VBrick Systems VB6000 Series Instruction manual

VBrick Systems VB6000 Series Instruction manual
VBrick 7000 Series
Network Video Appliances
VBrick v2.0 H.264 Appliance
Admin Guide
September 10, 2009
4410-0253-0002
Copyright
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.
12 Beaumont Road
Wallingford, Connecticut 06492, USA
www.VBrick.com
This publication contains confidential, proprietary, and trade secret information. No part of this document may be
copied, photocopied, reproduced, translated, or reduced to any machine-readable or electronic format without
prior written permission from VBrick. Information in this document is subject to change without notice and
VBrick Systems assumes no responsibility or liability for any errors or inaccuracies. VBrick, VBrick Systems, the
VBrick logo, StreamPlayer, and StreamPlayer Plus are trademarks or registered trademarks in the United States and
other countries. Windows Media is a trademarked name of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and other
countries. Flowerfire is a trademark of Sawmill. All other products or services mentioned in this document are
identified by the trademarks, service marks, or product names as designated by the companies who market those
products. Inquiries should be made directly to those companies. This document may also have links to third-party
web pages that are beyond the control of VBrick. The presence of such links does not imply that VBrick endorses
or recommends the content on those pages. VBrick acknowledges the use of third-party open source software and
licenses in some VBrick products. This freely available source code is posted at www.vbrick.com/opensource.
FCC Part 15
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for Class A digital device, pursuant to Part 15
of the FCC rules, Class A for OC-3C Interface, Class A for the SDI Interface. These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment.
This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance
with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. Operation of this
equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference in which case the user will be required to
correct the interference at their own expense. This Class A digital apparatus meets all requirements of the
Canadian Interference-Causing Equipment Regulations. Cet appareil numerique de la Classe A respecte toutes les
exigences do reglement dur le materiel brouilleur du Canada.
VBrick declares that this product conforms to the following certificate standards for electromagnetic
emissions when installed according to the manufacturer's specifications: EN 55022:2006; EN
55024:1998, A1:2001, A2:2003; EN 61000-3-2:2005; EN 61000-3-3:1995, A1:2001, A2:2005.
This product is Listed by Underwriters Laboratories Inc. Representative samples of this product have
been evaluated by UL and meet applicable safety standards. Although this product can operate in a 70°C
environment, the maximum recommended room ambient is be 66°C or lower to meet UL 60950-1
accessible surface temperature requirements.
About VBrick Systems
Founded in 1997, VBrick Systems, an ISO 9001 certified vendor, is a privately held company that has enjoyed rapid
growth by helping our customers successfully introduce mission critical video applications across their enterprise
networks. Since our founding, VBrick has been setting the standard for quality, performance and innovation in the
delivery of live and stored video over IP networks—LANs, WANs and the Internet. With thousands of video
appliances installed world-wide, VBrick is the recognized leader in reliable, high-performance, easy-to-use
networked video solutions.
VBrick is an active participant in the development of industry standards and continues to play an influential role in
the Internet Streaming Media Alliance (ISMA), the MPEG Industry Forum, and Internet2. In 1998 VBrick
invented and shipped the world's first MPEG Video Network Appliance designed to provide affordable DVDquality video across the network. Since then, VBrick's video solutions have grown to include Video on Demand,
Management, Security and Access Control, Scheduling, and Rich Media Integration. VBrick solutions are
successfully supporting a broad variety of applications including distance learning and training, conferencing and
remote office communications, security, process monitoring, traffic monitoring, business and news feeds to the
desktop, webcasting, corporate communications, collaboration, command and control, and telemedicine. VBrick
serves customers in education, government, healthcare, and financial services markets among others.
Contents
H.264 Admin Guide
Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii
Organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii
Getting Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii
Font Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . viii
Printer-Friendly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . viii
1. Introduction
Home . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
VBAdmin LEDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
VBAdmin Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Login . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Configuration Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Configuration Quick Start . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Video Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Audio Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Program Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Getting Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Configuring Local Online Help. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
2. System Configuration
Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Domain Name Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Network Time Synchronization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
General. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
System Identification. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
System Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
System Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
System Reset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Front Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Usernames & Passwords . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Manage Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Reset System Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Read System Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Restore System Configuration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Auto Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Feature License . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Advanced Configurations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Management SAP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Logging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Event Triggering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
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Passthrough . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
SNMPv3 Passwords . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
SNMP Traps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
3. Video/Audio Configuration
Video . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Video Template Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Audio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Audio Template Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
4. Program Configuration
Global . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Transmitter Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Server Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Transmitters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
SDP and Announcements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Announce Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
External Announce Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Servers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Announce Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
External Announce Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
5. Monitor
System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
System Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Manufacturing Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
System Restart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Network Time Synchronization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Video/Audio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Video . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Audio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
System Logs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Program Status. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Transmitters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Servers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
6. Troubleshoot
Ping Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Ping Test Result. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Ping Test Setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
TraceRoute Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Trace Route Test Result . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
iv
Contents
Trace Route Test Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Device Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Maintenance Mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Limited Run Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
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vi
Contents
H.264 Admin Guide
Preface
This document explains how to configure a VBrick H.264 network video appliance. It
provides detailed information about all configurable appliance options and parameters. The
VBAdmin management application is used for all configuration tasks. VBAdmin is a browserbased application that makes it easy to configure your appliance and to optimize performance
and get the best video. The VBrick H.264 Appliance Getting Started Guide explains how to
setup the appliance and how to use VBAdmin.
Organization
This online help system provides access to VBrick H.264 documentation. It has a
powerful search engine so you can get answers to technical questions in seconds; it also has
the documentation in PDF format if you need hard-copy. Our publications team is
committed to providing first-rate documentation and your feedback is important to us. If you
find errors or omissions, click the e-mail icon in the upper-right corner of this window or
send your feedback to [email protected]
Introduction
Provides an overview of the H.264 appliance and explains
how to login and get help.
System Configuration
These pages explain in detail how to configure system-level
parameters such as IP address and host name.
Video/Audio Configuration These pages describe audio and video input parameters and
explain how to use the pre-built templates for best results.
Program Configuration
These pages explain program information and video
destination parameters, as well as how to configure the
internal web server.
Monitor
Explains various monitoring pages including network, video/
audio, status logs and program status.
Troubleshoot
This page explains how to use standard troubleshooting tools
to run network, device, and traceroute tests.
Getting Help
If you need help, or more information about any topic, use the online help system. The
online help is cross-referenced and searchable and can usually find the information in a few
seconds. Use the tree controls in the left pane to open documents and the up and down
arrows to page through them. Use the Search box to find specific information. Simply enter
one or more words in the box and press Enter. The search results will return pages that have
all of the words you entered—highlighted in yellow (Internet Explorer only). The Search box
is not case-sensitive and does not recognize articles (a, an, the), operators (+ and –), or
quotation marks. You can narrow the search by adding words.
If you can't find the information you need from the online help, please contact your
authorized VBrick reseller. They are trained and certified by VBrick and can provide help and
technical support for all VBrick products. For additional information, use the VBrick
VBrick H.264 Appliance Admin Guide
vii
Support Services "On-Line Support" page at www.vbrick.com/support/index.asp or call 1
203 303-0222 in Wallingford, CT, USA to speak with a VBrick representative. Note that the
latest documentation and information for all VBrick products is available online at
www.vbrick.com/documentation
Font Conventions
Arial bold is used to
Programs > VBrick
describe dialog boxes and menu choices, for example: Start > All
Courier fixed-width font
is used for scripts, code examples, or keyboard commands.
Courier bold fixed-width font
is used for user input in scripts, code examples, or keyboard
commands.
This bold black font is used to strongly emphasise important words or phrases.
Folder names and user examples in text
User input in text
are displayed in this sans serif font.
is displayed in this bold sans serif font.
Italics are used in text to emphasize specific words or phrases.
Printer-Friendly
Click on the following link to print a hard copy of this document.
VBrick H.264 Appliance Admin Guide
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T
To save or print a PDF document
1.
2.
Click once to open the PDF document in Acrobat Reader.
To save or print a PDF document, right-click and select Save Target As or Print Target .
Preface
Chapter 1
Introduction
Topics in this section
Home . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
VBAdmin Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Configuration Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Getting Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Built on a completely redesigned architecture, VBrick H.264 appliances represent our newest
networked video products. Capable of supporting both Standard Definition and High
Definition video delivery, the H.264 product family expands VBrick's market leadership by
continuing to deliver on its heritage of providing reliable, flexible, portable, scalable, and
manageable networked video appliances. Organizations worldwide can now deliver video in a
wide range of quality—from 3G to HD—over any network infrastructure. The new H.264
appliances promise vastly improved quality to deliver an even better customer experience for
any given bandwidth.
Figure 1. VBrick H.264 Network Video Appliance
Home
The Home page provides a snapshot of the current status of the appliance. All text fields are
read-only and there are no editable fields on this page. The colored LED indicators in the
middle of the page give you a quick snapshot of the health and status of the appliance. See
VBAdmin LEDs below for an explanation of what they mean.
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Figure 2. VBAdmin Home Page
Logged in as
The user who is currently logged in.
System IP Address
Read from the System Configuration > Network page.
System Description
Read from the Monitor > System page.
System Name
Read from the System Configuration > General page.
System Location
Read from the System Configuration > General page.
System Contact
Read from the System Configuration > General page.
System Up Time
Read from the Monitor > System page. Refreshed every 60
seconds.
Total System Up Time
Read from the Monitor > System page. Refreshed every 60
seconds.
Application Code Revision Read from the Monitor > System page.
System Serial Number
Read from the Monitor > System page.
VBAdmin LEDs
The colored LEDs in the middle of the page give you a quick snapshot of the health and
status of the appliance. These indicators are dynamically refreshed every five seconds and
give you an up-to-the-minute snapshot of the current status.
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© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
Introduction
Video Input
Checks whether Video State on the Monitor > Video/Audio page is
running or not running.
• Green – Running.
• Red – Video Input problem.
Streaming
Checks whether the State on the Program Status > Transmitters page
is transmitting or not transmitting. This includes any configured
transmitters or any server clients connected to the appliance.
• Green – at least one transmitter or server client is streaming.
• Yellow – no transmitters or server clients are streaming.
Alarms
Checks whether the System Traps on the Monitor > System Logs page
has any bad traps (for example a temperature alarm or a POST failure)
that were not cleared.
• Green – no alarms are present.
• Red – one or more alarms are present.
Configuration
Checks for configuration errors or invalid input on any appliance
configuration pages.
• Green – no configuration errors are present.
• Yellow – one or more configuration errors are present.
VBAdmin Overview
VBAdmin is explained in detail in the H.264 Appliance Getting Started Guide. The H.264
Appliance has an integrated management interface (VBAdmin) that lets you manage VBrick
configuration from an external browser. This allows network managers to remotely configure
and monitor the appliances from virtually anywhere. As shown in Table 1 you can launch
VBAdmin in Internet Explorer or Firefox (other browsers are not supported by VBrick). You
connect to VBAdmin by pointing to the IP Address (for example: http://192.168.5.5 ) of the
VBrick appliance and logging in with a user name and password. VBAdmin is one of several
ways you can manage the appliance (for example you can also use Telnet or the Command
Line interface) but VBAdmin is the easiest to use. Note that some changes to the
configuration will initiate an automatic reboot. When this happens, wait approximately 60
seconds, then refresh the page and log back in with your user name and password.
Note VBAdmin has a read-only View mode and an Edit mode where you can actually make
configuration changes. All VBAdmin screens in this document are shown in Edit mode.
Table 1. Supported Browsers (VBAdmin)
Browser
Version
Microsoft Internet Explorer
6.0 or higher
Mozilla Firefox
2.0 or higher
Login
T
To login to an H.264 appliance
1.
Open a browser and enter the IP address of the appliance in the address bar.
VBrick H.264 Appliance Admin Guide
3
2.
Login to VBAdmin with a valid user name and password (case-sensitive), and then click
the Log In button. The default user name and password is admin and admin . It is highly
recommended that you use the Maintenance pages in VBAdmin to change the user name
and password. The user name and password cannot exceed 20 characters. It may include
any combination of alphanumeric characters and only the following special characters:
~ ! # $ ^ * + & [ ] { } | < >
Figure 3. VBAdmin Login Page
Configuration Overview
The VBrick H.264 encoder introduces the concepts of "programs" for many configuration
tasks. A program simply represents a video source and/or an associated audio source.
Another key concept is the relationship of physical I/O connectors and I/O sources. For
example, you may have two audio connectors. You can choose to consider the two
connectors as representing a single stereo audio source or you can choose the two connectors
to represent two separate audio sources associated with two different programs. If a
Composite connector and S-Video connector exist in a certain hardware configuration, the
two physical connectors may represent two separate sources for two separate programs or
may represent a single source. This allows users to select between the Composite/S-Video
connectors thereby allowing switching within a designated program.
Configuration Quick Start
This section gives a quick overview of the steps you would typically need to perform to
configure a VBrick H.264 encoder. Keep in mind that in this initial release, there is only one
program available.
T
To quickly configure an encoder appliance
1.
Set up the appliance and connect a video source as explained in the H.264 Appliance
Getting Started Guide.
Launch VBAdmin and configure the video and audio sources as explained in the various
sections of this document. For information about any option or parameter, click on the
question mark hyperlink in the upper-right corner of any VBAdmin page.
A program can have multiple multicast/unicast transmitters. Configure the transmitters
for the program.
A program can also have multiple servers. Configure the servers for the program.
If you complete the above steps successfully, you will have configured the program.
2.
3.
4.
5.
4
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
Introduction
Video Configuration
On the Video/Audio Configuration pages you define the relationship between physical
audio/video connectors and audio/video sources and the relationship between audio/video
sources and the program. In most cases this is very simple because the hardware allows only
one set of relationships. For example, in this release, there is one video source which is, at any
point in time, either the Component or S-Video connector, one audio source which can be
either one of the audio jacks or both, and one program consisting of the audio source and/or
the video source.
Going forward, the software will query the hardware and offer appropriate programs. Note
that in some cases, the same video source may be associated with different programs. For
example, you may have a single video source associated with multiple audio sources in a
multi-language environment. Templates can be used to control a single video or a single
audio rate. Templates are part of the rate configuration for each audio or video source. The
Load Template button launches a pop-up window showing the available templates with
preconfigured values.
As noted above, in some cases there is not a one to one mapping between physical video
connectors and video sources. In this release, for example, you can use either the S-Video or
the Component connector as the source for the single program available. You can switch
between the connectors but the viewer will see the video stream adjusting in the program
they are viewing.
Audio Configuration
As noted, this release supports only a single mono or stereo audio source. If two physical
connectors are defined as being utilized for stereo, there will be one configuration for the
stereo pair. That is, the two physical connectors will represent a single audio program source.
The options shown in the dropdown box labeled How is audio connected? define how the
audio connectors can be used. There is an Automatic Volume Control field that is enabled by
default. The first three options load preset values that cannot be changed unless you select
User Defined .
Program Configuration
The Program Configuration page has an area where all common parameters associated with
the program are defined. The most critical of these parameters is the announcement data (on
the Transmitters page) and the program name (on the Programs page). In order for the Portal
server to know that the various announcements being generated are associated with the same
program, the program name for all announcements for different delivery mechanisms and bit
rates for the given program must be the same.
Transmitters
There are up to 25 destinations available per program. Each is selectable as unicast or
multicast. The configuration parameters are divided into a common section (on the Programs
page) and another section (on the Transmitters page) which configures each individual
destination. The Announce IP Address for Transmitters and port provides the ability to
configure a single announce IP address and port for all multicast/unicast destinations. The
announcement for all configured destinations will be sent to this IP address and port.
The Use Global Announce IP and Port option sends the announcement to the IP address and
port specified on the Common parameters page. Users are allowed to name the destinations.
VBrick H.264 Appliance Admin Guide
5
These names will replace the generic names shown in the dropdown list at the top. For
example Destination 1 will be replaced by the given name of the destination. The Select Video
Rate and Select Audio Rate dropdowns show only Video and Audio Rates1 and None in this
release. These fields can be used to transmit video only or audio only programs by setting
either video or audio to None.
Servers
There are three possible server configurations for a given stream. The configuration
parameters are divided into one common section (on the Programs page) and another section
(on the Servers page) which configures each individual server.
Getting Help
A link to the online help system is available from the Configuration Menu on the left side of
the VBAdmin page. This help system has a powerful full-text search engine that can quickly
find the information you need. You may wish to take a few minutes to familiarize yourself
with the help system. It can save time when tying to find information about appliance
parameters or options. When using VBAdmin, click on the question mark hyperlink in the
upper-right corner of each page to get context-sensitive help for that page.
Configuring Local Online Help
The online help system points to a VBrick web server and requires an Internet connection. In
some cases it may be preferable (and faster) to put the help files on your local web server. To
do this you need to edit two MIB variables using the Command Line Interface or a MIB
browser. You also need to copy the help files from the Product CD to your web server. (For
more about using the CLI, see the "Command Line Interface" chapter in the H.264 Appliance
Getting Started Guide.)
T
To install the help files and point to a local server
1.
2.
Open the CLI using Telnet or HyperTerminal.
Begin an edit session and set the following VBrick parameters as shown below. When
done, apply and save the configuration as shown. Note that all commands are
case-sensitive.
Replace web_server_ip_address with the complete path to the Default Web Site > Home
Directory on your local server.
3.
SVAR vbrickEditName=
SVAR vbrickEditName=admin
SVAR vbrickSysConfigurableHelpLinksEnable=2
SVAR "vbrickSysConfigurableHelpLinksURL=http://<web_server_ip_address>
SVAR vbrickSysApplySet=2
SVAR vbrickSysSaveConfiguration=2
6
4.
Insert the "H.264 Appliance Product CD" in your computer and open Windows
Explorer.
5.
Right-click on the CD and select Explore. Then copy and paste the folder
VBrick_H264Help into the path you specified in Step 3 above.
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
Chapter 2
System Configuration
Topics in this section
Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
General. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Usernames & Passwords . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Manage Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Advanced Configurations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Network
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8
Network DHCP
Default - Enabled. Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol –
(Enable, Disable). On Ethernet models, if DHCP is enabled, the
VBrick gets its IP Address and Subnet Mask from the DHCP
server. If the DHCP server supplies the Gateway Address or
DNS server address, these parameters will replace the user
entered Gateway and DNS settings. If DHCP is enabled and the
appliance cannot obtain an IP address from the server, it will start
in limited run mode after 90 seconds, using its default IP Address
of 172.17.5.5 . After 15 minutes, it will automatically reset and
again attempt to acquire an address. The LCD screen on the front
of the VBrick will indicate a DHCP failed message. Note: The
VBrick appliance requires a minimum DHCP lease length of 8
minutes to work, however it is recommended to extend the lease
time to what is maximally available via the network to avoid
disruptions.
DHCP Retry Interval
See above. Use to adjust the time before the appliance will reset
and attempt to acquire an IP address. Range 3–15. Default = 15.
IP address
IP Address of the VBrick.
Subnet Mask
Subnet mask for the VBrick address.
Gateway IP Address
Gateway IP Address for communicating across distinct network
segments.
Host Name
The Host Name defaults to the Media Access Control (MAC)
address, a hardware address that uniquely identifies each node of
a network. The VBrick Host Name identifies the appliance to
various network applications including DHCP, SNMP and VBrick
application tools. The Host Name syntax can be a maximum of 18
characters, the first character must be a letter and the rest can be letters,
numbers or hyphens.
Network Interface
Speed
10Mbps, 100Mbps, or Automatic. This allows the Ethernet
interface of the VBrick to be manually forced to 10 or 100 Mbps.
Automatic is the default and recommended setting. Automatic
enables auto negotiation and the appliance will automatically
match its speed setting to the speed of the switch or hub to which
it is attached. Automatic can resolve up to 1GB depending on
your network.
The settings for Network Interface Speed and Network Interface
Type are interdependent. They must both be set to Automatic or
they must both be set manually. Manual settings should be used
only in the rare case when the appliance is attached to network
equipment that does not support auto negotiation. The VBrick's
capabilities will be limited when its Ethernet link is at 10 Mbps
and/or Half Duplex. If auto negotiation fails, the VBrick defaults
to 100 Mbps, Full Duplex, and attempts "parallel detection," an
alternative way to sense speed. Status parameters are available on
the network status screen to indicate the state of the link and the
current configuration of the Ethernet hardware. In auto mode,
they reflect the results of the negotiation and in manual mode
they follow the configuration options.
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
System Configuration
Network Interface Type Half Duplex, Full-Duplex, or Automatic. This allows the
Ethernet interface of the VBrick to be manually forced to Half or
Full Duplex. The default setting is Automatic which enables auto
negotiation in the appliance so it will automatically match its
duplex setting to that of the switch or hub that it is attached to.
Automatic is the default and recommended setting. The settings
for Network Interface Speed and Network Interface Type are
interdependent. See the description of Network Interface Speed
above.
Note: Half Duplex is only supported on encoder models with a
Hardware Revision level of 2.1 or higher. To check revision level,
go to Monitor > System page.
Maximum Transmission Range 1024–1500 (default = 1500). The MTU is used for all
Unit Size
network traffic from the VBrick and defines the largest network
packet size that will be transmitted. A higher MTU brings higher
bandwidth efficiency and VBrick recommends using the default.
However you may wish to reduce MTU size to meet the
requirements of some networks with VPN or other security
tunnels that cannot tolerate 1500-byte packets.
Domain Name Server
Primary Server IP Address
This is the primary server used for DNS.
Secondary Server IP Address This is the secondary server used for DNS.
Default Domain Extension
This is the domain name used for DNS.
Network Time Synchronization
These fields are used to synchronize network time using the host name or IP address of a
known server to provide a synchronized time for all appliances in the network.
Note Network Administrators please note. DHCP Option 4 (TIME) and Option 42 (NTP)
are requested from the DHCP server to obtain SNTP server addresses. One or both
of these options must be enabled in the DHCP server for these addresses to be
returned to the VBrick. If both are returned, the VBrick will use the NTP server
address. If the DHCP server configuration is unknown, it is recommended that the
address(es) be manually entered since the DHCP server-supplied address will always
override a manually-entered address.
Network Time Protocol
Check to enable network time synchronization. Default =
Disabled.
Primary Server IP Address
Primary host name (VBrick Host Name or DNS Host
Name) or IP address of valid SNTP server providing time
synchronization. A blank field indicates the server address
will be acquired via the DHCP server only if the Network
DHCP field above is checked.
VBrick H.264 Appliance Admin Guide
9
Secondary Server IP Address Secondary host name (VBrick Host Name or DNS Host
Name) or IP address of valid SNTP server providing time
synchronization. A blank field indicates the server address
will be acquired via the DHCP server only if the Network
DHCP field above is checked.
General
System Identification
The Name, Location, and Contact fields are used to identify the appliance. They are not
changed when you click Default . (They are changed when you reset to the defaults on the
Manage Configuration page.)
System Description Read-only. Company name, appliance model number, and serial
number.
10
System Name
User-defined. System name, for example Biology Dept.
System Location
User-defined. System location, for example West Campus.
System Contact
User-defined. Contact person, for example Jane Doe.
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
System Configuration
System Time
System Date Time
Sets system date and time in mm/dd/yyyy hh:mm format. The
appliance will reset when you click Set Time.
Time Zone
Select from list: (GMT-12) Eniwetok – (GMT +12) Auckland.
Daylight Saving Time U.S. only. Check this box and the appliance will automatically adjust
for Daylight Savings Time. This is particularly useful when
monitoring the System Logs.
System Mode
Operational Mode
Indicates the configured operational mode of the appliance. The
following modes are supported:
• Run Mode – Normal operation.
• Diagnostics – User selected mode for running certain VBrick
diagnostics. See Troubleshoot on page 69.
System Reset
Reset
Resets (i.e. reboots) the appliance. A reset does not change, save, or
reset any configuration parameters.
Front Panel
The parameters shown here are used to configure the appearance and behavior of the front
panel. Access to front panel Configuration Mode is restricted by Pin number. Pin numbers
(default = 0000 ) are defined on the Usernames & Passwords page. Some VBrick H.264
appliance models have a front panel without keypad buttons or an LCD screen. If you have
one of these devices, the front panel configuration parameters shown below are not displayed.
For a description of how to actually use the front panel, see the "Front Panel" topic in the
H.264 Appliance Getting Started Guide.
VBrick H.264 Appliance Admin Guide
11
Config Mode
Use this option to allow or prevent users from making configuration
changes via the front panel. If disabled, users (in Function mode)
can still run scripts from the front panel using the F1–F4 function
keys.
Display IP Address
Check to display the appliance IP address on LCD panel.
Display Hostname
Check to display the appliance hostname on LCD panel.
Display Transmitter
Information
Check to display transmitter name and destination IP address on
LCD front.
Display User
Description
Check to display user-defined text on the first two lines of LCD
panel.
User Description 1
Enter user-defined text (20 chars. max.) that will be displayed on
first line of LCD panel. Default = VBrick Systems
User Description 2
Enter user-defined text (20 chars. max.) that will be displayed on
second line of LCD panel. Default = Release nn.nn.nnn
User Function
Description 1–4
After navigating to Function mode with the Mode button, there are
four configurable lines of text you can use to describe the behavior
associated with each function key. For example, you might define the
four configurable lines of text as follows:
F1 - Start Transmitting
F2 - End Transmitting
F3 - Mute Audio
F4 - Unmute Audio
12
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
System Configuration
Read or Write Script
Files
You can add scripts to the /scripts folder on the appliance via FTP
by clicking on the FTP Scripts button.
User Function Script Use this parameter to associate a user-defined and user-named .txt
1–4
script file with (F1–F4) function keys on the front panel. Simply
press the appropriate function key to execute the script. For an
example of a user-defined script, see Sample Script on page 17.
Usernames & Passwords
Use this page to define user names and passwords and their corresponding permissions with
respect to the appliance. (Table 2 shows the default user names, passwords, and permissions.)
It also lets you assign a Pin number that will allow direct access to the keypad and functions
on the appliance front panel (if the appliance is configured with a front panel.
User Name
Enter desired user name. Cannot exceed 20 characters. It may include
any combination of alphanumeric characters and only the following
special characters: ~ ! # $ ^ * + & [ ] { } | < > See Table 2 below for
defaults.
Password
Enter password. Cannot exceed 20 characters. May include any
combination of alphanumeric characters but only the following special
characters: ~ ! # $ ^ * + & [ ] { } | < > See Table 2 for defaults.
Confirm
Confirm new password entry. The appliance will then display a user
message and reboot.
Pin
Default = 0000 . Enter a four-digit numeric string that will allow direct
access to the keypad and functions on the appliance front panel.
Confirm Pin
Enter the same numeric string from above to confirm.
VBrick H.264 Appliance Admin Guide
13
Table 2. Default User Names and Passwords
User Level
Default User Name Default Password Permissions
Administrator admin
admin
Read, diagnostics, edit, change
password, network and routing.
Operator
operator
operator
Read, diagnostics, edit.
Diagnostics
diagnostics
diagnostics
Read, diagnostics.
Public
public
public
Read
Manage Configuration
This page lets you reset some or all of the parameters in the appliance configuration. It also
lets you read and save the current configuration to an .xml file and restore that configuration
if necessary. Manage configuration includes the following functions.
Reset System Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Read System Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Restore System Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Auto Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Feature License . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Reset System Configuration
This menu lets you default some or all appliance configuration parameters.
14
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
System Configuration
Default All
Sets all parameters except Network DHCP, IP Address, Subnet Mask,
Gateway IP, User Names, Passwords and System Date & Time.
Factory Defaults
Sets all parameters to factory defaults with the exception of System
Date and Time.
Read System Configuration
This function lets you read configuration parameters from the VBrick appliance to a file, as
well as write configuration parameters from a file to the VBrick. The file is an .xml file and
Internet Explorer is the assumed browser. Note that the VBrick appliance the .xml file is read
from, and VBrick appliance the .xml file is written to, should be running the same version of
code. Mismatched versions may work but are not supported or guaranteed.
Note .xml configuration files from VB6000 Series appliances are not compatible with
VBrick 7000 Series models. Do not try to run VB6000 Series configuration files on
VBrick 7000 Series appliances.
Use any text editor, preferably an .xml editor to make changes to the file. You can change the
"values" field as well as delete objects as necessary. Make sure the right data types are used.
For example if a parameter takes integer values, do not enter a string. Also IP Address
parameters must have the right IP syntax. Enter "0.0.0.0" to enter a null IP address. Blanks
and null strings are not valid IP Addresses.
You can read the configuration parameters from the VBrick by clicking the Read button on
the page. After clicking on the button, an xml document with all the configuration
parameters will pop up (see Figure 4). The .xml document can then be saved to your PC as an
.xml file using File > Save As. To view this file offline, you must download the style sheet to
the same directory as the saved file. Do not change the name of the style sheet. It should
always be saved as cfgdata.xsl and the first line at the top of the configuration file must
always be: <?xml-stylesheet type="text/xsl" href="cfgdata.xsl"?>
Note Firefox users: To view or save the configuration file, click Read. Then go to File >
Save Page As and save the file as Web Page, XML only. Then download the stylesheet
to the same folder and you can view the configuration file using the stylesheet.
VBrick H.264 Appliance Admin Guide
15
Figure 4. Sample VBrick Configuration File
Restore System Configuration
This function lets you write configuration parameters from an .xml file to the VBrick
appliance. On a successful restore, all parameters will be saved to flash and the appliance will
reboot. Only administrator-level users and above have "write" privileges. Note that the
VBrick appliance that the configuration file is read from, and VBrick appliance that the
configuration file is written to should be running the same version of code. Mismatched
versions may work but are not supported or guaranteed.
T
To restore the system configuration from an .xml file:
1.
Click the Browse button and navigate to the configuration file you want to write to the
appliance.
Click on the Restore button to write the selected file to the VBrick appliance. If there are
no validation errors the configuration parameters will be saved to flash memory and the
appliance will reset.
If the configuration has validation errors, the file is rejected and the errors are displayed.
You will need to correct the errors and create a valid .xml "read" file as explained above.
2.
3.
Auto Configuration
Auto Configuration lets you perform a configuration via a URL script file. It is typically used
for remote configuration and troubleshooting or to configure appliances behind a firewall. To
16
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
System Configuration
configure a parameter on an appliance (or more likely a set of parameters) you simply point
the URL to a server with an .xml configuration file. This is useful, for example, to set the
audio and video rates when the VBrick appliance is behind a firewall and cannot be accessed
remotely.
The VBrick reads the URL field (e.g. www.myserver.com/config.xml ) via HTTP protocol and
executes the script depending on the VBEXECUTE tag. If a VBEXECUTEFORCE tag is present in
the .xml file (see example below), the script runs every time at the poll interval even if it has
not changed. If a VBEXECUTEIFDIF tag is present the script runs only if it is different from the
last executed file. One of these tags is required.
If the VBrick is in Edit mode, the script file will not run until the edit session is ended. The
auto config script will run before any external event scripts. In Edit mode, you can press Run
Script to execute the script on demand. After a reboot, the VBrick checks for a script URL
and will run the script immediately, regardless of the VBEXECUTE tag value.
URL
Valid path to a URL script file, for example: www.myserver.com/
config.xml . Default = blank.
Poll Rate
The rate at which the appliance checks the config file. 0–1440
minutes. Default = 0.
Auto Config Status Shows auto config status including when the script was last run, URL
connection errors, etc.
Run Script
Edit mode only. Run the script now.
Sample Script
The auto config script file (config.xml ) is an .xml file with the following syntax. It can set any
VBrick parameters and force an "apply" as needed. This example shows how to set various
recorder parameters. Note that a VBEXECUTE tag is required and all commands must be
preceded by an svar (set variable) command.
<?xml version="1.0"?>
<?VBEXECUTEFORCE?>
<VBRICK>
SVAR vbrickEncoderVideoCommonAspectRatio.1.1=2
SVAR vbrickEncoderVideoH264Resolution.1.1=15
SVAR vbrickEncoderVideoH264TargetBitRate.1.1=5000000
SVAR vbrickEncoderVideoCommonApplySet.1=2
</VBRICK>
Note The script file must have DOS/Windows style line endings. Text files created on
Windows machines have different line endings than those created on Unix or Linux
machines. Windows machines use a carriage return and line feed (\r\n ) whereas Unix
machines use line feed (\n ) only.
Feature License
Use these fields to enter license keys for specific add-on features purchased from VBrick. For
example you can purchase a license for an HD-ready H.264 appliance that will enable HD
resolutions.
VBrick H.264 Appliance Admin Guide
17
Feature License Key
Cut and paste the license key you received from VBrick into this
field.
Install Feature License
Use this button to actually install a license.
Installed Feature Licenses Read-only. Shows all licenses currently installed.
Advanced Configurations
The functions in this section are generally used by system administrators to configure
management parameters. These parameters should not be changed except by knowledgeable
systems administrators. Advanced configurations include the following.
Management SAP. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Security. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Logging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Event Triggering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Passthrough . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
SNMPv3 Passwords . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
SNMP Traps. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Management SAP
These parameters define information used in the management SAPs (session
announcements) emitted by the VBrick appliance. These SAP announcements are received by
the VBDirectory management tool and the EtherneTV Portal Server. See the VBDirectory
User Guide for more information.
18
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
System Configuration
Transmit Enable
Controls the transmission of the Management SAPs (Enable or
Disable).
Group Name
Optional. This parameter defines the Group Name. It is included in the
Management SAPs used by VBDirectory. It is used for organizing
VBricks into groups to simplify use of VBDirectory.
Unit Number
Optional. The appliance unit number (range 0–2147483647) is used to
identify each VBrick in a group.
SAP Timeout
Provides a configurable timeout, in seconds, for received management
SAPs. If no SAP is received within the timeout period, the entry is
removed. Default = 90 sec.
Retransmit Time
Defines the Management SAP Retransmit Time.
Time To Live
The number of hops (between routers) for which a Management SAP is
valid on the network.
Type of Service
The TOS (Type of Service) can be configured in the IP header to
establish packet priority in the network.
IP Address
Defines the Destination IP Address for Management SAPs.
Port
Defines the Destination Port for Management SAPs.
VBrick H.264 Appliance Admin Guide
19
Security
Note If you disable Telnet, FTP, VBAdmin, the Front Panel, and SNMP, the only way to
manage (and re-enable) these parameters is to connect a PC to the appliance with a
serial cable and use the Command Line Interface. You should never disable all the
network management interfaces if you are using the COM port for serial passthrough.
20
External Telnet Server
Default = Enabled. Disabled will prevent Telnet sessions to the
VBrick appliance.
External FTP Server
Default = Enabled. Disabled will prevent FTP sessions to the
VBrick appliance. Note that this feature must be enabled to
upgrade the appliance firmware using VBDownload.
External VBAdmin
• Enabled – Default. Lets you manage the appliance from a web
browser using the VBAdmin management application.
Supports HTTP or HTTPS.
• Disabled – Prevents you from managing the appliance using
VBAdmin.
• HTTPS Only – Encrypts and secures the VBAdmin pages
using HTTPS.
External SNMP
Default = Enabled. Disabled will prevent you from using an
external MIB browser to view or write parameters.
External SNMPv1
and SNMPv2 Access
Default = Enabled. You can use both SNMP v1/v2, and v3. For
tightest security, set parameter to Disabled and use SNMPv3 only.
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
System Configuration
External SSH Server
Default = Enabled. SSH (Secure Shell) is a replacement for Telnet.
It allows data to pass between two networked devices using a
secure channel.
No Login For Viewer
Files
Default = Enabled. If enabled the VBrick will serve a transmitter's
SDP file without requiring a login with username and password.
This allows any device (players, decoders, etc.) to acquire the SDP
file directly from the appliance. If disabled you may need to
provide another method for delivering the SDP file to the
receiving device, such as copying the file to another server.
Remote Support Poll
Default = Disabled. The default enables continuous polling
through the firewall. If desired, you can enable polling only when
you need to establish a remote connection. This will not reboot the
appliance.
Remote Support
Server
Default = remote.vbrick.com . Use the default if a DNS server is
defined on the Network page. If a DNS server is not defined, you
must enter an IP Address in this field. Contact Support Services
for details.
RTSP Server Port
Default = 554. Sets the RTSP server port.
VBAdmin Server Port
Specifies the listener port for management and HTTP
connections. Default = 80. When the remote VBAdmin user
(client) specifies the http syntax, the port value is generally
omitted. Typically port 80 is the default value used by browsers.
As a matter of consistency, the VBrick default VBAdmin Server
Port value is also defaulted to 80. To access a different HTTP
port, the remote VBAdmin client user would specify the URL as
follows: http://IPaddress:port where IPaddress = VBrick IP
address or hostname, and port. This feature is often useful for a
system where HTTP is used to traverse firewalls. The VBAdmin
server port is moved to another location (for example 8080) and
the HTTP Tunneling port (or the Windows Media HTTP port) is
set to 80.
Secure VBAdmin
Server Port
Specifies the listener port for management and HTTPS
connections. Default = 443. When the remote VBAdmin user
(client) specifies the HTTPS syntax, the port value is generally
omitted. Typically port 443 is the default value used by browsers.
As a matter of consistency, the VBrick default Secure VBAdmin
Server Port value is also defaulted to 443. To access a different
HTTPS port, the remote VBAdmin client user would specify the
URL as follows: https://IPaddress:port where IPaddress = VBrick
IP address or hostname, and port.
H.264 Tunneling Port
Sets the port to be used to serve tunneled H.264 HTTP streams.
Default is 8080 but if you are streaming HTTP directly from a
VBrick via the Internet, it is common practice to change this to 80
and to set the VBAdmin server port to something other than 80.
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Generate Security Keys The security keys used internally by HTTPS and SSH are
factory-generated and should be replaced only if security is an
issue. Note: Key generation is CPU-intensive and should only be
performed when the appliance is idle. It will take 3–5 minutes if
the appliance is idle (or much longer if the appliance is in use).
Security Keys Status
•
•
•
– The existing security keys are valid.
– New security keys are being generated.
Reboot Required – New security keys have been generated and
will take effect after a reboot.
Valid Keys
Generating Keys
Improving Security
You can improve security by (1) blocking unauthorized attempts to login and access a device
and (2) by reducing exposure to malicious software attacks. The most common vulnerability
is related to user accounts and passwords. After a successful installation, you should
immediately change the default passwords. Many attacks come from within an organization
and this helps to minimize the risk. The VBAdmin login is generally secure since it utilizes
encryption techniques to hide usernames and passwords from network spyware.
Malicious software covertly attaches itself to unsuspecting devices. These programs are
generally designed to compromise personal information or to create system havoc. Since the
VBrick appliance uses an industrial-grade operating system, it is less susceptible to malicious
software and unlikely to be a target of programs designed to attack PC-based systems like
Microsoft, Linux, and others. However, you can still take additional steps to minimize risk.
VBrick tries to make installation as simple and quick installation and many features are
automatically enabled by default even though you may not need them. You can selectively
disable unneeded features to reduce vulnerability. Another common problem is Denial of
Service (DoS) attacks. A DoS sends floods of packets to an unsuspecting remote system in an
attempt to disrupt or stop normal operation. These unsuspecting remote systems are typically
discovered using ICMP or Ping. It is standard industry practice to block all ICMP and Ping
requests from off-net foreign hosts. This is typically done in a centralized location using
router/firewall technology which is more successful and cost effective than resolving the
issue at each host.
Logging
Logging of certain events can be stored both locally (within the VBrick device) or externally
(for example on a server). Local logs are stored in volatile memory. For preservation of
information, it is recommended that remote logging be utilized. Remote servers generally
offer ample storage and offer the additional benefit of collecting log information from
several VBricks simultaneously. When logging externally, specify either the IP address or
hostname of the actual server using the Remote Event Log Destination field. If remote
logging is enabled, the log information is sent via SNMP traps. When you enable logging, be
sure to set the system date and time (see System Time on page 11) or select a network time
server in order to get accurate time stamps in the logs.
22
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
System Configuration
Log Time Zone
Determines the time zone where the unit is located. The time which
is included in the logged event displays time in this format.
Trap Log Local
Stores logs locally within the unit. The log file will wrap after 20
events.
Trap Log Remote
Sends log file to an external server.
General Config Log Stores the log of user initiated configuration changes traps locally
Local
within the unit. The log file will wrap after 20 events.
General Config Log Sends the log of user initiated configuration changes to an external
Remote
server.
Script Config
Log Local
Stores the log of script generated configuration changes locally
within the unit. The log file will wrap after 20 events.
Script Config
Log Remote
Sends the log of the log of script generated configuration changes to
an external server.
System Event Log
Local
Stores the log of system events locally within the unit. The log file
will wrap after 20 events.
System Event Log
Remote
Logs systems events to an external server.
Remote Event Log
Destination
Unicast IP address of remote event log server.
Event Triggering
You can create and run scripts to activate certain functions on a VBrick appliance. There are
two ways to run scripts on an appliance. (1) You can run scripts for test purposes using the
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23
button in VBAdmin or (2) you can use an external event trigger (see "Event
Triggering" in the VBrick Appliance Getting Started Guide) to run a script. There are four
event trigger scripts, with fixed names, that can be created and stored in flash memory in the
/scripts folder. You write your own scripts and associate them with the file names shown
below.
Run Script
Note Do not confuse Event Trigger scripts with User Function scripts. User Function
scripts are associated and run with the (F1–F4) buttons on the appliance front panel.
See Front Panel on page 11 for more about User Function scripts.
The VBrick appliance can be set up to use serial (COM) Pins 7 and 8 as input events to
trigger the appliance to run scripts. The script files execute a subset of the CLI commands
(SVAR and WAIT ) in order to activate specific functions on the VBrick appliance. There are a
total of four possible input events (COM Pin8 Low, COM Pin8 High, COM Pin7 Low, COM
Pin7 High) associated with four different scripts. The script file names cannot be changed.
•
•
•
•
/scripts/com1Pin8LowEventScript.txt
/scripts/com1Pin8HighEventScript.txt
/scripts/com1Pin7LowEventScript.txt
/scripts/com1Pin7HighEventScript.txt
Run Scripts Using VBAdmin
You can run scripts using the Run Script button in VBAdmin. This button is only available in
Edit mode and is basically used for test purposes. See Sample Script below. Note that you
cannot execute a script using an event trigger if VBAdmin is currently running in Edit mode.
If you run a script directly from VBAdmin, it automatically exits Edit mode and terminates
the active editing session.
24
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
System Configuration
Refresh Count and
Status
Refresh entire page including Event Counts and Event Script Status.
Reset Counts
Reset Event Counts only.
Read or Write Script Click the FTP Scripts button to login to the VBrick via FTP and
Files
manage script files. Requires a valid user name and password. Script
files have explicit, predefined names as explained above.
Event Enable
Allows the user to Enable/Disable Event Triggering for each input
event.
Event Stable Time
Allows the user to enter the amount of time in milliseconds that each
input event has to be stable at the active level before the script will
be executed.
Event Count
Displays the number of times each input event has occurred.
Event Script Status
Displays current status information for each event script.
Event Script Control The Run Script buttons lets you run each script without needing the
input event. Use this method to test the script.
Run Scripts Using Event Triggers
The event triggering feature lets you use an external switch or power source to control the
functions of the VBrick appliance. See "Event Triggering" in the VBrick Appliance Getting
Started Guide for more information.
Sample Script
The following script sets a multicast transmitter destination and enables the transmitter. The
extension .1.1 refers to the first program and the first transmitter.
SVAR vbrickProgramTransmitterInetAddr.1.1=239.22.118.1
SVAR vbrickProgramTransmitterEnable.1.1=2
SVAR vbrickProgramTransmitterApplySet.1.1=2
WAIT 1000
Scripting Syntax
•
•
•
•
•
Script commands must start in column 1.
svar (set variable) must precede the variable name.
Wait time is defined milliseconds. A value of 1000 = 1 second.
Most variable changes require an apply set.
There is no clear command.
VBrick H.264 Appliance Admin Guide
25
•
•
•
•
There is no chaining of scripts.
Comments are not allowed on the same line as a command.
All scripts are executed in a strictly serial manner by a single task.
While executing a script it is possible to miss a double change of any event.
Passthrough
The TCP/IP network can serve as an intermediary between two VBrick appliances and their
serial ports or between a PC application sending IP packets and an appliance's serial port.
This feature supports a wide range of serial applications. Contact VBrick support for details
and restrictions. End-to-end control is initiated by enabling or disabling Passthrough. For
more about passthrough, and how it can be used, see the H.264 Appliance Getting Started
Guide.
Passthrough State
26
Used to enable/disable Passthrough. You must be the Active Editor to
enter a Passthrough state. Three states are possible:
• Disabled – The VBrick will neither initiate nor respond to
Passthrough setup requests.
• Responder – In this case the VBrick will accept a connection
request (up to 64 connection requests).
• Initiator – In this case it will continuously attempt to automatically
initiate a Passthrough connection to the remote destination. This
mode also offers metadata destination options.
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
System Configuration
Passthrough State: Responder
Passthrough State
Responder – In this case the VBrick will accept a connection request
(up to 64 connection requests).
Baud Rate
Rate of Passthrough port. Rate can be set to the following (Default
= 9600): 110, 300, 600, 1200, 2400, 3600, 4800, 7200, 9600, 14400,
19200, 28800, 38400, 57600, 115200.
Stop Bits
Number of stop bits for Passthrough port (1 or 2).
Parity
None, Even, Odd.
RTS Control
Force OFF, Force ON or Automatic. If automatic, the control will be
on when Passthrough is active. Under no conditions are RTS or
DTR controls passed through end-to-end. All control handling is
local. When using a VBrick VCC-3 or VCC-4 camera, set this control
to Automatic; when using a VBrick VCC-50i camera, set this control
to Force ON.
DTR Control
Force OFF, Force ON or Automatic. If automatic, the control will be
ON when Passthrough is active. Under no conditions are RTS or
DTR controls passed through end-to-end. All control handling is
local. When using a VBrick VCC-3 or VCC-4 camera, set this control
to Automatic; when using a VBrick VCC-50i camera, set this control
to Force ON.
COM Interface Type Describes the COM interface connector.
• RS232 – standard RS-232 serial port connector.
• RS422/485 – RS-422/485 4-wire serial port connector.
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Operational State
Describes the current status of a Passthrough connection, including
error conditions, if any. Refer to the Monitor > Network page. This
will display "Active" if in Passthrough mode.
Passthrough State: Initiator
Passthrough State
Initiator – In this case it will continuously attempt to automatically
initiate a Passthrough connection to the remote destination. This
mode also offers metadata destination options.
Destination
Read-only: Dedicated.
Dedicated Destination The VBrick appliance (whose serial port is the destination of this
COM port) can be configured and identified using either an IP
address or a host name.
28
Dedicated Port
Default - 4439.
Baud Rate
Rate of Passthrough port. Rate can be set to the following (Default
= 9600): 110, 300, 600, 1200, 2400, 3600, 4800, 7200, 9600, 14400,
19200, 28800, 38400, 57600, 115200.
Stop Bits
Number of stop bits for Passthrough port (1 or 2).
Parity
None, Even, Odd.
RTS Control
Force OFF, Force ON or Automatic. If automatic, the control will
be on when Passthrough is active.
Note: DTR and RTS are not available for COM. Under no
conditions are RTS or DTR controls passed through end-to-end.
All control handling is local.
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
System Configuration
DTR Control
Force OFF, Force ON or Automatic. If automatic, the control will
be ON when Passthrough is active. See note above.
COM Interface Type
Describes the COM interface connector.
• RS232 – standard RS-232 serial port connector.
• RS422/485 – RS-422/485 4-wire serial port connector.
Operational State
Describes the current status of a Passthrough connection,
including error conditions, if any. Refer to the Monitor > Network
page. This will display "Active" if in Passthrough mode.
SNMPv3 Passwords
Use this page to manage SNMP passwords. The same fields are used to define passwords for
all users.
User Name
Read-only. Set user name on Usernames & Passwords page.
Authentication Password Enter password. Cannot exceed 20 characters. May include any
combination of alphanumeric characters but only the following
special characters: ~ ! # $ ^ * + & [ ] { } | < > See Table 2 for
defaults.
Authentication Protocol
Select protocol: HMAC-MD5 or HMAC-SHA.
Privacy Password
Required.
Security Level
No Authentication, No Privacy (Default).
Authentication. No Privacy.
Authentication and Privacy (CBC-DES)
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SNMP Traps
VBrick supports SNMP v2 and SNMP v3 traps. SNMP traps are a subset of the SNMP
management component of the VBrick. Use of any element of the SNMP management
system requires use of an SNMP browser or SNMP manager application (not supplied). The
SNMP MIB, which formally defines the SNMP interface to the VBrick, is contained within
the install directory of the VBrick release or from the Downloads page on the VBrick
website. The SNMP MIB is located in vbrickSystem.mib and the default installation
directory is:
Program Files\VBrick\VBrick 7000-8000-9000\download\ReleaseVx_x_xx
Traps are SNMP base messages used by SNMP elements to report changes in status or alarm
conditions to remote SNMP management entities. Traps are generally used to alert network
administrators of potential equipment problems or other noteworthy events. Two types of
information are conveyed in the trap mechanism: Events and Alarms. Events Traps are sent
every time the monitored event occurs. Events have only one state. Alarms are events having
two states, Active and Clear. When the alarm condition is first detected, an alarm active trap
is emitted. Alarms are considered active until the condition cleared and the alarm clear trap is
emitted.
30
Trap Destination (1–4)
The IP Addresses of SNMP management stations to which traps
are to be sent. The SNMP management application should be
active on these stations in order to receive a number of SNMP
Traps, which are supported by the VBrick. Enterprise-specific
traps listed in order of trap identification number are shown in
Table 3.
SNMP Trap Version
Select Version 2 or Version 3.
Trap User Name
User defined string
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
System Configuration
Authentication Password Enter password. Cannot exceed 20 characters. May include any
combination of alphanumeric characters but only the following
special characters: ~ ! # $ ^ * + & [ ] { } | < >
Authentication Protocol Select protocol: MD5 or SHA to validate the transaction
between a given host and client
Privacy Password
Required. Hides traffic using DES encryption.
Security Level
No Authentication, No Privacy (default).
No Privacy.
Authentication and Privacy.
Table 3. Trap Summary
Trap
Description
1
vbrickRemoteLog
Sent whenever a significant event occurs within
the VBrick. Each event provides details via the
vbrickSysRemoteEventLogType, and
vbrickSysRemoteEventLogText objects
2
vbrickSysTrapStartUpRunMode
Means the VBrick has started up in Run mode.
3
vbrickSysTrapStartUpDiagnosticsMode
The VBrick has started in Diagnostics mode.
4
vbrickSysTrapStartUpLimitedRunMode
Means VBrick has started in Limited Run mode.
5
vbrickSysTrapUserInitiatedReset
Means the VBrick has received a reset request
from an administrator.
6
vbrickSysTrapTemperatureOutOfRangeActive
Means the VBrick temperature is out of range.
7
vbrickSysTrapTemperatureOutOfRangeCleared
Means the out of range VBrick temperature is
recovered.
8
vbrickSysTrapUnitOverloadedActive
Means the VBrick is configured to transmit and
receive video streams beyond its capability.
9
vbrickSysTrapUnitOverloadedCleared
The overloaded VBrick is recovered to normal.
10
vbrickSysTrapPostFailure
Means that Power On Self Test (POST) failed.
11
vbrickSysTrapNetworkTimeProtocolServerDown
Means there is loss of connection to the
Network Time Protocol servers.
12
vbrickSysTrapNetworkTimeProtocolServerUp
Means there is a connection available now to the
Network Time Protocol servers.
13
vbrickSysTrapVideo1InputAlarmActive
Means that input #1 has a loss of video.
14
vbrickSysTrapVideo1InputAlarmClear
Means the loss of video on input #1 is
recovered.
15
vbrickSysTrapFanFailureActive
Means the fan failed.
16
vbrickSysTrapFanFailureCleared
Means the fan failure is recovered.
17
vbrickSysTrapAudio1InputAlarmActive
Means input #1 has a loss of digital audio.
18
vbrickSysTrapAudio1InputAlarmClear
Means the loss of digital audio on input #1 is
recovered.
VBrick H.264 Appliance Admin Guide
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32
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
Chapter 3
Video/Audio Configuration
Topics in this section
Video . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Audio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Notes • In this release you can define one video source and one audio source. The audio
source can be one (or both) audio jacks or digital (with HDMI or SDI video input).
There is also one program consisting of the audio source and/or the video source.
• The options available for some parameters (e.g. Video Format and Resolution) will
change with HD inputs. HD inputs include Component, HDMI, and SDI.
Video
Figure 5. Enterprise Encoder with SD and HD Connectors
VBrick H.264 Appliance Admin Guide
33
Note This release is "HD-Ready." This means it accepts HD video inputs but scales the
output to standard definition resolutions (720x480 or 720x576) or less.
How is Video
connected?
Figure 5 shows the video input connectors on the rear panel. Select
the option that matches your video input. If you have a Standard
Definition input connector, use S-Video if possible. S-Video generally
produces higher-quality input and correspondingly better compressed
output than Composite.
Standard Definition Inputs
• SVID – one connector (S-VID) with four pins.
• Composite – one pin connector (COMP IN) for video.
High Definition Inputs
• Component – three cables (Y, Pb, Pr) with BNC connectors.
• HDMI – High Definition Multimedia Interface that transmits
uncompressed digital data. The appliance autodetects and
supports both YUV (commonly used by cameras or video players)
and RGB (commonly used by computers) over HDMI.
• SDI – BNC input connector for:
• SD-SDI – Standard Definition Serial Digital Interface is
typically used for broadcast-grade video. Meets SMPTE 259M.
• HD-SDI – High Definition SDI at bit rates of 1.485 Gbits/sec
provides broadcast-grade video with greater fidelity and higher
resolution options. Meets SMPTE 292M.
• HD/3G-SDI – High Definition SDI to process 1080p at bit
rates of 2.97 Gbits/sec. Meets SMPTE 424M.
Video Format
The options for Video Format vary depending on how the input video
is connected (see above).
• SVID – NTSC (North America, Japan), PAL (Europe, Asia,
Australia)
• Composite – NTSC, PAL
• Component – 480i, 480p, 576i, 576p, 720p/50/60, 1080i/50/60
• HDMI – 480i, 480p, 576i, 576p, 720p/50/60, 1080i/50/60
• SD-SDI – 480i, 576i
• 3G-SDI – 720p/50/60, 1080i/50/60, 1080p/50/60
Video Aspect Ratio Video Aspect Ratio is the ratio of the width of the image to the height
of the image. Standard TV images generally use an aspect ratio of 4:3.
Set this value to match the video input source, either 4:3 or 16:9.
34
Detected Video
Format
Detected format: NTSC or PAL.
Detected Video
Format
SDI or HDMI only. Indicates what is actually connected. This is
useful for determining configuration mismatches.
Adaptive Contrast
Enhancer
Default = Disabled. Expands dark regions without over-enhancing or
clipping brighter regions. Set to Low, Med, or High.
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
Video/Audio Configuration
Contrast Boost
Enhancer
Default = Disabled. Supplements existing Contrast setting. Check to
enable.
Edge Enhancer
Default = Disabled. Sharpens edges in active video region for both
Luma and Chroma. Set to Low, Med, or High.
Horizontal
Frequency Boost
Default = Disabled. Amplifies the appropriate video frequency band.
• Med – amplifies the middle frequency band of the displayed video.
• High – amplifies the highest frequencies of the displayed video.
• Med & High – amplifies the highest and middle frequencies of the
displayed video.
Brightness
0–100. Default = 50. Brightness is information about the varying light
intensity of an image which is best described as brightness.
Contrast
0–100. Default = 50. The contrast is the range of light-to-dark values
of an image that are proportional to the voltage differences between
the black and white levels of the signal.
Saturation
0–127. Default = 64. Saturation is the spectral intensity of a color. It
operates on the PbPr chroma components of the color space by
increasing or decreasing both components by the same percentage.
Tint
-50–50 degrees. Default = 0. The tint is the attribute by which a color
may be identified within the visible spectrum. Tint refers to the
spectral colors of red, orange, yellow, green blue and violet. Note:
Adding Tint reduces the saturation.
Blackout Bottom
(Top, Left, Right)
0–10. Default = 0. Some files include additional information that
results in undesirable artifacts on some sides of the video frame. This
option blacks out an area around the player window—not a specific
number of lines. (Top, Left, and Right are only available with HD
inputs.) Be sure to test your results when using this option.
Video Template Settings
The lower area of the Video page has a set of parameters that can be controlled by preconfigured templates. Use the Load Template button to populate the Video Template Settings
with pre-configured video values (or select None ). The video settings vary depending on the
selected Video Format and Video Aspect Ratio. Choose a template based on motion and
bandwidth. 750k High Motion is the default template. All video encoder parameters defaults will
match these values.
Table 4. Video Template Settings †
Template
Best
Quality
4M Very High 1.5M High 750k High 500k Low 128k High 128k Low Security &
Quality
Quality
Motion †† Motion
Motion
Motion
Surveillance
Bit Rate
8M
4M
1.5M
Resolution
1080/720 16:9
750k
500k
128k
128k
300k
Resolution
1280x720 960x544
960x544
656x368
656x368
256x144
256x144
656x368
NTSC/480 16:9 656x368
656x368
656x368
656x368
656x368
256x144
256x144
656x368
PAL/576 16:9
656x368
656x368
656x368
656x368
656x368
256x144
256x144
656x368
NTSC/480 4:3
640x480
640x480
640x480
400x304
640x480
320x240
400x304
640x480
PAL/576 4:3
640x480
640x480
640x480
400x304
640x480
320x240
400x304
640x480
VBrick H.264 Appliance Admin Guide
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Frame Rate
Frame Rate
NTSC inputs
(30 or 60fps)
30
30
30
30
15
15
10
1
PAL inputs
(25 or 50fps)
25
25
25
25
10
10
5
1
IDR
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
0
Profile
Baseline
Baseline
Main
Main
Main
Main
Main
Main
De-blocking
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
Rate Control
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
15
† In general, start in left column and read from left to right.
†† Default template.
36
Template
This read-only field shows the template (if any) that is currently
applied using the Load Template button. If a template is applied it will
display Parameters Match or Parameters Do Not Match (depending on
whether or not changes have been made). Select Load Template >
None to clear a "parameters do not match" message.
Profile
Each profile targets a specific class of applications. The profile you
select must be supported by the decoder. For example, StreamPlayer
and QuickTime support both profiles.
• Baseline – Typically used for applications with limited computing
resources, for example video conferencing and mobile
applications. Maximum backwards compatibility and lower CPU
requirements for decoder.
• Main – Default. Originally intended for broadcast and storage
applications providing better quality and more efficient
bandwidth usage.
Resolution
Sets the video encoding resolution (the width and height respectively
of the video on a PC screen. See Table 5 below for all resolutions.
Target Bit Rate
(bits/sec)
32,000–10,000,000 bits/sec. Constant bit rate. Default = 750,000.
This number, in 1000 bits/sec increments, represents how much data
the VBrick will send out each second to carry video to a player. The
word target is used because the appliance can vary its bit rate slightly
in response to the amount of detail in the movie or camera output.
The more data the appliance sends in one second, the more clearly
the details of the video will be seen on a player. It is not always
desirable to send the most possible data, since that requires a large
network "pipe" (connection). The trade-off is the level of detail in the
video with the use of smaller network connections. The encoder tries
to encode the video at a quality that will (on average) match the
Target Bit Rate. The larger the number, the better the quality but this can
potentially limit the number of clients that can connect to the encoder.
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
Video/Audio Configuration
Target Frame Rate
(frames/sec)
• NTSC: 30, 15, 10, 7.5, 6, 5, 3, 2, 1, 0.5. Default = 30.
• PAL: 25, 12.5, 5, 2.5, 1, 0.5. Default = 25.
This number represents how many frames the VBrick will send out
each second to carry the video to an H.264 player. The word target is
used because the VBrick can vary its frame rate slightly in response to
the amount of motion in the movie or camera output. See the Rate
Control Setting parameter below for more details.
Frame rate is the number of "frames" the VBrick sends in a second
for an H.264 player to display. Moving pictures are made up of a
rapid series of "still" pictures that move so fast that the "illusion" of
motion is produced. A frame is one such "still" picture. Regular TV
programs in the U.S. run at about 30 frames in a second; and the
more frames presented in a second; the smoother the motion
contained within the video will appear. Encoding and transmitting a
frame requires the use of data, so that, when considering a particular
bit rate, sending more frames demands that each frame contain fewer
fine details.
IDR Frame Interval 0–30. Default = 4. The frequency in seconds at which IDR (Intra
(sec)
Dynamic Refresh) frames are inserted for Seek, Fast Forward and
Rewind functionality. Higher values create fewer random access
points and better compression efficiency. Lower values create more
access points but with less compression efficiency. Zero means all
frames are IDR frames.
Rate Control Setting Default = 60. The size (in number of frames) of the video encoder
buffer. This parameter allows lets you trade-off video quality with
(frames)
how tightly rate control is imposed. A larger number increases the
number of frames over which the target number of bits can be
distributed. This means that the average bit rate, measured over small
periods of time, can fluctuate more around the specified target bit
rate. The quality of the video however will be adjusted more
gradually, providing a smoother transition. A smaller number will
reduce the fluctuations around the target bit rate but will also lead to
faster changes in video quality (which can be visually undesirable). In
bandwidth-restricted networks with little tolerance for bit rate fluctuations, a
smaller value is recommended; otherwise, use a larger value.
In-loop DeBlocking Reduces blocking artifacts but may introduce a mild but undesirable
Filter
blurriness into the stream. Default = Enabled.
Table 5. Video Encoding Resolutions
NTSC (16:9) NTSC (4:3) PAL (16:9) PAL (4:3) 480i (16:9) 480i (4:3) 576 (16:9) 576 (4:3) 720/1080 (16:9)
720x480
720x480
720x576
720x576
720x480
720x480 720x576
720x576 1280x720
656x368
640x480
656x368
640x480
656x368
640x480 656x368
640x480 960x544
352x240
400x304
512x288
400x304
256x144
400x304 512x288
400x304 720x576
256x144
352x240
352x288
384x288
320x240 256x144
384x288 720x480
176x128
320x240
256x144
352x288
192x144
320x240 656x368
192x144
320x240
128x96
192x144 512x288
VBrick H.264 Appliance Admin Guide
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176x128
192x144
128x96
256x144
128x96
176x144
128x96
Audio
The audio circuit on the H.264 encoder uses mixed signal technology (a combination of
analog and digital signals). The encoder has two audio input connectors labeled Main and
Aux . The input signals can be either balanced or unbalanced and each has a usable voltage
range up to 10 dbU. Various channel configurations and bit rates can be set on the Audio/
Video Configuration > Audio page. The encoder provides controls for mic level vs. line level
balanced mode support, input gain/attenuation, automatic level controls, and other advanced
audio features. The encoder supports three types of electret microphones:
•
•
•
Electret Condenser, battery operated or plug-in power (SoundBlaster style)
Dynamic type balanced or unbalanced
Externally-powered phantom types and otherwise amplified types such as wireless.
The microphone input is automatically boosted by a pre amplifier. The pre-amplifier
provides a selectable 16 or 32 db of gain (boost). Various configuration parameters control
how the input signals are conditioned as well as how the resultant audio is compressed. The
audio input signal parameters define how audio is connected, what the signal ranges are, the
style of electrical interfaces, and the number of channels connected to the device. Audio
encoder parameters define how the audio will be compressed and are used to control the bit
rate. The bit rate directly affects the audio quality levels and determines the range of audio
content that can be handled.
38
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
Video/Audio Configuration
Note In this release of the H.264 appliance there is one video source and one audio source.
The audio source can be one of the audio jacks or both jacks. Also note that there is
one program consisting of the audio source and/or the video source.
How is Audio
Connected?
The audio is connected using the input jacks (Main , Aux , SDI , HDMI ) on
the rear of the unit. Select one of the following depending on the
electrical cable configuration of the input.
• Unbalanced – typically used with consumer devices, e.g. VCRs.
• Balanced – typically used with professional audio equipment.
• Unbalanced on Separate Jacks – typically used with consumer
devices that support two-jack stereo. In this mode, connect the
right stereo channel to the Aux connector.
• Digital L+R (1–4) – Use any pair of left and right channels with
HDMI or SDI video input. For best results use Digital L+R 1.
When using digital audio, the Advanced Settings (Gain/
Attenuation, Input Range, Automatic Volume Control, and Noise
Gate) are not displayed.
VBrick H.264 Appliance Admin Guide
39
What is the Audio
Source
The audio output mode can be configured to 1 of 3 possible settings:
• Stereo – Stereo directs the input left channel to the left channel in
the audio stream and the input right channel to the right channel in
the audio stream. In this mode, the encoder expects that the two
channels are not totally discrete and have audio components that are
common to both the left and right channels. In Stereo mode, the
encoder can compress the audio more efficiently and achieve higher
performance with lower bitrates. Always select Stereo for DVD/
VCR reproduction.
• Mono (left to stereo) – Mono directs the left input channel to both
the left and right channels.
• Dual – Each channel is compressed independently. Two totally
separated channels are compressed and decompressed. Dual is ideal
for voice applications where the microphone input from two
channels is separated to avoid crosstalk.
Note: There is performance benefit in bitrate efficiency when
operating in Stereo rather than Dual mode. However if the original
audio source has separate channels, you must use Dual.
40
Mute
Mutes the audio signal (but does not stop audio encoding). Silent audio
will be encoded and streamed.
Gain/Attenuation
This setting controls the audio attenuation (or gain) applied to the
input signal of the encoder. Input levels can be gain-compensated to
adjust for mismatched input levels. Range: -96 to 10 dB in 1 dB
increments. Default = 0 dB.
Input Range
This setting controls the amplitude (voltage range) of the input signal.
• Line Normal – Default. Use if the signal excursion will be above
0 dB.
• Line High Headroom – Use if the signal excursion will be at or
below 0 dB.
• Mic Boost 16 dB – Low preamplifier. Sets microphone preamplifier
to 16 dB. If not loud enough after performing a sound check, set to
32 dB and check for distortion.
• Mic Boost 32 dB – High preamplifier. Sets microphone
preamplifier to 32 dB. If distorted after performing a sound check,
set to 16 dB and check sound quality.
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
Video/Audio Configuration
Automatic Volume The volume is continually monitored and automatically adjusted to
Control
normalize audio levels as follows. Default = Standard.
• Standard – Default. Use for general content which may already be
companded (compressed and expanded).
• Light – Peak limiting. Best dynamic range.
• Moderate – Peak limiting with expansion. Reduced dynamic range.
• Aggressive – strong normalization, low dynamic range, most
noticeable.
• User-Defined – Advanced users only. User Defined values employ
two thresholds (high level limit and low level boost) which define
db threshold levels to which volume changes are applied. The low
level boost threshold defines the threshold whereby lower signals
lower will be amplified by gain. The gain is applied gradually until
the audio level is higher than the configured threshold. The high
level limit threshold defines the threshold whereby signals higher
than this value will be attenuated until the audio level is reduced to
a lower value than the threshold.
Minimum Level – the minimum (boosted) audio level you wish to
achieve after reaching the threshold.
Noise Gate
Used to suppress unwanted audio noises that are continuous and
predictable (for example air conditioning equipment or traffic sounds).
A a noise gate allows a signal to pass through only when it is above a
certain threshold. If the signal falls below the threshold no signal is
allowed to pass.
Note: The noise gate is particularly useful in AVC (automatic volume
control) configurations to keep ambient, low-level noise from
propagating with gain (i.e. being amplified).
Noise Gate Level
Displayed only if Noise Gate is enabled. Range: -34 to -82 dB.
Audio Template Settings
The lower area of the Audio page has a set of parameters that can be controlled by preconfigured templates. Use the Load Template button to populate the Audio Template Settings
with pre-configured audio values. The audio templates vary depending on the selected Audio
Source (Stereo, Mono, or Dual). Med Fidelity is the default template. All audio encoder
parameters defaults will match these values.
Table 6. Audio Template Settings
Name
Stereo as Mono? AAC-HE Sample Freq
Bit Rate †
Stereo/Dual Mono
Best Fidelity
Off
48k
256k
84k
High Fidelity
Off
48k
160k
84k
48k
64k
32k
32k
72k
40k
32k
40k
24k
High Fidelity – AAC-HE Off
Med Fidelity ††
Off
Med Fidelity - AAC-HE
Off
VBrick H.264 Appliance Admin Guide
Enable
Enable
41
Name
Stereo as Mono? AAC-HE Sample Freq
Bit Rate †
High Quality Voice
Off
24k
56k
28k
Standard Voice
Off
16k
32k
18k
† Based on Audio Source.
†† Default template.
Template
This read-only field shows the template (if any) that is currently
applied. If a template is applied, it will display Parameters Match or
Parameters Do Not Match (depending on whether or not changes
have been applied).
Encode Stereo Inputs If two physical connectors are defined as being used for stereo,
as Mono
there will be one configuration for the stereo pair, that is the two
physical connectors represent a single audio source.
42
AAC-HE
AAC-HE is a highly-efficient audio compression technology that
uses spectral bandwidth replication (SBR). AAC-HE is optimized
for better quality at lower bit rates.
L+R Bit Rate (bits/
sec)
Defines the audio encoding bit rate of the audio stream. In general,
higher bit rates provide better audio quality. The range of selectable
values for this parameter is determined by (1) the Audio Source
(Stereo or Mono), (2) the AAC-HE setting (enabled/disabled), and
(3) the Encode Stereo Inputs as Mono setting (enabled/disabled).
Sample Frequency
Defines the frequency (or sampling rate) at which the audio is
sampled at the encoder. In general, higher sampling frequencies
provide better audio quality. Lower sampling frequencies however,
use less CPU resources, support lower bit rates, and provide
increased compression efficiency. The range of selectable values for
this parameter is determined by the L+R Bit rate setting. With
Digital Audio, 48k is the only sample frequency allowed. ‘
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
Chapter 4
Program Configuration
A program is a way to group a video and/or audio source that is encoded and streamed over
the network. A program represents a video and/or associated audio source. This software release
supports one program. As explained on the following pages, the appliance supports two
types of program transmission: transmitter mode and server mode.
Transmitter Mode In this mode a transmitter pushes the stream to multiple destinations. It
is a constant push and there is no client "request" for the stream.
Server Mode
In this mode, a served program does not become active on the network
until requested by a decoder client like StreamPlayer or QuickTime.
Topics in this section
Global . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Transmitters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Servers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Global
The Global page is used to configure global parameters which apply to all programs. These
settings are usually determined by the network configuration.
VBrick H.264 Appliance Admin Guide
43
Number of Programs
Available
Read-only. This release supports one program.
Maximum RTSP Clients
0–202. Default = 200.
Maximum RTSP Bandwidth
0–1000000000. Default = 20000000.
Announce IP Address for
Transmitters
Default IP address to which transmitter announcements are
sent. This global announcement IP address is inherited by all
other transmitters. Default = 224.2.127.254.
Announce IP Address for
Servers
Default IP address to which server announcements are sent.
This global announcement IP address is inherited by all
other servers. Default = 255.255.255.255.
Announce Port
Default = 9875
Announce Transmit Interval 1–9999. Default = 10. Determines how often the
announcement is transmitted.
Announce IP Multicast TTL 1–255. Default = 64
Announce IP Unicast TTL
1–255. Default = 64.
Announce IP TOS
Type of Service settings control the level of priority a service
or source receives while traveling through a network. VBrick
supports setting the IP TOS (Type of Service) in accordance
with RFC-791, RFC-1112 and RFC-2474 (Differentiated
Services Field in the IPv4 Header). You can set the Type of
Service field in the IP header to any value, decimal 0 to 255.
See Table 7 below. Default = 0.
Table 7. TOS Settings
44
Priority Level
Type of Service
111
Network Control
110
Internetwork Control
101
CRITIC/ECP
100
Flash override
011
Flash
010
Immediate
001
Priority
000
Routine
Bit 3
0 = Normal delay
1 = Low delay
Bit 4
0 = Normal throughput
1 = High throughput
Bit 5
0 = Normal reliability
1 = High reliability
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
Program Configuration
Bits 6–7
Reserved for future use.
Example
To set the Type of Service to all 0s enter 0. To set the Type of Service to all 1's, enter 255. IP
Differentiated Services redefine how the historical TOS field is used. Diffserv allows IP
networks to provide certain Quality of Service features. Note: If uncertain as to whether the
network supports TOS or Diffserv, VBrick recommends setting the TOS to the default value
of 0.
Programs
As noted, this initial release supports one program. This page is used to define common,
shared parameters for all transmitters and servers in a program.
Figure 6. Programs: Part 1 – Standard Settings
Number of Programs
Available
Read-only. This release supports one program.
Program Enable
Select to enable/disable selected program. All transmitter and
server streams in a program can be disabled as a group. Default =
Enabled.
Video Source
Read-only. Set on Video/Audio Configuration > Video page.
Audio Source
Read-only. Set on Video/Audio Configuration > Audio page.
VBrick H.264 Appliance Admin Guide
45
Program Name
Lets you define a descriptive name for the program which is
added to the announcement. This announcement text is displayed
in the Program Guide for other VBrick products. Default = \H
Program x . Both Program Name and Session Information allow
special character strings to be inserted automatically into these
fields.
\H or \h – Host Name of VBrick appliance. When the default
entry is used, the program is identified by the default VBrick
Host Name.
Number of Transmitters 0 – 25. Default = 1.
Number of Servers
0 – 3. Default = 1.
Max RTP Packet Size
248 – 8000. Default = 1452. For high bit rate and CPU-intensive
configurations, use the default packet size. Note: When streaming
to Quicktime players, a Max RTP Packet Size less than 1000 may
cause audio dropouts. For optimum performance when using an
AmiNET130 Transport Stream, Max RTP Packet Size should not
exceed 1480.
Shutdown on Video
Input Problem
If enabled, this parameter stops streaming when a video input
problem is detected. Default = Disabled.
The Advanced Settings are used to define common session announcement information for
all streams (destinations) associated with a program.
Figure 7. Programs: Part 2 – Advanced Settings
46
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
Program Configuration
Author
A string in the announcement that can be used to identify the author.
This string is shown in StreamPlayer. Default = "My Author."
Copyright
A string in the announcement that can be used to identify the
copyright information. This string is shown in StreamPlayer. Default
= "My Copyright."
Category
An encoder can have an announce Category string. This string
consists of one or more keywords separated by spaces. Each category
keyword represents a tag associated with the encoder's video stream.
VBrick EtherneTV and players can be configured to display in their
Program and Conferencing guides only video streams tagged by
specific category keywords or those containing no keyword. The
characters are ASCII and case sensitive. The maximum number of
characters for all keywords in the string cannot exceed 36 including
spaces.
You can also use this field to filter the live streams shown in the ETV
Portal Server by source and client IP address by using the following
string: IPMask=xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx where xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx represents a
bit mask. (This string is simply another keyword you can use in
addition to those described above.) The Portal Server will parse the
bitmask and send the live stream only to clients with a masked IP
address that matches the masked IP address of the source VBrick. For
example, a stream with a category IPMask=255.255.0.0 from a VBrick
with an address of 172.22.6.67 will be available to a client with an IP
address 172.22.3.4 but not to a client with an IP Address 172.16.3.4 .
There is no admin interface to this feature on the Portal Server; you
can use this filtering in addition to the standard authorization features
provided by the Portal Server.
Information
String identifying VBrick announce Session Information that appears
on Program Guide. Default = VBrick Streaming Video.
Information URL
Sets the URL advertised in announce URI field. It should be a pointer
to additional information about the session. Maximum 64 characters.
Contact Email
Sets the e-mail address advertised in announce e-mail field. It should
be the e-mail address of the person responsible for the session.
Maximum 50 characters.
Contact Phone
Sets the phone number advertised in announce phone number field. It
should be the contact number of the person responsible for the
session. Maximum 20 characters.
Contact Name
Sets the contact name in announce contact name field. It should be
the contact name of the person responsible for the session. Maximum
20 characters.
Transmitter Settings
The transmitter settings defined here are used for all streams associated with a program.
Multicast Time to Live (TTL) The number of hops (between routers) for which an
announcement is valid on the network.
VBrick H.264 Appliance Admin Guide
47
Unicast Time to Live (TTL)
The number of hops (between routers) for which an
announcement is valid on the network.
Multicast Type of Service
(TOS)
The TOS (Type of Service) can be configured in the IP
header to establish packet priority in the network.
Unicast Type of
Service (TOS)
The TOS (Type of Service) can be configured in the IP
header to establish packet priority in the network.
Join Own Multicast
Some network equipment requires that a Multicast source
(such as a VBrick encoder) join its own Multicast group.
This feature is enabled by default and has no adverse affect
on equipment that is fully Multicast-compliant.
Unicast Ping
This parameter is used to instruct the VBrick to ping the
unicast destination periodically to test connectivity before
sending the stream. If Unicast Ping is not enabled, and the
destination goes offline, the unicast stream may be
broadcast to all destinations on the network, flooding the
network. Default = Enabled. This feature should only be
disabled if the network has a particular requirement that
makes it unworkable.
Transport Stream Mode
Used by the appliance to control the flow of transport
stream data.
• Variable Medium Delay – Default. The stream flow is
smoother but with more delay. Generally recommended
for WAN applications.
• Variable Low Delay – The stream delay is minimized but
the flow can be bursty. Generally recommended for
LAN applications.
Transport Stream Estimated
Bit Rate
Read-only. The estimated bit rate for the selected Transport
Stream Mode.
Server Settings
The server settings defined here are used for all streams associated with a program.
RTCP Client Timeout This is the number of seconds that the VBrick will wait before it
decides that an H.264 player that was playing its video or audio is
no longer viewing or listening. Zero means wait forever—no
timeout. 0–99999. Default = 60.
Time To Live (TTL)
The number of hops (between routers) for which an IP packet is
valid on the network.
Type of Service (TOS) The TOS (Type of Service) can be configured in the IP header to
establish packet priority in the network. See Table 7 TOS Settings.
Transmitters
A transmitter pushes the stream to a configured destination. The destination may be a single
endpoint in the case of a unicast, or multiple endpoints in the case of multicast. The
transmitter does not directly depend on a client to initiate the streaming but is always
48
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
Program Configuration
transmitting (in the case of multicast) and transmits if the client is reachable and listening (in
the case of unicast). The streams are transmitted across the network via the RTP protocol
encapsulated in UDP. You can configure up to 25 transmitters per program. Each transmitter
can be configured for video and/or audio and the video and audio have
separately-configurable destination ports. An "announce" can also be enabled for each
transmitter.
Note • In a unicast environment, individual copies of the stream are sent from the source
to each configured destination. In multicast, the stream is sent from the source
only once and a network router will transmit the stream to multiple destinations.
• To avoid unnecessary network traffic, the transmitter will not send if the network
socket fails to connect (has ICMP errors). In addition, Unicast destinations have a
configurable Unicast ping option. See the Unicast Ping parameter on Program
Configuration > Programs page.
SDP and Announcements
Decoders require knowledge of the stream from an .sdp file before it can be decoded. Each
SDP description contains critical stream information such as profile, bit rate, addressing,
transmission methods, and content. The decoder (for example StreamPlayer or QuickTime)
will examine this file for all necessary configuration information relating to the stream. Upon
power-up and service interruption, the decoder will re-establish stream decoding by relating
back to information contained in the SDP file. SDP information may be requested via an
RTSP request made from the client to the server whereby the server responds with the same
information as contained in an SDP file. The SDP file may also be retrieved via an HTTP
server residing either on the VBrick or on an external HTTP server. The URL address for the
SDP file is based on the program and transmitter number, for example: http://
AAA.BBB.CCC.DDD/vbStreamXdY.sdp where: X is the program number, Y is the transmitter
number and AAA.BBB.CCC.DDD is appliance IP address.
For multicast applications, where the VBrick is operating in Transmitter Mode, the SDP
information is periodically broadcast to a pre-defined address via multicast announcements.
For unicast announcements, a server can be configured to embed an RTSP URL within an
announce message so a remote decoder can easily gain access to SDP information and
subsequently initiate a Unicast RTP session. In some cases an H.264 stream may be sent to a
third-party reflecting server which is not capable of emitting its own SDP announcements.
Transmitters and servers can be configured to provide announcements advertising the URL
of the reflected stream and/or required SDP information.
VBrick H.264 Appliance Admin Guide
49
Figure 8. Transmitters: Part 1 – Standard Settings
SDP File URL
Click to play (open) or save the .sdp file. The .sdp file is
retrieved via the HTTP server on the appliance. Paste
this URL into a browser to launch the stream "out-ofband" using the .sdp file.
The URL address for the .sdp file is based on the
program and transmitter number, for example: http://
AAA.BBB.CCC.DDD/vbStreamXdY.sdp where: X is the
program number, Y is the transmitter number and
AAA.BBB.CCC.DDD is appliance IP address.
Choose Transmitter to Configure Select from dropdown list. The number of transmitters
is configured on the Program Configuration > Programs
page.
50
Enable Transmitter
Use to individually disable a transmitter. Default =
Disabled. The transmitter must be enabled for streaming
to occur.
Transmitter Name
Enter an optional user-friendly name that describes the
transmitter.
Select Video Rate
Select from dropdown list: Video Rate1 or None.
Select Audio Rate
Select from dropdown list: Audio Rate 1 or None.
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
Program Configuration
Destination
Select IP Address or Host Name from the dropdown.
The actual IP address determines whether the stream
will be multicast (e.g. 239.22.118.72) or unicast (e.g.
127.22.118.72). Default = 127.0.0.1 (loopback).
If using a Host Name, you must configure a Domain
Name Server on the System Configuration > Network
page.
Transport Type
• RTP – Default. Realtime transport protocol provides
end-to-end network transport functions suitable for
video.
• Transport Stream – Multiplexes the digital video and
audio into one bit stream.
Destination Video Port
Destination video port for this transmitter. Note that
viewing a unicast and multicast stream (configured on
different transmitters) on the same PC or the same
decoder may not work if the transmitter ports are the
same.
Destination Audio Port
Destination audio port for this transmitter.
Estimated Bit Rate
Read-only. This is an estimate. The actual bit rate will
vary based on the content.
RTCP Transmit
Enable allows RTCP sender reports to be sent from the
VBrick appliance. Default = Enable.
RTCP Transmit Interval
If RTCP Transmit is enabled, this setting tells the
appliance how often (in seconds) to send the reports.
Default = 10 seconds.
Announce Settings
This section contains parameters that are used to modify announcements from the appliance.
Announcements are advertisement packets that are transmitted by VBrick appliances to other
VBrick appliances and VBrick applications such as the EtherneTV Portal Server and
StreamPlayer. They are used to identify streams present in the network.
VBrick H.264 Appliance Admin Guide
51
Figure 9. Transmitters: Part 2 – Advanced Settings
Announce
This section is used to announce the RTSP streams to
the local network allowing viewable RTSP
announcements in programs like StreamPlayer. The
unit must be on the same segment of the network or
the router must be configured to retransmit broadcast
packets for the announcements to be accessible using
the IP address 255.255.255.255.
Use Global Announce IP and Port
Use Announce IP Address for Transmitters and
Announce Port defined on Program Configuration >
Global page. If checked, the Destination and Port
fields are greyed out.
Send to Unicast Destination
If enabled and the destination is unicast, the unicast
IP address is used for the announcement and the
Destination field is greyed out. Default = Disabled.
Destination IP Address
The destination IP Address or Host Name the
announcement is sent to. By default, the
announcement is sent to the multicast network. If
using an EtherneTV Portal Server, enter the Portal Server
IP address.
Port
The destination port the announcement is sent to.
External Announce Settings
These settings configure an external announcement that can be used when the stream is
reflected to a third-party server or a (future) VBrick reflector.
52
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
Program Configuration
External Announce
This section is used to announce RTSP streams to a
network device outside of the broadcast domain.
Use Global Announce IP and Port
Use Announce IP Address for Transmitters and
Announce Port defined on Program Configuration >
Global page. If checked, the Destination and Port
fields are greyed out.
Destination IP Address
The destination IP Address or Host Name the
announcement is sent to. If using an EtherneTV
Portal Server, enter the Portal Server IP address. If
using a reflector, enter the reflector server IP address.
Port
The destination port the announcement is sent to.
URL
The URL of the reflector (i.e the source of the
reflected stream). This URL is embedded in the
announcement.
Servers
The H.264 appliance is also a streaming server and can be controlled by a remote decoder
client via RTSP and RTCP protocols. In server mode, a served program does not become active on
the network until requested by a client. The client may be a software player like StreamPlayer or
QuickTime on a PC or a Macintosh. The user requests a stream from the encoder by
directing the decoder client to issue an RTSP request to the URL of the VBrick H.264
encoder. The client and the VBrick then go through a sequence of RTSP messages to direct
the H.264 encoder to send the program to that client. A server can be configured to include
unicast video or audio or video and audio and you can configure up to three servers per
program. The server also accepts RTSP interleaved and HTTP tunneled requests from a
client.
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Click Here to Play Stream
Edit Mode/Read-only. Shown in Edit mode only if the server
is enabled. Click once to launch the stream in the QuickTime
plugin (using the SDP file). This link will work only with
QuickTime 7.0 or higher. If QuickTime is not installed, you will
be prompted to download the application from Apple.
Choose Server to Configure Select from dropdown list. The number of servers is
configured on the Program Configuration > Programs page.
54
Enable Server
Check to enable the server. Default = enabled. The server
must be enabled for streaming to occur
Server Name
User-defined name for this server.
Select Video Rate
Select video rate (defined on Audio/Video Configuration >
Video page) from dropdown list.
Select Audio Rate
Select audio rate (defined on Audio/Video Configuration >
Audio page) from dropdown list.
Estimated Bit Rate
Read-only. This is an estimate. The actual bit rate will vary
based on the content.
Resource Name
Defines the server URL. Default = vbStreamXSY where X is
the program number and Y is the server number.
Stream URL
Read-only. Use this URL in QuickTime or VLC to view the
stream via RTSP.
RTCP Transmit
Enable allows RTCP sender reports to be sent from the
VBrick appliance. Default = Enable.
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
Program Configuration
RTCP Transmit Interval
If RTCP Transmit is enabled, this setting tells the appliance
how often (in seconds) to send the reports. Default = 10
seconds.
Announce Settings
This section contains parameters that are used to modify announcements from the appliance.
Announcements are advertisement packets that are transmitted by VBrick appliances to other
VBrick appliances and VBrick applications such as the EtherneTV Portal Server and
StreamPlayer. They are used to identify streams present in the network.
Announce
This section is used to announce the RTSP streams to the local
network allowing viewable RTSP announcements in programs
like StreamPlayer. The unit must be on the same segment of the
network or the router must be configured to retransmit
broadcast packets for the announcements to be accessible using
the IP address 255.255.255.255.
Use Global Announce IP Use Announce IP Address for Servers and Announce Port
and Port
defined on Program Configuration > Global page. If checked,
the Destination and Port fields are greyed out.
Destination IP Address
The destination IP address the announcement is sent to. By
default, the announcement is sent to the multicast network. If
using an EtherneTV Portal Server, enter the Portal Server IP
address.
Port
The destination port the announcement is sent to.
External Announce Settings
These settings configure an external announcement that can be used when the stream is
reflected to a third-party server or a (future) VBrick reflector.
External Announce
This section is used to announce RTSP streams to a network
device outside of the broadcast domain.
Use Global Announce IP Use Announce IP Address for Servers and Announce Port
and Port
defined on Program Configuration > Global page. If checked,
the Destination and Port fields are greyed out.
Destination IP Address
The destination IP Address or Host Name the announcement is
sent to. If using an EtherneTV Portal Server, enter the Portal
Server IP address. If using a reflector, enter the reflector server
IP address.
Port
The destination port the announcement is sent to.
URL
The URL of the reflector (i.e the source of the reflected
stream). This URL is embedded in the announcement.
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© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
Chapter 5
Monitor
These pages let you monitor the status of various system, network, and appliance
components. They also provide access to the system logs and program status. All Monitor
pages are read-only and cannot be edited.
Note Many of the parameters on the Monitor pages have counters that track dynamic
system events (for example Frames Processed on the Monitor > Video/Audio page).
On most pages, these counters are auto-updated every two seconds so that the current
status is always shown—without refreshing the page.
Topics in this section
System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Video/Audio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
System Logs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Program Status. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
System
Figure 10. Monitor: System – Part 1
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System Information
System Model
Displays the hardware model number of the appliance.
Hardware Revision
XX-YY. XX
Boot Revision
Displays current boot revision.
OS Code Revision
Displays current OS code revision.
= Hardware Revision. YY = CPU Revision.
Application Code Revision Displays the revision number of the application code running
on the appliance.
Current Operational Mode Indicates the current operational mode of the VBrick. The
following modes are supported:
• Run Mode – Normal operation.
• Diagnostics – User selected mode for running certain
VBrick diagnostics.
• Limited Run Mode – Limited operational mode (not
selectable). Normally occurs if a hardware problem exists
within the VBrick but it can still partially operate.
• Overloaded Mode – Limited operational mode (not
selectable). This mode occurs when the VBrick is
configured to handle more video than its operational
capacity. If this occurs, the VBrick needs to be
reconfigured to reduce the number of streams and/or data
rates. Under this condition, the appliance temporarily
reduces video traffic in order to maintain VBAdmin
functionality.
58
Temperature
Displays the appliance temperature in Celsius (for example 50º
Celsius = 122º Fahrenheit). A temperature exceeding 72º C
will cause an alarm, a trap, and a log message; if the
temperature drops below 70° C the alarm and trap will clear.
When the temperature exceeds the maximum threshold, the
appliance will reboot and come up in Limited Run Mode;
when the temperature drops to an acceptable level, the
appliance will reboot and come up in normal Run Mode. The
temperature determines the fan speed as follows:
• If temperature > 50º C then fan speed = High.
• If temperature > 30º C then fan speed = Medium.
• If temperature < 30º C then fan speed = Low.
Fan Status
On, Off, Alarm.
Slot ID
Blade Server only. Indicates slot number of blade in server
chassis. Blades are numbered 1–11 from left to right.
Overloaded Count
Provides a count of the number of times the box has entered
the Overloaded Mode.
CPU Utilization (%)
Shows average CPU utilization over the previous 10 seconds.
System Up Time
Total up time since last power cycle.
Total System Up Time
Aggregate up time since customer delivery.
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
Monitor
System Date & Time
Read-only. Set date and time on System Configuration >
General page.
Manufacturing Information
Figure 11. Monitor: System – Part 2
User Information Version
As displayed.
Part Number
VBrick part number of appliance.
Box Serial Number
As displayed.
Customer Class
As displayed.
Manufacturing Date
As displayed.
Board Assembly Number
As displayed.
Power Assembly Number
As displayed.
Lot Number
As displayed.
Board Serial Number
As displayed.
MAC Address
Displays the appliance's Media Access Control address.
Upgrade Date
VBrick manufacturing data.
Add-on Boards
Information Table
Use this table to find specific information about the add-on
boards in the appliance assembly. Shelf data, if shown, is read
from Slot 1 on an H.264 blade server.
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System Restart
This table (see Figure 11) tracks the date, time, and restart type (power or reset) of all system
restarts.
Network
DHCP Status
Shows DHCP status from System Configuration > Network page.
COM Passthrough
Operational State
The current operational state of COM serial Passthrough port. The
possible values are:
• Disabled
• Enabled Active
• Enabled Internal Error
• Enabled Rejected
• No Dedicated IP Addr
MAC Address
Displays the appliance's Media Access Control address.
Network Port Status Status of the Ethernet network interface.
Network Port Speed Speed of transmission for the Ethernet network interface.
Network Port Mode The mode of transmission for the Ethernet network interface.
Network Time Synchronization
60
Last Successful Update
The last time the appliance successfully acquired the time.
Network Time Client State
Status of client.
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
Monitor
Primary Network Time Server
Successful Update Counter
The number of times the time was reset from the primary
server.
Failed Update Counter
The number of times the appliance failed to read the time
from the primary server.
Current Server Status
Status of primary server.
Secondary Network Time Server
Successful Update Counter
The number of times the time was reset from the secondary
server.
Failed Update Counter
The number of times the appliance failed to read the time
from the secondary server.
Current Server Status
Status of secondary server.
Video/Audio
Video
How is Video Connected
Shows video connection type from Audio/Video Configuration
> Video page.
Video State
Shows the state of the connected video source.
• Running – video connection is OK.
• Video input problem – video connection is not OK.
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Detected Video Format
SDI or HDMI only. Indicates what is actually connected. This is
useful for determining configuration mismatches.
Video Rate1
Actual Bit Rate
Measured rate in bits per second of the encoded video stream being
created by the appliance.
Actual Frames per
Second
Measured rate in frames per second of the encoded video stream
being created by the appliance. This rate is rounded down and may
indicate 0 for frame rates less than 1 per second.
Total Frames
Total video frames received from connected video source.
Frames Processed
Total video frames encoded and streamed by the appliance.
Buffer Full Count
Increments when the appliance is in an overloaded condition. Reduce
the load by lowering bit rates or reducing the number of RTSP and/or
HTTP clients.
Audio
How is Audio Connected
Shows audio connection type from Audio/Video
Configuration > Audio page.
Audio State
Only audio from SDI or HDMI inputs can be monitored.
Audio from the Main or Aux inputs is not monitored and will
not generate an alarm.
• Running – no audio problems detected.
• Digital Audio Input Problem – audio connection is not
OK.
Detected Audio Frequency Indicates the actual audio frequency. This field is shown only
for HDMI input configured with digital audio.
Audio Rate1
Actual Bit Rate
Measured rate in bits per second of the encoded audio stream being
created by the appliance.
Total Frames
Total audio frames received from connected video source.
Frames Processed
Total audio frames encoded and streamed by the appliance.
Buffer Full Count
Increments when the appliance is in an overloaded condition. Reduce
the load by lowering bit rates or reducing the number of RTSP and/or
HTTP clients.
System Logs
System logs can give you more information about the status of your appliance. Each log can
hold up to 20 of the latest informational messages. All logs are emptied when the appliance is
powered down or reset.
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© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
Monitor
Configuration Log
This log contains a list of the latest VBrick configuration changes.
SNMP Traps
This log contains all of the SNMP traps generated by the box whether
or not the traps have been emitted.
System Events
This log contains reports of system events within the VBrick. These
events may occur during normal operation and include some details
of successful and unsuccessful attempts to access the HTTP and
RTSP server as well as a some details concerning server push retries.
System Information This log contains unexpected behaviors detected by the appliance
software. Normally this log is used by VBrick Support Services to
help debug system errors.
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Program Status
Programs
Current Number of Served Current number of HTTP and/or RTSP clients connected to
Clients
the server. Use Refresh to update page; use Reset Counters to
reset to zero.
Maximum Number of
Served Clients
Highest number of HTTP and/or RTSP clients that were
concurrently connected since the last time these parameters
were Reset.
Current Served Bandwidth The approximate calculated bandwidth being used by all
Used
currently connected clients.
Maximum Served
Bandwidth Used
The highest approximate calculated bandwidth used by all
connected clients since the last time these parameters were
Reset.
Transmitters
This page shows the program status of all defined transmitters. Note that when more than 5
transmitters are configured, auto-refresh is disabled and you must use the Refresh button to
manually refresh the page.
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© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
Monitor
Transmitter Name
Transmitter name from Program Configuration > Transmitter page.
Destination IP
Destination IP Address or Host Name from Program Configuration >
Transmitter page.
State
•
•
•
•
•
Bytes Transferred
Use Reset Counters to reset to zero.
IP Packets Sent
Use Reset Counters to reset to zero.
Transmitting – no transmitter problems detected.
Disabled – transmitter has not been enabled.
Ping Failed – ping to unicast destination failed.
Ports Not Open – IP port failure.
Loopback Address – destination address is a loopback address.
Servers
This page shows the program status for all servers. Use the dropdown list box to select a
specific server.
Note When CPU usage on the selected server is extremely high, auto-refresh is disabled but
you can still use the Refresh button to manually refresh the page.
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Current Number of Clients
Current number of HTTP and/or RTSP clients connected
to the server.
Maximum Number of Clients
Highest number of HTTP and/or RTSP clients that were
concurrently connected since the last time these parameters
were Reset.
Current Bandwidth Used
The approximate calculated bandwidth being used by all
currently connected clients.
Maximum Bandwidth Used
The highest approximate calculated bandwidth used by all
connected clients since the last time these parameters were
Reset.
Clients
66
Session State
Setup, Play, Pause, Suspend.
IP Address
As displayed.
Start Time
Time the session started.
Video Port
As displayed.
Video Packets Sent
As displayed.
Audio Port
As displayed.
Audio Packets Sent
As displayed.
Session Transport
UDP, RTSP Interleave, Http Tunneled.
© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
Monitor
Video Packets Dropped
Video packets dropped since session start.
Audio Packets Dropped
Audio packets dropped since session start.
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© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
Chapter 6
Troubleshoot
Topics in this section
Ping Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
TraceRoute Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Device Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Maintenance Mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Limited Run Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Ping Test
This menu lets you initiate a data test from the VBrick appliance to another IP device. Enter
the IP address and Test Settings and select the Start button. The Operational State will read
Ping Test . The results of the test will be displayed in the top portion of the screen.
Ping Test Result
Response Counter
Counts the successful responses.
Timeout Counter
Counts the response timeouts.
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Resolved IP Address IP Address of destination.
Ping Result
Host is alive/not alive.
Ping Test Setting
Destination
IP Address or Host name. Cannot be blank.
Number of Packets
Number of packets to send for the test (default is 4).
PDU Size
Protocol Description Unit size of packets, in bytes (default = 64).
Transmit Interval (sec.) In seconds (default is sending the packets in 1 second intervals).
Transmit Timeout (sec.) The length of time, in seconds, before the test times out, in the
event the target device fails to respond.
TraceRoute Test
The Internet is a complex aggregation of network hardware connected by gateways. Tracking
the route packets follow or finding a gateway where the packets are being discarded is
difficult. The Trace Route test attempts to trace the route an IP packet follows to a specified
Internet host. This test utilizes the Time To Live (TTL) field in the IP header to allow
intermediate nodes to be "discovered" via Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP).
Intermediate hops are discovered by launching probe packets with a small TTL and then
listening for an ICMP Time Exceeded reply from a gateway. Use Refresh , Start /Stop, and
Default to run the test.
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© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
Troubleshoot
Trace Route Test Result
The results of the test appear at the top of the screen. The results include the Resolved IP
Address of the Destination Host Name. When the test is finished or stopped, the Overall
Result will display the result of the test, such as "Test Done," or "Max hops (=30) Finished,"
or "Test Stopped," etc. An entry shows the hop number, which is equal to the TTL, IP
address (and Host Name if available) of the gateway, and round trip time of each probe. If the
probe answers are received from different gateways, the address of each responding system
will be shown. If there is no response within a 5 second timeout interval, a "*" is printed for
that probe. If the result string exceeds 255 characters, the string will be terminated by ending
it with "Too Long."
Resolved IP Address IP Address of destination.
Traceroute Result
Displays "done" when finished.
Summary
Shows results summary including byte packet size and number of
hops.
Trace Route Test Configuration
Destination
Select Host Name or unicast IP Address (multicast IP Addresses are
not valid).
Probe Count
Can be set from 3 to 20. The default setting is 3. This setting is the
number of probe packets sent to a host at each hop.
Device Tests
The H.264 appliance automatically performs a full POST (Power On Self Test) hardware test
whenever the unit is powered-on or reset. The Device Test runs the POST and displays the
results. The Operational Mode (on the System Configuration > General page) must be set to
Diagnostics to run this test. When done, be sure to reset the appliance to Run mode or you
will not be able to stream video.
T
To run the Device Test
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Go to System Configuration > General and set the Operational Mode to Diagnostics.
Go back to the Device Tests page and click Edit .
Set the test parameters (see below).
Click Start and wait a few seconds to see the test results.
When done go back to System Configuration > General and set the Operational Mode to
Run .
VBrick H.264 Appliance Admin Guide
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Number of Loops to Run Number of times to run the test.
Intensity
Low intensity is faster but runs fewer tests. High intensity runs
all tests but may take up to 10 minutes.
Maintenance Mode
Maintenance mode is automatically launched when the software on the VBrick appliance
does not load. A message on the front panel will indicate the appliance is in Maintenance
mode. Maintenance mode runs from a reduced functioning kernel that provides limited
access to the appliance via the Command Line Interface only. You can access the
Command Line Interface via the serial port or Telnet. (see the H.264 Appliance Getting
Started Guide for more about the Command Line Interface.) As shown below, Maintenance
mode has limited configuration and diagnostic capabilities. It enables the FTP server on the
appliance so you can download new software.
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© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
Troubleshoot
Figure 12. Maintenance Mode CLI
Limited Run Mode
When some error conditions occur, for example when there is a high temperature alarm, the
appliance will automatically go into Limited Run Mode and a message will display on the
front panel. In Limited Run Mode, you can make configuration changes with VBAdmin,
reboot the appliance, or perform other admin tasks to resolve the problem. The only thing
you cannot do in Limited Run Mode is stream video. When the error condition(s) that
initiated Limited Run Mode have been resolved, the appliance will reboot and come up in
normal Run Mode and you can resume streaming.
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© 2009 VBrick Systems, Inc.
VBrick Systems, Inc.
12 Beaumont Road
Wallingford, Connecticut 06492, USA
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