Chapter 2 - AutomationDirect

Chapter 2 - AutomationDirect

Installation and Safety

Guidelines

1

2

In This Chapter. . . .

— Safety Guidelines

— Panel Design Specifications

— Component Dimensions

— Base Mounting Dimensions

— Installing Components in the Base

— I/O Wiring

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Installation and Safety Guidelines

Safety Guidelines

WARNING: Providing a safe operating environment for personnel and equipment is your responsibility and should be your primary goal during system planning and installation. Automation systems can fail and may result in situations that can cause serious injury to personnel or damage to equipment. Do not rely on the automation system alone to provide a safe operating environment. You should use external electromechanical devices, such as relays or limit switches, that are independent of the PLC system to provide protection for any part of the system that may cause personal injury or damage.

Every automation application is different, so there may be special requirements for your particular application. Make sure you follow all

National, State, and local government requirements for the proper installation and use of your equipment.

Plan for Safety

The best way to provide a safe operating environment is to make personnel and equipment safety part of the planning process. You should examine every aspect of the system to determine which areas are critical to operator or machine safety.

If you are not familiar with PLC system installation practices, or your company does not have established installation guidelines, you should obtain additional information from the following sources.

NEMA — The National Electrical Manufacturers Association, located in

Washington, D.C., publishes many different documents that discuss standards for industrial control systems. You can order these publications directly from NEMA. Some of these include:

ICS 1, General Standards for Industrial Control and Systems

ICS 3, Industrial Systems

ICS 6, Enclosures for Industrial Control Systems

NEC — The National Electrical Code provides regulations concerning the installation and use of various types of electrical equipment. Copies of the NEC Handbook can often be obtained from your local electrical equipment distributor or your local library.

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Local and State Agencies — many local governments and state governments have additional requirements above and beyond those described in the NEC Handbook. Check with your local Electrical

Inspector or Fire Marshall office for information.

Safety Techniques

The publications mentioned provide many ideas and requirements for system safety. At a minimum, you should follow these regulations. Also, you should use the following techniques, which may help reduce the risk of safety concerns.

Orderly system shutdown sequence in the PLC control program.

System power disconnects (guard limits, emergency stop switches, etc.)

DL305 User Manual, Rev. D

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Guard Limit Switch

Emergency

Stop

Installation and Safety Guidelines

Three Levels of

Protection

Emergency Stops

The publications mentioned provide many ideas and requirements for system safety. At a minimum, you should follow these regulations. Using the techniques listed below will further help reduce the risk of safety problems.

Emergency stop switch for disconnecting system power.

Mechanical disconnect for output module power.

Orderly system shutdown sequence in the PLC control program.

It is recommended that emergency stop circuits be incorporated into the system for every machine controlled by a PLC. For maximum safety in a PLC system, these circuits must not be wired into the controller, but should be hardwired external to the

PLC. The emergency stop switches should be easily accessed by the operator and are generally wired into a master control relay (MCR) or a safety control relay (SCR) that will remove power from the PLC I/O system in an emergency.

MCRs and SCRs provide a convenient means for removing power from the I/O system during an emergency situation. by de--energizing an MCR (or SCR) coil, power to the input (optional) and output devices is removed. This event occurs when any emergency stop switch opens. However, the PLC continues to receive power and operate even though all its inputs and outputs are disabled.

The MCR circuit could be extended by placing a PLC fault relay (closed during normal PLC operation) in series with any other emergency stop conditions. This would cause the MCR circuit to drop the PLC I/O power in case of a PLC failure

(memory error, I/O communications error. etc.).

E STOP

Use E-Stop and Master Relay

Power On Guard

Limit

Master

Relay

Master Relay Contacts

Master

Relay

Contacts

To disconnect output module power

Master

Relay

Contacts

To disconnect PLC Power

Output

Module

Saw

Arbor

DL305 User Manual, Rev. D

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Installation and Safety Guidelines

Emergency Power

Disconnect

Orderly System

Shutdown

A properly rated emergency power disconnect should be used to power the PLC controlled system as ameans of removing the power from the entire control system.

It may be necessary to install a capacitor across the disconnect to protect against a condition known as “outrush“. This condition occurs when the output triacs are turned off by powering off the disconnect, thus causing the energy stored in the inductive loads to seek the shortest distance to ground, which is often through the triacs.

After an emergency shutdown or any other type of power interruption, there may be requirements that must be met before the PLC control program can be restarted. For example, there may be specific register values that must be established (or maintained from the state prior to the shutdown) before operations can resume. In this case, you may want to use retentive memory locations, or include constants in the control program to ensure a known starting point.

The first level of protection should be included in the PLC control program, which can be used to identify machine problems. You should analyze your application and identify any shutdown sequences that must be performed.

These types of problems are usually things such as jammed parts, etc. that do not pose a risk of personal injury or equipment damage.

Jam

Detect

Turn off

Saw

RST

WARNING: The control program

should not be the only form of protection for any problems that may result in a risk of personal injury or equipment damage.

RST

Retract

Arm

Class 1, Division 2

Approval

This equipment is suitable for use in Class 1, Division 2, groups A, B, C and D or non--hazardous locations only.

WARNING: Explosion Hazard! Substitution of components may impair suitability for Class 1, Division 2.

Do not disconnect equipment unless power has been switched off or area is known to be non--hazardous.

DL305 User Manual, Rev. D

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Installation and Safety Guidelines

Panel Design Specifications

It is important to design your panel properly to help ensure the DL305 products operate within their environmental and electrical limits. Proper installation of your

DL305 system requires an in-depth understanding of electrical control systems. The system installation should comply with the appropriate electrical codes and standards for your area. It is important that your system also conforms to the operating standards for the application to insure proper performance. The DL305 equipment should only be installed by personnel familiar with electrical/industrial applications. The DL305 installation should provide proper ventilation, spacing, and grounding to ensure the equipment will operate as specified. The diagram on the next page references the items in the following list.

1. The bases should be mounted horizontally to provide proper ventilation.

2. There should be a minimum of 7.2” (183mm) and a maximum of 13.75”

(350mm) between bases.

3. A minimum clearance of 2” (50mm) between the base and the top, bottom and right side of the cabinet should be provided.

4. A minimum clearance of 3” (75mm) between the base and the left side of the cabinet should be provided.

5. There must be a minimum of 2” clearance between the panel door and the nearest DL305 component.

6. The ground terminal on the DL305 base must be connected to a single point ground. Copper stranded wire should be used for this connection to achieve a low impedance. Copper eye lugs should be crimped and soldered to the ends of the stranded wire to assure good surface contact.

You should also remove anodized finishes and use copper lugs and star washers at termination points. A rule of thumb is to achieve a 0.1 ohm of DC resistance between the DL305 base and the single point of ground.

7. There must be a single point of ground (i.e. copper bus bar) for all devices in the panel requiring an earth ground return. The single point of ground must be connected to the panel ground termination.

The panel ground termination must be connected to earth ground. For this connection you should use #12 AWG stranded copper wire as a minimum.

Minimum wire sizes, color coding, and general safety practices should comply with appropriate electrical codes and standards for your area.

A good common ground reference (Earth ground) is essential for proper operation of the DL305. The DL305 system and components are designed to operate with a common ground reference. There are several methods of providing an adequate common ground reference. These methods include: a) Installing a ground rod as close to the panel as possible.

b) Connection to the incoming power system ground.

8. Installations where the ambient temperature may approach the lower or upper limits of the specifications should be evaluated properly. To do this place a temperature probe in the panel, close the door and operate the system until the ambient temperature has stabilized. If the ambient temperature is not within the operating specification for the DL305 system, measures such as installing a cooling/heating source must be taken to get the ambient temperature within the DL305 operating specifications.

DL305 User Manual, Rev. D

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Installation and Safety Guidelines

9. Device mounting bolts and ground braid termination bolts should be #10 copper bolts or equivalent. Tapped holes instead of nut--bolt arrangements should be used whenever possible. To assure good contact on termination areas impediments such as paint, coating or corrosion should be removed in the area of contact.

10. The DL305 systems are designed to be powered by 110 VAC , 220 VAC, or

24 VDC normally available throughout an industrial environment. Isolation transformers and noise suppression devices are not normally necessary, but may be helpful in eliminating/reducing suspected power problems.

3” min.

’

DL305 CPU Base

2”

50mm min.

‘

–

2” min.

‘



Temperature

Probe

Power

Source

˜

DL305 Local Expasion Base

7.2” -- 13.75”

183 -- 350mm



2”

50mm min.

‘

•

BUS Bar

“

Panel Ground

Note: there is a minimum of 2” (50mm) clearance between the panel door and the nearest DL305 component.

Earth Ground

Component

Chassis

Terminal

”

Panel Ground Braid

Copper Lugs

Star Washers

ƒ ƒ

Star Washers

Panel or

Single Point

Ground

DL305 User Manual, Rev. D

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Installation and Safety Guidelines

In addition to the panel layout guidelines, there are other specifications that can affect the definition and installation of a PLC system. You should always consider the following areas whenever you install any PLC system.

Environmental Specifications

Power Supply Specifications

Agency Approvals

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Enclosure Selection and Component Dimensions

Environmental

Specifications

The following table lists the environmental specifications that generally apply to the

DL305 system (CPU, Bases I/O modules). I/O module operation may fluctuate depending on the ambient temperature and your application. Please refer to the appropriate I/O module chapters for the temperature derating curves applying to specific modules.

Specification Rating

Storage temperature --4° F to 158° F (--20° C to 70° C)

Ambient operating temperature

32° F to 140° F (0° C to 60° C)

Ambient humidity 5% to 95% relative humidity (non--condensing)

Vibration resistance MIL STD 810C, Method 514.2

Shock resistance MIL STD 810C, Method 516.2

Noise immunity

Atmosphere

NEMA (ICS3--304) 1 uS width rectangular wave

No corrosive gases

Power

The power source must be capable of suppling voltage and current complying with the base power supply specifications.

Specifications D3--05B

Input Voltage Range

100--240 VAC

+10% / --15%

47--63Hz

Base Power

Consumption

70 VA max (46W)

Inrush Current max.

30A

Dielectric Strength

1500VAC for 1 minute between terminals of

AC P/S, Run output,

Common, 24VDC

Insulation Resistance >10MΩ at 500VDC

Power Supply Output

(Voltage Ranges and

Ripple)

(5VDC) 4.75--5.25V

less than 0.1V p--p

(9VDC) 8.5--13.5V

less than 0.2 V p--p

(24VDC) 20--28V less than 1.2V p--p

D3--05BDC

20.5--30 VDC <10% ripple

48 Watts

30A

1500VAC for 1 minute between 24VDC input terminals and Run output

>10MΩ at 500VDC

(5VDC) 4.75--5.25V

less than 0.1V p--p

(9VDC) 8.5--13.5V

less than 0.2 V p--p

(24VDC) 20--28V less than 1.2V p--p

D3--08B

100--240 VAC

+10% / --15%

47--63Hz

70 VA max (57W)

30A

1500VAC for 1 minute between terminals of

AC P/S, Run output,

Common, 24VDC

>10MΩ at 500VDC

(5VDC) 4.75--5.25V

less than 0.1V p--p

(9VDC) 8.0--12.0V

less than 0.2 V p--p

(24VDC) 20--28V less than 1.2V p--p

D3--10B

100--240 VAC

+10% / --15%

47--63Hz

70 VA max (57W)

30A

2000VAC for 1 minute between terminals of

AC P/S, Run output,

Common, 24VDC

>10MΩ at 500VDC

(5VDC) 4.75--5.25V

less than 0.1V p--p

(9VDC) 8.0--12.0V

less than 0.2 V p--p

(24VDC) 20--28V less than 1.2V p--p

DL305 User Manual, Rev. D

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Installation and Safety Guidelines

Agency Approvals

Some applications require agency approvals. Typical agency approvals which your application may require are:

UL (Underwriters’ Laboratories, Inc.)

CSA (Canadian Standards Association)

FM (Factory Mutual Research Corporation)

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CUL (Canadian Underwriters’ Laboratories, Inc.)

Enclosures

Your selection of a proper enclosure is important to ensure safe and proper operation of your DL305 system. Applications of DL305 systems vary and may require additional features. The minimum considerations for enclosures include:

Conformance to electrical standards

Protection from the elements in an industrial environment

Common ground reference

Maintenance of specified ambient temperature

Access to equipment

Security or restricted access

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Sufficient space for proper installation and maintenance of equipment

Component Dimensions

Before installing your PLC system you will need to know the dimensions for the components in your system. The diagrams on the following pages provide the component dimensions and should be used to define your enclosure specifications.

Remember to leave room for potential expansion. Appendix D provides the weights for each component.

DL305 User Manual, Rev. D

5 slot base

4.84”

123mm

8 slot base

4.84”

123mm

10 slot base

1.15”

29.9 mm

I/O Expander cable

1.6’

0.5m

1.37”

34.8mm

CPU

3.86”

96mm

11.41”

290mm

10.63”

270mm

Installation and Safety Guidelines

3.54”

90mm

Handheld Programer on side view of

Base

.94”

24mm

15.55”

395mm

14.76”

375mm

4.41”

112mm

5.35”

136mm

18.30”

465mm

17.51”

445mm

3.54”

90mm

Handheld programmer cable

4.92’

1.5m

Handheld programmer

4.33”

110mm

.94”

24mm

2--9

4.67”

118.6mm

DL305 User Manual, Rev. D

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Installation and Safety Guidelines

Component

Dimensions Part 2

I/O modules

1.37”

34.8mm

4.65”/118nn -- 8 I/O Pts

4.86”/123mm -- 16 I/O Pts

3.86”

98mm

4.67”

118.6mm

I/O module w/24 pin connector

1.37”

34.8mm

3.86”

98mm

.55”

14mm

24 pin connector

4.84”

123mm

Data communication units

(Prom Writer Unit has the same dimensions)

4.33”

110mm

1.5”

38mm

4.65”

118mm

DL305 User Manual, Rev. D

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Installation and Safety Guidelines

Base Mounting Dimensions

Below are the mounting dimensions which should be used when mounting DL305 bases. Make sure you have followed the installation guidelines for proper spacing.

5 slot base

10.63”

270mm

.94”

24mm on side view of

Base

4.84”

123mm

3.54”

90mm

15.55”

395mm

14.76”

375mm

5.35”

136mm

8 slot base

4.84”

123mm

10 slot base

4.84”

123mm

18.30”

465mm

17.51”

445mm

3.54”

90mm

Installing Components in the Base

When inserting components into the base, align the PC board(s) of the module with the grooves on the top and bottom of the base. Push the module straight into the base until it is firmly seated in the backplane connector.

Align module to slots in base and slide in

DL305 User Manual, Rev. D

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Installation and Safety Guidelines

Base Wiring

The following diagram shows the terminal connections located on the power supply of the DL305 bases.

WARNING: Damage will occur to the base power supply if 220 VAC is connected to the 115 VAC terminal connections. Once the power wiring is connected, install the protective cover. When the cover is removed there is a risk of electrical shock if you accidentally touch the connection terminals.

110/220 VAC

Terminal Strip

24 VDC

Terminal Strip

Line

Neutral

Expansion Base

Wiring

This is an example of how to connect power when using local CPU and Expansion bases.

110VAC

Line Neutral

220VAC

110VAC

Local CPU

220VAC

Local CPU

24VDC +--

Local CPU

110VAC

Expansion

Base 1

110VAC

Expansion

Base 2

220VAC

Expansion

Base 1

220VAC

Expansion

Base 2

24VDC +--

Expansion

Base 1

24VDC +--

Expansion

Base 2

DL305 User Manual, Rev. D

Installation and Safety Guidelines

2--13

I/O Wiring

I/O Wiring

Guidelines

This information provides a general idea on how to wire the different types of modules in the DL305 system. For specific information on wiring a particular module refer to the specification sheet in the appropriate I/O chapter or manual.

You should consider these guidelines when wiring your system.

1. There is a limit to the size of wire the modules can accept. The table below lists the maximum AWG for each module type. Smaller AWG is acceptable to use for each of the modules.

Module type Maximum AWG

8 point

16 point

12

16

2. Always use a continuous length of wire, do not combine wires to attain a needed length.

3. Use the shortest possible cable length.

4. Use wire trays for routing where possible

5. Avoid running wires near high energy wiring.

6. Avoid running input wiring in close proximity to output wiring where possible.

7. To minimize voltage drops when wires must run a long distance , consider using multiple wires for the return line.

8. Avoid running DC wiring in close proximity to AC wiring where possible.

9. Avoid creating sharp bends in the wires.

DL305 User Manual, Rev. D

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Installation and Safety Guidelines

Wiring the Different

Module Types

There are three main types of module faces for the DL305 I/O. These module faces are: lift covers over terminal blocks, flip covers over terminal blocks and D--shell compatible sockets. If the module you are using has a cover you can remove the cover either by lifting from the bottom or by flipping the door open. Some of the modules have removable terminal blocks. These modules can be recognized by the squeeze tabs on the top and bottom of the terminal block. To remove the terminal block, press the squeeze tabs and pull the terminal block away from the module.

WARNING: For some modules, field device power may still be present on the terminal block even though the PLC system is turned off. To minimize the risk of electrical shock, check all field device power before you remove the connector.

Squeeze Tab

D--shell

Connector

Removable Cover

Squeeze Tab

Removable

Terminal Block

DL305 User Manual, Rev. D

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