User`s Manual - Frank`s Hospital Workshop

User`s Manual - Frank`s Hospital Workshop
CO2SMO
User’s Manual
ETCO2/SpO2 Monitor
Model 7100
May 1, 1998
Catalog No. 5758-23-04
Novametrix Medical Systems Inc.
5 Technology Drive, Wallingford, Connecticut, U.S.A. 06492.
Copyright  1993, 1998. All rights reserved. No part of this manual may be reproduced
without the written permission of Novametrix Medical Systems Inc.
Revision History
23-Jul-93
Revision 00.
27-Apr-93
Revision 01, this manual is based on software version 2.1.
18-Jun-93
Revision 02 (DN-N1247).
21-Sep-94
Revision 03. Includes versions 1.9 and 2.8 software, Disposable Adult Airway
Adapter, and CAPNOSTAT III references.
01-May-98
Revision 04. R-N563
Declaration of Conformity with European Union Directive
The authorized representative for Novametrix Equipment is:
D.R.M. Green
European Compliance Services Limited,
Oakdene House,
Oak Road,
Watchfield
Swindon, Wilts SN 6 8TD
United Kingdom
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iv CO2SMO Operator’s Guide
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Guarantee
Equipment manufactured or distributed by Novametrix Medical Systems Inc., is fully guaranteed,
covering materials and workmanship, for a period of one year from the date of shipment, except for
certain disposable products and products with stated guarantees other than one year. Novametrix
reserves the right to perform guarantee service(s) at its factory, at an authorized repair station, or at
the customer’s installation.
Novametrix’ obligations under this guarantee are limited to repairs, or at Novametrix’ option,
replacement of any defective parts of our equipment, except fuses, batteries, and calibration gasses,
without charge, if said defects occur during normal service.
Claims for damages during shipment must be filed promptly with the transportation company. All
correspondence concerning the equipment must specify both the model name and number, and the
serial number as it appears on the equipment.
Improper use, mishandling, tampering with, or operation of the equipment without following
specific operating instructions will void this guarantee and release Novametrix from any further
guarantee obligations.
Service Department
For factory repair service, call toll free
1-800-243-3444
In Connecticut, call Collect (203) 265-7701
Facsimile (203) 284-0753
World Wide Web: http://www.novametrix.com
Internet: [email protected]
Caution: Federal (U.S.A.) law restricts this device to sale, distribution, or use by or on the order of
a licensed medical practitioner.
Copyright  1993, 1998, Novametrix Medical Systems Inc. This document contains information
which is proprietary and the property of Novametrix Medical Systems Inc., and may not be
reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, translated, transcribed, or transmitted, in any form, or by
any means, without prior explicit written permission from Novametrix Medical Systems Inc.
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CO2SMO Operator’s Guide
v
Service Policy
Novametrix Medical Systems Inc. will provide Warranty Service Support to its customers within 48
hours of receiving a telephone request for technical support. This 48 hour period begins once a
service request is placed through the Factory Technical Support Department in Wallingford,
Connecticut. Novametrix provides factory direct technical support to its customers through a
technical support group located in Wallingford, Connecticut and company service representatives
located throughout the United States. All Technical Support for Novametrix products is provided
“Factory Direct”.
Novametrix provides 24 hour a day technical support accessibility via telephone numbers (800) 2433444 or (203) 265-7701. After hours technical support requests (before 8:00 AM and after 5:00 PM
Eastern Time) will be responded to promptly by the Technical Support On-Call staff. It is suggested
that any person calling in for technical support have the inoperative equipment available for
preliminary troubleshooting as well as product identification. Novametrix reserves the right to repair
or replace any product found to be defective during the warranty period. Repair may be provided in
the form of replacement exchange parts or accessories, on-site technical repair assistance or
complete system exchanges. Repairs provided due to product abuse or misuse will be considered
“non-warranty” and invoiced at the prevailing service rate. Any replaced defective material is
expected to be returned to Novametrix within 10 days of being provided in order to avoid additional
charges. Exchanged material should be returned promptly and directly to Novametrix using the
return paperwork and shipping label(s) provided. Transferring return materials to local sales or
dealer representatives does not absolve return responsibility.
Novametrix manufactures equipment that is generally “user serviceable” and can usually be repaired
with the replacement of a plug-in electro-mechanical assembly by the clinical end user. When repair
parts are provided, the recipient can call into Novametrix for on-line replacement assistance and
repair assurance. In the event a replacement part requires increased technical capability, Technical
Support may request Biomedical assistance, provide on-site technical support or complete
replacement equipment. If the customer requires the return of their original product, the exchange
material will be considered “loaner material” and exchanged again after the customer equipment is
repaired.
Novametrix promotes customer participation in warranty repairs should they become necessary. This
program allows for customer training and a smooth transition into self-maintenance after warranty,
which can provide substantial cost savings on repairs throughout the product’s life.
The Novametrix Technical Support Department can provide technical product support at a level
appropriate to most customers protocol and budget requirements. Please contact the Technical
Support Group at Novametrix for additional information.
Additional Novametrix Technical Support Programs
• Focus Series Technical Training Seminars
• Test Equipment and Test Kits
• Service Contract / Part Insurance Plans
• On-Site Technical Support
• 24 hr. telephone support
• “Demand Services”
Flat rate parts-exchange,
Flat rate return for repair
Time and Material,
Full warranty, discounted replacement sensors
vi CO2SMO Operator’s Guide
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Contents
About This Manual ..............................................................................................................1
Acknowledgments ......................................................................................................................... 1
Introduction .........................................................................................................................3
CO2 Principles of Operation ......................................................................................................... 3
SpO2 Principles of Operation ........................................................................................................ 4
Front Panel Controls and Connectors ............................................................................................ 5
POWER Keys ................................................................................................................. 6
AC Mains Operation ....................................................................................................... 6
Battery Operation ............................................................................................................ 6
AUDIO Key ................................................................................................................... 7
ALERT RESET Key ...................................................................................................... 7
The Menu SOFTKEYS ................................................................................................... 8
EVENT Key ................................................................................................................... 8
CONTRAST Key ........................................................................................................... 9
WAVEFORM Key ........................................................................................................ 9
Red Alert Bar .................................................................................................................. 9
CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor Input Connector ................................................................. 9
Sampling System Inlet Connector .................................................................................. 9
Rear Panel Controls and Connectors ........................................................................................... 10
SpO2 Input Connector ................................................................................................... 10
AC Mains Power Module ............................................................................................. 10
Sampling System Exhaust Connector ........................................................................... 10
Data Communications Port ........................................................................................... 10
Patient Safety ....................................................................................................................11
Indications and Usage ................................................................................................................. 11
Warnings ..................................................................................................................................... 11
Cautions ....................................................................................................................................... 12
Monitor Power Up .............................................................................................................15
Monitor Power Up ....................................................................................................................... 15
Monitor Power Down .................................................................................................................. 16
AC Mains Operation ................................................................................................................... 16
Battery Operation ........................................................................................................................ 16
CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor ................................................................................................17
Airway Adapter Selection ........................................................................................................... 17
Adult Airway Adapter ................................................................................................................. 17
Single Patient Use Adult Airway Adapter .................................................................................. 19
Single Patient Use Airway Adapter with Mouthpiece ................................................................ 20
Neonatal Airway Adapter ............................................................................................................ 21
Single Patient Use Neonatal Airway Adapter ............................................................................. 23
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Sampling Airway Adapter .......................................................................................................... 25
Non-Intubated Patients ................................................................................................. 25
Calibration ................................................................................................................................... 27
Sensor Calibration ........................................................................................................ 27
Calibration Verification ................................................................................................ 27
Adapter Calibration ...................................................................................................... 28
Monitoring CO2 and Respiratory Rate ............................................................................ 29
Carbon Dioxide ........................................................................................................................... 29
End Tidal CO2 ........................................................................................................................................... 29
Oxygen Compensation ................................................................................................. 29
Nitrous Oxide Compensation ....................................................................................... 30
Barometric Pressure Compensation .............................................................................. 31
ETCO2 Calculation ....................................................................................................... 31
Inspired CO2 ............................................................................................................................................... 32
CO2 Display Units ........................................................................................................ 32
Respiratory Rate .......................................................................................................................... 33
Respiratory Interval Alert ............................................................................................. 33
Selecting the Respiratory Interval Alert Timer Duration ............................................. 34
Respiratory Rate Editor ................................................................................................ 34
Capnogram .................................................................................................................................. 35
Capnogram Speed ......................................................................................................... 35
Capnogram Scale .......................................................................................................... 36
Selecting the Instantaneous CO2 Mode ........................................................................ 36
SpO2 Sensors ................................................................................................................... 37
OxySnap Connectors ................................................................................................................... 37
Finger Sensor .............................................................................................................................. 38
Finger Sensor Quick Check .......................................................................................... 38
Y-Sensor ...................................................................................................................................... 39
Y-Sensor Application using Wrap Style Tapes ............................................................ 39
Non-Adhesive Foam Wrap ......................................................................................................... 41
Adhesive Foam Wraps ................................................................................................................ 43
Y-Sensor Application using Ear Clip .......................................................................................... 45
Y-Sensor Quick Check ................................................................................................. 46
Single Patient Use SpO2 Sensors ................................................................................................ 46
Intended Use ................................................................................................................. 46
Instructions for Use ...................................................................................................... 47
Sensor Application ....................................................................................................... 49
Single Patient Use SpO2 Sensor Quick Check ............................................................. 50
Monitoring SpO2 and Pulse Rate .................................................................................... 51
SpO2 Display Averaging ............................................................................................................. 51
Pulse Rate Display Averaging .................................................................................................... 51
Pulse “Beep” Volume ................................................................................................................. 52
Signal Bar .................................................................................................................................... 52
Plethysmogram Display .............................................................................................................. 52
Waveform Autosize ...................................................................................................... 52
Using the SIZE softkey ................................................................................................. 53
SpO2 Timers ................................................................................................................................ 53
Display Held Timer ...................................................................................................... 53
Special Alert Delay ....................................................................................................... 54
Bad Signal Timer .......................................................................................................... 55
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IABP Mode ................................................................................................................................. 56
Making IABP Mode Available ..................................................................................... 56
Turning IABP Mode On/Off ........................................................................................ 57
Using IABP Mode ........................................................................................................ 57
Alerts ..................................................................................................................................59
Overview ..................................................................................................................................... 59
Limit Alerts ................................................................................................................................. 59
Auto Alert Limits ........................................................................................................................ 60
ETCO2 Auto Alert Limits ............................................................................................ 61
Respiratory Rate Auto Alert Limits ............................................................................. 61
SpO2 Auto Alert Limits ............................................................................................... 61
Pulse Rate Auto Alert Limits ....................................................................................... 62
Setting Alert Limits Manually .................................................................................................... 62
Alert Volume .............................................................................................................................. 63
Audio Mute ................................................................................................................................. 63
Limit Alerts—Latched/Unlatched .............................................................................................. 64
Alert Limit Settings—Retained/Defaults .................................................................................... 64
Limit Alerts—Delayed/Instant ................................................................................................... 65
Alert Bar—Latched/Unlatched/Off ............................................................................................ 66
Trend Memory Display ......................................................................................................67
Overview ..................................................................................................................................... 67
Graphical Trend Display ............................................................................................................. 67
Dual Trend Displays ..................................................................................................... 68
ETCO2 and Respiratory Rate Trend Display Scales .................................................... 69
Dual SpO2 and Pulse Rate Trend Display Scales ......................................................... 69
Histogram Trend Display ............................................................................................................ 70
Trend Data Compression ............................................................................................................ 70
Erase Trend Memory .................................................................................................................. 71
Trend Print .................................................................................................................................. 71
Trend and NOVACARD Memory Module ................................................................................ 71
Miscellaneous Features ....................................................................................................73
Keyclick Volume ........................................................................................................................ 73
Display Brightness ...................................................................................................................... 73
Display Colors ............................................................................................................................ 73
Setting the Clock/Calendar ......................................................................................................... 74
Display Monitor Software Revision Level ................................................................................. 74
Menu Tree ..........................................................................................................................75
Status Messages ...............................................................................................................81
Using a Printer ...................................................................................................................85
Selecting a Specific Printer ......................................................................................................... 85
Connecting the Seiko DPU-414 Thermal Printer ......................................................... 85
Configuring the Seiko DPU-414 Printer ...................................................................... 86
Connecting the Seiko DPU-411 Printer ....................................................................... 87
Connecting the Hewlett-Packard ThinkJet Printer ....................................................... 89
Print Formats ............................................................................................................................... 89
Displayed Trend Printout ............................................................................................. 89
Tabular Mode Text Printout ......................................................................................... 90
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Capnogram or Plethysmogram Waveform Printout ..................................................... 90
Zoom Trend Printout .................................................................................................... 90
Compressed Trend Printout .......................................................................................... 91
Interpreting Printer Output .......................................................................................................... 92
Header ........................................................................................................................... 92
Graphical Data .............................................................................................................. 94
Histogram Data ............................................................................................................. 94
Tabular Data Format ..................................................................................................... 94
Capnogram or Plethysmogram Waveform Format ...................................................... 95
External Devices ............................................................................................................... 99
NOVACOM1 Interface ............................................................................................................... 99
Mode 1 — Real Time ................................................................................................... 99
Mode 3 — CO2 Waveform ........................................................................................ 100
Mode 4 — SpO2 Waveform ....................................................................................... 101
Mode 5 — Dual Waveform ........................................................................................ 102
Mode 6 — Trend Dump ............................................................................................. 102
Mode d — Date and Time .......................................................................................... 104
Mode c — Clear Trends ............................................................................................. 105
Selecting NOVACOM1 Interface ............................................................................................. 105
Selecting Analog Module Interface .......................................................................................... 105
Connecting the Analog Module .................................................................................. 106
Calibrating External Recorder .................................................................................... 106
The NOVACARD Memory Module ......................................................................................... 107
Selecting NOVACARD Interface .............................................................................. 107
Connecting the NOVACARD Module ....................................................................... 107
Selecting TeleCap Interface ...................................................................................................... 107
Selecting TeleSat Interface ....................................................................................................... 108
Rear Panel RS232C Pinout ....................................................................................................... 108
Maintenance .................................................................................................................... 109
Cleaning and Sterilization ......................................................................................................... 109
Monitor ....................................................................................................................... 109
SpO2 Finger Sensor .................................................................................................... 109
SpO2 Y-Sensor ........................................................................................................... 109
SpO2 Y-Strip Tapes and Foam Wraps ........................................................................ 110
Ear Clip ....................................................................................................................... 110
Capnostat CO2 Sensor ................................................................................................ 110
Reusable Adult Airway Adapter ................................................................................. 110
Reusable Neonatal Airway Adapter ........................................................................... 110
External Sampling System Components .................................................................... 111
Single Patient Use Airway Adapters .......................................................................... 111
Internal Sampling System Components ..................................................................... 111
Maintenance Schedules ............................................................................................................. 112
Battery Maintenance ................................................................................................................. 112
Mains Voltage Configuration .................................................................................................... 113
Fuse Replacement ....................................................................................................... 113
Specifications ................................................................................................................. 115
General ...................................................................................................................................... 115
Capnograph ............................................................................................................................... 115
Oximeter .................................................................................................................................... 116
Monitor Specifications .............................................................................................................. 116
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Additional Features ................................................................................................................... 116
Accessories .....................................................................................................................117
CO2SMO Capnograph and Pulse Oximeter ............................................................................. 117
Typical Capnogram Waveforms ....................................................................................123
Normal Waveform .................................................................................................................... 123
Cardiogenic Oscillations ........................................................................................................... 123
Hypoventilation ........................................................................................................................ 124
Hyperventilation ....................................................................................................................... 124
Muscle Relaxants ...................................................................................................................... 125
Rebreathing ............................................................................................................................... 125
Obstruction in Breathing Circuit or Airway ............................................................................. 126
Endotracheal Tube Kinked ....................................................................................................... 126
Inadequate Seal Around Endothracheal Tube .......................................................................... 127
Endotracheal Tube in Esophagus .............................................................................................. 127
Faulty Ventilator Circuit Valve ................................................................................................ 127
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xii CO2SMO User’s Manual
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About This Manual
The “CO2SMO ETCO2/SpO2 Monitor User’s Manual” describes the operation and use of the Novametrix
CO2SMO ETCO2/SpO2 Monitor, Model 7100. The manual is divided into the sections described below.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
“Introduction” on page 3 provides descriptions of the monitor, its controls, connectors and displays.
“Patient Safety” on page 11 lists important safety information including indications and usage,
warnings, and cautions.
“Monitor Power Up” on page 15 explains how to turn CO2SMO on and off. AC Mains operation
and Battery operation are also explained here.
“CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor” on page 17 describes the CO2 sensor, associated airway adapters
and other accessories.
“Monitoring CO2 and Respiratory Rate” on page 29 describes those monitor features directly
related to monitoring ETCO2 and Respiratory Rate.
“SpO2 Sensors” on page 37 describes the Finger Sensor, the Y-Sensor™ and their accessories.
“Monitoring SpO2 and Pulse Rate” on page 51 describes those monitor features directly related to
monitoring SpO2 and Pulse Rate.
“Alerts” on page 59 provides information on the various monitor alerts.
“Trend Memory Display” on page 67 details CO2SMO’s trend memory features.
“Miscellaneous Features” on page 73 describes features not directly linked to specific sections of
this manual.
“Menu Tree” on page 75 diagrams the menu flow of the CO2SMO.
“Status Messages” on page 81 lists the various messages that may appear on the CO2SMO display,
and lists possible causes.
“Using a Printer” on page 85 describes the various printers CO2SMO supports and the formats of
the various printing modes.
“External Devices” on page 99 describes the various externally conected options available that
operate with the CO2SMO.
“Maintenance” on page 109 lists monitor, sensor and accessory cleaning and sterilization
instructions.
“Specifications” on page 115 detail the CO2SMO ETCO2/SpO2 Monitor, Model 7100.
“Accessories” on page 117 lists CO2SMO ETCO2/SpO2 Monitor, Model 7100 accesories.
“Typical Capnogram Waveforms” on page 123 provides additional capnogram-related
information.
Acknowledgments
CAPNOSTAT is a registered trademark and CO2SMO, SuperBright, Y-Sensor and Y-Strip are trademarks
of Novametrix Medical Systems Inc. Other trademarks and registered trademarks are owned by their
respective companies. U.S.A. and foreign patents pending.
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Acknowledgments
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CO2SMO User’s Manual
Rev. 04
Section 1
Introduction
The Novametrix CO2SMO ETCO2/SpO2 Monitor, Model 7100, is a lightweight, easy to use, combination
capnograph and pulse oximeter monitor designed for use in a variety of clinical settings. It provides
reliable measurement, display and alerts for, end tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO2), respiration rate,
functional pulsatile oxygen saturation (SpO2) and pulse rate. The included sampling system allows CO2
monitoring of non-intubated patients.
Numerical and waveform information is presented on a bright Cold Cathode Display (CCD) with user
adjustable contrast to optimize viewing angles. A simple menu system allows user selection of
measurement and display options. Alerts are menu programmable or automatic. Presence of a pulse is
indicated audibly by a user-selectable “beep”.
Separate 24 hour trends for ETCO2, respiration rate, SpO2 and pulse rate are updated every 8 seconds.
Trend “events” and audible alarm status (Audio Off) are also stored in trend memory.
CO2SMO has a serial port (RS232) for interfacing to external equipment. The monitor can be powered
from the AC Mains or from its rechargeable two-hour battery.
CO2 Principles of Operation
CO 2SMO measures carbon dioxide and respiratory rate with a unique solid-state device called a
CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor. The CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor is placed onto an Airway Adapter and the
airway adapter is placed in the patient’s airway circuit—typically between the ventilator elbow and the
patient wye (See “CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor” on page 17.) Infrared light is generated in one leg of the
“U” shaped sensor and then beamed through the windows of the airway adapter to a detector in the other
leg of the sensor. Carbon dioxide, flowing in the airway adapter as a result of respiration, absorbs some
of this light energy. The monitor relates the amount of detected energy to the amount of CO2 in the
sample cell (the airway adapter). This results in a capnogram display and numerical values for CO2 and
respiration rate. CO2SMO uses an adaptive digital detection algorithm system incorporating highly
accurate digital filters and adaptive thresholds to cover a wide range of monitoring situations including,
rebreathing, neonatal respiratory rates and CO2 levels, and adult OR and ICU conditions without the
operator having to change monitor settings.
Respiration is calculated by measuring the time interval between detected peaks of the CO 2 waveform.
The inverse of this measurement is displayed as respiratory rate. Certain rebreathing circuits, or the
presence of artifact such as cardiogenic oscillations, may cause CO2SMO to react to non-respiratory CO2
fluctuations as if they were breaths—this condition affects only the numerical displays, the Capnogram
display continues to provide an accurate picture of the CO2 waveform. A Respiratory Rate Editor can be
enabled to make the instrument more selective in its differentiation of waveforms caused by breathing
and those introduced by artifact. As a result, when the editor is in use, the monitor will adapt slowly to
sudden changes in respiratory rate.
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Section 1
SpO2 Principles of Operation
SpO2 Principles of Operation
CO2SMO measures oxygen saturation and pulse rate with sensors that contain red and infrared light
sources, called LEDs. Since oxygen saturated blood absorbs different amounts of light at each
wavelength (red and infrared) as compared to unsaturated blood, the amount of light absorbed by the
blood in each pulse can be used to calculate oxygen saturation.
The light energy from red (660 nm) and infrared (940 nm) LEDs is beamed through a sample cell—a
pulsating vascular bed, the patient’s finger or toe for example. The remaining light energy not absorbed
by the sample cell reaches a light receptor, called a photodiode, on the opposing side of the sensor. The
data received at the photodiode is sent back to the monitor where it is split into its red and infrared
components, digitized, processed by a microprocessor chip, and finally displayed as a numerical value
for oxygen saturation and a plethysmogram.
CO2SMO is calibrated to display “functional” saturation. This differs from the “fractional” saturation
value displayed by most co-oximeters
HbO2
100 - (COHb + METHb)
HbO2 = Fractional Hemoglobin
COHb = Carboxyhemoglobin
METHb = Methemoglobin
Functional Saturation =
Functional saturation represents the amount of oxyhemoglobin as a percentage of the hemoglobin that
can be oxygenated. Dysfunctional hemoglobins (COHb and METHb) are not included in the
measurement of functional saturation.
Pulse Rate is calculated by measuring the time interval between the peaks of the infrared light waveform.
The inverse of this measurement is displayed as pulse rate.
CO2SMO must be used in conjunction with SuperBright™ saturation sensors. An INCOMP SpO2 PROBE
message indicates a non-SuperBright™ Sensor is in use.
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CO2SMO User’s Manual
Rev. 04
Introduction
Front Panel Controls and Connectors
Front Panel Controls and Connectors
13
12
1
2
3
4
5
1
7
8
9
Press to turn CO2SMO on, or if on, press to turn
off ETCO2 portion of monitor. Press in combination
with
2
6
to turn unit off.
Press to turn CO2SMO on, or if on, press to turn
off SpO2 portion of monitor. Press in combination
with
to turn unit off.
3
AC ON
. If illuminated, CO2SMO is connected to
AC Mains power and charging internal battery.
4
LOW BAT
5
(Two Minute Silence). Illuminates when
key is
pressed. Indicates audible alerts are silenced for two
minutes.
. Illuminates when approximately 15
minutes of battery life remain.
6
Press and release to start Two Minute Silence, or
stop Two Minute Silence or Audio Off. Press and hold
three seconds to start Audio Off.
7
(Audio Off).Flashes when
key is pressed for
three seconds. Indicates audible alerts have been
disabled.
8
Press to turn off alert indicators. Alerts will
reactivate if still valid.
9
(Alert). Flashes red as soon as an alert occurs.
10 Softkeys (5). Perform the action annotated in the
Message Center above each key.
11
Press to mark an “event” in trend memory. When
pressed while in the Main Menu the waveform is
frozen for sixty seconds. Pressing the RUN softkey
will return to real time instantly.
Rev. 04
10
12
11
16
15 14
(Contrast). Press to adjust display contrast for
optimum viewing.
13
Press to switch between capnogram,
plethysmogram, or dual waveform displays
14 CO2 Input Connector. Plug the CAPNOSTAT CO2
Sensor in here.
15 Sampling System Inlet Connector. The Sampling
Airway Adapter tubing plugs in here.
16 Red Alert Bar. Flashes red when alert is latched.
Symbols:
Patient isolation: Identifies connection as type BF
Attention: Consult manual for detailed information
Indicates heavy metal content, specifically lead.
Found on the internal battery and monitor enclosure.
Pb Refer to qualified service personnel when battery
replacement is required.
Recyclable item. Found on the internal battery. Refer
to qualified service personnel when battery
replacement is required.
250V
Mains fuse rating for replacement fuses.
Separate collection. Ensure that spent batteries are
collected separately when disposed of. Found on the
internal battery. Refer to qualified service personnel
when battery replacement is required.
Equipotentiality: Connection to monitor’s chassis
CO2SMO User’s Manual
5
Section 1
Front Panel Controls and Connectors
POWER Keys
To turn CO2SMO on, press either the
keys.
or
key. To turn the monitor off, press both the
and
NOTE
CO2SMO powers up as a combined ETCO2/SpO2 monitor. If only the capnograph or pulse oximeter
portion is going to be used, the unused half can be disabled to avoid nuisance alerts and error
messages. With the monitor turned on, press either POWER key to shut down that half of the monitor.
Press the key again turn that half back on. To turn CO2SMO off while only one parameter is active, press
the power key associated with the active parameter.
Press
key
to turn off CO 2
Press
key
to turn off SpO2
AC Mains Operation
CO2SMO uses AC Mains (line cord) power if available and automatically switches to battery operation if
AC Mains power is removed or not present. An illuminated AC ON
indicator means the CO2SMO is
connected to AC Mains power and the internal battery is being charged.
To power CO2SMO from AC Mains (line cord) power; Plug the line cord into the rear panel AC input
connector. Set the rear panel power switch to the “|” (ON) position. Plug the other end of the line cord to
a properly grounded three-wire outlet.
NOTE
Caution: Ensure the AC ON
indicator is illuminated when operation from AC mains is desired,
otherwise power for the monitor is drawn from the internal battery. This can result in the monitor shutting
itself off if the battery is allowed to drop to the low battery state. See “Battery Operation” on page 6.
Battery Operation
CO2SMO uses battery power if the line cord is disconnected or the rear panel power switch is set to the
“O” (OFF) position. CO2SMO can operate up to two hours from its internal battery.
While on battery power, CO2SMO displays a battery icon to the right of the numerical Respiration display.
indicates a fully charged battery,
a half charge, and
indicates less than 30 minutes of battery
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CO2SMO User’s Manual
Rev. 04
Introduction
Front Panel Controls and Connectors
life remain. Note: The battery icon may appear fully charged for the first minute after switching to battery
power: wait one minute for the icon to truly reflect battery charge.
indicator starts to
When approximately 15 minutes of battery life remains, the front panel LOW BAT
flash. Reconnect the monitor to the AC Mains to recharge the battery. The monitor can be operated from
the AC Mains while the battery is being recharged. The battery will be fully recharged in 12-15 hours.
If the monitor continues operating on battery power while in the low battery state (
indicator flashing),
the message BATTERY VERY LOW PLUG IN AC POWER is displayed. If the monitor is allowed to
continue operation while in the very low battery state, the monitor shuts itself off to prevent damage to
the battery and monitor.
NOTE
This alert cannot be silenced by pressing the
key. The monitor must be connected to AC Mains
power to silence the alert condition and recharge the battery. See “AC Mains Operation” on page 6.
AUDIO Key
Audible alarms can be silenced in two ways; temporarily or permanently.
•
•
Two Minute Alarm Silence: Press the
key. The
(two minute silence) indicator illuminates
and audible alerts are silenced for two minutes. After two minutes, the indicator turns off and
audible alerts are again allowed to sound. To cancel the two minute silence before the two minutes
have elapsed, press the
key again and the silence condition will be cancelled.
Permanent Audio Off: Press and hold the
key until the
(audio off) indicator starts
flashing*. No audible alerts will be generated. To cancel the audio off condition, press the
key
again: it will stop flashing and audible alerts are again allowed to sound.
ALERT RESET Key
An alert occurs if ETCO2, respiration rate, SpO2 or pulse rate exceeds the displayed alert limits. Alerts
are also generated by conditions such as NO RESP. When an alert occurs, the
(alert) indicator flashes,
and the violated limit displays and the red alert bar may flash and an alarm may sound. Once the alert
condition is fixed,
and other flashing displays may continue even though the audible alarms stop.
Press the
key to stop an alert condition that is not currently active. Any alert messages, flashing
indicators or audible alerts will be disabled. Currently active alerts will be reset and again become active
once any time-out period has elapsed.
In certain conditions such as NO RESP, pressing
will reset (silence) the audible alerts until monitoring
is resumed and the monitor again displays end tidal and respiration rate values.
*If AUDIO OFF DISABLED appears when the user activates AUDIO OFF, refer to “Audio Mute” on page 63.
Rev. 04
CO2SMO User’s Manual
7
Section 1
Front Panel Controls and Connectors
The Menu SOFTKEYS
The Menu Center display area is located just above the five unmarked “softkeys”. Softkeys perform the
action displayed above each key. For example; above the rightmost softkey in the Main (or Base) Menu
is a MENU key. Press MENU and new menu and softkey functions are displayed. Press RUN to return to
the Main Menu.
NOTE
RUN always displays the Main Menu. NEXT and PREV (previous) move through the menus one level
at a time. The Main Menu will reappear if no key is pressed for one minute. The time out is extended to
five minutes if trends are displayed.
The Main (or Base) Menu is comprised of the following keys :
ALRT - Set alert limits, either manually or with Auto Alerts.
•
•
•
•
•
TRND - Trend page menus and displays.
SCALE - Capnogram sweep speed and vertical scale controls
CAL -Airway Adapter calibration menus
MENU -Access CO2 OPTIONS (O2/N20 compensation, sampling pump on/off) and SYSTEM
OPTIONS (audible alert volume, bright/dim display, averaging time) menus.
EVENT Key
Press the
key to place an “event” marker into the monitor’s trend memory. Pressing the
key while
in the Main Menu will freeze the waveform for sixty seconds, the message WAVEFORM FROZEN
appears on the display. To return to the real time display before the sixty second time out press the RUN
softkey. Pressing the EVENT softkey in menus other than the Main Menu will not freeze the waveform,
the event will however be recorded in trend memory. Events are stored in trend memory for use in
printouts and trend data examination. The message EVENT MARKED is displayed each time an event is
marked.
key is pressed, PRINT
When the CO2 SMO is configured for operation with a printer and the
WAVEFORM? will be displayed for approximately 60 seconds. Pressing the PRINT key during this time
will cause a printout of the waveform. The duration of this printout will be the 10 second interval
immediately preceding the pressing of the
key.
When the CO2SMO is configured for operation with the NOVACARD memory module and the
key is
pressed, STORE WAVEFORM? will be displayed for 60 seconds. Pressing the STORE key will store the
Based on factory default settings.
8
CO2SMO User’s Manual
Rev. 04
Introduction
Front Panel Controls and Connectors
waveform to the NOVACARD. Pressing ID will bring up the patient ID menu. The ERASE softkey will
erase the card. Pressing RUN will return to real time display.
CONTRAST Key
Press the
(contrast) key to adjust the display for optimum viewing.
WAVEFORM Key
Press
key to display the capnogram, plethysmogram, or dual waveform.
Red Alert Bar
The Red Alert Bar flashes when an alert occurs. The bar can be set to; “latched”, where the bar flashes
until the presses ALERT RESET; “unlatched”, the bar stops flashing when the alerting parameter returns
inside its limits; or “off”, where the bar will not turn on at all.
CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor Input Connector
The CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor plugs into this connector.
CAUTION
Connect only a Novametrix Catalog No. 7167, CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor to the CO2SMO CO2 Input
Connector. Do not use other CO2 sensors with the CO2SMO.
An INCOMPATIBLE CO2 SENSOR message indicates a non-compatible sensor is connected.
Sampling System Inlet Connector
The Sampling Airway Adapter tubing plugs into this connector.
Rev. 04
CO2SMO User’s Manual
9
Section 1
Rear Panel Controls and Connectors
Rear Panel Controls and Connectors
SpO2 Input Connector
The SpO2 Sensor plugs into this connector.
CAUTION
Connect only Novametrix SuperBright SpO2 sensors to the CO2SMO SpO2 Input Connector. Do not use
other SpO2 sensors with CO2SMO.
An INCOMP SpO2 PROBE message indicates a non-compatible sensor is connected.
AC Mains Power Module
The AC Mains line cord plugs into the Power Input Module and is held in place with the line cord retaining
clip. The monitor’s voltage setting (i.e., 115 VAC) is displayed on the module. When the power switch is
set to the “|” position, AC Mains line voltage will power the monitor and recharge the battery (if the line
cord is connected). If the power switch is set to the “O” position, AC Mains line voltage is prevented from
reaching the monitor’s power supply and the monitor must operate from its internal battery.
Sampling System Exhaust Connector
This port is provided so that gas analyzed with the Sampling Airway Adapter and tubing can be
scavenged as needed.
Data Communications Port
The “RS232C/Novametrix Accessories” connector provides an interface to external equipment such as a
printer and other external optional accessoriesw
10
CO2SMO User’s Manual
Rev. 04
Section 2
Patient Safety
The CO2SMO SpO2 Input is electrically isolated. Patient leakage current flowing from the instrument to
ground is limited to less than 10 µA at 120 VAC, 60 Hz. Patient isolation is greater than 10 MΩ, 2500
VAC rms at 60 Hz.
Indications and Usage
The CO2SMO ETCO2 Monitor, Model 7100, is intended to be used for monitoring end tidal CO2,
respiration rate, functional oxygen saturation and pulse rate in all critical monitoring environments
including ventilatory support, patient transport and anesthesia. CO2SMO is designed to monitor all
patients including adult, pediatric and neonatal. CO2SMO is not intended for any other purpose.
The following factors can influence CO2 measurement; nitrous oxide, elevated oxygen levels, barometric
pressure, water vapor and halogenated agents.
For maximum patient and operator safety, you must follow the following warnings and cautions.
Warnings
WARNING
!
Indicates a potentially harmful condition that can lead to personal injury
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Rev. 04
Explosion Hazard: Do NOT use CO2SMO in the presence of flammable anesthetics. Use of this
instrument in such an environment may present an explosion hazard.
Electrical Shock Hazard: Always turn CO2SMO off, and remove the line cord before cleaning it.
Do NOT use a damaged sensor or one with exposed electrical contacts. Refer servicing to
qualified service personnel.
Failure of Operation: If the monitor fails to respond as described, do not use it until the situation
has been corrected by qualified personnel.
Do not operate CO2SMO when it is wet due to spills or condensation.
Do not operate CO2SMO if it appears to have been dropped or damaged.
Keep CO2SMO and its accessories clean.
Never sterilize or immerse the monitor in liquids.
Connect the line cord only to a grounded hospital-grade outlet. CO2SMO should be connected to
the same electrical circuit as other equipment in use on the patient. Outlets on the same circuit can
be identified by the hospital’s engineering department.
Patient Safety: Care should be exercised to assure continued peripheral perfusion distal to the
SpO2 sensor site after application.
CO2SMO User’s Manual
11
Section 2
Cautions
•
•
•
The CO2SMO is not intended to be used as a primary diagnostic apnea monitor and/or recording
device.
Inspect the SpO2 sensor site often for adequate circulation - at least once every four hours. When
applying sensors take note of the patient’s physiological condition. For example, burn patients
may exhibit more sensitivity to heat and pressure and therefore additional consideration such as
more frequent site checks may be appropriate.
Data Validity: As with all pulse oximeters, inaccurate SpO2 and Pulse Rate values can be caused
by any of the following:
• Incorrect application or use of a sensor
• Significant levels of dysfunctional hemoglobin; carboxyhemoglobin or methemoglobin
• Significant levels of indocyanine green, methylene blue, or other intravascular dyes
• Exposure to excessive illumination such as surgical lamps—especially ones with a xenon
light source, or direct sunlight
• Excessive patient movement, venous pulsations, electrosurgical interference
•
•
•
•
Data Validity: The Pulse Oximeter should not be used as a substitute for an ECG monitor. The
oximeter’s Pulse Rate display reflects the pulsatile flow found at the patient extremity connected
to the sensor. This rate can be affected by many factors and may occasionally be “frozen.”
Do NOT attach an SpO2 sensor distal to a blood pressure cuff. Valid data CANNOT be processed
when the cuff is inflated. Attach the sensor to the limb opposite to the site used for the blood
pressure cuff.
A “NO RESPIRATION” alert is not generated when the CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor is not
connected to the monitor.
The CO2SMO has no protection against the ingress of water.
Cautions
CAUTION
!
Indicates a condition that may lead to equipment damage or malfunction.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
12
Do not operate CO2SMO when it is wet due to spills or condensation.
Do not operate CO2SMO if it appears to have been dropped or damaged.
Never sterilize or immerse the monitor in liquids.
Do not sterilize or immerse sensors except as directed in this manual.
Tension should not be applied to the sensor cable.
Overstretching the pulse oximeter finger sensor can damage the sensor and potentially affect pulse
oximeter readings. Do not stretch the finger sensor open beyond the limit for which it was
designed. Overstretching can be prevented: avoid opening the sensor by any means other than
squeezing the grips; Do NOT force the sensor onto large objects such as the bed rail.
In case of interference with our equipment or another manufacturer’s equipment, notify your
Novametrix representative.
Do NOT attach an SpO2 sensor distal to a blood pressure cuff. Valid data CANNOT be processed
when the cuff is inflated. Attach the sensor to the limb opposite to the site used for the blood
pressure cuff.
Care should be exercised to assure continued peripheral perfusion distal to the SpO2 sensor site
after application
CO2SMO User’s Manual
Rev. 04
Patient Safety
Cautions
•
•
•
Do not store the monitor or sensors at temperatures less than 14° F (-10° C) or greater than 131°
F (55° C).
Do not operate the monitor or sensors at temperatures less than 50° F (10° C) or greater than 104°
F (40° C).
Caution: Federal (U.S.A.) law restricts this device to sale, distribution, or use by or on the order
of a licensed medical practitioner.
NOTES
Indicates points of particular interest or emphasis for more efficient or convenient operation.
•
•
Rev. 04
Components of this product and its associated accessories which have patient contact are free of
latex.
After the life cycle of our equipment and all accessories has been met, disposal of the equipment
should be accomplished following the national requirements. Contact the local Novametrix
representative for questions concerning disposal.
CO2SMO User’s Manual
13
Section 2
Cautions
[This page intentionally blank.]
14
CO2SMO User’s Manual
Rev. 04
Section 3
Monitor Power Up
This section explains how to turn the CO2SMO on and off. It also explains AC Mains and battery power
operation.
Monitor Power Up
1.
Verify CAPNOSTAT CO2 and SpO2 Sensor integrity.
Ensure sensors and their extension cables are physically intact with no broken, frayed or
damaged components.
2.
Plug the CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor into the front panel input connector.
CAUTION
Connect only a Novametrix Catalog No. 7067 or 7167, CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensors to CO2SMO. Do
not use other CO2 sensors with the CO2SMO.
3.
Plug an SpO2 sensor (or extension cable) into the rear panel input connector.
CAUTION
Connect only Novametrix SuperBright SpO 2 sensors to the CO2SMO. Do not use other SpO2
sensors with CO2SMO.
Rev. 04
4.
To turn CO2SMO on, press either the
or
key.
Ensure all displays and indicators illuminate briefly. Ensure a “beep” sounds to indicate that the
audio is working. Verify a “Self Test in progress” appears followed by the main menu.
CO2SMO powers up as a combined ETCO2/SpO2 monitor. If only the capnograph or pulse
oximeter portion is going to be used, the unused half can be disabled to avoid nuisance alerts
and error messages. With the monitor turned on, press either power key to shut down that half
of the monitor. Press the key again turn that half back on.
5.
Press the
6.
Press YES to erase or press NO to retain stored trend information.
“ERASE STORED TRENDS?” is briefly displayed after power on. Press YES to erase the trend
data stored during previous monitoring episodes. To keep the stored trend data intact, press the
NO key (or don’t press any key and let the menu time out).
(contrast) key to adjust the display for optimum viewing.
CO2SMO User’s Manual
15
Section 3
Monitor Power Down
Monitor Power Down
1.
To turn CO2SMO off, press both the
and
keys.
To turn CO2SMO off while only one parameter is active, press the power key associated with the
active parameter.
AC Mains Operation
CO2SMO uses AC Mains (line cord) power if available and automatically switches to battery operation if
AC Mains power is removed or not present. An illuminated AC ON
indicator means the CO2SMO is
connected to AC Mains power and the internal battery is being charged.
To power CO2SMO from AC Mains (line cord) power; Plug the line cord into the rear panel AC input
connector. Set the rear panel power switch to the “|” (ON) position. Plug the other end of the line cord to
a properly grounded three-wire outlet.
Battery Operation
CO2SMO uses battery power if the line cord is disconnected or the rear panel power switch is set to the
“O” (OFF) position. CO2SMO can operate up to two hours from its internal battery.
While on battery power, CO2SMO displays a battery icon to the right of the numerical Respiration display.
indicates a fully charged battery,
a half charge, and
indicates less than 30 minutes of battery
life remain. Note: The battery icon may appear fully charged for the first minute after switching to battery
power: wait one minute for the icon to truly reflect battery charge.
indicator starts to
When approximately 15 minutes of battery life remain, the front panel LOW BAT
flash. Reconnect the monitor to the AC Mains to recharge the battery. The monitor can be operated from
the AC Mains while the battery is being recharged. The battery will be fully recharged in 12-15 hours.
If the monitor continues operating on battery power while in the low battery state (
indicator
flashing), the message BATTERY VERY LOW PLUG IN AC POWER is displayed. If the monitor is allowed
to continue operation while in the very low battery state, the monitor will alert, then shut itself off to
prevent damage to the battery and monitor.
NOTE
This alert cannot be silenced by pressing the
key. The monitor must be connected to AC Mains
power to silence the alert condition and recharge the battery. See “AC Mains Operation” on page 6.
16
CO2SMO User’s Manual
Rev. 04
Section 4
CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor
This section explains how to select an airway adapter based on the patient to be monitored, connect the
airway adapter to the CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor and to the patient’s airway circuit, and how and when
to calibrate the airway adapter and sensor.
Airway Adapter Selection
Select an airway adapter based on the patient and monitoring situation.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Adult Airway Adapter (Catalog No. 7007)
For patients with Endotracheal Tube diameters greater than 4.0 mm.
Single Patient Use Adult Airway Adapter (Catalog No. 6063)
For single patient use with Endotracheal Tube diameters greater than 4.0 mm.
Single Patient Use Adult Airway Adapter with Mouthpiece (Catalog No. 6421)
For single patient use for spot checking CO 2 on non-intubated adult or pediatric patients.
Neonatal Airway Adapter (Catalog No. 7053)
For patients with Endotracheal Tube diameters less than or equal to 4.0 mm.
Single Patient Use Neonatal Airway Adapter (Cat. No. 6312)
For monitoring intubated patients with an ET tube size of 4.0 or smaller.
Sampling Airway Adapter with tubing (Catalog No. 5843)
For non-intubated patients when used in conjunction with a nasal sampling cannula.
Adult Airway Adapter
The Adult Airway Adapter (Catalog No. 7007) should be used when monitoring patients with
Endotracheal Tube diameters greater than 4.0 mm. Alternatively, the Single Patient Use Adult Airway
Adapter (Catalog No. 6063) may be used. See “Single Patient Use Adult Airway Adapter” on page 19.
Rev. 04
1.
Verify the windows are clean and dry. Clean or replace the adapter if necessary.
2.
Snap the airway adapter into the CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor.
Align the arrow on the bottom of the airway adapter with the arrow on the bottom of the
CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor. Press the sensor and airway adapter together until they “click”.
3.
If necessary, perform an adapter calibration. Otherwise, skip this step.
Adapter Calibration needs to be performed each time you switch airway adapter types—for
example; if you switch from using an Adult to a Neonatal adapter, but not if you switch from an
Adult adapter to another Adult adapter. Adapter Calibration should also be performed if the
monitor displays ADAPTER CAL?.
To perform an Adapter Calibration:
CO2SMO User’s Manual
17
Section 4
Adult Airway Adapter
Press CAL. PLACE ON ADPT IN RM AIR message appears.
Place the sensor and airway adapter away from all sources of CO2 (including the patient’s—
and your own—exhaled breath, and ventilator exhaust valves).
Press START. TIME REMAINING counts down and the Main Menu reappears.
The actual calibration will take typically less than 15 seconds.
NOTE
If the monitor detects changing CO2 levels (breaths) during an adapter calibration, BREATHS
DETECTED? is displayed followed by PLACE ON ADPT IN RM AIR. To continue, remove the source
of CO2, wait 30 seconds, and press START.
4.
When using the Adult Airway Adapter, place the CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor/Airway Adapter assembly
at the proximal end of the airway circuit between the elbow and the ventilator circuit wye.
Shown with CAPNOSTAT
CO2 Sensor Cat. No. 7167
(may also use Cat. No. 7067)
To
Ventilator
Elbow
Wye
Cable Clip
(Cat. No. 8751)
Adult Airway Adapter
(Cat. No. 7007)
To
Patient
NOTE
•
•
•
18
For optimal results, do NOT place the airway adapter between the ET tube and the elbow, as this
may allow patient secretions to block the adapter windows.
Position the Airway Adapter with its windows in a vertical and NOT a horizontal position: This
helps keep patient secretions from “pooling” on the windows. If pooling does occur, the airway
adapter may be removed from the circuit, rinsed with water and reinserted into the circuit.
To prevent “rain-out” and moisture from draining into the Airway Adapter, do NOT place the
Airway Adapter in a gravity dependent position.
5.
Check that the connections have been made correctly by verifying a proper CO2 waveform (capnogram)
on the monitor display.
6.
The sensor cable should face away from the patient.
CO2SMO User’s Manual
Rev. 04
CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor
Single Patient Use Adult Airway Adapter
To secure the sensor cable safely out of the way, attach Sensor Cable Holding Clips to the airway
tubing, then connect the sensor cable to the clips (Cat. No. 8751).
7.
See “Monitoring CO2 and Respiratory Rate” on page 29.
Single Patient Use Adult Airway Adapter
The Single Patient Use Adult Airway Adapter (Catalog No. 6063) should be used when monitoring
patients with Endotracheal Tube diameters greater than 4.0 mm. Alternatively, the (reusable) Adult
Airway Adapter (Catalog No 7007) may be used. See “Adult Airway Adapter” on page 17.
WARNING
The Single Patient Use Adult Airway Adapter is intended for single patient use, do not re-use or
sterilize the adapter as system performance may be compromised.
1.
Remove the adapter from the package. Verify the adapter is intact.
2.
Snap the Single Patient Use airway adapter into the CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor. It will click into place
when properly seated.
3.
Perform an adapter calibration.
Adapter Calibration needs to be performed each time you switch airway adapter types—for
example; if you switch from using a Neonatal to a Single Patient Use Adult adapter, but not if
you switch from one Single Patient Use Adult adapter to another Single Patient Use Adult
adapter. Adapter Calibration should also be performed if the monitor displays ADAPTER CAL?.
To perform an Adapter Calibration:
Press CAL. PLACE ON ADPT IN RM AIR message appears.
Place the sensor and airway adapter away from all sources of CO2 (including the patient’s—
and your own—exhaled breath, and ventilator exhaust valves).
Press START. TIME REMAINING counts down and the Main Menu reappears.
The actual calibration will take typically less than 15 seconds.
NOTE
If the monitor detects changing CO2 levels (breaths) during an adapter calibration, BREATHS
DETECTED? is displayed followed by PLACE ON ADPT IN RM AIR. To continue, remove the source
of CO2, wait 30 seconds, and press START.
Rev. 04
CO2SMO User’s Manual
19
Section 4
Single Patient Use Airway Adapter with Mouthpiece
4.
Install the CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor/Airway Adapter assembly at the proximal end of the airway circuit
between the elbow and the ventilator circuit wye.
Shown with CAPNOSTAT
CO2 Sensor Cat. No. 7167
(may also use Cat. No. 7067)
To
Ventilator
Elbow
Wye
Cable Clip
(Cat. No. 8751)
Adult Airway Adapter
(Cat. No. 7007)
To
Patient
NOTE
•
•
•
For optimal results, do NOT place the airway adapter between the ET tube and the elbow, as this
may allow patient secretions to block the adapter windows.
Position the Airway Adapter with its windows in a vertical and NOT a horizontal position: This
helps keep patient secretions from “pooling” on the windows. If pooling does occur, the airway
adapter may be removed from the circuit, rinsed with water and reinserted into the circuit.
To prevent “rain-out” and moisture from draining into the Airway Adapter, do NOT place the
Airway Adapter in a gravity dependent position.
Single Patient Use Airway Adapter with Mouthpiece
The single patient use airway adapter with mouthpiece (Catalog No. 6421) can be used for spot checking
CO2 on non-intubated adult or pediatric patients.
CAUTION
The airway adapter with mouthpiece is intended for single patient use. Do not re-use or sterilize the
adapter, as system performance will be compromised.
Instructions for use:
1.
20
Verify that the adapter and mouthpiece are intact and securely fastened to each other.
CO2SMO User’s Manual
Rev. 04
CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor
Neonatal Airway Adapter
2.
Press the CAPNOSTAT® CO2 Sensor onto the airway adapter. It will click into place when properly
seated. The CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor cable should be facing away from the mouthpiece.
Direction of sensor cable
CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor
Mouthpiece
Airway adapter
To patient
3.
Perform an airway zero only if prompted by the monitor.
An airway zero is not needed if a single patient use adapter had previously been used. An airway zero
should be performed only if the monitor displays “ADAPTER CAL?”.
To perform an airway zero:
3a. Press CAL. “PLACE ON ADPT IN RM AIR” message appears.
3b. Place the sensor and airway adapter away from all sources of CO2 (including the patient’s
- and your own - exhaled breath, and ventilator exhaust valves).
3c. Press START. “TIME REMAINING” counts down and the Main Menu reappears. The
actual airway zero will typically take less than 15 seconds.
If the monitor detects changing CO2 levels (breaths) during an airway zero, “ BREATHS
DETECTED?” is displayed followed by “PLACE ADPT IN RM AIR”. To continue, remove the
source of the CO2, wait 30 seconds, and press START.
4.
Patient should seal mouth completely around the mouthpiece, then breathe normally.
Neonatal Airway Adapter
The Neonatal Airway Adapter (Catalog No. 7053) should be used when monitoring patients with
Endotracheal Tube diameters less than or equal to 4.0 mm.
Rev. 04
1.
Verify the windows are clean and dry. Clean or replace the adapter if necessary.
2.
Snap the airway adapter into the CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor.
Align the arrow on the bottom of the airway adapter with the arrow on the bottom of the
CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor. Press the sensor and airway adapter together until they “click”.
3.
If necessary, perform an adapter calibration. Otherwise, skip this step.
Adapter Calibration needs to be performed each time you switch airway adapter types—for
example; if you switch from using an Adult to a Neonatal adapter, but not if you switch from
CO2SMO User’s Manual
21
Section 4
Neonatal Airway Adapter
one Neonatal adapter to another Neonatal adapter. Adapter Calibration should also be
performed if the monitor displays ADAPTER CAL?.
To perform an Adapter Calibration:
Press CAL, PLACE ON ADPT IN RM AIR message appears.
Place the sensor and airway adapter away from all sources of CO2 (including the patient’s—
and your own—exhaled breath, and ventilator exhaust valves).
Press START. TIME REMAINING counts down and the Main Menu reappears.
The actual calibration will take typically less than 15 seconds.
NOTE
If the monitor detects changing CO2 levels (breaths) during an adapter calibration, BREATHS
DETECTED? is displayed followed by PLACE ON ADPT IN RM AIR. To continue, remove the source
of CO2, wait 30 seconds, and press START.
4.
When using the Neonatal Airway Adapter, place the CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor/Airway Adapter
assembly between the endotracheal tube and the ventilator circuit wye.
Shown with CAPNOSTAT
CO2 Sensor Cat. No. 7167
(may also use Cat. No. 7067)
To
Patient
To
Ventilator
Wye
Neonatal Airway Adapter
(Cat. No. 7053)
NOTE
•
•
•
5.
22
For optimal results, do NOT place the airway adapter between the ET tube and the elbow, as this
may allow patient secretions to block the adapter windows.
Position the Airway Adapter with its windows in a vertical and NOT a horizontal position: This
helps keep patient secretions from “pooling” on the windows. If pooling does occur, the airway
adapter may be removed from the circuit, rinsed with water and reinserted into the circuit.
To prevent “rain-out” and moisture from draining into the Airway Adapter, do NOT place the
Airway Adapter in a gravity dependent position.
Check the connections have been made correctly by verifying a proper CO2 waveform (capnogram) on
the monitor display.
CO2SMO User’s Manual
Rev. 04
CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor
Single Patient Use Neonatal Airway Adapter
6.
The sensor cable should face away from the patient.
7.
See “Monitoring CO2 and Respiratory Rate” on page 29.
Single Patient Use Neonatal Airway Adapter
The single patient use Neonatal Airway Adapter (Catalog No. 6312) should be used when monitoring
intubated patients with an ET tube size of 4.0 or smaller with Novametrix CAPNOSTAT® mainstream
CO2 sensors (Catalog No. 7167).
Deadspace: The added deadspace due to the presence of the adapter is less than .5 cc.
CAUTION
The neonatal airway adapter is intended for single patient use. Do not re-use or sterilize the adapter,
as system performance will be compromised.
Instructions for Use:
Rev. 04
1.
Verify that the airway adapter is intact.
2.
Align the arrow on the airway adapter with the arrow on the CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor and press
together. It will “click” into place when properly seated.
3.
Perform an airway zero only if prompted by the monitor. An airway zero is not needed if a single patient
use neonatal adapter had previously been used. An airway zero should be performed only if the monitor
displays “ADAPTER CAL?” otherwise, skip this step.
To perform an airway zero:
CO2SMO User’s Manual
23
Section 4
Single Patient Use Neonatal Airway Adapter
3a. Press CAL. “PLACE ON ADPT IN RM AIR” message appears.
3b. Place the sensor with airway adapter away from all sources of CO2 (including the
patient’s - and your own - exhaled breath and ventilator exhaust valves.)
3c. Press START. “TIME REMAINING” counts down and the Main Menu reappears. The
actual airway zero will typically take less than 15 seconds.
If the monitor detects changing CO 2 levels (breaths) during an airway zero, “ BREATHS
DETECTED?” is displayed followed by “PLACE ADPT IN RM AIR”. To continue, remove the
source of the CO2, wait 30 seconds and press START.
4.
Install at the proximal end of the circuit between the ET tube and the ventilator wye. The cable of the
CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor should be facing away from the patient.
CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor
ET Tube
Ventilator wye
Neonatal airway adapter
NOTE
•
•
5.
24
Position the airway adapter with its windows in a vertical and NOT a horizontal position: This
helps keep patient secretions from collecting on the windows. If pooling does occur, the airway
adapter may be removed from the circuit, rinsed with water and reinserted into the circuit.
For routine performance of airway care, separate the system between the ET tube and the airway
adapter. Lavage and suctioning of the airway can then be performed without fluids and mucous
accumulating on the neonatal airway adapter windows.
Ensure the integrity of the patient breathing circuit after insertion of the airway adapter by verifying a
proper CO2 waveform (capnogram) on the monitor display.
CO2SMO User’s Manual
Rev. 04
CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor
Sampling Airway Adapter
Sampling Airway Adapter
The Sampling Airway Adapter with tubing (Catalog No. 5843) should be used in conjunction with a nasal
sampling cannula to monitor non-intubated patients, and to provide sidestream monitoring of pediatric
tracheostomy patients.
Non-Intubated Patients
1.
Verify the windows are clean and dry. Clean or replace the adapter if necessary.
2.
Snap the airway adapter into the CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor.
Align the arrow on the bottom of the airway adapter with the arrow on the bottom of the
CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor. Press the sensor and airway adapter together until they “click”.
3.
Connect the sampling tubing to the Sampling Inlet port located on the front of the monitor.
4.
Connect a Dehumidification Tubing Set to the Sampling Airway Adapter.
Use of the Nafion® Dehumidification Tubing Set (Cat. No. 8908) is optional. Its use is
recommended—especially during high humidity or lengthy monitoring episodes.
5.
Connect a Nasal CO2 Sampling Cannula to the Dehumidification Tubing Set.
(Or to the Sampling Airway Adapter if not using the dehumidification tubing).
Shown with CAPNOSTAT
CO2 Sensor Cat. No. 7167
(may also use Cat. No. 7067)
Nasal CO2 Cannula
(Cat. No. 8781, 8780
8906, or 8907)
Sampling Airway Adapter
with tubing (Cat. No. 5843)
Dehumidification Tubing
(Cat. No. 8908)
Cat. No.
8781
8780
8906
8907
6.
To Monitor
Sampling Inlet
Cannula Type
Nasal CO2 Sampling Cannula—Adult
Nasal CO2 Sampling Cannula—Pediatric
Nasal CO2 Sampling and O2 Delivery Cannula—Adult
Nasal CO2 Sampling and O2 Delivery Cannula—Pediatric
Ensure the sampling pump is turned on—the pump icon (
) is displayed.
To turn the sampling pump on (or off):
Press the MENU softkey and CO2 OPTIONS appears.
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CO2SMO User’s Manual
25
Section 4
Sampling Airway Adapter
Press PUMP and SET SAMPLING PUMP appears.
Press ON to turn the sampling pump on (or press OFF to turn the pump off).
7.
If necessary, perform an adapter calibration. Otherwise, skip this step.
Adapter Calibration is necessary when the pump is first turned on; in order to set the sampling
system alert thresholds, and to compensate for the unique optical characteristics of the sampling
airway adapter. After the first sampling adapter calibration, subsequent patient setups using
sampling adapters do not require adapter calibration—so long as the pump is not turned off and
similar cannula/dryer tubing combinations are used. Adapter Calibration should also be
performed if the monitor displays CAL CO2 CANNULA.
To perform a Sampling Adapter Calibration:
•
•
•
•
•
Press CAL and CO2 CANNULA ATTACHED ? appears.
Verify the cannula (and dryer tubing, if used) is attached to the adapter, and the adapter tubing is
attached to the monitor.
Press CONT (continue) and PLACE ON ADPT IN RM AIR appears.
Place the cannula away from all sources of CO2 (including the patient’s—and your own—exhaled
breath, and ventilator exhaust valves).
Press START. TIME REMAINING counts down and the Main Menu reappears.
The actual calibration will take typically less than 15 seconds.
NOTE
If the monitor detects changing CO2 levels (breaths) during an adapter calibration, BREATHS
DETECTED? is displayed followed by PLACE ON ADPT IN RM AIR. To continue, remove the
source of CO2, wait 30 seconds, and press START.
8.
If using a Nasal CO2 Sampling and O2 Delivery Cannula, attach the O2 tubing to the administration
device and set the device to the prescribed O 2 setting.
9.
Position the cannula on the patient.
Insert the cannula tips into the nostrils, pass the cannula tubing over the ears, then slide the retaining
sleeve up the tubing toward the neck to a comfortable fit under chin.
10.
Check the connections have been made properly by verifying a proper CO2 waveform (capnogram) on
the monitor display.
11.
Using the CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor holding clip, secure the sensor in a convenient place (such as the
on the patient’s clothing or bedding).
NOTE
If possible, position the Sampling Adapter with its windows in a vertical, and NOT a horizontal
position; this helps keep moisture from “pooling” on the windows. If pooling does occur, the airway
adapter may be removed from the circuit, rinsed with water and reinserted into the unit.
To prevent “rain-out” and moisture from draining into the Sampling Adapter, do NOT place the
Sampling Adapter in a gravity dependent position.
26
12.
Use the twist clips to connect the sensor cable and sampling tubing together, then place them out of the
way.
13.
See “Monitoring CO2 and Respiratory Rate” on page 29.
CO2SMO User’s Manual
Rev. 04
CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor
Calibration
Calibration
Sensor Calibration
The CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor does NOT require calibration at each monitor power up.
Calibration of a particular CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor is necessary only when (1), the monitor requests
calibration, and (2), the first time a particular sensor is connected to a particular monitor—as is the case
the first time you power up your CO2SMO and CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor.
Once calibrated, CO2SMO can be turned off and on, and the CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor can be unplugged
and reconnected, without having to recalibrate. However, if a second CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor is
connected in place of the original, the new sensor must be calibrated—and if at a later time the original
sensor is reconnected, it too will then have to be recalibrated.
To perform a CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor calibration;
1.
Verify the CO2SMO is turned on and the CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor is plugged in.
2.
Place the CAPNOSTAT CO2 sensor onto the ZERO cell. A TIME REMAINING counter is displayed.
The sensor cable should face away from the CO2SMO. If WAIT FOR SENSOR appears, the
sensor is not at operating temperature (as might be the case if the monitor was just turned on or
the sensor was just plugged in). The TIME REMAINING message indicates that the sensor is
being calibrated and will usually appear within about one to two minutes. The actual calibration
will take typically less than 15 seconds.
3.
After the timer counts down, PLACE ON REF CELL appears.
4.
Remove the sensor from the ZERO cell and place it on the REF (reference) cell.
The sensor cable should face away from the CO2SMO.
5.
CHECKING CALIBRATION is displayed.
6.
Within several seconds CALIBRATION VERIFIED should appear. Remove the sensor from the cell. The
sensor is ready for use.
If NOT CALIBRATED appears, return the sensor to the ZERO cell and calibration is restarted. If
NOT CALIBRATED appears again, or if CALIBRATION ERROR appears, remove the sensor from
use and contact the Novametrix Service Department.
Calibration Verification
The user can, at any time, quickly and easily verify CO2SMO/CAPNOSTAT calibration—and should do
so periodically. Calibration verification is also warranted (and easily achieved) if clinical assessment of
patient status by alternate means leads to questions of monitor accuracy.
To verify calibration;
1.
Verify the CO2SMO is turned on and the CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor is plugged in.
2.
Place the sensor onto the REF (reference) cell.
The reference cell is the one farthest from the face of the monitor. The sensor cable should face
away from the CO2SMO.
3.
CHECKING CALIBRATION is displayed.
If WAIT FOR SENSOR appears, the sensor is not at operating temperature (as might be the case
if the monitor was just turned on or the sensor just plugged in). CHECKING CALIBRATION will
usually appear within about one minute.
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CO2SMO User’s Manual
27
Section 4
Calibration
4.
Within several seconds CALIBRATION VERIFIED should appear. Remove the sensor from the cell. The
sensor is ready for use.
If NOT CALIBRATED appears, remove the sensor from the Reference cell and place it on the
Zero cell. Calibration is automatically started and, within 15 seconds later, PLACE ON REF
CELL should appear. Place the sensor onto the reference cell and within several seconds
CALIBRATION VERIFIED should appear.
Adapter Calibration
Adapter Calibration compensates for the optical differences between the Adult, Neonatal and Sampling
Airway Adapters.
Adapter Calibration needs to be performed each time you switch airway adapter types—for example; if
you switch from using an Adult to a Neonatal adapter, but not if you switch from an Adult adapter to
another Adult adapter. Adapter Calibration should also be performed if the monitor displays ADAPTER
CAL? or CAL CO2 CANNULA.
Refer to “Adult Airway Adapter” on page 17, “Neonatal Airway Adapter” on page 21, and “Sampling
Airway Adapter” on page 25 for specific Adapter Calibration details.
28
CO2SMO User’s Manual
Rev. 04
Section 5
Monitoring CO2 and Respiratory Rate
Once the Capnostat CO2 Sensor and airway adapter are connected to the patient’s airway circuit,
CO2SMO displays ETCO2, Inspired CO2 if present, Respiratory Rate and a capnogram.
Carbon Dioxide
CO 2SMO’s Carbon Dioxide display reflects the maximum concentration of CO2 detected during
respiration. This maximum CO2 concentration usually occurs at the end of expiration, thus the term “End
Tidal CO2” or ETCO2.
End Tidal CO2
CO2SMO measures ETCO2 in the range of 0-99 mmHg. The system is accurate to ± 2 mmHg from 0-40
mmHg, and to within 5% of the reading from 40-99 mmHg.
ETCO2
Audible and visible limit alerts are provided for ETCO2. See “Alerts” on page 59.
Oxygen Compensation
Unless compensated for, the presence of oxygen at elevated concentrations affects the measurement of
the concentration of CO2. Typically, unless compensated for, oxygen levels in excess of 60% tend to
decrease the displayed CO2 value by approximately 5% of reading.
CO2SMO allows the user to enable O2 Compensation if oxygen levels in excess of 60% are introduced to
the airway circuit. O2 Compensation should be turned off if the O2 concentration is less than 60%. When
O2 Compensation is active, “O2” is displayed below the respiration rate display.
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CO2SMO User’s Manual
29
Section 5
Carbon Dioxide
O2 Indicator
To turn O2 Compensation on or off:
1.
Press the MENU key. CO2 OPTIONS appears.
2.
Press the O2 key. O2 COMPENSATION >60% appears.
The current setting flashes.
3.
Press ON or OFF as desired.
Press ON to activate O2 Compensation. The O2 icon is displayed.
Press OFF to turn off O2 Compensation. The O2 icon display is removed.
4.
Press RUN to return to the Main Menu.
Nitrous Oxide Compensation
Unless compensated for, the presence of nitrous oxide affects the measurement of the concentration of
CO2. Typically, unless compensated for, nitrous oxide in concentrations of 50-70%, tend to increase the
displayed CO2 value by approximately 5% of reading.
CO2SMO allows the user to enable N2O Compensation if nitrous oxide is introduced to the airway circuit.
N2O Compensation should be turned off if nitrous oxide is not present. When N2O Compensation is
active, “N2O” is displayed below the respiration rate display.
N2O indicator
To turn nitrous oxide compensation on or off:
30
1.
Press the MENU key. CO2 OPTIONS appears.
2.
Press the N2O key. N2O COMPENSATION appears.
The current setting flashes.
3.
Press ON or OFF as desired.
Press ON to activate N2O Compensation. The N2O icon is displayed.
Press OFF to turn off N2O Compensation. The N2O icon display is removed.
4.
Press RUN to return to the Main Menu.
CO2SMO User’s Manual
Rev. 04
Monitoring CO2 and Respiratory Rate
Carbon Dioxide
Barometric Pressure Compensation
Barometric pressure changes (changes in base altitude from sea level) can affect the CO2 value. CO2SMO
is shipped from the factory with barometric pressure compensation set at 760 mmHg (sea level). If the
monitor is used in an area with a different normal barometric pressure, the compensation should be
changed to the new pressure value. Normal day-to-day barometric pressure variations should not require
adjustment of the monitor’s barometric pressure setting.
NOTE
Monitors with version 1.9 software do not support automatic barometric pressure compensation.
These monitors can be identified by an “L” in the serial number suffix. Refer to the appropriate
section below regarding the variation of version 1.9 software.
To compensate for barometric pressure:
1.
Press and hold the MENU key for 3-seconds. CO2 SETUP OPTIONS appears.
2.
Press the BARO (barometric pressure) key. BAROMETRIC PRESSURE appears.
The current barometric pressure setting (560-780 mmHg) is displayed, and the current selection
MANUAL or AUTO will flash.
3.
Press AUTO or MANUAL as desired.
Press AUTO to select monitor’s automatic barometric pressure compensation. The monitor will
briefly display AUTOMATIC BARO PRESSURE COMPENSATION SELECTED.
Press MANUAL to manually enter barometric pressure compensation. Press ↑ or ↓ to increase
or decrease the barometric pressure setting. Rounding to the closest setting results in less than
a 0.15% error in the CO2 value.
4.
Press RUN to return to the Main Menu.
To compensate for barometric pressure, with revision 1.9 software:
1.
Press and hold the MENU key for 3-seconds. CO2 SETUP OPTIONS appears.
2.
Press the BARO (barometric pressure) key. BAROMETRIC PRESSURE =XXX mmHg appears.
XXX will be the current barometric pressure setting (560-780 mmHg).
3.
Press ↑ or ↓ as desired
Press ↑ or ↓ to increase or decrease the barometric pressure setting. Rounding to the closet setting results
in les than a 0.15% error in the CO2 value.
Pressing the PREV key will display the CO2 SETUP OPTIONS menu.
4.
Press RUN to return to the Main Menu.
ETCO2 Calculation
CO2SMO is configured when shipped from the factory to display the highest ETCO2 value measured
during the most recent ten seconds of patient monitoring. This sliding ten second calculation period can
be extended to 20 seconds. One breath averaging, where the ETCO2 value of each breath is displayed,
can also be selected. ETCO2 calculation does not affect Respiratory Rate.
To view or alter the ETCO2 calculation time:
1.
Rev. 04
Press the MENU key. CO2 OPTIONS appears.
CO2SMO User’s Manual
31
Section 5
Carbon Dioxide
2.
Press the NEXT key. SYSTEM OPTIONS appears.
3.
Press the AVG (averaging) key. AVERAGING SELECTIONS appears.
4.
Press the CO2 key. SELECT ETCO2 AVERAGING appears.
The current setting flashes.
5.
Press 1BR, 10s, or 20s as desired.
Press 1BR to select breath-by-breath ETCO2 display.
Press 10s to display the highest ETCO2 value within the most recent 10 seconds.
Press 20s to display the highest ETCO2 value within the most recent 20 seconds.
6.
Press RUN to return to the Main Menu.
Inspired CO2
CO2 concentrations measured during inspiration are typically close to 0 mmHg. Rebreathing, whether
intentional or not, tends to raise the minimum concentration of CO2. CO2SMO automatically displays
“Inspired CO2” if the minimum detected concentration of CO2 is in excess of 3 mmHg for periods longer
than 15 seconds. CO 2 SMO displays Inspired CO 2 in the form of “INSP=XX” , where XX is the
concentration of CO2. There are no alerts for Inspired CO2.
Inspired
CO2
CO2 Display Units
CO2SMO can display CO2 values in any of three units of measure, millimeters of Mercury (mmHg), kilo
Pascals (kPa), or percent (%).
To change the CO2 display unit of measure:
32
1.
Press and hold the MENU key for 3-seconds. CO2 SETUP OPTIONS appears.
2.
Press the UNITS key. SELECT CO2 UNITS appears.
The current CO2 display unit of measure flashes.
3.
Press mmHg, kPa or % as desired.
mmHg. Display CO2 in millimeters of Mercury.
kPa. Display CO2 in kilo Pascals
%. Display CO2 in percent.
4.
If the units are changed, UNIT CHANGE ERASES TREND appears.
Press CONT (continue) or CANCEL as desired.
CONT. Change the units display and erase all stored trend data.
CANCEL. Do not change the display units. Leave stored trend data intact.
If no key is pressed, the menu times out, and CANCEL is selected automatically.
5.
Press RUN to return to the Main Menu.
CO2SMO User’s Manual
Rev. 04
Monitoring CO2 and Respiratory Rate
Respiratory Rate
Respiratory Rate
CO2SMO’s Respiratory Rate display is the result of averaging the inverse of the eight most recently
detected time intervals between CO2 waveforms.
CO2SMO measures Respiratory Rate in the range of 0-150 br/min. The display is accurate to ± 1 br/min.
The monitor provides audible and visible high and low limit alerts for Respiratory Rate. See “Alerts” on
page 59.
With each breath, an icon of a pair of lungs, flashes beside the Respiration display.
Resp. Rate
Lungs Icon
Respiratory Interval Alert
CO2SMO is equipped with a Respiratory Interval Alert. The “No Respiration” interval alert time is
selectable.* The time duration during which no respiration is detected before an alert condition is
initiated, can be from 10 seconds to 60 seconds in 5 second increments. See “Selecting the Respiratory
Interval Alert Timer Duration” on page 34.
If no respiration is detected during the programmed time duration;
•
•
•
•
The CO2 and Respiration displays are set to zero
The
indicator and Red Alert Bar (unless disabled by the user) starts to flash
An audible alert sounds (unless audio has been disabled)
A NO RESP (no respiration) timer appears in the capnogram display area and shows the time in
minutes and seconds (10 minute max.) since the last detected respiration.
No Resp. Timer
If respiration resumes;
•
•
•
CO2 and Respiration displays will reflect patient status
Audible and visible alerts will be reset (at the third breath)
The NO RESP timer will disappear (at the third breath)
*The “No Respiration” interval alert is selectable in software version 2.8 and newer. Earlier versions are set at 20 seconds.
Monitors with version 2.8 software are identified by a “CC” in the serial number suffix.
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CO2SMO User’s Manual
33
Section 5
Respiratory Rate
If, during a Respiratory Interval Alert, the user presses
•
•
;
The audible alert and Red Alert Bar are reset
The
indicator continues to flash and the NO RESP timer remains displayed.
The Respiratory Interval Alert will not activate until the monitor detects some initial respiration and
displays a nonzero Respiratory Rate. This keeps the alert from activating before the sensor is connected
to the patient’s airway.
Selecting the Respiratory Interval Alert Timer Duration
To select the Respiratory Interval Alert Timer duration:
1.
From the Main Menu press MENU.
2.
When the CO2 OPTIONS screen appears press NEXT.
The SYSTEM OPTIONS menu will appear.
3.
From the SYSTEM OPTIONS menu press AVG.
4.
From the AVERAGING SELECTIONS screen select “No Resp”.
5.
The NO RESPIRATION TIMER screen will appear.
From the NO RESPIRATION TIMER screen select the time by using the arrow keys. The time is selectable
from 10 seconds to 60 seconds in 5 second increments.
Press PREV to return to the previous menu (AVERAGING SELECTIONS). Pressing the PREV softkey will
return to the previous screen without saving any changes in the no respiration timer.
6.
When the desired time is displayed press the RUN softkey to return to the Main Menu.
The displayed time will be saved and the monitor will return to the Main Menu.
Respiratory Rate Editor
Certain rebreathing circuits, or the presence of artifact such as cardiogenic oscillations, may cause
CO2SMO’s adaptive digital detection algorithm to react to non-respiratory CO2 fluctuations as if they
were breaths. This condition may cause the monitor’s numerical Respiratory Rate display to show values
greater than the actual Respiratory Rate. The Capnogram display continues to provide an accurate CO 2
signal.
The Respiratory Rate Editor can be enabled by the user to add additional adaptive waveform duration and
amplitude criteria to the detection algorithm. Use of the Respiratory Rate Editor makes the monitor more
selective in its differentiation of waveforms caused by breathing and those introduced by artifact. As a
result, when the editor is in use, the monitor will adapt slowly to sudden changes in respiratory rate.
To insure the maximum possible sensitivity to changing respiratory rates, it is recommended that the
Respiratory Rate Editor be used only in situations in which non-respiratory CO2 fluctuations, visible in
the Capnogram display, are observed to affect the numerical Respiratory Rate display. When the
Respiratory Rate Editor is active, “EDIT” appears below the respiratory rate display in place of the “br/
m” legend.
34
CO2SMO User’s Manual
Rev. 04
Monitoring CO2 and Respiratory Rate
Capnogram
Resp. Rate
Editor Icon
To turn the Respiratory Rate Editor on or off:
1.
Press and hold the MENU key for 3-seconds. CO2 SETUP OPTIONS appears.
2.
Press the EDIT key. RESP RATE EDITOR appears.
The current status of the Respiratory Rate Editor flashes.
3.
Press ON or OFF as desired.
ON. Turn on Respiratory Rate Editor on.
OFF. Turn the Respiratory Rate Editor off.
4.
Press RUN to return to the Main Menu.
Capnogram
CO2SMO displays a capnogram, a graphic representation of the concentration of CO2 as a function of
time. The user can change the speed at which the capnogram is drawn across the display. The user can
also change the capnogram’s vertical scale.
Capnogram
Scale (half)
Capnogram
Capnogram Speed
To change the capnogram’s sweep speed:
1.
Press the SCALE key. CAPNOGRAM CONTROLS appears.
If necessary, press
Rev. 04
to display both the capnogram and the SCALE key.
2.
Press the mm/s key. SWEEP SPEED mm/sec appears.
The current setting flashes.
3.
Select the 6.5, 13 or 26 mm/sec as desired.
At 6.5 mm/sec the capnogram show approximately 12 seconds of data.
At 13 mm/sec the capnogram shows approximately 6 seconds of data.
At 26 mm/sec the capnogram shows approximately 3 seconds of data.
4.
Press RUN to return to the Main Menu.
CO2SMO User’s Manual
35
Section 5
Capnogram
Capnogram Scale
To change the capnogram’s vertical scale:
1.
Press the SCALE key. CAPNOGRAM CONTROLS appears.
If necessary, press
to display both the capnogram and the SCALE key.
2.
Press the SCALE key.
The capnogram’s vertical scale toggles from 0-50 to 0-75 to 0-100 mmHg with each keypress.
3.
Press RUN to return to the Main Menu.
Selecting the Instantaneous CO2 Mode
In the instantaneous CO2 mode the instantaneous CO2 value will be displayed and OFF icons will appear
in the ETCO2 and Respiration limits screen section. This indicates that the ETCO2 alert limits, and the
respiration alert limits are not active (while in the instantaneous mode). When in instantaneous mode the
Respiration display will show “INST”. When this option is selected the Respiration value will not be
shown, the Respiratory Interval Alert Timer timer will also be disabled. See “Respiratory Interval Alert”
on page 33.
To select the instantaneous CO2 mode:
1.
From the Main Menu press MENU.
2.
When the CO2 OPTIONS screen appears press NEXT.
3.
From the SYSTEM OPTIONS menu press AVG.
4.
From the AVERAGING SELECTIONS screen press CO2.
5.
The SELECT ETCO2 AVERAGING screen will appear. Press INST, the monitor will return to the previous
menu AVERAGING SELECTIONS.
Selecting INST will activate the Instantaneous mode. “INST” will appear in the respiration field, and both
respiration and ETCO2 limit alert will be deactivated. Alert disabled icons will appear in the upper
corners of the ETCO2 screen section.
Selection of 1BR (Single Breath), 10s, or 20s will select the ETCO2 mode and use the selected averaging
time. The currently set alert limits will still be active (unless the respiration alerts were deactivated in the
SET ALERT LIMITS screen).
Monitors with software version 2.8 or newer have the Instantaneous CO2 mode, earlier version software does not support
this option.
36
CO2SMO User’s Manual
Rev. 04
Section 6
SpO2 Sensors
This section explains how to select an SpO2 sensor, how to connect the sensor to the monitor, and how
to apply the sensor to that patient.
CAUTION
Connect only Novametrix saturation sensor extension cables and/or SuperBright SpO2 sensors to
CO2SMO. Do not use other SpO2 sensors or accessories with CO2SMO. Before connecting to the
patient or to CO2SMO, ensure sensor extension cables and/or sensors are physically intact, with no
broken, frayed or damaged components.
To attach a SuperBright sensor or sensor extension cable to CO2SMO:
1.
Plug the connector into the rear panel SpO 2 Input.
The connector clicks into place when properly seated. Do not twist the connector. Sensors may
be connected or removed whether or not the monitor is turned on.
2.
To disconnect, press the latch release lever pull the connector from the monitor.
Do not twist the connector.
PRESS DOWN ON LATCH RELEASE
THEN PULL OUT
OxySnap Connectors
To connect an OxySnap extension cable to an OxySnap SuperBright sensor:
Rev. 04
1.
Align the arrows on the OxySnap connectors and press the connectors together.
2.
To disconnect, grasp the connectors at the finger grips and pull them apart.
CO2SMO User’s Manual
37
Section 6
Finger Sensor
Finger Sensor
The Finger Sensor is intended for adult fingers and not designed for neonatal or pediatric applications.
To apply the finger sensor to the patient:
1.
Gently squeeze the grips at the rear of the sensor (indicated by arrows below).
Placement Guide
Cable exits above finger
2.
Position fingertip against placement guide with fingernail towards the red light.
Do not position the finger so as to protrude past the placement guide.
3.
Release the finger grips.
4.
Inspect the site often for adequate circulation—at least once every four hours.
5.
To remove sensor, gently squeeze grips and slide the sensor from the finger.
Finger Sensor Quick Check
38
1.
Is SpO2 PROBE OFF PT (patient) displayed when the sensor is connected to the monitor but not applied
to the patient?
2.
Apply the sensor to your index finger. Are reasonable SpO2 and pulse rate values displayed?
3.
A YES to BOTH #1 and #2 indicates the sensor is OK. Apply the sensor to the patient as instructed above.
CO2SMO User’s Manual
Rev. 04
SpO2 Sensors
Y-Sensor
Y-Sensor
The reusable Y-Sensor is a flexible sensor designed for use on any patient.
The Y-Sensor’s Center Strip is not a functional part of the sensor. Its twofold purpose is to aid in the
placement of the sensor into the Y-Strip or other securing system and to limit the distance between the
sensor heads to no more than 25 mm. The center strip may be removed (carefully cut away) if the distance
between the sensor heads needs to be reduced to less than 25 mm.
Sensor Heads
Center Strip
Strip may be removed
Y-Sensor Application using Wrap Style Tapes
1.
Select a Y-Strip based on the patient type and intended sensor location.
Y-Strips come in two color-coded sizes: 25 mm tapes have green liners, and 20 mm tapes have
blue liners. The size refers to the distance between the holes in the tape
Wrap Style Tape
Cat. No. 8829
Cat. No. 8828
25 mm (Green)
20 mm (Blue)
Neonatal Foot, Hand
Neonatal Foot, Hand
Pediatric Toe, Finger
Rev. 04
Finger Style Tape
Cat. No. 8832
Cat. No. 8831
25 mm (Green)
20 mm (Blue)
Adult Finger
Pediatric Finger
Adult Finger
2.
Remove the portion of the release liner containing the holes.
3.
Skip this step if using the 25 mm Y-Strip tape.
If using the 20 mm Y-Strip tape, carefully remove the sensor’s center strip using a pair of scissors or a
sharp blade.
The center strip does not effect sensor operation, its purpose is to aid putting the sensor into the
25 mm tape and to limit the distance between the sensor heads to no greater than 25 mm.
CO2SMO User’s Manual
39
Section 6
Y-Sensor
4.
Press the “button”, on the back of each sensor head, through a hole in the tape.
Press in from the sticky side of the tape. The tape will stretch to fit the sensor button.
Liner this
side (top)
Head
Y-Strip Tape
Cross Section
5.
Button
Remove the remaining release liner(s) and apply the sensor/tape to the patient.
Ensure that the sensor heads are directly opposite each other through the tissue. This prevents
the sensor from being placed on a site too thick (high arch) for proper operation.
Position the sensor so that the tape does not extend over the space between the fingers or toes to
insure there will be no light transmission through this space.
WARNING
Do not wrap the tape around the limb so tightly that circulation is restricted.
Inspect the site often for adequate circulation—at least once every four hours.
Care should be exercised to ensure clinically reasonable alert limit settings are selected. Novametrix
does not recommend the setting of limit values to such a wide span as to effectively render alert limit
feature useless. Once the limit values are properly set, the user should periodically confirm patient
status by alternate means and not rely soley on alerts generated when a limit is violated.
6.
40
To maximize sensor life, secure the sensor to the patient with additional tape.
Leave slack in the wires between the tape and the sensor.
CO2SMO User’s Manual
Rev. 04
SpO2 Sensors
Non-Adhesive Foam Wrap
Adult/Pediatric Finger
Pediatric Toe
Neonatal/Pediatric Foot
Neonatal Hand
7.
Inspect the site often for adequate circulation—at least once every four hours.
Non-Adhesive Foam Wrap
Use the non-adhesive foam wrap with Novametrix SpO2 Y-Sensor’s™ (catalog No. 8793 or 8791).
Select a foam wrap based on the patient type:
•
•
Catalog No. 8836: Large, adult/pediatric finger, neonatal/pediatric foot or hand
Catalog No. 8943: Small, neonatal foot or hand, pediatric toe or finger
To use the non-adhesive foam wrap:
1.
With the blue side of the foam wrap facing up, press the buttons on the back of each Y-sensor head
through the holes in the foam wrap. The wrap will stretch to fit the buttons.
Head
Y-Sensor
Head
Button
Blue Foam
Center Strip
(may be removed)
Cross section
of Sensor head
in the foam wrap
White Fabric
Center strip removed
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Section 6
Non-Adhesive Foam Wrap
NOTE
If using the first and third holes on the foam wrap it may be necessary to cut the middle strip off the Ysensor.
2.
Face the blue side of the wrap toward the skin and wrap around the site (cut excess foam if necessary on
small version). Secure with the Velcro® tab.
WARNING
Do not wrap the tape around the limb so tightly that circulation is restricted.
Inspect the site often for adequate circulation—at least once every four hours.
3.
Ensure the sensor heads are directly opposite each other through the tissue. This prevents the sensor from
being placed on a site too thick for proper operation.
CATALOG NO. 8943 SMALL
Neonatal hand
Neonatal/pediatric foot
Pediatric toe
CATALOG NO. 8836 LARGE
Adult/pediatric finger
Adult toe
4.
Position the sensor so that the foam wrap does not extend over the spaces between the fingers or toes.
This ensures no light transmission through this space.
WARNING
Treat foam wrap in accordance with hospital protocol for single-patient use. Check site regularly to
ensure adequate circulation and proper sensor positioning.
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SpO2 Sensors
Adhesive Foam Wraps
Adhesive Foam Wraps
Adhesive foam wraps are for use when applying the Novametrix Y-Sensor™ (catalog No. 8793 or 8791)
to adult, pediatric or neonatal patients.
Select a foam wrap based on the patient type:
•
•
Catalog No. 6929: Large, adult/pediatric finger, neonatal/pediatric foot or hand
Catalog No. 6968: Small, neonatal foot or hand, pediatric toe or finger
To use the adhesive foam wrap:
1.
With the blue side of the foam wrap facing up, press the buttons on the back of each Y-sensor head
through the holes in the foam wrap. The wrap will stretch to fit the buttons. The white side of foam should
show two blue circles where the buttons were pushed through.
Head
Head
Button
Y-Sensor
Blue foam
Cross section
of sensor head
in the foam wrap
Center strip
(may be removed)
White fabric
Center strip removed
NOTE
If using the first and third holes on the foam wrap it may be necessary to cut the center strip off the Ysensor.
2.
Remove both sides of the release liner.
Peel off paper liner
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Section 6
Adhesive Foam Wraps
3.
Face the blue side of the wrap toward the skin and wrap around the site. If using the neonatal/pediatric
foam wrap, Velcro tab may be removed and replaced to allow excess foam to be cut as necessary. Secure
with the Velcro® tab.
WARNING
Do not wrap around the limb so tightly that circulation is restricted. Inspect the site often, at least once
every four hours, for adequate circulation.
4.
Ensure the sensor heads are directly opposite each other through the tissue. This prevents the sensor from
being placed on a site too thick for proper operation.
CATALOG NO. 6968 NEONATAL/PEDIATRIC
Neonatal hand
Neonatal/pediatric foot
Pediatric toe
CATALOG NO. 6929 LARGE
Adult/pediatric finger
Adult toe
WARNING
Treat foam wrap in accordance with hospital protocol for single-patient use. Check site regularly to
ensure adequate circulation and proper sensor positioning.
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SpO2 Sensors
Y-Sensor Application using Ear Clip
Y-Sensor Application using Ear Clip
1.
Remove center strip from the Y-Sensor.
Sensor Heads
Center Strip (remove)
2.
Slide each Y-Sensor head into the ear clip‘s receptacles, the heads should face each other.
Sensor Head
Sensor cable fits
in groove on clip
Ear Clip Receptacle
Squeeze here to apply
3.
Gently squeeze the end of the ear clip (shown in diagram), and apply the sensor to the patient.
If a satisfactory reading cannot be obtained, rub the site and/or use adhesive dots for better response. The
adhesive dots (PN: 8700-00) included with the ear clips will also help in preventing the ear clip from
falling off (e.g. during exercising).
Adult Ear
Optional placements
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Section 6
Single Patient Use SpO2 Sensors
WARNING
Inspect the site often for adequate circulation—at least once every four hours. When applying sensors
take note of patient’s physiological condition. For example, burn patients may exhibit more sensitivity
to heat and pressure and therefore additional consideration such as more frequent site checks may
be appropriate.
Y-Sensor Quick Check
1.
With the Y-Sensor connected to monitor but not applied to patient, position the sensor heads so that they
face each other (the red light shines at the detector). Is SpO2 PROBE OFF PT (patient) displayed?
2.
Tape the Y-Sensor to your index finger. Does the monitor shows reasonable SpO2 and pulse rate values?
3.
A YES to BOTH #1 and #2 indicates the sensor is OK. Apply the sensor to the patient as instructed above.
Single Patient Use SpO2 Sensors
Intended Use
The Single Patient Use SpO2 sensors (Catalog No. 6480 and 6455) can be used when monitoring adult,
pediatric or neonatal patients with Novametrix Pulse Oximeters (SuperBright series). These sensors are
used with the DB-9 extension cable.
Pediatric/adult
sensor
Neonatal/pediatric
sensor
WARNING
Use the Single Patient Use sensor and DB9 extension cable only with Novametrix SuperBright
compatible pulse oximeters. Use with any other device may result in equipment damage or patient
injury.
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SpO2 Sensors
Single Patient Use SpO2 Sensors
CAUTION
These SpO2 sensors are intended for single patient use. The sensors can be reapplied to various
sites on the same patient but should not be used on multiple patients. Do not attempt to clean or
disinfect the sensor, as system performance will be compromised.
NOTE
The Single Patient Use sensor should be discarded if sensor integrity becomes questionable.
Instructions for Use
1.
Connect the DB-9 extension cable to the rear panel conector on the CO2SMO.
SpO2 Input Connector
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Section 6
Single Patient Use SpO2 Sensors
2.
Press the white connector on the end of the extension cable into the gray connector on the end of the
Single Patient Use sensor. Close the locking clip until it snaps around the sensor cable.
DB-9 Connector
on extension cable
Locking clip
Sensor
Connector
3.
To disconnect the DB-9 extension cable from the sensor, open the locking clip, grasp the connectors and
pull them apart.
To disconnect the DB-9 connector from the CO2SMO, press the latch release lever on the extension
cable connector and pull the connector straight back away from the monitor. DO NOT twist the
connector.
PRESS DOWN ON LATCH RELEASE
THEN PULL OUT
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SpO2 Sensors
Single Patient Use SpO2 Sensors
Sensor Application
4.
Select the appropriate size sensor based on the patient type.
PEDIATRIC/ADULT SENSOR
Adult toe
Adult finger
NEONATAL/PEDIATRIC SENSOR
Neonatal hand
Neonatal foot
Pediatric toe
5.
To apply the sensor, place the blue side of the sensor wrap against the skin, wrap it around the site and
secure with Velcro® tab. If necessary, cut the excess foam from the neonatal/pediatric sensor before
applying the Velcro tab, then reattach the tab and secure the sensor.
Cut excess off
Velcro tab
Neonatal/Pediatric
sensor
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Section 6
Single Patient Use SpO2 Sensors
Ensure that the sensor heads are positioned directly opposite each other through the tissue. The adhesive
dots (Catalog No. 8700) which are included with each sensor can be applied to the sensor before patient
application for additional adhesion to the site.
6.
For additional support, secure the cable along the limb with tape.
WARNING
Do not wrap the sensor around the limb so tightly that circulation is restricted. Inspect the site often,
at least every four hours, for adequate circulation. When applying sensors take note of patient’s
physiological condition. For example, burn patients may exhibit more sensitivity to heat and
pressure and therefore additional consideration such as more frequent site checks may be
appropriate.
Single Patient Use SpO2 Sensor Quick Check
1.
With the sensor connected to monitor but not applied to the patient, position the sensor heads so that they
face each other (the red light shines at the detector). Is “PROBE OFF PATIENT” displayed?
2.
Secure the sensor on your index finger. Does the monitor show reasonable SpO2 and pulse rate values?
3.
A YES to BOTH #1 and #2 indicates that the sensor is OK. Apply the sensor to the patient as instructed
above.
This quick check also tests the functionality of the extension cable.
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Section 7
Monitoring SpO2 and Pulse Rate
Once an SpO2 sensor is connected to the monitor and properly applied to the patient, CO2SMO displays
SpO2, Pulse Rate, a plethysmographic waveform and a SIGNAL bar that gives a qualitative indication of
the strength of the pulsatile signal the monitor is receiving (If necessary, press
to display the
plethysmogram and signal bar).
SpO2 Display Averaging
The Oxygen Saturation value is determined in part by the user selected SpO 2 display averaging.
Averaging affects only the numerical display and not the plethysmogram.
A short averaging time provides faster response to changing patient conditions while a longer averaging
time helps eliminate the interference from motion or other artifact.
With two-second (2s) averaging, displayed SpO2 is based on the two most recent seconds of collected
saturation data. With eight-second (8s) averaging, displayed SpO2 is based on the eight most recent
seconds of saturation data. All data collected within the sliding 2 or 8 second time period is averaged; the
result is displayed as SpO2.
To change the SpO2 display averaging:
1.
Press the MENU key. CO2 OPTIONS appears.
2.
Press the NEXT key. SYSTEM MENU OPTIONS appears.
3.
Press the AVG (averaging) key. AVERAGING SELECTIONS appears.
4.
Press the SpO2 key. SELECT SpO2 AVERAGING appears.
The currently selected averaging time flashes.
5.
Press 2s (two second) or 8s (eight second) averaging.
AVERAGING SELECTIONS reappears.
6.
Press RUN to return to the Main Menu.
Pulse Rate Display Averaging
Pulse Rate is determined by a fixed eight second averaging period.
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Section 7
Pulse “Beep” Volume
Pulse “Beep” Volume
CO2SMO is equipped with an audible pulse beep feature that allows the user to “hear” changes in the
patient’s SpO2 and pulse rate. An audible “beep” occurs with each detected pulse beat. The time between
beeps indicates the pulse rate.
The pitch of the beep varies with the SpO2 value. The highest pitched tone sounds while the SpO2 value
is greater or equal to the SpO2 High Alert limit setting minus 3 percent. The beep’s pitch decreases with
each one digit drop in SpO2 below that level. There are thirty-two different tones. If the SpO2 value drops
more than 32 percent below the SpO2 high alert limit setting, the beep remains at the lowest pitched level.
To vary the pulse beep volume:
1.
Press the MENU key. CO2 OPTIONS appears.
2.
Press the NEXT key. SYSTEM OPTIONS appears.
3.
Press the AUDIO softkey. SET AUDIO FEATURES appears.
4.
Press the PULSE key. SET PULSE VOLUME appears.
The current pulse volume setting (0-7) is displayed between the up and down arrows. A setting of 0 turns
off the pulse beep feature.
5.
Press ↑ or ↓ to increase or decrease the pulse volume setting.
6.
Press RUN to return to the Main Menu.
Signal Bar
The SIGNAL bar reflects the pulsatile signal strength detected by the SpO2 sensor. Strong pulsatile signals
produce a tall SIGNAL bar, while weak pulsatile signals produce a correspondingly shorter bar. Typical
signals are 25-75% of the signal bar height. The SIGNAL bar is shown only in the Plethysmogram display,
not in dual waveform mode (If necessary, press
to display the plethysmogram and signal bar).
Plethysmogram Display
CO2SMO displays a plethysmogram—a representation of the pulsatile waveform as detected by the SpO2
sensor (If necessary, press
to display the plethysmogram and signal bar). The display is continually
updated from left to right. The monitor automatically adjusts the vertical size of the plethysmogram to
best fit the display area—maximizing viewability of the waveform. However, this means the waveform
gives no indication of pulsitile signal magnitude (Refer to the Signal Bar).
Waveform Autosize
The Waveform Autosize feature can be turned off if the user wants the plethysmogram magnitude to
reflect detected signal strength.
NOTE
If the plethysmogram is displayed and Plethysmogram Autosize is set to OFF, a SIZE key is
displayed in the Main Menu.
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Monitoring SpO2 and Pulse Rate
SpO2 Timers
To turn the Plethysmogram Autosize feature on or off:
1.
Press and hold the MENU key for 3-seconds. CO2 SETUP OPTIONS appears.
2.
Press the NEXT key. SpO2 SETUP OPTIONS appears.
3.
Press the SIZE key. PLETH AUTOSIZE appears.
The current setting flashes.
4.
Press ON or OFF as desired. SPO2 SETUP OPTIONS reappears.
ON allows continual automatic adjustment of the magnitude of the plethysmogram. OFF allows the user
to lock plethysmogram’s vertical scaling—making the waveform magnitude reflect relative signal
strength.
5.
Press RUN to return to the Main Menu.
Using the SIZE softkey
With the plethysmogram displayed and Plethysmogram Autosize turned off, a SIZE key appears in the
Main Menu. During the first thirty seconds after the SpO2 sensor is applied to the patient, the monitor
adjusts the vertical size of the plethysmogram to best fit the display area.
The monitor then “locks” the vertical scaling of the plethysmogram so that subsequent changes in the
magnitude of the pulsatile signal cause the plethysmogram to grow smaller or larger—and provide an
indication of changes in pulsatile signal strength relative to the “lock” point.
The “lock” point is indicated on the Signal Bar by dots on either side of the bar. Once locked, stronger
or weaker signals will still cause the Signal Bar to grow or shrink, but the dots marking the lock point
remain in place. These lock points remain fixed until the user presses SIZE and a new lock point is
determined.
If the magnitude of the patient’s pulsatile signal strength changes to the point where the plethysmogram
is too small or too large to be of practical value, press the SIZE key. The monitor will “unlock” the vertical
scaling and Signal Bar lock point, display RESIZING PLETH and allow five seconds for the display to
reach an optimal display size, then “re-lock” the Signal Bar and plethysmogram display‘s vertical scale.
SpO2 Timers
CO2SMO ensures that only valid pulsatile signals are processed. Bad or invalid data causes alerts to occur.
These alerts are accomplished with the use of SpO2 Timers including the Display Held Timer, the Special
Alert Delay, and the Bad Signal Timer.
Display Held Timer
The Display Held Timer activates if the monitor cannot detect a regular and rhythmic pulsatile signal for
periods longer than 10 seconds. While the Display Held Timer is active, NO SAT UPDATE is displayed
in the Message Center, and SpO2 and Pulse Rate displays are not updated—the last valid values are
“Held”. The timer display indicates how “old” the displayed SpO2 and Pulse Rate information is.
The Display Held Timer can be activated by:
•
•
•
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excessive motion
improper sensor placement (INSUFFICIENT LIGHT or PROBE OFF PATIENT messages)
electrosurgical interference
CO2SMO User’s Manual
53
Section 7
SpO2 Timers
•
•
ambient Light Interference
Low (pulsatile) Signal Strength
The SpO2 and Pulse Rate displays blank out and display “- - -” if the duration of the invalid data exceeds
the Special Alert Delay setting. Once started, the Display Held Timer remains active for as long as invalid
data is received from the sensor (After 99 seconds the timer display remains at 99).
The Display Held Timer is reset to zero seconds and the timer message disappears as soon as a regular
and rhythmic pulsatile signal is detected.
The timer display message can be disabled by the user if desired. In this case, the timer display will not
appear but the SpO2 and Pulse Rate displays will still blank out if the Special Alert Delay is exceeded.
NOTE
The Display Held Timer is set by the factory defaults to Off. The Display Held Timer affects all Timer
Displays. See “Special Alert Delay” on page 54 and “Bad Signal Timer” on page 55.
To determine or alter the current setting of the Display Held Timer display:
1.
Press and hold the MENU key for 3-seconds. CO2 SETUP OPTIONS appears.
2.
Press the NEXT key. SPO2 SETUP OPTIONS appears.
3.
Press the NEXT key. SPO2 TIMERS appears.
4.
Press the HELD key. DISPLAY HELD TIMER appears.
The current setting flashes.
5.
Press ON or OFF as desired. SPO2 TIMERS reappears.
ON allows the timer to be displayed in the Message Center.
OFF prevents the timer from being displayed.
6.
Press RUN to return to the Main Menu.
Special Alert Delay
The Special Alert Delay alert feature allows the user to adjust the time interval between the occurrence
of “special” conditions and the activation of audible and visible alerts.
Special alerts include Low Signal Strength, Light Interference and Insufficient Light. These conditions
are usually transitory in nature and allowing the user to vary the delay before alarm activation helps to
avoid “nuisance” alarms while still alerting the user to a persistent condition.
An alert message is displayed as soon as a special alert occurs and if the duration of the special alert
exceeds the Special Alert Delay setting, the SpO2 and Pulse Rate displays will blank out and display “- -”, the
indicator starts to flash and the audible alarm will sound (unless disabled by the user).
The Special Alert Delay also controls the blanking of the SpO2 and Pulse Rate displays during a NO SAT
UPDATE event. Refer to Display Held Timer.
To determine or alter the current setting of the Special Alert Delay:
54
1.
Press and hold the MENU key for 3-seconds. CO2 SETUP OPTIONS appears.
2.
Press the NEXT key. SPO2 SETUP OPTIONS appears.
3.
Press the NEXT key. SPO2 TIMERS appears.
4.
Press the SPEC (special) key. SPECIAL ALERT DELAY appears.
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Monitoring SpO2 and Pulse Rate
SpO2 Timers
The current setting flashes.
5.
Press 30s, 45s, 60s or 90s (seconds) as desired. SPO2 TIMERS reappears.
6.
Press RUN to return to the Main Menu.
Bad Signal Timer
The Bad Signal Timer feature provides audible (unless disabled by the user) and visible alerts in the event
the monitor does not receive valid pulse and saturation data from the sensor (i.e., a regular and rhythmic
pulsatile signal) for an extended period of time. Typically, conditions such as continuous excessive
motion, cardiac arrhythmia, or other physiologic conditions providing extremely poor plethysmogram
signals, will cause the BAD SIGNAL TIMEOUT message and alerts to activate.
The timer has selectable delay times of 0, 15, 30, or 60 seconds from the monitor’s initial detection of
the bad signal, to activation of the alerts.*
The Bad Signal Timer feature works in conjunction with the Display Held Timer and Special Alert Delay.
For example:
•
•
•
•
If the monitor detected and continued to receive bad signals from the sensor (due to excessive
motion, etc.), the Display Held Timer would display (if enabled) at 10 seconds. It would continue
to count up until it reached the Special Alert Delay setting. At this point the monitor’s saturation
and pulse rate display values would blank out and display “- - -”. The signal bar and
plethysmogram will remain visible, allowing evaluation of the patient pulsatile signal.
Providing the monitor is still receiving bad signals from the sensor, the timer display continues to
count up to 99 seconds—after which it remains at 99. Once the user selected (0, 15, 30, or 60
seconds) bad signal delay has elapsed from the time the displays have blanked, the message SPO2
BAD SIGNAL is displayed and the monitor’s audible and visible alerts will activate (providing they
have not been previously disabled by the user). The signal bar and plethysmogram will remain
visible, allowing evaluation of the patient pulsatile signal.
This alert condition will remain active until CO2SMO again starts to receive valid plethysmogram
data from the sensor—at which point the saturation and pulse rate displays will re-enable, the error
message will disappear and the audible and visible alerts will stop.
If, at any time before the SPO2 BAD SIGNAL message appears, the monitor receives good signals,
the timers are reset and no alerts occur.
To determine or alter the current setting of the Bad Signal Timer:
1.
Press and hold the MENU key for 3-seconds. CO2 SETUP OPTIONS appears.
2.
Press the NEXT key. SPO2 SETUP OPTIONS appears.
3.
Press the NEXT key. SPO2 TIMERS appears.
4.
Press the BAD key. and ALERT ON BAD SIGNAL appears.
The current setting flashes.
5.
Press 0s, 15s, 30s, 60s as desired. SPO2 TIMERS reappears.
0s for no delay.
15s for 15 second delay.
30s for 30 second delay.
60s for 60 second delay.
6.
Press RUN to return to the Main Menu.
*Note, however, that other alerts (Low Signal Strength, Light Interference, Insufficient Light, Probe Off Patient, etc.) may
activate prior to the SPO2 BAD SIGNAL. These alerts also serve to notify the user that a potentially adverse situation exists.
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Section 7
IABP Mode
IABP Mode
CO2SMO uses advanced signal processing algorithms to distinguish valid pulsatile signals from signals
generated by motion or other artifact. Motion artifact, very common in all but heavily sedated patients, can
swamp the true pulsatile signal or distort it enough to produce significant errors in the SpO2 and Pulse Rate
calculations. CO2SMO’s Validator algorithms reject distorted plethysmographic signals or those that lack
a regular rhythmic pattern. Therefore, only valid (i.e., pulsatile) signals are allowed to affect the monitor’s
SpO2 and Pulse Rate calculations. Unfortunately, rare conditions exist where the pulsatile waveform truly
is distorted and lacks a fixed rhythm—specifically during use of an Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump (IABP).
During IABP procedures the pulsatile signal can be massively distorted without affecting the patient’s
SpO2. In order to accommodate these IABP procedures (without compromising CO2SMO’s superior
artifact rejection algorithm) IABP Mode is available. IABP Mode allows the user to turn off the Validator
algorithm so that all pulsatile data, including the normally rejected artifact generated by the IABP, are
allowed to influence the SpO2 and Pulse Rate calculations.
WARNING
With IABP Mode turned on, the clinician must exercise prudence in assessing the validity of the SpO2
and Pulse Rate displays because any motion or other artifact—not just that associated with the IABP—
can have a significant affect on the SpO2 and Pulse Rate calculations.
While in IABP Mode, the displayed Pulse Rate reflects true pulsatile signal—heart rate plus the IABP
ratio (Example #1: heart rate = 120 bpm, IABP ratio = 1:1, then displayed Pulse Rate should be
120+(120/1)=240 beats/min. Example #2: heart rate = 120 bpm, IABP ratio = 1:3, then displayed Pulse
Rate should be 120+(120/3)=160 beats/min.). Since while in IABP Mode the pulse rate display will be
affected by motion or other artifact, the accuracy of the Pulse Rate display can usually be used as an
indicator of the quality of the SpO2 display.)
Making IABP Mode Available
Before the clinician can use IABP Mode, the mode must be made available to the Main Menu (The
monitor’s factory default settings do not allow use of IABP Mode). Once IABP Mode is available to the
Main Menu, a softkey labelled IABP appears in the AVERAGING SELECTIONS menu.
To allow IABP Mode to be selected from the Main Menu system:
1.
Press and hold the MENU key for 3-seconds. CO2 SETUP OPTIONS appears.
2.
Press the NEXT key. SPO2 SETUP OPTIONS appears.
3.
Press the IABP key. IABP MODE AVAILABLE ? appears.
The current setting flashes.
4.
Press YES or NO as desired.
YES. An IABP softkey appears in the AVERAGING SELECTIONS menu.
NO. IABP Mode cannot be activated from the Main Menu.
NOTE
Once the decision on IABP Mode Main Menu availability is made, that choice will remain in effect, even
if the monitor is turned off and on, until changed by the user.
5.
56
SPO2 SETUP OPTIONS reappears. Press RUN to return to the Main Menu.
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Monitoring SpO2 and Pulse Rate
IABP Mode
Turning IABP Mode On/Off
Once IABP Mode is made available to the Main Menu (refer to the previous section) IABP Mode can be
turned on or off as desired.
To turn IABP MODE on or off:
1.
Press the MENU key. CO2 OPTIONS appears.
2.
Press the NEXT key. SYSTEM OPTIONS appears.
3.
Press the AVG (averaging) key. AVERAGING SELECTIONS appears.
4.
Press the IABP key. SELECT IABP MODE appears.
The current setting flashes.
5.
Press ON or OFF as desired.
ON. IABP Mode is turned on. The message IABP appears below the pulse rate display.
OFF. IABP Mode is turned off.
NOTE
While availability of IABP Mode to the Main Menu is retained in memory and restored each time the
monitor is turned on, CO 2 SMO always powers up with IABP Mode turned off. The user must
intentionally select IABP Mode from the AVERAGING SELECTIONS menu.
6.
AVERAGING SELECTIONS reappears. Press RUN to return to the Main Menu.
Using IABP Mode
When IABP Mode is turned on, the message “IABP” appears below the pulse rate display.
WARNING
With IABP Mode turned on, the clinician must exercise prudence in assessing the validity of the SpO2
and Pulse Rate displays because any motion or other artifact—not just that associated with the IABP—
can have a significant affect on the SpO2 and Pulse Rate calculations.
While in IABP Mode, the displayed Pulse Rate reflects true pulsatile signal—heart rate plus the IABP
ratio (Example #1: heart rate = 120 bpm, IABP ratio = 1:1, then displayed Pulse Rate should be
120+(120/1)=240 beats/min. Example #2: heart rate = 120 bpm, IABP ratio = 1:3, then displayed Pulse
Rate should be 120+(120/3)=160 beats/min.). Since while in IABP Mode the pulse rate display will be
affected by motion or other artifact, the accuracy of the Pulse Rate display can usually be used as an
indicator of the quality of the SpO2 display.)
Even if IABP Mode is on, VERY poor sensor signals activate the Display Held Timer (if enabled).
SpO2 limit alerts function as usual while IABP Mode is turned on. Pulse Rate limits also function as usual
while IABP Mode is turned on.
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Section 7
IABP Mode
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Section 8
Alerts
Overview
CO2SMO provides several alert options.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Alert limits can be adjusted automatically with the Auto Alerts feature or manually from within
the menu system.
Limit alerts require user action to be reset; they can also be configured to automatically reset.
Alert limit settings are retained in memory and restored each time the monitor is turned on; the
monitor can also be set to power up each time using default settings.
Audible alerts are delayed 10 seconds from the occurrence of a limit alert; the delay can also be
eliminated to allow instant activation.
Audible alert volume can be adjusted.
Audible alerts can be temporarily silenced for two minutes.
Audible alerts can be suppressed altogether via the Audio Off feature. Furthermore, the Audio Off
feature can itself be disabled for use in situations where suppressing audible alerts is undesired.
The Alert Bar stops flashing automatically if the parameter that caused a limit alert returns within
its limits or, the Alert Bar can instead be set to continue flashing until the user presses the
key
or, the Alert Bar can be turned off altogether.
Limit Alerts
CO2SMO provides audible and visible limit alerts for ETCO2, Respiratory Rate, SpO2 and Pulse Rate.
Each parameter has separate alert limits.
Limit Alerts are audible and visible signals generated by the CO2SMO in response to parameter values
that violate the Alert Limits.
Alert Limits are the maximum and minimum allowable values for each parameter.
CAUTION
The Limit Alert functions described below assume that the CO2SMO is using factory default alert
parameters. You may experience other results if you are not using the default settings. Refer especially
to “Limit Alerts—Delayed/Instant” on page 65.
If ETCO2, Respiratory Rate, SpO2 or Pulse Rate violates an alert limit setting:
•
Rev. 04
The red
(bell-shaped) indicator next to the
key starts to flash.
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59
Section 8
Auto Alert Limits
•
An or (up or down arrow) indicator starts to flash beside the violated parameter’s display.
The arrow direction indicates a High or Low Limit Alert.
Low SpO2
Indicator
If the parameter returns within its limits before 10 seconds elapse the
flashing.
and
or
indicators stop
If the limit alert lasts for longer than 10 second:
•
•
•
An audible alarm will sound
The Alert Bar to the right of the display starts to flash
The violated limit becomes latched
If the parameter returns within limits after 10 seconds of continual alerting:
•
•
•
The audible alarm will turn off
The Alert Bar will stop flashing
The
and or indicators continue to flash until the user presses the
user to determine which limit was violated).
key (this allows the
Auto Alert Limits
Auto Alerts allow bracketing of the alert limits based on recent patient data.
To set Auto Alert Limits:
ALRT key. SET ALERT LIMITS appears.
1.
Press the
2.
Press the AUTO softkey. CO2SMO sets the alert limits automatically.
One of the following messages will be briefly displayed.
•
•
•
•
60
AUTO LIMITS SET. The ETCO2, resp. rate, SpO2 and pulse rate alert limits have successfully been
set to reflect current patient status.
NOT ENOUGH DATA TO SET ETCO2 LIMITS. SpO2 and Pulse Rate alert limits have successfully
been set to reflect current patient status, but ETCO2 and Resp. Rate alert limits have not been
changed. Ensure the Capnostat is connected to the airway circuit and at least three breaths have
been recorded, then press AUTO again.
NOT ENOUGH DATA TO SET SpO2 LIMITS. ETCO2 and Resp. Rate alert limits have successfully
been set to reflect current patient status, but SpO2 and Pulse Rate alert limits have not been
changed. Ensure the SpO2 sensor is correctly applied to the patient and SpO2 and pulse rate values
are being displayed, then press AUTO again.
NOT ENOUGH DATA TO SET ETCO2 AND SpO2 LIMITS. Both ETCO2 and SpO2 alert limits
have not been changed. Ensure the Capnostat is connected to the airway circuit and at least three
breaths have been recorded, also the SpO2 sensor is correctly applied to the patient and SpO2 and
pulse rate values are being displayed. Then press AUTO again.
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Alerts
Auto Alert Limits
WARNING
Once the limit values are set, the user should periodically confirm patient status by alternate means
and not rely solely on alerts generated when a limit is violated.
3.
SET ALERT LIMITS reappears. Press RUN to return to the Main Menu.
ETCO2 Auto Alert Limits
The ETCO2 auto alert limits are derived from the average of the three most recent ETCO2 values
recorded before AUTO was selected. The average then falls into one of two ranges that define the high
and low limits. Those ranges are:
ETCO2
AverageA
1 - 40 mmHg
> 40 mmHg
High
Limit
+ 25% of value
+ 10 mmHg
Low
Limit
- 25% of value
- 10 mmHg
A.If ETCO2 is displayePa or percent (not mmHg), the limits are based on
the equivalent of mmHg.
For example, if the average of the three most recent ETCO2 values recorded before AUTO was pushed
was 32 mmHg, the upper alert limit is set to 40 (32 + 25% = 32 × 1.25 = 40) and the lower alert limit is
set to 24 (32 - 25% = 32 × 0.75 = 24). If the average ETCO2 value was 45 mmHg, the upper limit would
be set to 55 (45 + 10 = 55) and the lower limit would be set to 35 (45 - 10 = 35).
Respiratory Rate Auto Alert Limits
The respiratory rate auto alert limits are derived from the average of the three most recent respiratory rate
values recorded before AUTO was selected. The average then falls into one of three ranges that define the
high and low limits. Those ranges are:
Respiration
Rate Average
1 - 15
16 - 40
> 40
High
Limit
+ 7 br/min
+ 10 br/min
+ 15 br/min
Low
Limit
- 50% of value
- 7 br/min
- 10 br/min
For example, if the average of the three most recent respiration rate values recorded before AUTO was
pushed was 28 br/min, the upper alert limit is set to 38 (28 + 10 = 38) and the lower alert limit is set to
21 (28 - 7 = 21). If the average respiratory rate is 12 br/min, the upper limit would be set to 19 (12 + 7 =
19) and the lower limit would be set to 6 (12 - 50% = 12 × 0.50 = 6).
SpO2 Auto Alert Limits
The SpO2 high auto alert limit is set to 5 more than the SpO2 value displayed when the AUTO was pressed
(maximum setting =100). The low auto alert limit is set to 5 less than the SpO 2 value displayed when
AUTO was pressed. (minimum setting = 50).
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Section 8
Setting Alert Limits Manually
For example, if the SpO2=98% when AUTO is pushed, the system will set the upper alert limit to 100
(98+5=103 with max of 100) and the lower alert limit to 93 (98-5=93).
Pulse Rate Auto Alert Limits
The pulse rate high auto alert limit is set at 25% more than, and the low auto alert limit is 25% less than,
the pulse rate value that was displayed before AUTO was selected (maximum = 249 and minimum = 30).
For example, if the pulse rate=72 when AUTO is pushed, the system will set the upper alert limit to 90
(72+25%=72×1.25=90) and the lower alert to 54 (72-25%= 72×0.75=54).
Setting Alert Limits Manually
The user can manually adjust alert limits.
CAUTION
Care should be exercised to ensure clinically reasonable alert limit settings are selected. Novametrix
does not recommend the setting of limit values to such a wide span as to effectively render the alert
limit feature useless. Once the limit values are properly set, the user should periodically confirm
patient status by alternate means and not rely solely on alerts generated when a limit is violated.
Alert limit adjustment ranges are:
•
•
•
•
•
•
ETCO2 - High 100-5, Low 95-0
Respiratory Rate - High 150-5, Low 145-0
Respiratory Rate alerts can be turned off by setting the High limit above 150 or the Low limit
below 0. If the Respiratory Rate limits are off, the limits display OFF and no Respiratory Rate limit
alerts are generated.
SpO2 - High 100-55, Low 95-50
Pulse Rate - High 249-35, Low 244-30
Pulse Rate alerts can be turned off by setting High limit above 249 or the Low limit below 30. If
the Pulse Rate limits are off, the limits display OFF and no Pulse Rate limit alerts are generated.
To manually set the alert limits:
62
1.
Press the ALRT key. SET ALERT LIMITS appears.
2.
Press SEL (select) to move “ “ to the limit to be changed.
3.
Press ↑ or ↓ to increase or decrease the selected limit.
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Alerts
Alert Volume
Press and release the arrow keys to change the limit value up or down by one.
Press and hold the arrow keys to make the value change more rapidly.
NOTE
CO2SMO will not allow a parameter’s high and low alert limits to be set to within 5 digits of each other.
For example, using default values, if the lower Respiratory Rate limit is increased to 116, the upper
limit will change from 120 to 121 in order to maintain the 5 digit difference between limits.
4.
Once all limits are set as desired, press RUN.
Alert Volume
The volume of the monitor’s audible alert is user adjustable. The alert volume feature cannot be used to
eliminate audible alerts because the alert is still audible at its lowest setting. Use the Two Minute Silence
or Audio features to silence audible alerts. See “AUDIO Key” on page 7.
To vary the audible alert volume:
1.
Press the MENU key. CO2 OPTIONS appears.
2.
Press the NEXT key. SYSTEM OPTIONS appears.
3.
Press the AUDIO softkey. SET AUDIO FEATURES appears.
4.
Press the ALRT key. ALERT VOLUME appears.
An audible tone sounds and the current alert volume setting (1-7) is displayed between the up and down
arrows.
5.
Press ↑ or ↓ to increase or decrease the alert volume setting.
6.
Press RUN to return to the Main Menu.
Audio Mute
In situations where preventing the occurrence of audible alarms by use of the Audio Off feature is not
desired, the monitor can be set to disallow use of Audio Off.
Once the monitor is set to disallow use of Audio Off, AUDIO OFF DISABLED is briefly displayed in the
Message Center each time the user tries to enable Audio Off.
NOTE
Unlike Audio Off, the Two Minute Silence feature, which temporarily silences the audible alarms for
two minutes and then reactivates them, is a separate feature and is not affected by the status of Audio
Mute feature.
To enable or disable the monitor’s ability to permanently silence the audible alarms:
Rev. 04
1.
Press and hold the MENU key for 3-seconds. CO2 SETUP OPTIONS is displayed.
2.
Repeatedly press the NEXT key until ALERT OPTIONS 1 appears.
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Section 8
Limit Alerts—Latched/Unlatched
3.
Press MUTE and ALLOW AUDIO OFF appears.
The current setting flashes.
4.
Press YES or NO as desired.
YES. The user can use Audio Off to permanently silence audible alerts.
NO. The user cannot use Audio Off. AUDIO OFF DISABLED is displayed instead.
NOTE
Once the decision to allow or disallow the user to use Audio Off is made, that choice remains in effect,
even if the monitor is turned off and on, until changed by the user.
5.
ALERT OPTIONS 1 reappears. Press RUN to return to the Main Menu.
Limit Alerts—Latched/Unlatched
Alerts caused by parameters violating alert limit settings are normally “Latched”. Once a latched alert is
active for 10 seconds, even if the parameter then returns within its limits, the or indicator and the
indicator continue to flash until the user presses the
key. This indicates which parameter caused
the alert.
CO2SMO also supports “Unlatched” alerts that automatically stop the flashing of the
or and
indicators as soon as the alerting parameter returns within its limits. The user does not have to press the
key when unlatched alerts are in use.
To select Latched or Unlatched alerts:
1.
Press and hold the MENU key for 3-seconds. CO2 SETUP OPTIONS is displayed.
2.
Repeatedly press the NEXT key until ALERT OPTIONS 1 appears.
3.
Press LATCH and ALERTS LATCHED appears.
The current setting flashes.
4.
Press YES or NO as desired.
YES provides latched alerts that require the user to press the
key to clear them.
NO provides unlatched alerts that reset automatically without user intervention.
NOTE
Once the choice of Latched or Unlatched alerts is made, that choice will remain in effect, even if the
monitor is turned off and on, until changed by the user.
5.
ALERT OPTIONS 1 reappears. Press RUN to return to the Main Menu.
Alert Limit Settings—Retained/Defaults
When CO2SMO is turned on, it restores the (Retained) alert limit settings that were in effect when the
monitor was last turned off. However, the monitor can be configured to use its default alert limit values
at each power up instead.
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Alerts
Limit Alerts—Delayed/Instant
To use Retained or Default alert limit settings at power up:
1.
Press and hold the MENU key for 3-seconds. CO2 SETUP OPTIONS is displayed.
2.
Repeatedly press the NEXT key until ALERT OPTIONS 1 appears.
3.
Press DFLT (default) and RETAIN ALERT LIMITS appears.
The current setting flashes.
4.
Press YES or NO as desired.
YES. CO2SMO powers up using the alert limit settings from the previous use.
NO. At power up, uses default alert limits: ETCO2 55-25, Respiratory Rate 120-5, SpO2 100-85, and
Pulse Rate 150-40.
NOTE
Once the choice of Retained or Default alert limit settings is made, that choice will remain in effect,
even if the monitor is turned off and on, until changed by the user.
5.
ALERT OPTIONS 1 reappears. Press RUN to return to the Main Menu.
Limit Alerts—Delayed/Instant
When a parameter violates an alert limit, the or limit display and the
indicator start to flash
immediately, but the audible alarm and Alert Bar (if enabled) are delayed 10 seconds. This delay helps
avoid “nuisance” alarms because if during that first ten seconds the parameter returns within its limits,
the alert is cancelled.
The 10 second audible and Alert Bar delay can be eliminated if the user desires the monitor activate
audible and Alert Bar alerts as soon as an alert limit is violated. Eliminating the delay also has the effect
of latching the alert as soon as it occurs. See “Limit Alerts—Latched/Unlatched” on page 64.
To select or eliminate the 10 second audible and Alert Bar delay for limit alerts:
1.
Press and hold the MENU key for 3-seconds. CO2 SETUP OPTIONS is displayed.
2.
Repeatedly press the NEXT key until ALERT OPTIONS 2 appears.
3.
Press DELAY and 10 SEC LIMIT ALERT DELAY appears.
The current setting flashes.
4.
Press YES or NO as desired.
YES. Audible and Alert Bar alerts for violated alert limits are delayed 10 seconds.
NO. Audible and Alert Bar alerts occur as soon as an alert limit is violated.
CAUTION
Once the Alert Delay setting is selected, that choice remains in effect, even if the monitor is turned off
and on, until changed by the user.
5.
Rev. 04
ALERT OPTIONS 2 reappears. Press RUN to return to the Main Menu.
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Section 8
Alert Bar—Latched/Unlatched/Off
Alert Bar—Latched/Unlatched/Off
The Alert Bar to the right of the monitor display can be set to operate in three different modes. The Alert
Bar can be Latched, Unlatched, or turned off altogether.
A “Latched” Alert Bar starts to flash as soon as a limit alert occurs. If the alerting parameter returns
within its limits before 10 seconds elapse, the Alert Bar turns off. If the alert condition lasts for more than
10 seconds, the flashing Alert Bar becomes “latched” and will continue to flash, even if the alerting
parameter returns within its limits, until the user presses the
key.*
An “Unlatched” Alert Bar starts flashing 10 seconds after an alert limit violation occurs and turns off as
soon as the alerting parameter returns within its limits, regardless of the duration of the alert.
The Alert Bar will not flash under any condition if it has been turned “Off”.
NOTE
The red
(bell shaped) indicator to the left of the
occurs. Unlike the Alert Bar,
cannot be turned off.
key will always flash whenever a limit alert
To turn the Alert Bar on (latched or unlatched) or off:
1.
Press and hold the MENU key for 3-seconds. CO2 SETUP OPTIONS is displayed.
2.
Repeatedly press the NEXT key until ALERT OPTIONS 2 appears.
3.
Press BAR and ALERT BAR LATCHED appears.
The current setting flashes.
4.
Press YES or NO or OFF as desired.
YES. Alert Bar starts to flash as soon as a limit alert occurs.
NO. Alert Bar starts flashing 10 seconds after an alert limit violation occurs.
OFF. Alert Bar will not flash under any condition.
NOTE
Once the Alert Bar setting is selected, that choice remains in effect, even if the monitor is turned off
and on, until changed by the user.
5.
ALERT OPTIONS 2 reappears. Press RUN to return to the Main Menu.
*However, if Unlatched Alerts are selected (See “Limit Alerts—Latched/Unlatched” on page 64), the Alert Bar will turn off
once the alerting parameter returns within its limits.
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Section 9
Trend Memory Display
Overview
CO2SMO maintains trend information for ETCO 2, Respiratory Rate, SpO 2 and Pulse Rate. Trend
memory is continually and automatically updated. Trend memory can hold up to 24 hours of data. The
data is battery-backed, so turning the monitor off and on does not destroy or erase trend memory contents.
Trend memory features include:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Graphical trend memory displays are user selectable. Any 12 hour, 8 hour, 2 hour, or 30 minute
portion of trend data can be viewed on-screen in graphical format.
ETCO2 only, ETCO2 and Respiratory Rate, SpO2 only, and, SpO2 and Pulse Rate graphical
displays are available.
Graphical display scales are user selectable.
Histogram trend memory displays are user selectable. Any 12 hour, 8 hour, 2 hour, or 30 minute
portion of trend data can be viewed on-screen in histogram format.
User selected “Events” can be marked and stored in trend memory. These events appear on-screen
when viewing the graphical trend displays.
Trend memory data in graphical and histogram formats can be output to a printer.
The user can erase stored trend memory at any time via the trend menus.
NOTE
CO2SMO continues patient monitoring while trends are displayed. Any latched alert that occurs while
viewing trend data causes the Main Menu to reappear. Also, if no keys are pressed for 5 minutes, the
Main Menu replaces the trend display.
Graphical Trend Display
To display trend memory:
1.
Press the TRND key. DRAWING TREND PLEASE WAIT is briefly displayed.
The most recent 12 hours of ETCO2 or SpO2 data is then graphically displayed.
NOTE
If the capnogram or dual waveform is displayed when TRND is pressed, an ETCO2 trend is drawn: If the
plethysmogram waveform is displayed, an SpO2 trend is drawn.
Press the
displays.
Rev. 04
key to switch between ETCO2 (and respiratory rate) and SpO2 (and pulse rate) trend
CO2SMO User’s Manual
67
Section 9
Graphical Trend Display
•
•
•
•
New trend data is continually collected. The display is redrawn each time you (exit and) enter
the trend display mode. New data enters the graph from the right—pushing older already
displayed data towards the left (If less than 12 hours of data have been collected, the graph will
be shortened accordingly).
Dotted vertical lines indicate times when the monitor was turned off.
The flashing dashed vertical line in the trend is called the cursor.
1a. Press the <- (arrow left) key to move the cursor towards older data.
1b. Press the -> (arrow right) key to move the cursor towards more recent data.
Information displayed in the status line above the graph is specific to the data at the cursor
location. The status line includes the following information:
The date and time the data at the cursor was stored in trend memory. The time is stored in 24 hour
format. (e.g., 13:30:00 = 1:30 p.m.)
For an ETCO2 trend: the ETCO2 (E), Inspired CO2 (I), and Respiratory Rate (R) values at the time
the data was stored.
For an SpO2 trend: the SpO2 (S) and Pulse Rate (P) values at the time the data was stored.
If a trend “Event” was marked at the time indicated by the cursor, an “ E” appears in the right
corner of the status line. This space is blank if no event was marked.
2.
Move the cursor by pressing the <- or -> (arrow keys) to the desired time.
3.
Press the EXPAND softkey.
Successive presses of the EXPAND key cause the 8 hour, 2 hour and 30 minute trends to be displayed.
Press EXPAND again to return to the 12 hour trend display.
4.
Use the arrow keys to fine tune the cursor to the desired location in the trend.
5.
Press the RUN key to return to the Main Menu.
Dual Trend Displays
When the TRND key is pushed, the ETCO2 data is displayed if the Capnogram or dual waveform display
is running, or SpO2 data is displayed if the Plethysmogram was running. CO2SMO will display both
ETCO2 and Respiratory Rate or SpO 2 and Pulse Rate trend data simultaneously if this was chosen
previously by selecting dual trend displays.
To select dual trend displays:
1.
Press the TRND softkey. Wait for the trend to be displayed.
2.
Press the NEXT key. TREND OPTIONS appears.
3.
Press VIEW. TREND VIEW appears.
4.
Press DUAL or ETCO2 (if ETCO2 displayed) or SpO2 (if SpO2 displayed) as desired.
Press DUAL to display both ETCO2 and Respiratory Rate or SpO2 and Pulse Rate trends.
Press ETCO2 to display only ETCO2 trend data.
Press SpO2 to display only SpO2 trend data.
WARNING
When the dual trend display is selected the monitor will retain this selection even when the trend display
is exited and the monitor is turned off.
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Trend Memory Display
Graphical Trend Display
ETCO2 and Respiratory Rate Trend Display Scales
The ETCO2 only and ETCO2 and Respiratory Rate trend display scales can be changed.
To change the ETCO2 and/or Respiratory Rate graphical trend display scales:
1.
Press the TRND key. Wait for the ETCO2 trend to be displayed.
(If necessary, press the
key to ensure the ETCO2 trend is displayed.)
2.
Press the NEXT key. TREND OPTIONS appears.
3.
Press VIEW. TREND VIEW appears.
4.
Press SCAL (scale). TREND SCALE appears.
5.
Press CO2 or RESP as desired.
Press CO2 to change the ETCO2 trend display scale.
Press RESP to change the Respiratory Rate display scale.
6.
Press HALF or FULL as desired.
HALF. Selects 0-50 mmHg for ETCO2 or 0-75 br./min for Respiratory Rate.
FULL. Selects 0-100 mmHg for ETCO2 or 0-150 br./min for Respiratory Rate.
The selected parameter is retained in memory even when the monitor is turned off.
7.
Press PREV as necessary to return to the base trend display.
Dual SpO2 and Pulse Rate Trend Display Scales
The dual SpO2 and Pulse Rate trend display scales (but not the SpO2 only trend display scale) can be
changed.
To change the Dual SpO2 and/or Pulse Rate graphical trend display scales:
1.
Press the TRND key. Wait for the SpO2 trend to be displayed.
(If necessary, press the
key to ensure the SpO2 trend is displayed.)
2.
Press the NEXT key. TREND OPTIONS appears.
3.
Press VIEW. TREND VIEW appears.
4.
Press DUAL. The dual trend appears and TREND OPTIONS is displayed (skip if DUAL is already
selected).
5.
Press VIEW. TREND VIEW appears (skip if DUAL is already selected).
6.
Press SCAL (scale). TREND SCALE appears.
7.
Press SpO2 or PULSE as desired.
Press SpO2 to change the SpO2 trend display scale.
Press PULSE to change the Pulse Rate display scale.
8.
Press HALF or FULL as desired.
HALF. Selects 80-100 % for SpO2 or 50-150 beats/min for Pulse Rate.
FULL. Selects 60-100 % for SpO2 or 50-250 beats/min for Pulse Rate.
9.
Press PREV as necessary to return to the base trend display.
These settings are retained even when the monitor is turned off.
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Section 9
Histogram Trend Display
Histogram Trend Display
Histogram displays provide a neatly tabulated and easily interpreted summary of ETCO2 and Respiratory
Rate, or, SpO2 and Pulse Rate trend memory data.
CO2SMO’s histogram display reflects the currently selected graphical trend type and expansion setting.
For example, if the graphic trend display is set to an ETCO2 12 hour display, the resulting histogram
reflects that 12 hours of ETCO2 and Respiratory Rate information. If the graphic display is set to an SpO2
30 minute display, the resulting histogram reflects that 30 minutes of SpO2 and Pulse Rate information.
Histogram displays reflect only active monitoring time, the time the Capnostat spends on the Zero and
Reference Cells is NOT reflected in the histogram display; likewise, SpO2 sensor non-monitoring time,
such as SpO2 PROBE OFF PT is NOT reflected in the histogram display.
To activate a histogram trend display:
1.
Press the TRND softkey. Wait for the trend to be displayed.
2.
Move the cursor by pressing the <- or -> (arrow keys) to the desired time.
3.
Press the EXPAND softkey to select the desired trend duration.
4.
Press the NEXT key. TREND OPTIONS appears.
5.
Press the VIEW key. TREND VIEW appears.
6.
Press the HIST (histogram) key to display the histogram.
The top line of the histogram display shows the start and stop dates and times (in 24 hour format) used
to tabulate the data.
ETCO2 data (or SpO2 data) is tabulated on the left side of the display and Respiratory Rate data (or Pulse
Rate data) is displayed on the right half. Data for each parameter is tabulated into six categories. Each
category represents a range of possible values. For each category, a bar graph is drawn showing the
percentage of the total time the parameter was within the category. To the right of the bar graphs are
numerical tabulations also showing how long the parameter was within that category.
Trend Data Compression
Data is stored into trend memory every eight seconds.
CO2SMO can display any 12 hour, 8 hour, 2 hour, or 30 minute portion of its 24 hour trend memory. Since
the size of the trend display is a fixed width, the monitor must compress the trend data to fit onto the
display—the more data present, the more it must be compressed to fit onto the display. The CO2SMO
trend display is approximately 200 pixels (picture-element) wide. Each horizontal pixel (data point) is
equivalent to the following times:
1 data point per 8 seconds in a 30 minute trend
1 data point per 32 seconds in a 2 hour trend
1 data point per 128 seconds (approx. 2 minutes) in an 8 hour trend
1 data point per 192 seconds (approx. 3 minutes) in an 12 hour trend
The monitor determines the trend duration and compresses that amount of data to fit the screen—older
data to the left, the most recent to the right.
Because of data compression, data at any horizontal pixel may look like a vertical bar.
For CO2, the upper extent of the bar represents the maximum ETCO2 value and the bottom of the bar the
maximum Inspired CO2 value stored during that particular compression period. The ETCO2 value
displayed above the graph represents the maximum ETCO2 value stored over the compression period.
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Erase Trend Memory
Trend Memory Display
For Respiratory Rate, SpO2, and Pulse Rate, the upper extent of the bar represents the maximum value
and the bottom of the bar the minimum value stored during that particular compression period. The value
displayed above the graph represents the minimum value stored over the compression period.
Erase Trend Memory
Trend information is retained in memory even if CO2SMO is turned off.
Each time the monitor is turned on the message ERASE STORED TREND ? is displayed. The user can
select YES to erase the contents of trend memory or press NO to keep the previously stored trend data
intact. If trend information is not erased at power up, new data will be appended to the old data already
in memory. Additionally, the user can, at any time, enter the trend menu and erase stored trend
information.
To erase stored trend information from within the trend menus:
1.
Press the TRND key. Wait for the trend to be displayed.
2.
Press the NEXT key. TREND OPTIONS appears.
3.
Press the ERASE key. ERASE STORED TRENDS? appears.
4.
Press YES or NO as desired.
YES. Erase stored trend memory data. TRENDS ERASED is briefly displayed.
NO. Keep stored trend memory data intact. TRENDS RETAINED is briefly displayed.
Trend Print
If PRINTER INTERFACE is selected in the MONITOR OPTIONS 2 portion of the menu system, a PRNT
key is displayed in the TREND OPTIONS menu.
Press the PRNT key (after connecting the selected printer and readying for printing) and the displayed
trend duration is graphically printed along with a histogram covering the same time frame.
See “Using a Printer” on page 85.
Trend and NOVACARD Memory Module
If NOVACARD INTERFACE is selected in the MONITOR OPTIONS 2 portion of the menu system, a
CARD key is displayed in the TREND OPTIONS menu.
Press the CARD key (after connecting the NOVACARD MEMORY MODULE and installing a
NOVACARD) and the NOVACARD MENU will appear. From this menu trend data can be stored to the
memory card, patient ID can be entered or changed, or the NOVACARD can be erased.
See “NOVACARD Memory Module User’s Manual” for more information.
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Section 9
Trend and NOVACARD Memory Module
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Section 10
Miscellaneous Features
Keyclick Volume
CO2SMO can respond to each key press with an audible tone, a “keyclick”, assuring the user that the
monitor recognized a key was pressed.
To alter the keyclick volume;
1.
Press and hold the MENU key for 3-seconds. CO2 SETUP OPTIONS appears.
2.
Repeatedly press the NEXT key until MONITOR OPTIONS 1 appears.
3.
Press KCLK (keyclick). KEYCLICK VOLUME appears.
The current keyclick volume setting (0-7) is displayed between the up and down arrows.
A “0” setting means the keyclick feature is turned off.
4.
Press ↑ or ↓ to increase or decrease the keyclick volume setting.
Each key press will cause a keyclick tone to sound.
5.
Press RUN to return to the Main Menu.
Display Brightness
CO2SMO has two user selectable display brightness settings.
To select a display brightness setting;
1.
Press the MENU key. CO2 OPTIONS appears.
2.
Press the NEXT key. SYSTEM OPTIONS appears.
3.
Press the LITE key to switch the backlight between its bright and dim settings.
4.
Press RUN to return to the Main Menu.
Display Colors
The default CO2SMO display (white text on a blue background and a blue wave over a white background)
can be changed. This display colors feature (coupled with the bright and dim backlight settings) allows
CO2SMO to provide a very visible display over a wide range of lighting conditions.
To change the display colors;
Rev. 04
1.
Press and hold the MENU key for 3-seconds. CO2 SETUP OPTIONS appears.
2.
Repeatedly press the NEXT key until MONITOR OPTIONS 1 appears.
CO2SMO User’s Manual
73
Section 10
Setting the Clock/Calendar
3.
Press DISP (display) and the display colors are inverted.
The two display modes are:
White text on blue background with a blue wave on white background (default), and
blue text on a white background with a white wave on a blue background.
4.
When the display is as desired, press RUN to return to the Main Menu.
Setting the Clock/Calendar
CO2SMO contains a clock/calendar feature that operates even when the monitor is turned off. This feature
allows CO2SMO to “time stamp” trend data as well as data that is output to external devices such as
printers.
Unlike other monitor settings, the clock/calendar is not reset by the power-up-with-Alert-Reset-key
feature. The clock/calendar must be reset manually.
To view/alter the current time and date setting;
1.
Press and hold the MENU key for 3-seconds. CO2 SETUP OPTIONS appears.
2.
Repeatedly press the NEXT key until MONITOR OPTIONS 2 appears.
3.
Press CLOCK and the clock/calendar setup menu appears.
The current hour setting is flashing.
4.
Each press of the SEL (select) key selects a new item to highlight (flash).
5.
Press ↑ or ↓ to increase or decrease the setting of the highlighted item.
6.
When the time and date are correct, press SET. MONITOR OPTIONS 2 appears.
7.
Press RUN to return to the Main Menu.
Display Monitor Software Revision Level
To check the revision level and date of CO2SMO’s system software:
74
1.
Press and hold the MENU key for 3-seconds. CO2 SETUP OPTIONS appears.
2.
Repeatedly press the NEXT key until MONITOR OPTIONS 1 appears.
3.
Press the VER# (version) softkey. The software version number appears.
4.
Press the NEXT key. The date of the software version appears.
5.
Press the NEXT key. MONITOR OPTIONS 1 appears.
6.
Press RUN to return to the Main Menu.
CO2SMO User’s Manual
Rev. 04
Section 11
Menu Tree
The menu flow diagrams of the CO2SMO are listed in the following pages, each menu is shown with its
associated softkeys.
Rev. 04
CO2SMO User’s Manual
75
ALRT
See page 2 for TREND menu tree
RUN
MAIN
SET ALERT LIMITS
SEL
↑
CAL
MENU
This is the
MAIN
Menu
❶
SCALE will be displayed if
Capnogram or dual waveform is
displayed.
SIZE will be displayed if
Plethysmogram waveform is
displayed and Pleth Autosize is on.
Otherwise key is blank.
Up/Down
Select Limit to Adjust
TREND SCALE
RUN
O2
CO2 OPTIONS
N2O
PUMP
NEXT
RUN
MAIN
SYSTEM OPTIONS
AUDIO
LITE
AVG
MAIN
Backlight Hi/Low
Set Auto Alerts
SET SAMPLING PUMP
ON
OFF
CARD will appear if NOVACARD
interface is selected.
On/Off
PRNT will appear if a printer
interface is selected.
❷
❸
IABP will appear if IABP
mode is selected in SpO2
Setup Options
N2O COMPENSATION
ON
OFF
Plethysmogram
Wave
RUN
On/Off
Capnogram or dual waveform
OK to
Displayed ?
No
Cal on Adapt?
CANNOT CALIBRATE
THIS SENSOR
AVERAGING SELECTIONS
NoResp CO2
SPO2
IABP
MAIN
O2 COMPENSATION >60%
ON
OFF
Wait 3 sec
Yes
On/Off
SELECT IABP MODE
ON
OFF
MAIN
RESIZING PLETH
PLACE ON ADAPT IN ROOM AIR
START
CANCEL
MAIN
Select
Show 3 sec
MAIN
SpO2 AVERAGING
2s
8s
Reset size of Pleth
Warmup
Main Menu
No
Complete?
CAPNOGRAM CONTROLS
RUN
mm/s
WAIT FOR SENSOR
CANCEL
MAIN
Yes
SCALE
Select
Wait for warmup
INST
MAIN
SELECT ETCO2 AVERAGING
1BR
10s
20s
Scale
Breaths
SWEEP SPEED mm/sec
6.5
13
26
Yes
BREATHS DETECTED?
Detected ?
RUN
SET AUDIO FEATURES
PULSE ALERT
Select
PREV
MAIN
Wait 3 sec
NO RESPIRATION TIMER=XXs
Select Speed
RUN
SET ALERT VOLUME
TIME REMAINING : XX
CANCEL
RUN
↑ X
↓
MAIN
MAIN
MAIN
Yes
AZero
MAIN
Successful ?
No
↓
↑
PREV
PREV
Select
Up/Down
SET PULSE VOLUME
CALIBRATION ERROR
RUN
CONT
MAIN
↑ X
↓
Up/Down
PREV
CO2SMO™ Menu Tree
Revision 2.9 Software
Page 1 of 4
❶
ALRT
ETCO2 12 Hr:
TREND
SIZE
RUN
CAL
EXPAND
❷
MENU
<-
->
AUDIO
NEXT
RUN
LITE
CARD
AVG
NOVACARD MENU
STORE
ID
ERASE
EXPAND
<-
AUDIO
RUN
ETCO2 2 Hr:
RUN
<-
ETCO2 30m:
RUN
Erases Card
Where NEXT
was pressed
->
NEXT
PATIENT ID:_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
CLR
SELECT
RUN
↑
ALL
<-
PREV
MAIN
PRINT TREND
PART
PREV
MAIN
Cursor
EXPAND
SELECT PRINT MODE
TREND
TAB
Start Tabular Printout
NEXT
SET
MAIN
AVG
MAIN
->
Cursor
EXPAND
PRNT
TIME
Stores to Card
MAIN
LITE
Select Time
MAIN
RUN
SYSTEM OPTIONS
RUN
Cursor
MAIN
ETCO2 8 Hr:
❸
SYSTEM OPTIONS
RUN
START: XX:XX dd/mm/yyyy
->
Clears Patient ID field
NEXT
↑
RESET
Edit Patient ID field
Select XX value
MAIN
Cursor
STOP: XX:XX dd/mm/yyyy
↑
RESET
TREND OPTIONS
RUN
ERASE
VIEW
PREV
Select XX value
MAIN
T REN D VI E W:
SCAL
Prints Selection
DUAL
CO2
In ETCO2 view toggles vertical scales
HIST
Histogram
TREND OPTIONS
Select (ET)CO2 or SpO2
Selects ETCO2 & Resp or SpO2 & Pulse
YES
ER ASE S TO RED T REN DS :
SELECT PRINT COMPRESSION
NONE
1/2
1/4
PAGE
PREV
CARD will appear if NOVACARD Interface
is selected.
PRNT will appear if PRINTER Interface is
selected.
Otherwise key is blank
PREV
Print Selection
RUN
ERASE
VI EW
CARD
PREV
STORE
ID
ERASE
PREV
MAIN
NO
Yes/No
NOVACAR D ME NU
RUN
MAIN
TREND OPTIONS
RUN
ERASE
VIEW
PRNT
No
PREV
ER ASI N G C AR D
PLEASE
WAIT
ID: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
SET
CLR
Yes
Printing ?
↑
SELECT
Select 0-9 for each point
PRINTOUT STARTED
Sequentially selects each entry point
Clears entire Patient ID field
PRINT IN PROGRESS
STOP
CONT
STORING TREND TO CARD PLEASE
TERMINATING PRINTOUT
WAIT
CO2SMO™ Menu Tree
Revision 2.9 Software
Page 2 of 4
This menu is displayed for approximately 8
seconds on power-up, if niether key is
pressed the Main Menu will appear.
Pressing the EVENT key while in the Main
Menu
If mains and battery power is removed from
the main board, when power is reapplied and
the monitor is turned on this will appear for 3
seconds on power-up.
When the pump is turned on in the SET SAMPLING PUMP menu CAL CO2 CANNULA will
appear on the display. Pressing the CAL key
will produce the following menu sequence.
EVENT MARKED XX:XX
WARNING!
CHECK TIME/DATE
CO2 CANNULA ATTACHED ?
CONT
CANCEL
ERASE STORED TRENDS ?
YES
NO
MAIN
Which
NOVACARD
Interface
TRENDS RETAINED
Printer
Placing Capnostat on Zero Cell
TIME REMAINING XX:XX
CANCEL
Selected
MAIN
None
MAIN
PLACE ON ADAPT IN RM AIR
START
CANCEL
WAVEFORM FROZEN
TRENDS ERASED
PLACE ON REF CELL
CANCEL
RUN
MAIN
MAIN
MAIN
RUN
WAVEFORM FROZEN
PRINT
MAIN
Warmup
Placing Capnostat on Reference Cell after zero
calibration.
MAIN
No
Complete?
WAIT FOR SENSOR
CANCEL
MAIN
Yes
STORE WAVEFORM TO CARD ?
RUN STORE
ID
ERASE
Wait for warmup
PRINTOUT STARTED
CHECKING CALIBRATION
MAIN
SET
ABLE
No
TO WRITE TO
CARD?
PATIENT ID:_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
CLR
SELECT
↑
Yes
BREATHS DETECTED?
Detected ?
ABLE
Yes
Edit Patient ID field
Yes
Breaths
MAIN
TO WRITE TO
No
Wait 3 sec
CALIBRATION VERIFIED
REMOVE SENSOR FROM CELL
TIME REMAINING : XX
CARD?
CANCEL
MAIN
Clears Patient ID field
MAIN
CANNOT WRITE THIS CARD
ERASE NOVACARD ?
YES
NO
CANNOT ERASE THIS CARD
Place Capnostat on Reference Cell without
Zero calibration first.
Yes
MAIN
A Zero
Successful ?
No
CALIBRATION ERROR
CONT
NOT CALIBRATED
PLACE ON ZERO CELL
TRENDS RETAINED
ERASING NOVACARD
PLEASE WAIT
Appears when monitor is powered up for
factory default settings.
PARAMETERS RESET
TO FACTORY DEFAULTS
STORING WAVEFORM TO CARD
PLEASE WAIT
CO2SMO™ Menu Tree
Revision 2.9 Software
Page 3 of 4
MENU
Hold for 3 seconds
RUN
CO2 SETUP OPTIONS
BARO
EDIT
UNITS
SpO2 SETUP OPTIONS
NEXT
RUN
IABP
SIZE
SpO2 TIMERS
NEXT
MAIN
MAIN
RUN
HELD
SPEC
BAD
MONITOR OPTIONS 1
NEXT
RUN
MAIN
DISP
KCLK
VER#
MONITOR OPTIONS 2
NEXT
MAIN
RUN
SER
CLOCK
REC
NEXT
MAIN
Invert CCD
RUN
BARO PRESSURE = XXXmmHg
AUTO MANUAL
PREV
DISPLAY HELD TIMER
ON
OFF
IABP MODE AVAILABLE?
YES
NO
MAIN
On/Off
On/Off
AUTOMATIC BARO PRESSURE
COMPENSATION SELECTED
BARO PRESSURE = XXXmmHg
30s
On/Off
↑
RUN
↑
MAIN
SET
Up/Down
SET
PLETH AUTOSIZE
ON
OFF
NOVACOM1 INTERFACE
PREV
KEYCLICK VOLUME
RUN
SPECIAL ALERT DELAY
45s
60s
90s
NEXT
ANALOG MODULE INTERFACE
PREV
NEXT
VER# ENG-XXXX-XX
NEXT
SET
NOVACARD INTERFACE
PREV
NEXT
SET
TELECAP INTERFACE
PREV
NEXT
SET
TELESAT INTERFACE
PREV
NEXT
SET
INTERFACE UNUSED
PREV
NEXT
SET
PRINTER INTERFACE
PREV
NEXT
Select desired delay time
DD/MMM/YYY XX:XX:XX
NEXT
MAIN
0s
ALERT ON BAD SIGNAL
15s
30s
60s
Edit Baro. Press.
Select Delay
RESP RATE EDITOR
ON
OFF
On/Off
SELECT (ET)CO2 UNITS
mmHg
KPa
%
Select Unit
RUN
ALERT OPTIONS 2
DELAY
BAR
NEXT
RUN
ALERT OPTIONS 1
LATCH DFLT
MUTE
NEXT
SELECT PRINTER TYPE
SEIKO
TJET
MAIN
MAIN
Select Type
UNIT CHANGE ERASES TREND
CONT CANCEL
10 SEC LIMIT ALERT DELAY
YES
NO
ALERTS LATCHED
YES
NO
SET
TRENDS ERASED
Yes/No
XX:XX DD/MMM/YYYY
SEL
↑
Yes/No
Set current date/time
ALERT BAR LATCHED
YES
NO
OFF
RETAIN ALERT LIMITS
YES
NO
CALIBRATE RECORDER
RUN
TRENDS RETAINED
Yes/No/Off
ZERO
HALF
FULL
PREV
Yes/No
MAIN
Set scale
ALLOW AUDIO OFF
YES
NO
Yes/No
CO2SMO™ Menu Tree
Revision 2.9 Software
Page 4 of 4
Section 12
Status Messages
Certain status messages may appear on the display of the CO2SMO ETCO2/SpO2 monitor, Model 7100.
These messages are listed in the following table with an explanation of the probable causes.
Message Displayed
Possible Explanation
ETCO2 SECTION
CO2 SENSOR FAULTY 1
Try different sensor. If problem persists, a hardware error with the
monitor most likely exists, or sensor is defective.
CO2 SENSOR FAULTY 2
The values stored inside the sensor’s EEPROM failed the
checksum test. Check that the sensor is properly plugged in. If
problem persists, return the sensor to the factory for servicing.
CANNOT CALIBRATE THIS
SENSOR
Occurrence of any of the following conditions - sensor is
unplugged, over temperature, faulty, incompatible, or calibrator is
faulty.
CO2 SENSOR WARM-UP
The CO2 sensor has not reached proper operating temperature. A
cold sensor may take several minutes to warm up; less time is
necessary for a sensor at room temperature. Maximum warm-up
time should be five minutes.
Wait for sensor to stabilize. If error persists, try a different sensor.
Other monitor functions are not affected.
WAIT FOR SENSOR
The sensor is unplugged, under temperature, over temperature or
temperature is stabilizing. Other monitor functions are not
affected.
CHECK AIRWAY ADAPTER
ADAPTER CAL?
Rev. 04
Usually caused by blockage of the optical path of the sensor, or
when the airway adapter is removed. May also be caused by failure
to perform adapter calibration to correct for adapter type. Clean
airway adapter if necessary, check calibration. Perform adapter
calibration, if problem persists, perform zero calibration. Perform
another adapter calibration if using another adapter.
CONNECT CO2 SENSOR
CO2 sensor not plugged into the monitor. This message will be
displayed until a sensor is plugged into the CO2 input connector.
CO2 SENSOR OVER-TEMP
Sensor temperature is greater than 50 degrees Celsius. Check that
the sensor is not exposed to excess heat. If message persists, a
hardware problem is likely.
INCOMPAT. CO2 SENSOR
The EEPROM inside the sensor contains a code that identifies the
format of the information contained in the EEPROM. If the code is
not recognized by the monitor’s software, this message will occur.
If this message occurs, return the sensor to the factory for servicing.
CO2SMO User’s Manual
81
Section 12
Message Displayed
Possible Explanation
PLACE ON ZERO CELL
A calibration error has been detected, or a new sensor has been
connected. Place the sensor on the zero cell to recalibrate.
CO2 ADAPTER CAL ERR
Error detected during Adapter cal. This will occur if Airway
Adapter is not connected or if CO2 gas is present in the Airway
Adapter during airway zero. Perform an adapter calibration to
correct; if problem persists a possible hardware error exists.
ETCO2 OUT OF RANGE
The value being calculated is greater than 100mmHg. If error
persists, check calibration and perform a zero calibration if
necessary.
NOT CALIBRATED
PLACE ON ZERO CELL
An uncalibrated sensor has been placed on the reference cell
before having been zero calibrated on the zero cell.
CHECK SAMPLING LINE
The monitor has detected a leak in the sampling system.
SAMPLE LINE BLOCKED
Indicates line blockage in the sampling system.
CAL CO2 CANNULA
Displayed when sampling system pump is turned on. Calibration
necessary for proper operation of sensor and pump current
monitoring.
BARO. PRESSURE ERROR
Monitor detects invalid readings from the barometric pressure
measuring circuit.
SATURATION SECTION
82
SpO2 PROBE OFF PATIENT
Sensor disconnected from patient, improperly applied, or placed
on an area too translucent for proper sensor operation. Reposition
sensor.
SpO2 LOW SIGNAL
The signal strength detected by the sensor is weak, reposition
sensor to a more perfused site.
SpO2 BAD SIGNAL
Monitor not receiving valid signals from sensor. May be caused by
excessive motion, cardiac arrhythmia or other situations leading to
poor signal. Check patient status, reposition sensor.
CAN’T I.D. SPO2 PROBE
Sensor is placed on patient before being connected to the monitor always connect the sensor to the monitor first. A nonSuperBright™ sensor is connected. Sensor is faulty. Remove
sensor from use and contact qualified service personnel.
CONNECT SpO2 PROBE
Sensor is disconnected from the monitor. Sensor is faulty. Remove
sensor from use and contact qualified service personnel. Both
sensor LEDs have failed or the cable connections are open or
shorted.
SpO2 FAULTY PROBE
Sensor faulty. Remove sensor from use and contact qualified
service personnel. This error traps intermittent faults such as Probe
Red LED or Infrared LED failures caused by frayed or broken
wires in the sensor cable.
SPO2 HARDWARE ERROR 1
Monitor’s circuitry is outside of calibration limits. Contact factory
for assistance.
CO2SMO User’s Manual
Rev. 04
Status Messages
Message Displayed
Possible Explanation
NO SPO2 UPDATE **
Insufficient light, where ** is time in seconds (after 99 seconds
display shows “--”). Possibly caused by motion or poor sensor
placement, resulting in poor signal.
INCOMP SPO2 PROBE
A non-SuperBright™ sensor is connected. Sensor is faulty.
Remove sensor from use and contact qualified service personnel.
SpO2 INSUF. LIGHT
Sensor placed on a site too thick (or opaque) for adequate light
transmission. Reposition the sensor. A non-SuperBright™ sensor
is connected.
SpO2 LIGHT INTERF
Light Interference, ambient light sources (sunlight, warming lights,
etc.) are interfering with sensor light sources. Shield the sensor
from ambient light sources.
SpO2 LOW SIGNAL
Low Signal Strength, the pulse strength detected by the sensor is
too weak for proper monitor operation. Reposition sensor.
SpO2 FAULTY PROBE RD
Sensor faulty. Remove sensor from use and contact qualified
service personnel. Sensor Red LED has failed or the cable
connections are open or shorted.
SpO2 FAULTY PROBE IR
Sensor faulty. Remove sensor from use and contact qualified
service personnel. Sensor Red IR has failed or the cable
connections are open or shorted.
PULSE OUT OF RANGE
Pulse rate is less than 30 bpm or is greater than 250 bpm.
MONITOR
Rev. 04
AUDIO OFF DISABLED
Displayed if user tries to enable Audio Off mode (by pressing and
holding the AUDIO key) while the “Allow Audio Off” portion of
the Options Menu is set to “No”.
NOVAMETRIX MEDICAL
SYSTEMS INC. COSMO SELF
TEST IN PROGRESS.
Monitor is performing power-up system diagnostic tests that check
the system RAM and ROM. If a failure in testing RAM is
encountered, the monitor will flash three front panel LEDs. If a
failure in ROM is encountered, the two outer LEDs will flash; the
monitor will not function in either case.
PARAMETERS RESET TO
FACTORY DEFAULTS
Displayed when monitor is turned on while pressing the
ALERT RESET key. Monitor is now using factory default settings.
This message will also appear if new software has been installed.
The monitor will perform a self test and check the RAM and ROM
then reset to the factory default settings.
BATTERY VERY LOW
PLUG IN AC POWER
Monitor is running on battery power and the battery power has
been depleted. Connect line cord to AC Mains power source and
set the rear panel switch to “|”.
Monitor’s rear panel fuse has blown, monitor switched over to
battery power and has depleted battery life.
WARNING!
CHECK TIME/DATE
Displayed for approximately two seconds on power up if both AC
mains and battery power are removed from the main board.
Set proper Time/Date to eliminate message from appearing on
power up.
CO2SMO User’s Manual
83
Section 12
[This page intentionally blank.]
84
CO2SMO User’s Manual
Rev. 04
Section 13
Using a Printer
CO2SMO directly supports specific RS232 serial printers1. They include the Seiko DPU-414 and DPU
411 Thermal Printers, and the Hewlett-Packard ThinkJet Printer.2
The information output by the printers is the same. However, due to printer differences, the format of the
printed information will vary slightly between printers.
Selecting a Specific Printer
The CO2SMO must be set to the appropriate printer interface.
1.
Press and hold the MENU key for 3-seconds. CO2 SETUP OPTIONS appears.
2.
Repeatedly press the NEXT key until MONITOR OPTIONS 2 appears.
3.
Press the SER (serial interface) key and the currently selected interface appears.
Available interfaces include INTERFACE UNUSED, PRINTER INTERFACE, NOVACOM 1
INTERFACE, ANALOG MODULE INTERFACE, NOVACARD INTERFACE, TELECAP
INTERFACE, and TELESAT INTERFACE.
4.
Press PREV (previous) or NEXT to select PRINTER INTERFACE.
5.
Press the SET key. SELECT PRINTER TYPE appears.
The currently selected printer type flashes.
6.
Press the SEIKO or TJET key as desired.
7.
Press RUN to return to the Main Menu.
When Printer Interface Mode is selected, a PRNT (print) softkey is added to the SYSTEM
OPTIONS and TREND OPTIONS menus.
Connecting the Seiko DPU-414 Thermal Printer
To connect a Seiko DPU-414 Thermal Printer (PN: 9140-00) to the CO2SMO:
1.
Connect the 9085-00 interface cable to the monitor‘s RS232 connector and to the printer’s serial input
connector—the 9 pin D connector.
2.
Connect the AC adapter and turn the printer on.
1 See “Analog Output Module” on page 71, for details on analog type printers and recorders.
2 Only the Seiko DPU-414 Thermal Printer is currently available. Information on the Seiko DPU-411,
and HP Thinkjet printers remains for backward compatibility.
Rev. 04
CO2SMO User’s Manual
85
Section 13
Selecting a Specific Printer
Configuring the Seiko DPU-414 Printer
The Seiko DPU-414 Thermal Printer (Cat. No. 9140-00) must be configured to communicate with the
CO2SMO. When properly configured, the Seiko printer will retain the settings, even when turned off.
Top view
Rear view
Serial connection
AC adapter
On/Off switch
Setting the DIP switches:
1.
Slide the printer’s power switch to OFF “O”.
2.
Press and hold the ON LINE button, then slide the power switch ON “|”. Release the ON LINE button
after the list of current settings starts printing out.
3.
The printout of the current settings is followed by the prompt:
“Continue? : Push On-line SW”
“Write? : Push Paper feed SW”
To change the DIP switch settings, push the ON LINE button (to leave the DIP switch settings
unchanged, push the FEED button).
4.
“DIP SW-1” will print. Enter the new settings for switches 1-8.
“ON” is set by pushing the ON LINE button once
“OFF” is set by pushing the FEED button once
The printer will confirm each selection. Repeat for DIP SW 2 and 3.
86
CO2SMO User’s Manual
Rev. 04
Using a Printer
Selecting a Specific Printer
The DIP switch settings for the Model 7100 are as follows:
[ DIP SW settings mode ]
Dip SW-1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
(OFF) : Input = Serial
(ON ) : Printing Speed = High
(ON ) : Auto Loading = ON
(OFF) : Auto LF = OFF
(ON ) : Setting Command = Enable
(OFF) : Printing
(ON ) :
Density
(ON ) :
= 100 %
Dip SW-2
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
(ON ) : Printing Columns = 40
(ON ) : User Font Back-up = ON
(ON ) : Character Select = Normal
(OFF) : Zero = Normal
(ON ) : International
(OFF) :
Character
(ON ) :
Set
(OFF) :
= U.S.A.
Dip SW-3
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
(ON )
(ON )
(ON )
(OFF)
(ON )
(OFF)
(ON )
(OFF)
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Data Length = 8 bits
Data Parity = No
Parity Condition = Odd
Busy Control = H/W Busy
Baud
Rate
Select
= 9600 bps
Continue ? : Push ‘On-line SW’
Write ?
: Push ‘Paper feed SW’
CAUTION
DIP SW Set Mode cannot be cancelled once it is initiated. Answer “ON” or “OFF” for every setting.
Note: More information about DIP switch settings can be found in the Seiko “DPU-414 Thermal Printer
Operation Manual.”
5.
When the printer finishes writing the new settings to memory, “DIP SW setting completed!!” is printed
out and the printer returns to ON LINE mode.
CAUTION
Never turn the printer off while it is writing the new settings to memory. Wait until “DIP SW setting
complete!!” is printed, then the printer power may be turned off.
Connecting the Seiko DPU-411 Printer
The Seiko DPU-411 thermal printer (Cat. No. 5702-00 for 120 vac, 5703-00 for 220 vac) can be used
with the CO2SMO for trend or tabular printouts. The Seiko DPU-411 printer and the CO2SMO must be
correctly configured before they can operate properly. An interface cable connects the two devices.
Rev. 04
CO2SMO User’s Manual
87
Section 13
Selecting a Specific Printer
Interface cable Catalog No. 5861-00 is twelve inches long and allows the Seiko DPU-411 printer to be
powered from the CO2SMO. The printer’s AC adapter is not needed.
Interface cable Catalog No. 6887-00 is a six foot cable that requires the Seiko DPU-411 printer to be
powered from its AC adapter.
To configure and connect the Seiko DPU-411 thermal printer:
1.
Ensure that the printer is off.
2.
Set the DIP switches on the bottom of the DPU-411 to the proper settings.
First set of eight switches: 1-2 OFF, 3-4 ON, 5-6 OFF, 7-8 ON
Second set of six switches: 1-3 ON, 4-6 OFF.
Seiko Model 411-DPU bottom
3.
Connect a printer interface cable between the CO2SMO’s RS232 connector and the printer’s upper rear
panel connector. If using the 6887-00 cable, connect the printer’s external power supply to its rear panel
and the AC supply. If using the 5861-00 cable, connect the cable’s power supply connector to the printer
power input connector.
Seiko Model 411-DPU Rear Panel
Interface Cable
(top connector)
Printer power input
If using 6887-00 interface cable, use printer’s external supply
If using 5861-00 interface cable, use cable’s input connector
4.
88
Turn the printer ON. Refer to the Seiko Model DPU-411 documentation for specific printer operation and
maintenance instructions.
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Print Formats
Connecting the Hewlett-Packard ThinkJet Printer
To connect the Hewlett-Packard ThinkJet Printer to CO2SMO:
1.
The ThinkJet must be a Hewlett-Packard Model 2225D (RS232 serial interface).
2.
Set the dip switches on the rear panel of the ThinkJet as indicated below.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
1 2 3 4 5
Mode switches = 1, 2, 5, 6 up (on) and 3, 4, 7, 8 down (off).
RS-232C switches = 1 up (on) and 2, 3, 4, 5 down (off).
3.
Connect the interface cable (Catalog No. 5331-00) to the monitor‘s RS232 connector and to the printer’s
serial input connector. Markings at each end of the cable help orient it properly.
4.
Connect the printer’s power cord and turn the printer on.
5.
Refer to the ThinkJet Owner’s Manual for further printer details.
Print Formats
The information output by the printers is the same. However, due to printer differences, the format of the
printed information will vary slightly between printers.
The following print types are available:
•
•
•
•
•
Displayed Trend Printout
Tabular Mode Text Printout
Capnogram or Plethysmogram Waveform Printout
Zoom Trend Printout
Compressed Trend Printout
Displayed Trend Printout
To create a Displayed Trend Printout from the graphical or histogram trend display:
Rev. 04
1.
Ensure the selected printer is connected and ready to print.
2.
Press the TRND key to display trend data.
3.
Press EXPAND to select the 12 hour, 8 hour, 2 hour, or 30 minute trend display.
The start and stop times for the printed graph and histogram are approximately (due to
compression) the same as those displayed on the monitor trend display when the printout is
initiated.
4.
Press the NEXT key. TREND OPTIONS appears.
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5.
Press PRNT. PRINTOUT STARTED is displayed and printing starts.
The user can also press PRNT in the histogram display—the printout will be the same.
The printer stops automatically when the printout is complete.
If PRNT is pressed again before the printout finishes, PRINT IN PROGRESS appears. Press
STOP to terminate printing, or press CONT (continue) to resume printing.
6.
TREND OPTIONS reappears. Press RUN to return to the Main Menu.
Tabular Mode Text Printout
Tabular Mode Printouts print the time, SpO2, Pulse Rate, ETCO2, Respiratory Rate and Inspired CO2
values once each 30 seconds. The printed values reflect the monitor’s display at the instant of printing.
To start a Tabular Mode Printout:
1.
Ensure the selected printer is connected and ready to print.
2.
Press the MENU key then the NEXT key. SYSTEM OPTIONS appears.
3.
Press the PRNT key. SELECT PRINT MODE appears.
4.
Press the TAB (tabular) key. PRINTOUT STARTED is displayed and printing starts.
To stop a Tabular Mode Printout:
1.
Press the MENU key then the NEXT key. SYSTEM OPTIONS appears.
2.
Press the PRNT key. PRINT IN PROGRESS appears.
3.
Press STOP to stop the printout, or press CONT to continue with the Tabular Mode Text Printout.
Capnogram or Plethysmogram Waveform Printout
To start a capnogram or plethysmogram waveform printout:
1.
Ensure the selected printer is connected and ready to print.
2.
Press the EVENT key; EVENT MARKED hh:mm will appear, followed by PRINT WAVEFORM?
The hh:mm will be the time stamped by the monitor.
3.
Press the PRNT key or RUN key as desired.
Press PRNT to print the waveform. If the capnogram or dual waveform display is selected, a
capnogram is printed; if the plethysmogram display is selected, a plethysmogram is printed. The
printer stops automatically when the printout is complete.
Press RUN to return to the Main Menu without printing.
Zoom Trend Printout
To create a Zoom Trend Printout:
90
1.
Ensure the selected printer is connected and ready to print.
2.
Press the MENU key then the NEXT key. SYSTEM OPTIONS appears.
3.
Press the PRNT key. SELECT PRINT MODE appears.
4.
Press the TRND key. PRINT TREND appears.
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Print Formats
5.
Press PART. The START time menu appears.
6.
Press ↑ or ↓ to select the point (time) in trend memory to start the printout.
7.
Press the SET key. The STOP time menu appears.
Or, press RESET to reset the start time to the beginning of trend memory.
8.
Press ↑ or ↓ to select the point (time) in trend memory to stop the printout.
9.
Press PRINT.
Or, press RESET to set the stop time to the programmed start time.
10.
PRINTOUT STARTED is displayed and printing starts.
If the capnogram display is selected, ETCO2 and Respiratory Rate data is printed; if the
plethysmogram display is selected, SpO2 and Pulse Rate data is printed. The printer stops
automatically when the printout is complete.
If PRNT is pressed again before the printout finishes, PRINT IN PROGRESS appears. Press
STOP to terminate printing, or press CONT (continue) to resume printing.
Compressed Trend Printout
To create a Compressed Trend Printout:
1.
Ensure the selected printer is connected and ready to print.
2.
Press the MENU key then the NEXT key. SYSTEM OPTIONS appears.
3.
Press the PRNT key. SELECT PRINT MODE appears.
4.
Press TREND. PRINT TREND appears.
5.
Press ALL. SELECT TREND COMPRESSION appears.
6.
Select NONE, 1/2, 1/4 or PAGE.
NONE. Printout length of up to 12 sheets of paper (standard 8.5 x 11 inch sheets)
1/2. Printout length of up to 6 sheets of paper
1/4. Printout length of up to 3 sheets of paper
PAGE. Printout sized to fit a single sheet of paper.
7.
PRINTOUT STARTED is displayed and printing starts.
If the capnogram or dual waveform display is selected, ETCO2 and Respiratory Rate data is
printed; if the plethysmogram display is selected, SpO2 and Pulse Rate data is printed. The
printer stops automatically when the printout is complete.
If PRNT is pressed again before the printout finishes, PRINT IN PROGRESS appears. Press
STOP to terminate printing, or press CONT (continue) to resume printing.
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Interpreting Printer Output
Header
Each printout starts with a header that identifies the monitor (CO2SMO ETCO2/SpO2 Monitor). The date
and time of the printout is furnished by the monitor’s calendar/clock. Space is then provided to enter
patient information. The type of printout (Zoom, Compressed, etc.) is then identified.
Header
Column
A and B
Information
Type of
Printout
Data Scales
Alert limit
settings
New Alert
limit settings
Beginning of
Histogram
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Beginning of
Histogram
Limit Alert
Status
Histogram
Data
Average,
Min. & Max.
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Graphical Data
A graphical depiction of trend memory is printed after the header for all printouts except the tabular and
waveform modes.
Column A and B Information: The next two lines refer to Columns A and B in the printout. Column A
represents the monitor’s audible alarm status. A mark (black bar) in this column indicates that the audible
alarms were silenced during this portion of the printout. Column B shows marks where “Events” were
added to trend memory.
Data Scales: The ETCO2 and Respiratory Rate scales, or Pulse Rate and SpO2 scales, are printed and
dotted lines within the data section correspond to the major divisions shown on the scale lines.
Alert Limit Settings: Following the data ratio and just before the actual data are the alert limit settings.
Each scale has two triangle shaped markers that represent the upper and lower alert limit settings as
shown on the monitor’s display. Dashed lines extend from these markers down into the data section of
the printout. If the alert limits were changed during the time the printed data was originally collected, the
new alert limits will be printed with a message indicating that the limits were changed.
Data Section: The data is printed based on the compression ratio. A time stamp is placed at regular
intervals and appears as a horizontal line printed between the scales.
Histogram Data
A histogram based on the printed portion of trend memory is printed after the graphical data for all trend
printouts.
Total Elapsed Time: Time trending was active; the total time covered by the printout.
Non-Monitoring Time: For CO2 trends, this is usually time spent with the CAPNOSTAT on the
calibration cells. For SpO2 trends, this is time spent in SpO2 PROBE OFF PT or a similar non-monitoring
condition.
Limit Alert Status: Percent of monitoring time spent above, below and within the parameter alert limits
as shown on the printout.
Histogram Data: A numerical and graphical display of the percentage of monitoring time (nonmonitoring time excluded) spent in each of the ranges listed.
Average, Min and Max: The minimum and maximum recorded values. Average refers to the arithematic
mean of all readings.
End of Trend Printout: Message shows Histogram is a part of the Print Trend feature.
Tabular Data Format
Tabular Mode Text Printouts start off with a Header (refer to previous section), followed text printed at
30 seconds intervals.
The format of the tabular text is:
HH:MM:SS SpO2 = XXX % PULSE = XXX bpm ETCO2 = XXX mmHg RR
= XXX BR/M INSP = XXX mmHg
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where HH:MM:SS is the hour, minute and seconds (24 hour format) and XXX is the appropriate displayed
parameter value.
Header
Time and
Parameters
(printed every
30 seconds)
Capnogram or Plethysmogram Waveform Format
If the capnogram or dual waveform display is selected, a capnogram waveform is printed; if the
plethysmogram display is selected, a plethysmogram waveform is printed. The printer stops
automatically when the printout is complete.
Waveform Printouts start off with a Header (refer to previous section).
A Capnogram Waveform Printout represents the ten seconds of capnogram data immediately prior to
when the EVENT key was pressed. Graphically, the EVENT key press corresponds to the bottom of the
printout; the top of the printout is ten seconds before EVENT was pressed. The time, and ETCO2,
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Respiratory Rate and Inspired CO2 values are also printed. The printed values reflect the monitor’s
display at the instant of printing.
Header
Printout
Identification
Scale
ETCO2
Parameters
EVENT
key pressed
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Using a Printer
A Plethysmogram Waveform Printout represents the five seconds of plethysmogram data immediately
prior to when the EVENT key was pressed. Graphically, the EVENT key press corresponds to the bottom
of the printout; the top of the printout is five seconds before EVENT was pressed. The time, SpO2 and
Pulse Rate values are also printed. The printed values reflect the monitor’s display at the instant of
printing.
Header
Printout
Identification
SpO2
Parameters
EVENT
Key pressed
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Section 14
External Devices
CO2SMO supports, in addition to the printers previously mentioned, specific external RS232 serial
devices: computer interface (NOVACOM1), Analog Module, Memory Card (NOVACARD), Telecap, and
TeleSat. For information on printers see “Using a Printer” on page 85.
NOVACOM1 Interface
The NOVACOM1 interface is designed to output data in formats easily read by a computer or data logging
device. The computer interface provides the user several communication modes to choose from. The
communication format is 9600 baud, 8 bits, no parity, 1 stop bit and XON/XOFF handshaking.
Mode 1 — Real Time
In Real Time mode, the end tidal CO2, respiratory rate and inspired CO2 values for the ETCO2 section,
and the saturation values, and respiration rate for the SpO2 section are continually transmitted at one
second intervals.
To enter Real Time mode, the computer must send an ASCII “1” character. The CO2SMO will echo back
the “1” followed by a <cr><lf>, and enable real time communication. The data format is,
ME***R***I**Y**S***P***Z**<cr><lf>
where;
M - Event Marker identifier, “M”= event marked, “-”= no event,
E - an identifier for the a 3-digit ASCII CO2 value to follow,
R - an identifier for the 3-digit ASCII Resp. rate value to follow,
I - an identifier for the 2-digit ASCII Inspired CO2 value to follow,
Y - an identifier for a 2-digit ASCII CO2 status (message) value
S - an identifier for a 3-digit ASCII SpO 2 value to follow,
P - an identifier for a 3-digit ASCII Pulse value to follow,
Z - an identifier for a 2-digit ASCII SpO2 status (message) value
*** - a 3-digit ASCII value,
** - a 2-digit ASCII value,
<cr><lf> - a carriage return, line-feed sequence.
CAUTION
If the units parameter is set to Kpa or % in the CO2 SETUP OPTIONS menu then the E*** and I**
will include decimal characters and be in an E**.* format for End Tidal value, and I*.* for Inspired.
This is an additional ASCII character in the sequence.
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CAUTION
If the ETCO2 section is turned off while the SpO2 section remains on the E, R, and I fields will be
followed by blanks. Likewise the S and P fields will be followed by blanks if the SpO 2 section is turned
off while the ETCO2 section remains on.
The Y** (CO2) and Z** (SpO2) values correspond to CO2SMO display messages (e.g., “Check Airway
Adapter”). The messages corresponding to the displayed numbers are shown below.
Y**
where **
is:
Capnometer messages
Z**
where ** is:
SpO2 messages
00
No Error
00
No Error
01
N/A
01
N/A
02
Connect CO2 Sensor
02
SpO2 Low Signal
03
CO2 Sensor Overtemp
03
SpO2 Insuf Light
04
CO2 Sensor Faulty
04
Pulse Out of Range
05
Incomp CO2 Sensor
05
N/A
06
Calibrator Faulty
06
SpO2 Light Interf
07
CO2 Sensor Warm-up
07
SpO2 Reflex Probe Off
08
(same as above)
08
SpO2 Probe Off Patient
09
Place on Zero Cell
09
Connect SpO2 Probe
10
(same as above)
10
Incomp SpO2 Probe
11
CO2 Zero Cal Error
11
Can’t ID SpO2 Probe
12
N/A
12
SpO2 Faulty Probe Ir
13
CO2 Adapter Cal Error
13
SpO2 Faulty Probe Rd
14
Cal on Airway Adapt
14
SpO2 Faulty Probe
15
Check Airway Adapt
15
N/A
16
(same as above)
16
SpO2 Hardware Err
17
ETCO2 Out of Range
17
SpO2 Bad Signal
18
N/A
19
Baro Press Error
20
Check Sampling Line
21
Sample Line Blocked
To exit Real Time mode, the computer must send an “x” or “X” character. The CO2SMO will echo the
“x” and then stop real time communication.
Mode 3 — CO2 Waveform
In CO2 Waveform mode, the end tidal value, respiratory rate, inspired CO2 and CO2 error messages, are
continually transmitted at one second intervals. CO2 waveform data is also continually transmitted 48
times per second.
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NOVACOM1 Interface
To enter CO2 Waveform mode, the computer must send an ASCII “3” character. The CO2SMO will echo
the “3” followed by a <cr><lf> and then enable communication. The data format is:
ME***R***I**Y**<cr><lf> (sent once a second)
c++<cr><lf>
(sent 48 times a second)
where:
M - Event Marker identifier, “M”= event marked, “-”= no event,
E - an identifier for a 3-digit ASCII CO2 value to follow,
R - an identifier for a 3-digit ASCII Resp. rate value to follow,
I - an identifier for the 2-digit ASCII Insp. CO2 value to follow,
Y - an identifier for a 2-digit ASCII CO2 status (error) value
*** - a 3-digit ASCII value,
** - a 2-digit ASCII value,
c - an identifier for a 2-digit waveform data point to follow,
++ - a 2-digit ASCII value (in the range 0-99),
<cr><lf> is a carriage return, line-feed sequence.
The Y** (CO2-Error message) value represents the current status of the parameter. A value of “00”is
returned if no error is active. Refer to “Mode 1 — Real Time” on page 99 for a complete list of error
messages.
To exit CO2 Waveform mode, the computer must send an ASCII “x” or “X” character. The CO2SMO will
echo “x” and stop communication.
Mode 4 — SpO2 Waveform
In SpO2 Waveform mode, the saturation, pulse rate, and SpO2 display messages, are continually
transmitted at one second intervals. Plethysmogram waveform data is also continually transmitted 48
times a second.
To enter SpO2 Waveform mode, the computer must send an ASCII “4” character. The CO2SMO will echo
the “4” followed by a <cr><lf> and then enable communication.
The data format is,
MS***P***Z**<cr><lf> (sent once a second)
p++<cr><lf>
(sent 48 times a second)
where;
M - Event Marker identifier, “M”= event marked, “-”= no event,
S - an identifier for a 3-digit ASCII SpO2 value to follow,
P - an identifier for a 3-digit ASCII Pulse rate value to follow,
Z - an identifier for a 2-digit ASCII SpO2 status value
*** - a 3-digit ASCII value,
** - a 2-digit ASCII value,
p - an identifier for a 2-digit waveform data point to follow,
++ - a 2-digit ASCII value (in the range 0-99),
<cr><lf> is a carriage return, line-feed sequence.
The Z** (SpO2-message) value represents the current status of the parameter. A value of “00”is returned
if no error is active. Refer to “Mode 1 — Real Time” on page 99 for a complete list of error messages.
To exit SpO2 Waveform mode, the computer must send an ASCII “x” or “X” character. The CO2SMO will
echo “x” and stop communication.
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Mode 5 — Dual Waveform
In Dual Waveform mode, the end tidal CO2, respiratory rate, inspired CO2 values, saturation values, and
respiration rate are continually transmitted at one second intervals.
To enter dual waveform mode, the computer must send an ASCII “5” character. The CO2SMO will echo
the “5” followed by a <cr><lf> and then enable communication.
The data format is,
MS***P***Y**S***P***Z**<cr><lf> (sent once a second)
c++p++<cr><lf>
(sent 48 times a second)
where;
M - Event Marker identifier, “M”= event marked, “-”= no event,
E - an identifier for the a 3-digit ASCII CO2 value to follow,
R - an identifier for the 3-digit ASCII Resp. rate value to follow,
I - an identifier for the 2-digit ASCII Inspired CO2 value to follow,
Y - an identifier for a 2-digit ASCII CO2 status (message) value
S - an identifier for a 3-digit ASCII SpO 2 value to follow,
P - an identifier for a 3-digit ASCII Pulse value to follow,
Z - an identifier for a 2-digit ASCII SpO2 status (message) value
*** - a 3-digit ASCII value,
** - a 2-digit ASCII value,
c - an identifier for a 2-digit waveform data point to follow,
++ - a 2-digit ASCII value (in the range 0-99),
p - an identifier for a 2-digit waveform data point to follow,
++ - a 2-digit ASCII value (in the range 0-99),
<cr><lf> - a carriage return, line-feed sequence.
Mode 6 — Trend Dump
Trend data is transmitted as a succession of records. The record size for CO 2SMO is 40 bytes of
hexadecimal ASCII data. A record can be one of two types, an INFO record or a DATA record. The INFO
record contains monitor information such as time of day, date, limit settings, and units. The DATA record
contains ETCO2, respiration rate, inspired CO2, event marker, audio disable, SpO2, and pulse rate values.
The first record sent is always an INFO record. This record reflects the oldest data in the buffer, then
records would continue being sent in chronological order from the oldest record to the newest record. In
normal monitoring use, an INFO record would be followed by 15 data records, followed by another INFO
record and then another 15 data records, etc. Turning the monitor off, or changing the limits will disrupt
this sequence. When this occurs a new INFO record will be sent and indicate the time and date, along
with the current limits. At this point, unless another exception occurs, the next INFO record will be
followed by 15 DATA records.
An INFO record can be distinguished from a DATA record by the first byte of the record. The first byte
of an INFO record is FF, the first byte of a DATA record is 00-C8 (0-200 decimal), or FB (pen lift or no
data available). Any other values are not applicable. The DATA record uses 8 data points per parameter,
at 8 second resolution, for a total of 64 seconds of trend data per data record.
To request trend dump, the computer must send an ASCII “6” character. The monitor echoes back the
“6” character and transmits the first INFO record.
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The Mode 6 data format is:
INFO record:
byte 0
T****************************************
****************************************<cr><lf>
byte 39
where:
T- Trend mode identifier
**-INFO byte, starting at byte 0 and ending at byte 39 (see below)
byte -0
flag byte = FF for INFO record
byte-1
information type (FE-power on, FD-limit change,
FC-time stamp)
byte-2
model code = 1
byte-3
CO2 units (0=mmHg, 1=Kpa, 2=%)
byte-4
seconds 00-36 (0-59 decimal)
byte-5
minute 00-36 (0-59 decimal)
byte-6
hour 00-17 (0-23 decimal)
byte-7
day 01- 1F (1-31 decimal)
byte-8
month 01-0C (1-12 decimal)
byte-9
year 00-63 (0-99 decimal)
byte-10
End Tidal limit, high
byte-11
End Tidal limit, low
byte-12
Resp. Rate limit, high
byte-13
Resp. Rate limit, low
byte-14
SpO2 limit, high
byte-15
SpO2 limit, low
byte-16
Heart Rate limit, high
byte-17
Heart Rate limit, low
byte-18
through
byte-39
unused
<cr> - carriage return
<lf> - line feed
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DATA record:
byte 0
T****************
****************
****************
****************
****************<cr><lf>
byte 39
T - Trend mode identifier
**-DATA byte, starting at byte 0 and ending at byte 39 (see below)
byte 0-7
8 byte ETCO2 data, range: units mmHg 0-100, units
Kpa 0-133,units % 0-133, 251-no data available over
period (pen lift)
byte 8-15
8 byte respiration rate data, range: 0-150, 251 - no data
available over period.
byte 16-23
8 byte inspired data, range: 0-30, 31 - no data available
over period. EVENT marker on if MSB is set. AUDIO
off is 2nd MSB is set.
byte 24-31
8 byte SpO2 data, range: 1-100, 0-no data available.
byte 32-39
8 byte pulse rate data, range: 0-250, 251 - no data
available over period.
<cr> - carriage return
<lf> - line feed
Mode d — Date and Time
Date and Time mode causes the CO2SMO to transmit, on request, the date and time as calculated by the
monitor’s internal calendar clock.
To request the date and time, the computer must send an ASCII “d” character. The monitor echoes back
the “d” character and sends the date and time on the same line. The Mode d data format is;
d•MMM/DD/YY•hh:mm:ss<cr><lf>
where;
d - the echoed command character
• - is an ASCII space character
MMM - a 3-character month (Jan, Dec),
DD - a 2-digit ASCII day (01, 31),
YY - the last 2-digits of the year (1990 is 90),
hh - a 2-digit hour based on a 24 hour clock (00, 23),
mm - a 2-digit minute,
ss - a 2-digit second,
<cr><lf> is a carriage return, line-feed sequence.
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Selecting NOVACOM1 Interface
Mode c — Clear Trends
Clear Trends mode allows the user to remotely clear the CO2SMO trend memory This action has the same
result as the monitor’s Clear Trend function in that trend memory and the Trend Page displays are cleared.
Note: Use this remote Clear Trends function with care as there is no way to undo the clear command once
issued.
To clear the CO2SMO trend memory, the computer must send an ASCII “c” character. The CO2SMO will
echo the “c” followed by a <cr><lf> and then the trend memory will be cleared.
Selecting NOVACOM1 Interface
To configure the CO2SMO to work with the NOVACOM1 computer Interface:
1.
Press and hold the MENU key for 3-seconds. CO2 SETUP OPTIONS appears.
2.
Repeatedly press the NEXT key until MONITOR OPTIONS 2 appears.
3.
Press the SER (serial interface) key and the currently selected interface appears.
Available interfaces include INTERFACE UNUSED, PRINTER INTERFACE, NOVACOM1
INTERFACE, ANALOG MODULE INTERFACE, MEMORY CARD INTERFACE,
TELECAP INTERFACE, and TELESAT INTERFACE.
4.
Press PREV (previous) or NEXT to select NOVACOM1 INTERFACE.
5.
Press the SET key.
The NOVACOM1 Interface is selected.
6.
Press RUN to return to the Main Menu.
Selecting Analog Module Interface
To configure the CO2SMO to work with the Analog Module.
Rev. 04
1.
Press and hold the MENU key for 3-seconds. CO2 SETUP OPTIONS appears.
2.
Repeatedly press the NEXT key until MONITOR OPTIONS 2 appears.
3.
Press the SER (serial interface) key and the currently selected interface appears.
Available interfaces include INTERFACE UNUSED, PRINTER INTERFACE, NOVACOM1
INTERFACE, ANALOG MODULE INTERFACE, MEMORY CARD INTERFACE,
TELECAP INTERFACE, and TELESAT INTERFACE.
4.
Press PREV (previous) or NEXT to select ANALOG MODULE INTERFACE.
5.
Press the SET key.
The Analog Module interface is selected.
6.
Press RUN to return to the Main Menu.
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Selecting Analog Module Interface
Connecting the Analog Module
The CO2SMO must be configured for Analog Module Interface to operate with the Analog Output
Module. See “Selecting Analog Module Interface” on page 105.
1.
Connect the Analog Output Module to the monitor’s rear panel RS232 connector.
2.
Tighten the two spring loaded screws that secure the Analog Module to the rear panel.
3.
Connect the interface cable to the Analog Module’s 15 pin connector.
The Interface Cable PN: 6045-00 connects to the 15 pin D connector on the Analog Module then
terminates to six twisted pair wires. The six twisted pair wires on the open end of the interface
cable correspond to channels 0-5 as listed below. Connect these wires to the analog recorder.
Channel
Parameter
Pin No.
Wire Pair
Specifications
0
End Tidal Value
1
Black/White
10 mv=1 Torr
1
Resp. Rate
3
Brown/White
7mv=1 breath/min
2
Capnogram
5
Red/White
10mv=Torr
3
Saturation Value
7
Orange/White
10mv=1%
4
Heart Rate
9
Yellow/White
4mv=beat/min
5
Plethysmogram
11
Green/White
not scaled (1v max)
-
Alert Output
15
-
active low
The White wire on all twisted pairs is the reference (ground).
Calibrating External Recorder
To set up external devices such as strip chart recorders by outputting zero, mid, and full scale reference
voltages for each parameter. The Analog Module Interface must be programmed in order to proceed. See
“Selecting Analog Module Interface” on page 105 and “Connecting the Analog Module” on page 106.
106
1.
Press and hold the MENU key for 3-seconds. CO2 SETUP OPTIONS appears.
2.
Repeatedly press the NEXT key until MONITOR OPTIONS 2 appears.
3.
Press the REC key, CALIBRATE RECORDER appears.
If the Analog Module has not been programmed as a serial interface the REC will not appear.
See “Selecting Analog Module Interface” on page 105.
4.
Press ZERO, HALF, or FULL as desired.
Press ZERO for zeroing all channels, this will program zero volts on all parameter channels.
Press HALF for half scale, each parameter will be set to 0.5 volts.
Press FULL for full scale, each parameter will be set to 1.0 volts.
5.
Press RUN or PREV as desired.
Press RUN to return to the Main Menu.
Press PREV to return to MONITOR OPTIONS 2 menu.
CO2SMO User’s Manual
Rev. 04
External Devices
The NOVACARD Memory Module
The NOVACARD Memory Module
The CO2SMO can store patient trend information and waveforms into a memory card through the use of
the NOVACARD Memory Module. The NOVACARD Memory Module connects to CO2SMO’s rear panel
RS232 connector, see “Selecting NOVACARD Interface” on page 107.The information stored in the
memory card can then be read by a computer using the NOVACARD Reader. For more information on the
NOVACARD Memory Module reference NOVACARD Memory Module Operator’s Manual (Cat. No.
5962-23). For more information on the NOVACARD Reader reference NOVACARD Reader Operator’s
Manual (Cat No. 6062-23).
Selecting NOVACARD Interface
To configure the CO2SMO to operate with the NOVACARD Memory Module.
1.
Press and hold the MENU key for 3-seconds. CO2 SETUP OPTIONS appears.
2.
Repeatedly press the NEXT key until MONITOR OPTIONS 2 appears.
3.
Press the SER (serial interface) key and the currently selected interface appears.
Available interfaces include INTERFACE UNUSED, PRINTER INTERFACE, NOVACOM1
INTERFACE, ANALOG MODULE INTERFACE, NOVA CARD INTERFACE, TELECAP
INTERFACE, and TELESAT INTERFACE.
4.
Press PREV (previous) or NEXT to select NOVACARD INTERFACE.
5.
Press RUN to return to the Main Menu.
When NOVACARD Interface is selected, a CARD softkey is added to the SYSTEM OPTIONS
menu. A STORE WAVEFORM TO CARD? prompt appears when the EVENT key is pressed and
the waveform is frozen.
Connecting the NOVACARD Module
The CO2SMO must be configured for NOVACARD Interface to operate with the NOVACARD Memory
Module. See “Selecting NOVACARD Interface” on page 107.
1.
Connect the NOVACARD Memory Module to the monitor’s rear panel RS232 connector.
2.
Tighten the two spring-loaded screws that secure the module to the rear panel.
Ensure that there are no cards inserted at this time to allow access to the spring-loaded mounting screws.
Selecting TeleCap Interface
To select the Telecap Interface for the CO2SMO:
Rev. 04
1.
Press and hold the MENU key for 3-seconds. CO2 SETUP OPTIONS appears.
2.
Repeatedly press the NEXT key until MONITOR OPTIONS 2 appears.
3.
Press the SER (serial interface) key and the currently selected interface appears.
Available interfaces include INTERFACE UNUSED, PRINTER INTERFACE, NOVACOM1
INTERFACE, ANALOG MODULE INTERFACE, MEMORY CARD INTERFACE,
TELECAP INTERFACE, and TELESAT INTERFACE.
CO2SMO User’s Manual
107
Section 14
Selecting TeleSat Interface
4.
Press PREV (previous) or NEXT to select TELECAP INTERFACE.
The Telecap interface is now selected for the CO2SMO.
5.
Press RUN to return to the Main Menu.
Selecting TeleSat Interface
To select the TeleSat Interface for the CO2SMO.
1.
Press and hold the MENU key for 3-seconds. CO2 SETUP OPTIONS appears.
2.
Repeatedly press the NEXT key until MONITOR OPTIONS 2 appears.
3.
Press the SER (serial interface) key and the currently selected interface appears.
Available interfaces include INTERFACE UNUSED, PRINTER INTERFACE, NOVACOM1
INTERFACE, ANALOG MODULE INTERFACE, MEMORY CARD INTERFACE,
TELECAP INTERFACE, and TELESAT INTERFACE.
4.
Press PREV (previous) or NEXT to select TELESAT INTERFACE.
The TeleSat interface is now selected for the CO2SMO.
5.
Press RUN to return to the Main Menu.
Rear Panel RS232C Pinout
The CO2SMO rear panel RS232C connector’s pinout is illustrated below.
5-RS232 High reference
CTS (Clear to Send)-6
Ground reference-7
+5 volts DC-25
RS232 Low reference-20
3-Transmit
2-Receive
14-Unregulated
DC Supply
19-TTL level transmit
108
CO2SMO User’s Manual
Rev. 04
Section 15
Maintenance
This section contains CO2SMO monitor and accessory maintenance information.
Cleaning and Sterilization
Follow the cleaning and sterilization instructions listed below to clean and/or sterilize the monitor and its
accessories.
Monitor
•
•
•
•
Turn the monitor off and unplug the line cord from the AC power source before cleaning.
The monitor can be cleaned and disinfected with solutions such as a 70% isopropyl alcohol, 2%
gluteraldehyde, or 10% bleach solution. Then wipe down with a water-dampened clean cloth to
rinse. Dry before use.
Do not immerse the monitor.
Do not attempt to sterilize the monitor.
SpO2 Finger Sensor
•
•
•
•
•
•
The sensor can be cleaned and disinfected with solutions such as a 70% isopropyl alcohol, 2%
gluteraldehyde, or 10% bleach solution. Then wipe down with a water-dampened clean cloth to
rinse. Dry before use.
Make certain that the finger sensor windows are clean and dry before reuse.
Do not immerse the finger sensor.
Do not attempt to sterilize the finger sensor.
After cleaning the finger sensor, verify that the sensor is physically intact, with no broken or
frayed wires or damaged parts. Make certain that the connectors are clean and dry, with no signs
of contamination or corrosion. Do not use a broken or damaged sensor or one with wet,
contaminated or corroded connectors.
Perform a “Quick Check” to verify the integrity of the sensor (See “Finger Sensor Quick Check”
on page 35).
SpO2 Y-Sensor
•
Rev. 04
Do not immerse connector on the Y-Sensor.
CO2SMO User’s Manual
109
Section 15
Cleaning and Sterilization
•
•
•
•
•
The Y-Sensor may be immersed—up to, but not including, the connector, in a 2% gluteraldehyde
solution, or 10% bleach solution. Refer to manufacturer’s instructions and standard hospital
protocols to determine recommended times for disinfection and sterilization.
Rinse thoroughly with water and dry before use (do not rinse the connector).
Do not attempt to sterilize Y-Sensor except as stated above.
After cleaning or sterilizing the Y-Sensor, verify that the sensor is physically intact, with no
broken or frayed wires or damaged parts. Make certain that the connectors are clean and dry, with
no signs of contamination or corrosion. Do not use a broken or damaged sensor or one with wet,
contaminated, or corroded connectors.
Perform a “Quick Check” to verify the integrity of the sensor (See “Y-Sensor Quick Check” on
page 41).
SpO2 Y-Strip Tapes and Foam Wraps
•
Treat Y-Strip Tapes and foam wraps in accordance with hospital protocol for single-patient use
items.
Ear Clip
•
•
Do not immerse the ear clip
Clean the ear clip with a cloth dampened with 70% isopropyl alcohol. After cleaning wipe the ear
clip down thoroughly with a clean water-dampened cloth to rinse.
CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor
•
•
•
•
Clean the sensor surface with a damp cloth.
Ensure the sensor windows are clean and dry.
Do not immerse the CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor.
Do not attempt to sterilize the CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor.
Reusable Adult Airway Adapter
•
•
•
The Adult Airway Adapter (Cat. No. 7007) may be cleaned by rinsing in a warm soapy solution,
followed by soaking in a liquid disinfectant, or pasteurized, or cold sterilized (gluteraldehyde). It
should then be rinsed out with sterile water and dried.
The Adult Airway Adapter (Cat. No. 7007) may be sterilized using steam autoclave or ETO
(ethylene oxide) gas methods. Be sure to use appropriate aeration times.
Before reusing the adapter, ensure the windows are dry and residue-free, and that the adapter has
not been damaged during handling or by the cleaning/sterilization process.
Reusable Neonatal Airway Adapter
•
110
The Neonatal Airway Adapter (Cat. No. 7053) may be cleaned by rinsing in a warm soapy
solution, followed by soaking in a liquid disinfectant, or pasteurized, or cold sterilized
(gluteraldehyde). It should then be rinsed out with sterile water and dried.
CO2SMO User’s Manual
Rev. 04
Maintenance
Cleaning and Sterilization
•
•
The Neonatal Airway Adapter (Cat. No. 7053) may be sterilized by ETO (ethylene oxide) gas. Be
sure to use appropriate aeration times.
Before reusing the adapter, ensure the windows are dry and residue-free, and that the adapter has
not been damaged during handling or by the cleaning/sterilization process.
External Sampling System Components
•
•
The Nasal Sampling Cannulas are single-patient use.
The Sampling Airway Adapter with tubing (Cat. No. 5843) may be cleaned by rinsing in a warm
soapy solution, followed by soaking in a liquid disinfectant. It should then be rinsed out with
sterile water and dried.
Single Patient Use Airway Adapters
•
Treat all single patient use airway adapters in accordance with hospital protocol for single patient
use items.
Internal Sampling System Components
Acceptable fluids for cleaning/sterilizing the internal pneumatic parts of the Sampling System include;
Isopropyl alcohol, Cidex1 or equivalent, or a 5.25% water solution by weight of sodium hypochlorite
(bleach).
CAUTION
Do not attempt to pump cleaning/sterilizing liquid with the sampling pump. This may cause accelerated
wear on the pump bearings. Always flush liquids with a syringe as described in the following instructions.
To clean/sterilize the pumping system:
1.
Turn the monitor off and disconnect the line cord.
2.
Remove both the Sampling Inlet tubing set and the Sampling Exhaust tubing (if any).
3.
Attach an exhaust port line (1/8 inch or 3/16 inch I.D. tubing) from the Sampling Exhaust port to a
suitable container located below the bottom level of the monitor.
4.
Use a 60 cc catheter tip syringe. Fit it to the Sampling Inlet connector. Flush the sterilizing solution
slowly through the pumping system. Push the entire 60 cc of solution through the Sampling Inlet. Repeat
this process two (2) more times—a total of 180 cc of solution.
5.
Remove the syringe and leave the cleaning/sterilizing fluid within the sampling pump system for 30
minutes. This will disinfect. Follow sterilant manufacturers instructions for sterilization times.
6.
After 30 minutes, fill the syringe with distilled water and flush the system three (3) times. Allow the
cleaning/sterilization solution and distilled water to drain through the Sampling Exhaust output.
7.
Push several syringes of air slowly through the system to ensure that most of the liquid has been drained.
8.
Follow this with at least three (3) more pushes of distilled water, followed by at least two (2) more pushes
of air to ensure that most of the distilled water has been drained.
1 Cidex is a trademark of Arbook, Inc.
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CO2SMO User’s Manual
111
Section 15
Maintenance Schedules
9.
Remove the syringe from the unit. Do not connect the Sampling Inlet tubing. Connect the line cord and
turn the monitor on. Allow the sampling pump to operate for several minutes. This will help to remove
any trapped water.
10.
Connect a Sampling Tubing set to the Sampling Inlet.
11.
Block the open end of the tubing with your finger. Alternate blocking and unblocking the tubing end at
least ten (10) times. Use a quick, brisk motion when blocking and unblocking the tubing. Keep the tubing
blocked and unblocked for several seconds at a time.
12.
Repeat the same blocking and unblocking action with your finger on the Sampling Exhaust port.
13.
Allow the Sampling System to run for at least 30 minutes without the Sampling Assembly tubing and the
Sampling Exhaust tubing (if any) connected. This will speed dry the system pneumatics.
14.
Once these cleaning/sterilization instructions have been completed, normal Sampling System operation
can be resumed. See “Sampling Airway Adapter” on page 25.
Maintenance Schedules
When the monitor powers up a self test is performed which checks the internal electronics of the monitor.
If this self test fails, remove the monitor from use and contact qualified service personnel.
The monitor should undergo routine inspection and safety checks on a quarterly basis or according to
hospital protocol. The CO2SMO Service Manual (Catalog No. 5758-90) contains procedures and safety
test instructions, component parts lists, circuit diagrams, theory of operation and other information to
assist qualified service personnel in servicing the monitor.
Battery Maintenance
If the monitor has not been used or powered by AC mains for an extended time2 (3 months or more) allow
the battery to charge for 12 hours before use. The monitor may not power up on battery power if the
battery is not sufficiently charged. Allow the battery to charge for 12 hours before initial use, refer to the
following diagram for charging instructions.
To charge the battery, connect the line cord to an AC source and set the rear panel power switch ON (|).
Check that the front panel
icon is green. Charge the battery for 12 hours.
2 The internal battery may slowly discharge over long periods of non-use.
112
CO2SMO User’s Manual
Rev. 04
Maintenance
Mains Voltage Configuration
If the battery requires replacement refer to the CO2SMO Service Manual (Catalog No. 5758-90) for
instructions. Have this procedure performed by qualified service personnel only, there are no user
serviceable parts inside the monitor.
Mains Voltage Configuration
The rear panel power entry module indicates the mains voltage setting for the monitor. Check that the
voltage is correct before attaching the AC line cord and powering the monitor. The CO2SMO can be set
to operate from 100-120 VAC 50/60Hz or 200-240VAC 50/60Hz.
Instructions for fuse replacement and changing the mains voltage setting follow.
CAUTION
Replace fuses with same type and rating. Verify proper fuse value for mains voltage setting (see table
below).
Fuse Replacement
1.
Check that the monitor is OFF.
2.
Set the rear panel power entry module switch to OFF (“O”). Remove the AC line cord from the power
entry module.
3.
Using a flat blade screwdriver, pry the fuse access door open to expose the fuse housing. Note the
orientation of the fuse housing (this determines the mains operating voltage).
Mains Voltage
Fuses (Slo Blo)
100-120 Vac
0.5 A 250V
200-240 Vac
250mA 250V
Power entry module
Fuse housing
Fuse access door
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CO2SMO User’s Manual
113
Section 15
Mains Voltage Configuration
4.
Pry the fuse housing out from the power entry module.
Fuse housing
NOTE: 5 mm X 20 mm fuses are
installed toward the “back” of the
fuse housing as shown
OR
3AG type
5 X 20mm type
5.
Replace the blown fuse(s) with the proper type and rating.
6.
Reinstall the fuse housing. When positioning the housing into the power entry module make sure that it
is oriented correctly. Press the fuse housing back into the power entry module.
7.
Close the fuse access door and verify that the proper mains operating voltage is displayed.
Line operating voltage
115V
114
CO2SMO User’s Manual
Rev. 04
Section 16
Specifications
General
Specifications for the Novametrix CO 2 SMO ETCO 2 /SpO 2 Monitor, Model 7100, are listed for
informational purposes only, and are subject to change without notice.
Capnograph
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Principle of Operation: Non-Dispersive Infrared (NDIR) absorption, dual wavelength ratiometricTrue Single Beam Optics
Sensor Type: “Mainstream” system eliminates the need for and cost of sample lines, water traps,
and waste gas scavenging
Warm-up Time: Operational in 30 seconds, 20 minutes to full specification.
Response Time: Less than 75 ms
Calibration: Simple one step calibration (less than 20 seconds)
O2/N2O Compensation: Operator selectable
Barometric Pressure Compensation: Automatic and manual over-ride (range 550-780 mmHg)1
CAPNOSTAT® CO2 Sensor and Airway Adapter:
Weight: Less than 2 oz. (57 grams) without cable
Sensor Size: 1 3/4 x 1 1/2 x 3/4 inches, 10 foot cable (4.45 x 3.81 x 1.91 cm, 3.05 m cable)
Construction: Durable high performance plastic, ultra-flexible cable
Shock Resistant: Sensor will withstand a 6 foot drop to a tile floor
Airway Adapter: Disposable or reusable, less than 5 cc deadspace, meets ANSI Z-79
End Tidal CO2
Range: 0-100 mmHg, CO2 partial pressure
Accuracy: 0-40 mmHg ± 2 mmHg, 41-100 mmHg 5% of reading
Stability: ± 2 mmHg
Display Resolution: 0-50 mmHg scale 0.9 mmHg, 0-75 mmHg scale 0.6 mmHg
Respiratory Rate
Range: 0-150 br./min
Accuracy: ± 1 br./min
1. Monitors with version 1.9 software do not have automatic barometric pressure compensation, pressure compensation is
manually selectable from 550-780 mmHg. Monitors with version 1.9 software are identified by an “L” in the serial number
suffix.
Rev. 04
CO2SMO User’s Manual
115
Section 16
Oximeter
Oximeter
•
•
Oxygen Saturation
Range: 0-100%
Accuracy: 80-100% ± 2%, 0-79% unspecified (Approximately 68% of the observations are within
the accuracy claim.)
Display Resolution: 1%
Averaging Time: Menu selectable 2 or 8 seconds
Pulse Rate
Range: 30-250 beats per minute (bpm)
Accuracy: ± 1% of full scale (Approximately 68% of the observations are within the accuracy claim.)
Display Resolution: 1 bpm
Averaging Time: fixed at 8 seconds
Monitor Specifications
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Operating Environment: 50-104° F (10-40° C), 0-90% relative humidity (non-condensing)
Size: Height 3.3 in. (8.38 cm), Width 9 in. (22.86 cm), Depth 8 in. (20.32 cm)
Weight: 8 pounds (3.63 kg)
Power: 100-120/200-240 VAC, 50-60 Hz, 40VA
Fuse Rating: 100-120 VAC, 0.5 A 250 V Slo-Blo (x2); 200-240 VAC, T 250 mA/250 V (x2)
Battery: Lead-acid gel-cell, 2 hour life (on-screen life indicator), recharge 12 hours
Display: SuperBright™ 1.5 x 5 inch (3.08 x 12.7 cm) Cold Cathode Display (CCD)
Additional Features
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
116
Audible SpO2 Trend Feature: Pitch of Pulse Rate “beep” tracks the SpO2 value, user selectable.
Alert Limits: Operator selectable, automatic or menu selected High and Low limits for ETCO 2,
Respiratory Rate, SpO2 and Pulse Rate. Visible alert is immediate, audible alert occurs 10 seconds
after violation of set limit
2-Minute Silence: When AUDIO key is pressed, deactivates audible alerts for two minutes.
Indicated by illuminated
(2 minute LED)
Audio Off: Press and hold AUDIO key for 3 seconds to deactivate audible alerts. Indicated by
flashing
(Audio Off LED)
Trend Memory: 24 hour trend memory capacity. Battery backed. On-screen 12 hr., 8 hr., 2 hr., or
30 minute graphical and histogram displays. User defined Events are stored in memory. Trend and
Histogram information can be printed.
Digital Data Output: Serial (RS232) data output compatible with Hewlett-Packard ThinkJet
Printer, Seiko DPU-411 Thermal Printer, Computer Interface
Analog Output Module (Optional): Provides outputs for strip chart recorder applications CO2 10
mV/Torr, Respiratory Rate 7 mV/br./min., Capnogram 0-1.0 V max, SpO2 10 mv/%, Pulse Rate
4 mV/bpm, Plethysmogram 0-1 V max
Sampling System: Standard. Allows gas sampling of non-intubated patients
Neonatal Airway Adapter: Less than 0.5 cc deadspace
Internal Real Time Clock
Alert Bar
NOVACARD Interface for data archiving (optional)
CO2SMO User’s Manual
Rev. 04
Section 17
Accessories
CO2SMO Capnograph and Pulse Oximeter
Catalog No. Description
CO2SMO is a combined Capnograph and Pulse Oximeter Monitor. It provides reliable
mainstream measurement and display of end tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO2) and respiratory
rate. The CAPNOSTAT® CO2 Sensor features rugged solid-state construction and is small and
lightweight. Reusable, sterilizable low dead-space airway adapters are available for monitoring
adults, neonates and non-intubated patients. CO2SMO’s pulse oximeter provides reliable
measurement and display of the percentage of oxygen saturation of arterial blood (SpO2) and
pulse rate. Reusable finger and Y-Sensors™ are available for adult, pediatric and neonatal
monitoring applications. The monitor provides a selectable capnographic or plethysmographic
waveform, on-screen trending and histogram display of ETCO2, respiratory rate, SpO2 and
pulse rate, for up to 24 hours. A calendar/clock allows events, and the time they occur, to be
marked in trend memory. RS232 computer and printer interfaces are standard. CO2SMO uses a
large SuperBright Cold Cathode Display (CCD), has a built-in combination kickstand and
bedrail hanger, and can operate from AC power or its internal two hour battery. A sampling
system for non-intubated patients is standard.
5758-00 CO2SMO ETCO2/SpO2 Monitor, Model 7100 with CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor
(Cat. No. 7167) and OxySnap™ SuperBright Finger Sensor (Cat. No. 8744)
CAP N O S TAT C O 2 S E N S O R
7167-00 CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor with Adult Airway Adapter (Cat. No. 7007) and (5 ea.)
Sensor Cable Holding Clips (Cat. No. 8751)
AI RWAY A DAP TE R S
7007-00 Adult Airway Adapters (10 per box)
7053-00 Neonatal Airway Adapters (10 per box)
5843-01 Sampling Airway Adapters with tubing (1 per box)
5843-30 Sampling Airway Adapters with tubing (3 per box)
5843-50 Sampling Airway Adapters with tubing (5 per box)
5843-00 Sampling Adapters with tubing (10 per box)
6063-00 Pediatric/Adult Single Patient Use Airway Adapters (10 per box)
6063-25 Pediatric/Adult Single Patient Use Airway Adapters (25 per box)
6421-00 Pediatric/Adult Single Patient Use Airway Adapters with mouthpiece (10 per box)
Rev. 04
CO2SMO User’s Manual
117
Section 17
CO2SMO Capnograph and Pulse Oximeter
Catalog No. Description
6421-25 Pediatric/Adult Single Patient Use Airway Adapters with mouthpiece (25 per box)
6312-00 Neonatal/Pediatric Single Patient Use Airway Adapters (10 per box)
6312-25 Neonatal/Pediatric Single Patient Use Airway Adapters (25 per box)
SI NG L E PAT IE N T U S E A IRWAY AC CE S S O RI E S
8781 Nasal CO2 Sampling Cannula—Adult (10 per box)
8780 Nasal CO2 Sampling Cannula—Pediatric (10 per box)
8906 Nasal CO2 Sampling and O2 Delivery Cannula—Adult (10 per box)
8907 Nasal CO2 Sampling and O2 Delivery Cannula—Pediatric (10/box)
8908 Nafion® Dehumidification Tubing (10 per box)
8909 Sidestream Monitoring Kit for Pediatric Tracheostomy Patients (10 per box)
SI NG L E PAT I E NT US E S p O 2 S EN S O RS AN D C AB L E S
6455-00 Pediatric/Adult Single Patient Use SpO2 Sensor
Terminates in DB9 connector (10 per box)
6455-25 Pediatric/Adult Single Patient Use SpO2 Sensor
Terminates in DB9 connector (25 per box)
6480-00 Neonatal/Pediatric Single Patient Use SpO2 Sensor
Terminates in DB9 connector (10 per box)
6480-25 Neonatal/Pediatric Single Patient Use SpO2 Sensor
Terminates in DB9 connector (25 per box)
8933-00 DB9 Extension Cable
For use with Single Patient Use sensor above
8936-00 DB9/OxySnap Connector cable
Use to connect Single Patient Use sensors to OxySnap connector
OxySnap™ S p O 2 S E NS O R S
8793 OxySnap Y-Sensor (use with OxySnap Extension Cable)
8744 OxySnap Finger Sensor (use with OxySnap Extension Cable)
8853 OxySnap Extension Cable, 8 ft. (use with OxySnap sensors)
8898 OxySnap Long Extension Cable, 12 ft. (use with OxySnap sensors)
OxySnap S E NS O R AC QU IS I T IO N P L A NS
Select an OxySnap Finger Sensor or Y-Sensor Plan for each SuperBright™ Pulse Oximeter.
The plan you select determines the warranty period—12, 24 or 36 months.
How the Plans Work: Included in each Plan are TWO sensors—one for immediate use, the
other one for back-up. If a sensor becomes inoperative, place the back-up sensor into use and
return the inoperative sensor in the convenient pre-paid mailer. A replacement sensor will be
shipped within two business days of receipt of the inoperative sensor. This simple return/
replacement method will be used for the entire warranty period, thereby, guaranteeing your
costs and virtually eliminating sensor tracking hassles.
Warranty: The Plan warranty (not individual sensors) is 12, 24 or 36 months. Replacement
sensors provided under terms of the Plan shall carry the remaining Plan warranty—
replacements do not extend the warranty.
118
CO2SMO User’s Manual
Rev. 04
Accessories
CO2SMO Capnograph and Pulse Oximeter
Catalog No. Description
8793-12 Y-12 Plan The Plan warranty is 12 months.
Includes 3 boxes (your choice) of any Y-Strip Taping Systems
8793-24 Y-24 Plan The Plan warranty is 24 months.
Includes 6 boxes (your choice) of any Y-Strip Taping Systems
8793-36 Y-36 Plan The Plan warranty is 36 months.
Includes 9 boxes (your choice) of any Y-Strip Taping Systems
8744-24 Finger-24 Plan The Plan warranty is 24 months.
8744-36 Finger-36 Plan The Plan warranty is 36 months.
Y- SE N S O R AP P L I CATO R S ( t a pe s, w r a p s , ea rcli ps )
8828 20mm Wrap Style Taping System (100 per box)
Use on neonatal foot and hand, or on pediatric toe or finger
20mm tapes use Blue color coded liners
8829 25mm Wrap Style Taping System (100 per box)
Use on neonatal foot and hand
25mm tapes use Green color coded liners
8831 20mm Finger Style Taping System (100 per box)
Use on pediatric finger or on small adult finger
20mm tapes use Blue color coded liners
8832 25mm Finger Style Taping System (100 per box)
Use on adult finger
25mm tapes use Green color coded liners
6929 Adhesive Foam Wraps - Large (25 per box)
6968 Adhesive Foam Wraps - Small (25 per box)
8836 Non-Adhesive Foam Wraps - Large (25 per box)
8943 Non-Adhesive Foam Wraps - Small (25 per box)
6131-50 Ear Clips (5 per box)
6131-25 Ear Clips (25 per box)
8700 Adhesive Dots (250 per box)
OT HE R S p O 2 S EN S O RS
8776 SuperBright™ Finger Sensor (10 ft. sensor cable)
8791 SuperBright™ Y-Sensor (10 ft. sensor cable)
8789 Special Use SuperBright™ Finger Sensor (8 inch sensor cable)
5238 Special Use SuperBright™ Finger Sensor & 25 ft. shielded cable
PR IN T E RS
9140-00 Seiko DPU-414 Thermal Printer, with battery pack
5140-00 Hewlett-Packard ThinkJet Printer (discontinued)
9028-00 Cable to Seiko DPU-414 Printer, 9 to 15 pin, (Model 511M)
9085-00 Cable to Seiko DPU-414 Printer, 9 to 25 pin, (Model 515A/520A/860/1265/7100)
Rev. 04
CO2SMO User’s Manual
119
Section 17
CO2SMO Capnograph and Pulse Oximeter
Catalog No. Description
9086-00 Cable to Seiko DPU-414 Printer, 9 to 9 pin, (Model 610)
5331 Cable to Hewlett-Packard ThinkJet Printer
300013 Hewlett-Packard ThinkJet Printer Ink Cartridge
300014 Hewlett-Packard ThinkJet Printer Paper (2500 sheets Z-fold)
300017 Seiko DPU-414/411 Thermal Printer Paper (5 rolls per box)
400051 Seiko Battery Pack
400052 AC Adapter, 120 VAC
400053 AC Adapter, 100 VAC
400054 AC Adapter, 230 VAC
ACC E SS O R IE S
6064-00 NovaCARD Startup Kit (includes 1 each, Writer module, Reader module, SRAM Memory
Card (128k), and NovaCARD for MS-DOS® software). NovaCARD—Computer Archive,
Recall and Display—is a hardware/software combination that allows users to transfer patient
trend data, user-stored waveforms, and monitored parameter values, from supported
Novametrix monitors to a personal computer.
5962-00 NovaCARD Writer Module (connects to Novametrix monitor)
6062-00 NovaCARD Reader Module (includes power supply and cable to PC serial port)
6065-00 NovaCARD for Windows® (3½” disk and RTU license)
6066-07 NovaCARD for MS-DOS® (3½” disk and RTU license)
6068-07 SRAM Memory Card, 128k-byte
600048 Cable, connects NovaCARD Reader to PC (6 ft)
600049 Cable, PC Serial Port adapter (25-to-9 pin, 1 ft)
6064-81 NovaCARD warranty extended an additional 1 year at time of purchase, hardware only,
SRAM cards not included.
9622 Analog Module (includes RS232 pass-thru)
7106-10 Transport Pouch (for CO2SMO)
7104-10 Side Pouch for accessories (included with monitor)
8751 CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor Cable Holding Clips (50 per box)
600026 Power Cord (included with monitor)
4941 Saturation Sensor Extension Cable—4 feet
4942 Saturation Sensor Extension Cable—6 feet
4943 Saturation Sensor Extension Cable—10 feet
5266 Saturation Sensor Extension Cable—25 feet
5334 Cable Serial Output to Personal Computer (with 25-pin connector)
5335 Cable Serial Output to Personal Computer (with 9-pin connector)
4832 Cable RS232/SARA/SARAcap Interface
Custom Cables—Consult factory for specifications and pricing
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CO2SMO User’s Manual
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Accessories
CO2SMO Capnograph and Pulse Oximeter
Catalog No. Description
MO U NT IN G S Y S T E M S
140030 Wall Mount
140031 Wall Mount (less Wall Channel)
140032 Pivot Block Mount
140033 Transport Mount (without swivel head)
140034 Transport Mount (with swivel head)
140035 Countertop Mount 11 inch Base
140036 Countertop Mount 5 inch Base
140037 Portable Instrument Housing
140038 Rollstand
140082 T-Mount Bracket for Rollstand
EX T EN DE D WA RR AN TY
Normal warranty: Monitor & CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor—1 yr, Finger Sensor—6 mo
5758-81 CO2SMO Capnograph and Pulse Oximeter, Model 7100
(Total Warranty: Monitor—2 years)
5758-85 CO2SMO, Model 7100 with CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor (Cat. No. 7167)
(Total Warranty: Monitor—2 years, CAPNOSTAT—2 years,
Finger Sensor Cat. No. 8744—1 year)
7167-82 Additional 7167 when monitor is covered
(Total Warranty: CAPNOSTAT CO2 Sensor—2 years)
8744-83 Additional 8744 when monitor is covered
(Total Warranty: Finger Sensor—2 years)
BI OME D IC AL TE S T KI T
Service Test Kits include items and materials qualified service personnel may require to
determine the functional integrity and/or accuracy of the system.
5779-00 CO2SMO Service Test Kit, Model 7100
(Other kits available, contact Novametrix Service Department)
9999-96 “Focus” Technical Training Seminars
(For class schedules call: 1-800-243-3444 Ext. 2567)
Rev. 04
CO2SMO User’s Manual
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Section 17
CO2SMO Capnograph and Pulse Oximeter
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Section 18
Typical Capnogram Waveforms
Normal Waveform
The “normal” capnogram provides a waveform of changing levels of expired CO2.
50
B
C
mmHg
A
D
0
Waveform evaluation:
•
•
•
A-B: Ascending limb, expiratory portion, mixed deadspace and alveolar air with increasing
concentration of CO2. Normally starts at a baseline of zero.
B-C: Alveolar plateau contains mixed alveolar gas with End Tidal measured at C.
C-D: Descending limb, inspiratory portion, with decreasing concentration of CO 2. Normally
returns to a baseline of zero.
Cardiogenic Oscillations
Cardiogenic oscillations appear during the final phase of the alveolar plateau and during the descending
limb. They are caused by the heart beating against the lungs.
E.C.G.
Capnogram
Characteristics:
•
•
Rev. 04
Rhythmic and equal to heart rate
May be observed in pediatric patients mechanically ventilated at low respiratory rates with
prolonged expiratory times
CO2SMO User’s Manual
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Section 18
Hypoventilation
Hypoventilation
An increase in the level of the End Tidal CO2 from previous levels.
Hypoventilation
Possible Causes:
•
•
•
•
Decrease in respiratory rate
Decrease in tidal volume
Increase in metabolic rate
Rapid rise in body temperature (malignant hyperthermia)
Hyperventilation
An decrease in the level of the End Tidal CO2 from previous levels.
Hyperventilation
Possible Causes:
•
•
•
•
124
Increase in respiratory rate
Increase in tidal volume
Decrease in metabolic rate
Fall in body temperature
CO2SMO User’s Manual
Rev. 04
Typical Capnogram Waveforms
Muscle Relaxants
Muscle Relaxants
Clefts are seen in the final third portion of the alveolar plateau. They appear when the action of the muscle
relaxants are affected by spontaneous ventilation.
E.C.G.
Characteristics:
•
•
Depth of the cleft is inversely proportional to the degree of drug activity
Position fairly constant on same patient but may not be present in every capnogram
Rebreathing
Rebreathing is characterized by an elevation in the baseline with a corresponding increase in End Tidal
CO2. It indicates the rebreathing of the previously exhaled CO2.
Possible Causes:
•
•
•
•
•
Rev. 04
Insufficient expiratory time
Faulty expiratory valve
Inadequate inspiratory flow
Malfunction of a CO2 absorber system
Partial rebreathing circuits
CO2SMO User’s Manual
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Section 18
Obstruction in Breathing Circuit or Airway
Obstruction in Breathing Circuit or Airway
An obstruction to the expiratory gas flow noted as a change in the slope of the ascending limb of the
capnogram. The expiratory portion may diminish without a plateau.
Possible Causes:
•
•
•
•
•
Partial obstruction in the expiratory limb of the breathing circuit
Presence of a foreign body in the upper airway
Partially kinked or occluded artificial airway
Herniated endotracheal/tracheostomy tube cuff
Bronchospasm
Endotracheal Tube Kinked
Kinking
Waveform Evaluation:
•
126
Any obstruction will cause an abrupt change in the ascending limb resulting in either a diminished
plateau or no plateau. ETCO2 and slope will depend on the degree of obstruction.
CO2SMO User’s Manual
Rev. 04
Inadequate Seal Around Endothracheal Tube
Typical Capnogram Waveforms
Inadequate Seal Around Endothracheal Tube
A capnogram in which the downward slope of the plateau blends in with the descending limb.
Possible Causes:
•
•
A leaky or deflated endotracheal or tracheostomy cuff
An artificial airway that is too small for the patient
Endotracheal Tube in Esophagus
Waveform Evaluation:
•
A normal capnogram is the best available evidence that the ET tube is correctly positioned and
that ventilation is occurring. When the ET tube is placed in the esophagus, either no CO2 is sensed
or only small transient capnograms are present.
Faulty Ventilator Circuit Valve
Waveform Evaluation:
•
•
•
Rev. 04
Baseline elevated
Sloping descending limb of capnogram
Allows patient to rebreathe exhaled gas
CO2SMO User’s Manual
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Section 18
Faulty Ventilator Circuit Valve
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CO2SMO User’s Manual
Rev. 04
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