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REV.01
USER'S MANUAL
ENGLISH
OVERBASS
Ko40
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
CAUTION
!
This symbol, wherever it appears, alerts you to
important operating and maintenance istructions in
the accompanying literature. Read the manual!
• To reduce the risk of electric shock, disconnect the amplifier from the AC mains before
installing audio cable. Reconnect the power cord only after making all signal connections.
• Connect the amplifier to a two-pole, three wire grounding mains receptacle. The
receptacle must be connected to a fuse or circuit breaker. Connection to any other type of
receptacle poses a shock hazard and may violate local electrical codes.
• Do not install the amplifier in wet or humid locations without using weather protection.
• Do not allow water or any foreign object to get inside the amplifier. Do not put objects
containing liquid on, or near, the unit.
•No naked flame sources such like lighted candles should be placed on the device.
• To reduce the risk of overheating the amplifier, avoid exposing it to direct sunlight. Do
not install the unit near heat emitting appliances, such as a room heater or stove.
• The amplifier should be placed so that its location does not interfere with its proper
ventilation. For example, the appliance should not be situated on a bed, carpet, or similar
surface that may create an obstacle for the ventilation openings.
• This amplifier contains potentially hazardous voltages. Do not attempt to disassemble
the unit. The unit contains no user serviceable parts. Repairs should be performed only by
factory trained service personnel.
USER'S MANUAL
P. 1
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1
INTRODUCTION
p. 03
2
AC Power Distribution
p. 04
3
Voltage Requirements
p. 04
4
Current Requirements
p. 04
5
Power connector wiring
p. 05
6
Connections
p. 05
7
Amplification & Protection circuitry
p. 05
8
DSP & REMOTE control
p. 06
9
DSP Cloner function
p. 06
10
Power supply & audio section
p. 07
11
Maintenance
p. 08
12
Accessories
p. 08
13
Physical
p. 08
14
Ko40 presets
p. 09
15
Configuration
p. 09
16
Technical data
p. 10
NOTES
p. 11
USER'S MANUAL
P. 2
1. INTRODUCTION
K-array is the new voice that sings aloud, "outside
the chorus", and whose performance is better than
Overbass
Ko40
Ko70
any other products. Born on-the-road, in the PA
world, where you get no discount, you have to give
your best as fast as you can, often with a
"compressed" budget, K-Array systems have been
designed to give precise answers to precise
The Ko40 is a self-powered high output
subwoofer. It has an incredible reserve of power
needs. K-Array systems are driven by new
that ensures very high pressure maintaining the
generation digital engines, with
power/dimension/weight ratios that are ten
medium and big live applications, especially on touring
times better than any other professional
P.A. systems. The Ko40 is designed to easily integrate
products; these systems can be remotely
controlled and come with a lot of on-board
software. K-array systems can shape their
performance following your taste and
needs. Inside K-array systems you will
find something that only K-array can
offer: the best in technology, proudly
conceived, designed and produced in
Italy. If they were cars, they would be
Ferrari. Don't agree to pay for a
simple brand, claim performance,
and don't believe those who
maintain that these products are
only for few people, the only truth
sound quality constant. The Ko40 is ideal for
with others K-array products, for example with KH4 or
KH15 line array satellites.
The Ko40 can be used also with KS4 , to make a very
directional high power subwoofer.
The Ko40 uses a 21" inches very high excursion cone
driver for very low frequencies with 6" voice coil, powered
by a power amplifier of 3500 watt RMS. The woofer is
mounted in a box that ensures high rigidity and resistance
to vibrations.
The transducer of Ko40 is driven by an internal DSP
module, a dedicated remote control software allows to
control the speaker from PC. All the K o 4 0
components are designed by K-array R&D
department and custom made under K-array
control quality system .
is that K-array systems are
unique, but affordable and within
everybody's reach!
HP Sound Equipment
USER'S MANUAL
P. 3
2. AC POWER DISTRIBUTION
All amplifier modules and the rest of the audio equipment connected to it (mixing consoles, processors, etc.) must be connected to
the AC power distribution in a proper way, preserving AC line polarity and connecting earth ground such that all grounding points
are connected to a single node or common point using the same cable gauge as the neutral and line(s) cables. Bad grounding
connections between speakers and the rest of the audio system may produce noise, hum and/or serious damage to the input/output
stages in the system’s electronic equipment.
CAUTION
!
CAUTION
Before applying AC to any K-array self-powered
speaker, be sure that the voltage potential difference
between neutral and earth ground is less than 5 VAC.
In the connectors marked with this symbol there is a
dangerous high voltage. Wirings connected to these
CAUTION
connectors require installation by trained personnel or the
!
use of ready certificated cables.
When the unit is ready for use, after the installation,
the power AC switch should be easily accessible..
3. VOLTAGE REQUIREMENTS
Ko70 and Ko40 operate safely and without audio discontinuity if the AC voltage stays within either of two operating windows: 95-125
or 100-240 V, at 50 or 60 Hz.
WHEN YOU SWITCH ON THE UNIT:
The main power supply slowly ramps on t he green display on the user panel lights up, and the green leds on the left side lights
up flashing, indicating that the system is enabled and ready to process audio signals
CAUTION
!
If the Display does not illuminate or the system does not respond to
audio input after ten seconds, remove AC power immediately. Verify that
the voltage is within the proper range. If the problem persists please
contact HP Sound Equipment or an authorized service center.
NOTE
It is recommend that the supply be operated in the rated voltage windows, at
least a few volts away from the turn on/off points so that small AC voltage
variations do not cause the amplifier to cycle on and off.
4. CURRENT REQUIREMENTS
The Ko40 present a dynamic load to the AC mains, which causes the amount of current to fluctuate between quiet and loud operating
levels. Since different cables and circuit breakers heat up at varying rates, it is essential to understand the types of current ratings
and how they correspond to circuit breaker and cable specifications. The maximum continuous RMS current is the maximum RMS
current in a period of at least ten seconds. It is used to calculate the temperature increase in cables, which is used to select cables
that conform to electrical code standards. It is also used to select the cable size and gauge and the rating for slow-reacting thermal
breakers. The maximum burst RMS current is the maximum RMS current in a period of approximately one second. It is used to select
the rating for most magnetic breakers. The maximum instantaneous peak current during burst is used to select the rating for fastreacting magnetic breakers
For best performance, the AC Cable voltage drop should not exceed 10 Volts, or 10% at 115V and 5% at 230V.
The minimum electrical service amperage required by a system of Ko40 is the sum of their maximum continuous RMS
current. We recommend allowing an additional 30% above the minimum amperage to prevent peak voltage drops at the
service entry.
USER'S MANUAL
P. 4
5. POWER CONNECTOR WIRING CONVENTIONS
The Ko40 requires a grounded outlet. It is very important that the system be properly grounded for both safety and proper operation.
Use the following wiring diagram to create power cables and distribution systems.
CAUTION
!
!
The Ko40 require a ground connection. Always use a grounding outlet
when connecting these units.
CAUTION
Do not operate the unit if the power cables are frayed or broken.
CAUTION
!
Keep all liquids away from the Ko15 amplifiers to avoid hazards from electrical
shocks.
6. CONNECTIONS
The Ko40 presents two 10k ohm balanced inputs impedance to three-pin XLR connectors with the following connections:
pin1 = Ground
pin2 = Signal +
pin3 = Signal -
CAUTION
!
Shorting an input connector pin to the case can form a ground loop
and cause hum.
Pins 2 and 3 carry the input as a differential signal; pin 2 is hot relative to pin 3, resulting in a positive pressure wave when a positive
signal is applied to pin 2. Use standard audio cables with XLR connectors for balanced signal sources. Make sure that pin 1 (shield)
is always connected on both ends of the cable.
If abnormal noises such as hiss and popping are produced by the loudspeaker, disconnect
the audio cable from the
speaker. If the noise stops, then most likely the problem is not with the loudspeaker. Check the audio cable, source, and AC power
for the source of the problem.
Audio signals can be easily-chained using the loop output connector on the user panel of the Ko40. A single source can drive
multiple Ko40 with a paralleled input loop, creating an unbuffered hard-wired loop connection. When driving multiple K-array
systems, make certain that the source device (mixer, etc.) can drive the total load impedance presented by the paralleled input
circuit of the array. The audio source must be capable of producing a minimum of not distorted 20 dBV (10-Vrms into 600 ohms). The
maximum peak SPL is produced with a +4dB signal.
7. AMPLIFICATION AND PROTECTION CIRCUITRY
The Ko40 is powered by the K-array digital power amplifier with a total power of 3000 watts. All the specific functions for the Ko70
such as crossovers, frequency, phase response, and loudspeakers protection are determined by a DSP processor installed inside
the amplifier. All K-array speakers are shipped with the cone drivers in correct alignment. However, if a loudspeaker needs to be
replaced, make sure the replacement is reinstalled with the correct polarity. Incorrect cone driver polarity impairs the system
performance and may damage the component.
USER'S MANUAL
P. 5
8. DSP CONTROL & REMOTE CONTROL
The Ko40 have a powerful DSP that manages all the functions of the speakers. Each system can store on board 16 preset that can be
recalled pushing the PRESET button. Once the preset will appear on the lower line of the display it will become automatically
available after few seconds. If you desire to set a preset as “default” you just need, once selected it, to keep pressed for five seconds
the PRESET button. After that, this preset will automatically be recall each time you will switch on your module. It is also possible to
remote each module by an RS485 serial port. In order to remote your system, you need to set each module on a different address, so
that, in your chain, no one module will have the same address. Two rotary encoder allow you to set the desired address number that
will appear on the top line of the display. Using the remote control software it is possible to mute each system, select a desired preset
loaded on-board or download a new preset pack.
PRESET LOADED
RESET BUTTON
ID ADDRESS x10 / x1
PRESET SCROLL
RS485 PARALLEL CONNECTIONS
USE ONLY K-ARRAY CABLES/ADAPTERS
DO NOT CONNECT TO LAN/ETHERNET!
9. CLONER FUNCTION
It is possible to clone the entire presets bank from Speaker to Speaker without any PC connected. We will call SpeakerA
the one with the presets bank that you want clone, and SpeakerB the one that will be upgraded.
Set the SpeakerA on ID 99, will appear CLONER on the display
Keep SpeakerB on any ID number between 10 and 90.
Turn off both the speakers and connect by a RJ45 8 poles cable
Turn on the SpeakerB and after the SpeakerA
SpeakerA will start to clone, on the display will appear a cont down (00/15, 01/15, etc)
Wait till 20 seconds after 15/15
Change the ID of the SpeakerA to any other ID and turn off both Speakers
Turning on the SpeakerA check that it is on mode 16x16 and NOT 4x4.
If SpeakerA is in mode 4x4, just turn off the speaker and keep press the Preset button during the turning on
The preset are cloned to the SpeakerB
USER'S MANUAL
P. 6
10. POWER SUPPLY & AUDIO SECTION
Ko40 modules are using PowerCon connectors for power supply. It is possible, using the link connector, to have more modules on the
same power supply line. You can wire a max of 4 modules on the same line if the use of them will be within the 50% of their max power. For
full power use connect max two modules on the same power supply line.
The Audio section includes a female balanced XLR connector and a male XLR connector wired in parallel. Thanks to these connectors it
is possible to feed a module and to send the same signal to another one through the LINK connector. It is possible to connect till 30
different modules in parallel on the same balanced line (with a source of 600 ohm output impedance). A Level Control potentiometer
(PAD) allows different set levels. The ground lift switch can help to solve ground loop problems due to wrong ground wiring.
AUDIO LEVEL & GROUND LIFT
GROUND CIRCUIT LOOP SWITCH
BALANCED AUDIO INPUT
BALANCED AUDIO PARALLEL LINK
MAIN POWER SWITCH
MAIN AC POWER SUPPLY IN
MAIN AC POWER SUPPLY LINK OUT
CAUTION
!
To connect high quantity of modules together by remote control, is
suggested to use K-array special 3 pole cables XLR adapters(K-XM45 and
K-XF45).
USER'S MANUAL
P. 7
11. MAINTENANCE
INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
The K array systems are an assembly of mechanical devices, and are therefore subject to wear and tear over
prolonged use, as well as damage from corrosive agents, extreme impact, or inappropriate use. Such inspection
includes examination of all load-bearing components for any sign of undue wear, twisting, buckling, cracking, rusting,
or other corrosion. Metal seams and welds should be examined for any sign of separation or deformation. HP Sound
Equipment strongly recommends that written documentation be maintained on each K-array system, noting date of
inspection, name of inspector, points of system checked, and any anomalies discovered.
CAUTION
Because of the safety issue involved, users must adopt and ad here to a schedule of regular
!
inspection and maintenance. In touring applications, key components must be inspected be for
each use.
REPLACEMENT PARTS
Any component found to be defective, or any safety-related component you even suspect might be defective, should be replaced
with the equivalent, approved part. Parts specific to a K-array system should be ordered directly from HP Sound Equipment. No
attempt should be made to substitute what appears to be equivalent or “mostly the same” generic replacements. To the best of our
knowledge, most of these suppliers are reputable and their products are reliable. However, HP Sound Equipment has no way of
assuring the quality of products made by these various suppliers. Therefore, HP Sound Equipment is not responsible for problems
caused by components that were not supplied by HP Sound Equipment.
12. ACCESSORIES
KO -TR1 - trolley
KPIN
KO -COVER1
Protection
strong bag
13. PHYSICAL
102 cm
60 cm
60 cm
85 cm
Weight 42Kg
USER'S MANUAL
P. 8
Ko40 Presets
Ko40F - Flat preset
Ko40I - Infra sub
Ko40D - 120 Hz enhancement
Preset with 1 mt delay
Ko40I_1, Ko40D_1, Ko40F_1
Check for new presets on www.k-array.com
15. CONFIGURATIONS
KH15
KH4
KK200
KH15
Ko40
USER'S MANUAL
Ko40
Ko40
Ko40
P. 9
16. TECHNICAL DATA
Acoustics
Power handling
Max power
Impedance
Operating frequency range
Frequency range
SPL 1W/1mt
Maximum SPL
1500 w 1
4000 w 2
8W
30 Hz - 120 Hz +/- 3dB (preset relating) 3
25 HZ - 150 Hz +/- 3dB (preset relating) 4
96.5 dB 5
130 dB continuos - 136 dB peak 6
Coverage
Horizontal
Vertical
omni-array dependent
omni-array dependent
Cross over
Type
Frequency
DSP controlled preset relating
150 Hz max suggested (preset relating) 7
Transducers
Low - Mid frequency
21" High excursion neodymium speakers with 6" voice coil
Audio Input
Connectors
Wiring
2 male + 2 female parallel 3 poles balanced XLR
Pin1 = ground / Pin2 = hot / Pin3 = cold
Remote control Input
Connectors
2 x female 8 poles RJ45
Power Input
Connectors
2 x PowerCon IN/OUT
( MAX OUT 4 A)
Amplifiers
Type
Power
Protections
class D - DSP controlled
4000 watts on 8 ohm 8
Dynamic limiter, over current, over temp, short circuits
AC power
Operating range
P. nom
Max continuos and burst current
Power Factor Correction
Standard 100 - 240 Vac 50/60Hz with PFC(auto-range)
900 VA
Standard 10A(>10 sec) - 20A (<1 sec)
Physical
Measures
Weight
60 x 60 x 85 cm
42 Kg
Notes for data
1. Power handling is measured following AES standard conditions: transducers driven continuously for two hours with a band-limited noise
signal having 6 dB of crest factor.
2. Max power is the maximum RMS applicable power for a musical signal, the referement signal is the one proposed by EIAJ standard.
3. Recommended maximum operating frequency range. Response depends on loading conditions and room acoustics.
4. Free field measured with 1/3 octave frequency resolution at 2 mt.
5. [email protected] mt then [email protected] mt.
6. Measured with audio source @1 mt.
7. This is the frequency in which the transducers produce the same sound pressure level ([email protected] mt).
8. Amplifier wattage rating is based on the maximum unclipped burst sine wave RMS voltage that the amplifier will produce into the nominal
load impedance .
New materials and design are introduced into existing products without previous notice.
Present systems may differ in some respects from those presented in this brochure.
USER'S MANUAL
P. 10
K-NOTES
K-array System - www.k-array.com
by HP Sound Equipment s.r.l.
Viale Roma 7/i 50037 San Piero a Sieve (Firenze) Italy - tel +39 055 8487222 fax +39 055 8487238 e-mail: [email protected]
USER'S MANUAL
P. 11
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