SAS to SAS/SATA RAID Subsystem User Manual
SAS to SAS/SATA
RAID Subsystem
User Manual
Revision 1.1
SAS to SAS/SATA RAID Subsystem
Table of Contents
Preface ................................................................................................................................5 Before You Begin .............................................................................................................6 Safety Guidelines............................................................................................................................................................... 6 Controller Configurations .............................................................................................................................................. 6 Packaging, Shipment and Delivery ............................................................................................................................ 6 Unpacking the Shipping Carton ............................................................................................................................ 7 Chapter 1
1.1
Product Introduction .................................................................................8 Key Features ............................................................................................................................................................. 9 1.1.1
Technical Specifications.............................................................................................................................10 1.2
RAID Concepts ......................................................................................................................................................12 1.3
Array Definition ..................................................................................................................................................... 17 1.3.1
Raid Set ............................................................................................................................................................ 17 1.3.2
Volume Set .....................................................................................................................................................17 1.4
High Availability .................................................................................................................................................... 18 1.4.1
Creating Hot Spares ................................................................................................................................... 18 1.4.2
Hot-Swap Disk Drive Support ................................................................................................................ 18 1.4.3 Hot-Swap Disk Rebuild .............................................................................................................................. 18 Chapter 2
2.1
Identifying Parts of the RAID Subsystem .......................................... 19 Main Components ............................................................................................................................................... 19 2.1.1
Front View ....................................................................................................................................................... 19 2.1.1.1
Disk Trays............................................................................................................................................... 20 2.1.1.2
Smart Panel ........................................................................................................................................... 21 2.1.1.3
LCD IP Address in Dual Controller Mode ................................................................................ 23 2.1.2
Rear View ........................................................................................................................................................24 2.1.3
Controller Module ....................................................................................................................................... 25 2.1.3.1
2.1.4
Controller Module Panel ................................................................................................................. 25 Power Supply / Fan Module (PSFM) .................................................................................................... 27 2.1.4.1
Chapter 3
PSFM Panel ........................................................................................................................................... 27 Getting Started with the Subsystem................................................... 29 3.1
Preparing the RAID Subsystem and Powering On................................................................................. 29 3.2
Powering On ..........................................................................................................................................................29 3.3
Disk Drive Installation.........................................................................................................................................30 3.3.1
Installing Disk Drive in a Disk Tray .......................................................................................................30 3.3.2
Installing a SATA Disk Drive (Dual Controller Mode) in a Disk Tray ..................................... 33 2
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Chapter 4
RAID Configuration Utility Options .................................................... 37 4.1
Configuration through Telnet ......................................................................................................................... 37 4.2
Configuration through the LCD Panel......................................................................................................... 42 4.2.1
4.3
Menu Diagram .............................................................................................................................................. 43 Configuration through web browser-based proRAID Manager .......................................................49 Chapter 5
5.1
Quick Function ......................................................................................................................................................51 5.1.1
5.2
RAID Management.................................................................................. 51 Quick Create ..................................................................................................................................................51 RAID Set Functions .............................................................................................................................................. 53 5.2.1
Create RAID Set ............................................................................................................................................ 53 5.2.2
Delete RAID Set ............................................................................................................................................ 54 5.2.3
Expand RAID Set .......................................................................................................................................... 55 5.2.4
Offline RAID Set ...........................................................................................................................................58 5.2.5
Rename RAID Set......................................................................................................................................... 59 5.2.6
Activate Incomplete RAID Set ................................................................................................................ 60 5.2.7
Create Hot Spare ......................................................................................................................................... 62 5.2.8
Delete Hot Spare ......................................................................................................................................... 63 5.2.9
Rescue Raid Set ............................................................................................................................................63 5.3
Volume Set Function ..........................................................................................................................................64 5.3.1
Create Volume Set ...................................................................................................................................... 64 5.3.2
Create Raid 30/50/60 ................................................................................................................................. 68 5.3.3
Delete Volume Set ...................................................................................................................................... 69 5.3.4
Modify Volume Set ..................................................................................................................................... 70 5.3.4.1
Volume Set Expansion......................................................................................................................71 5.3.4.2
Volume Set Migration ...................................................................................................................... 72 5.3.5
Check Volume Set ....................................................................................................................................... 73 5.3.6
Schedule Volume Check ........................................................................................................................... 75 5.3.7
Stop Volume Check .................................................................................................................................... 76 5.4
Physical Drive ......................................................................................................................................................... 77 5.4.1
Create Pass-Through Disk ........................................................................................................................ 77 5.4.2
Modify a Pass-Through Disk ...................................................................................................................78 5.4.3
Delete Pass-Through Disk ........................................................................................................................ 78 5.4.4
Set Disk To Be Failed ................................................................................................................................. 79 5.4.5
Activate Failed Disk ..................................................................................................................................... 80 5.4.6
Identify Enclosure......................................................................................................................................... 81 5.4.7
Identify Selected Drive ............................................................................................................................... 81 5.5
System Controls .................................................................................................................................................... 82 5.5.1
System Configuration ................................................................................................................................. 82 5.5.2
Advanced Configuration ........................................................................................................................... 84 User Manual
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5.5.3
HDD Power Management ........................................................................................................................ 87 5.5.4
EtherNet Configuration ............................................................................................................................. 89 5.5.5
Alert By Mail Configuration .....................................................................................................................90 5.5.6
SNMP Configuration ................................................................................................................................... 91 5.5.7
NTP Configuration ....................................................................................................................................... 92 5.5.8
View Events / Mute Beeper ..................................................................................................................... 93 5.5.9
Generate Test Event .................................................................................................................................... 94 5.5.10
Clear Event Buffer...................................................................................................................................... 94 5.5.11
Modify Password ....................................................................................................................................... 95 5.5.12
Upgrade Firmware..................................................................................................................................... 95 5.5.13
Shutdown Controller ................................................................................................................................ 96 5.5.14
Restart Controller ...................................................................................................................................... 97 5.6
Information Menu ................................................................................................................................................ 98 5.6.1
RAID Set Hierarchy ...................................................................................................................................... 98 5.6.2
SAS Chip Information .............................................................................................................................. 100 5.6.3
System Information .................................................................................................................................. 101 5.6.4
Hardware Monitor .................................................................................................................................... 102 Chapter 6
6.1
System Maintenance ............................................................................ 104 Upgrading the RAID Controller’s Cache Memory ............................................................................... 104 6.1.1
Installing Memory Module.................................................................................................................... 104 6.2
Upgrading the RAID Controller’s Firmware ........................................................................................... 105 6.3
Upgrading the Expander Firmware............................................................................................................ 112 6.4 Replacing Subsystem Components...................................................................................................... 114 6.4.1
Replacing Controller Module ............................................................................................................... 114 6.4.1.1
6.4.2
Replacing Power Supply Fan Module .............................................................................................. 115 6.4.2.1
4
Replacing Controller Module with Controller Blanking Plate ....................................... 114 Replacing Power Supply Fan Module with Plate Cover .................................................. 116 User Manual
SAS to SAS/SATA RAID Subsystem
Preface
About this manual
This manual provides information regarding the hardware features, installation and
configuration of the SAS-to-SAS RAID subsystem. This document also describes
how to use the storage management software. Information contained in the manual
has been reviewed for accuracy, but not for product warranty because of the various
environment/OS/settings. Information and specifications will be changed without
further notice.
This manual uses section numbering for every topic being discussed for easy and
convenient way of finding information in accordance with the user’s needs. The
following icons are being used for some details and information to be considered in
going through with this manual:
NOTES:
These are notes that contain useful information and tips
that the user must give attention to in going through with
the subsystem operation.
IMPORTANT!
These are the important information that the user must
remember.
WARNING!
These are the warnings that the user must follow to avoid
unnecessary errors and bodily injury during hardware and
software operation of the subsystem.
CAUTION:
These are the cautions that user must be aware of to
prevent damage to the subsystem and/or its components.
Copyright
No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or
transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying,
recording or otherwise, without the prior written consent.
Trademarks
All products and trade names used in this document are trademarks or registered
trademarks of their respective owners.
Changes
The material in this document is for information only and is subject to change without
notice.
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Before You Begin
Before going through with this manual, you should read and focus on the following
safety guidelines. Notes about the subsystem’s controller configuration and the
product packaging and delivery are also included here.
Safety Guidelines
To provide reasonable protection against any harm on the part of the user and to
obtain maximum performance, user is advised to be aware of the following safety
guidelines particularly in handling hardware components:
Upon receiving of the product:
 Place the product in its proper location.
 Do not try to lift it by yourself alone. Two or more persons are needed to remove
or lift the product to its packaging. To avoid unnecessary dropping out, make
sure that somebody is around for immediate assistance.
 It should be handled with care to avoid dropping that may cause damage to the
product. Always use the correct lifting procedures.
Upon installing of the product:
 Ambient temperature is very important for the installation site. It must not
exceed 30◦C. Due to seasonal climate changes; regulate the installation site
temperature making it not to exceed the allowed ambient temperature.
 Before plugging-in any power cords, cables and connectors, make sure that the
power switches are turned off. Disconnect first any power connection if the power
supply module is being removed from the enclosure.
 Outlets must be accessible to the equipment.
 All external connections should be made using shielded cables and as much as
possible should not be performed by bare hand. Using anti-static hand gloves is
recommended.
 In installing each component, secure all the mounting screws and locks. Make
sure that all screws are fully tightened. Follow correctly all the listed procedures
in this manual for reliable performance.
Controller Configurations
This RAID subsystem supports both single controller and dual controller
configurations. The single controller can be configured depending on the user’s
requirements. On the other side, these controllers can be both configured and be
active to increase system efficiency and to improve performance.
This manual will discusses both single and dual controller configuration.
Packaging, Shipment and Delivery
 Before removing the subsystem from the shipping carton, you should visually
inspect the physical condition of the shipping carton.
 Unpack and verify that the contents of the shipping carton are complete and in
good condition.
 Exterior damage to the shipping carton may indicate that the contents of the
carton are damaged.
 If any damage is found, do not remove the components; contact the dealer where
you purchased the subsystem for further instructions.
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Unpacking the Shipping Carton
The shipping package contains the following:
RAID Subsystem Unit
Two (2) power cords
One (1) external SAS cable for single
RAID controller
Note: Two SAS cables for dual RAID
controllers
One (1) RJ45 Ethernet cable for single
RAID controller
Note: Two Ethernet cables for dual RAID
controllers
One (1) external serial cable RJ11-to-DB9
for single RAID controller
Note: Two serial cables for dual RAID
controllers
One(1) Controller Blanking Plate
Note: For dual RAID controller
One(1) PSFM Plate Cover
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NOTE: If any damage is found, contact the dealer or vendor for assistance.
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SAS to SAS/SATA RAID Subsystem
Chapter 1 Product Introduction
The 12 bays RAID Subsystem
The RAID subsystem features 6Gb SAS host performance to increase system efficiency
and performance. It features high capacity expansion, with 12 hot-swappable
SAS2/SATA3 hard disk drive bays in a 19-inch 2U rackmount unit, scaling to a maximum
storage capacity in the terabyte range. The subsystem also supports dual controllers
which provide better fault tolerance and higher reliability of system operation.
Exceptional Manageability
The firmware-embedded Web Browser-based RAID manager allows local or

remote management and configuration
The firmware-embedded SMTP manager monitors all system events and user

notification automatically
The firmware-embedded SNMP agent allows remote to monitor events via LAN

with no SNMP agent required

Menu-driven front panel display

Innovative modular architecture
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1.1 Key Features

Supports RAID levels 0, 1, 10(1E), 3, 5, 6, 30, 50, 60 and JBOD

Supports online Array roaming

Online RAID level/stripe size migration

Online capacity expansion and RAID level migration simultaneously

Support global and dedicated hot spare

Online Volume Set Expansion

Support multiple array enclosures per host connection

Greater than 2TB per volume set (64-bit LBA support)

Greater than 2TB per disk drive

Supports 4K bytes/sector for Windows up to 16TB per volume set

Disk scrubbing/ array verify scheduling for automatic repair of all configured RAID
sets

Login record in the event log with IP address and service (http, telnet and serial)

Support intelligent power management to save energy and extend service life

Support NTP protocol to synchronize RAID controller clock over the on-board LAN
port

Max 128 LUNs (volume set) per controller

Transparent data protection for all popular operating systems

Instant availability and background initialization

Multi-path & load-balancing support (Microsoft MPIO)

Automatic synchronization of firmware version in the dual-active mode

Supports S.M.A.R.T, NCQ and OOB Staggered Spin-up capable drives

Supports hot spare and automatic hot rebuild

Local audible event notification alarm

Redundant flash image for high availability

Real time clock support
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1.1.1 Technical Specifications
Controller
Single or Redundant
RAID controller
6Gb SAS – 6Gb SAS
Host Interface
Two / Four 6Gb/s SAS (SFF-8088)
Disk Interface
6Gb/s SAS, 6Gb/s SATA
SAS expansion
One / Two 6Gb/s SAS (SFF-8088)
Capacity
Direct attached
12 Disks
Expansion
Up to 144 Disks
Processor type
800MHz Dual Core RAID-On-Chip storage
processor
1GB~4GB / 2GB~8GB DDR3-1333 ECC
Registered SDRAM
Cache memory
Battery backup
Optional
Management port support
Yes
RAID Features
RAID level
0, 1,10(1E), 3, 5, 6, 30, 50, 60 and JBOD
Array group
Up to 128
LUNs
Up to 128
Hot Spare
Yes
Drive Roaming
Yes
Online rebuild
Yes
Variable Stripe Size
Yes
E-mail Notification
Yes
Online capacity expansion,
RAID level /stripe size
migration
Yes
Online array roaming
Yes
Online consistency check
Yes
SMTP manager and SNMP
agent
Yes
Redundant flash image
Yes
Instant availability and
background initialization
Yes
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S.M.A.R.T. support
Yes
MAID 2.0
Yes
Bad block auto-remapping
Yes
Enclosure
Platform
Rackmount
Form Factor
2U
# of hot swap trays
12
Disk status indicator
Access / Fail LED
Backplane
SAS2 / SATA3 Single BP
# of PS/Fan modules
400W x 2 w/PFC
# of fans
2
Power Requirements
AC 90V ~ 264V Full Range
7.5A~4A, 47Hz~63Hz
Environmental
Relative Humidity
10% ~ 85% Non-condensing
Operating Temperature
10°C ~ 40°C (50°F ~ 104°F)
Physical Dimension
590(L) x 482 (W) x 88(H) mm
Weight (Without Disk)
18.2 / 19.7 kg
Note: Specifications are subject to change without notice. All company and
product names are trademarks of their respective owners.
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1.2 RAID Concepts
RAID Fundamentals
The basic idea of RAID (Redundant Array of Independent Disks) is to combine multiple
inexpensive disk drives into an array of disk drives to obtain performance, capacity and
reliability that exceeds that of a single large drive. The array of drives appears to the
host computer as a single logical drive.
Five types of array architectures, RAID 1 through RAID 5, were originally defined; each
provides disk fault-tolerance with different compromises in features and performance. In
addition to these five redundant array architectures, it has become popular to refer to a
non-redundant array of disk drives as a RAID 0 arrays.
Disk Striping
Fundamental to RAID technology is striping. This is a method of combining multiple
drives into one logical storage unit. Striping partitions the storage space of each drive
into stripes, which can be as small as one sector (512 bytes) or as large as several
megabytes. These stripes are then interleaved in a rotating sequence, so that the
combined space is composed alternately of stripes from each drive. The specific type of
operating environment determines whether large or small stripes should be used.
Most operating systems today support concurrent disk I/O operations across multiple
drives. However, in order to maximize throughput for the disk subsystem, the I/O load
must be balanced across all the drives so that each drive can be kept busy as much as
possible. In a multiple drive system without striping, the disk I/O load is never perfectly
balanced. Some drives will contain data files that are frequently accessed and some
drives will rarely be accessed.
By striping the drives in the array with stripes large enough so that each record falls
entirely within one stripe, most records can be evenly distributed across all drives. This
keeps all drives in the array busy during heavy load situations. This situation allows all
drives to work concurrently on different I/O operations, and thus maximize the number
of simultaneous I/O operations that can be performed by the array.
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Definition of RAID Levels
RAID 0 is typically defined as a group of striped disk drives without parity or data
redundancy. RAID 0 arrays can be configured with large stripes for multi-user
environments or small stripes for single-user systems that access long sequential
records. RAID 0 arrays deliver the best data storage efficiency and performance of any
array type. The disadvantage is that if one drive in a RAID 0 array fails, the entire array
fails.
RAID 1, also known as disk mirroring, is simply a pair of disk drives that store duplicate
data but appear to the computer as a single drive. Although striping is not used within a
single mirrored drive pair, multiple RAID 1 arrays can be striped together to create a
single large array consisting of pairs of mirrored drives. All writes must go to both drives
of a mirrored pair so that the information on the drives is kept identical. However, each
individual drive can perform simultaneous, independent read operations. Mirroring thus
doubles the read performance of a single non-mirrored drive and while the write
performance is unchanged. RAID 1 delivers the best performance of any redundant array
type. In addition, there is less performance degradation during drive failure than in RAID
5 arrays.
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RAID 3 sector-stripes data across groups of drives, but one drive in the group is
dedicated for storing parity information. RAID 3 relies on the embedded ECC in each
sector for error detection. In the case of drive failure, data recovery is accomplished by
calculating the exclusive OR (XOR) of the information recorded on the remaining drives.
Records typically span all drives, which optimizes the disk transfer rate. Because each
I/O request accesses every drive in the array, RAID 3 arrays can satisfy only one I/O
request at a time. RAID 3 delivers the best performance for single-user, single-tasking
environments with long records. Synchronized-spindle drives are required for RAID 3
arrays in order to avoid performance degradation with short records. RAID 5 arrays with
small stripes can yield similar performance to RAID 3 arrays.
Under RAID 5 parity information is distributed across all the drives. Since there is no
dedicated parity drive, all drives contain data and read operations can be overlapped on
every drive in the array. Write operations will typically access one data drive and one
parity drive. However, because different records store their parity on different drives,
write operations can usually be overlapped.
Dual-level RAID achieves a balance between the increased data availability inherent in
RAID 1, RAID 3, RAID 5, or RAID 6 and the increased read performance inherent in disk
striping (RAID 0). These arrays are sometimes referred to as RAID 10 (1E), RAID 30,
RAID 50 or RAID 60.
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RAID 6 is similar to RAID 5 in that data protection is achieved by writing parity
information to the physical drives in the array. With RAID 6, however, two sets of parity
data are used. These two sets are different, and each set occupies a capacity equivalent
to that of one of the constituent drives. The main advantage of RAID 6 is High data
availability – any two drives can fail without loss of critical data.
In summary:

RAID 0 is the fastest and most efficient array type but offers no fault-tolerance. RAID
0 requires a minimum of one drive.

RAID 1 is the best choice for performance-critical, fault-tolerant environments. RAID
1 is the only choice for fault-tolerance if no more than two drives are used.

RAID 3 can be used to speed up data transfer and provide fault-tolerance in singleuser environments that access long sequential records. However, RAID 3 does not
allow overlapping of multiple I/O operations and requires synchronized-spindle drives
to avoid performance degradation with short records. RAID 5 with a small stripe size
offers similar performance.

RAID 5 combines efficient, fault-tolerant data storage with good performance
characteristics. However, write performance and performance during drive failure is
slower than with RAID 1. Rebuild operations also require more time than with RAID 1
because parity information is also reconstructed. At least three drives are required
for RAID 5 arrays.

RAID 6 is essentially an extension of RAID level 5 which allows for additional fault
tolerance by using a second independent distributed parity scheme (two-dimensional
parity). Data is striped on a block level across a set of drives, just like in RAID 5, and
a second set of parity is calculated and written across all the drives; RAID 6 provides
for an extremely high data fault tolerance and can sustain multiple simultaneous
drive failures. It is a perfect solution for mission critical applications.
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RAID Management
The subsystem can implement several different levels of RAID technology. RAID levels
supported by the subsystem are shown below.
RAID Level
Description
Min. Drives
0
Block striping is provide, which yields higher
performance than with individual drives. There is
no redundancy.
1
1
Drives are paired and mirrored. All data is 100%
duplicated on an equivalent drive. Fully
redundant.
2
3
Data is striped across several physical drives.
Parity protection is used for data redundancy.
3
5
Data is striped across several physical drives.
Parity protection is used for data redundancy.
3
6
Data is striped across several physical drives.
Parity protection is used for data redundancy.
Requires N+2 drives to implement because of
two-dimensional parity scheme.
4
10 (1E)
Combination of RAID levels 1 and 0. This level
provides striping and redundancy through
mirroring. RAID 10 requires the use of an even
number of disk drives to achieve data protection,
while RAID 1E (Enhanced Mirroring) uses an odd
number of drives.
4 (3)
30
Combination of RAID levels 0 and 3. This level is
best implemented on two RAID 3 disk arrays
with data striped across both disk arrays.
6
50
RAID 50 provides the features of both RAID 0
and RAID 5. RAID 50 includes both parity and
disk striping across multiple drives. RAID 50 is
best implemented on two RAID 5 disk arrays
with data striped across both disk arrays.
6
60
RAID 60 combines both RAID 6 and RAID 0
features. Data is striped across disks as in RAID
0, and it uses double distributed parity as in
RAID 6. RAID 60 provides data reliability, good
overall performance and supports larger volume
sizes.
RAID 60 also provides very high reliability
because data is still available even if multiple disk
drives fail (two in each disk array).
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1.3 Array Definition
1.3.1 Raid Set
A Raid Set is a group of disk drives containing one or more logical volumes called
Volume Sets. It is not possible to have multiple Raid Sets on the same disk drives.
A Volume Set must be created either on an existing Raid Set or on a group of available
individual disk drives (disk drives that are not yet a part of a Raid Set). If there are
existing Raid Sets with available raw capacity, new Volume Set can be created. New
Volume Set can also be created on an existing Raid Set without free raw capacity by
expanding the Raid Set using available disk drive(s) which is/are not yet Raid Set
member. If disk drives of different capacity are grouped together in a Raid Set, then
the capacity of the smallest disk will become the effective capacity of all the disks in
the Raid Set.
1.3.2 Volume Set
A Volume Set is seen by the host system as a single logical device. It is organized in a
RAID level with one or more physical disks. RAID level refers to the level of data
performance and protection of a Volume Set. A Volume Set capacity can consume all
or a portion of the r a w capacity available in a Raid Set. Multiple Volume Sets can
exist on a group of disks in a Raid Set. Additional Volume Sets created in a specified
Raid Set will reside on all the physical disks in the Raid Set. Thus each Volume Set on
the Raid Set will have its data spread evenly across all the disks in the Raid Set.
Volume Sets of different RAID levels may coexist on the same Raid Set.
In the illustration below, Volume 1 can be assigned a RAID 5 level while Volume 0 might
be assigned a RAID 10 level.
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1.4 High Availability
1.4.1 Creating Hot Spares
A hot spare drive is an unused online available drive, which is ready to replace a failed
disk drive. In a RAID level 1, 10, 3, 5, 6, 30, 50, or 60 Raid Set, any unused online
available drive installed but not belonging to a Raid Set can be defined as a hot spare
drive. Hot spares permit you to replace failed drives without powering down the system.
When the RAID subsystem detects a drive failure, the system will do automatic and
transparent rebuild using the hot spare drives. The Raid Set will be reconfigured and
rebuilt in the background while the RAID subsystem continues to handle system request.
During the automatic rebuild process, system activity will continue as normal, however,
the system performance and fault tolerance will be affected.
IMPORTANT: The hot spare must have at least the same or more
capacity as the drive it replaces.
1.4.2 Hot-Swap Disk Drive Support
The RAID subsystem has built-in protection circuit to support the replacement of
SATA II hard disk drives without having to shut down or reboot the system. The
removable hard drive tray can deliver “hot swappable” fault-tolerant RAID solution at a
price much less than the cost of conventional SCSI hard disk RAID subsystems. This
feature is provided in the RAID subsystem for advance fault tolerant RAID protection and
“online” drive replacement.
1.4.3 Hot-Swap Disk Rebuild
The Hot-Swap feature can be used to rebuild Raid Sets with data redundancy such as
RAID level 1, 10, 3, 5, 6, 30, 50 and 60. If a hot spare is not available, the failed disk
drive must be replaced with a new disk drive so that the data on the failed drive can
be rebuilt. If a hot spare is available, the rebuild starts automatically when a drive
fails. The RAID subsystem automatically and transparently rebuilds failed drives in the
background with user-definable rebuild rates. The RAID subsystem will automatically
continue the rebuild process if the subsystem is shut down or powered off abnormally
during a reconstruction process.
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Chapter 2 Identifying Parts of the RAID Subsystem
2.1 Main Components
2.1.1 Front View
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2.1.1.1 Disk Trays
HDD Status Indicator
Part
Function
HDD Activity LED
This LED will blink blue when the hard drive is being accessed.
HDD Fault LED
Green LED indicates power is on and hard drive status is good
for this slot. If there is no hard drive, the LED is red. If hard
drive defected in this slot or the hard drive is failure, the LED
is blinking red.
Lock Indicator
Every Disk Tray is lockable and is fitted with a lock indicator to indicate
whether or not the tray is locked into the chassis or not. Each tray is also fitted with
an ergonomic handle for easy tray removal.
When the Lock Groove is horizontal, this indicates that the Disk Tray is locked. When
the Lock Groove is vertical, then the Disk Tray is unlocked.
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2.1.1.2 Smart Panel
Smart Function Keys
PARTS
FUNCTION
Use the Up or Down arrow keys to go through the
information on the LCD screen. This is also used to
move between each menu when you configure the
subsystem.
Up and Down
Arrow buttons
is pressed
NOTE: When the Down Arrow button
3 times, the LCD control will shift to the other RAID
controller (in redundant controller mode) and the
other RAID controller’s IP address will be shown in
LCD.
Select button
Exit button
This is used to enter the option you have selected.
EXIT
Press this button to return to the previous menu.
NOTE: This button can also be used to reset the
alarm beeper.
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Environment Status LEDs
Parts
Function
Power LED
Green LED indicates power is ON.
Power Fail LED
If a redundant power supply unit fails, this
LED will turn to RED and alarm will sound.
Fan Fail LED
When a fan fails or the fan’s rotational speed
is below 700RPM, this LED will turn red and
an alarm will sound.
Over Temperature LED
If temperature irregularities in the system
occurs (HDD slot temperature over 65°C,
Controller temperature over 80°C, CPU
Temperature over 90°C), this LED will turn
RED and alarm will sound.
Voltage Warning LED
An alarm will sound warning of a voltage
abnormality and this LED will turn red.
Activity LED
This LED will blink blue when the RAID
subsystem is busy or active.
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2.1.1.3 LCD IP Address in Dual Controller Mode
In dual controller mode, the RAID subsystem has 2 IP addresses which can be
accessed separately.
By default, the IP address of Controller 1 is shown.
To view the IP address of Controller 2, press the “Down Arrow”
front panel three (3) times.
button in the
When the IP address of Controller 1 is shown, there is no blinking rectangular
character at the end of the IP address.
When the IP address of Controller 2 is shown, there is a blinking rectangular
character at the end of the IP address.
When the IP address has a link (connected to network), there is an “*” at the end
of the IP address. When there is no link, there is no “*”.
Controller 1 IP Address (No rectangular character)
Controller 1 has Link
Controller 1 has no Link
Controller 2 IP Address (With rectangular character blinking)
Controller 2 has Link
Controller 2 has no Link
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2.1.2 Rear View
Single Controller
Dual Controller
Controller Module – The subsystem has single or dual controller modules.
Power Supply / Fan Module #1, #2 – Two power supply / fan modules are
located at the rear of the subsystem.
Power Fail LED will turn red and an alarm
If the power supply fails to function, the
will sound. An error message will also appear on the LCD screen warning of power
failure.
The fan in a power supply fan module is powered independently. When a power
supply fails, the fan will still be working and provides airflow inside the enclosure.
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2.1.3 Controller Module
RAID Controller Module
2.1.3.1 Controller Module Panel
Note: Only one host cable is included in the package. Additional host
cables are optional and can be purchased separately for upgrade.
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Part
Description
Host Channel A, B
Two host channels (A and B) are available and
can be use to connect to SAS HBA on the Host
system, or to connect to SAS switch.
SAS Expansion Port
Use for expansion; connect to the SAS In Port
of a JBOD subsystem.
COM2
RJ-11 port; Use to connect to CLI (command
line interface) for example to upgrade expander
firmware. See section 6.3 Upgrading the
Expander Firmware.
COM1
RJ-11 port; Use to check controller debug
messages
R-Link Port
10/100/1000 Ethernet RJ-45 port; Use to
manage the RAID subsystem via network and
web browser.
Indicator LED
Color
Description
Green
Indicates Host Channel has connected or linked.
Blue
Indicates the Host Channel is busy and being
accessed.
Green
Indicates expander has connected or linked.
Blue
Indicates the expander is busy and being
accessed.
Blink
RED
Indicates that controller has failed.
Blink
Green
Indicates that controller is working fine.
Solid
Green
Indicates that controller is hung.
Link LED
Activity LED
Fault LED
CTRL
Heartbeat LED
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2.1.4 Power Supply / Fan Module (PSFM)
The RAID subsystem contains two 400W Power Supply / Fan Modules. All the
Power Supply / Fan Modules (PSFMs) are inserted into the rear of the chassis.
2.1.4.1 PSFM Panel
The panel of the Power Supply/Fan Module contains: the Power On/Off Switch, the
AC Inlet Plug, and a Power On/Fail Indicator showing the Power Status LED,
indicating ready or fail.
Each fan within a PSFM is powered independently of the power supply within the
same PSFM. So if the power supply of a PSFM fails, the fan associated with that
PSFM will continue to operate and cool the enclosure.
When the power cord connected from main power source is inserted to the AC
Power Inlet, the power status LED becomes RED. When the switch of the PSFM is
turned on, the LED will turn GREEN. When the Power On/Fail LED is GREEN, the
PSFM is functioning normally.
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NOTE: Each PSFM has one Power Supply and one Fan. PSFM 1 has
Power#1 and Fan#1, and PSFM 2 has Power#2 and Fan#2. When the
Power Supply of a PSFM fails, the PSFM need not be removed from
the slot if replacement is not yet available. The fan will still work and
provide necessary airflow inside the enclosure.
In replacing the failed PSFM, refer to Appendix section of this manual.
NOTE: After replacing the Power Supply Fan Module and turning on
the Power On/Off Switch of the PSFM, the Power Supply will not
power on immediately. The Fan in the PSFM will spin-up until the
RPM becomes stable. When Fan RPM is already stable, the RAID
controller will then power on the Power Supply. This process takes
more or less 30 seconds. This safety measure helps prevent possible
Power Supply overheating when the Fan cannot work.
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Chapter 3 Getting Started with the Subsystem
3.1 Preparing the RAID Subsystem and Powering On
1. Place the RAID subsystem in its proper place.
2. Connect the SAS cable(s) to the SAS Host Channel(s).
3. Attach network cable to the R-Link port. Connect the other end to your network
hub or switch.
3.2 Powering On
1. Plug in the power cords into the AC Power Input Socket located at the rear of the
subsystem.
NOTE: The subsystem is equipped with redundant, full range
power supplies with PFC (power factor correction). The system
will automatically select voltage.
2. Turn on each Power On/Off Switch to power on the subsystem.
3. The Power LED on the front Panel will turn green.
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3.3 Disk Drive Installation
This section describes the physical locations of the hard drives supported by the
subsystem and give instructions on installing a hard drive. The subsystem supports
hot-swapping allowing you to install or replace a hard drive while the subsystem is
running.
NOTE: In this model, it is recommended to use 6Gb hard drive
disks.
3.3.1 Installing Disk Drive in a Disk Tray
1. Unlock the Disk Trays using a flat-head screw driver by rotating the Lock Groove.
2. Press the Tray Open button and the Disk Tray handle will flip open.
Tray
Open
Button
3. Pull out an empty disk tray.
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4. Place the hard drive in the disk tray. Turn the disk tray upside down. Align the
four screw holes of the SAS disk drive in the four Hole A of the disk tray. To
secure the disk drive into the disk tray, tighten four screws on these holes of the
disk tray. Note in the picture below where the screws should be placed in the disk
tray holes.
Tray Hole A
NOTE: All the disk tray holes are labelled accordingly.
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5. Slide the tray into a slot.
6. Press the lever in until you hear the latch click into place. The HDD Fault LED will
turn green when the subsystem is powered on and HDD is good.
7. If necessary, lock the Disk Tray by turning the Lock Groove.
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3.3.2 Installing a SATA Disk Drive (Dual Controller Mode) in a Disk Tray
1. Remove an empty disk tray from the subsystem.
2. Prepare the dongle board, the Fixed Bracket, and screws.
Fixed Bracket
Dongle Board
Screws
3. Attach the dongle board in the Fixed Bracket with a screw.
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4. Place the Fixed Bracket with the dongle board in the disk tray as shown.
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5. Turn the tray upside down. Align the holes of the Fixed Bracket in the two Hole d
of the disk tray. Tighten two screws to secure the Fixed Bracket into the disk tray.
Tray Hole d
NOTE: All the disk tray holes are labelled accordingly.
6. Place the SATA disk drive into the disk tray. Slide the disk drive towards the
dongle board.
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7. Turn the disk tray upside down. Align the four screw holes of the SATA disk drive
in the four Hole B of the disk tray. To secure the disk drive into the disk tray,
tighten four screws on these holes of the disk tray. Note in the picture below
where the screws should be placed in the disk tray holes.
Tray Hole B
NOTE: All the disk tray holes are labelled accordingly.
8. Insert the disk tray into the subsystem.
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Chapter 4 RAID Configuration Utility Options
Configuration Methods
There are t h r e e methods of configuring the RAID controller:
a. Front panel touch-control buttons
b. Web browser-based remote RAID management via the R-Link Ethernet port
c. Telnet connection via the R-Link Ethernet port
NOTE: The RAID subsystem allows you to access using only one
method at a time. You cannot use more than one method at the
same time.
4.1 Configuration through Telnet
NOTE: This example uses CRT terminal emulation program. You
can also use Windows Hyper terminal as another option.
1. To connect to RAID subsystem using Telnet, open Terminal Emulation program
(example, CRT 6.1) and start new session, and select Telnet protocol. Click “Next”.
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2. Enter the RAID subsystem’s IP address. Make sure the PC running the terminal
emulation program can connect to the RAID subsystem’s IP address. Click “Next”.
3. Rename the Session name if necessary. Click “Finish”.
4. Select the Session name and click “Connect”.
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5. After successful connection, the Main Menu will be displayed. Select a menu and the
Password box will be shown. Enter password (default is 00000000) to login.
Keyboard Function Key Definitions
“A” key - to move to the line above
“Z” key - to move to the next line
“Enter” key - Submit selection function
“ESC” key - Return to previous screen
“L” key - Line draw
“X” key – Redraw
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Main Menu
The main menu shows all function that enables the customer to execute actions by
clicking on the appropriate link.
NOTE: The password option allows user to set or clear the
RA ID subsystem’s password protection feature. Once the
password has been set, the user can only monitor and configure
the RAID subsystem by providing the correct password. The
password is used to protect the RAID subsystem from
unauthorized access. The controller will check the password only
when entering the Main menu from the initial screen. The RAID
subsystem will automatically go back to the initial screen when
it does not receive any command in twenty seconds. The RAID
subsystem’s factory default password is set to 00000000.
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VT100 terminal configuration Utility Main Menu Options
Select an option and the related information or submenu items display beneath it. The
submenus for each item are shown in Section 4.2.1. The configuration utility main
menu options are:
Option
Description
Quick Volume And Raid
Set Setup
Create a RAID configuration which
consists of all physical disks installed
Raid Set Functions
Create a customized Raid Set
Volume Set Functions
Create a customized Volume Set
Physical Drive Functions
View individual disk information
Raid System Functions
Setting the Raid system configurations
Ethernet Configuration
Setting the Ethernet configurations
Views System Events
Record all system events in the buffer
Clear Event Buffer
Clear all event buffer information
Hardware Monitor
Show all system environment status
System Information
View the controller information
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4.2 Configuration through the LCD Panel
All configurations can be performed through the LCD Display front panel function keys,
except for the “Firmware update”. The LCD provides a system of screens with areas for
information, status indication, or menus. The LCD screen displays menu items or other
information up to two lines at a time. The RAID controller’s factory default password is
set to 00000000.
Function Key Definitions
The four function keys at side of the front panel perform the following functions:
Parts
Use the Up or Down arrow keys to go through the
information on the LCD screen. This is also used to
move between each menu when you configure the
subsystem.
Up and Down
Arrow buttons
Select button
Exit button
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Function
This is used to enter the option you have selected.
EXIT
Press this button to return to the previous menu.
NOTE: This button can also be used to reset the
alarm beeper.
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4.2.1 Menu Diagram
The following menu diagram is a summary of the various configurations and setting
functions that can be accessed through telnet.
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4.3 Configuration through web browser-based proRAID Manager
The RAID subsystem can be remotely configured via R-Link port with proRAID Manager,
a web browser-based application. The proRAID Manager can be used to manage all
available functions of the RAID controller.
To configure the RAID subsystem from a remote machine, you need to know its IP Address.
Launch your web browser from remote machine and enter in the address bar: http://[IP
Address].
IMPORTANT! The default IP address of Controller R-Link Port is
192.168.1.100 and subnet mask is 255.255.255.0. DHCP client
function is also enabled by default. You can reconfigure the IP
Address or disable the DHCP client function through the LCD
front panel or terminal “Ethernet Configuration” menu.
NOTE: If DHCP client function is enabled but a DHCP server is
unavailable and the IP address is changed, a Controller Restart is
necessary. If the DHCP client function is disabled and the IP
address is changed, Controller Restart is not needed.
Note that you may need to be logged in as administrator with local admin rights on
the remote machine to remotely configure the RAID subsystem. The RAID subsystem
controller default User Name is “admin” and the Password is “00000000”.
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Main Menu
The main menu shows all available function that user can execute by clicking on the
appropriate hyperlink.
Individual Category
50
Description
Quick Function
Create a RAID configuration, which consists
of all physical disks installed. The Volume
Set Capacity, Raid Level, and Stripe Size can
be modified during setup.
Raid Set Functions
Create customized Raid Sets.
Volume Set
Functions
Create customized V olume S ets and allow
m odification of parameters of existing Volume
Sets parameter.
Physical Drive
Create pass through disks and allow
modification of parameters of existing pass
through drives. This also provides a function
to identify a disk drive.
System Control
For setting the RAID system configurations.
Information
To view the controller and hardware
monitor information. The Raid Set hierarchy
can also be viewed through the Raid Set
Hierarchy item.
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Chapter 5 RAID Management
5.1 Quick Function
5.1.1 Quick Create
The number of physical drives in the RAID subsystem determines the RAID levels
that can be implemented with the Raid Set. This feature allows user to create a
Raid Set associated with exactly one Volume Set. User can change the Raid Level,
Capacity, Volume Initialization Mode and Stripe Size. A hot spare can also be
created depending upon the existing configuration.
If the Volume Set size is over 2TB, an option “Greater Two TB Volume Support” will
be automatically provided in the screen as shown in the example below. There are
three options to select: “No”, “64bit LBA”, and “4K Block”).
Greater Two TB Volume Support:
No: Volume Set capacity is set to maximum 2TB.
64bit LBA: Use this option for UNIX, Linux 2.6, and Windows Server 2003 + SP1 or
later versions. The maximum Volume Set size is up to 512TB.
4K Block: Use this option for Windows OS such as Windows 2000, 2003, or
XP. The maximum Volume Set size is 16TB. Just use the Volume as “Basic Disk”.
Volume can’t be used as “Dynamic Disk”; also can’t be used in 512Bytes block
service program.
Tick on the Confirm The Operation o p t i o n and click on the Submit button in the
Quick Create screen. The Raid Set and Volume Set will start to initialize.
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You can use RaidSet Hierarchy feature to view the Volume Set information (Refer to
Section 5.6.1).
NOTE: In Quick Create your Raid Set is automatically configured
based on the number of disks in your system. Use the Raid Set
Function and Volume Set Function if you prefer to customize the
Raid Set and Volume Set.
NOTE: In Quick Create, the RAID Level options 30, 50, and 60 are
not available. If you need to create Volume Set with RAID Level 30,
50, or 60, use the Create RAID Set function and Create Volume Set
function.
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5.2 RAID Set Functions
Use the Raid Set Function and Volume Set Function if you prefer to create customized
Raid Sets and Volume Sets. User can manually configure and take full control of the
Raid Set settings, but it will take a little longer to setup than the Quick Create
configuration. Select the Raid Set Function to manually configure the Raid Set for the
first time or t o delete existing Raid Set and reconfigure a R aid Set.
5.2.1 Create RAID Set
To create a Raid S et, click on the Create RAID Set link. A “Select The Drives
For RAID Set” screen is displayed showing the disk drives in the system. T i c k t h e
b o x o f e a c h d i s k d r i v e t h a t w i l l b e i n c l u d e d i n Raid Set to be created. Enter
the preferred Raid Set Name (1 to 16 alphanumeric characters) to define a unique
identifier for the Raid Set. The default Raid Set name will always appear as Raid Set
# xxx.
128 volumes is the default mode for SAS RAID controller, the 16 volumes mode is used
for support roaming this raidset to SATA RAID controllers. The SATA RAID controller is
designed to support up to 16 volumes only. You have to use “Max 16 volumes” on the
raidset mode if you plan to roam this raidset between SAS RAID controller and SATA
RAID controller.
Tick on the Confirm The Operation option and click on the Submit button in the
screen.
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5.2.2 Delete RAID Set
To delete a Raid Set, click on the Delete RAID Set link. A “Select The RAID SET
To Delete” screen is displayed showing all Raid Sets existing in the system. Select the
Raid Set you want to delete in the Select column.
Tick on the Confirm The Operation and click on the Submit button to process with
deletion.
NOTE: You cannot delete a Raid Set containing a Raid 30/50/60
Volume Set. You must delete the Raid 30/50/60 Volume Set first.
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5.2.3 Expand RAID Set
Use this option to expand a Raid Set, when one or more disk drives is/are added to the
system. This function is active when at least one drive is available.
To expand a Raid Set, click on the Expand RAID Set link. Select the Raid Set which you
want to expand.
Tick on the available disk(s) and check Confirm The Operation. Click on the Submit
button to add the selected disk(s) to the Raid Set.
NOTE: Once the Expand Raid Set process has started, user
cannot stop it. The process must be completed.
NOTE: If a disk drive fails during Raid Set expansion and a hot
spare is available, an auto rebuild operation will occur after
the Raid Set expansion is completed.
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NOTE: A Raid Set cannot be expanded if it contains a Raid
30/50/60 Volume Set.
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Migration occurs when a disk is added to a R aid S et. Migrating status is displayed in
the Raid Set status area of the Raid Set information. Migrating status is also displayed
in the Volume Set status area of the Volume Set Information for all Volume Sets under
the Raid Set which is migrating.
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5.2.4 Offline RAID Set
If user wants to offline (and move) a Raid Set while the system is powered on, use the
Offline Raid Set function. After completing the function, the HDD state of RAID Set
member drives will change to “Offlined” Mode and the HDD Status LEDs will be blinking
RED.
To offline a Raid Set, click on the Offline RAID Set link. A “Select The RAID SET To
Offline” screen is displayed showing all existing Raid Sets in the subsystem. Select the
Raid Set which you want to offline in the Select column.
Tick on the Confirm The Operation, and then click on the Submit button.
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5.2.5 Rename RAID Set
Use this function to rename a RAID Set. Select the “Rename RAID Set” under the RAID
Set Functions, and then select the Select the RAID Set to rename and click “Submit”.
Enter the new name for the RAID Set. Tick the “Confirm The Operation” and click
“Submit”.
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5.2.6 Activate Incomplete RAID Set
When Raid Set State is “Normal”, this means there is no failed disk drive.
When does “Incomplete” Raid Set State Happens?
If the RAID subsystem is powered off and one disk drive is removed or has failed in
power off state, and when the subsystem is powered on, the Raid Set State will
change to “Incomplete”.
The Volume Set will not be visible and the failed or removed disk will be shown as
“Missing”. At the same time, the Host system will not detect the Volume Set,
hence the volumes are not accessible.
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When can the “Activate Incomplete RAID Set” function be used?
In order to access the Volume Set and corresponding data, use the Activate
Incomplete RAID Set function to active the Raid Set. After selecting this
function, the Raid State will change to “Degraded” state.
To activate the incomplete the Raid Set, click on the Activate Incomplete RAID
Set link. A “Select The Raid Set To Activate” screen is displayed showing all existing Raid
Sets in the subsystem. Select the Raid Set with “Incomplete” state which you want to
activate in the Select column.
Click on the Submit button to activate the Raid Set. The Volume Set(s) associated
with the Raid Set will become accessible in “Degraded” mode.
NOTE: The “Activate Incomplete RAID Set” function is only used
when Raid Set State is “Incomplete”. It cannot be used when Raid
Set configuration is lost. In case Raid Set configuration is lost,
contact your vendor for support.
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5.2.7 Create Hot Spare
The Create Hot Spare option gives you the ability to define a global hot spare.
When you choose the Create Hot Spare option in the Raid Set Function, all
unused (n on Raid Set member) disk drives in the subsystem appear. Select the
target disk drive by clicking on the appropriate check box. Select the Hot Spare
Type. Tick on the Confirm The Operation and click on the Submit button to
create hot spare drive(s).
Hot Spare Type
Description
Global Hot Spare
The Hot Spare disk is a hot spare on all
enclosures connected in daisy chain. It can
replace any failed disk in any enclosure.
Dedicated to RaidSet
The Hot Spare disk is a hot spare dedicated
only to the RaidSet where it is assigned. It
can replace any failed disk in the RaidSet
where it is assigned.
Dedicated to Enclosure
The Hot Spare disk is a hot spare dedicated
only to the enclosure where it is located. It
can replace any failed disk on the enclosure
where it is located.
NOTE: When the Raid Set status is in
Degraded state, this option will not work.
NOTE: The Hot Spare Type can also be viewed by clicking on Raid
Set Hierarchy in the Information menu.
NOTE: The capacity of the hot spare disk(s) must be equal to or
greater than the smallest hard disk size in the subsystem so that
it/they can replace any failed disk drive.
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5.2.8 Delete Hot Spare
Select the target Hot Spare disk(s) to delete by clicking on the appropriate check box.
Tick on the Confirm The Operation, and click on the Submit button in the screen to
delete the hot spare(s).
5.2.9 Rescue Raid Set
If you need to recover missing Raid Set configuration using the “Rescue Raid Set”
function, please contact your vendor’s support engineer for assistance.
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5.3 Volume Set Function
Volume Set is seen by the host system as a single logical device. It is organized in a
RAID level with one or more physical disks. RAID level refers to the level of data
performance and protection of a Volume Set. A Volume Set capacity can consume all
or a portion of the r aw capacity available in a Raid Set. Multiple
Volume Sets can exist on a group of disks in a Raid Set. Additional Volume Sets
created in a specified Raid Set will reside on all the physical disks in the Raid Set. Thus
each Volume Set on the Raid Set will have its data spread evenly across all the disks in
the Raid Set.
5.3.1 Create Volume Set
The following are the Volume Set features:
1. Volume sets of different RAID levels may coexist on the same Raid Set.
2. Up to 128 Volume Sets in a Raid Set can be created by the RAID controller.
To create Volume Set from a Raid Set, expand the Volume Set Functions in the main
menu and click on the Create Volume Set link. The Select The Raid Set To Create
On It screen will show all existing Raid Sets. Tick on the Raid Set where you want to
create the Volume Set and then click on the Submit button.
The Volume Set setup screen allows user to configure the Volume Name, Capacity,
RAID level, Initialization Mode, Stripe Size, Cache Mode, Tagged Command Queuing,
Controller #1 SAS Port Mapping, Controller #2 SAS Port Mapping, LUN Base:LUN, and
Volume To Be Created.
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Volume Name:
The default Volume Set name will appear as “Volume---VOL#XXX”. You can
rename the Volume Set name provided it does not exceed the 16 characters limit.
Raid Level:
Set the RAID level for the Volume Set. Click the down-arrow in the drop-down list. The
available RAID levels for the current Volume Set are displayed. Select the preferred
RAID level.
Capacity:
The maximum Volume Set size is displayed by default. If necessary, change the
Volume Set size appropriate for your application.
Greater Two TB Volume Support:
If the Volume Set size is over 2TB, an option “Greater Two TB Volume Support” will be
automatically provided in the screen as shown in the example above. There are three
options to select: “No”, “64bit LBA”, and “4K Block”).
No: Volume Set size is set to maximum 2TB limitation.
64bit LBA: Use this option for UNIX, Linux kernel 2.6 or later, and Windows
Server 2003 + SP1 or later versions. The maximum Volume Set size is up to
512TB.
4K Block: Use this option for Windows OS such as Windows 2000, 2003, or
XP. The maximum Volume Set size is 16TB. Just use the Volume as “Basic Disk”.
Volume can’t be used as “Dynamic Disk”; also can’t be used in 512Bytes block
service program.
Initialization Mode:
Set the Initialization Mode for the Volume Set. Initialization in Foreground mode is
completed faster but must be completed before Volume Set becomes accessible.
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Background mode makes the Volume Set instantly available but the initialization process
takes longer. No Init (To Rescue Volume) is used to create a Volume Set without
initialization; normally used to recreate Volume Set configuration to recover data.
Stripe Size:
This parameter sets the size of the stripe written to each disk in a RAID 0, 1, 10, 5
or 6 Volume Set. You can set the stripe size to 4 KB, 8 KB, 16 KB, 32 KB, 64 KB,
or 128 KB.
A larger stripe size produces better-read performance, especially if your computer
does mostly sequential reads. However, if you are sure that your computer does
random reads more often, select a small stripe size.
NOTE Stripe Size in RAID level 3 can’t be modified.
Cache Mode:
The RAID subsystem supports two types of write caching: Write-Through and WriteBack.
Write-Through: data are both written to the cache and the disk(s) before the
write I/O is acknowledged as complete.
Write-Back: when data is written to cache, the I/O is acknowledged as complete,
and some time later, the cached data is written or flushed to the disk(s). This
provides better performance but requires a battery module support for the
cache memory, or a UPS for the subsystem.
White Protection:
The RAID Subsystem supports write protection: Disabled and Enabled.
Tagged Command Queuing:
When this option is enabled, it enhances the overall system performance under
multi-tasking operating systems by reordering tasks or requests in the command
queue of the RAID system. This function should normally remain enabled.
Controller #1 SAS Port Mapping: Controller #1 has two 6Gbps SAS Host Channels A
and B (Ports 0 and 1). Select the SAS Port where to map the LUN (volume Set).
Controller #2 SAS Port Mapping: Controller #2 has two 6Gbps SAS Host Channels A
and B (Ports 2 and 3). Select the SAS Port where to map the LUN (volume Set).
NOTE: The default Port mapping is Port 0 and 2 and provides dual
path to LUN on both controllers. MPIO must be setup in host/server.
NOTE: If LUN is mapped to a SAS Port on one controller only
(example: Port 0), the cache mirror will be disabled.
NOTE: If LUN is not mapped to any SAS Port, then LUN is disabled.
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LUN Base/LUN:
LUN Base: T h e b ase LUN number. Each LUN Base supports 8 LUNs.
LUN: Each Volume Set must be assigned a unique LUN ID number. A SAS Port can
connect up to 128 devices (LUN ID: 0 to 127). Select the LUN ID for the
Volume Set.
Volumes To Be Created: Use this option to create several Volume Sets with the same
Volume Set attributes. Up to 128 Volume Sets can be created.
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5.3.2 Create Raid 30/50/60
To create a Raid30/50/60 Volume Set, move the mouse cursor to the main menu and
click on the Create Raid30/50/60 link. The Select Multiple RaidSet For
Raid30/50/60 screen will show all R aid S ets. Tick on t h e R aid Sets that you want
to include in the creation and then click on the Submit button.
NOTE: Maximum of 8 Raid Sets is supported. All Raid Sets must
contain the same number of disk drives.
Configure the Volume Set attributes (refer to previous section for the Volume Set
attributes). When done, tick Confirm The Operation and click on Submit button.
NOTE: Refer to Section 5.3.1 Create Volume Set for detailed
information about the Volume Set settings.
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5.3.3 Delete Volume Set
To delete a Volume S et , select the Volume Set Functions in the main menu and
click on the Delete Volume Set link. The Select The Volume Set To Delete
screen will show all available Raid Sets. Tick on a Raid Set and check the Confirm
The Operation option and then click on the Submit button to show all Volume Sets
in the selected Raid Set. Tick on a Volume Set and ch ec k the Confirm The
Operation option. Click on the Submit button to delete the Volume Set.
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5.3.4 Modify Volume Set
Use this function to modify Volume Set configuration.
1. Click on the Modify Volume Set link.
2. Tick from the list the Volume Set you want to modify. Click on the Submit
button.
The following screen appears.
To modify Volume Set attribute values, select an attribute item and click on the attribute
value. After completing the modification, tick on the Confirm The Operation option and
click on the Submit button to save the changes.
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5.3.4.1 Volume Set Expansion
Volume Capacity (Logical Volume Concatenation Plus Re-stripe)
Use the Expand Raid Set function to expand a Raid Set when a disk is added to your
subsystem. (Refer to Section 5.2.3)
The expanded capacity can be used to enlarge the Volume Set size or create another
Volume Set. Use the Modify Volume Set function to expand the Volume Set capacity.
Select the Volume Set and move the cursor to the Volume Set Capacity item and enter
the capacity size.
Tick on the Confirm The Operation and click on the Submit button to complete the
action. The Volume Set starts to expand.
NOTE: The Volume Set capacity of RAID30/50/60 cannot be
expanded.
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5.3.4.2 Volume Set Migration
Migration
a Volume
Migrating
Hierarchy
occurs when a Volume Set migrates from one RAID level to another,
Set stripe size changes, or when a disk is added to a Raid Set.
status is displayed in the Volume S e t status area of the RaidSet
screen during migration.
NOTE: The Stripe Size of a Raid30/50/60 Volume Set cannot be
modified.
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5.3.5 Check Volume Set
Use this function to perform Volume Set consistency check, which verifies the
correctness of redundant data (data blocks and parity blocks) in a Volume Set. This
basically means computing the parity from the data blocks and comparing the results
to the contents of the parity blocks, or computing the data from the parity blocks and
comparing the results to the contents of the data blocks.
NOTE: The Volume Set state must be Normal in order to perform
Check Volume Set. Only RAID levels with parity (redundant data)
such as RAID Levels 3, 5, 6, 30, 50 and 60, support this function.
To perform Check Volume Set function:
1. Click on the Check Volume Set link.
2. Tick from the list the Volume Set you want to check. Select the Check Volume
Set options.
Check Volume Set Options:


Scrub Bad Block If Bad Block Found, Assume Parity Data is Good
Re-compute Parity if Parity Error, Assume Data is Good
NOTE: When the 2 options are not selected, it will only check
for errors. It is recommended to perform Check Volume Set
with the 2 options unselected at first. If the result shows error,
the two options can be selected and redo Check Volume Set to
correct the errors.
3. Tick on Confirm The Operation and click on the Submit button. The Checking
process will be started.
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The checking percentage can also be viewed by clicking on RaidSet Hierarchy in the
Information menu.
NOTE: The result of Check Volume Set function is shown in System
Events Information and Volume Set Information. In System Events
Information, it is shown in the Errors column. In Volume Set
Information, it is shown in Errors Found field.
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5.3.6 Schedule Volume Check
To perform Check Volume Set by schedule, follow these steps:
1. Click on the Schedule Volume Check link.
2. Select the desired schedule that you wish the Check Volume Set function to run.
Tick on Confirm The Operation and click on the Submit button.
Scheduler: Disabled, 1Day (For Testing), 1Week, 2Weeks, 3Weeks, 4Weeks, 8Weeks,
12Weeks, 16Weeks, 20Weeks and 24Weeks.
Check After System Idle: No, 1 Minute, 3 Minutes, 5 Minutes, 10 Minutes, 15 Minutes,
20 Minutes, 30 Minutes, 45Minutes and 60 Minutes.
NOTE: To verify the Volume Check schedule, go to Information ->
RAID Set Hierarchy -> select the Volume Set -> the Volume Set
Information will be displayed.
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5.3.7 Stop Volume Check
Use this option to stop current running Check Volume Set process.
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5.4 Physical Drive
Choose this option from the Main Menu to select a disk drive and to perform the
functions listed below.
5.4.1 Create Pass-Through Disk
A Pass-Through Disk is a disk drive not controlled by the internal RAID subsystem
firmware and thus cannot be a part of a Volume Set. A Pass-Through disk is a
separate and individual Raid Set. The disk is available to the host as an individual
disk. It is typically used on a system where the operating system is on a disk not
controlled by the RAID firmware.
To create pass-through disk, click on the Create Pass-Through link under the
Physical Drives main menu. The setting function screen appears.
Select the disk drive to be made as Pass-Through Disk and configure the PassThrough Disk attributes, such as the Cache Mode, Tagged Command Queuing, and
SAS Port/LUN Base/LUN for this volume.
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5.4.2 Modify a Pass-Through Disk
Use this option to modify the attribute of a Pass-Through Disk. User can modify the
Cache Mode, Tagged Command Queuing, and SAS Port/LUN Base/LUN on an existing
Pass-Through Disk.
To modify the Pass-Through drive attribute from the Pass-Through drive pool, click
on the Modify a Pass-Through Disk link. The “Select The Pass-Through Disk For
Modification” screen appears. Tick on the Pass-Through Disk from the Pass-Through
drive pool and click on the Submit button to select the drive.
The Enter Pass-Through Disk Attribute screen appears. Modify the drive attribute
values as you want.
5.4.3 Delete Pass-Through Disk
To delete Pass-Through Disk from the Pass-Through drive pool, click on Delete
Pass-Through link. Select a Pass-Through Disk, tick on the Confirm The Operation
and click the Submit button to complete the delete action.
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5.4.4 Set Disk To Be Failed
It sets a normal working disk as failed so that users can test some of the features and
functions.
NOTE: When you want to set a disk as failed, please contact your
vendor’s support engineer for assistance.
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5.4.5 Activate Failed Disk
It forces the current failed disk in the system to be back online. Activate Failed Disk
function has no effect on the removed disks, because a removed disk does not give the
controller a chance to mark it as failure.
Followings are considered as Removed-Disk:
(1). Manually removed by user
(2). Losing PHY connection due to bad connector, cable, backplane
(3). Losing PHY connection due to disk fail
Basically, in the eyes of the controller, the disk suddenly disappears due to whatever reason.
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5.4.6 Identify Enclosure
To identify an Enclosure, move the mouse cursor and click on Identify Enclosure link.
The Select The Enclosure For Identification screen appears. Tick on the enclosure
from the list of enclosures, then click on the Submit button to identify the selected
enclosure. All disk drives’ Status LEDs in an enclosure will be blinking when a particular
enclosure is selected.
5.4.7 Identify Selected Drive
Use this option to physically locate a selected drive to prevent removing the wrong drive.
When a disk drive is selected using the Identify Drive function, the Status LED of the
selected disk drive will be blinking Red.
To identify a selected drive from the drives pool, click on the Identify Drive link. The
“Select The IDE Device For identification” screen appears. Tick on the IDE device from the
drives list. After completing the selection, click on the Submit button to identify
selected drive.
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5.5 System Controls
5.5.1 System Configuration
To set the RAID su bsystem system configuration options, c lick th e S ys tem
Co nfi gu ra tio n link u nder the S y ste m C o n tr o ls menu. The System
Configurations screen will be shown. Set the desired system option as needed.
System Beeper Setting:
This option is used to Disable or Enable the system’s RAID controller alarm beeper.
Background Task Priority:
The Background Task Priority indicates how much time and system resource the RAID
controller devotes to a background task, such as a rebuild operation. The RAID
subsystem allows user to choose the background task priority (High 80%, Medium 50%,
Low 25%, and Ultra Low 5%) to balance between background task process and
Volume Set access. For high R A I D s u b s y s t em performance, specify a low value.
JBOD/RAID Configuration:
The RAID subsystem supports JBOD and RAID configuration.
SATA NCQ Support:
NCQ is a command protocol in Serial ATA that can only be implemented on native Serial
ATA hard drives. It allows multiple commands to be outstanding within a drive at the
same time. Drives that support NCQ have an internal queue where outstanding
commands can be dynamically rescheduled or re-ordered, along with the necessary
tracking mechanisms for outstanding and completed portions of the workload.
Disabled or Enable the SATA NCQ function.
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HDD Read Ahead Cache:
This option allows the users to disable the cache of the HDDs on the RAID Subsystem.
In some HDD models, disabling the cache in the HDD is necessary to prove the RAID
Subsystem functions correctly. When Enabled, the drive’s read ahead cache
algorithm is used, providing maximum performance under most circumstances.
Volume Data Read Ahead:
This option allows the users to set th e Volume Data Read Ahead function. Options
are: Normal, Aggressive, Conservative, and Disabled.
HDD Queue Depth:
The queue depth is the number of I/O operations that can be run in parallel on a disk
drive. This parameter is adjusted the queue depth capacity of NCQ (SATA HDD) or
Tagged Command Queuing (SAS HDD) which transmits multiple commands to a single
target without waiting for the initial command to complete. HDD Queue Depth options
are 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, and 32.
Disk Write Cache Mode:
The RAID subsystem supports Disk Write Cache Mode options: Auto, Enabled, and Disabled.
If the RAID subsystem has BBM (battery backup module), selecting the Auto option will
automatically enable Disk Write Cache. On the other hand, if there is no BBM, the Auto
option will disable Disk Write Cache.
Hot Plugged Disk For Rebuilding
It defines if the RAID array volume should start rebuilding or not when detects a disk is
inserted/re-inserted during online.
The options are: Blank Disk Only, Always, and Disable. The default is Blank Disk Only.
Blank Disk Only: it will trigger the rebuilding if and only if the inserted disk has not
been in the RAID array before, which has no RAID signature on it. So when a
previously removed disk is self re-inserted, it won’t trigger the degraded RAID array
to rebuild, and so that the administrator has a chance to identify this misbehaving
disk and replaces it.
Always: it is what it was before. Whenever a disk is inserted/ re-inserted whether
new or previously existed, it always trigger a rebuilding for the Degraded RAID
set/Volume.
Disable: it will not trigger rebuilding regardless what sort of disk plugging in. When
Disable and/or Blank Disk Only is selected, the re-inserted/previously removed disk
will be identified as a disk in a separate RAID set with duplicated RAIDset# and with
all the rest of RAID members missing.
Disk Capacity Truncation Mode:
The RAID subsystem use drive truncation so that drives from different vendors are
more likely to be able to be used as spares for each other. Drive truncation slightly
decreases the usable capacity of a drive that is used in redundant units. Options are:
Multiples Of 10G: If you have several 120GB drives from different vendors,
chances are that the capacity varies slightly. For example, one drive might be
121.1 GB, and the other 120.4 GB. This drive truncation mode makes the
121.1 GB and 120.4 GB drives same capacity as 120 GB so that one could
replace the other.
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Multiples Of 1G: If you have 120 GB drives from different vendors, chances are
that the capacity varies slightly. For example, one drive might be 121.1 GB, and
the other 121.4 GB. This drive truncation mode makes the 121.1 GB and 121.4
GB drives same capacity 121 GB so that one could replace the other.
No Truncation: The capacity of the disk drive is not truncated.
5.5.2 Advanced Configuration
To set the RAID system function, move the cursor to the main menu and click the
Advanced Configuration link. The Advanced Configuration menu will show all items,
then select the desired function.
NOTE: When you want to change the value on advance
configuration screen, please contact your vendor’s support
engineer for assistance.
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TLER Setting
TLER (time-limited error recovery) functions provide support for WD Caviar RE (RAID)
series disks. This is a new option from WD to support RAID features that were
traditionally missing from standard desktop drives. TLER is a method of signaling the
system RAID controller in the event that an error recovery process is taking longer
than time-out specifications allow. This prevents the RAID controller from dropping
the drive from the array during this period. Default value is manufacture setting. You
can select between 5, 6 and 7 second. This feature is to setup the HDD internal
timeout value.
Timeout Setting
Disk time-out is a registry setting that defines the time that RAID controller will wait
for a hard disk to respond to a command. You can modify the retry value by entering
a new value in the edit box beside this button and then selecting the button.
Normally you should not need to modify this value. Default value is 12 seconds: You
can select between 8~32 second.
Number of Retries
This setting determines the number of access that will be attempted before the
current command from the RAID controller to the disk drive is aborted. You can
modify the retry value by entering a new value in the edit box beside this button and
then selecting the button. Normally you should not need to modify this value. There
are two selections, either 2 retry or 3 retry.
Buffer Threshold
This new feature there are 4 options; 5%, 25%, 50%, 75%. The percentage
represents how much data should be kept in resident cache memory (how full cache
should get) before controller starts to flush data onto the hard drives. If the buffer is
set for 25%, then all 25% will be cached and is used for writing data. The remaining
cache memory will be used for reading and other system overhead. Write buffer
threshold for 5% is added for video recording. This option will push data to disk early.
This feature gives controller extra buffer time in case of slow response from the hard
drives within a given time. Consequently, this can prevent a pause in data flow and
there will be continues data access and stream. This feature is very useful for the
video streaming applications where there is high demand for constant non-stop data
flow with no interruption due to lower performance of specific hardware.
Amount of Read Ahead
Read-Ahead data is buffered in the RAID controller cache, however, thereby cutting
down on the amount of I/O traffic to the disk. The Amount of Read Ahead defines
how many data of reading at a time, making more efficient use of the RAID
subsystem. This makes it possible to locate and re-issue the data without repetitive
hard parsing activities.
The Amount of Read Ahead parameter is used to allocate an amount of memory in
the cache memory the frequently executed queries and return the result set back to
the host without real disk read execution. Default value is Auto: Controller will base
on the HDD number to set the amount of Read Ahead value. You can select between
512KB ~ 16MB.
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Number of AV Stream
RAID controllers are required to have not only the function of processing ordinary
data but also the function of dealing with AV (audio/video) stream data needing realtime processing. Since the bus cycle used in RAID controller was designed to transfer
the computer data exactly, it was unsuitable for the transfer of AV stream needing
great band widths. They are required to do some setting for the handshaking during
the processing of stream data. This setting is an object of transferring stream data
efficiently on an existing RAID controller. Normally you should not need to modify
this value. Default value is 6. You can select between 6~256.
To decide how to set AV stream playout parameter, you need to check the Number of
Stream, Amount of Read Ahead, and Total Cache Memory during runtime. You can
try to adjust the three numbers to get the best performance as your requirement.
Number of Stream shows the number of stream added to the system, Amount of
Read Ahead shows the amount of Read Ahead data taken from the cache without real
disk execution, and total cache memory shows the total available memory being
installed in the RAID controller.
Optimize AV Recording
AV recording option is for video recording (no time limit), but if used in normal
operation, performance may be degraded. This new feature there are 4 options;
Disabled, Mode1, Mode2 and Mode 3. Default value is Disabled. Our controller cache
uses LRU method, there have no special memory capacity reserved for read or write.
The Mode 1, 2 and 3 are used for define the command sorting method. The default
sorting method is helpful for normal applications, but not useful for AV applications,
so we have defined three different sorting methods for these special applications. To
decide how to optimize AV stream recording parameter, you need to adjust the
Optimize AV Recording, and Write Buffer Threshold during runtime.
Read And Discard Parity Data
This function is used to determine if parity data is to be read and discarded.
Hitachi SATA HDD Speed
This function is used to s et t h e Hitachi SATA HDD Speed.
WDC SATA HDD Speed
This function is used to s et t h e WD SATA HDD Speed.
Seagate SATA HDD Speed
This function is used to s et t h e Seagate SATA HDD Speed.
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5.5.3 HDD Power Management
MAID (Massive Array of Idle Disks) is a storage technology that employs a large group
of disk drives in which only those drives in active use are spinning at any given time.
This reduces power consumption and prolongs the lives of the drives.
MAID is designed for Write Once, Read Occasionally (WORO) applications such as Data
Backup, Document, Mail server, and so on.
MAID technology focuses on "Green Storage Concept" to save power consumption and
enhance disk drives effective usage, i.e., "disk drives are spun down when there is no
activity or I/O on the drives".
In the RAID subsystem, MAID is implemented in the HDD Power Management menu.
Using the Advanced Power Management (APM) function of disk drives, HDD Power
Management has three options (MAID Levels): (Level 1) Place idle drives in Lower Power
Mode, where the drives’ heads are unloaded; (Level 2) Place idle drives in Low RPM
Mode, where drives’ heads are unloaded and slows down to around 4000 RPM; and
(Level 3) Spin down idle drives, where drives stops spinning and goes into sleep mode.
Stagger Power On Control:
This option allows the RAID subsystem’s power supply to power up in succession
each HDD in the RAID subsystem. In the past, all the HDDs on the RAID subsystem
are powered up altogether at the same time. This function allows the power
transfer time (lag time) from the last HDD to the next one be set within the range of
0.4 to 6.0 seconds. Default is 0.7 seconds.
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Time to HDD Low Power Idle: (MAID Level 1)
This option enables the RAID subsystem to place idle HDDs of a RAID Set in Low
Power Mode, where drives’ heads are unloaded. The power consumption of the Idle
HDD saving is around 15% to 20%. Recovery time is under a second.
Options are: Disabled, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 (Minutes).
Time to HDD Low RPM Mode: (MAID Level 2)
This option enables the RAID subsystem to place idle HDDs of a RAID Set in Low RPM
Mode, where drives’ heads are unloaded and drive platters speed is reduced to
around 4000 RPM. The power consumption of the Idle HDD saving is from 35% to
45%. Recovery time is 15 seconds.
Options are: Disabled, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, and 60 (Minutes).
Time to Spin Down Idle HDD: (MAID Level 3)
This option enables the RAID subsystem to spin down HDDs of a RAID Set after they
become idle after a preset period of time. In this level, the drives stop spinning and
go into sleep mode. The power consumption of the Idle HDD saving is from 60% to
70%. Recovery time is 30 to 45 seconds.
Options are: Disabled, 1 (For Test), 3, 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, 40, and 60 (Minutes).
Time To Wait HDD Spin Up
This option allows user to set the host system waiting time for HDD spin up. The
values can be selected from 7 to 120 seconds.
NOTE: To verify if the disk drive you use supports APM, select
RAIDSet Hierarchy and click the disk drive (E# Slot#) link. In the
Device Information screen, check the Disk APM Support if “Yes”.
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5.5.4 EtherNet Configuration
To set the Ethernet configuration, click the EtherNet Configuration link under the
System Controls menu. The EtherNet Configuration screen will be shown. Set the
desired configuration. Once done, tick on the Confirm The Operation and click the
Submit button to save the settings.
NOTE: If HTTP, Telnet and SMTP Port Number is set to “0”, the
service is disabled.
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5.5.5 Alert By Mail Configuration
To set the Event Notification function, click on the Alert By Mail Configuration link
under the System Controls menu. The Event Notification configuration screen will be
shown. Set up the desired function and option. When an abnormal condition occurs, an
error message will be emailed to the email recipient(s) that a problem has occurred.
Events are classified into 4 levels (Urgent, Serious, Warning, and Information).
NOTE: If Event Notification by email is enabled, every 30 of event
log will be sent to the email recipient(s) as one package log.
NOTE: If different email recipients are setup, the event notification
levels for each email recipient can be configured differently. For
example, first email recipient can be configured with “Urgent Error
Notification” while second email recipient can be configured with
“Serious Error Notification”.
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5.5.6 SNMP Configuration
The SNMP gives users independence from the proprietary network management schemes
of some manufacturers and SNMP is supported by many WAN and LAN manufacturers
enabling true LAN/ WAN management integration.
To set the SNMP function, move the cursor to the main menu and click on the
SNMP Configuration link. The SNMP Configurations screen will be shown.
Select the desired function and set the preferred option.
SNMP Trap Configurations: Type in the SNMP Trap IP Address box the IP address of
the host system where SNMP traps will be sent. The SNMP Port is set to 162 by default.
SNMP System Configuration:
Community: Type the SNMP community. The default is public.
(1) sysContact.0, (2) sysLocation.0, and (3) sysName.0: SNMP parameter (31
bytes max). If these 3 categories are configured and when an event occurs, SNMP
will send out a message that includes the 3 categories within the message. This
allows user to easily define which RAID unit is having problem.
SNMP Trap Notification Configurations: Select the desired option.
After completing the settings, tick on the Confirm The Operation and click on the
Submit button to save the configuration.
SNMP also works in the same as Alert By Mail when sending event notifications.
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5.5.7 NTP Configuration
NTP stands for Network Time Protocol. It is an Internet protocol used to synchronize
the clocks of computers to some time reference. Type the NTP Server IP Address to
enable the RAID Subsystem to synchronize with it.
To set the NTP function, move the cursor to the main menu and click on the NTP
Configuration link. The NTP Configuration screen will be displayed. Select the
desired function and configure the necessary option.
After completing the settings, tick on the Confirm The Operation and click on the
Submit button to save the configuration.
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5.5.8 View Events / Mute Beeper
To view the RAID Subsystem’s event log information, move the mouse cursor to the
System Controls menu and click on the View Events/Mute Beeper link. The System
Events Information screen appears.
The System Events Information screen will show: Time, Device, Event type, Elapse
Time and Errors.
This function is also used to silence the beeper alarm.
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5.5.9 Generate Test Event
If you want to generate test events, move the cursor bar to the main menu and click
on the Generate Test Event Link. Tick on the Confirm The Operation and click on
the Submit button. Then click on the View Events/Mute Beeper to view the test
event.
5.5.10 Clear Event Buffer
Use this feature to clear the RAID Subsystem’s System Events Information buffer.
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5.5.11 Modify Password
To change or disable the RAID Subsystem’s admin password, click on the Modify
Password link under the System Controls menu. The Modify System Password
screen appears.
The factory-default admin password is set to 00000000. Once the password has been
set, the user or administrator can only monitor and configure the RAID Subsystem by
providing the correct password.
The password is used to protect the RAID Subsystem’s configuration from
unauthorized access. The RAID controller will check the password only when entering
the Main Menu from the initial screen. The RAID Subsystem will automatically go back
to the initial screen when it does not receive any command after sometime.
To disable the password, enter only the original password in the Enter Original
Password box, and leave both the Enter New Password and Re-Enter New
Password boxes blank. After selecting the Confirm The Operation option and
clicking the Submit button, the system password checking will be disabled. No
password checking will occur when entering the main menu from the starting screen.
NOTE: The admin Password characters allowed are ‘A’ – ‘Z’, ‘a’ – ‘z’,
and ‘0’ – ‘9’. The minimum number of Password characters is
null/empty (Password is disabled) and maximum number of
Password characters is 15.
5.5.12 Upgrade Firmware
Please refer to Section 6.2 for more information.
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5.5.13 Shutdown Controller
Use this function to shutdown the RAID Controller. This is used to flush the data from the
cache memory, and is normally done before powering off the system power switch.
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5.5.14 Restart Controller
Use this function to restart the RAID Controller.
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5.6 Information Menu
5.6.1 RAID Set Hierarchy
Use this feature to view the RAID subsystem’s existing Raid Set(s), Volume Set(s) and
disk drive(s) configuration and information. Select the RAID Set Hierarchy link from the
Information menu to display the Raid Set Hierarchy screen.
To view the Raid Set information, click the Raid Set # link from the Raid Set Hierarchy
screen. The Raid Set Information screen appears.
To view the disk drive information, click the Slot# link from the Raid Set Hierarchy
screen. The Disk Information screen appears. This screen shows various
information such as timeout count, media error count, and SMART information.
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To view the Volume Set information, click the Volume---VOL# link from the Raid Set
Hierarchy screen. The Volume Set Information screen appears.
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5.6.2 SAS Chip Information
To view the SAS Chip Information of the RAID Controller, click the link SAS Chip
Information.
The SAS Address, Component Vendor, Component ID, Enclosure number, Number of
Phys, and Attached Expander information will be shown.
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5.6.3 System Information
To view the RAID subsystem’s controller information, click the System Information link
from the Information menu. The Raid Subsystem Information screen appears.
The Controller Name, Firmware Version, BOOT ROM Version, PL Firmware Version, Serial
Number, Unit Serial #, Main Processor, CPU ICache size, CPU DCache size, CPU SCache Size,
System Memory, Current IP Address, SAS Address, SAS Port0 Link Status, SAS Port1 Link
Status, and Dual Controller State appear in this screen.
The following are the states under Dual Controller State:
Dual Controller State
Description
Single
Controller is running at Single Mode.
Other Controller Added
The other Controller is added and waiting to start.
Other Controller Booting
The other Controller is starting up.
Other Controller Ready
The other Controller has booted up and ready.
Other Controller Failed
The other Controller is Failed.
Sync Controller State
Sync Controller Cache
The two Controllers are synchronizing their
configuration or state.
The two Controllers are synchronizing the data in
their cache memory.
Dual Operational
The Controller is running.
Initialize
The boot up state when Dual Controller starts up.
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5.6.4 Hardware Monitor
To view the RAID subsystem’s hardware information, click the Hardware Monitor link
from the Information menu. The Hardware Monitor Information screen appears.
NOTE: To disable auto refresh of GUI, tick the “Stop Auto Refresh”
option.
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The Hardware Monitor Information provides the temperature, fan speed (chassis fan)
and voltage levels of the RAID subsystem. All items are also unchangeable. When the
threshold values are surpassed, warning messages will be indicated through the LCD,
LED and alarm buzzer.
Item
Warning Condition
CPU Temperature
> 90 Celsius
Controller Board Temperature
> 80 Celsius
HDD Temperature
> 65 Celsius
Fan Speed
< 700 RPM
Power Supply +12V
< 10.5V or > 13.5V
Power Supply +5V
< 4.7V or > 5.4V
Power Supply +3.3V
< 3.0V or > 3.6V
DDR-II +1.8V
< 1.62V or > 1.98V
CPU +1.8V
< 1.62V or > 1.98V
CPU +1.2V
< 1.08V or > 1.32V
CPU +1.0V
< 0.9V or > 1.1V
DDR-II +0.9V
< 0.81V or > 0.99V
RTC 3.0V
< 2.7V
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Chapter 6 System Maintenance
6.1 Upgrading the RAID Controller’s Cache Memory
The RAID controller is equipped with one DDR3 SDRAM socket. By default, the RAID
controller comes with at least 1GB of memory that is expandable to a maximum of 4GB. The
expansion memory module can be purchased from your dealer.
Memory Type: DDR3-1333 Registered ECC SDRAM 240pin
Memory Size: Supports 240pin DDR3 of 1GB, 2GB or 4GB.
6.1.1 Installing Memory Module
1. Shutdown the RAID controller using the “Shutdown Controller” function in
proRAID Manager GUI.
2. Turn off the switch of the power supplies and unplug all power cords.
3. Loosen the thumbscrews of the controller module then pull out the controller
module.
4. Remove the memory module from the RAM socket of the RAID controller by
pressing the ejector clips until the memory module pops out of the socket.
5. Align the new memory module into the socket. Make sure the notch is aligned
with the key on the socket itself. With the ejector clips in open position, press
down the memory module into the socket until it sinks into place. The ejector
clips will automatically close to lock the memory module.
6. Reinsert the Controller Module.
7. If the RAID Subsystem has dual (redundant) RAID controllers, repeat Steps 3 to
6 to replace/upgrade the memory of the other Controller Module.
8. Reconnect the SAS cable(s) to the Controller Module(s). Reconnect the power
cables and power on the 2 switches of the Power Supply Fan Modules.
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6.2 Upgrading the RAID Controller’s Firmware
Upgrading Firmware Using Flash Programming Utility
Since the RAID subsystem’s controller features flash firmware, it is not necessary to
change the hardware flash chip in order to upgrade the controller firmware. User can
simply re-program the old firmware through the RS-232 port. New releases of the
firmware are available in the form of binary file at vendor’s FTP. The file available at the
FTP site is usually a self-extracting file that contains the following:
XXXXVVV.BIN Firmware Binary (where “XXXX” refers to the model name and
“VVV” refers to the firmware version)
README.TXT It contains the history information of the firmware change. Read this file
first before upgrading the firmware.
These files must be extracted from the compressed file and copied to one directory in the
host computer.
Establishing the Connection
The firmware can be downloaded to the RAID subsystem’s controller using Telnet
program with ZMODEM upload protocol, or via web browser-based RAID Manager
remote management page.
With Telnet, you must complete the appropriate installation and configuration
procedure before proceeding with the firmware upgrade. The Telnet program must
support the ZMODEM file transfer protocol.
Web browser-based RAID Manager can be used to update the firmware. A web browser
must have been setup before proceeding with the firmware upgrade.
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Upgrading Firmware Through Telnet
NOTE: This example uses CRT terminal emulation program.
For easier upgrade procedure, it is recommended to use web
browser-based firmware upgrade.
1. To connect to RAID subsystem using Telnet, open Terminal Emulation program
(example, CRT 6.1) Refer to Section 4.1 for sample step to enable Telnet connection
via CRT program.
2. After successful connection, select Raid System Function menu. The Password box
will be shown. Enter the password (default is 00000000) to login.
3. After login to Raid System Function menu, select Update Firmware. Then choose
“Transfer” menu and select “Zmodem Upload List…”.
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4. Select the firmware BINARY file (xxxx-vvv-yyyyyyyy.bin) and click “Add”. Then click
“OK”.
NOTE: The BOOT firmware file (xxxxBOOT-vvv-yyyyyyyy.bin) must
be upgraded first. Then repeat the steps to upgrade the firmware
file (xxxx-vvv-yyyyyyyy.bin).
5. Select Update Firmware, and click “Transfer” and then “Start Zmodem Upload”.
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6. A message “Update The Firmware” will be displayed. Select “Yes”.
7. Select “Yes” again.
8. Message will show “Start Updating Firmware, Please Wait”.
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9. Message will show “Firmware has been updated successfully”.
10. The RAID Controller must be restarted in order for the new firmware to take effect.
11. Select Restart Controller and then select “Yes”.
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12. Select “Yes” again to confirm. The RAID controller will restart.
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Upgrading Firmware Through Web Browser
Get the new version of firmware for your RAID subsystem controller.
NOTE: When there is new boot ROM firmware that needs to be
upgraded, upgrade first the boot ROM firmware. Then repeat the
process (steps 1 to 3) to upgrade the firmware code after which a
RAID controller restart will be necessary.
1. To upgrade the RAID subsystem firmware, click the Upgrade Firmware link under
System Controls menu. The Upgrade The Raid System Firmware Or Boot Rom screen
appears.
2. Click Browse. Look in the location where the firmware file was saved. Select the
firmware file name “XXXXXXXX.BIN” and click Open.
3. Select the Confirm The Operation option. Click the Submit button.
4. The Web Browser begins to download the firmware binary to the controller and start
to update the flash ROM.
5. After the firmware upgrade is complete, a message will show “Firmware Has Been
Updated Successfully”. Restarting the RAID controller is required for the new firmware
to take effect.
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6.3 Upgrading the Expander Firmware
Upgrading Firmware Through Terminal
NOTE: It is important to stop I/O access to RAID subsystem during
firmware upgrade.
1. Please use the null modem cable (RJ11 to DB9) and to connect COM2 (CLI) and
PC serial port/COM1 Port (or change to other COM Port as necessary).
2. Open Windows HyperTerminal Program. Connect using COM1 (COM Port used in
Step1), Baud Rate: 115200, n, 8, 1, Flow Control: None.
3. Press the Enter key and the password prompt will be displayed.
4. Key in the password (Default password: 00000000) to login to CLI.
5. At CLI prompt, input the command to update firmware.
a. CLI> fdl code
NOTE:
“fdl code” is the command to update flash firmware code (.fw
file).
“fdl mfgb” is the command to update CFG data code (.rom file)
Make sure you have both files before updating.
b. CLI> fdl mfgb
Please Use XModem Protocol for File Transmission.
Use Q or q to quit Download before starting XModem.
Offset = 0x0
c. Select Function menu to transfer CFG data .rom file: “Function” 
“Transfer”  “Send File”  “Browse”  “Open” and select the .rom file
(for example: 8016-mfgdat6-20110131.rom) firmware folder location.
Select “Xmodem” Protocol to send firmware file (Only need about 60
seconds to finish sending firmware file. If not, please repeat steps
B and D again).
Note. If won’t to transfer CFG data .rom file, Press Q or q to quit
Download before starting data transfer.
d. CLI>fdl code
Please Use XModem Protocol for File Transmission.
Use Q or q to quit Download before starting XModem.
Offset = 0x0
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e. Select Function menu to transfer firmware file: “Function”  “Transfer” 
“Send File”  “Browse”  “Open” and select the .fw file (for example:
8016-07.01.09.96-20110211.fw) from firmware folder location. Select
“Xmodem” Protocol to send firmware file (Only need about 60 seconds
to finish sending firmware file. If not, please repeat steps D and E
again).
Note. If won’t to transfer firmware data .fw file, Press Q or q to
quit Download before starting data transfer.
f.
Use GUI or Telnet to Restart controller or power cycle
g. Re-login to Expander CLI.
h. Use “sys” command to verify Expander firmware version.
CLI>sys
Important: Please do not use the “reset” command on this step.
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6.4
Replacing Subsystem Components
6.4.1 Replacing Controller Module
1. Make sure the subsystem is in power off state. Loosen the thumbscrews on the
sides of the Controller Module case.
2. Use the Controller handle to pull out the defective Controller.
3. Insert and slide the new Controller in. Note that it may be necessary to remove
the old/defective Controller Module from the case and install the new one.
4. Tighten the thumbscrews on the sides of the Controller Module case.
6.4.1.1 Replacing Controller Module with Controller Blanking Plate
When replacing a failed Controller Module with Blanking Plate, please follow these steps:
1. Loosen thumbscrews of the failed Controller Module.
2. Use the Controller Module handle to remove the failed Controller Module from the
subsystem.
3. Insert the Controller Blanking Plate.
4. Tighten the screws of the Controller Blanking Plate.
When replacing a failed component online, it is not recommended to
remove the failed component for a long period of time; proper air flow
within the enclosure might fail causing high controller/disk drive
temperature
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6.4.2 Replacing Power Supply Fan Module
When replacing a failed power supply fan module (PSFM), please follow these steps:
1. Turn off the Power On/Off Switch of the failed PSFM.
2. Disconnect the power cord from the AC Inlet Plug of PSFM.
3. Loosen thumbscrews of the PSFM.
4. Use the handle to pull out the defective PSFM.
5. Before inserting the new PSFM, make sure the Power On/Off Switch is on "Off" state.
6. Insert and slide the new PSFM in until it clicks into place.
IMPORTANT: When the subsystem is online and a Power Supply
fails, and the replacement Power Supply module is not yet available,
the failed Power Supply Module can be replaced with the Plate
Cover. This is to maintain proper airflow within the enclosure.
(Refer to next section)
When replacing a failed component online, it is not recommended
to remove the failed component for a long period of time; proper air
flow within the enclosure might fail causing high controller/disk
drive temperature.
7. Connect the power cord to the AC Inlet Plug of PSFM.
8. Tighten the thumbscrews of the PSFM.
9. Turn on the Power On/Off Switch of the PSFM.
NOTE: After replacing the Power Supply Fan Module and turning on
the Power On/Off Switch of the PSFM, the Power Supply will not
power on immediately. The Fan in the PSFM will spin-up until the
RPM becomes stable. When Fan RPM is already stable, the RAID
controller will then power on the Power Supply. This process takes
more or less 30 seconds. This safety measure helps prevent possible
Power Supply overheating when the Fan cannot work.
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6.4.2.1 Replacing Power Supply Fan Module with Plate Cover
When replacing a failed power supply fan module (PSFM) with Plate Cover, please follow
these steps:
1. Turn off the Power On/Off Switch of the failed PSFM.
2. Disconnect the power cord from the AC Inlet Plug of PSFM.
3. Loosen thumbscrews of the failed PSFM.
4. Pull out the defective PSFM.
5. Insert the PSFM Plate Cover carefully.
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