Tektronix MB100 User Manual

Tektronix MB100 User Manual
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User Manual
p
MB100
Multi-Channel BER Tester
070-9783-01
This document applies to firmware version 1.5 and above.
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Copyright © Tektronix, Inc. 1997. All rights reserved.
Tektronix products are covered by U.S. and foreign patents, issued and pending.
Information in this publication supersedes that in all previously published
material. Specifications and price change privileges reserved.
Printed in the U.S.A.
Tektronix, Inc., P.O. Box 1000, Wilsonville, OR 97070-1000
TEKTRONIX and TEK are registered trademarks of Tektronix, Inc.
ii
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WARRANTY
Tektronix warrants that this product will be free from defects in materials and
workmanship for a period of one (1) year from the date of shipment. If any such
product proves defective during this warranty period, Tektronix, at its option,
either will repair the defective product without charge for parts and labor, or will
provide a replacement in exchange for the defective product.
In order to obtain service under this warranty, Customer must notify Tektronix of
the defect before the expiration of the warranty period and make suitable
arrangements for the performance of service. Customer shall be responsible for
packaging and shipping the defective product to the service center designated by
Tektronix, with shipping charges prepaid. Tektronix shall pay for the return of
the product to Customer if the shipment is to a location within the country in
which Tektronix service center is located. Customer shall be responsible for
paying all shipping charges, duties, taxes, and any other charges for products
returned to any other locations.
This warranty shall not apply to any defect, failure or damage caused by
improper use or improper or inadequate maintenance and care. Tektronix shall
not be obligated to furnish service under warranty a) to repair damage resulting
from attempts by personnel other than Tektronix representatives to install, repair
or service the product; b) to repair damage resulting from improper user or
connection to incompatible equipment; or c) to service a product that has been
modified or integrated with other products when the effect of such modification
or integration increases the time or difficulty of servicing the product.
THIS WARRANTY IS GIVEN BY TEKTRONIX WITH RESPECT TO
THIS PRODUCT IN LIEU OF ANY OTHER WARRANTIES,
EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED. TEKTRONIX AND ITS VENDORS
DISCLAIM ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY
OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. TEKTRONIX’
RESPONSIBILITY TO REPAIR OR REPLACE DEFECTIVE
PRODUCTS IS THE SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDY PROVIDED TO
THE CUSTOMER FOR BREACH OF THIS WARRANTY. TEKTRONIX
AND ITS VENDORS WILL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY INDIRECT,
SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
IRRESPECTIVE OF WHETHER TEKTRONIX OR THE VENDOR HAS
ADVANCE NOTICE OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
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iii
How to Reach Customer Service
If you have any questions regarding the operation, maintenance, repair,
or application of your Tektronix equipment, contact your local sales and
service office. This unit should be calibrated yearly. For a complete list
of Worldwide Sales and Service Offices, contact (800) 426-2200 or see
the table below for other methods of contacting Tektronix sales and
service.
Tektronix provides high quality Technical Support on applications,
operation, measurement specifications, hardware, and software by
expert application engineers. For Applications Support, call the
Customer Support Center listed below.
iv
Mailing
Address
Attn. Customer Service
Tektronix, Inc.
Measurement Business Division
P.O. Box 500
Beaverton, Oregon 97077-0001
USA
Customer
and Sales
Support
Center
800-TEK-WIDE
or
800-835-9433 Ext 2400
Direct
503-627-2400
Fax
503-627-5695
E-Mail
[email protected]
Web Site
http://www.tek.com
Hours are 6:00 AM to 5:00 PM,
Pacific Time.
After hours Voice Mail is available.
MB100 User Manual
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U.S.A., Africa, Asia, Australia, Central & South America, Japan
Tektronix, Inc.
P.O. Box 500
Beaverton, Oregon 97077-0001
For additional literature, or the address and phone number of the Tektronix
Sales Office or Representative nearest you, contact: (800) 426-2200
Belgium: Brussels
Phone: 32(2) 725 96 10
Fax: 32(2) 725 99 53
Canada: Calgary
Phone: (403) 274-2691
Fax: (403) 274-3483
Denmark: Copenhagen
Phone: 45 44 850 700
Fax: 45 44 850 701
Eastern Europe, Middle East and Austria
Tektronix Ges.m.b.H
Doerenkampgasse 7
A-1100 Vienna, Austria
Phone: 43(1) 70177 261
Fax: 43(1) 70177 260
Finland: Helsinki
Phone: 358 4783 400
Fax: 358 47834 200
France and North Africa
Tektronix S.A.
ZAC Courtaboeuf, 4 Av du Canada
B.P.13
91941 Les Ulis Cedex, France
Phone: 33(1) 69 86 81 81
Fax: 33(1) 69 07 09 37
Germany: Cologne
Phone: 49(221) 94770
Fax: 49(221) 9477 200
Italy: Milan
Phone: 39(2) 25 0861
Fax: 39(2) 25 086 400
Japan: Tokyo
Phone: 81(3) 3448-3111
Fax: 81(3) 3444-3661
The Netherlands: Hoofddorp
Phone: 31(23) 069 5555
Fax: 31(23) 569 5500
Norway: Oslo
Phone: 47(22) 07 0700
Fax: 47(22) 07 0707
Tektronix sales and service offices around the
world:
Algeria,
Argentina, Australia,
Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belgium,
Bolivia,
Brazil,
Bulgaria,
Canada,
Chile,
People’s Republic
of China, Columbia,
Costa Rica, Cypress, Czechoslovakia, Denmark,
Ecuador,
Egypt,
Finland,
France,
Germany,
Greece,
Hong Kong, Iceland,
India,
Indonesia,
Ireland,
Israel,
Italy,
Ivory Coast,
Japan,
Jordan,
Korea,
Kuwait,
Lebanon, Malaysia,
Mexico,
The Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria,
Norway,
Oman,
Pakistan,
Panama,
Peru,
Phillippines, Poland,
Portugal,
Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Singapore,
Spain,
Sri Lanka,
Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan,
Thailand,
Tunisia,
Turkey,
United Arab Emirates,
United Kingdom,
Uruguay,
Venezuela,
Zimbabwe
Spain: Madrid
Phone: 34(1) 372 6000
Fax: 34(1) 372 6049
Sweden: Stockholm
Phone: 46(8) 629 6500
Fax: 46(8) 629 6540
Switzerland: Zug
Phone: 41(42) 219192
Fax: 41(42) 217784
U.K.: Marlow
Phone: 44 1628 403300
Fax: 44 1628 403301
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v
Table Of Contents
Customer Service, how to reach ........................................................................................................... iv
General Safety Summary....................................................................................................................... ix
Getting Started................................................................................................. 1-1
Product Description...............................................................................................................................1-2
Overview .............................................................................................................................................1-3
Features & Capabilities .......................................................................................................................1-4
Accessories..........................................................................................................................................1-9
Standard Accessories ......................................................................................................................1-9
Optional Accessories.......................................................................................................................1-9
First Time Operation...........................................................................................................................1-12
Turn on the MB100 ...........................................................................................................................1-12
Verifying the Proper Operation .........................................................................................................1-13
Cable Connection ..............................................................................................................................1-14
Clock Source Connection ..................................................................................................................1-15
Pattern Selection (PRBS 27-1)...........................................................................................................1-15
Verify Error-Free Operation..............................................................................................................1-16
Single-Error Inject on Each Channel for Continuity Check ..............................................................1-16
Operating Basics ............................................................................................ 2-1
Controls, Indicators and Connectors ...................................................................................................2-2
TX
Front Panel ..........................................................................................................................................2-2
Input Connectors .................................................................................................................................2-3
Output Connectors...............................................................................................................................2-3
Rear Panel ...........................................................................................................................................2-4
RX
Front Panel ..........................................................................................................................................2-8
Output Connectors...............................................................................................................................2-9
Error Analyzer.....................................................................................................................................2-9
Rear Panel .........................................................................................................................................2-11
Changing the Line Fuse .....................................................................................................................2-13
ECL-to-TTL Translator......................................................................................................................2-14
TTL-to-ECL Translator......................................................................................................................2-15
Cabling..................................................................................................................................................2-17
Connection on rear panel of Tx and Rx.............................................................................................2-17
Single-Ended vs. Differential Mode ..................................................................................................2-17
Key details of Rear Panel cabling......................................................................................................2-18
Subminiature SMB (SSMB) cable ....................................................................................................2-18
Connection Technique.......................................................................................................................2-19
vi
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Reference ......................................................................................................... 3-1
TX Menus and Displays ........................................................................................................................3-2
Pattern Edit/ Display ...........................................................................................................................3-3
Display Active Pattern.........................................................................................................................3-4
Interpreting HEX data.....................................................................................................................3-5
Display Pattern Softkeys .................................................................................................................3-6
Edit Active Pattern ..............................................................................................................................3-7
Pattern Edit/ Display Softkeys ........................................................................................................3-7
Generate (Tx)/ Detect (Rx) Custom Patterns ..................................................................................3-9
Error Injection ...................................................................................................................................3-10
Single Error Injection ........................................................................................................................3-11
Per Channel Enable ...........................................................................................................................3-12
Per Channel Delay.............................................................................................................................3-13
Clock Input Options ..........................................................................................................................3-15
Direct Clock Input - Coupling ...........................................................................................................3-17
Clock Output Options........................................................................................................................3-18
Channel Monitor Selection................................................................................................................3-19
Remote Setup ....................................................................................................................................3-20
View Angle........................................................................................................................................3-21
Identify ..............................................................................................................................................3-22
RX Menus and Displays ......................................................................................................................3-23
Measurements....................................................................................................................................3-24
Measurement Menu (Rx) Softkeys................................................................................................3-27
SYNC Sweep.....................................................................................................................................3-28
Pattern Edit/ Display .........................................................................................................................3-29
Display Active Pattern.......................................................................................................................3-30
Interpreting HEX data...................................................................................................................3-31
Display Pattern Softkeys ...............................................................................................................3-32
Edit Active Pattern ............................................................................................................................3-33
Per Channel Enable ...........................................................................................................................3-35
Clock Input Options ..........................................................................................................................3-37
Data Synchronization ........................................................................................................................3-38
Remote Setup ....................................................................................................................................3-40
View Angle........................................................................................................................................3-41
Beep Volume.....................................................................................................................................3-41
Identify ..............................................................................................................................................3-42
Menu Maps...........................................................................................................................................3-43
Applications..........................................................................................................................................3-44
BERT Technology.............................................................................................................................3-44
Simulate Four Channels of Data through the Device Under Test......................................................3-45
Differential Signaling Devices: BER Testing....................................................................................3-50
Validation Testing or Final Manufacturing Testing ..........................................................................3-55
Testing Analog/Digital Converters....................................................................................................3-57
Appendix
Specifications......................................................................................................................................... A-1
Glossary/ Index
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vii
List of Figures
Figure # ......................................................................................................................................... Page #
1-1 Front Panels of MB100 ................................................................................................................1-2
1-2 Typical Connection for testing Parallel-to-Parallel Interfaces .....................................................1-5
1-3 Single-Ended ECL Configuration, 16-, 24-, or 32-Channel Application .....................................1-5
1-4 Single-Ended ECL Configurations, 16-, 24-, or 32-Channel, Device Testing Application..........1-6
1-5 Differential ECL Configurations, 16-, 24-, or 32-Channel, Self-Test Application ......................1-6
1-6 Differential ECL Configurations, 16-, 24-, or 32-Channel, Device Testing Application.............1-7
1-7 TTL Translators for Single-Ended ECL Configurations, 16-, or 24-, or 32-Channel, Device
Testing Application .....................................................................................................................1-7
1-8 TTL Translators for Differential ECL Configurations, 16-, or 24-Channel, Device
Testing Application .....................................................................................................................1-8
1-9 Block Diagram of Setup.............................................................................................................1-13
1-10 Multiconductor pinout (left); Multiconductor connection on Rear Panel (right) .....................1-14
2-1 Tx Front Panel of MB100 ............................................................................................................2-2
2-2 Tx Rear Panel of MB100 .............................................................................................................2-4
2-3 Tx Rear Panel Differential Output Connector Pinout ..................................................................2-5
2-4 Rx Front Panel of MB100 ............................................................................................................2-8
2-5 Rx Rear Panel of MB100 ...........................................................................................................2-11
2-6 Rx Rear Panel Differential Output Connector Pinout ................................................................2-12
2-7 Rear Panel of MB100 showing AC Power Input .......................................................................2-13
2-8 Front Panel of ECL-to-TTL Translator “Pod” for MB100 ........................................................2-14
2-9 Rear Panel of ECL-to-TTL Translator “Pod” for MB100 .........................................................2-14
2-10 Front Panel of TTL-to-ECL Translator “Pod” for MB100 ......................................................2-15
2-11 Rear Panel of TTL-to-ECL Translator “Pod” for MB100 .......................................................2-15
2-12 Setup of MB100 Tx, Rx, ECL-to-TTL converter and TTL-to-ECL converter. .......................2-16
2-13 MB100 Tx to UUT Input .........................................................................................................2-19
2-14 Custom - Inputs and Outputs....................................................................................................2-19
3-1
3-2
3-3
3-4
3-5
3-6
viii
Direct Clock Input - Coupling Selections ..................................................................................3-17
Connection diagram (Tx, Rx, ECL-to-TTL and TTL-to-ECL pods) .........................................3-45
BER Test Circuit........................................................................................................................3-51
Connections - Serial and Parallel Test Sets................................................................................3-56
Fiber Channel Link and Multiplexer Testing .............................................................................3-56
Testing Analog/Digital Converters.............................................................................................3-57
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General Safety Summary
Review the following safety precautions to avoid injury and prevent damage to
this product or any equipment connected to it.
Only Tektronix-trained personnel should perform maintenance and service
procedures on the MB100. Never remove the covers or disassemble the unit
without confirmation from a Tektronix factory authorized representative.
Safety Instructions
W A R N I N G ! Read and Follow all of these Safety Instructions.
Failure to do so can cause injury to the user and damage the instrument.
AC Power
The AC power connector on the rear panel of the MB100 accepts 115 VAC
input.
Ground the Instrument
The MB100 is grounded through its AC LINE connector. Always power the
MB100 using a three-conductor power cord that is plugged into a grounded,
three-conductor outlet. If you operate the MB100 without a proper ground then
all metal surfaces of the instrument can become potential shock hazards.
Use the Proper Fuse
Always replace the MB100 AC LINE fuse using the procedure and fuse rating
specified. A 5 AMP SLOBLO fuse is used for the MB100. Operating the
instrument with an improper fuse will create a fire hazard.
Do Not Operate in an Explosive Atmosphere
The MB100 does not provide protection from static discharges or arcing
components and therefore must not be operated in an explosive atmosphere.
Do Not Remove Instrument Covers
To avoid a shock hazard and to maintain proper air flow, never operate the
MB100 with any of its outside covers removed.
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ix
Safety Terms and Symbols
Paragraphs or sections in this document that contain important safety information
will be identified by either a WARNING or a CAUTION label in the left hand
margin. These labels are explained below:
Icon
Label
Meaning
WARNING!
Indicates a safety practice that must be followed
to avoid possible injury to the user and possible
damage to the instrument.
CAUTION!
Indicates a safety practice that must be followed
to prevent possible damage to the MB100 or
other instruments used with the MB100.
Product Labels
These terms may appear on the product:
A yellow label indicates DANGER of an injury hazard immediately accessible as
you read the marking.
A WARNING label indicates an injury hazard not immediately accessible as you
read the marking.
CAUTION: indicates a hazard to propriety including the product.
Product Symbols
The following symbols may appear on the product:
YELLOW
LABEL
Indicates
DANGER
x
Indicates
ATTENTION
Refer to Manual
MB100 User Manual
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Preface
This manual describes how to use the Tektronix MB100 Test Set. This manual is
intended for telecommunications engineers and technicians with more than two
years of experience working with telecommunications and data communications
equipment networks.
How This Manual is Organized
This manual is divided into four sections: Getting Started, Operating Basics,
Reference, and Appendices.
Getting Started provides an overview of the MB100 and describes first time
operation.
Operating Basics describes the hardware controls, indicators, connectors, and
display elements for Tx, Rx, the ECL-to-TTL converter, the TTL-to-ECL
converter and the cabling required.
Reference describes the LCD Menus and Screens. It also provides a
representative sample of Applications.
The Appendices provide a listing of specifications.
Conventions
This manual uses the following conventions:
•
The names of front-panel controls and menus appear in all upper case letters,
for example, TRANSMIT and HELP.
•
Names appear in the same case in this manual as they appear on the display
screens of the MB100.
•
Within a procedure, a specific button to be pressed or a parameter to be
selected appears in boldface print.
Some procedures require several iterations of highlighting parameters and
selecting choices. Some procedures may require more than one menu button or
menu page selection as well.
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xi
Related Manuals
The following document is also available for the MB100:
•
The MB100 Multi-Channel BER Tester Programmer Manual (Tektronix part
number 070-9476-00) describes how to control the MB100 using an
instrument controller.
Certifications and Compliances
CSA Certified Power Cords
CSA Certification includes the products and power cords appropriate for use in
the North America power network. All other power cords supplied are approved
for the country of use.
xii
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Getting Started
This chapter describes the MB100 Multi-Channel BER Tester and provides a
list of standard and optional accessories.
The MB100 consists of the MB100T (Transmitter) and the MB100R (Receiver).
There is also the MB100TT ECL-to-TTL Translator “pod” and the MB100RT
TTL-to-ECL Translator “pod”. This entire system is a fully-programmable
pattern generator and error detector used for parallel stimulus and testing. An
external clock source is required, either a word clock at the channel rate (direct
clock) or an aggregate clock which the MB100 will divide down.
In addition, this section explains how to operate the MB100 for the first time,
and verifying that the Rx and Tx are operating properly.
1-1
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Product Description
Product Description
MB100T
MB100R
Data Entry
MB100 RX
C
D
E
F
8
9
A
B
4
5
6
7
0
1
2
3
+/- -
MB100 TX
Data Entry
C
D
E
F
8
9
A
B
4
5
6
7
0
1
2
3
Enter ESC
F1 F2
+/- -
Enter ESC
F1 F2
Error Analyzer
Power
Outputs
SYNCRONIZED
RUN/STOP
ON
OFF
ERROR STATUS
SYNC
LOSS
Power
Inputs
Outputs
WORD
ERROR
ON
OFF
CLOCK
LOSS
POWER LOSS
HISTORY
RESET
Clock Outputs
Clock Inputs
Clock Outputs
Word SYNC
Word Clock
Prescale
Clock
Word SYNC
Word Clock
Word Clock/2
Channel Monitor
Rx Front Panel
Direct
Clock
Tx Front Panel
Figure 1-1 Front Panels of MB100
The MB100R is a portable or rackmount receiver/error analyzer capable of
receiving up to 32 parallel data channels in excess of 110 Megabits per second
per channel.
The MB100T is a portable or rackmount transmitter/pattern generator capable of
transmitting parallel data word patterns. These patterns, used for bit-by-bit
comparison, are programmable in length up to 65,536 bits per channel.
Typical of test sets used for communications testing, the capability of this system
includes: error detection for each channel individually, bit error rate calculation,
and input timing delay control.
An additional function for this tester is an aggregate error accumulation
calculation and display. Also, each individual channel can be inhibited at the
receiver input. Inhibiting a channel will allow automatic parallel data
synchronization to occur using all other channels.
1-2
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Product Description
Overview
The MB100 is a parallel Bit-Error-Rate-Tester (BERT) designed to be a fullyintegrated test solution for high reliability bus-oriented subsystems or
components requiring low bit-error rate performance as well as problem isolation
for both engineering and manufacturing.
The MB100 consists of the MB100T (Transmitter) and the MB100R (Receiver).
There is also the MB100TT ECL-to-TTL Translator “pod” and the MB100RT
TTL-to-ECL Translator “pod”. This entire system is a fully-programmable
pattern generator and error detector used for parallel stimulus and testing.
An external clock source is required, either a word clock at the channel rate
(direct clock) or an aggregate clock that the MB100 will divide down. The
MB100 does NOT operate with a gapped clock. It requires a continuous clock,
and the minimum clock frequency is 50 kHz.
The MB100 Tx and MB100 Rx are separate standalone instruments providing
full flexibility in both parallel pattern generation and error-detection. Either
system is expandable up to 32-channels per unit.
The MB100 is an ideal tool to be used in parallel interface circuits. User
applications may include:
•
Fiber Channel, HPPI, SDH, Fast Ethernet, Gigabit Ethernet;
•
High speed communications bus device testing;
•
Serial to Parallel Conversion Devices;
•
Parallel to Serial Conversion Devices.
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1-3
Product Description
Features and Capabilities
MB100T
•
High speed clock input prescaler (external clock required)
•
Up to 3.5 gigabits of aggregate data rate (up to 32 channels times
110 Mbits/sec)
•
Single and error-rate injection
•
Channel monitor front panel output
•
High-quality differential ECL outputs (optional)
•
Optional ECL-to-TTL translator pod
MB100R
•
Automatic Parallel Data Synchronization
•
Programmable Error Thresholds for Resynchronization
•
Error Total/ Rate Calculations on a Per Channel and Aggregate Basis
•
Channel Masking Feature for Unused Channel(s)
•
High-quality differential ECL inputs (optional)
•
Optional TTL-to-ECL translator pod
Both Tx and Rx
1-4
•
Monitor and capture each and every bit on each and every channel (not
statistical process)
•
Clock delay adjustment of +/- 2 nanoseconds (ns) per channel in 100
picosecond (ps) increments, plus inversion
•
GPIB and RS-232 operation
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Product Description
Configuration Examples
Simplified diagrams illustrating different MB100 configurations follow.
Loopback Cable
Tx
MB100
Tx
ECL
to
TTL
POD
Rx
Clock
Data 10
Clock
Device Under Test
(DUT)
Data 10
Control
TTL
to
ECL
POD
MB100
Rx
Pre-scale Clock In
Control
Clock Source
1.4 GHz max
Figure 1-2 Typical Connection for testing Parallel-to-Parallel Interfaces
MB100 Tx
16, 24, or 32
Channel ECL
Single Ended
MB100 Rx
16, 24, or 32
Channel ECL
Single Ended
MB100 Extender Cable
16-Channel S/E
24-Channel S/E
32-Channel S/E
Figure 1-3 Single -Ended ECL Configurations, 16-, 24-, or 32-Channel Self-Test Application
The MB100 Extender Cable is a standard accessory, depending on the number and type of channels ordered.
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1-5
Product Description
MB100 Tx
16, 24, or 32
Channel ECL
Single Ended
DUT
Custom Cable by customer
or optional MB100 Device Cable
16-Channel S/E
24-Channel S/E
32-Channel S/E
MB100 Rx
16, 24, or 32
Channel ECL
Single Ended
Custom Cable by customer
or optional MB100 Device Cable
16-Channel S/E
24-Channel S/E
32-Channel S/E
Figure 1-4 Single -Ended ECL Configurations, 16-, 24-, or 32-Channel, Device Testing
Application
MB100 Tx
16, 24, or 32
Channel ECL
Differential
MB100 Rx
16, 24, or 32
Channel ECL
Differential
MB100 Extender Cable
16-Channel DIFF
24-Channel DIFF
32-Channel DIFF
Figure 1-5 Differential ECL Configurations, 16-, 24- or 32-Channel, Self-Test Application
1-6
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Product Description
MB100 Tx
16, 24, or 32
Channel ECL
Differential
MB100 Rx
16, 24, or 32
Channel ECL
Differential
DUT
Custom Cable by customer
or optional MB100 Device Cable
16-Channel DIFF
24-Channel DIFF
32-Channel DIFF
Custom Cable by customer
or optional MB100 Device Cable
16-Channel DIFF
24-Channel DIFF
32-Channel DIFF
Figure 1-6 Differential ECL Configurations, 16-, 24- or 32-Channel, Device Testing
Application
MB100 Tx
16, 24, or 32
Channel ECL
Single Ended
S/E ECL
to TTL
XLTR
MB100 Extender Cable
16-Channel S/E
24-Channel S/E
32-Channel S/E
Clock
Clock
UUT
Data
Use SMA to SMA
barrels for self-test
SSMB to SMACables
TTL to
S/E ECL
XLTR
Data
MB100 Rx
16, 24, or 32
Channel ECL
Single Ended
MB100 Extender Cable
16-Channel S/E
24-Channel S/E
32-Channel S/E
SSMB to SMA Cables
Figure 1-7 TTL Translators for Single-Ended ECL Configurations, 16-, 24- or 32-Channel,
Device Testing Application
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1-7
Product Description
MB100 Tx
16 or 24
Channel ECL
Differential
DIFF ECL
to TTL
XLTR
MB100 Extender Cable
16-Channel DIFF
24-Channel DIFF
Clock
Clock
UUT
Data
Data
MB100 Rx
16 or 24
Channel ECL
Differential
MB100 Extender Cable
16-Channel DIFF
24-Channel DIFF
Use SMA to SMA
barrels for self-test
SSMB to SMA Cables
TTL to
DIFF ECL
XLTR
SSMB to SMA Cables
Figure 1-8 TTL Translators for Differential ECL Configurations, 16- or 24-Channel,
Device Testing Application
1-8
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Product Description
Accessories
Standard accessories are included with the MB100 BER Tester. If you wish to
purchase optional accessories or additional standard accessories, see the
Tektronix products catalog or contact your local Tektronix field representative.
Standard Accessories
•
•
•
•
•
Power cable, Tektronix part number.
MB100 Multi-Channel BER Tester User Manual, Tektronix part number
070-9783-01
MB100 Multi-Channel BER Tester Programmer Manual, Tektronix part
number
070-9476-01
Instrument Front Cover, Tektronix part number
Extender (Loopback) cable - five different configurations (for self-test) (see
table below)
Optional Accessories
•
•
•
Rackmount. Tektronix part number 016-1464-00.
Device cable - five different configurations (see table below)
SSMB cables - terminated SSMB male and SMA male. (Ten of these cables
with ten barrels (SMA-SMA Female) are standard with the MB100TT and
MB100 RT)
There are five configurations to choose from, depending on application and
system needs:
1. as a Pair - Transmitter and Receiver;
2. as a Transmitter only;
3. as a Receiver only;
4. ECL-to-TTL translator only; or,
5. TTL-to-ECL translator only.
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1-9
Product Description
Ordering information including cables
Nomenclature
MB100
Opt. 10
Opt. 11
Opt. 20
Opt. 21
Opt. 22
Opt. 30
Opt. 31
Opt. 2M
Description
Multi-channel 16-channel single-ended BERT
16-channel differential
16-channel MB100 ECL to TTL translators
24-channel single-ended
24-channel differential
24-channel MB100 ECL to TTL translators
32-channel singe-ended
32-channel MB100 ECL to TTL translators
Rack mounts -2
Nomenclature
MB100T
Description
Multi-channel 16-channel single-ended BERT
Transmitter (Extender cable not included)
16-channel differential
16-channel MB100 ECL to TTL translator
24-channel single-ended
24-channel differential
24-channel MB100 ECL to TTL translator
32-channel singe-ended
32-channel MB100 ECL to TTL translator
Rack mount
Opt. 10
Opt. 11
Opt. 20
Opt. 21
Opt. 22
Opt. 30
Opt. 31
Opt. 1M
Nomenclature
MB100R
Opt. 10
Opt. 11
Opt. 20
Opt. 21
Opt. 22
Opt. 30
Opt. 31
Opt. 1M
1-10
Description
Multichannel 16-channel single-ended BERT
Receiver (Extender cable not included)
16-channel differential
16-channel MB100 TTL to ECL translator
24-channel single-ended
24-channel differential
24-channel MB100 TTL to ECL translator
32-channel singe-ended
32-channel MB100 TTL to ECL translator
Rack mount
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Product Description
Nomenclature
MB100TT
Opt. 11
Opt. 22
Opt. 31
Nomenclature
MB100RT
Opt. 11
Opt. 22
Opt. 31
Description
ECL to TTL translator (Included ten SSMB-SMA
cables with barrel adapters, and extender cable)
(based on MB100 options)
16-channel MB100 ECL to TTL translators
24-channel MB100 ECL to TTL translators
32-channel MB100 ECL to TTL translators
Description
TTL to ECL translator (Included ten SSMB-SMA
cables with barrel adapters, and extender cable)
(based on MB100 options)
16-channel MB100 TTL to ECL translators
24-channel MB100 TTL to ECL translators
32-channel MB100 TTL to ECL translators
Cables now included with all configurations
The necessary cables will now be included with the MB100 (Tx/Rx pair) units
depending on the order configuration. Below is a listing of the cables that may
be ordered through Tektronix as 9-digit part numbers.
P/N
012-1523-00
012-1515-00
012-1524-00
012-1525-00
TBD
TBD
012-1526-00
012-1527-00
012-1529-00
012-1528-00
Description
Extender - 16 Channel Single-ended
Extender - 16 Channel Differential
Extender - 24 Channel Single-ended
Extender - 24 Channel Differential
Extender - 32 Channel Single-ended
Device - 16 Channel Single-ended
Device - 16 Channel Differential
Device - 24 Channel Single-ended
Device - 24 Channel Differential
Device - 32 Channel Single-ended
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1-11
First Time Operation
First Time Operation
Turning On the MB100
The AC power connector on the rear panel of the unit accepts 115 VAC input
only. The Transmitter comes with a three-conductor AC power cord. Do not plug
the cord into any outlet other than an approved three-contact electrical output.
To turn on the Transmitter and/or Receiver, press the ON/OFF switch in the
lower left-hand corner of the front panel.
The Transmitter and Receiver are designed to be mounted on a flat surface. You
may mount the unit at an angle by either adjusting the front feet or rotating the
carrying handle. To change the handle's orientation:
1. Press in both handle-locking buttons.
2. Rotate to desired angle.
3. Release the handle-locking buttons. The handle clicks into a locked position.
4. Make sure the handle is locked before placing the transmitter on the work
surface.
1-12
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First Time Operation
Verifying the Proper Operation of the MB100
This procedure will verify that the MB100 Transmitter is operating properly. An
external clock source, the MB100 Receiver, the multiconductor interconnect
cable (SSMB), and a slot-head screwdriver is required to perform this
verification.
External
Clock
Source
Rx
Tx
Extender Cable
Figure 1-9 Block Diagram of Setup
Equipment List
External Clock Source (GB700 or GB1400 or other)
MB100 Tx
MB100 Rx
Extender cable (standard with MB100)
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1-13
First Time Operation
Cable Connection
To interconnect the systems, attach the multiconductor cable to the rear panel of
the Transmitter as follows:
Locate the top side of the multipin cable. The top side of the cable connector is
closest to the number 1 pin (as labeled on the connector face). See illustration
below. To the left is the pinout of the multiconductor cable. To the right is the
rear panel of the MB100.
CHAN 1 TRUE
1T
CHAN 1 COMPLEMENT
2C
1C
5C
4C
7T
10C
16T
22C
CLOCK COMPLEMENT
SYNC COMPLEMENT
23T
24C
25C
27T
26T
27C
28C
30T
31T
115 VAC
20T
21C
24T
28T
32C
18C
19C
22T
22
29C
17T
16C
25T
26C
14T
15C
21T
23C
Model No:
Serial No.
Options
12C
18T
19T
20C
11T
13C
15T
17C
CLOCK TRUE
9C
12T
13T
14C
8T
7C
9T
10T
11C
5T
6C
6T
8C
2T
3C
3T
4T
29T
FUSE
30C
31C
32T
SYNC TRUE
CLOCK/2
COMPLEMENT
CLOCK/2 TRUE
Differential Data and Clock Outputs
Figure 1-10 Multiconductor pinout (left); Multiconductor connection on Rear Panel (right)
1. Place this side facing the top of the Transmitter onto the mating connector
on the rear panel of the MB100 Transmitter. The four jackscrews should be
lined up and just touching the mating jackscrew receptacle.
2. Using the slot head screwdriver carefully, turn each jackscrew
approximately 1/2 to 1 revolution, repeating, in rotation, until all our
jackscrews are fully seated. Do not over-tighten the jackscrews as this may
loosen the internal connection that mounts the connector to the rear panel. It
is normal for a slight space to remain between the connector faces after the
jackscrews seat.
3. Repeat the previous steps 2 through 3 to connect the other end of the cable to
the MB100 receiver.
4. Turn on the systems. Each will power up with a screen indicating the present
system software version along with the company logo. The system's main
menu will be displayed on each unit.
1-14
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First Time Operation
Clock Source Connection
1. Apply the external clock source to the direct clock input using a 50 ohm
BNC cable. Set the clock source to 1 MHz, 1 volt peak-to-peak. If you are
using the GB1400 as an external clock source, connect the cable to the clock
input and set the amplitude to 1 V, offset of -0V.
2. At the Main Menu screen, use the arrow keys located in the Data Entry
section of the Transmitter front panel to scroll the menu cursor down to the
line labeled CLOCK INPUT OPTIONS. Press the ENTER key above the
arrow keys, this will display a menu that allows you to pick the external
DIRECT or PRESCALED clock inputs.
3. Press the softkey located below the LCD screen directly under the DIRECT
CLOCK selection if it is not already highlighted.
4. Next, pick the input clock termination by moving the cursor down to the
clock termination line. Press the softkey below the AC termination selection
if it is not already highlighted.
Pattern Selection (PRBS 27 - 1)
1. Press the ESC key on the transmitter.
2. Move the cursor to the PATTERN EDIT/ DISPLAY line.
3. Press the ENTER key.
4. Move the cursor to the ACTIVE PATTERN = NVRAM0 and press the
ENTER key. The output memory buffer area is now using one of two
editable locations for pattern storage.
5. Move the cursor up to the EDIT ACTIVE PATTERN line and press the
ENTER key.
6. Press the ENTER DATA softkey, the softkeys will be replaced with a set of
pattern editing function keys for pre-defined patterns.
7. Press the softkey under FILL W/PR-7. After one second, the display will
show the first seven address and data words. The buffer has been loaded
with a pseudorandom sequence of length 127 bits. This pattern resides in a
low-speed battery-backed buffer RAM and has been transferred
automatically to the high speed ECL system output RAM.
8. Repeat the pattern editing steps on the MB100 Receiver.
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1-15
First Time Operation
Verify Error-Free Operation
1. At this point, the Receiver should be operating error-free. No red LED lights
should be lit on the front panel of the Receiver (Yellow LED lights indicate
the history of an event.) Press the Receiver’s RUN/STOP key on the front
panel, the green LED in the switch should be unlit, indicating that the unit is
not collecting more data and values of collected data is frozen in all displays.
2. Press the RUN/STOP key again. The green LED in the switch should be lit,
indicating that the unit is running, collecting and analyzing incoming data.
This action also clears all error counts and restarts the integration period of a
new test.
Single-Error Inject on Each Channel for Continuity Check
1. Press the ESC key repeatedly on the transmitter until the Main Menu is
displayed. Move the cursor to the ERROR INJECTION selection and press
the ENTER key. Press the ENTER key again to display the single error
inject menu.
2. Press the ESC key on the Receiver until the Main Menu is displayed. Move
the cursor to the MEASUREMENT menu choice and press the ENTER key.
A menu is displayed that is the aggregate of all received channels. An
average frequency is also displayed, it should indicate the average frequency
since the start of the test (approximately 1.000E+6 Hz). Press the softkey
below the CHAN 1-8 function. This will display the error count and rate of
each individual channel. At this time, the counts should read zero.
3. On the Transmitter, press the softkey below the ERROR INJECT function.
A brief message will be displayed on the transmitter indicating the error was
injected. The receiver's error count for channel one should display 1 and the
word error LED should light for about 1/2 second (the yellow history LED
should remain lighted indicating a word error event had occurred.)
4. Move the highlighted box on the Transmitter to channel 2 with the cursor
and press the ERROR INJECT key again. Channel 2's error count should be
1 at this point. Press the Receiver's AGGREGATE DISPLAY softkey. The
count total should be 2, with 2 errored seconds recorded.
5. Repeat the above sequence for all installed channels. If any channel does not
record an error check, the PER CHANNEL ENABLE menus for error
injection on the Transmitter and error collection on the Receiver.
This completes the verification of the MB100 Transmitter and Receiver.
1-16
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Operating Basics
This chapter describes the MB100 Multi-Channel BER Tester hardware
controls, indicators, connectors, and display elements for the Tx, the Rx, the
ECL-to-TTL converter, the TTL-to-ECL converter and the cabling required.
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2-1
Controls, Indicators and Connectors
Controls, Indicators and Connectors
Tx Front Panel
MB100 TX
Data Entry
C
D
E
F
8
9
A
B
4
5
6
7
0
1
2
3
+/- -
Inputs
Power
Enter ESC
F1 F2
Outputs
ON
OFF
Clock Inputs
Clock Outputs
Prescale
Clock
Word SYNC
Word Clock
Word Clock/2
Channel Monitor
Direct
Clock
Figure 2-1 Tx Front Panel of MB100
Multiline LCD Display
Numeric Keypad (Data Entry) - To the right of LCD display is a hexadecimal
keypad used for data entry in applicable sub-menus. There is also a +/- key, a
decimal key, and auxiliary F1 and F2 keys.
Cursor Keys - To the right of numeric keypad is a set of four cursor control
keys. The UP and DOWN keys are used to move vertically in each menu. The
left and right keys move selected fields in certain submenus.
2-2
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Controls, Indicators and Connectors
ENTER, ESC Keys - The ENTER key is used to access sub-menus. The ESC
key is used to move up a single level from a sub-menu towards the MAIN
MENU. The ESC key also cancels data entry.
Softkeys - Beneath the multiline LCD display is five softkeys. The function
provided by each of the keys is displayed for appropriate menus. The pressing of
a softkey will activate the function associated with it.
Tx Input Connectors
Two connectors are used to input external clocks. One external clock directly
drives the system clock, the other is input to an internal prescaler before driving
the system clock.
Direct Clock - A single BNC connector is used for inputting the system word
clock at the channel rate. Two terminations are menu-selectable, AC coupled 50
ohms and TTL 50 ohms.
Prescaled Clock - A single 50 ohm SMA connector for inputting a high-speed
aggregate clock to a prescaler. This clock is internally divided and used to drive
the system pattern generators. The divider values are menu-scalable - values
allowed are 4, 8, 10, 12, 16, 20, 24, and 32. The prescaler is particularly useful
for testing devices that provide a multiplexed output.
Tx Output Connectors
Four connectors provide a SYNC output, word clock output, word clock output
divided by 2, and a channel monitor output.
Word SYNC - A single low pulse is output once per pattern cycle. When
terminated into 50 ohms, the output will provide 2.0 +/- 0.5 volt referenced to
ground.
Word Clock - An ECL-compatible clock output is provided from a BNC jack.
An internal 510 ohm to -5.2 volt pulldown is provided to allow viewing on an
oscilloscope.
Word Clock/2 - An ECL-compatible half-rate clock is provided from a BNC
jack. An internal 510 ohm to -5.2 volt pulldown is provided to allow viewing on
an oscilloscope.
Channel Monitor - An ECL-compatible copy of an individual channel is copied
to the front panel BNC jack. The channel to be output is selected in the
CHANNEL MONITOR sub-menu. An internal 510 ohm to -5.2 volt pulldown is
provided to allow viewing on an oscilloscope.
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2-3
Controls, Indicators and Connectors
Tx Rear Panel
Multiple Unit SYNC In/Out
EXT SYNC
INPUT
WORD SYNC
OUTPUT
Remote Control Ports
AUX
RS232
GPIB
Model No:
Serial No.
Options
115 VAC
FUSE
Differential Data and Clock Outputs
AC Power Input
Figure 2-2 Tx Rear Panel of MB100
Tx Parallel Data Output Connector - An ECL-differential pair (option) is
provided on 50 ohm RG178 coaxial cable for each channel output as well as
SYNC output, clock output, and clock/2 output. Each output is pulled down at
the source by 270 ohms to -5.2 volts. The differential termination should be 100
ohms resistive. An differential line receiver is recommended for optimum
performance. The connector housing is an AMP-type 20131101, each contact is
an AMP 226537-2 receptacle pin. The mating connector is an AMP-type
201310-1 housing with an AMP-type 51565-2 pin. (A diagram of the pinout
follows on the next page.)
GPIB - Standard D-type 24-pin GPIB connector. All signals and pins conform to
standard GPIB pin-out protocol.
RS-232 - Standard 25-pin female D-type connector. Unit is configured as an RS232 Data Circuit Terminating Equipment (DCE).
SYNC Output (Option) - A SYNC output is provided that allows two MB100
Transmitters to be connected together. This output is a single-logic low pulse,
one bit wide, that synchronizes the word generators. The level is ECL, a 50 ohm,
-2VDC termination is supplied by the SYNC INPUT.
2-4
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Controls, Indicators and Connectors
SYNC Input (Option) - A single SYNC input is provided for connecting
multiple transmitters together. A single active low pulse causes the transmitter's
address generator to restart. Input level required is ECL, internally terminated 50
ohms to -2VDC. This input is compatible with the SYNC output on the MB100
rear panel. A single 3-foot maximum, RG58 coaxial cable can be used to connect
the SYNC output of a master transmitter to a SYNC input of a receiver.
AMP 201301-1
CHAN 1 TRUE
1T
CHAN 1 COMPLEMENT
Notes:
1. All pins are coaxial.
2. Connector does not
use numbers 6,9,19,61,68,69,81
3. Configurations :
16-, 24- or 32-channel
single-ended; 16- or 24channel differential
4. Clock, Clock/2 and SYNC
Complement only in
differential configurations
12
18
25
31
37
5
3C
7
8
4T
10
4C
11
5T
5C
13
6T
14
6C
15
7T
16
7C
17
8C
20
9T
21
9C
22
10T
23
10C
24
26
12T
27
12C
28
13T
29
13C
30
14C
32
15T
33
15C
34
16T
35
16C
36
17C
38
18T
39
18C
19T
41
19C
42
44
21T
45
21C
22T
22
47
22C
48
50
24T
51
24C
25T
53
25C
54
56
27T
57
27C
28T
59
28C
60
63
30T
64
30C
31T
66
31C
67
11C
20C
23C
26C
58
62
29C
65
CLOCK TRUE
70
SYNC COMPLEMENT
32C
71
73
CLOCK COMPLEMENT
2T
3T
52
55
2
4
46
49
1C
2C
40
43
1
76
8T
11T
14T
17T
20T
23T
26T
29T
32T
72
74
77
79
3
SYNC TRUE
75
78
80
82
CLOCK/2
COMPLEMENT
CLOCK/2 TRUE
Figure 2-3 Tx Rear Panel Differential Output Connector Pinout
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2-5
Controls, Indicators and Connectors
MB100 Tx Rear Panel Differential Output Connector Pinout Description
AMP
MB100
Signal Description
Pin
Signal
(Tx signals are outputs, Rx signals are inputs
1
1T
Channel 1 True
2
1C
Channel 1 Compliment (differential systems only)
3
2C
Channel 2 True
4
2T
Channel 2 Compliment (differential systems only)
5
3T
Channel 3 True
7
3C
Channel 3 Compliment (differential systems only)
8
4T
Channel 4 True
10
4C
Channel 4 Compliment (differential systems only)
11
5T
Channel 5 True
12
5C
Channel 5 Compliment (differential systems only)
13
6T
Channel 6 True
14
6C
Channel 6 Compliment (differential systems only)
15
7T
Channel 7 True
16
7C
Channel 7 Compliment (differential systems only)
17
8T
Channel 8 True
18
8C
Channel 8 Compliment (differential systems only)
20
9T
Channel 9 True
21
9C
Channel 9 Compliment (differential systems only)
22
10T
Channel 10 True
23
10C
Channel 10 Compliment (differential systems only)
24
11T
Channel 11 True
25
11C
Channel 11 Compliment (differential systems only)
26
12T
Channel 12 True
27
12C
Channel 12 Compliment (differential systems only)
28
13T
Channel 13 True
29
13C
Channel 13 Compliment (differential systems only)
30
14T
Channel 14 True
31
14C
Channel 14 Compliment (differential systems only)
32
15T
Channel 15 True
33
15C
Channel 15 Compliment (differential systems only)
34
16T
Channel 16 True
35
16C
Channel 16 Compliment (differential systems only)
36
17T
Channel 17 True
37
17C
Channel 17 Compliment (differential systems only)
38
18T
Channel 18 True
39
18C
Channel 18 Compliment (differential systems only)
40
19T
Channel 19 True
41
19C
Channel 19 Compliment (differential systems only)
42
20T
Channel 20 True
43
20C
Channel 20 Compliment (differential systems only)
44
21T
Channel 21 True
45
21C
Channel 21 Compliment (differential systems only)
46
22T
Channel 22 True
47
22C
Channel 22 Compliment (differential systems only)
48
23T
Channel 23 True
49
23C
Channel 23 Compliment (differential systems only)
50
24T
Channel 24 True
51
24C
Channel 24 Compliment (differential systems only)
52
25T
Channel 25 True
53
no differential signal available for >24 channels
2-6
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Controls, Indicators and Connectors
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
62
63
64
65
66
67
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
26T
27T
28T
29T
30T
31T
32T
CLOCK
TRUE
CLOCK
COMP
SYNC TRUE
SYNC
COMP
CLOCK/2
TRUE
CLOCK/2
COMP
Channel 26 True
no differential signal available for >24 channels
Channel 1 True
no differential signal available for >24 channels
Channel 28 True
no differential signal available for >24 channels
Channel 29 True
no differential signal available for >24 channels
Channel 30 True
no differential signal available for >24 channels
Channel 31 True
no differential signal available for >24 channels
Channel 32 True
no differential signal available for >24 channels
Clock True
Clock Compliment (differential systems only)
Sync True
Sync Compliment (differential systems only)
Clock/2 True
Clock/2 True (differential systems only)
79
80
82
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2-7
Controls, Indicators and Connectors
Rx Front Panel
Data Entry
MB100 RX
C
D
E
F
8
9
A
B
4
5
6
7
0
1
2
3
+/- -
Enter ESC
F1 F2
Error Analyzer
Outputs
Power
SYNCRONIZED
RUN/STOP
ON
OFF
ERROR STATUS
SYNC
LOSS
WORD
ERROR
CLOCK
LOSS
POWER LOSS
HISTORY
RESET
Clock Outputs
Word SYNC
Word Clock
Figure 2-4 Rx Front Panel of MB100
Multiline LCD Display
Numeric Keypad (Data Entry) - To the right of LCD display is a hexadecimal
keypad used for data entry in applicable sub-menus. There is also a +/- key, a
decimal key, and auxiliary F1 and F2 keys.
Cursor Keys - To the right of numeric keypad is a set of four cursor control
keys. The UP and DOWN keys are used to move vertically in each menu. The
left and right keys move selected fields in certain submenus.
ENTER, ESC Keys - The ENTER key is used to access sub-menus. The ESC
key is used to move up a single level from a sub-menu towards the MAIN
MENU. The ESC key also cancels data entry.
Softkeys - Beneath the multiline LCD display is five softkeys. The function
provided by each of the keys is displayed for appropriate menus. The pressing of
a softkey will activate the function associated with it.
2-8
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Controls, Indicators and Connectors
Rx Output Connectors
One connector provides a copy of the system word clock as an ECL output. The
other connector provides a pattern sync output.
Word SYNC - A single low pulse is output once per pattern cycle. When
terminated into 50 ohms, the output will provide 2.0 +/- 0.5 volt referenced to
ground.
Word Clock - An ECL-compatible clock output is provided from a BNC jack.
An internal 510 ohm to -5.2 volt pulldown is provided to allow viewing on an
oscilloscope. In general, a 50 ohm to -2 volt external termination should be
provided for other uses of this clock.
Rx Error Analyzer
On the Rx front panel, on the lower right side, is a group of LED lights that
indicate the Error Status detected by the Rx test set. Also located in this section
of the front panel is the RUN/STOP button and a green LED to indicate data
synchronization.
Error Status
What this means
Red LED
Yellow
LED
SYNC Loss
Errors have exceeded the
threshold rate set in the DATA
SYNCHRONIZATION submenu
from the Rx Main Menu.
Current
error
History
error
Word Error
A bit error on any active channel
has been detected.
Current
error
History
error
Clock Loss
Loss of the input clock to the Rx
(NO CLOCK) will light up the error
LED.
Current
error
History
error
Power Loss
This LED lights up whenever the
Rx recovers from being turned off
or losing power.
History
error
only
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2-9
Controls, Indicators and Connectors
SYNCHRONIZED LED
When the green LED below the label SYNCHRONIZED is lit, the internal data
pattern is aligned with the received data pattern.
RUN/STOP
A test is started when the RUN/STOP key on the Front Panel is cycled from Stop
to Run (the green LED is lighted in the switch.) The transition from STOP to
RUN clears all error counts and totals.
2-10
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Controls, Indicators and Connectors
Rx Rear Panel
Word Error Output
Remote Inputs and Printer Support
PRINTER
RZ ERROR
RS232
GPIB
Model No:
Serial No.
Options
115 VAC
FUSE
Differential Data and Clock Outputs
AC Power Input
Figure 2-5 Rx Rear Panel of MB100
Rx Parallel Data Output Connector - An ECL-differential pair (option) is
provided on 50 ohm RG178 coaxial cable for each channel output as well as
clock output.
Each output is pulled down at the source by 270 ohms to -5.2 volts. The
differential termination should be 100 ohms resistive. An differential line
receiver is recommended for optimum performance.
The connector housing is an AMP-type 20131101, each contact is an AMP
226537-2 receptacle pin. The mating connector is an AMP-type 201310-1
housing with an AMP-type 51565-2 pin. (A diagram of the pinout follows on the
next page.)
GPIB - Standard D-type 24-pin GPIB connector. All signals and pins conform to
standard GPIB pin-out protocol.
RS-232 - Standard 25-pin female D-type connector. Unit is configured as an
RS-232 Data Circuit Terminating Equipment (DCE).
Printer - Standard 25-pin female D-type connector. This connection exists for a
future enhancement. It is not functional in this version.
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2-11
Controls, Indicators and Connectors
RZ Error Output - An RZ word error output is provided. This output is a
single-logic, high-pulse, one-half-bit wide for each word input that contains an
error on any enabled channel. The level is ECL, a 50 ohm, -2 VDC termination
is required. Note: For a cross-reference to connector pin numbering, refer to the
Pinout Description on page 2-6.
CHAN 1 TRUE
1T
CHAN 1 COMPLEMENT
2C
1C
5C
Notes:
1. All pins are coaxial.
2. Connector does not
use numbers 6,9,19,61,68,69,81
3. Configurations :
16-, 24- or 32-channel
single-ended; 16- or 24channel differential
4. Clock, Clock/2 and SYNC
Complement only in
differential configurations
4C
7T
8C
10T
9C
13T
12C
13C
15T
16T
17C
18C
19C
22T
22
22C
25T
25C
28T
26T
27C
28C
30T
31T
23T
24C
27T
29C
20T
21C
24T
26C
17T
16C
21T
23C
14T
15C
18T
20C
11T
10C
12T
14C
8T
7C
9T
11C
5T
6C
6T
19T
CLOCK TRUE
3C
3T
4T
2T
29T
30C
31C
32T
32C
CLOCK COMPLEMENT
Figure 2-6 Rx Rear Panel Differential Output Connector Pinout
2-12
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Controls, Indicators and Connectors
Changing the Line Fuse
1. Disconnect the AC line cord.
Model No:
Serial No.
Options
115 VAC
FUSE
AC Power Input
Figure 2-7 Rear Panel of MB100 showing AC Power Input
2. Slide the fuse cover upwards and remove the fuse.
3. Install the correct line fuse (5 AMP SLOBLO) into the holder.
4. Close the fuse cover.
5. Plug in the line cord.
Allow at least two inches of clearance for the rear panel fan opening and at least
one inch of clearance for the top-mounted ventilation slots. This assures proper
cooling of the unit. Do not operate the transmitter on its rear side.
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2-13
ECL-to-TTL Translator
ECL-to-TTL Translator
The MB100 outputs ECL (Emitter Coupled Logic) and inputs ECL. In order to
output to a TTL (Transistor Transistor Logic) circuit, it is necessary to use an
ECL-to-TTL converter or translator unit. The pinout of the converter “pods”
match the pinout of MB100 Tx.
ECL to TTL Translator
MultiBERT-100
WORD
CLOCK OUT
DATA CHANNEL OUTPUTS
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
TTL
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
WORD
CLOCK/2 OUT
TTL
WORD
SYNC
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
TTL
DATA CHANNEL OUTPUTS TTL/ 50 OHM SOURCE
Figure 2-8 Front Panel of ECL-to-TTL Translator “Pod” for MB100
Model No:
Serial No.
Options
POWER
OFF ON
115 VAC
FUSE
Differential Data and Clock Outputs
AC Power Input
Figure 2-9 Rear Panel of ECL-to-TTL Translator “Pod” for MB100
2-14
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TTL-to-ECL Translator
TTL-to-ECL Translator
The MB100 outputs ECL (Emitter Coupled Logic) and inputs ECL. In order to
take input from a TTL (Transistor Transistor Logic) circuit, it is necessary to use
an TTL-to-ECL converter or translator unit. The pinout of the converter “pods”
match the pinout of MB100 Rx.
TTL To ECL Translator
MultiBERT-100
WORD
CLOCK OUT
DATA CHANNEL INPUTS
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
TTL
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
DATA CHANNEL INPUTS/ TTL
Figure 2-10 Front Panel of TTL-to-ECL Translator “Pod” for MB100
Model No:
Serial No.
Options
POWER
OFF ON
115 VAC
FUSE
Differential Data and Clock Outputs
AC Power Input
Figure 2-11 Rear Panel of TTL-to-ECL Translator “Pod” for MB100
2-15
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TTL-to-ECL Translator
Since the MB100 outputs ECL and inputs ECL, the way to connect the MB100
Tx, the MB100 Rx, the ECL-to-TTL converter “pod”, and the TTL-to-ECL
converter “pod” to a TTL circuit is illustrated in the diagram below.
Clock
Source
Tx
ECL
TTL
ECL-to-TTL
Converter
Rx
Circuit
TTL
BUS
BUS
ECL
TTL-to-ECL
Converter
Figure 2-12 Setup of MB100 Tx, Rx, ECL-to-TTL converter and TTL-to-ECL converter.
2-16
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Cabling
Cabling
Connection on rear panel of Tx and Rx
Parallel Data Output Connector - An ECL-differential pair is provided on 50
ohm RG178 coaxial cable for each channel output as well as SYNC output,
clock output, and clock/2 output for the Tx. The Rx has an ECL differential pair
provided on 50 ohm RG178 coaxial cable for each channel output as well as
clock output. (See the diagrams for the Tx pinout and the Rx pinout earlier in
this chapter.)
Each output is pulled down at the source by 270 ohms to -5.2 volts. The
differential termination should be 100 ohms resistive. An differential line
receiver is recommended for optimum performance.
The connector housing is an AMP-type 20131101, each contact is an AMP
226537-2 receptacle pin. The mating connector is an AMP-type 201310-1
housing with an AMP-type 51565-2 pin.
Single-Ended vs. Differential Mode
Single-Ended Mode compares the clock and data against a DC voltage (decision
threshold), which is referenced to the ground of the Rx. However common noise
effects that appear on both the data and data-bar or clock and clock-bar, such as
grounding differences between the Tx and Rx, interference on cables, and
degradation in amplitude or wave shape, can result in errors as seen by the Rx
circuits. Single-Ended Mode is considered to have a low noise immunity.
Differential Mode compares the clock to clock-bar and data is compared to databar. This is done by propagating two signals of equal amplitude and opposite
polarity. The decision threshold of differential mode is sensitive to the difference
between the two signals. Since the decision threshold is not amplitudedependent, a high noise immunity results.
A preference for Single-Ended or Differential Mode is dependent on the circuit
under test.
2-17
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Cabling
Key details of Rear Panel cabling
•
MB100 outputs ECL and inputs ECL
•
Pinout of Converter “pods” match pinout of Tx
•
RG178 coaxial cable required
•
Connector - AMP plug #201310-1, 75-position
•
minimum length of cable, 6 feet
•
Single-ended - 1/2 of pinout on back of unit filled
•
Differential - all pinouts on back of unit filled
Subminiature SMB (SSMB) cable
The front panels of the Converter or Translator “pods” use individual cables
connecting to each of up to 32 connectors. The key details of these cables,
known as Subminiature SMB (SSMB) is as follows:
2-18
•
RG178 coaxial cable
•
Connector - AMP part number 7202-1572-002
•
Suggested minimum length of cable, 24”
•
SSMB cables can be purchased from several sources. MB100 Translator
"pods" are also shipped with "SSMB to SMA" cables.
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Controls, Indicators and Connectors
Connection Techniques
The following illustrations demonstrate examples of connecting the MB100 to
ECL UUT input and custom device testing.
Suggested Connection Techniques for Differential ECL
MB100 Transmitter to Differential ECL UUT Input
MB100 Transmitter
AMP Coax
Connector
Device Under Test (DUT)
50 Ohm Transmission Line
D Q
Differential
Receiver
MC10EL16
D Q
100 ohm
50 Ohm Transmission Line
270ohm
270ohm
-5.2 Vdc
Figure 2-13 MB100 Tx to UUT Input
“Custom” Device Testing Application
ECL Inputs and TTL Outputs
MB100 Tx
24-Channel ECL
(Single Ended
or Differential)
Clock
UUT
ECL input
TTL Output
Data 24
TTL to
ECL
XLTR
MB100 Rx
24-Channel ECL
(Single-Ended
or Differential)
MB100 Standard
Extender Cable
Custom Cable by customer
or optional MB100 Device Cable
or standard MB100 Extender cable
Custom Cable by customer
Multi-conductor AMP to SSMB
Figure 2-14 Custom - Inputs and Outputs
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2-19
Cabling
2-20
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Reference
This chapter describes the MB100 Multi-Channel BER Tester LCD menu
structures and displays.
Tx Menus and Displays begin on page 3-2.
Rx Menus and Displays begin on page 3-23.
A listing of Menu Maps for both Tx and Rx appears on page 3-43.
This chapter also describes a representative sample of MB100 Multi-Channel
BER Tester Applications.
3-1
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TX Menus and Displays
Tx Menus and Displays
To turn on the Transmitter, toggle the ON/OFF switch located in the lower lefthand corner of the Front Panel. A self-test will take place and then be followed
by the company logo and the current software version.
With the exception of VIEW ANGLE, each of the menu items is a category
leading to a sub-menu. To enter a sub-menu, use the cursor control keys (located
to the right of the keypad) to place the cursor next to a category. Press the
ENTER key to move to the sub-menu. To return to the MAIN MENU, press the
ESC key (multiple presses of the ESC key may be necessary to get to the highest
level of the menus).
Ma in Menu
Pattern Edit/Display
Error Injection
Per Channel Delay
Clock Input Options
Clock Output Options
Channel Monitor Selection
Remote Setup
View Angle (use </> keys)
Identify
3-2
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TX Menus and Displays
PATTERN EDIT/DISPLAY
The Pattern Edit Display submenu, available from the Tx Main Menu, controls
the selection, display, and editing of the internal pattern memory. The submenu
appears as follows:
PATTERN: ACTIVE PATTERN = One of 3
choices below
DISPLAY ACTIVE PATTERN
EDIT ACTIVE PATTERN
ACTIVE PATTERN = ROM
ACTIVE PATTERN = NVRAM0
ACTIVE PATTERN = NVRAM1
PRBS PHASE DELAY = 0 BITS
PRBS PHASE DELAY = 4 BITS
The Pattern: Active Pattern = " " indicates which of the three types of
PATTERN memory sources (ROM, NVRAM0, or NVRAM1) the system is
currently using. The MB100 contains two battery-backed memory and a single
optional ROM pattern for application specific patterns. The two battery-backed
RAM locations are labeled NVRAM0 and NVRAM1. The MB100 uses the
NVRAM as an edit space separate from the high speed pattern output memory.
Each time an edit is completed the edit buffer is block transferred to the high
speed pattern output memory. The active pattern is chosen by moving the cursor
to one of the three lines labeled ACTIVE PATTERN = " " and pressing the
ENTER key. The selected active pattern will be indicated by an reverse video
highlight box (see menu screen above for example). If the ROM option is not
installed, then an error message indicating an invalid choice was selected. To
double-check on installed equipment options, go the Tx Main Menu, move the
cursor to the IDENTIFY menu choice and press the ENTER key.
The PRBS Phase Delay is indicated by a reverse video highlighted box (see
menu screen above for example). To change the selection, move the cursor to
one of the two lines and press the ENTER key. The highlight box will change
accordingly. The PRBS Phase Delay is used during the Pattern Edit. It is used
for Pattern Fills of PR-7 and PR-15. With a phase delay of 0, all channels will
be identical in phase. With a phase delay of 4 bits, the pseudorandom sequence
will be delayed in phase on each channel by 4 data bits.
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3-3
TX Menus and Displays
DISPLAY ACTIVE PATTERN
The DISPLAY ACTIVE PATTERN selection, from the Tx Pattern Edit/
Display submenu, leads to a screen that allows non destructive viewing of the
currently used output pattern.
DISPLAY ACTIVE PATTERN
DISPLAY ACTIVE PATTERN = NVRAM0
LENGTH = 65536
ADDR
HEX DATA
0000
0001
0002
0003
0004
0005
0006
0F409104
F2008435
000FC569
13042CC1
0B803421
77B09A12
B0D00123
PAGE
DOWN
PAGE
UP
GO TO
ADDR
The display active pattern message indicates the present buffer source used by
the pattern output memory. The pattern length number is the current length of
pattern output. The address field is displayed in decimal, the data field is
displayed in hexadecimal.
The HEX DATA represents the logic states for each channel in the MB100.
This information is displayed with 8 hex digits to represent the 32 channels
(maximum) available in the MB100. Unequipped channels will be filled with
logic 0s.
The most significant bits (MSB) for the HEX DATA display is the left-most
digit. This hex character represents the values for channels 28-32. The least
significant bits (LSB) for the HEX DATA display is the right-most digit. This
hex character represents the logic values for channels 1-4.
3-4
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TX Menus and Displays
Interpreting the HEX DATA in your Active Pattern Display
Each hex digit in your active pattern display represents the logic states for four
individual channels. A value of hex 0 means all 4 channels are programmed low.
A value of hex F means all 4 channels are programmed high. A complete
conversion of the hex values to their corresponding binary (or logic) states is
shown in the following table.
Hex to Binary Conversion
Decimal
Hex Digit Equivalent
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
Binary Equivalent
(Logic Value for a “4 channel group”)
(highest pin)
(lowest pin)
0000
0001
0010
0011
0100
0101
0110
0111
1000
1001
1010
1011
1100
1101
1110
1111
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
If your MB100 was configured with 24 channels, the leftmost 2 digits will
always contain 0’s. If your MB100 was configured with 16 channels, the
leftmost 4 digits will always contain 0’s. A sample hex data display with the
corresponding channel state values is shown in the following table.
ADDR
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Sample Channel Data Conversion
Memory Contents by Channel
HEX DATA 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
00000000
00001111
00002222
00003333
00004444
0000F29C
00000F00
0000AAAA
00005555
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
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1732
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
3-5
TX Menus and Displays
Display Pattern Softkeys
Page Down, Page Up Softkeys: Advances the displayed address and data
combination by one screen.
Go To Addr Softkey: The Go-to-Address selection pops up a data entry field to
type in a decimal address to move the display screen to.
If displayed data appears in an reverse video manner in the display window, then
this is data contained in the pattern edit memory buffer, but is beyond the set
length of the current output pattern.
3-6
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TX Menus and Displays
EDIT ACTIVE PATTERN
The Edit Active Pattern selection, from the Tx Pattern Edit/ Display submenu,
leads to a screen that allows editing of the currently used output pattern.
EDIT ACTIVE PATTERN
EDIT ACTIVE PATTERN = NVRAM0
LENGTH = 65536
ADDR
HEX DATA
0000
0001
0002
0003
0004
0005
0006
0F409104
F2008435
000FC569
13042CC1
0B803421
77B09A12
B0D00123
PAGE
DOWN
PAGE
UP
GO TO
ADDR
ENTER
DATA
PATTERN
LENGTH
The edit active pattern message indicates the present edit buffer used by the
output memory. The pattern length number is the current length of pattern
output. The address field is displayed in decimal, the data field is displayed in
hexadecimal.
Pattern Edit/Display Softkeys
Page Down, Page Up Softkeys: Advances the displayed address and data
combination by one screen.
Go To Addr Softkey: The Go-to-Address selection pops up a data entry field to
type in a decimal address to advance the display screen to.
If displayed data appears in an reverse video manner in the display window, then
this is data contained in the pattern edit memory buffer but is beyond the set
length of the current output pattern.
Pattern Length Softkey: Pops up a data entry box that allows the current
pattern length to be altered. Enter a decimal number in the range of 1 to 65536
and press the ENTER key, or, press the ESC key to exit the data entry mode
without changing the current value.
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3-7
TX Menus and Displays
The Enter Data softkey, at the Tx Edit Active Pattern submenu, activates
another set of softkeys and a pop up data entry window that allows pattern
definition on a per byte basis or predefined patterns to fill the pattern memory.
DISPLAY ACTIVE PATTERN
DISPLAY ACTIVE PATTERN = NVRAM0
ENTER
LENGTH = 65536
DATA
ADDR
DATA
0000
0001
0002
0003
0004
0005
0006
0F409104
F2008435
000FC569
13042CC1
0B803421
77B09A12
B0D00123
FILL W/
ZEROS
FILL W/
ADDR
FILL W/
PR-7
PRESS ENTER
TO SAVE NEW DATA
00000000
PRESS ESC TO
CANCEL
FILL W/
PR-15
FILL W/
ROM
Fill W/ Zeroes: Clears the current pattern memory.
Fill W/ Addr: A predefined pattern with a length of 256 words. Each 8 bit byte
of a word contains the address value. For example, the address 10 contains the
data 0A0A0A0AH for a 32 channel system.
Fill W/ PR-7 and PR-15: The PR-7 and PR-15 softkeys fill the pattern memory
with a pseudorandom sequence of length 127 and 32767, respectively. All
channels will contain the same sequence with the seed being 7 or 15 consecutive
ones. When the PRBS Phase Delay is 0 bits, all of the channels will have
identical data, phase aligned. When the PRBS Phase Delay is 4 bits, each
channel will still have the same sequence, but will be phase shifted from the
adjacent channel by 4 bits.
Fill W/ ROM: The fill with ROM key transfers the optional ROM into battery
backed RAM for editing.
3-8
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TX Menus and Displays
If none of the softkeys are chosen, then data can be entered at the present address
by using the data entry keys and pressing ENTER. If the ENTER key is
repetitively pressed after this entry, then the last entered data is written into
successive memory locations.
Generate (Tx) / Detect (Rx) Custom Patterns
The following table demonstrates the relationship between the hex data bits and
the address in order to create custom patterns.
Channel
1
Sample User-Defined Test Pattern
Addr
Addr
Addr
Addr
0
1
2
3
1
0
0
1
2
0
0
1
0
3
1
0
1
1
4
0
1
0
0
Channels
5-32
0
0
0
0
Wave Pattern
The above test patterns would then be coded in the Tx and Rx memory as
follows:
ADDR
DATA
0
00000005
1
00000008
2
00000006
3
00000005
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3-9
TX Menus and Displays
ERROR INJECTION
The Error Injection submenu, available from the Tx Main Menu, controls the
error injection of the MB100 Transmitter. The submenu appears as follows:
SINGLE ERROR INJECTION
PER CHANNEL ENABLE
ERROR RATE = OFF
ERROR RATE = 1.0E-7
ERROR RATE = 1.0E-6
ERROR RATE = 1.0E-5
ERROR RATE = 1.0E-4
ERROR RATE = 1.0E-3
The SINGLE ERROR INJECT selection displays a submenu that allows single
errors to be injected on a channel.
The PER CHANNEL ENABLE selection controls which channel is allowed to
have errors injected upon it.
The ERROR RATE selections directly enable error rates to be evenly injected
on all enabled channels. An reverse video highlight box indicates the present
status of the error rate injection function. To change the error rate use the cursor
keys to move the cursor to the desired selection and press the ENTER key.
3-10
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TX Menus and Displays
SINGLE ERROR INJECTION
The Single Error selection, from the Tx Error Injection submenu, is chosen by
pressing the ENTER key next to this line. To inject an error on a specific
channel, move the highlight box using the cursor keys to the desired channel.
Press the Error Inject softkey. A message will be displayed at the bottom of the
screen indicating that the error was injected.
SINGLE ERROR INJECTION
Select Channel with Arrow Keys
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
ERROR
INJECT
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3-11
TX Menus and Displays
PER CHANNEL ENABLE
The Per Channel Enable selection, from the Tx Error Injection submenu, is
chosen by pressing the ENTER key next to this line. The softkeys channel 1-8, 916, 17-24, 25-32, and Enable/Disable are activated.
ENABLE ERRORS PER CHANNEL
Channel
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
CHAN
1-8
CHAN
9-16
ENABLED
ENABLED
ENABLED
ENABLED
ENABLED
DISABLED
DISABLED
DISABLED
CHAN
17-24
CHAN
25-32
CHAN
ENABLE
Chan (1-8), (9-16), (17-24), (25-32) Softkeys: The channel number softkeys
will only appear for the channels that are installed. These keys allow the display
of different groups of 8 channels.
Chan Enable(Disable) Softkey: This key enables (disables) error inject
capability on a channel. Move the cursor key to the channel to enable or disable.
Press the enable (disable) softkey to change its error inject status. If the cursor is
on a channel that is enabled then the softkey displays “Chan Disable”, if the
channel is disabled then the softkey displays “Chan Enable”.
Note: Any disabled channel cannot have single or rate errors injected upon it.
3-12
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TX Menus and Displays
PER CHANNEL DELAY
The Per Channel Delay submenu, available from the Tx Main Menu, controls
the delay setting of each channel of the MB100 Transmitter. The submenu
appears as follows:
PER CHANNEL DELAY
Delay Range: -2.0 ns to +2.0ns
Channel
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
CHAN
1-8
CHAN
9-16
Delay
0.0 nS
+0.5 nS
+1.8 nS
- 0.5 nS
- 0.1 nS
+0.0 nS
+0.0 nS
+2.0 nS
CHAN
17-24
CHAN
25-32
CHAN
DELAY
Chan (1-8), (9-16), (17-24), (25-32) Softkeys: The channel number softkeys
will only appear for the channels that are installed. These keys allow the display
of different groups of 8 channels.
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3-13
TX Menus and Displays
Change Delay Softkey: This key, at the Tx Per Channel Delay submenu,
reassigns the softkeys to commonly used edit functions for setting the delay. SET
ALL TO NOMINAL, SET TO NOMINAL, ADD 100 PS, SUB 100 PS, and,
ENTER DELAY.
CHAN
PER
CHANNEL DELAY
DELAY
PRESS ENTER
Channel
Delay
TO SAVE NEW DELAY
1
0.0 nS
2
+0.5 nS
0.0 nS
3
+1.8 nS
PRESS ESC TO
4
- 0.5 nS
CANCEL
5
- 0.1 nS
6
+0.0 nS
7
+0.0 nS
8
+2.0 nS
PRESS ESC FOR OTHER CHANNELS
SET ALL SET TO
NOMINAL NOMINAL
ADD
100 pS
SUB
100 pS
ENTER
DELAY
Set All Nominal Softkey: Places all channels to a delay of zero.
Set To Nominal Softkey: Sets the particular channel, as indicated by the cursor,
to zero delay.
Add/Sub 100 pS Softkeys: Single steps the chosen channel's delay in 100
picosecond increments.
Enter Delay Softkey: This softkey pops up an edit window to the right side of
the LCD Panel, and the keypad is used to directly enter data. After data is
entered for one channel, subsequent channels in this screen can be edited to this
same value by pressing the enter key repetitively.
3-14
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TX Menus and Displays
CLOCK INPUT OPTIONS
The Clock Input Options submenu, available from the Tx Main Menu, controls
which clock input port is active, either DIRECT, PRESCALED. This submenu
also sets options relative to either selection in the MB100 Transmitter. If
DIRECT CLOCK INPUT is selected, the menu below it permits selection of the
termination, either AC coupled 50 ohms or DC coupled TTL 50 ohms. The
submenu appears as follows for DIRECT selected:
TX CLOCK INPUT
EXT CLOCK INPUT:
DIRECT
<PRESCALED>
EXT CLOCK PRESCALER:
4
8 <10> 12
16 20
24
32
DIRECT
CLOCK
PRESCAL
CLOCK
TX CLOCK INPUT
EXT CLOCK INPUT:
<DIRECT>
PRESCALED
EXT CLOCK TERMINATION
AC (50 OHMS) TTL (50 OHMS)
AC
TTL
TERMNAT TERMNAT
If the EXT CLOCK INPUT selection is PRESCALED, then the menu appears as
follows:
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3-15
TX Menus and Displays
TX CLOCK INPUT
EXT CLOCK INPUT:
DIRECT
<PRESCALED>
EXT CLOCK PRESCALER:
4
8 <10> 12
16 20
24
32
DIRECT
CLOCK
PRESCAL
CLOCK
For either DIRECT or PRESCALED, a set of softkeys appears that allows the
selection of an item next to the cursor.
When the DIRECT clock is selected, move the cursor down a line to re configure
the softkeys for entry of the direct clock termination. The DIRECT clock runs
the transmitter's word generator at the rate input to this port.
If the PRESCALED clock is selected, the termination is always AC/50 ohms.
The input clock will be divided by the chosen prescaled value. To change the
prescaled value, move the cursor to the prescaler value line and a set of softkeys
will appear to allow a new value to be selected. The DIVIDE BY values are: 4,
8, 10, 12, 16, 20, 24 or 32. The present value is indicated by a highlight box.
After the input clock is prescaled, it will run the transmitter as the direct clock
does.
In 32-channel units only, there is the capability of handling more than 32
channels at one time. A menu choice of SLAVE-CLK will appear in the Tx
CLOCK INPUT selection. By daisy-chaining Tx units, it is possible to generate
information on more channels than the 32 channels available from one unit. In a
representative configuration, an external clock source will connect to the first Tx
unit and the clock selection can be either DIRECT or PRESCALED. A cable out
the rear panel of the first Tx unit must be connected to the front panel of the
second Tx unit. The CLOCK INPUT selection on the second Tx unit must be
SLAVE-CLK. Choosing SLAVE-CLK on the second Tx unit leaves nothing else
showing on the LCD screen. This menu choice does not appear in 16-channel or
24-channel Tx units.
3-16
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TX Menus and Displays
Direct Clock Input - Coupling
A simplified diagram of the direct clock input (AC and DC coupling) is shown
below.
MB100 Direct Clock Input - AC Coupling into 50 Ohms
(simplified diagram)
.01u
50 ohm
.01u
Voltage
comparator
To MB100 Tx
Internal
Clock Circuitry
0.0 Vdc
input threshold
Direct Clock Input - TTL (DC) Coupling (simplified diagram)
50 ohm input impedance
25 ohm
50 ohm
50 ohm
Voltage
comparator
To MB100 Tx
Internal
Clock Circuitry
+1.0 Vdc input threshold
(this means +2.0 Vdc threshold for
external clock input due to voltage divider)
Figure 3-1 Direct Clock Input - Coupling Selections
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3-17
TX Menus and Displays
CLOCK OUTPUT OPTIONS
The Clock Output Options submenu, available from the Tx Main Menu,
permits changing, at the rear panel differential output port, the clock polarity.
This submenu also permits, at the rear panel differential output port, the clock's
delay to be adjusted by + or - 2 nS in 100 picosecond increments. The menu
appears as follows:
TX CLOCK OUTPUT
CLOCK OUT:
TRUE
<INVERT>
DELAY:
+0.1nS
Delay Range: -2.0ns to +2.0ns
SET TO
NOMINAL
ADD
100 pS
SUB
100 pS
ENTER
DELAY
When the cursor is placed next to the CLOCK OUT selection, the softkeys
display a selection to alter the output of the clock polarity. If TRUE is selected,
then the rear panel differential ECL clock output is rising edge aligned to the
data edges. If INVERT is selected, the rising edge falls in the middle of the data
eye.
When the cursor is next to the DELAY choice, the softkeys are displayed as
above.
Set To Nominal Softkey: Sets the particular channel, as indicated by the cursor,
to zero delay.
Add/Sub 100 pS Softkeys: Single steps the chosen channel's delay in 100
picosecond increments.
Enter Delay Softkey: This softkey pops up an edit window to the right side of
the LCD Panel, and the keypad is used to directly enter data. Data is entered in
microsecond increments. For example, to enter a delay of 300 psec, enter 0.3.
Note: Changing the clock polarity or altering the clock delay affects the rear
panel differential output only. The Tx front panel clock outputs, such as Word
SYNC, Word Clock, Word Clock/2, are not affected by changes made to this
menu screen.
3-18
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TX Menus and Displays
CHANNEL MONITOR SELECTION
This submenu, available from the Tx Main Menu, selects a channel and copies
an ECL-compatible copy of this channel to the front panel BNC jack. A 50 ohm
to -2VDC termination is required for proper operation. When this submenu is
entered a reverse video highlight box is displayed for one of the channels. To
select a different channel, move the reverse video highlight box with the cursor
keys.
CHANNEL MONITOR SELECTION
Select Channel with Arrow Keys
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
<20>
21
22
23
24
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3-19
TX Menus and Displays
REMOTE SETUP
The Remote Setup, available from the Tx Main Menu, controls the setting of the
remote ports: GPIB and RS232. A set of softkeys is initially displayed for
selection of which of the two to edit.
REMOTE SETUP:
SELECT REMOTE INTERFACE:
RS232 or GPIB
SETUP
RS232
SETUP
GPIB
If GPIB is selected the following menu appears:
REMOTE SETUP; GPIB:
ADDRESS: 15 (31 = OFFBUS)
TERMINATION:
EOI/LF or EOI
SET NEW
ADDRESS
The softkeys allow editing of values depending where the cursor is placed.
If next to the address field, the softkey SET NEW ADDRESS appears. Press it to
display a pop up edit window for altering the GPIB address. Numbers from 1 to
30 are acceptable, with an entry of 31 placing the MB100 Transmitter offbus.
Refer to Chapter 4 (External Controllers) for more information on GPIB.
If next to TERMINATION, then softkeys are displayed which allow the
selection of the end of line terminator for GPIB commands.
3-20
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TX Menus and Displays
If the RS232 submenu is chosen, the following is displayed:
REMOTE SETUP; RS232:
BAUD: 300 1200 2400 <9600>
PARITY: NONE ODD <EVEN>
DATA BITS: 7 <8>
EOL: <CR-LF> LF-CR CR LF
XON/XOFF: <OFF> ON
ECHO: OFF <ON>
300
BAUD
1200
BAUD
2400
BAUD
If the cursor is next to the BAUD line then the softkeys allow selection of the
BAUD rate.
If the cursor is next to the PARITY, then the parity is set to NONE, EVEN, of
ODD.
DATA BITS controls the character size of the transmission.
EOL sets the end of line character sent by the MB100 transmitter.
XON/XOFF allows the protocol to be turned OFF or ON.
ECHO sets whether the entered strings are echoed back to the terminal or not.
OFF does not echo typed data, ON does.
Refer to Chapter 4 (External Controllers) for more information on RS-232.
View Angle (use )
The view angle can be adjusted by placing the cursor next to this selection,
available in the Tx Main Menu. Press the left and right cursor keys to adjust it to
one of 15 different values.
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3-21
TX Menus and Displays
IDENTIFY
Pressing the ENTER key next to this selection, available in the Tx Main Menu,
displays a listing of the current software version, number of installed channels,
and other installed options. Press the ESC key to leave this menu.
IDENTIFICATION
MICROWAVE LOGIC MULTI-BERT 100
TRANSMITTER
24 CHANNELS
ROM INSTALLED
MASTER SYNC INSTALLED
SLAVE SYNC INSTALLED
VERSION V1.5
PRESS ESC FOR MAIN MENU
3-22
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Rx Menus and Displays
Rx Menus and Displays
To turn on the Receiver, toggle the ON/OFF switch located in the lower lefthand corner of the Front Panel. A self-test will take place and then be followed
by the company logo and the current software version.
With the exception of VIEW ANGLE and BEEP VOLUME, each of the menu
items is a category leading to a sub-menu. To enter a sub-menu, use the cursor
control keys (located to the right of the keypad) to place the cursor next to a
category. Press the ENTER key to move to the sub-menu. To return to the MAIN
MENU, press the ESC key (multiple presses of the ESC key may be necessary to
get to the highest level of the menus).
Ma in Menu
Measurements
SYNC Sweep
Pattern Edit/ Display
Per Channel Enable
Clock Input Options
Data Synchronization
Remote Setup
View Angle (use </> keys)
Beep Volume (use </> keys)
Identify
3-23
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RX Menus and Displays
MEASUREMENTS
The Measurements submenu, available from the Rx Main Menu, controls the
display of error measurements. The initial display is as follows:
MEASUREMENTS
DISPLAY MEASUREMENTS
DISPLAY = <AGGREGATE RESULTS>
DISPLAY = LAST SECOND ONLY
The displayed data will be either "AGGREGATE RESULTS" or "LAST
SECOND ONLY". This will be indicated by the highlighted selection. To
change the selection, move the cursor to the appropriate line, and press the
ENTER key. The selection “AGGREGATE RESULTS” will display the
measurement data accumulated during the entire test period. The selection
"LAST SECOND ONLY" will display the measurement data accumulated
during the last second recorded during the test.
3-24
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Rx Menus and Displays
The DISPLAY MEASUREMENTS selection, from the Rx Measurements
submenu, will lead to the Aggregate Measurement display. Both aggregate and
per channel displays are controlled from this submenu using the softkeys. The
initial display is as follows:
AGGREGATE MEASUREMENTS
ELAPSED SECONDS
ERRORED SECONDS
CLOCK LOSS SECONDS
SYNC LOSS SECONDS
=
=
=
=
TOTAL BITS
=
TOTAL ERRORS =
BIT ERROR
=
4.6446E+11
0
0.000F+00
FREQUENCY
10.00E+06 Hz
CHAN
1-8
CHAN
9 -16
=
CHAN
17 -24
7937
0
0
0
CHAN
25 - 32
AGGREGATE
The Aggregate Measurements display is a synopsis of all enabled channels. A
test is started when the RUN/STOP key on the Front Panel is cycled from Stop
to Run (the green LED is lighted in the switch.) The transition from STOP to
RUN clears all error counts and totals. Error rates are calculated by dividing total
errors by total clocks since a test started. Each line of the menu will be described
below.
Elapsed Seconds: The total number of seconds the present test has run.
Errored Seconds: Any second in which at least one error has occurred in a data
word. This measurement is particularly useful in determining if errors were
bursty or isolated in occurrence. Burst errors will have a large error total to
errored second ratio. Isolated errors will have a matching error total to errored
seconds.
Clock Loss Seconds: The number of seconds in which no receiver clock was
present.
SYNC Loss Seconds: The number of seconds in which the receiver's internal
data pattern was not synchronized to the input pattern.
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3-25
RX Menus and Displays
NOTE: The following four calculations will depend upon the display mode.
When in aggregate mode, the data will be accumulated from the start of the test
period. When in the last second only mode, the data will be for the last second
of the test.
1. Total Bits: The total number of received bits. This is calculated by
multiplying the number of enabled channels by the total number of word
clocks received.
2. Total Errors: The total number of errors received. This is calculated by
adding the number of errors detected on all enabled channels.
3. Bit Errors: Calculated as the number of total errors received divided by the
total bits received.
4. Avg Frequency: This is calculated by dividing the number of words
received by the time accumulated in the test period.
3-26
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Rx Menus and Displays
Measurement Menu (Rx) Softkeys
AGGREGATE Softkey: This key displays the following menu.
CHAN (1-8), (9-16), (17-24), (25-32) Softkeys: These softkeys will allow the
display of a group of individual channels. The submenu below is a sample of the
display for channels 1-8.
CHANNEL
ERROR
RATE
ERROR
TOTAL
1
0.0E+/- 00
2
0.0E+/- 00
3
0.0E+/- 00
4
0.0E+/- 00
5
0.0E+/- 00
6
0.0E+/- 00
7
0.0E+/- 00
8
0.0E+/- 00
TOTAL BITS/ CHAN = 1.25E+10
CHAN
1-8
CHAN
9 -16
CHAN
17 -24
ERRORED
SECONDS
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
CHAN
25 - 32
AGGREGATE
Channel: Indicates which channel error statistics apply to.
Error Rate: Display of the channel's error rate. The error rate is calculated by
dividing errors on a channel by bits/channel.
Error Total: Cumulative total of errors on a particular channel. The most
significant digit will appear as a “*” when an overflow has occurred. The least
significant digits will continue to count if errors are still present after the
overflow has occurred.
NOTE: The Error Seconds column will only be displayed when in the aggregate
measurement mode.
Error Seconds: Any second in which at least one error has occurred. This
measurement is particularly useful in determining if errors were bursty or
isolated in occurrence.
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3-27
RX Menus and Displays
SYNC SWEEP
The SYNC Sweep submenu, from the Rx Main Menu, controls the Channel
Synchronization Sweep feature.
SYNC SWEEP
1
2
3
4
9
10
11
12
17
18
19
20
25
26
27
28
5
6
7
8
13
14
15
16
21
22
23
24
29
30
31
32
START
SWEEP
ABORT
SWEEP
Initially, the sweep will not be in progress and only the START SWEEP softkey
will be displayed. Once the sweep is in progress, the only key displayed will be
the ABORT SWEEP softkey.
The SYNC SWEEP is used to acquire Pattern SYNC on incoming signals which
have a combination of good and bad channels, where the bad channels prevent
an overall pattern SYNC. This function will enable the channels in groups of 4
(see above) so that the good channels can be isolated and Pattern SYNC
acquired. When Pattern SYNC is achieved, SYNC Disable can be turned ON
and the remaining channels enabled, so that the proper alignment is attained even
though Pattern SYNC will probably be lost.
Note that the channel enables will be changed during the SYNC SWEEP
function. The channels that were disabled prior to the start of the sweep will not
be enabled. The remaining channels may be disabled during the sweep, but all
of the channel enables will be restored.
During the sweep, the group of 4 channels that are enabled will be highlighted.
Any of the 4 channels within the group which where disabled prior to the start of
the sweep will not be highlighted and will be denoted by "DIS" appearing next to
the channel number.
Start Sweep Softkey: Starts the SYNC SWEEP function. This process will
continue until either SYNC is achieved or the Sweep is aborted.
Abort Sweep Softkey: Aborts the SYNC SWEEP process.
3-28
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Rx Menus and Displays
PATTERN EDIT/ DISPLAY
The Pattern Edit Display submenu, available from the Rx Main Menu, controls
the selection, display, and editing of the internal pattern memory. The submenu
appears as follows:
PATTERN: ACTIVE PATTERN = One of 3
choices below
DISPLAY ACTIVE PATTERN
EDIT ACTIVE PATTERN
ACTIVE PATTERN = ROM
ACTIVE PATTERN = NVRAM0
ACTIVE PATTERN = NVRAM1
PRBS PHASE DELAY = 0 BITS
PRBS PHASE DELAY = 4 BITS
The Pattern: Active Pattern = " " indicates which of the three types of
PATTERN memory sources (ROM, NVRAM0, or NVRAM1) the system is
currently using. The MB100 contains two battery-backed memory and a single
optional ROM pattern for application specific patterns. The two battery-backed
RAM locations are labeled NVRAM0 and NVRAM1. The MB100 uses the
NVRAM as an edit space separate from the high speed pattern output memory.
Each time an edit is completed the edit buffer is block transferred to the high
speed pattern output memory. The active pattern is chosen by moving the cursor
to one of the three lines labeled ACTIVE PATTERN = " " and pressing the
ENTER key. The selected active pattern will be indicated by an reverse video
highlight box. If the ROM option is not installed, then an error message
indicating an invalid choice was selected. To double-check on installed
equipment options, go the Tx Main Menu, move the cursor to the IDENTIFY
menu choice and press the ENTER key.
The PRBS Phase Delay is indicated by a reverse video highlighted box. To
change the selection, move the cursor to one of the two lines and press the
ENTER key. The highlight box will change accordingly. The PRBS Phase
Delay is used during the Pattern Edit. It is used for Pattern Fills of PR-7 and PR15. With a phase delay of 0, all channels will be identical in phase. With a
phase delay of 4 bits, the pseudorandom sequence will be delayed in phase on
each channel by 4 data bits.
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3-29
RX Menus and Displays
DISPLAY ACTIVE PATTERN
The DISPLAY ACTIVE PATTERN selection, from the Rx Pattern Edit/
Display submenu, leads to a screen that allows non destructive viewing of the
currently used output pattern. A sample of this screen is shown below:
DISPLAY ACTIVE PATTERN
EDIT ACTIVE PATTERN = NVRAM0
LENGTH = 65536
ADDR
HEX DATA
0000
0001
0002
0003
0004
0005
0006
0F409104
F2008435
000FC569
13042CC1
0B803421
77B09A12
B0D00123
PAGE
DOWN
PAGE
UP
GO TO
ADDR
The Display Active Pattern message indicates the present buffer source used by
the pattern output memory. The pattern length number is the current length of
pattern output. The address field is displayed in decimal, the data field is
displayed in hexadecimal.
The HEX DATA represents the logic states for each channel in the MB100. This
information is displayed with 8 hex digits to represent the 32 channels
(maximum) available in the MB100. Unequipped channels will be filled with
logic 0s.
The most significant bits (MSB) for the HEX DATA display is the left-most
digit. This hex character represents the values for channels 28-32. The least
significant bits (LSB) for the HEX DATA display is the right-most digit. This
hex character represents the logic values for channels 1-4.
3-30
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Rx Menus and Displays
Interpreting the HEX DATA in your Active Pattern Display
Each hex digit in your active pattern display represents the logic states for four
individual channels. A value of hex 0 means all 4 channels are programmed low.
A value of hex F means all 4 channels are programmed high. A complete
conversion of the hex values to their corresponding binary (or logic) states is
shown in the following table.
Hex to Binary Conversion
Decimal
Hex Digit
Equivalent
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
Binary Equivalent
(Logic Value for a “4 channel group”)
(highest pin)
(lowest pin)
0000
0001
0010
0011
0100
0101
0110
0111
1000
1001
1010
1011
1100
1101
1110
1111
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
If your MB100 was configured with 24 channels, the leftmost 2 digits will
always contain 0’s. If your MB100 was configured with 16 channels, the
leftmost 4 digits will always contain 0’s. A sample hex data display with the
corresponding channel state values is shown in the following table.
ADDR
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
HEX
DATA
Sample Channel Data Conversion
Memory Contents by Channel
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
00000000
00001111
00002222
00003333
00004444
0000F29C
00000F00
0000AAAA
00005555
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
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1732
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
3-31
RX Menus and Displays
Display Pattern Softkeys
Page Down, Page Up Softkeys: Advances the displayed address and data
combination by one screen.
Go To Addr Softkey: The Go-to-Address selection pops up a data entry field to
type in a decimal address to move the display screen to.
If displayed data appears in an reverse video manner in the display window, then
this is data contained in the pattern edit memory buffer, but is beyond the set
length of the current output pattern.
3-32
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Rx Menus and Displays
EDIT ACTIVE PATTERN
The Edit Active Pattern selection, from the Rx Pattern Edit/Display submenu,
leads to a screen that allows editing of the currently used output pattern. A
sample of this screen is shown below:
EDIT ACTIVE PATTERN
EDIT ACTIVE PATTERN = NVRAM0
LENGTH = 65536
ADDR
HEX DATA
0000
0001
0002
0003
0004
0005
0006
0F409104
F2008435
000FC569
13042CC1
0B803421
77B09A12
B0D00123
PAGE
DOWN
PAGE
UP
GO TO
ADDR
ENTER
DATA
PATTERN
LENGTH
The edit active pattern message indicates the present edit buffer used by the
output memory. The pattern length number is the current length of pattern
output. The address field is displayed in decimal, the data field is displayed in
hexadecimal.
Page Down, Page Up Softkeys: Advances the displayed address and data
combination by one screen.
Go To Addr Softkey: The Go-to-Address selection pops up a data entry field to
type in a decimal address to advance the display screen to.
If displayed data appears in an reverse video manner in the display window then
this is data contained in the pattern edit memory buffer but is beyond the set
length of the current output pattern.
Pattern Length Softkey: Pops up a data entry box that allows the current
pattern length to be altered. Enter a decimal number in the range of 1 to 65536
and press the ENTER key, or, press the ESC key to exit the data entry mode
without changing the current value.
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3-33
RX Menus and Displays
The Enter Data softkey, at the Rx Edit Active Pattern submenu, activates
another set of softkeys and a pop up data entry window that allows pattern
definition on a per byte basis or predefined patterns to fill the pattern memory.
DISPLAY ACTIVE PATTERN
DISPLAY ACTIVE PATTERN = NVRAM0
ENTER
LENGTH = 65536
DATA
ADDR
DATA
0000
0001
0002
0003
0004
0005
0006
0F409104
F2008435
000FC569
13042CC1
0B803421
77B09A12
B0D00123
FILL W/
ZEROS
FILL W/
ADDR
FILL W/
PR-7
PRESS ENTER
TO SAVE NEW DATA
00000000
PRESS ESC TO
CANCEL
FILL W/
PR-15
FILL W/
ROM
If none of the softkeys are chosen, then data can be entered at the present address
by using the data entry keys and pressing ENTER. If the ENTER key is
repetitively pressed after this entry, then the last entered data is written into
successive memory locations.
Fill W. Zeroes: Clears the current pattern memory.
Fill W/ Addr: A predefined pattern with a length of 256 words. Each 8 bit byte
of a word contains the address value. For example, the address 10 contains the
data 0A0A0A0AH for a 32 channel system.
Fill W/ PR-7 and PR-15: The PR-7 and PR-15 softkeys fill the pattern memory
with a pseudorandom sequence of length 127 and 32767, respectively. All
channels will contain the same sequence with the seed being 7 or 15 consecutive
ones. When the PRBS Phase Delay is 0 bits, all of the channels will have
identical data, phase aligned. When the PRBS Phase Delay is 4 bits, each
channel will still have the same sequence, but will be phase shifted from the
adjacent channel by 4 bits.
Fill W/ ROM: The fill with ROM key transfers the optional ROM into battery
backed RAM for editing.
3-34
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Rx Menus and Displays
PER CHANNEL ENABLE
The Per Channel Enable, available from the Rx Main Menu, controls which
channels are analyzed. A disabled channel contributes nothing to the data
synchronization section of the receiver, nor are any statistics gathered.
The Per Channel Enable submenu is chosen by pressing the ENTER key next to
this line of the Main Menu. The softkeys channel 1-8, 9-16, 17-24, 25-32, and
enable/disable are activated.
Note: The present test must be stopped for the Enable/Disable softkey to be
displayed.
ENABLE MEASUREMENT PER CHANNEL
Change only when test is stopped
Channel
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
CHAN
1-8
CHAN
9-16
ENABLED
ENABLED
ENABLED
ENABLED
ENABLED
DISABLED
DISABLED
DISABLED
CHAN
17-24
CHAN
25-32
CHAN
ENABLE
Chan (1-8), (9-16), (17-24), (25-32) Softkeys: The channel number softkeys
will only appear for the channels that are installed. These keys allow the display
of different groups of 8 channels.
Chan Enable(Disable) Softkey: This key enables (disables) received error
statistics. Move the cursor key to the channel to enable or disable. Press the
enable (disable) softkey to change its status.
A warning message (see the next menu screen) will be displayed indicating that
changing the status will clear all previously collected data. Press the Display
Only softkey to cancel any further operations or press the Change Enables
softkey to continue.
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3-35
RX Menus and Displays
ENABLE MEASUREMENT PER CHANNEL
WARNING ** WARNING ** WARNING
Changing which channels are enabled
for measurement will erase all previously
collected data. Are you sure about this?
NO,
SAVE DATA
DISPLAY
ONLY
YES,
ERASE DATA
CHANGE
ENABLE
If the cursor is on a channel that is enabled then the softkey displays “Chan
Disable”, if the channel is disabled then the softkey displays “Chan Enable”.
Note: Any disabled channel cannot contribute to the data synchronization or
have any error measurements performed upon it.
3-36
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Rx Menus and Displays
CLOCK INPUT OPTIONS
The Clock Input Options submenu, available from the Rx Main Menu, permits
changing, at the rear panel differential output port, the clock polarity. This
submenu also permits, at the rear panel differential output port, the clock's delay
to be adjusted by + or - 2 nS in 100 picosecond increments. The menu appears as
follows:
RX CLOCK INPUT
CLOCK IN:
TRUE
<INVERT>
DELAY:
+0.1nS
Delay Range: -2.0ns to +2.0ns
SET TO
NOMINAL
ADD
100 pS
SUB
100 pS
ENTER
DELAY
When the cursor is placed next to the CLOCK IN selection, the softkeys display
a selection to alter the clock output polarity. If TRUE is selected, then the rear
panel differential ECL clock output is rising edge aligned to the data edges. If
INVERT is selected, the rising edge falls in the middle of the data eye.
When the cursor is next to the DELAY choice, the softkeys are displayed as
above.
Set To Nominal Softkey: Sets the particular channel, as indicated by the cursor,
to zero delay.
Add/Sub 100 pS Softkeys: Single steps the chosen channel's delay in 100
picosecond increments.
Enter Delay Softkey: This softkey pops up an edit window to the right side of
the LCD Panel, and the keypad is used to directly enter data. Data is entered in
microsecond increments. For example, to enter a delay of 300 psec, enter 0.3.
Note: Changing the clock polarity or altering the clock delay affects the rear
panel differential output only. The Tx front panel clock outputs, such as Word
SYNC, Word Clock, Word Clock/2, are not affected by changes made to this
menu screen.
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3-37
RX Menus and Displays
DATA SYNCHRONIZATION
The Data Synchronization submenu, available from the Rx Main Menu,
controls the SYNC circuit that aligns the internal data pattern with that of the
received data pattern. The menu appears as follows:
DATA SYNCHRONIZATION
SYNCHRONIZATION:
<ENABLED> DISABLED
SYNC THRESHOLD:
(ERRORED WORDS/ WORD CLOCKS)
256/4096
64/4096
<16/4096>
16/8192
256/
4096
64/
4096
16/16384
16/32768
16/65536
1/65536
16/
4096
16/
8192
MORE
CHOICES
When the cursor is placed next to the Data Synchronization line a softkey will be
displayed that allows the alternate selection to be chosen.
The internal SYNC circuits will be disabled and the Synchronized green LED
will be illuminated. If the disabled selection is chosen the SYNC threshold
selections will not be displayed.
If the enabled selection is chosen, then the internal pattern alignment circuits are
enabled and an internal pattern slip is accomplished when the SYNC Threshold
is exceeded. When the SYNC Threshold is exceeded, the LED lights on the Rx
Front Panel labeled SYNC Loss will light up. The SYNC Threshold can be
altered by moving the cursor down one line. A table that follows on the next
page charts the relationship between the threshold chosen and the approximate
error rate.
When the cursor is next to the SYNC Threshold line, the softkeys are displayed
as above.
3-38
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Rx Menus and Displays
The following table charts the relationship between the threshold chosen and the
approximate error rate. Each selection will change the threshold.
Threshold Setting vs. Error Rate
Threshold
Error Rate
256/4096
>6.25x10-2
>1.56x10-2
64/4096
16/4096
16/8192
16/16384
16/32768
16/65536
1/65536
>3.91x10-3
>1.95x10-3
>9.76x10-4
>4.88x10-4
>2.44x10-4
>1.52x10-5
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3-39
RX Menus and Displays
REMOTE SETUP
The Remote Setup submenu, available from the Rx Main Menu, controls the
setting of the remote ports: GPIB and RS232. A set of softkeys is initially
displayed for selection of which of the two to edit.
REMOTE SETUP:
SELECT REMOTE INTERFACE:
RS232 or GPIB
SETUP
RS232
SETUP
GPIB
If GPIB is selected the following menu appears:
REMOTE SETUP; GPIB:
ADDRESS: 15 (31 = OFFBUS)
TERMINATION:
EOI/LF or EOI
SET NEW
ADDRESS
The softkeys allow editing of values depending where the cursor is placed.
If next to the address field, the softkey SET NEW ADDRESS appears. Press it to
display a pop up edit window for altering the GPIB address. Numbers from 1 to
30 are acceptable, with an entry of 31 placing the MB100 Receiver offbus. Refer
to Chapter 4 (External Controllers) for more information on GPIB.
If next to TERMINATOR then softkeys are displayed which allow the selection
of the end of line terminator for GPIB commands.
If the RS232 submenu is chosen the following is displayed:
3-40
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Rx Menus and Displays
REMOTE SETUP; RS232:
BAUD: 300 1200 2400 <9600>
PARITY: NONE ODD <EVEN>
DATA BITS: 7 <8>
EOL: <CR-LF> LF-CR CR LF
XON/XOFF: <OFF> ON
ECHO: OFF <ON>
300
BAUD
1200
BAUD
2400
BAUD
If the cursor is next to the BAUD line then the softkeys allow selection of the
BAUD rate.
If the cursor is next to the PARITY, then the parity is set to NONE, EVEN, of
ODD.
DATA BITS controls the character size of the transmission.
EOL sets the end of line character sent by the MB100 Receiver.
XON/XOFF allows the protocol to be turned OFF or ON.
ECHO sets whether the entered strings are echoed back to the terminal or not.
OFF does not echo typed data, ON does.
Refer to Chapter 4 (External Controllers) for more information on RS-232.
View Angle (USE )
The view angle can be adjusted by placing the cursor next to this selection in the
Rx Main Menu. Press the left and right cursor keys to adjust it to one of 15
different values.
Beep Volume (USE )
The speaker volume can be increased or decreased by pressing the left and right
cursor keys. The left cursor key will decrease the volume, the right cursor key
will increase the volume.
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3-41
RX Menus and Displays
IDENTIFY
Pressing the ENTER key next to this selection, available from the Rx Main
Menu, displays a listing of the current software version, number of installed
channels, and other installed options. Press the ESC key to leave this menu.
IDENTIFICATION
MICROWAVE LOGIC MULTI-BERT 100
RECEIVER
32 CHANNELS INSTALLED
VERSION V1.5
PRESS ESC FOR MAIN MENU
3-42
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Menu Maps
Menu Maps
The following columns list all the menu, and submenu, choices available from
the MB100 Tx and Rx.
MB100 TX
MB100 RX
Pattern Edit/ Display
Display Active Pattern
Edit Active Pattern
Enter Data
FILL W/ZEROS
FILL W/ADDR
FILL W/PR-7
FILL W/PR-15
FILL W/ROM
Error Injection
Single Error Injection
Per Channel Enable
Error Rate
Per Channel Delay
Change Delay
SET ALL NOMINAL
SET TO NOMINAL
ADD 100 pS
SUB 100 pS
ENTER DELAY
Clock Input Options
DIRECT
PRESCALED
SLAVE-CLK
Clock Output Options
TRUE
INVERT
Channel Monitor Selection
Remote Setup
RS232
GPIB
View Angle (use </> keys)
Identify
Measurements
Display Measurements
Aggregate Measurements
Last Second Only
SYNC Sweep
Pattern Edit/ Display
Display Active Pattern
Edit Active Pattern
Enter Data
FILL W/ZEROS
FILL W/ADDR
FILL W/PR-7
FILL W/PR-15
FILL W/ROM
Per Channel Enable
Clock Input Options
Data Synchronization
Remote Setup
RS232
GPIB
View Angle (use </> keys)
Beep Volume (use </> keys)
Identify
3-43
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Applications
Applications
BERT Technology
Bit Error Rate Tester (BERT)
The MB100 is a BERT, that is, it generates a serial stream of digital data to a
device under test (DUT), in turn, the DUT returns the data to the MB100 where
it is synchronized and a bit-by-bit comparison is performed to determine the bit
error rate (ERRORS/TOTAL BITS).
A basic BERT generates a Pseudorandom Bit Stream (PRBS) with a length of
2N-1. N is typically 7,9,15,23, .... etc., a PRBS pattern with N=7 is referred here
as PRBS-7.
These PATTERNS are generated in the Transmitter (Tx or Generator) and the
Receiver (Rx or Detector), they operate in a continuous loop. The Receiver
synchronizes the data returned by the DUT by either gating off (slipping) clocks
to its internal generator, or for the longer codes, it will open its internal generator
loop, feed the data into the loop, and then close the loop again (feed forward).
The FEED FORWARD method is used for long codes (PRBS-23) because it can
take a very long time to clock slip through the pattern to synchronize, for
example, up to 8 million clock slips to synchronize PRBS-23.
Most BERTs include a PROGRAMMABLE WORD. The programmable word
allows the user to program customized patterns for testing the DUT, and also to
program different patterns into the Tx and Rx, which is required in order to test
devices that change the data before returning it to the Rx.
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3-44
Applications
Simulate Four Channels of Data through Device Under Test
Sample Application #1
For this exercise, we will simulate four channels of data through a Device
Under Test (DUT).
The objectives of this exercise are:
•
Demonstrate how to set up and use the instrument;
•
Show an example of crossed channels, a simulated “real” application.
Equipment List
An External Clock Source is required. Examples
include the Tek GB700 or GB1400 or other.
MB100 Tx
MB100 Rx
MB100 ECL-to-TTL and TTL-to-ECL “pods”
RG178 multiconnector cable
SSMB (Subminiature SMB) cable
gB700 Tx
CLK
mB100 Tx
Prescale
CLK IN
mB100 Rx
Multi-conductor Cable
mB100 ECL-to-TTL
1 2 3 4
mB100 TTL-to-ECL
1 2 3 4
TTL
CLK
IN
TTL
CLK
OUT
Legend
mB100 Tx - Transmitter
mB100 Rx - Receiver
mB100 ECL-to-TTL converter pod
mB100 TTL-to-ECL converter pod
gB700 TX (gigaBERT 700 used to supply clock source)
SSMB Cable
Figure 3-2 Connection diagram (Tx, Rx, ECL-to-TTL and TTL-to-ECL pods)
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3-45
Applications
Please follow the step-by-step instructions below in order.
General Setup
1. Connect the ECL to TTL Translator pod to the MB100 Tx using one of
the black connectorized cables. Do the same with the TTL to ECL
Translator and the MB100 Rx. In each case, the three odd connections
in the connector should be towards the bottom of the instruments.
2. Using five AC power cords, plug in the GB Tx, MB Tx, MB Rx and
both pods. Turn them on. The two pods have their power switches on
the rear panel.
NOTE:
An external clock source is required. For the purposes of this
example, we are using the Tek GB700. A word clock at the channel
rate or an aggregate clock that the MB100 will divide down is
required. One further suggestion when using an external clock source
is to check the interface requirements.
Set the clock frequency on the GB700 to 400 MHz. To do this, push
the “FREQ” button on the GB Tx and use the “STEP’ button and the
two black arrow keys to select “400000” in the Frequency display.
3. In the “OUTPUT” section, push the “CLOCK” button and adjust the
amplitude to 1.00 volt and the offset to -2.00 volts. Since only the
clock output will be used, it is not necessary to perform any additional
adjustments.
4. Connect an SMA-SMA coax cable between the CLOCK output jack
on the GB Tx and the PRESCALE CLOCK Input on the MB100 Tx.
MB100 Setup
The following steps will be performed on the MB100 Tx and Rx:
1. Push the “ESC” button to be sure that you are at the main menu of
both the Tx and Rx.
On the MB100 Rx be sure that the green LED is off in the
“RUN/STOP” button. If it is not, push it once.
2. If the screen(s) on the MB100 Tx or Rx are not easy to read, use the up
and down cursor keys to select the “VIEW ANGLE” entry. Now use
the side cursor keys to adjust the view angle.
3. Now to set up the pattern for both the Tx and Rx. In this case we will
use a 215-1 PRBS pattern. With the cursor keys, select “PATTERN
EDIT/DISPLAY” on both the Tx and Rx. Push the “ENTER” button.
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Applications
4. On both, select “ACTIVE PATTERN=NVRAM0” and push the
“ENTER” button.
Likewise, on both be sure that “PRBS PHASE DELAY=4 BITS” is
also selected.
5. Select “EDIT ACTIVE PATTERN” on both Tx and Rx and push
“ENTER”
6. Using the softkeys under the screen, select “ENTER DATA” and then
select “FILL W/PR-15”. This fills the NVRAM#0 with a PRBS 215-1
data pattern on all channels , but offset from the previous by 4 bits.
This will take about 33 seconds. If a PRBS Phase Delay of zero had
been selected, each channel would have exactly the same pattern with
no offset. Every output would always be identical. Selecting a zero
delay will allow the fill to take place more quickly, in about 7 seconds.
7. Push the “ESC” button to return to the main menu.
8. On both Tx and Rx select “CLOCK INPUT OPTIONS” and push
“ENTER”
9. Use the cursor keys and the soft keys to select “CLOCK
INPUT=TRUE” and 0.0 nS delay.
10. On the Tx likewise select “EXT CLOCK INPUT=PRESCALED” and
“EXT CLOCK PRESCALER=4”. This selection causes the Tx to look
for the external clock input on the “PRESCALE CLOCK” input and
divide its frequency down by 4. The per channel data rate cannot
exceed 110Mhz and the aggregate cannot exceed 3.5 Gbit. All
channels will run at the same rate.
11. Push the “ENTER” button on both Tx and Rx to return to the main
menu.
12. On the MB100 Rx select “PER CHANNEL ENABLE” and press the
“ENTER” button
13. Press the “CHANGE ENABLES” softkey and then do it again to
confirm that you really do want to make changes.
14. Using the channel select and disable softkeys along with the up and
down cursor keys, disable all but the first four channels and then
escape back to the main menu.
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3-47
Applications
15. On the MB100 Rx screen, select “DATA SYNCHRONIZATION” and
then push the “ENTER” button. Be sure that synchronization has been
enabled and, to speed up the synchronization time, select a “SYNC
THRESHOLD” of 16/4096. These selections set the synchronization
so that anytime more than 16 bits out of 4096 are bad, the Rx will
think that it has lost synchronization and will attempt to resynchronize. Push the “ESC” button to return to the main menu.
At this point the test set is fully set up. Since there is no DUT
connected to the pods, the MB100 Rx will have its “SYNC LOSS” and
“CLOCK LOSS” LEDs on.
16. On the MB100 Rx, select “BEEP VOLUME” on the display and then
take one of the SSMB cables and connect it between the “WORD
CLOCK OUT” on the ECL to TTL Translator and “WORD CLOCK
INPUT” on the TTL to ECL Translator connectors. On the MB100 Rx
use the side cursor keys to adjust the volume of the internal error
beeper tone, or to turn it off.
17. Since we have earlier disabled all but the first four channels, connect
the remaining four jumpers to connect the first four channels in a
similar manner as you connected the clock jumper.
18. If everything is working properly the green “SYNCHRONIZED” LED
should be on and the red “ERROR STATUS” LEDs should be off.
Push the “RUN/STOP” button to start taking measurements.
19. On the MB100 Rx, select the “MEASUREMENTS” item from the
Main Menu and then press the “ENTER” button. Use the cursor keys
to select “AGGREGATE RESULTS” and then push the “ENTER”
button. Lastly, select “MEASUREMENTS” and again push the
“ENTER” button. Select Channels 1-8 and observe that there are no
errors.
20. To practice inserting errors on the Tx, select “SINGLE ERROR
INJECT”. Inject an error on one of our four channels. (Note: Some
channels may be disabled for error injection. Use the up and down
error keys to see which channels are enabled for error injection. To
enable disabled channels, press “ESC” then choose “PER-CHANNEL
ENABLE”. Return to the error inject menu.)
3-48
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Applications
Testing for Crossed Channels
Now, let’s artificially cause some errors in one of the channels to show
what happens.
1. On the MB100 Rx, STOP the test.
2. On the MB100 Tx, select “PATTERN EDIT/DISPLAY” from the
Main Menu. Next, select “EDIT ACTIVE PATTERN.
3. Use the up and down cursor keys to select the first address (00000) and
push the “ENTER DATA” soft key.
4. Using the data entry keypad, enter exactly the same hex data as already
shown for that address except that you should substitute a “D” for the
rightmost “F”. Data is entered from left to right except that leading
zeros are not entered. Press “ENTER” when you are done.
On the MB100 Rx start a new test. Only the second channel should
show errors.
5. On the MB100 Rx, turn AutoSync off.
If the delay was set to 4, you can easily identify crossed channels, since
the data expected by the Rx on each channel is different. If the delay
was set to 0, crossed channels will cause no errors, as all channels
carry the same data.
The above demonstration illustrates the operation of the instrument
and gives you some idea as to how it might be used. It can identify
crossed channels, errors in individual channels, and it can detect
crosstalk between channels.
If ECL terminations, rather than TTL terminations are needed, the pods
are not used. The multi-conductor cable connected to the rear of the
pods are already ECL and can be directly connected to the DUT. The
pods are used here to make switching channels easier.
This completes the simulation of four channels of data through a Device
Under Test (DUT).
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3-49
Applications
Differential Signaling Devices: BER Testing
Sample Application #2
Introduction
Bit Error Rate (BER) testing is one way to measure the signal quality/
performance of a communications system. The standard equation for a bit error
rate measurement is:
Bit Error Rate = Number of Bit Errors/Total Number of Bits
Common measurement points are bit error rates of:
<1 x 10-6 -7
One or less errors in 1 million bits sent
<1 x 10 One or less errors in 10 million bits sent
<1 x 10-8 One or less errors in 100 million bits sent
<1 x 10-9 One or less errors in 1 billion bits sent
-10
<1 x 10
One or less errors in 10 billion bits sent
<1 x 10-11 One or less errors in 100 billion bits sent
<1 x 10-12 One or less errors in 1 trillion bits sent
-13
One or less errors in 10 trillion bits sent
-14
One or less errors in 100 trillion bits sent
<1 x 10
<1 x 10
Note that BER testing is time-intensive. The time length of the test is determined
by the data rate and also the desired performance bench mark. See the example
in the chart below.
Minimum Test Times for Various BER Rates
Runtime
Benchmark
Error Rate
-14
1 x 10
Data Rate
seconds
hours
days
50 Mbps
2,000,000
555.6
23.15
Differential Signaling devices can be tested for Bit Error Rate using the MB100
Tx and Rx. In the following example, four drivers were used to drive a length of
standard twisted pair cables at selected data rates. Four receivers were used to
recover the data at the load-end of the cable.
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Applications
Example of BER Test Circuit
Differential drivers and receivers are used in many uncomplicated point-to-point
configurations. Data transmission between system components over long
distances and/or under high noise conditions is difficult with single-ended
drivers and receivers. Differential digital transmission permits transmission at
higher rates over longer distances. This is because the effects of external noise
sources and cross-talk are much less pronounced on the data signal. Differential
signals are insensitive to common-mode voltage.
The following circuit diagram details the test circuit that was used.
PCB#1
DR
mB100
Tx
CH1
PCB#2
Length = L
CHANNEL 1
REC
DIN
from
BER Tx
ROUT
to
BER Rx
DR
CH2
ECL
to
TTL
Twisted Pair Cable
CHANNEL 2
REC
DIN
from
BER Tx
mB100
Rx
CH2
ROUT
to
BER Rx
TTL
to
ECL
CH3
CH3
CH4
CH1
DR
CHANNEL 3
REC
DIN
from
BER Tx
ROUT
to
BER Rx
DR
CHANNEL 4
CH4
REC
DIN
from
BER Tx
ROUT
to
BER Rx
DR = Drive
REC = Receiver
RT 120 Ohms (typical)
Figure 3-3 Differential BER Test Circuit
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3-51
Applications
Example of Test Procedure
A parallel high-speed BER Transmitter/Receiver test set (MB100) was employed
for the tests. The transmitter was connected to the driver inputs, and the receiver
outputs were connected to the BER receiver inputs. Different cable lengths and
data rates were tested. The BER Tester was configured to provide a PRBS
(Pseudo-Random Bit Sequence) of 215-1 (32,767 bit long sequence). In the first
test, the same input signal was applied to all four of the differential channels
under test. For the other tests, the PRBS was offset by 4 bits, thus providing a
random sequence between channels. The coding scheme used was NRZ. Upon
system test configuration, the test was allowed to run uninterrupted for a set
amount of time. At completion of the time block, the results were recorded,
which included: elapsed seconds; total bits transmitted; and the number of bit
errors recorded. For the three tests documented below, a power supply voltage of
+5.0V was used, and the tests were conducted at room temperature.
Example of Tests and Results
The goal of the tests was to demonstrate error rates of less that <1 x 10-12 are
obtainable.
Test#1 Conditions
Data Rate = 50 Mbps
Cable Length = 1 meter
PRBS Code = 215-1 NRZ
For this test, the PRBS code applied to the four driver inputs was identical. This
created an SOS (Simultaneous Output Switching) condition on the device.
Test#1 Results
Total Seconds: 87,085 (1 day)
Total Bits: 1,723 x 1013
Errors = 0
Error Rate = <1 x 10-12
3-52
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Applications
Test #2 Conditions
Data Rate = 110 Mbps
Cable Length = 1 meter
PRBS Code = 215-1 NRZ
For this test, the PRBS code applied to the four driver inputs was offset by four
bits. This creates a random pattern between channels.
Test#2 Results
Total Seconds: 10,717 (~3 hr.)
Total Bits: 4.38 x 1012
Errors = 0
Error Rate = <1 x 10-12
Test #2 Conditions
Data Rate = 110 Mbps
Cable Length = 1 meter
PRBS Code = 215-1 NRZ
For this test, the PRBS code applied to the four driver inputs was offset by four
bits. This creates a random pattern between channels.
Test #3 Conditions
Data Rate = 110 Mbps
Cable Length = 5 meter
PRBS Code = 215-1 NRZ
For this test, the PRBS code applied to the four driver inputs was offset by four
bits. This creates a random pattern between channels.
Test#3 Results
Total Seconds: 10,050 (~3 hr.)
Total Bits: 4 x 1012
Errors = 0
Error Rate = <1 x 10-12
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3-53
Applications
Conclusion
These tests concluded BER rates for various cable lengths can be easily
measured.
BER tests are a way of determining that the PRBS patterns were transmitted
error-free across the link. This was conducted by applying a pattern to the input
and monitoring the receiver output signal.
3-54
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Applications
Validation Testing or Final Manufacturing Testing
Sample Application #3
The MB100 test set can be used to validate bus systems, fiber links or
microprocessors. A test of this type could also be used as a final
manufacturing test of these systems
In the diagrams the follow, three tests can be undertaken:
•
Parallel input to Serial output
•
Serial input to Parallel output
•
Parallel input to Parallel output.
Equipment List
An External Clock Source is required. Examples
are Tek GB700 or GB1400 or other.
MB100 Tx
MB100 Rx
MB100 ECL-to-TTL and TTL-to-ECL “pods”
RG178 multiconnector cable
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3-55
Applications
mB-100 (parallel)
mB-100 (parallel)
gBERT (Serial)
Tx
Rx
Rx
O/E
BUS - Serial
BUS
Interface
Tx
Serial - BUS
Fiber
Rx
BUS
Interface
Interface Under Test
gBERT (Serial)
E/O
Tx
Figure 3-4 Connections - Serial and Parallel Test Sets
n:1 MUX
Serial BERT
Parallel BERT
D0
Tx
fBYTE
f/n Input
Clock Source
Dn
CK
Rx
Q
Data
Clock
fS
fSERIAL Clock
Figure 3-5 Fiber Channel Link and Multiplexer Testing
3-56
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Applications
Testing Analog/Digital Converters
Sample Application #4
mB100
Tx
MSB
MSB
D/A
LSB
A/D
mB100
Rx
LSB
Clock
Source
Figure 3-6 Testing Analog/ Digital Converters
Analog/Digital converter accuracy is usually accepted as + or - one Least
Significant Bit (LSB). However, the MB100 does not recognize the
difference between the Least Significant Bit (LSB) or Most Significant Bit
(MSB). So the LSB channel will always measure errors on perfectly fine
converters.
Get around this by disabling the LSB channel. Then any errors can be
attributed to significant bits, and the problem can be isolated using the
ability of the MB100 to look at each individual channel.
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Applications
3-58
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Appendix A: Specifications
This chapter details the functional specifications of the MB100 Multi-Channel
BER Tester. These specifications include the Transmitter, the Receiver, the
ECL-to-TTL converter and the TTL-to-ECL converter.
MB100T
INPUTS
External Clock Inputs: CLK-IN1 or CLK-IN2 selectable
CLK-IN1:
Direct input
Frequency:
50 kHz to 110 MHz, square wave
Amplitude:
0.5-1 volt peak-to-peak (AC coupled with 0 Volt threshold)
0.0-5.0 volts max (DC coupled with 2.0 Volt threshold)
Termination:
AC coupled, 50-ohm or DC Coupled, 50-ohm
Connector:
BNC, front panel
CLK-IN2:
Prescaled input
Prescale N:
N=4, 8, 10, 12, 16, 20, 24, and 32
Frequency:
1.4GHz max. Divided clock must be <110MHz
Amplitude:
0.5-1 volt peak-to-peak
Termination:
AC coupled, 50 ohm
Connector:
SMA, front panel
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A-1
Specifications
CLOCK OUTPUTS
CLK-OUT1:
Level:
ECL, Differential or Single-Ended
Rate:
Same as the data rate. 110MHz max
Delay range:
+/-2nS, 100 pS step
Polarity:
True/Invert selectable
Connector:
AMP 201311-1, 75 pin connector housing, rear panel
CLK-OUT2:
Level:
ECL, Differential or Single-Ended
Rate:
1/2 data rate
Connector:
AMP 201311-1, 75 pin connector housing, rear panel
CLK-OUT3:
Same as the above CLK-OUT2 except:
Level:
ECL, Single ended, 50 ohm to -2v termination
Rate:
Same as the data rate
Connector:
BNC, front panel
CLK-OUT4:
Same as the above CLK-OUT1 except:
Level:
ECL, Singe ended, 50 Ohm to -2v termination
Rate:
1/2 data rate
Connector:
BNC, front panel
PATTERN GENERATOR
A-2
No. of channels:
16, 24, or 32 Channels
Data format:
NRZ
Data Pattern:
Programmable, or PRBS-27-1 and 215-1
Pattern length:
Programmable, 64K max, 1 word resolution
Memory size:
64K bit deep per channel
Static pattern storage:
Battery backed two 64K individual word patterns
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Specifications
ERROR INSERTION
Controls:
Error injection can be Enable/Disabled on a per-channel basis.
Single Error:
Selected channel only
Multiple Error: Error rate of 10n (n=3, 4, 5, 6 and 7)
Error insert into Enabled channels
DATA OUTPUTS
Data Delay:
+/-2nS in 100 ps step per channel
Output Level: ECL, Single-Ended or Differential
(Use level converter Pod for TTL output)
Connector:
AMP 201311-1, 75 pin housing, rear panel
The ECL Output is connected as shown below:
Differential ECL Output
D
Q
Differential
Receiver
MC10EL16
D
To AMP
Connector
Q
270ohm
270ohm
-5.2 Vdc
Single Ended
ECL Output
D
Q
Differential
Receiver
MC10EL16
D Q
-5.2 Vdc
To AMP
Connector
270ohm
270ohm
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A-3
Specifications
CHANNEL MONITOR OUTPUT
Selection:
Any channel may be selected
Level:
ECL, Single ended, 50 ohm to -2V
Connector:
BNC, front panel
WORD SYNC. OUTPUTS
SYNC OUT1:
Format:
Single bit wide, One pulse per pattern frame
Level:
0-2 peak into 50 ohm to ground
Connector:
BNC, front panel
SYNC OUT2:
Format:
Same as the above SYNC OUT1 except:
Level:
ECL, Single ended, 50 ohm to -2v termination
Connector:
BNC, rear panel
DISPLAY:
16 row X 32 column Back lighted LCD
REMOTE
GPIB:
Compatible with IEEE 488.2
RS-232C:
DB 25 connector
GENERAL
A-4
Size:
8" H X 14" W X 17" D
Power:
AC-115V. 250W nominal
Operating Temp:
+10 to +40 degrees C
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Specifications
MB100TT: ECL-TTL Translator Pods
Inputs:
Accepts the MB100T Single-Ended or Differential
ECL outputs
Connector:
AMP 201311-1, 75 pin housing, Rear panel
Interconnect Cable:
6 foot cable, RG178 coax bundle with mating
connectors.
Outputs: One output for each differential input Data, Clock, and Sync.
Size:
Logic zero Output:
0 +/- 0.4 volts with unterminated load
Logic one Output:
5 +/- 0.4 volts with unterminated load
Source Impedance:
50 ohms, current source driven
Output Connectors:
Sub-miniature SMB (SSMB)
6" H X 10" W X 10" D
Power: AC-115V, 50W nominal
A simplified view of the TTL Driver circuitry for each channel is shown below.
MB100 TTL XLTR Output Circuitry (equivalent circuit)
+5.0
Vdc
50
ohm
Channel -n
10 ohm
SSMB Connectors
Q
100 mA
to control circuitry
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A-5
Specifications
MB100R
CLOCK INPUT
CLK-IN1:
DATA INPUT
Number of Channels:
24 channels (32 channels optional)
Frequency:
110 MHz max.
Level:
ECL, single-ended or differential
Termination:
100 ohms, differential
Delay range:
+/-2nS, 100 pS step
Clock phase:
Rising edge aligned to data transition, nominal
(internal inversion)
Polarity:
True/Invert selectable
Connector:
AMP 201311-1, 75 pin housing, rear panel
INTERNAL REFERENCE PATTERN:
Data Pattern:
Programmable or PRBS 27-1, 215-1
Pattern length:
Programmable, 64K max, 1 Word resolution
Memory size:
64K bit deep per channel
Static pattern storage:
Battery backed, two 64k individual word patterns
The ECL inputs are connected as shown below.
Differential ECL Input
D
From AMP
Connector
Differential
100 ohm Receiver
MC10EL16
D
A-6
Q
Q
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Specifications
Single Ended ECL Input
D
From AMP
Connector
--->
50 ohm
-2.0 Vdc
Q
Differential
Receiver
MC10EL16
D
Q
VBB
SYNCHRONIZATION THRESHOLD:
Threshold Level: Selectable between 256/4096 - 1/65k in 8 levels
OUTPUTS
Word Error:
Format:
RZ, positive true pulse per each word error
Level:
ECL, 50 ohm to -2v termination required
Connector:
BNC, rear panel
Word Sync:
0-2v with 50 ohm terminated to ground (positive pulse)
Connector:
BNC, front panel
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A-7
Specifications
MEASUREMENTS
Average frequency:
System word clock frequency, 10KHz resolution
Bit Error detection:
Simultaneous parallel measurements
Aggregated BER measurements:
Total Bits received:
0 to 1.6E+19
Total Errors:
0 to 999,999,999
0 to 1.6E+19 (Remote read out)
Averaged BER:
9.9E-01 to <1.0E-16
Zero error caused BER of (0.0E+00)
0 to 1.6E+19 (Remote read out)
Others:
Elapsed Seconds, Errored Seconds, Synchronization
Loss Seconds and Clock Loss Seconds: 0 to 4,000,000,000
Aggregate Error Display
Per Channel measurements:
Total Bits received:
0 to 1.6E+19
Total Errors:
0 to 99,999,999
0 to 1.6E+19 (Remote read out)
Average BER:
9.9E-01 to <1.0E-16
1.0E+00 to 1.0E-19 (Remote read out)
Errored Seconds:
0 to 4,000,000,000
1. Each channel of a word is individually detected for errors. Per channel
statistics will be accumulated and displayed for count and error rate. The
error rate is determined by dividing the total errors counted by the clocks
A-8
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Specifications
accumulated since the test was started. Error rates are integrated over the
total test time.
2. The aggregate error rate and error count will be calculated and displayed.
The aggregate error rate is determined by dividing the sum of the errors
detected on all enabled channels by the total clocks counted times number of
channels enabled. Aggregated error rates are integrated over the total test
time.
3. A blanked channel does not contribute anything to the aggregate error rate.
Errors cannot be counted on any disabled channel.
Channel Error Status Display (8 Channels)
ERROR STATUS INDICATORS:
Green LED (1): In Sync. and valid error performance status
Red LEDs (3): Sync loss, word error, and clock loss
Yellow LEDs (4): History of sync loss, word error, clock loss and power loss.
LEDs remain on until reset
AUDIO: Audio tone indications error detected, front panel volume adjustable
DISPLAY:
16 X 32 Back lighted LCD
REMOTE:
GPIB:
Compatible with IEEE 488.2
RS232C:
DB 25 connector
General
Size:
8" H X 14" W X 17" D
Power:
AC-115V, 250W nominal
Operating Temp:
+10 to +40 degrees C
Weight: 22 lb (10 kg)
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A-9
Specifications
MB100RT: TTL-ECL Translator Pods
Inputs:
Data (24 or 32) and word clock (1)
Level:
TTL nominal
Connector:
Sub-miniature SMB (SSMB) Female
Outputs:
Compatible to MB100R
Level:
Differential ECLs
Connector:
AMP 201311-1, 75 pin housing, rear panel and 6 foot cable
Size:
6" H X 10" W X 10" D
Power:
AC-115V, 50W nominal
A simplied view of the TTL inputs is shown below.
MB100 TTL XLTR Input Circuitry (simplified diagram)
SN10KHT5543 TTL to ECL Translator
Vih (min) = 2.0 Vdc, Vil (max) = 0.8 Vdc
Channel 1
Channel 2
Channel 3
Channel 4
Channel 5
Channel 6
Channel 7
Channel 8
TTL/ECL
To MB100 Rx
TTL/ECL
TTL/ECL
TTL/ECL
TTL/ECL
TTL/ECL
TTL/ECL
TTL/ECL
SSMB Connectors
A-10
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Index
-A-
-D-
Accessories
Standard Accessories.............................. 1-9
Optional Accessories .............................. 1-9
Applications
Differential Signaling Devices:
BER Testing..................................... 3-50
Simulate Four Channels of Data through
the Device Under Test...................... 3-45
Testing Analog/Digital Converters......... 3-57
Validation Testing or Final
Manufacturing Testing..................... 3-55
Data Synchronization Menu (Rx) ................. 3-38
Differential Mode.......................................... 2-15
Display Active Pattern Menu
Rx
............................................. 3-30
Tx
............................................. 3-4
-BBeep Volume Menu (Rx) .............................. 3-41
-CCabling
............................................. 2-17
Connection on rear panel of Tx and Rx.. 2-17
Key details of Rear Panel cabling.... 2-18
Subminiature SMB (SSMB) cable ......... 2-18
Channel Monitor Selection Menu (Tx)......... 3-19
Clock
Direct
............................................. 3-16
Prescaled ............................................. 3-16
Clock Input Options Menu
Rx
3-15, 3-37
Tx
3-15, 3-37
Clock Output Options Menu (Tx) ................. 3-18
Controls, Indicators and Connectors ............. 2-2
TX
Front Panel ............................................. 2-2
Input Connectors..................................... 2-3
Output Connectors.................................. 2-3
Rear Panel ............................................. 2-4
RX
Front Panel ............................................. 2-8
Output Connectors.................................. 2-9
Error Analyzer ........................................ 2-9
Rear Panel ............................................. 2-11
Customer Service, how to reach ................... iv
MB100 User Manual
Display Pattern Softkeys
Rx
............................................. 3-32
Tx
............................................. 3-6
-EECL-to-TTL Translator................................. 2-14
Edit Active Pattern Menu
Rx
............................................. 3-33
Tx
............................................. 3-7
Error Injection Menu (Tx)............................. 3-10
-FFeatures & Capabilities................................. 1-4
First Time Operation..................................... 1-12
Turn on the MB100 ................................ 1-12
Verifying Proper Operation .................... 1-13
Cable Connection ................................... 1-14
Clock Source Connection ....................... 1-15
Pattern Selection (PRBS 27-1) ................ 1-15
Single-Error Inject on Each Channel 10
for Continuity Check........................ 1-16
Verify Error-Free Operation................... 1-16
-GGenerate / Detect Custom Patterns ............... 3-9
Getting Started ............................................. 1-1
GPIB Interface- see MB100 programmer manual
-HHEX data, interpreting
3-5, 3-31
-IIdentify Menu
Rx
............................................. 3-42
Tx
............................................. 3-22
Index-1
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Index
-L-
-P-
Line Fuse, changing ..................................... 2-13
Pattern Edit/ Display Menu
Rx
............................................. 3-29
Tx
............................................. 3-3
Pattern Edit/ Display Softkeys (Tx) .............. 3-3
Per Channel Delay Menu (Tx) ...................... 3-13
-MMeasurement Menu (Rx) Softkeys ............... 3-27
Measurements
Aggregrate ............................................. 3-24
Last Second............................................. 3-24
Measurements Menu (Rx)............................. 3-24
Menus and Displays
RX
Beep Volume .......................................... 3-41
Clock Input Options................................ 3-37
Data Synchronization ............................. 3-38
Display Active Pattern............................ 3-30
Display Pattern Softkeys ........................ 3-32
Edit Active Pattern.................................. 3-33
Identify
............................................. 3-42
Measurement Menu (Rx) Softkeys......... 3-27
Measurements ......................................... 3-24
Pattern Edit/ Display............................... 3-29
Per Channel Enable ................................ 3-35
Remote Setup.......................................... 3-40
SYNC Sweep .......................................... 3-28
View Angle ............................................. 3-41
TX
Channel Monitor Selection..................... 3-19
Clock Input Options................................ 3-15
Clock Output Options............................. 3-18
Display Active Pattern............................ 3-4
Display Pattern Softkeys ........................ 3-6
Edit Active Pattern.................................. 3-7
Error Injection......................................... 3-10
Generate/ Detect Custom Patterns.......... 3-9
Identify
............................................. 3-22
Pattern Edit/ Display............................... 3-3
Pattern Edit/ Display Softkeys................ 3-3
Per Channel Delay .................................. 3-13
Per Channel Enable ................................ 3-12
Remote Setup.......................................... 3-20
Single Error Injection ............................. 3-11
View Angle ............................................. 3-21
Menu Maps
Index-2
Per Channel Enable Menu
Rx
............................................. 3-35
Tx
............................................. 3-12
Product Description....................................... 1-2
Accessories ............................................. 1-9
Standard Accessories ....................... 1-9
Optional Accessories........................ 1-9
Overview ............................................. 1-3
Technology
Bit Error Rate Tester (BERT) .......... 3-44
Features & Capabilities .......................... 1-4
-RRemote Setup Menu
Rx
............................................. 3-40
Tx
............................................. 3-20
RS-232 Interface- see programmer manual
-SSafety Summary, General ............................. ix
Single-Ended Mode....................................... 2-15
Single Error Injection Menu (Tx) ................. 3-11
SSMB Cable ............................................. 2-18
SYNC Sweep Menu (Rx).............................. 3-28
-TThreshold Setting .......................................... 3-39
TTL-to-ECL Translator................................. 2-15
-VView Angle Menu
Rx
............................................. 3-41
Tx
............................................. 3-21
............................................. 3-43
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