10.2.1 - TEquipment.NET

10.2.1 - TEquipment.NET
Model 9131 HDRC
Infrared Calibrator
User’s Guide
Rev. 082301
© Copyright,1997
Hart Scientific, Inc.
799 E. Utah Valley Drive
American Fork, Utah 84003-9775
Telephone (801) 763-1600 • Fax (801) 763-1010
Internet: http://www.hartscientific.com
E-mail: [email protected]
Rev. 082301
Table of Contents
1
Before You Start . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
1.1
1.2
1.3
Symbols Used . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Safety Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Customer Service Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
2
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
3
Specifications and Environmental Conditions . . . . . . . 7
3.1
3.2
3.3
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Environmental Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Warranty. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
4
Safety Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
5
Quick Start . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
5.1
5.2
5.3
6
Parts and Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
6.1
6.2
6.3
7
Set-up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Setting the Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
IR Thermometer Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Controller Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
8.1
8.2
8.3
9
Rear Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Prop View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Front Panel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
General Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
7.1
7.2
7.3
8
Unpacking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Set-up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Programming. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Locking/Unlocking the Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Switching display units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Test Probe Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
9.1
Calibration Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
i
9.1.1
9.2
Direct Calibration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Dry-Well Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
9.2.1
Stabilization and Accuracy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
10 Calibration Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
10.1
10.2
Pre-Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
10.2.1
10.2.2
10.2.3
Span Adjust . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Zero Adjust. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Accuracy Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
11 Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
12 Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
12.1
12.2
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
CE Comments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
12.2.1
12.2.2
12.3
ii
EMC Directive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Low Voltage Directive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Wiring Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
1 Before You Start
1
1.1
Before You Start
Symbols Used
Table 1 lists the symbols used on the instrument or in this manual and
the meaning of each symbol.
Table1 International Electrical Symbols
Symbol
Description
AC
AC-DC
Battery
CE
DC
Double Insulated
Electric Shock
Fuse
PE Ground
Hot Surface
Read the User’s Manual
Off
On
Hart Scientific
Manual Rev. 082301
1
1 Before You Start
1.2
Safety Information
Use the instrument only as specified in this manual. Otherwise, the protection provided by the instrument may be impaired.
The following definitions apply to the terms “Warning” and “Caution”.
• “Warning” identifies conditions and actions that may pose hazards to
the user.
• “Caution” identifies conditions and actions that may damage the in-
strument being used.
WARNINGS
To avoid possible electric shock or personal injury, follow these
guidelines.
DO NOT operate this unit without a properly grounded, properly
polarized power cord.
DO NOT connect this unit to a non-grounded, non-polarized
outlet.
The chassis is Hot above 350°C
DO NOT use this unit for any application other than calibration
work.
DO NOT use this unit in environments other than those listed in
the user’s manual.
Use of this instrument at HIGH TEMPERATURES for extended
periods of time requires caution.
Completely unattended operation is not recommended for
safety reasons.
Always replace the fuse with one of the same rating, voltage
and type.
If the instrument is used in a manner not in accordance with the
equipment design, the operation of the dry-well may be impaired or safety hazards may arise.
Follow all safety guidelines listed in the user’s manual.
CALIBRATION EQUIPMENT should only be used by TRAINED
PERSONNEL.
CAUTIONS
To avoid possible damage to the instrument, follow these guidelines.
Never allow any foreign material to come in contact with the
black body surface.
DO NOT change the values of the calibration constants from
the factory set values. The correct setting of these parameters
is important to the safety and proper operation of the calibrator.
2
Manual Rev. 082301
9131
1 Before You Start
The prop was not designed to be used as a handle for carrying
the instrument. To avoid damage, it should not be forced beyond the inclined position of the calibrator.
1.3
Customer Service Information
Hart Scientific can be contacted by writing to:
Hart Scientific, Inc.
799 E. Utah Valley Drive
American Fork, UT 84003-9775
Or by calling or faxing:
Telephone: (801) 763-1700
Fax: (801) 763-1010
Our World Wide Web site is: www.hartscientifc.com
E-mail: [email protected]
When calling Hart Scientific Customer Service, please have the following
information available:
• Model Number
• Serial Number
• Voltage
Hart Scientific
Manual Rev. 082301
3
2 Introduction
2
Introduction
Hart Scientific’s Model 9131 HDRC black body temperature calibrator
and temperature reference is a small, portable instrument designed for
quick on-site checks and calibration of infrared (IR) thermometers and
sensors. It features a one-inch diameter aperture with a 0.95 emissivity. A
1/8-inch diameter reference well allows insertion of a small PRT for reference or unit calibration. The instrument is controlled by a microprocessor
based digital PID temperature controller and uses a precision platinum
RTD as a sensor with a heater to control the target temperature. The
controller display will show the target temperature and also the set-point
temperature. The temperature may be set to any temperature within the
range of 35°C to 400°C in 0.1 degree increments by using the three buttons on the control panel. The calibrator’s multiple fault protection devices
insure user and instrument safety and protection.
The 9131 was designed for portability, speed, and ease of operation. It’s
use will provide a means of quick, accurate calibration, and comparisons
of IR thermometers or pyrometers and sensors.
Hart Scientific
Manual Rev. 082301
5
3 Specifications and Environmental Conditions
3
3.1
3.2
Specifications and Environmental
Conditions
Specifications
Temperature Range
35°C to 400°C (95°F to 752°F)
Accuracy
±1°C to 100°C (±2°F to 212°F)
±2°C to 250°C (±4°F to 482°F)
±3°C to 400°C (±6°F to 752°F)
Resolution
0.1°
Stability (2-sigma)
±0.25°C 35°C to 200°C (±0.45°F 95°F to 392°F)
±0.35°C 200°C to 300°C (±0.63°F 392°F to 572°F)
±0.45°C 300°C to 400°C (±0.81°F 572°F to 752°F)
Heating Times
15 minutes to maximum
Cooling Times
400 to 100°C: 25 minutes
Stabilization
3 minutes
Target Emissivity
0.95
Aperture Diameter
1" (25.4 mm)
Power
115 VAC (±10%), 1.5 A, 50/60 Hz or 230 VAC
(±10%), 0.75 A, 50/60 Hz, 175 W
Size
2.25" H x 4.9" W x 5.9"D
(57 mm x 125 mm x 150 mm)
Weight
2 lb. 3 oz. (1.08 kg)
Environmental Conditions
Although the instrument has been designed for optimum durability and
trouble-free operation, it must be handled with care. The instrument
should not be operated in an excessively dusty or dirty environment.
Maintenance and cleaning recommendations can be found in the Maintenance Section of this manual.
The instrument operates safely under the following conditions:
• temperature range: 5–40°C (41–104°F)
• ambient relative humidity: 15–50%
• pressure: 75kPa–106kPa
• mains voltage within ±10% of nominal
• vibrations in the calibration environment should be minimized
Hart Scientific
Manual Rev. 082301
7
3 Specifications and Environmental Conditions
• altitude less than 2,000 meters
3.3
Warranty
Hart Scientific, Inc. (Hart) warrants this product to be free from defects in
material and workmanship under normal use and service for a period as
stated in our current product catalog from the date of shipment. This warranty extends only to the original purchaser and shall not apply to any
product which, in Hart's sole opinion, has been subject to misuse, alteration, abuse or abnormal conditions of operation or handling.
Software is warranted to operate in accordance with its programmed instructions on appropriate Hart products. It is not warranted to be error
free.
Hart's obligation under this warranty is limited to repair or replacement of
a product which is returned to Hart within the warranty period and is determined, upon examination by Hart, to be defective. If Hart determines
that the defect or malfunction has been caused by misuse, alteration,
abuse or abnormal conditions or operation or handling, Hart will repair
the product and bill the purchaser for the reasonable cost of repair.
To exercise this warranty, the purchaser must forward the product after
calling or writing Hart for authorization. Hart assumes NO risk for in-transit damage.
For service or assistance, please contact the manufacturer.
Hart Scientific, Inc.
799 East Utah Valley Drive
American Fork, UT 84003-9775
Phone: (801) 763-1600 · Fax: (801) 763-1010
E-mail: [email protected]
THE FOREGOING WARRANTY IS PURCHASER'S SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDY AND IS IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY
IMPLIED WARRANTY OR MERCHANTABILITY, OR FITNESS FOR
ANY PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR USE. HART SHALL NOT BE LIABLE
FOR ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES OR LOSS WHETHER IN CONTRACT, TORT, OR OTHERWISE.
8
Manual Rev. 082301
9131
4 Safety Guidelines
4
Safety Guidelines
• Operate the instrument in room temperatures between 5–40°C
(41–104°F). Allow sufficient air circulation by leaving at least 6 inches
of space between the instrument and nearby objects. Never set objects on top of the calibrator.
• The calibrator is a precision instrument. Although it has been de-
signed for optimum durability and trouble free operation, it must be
handled with care. The instrument should not be operated in excessively wet, oily, dusty, or dirty environments. DO NOT operate near
flammable environments.
• The instrument can generate extreme temperatures. Precautions
must be taken to prevent personal injury or damage to objects.
• The instrument is programmed and calibrated at the factory for opti-
mum performance and should never need to be readjusted. If the unit
is suspected to be out of calibration or in need of repair, please contact Hart Scientific Customer Service for assistance. Never attempt to
modify the unit or alter the programmed constants.
• Use only a grounded AC mains supply of the appropriate voltage to
power the instrument. Refer to Section 3.1, Specifications for power
details.
• Do not allow foreign material to come in contact with the black body
surface.
• Before initial use, after transport, and anytime the calibrator has not
been energized for more than 10 days, the instrument needs to be energized for a “dry-out” period of 1-2 hours before it can be assumed to
meet all of the safety requirements of the IEC 1010-1.
• If a mains supply power fluctuation occurs, immediately turn off the in-
strument. Power bumps from brown-outs and black-outs could damage the instrument. Wait until the power has stabilized before
re-energizing the instrument.
• The calibrator is equipped with an internal thermal fuse and an electri-
cal fuse. If a fuse blows, it is likely caused by failure of another part. If
this occurs, the calibrator should be returned to the factory for inspection.
Hart Scientific
Manual Rev. 082301
9
5 Quick Start
5
5.1
Quick Start
Unpacking
Unpack the calibrator carefully and inspect it for any damage that may
have occurred during shipment. If there is shipping damage, notify the
carrier immediately.
Verify that the following components are present:
• 9131 Calibrator
• Power Cord
• Manual
5.2
Set-up
Place the calibrator on a flat surface with at least 6 inches of free space
around the instrument. The prop may be swung down to raise the front of
the instrument from a horizontal position. Plug the power cord into a
grounded mains outlet. Observe that the nominal voltage corresponds to
that indicated on the back of the calibrator.
Turn on the power to the calibrator by toggling the power switch on. The
fan should begin quietly blowing air through the instrument and the controller display should illuminate after 3 seconds. After a brief self-test the
controller should begin normal operation. If the unit fails to operate
please check the power connection.
The heater will start operating to bring the temperature of the calibrator
to the set-point temperature and the display will begin to show the actual
target temperature.
5.3
Power
Plug the calibrator power cord into a mains outlet of the proper voltage,
frequency, and current capability. Refer to Section 3.1, Specifications for
power details. Turn the calibrator on using the switch on the rear panel.
The calibrator will turn on and begin to heat to the previously programmed temperature set-point. The front panel LED display will indicate
the actual calibrator temperature.
Hart Scientific
Manual Rev. 082301
11
6 Parts and Controls
6
Parts and Controls
The user should become familiar with the calibrator and its parts. (Refer
to Figures 1, 2, and 3).
6.1
Rear Panel
Power Cord - The power cord, (Figure 1) attaches to the back side of the
9131. It plugs into a standard 115 VAC (optional 230 VAC) grounded
socket.
Power Switch - The power switch is located on the back panel of the calibrator. The switch is either on or off. The on position is for normal operation. The off position disconnects power to the entire unit.
Fan - A fan inside the calibrator runs continuously when the unit is being
operated. This provides cooling to the instrument. Allow 6 inches of open
space in front and behind the calibrator to allow adequate ventilation.
Fan
American Fork
Utah 84003
Made In U.S.A.
Power Switch
115 V
50/60 Hz
1.5 Amp Max.
Electronics Fuse Internal
Serial No: 4A001
Power Cord
Figure 1 Rear Panel
6.2
Prop View
Prop - The prop (Figure 2) is located on the bottom side of the 9131. It
lays flat against the bottom of the calibrator when not in use. It can be
Hart Scientific
Manual Rev. 082301
13
6 Parts and Controls
swung down into a standing position when using the instrument at an inclined position.
Figure 2 9131 Side View Showing the Prop
Caution: The prop was not designed to be used as a handle for carrying the instrument. To avoid damage, it should not be
forced beyond the inclined position of the calibrator.
6.3
Front Panel
Black Body Target - Located on the right side (while facing the front of
the 9131, Figure 3) is the heated target. IR thermometers or pyrometers
with a spot diameter of one-inch or less may be calibrated. A hole above
14
Manual Rev. 082301
9131
6 Parts and Controls
the target and on top of the instrument allows access to the reference
well (1/8-inch diameter). Surrounding the target area are small ventilation
holes that provide cooling to the instrument.
CAUTION
HOT SURFACES
9131 HDRC
Figure 3 Front Panel and Top View
Controller Display - The numeric LED display shows the target temperature from 33°C to 400.0°C. (92°F to 752.0°F.) The display shows the
set-point temperature when the ✱ button is pressed. Located in the upper
Hart Scientific
Manual Rev. 082301
15
6 Parts and Controls
left of the temperature display is the main set-point (SP1) LED. This is
the cycle indicator and shows the on/off state of the block heater.
Controller Buttons - The three buttons on the controller allow for adjustment of the set-point temperature. When pressed, the button marked ✱
toggles the display from the actual block temperature to the set-point
temperature with the units of measure being used (°C or °F). While holding the ✱ button, the set-point temperature can be changed by pressing
and holding in either the button marked ▲ or ▼ until the desired set-point
is reached. The longer the keys are held down, the faster the set-point
will change. When the desired set-point temperature is reached, releasing ✱ button immediately changes the display back to the actual block
temperature and the controller begins to heat or cool to the new set-point
temperature.
16
Manual Rev. 082301
9131
7 General Operation
7
7.1
General Operation
Set-up
Place the calibrator on a flat surface with at least 6 inches of free space
in front of and behind the instrument. The prop may be swung down to
raise the front of the instrument from a horizontal position. Plug the
power cord into an AC grounded outlet of the appropriate voltage.
The target must be clear of any foreign objects. Turn on the power to the
calibrator by toggling the switch at the rear of the instrument to the on position. The controller display should illuminate and after a few second the
fan should begin blowing air through the instrument. If the unit fails to operate check the power connection. When the calibrator is first powered
on all of the LED segments will temporarily illuminate as the controller
performs a brief self-test and set-up. The heater will begin operating to
bring the temperature of the calibrator to the set-point temperature and
the display will then begin to show the actual target temperature.
7.2
Setting the Temperature
The calibrator may be set to any temperature between 33 and 400.0°C in
0.1°C increments. To set the temperature, simply press and hold the ✱
key and the appropriate ▲ or ▼ button until the desired temperature is attained. Pressing the ✱ button changes the numeric display to show the
set-point temperature and activates the ▲ and ▼ keys. Note that the longer the ▲ or ▼ keys are held down, the faster the set-point will change.
When the desired set-point temperature is reached, release the ▲ or ▼
and the ✱ buttons. The panel will resume display of the actual block temperature.
If the set-point temperature is changed the controller will cause the unit
to heat or cool to the desired set-point temperature. The cycle indicator
LED will pulse on and off indicating the duty cycle of the heater. The display will indicate the actual target temperature which continuously
changes until it reaches the set-point temperature. A small overshoot in
the temperature is typical as it stabilizes to the set-point temperature.
Three to five minutes is normally required for the target to reach the
set-point temperature if the set-point is adjusted to a higher value. It may
take a little longer if the set-point is adjusted to a lower temperature.
7.3
IR Thermometer Calibration
For optimum accuracy and stability allow the calibrator to warm up for 30
minutes after power-up and 10–15 minutes after setting the temperature.
Hart Scientific
Manual Rev. 082301
17
7 General Operation
The displayed target temperature should be within 0.2 degrees of the
set-point temperature. Aim the IR thermometer/pyrometer carefully at the
target. The thermometer should be positioned so that its spot diameter
(area measured) is within the area of the target. Observe the temperature
indication on the thermometer while moving the spot up and down and
left and right to determine the maximum reading. Compare that maximum reading and the actual temperature indication on the 9131.
18
Manual Rev. 082301
9131
8 Controller Operation
8
Controller Operation
The controller is fully programmable. Each of the parameters such as
proportional band, integration time, display units, and calibration offset
can be viewed and altered. The controller has been configured at the factory for optimum accuracy, stability, and response time. These parameters should not be changed although the user is free to do so if desired.
The following section explains how the controller is programmed and particularly how to switch the parameter units from the factory settings.
8.1
Programming
The controller is shipped from the factory with a software lock on all programmable parameters. This prevents accidental accessing and changing of the pre-set parameters. The 9131 parameters can be browsed and
read without unlocking the software lock mentioned above. (See Figure
4.)
Programming the controller and accessing the parameter settings is
done using the three controller keys just below the display. The program
menu is entered and exited by pressing the ▲ and ▼ buttons at the same
time for three seconds. After three seconds the controller will enter level
1 of its menu. The display will toggle between tunE and oFF.
From this point in the control menu, the ▲ and ▼ buttons can be used to
step up or down through the parameters of level 1. To access another
level of the controller, press the ▼ button to step through the controller
parameters to the bottom of level 1 until the display toggles between
LEUL and 1. From this point the other 2 levels are accessed by pressing
and holding in the ✱ button and pressing the ▲ button to step to levels 2
or 3. Each of the 3 levels can be stepped through in the same way using
the ▲ or ▼ button.
8.2
Locking/Unlocking the Controller
In order to change any parameter, the controller will have to be unlocked.
The lock/unlock parameter is accessed by going into level 3 as explained
above. Once inside level 3 (see Figure 4), step up until the Uer and 2 is
toggling on the display. Now press and hold the ▲ and ▼ buttons simultaneously for 10 seconds. The LoCK and ALL should now be alternating on
the display (see Figure 5). Press the ✱ button and step down using the ▼
button until nonE appears in the display. Holding down the ▲ and ▼ buttons for 3 seconds from this point will unlock all controller parameters
and settings and return the controller display to show the block temperature.
Hart Scientific
Manual Rev. 082301
19
20
Manual Rev. 082301
S
T
A
R
T
Move
up and
down
in a
level
with
the
∆ and ∇
buttons.
32
Integral time/Reset
Proportional band/Gain
or Hysteresis
Select Autotune or Park
int.t
band
tune
Press and hold the ∆ and ∇
buttons for 3 seconds to
enter the program mode.
199.3
Program Entry Point
LEUL
1.2
Derivative time/Rate
der.t
1
off
8
2.0
Derivative approach
control
5.0
0.0
daC
Offset/Manual reset
Proportional cycle-time
or ON/OFF
oFSt
oFF
-20.0
2.0
on.of
Value
CyC.t
Adjust SP2 setpoint
Lock main setpoint SP1
SP.LY
Select SP2 Hysteresis or
Prop Band
CYC.2
bnd.2
Set.2
Select SP2 ON/OFF
or cycle-time
Parameter
Display Alternates
inPt
*
*
Move up and down
levels with the
and ∆
and
and ∇ buttons.
Read SP1 output power %
(Not adjustable)
SP1 manual power control %
Set SP1 power limit %
Set SP2 power limit %
2
2
oFF
100
100
FsLO
none
0.1°
400.0
0.0
rtd
°C
Value
Note: Values shown are factory default values with the exception
of the grayed out parameters and values. These settings vary
according to the unit calibration and can be found on the unit
certification sheet.
LEUL
SP1.P
hAnd
PL.1
PL.2
Main SP2 operating mode:
Alarms/Cool strategy
SP2.b
SP2.A
Select display resolution
Set full scale
Subsidiary SP2 mode:
Alarm (latch sequence)
diSP
hi.SC
Set scale minimum
Select input sensor
unit
Lo.SC
Select °C/°F
or Process units
Parameter
Display Alternates
LEUL
SP1.d
SP2.d
3
55d
rLY
uP.SC
(See separate chart for Level 4)
Access to hidden Level 4.
Press and hold the ∆ and ∇
buttons for 10 seconds.
Read SP1 output device
Read SP2 output device
Burn-out protection
Ir.2d
burn
Selet output modes
Direct/Reverse
rEU.d
0
In.2n
Select SP1/2 LED modes
Sensor span adjust
0
oFF
Zero sensor error
UAr°
Read monitor results
Ct A
2
nonE
Value
Select control accuracy
monitor
Read Autotune tuning data
Software Version
Functions Reset
Display Alternates
rEU.L
SPAn
2Ero
ChEk
rEAd
dAta
UEr
rSEt
Parameter
8 Controller Operation
Figure 4 Controller Programming Chart
9131
8 Controller Operation
Display Alternates
Parameter
Move
up and
down
in a
level
with
the
∆ and ∇
buttons.
Value
dEr.5
Derivative sensitivity
0.5
di5.5
Display sensitivity
25
no.AL
Disable SP2 Alarm
annunciator
on
oFF
ProG
Program mode
auto-exit switch
Auto
StAY
LocK
Program security lock
none
LEU.3
LEUL
4
LEU.2
ALL
Return to Level 3 only
Move down a level or change
options with the
and ∆
and
and ∇ buttons.
*
*
Level 4 Entry Point
(Level 3 Version Parameter)
UEr
Lock Options
Press and hold the ∆ and ∇
buttons for 10 seconds to
enter the hidden level 4
menu.
LEU.3
Locks levels 3 and 4 only
LEU.2
Locks levels 2, 3, and 4 only
ALL
none
Locks all functions
No functions or options locked
Figure 5 Controller Level 4 (Parameter Lock Options) Programming Chart
8.3
Switching Display Units
The calibrator is set at the factory to display in °C or °F. At some point the
user may want to change units from °C to °F or from °F to °C. The unit
change is a simple one that can be used as an example of changing any
of the variables or parameters within the program menu. After unlocking
the controller as described above, press the ▲ and ▼ buttons for 3 seconds. This accesses level 1 of the menu.
Hart Scientific
Manual Rev. 082301
21
8 Controller Operation
Once inside level 1, the other levels of the menu may be accessed. After
looking at the menu chart (Figure 4), the user can see that the unit parameter is changed within level 2. Press the ▼ button to get to the bottom
of level 1 where the LEUL and 1 are shown alternating in the display.
Press and hold the ✱ button and press the ▲ button until the 2 shows on
the display. Now inside level 2, use the ▲ and ▼ buttons to find the unit
parameter. Notice how the display flashes between unit and ° C. Press
and hold the ✱ button and press the ▼ button until ° F shows on the display. After the buttons are released, the display should be flashing unit
and ° F instead of unit and ° C. The change has been made.
To return to the temperature display either press and hold the ▲ and ▼
buttons for 3 seconds or wait approximately 1 minute and the controller
will automatically return. This is how all of the adjustable parameters for
the controller work on the 9131 HDRC Calibrator. The controller may be
locked again after changing parameters to avoid accidentally changing
one of them. Follow the instructions above and replace the nOnE at the
LoCK menu with ALL and then exit out of the program menu as explained.
22
Manual Rev. 082301
9131
9 Test Probe Calibration
9
Test Probe Calibration
For optimum accuracy and stability, allow the calibrator to warm up for 10
minutes after power-up and then allow adequate stabilization time after
reaching the set-point temperature. After completing calibration, allow the
block to cool before switching the power off.
9.1
9.1.1
Calibration Methods
Direct Calibration
Direct calibration involves testing a probe directly against the calibrator’s
temperature display. The advantage of this method is that it is quick and
easy.
Point the infrared probe to be calibrated at the target of the calibrator.
Avoid any dirt or grit that may cause an inaccurate reading. The infrared
probe may be compared to the calibrator display temperature. The display temperature should be stable to within 0.1°C for best results.
Be sure that the infrared thermometer is pointed at the target with the
“correct angle”. Make sure that the thermometer is close enough for good
“reading” contact.
Caution: Never introduce any foreign material onto the target. Fluids, etc., can leak into the calibrator causing damage to the
calibrator.
9.2
Dry-Well Characteristics
Understanding the thermal characteristics of the calibrator can help you
achieve the best accuracy and efficiency possible.
9.2.1
Stabilization and Accuracy
The stabilization time of the calibrator will depend on the conditions and
temperature involved. Typically, the calibrator will be stable to 0.2°C
within 5 minutes of reaching the set-point temperature as indicated by
the display. Ultimate stability will be achieved 10 to 20 minutes after
reaching the set temperature.
Decreasing the time required for the calibration process can be accomplished by knowing how soon to make the measurement. It is recommended that typical measurements be made at the desired temperatures
with the desired test probes to establish these times.
Hart Scientific
Manual Rev. 082301
23
10 Calibration Procedure
10
10.1
Calibration Procedure
Pre-Calibration
Make sure all parameters in the controller are set according to the parameter table provided in the operation manual.
a) Turn the unit on.
b) Set all parameters to the values shown in the chart.
10.2
Calibration
To calibrate the 9131 you must perform a span adjust, zero adjust, and
accuracy check as explained in the following sections.
10.2.1
Span Adjust
1.
Record the current span value (spancur)
2.
Set the controller to 50°C (Slow). Allow the calibrator to stabilize
(about 15 minutes) after reaching the set temperature.
3.
Record the actual temperature of the calibrator at 50°C (Tlow).
4.
Set the controller to 400°C (Shigh). Allow the calibrator to stabilize
(about 15 minutes) after reaching the set temperature.
5.
Record the actual temperature of the calibrator at 400°C (Thigh).
Use only a calibrated minature PRT. Contact Hart Scientific for
PRT specifications.
6.
The new span value is calculated by the following formula:
errorhigh − errorlow
span = 400 
 Thigh − Tlow

 + span
cur


where errorhigh is Thigh–Shigh and
errorlow is Tlow–Slow
7.
Hart Scientific
Record and set the new span parameter.
Manual Rev. 082301
25
10 Calibration Procedure
10.2.2
Zero Adjust
Note: New temperature measurements must be taken. You cannot
use the values from span adjust.
1.
Record the current zero value (zerocur).
2.
Set the controller to 50°C (Slow). Allow the calibrator to stabilize
(about 15 minutes) after reaching the set temperature.
3.
Record the actual temperature of the calibrator at 50°C. (Tlow)
4.
Set the controller to 400°C (Shigh). Allow the calibrator to stabilize
(about 15 minutes) after reaching the set temperature.
5.
Record the actual temperature of the calibrator at 400°C. (Thigh)
6.
Calculate the “zero” parameter by averaging the error values:
errorlow + errorhigh 
 + zero cur
zero = 
2


where errorhigh is Thigh–Shigh and
errorlow is Tlow–Slow .
7.
10.2.3
Record and set the zero parameter.
Accuracy Check
Set the controller to 50°C. Allow about 15 minutes for stabilization after
reaching the set-point temperature. Record the actual temperature of the
calibrator. Repeat for set-points of 100°C, 150°C, 200°C, 250°C, 300°C,
and 400°C.
If any of the measured temperatures are not within specification, repeat
the Span Adjust and the Zero Adjust as described in Sections 10.2.1
and 10.2.2.
26
Manual Rev. 082301
9131
11 Maintenance
11
Maintenance
• The calibration instrument has been designed with the utmost care.
Ease of operation and simplicity of maintenance have been a central
theme in the product development. Therefore, with proper care the instrument should require very little maintenance. Avoid operating the
instrument in an oily, wet, dirty, or dusty environment.
• If the outside of the instrument becomes soiled, it may be wiped clean
with a damp cloth and mild detergent. DO NOT use harsh chemicals
on the surface which may damage the paint.
• It is important to keep the target of the calibrator clean and clear of any
foreign matter. DO NOT use fluid to clean the target.
• The calibrator should be handled with care. Avoid knocking, bumping,
or dropping the calibrator. Due to the size and portability of the 9131, it
is vulnerable to being shocked and dropped as it is carried around. It
may be easily dragged off from a counter top while in use. Never string
probe cables or the power cord across an isle where people could trip
over them and pull the calibrator from its place. DO NOT place objects
on top of the calibrator or apply excessive pressure to the chassis.
With a little care, this calibrator will provide long-lasting, trouble-free
operation.
• DO NOT slam any objects into the target. This type of action can
cause a shock to the sensor.
• If a hazardous material is spilt on or inside the equipment, the user is
responsible for taking the appropriate decontamination steps as outlined by the national safety council with respect to the material.
• If the mains supply cord becomes damaged, replace it with a cord with
the appropriate gauge wire for the current of the instrument. If there
are any questions, call Hart Scientific Customer Service for more information.
• Before using any cleaning or decontamination method except those
recommended by Hart, users should check with Hart Scientific Customer Service to be sure that the proposed method will not damage
the equipment.
• If the instrument is used in a manner not in accordance with the equip-
ment design, the operation of the calibrator may be impaired or safety
hazards may arise.
• The 9131 calibrator is programmed and calibrated at the factory for
optimum performance. Field adjustment to the program should not be
necessary. If the unit is suspected to be out of calibration or in need of
Hart Scientific
Manual Rev. 082301
27
11 Maintenance
repair, please contact the factory for assistance. The unit should be
recalibrated at the factory yearly. Never attempt to modify the unit or
alter the programmed constants.
28
Manual Rev. 082301
9131
12 Troubleshooting
12
Troubleshooting
If problems arise while operating the 9131, this section provides some
suggestions that may help you solve the problem. A wiring diagram is
also included. Opening the unit without contacting Hart Scientific Customer Service may void the warranty.
12.1
Troubleshooting
Below are several situations that may arise followed by suggested actions for fixing the problem. You may need to refer to Section 8, Controller Operation and to Figures 4 and 5. Refer to the Report of Calibration
for any unique controller values.
Problems
Causes and Solutions
Incorrect Temperature
Reading
Check the sensor span adjust “SPAn” in Level 2 to
see that it is set correctly.
Check the zero sensor error “2Er 0” in Level 2 to
see that it is set correctly.
Check input sensor “inPt” in Level 2 is set to “rtd”.
If not, Master Reset the controller. See the Master
Reset instructions at the bottom of this table.
The display is off after
waiting 30 seconds
Check that the power cord is plugged in.
If the unit has power and the display is off, the fuse
may be blown and the unit needs to be returned to
Hart Scientific for repair. Contact Hart Scientific Customer Service.
The display flashes “Input Fail”
There is a sensor error. Contact Hart Scientific Customer Service.
The display flashes “Input None”
Contact Hart Scientific Customer Service.
Unit will not heat to
400°C
The ambient temperature is too low.
User cannot set the tem- Check to see that “hi.SC” in Level 2 is set to 400
perature to the maximum Check to see that “Lo.SC” in Level 2 is set to 0.0
or minimum values of the
unit
Controller lock-up
Hart Scientific
Do a Master Reset of the controller. See the Master
Reset instructions at the bottom of this table.
Manual Rev. 082301
29
12 Troubleshooting
Problems
Causes and Solutions
Temperature readout is
not the actual temperature of the well
With the unit stable, slowly rotate the unit. If no
change occurs, the unit may need to be calibrated.
Contact Hart Scientific Customer Service. If the display changes more than twice the normal display
deviation, another unit in the area could be emitting
therefore energy. Move the unit to a different location and rotate the unit again. If the temperature is
correct in this new area or deviates differently than
the first area, therefore energy is present in the
room. If you have to perform the test in the effected
area, use the comparison test to eliminate any possible errors.
Master Reset
In Level 3 set “rSEt” The controller transfers to
Level 5 where the following parameters must be reentered.
InPt - rtd
Unit - ° C
Sp1.D - rLy
Re-enter Level 1, 2, and 3, parameters. Refer to Figures 4 and 5, and the Report of Calibration for Level
1, Level 2, and Level 3 values. to “ALL”.
12.2
CE Comments
12.2.1
EMC Directive
Hart Scientific’s equipment has been tested to meet the European Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive (EMC Directive, 89/336/EEC). The
Declaration of Conformity for your instrument lists the specific standards
to which the unit was tested.
For units used in the “field”, a slight degradation of accuracy may be noticed between 300–350 MHz with a field intensity of 10V/M at the unit. A
piece of equipment in proximity to the unit under test must emit greater
than 1000 times the permissible CE standard (EN55022) at these specific frequencies to have any effect on the unit. Units used in a laboratory
are not effected. See the Troubleshooting Section above.
30
Manual Rev. 082301
9131
12 Troubleshooting
12.2.2
Low Voltage Directive
In order to comply with the European Low Voltage Directive (73/23/EEC),
Hart Scientific equipment has been designed to meet the IEC 1010-1
(EN 61010-1) and IEC 1010-2-010 (EN 61010-2-010) standards.
Hart Scientific
Manual Rev. 082301
31
12 Troubleshooting
12.3
Wiring Diagram
AC LINE
115/230
TEMPERATURE
CONTROLLER
WHT
BLK
BRN
WHT/RED 3"
8 N
AC VOLTAGE
WHT/YEL/BLK 3"
7 L
WHT/RED/BLK 3"
6
RELAY SWITCH
0.1 MF
POWER SWITCH
5
4 SSR DRIVE
3 +
4"
GRN
2 -
H
N
PWR J1
POWER
BOARD
0.22 MF
N
RTD/PT100
1 +
CTL
J3
4"
H
H
FANJ4
+
BLK
N
RED
-
HTR
J2
SENSOR
DRYWELL
BLOCK
HEATER
LTR.
DESCRIPTION
BY
APPROVAL
DATE
TITLE
HART
SCIENTIFIC
American Fork, Utah
84062-0435
(801) 763-1600
REV.
9100 DRYWELL WIRING
REVISIONS
DATE
APPROVAL
DRAWN
CNG
10-30-95
RELEASE
DWG NO.
A021-2S17
SCALE:
SHEET 1OF
1
Figure 6 Wiring Diagram
32
Manual Rev. 082301
9131
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement