Cisco WAP54GX User guide
®
A Division of Cisco Systems, Inc.
2.4 GHz Wireless-G
802.11g
Access Point with SRX
WIRELESS
Model No.
WAP54GX
User Guide
Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
Copyright and Trademarks
Specifications are subject to change without notice. Linksys is a registered trademark or trademark of Cisco
Systems, Inc. and/or its affiliates in the U.S. and certain other countries. Copyright © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All
rights reserved. Other brands and product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective
holders.
WARNING: This product contains chemicals, including lead, known
to the State of California to cause cancer, and birth defects or other
reproductive harm. Wash hands after handling.
How to Use this User Guide
The user guide to the Wireless-G Access Point with SRX has been designed to make understanding networking
with the Access Point easier than ever. Look for the following items when reading this User Guide:
This checkmark means there is a note of interest and
is something you should pay special attention to while
using the Access Point.
This exclamation point means there is a caution or
warning and is something that could damage your
property or the Access Point.
This question mark provides you with a reminder about
something you might need to do while using the Access Point.
In addition to these symbols, there are definitions for technical terms that are presented like this:
word: definition.
Also, each figure (diagram, screenshot, or other image) is provided with a figure number and description, like
this:
Figure 0-1: Sample Figure Description
Figure numbers and descriptions can also be found in the “List of Figures” section.
WAP54GX-UG-60125A JL
Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Introduction
Welcome
What’s in this User Guide?
Chapter 2: Planning Your Wireless Network
Network Topology
Roaming
Network Layout
Chapter 3: Getting to Know the Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
The Front Panel
The Back Panel
Chapter 4: Connecting the Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
Overview
Connections for Setup
Chapter 5: Setting up the Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
Overview
Using the Setup Wizard
Chapter 6: Configuring the Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
Overview
Navigating the Utility
Accessing the Utility
The Setup - Network Setup Tab
The Wireless - Basic Wireless Settings Tab
The Wireless - Wireless Security Tab
The Wireless - Wireless MAC Filter Tab
The Wireless - Advanced Wireless Settings Tab
The Administration - Management Tab
The Administration - Log Tab
The Administration - Factory Defaults Tab
The Administration - Firmware Upgrade Tab
The Status - Local Network Tab
The Status - Wireless Network Tab
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Appendix A: Troubleshooting
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Frequently Asked Questions
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Appendix B: Wireless Security
Security Precautions
Security Threats Facing Wireless Networks
Appendix C: Upgrading Firmware
Appendix D: Windows Help
Appendix E: Glossary
Appendix F: Specifications
Appendix G: Warranty Information
Appendix H: Regulatory Information
Appendix I: Contact Information
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List of Figures
Figure 3-1: Front Panel
Figure 3-2: Back Panel
Figure 4-1: Connect the Ethernet Network Cable
Figure 4-2: Connect the Power
Figure 5-1: Welcome Screen
Figure 5-2: Connect the Network Cable to the Router or Switch Screen
Figure 5-3: Connect the Network Cable to the Access Point Screen
Figure 5-4: Power on the Access Point Screen
Figure 5-5: Check the Access Point’s Status Screen
Figure 5-6: Select the Access Point Screen
Figure 5-7: Password Screen
Figure 5-8: Basic Settings Screen
Figure 5-9: Wireless Settings Screen
Figure 5-10: Security Settings Screen
Figure 5-11: WEP Settings Screen
Figure 5-12: WPA Personal Settings Screen
Figure 5-13: WPA2 Personal Settings Screen
Figure 5-14: WPA2 Mixed Mode Settings Screen
Figure 5-15: Confirm New Settings Screen
Figure 5-16: Congratulations Screen
Figure 6-1: Login Screen
Figure 6-2: Setup - Automatic Configuration - DHCP Screen
Figure 6-3: Setup - Static IP Screen
Figure 6-4: Wireless - Basic Wireless Settings Screen
Figure 6-5: Wireless - Wireless Security (WPA-Personal) Screen
Figure 6-6: Wireless Security - WPA2-Personal Screen
Figure 6-7: Wireless Security - WPA2-Mixed Screen
Figure 6-8: Wireless Security - WPA-Enterprise Screen
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Figure 6-9: Wireless Security - RADIUS Screen
Figure 6-10: Wireless Security - WEP Screen
Figure 6-11: Wireless - Wireless MAC Filter Screen
Figure 6-12: Wireless - Wireless Client Table
Figure 6-13: Wireless - Advanced Wireless Settings Screen
Figure 6-14: Administration - Management Screen
Figure 6-15: Administration - Log Screen
Figure 6-16: View Log Screen
Figure 6-17: Administration - Factory Defaults Screen
Figure 6-18: Administration - Firmware Upgrade Screen
Figure 6-19: Status - Local Network Screen
Figure 6-20: Status - Wireless Network Screen
Figure C-1: Firmware Upgrade
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Chapter 1: Introduction
Welcome
Thank you for choosing the Wireless-G Access Point with SRX. This Access Point will allow you to network
wirelessly better than ever.
How does the Access Point do all of this? An access point allows for greater range and mobility within your
wireless network while also allowing you to connect the wireless network to a wired environment. And with SRX,
you have greater range and speed.
But what does all of this mean?
Networks are useful tools for sharing computer resources. You can access one printer from different computers
and access data located on another computer's hard drive. Networks are even used for playing multiplayer video
games. So, networks are not only useful in homes and offices, they can also be fun.
PCs on a wired network create a LAN, or Local Area Network. They are connected with Ethernet cables, which is
why the network is called "wired".
PCs equipped with wireless cards and adapters can communicate without cumbersome cables. By sharing the
same wireless settings, within their transmission radius, they form a wireless network. This is sometimes called
a WLAN, or Wired Local Area Network. The Access Point bridges wireless networks of both 802.11g and 802.11b
standards and wired networks.
Use the instructions in this Guide to help you connect the Access Point, set it up, and configure it to bridge your
different networks. These instructions should be all you need to get the most out of the Access Point.
access point: a device that allows wireless-equipped
computers and other devices to communicate with a wired
network. Also used to expand the range of a wireless
network.
network: a series of computers or devices connected
together.
lan (local area network): the computers and networking
products that make up your local network.
ethernet: network protocol that specifies how data is
placed on and retrieved from a common transmission
medium.
adapter: a device that adds network functionality to your
PC.
802.11g: a wireless networking standard that specifies a
maximum data transfer rate of 54Mbps, an operating
frequency of 2.4GHz, and backward compatibility with
802.11b devices.
802.11b: a wireless networking standard that specifies a
maximum data transfer rate of 11Mbps and an operating
frequency of 2.4GHz.
SRX: an antenna technology that provides for up to 8X
better performance and up to 3X longer range.
Chapter 1: Introduction
Welcome
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Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
What’s in this User Guide?
This user guide covers the steps for setting up and using the Wireless-G Access Point with SRX.
• Chapter 1: Introduction
This chapter describes the Access Point’s applications and this User Guide.
• Chapter 2: Planning your Wireless Network
This chapter describes the basics of wireless networking.
• Chapter 3: Getting to Know the Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
This chapter describes the physical features of the Access Point.
• Chapter 4: Connecting the Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
This chapter instructs you on how to connect the Access Point to your network.
• Chapter 5: Setting Up the Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
This chapter explains how to use the Setup Wizard to configure the settings on the Access Point.
• Chapter 6: Configuring the Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
This chapter explains how to use the Access Point’s Web-based Utility for advanced configuration.
• Appendix A: Troubleshooting
This appendix describes some frequently asked questions regarding installation and use of the Access Point.
• Appendix B: Wireless Security
This appendix explains the risks of wireless networking and some solutions to reduce the risks.
• Appendix C: Upgrading Firmware
This appendix instructs you on how to upgrade the Access Point’s firmware.
• Appendix D: Windows Help
This appendix describes some of the ways Windows can help you with wireless networking.
• Appendix E: Glossary
This appendix gives a brief glossary of terms frequently used in networking.
• Appendix F: Specifications
This appendix provides the Access Point’s technical specifications.
• Appendix G: Warranty Information
This appendix supplies the Access Point’s warranty information.
Chapter 1: Introduction
What’s in this User Guide?
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Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
• Appendix H: Regulatory Information
This appendix supplies the Access Point’s regulatory information.
• Appendix I: Contact Information
This appendix provides contact information for a variety of Linksys resources, including Technical Support.
Chapter 1: Introduction
What’s in this User Guide?
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Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
Chapter 2: Planning Your Wireless Network
Network Topology
A wireless network is a group of computers, each equipped with one wireless adapter. Computers in a wireless
network must be configured to share the same radio channel. Several PCs equipped with wireless cards or
adapters can communicate with one another to form an ad-hoc network.
Linksys wireless adapters also provide users access to a wired network when using an access point, such as the
Wireless-G Access Point with SRX, or wireless router. An integrated wireless and wired network is called an
infrastructure network. Each wireless PC in an infrastructure network can talk to any computer in a wired
network infrastructure via the access point or wireless router.
ad-hoc: a group of wireless devices communicating directly
with each other (peer-to-peer) without the use of an access
point.
infrastructure: a wireless network that is bridged to a wired
network via an access point.
An infrastructure configuration extends the accessibility of a wireless PC to a wired network, and may double the
effective wireless transmission range for two wireless adapter PCs. Since an access point is able to forward data
within a network, the effective transmission range in an infrastructure network may be doubled.
Roaming
Infrastructure mode also supports roaming capabilities for mobile users. Roaming means that you can move your
wireless PC within your network and the access points will pick up the wireless PC's signal, providing that they
both share the same channel and SSID.
roaming: the ability to take a wireless device from one
access point's range to another without losing the
connection.
Before using the roaming capabilities, choose a feasible radio channel and optimum access point position. Proper
access point positioning combined with a clear radio signal will greatly enhance performance.
ssid: your wireless network's name
Chapter 2: Planning Your Wireless Network
Network Topology
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Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
Network Layout
The Wireless-G Access Point with SRX has been designed for use with 802.11g and 802.11b products. The
Access Point is compatible with 802.11g and 802.11b adapters, such as the Notebook Adapters for your laptop
computers, PCI Adapters for your desktop PCs, and USB Adapters for when you want to enjoy USB connectivity.
These wireless products can also communicate with a 802.11g or 802.11b Wireless PrintServer.
To link your wired network with your wireless network, connect the Access Point’s Ethernet network port to any
switch or router.
With these, and many other, Linksys products, your networking options are limitless. Go to the Linksys website at
www.linksys.com for more information about wireless products.
Chapter 2: Planning Your Wireless Network
Network Layout
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Chapter 3: Getting to Know the Wireless-G Access Point
with SRX
The Front Panel
The Access Point's LEDs, which indicate activity and status information, are located on the front panel.
Figure 3-1: Front Panel
Ethernet
Green. The Link LED lights up when the Access Point is successfully connected to a device
through the Ethernet network port. The LED flashes when the Access Point is transmitting or
receiving data through the Ethernet network port.
Wireless
Green. The Act LED lights up when the Access Point is ready for wireless use. It flashes when
the Access Point is transmitting or receiving data wirelessly.
Power
Green. The Power LED lights up when the Access Point is powered on.
Chapter 3: Getting to Know the Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
The Front Panel
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Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
The Back Panel
The Access Point's Ethernet network and power ports, as well as the Reset button, are located on the back panel.
Figure 3-2: Back Panel
Reset Button
There are two ways to reset the Access Point's factory defaults. Either press the Reset button,
for approximately ten seconds, or use the Administration - Factory Defaults screen of the
Access Point's Web-based Utility.
Ethernet Port
The Ethernet network port connects to an Ethernet network device, such as a switch or router.
Power Port
The Power port connects to the Access Point’s power adapter.
Chapter 3: Getting to Know the Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
The Back Panel
IMPORTANT: Resetting the Access Point will erase
all of your settings (including wireless security, IP
address, and power output) and replace them with
the factory defaults. Do not reset the Access Point
if you want to retain these settings.
port: the connection point on a computer or
networking device used for plugging in
cables or adapters
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Chapter 4: Connecting the Wireless-G Access Point with
SRX
Overview
This chapter explains how to connect the Access Point for setup.
Connections for Setup
1. Connect your Ethernet network cable to your network router or switch. Then connect the other end of the
network cable to the Access Point’s Ethernet port.
2. Connect the included power adapter to the Access Point’s Power port. Then plug the power adapter into an
electrical outlet. The LEDs on the front panel will light up as soon as the Access Point powers on.
Figure 4-1: Connect the Ethernet Network Cable
Proceed to “Chapter 5: Setting Up the Wireless-G Access Point with SRX.”
Figure 4-2: Connect the Power
Chapter 4: Connecting the Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
Overview
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Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
Chapter 5: Setting up the Wireless-G Access Point with
SRX
Overview
Now that you've connected the Access Point to your wired network, you are ready to begin setting it up. This
Setup Wizard will take you through all the steps necessary to configure the Access Point.
Using the Setup Wizard
1. Insert the Setup Wizard CD-ROM into your CD-ROM drive. The Setup Wizard should run automatically, and the
Welcome screen should appear. If it does not, click the Start button and choose Run. In the field that
appears, enter D:\setup.exe (if “D” is the letter of your CD-ROM drive).
2. On the Welcome screen, click the Click Here to Start button if this is the first time you are running the Setup
Wizard. These are your other choices:
User Guide - Click the User Guide button to open the PDF file of this User Guide.
Exit - Click the Exit button to exit the Setup Wizard.
Figure 5-1: Welcome Screen
Chapter 5: Setting up the Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
Overview
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3. Optimally, you should set up the Access Point using a PC on your wired network. Connect a network cable to
your network router or switch. Then click the Next button.
Figure 5-2: Connect the Network Cable to the Router or
Switch Screen
4. The screen shows how the Access Point should be connected as you run the Setup Wizard. Connect the other
end of the network cable to the Access Point’s Ethernet network port. Then click the Next button.
Figure 5-3: Connect the Network Cable to the Access
Point Screen
Chapter 5: Setting up the Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
Using the Setup Wizard
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Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
5. Connect the power adapter to the Access Point and an electrical outlet. Then click the Next button.
Figure 5-4: Power on the Access Point Screen
6. Make sure the Access Point’s Ethernet, Wireless, and Power LEDs are lit on its front panel. If they are not,
check your cable connections. Then click the Next button to continue.
Figure 5-5: Check the Access Point’s Status Screen
Chapter 5: Setting up the Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
Using the Setup Wizard
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Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
7. The Setup Wizard will run a search for the Access Point within your network and then display a list along with
the status information for the selected access point. If this is the only access point on your network, it will be
the only one displayed. If there are more than one displayed, select the Access Point by clicking on it. Click
the Yes button to change any settings, or click the No button to keep these settings.
Figure 5-6: Select the Access Point Screen
8. You will be asked to sign onto the Access Point you have selected. Enter the default password, admin. Then,
click Enter. (This user name and password can be changed from the Web-based Utility's Administration Management tab.)
Figure 5-7: Password
Screen
Chapter 5: Setting up the Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
Using the Setup Wizard
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Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
9. The Basic Settings screen will appear next. Enter a descriptive name in the Device Name field. Create a
password that will control access to the Access Point’s Web-based Utility and Setup Wizard.
If your network router will automatically assign an IP address to the Access Point, then select AutomaticDHCP.
If you want to assign a static or fixed IP address to the Access Point, then select Static IP. Enter the IP
Address, Subnet Mask, and Default Gateway settings. If you are not sure what changes you should make, then
keep the default values.
Then, click the Next button to continue or Back to return to the previous page.
Device Name - Enter a descriptive name for the Access Point.
Password - Enter a password that will control access to the Utility and Setup Wizard.
IP Address - This IP address must be unique to your network. (The default IP address is 192.168.1.245.)
Figure 5-8: Basic Settings Screen
Subnet Mask - The Access Point's Subnet Mask must be the same as the subnet mask of your Ethernet
network.
Default Gateway - Enter the IP address of your network gateway (usually your router).
Click the Next button to continue or the Back button to return to the previous screen.
Chapter 5: Setting up the Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
Using the Setup Wizard
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Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
Configuring the Access Point’s Wireless Settings
1. The Setup Wizard will ask you to enter the SSID, Channel, and Network Mode settings for your wireless
network.
SSID - Enter the name of your wireless network. The SSID must be identical for all devices in the network.
The default setting is linksys (all lowercase).
Channel - Select the operating channel for your wireless network. All of your wireless devices will use this
channel to communicate.
Network Mode - Select the wireless standards running on your network. If you have both 802.11g and
802.11b devices in your network, keep the default setting, Mixed Mode. If you have only 802.11g devices,
select G-Only. If you have only 802.11b devices, select B-Only. If you want to disable your wireless network,
select Disable.
Click the Next button to continue or the Back button to return to the previous screen.
Figure 5-9: Wireless Settings Screen
Chapter 5: Setting up the Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
Using the Setup Wizard
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Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
2. Select the level of security you want to use: WEP or WPA/WPA2 Personal. WEP stands for Wired Equivalent
Privacy, and WPA stands for Wi-Fi Protected Access. Click the Next button and proceed to step 3. If you do not
want to use any wireless security method, select Disabled and then click the Next button. Proceed to step 4.
If you want to use WPA-Enterprise, it is available through the Access Point’s Web-based Utility. Select
Disabled. Click the Next button and proceed to step 4. After you complete the Setup Wizard, refer to the
Wireless Security tab in “Chapter 6: Configuring the Wireless-G Access Point with SRX.”
3. Proceed to the appropriate section for your security method.
WEP
WEP (64-Bit)
To use 64-bit WEP encryption, select WEP (64-bit). Then enter a passphrase or WEP key.
Figure 5-10: Security Settings Screen
Passphrase - Enter a passphrase in the Passphrase field, so a WEP key is automatically generated. The
passphrase is case-sensitive and should not be longer than 16 alphanumeric characters. It must match the
passphrase of your other wireless network devices and is compatible with Linksys wireless products only. (If
you have any non-Linksys wireless products, enter the WEP key manually on those products.)
WEP Key - The WEP key you enter must match the WEP key of your wireless network. For 64-bit encryption,
enter exactly 10 hexadecimal characters. Valid hexadecimal characters are “0” to “9” and “A” to “F”.
Click the Next button to continue or the Back button to return to the previous screen.
WEP (128-Bit)
To use 128-bit WEP encryption, select WEP (128-bit). Then enter a passphrase or WEP key.
Passphrase - Enter a passphrase in the Passphrase field, so a WEP key is automatically generated. The
passphrase is case-sensitive and should not be longer than 16 alphanumeric characters. It must match the
passphrase of your other wireless network devices and is compatible with Linksys wireless products only. (If
you have any non-Linksys wireless products, enter the WEP key manually on those products.)
WEP Key - The WEP key you enter must match the WEP key of your wireless network. For 128-bit encryption,
enter exactly 26 hexadecimal characters. Valid hexadecimal characters are “0” to “9” and “A” to “F”.
Click the Next button to continue or the Back button to return to the previous screen.
Chapter 5: Setting up the Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
Using the Setup Wizard
Figure 5-11: WEP Settings Screen
wep (wired equivalent privacy): a method of
encrypting network data transmitted on a
wireless network for greater security.
encryption: encoding data transmitted in a network.
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Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
WPA/WPA2 Personal
WPA Personal
To use WPA Personal security, select WPA Personal from the Security drop-down menu. WPA Personal offers
two encryption methods, TKIP and AES, with dynamic encryption keys. Select TKIP or AES for encryption.
Then enter a Passphrase that is 8-32 characters in length.
Encryption - Select TKIP or AES from the Encryption drop-down menu.
Passphrase - Enter a Passphrase, also called a pre-shared key, of 8-32 characters in the Passphrase field.
The longer and more complex your Passphrase is, the more secure your network will be.
Click the Next button to continue or the Back button to return to the previous screen.
Figure 5-12: WPA Personal Settings Screen
wpa (wi-fi protected access: a wireless security
protocol using TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol)
encryption, which can be used in conjunction with a
RADIUS server.
WPA2 Personal
To use WPA2 Personal security, select WPA2 Personal from the Security drop-down menu. WPA2 Personal
uses AES encryption with dynamic keys. Enter a Passphrase that is 8-32 characters in length.
Encryption - The default for WPA2 Personal, AES, is automatically selected.
Passphrase - Enter a Passphrase, also called a pre-shared key, of 8-32 characters in the Passphrase field.
The longer and more complex your Passphrase is, the more secure your network will be.
Click the Next button to continue or the Back button to return to the previous screen.
Figure 5-13: WPA2 Personal Settings Screen
Chapter 5: Setting up the Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
Using the Setup Wizard
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Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
WPA2 Mixed Mode
To use WPA2 Mixed Mode security, select WPA2 Mixed Mode from the Security drop-down menu. WPA2
Mixed Mode uses TKIP and AES for encryption. Enter a Passphrase that is 8-32 characters in length.
Encryption - The default for WPA2 Personal, TKIP +AES, is automatically selected.
Passphrase - Enter a Passphrase, also called a pre-shared key, of 8-32 characters in the Passphrase field.
The longer and more complex your Passphrase is, the more secure your network will be.
Click the Next button to continue or the Back button to return to the previous screen.
Figure 5-14: WPA2 Mixed Mode Settings Screen
Chapter 5: Setting up the Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
Using the Setup Wizard
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4. The Setup Wizard will ask you to review your settings before it saves them. Click the Yes button if you are
satisfied with your settings, or click the No button if you do not want to save your new settings.
Figure 5-15: Confirm New Settings Screen
5. The Congratulations screen will appear. Click the Online Registration button to register the Access Point, or
click the Exit button to exit the Setup Wizard.
Congratulations! The installation of the Wireless-G Access Point with SRX is complete.
If you want to make advanced configuration changes, proceed to “Chapter 6: Configuring the Wireless-G
Access Point with SRX.”
Figure 5-16: Congratulations Screen
Chapter 5: Setting up the Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
Using the Setup Wizard
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Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
Chapter 6: Configuring the Wireless-G Access Point
with SRX
Overview
The Access Point has been designed to be functional right out of the box, with the default settings in the Setup
Wizard. However, if you'd like to change these settings, the Access Point can be configured through your web
browser with the Web-based Utility. This chapter explains how to use the Utility.
The Utility can be accessed via Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator through use of a computer that
is networked with the Access Point.
For a basic network setup, most users only have to use the following screens of the Utility:
• Setup
On the Network Setup screen, enter your basic network settings here.
• Management
Click the Administration tab and then select the Management screen. The Access Point’s default password
is admin. To secure the Access Point, change the AP’s Password from its default.
HAVE YOU: Enabled TCP/IP on your PCs? PCs
communicate over the network with this
protocol. Refer to “Appendix D: Windows Help”
for more information on TCP/IP.
tcp/ip: a set of instructions PCs use to
communicate over a network.
browser: an application that provides a way to
look at and interact with all the information on the
World Wide Web.
NOTE: The Access Point is designed to
function properly after using the Setup Wizard.
This chapter is provided solely for those who
wish to perform more advanced configuration
or monitoring.
Navigating the Utility
There are four main tabs: Setup, Wireless, Administration, and Status. Additional screens will be available from
most of the main tabs.
Setup
Enter the network settings for the Access Point.
• Network Setup. Enter the settings for the Access Point and your Internet connection on this screen.
Chapter 6: Configuring the Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
Overview
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Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
Wireless
You will use the Wireless tabs to enter a variety of wireless settings for the Access Point.
• Basic Wireless Settings. Enter the network mode, SSID, and other basic settings on this screen.
• Wireless Security. Use this screen to configure the Access Point’s wireless security settings.
• Wireless MAC Filter. From this screen, you can allow access to your wireless network by MAC address.
• Advanced Wireless Settings. Configure the Access Point’s more advanced wireless settings.
Administration
You will use the Administration tabs to manage the Access Point.
• Management. This screen allows you to customize the password settings, as well as back up or restore the
Access Point’s configuration file.
• Log. Configure the Log settings for the Access Point on this screen.
• Factory Defaults. Use this screen to reset the Access Point to its factory default settings.
firmware: the programming code that runs a
networking device.
• Firmware Upgrade. Upgrade the Access Point’s firmware on this screen.
Status
You will be able to view status information for your local and wireless network.
• Local Network. This screen will display current information on the Access Point and its local network.
• Wireless Network. This screen will display current information on the Access Point and its wireless network.
Chapter 6: Configuring the Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
Navigating the Utility
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Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
Accessing the Utility
To access the Web-based Utility of the Access Point, launch Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator. In the
Address field, enter the Access Point’s default IP address, 192.168.1.245, or the IP address you entered during
the Setup Wizard. (Should you need to learn what IP address the Access Point presently uses, run the Setup
Wizard again. It will scan the Access Point and give you its IP address.) Press the Enter key.
The login screen will appear. Enter admin in the User Name field. The first time you open the Web-based Utility,
use the default password, admin. (You can set a new password from the Administration - Management tab.) Then
click the OK button.
The Setup - Network Setup Tab
The first screen that appears is the Network Setup screen. This allows you to change the Access Point's general
settings.
Figure 6-1: Login Screen
Network Setup
Device Name
You may assign any Device Name to the Access Point. Unique, memorable names are helpful, especially if you
are employing multiple access points on the same network.
Configuration Type
Select Automatic Configuration - DHCP if your network router will assign an IP address to the Access Point.
The Access Point’s IP Address, Subnet Mask, and Default Gateway address are displayed here.
Figure 6-2: Setup - Automatic Configuration DHCP Screen
Chapter 6: Configuring the Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
Accessing the Utility
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Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
Select Static IP if you want to assign a static or fixed IP address to the Access Point. Then complete the
following:
IP Address. The IP address must be unique to your network. We suggest you use the default IP address of
192.168.1.245.
Subnet Mask. The Subnet Mask must be the same as that set on your Ethernet network.
Default Gateway. Enter the IP address of your network’s gateway. The gateway is the device that enables
communication between your computers and the Internet. In most cases, your router acts as your gateway.
Change these settings as described here and click Save Settings to apply your changes, or click Cancel
Changes to cancel your changes. Click Help for more information.
Figure 6-3: Setup - Static IP Screen
static ip address: a fixed address assigned to a computer or
device that is connected to a network.
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The Wireless - Basic Wireless Settings Tab
Change the wireless network settings on this screen.
Basic Wireless Settings
Configure the Access Point using the available settings.
Mode. Select Mixed and both Wireless-G and Wireless-B computers will be allowed on the network, but the
speed will be reduced. Select G-Only for maximum speed with Wireless-G products only. The final selection,
B-Only, allows only Wireless-B products on the network. To disable wireless performance, select Disabled.
Network Name (SSID). Enter the name of the Access Point’s wireless network.
Channel. Select the appropriate channel from the list provided; this will be the channel that all of your wireless
devices will use.
Figure 6-4: Wireless - Basic Wireless Settings Screen
SSID Broadcast. This feature allows the SSID to be broadcast by the Access Point. You may want to enable this
function while configuring your network, but make sure that you disable it when you are finished. With this
enabled, someone could easily obtain the SSID information with site survey software and gain unauthorized
access to your main network. Click Enabled to broadcast the SSID to all wireless devices in range. Click
Disabled to increase network security and block the SSID from being seen on networked PCs.
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The Wireless - Wireless Security Tab
Change the Access Point’s wireless security settings on this screen.
Wireless Security
Security Mode. Select the security method you want to use, WPA-Personal, WPA2-Personal, WPA2-Mixed,
WPA-Enterprise, RADIUS, or WEP. (WPA stands for Wi-Fi Protected Access, which is a security standard stronger
than WEP encryption. WPA2 is a stronger version of WPA. WEP stands for Wired Equivalent Privacy, while RADIUS
stands for Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service.) Refer to the appropriate instructions below. For detailed
instructions on configuring wireless security for the Access Point, turn to “Appendix B: Wireless Security.” To
disable such security, select Disabled.
WPA-Personal
Encryption. WPA offers you two encryption methods, TKIP and AES, with dynamic encryption keys. Select the
type of algorithm you want to use, TKIP or AES.
Passphrase. Enter a Passphrase (also called a WPA Shared Key) of 8-32 characters.
Key Renewal. Enter a Key Renewal timeout period, which instructs the Access Point how often it should change
the encryption keys.
Figure 6-5: Wireless - Wireless Security
(WPA-Personal) Screen
encryption: encoding data transmitted in a network.
Change these settings as described here and click Save Settings to apply your changes, or click Cancel
Changes to cancel your changes. Click Help for more information.
WPA2-Personal
Encryption. AES is automatically selected as the encryption method.
Passphrase. Enter a Passphrase (also called a WPA Shared Key) of 8-32 characters.
Key Renewal. Enter a Key Renewal timeout period, which instructs the Access Point how often it should change
the encryption keys.
Change these settings as described here and click Save Settings to apply your changes, or click Cancel
Changes to cancel your changes. Click Help for more information.
Figure 6-6: Wireless Security - WPA2-Personal Screen
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WPA2-Mixed
Encryption. TKIP + AES is automatically selected so both methods can be used.
Passphrase. Enter a Passphrase (also called a WPA Shared Key) of 8-32 characters.
Key Renewal. Enter a Key Renewal timeout period, which instructs the Access Point how often it should change
the encryption keys.
Change these settings as described here and click Save Settings to apply your changes, or click Cancel
Changes to cancel your changes. Click Help for more information.
WPA-Enterprise
Figure 6-7: Wireless Security - WPA2-Mixed Screen
This option features WPA used in coordination with a RADIUS server. (This should only be used when a RADIUS
server is connected to the Access Point.)
Encryption. WPA offers you two encryption methods, TKIP and AES, with dynamic encryption keys. Select the
type of algorithm you want to use, TKIP or AES.
RADIUS Server. Enter the RADIUS server’s IP address.
RADIUS Port. Enter the port number used by the RADIUS server.
Shared Secret. Enter the Shared Secret key used by the Access Point and RADIUS server.
Key Renewal. Enter a Key Renewal timeout period, which instructs the Access Point how often it should change
the encryption keys.
Change these settings as described here and click Save Settings to apply your changes, or click Cancel
Changes to cancel your changes. Click Help for more information.
Figure 6-8: Wireless Security - WPA-Enterprise Screen
radius: a protocol that uses an authentication server to
control network access.
server: any computer whose function in a network is to
provide user access to files, printing, communications, and
other services.
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RADIUS
This option features WEP used in coordination with a RADIUS server. (This should only be used when a RADIUS
server is connected to the Access Point.)
RADIUS Server. Enter the RADIUS server’s IP address.
RADIUS Port. Enter the port number used by the RADIUS server.
Shared Secret. Enter the Shared Secret key used by the Access Point and RADIUS server.
Encryption. Select a level of WEP encryption, 40/64 bits (10 hex digits) or 104/128 bits (26 hex digits).
Passphrase. To generate WEP keys using a Passphrase, enter the Passphrase and click the Generate key.
Key 1-4. If you want to manually enter WEP keys, then complete the fields provided. Each WEP key can consist of
the letters “A” through “F” and the numbers “0” through “9”. It should be 10 characters in length for 64-bit
encryption or 26 characters in length for 128-bit encryption.
Figure 6-9: Wireless Security - RADIUS Screen
TX Key. Select which Key to use for data transmissions.
Change these settings as described here and click Save Settings to apply your changes, or click Cancel
Changes to cancel your changes. Click Help for more information.
WEP
Encryption. Select a level of WEP encryption, 40/64 bits (10 hex digits) or 104/128 bits (26 hex digits).
Passphrase. To generate WEP keys using a Passphrase, enter the Passphrase and click the Generate key.
Key 1-4. If you want to manually enter WEP keys, then complete the fields provided. Each WEP key can consist of
the letters “A” through “F” and the numbers “0” through “9”. It should be 10 characters in length for 64-bit
encryption or 26 characters in length for 128-bit encryption.
TX Key. Select which Key to use for data transmissions.
Change these settings as described here and click Save Settings to apply your changes, or click Cancel
Changes to cancel your changes. Click Help for more information.
Figure 6-10: Wireless Security - WEP Screen
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The Wireless - Wireless MAC Filter Tab
This screen allows you to permit or block wireless access for computers with specific MAC addresses.
Wireless MAC Filter
Access Restriction
If you want to allow access to your wireless network, select Enable. Then, click Permit PCs listed below to
access the wireless network.
MAC 1-50. Enter the MAC addresses of the computers whose access you want to allow. To see a list of MAC
addresses for wireless computers or clients, click the Wireless Client Table button.
The Wireless Client List screen will list MAC addresses for your wireless devices. Click the Refresh button to get
the most up-to-date information. To add a specific computer to the Mac Address Filter List, click the Save to
MAC Filter button and then the Add button. Click the Close button to return to the Wireless MAC Address Filter
screen.
Click the Clear button if you want to delete a MAC addresses you have entered.
Figure 6-11: Wireless - Wireless MAC Filter Screen
Change these settings as described here and click Save Settings to apply your changes, or click Cancel
Changes to cancel your changes. Click Help for more information.
mac address: the unique address that a manufacturer
assigns to each networking device.
Figure 6-12: Wireless - Wireless Client Table
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The Wireless - Advanced Wireless Settings Tab
This screen allows you to configure the advanced settings for the Access Point. In most cases, these settings do
not need to be changed.
Advanced Wireless
You can change the data transmission and output power settings for the Access Point.
Authentication Type. Select the authentication method you want the Access Point to use, Shared Key, Open
System, or Auto. Shared Key is when both the sender and the recipient share a WEP key for authentication.
Open System is when the sender and the recipient do not share a WEP key for authentication. All devices on your
network must use the same authentication type. In most cases, keep the default, Open System, otherwise use
Auto.
CTS Protection Mode. The CTS (Clear-To-Send) Protection Mode function boosts the Access Point’s ability to
catch all Wireless-G transmissions but will severely decrease performance. Select Enable if you want to
permanently enable this feature, or keep the default, Disable, if you want to permanently disable this feature. In
most cases, CTS Protection Mode should remain disabled, unless the Wireless-G products are experiencing
severe problems trying to transmit to the Access Point in an environment with heavy 802.11b traffic.
Figure 6-13: Wireless - Advanced Wireless
Settings Screen
cts (clear-to-send): a signal sent by a wireless device,
signifying that it is ready to receive data.
ACK Mode. This setting prioritizes QoS for users who also have ACK Mode enabled. Users with Immediate ACK
(the default setting) will experience reliable connectivity for normal network use. Burst ACK is faster but less
reliable and may also affect long-range wireless performance. The No ACK setting disables the ACK feature.
Clients utilizing ACK must have their wireless adapter on the same setting as the Router. This is normally used in
a multicast broadcast like video. Do not use this unless you are an advanced user.
Transmission Rates. The range is from 1 to 108Mbps. The rate of data transmission should be set depending on
the speed of your wireless network. You can select from a range of transmission speeds, or you can keep the
default setting, Auto (Default), to have the Access Point automatically use the fastest possible data rate and
enable the Auto-Fallback feature. Auto-Fallback will negotiate the best possible connection speed between the
Access Point and a wireless client.
Preamble Type. The preamble defines the length of the CRC block for communication between the Access Point
and the roaming Network Card. (High network traffic areas should use the shorter preamble type.) Select the
appropriate preamble type, Long Preamble (default) or Short Preamble.
Network Density. This setting is a reflection of the Access Point’s range. Setting the density to Low provides you
with a greater range. Setting the density to High gives you a lower range. The default setting is Low.
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Beacon Interval. This value indicates the frequency interval of the beacon. A beacon is a packet broadcast by
the Access Point to keep the network synchronized. A beacon includes the wireless networks service area, the
Access Point address, the Broadcast destination addresses, a time stamp, Delivery Traffic Indicator Maps, and
the Traffic Indicator Message (TIM).
DTIM Interval. This value indicates how often the Access Point sends out a Delivery Traffic Indication Message
(DTIM). Lower settings result in more efficient networking, while preventing your PC from dropping into powersaving sleep mode. Higher settings allow your PC to enter sleep mode, thus saving power, but interferes with
wireless transmissions.
packet: a unit of data sent over a network.
beacon internal: data transmitted on your wireless network
that keeps the network synchronized.
dtim (delivery traffic indication message): a message
included in data packets that can increase wireless
efficiency.
Fragmentation Threshold. This specifies the maximum size a data packet can be before splitting and creating fragmentation: breaking a packet into smaller units
a new packet. It should remain at its default setting of 2346. A smaller setting means smaller packets, which will when transmitting over a network.
create more packets for each transmission. If you have decreased this value and experience high packet error
rates, you can increase it again, but it will likely decrease overall network performance. Only minor modifications
of this value are recommended.
RTS Threshold. This setting determines how large a packet can be before the Access Point coordinates
transmission and reception to ensure efficient communication. This value should remain at its default setting of
2347. Should you encounter inconsistent data flow, only minor modifications are recommended.
rts (request to send): a networking method of coordinating
large packets through the RTS Threshold setting.
Change these settings as described here and click Save Settings to apply your changes, or click Cancel
Changes to cancel your changes. Click Help for more information.
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The Administration - Management Tab
On this screen you can configure the password as well as back up or restore the Access Point’s configuration file.
Management
You should change the password that controls access to the Access Point’s Web-based Utility.
AP’s Password
Password. Create a Password for the Access Point’s Web-based Utility.
Re-enter to Confirm. To confirm the new Password, enter it again in this field.
Figure 6-14: Administration - Management Screen
Backup and Restore
On this screen you can create a backup configuration file or save a configuration file to the Access Point.
Backup Settings. To save a backup configuration file on a computer, click the Backup Settings button and
follow the on-screen instructions.
Restore Settings. To upload a configuration file to the Access Point, click the Restore Settings button and
follow the on-screen instructions.
Change these settings as described here and click Save Settings to apply your changes, or click Cancel
Changes to cancel your changes. Click Help for more information.
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Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
The Administration - Log Tab
On this screen you can configure the log settings.
Management
You can have logs that keep track of the Access Point’s activities.
Log
To enable the Log support feature, select Enabled. Otherwise, select Disabled.
Figure 6-15: Administration - Log Screen
Logviewer IP Address. If you have chosen to monitor the Access Point’s traffic, then you can designate a PC that
will receive permanent log files periodically. In the field provided, enter the IP address of this PC. To view these
permanent logs, you must use Logviewer software, which can be downloaded free of charge from
www.linksys.com.
View Log. To see a temporary log of the Access Point’s most recent activities, click this button. Click the Save
Log button to save the log activity to a file. Click Refresh to refresh the screen. Click Clear to clear the entries.
Click Close to close the screen.
Change these settings as described here and click Save Settings to apply your changes, or click Cancel
Changes to cancel your changes. Click Help for more information.
Figure 6-16: View Log Screen
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The Administration - Factory Defaults Tab
On this screen you can restore the Access Point’s factory default settings.
Management
Write down any custom settings before you restore the factory defaults. Once the Access Point is reset, you will
have to re-enter all of your configuration settings.
Factory Defaults
Restore Factory Defaults. To restore the Access Point's factory default settings, click this button. Then follow
the on-screen instructions.
Figure 6-17: Administration - Factory Defaults Screen
Click Help for more information.
The Administration - Firmware Upgrade Tab
On this screen you can upgrade the Access Point’s firmware. Do not upgrade the firmware unless you are
experiencing problems with the Access Point or the new firmware has a feature you want to use.
Firmware Upgrade
Before you upgrade the Access Point’s firmware, write down all of your custom settings. After you upgrade its
firmware, you will have to re-enter all of your configuration settings. To upgrade the Access Point’s firmware:
1. Download the firmware upgrade file from the Linksys website, www.linksys.com.
2. Extract the firmware upgrade file on your computer.
Figure 6-18: Administration - Firmware Upgrade Screen
3. On the Firmware Upgrade screen, enter the location of the firmware upgrade file in the field provided, or click
the Browse button to find the file.
4. Click the Upgrade button, and follow the on-screen instructions.
upgrade: to replace existing software or
firmware with a newer version
Click Help for more information.
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The Status - Local Network Tab
The Local Network screen displays the Access Point’s current status information for the local network.
AP’s Information
Firmware Version. This is the version of the Access Point’s current firmware.
Local Network
MAC Address. The MAC address of the Access Point’s Local Area Network (LAN) interface is displayed here.
AP’s IP Address. This shows the Access Point’s IP Address, as it appears on your local network.
Figure 6-19: Status - Local Network Screen
Subnet Mask. This shows the Access Point’s Subnet Mask.
Default Gateway. Displayed here is the IP address of the Access Point’s Default Gateway.
Click Help for more information.
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The Status - Wireless Network Tab
The Wireless Network screen displays the Access Point’s current status information for its wireless network.
Wireless Network
MAC Address. The MAC Address of the Access Point’s wireless interface is displayed here.
Mode. The Access Point’s mode is displayed here.
Network Name (SSID). The Access Point’s main SSID is displayed here.
Channel. The Access Point’s Channel setting for wireless broadcast is shown here.
Security. The wireless security setting for the Access Point is displayed here.
Figure 6-20: Status - Wireless Network Screen
SSID Broadcast. Shown here is the setting of the Access Point’s SSID Broadcast feature.
Click Help for more information.
Chapter 6: Configuring the Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
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Appendix A: Troubleshooting
This appendix provides solutions to problems that may occur during the installation and operation of the
Wireless-G Access Point with SRX. Read the description below to solve your problems. If you can't find an answer
here, check the Linksys website at www.linksys.com.
Frequently Asked Questions
Can the Access Point act as my DHCP server?
No. The Access Point is nothing more than a wireless hub, and as such cannot be configured to handle DHCP
capabilities.
Can I run an application from a remote computer over the wireless network?
This will depend on whether or not the application is designed to be used over a network. Consult the
application’s user guide to determine if it supports operation over a network.
Can I play multiplayer games with other users of the wireless network?
Yes, as long as the game supports multiple players over a LAN (local area network). Refer to the game’s user
guide for more information.
What is the IEEE 802.11b standard?
It is one of the IEEE standards for wireless networks. The 802.11b standard allows wireless networking hardware
from different manufacturers to communicate, provided that the hardware complies with the 802.11b standard.
The 802.11b standard states a maximum data transfer rate of 11Mbps and an operating frequency of 2.4GHz.
What is the IEEE 802.11g standard?
It is one of the IEEE standards for wireless networks. The 802.11g standard allows wireless networking hardware
from different manufacturers to communicate, provided that the hardware complies with the 802.11g standard.
The 802.11g standard states a maximum data transfer rate of 54Mbps and an operating frequency of 2.4GHz.
What IEEE 802.11b features are supported?
The product supports the following IEEE 802.11 functions:
• CSMA/CA plus Acknowledge protocol
• Multi-Channel Roaming
• Automatic Rate Selection
• RTS/CTS feature
• Fragmentation
• Power Management
Appendix A: Troubleshooting
Frequently Asked Questions
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Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
What IEEE 802.11g features are supported?
The product supports the following IEEE 802.11g functions:
• CSMA/CA plus Acknowledge protocol
• OFDM protocol
• Multi-Channel Roaming
• Automatic Rate Selection
• RTS/CTS feature
• Fragmentation
• Power Management
What is Ad-hoc?
An Ad-hoc wireless LAN is a group of computers, each with a WLAN adapter, connected as an independent
wireless LAN. An Ad-hoc wireless LAN is applicable at a departmental scale for a branch or SOHO operation.
What is Infrastructure?
An integrated wireless and wired LAN is called an Infrastructure configuration. Infrastructure is applicable to
enterprise scale for wireless access to a central database, or wireless application for mobile workers.
What is roaming?
Roaming is the ability of a portable computer to communicate continuously while its user is moving freely
throughout an area greater than that covered by a single Access Point. Before using the roaming function, the
user must make sure that the computer is set to the same channel number as the Access Point of the dedicated
coverage area.
To achieve true seamless connectivity, the wireless LAN must incorporate a number of different functions. Each
node and Access Point, for example, must always acknowledge receipt of each message. Each node must
maintain contact with the wireless network even when not actually transmitting data. Achieving these functions
simultaneously requires a dynamic RF networking technology that links Access Points and nodes. In such a
system, the user’s end node undertakes a search for the best possible access to the system. First, it evaluates
such factors as signal strength and quality, as well as the message load currently being carried by each Access
Point and the distance of each Access Point to the wired backbone. Based on that information, the node next
selects the right Access Point and registers its address. Communications between end node and host computer
can then be transmitted up and down the backbone.
As the user moves on, the end node’s RF transmitter regularly checks the system to determine whether it is in
touch with the original Access Point or whether it should seek a new one. When a node no longer receives
acknowledgment from its original Access Point, it undertakes a new search. Upon finding a new Access Point, it
then re-registers, and the communication process continues.
Appendix A: Troubleshooting
Frequently Asked Questions
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Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
What is the ISM band?
The FCC and their counterparts outside of the U.S. have set aside bandwidth for unlicensed use in the ISM
(Industrial, Scientific and Medical) band. Spectrum in the vicinity of 2.4 GHz, in particular, is being made available
worldwide. This presents a truly revolutionary opportunity to place convenient high speed wireless capabilities in
the hands of users around the globe.
What is Spread Spectrum?
Spread Spectrum technology is a wideband radio frequency technique developed by the military for use in
reliable, secure, mission-critical communications systems. It is designed to trade off bandwidth efficiency for
reliability, integrity, and security. In other words, more bandwidth is consumed than in the case of narrowband
transmission, but the trade-off produces a signal that is, in effect, louder and thus easier to detect, provided that
the receiver knows the parameters of the spread-spectrum signal being broadcast. If a receiver is not tuned to
the right frequency, a spread-spectrum signal looks like background noise. There are two main alternatives,
Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum (DSSS) and Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum (FHSS).
What is DSSS? What is FHSS? And what are their differences?
Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum (FHSS) uses a narrowband carrier that changes frequency in a pattern that
is known to both transmitter and receiver. Properly synchronized, the net effect is to maintain a single logical
channel. To an unintended receiver, FHSS appears to be short-duration impulse noise. Direct Sequence Spread
Spectrum (DSSS) generates a redundant bit pattern for each bit to be transmitted. This bit pattern is called a chip
(or chipping code). The longer the chip, the greater the probability that the original data can be recovered. Even if
one or more bits in the chip are damaged during transmission, statistical techniques embedded in the radio can
recover the original data without the need for retransmission. To an unintended receiver, DSSS appears as low
power wideband noise and is rejected (ignored) by most narrowband receivers.
Would the information be intercepted while transmitting on air?
WLAN features two-fold protection in security. On the hardware side, as with Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum
technology, it has the inherent security feature of scrambling. On the software side, the WLAN series offers a
variety of wireless security methods to enhance security and access control. Users can set it up depending upon
their needs.
Can Linksys wireless products support file and printer sharing?
Linksys wireless products perform the same function as LAN products. Therefore, Linksys wireless products can
work with NetWare, Windows NT/2000, or other LAN operating systems to support printer or file sharing.
What is WEP?
WEP is Wired Equivalent Privacy, a data privacy mechanism based on a 40-bit shared-key algorithm, as described
in the IEEE 802.11 standard.
Appendix A: Troubleshooting
Frequently Asked Questions
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Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
What is a MAC Address?
The Media Access Control (MAC) address is a unique number assigned by the manufacturer to any Ethernet
networking device, such as a network adapter, that allows the network to identify it at the hardware level. For all
practical purposes, this number is usually permanent. Unlike IP addresses, which can change every time a
computer logs on to the network, the MAC address of a device stays the same, making it a valuable identifier for
the network.
How do I avoid interference?
Using multiple Access Points on the same channel and in close proximity to one another will generate
interference. When employing multiple Access Points, make sure to operate each one on a different channel
(frequency).
How do I reset the Access Point?
Press the Reset button on the back of the Access Point for about ten seconds. This will reset the unit to its default
settings.
How do I resolve issues with signal loss?
There is no way to know the exact range of your wireless network without testing. Every obstacle placed between
an Access Point and wireless PC will create signal loss. Leaded glass, metal, concrete floors, water, and walls
will inhibit the signal and reduce range. Start with your Access Point and your wireless PC in the same room and
move it away in small increments to determine the maximum range in your environment.
You may also try using different channels, as this may eliminate interference affecting only one channel. Also,
open the Access Point’s Web-based Utility. Click the Wireless tab and then the Advanced Wireless tab. Make
sure the Output Power is set to 100%.
Does the Access Point function as a firewall?
No. The Access Point is only a bridge from wired Ethernet to wireless clients.
I have excellent signal strength, but I cannot see my network.
Wireless security, such as WEP or WPA, is probably enabled on the Access Point, but not on your wireless adapter
(or vice versa). Verify that the same wireless security settings are being used on all devices in your wireless
network.
What is the maximum number of users the Access Point can handle?
No more than 65, but this depends on the volume of data and may be fewer if many users create a large amount
of network traffic.
Appendix A: Troubleshooting
Frequently Asked Questions
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Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
Appendix B: Wireless Security
Linksys wants to make wireless networking as safe and easy for you as possible. The current generation of
Linksys products provide several network security features, but they require specific action on your part for
implementation. So, keep the following in mind whenever you are setting up or using your wireless network.
Security Precautions
The following is a complete list of security precautions to take (as shown in this User Guide) (at least steps 1
through 5 should be followed):
1. Change the default SSID.
2. Disable SSID Broadcast.
3. Change the default password for the Administrator account.
4. Enable MAC Address Filtering.
5. Change the SSID periodically.
NOTE: Some of these security features are
available only through the network router or
access point. Refer to the router or access
point’s documentation for more information.
6. Use the highest encryption algorithm possible. Use WPA if it is available. Please note that this may reduce
your network performance.
7. Change the WEP encryption keys periodically.
To ensure network security, steps one through five should be followed, at least.
Security Threats Facing Wireless Networks
Wireless networks are easy to find. Hackers know that in order to join a wireless network, wireless networking
products first listen for “beacon messages”. These messages can be easily decrypted and contain much of the
network’s information, such as the network’s SSID (Service Set Identifier). Here are the steps you can take:
Change the administrator’s password regularly. With every wireless networking device you use, keep in
mind that network settings (SSID, WEP keys, etc.) are stored in its firmware. Your network administrator is the
only person who can change network settings. If a hacker gets a hold of the administrator’s password, he, too,
can change those settings. So, make it harder for a hacker to get that information. Change the administrator’s
password regularly.
Appendix B: Wireless Security
Security Precautions
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Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
SSID. There are several things to keep in mind about the SSID:
1. Disable Broadcast
2. Make it unique
3. Change it often
Most wireless networking devices will give you the option of broadcasting the SSID. While this option may be
more convenient, it allows anyone to log into your wireless network. This includes hackers. So, don’t broadcast
the SSID.
Wireless networking products come with a default SSID set by the factory. (The Linksys default SSID is “linksys”.)
Hackers know these defaults and can check these against your network. Change your SSID to something unique
and not something related to your company or the networking products you use.
Change your SSID regularly so that any hackers who have gained access to your wireless network will have to
start from the beginning in trying to break in.
MAC Addresses. Enable MAC Address filtering. MAC Address filtering will allow you to provide access to only
those wireless nodes with certain MAC Addresses. This makes it harder for a hacker to access your network with
a random MAC Address.
WEP Encryption. Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) is often looked upon as a cure-all for wireless security
concerns. This is overstating WEP’s ability. Again, this can only provide enough security to make a hacker’s job
more difficult.
There are several ways that WEP can be maximized:
1. Use the highest level of encryption possible
2. Use “Shared Key” authentication
IMPORTANT: Always remember that each
device in your wireless network MUST use the
same encryption method and encryption key or
your wireless network will not function properly.
3. Change your WEP key regularly
WPA. Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) is the newest and best available standard in Wi-Fi security. Four modes are
available: WPA-Personal, WPA2-Personal, WPA-Enterprise, and RADIUS. WPA-Personal gives you a choice of two
encryption methods: TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol), which utilizes a stronger encryption method and
incorporates Message Integrity Code (MIC) to provide protection against hackers, and AES (Advanced Encryption
Standard), which utilizes a symmetric 128-Bit block data encryption. WPA2-Personal only uses AES encryption,
which is stronger than TKIP. WPA-Enterprise offers two encryption methods, TKIP and AES, with dynamic
encryption keys. RADIUS (Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service) utilizes a RADIUS server for authentication.
Appendix B: Wireless Security
Security Threats Facing Wireless Networks
40
Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
WPA-Personal. If you do not have a RADIUS server, select the type of algorithm you want to use, TKIP or AES,
and enter a password in the Passphrase field of 8-63 characters.
WPA2-Personal. Enter a password in the Passphrase field of 8-63 characters.
WPA-Enterprise. WPA used in coordination with a RADIUS server. (This should only be used when a RADIUS
server is connected to the Router or other device.) WPA-Enterprise offers two encryption methods, TKIP and
AES, with dynamic encryption keys. Enter the RADIUS server’s IP Address and port number, along with a key
shared between the device and the server. Last, enter a Group Key Renewal period, which instructs the device
how often it should change the encryption keys.
RADIUS. WEP used in coordination with a RADIUS server. (This should only be used when a RADIUS server is
connected to the Router or other device.) First, enter the RADIUS server’s IP Address and port number, along
with a key shared between the device and the server. Then, select a WEP key and a level of WEP encryption,
and either generate a WEP key through the Passphrase or enter the WEP key manually.
Implementing encryption may have a negative impact on your network’s performance, but if you are transmitting
sensitive data over your network, encryption should be used.
These security recommendations should help keep your mind at ease while you are enjoying the most flexible
and convenient technology Linksys has to offer.
Appendix B: Wireless Security
Security Threats Facing Wireless Networks
41
Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
Appendix C: Upgrading Firmware
The Access Point's firmware is upgraded through the Web-based Utility’s Administration - Firmware Upgrade tab.
Follow these instructions:
1. Download the firmware upgrade file from the Linksys website, www.linksys.com.
2. Extract the firmware upgrade file on your computer.
3. Open the Access Point’s Web-based Utility.
4. Click the Administration tab.
5. Click the Upgrade Firmware tab.
6. On the Firmware Upgrade screen, enter the location of the firmware upgrade file in the field provided, or click
the Browse button to find the file.
Figure C-1: Firmware Upgrade
7. Click the Upgrade button, and follow the on-screen instructions.
Appendix C: Upgrading Firmware
42
Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
Appendix D: Windows Help
Almost all wireless products require Microsoft Windows. Windows is the most used operating system in the world
and comes with many features that help make networking easier. These features can be accessed through
Windows Help and are described in this appendix.
TCP/IP
Before a computer can communicate with the Access Point, TCP/IP must be enabled. TCP/IP is a set of
instructions, or protocol, all PCs follow to communicate over a network. This is true for wireless networks as well.
Your PCs will not be able to utilize wireless networking without having TCP/IP enabled. Windows Help provides
complete instructions on enabling TCP/IP.
Shared Resources
If you wish to share printers, folder, or files over your network, Windows Help provides complete instructions on
utilizing shared resources.
Network Neighborhood/My Network Places
Other PCs on your network will appear under Network Neighborhood or My Network Places (depending upon the
version of Windows you're running). Windows Help provides complete instructions on adding PCs to your
network.
Appendix D: Windows Help
43
Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
Appendix E: Glossary
This glossary contains some basic networking terms you may come across when using this product. For more
advanced terms, see the complete Linksys glossary at http://www.linksys.com/glossary.
Access Point - A device that allows wireless-equipped computers and other devices to communicate with a
wired network. Also used to expand the range of a wireless network.
Ad-hoc - A group of wireless devices communicating directly with each other (peer-to-peer) without the use of
an access point.
AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) - A security method that uses symmetric 128-bit block data encryption.
Bandwidth - The transmission capacity of a given device or network.
Bit - A binary digit.
Boot - To start a device and cause it to start executing instructions.
Broadband - An always-on, fast Internet connection.
Browser - An application program that provides a way to look at and interact with all the information on the
World Wide Web.
Byte - A unit of data that is usually eight bits long.
Cable Modem - A device that connects a computer to the cable television network, which in turn connects to the
Internet.
Daisy Chain - A method used to connect devices in a series, one after the other.
DDNS (Dynamic Domain Name System) - Allows the hosting of a website, FTP server, or e-mail server with a
fixed domain name (e.g., www.xyz.com) and a dynamic IP address.
Default Gateway - A device that forwards Internet traffic from your local area network.
DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) - A networking protocol that allows administrators to assign
temporary IP addresses to network computers by “leasing” an IP address to a user for a limited amount of time,
instead of assigning permanent IP addresses.
Appendix E: Glossary
44
Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
DMZ (Demilitarized Zone) - Removes the Router's firewall protection from one PC, allowing it to be “seen” from
the Internet.
DNS (Domain Name Server) - The IP address of your ISP's server, which translates the names of websites into IP
addresses.
Domain - A specific name for a network of computers.
Download - To receive a file transmitted over a network.
DSL (Digital Subscriber Line) - An always-on broadband connection over traditional phone lines.
Dynamic IP Address - A temporary IP address assigned by a DHCP server.
EAP (Extensible Authentication Protocol) - A general authentication protocol used to control network access.
Many specific authentication methods work within this framework.
Encryption - Encoding data transmitted in a network.
Ethernet - IEEE standard network protocol that specifies how data is placed on and retrieved from a common
transmission medium.
Firewall - A set of related programs located at a network gateway server that protects the resources of a
network from users from other networks.
Firmware - The programming code that runs a networking device.
FTP (File Transfer Protocol) - A protocol used to transfer files over a TCP/IP network.
Full Duplex - The ability of a networking device to receive and transmit data simultaneously.
Gateway - A device that interconnects networks with different, incompatible communications protocols.
Half Duplex - Data transmission that can occur in two directions over a single line, but only one direction at a
time.
HTTP (HyperText Transport Protocol) - The communications protocol used to connect to servers on the World
Wide Web.
Infrastructure - A wireless network that is bridged to a wired network via an access point.
IP (Internet Protocol) - A protocol used to send data over a network.
Appendix E: Glossary
45
Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
IP Address - The address used to identify a computer or device on a network.
IPCONFIG - A Windows 2000 and XP utility that displays the IP address for a particular networking device.
IPSec (Internet Protocol Security) - A VPN protocol used to implement secure exchange of packets at the IP layer.
ISP (Internet Service Provider) - A company that provides access to the Internet.
LAN - The computers and networking products that make up your local network.
MAC (Media Access Control) Address - The unique address that a manufacturer assigns to each networking
device.
Mbps (MegaBits Per Second) - One million bits per second; a unit of measurement for data transmission.
NAT (Network Address Translation) - NAT technology translates IP addresses of a local area network to a different
IP address for the Internet.
Network - A series of computers or devices connected for the purpose of data sharing, storage, and/or
transmission between users.
Packet - A unit of data sent over a network.
Passphrase - Used much like a password, a passphrase simplifies the WEP encryption process by automatically
generating the WEP encryption keys for Linksys products.
Ping (Packet INternet Groper) - An Internet utility used to determine whether a particular IP address is online.
POP3 (Post Office Protocol 3) - A standard mail server commonly used on the Internet.
Port - The connection point on a computer or networking device used for plugging in cables or adapters.
Power over Ethernet (PoE) - A technology enabling an Ethernet network cable to deliver both data and power.
PPPoE (Point to Point Protocol over Ethernet) - A type of broadband connection that provides authentication
(username and password) in addition to data transport.
PPTP (Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol) - A VPN protocol that allows the Point to Point Protocol (PPP) to be
tunneled through an IP network. This protocol is also used as a type of broadband connection in Europe.
RADIUS (Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service) - A protocol that uses an authentication server to control
network access.
Appendix E: Glossary
46
Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
RJ-45 (Registered Jack-45) - An Ethernet connector that holds up to eight wires.
Roaming - The ability to take a wireless device from one access point's range to another without losing the
connection.
Router - A networking device that connects multiple networks together.
Server - Any computer whose function in a network is to provide user access to files, printing, communications,
and other services.
SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) - The standard e-mail protocol on the Internet.
SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) - A widely used network monitoring and control protocol.
SPI (Stateful Packet Inspection) Firewall - A technology that inspects incoming packets of information before
allowing them to enter the network.
SSID (Service Set IDentifier) - Your wireless network's name.
Static IP Address - A fixed address assigned to a computer or device that is connected to a network.
Static Routing - Forwarding data in a network via a fixed path.
Subnet Mask - An address code that determines the size of the network.
Switch - 1. A data switch that connects computing devices to host computers, allowing a large number of
devices to share a limited number of ports. 2. A device for making, breaking, or changing the connections in an
electrical circuit.
TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) - A network protocol for transmitting data that requires acknowledgement
from the recipient of data sent.
TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) - A set of instructions PCs use to communicate over a
network.
Telnet - A user command and TCP/IP protocol used for accessing remote PCs.
TFTP (Trivial File Transfer Protocol) - A version of the TCP/IP FTP protocol that has no directory or password
capability.
Throughput - The amount of data moved successfully from one node to another in a given time period.
Appendix E: Glossary
47
Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) - a wireless encryption protocol that provides dynamic encryption keys for
each packet transmitted.
Topology - The physical layout of a network.
TX Rate - Transmission Rate.
Upgrade - To replace existing software or firmware with a newer version.
Upload - To transmit a file over a network.
URL (Uniform Resource Locator) - The address of a file located on the Internet.
VPN (Virtual Private Network) - A security measure to protect data as it leaves one network and goes to another
over the Internet.
WAN (Wide Area Network)- The Internet.
WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) - A method of encrypting network data transmitted on a wireless network for
greater security.
WLAN (Wireless Local Area Network) - A group of computers and associated devices that communicate with
each other wirelessly.
WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access) - A wireless security protocol using TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol)
encryption, which can be used in conjunction with a RADIUS server.
Appendix E: Glossary
48
Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
Appendix F: Specifications
Model
WAP54GX
Standards
IEEE 802.11g, IEEE 802.11b, IEEE 802.3, IEEE 802.3u
Ports/Buttons
Reset, Ethernet, Power
Cabling Type
RJ-45
LEDs
Ethernet, Wireless, and Power
Transmit Power
802.11g: Typ. 19dBm @ Normal Temp Range
802.11b: Typ:19dBm @ Normal Temp Range
Security Features
WPA/WPA2, WEP Encryption, MAC Filtering, SSID Broadcast
enable/disable
WEP Key Bits
64/128-bit
Dimensions
(W x H x D)
5.51" x 5.51" x 1.30"
(140 mm x 140 mm x 33 mm)
Unit Weight
12.8 oz. (0.36 kg)
Power
External, 12V DC
Certifications
FCC, CE, Wi-FI
Operating Temp.
0ºC to 40ºC (32ºF to 104ºF)
Storage Temp.
0ºC to 70ºC (-40ºF to 158ºF)
Appendix F: Specifications
49
Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
Operating Humidity
10% to 85% Non-Condensing
Storage Humidity
5% to 90% Non-Condensing
Appendix F: Specifications
50
Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
Appendix G: Warranty Information
LIMITED WARRANTY
Linksys warrants to You that, for a period of three years (the “Warranty Period”), your Linksys Product will be substantially
free of defects in materials and workmanship under normal use. Your exclusive remedy and Linksys' entire liability under
this warranty will be for Linksys at its option to repair or replace the Product or refund Your purchase price less any
rebates. This limited warranty extends only to the original purchaser.
If the Product proves defective during the Warranty Period call Linksys Technical Support in order to obtain a Return
Authorization Number, if applicable. BE SURE TO HAVE YOUR PROOF OF PURCHASE ON HAND WHEN CALLING. If You are
requested to return the Product, mark the Return Authorization Number clearly on the outside of the package and include a
copy of your original proof of purchase. RETURN REQUESTS CANNOT BE PROCESSED WITHOUT PROOF OF PURCHASE. You
are responsible for shipping defective Products to Linksys. Linksys pays for UPS Ground shipping from Linksys back to You
only. Customers located outside of the United States of America and Canada are responsible for all shipping and handling
charges.
ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES AND CONDITIONS OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE LIMITED
TO THE DURATION OF THE WARRANTY PERIOD. ALL OTHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED CONDITIONS, REPRESENTATIONS AND
WARRANTIES, INCLUDING ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OF NON-INFRINGEMENT, ARE DISCLAIMED. Some jurisdictions do not
allow limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts, so the above limitation may not apply to You. This warranty gives
You specific legal rights, and You may also have other rights which vary by jurisdiction.
This warranty does not apply if the Product (a) has been altered, except by Linksys, (b) has not been installed, operated,
repaired, or maintained in accordance with instructions supplied by Linksys, or (c) has been subjected to abnormal
physical or electrical stress, misuse, negligence, or accident. In addition, due to the continual development of new
techniques for intruding upon and attacking networks, Linksys does not warrant that the Product will be free of
vulnerability to intrusion or attack.
TO THE EXTENT NOT PROHIBITED BY LAW, IN NO EVENT WILL LINKSYS BE LIABLE FOR ANY LOST DATA, REVENUE OR
PROFIT, OR FOR SPECIAL, INDIRECT, CONSEQUENTIAL, INCIDENTAL OR PUNITIVE DAMAGES, REGARDLESS OF THE THEORY
OF LIABILITY (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE), ARISING OUT OF OR RELATED TO THE USE OF OR INABILITY TO USE THE PRODUCT
(INCLUDING ANY SOFTWARE), EVEN IF LINKSYS HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. IN NO EVENT
WILL LINKSYS’ LIABILITY EXCEED THE AMOUNT PAID BY YOU FOR THE PRODUCT. The foregoing limitations will apply even
if any warranty or remedy provided under this Agreement fails of its essential purpose. Some jurisdictions do not allow the
exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages, so the above limitation or exclusion may not apply to You.
Please direct all inquiries to: Linksys, P.O. Box 18558, Irvine, CA 92623.
51
Appendix G: Warranty Information
Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
Appendix H: Regulatory Information
FCC Statement
This product has been tested and complies with the specifications for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the
FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential
installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used
according to the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee
that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or
television reception, which is found by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the
interference by one or more of the following measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna
• Increase the separation between the equipment or devices
• Connect the equipment to an outlet other than the receiver's
• Consult a dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for assistance
FCC Radiation Exposure Statement
This equipment complies with FCC radiation exposure limits set forth for an uncontrolled environment. This equipment
should be installed and operated with minimum distance 20cm between the radiator and your body.
Safety Notices
Caution: To reduce the risk of fire, use only No.26 AWG or larger telecommunication line cord.
Do not use this product near water, for example, in a wet basement or near a swimming pool.
Avoid using this product during an electrical storm. There may be a remote risk of electric shock from lightning.
Industry Canada (Canada)
This device complies with Canadian ICES-003 and RSS210 rules.
Cet appareil est conforme aux normes NMB-003 et RSS210 d'Industry Canada.
Appendix H: Regulatory Information
52
Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
User Information for Consumer Products Covered by EU Directive 2002/96/EC on Waste Electric and Electronic
Equipment (WEEE)
This document contains important information for users with regards to the proper disposal and recycling of Linksys
products. Consumers are required to comply with this notice for all electronic products bearing the following symbol:
Appendix H: Regulatory Information
53
Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
Appendix H: Regulatory Information
54
Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
Appendix H: Regulatory Information
55
Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
Appendix H: Regulatory Information
56
Dual-Band Wireless Access Point
For more information, visit www.linksys.com.
Appendix H: Regulatory Information
57
Wireless-G Access Point with SRX
Appendix I: Contact Information
Need to contact Linksys?
Visit us online for information on the latest products and updates
to your existing products at:
http://www.linksys.com or
ftp.linksys.com
Can't find information about a product you want to buy
on the web? Do you want to know more about networking
with Linksys products? Give our advice line a call at:
Or fax your request in to:
800-546-5797 (LINKSYS)
949-823-3002
If you experience problems with any Linksys product,
you can call us at:
Don't wish to call? You can e-mail us at:
800-326-7114
[email protected]
If any Linksys product proves defective during its warranty period,
you can call the Linksys Return Merchandise Authorization
department for obtaining a Return Authorization Number at:
(Details on Warranty and RMA issues can be found in the Warranty
Information section in this Guide.)
949-823-3000
58
Appendix I: Contact Information
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