AC2000

AC2000
AC-2000/Plus
Complete Poultry House
Control
User’s Manual
ROTEM
Poultry House Control
This manual is published by Rotem Computerized Controllers Ltd.
All rights to this publication are reserved. No part of this document may be
reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, or translated into any language, in any form or by any means, without ROTEM
permission.
Rotem Computerized Controllers Ltd. reserves the right to make
changes or improvements to the equipment, software, and documentation
herein described at any time without notice.
© Copyright 2002 by Rotem Computerized Controllers Ltd.
Warning: ROTEM products are designed and manufactured to provide reliable operation. Strict tests and quality control procedures are
applied to every product.
However, there is the possibility that something may fail.
Since these products are designed to operate climate control and other
systems in confined livestock environments, where failure may cause severe damage, the user should provide external backup with proper setting
for the specific age of the bird and alarm systems that will function at all
times and will be tested periodically, either daily or weekly. These are to
operate critical systems even in case of a Rotem system failure. Neglecting
to provide such proper backup and an alarm will be regarded as the user’s
willingness to accept the total risk of loss, injury and financial damage.
ROTEM Computerized Controllers Ltd.
1 Haofan st. kiryat Arie
Petach-Tikva 49511, Israel
Tel: 972-3-920-6200
Fax: 972-3-924-9834
Software version: 7.02r01
Rev:1.5
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AC-2000 PLUS
Table of Contents
FEATURES .......................................................................................................................... 5
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS ............................................................................................ 6
DISPLAY ............................................................................................................................ 6
Standard display......................................................................................................... 6
KEYPAD ............................................................................................................................. 6
HOT KEYS ......................................................................................................................... 7
PRINCIPLES, OPTIONS, OPERATION .............................................................................. 8
Cooling and Ventilation .............................................................................................. 8
Power Ventilation........................................................................................................ 8
Transitional Ventilation ............................................................................................... 8
Natural Ventilation ...................................................................................................... 8
Tunnel Ventilation....................................................................................................... 8
Grouping Ventilation Fans........................................................................................ 10
Variable Speed Fan.................................................................................................. 11
Summary, Ventilation ............................................................................................... 11
HEATERS ......................................................................................................................... 17
Standard Heaters ..................................................................................................... 17
Radiant Heaters ....................................................................................................... 18
OTHER SYSTEMS ............................................................................................................. 18
Water Meter and Alarm ............................................................................................ 18
Bird Scales ............................................................................................................... 18
Feed Overtime Alarm and Shutoff............................................................................ 19
Wind Direction Sensor.............................................................................................. 19
REMOTE COMMUNICATION................................................................................................ 19
CONTROL MENU .............................................................................................................. 20
Temperature Table, Menu 1..................................................................................... 20
Minimum-Maximum Level Table, Menu 2 ................................................................ 21
Minimum-Maximum Level Table, Menu 2 ................................................................ 22
Humidity Table, Menu 3 ........................................................................................... 22
Cooling Table, Menu 4 ............................................................................................. 23
Lighting, Menu 5 ....................................................................................................... 23
Feeding System, Menu 6 ......................................................................................... 24
Feed Cycle, Menu 7 (Breeder Version Only!) .......................................................... 24
Extra Systems, Menu 8 ............................................................................................ 24
Static Pressure, Menu 9 ........................................................................................... 25
MANAGEMENT............................................................................................................. 27
Mortality, Menu 11 .................................................................................................... 27
Mortality, Menu 11 (Breeder Version only!).............................................................. 27
Poultry Count, Menu 12............................................................................................ 27
Feed Inventory, Menu 13 ......................................................................................... 27
Eggs Inventory, Menu 14 (Breeder Version only!) ................................................... 28
Time & Growth Day, Menu 15 .................................................................................. 28
Flock Number, Menu 16 ........................................................................................... 28
New Flock, Menu 17................................................................................................. 28
Alarm Reset, Menu 18.............................................................................................. 28
Alarm Test, Menu 19 ................................................................................................ 28
HISTORICAL DATA....................................................................................................... 29
Temperature, Menu 21............................................................................................. 29
Humidity, Menu 22.................................................................................................... 29
Scales, Menu 23....................................................................................................... 29
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Poultry House Control
Water Consumption, Menu 24 ................................................................................. 29
Feed Consumption, Menu 25 ................................................................................... 30
Alarms, Menu 26 ...................................................................................................... 30
Mortality, Menu 27.................................................................................................... 30
Heaters, Menu 28..................................................................................................... 30
Eggs, Menu 29 (Breeder Version only!) ................................................................... 31
TEST.............................................................................................................................. 31
Temperature, Menu 31............................................................................................. 31
Humidity, Menu 32 ................................................................................................... 31
Relays, Menu 33 ...................................................................................................... 31
Digital Inputs, Menu 34............................................................................................. 31
Analog Inputs, Menu 35 ........................................................................................... 31
Analog Output, Menu 36 .......................................................................................... 32
Water Pulse, Menu 37.............................................................................................. 32
Scales, Menu 38....................................................................................................... 32
CALIBRATION............................................................................................................... 33
Temperature, Menu 41............................................................................................. 33
Humidity, Menu 42 ................................................................................................... 33
Scales, Menu 43....................................................................................................... 33
Scales Factor, Menu 44 ........................................................................................... 34
Feed Pulse Ratio, Menu 45...................................................................................... 34
Water Pulse Ratio, Menu 46 .................................................................................... 34
TROUBLE SHOOTING GUIDE ......................................................................................... 34
FACTORY RESET.............................................................................................................. 36
INSTALLATION AND CONFIGURATION.................................................................................. 36
VENTILATION TABLE, MENU 92 ......................................................................................... 37
RELAY LAYOUT, MENU 93 ................................................................................................ 39
Manual Relay Operation........................................................................................... 40
Relay Record............................................................................................................ 40
SENSOR LAYOUT, MENU 94.............................................................................................. 40
CURTAIN TABLE, MENU 95 ............................................................................................... 41
SYSTEM VARIABLES, MENU 97 ......................................................................................... 41
PASSWORD, MENU 98...................................................................................................... 45
LIGHTNING PROTECTION .................................................................................................. 45
Power Line Protection .............................................................................................. 45
Communication Line Protection ............................................................................... 45
INSTALLATION RECORDS .............................................................................................. 46
TEMPERATURE TABLE, MENU 1 ........................................................................................ 46
MINIMUM-MAXIMUM TABLE, MENU 2 ................................................................................. 46
COOLING TABLE, MENU 4................................................................................................. 47
LIGHTING TABLE, MENU 5................................................................................................. 47
FEEDING TABLE, MENU 6 ................................................................................................. 49
EXTRA SYSTEMS, MENU 7................................................................................................ 49
STATIC PRESSURE, MENU 8 ............................................................................................. 49
CONFIGURATION, MENU 91 .............................................................................................. 50
VENTILATION & CURTAIN LEVEL: MENU 92, MENU 95....................................................... 51
RELAY LAYOUT, MENU 93 ................................................................................................ 52
SENSOR LAYOUT, MENU 94.............................................................................................. 53
Description................................................................................................................ 53
EXTRA CURTAINS, MENU 95............................................................................................. 53
NOTE: IF SENSOR IS ‘0’, THE CURTAIN USES THE AVERAGE TEMPERATURE. ... 53
NOTE: EXTRA CURTAINS CLOSE IN TUNNEL MODE................................................. 53
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SYSTEM VARIABLES, MENU 97 ......................................................................................... 54
TERMINALS ...................................................................................................................... 59
BOARD LAYOUT ............................................................................................................... 62
AC-2000 WIRING DIAGRAM ............................................................................................. 63
ELECTRICAL GROUNDING FOR CONTROLLERS ................................................................... 64
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS ....................................................................................... 66
MALE FEMALE CURVE, MENU 96 ...................................................................................... 66
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Poultry House Control
Features
ƒ 2X20 Lighted liquid crystal display (LCD).
ƒ 19 keys keyboard.
ƒ 12/20/32 relays with relay extension option for the AC-200
Plus.
ƒ Two built in bird scale connections.
ƒ 4 temperature sensors.
ƒ Humidity sensor input.
ƒ Pressure sensor input.
ƒ PC communication.
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Operating Instructions
Display
Here is the AC-2000 standard display. If there is an alarm the screen will
alternately show the alarm message and this display.
If the sensors are disconnected instead of temperature, “fail” will be written.
Standard display
Ventilation
Level
Temperature
Growth
Day
Humidity
Keypad
MENU: The Menu key displays the main menu from the standard screen,
and exits the menus whenever you are already in a menu. It is like a pushpush lamp switch that you push to turn on, and push again to turn off.
SHIFT: When in long tables press shift with 3 or 9 and the lines will jump by
10 each time. (More shift options on the controller’s box display)
ENTER: The Enter key completes your entry or menu selection. The Platinum Plus recognizes numeric values when setting temperatures, times, etc.
only after you push the enter key.
DEL: The Delete key erases typing mistakes. It also enables the ‘Cold
Start’ function if held at power on.
ARROW: The Arrow keys move you around the menus, and help you
make selections. In some cases you can also use them to change values.
NUMBERS: The Numeric keys enter numbers and make choices in numbered menus.
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Poultry House Control
Hot Keys
The AC-2000 has 7 hot keys for quick information.
The hot keys function only from the main screen.
Hot key 1: Displays the current target temperature.
Hot key 2: Current relays status.
Hot key 3: Outside temperature and humidity.
Hot key 4: Displays the temperature according to zones.
Hot key 5: Current pressure and the pressure target.
Note: This hot screen will not display unless a pressure sensor was defined
in Sensor Layout.
Hot key 6: Displays the minimum and maximum levels of
ventilation.
Hot key 9: Controller’s version.
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Principles, Options, Operation
Cooling and Ventilation
Cooling and ventilation are closely related. Most ventilation is based
on temperature since satisfying temperature needs also satisfies most
other ventilation requirements. Timers for minimum ventilation settings and
humidity sensors cover ventilation needs that temperature sensors do not
handle correctly. When air movement cannot provide enough cooling, foggers, misters and cooling pads provide it.
Since mechanical ventilation means are expensive to operate, many
try to take advantage of free natural ventilation. With so many ways to
have ventilation systems, we can only provide guidelines. You will need to
adapt the AC-2000 to your particular needs.
Power Ventilation
Powered fans are the usual means of choice to provide reliable ventilation and cooling. Powered inlets are also popular; static pressure
sensors ensure that fresh air enters with sufficient velocity to travel well
within the poultry house and mix with inside air to prevent drafts. Whether
fresh air enters through ridge vents, directly through static pressure controlled wall inlets, or through a plenum, the AC-2000 provides control
throughout the flock growth cycle. Power ventilation usually means minimum or near minimum air flow (to reduce heat losses).
Transitional Ventilation
Transitional ventilation is a term covering those areas not otherwise
described. Most often it describes airflow at greater than minimum requirements, but less than full tunnel ventilation.
Natural Ventilation
When nature cooperates, there may be no better way to provide an
optimum poultry environment. Curtain sidewalls that open fully can provide
large amounts of fresh air at little cost. Ridge vents, ventilation doors and
other structures provide other ways to use natural ventilation advantageously. The ventilation table and other parameters in the AC-2000 accept
settings that facilitate the use of these and other systems for natural ventilation.
Tunnel Ventilation
Tunnel ventilation takes advantage of the wind chill factor of moving
air. Large birds at 85÷F in still air will suffer; move the air at 5 mph and the
birds are comfortable. Some producers find that creating a 5 mph wind
through a long poultry house by using large fans at one end is the most
economical and reliable means to ventilate poultry. Also, cooling pads
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Poultry House Control
work well with tunnel ventilation because the tunnel fans automatically draw
fresh air through them, and there is little danger of spraying excessive water inside the house.
Tunnel Ventilated House
Inlets
Fans
8
8
5 mph wind
40 Foot X 400 Foot Tunnel House, to Scale
With a full house, there will be a temperature rise toward the fan
end. Cool air enters at the inlets, often through chiller or cooling pads. As
it passes through the house, it warms up and may be several degrees
warmer than at the cool end. In the event of inlet curtain failure, airflow
stops and static pressure rises. The AC-2000 will open the ridge/side wall
inlets and generate an alarm in this emergency.
Some producers mix tunnel ventilation with side inlets, while others
use the AC-2000 static pressure emergency feature to open the side inlets
only if static pressure gets too high. The AC-2000 provides a fan to curtain
movement interlock so that the tunnel inlets or tunnel.
Inlet curtains can control static pressure; when the inlet
Tunnel and Side Inlet Ventilated House
Static Pressure Controlled Inlets
Fans
8
5 mph wind
side wall crack or inlets
8
40 Foot X 400 Foot Tunnel House, to Scale
curtain moves the AC-2000 can temporarily stop the fans so the curtains
will not hang up.
Many houses do not use natural ventilation at all. Instead, the ventilation gradually increases, as the birds grow, through the crack or side
wall/ceiling inlets. During brood and young bird stage, one or two of the
tunnel fans draw air into the house through the inlets, the tunnel inlet curtains being closed. When this is insufficient to cool the birds, the end or
tunnel curtain opens. Cooling pads at the inlet curtain, or foggers
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AC-2000 PLUS
through the house, provide additional cooling. This may eliminate the expense of sidewall fans.
As more air moves through the house, the air movement itself has a
cooling effect. You may add a temperature differential for each ventilation
level, which the AC-2000 will add to the target temperature before using
that level, to account for this cooling effect. Normally the minimum ventilation levels do not require any temperature differential since the air velocity
is very low.
Tunnel Ventilation Parameters
Parameter
Comments
Menu 1
Cool Temperature
Controls evaluation of the Menu 4 cool table, it also sets the inside house
temperature forcing tunnel ventilation.
Menu 97
Once in tunnel, inside temperature must
System Variable 5 drop below this amount above target temperature before exiting tunnel mode.
Menu 97
Sets minimum stay time either in tunnel, to
System Variable 21 prevent yo-yoing. Emergency temperature
levels can override this.
In menu 91, item 4, the AC-2000 asks for the ventilation level at
which to start tunnel ventilation if side curtains provide natural ventilation,
the AC-2000 must restrict entering and leaving tunnel mode to prevent
wearing out the curtains. The AC-2000 waits till the cooling temperature
set point before entering tunnel. Additionally, if there is an outside sensor,
the outside temperature must be greater than the target temperature. If
there is no natural ventilation and your house is extremely well balanced,
you may choose no tunnel level at all.
System variable 21 specifies the minimum stay in and out of tunnel ventilation, and system variable 5 the temperature above target temperature to
exit tunnel mode. Otherwise, the temperature changes when tunnel operation starts could cause a yo-yo in and out of tunnel mode, wearing out the
curtains.
Grouping Ventilation Fans
Grouping fans achieves several objectives:
1. It reduces the possibility that everything quits all at once. If one relay or fan fails, the others can keep going.
2. It allows the AC-2000 to turn on small amounts of fan power for
minimum ventilation requirements.
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Poultry House Control
3. It allows the AC-2000 to turn on additional fan power in reasonable
steps, as ventilation requirements increase.
4. Combinations of groups can reduce wiring costs. For example,
seven fans on seven circuits allow complete flexibility. However,
seven fans in groups of 1, 2 and 4 fans requires only three circuits
for about half the cost, and still allows turning on any arbitrary number of fans.
Generally, a variable speed fan, or one fan on timer provide for minimum ventilation. The variable speed fan does not count as a group, and
has its own entries in the ventilation table. A second fan in another group
can provide backup for the first fan, whether the first fan is a timed fan, or a
variable speed fan. Except for this minimum ventilation group, each group
of fans typically has two or more fans on one electrical circuit. Six groups
suffice for the usual numbers of fans. The AC-2000 uses up to eight
groups of fans.
Variable Speed Fan
Variable speed fans rarely supply precisely the airflow programmed
in the ventilation table. Therefore, when setting variable fan speeds, check
the actual airflow at the settings you use. Some fans may deliver 50% airflow at a 90% setting and other fans stop turning completely at settings
below 50%. Certain fan blades may be unable to blow air against the wind
or static pressure at slow speeds. With some experimentation, however,
you should be able to find suitable settings for your fan and ventilation
levels.
Be sure to check for vibration and overheating at your slowest
speeds. If you notice this, increase the minimum settings. System variable
20 sets the 0% voltage and variable 22 sets the 100% voltage for the variable speed fan. The AC-2000 calculates the correct output from the
variable speed percent values you enter in the ventilation tables. That is,
50% in the ventilation table is half way between system variables 20 and
22.
Summary, Ventilation
1. Assign ventilation fans to groups. The groups may use multiple output relays, so that several outputs make up a group. Different
groups may not share the same relay. There is no information to enter into the control at this point. Simply write the group numbers
down with the assigned fans in the installation record, Menu 92. The
AC-2000 uses up to eight different groups.
2. Fill out the Ventilation Level Table, Menu 92. This is part of the system installation menu, which does not appear on the front panel of
the control. The AC-2000 may use up to 20 levels. Warning: Be
careful to set the maximum ventilation level number correctly in configuration, menu 91, item 2. If the higher unused ventilation levels
are at zero, the control will turn off all fans when it reaches those
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AC-2000 PLUS
levels on a hot day. It is good practice to duplicate the last line for
the rest of the table.
3. Fill out the Curtain Level Table, Menu 95 to correspond with the
Ventilation Level Table, Menu 92. Note that the levels in both tables
correspond with each other. Fill out the Temperature Table. Pick
convenient growth days, and set appropriate target, heating and
cooling temperatures. The AC-2000 can automatically ramp these
temperatures at intermediate growth dates; simply enable ‘auto temp
reduction,’ item 6 in installation, menu 91. The control will regulate
the ventilation and heating equipment to maintain these temperatures.
4. Fill out the Minimum-Maximum Level Table by bird growth dates.
This table limits the ventilation levels the AC-2000 may use. The
Minimum settings are your winter handle on air quality in the house.
5. Set the Target Humidity and Cooling Tables if using these systems.
6. If using static pressure controlled inlets, enter the static pressure
settings.
Examples: Fan Groups, Curtains, and Levels
Sometimes the easiest approach is to see an example. In this section we consider two different broiler houses. One is curtain sided with
cross ventilation and exhaust fans. The other is also curtain sided, but has
only tunnel fans. All of the fans in the first example are in the sidewalls. In
the second, they are all at one end of the building.
The AC-2000 organizes the main ventilation fans in up to eight groups of
various sizes. It turns on combinations of up to eight of these groups at a
time to provide the correct amount of ventilation. The example here, Typical
Fan Grouping, Example A, demonstrates a common organization pattern.
The AC-2000 can also use a variable speed fan, and timers to cycle fans
on and off. Note that Group 5 in this example uses three different outputs.
Typical Fan Grouping, Example A
Group 1
Group 2
Group 3
Group 4
Group 5
Group 5
Group 5
Rev:1.5
Minimum Ventilation Fan 1 on Timer
Minimum Ventilation Fan 2 on Timer
One Ventilation Fan, Fan 3
One Ventilation Fan, Fan 4
Two Ventilation Fans, Fans 5 and 6
Two Ventilation Fans, Fans 7 and 8
Two Ventilation Fans, Fans 9 and 10
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Poultry House Control
Example A
Example A uses no tunnel ventilation, but does have two independent side curtains. The fans are all in the side walls; some are exhaust fans.
Others, for cross ventilation, sweep air diagonally across the house when
the curtains are open on hot days. A fixed one inch crack allows minimum
fresh air into the building when the exhaust fans operate. A possible ventilation table is on the next page.
Example A uses exhausts fans for minimum ventilation when the
weather is too cold to let the curtains down. Ventilation level 1 is for day
old chicks, and moves a minimum amount of air into the house. Level 9 has
all exhaust fans going to provide air for large birds on very cold days. Levels 10 through 15 are various degrees of natural ventilation, and level 16
and above turn on the cross ventilation fans for additional cooling during
extremely hot conditions.
Typical Ventilation Level Table, Example A
Ventilation
Level
1
2
3
4
5
6*
7
8
9
10…15
16…20
Ventilation
Groups
10000000
10000000
10000000
10000000
10000000
12000000
12000000
13000000
12300000
00000000
34500000
On
Min
0.5
1.0
2.0
3.0
1.0
5.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
0.0
1.0
Off
Min
4.5
4.0
3.0
2.0
0.0
5.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Diff
Var**
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
5.0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
* Note: ventilation level 6 has fan groups 1 and 2 active. The cycle timer is
set at 5.0 minutes on and 5.0 minutes off. The cycle timer always applies
to the highest numbered group in the ventilation level, so in this case group
1 is on steady, group 2 cycles 50% on a ten minute cycle period.
** Note: The AC-2000 displays either the On/Off minutes at each level, or
the variable speed setting. It does not display both at once, although all
data remains correctly in computer memory. Menu 91, item 3, controls
which data shows on screen.
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Warning: Example A, repeats ventilation level 16 all the way to level 20.
One should set the maximum ventilation level to 16 in Configuration, menu 91, and item
3 for this example. However, if the maximum ventilation level were at 20, with levels 17
through 20 blank, the AC-2000 would turn off all fans at ventilation levels 17 through 20,
if programmed to blank. You may duplicate these levels to prevent this, or program the
maximum number of ventilation levels.
The curtain level table works with the ventilation level table.
Curtain Level Table, Example A
Ventilation Level
1...9
10
11
12
13
14
15…20
Curtain 1
% Open
0.0
15
25
40
60
100
100
Curtain 2
% Open
0.0
10
20
30
50
70
100
Example A has two side curtains for ventilation past ventilation level
9. For this example, curtain 1 is normally to the lee side of prevailing
winds. Example A has it open slightly ahead of curtain 2. If the AC-2000
has a wind direction indicator, it automatically switches Curtain 1 and Curtain 2 levels according to the wind direction.
Referring to the ventilation table, at level 16 seven cross ventilation
fans (Groups 4, 5 and 6) blow air across the flock for more cooling. With
system variable 4 set to 15, “Maximum level when inside temperature is
below cooling,” the AC-2000 will not use level 16 or above unless the temperature is above the cooling system set point. Alternatively, set the
differential to account for the cooling effect and cost of these fans, as
shown.
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Example B
Group 1
Group 2
Group 3
Group 4
Group 5
Group 6
Group 7
Typical Fan Grouping, Example B
Ventilation Fan 1 on Timer
Ventilation Fan 2 on Timer
Ventilation Fan 3 on Timer
Two Ventilation Fans, 4 and 5
Two Ventilation Fans, 6 and 7
Two Ventilation Fans, 8 and 9
Two Ventilation Fans, 10 and 11
In example B a single curtain machine runs two side curtains, and a second
machine the tunnel curtain. All the fans are 48” tunnel fans. The RPS-1
static pressure sensor controls sidewall/ceiling inlets independently from
the ventilation table.
For ventilation under cold conditions, one, two or three of the tunnel
fans provide minimum ventilation. These draw fresh air through the side
inlets, providing uniform fresh air throughout the house. With good outside
conditions, example B uses natural ventilation with no fans (levels 10...15).
Many growers would insist on using stir fans for safety. Tunnel ventilation
with cooling pads (levels 16…19) provides ventilation for large birds during
hot weather.
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Typical Ventilation Level Table, Example B
Ventilation
Level
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10...15
16
17
18
19
Ventilation
Groups
10000000
10000000
10000000
10000000
10000000
12000000
12000000
12300000
12340000
00000000
12340000
12345000
12345600
12345670
On
Minutes
0.5
1.0
2.0
5.0
1.0
5.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
0.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
Off
Minutes
9.5
9.0
8.0
5.0
0.0
5.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Diff
Var
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
4.0
6.0
10.0
10.0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
The first part of Example B’s ventilation table reflects power and transitional
ventilation with air coming through static pressure controlled inlets. At ventilation level, 10 natural ventilation starts with the side curtains fully open at
level 15. At level 16 the AC-2000 switches into tunnel ventilation, with
maximum fan power at level 18. Note the adjustment example B makes
with target temperature in tunnel mode by adding differential temperatures
from level 15 and above.
Many modern growers will not use natural ventilation. They would
simply move the tunnel levels right up to level 10, leaving out the natural
ventilation portion.
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Curtain Level Table, Example B
Ventilation
Level
1 through 8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15...20
Side Curtains
% Open
0
15
25
40
55
75
100
0
Tunnel Curtain
% Open
0
15
25
40
55
75
100
100
The Curtain Level Table, Example B, coordinates with the ventilation
table. Note how the tunnel curtain stays open, and the side curtains close
at level 15.
The AC-2000 enters tunnel ventilation at the cooling set point, not
target temperature. System variable 21 enforces a minimum time in tunnel
and out of tunnel to prevent yo-yoing. System variable 6 sets the degrees
above target temperature to leave tunnel mode.
Example B uses natural ventilation for levels 9 through 14. Tunnel
ventilation starts at level 15, which one enters in menu 91, Configuration,
item 5. The tunnel curtain works with the side curtains until level 14. At
level 15 the side curtains close while the tunnel curtain remains open for
tunnel ventilation. The tunnel curtain may operate at a different speed than
the side curtains. Enter the time for curtains opening and closing in menu
91, Configuration, item 10, so the AC-2000 can account for the curtain
movement rates.
Heaters
The AC-2000 supports several kinds of heaters. Standard low and
high-level heaters and radiant heaters work in up to three zones.
Standard Heaters
Each of the zones may have low and high-level standard heaters.
The low level heaters turn on first, and if they cannot maintain the set temperature, the high level heaters turn on. For historical data collection, the
AC-2000 records the run time for the low level heaters only. It does not
record the times for the high level or radiant heaters.
If you use a single zone, the AC-2000 uses the average of the zone
temperature sensors to control the heating. If using multiple zones, the
AC-2000 uses the specific zone sensor designated for each zone. See
menu 91, item 5 and menu 94.
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Note: should the AC-2000 turn on any of the standard heaters, it
immediately returns to minimum ventilation. Be sure to calibrate your temperature sensors to prevent one zone reading low calling for heat, and
other zones read high forcing higher levels of ventilation, which exhausts
the heat unnecessarily.
Radiant Heaters
Many brooders are of the radiant heater type. The AC-2000 allows
the radiant heaters to have individual temperature sensors to control the
brooder heat for the young chicks.
Some radiant heaters require one relay to turn on the ignition, and
another relay for the high level burner. System variable 10 sets the ignition
relay on time. System variable 38 allows setting a higher set temperature
for radiant heaters than the standard heaters.
Other Systems
The AC-2000 will also run lighting, feeding and extra systems. The
feeding and lighting systems may coordinate for dark-out and periodic operation. Extra systems can run according to time, temperature sensor, or
cycle timer.
Water Meter and Alarm
A standard pulse output water meter may attach to the AC-2000. It
will then keeps historical water consumption information, and generates
alarms in the event of too little or too much water flow. A drop in water
consumption may be the first indicator of a problem with the flock, allowing
corrective action before a serious situation develops.
System variable 32 sets the overtime alarm limit, variable 33 the
shortage limit, and variable 34 the delay time for reporting water alarms.
Use menu 46 to calibrate the amount of water per pulse of the water meter.
Test menu 37 reports live counts to test the water meter; while menu 24
gives historical water consumption data. Note: the shortage alarm applies
only during ‘light’ conditions if the light table (menu 5) turns the lights on
and off. Moreover, this is disabled when water calibration is zero.
The Arad, 0.1 gallon per pulse meter works well with the AC-2000
PLUS.
Bird Scales
The Rotem RBS-1 bird scale platforms can provide regular growth
information on the flock. With historical information on a flock-by-flock basis, one can quickly judge actual performance of the flock. The AC-2000
supports one or two weighing platforms.
Menu 23 provides historical bird weights, both as an average of two
platforms, and individually by platform. It also includes standard deviation
statistics, and number of birds weighed each day. Menu 38 allows testing
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Poultry House Control
the scales by weighing objects. Menus 43 and 44 provide for calibration by
known weight, or by the factory provided calibration factor.
Feed Overtime Alarm and Shutoff
If system variable 24 is one, the AC-2000 assigns the terminal 5
digital input 1 to the feed overtime sensor. System variable 25 sets a delay
between activation of a feed overtime alarm input, and activation of the
alarm relay. System Variable 43 elects whether to shut off the feed system
on an alarm.
Wind Direction Sensor
If system variable 24 is zero, the wind direction input, digital input 1,
can switch the curtain level tables for curtains 1 and 2 based on wind direction. System variable 19 sets the time period for the wind direction check.
After each time period, the AC-2000 averages the wind direction to a 0 or a
1. If the average came to a 1 (contact closed) curtain 1 and 2 ventilation
table settings are switched for the next period; otherwise each curtain
keeps its own settings.
Remote Communication
One of the most important capabilities of the AC-2000 is remote
communications. A personal computer may connect locally, or by modem,
to an AC-2000 almost anywhere in the world. Password protection prevents unauthorized access.
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Control Menu
Experiment with the control using the temperature settings. Press
the MENU key to bring up the control menu. If you press MENU again, the
standard display will reappear.
* CONTROL MENU *
01 TEMPERATURE
Note the two digits, ‘01,’ beside the ‘TEMPERATURE’. This number is
from the Quick Menu printed on the front of the AC-2000, to the left of the
display and keypad. Enter any quick menu number, and then press the
Enter key to quickly reach that information. You can also browse Quick
Menu items with the arrow keys. The blinking line under the ‘1’ is the cursor. It marks the point at which your typing will appear.
With menu ‘01 TEMPERATURE’ in the display, press the ENTER key.
Temperature Table, Menu 1
Line
Number
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Growth
Day
1
10
21
30
42
0
0
0
0
0
Target
Heating
Cooling/Tunnel
30
28
26
25
24
0
0
0
0
0
28
26
24
22
20
0
0
0
0
0
33
30
28
27
26
0
0
0
0
0
Target temperatures according to bird age go in Menu 1, Temperature Table. The AC-2000 provides space for up to ten growth dates with
corresponding target temperatures, heat set points and cool or tunnel set
points. The target temperature represents the ideal bird temperature; the
heat temperature controls heater operation. The cooling set point determines the point at which the AC-2000 switches into tunnel ventilation or
uses evaporative cooling equipment.
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Configuration, menu 91, item 6, “automatic continues daily temperature adjustment,” controls whether the AC-2000 interpolates between lines
of the temperature table, or uses the exact set points from the table. The
interpolation results in temperature ramping with smooth continuous
change, rather than the sudden jumps.
Continuous Temperature Adjustment
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Minimum-Maximum Level Table, Menu 2
Line
Number
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Growth
Day
1
7
14
21
35
42
0
0
0
0
Minimum
Maximum
1
2
4
5
5
6
0
0
0
0
5
10
14
14
14
20
0
0
0
0
The Min-Max Level Table limits the AC-2000 ventilation and curtain
levels by bird age. In the example here, the AC-2000 will not exceed ventilation level 5 until growth day 7. From growth day 7 through growth day 13,
the AC-2000 will use at least ventilation level 2 (even if the heaters are on),
but will not exceed level 10.
The ‘Minimum’ column of this table is the usual place to adjust air
quality in your poultry house. If the house requires more air, simply increase the minimum level, if less airflow then decreases the minimum
ventilation level.
Humidity Table, Menu 3
The AC-2000 can run the ventilation system to meet target humidity
if it has a humidity sensor. To disable humidity treatment, set the target
humidity to 99%. A suitable ammonia sensor may become available; your
AC-2000 is ready to use it when it arrives.
To enable fresh air treatment (without a humidity sensor), set target
humidity to 0%. The fresh air, humidity treatment program increases ventilation by one level if temperature is stable or slowly climbing and humidity is
above target humidity.
System variables 13, 27, 36, and 37 affect the fresh air, humidity
treatment program. Variable 13, treatment delay, specifies the minimum
delay between increases in ventilation level to reduce humidity or provide
more fresh air. Variable 27 sets the minimum length of time to remain at
the new ventilation level at each increase. Variable 36 specifies the maximum amount above target temperature, and variable 37 sets the excess
humidity differential, at which the AC-2000 is to use the heaters to treat
humidity.
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Cooling Table, Menu 4
Line
No.
1
2
3
4
5
From
Time
09:00
09:00
09:00
12:30
00:00
To
Time
21:30
21:30
21:30
16:00
00:00
From
Temp
27.7
28.8
30
32.2
00.0
To %RH
On (Min)
Off (Min)
85.0
85.0
82.5
75.0
00.0
1
1
1
1
0
10
5
2
0
0
The Cooling Table regulates the cooling pads or fogging system.
Before considering the cooling table, the temperature must exceed the present cooling temperature (from menu 1).
Consider line 2, in the cooling table above. Between 9:00 AM and
9:30 PM, if the temperature is above both the cool set point and 28.8°C,
and the humidity below 85.0%, the cooling relay could cycle one minute on
and five minutes off. When multiple lines apply, the AC-2000 uses the
highest numbered line possible.
Note: the AC-2000 automatically sorts the table in order of ‘From
Temperature’ after you enter the data.
Lighting, Menu 5
Line #
Day
1
2
3
4
5
6
*
50
1
1
1
1
7
20
*
*
From
Time
01:00
05:00
05:30
22:00
09:00
00:00
*
*
To
Time
03:00
07:00
03:00
23:00
14:00
23:59
*
*
Intensity
100%
100%
20%
100%
20%
100%
*
*
The lighting table stores up to fifty entries during which to turn on the lights.
The AC-2000 sorts the table by ‘day,’ then by ‘from time.’ There can be
several light periods each growth day. It turns lights on and off using relays, or accepts 0 to 10 Volt controlled light dimmers. In this example, the
day 1 settings apply until day 7, at which time the day 7 setting supersedes
it.
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AC-2000 PLUS
Feeding System, Menu 6
Line #
1
2
*
10
From
06:00
13:00
*
*
To
14:00
07:00
*
*
Qt/bird
1.000
1.000
*
*
Menu 6 sets the feeding system. It may run up to ten feeding periods per
day. For full feeding, set times to cover the entire day. The AC-2000 stops
delivering feed when it has supplied the amount of feed specified in Qt/bird.
If this quantity is zero, the feed system will stay off. The AC-2000 takes
into account the mortality, initial bird population, and the feed delivery rate.
If desired, the AC-2000 will alarm and shut off the feed system for
feed overruns.
Feed Cycle, Menu 7 (Breeders Version Only!)
CYCLE
STATUS
1
1
2
1
3
0
4
1
5
1
6
0
7
1
The feed cycle has up to 7 days. The number of days is set in menu
97- system variables, variable 52. For example if variable 52 is set on 4 the
number of days in the cycle will be 4.
In Flock Management menu, table 15 Time & growth Day, use the
arrow keys and move to the day of cycle number. This number will indicate
the first day cycle.
In the status line set either 0 for no feed or 1 for feed.
Extra Systems (Breeders-Menu 7, Broilers-Menu 8)
The AC-2000 provides three extra systems to use for various purposes. Each system has a clock time during which it runs, high and low
temperature set points with selectable sensor, and a cycle timer. If the
sensor is ‘0’, the extra systems use the average temperature the ventilation
system uses. To ignore temperature, enter 0 for the low, and a large temperature, say 123.9÷F for the high temperature.
Extra Systems
System
From
Time
To
Time
From
Temp
To
Temp
On
Off
Sensor
1
2
3
00:00
06:35
04:00
23:59
07:00
20:00
0
0
80.5
123.9
123.9
123.9
5
0
1
5
0
4
0
0
5
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Static Pressure (Breeders-Menu 9, Broilers-Menu 8)
Static pressure controlled air inlets ensure proper distribution and mixing of
fresh outside air with stale inside air. With an optional static pressure sensor, such as the Rotem RPS-1, the AC-2000 will adjust the air inlets for
proper ventilation.
Menu 8 has the main static pressure settings. There are eleven adjustable parameters with the following purposes:
1. Low Outside Temperature 20÷F. During cold conditions, higher
pressure results in better mixing of outside air with inside air. This
temperature setting specifies the temperature at which the low temperature pressure set point is in effect. The AC-2000 will interpolate
between the low and high settings.
2. Low Temperature Pressure Set Point, 0.08 inches of water column.
3. High Outside Temperature, 70÷F. Higher air flow through larger
openings (lower pressure) during hot conditions improves conditions.
This temperature setting specifies the temperature at which the high
temperature pressure set point is in effect.
4. High Temperature Pressure Set Point, 0.05 inches of water column.
5. Low Pressure Alarm, 0.00 inches of water column.
6. High Pressure Alarm, 0.20 inches of water column.
7. Open Run Time, 5 Seconds. This sets the maximum length of open
run time to reduce the pressure
8. Close Run Time, 5 Seconds. You can set different open and close
run times.
9. Run Delay, 10 Seconds. This is the delay after an open or close run
to allow the house time to stabilize after a change in pressure setting. This delay allows for stabilization. System variable 31 is a start
up delay. It sets the time for validating a pressure change to prevent
reacting to wind gusts.
10. Hysteresis, 0.02 inches of water column. This sets the total dead
band about the set point, in which the does not adjust the inlets.
¾ The defaults are all “0”
The following system variables (menu 97) affect the static pressure
system:
1. System variable 28, units: selects millibars, inches of water column
or Pascal as the pressure unit.
2. System variable 29, interlock: stops the fans during operation of the
inlets. This is useful in the case of a curtain inlet that cannot move
under static pressure.
3. System variable 30, minimum ventilation level for low-pressure
alarm: disables the low-pressure alarm for low ventilation levels.
4. System variable 31, start delay, forces a minimum delay before responding to changes in static pressure readings. The AC-2000
bypasses this delay during ventilation level changes and when it
turns the group fans on or off.
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AC-2000 PLUS
5. System variable 26, alarm message delay: prevents momentary
pressure loss from opening doors, and high pressure pulses due to
wind gusts, from setting off nuisance alarms.
Foggers Table, Menu 9 (Broilers only!!)
Line
No.
1
2
3
4
5
From
Time
09:00
09:00
09:00
12:30
00:00
To
Time
21:30
21:30
21:30
16:00
00:00
From
Temp
27.7
28.8
30
32.2
00.0
To %RH
On (Min)
Off (Min)
85.0
85.0
82.5
75.0
00.0
1
1
1
1
0
10
5
2
0
0
The Foggers Table regulates the fogging system. Before considering the Foggers table, the temperature must exceed the present cooling
temperature (from menu 1).
Consider line 2, in the Foggers table above. Between 9:00 AM and
9:30 PM, if the temperature is above both the cool set point and 28.8°C,
and the humidity below 85.0%, the Fogger relay could cycle one minute on
and five minutes off. When multiple lines apply, the AC-2000 uses the
highest numbered line possible.
Note: the AC-2000 automatically sorts the table in order of ‘From
Temperature’ after you enter the data.
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MANAGEMENT
Mortality, Menu 11
Add Mortality
0
Daily Sum
12
Enter mortality counts to keep the flock count current. Enter at any time of
the day to mortality, and the AC-2000 will total them for daily counts in the
daily line. If you only enter the quantity once per day, you can put it directly
in the daily line.
Mortality, Menu 11 (Breeder Version only!)
Female mortality
0
Daily female
6
Male mortality
0
Daly male
6
Enter female/male mortality counts to keep the flock count current. Enter at
any time of the day a male/ female mortality, and the AC-2000 will total
them for daily counts in the daily line. If you only enter the quantity once
per day, you can put it directly in the daily line.
Poultry Count, Menu 12
Initial chicks
10,000
Updated count
9988
Enter the bird population when you receive a new flock. As you enter daily
mortality counts, the AC-2000 will maintain your estimated bird population
under updated count. The feeding system (menu 6) uses these numbers
for restricted feeding schedules. Note: if the poultry count becomes zero,
the feeding system will automatically stop operation.
Feed Inventory, Menu 13
Feed supply
1000
Feed inventory
5000
The AC-2000 provides a convenient feed inventory. Each time feed arrives; enter the quantity in the top line, feed supply. The bottom line, feed
inventory, shows the feed remaining. Edit this quantity to reconcile the inventory when necessary.
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Eggs Inventory, Menu 14 (Breeder Version only!)
Add eggs
Daily eggs
Add hatching
Daly hatching
200
200
0
0
Enter Egg counts to the add eggs line at any time of the day, and the AC2000 will total them in the daily egg counts line. Do the same for hatchings.
If you only enter the quantity once per day, you can put it directly in the
daily line.
Time & Growth Day, Menu 15
The internal clock uses a precision crystal, and should rarely need adjusting. Various functions, such as the cooling table and the curtain position
calibration function use the internal clock. The time is in 24-hour format.
Edit the growth day for the present flock if needed. Normally the new flock
function, menu 16, sets it. The growth day works with the ventilation tables
to change the settings as your birds grow.
Day Of Cycle is the feed cycle day. The number set here is the first feed
cycle day and if changed the cycle will begin again from this day.
Flock Number, Menu 16
Menu 15 shows the flock number. This number keeps the management
information for each group separate in your personal computer.
New Flock, Menu 17
Answer 1 for yes, or 0 for no, to have the AC-2000 start a new growth cycle, and erase the old management data. The AC-2000 will start over
using the ventilation settings for growth day 1, and collect new management data for the new flock.
Alarm Reset, Menu 18
This item clears the alarm relay for an active alarm. It may be difficult to concentrate on working the problem when the alarm siren sounds
continually; turn it off with menu 17.
Alarm Test, Menu 19
You can set an arbitrary time and period for the alarm to activate.
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HISTORICAL DATA
Temperature, Menu 21
Day
*
20
21
*
Today
Min.
*
70.3
70.2
*
70.0
Avg.
*
74.1
73.2
*
72.0
Max.
*
79.5
75.0
*
74.0
Review the minimum, average and maximum temperature history from
growth day 1 to the current growth day with menu 21. The control calculates a true continuous average over the whole 24-hour period for each
day, not simply one half of minimum plus maximum. These temperatures
are from the average of the zone sensors.
Humidity, Menu 22
The AC-2000 records the minimum, average and maximum humidity history from growth day 1 to the current growth day. As with temperature, the
control calculates a true continuous average over the whole 24-hour period
using the average of the zone humidity sensors.
Scales, Menu 23
Day
*
20
*
today
Avg.
*
1.234
*
*
Count
*
58
*
*
S.D.
*
0.023
*
*
Menu 23 shows the bird weight history if you have one or two optional bird
scales. For each growth day, the AC-2000 shows the average weight, the
number of birds weighed, and the standard deviation. If you have two
scales, the display first shows the combined statistics. Use the right key to
observe the female data and another time to watch the male data. The
up/down arrow keys move forward and backward through the growth days.
Using the communication software, it is possible to view uniformity.
Water Consumption, Menu 24
Menu 24 shows the daily water consumption, with percent change from the
previous day for each growth day. Use the up/down arrow keys to move
forward or backward to see other growth days.
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Feed Consumption, Menu 25
Menu 25 shows the daily feed consumption, with percent change from the
previous day for each growth day. Use the up/down arrow keys to move
forward or backward to see other growth days.
Alarms, Menu 26
Code
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
14
15
16
Alarm
Low Temperature
High Temperature
Sensor Failure, Zone A
Sensor Failure, Zone B
Sensor Failure, Zone C
Feeder overtime
Low Static Pressure
High Static Pressure
Water Overtime
Water shortage
Ammonia Level
Incompatible card
Static Pressure Sensor Fail
The AC-2000 stores the last 99 alarm events with the growth date, time
and alarm code. Use menu 26 to view them. The Alarm Codes table
shows the meaning of each alarm code.
Menu 18 allows you to clear the alarm relay, relay code 40. You can
clear the alarm relay to silence the alarm siren or bell, while you work on
the problem.
Mortality, Menu 27
Menu 27 allows you to review the mortality history. The AC-2000
shows the present growth day data first. To view other growth days, use
the up and down arrow keys.
Heaters, Menu 28
Menu 28 shows the on time for the low level heaters in each zone.
The values are in minutes for each growth day. Note that the AC-2000
maintains heater on times only for heaters with relay codes 9, 11 and 13. If
you run your heaters with other relay codes, their time will not be recorded.
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Eggs, Menu 29 (Breeder Version only!)
Day
1
2
3
Egg
98
150
102
Accumulate
98
248
350
Hatch
0
0
3
Accumulate
0
0
3
This table shows the historical egg count and egg hatch.
TEST
Temperature, Menu 31
Menu 31 shows the individual readings of the temperature sensors.
The AC-2000 averages the zone sensors (see Sensor Layout, menu 94) to
determine the house temperature for ventilation.
A disconnected sensor shows DIS.
A Shorted sensor shows SHR.
Humidity, Menu 32
Menu 32 shows the individual humidity readings of each humidity
sensor. If using a static pressure sensor, then the voltage from it will show
on display as an equivalent humidity. See Analog Inputs, menu 35.
Relays, Menu 33
Turn any individual relay on or off by moving the cursor to the relay
number and pressing the enter key. The AC-2000 will automatically reset
and return to normal operation mode after a delay if no keys are being
pressed. Note: see Manual Relay Operation in the installation section for
a method of extending manual relay operation to arbitrarily long times.
Digital Inputs, Menu 34
Input 1 is for either wind direction, or a feed overtime alarm. Input 2
is for the feed pulse system. The displayed values will show the open or
shorted state on the input.
Analog Inputs, Menu 35
Menu 35 shows the humidity/static pressure analog inputs. The values shown represent the internal digital numbers used by the AC-2000.
The AC-2000 calculates actual values using calibration factors and other
formulas for humidity or static pressure.
•
The (p) column displays the A/D values of the internal pressure sensor and not on the analog inputs.
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Analog Output, Menu 36
The analog output controls a variable speed fan and a light dimmer and it will activate them both in the same time. Enter the approximate output voltage using this
menu to check the variable speed fan and the light dimmer.
Water Pulse, Menu 37
This input is dedicated to water meter use. Menu 37 shows the current pulse
count, and should change if water is flowing.
Scales, Menu 38
This menu allows testing the scales. Place a known weight on the scale; the value will
show in the display.
Note: the internal algorithms that check for stable bird weights may cause the tare to
reset while weighing multiple birds. This will not cause the readings to be off since the
AC-2000 keeps track of the number of birds on the scale. The display will change after a
brief delay, when a bird gets off, or a new one gets on. If the bird remains stable on the
scale, the display will change to zero. Then, if it comes off the scale, the display will
show the negative value of its weight.
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CALIBRATION
Temperature, Menu 41
Check and calibrate each temperature sensor with menu 41. To calibrate, stabilize the
sensors at a known temperature, then enter that temperature. Note that the calibration
base value is fixed upon entering menu 41; therefore, do not enter menu 41 until after
the sensors are at a stable known temperature. The AC-2000 will calculate the
calibration factor. The sensors are frequently accurate to within about 2÷F as they come
from the factory.
Instead of measuring air temperature for calibration, it may be simpler to measure
the temperature of a pail of water. Air temperature changes rapidly in small
regions by several degrees as air currents move, making calibration difficult.
Ensure the water temperature is near ambient air temperature to prevent warm up
or cool down while calibrating. Also, stir the water while measuring it to eliminate
hotter and cooler regions. Note that the calibration is precise only at the
calibration temperature. Errors tend to increase as the temperature deviates from
the calibration temperature.
Humidity, Menu 42
To calibrate the humidity sensors simply measure the current humidity using an
external independent sensor and change the humidity level in the controller to
match the independent sensor.
A disconnected sensor will show DIS. and a shorted one will show SHR.
The factor value is automatic and cannot be changed.
Scales, Menu 43
Calibrate the bird scales with menu 43. While keeping the scale empty (no
birds on it), enter menu 43, and select the scale to calibrate. Allow at least five
seconds to give the AC-2000 time to zero the scale then place a known weight of
at least 100gr on the scale and enter that weight. The display will now show the
entered weight. Remove the weight, and ignore the values in the display. The
scale will be calibrated.
Exit menu 43, and the scale will weigh birds; the display shows internal
working values rather than actual weights while weighing birds. The program for
the scale keeps track of the number of birds on the scale, and may show positive
or negative changes in weight in the display. It will not log a reading while the
birds are moving, to prevent erroneous measurements.
An inexpensive method of obtaining an accurate calibration weight is
to weigh a grocery item at the grocery store using their calibrated, legal for
trade, scales. Then use this weight to check and calibrate the scales.
(Minimum weight for calibration is a 100 gr. But it’s recommended to use
more then a kg.)
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Scales Factor, Menu 44
To eliminate the need for a precise known calibration weight, Rotem
calibrates the scale platforms prior to shipment. Simply enter the calibration number from the platform, using menu 44.
In menu 44 there are 2 poles: FACTOR-The calibration number
which refers to the first and second plate.
The second pole is REFERENCE: This pole refers to the reference
weight at the moment, first row for females and second row for males. (Impossible to change manually)
Feed Pulse Ratio, Menu 45
To calibrate the feed delivery measurement system, first select a
pulse based system, or time based system. Then enter the pounds of feed
delivered per pulse or per minute, depending on the type of system, with
menu 45.
Water Pulse Ratio, Menu 46
Enter the quantity that the water meter measures per pulse with
menu 46. Refer to your water meter instructions for this value.
Defining '0' will disable all water alarms, Bothe shortage and overflow.
TROUBLE SHOOTING GUIDE
This guide touches the most common problems. It is not a complete guide.
1.
Check for unusual symptoms:
1.1. Temperature too high or too low.
1.2. Heater working with curtain open or a high ventilation level.
1.3. Fans not working when they should be.
1.4. Ventilation Level too high (for young birds).
1.5. Curtains moving in the wrong direction.
1.6. Fogging or Cooling Pad operation on a humid day.
1.7. Heaters working unevenly, one or more working significantly more time.
2.
Make quick checks of your sensors. Are they reading correctly? Have the
birds destroyed a sensor?
3.
Verify the minimum/maximum tables. The control will not use lower or
higher ventilation levels if they are not allowed in these tables
4.
Use the relay test function (menu 33) to temporarily see if the individual fan
groups, curtains, etc. go on and off. It is very convenient to have these written
down on a card by the control. If they don’t work, have a service person check the
fuses, circuit breakers and equipment for failure.
5.
Check the relay code tables, to make sure they are correct.
6.
Check the sensor layout menu, and verify that the sensors are in the
correct location.
7.
If you still have problems after these checks:
7.1. Call your serviceman, farm manager or distributor.
7.2. Call your local Rotem Dealer for Technical Help.
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Poultry House Control
7.3.
Rev:1.5
If they can’t help you, call your Rotem sales representative.
35
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AC-2000 PLUS
Factory Reset
To return all the data tables and settings in the control to factory
fresh settings, follow this procedure.
1. Turn off power to the control.
2. Press and hold the four corner keys (7, MENU, ALT and ENTER).
3. While holding the four corner keys, turn power on to the control.
4. Hold the four corner keys briefly until ‘cold start’ appears in the display.
5. Reenter all values and tables into the control.
Installation and Configuration
91
92
93
94
96
97
98
Configuration
Ventilation Levels
Relay Layout
Sensor Layout
Setup Curtains
System Variables
Password
The installation menus are not shown on the front panel of the control.
They are not used in the day-to-day operation of the control, but only during
initial installation. To get to these menus from the default display, press
MENU, and then enter the menu number from the Installation Menu.
Installation
Install the AC-2000 in a dry well lighted area, preferably in an annex
to the main poultry house. Mount it using the three holes provided…one in
each of the left and right lower corners, accessible from the front under the
terminal strip cover, and one top center in the back. The top center hole is
a keyhole variety. Install the screw for this hole first to about 0.1 inches of
the wall surface. Then hang the control on this screw. Install the other two
screws to fasten the AC-2000 securely.
Always connect the temperature and sensor shields to the earth
ground. However, do not connect communication wire shields, which go
from one house to another at both ends. Connect them at one end only.
Connection at both ends can cause ground loop currents to flow, which
reduce reliability. Note: the COM connection for communications is not
the shield wire. The COM, RX and TX wires must connect to each other at
all AC-2000 controls.
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Poultry House Control
Avoid mixing high voltage wiring with sensor and low voltage wiring.
Keep the AC-2000 as far as possible from heavy contactor boxes and other
sources of electrical interference.
Configuration, Menu 91
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
The first item on the installation menu is Configuration, menu 91. This
menu governs the following items:
Communications baud rate (1200, 2400, 4800 or 9600) for hookup to a
personal computer or modem.
Maximum number of ventilation levels to use. The AC-2000 supports up to 20
ventilation levels. However, limiting this to a smaller number simplifies the
ventilation table.
Variable speed fan. To display variable speed fan settings in the ventilation
table, menu 92, enter a ‘1’ here. Enter a ‘0’ to have the AC-2000 show on/off
timer settings.
First tunnel level. When using tunnel ventilation, enter the ventilation level (in
accordance with the ventilation level and curtain level tables) at which the
system starts tunnel ventilation.
Number of heating zones. The AC-2000 can control up to three separate
heating zones. For just one zone, the average temperature controls the
heaters. If you have two or more zones, the assigned sensors control the
heaters in each zone (menu 94).
Automatic continuous temperature adjustment. The AC-2000 uses precisely
the values entered in the temperature tables for each growth period if this is
‘0’. For automatic interpolation between these entries, enter a ‘1’.
Barn Number. This identifies the particular barn for the home personal
computer. Use a unique number for each AC-2000 to permit the communication program to identify each one.
Curtain opening and closing times. Enter the number of seconds it takes the
curtains to go from fully closed to fully open, and from fully open to fully
closed for each curtain. The AC-2000 uses this value to calculate the run
time for each curtain when it moves them.
Tunnel curtain opening and closing times.
Ventilation Table, Menu 92
The AC-2000 turns on increasing fan power as ventilation needs increase. The increases should be proportional from level to level. This means
that the ventilation increases about 50% to 100% at each level. If at level one a
single fan on timer at 0.5 minutes on, 4.5 minutes off, changes at level 2 to 1.0
minutes on, 4.0 minutes off, there is a 100% increase. At a much higher level,
say at ventilation level 15, an increase from 4 fans to 6 fans represents a 50%
increase in fan power. Please review the example ventilation tables for this
principle.
The ventilation table, menu 92, defines the fan powered ventilation levels
for the poultry house. This includes variable speed, timer and on/off fans for up
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AC-2000 PLUS
to 20 levels of ventilation. At each ventilation level, a cycle timer can run the
highest numbered fan group used at that level. With no values in the timer on
and off fields, or only an off time or only an on time, the AC-2000 defaults to
constant on operation.
Because of limited display size, the AC-2000 shows only the on-off
timer, or the variable speed setting at each level. Menu 91, item 4 selects
which the AC-2000 shows. However, both settings remain correctly in
memory.
Since air movement provides a cooling effect, the AC-2000 provides
a temperature differential at each level. This is particularly important in
tunnel ventilation, where the cooling effect can be –12c. The AC-2000 will
wait until the target temperature plus the differential before using that ventilation level.
Note: the ventilation table coordinates with the curtain table. For
natural ventilation, one should regard the curtain table as part of the ventilation table: the two tables together are one larger table.
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Relay Layout, Menu 93
Relay Code Table
Code
Description
1 through 8
9, 10
11, 12
13, 14
15, 16, 17
Ventilation Group 1 through 8
Zone A Heat: Low, High
Zone B Heat: Low, High
Zone C Heat: Low, High
Zone A Radiant Heat: Low, High, Ignition
Zone B Radiant Heat: Low, High, Ignition
Zone C Radiant Heat: Low, High, Ignition
Cooling System
Lighting System
Feeding System
Curtain 1: Open, Close
Curtain 2: Open, Close
Extra Systems 1 through 3
Circulation Fans
Positive Pressure Optimizer: Burner,
Fan
Static Pressure Air Inlet: Open, Close
Fogger
Alarm
Tunnel open/close
Curtain 3: Open, Close
Curtain 4: Open, Close
18, 19, 20
21, 22, 23
24
25
26
27, 28
29, 30
31, 32, 33
34
35, 36
37, 38
39
40
42, 43
45, 46
47, 48
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AC-2000 PLUS
Select menu 93 for relay layout. There
Relay
Code
are twelve relays inside the AC-2000, and
1
1
there may be additional relay extensions. All
2
2
the relays are numbered sequentially. Assign3
3
ing the relay code to each relay causes it to
4
4
assume the particular function. Simply chang5
25
ing the relay code changes the function of the
6
26
relay.
7
etc
Each relay may work normally or re8
versed using the NO/NC field. Most relays
9
should be set to normal. The alarm output,
10
code 40, should usually be normally closed so
11
that the alarm activates on a power failure. In
12
40
normally closed mode, the AC-2000 turns the
13
37
relay on to turn the function off, and releases
Etc
the relay to turn the function on. Usually, relay
12 is the alarm relay since it provides both
20
0
normally open and normally closed contacts.
With the extension box, relay 20 can serve as an alarm relay instead of
relay 12.
Manual Relay Operation
Any relay with a code of ‘0’ is not part of the automatic system.
However, it will follow the NO/NC (Normally Open, Normally Closed) specification. To turn it on manually (for an extended time, as for installing and
for trouble shooting) simply specify code 0, and set NO/NC to 1. To turn it
off manually, set NO/NC to 0.
This method has the advantage that the AC-2000 will not reset and
return it to automatic operation, as it does with test menu 33. It permits the
installer as much time as needed to check wiring and electrical connections
with the relay in a known position. Note: return the relay code to the correct function, so that the AC-2000 can operate it properly.
Relay Record
A permanent record of relay assignments on a small card at the AC2000 provides important information for servicing. By referring to the card,
the service person can quickly test the correct output and identify problems.
Of course, written records of circuit breaker assignments, manual override
switches, and other connection information should also be available.
Sensor Layout, Menu 94
The AC-2000 supports up to three heating zones, each with individual heaters. The average of the zones determines the overall house
temperature for the ventilation system. Menu 94 assigns particular sensors
to the heating zones for temperature, humidity, and static pressure. It also
assigns outside sensors.
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NO/NC
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
ROTEM
Poultry House Control
Note: For half or third house brood, set up the zones to prevent averaging in the grow end sensor. If the cold grow end sensor averages with your
heated zones, it causes the house temperature to read too cold. This does not
affect the heating, since the heaters use the individual zone sensors. However,
the ventilation may be incorrect and historical data may show incorrect temperatures since the grown end sensor may have a much different temperature.
‘Extra’ systems (relay codes 31, 32 and 33), or positive pressure optimizer, if set
to average temperature, might work incorrectly.
Radiant heaters used as brooders can have their own dedicated sensors.
These do not affect the average temperature reading. If a static pressure sensor
is used, it must be connected to one of the analog inputs in place of a humidity
sensor.
1. Temperature Zone Sensors A, B and C. Install on any of temperature inputs, 1
through 6. When partial house brooding, reduce the number of zones to exclude
sensors not in the brood area. Otherwise, sensors in the grow end will cause
erroneous readings.
2. Outside Temperature Sensor. Install one of the temperature inputs, 1 through
6. Ensure that the outside sensor has protection from direct sun, and hot air
currents from the poultry house. Proper placement and shielding is important to
successful outside temperature measurement.
3. Humidity Zone Sensors A, B and C. Install on any analog inputs, 1 through 3.
4. Outside Humidity Sensor. Install on one of the analog inputs, 1 through 3.
5. Static Pressure Sensor. Install on one of the analog input 1 to 3. 4 is for
internal pressure sensor
Curtain Table, Menu 95
Enter minimum opening percentage for each curtain.
The curtain table defines curtain levels for up to five curtains (4 natural & 1 tunnel curtains) at natural ventilation levels.
When in natural mode the tunnel curtain will operate as a natural curtain.
When entering tunnel ventilation mode, only the tunnel curtain operates according to static pressure.
Exhaust fans may cause curtains to cling to the wiring mesh. For this reason,
system variable 23 can allow the AC-2000 turn off the fans (all eight groups) if
the curtains need to move at small openings. System variable 29 enables a
static pressure/curtain movement interlock in case a curtain (relay codes 37 and
38) controls static pressure. The AC-2000 can then turn off the fans while adjusting the curtain to achieve the desired static pressure.
System Variables, Menu 97
1. Hysteresis, Target Temperature. This sets the dead band above target temperature. The ventilation level increases at the target temperature plus the hysteresis,
and decreases at the target temperature. Factory default is 1.0÷F.
2. Ventilation levels increase time delay. This sets the minimum delay when
increasing temperatures cause higher ventilation. Factory default is 3.0 minutes.
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AC-2000 PLUS
Since the AC-2000 may detect a drop in temperature, when above the set point,
the actual ventilation increase is usually a little more than the minimum setting.
3. Ventilation levels decrease time delay. This sets the minimum delay when
decreasing temperatures cause lower ventilation. Factory default is 1.0 minute.
4. Maximum ventilation level with average temperature less than cooling set point.
This sets the maximum ventilation level the control will use at any time the temperature is below the cooling set point. It is a convenient way of limiting the use of extra
ventilation fans to a second set point, namely the cooling temperature. Factory
default is 20.
5. Temperature Offset (differential) above target temperature for tunnel mode exit.
This sets the degrees above target temperature that the AC-2000 may leave tunnel
ventilation, once it has entered tunnel mode. Factory default is 0.0÷F.
6. Not Used.
7. Relative temperature difference for high temperature alarm. This sets the degrees
above target temperature to generate an alarm. Factory default is 6.0÷F. Note
also system variables 40 and 45.
8. Heater hysteresis. This sets the difference between heater turn on and heater turn
off. Factory default is 0.5÷F. This hysteresis is to the low side of the set point.
9. High Level Heater Hysteresis. This is the relative temperature difference for highlevel heaters, or amount below the heat set temperature to turn on high-level
heaters.
10. Radiant heater ignition time. This sets the length of time the radiant heater ignition
is held on. Factory default is 60 seconds.
11. Relative temperature difference for low temperature alarm. This sets the degrees
below heat temperature to generate an alarm. Factory default is 5.0÷F.
12. Cooling hysteresis. This sets the difference between cooling system turn on and
cooling system turn off temperatures. Factory default is 1.0÷F.
13. Humidity and fresh air treatment main delay duration. Factory default is 5 minutes.
14. Temperature difference for re-circulation fan activation. This sets the temperature
difference between Zone A and Zone B, at which the re-circulation fans turn on.
Factory default is 8.0÷F.
15. Midnight curtain position calibration. A ‘1’ enables midnight curtain calibration, a ‘0’
disables it. The calibration program runs the curtain to the nearest of fully open or
fully closed positions at midnight. The duration of the calibration is the same as the
time taken to go fully open or fully closed, as entered in configuration, menu 91.
16. When resetting an alarm, the message on the main screen st
17. Minimum Variable Speed
18. Maximum Variable Speed
19. Wind direction check period. The AC-2000 can switch curtain tables between
curtains 1 and 2 based on wind direction. This parameter sets the period for
checking average wind direction, before deciding which way the wind is blowing.
Factory default is 30.0 minutes.
20. Zero% light dimmer setting. This variable sets the minimum voltage for light
intensity in the light table. Factory default is 0 volts.
21. Tunnel mode, exit lockout. This variable sets the minimum time the AC-2000 will
stay locked in tunnel after entering tunnel mode. Factory default is 60.0 minutes.
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Poultry House Control
22. 100% light intensity. This setting is the 100% level for light intensity. Factory
default is 10.0 volts.
23. Fans stop for curtain moving at less than this opening. Exhaust fans may create
static pressure pulling the curtains against the house when they are almost closed.
Set the point to which you want the fans to stop when the curtains move. The AC2000 uses the sum of curtain 1 and curtain 2 openings to determine whether to turn
the fans off briefly while moving the curtains. Factory default is 0%.
24. Wind direction/feed overtime alarm input selection. Setting this to 1 makes the
second digital input function as feed overtime alarm input. If it is 0, the second
digital input causes the AC-2000 to use it as a prevailing wind direction indication.
25. Feed overtime alarm delay. Requires activation of the feed overtime alarm (see
system variable 24) by this amount of time, to prevent tripping on short alarms.
Factory default, 0.0 minutes.
26. Alarm output delay. This delay applies to all alarms, except the feed overtime
alarm (See system variables 24 and 25.) Factory default is 0.5 minutes. . The
alarm relay activates after this delay.
27. High Humidity treatment duration. Factory default 1 minute.
28. Pressure units for static pressure option. 0 => millibar, 1 => inches of water
column, 2 => Pascals. Factory default is 1.
29. Static Pressure Interlock. Factory default is no interlock or code ‘0’. A code of ‘1’
turns on the static pressure interlock, which turns off all ventilation groups during
static pressure adjustment.
30. Minimum ventilation level to allow low static pressure alarm. The factory default of
‘1’ allows low static pressure alarms at all ventilation levels.
31. Static Pressure wind gust delay. The factory default of 10 seconds prevents the
static pressure relays from responding due to short wind gusts. See menu 8 for
other parameters related to static pressure operation. Note: the AC-2000 bypasses this delay for ventilation level changes and cycle timer fans, since it knows
that the pressure change is not due to a wind gust.
32. Water over flow alarm level. This sets the water quantity per minute from the water
meter that will trigger an overflow alarm. Factory default is 99. Calibration Menu
45 scales the quantity, so enter the scaled quantity, instead of the number of pulses
from the water meter.
33. Water shortage alarm level. This sets the minimum water quantity per hour that the
AC-2000 must see to prevent generating a water shortage alarm. Note that the
lights must be on during times this alarm can occur. The AC-2000 recognizes that
birds don’t drink in the dark, and disables the alarm during lights out. Factory
default is 0.
34. Water over flow alarm delay. This sets the minimum amount of time that water
overflow must be active before the AC-2000 generates an alarm. Factory default is
10.0 minutes.
35. Water over flow only during dark times.
36. Heater Humidity treatment stop temperature. This sets the number of degrees
above target temperature at which humidity treatment with the heaters stops.
Factory default is 1.0 degree.
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AC-2000 PLUS
37. Heater humidity treatment threshold. This sets the relative amount above
requested humidity at which heater use to reduce humidity begins. Factory default
is 99%, which disables it.
38. Radiation Heater threshold. This is the relative number of degrees above heater
set point, at which the radiant heaters turn on. They stay on for all temperatures
below this. Factory default is 0.
39. Static pressure setting during Tunnel – Value 0 – Control static pressure during
Tunnel mode. Value 0.1 to 10 minutes – No pressure control, and disable low static
pressure when changing between Minimum Ventilation or Natural Ventilation and
Tunnel modes. Air Inlet close relay activates for this time (up to 10 minutes
maximum). Values 11 to 98 minutes default to 10. Value of 99 eliminates lowpressure alarm during Tunnel mode and Air Inlet close relay activates for 10
minutes. If air pressure rises to alarm settings, the inlets (relay code 37) open to
allow in emergency air. Factory Default is 0 minutes.
40. This sets an absolute high temperature alarm point, which remains at the place you
set it. Factory Default is 50ºC.
41. Sunrise/Sunset effect duration. This sets the length of time to change light levels
from one setting to another.
42. This parameter allows an extra delay during light up. At lights up there will be this
delay time to ignore water overflow.
43. Selection to turn off feed relays for feed overtime alarm. A ‘1’ means yes, a ‘0’
means no.
44. Static Pressure inlet advance. This is the number of seconds prior to turning on
fans that the inlets will begin to open when fans cycle according to the ventilation
table settings. It is significant for minimum ventilation settings, where a total run
time of 0.5 minutes might not allow the inlets to get open and set before the fans
turn off again.
45. This option instructions the AC-2000 to consider the ventilation level temperature
differential in the relative high temperature alarm setting. The alarm will occur at
the target temperature plus the current ventilation level differential temperature plus
system variable 7. If you leave this at zero (no level differential option) the high
temperature alarm occurs at target temperature plus system variable 7. Warning:
if there is no airflow in the house, the temperature differential from Menu 92 will
cause the alarm temperature to be higher than normal. This can result in bird loss;
use this option only with adequate back up and other means to ensure adequate air
flow at all times.
46. Upper range: High weight, above which, do not allow scale to enter.
47. Lower range: Low weight, below which, do not allow scale to enter.
These 2 parameters are entered in order to avoid illegal weightings.
For example: a few birds at a time.
48. Tare Sensitivity, 0-A/D to 99-A/D: This parameter set the number of + and - A/D
reading required for taking the Tare before taking a new weighing. Increasing this
value will allow taking Tare and a weight for unstable hanging platform but accuracy
will decrease because of that. (A/D reading)
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Poultry House Control
49. Weighing Sensitivity, 0%to 100%: Maximum weight sampling difference allowed
(In%) during weighing Process, to be considered as legal weight for memory
registration. Higher value will accelerate weighing speed but may reduce accuracy.
50. Weight Start Time (0-24).
51. Weight End Time (0-24).
52. Feeding Day Cycle.
53. Temperature change that will be considered as a fast drop in temperature, in order
to reduce a level when the temperature inside is below target temperature and it’s
cold outside. (Outside temp. is colder than heat temp. or there is no outside
temperature sensor)
54. Temperature change that will be considered as a fast drop in temperature, in order
to reduce a level when the temperature inside is above target temperature and it’s
cold outside. (Outside temp. is colder than heat temp. or there is no outside
temperature sensor)
Password, Menu 98
To protect the integrity of the AC-2000 settings, use a password.
For the communications programs to access all the AC-2000 controls on
one line, they will need to have the same password. You can enter a high
password to provide complete access, and/or a low password that allows
reading the control but not making changes.
Lightning Protection
Because of the potential for lightning damage to electronic devices,
Rotem recommends the use of lightning protection on both the power supply, and the communication terminals, if used.
Power Line Protection
The Rotem RPLP-1 provides lightning protection to the AC-2000.
Refer to the RPLP-1 documentation for proper connection. While no lightning protection is perfect, the RPLP-1 significantly enhances the reliability
of the built in lightning protection. In addition, Rotem recommends the use
of an isolation transformer in front of the RPLP-1 to help block lightning and
other transients. Note: common surge protectors provide little additional
protection, and may trip unnecessarily.
An isolation transformer preceding the RPLP-1 can also help significantly against lightning.
Communication Line Protection
The Rotem RCLP-1 provides lightning protection to the communication lines of the AC-2000. Refer to the RCLP-1 documentation for proper
connection. While no lightning protection is perfect, the RCLP-1 significantly enhances the reliability of the built in lightning protection. Common
surge protectors provide little additional protection, and should not be used
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AC-2000 PLUS
with the AC-2000 because of the potential to interfere with communications.
Installation Records
Temperature Table, Menu 1
Line
Growth
Day
Target
Heat
Cool
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Minimum-Maximum Table, Menu 2
Line Growth Day Minimum
Level
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Rev:1.5
46
Maximum
Level
ROTEM
Poultry House Control
Cooling Table, Menu 4
Line
From
Time
To
Time
Above
Temp
Below
%RH
ON Minutes
OFF
Minutes
1
2
3
4
5
Lighting Table, Menu 5
Line
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
Day
Rev:1.5
From Time
To Time
47
Intensity - %
ROTEM
Line
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
AC-2000 PLUS
Day
Rev:1.5
From Time
To Time
48
Intensity - %
ROTEM
Poultry House Control
Feeding Table, Menu 6
Line
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
From Time
To Time
Quantity/Bird
Extra Systems, Menu 7
Line
From
Time
To
Time
Above
Temp
Below
Temp
ON
Time
OFF
Time
Sensor
1
2
3
Static Pressure, Menu 8
Item
Low Temperature
Low Temperature Pressure Setting
High Temperature
High Temperature Pressure Setting
Low Pressure Alarm
High Pressure Alarm
Open Run Time (Seconds)
Close Run Time (Seconds)
Delay Between Runs (Seconds)
Hysteresis
Rev:1.5
49
Default
14.0÷F
0
14.0÷F
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Value
ROTEM
AC-2000 PLUS
Configuration, Menu 91
Item
Celsius or Fahrenheit
Communications Baud Rate
Ventilation Levels
Variable Speed Fan
First Tunnel Level
Heating Zones
Automatic Temperature Ramping
Barn Number
Curtain 1 Open Time
Curtain 1 Close Time
Curtain 2 Open Time
Curtain 2 Close Time
Curtain 3 Open Time
Curtain 3 Close Time
Curtain 4 Open Time
Curtain 4 Close Time
Rev:1.5
50
Default
F (1)
2400
20
No (0)
None (0)
1
No (0)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Value
ROTEM
Poultry House Control
Ventilation & Curtain Level: Menu 92, Menu 95
Level
Fans,
Groups of Fans
Cycle
Time
On Off
Temp
Diff.
Var %
Curtain %
Open
1 2 3 4
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
Note: The AC-2000 uses ventilation resources available to keep the set temperatures. There is no level-to-level differential drift, as there is with some leveled controllers.
For example, some ten-level controllers will drift 2.0÷F per level, or 20.0÷F from level 1 to
10. The AC-2000 maintains the target temperatures, and shifts to higher energy saving set
temperatures at precise points (System variable 4).
However, you may also set temperature differentials for each level
as desired. Use this to account for the cooling effects of air speed in tunnel
ventilation and ventilation system costs. For example, full tunnel ventilation
provides about 10÷F of cooling, calling for a 10÷F temperature differential.
Otherwise, the birds may be over cooled or over ventilated.
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Relay Layout, Menu 93
Relay
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
Code NO/NC
Description
Note: The alarm relay (typically relay 12 or 20) can provide a power failure
alarm if it is set to normally closed (NC).
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Sensor Layout, Menu 94
Description
Temperature Zone A
Temperature Zone B
Temperature Zone C
Radiation Heater Zone A
Radiation Heater Zone B
Radiation Heater Zone C
Radiation Heater Zone D
Outside Temperature
Humidity Zone A
Humidity Zone B
Humidity Zone C
Outside Humidity
Static Pressure
Ammonia
Sensor
Extra Curtains, Menu 95
Curtain
Sensor
Run Time (Seconds)
1
2
3
4
5
6
Note: If Sensor is ‘0’, the curtain uses the average temperature.
Note: System variable 2 controls minimum delay between opening runs.
System variable 3 controls minimum delay between closing runs.
Note: Extra curtains close in tunnel mode.
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AC-2000 PLUS
System Variables, Menu 97
Var. Description
Default
1
Target Temperature Hysteresis (Degrees).
2
3
4
5
Ventilation Level Increase, Time Delay (Minutes).
Ventilation Level Decrease, Time Delay (Minutes).
Max Ventilation Level Below Cooling Temp.
Tunnel Mode Exit, Amount Above Target
(Degrees).
Out Temperature As Diff. Above Target Temp. To Allow
Tunnel Mode Exit (Degrees).
High Temp Alarm, Amount Above Target
(Degrees).
Low Level Heater Hysteresis, Amount Below Heat Set
Temperature (Degrees).
High Level Heater Hysteresis, Amount Below Heat Set
Temperature (Degrees).
Radiant Heater Ignition Time (Sec).
Low Temp Alarm, Amount Below Heat
(Degrees).
Cooling Hysteresis (Degrees).
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
Humidity Treatment Main Delay (Minutes).
Zone A, B Temp Diff for Re-circulation Fan
(Degrees).
Midnight Curtain Calibration Enable:
0 = No.
1 = Yes.
Delay time for coming back from alarm reset
Output Voltage At 0 % Variable Speed Power.
Output Voltage At 100 % Variable Speed Power.
Wind Direction Averaging Period (Minutes).
Output Voltage At 0% Light intensity.
Tunnel Mode Exit Lockout Time (Minutes).
Output Voltage At 100 % Light intensity.
Minimum Curtains 1+2 Opening for
Group Fans Run (%).
Wind Direction Or Feed Overtime Alarm Selection:
0 = Wind Direction.
1 = Feed Overtime Alarm.
Feed Overtime Alarm Delay (Minutes).
Alarm Relay Output Delay (Minutes).
Humidity Treatment Duration (Minutes).
Rev:1.5
54
0.5 Cº
0.9 Fº
3.0
1.0
20
0.0
Range
4.0 Cº
7.2 Fº
0.5 Cº
0.9 Fº
2.0 Cº
3.6 Fº
60
3.0 Cº
5.4 Fº
0.5 Cº
0.9 Fº
5.0
5.0 Cº
9.0 Fº
1
0.3 - 20.0 Cº
0.5 - 36.0 Fº
0.2 - 10.0 Min.
0.2 - 10.0 Min.
0 - 20 Levels
0.0 - 20.0 Cº
0.0 - 36.0 Fº
0.0 - 20.0 Cº
0.0 - 36.0 Fº
0.0 - 20.0 Cº
0.0 - 36.0 Fº
0.3 - 20.0 Cº
0.5 - 36.0 Fº
0.0 - 20.0 Cº
0.0 - 36.0 Fº
0 - 99 Sec.
0.0 - 20.0 Cº
0.0 - 36.0 Fº
0.3 - 20.0 Cº
0.5 - 36.0 Fº
0.0 - 99.9 Min.
0.3 - 20.0 Cº
0.5 - 36.0 Fº
0-1
30
3.0
10.0
30.0
0.0
60.0
10.0
0.0
0-99Min
0.0 - 10.0 V out
0.0 - 10.0 V out
0.0 - 99.9 Min.
0.0 - 10.0 V out
0.0 - 99.9 Min.
0.0 - 10.0 V out
0.0 - 99.9 %.
0.0
0
0.0
0.5
1.0
0-1
0.0 - 99.9 Min.
0.0 - 99.9 Min.
0.0 - 99.9 Min.
ROTEM
28
Poultry House Control
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
Pressure Units:
0 = Millibar.
1 = Inch Water.
2 = Pascal.
3 = Cm. Water.
4 = Mm. Water.
Static Pressure Interlock (Group Fans Off During Pressure Adjustment):
No = 0.
Yes = 1.
Minimum Level for Low Static Pressure Alarm
Static Pressure Wind Gust Delay (Seconds).
Water Overflow Alarm Quantity per Minute (Units).
Water Shortage Alarm Quantity per Hour (Units).
Water Overflow Alarm Delay (Minutes).
Water overflow during dark (Quantity per Hour)
Humidity Treatment, Heater Use Limit (Degrees).
37
38
Humidity Treatment, Heater Use Humidity Start Point.
Radiation Heater, Set Point Above Heat. (Degrees)
39
Natural/Tunnel mode change, low-pressure alarm disables (Minutes).
Absolute High Temperature Alarm (Degrees).
29
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
Sunrise/Sunset Duration (Minutes).
Delay time to ignore water overflow At sunrise
Enable Feed Shutoff if Feed Overtime Alarm:
No = 0, Yes = 1.
Air Inlet Open Advance (Seconds).
Level Differential High Temp Alarm Option
(Degrees).
Percentage Above Reference Weight (%).
Percentage Below Reference Weight (%).
Tare Sensitivity (A/D).
Weighing Sensitivity (%)
Birds Weighing Start Time. (Daytime).
Birds Weighing End Time. (Daytime).
Feed Cycle Length Limitation. (Days).
Temp Change To Be Considered As Quick Drop In Degrees, To Reduce A Level To Reach Below
Target Temp (Degrees).
Temp Change To Be Considered As Quick Drop In Degrees, To Reduce A Level To Reach Above
Target Temp (Degrees).
Rev:1.5
55
1
(Inch
Water)
0-4
0
0-1
1
10
99
0
10.0
0
1.0 Cº
1.8 Fº
99.9
0.0
3.0
0 - 20 Levels
0 - 99 Sec.
0 - 99 Units.
0 - 99 Units.
0.0 - 99.9 Min.
0-99 Units
0.0 - 20.0 Cº
0.0 - 36.0 Fº
0.0 - 99.9 %.
0.0 - 20.0 Cº
0.0 - 36.0 Fº
0.0 - 99.9 Min.
50.0 Cº
122.0 Fº
1.0
10
0
0.0 - 50 Cº
32.0 - 122.0 Fº
0.0 - 99.9 Min.
0.0-99.9Min.
0-1
6
0.0
30.0
30.0
12
3.0
0.0
24.0
7
0.5 Cº
0.9 Fº
0 - 99 Sec.
0.0 - 20.0 Cº
0.0 - 36.0 Fº
0.0 - 99.9 %.
0.0 - 99.9 %.
0 - 99 A/D
0.0 - 99.9 %.
0.0 - 24.0 (Hours)
0.0 - 24.0 (Hours)
1 - 7 Days
0.3 - 20.0 Cº
0.5 - 36.0 Fº
1.0 Cº
1.8 Fº
0.3 - 20.0 Cº
0.5 - 36.0 Fº
ROTEM
55
AC-2000 PLUS
Delay for ignition time – This is the delay between ignition relay on to heater on
Rev:1.5
56
10 Sec.
0-99Sec
ROTEM
Poultry House Control
Bird Scale Option
Scale 1
White
Green
Black
Red
Scale 2
Rev:1.5
White
Green
Black
Red
57
ROTEM
AC-2000 PLUS
RCLP-2000 PLUS for P.C. Communication
Make sure the jumpers are
connected in MUX mode
AC-2000 PLUS
RCLP-2000
Cross the wires:
Tx - Rx
Rx - Tx
COM - COM
NOTE: if you don’t
cross the wires, communication will not
operate.
Mux-2
GND
N
Priority channel: connect
the DB25 Male connector
to the modem.
Non Priority channel:
connect the DB9 Female
connector to the PC’s
COMM port.
Note: when operating the communication software, the MUX-2 and RCLP
LED should flash. If receive LED (RX) is not flashing on the RCLP, check
wiring and try to swap RX and TX wires connected to the MUX.
Rev:1.5
58
ROTEM
Poultry House Control
Moreover, when upgrading software, U1 component must be replaced. If
U1 is not replaced the following message appears: "INCOMPATIBLE
HARDWARE CARD" and the software will not recognize it either.
Terminals
1
1.
2
3
3
4
4
5
6
Communications: Three terminal block for P.C communication using the optional multiplexor, MUX-2.
RX: Receive into AC-2000. With multiple controls, connect all the RX pins together. Connect to TX at
Multiplexor only.
TX: Transmit from AC-2000. With multiple controls, connect all the TX pins together. Connect to RX only at
Multiplexor only.
COM: Ground reference for communications. Do not
connect shields to this pin. Connect to COM at multiplexor
also.
Relay Extension: Com - The relay extension box such as
the REB-8 may be located up to 10 feet from the AC-2000. Do not
connect the shield to this terminal. Connect the shield to earth
ground only at one end of the cable to avoid ground loops.
Data - This line carries data to the relay extension.
Clk - This line carries a clocking signal for
use by the relay extension.
3. Up To 2 Optional Bird Scales, Connect White, Green, Black and
Red of scale 1 to lower terminal, and White, Green, Black and Red
of scale 2 to upper terminal.
2.
Rev:1.5
59
ROTEM
AC-2000 PLUS
4. Temperature Sensors: The temperature sensor is a 2 wires black
shielded cable thermistor (RTS-2).
Connect one wire to the temperature sensor terminal and the
other to common (Polarity don’t care).
5. Analog Inputs: An.1- Humidity sensor with wire connections according to wire colors.
An.2– Pressure sensor (Connect + red wire to An.2 and
Black – wire to Common).
An.3 – Humidity Zone B or C or Outside Humidity input. Connect the
White wire of the Humidity sensor to An.3 and
the Red and Black together with the Humidity input Red and Black.
6. Digital Inputs:
Dig 1-Feed overtime alarm input or wind direction selection.
Dig 2-Feed counter.
Pulse- Water counter.
7. Analog Outputs:
An.1: 0 to 10V- Light Intensity control signal.
An.2: 0 to 10V- Variable speed control signal.
Rev:1.5
60
ROTEM
Poultry House Control
1
1
1
2
3
0
1.
2.
3.
Relays 1 to 19: Each pair of terminals goes to one relay.
These relays are fused with a 5-ampere, 250-volt slow blow
fuses. The relays are normally open when not powered.
Relay 20, three terminal block: This relay normally serves as
an alarm relay. It is also fused with a 5 ampere, 250 volt slow
blow fuse, and can serve as an ordinary relay: NC - Normally closed contact.
Com - Common contact.
NO - Normally open contact.
Power: Three terminal block:
Neutral (N): connect to the Neutral Power line.
Phase (~): connect to the Phase Power line.
Ground (GND): connect to a solid earth safety
ground, normally with the bare safety ground wire, or
a green wire.
Rev:1.5
61
ROTEM
AC-2000 PLUS
Board Layout
LCD Connector
New Keyboard
Connector (MidLCD Contrast
Bettery
Old Keyboard
Connector (Front)
Front Pannel Ground
(Behind The Transformer)
Pressure
Conector
Scale Connector
Transformer
Communication
Connector
Relays
12 @ 5 Ampere Fuses
Low Voltage Terminals
Rev:1.5
High Voltage Terminals
62
ROTEM
Poultry House Control
AC-2000 Wiring Diagram
0-10V
Variable speed
or light dimmer
Comm.
RBS-1
NC
-
Com
12V
Buttery
Water meter
Alarm
Alarm
Scale-1
Upper
terminal
Phas
T1, T3, T5
RHS-2
Upper
terminal
Scale-2
Neutral
3
Phase
Contactor
T2, T4, T6
Rev:1.5
63
The alarm system will turn
when a circuit opening
occurs between the N.O
and COM.
+
Com
NO
N
~
3
Phase
Ground
ROTEM
AC-2000 PLUS
Electrical Grounding for Controllers
Electrical equipment can be destroyed or slowly damaged by voltage
spikes, lightning hits, etc’. Proper electrical grounding in combination with
the AC 2000+ internal protections is essential to protect the system, reduce
the risk of damage and prolong its lifetime.Correct selection and installation
of equipment will protect your system and reduce the risk of human injury.
Proper grounding provides an easy path for electrical current to return to its
source. A grounding system should tie all non-current carrying conductors
to earth ground (0 volts). The grounding system should present a minimum
resistance to current flow. Make sure all items used are in proper condition,
for example, a corroded wire clamp attaching a ground wire to a ground rod
might add 100 ohms or more resistance to a system.Less than 5 ohm will
be considered as a good ground.
Ground Rods
Ground rods are used to efficiently connect the system to earth where current may be dissipated in the soil.
ƒ Material: Ground rods should be copper clad or galvanized steel.
ƒ Diameter: Minimum 5/8”, preferably 3/4”. Generally the larger the rod
diameter, the lower it’s resistance to current flow.
ƒ Length: Minimum 2.5 meters (8 feet), preferably 3-meter (10-foot). A
longer ground rod will reach a soil with higher moisture content. Moist
soil carries current much better than drier soil.
ƒ Single grounding: It is important that there is only one grounding location where a rod or series of rods are connected to each other using a
ground wire.
ƒ Independent ground rods will increase the risk of current, from a lightning strike for example, being dissipated through one rod and reentering
the system through an adjacent rod.
ƒ Location: Close to the main circuit breaker panel and in moist soil. For
example in an area that is usually wet from a drip or a low spot where
water drains. Make sure the area is well protected from damage by
lawnmowers, tractors, etc’.
ƒ Rod installation: Drive the rod into the earth until about 10 cm (4 inches)
is left above grade. If it is impossible to drive the rod to the proper
depth, it is acceptable to lay the rod horizontally, 80 cm (2.5 feet) below
grade.
ƒ In case the rod is exposed to damage, for example by lawnmowers or
tractors it can be installed in a hole, about 20 cm (8 inches) deep so that
the rod is about 10 cm under grade and 10 cm above hole level.
The National Electric Code (NEC) mandates two ground rods unless you
can show less than 10 ohms resistance with one rod.
Rev:1.5
64
ROTEM
Poultry House Control
Ground Wire
The ground wire is a large copper wire that connects the main circuit
breaker panel to the ground rod.
ƒ Material: Ground rods should be copper clad or galvanized steel.
ƒ Diameter: Typically, 16 mm (6-gauge) copper wire is sufficient. If the
wire run is greater than 20 feet, 20 mm (4-gauge) wire should be used.
ƒ Length: Minimum 2.5 meters (8 feet), preferably 3-meter (10-foot). A
longer ground rod will reach a soil with higher moisture content. Moist
soil carries current much better than drier soil.
The ground wire should be protected from damage by lawnmowers, tractors, etc’. It should be buried minimum 15 cm (6 inches) under grade for
protection and enter the house as soon as possible. It is important that the
wire not be cut; it should remain continuous.
Ground Clamps
Ground wires should not be merely wrapped around a ground rod. Ground
clamps are used to attach a ground wire to a ground rod. The most common clamp is known as an acorn clamp. Make sure the ground clamps you
select are rated for outdoor use. Do not use pipe clamps rated for inside
water lines or hose clamps to attach the ground wire.
Ground connection
What Should Be Grounded?
Any equipment that is or could become energized, even accidentally,
should be grounded. Current from lightning, strikes objects in a random
fashion. Accounts of lightning strikes reveal scenarios most of us could not
predict.
Electric circuits should be wired with a 3-wire conductor consisting of hot,
neutral and grounding wires. The grounding wire should be attached
cleanly and securely to devices or systems to be grounded. The other end
of the grounding wire should be attached to the ground bus on the main
panel.
Rev:1.5
65
ROTEM
AC-2000 PLUS
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Input Power Voltage
One Phase 110 VAC (USA and Canada)
240 VAC (Outside USA and Canada)
0.5 Amp, 50-60Hz.
Relay Loads
5.0 Amps, 250 Volts, Fused
Analog Inputs
0 - 11 Volts, 10 Milliamps Max.
Analog Output
0 - 10 Volts:
Current Limited With 100-Ohm Resistor.
Digital Inputs
5 ma @ 5 Volts, Dry Contact
Operating Temperature Range: -10÷C to 50÷C (14÷F to 125÷F)
Enclosure: Water and Dust Tight.
Fuses: Main fuse: 0.315 Amps, 250 Volts
Others: 5 Amps, 250 Volts
Installation Menu
95. Male/Female Curve
Male Female Curve, Menu 96
According to the flocks type enter the estimate male/female weight for each given
growth day for the controller to know the type of bird being weight.
Rev:1.5
66
ROTEM
Poultry House Control
Breeder Version System Variables, Menu 97
Var
Description
Default
1
Target Temperature Hysteresis (Degrees).
2
3
4
5
Ventilation Level Increase, Time Delay (Minutes).
Ventilation Level Decrease, Time Delay (Minutes).
Max Ventilation Level Below Cooling Temp.
Tunnel Mode Exit, Amount Above Target
(Degrees).
Out Temperature As Diff. Above Target Temp. To Allow Tunnel Mode Exit.
High Temp Alarm, Amount Above Target
(Degrees).
Low Level Heater Hysteresis, Amount Below Heat Set
Temperature (Degrees).
High Level Heater Hysteresis, Amount Below Heat Set
Temperature (Degrees).
Radiant Heater Ignition Time (Sec).
Low Temp Alarm, Amount Below Heat
(Degrees).
Cooling Hysteresis (Degrees).
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
Humidity Treatment Main Delay (Minutes).
Zone A, B Temp Diff for Re-circulation Fan (Degrees).
Midnight Curtain Calibration Enable
(Enable On = 1.0, any other value disables).
Not Used.
Output Voltage At 0 % Variable Speed Power.
Output Voltage At 100 % Variable Speed Power.
Wind Direction Averaging Period (Minutes).
Output Voltage At 0% Light intensity.
Tunnel Mode Exit Lockout Time (Minutes).
Output Voltage At 100 % Light intensity.
Minimum Curtains 1+2 Opening for
Group Fans Run (%).
Wind Direction Or Feed Overtime Alarm Selection:
0 = Wind Direction.
1 = Feed Overtime Alarm .
Feed Overtime Alarm Delay (Minutes).
Alarm Relay Output Delay (Minutes).
Humidity Treatment Duration (Minutes).
Pressure Units:
0 = Millibar.
Rev:1.5
67
0.5 Cº
0.9 Fº
3.0
1.0
20
0.0
Range
4.0 Cº
7.2 Fº
0.5 Cº
0.9 Fº
2.0 Cº
3.6 Fº
60
3.0 Cº
5.4 Fº
0.5 Cº
0.9 Fº
5.0
5.0 Cº
9.0 Fº
1
0.3 - 20.0 Cº
0.5 - 36.0 Fº
0.2 - 10.0 Min.
0.2 - 10.0 Min.
1 - 20 Levels
0.0 - 20.0 Cº
0.0 - 36.0 Fº
0.0 - 20.0 Cº
0.0 - 36.0 Fº
0.0 - 20.0 Cº
0.0 - 36.0 Fº
0.3 - 20.0 Cº
0.5 - 36.0 Fº
0.0 - 20.0 Cº
0.0 - 36.0 Fº
0 - 99 Sec.
0.0 - 20.0 Cº
0.0 - 36.0 Fº
0.3 - 20.0 Cº
0.5 - 36.0 Fº
0.0 - 99.9 Min.
0.3 - 20.0 Cº
0.5 - 36.0 Fº
0-1
--3.0
10.0
30.0
0.0
60.0
10.0
0.0
--0.0 - 10.0 V out
0.0 - 10.0 V out
0.0 - 99.9 Min.
0.0 - 10.0 V out
0.0 - 99.9 Min.
0.0 - 10.0 V out
0.0 - 99.9 %.
0.0
0
0.0
0.5
1.0
1
0-1
0.0 - 99.9 Min.
0.0 - 99.9 Min.
0.0 - 99.9 Min.
1-4
ROTEM
AC-2000 PLUS
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
1 = Inch Water.
2 = Pascal.
3 = Cm. Water.
4 = Mm. Water.
Static Pressure Interlock (Group Fans Off During Pressure Adjustment):
No = 0
Yes = 1
Minimum Level for Low Static Pressure Alarm.
Static Pressure Wind Gust Delay (Sec).
Water Overtime Alarm Quantity per Minute (Units).
Water Shortage Alarm Quantity per Hour (Units).
Water Overtime Alarm Delay (Minutes).
Not Used.
Humidity Treatment, Heater Use Limit (Degrees).
37
38
Humidity Treatment, Heater Use Start Point.
Radiation Heater, Set Point Above Heat.
39
40
Natural/Tunnel mode change, low-pressure alarm disable (Minutes).
Absolute High Temperature Alarm.
41
42
43
44
45
Sunrise/Sunset Duration (Minutes).
Not Used.
Enable Feed Shutoff if Feed Overtime Alarm.
Air Inlet Open Advance, Seconds.
Level Differential High Temp Alarm Option.
46
47
48
49
50
51
Percentage Above Female Reference Weight (%).
Percentage Below Female Reference Weight (%).
Percentage Above male Reference Weight (%).
Percentage Below male Reference Weight (%).
Birds Weighing Start Time. (Daytime).
Birds Weighing End Time. (Daytime).
52
Feed Cycle Length Limitation. (Days).
53
Temperature change to be considered as quick drop in
degrees, to reduce a level to reach below target temp.
(Degrees)
Temperature change to be considered as quick drop in
degrees, to reduce a level to reach above target temp
(Degrees)
29
54
Rev:1.5
68
0
1
10
99
0
10.0
--1.0 Cº
1.8 Fº
99.9
0.0
3.0
50.0 Cº
122.0 Fº
1.0
--0
6
0.0
0-1
0 - 20 Levels
0 - 99 Sec.
0 - 99 Units.
0 - 99 Units.
0.0 - 99.9 Min.
--0.0 - 20.0 Cº
0.0 - 36.0 Fº
0.0 - 99.9 %.
0.0 - 20.0 Cº
0.0 - 36.0 Fº
0.0 - 99.9 Min.
15.0
15.0
15.0
15.0
0.0
24.0
0.0 - 50 Cº
32.0 - 122.0 Fº
0.0 - 99.9 Min.
--0-1
0 - 99 Sec.
0.0 - 20.0 Cº
0.0 - 36.0 Fº
0.0 - 99.9 %.
0.0 - 99.9 %.
0.0 - 99.9 %.
0.0 - 99.9 %.
0.0 - 24.0 (Hours)
0.0 - 24.0 (Hours)
7
1 - 7 Days
0.5 Cº
0.9 Fº
0.3 - 20.0 Cº
0.5 - 36.0 Fº
1.0 Cº
1.8 Fº
0.3 - 20.0 Cº
0.5 - 36.0 Fº
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