AutoStar AS-700 User`s Manual

AutoStar AS-700 User`s Manual
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CAN OBDII SCANNER User’s Manual
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CAN OBDII SCANNER
USER’S MANUAL
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Version: 8.08
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CAN OBDII SCANNER User’s Manual
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Table of Contents
1.0
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
- Introduction -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------The Product ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 3
Safety Precautions------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 5
Vehicle Service Information---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 8
Introduction to On-Board Diagnostics (OBD) II--------------------------------------------------10
Diagnostic Link Connector (DLC) ------------------------------------------------------------------------11
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2.0 - T he S c a n T o o l - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2.1 Main Unit ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------12
2.2 Keypad Functions ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------13
2.3 Getting Started --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------13
2.4 Brightness Control --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------14
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3.0 -Vehicle Diagnosis ------------------------------------------------------------------------------3.1 START SCANNING ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------15
3.2 READ DTC---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------18
3.3 ERASE DTC-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------21
3.4 LIVE DATA----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------22
3.4.1 OBD-II Generic Operational Data Items -------------------------------------------24
3.5 FREEZE FRAME DATA-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------26
3.6 MIL STATUS -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------27
3.7 I/M [M&R Status] ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------29
3.8 O2 SENSOR TEST------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------31
3.9 VIN (Vehicle Information)--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------34
4.0 – Appendix------------- -------------------------------------------------------------------------4.1 Appendix A – PID Definitions---------------------------------------------------------------------------------35
4.2 Appendix B – Glossary--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------37
4.3 Appendix C – Supported Vehicle Models List-----------------------------------------------------48
4.5 Appendix D – What is EOBD, EOBD2 and OBD-II---------------------------------------------56
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5.0 – Notice------------------------------------------------- -------------------------------------5.1 Disclaimer ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------62
6.0 – W a r r a n t y I n f o r m a t i o n - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 6.1 Limited Warranty----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 62
6.2 Limitations of Warranty-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------63
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CAN OBDII SCANNER User’s Manual
1.0 - Introduction
1.1-The Product:
CAN OBDII SCANNER
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This Scan tool is designed for all OBDII / EOBD compliant cars. With over 12,000
DTCs (fault codes) found in its data base, it covers all generic OBDII / EOBD
codes such as Powertrain (P0,P2 and P34xx), Body (B0), Chassis (C0) and
Network (U0) as well as some Manufacturers specific codes (P1,P30xx and U1).
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The car owner as well as technicians can use this tool to diagnose the engine
problem when the ‘Check Engine Light’ illuminates on the dashboard meter. It
retrieves the Error Codes (DTC) and Freeze Frame Data from the vehicle
computer (PCM) and displays them on the LCD screen with DTC definitions.
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The displayed ‘LIVE DATA’ readings are very useful for technicians as it saves
time when diagnosing the problem. Besides Vehicle Information (VIN), IM
Readiness Monitor status, MIL status, it also tests Oxygen Sensors.
Once you have the diagnostic information from the PCM, this is the first step in
finding and fixing the problem.
Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) warns us of a problem or symptom has occurred
with a particular engine system, not a specific part.
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Please take note of these important points:
The vehicle computer can only report Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) based on
what its sensors had relayed to it.
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There are some instances that sensors appeared to be bad when in actual fact,
they are not.
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¾
The main causes were:
¾
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-
Poor connections at the connector, broken wire or short circuit may
prevent the sensor signal from reaching the vehicle computer.
-
Failure of one system may affect the sensor in another system to
give false results.
It is recommended that use of the vehicle service manual to assist in the
diagnosing process is important.
The next step in the diagnostic process is to test the systems and parts which
were suspected to be defective.
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Once the faults had been identified and repaired, you can use the tool to CLEAR
the fault codes (DTCs) from the PCM memory. This will turn off the Malfunction
Indicator Lamp (MIL) or Check Engine Light.
Product Features:
CAN OBDII SCANNER
Yes
Yes
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Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
LCD Display:
Blue back light, 128 x 64 pixels (FSTN) with contrast
adjustment.
Operating temperature:
-20°C ~ 50°C (-4°F ~ 122°F)
Input Voltage:
DC 9.0 ~ 15.0 V (through OBDII connector)
Supported Protocols:
(SAE) J-1850 PWM
(SAE) J-1850 VPW
ISO 9141-2
KWP 2000 (ISO-14230)
CAN bus (ISO-15765-4)
EOBD
Vehicle coverage:
All American vehicles from year 1996 onward to the
current models. All makes that are OBDII and EOBD
compliant.
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Specifications:
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
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Displays the DTC definitions on screen Supports CAN bus, J‐1850 VPW, J‐1850 PWM, ISO‐9141, KWP 2000 protocols Reads and Clears all Generic OBDII / EOBD and some Manufacturers specific DTCs Resets ‘Check Engine’ light Views ‘Freeze Frame’ data Determines the Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL) status I/M Monitor and Readiness Status Retrieves the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) Displays ‘Live ‘ data streams Oxygen (O2) Sensor Test Do-It-Auto
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CAN OBDII SCANNER User’s Manual
1.2 - Safety Precautions
For safety reasons, read this manual thoroughly before operating the Tool.
Always refer to and follow the safety instructions and testing procedures
provided by the car or equipment manufacturer. The safety messages
presented below and throughout this user’s manual are reminders to the
operator to exercise extreme care when using this test instrument.
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Read All Instructions
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Read, understand and follow all safety messages and instructions in this
manual and on the test equipment. Safety messages in this section of the
manual contain a signal word with a three-part message and, in some
instances, an icon.
Safety Messages
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Safety messages are provided to help prevent personal injury and equipment
damage. All safety messages are introduced by a signal word. The signal word
indicates the level of the hazard in a situation.
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The types of safety messages are.
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Indicates a possible hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, will result in death or serious injury to operator or
bystanders.
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Indicates a possible hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, could result in death or serious injury to operator or
bystanders.
Indicates a possible hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, may result in moderate or minor injury to operator
or bystanders.
Indicates a condition which, if not avoided, may result in
damage to test equipment or vehicle
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Safety Precautions
When the engine is running, it produces carbon monoxide, a
toxic and poisonous gas. Always operate the vehicle in a well
ventilated area. Do not breathe exhaust gases – they are
hazardous that can lead to death.
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To protect your eyes from propellant object such as caustic
liquids, always wear safety eye protection.
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Fuel and battery vapors are highly flammable.
DO NOT SMOKE NEAR THE VEHICLE DURING TESTING.
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When engine is running, many parts (such as pulleys,
coolant fan, belts, etc) turn at high speed. To avoid serious
injury, always be alert and keep a safe distance from these
parts.
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Before starting the engine for testing or trouble shooting,
always make sure the parking brakes is firmly engaged. Put
the transmission in Park (automatic transmission) and
Neutral (manual transmission).
Always block the drive wheels.
Never leave vehicle unattended while testing.
Never lay tools on vehicle battery. You may short the
terminals together causing harm to yourself, the tools or the
battery.
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CAN OBDII SCANNER User’s Manual
Safety Precautions
Connecting or disconnecting the test equipment when the
ignition is ON can cause damage to the vehicle electrical
components. Always turn ignition OFF before connecting
or disconnect the tool from the Diagnostic Link Connector.
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Engine parts become very hot when engine is running. To
prevent severe burns, avoid contact with hot engine parts.
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Do not wear loose clothing or jewelry while working on
engine. Loose clothing can get caught in fan, pulleys, belts,
etc. Jewelry can conduct current and can cause severe
burns if comes in contact between power source and
ground.
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When the engine is running, be cautious when working
around the ignition coil, distributor cap, ignition wires and
spark plugs. They are HIGH VOLTAGE components that can
cause electrical Shock.
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Always keep a fire extinguisher readily available and easily
accessible in the workshop.
Some vehicles are equipped with SRS (Airbags).Caution must be taken when
working around the air bag components or wiring. Always refer to the vehicle
service manuals on the CAUTION remarks. If the cautions are not followed, the
air bag may open up unexpectedly resulting in personal injury.
Note that the air bag can still open up several minutes after the ignition key is
off or even the vehicle battery is disconnected because of a special energy
reserve module.
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Always follow the vehicle manufacturer’s warnings, cautions and service
procedures.
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1.3 - Vehicle Service Information
8
______
The following is a list of web sites and phone numbers where electronic
engine control (EEC) diagnostic information is available.
✓ Some manuals may be available at your local dealer, auto parts
stores or local public libraries.
Web Site
Phone Number
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Domestic Vehicles
www.chevrolet.com
www.pontiac.com
www.oldsmobile.com
www.buick.com
www.cadillac.com
www.saturn.com
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Chevrolet
Pontiac
Oldsmobile
Buick
Cadillac
Saturn
Ford
www.ford.com
www.lincoln.com
www.mercury.com
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Ford
Lincoln
Mercury
Chrysler
Dodge
Plymouth
Eagle
1-800-551-4123
1-800-551-4123
1-800-551-4123
1-800-551-4123
1-800-333-4CAD
1-800-553-6000
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General Motors
1-800-392-3673
1-800-392-3673
1-800-392-3673
www.chrysler.com
www.dodge.com
Not Available
Not Available
1-800-348-4696
1-800-348-4696
1-800-348-4696
1-800-348-4696
www.audi.com
www.vw.com
www.bmw.com
www.mini.com
www.jaguar.com
www.volvo.com
www.mercedes-benz.com
www.landrover.com
www.porsche.com
www.saab.com
1-800-544-8021
1-800-544-8021
1-201-307-4000
1-201-307-4000
1-800-4-JAGUAR
1-800-458-1552
1-800-367-6372
1-800-637-6837
1-800-PORSCHE
1-800-955-9007
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European Vehicles
Audi
Volkswagen
BMW
MINI
Jaguar
Volvo
Mercedes-Benz
Land Rover
Porsche
Saab
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CAN OBDII SCANNER User’s Manual
Asian Vehicles
Other Manuals
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www.chiltonsonline.com
www.haynes.com
www.bentleypublishers.com
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Chilton Book Company
Haynes Publications
Bentley Publishers
1-800-999-1009
1-800-999-1009
1-800-255-3987
1.866.70.SCION
1-800-GO-TOYOTA
1-800-633-5151
1-800-662-6200
1-800-nissan1
1-800-333-4542
1-800-222-5500
1-822-759-2114
1-800-SUBARU3
1-800-255-6727
Not Available
1-888-MITSU2004
1-800-934-0934
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www.acura.com
www.honda.com
www.lexus.com
www.scion.com
www.toyota.com
www.hyundai.com
www.infiniti.com
www.nissanusa.com
www.kia.com
www.mazda.com
www.daewoo.com
www.subaru.com
www.isuzu.com
Not Available
www.mitsubishi.com
www.suzukiauto.com
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Acura
Honda
Lexus
Scion
Toyota
Hyundai
Infiniti
Nissan
Kia
Mazda
Daewoo
Subaru
Isuzu
Geo
Mitsubishi
Suzuki
1-800-347-7707
1-800-242-4637
1-800-423-4595
Repair Information Programs
www.mitchell1.com
www.alldata.com
1-888-724-6742
1-800-697-2533
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ALLDATA
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Suitable Manual Titles
Diagnostic Service Manuals
Power Train Codes and Oxygen Sensors
Automotive Emission Control Manual
Fuel Injection
Automotive Electrical Manual
Automotive Electrics and Electronics
Automotive Sensors
Electronic Transmission Control
Emission Control Technology
Engine Management or other similar titles...
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1.4 - Introduction to On-Board Diagnostics (OBD) II __
On-board diagnostics version II (OBD II) is a system that the Society of
Automotive Engineers (SAE) developed to standardize automotive
electronic diagnosis.
Beginning in 1996, most new vehicles sold in the United States were
fully OBD II compliant and in year 2000, Europe started its own EOBD system.
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✓ Technicians can now use the same tool to test any OBD II / EOBD
compliant vehicles without special adapters. SAE established
guidelines that provide:
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❒ A universal connector, called the Diagnostic Link Connector (DLC)
with dedicated pin assignments.
❒ A standard location for the DLC, visible under the dash on driver’s
side.
❒ A standard list of diagnostic trouble codes (DTCs) used by all
manufacturers.
❒ A standard list of parameter identification (PID) data used by all
manufacturers.
❒ Ability for vehicle systems to record operating conditions when a fault
occurs.
❒ Expanded diagnostic capabilities that records a code whenever a
condition occurs that affects vehicle emissions.
❒ Ability to clear stored codes from the vehicle’s memory with a Scan
Tool.
SAE Publications
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SAE has published hundreds of pages of text defining a standard
communication protocol that establishes hardware, software, and
circuit parameters of OBD II systems.
• SAE publishes recommendations, not laws, but the Environmental
Protection Agency (EPA) and California Air Resources Board
(CARB) made many of SAE’s recommendations legal requirements.
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CAN OBDII SCANNER User’s Manual
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1.5 - Diagnostic Link Connector (DLC)
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CAN OBDII SCANNER User’s Manual
Location #
1
2
3
4
5
6
Description
Driver’s side, underneath dashboard, in the area under the steering column, +/- 150mm
(i.e., +/- 6 inches on either side of the steering column)
Driver’s side, underneath dashboard, between the driver-side door and steering column
area.
Driver’s side, underneath dashboard, between the steering column area and the center
console (also includes connectors on the driver side but connected to the center console)
Driver’s side, dashboard instrument / gauge area, between the steering column and the
centre console.
Driver’s side, dashboard instrument / gauge area, between the driver-side door and
steering column.
Center console, vertical surface (i.e., near radio and climate controls), left of vehicle
centerline.
Center console, vertical surface (i.e., near radio and climate controls), on vehicle
centerline.
Center console, vertical surface right of vehicle centerline or on passenger side of center
console.
Center console, horizontal surface(i.e., armrest, handbrake area), in front passenger area
Any location other than locations # 1~8 (i.e., rear passenger area, passenger side glove
box, top of dashboard near windshield)
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Note:
Locations # 1 ~ 3 represent preferable locations.
Locations # 4 ~ 8 represents allowable locations under SAE J9162.
Connectors in location #6, #6, 7 and #7 may be covered by ashtrays, covers, cup
holders, coin holders, etc.
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6,7
12
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2.0 - The Scan Tool
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2.1 - Main unit
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Figure 1
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CAN OBDII SCANNER User’s Manual
2.2 - Keypad Functions:
This [OK] key is to confirm the selected function.
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Pressing this [ESC] key will exit the current function and back to the
previous page.
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This button permits two functions namely; to scroll [UP] to the next
item and to adjust the screen contrast brighter.
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This button permits two functions namely; to scroll [DOWN] to the
next item and to adjust the screen contrast darker.
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2.3 - Getting Started:
Before you use Scan Tool on the vehicle, please ensure that mechanical
problems such as low oil level, damaged hoses, wiring or electrical connections
are fixed FIRST. They may cause a fault code to set.
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The following Areas need to be checked before starting any test:
¾ The levels of engine oil, power steering fluid, transmission fluid (if auto
transmission), engine coolant and other fluids must be at proper level. Top
up if necessary.
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¾ Check the condition of air hoses and the air filter must be cleaned. Replace
if necessary.
¾ Make sure the timing belts are in good conditions and properly tensioned.
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¾ Make sure the spark plugs are cleaned and in good condition. Check for
loose, damaged, disconnected or missing plug cables.
¾ Make sure that all mechanical linkages to the engine sensors (throttle,
gearshift position, transmission, etc) are secure and properly connected.
Refer to Service Manuals for locations.
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¾ Check all electrical wirings and harnesses for proper connections and
condition of its insulation.
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¾ Check all rubber hoses (radiator) and steel hoses (vacuum and fuel) for
leaks, cracks, blockage or other damages.
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¾ Make sure the engine is mechanically sound. Do a compression check,
engine vacuum check, timing check, etc.
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¾ Always refer to the manufacturer’s Service Manual if you are not sure of the
repair procedures.
2.4 – Brightness Control
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1、 Once the Scan Tool is powered up through the DLC connection, the LCD
screen lights up. Pressing and hold
key will increase the LCD
brightness.
2、 Likewise, pressing and hold
key will decrease the brightness.
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Figure 2
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CAN OBDII SCANNER User’s Manual
3.0 - Vehicle Diagnosis
3.1 - START SCANNING
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1. Locate the vehicle Diagnostic Link
Connector (DLC) and make sure
that the ignition switch is in OFF
position. (Figure 3)
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When everything had been confirmed and checked as mentioned in Getting Started,
the testing operation can be carried out.
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Figure 3
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2. Connect the scan tool diagnostic
connector to the vehicle DLC.
Figure 4
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If problem of inserting, rotate it to
180° and try again
3. When the connection has been
established, the LCD screen wakes
up displaying as shown:
Figure 5
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4. Turn the ignition key to ON.
DO NOT start or crank the engine.
(Figure 6)
Figure 6
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5. Press
key, the screen will
change to as shown (Figure 7).
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Figure 7
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6. Press
or
key to select
the car maker according to the car
made that need to be tested or if it
is not in the menu then selects
[Generic OBDII] (Figure 8).
Figure 8
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Note: Press and hold either key will
make the scrolling action
faster.
7. After the selection, press
key
to confirm and the scan tool will
proceed the test. (Figure 9)
Figure 9
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CAN OBDII SCANNER User’s Manual
8. If the Scan tool fails to link up with
the vehicle’s computer, it will show
a message as displayed on the
LCD screen: (Figure 10)
Figure 10
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Possible causes:
1. The Diagnostic connector is not connected properly.
2. Ignition Key is not turned ON.
3. The vehicle is not OBDII compliant.
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Note:
To check whether the vehicle being tested is OBDII compliant, always
refer to the Vehicle Emission Control Information (VECI) decal located
under the hood or by the radiator of most vehicles. See (Figure 11).
Figure 11
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18
9. Once the scan tool has established
communication with the engine ECU,
it will display the protocol type.
(Figure 12)
Figure 12
or
Figure 13
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you wish by pressing
key.
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Here you can select the operation
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10. As instructed, press
to continue
and it will enter into the main menu
(Figure 13).
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3.2 – READ DTC_________________________________
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✓ Selecting this function allows the Scan Tool to read the DTCs from
the vehicle’s control modules. DTCs are used to help determine the
cause of a problem or problems within a vehicle. These codes cause the
control module to illuminate the malfunction indicator lamp (MIL)
when emission-related or drivability fault occurs. MIL is also known
as service engine soon or check engine lamp (See figure ).
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✓ READ DTCs can be done with the Key On Engine Off (KOEO) or with
the Key On Engine Running (KOER).
On the ‘Read DTC’ highlighted row
(Figure 13), pressing
key will
proceed to the selection choice.
(Figure 14).
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Figure 14
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CAN OBDII SCANNER User’s Manual
Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTC) or Fault Codes
Under OBDII / EOBD systems, all manufacturers must use a universal 5 digits
code system.
These universal 5 digits codes are made up of:
st
•
The 1 character in the DTC indicates a letter which identifies the “main
system” where the fault occurred (Power train, Body, Chassis or
Network)
nd
The 2 character is a numerical digit which identifies “Generic or
Manufacturer Specific”
•
The 3 character is also a numerical digit which identifies the specific
systems or sub-systems where the problem is located.
•
The 4 and 5 characters are also numerical digits which identifies the
section of the system that is malfunctioning.
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•
th
DTC Structure:
Ignition/Distributor Engine Speed Input Circuit
Range/Performance
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P0321 –
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Example:
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Types of DTC:
There are two types of DTCs namely: One trip DTC and two trips DTC.
One trip DTC is a condition that requires immediate attention such as a catalyst
damaging misfire.
Two trips DTC is one that a condition must be found during 2 consecutive trips
such as an EGR fault.
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‘A Trip’ is define as a Key-ON, Key-OFF event in which the powertrain control
module (PCM) or ECU detects the following:
• Engine coolant temperature should change more than 20oC after starting
the engine.
• Engine coolant temperature should exceed 70oC.
• Engine speed should go over 400 RPM.
An OBD TRIP is a journey during which all OBD tests have been completed or ready.
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One trip monitor means that if a fault is detected, the engine computer will illuminate
the MIL and a DTC will be placed as a stored Fault Code.
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Two trips monitor means that if a fault is detected on the first trip, the engine computer
will temporarily save this fault in its memory as a Pending Code (the MIL will be off).
If the fault is detected again on a second consecutive trip, the engine computer will
illuminate the MIL and a DTC will be placed as a stored Fault Code.
Depending on the choice of selection,
once “Fault Code” or “Pending Code”
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had been selected, press
key
to confirm. The display screen will
show the DTCs it had retrieved from
the ECU memory (Figure 15).
Figure 15
Press
or
key will display
code definitions. (Figure 16)
20
Note: Pressing and hold either key
will continue to scroll endlessly.
Figure 16
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If there is no DTC present in the ECU
memory, then the display will show as
follows: (Figure 17)
Figure 17
3.3 - ERASE DTCs_______________________________
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Selecting this function erases the DTCs from vehicle’s control module(s)
memory. Perform this function with KOEO. Do not start the engine.
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✓ The ERASE DTCs function may also erase Freeze Frame Data......
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✓ The ERASE DTCs function resets all the I/M Readiness Monitor
Status to a NOT READY condition. To set all of the Monitors to a
READY status, an OBDII Drive Cycle must be performed. Please
refer to the vehicle service manual for information on how to perform
an OBDII Drive Cycle for the vehicle under test.
in
Note:
in
as
If the tested vehicle has DTC present in its memory and need to
be sent to the workshop for repair. Do not use this function to
erase it. These DTC will help the technicians to troubleshoot the
engine problem encountered.
ch
Perform ERASE DTCs function only when the vehicle had been
repaired.
To start this function, go back to the
previous menu (Figure 13) and
select “Erase DTC” as shown
(Figure 18) by
pressing the
key.
Figure 18
21
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Press
key, the screen will
display the message as shown
(Figure 19).
To Erase DTC press
otherwise press
key
key to exit.
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When
key was pressed, the
screen will display the message as
shown (Figure 20) if it has
successfully erased the DTCs.
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Figure 19
key will return back to the main menu
in
as
in
To Exit this function, press
screen (Figure 18).
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Figure 20
3.4 LIVE DATA__________________________________
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The LIVE DATA function allows real time viewing of the vehicles computer
module’s PID data. As the computer monitors the vehicle, information is
simultaneously transmitted to scan tool.
To start this function, go back to
the previous Menu (Figure 13)
and select ‘Live Data’ row as
shown (Figure 21).
Figure 21
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Press
key, the screen will
change to: (Figure 22 & 23)
Figure 22
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Use the
or
key to
view other sensors data.
key will return back to the main menu
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as
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To Exit this function, press
screen (Figure 13).
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Figure 23
3.4.1 - OBD-II Generic Operational Data Items____________
Range:
0 to 105 gm/sec
0 to 255 gm/sec
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Mass Air Flow (MAF)
High Performance Vehicles:
Mass air flow sensor input is used by the PCM (vehicle computer) to calculate fuel
delivery. As the air flow increases, the fuel delivery must also increase. The unit is
displayed in grams per second.
23
Calculated Load Value
Range:
0% to 100%
An indication of the current airflow divided by peak airflow, where peak airflow is
corrected for altitude, if available. This value is not engine specific. It gives the
service technician an indication of the percentage of engine capacity being used
(with a full load as 100%).
Commanded Secondary Air Status
Commanded Secondary Air provided to the exhaust system.
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Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) Range:
- 40 °C to 215 °C
The temperature of the vehicle coolant is used to determine when to transition into
closed loop and to calculate spark advance during cold starts. The PCM converts
the voltage from the sensor to a temperature.
Engine RPM - Engine Speed reading displayed in revolutions per minute.
Fuel Pressure (Gauge)
Range:
Fuel pressure of the fuel delivery system.
0 to 765 kPa G
Fuel System Status - Information describing the operation of the fuel control.
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Operating condition during engine warm up/idle in which the fuel
mixture is not being corrected to compensate for a rich/lean
condition.
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Open Loop -
Closed Loop - Operating condition in which the fuel mixture is being corrected for
a rich/lean condition.
Vehicle in Open Loop due to driving conditions (power enrichment,
deceleration).
OL Fault -
Vehicle in Open Loop due to a detected system fault.
in
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OL Drive -
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CL O2 Fault - Vehicle in Closed Loop, but a fault with at least one oxygen sensor
- may be using simple oxygen sensor for fuel control.
Ignition Timing Advance
Range:
- 64° to 63.5°
The relationship between ignition timing and top dead center, displayed in
crankshaft degrees.
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Intake Air Temperature (IAT)
Range:
- 40 °C to 215 °C
Temperature of the air drawn through a cleaner and distributed to each cylinder for
use in combustion.
Intake Manifold Pressure (MAP)
Range:
10 to 105 kPa, or 0 to 5 Volts
The manifold absolute pressure displayed in kilopascals or volts. A low reading will
indicate that the pressure is low (vacuum is high) and a high reading will indicate
that the pressure is high (vacuum is low).
Long Term Fuel Trim [Bank 1 / Bank 2] (L.T. Fuel Trim - B1/B2)
Long Term adjustments to the Bank 1 fuel calibration schedule which compensate
for vehicle differences and gradual changes that occur over time.
Range: -100.00% to 99.92% (-100% indicates a maximum lean condition,
99.92% indicates a maximum rich condition, and 0% indicates no
adjustment).
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CAN OBDII SCANNER User’s Manual
OBD-II Require
Requirement level for the On Board Diagnostics designed for the vehicle.
OBD-II (CARB) - Vehicle designed with OBD requirements for California
Air Resource Board OBDII.
OBD (Fed EPA) - Vehicle designed with OBD requirements for Federal
EPA OBD.
OBD and OBD-II - Vehicle designed with OBD requirements for OBD and
OBDII.
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OBD-I - Vehicle designed with OBD requirements for OBD-I.
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Not Intended - Vehicle not intended to meet any OBD requirements.
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Oxygen Sensor
The detection of Oxygen (O2) content in the exhaust gases. The sensor readings
are used by the PCM to help calculate the air-fuel mixture to maintain proper
vehicle performance.
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Short Term Fuel Trim [Bank 1/2] (S.T. Fuel Trim B1/B2)
Dynamic or instantaneous adjustments to the Bank 1 base fuel schedule.
Range: -100.00% to 99.92% (-100% indicates a maximum lean condition,
99.92% indicates a maximum rich condition, and 0% indicates no
adjustment).
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Vehicle Speed (MPH) - Sensor reading displayed in miles per hour.
25
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3.5 - FREEZE FRAME
When an emission-related fault has occurs, certain vehicle conditions are
recorded by the on-board computer. This information is referred to as Freeze
Frame data. It is a snapshot of the operating conditions at the time of an
emission-related fault had occurred.
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✓ FREEZE FRAME can be overwritten by faults with a higher priority.
✓ If DTCs were erased, it may not be stored in vehicle memory.
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To access to this function, go back to
the previous Menu (Figure 13) and
select “Freeze Frame” (Figure 24).
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Figure 24
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as
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Press
key the screen will
display the Freeze Frame data as
shown (Figure 25 &26).
Figure 25
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Use the
or
key to
view other sensors data.
Figure 26
To Exit this function, press
(Figure 13)
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key will return back to the main menu screen.
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CAN OBDII SCANNER User’s Manual
3.6 - MIL STATUS
When the vehicle on board computer detects a problem in the emission related
systems or components, its diagnostic program will assign a fault code (DTC) and
store it in its memory. It also records a “Freeze Frame” of the conditions present
when the fault was found and set the Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL) alight.
Some faults require detection for two trips in a row before the MIL is turned on.
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Three typical examples of MIL are shown below:
in
Definition of Trip
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Figure 27
in
as
‘A Trip’ is define as a Key-ON, Key-OFF event in which the powertrain control
module (PCM) detects the following:
o
• Engine coolant temperature should exceed 70 C
o
• Engine coolant temperature should change more than 20 C after starting the
engine.
• Engine speed should go over 400 RPM.
st
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When the powertain control module (PCM) detects a fault during the 1 trip, the
DTC and the corresponding ‘Freeze Frame’ data are stored in the PCM’s memory.
nd
The MIL will not light up until the fault is again detected during the 2 trip. Certain
DTCs are capable of turning the Malfunction Indicator Light (MIL) ‘ON’ or ‘blinking’
during the first trip.
27
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28
To access to this function, go back to
the previous Menu (Figure 13) and
select “MIL” (Figure 28)
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Figure 28
Figure 29
in
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Press
key, the screen will
display as shown (Figure 29).
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in
as
If there is no fault in the system, then
the screen will display as shown
(Figure 30).
To Exit this function, press
screen. (Figure 13)
Figure 30
key will return back to the main menu
28
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CAN OBDII SCANNER User’s Manual
3.7 - I/M [M&R Status]
The I/M (Inspection / Maintenance) [M&R Status] (Monitors and Readiness
Status) function is used to view a snapshot of the operations on the emission
system on OBD II vehicles.
✓ I/M [M&R Status] is a very useful function. To guarantee no faults exist
and to make sure all monitors are okay or not present and no DTCs
exist.
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✓ Always refer to the vehicles service manual for the Drive Cycle
operation.
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✓ During normal driving conditions, the vehicle’s computer scans the
Emission system. After a specific amount of drive time (each monitor
has specific driving conditions and time required), the computer’s
monitors decide if the vehicles emission system is working correctly
or not as well as detecting out of range values. When the monitor’s
status is:
NOT READY
The vehicle was not driven enough to complete the monitor or
when the scan tool had just performed “ERASE DTC” procedure
on the ECU (See Figure 37).
in
as
•
in
• READY OR N.A
The vehicle was driven enough to complete the monitor and it is
ready or completed. N.A means Not Available. (See “SUPPORTED”
and “NO SUPPORT” for clarification).
SUPPORTED
The vehicle supports this monitor and when it reports “READY OR
N.A.”, it means that it is ready. (See Figure 32 & 33)
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•
•
NO SUPPORT
The vehicle does not support this monitor and when it reports
“READY OR N.A”, it means that it is not available (See Figure 35
& 37).
✓ Depending on the vehicle, disconnecting or a discharged battery may
erase DTCs and clear monitor status.
29
✓ Monitors may be cleared by:
❒ Erasing DTCs
❒ Vehicle control modules losing power
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✓ I/M Readiness Monitor Status can be done with the KOER or KOEO.
To access to this function, go back to
the main Menu (Figure 13) and
select “I/M [M&R Status]”: (Figure 31)
Figure 31
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Figure 32
in
as
in
oy
Press
or
key to view
the rest of the monitors. (See some
examples shown below).
m
Press
key will enter this function
and the screen will display as shown
(Figure 32).
Figure 34
Figure 35
Figure 37
Figure 38
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Figure 33
Figure 36
30
To Exit this function, press
display screen (Figure 13).
Do-It-Auto
key will return back to the main menu
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CAN OBDII SCANNER User’s Manual
3.8- O2 (OXYGEN) SENSOR TEST
Oxygen or O2 sensors are used to provide information to the ECU the amount
of unconsumed Oxygen in the exhaust gas exiting from the tailpipe. With this
information, the ECU can determine the amount of Fuel / Air injection delivery
and try to reach the best Stoichometric ratio of 14.7 parts of fuel to 1 part of air
(14.7:1) for best burning effect without polluting the environments. This
proportion is known as Lambda.
m
A defective sensor can greatly affect the vehicle’s fuel consumption because it
allows the vehicle to use more fuel than what it should. Hence faulty sensors
need to be diagnosed and replaced promptly.
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But determining if the O2 sensor is really defective will need accurate diagnosis.
Equipments like this OBD2 code reader can be used for this purpose.
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The emission testing done by OBDII is more comprehensive than the tailpipe
test because unlike the traditional tailpipe test, which provides the emission
results of only a specific moment (only during testing), the OBD2 code reader
can monitor the vehicle emission at various moments when the vehicle is in
operation.
in
as
in
The first generation of OBD, called as OBDI provided a simplistic test to
determine the health of the oxygen sensor. Oxygen sensor testing using OBD1
involved determining if the sensor was stuck lean or rich for 30 seconds or more.
The OBDI systems didn’t have any way to determine the response time of the
oxygen sensors.
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Oxygen sensor testing using OBD2 does look at the response time as well. A
good upstream oxygen sensor produces an oscillating waveform that toggles
between 0.1V to 0.9V. The sensor indicates 0.1V for lean mixture and 0.9V for
rich air to fuel mixture. So the new OBD2 equipments can test how fast or slow
the oxygen sensor transitions between lean and rich mixture levels and hence
determines the response time of the oxygen sensor with known "good" values.
31
The response time of oxygen sensor may vary from 0.3 sec to 0.125 sec
(depending on the oxygen sensor specification). Slower response time could be
an indication of deposition of carbon or fuel on the sensor. Faster switching of
the oxygen sensor output can cause misfiring. Emission problems related to
engine misfire will make the OBDII lamp to flash. A P0300 code will be set in the
event of an engine misfire. Further diagnosis is needed to determine why the
cylinder is misfiring.
Another diagnosis that can be done using OBD2 system is determining the
efficiency of catalytic converter. The output of downstream oxygen sensor,
located after the catalyst is compared with the upstream oxygen sensor
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32
located before the catalytic converter. In an efficiently working catalytic
converter, the upstream oxygen sensor will switch between lean and rich
voltages, but the downstream oxygen sensor will have much fewer voltage
switching. If the converter efficiency is poor (due to contamination), the
downstream O2 sensor output will look like the upstream O2 sensor output;
that is the post cat oxygen sensor will switch more frequently between lean
and rich voltage levels just like the pre cat oxygen sensor.
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To help to understand the terms used during the test, please refer to the
pre-catalytic voltage sample waveform below: (Figure 39)
Descriptions
ch
in
as
Indicator
in
Figure 39
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Rich to Lean Threshold :
Lean to Rich Threshold:
Low Volt Switch Time Calc:
High Volt Switch Time Calc:
Rich to Lean Switch Time:
Lean to Rich Switch Time:
Test Cycle Volt - Min.:
Test Cycle Volt - Max.:
Time Between Transition:
Units
Volts
Volts
Sec
Sec
Sec
Sec
Volts
Volts
Sec
32
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CAN OBDII SCANNER User’s Manual
To enter into the O2 sensor test
function, go to the main menu
(Figure 13).
Press
key until “O2
SENSOR TEST” (Figure 40).
Figure 40
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Press
key will display the
menu as shown (Figure 41).
Select the oxygen sensor to be
tested and press
key.
oy
Figure 41
The screens will display the oxygen sensor data as shown in the examples below:
or
key to scroll up or down for more displays.
in
as
in
Note: Press
Figure 43
Figure 45
Figure 46
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Figure 42
Figure 44
33
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Figure 47
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Figure 48
Figure 49
34
Figure 50
Note:
oy
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There are car models that do not support this function; therefore the
display will show as below (Figure 51).
Figure 51
in
3.9 – Vehicle Information (VIN)
in
as
This Vehicle Information (VIN) function allows the Scan Tool to request the
vehicle’s VIN number, calibration ID(s) which identifies software version in
vehicle control module(s).
ch
✓ Vehicle Information (VIN) function applies to model year 2000 and
newer OBD II compliant vehicles.
✓ The Scan Tool cannot verify if data is incorrect for the scanned
vehicles.
To access to this function, go back to
the main Menu (Figure 13), press
34
key until “VIN” is found.
(Figure 52)
Figure 52
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CAN OBDII SCANNER User’s Manual
Press
key, the display will
show the Vehicle Info: (Figure 53)
Figure 53
4.0 - Appendix
4.1 - Appendix A – PID Definitions
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Global PID Definitions
All global parameter identification data (PID) listed was verified on actual vehicles
to guarantee accuracy. PID definitions were obtained from reliable sources and
are accurate at time of printing. It is possible that some newer vehicles may
contain data different from what is listed. Always refer to vehicle service manual
for manufacturer specific PIDs.
oy
Remember; always refer the applicable service manual for detailed diagnostic
procedures when troubleshooting PID values.
in
as
in
Types of Data Parameters
INPUT:
These data parameters are obtained from sensor circuit outputs.
Sensor circuit outputs are inputs to the vehicles PCM.
For example, if oxygen sensor circuit was generating a 400mV
signal, then the code reader would read O2S (v).40.
OUTPUT:
These data parameters are outputs or commands that come
directly from control module(s). For example, the ignition spark
advance is controlled by PCM, on most vehicles, monitoring this
PID shows spark output from PCM.
ch
CALCULATED These data parameters are calculated after analyzing
VALUE:
various inputs to the vehicles control module(s).
For example, the engine load. The PCM calculates this from
sensor inputs and displays in a percentage.
PCM VALUE:
35
NOTE:
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Information that is stored in the control module(s) memory and
determined to be useful to service technician. An example of this
is TROUBLE CODE values (DTC) that caused Freeze Frame to
be captured.
Several different causes can have the same parameter indication.
For information on diagnostics, please consult applicable Service
Manuals. The Scan Tool only displays the PID’s the vehicle
supports.
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in
as
in
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CAN OBDII SCANNER User’s Manual
36
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m
4.2 - Appendix B – Glossary
A/C:
Air Conditioner
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A/D:
Analog to Digital
in
ABS:
Anti-lock Brake System
oy
A/F:
Air/Fuel ratio. The proportion of air and fuel delivered to the cylinder for combustion.
For example, an A/F ratio of 14:1 denotes 14 times as much air as fuel in the mixture.
Ideally the A/F ratio is 14.7:1.
in
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A/C Clutch Relay:
The PCM uses this relay to energize the A/C clutch, turning the A/C compressor
ON or OFF.
A/C Pressure Sensor:
Measures air conditioning refrigerant pressure and sends a voltage signal to the
PCM.
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A/C Pressure Switch:
A mechanical switch connected to the A/C refrigerant line. The switch is activated
(sending a signal to the PCM) when the A/C refrigerant pressure becomes too low
or high.
Actuator:
Actuators such as relays, solenoids, and motors allow the PCM to control the
operation of vehicle systems.
37
Air Injection Reaction (AIR) System:
An emission control system operated by the PCM. During cold starts, an air pump
injects outside air into the exhaust manifold to help burn hot exhaust gases. This
reduces pollution and speeds warm-up of oxygen sensors and catalytic converters.
After the engine is warm, the air will either be dumped back to the atmosphere (or
into the air cleaner assembly) or sent to the catalytic converter.
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APP:
Acceleration Pedal Position (Sensor)
ASR:
Acceleration Slip Regulation
AFC:
Air Flow Control
ALDL:
Assembly Line Diagnostic Link. Former name for GM’s (only) Data Link Connector,
the connector socket into which the scan tool plug is inserted; sometimes used to
refer to any pre-OBD II computer signals
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Bank x:
The standard way of referring to the bank of cylinders containing cylinder #x.
In-line engines have only one bank of cylinders. Most commonly used to identify
the location of oxygen sensors. See O2S, Sensor x, Sensor x.
BBV:
Brake Boost Vacuum Sensor
in
BCM:
Body Control Module
oy
BARO:
Barometric Pressure Sensor. See MAP Sensor.
in
as
Boost Control Solenoid:
A solenoid that is energized by the PCM, in order to control turbo/supercharger
boost pressure.
Brake Switch Signal:
An input signal to the PCM indicating that the brake pedal is being pressed. This
signal is typically used to disengage Cruise Control systems and Torque
Converter Clutch (TCC) solenoids. See also TCC.
ch
CAM:
Camshaft Position Sensor. Sends a frequency signal to the PCM in order to
synchronize fuel injector and spark plug firing.
Catalytic Converter:
Designed to reduce exhaust emissions.
CAN:
Controller Area Network
CARB:
California Air Resources Board. Governing body for emissions control in
California.
CFI:
Central Fuel Injection (a.k.a. Throttle Body Fuel Injection TBI)
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CAN OBDII SCANNER User’s Manual
CFI:
Continuous Fuel Injection
CKP REF:
Crankshaft Position Reference.
CKP:
Crankshaft Position. See CPS.
CKT:
Circuit
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Closed Loop (CL):
A feedback system that uses the O2 Sensor(s) to monitor the results of combustion.
Based on the signal(s) from the O2 sensor(s), the PCM modifies the air/fuel mixture
to maintain optimum performance with lowest emissions. In closed loop mode, the
PCM can fine tune control of a system to achieve an exact result.
CMP:
Camshaft Position Sensor
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CO:
Carbon Monoxide; an odorless gas produced by incomplete combustion.
Code Scanner:
A device that interfaces with and communicates information via a data link.
in
Continuous Memory Codes: See Pending Codes.
in
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CPS:
Crankshaft Position Sensor. Sends a frequency signal to the PCM. It is used to as
reference for fuel injector operation and synchronizes spark plug firing on
distributorless ignition systems (DIS).
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CTS:
Coolant Temperature Sensor. A resistance sensor that sends a voltage signal
to the PCM indicating the temperature of the coolant. This signal tells the PCM
whether the engine is cold or warm.
CVRTD:
Continuous Variable Real Time Damping
D/R:
Drive/Reverse
39
Data Link Connector (DLC):
Connector providing access and/or control of the vehicle information, operating
conditions, and diagnostic information. Vehicles with OBD II use a 16-pin
connector located in the passenger compartment.
Data Stream:
The actual (live) data communications sent from the vehicle’s PCM to the data
connector (DLC).
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DEPS:
Digital Engine Position Sensor.
Detonation: See Knock.
DI/DIS:
Direct Ignition/Distributorless Ignition System. A system that produces the ignition
spark without the use of a distributor.
DPFE:
Differential Pressure Feedback – Exhaust Gas Recirculation Sensor
m
Driving Cycle - A specific sequence of start-up, warm-up and driving tasks that
tests all OBD II functions
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DTC:
Diagnostic Trouble Code. An alphanumeric identifier for a fault condition identified
by the On Board Diagnostic System.
in
EBCM:
Electronic Brake Control Module
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Duty Cycle:
A term applied to signals that switch between ON and OFF. Duty cycle is the
percentage of time the signal is ON. For example, if the signal is ON only one
fourth of the time, then the duty cycle is 25%. The PCM uses duty cycle type
signals to maintain precise control of an actuator.
EBTCM:
Electronic Brake/Traction Control Module
in
as
ECM
Engine Control Module or Electronic Control Module
ECT:
Engine Coolant Temperature sensor. See CTS.
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EEPROM or E2PROM
Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
EFE:
Early Fuel Evaporation
EFI:
Electronic Fuel Injection. Any system where a computer controls fuel delivery to
the engine by using fuel injectors.
EGR:
Exhaust Gas Recirculation. The PCM uses the EGR system to re-circulate
exhaust gases back into the intake manifold to reduce emissions. EGR is used
only during warm engine cruise conditions.
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CAN OBDII SCANNER User’s Manual
EMR:
Electronic Module Retard
EOP:
Engine Oil Pressure (Switch)
EOT
Engine Oil Temperature (Sensor)
EPA:
Environmental Protection Agency.
m
ESC:
Electronic Spark Control. An ignition system function that warns the PCM when
knock is detected. The PCM then retards spark timing to eliminate the knocking
condition.
in
FC:
Fan Control
oy
EVAP:
Evaporative Emissions System.
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EST:
Electronic Spark Timing. An ignition system that allows the PCM to control spark
advance timing. The PCM determines optimum spark timing from sensors
information — engine speed, throttle position, coolant temperature, engine load,
vehicle speed, Park/Neutral switch position, and knock sensor condition.
in
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Freeze Frame:
A block of memory containing DTCs of the vehicle operating conditions for a
specific time.
FTP:
Federal Test Procedure. Strict test of vehicle’s emissions.
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Fuel Trim:
Engine computer function that keeps the air/fuel mixture as close to the ideal
14.7:1 stoichiometric ratio as possible.
Ground (GND):
An electrical conductor used as a common return for an electric circuit(s) and with
a relative zero potential (voltage).
41
Hall Effect Sensor:
Any of a type of sensor utilizing a permanent magnet and a transistorized Hall
Effect switch. Hall Effect type sensors may be used to measure speed and
position of the crankshaft or camshaft — for spark timing and fuel injector
control.
HC:
Hydrocarbons
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HEI:
High Energy Ignition
HO2S:
Heated Oxygen Sensor. See O2S.
HVAC:
Heating, Ventilation & Air Conditioning (System)
I/M:
Inspection and Maintenance. An emission control program.
m
IAC:
Idle Air Control. A device mounted on the throttle body which adjusts the amount
of air bypassing a closed throttle so that the PCM can control idle speed.
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IAT:
Intake Air Temperature (Sensor)
IMRC:
Intake Manifold Runner Control
in
IPC:
Instrument Panel Cluster
oy
ICM:
Ignition Control Module.
in
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ISC:
Idle Speed Control. A small electric motor mounted on the throttle body and
controlled by the PCM. The PCM can control idle speed by commanding the ISC
to adjust its position.
ISO:
International Organization of Standardization also known as International
Standards Organization.
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ISO 9141:
International Standards Organization OBDII communication protocol, used by
Chrysler and most foreign cars. One of three hardware layers defined by OBD II
J1850 PWM:
(Pulse Width Modulation) SAE-established OBD II communication protocol used
by Ford domestic cars and light trucks. One of three hardware layers defined by
OBD II
J1850 VPW:
(Variable Pulse Width Modulation) SAE-established OBD II communication
protocol used by GM cars and light trucks. One of three hardware layers defined
by OBD II
J1962 – SAE:
Established standard for the connector plug layout used for all OBD II scan tools
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J1978 – SAE:
Established standard for OBD II scan tools
J1979 – SAE:
Established standard for diagnostic test modes
J2012 – SAE:
Established standard accepted by EPA as the standard test report language for
emission tests
KAM:
Keep Alive Memory
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Knock Sensor (KS):
Used to detect engine detonation or knock. The sensor contains a piezoelectric
element and is threaded into the engine block. Special construction makes the
element sensitive only to engine vibrations associated with detonation.
Knock:
Uncontrolled ignition of the air/fuel mixture in the cylinder. Also referred to as
detonation or ping. Knock indicates extreme cylinder pressures or “hotspots”
which are causing the air/fuel mixture to detonate prematurely.
oy
KOEO:
Key On Engine Off. Turn the ignition key to on, but do not start engine.
in
as
LCD:
Liquid Crystal Display
in
KOER:
Key On Engine Running. Start engine and keep it running.
LTFT:
Long Term Fuel Trim
M/T:
Manual transmission or manual transaxle.
ch
MAF:
Mass Air Flow (sensor). Measures the amount and density of air entering the
engine and sends a frequency or voltage signal to the PCM. The PCM uses this
signal in its fuel delivery calculations.
MAP:
Manifold Absolute Pressure (sensor). Measures intake manifold vacuum or
pressure and sends a frequency or voltage signal (depending on sensor type) to
the PCM. This gives the PCM information on engine load for control of fuel delivery,
spark advance, and EGR flow.
43
MAT:
Manifold Air Temperature (sensor). A resistance sensor in the intake manifold that
sends a voltage signal to the PCM indicating the temperature of the incoming air.
The PCM uses this signal for fuel delivery calculations.
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MIL:
Malfunction Indicator Lamp. The MIL is most commonly known as the Check
Engine or Service Engine Soon light. A required on-board indicator to alert the
driver of an emission-related malfunction.
Misfire:
Caused by the air/fuel ratio being incorrect.
Monitor:
A test performed by the on-board computer to verify proper operation of
emission-related systems or components.
m
MPFI or MFI:
Multi-Port Fuel Injection. MPFI is a fuel injection system using one (or more)
injector(s) for each cylinder. The injectors are mounted in the intake manifold,
and fired in groups rather than individually.
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NOx:
Oxides of Nitrogen. The system EGR and Camshafts injects exhaust gases into
the intake manifold to reduce these gases at the tailpipe.
in
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O2S:
Oxygen Sensor. Generates a voltage of 0.6 to 1.1 volts when the exhaust gas is
rich (low oxygen content). The voltage changes to 0.4 volts or less when the
exhaust gas is lean (high oxygen content). This sensor only operates after it
reaches a temperature of approximately 349ºC (660ºF). O2 sensors are usually
found both upstream and downstream of the catalytic converter. The PCM uses
these sensors to fine tune the air-fuel ratio and to monitor the efficiency of the
catalytic converter. See Bank 1, Bank 2, Sensor 1, Sensor 2.
in
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OBD II:
On-Board Diagnostics, Second Generation. OBD II is a U.S. Government
mandated standard requiring all cars and light trucks to have a common data
connector, connector location, communication protocol, DTCs and code definitions.
OBD II first appeared on vehicles in late 1994, and is required to be present on all
cars sold in the US after January 1, 1996.
ch
ODM:
Output Device Monitor.
Open Loop (OL):
A control system mode that does not monitor the output to verify if the desired
results were achieved. A fuel delivery system usually operates in open loop
mode during cold engine warm-up because the oxygen sensors are not yet
ready to send a signal. Without the oxygen sensor signal, the computer cannot
check the actual results of combustion.
PCM:
Powertrain Control Module. The brains of the engine and transmission control
systems housed in a metal box with a number of sensors and actuators
connected via a wiring harness. Its job is to control fuel delivery, idle speed,
spark advance timing, and emission systems. The PCM receives information
from sensors, then energizes various actuators to control the engine. The PCM
is also known as the ECM (Engine Control Module).
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PCV:
Positive Crankcase Ventilation
Pending Codes:
Also referred to as Continuous Memory codes and Maturing Diagnostic Trouble
Codes. Pending Codes may be set by emission related powertrain components
and systems. If the fault does not occur after a certain number of drive cycles,
the code is erased from memory.
PID:
Parameter Identification. Identifies an address in memory which contains vehicle
operating information.
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PNP:
Park/Neutral Position. A switch that tells the PCM when the gear shift lever is in
the Park or Neutral position. When in Park or Neutral, the PCM operates the
engine in an idle mode.
PROM:
Programmable Read-Only Memory. The PROM contains programming
information the PCM needs to operate a specific vehicle model/engine
combination.
in
PSPS:
Power Steering Pressure Switch
oy
Proprietary Readings:
Parameters shown by on-board computers which are not required by OBD II, but
included by manufacturer to assist in trouble-shooting specific vehicles.
in
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Purge Solenoid:
Controls the flow of fuel vapors from the carbon canister to the intake manifold.
The canister collects vapors evaporating from the fuel tank, preventing them
from escaping to the atmosphere and causing pollution. During warm engine
cruise conditions, the PCM energizes the Purge Solenoid so the trapped vapors
are drawn into the engine and burned.
ch
PTC:
Pending Trouble Code
PWM:
Pulse Width Modulation
PZM:
Platform Zone Module
QDM:
Quad Driver Module
45
RAM:
Random Access Memory
Relay:
An electromechanical device in which connections in one circuit are switched.
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Reluctance Sensor:
A type of sensor typically used to measure crankshaft or camshaft speed and/or
position, driveshaft speed, and wheel speed.
ROM:
Read-Only Memory. Permanent programming information stored inside the
PCM, containing the information the PCM needs to operate a specific vehicle
model/engine combination.
RPM:
Revolutions Per Minute
m
SAE:
Society of Automotive Engineers.
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Scan Tool:
A device that interfaces with and communicates information on a data link.
SDM:
Sensing and Diagnostic Module
oy
Sensor x:
A standard term used to identify the location of oxygen sensors. Sensor 1 is
located upstream of the catalytic converter. See O2S, Bank 1, Bank 2.
in
Sensor:
Any device that reports information to the PCM. The job of the sensor is to
convert a parameter such as engine temperature into an electrical signal that the
PCM can understand.
in
as
SES:
Service Engine Soon dash light, now referred to as MIL
SFI or SEFI:
Sequential Fuel Injection or Sequential Electronic Fuel Injection. A fuel injection
system that uses one or more injectors for each cylinder. The injectors are
mounted in the intake manifold and are fired individually.
ch
Solenoid:
A device consisting of an electrical coil which when energized, produces a
magnetic field in a plunger, which is pulled to a central position. A solenoid may
be used as an actuator in a valve or switch.
STFT:
Short Term Fuel Trim.
STS:
Service Throttle Soon
46
TAC:
Throttle Actuator Control
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TBI:
Throttle Body Injection. A fuel injection system having one or more injectors
mounted in a centrally located throttle body, as opposed to positioning the
injectors close to an intake valve port. TBI is also called Central Fuel Injection
(CFI) in some vehicles.
TCC:
Torque Converter Clutch
TCM:
Transmission Control Module
m
TCS:
Traction Control System for PCM and brakes
TFP:
Transmission Fluid Pressure
oy
TFT:
Transmission Fluid Temperature (Sensor)
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TDC:
Top Dead Center. When a piston is at its uppermost position in the cylinder.
in
as
in
Throttle Body:
A device which performs the same function as a carburetor in a fuel injection
system. On a throttle body injection (TBI) system, the throttle body is both the
air door and the location of the fuel injectors. On port fuel injection systems (PFI,
MPFI, SFI, etc.), the throttle body is simply an air door. Fuel is not added until
the injectors at each intake port are activated. In each case, the throttle body is
attached to the accelerator pedal.
ch
TPS:
Throttle Position Sensor. Potentiometer-type sensor connected to the throttle shaft.
Its voltage signal output increases as the throttle is opened. The PCM uses this
signal to control many systems such as idle speed, spark advance, fuel delivery,
etc
.
Traction Assist:
Assist in traction with brakes only.
Trip:
Vehicle operation for a period of time so the systems can be monitored.
TTS:
Transmission Temperature Sensor. A resistance sensor mounted in the
transmission housing in contact with the transmission fluid. It sends a voltage
signal to the PCM indicating the temperature of the transmission.
47
VECI:
Vehicle Emission Control Information. A decal located in the engine compartment
containing information about the emission control systems found on the vehicle.
The VECI is the authoritative source for determining whether a vehicle is OBD II
compliant.
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VIN:
Vehicle Identification Number. This is the factory-assigned vehicle serial number.
This number is stamped on a number of locations throughout the vehicle, but the
most prominent location is on top of the dashboard on the driver’s side, visible
from outside the car. The VIN includes information about the car, including where
it was built, body and engine codes, options, and a sequential build number.
VSS:
Vehicle Speed Sensor. Sends a frequency signal to the PCM. The frequency
increases as the vehicle moves faster to give the PCM vehicle speed information
used to determine shift points, engine load, and cruise control functions.
m
VTD:
Vehicle Theft Deterrent
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Warm-up Cycle:
Warm-up cycle is when the engine coolant temperature rises at least 40 degrees
above that at engine start up.
in
oy
WOT:
Wide-Open Throttle. The vehicle operating condition brought about when the
throttle is completely (or nearly) open. The PCM typically delivers extra fuel to the
engine and de-energizes the A/C compressor at this time for acceleration
purposes. The PCM uses a switch or the TPS to identify the WOT condition.
4.3 - Appendix C –Support Vehicle Models List(part)
A
in
as
Note: Specific parameters supported are dependent on; year and make,
engine, transmission, options, etc.
ch
Acura 2.3CL
Acura 2.5TL
Acura 3.0CL
Acura 3.2CL
Acura 3.2TL
Acura 3.5RL
Acura Integra
Acura MDX
Acura NSX
Acura RSX
Acura SLX
Acura TSX
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Audi A3
Audi A4
Audi A6
Audi A8
Audi A8L
Audi All road
Audi Cabriolet
Audi S4
Audi S6
Audi S8
Audi TT
48
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CAN OBDII SCANNER User’s Manual
B
BMW M3
BMW X3
BMW X5
BMW Z3
BMW Z4
BMW 320i
BMW 320iA
BMW 323i
BMW 323Ti
BMW 325Ci
BMW 325i
BMW 330Ci
BMW 330i
BMW 530i
BMW 545i
BMW 745i
BMW 745Li
BMW 760Li
m
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Chevrolet Astro, AWD
Chevrolet Avalanche
Chevrolet Aveo
Chevrolet B7-Chassis
Chevrolet Blazer, 2WD, 4WD
Chevrolet C-Series
Chevrolet C1500, 2WD
Chevrolet C2500 2WD, 08600
Chevrolet C3500, 2WD
Chevrolet Camaro
Chevrolet Cavalier
Chevrolet Prizm
Chevrolet S-10 2WD
Chevrolet S10
Chevrolet Silv O8600 GVW
Chevrolet Silv. 2500 HD
Chevrolet Silv. 3500 2WD
Chevrolet Silverado
Chevrolet SSR
Chevrolet Suburban
Chevrolet Tahoe
ch
49
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Chevrolet Cobalt 2.0L, 2.2L
Chevrolet Colorado
Chevrolet Corvette
Chevrolet Equinox
Chevrolet Express, Acces
Chevrolet G2500 Van
Chevrolet Impala
Chevrolet K1500
Chevrolet K2500 O8600
Chevrolet K3500
Chevrolet Lumina
Chevrolet Malibu
Chevrolet MD B7-Chassis
Chevrolet MD C-Series
Chevrolet MD T-Series
Chevrolet MD W4 Series
Chevrolet MD WT5500
Chevrolet Medium Duty
Chevrolet Metro
Chevrolet Monte Carlo
oy
in
C
Cadillac Catera
Cadillac CTS
Cadillac DeVille
Cadillac DHS
Cadillac DTS
Cadillac Seville
Cadillac STS
Cadillac XLR
Buick Allure Buick LaCrosse
Buick LeSabre
Buick Park Avenue
Buick Rainier
Buick Rendezvous 3.6
Buick Terraza
Chevrolet Tracker
Chevrolet Trailblazer
Chevrolet Uplander
Chevrolet Venture
Chevrolet W4 Series
Chevrolet WT5500
Chrysler 300 Tour. AWD
Chrysler 300 Touring
Chrysler 300M
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Chrysler Neon
Chrysler Pacifica, AWD
Chrysler Sebring Convertible, Coupe, Sedan
Chrysler Town & Country
Chrysler Voyager
Chrysler Cirrus
Chrysler Concorde
Chrysler Crossfire
Chrysler Intrepid
Chrysler LHS
D
Daewoo Lanos
Daewoo Leganza
Daewoo Nubira
Dodge Neon, AWD
Dodge Ram 1500 4X2, 4X4
Dodge Ram 2500 4X2, 4X4
Dodge Ram 3500 4X2, 4X4
Dodge Ram SRT-10
Dodge Ram Van 1500, 2500, 3500
Dodge Ram Wagon 1500, 2500, 3500
Dodge Sprinter
Dodge SRT-4
Dodge Stealth
Dodge Stratus, Coupe, Sedan
Dodge Viper
oy
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Dodge Avenger
Dodge Caravan
Dodge
Colt
Dodge Dakota 4X2, 4X4
Dodge Durango 4X2, 4X4
Dodge Grand Caravan
Dodge Intrepid
Dodge Magnum,
E
Eagle Talon
in
Eagle Summit
F
in
as
Ford Aspire
Ford Club Wagon
Ford Contour
Ford Crown Victoria
Ford E-Super Duty
Ford Econoline, E150, E250
Ford Econoline E350, E450
Ford Escape
Ford Escort
Ford Excursion
Ford Exp Sport Trac
Ford Expedition
Ford Explorer, Sport, Postal
Ford F-150, Heritage, Reg. Cab
Ford F-150 Super Cab
Ford F-250, Reg. Cab,
Ford F-250 Super Cab
ch
50
Ford Five Hundred
Ford Focus
Ford GT
Ford Freestar
Ford Freestyle
Ford Motorhome
Ford Mustang
Ford Ranger
Ford Super Club
Ford Super Van
Ford Super Duty
Ford Taurus
Ford Thunderbird
Ford Windstar
Ford ZX2
50
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CAN OBDII SCANNER User’s Manual
G
H
ch
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oy
in
as
Honda Accord
Honda Civic
Honda CR-V
Honda Element
Honda Insight
Honda Odyssey
Honda Passport 2WD
Honda Passport 4WD
Honda Pilot
Honda Prelude
Honda S2000
in
GM of Canada Firefly
GMC C-Series
GMC C1500
GMC C2500 O8600
GMC C3500
GMC Canyon
GMC Envoy, XL, XUV
GMC Jimmy, 2WD, 4WD
GMC Jimmy 4X2, 4x4
GMC K1500, 4WD
GMC K2500 O8600
GMC K2500 U8600
GMC K3500, 4WD
GMC MD B7-Chassis
GMC MD C-Series
GMC MD T-Series
GMC MD W4 Series
GMC MD WT5500
GMC Medium Duty
GMC P35 Comm
GMC Safari, AWD, RWD
GMC Savanna
GMC Sierra
GMC Sierra 2500 HD, 2WD
GMC Sierra 3500 HD, 4WD
GMC Sierra C3 AWD
GMC Sierra Denali
GMC Sierra PHT
GMC Sonoma, 3WD, 4WD
GMC Suburban 2WD, 4WD
GMC Suburban O8600
GMC Suburban U8600
GMC T-Series
GMC W4 Series
GMC WT5500
GMC Yukon, 2WD, 4WD
GMC Yukon Denali
GMC Yukon XL
GMC Yukon XL 2WD
GMC Yukon XL 4WD
GMC Yukon XL Denali
m
Geo Metro
Geo Prizm
Geo Tracker
Hummer H2
Hyundai Accent
Hyundai Elantra
Hyundai Elantra Wagon
Hyundai Santa Fe
Hyundai Sonata
Hyundai Tiburon
Hyundai Tuscon
Hyundai XG300
Hyundai XG350
I
51
Infiniti FX35
Infiniti FX45
Infiniti G20
Infiniti G20t
Infiniti G35
Infiniti I30
Infiniti I30t
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Infiniti I35
Infiniti M45
Infiniti Q45
Infiniti Q45t
Infiniti QX4
Infiniti QX56
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Isuzu Amigo
Isuzu Ascender
Isuzu Axiom
52
Isuzu Hombre
Isuzu Oasis
J
Jaguar S-Type
Jaguar X-Type
Jaguar XJ
Jaguar XK
Jeep Cherokee
Jeep Grand Cherokee
Jeep Liberty
Jeep Liberty 4x2, 4X4
Jeep Wrangler
m
K
Kia Amanti
Kia Optima
Kia Rio
Kia Rio Cinco
Kia Sedona
.co
Kia Sephia
Kia Sorento
Kia Spectra
Kia Sportage
ch
in
as
Lexus ES 300
Lexus ES 330
Lexus ES300
Lexus GS 300
Lexus GS 430
Lexus GS300
Lexus GS400
Lexus GX 470
Lexus GX 470
Lexus IS 300
Lexus LS 430
in
Land Rover Discovery
Land Rover Freelander
Land Rover Range Rover 75
oy
L
Lexus LS400
Lexus LX 470
Lexus LX450
Lexus LX470
Lexus RX 300
Lexus SC 430
Lexus SC300
Lexus SC400
Lincoln Aviator
Lincoln Blackwood
Lincoln Continental
Lincoln LS
Lincoln Navigator
Lincoln Town Car
M
Mazda 626
Mazda B-2300
Mazda B-2500
Mazda B-3000
Mazda B-4000
Mazda Mazda3
Mazda Mazda6
Mazda Miata
Mazda Miata
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Mazda Spd
Mazda Miata MX-5
Mazda Millenia
Mazda MPV
Mazda Protege
Mazda Tribute
52
Mercedes Benz C200 K
Mercedes Benz C200 KT
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Mercedes Benz SL350
Mercedes Benz SL500 (129)
Mercedes Benz SL55 AMG (129)
Mercedes Benz SL600 (129)
Mercedes Benz SLK200K
Mercedes Benz SLK230 (170)
Mercedes Benz SLK320 (170)
Mercedes Benz SLK320 AMG
Mercedes Benz SLK32AMG (170)
Mercedes Benz SLK350
m
Mercury Cougar
Mercury Grand Marquis
Mercury Marauder
Mercury Mariner
Mercury Montego
Mercury Monterey
Mercury Mountaineer
Mercury Mystique
Mercury Sable
Mercury Villager
ch
in
as
in
oy
Mercedes Benz C240 (203)
Mercedes Benz C32 AMG (203)
Mercedes Benz C320 (203)
Mercedes Benz C43 AMG (202)
Mercedes Benz C55 AMG
Mercedes Benz CL200 K
Mercedes Benz CL230 K
Mercedes Benz CL500 (140)
Mercedes Benz CL500 (215)
Mercedes Benz CL55 AMG (215)
Mercedes Benz CL600 (140)
Mercedes Benz CL600 (215)
Mercedes Benz CL600 (215)
Mercedes Benz CLK320 (208)
Mercedes Benz CLK430 (208)
Mercedes Benz CLK500 (208)
Mercedes Benz CLK55AMG (208)
Mercedes Benz E320 (210)
Mercedes Benz E430 (210)
Mercedes Benz E500 (210)
Mercedes Benz E55 AMG (210)
Mercedes Benz G500 (463)
Mercedes Benz G55 AMG (463)
Mercedes Benz ML320 (163)
Mercedes Benz ML350 (163)
Mercedes Benz ML430 (163)
Mercedes Benz ML500 (163)
Mercedes Benz ML55 AMG (163)
Mercedes Benz S430 (220)
Mercedes Benz S500 (220)
Mercedes Benz S500L
Mercedes Benz S55 AMG (220)
Mercedes Benz S600 (220)
Mercedes Benz S600L
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53
Mitsubishi 3000GT
Mitsubishi 3000GT Spyder
Mitsubishi Diamante
Mitsubishi Eclipse
Mitsubishi Eclipse Spyder
Mitsubishi Endeavor
Mitsubishi Gallant
Mitsubishi Lancer
Mitsubishi Mirage
Mitsubishi Montero
Mitsubishi Montero Sport
Mitsubishi Outlander
N
Nissan 350Z
Nissan Altima
Nissan Frontier
Nissan Maxima
Nissan Murano
Nissan Armada
Nissan Pathfinder
Nissan Quest
Nissan Sentra
Nissan Titan
Nissan Xterra
53
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54
O
Oldsmobile Cutlass
Oldsmobile Eighty Eight
Oldsmobile Intrigue
Oldsmobile LSS
Oldsmobile Alero
Oldsmobile Aurora
Oldsmobile Bravada
Saab 9-3
Saab 9-5
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Saturn Ion, 2.0L, 2.2L
Saturn LS, LW
Saturn Relay
Saturn SC1, SC2
Saturn SL, SC, SW
Saturn SL1, SL2
Saturn SW1, SW2
Saturn VUE
Plymouth Breeze
Plymouth Colt
Plymouth Grand Voyager
Plymouth Neon
Plymouth Prowler
Plymouth Voyager
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Porsche 911
Porsche 911 Carrera
Porsche Boxster
Porsche Cayenne
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Pontiac Aztek
Pontiac Bonneville
Pontiac Firebird
Pontiac G6
Pontiac Grand Am
Pontiac Grand Prix
Pontiac GTO
Pontiac Montana
Pontiac Montana SV6
Pontiac Pursuit
Pontiac Sunfire
Pontiac Vibe
Pontiac Vibe 1.8L LV6
Scion TC
Scion XA
Scion XB
Subaru Baja
Subaru Forester
Subaru Impreza
Subaru Legacy
Subaru Outback
Subaru SVX
Suzuki Aerio
Suzuki Esteem
Suzuki Forenza
Suzuki Grand Vitara
Suzuki Sidekick
Suzuki Swift
Suzuki Verona
Suzuki Vitara
Suzuki X-90
Suzuki XL-7
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Toyota 4-Runner
Toyota Avalon
Toyota Camry
Toyota Camry Solara
Toyota Celica
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Toyota Corolla
Toyota Echo
Toyota Highlander
Toyota Land Cruiser
Toyota Matrix
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CAN OBDII SCANNER User’s Manual
Toyota MR2
Toyota MR2 Spider
Toyota Paseo
Toyota Previa
Toyota Rav4
Toyota Sequoia
Toyota Sienna
Toyota T-100
Toyota Tacoma
Toyota Tercel
Toyota Tundra
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Volkswagen Touareg
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Volvo C70
Volvo S40
Volvo S60
Volvo S80
Volvo V40
Volvo V70
Volvo XC70
Volvo XC90
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Volkswagen Beetle
Volkswagen Bora
Volkswagen Eurovan L5
Volkswagen Eurovan VR6
Volkswagen Golf A3
Volkswagen Golf A4
Volkswagen GTI
Volkswagen Jetta A3
Volkswagen Jetta A4
Volkswagen Passat
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- Supports ISO, VPW and PWM bus systems as well as CAN bus systems
- U.S. Models - European - Japanese - Asian - German - Korean:
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- Suitable for almost all cars after 1996 .
- GM '96 - Current Year (OBD-II / EOBD)
- Ford '96 - Current Year (OBD-II / EOBD)
- Chrysler '96 - Current Year (OBD-II / EOBD)
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- Toyota '96 - Current Year (OBD-II / EOBD)
- Honda '96 - Current Year (OBD-II / EOBD)
- NISSAN '96 - Current Year (OBD-II / EOBD)
- All other - Asian and European '96 - Current Year (OBD-II / EOBD)
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CAN OBDII
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4.4 - Appendix D –What is EOBD, EOBD2 and OBD-II
What is EOBD?
EOBD is an abbreviation of European On-Board Diagnostics.
All petrol cars sold within Europe since 1 Jan 2001, and diesel cars manufactured
from 2003, must have on-board diagnostic systems to monitor engine emissions.
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These systems were introduced in line with European Directive 98/69/EC to monitor
and reduce emissions from cars.
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All such cars must also have a standard EOBD diagnostic socket that provides
access to this system (as shown below).
The EOBD / ODBII 16-pin diagnostic connector (DLC)
Where is the connector?
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The EOBD connector is required by the Directive to be located within the passenger
compartment of the car, within reach of the driver's seat. Tools should not be required
to reveal the connector, but it may have a removable cover over it.
What does the connector look like?
The connector has the following shape:
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CAN OBDII SCANNER User’s Manual
Which pins contacts should be present on the connector?
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Different pins on the connector are used by different manufacturers. There are 5 pin
out combinations within the standard, each of which uses a specific communications
protocol. These are listed below:
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Note: For ISO/KWP2000 communications, pin 15 (L-line) is not always required. Pin
15 was used on earlier ISO/KWP2000 cars to "wake-up" the ECU before
communication could begin on pin 7 (K-Line). Later cars tend to communicate using
only pin 7 (K-Line).
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Rover and MG cars: We have noticed that many Rover and MG models do not have
pin 5 (Signal Ground). This can prevent some diagnostic tools from 'powering up'
where they use pin 5 as the ground for the circuitry.
What are each of the pins used for?
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The pins are used as follows:
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CAN OBDII SCANNER User’s Manual
- 58 -
Additional pins may be wired on your car - these may be used by the vehicle
Manufacturer for other purposes.
Which protocol is used by each manufacturer?
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As a rough guide, the protocols are generally found on cars from the following
manufacturers:
Only the latest scan tools and code readers can be relied upon to read the diagnostic
information through the EOBD socket.
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'Check Engine' light
The 'Check Engine' warning light on the dashboard is often the first sign that the car
owner knows about a problem with his car.
This provides very little information to the owner, or to the technician when asked to
investigate the problem.
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CAN OBDII SCANNER
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CAN OBDII SCANNER User’s Manual
Problem diagnosis
With the modern tools, skilled technicians should be able to diagnose and solve many
of the problems, which prior to this, required the sophisticated console tools of main
dealers.
New technology
The introduction of European on-board diagnostics standards has opened up new
opportunities for car workshops and owners.
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A range of low-cost tools are now available to read and clear error codes, to view
live/stored readings from sensors within the car, and to switch off the 'Check Engine'
light.
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What information is available?
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EOBD systems monitor and store information from sensors throughout the car, e.g.
air flow sensors, oxygen sensors, etc.
EOBD or OBD II?
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Sensor values outside an acceptable range will trigger a Diagnostic Trouble Code
(DTC). The Scan tools can display and interpret these codes. Some Scan Tools will
also provide ‘Live Data’ of the sensors output.
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On-Board Diagnostics, or OBD, was the name given to the early emission control and
engine-management systems introduced in cars. There is no single OBD standard
and each manufacturer, often using quite different systems (even between individual
car models).
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OBD systems have been developed and enhanced, in line with United States
government requirements, into the current OBD II standard.
The OBD II Federal requirements apply to cars sold in the United States from 1996.
EOBD is the European equivalent of the American OBD II standard, which applies to
petrol cars sold in Europe from 2001 (and for diesel cars 3 years later).
Why do OBDII and EOBD tools not work on all cars from 1996 in the
UK and Europe?
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Some of our most frequently asked questions on our OBDII and EOBD
tools are:
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CAN OBDII SCANNER User’s Manual
- 60 -
"I have seen these/similar products advertised as working on all 1996
and newer cars - why don't yours?"
"I've just bought an OBDII/EOBD tool from someone else that was
advertised as working with all 1996 and newer cars.
Why doesn't it work on my [1999 Vauxhall Vectra]?"
Here is the answer...
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In 1996 in the United States, a Federal Law came into force requiring all
US-sold cars to be OBDII compliant. Most OBDII tools are therefore
advertised as working with all cars from 1996.
The OBDII Federal Law applied only to cars sold in the US.
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In the UK and the rest of Europe, the equivalent law (European On-Board
Diagnostics, or EOBD) did not come into force, and more importantly, was
not fully implemented by our car manufacturers, until 2001 for petrol cars
(2003/4 for diesels).
Where an OBDII tool is sold in the UK/Europe claiming to work on all cars
from 1996, this is highly unlikely to be the case.
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Even where a seemingly identical car may have been sold in Europe and
the US before 2001, from our own testing and research, it is rarely the
case that the European model will be OBDII/EOBD compliant.
The fact that we sell these tools as only working with 2001 and newer
petrol (and similarly 2003/4 diesels) is due to the fact that we are being
honest in the coverage, rather than simply duplicating the sales
information from the US.
So do these tools work with any UK/European cars before 2001?
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Yes they do, but certainly not across the board, and very rarely back as
far as 1996. A few manufacturers that we know have some OBDII/EOBD
support (on petrol models) before 2001 are listed below:
Ford (most petrol cars using the EEC-V engine management system)
Jaguar (most models from the beginning of the X300 series)
Volvo (some models)
A few examples of manufacturers that we have had very little success
connecting OBDII/EOBD tools on pre-2001 models are:
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CAN OBDII SCANNER User’s Manual
Vauxhall
Peugeot
Citroen
Fiat
Please be aware that we do not try to sell these tools as something they
are not.
What is EOBD2?
EOBD2 is not a new version of EOBD.
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Where EOBD stands for 'European On-Board Diagnostics', EOBD2 actually stands
for 'Enhanced On-Board Diagnostics, Second Generation'.
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EOBD2 tends to refer to manufacturer-specific features available on some
OBDII/EOBD tools to access additional parameters/information from a car, over and
above the normal parameters and information available within the EOBD/OBDII
standard.
EOBD2 features are normally highly manufacturer-specific, and will usually only be
available for a certain car manufacturer, e.g. Ford.
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There are, as such, no 'EOBD2 cars', i.e. cars that require an EOBD2 tool to access
their diagnostics information. EOBD2 functionality might however allow more
information to be extracted from an EOBD/OBDII compliant car.
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CAN OBDII SCANNER User’s Manual
- 62 -
5.0 - Notice
5.1 – Disclaimer
All information, illustrations, and specifications contained in this user manual are
based on the latest information available at the time of printing. The right is reserved
to make any changes at any time without obligation to notify any person or
organization of such revisions or changes.
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Furthermore, the manufacturer or its sales agents are not liable for errors contained
herein or for incidental or consequential damages (including lost profits) in connection
with the furnishing, performance or use of this material.
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This user manual tells how to use and perform the required procedures on vehicles.
Safe and effective use of this Scan tool is very much dependant on the user following
the normal practices and procedures outline in this manual.
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6.0 - Warranty Information
6.1 – Limited Warranty
Within the warranty period, the manufacturer will repair or replace, at their
options, any defective parts and return to the owner in good working
condition.
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1.
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This limited warranty cover defects in materials and workmanship for a period of
twelve (12) months which begins from the date the product is purchased by the end
user and is subjected to the following terms and conditions:
2.
Any repaired or replaced parts will be warranted for the balance of the
original warranty or three months (3) months from the date of repair,
whichever is longer.
3.
This warranty only extends to the first owner and not assignable or
transferable to any subsequent owner.
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4.
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Cost of delivery charges incurred for the repair of the product to and from
the manufacturer will be borne by the owner.
CAN OBDII SCANNER
Email: [email protected]
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CAN OBDII SCANNER User’s Manual
5.
This limited warranty covers only those defects that arises as a result of
normal use and does not cover those that arises as a result of:
•
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•
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6.2 - Limitations of Warranty
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Unauthorized modifications and repair.
Improper operation or misuse.
Accident or neglect such as dropping the unit onto hard surfaces.
Contact with water, rain or extreme humidity.
Contact with extreme heat.
Cables that have broken, bent contact pins or subject to extreme stress
or wear.
Physical damage to the product surface including scratches, cracks or other
damage to the display screen or other externally exposed parts.
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Other than the foregoing limited warranty, the manufacturer does not make any
other warranty or condition of any kind, whether express or implied.
Any implied warranty of merchantability, or fitness for use shall be limited to the
duration of the foregoing limited warranty.
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Otherwise, the foregoing limited warranty is the owner’s sole and exclusive
remedy and is in lieu of all other warranties whether express or implied.
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The manufacturer or any of its exclusive sales agents shall not be liable for any
consequential or incidental damages or losses arising of the loss of uses of this
product.
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All warranty information, product features and specifications are subjected to
change without prior notice.
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CAN OBDII SCANNER
Email: [email protected]
MSN: [email protected]
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Skype: cnsinoy
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