(Computrac) MX-100 Moisture Analyzer User`s Manual254263

(Computrac) MX-100 Moisture Analyzer User`s Manual254263
COMPUTRAC
Mx-100 MOISTURE ANALYZER
USER’S MANUAL
June 1997
Arizona Instrument
3375 N Delaware St
Chandler, AZ 85225 USA
(602) 470-1414
(800) 528-7411
Fax (480) 804-0656
http://www.azic.com
email:
[email protected] - General
[email protected] - International
[email protected] - Customer Support
Part Number 700-0015
Revision A1
Computrac Mx-100™
User's Manual
PROPRIETARY RIGHTS NOTICE
The material in this manual contains valuable
information developed by Arizona Instrument
LLC for use with the Computrac line of
moisture analyzers. No part of this manual can be
reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any
means, electronic, mechanical, or otherwise. This
includes photocopying and recording or in
connection with any information storage or retrieval
system without the express written permission of
Arizona Instrument LLC
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
© Copyright 1997 Arizona Instrument
ii
Computrac Mx-100™
PACKING and SHIPPING
INSTRUCTIONS
Movement, handling, and packaging of the
instrument must be done with EXTREME CARE
to avoid permanent, expensive internal damage.
UNPACKING
Unpack the instrument carefully and set it down
gently. Select a place where it will be safe from
bumping, jarring, and excessive vibration.
For all shipments, boxes and packing materials are
available from AZI. Call AZI Customer Service at
(800) 528-7411 or (602) 470-1414 for additional
shipping information when returning a unit for
repair.
Retain all packaging materials for any future
shipment of the instrument. If the instrument is
returned to Arizona Instrument for any reason, it
must be placed in the original packaging materials
which have been tested and proven to be effective
protection during shipment.
iii
REPACKING FOR
SHIPMENT
Pack the Computrac Mx-100 in a Computrac Mx100 shipping container, using the packing figure
supplied on the box as a guide.
If proper shipping materials are not
available, contact AZI Customer Service
at (800) 235-3360 or (602) 470-1414 to
have a set sent to you.
AZI WILL NOT BE RESPONSIBLE FOR
SHIPPING DAMAGE.
IF YOU RETURN THE INSTRUMENT VIA
ANY OTHER SHIPPER THAN FEDERAL
EXPRESS, YOU SHOULD INSURE IT FOR
FULL VALUE.
iv
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PACKING and SHIPPING INSTRUCTIONS . . iv
UNPACKING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv
REPACKING FOR SHIPMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . v
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Mx-100 Front Panel LCD and Keypad . . . . . . . . 2
Installation and Set Up Instructions . . . . . . . . . . .
Ambient Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leveling the Moisture Analyzer . . . . . . . . . . .
4
4
5
5
How to Operate the Mx-100 Moisture Analyzer . 6
Default Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Self-Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
How to Change Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Setting the Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Setting the Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Start Parameter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Convenience Feature for Weighing
Samples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Types of Testing Routines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Automatic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
How to Determine the Moisture Content or Dry
Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Moisture Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Running a Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
v
Appendix A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data Output Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting Electronic Devices . . . . . . . . . .
Startup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14
14
16
16
Appendix B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Appendix C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Error Messages and Troubleshooting . . . . . 19
Appendix D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Cleaning, Maintenance and Calibration . . . . 20
Appendix E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Application Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
vi
Computrac Mx-100 Moisture
Analyzer
User’s Manual
Introduction
The Mx-100 Moisture Analyzer is an economical, durable
moisture analyzer designed for both production floor and
quality control applications. The Computrac Mx-100 is
equipped with an internal balance with a 30 gram sample
capacity, infra-red heater elements electronically controlled
between 40E and 160EC, and a front panel interface
keypad for user-programming and testing control.
The test chamber’s hood is lined with reflective panels and
holds the tubular infrared heating elements. These infrared
heating elements provide the heat for moisture evaporation
during the test cycle. Each heating element generates 180
watts of power when the moisture analyzer is operating.
At the beginning of moisture determination, the chamber is
fully heated until the set temperature is reached. The heat
intensity is monitored by the built-in resistance
temperature sensor and adjusted through feedback to the
microprocessor to maintain the chamber at the nominal
setting.
As a safety feature, a mechanical interlock within the hood
assembly recognizes the hood position to ensure that a
routine test cannot begin when the hood is open. This
same contact also recognizes when the hood has been
raised during a moisture test. Opening the lid during a test
interrupts and cancels the measurement routine.
1
Mx-100 Front Panel LCD and Keypad
The front panel LCD consists of three separate fields and
easy-to-understand symbols. Test information such as the
sample’s current weight or the computed moisture result,
as well as the elapsed test time and the test temperature are
displayed. As an added convenience, the display includes
a linear range indicator for the precise control of the
beginning sample weight.
Programming the Mx-100 for a new test procedure is
accomplished through the front panel LCD and keypad.
The easy-to-understand symbols guide the operator
through parameter entry prior to the start of a test. The
front panel keypad is protected with a durable overlay to
prevent damage to the LCD or the key switches. A light
touch on the keypad triggers an audible tone to indicate
that the keypad has been pressed.
Depending on the test’s parameters, additional
information, such as programmed test temperature, elapsed
test time, time remaining, selected display mode, current
result, and an analog display of the sample weight, appears
in the LCD when any of the keys are pressed.
2
Installation and Set Up Instructions
Ambient Conditions
Choose a suitable location for the Mx-100 Moisture
Analyzer. The location should be a clean, dry area not
exposed to vibrations or strong drafts. The Mx-100
Moisture Analyzer delivers accurate results, even when it
is exposed to unfavorable ambient conditions. However,
some points must be addressed to assure the continual safe
and accurate instrument life.
Note: The Mx-100 has not been approved for, and may
not be used in, hazardous areas or locations.
During use, the moisture analyzer gives off heat through
the mesh on the hood. For this reason, the mesh must
remain uncovered when the unit is in the standby mode
and during operation.
Note: After prolonged use, the components of the
moisture analyzer can be very hot to the touch. Therefore,
exercise caution when operating the unit to avoid burns.
Do not expose the moisture analyzer to extreme moisture
over long periods. If a cold moisture analyzer is brought to
a substantially warmer place, moisture in the air will
condense on its surfaces. When transferring a moisture
analyzer from a cool area to a warmer one, make sure to
leave it unplugged for about two hours at room
temperature to equilibrate. After equilibration, if you
keep the moisture analyzer connected to line power, the
continuous positive difference in temperature between the
inside of the moisture analyzer and the outside will
practically eliminate the effects of moisture condensation.
3
Safety Precautions
If you attach an extension cord without a protective
grounding conductor, it may interfere with the built-in
protection provided by the moisture analyzer. If you use
an electrical outlet that does not have a protective
grounding conductor, make sure to have an equivalent
protective conductor installed by a certified electrician as
specified in the applicable regulations for installation in
your country.
To ensure safety, the data interface is separated from line
power by a transformer with a Class 1 design.
Leveling the Moisture Analyzer
You can level the moisture analyzer using the four leveling
feet. This is only necessary if you are testing samples of
low viscosity which need to be at a uniform level in the
disposable sample pan.
4
How to Operate the Mx-100 Moisture
Analyzer
You can determine moisture content and dry weight with
the Mx-100 as soon as it is switched ON.
Default Parameters
The following parameters are the factory set default
settings:
Parameter
Default
Temperature
130EC (266EF)
Auto start
Lower the hood
Drying time
Automatic shutoff
Result (mode)
0-100% (moisture)
The LCD shows special messages for your information
throughout the moisture determination routine.
After the moisture analyzer has been plugged into a wall
outlet, the standby symbol appears on the LCD when the
moisture analyzer is switched OFF. This means the unit is
ready to operate without requiring warmup. Press the
ON/OFF key to switch the unit ON or OFF.
5
Self-Test
After the unit is switched ON, all LCD segments will
briefly light and the unit automatically runs through a selftest of the electronic circuitry. This self-test ends with a
readout of the pre-set parameters for moisture
determination.
When TAR appears on the LCD, the unit is ready for
operation, and you may begin your moisture
determination/dry weight determination routine.
How to Change Parameters
To change parameters in order to adapt the moisture
analyzer to meet special testing requirements, or to utilize
the full performance capabilities of the unit, select the
individual operating parameters either by briefly pressing a
function key once, or by holding down a function key
while simultaneously turning on the unit.
With the Mode key, you can toggle among the readout
modes of the computed results during a moisture
determination routine. The result displayed has been
calculated according to the equation assigned to the
particular mode.
The program parameters for temperature, shutoff/time and
print interval can be changed by pressing the Reset key
(TAR will be displayed) and the TE, “clock” or “print
timer” keys, respectively.
6
You can then alter the parameters by pressing either the
TE, “clock” or “print timer.”
To store the selected parameter(s), press the Enter key. To
leave the parameter selection mode without changing
parameters, press the Reset key.
If you would like to store these parameters permanently in
the non-volatile memory of the moisture analyzer, hold
down the Enter key. At this point, the unit will
automatically switch itself OFF. When the unit is
switched ON, it will operate according to the previously
selected and stored parameters.
Setting the Temperature
1.
2.
Select this mode with the TE key.
Temperatures can be programmed between 40 and
160EC. Arrows on the LCD denote the keys which
increase or decrease parameters.
Adjust the temperature setting in increments of five
degrees using the TE key to increase the temperature
or the “clock” key to decrease it.
Setting the Time
1.
2.
Select this timer mode with the “clock” key.
The drying time can be set between 0.0 and 99 min.
a. To increase the time, use the TE key; to decrease
the time, use the “clock” key.
b. To increase the time by single digits, press the key
briefly for each increment.
c. Holding down the key increases the time in
increments of ten.
7
The moisture determination routine ends when the set time
has elapsed (for settings starting with 0.1 min.). A “Time”
setting of 0.0 minutes sets the unit to end automatically.
Start Parameter
To select this parameter, switch the moisture analyzer ON
while simultaneously pressing the MODE key. To change
the setting, use the TE and “clock” keys.
TE: Start with ENTER (manual start).
“Clock”:
Start by lowering the hood (automatic start).
Convenience Feature for Weighing Samples
1.
2.
3.
Turn on the moisture analyzer while simultaneously
pressing the ENTER key.
The target weight can be set between 0 and 25g.
a. To increase the target weight, press the TE key.
b. To decrease the target weight, press the “clock”
key.
c. The target weight increases or decreases in
single-digit increments.
As a convenience, the LCD shows a bar graph to
serve as a guide for target weights greater than 1
gram.
a. If the initial sample weight is between 85.8%
and 114.4% of the preset value, the display
prompts to start the moisture determination
routine by closing the hood.
b. This convenience feature is not activated for "O
g," the factory setting.
8
Types of Testing Routines
Time
The time mode measures moisture loss over a
programmed, finite period of time. This test is similar to
that used in a standard air oven or vacuum oven. The Mx100, however, calculates the weight loss automatically and
displays that result on the front panel LCD.
Automatic
In the Automatic mode the Mx-100 monitors weight loss
throughout the test. As drying proceeds, the moisture loss
per unit of time continuously decreases. When the sample
no longer contains moisture the loss per unit of time
reaches zero. The fully automatic shutoff function
recognizes when a considerable weight change is no longer
expected. The test ends automatically.
The fully automatic mode is used when the weight loss
during drying yields a curve that can be easily evaluated.
If the weight loss is extremely slow, or if the loss is very
small, (as is the case with plastic granules), the automatic
mode cannot recognize this very low moisture and will not
end the test. In applications where moisture loss is very
slow, or where only a small net weight loss is anticipated,
select the Time mode to end the test at a preset time.
9
How to Determine the Moisture Content or Dry Weight
Moisture Testing
-
Before the initial moisture determination routine, allow the
Mx-100 to warm up as follows:
1.
Raise the hood.
2.
Tare the Mx-100 without a sample dish on the pan
support.
3.
Place a sample dish on the pan support.
4.
Lower the hood.
5.
Press the <ENTER> key. During the warmup
phase, prepare your sample.
6.
After approximately 5 minutes, stop the warmup
phase by raising the hood.
Note: If TAR does not appear in the upper left hand corner
of the LCD, press the reset key.
The Mx-100 is now ready to perform a moisture
determination routine.
Note: If you plan to analyze samples sequentially following the first moisture test, you do not need to warm up
the Mx-100 prior to each of these analyses.
10
Running a Test
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Place the disposable sample pan on the pan support.
Press the Enter key. TAR will now go out on the
LCD, and the weight readout 00.000 g appears.
If a different readout appears, the unit must be tared:
a. Press the Reset key (TAR appears).
b. Press the Enter key.
Now place the sample on the sample pan, spreading
evenly across the surface. The moisture test can
only begin after the moisture analyzer has been
tared and a sample weight greater than 96 mg has
been placed on the unit.
Lower the hood.
The test procedure starts automatically. If you have
selected the code for manual start, you must press the
ENTER key to start the procedure.
6.
7.
The start of the routine is indicated by an acoustic
signal and the drying symbol (***) on the LCD.
During operation, the time and results corresponding to the mode you have selected will be
continuously updated in the LCD.
The results in the different readout modes can be
cycled in the display by pressing the Mode key.
11
In the fully automatic drying mode (timer setting =
0.0 min, default setting) the moisture determination
procedure ends automatically when a significant
weight loss is no longer detected.
Note: You can interrupt the moisture or dry weight
determination routine at any time by raising the hood or by
pressing the Reset key.
8.
9.
The result will remain in the LCD until the Reset
key is pressed. In addition, "END" will be
displayed.
Once the Reset key has been pressed, the moisture
analyzer is ready for the next moisture
determination routine.
12
Appendix A
Data Output Specifications
The Computrac Mx-100 Moisture Analyzer features an RS
232C (SN.24) interface for outputting data on the moisture
content or the dry weight of a sample. At the interface
port, you can connect either a standard serial printer for
recording operating parameters and results, or a computer
for evaluation.
At the start of a moisture analysis routine, data for the
drying program are automatically output to the interface.
At the end of a moisture analysis routine, the final result is
output. If the routine is interrupted (by raising the hood,
for example), a "B" appears in the last line of the printout.
Intermediate results are output during a test either
automatically at set intervals or whenever the “print timer”
key is pressed.
13
General Specifications:
Description
Specification
Type of interface
Serial point-to-point
connection
Operation
Asynchronous, simplex
Standard
RS 232 C-S, V24-V28
Handshake lines
Clear to Send (CTS)
Data Terminal Ready
(DTR)
Interface
initialization
External (print key), or
Automatic print
command
Character coding
7-bit ASCII
Transmission rate
1,200 baud
Parity
Odd
Synchronization
1 start bit, 1 stop bit
Data output format
22 Characters:
(21st and 22nd Characters:
CR and LF)
14
Interfacing Devices with the Moisture Analyzer (RS
Interface)
Make sure that the interface port is electrically connected
to the protective grounding conductor of the moisture
analyzer housing. The cabling supplied as accessory
components is shielded and electrically connected on both
ends to the cases of the connectors. This electrical
connection may result in interference caused by cables
scraping the floor or by transient currents if you have
grounded the housing or connected the protective
grounding conductor for line power. If necessary, connect
an equipotential bonding conductor to the moisture
analyzer.
Connecting Electronic Devices (Peripherals)
Unplug the moisture analyzer before you connect or
disconnect devices to, or from the interface port.
Startup
1. Raise the hood on the moisture analyzer and position
the protective disk plate and the dish retainer on the
unit. The moisture analyzer, rated to Class 1, must be
plugged into a properly installed wall outlet which has
a protective grounding conductor (PE).
15
Appendix B
Mx-100 LOSS-ON-DRYING MOISTURE
ANALYZER SPECIFICATIONS
Test method
Heating by infrared rays;
determination of weight loss
Sample weight
30 g maximum, 5 - 10 g typical
Readability
0.01%
Measuring accuracy
0.05% (at approximately 5 - 10 g)
(Depending on sample)
Measuring range
(Moisture)
0 - 100%
Temperature range
40E - 160EC
Temperature increments 5EC
Ambient temperature
range
Sample dish
+10E to +40EC
90 mm diameter, disposable,
aluminum
16
Housing (W x D x H)
217 x 283 x 165 mm
8.5 x 11.1 x 6.5 in
Net weight
approximately 5.5 kg
12.1 lbs
Power requirements
115 V or 230 V (selectable)
Frequency
50 - 60 Hz
Allowable voltage
fluctuation
-20% to +15%
Power consumption
400 VA maximum
Interface
RS 232 C-S/V24 - V28
7-bit ASCII, 1,200 baud, odd
parity
17
Appendix C
Error Messages and Troubleshooting
Problem
Cause
Remedy
No Segments
Appear in
the Display
- No power
available
- The power
cord is not
plugged in
- Check the
power supply
- Plug in the
power cord
“L:l” appears
in the LCD
- The dish
retainer (2) is
not in place
- Insert the dish
retainer
"H" appears
in the LCD
- Sample
exceeds the
capacity of
the moisture
analyzer
- Reduce the
initial sample
weight
The weight
result
changes
constantly or
the LCD
does not
light up
- Unstable
ambient
conditions
- Set up the
moisture
analyzer in
another area
- Position the
sample dish or
dish retainer
correctly,
making sure
that they do not
touch the
protective disk
plate (3)
- The sample
dish or the
dish retainer
is touching
the protective
disk plate (3)
18
Appendix D
Cleaning, Maintenance and Calibration
Cleaning
Do not use any aggressive cleaning agents (solvents
or similar agents) on the outer case or the front
panel keypad. Instead, use a piece of cloth with a
mild detergent to clean the moisture analyzer.
Make sure that no liquid enters the moisture
analyzer housing. After cleaning, wipe down the
moisture analyzer with a soft, dry, lint-free cloth.
Safety Inspection
If there is any indication that safe operation of the
Computrac Mx-100 moisture analyzer is no longer
possible, turn off the power and unplug the unit
from the wall outlet immediately. Lock the
moisture analyzer away to ensure that it cannot be
used inadvertently.
Safe operation of the moisture analyzer is no longer
ensured when:
S there is visible damage to the moisture analyzer.
S the moisture analyzer no longer functions
properly.
S the moisture analyzer has been stored for
relatively long periods under unfavorable
conditions.
S the moisture analyzer has been exposed to rough
handling during shipment.
19
-
Calibration
The calibration routine adjusts sets the sensitivity of
the built-in weighing system to an accurate weight.
Materials Required:
30 gram calibration weight
Procedure
1. Switch the unit OFF.
2. Press the TE key down while switching the unit
ON.
3. While all segments of the LCD display are lit,
simultaneously press both the “clock” and
“printer clock” keys until a number and "C" are
displayed.
4. If the disposable sample pan is on the pan
support, remove it.
5. Press TE key once more.
6. As soon as “30.000" and "CAL” appear in the
display, place the 30 g calibration weight on the
dish retainer.
7. Once the calibration weight is stored, the unit
will shut off automatically. This indicates the
end of the calibration procedure.
Arizona Instrument recommends that the
Computrac Mx-100 be calibrated on an annual basis
by qualified factory service technicians. Under some
circumstances, a qualified technician may perform
more frequent calibrations.
20
If you have any questions about the Mx-100, this
calibration procedure or application development,
call Arizona Instrument Customer Service at (800)
235-3360 or (602) 470-1414.
Appendix E
Application Information
For moisture determination, the moisture lost is
displayed as a percentage (%) of the sample’s
beginning weight. Solids calculations compare the
residual sample weight to the sample’s beginning
weight to calculate the percentage. Since moisture
is analyzed most often, only moisture determination
is discussed in the succeeding sections.
Exact and reproducible moisture testing requires
optimum test parameters, careful sample handling
and preparation, and an accurate, reliable moisture
analyzer. The Computrac Mx-100 provides a high
degree of flexibility in parameter selection for
repeatable and dependable moisture measurements.
The two critical parameter settings in the Mx-100
are the “time” and the “temperature” settings.
You can ensure reproducible results if you maintain
the determined, optimal values for the sample
amount, time (automatic mode), and temperature
during a moisture analysis routine.
21
TRADEMARK AND COPYRIGHT
PROTECTION
Computrac, Arizona Instrument, and the stylized
AZI are all registered trademarks of Arizona
Instrument LLC.
Copyright 1997, Arizona Instrument LLC.
All Rights Reserved.
Arizona Instrument LLC
Computrac Mx-100 Moisture Analyzer Manual
Part Number: 700-0015
Revision A1
Document Number 6C21-0018
If you have any questions regarding the operation of
this instrument, please call our toll free number
(800) 528-7411. Internationally, call (602) 4701414 or fax (480) 804-0656.
Arizona Instrument LLC
3375 N Delaware St
Chandler, Arizona 85225 USA
http://www.azic.com
email:
[email protected] - General
[email protected] - International
[email protected] - Customer Support
22
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