His Tag ELISA Detection Kit

His Tag ELISA Detection Kit
 His Tag ELISA Detection Kit Technical Manual No. TM0635 Version 08292012 Product Name His Tag ELISA Detection Kit Cat.No
L00436
Size
1 plate (8 wells x 12 strips)
The product is used for rapid and high throughput detection of His‐tagged proteins. The operator should read technical manual carefully before using this product. For research use only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Contents I. Description ................................................................................................................................... 2 II. Key Features ................................................................................................................................ 3 III. Kit Content ................................................................................................................................... 3 IV. Storage ......................................................................................................................................... 3 V. Reagents/Equipments Required But Not Supplied ..................................................................... 3 VI. Instruction for Use ....................................................................................................................... 4 1. Sample Preparation ............................................................................................................... 4 2. Reagent Preparation .............................................................................................................. 4 3. His‐Tag Plate Preparation ...................................................................................................... 4 4. Test Procedure ....................................................................................................................... 5 His‐Tagged Protein/Anti‐His Monoclonal Antibody Incubation .......................................... 5 Antibody Tracer Incubation ................................................................................................. 5 Substrate Reaction and Absorbance Measurement ........................................................... 5 VII. Assay Procedure Summary .......................................................................................................... 6 VIII. Typical Assay Data ....................................................................................................................... 7 IX. Reagent Compatibility ................................................................................................................. 7 X. Troubleshooting ........................................................................................................................... 8 XI. Related Products .......................................................................................................................... 8 XII. Plate Layout ............................................................................................................................... 10 1 I.
Description His tag is successive histidine (H) residues and there are mainly three forms: HHHHHH (6 x His), HHHHH (5 x His), HHHH (4 x His). Due to its small size, less interfere in protein folding, weak immunogenicity, His tag is the most dominant tag, which is widely used in recombinant protein expression. The DNA sequence which codes for His tag, is usually constructed at N‐terminus or C‐terminus of variety of expression plasmids. Since His tag has high affinity for Ni2+ ions, His‐tagged proteins can be easily purified from bacteria, yeast and mammalian cell expression system by Ni2+‐resin chromatography. Anti‐
His tag antibody is a useful tool for the identification of His‐tagged proteins with various methods such as western blot, immunoprecipitation and flow cytometry. GenScript His Tag ELISA Detection Kit, a 1.5 hour competition ELISA, is developed for rapid and high throughput detection of His‐tagged proteins. There are several potential usages: ¾ Quickly identify the presence of His‐tagged proteins in samples. ¾ Optimize protein expression by monitoring the His‐tagged proteins level. ¾ High throughput screening of stable cell lines expressing His‐tagged proteins. This kit is based on competitive ELISA method. His Tag Plate in the kit is a 96‐well microtiter plate coated with a His‐tagged protein with the molecular weight of 12.7 kDa. The plate, which comprises of 8 wells x 12 strips, is demountable. When Anti‐His Monoclonal Antibody and His‐tagged proteins are added to the well , the coated His‐tagged proteins compete with His Tag Standard (His‐tagged protein with the molecular weight of 11.3 kDa) in solution or His‐tagged protein in sample to interact with Anti‐
His Monoclonal Antibody. The higher the concentration of the His‐tagged protein in solution is, the less the antibody bound to the plate will be. The Anti‐His Monoclonal Antibody used in the kit is a mouse anti His tag monoclonal antibody (GenScript A00186). Antibody Tracer, which is a horseradish peroxidase (HRP) conjugated Goat anti mouse IgG, is used for enzyme reaction. His‐tagged protein, Anti‐His Monoclonal Antibody and antibody tracer form a complex. Other unbound molecules can be removed by washing solution. The antibody tracer reacts with TMB substrate to develop blue product that turns yellow immediately when the Stop Solution is added, which can be measured by microplate reader at 450 nM. In optimized test condition, each absorbance value is indicated to the individual His‐tagged proteins amount in solution. His‐tagged protein standards of known concentration and the corresponding absorbance values are used to construct a standard curve. With the standard curve, His‐tagged protein amount present in the unknown sample can be calculated by transforming its absorbance value. 2 II. Key Features Features Specifications Sensitivity Detection Range Test Samples 1 ng/ml His‐tagged proteins 1 ng/ml~729 ng/ml N‐terminal/C‐terminal/internal His‐tagged proteins 4 x His/5 x His/6 x His‐tagged proteins Mammalian, yeast and bacteria cell lysates or cell supernatant Provide all reagents required for test Complete test within 1.5 hours Tolerable with various reagents at certain concentration (see Table 3) Conveniency Reagent Compatibility III. Kit Content The kit provides all reagents and solutions required for His‐tagged protein detection. z
His Tag Standard Stock can be used to prepare His Tag Standard with Assay Diluent as an alternative. Table 1 Kit components Component His Tag Plate Quantity 1 plate (8 wells x 12 strips)
Part. No Anti‐His Monoclonal Antibody 6 ml 436‐20 Antibody Tracer 12 ml 436‐30 His Tag Standards (0,1,3,9,27,81,243,729 ng/ml) 2 ml per each standard 436‐
11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18
Assay Diluent 60 ml 436‐60 20 × Wash Solution 40 ml 436‐70 TMB Substrate 12 ml 436‐40 Stop Solution 6 ml 436‐50 His Tag Standard Stock (10 μg/ml) 500 μl 436‐10 Plate Sealer 2 N/A User Manual 1 N/A 436‐80 IV. Storage The unopened kit is stable for at least 12 months if stored at 2‐8 °C and the opened kit may be stable for up to 1 month at 2‐8 °C. Do not freeze the kit. V. Reagents/Equipments Required But Not Supplied Microtiter plate reader capable of measuring absorbance at 450 nm Automated microplate washer Deionized or distilled water 3 Graduated cylinder to prepare Wash Solution Plastic container to store Wash Solution Tubes to aliquot and dilute samples Precision pipettes to deliver 10 µl, 100 µl, 200 µl and 1000 µl content 10 µl, 100 µl, 200 µl and 1000 µl pipette tips Multichannel pipettor Disposable reagent reservoirs Paper towel Laboratory timer Refrigerator to store samples and kit components VI. Instruction for Use 1. Sample Preparation When preparing samples for ELISA assay, several key factors should be considered: z
Minimize concentration of certain reagents in the sample. For some reagents may interfere with test result, read the section of reagents compatibility carefully. z
Samples should not contain any particles/precipitates. Filter the sample or centrifuge as necessary to remove insoluble materials. z
For best results, the sample should be adjusted to neutral pH (6.8‐7.4). 2. Reagent Preparation z
If any precipitate is found in the 20 × Wash Solution, incubate the bottle in water bath (up to 50 °C) with occasional mixing until all the precipitate disappears. 1 x Wash Solution: Dilute 20 × Wash Solution by 1:19 v/v with deionized or distilled water. For example, dilute 40 ml of 20 × Wash Solution with 760 ml of distilled water to make 800 ml of 1 × Wash Solution. The prepared 1 × Wash Solution can be stored at 2‐8 °C for at least one month. 3. His‐Tag Plate Preparation z
It is recommended that all standards and samples are prepared in duplicate. z
Make sure the strips are tightly snapped in the plate frame. 1.
Count the strips for the assay. 2.
Leave the unused strips in the foil pouch and store at 2‐8 °C. 4 4. Test Procedure z
All reagents in the kit and test samples should be equilibrated to room temperature before test. z
Preliminary experiment should be performed to optimize sample dilution. Use Assay Diluent for sample dilution. z
The test should not be performed over 25 °C. His‐Tagged Protein/Anti‐His Monoclonal Antibody Incubation 1.
Add 50 µl of His Tag Standards or samples containing His‐tagged proteins to each well of His Tag Plate. 2.
Add 50 µl of Anti‐His Monoclonal Antibody to all the wells. 3.
Cover the plate with Plate Sealer and incubate at room temperature (20‐25 °C) for 30 minutes. 4.
Wash the plate with 260 µl of 1 x Wash Solution four times. 5.
Pat the plate on paper towel to remove residual liquid in the wells. Antibody Tracer Incubation 6.
Add 100 µl of Antibody Tracer to all the wells. 7.
Cover the plate with Plate Sealer and incubate at room temperature for 30 minutes. 8.
Wash the plate with 260 µl of 1 x Wash Solution four times. 9.
Pat the plate on paper towel to remove residual liquid in the wells. Substrate Reaction and Absorbance Measurement z
After adding Stop Solution, solution in the wells turns yellow. z
To ensure test stability, read the plate at 450 nm immediately after adding Stop Solution. z
If the sample is diluted, multiply the interpolated value by the dilution factor to calculate the amount of His‐tagged proteins in sample. 10. Add 100 µl of TMB Substrate to all the wells and incubate at room temperature for 10‐15 minutes. 11. Add 50 µl of Stop Solution to all the wells to stop the enzyme reaction. 12. Read absorbance of the plate on microplate reader at 450 nm. 13. Generate a standard curve by plotting the absorbance on the vertical axis versus the His‐tagged standard concentration on the horizontal axis. 14. The amount of His‐tagged protein in sample is determined by extrapolating its OD value to the standard curve. 5 VII. Assay Procedure Summary Add 50 µl of His Tag Standards or samples to each well Add 50 µl of Anti‐His Monoclonal Antibody to all the wells Wash plates with 260 µl of 1 x Wash Solution four times
Add 100 µl of Antibody Tracer
Incubate at room temperature for 30 minutes Wash plates with 260 µl of 1 x Wash Solution four times
Add 100 µl of TMB Substrate to all the wells Incubate for 10‐15 minutes at room temperature Add 50 µl of Stop Solution to all the wells and read the 6 VIII. Typical Assay Data The standard curve was provided for demonstration only. It should be prepared each time an assay is performed. Figure 1. Standard curves of assay results Table 2 .Example of assay results Conc. of His Tag Standard
(ng/ml) (pmol/ml) OD 450 Duplicate 1
Duplicate 2 Average 0 0 2.177 2.183 2.180 1 0.088 1.833 1.831 1.832 3 0.265 1.374 1.418 1.396 9 0.796 0.825 0.922 0.874 27 2.389 0.516 0.444 0.480 81 7.168 0.266 0.289 0.278 243 21.504 0.158 0.157 0.158 729 64.513 0.105 0.101 0.103 IX. Reagent Compatibility Reagents in test sample may interfere with test result. Common detergents and denaturants have been tested for compatibility and interference with the assays. Table 3. Reagent compatibility Reagent Recommended Use Triton X‐100 ≤ 1% Imidazole ≤ 125 mM Guanidine HCl ≤ 30 mM Urea ≤ 0.5 M Deoxycholic Acid ≤ 1% SDS ≤ 0.07% EDTA ≤ 10 mM β‐ME ≤ 160mM DTT ≤ 20 mM Tris (pH=7) ≤ 6.5 mM CHAPS ≤ 5% Tween‐20 ≤ 1% Glycerol ≤ 1% TBS Fully compatible PBS Fully compatible RIPA Lysis Buffer Fully compatible 7 X. Troubleshooting Problem Probable Cause Solution Wells are not washed or aspirated properly
Make sure the wash apparatus works
properly and wells are dry after aspiration Poor Precision Wells have been scratched with pipette tip Dispense and aspirate solution into and out
or washing needles of wells with caution Particulates are in the samples
Remove any particulates by centrifugation prior to the assay Pipette error Check pipette calibration and repeat assay
Components are used from other lots or Never substitute any components from sources another kit Components are not brought to room Repeat assay with components that have temperature prior to the assay been equilibrated to room temperature TMB Substrate are not added or were
Follow the manual to add the TMB added at the wrong time Substrate Antibody Tracer is not added, or was added Follow the manual to repeat the assay
at the wrong time Weak/No Signal TMB Substrate has been contaminated
Use new TMB Substrate Do not add the proper volumes of reagents
Repeat the assay with the required volumes in manual Do not incubate the plate for proper time or Follow the manual to repeat the assay
at proper temperature Do not read the plate immediately after Read the plate within 10 minutes Stop Solution was added Plate is not washed properly
Make sure the wash apparatus is functioning properly. Make sure wash solution is removed before adding substrate
TMB Substrate has been contaminated
TMB Substrate is very light sensitive and must be protected from direct light. Use High background new TMB Substrate with same Lot Evaporation of wells during incubations
Perform incubation steps with Plate Sealer
in the assay Incorrect incubation times and/or Follow the manual to repeat the assay
temperatures XI. Related Products 8 z
His Tag Antibody, pAb, Rabbit L00411 z
Mouse Anti‐His mAb MagBeads L00275 z
His Tag Antibody Plate L00440 z
THETM His Tag Antibody, mAb, Mouse A00186 z
THETM His Tag Antibody [HRP], mAb, Mouse A00612 z
THETM His Tag Antibody [Biotin], mAb, Mouse A00613 z
THETM His Tag Antibody [FITC], mAb, Mouse A01620 Limited Use Label license: This product may be the subject of one or more patents filed by GenScript Corporation. The purchase of this product conveys to the buyer the non‐transferable right to use the purchased amount of the product and components of the product in research conducted by the buyer (whether the buyer is an academic or for‐profit entity). The buyer may not sell or otherwise transfer (a) this product (b) its components or (c) materials made using this product or its components to a third party or otherwise use this product or its components or materials made using this product or its components for any commercial purposes. For commercial use, please contact GenScript at [email protected] GenScript USA Inc. 860 Centennial Ave., Piscataway, NJ 08854 Tel: 1‐877‐436‐7274, 1‐732‐885‐9188 Fax: 732‐210‐0262, 732‐885‐5878 Email: [email protected] Web: www.genscript.com 9 XII. Plate Layout Use this plate layout to record standards and samples assayed. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 A B C D E F G H Notes: 10 Use this plate layout to record standards and samples assayed. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 A B C D E F G H Notes: 11 
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