User Manual V2.0 - Union College Blogging
[Type text]
[Type text]
[Type text]
3/17/2015
UNION
COLLEGE
AERO
DESIGN
TEAM
TELEMETRY SYSTEM V2.0: THE HORNET
USER MANUAL
Written by Joseph Laub | Joseph.Laub92@gmail.com
Joseph Laub
Telemetry System V2.0: Hornet User Manual
1
Contents
Parts List: ...................................................................................................................................................... 2
Test Setup: .................................................................................................................................................... 2
Figure 1: Arduino Mini Pro. ..................................................................................................................... 2
Figure 2: FDTI Jumper connected to the Arduino Mini Pro. .................................................................... 2
Figure 3: FTDI connection to Arduino Mini Pro. ..................................................................................... 2
Figure 4: Mini USB to FTDI..................................................................................................................... 3
Figure 5: Arduino Mini Pro and User Interface board. ............................................................................. 3
Figure 6: 3-Wire Jumper to Arduino Mini Pro. ........................................................................................ 3
Figure 7: 3-Wire Jumper to User Interface. .............................................................................................. 3
Figure 8: Power jumper to User Interface board....................................................................................... 4
Figure 9: I2C Bus Hub. ............................................................................................................................. 4
Figure 10: Sensors connected to I2C Bus Hub. ........................................................................................ 4
Figure 11: Battery Jumper connected to Arduino Mini Pro. ..................................................................... 4
Figure 12: 9 V Battery connected. ............................................................................................................ 4
Figure 13: Serial Port selection. ................................................................................................................ 5
Figure 14: Board selection. ....................................................................................................................... 5
Figure 15: Upload the sketch. ................................................................................................................... 5
Figure 17: Serial Monitor.......................................................................................................................... 5
Figure 18: Setting the baud rate. ............................................................................................................... 5
Figure 19: Monitor output. ........................................................................................................................ 6
Aircraft Setup:............................................................................................................................................... 6
Figure 20: Pitot-static tube in the wing section......................................................................................... 6
Appendices:................................................................................................................................................... 8
Joseph Laub
Telemetry System V2.0: Hornet User Manual
2
Parts List:
A log of photographs for each part can be seen in Appendix.
1) Arduino Mini Pro Board
2) 6-Wire Jumper
3) FDTI Port
4) USB to Mini USB
5) Computer
6) User Interface
7) 3-Wire Jumper
8) I2C Bus Hub
9) AirSpeed MicroSensor V3
10) VL6180 (Time of Flight) Sensor
11) GTPA010 (GPS) Sensor
12) MPL3115A2 (Altimeter) Sensor
13) 256 kbit EEPROM Chip
14) Battery Jumper
15) 9 V Battery
Test Setup:
For testing The Hornet telemetry system follow these steps. This setup is not meant to be installed
on an aircraft. For aircraft installation, go to page _______.
1) Begin with the
microcontroller.
Arduino
Mini
Pro
Figure 1: Arduino Mini Pro.
2) Connect the 6-Wire Jumper to the Arduino
Mini Pro’s BLK through GRN headers.
Figure 2: FDTI Jumper connected to the
Arduino Mini Pro.
3) Then connect the FTDI Port to the other
end of the 6-Wire Jumper. Make sure that
the BLK ports of the Arduino Mini Pro and
FDTI port are connected. The FTDI port
and the Arduino Mini Pro’s BLK-GRN
headers should line up one-to-one.
4) Then take the USB to Mini USB cord and
connect the mini USB to the FTDI port.
Figure 3: FTDI connection to Arduino Mini Pro.
Joseph Laub
Telemetry System V2.0: Hornet User Manual
3
Figure 4: Mini USB to FTDI.
5) The USB end of the USB to Mini USB
cord connects to any computer capable of
running the Arduino IDE software.
6) Now place the User Interface board near
the Arduino Mini Pro.
Figure 5: Arduino Mini Pro and User Interface
board.
7) Take the 3-Wire Jumper and connect it to
pins 2-4 on the Arduino Mini Pro. Note
which color wire is connected to pin 2.
Figure 6: 3-Wire Jumper to Arduino Mini Pro.
8) Take the other end of the wire and connect
it to the User Interface. Make sure that the
pin 2 color wire is connected to the header
closest to the yellow wire on the board as
seen in Figure 8.
Figure 7: 3-Wire Jumper to User Interface.
Joseph Laub
Telemetry System V2.0: Hornet User Manual
9) The power connection for the User
Interface is soldered to the Arduino Mini
Pro. It is the 2-Wire female connections
(red and black). Connect this to the User
Interface board and insure that the red wire
lines up with the small red wire on the User
Interface board.
Figure 8: Power jumper to User Interface
board.
10) Now we will set up the I2C Bus Hub which
is already connected to the Arduino
through soldered black, red, brown, and
blue connections.
Figure 9: I2C Bus Hub.
11) Each of the four sensors (parts 9-12) have
multicolored 4-wire jumpers connected to
them. Each jumper is aligned to match the
black, red, brown, and blue wires from the
Arduino Mini Pro. Connect all four sensors
such that the green wires all alright with
the black wire’s row. Seen in Figure 11. It
is important these rows to not cross as this
will ruin the system.
12) Now connect the Battery Jumper connector
to the Arduino Mini Pro’s RAW and GND
headers. Red to RAW and black to GND.
Figure 10: Sensors connected to I2C Bus Hub.
Figure 11: Battery Jumper connected to
Arduino Mini Pro.
13) Now connect a 9 V battery to the Battery
Jumper. A 9 V battery will only connect
one way.
Figure 12: 9 V Battery connected.
4
Joseph Laub
Telemetry System V2.0: Hornet User Manual
Now that the hardware portion of The Hornet system has been assembled, upload the telemetryHornet
Arduino Sketch. If you do not have the Arduino IDE software then visit this link:
http://arduino.cc/en/Main/Software.To upload this sketch follow these steps:
1) Open the telemetryHornet.ino file in the
Arduino IDE software.
2) Select the correct Serial Port for the system
that is connected to your computer. Note
that this may be different depending on the
type of computer you are using. For more
information about Serial Ports visit
http://arduino.cc/en/Guide/Windows
Figure 13: Serial Port selection.
3) Select the correct Board next. Select:
Arduino Pro or Pro Mini (3.3V, 8MHz) w/
ATmega328
Figure 14: Board selection.
4) Upload the telemetryHornet sketch by
pressing the upload button.
Figure 15: Upload the sketch.
5) Now open the Serial Monitor.
Figure 17: Serial Monitor.
6) Make sure the baud is set to 115200.
Figure 18: Setting the baud rate.
5
Joseph Laub
Telemetry System V2.0: Hornet User Manual
6
7) You should now see an output screen that
matches Figure 20.
Figure 19: Monitor output.
Enter a ‘1’ to initiate the data acquisition system. The system will take a moment zero the altitude and
then it will begin displaying data. Go to the troubleshooting section of the manual to confirm that the data
is correct or if any issues have been encountered.
Aircraft Setup:
For installing The Hornet telemetry system in an aircraft make sure the following guidelines are noted.
This installation will largely depend on the design of the aircraft but it is important to keep these
guidelines in mind when installing this system.
•
•
•
•
The airspeed sensor uses a Prandtl style pitot-static tube, pictured in Appendix J, which measures
total pressure and static pressure to find air speed. The pitot-static tube must face directly forward
to get an accurate measurement. Place the airspeed sensor inside the wing section normal to the
leading edge and away from the propeller to avoid wash. Figure 21 demonstrates this technique.
Figure 20: Pitot-static tube in the wing section.
The MPL3115A2 altimeter sensor also measures pressure to find a change in altitude. Keep this
sensor away from the wash of the propeller and from any significant heat sources such as the
battery and motor.
The VL6180 Time of Flight sensor should be mounted on the bottom of the fuselage. Make sure
that it has a clear line of sight to the ground. It uses IR and the delay of the reflection to determine
distance, therefore any objects in its path, such as the landing gear, would make it inaccurate.
The GTPA010 GPS communicates with satellites at 1575.42 MHz and is susceptible to
interference from electronic devices, the motor in particular. Mount this sensor as far away from
Joseph Laub
•
•
Telemetry System V2.0: Hornet User Manual
the motor and electrical systems as reasonably possible and keep it as high as possible. As clear
of a line of sight to the satellites as possible is also important but not entirely necessary.
The User Interface board should be easily accessible for the system to be started or stopped. The
LEDs are important indicators that allow the status of the system to be observed without a
computer.
The FDTI port must be accessible in order to read and clear the memory.
7
Joseph Laub
Telemetry System V2.0: Hornet User Manual
8
Appendices:
Appendix A: Arduino
Mini Pro.
Appendix B: 6-Wire
Jumper.
Appendix C: FDTI
Port.
Appendix D: USB
to Mini USB.
Appendix E:
Computer with USB
ports.
Appendix F: User Interface
Board.
Appendix G: 3-Wire
Jumper.
Appendix H: I2C
Bus Hub.
Appendix J: AirSpeed
MicroSensor V3.
Appendix K: VL6180.
Appendix L:
GTPA010.
Appendix M:
MPL3115A2.
Appendix N: 256 kbit
EEPROM Chip.
Appendix O: Battery
Jumper.
Appendix P: 9 V
Battery.
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising