Flip Video: A White Paper

Flip Video: A White Paper
Flip Video: A White Paper
Casey Davis
[email protected]
Date Completed: March 5, 2011
This white paper was written as an assignment for Dr. Marshall G. Jones’s EDUC 651 class at Winthrop
University, Rock Hill, SC. All rights reserved by the author. Permission is granted to use this white paper
provided the user notifies the author in writing prior to use.
The Basics
What is Flip Video?
The Flip digital video recorder, made by Pure Digital Technologies, is a small,
inexpensive, handheld video camcorder that was first introduced in 2006. The digital camcorder
can record and store between 60 to 240 minutes of video depending on the model. The Flip is
an easy to use device containing a lens and microphone on the front and basic buttons used to
record video on the back. It is literally a “point and shoot” camera. The Flip also contains a
small USB connector that “flips” out from the side of the camera. The USB connector plugs
directing into a laptop or desktop computer. This makes for easy uploading of videos and
sharing through other applications like email, Facebook, and YouTube. The Flip camera also
comes with a connector that attaches directly to a standard or High Definition television for easy
viewing. The Flip camera has been a great addition to digital video that has become
widespread everywhere from national news reporting to personal home videos.
How do I use Flip Video?
1 - Power Button, 2 - Wrist Lanyard, 3 - Battery Compartment Lock, 4 - Threaded Hole for a Tripod, 5 Speaker / Microphone, 6 - Latch to open USB Attachment, 7 – HDMI, 8 – Screen, 9a - [Red Dot] - Record /
Stop Recording. 9b [Up and Down Arrows] - Zoom (When Recording) / Volume (When Viewing), 9c [Left
and Right Arrows) - Look Through Different Recorded Videos, 9d [Triangle] - Play Recorded Movies, 9e
[Trash Can] - Delete Recorded Movies
Image from: http://www.d102.org/kbase/entry/108/
1. To turn on the Flip video camera, press or slide (depending on the model) the power button
(point 1).
2. To record a video, aim and press the large red button. Timer will appear in the top corner of
the screen (point 9a).
3. To zoom in and out, press the + and – buttons near the red record button (point 9b).
4. To stop recording a video, press the large red button again (point 9a).
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5. To watch a previously recorded video, press the play button (point 9d). To scan through
previously recorded videos, press the left and right arrow buttons (point 9c).
6. To delete a video, press the trashcan (point 9e).
7. To view, edit, and share a previously recorded video on a computer, plug in the USB
connector to a laptop or desktop (point 6). You can then choose to upload the FlipShare
software that comes with the camera. You can then edit and share the video from this
software.
8. To view a previously recorded video on the television, turn off both the television and the
camera. Connect the RCA cable into the video out port on the camera and the television.
Turn the television and the Flip camera on and find the correct channel sourcing the videos.
9. To charge the batteries in a Flip video camera, purchase new batteries (point 3) or purchase
power adapter to connect the camera to a power outlet.
Where can I find Flip Video?
The Flip digital video recorder can be purchased from The Flip Video Store found at
http://store.theflip.com/en-us/. The Flip camera can also be purchased in retail stores such as
Wal-mart, Target, and Best Buy. Visit http://www.theflip.com/en-us/buy/ for a complete list of
retailers.
A buyer may choose from three versions of the Flip video recorder. Listed below are
specifications of each.
Ultra HD
Mino HD
Slide HD
*Suggested Retail
*Starting at $149.99
*Starting at 179.99
*Starting at 229.99
Price, 2011
Memory
4 GB or 8 GB
4 GB or 8 GB
16 GB
Record Time
60 or 120 minutes
60 or 120 minutes
240 minutes
Video Quality
720 p HD (30 of 60
720p HD (60fps)
720p HD ()30fps)
fps)
Image Stabilization
Yes (select models)
Yes
No
Zoom/Lens
Digital Zoom-2x
Digital Zoon-2x
Digital Zoom-3x
Battery
Battery Pack
Internal Lithium-ion
Internal Lithium-ion
Battery
Battery
Screen Size
2 inch
2 inch
2 inch widescreen
3.94” x 1.97“ x 0.63”
4.13" x 2.17" x 0.98"
Camera Dimensions 4.16” x 2.11“ x 0.88” or
4.25” x 2.19“ x 1.17”
Weight
Designable
4.5 oz. or 5.7 oz.
Yes
4.1 oz.
Yes
5.9 oz.
Yes
These and other specific information can be found at http://www.theflip.com/enus/products/specs.aspx
Flip Video also has a portion of their company that is devoted to helping educators “Shoot,
Share, Educate”. They offer discounts for educators across all grade-levels. To find out more
about their dedication to schools, visit http://www.theflip.com/en-us/buy/Educators.aspx.
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Schools and Flip Video
Implications for the Classroom
Project-based Learning: The Flip video recorder can be used in connection with project-based
learning. Project-based learning is an
instructional approach where students
create projects and investigations from
content presented in the classroom. The
Flip camera can be integrated to a variety of
projects. One way to use the Flip camera
with project based learning is for the teacher
to pre-record steps to a project. The
teachers can play the clip for the students
while he/she walks around and monitors
their progress. Students can also use the
Flip camera to enhance their personal
projects. For examples, in connection with
a science weather unit, students can record
weather broadcasts versus reading the
forecast to the class. The Flip video enhances this project but allowing students to dive in the
job of a meteorologists as they would be recorded.
Reading Fluency: In primary grades, reading fluency is a large portion of students’ reading
instruction. In upper elementary grade, reading fluency plays a significant role in students’
abilities to comprehend text. In centers, students can record each other reading stories and
then play them back to help answer comprehension questions. Reader’s theater activities are
also strategies for helping students improve reading fluency. Reader’s theater is a way to
present literature in a dramatic form without sets, costumes, and memorization. Students can
record themselves, using the Flip camera, completing a reader’s theater activity and then play it
back to listen to their pace and fluency. Finally, read-aloud is a component of a balanced
literacy program that is intended to help with fluency. The teacher can prerecord him or herself
reading a book orally. The teacher can also prerecord guest speaks and parents reading a
book orally. The teacher can then play this video for students to view while he/she is
completing clerical tasks such as writing notes home or taking attendance.
Outside the Classroom: The Flip camera can provide valuable footage of the real-world and
bring it into the classroom. On an actual trip, students can take recordings and clips of their
experience. When students return to school, students can use their videos to reflect on their
trip. The Flip camera can also provide virtual field trips. Sometimes, field trips are luxury for
students because of budget restraints. The teacher can take a Flip camera and record outings
that he/she takes. When a student takes a family trip, a Flip camera is a device that allows
students to share their experiences with the teacher and class. A Flip camera can also be used
as a successful tool between community and schools. Parents and community members can be
asked to use a Flip camera to record their everyday experiences. For example, instead of
traveling to a news channel station, a meteorologist could be asked to use a Flip camera to
record his life in the newsroom. Students can then view the film in connection with a science
unit.
Student-led Conferences: Parent-teacher communication is critical to the success of students in
the classroom. It is often very difficult for parents to schedule a time to attend a parent-teacher
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conference that coincides with the teacher’s schedule. Students can also play a role in these
conferences. With the Flip camera, the teacher can record a teacher-student conversation
about their progress, behavior, and future goals. The teacher then also can record a message
for the parents. The students can then take this video home for the parents to view.
New Approach to Homework: Traditional homework is filled with worksheets and rote practice.
These sheets are often returned to school incomplete or filled with unclear answers. The Flip
camera can document students’ approaches to homework. The film can then help the teacher
identify errors and misconceptions that students are making while completing homework. The
Flip camera can also allow the teacher to assign more interactive homework. For example, the
teacher can assign a mathematics game for students to play each night. Students can record
the playing of the game with the Flip camera. The video can be used as evidence of actual
completion of the game as well as a tool for teacher to view strategies that students are using at
home. While this can be time consuming for the teacher to view all of the students’ videos,
providing interactive homework assignments can be beneficial. The teacher could also assign
Flip camera to certain students and rotate to avoid an abundance of videos.
Assessments: Assessments are critical to understanding students’ strengths and weaknesses.
It is often difficult to find time to properly administer and score assessments. While the Flip
camera can be allow students to practice reading fluency, the teacher can also use the Flip
camera to assess student fluency. Students can read to the Flip camera. The teacher can then
use this piece for a running record and documentation of fluency and accuracy. The Flip
camera can also be used as a more innovative way to assess students on content instead of a
paper-pencil test. Students can be asked to record a video report of a topic or a book. The Flip
camera is an outlet to make assessments more authentic.
Journaling and Blogging: Journaling and blogging has become a part of schooling. Journaling
and blogging allow students to freely discuss topics learned in the classroom as well as other
social and behavior aspects. Students can use the Flip camera to record video journals and
blogs. It would be simple for a teacher to set-up a literacy centers where students can record a
journal entry with the Flip camera. The teacher can then view the journal and respond with the
Flip camera for the students to view later.
Website Tutorials: After a lesson on new content, students often have a hard time remembering
specific parts. Teachers can use the Flip camera to record tutorials. For example, the teacher
can use a tripod to record the Promethean board/Smart or himself/herself explaining how to
solve a specific mathematics problem. The teacher can then post this tutorial on a teacher
website for students to access at home or when they have access to a computer. The Flip
camera will allow for the students to have access to the teacher’s lesson at the touch of a finger
instead of only looking at lesson notes and using their memory.
Other Ideas:
http://www.freetech4teachers.com/2010/03/many-ways-to-use-flip-cameras-in.html
 Richard Byrne shares many ways to use a Flip camera in the classroom on his blog
“Free Technology for Teachers. On March 12, 2010, he posted a short Google
presentation to illustrate ways to use this technology.
http://echucaelearning.wikispaces.com/Flip+Camera
 E-Learning: Learning Ecosystem is a wikispace that is dedicated to the use of
technology. The above link is a space for Flip Cameras. The pages listed a variety of
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links to help all users interested in the Flip camera. There is a space for educators to
browse a variety of links consisting of Google documents, PowerPoint presentations and
Word documents, as well as blogs and websites. These sites have a multitude of ideas
for teachers to easily incorporate the Flip camera into their instruction.
The Flip Solves Problems
Building Background Knowledge: Many students are lacking background knowledge that is
applicable to the standards presented in the classroom. This can cause problems in the
classroom because some students have no schema to build new content upon. By having
personal experiences, students are able to make valuable connections and therefore retain
more information. The Flip camera can make it easy to bring real-world experiences directly
into the classroom with a push of a button. The teacher can bring concrete experience straight
to the students. For example, if students are studying decimals the teacher can video prices in
the grocery store, different gas station price, and people using a cash register to pay for goods.
Having students view these experiences can help them to understand why decimals are so
meaningful.
Differentiation of Instruction: Classrooms are full
of students of all different levels. The use of Flip
cameras allows teachers to assign a variety of
assignments that meet a multitude of needs and
learning styles. No matter the content, teachers
can create an assignment using the Flip cameras
that allow students to use the creativity and
knowledge. Also, the teacher can record center
instruction or small group lessons that can meet
the needs of small groups of students. For
example, the teacher can create a literacy center
lesson that applies to what they are learning. The
teacher can then record instructions and model an
activity for high, middle, and low learners. Students can then view the video in the group that
suits their instructional level.
Authentic Assessment: Each teacher strives for meaningful assessment tools that tie to real
world events. The Flip video camera can allow the teacher to create projects where the
students must synthesize classroom instruction and create new product using higher order
thinking skills.
Parent Tutorials: Parents have expressed their need for additional assistance with how to help
their child at home. The teacher can use the Flip camera to model strategies for the parents.
For example, the teacher might record himself or herself showing the parents how to use a
particular division strategy. The teacher can then post this video on his or her website for the
parents to view. This can help bridge the gap between school and home.
National Educational Technology Standards (NETS)
NETS for Students
The Flip Video Cameras
Creativity and Innovation
Students can use the Flip cameras to record
Students demonstrate creative
responses to readings and content. For example,
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thinking, construct knowledge, and
develop innovative products and
processes using technology. Students
create original works as a means of
personal or group expressions.
Communication and Collaboration
Students use digital media and
environments to communicate and
work collaboratively, including at a
distance, to support individual learning
and contribute to the learning of others.
Research and Information Fluency
Students apply digital tools to gather,
evaluate, and use information.
Critical Thinking, Problem Solving,
and Decision Making
Students use critical thinking skills to
plan and conduct research, manage
projects, solve problems, and make
informed decisions using appropriate
digital tools and resources.
NETS for Teachers
Facilitate and Inspire Student
Learning and Creativity
Teachers use their knowledge of
subject matter, teaching and learning,
and technology to facilitate
experiences that advance student
learning, creativity, and innovation in
both face‐to‐face and virtual
environments.
Design and Develop Digital‐Age
Learning Experiences
and Assessments
Teachers design, develop, and
evaluate authentic learning
experiences and assessment
incorporating contemporary tools and
resources to maximize content learning
in context and to develop the
knowledge, skills, and attitudes
when students are learning about the Westward
Movement and the Gold Rush is Social Studies, they
can record diary entries of how a pioneer would feel
traveling across the Wild West. This promotes higher
order thinking skills where students must evaluate a
situation.
Students can use the Flip cameras as a means of
creating individual and group projects. For example,
students can take their information that they learned
during a severe weather unit and create public service
announcements of how to stay safe during these
storms.
Students can use a Flip camera to document their
“thinking” and exploration of a topic. For example,
during a mathematics lesson students can be
presented with a mathematical problem. The
students can then use their Flip camera to illustrate
their exploration of solving the problem through
research and use of different strategies. Students can
then state their solution and why it is reasonable.
Flip cameras can take experiments to a whole new
level. For example, scientific process and inquiry skills
are a large portion of many state’s science standards.
Using the Flip camera, students can record a science
experiment designed by them. Using the Flip camera
and other devices, students can state their problem,
research, and hypothesis, record their experiments
and results, and display their data collection and
conclusion.
The Flip Video Cameras
Teachers can use the Flip camera in variety of ways
to facilitate and inspire student learning through virtual
environments. For example, teachers can post a blog
about classroom content, world news, and opinions.
The teacher can respond to the topic and post his/her
response. The students can then record their
responses with the Flip camera and post theirs as well
as respond to others.
Flip cameras and project-based learning can be easily
tied together. For example, the teacher can have
students work with novels in guided reading groups or
literature circles. As a culminating activity of the book
study, students can create a video trailer of the book
using the Flip camera. The teacher can use a rubric
to set requirements on the project so that the students
are creating an authentic assessment of reading
comprehension.
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identified in the NETS.
Model Digital‐Age Work and
Learning
Teachers exhibit knowledge, skills, and
work processes representative of an
innovative professional in a global and
digital society.
Teachers can use the Flip camera to bridge the gap
between the community and schools. For example,
the teacher can create a video newsletter to send
home to parents or post a teacher website to keep
parents informed. Teacher can also record parent
conference information for parents who are unable to
attend a face-to-face meeting. Also, teachers can use
the Flip camera to model lessons for other teachers.
Environmental Factors
Zoom: All Flip cameras only have a 2x zoom. This can cause the images to become blurry and
jumpy. While filming, students need to have the ability to get physically close to the subject they
are filming. If students are unable to get close to the object being recorded, the Flip camera
may not be the device for the project.
Lighting: Since the Flip cameras are compact, there is not a space for a light. For the best
quality of film, students should record in a well-lit area. If students are in a poorly lit area, the
Flip camera may not be the device for the project.
Length of Video: Most Flip cameras film and store one hour to two hours of footage depending
on the model. Students can film one long consecutive video. There is no pause button so once
the students begin filming a particular length, students cannot pause and begin again where
they left off. If students need to film something longer that one to two hours or require a video
that must be paused, the Flip camera may not be the device for the project.
Editing Video: Flip Share, the software that accompanies the camera, does not provide much
editing tools. If students need to edit their recordings, students will have to use other programs
such as Windows Movie Maker or iMovie. Teacher will have to take this into consideration
because they will also have to teach their students how to use these programs.
Access to Multiple Cameras: Even though the Flip camera is relatively inexpensive, it may be
difficult for a school budget to afford a class set. Students may be unable to each has access to
a personal Flip camera. Many uses for the Flip camera can be adapted to sharing a device.
Benefits and Drawbacks of the Flip
Benefits of the Flip
Easy to Use: The Flip camera is simple for students and teachers to use. The user can operate
this simple device without reading through a cumbersome user manual. There are minimal
buttons and equipment to confuse the user. The viewing and sharing of videos is equally as
simple.
Inexpensive: Compared to other digital camcorders, the Flip cameras cost considerably less.
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Portable: The Flip camera is compact. It is not much larger that most cell phones and fits easily
in a purse, pocket, or book bag. The Flip camera can easily travel with the user to wherever the
action takes them. Because the USB connector is stored within the camera, there are no
additional cords to carry.
No disks or tapes: The Flip camera does not use tapes or disks. This makes the Flip camera
portable. This also eliminates the hassle of worrying about blank tapes. Unfortunately, without
tapes and disks the user can accidentally record over stored information. The Flip camera has
a feature that will not let the user tape over previously recorded information. Also, the user does
not have to spend additional money on supplies for the Flip.
Easy Connect-ability: The Flip camera has a built-in USB connector. The USB then connects
to any laptop or desktop. By simply plugging in these connections, the user is able to simply
upload the video, begin editing and sharing.
Drawbacks of the Flip
Small Screen: The LCD screens on all models of the Flip cameras are only 2 inches. This can
make it difficult for the user to view their video directly on the camera, especially the visually
impaired.
USB Connection: The USB connection is on a plastic arm that is directly connected to the
computer. With a computer, the camera can end up “hanging” suspended from the plastic arm.
Over time, this can cause the equipment to become damaged and stop working. It is important
to prompt students to not allow their cameras to dangle from the USB connector. Additional
cords can be purchased to ensure this does not occur but these cords are not a necessity for
the camera to properly upload videos.
No Pause Button: The Flip video camera does not have a pause button. The user must stop
and record again. Once the user is recording if the large red button is pushed, it will end that
current video. This can cause an issue if a video must be one continuous stream. The user
must continuously record footage.
Recordable Time: Each Flip video camera only stores one to two hours of video. Because
there are not tapes or disks, this is the maximum amount of video that can be filmed before it
must be uploaded to a computer and then deleted from the Flip camera.
Access at schools: Some schools do not already own Flip cameras which can make the use of
the technology impossible. Flip Video works in
connections with Digital Wish
(http://www.digitalwish.com/dw/digitalwish/product?id
=4310) to help teachers find funding for technologies
in schools.
Privacy and Behavioral Issues: Like with any
technology, rules and expectations must be sent with
the Flip camera to ensure that students stay on task
will using the device. Because the Flip camera is so
compact, students can easily disguise it and record
others without them knowing.
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Resource
7 Things You Should Know about Flip Camcorders:
http://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/ELI7043.pdf
 This is an easy to read article on the basics of Flip Camcorders. It discuss the ins and
outs of the Flip Camera from “What it is”, “Where it is going”, and implications for
teachers.
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