The new Gradient
Palm-Cycler combines
robust engineering,
advanced performance,
and a palmtop PC
interface for supreme
user-friendly flexibility.
Palmtop PC Interface
A palmtop PC interface provides the convenience
of the familiar graphical Windows® operating
system combined with a backlit color touchscreen for an unsurpassed user experience in a
thermal cycler.
The power of a palmtop PC computer allows
advanced software functions to be included and
total flexibility in thermal cycle programming.
New software features are regularly incorporated
and available as free upgrades via web download.
An SD memory card is included for convenient
backup and transfer of programs between
instruments. Each card can hold thousands of
saved cycle programs.
In addition, the calendar software included with
the palmtop PC computer makes a perfect
booking system for laboratories where the
instrument is in high demand!
Support for all Reaction Formats
There are three models of Palm-Cycler to suit different sample tube formats:
60-well format to suit large volume
1 reactions
in individual 0.5 mL tubes
with attached caps
standard 96-well format for 0.2
2 Industry
mL individual or strip tubes (domed or
flat-capped) or 96-well plates (low- or highskirt) with strip caps or adhesive film seals)
standard 384-well format
3 Industry
for plates with adhesive seals
True Linear Gradient
Thermal gradient technology enables opposite
sides of a thermal cycler block to be set to a
different temperature. The wells across the block
then span the set temperature range, creating
a thermal gradient. A gradient can be used, for
example, to optimize the annealing temperature
of an assay in a single experiment by simply
determining the temperature of the wells that
yielded the best result.
The Palm-CyclerTM uses eight Peltier devices
Platinum sensors
to actively heat and cool the block from 4 °C
up to 99 °C. Peltier devices are controlled by
four separate thermal sensors arranged across
the block. The distribution of sensors enables
a true linear gradient to be established via
feedback loops from the sensors to the computer.
Furthermore, Palm-Cycler software can interpolate
and display the temperature of each column of
wells in real-time during a run (see below).
With the Palm-Cycler, a linear gradient of between
1°C and 24°C can be set across the block.
Unlike the Palm-Cycler, other thermal cyclers
typically use fewer Peltier devices and sensors. A
Palm-Cycler TM linear thermal gradient
thermal gradient produced by these instruments
can be very non-linear, having a fast thermal
decay zone at one or more regions of the block.
An asymmetric gradient such as this makes it very
difficult to predict actual sample temperature in
each well and makes optimization experiments
prone to error.
Real-time Graphs
Non-linear asymmetric gradient
Palm-Cycler software graphically displays the
current measured temperature across the block in
real-time as cycling progresses, even for a thermal
gradient ( A opposite). Blue lines on the graph
indicate target temperatures for each thermal
sensor and the red lines report the measured
temperature at each sensor location.
Four sensors across the Palm-Cycler block enable
accurate interpolation of the temperature in each
well. Shown opposite ( B ) are the interpolated
temperatures of all twelve columns across a 96-well
block (i.e. 12 columns x 8 rows) as displayed in realtime by the software.
Programming Interface
Cycling programs are created and edited
in Program mode. A program is graphically
represented, as shown opposite for a three step
program ( A ). The touchscreen interface makes the
Palm-Cycler simple and intuitive to use; displayed
parameters such as temperature, time, step
number, or repeat number can be changed simply
pressing on a displayed value to open an Edit
dialog ( B opposite).
Ramp Rate Control
Thermal transition times (or ramp rates) can be
precisely controlled by the Limit Rate function.
Limit Rate allows the user to specify the time taken
to transition from one set temperature to the next.
For example, you can specify the transition from
55°C to 95°C to be, say, 15 minutes.
Hold Lists
The Hold function allows the creation of one or
more pauses in the program. With this feature
active, the unit will pause at the programmed point
while emitting an alert beep. The set temperature
will be held indefinitely until a Continue button
is pressed. Holds are useful if there is a need to
remove tubes or add reagents at a particular point
in a run. The example opposite shows how a hold
at Cycle 2, Repeat 15, Step 2 (C2 R15 S2) is set and
added to a hold list.
Manual Control
In Manual Mode, the Palm-Cycler block can be set
to hold a specified temperature for an indefinite
time. This function is useful for incubating reactions
such as DNA digestion or ligation. Simply select
Manual Mode from the Control menu and key in the
temperature desired. Manual Mode also supports
a thermal gradient in which the upper and lower
temperatures are set. In the example opposite
no gradient has been set so the temperature does
not vary across the block (here 25°C).
Touchdown and Long Range
Zero-Condensation Heated Lid Design
Touchdown and Long Range are auto-increment
The Palm-Cycler uses a heated lid to keep the void
programming tools supported by the Palm-Cycler.
air volume in the tube hotter than the reaction
Touchdown allows the temperature of a step to
(see below). This drives any evaporation and
be automatically lowered by a set amount over a
condensation back into the cooler reaction liquid.
specified range of successive cycle repeats.
Thus no oil or wax condensation barrier is needed.
It is usually used as a mechanism to avoid primerdimer artifacts by gradually lowering the annealing
temperature during early cycle repeats of an
amplification reaction.
Long Range programming enables the time of a
particular step to be automatically increased by
a set amount over a specified range of successive
cycle repeats. Long Range programming is often
used to provide gradually extended times for
enzymatic polymerization of longer products during
later cycle repeats of an amplification reaction. It is
most useful for targets longer than about 1kb.
Oligo Calculator
Palm-Cycler software includes a full-featured oligo
Thermal Calibration
calculator as an aid to oligonucleotide design.
In addition to a range of calculated values,
In some situations it may be desirable to have
the software self-aligns the oligo to show the
the Palm-Cycler matched to an external thermal
occurrence of self-complimentary bonds. This can
accuracy standard. The software includes an
be used, for example, to identify palindromes and
auto-calibration wizard in the Help menu to enable
primer-dimers. Example oligo information is shown
dynamic recalibration by the user.
opposite ( A ). Scrolling the window down displays
the self-aligned bond information ( B ).
The calibration process begins with measurement
of Palm-Cycler well temperatures using a
thermocouple probe of the desired accuracy.
Measured temperatures are then used to overwrite
existing Palm-Cycler calibration settings so that
accuracy is matched to the probe.
Power Interruption and Auto-resume
If for any reason the Palm-Cycler is turned off, the
power fails or the palmtop PC is disconnected
during a run the palmtop PC will sound a warning
alarm for 30 seconds. If reconnection occurs
during that time the program will continue. If not,
a Disconnected message appears onscreen
indicating the name of the terminated program
and the cycle, step and repeat number at which
interruption occurred.
gradient thermal cycling
gradient thermal cycling
Thermal Cycling System
Temperature Range
Temperature Accuracy
Temperature Uniformity
Temperature Resolution
Heating/Cooling Rate
Condensation control
Special Functions
Active heating and cooling using 8 Peltier elements + 4 Platinum sensors
±0.25°C of set temperature, 1 minute after clock start
±0.5°C, 30 seconds after clock start
0.1°C increments
2.0°C/sec maximum
Automatic using a heated lid design
Auto-resume on power fail, on-line logging and graphing, touchdown and long-range programming,
linear thermal gradient (programmable up to 24°C), adjustable ramp rate, oligonucleotide
calculator, program holds, manual mode, online help, thermal calibration wizard.
60-Well version (P/N 6000-000)
0.5 mL tubes with attached caps
96-Well version (P/N 9600-000)
- Supported consumables: 0.2 mL tubes or strip tubes with flat or domed caps; 96-well high- or low-
skirt plates with strip caps or an adhesive cover
384-Well version (P/N 3840-000)
-Supported consumables: 384-well plates with an adhesive cover
H 220 mm (8.7”) lid closed
H 330 mm (13.0”) lid open
W 310 mm (12.2”)
D 295 mm (11.6”); 370 mm (14.6”) including cables
10.9 kg (24 lbs)
100–120 VAC @ 4 Amp (50/60 Hz), 200–240 VAC @ 2 Amp (50/60 Hz)
Blue Silicon Pad (P/N 9601-007). Provided with 96- and 384-well configurations only
Secure Key for Palm Device (P/N 9601-009)
SD Memory Card 128 MB (minimum)
Power Cable
User Manual
Palmtop PC accessories (manufacturer’s standard set)
Hewlett Packard model hx2190b or later update: Intel® PXA270 Processor 312 MHz, Integrated
Bluetooth® wireless technology, Integrated Compact Flash type II (CF) and Secure Digital (SDIO)
slots, HP ProtectTools secured by Credant Technologies security application, 3.5” transflective TFT
QVGA colour LED backlight touchscreen display, landscape and portrait display modes, Microsoft®
Windows Mobile™ 5.0 Software for Pocket PC, Premium Edition, Removable/rechargeable 920 mAh
battery, Integrated Serial IR, Protective plastic flip cover, Pocket versions of familiar applications like
Microsoft Outlook®, Word, Excel®, and PowerPoint®
Supplied, with unlimited user license. Free upgrades by web download.
2 years on instrument, manufacturers warranty on palmtop PC device
Gel-Scan 3000
Startup Accessories (included) Palmtop PC device (minimum)
Software Warranty Australia
Corbett Life Science
14 Hilly Street
Mortlake, NSW 2137
T 1800 803 915 (Toll free)
T +61 2 9736 1320
F +61 2 9736 1364
United Kingdom
Corbett Research UK Limited
Unit 296 Cambridge Science Park
Milton Road, Cambridge CB4 0WD
T +44 (0)1223 424 288
F +44 (0)1223 424 144
Corbett Robotics Inc
185 Berry Street, Suite 5200
San Francisco, CA 94107
T 1 866 380 1166 (Toll free)
T +1 415 348 1166
F +1 415 348 1177
E-mail [email protected]
Web www.corbettlifescience.com
Designed and manufactured in Australia by:
Palm-Cycler is a trademark of Corbett Life Science and it subsidiaries. Intel is a registered trademark of Intel Corporation. Bluetooth is a registered trademark of Bluetooth SIG, Inc. Microsoft,
Outlook, Excel and Powerpoint, and Windows Mobile are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. Specifications subject to change without notice. © 2007 Corbett Life Science.
Printed in Australia. v1.0
ISO 9001 Lic 21313
SAI Global
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