User Manual

User Manual
Rotary
Encoders
Linear Encoders
Motion
System
Bus-Capable Optical Data Transmission ID-200
TR - E - BA - GB - 0022 - 01
User Manual
11/23/2009
ID-200
Contents
TR-Electronic GmbH
D-78647 Trossingen
Eglishalde 6
Tel.: (0049) 07425/228-0
Fax: (0049) 07425/228-33
E-mail: [email protected]
http://www.tr-electronic.de
Copyright protection
This Manual, including the illustrations contained therein, is subject to copyright protection. Use of this Manual by third parties in contravention of copyright regulations is
forbidden. Reproduction, translation as well as electronic and photographic archiving
and modification require the written content of the manufacturer. Offenders will be
liable for damages.
Subject to amendments
Any technical changes that serve the purpose of technical progress, reserved.
Document information
Release date/Rev. date:
Document rev. no.:
File name:
Author:
11/23/2009
TR - E - BA - GB - 0022 - 01
TR-E-BA-GB-0022-01.DOC
MÜJ
Font styles
Italic or bold font styles are used for the title of a document or are used for highlighting.
Courier font displays text, which is visible on the display or screen and software
menu selections.
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Contents
Contents
Contents ..................................................................................................................................................3
Revision index ........................................................................................................................................6
1 General Information ............................................................................................................................7
1.1 Explanation of symbols..........................................................................................................7
1.2 EC Declaration of conformity.................................................................................................7
1.3 Short description....................................................................................................................7
1.4 Features of the ID-200...........................................................................................................8
1.5 Operating principle.................................................................................................................8
2 Safety Notices......................................................................................................................................9
2.1 Safety standards....................................................................................................................9
2.2 Intended use ..........................................................................................................................9
2.3 Working safely .......................................................................................................................9
2.4 Organizational measures.................................................................................................... 10
3 Technical Data .................................................................................................................................. 11
3.1 General technical data........................................................................................................ 11
3.2 Dimensioned drawing ......................................................................................................... 13
4 Order Designations .......................................................................................................................... 14
5 Mounting / Installation (all device variants)................................................................................... 15
5.1 Mounting and alignment ..................................................................................................... 15
5.2 Arrangement of adjacent transmission systems................................................................. 16
5.3 Cascading (series connection) of several ID-200 data paths............................................. 17
5.4 Electrical connection........................................................................................................... 19
5.4.1 Electrical connection - devices with screwed cable glands and terminals ......... 19
5.4.1.1 Supply voltage .................................................................................... 20
5.4.1.2 Switching input.................................................................................... 21
5.4.1.3 Switching output.................................................................................. 21
5.4.2 Electrical connection - devices with M12 connectors ......................................... 22
5.4.2.1 Supply voltage .................................................................................... 23
5.4.2.2 Switching input.................................................................................... 23
5.4.2.3 Switching output.................................................................................. 23
6 PROFIBUS / RS 485 .......................................................................................................................... 24
6.1 PROFIBUS connection – devices with screwed cable glands and terminals..................... 24
6.1.1 Converting the PROFIBUS model with terminals to M12 connectors ................ 25
6.1.2 Conversion to M12 connectors ........................................................................... 25
6.2 PROFIBUS connection - devices with M12 connectors ..................................................... 26
6.2.1 Termination for devices with M12 connectors .................................................... 27
6.3 Device configuration PROFIBUS........................................................................................ 28
6.3.1 Termination for devices with screwed cable glands and terminals .................... 28
6.3.2 Adjustment of the transmission rate ................................................................... 28
6.3.3 Changeover PROFIBUS / RS 485 (default: 'Off' = PROFIBUS)......................... 28
6.4 LED Indicators PROFIBUS................................................................................................. 29
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Contents
7 INTERBUS 500 kBit/s / RS 422 ........................................................................................................ 30
7.1 Electrical connection INTERBUS 500 kBit/s ...................................................................... 30
7.2 Device configuration INTERBUS 500 kBit/s / RS 422........................................................ 31
7.2.1 Device configuration INTERBUS ........................................................................ 31
7.2.2 Device configuration RS 422 .............................................................................. 32
7.3 LED indicators INTERBUS 500 kBit/s / RS 422 ................................................................. 32
8 INTERBUS 2 MBit/s Fibre Optic Cable ........................................................................................... 33
8.1 Fibre optic cable connection INTERBUS 2 MBit/s ............................................................. 33
8.2 Device configuration INTERBUS 2 MBit/s fibre optic cable ............................................... 34
8.3 LED indicators INTERBUS 2 MBit/s fibre optic cable......................................................... 35
9 Data Highway + (DH+) / Remote I/O (RIO) ...................................................................................... 36
9.1 Electrical connection DH+ / RIO ......................................................................................... 36
9.2 Device configuration DH+ / RIO ......................................................................................... 37
9.3 LED indicators DH+ / RIO................................................................................................... 38
10 DeviceNet / CANopen..................................................................................................................... 39
10.1 Electrical connection DeviceNet / CANopen .................................................................... 40
10.1.1 Bus transceiver and device supplied via separate power connection .............. 41
10.1.2 Bus transceiver supplied via bus cable, device supplied separate .................. 41
10.1.3 Bus transceiver and device supplied via bus cable .......................................... 42
10.1.4 Installation and connection of the optional M12 connectors............................. 43
10.1.4.1 Conversion to M12 connectors ......................................................... 43
10.2 Device configuration DeviceNet / CANopen..................................................................... 44
10.2.1 Baud rate conversion........................................................................................ 44
10.2.2 Sorting (switch S4.1)......................................................................................... 44
10.2.3 Bus lengths as a function of the baud rate ....................................................... 44
10.3 Wiring................................................................................................................................ 45
10.3.1 Termination ....................................................................................................... 46
10.3.1.1 DeviceNet.......................................................................................... 46
10.3.1.2 CANopen .......................................................................................... 46
10.4 DeviceNet / CANopen LED indicators .............................................................................. 47
1.1 Interruption of the data transmission path .......................................................................... 48
10.4.1 Response upon interruption of the optical data transmission path................... 48
10.4.2 "Monitoring" of subscribers ............................................................................... 48
10.4.2.1 Heartbeat .......................................................................................... 48
10.4.2.2 Node / Life Guarding (CANopen)...................................................... 48
10.4.3 Response in the event of buffer overload......................................................... 49
10.4.4 Response in the event of errors on a sub-segment ......................................... 49
10.5 Important notices for system integrators .......................................................................... 49
10.5.1 Schematic drawing of the inner construction.................................................... 50
10.5.2 Timing ............................................................................................................... 51
10.5.3 Synchronous messages ................................................................................... 52
10.5.4 Other implementation notes.............................................................................. 52
11 Ethernet ........................................................................................................................................... 53
11.1 Ethernet connection - devices with screwed cable glands and terminals ........................ 53
11.2 Ethernet connection - devices with M12 connectors ........................................................ 54
11.3 Device configuration Ethernet .......................................................................................... 55
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Contents
11.3.1 Autonegotiation (Nway) .................................................................................... 55
11.3.2 Transmission rate conversion........................................................................... 55
11.3.3 Network expansion ........................................................................................... 55
11.4 Wiring................................................................................................................................ 56
11.4.1 ID-200 between switch/hub and terminal/PLC ................................................. 56
11.4.2 ID-200 between switch/hub and switch/hub ..................................................... 56
11.4.3 ID-200 between terminal/PLC and terminal/PLC.............................................. 56
11.4.4 Assignment of the RJ45 and M12 Ethernet cables .......................................... 57
11.4.4.1 RJ45 to RJ45 - 1 : 1 .......................................................................... 57
11.4.4.2 RJ45 to RJ45 - "Crossover" .............................................................. 57
11.4.4.3 M12 plug - D-coded with open cable end ......................................... 57
11.4.4.4 M12 plug to M12 plug - D-coded ...................................................... 57
11.4.4.5 M12 plug, D-coded to RJ45 - 1 : 1.................................................... 58
11.4.4.6 M12 plug, D-coded to RJ45 - "Crossover"........................................ 58
11.4.5 Installing cable with RJ45 connector ................................................................ 58
11.5 LED Indicators Ethernet ................................................................................................... 59
11.6 Important notices for system integrators .......................................................................... 59
11.6.1 Typical bus configuration .................................................................................. 60
11.6.2 Timing ............................................................................................................... 61
11.6.2.1 Sequence diagram............................................................................ 61
11.6.2.2 Description of time segments ........................................................... 61
11.6.2.3 Signal delay ...................................................................................... 62
11.6.2.4 Examples 10Base-T Ethernet........................................................... 62
11.6.2.5 Examples 100Base-TX Ethernet ...................................................... 62
12 Commissioning / Operation (all device models) ......................................................................... 63
12.1 Indicator and operating elements ..................................................................................... 63
12.2 Operating modes .............................................................................................................. 64
12.2.1 Changing the operating mode .......................................................................... 64
12.3 Initial commissioning......................................................................................................... 65
12.3.1 Switch on device / function check..................................................................... 65
12.3.2 Fine adjustment ................................................................................................ 65
12.4 Operation .......................................................................................................................... 66
13 Maintenance.................................................................................................................................... 67
13.1 Cleaning............................................................................................................................ 67
14 Diagnostics and Troubleshooting ................................................................................................ 68
14.1 Status display on the device............................................................................................. 68
14.2 Diagnostic mode ............................................................................................................... 68
14.3 Troubleshooting ................................................................................................................ 69
15 Accessories .................................................................................................................................... 70
15.1 Contact assignment of PWR IN for voltage supply .......................................................... 70
1.2 PROFIBUS ......................................................................................................................... 70
1.2.1 Terminator plug PROFIBUS ............................................................................... 70
15.2 DeviceNet / CANopen ...................................................................................................... 71
1.3 Ethernet .............................................................................................................................. 71
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Revision index
Revision index
Revision
First release
•
Further interfaces added
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Date
Index
11/16/04
00
11/23/09
01
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General Information
1 General Information
1.1 Explanation of symbols
The symbols used in this operating manual are explained below.
CAUTION !
Pay attention to passages marked with this symbol. Failure to heed this information
can lead to injuries to personnel or damage to the equipment.
CAUTION Laser !
This symbol warns of possible danger through hazardous laser radiation.
Note
This symbol indicates text passages containing important information.
1.2 EC Declaration of conformity
The devices have been developed, designed and manufactured under observation of
the applicable international and European standards and directives.
A corresponding declaration of conformity can be requested from TR-Electronic
GmbH.
The
manufacturer
of
the
product,
TR-Electronic
GmbH
in
D-78647 Trossingen, operates a certified quality assurance system in accordance with
ISO 9001.
1.3 Short description
Where data have to be transmitted to and from moving objects, optical data transmission systems provide an ideal solution.
With the ID-200 series, TR-Electronic offers optical, high-performance data transmission systems. The data transmission units are robust and are not subject to wear.
An ID-200 data transmission system consists of a set of two transmission and reception units: e.g. ID-200 40802-22010 and ID-200 40802-22020.
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General Information
1.4 Features of the ID-200
The fact that bus systems are found in nearly all areas of industry places high demands on data transmission systems are required. The ID-200 fulfils these requirements, particularly with regard to:
•
•
•
Transmission safety
Minimum transmission times (real-time capable)
Deterministic transmission
The ID-200 data transmission system, which is available in several model variations,
makes possible the contact-free transmission of the following bus protocols:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
PROFIBUS FMS, DP, MPI, mixed-operation FMS – DP, up to max. 1.5 MBit/s,
PROFISAFE
INTERBUS 500 kBit/s, RS 422 general, copper cable
INTERBUS 2 MBit/s / 500 kBit/s, fibre optic cable
Data Highway + (DH+) from Rockwell Automation (Allen Bradley)
Remote I/O (RIO) from Rockwell Automation (Allen Bradley)
DeviceNet
CANopen
Ethernet for all protocols on TCP/IP or UDP
Other bus systems on request.
1.5 Operating principle
To prevent the devices from mutually interfering with one another during data transmission in duplex operation, two different frequency pairs must be used. These are indicated by the type designation -xx01x and -xx02x as well as the label frequency f1
und frequency f2 on the control panel.
Figure 1-1: Operating principle
The receiving level is checked at both devices and can be read on a bar graph LED
indicator. If the receiving level drops below a certain value, e.g. due to increased soiling of the optics, a warning output is activated.
All works on the device (mounting, connecting, aligning, indicator/operating elements)
are performed comfortably on the front side.
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Safety Notices
2 Safety Notices
2.1 Safety standards
The optical ID-200 data transmission system was developed, manufactured and
tested in accordance with applicable safety standards. It corresponds to the stand of
the art.
2.2 Intended use
The ID-200 optical data transmission system has been designed and developed for
the optical transmission of data in the infrared range.
CAUTION !
The protection of personnel and the device cannot be guaranteed if the device is operated in a manner not corresponding to its intended use.
Areas of application
The ID-200 is suitable for the following areas of application:
•
•
•
•
Automated high-bay warehouses
Stationary data transmission between buildings
Anywhere, where data transmission to and from stationary or moving objects (visual contact) over relatively long distances (up to 200 m) is required.
Rotary transmission
2.3 Working safely
CAUTION Laser !
The ID-200 data transmission system uses an infrared diode and is a device of LED
Class 1 according to EN 60825-1.
When used under reasonable conditions, devices of LED Class 1 are safe. This even
includes the use of optical instruments used for the direct observation of the laser
beam.
For the operation of the data transmission system with artificial optical radiation, we
refer to directive 2006/25/EC or its implementation in the respective national legislation and to the applicable parts of EN 60825.
CAUTION !
Access and changes to the device, except where expressly described in this operating
manual, are not authorised.
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Safety Notices
2.4 Organizational measures
Documentation
All notes in this operating manual must be heeded, in particular those in the sections
2 “Safety Notices” and 12 “Commissioning / Operation (all device models)”. Keep this
technical description carefully. It should always be available.
Safety regulations
Consider the legal determination valid locally and the rules of the trade cooperative
associations.
Qualified personnel
Mounting, commissioning and maintenance of the device may only be carried out by
qualified personnel.
Work on electrical installations may only be carried out by qualified electricians.
Repair
Repairs must only be carried out by the manufacturer or an authorised representative.
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Technical Data
3 Technical Data
3.1 General technical data
Electrical data
Supply voltage Vin
Current consumption without optics heating
Current consumption with optics heating
18 ... 30 V DC
approx. 200 mA at 24 V DC (no load at switching output)
approx. 800 mA at 24 V DC (no load at switching output)
Optical data
Sensing distance
Transmission diode
Opening angle
Ambient light
Laser safety class
0.2 ... 120 m, ID-200 40802-x10xx
0.2 ... 200 m, ID-200 40802-x20xx
Infrared light, wavelength 880 nm
± 0,5° to optical axis
> 10000 Lux acc. to EN 60947-5-2 (2000)
1 acc. to EN 60825-1
Input/output
Input
Output
0 ... 2 V DC:
transmitter/receiver deactivated
18 ... 30 V DC: transmitter/receiver activated
0 ... 2 V DC:
normal operation
Vin – 2 V DC: limited performance reserve
output current max. 100 mA, short-circuit proof,
protected against surge voltage, transients and overheating
Operating and display elements
Membrane buttons
Individual LEDs
LED strip
Change the operating mode
Indicate voltage supply, operating mode, data transmission
(depends on the model)
Bar graph display of the receiving level
Mechanical data
Housing
Weight
Protection class
Aluminium diecast; light inlet/outlet, glass
approx. 1200 g
IP 65 acc. to EN 60529
Environmental conditions
Operating temperature
Storage temperature
Air humidity
Vibrations
Noise
Shock
EMC 1)
- 5°C ... +50°C without optics heating
-30°C ... +50°C with optics heating (non-condensing)
-30°C ... +70°C
max. 90% rel. humidity, non-condensing
acc. to EN 60068-2-6
acc. to EN 60068-2-64
acc. to EN 60068-2-27 and EN 60068-2-29
acc. to EN 61326 + A1 + A2 + A3
EN 61000-6-2 : 2005 and EN 61000-6-4 : 2001
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Technical Data
1)
: CAUTION !
This is a Class A product. In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference in which case the operator may be required to take adequate measures.
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Technical Data
3.2 Dimensioned drawing
ID-200 40802 - 6x0xx
ID-200 40802 - 1x0xx
ID-200 40802 - 2x0xx
ID-200 40802 - 4x0xx
ID-200 40802 - 5x0xx
ID-200 40802 - 1x0xx M12
ID-200 40802 - 3x0xx
ID-200 40802 - 6x0xx M12
Permissible cables:
•
•
•
M16 x 1.5: round cable ∅ 5 … 10 mm
M20 x 1.5: round cable ∅ 7 … 12 mm
M25 x 1.5: round cable ∅ 4.5 … 9 mm
A Control panel
B Transmission optics
C Reception optics
D Optical axis
Figure 3-1: Dimensioned drawing ID-200
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Order Designations
4 Order Designations
Addresses for ordering
Products manufactured by TR-Electronic GmbH can be ordered from any
of the distributor and service addresses listed on the last page.
Optical data transmission system ID-200,
Order designation
Explanation of the
order designation
The order designation for the ID-200 is structured according to the following scheme:
ID-200 40802-AB0CD
The letters A - D represent the following device variants:
1 = PROFIBUS, RS485
• A interface
2 = INTERBUS 500 kBit/s / RS 422
3 = INTERBUS 2 MBit/s fibre optic cable
4 = Data Highway + (DH+) / Remote I/O (RIO)
5 = DeviceNet / CANopen
6 = Ethernet
•
B range
•
0
•
C frequencies
1 = carrier frequency pair 1
2 = carrier frequency pair 2
•
D optics heating
0 = without optics heating
1 = with optics heating (-30 - +50°C)
1 = 120 m
2 = 200 m
extension
always 0
Two complete units with different frequencies (1 and 2) must be ordered for each
transmission path.
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Mounting / Installation (all device variants)
5 Mounting / Installation (all device variants)
5.1 Mounting and alignment
An optical data transmission system, consisting of 2 ID-200 devices, involves mounting each of the devices on mutually opposing, plane-parallel, flat and usually vertical
walls with unobstructed view of the opposing ID-200.
Make certain that, at the minimum operating distance Amin the optical axes of the devices are aligned with one another within ± Amin • 0.01 to ensure that the transmission/reception beams of the two devices lie within the opening angle. This also applies
for rotary transmission.
Note
The opening angle (angle of radiation) of the optics is ± 0.5° to the optical axis! For all
device models, the horizontal and vertical adjustment angles of the fine alignment with
the adjustment screws is ±6° for each. The optical transmission path between the
ID-200s should not be interrupted. If interruptions cannot be avoided, please read the
notice in chapter 12.4: “Operation”.
Therefore, pay close attention when selecting a suitable mounting location!
CAUTION !
In case of a mobile arrangement for a ID-200 pay particular attention that the alignment of the devices relative to one another remains unchanged over the transmission
path.
The transmission can be interrupted by e.g. jolts, vibrations or inclination of the mobile
device due to irregularities in the floor or path.
Ensure adequate track stability! (see also chapter 14.2: “Diagnostic mode”)
Optical axis
ID-200 40802-xx02x
( frequency f 2 )
360° rotation
possible
ID-200 40802-xx01x
( frequency f 1 )
Horizontal
and vertical
max. ± (A min • 0.01)
360° rotation
possible
Mount each device with 4 screws ∅ 5 mm using 4 of the 5 fastening holes in the
mounting plate of the device (see Figure 3-1: Dimensioned drawing ID-200).
Amin
Figure 5-1: Mounting the devices
Note
The fine alignment of the transmission system is performed during commissioning
(see chapter 12.3.2: “Fine adjustment”). The position of the optical axis of the ID-200
can be found in Figure 3-1.
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Mounting / Installation (all device variants)
5.2 Arrangement of adjacent transmission systems
To prevent mutual interference of adjacent transmission systems, the following measures should be taken in addition to exact alignment:
•
•
In the case of an offset frequency arrangement, the distance between two
parallel data transmission paths must not be less than
In the case of identical frequency arrangement, the distance between two
parallel data transmission paths must be at least
300 mm + tan (0.5°) x sensing distance (ID-200 / 120 m), or
500 mm + tan (0.5°) x sensing distance (ID-200 / 200 m)
Figure 5-2: Arrangement of adjacent transmission systems
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Mounting / Installation (all device variants)
5.3 Cascading (series connection) of several ID-200 data paths
If two communicating participants (TN) are separated by several optical transmission
paths between two participants, then this is called cascading. There are further participants between the individual optical transmission paths in this case.
Master
TN1
TN2
Path 1
TN3
Path 2
TN4
Path 3
TN5
TN8
Path 4
TN6
Path 5
TN7
Path 6
Figure 5-3: Cascading of several ID-200 systems
CAUTION !
If, for example, participant 3 (TN3) of a multi-master bus system wants to exchange
data directly with participant 7 (TN7), then 5 optical transmission paths are cascaded.
This constellation can also occur if, e.g., a programming device that attempts to access participant 3 (TN3) is connected to participant 7 (TN7) for maintenance purposes
or during commissioning of a master-slave-system.
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Mounting / Installation (all device variants)
The following table shows the maximum number of optical transmission paths for cascading.
Max. number of optical
transmission paths for
cascading
Remark
Profibus (with retiming)
3
Attention:
Profibus FMS is a multimaster bus
RS 485 (without retiming)
Interbus 500 kBit (RS422)
2
3
Interbus FOC
3
Bus system
RIO
3 1)
DH+
3 1)
DeviceNet
CANopen
3
3
Ethernet
3
Applies for 500 kBit and
2 MBit
Attention:
DH+ may be a multimaster bus
Depends significantly on
the configuration of the
master and on the requirements of the plant
(timing).
1)
: See remarks in the respective chapters of the individual bus systems about the
switch position filtered / not filtered depending on the transmission rate.
Note
The individual time delay of the optical transmission path is specified in the chapters of
the individual bus systems and depends on the type, switch position, and transmission
rate.
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Mounting / Installation (all device variants)
5.4 Electrical connection
CAUTION !
Connection of the device and maintenance work while under voltage must only be carried out by a qualified electrician.
If faults cannot be corrected, the device should be removed from operation and protected against possible use.
Before connecting the device, be sure that the supply voltage agrees with the value
printed on the nameplate.
The ID-200… is designed in accordance with safety class III for supply by PELV (Protective Extra Low Voltage, with reliable disconnection).
For UL applications: only for use in class 2 circuits according to NEC.
Be sure that the functional earth is connected correctly. Error-free operation is only
guaranteed if the device is connected to functional earth.
Described in the following two sub-chapters is the electrical connection of the supply
voltage, the input and the output.
The connection of the respective bus system is described in the following chapters.
5.4.1 Electrical connection - devices with screwed cable glands and terminals
To establish the electrical connections, you must first remove the red housing top with
the optics. To do this, loosen the three housing hex screws. The housing top is now
only electrically connected to the base by means of a connector. Carefully pull the
housing top straight forward without canting.
Figure 5-4: Removing the housing top
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Mounting / Installation (all device variants)
The connection place in the housing base with the screwed cable glands is now freely
accessible.
Terminal
Function
Vin
Positive supply voltage
+18 ... +30 V DC
Negative supply voltage 0 V DC
Functional earth
Switching output, activated if level drops
below the warning level
GND
PE
OUT
WARN
IN
Switching input for transmitter/receiver cut-off:
0 ... 2 V DC:
transmitter/receiver switched
off, no transmission
18 ... 30 V DC: transmitter/receiver active,
normal function
Switch
Function
S1
On (default):
The switching input is not analysed. The
transmitter/receiver unit is always in operation.
Off:
The switching input is analysed. Depending on
the input voltage, normal function or transmitter/receiver unit switched off.
Figure 5-5: Position of the general, non-bus-specific terminals and switches
5.4.1.1 Supply voltage
Connect the supply voltage, including the functional earth, to the spring terminals labelled Vin, GND and PE (see Figure 5-5).
Note
The connection terminals Vin, GND and PE are provided double to simplify wiring
through the supply voltage to other devices.
The functional earth can alternatively be connected at the screw terminal in the housing base (max. cable cross section 2.5 mm2).
If you would like to wire through the supply voltage, you should replace the filler plugs
on the right side of the housing base with an M16 x 1.5 screwed cable gland and
guide the continuing supply voltage cable through this gland. The housing seal is, in
this way, ensured (Protection Class IP 65).
The housing top can be removed and replaced under voltage.
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Mounting / Installation (all device variants)
5.4.1.2 Switching input
The ID-200 is equipped with a switching input IN, via which the transmitter/receiver
unit can be switched off, i.e. no infrared light is transmitted and at the bus terminals
the corresponding bus bias level is present / the bus driver is high resistance.
Input voltage:
(relative to GND)
0 ... 2 V DC:
18 ... 30 V DC:
transmitter/receiver switched off, no transmission
transmitter/receiver active, normal function
For easier operation, the switching input can be activated/deactivated via switch S1:
Position S1:
On:
The switching input is not analysed. The transmitter/receiver unit is always in operation (internal preselection of the switching input with Vin).
Off:
The switching input is analysed. Depending on
the input voltage, normal function or transmitter/receiver unit switched off.
Note
When transmitter/receiver unit is switched off, the system behaves in the same way as
in the event of a light beam interruption (see chapter 12.4: “Operation”).
The switching input can be used, e.g., during a corridor change in order to avoid
basely interference effects from other sensors or the data transmission.
Switch S1 is also present on the device models with M12 connectors.
5.4.1.3 Switching output
The ID-200 is equipped with a switching output OUT WARN which is activated if the
receiving level in the receiver drops.
Output voltage:
(relative to GND)
0 ... 2 V DC:
Vin – 2 V DC:
operating range
warning or shutoff range
The switching output is protected against:
short-circuit, surge current, surge voltage, overheating and transients.
Note
The ID-200 is still completely functional when the level of the receiving signal drops to
the warning signal level. Checking the alignment, and, if applicable, a readjustment
and/or cleaning of the glass pane leads to a significant improvement of the received
signal level.
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Mounting / Installation (all device variants)
5.4.2 Electrical connection - devices with M12 connectors
The electrical connection is easily performed using M12 connectors. Corresponding
mating connectors are available for connecting supply voltage/switching input/switching output as well as for connecting the respective bus system (see chapter
15: “Accessories”).
For all M12 device models, the supply voltage, the switching input and the switching
output are connected via the right, A-coded connector PWR IN (see Figure 5-6).
PROFIBUS: BUS IN
M12-socket, B-coded
PROFIBUS: BUS OUT
M12-socket, B-coded
Industrial Ethernet:
M12-socket, D-coded
Industrial Ethernet:
not available !
All M12-device models: PWR IN
M12-plug, A-coded
Figure 5-6: Location and designation of the M12 connections
PWR IN (5 pin M12-plug, A-coded)
Pin
Name
1
Vin
2
3
OUT
WARN
GND
Remark
Positive supply voltage
+18 … +30 V DC
Switching output, activated if level drops below
the warning level
Negative supply voltage 0 V DC
Switching input for transmitting/receiver cut-off:
M12-plug
(A-coded)
4
IN
0 … 2 V DC:
18 … 30 V DC:
5
Thread
FE
FE
transmitting/receiver switched
off, on transmission
transmitting/receiver active,
normal function
Functional earth
Functional earth (housing)
Figure 5-7: Assignment M12 connector PWR IN
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Mounting / Installation (all device variants)
5.4.2.1 Supply voltage
Connect the supply voltage including functional earth according to the pin assignments
(see Figure 5-7).
5.4.2.2 Switching input
The ID-200 is equipped with a switching input IN (pin 1), via which the transmitter/receiver unit can be switched off, i.e. no infrared light is transmitted and at the bus
terminals the corresponding bus bias level is present / the bus driver is high resistance.
The upper part of the housing only needs to be removed if the switching input is to be
activated/deactivated via switch S1 (for further information, see Figure 5-4, Figure 5-5
and chapter 5.4.1.2: “Switching input”).
Input voltage:
(relative to GND)
0 ... 2 V DC:
18 ... 30 V DC:
transmitting/receiver switched off, no transmission
transmitting/receiver active, normal function
For easier operation, the switching input can be activated/deactivated via switch S1
(see chapter 5.4.1: “Electrical connection - devices with screwed cable glands and
terminals”, Figure 1-1 and Figure 5-5):
Position S1:
On:
the switching input is not analysed. The transmitter/receiver unit is always in operation (internal preselection of the switching input with Vin).
Off:
the switching input is analysed. Depending on
the input voltage, normal function or transmitter/receiver unit switched off.
Note
When transmitter/receiver unit is switched off, the system behaves in the same way as
in the event of a light beam interruption (see chapter 12.4 “Operation”).
The switching input can be used, for example, during a corridor change to completely
avoid interference effects from other sensors or the data transmission.
Switch S1 is also present on the device models with M12 connectors.
5.4.2.3 Switching output
The ID-200 is equipped with a switching output OUT WARN which is activated if the
receiving level in the receiver drops.
Output voltage:
(relative to GND)
0 ... 2 V DC:
Vin – 2 V DC:
operating range
warning or shutoff range
The switching output is protected against:
short-circuit, surge current, surge voltage, overheating and transients.
Note
The ID-200 is still completely functional when the level of the receiving signal drops to
the warning signal level. Checking the alignment, and, if applicable, a readjustment
and/or cleaning of the glass pane leads to a significant improvement of the received
signal level.
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PROFIBUS / RS 485
6 PROFIBUS / RS 485
The PROFIBUS model of the ID-200 has the following features:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Operating ranges 120 m, 200 m
Electrically isolated interface
The ID-200 does not occupy a PROFIBUS address
Integrated repeater function (signal processing), can be switched off
Protocol-independent data transmission, i.e. transmission of the FMS, DP, MPI,
FMS/DP mixed operation protocols
2 connection variants: terminal connection with screwed cable glands or M12 connectors
Connectable bus terminator (termination), or ext. terminator plug on the M12
model
6 baud rates can be set (see chapter 6.3: “Device configuration PROFIBUS”)
Optional M12 connector set for conversion available on request
It is possible to cascade several ID-200 (see chapter 5.3)
6.1 PROFIBUS connection – devices with screwed cable glands and terminals
The electrical connection to the PROFIBUS is made at the terminals A, B, and COM.
The terminals A', B' and COM are provided for wiring through the bus.
PROFIBUS – terminals and switches
Terminal
Function
A, B, +
COM
A',-'
(N) PROFIBUS or (-) RS 485
(P) PROFIBUS or (+) RS 485
Potential equalisation
(N) PROFIBUS (-) respectively RS 485 of the
wired-through bus
(P) PROFIBUS or (+) RS 485 of the wired
through bus
B',+'
Switch
Function
S2
Termination On/Off
S3-1 ...
S3-3
Setting the baud rate of the PROFIBUS segment
S3-4
Changeover PROFIBUS (Off) / RS 485 (On)
Figure 6-1: Connection board of PROFIBUS model with terminals and screwed cable glands
CAUTION !
Please be sure to observe the installation requirements (bus cables, cable lengths,
shielding, etc.) defined in the PROFIBUS standard EN 50170 (Vol.2).
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PROFIBUS / RS 485
6.1.1 Converting the PROFIBUS model with terminals to M12 connectors
On request an optional M12 connector set is available. It consisting of a M12 connector (A-coded, power), M12 connector (B-coded, bus) and M12 socket (B-coded, bus),
with ready-made wires. This can be used to convert the PROFIBUS models with terminals/screwed cable glands to M12 connectors.
6.1.2 Conversion to M12 connectors
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Remove screwed cable gland 1, 2 and 3 (spanner size = 20mm)
Screw M12 plug (power) into the thread of the screwed cable gland 1 that you
have just removed and tighten it with spanner SW18.
Screw M12 socket (bus) into the thread of the screwed cable gland 2 that you
have just removed and tighten it with spanner SW18.
Screw M12 plug (bus) into the thread of the screwed cable gland 3 that you have
just removed and tighten it with spanner SW18.
Connect cables acc. to Figure 6-2 and Table 6-1.
M12-plug (power)
M12-socket (bus),
onward bus
M12-plug (bus),
incoming bus
Figure 6-2: Installation and connection of the optional M12 connectors
(1) M12 plug (Power)
Pin 1 (brown)
Pin 2 (white)
Pin 3 (blue)
Pin 4 (black)
Pin 5 (yellow/green)
Vin
OUT
GND
IN
PE
(2) M12 socket (bus),
onward bus
Pin 1 (not used)
Pin 2 (green)
Pin 3 (black)
Pin 4 (red)
Pin 5 (not used)
Screw fitting
A-OUT
COM
B-OUT
Shield
(3) M12 plug (bus),
incoming bus
Pin 1 (not used)
Pin 2 (green)
Pin 3 (black)
Pin 4 (red)
Pin 5 (not used)
Screw fitting
A-IN
COM
B-IN
Shield
Table 6-1: Connection of M12 connectors
Note
The orientation of the M12 connectors is not defined. The use of angular M12 connectors as counterparts is therefore discouraged.
An external termination on the M12 socket is not possible. For terminating the device,
the termination switch S2 must be used always
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PROFIBUS / RS 485
6.2 PROFIBUS connection - devices with M12 connectors
The electrical connection of the PROFIBUS is easily performed using M12 connectors.
Corresponding mating connectors are available for connecting the incoming bus as
well as for connecting the continuing bus (see chapter 1.2: “PROFIBUS”).
For all M12 device models, the connection is made via the two left, B-coded connectors BUS IN and BUS OUT (see Figure 6-3).
PROFIBUS: BUS IN
M12-plug, B-coded
PROFIBUS: BUS OUT
M12-socket, B-coded
All M12-device models: PWR IN
M12-plug, A-coded
Figure 6-3: Location and designation of the M12 PROFIBUS connections
BUS IN (5 pin. M12-plug, B-coded)
M12-plug
(B-coded)
Pin
Name
Remark
1
NC
2
A (N)
Receive/transmit data A-line (N)
3
GNDP
Data reference potential
4
B (P)
Receive/transmit data B-line (P)
5
NC
Not used
Thread
FE
Functional earth (housing)
Not used
Figure 6-4: Assignment M12 connector BUS IN
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PROFIBUS / RS 485
BUS OUT (5 pin M12-socket, B-coded)
M12-socket
(B-coded)
Pin
Name
Remark
1
VCC
5 V DC for bus terminator (termination)
2
A (N)
Receive/transmit data A-line (N)
3
GNDP
Data reference potential
4
B (P)
Receive/transmit data B-line (P)
5
NC
Not used
Thread
FE
Functional earth (housing)
Figure 6-5: Assignment M12 connector BUS OUT
6.2.1 Termination for devices with M12 connectors
Note
If the PROFIBUS network begins or ends at the ID-200 (not a continuing bus), the
BUS OUT connection must be terminated with the terminator plug which is available
as an optional accessory.
In this case, please also order the “terminator plug” 40803-40005 (see chapter 1.2.1:
“Terminator plug PROFIBUS”).
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PROFIBUS / RS 485
6.3 Device configuration PROFIBUS
6.3.1 Termination for devices with screwed cable glands and terminals
The PROFIBUS can be terminated via the switch S2 in the ID-200. If the termination
is active (S2 = On), internal bus resistors are connected as per the PROFIBUS standard and the PROFIBUS is not wired through at terminals A' and B'.
Activate the termination when the PROFIBUS segment begins or ends at the ID-200.
The default setting is termination inactive (S2 = Off).
6.3.2 Adjustment of the transmission rate
You must set the transmission rate of your PROFIBUS segment using the three DIP
switches S3-1 up to S3-3. Possible transmission rates are:
•
9.60
kBit/s
•
19.20
kBit/s
•
93.75
kBit/s
•
187.50
kBit/s
•
500.00
kBit/s
•
1500.00
kBit/s
Set the transmission rate in accordance with the table printed on the connection circuit
board (see Figure 6-1). The default setting is:
•
•
9.6 kBit/s for ID-200 PROFIBUS device models with terminal connection
1500 kBit/s for ID-200 PROFIBUS device models with M12 connection
6.3.3 Changeover PROFIBUS / RS 485 (default: 'Off' = PROFIBUS)
The ID-200 has, as a standard function, a repeater function (signal processing) and is,
with regard to the PROFIBUS, to be viewed as a repeater.
Note
Please observe the guidelines specified in EN 50170 (Vol.2) regarding the use of repeaters. The delay time of a data transmission path is maximum 1.5 µs + 1 TBit.
It is also possible to transmit other RS 485 protocols. For PROFIBUS applications, S34 should be set to ‘Off’ (‘0’). DIP-switch S3-4 can be used to switch off the repeater
function for non-PROFIBUS applications (S3-4 = ‘On’). In this case, no signal regeneration takes place. The RS 485 protocol must, however, still provide certain features.
Please contact the manufacturer if you would like to use the ID-200 for
general RS 485 protocols.
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PROFIBUS / RS 485
6.4 LED Indicators PROFIBUS
In addition to the indicator and operating elements present in all device models (bar
graph, buttons, LEDs AUT, MAN, ADJ; see chapter 12.1 “Indicator and operating elements”) the PROFIBUS model also has the following indicators:
LED PWR: green
= operating indicator
green flashing = transmitter/receiver unit switched off via
switching input IN or hardware error
LED Tx:
off
= no operating voltage
green
= data are being transmitted to the bus
green flashing = with baud rates set to very low values, the
LEDs Tx and Rx flicker. At very high baud
rates (> 50 kBit/s), flashing LEDs Tx and
Rx indicate faulty bus communication.
LED Rx:
off
= no data on the transmission line
green
= data are being received by the bus
green flashing = with baud rates set to very low values, the
LEDs Tx und Rx. flicker. At very high baud
rates (> 50 kBit/s) flashing LEDs Tx and
Rx indicate faulty bus communication.
off
= no data on the reception line
Figure 6-6: Indicator/operating elements for the PROFIBUS model
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INTERBUS 500 kBit/s / RS 422
7 INTERBUS 500 kBit/s / RS 422
The INTERBUS model of the ID-200 has the following features:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Operating ranges 120 m, 200 m
Electrically isolated interface
The ID-200 is not an INTERBUS subscriber
Protocol-independent data transmission, transparent compared to other RS 422
protocols
500 kBit/s fixed transmission rate with INTERBUS, with RS 422 generally lower
transmission rates as well
Cascading of several ID-200 is possible (see chapter 5.3: “Cascading (series connection) of several ID-200 data paths”)
7.1 Electrical connection INTERBUS 500 kBit/s
The electrical connection to the INTERBUS is made at terminals DO.../ DI... and COM
as shown in Figure 7-1.
INTERBUS – terminals and switches
Terminal
Function
DO1; DI2, Rx+
/DO1; /DI2, RxDI1; DO2, Tx+
/DI1; /DO2, TxCOM
Reception line +
Reception line Transmission line +
Transmission line Potential equalisation
Switch
Function
S4
Position In:
incoming bus with shielding connection
via RC circuit
Position Out (default):
outgoing bus with direct shielding connection
Figure 7-1: Connection circuit board of the INTERBUS model
CAUTION !
Please be sure to observe the installation requirements (bus cables, cable lengths,
shielding, etc.) defined in the INTERBUS standard EN 50254.
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INTERBUS 500 kBit/s / RS 422
Figure 7-2: Connection ID-200 to the INTERBUS (copper line)
7.2 Device configuration INTERBUS 500 kBit/s / RS 422
7.2.1 Device configuration INTERBUS
Changeover incoming/outgoing bus and shielding connection
(default: 'Out')
Switch S4 must be used to specify in the ID-200 whether the connected bus cable is
for the incoming bus (In) or outgoing bus (Out):
Switch 4:
Setting In:
incoming bus, the shielding connection (clamp) is connected via a RC circuit to PE
Setting Out:
outgoing bus, the shielding connection (clamp) is connected directly to PE
Figure 7-3: Shielding connection for incoming/outgoing bus
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INTERBUS 500 kBit/s / RS 422
7.2.2 Device configuration RS 422
General RS 422 protocols can be transmitted with the ID-200. No baud rate setting is
necessary (max. 500 kBit/s). The shielding connection can be set via switch S4 as
with the Interbus.
Note
The delay time of a light path is 1.5 µs (depending on the distance).
7.3 LED indicators INTERBUS 500 kBit/s / RS 422
In addition to the indicator and operating elements present in all device models (bar
graph, buttons, LEDs AUT, MAN, ADJ; see Chapter 12.1 “Indicator and operating
elements”) the INTERBUS model also has the following indicators:
LED PWR: green
LED Tx:
LED Rx:
= operating indicator
green flashing
= transmitter/receiver unit switched off
via switching input IN or hardware
error
off
= no operating voltage
green
= data are being transmitted to the bus
green flashing
= with baud rates set to very low values, the LEDs Tx and Rx flicker. At
very high baud rates (> 50 kBit/s),
flashing LEDs Tx and Rx indicate
faulty bus communication.
off
= no data on the transmission line
green
= data are being received by the bus
green flashing
= with baud rates set to very low values, the LEDs Tx and Rx flicker. At
very high baud rates (> 50 kBit/s),
flashing LEDs Tx and Rx indicate
faulty bus communication.
off:
= no data on the reception line
Figure 7-4: Indicator/operating elements for the INTERBUS model
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INTERBUS 2 MBit/s Fibre Optic Cable
8 INTERBUS 2 MBit/s Fibre Optic Cable
The INTERBUS fibre optic cable model of the ID-200 has the following features:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Operating range 200 m
Transmission protected against interference by the use of fibre optic cables
Bus connection by means of polymer-fibre cable with FSMA connector
The ID-200 is an INTERBUS subscriber (Ident-Code: 0x0C = 12 dec), but does not
occupy data in the bus
Adjustable transmission rate 500 kBit/s or 2 MBit/s
Cascading of several ID-200 is possible (see chapter 5.3: “Cascading (series connection) of several ID-200 data paths”)
8.1 Fibre optic cable connection INTERBUS 2 MBit/s
The connection to the INTERBUS occurs by the FSMA connectors H1 and H2 as
shown in Figure 8-1.
Recommended fibre optic cable:
•
•
PSM-LWL-KDHEAVY... (Phoenix Contact)
PSM-LWL-RUGGED... (Phoenix Contact)
Note
The maximum length of the fibre-optic cables is 50 m.
INTERBUS – terminals and switches
Fibre optic cable socket
Receiver fibre optic cable
Transmitter fibre optic cable
H1
H2
Switch
S2
S3
Function
Function
Setting 500k:
INTERBUS fibre-optic-cable
transmission rate 500 kBit/s
Setting 2 M (default):
INTERBUS fibre-optic-cable
transmission rate 2 MBit/s
Setting In Bus (default):
incoming bus fibre optic cable
Setting Out Bus:
outgoing bus fibre optic cable
Figure 8-1: Connection circuit board of the INTERBUS model
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INTERBUS 2 MBit/s Fibre Optic Cable
CAUTION !
Please, be sure to observe the installation requirements defined in the INTERBUSstandard EN 50254 and follow the handling and installation specifications for fibre optic cables as specified by the manufacturer.
For the fibre optic cable guides, use only the large screwed cable gland M20 x 1.5.
Do not bend beyond the specified minimum bending radius given for the fibreoptic-cable type used! Observe the maximum fibre-optic cable length!
Figure 8-2: Connection of the ID-200 to the INTERBUS (fibre optic cable)
8.2 Device configuration INTERBUS 2 MBit/s fibre optic cable
Transmission rate changeover (default: '2M')
In the ID-200, switch S2 must be used to specify the transmission rate of the fibreoptic-cable INTERBUS:
Switch S2:
Setting 500 k:
transmission rate 500 kBit/s.
Setting 2 M (default):
transmission rate 2 MBit/s.
Changeover incoming/outgoing bus (default: 'Out Bus')
Switch S3 must be used to specify in the ID-200 whether the connected fibre optic cable is for the incoming bus (In Bus) or outgoing bus (Out Bus):
Switch S3:
Setting In Bus (default):
incoming bus fibre optic cable,
outgoing bus optical data transmission
Setting Out Bus:
incoming bus optical data transmission
outgoing bus fibre optic cable
Note
The delay time of a light path is 2.5 µs.
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INTERBUS 2 MBit/s Fibre Optic Cable
8.3 LED indicators INTERBUS 2 MBit/s fibre optic cable
In addition to the indicator and operating elements present in all device models (bar
graph, buttons, LEDs AUT, MAN, ADJ; see chapter 12.1 “Indicator and operating elements”), the INTERBUS model also has the following indicators:
LED UL:
green
= operating indicator (Power on)
green flashing = transmitter/receiver unit switched
off via switching input IN or hardware error
LED RC:
UL = Logic voltage UL
RC = Remote Bus Check
BA = Bus Activity
LED BA:
LED RD:
RD = Remote Bus Disable
FO1 = Fibre Optics 1
LED FO1:
FO2 = Fibre Optics 2
LED FO2:
off
= no operating voltage
green
= INTERBUS connection OK
off
= INTERBUS in reset mode or connection not OK
green
= display of bus activity
off
= no bus activity
yellow
= continuing bus switched off
off
= continuing bus detected
yellow
= initialisation faulty or MAU warning
(Master in RUN state)
off
= initialisation OK, no MAU warning
(Master in READY state)
yellow
= initialisation faulty or MAU warning
(Master in run state)
off
= initialisation OK, no MAU warning
(Master in READY state)
Figure 8-3: Indicator/operating elements for the INTERBUS model
Note
The ID-200 is an INTERBUS subscriber (Ident-Code: 0x0C = 12 dec.).
If the value falls below the warning level (bar graph), a peripheral error message is
transmitted via the INTERBUS. When this error message is transmitted, the usual
cause is soiling of the glass optics (see chapter 13.1 “Cleaning”), an incorrectly adjusted data transmission path, or an interrupted light path.
You can also use the diagnostic options available via the INTERBUS.
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Data Highway + (DH+) / Remote I/O (RIO)
9 Data Highway + (DH+) / Remote I/O (RIO)
The DH+/RIO model of the ID-200 has the following features:
•
•
•
•
•
Operating ranges 120 m, 200 m
Electrically isolated interface
Direct connection to the Data Highway + and Remote I/O bus from Rockwell
Automation (Allen Bradley)
Adjustable transmission rate 57.6 / 115.2 or 230.4 kBit/s
Cascading of several ID-200 is possible (see chapter 5.3: “Cascading (series connection) of several ID-200 data paths”)
9.1 Electrical connection DH+ / RIO
The electrical connection to the DH+ / RIO bus is made according to the table on the
connection circuit board at the terminals 1, 2 and 3. These terminals are provided
double for wiring through the bus.
Cable to be use:
Bluehouse Twinax (Belden 9463 or Allen Bradley
1770-CD)
DH+/RIO – terminals and switches
Terminal
Assignment DH+
Assignment RIO
1
2
3
CLEAR
SHIELD
BLUE
BLUE
SHIELD
CLEAR
Switch
Function
S2-1, S2-2
Setting the transmission rate (see table on the
connection circuit board), default: 230.4 kBit/s
S3-1
Filter for interference-peak rejection.
S3-2
Setting On (1):
filter switched on (default)
Setting Off (0):
filter switched off
not used
Figure 9-1: Connection circuit board of the DH+ / RIO model
CAUTION !
The right DH+ / RIO connections 1 and 3 are equipped standard with an 82 Ω resistor
for terminating the bus. Remove this terminating resistor when the bus cable in the
ID-200 is to be wired through to another bus subscriber, i.e. the ID-200 is not the last
device on the bus cable. The use of the ID-200 is limited to bus systems with 82 Ωtermination.
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Data Highway + (DH+) / Remote I/O (RIO)
9.2 Device configuration DH+ / RIO
Cascading of multiple ID-200 transmission paths (filter, default: ‘On’ = on)
If multiple ID-200 transmission paths are to be cascaded within a bus segment (see
Figure 9-2), the filter for interference-peak suppression (switch S3-1) must be adjusted
according the selected transmission rate. Observe also the informations in chapter
5.3: “Cascading (series connection) of several ID-200 data paths”.
Figure 9-2: Cascading multiple optical transmission paths with DH+ / RIO
In accordance with the following table, set the filter for each ID-200 transmission path
at both devices for the given path using switch S3-1.
Setting of S3-1 for
Baud rate
1 path
2 paths
57.6 kBit/s
Path 1: On (1)
Path 1: On (1)
Path 2: Off (0)
115.2 kBit/s
and
230.4 kBit/s
Path 1: On (1)
Path 1: On (1)
Path 2: On (1)
3 paths
Path 1: On (1)
Path 2: Off (0)
Path 3: Off (0)
Path 1: On (1)
Path 2: On (1)
Path 3: On (1)
Table 9-1: Filter settings when cascading multiple ID-200 transmission paths
Note
The delay time of a light path is:
S3-1 On (1) = approx. 1.5 µs + 1.5 TBit
S3-1 Off (0) = approx. 1.5 µs
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Data Highway + (DH+) / Remote I/O (RIO)
9.3 LED indicators DH+ / RIO
In addition to the indicator and operating elements present in all device models (bar
graph, buttons, LEDs AUT, MAN, ADJ; see chapter 12.1 “Indicator and operating elements”), the DH+/RIO model also has the following indicators:
LED PWR: green
= operating indicator
green flashing = transmitter/receiver unit switched off
via switching IN or hardware error
LED Tx:
off
= no operating voltage
green
= data are being transmitted to the bus
green flashing = with baud rates set to very low values,
the LEDs Tx and Rx flicker. At very
high baud rates (> 50 kBit/s), flashing
LEDs Tx and Rx indicate faulty bus
communication.
off
LED Rx:
green
no data on the transmission line
= data are being received by the bus
green flashing = with baud rates set to very low values,
the LEDs Tx and Rx flicker. At very
high baud rates (> 50 kBit/s), flashing
LEDs Tx and Rx indicate faulty bus
communication.
off
= no data on the reception line
Figure 9-3: Indicator/operating elements of the DH+/RIO-model
Note
You can also use the diagnostic options available via the bus system.
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DeviceNet / CANopen
10 DeviceNet / CANopen
The DeviceNet/CANopen model of the ID-200 has the following features:
•
Operating ranges 120 m, 200 m
•
The ID-200 40802-5x0xx can transmit both
DeviceNet as well as CANopen protocols
•
Electrically isolated interface
•
The ID-200 does not occupy an address
•
CAN controller acc. to 2.0B standard
•
Can simultaneously process 11-bit and 29-bit identifiers
•
8 baud rates can be set (10, 20, 50, 125, 250, 500, 800 kBit/s, 1M Bit/s)
•
Baud rate conversion possible
•
With ID-200 it is possible to extend the overall size of a CAN network
•
Optional M12 connector set for conversion available on request
•
Various supply options are possible for the device
•
Cascading of several ID-200 is possible (see chapter 5.3: “Cascading (series
connection) of several ID-200 data paths”)
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DeviceNet / CANopen
10.1 Electrical connection DeviceNet / CANopen
The electrical connection to DeviceNet / CANopen is made at terminals V-, CAN_L,
DRAIN, CAN_H, V+. The terminals are available as double connectors for wiring
through the bus.
No.
Terminal
Cable colour
1
V-
black
2
3
4
5
CAN_L
DRAIN
CAN_H
V+
blue
transparent
white
red
Switch
Position
BUS
S2
Vin default
S3
S4.1
S4.2
0 default
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
ON
OFF default
ON/OFF
Function
neg. supply
(CAN ground reference)
bus signal (LOW)
shield
bus signal (HIGH)
pos. supply
Function
bus transceivers are supplied via the bus
cable (V- and V+ lines)
bus transceivers are supplied via internal
DC/DC converters
125 kBit baud CANopen/DeviceNet
250 kBit baud CANopen/DeviceNet
500 kBit baud CANopen/DeviceNet
10 kBit baud
CANopen
20 kBit baud
CANopen
50 kBit baud
CANopen
800 kBit baud
CANopen
1000 kBit baud
CANopen
Reserved
Reserved
sorting memory is active
sorting memory is deactivated (FIFO)
Reserved
Figure 10-1: DeviceNet / CANopen, connection-board variant
CAUTION !
The maximum permissible current which may pass over terminals V+ / V- is 3 A; the
maximum permissible voltage is 25 V (11 … 25 V)!
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DeviceNet / CANopen
10.1.1 Bus transceiver and device supplied via separate power connection
•
•
•
Switch S2 = Vin.
Bus electrically insulated (isolated node)
CAN_GND must be connected to V-
Power
DeviceNet / CANopen
outgoing bus
DeviceNet / CANopen
incoming bus
Figure 10-2: Bus transceiver and device supplied via separate power connection
10.1.2 Bus transceiver supplied via bus cable, device supplied separate
•
•
Switch S2 = BUS.
Bus electrically insulated (isolated node)
Power
DeviceNet/CANopen
outgoing bus
DeviceNet/CANopen
incoming bus
Figure 10-3: Bus transceiver supplied via bus cable, device supplied via separate power line
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DeviceNet / CANopen
10.1.3 Bus transceiver and device supplied via bus cable
•
•
•
Switch S2 = BUS.
Bus not electrically insulated (non-isolated node).
Current consumption see chapter 3 “Technical Data”.
DeviceNet/CANopen
outgoing bus
DeviceNet/CANopen
incoming bus
Row 1
Row 2
Figure 10-4: Bus transceiver and device supplied via bus cable
Incoming bus cable
Cable
V- (black)
CAN_L (blue)
DRAIN (transparent)
CAN_H (white)
V+ (red)
Outgoing bus cable
Terminal
Cable
V- (row 1)
V- (black)
CAN_L (row 1)
CAN_L (blue)
DRAIN (row 1)
DRAIN (transparent)
CAN_H (row 1)
CAN_H (white)
V+ (row 1)
V+ (red)
Bridge between Vin and V+ (row 2)
Bridge between GND and V- (row 2)
Terminal
GND
CAN_L (row 2)
DRAIN (row 2)
CAN_H (row 2)
Vin
Table 10-1: Connection table
Note
In order for this interface connection to be conformant with the DeviceNet Ground
concept, the load on the switching output and/or the source at the switching input must
be potential free.
If the complete device is operated using the supply in the bus cable, it must be ensured that the voltage is at least 18V.
The total current of the device is the device current plus the current drawn at the
switching output.
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DeviceNet / CANopen
10.1.4 Installation and connection of the optional M12 connectors
On request an optional M12 connector set is available. It consists of an M12 plug
(power), an M12 plug (bus), and an M12 socket (bus) with ready-made wires. If the
M12 connector set is used, a possible termination should be carried out with the optionally available terminal connector. Corresponding mating connectors are available
for connecting the incoming bus as well as for connecting the continuing bus (see
chapter 15.2: “DeviceNet / CANopen”).
10.1.4.1 Conversion to M12 connectors
1. Remove screwed cable gland 1, 2 and 3 (spanner size = 20mm)
2. Screw M12 plug (power) into the thread of the screwed cable gland 1 that you
have just removed and tighten it with spanner SW18.
3. Screw M12 socket (bus) into the thread of the screwed cable gland 2 that you
have just removed and tighten it with spanner SW18.
4. Screw M12 plug (bus) into the thread of the screwed cable gland 3 that you
have just removed and tighten it with spanner SW18.
5. Connect cables acc. to Figure 10-5 and Table 10-2.
M12 plug (Power)
M12 socket (bus),
onward bus
M12 plug (bus),
incoming bus
Figure 10-5: Installation and connection of the optional M12 connectors
(1) M12 plug (Power)
Pin 1 (brown)
Pin 2 (white)
Pin 3 (blue)
Pin 4 (black)
Pin 5 (yellow/green)
Vin
OUT
GND
IN
PE
(2) M12 socket (bus),
onward bus
Pin 1 (transparent)
Pin 2 (red)
Pin 3 (black)
Pin 4 (white)
Pin 5 (blue)
DRAIN
V+
VCAN_H
CAN_L
(3) M12 plug (bus),
incoming bus
PIN 1 (transparent)
Pin 2 (red)
Pin 3 (black)
Pin 4 (white)
Pin 5 (blue)
DRAIN
V+
VCAN_H
CAN_L
Table 10-2: Connection of M12 connectors
Note
The orientation of the M12 connectors is not defined. The use of angular M12 connectors as counterparts is therefore discouraged.
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DeviceNet / CANopen
10.2 Device configuration DeviceNet / CANopen
10.2.1 Baud rate conversion
Through the use of an optical transmission system, the bus is divided into two segments. Different baud rates can be used in the physically separated segments. The
ID-200s then function as baud rate converters. During baud rate conversion, it must
be ensured that the bandwidth of the segment with the lower baud rate is adequate for
processing the incoming data.
10.2.2 Sorting (switch S4.1)
With the aid of switch S4.1, sorting of the internal memory can be activated and deactivated. If sorting is deactivated (switch S4.1 = OFF, default), CAN frames are handled according to the FIFO principle (First-In-First-Out).
If sorting is active (switch S4.1 = ON), CAN frames are sorted according to their priority. The message with the highest priority in memory is the next one to be put onto the
connected network for arbitration.
10.2.3 Bus lengths as a function of the baud rate
Switch position
S3
Baud rate
max. cable length
per bus segment
Interface
0 (Default)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
125 kBit
250 kBit
500 kBit
10 kBit
20 kBit
50 kBit
800 kBit
1000 kBit
500 m
250 m
100 m
5000 m
2500 m
1000 m
50 m
30 m
CANopen / DeviceNet
CANopen / DeviceNet
CANopen / DeviceNet
CANopen
CANopen
CANopen
CANopen
CANopen
Note
The mechanical expansion of the bus system can be increased through the use of the
ID-200.
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DeviceNet / CANopen
10.3 Wiring
•
•
•
The ends of the bus lines must be terminated between CAN_L and CAN_H for
each physical bus segment (see Figure 10-6 R ).
Typical CAN cables consist of a twisted-pair cable with a shield that is usually
used as CAN_GND. Only use cables recommended for DeviceNet or
CANopen.
The ground reference CAN_GND must only be connected to earth potential
(PE) at one place on a physical bus segment (see
Physical bus segment 1
R
DT
1)
Physical bus segment 2
DT
TN
TN
R
R
1)
TN
DT
PE
TN
Physical bus segment 3
DT
TN
TN
R
PE
R
R
1)
PE
TN
TN = bus subscriber
1): Part of the communication device
Figure 10-6: DeviceNet / CANopen wiring
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DeviceNet / CANopen
10.3.1 Termination
10.3.1.1 DeviceNet
•
•
External termination for M12 connector version is available as an option
Resistance and other features are described in the DeviceNet specifications
of the ODVA (Open DeviceNet Vendor Association).
•
Resistance: typically 120 Ω (supplied with the device, installed between
CAN_L and CAN_H)
External termination for M12 connector version is available as an option
Resistance and other features are described in the CANopen specification
ISO 11898.
10.3.1.2 CANopen
•
•
Power
120 Ohm
Termination with 120 Ω
DeviceNet/CANopen
incoming bus
Figure 10-7: Termination in the unit
A 120 Ω resistor is connected standard between terminals CAN_L and CAN_H. If the
device is not the last subscriber of the bus segment, the resistor must be removed and
the outgoing bus cable connected to the terminal strip.
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DeviceNet / CANopen
10.4 DeviceNet / CANopen LED indicators
In addition to the indicator and operating elements present in all device models (bar
graph, buttons, LEDs AUT, MAN, ADJ; see chapter 12.1 “Indicator and operating elements”), the DeviceNet/CANopen model also has the following indicators:
LED PWR:
PWR Tx
Rx
AUT
MAN
ADJ
green
green flashing
off
BUF ERPA BOFF
LED Tx:
green
green flashing
off
LED Rx:
green
green flashing
= operating indicator
= transmitter / receiver unit switched off via
switching input IN or hardware error
= no operating voltage
= data being transmitted to the bus
= with baud rates set to very low values, or with
low bus traffic, the LEDs Tx and Rx flicker.
= no data being transmitted to the bus
off
= data are being received
= with baud rates set to very low values, or with
low bus traffic, the LEDs Tx and Rx flicker.
= no data on the reception line
LED BUF:
yellow
yellow flashing
off
= buffer load: > 70 %
= buffer load: 30 % … 70 %
= buffer load: < 30 %
LED ERPA:
yellow
= ID-200 is in "Error Passive" state, full communication functionality, however in the event of an
error, a passive error flag is sent (see also
"BOSCH CAN Specification 2.0").
Measures:
- check termination, wiring, baud rate
= ID-200 is in "Error Active" state, full communication functionality, however in the event of an
error, an active error flag is sent, normal state
off
LED BOFF:
yellow
yellow flashing
off
= ID-200 in "BusOff" state, does not reattempt to
participate in bus traffic
→ manual intervention necessary
Measures:
- check termination, wiring, baud rate
- power OFF/ON of the devices supply or bus
supply
= ID-200 in the "BusOff" state, but does reattempt to participate in bus traffic
= ID-200 not in the "BusOff" state, normal state
Figure 10-8: Indicator/operating elements of the DeviceNet/CANopen model
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DeviceNet / CANopen
1.1 Interruption of the data transmission path
10.4.1 Response upon interruption of the optical data transmission path
Segment 1
Segment 2
Interruption of theoptical data
transmission path
DT1
DT2
TN1
TN4
TN2
TN3
Figure 10-9: Interruption of the optical data transmission path
If only data fragments are received as the result of the interruption in the optical
transmission path, these are detected and are not transmitted to the CAN bus segment. The connected subscribers are not informed of an interruption in the optical
transmission path via the protocol (switching output is activated). Data transmitted during the interruption are lost. The primary protocol is responsible for management f the
subscribers. For this reason, the monitoring mechanisms of the primary protocol
should be used (Node/Life Guarding, Heartbeat, ...).
10.4.2 "Monitoring" of subscribers
If an ID-200 optical data transmission system is used in a DeviceNet or CANopen system, it is beneficial o monitor all subscribers to determine whether they are still participating in data exchange. The following mechanisms are available for this purpose:
10.4.2.1 Heartbeat
Subscribers transmit cyclical heartbeat messages. If a message is not received for a
certain period of time, this is detected by the connected subscribers as a "Heartbeat
Error".
10.4.2.2 Node / Life Guarding (CANopen)
The NMT Master (Network Management Master) cyclically queries all subscribers and
expects an answer within a certain period of time. If this response is not received, a
"Guarding Error" is detected.
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DeviceNet / CANopen
10.4.3 Response in the event of buffer overload
If, as the result of errors on the CAN bus segment, no ID-200 data can be transmitted
to this segment or data can be transmitted only sporadically, the ID-200 reacts as follows:
1. CAN frames are temporarily stored (64 frames for baud rates * 800 kBit and 128
frames for baud rates < 800 kBit).
2. If between 30 % and 70 % of the memory is occupied, the "BUF" LED flashes
3. If > 70 % of the memory is occupied, the "BUF" LED is constantly illuminated
4. In the event of a buffer overflow, the memory is completely deleted.
10.4.4 Response in the event of errors on a sub-segment
Other segments are not informed of errors on a sub-segment.
10.5 Important notices for system integrators
CAUTION !
The notices provide initial information and describe the working principles of the optical data transceiver with DeviceNet and CANopen.
The notices must be read by each user before the first commissioning of the ID-200
with DeviceNet and CANopen.
Possible restrictions in the timing of the optical data transmission in comparison to
copper based data transmission are described here.
Due to the bit-synchronous arbitration mechanism in the CAN and the resulting high
time requirements, arbitration via the optical, free-space data transmission system
(abbreviated DT) is not possible. One original segment is divided into two subsegments. Because of the division into multiple segments, there are several points
which must be observed when designing the system.
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DeviceNet / CANopen
10.5.1 Schematic drawing of the inner construction
Original bus without optical
data transmission
Arbitration segment 1
One arbitration segment
TN1
Split bus with optical
data transmission ID-200
DT1
TN4
Arbitration segment 2
DT2
TN1
TN2
TN4
TN3
TN2
TN3
DT1
DT2
Receive buffer OP
1
2
3
Receive buffer CU
Frame
Frame
Frame
Arbitrate data on
segment 1
64
Frame
1
2
3
Frame
10
Frame
Frame
Frame
Data from segment 2
to segment 1
Optical full duplex
transmission
Receive buffer OP
Receive buffer CU
Data from segment 1
to segment 2
1
2
3
Frame
10
Frame
1
2
3
Frame
Frame
Frame
Frame
Frame
Arbitrate data on
segment 2
64
Frame
Figure 10-10: Segmentation
•
•
•
•
•
Data from Segment 1 are written in reception buffer CU (10 frames) and optically transmitted directly from there.
The transmitted data are received by the DT2 and written in reception buffer
OP (64 frames > 800 kBit and 128 frames < 800 kBit).
Data in reception buffer OP are sorted by priority or processed according to
the FIFO principle (depending on the operating mode used)
Data in reception buffer OP are passed to Segment 2 for arbitration.
The same process also occurs when transmitting data from Segment 2 to
Segment 1.
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DeviceNet / CANopen
10.5.2 Timing
Telegram delay from segment to segment
•
•
typical run-time delay of the messages in one direction
calculated with 10 % stuffing bits
Message memory not sorted (FIFO)
Number of bits in the telegram • 1.1 • (0.5 µs + TBit ) + 10 µs
Message memory sorted
Number of bits in the telegram • 1.1 • (0.5 µs + TBit ) + 45 µs
Example 1: DeviceNet
Example 2: CANopen
• 125 kBit/s (→ TBit = 8 µs)
• 4 bytes of data
• Message memory sorted
Protocol overhead
Data
Stuffing bits
→ number of bits in the telegram
1 • telegram length
1 • Number of bits • 0.5 µs
Processing
Typ. gross delay
• 1 MBit/s (→ TBit = 1 µs)
• 8 bytes of data
• Message memory not sorted (FIFO)
Protocol overhead
47 bits
Data
64 bits
Stuffing bits
12 bits
→ number of bits in the telegram
123 bits
1 • telegram length
1 • Number of bits • 0.5 µs
Processing
Typ. gross delay
47 bits
32 bits
8 bits
87 bits
696 µs
44 µs
45 µs
785 µs
123 µs
62 µs
10 µs
195 µs
The maximum delay is dependent on various boundary conditions:
•
•
•
•
bus load
message priority
history
sorting active / not active
If a slave is addressed by a subscriber along an entire segment and expects an answer, twice the propagation time must be planned for (twice the optical path).
If multiple optical paths are used in a system, the delay times may be added (depending on the constellation in the bus).
The increased delay times must be taken into consideration when parameterising the
system.
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DeviceNet / CANopen
10.5.3 Synchronous messages
As a result of dividing the network into multiple segments and the resulting delay of
messages between the segments, there are limitations associated with synchronous
transmission. The following types of telegrams are affected:
DeviceNet
Message
Function
Effects caused by DT
Master simultaneously
transmits 1 bit of output data to all subscribers.
One message is simultaneously transmitted
to several subscribers.
All subscribers receive the message, but not simultaneously.
Should therefore not be used for
synchronisation purposes.
Message
Function
Effects caused by DT
Sync
All subscribers are
synchronised on a
sync telegram, e.g.
input data are read in
and transmitted
Time stamp
Transmits time information.
Bit strobe
Broadcast
messages
All subscribers receive the message, but not simultaneously.
CANopen
The message is transmitted to all
subscribers. Subscribers in another
segment, e.g. Segment 2, receive
this telegram with a time delay and
are, thus, not synchronised with the
subscribers in Segment 1.
All subscribers receive the message. Subscribers in a segment
other than the producer of the
message receive this information
with a time delay. An error in the
timing information results:
min. Ttot = number of bits in the
telegram x (0.5 µs +TBit) + 100 µs
10.5.4 Other implementation notes
Bus expansion is maximised by dividing into two sub-segments
•
•
without data transmission equipment: 1 x max. bus length
with data transmission equipment: 2 x max. bus length + optical path
With the DeviceNet, make certain that subscribers with large quantities of data or long
response times are as high as possible in the scan list.
If the master of a DeviceNet network regularly begins a new scanning process even
though not all slave responses have been received, proceed as follows
1. Make certain that subscribers with large quantities of data or long response times
are as high as possible in the scan list. If not, the order should be rearranged.
2. Increase interscan delays until all responses are received within a single scanning
cycle.
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Ethernet
11 Ethernet
The Ethernet model of the ID-200 has the following features:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Operating ranges 120 m, 200 m
Supports 10Base-T and 100Base-TX (half and full duplex)
Effective data transmission with 2 MBit/s full duplex
Supports autopolarity and autonegotiation (Nway)
Supports frames up to 1522 bytes in length
The ID-200 for Ethernet does not occupy a MAC address
Protocol-independent (transmits all protocols that are based on TCP/IP and
UDP, e.g., Ethernet, Modbus TCP/IP, ProfiNet V1+V2)
RJ-45 connector (a separate screwed cable gland is used to achieve protection class IP 65)
M12 connectors, D-coded
Conversion of 10Base-T to 100Base-TX and vice versa is possible
Internal 16 kByte message memory (sufficient for approx. 250 short telegrams)
Increased network expandability owing to optical data transmission:
• without optical data transmission = 100 m
• with optical data transmission = 2 • 100 m + optical transmission path
It is possible to cascade several ID-200 (see chapter 5.3: “Cascading (series
connection) of several ID-200 data paths”)
11.1 Ethernet connection - devices with screwed cable glands and terminals
Electrical connection to Ethernet is realised using the RJ45 socket X1.
Socket
X1
Function
RJ-45 socket for 10 Base-T or 100Base-TX
Switch
Position
Function
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
Autonegotiation active (default)
Autonegotiation deactivated
100 MBit
10 MBit (default)
Full duplex
Half duplex (default)
Reserved
Reserved (default)
S2.1
S2.2
S2.3
S2.4
Note
If autonegotiation is active (S2.1 = ON),
the position of switches S2.2 and S2.3
is irrelevant. The operating mode is determined automatically.
CAUTION !
Please observe the notices on cabling in
chapter 11.4 “Wiring”.
Figure 11-1: Connection circuit board of the Ethernet model
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Ethernet
11.2 Ethernet connection - devices with M12 connectors
The electrical connection of the Ethernet is easily performed using M12 connectors.
For the Ethernet connention corresponding mating connectors are available.
(see chapter 1.3 “Ethernet”).
For all M12 device models, the connection is made via the left, D-coded connector
BUS IN (see Figure 11-2).
All M12 device models: PWR IN
M12 plug, A-coded
Ethernet: BUS IN
M12 socket, D-coded
Figure 11-2: Location and designation of the M12 Ethernet connections
BUS IN (4-pin. M12 socket, D-coded)
M12 socket
(D-coded)
Pin
Name
Remark
1
TD+
Transmit Data +
2
RD+
Receive Data +
3
TD-
Transmit Data -
4
RD-
Receive Data -
SH (thread)
FE
Functional earth (housing)
Figure 11-3: Assignment M12 connector BUS IN for Ethernet
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Ethernet
11.3 Device configuration Ethernet
11.3.1 Autonegotiation (Nway)
If the switch S2.1 of the ID-200 is set to ON (default), the device is in autonegotiation
mode. This means that the ID-200 detects the transmission characteristics of the connected partner unit automatically (10 MBit or 100 MBit, full or half duplex) and adjusts
itself accordingly.
If both devices are in autonegotiation mode, they adjust to the highest common denominator.
If a certain transmission type is to be required, the autonegotiation function must be
deactivated (S2.1 = OFF). The transmission characteristics can then be set using the
switches S2.2 and S2.3.
11.3.2 Transmission rate conversion
Through the use of an optical transmission system, the Ethernet is divided into two
segments. Different transmission rates can be used in the physically separated segments. The ID-200s then functions as transmission rate converter. During transmission rate conversion, it must be ensured that the bandwidth of the segment with the
lower transmission rate is adequate for processing the incoming data.
11.3.3 Network expansion
Optical data transmission
Switch / hub
Terminal / PLC
120m / 200m
1 : 1 cable
max. 100m
Crossover cable
max. 100m
Figure 11-4: Network extension
Note
The network expansion of the bus system can be increased through the use of the
ID-200.
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Ethernet
11.4 Wiring
Note
As shown in Figure 11-5 through Figure 11-7, a distinction is to be made between a
1 : 1 cable and a "crossover" cable. The "crossover" cable is required whenever the
participants (switch, hub, router, PC, PLC, etc.) connected to the ID-200 do not provide "autocrossing". If the "autocrossing" function is available in the connected participants, a normal 1 : 1 cable can be used.
11.4.1 ID-200 between switch/hub and terminal/PLC
Optical data transmission
Switch / hub
Terminal / PLC
Crossover cable
1 : 1 cable
Figure 11-5: ID-200 between switch/hub and terminal/PLC
Note
Make sure that the 1 : 1 cable and crossover cable are connected correctly.
Do not plug the 1 : 1 cable to the switch/hub into the "Uplink" port.
11.4.2 ID-200 between switch/hub and switch/hub
Optical data transmission
Switch / hub
Switch / hub
1 :1 cable
1 :1 cable
Figure 11-6: ID-200 between switch/hub and switch/hub
Note
Make sure that the 1 : 1 cable and crossover cable are connected correctly.
Do not plug the 1 : 1 cable to the switch/hub into the "Uplink" port.
11.4.3 ID-200 between terminal/PLC and terminal/PLC
Optical data transmission
Terminal / PLC
Crossover cable
Terminal / PLC
Crossover cabel
Figure 11-7: ID-200 between terminal/PLC and terminal/PLC
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Ethernet
11.4.4 Assignment of the RJ45 and M12 Ethernet cables
For the Ethernet models of the ID-200, the following pin assignments apply for the
RJ45 and M12 connection cables.
11.4.4.1 RJ45 to RJ45 - 1 : 1
Signal
TD+
TDRD+
RD-
Function
Transmit Data +
Transmit Data Receive Data +
Receive Data -
Core colour
Pin RJ45
yellow
orange
white
blue
1 / TD+
2 / TD3 / RD+
6 / RD-
Core colour
Pin RJ45
yellow
orange
white
blue
1 / TD+
2 / TD3 / RD+
6 / RD-
Pin RJ45
<->
<->
<->
<->
1 / TD+
2 / TD3 / RD+
6 / RD-
11.4.4.2 RJ45 to RJ45 - "Crossover"
Signal
TD+
TDRD+
RD-
Function
Transmit Data +
Transmit Data Receive Data +
Receive Data -
Pin RJ45
<->
<->
<->
<->
3 / RD+
6 / RD1 / TD+
2 / TD-
11.4.4.3 M12 plug - D-coded with open cable end
Signal
TD+
TDRD+
RD-
Function
Transmit Data +
Transmit Data Receive Data +
Receive Data -
Core colour
Pin M12
yellow
orange
white
blue
1 / TD+
3 / TD2 / RD+
4 / RD-
Core colour
Pin M12
yellow
orange
white
blue
1 / TD+
3 / TD2 / RD+
4 / RD-
Strand
<->
<->
<->
<->
yellow
orange
white
blue
11.4.4.4 M12 plug to M12 plug - D-coded
Signal
TD+
TDRD+
RD-
Function
Transmit Data +
Transmit Data Receive Data +
Receive Data -
<->
<->
<->
<->
1 / TD+
3 / TD2 / RD+
4 / RD-
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Pin M12
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Ethernet
11.4.4.5 M12 plug, D-coded to RJ45 - 1 : 1
Signal
TD+
TDRD+
RD-
Function
Core colour
Pin M12
yellow
orange
white
blue
1 / TD+
3 / TD2 / RD+
4 / RD-
Transmit Data +
Transmit Data Receive Data +
Receive Data -
Pin RJ45
<->
<->
<->
<->
1 / TD+
2 / TD3 / RD+
6 / RD-
11.4.4.6 M12 plug, D-coded to RJ45 - "Crossover"
Signal
TD+
TDRD+
RD-
Function
Core colour
Pin M12
yellow
orange
white
blue
1 / TD+
3 / TD2 / RD+
4 / RD-
Transmit Data +
Transmit Data Receive Data +
Receive Data -
Pin RJ45
<->
<->
<->
<->
3 / RD+
6 / RD1 / TD+
2 / TD-
11.4.5 Installing cable with RJ45 connector
Figure 11-8: Installing cable with RJ45 connector
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Ethernet
11.5 LED Indicators Ethernet
In addition to the indicator and operating elements present in all device models (bar
graph, buttons, LEDs AUT, MAN, ADJ; see chapter 12.1 “Indicator and operating elements”), the Ethernet model also has the following indicators:
LED PWR:
PWR LINK Rx/Tx
off
= operating indicator
= transmitter / receiver unit switched off via
switching input IN or hardware error
= no operating voltage
LED LINK:
green
off
= LINK OK.
= no LINK present
LED Rx/Tx:
green
red
orange
= data are being received by the bus.
= data are being transmitted to the bus.
= data are simultaneously received and transmitted via the bus
= no data are being received by the bus or
transmitted to the bus
AUT
MAN
ADJ
100 FDX BUF
green
green flashing
off
LED 100:
yellow
off
= 100Base-Tx connected
= 10Base-T connected
LED FDX:
yellow
off
= full duplex (Full-Duplex)
= half duplex
LED BUF:
yellow
off
= internal buffer (Buffer) full, message rejected.
= message not rejected
Figure 11-9: Indicator/operating elements for the Ethernet model
11.6 Important notices for system integrators
CAUTION !
The notices provide initial information and describe the working principles of the optical data transceiver with Ethernet.
The notices must be read by each user before the first commissioning of the ID-200
with Ethernet.
Possible restrictions in the timing of the optical data transmission in comparison to
copper based data transmission are described here.
Using the ID-200 for Ethernet, 10Base-T or 100Base-TX with 2MBit is transmitted optically e.g. to a moving rack serving unit where it is then converted back into 10Base-T
or 100Base-TX.
The ID-200 is connected to the Ethernet via a twisted pair port with an RJ45 connector
or an M12 connector. An external switch reduces the data flow along the optical
transmission path by filtering the messages. Only messages for nodes located downstream of the optical data transmission path are actually transmitted. The data
throughput rate of the optical transmission path is max. 2 MBit/s.
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Ethernet
11.6.1 Typical bus configuration
10/100 MBit/s
Switch
TN
TN
TN
PLC
Switch
DT
2MBit/s
DT
10/100MBit/s
Moving cell 1
TN
PLC
DT
2MBit/s
DT
10/100MBit/s
Moving cell 2
Figure 11-10: Typical Ethernet bus configuration
The optical data path has a maximum data rate of 2 MBit/s in each direction of data
transmission. In the network, it must be ensured that the average data rate in each direction of transmission is less than or equal to 2 MBit/s. This is, amongst others,
achieved by the following measures.
•
Address filtering by a preceding switch: The preceding switch ensures that
only messages are transmitted that are intended for the participant on the
other end of the optical data transmission path. This leads to a significant reduction in data
•
Receiver buffer: Via the 16 kByte receiver buffer, brief peak loads can be
managed without data loss. If the receiver buffer overflows, the subsequent
messages are rejected (dropped).
•
Primary transmission protocol: The primary protocol (e.g., TCP/IP) ensures
that messages are re-sent if they are lost or have remained unacknowledged.
In addition, protocols such as TCP/IP automatically adapt to the available
bandwidth of the transmission medium.
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Ethernet
11.6.2 Timing
11.6.2.1 Sequence diagram
Assumption: the host computer wants to transmit a run command to PLC via optical
data transmission path (see Figure 11-10).
Data completely tranferred to memory
1
Start of serial transmission to main board,
data is optically transmitted
End of serial transmission
to main board
2
µC
processing
3
Data transmitted serially to main board and optically at 2 Mbit/s
4
DT Propagation time
Data is sent from
host computer
Last bit received via optics
µC Propagation time
Data in the transmit register of
Ethernet controller
Telegram transmission
completed
5
Telegram is sent
to PLC
Total delay of telegram
Figure 11-11: Typical Ethernet telegram structure
11.6.2.2 Description of time segments
Pos.
1
2
3
4
5
Description
DSP processing time
for preparing data to
be sent via optical
interface
Sending data via optical
interface
with
2 MBit/s
Delay caused by optical conversion and
light propagation time
DSP processing of
data between optics
and
writing
to
Ethernet controller
Data is sent to PLC
Time (estimated)
Remark
approx. 30 µs
Telegrams which are still
being sent or still in memory may delay further
processing.
Number of bits in telegram • 550 ns
1.2 µs
Signal is delayed by approx. 3.3 ns per metre of
optical transmission path
approx. 30 µs
Number of bits in the
telegram
• 0.1 µs at 10M Bit/s
(0.01 µs at 100 MBit/s)
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Ethernet
11.6.2.3 Signal delay
The typical delay of a message from an ID-200 to the opposing ID-200 is:
Number of bits in the telegram • (0.55 µs + TBit 1)) + 60 µs
1)
: TBit for 10Base-T = 0.10 µs, TBit for 100Base-Tx = 0.01 µs
Note
The maximum delay is dependent on various factors (bus loading, history, … ).
11.6.2.4 Examples 10Base-T Ethernet
Header
Data
1
2
3
4
5
Total
Minimum telegram
(64 Byte)
Medium telegram
(500 Byte)
Maximum telegram
(1,518 Byte)
18 Byte
46 Byte
30 µs
282 µs
Disregarded
30 µs
52 µs
394 µs
18 Byte
482 Byte
30 µs
2,200 µs
Disregarded
30 µs
400 µs
2,660 µs
18 Byte
1,500 Byte
30 µs
6,680 µs
Disregarded
30 µs
1,214 µs
7,954 µs
Minimum telegram
(64 Byte)
Medium telegram
(500 Byte)
Maximum telegram
(1,518 Byte)
18 Byte
46 Byte
30 µs
282 µs
Disregarded
30 µs
5 µs
347 µs
18 Byte
482 Byte
30 µs
2,200 µs
Disregarded
30 µs
40 µs
2,300 µs
18 Byte
1,500 Byte
30 µs
6,680 µs
Disregarded
30 µs
121 µs
6,861 µs
11.6.2.5 Examples 100Base-TX Ethernet
Header
Data
1
2
3
4
5
Total
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Commissioning / Operation (all device models)
12 Commissioning / Operation (all device models)
12.1 Indicator and operating elements
All ID-200 device models have the following indicator and operating elements:
•
•
•
Bar graph with 10 LEDs
Operating mode LEDs AUT, MAN, ADJ
Operating mode buttons
Figure 12-1: Indicator and operating elements common to all ID-200 device models
Bar graph
The bar graph displays the quality of the received signal (receiving level) at its own
(operating modes 'Automatic' and 'Manual') or opposing (operating mode 'Adjust')
ID-200 (Figure 12-2).
Good receiving level, optical data transmission active, performance reserve, output OUT WARN not
active (0 ... 2 V DC)
Receiving level in the warning range, continued errorfree data transmission, no performance reserve, output OUT WARN active (Vin – 2 V DC), peripheral
error message with INTERBUS fibre optic cable
model
Receiving level minimal, optical data transmission
separated, output OUT WARN active (Vin – 2 V DC)
Figure 12-2: Meaning of the bar graph for displaying the receiving level
Operating mode LEDs
The three green LEDs AUT, MAN and ADJ indicate the current operating mode (see
chapter 12.2 “Operating modes”), of the ID-200.
•
•
•
AUT: operating mode 'Automatic'
MAN: operating mode 'Manual'
ADJ: operating mode 'Adjust'
Operating mode buttons
With the operating mode button, you can switch between the three operating modes
'Automatic', 'Manual' and 'Adjust' (see chapter 12.2 “Operating modes”)
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Commissioning / Operation (all device models)
12.2 Operating modes
The following table provides an overview of the ID-200 operating modes.
Operating mode
Description
Optical data
transmission
Automatic, AUT
LED illuminates
Normal operation
Active
Manual, MAN
LED illuminates
Adjustment operation , cut-off threshold on higher level
Active
Adjust, ADJ
LED illuminates
Adjustment operation, cut-off threshold on higher level
Separated
Bar graph
assignment
Its own receiving
level, display of the
alignment quality of
the opposing device
Its own receiving
level, display of the
alignment quality of
the opposing device
Receiving level of the
opposing device,
display of the alignment quality of own
device
12.2.1 Changing the operating mode
AUT→MAN
MAN→ADJ
ADJ→MAN
MAN→AUT
Press the operating mode button for more than 2 seconds.
Only the device on which the button was pressed switches to the
'Manual' operating mode (MAN LED illuminates).
Press the operating mode button on one of the two devices.
Both devices switch to the 'Adjust' operating mode (both ADJ LEDs
illuminate) when both were previously in the 'Manual' operating mode.
Press the operating mode button on one of the two devices.
Both devices switch to the 'Manual' operating mode (both MAN LEDs
illuminate).
Press the operating mode button for more than 2 seconds.
Only the device on which the button was pressed switches to the
'Automatic' operating mode (AUT LED illuminates).
Note
If, while in the AUT operating mode, the operating mode button is pressed for longer
than 13 s, the device switches to a special diagnostic mode. The AUT , MAN and ADJ
LEDs illuminate simultaneously (see chapter 14.2: “Diagnostic mode”).
To switch to the 'Adjust' (ADJ) operating mode, both devices belonging to a transmission path must first be in the 'Manual' (MAN) operating mode. It is not possible to
switch directly from the 'Automatic' to the 'Adjust' operating mode or vice versa.
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Commissioning / Operation (all device models)
12.3 Initial commissioning
12.3.1 Switch on device / function check
After applying the operating voltage, the ID-200 first performs a self-test. If the self-test
is successfully completed, the PWR or UL LED illuminates continuously and the ID200 switches to the 'Automatic' operating mode. If the connection to the opposing device exists, data can be transmitted immediately.
If the PWR or UL LED flashes after switching on, there are two possible causes: either
a hardware error has occurred or the transmitter/receiver unit has switched off via the
switching input IN (chapter 5.4.1.2: “Switching input”).
If the PWR or UL LED remains dark after switching on, there is either no voltage supply present (check connections and voltage) or a hardware error has occurred.
12.3.2 Fine adjustment
If you have mounted and switched on the two ID-200s of a given optical transmission
path and they are both in the 'Automatic' operating mode, you can perform the fine adjustment of the devices relative to one another with the aid of the three alignment
screws.
Note
Note that with “alignment” the transmitter with the beam which is to be positioned as
exactly as possible on the opposing receiver is always meant.
At the maximum sensing distance, the bar graph does not show end-scale deflection
even with optimal alignment.
The ID-200 supports fast and easy fine adjustment. The optimisation of the alignment between the two devices of one transmission path can be performed by just
one person. Use the following descriptive steps as a set of numbered instructions:
1. Both devices are located close to one another (> 1 m). Ideally, the bar graphs of
both devices display maximum end-scale deflection.
2. Switch both devices to 'Manual' (MAN) by pressing the button for a relatively long
time (> 2 s). Data transmission remains active, only the internal cut-off threshold is
changed to the warning threshold (yellow LEDs).
3. While in the 'Manual' operating mode, move until data transmission of the ID-200 is
interrupted. The devices are not yet optimally aligned with one another.
4. Briefly press the button to switch both devices to the 'Adjust' operating mode
(ADJ). Data transmission remains interrupted.
5. The devices can now be individually aligned. The result of the alignment can be
read directly in the bar graph.
6. When both devices are aligned, briefly pressing the button on one of the devices is
enough to switch both back to the 'Manual' operating mode (MAN). Data transmission is again active; the vehicle can continue its path. If data transmission is interrupted again, repeat steps 3 – 6.
7. If the data transmission and the alignment are OK up to the end of the path of motion, switch both devices back to the 'Automatic' (AUT) operating mode by pressing
the button for a relatively long time (> 2 s). The optical data transceiver is now
ready for operation.
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Commissioning / Operation (all device models)
12.4 Operation
In running operation ('Automatic' operating mode) the ID-200 operates maintenancefree. Only the glass optics need to be cleaned occasionally in the event of soiling. This
can be checked by analysing the switching output OUT WARN (with the INTERBUS
fibre optic cable model, a peripheral error message is also available). If the output is
set, soiling of the ID-200's glass optics is often the cause (see chapter 13.1
“Cleaning”).
It must still be ensured that the light beam is not interrupted at any time.
CAUTION !
If, during operation of the ID-200, the light beam is interrupted or one of the two devices is switched voltage fee, the effect of the interruption on the entire network is
equivalent to the interruption of a data line!
In the event of an interruption (light beam interruption or switched voltage-free), the
ID-200 switches off the network to a non-interacting state. The system reactions in the
event of an interruption are to be defined together with the supplier of the PLC.
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Maintenance
13 Maintenance
13.1 Cleaning
The optical window of the ID-200 is to be cleaned monthly or as needed (warning output). To clean, use a soft cloth and a cleaning agent (standard glass cleaner).
CAUTION !
Do not use solvents and cleaning agents containing acetone. Use of improper cleaning agents can damage the optical window.
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Diagnostics and Troubleshooting
14 Diagnostics and Troubleshooting
14.1 Status display on the device
The LEDs on the control panel of the ID-200 provide information about possible faults
and errors. The descriptions of the states of the ID-200’s LEDs are found for
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
all models in
the model PROFIBUS / RS 485 in
the model INTERBUS 500 kBit/s / RS 422 in
the model INTERBUS 2 MBit/s fibre optic cable in
the model Data Highway + / Remote I/O in
the model DeviceNet / CANopen in
the model Ethernet in
chapter 12.1
chapter 6.4
chapter 7.3
chapter 8.3
chapter 9.3
chapter 10.4
chapter 11.5
Note
The INTERBUS 2 MBit/s fibre optic cable model of the ID-200 is an INTERBUS subscriber (Ident-Code: 0x0C = 12 dec). You can also use the diagnostic options available via the INTERBUS.
14.2 Diagnostic mode
In the diagnostic mode, the optical received signal level of the ID-200 is monitored.
This function is designed to support the diagnosis of short optical light beam interruptions as part of the bus diagnosis.
To enter the diagnostic mode, the ID-200 must be in the AUT state and the operating
mode button must be pressed for longer than 13 s. After the button is released, all 3
operating mode LEDs illuminate. If the light beam is interrupted now, the 3 operating
mode LEDs start to flash. This state is maintained until the flashing is acknowledged
by a brief press of the button. Afterwards, the 3 operating mode LEDs light-up permanently again. To exit the diagnostic mode, the button must pressed for more than 13 s.
Function-wise, the ID-200 acts during the diagnosis as if it were in AUT state. Hence,
just a normal data transmission takes place, and the thresholds for warning and
switch-off are also the same as in AUT mode.
Each ID-200 must individually be set to diagnostic mode. This is in contrast to switching from MAN to ADJ mode, where both ID-200 change to ADJ state if one side has
its button pressed.
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Diagnostics and Troubleshooting
14.3 Troubleshooting
Error
Possible causes
Check connections and
supply voltage at the device; switch back on
•
In event of defect, replace
device and send in for repair.
•
Check input IN and setting
of switch S1
•
In event of defect, replace
device and send in for repair.
no supply voltage
•
Hardware defect
•
Transmitter/receiver unit is
switched off via input IN.
•
Hardware defect.
•
Light beam interruption or no
visual connection to opposing
•
device (when opposing device is in the 'Manual' operating mode).
Misalignment of an ID-200
•
(when opposing device is in
the 'Manual' operating mode).
PWR or. UL LED flashes
ADJ LED flashes
•
•
•
Transmission error
•
•
Wiring error
•
Adjustment error (termina•
tion, baud rate, configuration)
Incorrect bus cable
•
•
•
•
Transmitter/receiver unit
deactivated
•
Receiving level too low due
to:
- Misalignment
- Soiling
- Operation with
excessively large
operating ranges
•
Influenced by parallel data
path
•
Influenced by cascading data
paths
•
Shielding not connected
•
Incorrect bus termination
•
Earth lead not connected
•
Intense, direct ambient light
Transmission error
•
•
Check light path
Realign transmission path
See error transmission
error
Check wiring
Check settings
Use specified bus cable
Check for correct wiring
and S1 setting
Set to 'Adjust' operating
mode, ADJ LED must not
flash
•
Realign (check in 'Adjust'
operating mode)
Cleaning optical window
•
Observe operating limits
•
Operate data transmission
units with alternating frequency assignments,
check parallel distances
Operate data transmission
units with alternating frequency assignments
Connect shielding correctly
Disconnect/connect terminating resistors
Connect earth lead
Remove ambient light
source
•
•
•
•
•
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•
•
PWR or UL LED does not
illuminate
Bus operation not possible
Remedy
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Accessories
15 Accessories
15.1 Contact assignment of PWR IN for voltage supply
PWR connection cable (5-pin socket, A-coded )
M12socket
(A-coded)
Pin
Name
1
Vin
2
OUT WARN
3
GND
4
IN
5
FE
Thread
FE
Figure 15-1: M12 voltage supply
1.2 PROFIBUS
Connection
PWR IN
BUS IN
BUS OUT
Manufacturer
Order no.
Series
Binder
99-0436-14-05
713
socket 5-pin.
M12 A-coded
Binder
99-1436-810-05
715
socket 5-pin.
M12 B-coded
Binder
99-1437-810-05
715
plug 5-pin.
M12 B-coded
Remark
Figure
1.2.1 Terminator plug PROFIBUS
Function
terminating resistor
Supplier
TR-Electronic
Order No.
40803-40005
Remark
terminator plug 4-pin. M12 B-coded
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Accessories
15.2 DeviceNet / CANopen
Connection
PWR IN
BUS IN
BUS OUT
Manufacturer
Order no.
Series
Binder
99-0436-14-05
713
Remark
socket 5-pol.
M12 A-coded
Binder
79-3540-15-05
763
socket 5-pol.
M12 A-coded
5m PVC-cable
Binder
79-3539-15-05
763
plug 5-pin.
M12 A-coded
5m PVC-cable
d
Figure
1.3 Ethernet
Connection
PWR IN
BUS IN/OUT
Manufacturer
Order no.
Series
Remark
Binder
99-0436-14-05
713
socket 5-pin. M12 A-coded
Binder
99-3729-810-04
825
plug 4-pin. M12 D-coded
Figure
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