PI E463 Manual - Advanced Test Equipment Rentals

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E stablished 1981
PZ 67E User Manual
E-463
Release: 1.2.0
3-Channel HVPZT Amplifier
Date: 2004-12-07
This document describes the
following product(s):
„ E-463.00
3-Channel HVPZT Amplifier
© Physik Instrumente (PI) GmbH & Co. KG
Auf der Römerstr. 1 ⋅ 76228 Karlsruhe, Germany
Tel. +49 721 4846-0 ⋅ Fax: +49 721 4846-299
[email protected] ⋅ www.pi.ws
Declaration of
Conformity
according to ISO / IEC Guide 22 and EN 45014
Manufacturer:
Manufacturer´s
Address:
Physik Instrumente (PI)
GmbH & Co. KG
Auf der Römerstrasse 1
D-76228 Karlsruhe, Germany
The manufacturer hereby declares that the product
Product Name:
Model Numbers:
Product Options:
High-Voltage Amplifier
E-463.00
none
conforms to the following EMC Standards and normative
documents:
Electromagnetic Emission:
EN 61000-6-3, EN 55011
Electromagnetic Immunity:
EN 61000-6-1
Safety (Low Voltage Directive) :
EN 61010-1
August 24, 2004
Karlsruhe, Germany
Dr. Karl Spanner
President
Copyright 1999–2004 by Physik Instrumente (PI) GmbH & Co. KG, Karlsruhe, Germany.
The text, photographs and drawings in this manual enjoy copyright protection. With regard
thereto, Physik Instrumente (PI) GmbH & Co. KG reserves all rights. Use of said text,
photographs and drawings is permitted only in part and only upon citation of the source
First printing 2004-12-07
Document Number PZ 67E, Release 1.2.0
E-463_User_PZ67E120.doc
This manual has been provided for information only and product specifications are subject to
change without notice.
About this Document
Users of this Manual
This manual is designed to help the reader to install and operate the E-463 3-Channel HVPZT
Amplifier. It assumes that the reader has a fundamental understanding of basic electronics and
applicable safety procedures.
The manual describes the physical specifications and dimensions of the E-463 3-Channel
HVPZT Amplifier as well as the procedures which are required to put the associated motion
system into operation.
Updated releases are available via FTP or email: contact your Physik Instrumente sales
engineer or write [email protected]
Conventions
The notes and symbols used in this manual have the following meanings:
WARNING
Calls attention to a procedure, practice or condition which, if not
correctly performed or adhered to, could result in injury or death.
DANGER
Indicates the presence of high voltage (> 50 V). Calls attention to
a procedure, practice or condition which, if not correctly
performed or adhered to, could result in injury or death.
CAUTION
Calls attention to a procedure, practice, or condition which, if not
correctly performed or adhered to, could result in damage to
equipment.
!
Contents
1
Introduction
1.1
1.2
1.3
2
Safety Precautions .....................................................................2
Features .....................................................................................3
Actuator Types and Terminology ...............................................3
1.3.1
1.3.2
Bipolar Actuators........................................................................ 3
Unipolar Actuators...................................................................... 3
2
Quick Start
5
3
Working Principle
8
4
Technical Data
9
4.1
4.2
Front Panel Operating Elements ..............................................10
Rear Panel ...............................................................................10
4.2.1
4.2.2
5
Voltage Selector....................................................................... 10
Fuses........................................................................................ 11
E-463 Frequency Response
12
Introduction
1
Introduction
E-463.00 HVPZT Amplifiers are bench-top amplifiers for HighVoltage Piezoelectric Translators (HVPZTs). The
device contains three independent amplifiers capable of
outputting and sinking a peak current of 4 mA and an average
current of 3 mA each.
One side of the output is grounded, the other ranges from 0 to
-1500 V. Negative polarity was chosen to comply with the
requirements of common HVPZTs.
The output voltage can be set either manually via a 10-turn
potentiometer or by analog control signals, or both in
combination. Three 3½-digit LED displays indicate the output
voltage of the three channels.
1.1
Safety Precautions
Physik Instrumente (PI) advises you to read this important
information:
DANGER
Be aware that the E-463 is a High Voltage Amplifier
capable of outputting voltages up to 1500 Volts. The
high output power may cause electrical shock or serious
injuries if the device is handled improperly.
To avoid danger, follow the instructions below:
Do not open the chassis while the line power cord is
connected!
Do not touch any part that may be connected to the
high voltage output!
Make sure that the metal casings of all PZT actuators
connected to the HV output are properly grounded.
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Introduction
WARNING
PZTs Sensitive
Polarity
to
Overvoltage
or
Reverse
Exposing some PZTs to voltages too far outside their
operating range will destroy the active element in the
actuator. Remember that the active element has only two
terminals and is aware only of the potential difference
between them. A PZT with -250 V on the negative lead and
0 V on the positive lead sees +250 V. Make sure that both
the polarity and the voltage as seen by the PZT are within
the allowable range.
1.2
1.3
Features
„
Manual control mode: 10-turn potentiometer
„
External control mode: analog signal, 10-volt-wide range,
manual offset
„
Real-time output LED display for each channel
Actuator Types and Terminology
The HV actuators that can be connected to the controller have
two conductors for the drive voltage. The displacement of the
actuator depends only on the (signed) voltage difference
between these two leads. It is important to understand the type
of actuator being connected.
1.3.1
Bipolar Actuators
Bipolar actuators can be driven with either a positive or
negative potential difference between the drive leads. Because
the E-463 can supply only one output polarity, it is not
particularly suited for bipolar actuators
1.3.2
Unipolar Actuators
It is important to understand the designations “positive” and
“negative” when used with unipolar actuators. These
designations refer to the placement (and perhaps the labeling)
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Introduction
of conductors on the piezo or in the coaxial connecting cable.
They originate with the idea that, if one side of the actuator is
tied to ground, it is “safer” to have the “dangerous” voltage
“farther away” from the user, e.g. in the core of coaxial cable, or
not at the end of a stack.
Unipolar piezos can withstand only limited reverse voltages,
typically less than 25% of the full operating range. Forward
voltage always has the positive terminal at a higher potential
than the negative terminal, even if the actuator is referred to as
a “negative” type. Since so-called “-1500 V” unipolar actuators
were designed with the idea that the positive terminal would be
connected to 0 V and the negative terminal range to -1500 V,
there is some confusion when it comes to speaking about the
voltage “applied to” and “seen by” the actuator. If you put -200
V on the negative terminal and 0 on the positive terminal, you
can be tempted to say that you are “applying” “-200 V” to the
actuator. For the actuator, however, this is the same as having
0 V on the negative lead and +200 V on the positive lead: in
both cases, it sees a +200 V potential difference. Some
actuators actually use the labels “0 V” and “-1000 V” on the
corresponding leads.
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Quick Start
2
Quick Start
If you order the actuator and controller together, and/or provide
PI with sufficient information about your application, the
actuator connector will be wired as required.
If you are connecting other actuators or wiring your own
connector, read the discussion of actuator type (Section 1.3)
carefully and any documentation that came with the actuator.
WARNING
PZTs Sensitive
Polarity
to
Overvoltage
or
Reverse
Exposing some PZTs to voltages too far outside their
operating range will destroy the active element in the
actuator. Remember that the active element has only two
terminals and is aware only of the potential difference
between them. A PZT with -250 V on the negative lead and
0 V on the positive lead sees +250 V. Make sure that both
the polarity and the voltage as seen by the PZT are within
the allowable range.
DANGER
Be aware that the E-463 is a High Voltage Amplifier
capable of outputing voltages up to 1500 Volts. The high
output power may cause electrical shock or serious injuries
if the device is handled improperly.
To avoid danger, follow the instructions below:
Do not open the chassis while the line power cord is
connected!
Do not touch any part that may be connected to the
high voltage output!
Make sure that the metal casings of all PZT actuators
connected to the HV output are properly grounded.
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Quick Start
First check the unit in manual operating mode as follows:
1
Read the Danger Warning above. Perform the following
steps with care.
2
Being careful not to exceed allowable force limits,
mount the PZT actuators for your application (see the
PZT Mounting Guidelines included with the actuators
on a separate sheet)
3
Make sure the E-463 power supply is set to allow
operation at the proper voltage range. Two ranges are
available: from 100 to120 V and from 220 to240 VAC.
The line fuses need to be replaced when the supply
voltage range setting is changed (see p. 10 for details).
4
Turn the DC-OFFSET potentiometer to 0, i.e. counterclockwise (CCW) to the hard stop.
5
With the amplifier still powered down, connect the
actuators to the HV output LEMO connectors on the
E-463 front panel
6
Connect the line cord and switch the power on.
7
Being careful not to exceed the maximum voltage
rating of the connected PZT, turn the corresponding
DC-offset potentiometer slowly CW. The voltage
changes, as indicated on the corresponding display.
The displacement of the PZT depends on its expansion
ratio, µm/V.
8
Before turning off the E-463, set all channels to zero
output (turn the DC-Offset potentiometers full CCW and
make sure the Control IN signals are at 0 V).
The above procedure assures that the system is working
correctly in manual mode. If you will be operating with one or
more external control signals (static or dynamic), continue as
follows:
9
Make sure that the control signal is never below -6.6 V
or above +10 V, and varies by at most 10 V.
10 Bring the control signal to its minimum level and
connect it to Control IN.
11 Use the corresponding DC-offset potentiometer to
adjust the output to the level desired (usually 0 V)
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Quick Start
!
CAUTION
PZT Damage
Make sure not to exceed the allowed PZT operating
voltage!
12 When the control signal is varied (by at most 10 V), the
output will change by an amount reflecting the gain
factor of -150. Note that this covers a wider range than
can be covered in manual operation.
13 Repeat steps 9 to 12 for each channel you wish to
connect.
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Working Principle
3
Working Principle
The output voltage is determined by the position of the 10-turn
DC-offset potentiometer in combination with the voltage on the
Control Input BNC socket.
If Control In is held at 0 V, the output voltage be varied
manually with the potentiometer in the range of 0 to -1000 V.
This is sometimes called manual operation.
With the DC-offset potentiometer set to 0 (full CCW), the output
voltage is controlled by an analog signal applied to the BNC
input ranging from 0 to +10 V. Multiplying by the gain factor of
-150, an output voltage range from 0 to -1500 V results.
When used together with Control IN, the DC-offset
potentiometer effectively allows shifting the 10-volt-wide input
voltage range inside the boundaries of -6.66 V and +10 V.
Example 1:
A low frequency (< 1 Hz) sinusoidal signal with
an amplitude of 0 to +5 V is applied to the
CONTROL INPUT socket. The resulting output
is a sinusoidal signal with an amplitude of 0 to
-750 V.
Example 2:
A function generator with a -2.5 to +2.5 V
(peak-peak: 5V) sinusoidal signal is connected
to the CONTROL INPUT socket. The resulting
output will be clipped for negative inputs,
because the E-463 can not output positive
voltages (negative gain!). The actual output is
the negative half of the sine wave with peak
value of -375 V (2.5 V multiplied by a gain
factor of -150).
In order to get the full sine wave, the input can
be offset with the DC-OFFSET potentiometer
by 2.5 V. The resulting output is a sinusoidal
signal with an amplitude of 0 to -750 V (peakpeak), like in example #1.
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Technical Data
4
Technical Data
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Function:
High-voltage DC power amplifier
Application:
Driving up to 3 HVPZTs manually or by external analog
signals.
Channels:
3
Output Voltage Range:
0 to -1500 V
Output Polarity:
negative
Peak Current:
4 mA (for < 5 ms)
Max. Average Output
Current:
2 mA (for > 5 ms)
Peak power:
6 W (for < 5 ms)
Max. Average Power:
3 W (for > 5 ms)
Control Voltage Input:
10-volt maximum variation within -6.6 to +10 V range
Voltage Gain:
-150 ±1
Input Impedance:
1 M-ohm
Display:
3 3½-digit LED displays
Control input sockets:
3 BNC
PZT output sockets:
3 LEMO ERA.0S.250.CTL
Line Voltage:
110 - 120 or 220 - 240 VAC, selectable (fuse change
required)
Fuse:
0.8 A for 230 V operation, 1.6 A for 115 V operation,
slow blow fuses required
Dimensions:
288 x 235 x 103 mm (HxWxD)
Weight:
4.3 kg
Operating Temperature
+5°C to +50°C (over 40°C, max. av. power derated
10%)
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Technical Data
4.1
Front Panel Operating Elements
Fig. 1: E-463 Front panel layout
4.2
„
3 DC-Offset Potentiometers, 10-turn, one for each
channel
„
3 Control voltage Input sockets (BNC), one for each
channel
„
3 High-voltage output sockets (LEMO, 0 to 1500V) one
for each channel
„
3 3½-digit LED display for output voltages
Rear Panel
The rear panel contains only the line power connection, voltage
range selector, off-on rocker switch and the line fuse assembly.
4.2.1
Voltage Selector
Two ranges are available (220-240 V or 110-120 V). Units are
delivered set to the range PI believes prevalent in your country,
unless otherwise requested. Selected value is visible in window
(see figures). To change selection, pry out and re-orient fuse
carrier. Fuses will also need to be replaced.
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Technical Data
4.2.2
Fuses
Fuses are voltage dependent: use 0.8 A* for 230 V and 1.6 A*
for 115 V.
Fuse carrier
Door with
window
Line cord
connector
Fuse carrier
Fig. 2: Voltage selection and fuse access
*
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slow blow fuses required
E-463 PZ 67E Release 1.2.0
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E-463 Frequency Response
5
E-463 Frequency
Response
Fig. 3: E-463, frequency response with various PZT loads.
Values shown are capacitance in nF, measured in actual
PZT.
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