Chapter 1.qxd

Chapter 1.qxd
Chapter 9: Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Machine Startup and Program Troubleshooting
The DL05 Micro PLCs provide several features that can help you debug your program before
and during machine startup. This section discusses the following topics which can be very
helpful.
• Program Syntax Check
• Duplicate Reference Check
• Special Instructions
• Run Time Edits
• Forcing I/O Points
Syntax Check
Even though the Handheld Programmer and DirectSOFT32 provide error checking during
program entry, you may want to check a program that has been modified. Both programming
devices offer a way to check the program syntax. For example, you can use AUX 21, CHECK
PROGRAM to check the program syntax from a Handheld Programmer, or you can use the
PLC Diagnostics menu option within DirectSOFT32. This check will find a wide variety of
programming errors. The following example shows how to use the syntax check with a
Handheld Programmer.
Use AUX 21 to perform syntax check
CLR
C
B
2
1
AUX
ENT
AUX 21 CHECK PRO
1:SYN 2:DUP REF
Select syntax check (default selection)
ENT
(You may not get the busy display
if the program is not very long.)
BUSY
One of two displays will appear
Error Display (example)
$00050 E401
MISSING END
(shows location in question)
Syntax OK display
NO SYNTAX ERROR
?
See the Error Codes Section for a complete listing of programming error codes. If you get an
error, just press CLR and the Handheld will display the instruction where the error occurred.
Correct the problem and continue running the Syntax check until the NO SYNTAX ERROR
message appears.
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Special Instructions
There are several instructions that can be used to help you debug your program during
machine startup operations.
• END
• PAUSE
• STOP
END Instruction: If you need a way to quickly disable part of the program, just insert an
END statement prior to the portion that should be disabled. When the CPU encounters the
END statement, it assumes that is the end of the program. The following diagram shows an
example.
New END disables X10 and Y1
Normal Program
X0
X2
X1
X3
Y0
X4
X0
X2
X1
X3
Y0
X4
Y1
X10
END
Y1
X10
END
END
PAUSE Instruction: This instruction provides a quick way to allow the inputs (or other logic)
to operate while disabling selected outputs. The output image register is still updated, but the
output circuits are not. For example, you could make this conditional by adding an input
contact or CR to control the instruction with a switch or a programming device. Or, you
could just add the instruction without any conditions so the selected outputs would be
disabled at all times.
PAUSE disables Y0 and Y1
Normal Program
X0
X2
X1
X3
Y0
Y0 – Y1
PAUSE
X10
X4
Y1
X0
X2
X1
X3
X10
Y0
X4
Y1
END
END
STOP Instruction: Sometimes during machine startup you need a way to quickly turn off all
the outputs and return to Program Mode. You can use the STOP instruction. When this
instruction is executed the CPU automatically exits Run Mode and enters Program Mode.
Remember, all outputs are turned off during Program Mode. The following diagram shows an
example of a condition that returns the CPU to Program Mode.
DL05 Micro PLC User Manual, 5th Edition, 6/04
Chapter 9: Maintenance and Troubleshooting
STOP puts CPU in Program Mode
Normal Program
X0
X2
Y0
X7
ST OP
X1
X3
X4
Y1
X5
X0
X2
X1
X3
Y0
X4
X5
Y1
END
END
In the example shown above, you could trigger X7 which would execute the STOP
instruction. The CPU would enter Program Mode and all outputs would be turned off.
Duplicate Reference Check
You can also check for multiple uses of the same output coil. Both programming devices offer
a way to check for this condition.. For example, you can AUX 21, CHECK PROGRAM to
check for duplicate references from a Handheld Programmer, or you can use the PLC
Diagnostics menu option within DirectSOFT32. The following example shows how to
perform the duplicate reference check with a Handheld Programmer.
Use AUX 21 to perform syntax check
CLR
C
B
2
1
AUX
ENT
AUX 21 CHECK PRO
1:SYN 2:DUP REF
Select duplicate reference check
ENT
(You may not get the busy
display if the program is not
very long.)
BUSY
One of two displays will appear
Error Display (example)
(shows location in question)
Syntax OK display
$00024 E471
DUP COIL REF
NO DUP REFS
?
If you get an error, just press CLR and the Handheld will display the instruction where the
error occurred. Correct the problem and continue running the Duplicate Reference check
until no duplicate references are found.
NOTE: You can use the same coil in more than one location, especially in programs containing Stage
instructions and / or OROUT instructions. The Duplicate Reference check will find occurrences, even
though they are acceptable.
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Run Time Edits
The DL05 Micro PLC allows you to make changes to the application program during Run
Mode. These edits are not “bumpless.” Instead, CPU scan is momentarily interrupted (and
the outputs are maintained in their current state) until the program change is complete. This
means if the output is off, it will remain off until the program change is complete. If the
output is on, it will remain on.
WARNING: Only authorized personnel fully familiar with all aspects of the application should make
changes to the program. Changes during Run Mode become effective immediately. Make
sure you thoroughly consider the impact of any changes to minimize the risk of personal
injury or damage to equipment. There are some important operational changes during Run
Time Edits.
1. If there is a syntax error in the new instruction, the CPU will not enter the Run Mode.
2. If you delete an output coil reference and the output was on at the time, the output will
remain on until it is forced off with a programming device.
3. Input point changes are not acknowledged during Run Time Edits, so, if you’re using a
high-speed operation and a critical input comes on, the CPU may not see the change.
Not all instructions can be edited during a Run Time Edit session. The following list shows
the instructions that can be edited.
Mnemonic
TMR
TMRF
TMRA
TMRAF
CNT
UDC
SGCNT
STR, STRN
AND, ANDN
OR, ORN
STRE, STRNE
ANDE, ANDNE
ORE, ORNE
STR, STRN
AND, ANDN
Description
Timer
Fast timer
Accumulating timer
Accumulating fast timer
Counter
Up / Down counter
Stage counter
Store, Store not
And, And not
Or, Or not
Store equal, Store not equal
And equal, And not equal
Or equal, Or not equal
Store greater than or equal
Store less than
And greater than or equal
And less than
Mnemonic
OR, ORN
LD
LDD
ADDD
SUBD
MUL
DIV
CMPD
ANDD
ORD
XORD
LDF
OUTF
SHFR
SHFL
NCON
DL05 Micro PLC User Manual, 5th Edition, 6/04
Description
Or greater than or equal or less than
Load data (constant)
Load data double (constant)
Add data double (constant)
Subtract data double (constant)
Multiply (constant)
Divide (constant)
Compare accumulator (constant)
And accumulator (constant)
Or accumulator (constant)
Exclusive or accumulator (constant)
Load discrete points to accumulator
Output accumulator to discrete points
Shift accumulator right
Shift accumulator left
Numeric constant
Chapter 9: Maintenance and Troubleshooting
We’ll use the program logic shown to describe
how this process works. In the example, we’ll
change X0 to C10. Note, the example assumes
you have already placed the CPU in Run Mode.
X0
X1
Y0
OUT
C0
Use the MODE key to select
Run Time Edits
y
MODE
NEXT
NEXT
*MODE CHANGE*
RUN TIME EDIT?
ENT
Press ENT to confirm the Run Time Edits
ENT
(Note, the RUN LED on the D2–HPP
Handheld starts flashing to indicate
Run T ime Edits are enabled.)
*MODE CHANGE*
RUNTIME EDITS
Find the instruction you want to change (X0).
SHFT
X
A
SET
0
SHFT
FD REF
FIND
$00000 STR X0
Press the arrow key to move to the X. Then enter the new contact (C10).
SHFT
C
B
2
A
1
0
ENT
RUNTIME EDIT?
STR C10
Press ENT to confirm the change.
ENT
(Note, once you press ENT , the next
address is displayed.
OR C0
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Forcing I/O Points
There are many times, especially during machine startup and troubleshooting, that you need
the capability to force an I/O point to be either on or off. Before you use a programming
device to force any data type it is important you understand how the DL05 CPUs process the
forcing requests.
WARNING: Only authorized personnel fully familiar with the application should make program changes.
Do thoroughly consider the impact of any changes to minimize the risk of personal injury or
damage to equipment.
Bit Forcing — Bit forcing temporarily changes the status of a discrete bit. For example, you
may want to force an input on even though the program has turned it off. This allows you to
change the point status stored in the image register. The forced value will be valid until the
CPU writes to the image register location during the next scan. This is useful you just need to
force a bit on to trigger another event.
X0
Y0
OUT
The following diagrams show a brief example of how
you could use the D2–HPP Handheld Programmer to
C0
force an I/O point. The example assumes you have
already placed the CPU into Run Mode.
From a clear display, use the following keystrokes
STAT
Use the PREV or NEXT keys to select the Y data type. (Once the Y appears, press 0 to
start at Y0.)
NEXT
A
0
Y10
ENT
Y0
Use arrow keys to select point, then use ON and OFF to change the status
Y2 is now on
Y 10
ON
INS
SHFT
Y0
Bit Forcing with Direct Access
From a blank display, use the following keystrokes to force Y 7 ON
Solid fill indicates point is on.
SHFT
Y
MLS
H
7
SHFT
ON
INS
BIT FORCE
Y7
From a blank display, use the following keystrokes to force Y 7 OFF
No fill indicates point is off.
SHFT
9–16
16P STATUS
BIT REF X
ENT
Y
MLS
H
7
SHFT
OFF
DEL
BIT FORCE
Y7
DL05 Micro PLC User Manual, 5th Edition, 6/04
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