Modular Universal Oscillograph User`s Manual

Modular Universal Oscillograph User`s Manual
22 Pleasant Street
South Natick
Massachusetts 01760
Tel. (508) 655-7000
Fax. (508) 655-6029
Telex 948339
Operating and Maintenance
Instructions
Modular Universal
Oscillograph
Catalog Numbers:
50-8630
2-Channel Curvilinear
115 VAC / 60 Hz
50-8622
2-Channel Curvilinear
230 VAC / 50 Hz
50-8655
2-Channel Rectilinear
115 VAC / 60 Hz
50-8648
2-Channel Rectilinear
230 VAC / 50 Hz
50-9315
4-Channel Curvilinear
115 VAC / 60 Hz
50-9307
4-Channel Curvilinear
230 VAC / 50 Hz
50-9331
4-Channel Rectilinear
115 VAC / 60 Hz
50-9323
4-Channel Rectilinear
230 VAC / 50 Hz
Publication
Revision
Date
#
0
01/11/95
Table of Contents
Subject
Page(s)
Important Notice ..............................................
2
Introduction .....................................................
2
Specifications ...................................................
3
Operating Procedure:
Unpacking the Oscillograph ....................
4-5
Loading the Paper ......................................
6
Controls and Sockets:
Time and Event Markers .....................
7
Pen Amplifiers ......................................
8-9
Blanking Panels ....................................
9
Mains Power ..........................................
10
Chart Drive System ...............................
10
Connection to Power Supply ....................
11
Setting Up and Operation ......................... 12 - 13
Service Information:
Spare Parts ...................................................
14
Replacing the Fuse .....................................
15
Customer Contact Addresses ...................
17
1
IMPORTANT NOTICE
This unit is intended for use as a research or teaching tool ONLY and is not authorized for use as a
component in a life support device or other clinical
system. Therefore neither we nor our agents can
be held responsible if this notice is disregarded.
Introduction
The Harvard Universal Modular Oscillograph is the basic portion of a much larger system which includes transducers,
“electrode recording” systems, data storage and computer
interface units.
There are two basic models available:
1)
With curvilinear recording
2)
With rectilinear recording
The basic operation of each Oscillograph is the same. Each
model is available with either two channels or four channels.
Each channel has its own direct input socket as well as facilities to accept our range of “Interfaces” or “Preamplifiers”.
The Oscillograph is modular in design. For example, if you
have single channel you can easily convert it for two channel
recording by adding another pen amplifier assembly. All the
necessary connections are already in the chassis.
This manual deals with one channel only. The basic operation of all the channels is the same.
For full details of all accessories available from Harvard,
please see our current catalog.
2
Specifications
Number Of Channels
Trace Width:
Curvilinear
Rectilinear
Chart Paper Roll:
2-Channel
4-Channel
Chart Speeds
Time Marker
Event Marker
Response Time
Non-Linearity
Pen Positioning
Pen Limiting
Operating Temperature
Type of Write Out
Frequency Response:
Curvilinear
Rectilinear
Direct Input Sensitivity
Direct Input Voltage
Input Impedance
Dimensions, H x W x D:
2-Channel Recorder
4-Channel Recorder
Weight:
2-Channel Recorder
4-Channel Recorder
2 or 4 depending on model purchased
50 mm (2 in)
40 mm (1.6 in)
For either curvilinear or rectilinear
127 mm x 100 m
229 mm x 100 m
0.1, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2.5, 5, 10, 25, 50
and 100 mm/sec
1, 5, 10, 30 and 60 sec, selectable
Panel mounted push-button and via
remote lead (supplied)
Better than 10 msec
Better than 5% over full scale
DC offset better than 3 times channel
width
Mechanical and electrical
0 to 40°C
Ink on paper – rectilinear or
curvilinear
DC to 70 Hz ±3 dB (flat)
DC to 40 Hz ±3 dB (flat)
30 mV/cm maximum
10 V maximum via BNC type socket
100 kΩ
195 x 508 x 205 mm (7 x 20 x 8 in)
195 x 508 x 305 mm (7 x 20 x 12 in)
10 kg (22 lb)
14.5 kg (36 lb)
3
Operating Procedure Section 3
3.1.0 Unpacking the Oscillograph
Letters in brackets e.g. [A], [B] etc. refer to Fig. XX on page
XX.
Underneath the top polystyrene packing piece there is a loose
parcel containing:
Item #
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
Part Description
Perspex Pen Cover
Pen Ink Feed Systems
Recording Pens
Disposable Marker Pens
Ink Cartridges
Qty.
1
2
2
2
2
See Fig. XX on facing page for detailed drawings of each part
listed above.
Push the ink cartridges into the holes just above the Pen Zero
Controls (S).
Examine the Pen Ink Feed System. Hold this assembly
between your thumb and fore-finger about 3 to 4 mm from
the bottom of the long metal tube as shown in Fig. XX. Now
push this assembly into the ink cartridge hole against the ball
bearing, pushing it and the ink feed assembly into the ink
cartridge, see Fig. XX.
Fit the recording pens into their cradles so that the pivot pins
are in their slots and the spring holds the pen in place. Now
connect the rubber ink tube to the recording pen. This is just
a simple “push fit” operation.
Now fit the time and event marker cartridges, see Fig. XX.
Remove the pen cover screws and collars, see Fig. XXa, place
the pen cover in position, see Fig. XXb, and replace the
screws and collars so that the pen cover can pivot on them.
4
3.1.1 Loading the Paper Roll
Letters in brackets e.g. [A], [B] etc. refer to Fig. XX on page
XX.
Make sure that the paper drive lever [M] is in the OFF position. Lift the pen cover [N] and the pen(s) [R].
The Oscillograph is shipped with a roll of paper for either 2
or
4 channel recording, depending on which model you have.
The roll of paper will be found inside the Oscillograph.
Loosen the two paper drive cover screws [Q] by turning them
counterclockwise. Remove the paper roll and its spindle
from the hooks inside. Remove the wrapping from the roll.
Now replace the paper roll and the spindle making sure that
the tail of the paper points to the right and is at the bottom
of the roll, see Fig. XXa.
Pull the paper tail up about 20 centimeters and close the
paper drive assembly leaving the paper tail pointing out of
the machine. Tighten the screws [Q].
Take the tail of the paper roll and slide the paper under the
guides, see Fig. XXb, and under the rubber roller.
When the paper is running low there is a red line printed on
the chart warning that the roll should be changed.
5
3.2.0 the Controls and Sockets
Letters in brackets e.g. [A], [B] etc. refer to Fig. XX on page
XX.
Time and Event Markers
Time Marker Pen [A] – This is a disposable fiber tipped
pen which has a small plastic cap to protect the pen tip and
to reduce the chance of the ink drying when the pen is not
in use. To use the pen remove the cap and then replace it
when you have finished recording. This pen will mark the
chart at intervals determined by the TIME control [D].
Event Marker [B] – This is a similar type of pen to the
Time Maker [A]. The Event Maker pen is operated by pressing the Event Marker switch [E], or by using the remote event
marker lead, see Remote Socket [F] below.
Time Control [D] – This control allows the user to select
how often the time marker pen [A] marks the chart. Time
intervals of 1, 5, 10, 30 and 60 seconds can be selected.
There is also an OFF position.
Event Marker Button [E] – Press this button and the event
marker pen will move down about 2 mm. The pen will stay
there until the button is released, causing the pen to return to
its original position.
Remote Socket [F] – This socket accepts the “remote event
marker” lead (supplied) which allows remote operation of the
event marker pen [D].
6
Pen Amplifiers
Recording Pen [R] – This writes data onto the chart. It is capillary feed, therefore it should be kept free of ink when the
Oscillograph is not in use (this reduces the risk of the ink drying
in the pens, see instructions 10 and 15 on page XX).
Pen Zero Control [S] – This adjusts the DC level of the pen
[R]. Turning the control clockwise will move the pen upwards
(positive). Also see Polarity Switch [X] below.
Pen Priming System [U & V] – The action of this system is
described by instructions 10 and 15 on page XX.
Gain Control [W] – The adjusts the amplitude of the waveform produced by the pen. Clockwise rotation of the control
increases the gain. To calibrate the gain, use the CAL 0.1 Switch
[Z].
Monitor Socket [X] – This allows access to the signal going to
the pens. The approximate output from this socket is 80 mv (for
curvilinear) and 120 mV (for rectilinear) per centimeter of pen
movement.
Polarity Switch [Y] – This switch allows you to invert the
waveform on the chart. When in the “+” position (up) a positive
voltage applied to the input of the Oscillograph will move the
recording pens upwards. When in the “–” position (down) a
positive voltage applied to the input of the Oscillograph will
make the pens move downwards (as a reminder, the Pen Zero
Control [S] will operate in reverse).
CAL 0.1 Switch [Z] – Pulling the CAL switch down connects a
0.1 V calibration level to the pen amplifier. When operated, the
pen will deflect upwards. The distance it deflects is equivalent
to 0.1 V. When the switch is released, the pen should return to
its original position. The distance that the pen moves when the
CAL switch is operated is always equivalent to 0.1 V regardless
of the setting of the Gain Control [W]. With the Polarity Switch
[Y] in the “–” position, the pen moves down when the CAL
switch is operated.
7
AC-DC Switch [AA] – In the AC position (up), the pen
amplifier is AC coupled and in the DC position (down), it is
DC or “direct coupled”.
Direct Input [AB] – This allows the connection of the
Harvard range of free standing preamplifiers as well as other
preamplifiers with a suitable single ended output. Also the
Harvard 50-6374 Battery Powered Isotonic Transducer can be
connected to this socket, as well as the Harvard range of
Research Grade Transducers.
Direct-Off-Interface Switch [AC] – This allows the connection to the pen amplifier of either the Direct Input Socket
[AB] or the Interface (optional extra) in position [H]. When in
the OFF position (center) the input to the pen amplifier is
disconnected from both the Direct Input [AB] and the interface, allowing the initial setting up of the Pen Zero Control.
Blanking Panels
Blank Panel [G] – This is where optional extras such as our
digital display meter are fitted.
Blank Panels [H] – These panels cover the openings on
the Oscillograph that accept interface units. To insert an
interface unit into the Oscillograph, remove a panel by
unscrewing the thumb screws. Now insert the interface and
secure it in place by replacing the thumb screws.
8
Mains Power
Power Indicator [C] – This lights up when the Power
Switch [J] is in the ON position. Note: It will not light up if
the mains fuse has blown, see Section 4.
Power Switch [J] – This turns the AC power to the machine
ON or OFF. Press the right hand side of the toggle switch to
turn the power ON. Press the left hand side of the toggle
switch to turn the AC power OFF. When the power is on the
Power Indicator [C] will illuminate.
Mains Voltage Selector Switch [K] – This allows you to
select either 230 volts or 115 volts depending on your local
main power supply. IF YOU ARE UNSURE, SEEK ADVISE
FROM AN ELECTRICIAN.
Mains Voltage Inlet [L] – This accepts one end of the
mains power cable (supplied). It also houses the mains fuse
(plus one spare fuse). If the mains fuse should blow, please
refer to Section 4 for instructions on fuse replacement.
Chart Drive System
Chart Drive Lever [M] – When the lever is pushed to the
right, the chart drive is disengaged even though the motor is
still running. When the lever is pushed to the left, the chart
drive is engaged and the paper will move at the speed indicated by the Chart Speed Control [T].
Chart Speed Control [T] – This control adjusts the speed at
which the paper passes under the pens. 10 speeds are available: 0.1, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2.5, 5, 10, 25, 50 and 100 mm/sec.
Pen Cover [N] – This cover protects the pens from accidental damage. It should be down when the machine is in use.
Pen Lift Lever [P] – This lever lifts and lowers the pens to
the chart. Turn the lever to the right to lift the pens. Turn
the lever to the left to lower the pens onto the chart.
9
3.3.0 Connection to Main Power Supply
Before connecting the Oscillograph to the main power supply, check that the unit is compatible with your power supply
voltage. This is done by checking the Voltage Selector Switch
[K] and the label at the end of the Oscillograph.
THIS UNIT MUST BE EARTHED.
Connect the power cable of the Oscillograph to a suitable
three pin plug in accordance with the following:
Brown Wire:
LIVE
Blue Wire:
NEUTRAL
Green/Yellow Wire: EARTH
10
terminal of your plug
terminal of your plug
terminal of your plug
3.4.0 Setting Up and Operation
Please note IMPORTANT NOTICE on page 1.
Letters in brackets e.g. [A], [B] etc. refer to Fig. XX on page XX.
If you have just received your Oscillograph please refer to
3.1.0 on page XX.
If you are not familiar with the operation and use of the controls and sockets, please read Section 3.2.0.
The setting up operation continues below. For class use you
may wish to photocopy this page, the facing page and any relevant diagrams on page XX. There is a basic procedure which
should be followed that is common to all uses of the
Oscillograph. Proceed as follows:
1)
Check that you have sufficient paper for your experiment, see Section 3.1.1 for details of gaining access to
paper holders.
2)
Check that you have sufficient ink in your ink cartridges.
3)
If you are going to use the event and time markers,
remove the protective caps from the marker pens.
Remember to replace them after use.
4)
Set Direct-Off-Interface Switch [AB] to OFF, Polarity
Switch [Y] to “+” and the AC-DC Switch [AA] to DC.
5)
Set Chart Drive Lever [M] to OFF.
6)
Set Gain Control [W] to zero (fully counterclockwise).
7)
Switch Power [J] to ON.
8)
Select a Chart Speed [T].
9)
Set Chart Drive Lever [M] to ON and the Pen Lift Lever
[P] to the left (pens in the down position).
11
10)
Priming the pens: close the hole [V] and squeeze the
bulb [U] until the ink appears at the pen tip. For most
applications, the level of the ink in the cartridge should
be in line with the top panel of the Oscillograph. Ink
flow through the pens is increased by lifting the ink
cartridge so that the ink level is above the panel.
11)
Adjust the Pen Zero Control [S] so that the pen is writing in the center of its sweep (there is a line printed in
heavier ink on the chart to help you).
12)
Set Chart Drive Lever [M] to OFF.
13)
The Oscillograph is now ready to be connected to your
input.
14)
When you have finished recording, ensure the ink cartridge is pushed back down (otherwise the ink may
flood).
15)
Now drain the pens of ink by squeezing the bulb [U],
closing the hole [V], then release the bulb [U] to draw
the ink back into the ink cartridge (to reduce the
chance of the pens blocking with dried ink).
If you have any problems with the use of our products, please
contact us (if in the U.K.) or our agents. See Customer Contact
Addresses on page XX.
12
Service Information
4.0.1 Spare Parts
Below is a list of spares and consumables. If the Item
you require is not listed, please contact us or our agent.
See page XX for our address and telephone number.
Catalog No.
50-9034
50-9026
50-9372
50-9364
Product Description
Chart Paper Roll for 2-Channel
Chart Paper Roll for 2-Channel
Chart Paper Roll for 4-Channel
Chart Paper Roll for 4-Channel
50-9018
50-9174
50-9182
50-9190
Ink
Ink
Ink
Ink
50-9091
50-9083
300-0863
Replacement Pen – Curvilinear
Replacement Pen – Rectilinear
Replacement Pen – Time/Event Marker
50-9000
Ink Priming Assembly
A-9422-01
A-9430-01
Perspex Pen Cover for 2-Channel Oscillograph
Perspex Pen Cover for 4-Channel Oscillograph
590-0863
Fuse, 1 Ampere, pkg of 3
Cartridge
Cartridge
Cartridge
Cartridge
–
–
–
–
Curvilinear Oscillograph
Rectilinear Oscillograph
Curvilinear Oscillograph
Rectilinear Oscillograph
Black
Blue
Red
Green
13
4.0.2 Replacing the Main Power Fuse
Just below the main power input connector [L] there is a
small drawer containing the main power fuse plus one
spare fuse. To gain access to this drawer, remove the
main power input cable from the connector. Then,
with reference to Fig. XX, place the edge of a screwdriver as shown and twist the screwdriver. This will
cause the drawer to open slightly. Pull the draw fully
open with your fingers. The fuse in position (ii) is the
spare. Remove the fuse in position (i) by pushing with
a screwdriver from underneath the drawer. Remove
the spare fuse by the same method and drop it into
position (i). Push the drawer closed. NOW ORDER
SOME SPARE FUSES!
14
Customer Contact Addresses
Customers located in the U.K., U.S.A., CANADA and FRANCE
In the event of a system breakdown, please contact our local office
(address etc. below) stating the nature of the fault and the approximate date of purchase, if possible.
Customers located in places other than listed above
In the event of a system breakdown, please contact our local agent
or, if one is not available, contact our U.K. office direct (address etc.
below) stating the nature of the fault and the approximate date of
purchase, if possible.
ENGLAND
Harvard Apparatus Ltd.
Fircroft Way
Edenbridge
Kent TN8 6HE ENGLAND
Telephone:
Fax:
Telex:
(0732) 864 001
(0732) 863 356
95292 SRI G.
Telephone:
Toll Free:
Fax:
Telex
508-655-7000
800-272-2755
508-655-6029
948339
Telephone:
Toll Free:
Fax:
Telex:
514-335-0792
800-361-1905
514-335-3482
05-824064
Telephone:
Fax:
(1) 64 46 25 00
(1) 64 46 94 38
U.S.A.
Harvard Apparatus, Inc.
22 Pleasant Street
So. Natick, MA 01760 USA
CANADA
Harvard Apparatus Canada
6010 Vanden Abeele Street
Saint-Laurent, Quebec
CANADA H4S 1R9
FRANCE
Ealing S.A.R.L.
6 Avenue Des Andes
Miniparc – Bât. 8
91952 LES ULIS Cédex FRANCE
15
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