Code Blue Adult/Pediatric

Code Blue Adult/Pediatric
POLICIES AND PROCEDURES
Title:
CODE BLUE – Adult / Pediatric
I.D. Number: 1012
Authorization:
[x] Advanced Life Support Committee
[x] SHR Nursing Practice
Source: Advanced Life Support Committee
Cross Index: Resuscitation policy 7311-60-016
Date Revised: May 2013
Date Effective: October 2006
Scope:
SASKATOON CITY HOSPITAL
ST. PAUL’S HOSPITAL
ROYAL UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL
Any PRINTED version of this document is only accurate up to the date of printing 9-Jul-13. Saskatoon Health Region (SHR cannot
guarantee the currency or accuracy of any printed policy. Always refer to the Policies and Procedures site for the most current
versions of documents in effect. SHR accepts no responsibility for use of this material by any person or organization not associated
with SHR. No part of this document may be reproduced in any form for publication without permission of SHR.
DEFINITION:
A Code Blue is the term used to alert the Code Blue team (Resuscitation team) to an area where a
person has had a cardiac/respiratory arrest.
1. PURPOSE
1.1 To ensure the immediate provision of BLS and Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) / Pediatric
Advanced Life Support (PALS ) recognized guidelines as per the Heart and Stroke Foundation by
certified SHR employees and physicians. To ensure the immediate provision of BLS and ACLS
recognized guidelines as per the Heart and Stroke Foundation by certified SHR employees and
physicians.
2. POLICY
2.1 A Code Blue will be initiated on all patients, visitors and staff suffering a cardiac/respiratory arrest.
If the arrest is unwitnessed nursing and/or medical staff may use their discretion to call a code if
the unwitnessed period is clinically assessed to be brief.
Exceptions are those patients who have an advance care directive or resuscitation care plan
directing otherwise. (See Resuscitation Policy # 7311-60-016).
 Unless specified otherwise, code calls, are assumed to be Adult.
 For individuals 17years of age less a day, call a pediatric code blue.
2.2 Should a cardiac / respiratory arrest occur in a unit and it is deemed that the appropriate
personnel and equipment are currently present to provide BLS/ACLS/PALS, a general code blue
call might not be initiated.
2.3 Staff trained in the use of the LifePak 20 Automatic External Defibrillator (AED) function, may
initiate AED use prior to the arrival of the Code Blue Team. (See Code Blue Cart – Contents and
Usage Policy # 1069, Appendix A, for LifePak 20 AED procedure).
2.4 The Emergency Medical System (EMS) will be activated for all areas in the hospital not covered
by the Code Blue team, as well as all arrests occurring outside the building. If the team is not
able to transport the Code Blue Cart to the scene, the team will provide Basic Life Support (BLS)
until EMS arrives. Refer to appendixes for site-specific information.
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Policies & Procedures: Code Blue Adult/Pediatric
I.D. Number: 1012
2.5 If assistance is required for an individual who is not in cardiac/respiratory arrest see policy # 731160-025 Responding To Unwell/Injured Individuals on Hospital. Grounds.
3. PROCEDURE
3.1 Any individual may call a code blue and certified staff will initiate BLS and AED if available, until
relieved by the Code Blue team.
3.2 The code blue team is notified by hospital switchboard.
3.3 The unit calling the code must dial 321 to alert switchboard to call a code, giving the exact
location (i.e. unit, floor, wing, building)
3.4 Switchboard will notify the Code Blue team using an overhead announcement and/or the pager
system.
3.5 The Code Blue team must ensure the area/scene is safe before proceeding with their response.
This requires rapid assessment of the location and circumstances associated with the Code Blue
call.
3.6 The Code Blue team will not respond to areas where unpredictable and variable environmental
conditions exist.
3.7 When a Code Blue is called, all members of the Code team will respond immediately. Refer to
appendices for site-specific information regarding members of the Code Blue team.
3.8 In the event of simultaneous codes or a second code occurs prior to the conclusion of a code
call, the code team will work collaboratively to ensure a prompt response.
3.9 The units where the Code Blue carts are located are only responsible for transporting the cart to
the unit where a Code Blue has been called. (see Appendices for site specific cart coverage).
3.10 Nursing staff from the unit where the Code Blue occurs should return to their unit.
3.11 Code Team members function collaboratively during the code with one person identified as the
code team leader.
3.12 Family members wishing to be present during the code should be supported with a designated
person.
3.13 The Code Blue will follow the AHA/HSFC ACLS/PALS guidelines. It is recommended all members
have current ACLS/PALS training and certification.
3.14 Unit staff will assist the Code Blue team as directed.
3.15 The individual assigned as recorder will document all treatments, medications, ECG data etc. on
the Code Blue record.
3.16 Resuscitation equipment will be immediately available for all Code Blue calls. - See policy "Code
Blue Cart Contents and Use ID#1069”.
3.17 Following a successful resuscitation of a SHR inpatient, and planned transfer to a critical care unit,
a Code Blue team nurse will remain with the patient until the transfer occurs.
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Policies & Procedures: Code Blue Adult/Pediatric
I.D. Number: 1012
3.18 Following successful codes on other than SHR registered in-patients, the patient should be
transferred to Emergency for further assessment and treatment. Exceptions to the above may
occur.
3.19 Communication between sending and receiving units must occur before any transfer occurs.
3.20 It is the responsibility of the unit where the patient is located to notify the MRP and nearest
relative / legal guardian in a timely fashion. If unable to locate them, this information must be
communicated to the receiving unit.
3.21 Following an unsuccessful code – refer to SHR policies regarding “Death Pronouncement, Care of
Body and Belongings ID#1077”.
4. REFERENCES:
2010 Handbook of Emergency Cardiovascular Care for Healthcare Providers, American Heart
Association
Highlights of the 2010 American Heart Association Guidelines for CPR and ECC
Physio-Control Lifepak® 20e Defibrillator / Monitor User Manual 2008
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Policies & Procedures: Code Blue Adult/Pediatric
I.D. Number: 1012
Appendix A
CODE BLUE COVERAGE - ST. PAUL’S HOSPITAL
1. The Code Blue Team at SPH consists of the following:
 ICU physician or designate (team leader)
 2 RN’s from ICU assigned to the Code Team
 1 Respiratory Therapist
2. Cart location & Cart coverage
Unit
Floor
* indicates cart has
pediatric supplies
Main
Emergency *
Number
of Code
Carts
One
Main
Diagnostic Imaging *
One
2
ICU (travel cart)*
One
Additional areas covered by unit cart







2
Non-invasive
cardiology (ECG)
OR*
One
One
Test Center
Ambulatory Care
Pre-Operative Unit
Main floor of C-wing(administration)
Walkway from hospital to parkade
Any non patient area within SPH not covered
by another cart.
3rd floor interstitial/mechanical space * IF
escorted by security or maintenance
personnel
Covers ICU if their cart is in use
One
3
Renal Unit
One





PACU
DSU
Endoscopy
Chronic Kidney Insufficiency Program
Peritoneal Dialysis
4
4B Surgery
One
5
5B Surgery
One
5
5th Medicine
One


5A Surgery
Palliative Care
6
6th Medicine
One
7
7th Medicine
One

PCU
2
1.
Tenants of C-Wing must call EMS at 9-911 first, then notify switchboard, who in turn notifies the ICU Outreach
team: see 1.5. Security will also be notified to direct EMS to the location.
2.
The Emergency Department will provide back-up to the ICU Code Blue Team in the event of a second Code
Blue call occurring while the original code is still in progress. The Emergency Department will send personnel to
the second Code Blue call. The ICU is responsible for notifying the Emergency Department when the original
Code Blue call is completed and they are once again available to respond to further Code Blue calls.
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Policies & Procedures: Code Blue Adult/Pediatric
I.D. Number: 1012
Appendix B
CODE BLUE COVERAGE – ROYAL UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL
1.
2.
3.
4.
Members of the Adult Code Blue team

CCU Resident (designated Code Blue Leader)

CCU nurse

ICU nurse

Respiratory therapist

Anaesthetist or designate
PICU answers all pediatric Code Blue calls within RUH regardless of location
Team consists of: PICU nurse (Charge Nurse and/or PICU Transport Nurse)
1. PICU CCA/Resident,
2. Respiratory Therapist
Pediatric code blue team will utilize the nearest code cart and bring additional supplies from PICU
The Code Blue Team does NOT transport the code cart to Ellis Hall. The Code Team will respond with BLS
and provide basic supportive measures until EMS arrives.
Areas at RUH without access to 321 should call 9-306-655-1234 to notify switchboard re: code blue
Cart location & Cart coverage
Floor
Ground
*
Unit
indicates cart has
pediatric supplies
ICU
Emergency*/ERC
PET/CT*
Hemodynamics*
CCU
Number
of Carts
Two
Five
One
Three
Two
Additional area covered by unit cart
Including pediatric code calls






OR*
Diagnostic Imaging*
Nuclear Medicine*
MRI*
Peds Outpatients*
One
One
One
One
One
3rd
PICU*
NICU*
CSSU
One
One
One
5th
5000
5300
One
One
6th
6000
6100
6200
6300
Electrodiagnostics*
Labour & Delivery*
One
One
Two
One
One
One
*
Radiation Therapy*
Procedure Room*
Chemotherapy
Call 911
One
One
One
One
Main
1955 building
Dube Center
Cancer Centre
Ellis Hall
Cafeteria
PACU
Adult code calls on pediatric units
1955 building excluding: Obstetrics, Labour Assessment
/ Triage Antepartum,, Medical Day Unit ,
Electrodiagnostics
Main floor 1978 building excluding Diagnostic Imaging
and Nuclear Medicine, MRI, Peds Out Patients
Any other non-patient areas within RUH not covered by
another cart
Pediatric codes on 3rd floor 1978 building
Day Surgery
5100, 5200
Medical Day, Heart Function
Labour Assessment / Triage Antepartum
Covers entire Dube Center
Basement level SCC
Main level SCC
2nd level SCC
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Policies & Procedures: Code Blue Adult/Pediatric
I.D. Number: 1012
Appendix C
CODE BLUE COVERAGE – SASKATOON CITY HOSPITAL
1. The Code Blue Team at SCH consists of the following:
Critical Care Associate (CCA) (team leader)
 1 RN from Emergency assigned to the Code Team on days from (0900 to 2100)
 1 RN Clinical Support Nurse on nights from (2100 to 0900)
 1 Respiratory Therapist
2. Cart location & Cart Coverage
Floor
Number of Carts
Additional areas covered by unit
cart
Level 1
Unit
indicates cart has
pediatric supplies
Electrodiagnostics
One
All Medical Imaging
Level 1
Emergency *
Three
Level 1
Women’s Health Centre
One
Level 0,1,2,4,5 and Pediatric Codes
from 0900-2100hrs
None
Level 3
3200 *
One
Level 3
Observation (SOU)
One
Level 3
OR*
One
Level 3
PACU*
One
Level 6
6300
One
Level 6 including sleep lab
Level 7
Rehab (7th East)
One
Level 7, 8
*
Level 3 from 0900-2100
Level 0,1,2, 3,4,5 and pediatric
codes from 2100-0900
Special Circumstances

If a Code Blue is called after hours on the 8th floor, Ambulatory Care, 4100, 4200 and 1300 (Women’s Health) a
Security or Maintenance personnel will be requested.

Post Anesthetic Care Unit (PACU)
In the event of a code blue/outreach the first to be notified will be anesthesia. If anesthesia can not return to the
unit then the PACU team will push the code blue button and call 321. On evenings and weekends the PACU
team will activate the code blue button and call 321.

Operating Room
The Operating Room (OR) will push the Code Blue button if they require the team’s assistance.
The Code Blue Team will enter the OR through the main doors located directly off of the staff elevators.
Blue coveralls and hat are located at front desk and are to be worn prior to entering the OR.
The Team will proceed through the patient holding area to the desired OR theatre. On Evenings
and weekends on call surgeries are mostly performed in Theatre 1 located beside PACU.
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