User`s manual - We are currently performing some scheduled

User`s manual - We are currently performing some scheduled
User’s manual
Version: 1/10/2012
PoKeys user manual
Please read the following notes
1. All information included in this document is current as of the date this document is issued. Such information, however,
is subject to change without any prior notice.
2. PoLabs does not assume any liability for infringement of patents, copyrights, or other intellectual property rights of
third parties by or arising from the use of PoLabs products or technical information described in this document. No
license, express, implied or otherwise, is granted hereby under any patents, copyrights or other intellectual property
rights of PoLabs or others. PoLabs claims the copyright of, and retains the rights to, all material (software, documents,
etc.) contained in this release. You may copy and distribute the entire release in its original state, but must not copy
individual items within the release other than for backup purposes.
3. Descriptions of circuits, software and other related information in this document are provided only to illustrate the
operation of the products and application examples. You are fully responsible for the incorporation of these circuits,
software, and information in the design of your equipment. PoLabs assumes no responsibility for any losses incurred by
you or third parties arising from the use of these circuits, software, or information.
4. PoLabs has used reasonable care in preparing the information included in this document, but PoLabs does not warrant
that such information is error free. PoLabs assumes no liability whatsoever for any damages incurred by you resulting
from errors in or omissions from the information included herein.
5. PoLabs devices may be used in equipment that does not impose a threat to human life in case of the malfunctioning,
such as: computer interfaces, office equipment, communications equipment, test and measurement equipment, audio
and visual equipment, home electronic appliances, machine tools, personal electronic equipment, and industrial robots.
6. Measures such as fail-safe function and redundant design should be taken to ensure reliability and safety when PoLabs
devices are used for or in connection with equipment that requires higher reliability, for example: traffic control
systems, anti-disaster systems, anticrime systems, safety equipment, medical equipment not specifically designed for
life support, and other similar applications.
7. PoLabs devices shall not be used for or in connection with equipment that requires an extremely high level of reliability
and safety, as for example: aircraft systems, aerospace equipment, nuclear reactor control systems, medical equipment
or systems for life support (e.g. artificial life support devices or systems), and any other applications or purposes that
pose a direct threat to human life.
8. You should use the PoLabs products described in this document within the range specified by PoLabs, especially with
respect to the maximum rating, operating supply voltage range and other product characteristics. PoLabs shall have no
liability for malfunctions or damages arising out of the use of PoLabs products beyond such specified ranges.
9. Although PoLabs endeavors to improve the quality and reliability of its products, semiconductor products have specific
characteristics such as the occurrence of failure at a certain rate and malfunctions under certain use conditions.
Further, PoLabs products are not subject to radiation resistance design. Please be sure to implement safety measures
to guard them against the possibility of physical injury, and injury or damage caused by fire in the event of the failure of
a PoLabs product, such as safety design for hardware and software including but not limited to redundancy, fire control
and malfunction prevention, appropriate treatment for aging degradation or any other appropriate measures.
10. Usage: the software in this release is for use only with PoLabs products or with data collected using PoLabs products.
11. Fitness for purpose: no two applications are the same, so PoLabs cannot guarantee that its equipment or software is
suitable for a given application. It is therefore the user's responsibility to ensure that the product is suitable for the
user's application.
12. Viruses: this software was continuously monitored for viruses during production, however the user is responsible for
virus checking the software once it is installed.
13. Upgrades: we provide upgrades, free of charge, from our web site at www.poscope.com. We reserve the right to charge
for updates or replacements sent out on physical media.
14. Please contact a PoLabs support for details as to environmental matters such as the environmental compatibility of
each PoLabs product. Please use PoLabs products in compliance with all applicable laws and regulations that regulate
the inclusion or use of controlled substances, including without limitation, the EU RoHS Directive. PoLabs assumes no
liability for damages or losses occurring as a result of your noncompliance with applicable laws and regulations.
15. Please contact a PoLabs support at [email protected] if you have any questions regarding the information
contained in this document or PoLabs products, or if you have any other inquiries.
16. The licensee agrees to allow access to this software only to persons who have been informed of and agree to abide by
these conditions.
17. Trademarks: Windows is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation. PoKeys, PoKeys55, PoKeys56U, PoKeys56E,
PoScope, PoLabs and others are internationally registered trademarks.
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PoKeys user manual
Contents
1.
Description ...................................................................................................................................... 8
2.
Features ........................................................................................................................................... 9
2.1.
PoKeys55 ................................................................................................................................. 9
2.2.
PoKeys56U ............................................................................................................................... 9
2.3.
PoKeys56E ............................................................................................................................. 10
3.
Device comparison ........................................................................................................................ 11
4.
Device pin description table .......................................................................................................... 12
5.
6.
4.1.
PoKeys56U/E pin functions graphical overview .................................................................... 16
4.2.
PoKeys55 pin functions graphical overview (serial numbers above 11500) ......................... 16
Requirements ................................................................................................................................ 17
5.1.
USB devices ........................................................................................................................... 17
5.2.
Network devices .................................................................................................................... 17
Technical specifications ................................................................................................................. 18
6.1.
PoKeys55 and PoKeys56U dimensions .................................................................................. 18
6.2.
PoKeys56E dimensions .......................................................................................................... 19
6.3.
Electrical specification – limiting values ................................................................................ 20
6.4.
Electrical specification – static characteristic ........................................................................ 20
6.5.
Power supply for PoKeys56E ................................................................................................. 20
7.
Installation ..................................................................................................................................... 21
8.
PoKeys configuration options........................................................................................................ 22
8.1.
Digital inputs and outputs ..................................................................................................... 22
PoKeys configuration software usage ........................................................................................... 22
Applicable PoKeys library commands ........................................................................................... 27
8.2.
Connection signal output ...................................................................................................... 28
PoKeys configuration software usage ........................................................................................... 29
Applicable PoKeys library commands ........................................................................................... 29
8.3.
Digital counters (only on PoKeys56 devices) ......................................................................... 30
PoKeys configuration software usage ........................................................................................... 30
Applicable PoKeys library commands ........................................................................................... 30
8.4.
Encoders ................................................................................................................................ 32
PoKeys configuration software usage ........................................................................................... 32
Applicable PoKeys library commands ........................................................................................... 33
8.5.
Matrix keyboard .................................................................................................................... 35
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PoKeys configuration software usage ........................................................................................... 35
Applicable PoKeys library commands ........................................................................................... 37
8.6.
Analog inputs ......................................................................................................................... 39
PoKeys configuration software usage ........................................................................................... 39
Applicable PoKeys library commands ........................................................................................... 40
8.7.
Joystick mapping ................................................................................................................... 41
PoKeys configuration software usage ........................................................................................... 41
Applicable PoKeys library commands ........................................................................................... 42
8.8.
PWM outputs ........................................................................................................................ 43
PoKeys configuration software usage ........................................................................................... 43
Applicable PoKeys library commands ........................................................................................... 44
8.9.
Matrix LED output ................................................................................................................. 45
PoKeys configuration software usage ........................................................................................... 46
Applicable PoKeys library commands ........................................................................................... 46
8.10.
LCD ..................................................................................................................................... 47
PoKeys configuration software usage ........................................................................................... 48
Applicable PoKeys library commands ........................................................................................... 49
8.11.
Pulse engine....................................................................................................................... 50
PoKeys device pins in use .............................................................................................................. 50
Pulse engine operating principles ................................................................................................. 50
Safety charge-pump output .......................................................................................................... 52
Axis parameters ............................................................................................................................. 52
PoKeys configuration software usage ........................................................................................... 52
Applicable PoKeys library commands ........................................................................................... 52
8.12.
PoExtBus ............................................................................................................................ 54
PoKeys configuration software usage ........................................................................................... 55
Applicable PoKeys library commands ........................................................................................... 55
8.13.
PoNET ................................................................................................................................ 56
Adding new devices ....................................................................................................................... 56
PoNET kb48CNC keyboard............................................................................................................. 57
PoNET/PoExtBus connection example .......................................................................................... 58
Applicable PoKeys library commands ........................................................................................... 58
8.14.
Failsafe settings ................................................................................................................. 60
Applicable PoKeys library commands ........................................................................................... 60
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8.15.
I2C protocol ........................................................................................................................ 61
Applicable PoKeys library commands ........................................................................................... 61
8.16.
1-wire................................................................................................................................. 63
Applicable PoKeys library commands ........................................................................................... 63
8.17.
Sensors .............................................................................................................................. 64
I2C sensors ..................................................................................................................................... 64
1-wire sensors ............................................................................................................................... 64
Analog sensors............................................................................................................................... 65
Applicable PoKeys library commands ........................................................................................... 66
8.18.
PoKeys56E ......................................................................................................................... 67
Connecting to PoKeys56E device for the first time ....................................................................... 67
Device discovery ............................................................................................................................ 68
Default settings ............................................................................................................................. 68
Connecting to device in other network ......................................................................................... 68
Security .......................................................................................................................................... 68
Web interface ................................................................................................................................ 70
Modbus.......................................................................................................................................... 73
Connecting to PoKeys56E across the internet .............................................................................. 75
Using PoKeys software with PoKeys56E device across the internet ............................................. 75
8.19.
http://cosm.com/ service support .................................................................................... 77
8.20.
Changing User ID number ................................................................................................. 81
8.21.
Saving current configuration to file ................................................................................... 81
9.
PoTLog27 firmware ....................................................................................................................... 81
10.
Communicating with the USB devices using the console ......................................................... 85
10.1.
Supported operations........................................................................................................ 85
11.
Connecting common peripherals to PoKeys devices ................................................................ 88
12.
Quick resetting the device configuration (or recovering bad firmware update) ...................... 94
13.
Frequently asked questions ...................................................................................................... 95
14.
PoKeys library functions ............................................................................................................ 98
14.1.
EnumerateDevices (for USB-based PoKeys devices) ......................................................... 98
14.2.
ConnectToDevice (for USB-based PoKeys devices) ........................................................... 98
14.3.
DisconnectDevice .............................................................................................................. 98
14.4.
StartEthernetDiscovery ..................................................................................................... 99
14.5.
StopEthernetDiscovery ...................................................................................................... 99
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14.6.
GetNumberOfDetectedNetworkDevices ........................................................................... 99
14.7.
ConnectToNetworkDevice ............................................................................................... 100
14.8.
GetDeviceID ..................................................................................................................... 100
14.9.
GetDeviceIDEx ................................................................................................................. 100
14.10.
GetBuildDate ................................................................................................................... 101
14.11.
GetUserID ........................................................................................................................ 101
14.12.
SetUserID ......................................................................................................................... 101
14.13.
SetPinData ....................................................................................................................... 102
14.14.
SetPinData ....................................................................................................................... 102
14.15.
GetPinData ...................................................................................................................... 103
14.16.
GetPinData ...................................................................................................................... 104
14.17.
GetInput........................................................................................................................... 104
14.18.
SetOutput ........................................................................................................................ 105
14.19.
GetAnalogInput ............................................................................................................... 105
14.20.
SetAnalogOutput ............................................................................................................. 106
14.21.
SaveConfiguration ........................................................................................................... 107
14.22.
GetMatrixConfiguration .................................................................................................. 107
14.23.
SetMatrixConfiguration ................................................................................................... 108
14.24.
GetPWMOutputs ............................................................................................................. 110
14.25.
SetPWMOutputs.............................................................................................................. 111
14.26.
LCDSetSettings................................................................................................................. 111
14.27.
LCDInit ............................................................................................................................. 112
14.28.
LCDClear .......................................................................................................................... 112
14.29.
LCDGotoXY....................................................................................................................... 113
14.30.
LCDPutc............................................................................................................................ 113
14.31.
LCDPrint ........................................................................................................................... 113
14.32.
LCDSetEntryMode ........................................................................................................... 114
14.33.
LCDDisplayOnOffControl ................................................................................................. 114
14.34.
LCDDefineCustomCharacter ............................................................................................ 115
14.35.
AuxilaryBusGetData......................................................................................................... 115
14.36.
AuxilaryBusSetData ......................................................................................................... 115
15.
Interfacing with PoKeys library – C# example ......................................................................... 117
16.
Major changes from 1.x to 1.7: ............................................................................................... 126
16.1.
6
Pin 13 not functioning appropriately .............................................................................. 126
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16.2.
17.
Putting pin 4 low on startup disables PoKeys55 device from booting. ........................... 126
Errata information ................................................................................................................... 127
Pins 5 and 6 cannot be separately set as outputs/inputs ........................................................... 127
18.
Grant of license ....................................................................................................................... 128
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1. Description
PoKeys products line consists of simple, easy-to-use USB and network devices with the extended list
of features making them powerful input/output devices. PoKeys55 and PoKeys56U devices also
incorporate a virtual USB keyboard and joystick with a simple setup. PoKeys devices enable user to
design specially built robust computer interfaces. The devices are highly adjustable and as such
require no complex knowledge on device programming. Virtual USB keyboard supports emulation of
single key presses or various programmable series of keys (keyboard macro sequences) while virtual
USB joystick emulation supports mapping of analog inputs to joystick axes and mapping of digital
inputs to joystick buttons.
If additional input and output capabilities are needed, the devices provide 55 digital 5V tolerant
inputs or outputs, 5 10-bit analog inputs (on PoKeys55) / 7 12-bit analog inputs (on
PoKeys56U/PoKeys56E) with adjustable software low-pass filter and one 10-bit analog output (on
PoKeys55). These are complemented with 6 high-speed fully configurable PWM (pulse width
modulation) outputs. User can freely set PWM period and PWM duty cycles. PWM module runs at 12
MHz (on PoKeys55) / 25 MHz (on PoKeys56U/PoKeys56E) and allows high-speed output switching.
They are controlled via included software, which enables user either to use the highly intuitive
graphical user interface. Chosen settings can be stored on device, so no special software is needed
on target system.
PoKeys devices also support up to 25 pairs of quadrature encoder signal inputs for which can be
freely connected to any of the 55 inputs on PoKeys devices. These inputs increment or decrement
the counters that can be read via provided software of other third-party applications. Changes in
those signals can trigger virtual keyboard presses on USB versions of PoKeys devices. PoKeys devices
also support three additional fast encoders, when higher frequencies of the quadrature encoder
signals are in use. PoKeys56U and PoKeys56E add additional support for one ultra-fast quadrature
encoder signal that can handle even greater frequencies of these signals with ease.
In the cases when the application requires more than 55 inputs or outputs, PoKeys devices have the
inbuilt support for matrix keyboards sized up to 16x8 with freely assignable key codes for virtual USB
keyboard, while the PoExtBus bus feature adds the support for additional 80 digital inputs.
PoKeys devices also support hd44780-compatible character LCD displays and two serially driven 8x8
matrix LED displays.
Third-party application developers that are adding the support for PoKeys devices, are encouraged to
use the supplied communication DLL that can be simply used in the different .NET framework based
applications and various other programming languages that provide support for ActiveX interface.
To aid developers that are communicating with PoKeys devices on the low-level, the extensive
documentation on device communication protocol can be downloaded free of charge from the
product webpage.
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2. Features
2.1. PoKeys55
-
Compatible with USB 1.1/2.0 HID standard
Standard USB keyboard simulation (with triggering support for up/down keys)
Standard USB joystick simulation (6 axis, 32 buttons with triggering support)
55 digital inputs with pull-up resistors, freely mappable to virtual USB keyboard’s keys
55 software controlled digital outputs
5 analog inputs (10-bit), freely mappable to any of virtual USB joystick axes (with adjustable
low-pass filtering support)
1 software controlled 10-bit analog output, controlled via included software
Up to 25 encoder pair inputs
Up to 64 256-character long keyboard macro sequences
Up to 16x8 matrix keyboard with triggered keys/alternate function support
Two 8x8 matrix LED display support
Up to 6 high-speed fully configurable PWM outputs support (12 MHz PWM timer)
HD44780-based character LCD support (up to 4x20 characters)
PoExtBus support for adding up to 10 external shift registers
Support for Connection signal output
Intuitive and user-friendly software
Third-party support via communication DLL library and extensive protocol specification
document that allows porting to other systems
2.2. PoKeys56U
-
Compatible with USB 1.1/2.0 HID standard
Standard USB keyboard simulation (with triggering support for up/down keys)
Standard USB joystick simulation (6 axis, 32 buttons with triggering support)
55 digital inputs with pull-up resistors, freely mappable to virtual USB keyboard’s keys
55 software controlled digital outputs
7 analog inputs (12-bit) with adjustable low-pass filtering support
Up to 26 encoder pair inputs (3 high-speed encoder inputs, 1 ultra high speed encoder input)
Digital counters on specific digital input pins
3-axis 25 kHz Pulse engine with safety 5 kHz charge-pump output
Two 8x8 matrix LED display support
Up to 64 256-character long keyboard macro sequences
Up to 16x8 matrix keyboard with triggered keys/alternate function support
Two 8x8 matrix LED display support
Up to 6 high-speed fully configurable PWM outputs support (25MHz PWM timer)
HD44780-based character LCD support (up to 4x20 characters)
PoExtBus support for adding up to 10 external shift registers
PoNET devices support (48-key CNC keyboard mapped to matrix keyboard)
Support for Connection signal output
Fail-safe support in case of communication interruption
Support for up to 10 sensors on I2C bus, up to 10 sensors on 1-wire bus and up to 7 analog
sensors
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-
Communication compatible with PoKeys55 on application layer (data packet structure)
Intuitive and user-friendly software
Third-party support via communication DLL library and extensive protocol specification
document that allows porting to other systems
2.3. PoKeys56E
-
-
Ethernet 10/100 with DHCP client or fixed IP support
TCP connection with device
55 digital inputs with pull-up resistors
55 software controlled digital outputs
7 analog inputs (12-bit) with adjustable low-pass filtering support
Up to 26 encoder pair inputs (3 high-speed encoder inputs, 1 ultra high speed encoder input)
3-axis 25 kHz Pulse engine with safety 5 kHz charge-pump output
Digital counters on specific digital input pins
Up to 16x8 matrix keyboard
Two 8x8 matrix LED display support
Up to 6 high-speed fully configurable PWM outputs support (25 MHz PWM timer)
HD44780-based character LCD support (up to 4x20 characters)
PoExtBus support for adding up to 10 external shift registers
PoNET devices support (48-key CNC keyboard)
Modbus TCP support (access to digital IO, analog inputs, encoders’ counters, digital counters
values, PWM outputs, LCD display, LED matrix display, PoExtBus devices, matrix keyboard
status)
Support for up to 10 sensors on I2C bus, up to 10 sensors on 1-wire bus and up to 7 analog
sensors
Web interface with newly designed dashboard and I/O status display with multiple user
accounts
Support for communication with devices on I2C and 1-wire buses
Support for Connection signal output
Fail-safe support in case of communication interruption
Communication compatible with PoKeys55 on application layer (data packet structure)
Intuitive and user-friendly software
Third-party support via communication DLL library and extensive protocol specification
document that allows porting to other systems
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PoKeys user manual
3. Device comparison
PoKeys55
55
55
55
5x 10-bit
1x 10-bit
PoKeys56U
55
55
55
7x 12-bit
0
PoKeys56E
55
55
55
7x 12-bit
0
25
3
0
6 (12 MHz clock)
0
not suported
Alphanumeric up to
4x20
25
3
1
6 (25 MHz clock)
24
3-axis 25 kHz
Alphanumeric up to
4x20
25
3
1
6 (25 MHz clock)
24
3-axis 25 kHz
Alphanumeric up to
4x20
Up to 16x8
Two 8x8
Yes
Yes
Up to 16x8
Two 8x8
Yes
Yes
Up to 16x8
Two 8x8
No
No
USB
USB
No
No
No
up to 10 devices
No
powered from USB
No
Yes
Yes
up to 10 devices
up to 16 devices
powered from USB
Ethernet (IPv4 +
DHCP)
Yes
Yes
Yes
up to 10 devices
up to 16 devices
external 5V power
supply
Number of devices per
computer
Automatic device discovery
127 per USB root
hub
Yes
127 per USB root
hub
Yes
Free configuration application
Free firmware upgrades
Communication DLL support
Availability
Yes
Yes
Yes
Out of production
Yes
Yes
Yes
Available
Number of pins on the board
Digital inputs
Digital outputs
Analog inputs
Analog ouputs
Number of encoders (normal)
Number of fast encoders
Number of ultra fast encoders
Number of PWM outputs
Number of digital counters
Pulse engine
LCD support
Matrix keyboard support
Matrix LED
Keyboard emulation
Joystick emulation
Connectivity
Modbus TCP support
I2C sensors
1-wire sensors
PoExtBus support
PoNET bus support
Power supply
11
practically unlimited
Yes (in local
network)
Yes
Yes
Yes
Available
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PoKeys user manual
4. Device hardware description
PoExtBus/PoNET
connector (PoKeys56U/E)
Pin
1
3
4
5
Type
I/O
I
I
I/O
I
I
I/O
I/O
I/O
6
I
I
I/O
2
I
I
12
Description
General purpose digital input/output pin
Fast encoder 1A – A channel input for the fast encoder 1
Counter 1 – Counter input signal for counter 1 (not available on PoKeys55)
General purpose digital input/output pin
Fast encoder 1B – B channel input for the fast encoder 1
Counter 2 – Counter input signal for counter 2 (not available on PoKeys55)
General purpose digital input/output pin
General purpose digital input/output pin
General purpose digital input/output pin (when used as output on PoKeys56E, pin 6
must also be specified as output)
Fast encoder 2A – A channel input for the fast encoder 2
Counter 5 – Counter input signal for counter 5 (not available on PoKeys55)
General purpose digital input/output pin (when used as output on PoKeys56E, pin 5
must also be specified as output)
Fast encoder 2B – B channel input for the fast encoder 2
Counter 6 – Counter input signal for counter 6 (not available on PoKeys55)
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7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
13
I/O
I/O
I
I/O
O
I
I/O
O
I/O
O
I
I/O
I
I/O
I
I/O
I/O
I
I
I/O
I
I
I/O
O
I/O
O
I/O
O
I
I/O
O
I
I/O
O
I
I/O
O
I
I/O
I/O
O
I
I/O
I/O
O
I
General purpose digital input/output pin
General purpose digital input/output pin
Ultra fast encoder input A (not available on PoKeys55)
General purpose digital input/output pin
Matrix LED 1 serial data output
Counter 9 – Counter input signal for counter 9 (not available on PoKeys55)
General purpose digital input/output pin
Matrix LED 1 output latch clock output
General purpose digital input/output pin
Matrix LED 1 serial clock output
Counter 11 – Counter input signal for counter 11 (not available on PoKeys55)
General purpose digital input/output pin
Ultra fast encoder input B (not available on PoKeys55)
General purpose digital input/output pin
Ultra fast encoder index signal input (not available on PoKeys55)
General purpose digital input/output pin
General purpose digital input/output pin
Fast encoder 3A – A channel input for the fast encoder 3
Counter 15 – Counter input signal for counter 15 (not available on PoKeys55)
General purpose digital input/output pin
Fast encoder 3B – B channel input for the fast encoder 3
Counter 16 – Counter input signal for counter 16 (not available on PoKeys55)
General purpose digital input/output pin
PWM channel 6 output
General purpose digital input/output pin
PWM channel 5 output
General purpose digital input/output pin
PWM channel 4 output
Counter 19 – Counter input signal for counter 19 (not available on PoKeys55)
General purpose digital input/output pin
PWM channel 3 output
Counter 20 – Counter input signal for counter 20 (not available on PoKeys55)
General purpose digital input/output pin
PWM channel 2 output
Counter 21 – Counter input signal for counter 21 (not available on PoKeys55)
General purpose digital input/output pin
PWM channel 1 output
Counter 22 – Counter input signal for counter 22 (not available on PoKeys55)
General purpose digital input/output pin
LCD data 7 (primary configuration)
Matrix LED 2 serial data output
Counter 23 – Counter input signal for counter 23 (not available on PoKeys55)
General purpose digital input/output pin
LCD data 6 (primary configuration)
Matrix LED 2 output latch clock output
Counter 24 – Counter input signal for counter 24 (not available on PoKeys55)
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25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
I/O
I/O
O
I
I/O
I/O
I
I/O
I
I/O
O
I
I/O
O
I/O
O
I/O
I/O
I/O
I/O
I
33
I/O
I/O
I
34
I/O
I/O
I
35
I/O
O
I
36
I/O
O
I
37
I/O
O
I
38
I/O
O
I/O
O
I/O
39
40
14
General purpose digital input/output pin
LCD data 5 (primary configuration)
Matrix LED 2 serial clock output
Counter 25 – Counter input signal for counter 25 (not available on PoKeys55)
General purpose digital input/output pin
LCD data 4 (primary configuration)
Counter 26 – Counter input signal for counter 26 (not available on PoKeys55)
General purpose digital input/output pin
Counter 27 – Counter input signal for counter 27 (not available on PoKeys55)
General purpose digital input/output pin
LCD R/W (primary and secondary configuration)
Counter 28 – Counter input signal for counter 28 (not available on PoKeys55)
General purpose digital input/output pin
LCD E (primary and secondary configuration)
General purpose digital input/output pin
LCD RS (primary and secondary configuration)
General purpose digital input/output pin
LCD data 7 (secondary configuration)
General purpose digital input/output pin
LCD data 6 (secondary configuration)
Pulse engine LIMIT+ x switch input - x-axis limit switch for the positive direction
(not available on PoKeys55)
General purpose digital input/output pin
LCD data 5 (secondary configuration)
Pulse engine LIMIT+ y switch input - y-axis limit switch for the positive direction
(not available on PoKeys55)
General purpose digital input/output pin
LCD data 4 (secondary configuration)
Pulse engine LIMIT+ z switch input - z-axis limit switch for the positive direction
(not available on PoKeys55)
General purpose digital input/output pin
PoExtBus serial clock if PoExtBus on dedicated connector is not used
Pulse engine LIMIT- x switch input - x-axis limit switch for the negative direction
(not available on PoKeys55)
General purpose digital input/output pin
PoExtBus serial data if PoExtBus on dedicated connector is not used
Pulse engine LIMIT- y switch input - y-axis limit switch for the negative direction
(not available on PoKeys55)
General purpose digital input/output pin
PoExtBus output latch clock if PoExtBus on dedicated connector is not used
Pulse engine LIMIT- z switch input - z-axis limit switch for the negative direction
(not available on PoKeys55)
General purpose digital input/output pin
Pulse engine DIR x - x-axis direction output (not available on PoKeys55)
General purpose digital input/output pin
Pulse engine DIR y - y-axis direction output (not available on PoKeys55)
General purpose digital input/output pin
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41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
O
I/O
I
I
I/O
I
I
I/O
I
I
I/O
I
I
I/O
I
I/O
I
I
O
I/O
I
I
O
I/O
I
O
O
I/O
I
O
O
I/O
I
O
I/O
I
O
I/O
I
O
I/O
O
O
15
Pulse engine DIR z - z-axis direction output (not available on PoKeys55)
General purpose digital input/output pin
Analog input 41 (not available on PoKeys55)
Counter 41 – Counter input signal for counter 41 (not available on PoKeys55)
General purpose digital input/output pin
Analog input 42 (not available on PoKeys55)
Counter 42 – Counter input signal for counter 42 (not available on PoKeys55)
General purpose digital input/output pin
Analog input 43
Counter 43 – Counter input signal for counter 43 (not available on PoKeys55)
General purpose digital input/output pin
Analog input 44
Counter 44 – Counter input signal for counter 44 (not available on PoKeys55)
General purpose digital input/output pin
Analog input 45
General purpose digital input/output pin
Analog input 46
Counter 46 – Counter input signal for counter 46 (not available on PoKeys55)
Pulse engine STEP x - x-axis step output (not available on PoKeys55)
General purpose digital input/output pin
Analog input 47
Pulse engine HOME x - x-axis home switch input (not available on PoKeys55)
Connection signal output
General purpose digital input/output pin
Counter 48 – Counter input signal for counter 48 (not available on PoKeys55)
Pulse engine STEP y - y-axis step output (requires additional 470 Ohm pull-up
resistor on PoKeys56U) (not available on PoKeys55)
Connection signal output
General purpose digital input/output pin
Counter 49 – Counter input signal for counter 49 (not available on PoKeys55)
Pulse engine STEP z - z-axis step output (requires additional 470 Ohm pull-up
resistor on PoKeys56U) (not available on PoKeys55)
Connection signal output
General purpose digital input/output pin
Pulse engine HOME y - y-axis home switch input (not available on PoKeys55)
Connection signal output
General purpose digital input/output pin
Pulse engine HOME z - z-axis home switch input (not available on PoKeys55)
Connection signal output
General purpose digital input/output pin
Pulse engine EMGERGENCY - emergency switch input (not available on PoKeys55)
Connection signal output
General purpose digital input/output pin
Pulse engine CHARGEPUMP - 5 kHz charge pump signal output (not available on
PoKeys55)
Connection signal output
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I/O
I
O
I/O
I/O
O
55
General purpose digital input/output pin
Recovery mode (RST) signal - PoKeys enters recovery mode if this signal is tied to
GND at startup
Connection signal output
General purpose digital input/output pin
1-wire communication bus (not available on PoKeys55)
Connection signal output
4.1. PoKeys56U/E pin functions graphical overview
Pin 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55
DI
DO
AI
AO
Fast encoders
Ultra fast encoders
LCD
LED
Auxilary output
PWM
Connection signal
Configuration reset
Counters
Special functions
1-wire
not supported
supported
4.2. PoKeys55 pin functions graphical overview (serial numbers above 11500)
4.3. Status LEDs
Each PoKeys devices has the following status LEDs:
-
Red LED – power status: when the power is applied to PoKeys device, this LED is lit
Green LED – connection/communication status: this LED reflects various operating modes of
the PoKeys device
o Fast blinking on startup: device has started in the recovery mode. This enables to
update the firmware and clear the settings in the device.
o Slow blinking on startup (PoKeys56E): PoKeys device is waiting for DHCP settings
o Solid: device is in normal operation mode
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5. Requirements
5.1. USB devices
-
One available USB 1.1 or USB 2.0 port
USB HID device driver enabled operating system (Windows 98 SE/ME/2000/XP/Vista, Linux,
Mac OS)
Included software requires Windows 2000/XP/Vista/Windows 7 with .NET framework 3.5
installed (ONLY FOR SYSTEMS WHERE THE DEVICES WILL BE CONFIGURED, TARGET SYSTEM
NEEDS NO SOFTWARE INSTALLATION FOR THE DEVICE TO OPERATE AS A STANDARD USB
KEYBOARD AND JOYSTICK).
5.2. Network devices
-
Ethernet connection between host computer and PoKeys56E device
5V DC power supply with 400 mA. If any additional peripheral is connected to PoKeys56E,
use appropriately more powerful power supply.
Included software requires Windows 2000/XP/Vista/Windows 7 with .NET framework 3.5
installed (ONLY FOR SYSTEMS WHERE THE DEVICES WILL BE CONFIGURED, TARGET SYSTEM
NEEDS NO SOFTWARE INSTALLATION FOR THE DEVICE TO OPERATE AS A STANDARD
NETWORK DEVICE).
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6. Technical specifications
6.1. PoKeys55 and PoKeys56U dimensions
Measurements are in mm, all holes have 3mm diameter.
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6.2. PoKeys56E dimensions
Measurements are in mm, all holes have 3mm diameter.
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6.3. Electrical specification – limiting values
Symbol
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit
VIA
VI
Vesd
analog input voltage on ADC related pins
Input voltage on other pins
electrostatic discharge
-0.5
-0.5
-4000
5.1
6.0
4000
V
V
V
6.4. Electrical specification – static characteristic
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
VI
VO
VIH
VI_analog
VO_analog
VIL
Vhys
VOH
VOL
IOH
IOL
IOHS
input voltage
output voltage
HIGH-level input voltage
analog input voltage
analog output voltage
LOW-level input voltage
hysteresis voltage
HIGH-level output voltage
LOW-level output voltage
HIGH-level output current
LOW-level output current
HIGH-level short-circuit
output current
LOW-level short-circuit
output current
pull-up current
5V pin source current
5V power supply current
for PoKeys56E without
peripherals
pin configured as digital input
pin configured as digital output
IOH = -4 mA
IOH = 4 mA
VOH = 2.9 V
VOL = 0.4 V
VOH = 0 V
0
0
2.0
0
0
0.4
2.9
-4
4
-
-
5.5
3.3
3.3
3.3
0.8
0.4
-45
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
mA
mA
mA
VOL = 3.3V
-
-
50
mA
0 (VI >= 3.3V)
-50
250
300
-100
400
400
µA
mA
mA
IOLS
Ipu
I5V
I5V
pin configured as analog input
pin configured as analog output
6.5. Power supply for PoKeys56E
PoKeys56E requires external 5V power supply to be connected to the board. If any additional
peripheral is connected to PoKeys56E board, combined current of peripheral and PoKeys56E board
must be taken into consideration when selecting the power supply.
Due to the protection diode in the circuit, a 0.8 V voltage drop can be observed between input
voltage and 5V pin. When supplying the PoKeys56E board with 5V power supply, take care when
connecting peripherals that require 5V supply voltage (e.g., LCD displays).
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7. Installation
PoKeys55 and PoKeys56U are USB 1.1/2.0 compliant devices and as such require no additional
drivers for operation as a standard USB keyboard and joystick.
PoKeys56E is an Ethernet device that requires an Ethernet connection between host computer and
the device and 5V power supply. No additional drivers are required. Network firewalls must allow all
traffic on TCP/UDP port 20055.
To operate the device after the device has been configured there is no software installation
necessary on a target system.
To configure the device the supplied software must be installed and the requirements listed in
previous section of this manual must be met.
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8. PoKeys configuration options
8.1. Digital inputs and outputs
Any of the 55 pins, available on the terminals on the PoKeys PCB, can be configured as digital input or
output with selectable polarity. All pins have a weak pull-up resistor enabled and are 5V tollerant.
At every startup, all digital input or output configured pins are preset as digital input pins (with the
weak pull-up resistor pulling the state of the pin to logical 1). To enable output function on a selected
pin, SetPinFunction command must be executed. This behaviour can be disabled using the
SetAutoSetOutputs command or via PoKeys configuration software (Settings > Initialize outputs on
startup). Each output pin can sink or source up to 4 mA of current, with the limitation that the pins
combined source or sink current does not exceed 100 mA.
All digital input pins on PoKeys55 or PoKeys56U can be configured to simulate a configurable USB
keyboard key. When there is a high state on pin (on low state when using inverted polarity option)
PoKeys device sends a USB message with the key code and modifier associated with this pin.
Moreover, PoKeys device can simulate a series of key presses, what is called a macro sequence. Up to
64 different macro sequences can be setup with the combined total length of 3584 characters with
each macro sequence shorter than 128 keys. All macros can be labelled with a 7-character name.
Character codes (most frequently used are listed in the Appendix to this document) are USB HID
standard keyboard codes.
An extension to the USB keyboard mapping described above, PoKeys supports also triggered
mapping of inputs to USB keyboard keys. In triggered mapping mode, only pin state transitions (lowto-high or high-to-low trigger a USB key press) with different key combinations for each transition.
Type-matic like repeat and delay is an additional extension to the triggered key mapping. Instead of
relying on the user’s system to trigger key repeat events, PoKeys can be configured to simulate
repeated key presses at the predefined rate (period between two key presses is adjustable in 5 ms
cycles – 0.78 to 200 repeats possible1) after a predefined delay (adjustable in steps of 5 ms – 0 to
1275 ms possible).
PoKeys configuration software usage
There is graphical representation for configuration of each PoKeys device’s pin on left and right side
of main window. To change pin function, click on pin name and change its function in central ‘Pin
settings’ frame.
1
The maximum repeat rate depends on the user's system
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Figure 1: PoKeys configuration window
There are 6 main pin functions possible: inactive, digital input, triggered digital input, digital output,
analog input and analog output.
Inactive
Any pin (except those fixly mapped to an activated peripheral) can be set as inactive. Inactive pin is
put in high-Z state with internal pull-up resistors enabled.
Digital input
Any one of the 55 pins can be configured as digital input by selecting ‘Digital input’ option box. If the
pin polarity is wished to be inverted, check the 'Invert pin' box.
There are several additional possibilities for digital input pin functions.
Direct key mapping – only for USB devices
Digital input set up for direct key mapping acts like a keyboard key. When there is a high state on pin
(on low state when using inverted option), PoKeys55/PoKeys56U sends a key associated with this
pin. Select a keyboard key from drop-down box and check appropriate key modifiers (Shift, Ctrl, …).
Example: Send Alt-F4
Select F4 from drop-down box and check Alt checkbox.
Example: Send ( (opening bracket)
This key kombination differs from your system regional settings. As the PoKeys55/PoKeys56U devices
emulate a system keyboard, key associations depend on current sytem keyboard regional setting. To
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send an opening bracket symbol, one possible solution is to press Shift-8 (in most non-English
countries) or to press Shift-9. Out of this reason there are no such secondary keys listed in dropdown box and must be entered by user as described above.
Example: starting a program on Windows using PoKeys55/PoKeys56U device
On a Windows operating system, users can assign a custom shortcut key to any program shortcut.
Find the shortcut and then right click on it to show the context menu (Step 1). Select Properties (Step
2), and under the Shortcut tab (Step 3), click on the ‘Shortcut key’ text box. Proceed by typing in a
combination that you wish to assign to a particular program (Step 4). Next, open the PoKeys
application and connect to the desired PoKeys device. Click on the pin that will function as a launch
trigger for your application (Step 5). Under Key mapping, select the same keyboard combination that
you assigned to the program shortcut (Step 6). Click on the ‘Send to device’ button (Step 7) to
transfer settings to the device. This will activate the new shortcut.
3
1
4
2
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5
7
6
Figure 2: Setting up PoKeys device
Keyboard macro – only for USB devices
PoKeys55 and PoKeys56U devices support keyboard macros – the key press combinations that can be
up to 256 keys long. To define a keyboard macro, first select Keyboard macro mapping option for one
of the pins. ‘Edit macros’ and ‘Get names’ command buttons become enabled. To add, change or
delete macros click the ‘Edit macros’ button. The following dialog appears
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Figure 3: Macro editing dialog
First select the macro you want to edit. To change macro name, enter desired macro name (up to 7
characters long) in 'Macro name' text box and click 'Change' button. This name is used only to help
user differentiate between multiple macros.
To set macro contents, simply enter text into 'Macro contents' text box. If there is an invalid
character found, the text appears red. When finished, click Write to write macro to device.
List box at the right displays final macro sequence that is sent to PC when the macro gets activated.
Triggered digital input – only for USB devices
Any one of the 55 pins can be configured as triggered digital input by selecting ‘Triggered input’
option box. This pin mode enables user to select a key that is pressed only when a transition in a
signal occurs. Different keys can be selected for ‘LOW-to-HIGH’ or ‘Key up’ event and for ‘HIGH-toLOW’ or ‘Key down’ event. Selecting the keys is similar to Direct key mapping described above.
Digital output
Any one of the 55 pins can be configured as digital output by selecting ‘Digital output’ option box. If
the polarity of the pin is wished to be inverted, check the 'Invert pin' box. On startup, all pins
(although optionally configured as digital output) are by default initialized in high-Z state (behaving
like inputs). To use the outputs, SetPinData should be called before attempting to set the output
state. However, there is an option to disable this behaviour - use the ‘Settings > Initialize outputs on
startup’ option to either enable or disable output activation on PoKeys startup.
View status of digital inputs and outputs
Go to ‘Peripherals > Digital inputs and outputs…’ to display the status dialog as shown below.
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Figure 4: Input and output status dialog
There are 55 pins represented as colored squares in the dialog, organized in the rows of 8 pins. Each
square contains a pin index number in the lower left corner, while the lower right corner is used to
indicate a digital output (small black triangle is displayed on pins, configured as digital outputs). The
color of the square resembles the current state of the pin – green for the activated (HIGH state) and
white for the unactivated (LOW state).
To change the digital output state, first enable ‘Enable output control’ option, then either left or right
click with mouse on the square representing the digital output to activate or deactivate this output.
Applicable PoKeys library commands
Read or set single pin state
GetInput
SetOutput
Read or set single pin function
GetPinData
SetPinData
Read or set single pin key or macro mapping
GetPinKeyMapping
SetPinKeyMapping
GetPinMacroMapping
SetPinMacroMapping
Read or set triggered input mapping
GetTriggeredInputMapping
SetTriggeredInputMapping
Read or set type-matic like delays and rates
GetTypeMaticDelaysAndRates
SetTypeMaticDelaysAndRates
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Reads current state of digital input
Sets digital output state
Reads pin function
Set pin function
Reads pin key mapping
Sets pin key mapping options
Reads pin macro mapping
Set pin macro mappping options
Reads triggered input mapping options
Sets triggered input mapping options
Gets the typematic delay and repeat rate
Sets the typematic delay and repeat rate
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Read or write multiple inputs and outputs
BlockGetInput1 / BlockGetInput2 /
BlockGetInputAll55
BlockSetOutput1/BlockSetOutput2/
BlockSetOutputAll55
Read or set multiple pin configurations
GetAllPinConfiguration
GetAllPinKeyCodes
GetAllPinKeyMapping
GetAllPinKeyModifierss
SetAllPinConfiguration
SetAllPinKeyCodes
SetAllPinKeyMapping
SetAllPinKeyModifierss
Read or set automatic output initalization option
GetAutoSetOutputs
SetAutoSetOutputs
Macro-related commands
GetMacroKeys
GetMacroName
MacroCreate
MacroDelete
MacroGetActiveMacros
MacroGetFreeSpace
MacroGetLength
MacroModifyLength
MacroSaveConfiguration
SetMacroKeys
SetMacroName
COM_Execute command
COM_ExecuteInner with the following parameters:
- GetDigitalPinValues
- SetDigitalPinValues
- GetPinConfiguration
- SetPinConfiguration
Raw basic device report
GetFullDeviceReport
Read block of inputs (1 to 32) / (33 to 55) /
(1 to 55)
Set block of outputs (1 to 32) / (33 to 55) /
(1 to 55)
Read pin configuration for all pins
Read pin key codes for all pins
Read pin key mapping for all pins
Read pin key modifiers for all pins
Set pin configuration for all pins
Set pin key codes for all pins
Set pin key mapping for all pins
Set pin key modifiers for all pins
Get automatic outputs initialization option
Set automatic outputs initialization option
Read key mapping for a macro
Read macro name
Reserve the space for a new macro
Delete a specific macro
Read the macro activation status
Get free space for macros
Read macro length
Modify the length of a macro
Save configuration of macros
Set key mapping for a macro
Set macro name
Read digital inputs
Set digital outputs
Read pins configuration
Set pins configuration
Set and read full device report
8.2. Connection signal output
Connection signal pin status can be set for pins 48 to 55. When USB connection with PC is established
(or ethernet link is established on PoKeys56E), pin for which 'Connection signal pin status' is enabled,
will be put into high state (or low state if pin polarity is setup as inverted). If the connection with PC
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is lost and power through USB is still available (or ethernet link is lost on PoKeys56E), pin will go into
low state (or high state if pin polarity is setup as inverted).
This command must not be confused with Failsafe settings, which are based on the communication
timeout and not only link status.
PoKeys configuration software usage
To enable connection signal output, select one of the pins 48 to 55, then first select ‘Digital output’
option for this pin and check the ‘Connection signal’ option.
Figure 5: Connection signal setup
Applicable PoKeys library commands
Read or set connection signal setup
GetConnectionSignalData
SetConnectionSignalData
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Retrieves connection signal pins data
Sets connection signal pins data
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8.3. Digital counters (only on PoKeys56 devices)
Selected pins of the PoKeys56U and PoKeys56E can be setup to count the number of signal
transitions on those pins. Pin digital counter can be setup to be incremented/decremented on rising,
falling or rising and falling edges of the input signal. If needed, additional pin can be selected to
toggle between incrementing and decrementing mode.
For the list of pins that support digital counter option go to Device pin functions chapter of this
manual.
If switches are used in the combination with digital counters, external debouncing circuit must be
installed.
PoKeys configuration software usage
To setup digital counter inputs, first set the selected pin as ‘Digital input’ and if digital counter is
available on the selected pin, the ‘Enable counter’ option will be enabled. Check this option and
check ‘rising’ and/or ‘falling’ edge counting option.
To enable selection between incrementing or decrementing counter modes, a direction pin can be
selected in the ‘Direction pin’ drop-down menu. If no pin is selected, the counter mode defaults to
incrementing mode.
Digital counters values status page (menu ‘Peripherals > Digital counters values…’) can be used to
check the proper working of the configured digital counters.
Applicable PoKeys library commands
Read or set single pin digital counter configuration
Reads pin data with counter options
GetPinData
SetPinData
Set pin data with counter options
GetDigitalCounterDirectionPin
Reads direction pins for the digital counters
SetDigitalCounterDirectionPin
Sets direction pins for the digital counters
Checks if specified pin supports digital
IsCounterAvailable
counter
Read or set multiple pin digital counter configuration
Read pin configuration for all pins with
GetAllPinConfiguration
digital counter options
SetAllPinConfiguration
Set pin configuration for all pins with digital
counter options
Read or set digital counters values
Reads current values of digital counters
GetDigitalCountersValues
Resets values of digital counters
ResetDigitalCounters
COM_Execute command
COM_ExecuteInner with the following parameters:
- GetDigitalCounterValues
- GetPinConfiguration
- SetPinConfiguration
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8.4. Encoders
PoKeys devices can handle decoding of up to 26 (25 on PoKeys55) pairs of quadrature encoder
signals. A and B signals of 25 'normal' encoders can be connected to any digital input and are
intended for hand-driven rotational encoder switches with the quadrature signal frequencies up to 1
kHz.
Three fast encoders input pairs are available only on selected input pins (pins 1-2 as encoder 1, pins
3-4 as encoder 2, pins 15-16 as encoder 3 on PoKeys55 devices and pins 1-2 as encoder 1, pins 5-6
as encoder 2, pins 15-16 as encoder 3 on PoKeys56U and PoKeys56E devices) and can handle
quadrature signal frequencies to about 100 kHz. When activated, fast encoders logically replace the
'normal' encoders 1, 2 and 3.
On PoKeys56U and PoKeys56E devices, ultra-fast encoder support is available on pins 8, 12 with the
optional index signal input on pin 13. This can handle even higher frequencies.
Samilarly as simple digital inputs, encoders can be assigned to direct key mapping or keyboard macro
(only with USB devices). This is possible for both directions (CW and CCW) separately.
If needed, encoder inputs can be incremented or decremented on every detected signal edge,
increasing the resolution of the encoder for a factor of 4.
PoKeys configuration software usage
To enable encoder input on the selected pin, define the pin as digital input, select encoder index with
numerical up-down selector and select appropriate encoder channel. The last step is to check the box
‘Encoder’.
If needed, encoder inputs can be incremented or decremented 4x faster, therefore each complete
step will produce increment or decrement of 4 sub-steps. Using this setting, higher precision can be
obtained.
To assign a key combination (only on USB devices) associated with the encoder, use the same
procedure as described in the ‘Digital inputs and ouputs’ section. Each encoder is connected to
PoKeys device with two signals and each of the pins that the encoder is connected to changes the
keyboard mapping operation when encoder option is activated. Instead of being activated on each A
and B signal front, keys are triggered on encoder value increment or decrement event. The key
mapping settings however are setup on the pins that the encoder is connected to.
Enabling fast encoders
To enable fast encoders, go to menu 'Peripherals' and select 'Enable fast encoders'. Fast encoders
inputs are fixed to pins 1,2 for fast encoder input 1, pins 3,4 for fast encoder input 2 and pins 15,16
for fast encoder input 3.
Displaying encoder raw values
To open encoder raw values dialog, go to Peripherals menu and select ‘Encoder RAW values’. The
following dialog below appears. It simply shows the list of all encoders and their current values. In
additional column, current encoder speed is displayed.
Status of the fast encoders is displayed in green, while the status of an ordinary encoder is displayed
in light grey. Inactive encoders are displayed as dark grey boxes.
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At the bottom of the window, there is a command button that can be used to reset the encoders’
values.
Figure 6: Encoders' RAW values
Applicable PoKeys library commands
Read single encoder value
Read current encoder value
GetEncoderValue
GetEncoderRAWValue
Read encoder RAW value
Read or set single encoder configuration
Read encoder settings
GetEncoderSettings
SetEncoderSettings
Set encoder settings
Read or set single encoder keyboard mapping configuration
Reads encoder mapping configuration for
GetEncoderKeyMappingDirA
direction A
GetEncoderKeyMappingDirB
Reads encoder mapping configuration for
direction B
SetEncoderKeyMappingDirA
Set encoder key mapping for direction A
SetEncoderKeyMappingDirB
Set encoder key mapping for direction B
Read or set multiple encoders' values
Read RAW value for encoders 1 to 13
GetEncoders1_13_RAWValue
GetEncoders14_25_RAWValue
Read RAW value for encoders 14 to 25
GetEncoders14_26_RAWValue
Read RAW value for encoders 14 to 26
(with ultra fast encoder as 26)
Write RAW value for encoders 1 to 13
SetEncoders1_13_RAWValue
SetEncoders14_25_RAWValue
Write RAW value for encoders 14 to 25
Reset encoder value to 0
ResetEncoderValue
Read or set multiple encoders' configurations
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GetAllEncoderChannelPinMappings
GetAllEncoderKeyMappingsDirA
GetAllEncoderKeyMappingsDirB
GetAllEncoderOptions
SetAllEncoderOptions
SetAllEncoderChannelPinMappings
SetAllEncoderKeyMappingsDirA
SetAllEncoderKeyMappingsDirB
Read or set fast encoders configuration
GetFastEncodersStatus
GetFastEncodersStatusWOptions
SetFastEncodersStatus
SetFastEncodersStatusWOptions
Read or set ultra-fast encoders configuration
GetUltraFastEncodersSettings
SetUltraFastEncodersSettings
COM_Execute command
COM_ExecuteInner with the following parameters:
- GetEncoderValues
- SetEncoderValues
- GetPeripheralConfiguration
- SetPeripheralConfiguration
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Get encoder pin mapping for all encoders
Get encoder pin codes and modifiers for all
encoders for direction A
Get encoder pin codes and modifiers for all
encoders for direction B
Read encoder options for all encoders
Set encoder options for all encoders
Set encoder pin mapping for all encoders
Set encoder pin codes and modifiers for all
encoders for direction A
Get encoder pin codes and modifiers for all
encoders for direction B
Read fast encoder settings
Read fast encoder settings and options
Set fast encoder settings
Set fast encoder settings
Get ultra fast encoder settings
Set ultra fast encoder settings
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8.5. Matrix keyboard
Matrix keyboard is a set of buttons, connected into a mesh. All buttons in a row share one contact,
same goes for each of the buttons in the column. If a button is pressed, a key press is detected with a
periodic scanning of each of the rows and columns. PoKeys devices use digital outputs for setting the
voltage levels on rows and read column voltage levels using digital inputs that already have internal
pull-up resistors, so no external circuitry is needed.
PoKeys devices support matrix keyboards of up to 16x8 in size, simpler 3x3, 4x3, 4x4 and others are
of course fully supported.
Similarly to simple digital inputs, keys of the matrix keyboard connected to the PoKeys55/PoKeys56U
device can be configured as USB keyboard keys. Direct mapping, mapping to macro sequence and
triggered mapping are all supported. Additional alternate function can be used to assign two
different keyboard keys to each of the matrix keyboard buttons. If additional (and freely selectable
from the list of digital inputs) Fn+ input pin is inactive, the default function key is used. If the Fn+ key
input pin is activated, an alternate function key is used instead of the default.
On all devices, the status of key presses of the matrix keyboard can be read using the PoKeys library
commands without the need to setup the mapping described above.
Figure 7: Standard 4x3 matrix keyboard
Figure 8: 4x4 matrix keyboard internal structure
PoKeys configuration software usage
Before any matrix keyboard configuration can be done, go to ‘Peripherals > Matrix keyboard…’, check
the ‘Enable matrix keyboard’ option and select the number of rows and columns. Close the dialog
and continue by selecting column and row pins.
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Figure 9: Assigning row and column pins
Matrix keyboard column selection
Each free digital input pin can be assigned as matrix keyboard column input. Make sure the selected
pin is configured as digital input, then check the ‘Matrix keyboard’ option for the pin and select the
appropriate column letter from the list.
Matrix keyboard row selection
Each free digital output pin can be assigned as matrix keyboard row output. Make sure the selected
pin is configured as digital output, then check the ‘Matrix keyboard’ option for the pin and select the
appropriate row number from the list.
Keyboard mapping configuration
For configuring the keyboard mapping, open the ‘Peripherals > Matrix keyboard…’ menu. Matrix
keyboard is schematically drawn in the dialog below. On the right, key mapping settings can be
selected (on PoKeys55/PoKeys56U devices). To setup mapping, click on one of the keys in the matrix
keyboard drawing and select appropriate key mapping options on the right.
To test the matrix keyboard, first make sure that the settings have been saved to device (close the
Matrix keyboard dialog and click on ‘Send to device’ button). The matrix keyboard dialog can then be
used to test the matrix keyboard – just press any key on your matrix keyboard and the appropriate
button in the matrix keyboard drawing will be highlighted.
To setup different key presses for ‘key press’ and ‘key release’ events, check ‘Triggered mapping’
option and select different settings for ‘Down key’ (‘key press’ event) and ‘Up key’ (‘key release’
event).
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Figure 10: Matrix keyboard configuration for a 4x3 matrix keyboard
Applicable PoKeys library commands
Read matrix keyboard status
Read matrix keyboard status
GetMatrixKeyboardKeyStatus
Read or set basic matrix keyboard configuration
Read matrix keyboard configuration
GetMatrixKeyboardConfiguration
SetMatrixKeyboardConfiguration
Set matrix keyboard configuration
Read or set matrix configuration with alternate function support
GetMatrixKeyboardConfiguration_AlternateFunc Read matrix keyboard configuration (for
tionSupport
alternate functions mapping)
SetMatrixKeyboardConfiguration_AlternateFunc Set matrix keyboard configuration (for alternate
tionSupport
functions mapping)
Read or set matrix configuration with triggered mapping support
GetMatrixKeyboardConfiguration_TriggerSuppo Read matrix keyboard configuration (for
rt
triggered mapping)
SetMatrixKeyboardConfiguration_TriggerSuppo Set matrix keyboard configuration (for triggered
rt
mapping)
COM_Execute command
COM_ExecuteInner
with
the
following
parameters:
- GetMatrixKeyboardConfiguration
- SetMatrixKeyboardConfiguration
- GetMatrixKeyboardKeysStatus
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8.6. Analog inputs
Analog input function is only available for pins 43 to 47 (on PoKeys55 devices) or for pins 41 to 47 (on
PoKeys56 devices). On PoKeys55 and PoKeys56U devices, these analog inputs can also be freely
mapped to any of the 6 joystick axis; X, Y, Z, rotation X, rotation Y and throttle.
Analog inputs (10-bit on PoKeys55 and 12-bit pn PoKeys56U/PoKeys56E) are sampled at a fixed rate
of 10 kHz and fed through adjustable discrete low-pass filter with the following equation
( )
(
)
( )
where y(k) is the output analog value, u(k) is a new A/D sample and filter is a user-adjustable
constant. Sample u(k) is produced according to the following equation
PoKeys56U/PoKeys56E
( )[ ]
( )
( )
PoKeys55
( )[ ]
where U(k) (in Volts) is a voltage present on the selected analog input pin.
PoKeys configuration software usage
To open analog inputs dialog, go to Peripherals menu and select ‘Analog inputs and outputs’. Dialog
below appears. To enable display of analog input channel, check the appropriate check box. It is
enabled only when the input is set up as analog input.
The progress bar displays the current voltage at the pin with the maximum at 3.3V. Below the input
selection boxes user can set low-pass filtering for analog inputs. When analog input signal appears to
be flickering or jumping due to analog signal noise, move the value for the filter to the right towards
label ‘slow signals’ and then press Set button.
If pin 43 is set as analog output (only on PoKeys55 devices), analog value can be set for this pin.
Figure 11: Analog inputs and outputs dialog
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Applicable PoKeys library commands
Read single analog input value
GetAnalogInput
Read or set single pin function
GetPinData
SetPinData
Read all analog inputs
GetAllAnalogInputs
Read analog input maximum value
GetAnalogValueMax
Read or set analog low-pass filter parameter
GetAnalogRCFilterValue
SetAnalogRCFilterValue
COM_Execute command
COM_ExecuteInner with the following parameters:
- GetAnalogPinValues
40
Read analog input value
Reads pin function
Set pin function
Read all analog inputs in one command
Returns the maximum value of analog input
Read low-pass filter parameter
Set low-pass filter parameter
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8.7. Joystick mapping
Each axis of the PoKeys virtual joystick can be assigned an analog input source. In addition, analog to
digital mapping option can be enabled, which allows user to connect an analog joystick to a PoKeys
devices and simulate key presses for each direction of the joystick. User can freely select dead band
and saturation ranges.
Besides mapping the analog inputs to virtual joystick axes, digital inputs (or encoder switching
events) can be mapped to any of the 32 virtual joystick buttons (either directly or ‘triggered’) or 4way POV hat selector. The triggered mapping to joystick buttons enables used to select different pins
that triggers selected joystick button on off-to-on transition (Down Event) and on on-to-off transition
(Up Event).
PoKeys configuration software usage
Joystick axis and buttons mapping can be setup via Joystick mapping dialog. Go to ‘Peripherals’ and
select ‘Joystick settings…’. The dialog on Figure 12 appears.
Each axis can be assigned an analog input. In addition, analog to digital mapping option can be
enabled. This allows user to connect an analog joystick to a PoKeys devices and simulate key presses
for each direction of the joystick. To do so, first check ‘Map to key’ option. Then set the dead band
(when input value will be between lower and upper dead band margins, no keys will be activated)
using sliders. In the lower part of the window, select the mapping options.
For simple direct mapping (pin input status is directly reflected in joystick button status) use the
‘Direct mapping’ option and select pin number to be associated with selected joystick button. If more
advanced behavior is needed (joystick button is pressed for a short time only on transitions of pin
status), user should select ‘Triggered mapping’ option to select one pin that triggers selected joystick
button on off-to-on transition (Down Event) and one pin that triggers this joystick button on on-tooff transition (Up Event).
If joystick button mapping is to be used in connection with encoder inputs, use ‘Triggered mapping’
option (encoder’s values cannot be directly translated into direct mapping) and select a pin with the
appropriate encoder channel. For example: pins 5 and 6 are set up as digital inputs with encoder
(channel A on pin 5 and channel B on pin 6). When pin 5 is selected as Down event pin for joystick
Button 2 and pin 6 is selected as Down event pin for joystick Button 3, rotating the encoder in
positive direction will trigger joystick Button 2 on each detent. Similarly, rotating the encoder in
negative direction, joystick Button 3 will be triggered on each detent. Up Event pin option cannot be
used in connection with encoders.
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Figure 12: Joystick mapping settings
Applicable PoKeys library commands
Read or set joystick axes and buttons mapping
Read joystick mapping options
GetJoystickMapping
SetJoystickMapping
Set joystick mapping options
Read or set joystick triggered mapping
Read joystick triggered mapping options
GetJoystickTriggeredMapping
SetJoystickTriggeredMapping
Set joystick triggered mapping options
Read or set analog to digital mapping
Read joystick analog to digital mapping configuration
GetJoystickDigitalMapping
SetJoystickDigitalMapping
Set joystick analog to digital mapping configuration
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8.8. PWM outputs
PoKeys55, PoKeys56U and PoKeys56E devices support PWM output function on 6 pins (pins 17 to
22). Different duty cycles can be assigned to each PWM output however, all outputs share the same
PWM period. PWM outputs can be easily amplified using an external transistor and used for control
of loads with increased current demand. PoKeys PWM outputs can also be used to drive various R/C
servo motors that accept PWM signal with 50 Hz frequency (20 ms PWM period) and duty cycles
between 5 and 10 % (1 to 2 ms).
PoKeys devices have an in-built PWM module that operates at a fixed clock frequency (12 MHz in
PoKeys55 devices and 25 MHz in PoKeys56U and PoKeys56E devices). Both the PWM period and the
PWM duty cycles must be expressed as number of module clock cycles (i.e. 20 ms PWM period
equates to 0.020 x 25 000 000 = 500 000 on PoKeys56U/E devices).
Figure 13: PWM output
PoKeys configuration software usage
PoKeys device’s PWM (pulse width modulation) module can be setup via Peripherals > PWM
outputs….
Figure 14: PWM outputs settings
In this window, user can enter PWM period and set PWM duties for each channel. Channels can be
independently enabled or disabled. After a change is made, user must click 'Set values' button or
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check 'Send to device on change' checkbox. Left position of a slider means 0% and right position
100% respectively.
Applicable PoKeys library commands
Read or set PWM outputs configuration
Set PWM period and duty cycles
SetPWMOutputs
GetPWMOutputs
Get PWM period and duty cycles
Read PWM module frequency
Read the PWM module base frequency
GetPWMFrequency
COM_Execute command
COM_ExecuteInner with the following parameters:
- SetPWMOutputs
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8.9. Matrix LED output
PoKeys devices support 2 additional external 8x8 LED matrix
displays. Each display is based on 2 8-bit shift registers, one
controlling the row and the other controlling the column signals.
PoKeys refreshes the display at the rate of 2800 rows per second
(which gives around 350 Hz refresh rate of the whole 8x8 display).
Once enabled, PoKeys device assigns pins 9, 10 and 11 to be used
with display 1, and pins 23, 24, 25 to be used with display 2.
Function
data
latch
clock
Matrix LED display 1
9
10
11
Matrix LED display 2
23
24
25
Table 1: Matrix LED displays pin assignments
Figure 15: Matrix LED display deserialization circuit
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PoKeys configuration software usage
To set-up matrix LED displays, open 'Peripherals > LED displays…'. The following dialog appears
Figure 16: Matrix LED setup dialog
For each of the displays, number of rows and columns can be selected. On the bottom, after enabling
'Live test display x', user can test the displays in real-time by clicking on gray rectangles. Left-click
turn-s selected pixel on, while right-click resets selected pixel.
Applicable PoKeys library commands
Read or set matrix LED settings
MatrixLEDGetSettings
MatrixLEDSetSettings
Matrix LED commands
MatrixLED1ClearAll
MatrixLED1SetPixel
MatrixLED1Update
MatrixLED2ClearAll
MatrixLED2SetPixel
MatrixLED2Update
Get matrix LED settings
Set matrix LED settings
Clear matrix LED 1
Set pixel on matrix LED 1
Matrix LED 1 update
Clear matrix LED 2
Set pixel on matrix LED 2
Matrix LED 2 update
COM_Execute command
COM_ExecuteInner with the following parameters:
- SetMatrixLEDconf
- SetMatrixLEDstat
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8.10. LCD
PoKeys devices support connecting one alphanumeric LCD module up to a size of 4x20 (4 rows, 20
columns). The selection of the module is limited by support for HD44780 or compatible chipset.
Usually these displays come in various sizes - 1/2/4 line with 8/16/20 characters and colors (black
letters on green background, white letters on blue background ...).
Figure 17: Typical 2x16 character LCD
These displays share standard pin-out that is listed in the table below:
Pin
1
2
3
Symbol
Vss
Vdd
Vo
Function
Ground
Positive supply (usually 5V)2
Contrast adjustment
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
RS
R/W
E
DB0
DB1
DB2
DB3
DB4
DB5
DB6
DB7
Backlight (optional)
Backlight (optional)
Instruction/data input
Read/write
Enable signal
Data bus – bit 0
Data bus – bit 1
Data bus – bit 2
Data bus – bit 3
Data bus – bit 4
Data bus – bit 5
Data bus – bit 6
Data bus – bit 7
PoKeys pin
GND
5V (usually) or 3.3V
Variable resistor between GND
and supply or PWM output
Pin 29
Pin 28
Pin 30
Not connected
Not connected
Not connected
Not connected
Pin 26 (or secondary 34)
Pin 25 (or secondary 33)
Pin 24 (or secondary 32)
Pin 23 (or secondary 31)
Table 2: LCD pin assignments
LCD display can be used to display various data. A third-party application or a script can execute all
supported operations, including LCD initializing, clearing, moving cursor, setting display shifting
mode, custom character defining and displaying text.
2
Positive supply voltage depends on LCD used. User should find this information in datasheet of the LCD in use.
On PoKeys56E take special care that the power supply voltage for the LCD is adequate (there is 0.8 V of
voltage drop between power supply input and 5V pin).
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PoKeys56U and PoKeys56E devices by default function in buffered LCD mode. In this mode, any LCDrelated command that is sent to PoKeys device is first buffered and when possible, PoKeys device
executes the LCD refresh on its own. In this mode, some LCD operations are not operational – cursor
movement is controlled by the PoKeys device and cursor move or display commands may not work
as expected. If this low-level control is desirable, buffered mode must be deactivated first. In other
cases, it is advisable to use buffered mode in order to allow better load balancing in PoKeys devices
and in the end attain greater communication speed.
Before LCD initialization, the LCD module size (number of rows and columns) must be specified and
appropriate pin assignment (primary or secondary, see the table above) must be selected. Secondary
pins must be selected in case of matrix LED display 2 in use.
PoKeys configuration software usage
Functions of this interface can be tested through PoKeys settings application. Just open Peripherals >
Test LCD… and dialog below will appear.
Figure 18: Character LCD testing dialog
LCD settings
In this part, user can set number of rows and columns in the LCD used. Support for LCD can be
enabled or disabled also. Data pins for LCD can be selected on primary (23 to 26) or secondary (31 to
34) pins. Secondary pins must be selected in case of matrix LED display 2 is in use.
LCD operations
Before user can start using the LCD, LCD module must be initialized. This is done via 'Initialize LCD'
button. Button 'Clear LCD' clears LCD display and moves cursor to home position.
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User can also set entry mode settings of LCD module. Cursor can be set-up to move either right
(normally) or left after each character displayed. If 'Display' shift is enabled, whole display shifts with
every new character displayed.
Settings are processed after user clicks button 'Set Entry mode' and work only in ‘unbuffered’ mode
described above.
Display on/off settings
User can set on/off switches for whole display, cursor and cursor blinking.
Settings are processed after user clicks button 'Set LCD on/off' work only in ‘unbuffered’ mode
described above.
Custom characters
Simple interface enables to draw up to 8 custom characters. These characters can then be used on
display. Selecting 'Live edit' mode will transfer the character each time a change is made to any of
the pixels. Character can be previewed via button 'Print', which puts current custom character on the
LCD display.
Move cursor
This section enabled user to move cursor to any position on the screen works only in ‘unbuffered’
mode described above.
Print text
Sends entered text to display module. If advanced characters are needed, enter character code in
lower text box and press 'Print character'.
Applicable PoKeys library commands
Read or set LCD module configuration
LCDGetSettings
LCDSetSettings
LCD operations
LCDInit
LCDClear
LCDSetEntryMode
LCDDisplayOnOffControl
LCDSetMode
LCDGotoXY
Read LCD module settings
Set LCD module settings
Initialize LCD display
Clear LCD display
Set entry mode for LCD
Set LCD display on/off status
Set LCD display mode
Move cursor to a specified position in the display
Display text on LCD
Print a string on the LCD display
LCDPrint
LCDPutc
Put a single character on LCD display
Define a custom character in the LCD display memory
LCDDefineCustomCharacter
COM_Execute command
COM_ExecuteInner with the following
parameters:
- LCD
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8.11. Pulse engine
PoKeys Pulse engine (available on PoKeys56U and PoKeys56E devices) enables the control of up to
three stepper motors. PoKeys Pulse engine can work in standalone (rapid positioning and speed
control mode, homing, jogging via kbd48CNC keyboard) or in slave mode (under the command of the
PC application). For each stepper motor, two end (or limit) switches and one home switch are
supported and can be configured by the software. PoKeys Pulse engine also supports a dedicated
emergency switch input, which stops the pulse generation.
PoKeys device pins in use
Pin
Function
32
Limit+ switch – x
33
Limit+ switch – y
34
Limit+ switch – z
35
Limit- switch – x
36
Limit- switch – y
37
Limit- switch – z
38
Direction output – x
39
Direction output – y
40
Direction output – z
46 ! Step output – x
48 ! Step output – y (external 470 Ω pull-up resistor required)
49 ! Step output – z (external 470 Ω pull-up resistor needed)
47
Home switch – x
50
Home switch – y
51
Home switch – z
52
Emergency switch input
53
Safety charge pump 5 kHz output
Pulse engine operating principles
PoKeys Pulse engine divides the operation in 1 millisecond time slots, during which the pulse
frequency is held constant, and supports the generation of up to 25 pulses per 1 millisecond time slot
(which equates to 25 kHz maximum pulse frequency supported).
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At each time slot beginning, the limit and home switches are read and evaluated. If emergency
switch or any limit switch is activated (enabled in the configuration) and the switch is tripped, the
pulse engine is put into STOP mode and no more pulses are generated (with hard-stop mechanism).
However, when in standalone jogging mode, the limit switches are ignored. If STOP condition is not
met, the Pulse engine uses the data in the slot buffer to set the pulse frequency in the next time step.
The slot buffer is 128-slots deep buffer that holds pulse frequencies for each axis, giving a 128
millisecond buffered motion period. Each slot entry in the buffer holds 3 bytes (1 byte per axis) and
each axis entry uses 7-bits for pulse frequency and MSB bit for the direction signal (if MSB bit is set,
the direction output is activated).
Fill buffer command is used to transfer the data to the slot buffer. Application that uses the fill buffer
command should send as much time slot data as possible. PoKeys Pulse engine will then return the
number of accepted time slots. This omits the need of additional query on the buffer free space in
PoKeys Pulse engine buffer. Application should only then increase the 'read pointer' based on the
number of accepted slots. Additionally, fill buffer command returns a number of parameters of the
pulse engine (position, engine state, state of limit and home switches and states of each axis).
Modes of operation
 Stopped: the pulse engine does not generate any pulses.
 Error: the pulse engine encountered an error (e.g. limit switch was activated).
 Homing: homing mode is activated. In this mode, one or more axes can be homed. The
selected axis (or axes) moves in negative direction at predefined fraction of the maximum
speed until the home switch is tripped. Then, the direction is changed to positive and speed
decreased to half the previous speed. When the switch is tripped, the internal position
counter is reset and the axis is commanded to stop. This operation does not include moving
back to position 0. The state of homing procedure is reflected in axes states.
 Jogging: each axis can be moved in jogging mode. Jogging mode also overrides the limit
switches. Only set_speed internal controller is functional in this mode with speed limited by
the axis parameters.
 Buffer: the internal controller is disabled and the slots are fed direclty from a slot buffer,
which must be constantly filled by the external application.
 Internal: the internal controller supports two modes:
o Internal position control: moves the axis to the desired position, following the
limitations set by the axis parameters,
o Internal speed control: moves the axis at the desired speed, following the limitations
set by the axis parameters.
Both internal modes and buffer mode utilize the internal buffer for operation. Therefore the
fluctuations in the free space of the slot buffer can be observed in this modes. Before utilizing the
buffer mode after internal controller mode, external application must either wait 10 ms for the
buffer to clear or clear the buffer using the clear buffer command.
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Safety charge-pump output
When activated, 5 kHz square safety charge-pump signal is present on pin 53 if the Pulse engine is in
normal operating mode (i.e. not in Stopped or Error mode).
Axis parameters
Internal mode uses the following axis parameters of motion:






Maximum speed: maximum frequency of pulses (in pulses/s)
Acceleration: maximum acceleration (in pulses/s^2)
Deceleration: maximum deceleration (in pulses/s^2)
Limit and home switches configuration: each of the 6 limit and 3 home switch inputs can be
enabled or disabled
Direction change configuration: direction can be changed separately for each of the axes
Homing direction configuration: direction of homing can be changed separately for each of
the axes
PoKeys configuration software usage
Functions of the PoKeys Pulse engine can be tested using the ‘Pulse engine status/control’ dialog,
accessed by a separate menu item ‘Pulse engine’.
Figure 19: PoKeys Pulse engine status/control dialog
Applicable PoKeys library commands
Read or set pulse engine configuration and status
Read pulse engine parameters (maximal speed,
PE_GetParameters
acceleration, deceleration)
PE_SetParameters
Set pulse engine parameters (maximal speed, acceleration,
deceleration)
PE_GetInfo
Read pulse engine information (number of supported axes,
maximum pulse frequency, motion buffer depth, motion
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PE_GetStatus
PE_SetStatus
PE_GetAxesConfiguration
PE_SetAxesConfiguration
Internal controller commands
PE_Move
PE_SetCurrentPosition
PE_StartHoming
Buffered mode commands
PE_ClearBuffer
PE_FillBuffer
PE_GetFreeBufferSize
53
slot timing)
Read the pulse engine status (current axes positions and
states, switches status, main pulse engine state and status)
Set pulse engine enabled state
Read axis configuration (move direction, homing direction,
presence of home and limit switches)
Set the axis configuration
Execute a move using the internal controller (pulse engine
must be in internal controller mode for this command to
work)
Set current axes position register value
Execute homing for the selected axes
Clear (purge) the internal motion buffer
Send motion buffer entries
Read the motion buffer empty space
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8.12. PoExtBus
PoExtBus bus support enables user to add additional 10 8-bit shift registers to the project based on
PoKeys device. This gives additional 80 digital outputs that can be easily controlled with included dll
interface or other 3rd party interface for PoKeys device.
On PoKeys55, device assigns pins 35, 36 and 37 to be used with PoExtBus. On PoKeys56 series, there
is a dedicated connector on the board, which serves for the PoExtBus functions.
Function
Clock
Data
Latch
ExtBus – PoKeys pin
35
36
37
Table 3: PoExtBus pin assignments
Figure 20: PoExtBus deserialization circuit
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PoKeys configuration software usage
To set-up and test PoExtBus, open 'Peripherals' > PoExtBus...'. The dialog below (Figure 21) appears.
By using mouse left and right clicks, user can turn on or off each of the outputs.
Figure 21: PoExtBus setup dialog
Applicable PoKeys library commands
Read or set PoExtBus configuration and status
Read PoExtBus configuration
AuxilaryBusGetData
AuxilaryBusSetData
Set PoExtBus configuration and data
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8.13. PoNET
PoKeys56 devices support PoNET devices that extend PoKeys56 functionality. Multiple PoNET and
PoExtBus devices can be linked together. While the PoNET devices and PoExtBus devices share the
same ExtBus connector, found on PoKeys56 boards, user should pay attention in connecting devices
of both types together (see the schematics below).
All PoNET devices must be connected in parallel to each other and directly to the PoKeys56 board,
while the PoExtBus devices should be connected in series after the PoNET devices.
Adding new devices
After connecting new PoNET device, go to ‘Peripherals > PoNET...’. The following dialog will appear
Figure 22: PoNET settings dialog with an unconfigured device
In order to register new device, double click on the 'Unconfigured device' icon. In the next 10
seconds press any key on the device that is about to be added. If the process is successful, status LED
on the device will stop blinking and will be constantly lit. The device will also be listed as in the dialog
below:
Figure 23: PoNET settings dialog with a successfully configured device
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PoNET kb48CNC keyboard
The device can be virually mapped to PoKeys matrix keyboard. Third party software can set the
status of LEDs under the keys, read the light sensor that measure the amount of light in the
environment and set the intensity of the LEDs.
To map the PoNET keyboard to PoKeys matrix keyboard, initialize the PoNET bus as described above
in 'Adding new devices', select the keyboard in the device list and check the checkbox 'Enable
mapping to matrix keyboard'.
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PoNET/PoExtBus connection example
Pay attention to the following:
-
PoNET device can be connected only to PoKeys56 board or other PoNET device
PoExtBus device can be connected to either PoKeys board, PoNET or PoExtBus
device.
There should be not PoExtBus device connected between any PoNET devices and
PoKeys board
PoExtBus
device
PoKeys56
device
PoNET
device
PoNET
device
PoNET
device
58
PoNET
device
PoExtBus
device
PoKeys56
device
PoNET
device
PoExtBus
device
PoExtBus
device
PoNET
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Applicable PoKeys library commands
Device discovery and initialization commands
Starts 'Register device' procedure
PoNET_AddDeviceStart
PoNET_AddDeviceStatus
Retrieves the status of 'Register device' procedure
PoNET_AddDeviceStop
Stops the 'Register device' procedure
PoNET_CheckForNewDevices
Checks for new devices
PoNET_ReinitializePoNET_noClear
Unregisters all PoExtBus Pro devices (but keeps the
configuration)
PoNET_ReinitializePoNET_wClear
Unregisters all PoExtBus Pro devices and clears the
configuration
Read internal state of the PoI2C engine in PoKeys
Function returns the internal PoI2C state of the PoKeys
PoNET_GetState
device. Look in the protocol specification document under
PoI2C settings and communication
Read or write to selected PoNET device
Reads firmware version
PoNET_GetFWversion
PoNET_GetLightIntensity
Reads light intensity using light sensor
PoNET_GetModuleSettings
Retrieves module settings
PoNET_GetModuleStatus
Reads data from the module
Sets the module options
PoNET_SetModuleSettings
PoNET_SetModuleStatus
Writes data to module
PoNET_SetPWM
Sets PWM duty cycle for LED intensity
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8.14. Failsafe settings
PoKeys56U and PoKeys56E devices support the configuration of the failsafe state for the digital
outputs, PWM outputs, PoExtBus devices and PoKeys Pulse engine.
When the communication with the device is interrupted for longer than a period defined in the
failsafe configuration, peripherals listed above enter the failsafe mode, which can be setup in
‘Failsafe settings’ dialog (Peripherals > Failsafe settings…)
Peripheral
Digital outputs
PoExtBus outputs
PWM outputs
Pulse engine
Failsafe setting
Active Off / Active On
Active Off / Active On
Fixed duty cycle in %
No setting – Pulse engine enters emergency
mode on failsafe activation
Figure 24: Failsafe settings dialog
Applicable PoKeys library commands
Failsafe configuration
N/A
N/A
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8.15. I2C protocol
The I2C bus was designed by Philips in the early '80s to allow easy communication between
components which reside on the same circuit board. Philips Semiconductors migrated to NXP in
2006. The name I2C translates into "Inter IC". Sometimes the bus is called IIC or I²C bus.
PoKeys56U and PoKeys56E devices support communication with I2C slave devices, connected to the
PoExtBus connector. As I2C, PoNET and PoExtBus use the same connector, PoExtBus, PoNET and I2C
functions are automatically switched by the PoKeys device.
However, in case of problems with noise caused by the I2C or PoNET devices communication,
PoExtBus functionality can be moved to pins 35,36,37 as with PoKeys55 devices).
Marking the pin closer to the bottom of the board (the oposite side of either Ethernet or USB
connector) as pin 1, the I2C devices should be connected as follows:
Pin 1
Pin 2
Pin 3
Pin 4
Pin 5
Power supply 3.3V
Ground
Serial data
Serial clock
Protocol can be tested via PoKeys configuration software. Click on Peripherals > I2C bus test... The
following dialog appears.
2
Figure 25: I C protocol test dialog
Applicable PoKeys library commands
I2C bus commands
Initiates I2C bus scan for devices
I2CStartBusScan
I2CReadBusScanResults
Reads results of I2C bus scan
Initiates read from I2C device
I2CStartRead
I2CGetReadStatus
Read status of reading from I2C bus and retrieve data is
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I2CStartWrite
I2CGetWriteStatus
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successfull
Writes data to I2C bus
Read status of writing to I2C bus
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8.16. 1-wire
1-Wire is a device communications bus system designed by Dallas Semiconductor Corp. that provides
low-speed data, signaling, and power over a single signal. 1-Wire is similar in concept to I²C, but with
lower data rates and longer range. It is typically used to communicate with small inexpensive devices
such as digital thermometers and weather instruments.
PoKeys56E devices support communication with 1-Wire slave devices (without parasitic power
supply), connected to the pin 55 with external pull-up resistor (of approximately 5 kΩ).
Protocol can be tested via PoKeys configuration software. Click on Peripherals > 1-Wire bus test...
The following dialog appears.
Figure 26: 1-Wire protocol test dialog
Applicable PoKeys library commands
1-wire device configuration and status commands
Activate or deactivate 1-wire bus support on pin 55
prot1WireSetStatus
prot1WireGetStatus
Retrieves 1-Wire bus activation status
Initiates write and read process to/from 1-wire device
prot1WireStartWriteAndRead
prot1WireGetReadStatus
Read status of write and read command and retrieve data if
command was executed
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8.17. Sensors
In order to automate the procedure of starting the measurements and reading the results, PoKeys
supports up to 10 sensors on I2C bus, up to 10 1-wire sensors and up to 7 analog sensors. The
configuration dialog is available through the menu Peripherals>Sensors.
I2C sensors
To setup a I2C sensor, click on an empty ('Inactive') entry in the list, select the sensor's address (the
address can be displayed by clicking the 'Scan' command button. A list of addresses of all active I2C
devices will be displayed), sensor type and the refresh period. Click Save. Sensor is activated by
Sending the configuration to device from the main PoKeys configuration application window. The
following list of sensors is supported:
-
LM75 temperature sensor for the temperature range -55 °C to +125 °C with the resolution of
0.5 °C. The sensor has configurable address and up to 8 sensors can be connected.
SHT21 temperature and humidity sensor for the temperature range -40 °C to +125 °C with
the resolution of 0.01 °C and air relative humidity in range 0 to 100 %. Due to specifics of the
PoKeys sensor list entries, this sensor is represented as temperature sensor and as relative
humidity sensor separately. Two entries are needed to read both air temperature and
humidity.
2
Figure 27: Configuration of I C sensors
1-wire sensors
To setup a 1-wire sensor, click on an empty ('Inactive') entry in the list, enter the sensor's 64-bit ID
sequence and select the refresh period. If there is only one 1-wire sensor present on the 1-wire bus,
the ID sequence can be read by clicking on the 'Read curent' command button. Multiple sensors can
be setup this way – one sensor at a time. When all sensors are then connected to the bus, the PoKeys
will identify each with the help of ID sequence. The following list of 1-wire sensors is supported:
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-
DS18B20 temperature sensor for the temperature range of -55 °C to +125 °C with the
resolution of 0.0625 °C. As each sensor has its own unique sequence ID, up to 10 sensors can
be connected to PoKeys.
Figure 28: Configuration of 1-wire sensors
Analog sensors
In addition to I2C and 1-wire sensors, PoKeys suports also analog sensors that are connected to
analog voltage inputs on the PoKeys board. For each analog sensor, a 2-parameter linear
transformation is supported. The following formulae is used:
Where
is a measurement of the analog-to-digital converter (a value between 0 and 4095),
is gain (16-bit integer number) and
is result offset (16-bit integer number). The value of
is a integer number that gets divised by 100 for the display (the temperature of 15.58 °C is
represented by
. A gain of 330 therefore gives the true voltage on the analog input pin.
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Figure 29: Configuration of analog sensors
Figure 30: Thermal image of a temperature sensor being connected directly to a circuit board. The thermal conductivity
of the sensor's leads causes the sensor to register higher temperature than the ambient real temperature. Use properly
longer connections between sensor and sensor host board for the accurate readings
Applicable PoKeys library commands
Sensor configuration
Retrieve the sensor setup and current sensor value
GetSensorSetup
SetSensorSetup
Send the sensor setup to device
Read sensors (PoTLog27 specific commands)
PoTLog27 command to retrieve 64-bit IDs of all connected
GetAllSensorIDs
sensors
GetAllSensorValues
PoTLog27 command to retrieve the values of all sensors
GetAllSensorValuesString
PoTLog27 command to retrieve the values of all sensors in
one string
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8.18. PoKeys56E
PoKeys56E is a network type of PoKeys device. The device can be connected to Ethernet 10/100
network with standard RJ-45 cable. Battery holder is for future upgrades only and no battery should
be inserted into the holder.
By default, the device is set to use the DHCP functionality of the network router. User can later turn
on or off the DHCP support. If DHCP is not needed/wanted, fixed IP address can be defined for the
device. To set the network settings of the device, go to Device menu and click Network device
settings...
Figure 31: Device network settings
The device communicates using TCP and UDP port of 20055. Please ensure the firewall settings
allow communication with this port. Also, please make sure that your network card (which you
have connected PoKeys56E to) has an IP address assigned with the subnet mask 255.255.255.0
(check it in IPv4 settings in your system).
By default, PoKeys56E device is configured to close the connection with the host after 3 seconds of
inactivity. This connection timeout value can be set in the dialog, shown in Figure 31.
Connecting to PoKeys56E device for the first time
1. Connect PoKeys56E with your Ethernet network using the RJ-45 cable
2. Connect power supply for PoKeys56E board
a. If your network uses DHCP to assign IP addresses to each device, PoKeys56E will be
assigned a new IP address automatically
b. If your network uses fixed IP addresses, PoKeys56E device will wait for discovery
packet from the PoKeys configuration software (during this time, LED will blink). In
this process, temporary IP address from the same subnet will be assigned to
PoKeys56E board.
3. Open PoKeys configuration software and wait for devices to be detected
4. If different network configuration is needed, select device and click on Configure button to
select new settings.
5. Click on Connect button to connect to PoKeys56E device and start configuring
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Device discovery
If device IP address is set as fixed, use can connect directly to PoKeys56E device. Otherwise, UDP
discovery packet should be send as UDP broadcast packet (for details, please see the protocol
specification document). All PoKeys56E devices that receive this packet, respond with their current IP
address and serial number.
Default settings
DHCP:
Port:
Security:
enabled
20055
Full access
After receiveing the UDP discovery packet and if the DHCP server is not available, PoKeys56E will use
the temporary address of x.x.x.250, where x.x.x is the subnet address (with 255.255.255.0 subnet
mask). This enables user to reconfigure the device with the proper IP address. To do this, click on the
Configure button.
Connecting to device in other network
When the device is not detected automatically (either there is a firewall blocking the UDP broadcast
messages or the device is not in the same network as a computer), custom IP address of the device
can be entered by clicking on the 'Network settings... ' button. The following dialog appears.
Figure 32: Additional network settings
IP address of the device can be entered in the text box on the right and added to the list by clicking
the button 'Add'. The list of additional devices is saved on application exit.
Security
Due to exposed nature of a network device, an authentication mechanism was implemented in
PoKeys56E that allows three levels of access rights:
-
Full access (default): the device is fully accessible from the network
Read-only access: unauthorized users are allowed only to fetch data from the device, while
an authenticated users can acccess all functions of the device
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-
Full lock: unauthorised users can not neither read or write to the device. A user password is
required to unlock access.
The security is set up in PoKeys configuration software – on the Device menu, click Set device
security... The password can contain any character and can be up to 32 characters long.
Figure 33: Device security settings window
Applicable PoKeys library commands
PoKeys56E user authorization commands
Authorizes user on the device - changes the security level
AuthorizeUser
to the specified value
GetSecurityStatus
Reads the current security status of network device
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Web interface
PoKeys56E devices can be monitored through the simple web interface (that is already enabled by
default). The interface can be disabled or configured in dialog accessible via menu Device->Web
interface configuration. The following dialog appears
Figure 34: Web interface settings – general settings
The dialog presents the following options on the 'General settings' tab:
-
Disable web interface: check this field to disable web interface.
Allow anonymous access to dashboard and I/O status: if this field is checked, users can
access web interface directly without entering user name and password.
Allow toggling outputs via web interface: if this field is checked, users can toggle the pins that
are setup as outputs. If this field is unchecked, users are only presented with the status of
each pin.
Figure 35: Web interface settings – web users setup
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On the 'Web users' tab, usernames and passwords can be configured for up to 4 users (first user is
fixed and named 'Admin' with the factory set password 'root0'). Usernames (except for Admin) and
passwords can be up to 8 (ASCII) characters long.
Figure 36: Web interface settings – dashboard items
This page of Web interface settings is used to defined which items will be displayed on the
Dashboard page of web interface (see below). PoKeys supports up to 16 items on dashboard screen.
Each item displays the status of one sensor, one input or one output.
To set up a new dashboard item, select a 'Inactive or unknown type' entry in dashboard list and press
'Set source' command button. In a list that appears, select either 'Digital input', 'Digital output' or
'Sensor'. For the digital inputs and outputs, a dialog for entering pin number will appear, while for
the sensors, a sensor selection dialog will appear. After selecting either digital input/output or sensor
source, additional options will be available. For each item in the list, a 8 character item caption can
be assigned. Available display types depend on the selected item data source (see Table 4 for
details). For display types that include a progress bar, additional min and max value for the progress
bar can be specified.
Item data source
Digital input
Digital output
Sensor
Supported display types
Digital input status
Digital output status
Digital output status with buttons
Value in V
Value in V and bar graph
Value in mA
Value in mA and bar graph
Value in A
Value in A and bar graph
Temperature in degrees C
Temperature in degrees C and bar graph
Relative humidity in %
Relative humidity in % and bar graph
Table 4: Display types for different item data sources
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Access rights settings enables administrator to select which users will be able to display the sensor
readings. This is intented mainly for display items that can change outputs.
To open the interface, use your internet browser and type in the IP address of the PoKeys56E board.
After entering the username and password, the following page will be displayed:
LM75 sensor - temperature
SHT21 sensor - humidity
Digital input
SHT21 sensor - temperature
DS18B20 sensor - temperature
Digital output with buttons
Analog sensors
Figure 37: PoKeys56E dashboard
Developers can access status of the inputs by fetching the file /devStat.xml from PoKeys56E board.
Applicable PoKeys library commands
Web interface configuration commands
Retrieve web interface settings (enable/disable interface,
GetWebSettings
anonymous access, outputs enable) from the device
SetWebSettings
Send web interface settings (enable/disable interface,
anonymous access, outputs enable) to device
Retrieve user name and password for the selected web
GetWebUserData
user account
SetWebUserData
Send user name and password for the selected web user
account
Retrieve the dashboard item setup
GetDashboardItem
SetDashboardItem
Send the dashboard item setup
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Modbus
PoKeys56E supports slave (server) operation of Modbus TCP communication protocol. Modbus TCP
compatible devices on the network can read the values from the device and set the outputs. To
elevate the security, user can define which peripherals are accessible via Modbus TCP.
Modbus TCP uses TCP protocol on port 502 (default), which can be changed in Modbus settings
(accessible from the menu Device – Modbus configuration...). The Modbus TCP connection is
disconnected after 3 seconds of inactivity (this default value can be changed in the Modbus settings).
Discrete inputs/outputs
Supported operations:
0x01: Read coils
0x02: Read discrete input
0x05: Write single coil
0x0F: Write multiple coils
Address (0-based)
0-54
1000-1127
1400-1527
1600-1727
2000-2079
2000
2001
...
2079
Access (R – Read, W – Write)
R/W
R
W
R/W
R/W
Description
55 pin inputs/outputs
Matrix keyboard inputs
I2C Matrix keyboard LED
LED matrix
PoExtBus
Device 10 – Output H
Device 10 – Output G
Device 1 – Output A
Registers
Supported operations:
0x03: Read holding register
0x04: Read input register
0x06: Write single register
0x10: Write multiple registers
Address (0-based)
10-16
20-45
Access (R – Read, W – Write)
R
RW
100-154
200-213
RW
RW
200,201
202,203
...
212,213
300-304
400-453
500-579
73
RW
R
RW
Description
Analog inputs
Encoder counter values (lower 16bit)
Digital counter values
PWM
PWM period (MSB first)
PWM duty1 (MSB first) – pin 22
PWM duty6 (MSB first) – pin 17
PoExtBus
Sensors (32-bit values, LSB first)
LCD buffer
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590
W
591
W
592
593
600
700-751
W
W
R
R[W]
800-909
RW
LCD configuration (0=disabled,
1=primary or 2=secondary) writing to this register will re-init
and clear the LCD
Number of rows (lower byte) and
number of columns (upper byte) of
the LCD module
Not used
Clear LCD (both bytes = 0xAA)
Tick counter (lower 16-bit)
Digital encoder values (32-bit
values, LSB first) - any write to
these registers causes the reset of
the encoder value to 0
Digital counter values (32-bit
values, LSB first)
PoExtBus channel mapping:
Address (0-based)
Register description
300
A B C D E
Device 10
301
A B C D E
Device 8
302
A B C D E
Device 6
303
A B C D E
Device 4
304
A B C D E
Device 2
F
G
H
A
B
C
F
G
H
A
B
C
F
G
H
A
B
C
F
G
H
A
B
C
F
G
H
A
B
C
D E
Device 9
D E
Device 7
D E
Device 5
D E
Device 3
D E
Device 1
F
G
H
F
G
H
F
G
H
F
G
H
F
G
H
where
15
A
14
B
13
C
12
D
11
E
Device 10
74
10
F
9
G
8
H
7
A
6
B
5
C
4
D
3
E
2
F
1
G
0
H
Modbus word bit
PoExtBus device bit
mapping
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Figure 38: Modbus configuration
Applicable PoKeys library commands
Modbus configuration commands
Retrieves modbus settings
GetModbusSettings
SetModbusSettings
Set modbus settings
Connecting to PoKeys56E across the internet
To access the PoKeys56E from the internet, connect the PoKeys56 board to your router and
configure the following port forwarding (consult router manual for instructions on port forwarding):
-
For the WEB interface, forward the port 80
For the use of the PoKeys software, forward the port 20055
IP address of PoKeys56E board
Using PoKeys software with PoKeys56E device across the internet
Suppose that the PoKeys56E is at the pokeysdemo.poscope.com (change this address to the address
of your own PoKeys56E device).
Open PoKeys software and click on 'Network settings'.
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The following dialog will appear. Enter the address of the PoKeys56 board in the field on the right
and click on 'Add'.
pokeysdemo.poscope.com
Then click on 'OK'. If the connection was established successfully, PoKeys56E will be shown in the list
of the devices.
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8.19. Reporting data to network server with PoKeys56E device
PoKeys56E devices can automatically report sensor values to various network servers using the HTTP
POST, HTTP PUT or text-only protocols.
Figure 39: Reports server settings for Cosm service
To use this reporting feature, user must specify request type (HTTP POST/PUT, Cosm, custom HTTP
header or raw), server IP and update rate.
The request header is constructed of two parts – HTML header and data header, divided by double
new line character (\n). Example header (Cosm.com web service):
PUT /v2/feeds/62592.csv HTTP/1.1
Host: api.cosm.com
X-ApiKey:
CAb3XX634daSAKxZc3M0M3I1NWVZVT0g
User-Agent: PoKeys56E
Content-Type: text/csv
Content-Length: 010
Connection: close
Test1234,-15000.00
The HTTP header without 'Connection' and
'Content-length' tags must be provided by the
user
The 'Connection' and 'Content-length' tags are
automatically inserted by PoKeys56E device
Data is inserted at the end of the packet
The above example is specified as
PUT /v2/feeds/62592.csv HTTP/1.1
Host: api.cosm.com
X-ApiKey: CAb3XX634daSAKxZc3M0M3I1NWVZVT0g
User-Agent: PoKeys56E
Content-Type: text/csv
The extra new line at the end is essential.
More customized header:
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POST /myScript.php HTTP/1.1
Host: api.cosm.com
User-Agent: MyCustomDeviceAgent
Content-Type: text/csv
Content-Length: 010
Connection: close
MyData: Test1234,-15000.00
The HTTP header without 'Connection' and
'Content-length' tags must be provided by the
user
The 'Connection' and 'Content-length' tags are
automatically inserted by PoKeys56E device
The above example must be specified as
POST /myScript.php HTTP/1.1
Host: api.cosm.com
User-Agent: MyCustomDeviceAgent
Content-Type: text/csv
MyData:
Again, an extra new line character in fifth line is essential.
Total length of final header and data is limited to 350 bytes.
Setup for http://cosm.com/ service
http://cosm.com/ is an on-line database service allowing users to connect sensor-derived data (eg.
energy and environment data from objects) to the Web and to build their own applications based on
that data.
PoKeys56E devices feature a direct support for the http://cosm.com/ service. To configure PoKeys
device for http://cosm.com/ service, follow these steps:
1. Sign-up for a free account at http://cosm.com/
2. Create a new empty feed and save its Feed ID
3. On the http://cosm.com/ homepage, go to Keys and create a new API key for a newly
created feed that has read and update privileges
4. Open Device > Web interface settings dialog and go to ‘Reports server' tab. Check
‘http://cosm.com/ web service’ option.
5. Enter your Cosm API key, created in step 3, and Feed ID from step 2, leave other fields with
default values
6. Select the update rate at the bottom.
7. Click OK and click Send to device button.
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Your Cosm API key
Your Cosm Feed ID
Figure 40: Cosm settings page
8. Go back to Device > Web interface settings to page ‘Dashboard items’. Define entries as
described in the ‘Web interface’ chapter of this manual. To enable uploading of the
dashboard item to the http://cosm.com/ service, select ‘Web report’ as the user. The ‘Item
caption’ field is used to identify the datastream in the selected Cosm feed.
Figure 41: Item configuration for the Cosm service
9. Save the settings again by clicking 'Send to device' button.
10. Make sure the PoKeys device has properly configured network settings and that it is
connected to the internet
11. After a update interval, check the status of the Cosm updates by clicking 'Refresh' button in
the Cosm settings page.
12. Open your Cosm feed – you should see the recorded data in the graphs
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Figure 42: Cosm Feed overview page
Setup for standard HTTP POST or PUT data upload
Let's assume that the user wants to send sensor data to his server script that accepts POST method
for
data
upload.
The
user's
server
script
is
available
at
the
address
www.userdomain.com/PoKeysDataUpload.asp. The user also wants that the data in the POST stream
to have the HTTP type of 'text/plain' and preceeded with the string 'MyData: '. The data should be
transferred every 10 minutes. The settings are displayed in Figure 43.
To setup PoKeys to use this settings, the following steps must be taken (enter text without ' quotes):
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Open Device > Web configuration menu and switch to 'Reports server' tab.
Select 'Standard HTTP POST service' option
Enter 'www.userdomain.com/PoKeysDataUpload.asp' in the POST destination field
Enter 'text/plain' in the 'Content-type' field.
Enter 'MyData: ' in the 'Data header' field
Enter the server's IP address and port number in the fields below.
Enter 600 in the update time field
Click OK and click Send to device button.
Go back to Device > Web interface settings to page ‘Dashboard items’. Define entries as
described in the ‘Web interface’ chapter of this manual. To enable uploading of the
dashboard item to the web server, select ‘Web report’ as the user. The ‘Item caption’ field is
used to identify the datastream.
10. Save the settings again by clicking 'Send to device' button.
11. Make sure the PoKeys device has properly configured network settings and that it is
connected to the internet
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Figure 43: Example of HTTP POST service setup
8.20. Changing User ID number
Users can freely assign their own User ID number that represents a specific PoKeys device (enables
distinguishing between different PoKeys devices in case there is more than one connected to a single
host PC). To change the User ID number, go to ‘Device’ > ‘Change user ID’ menu. Simply enter any
number between 0 and 255, and click the 'Change user ID' button.
Figure 44: Device user ID dialog
8.21. Saving current configuration to file
To save the current configuration to a file, go to ‘File’ > 'Save' menu and select a new filename. To
reload a saved configuration from a file, go to ‘File’ > ‘Open’ menu and select the appropriate file. To
transfer new settings to the device, click on the ‘Save to device’ button.
9. PoTLog27 firmware
PoKeys56U and PoKeys56E devices support an alternate firmware that allows the connection of up to
27 DS1820 or DS18B20 temperature sensors (one sensor per pin, pins 1-27 only). Firmware
automatically detects the sensors on each power-up and starts reading the temperatures.
Temperatures of both types of temperature sensors are read at the rate of 1 measurement per 800
miliseconds (around 1,25 measurements per second) at the resolution of 12-bit (approx. 0,06 °C).
To activate PoTLog27 firmware, go to menu Device > Update firmware to PoTLog27... and wait for
the update to finish. After the successfull update, the device will reboot into the PoTLog27 firmware.
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To check the configuration and current temperatures, go to menu Peripherals > PoTLog status... The
following dialog will appear, showing the list of all detected sensors and their temperatures.
Figure 45: PoTLog status dialog
Note: the following functions are disabled in PoTLog27 mode:
-
Encoders
Macros
Triggered key mapping and delayed/repeated key actions
PWM outputs
Joystick analog to digital mapping
Connection signal
PoExtBus
Additional 1-wire devices support
Custom device name
To access the temperature measurements, these commands are available in PoKeys communication
dll:
GetAllSensorValuesString
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Retrieves all measurements in one string. Each measurements is separated with | sign.
string GetAllSensorValuesString()
Arguments:
none
Remarks:
none
GetAllSensorValues
Retrieves all measurements in one structure.
bool GetAllSensorValues(ref sPoTLogDevice logDevice)
Arguments:
none
Remarks:
C++ alternative: COM_GetAllSensorValues(IntPtr logDevice)
GetAllSensorIDs
Retrieves all sensor 64-bit IDs in one structure.
bool GetAllSensorIDs(ref sPoTLogDevice logDevice)
Arguments:
none
Remarks:
C++ alternative: COM_GetAllSensorIDs(IntPtr logDevice)
Example code (C#):
sPoTLogDevice logger = new sPoTLogDevice();
MyDevice.GetAllSensorValues(ref logger);
MyDevice.GetAllSensorIDs(ref logger);
for (int i = 0; i < 27; i++)
{
byte sType = logger.sensors1Wire[i].sensorID[0];
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double value = (double)logger.sensors1Wire[i].sensorValue / 100;
string displayValue = "";
if (sType == 0x10)
{
displayValue = value + " °C";
listBox1.Items.Add("Pin " + (i + 1) + ":\t" + displayValue + "\t[DS1820]");
}
else if (sType == 0x28)
{
displayValue = value + " °C";
listBox1.Items.Add("Pin " + (i + 1) + ":\t" + displayValue + "\t[DS18B20]");
}
else
{
listBox1.Items.Add("Pin " + (i + 1) + ":\tNo sensor");
}
}
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10.
Communicating with the USB devices using the console
In the software bundle included with the PoKeys device, there is also a console interface application,
which enables command-line style communication with the device (figure 6). To start using the
console application, go Start>Run…, type cmd and press Enter. Navigate to the folder, where
PoKeysConsole.exe is located (usually C:\Program Files\PoKeys\).
10.1. Supported operations
Enumerate PoKeys55 and PoKeys56U devices
Command line: PoKeysConsole.exe -e
Description: Enumerates and prints out all the detected PoKeys55 or PoKeys56U devices with their
User IDs.
Get details of the specific PoKeys55 or PoKeys56U device
Command line: PoKeysConsole.exe –d<user ID>
Description: Prints out the detailed description of the device, i.e. the device’s serial number,
firmware version and User ID.
Example: PoKeysConsole.exe –d1
Connect to PoKeys55 or PoKeys56U device
Command line: PoKeysConsole.exe –c<user ID>
Description: Before any operation can be executed, host software must connect to PoKeys device,
using Connect to PoKeys device operation.
Example: PoKeysConsole.exe –c1
Save current configuration to flash memory
Command line: PoKeysConsole.exe –w
Description: After the settings have been changed, they need to be sent to the device. This is
accomplished with via the Save configuration operation. ‘Connect to PoKeys55 or PoKeys56U device’
operation must be executed before this operation!
Example: PoKeysConsole.exe –c1 –w
Get current pin setting
Command line: PoKeysConsole.exe –g<pin ID>
Description: Prints out the current pin setting. If the pin ID parameter is omitted, settings for all the
pins are printed out.
Example: PoKeysConsole.exe –c1 –g10
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Set pin setting
Command line: PoKeysConsole.exe –s<pin ID>,<pin function>,+/Description: Enables the desired function on the selected pin.
Pin function
Inactive
Digital input
Digital output
Analog input
Analog output
Value
0
2
4
8
16
The last parameter is used to define polarity of digital input and output pins. It must be either + (noninverted polarity) or - (inverted polarity).
Example: PoKeysConsole.exe –c1 –s10,2,Get digital input value
Command line: PoKeysConsole.exe –i<pin ID>
Description: Reads and prints out current digital input value on selected pin.
Example: PoKeysConsole.exe –c1 –i10
Set digital output value
Command line: PoKeysConsole.exe –o<pin ID>,0/1
Description: Sets the digital output to specified value.
Example: PoKeysConsole.exe –c1 –o11,1
Get analog input value
Command line: PoKeysConsole.exe –a<pin ID>
Description: Reads and prints out current analog input value on selected pin. Pin ID must be between
43 and 47, since only these pins support analog to digital conversion.
Example: PoKeysConsole.exe –c1 –a43
Set analog output value
Command line: PoKeysConsole.exe –b<pin ID>,value
Description: Sets the digital output to specified value. Value can be any number between 0 (0 V) and
1023 (3.3 V).
Example: PoKeysConsole.exe –c1 –b43,50
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Figure 46: Console application window
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11.
Connecting common peripherals to PoKeys devices
Relays
LEDs
High-current LEDs
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Switches
Example: Setting up key mapping
This example shows how easy is to set up a digital input pin for direct key mapping
We will set up a Shift-Escape combination for pin 15.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Connect a switch to your PoKeys device as shown above
Open PoKeys configuration application
Select your PoKeys device from drop-down box and click ‘Connect’ button
Wait the application to load current configuration from PoKeys device
Click the same pin number as you connected a switch to (in this example pin 15)
6. Set this pin as digital input
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7. Select ‘Direct key mapping’ and from drop-down box select Escape
8. Click on the ‘Shift’ checkbox to enable Shift modifier
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9. Send configuration to device by clicking ‘Send to device button’.
Optocoupled digital output
Optocoupled digital input
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Potentiometers (variable resistors)
Linear motor control
Rotational encoder switch
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LED displays/arrays
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12. Quick resetting the device configuration (or recovering bad firmware
update)
If configuration editor cannot be used to reconfigure the device because of endless key presses from
the device, simple reset procedure should be executed.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Disconnect PoKeys device from USB (unplug the power for the PoKeys56E device)
Find pin labeled ‘RST’ on the PoKeys device (otherwise use pin numbered 54)
Short this pin to ground (GND) and reconnect the PoKeys device to USB (or reconnect power)
Green light should start flashing rapidly and PoKeys device will connect in recovery mode
Open PoKeys configuration application
PoKeys configuration application should detect PoKeys device in recovery mode.
a. To reset the device configuration, use the option ‘Clear settings’. By clicking this
button and confirming your decision on the next dialog, settings will be erased.
b. To recover from bad firmware update, click ‘Recover’.
7. After completing the operation, unplug PoKeys device and disconnect ‘RST’ pin from ground
8. If resetting the configuration, ensure the device is properly cleared – replug PoKeys device,
connect to it and execute Device > Clear settings in device.
PoKeys configuration software is backing up current configuration state (except keyboard macro
sequences) on each connection start.
These configuration files can be found in the local application folder (system folder – usually
c:\Documents and settings\{username}\Local Settings\Application Data\PoKeys\ on Windows 2000,
XP or C:\Users\{username}\AppData\Local\PoKeys\), named backup1.pkc, backup2.pkc and
backup3.pkc with backup3.pkc being the oldest configuration.
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13.
Frequently asked questions
What software must be installed to operate the device?
On first use or when reconfiguring the device, the supplied software must be installed. There are no
device drivers needed. They are already supplied with your operating system. Once the device has
been configured, the settings are stored on-board. Device can then be freely used on any machine
(see requirements for USB HID device driver enabled operating system) without any additional
installation.
I misconfigured the device. Now the device starts pressing virtual keys before I can do
anything. What can I do?
If you misconfigured the device in such a way that configuration utility cannot be used to repair the
configuration, see the section ‘Quick resetting the device configuration’ in this manual.
How do I connect switch/relay/LED/… to PoKeys device?
Please see the section ‘Connection common peripherals to PoKeys device' in this manual.
I have two (or more) PoKeys devices connected on one system and cannot differentiate
the devices to set the configurations.
It is advised that the users assign different UserID numbers to each of the device connected to a
system. Please see the section Changing User ID of this manual.
It appears that pins 48 and 49 are floating. What should I do? (PoKeys55 only)
Due to device design, pins 48 and 49 should be equipped with external 5-10 kΩ pull-up resistor as
shown bellow.
Note: on PoKeys55 boards with serial number above 11500, this problem is removed.
I have connected a switch to pin 4 and now PoKeys55 is not recognized by the computer
anymore.
You must have connected normally-closed switch to pin 4 and therefore connected pin 4 to ground.
At boot (connecting PoKeys55 to USB) this means that PoKeys55 is entering system boot and
therefore cannot be used from the computer. Please use another pin for normally-closed switches.
Note: on PoKeys55 boards with serial number above 11500, this problem is removed.
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I have connected a switch to pin 54 and now PoKeys is connecting in recovery mode on
every boot.
You must have connected normally-closed switch to pin 54 and therefore connected pin 4 to ground.
At boot (connecting PoKeys device to USB) this means that PoKeys device is entering recovery mode
and therefore cannot be used from the third-party software. Please use another pin for normallyclosed switches. Also see chapter 9: Quick resetting the device configuration.
There is spontaneous triggering of some of the pins. What is wrong?
You might have connected long cable from the PoKeys board to the switch. If this cable crosses any
power cables, it can trigger a false signal on PoKeys board input due to interference or coupling. Use
twisted pair wires if possible. If this not help and cables cannot be routed elsewhere, use shielded
cable.
If cables are routed inside electrically ‘dirty’ environment, use simple RC filter on those signals as
illustrated below.
If connecting switches to PoKeys device with long cables, use the schematics below. When using
matrix keyboard connected to PoKeys device with long cables, it is also advised to use the schematics
below for digital input pins. This filter should not be used on digital output pins!
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My problem is that when I start the program, everything works good for about 3 to 5
seconds, then the CPU “lock up” and the only way to recover is to unplug the PoKeys
device.
The problem occurs because you are writing 'dirty' code. You create object every time you need to
use it in a loop, but you forget do properly dispose it. Best way to use PoKeys DLL in an application
that read or writes data in a loop, is to create a global object and initialize it once at the start of
application, and use its functions to read or write in a loop. This way the communication is much
faster.
If you are using Visual Basic development environment, add a reference to PoKeysDevice DLL and use
object browser to find proper declaration. Via object browser you can also access the list of all
supported functions, which will also be used by Intelli sense in editor.
Some outputs on PoExtBus boards are not responding.
If you encounter a problem with multiple PoExtBus boards not functioning normally, please check if
the boards have the following 1 nF capacitor soldered between pins 2 (GND) and 3 (DATA) of the
ExtBusOUT connector (see figure below).
Figure 47: Capacitor on PoExtBus board
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14.
PoKeys library functions
The following list contains only the most commonly used library functions.
For the list and description of all library functions, open the PoKeys DLL help file found in
Start Menu > PoKeys > > Development > PoKeys DLL help.
14.1. EnumerateDevices (for USB-based PoKeys devices)
Enumerate the PoKeys devices and return number of found PoKeys devices.
int EnumerateDevices()
Arguments:
none
Remarks:
This function must be called on every class initialization
14.2. ConnectToDevice (for USB-based PoKeys devices)
Connect to the device with the index specified.
bool ConnectToDevice(int deviceIndex)
Arguments:
deviceIndex
Index of the PoKeys device
Remarks:
Index is not UserID of the PoKeys device and therefore can change if more than one PoKeys
device is used at a time. Function returns True if connection is established or False if there
were errors.
14.3. DisconnectDevice
Terminate the connection with the device.
void DisconnectDevice()
Arguments:
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none
Remarks:
This function should be called before class disposal or changing of the device.
14.4. StartEthernetDiscovery
Starts the automatic discovery of PoKeys56E devices.
void StartEthernetDiscovery ()
Arguments:
none
Remarks:
See example section for usage example
14.5. StopEthernetDiscovery
Stops the automatic discovery of PoKeys56E devices.
void StopEthernetDiscovery ()
Arguments:
none
Remarks:
See example section for usage example
14.6. GetNumberOfDetectedNetworkDevices
Returns the number of detected PoKeys56E devices.
int GetNumberOfDetectedNetworkDevices()
Arguments:
none
Remarks:
See example section for usage example
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14.7. ConnectToNetworkDevice
Connects to PoKeys56E device with the specified IPv4 address in format xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx (e.g.,
192.168.0.105, 192.168.050.002, etc.). If connection is established successfully, returns True.
bool ConnectToNetworkDevice(string address)
Arguments:
address
IPv4 address of the selected device
Remarks:
See example section for usage example
14.8. GetDeviceID
Retrieve device ID data, i.e. serial number and firmware version.
bool GetDeviceID(ref int serialNumber, ref int firmwareVersion, ref int
pinNum)
Arguments:
serialNumber
Variable in which serial number will be saved to
firmwareVersion
Variable in which firmware version will be saved to
pinNum
Variable in which number of pins will be saved to
Remarks:
It is advised to use GetDeviceIDEx instead of this function. Returns False on error.
14.9. GetDeviceIDEx
Retrieve device ID data, i.e. serial number and firmware version.
bool GetDeviceIDEx(ref int serialNumber, ref int firmwareVersionMajor, ref
int firmwareVersionMinor)
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Arguments:
serialNumber
Variable in which serial number will be saved to
firmwareVersionMajor
Variable in which firmware major version will be saved to
firmwareVersionMinor
Variable in which firmware minor version will be saved to
Remarks:
Returns False on error.
14.10.
GetBuildDate
Retrieve firmware build date.
bool GetBuildDate(ref string buildDate)
Arguments:
buildDate
Variable in which build date will be saved to
Remarks:
Returns False on error.
14.11.
GetUserID
Retrieve user ID.
bool GetUserID(ref byte userID)
Arguments:
userID
Variable in which user ID will be saved to
Remarks:
Returns False on error.
14.12.
SetUserID
Set user ID.
bool SetUserID(byte newUserID)
Arguments:
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newUserID
New user ID
Remarks:
It is advised that each PoKeys device on a system should have its unique user ID. Returns
False on error.
14.13.
SetPinData
Set pin data – pin's function and options.
bool SetPinData(byte
byte invertPin)
pinID,
byte
pinFunction,
byte
pullUpDownResistor,
Arguments:
pinID
Pin ID is zero-based pin index on the device (output marked as 1 therefore has index
0)
pinFunction
pinFunction has the following structure
Bit 7
Pin invert
Bit 6
reserved
Bit 5
reserved
Bit 4
A output
Bit 3
A input
Bit 2
D output
Bit 1
D input
Bit 0
reserved
where A stands for analog and D for digital.
pullUpDownResistor
No function at the moment
invertPin
No function at the moment, see bit 7 of pinFunction argument
Remarks:
It is advised to use function SetPinData with only 2 parameters (pinID and pinFunction).
Returns False on error.
14.14.
SetPinData
Set pin data – pin's function and options.
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bool SetPinData(byte pinID, byte pinFunction)
Arguments:
pinID
Pin ID is zero-based pin index on the device (output marked as 1 therefore has index
0)
pinFunction
pinFunction has the following structure
Bit 7
Pin invert
Bit 6
reserved
Bit 5
reserved
Bit 4
A output
Bit 3
A input
Bit 2
D output
Bit 1
D input
Bit 0
reserved
where A stands for analog and D for digital.
Remarks:
Returns False on error.
14.15.
GetPinData
Get pin data – pin's function and options.
bool
GetPinData(byte
pinID,
ref
byte
pinFunction,
ref
byte
pullUpDownResistor, ref byte invertPin, ref byte pinPossibleFunctions)
Arguments:
pinID
Pin ID is zero-based pin index on the device (output marked as 1 therefore has index
0)
pinFunction
pinFunction has the following structure
Bit 7
Pin invert
Bit 6
reserved
Bit 5
reserved
Bit 4
A output
Bit 3
A input
Bit 2
D output
Bit 1
D input
Bit 0
reserved
where A stands for analog and D for digital.
pullUpDownResistor
No function at the moment
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invertPin
No function at the moment, see bit 7 of pinFunction argument
pinPossibleFunctions
No function at the moment
Remarks:
It is advised to use function GetPinData with only 2 parameters (pinID and pinFunction).
Returns False on error.
14.16.
GetPinData
Get pin data – pin's function and options.
bool GetPinData(byte pinID, byte pinFunction)
Arguments:
pinID
Pin ID is zero-based pin index on the device (output marked as 1 therefore has index
0)
pinFunction
pinFunction has the following structure
Bit 7
Pin invert
Bit 6
reserved
Bit 5
reserved
Bit 4
A output
Bit 3
A input
Bit 2
D output
Bit 1
D input
Bit 0
reserved
where A stands for analog and D for digital.
Remarks:
Returns False on error.
14.17.
GetInput
Get digital input status.
bool GetInput(byte pinID, ref bool inputState)
Arguments:
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pinID
Pin ID is zero-based pin index on the device (output marked as 1 therefore has index
0)
inputState
Variable in which input state will be saved to
Remarks:
Pin must be set as digital input for this command to function properly. Returns False on error.
14.18.
SetOutput
Set digital output status.
bool SetOutput(byte pinID, bool outputState)
Arguments:
pinID
Pin ID is zero-based pin index on the device (output marked as 1 therefore has index
0)
outputState
New output state
Remarks:
Pin must be set as digital output before this operation will function properly. On device
initialization, pins are NOT set as outputs even if they are configured so. Before using the pins
as digital outputs SetPinData must be called to set the direction of the pin. This must be
repeated on every startup. Returns False on error.
14.19.
GetAnalogInput
Get analog input status.
bool GetAnalogInput(byte pinID, ref [int,byte] inputValue)
Arguments:
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pinID
Pin ID is zero-based pin index on the device (output marked as 1 therefore has index
0)
inputValue
Variable in which analog value will be saved to. Use byte type for 8-bit analog values
and int type for 10-bit (or 12-bit for PoKeys56 devices) analog values
Remarks:
The returned value is between 0 and 255 (8-bit resolution) , between 0 and 1023 (10-bit
resolution on PoKeys55 devices) or between 0 and 4095 (12-bit resolution on PoKeys56
devices). 0 means 0 V on input, while 255, 1023, respectively 4095 means Vdd
(approximately 3.3V) on input. Returns False on error. Use the command
GetAnalogValueMax to get this value automatically.
GetAnalogValueMax
Gets the maximum value of the analog-to-digital conversion. Returns 1024 for PoKeys55
devices and 4096 for PoKeys56 devices.
int GetAnalogValueMax()
Arguments:
none
14.20.
SetAnalogOutput
Get analog input status.
bool SetAnalogOutputValue (byte pinID, [int,byte] value)
Arguments:
pinID
Pin ID is zero-based pin index on the device (output marked as 1 therefore has index
0)
value
New 8-bit or 10-bit value for analog output.
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Remarks:
The value specified must be between 0 and 255 (8-bit resolution) or 0 and 1023 (10-bit
resolution). 0 means 0 V on output, while 255 respectively 1023 means Vdd (approximately
3.3V) on output. Returns False on error.
14.21.
SaveConfiguration
Saves current device configuration to non-volatile flash memory.
bool SaveConfiguration()
Arguments:
none
Remarks:
This function takes some time to complete. Is meantime, communication with the device is
not possible. Returns False on error.
14.22.
GetMatrixConfiguration
Get complete matrix keyboard configuration.
bool GetMatrixKeyboardConfiguration(ref byte configuration, ref byte
width, ref byte height, ref byte[] row_pins, ref byte[] column_pins, ref
bool[] macro_mapping, ref byte[] keycodes, ref byte[] keymodifiers);
Arguments:
configuration
If bit 0 is set, matrix keyboard is enabled. Other bits are reserved
width, height
Number of columns and rows of the matrix keyboard
row_pins
An array of 8 bytes, each having an index of a pin that is associated with the row.
Row pins must be set as digital outputs.
column_pins
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An array of 8 bytes, each having an index of a pin that is associated with the column.
Column pins must be set as digital inputs.
macro_mapping
An array of 64 boolean values (see below for numbering hint). If the value is set to
true, instead of key press simulation, macro is run.
keycodes
An array of 64 byte values (see below for numbering hint). If appropriate
macro_mapping value is set to true, each value can contain index of a macro else it
contains code of a key.
keymodifiers
An array of 64 byte values (see below for numbering hint). It contains key modifiers.
Keys indexing:
No matter what dimensions the matrix keyboard has, the following scheme is used
for keys indexing. A1 is always 0, B1 1, A2 8, ... For example, if user connects a 3x3
matrix keyboard, keys have indexes: 0, 1, 2, 8, 9, 10, 16, 17, 18.
1
2
3
4
5
A
0
8
16
24
32
B
1
9
17
25
33
C
2
10
18
26
...
D
3
11
19
27
E
4
12
20
28
F
5
13
21
29
G
6
14
22
30
H
7
15
23
31
Remarks:
Row pins must be set as digital outputs and column pins as digital inputs respectively.
Returns False on error.
14.23.
SetMatrixConfiguration
Set complete matrix keyboard configuration.
bool SetMatrixKeyboardConfiguration(ref byte configuration, ref byte
width, ref byte height, ref byte[] row_pins, ref byte[] column_pins, ref
bool[] macro_mapping, ref byte[] keycodes, ref byte[] keymodifiers);
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Arguments:
configuration
If bit 0 is set, matrix keyboard is enabled. Other bits are reserved
width, height
Number of columns and rows of the matrix keyboard
row_pins
An array of 8 bytes, each having an index of a pin that is associated with the row.
column_pins
An array of 8 bytes, each having an index of a pin that is associated with the column.
macro_mapping
An array of 64 boolean values (see below for numbering hint). If the value is set to
true, instead of key press simulation, macro is run.
keycodes
An array of 64 byte values (see below for numbering hint). If appropriate
macro_mapping value is set to true, each value can contain index of a macro else it
contains code of a key.
keymodifiers
An array of 64 byte values (see below for numbering hint). It contains key modifiers.
Keys indexing:
No matter what dimensions the matrix keyboard has, the following scheme is used
for keys indexing. A1 is always 0, B1 1, A2 8, ... For example, if user connects a 3x3
matrix keyboard, keys have indexes: 0, 1, 2, 8, 9, 10, 16, 17, 18.
1
2
3
4
5
109
A
0
8
16
24
32
B
1
9
17
25
33
C
2
10
18
26
...
D
3
11
19
27
E
4
12
20
28
F
5
13
21
29
G
6
14
22
30
H
7
15
23
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Remarks:
Returns False on error.
14.24.
GetPWMOutputs
Get complete PWM outputs configuration
bool GetPWMOutputs(ref
duty_values);
bool[]
channels,
ref
uint
period,
ref
uint[]
Arguments:
channels
An array of 6 boolean values, each representing one PWM channel. Channel is
enabled if this value is set to true.
period
32-bit PWM period value. PWM module of a PoKeys55 device runs at 12 Mhz, so a
value of 12 000 000 produces a period of 1 second. PWM module on PoKeys56
devices runs at 25 MHz, so a value of 25 000 000 produces a period of 1 second.
duty_values
An array of 6 32-bit unsigned integers, each representing the value of PWM duty for
each channel. Minimum value is 0, maximum value is the same as period.
Channel to pin mapping:
Channels are mapping according to this table:
Channel
0
1
2
3
4
5
PoKeys pin
22
21
20
19
18
17
Remarks:
When using PWM enabled pins, digital inputs and outputs are inactive. Returns False on
error.
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14.25.
SetPWMOutputs
Set complete PWM outputs configuration
bool SetPWMOutputs(ref
duty_values);
bool[]
channels,
ref
uint
period,
ref
uint[]
Arguments:
channels
An array of 6 boolean values, each representing one PWM channel. Channel is
enabled if this value is set to true.
period
32-bit PWM period value. PWM module of a PoKeys55 device runs at 12 Mhz, so a
value of 12 000 000 produces a period of 1 second. PWM module on PoKeys56
devices runs at 25 MHz, so a value of 25 000 000 produces a period of 1 second.
duty_values
An array of 6 32-bit unsigned integers, each representing the value of PWM duty for
each channel. Minimum value is 0, maximum value is the same as period.
Channel to pin mapping:
Channels are mapping according to this table:
Channel
0
1
2
3
4
5
PoKeys pin
22
21
20
19
18
17
Remarks:
When using PWM enabled pins, digital inputs and outputs are inactive. Returns False on
error.
14.26.
LCDSetSettings
Set LCD settings.
bool LCDSetSettings(byte option, byte rows, byte cols)
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Arguments:
option
Set to 1 to enable LCD support.
rows
number of rows on LCD module used.
cols
number of columns on LCD module used.
Remarks:
Enabling LCD support does NOT disable pins. Special care should be taken when
simultanously using LCD designated pins for LCD display and digital inputs or outputs.
14.27.
LCDInit
Initializes the LCD module.
bool LCDInit()
Arguments:
No arguments needed
Remarks:
No remarks.
14.28.
LCDClear
Clears LCD display.
bool LCDClear()
Arguments:
No arguments needed
Remarks:
No remarks.
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14.29.
LCDGotoXY
Move cursor to position x (column), y (row)
bool LCDGotoXY(byte x, byte y)
Arguments:
x
Column
y
Row
Remarks:
x and y are 1-based addresses. Home position therefore is at 1,1.
14.30.
LCDPutc
Displays one character on LCD module.
bool LCDPutc(char character)
Arguments:
character
Character code of character to be displayed
Remarks:
Character is displayed from at current position of the cursor.
14.31.
LCDPrint
Displays string on LCD
bool LCDPrint(string LCDText)
Arguments:
LCDText
String containing up to 20 characters and \0 termination.
Remarks:
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Text is displayed from the current position of the cursor.
14.32.
LCDSetEntryMode
Set option for 'Entry mode'.
bool LCDSetEntryMode(byte CursorMoveDirection, byte DisplayShift)
Arguments:
CursorMoveDirection
0 for left-to-right movement, 1 for right-to-left movement
DisplayShift
0 for display shift off, 1 for display shift on
Remarks:
No remarks.
14.33.
LCDDisplayOnOffControl
Set option for 'On/off control'.
bool LCDDisplayOnOffControl(byte
CursorBlinkingOnOff)
DisplayOnOff,
byte
CursorOnOff,
byte
Arguments:
DisplayOnOff
1 for display on.
CursorOnOff
1 for cursor display on.
CursorBlinkingOnOff
1 for cursor blinking on
Remarks:
No remarks.
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14.34.
LCDDefineCustomCharacter
Defines one custom character.
bool LCDDefineCustomCharacter(byte CharacterCode, byte[] characterData)
Arguments:
Character code
Character code in range from 0 to 7
characterData
8-byte array containing custom character data as specified in LCD module
documentation.
Remarks:
No remarks.
14.35.
AuxilaryBusGetData
Reads PoExtBus enabled setting.
bool AuxilaryBusGetData(ref byte auxilaryBusEnabled)
Arguments:
auxilaryBusEnabled
PoExtBus enabled status (if 1, PoExtBus is enabled, otherwise disabled)
Remarks:
No remarks.
14.36.
AuxilaryBusSetData
Sets-up PoExtBus settings and data.
bool AuxilaryBusSetData(byte auxilaryBusEnabled, byte[] dataBytes)
Arguments:
auxilaryBusEnabled
PoExtBus enabled status (if 1, PoExtBus is enabled, otherwise disabled)
dataBytes
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Array of 10 byte values that are sent to the bus. First device on the PoExtBus always
receives the 10th element of the array, the second device (if present) receives 9th
element of the array, etc.
Remarks:
No remarks.
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15.
Interfacing with PoKeys library – C# example
Preinitialization
C#
1. Add a reference to a PoKeysDevice_DLL.dll, located in installation folder
2. Use the class PoKeysDevice from the PoKeysDevice_DLL namespace
Visual Basic 6.0
1. Add a reference to a PoKeysDevice_DLL.tlb, located in installation folder
2. Use the class PoKeysDevice_DLL.PoKeysDevice
Class initialization
PoKeysDevice_DLL.PoKeysDevice cPoKeys = new PoKeysDevice_DLL.PoKeysDevice();
Connecting to USB devices – PoKeys55/PoKeys56U
Enumerating the USB devices (this step must be taken even if we know exact device user
ID!)
int iNumDevices = cPoKeys.EnumerateDevices();
The command returns the number of USB PoKeys devices detected on the system.
Getting device's serial number, user ID, firmware version and pin count:
int iSerialNumber = 0;
int iFirmwareVersion = 0;
int iPinNum = 0;
byte iUserID = 0;
for (int n = 0; n < iNumDevices; n++)
{
cPoKeys.ConnectToDevice(n);
cPoKeys.GetDeviceID(ref iSerialNumber, ref iFirmwareVersion, ref iPinNum);
cPoKeys.GetUserID(ref iUserID);
cPoKeys.DisconnectDevice();
Console.WriteLine(n + ". device: Serial:
iFirmwareVersion + " User ID: " + iUserID);
}
"
+
iSerialNumber
+
"
Firmware:
Before any data can be read from or written to the device, the command ConnectToDevice
must be executed. It's parameter is a device's index and not the userID! (therefore can be
changed when multiple devices are connected at a time).
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Connecting to Ethernet devices – PoKeys56E
Enumerating the ethernet devices, connecting and retrieving basic data
The example below enumerates PoKeys56E devices, connects to every one of them and
displays its user ID and type in the listbox named lstEthDevices.
// Enumerate and list ethernet devices
MyDevice.StartEthernetDiscovery();
byte userID = 0;
lstEthDevices.Items.Clear();
lstEthDevices.Items.Add("Searching....");
lstEthDevices.Enabled = false;
lstEthDevices.Refresh();
Application.DoEvents();
Thread.Sleep(2000);
MyDevice.StopEthernetDiscovery();
if (MyDevice.GetNumberOfDetectedNetworkDevices() > 0)
{
lstEthDevices.Enabled = true;
lstEthDevices.Items.Clear();
cmdEthConnect.Enabled = true;
}
else
{
lstEthDevices.Items.Clear();
lstEthDevices.Items.Add("No device detected");
cmdEthConnect.Enabled = false;
}
for (int k = 0; k < MyDevice.GetNumberOfDetectedNetworkDevices(); k++)
{
// Three possibilites to connect to network device...
MyDevice.ConnectToNetworkDevice(MyDevice.EthDeviceIP[k]);
// Also
//MyDevice.ConnectToNetworkDevice(MyDevice.GetNetworkDeviceAddress(k));
// or even (with pointers)
//PoKeysDevice_DLL.sPoKeysNetworkDeviceData netData = new
PoKeysDevice_DLL.sPoKeysNetworkDeviceData();
//IntPtr ptr = Marshal.AllocHGlobal(200);
//Marshal.StructureToPtr(netData, ptr, false);
//MyDevice.COM_GetNetworkDeviceData(ptr, 0);
//netData = (PoKeysDevice_DLL.sPoKeysNetworkDeviceData)Marshal.PtrToStructure(ptr,
typeof(PoKeysDevice_DLL.sPoKeysNetworkDeviceData));
//MyDevice.ConnectToNetworkDevice(netData.IPAddress);
MyDevice.GetUserID(ref userID);
lstEthDevices.Items.Add(MyDevice.GetDeviceTypeName() + " (" + userID + ")");
MyDevice.DisconnectDevice();
}
Remarks: the array MyDevice.EthDeviceIP holds the IP addresses of all detected devices in
the process of automatic discovery.
PoKeys56E has a short connection timeout setting of 3 seconds (default, but can be altered in
the Device>Network device settings... menu. After no data is received for this period, the
connection with the host is terminated.
Reading pin configuration
byte iPinFunction = 0;
cPoKeys.GetPinData(0, ref iPinFunction);
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In this example 0 (Pin 1) is used for a pin ID. Pin IDs are 0 based.
iPinFunction has the following structure
Bit 7
Pin invert
Bit 6
reserved
Bit 5
reserved
Bit 4
A output
Bit 3
A input
Bit 2
D output
Bit 1
D input
Bit 0
reserved
where A stands for analog and D for digital.
Reading pin key mapping (only on USB PoKeys devices – PoKeys55 and PoKeys56U)
Let us presume that pin 2 is defined as keyboard digital input with direct key mapping
byte iPinKey = 0;
byte iPinModifier = 0;
byte iMappingType = 0;
cPoKeys.GetPinKeyMapping(1, ref iMappingType, ref iPinKey, ref iPinModifier);
iPinKey is a key code as described in USB HID standard
iPinModifier is a modifier for a key (Ctrl, Alt, Shift, Win key) and can be used with these masks:
const
const
const
const
const
byte
byte
byte
byte
byte
CtrlMask = 1;
ShiftMask = 2;
AltMask = 4;
WinMask = 8;
AltGrMask = 64;
iMappingType has the following structure
Bit 7
reserved
Bit 6
reserved
Bit 5
reserved
Bit 4
reserved
Bit 3
reserved
Bit 2
macro
Bit 1
direct
Bit 0
enable
bit 0 – Enable key mapping: to enable key mapping for a specific pin, this bit must be set to 1
bit 1 – enable direct key mapping: when this bit is set to 1, pin actions are directly reflected as a
keyboard key
bit 2 – enable keyboard macro mapping: when this bit is set to 1, special macro sequence is sent on
pin activation
There can be only one of the bits 1 or 2 set!
Reading input value
Let us presume that pin 3 is configured as digital input.
bool bInputVal = false;
cPoKeys.GetInput(2, ref bInputVal);
Console.WriteLine("Input 3 is " + (bInputVal?"On":"Off"));
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Reading analog input value
Let us presume that pin 43 is configured as analog input.
// Read analog value
int value = 0;
MyDevice.GetAnalogInput(42, ref value);
MessageBox.Show("Analog value: " + (3.3 * (double)value /
MyDevice.GetAnalogValueMax()).ToString("0.00") + " V");
Joystick axis mapping (only on USB PoKeys devices – PoKeys55 and PoKeys56U)
This is only possible on pins 43-47. If this is used on any other pin, the function will fail or be ignored.
cPoKeys.SetJoystickAxisMapping(42, iJoystickAxis);
iJoystickAxis can be used as follows:
0
1
2
3
4
5
None
Rx
Ry
X
Y
Throttle
Block read - digital
It is possible to poll 32 input pins with one request. All 55 pins can be read with two request joined in
single command.
// Read pins 1 to 32
bool[] values_1_32 = new bool[32];
myDevice.BlockGetInput1(ref values_1_32);
// Read pins 33 to 55
bool[] values_33_55 = new bool[23];
myDevice.BlockGetInput2(ref values_33_55);
// Read all pins (1-55)
bool[] values = new bool[55];
myDevice.BlockGetInputAll55(ref values);
Block read - analog
It is possible to poll 4 8-bit or 3 10-bit analog inputs with one command.
// 8-bit mode
byte[] channels = { 42, 43, 0, 45 };
byte[] values = new byte[channels.Length];
myDevice.BlockGetAnalogInput8bit(ref channels, ref values);
byte value1 = values[0];
byte value2 = values[1];
byte value3 = values[3];
// 10-bit mode
byte[] channels = { 42, 43, 45};
int[] values = new int[channels.Length];
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myDevice.BlockGetAnalogInput10bit(ref channels, ref values);
int value1 = values[0];
int value2 = values[1];
int value3 = values[2];
Block write - digital
It is possible to set 32 output pins with one request. All 55 pins can be set with two request joined in
single command.
// Simple 8-bit binary counter
bool[] states = new bool[32];
for (int n = 0; n < 255; n++)
{
for (int i = 0; i < 8; i++)
{
if ((n & (1 << i)) > 0) states [i] = false; else states [i] = true;
}
MyDevice.BlockSetOutput1(ref states); // Update pins 1 to 32
}
Reading encoder RAW values
RAW values from the encoder inputs can be read with following command.
byte iEncoderValue = 0;
cPoKeys.GetEncoderValue(1, ref iEncoderValue);
iEncoderValue is a value between 0 and 255.
Macro operations (only on USB PoKeys devices)
Create new macro
This command creates macro in first free position. It returns macro index.
byte iMacroID = 0;
byte iMacroLen= 10;
cPoKeys.MacroCreate(iMacroLen, ref iMacroID);
Modify macro length
This command modifes macro length.
byte iMacroID = 0;
byte iMacroNewLen = 50;
cPoKeys.MacroModifyLength(iMacroID, iMacroNewLen);
Delete macro
This command deletes specific macro.
byte iMacroID = 0;
cPoKeys.MacroDelete(iMacroID);
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Save macro configuration to flash
This command saves the current macro configuration to flash.
cPoKeys.MacroSaveConfiguration();
Change macro name
This command changes the macro name. Name property supports up to 7 characters.
byte iMacroID = 0;
cPoKeys.MacroSetName(iMacroID, "Macro1");
Set macro key
This command sets one macro key at the position iIndex. This index must be between 0 and
iMacroLen - 1.
byte iIndex = 5;
byte iKeyCode = 10;
byte iKeyModifier = 0;
cPoKeys.MacroSetKey(iMacroID, iIndex, iKeyCode, iKeyModifier);
Get free space for macros
Space for saving macros is limited. To find out how much free space exists, use the following
command.
int iFreeSpace = 0;
cPoKeys.MacroGetFreeSpace(ref iFreeSpace);
Get the list of macros' states
If the macro has the length of 0 it is designated as inactive. This command retrieves the list of states
for all the macros. If specific macro is active, bActiveMacros has the value True.
bool[] bActiveMacros = new bool[64];
cPoKeys.MacroGetActiveMacros(ref bActiveMacros);
Display current time on LCD
// Initialize library
PoKeysDevice_DLL.PoKeysDevice dev = new PoKeysDevice_DLL.PoKeysDevice();
// Enumerate devices and connect to first (we have only 1 connected)
dev.EnumerateDevices();
dev.ConnectToDevice(0);
// Set settings for 4x20 LCD
dev.LCDSetSettings(1, 4, 20);
// Initialize LCD
dev.LCDInit();
// Clear LCD
dev.LCDClear();
// Move cursor to home
dev.LCDGotoXY(1, 1);
// Print Hello, world!
dev.LCDPrint("Hello, world!");
// 1s delay
System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(1000);
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while (true)
{
Application.DoEvents();
System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(100);
// Move cursor to home
dev.LCDGotoXY(1, 1);
// Print current date and time
dev.LCDPrint(DateTime.Now.ToString());
}
Configuring PWM outputs
Configures pin 17 as PWM output with 20 ms period and 1.5 ms (7.5%) duty cycle. If a model RC
servo signal input is connected to this pin, servo motor horn should position itself in the middle
position.
bool[] channel = new bool[6];
uint[] duty = new uint[6];
// PWM base clock is 12 MHz (or 25 MHz on PoKeys56 devices), so 1 ms takes 12000 (25000)
cycles
float ms = MyDevice.GetPWMFrequency() / 1000;
uint period = (uint)(ms * 20);
// 20 ms period
channel[5] = true; // Pin 17 = channel 5 (Pin 18 = channel 4, ...)
duty[5] = (uint)(ms * 1.5); // Set duty cycle to 1.5 ms (7.5 %)
MyDevice.SetPWMOutputs(ref channel, ref period, ref duty);
Configuring matrix keyboard
Configures a 4x4 matrix keyboard, connected to first eight pins of PoKeys device.
byte[] rows = new byte[16]; // This must always be the size of 16
byte[] cols = new byte[8]; // This must always be the size of 8
bool[] macros = new bool[128];
byte[] keys = new byte[128];
byte[] modifiers = new byte[128];
// This must always be the size of 128
// This must always be the size of 128
// This must always be the size of 128
for (int i=0; i<4; i++)
{
cols[i] = (byte)i;
rows[i] = (byte)(i+4);
}
byte configuration = 1;
byte numrows = 4;
byte numcols = 4;
// Set column pins as digital inputs
MyDevice.SetPinData(0, 1 << 1);
MyDevice.SetPinData(1, 1 << 1);
MyDevice.SetPinData(2, 1 << 1);
MyDevice.SetPinData(3, 1 << 1);
// Set row pins as digital outputs
MyDevice.SetPinData(4, 1 << 2);
MyDevice.SetPinData(5, 1 << 2);
MyDevice.SetPinData(6, 1 << 2);
MyDevice.SetPinData(7, 1 << 2);
MyDevice.SetMatrixKeyboardConfiguration(ref configuration, ref numcols, ref numrows, ref
rows, ref cols, ref macros, ref keys, ref modifiers);
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Reading matrix keyboard status
Reads all matrix keyboard keys statuses.
bool[] KeyStates = new bool[128];
MyDevice.GetMatrixKeyboardKeyStatus(ref KeyStates);
string status = "";
for (int row = 0; row < 4; row++)
{
for (int col = 0; col < 4; col++)
{
status += KeyStates[row * 8 + col] ? "1 " : "0 ";
}
status += "\n";
}
MessageBox.Show("Key statuses:\n" + status);
Write data to PoExtBus device
Sends the byte to the first PoExtBus device. As the devices can be daisy-chained, the first device
connected to PoKeys device has the index 9. If any device is daisy-chained to this device, it would
have the index 8, etc.
byte[] dataOut = new byte[10];
// Set some value
dataOut[9] = 0xAA;
MyDevice.AuxilaryBusSetData(1, dataOut);
Write data to matrix LED display
This example activates the matrix LED display 1 as 8x8 display, clears it and draws a + sign on it.
// Enable LED1
MyDevice.MatrixLEDSetSettings(true, 8, 8, false, 8, 8);
// Invert the whole matrix
MyDevice.MatrixLED1ClearAll(true);
// Draw a dark + sign
MyDevice.MatrixLED1SetPixel(2,
MyDevice.MatrixLED1SetPixel(1,
MyDevice.MatrixLED1SetPixel(0,
MyDevice.MatrixLED1SetPixel(1,
MyDevice.MatrixLED1SetPixel(1,
1,
1,
1,
0,
2,
false);
false);
false);
false);
false);
Read tick counter
Every PoKeys device has a tick counter, a counter that internally counts milliseconds.
uint ticks = 0;
MyDevice.GetTickCounter(ref ticks);
MessageBox.Show("Tick counter: " + ticks);
Read temperature from the LM75 sensor, connected to I2C bus
byte stat = 0;
byte[] data = new byte[32];
// Write 0 to the device at the address 0x90 (LM75 command: set address)
data[0] = 0;
MyDevice.I2CStartWrite(0x90, 1, data);
MyDevice.I2CGetWriteStatus(ref stat);
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if (stat != 1)
{
MessageBox.Show("Error writing");
return;
}
// Read temperature – read two bytes from the device at the address of 0x90
MyDevice.I2CStartRead(0x90, 2);
// This operation was quite fast, so no wait is needed...
MyDevice.I2CGetReadStatus(ref stat, ref data);
if (stat == 1)
{
MessageBox.Show("Temperature: " + data[0] + "°C");
}
else
{
MessageBox.Show("Error reading");
}
Read temperature from DS18B20 sensor, connected to 1-wire bus
byte stat = 0;
byte[] data = new byte[16];
MyDevice.prot1WireSetStatus(true);
data[0] = 0xCC;
data[1] = 0x44;
MyDevice.prot1WireStartWriteAndRead(2, 0, data);
Thread.Sleep(1000);
data[0] = 0xCC;
data[1] = 0xBE;
MyDevice.prot1WireStartWriteAndRead(2, 9, data);
Thread.Sleep(10);
byte len = 0;
MyDevice.prot1WireGetReadStatus(ref stat, ref data, ref len);
if (stat == 1)
{
MessageBox.Show("Temperature: " + (((data[1] << 8) + data[0]) >> 4) + "°C");
}
else
{
MessageBox.Show("Error reading");
}
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16.
Major changes from 1.x to 1.7:
To move the PoKeys55 device to a new level some major changes to interface were imminent.
Pi n function 1 was removed (this was directly key mapped pin function). Instead, key mapping
functionality was added to any digital input pin. Key mapping type (none/direct/macro) can be set via
changed Key mapping command as shown in above example.
16.1. Pin 13 not functioning appropriately
On PoKeys55 devices with serial numbers greater than 10133 and lower than 11500 there is a flawed
connection for pin 13. Please do not use this pin.
Note: on PoKeys55 boards with serial number above 11500, this problem is removed.
16.2. Putting pin 4 low on startup disables PoKeys55 device from booting.
Avoid connecting switches that can be closed on startup to this pin.
Note: on PoKeys55 boards with serial number above 11500, this problem is removed.
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17.
Errata information
This section describes special limitations of the device.
Pins 5 and 6 cannot be separately set as outputs/inputs
Pins 5 and 6 must be both set to either input or output
Affected: PoKeys56E
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18.
Grant of license
The material contained in this release is licensed, not sold. PoLabs grants a license to the person who installs this software,
subject to the conditions listed below.
1. Access
The licensee agrees to allow access to this software only to persons who have been informed of and agree to abide by these
conditions.
Usage
The software in this release is for use only with PoLabs products or with data collected using PoLabs products.
Copyright
PoLabs claims the copyright of, and retains the rights to, all material (software, documents etc) contained in this release.
You may copy and distribute the entire release in its original state, but must not copy individual items within the release
other than for backup purposes.
Liability
PoLabs and its agents shall not be liable for any loss or damage, howsoever caused, related to the use of PoLabs equipment
or software, unless excluded by statute.
Fitness for purpose
No two applications are the same, so PoLabs cannot guarantee that its equipment or software is suitable for a given
application. It is therefore the user's responsibility to ensure that the product is suitable for the user's application.
Mission Critical applications
Because the software runs on a computer that may be running other software products, and may be subject to interference
from these other products, this license specifically excludes usage in 'mission critical' applications, for example life support
systems.
Viruses
This software was continuously monitored for viruses during production, however the user is responsible for virus checking
the software once it is installed.
Support
No software is ever error-free, but if you are unsatisfied with the performance of this software, please contact our technical
support staff, who will try to fix the problem within a reasonable time.
Upgrades
We provide upgrades, free of charge, from our web site at www.poscope.com. We reserve the right to charge for updates
or replacements sent out on physical media.
Trademarks
Windows is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation. PoKeys, PoKeys55, PoKeys56U, PoKeys56E, PoScope, PoLabs
and others are internationally registered trademarks.
support: www.poscope.com
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