PDF datasheet - EV

PDF datasheet - EV
Simple EVSE Wallbox
datasheet
Table of Contents
Introduction.............................................................................................................................2
Read me first.................................................................................................................2
Theory of operation.......................................................................................................2
Compatibility..................................................................................................................2
Board description...................................................................................................................3
Features.................................................................................................................................4
Current limitation – using PROG pin 5..........................................................................4
Current boost – using PROG pin 4................................................................................4
Precise current setting with Analog Input......................................................................5
Current limitation based on external hall sensor (experimental)...................................5
External LED..................................................................................................................5
Application examples.............................................................................................................6
Minimal connection........................................................................................................6
32A EVSE with connector J1772...................................................................................7
Customer solutions........................................................................................................8
Flashing new firmware...........................................................................................................9
Last document update: 26th May 2015
1
Introduction
EVSE stands for electric vehicle supply equipment. It is an element that supplies electric
energy for the recharging of electric or plug-in vehicles.
Read me first
The EVSE board is supplied with default 32A settings. Please check the chapter
“Features” for more information about further possibilities of changing maximum charging
current. 220 Ohm RPP is included with the kit (pre-hard-wired).
Theory of operation
Pilot signal duty cycle provided by EVSE defines maximum charging capacity. The car can
define several states by pulling the pilot signal down to certain voltage levels (3V, 6V, 9V).
Based on this feedback EVSE will trigger the relay for the vehicle to charge or evaluate the
state as an error (electricity will not be provided to the output socket/connector).
For more information please check:
•
•
•
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IEC_62196
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SAE_J1772
https://github.com/kortas87/simple-evse/wiki (https://code.google.com/p/simple-evse/)
Resistance PP-PE (max cable throughput)
Resistance [ohm]
Current limit [A]
Wire cross-section [mm2]
> 1500 *
6
--
1500
13
1.5
680
20
2.5
220
32
6
100
63
16
<100 **
80
–
*
**
no resistor connected
recommended ~50 Ohm
Compatibility
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Tesla Model S
Nissan Leaf
Mitsubishi iMiev (Peugeon iOn, Citroen cZero)
Opel Ampera
eGolf
Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV
Citroen Berlingo Electrique
and others
2
Board description
Simple EVSE board has 2 connectors. 4-pin X1 for high voltage side and 6-pin for
signaling wires and control. There is also PROG connector used for new firmware flashing
(ICSP) and can be further used for adjusting EVSE current (see Features chapter).
X1, X2 and PROG connector
X1 connector
pin
name
description
L
phase
N
neutral
230V power supply for EVSE board and external
contactor
PE
protection-earth
Ground reference
rel
relay output
This output drives coil of an external contactor.
Maximum allowed current is 3A.
X2 connector
pin
name
description
AN
analog input
Used for button or current sensor input
LED
external LED
Includes 1k resistor onboard, connects to LED
anode against ground
GND
ground
Ground reference
5V
5V power output
Used as a power supply for external current sensor
(max 40mA)
PP
proximity pilot
To vehicle connector
CP
control pilot
To vehicle connector
3
PROG connector
pin
name
description
1
VPP
ICSP** / RFU* [marked by rectangle]
2
VDD
5V
3
GND
Ground
4
DAT
ICSP** / current boost function
5
CLK
ICSP** / current limit function
* reserved for future use
** firmware upgrade interface
Features
Current limitation – using PROG pin 5
Check the table for details of how you can set the maximum current. This settings will
override PIN 4 settings.
PROG connector
connection
current limit
pin5 > 4.5 V
open (internal pull-up only)
32 A [default]
2.5 V < pin5 < 4.5 V
100-200k* resistor to GND
25 A
0.2 V < pin5 < 2.5 V
~3-20k* resistor to GND
16 A
pin5 < 0.2 V
tied to GND
10 A
* resistor value may differ since internal pull-up has no defined value from production (~50k supposed), in
most cases 100k for 25A and 5k for 16A is recommended
Current boost – using PROG pin 4
Check the table for details of how you can set the maximum current.
PROG connector
connection
current limit
pin4 > 4.5 V
open (internal pull-up only)
32 A [default]
2.5 V < pin4 < 4.5 V
100-200k* resistor to GND
48 A
0.2 V < pin4 < 2.5 V
~3-20k* resistor to GND
63 A
pin4 < 0.2 V
tied to GND
80 A
* resistor value may differ since internal pull-up has no defined value from production (~50k supposed), in
most cases 5k for 63A and 100k for 48A is recommended
4
Precise current setting with Analog Input
Press and hold button connected to Analog input AN of X2 for a few seconds until LED
starts to blink rapidly. Then count LED blinks which correspond to number of ampers.
Please note that this limit will be set until you reboot the EVSE (make a power cycle).
Button is connected the way that it pulls the signal down to ground (level <1V).
Current limitation based on external hall sensor (experimental)
Simple EVSE Wallbox can tell the vehicle to follow the actual PV power plant production.
Only hall sensor (Amploc 25) output must be connected to the analog input of the board
(AN). Sensor is powered from 5V. Current will be gradually increased when overflow to a
public network is detected. When PV production decreases then duty cycle will be reduced
down to a minimum of 6A charging current.
External LED
Using the pin LED you can directly connect LED to indicate EVSE status. The output
includes 1k resistor. External LED has the same indication function as LED onboard.
5
Application examples
In these application examples we suppose that customer uses appropriate contactor with
230V coil. Please check section “Recommended contactors”.
Minimal connection
1 phase EVSE using DSIEC-2E cable. PWM duty will be limited by the size of R PP (refer to
the Theory of operation chapter). If you do not connect any R PP current will be limited to
only 6A. If your EVSE includes cable which cannot be exchanged for weaker one then you
can hard-wire RPP resistor for cable's nominal value.
DSIEC-2E Type2 connector - signal and power wires
6
32A EVSE with connector J1772
With EVSE Wallbox board you can quickly build a
charging station for your Nissan Leaf 6.6kW or any other
vehicle equipped with J1772 plug.
Optional Analog Input connection:
The internal J1772 connection allows to use S1
proximity button as an auxiliary button for EVSE. With
the help of this button you can easily change charging
current with the smallest step of 1A (see Features Precise current setting).
J1772 proximity button
connection detail
J1772 connector - signal and power wires
7
Recommended contactors
You should use relays / contactors equipped with 230V coil and connect them directly to
the board connector X1. Here are some examples which relays can be used. The most
common one (4pole contactor 25A) can be easily obtained in local electrical accessories
shop (Conrad, K&V Elektro...)
•
3-phase, maximum current 20A VS420 (e.g. Tesla 11 kW)
http://eshop.elkoep.com/vs420-40-230v-ac-detail-YU00000101.aspx
•
3-phase, maximum current 40A VS440 (e.g. Tesla 22 kW, ZOE 22 kW)
http://eshop.elkoep.com/vs440-40-230v-ac-dc-detail-OV00000101.aspx
http://www.tme.eu/cz/details/rik40-22-230/stykace-hlavni-moduly/iskra-sistemi/ik4022230vac/
•
1-phase, maximum current 16-20A (e.g. Peugeot iOn 3 kW)
http://eshop.elkoep.com/vs120-10-230v-ac-dc-detail-CM60000101.aspx
http://www.tme.eu/cz/details/rik20-11-230/stykace-hlavni-moduly/iskrasistemi/ikd20-11230vac/
http://www.tme.eu/cz/details/rt314730/elektromagneticka-rele-miniaturni/teconnectivity/0-1393240-7/
•
1-phase, maximum current 40A (e.g. Nissan Leaf 6.6 kW)
http://www.tme.eu/cz/details/r40n1021855220/elektromagneticka-rele-pro-velkeproudy/relpol/r40n-1021-85-5220/
or use normal 4-pole contactor
NOTE: In some cases it would be possible to use 12V coil relay (maximum 0.8W coil
consumption), however this approach requires desoldering the original relay and is
recommended only to advanced users. Automotive relays can handle sufficient currents
however their voltage rating is not high enough.
8
Customer solutions
J1772 EVSE with 32A CEE 5pin plug (sent by 1gachren)
Schuko 16A Tesla charging plug (sent by sefik)
9
Flashing new firmware
By flashing new firmware you could possibly upgrade the EVSE to support some future
improvements which are currently not known. Microchip IPE utility + PICKit 3 hardware is
required for this purpose. (https://microchip.wikidot.com/ipe:what-is-ipe)
Using PICKit3 to flash new software
1. install MPLAB X software (http://www.microchip.com/mplabx/)
2. enable advanced mode in settings and check “Power Target Circuit from Tool” in
“Power” tab on the left
3. put device id “PIC16F1825” and connect to your PICKit
4. select HEX file and click “Program” the device
10
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