SV-HVR2800 Series DVR User Manual
SV-HVR2800 Series DVR User Manual
Version 1.0.3
English
SV-HVR2800 Series DVR User Manual
Preventive and Cautionary Tips
Before connecting and operating your DVR, please be advised of the
following tips:
• Ensure unit is installed in a well-ventilated, dust-free environment.
• Unit is designed for indoor use only.
• Keep all liquids away from the DVR.
• Ensure environmental conditions meet factory specifications.
• Ensure unit is properly secured to a rack or shelf. Major shocks or jolts
to the unit as a result of dropping it may cause damage to the sensitive
electronics within the unit.
• Power down the unit before connecting and disconnecting accessories
and peripherals.
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SV-HVR2800 Series DVR User Manual
Table of contents
1 PRODUCTION ......................................................................... 4
1.1 Product Key Features ............................................................................ 4
1.2 Operating Your DVR .............................................................................. 5
1.3 Rear Panel Diagram .............................................................................. 9
2 GETTING STARTED ............................................................. 12
2.1 Starting and Shutting Down Your DVR ................................................ 12
2.2 Rebooting and Locking Your DVR ....................................................... 12
2.3 Watching a Live View .......................................................................... 12
2.3.1 Understanding Live Preview Icons .................................................. 12
2.3.2 Using the Mouse in Live Preview .................................................... 13
2.3.3 Using Digital Zoom ............................................................................ 14
2.4 Default Password Information ............................................................. 14
3 Display Settings ................................................................... 15
3.1 Camera settings .................................................................................. 15
3.2 Output Settings .................................................................................... 16
4 Recording Settings .............................................................. 18
4.1 Encode ................................................................................................ 18
4.2 Option .................................................................................................. 20
4.3 Schedule .............................................................................................. 21
5 Search ................................................................................... 23
5.1 Playback .............................................................................................. 23
5.2 Backup ................................................................................................. 24
5.3 Event ................................................................................................... 25
5.4 Log ....................................................................................................... 25
6 Network Settings .................................................................. 26
6.1 General ................................................................................................ 26
6.2 Advanced ............................................................................................. 27
6.2.1 DDNS................................................................................................... 28
6.2.2 NTP ...................................................................................................... 28
6.2.3 IP Filter ................................................................................................ 28
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6.2.4 Email Settings .................................................................................... 28
6.3 Network Status .................................................................................... 29
7 Alarm ..................................................................................... 31
7.1 Motion .................................................................................................. 31
7.2 Video Loss ........................................................................................... 31
7.3 Exception ............................................................................................. 31
8 Alarm ..................................................................................... 33
8.1 HDD ..................................................................................................... 33
8.2 S.M.A.R.T ............................................................................................ 33
8.3 PTZ ...................................................................................................... 33
9 System .................................................................................. 35
9.1 General ................................................................................................ 35
9.2 User ..................................................................................................... 36
9.3 System Information.............................................................................. 37
9.4 Maintenance ........................................................................................ 38
10 APPENDIX ........................................................................... 39
10.1 Glossary ............................................................................................ 39
10.2 FAQ ................................................................................................... 40
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SV-HVR2800 Series DVR User Manual
1 PRODUCTION
Thank you for your purchase of Digital Video Recorder (DVR). To get the most out of
your DVR, please read through this User’s Manual thoroughly.
1.1 Product Key Features
Compression

Support PAL/NTSC video input.

Adopt H.264 video compression standard.

Each analog channel supports dual stream. Main stream supports up to D1
resolution and sub stream supports CIF resolution.

Video encoding parameters of each channel can be set separately, including
resolution, frame rate, bit rate, image quality.

Supports both composite stream and video only stream. Audio and video streams
are strictly simultaneous.
Monitoring

Support three local output including HDMI and VGA video output. Display
resolution supports up to 1920*1080.

Supports 1/4/9/16 screen live view, channel sequence is adjustable.

Support live view group switch, manual switch and automatic cycle, the interval of
automatic cycle can be adjusted.

Supports digital zoom on live view and playback.

Supports motion detection and video loss alert.

Supports privacy mask.

Supports various PTZ protocols, PTZ preset, patrol and pattern.
HDD Management

Supports 1 SATA HDD and 1 eSTAT HDD,each HDD supports up to 2TB capacity.

Supports S.M.A.R.T. technology.

Use pre-allocating hard disk management technology, and no disk fragments.
Recording and Playback

Supports cycle and non-cycle recording mode.

Supports multiple recording types, including manual, continuous, alarm, motion,
motion alarm and motion & alarm recording, etc.

Supports Pre-record and Post-record time for alarm and motion detection, and
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SV-HVR2800 Series DVR User Manual
pre-record time for schedule and manual recording.

Supports video data search and playback by channel number, recording type, time,
event, etc.

Supports pause, rewind, play fast, play slow, skip forward, and skip backward
when playback, locating in progress bar by dragging the mouse.
Backup

Supports USB device backup.

Support Network backup.

Support eSATA backup.
Alarm and Exception

Supports various alarm input such as hard disk full, network break, IP conflicted
and hard disk error.

Supports various alarm response such as camera recording, on screen warning,
audible warning, send email, etc.
Network

Supports 10/100 adaptive network interface.

Supports TCP/IP protocols, PPPoE, DHCP, DNS, DDNS, NTP, etc.

Supports remote search, playback and download video files.

Supports remote configuration.

Supports remote manual recording

Supports remote manual alarm output control.

Supports image capturing.

Supports remote PTZ control.
Others

Supports front panel, mouse, IR control operation.

Supports multi-level user management, each user can have individual DVR
access rights.

Powerful DVR log, including operation, alarm, information and exception log.

Supports remote manual alarm output control.
1.2 Operating Your DVR
There are numerous ways to navigate and operate your DVR. You may use the Front
Panel Controls, the included IR (Infra-Red) Remote, a Mouse and the Soft Keyboard.
Using the Front Panel Controls
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The controls on the front panel include:
1.
USB Ports: Universal Serial Bus (USB) ports for additional devices such as USB
mouse and USB Hard Disk Drive (HDD).
2.
PLAY/PAUSE: Opens the playback interface from the live viewing mode. Pauses
playback or resumes playback from paused.
3.
Quad /All: Enters split-screen view, where the screen shows one, four (“quad”
mode 2 x 2) ,eight (8ch only – 3 x 3 with one space blank) or 16 video feeds at
once.
4.
Menu: Opens the DVRs menu, or goes back one step from a submenu.
5.
Select: As the name suggests, it selects an option or item from a menu.
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6.
DIRECTION/ENTER Buttons: For navigating around menus when you’e not using
the mouse.
7.
IR Receiver: Receiver for IR remote.
8.
POWER: POWER indicator turn on when DVR is power on.
9.
HDD LED: Will flash whenever the DVR is writing to/reading from the installed hard
drive.
Using the Mouse
A regular 3-button (Left/Right/Scroll-wheel) USB mouse can also be used with this
DVR.
To use a USB mouse:
1.
Plug USB mouse into one of the USB ports on the front panel of the DVR.
2.
The mouse should automatically be detected. If in a rare case that the mouse is
not detected, please refer to the recommended device list from your provider.
The buttons on the mouse corresponds to:
1.
Left Button:

Single-Click: Select a component of a menu, such
as a button or an input field. This is similar to
pressing the ENTER button on the remote/front
panel controls.

Double-Click: Switch between single screen and
multi-screen mode in Preview/ Playback mode.

Click and Drag: Clicking and dragging the Left
mouse button can be used to control the digital
zoom area. It can also be used to setup the alarm
areas.
2.
Right Button:

3.
Single-Click: Shows pop-up menu.
Scroll-Wheel:

Scroll Up: In Menu mode, it will move the selection
to the previous item.

Scroll Down: In Menu mode, it will move the
selection to the next item.
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Using remote control
To use the remote control:
1.
STANDBY: Press to turn standby mode ON/OFF.
2.
Playback controls:





: Increase rewind speed 2X, 4X, 8X;
: Press to start playback;
: Press to increase fast-forward speed 2X, 4X, 8X;
: Press to slow-down playback by 1/2, 1/4, 1/8;
: Press to pause, then press again to play single frame.
3.
MENU: Opens the main menu.
4.
Navigation/OK:

: Move cursor in menus up;

: Move cursor in menus right;

: Move cursor in menus left;

: Move cursor in menus down;

OK: In menus, press to confirm selections;
5.
Mode: Press to switch between quad and split-screen displays.
6.
Number/Channel buttons: While in menus, press buttons 0~9 to enter values;
during live viewing, press to view channels in full-screen.
7.
ALARM: Clear alarm output.
8.
SWITCH: Switch video output.
9.
RECORD: Press to start manual recording.
10. STOP: Press to stop manual recording.
11. +/ - : In menus, press to adjust values.
12. PTZ: Press to open the PTZ control window.
13. EXIT: Close menu windows.
14. MUTE: Turn on / off audio output.
15. LOGIN / LOCK: If password has been enabled in the setup menu, press to open
the user password login screen.
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1.3 Rear Panel Diagram
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No.
Item
Description
10
POWER SWITCH
Power switch
11
DC POWER IN
12V DC power input
12
PTZ
RS485 connector
13
VGA OUTPUT
DB9 connector for VGA output. Display local video output and menu.
14
HDMI OUTPUT
HDMI connector for high definition video output. Display local video
output and menu.
15
AUDIO OUT
RCA connectors for analog audio output.
16
LAN interface
Connector for LAN (Local Area Network).
17
USB interface
Connector for USB device.
18
eSATA
Connects external SATA HDD, CD/DVD-RM or disk array
19、20、22
VIDEO IN
BNC connectors for analog video input.
21
AUDIO IN
RCA connector for analog audio input.
23
ALARM IN
Connector for 4/8 channels alarm input
ALARM OUT
Connector for 2 channel alarm output
MIC IN
DC JACKES connector for microphone input, used for two-way
24
audio. (Option)
LINE OUT
DC JACKES connector for speaker output, used for two-way audio.
(Option)
25
SDI VIDEO IN
BNC connector for SDI video input
26
LOOP OUT
16 channel loop out
27
Video OUT
BNC Video output(Option)
28
AC POWER IN
AC100V-240V
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2 GETTING STARTED
2.1 Starting and Shutting Down Your DVR
Proper startup and shutdown procedures are crucial to expanding the life of your DVR.
To startup your DVR:
1.
Ensure the power supply is plugged into an electrical outlet. It is HIGHLY
recommended that an Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) be used in conjunction
with the unit. The Power indicator LED on the front panel should turn on,
indicating the unit is receiving power.
2.
Press the POWER switch on the rear panel. The Power indicator LED should turn
on. The unit will begin to start.
To shutdown the DVR:
1.
Enter the Shutdown menu by clicking on
Menu > Shutdown.
2.
Select the Shutdown button.
3.
Press the POWER switch on the rear panel
to safely shutting down the system.
2.2 Rebooting and Locking Your DVR
While in the Shutdown menu, you may also reboot or lock your DVR. Locking your
DVR will return you to the Live Preview mode, which will require an user name and
password to exit out of it. The Reboot button will reboot your DVR. To reboot or lock
your DVR:
1. Enter the Shutdown menu by clicking Menu > Shutdown.
2. Select the Lock button to lock the DVR or the Reboot button to reboot the DVR.
2.3 Watching a Live View
The Live Preview mode is automatically started after the DVR boots up. It is also at the
very top of the menu hierarchy, thus hitting the ESC multiple times (depending on which
menu you’re on) will bring you to the Live Preview mode.
2.3.1 Understanding Live Preview Icons
There are multiple icons on each display in Live Preview mode to indicate different
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camera status. These icons include:
Icon
Item
Description
Motion Detection Icon
Indicates motion detection.
Record Icon
Indicates the current channel is recording.
Audio Icon
Indicates the current channel is in audio output.
Alarm Icon
Indicate there is an alarm or exception.
2.3.2 Using the Mouse in Live Preview
Many features of the Live Preview can be quickly accessed by clicking the right-button
of the mouse.

1 - Menu: Enter Main menu.

2 Multi-Camera: Switch between different displays layout options. Layout options
can be selected from a drop down list.

3 - Next Screen: When displaying less than the maximum number of cameras in
Live Preview, clicking this feature will switch to the next set of displays.

4 - Start Tour: Enable sequencing in Live Preview mode.

5 - PTZ: Enter PTZ Control mode.

6 - Digital Zoom: Enter Digital Zoom interface.

7 - PIP : picture in picture.

8 - Manual Record: Initiates manual recording.

9 - Playback: Enter into Playback mode.

10 - Audio On/Off: Enables or disables the audio function of the DVR.

11- Installation wizard:Commonly used configuration setup wizard.
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Note: The dwell time of the preview configuration should be set before using Start
Tour.
2.3.3 Using Digital Zoom
To use digital Zoom in Live Preview mode:
1.
Right-click using the mouse in Live Preview mode.
2.
Select Digital Zoom from Mouse menu.
3.
Left-click and drag the red box to the desired area for zoom. The zoomed image
will be magnified to full screen.
: To enlarge the picture 2 times for each click. 6 times at most;
: To shrink the enlarged picture till normal one;
: To enlarge the selected area to full screen;
: To turn the picture into normal size;
: Exit.
2.4 Default Password Information
To ensure your privacy, this DVR supports password protection. The default, all-access
username is “admin”. If the DVR asks you to log in before you’ve set a password, enter
admin as your username and leave the password blank. This will give you access to all
areas of the DVR.
The password function is disabled by default. However, if you’re asked for a password,
the default is “12345”. To ensure your ongoing privacy, we strongly recommend setting
a password as soon as possible. Choose something that you’ll remember, but that
others would be unlikely to guess. If you do manage to lock yourself out of the DVR,
you’ll need to contact us.
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3 Display Settings
3.1 Camera settings
Camera menu is where you can make adjustments to how the DVR displays the feed
coming from your cameras. You can adjust aspects of each channel/camera, such as:

the camera’s name,

which information will be displayed on-screen, and where this information will be
displayed,

whether information such as the date will be recorded directly onto your videos

Any areas of the video you want “masked” - that is, left blank.
Camera No.: Choose the camera / channel
you want to edit here. The Camera No is
the same thing as the number written on
the rear panel next to the BNC socket used
to connect the camera.
Camera Name: Select a name for the
camera you’ve selected. By default, all
channels are named as the Camera No.
field, but this can be set to anything you’d like up to 16 characters.
Display Camera Name: When checked, the name you’ve selected for the
camera/channel will be displayed on-screen as an overlay.
Record Date: When checked, the date (as displayed) will be recorded directly into your
videos. This can be useful, as it creates an inseparable record of exactly when the
footage was captured.
OSD Display Position: Gives you access to a screen where you can easily set the
exact positions of any overlaid text, such as the camera name and the date and time.
Simply select any item you want to move (such as the Channel Name and/or the Date
and Time) and click and drag it to the position you’d like it to be. To exit the OSD Display
Position screen, right click. A context menu will appear with two options: Save and Exit.
To exit without saving, simply choose Exit. If you want to save your changes, choose
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Save first.
Image Settings: Gives you access to image adjustment tools, allowing you to adjust
the way the DVR interprets and displays video images. The Image Settings you choose
will affect your recorded footage. Rather than applying the changes after the video has
been processed, the Image Settings affect how the DVR decodes the video it is
receiving from the cameras. The upside of this is that you can use the Image Settings to
dramatically improve the quality of the images being recorded by the DVR. This can be
particularly useful for improving the accuracy of your Motion Detection settings.
Mask: When checked, allows you to create, place and shape a “privacy mask” which
obscures the view of part of the image on the associated channel.
3.2 Output Settings
Output menu is where you can control how the DVR is going to deliver an image to your
television, screen or monitor. You’ll be able to
adjust such items as:

screen resolution and position on your monitor

the audio output,

the appearance of the menus,

the auto-sequence dwell time, and

the sensitivity of the USB mouse.
Resolution: Resolution should be set as high as possible, but equal to or lower than the
maximum resolution your screen/monitor can display. Things change a little depending
on what kind of monitor you’re using, and how it’s connected.
The DVR has several formats available, in two different aspect ratios:

Square (4:3) - 1024 x 768 or 1280 x 1024

Widescreen (16:9) - 1280 x 720 (720p) or 1920 x 1080 (1080p)
Square Monitor via VGA: Use one of the 4:3 formats to correctly align the DVR’s output
on your screen. Using a widescreen format will “stretch” the image vertically.
Widescreen Monitor via VGA: If possible, use the widescreen (16:9) format. If your
monitor can’t display that resolution, you might need to enable letter-boxing on your
monitor and use a 4: 3 format.
PC Monitor via HMDI: Choose a format appropriate for your monitor. If it’s a widescreen,
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use a widescreen format. Set to the highest option that is equal to or less than the
screen’s maximum resolution.
Widescreen Plasma/LCD HDTV via HDMI: The resolution should be set to the
maximum your television can process not display. Typically, this will be 1080p, as even
screens which don’t have that many pixels can still display the image, just with less
detail. Check your television’s documentation to learn this value. If your television can’t
display 1080p, then use 720p instead.
Transparency: You can set the DVR’s menus to be partially transparent (see-though) in case you need to keep an eye on things while adjusting settings (or it makes you feel
like you’re living in the future because it’s so tech - we don’t judge). The best way to set
this is to simply experiment over time and see what works well for you.
Mouse Sensitivity: How sensitive the mouse will be. On lowest, large and dramatic
movements are required to move the mouse but a few inches onscreen. At the other
end of the spectrum, a tiny bump or knock can send the cursor from one side of the
screen to the other. Try somewhere around the lower ending for starters, and then
increasing it little by little if it’s moving too slowly.
Dwell Time: How long channels will be displayed when using auto-sequence mode.
Audio: Whether the DVR will output an audio signal. When checked, the DVR will
output audio to a compatible device (via the HDMI or the RCA Audio Output). When
unchecked, the DVR will not output an audio signal at all.
Border Adjustment: Changes the size and position of the DVR’s images on the screen.
Altering the border size can be useful if you’ve got parts of the DVR’s image extending
beyond the part of the screen you can see. The border adjustment is much more likely
to be required for older, CRT computer monitors connected via the VGA output. HDMI
should (in theory) automatically adjust the DVR’s image to perfectly fit your screen.
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4 Recording Settings
4.1 Encode
Encode menu allows to alter and customize how the DVR records footage and
“encodes” the files. “Encode” is a term which refers to the compression algorithm (a
fancy, computer term for “make the file smaller while retaining visual quality”) used by
the DVR.
You can choose and alter:

the resolution (per channel),

the frame rate (how many images per second the DVR records),

the data-rate of each video stream. The higher the data rate, the “better” your
images will look, but the more space they’ll require on your HDD.
Camera No.: The camera feed you want
to alter the settings for. These will be
numbered sequentially, and correspond to
the BNC video inputs labeled on the rear
of the DVR. Note that the channel name
here is independent of the Camera Name
selected on the Display: Camera menu
screen.
Encoding Parameters (advanced user option): Whether you’re editing the parameters
for the mainstream or the sub stream.

Main-Stream: The main-stream is the video feed that the DVR will record and
display. This is the higher-quality stream.

Sub-Stream: The sub-stream is the video stream that the DVR will send to
remote devices via a network or the Internet. It is the lower-quality stream as
a reduction in video size makes it easier to send over a network.
Record Audio: Choose whether the channel you’ve selected will record audio or not. If
you don’t have any audio devices connected, it’s a good idea to disable audio, as it will
save some space on your HDD.
Resolution: There are three options:
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
960H: About the same resolution as a DVD (960 x 480 for NTSC, or 960 x
576 for PAL).

D1: About the same resolution as a DVD (704 x 480 for NTSC, or 704 x 576
for PAL). This is the default resolution for all channels, and we suggest
leaving this setting well alone.

HD1: Literally, half of D1 (352 x 480 NTSC / 352 x 576 PAL) and about the
quality of a typical YouTube video. This won’t save HDD space - the bitrate is
the important setting for determining how much space your recordings
require on the HDD.

CIF: 1/4 of D1 (352 x 240 NTSC / 352 x 288 PAL), and about the same
resolution as a low-quality webcam. We can’t think of a good reason to use
CIF as your resolution setting, unless you’ve some really cunning plan we
didn’t think of. It won’t save any HDD space - for that, you’ll need to change
the bitrate.
Frame Rate: The number of frames per second (fps) that the DVR will record. The
default (and maximum) is referred to as “real-time” and is 30fps (NTSC) or 25fps (PAL).
Reducing the number of frames per second will either save hard drive space or improve
the data-rate per frame (depending how you set the bit-rate - see the next point).
Remember that your FPS count is the same as saying “take X photograph per second”
(where X is your FPS setting). If maintaining image clarity while reducing HDD
consumption is your priority, it makes sense to lower the frame rate. As with all settings
on this screen, some experimentation is encouraged to find the settings which will work
best for you!
Max. BitRate(Kbps): The actual amount of data that the DVR will use to record video.
The main-stream uses a variable bitrate to record video – the more movement occurs in
the video, the higher the bitrate will have to be. When there’s little movement in view,
the DVR will automatically reduce the bitrate to conserve HDD space.
If the amount of movement in a recording would require a higher bitrate to accurately
record than you’ve selected as the maximum, the DVR will attempt to preserve as much
of the quality as possible by applying compression to the image. This compression will
take the form of irregular, fuzzy blocks over segments or all of the image. If you
encounter this, it indicates that you might need to increase the overall bitrate.
If you’ve set a high bitrate but a low frame rate, the DVR will still use all the data it can,
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resulting in potentially higher quality per frame than at higher frame rates.
The sub-stream uses a constant bit-rate. This makes the video easier to stream over a
network or the Internet.
4.2 Option
Option menu lets you change some aspects of how the DVR will record footage, such
as:

whether the DVR will record a short video before events take place,

how long after events take place the DVR will continue to record for,

how the DVR will store and divide long recordings into “packs”,

whether the DVR will record over old footage to make room for new events.
Overwrite: When enabled, the DVR will
record over the files already stored on the
hard drive. The DVR will always record
over the oldest files on your hard drive first.
Using the overwrite option is advisable, as
the DVR will always be able to record
events as they happen. However, it does
mean that you’ll need to get important events off the HDD before they’re overwritten.
Pre-Record: While Pre-Record is enabled, the DVR will record a few seconds before
an event occurs. It’s a little like making the DVR psychic (but not really - it’s actually just
caching a few seconds of video which it adds to event recordings as they occur).
If you’re using Motion Detection (recommended) as your primary recording method,
then it’s a really good idea to use Pre-Record - sometimes, if a motion event is fast
enough, it might have left view before the DVR can trigger a recording. With Pre-Record,
there’s almost no chance you’ll miss it.
Post-Record: How long after an event occurs that the DVR will continue to record. It
can be very useful - for example, if an intruder or potential target triggers the motion
detection but pauses in view, then post record being enabled will get a much better look
at them. We think that 30 seconds is a reasonable length for the post-record setting, but
can be higher (the options are 1, 2, 5 or 10 minutes) depending on your unique
circumstances.
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Pack Duration: Pack Duration is a measurement of how long the DVR will record for
before splitting the output file into discrete units. “Packs” are something like the scene
numbers on a DVD - though the video is broken up into separate units, it will still play
through as one continuous movie (unless interrupted by the schedule or motion
detection turning the recording on or off ). If you don’t want to worry about setting Pack
Durations, you can leave it on the default value; it will make little difference to the
day-to-day running of the DVR.
4.3 Schedule
The schedule presented on-screen applies to one channel only. Use the Copy To
functions to quickly assign identical schedule layouts to multiple channels at once.
There are four types of recording to
choose from:
Normal: The DVR will constantly record
for any period where Normal is selected.
You won’t miss anything, but constant
recording will fill your hard drive very
quickly. (The DVR does record the
equivalent of a DVD film every two hours
on every channel, so that’s rather a lot of data!)
Typically, we suggest Motion as a
better recording mode for most users.
Motion: The recommended recording setting for most applications. The DVR will only
record when it detects something moving in front of a camera, and will then only record
footage from the camera(s) that do detect motion unless you alter your Action settings
“Alarm: Motion Detection - Action” on page 36 to include other channels.
Before setting any of your schedule to Motion, ensure that Motion Detection is properly
configured for the channel(s) you want to associate with it. See “Alarm: Motion” for more
information about setting up and configuring Motion Detection.
Alarm: The DVR will only record when it detects event from the sensor input port if user
choose this recording type. Before setting any of your schedule to Alarm, ensure Alarm
is properly configured. See “Alarm: Sensor” for more information about setting up and
configuring alarm.
M/A: The DVR will record when it detect motion detection or alarm event.
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None: As the name suggests, the DVR will not record anything. This isn’t really a mode,
but it’s listed here for completeness.
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5 Search
5.1 Playback
Select the channels you’d like to playback, select
the type(s) of video you’d like to playback, set
your Start Date/Time and your End Date/Time.
Click the Play button to start playback of all the
files found with the specified search criteria or
click the Search button to bring up the list of
search results.
After search results are presented, select the file
you would like to playback and press Play to
enter synchronous playback cameras selection.
There are various controls on the Playback
interface that makes viewing recordings more
efficient.
Icon
Item
Description
Audio on/off
Select to open or close the audio;
Clip
Start or stop clip;
Backup
Backup the clip file to USB storage device.
Fast backwards
Select to rewind recording files at the speed of x2, x4, x8
Play
Select to return to normal speed to playback files
Pause / play
Select to pause or play in single frame
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Fast Forwards
Slow Forwards
Select to playback the recording files forward at the speed
of x2, x4, x8
Select to playback the recording files forward at the speed
of x1/2, 1/4, 1/8
Hide:
Select to hide the playback control panel
Exit
Select to exit playback
Playback progress
To drag the playback progress to a desired time
Recording Type
indicate the recording types during the period
5.2 Backup
To backup footage:

Connect a USB flash drive or a USB HDD
to the USB port or connect an eSATA
HDD to the eSATA port on the rear of the
DVR.

Choose the camera(s) you want to
backup footage from, select the type(s) of
video you want to backup, set your Start
Time and End Time, and then select
Backup.
After search results are presented, select the file
you would like to backup. Then select Next.
Refresh: Looks for devices to which footage can
be backed up. This will include USB flash drives
or hard drives connected to the USB port, or
external hard drives connected via the rear
eSATA port.
AVI Format File: When checked, the DVR will
transcode the footage into a file format that can
be played back in a computer. While the backup
process is executed, the DVR will display a pair
of progress meters. The top one indicates the
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progress of the current video event; the lower one shows the overall progress.
To end the backup process before it’s complete,
choose Cancel. Some or all of the incidents you
selected won’t have been copied. While backing
up, particularly when transcoding to AVI, the
DVR might take a few moments to register that
you’ve selected Cancel.
Note that, while the backup is in progress the DVR will be inoperable. It will continue
recording and monitoring, but won’t respond to the mouse being moved or buttons
being pressed (at least, not quickly - cut it some slack, it’s working really, really hard).
Backing up footage can be a slow process - doubly so when transcoding to AVI. If you’re
backing up more than a few minutes footage at a time, you’ve got time to make a cup of
coffee, maybe call a friend or catch up on some TV. Seriously, it can take a while - talk to
any video editor about transcoding and they’ll tell you it takes a long time.
5.3 Event
The Event Search menu will show you recordings that were triggered by the DVR
detecting motion. Typically, the majority of
recordings based upon “Events” are likely to be
recordings triggered by the DVR’s motion
detection
feature.
The
search
function
operates in the same way as the main
playback search: the only difference is you’ll
select an Event Type rather than a Video Type.
5.4 Log
The Log Search screen operates in the same
way as the other search screens, but is able to
access the entire DVR’s event log, not just
recorded footage. If you’re looking for an event
which has no recorded footage associated with
it (such as a lost video signal, hard drive error,
Internet communication problem or similar) this
is where you’ll find it.
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6 Network Settings
6.1 General
Network Access: Here you can choose between the three different types of networks
that the DVR can be connected to. The three types of networks are:

DHCP: DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) is a system where one device
on your network (usually a router) will automatically assign IP addresses to devices
connected to the network.

STATIC: Static networks require all devices
to have their IP addresses manually defined,
as
there
is
no
device
dedicated
to
automatically assigning addresses.

PPPoE: An advanced protocol that allows
the DVR to be more directly connected via a
DSL modem. This is an option for advanced users only.
IP Address: Just as houses and businesses need to have an address which identifies
their location on the road network, so too do computers and other devices need
addresses (called IP ADDRESSES) to identify their position on the electronic network.
The DVR uses IPv4 addressing, which consists of four groups of numbers between 0
and 255, separated by periods.
For example, a typical IP address might be “192.168.1.24” or something similar. The
most important thing when setting the IP address is that nothing else on your network
shares that IP address.
Subnet Mask: If the IP address is like a street address, then a sub network is like your
neighborhood. This will be formatted in a similar way to the IP address.
Default Gateway: This is the address of the “way to the Internet” - to continue the road
analogy, this is like your local access point to the highway. This is an IP address in the
same format as the others, and is typically very similar to the IP address of the DVR.
Auto DNS / Static DNS: Choose how you’d like to define your DNS servers. We
recommend leaving it on Auto unless you’ve got a specific reason not to.
Auto DNS: The DVR will automatically choose a DNS server. This is the recommended
setting.
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Static DNS: If you need to manually define a DNS server, then choose Static DNS. This
is recommended for advanced users only.
Preferred DNS Server: Typically, the DNS Server address will automatically be
detected by the DVR. In some cases, you’ll need to enter a value - the address of your
router (the same as the Gateway) should work.
Alternate DNS Server: A backup DNS server. This is here as a redundancy - your DVR
will probably work without one.
MAC Address:The Media Access Control address. This is a unique code which nothing
else should share. You can’t change this one - it’s hard set when the DVR ships out.
6.2 Advanced
DDNS: The place to configure the DVR to automatically update a dynamic DNS service.
If you want to remotely access the DVR via the Internet, you’ll probably need to
configure a DDNS account. See “Network:
Advanced: DDNS” for details on setting up and
configuring the DDNS.
NTP: Network Time Protocol. If you’ve got the
DVR connected to the Internet, you can have it
automatically sync time with an online server.
Email Settings: Where you can configure the
DVR to work with an email account of your choice. This must be correctly configured for
the DVR’s auto-email feature to work.
IP Filter: An advanced feature which allows you to exercise precise control over what
devices/IP address(es) are allowed to communicate with the DVR and which are not.
Recommended for advanced users only.
Server Port: This is the port that the DVR will use to send information through. You’ll
need to know this port value when logging in from a mobile device or the MyDVR
software.
HTTP Port: This is the port through which you will be able log in to the DVR. You’ll need
to know this port value when you access your DVR from IE browser. The default value is
“85”.
UPNP enable: UPnP is a technology which makes configuring your network easier and
faster. To use the UPnP setting on the DVR, you’ll need a router which supports the
feature, with UPnP enabled. Note that many routers which do support UPnP do not
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come with the feature enabled by default. You may need to ask your Internet service
provider to turn it on.
When UPnP is enabled on both your DVR and router, the Ports that the DVR requires to
be open for access to and from the Internet will automatically be opened and closed as
necessary by your router, saving you the trouble of manually forwarding these ports. If
UPnP is not enabled, or your router does not support the feature, you’ll need to forward
the ports the DVR uses from the router to the DVR - since this is a technically
challenging process, we strongly recommend using UPnP if possible.
6.2.1 DDNS
How do I deal with a dynamic IP address? One
option is to contact your ISP and request a static
IP address. They’ll usually charge a small fee for
doing this. It’s worth noting that not all ISPs offer
static IP addresses. If your ISP does not offer
static IP addresses then you can use a dynamic
referencing service.
6.2.2 NTP
A Network Time Protocol (NTP) Server may also
be setup on your DVR to keep the date and time
current and accurate.
6.2.3 IP Filter
The IP Filter can be used to modify which IP
addresses have permission to talk to the DVR
and which do not. This is an advanced feature,
and is recommended for advanced users only. If
you’re not sure what you’re doing - is more likely
to break things than making anything better.
6.2.4 Email Settings
If you want the DVR to occasionally drop you a
line, share news, tell you about its day and more importantly - tell you what’s going on around your home or business as it happens,
then you can configure it to automatically send email alerts as events happen. For the
Auto-Mail function to work correctly, the DVR will need to be correctly configured with
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the details of the email servers and addresses you want to use.
Enable SSL or TSL: Whether the email server
you’re using requires a secure link. This is on
be default, and should be left on if you’re using
any of the preset email servers.
SMTP Server: There are three preset options
to choose from,
Gmail (smtp.gmail.com),
Windows Live Mail (smtp.live.com) and Yahoo
Mail (smtp.mail.yahoo.com). You’ll need to setup an account with one of these email
providers.
SMTP Port: The SMTP port used by the email provider of your choice. This field will
automatically self-populate if you use one of the presets.
Sender Address: The address you’re sending the email from. This will be the
username you’ve set up for the email server you’re using, followed by “@” and then the
email server. For example: “[email protected]” or similar.
Sender Password: The password for the outgoing email account.
Recipient Address: The email address you want the DVR to send emails to. This can
be any email address you like, however, bear in mind that the DVR might send a large
number of automatic emails under certain conditions.
Attach Picture: While this is selected, the DVR will attach a small image to each email
alert (where applicable). For motion-based email alerts, this will be an image of
whatever triggered the motion detection.
Interval: The length of time that must elapse after the DVR sends an email alert before
it will send another. Short Interval settings are likely to lead to huge numbers of alerts
being sent by the DVR - perhaps even several emails for one event (if that one event
lasts longer than the interval setting). On the other hand, a long interval setting might
mean you’ll miss a specific update that you needed. There’s no right answer, and you’ll
probably have to fine-tune this setting to get the
results you’re after - it’ll be different for
everyone’s unique circumstances.
6.3 Network Status
The Network Status screen shows you a quick
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summary of your network settings. You can’t alter things here - see the General and
Advanced tabs for places to actually alter things.
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7 Alarm
7.1 Motion
Set up properly, using motion detected recording
will increase the number of days your DVR is
able to record. It will only record relevant events
rather
than
recording
everything,
making
searching for an event easier.
Enable: Whether or not motion detection is
enabled on a specific channel. Each channel can
be configured independently of one another.
Motion Detection: Click the applicable Set button to setup the motion detection area
for that channel.
Action: Here you can define what will happen when the camera you’ve selected detects
motion.
7.2 Video Loss
Video Loss is regarded as a potential alarm event, and is considered to occur any time
that the DVR doesn’t receive an active video signal on any of its inputs. The default
behavior of the DVR, when a channel has no incoming video signal, is simply to display
“Video Loss” in white text on a black
background over the associated channel. If
you’re not using all the inputs on your DVR,
then some channels will be in “permanent”
Video Loss state. Just be sure that you don’t
enable a video loss action for these channels.
Channel: Which channel/camera you’d like to
set the Video Loss behavior for.
Enable: Whether the selected channel has video loss monitoring active or not.
Action: The action you’d like the DVR to take when this event occurs. It’s set in the
same way as the Action for any other event.
7.3 Exception
An Exception is any deviation from the DVR’s normal behavior - phrased another way,
it’s like saying the DVR’s been working fine except for these events
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Exception Type: What event type you’d like the DVR to react to. By configuring the
Action for these events, you can create any
combination of audio alerts (see below) or
auto-emails to be sent for different event types.
HDD Full: As the name suggests, this event
occurs when the DVR runs out of space on the
hard drive to save new footage. This event is
redundant if you’ve got overwrite enabled, as
the DVR will automatically delete old footage to ensure it can continue to record.
HDD Error: Occurs when the DVR has trouble accessing one or more of its hard drives,
or when it cannot detect one at all.
Net Disconnected: Will occur if the DVR has problems connecting to the Internet. This
may indicate a problem with the DVR’s configuration, a fault with your network or a
problem with your Internet Service Provider (ISP).
IP Conflict: This event will occur if the DVR detects another device on the same network
with a conflicting IP address. It’s a little like two houses with the same number being on
the same street - one house might get the other’s mail, or get woken up at all hours of
the night being asked if someone named “Big Bob” lives there. Basically, it indicates that
two devices are trying to use the same IP address. This shouldn’t occur if you’re using
DHCP addressing, unless one or more devices is set to use a STATIC IP (the static
addressing method overrides the automatic assignment process). Audio Warning: The
DVR will use its internal buzzer to emit an alarm tone. It sounds like an old computer
indicating an error, or a large truck backing up. Send Email: The DVR will send an
auto-email alert when the event type you’ve selected occurs.
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8 Alarm
8.1 HDD
Here you’ll find a comprehensive list of hard
drives connected to the DVR. Typically, there
will be one entry here, and it will probably be
the hard drive that came with the DVR. This is
not a problem, and you’ll probably get years
of usage out of the included hard drive. Note
that external drives connected by either
eSATA or USB will NOT be displayed here.
8.2 S.M.A.R.T
S.M.A.R.T. (Self-Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology) is your hard drive’s
way of telling the DVR how it’s going.
Status: The current condition of the hard
drive. It should say “Good”. If it says anything
else, this indicates there’s a problem with
your hard drive. If there’s no problem, there’s
little else to do here, unless reading the
output of the dozens of self-tests the hard
drive performs on itself is of interest to you.
If you have been confronted with a HDD Error, or the Status entry doesn’t read “Good”
then you can use the S.M.A.R.T .information to attempt to diagnose the problem. The
information presented in the S.M.A.R.T. report is practically identical to what you’d see
on a desktop PC while using Administrator Tools, or a similar service.
8.3 PTZ
This is where you can configure the DVR to be
able to operate PTZ devices. PTZ stands for
Pan, Tilt & Zoom. The DVR is compatible with
many - but not all - PTZ devices available.
Camera No: The camera you’d like to
associate a PTZ device with.
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Baudrate: Check the PTZ device’s documentation to learnthis value.
Data Bit, Stop Bit & Parity: Options that subtly change the way the DVR talks to the
device. These are important to get right - check your PTZ device’s documentation to
learn the correct settings.
PTZ Protocol: A protocol is like a language that the DVR uses to talk to the PTZ device.
Ensure that this setting matches the requirement of your device.
Address (0 - 255): The command address of the PTZ device you want to associate with
this channel.
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9 System
9.1 General
General menu contains many of the settings you’ll need to configure to get the most out
of your DVR system. Most importantly:
 The time and date can be set here.
 You can select the language you want for
the menus/GUI.
 The configuration for automatic adjustment
to daylight savings time is here.
 You can easily enable or disable password
protection - but will have to create a valid
username/password
Language: The language that the DVR’s menus, alerts and other communications will
use. This usually defaults to English. Be careful not to change this setting
unintentionally - it might be tricky to find the setting to change it back when the DVR is
speaking another language!
Video Standard: Here you can choose between PAL and NTSC. PAL is used in
Western Europe and Australia, NTSC is used in the US, Canada and Japan. If the
DVR’s picture is black and white, flickering or similar, then this is probably caused by the
video system being set incorrectly. Don’t change this setting unless advised to do so by
Technical Support. You may not be able to see the DVR’s output on your screen
anymore!
Time Zone: Particularly important if you’ve enabled NTP – set this to the time zone
where you happen to be. For example, people in eastern Australia (Canberra, Sydney
and Melbourne) choose GMT+10:00, whilst the Eastern Time zone in the USA and
Canada is GMT-05:00. (GMT stands for Greenwich Mean Time - it’s the baseline that
keeps all the different time zones in sync.)
Menu Date Format: The format of the date (eg.DD/MM/YYYY or MM/DD/YYYY and so
on).
System Time: This can be edited manually, or set to update automatically by using
NTP (see “Network: Advanced: NTP”).
DST Setting: As the standards for daylight savings differ from country to country, and
often state to state, you might need to manually tell the DVR exactly when it
commences and ends in your locality. First, turn DST on. We suggest setting the
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Daylight Saving Time Mode to Date, and manually entering the dates and times that
daylight savings time applies to and from, in your locality. Note: Some NTP servers are
NOT fully compatible with DST. This may cause your system to double-count adding
one or removing one more hour than they should, or cancel each other out. You may
need to intentionally change your time zone to compensate, or simply not use NTP and
DST simultaneously.
Enable Password: While enabled, the DVR will require a password to access, even for
local users. It’s advisable to enable password protection Auto Lock Time: While the
password protection is enabled, the DVR will automatically time-out, whereafter it will
ask for a password before returning to normal functioning. The Auto Lock Time
determines how long a period of inactivity will cause the DVR to lock itself again.
Device ID: Differentiates your DVR from other devices. If you don’t have any other
DVR’s or similar devices, then you can leave this as-is. If you’ve got multiple DVRs
running on the same network, then it’s a great idea to give each a unique ID.
9.2 User
User menu is where you can define and configure the different levels of access various
users have to the DVR. We suggest that at minimum
the admin account be password protected, as it has
access to all aspects of the DVR’s operation.
To add additional users, choose Add. To remove a
user, choose Delete. To customize a user’s level of
access, choose Modify.
You cannot modify the access level of the default
admin account - they can do everything. This is to
prevent an unfortunate incident where, for example,
no user has the permissions required to change
another user’s permissions – which could lead to the
DVR being, in at least some senses, inoperable.
User Name: Select a name for the user you want to define. The best usernames are
short, to the point, are relevant to the specific user they’re intended for, are easily
memorable and hard to guess.
Password: A password can be any combination of numbers (0 though 9) between four
and eight characters long.
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Confirm Password: Must exactly match the password for the definition of a new user to
be successful.

Level: There are two default levels of access to the DVR - Guests and Operators.
Guest: By default, a Guest user has access to the live images on the DVR and can
search through recorded events. They cannot change any settings or configure the
DVR in any way.

Operator: The default permissions of an Operator allow them to access and
configure all aspects of the DVR.
You can easily customize the level of access each individual user has. Simply choose
the Permission button on either the Add User or Modify to set the specific access for the
user you want. The Permission menu has two tabs - Configuration and Operation.
Configuration: The configuration page select which menu(s) the user can access.
There is no hierarchy and any combination of menus can be selected (although some
combinations would make little sense in practice).
Operation: You can select which channels the user has access to, and what they can
do with them. For example, you could set a user to have permission to view all channels
in live viewing mode, but only playback channels 2 and 4.
Choose the Set button next to each type of access to choose specific channels that the
user can access. Also, this page contains permissions for HDD Management and
Shutdown. These are surprisingly powerful levels of access: between them, a user can
remove all footage from a DVR’s hard drive and turn the DVR off. Be careful assigning
these permissions!
9.3 System Information
If you’re looking at the System Information screen, you’ve probably been directed to do
so by Technical Support. If we haven’t told you to
come here, you might be wondering what all the
information means. On a day-to-day level, the
answer is “very little”. However, if you’re still curious:
Device Name: The name that the DVR considers to
be its own, and what it will use to register an IP
address with your DHCP host. The remaining information is for use by Technical
Support, in the event that you require assistance. The various model and build numbers
help us track down any known issues, or catalogue new issues as they come to light. It
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also helps us figure out if you’re running the most recent firmware on the DVR, and
whether you’d benefit from an upgrade.
9.4 Maintenance
To maintain the operational integrity of the DVR, it is
suggested that it be rebooted periodically. In much the
same way that a computer can become unstable if left
on for an extremely long time, the DVR can become
unstable. It is strongly suggested that the DVR be rebooted at least once per week.
However, as this can be a hassle (particularly if the DVR is stashed away somewhere
inconvenient) you can set the DVR up to reboot itself.
Enable auto reboot: Will automatically shut the DVR down and restart it at a certain
time of the day or week.
Auto reboot at: Choose when you’d like the DVR to reboot. Typically, this will be a time
when it’s unlikely there’ll be any activity for the DVR to record.
Firmware Upgrade (Upgrade): Instructs the DVR to update its firmware. You’ll only
need to use this option if instructed to do so by Technical Support.
Default Settings (Restore): Loads the factory default settings. This must be done after
a firmware upgrade to ensure proper operation of the DVR. You can retain your settings,
recording schedule and so on by using the Import/Export Configuration function.
Configuration (Export): Creates a file containing all the settings you’ve customized,
including your recording preferences, schedule, user-list and so on.
To export your settings:

Insert a USB flash drive into the USB port on the front of the DVR. Ensure it has
enough free space (a few MB is sufficient – the file is less than 50KB) and that it is not
write-protected.

Choose Configuration: Import/Export. You’ll see a file browser, showing the
contents of the storage device.

Click Export to save your settings.

Exporting your settings will overwrite any previous settings you’ve saved to that
flash drive. If you want to do sequential configuration exports, you’ll need
multiple USB drives or, rename the file using a PC (advanced users only).
Configuration (Import): Operates in the same way as the Export function, but is used to
load a previously saved configuration file. Locate the file you want on your flash drive - it
will be called config.tgz. Loading the file will cause the DVR to automatically reboot.
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10 APPENDIX
10.1 Glossary
1.
Dual Stream: Dual stream is a technology used to record high resolution video
locally while transmitting a lower resolution stream over the network. The two
streams are generated by the DVR, with the main stream having a maximum
resolution of 4CIF and the sub-stream having a maximum resolution of CIF.
2.
DVR: Acronym for Digital Video Recorder. A DVR is device that is able to accept
video signals from analog cameras, compress the signal and store it on its hard
drives.
3.
HDD: Acronym for Hard Disk Drive. A storage medium which stores digitally
encoded data on platters with magnetic surfaces.
4.
DHCP: Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is a network application
protocol used by devices (DHCP clients) to obtain configuration information for
operation in an Internet Protocol network.
5.
HTTP: Acronym for Hypertext Transfer Protocol. A protocol to transfer hypertext
request and information between servers and browsers over a network
6.
DHCP: PPPoE, Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet, is a network protocol for
encapsulating Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) frames inside Ethernet frames. It is
used mainly with ADSL services where individual users connect to the ADSL
transceiver (modem) over Ethernet and in plain Metro Ethernet networks.
7.
DDNS: Dynamic DNS is a method, protocol, or network service that provides the
capability for a networked device, such as a router or computer system using the
Internet Protocol Suite, to notify a domain name server to change, in real time
(ad-hoc) the active DNS configuration of its configured hostnames, addresses or
other information stored in DNS.
8.
NTP: Acronym for Network Time Protocol. A protocol designed to synchronize
the clocks of computers over a network.
9.
NTSC: Acronym for National Television System Committee. NTSC is an analog
television standard used in such countries as the United States and Japan. Each
frame of an NTSC signal contains 525 scan lines at 60Hz.
10. PAL: Acronym for Phase Alternating Line. PAL is also another video standard
used in broadcast televisions systems in large parts of the world. PAL signal
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contains 625 scan lines at 50Hz.
11. PTZ: Acronym for Pan, Tilt, Zoom. PTZ cameras are motor driven systems that
allow the camera to pan left and right, tilt up and down and zoom in and out.
12.
USB: Acronym for Universal Serial Bus. USB is a plug-and-play serial bus
standard to interface devices to a host computer.
10.2 FAQ
• Why does the DVR seem unresponsive when operating with the IR remote
control?
If your DVR seem unresponsive when using the IR remote and you have read through
the section Using the IR Remote Control, please check:
1.
Check that the batteries are installed correctly in the remote, making sure that
the polarities of the batteries are not reversed.
2.
Make sure the batteries are fresh and are not out of power.
3.
Make sure the remote has not been tampered with.
4.
Check around and make sure there are no fluorescent lamps in use.
• Why does the PTZ seem unresponsive?
If the PTZ seem unresponsive, please check:
1.
Check that the RS-485 cable is properly connected.
2.
Check that the dome decoder type is correct.
3.
Check that the dome decoder speed configuration is correct.
4.
Check that the dome decoder address bit configuration is correct.
5.
Check to make sure that the main board RS-485 interface is not broken.
• Why is there no video recorded after setting the motion detection?
If there are no recorded video after setting the motion detection, please check:
1.
Check that the recording schedule is setup correctly by following the steps listed
in Scheduling a Recording.
2.
Check that the motion detection area is configured correctly (See Setting Up
Motion Detection).
3.
Make sure that channels are being triggered for motion detection (See Setting
Up Motion Detection).
• Why doesn’t the DVR detect my USB export device for exporting recorded files?
There’s a chance that the DVR and your USB device is not compatible. Please refer
to our company’s website to view a list of compatible devices.
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