BBA Cert - Xtratherm

BBA Cert - Xtratherm
Xtratherm UK Ltd
APPROVAL
INSPECTION
TESTING
CERTIFICATION
Park Road
Holmewood Industrial Park
Holmewood
Chesterfield
Derbyshire S42 5UY
Tel: 0371 222 1033 Fax: 0371 222 1044
TECHNICAL APPROVALS FOR CONSTRUCTION
Agrément Certificate
11/4878
e-mail: [email protected]
website: www.xtratherm.com
Product Sheet 3
XTRATHERM THIN-R INSULATION
XTRATHERM THIN-R FLAT ROOF INSULATION BOARD (XT/FR-MG)
PRODUCT SCOPE AND SUMMARY OF CERTIFICATE
This Certificate relates to Xtratherm Thin-R Flat Roof Insulation
Board (XT/FR-MG), a rigid thermoset polyisocyanurate
mineral coated glassfibre faced insulation board for use as
a thermal insulation layer and to create or improve falls on
limited access concrete, metal or timber flat roof decks. It is
for use in conjunction with a vapour control layer and
adhesively bonded or mechanically fixed roof waterproofing
membranes in domestic and non-domestic buildings.
AGRÉMENT CERTIFICATION INCLUDES:
• factors relating to compliance with Building Regulations
where applicable
• factors relating to additional non-regulatory information
where applicable
• independently verified technical specification
• assessment criteria and technical investigations
• design considerations
• installation guidance
• regular surveillance of production
• formal three-yearly review.
KEY FACTORS ASSESSED
Thermal performance — the product has declared thermal conductivities (λ90/90 value) ranging from 0.024 W·m–1·K–1 to
0.027 W·m–1·K–1 depending on thickness (see section 5).
Condensation risk — the product can contribute to limiting the risk of surface condensation (see section 6).
Strength and stability — when installed on suitable substrates using appropriate adhesive and/or mechanical fixing
methods, the product can adequately transfer maintenance traffic loads and wind loads to the roof deck (see section 7).
Behaviour in relation to fire — the overall fire rating of any roof containing the product will depend on the type of deck and
the nature of the roof waterproof covering (see section 8).
Durability — the product, when used as thermal insulation in the roof system described in this Certificate, will have a life at
least as long as that of a roof waterproofing covering (see section 10).
The BBA has awarded this Agrément Certificate to the company named above for the product described herein.
This product has been assessed by the BBA as being fit for its intended use provided it is installed, used and
maintained as set out in this Certificate.
On behalf of the British Board of Agrément
Date of First issue: 15 November 2011
Sean Moriarty
Greg Cooper
Head of Approvals — Physics
Chief Executive
The BBA is a UKAS accredited certification body — Number 113. The schedule of the current scope of accreditation for product certification is
available in pdf format via the UKAS link on the BBA website at www.bbacerts.co.uk
Readers are advised to check the validity and latest issue number of this Agrément Certificate by either referring to the BBA website or contacting the BBA direct.
British Board of Agrément
Bucknalls Lane
Garston, Watford
Herts WD25 9BA
©2011
Page 1 of 12
tel: 01923 665300
fax: 01923 665301
e-mail: [email protected]
website: www.bbacerts.co.uk
Regulations
In the opinion of the BBA, Xtratherm Thin-R Flat Roof Insulation Board (XT/FR-MG), if used in accordance with the
provisions of this Certificate, will meet or contribute to meeting the relevant requirements of the following Building
Regulations:
The Building Regulations 2010 (England and Wales)
Requirement: A1
Loading
Comment:
Requirement: B4(2)
External fire spread
Comment:
Requirement: C2(c)
Resistance to moisture
Comment:
Requirement: L1(a)(i)
Conservation of fuel and power
The product is acceptable. See section 7.1 of this Certificate.
Roofs incorporating the product can meet this Requirement. See section 8.2 of this Certificate.
The product will contribute to a roof meeting this Requirement. See sections 6.1 and 6.4 of this Certificate.
Comment:
The product can meet or contribute to a roof meeting this Requirement. See sections 5.2 and 5.3 of
this Certificate.
Requirement: Regulation 7
Materials and workmanship
Comment:
The product is an acceptable material. See section 10 and the Installation part of this Certificate.
The Building (Scotland) Regulations 2004 (as amended)
Regulation:
8(1)
Regulation:
Standard:
9
1.1
2.8
3.15
6.1(b)
6.2
7(a)(b)
Statement of sustainability
The product can contribute to meeting the relevant Requirements of Regulation 9, Standards 1 to 6
and therefore will contribute to a construction meeting a bronze level of sustainability as defined in this
Standard. In addition the product can contribute to a construction meeting a higher level of sustainability
as defined in this Standard, with reference to clauses 7.1.4(2) Aspect 1(2), 7.1.6(2) Aspect 1(2) and 7.1.7(2)
Aspect 1(2). See section 5.2 of this Certificate.
Comment:
Regulation:
Carbon dioxide emissions
Building insulation envelope
The product can contribute to satisfying the requirements of these Standards, with reference to clauses, or
parts of 6.1.2(2), 6.1.6(1), 6.2.1(1)(2), 6.2.3(1), 6.2.4(2), 6.2.5(2), 6.2.6(1), 6.2.7(1), 6.2.8(1)(2), 6.2.9(1)(2),
6.2.10(1)(2), 6.2.11(1)(2), 6.2.12(2) and 6.2.13(1)(2). See sections 5.2 and 5.3 of this Certificate.
Comment:
Standard:
Condensation
The product will contribute to a roof meeting this Standard, with reference to clauses 3.15.1(1)(2), 3.15.3(1)(2),
3.15.4(1)(2), 3.15.5(1)(2) and 3.15.6(1)(2). See sections 6.1 and 6.5 of this Certificate.
Comment:
Standard:
Standard:
Spread from neighbouring buildings
Roofs incorporating the product can meet this Standard, with reference to clauses 2.8.1(1)(2). See section
8.2 of this Certificate.
Comment:
Standard:
Building Standards — construction
Structure
The product is acceptable, with reference to clauses 1.1.1(1)(2), 1.1.2(1)(2) and 1.1.3(1)(2). See section 7.1
of this Certificate.
Comment:
Standard:
Fitness and durability of materials and workmanship
The product can contribute to a construction satisfying this Regulation. See section 10 and the Installation
part of this Certificate.
Comment:
12
Building standards — conversions
Comments made in relation to the product under Regulation 9 Standards 1 to 6 also apply to this
Regulation, with reference to clause 0.12.1(1)(2) and Schedule 6(1)(2).
Comment:
(1) Technical Handbook (Domestic).
(2) Technical Handbook (Non-Domestic).
The Building Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2000 (as amended)
Regulation:
B2
Fitness of materials and workmanship
Comment:
Regulation:
C5
Condensation
Comment:
Regulation:
D1
Stability
Comment:
Regulation:
E5(b)
External fire spread
Comment:
Regulation:
Regulation:
F2(a)(i)
F3(2)
Conservation measures
Target carbon dioxide Emissions Rate
Comment:
The product is acceptable. See section 10 and the Installation section of this Certificate.
The product will contribute to a roof meeting this Regulation. See section 6.1 of this Certificate.
The product is acceptable. See section 7.1 of this Certificate.
Roofs incorporating the product can meet this Regulation. See section 8.2 of this Certificate.
Roofs incorporating the product can satisfy or contribute to satisfying this Regulation. See sections 5.2 and
5.3 of this Certificate.
Page 2 of 12
Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2007
Construction (Design and Management) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2007
Information in this Certificate may assist the client, CDM co-ordinator, designer and contractors to address their
obligations under these Regulations.
See section:
2 Delivery and site handling (2.3) of this Certificate.
Additional Information
NHBC Standards 2011
NHBC accepts the use of Xtratherm Thin-R Flat Roof Insulation Board (XT/FR-MG), when installed and used in
accordance with this Certificate, in relation to NHBC Standards, Chapter 7.1 Flat roofs and balconies.
Technical Specification
1 Description
1.1 Xtratherm Thin-R Flat Roof Insulation Board (XT/FR-MG) is a rigid thermoset polyisocyanurate insulation board
manufactured using CFC/HCFC free materials, incorporating mineral coated glassfibre facings on both sides.
1.2 The product has the nominal characteristics of:
Length and width (mm)
1200 x 600, 1200 x 1200 and 2400 x 1200
Thickness (mm)
50 — 165 (in 5 mm increments)
Compressive strength at 10% compression (kPa)
150
Density (kg·m–3)
30
Edge profile
Square, rebated
1.3 The product is also available in a tapered version for falls of 1:120, 1:80 and 1:60 (1200 mm by 1200 mm).
1.4 Quality control checks are carried out during the manufacturing process and on the finished product.
1.5 Ancillary items used with the product are:
• waterproofing membrane
• vapour control layer (VCL)
• fixings — incorporating countersunk washer.
2 Delivery and site handling
2.1 The product is delivered to site shrink-wrapped in polythene packs containing a label with the product description
and characteristics, the manufacturer’s name, and the BBA identification mark incorporating the number of this Certificate.
2.2 It is essential that the product is stored such that it is raised off the ground, is inside or under cover on a flat, dry,
level surface in a well-ventilated area. The product must be protected from rain, snow and prolonged exposure to
sunlight. Boards that have been allowed to get wet should not be used. Damaged boards must not be used. Nothing
should be stored on top of boards.
2.3 The product must not be exposed to a naked flame or other ignition sources. The product must not be exposed to
solvents or other chemicals.
Assessment and Technical Investigations
The following is a summary of the assessment and technical investigations carried out on Xtratherm Thin-R Flat Roof
Insulation Board (XT/FR-MG).
Design Considerations
3 General
3.1 Xtratherm Thin-R Flat Roof Insulation Board (XT/FR-MG) is suitable for use as a thermal insulation layer on concrete,
metal or timber flat roofs, with access limited to maintenance only.
3.2 Decks should be designed in accordance with the relevant clauses of either BS 6229 : 2003 or BS 8217 :
2005 and, where appropriate, the NHBC Standards 2011, Chapter 7.1, Section 4.
3.3 Roofs should incorporate an effective VCL below the boards.
Page 3 of 12
3.4 The product is for use with one of the following waterproofing specifications:
• built-up bitumen felt to BS 8747 : 2007 laid in accordance with BS 8217 : 2005
• other bitumen waterproofing systems which are the subject of a current Agrément Certificate, laid in accordance
with, and within the limitations imposed by that Certificate
• adhesively or mechanically fixed single-ply waterproofing membranes, such as PVC, CSM, CPE, FPO (including
TPO), EVA, PIB and EPDM, which are the subject of a current Agrément Certificate, laid in accordance with, and
within, the limitations imposed by that Certificate
• mastic asphalt laid in accordance with BS 8218 : 1998.
3.5 Limited access roofs are defined for the purpose of this Certificate as those roofs subject only to pedestrian traffic
for maintenance of the roof covering and cleaning of gutters, etc (see also section 7.11).
3.6 Flat roofs are defined for the purpose of this Certificate as those roofs having a minimum finished fall of 1:80 and
a maximum 1:6 as defined in BS 6229 : 2003.
3.7 For design purposes on flat roofs, twice the minimum finished fall should be assumed, unless a detailed analysis of
the roof is available, including overall and local deflections, direction of falls etc.
3.8 Tapered boards may be used where appropriate to achieve the minimum finished falls required.
4 Practicability of installation
The product is designed to be installed by a competent general builder, or a contractor, experienced with this type of
product.
5 Thermal performance
5.1 Calculations of thermal transmittance (U value), should be carried out in accordance with BS EN ISO 6946 :
2007 and BRE Report (BR 443 : 2006) Conventions for U-value calculations, using the declared thermal conductivity
(λ90/90 value) given in Table 1.
Table 1 Thermal conductivity (λ90/90 values)
Insulation thickness
(mm)
Thermal conductivity
(W·m–1·K–1)
<80
0.027
80 to 120
0.025
>120
0.024
5.2 The U value of a completed roof will depend on the thickness of insulation used, the number and type of
fixings and the insulating value of other roof components/layers. Example U values of roofs incorporating the
product are shown in Tables 2 to 4.
Table 2 Example U values for a fully adhered system
Insulation thickness(1)
(mm)
U value
(W·m–2·K–1)
Concrete (2)
Timber (3)
Metal(4)
150
145
125
120
95
145
135
125
110
90
155
145
130
120
95
0.15
0.16
0.18
0.20
0.25
(1) Nearest available thickness.
(2) 150 mm concrete decking 1.33 W·m–1·K–1, VCL, 1.5 mm waterproofing membrane.
(3) 12.5 mm plasterboard, 150 mm timber joists (12.5%)/air cavity (87.5%), 18 mm plywood
decking, VCL, 1.5 mm waterproofing membrane.
(4) Metal deck (not included in calculation), VCL, 1.5 mm waterproofing membrane.
Page 4 of 12
Table 3 Example U values for constructions with stainless steel fixings
Insulation thickness(1)
(mm)
U value
(W·m–2·K–1)
Concrete (2)(3)
Timber (2)(4)
Metal(2)(5)
165
155
140
125
105
155
145
130
120
95
–
160
140
125
105
0.15
0.16
0.18
0.20
0.25
(1) Nearest available thickness.
(2) Includes 5.55 stainless steel insulation fixings per m2, with a 3.55 stainless steel
waterproofing fixings per m2, with a 4.8 mm cross sectional diameter.
(3) 150 mm concrete decking 1.33 W·m–1·K–1, VCL, 1.5 mm waterproofing membrane.
(4) 12.5 mm plasterboard, 150 mm timber joists (12.5%)/air cavity (87.5%), 18 mm plywood
decking, VCL, 1.5 mm waterproofing membrane.
(5) Metal deck (not included in calculation), VCL, 1.5 mm waterproofing membrane.
Table 4 Example U values for constructions with galvanized steel fixings
Insulation thickness(1)
(mm)
U value
(W·m–2·K–1)
Concrete (2)(3)
Timber (2)(4)
Metal(2)(5)
160
145
120
145
130
95
165
145
110
0.18
0.20
0.25
(1) Nearest available thickness.
(2) Includes 5.55 galvanized steel insulation fixings per m2 and 3.55 galvanised steel
waterproofing fixings per m2, with a 4.8 mm cross sectional diameter.
(3) 150 mm concrete decking 1.33 W·m–1·K–1, VCL, 1.5 mm waterproofing membrane.
(4) 12.5 mm plasterboard, 150 mm timber joists (12.5%)/air cavity (87.5%), 18 mm plywood
decking, VCL, 1.5 mm waterproofing membrane.
(5) Metal deck (not included in calculation), VCL, 1.5 mm waterproofing membrane.
5.3 The product can contribute to maintaining continuity of thermal insulation at junctions between elements and
openings. For Accredited Construction Details the corresponding psi values in BRE Information Paper IP1/06 Assessing
the effects of thermal bridging at junctions and around openings, Table 3 may be used in carbon emission calculations
in Scotland and Northern Ireland. Detailed guidance for other junctions and on limiting heat loss by air infiltration can
be found in:
England and Wales — Approved Documents to Part L and for new thermal elements to existing buildings, Accredited
Construction Details (version 1.0). See also SAP 2009 Appendix K and the iSBEM User Manual for new-build
Scotland — Accredited Construction Details (Scotland)
Northern Ireland — Accredited Construction Details (version 1.0).
6 Condensation risk
Interstitial condensation
6.1 Roofs will adequately limit the risk of interstitial condensation when they are designed and constructed in
accordance with BS 5250 : 2002, Section 8.4 and Appendix D and BRE Report (BR 262 : 2002) Thermal
insulation: avoiding risks in England and Wales.
6.2 For the purposes of assessing the risk of interstitial condensation, the insulation core vapour resistivity may be taken
as approximately 344 MN·s·g–1·m–1.
6.3 To minimise moisture entering the roof an effective VCL such as 0.25 mm minimum thickness polyethylene should be
used with sealed and lapped joints and be turned up around the insulation and bonded to the weatherproofing finish.
Surface condensation
6.4 Roofs will adequately limit the risk of surface condensation when the thermal transmittance (U value) does
not exceed 0.35 W·m–2·K–1 at any point and the junctions with other elements are designed in accordance with
section 5.3.
6.5 Roofs will adequately limit the risk of surface condensation when the thermal transmittance (U value) does
not exceed 1.2 Wm–2·K–1 at any point. Guidance may be obtained from BS 5250 : 2002, Section 8 and BRE
Report (BR 262 : 2002).
Page 5 of 12
7 Strength and stability
7.1 When installed on suitable flat roof decks, using appropriate fixings and/or adhesive, the product can
adequately transfer maintenance traffic loads and negative and positive (suction and pressure) wind loads to the
roof deck.
7.2 The roof construction or immediate substrate to which the product is fixed must be structurally sound and have
sufficient strength and stability, to resist all dead, imposed and wind loads. It must also have adequate resistance to the
pull-out forces created by the wind forces acting on the specified fixings used.
7.3 The suitability of the roof construction, and in particular the immediate substrate, to accept the adhesive bond
and mechanical fixing must be checked before installation. Mechanical fixings must be checked before installation by
carrying out in-situ pull-out or pull-through testing to determine the minimum safe working load the fixings can resist. The
advice of the Certificate holder should also be sought in respect of suitable mechanical fixings.
7.4 The type and number of fixings will depend on the roof construction and location; the Certificate holder’s advice
should be sought in this respect. The Certificate holder recommends a minimum number of fixings per board size, see
section 12.15.
7.5 All design analysis must be in accordance with British or European Standards relevant to the construction. The
requirement for fixings to suit the wind uplift requirements for the particular site should be assessed in accordance with
BS 6399-2 : 1997 or BS EN 1991-1-4 : 2005. All calculations should be approved by a competent person.
7.6 Each fixing must incorporate a head or washer which is a minimum of 75 mm diameter if round or 75 mm by 75 mm
if square. Fixings installed along the edges or at corners of the product should be installed between 50 mm to 150 mm
from the board edge (210 mm for tapered boards).
7.7 For adhesive application of the insulation product, the substrate must be free of dust, dry and installation should
be in accordance with the instructions of the adhesive manufacturer. The surface of the substrate must have sufficient
cohesive strength to resist the calculated wind load acting upon the structure.
7.8 When adhering is the chosen method for the insulation or waterproofing, adhesion between the insulation
product and VCL and between the product and overlay must be adequate to resist the effects of wind suction and
thermal cycling likely to be experienced under normal conditions. In areas where high wind speeds can be expected,
additional mechanical fixings should be considered and the advice of a suitably qualified Engineer should be sought
as to the method of fixing as defined in the relevant clauses of BS 6399-2 : 1997 and BS EN 1991-1-4 : 2005.
7.9 Roof waterproof covering systems (see section 3.4 for suitable types) must be applied in accordance with the
relevant Agrément Certificates or manufacturers guidance.
7.10 For design purposes, the product may be assumed to have an allowable compressive strength of 150 kPa at
10% compression.
7.11 The product has not been assessed for use with permanent distributed or concentrated loads, such as
air conditioning units, mechanical plants, water tanks, etc. Such loads should be supported directly on the roof
construction. The product is not suitable when permanent roof access is required.
7.12 When profiled decking is used, the product will need to span across the ribs. Maximum permissible spans
between ribs for the product thicknesses are shown in Table 5.
Table 5 Maximum clear span
Maximum clear span
(mm)
< 75
> 75
> 100
> 125
> 150
> 175
> 200
> 225







Minimum roofboard
thickness
(mm)
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
100
125
150
175
200
225
250
7.13 When maintenance is required to the roof waterproofing, protective boarding should be laid over the roof
surface to avoid concentrations of load.
8 Behaviour in relation to fire
8.1 The fire rating of any roof containing the product will depend on the type of deck and the nature of the roof
waterproof covering.
8.2 When tested in accordance with BS 476-3 : 2004, a system comprising 0.7 mm thick profiled metal
deck, a layer of a polythene VCL, a 100 mm thick board and one layer of 1.2 mm ethylene vinyl acetate
(EVA)/poly vinyl chloride (PVC) alloy membrane (Evalon V) adhered, achieved an EXT.F.AC rating (Low
vulnerability in Scotland) rating and is acceptable less than 6 m from a relevant boundary.
Page 6 of 12
8.3 The designation of the roof covering must meet or satisfy the requirements of the national Building Regulations, thus:
England and Wales — Approved Document B, sections 10 and 14 of volumes 1 and 2 respectively. Notional
designations of some common roof coverings are given in Appendix A, Table A5, of the Approved Document B
volumes 1 and 2
Scotland — Mandatory Standards 2.8, clause 2.8.1(1)(2)
(1) Technical Handbook (Domestic).
(2) Technical Handbook (Non-Domestic).
Northern Ireland — Technical Booklet E, section 4. If, on flat roofs, the waterproof covering is protected by one of the
surface finishes defined in Table 4.6 of Technical Booklet E, the roof is deemed to be of designation AA.
8.4 The designation of other specifications, eg when used on combustible substrates, should be confirmed by:
England and Wales — test or assessment in accordance with Clause 6 of Appendix A of Approved Document B
volumes 1 and 2
Scotland — test to conform to clauses 2.C(1) and 2.F(2)
(1) Technical Handbook (Domestic).
(2) Technical Handbook (Non-Domestic).
Northern Ireland — test or assessment by a UKAS accredited laboratory, or an independent consultant with
appropriate experience.
9 Maintenance
The product, once installed does not require any regular maintenance and has suitable durability provided that the roof
waterproof layers are inspected and maintained at regular intervals (see section 10), therefore, maintenance is not required.
10 Durability
The product is rot-resistant and durable, and will have a life at least as long as that of the roof waterproof
covering.
Installation
11 General
11.1 Xtratherm Thin-R Flat Roof Insulation Board (XT/FR-MG) must be installed in accordance with the Certificate
holder’s instructions and BS 6229 : 2003, BS 8217 : 2005, or the relevant Agrément Certificate, depending on the
waterproofing to be applied.
11.2 Care should be taken to ensure the deck is graded to the correct fall, is dry, clean and free from any projections
or gaps.
11.3 If the product is tapered and it is to be effective in providing a uniform fall, it is essential that the structural deck is
true and even. Any hollows, depressions, backfalls, found in the roof deck, eg must be rectified prior to laying the insulation.
11.4 For both mechanically and adhesively fixed systems, the suitability of the substrate deck to accept an adhesive
bond or mechanical fixing must be checked prior to the work commencing.
11.5 The deck to which the VCL is to be applied must be level, dry, sound, and if bonded, free from dust and grease
and other defects which may impair the bond. For adhered systems, all deck joints should be taped and, where
necessary, the deck coated with bitumen primer to BS 3416 : 1991.
11.6 On multi-storey buildings or in areas subject to high wind loads, additional mechanical fixings may be required
and the advice of the Certificate holder should be sought on any limitations of use.
11.7 The mechanical fixing frequency and pattern should be predetermined in accordance with the Certificate
holder’s instructions and the relevant clauses of BS 6399-2 : 1997 or BS EN 1991-1-4 : 2005. Each fixing should
incorporate a minimum of 75 mm diameter circular plate countersunk washer or a 75 mm by 75 mm square washer,
which must not restrain more than one board.
11.8 To prevent moisture being trapped on, or in the insulation it is essential to:
• protect the product during laying, before the application of the roof waterproofing, or to lay the roof covering at the
same time as laying the product. However if the product is accidentally wetted, it must not be used
• boards should be installed only when the ambient temperature is above 5ºC to prevent condensation.
11.9 The product can be cut with a sharp knife or fine-toothed saw to fit around projections through the roof.
11.10 The product is for use with the waterproofing membranes specified in section 3.4 that are laid in accordance
with the relevant British Standard or subject of a current Agrément Certificate laid in accordance with, and within, the
limitations imposed by that Certificate.
11.11 Once installed, access to the roof should be restricted in accordance with section 3.5.
Page 7 of 12
12 Procedure
General
12.1 The number of mechanical fixings required to fix the product will vary depending on the geographical location
of the building, the topographical data, and height and width of the roof concerned etc.
12.2 The requirements for an additional number of fixings above those specified in section 12.14 should be assessed
in accordance with BS 6399-2: 1997 or BS EN 1991-1-4 : 2005.
Timber decks (eg tongue-and-groove boards, plywood)
12.3 A VCL is nailed to the deck, in accordance with BS 8217 : 2005. Laps of 150 mm are sealed using the
appropriate grade of bitumen, a polyurethane adhesive or a suitable solvent based adhesive in accordance with
BS 8217 : 2005.
12.4 The VCL should be turned up around the insulation and sealed to the waterproof finish at all edges and
penetrations such as roof lights. Advice may be sought from the Certificate holder.
12.5 Hot bitumen adhesive or a polyurethane adhesive or a suitable solvent-based adhesive is applied over the VCL
and the roofing boards are fully embedded into it, in a brick bonded pattern.
12.6 When using non-bituminous waterproofing systems or adhesives, all board joints and edges should be sealed
with 50 mm wide aluminium foil adhesive tape, prior to the application of the adhesive system and roof waterproofing
membrane.
Concrete decks
12.7 Before applying the VCL, an appropriate levelling screed should be applied where necessary and, if adhering
the VCL and insulation boards, the whole deck treated with a suitable primer. The advice of the Certificate holder
should also be sought in respect of a suitable primer.
12.8 For adhered systems, the VCL is fully bonded with hot bitumen, a polyurethane adhesive or a suitable solvent
based adhesive and the laps sealed, and the boards applied in the manner described for timber decks (see section
12.4 to 12.6).
Metal decks
12.9 If adhering the VCL and insulation product, the deck should be prepared and treated with a suitable primer
before applying the VCL. The advice of the Certificate holder should also be sought in respect of a suitable primer.
12.10 For adhered systems a reinforced VCL is fully bonded, using a polyurethane adhesive or a suitable solventbased adhesive, to the metal deck and the product is applied in the manner described for timber decks (see section
12.4 to 12.6).
12.11 The product is laid with the long edges at right angles to the ribs and all board ends must be fully supported
on a rib.
12.12 The thickness of the roof board used depends on the width of the rib openings of the metal deck as indicated
in Table 6, section 7.12.
Mechanical fixings
12.13 Alternatively, this product can be secured to concrete, timber and metal decks by means of mechanical fixings.
12.14 A 0.25 mm thick polythene VCL should be laid, with 150 mm sealed laps. The VCL should be turned up
around the insulation and sealed to the waterproof finish at all edges and penetrations such as roof lights. Advice
should be sought from the Certificate holder.
12.15 The product is laid over the VCL in a brick bonded pattern. On profiled metal decks, the product is secured to
the deck with a minimum of four or six or eleven mechanical fixings placed within the individual board area (1200 mm
by 600 mm), (1200 mm by 1200 mm) and (2400 mm by 1200 mm) respectively, sited between 50 mm and 150 mm
from all edges (see Figures 1 to 3). A minimum of six fixings per 1200 mm by 1200 mm tapered boards are
recommended, sited 210 mm from all edges (see Figure 4). Countersunk washers with circular plates of at least 75 mm
diameter or 75 mm by 75 mm square should be used with each fixing. The requirement of additional fixings assessed
in accordance with BS 6399-2 : 1997 or BS EN 1991-1-4 : 2005.
Page 8 of 12
Figure 1 Fixing layout 1200 mm by 600 mm board — minimum fixing numbers
50 - 150
50 - 150
All dimensions in mm
Figure 2 Fixing layout 1200 mm by 1200 mm board — minimum fixing numbers
50 - 150
50 - 150
600
400
All dimensions in mm
Page 9 of 12
Figure 3 Fixing layout 2400 mm by 1200 mm board — minimum fixing numbers
50 - 150
50 - 150
600
400
All dimensions in mm
Figure 4 Fixing layout 1200 mm by 1200 mm tapered board — minimum fixing numbers
210
210
600
400
All dimensions in mm
Page 10 of 12
Weatherproofing (all systems)
12.16 The waterproofing system should be applied above the insulation product in accordance with section 3.4.
Technical Investigations
13 Tests
Tests were carried out by the BBA on Xtratherm Thin-R Flat Roof Insulation Board (XT/FR-MG) and the results assessed to
determine:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
behaviour under variations in temperature (unrestrained)
behaviour under distributed load and increased temperature
effect of concentrated load on cantilevered parts
bowing under the effect of a thermal gradient
behaviour on exposure to moisture
tensile strength perpendicular to faces
wind uplift
density
compressive strength
dimensional stability under specified temperature and humidity conditions.
14 Investigations
14.1 An assessment was made of the results of test data relating to:
• dimensional stability with temperature
• effect of concentrated load under a free span
• fire rating
• thermal conductivity (fresh and aged).
14.2 An assessment of the risk of interstitial condensation was made.
14.3 An assessment was made of typical constructions which achieve the design U values.
Bibliography
BS 476-3 : 2004 Fire tests on building materials and structures — Classification and method of test for external fire
exposure to roofs
BS 3416 : 1991 Specification for bitumen based coatings for cold application, suitable for use in contact with
potable water
BS 5250 : 2002 Code of practice for control of condensation in buildings
BS 6229 : 2003 Flat roofs with continuously supported coverings — Code of practice
BS 6399-2 : 1997 Loading for buildings — Code of practice for wind loads
BS 8217 : 2005 Reinforced bitumen membranes for roofing — Code of practice
BS 8218 : 1998 Code of practice for mastic asphalt roofing
BS 8747 : 2007 Reinforced bitumen membranes (RBMs) for roofing — Guide to selection and specification
BS EN 1991-1-4 : 2005 Eurocode 1 : Actions on structures — General actions — Wind actions
BS EN ISO 6946 : 2007 Building components and building elements — Thermal resistance and thermal transmittance
— Calculation method
Page 11 of 12
Conditions of Certification
15 Conditions
15.1 This Certificate:
• relates only to the product/system that is named and described on the front page
• is issued only to the company, firm, organisation or person named on the front page — no other company, firm,
organisation or person may hold or claim that this Certificate has been issued to them
• is valid only within the UK
• has to be read, considered and used as a whole document — it may be misleading and will be incomplete to be
selective
• is copyright of the BBA
• is subject to English Law.
15.2 Publications, documents, specifications, legislation, regulations, standards and the like referenced in this Certificate
are those that were current and/or deemed relevant by the BBA at the date of issue or reissue of this Certificate.
15.3 This Certificate will remain valid for an unlimited period provided that the product/system and its manufacture
and/or fabrication, including all related and relevant parts and processes thereof:
• are maintained at or above the levels which have been assessed and found to be satisfactory by the BBA
• continue to be checked as and when deemed appropriate by the BBA under arrangements that it will determine
• are reviewed by the BBA as and when it considers appropriate.
15.4 The BBA has used due skill, care and diligence in preparing this Certificate, but no warranty is provided.
15.5 In issuing this Certificate, the BBA is not responsible and is excluded from any liability to any company, firm,
organisation or person, for any matters arising directly or indirectly from:
• the presence or absence of any patent, intellectual property or similar rights subsisting in the product/system or any
other product/system
• the right of the Certificate holder to manufacture, supply, install, maintain or market the product/system
• individual installations of the product/system, including their nature, design, methods, performance, workmanship
and maintenance
• any works and constructions in which the product/system is installed, including their nature, design, methods,
performance, workmanship and maintenance
• any loss or damage, including personal injury, howsoever caused by the product/system, including its manufacture,
supply, installation, use, maintenance and removal
• any claims by the manufacturer relating to CE marking.
15.6 Any information relating to the manufacture, supply, installation, use, maintenance and removal of this product/
system which is contained or referred to in this Certificate is the minimum required to be met when the product/system
is manufactured, supplied, installed, used, maintained and removed. It does not purport in any way to restate the
requirements of the Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974, or of any other statutory, common law or other duty
which may exist at the date of issue or reissue of this Certificate; nor is conformity with such information to be taken as
satisfying the requirements of the 1974 Act or of any statutory, common law or other duty of care.
British Board of Agrément
Bucknalls Lane
Garston, Watford
Herts WD25 9BA
©2011
Page 12 of 12
tel: 01923 665300
fax: 01923 665301
e-mail: [email protected]
website: www.bbacerts.co.uk
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