WNL-9331 Manual - PLANET Technology Corporation.

WNL-9331 Manual - PLANET Technology Corporation.
802.11n Wireless PCI Adapter
WNL-9331
User’s Manual
Version: 1.0
Date: May 2010
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by PLANET Technology Corp. All rights reserved. No part of this
publication may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, or
translated into any language or computer language, in any form or by any means, electronic,
mechanical, magnetic, optical, chemical, manual or otherwise, without the prior written
permission of PLANET.
PLANET makes no representations or warranties, either expressed or implied, with respect to
the contents hereof and specifically disclaims any warranties, merchantability or fitness for any
particular purpose. Any software described in this manual is sold or licensed "as is". Should
the programs prove defective following their purchase, the buyer (and not PLANET, its
distributor, or its dealer) assumes the entire cost of all necessary servicing, repair, and any
incidental or consequential damages resulting from any defect in the software. Further,
PLANET reserves the right to revise this publication and to make changes from time to time in
the contents hereof without obligation to notify any person of such revision or changes.
All brand and product names mentioned in this manual are trademarks and/or registered
trademarks of their respective holders.
Federal Communication Commission Interference Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device,
pursuant to Part 15 of FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection
against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and
can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the
instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no
guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does
cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning
the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or
more of the following measures:
1. Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
2. Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
3. Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the
receiver is connected.
4. Consult the dealer or an experienced radio technician for help.
FCC Caution
To assure continued compliance. (Example - use only shielded interface cables when
connecting to computer or peripheral devices). Any changes or modifications not expressly
approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to operate the
equipment.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the Following two
conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this Device must
accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
Federal Communication Commission (FCC) Radiation
Exposure Statement
This equipment complies with FCC radiation exposure set forth for an uncontrolled
environment. In order to avoid the possibility of exceeding the FCC radio frequency exposure
limits, human proximity to the antenna shall not be less than 20 cm (8 inches) during normal
operation.
CE mark Warning
This is a class B device, in a domestic environment; this product may cause radio interference,
in which case the user may be required to take adequate measures.
R&TTE Compliance Statement
This equipment complies with all the requirements of DIRECTIVE 1999/5/CE OF THE
EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL OF 9 March 1999 on radio equipment and
telecommunication terminal Equipment and the mutual recognition of their conformity (R&TTE).
The R&TTE Directive repeals and replaces in the directive 98/13/EEC (Telecommunications
Terminal Equipment and Satellite Earth Station Equipment) As of April 8, 2000.
Safety
This equipment is designed with the utmost care for the safety of those who install and use it.
However, special attention must be paid to the dangers of electric shock and static electricity
when working with electrical equipment. All guidelines of this and of the computer manufacture
must therefore be allowed at all times to ensure the safe use of the equipment.
EU Countries Intended for Use
The ETSI version of this device is intended for home and office use in Austria Belgium,
Denmark, Finland, and France (with Frequency channel restrictions). Germany, Greece,
Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg .The Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and United Kingdom.
The ETSI version of this device is also authorized for use in EFTA member states Iceland,
Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland.
WEEE regulation
To avoid the potential effects on the environment and human health as a result of
the presence of hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment,
end users of electrical and electronic equipment should understand the meaning
of the crossed-out wheeled bin symbol. Do not dispose of WEEE as unsorted
municipal waste and have to collect such WEEE separately.
Revision
User’s Manual for PLANET 802.11n Wireless PCI Adapter
Model: WNL-9331
Rev: 1.0 (May, 2010)
Part No. EM-WNL9331
Table of Contents
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................ 6
1-1 FEATURES .....................................................................................................................................6
1-2 SAFETY INFORMATION...................................................................................................................7
1-3 SPECIFICATION ..............................................................................................................................8
1-4 PACKAGE CONTENTS ....................................................................................................................9
1-5 HARDWARE INFO .........................................................................................................................10
CHAPTER 2: INSTALLATION .................................................................................................11
CHAPTER 3: GENERAL CONFIGURATION ......................................................................... 16
3-1 PROFILE MANAGEMENT ..............................................................................................................17
3-1-1 System Configuration ......................................................................................................18
3-1-2 Authority/Encryption setting............................................................................................20
3-1-3 Using 802.11x...................................................................................................................22
3-2 NETWORK-CONFIGURATION UTILITY ..........................................................................................25
3-2-1 Using configuration Utility ...............................................................................................25
3-2-2 Connect to an Access Point ...........................................................................................27
3-3 ADVANCED SETTINGS .................................................................................................................31
3-4 VIEW NETWORK LINK STATISTICS ..............................................................................................33
3-5 WMM SETTING ...........................................................................................................................34
3-6 WPS CONFIGURATION................................................................................................................35
3-6-1 WPS Setup - PBC (Push-Button Configuration) .........................................................35
3-6-2 WPS Setup - PIN .............................................................................................................38
3-7 RADIO ON/OFF ...........................................................................................................................40
3-8 ABOUT .........................................................................................................................................41
3-9 HELP............................................................................................................................................42
CHAPTER 4: SOFT-AP FUNCTION....................................................................................... 43
4-1 SWITCH TO AP MODE AND BASIC CONFIGURATION ...................................................................43
4-2 SECURITY SETTINGS ...................................................................................................................46
4-3 ACCESS CONTROL ......................................................................................................................48
4-4 CONNECTION TABLE ....................................................................................................................50
4-5 EVENT LOG .................................................................................................................................51
4-6 STATISTICS ..................................................................................................................................52
CHAPTER 5: APPENDIX........................................................................................................ 54
5-1 TROUBLESHOOTING ....................................................................................................................54
5-2 GLOSSARY ..................................................................................................................................57
Chapter 1: Introduction
Complying with the most innovative 802.11n technology, PLANET delivers a reliable and cost
effective solution - WNL-9331. WNL-9331 is a PCI 2.2 wireless adapter which integrates one
transmit channel and two concurrent receive channels; thus, it supports upload and download
up to 150Mbps data rate. Using 2.4GHz frequency band, it is backward compatible with
802.11b and 802.11g for users to create a new wireless environment based on existing
wireless network.
The WNL-9331 provides a feature rich wireless connectivity. It supports WMM to maintain
stable multimedia quality by granting high priority for such packets. For security, the WNL-9331
supports the most advanced mechanism, WPA2, to protect the information exchange through
wireless. Moreover, in order to simplify the security configurations, WPS (Wi-Fi Protected
Setup) is enhanced in WNL-9331. This design helps inexperienced users to secure their
wireless network quickly and easily.
The WNL-9331 supports most popular operating systems, Windows XP / Vista / Windows 7.
With advanced features and high speed capability, the WNL-9331 gives users the greatest
performance anytime anywhere.
1-1 Features
z
2.4GHz ISM band, unlicensed operation
z
Compliant with IEEE 802.11b, IEEE 802.11g, IEEE 802.11n
z
Support PCI v2.1/2.2 standard
z
Antenna: One external 3dBi Dipole Antenna with one TX and one RX
z
Provides download and upload up to 150Mbps data rate
z
Supports Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS)
z
Supports WEP , WPA, WPA2 high-level security mechanisms
z
Supports WMM (Wi-Fi Multi-Media) function to meet the multi-media data bandwidth
requirement. (the connected AP and the application must support WMM as well)
z
Supports Software AP mode
z
QoS function: Control the bandwidth required for different applications
z
Supports most popular operating systems including Windows XP, Vista and Windows 7.
1-2 Safety Information
In order to keep the safety of users and your properties, please follow the following safety
instructions:
1. This PCI wireless network card is designed for indoor use only. DO NOT expose this
network card to direct sun light, rain, or snow.
2. DO NOT put this network card at or near hot or humid places, like kitchen or bathroom. Also,
do not left this wireless network card in the car in summer.
3. This network card is small enough to put in a child’s mouth, and it could cause serious injury
or could be fatal. If they throw the network card, the card will be damaged. PLEASE KEEP
THIS NETWORK CARD OUT THE REACH OF CHILDREN!
4. This network card will become hot when being used for long time (This is normal and is not
a malfunction). DO NOT put the network card on a paper, cloth, or other flammable objects
after the network card has been used for a long time.
5. There’s no user-serviceable part inside the network card. If you found that the network card
is not working properly, please contact your dealer of purchase and ask for help. DO NOT
disassemble the network card by your self, warranty will be void.
6. If the network card falls into water, DO NOT USE IT AGAIN BEFORE YOU SEND THE
CARD TO THE DEALER OF PURCHASE FOR INSPECTION.
7. If you smell something strange or even see some smoke coming out from the network card,
switch the computer off immediately, and call dealer of purchase for help.
1-3 Specification
Interface
Complaint with PCI 2.2 standard
Standards Conformance Compliant with 802.11b / 802.11g / 802.11n
11b: 1/2/5.5/11Mbps
Data Rate
11g: 6/9/12/24/36/48/54Mbps
11n (20MHz): MCS0-7 (up to 72Mbps)
11n (40MHz): MCS0-7 (up to 150Mbps)
Antenna
External 3dBi Dipole Antenna with RP-SMA Connector
Operating Mode
Infrastructure / Ad-Hoc Mode / Soft-AP Mode
Security
WEP 64/128bit, WPA, WPA2 , WPA-PSK , WPA2-PSK
Cisco CCX Support
802.11b: DSSS, CCK, QPSK, BPSK
RF Modulation
802.11g: OFDM
802.11n: 64QAM, 16QAM, QPSK, BPSK
11b mode: 17+/-1.5dBm
Output Power
11g mode: 15+/-1.5dBm
11n mode: 15+/-1.5dBm
Frequency Band
2400-2485MHz
Management
Built-in utility or Windows XP Zero Configuration utility
1-4 Package Contents
Before you begin the installation, please check the items of your package. The package should
include the following items:
z
WNL-9331 x 1
z
Driver and User’s Manual CD x 1
z
Quick Installation Guide x 1
z
External Antenna x 1
If any of the above items is missing, contact your supplier as soon as possible.
1-5 Hardware Info
For WNL-9331
System Requirements
„
„
„
„
An empty PCI slot
Windows XP, Vista, or Windows 7 operating system
CD-ROM drive
At least 100MB of available disk space
SWITCH THE COMPUTER OFF, remove the cover and insert the wireless network card into an empty
PCI slot of your computer.
LED Name Light
Status
Link
On
Off
Tx/Rx
Blinking
Off
Description
Link to a wireless access point
Radio is switched to off.
Transferring / receiving data
No wireless activity
Chapter 2: Installation
Note 1: If you had ever installed the other Wireless Cards before, please uninstall
the existed drivers and utilities first.
Note 2: The installation below is performed in Windows XP system. The
installations in Windows 2000 / Vista / Win7 are similar.
1. SWITCH THE COMPUTER OFF, remove the cover and insert the wireless network card
into an empty PCI slot of your computer and then replace the cover.
2. The system will find the new hardware and display the below message. Click “Cancel” to
skip.
3. Insert the bundled CD into the CD-ROM drive to launch the auto run program. Once
completed, a menu screen will appear. Click the “Planet 802.11n Wireless LAN Utility”
hyperlink to initiate the install wizard.
4. Read the License Agreement carefully. Click “Yes” to accept it and continue.
5. It is suggested to use “Install driver and Planet WLAN Utility”, which provides full
installation to manage the WNL-9331. Otherwise, choose”Install driver only” for only
installing driver. Then click “Next” to continue.
6. It is suggested to use “PLANET configuration Tool”, which the WNL-9331 Utility.
Otherwise, choose”Microsoft Zero Configuration Tool” for only installing Microsoft wireless
configuration. Then click “Next” to continue.
7. Click “Install” to begin the installation.
8.
If the screen appears during installation, please click “Continue Anyway” to continue.
9. Please click “Finish” to finish the installation.
10. The WNL-9331 utility will appear on the screen. Please select the AP you would like to
connect and press “Connect” button and full in the security information, and then click
“OK” to connect the wireless network.
Chapter 3: General Configuration
The Configuration Utility appears as an icon on the system tray of Windows while the card is
running. You can open the utility by double-click on the icon.
Right click the icon; there are some items for you to operate the configuration utility.
„
Launch Config Utilities: open the Configuration Utility tool.
„
Use Zero Configurations as Configuration Utility: use Windows XP built-in wireless
configuration utility (Windows Zero Configuration) to configure the card.
„
Switch to AP Mode: the WNL-9331 can act as an AP. Please refer to next chapter for
details.
„
Exit: close the Configuration Utility tool.
3-1 Profile Management
If you need to connect to different wireless access points at different time, like to access point
of your home, office, cybercafé, or public wireless service, you can store the connection
parameters (encryption, passphrase, security etc.) as a profile for every access point, so you
don’t have to input these parameters every time you want to connect to a specific wireless
access point.
If you want to click new profile, click ‘Profile’ menu, then click ‘Add’ button.
Parameter
Description
Profiles List
The profiles list display all the profiles and the relative settings of
the profiles including Profile Name, SSID etc.
Add / Edit / Delete Button
Click these buttons to add / edit / delete the selected profiles.
Activate Button
Click “Activate” to connect to the selected profile. When a profile
is activated, the card will be initially connected to the profile.
Or, you can add a connected wireless access point or wireless device to a profile by clicking
‘Network’ tab, then click ‘Add to Profile’ button:
3-1-1 System Configuration
And you can set the parameter for this profile here:
Parameter
Description
Profile Name
Define a recognizable profile name for you to identify the different
networks.
SSID
The SSID (up to 32 printable ASCII characters) is the unique
name identified in a WLAN. The ID prevents the unintentional
merging of two co-located WLANs.
You may specify a SSID for the card and then only the device with
the same SSID can interconnect to the card. If you want to add the
network nearby to the profile list, pull down the menu, all the
networks will be listed for you to add one of them to the profile list.
Network Type
Infrastructure – This operation mode requires the presence of an
802.11 Access Point. All communication is done via the Access
Point or Router.
Ad-Hoc – Select this mode if you want to connect to another
wireless station in the Wireless LAN network without through an
Access Point or Router.
Tx Power
You can select the wireless output power here. If you’re not too far
from access point (good signal reception), you can select a lower
output power to save energy; for a distant access point, you can
select a higher output power.
It’s suggested to select ‘Auto’ to let setup utility decide the best
output power for you.
Power Save Mode
The power saving function is only available when the network type
is in Infrastructure.
CAM (Constantly Awake Mode) – The card will always set in
active mode.
PSM (Power Saving Mode) – Enable the card in the power
saving mode when it is idle.
RTS Threshold
Minimum packet size required for an RTS (Request To Send). For
packets smaller than this threshold, an RTS is not sent and the
packet is transmitted directly to the wireless network. Select a
setting within a range of 0 to 2347 bytes. Minor change is
recommended.
Fragment Threshold
The value defines the maximum size of packets; any packet size
larger than the value will be fragmented. If you have decreased
this value and experience high packet error rates, you can
increase it again, but it will likely decrease overall network
performance. Select a setting within a range of 256 to 2346 bytes.
Minor change is recommended.
3-1-2 Authority/Encryption setting
Parameter
Description
Authentication
Type
This setting has to be consistent with the wireless networks that the card
intends to connect.
Open – No authentication is needed among the wireless network.
Shared – Only wireless devices using a shared key (WEP Key identified) are
allowed to connecting each other.
LEAP – LEAP is a pre-EAP, Cisco-proprietary protocol, with many of the
features of EAP protocols. Cisco controls the ability of other vendors to
implement this protocol, so it should be selected for use only when limited
vendor choice for client, access-point, and server products is not a concern.
If you select ‘LEAP’, the following message will be displayed. Please input
LEAP identity, password, domain name, and select encryption type. You can
check ‘Show Password’ box so the password you inputted will be displayed
as you type, but not replace by asterisk.
WPA – WPA provides a scheme of mutual authentication using either IEEE
802.1x/Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP) authentication or pre-shared
key (PSK) technology. It provides a high level of assurance to enterprises,
small businesses and home users that data will remain protected and that
only authorized users may access their networks. For enterprises that have
already deployed IEEE 802.1x authentication, WPA offers the advantage of
leveraging existing authentication databases and infrastructure.
WPA-PSK – It is a special mode designed for home and small business users
who do not have access to network authentication servers. In this mode,
known as Pre-Shared Key, the user manually enters the starting password in
their access point or gateway, as well as in each wireless station in the
network. WPA-PSK takes over automatically from that point, keeping
unauthorized users that don't have the matching password from joining the
network, while encrypting the data traveling between authorized devices.
WPA2 – Like WPA, WPA2 supports IEEE 802.1 x/EAP authentications or
PSK technology. It also includes a new advanced encryption mechanism
using the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES). AES is required to the
corporate user or government users. The difference between WPA and WPA2
is that WPA2 provides data encryption via the AES. In contrast, WPA uses
Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP).
WPA2-PSK – WPA2-PSK is also for home and small business. The
difference between WPA-PSK and WPA2-PSK is that WPA2-PSK provides
data encryption via the AES. In contrast, WPA-PSK uses Temporal Key
Integrity Protocol (TKIP).
Use 802.1x
Enable 802.1x wireless authentication. Please click ‘802.1x Setting’ button to
set 802.1x parameters. (See next section).
Encryption
Mode
None – Disable the encryption mode.
WEP – Enable the WEP Data Encryption. When the item is selected, you
have to continue setting the WEP Encryption keys.
TKIP – TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) changes the temporal key
every 10,000 packets (a packet is a kind of message transmitted over a
network.) This insures much greater security than the standard WEP security.
AES – AES has been developed to ensure the highest degree of security and
authenticity for digital information and it is the most advanced solution defined
by IEEE 802.11i for the security in the wireless network.
Note: All devices in the network should use the same encryption method to
ensure the communication.
Show
Password
Check this box and all passphrases or security keys you inputted will be
displayed as you type, but not replace your input with asterisk.
WPA
The WPA-PSK key can be from 8 to 64 characters and can be letters or
Pre-Shared Key numbers. This same key must be used on all of the wireless stations in the
network.
WEP Key
The WEP keys are used to encrypt data transmitted in the wireless network.
(Key1 ~ Key4)
There are two types of key length: 64-bit and 128-bit. Select the default
encryption key from Key 1 to Key 4 by selected the radio button.
Fill the text box by following the rules below:
64-bit – Input 10-digit Hex values (in the “A-F”, “a-f” and “0-9” range) or 5-digit
ASCII characters (including “a-z” and “0-9”) as the encryption keys. For
example: “0123456aef“ or “test1”.
128-bit – Input 26-digit Hex values (in the “A-F”, “a-f” and “0-9” range) or
13-digit ASCII characters (including “a-z” and “0-9”) as the encryption keys.
For example: “01234567890123456789abcdef“or “administrator”.
3-1-3 Using 802.11x
To set 802.1x authentication for the access point. Please click ‘802.1X’ tab:
Here are descriptions of every setup item:
Parameter
Description
EAP Method
Select 802.1x EAP method from dropdown menu. Please ask the
administrator of the access point you wish to connect to select a correct EAP
method.
Tunnel
Authentication
Select 802.1x tunnel authentication type from dropdown menu. Please ask
the administrator of the access point you wish to connect to select a correct
tunnel authentication method. This pull down menu is only available when
authentication type you use is 'PEAP', ‘TLS / Smart Card', or 'TTLS'.
When you use 'EAP-FAST' as authentication type, the protocol setting is
always 'Generic Token Card' and can not be changed. You also need to
select ‘Soft Token’ or ‘Static Password’ as password in ‘ID \ Password’
setting.
’EAP Fast’ authentication type also have a sub-menu to set EAP fast-specific
parameters:
If you need to use protected authentication credential, check ‘Use protected
authentication credential’ box, and click ‘Import’ to load .pac credential file; to
remove a loaded credential file, click ‘Remove’.
Session
Resumption
You can enable or disable session resumption here. If you don’t know if you
should enable session resumption or not, please ask your 802.1x
authentication administrator.
ID \ Password
Input 802.1x username (ID) and password and other information if it is
tab
required here. Click ‘Show Password’ to show the password you typed.
Client
Use this tab to select a local certificate from dropdown menu. If the access
Certification tab point you wish to connect required a specific client certificate, the certificate
must be installed on your computer, and you can select the certificate here.
Server
Use this tab to use server-based certification. Please select a CA (Certificate
Certification tab Authority) from dropdown menu. If intermediate certificates are allowed,
please select ‘Allow intermediate certificates’. Also, if you need to specify CA
server’s name, you can specify it in ‘Server name’ field. You can select
‘Server name must match’, so the CA server’s name must be the same with
the value you set in ‘Server name’ field; If only the domain name part of full
server name must the same with the value you set in ‘Server name’ field,
select ‘Domain name must end in specified name’.
After you finish all settings, click ‘OK’ to save settings and exit. The profile you just created will
be displayed:
3-2 Network-Configuration Utility
After the driver is correctly installed, it will try to connect to any unencrypted wireless access
point automatically. If you want to connect to a specific wireless access point, or the access
point you wish to connect uses encryption, you have to configure the wireless network card
and input required parameters, to get connected to the wireless access point you wish to
connect.
3-2-1 Using configuration Utility
The current status of wireless connection will be displayed by WNL-9331 configuration utility
icon:
Wireless connection is established, good signal reception.
Wireless connection is established, normal signal reception.
Wireless connection is established, weak signal reception.
Wireless network doesn’t connection.
Wireless network card is not detected.
There are two ways you can configure WNL-9331 network card to connect to wireless access
point: using the WNL-9331 configuration utility and using built-in windows zero
configuration utility.
From the “Network” screen, all the networks nearby will be listed. You can change the
connection to another network or add one of the networks to your own AP list.
Parameter
Description
AP List
This list shows all available wireless networks within range of
your card. It also displays the information of the networks
including the SSID, BSSID, Signal Strength, Channel,
Encryption, Authentication and Network Type. If you want to
connect to any networks on the list, double-click the item on
the list, and the card will automatically connect to the
selected network.
Rescan
Click “Rescan” button to collect the new information of all the
wireless networks nearby.
Add to Profile Button
Add the selected network to Profiles list.
Connect
Click “Connect” to connect to the selected network.
3-2-2 Connect to an Access Point
There are two kinds of wireless connection mode: Infrastructure and Ad-Hoc.
Infrastructure mode is used by wireless access points, which is able to establish wireless
connection for you and other wireless / wired network clients.
Ad-Hoc mode is also know as ‘point-to-point’ mode, and in this mode, wireless devices such
as computer or PDA will not be capable to establish wireless connection with more than one
wireless device, and is suitable for establishing a one-to-one wireless connection between two
wireless devices.
Before you can connect to any wireless access point or device by infrastructure or Ad-Hoc
mode, there two things you must know:
a. Wireless device’s ‘SSID’ (Service Set IDentifier, someone will call it ‘access point’s
name’).
You can scan for the SSID of other wireless devices nearby, but if the SSID of the
wireless device you wish to connect is hidden, you must know exact SSID before you
can establish connection with it.
b. If the wireless device you wish to connect uses encryption, you must know its
encryption key.
Please launch Ralink setup utility and it will scan for wireless access points near by:
Scan results will be displayed here, please check if the wireless device (access point or
another computer) with the SSID you wish to connect is shown here.
Scan result includes 6 types of information, they are:
A
B
C
D
E
Parameter Description
A
The SSID (Service Set Identifier) of wireless device. If nothing is displayed here, it
means the SSID of this wireless device is hidden.
If a
symbol appears in front of the name of wireless device, means you’ve
established connected with that wireless device.
B
The type of this wireless device and the channel number of this wireless device.
Means this wireless device is an access point
Means this wireless device is a computer (Ad-Hoc mode, point-to-point
connection)
C
The wireless standard supported by this access point is displayed here:
For 802.11n
For 802.11g
For 802.11b.
WS icon will appear when the access point supports WPS. If the access
point uses encryption,.
A key icon will appear
Note: When the access point supports WPS and WPS icon
will not see the key icon
D
E
is appeared, you
here even through the access point uses encryption.
Shows the signal strength of access point by percentage.
Shows the bar graph of the signal strength
1. If the access point you selected does not enable encryption (The content of ‘Encryption’ field
of the access point you selected is ‘None’, you’ll be connected to this wireless access point
within one minute.
2. If the access point you selected enables encryption, please proceed to next step.
3. If the wireless access point does not have SSID, you’ll be prompted to input it here. Please
ask the administrator of this AP and input the exact SSID here, then click ‘OK’ when ready. If
the SSID you provided here is wrong, you’ll not be able to connect to this access point.
If the wireless access point you selected have SSID, please skip this step.
4. If the AP uses encryption, you have to input WEP passphrase or WPA preshared key.
Please ask the administrator, and input the correct passphrase / preshared key here, then
click ‘OK’. If the value you inputted here is wrong, you will not be able to connect to this
wireless access point. Authentication type is selected automatically, please don’t change it.
If the access point you selected does not enable encryption and does not require
authentication, please skip this step.
5. If the wireless access point is successfully connected, you’ll see a
front of the name of wireless device.
symbol appears in
3-3 Advanced Settings
Parameter
Description
Wireless mode
Display the wireless operation mode of the network card.
Enable Tx Burst
Check this box to accelerate the data transmit rate. It may not
work with all wireless access point and wireless devices.
Enable TCP Window
Check this box and the configuration utility will adjust TCP
Size
window size automatically to get better performance. It should be
safe for most of wireless environments, but if you found some
problem on data transfer, uncheck this box.
Fast Roaming
Check this box and you can control the threshold that the
wireless network card should switch to another wireless access
point with better signal quality. Only adjust value when you
understand what it means and you need to roam between
multiple access points.
Show Authentication
When your computer is being authenticated by wireless
Status Dialog
authentication server, a dialog window with the process of
authentication will appear. This function is helpful to find out the
problem when you can not be authenticated, and you can
provide this information to authentication server’s administrator
for debugging purpose.
Enable CCX
Enable Cisco Compatible extensions. CCX is a wireless feature
developed by Cisco used to improve the wireless performance
with CCX compatible wireless devices. Check this box if you
need to connect to CCX-compatible wireless devices. When you
enabled CCX, the following setup items will become available:
Turn on CCKM: Check this box to enable CCKM (Cisco
Centralized Key Management), which enables wireless clients to
roam between CCKM-enabled access points in very short time.
Enable Radio Measurements: When you’re connecting to
CCX-compatible access point, check this box to enable radio
measurement function to improve wireless connectivity.
Non-Serving Channel Measurements Limit: When you’re
connecting to CCX-compatible access point, check this box to
enable measurement on unused radio channels to improve
wireless connectivity.
After you finish the settings, click ‘Apply’ to apply new settings, and click ‘OK’ to close
configuration utility.
3-4 View Network Link Statistics
The configuration utility provides information about network statistics and link status. If you
want to know how your wireless network card works, you can use these functions to get
detailed information about the wireless connection you’re using.
Click ‘Statistics’ menu and the statistics of wireless connection will be displayed:
All connection-related statistics is displayed here. You can click ‘Transmit’ or ‘Receive’ tab, to
view the statistics of transmitted or received packets. You can also click ‘Reset Counter’ button,
to reset the statistics of all items back to 0.
3-5 WMM Setting
This wireless network card provides WMM (Wi-Fi Multimedia) function, which can improve the
performance of certain network applications, like audio/video streaming, network telephony
(VoIP), and others. When you enable the WMM function of this network card, you can define
the priority of different kinds of data, to give higher priority to applications which require instant
responding. Therefore you can improve the performance of such network applications.
In ‘WMM Setup Status’ block, current WMM settings will be displayed. And here are
descriptions of every setup item:
Parameter
Description
WMM Enable
Check this box to enable WMM function. Please click ‘Apply’
button on the right of this check box after you check or uncheck
this box, so corresponding settings in this window will be
activated or deactivated respectively.
WMM - Power Save
Check this box to enable WMM power saving mode to save
Enable
energy, and let your computer’s battery live longer.
You also have to select WMM power save modes here:
AC_BE: Best Performance
AC_BK: Worst Performance
AC_VI: Video data has priority
AC_VO: Voice data has priority
Direct Link Setup Enable
If you have another WMM-enabled wireless device, you can
enter its MAC address here, then click ‘Apply’ button, and this
network card will establish a direct link to the wireless device you
specified here.
You also have to specify the timeout value of this directly-linked
wireless device. Valid values are from 1 to 65535 (seconds), and
input ‘0’ for infinity.
If you want to remove a specific wireless device from direct link
table, select the device and click this button to remove it.
3-6 WPS Configuration
Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) is the latest wireless network technology which makes wireless
network setup become very simple. If you have WPS-enabled wireless access point, and you
want to establish a secure connection to it, you don’t have to configure the wireless access
point and setup data encryption. All you have to do is go to the WPS setup page of this
wireless card, click a button, and then press a specific button on the wireless access point you
wish to establish a secure connection - just three simple steps!
The WNL-9331 are compatible with WPS. To use this function, the wireless access point you
wish to connect to must support WPS function too. Now, please follow the following
instructions to establish secure connection between WPS-enabled wireless access point and
your wireless network card:
Click ‘WPS’ tab and the following settings will appear:
3-6-1 WPS Setup - PBC (Push-Button Configuration)
1. Set ‘Config Mode’ to ‘Enrollee’, and then push the ‘WPS’ button on your wireless access
point (the button used to activate WPS standby mode may have another name), or use
other way to start WPS standby mode as the instruction given by your wireless access
point’s user manual.
You can also set ‘Config Mode’ to ‘Registrar’. In this mode, this wireless network card
will wait for other WPS-enabled access points to send WPS pairing requests. Please
refer to the instruction given by your wireless access point’s user manual to understand
how to send WPS requests.
2. Before you start to establish the wireless connection by using WPS, you can click ‘Rescan’
button to search for WPS-enabled access points near you, to make sure the WPS function
of your access point is activated.
3. All access points found will be displayed. Please make sure the access point you wish to
connect is displayed. If not, please click ‘Rescan’ few more times. You can also click
‘Information’ button to see the detailed information about selected access point.
4. Click ‘PBC’ button now to start to establish wireless connection by WPS, and please be
patient (This may require several seconds to one minute to complete). When you see ‘WPS
status is connected successfully’ message, it means the connection between your
WNL-9331 and access point is successfully connected by WPS, and the information about
access point you connected to will be displayed.
5. Sometime WPS may fail, and you can click ‘PBC’ button few more times to try again. When
an access point is connected, you can click ‘Disconnect’ to disconnect your wireless
network card from a connected access point, or select another WPS-enabled wireless
access point, then click ‘Connect’ to establish connection to selected access point, if there
are more than one WPS-enabled access point found. You can also click ‘Rotate’ button, and
next access point on the list will be selected to establish connection.
If you want to delete a found access point from the list, select it and click ‘Delete’ button.
3-6-2 WPS Setup - PIN
1. The PIN number of your WNL-9331 is an eight-digit number located at the upper-right
position of configuration utility. Remember it, and input the number to your wireless access
point as the WPS PIN code (Please refer to the user manual of your wireless access point
for instructions about how to do this).
NOTE: If you experienced problem with the pin code provided here, you can click ‘Renew’
to get a new pin code.
2. Click ‘PIN’ button now, and wait for few seconds to one minute. If a wireless access point
with correct PIN code is found, you’ll be connected to that access point.
3. You may have to click ‘PIN’ for few more times to try again. If you still can not connect to
access point by this way, please make sure the PIN code you provided to access point is
correct.
There are also some options available for WPS configuration:
WPS associate IE: Check this box to send the association request with WPS IE during WPS
setup. This is optional and you can use default value if you don’t know what will be affected.
WPS probe IE: Check this box to send the WPS probe request with WPS IE during WPS
setup. This is optional and you can use default value if you don’t know what will be affected.
Auto: When in PIN mode, wireless access point to be connected will be selected automatically
if this box is checked.
3-7 Radio On/Off
You can switch the wireless radio transceiver on and off by WNL-9331 utility, so if you want to
disable wireless network function, you don’t have to remove the network card physically.
1. To switch wireless radio on/off, please click ‘Radio On/Off’ button.
Wireless radio is on (Green)
Wireless radio is off (Red)
3-8 About
By choosing this option, you can click the hyperlink to connect the PLANET website. You can
also obtain basic information about the WNL-9331 such as the Driver, Utility, EEPROM and
Firmware Version. The MAC Address of the card is displayed in the screen as well.
You also can click the below link to surf PLANET website searing more other products.
3-9 Help
If you need to know the directions of how to use specific function in the utility, please click
‘Help’ button. On-line help documents will be presented in Windows help format.
Click this button to view on-line help documents.
Chapter 4: Soft-AP Function
Except becoming a wireless client of other wireless access points, the WN-9331 can act as a
wireless service provider also! You can switch the WNL-9331 operating mode to ‘AP’ mode to
simulate the function of a real wireless access point by software, and all other computers and
wireless devices can connect to your computer wirelessly, even share the internet connection
you have!
4-1 Switch to AP Mode and Basic Configuration
The operating mode of the wireless card is ‘Station Mode’ (becoming a client of other wireless
access points) by default. If you want to switch to AP mode, please right-click WNL-9331 utility
icon, and select ‘Switch to AP Mode’.
After you select ‘Switch to AP Mode’, the WNL-9331 available options will change.
If you want to switch the wireless card back to station mode (become a client of other wireless
access points), click ‘Switch to Station Mode’.
A configuration window will appear after you switch the operation mode to ‘AP’ or click ‘Launch
Config Utilities’ after you right-click the WNL-9331 configuration utility, which asks you to
assign an existing network card with internet connection:
, you’ll see the basic configuration menu of the AP function:
Parameter
Description
SSID
Please input the SSID (the name used to identify this wireless
access point) here. Up to 32 numerical characters can be
accepted here, excepting space.
Channel
Please select the wireless channel you wish to use. The
number of channels available here will vary depends on the
setting of ‘Country Region Code’.
Wireless Mode
Please select the wireless operating mode. You can limit the
type of wireless client to 802.11b or 802.11g only, or allow
802.11b/g, and 802.11b/g/n clients. It’s safe to select ‘802.11
B/G/N mix’ to allow all kinds of wireless client to connect to
your computer, unless you want to limit the type of wireless
client allowed to connect to your computer.
Use MAC Address
Click this button to use the MAC address of the wireless card
as SSID. A prefix of ‘AP’ will be added.
Security Setting
Set the security options (wireless data encryption).
Country Region Code
Available options are 0-7, which will affect the available
wireless channels you can use:
0: FCC (US, Canada, and other countries uses FCC radio
communication standards)
1: ETSI (Europe)
2: SPAIN
3: FRANCE
4: MKK
5: MKKI (TELEC)
6: ISERAL (Channel 3 to 9)
7: ISERAL (Channel 5 to 13)
The operating frequency channel will be restricted to the
country / region user located before importing
Beacon (ms)
You can define the time interval that a beacon signal should be
send. Default value is 100. Do not modify this value unless you
know what will be affected
TX Power
You can select the wireless output power here. Please select a
proper output power setting according to your actual needs.
You may not need 100% of output power if other wireless
clients are not far from you.
Idle Time
Select the idle time of your wireless network card. Default
value is 300. Do not modify this value unless you know what
will be affected
No forwarding among wireless Check this box and wireless clients will not be able to share
clients
data with each other.
Hide SSID
Check this box and the SSID will not be broadcasted to the
public. Your wireless clients must know the exact SSID to be
able to connect to your computer.
This option is useful to enhance security level.
Allow BW 40MHz
Check this box to allow BW 40MHz capability.
Default
Click this button to restore all settings in this page back to
default value.
Tx BURST
Check this box to accelerate the data transmit rate. It may not
work with all wireless access point and wireless devices.
To save changes, click ‘Apply button. Or you can click ‘Default’ to reset all values to factory
default value.
4-2 Security Settings
This wireless card supports wireless encryption in AP mode, which will encrypt the data being
transferred over the air to enhance data security level. It’s recommended to enable data
encryption unless you wish to open your computer (and its internet connection) to the public.
When you click ‘Security Setting’ in WNL-9331 configuration utility, the following window will
appear:
Parameter
Description
Authentication Type
Please select a wireless authentication type you wish to use.
Available options are ‘Open’, ‘Shared’, ‘WPA-PSK’,
‘WPA2-PSK’, and ‘WPA-PSK / WPA2-PSK’. If you want to
disable wireless data encryption, you must select ‘Open’ or
‘Shared’.
Encryption Type
Please select an encryption mode. The available options in
this setting item will vary depending on the authentication
type you select. If you select ‘Not Use’, data will not be
encrypted and people with some networking knowledge will
be able to read the data you transfer with proper tool.
NOTE: WPA encryption is safer than WEP, however, some
older wireless clients don’t support WPA encryption.
WPA Pre-shared-key
Please input the WPA pre-shared key here. Only clients with
the same pre-shared key you inputted here will be able to
connect to your computer. This setting is only available when
you select one of WPA encryptions.
Group Rekey Interval
You can specify the time interval to re-issue the key to your
wireless clients here. You can click the button ’10 seconds’ or
‘Kpackets’ to change the unit of time interval. (every 10
seconds or a thousand data packets times the value you
specified in ‘Group Rekey Interval’ field)
WEP Key #1-4
Please input the WEP encryption key here when you select ‘W
If you want to use WEP 64 bits encryption, please input 10
characters if you select HEX, or input 5 characters if you
select ASCII; If you want to use WEP 128bits encryption,
please input 26 characters if you select HEX, or input 13
characters if you select ASCII. 128 bits encryption is safer
then 64 bits, but the data transfer speed will be slightly
reduced.
Show Password
Check this box and the WPA pre-shared key or WEP key you
inputted will be shown, but not replaced by asterisk (*).
When you finish with setting and want to save changes, click ‘OK’ button, or click ‘Cancel’
button to discard all changes you made.
4-3 Access Control
If you’re not going to open your computer and wireless resources to the public, you can use
MAC address filtering function to enforce your access control policy, so only wireless clients
with MAC address you defined by this function can be connected to your software access
point.
Click ‘Access Control’ tab, and the following messages will appear:
Parameter
Description
Access Policy
Select the policy type of your access rule:
Disable: Allow any wireless client with proper
Authentication settings to connect to this access point.
Allow All: Only allow wireless clients with MAC address
listed here to connect to this access point.
Reject All: Reject wireless clients with MAC address
listed here to be connected to this access point.
MAC Address
Input the MAC address of the wireless client you wish to
allow or reject here. No colon (:) or hyphen (-) required.
Add
Add the MAC address you inputted in ‘MAC address’ field to
the list.
Delete
Please select a MAC address from the list, then click ‘Delete’
button to remove it.
Remove all
Delete all MAC addresses in the list.
When you finish with setting and want to save changes, click ‘Apply’ button.
4-4 Connection table
If you want to see the list of all wireless clients connected to this access point, please follow
the following instructions:
Click ‘Mac Table’ tab, and a list containing all connected wireless clients will appear:
Parameter
Description
MAC address
Displays the MAC address of this wireless client
AID
The serial number of this wireless connection.
Power Saving Mode
Displays the capability of power-saving function of this wireless
client.
Status
Displays additional information of this wireless Connection, like
current wireless operating mode and data transfer rate.
4-5 Event Log
This software access point will log all wireless-related activities as a log. You can follow the
following instructions to view the content of the event log:
Click ‘Event Log’ tab, and the event log will be displayed:
You can click ‘Clear’ to remove all entries in the log.
4-6 Statistics
If you want to know detailed information about how your software access point works, you can
follow the following instructions to view the statistics of the access point:
Click ‘Statistics’ tab, and the event log will be displayed:
You can click ‘RESET COUNTERS’ button to reset all counters to zero.
4-7 About
The ‘About’ tab provides you the information about version number of the configuration utility,
driver, and other important information about your wireless access point.
Chapter 5: APPENDIX
5-1 Troubleshooting
This chapter provides solutions to problems usually encountered during the installation and
operation of the adapter.
Q. The PLANET WNL-9331 do not work properly.
A.
1. Right click on My Computer and select Properties. Select the device manager and click on
the Network Adapter. You will find the Adapter if it is installed successfully. If you see the
yellow exclamation mark, the resources are conflicting. You will see the status of the
Adapter. If there is a yellow question mark, please check the following:
2. Make sure that your PC has a free IRQ (Interrupt Request, a hardware interrupt on a PC.)
3. Make sure that you have inserted the right adapter and installed the proper driver. If the
Adapter does not function after attempting the above steps, remove the adapter and do the
following:
4. Uninstall the driver software from your PC.
5. Restart your PC and repeat the hardware and software installation as specified in this User
Guide.
Q. I cannot communicate with the other computers linked via Ethernet in the
Infrastructure configuration.
A.
1. Make sure that the PC to which the Adapter is associated is powered on.
2. Make sure that your Adapter is configured on the same channel and with the same security
options as with the other computers in the Infrastructure configuration.
Q. What should I do when the computer with the Adapter installed is unable to connect
to the wireless network and/or the Internet?
A.
1. Check that the LED indicators for the broadband modem are indicating normal activity. If not,
there may be a problem with the broadband connection.
2. Check that the IP address, subnet mask, gateway, and DNS settings are correctly entered
for the network.
3. In Infrastructure mode, make sure the same Service Set Identifier (SSID) is specified on the
settings for the wireless clients and access points.
4. In Ad-Hoc mode, both wireless clients will need to have the same SSID. Please note that it
might be necessary to set up one client to establish a BSS (Basic Service Set) and wait
briefly before setting up other clients. This prevents several clients from trying to establish a
BSS at the same time, which can result in multiple singular BSSs being established, rather
than a single BSS with multiple clients associated to it.
5. Check that the Network Connection for the wireless client is configured properly.
6. If Security is enabled, make sure that the correct encryption keys are entered on both the
Adapter and the access point.
Q. I can’t find any wireless access point / wireless device in ‘Site Survey’ function.
A.
1. Click ‘Rescan’ for few more times and see if you can find any wireless access point or
wireless device.
2. Please move closer to any known wireless access point.
3. ‘Ad hoc’ function must be enabled for the wireless device you wish to establish a direct
wireless link.
4. Please adjust the position of network card (you may have to move your computer if you’re
using a notebook computer) and click ‘Rescan’ button for few more times. If you can find the
wireless access point or wireless device you want to connect by doing this, try to move
closer to the place where the wireless access point or wireless device is located.
Q. Nothing happens when I click ‘Launch config utilities’
A.
1. Please make sure the wireless network card is firmly inserted into your computer’s PCI Card.
If the Planet configuration utility’s icon is black, the network card is not detected by your
computer. Switch the computer off and insert the adapter again. If this doesn’t work,
contact the dealer of purchase for help.
2. Reboot the computer and try again.
3. Remove the driver and re-install.
4. Contact the dealer of purchase for help.
Q. I can not establish connection with a certain wireless access point
A.
1. Click ‘Connect’ for few more times.
2. If the SSID of access point you wish to connect is hidden (nothing displayed in ‘SSID’ field in
‘Site Survey’ function), you have to input correct SSID of the access point you wish to
connect. Please contact the owner of access point to ask for correct SSID.
3. You have to input correct passphrase / security key to connect an access point with
encryption. Please contact the owner of access point to ask for correct passphrase / security
key.
4. The access point you wish to connect only allows network cards with specific MAC address
to establish connection. Please go to ‘About’ tab and write the value of ‘Phy_Address’ down,
then present this value to the owner of access point so he / she can add the MAC address
of your network card to his / her access point’s list.
Q. The network is slow / having problem when transferring large files
A.
1. Move closer to the place where access point is located.
2. Enable ‘Wireless Protection’ in ‘Advanced’ tab.
3. Try a lower TX Rate in ‘Advanced’ tab.
4. Disable ‘Tx Burst’ in ‘Advanced’ tab.
5. Enable ‘WMM’ in ‘QoS’ tab if you need to use multimedia / telephony related applications.
6. Disable ‘WMM – Power Save Enable’ in ‘QoS’ tab.
7. There could be too much people using the same radio channel. Ask the owner of the access
point to change the channel number.
5-2 Glossary
1.
What is WMM?
Wi-Fi Multimedia (WMM), a group of features for wireless networks that improve the user
experience for audio, video and voice applications. WMM is based on a subset of the IEEE
802.11e WLAN QoS draft standard. WMM adds prioritized capabilities to Wi-Fi networks and
optimizes their performance when multiple concurring applications, each with different latency
and throughput requirements, compete for network resources. By using WMM, end-user
satisfaction is maintained in a wider variety of environments and traffic conditions. WMM
makes it possible for home network users and enterprise network managers to decide which
data streams are most important and assign them a higher traffic priority.
2.
What is WMM Power Save?
WMM Power Save is a set of features for Wi-Fi networks that increase the efficiency and
flexibility of data transmission in order to conserve power. WMM Power Save has been
optimized for mobile devices running latency-sensitive applications such as voice, audio, or
video, but can benefit any Wi-Fi device. WMM Power Save uses mechanisms included in the
IEEE 802.11e standard and is an enhancement of IEEE 802.11 legacy power saves. With
WMM Power Save, the same amount of data can be transmitted in a shorter time while
allowing the Wi-Fi device to remain longer in a low-power “dozing” state.
3.
What is GI?
GI stands for Guard Interval. It’s a measure to protect wireless devices from crossinterference. If there are two wireless devices using the same or near channel, and they are
close enough, radio interference will occur and reduce the radio resource usability.
4.
What is STBC?
STBC stands for Space-Time Block Coding, which is a technique used to transfer multiple
copies of data by multiple antenna, to improve data transfer performance. By using multiple
antennas, not only data transfer rate is improved, but also the wireless stability.
EC Declaration of Conformity
For the following equipment:
*Type of Product
*Model Number
802.11n 1T1R Wireless PCI Adapter
WNL-9331
:
:
* Produced by:
Manufacturer‘s Name :
Manufacturer‘s Address:
Planet Technology Corp.
11F, No 96, Min Chuan Road
Hsin Tien, Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C.
is herewith confirmed to comply with the requirements set out in the Council Directive on the
Approximation of the Laws of the Member States relating to 1999/5/EC R&TTE. For the
evaluation regarding the R&TTE the following standards were applied:
EN 301 489-1 V1.8.1
EN 301 489-17 V1.3.2
EN 55022
EN 61000-3-2
EN 61000-3-3
EN 61000-4-2
EN 61000-4-3
EN 61000-4-4
EN 61000-4-5
EN 61000-4-6
EN 61000-4-11
EN 62311
EN 300 328 V1.7.1
IEC 60950-1
EN 60950-1
(2008-04)
(2008-04)
(2006)
(2006)
(1995 + A2: 2005)
(2001)
(2006)
(2004)
(2006)
(2005)
(2004)
(2008-11)
(2006-10)
(2005, 2nd Edition)
(2002 + A11: 2009)
Responsible for marking this declaration if the:
⌧ Manufacturer
Authorized representative established within the EU
Authorized representative established within the EU (if applicable):
Company Name:
Planet Technology Corp.
Company Address:
11F, No.96, Min Chuan Road, Hsin Tien, Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C
Person responsible for making this declaration
Name, Surname
Tom Shih
Position / Title :
Product Manager
Taiwan
Place
12th Apr., 2010
Date
Legal Signature
PLANET TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION
e-mail: [email protected]
http://www.planet.com.tw
11F, No. 96, Min Chuan Road, Hsin Tien, Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C. Tel:886-2-2219-9518 Fax:886-2-2219-9528
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