D EPTH i - Absolute Sounds
DEPTH i
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Serial Number ___________________________________
Record your serial numbers here for easy reference. You will need this information
when filling out your warranty registration. Depth i’s serial number is located near
the bottom of the backplate and also on the shipping container.
Depth i Settings:
Level ___________________________________________
The lightning bolt flash with arrowhead symbol, within
an equilateral triangle, is intended to alert the user to
the presence of uninsulated “dangerous voltage” within
the product’s enclosure that may be of sufficient magnitude to constitute a risk of electric shock.
The exclamation point within an equilateral triangle is
intended to alert the user to the presence of important
operating and maintenance (servicing) instructions in
the literature accompanying the appliance.
25Hz Level ______________________________________
Phase __________________________________________
Low Pass Filter ___________________________________
WARNING! Two people are required to move
this subwoofer.
High Pass Filter: Out ______________________________
A/V Processor Bass Management Settings:
Main Speaker Size ________________________________
(large recommended for full range speakers)
Center Speaker Size ______________________________
(small recommended)
Surround Speaker Size ____________________________
(small recommended)
Level ___________________________________________
High-Pass _______________________________________
Low-Pass _______________________________________
WARNING! Do not use your Depth i loudspeakers outside of the country of original sale—voltage requirements
vary by country. Improper voltage can cause damage that will be potentially expensive to repair. The Depth i is
shipped to authorized MartinLogan distributors with the correct power supply for use in the country of intended
sale. A list of authorized distributors can be accessed at www.martinlogan.com or by emailing info@martinlogan.com.
Thank you—to you the MartinLogan owner,
for loving what we do,
and
for making it possible for us to do what we love.
CONTENTS & INTRODUCTION
Contents & Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Installation in Brief . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Controls and Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Accessing the Control Panel
Control Panel
Rear Connection Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
2-Channel Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Multi-Channel Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
2-Channel/Multi-Channel Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
2-Channel Mode Using Speaker Level Inputs . . . . . . . . 12
2-Channel Mode With 2-Channel Output . . . . . . . . . . 13
Why the Filters Are Not Equal
Sub Out—Using Multiple Subwoofers . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
AC Power Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Replacing the Fuse
Break-In
Placement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Listening Position
Installing In A Cabinet
Ask Your Dealer
Enjoy Yourself
Room Acoustics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Your Room
Terminology
Solid Footing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Home Theater. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
MartinLogan Exclusives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
BalancedForce™ For Cleaner Bass
TriLinear™ Configuration
Servo-Controlled Dynamic Drivers
Proprietary Switching Amplifier
25Hz Level Control
Frequently Asked Questions & Troubleshooting . . . . 21
Dimensioned Drawings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
General Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Specifications
Warranty and Registration
Serial Number
Service
Glossary of Audio Terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Congratulations! You have invested in one of the
world's premier subwoofers.
The MartinLogan Depth i represents the culmination
of an intensive, dedicated research program directed
toward creating a world class reference subwoofer using
advanced technologies and without compromising durability, reliability, craftsmanship or aesthetics.
The Depth i subwoofer uses three custom 8-inch highexcursion drivers in a BalancedForce™, TriLinear™
configuration, which dramatically reduces cabinet
vibrations, allowing deep, tight, well-defined bass.
Servo-control woofer technology minimizes distortion. A
proprietary digital amplifier drives the output stage with
precision and extremely high efficiency. Low-pass filtering
and phase control have been designed to make integrating the Depth i subwoofer with both MartinLogan and
non-MartinLogan products both seamless and simple.
The materials in your new Depth i subwoofer are of the highest quality and will provide years of enduring enjoyment and
deepening respect. The cabinetry is constructed from the
highest quality composite material for acoustical integrity.
This User's Manual will explain in detail the operation of
your Depth i subwoofer and the philosophy applied to its
design. A clear understanding will help you obtain maximum performance and pleasure from this most exacting
subwoofer system.
In accordance with the European Union WEEE (Waste
Electrical and Electronic Equipment) directive effective
August 13, 2005, we would like to notify you that this
product may contain regulated materials which upon
disposal, according to the WEEE directive, require special reuse and recycling processing.
For this reason MartinLogan has arranged with our distributors in European Union member nations to collect and
recycle this product at no cost to you. To find your local
distributor please contact the dealer from whom you purchased this product, email info@martinlogan.com or visit
the distributor locator at www.martinlogan.com.
Please note, only this product itself falls under the WEEE
directive. When disposing of packaging and other related
shipping materials we encourage you to recycle these
items through the normal channels.
4
Contents & Introduction
INSTALLATION
We know you are eager to hear your new MartinLogan
subwoofer, so this section is provided to allow fast and
easy set up. Once you have your subwoofer operational, please take the time to read, in depth, the rest of the
information in this manual. It will give you perspective on
how to attain the greatest possible performance from this
most exacting woofer system.
If you should experience any difficulties in the setup or
operation of your MartinLogan subwoofer, please refer
to the Room Acoustics and Placement sections of the
this manual. Should you encounter a persistent problem
that cannot be resolved please contact your authorized
MartinLogan dealer. They will provide you with the appropriate technical analysis to alleviate the situation.
WARNING!
• Hazardous voltages exist inside—do not
remove cover.
• Refer servicing to a qualified technician.
• To prevent fire or shock hazard, do not
expose this module to moisture.
• Turn amplifier off and unplug subwoofer
should any abnormal conditions occur.
• The power cord should not be installed,
removed, or left detached from the speaker
while the other end is connected to an AC
power source.
• The main power switch near the AC inlet shall
remain readily operable.
• No candles or other sources of open flame
should be placed on the speaker.
• No liquids either in glasses or vases should be
placed on speaker.
• Speaker should not be exposed to dripping or
splashing liquids.
• The terminals marked with the lightning bolt
symbol should be connected by an instructed
person or by way of ready made terminals
• The power cord should remain readily operable should any abnormal conditions occur.
IN
BRIEF
Step 1: Unpacking
Remove your new subwoofer from its packing. Note:
Retain original packing materials for future use.
Step 2: Placement
Ideally, place the subwoofer in a corner near the front of the
room. Please see the Placement section (page 16) for more
details.
Step 3: Signal Connection
Use the best cables you can. High quality cables, available
from your specialty dealer, are recommended and will
give you superior performance.
Attach your preamplifier/processor outputs through cables
to the signal input area located on the subwoofer’s rear
panel. Please see the Controls and Connections section
(pages 6–15) for more details.
If you plan to connect your subwoofer using Speaker Level
(high level) inputs, please refer to the 2-Channel Mode
Using Speaker Level Inputs section (page 12 for more
details.
Step 4: Power Connection (AC) (see warning)
Make sure the level knob is set at 0. Plug the subwoofer
into a wall outlet. Review the AC Power Connection section
(page 15) of this manual for more details.
Step 5: Setting the Controls
• Set the Level knob to 3 or 4.
• Set the Power switch to ‘Auto’.
• Set the 25Hz Level knob to 0.
• Set the Phase to 90°.
• Set the Low Pass Filter to the closest setting below the
low-end frequency response of your main speakers.
These settings are only a beginning point. Your subwoofer
will need proper setup to optimize performance. Please
see the Controls and Connections section (pages 6–15) for
more details.
Step 6: Listen and Enjoy
Installation in Brief
5
CONTROLS
AND
CONNECTIONS
Accessing the Control Panel
The control panel is located behind the inset metal plate
located on top of the subwoofer. To access the control
panel, gently press the area above the MartinLogan logo.
When the spring releases gently pull the metal plate away
from the subwoofer.
Control Panel
Level
Setting the level too high will cause the bass to seem bloated
and is the single most common cause of bad sounding
subwoofers. A rule of thumb is that the subwoofer should
not draw attention to itself, but should simply make the
system’s low end seem more extended and accurate.
Low Pass Filter
When the Depth i is connected in multi-channel mode
(via its LFE input), the low pass filter is not active and your
processor handles the bass management. When connected
Figure 1. Top control panel.
6
Introduction
in 2-channel mode (via its speaker or line level left/right
input), the low-pass filter is active.
As a general rule the Low Pass Filter should be set at the option
approximately equal to (or below) 70% of your main speaker’s
lowest frequency response. Example: The MartinLogan Vista’s
lowest frequency response is 43Hz. 70% of 43Hz equals
30.1, so you should set the Depth i’s low pass filter to 30Hz.
Remember, this is a general rule. We advise that once you
try the recommended setting using the formula above, you
should try the surrounding settings to see which sounds best.
Optionally, an internal module in the Depth i can be
upgraded with a custom tailored Low Pass Filter setting
for use with the MartinLogan CLX loudspeaker. When this
upgrade is implemented the 30 Hz setting on the Depth i
becomes the CLX Low Pass Filter setting.
Phase Control
The phase control is entirely dependent on the size and
configuration of your listening environment, the placement
of the unit, and your seating arrangement. Due to the way
bass sound waves develop in different rooms, there is no rule
of thumb for setting phase. For instance, if your room has
a peak at the subwoofer crossover area, you may wish to
set the phase so the actual acoustic outputs of the subwoofer
and main speakers are out of phase. Experiment, try different settings and be patient.
Power
The Auto/On/Standby switch controls Depth i’s energy saving feature. When set to 'Auto', the Depth i will turn on
when a music signal is detected and off when there is none.
The 'On' setting prevents the Depth i from entering energy
saving mode. The 'Standby' setting forces the Depth i into
energy saving mode. While set to 'Standby’, the Depth i will
not operate.
Figure 2. Graph demonstrating the frequencies effected by the 25Hz
Level controls
25Hz Hz Level
The 25Hz Level knob significantly adjusts frequencies where peaks and dips of different amplitudes often
manifest in real world environments. The ideal setting is
dependent on room size and construction, system configuration and personal preference.
High Pass Filter: Out
The High Pass Filter: Out control filters the signal output
from the Right Out and Left Out connections.
Status Light
See descriptions of the status light on page 8. The top control panel status light functions identically to the back plate
status light.
Controls and Connections
7
Rear Connection Panel
Sub Out
For systems utilizing multiple
subwoofers. Connect Sub Out
to the LFE Input or Right In /
Left In on additional sub(s).
Status Light
The Depth i is equipped with a
multi-color LED to indicate the
current status of the woofers.
The following list explains the
meaning of the different colors:
Right Out / Left Out
Should only be used if connecting this sub between
a pre-amp and amplifier.
Connect to the Left In/Right
In on the amplifier. The High
Pass: Out control filters the
output from these connections.
No color: No power. The
subwoofer is not plugged in,
or the fuse has blown.
Green: Play mode. This indicates the subwoofer detects
an audio signal and has automatically switched into play
mode.
LFE In
Connect to LFE Out on your
A/V processor. The subwoofers
Low Pass Filter control does
not effect this connection.
Crossover settings for LFE In
are controlled through the A/V
processor.
Yellow: Standby mode. This
indicates the Power switch is
set to Standby, or the sub has
detected no audio signal for
more than forty minutes and
has automatically switched
into standby mode.
Right In/Left In
Connect to Main-Out or PreOut on your receiver/pre-amp.
Depth i’s Low Pass Filter control effects the signal received
through these inputs.
Red: Initializing or Safe
mode. This indicates that the
subwoofer is initializing. This
also indicates if the subwoofer
temperature has exceeded
nominal operating range. If
the subwoofer overheats,
please allow it to cool and
reset it by unplugging the unit
and plugging it back in.
Speaker Level In
This set of binding posts provides a place to connect the
subwoofer using standard
speaker cable. Depth i’s Low
Pass Filter control effects the
signal received through these
inputs.
AC Power Connection, Master
Power Switch, & Fuse
Figure 3. Rear connection panel.
8
Controls and Connections
WARNING! Turn the Master Power switch Off
and unplug it before making or breaking any
signal connections!
2-Channel Mode
This setup is recommended if your subwoofer will be used
in a 2-channel only system. When a signal is connected to
the subwoofers Left In/Right In, the Low Pass Filter control
is active.
Signal Connection (see figure 4):
1 Connect the left out/right out from your preamp/receiver
to the Left In/Right In of the subwoofer. Use quality RCA
interconnects. If your preamp/receiver only has one set of
outputs you need to obtain Y adapters from your dealer.
Recommended Control Settings (see figure 5):
1 Calculate the number equal to 70% of your main loudspeaker’s lowest frequency rating. Set the Low Pass Filter
switch to the closest setting below the resulting number.
2 Play familiar music with bass content. Increase the Level
control until the music has deep extended bass. Be
careful to avoid levels that become overwhelming.
3 Try the phase control in different settings until the best
blending is obtained. If you are using the subwoofer to
augment other MartinLogan products, we suggest starting with the phase set at 90°.
Figure 4. Signal connection for 2-channel mode.
4 If you have completed steps 1–3 and still have weak or
boomy bass, adjust the 25Hz Level knobs to compensate for these anomalies. Experiment with the controls
and listen to the effects. Try to find a position that
sounds correct to you. Experiment by changing the Level
control while adjusting these knobs. Find a position that
gives you deep extended bass and good blending with
your main speakers.
Figure 5. Adjust these controls for 2-channel mode.
Controls and Connections
9
Multi-Channel Mode
This setup is recommended if you will use your subwoofer
in a dedicated home theater or multi-channel system. When
a signal is connected to the subwoofer’s LFE In, the Low
Pass Filter control is NOT active. Your processor handles
most of the bass management.
Signal Connection (see figure 6—RCA shown):
1 Connect the LFE out of the processor to the LFE In.
WARNING!
Based on the performance of most processors,
it is recommended that MartinLogan center
and effects type speakers (i.e. Stage, Cinema,
Theater, and Script i) not be run in large, wide or
full range mode. Doing so may potentially damage the speaker if the processor attempts to drive
the speaker beyond its rated frequency range.
This warning also applies to products from other
manufacturers.
It is recommended to run center and effects type
speakers in limited or narrow mode.
Recommended Control Settings (see figure 7):
1 With multi-channel source material playing, adjust the
Level control to your preferred level.
2 Try the phase control in different settings until the best
blending is obtained. If you are using the subwoofer to
augment other MartinLogan products, we suggest starting with the phase set at 90°.
Figure 6. Signal connection for multi-channel mode.
3 If you have completed steps 1–2 and still have weak
or boomy bass, adjust the 25Hz Level knob to compensate for these anomalies. Increase and decrease to
controls and listen to the effects. Try to find a position
that sounds correct to you. Experiment by changing the
Level control while adjusting these knobs. Find a position
that gives you deep extended bass and good blending
with your main speakers.
4 Follow the bass management setup instructions in your
processor manual to fine-tune the subwoofer level.
10
Controls and Connections
Figure 7. Control settings for multi-channel mode.
2-Channel/Multi-Channel Mode
This setup is recommended if your subwoofer will
be used in both 2-channel mode and as a LFE channel in a multi-channel system. By following this setup,
you will allow your processor to handle most of the
bass management while running in multi-channel
mode, and relinquish control of the low pass filter to
the subwoofer when running in a 2-channel mode.
Signal Connection (see figure 8):
1 Connect the left and right out of your preamplifier to
the subwoofer’s Left In / Right In. Use quality RCA
interconnects. If your preamplifier only has one set of
outputs you need to obtain Y adapters from your dealer.
2 Connect the LFE output of the processor to the subwoofer’s LFE In. Use quality RCA interconnects.
Recommended Control Settings (see figure 9):
1 Set your front speakers for wide, large or full mode in
your processor. Set the center and effects type speakers in
limited or narrow mode (see the warning on page 10).
2 Calculate the number equal to 70% of your main loudspeaker’s lowest frequency rating. Set the Low Pass Filter
switch to the closest setting below the resulting number.
3 While playing familiar music with bass content, turn
the level control up until the music has deep bass that
is not overwhelming.
Figure 8. Signal connection for 2-channel/multi-channel mode.
4 Try the phase control in different settings until the
best blending is obtained. If you are augmenting
MartinLogan loudspeakers, we suggest you start with
Phase set at 90°.
5 Use the bass management section of your processor’s
speaker setup to set the subwoofer level at an appropriate level. Follow the instructions in your processor’s
manual to fine-tune the subwoofer level.
6 If your processor offers the option to setup crossovers for a
subwoofer, we recommend that you start with the following settings—Crossover: 70Hz, High-Pass: 12dB,
and Low-Pass: 24dB. The optimal setting for these
options may vary depending on your room and listening preferences.
Figure 9. Control Settings for 2-channel/multi-channel mode.
Controls and Connections
11
2-Channel Mode Using Speaker Level Inputs
This setup is recommended if your subwoofer will be used in
a 2-channel only system with full-range front loudspeakers.
When a signal is connected to the subwoofer’s Left In/Right
In subwoofer’s Low Pass Filter control is active.
Signal Connection (see figure 10):
1 Connect the left and right outputs of your amplifier to
the subwoofer’s high-level Speaker Level In (Left In/Right
In) binding posts. Use quality speaker cable.
If your amplifier only has one set of outputs you may
connect your amplifier to your speakers as normal and
run an additional set of cables from your speakers to the
subwoofer’s Speaker Level In binding posts.
It is also possible to connect the left and right outputs
of your amplifier to the left and right speaker level (high
level) inputs of the subwoofer and run an additional set
of cables from your subwoofer to the speakers.
Recommended Control Settings:
1 Set the controls as recommended on page 9.
12
Controls and Connections
Figure 10. Signal connection for 2-channel mode using speaker level inputs.
2-Channel Mode With 2-Channel Output
This setup is recommended if your subwoofer will be used
in a 2-channel only system.
Signal Connection (see figure 11):
1 Connect the left out/right out from your preamplifier to
the Left In/Right In of the subwoofer. Use quality RCA
interconnects.
2 Connect the Left Out/Right Out of your subwoofer to
the left in/right in of your amplifier. Use quality RCA
interconnects.
Recommended Control Settings:
1 Set the controls as recommended on page 9.
2. The High Pass Filter: Out switch should be set, at the
user’s discretion, to the option with the best sounding result. As a general rule, if your main loudspeakers
are bookshelf speakers, set the High Pass Filter: Out to
70Hz. Likewise, 40Hz for floorstanding loudspeakers.
Use ‘None’, if you want to pass an unaltered signal.
3 At this time the Low Pass Filter should be set to
approximately 70% of your main loudspeakers lowest
frequency response—make note of this number.
If the High Pass Filter: Out is set to ‘None’, the Low
Pass Filter should remain at approximately 70% of your
loudspeakers lowest frequency response.
Figure 11. Signal connection for 2-channel mode with 2-channel output.
If the High Pass Filter: Out is set to 40Hz, the Low Pass
Filter should be set to 35Hz or 70%, whichever is greater.
If the High Pass Filter: Out is set to ‘70Hz’, the Low Pass
Filter should be set to 55Hz or 70%, whichever is greater.
Why the Filters Are Not Equal
You may have noticed the recommended setting procedure does not advise setting the Low Pass Filter and High
Pass Filter: Out to the same frequency. Between 20Hz
and 100Hz, as the subwoofers output decreases, the
loudspeakers output increases. For a seamless crossover
of these two slopes, the summation of their two values, at
any given frequency, should add to maintain a level output. By correctly setting your High Pass Out and Low Pass
filters, this result can easily be achieved (see figure 12).
Figure 12.
Controls and Connections
13
Sub Out—Using Multiple Subwoofers
Using Sub Out offers an easy way to implement multiple
subwoofers in your audio/video system.
Note: Additional subwoofers must run as either dedicated
2-channel (stereo) or multi-channel (LFE) subwoofers, but
not both.
Signal Connection:
1 Connect the first subwoofer to your system using one
of the five modes previously described.
2 Connect the Sub Out of the first subwoofer to either the
LFE In or the Right (or Left) In of the next subwoofer.
Use quality RCA interconnects.
Connecting to the LFE In allows additional subwoofers
to perform as dedicated LFE channels (see figure 13).
Connecting to the Right (or Left) In allows additional subwoofers to perform as dedicated 2-channel
subwoofers (see figure 14).
3 Repeat step 2 for each additional subwoofer in the chain
using the same input for every additional connection.
Figure 13. Using multiple Depth i. LFE option. Primary sub on right.
Additional sub on left.
Recommended Control Settings:
1 Adjust the control settings of the first subwoofer using
one of the five modes previously described.
2 Adjust the control settings of each additional subwoofer.
Use the method used to adjust the first subwoofer.
Note: While the settings of each subwoofer should be
similar, you will probably find that each sub will need
to be tweaked for optimal performance because of its
unique room placement.
Regardless of how you use your subwoofer, experimentation can often result in better sound. Don't be afraid to
try different settings. You can always return the controls to
their previous settings.
Figure 14. Using multiple Depth i. Right/Left option.. Primary sub on right.
Additional sub on left.
14
Controls and Connections
WARNING! The power cord should not be
installed, removed, or left detached from the
subwoofer while the other end is connected to
an AC power source.
The IEC cord should be firmly inserted into the AC
power receptacle on the rear connection panel of the
subwoofer, then to any convenient AC wall outlet.
Directly adjacent to the AC power receptacle on the rear
connection panel of the subwoofer is a master power
switch. This switch is wired directly to the AC main and
turns on/off all power going to the subwoofer. The Depth
i also integrates a signal sensing power supply that will go
to Standby mode after a few minutes of no music signal if
the front-panel power switch is set to 'Auto'.
Your subwoofer is wired for the power service supplied in
the country of original consumer sale. The AC power rating applicable to a particular unit is specified both on the
packing carton and on the serial number plate attached
to the subwoofer.
If you remove your subwoofer from the country of original
sale, be certain that AC power supplied in any subsequent
location is suitable before connecting and operating
the subwoofer. Substantially impaired performance or
severe damage may occur to the subwoofer if operation is attempted from an incorrect AC power source.
Replacing the Fuse
If the fuse in your subwoofer should require changing,
turn your subwoofer off and unplug it before removing
the fuse. Replace the bad fuse (figure 15) with a matching
T 4A H 250V (T 2A L H 250V if you are in a region using
230v–240v mains voltage).
Break-In
Our custom made woofers require approximately 50
hours of break-in at moderate listening levels before their
optimal performance occurs. This will factor in on any
critical listening and judgment.
FUSE
AC Power Connection
Figure 15. Depth i’s Master Power switch, Fuse, and AC Power receptacle.
Controls and Connections
15
PLACEMENT
Listening Position
Generally, subwoofers have the most output when placed
in the corner of a room. However, this can also exaggerate the subwoofers output making blending difficult. We
recommend starting by placing the subwoofer in a corner.
It should be placed in such a way that there are 2 inches
between the grill and the wall. This will avoid blocking
the output of any woofers. If, after the full range of tuning
techniques have been employed, the subwoofer sounds
like it has too much upper bass energy try pulling it away
from the wall, toward the listening position. This will lessen the reinforcement of these problematic frequencies
from the wall and likely smooth out the response. Repeat
the setup procedure with the woofer controls after you
move it (see figure 16).
Installing in a Cabinet
It is common for people to place their subwoofer(s)
inside of cabinetry. The Depth i’s unique, three-woofer
design does not compromise the ability to be successfully
installed in such a configuration. However, it is recommended, as with any quality multi-driver subwoofer, that
there be a minimum of three inches of open space
between the cabinet and the front, left and right sides (see
figure 17).
Figure 16. Depth i Subwoofers as the LFE (effects) channels, MartinLogan
Summit speakers as front channels, MartinLogan Stage as the center channel, MartinLogan Script i as side surround (effects) channels. Note the
corner placement of the Depth i at the front of the listening room.
Ask Your Dealer
Your MartinLogan dealer can suggest many options for
optimal subwoofer placement. They also have many tools
at their disposal, such as experience, familiarity with the
associated equipment, and even sound analysis equipment which may make the task of determining optimal
subwoofer placement easier.
Enjoy Yourself
The Depth i is a very refined subwoofer and will benefit
from care in setup. With the above placement tips in mind
you will find, over months of listening, that small changes
can result in measurable differences. As you live with your
subwoofer, do not be afraid to experiment with positioning until you find the optimal relationship between your
room, settings, and subwoofer that gives to you the best
results. Your efforts will be rewarded.
16 Placement
Figure 17. Placing the Depth in a cabinet requires a minimum of three
inches of open space on the front, left and right.
ROOM ACOUSTICS
Your Room
Terminology
This is an area that requires both a little background to
understand and some time and experimentation to attain
the best performance from your system.
Standing Waves
Sound coming from a subwoofer bounces around in a
room until a pattern emerges—this is called a standing
wave. Typically, this is only a problem with frequencies
below 100Hz. When this happens different parts of your
room experience either an excess or a lack of bass.
Your room is actually a component and an important part
of your system. This component is a large variable and can
dramatically add to or subtract from a great sonic experience.
All sound is composed of waves. Each frequency has its
own wave size, with the lower, or bass frequencies literally encompassing from 10 feet to as much as 40 feet. Your
room participates in this wave experience like a swimming
pool with waves reflecting and becoming enhanced depending on the size and shape of the room and the types of
surfaces in the room.
Remember that your audio system can actually generate
all of the information required to recreate a sonic event
in time, space, and tonal balance. Acoustically, the role of
an ideal room would be to neither delete nor contribute
to that information. However, nearly every room does to
some degree.
Some people believe that having a room without parallel
walls will eliminate this effect. The truth is that non-parallel
walls only generate different standing wave patterns than
those that occur in rectangular rooms.
Usually, you can excite most of the standing waves in a
room by putting the subwoofer in a corner. Listening
position determines which standing waves you will experience. For instance, if you sit in a corner you will hear
most of the standing waves. This can be an overpowering
experience. Sitting next to a wall can also intensify the levels
of the standing waves that are experienced.
Resonant Surfaces and Objects
All of the surfaces and objects in your room are subject to
the frequencies generated by your system. Much like an
instrument, they will vibrate and "carry on" in syncopation
with the music, and may contribute in a negative way to the
sound. Ringing, boominess, and even brightness can occur
simply because surfaces and objects are "singing along" with
your speakers.
Resonant Cavities
Small alcoves or closet type areas in your room can be
chambers that create their own "standing waves" and can
drum their own "one note" sounds.
Room Acoustics
17
Solid Footing
After living and experimenting with your subwoofer, you
may want to use ETC (energy transfer coupler) spikes supplied with the subwoofer (see figure 18). With the use
of these spikes, the subwoofer will become more firmly
planted on the floor and, consequently, bass will tighten
and imaging will become more coherent and detailed. It
is best not to implement the spikes, however, until you
are secure in the positioning, as the spikes can damage
the floor if the speaker is moved. The feet that attach to
the bottom of the Depth i use a common 3/8 - 16 thread.
Spike Installation Instructions:
1 On a soft, padded surface, carefully lay your subwoofer
on its side to gain access to the bottom.
2 Remove existing feet or spikes. Thread new spikes into
holes and screw them in all of the way. If the subwoofer
does not sit level loosen one spike until level is achieved.
3 By hand, tighten the jam nut snugly against the cabinet.
Do not over tighten the nut.
4 Right the speaker.
Caution: Make sure your hands and any cabling are
clear of the spikes. Do not slide subwoofer as spikes
are sharp and can damage your floor or carpet.
5 Adjust to level by rotating spikes. By hand, tighten the
jam nut snugly against the cabinet when you are satisfied that subwoofer is level.
Caution: Walking the subwoofer may result in a broken spike.
18
Room Acoustics
Figure 18. The ETC™ Spike.
HOME THEATER
It had long been the practice of stereo buffs to connect
their television to the stereo system. The advantage was the
use of the larger speakers and more powerful amplifier of the
stereo system. Even though the sound was greatly improved,
it was still mono and limited by the broadcast signal.
In the late 1970's and early ‘80's two new home movie formats
became widely available to the public: VCR and laser disc.
At the same time video screen sizes began increasing.
By 1985, both formats had developed into very high quality audio/video sources. In fact, the sonic performance of
some video formats exceeded audio-only formats. Now,
with theater quality sound available at home, the only
element missing was the "surround sound" presentation
found in movie houses.
Fortunately, "Dolby" and "DTS" encoded material (which
include almost all movies) have the same surround sound
information encoded on home releases as the theater films.
All that is required to retrieve this information is a decoder,
additional speakers, subwoofer(s) and amps to reproduce it.
Surround Speakers
The surround, or effect speakers contain critical information. In films, sound effects are vital to the director in
delivering a complete experience and the rapid technical
increase in the discreet capacity of these effects channels
has made their quality vital. This is equally true in music
play back because of the emerging high definition, multichannel music only formats. Full range instruments, voices
and ambient queues are being routed to the effects channel. In the past, some may have suggested that this was
the place to save money by purchasing small inexpensive
speakers. If you choose to do so, be prepared to upgrade
in the future.
Subwoofer
With any good surround system you will need one or more
high quality subwoofers (the .1, in a 5.1 channel surround
system). Most movie soundtracks contain large amounts
of bass as part of the special effects. Good subwoofers will
provide a foundation for the rest of the system.
Home theater is a complex purchase and we recommend
that you consult your local MartinLogan dealer, who is well
versed in this subject.
Each piece of a surround system can be purchased separately. Take your time and buy quality. No one has ever
complained that the movie was too real. The following list
and descriptions will only give you a brief outline of the
responsibilities and demands placed on each speaker.
Front Left and Front Right
If these speakers will also be the same two used for your stereo
playback then they should be of very high quality and able to
play loud (over 102 dB) and reproduce bass below 80 Hz.
Center Channel
Many experts believe this to be the most important speaker
in a home theater system, as almost all of the dialogue and
a large portion of the front speaker information is reproduced by the center channel. It is important that the
same manufacturer of the front speakers design the center
speaker and that it is recommended for use as a center
speaker. This is not the place to cut corners.
Figure 19. Summit speakers as front channels, the Stage as the center
channel, Script i speakers as side surround (effects) channels, and
Depth i subwoofers as LFE (effects) channel.
Home Theater
19
MARTINLOGAN EXCLUSIVES
BalancedForce™ For Cleaner Bass
Resulting from an equal and opposite reaction to the cone's
movement, strong bass causes all traditional subwoofer
enclosures to generate acoustic vibrations. You feel this by
touching the cabinet. Although the "physics" of this phenomenon actually cause a subwoofer cabinet to resonate
or even dance, most subwoofer designers apply weight or
mass to the cabinet to minimize such disturbances, but still
leave one by product—"smeared bass". Vibrations translated
from the woofer to the cabinet actually dampen the bass
signal causing a loose and "fuzzy" sound.
The Depth i integrates BalancedForce bass configuration
to nullify cabinet vibrations. Originally engineered for the
cost-no-object, state-of-the-art Statement™ E2 system,
BalancedForce uses two or more drivers mounted at opposing angles. The Depth i's 3 drivers, spaced 120 degrees
apart, operate in exact opposition, resulting in maximum
cancellation delivering the ideal—pure bass energy with a
reduction in cabinet contributions to the room as high as
25dB over traditional subwoofer resonance solutions!
TriLinear™ Configuration
The use of three small, identical drivers maintains the low
distortion levels and optimal control of an efficient and
rigid small driver while moving the same amount of air as
a driver three times larger. This allows powerful bass in a
small package, free from the performance limitations of a
heavy and hard to control single large driver.
Servo-Controlled Dynamic Drivers
All dynamic drivers generate distortion caused by spider
and surround nonlinearities as well as voice coil inductive
disturbances and variant motor strength during massive
woofer excursions. These challenges plague all subwoofer
designers. The result? Induced harmonic and intermodulated
distortions causing dramatic disturbances at high excursions.
This occurs significantly in almost all non-servo-controlled
subwoofers.
20
MartinLogan Exclusives
MartinLogan’s advanced servo system uses a sophisticated
monitoring and control circuit to detect and instantaneously correct any deviation between acoustical output and
electrical input. The result? A reduction in distortion for
the purest possible low-frequency reproduction.
Proprietary Switching Amplifier
The Depth i incorporates a proprietary switching amplifier that allows for an incredible amount of woofer control
resulting in tighter, better defined bass and while keeping
distortion at the lowest possible levels.
25Hz Level Control
The Depth i 25Hz Level controls allows custom sound
tailoring capabilities found in few subwoofers. A room,
especially when small, can greatly exaggerate bass in the
20–60Hz range. The Depth i’s 25Hz Level control knob
increases or decreases lower bass to compensate for these
room anomalies and allows increased deep bass if you
desire a subsonic sense of energy at the lowest frequencies.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS & TROUBLESHOOTING
Frequently Asked Questions
Troubleshooting
How do I clean my subwoofer?
Use a dust free cloth or a soft brush to clean your subwoofer.
We recommend a specialty cloth (available through the
Xtatic shop at www.martinlogan.com) that cleans better
than anything else we have tried.
No Output
• Check that all your system components are turned on.
• Check that the master power switch adjacent to the AC
receptacle is set to 'On'.
• Check that the power switch on the subwoofer is set to
either 'Auto' or 'On'.
• Check your wires and connections.
• Check all interconnecting cables.
• Make sure the level control is not turned down.
• Turn off and unplug the Depth i and check the fuse
near the AC power cord receptacle on the back. If the
fuse has blown, replace the bad fuse with a matching
T 10A H 250V fuse (T 5A L H 250V if you are in a region
using 230v–240v current).
• If the problem persists, contact your dealer.
Is it safe to set things on my subwoofer?
While your subwoofer is designed with a durable, stainresistant surface, we advise you not to set anything on your
subwoofer—especially containers holding liquids.
Is there likely to be any interaction between my
subwoofer and the CRT television in my Audio/ Video
system?
Yes. The subwoofer doesn’t use a shielded driver. We
recommend 3 feet between the subwoofer and video
components that are susceptible to magnetic fields.
Will my electric bill go 'sky high' by leaving my subwoofer
plugged in all the time?
No. The subwoofer, when the power switch is set to
‘Auto’ or ‘Standby’, will draw about 15 watts when idle.
Should I unplug my subwoofer during a thunderstorm?
Yes, or before. It's a good idea to disconnect all of your
audio/video components during stormy weather.
Muddy Bass
• Check placement. Try moving the subwoofer closer to
the front and side walls.
• Check the type of feet that are being used. Try installing
the ETC spikes.
• Decrease the level.
• Check your processor setup.
• If the problem persists, contact your dealer.
Hums or Unusual Sounds
• Turn the subwoofer off, unplug all signal inputs, turn
the subwoofer back on and turn up the level. If the
problem disappears, the hum is originating elsewhere
in your system.
• Connect the subwoofer’s AC connection to the same AC
circuit as the pre amp.
• If the problem persists, contact your dealer.
Frequently Asked Questions & Troubleshooting
21
DIMENSIONAL DRAWINGS
Plan View (Top)
Front Elevation
Back Elevation
22
Dimensional Drawings
Side Elevation
GENERAL INFORMATION
Specifications*
System Frequency Response
20–120 Hz ± 3 dB. Anechoic through the LFE effects input.
Low Pass Filter Frequencies
30, 35, 45, 55, 65, 80Hz
High Pass Filter Frequencies
Bypass, 40Hz, 70Hz
Phase
0°, 90°, 180°, 270°
25Hz Level
±10dB
Power
On, Auto, Standby
Components
3 × 8” (20.3cm) high-excursion, aluminum cone with
extended throw driver assembly, sealed non-resonant
asymmetrical chamber format
Amplifiers
350W (at < 0.5% THD)
900W (peak)
Inputs
Left/Right RCA Line Level, RCA LFE, Speaker Level
Output
RCA Sub Out (all inputs summed), RCA Right/Left (with
High Pass Filter)
Warranty and Registration
Your subwoofer is provided with an automatic Limited 90 Day Warranty
coverage. You have the option, at no additional charge, to receive
Limited 3-Year Warranty coverage. To obtain the Limited 3-Year
Warranty coverage you need to complete and return the Certificate of
Registration, included with your subwoofer, and provide a copy of your
dealer receipt, to MartinLogan within 30 days of purchase.
For your convenience MartinLogan also offers online warranty registration at www.martinlogan.com.
MartinLogan may not honor warranty service claims unless we have a
completed Warranty Registration card on file! If you did not receive
a Certificate of Registration with your new subwoofer you cannot be
assured of having received a new unit. If this is the case, please contact
your authorized MartinLogan dealer.
Serial Number
Depth i’s serial number is located near the bottom of the backplate. Each
individual unit has a unique serial number.
Service
In the rare event that your MartinLogan product should require service
please contact the dealer from whom the product was purchased. In
most cases your dealer will be able to assist you in troubleshooting and
resolving the issue. If the dealer is unable resolve the issue or if there
is no local dealer in your area contact MartinLogan customer service
directly by using the service request form at www.martinlogan.com or by
calling 785-749-0133.
Before returning any product to MartinLogan for service first contact the
service department for an RMA number. Incoming shipments will only
be accepted if labeled with a MartinLogan issued RMA number.
Before returning this product to MartinLogan for service first contact the
service department to receive a shipping kit which will include packing
straps and packing instructions.
Input Impedance
20,000 Ohms
Should you be using a MartinLogan product in a country other than the
one in which it was originally purchased, please note the following:
Power Draw
Max: 300 Watts; Idle: 15 Watts; Standby: 10 Watts
1 The appointed MartinLogan distributor for any given country is
responsible for warranty servicing only on units distributed by or
through it in that country in accordance with its applicable warranty.
Weight
70 lbs. each (31.8 kg)
2 Should a MartinLogan product require servicing in a country other
than the one in which it was originally purchased the end user may
seek to have repairs performed by the nearest MartinLogan distributor, subject to that distributor's local servicing policies. All cost of
repairs (parts, labor, transportation) must be born by the owner of
the MartinLogan product.
Size
17.9" inches H x 17.1" inches W x 16.5" inches D
(45.4cm H x 43.5cm W x 41.8cm H)
*Specifications are subject to change without notice.
3 If, after owning your MartinLogan product for six months, you relocate to a country other than the one in which it was purchased, your
warranty may be transferable. Contact MartinLogan for details.
General Information
23
GLOSSARY
OF
AUDIO TERMS
AC. Abbreviation for alternating current.
DC. Abbreviation for direct current.
Active crossover. Uses active devices (transistors, IC’s,
tubes) and some form of power supply to operate.
Diffraction. The breaking up of a sound wave caused by
some type of mechanical interference such as a cabinet
edge, grill frame or other similar object.
Amplitude. The extreme range of a signal. Usually measured
from the average to the extreme.
Diaphragm. A thin flexible membrane or cone that vibrates
in response to electrical signals to produce sound waves.
Arc. The visible sparks generated by an electrical discharge.
Bass. The lowest frequencies of sound.
Bi-Amplification. Uses an electronic crossover, or linelevel passive crossover, and separate power amplifiers for
the high and low frequency loudspeaker drivers.
Distortion. Usually referred to in terms of total harmonic
distortion (THD) which is the percentage of unwanted
harmonics of the drive signal present with the wanted signal.
Generally used to mean any unwanted change introduced
by the device under question.
Driver. See transducer.
Capacitance. That property of a capacitor which determines
how much charge can be stored in it for a given potential
difference between its terminals, measured in farads, by
the ratio of the charge stored to the potential difference.
Capacitor. A device consisting of two or more conducting
plates separated from one another by an insulating material
and used for storing an electrical charge. Sometimes called
a condenser.
Clipping. Distortion of a signal by its being chopped off. An
overload problem caused by pushing an amplifier beyond
its capabilities. The flat-topped signal has high levels of harmonic distortion which creates heat in a loudspeaker and
is the major cause of loudspeaker component failure.
Dynamic Range. The range between the quietest and the
loudest sounds a device can handle (often quoted in dB).
Efficiency. The acoustic power delivered for a given electrical input. Often expressed as decibels/watt/meter
(dB/w/m).
ESL. The abbreviation for electrostatic loudspeaker.
Headroom. The difference, in decibels, between the peak
and RMS levels in program material.
Hybrid. A product created by the marriage of two different
technologies. Meant here as the combination of a dynamic
woofer with an electrostatic transducer.
CLS. The abbreviation for curvilinear linesource.
Crossover. An electrical circuit that divides a full bandwidth signal into the desired frequency bands for the
loudspeaker components.
dB (decibel). A numerical expression of the relative loudness of a sound. The difference in decibels between two
sounds is ten times the Base 10 logarithm of the ratio of
their power levels.
24
Glossary of Audio Terms
Hz (Hertz). Unit of frequency equivalent to the number of
cycles per second.
Imaging. To make a representation or imitation of the original
sonic event.
Impedance. The total opposition offered by an electric
circuit to the flow of an alternating current of a single frequency. It is a combination of resistance and reactance and
is measured in ohms. Remember that a speaker’s impedance changes with frequency, it is not a constant value.
Inductance. The property of an electrical circuit by which
a varying current in it produces a varying magnetic field
that introduces voltages in the same circuit or in a nearby
circuit. It is measured in henrys.
Inductor. A device designed primarily to introduce inductance into an electrical circuit. Sometimes called a choke
or coil.
Linearity. The extent to which any signal handling process
is accomplished without amplitude distortion.
Midrange. The middle frequencies where the ear is the
most sensitive.
Passive crossover. Uses no active components (transistors,
IC’s, tubes) and needs no power supply (AC, DC, battery)
to operate. The crossover in a typical loudspeaker is of the
passive variety. Passive crossovers consist of capacitors,
inductors and resistors.
Phase. The amount by which one sine wave leads or lags
a second wave of the same frequency. The difference is
described by the term phase angle. Sine waves in phase
reinforce each other; those out of phase cancel.
Resistor. A device used in a circuit to provide resistance.
Resonance. The effect produced when the natural vibration frequency of a body is greatly amplified by reinforcing
vibrations at the same or nearly the same frequency from
another body.
Sensitivity. The volume of sound delivered for a given
electrical input.
Stator. The fixed part forming the reference for the moving
diaphragm in a planar speaker.
THD. The abbreviation for total harmonic distortion. (See
Distortion)
TIM. The abbreviation for transient intermodulation distortion.
Transducer. Any of various devices that transmit energy
from one system to another, sometimes one that converts
the energy in form. Loudspeaker transducers convert electrical energy into mechanical motion.
Transient. Applies to that which lasts or stays but a short
time. A change from one steady-state condition to another.
Pink noise. A random noise used in measurements, as it
has the same amount of energy in each octave.
Tweeter. A small drive unit designed to reproduce only
high frequencies.
Polarity. The condition of being positive or negative with
respect to some reference point or object.
Wavelength. The distance measured in the direction of
progression of a wave, from any given point characterized
by the same phase.
RMS. Abbreviation for root mean square. The effective value
of a given waveform is its RMS value. Acoustic power is
proportional to the square of the RMS sound pressure.
White noise. A random noise used in measurements, as it
has the same amount of energy at each frequency.
Resistance. That property of a conductor by which it opposes
the flow of electric current, resulting in the generation of
heat in the conducting material, usually expressed in ohms.
Woofer. A drive unit operating in the bass frequencies only.
Drive units in two-way systems are not true woofers but
are more accurately described as being mid/bass drivers.
Glossary of Audio Terms
25
NOTES
26
Notes
NOTES
Notes
27
WARNING! Do not use your Depth i loudspeakers outside of the country of original sale—voltage requirements
vary by country. Improper voltage can cause damage that will be potentially expensive to repair. The Depth i is
shipped to authorized MartinLogan distributors with the correct power supply for use in the country of intended
sale. A list of authorized distributors can be accessed at www.martinlogan.com or by emailing info@martinlogan.com.
®
2101 Delaware Street, Lawrence, Kansas 66046, USA
tel 785.749.0133
fax 785.749.5320
©2006 MartinLogan. All rights reserved.
www.martinlogan.com
Rev. #110206
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