Final_UFP-QAPP-Wheat Ridge Phase II_Jan28_2014_with SOPs

Final_UFP-QAPP-Wheat Ridge Phase II_Jan28_2014_with SOPs
FINAL
BROWNFIELDS ENVIRONMENTAL CONSULTANT/TESTING SERVICES
UNIFORM FEDERAL POLICY-QUALITY ASSURANCE PROJECT PLAN
CITY OF WHEAT RIDGE, COLORADO
Prepared for:
City of Wheat Ridge
7500 West 29th Avenue
Wheat Ridge, Colorado 80033
Prepared by:
RMC Consultants, Inc.
12295 West 48th Avenue
Wheat Ridge, Colorado 80033
January 2014
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
City of Wheat Ridge, Colorado
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.0 PROJECT MANAGEMENT AND OBJECTIVES: WORKSHEETS 1-16
Worksheet #1 Title And Approval Page .......................................................... 8 Worksheet #2 Qapp Identifying Information .................................................... 9 Worksheet #3 Distribution List ...................................................................... 14 Worksheet #4 Project Personnel Sign-Off Sheet .......................................... 15 Worksheet #5 Project Organizational Chart .................................................. 16 Worksheet #6 Communication Pathways ..................................................... 17 Worksheet #7 Personnel Responsibilities And Qualifications ....................... 18 Worksheet #8 Special Personnel Training Requirements ............................. 19 Worksheet #9 Project Scoping Session Participants Sheet .......................... 20 Worksheet #10 Problem Definition................................................................ 21 Worksheet #11 Project Quality Objectives/Systematic Planning
Process Statements ............................................................ 22 Worksheet #12 Measurement Performance Criteria ..................................... 24 Worksheet #13 Secondary Data Criteria and Limitations.............................. 26 Worksheet #14 Summary of Project Tasks ................................................... 27 Worksheet #15 Reference Limits And Evaluation Table ............................... 29 Worksheet #16 Project Schedule Timeline ................................................... 43 2.0 MEASUREMENT AND DATA ACQUISITION: WORKSHEETS 17-30
Worksheet #17 Sampling Design And Rationale .......................................... 44 Worksheet #18 Sampling Locations and Methods/SOP Requirements
Table ................................................................................... 45 Worksheet #19 Analytical SOP Requirements Table .................................... 46 Worksheet #20 Field Quality Control Sample Summary Table ..................... 47 Worksheet #21 Project Sampling SOP References Table ............................ 48 Worksheet #22 Field Equipment Calibration, Maintenance, Testing,
and Inspection Table ........................................................... 49 Worksheet #23 Analytical SOP References Table ........................................ 51 Worksheet #24 Analytical Instrument Calibration Table................................ 53 Worksheet #25 Analytical Instrument And Equipment Maintenance,
Testing, and Inspection Table ............................................. 58 Worksheet #26 Sample Handling System ..................................................... 59 Worksheet #27 Sample Custody Requirements ........................................... 60 Page ii
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
City of Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Worksheet #28 QC Samples Table............................................................... 61 Worksheet #29 Project Documents and Records Table ............................... 64 Worksheet #30 Analytical Services Table ..................................................... 65 3.0 ASSESSMENT AND OVERSIGHT WORKSHEETS 31-33
Worksheet #31 Planned Project Assessments Table ................................... 66 Worksheet #32 Assessment Findings and Corrective Action Responses ..... 67 Worksheet #33 Qa Management Reports Table ........................................... 68 4.0 DATA REVIEW WORKSHEETS 34-37
Worksheet #34 Verification (Step I) Process Table....................................... 69 Worksheet #35 Validation (Steps IIa And IIb) Process Table ....................... 70 Worksheet #36 Validation (Steps IIa And IIb) Summary Table ..................... 71 Worksheet #37 Usability Assessment ........................................................... 72 Page iii
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
City of Wheat Ridge, Colorado
LIST OF FIGURES
Figure 1
Wheat Ridge Urban Renewal Area Assessment Map
LIST OF APPENDICES
Appendix A
Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs)
Page iv
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
City of Wheat Ridge, Colorado
LIST OF ACRONYMS
ACM
ASTM
AAI
bgs
BTEX
CDPHE
CPR
CAS
CCC
CCV
CERCLA
COC
CSM
DO
DoD
DQO
DRO
EDD
EPA
ESA
FSP
GRO
GC/MS
HAZWOPER
HCL
ICAL
ICV
ID
IDW
LBP
LCS
LOD
LOQ
MDL
mL
Asbestos-Containing Material
American Society for Testing and Materials
All-Appropriate-Inquiry
below ground surface
benzene, toluene, ethylbenze and xylene
Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
Chemical Abstract Service Registry Number
Calibration Check Compound
Continuing Calibration Verification
Comprehensive Environment Response, Compensation, and Liability Act
Chain-of-Custody
Conceptual Site Model
Dissolved Oxygen
Department of Defense
Data Quality Objective
Diesel Range Organics
Electronic Data Deliverable
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Environmental Site Assessment
Field Sampling Plan
Gasoline Range Organics
Gas Chromatograph/Mass Spectrometer
Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response
Hydrochloric Acid
Initial Calibration
Initial Calibration Verification
Identification
Investigation Derived Waste
Lead-Based Paint
Laboratory Control Sample
Limit of Detection
Limit of Quantitation
Method Detection Limit
milliliter
Page v
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
City of Wheat Ridge, Colorado
MS/MSD
mS/cm
MTBE
NA
NELAP
ND
NTU
ORP
OSHA
PM
ppm
PQO
QA
QAPP
QC
QSM
RCRA
RF
RFP
RL
RMC
RPD
RSD
SEDD
SOP
SPCC
SSHO
SSHP
Std
SVOC
SW
TOD
TPH
UFP
VOA
VOC
VOA
VOC
Matrix Spike/Matrix Spike Duplicate
milliSiemens per centimeter
methyl tert-butyl ether
Not Applicable
National Environmental Laboratory Accreditation Program
Non-detect
Nephelometric Turbidity Units
Oxidation-Reduction Potential
Occupational Safety & Health Administration
Project Manager
parts per million
Project Quality Objectives
Quality Assurance
Quality Assurance Project Plan
Quality Control
Quality Systems Manual
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
Response Factor
Request for Proposals
Reporting Limit
RMC Consultants, Inc.
Relative Percent Difference
Relative Standard Deviation
Staged Electronic Data Deliverable
Standard Operating Procedure
System Performance Check Compound
Site Safety and Health Officer
Site Safety and Health Plan
Standard
Semi-Volatile Organic Carbon
Solid Waste
Transit Oriented Development
Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons
Uniform Federal Policy
Volatile Organic Analyte
Volatile Organic Compound
Volatile Organic Analysis
Volatile Organic Compound
Page vi
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
City of Wheat Ridge, Colorado
WR2020
µg/L
%
Wheat Ridge 2020
microgram per liter
Percent
Page vii
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
City of Wheat Ridge, Colorado
WORKSHEET #1 TITLE AND APPROVAL PAGE
Site Name/Project Name: Wheat Ridge, Colorado Community-Wide Brownfields Assessment Project
Site Location: Site locations will consist of properties located at Kipling and 38th Avenue, and 49th Avenue
and Ward Road [future transit oriented development (TOO) site for the end-of-the-line station for the Gold
Line light rail system], and Wheat Ridge urban renewal areas, including properties along the Wadsworth
Boulevard corridor between 35th Avenue and 44th Avenue and at 44th Avenue and Ward Road (Figure 1).
Document Title: Uniform Federal Policy-Quality Assurance Project Plan (UFP-QAPP) for Brownfields
Environmental Consultant/Testing Services, City of Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Lead Organization: City of Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Preparer's Name and Organization, Address, Telephone Number, and E-mail Address:
Jennifer Hussey- RMC Consultants, Inc.; 12295 West 48th Avenue, Unit A, Wheat Ridge, CO, 80033;
303.980.4101; [email protected]
Revision Preparation Date (Day/Month/Year): Initial submittal
Investigative Prf!iect Manager: David Groy!RMC
Consultants ~
/. df..;x:>l'/--
/7// si~at\e/0~
Project Field Operations Manager: Claude Murray!RMC
Consultant~&; rP )1
9
Signature/Date
Lead Organization's Project Manager: Sally Payne, City of Wheat Ridge _ _ _ __ __ _ _
Signature/Date
Appro~t
___ __ _ _ __ _ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ __ __
Signature/Date
PrinredName!Tftm: _________________________________________________
Approval' _ _ _ __ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ __ __ _
Signature/Date
PrinredName!Tftm: ___________________________________________________
• RMC
tell'•'liA~•I
Page 8
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
WORKSHEET #2 QAPP IDENTIFYING INFORMATION
Site Name/Project Name: Wheat Ridge,
Community-Wide Brownfields Assessment Project
Colorado Title: UFP-QAPP for Brownfield
Environmental Consultant/Testing
Services
Site Location: Properties located at Kipling and 38th Avenues, 49th Revision Number: 0
Avenue and Ward Road, (future TOD site for the Gold Line
terminal), and Wheat Ridge urban renewal areas, including
properties along the Wadsworth Boulevard corridor between 35th
and 44th Avenues, and at 44th Avenue and Ward Road (Figure 1).
Site Number/Code: NA
Revision Date: NA
Operable Unit: NA
Contractor Name: RMC Consultants, Inc.
Contractor Number: RFP No. 13-11
Contract Title: Brownfields Enviromental Consultants/Testing
Services Agreement
1. Identify regulatory program: Work performed shall follow the standards for Phase II environmental site
assessments (ESAs) established by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) to address
the “All-Appropriate-Inquiry” (AAI) aspect to the Comprehensive Environment Response,
Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA). Specifically, all work performed shall follow the guidance
outlined in ASTM Standard E1903-97R02, Guide for Environmental Site Assessments: Phase II
Environmental Site Assessment Process. Completion of Phase II work will also be consistent with the
requirements of the Colorado Voluntary Cleeanup Program evaluation criteria for soil (e.g., risk-based
guidance: Colorado Soil Evaluation Values) and water (i.e., Colorado state surface and ground water
standards), where applicable.
2. Identify approval entity: City of Wheat Ridge with support from Wheat Ridge 2020 (WR2020) and the
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region 8
3. The QAPP is (select one):
Generic
Project Specific
4. List dates of scoping sessions that were held: NA
5. List dates and titles of QAPP documents written for previous site work, if applicable:
Title
Approval Date
NA
6. List organizational partners (stakeholders) and connection with lead organization: WR2020, a community
and economic development organization in partnership with the City of Wheat Ridge, and the EPA
Region 8.
7. List data users: City of Wheat Ridge, WR2020, EPA, and RMC Consultants, Inc. (RMC)
8. Document Control Numbering System: A document control numbering system will not be used; QAPP
recipients are listed on Worksheet #3.
Page 9
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Worksheet #2 QAPP Identifying Information
Required QAPP Element(s) and
Corresponding QAPP Section(s)
Required Information
Crosswalk to Related
Documents
Project Management and Objectives
2.1 Title and Approval Page
– Title and Approval Page
Worksheet #1
2.2 Document Format and Table of Contents
2.2.1 Document Control Format
2.2.2 Document Control Numbering System
2.2.3 Table of Contents
2.2.4 QAPP Identifying Information
– Table of Contents
– QAPP Identifying Information
Worksheet #2
2.3 Distribution List and Project Personnel
Sign-Off Sheet
2.3.1 Distribution List
2.3.2 Project Personnel Sign-Off Sheet
– Distribution List
– Project Personnel Sign–Off
Sheet
Worksheet #3
Worksheet #4
2.4 Project Organization
2.4.1 Project Organizational Chart
2.4.2 Communication Pathways
2.4.3 Personnel Responsibilities and
Qualifications
2.4.4 Special Training Requirements and
Certification
– Project Organizational Chart
– Communication Pathways
– Personnel Responsibilities and
Qualifications Table
– Special Personnel Training
Requirements Table
Worksheet #5
Worksheet #6
Worksheet #7
Worksheet #8
2.5 Project Planning/Problem Definition
–
2.5.1 Project Planning (Scoping)
2.5.2 Problem Definition, Site History, and
–
Background
Project Planning Session
Worksheet #9
Documentation (including Data
Needs tables)
Project Scoping Session
Participants Sheet
– Problem Definition, Site History, and Worksheet #10
Background
– Site Maps (historical and present)
2.6 Project Quality Objectives and Measurement
Performance Criteria
2.6.1 Development of Project Quality
Objectives Using the Systematic
Planning Process
2.6.2 Measurement Performance Criteria
– Site–Specific PQOs
– Measurement Performance Criteria
Table
Worksheet #11
Worksheet #12
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Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Required QAPP Element(s) and
Corresponding QAPP Section(s)
2.7
Required Information
Secondary Data Evaluation
2.8 Project Overview and Schedule
2.8.1 Project Overview
2.8.2 Project Schedule
Crosswalk to Related
Documents
 Sources of Secondary Data and
Information
– Secondary Data Criteria and
Limitations Table
Worksheet #13
 Summary of Project Tasks
– Reference Limits and Evaluation
Table
– Project Schedule/Timeline Table
Worksheet #14
Worksheet #15
Worksheet #16
Measurement/Data Acquisition
3.1 Sampling Tasks
3.1.1 Sampling Process Design and
Rationale
3.1.2 Sampling Procedures and
Requirements
3.1.2.1 Sampling Collection Procedures
3.1.2.2 Sample Containers, Volume, and
Preservation
3.1.2.3 Equipment/Sample Containers
Cleaning and Decontamination
Procedures
3.1.2.4 Field Equipment Calibration,
Maintenance, Testing, and
Inspection Procedures
3.1.2.5 Supply Inspection and
Acceptance Procedures
3.1.2.6 Field Documentation Procedures
3.2 Analytical Tasks
3.2.1 Analytical SOPs
3.2.2 Analytical Instrument Calibration
Procedures
3.2.3 Analytical Instrument and Equipment
Maintenance, Testing, and Inspection
Procedures
3.2.4 Analytical Supply Inspection and
Acceptance Procedures
 Sampling Design and
Rationale
– Sample Location Map
– Sampling Locations and
Methods/SOP Requirements
Table
– Analytical Methods/SOP
Requirements Table
– Field Quality Control Sample
Summary Table
– Sampling SOPs
– Project Sampling SOP,
References, Table
 Field Equipment Calibration,
Maintenance, Testing, and
Inspection Table
Worksheet #17
Analytical SOPs
– Analytical SOP References Table
– Analytical Instrument Calibration
Table
– Analytical Instrument and
Equipment Maintenance, Testing,
and Inspection Table
Worksheet #23
Worksheet #18
Worksheet #19
Worksheet #20
Worksheet #21
Worksheet #22
Worksheet #24
Worksheet #25
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Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Required QAPP Element(s) and
Corresponding QAPP Section(s)
Required Information
Crosswalk to Related
Documents
3.3 Sample Collection Documentation, Handling,
Tracking, and Custody Procedures
3.3.1 Sample Collection Documentation
3.3.2 Sample Handling and Tracking
System
3.3.3 Sample Custody
– Sample Collection Documentation
Handling, Tracking, and Custody
SOPs
– Sample Container Identification
– Sample Handling Flow Diagram
– Example Chain-of-Custody Form
and Seal
Worksheet #26
Worksheet #27
3.4 Quality Control Samples
3.4.1 Sampling Quality Control Samples
3.4.2 Analytical Quality Control Samples
– QC Samples Table
– Screening/Confirmatory Analysis
Decision Tree
Worksheet #28
3.5 Data Management Tasks
3.5.1 Project Documentation and Records
3.5.2 Data Package Deliverables
3.5.3 Data Reporting Formats
3.5.4 Data Handling and Management
3.5.5 Data Tracking and Control
– Project Documents and Records
Table
– Analytical Services Table
– Data Management SOPs
Worksheet #29
Worksheet #30
Assessment/Oversight
4.1 Assessments and Response Actions
4.1.1 Planned Assessments
4.1.2 Assessment Findings and Corrective
Action Responses
–
4.2 QA Management Reports
–
–
–
–
Assessments and Response
Actions
Planned Project Assessments
Worksheet #31
Table
Audit Checklists
Worksheet #32
Assessment Findings and
Corrective Action Responses Table
QA Management Reports Table
Worksheet #33
4.3 Final Project Report
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Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Required QAPP Element(s) and
Corresponding QAPP Section(s)
Required Information
Crosswalk to Related
Documents
Data Review
5.1 Overview
5.2 Data Review Steps
5.2.1 Step I: Verification
5.2.2 Step II: Validation
5.2.2.1 Step IIa Validation Activities
5.2.2.2 Step IIb Validation Activities
5.2.3 Step III: Usability Assessment
5.2.3.1 Data Limitations and Actions from
Usability Assessment
5.2.3.2 Activities
5.3 Streamlining Data Review
5.3.1 Data Review Steps to be Streamlined
5.3.2 Criteria for Streamlining Data Review
5.3.3 Amounts and Types of Data
Appropriate for Streamlining
–
–
–
–
Verification (Step I) Process Table
Validation (Steps IIa and IIb)
Process Table
Validation (Steps IIa and IIb)
Summary Table
Usability Assessment
NA
Worksheet #34
Worksheet #35
Worksheet #36
Worksheet #37
NA
Page 13
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Worksheet #3 Distribution List
QAPP Recipients
Title
Organization
Telephone
Number
Fax Number
E-mail Address
Document Control
Number
Sally Payne
Senior Planner and Project
City of Wheat Ridge
Manager
(303) 235-2852
(303) 234-2857
[email protected]
Not Applicable
Bill Rothenmeyer
Brownfield Project
Manager
U.S. EPA Region 8
(303) 312-6045
(303) 312-6065
[email protected]
Not Applicable
David Groy
Prime Contractor Project
Manager
RMC
(303) 980-4101
(303) 980-4107
[email protected]
Not Applicable
Jason Kahlert
Project Health & Safety
Officer
RMC
(303) 980-4101
(303) 980-4107
[email protected]
Not Applicable
Claude Murray
Field Operations Manager RMC
(303) 980-4101
(303) 980-4107
[email protected]
Not Applicable
RMC
(303) 980-4101
(303) 980-4107
[email protected] Not Applicable
Joseph Mastromarchi Project QA Manager
Jennifer Hussey
Site Health & Safety
Officer/ Sampling Team
Leader
RMC
(303) 980-4101
(303) 980-4107
[email protected]
Not Applicable
Noelle Doyle Mathis
Laboratory Project
Manager
Origin Laboratory, Inc.
(303) 433-1322
(303) 265-9645
[email protected]
Not Applicable
Note: The Project Manager, Mr. David Groy, will distribute the QAPP electronically to all QAPP recipients listed in table.
Page 14
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Worksheet #4 Project Personnel Sign-Off Sheet
Project Personnel
Title
Telephone Number
David Groy
Prime Contractor Project Manager
(303) 980-4101
Jason Kahlert
Project Health & Safety Officer
(303) 980-4101
Claude Murray
Field Operations Manager
(303) 980-4101
Joseph Mastromarchi
Project QA Manager
(303) 980-4101
Jennifer Hussey
Site Safety and Health
Officer/Sampling Team Leader
(303) 980-4101
Noelle Doyle Mathis
Laboratory Project Manager
(303) 433-1322
Signature
Date Quality Assurance Project
Plan Read
Page 15
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Worksheet #5 Project Organizational Chart
Regulatory Stakeholder:
EPA Region 8
Bill Rothenmeyer
RMC Representative:
Jason Kahlert, Health & Safety Officer
Reviews Health & Safety protocol/practices,
prepares SSHP, and ensures H & S training/
certification is obtained by site personnel.
Lead Organization and
Approval Authority:
City of Wheat Ridge
Sally Payne, Sr. Planner, AICP
Contractor Organization:
RMC Consultants, Inc.
David Groy, Project Manager
Manages environmental tasks
and coordinates with lead
agency and subcontractors.
RMC Representative:
Jennifer Hussey, Sampling Team Leader
Leads the field sampling effort, reports any
deviations from the FSP, and provides
health & safety and QA/QC oversight.
Subcontractor Organization:
Origins Laboratory, Inc.
Noelle Doyle Mathis
Stakeholder:
WR2020
Denise Balkas
RMC Representative:
Claude Murray, Field Operations Manager
Coordinates all field activities and will notify
Project Manager of changes to QAPP and FSP.
RMC Representative:
Joseph Mastromarchi, Project QA Manager
Provides QA/QC oversight, reviews data,
evaluates the need for corrective actions, and
maintains the approved QAPP.
Subcontractor Organization:
Remington Technologies, LLC
(Drilling) Jesse Taylor
Line of Authority
Line of Communication
Page 16
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Worksheet #6 Communication Pathways
Communication Drivers
Responsible Entity
Name
Phone Number
Procedure
Principal Point of Contact with
EPA, WR2020, and RMC, Inc.
Lead Organization Project
Manager
Sally Payne
(303) 235-2852
All materials and information about the project will
be forwarded to EPA and WR2020 by Sally Payne.
Manage all Project Phases
Involving Environmental Tasks
Project Manager
David Groy
(303) 980-4101
RMC liaison to Sally Payne.
QAPP changes in the field
Field Operations Manager
Claude Murray
(303) 980-4101
Mr. Murray will notify David Groy of changes to
QAPP made in the field.
Reporting Lab Data Quality
Issues
Laboratory Quality Assurance
Officer
Noelle Doyle Mathis (303) 433-1322
All laboratory quality assurance/quality control
(QA/QC) issues will be reported by Noelle Doyle
Mathis to Joseph Mastromarchi as soon as lab
becomes aware of problem.
Field and Analytical Corrective
Actions
Project QA Manager
Joseph
Mastromarchi
(303) 980-4101
The need for corrective action for field and
analytical issues will be determined by Joseph
Mastromarchi.
Release of Analytical Data
Project QA Manager
Joseph
Mastromarchi
(303) 980-4101
No analytical data can be released until data
verification is completed and Joseph Mastromarchi
has approved the release.
QAPP Amendments
Approval Authority Project
Manager
Sally Payne
(303) 235-2852
Any major changes to the QAPP must be approved
by Sally Payne before the changes can be
implemented.
Page 17
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Worksheet #7 Personnel Responsibilities and Qualifications
Name
Title
Organizational
Affiliation
Responsibilities
Education and Experience
Qualifications
Sally Payne
Project Manager
City of Wheat Ridge
Oversees project and responds to
regulatory agency
American Institute of Certified Planners
(AICP) certification
David Groy
Project Manger
RMC
Manages environmental tasks coordinates with Lead Agency
Master of Science, Environmental Policy
and Management, 30 yrs. exp.
RMC
Leads the field sampling effort as
necessary and provides Quality
Assurance/Quality Control oversight
Bachelor of Science/Master of Arts,
Geology, 16 yrs. exp.
Jennifer Hussey
Jason Kahlert
Sampling Team Leader
Project Health and Safety
Officer
RMC
Reviews Health and Safety protocols and
practices, responsible for ensuring
Bachelor of Science, Geology, 19 yrs. exp.
OSHA-required H & S training and
State-required asbestos certification
obtained for applicable site personnel
Joseph Mastromarchi
Project QA Manager
RMC
Maintains the official, approved QAPP,
reviews data and QA/QC procedures,
and verifies that corrective action is taken
Bachelor of Science, Geology, 24 yrs. exp.
when necessary. The Project QA
Manager position is independent of the
unit generating data.
Claude Murray
Field Operations Manager
RMC
Coordinates all field activities and
provides Quality Assurance/Quality
Control oversight. Provides health and
safety oversight, acts as backup Site
Safety and Health Officer
Noelle Doyle Mathis
Laboratory Project
Manager
Origins Laboratory, Inc.
Manages laboratory project
Bachelor of Science, Geology, 30 yrs. exp.
Page 18
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Worksheet #8 Special Personnel Training Requirements
Project
Function
Specialized Training –
Title or Description of
Course
Training
Provider
Training
Date
Site Worker
OSHA 40-hour
HAZWOPER with annual
refresher training
Qualified
individual or
institute
To be
completed
prior to field
event
Site Worker
First Aid/CPR
Qualified
individual or
institute
Site
Supervisor
OSHA 8-hour
HAZWOPER Supervisor
CDPHE Asbestos
Certification
Building
Inspector
Personnel/Groups
Receiving
Training
Personnel Titles/
Organizational
Affiliation
Location of Training
Records/Certificates
All site workers
Sampling Team
Member
RMC
Site worker's employer
To be
completed
prior to field
event
All site workers
Sampling Team
Member
RMC
Site worker's employer
Qualified
individual or
institute
To be
completed
prior to field
event
Sampling Team
Leader/SSHO
Sampling Team Leader
Supervisor's employer
RMC
Qualified
individual or
institute
To be
completed
prior to field
event
Asbestos Building
Inspector
Asbestos Building
Inspector
RMC
Inspector’s employer
Page 19
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Worksheet #9 Project Scoping Session Participants Sheet
Project Name:
Brownfields Enviromental
Consultant/Testing Services
Projected Date(s) of Phase II: February - July
2014
Project Manager: David Groy, RMC Consultants,
Inc.
Site Name: Will be determined, following Phase I ESA
Site Location: Properties located at Kipling and 38th
Ave. and 49th Ave. and Ward Rd. (future TOD site for
the Gold Line terminal), and Wheat Ridge urban
renewal areas, including properties along the
Wadsworth Blvd. corridor between 35th Ave. and 44th
Ave. and at 44th Ave. and Ward Rd.
Date of Session: See below
Scoping Session Purpose:
Name
Title
Affiliation
Phone #
E-mail
Address
Project Role
Comments/Decisions: The scope for Phase II work was specified in the Request for Proposals
(RFP-13-11), Brownfields Enviromental Consultants/Testing Services for the City of Wheat Ridge, Colorado,
dated March 8, 2013. This QAPP is not site-specific. Amendments to this QAPP will be included in the
site-specific field sampling plans (FSPs), following the completion of the Phase I assessments and meetings
with the City of Wheat Ridge and property owners. The scope of work for Phase II sites will be clearly stated
in the site-specific field sampling plans.
Page 20
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Worksheet #10 Problem Definition
The problem to be addressed by the project:
The objectives of the Phase I and II activities are to identify, inventory, assess, rank and select existing hazardous substance and petroleum substance
sites/properties within the City of Wheat Ridge for site specific assessments, and also to develop liability management and remedial strategies that will allow
for the safe and viable monitoring and/or redevelopment/reuse of those identified and selected properties.
The environmental questions being asked: First, is there the presence or absence of contamination? Second, what is the extent, magnitude, and cleanup
options for contaminants that may pose a threat to redevelopment and future land use for properties evaluated during the Phase II environmental
assessments?
Development of the project’s conceptual site model (CSM) :
A conceptual site model will be developed for each property evaluated during the Phase II assessments and included in the site-specific field sampling plan.
The CSM for each site will include the following: sources of known or suspected hazardous waste; known or suspected contaminants primary release
mechanism; fate and transport considerations; potential receptors and exposure pathways; land use considerations; and site conditions.
The possible classes of contaminants and the affected matrices:
Potentially contaminated sites associated with hazardous substances and petroleum substances will be identified during the Phase I assessments.
Contaminated media may include soil vapor, surface soil, subsurface soil, groundwater, and structures with asbestos-containing material (ACM) and
lead-based paint (LBP).
The rationale for inclusion of chemical and nonchemical analyses:
Potential contaminants of concern will be identified for each site during the Phase I assessments. The rationale for selected analyses will be provided in the
site-specific FSPs prepared for the Phase II sites.
Information concerning various environmental indicators: Each Phase I ESA will include a review of regulatory agency enviromental databases (a radius map
report) that will assist with ensuring compliance with ASTM E1527-13 and the EPA’s All Appropriate Inquiry rule. See Worksheet #13.
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Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Worksheet #11 Project Quality Objectives /Systematic Planning Process Statements
Who will use the data?
City of Wheat Ridge, WR2020, EPA, and RMC.
What will the data be used for?
The data will be used to address gaps identified in the CSM. Additionally, the data will be used to assess the sites and develop remedial strategies that will
allow for the safe and viable monitoring and/or redevelopment/reuse of selected properties.
What type of data is needed?
Off-site chemical analyses for organic and inorganic compounds and potential LBP and ACM performed by an accredited analytical testing facility under the
National Environmental Laboratory Accreditation Program (NELAP). Water quality measurements including dissolved oxygen (DO), pH, specific
conductance, oxidation-reduction potential [ORP], temperature, and turbidity may be recorded during well purging to ensure representative samples are
collected.
How “good” do the data need to be in order to support the environmental decision?
The data must be of known quality compared to the quality control (QC) requirements specified in this QAPP (Worksheets 12, 15, and 28).
How much data are needed?
Up to 10 soil samples and 4 groundwater samples will be collected from each Phase II site. Sample collection will also consist of 1 field sample duplicate
and 1 matrix spike/matrix spike duplicate (MS/MSD) sample pair per matrix at each site. The site-specific FSPs will specify the sampling needs to meet the
project data quality objectives (DQOs).
Where, when, and how should the data be collected/generated?
Phase II activities will be implemented upon the completion and approval of the Phase I environmental assessments. The samples and associated field data
will be collected/generated using the procedures and protocols described in the Standard Operating Procedures provided in Appendix A. Sample locations
will be specified in the site-specific FSPs prepared for each site that requires a Phase II environmental assessment. Analytical data will be generated by a
contract analytical laboratory using USEPA approved analytical methods.
Who will collect and generate the data?
RMC will collect all samples and submit them to Origins Laboratory in Denver, CO for analysis. The laboratory will submit hardcopy and electronic data to
RMC for inclusion in the Phase II reports.
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Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
How will the data be reported?
Origins Laboratory, Inc. will provide the analytical data as a hard copy report including a complete raw data package, and as a Staged Electronic Data
Deliverable (SEDD) in the 2A format.
How will the data be archived?
RMC will archive the data until it is turned over to the City of Wheat Ridge Project Manager at project completion. RMC archives all electronic analytical data
deliverables by project number on the company’s internal storage server; RMC servers are amended nightly and fully backed up weekly to ensure data
preservation. Additionally, RMC will request a hard copy report of the analytical data. Origins Laboratory’s records control process (i.e., storage and
archival) is provided in Origins Laboratory document No. QU0009C, Title: Records Control and Maintenance and Data Documentation Practices, revision
date 3/27/12.
What procedures will be used to demonstrate acceptability of hardware and software configurations?
Hardware configurations (i.e., Pentium[R] Dual Core CPU processors at 2.8 GHz) will be used to run Microsoft Access, Word, and Excel 2010 under the
Windows 7 Professional operating system. Information Technology (IT) staff are responsible for assuring hardware configurations meet the requirements for
running current and future data management/database software as well as providing technical support. Software development and database administration
are also the responsibility of the IT staff. IT staff, if necessary, develop applications based on user requests and assures full system compatibility prior to
implementation.
Page 23
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Worksheet #12 Measurement Performance Criteria
Matrix: Water or Soil
Analytical Group/Concentration Level: Organics or Inorganics/Low
Analytical Method: All
QC Sample
Frequency
Data Quality
Indicators
Measurement
Performance Criteria1
Assesses Error2
Field Duplicate
1 per 10 field samples per media
Precision
≤ 30% RPD
S&A
Matrix Spike
1 per 20 field samples per media
Bias
DOD QSM 4.2 as noted in
Worksheet #28
S&A
Matrix Spike Duplicate
1 per 20 field samples per media
Bias, Precision
DOD QSM 4.2 as noted in
Worksheet #28
S&A
Surrogate Spike
All field and QC samples
Accuracy
DOD QSM 4.2 as noted in
Worksheet #28
S&A
Equipment Rinse Blank
1 per site and per media when
using non-dedicated or reusable
sampling devices
Bias
Not detected > LOQ
S&A
Temperature Blank
1 per cooler
Bias
0ºC - 6ºC
S
Laboratory Control Sample
1 per preparatory batch of 20 or
fewer samples
Accuracy
DOD QSM 4.2 as noted in
Worksheet #28
A
Laboratory Method Blank
1 per preparatory batch of 20 or
fewer samples
Bias
No analytes detected > ½
the LOQ
A
Sensitivity
≤ LOQ
A
Sensitivity
≤ Reporting limit
A
Laboratory Limit of Detection
(LOD) determination and
verification
Quarterly
Laboratory Limit of Quantitation
(LOQ) establishment and
verification
Quarterly
Page 24
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Matrix: Water or Soil
Analytical Group/Concentration Level: Organics or Inorganics/Low
Analytical Method: All
QC Sample
Not applicable
Frequency
Each sample delivery group
(SDG)
Data Quality
Indicators
Completeness
Measurement
Performance Criteria1
< 10% data rejected
Assesses Error2
S&A
1QC
acceptance criteria from the Department of Defense (DoD) Quality Systems Manual (QSM) for Environmental Laboratories Version 4.2, 10/25/2010
http://www.denix.osd.mil/edqw/) as noted in Worksheets where applicable. The DoD QSM was developed to provide baseline requirements for the establishment
and management of quality systems for environmental testing laboratories performing services for the DoD; it is based on the National Environmental Laboratory
Accreditation Conference (NELAC) Chapter 5 Quality Systems standard (July 1999). Although none of the Phase II properties are DoD sites, RMC intends to use
the DoD QSM for guidance since the manual contains the minimum requirements essential to ensuring the generation of definitive environmental data of known
quality, appropriate for their intended uses, and the requirements apply to all environmental laboratories regardless of size or complexity. The DoD QSM is
referenced throughout this QAPP, as it pertains to QA/QC criteria.
2Sampling
(S), Analytical (A), or both (S&A)
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Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Worksheet #13 Secondary Data Criteria and Limitations
Secondary Data
Review of regulatory
agency environmental
databases
Review of the Colorado
Department of Labor and
Employment, Oil and
Public Safety (OPS)
database for registered
and/or leaking
underground petroleum
storage tanks
Review of Colorado
Division of Water
Resources (CDOWR)
database
Review of topographic
maps and aerial
photographs
Data Source
Data Generator(s)
How Data Will Be Used
A records search for
facilities that handle or
release hazardous
materials and/or
petroleum.
Limitations on Data
Use
The radius map report
assists with ensuring
compliance with ASTM
E1527-13 and the EPA’s
All Appropriate Inquiry
rule
Enviromental
GeoSearch™ Report
Enviromental GeoSearch™ Report by
Historical Information Gatherers, Inc..
and provided in RMC’s Phase I
Enviromental Assessment.
Enviromental
GeoSearch™ Report
Enviromental GeoSearch™ Report by
Historical Information Gatherers, Inc..
and provided in RMC’s Phase I
Enviromental Assessment.
A records search for
facilities with registered
and/or leaking
underground petroleum
storage tanks.
Enviromental
GeoSearch™ Report
Enviromental GeoSearch™ Report by
Historical Information Gatherers, Inc..
and provided in RMC’s Phase I
Enviromental Assessment.
Not all wells within the
A records search for well
specified search radius
permits.
may be listed.
USGS and GeoSearch™
Report
Enviromental GeoSearch™ Report by
Historical Information Gatherers, Inc.
and provided in RMC’s Phase I
Enviromental Assessment.
Illustrates surface water
drainage pathways and To be determined.
historical land use.
State underground
storage tank (UST)
records may not be
complete.
Page 26
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Worksheet #14 Summary of Project Tasks
Site-Specific Work Plans: Prepare site-specific work plans to address the Phase II assessment activities, the SAP, the site safety & health plan
(SSHP), and any revisions/amendments to this QAPP based on site-specific conditions.
Direct Push Borings: Advance up to six boreholes to 25 feet below ground surface (bgs) using direct push technology at each site. Prior to the start
of the field investigation, the locations of all utilities in the vicinity of the proposed boreholes will be determined to ensure a safe working environment
during direct-push activities.
Drill and Install Temporary Monitoring Wells: Drill up to four boreholes (using hollow-stem augers) at each site and install a 2-inch temporary
monitoring well in each borehole.
Limited Sampling: Collect one soil sample from each soil boring and one groundwater sample from each newly installed temporary well.
Sample Analysis: Sample analysis may include, but be not limited to, the following: volatile organic carbons (VOCs), semi-volatile organic carbons
(SVOCs), benzene, toluene, ethylbenze and xylene (BTEX) & methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE), total petroleum hydrocarbns (TPH) [diesel range
organics (DRO) + gasoline range organics (GRO)], Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) metals, lead (in soil), ACM, and LBP. Sample
analysis will be site-specific and determined according to findings from the Phase I ESA. The following water quality parameters will be measured
and recorded during well purging: DO, pH, specific conductance, ORP, temperature, and turbidity.
Quality Control Tasks: The following field QC samples will be collected and analyzed: field duplicates, matrix spikes, matrix spike duplicates, and (if
necessary) equipment blanks. The following laboratory QC samples will be routinley analyzed: method blanks and laboratory control samples.
Worksheets #12 and #28 list specific field QC sample types to be analyzed and evaluated. Laboratory data will be verified by the Project Chemist
following receipt of data from the laboratory.
Asbestos and LBP Survey: Conduct an asbestos and LBP survey on subject properties located at 38th and Kipling (3 structures). One approximately
27,000 square-foot commercial retail center, one 2,875 square-foot commercial office building, and one 2,400 square-foot commercial retail
center. These structures were built around 1974.
Data Review: The laboratory will verify all data are complete for samples received. Data will be verfired by the Project Chemist according to the
requirements noted in Worksheets #34, #35, and #36. All data will be evaluated for project use.
Community Outreach: Assist the City of Wheat Ridge and WR2020 in community outreach efforts, including the development of informational
materials and the participation in public meetings. One-on-one meetings will also be held with property owners to explain the Brownfields Grant
program and to address concerns property owners may have about brownfields assessments being undertaken on their properties.
Page 27
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Phase II ESA Reporting: Prepare a report evaluating the potential concerns identified in the Phase I ESAs, identify the likely exposure pathways, and
evaluate site-specific clean-up options, if warranted.
Site Cleanup Plan: Develop Clean-up Plans, as needed, based on results of Phase II Environmental Assessments. The City of Wheat Ridge and
RMC will work closely with Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment (CDPHE) and EPA in identifying and reviewing the most
appropriate and effective remedial options for each selected brownfield site's future clean-up and redevelopment.
Page 28
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Worksheet #15 Reference Limits and Evaluation Table
Analyte
CAS Number
Matrix: Water
Analytical Group/Method: VOCs, SW-846 8260C
Unit: µg/L
1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane
630-20-6
1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene
120-82-1
1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene
95-63-6
1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane
96-12-8
1,2-Dibromoethane (EDB)
106-93-4
1,2-Dichlorobenzene
95-50-1
1,2-Dichloroethane
107-06-2
1,2-Dichloropropane
78-87-5
1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene
108-67-8
1,3-Dichlorobenzene
541-73-1
1,3-Dichloropropane
142-28-9
1,1,1-Trichloroethane
71-55-6
1,4-Dichlorobenzene
106-46-7
2,2-Dichloropropane
590-20-7
2-Butanone
78-93-3
2-Chlorotoluene
95-49-8
2-Hexanone
591-78-6
4-Chlorotoluene
106-43-4
4-Isopropyltoluene
99-87-6
4-Methyl-2-pentanone
108-10-1
Acetone
67-64-1
Benzene
71-43-2
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane
79-34-5
Bromobenzene
108-86-1
Bromochloromethane
74-97-5
Bromodichloromethane
75-27-4
Bromoform
75-25-2
Bromomethane
74-83-9
Carbon disulfide
75-15-0
Carbon tetrachloride
56-23-5
Chlorobenzene
108-90-7
Chloroethane
75-00-3
Chloroform
67-66-3
1,1,2-Trichloroethane
79-00-5
Chloromethane
74-87-3
cis-1,2-Dichloroethene
156-59-2
cis-1,3-Dichloropropene
10061-01-5
Dibromochloromethane
124-48-1
Dibromomethane
74-95-3
Ethylbenzene
100-41-4
Hexachlorobutadiene
87-68-3
Iodomethane
74-88-4
Isopropylbenzene
98-82-8
m,p-Xylene
108-38-3/106-42-3
Method
Detection Limit
Reporting Limit
0.09
0.1
0.1
0.5
0.1
0.07
0.7
0.06
0.04
0.07
0.09
0.04
0.08
0.1
2.0
0.02
0.03
0.04
0.05
0.04
3.8
0.05
0.08
0.08
0.1
0.08
0.1
0.08
0.2
0.06
0.04
0.1
0.07
0.1
0.1
0.07
0.08
0.06
0.2
0.07
0.1
0.1
0.06
0.1
1.0
1.0
1.0
5.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
5.0
1.0
5.0
1.0
1.0
5.0
8.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
2.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.5
2.0
1.0
2.0
Page 29
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Analyte
1,1-Dichloroethane
Methylene Chloride
Methyl tert-Butyl Ether
Naphthalene
n-Butylbenzene
n-Propylbenzene
o-Xylene
sec-Butylbenzene
Styrene
tert-Butylbenzene
Tetrachloroethene
1,1-Dichloroethene
Toluene
trans-1,2-Dichloroethene
trans-1,3-Dichloropropene
Trichloroethene
Trichlorofluoromethane
Vinyl chloride
1,2-Dichloroethane-d4
Toluene-d8
4-Bromofluorobenzene
1,1-Dichloropropene
Fluorobenzene
Chlorobenzene-d5
1,4-Dichlorobenzene-d4
1,2,3-Trichlorobenzene
1,2,3-Trichloropropane
CAS Number
Method
Detection Limit
Reporting Limit
75-34-3
75-09-2
1634-04-4
91-20-3
104-51-8
103-65-1
95-47-6
135-98-8
100-42-5
98-06-6
127-18-4
75-35-4
108-88-3
156-60-5
10061-02-6
79-01-6
75-69-4
75-01-4
17060-07-0
2037-26-5
460-00-4
563-58-6
462-06-6
3114-55-4
3855-82-1
87-61-6
96-18-4
0.1
0.0
0.08
0.2
0.06
0.09
0.08
0.04
0.07
0.05
0.06
0.07
0.1
0.04
0.09
0.05
0.07
0.07
Not applicable
Not applicable
Not applicable
0.05
Not applicable
Not applicable
Not applicable
0.008
0.2
1.0
5.0
1.0
10.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
Not applicable
Not applicable
Not applicable
1.0
Not applicable
Not applicable
Not applicable
5.0
5.0
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
0.3
3
3
3
3
3
3
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
1
10
10
10
10
10
10
Matrix: Water
Analytical Group/Method: SVOCs, SW-846 8270D
Units: µg/L
1,1-Biphenyl
92-52-4
1,2,4,5-Tetrachlorobenzene
95-94-3
1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene
120-82-1
1,2-Dichlorobenzene
95-50-1
1,2-Diphenylhydrazine
122-66-7
1,3,5-Trinitrobenzene
99-35-4
1,3-Dichlorobenzene
541-73-1
1,4-Dichlorobenzene
106-46-7
1,4-Dinitrobenzene
100-25-4
1,4-Dioxane
123-91-1
1,4-Naphthoquinone
130-15-4
1-Hexanol
111-27-3
1-Methylnaphthalene
90-12-0
1-Naphthylamine
134-32-7
1-Nitropyrene
5522-43-0
2,2'-Dichlorobenzil
21854-95-5
2,3,4,6-Tetrachlorophenol
58-90-2
2,3-Dichloroaniline
608-27-5
2,4,5-Trichlorophenol
95-95-4
Page 30
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Analyte
2,4,6-Tribromophenol
2,4,6-Trichlorophenol
2,4-Dichlorophenol
2,4-Dimethylphenol
2,4-Dinitrophenol
2,4-Dinitrotoluene
2,4-Toluene diisocyanate
2,6-Dichlorophenol
2,6-Dinitrotoluene
2-Acetylaminofluorene
2-Chloronaphthalene
2-Chlorophenol
2-Ethoxyethanol
2-Fluorobiphenyl
2-Fluorophenol
2-Methyl-4,6-dinitrophenol
2-Methylnaphthalene
2-Naphthylamine
2-Nitrophenol
2-Picoline
3,3'-Dichlorobenzidine
3,3'-Dimethylbenzidine
3-Methylcholanthrene
4,4'-Methylenebis(2-chloroaniline)
4-Aminobiphenyl
4-Bromophenylphenylether
4-Chloro-3-methylphenol
4-Chloroaniline
4-Chlorophenylphenylether
4-Chlorothioanisole
4-Chlorothiophenol
4-Nitrophenol
4-Nitroquinoline-1-oxide
5-Methylchrysene
5-Nitro-o-toluidine
7,12Dimethylbenz(a)anthracene
7H-Dibenzo(c,g)carbazole
Acenaphthene
Acenaphthylene
Acetophenone
Aniline
Anthracene
Aramite
Atrazine
Benzaldehyde
Benzidine
Benzo(a)anthracene
Benzo(a)pyrene
Benzo(b)fluoranthene
CAS Number
Method
Detection Limit
Reporting Limit
118-79-6
88-06-2
120-83-2
105-67-9
51-28-5
121-14-2
584-84-9
87-65-0
606-20-2
53-96-3
91-58-7
95-57-8
110-80-5
321-60-8
367-12-4
534-52-1
91-57-6
91-59-8
88-75-5
109-06-8
91-94-1
119-93-7
56-49-5
101-14-4
92-67-1
101-55-3
59-50-7
106-47-8
7005-72-3
123-09-1
106-54-7
100-02-7
56-57-5
3697-24-3
99-55-8
57-97-6
194-59-2
83-32-9
208-96-8
98-86-2
62-53-3
120-12-7
140-57-8
1912-24-9
100-52-7
92-87-5
56-55-3
50-32-8
205-99-2
3
3
3
3
5
3
10
3
3
3
0.41
3
3
3
3
3
0.3
3
3
3
3
3.3
3
3
3
3
3
3.3
3
3
3
3
3.8
3
3
3
3
0.3
0.3
3
4.2
0.3
3.7
3
3
3.9
0.3
0.3
0.3
10
10
10
10
20
10
10
10
10
10
1
10
10
10
10
10
1
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
1
1
10
10
1
10
10
10
10
1
1
1
Page 31
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Analyte
Benzo(b,k)fluoranthene
Benzo(ghi)perylene
Benzo(j)fluoranthene
Benzo(k)fluoranthene
Benzoic acid
Benzyl alcohol
Biphenyl
Butylbenzylphthalate
Caprolactam
Carbazole
Chlorobenzilate
Chrysene
Cresols (total)
Di-n-butylphthalate
Di-n-octylphthalate
Diallate
Dibenz(a,h)acridine
Dibenzo(a,e)pyrene
Dibenzo(a,h)anthracene
Dibenzo(a,h)pyrene
Dibenzo(a,i)pyrene
Dibenzo(a,j)acridine
Dibenzo(a,l)pyrene
Dibenzofuran
Diethylphthalate
Dimethoate
Dimethylphthalate
Dinoseb
Diphenyl disulfide
Diphenyl sulfide
Diphenylamine
Disulfoton
Ethyl Methanesulfonate
Ethyl methacrylate
Famphur
Fluoranthene
Fluorene
Hexachlorobenzene
Hexachlorobutadiene
Hexachlorocyclopentadiene
Hexachloroethane
Hexachlorophene
Hexachloropropene
Hydroxymethyl phthalimide
Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene
Isodrin
Isophorone
Isosafrole
Kepone
CAS Number
Method
Detection Limit
Reporting Limit
NA
191-24-2
205-82-3
207-08-9
65-85-0
100-51-6
92-52-4
85-68-7
105-60-2
86-74-8
510-15-6
218-01-9
1319-77-3
84-74-2
117-84-0
2303-16-4
226-36-8
192-65-4
53-70-3
189-64-0
189-55-9
224-42-0
191-30-0
132-64-9
84-66-2
60-51-5
131-11-3
88-85-7
882-33-7
139-66-2
122-39-4
298-04-4
62-50-0
97-63-2
52-85-7
206-44-0
86-73-7
118-74-1
87-68-3
77-47-4
67-72-1
70-30-4
1888-71-7
118-29-6
193-39-5
465-73-6
78-59-1
120-58-1
143-50-0
0.3
0.3
3
0.3
6
3
3
3
3
0.3
3
0.3
3
3
3
3
3
3.9
0.3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
5
0.3
0.3
3
3
3
3
167
3
5
0.3
3
3.5
3
3
10
1
10
1
20
10
10
10
10
1
10
1
20
10
10
10
10
10
1
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
1
1
10
10
10
10
500
10
20
1
10
10
10
10
Page 32
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Analyte
Methapyrilene
Methoxychlor
Methyl methacrylate
Methyl methanesulfonate
Methyl parathion
N-Methyl-N-nitrosomethylamine
N-Nitrosodi-n-butylamine
N-Nitrosodiethylamine
N-Nitrosodipropylamine
N-Nitrosomethylethylamine
N-Nitrosomorpholine
N-Nitrosopiperidine
N-Nitrosopyrrolidine
Naphthalene
Nitrobenzene
Nitrobenzene-d5
Octachlorostyrene
Parathion
Pentachlorobenzene
Pentachloroethane
Pentachloronitrobenzene
Pentachlorophenol
Phenacetin
Phenanthrene
Phenol
Phenol-d5
Phenyl sulfone
Phorate
Pronamide
Pyrene
Pyridine
Quinoline
Safrole
Sulfotepp
Tetrachlorophenols
Thionazin
Thiophenol
Tributylphosphate
Trichlorophenols
Triethylphosphorothioate
a,a-Dimethylphenethylamine
alpha-Terpineol
bis(2-Chloroethoxy)methane
bis(2-Chloroethyl) ether
bis(2-Chloroisopropyl)ether
bis(2-Ethylhexyl)phthalate
bis(p-Chlorophenyl)disulfide
bis(p-Chlorophenyl)sulfone
m,p-Cresols
CAS Number
Method
Detection Limit
Reporting Limit
91-80-5
72-43-5
80-62-6
66-27-3
298-00-0
62-75-9
924-16-3
55-18-5
621-64-7
10595-95-6
59-89-2
100-75-4
930-55-2
91-20-3
98-95-3
4165-60-0
29082-74-4
56-38-2
608-93-5
76-01-7
82-68-8
87-86-5
62-44-2
85-01-8
108-95-2
4165-62-2
127-63-9
298-02-2
23950-58-5
129-00-0
110-86-1
91-22-5
94-59-7
3689-24-5
Tetrachlorophenols
297-97-2
108-98-5
126-73-8
Trichlorophenols
126-68-1
122-09-8
98-55-5
111-91-1
111-44-4
39638-32-9
117-81-7
1142-19-4
80-07-9
65794-96-9
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
0.3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3.4
3
3
0.3
3
3
3
3
3
0.3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
5.4
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3.7
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
1
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
1
10
10
10
10
10
1
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
Page 33
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Analyte
CAS Number
m-Dinitrobenzene
99-65-0
m-Nitroaniline
99-09-2
m-Toluidine
108-44-1
n-Decane
124-18-5
n-Octadecane
593-45-3
o-Cresol
95-48-7
o-Nitroaniline
88-74-4
o-Toluidine
95-53-4
p-(Dimethylamino)azobenzene
60-11-7
p-Benzoquinone
106-51-4
p-Nitroaniline
100-01-6
p-Phenylenediamine
106-50-3
p-Terphenyl-d14
1718-51-0
p-Toluidine
106-44-1
Matrix: Water
Analytical Group/Method: TPH, SW-846 8015C
Units: mg/L
Method
Detection Limit
Reporting Limit
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
100
3
3
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
500
10
10
Gasoline (C6-C10)
Not applicable
4.67
Diesel (C10-C28)
Not applicable
1.05
Residual Range Organics
(C28-C36)
Not applicable
1.22
TPH - Carbon Chain Total
Not applicable
0.0
o-Terphenyl
84-15-1
Not applicable
Matrix: Water
Analytical Group/Method: RCRA Metals, SW-846 6010C/7470A
Units: µg/L
Arsenic
7440-38-2
Barium
7440-39-3
Cadmium
7440-43-9
Chromium
7440-47-3
Lead
7439-92-1
Selenium
7782-49-2
Mercury
7439-97-6
Silver
7440-22-4
Matrix: SOIL
Analytical Group/Method: VOCs, SW-846 8260C
Units: µg/kg
1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane
1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene
1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene
1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane
1,2-Dibromoethane (EDB)
1,2-Dichlorobenzene
1,2-Dichloroethane
1,2-Dichloropropane
1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene
1,3-Dichlorobenzene
1,3-Dichloropropane
1,1,1-Trichloroethane
630-20-6
120-82-1
95-63-6
96-12-8
106-93-4
95-50-1
107-06-2
78-87-5
108-67-8
541-73-1
142-28-9
71-55-6
5
5
10
5
Not applicable
5
1
1
1
3.3
6
0.067
1
30
5
5
5
10
30
0.2
5
0.4
0.4
0.2
1.9
0.6
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.2
4.0
4.0
4.0
20.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
Page 34
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Analyte
1,4-Dichlorobenzene
2,2-Dichloropropane
2-Butanone
2-Chlorotoluene
2-Hexanone
4-Chlorotoluene
4-Isopropyltoluene
4-Methyl-2-pentanone
Acetone
Benzene
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane
Bromobenzene
Bromochloromethane
Bromodichloromethane
Bromoform
Bromomethane
Carbon disulfide
Carbon tetrachloride
Chlorobenzene
Chloroethane
Chloroform
1,1,2-Trichloroethane
Chloromethane
cis-1,2-Dichloroethene
cis-1,3-Dichloropropene
Dibromochloromethane
Dibromomethane
Ethylbenzene
Hexachlorobutadiene
Iodomethane
Isopropylbenzene
m,p-Xylene
1,1-Dichloroethane
Methyl tert-Butyl Ether
Methylene Chloride
Naphthalene
n-Butylbenzene
n-Propylbenzene
o-Xylene
sec-Butylbenzene
Styrene
tert-Butylbenzene
Tetrachloroethene
1,1-Dichloroethene
Toluene
trans-1,2-Dichloroethene
trans-1,3-Dichloropropene
Trichloroethene
Trichlorofluoromethane
CAS Number
Method
Detection Limit
Reporting Limit
106-46-7
590-20-7
78-93-3
95-49-8
591-78-6
106-43-4
99-87-6
108-10-1
67-64-1
71-43-2
79-34-5
108-86-1
74-97-5
75-27-4
75-25-2
74-83-9
75-15-0
56-23-5
108-90-7
75-00-3
67-66-3
79-00-5
74-87-3
156-59-2
10061-01-5
124-48-1
74-95-3
100-41-4
87-68-3
74-88-4
98-82-8
108-38-3/106-42-3
75-34-3
1634-04-4
75-09-2
91-20-3
104-51-8
103-65-1
95-47-6
135-98-8
100-42-5
98-06-6
127-18-4
75-35-4
108-88-3
156-60-5
10061-02-6
79-01-6
75-69-4
0.3
0.6
8.0
0.1
1.3
0.2
0.2
1.4
15.1
0.2
0.3
0.3
0.5
0.3
0.5
0.3
0.6
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.3
0.5
0.5
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.6
0.3
0.5
0.7
0.2
0.6
0.3
0.3
1.0
0.7
0.3
0.1
0.3
0.2
0.3
0.2
0.3
0.2
0.4
0.7
0.3
0.2
0.3
4.0
4.0
20.0
4.0
20.0
4.0
4.0
20.0
32.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
10.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
5.0
10.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
20.0
20.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
Page 35
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Analyte
Vinyl chloride
1,2-Dichloroethane-d4
Toluene-d8
4-Bromofluorobenzene
1,1-Dichloropropene
Fluorobenzene
Chlorobenzene-d5
1,4-Dichlorobenzene-d4
1,2,3-Trichlorobenzene
1,2,3-Trichloropropane
1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane
1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene
1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene
1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane
1,2-Dibromoethane (EDB)
1,2-Dichlorobenzene
1,2-Dichloroethane
1,2-Dichloropropane
1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene
1,3-Dichlorobenzene
1,3-Dichloropropane
1,1,1-Trichloroethane
1,4-Dichlorobenzene
2,2-Dichloropropane
2-Butanone
2-Chlorotoluene
2-Hexanone
4-Chlorotoluene
4-Isopropyltoluene
4-Methyl-2-pentanone
Acetone
Benzene
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane
Bromobenzene
Bromochloromethane
Bromodichloromethane
Bromoform
Bromomethane
Carbon disulfide
Carbon tetrachloride
Chlorobenzene
Chloroethane
Chloroform
1,1,2-Trichloroethane
Chloromethane
cis-1,2-Dichloroethene
cis-1,3-Dichloropropene
Dibromochloromethane
Dibromomethane
CAS Number
Method
Detection Limit
Reporting Limit
75-01-4
17060-07-0
2037-26-5
460-00-4
563-58-6
462-06-6
3114-55-4
3855-82-1
87-61-6
96-18-4
630-20-6
120-82-1
95-63-6
96-12-8
106-93-4
95-50-1
107-06-2
78-87-5
108-67-8
541-73-1
142-28-9
71-55-6
106-46-7
590-20-7
78-93-3
95-49-8
591-78-6
106-43-4
99-87-6
108-10-1
67-64-1
71-43-2
79-34-5
108-86-1
74-97-5
75-27-4
75-25-2
74-83-9
75-15-0
56-23-5
108-90-7
75-00-3
67-66-3
79-00-5
74-87-3
156-59-2
10061-01-5
124-48-1
74-95-3
0.3
Not applicable
Not applicable
Not applicable
0.3
Not applicable
Not applicable
Not applicable
0.9
0.6
0.4
0.4
0.2
1.9
0.6
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.2
0.3
0.6
8.0
0.1
1.3
0.2
0.2
1.4
15.1
0.2
0.3
0.3
0.5
0.3
0.5
0.3
0.6
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.3
0.5
0.5
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.6
4.0
Not applicable
Not applicable
Not applicable
4.0
Not applicable
Not applicable
Not applicable
10.0
10.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
20.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
20.0
4.0
20.0
4.0
4.0
20.0
32.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
10.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
Page 36
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Analyte
CAS Number
Ethylbenzene
100-41-4
Hexachlorobutadiene
87-68-3
Iodomethane
74-88-4
Isopropylbenzene
98-82-8
m,p-Xylene
108-38-3/106-42-3
1,1-Dichloroethane
75-34-3
Methyl tert-Butyl Ether
1634-04-4
Methylene Chloride
75-09-2
Naphthalene
91-20-3
n-Butylbenzene
104-51-8
n-Propylbenzene
103-65-1
o-Xylene
95-47-6
sec-Butylbenzene
135-98-8
Styrene
100-42-5
tert-Butylbenzene
98-06-6
Tetrachloroethene
127-18-4
1,1-Dichloroethene
75-35-4
Toluene
108-88-3
trans-1,2-Dichloroethene
156-60-5
trans-1,3-Dichloropropene
10061-02-6
Trichloroethene
79-01-6
Trichlorofluoromethane
75-69-4
Vinyl chloride
75-01-4
1,2-Dichloroethane-d4
17060-07-0
Toluene-d8
2037-26-5
4-Bromofluorobenzene
460-00-4
1,1-Dichloropropene
563-58-6
Fluorobenzene
462-06-6
Chlorobenzene-d5
3114-55-4
1,4-Dichlorobenzene-d4
3855-82-1
1,2,3-Trichlorobenzene
87-61-6
1,2,3-Trichloropropane
96-18-4
Matrix: SOIL
Analytical Group/Method: SVOCs, SW-846 8270D
Units: µg/kg
(2,3-Dibromopropyl)phosphate
1,1'-Biphenyl
1,2,4,5-Tetrachlorobenzene
1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene
1,2-Dichlorobenzene
1,2-Diphenylhydrazine
1,3,5-Trinitrobenzene
1,3-Dichlorobenzene
1,4-Dichlorobenzene
1,4-Dinitrobenzene
1,4-Dioxane
1,4-Naphthoquinone
1-Hexanol
1-Methylnaphthalene
126-72-7
92-52-4
95-94-3
120-82-1
95-50-1
122-66-7
99-35-4
541-73-1
106-46-7
100-25-4
123-91-1
130-15-4
111-27-3
90-12-0
Method
Detection Limit
0.3
0.5
0.7
0.2
0.6
0.3
0.3
1.0
0.7
0.3
0.1
0.3
0.2
0.3
0.2
0.3
0.2
0.4
0.7
0.3
0.2
0.3
0.3
Not applicable
Not applicable
Not applicable
0.3
Not applicable
Not applicable
Not applicable
0.9
0.6
333
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
9.99
Reporting Limit
4.0
5.0
10.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
20.0
20.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
Not applicable
Not applicable
Not applicable
4.0
Not applicable
Not applicable
Not applicable
10.0
10.0
1650
333
333
333
333
333
333
333
333
330
333
333
333
33.3
Page 37
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Analyte
1-Naphthylamine
1-Nitropyrene
2,2'-Dichlorobenzil
2,3,4,6-Tetrachlorophenol
2,3-Dichloroaniline
2,4,5-Trichlorophenol
2,4,6-Trichlorophenol
2,4-Dichlorophenol
2,4-Dimethylphenol
2,4-Dinitrophenol
2,4-Dinitrotoluene
2,4-Toluene diisocyanate
2,6-Dichlorophenol
2,6-Dinitrotoluene
2-Acetylaminofluorene
2-Chloronaphthalene
2-Chlorophenol
2-Ethoxyethanol
2-Methyl-4,6-dinitrophenol
2-Methylnaphthalene
2-Naphthylamine
2-Nitrophenol
2-Picoline
3,3'-Dichlorobenzidine
3,3'-Dimethylbenzidine
3,5-Dimethylphenol
3-Methylcholanthrene
4,4'-Methylenebis(2-chloroaniline)
4-Aminobiphenyl
4-Bromophenylphenylether
4-Chloro-3-methylphenol
4-Chloroaniline
4-Chlorophenylphenylether
4-Chlorothioanisole
4-Chlorothiophenol
4-Nitrophenol
4-Nitroquinoline-1-oxide
5-Methylchrysene
5-Nitro-o-toluidine
7,12Dimethylbenz(a)anthracene
7H-Dibenzo(c,g)carbazole
Acenaphthene
Acenaphthylene
Acetophenone
Aniline
Anthracene
Aramite
Atrazine
Benzaldehyde
CAS Number
Method
Detection Limit
Reporting Limit
134-32-7
5522-43-0
21854-95-5
58-90-2
608-27-5
95-95-4
88-06-2
120-83-2
105-67-9
51-28-5
121-14-2
584-84-9
87-65-0
606-20-2
53-96-3
91-58-7
95-57-8
110-80-5
534-52-1
91-57-6
91-59-8
88-75-5
109-06-8
91-94-1
119-93-7
108-68-9
56-49-5
101-14-4
92-67-1
101-55-3
59-50-7
106-47-8
7005-72-3
123-09-1
106-54-7
100-02-7
56-57-5
3697-24-3
99-55-8
57-97-6
194-59-2
83-32-9
208-96-8
98-86-2
62-53-3
120-12-7
140-57-8
1912-24-9
100-52-7
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
333
99.9
99.9
99.9
9.99
99.9
333
99.9
9.99
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
333
99.9
99.9
133.2
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
9.99
9.99
99.9
99.9
9.99
99.9
133.2
99.9
333
333
333
333
330
333
333
333
333
666
333
333
333
333
333
33.3
333
1650
333
33.3
333
333
333
333
330
333
333
1650
333
333
333
333
333
333
333
333
333
333
333
333
333
33.3
33.3
333
333
33.3
333
333
333
Page 38
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Analyte
Benzidine
Benzo(a)anthracene
Benzo(a)pyrene
Benzo(b)fluoranthene
Benzo(ghi)perylene
Benzo(j)fluoranthene
Benzo(k)fluoranthene
Benzoic acid
Benzyl alcohol
Biphenyl
Butylbenzylphthalate
Caprolactam
Carbazole
Chlorobenzilate
Chrysene
Cis-diallate
Cresols (total)
Di-n-butylphthalate
Di-n-octylphthalate
Diallate
Dibenz(a,h)acridine
Dibenzo(a,e)pyrene
Dibenzo(a,h)anthracene
Dibenzo(a,h)pyrene
Dibenzo(a,i)pyrene
Dibenzo(a,j)acridine
Dibenzo(a,l)pyrene
Dibenzofuran
Diethylphthalate
Dimethoate
Dimethylphthalate
Dinoseb
Diphenyl disulfide
Diphenyl sulfide
Diphenylamine
Disulfoton
Ethyl Methanesulfonate
Ethyl methacrylate
Famphur
Fluoranthene
Fluorene
Hexachlorobenzene
Hexachlorobutadiene
Hexachlorocyclopentadiene
Hexachloroethane
Hexachlorophene
Hexachloropropene
Hydroxymethyl phthalimide
Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene
CAS Number
Method
Detection Limit
Reporting Limit
92-87-5
56-55-3
50-32-8
205-99-2
191-24-2
205-82-3
207-08-9
65-85-0
100-51-6
92-52-4
85-68-7
105-60-2
86-74-8
510-15-6
218-01-9
2303-16-4
1319-77-3
84-74-2
117-84-0
2303-16-4
226-36-8
192-65-4
53-70-3
189-64-0
189-55-9
224-42-0
191-30-0
132-64-9
84-66-2
60-51-5
131-11-3
88-85-7
882-33-7
139-66-2
122-39-4
298-04-4
62-50-0
97-63-2
52-85-7
206-44-0
86-73-7
118-74-1
87-68-3
77-47-4
67-72-1
70-30-4
1888-71-7
118-29-6
193-39-5
99.9
9.99
9.99
9.99
9.99
99.9
9.99
166.5
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
9.99
99.9
9.99
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
9.99
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
9.99
9.99
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
3862.8
99.9
99.9
9.99
330
33.3
33.3
33.3
33.3
333
33.3
660
333
330
333
333
33.3
333
33.3
330
666
333
333
333
333
330
33.3
333
333
333
333
333
333
333
333
333
333
333
333
333
333
333
333
33.3
33.3
333
333
333
333
16500
333
333
33.3
Page 39
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Analyte
Isodrin
Isophorone
Isosafrole
Kepone
Methapyrilene
Methoxychlor
Methyl methacrylate
Methyl methanesulfonate
Methyl parathion
N-Methyl-N-nitrosomethylamine
N-Nitrosodi-n-butylamine
N-Nitrosodiethylamine
N-Nitrosodipropylamine
N-Nitrosomethylethylamine
N-Nitrosomorpholine
N-Nitrosopiperidine
N-Nitrosopyrrolidine
Naphthalene
Nitrobenzene
Octachlorostyrene
Parathion
Pentachlorobenzene
Pentachloroethane
Pentachloronitrobenzene
Pentachlorophenol
Phenacetin
Phenanthrene
Phenol
Phenyl sulfone
Phorate
Phthalic Anhydride
Phthalic acid
Pronamide
Pyrene
Pyridine
Quinoline
Safrole
Sulfotepp
Thionazin
Thiophenol
Tributylphosphate
Triethylphosphorothioate
a,a-Dimethylphenethylamine
alpha-Terpineol
bis(2-Chloroethoxy)methane
bis(2-Chloroethyl) ether
bis(2-Chloroisopropyl)ether
bis(2-Ethylhexyl)phthalate
bis(Chloromethyl)ether
CAS Number
Method
Detection Limit
Reporting Limit
465-73-6
78-59-1
120-58-1
143-50-0
91-80-5
72-43-5
80-62-6
66-27-3
298-00-0
62-75-9
924-16-3
55-18-5
621-64-7
10595-95-6
59-89-2
100-75-4
930-55-2
91-20-3
98-95-3
29082-74-4
56-38-2
608-93-5
76-01-7
82-68-8
87-86-5
62-44-2
85-01-8
108-95-2
127-63-9
298-02-2
85-44-9
88-99-3
23950-58-5
129-00-0
110-86-1
91-22-5
94-59-7
3689-24-5
297-97-2
108-98-5
126-73-8
126-68-1
122-09-8
98-55-5
111-91-1
111-44-4
39638-32-9
117-81-7
542-88-1
66.6
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
9.99
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
9.99
99.9
99.9
99.9
532.8
99.9
99.9
9.99
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
116.55
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
333
333
333
333
333
333
333
333
333
330
333
333
333
333
333
333
333
33.3
333
333
333
333
333
333
333
333
33.3
333
333
333
1650
333
333
33.3
333
333
333
333
333
333
333
333
330
330
333
333
333
333
333
Page 40
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Analyte
CAS Number
bis(p-Chlorophenyl)disulfide
1142-19-4
bis(p-Chlorophenyl)sulfone
80-07-9
m,p-Cresols
65794-96-9
m-Dinitrobenzene
99-65-0
m-Nitroaniline
99-09-2
m-Toluidine
108-44-1
n-Decane
124-18-5
n-Octadecane
593-45-3
o-Cresol
95-48-7
o-Nitroaniline
88-74-4
o-Toluidine
95-53-4
p-(Dimethylamino)azobenzene
60-11-7
p-Benzoquinone
106-51-4
p-Nitroaniline
100-01-6
p-Phenylenediamine
106-50-3
p-Toluidine
106-44-1
Matrix: SOIL
Analytical Group/Method: TPH, SW-846 8015C
Units: mg/kg
Method
Detection Limit
Reporting Limit
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99
99.9
99.9
99.9
109.89
99.9
99.9
199.8
99.9
3330
99.9
333
333
333
330
333
330
330
330
333
333
330
330
660
333
16500
333
Gasoline (C6-C10)
Not applicable
16.8
Diesel (C10-C28)
Not applicable
13.0
Residual Range Organics
(C28-C36)
Not applicable
4.6
TPH - Carbon Chain Total
Not applicable
0.0
o-Terphenyl
84-15-1
Not applicable
Matrix: SOIL
Analytical Group/Method: RCRA Metals, SW-846 6010C/7471B
Units: mg/kg
50.0
50.0
100
50.0
Not applicable
Arsenic
7440-38-2
Barium
7440-39-3
Cadmium
7440-43-9
Chromium
7440-47-3
Lead
7439-92-1
Selenium
7782-49-2
Mercury
7439-97-6
Silver
7440-22-4
Matrix: TCLP
Analytical Group/Method: VOA, SW-846 8260B
Units: mg/L
0.5
0.1
0.1
0.15
0.33
0.5
0.00402
0.1
3
0.5
0.5
0.5
1
3
0.01
0.5
1,1-Dichloroethylene
1,2-Dichloroethane
1,4-Dichlorobenzene
2-Butanone
Benzene
Carbon tetrachloride
Chlorobenzene
Chloroform
Tetrachloroethylene
Trichloroethylene
0.003
0.0025
0.0025
0.0125
0.003
0.003
0.0025
0.0025
0.003
0.0025
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.05
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
75-35-4
107-06-2
106-46-7
78-93-3
71-43-2
56-23-5
108-90-7
67-66-3
127-18-4
79-01-6
Page 41
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Method
Detection Limit
Reporting Limit
Vinyl chloride
75-01-4
Matrix: TCLP
Analytical Group/Method: SVOCs, SW-846 8270C
Units: mg/L
0.005
0.01
1,4-Dichlorobenzene
106-46-7
2,4,5-Trichlorophenol
95-95-4
2,4,6-Trichlorophenol
88-06-2
2,4-Dinitrotoluene
121-14-2
Hexachlorobenzene
118-74-1
Hexachlorobutadiene
87-68-3
Hexachloroethane
67-72-1
Nitrobenzene
98-95-3
Pentachlorophenol
87-86-5
Pyridine
110-86-1
m,p-Cresols
65794-96-9
o-Cresol
95-48-7
Matrix: TCLP
Analytical Group/Method: RCRA Metals, SW-846 6010C
Units: mg/L
0.015
0.015
0.015
0.015
0.015
0.015
0.015
0.015
0.015
0.015
0.015
0.015
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.033
0.06
0.01
0.00066
0.3
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.1
0.3
0.05
0.002
Analyte
Arsenic
Barium
Cadmium
Chromium
Lead
Selenium
Silver
Mercury
CAS Number
7440-38-2
7440-39-3
7440-43-9
7440-47-3
7439-92-1
7782-49-2
7440-22-4
7439-97-6
Page 42
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Worksheet #16 Project Schedule Timeline
Dates
Activities
Organization
Anticipated
Date(s) of Initiation
Public Meetings
RMC Consultants will
assist City of Wheat
Ridge and WR2020
1st meeting is on 12/11/13
2nd meeting is estimated
to be on 3/11/14
3rd meeting is estimated
to be on 6/4/13
Prepare UFP-QAPP
RMC Consultants
December 2013
Phase II Investigation
RMC Consultants
February 2014
Anticipated Date of
Completion
NA
Deliverable
Deliverable Due Date
RMC will assist with the
community outreach
Date of meeting
effort and participate in
public meetings
Early December
2013
A general UFP-QAPP
Prior to the start of
Phase II work
July 2014
Site-Specific Field
Sampling Plans, Final
Phase II ESA Reports,
and Analytical Data –
EDD and Hard Copy
Within 2 months of
completing field
sampling and
investigations
Note: Only activities associated with Phase II work are listed. Phase I activities are not addressed in this QAPP.
Page 43
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Worksheet #17 Sampling Design and Rationale
Sampling approach: Sampling activities must be adequate to determine the presence or absence, magnitude, extent, and cleanup options for
contaminants that may pose a threat to redevelopment and future land use. The sampling approach will address data gaps identified during the
Phase I ESAs.
Sampling design and rationale: Findings from the Phase I ESAs will be used to determine the sampling design and rationale, which will be presented
in the site-specific work plans.
Page 44
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Worksheet #18 Sampling Locations and Methods/SOP Requirements Table
Sampling Location
Surface Soil
Matrix
Soil
Sample Depth
(ft bgs)
0 to 0.5
Analytical
Group
Sample
Number of
Collection SOP
Samples per Site
Reference1
VOCs, BTEX Only if warranted;
& MTBE,
number to be
SVOCs, TPH, determined in
RCRA Metals site-specific FSP
Soil Borings
One sample will be collected
from each borehole. Up to 10
soil borings (4 of which will be
completed as temporary
wells) will be advanced at
each site.
Temporary Monitoring Wells
Up to four temporary wells
will be installed at each site.
IDW
1See
Rationale for
Sampling Location
SOP-2
Surface Soil
Sampling
To be determined;
dependent upon Phase
I ESA findings
To be determined;
dependent upon Phase
I ESA findings
VOCs, BTEX
To be determined
& MTBE,
during direct push and
SVOCs, TPH,
drilling activities
RCRA Metals
Up to 10 soil
samples
SOP-3 and 4
Direct-Push
Advancement &
Sampling
Hollow-Stem
Auger Drilling &
Sampling
VOCs, BTEX
Dependant upon well
& MTBE,
Groundwater
screen placement SVOCs, TPH,
RCRA Metals
Up to 4
groundwater
samples
SOP-8
Groundwater
Sample
Collection
To be determined;
dependent upon Phase
I ESA findings
SOP-10
Investigation
Derived Waste
Management
NA
Soil
Soil and
Groundwater
NA
TCLP (VOCs, One composite
SVOCs, TPH, sample per matrix
Metals)
per site
Sample Collection SOP References table (Worksheet #21)
Page 45
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Worksheet #19 Analytical SOP Requirements Table: Sample Containers, Preservation, and Hold Times
Matrix
Soil
Groundwater
Analytical and
Analytical
Preparation
Group/Analytes Method/SOP
Reference 1
Containers
Preservation
Requirements
Maximum
Holding Time
(preparation/
analysis)
VOCs
5030A/8260C
4 oz
4 oz Glass, wide mouth
Cool, 4°C, No
Headspace
14 days
SVOCs
3541C/8270D
8 oz
8 oz Glass, wide mouth
Cool, 4°C
14 days
BTEX & MTBE
5030A/8260C
4 oz
4 oz Glass, wide mouth
Cool, 4°C, No
Headspace
14 days
TPH - GRO
3580/8015C
4 oz
4 oz Glass, wide mouth
Cool, 4°C
14 days
TPH - DRO
3580/8015C
8 oz
8 oz Glass, wide mouth
Cool, 4°C
14 days
RCRA 8 Metals
3050B/6010C/
7471B
4 oz
4 oz Glass, wide mouth
Cool, 4°C
6 months
VOCs
5030B/8260C
3 x 40 mL
SVOCs
3510C/8270D
BTEX & MTBE
5030B/8260C
3 x 40 mL
3 x 40 mL Glass, Teflon-Lined Cool, 4°C, HCl to
14 days
Septum Cap
pH<2, No Headspace
TPH - GRO
3511 Mod/8015C
3 x 40 mL
3 x 40 mL Glass, Teflon-Lined Cool, 4°C, HCl to
14 days
Septum Cap
pH<2, No Headspace
TPH - DRO
3511 Mod/8015C 2 x 1,000 mL 2 x 1,000 mL Glass (Amber) Cool, 4°C
RCRA 8 Metals
1Analytcial
Sample
Volume
(oz or mL)
3005A/6010C/
7470A
3 x 40 mL Glass, Teflon-Lined Cool, 4°C, HCl to
14 days
Septum Cap
pH<2, No Headspace
2 x 1,000 mL 2 x 1,000 mL Glass (Amber) Cool, 4°C
500 mL
1 x 500 poly container
Cool, 4°C, HNO3 to
pH<2
7 days
7 days
6 months
SOP References table (Worksheet #23)
Page 46
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Worksheet #20 Field Quality Control Sample Summary Table
Matrix
Soil
Normal Field
Samples
Analytical Group
(per site)
Field
Duplicate
Samples
Matrix
Spike/Matrix
Spike Duplicate
Pairs
Field
Blanks
Equipment
Blanks
Others
Total
Samples*
(per site)
VOCs
Up to 10
1
1
0
1
0
Up to 13
SVOCs
Up to 10
1
1
0
1
0
Up to 13
BTEX & MTBE
Up to 10
1
1
0
1
0
Up to 13
TPH (GRO & DRO)
Up to 10
1
1
0
1
0
Up to 13
RCRA 8 Metals
Up to 10
1
1
0
1
0
Up to 13
Lead
Up to 10
1
1
0
1
0
Up to 13
Up to 4
1
1
0
1
0
Up to 7
SVOCs
Up to 4
1
1
0
1
0
Up to 7
BTEX & MTBE
Up to 4
1
1
0
1
0
Up to 7
TPH (GRO & DRO)
Up to 4
1
1
0
1
0
Up to 7
RCRA 8 Metals
Up to 4
1
1
0
1
0
Up to 7
1 per media
0
0
0
0
0
2 (1 for soil, 1 for
purge/decon water)
Groundwater VOCs
Soil &
Groundwater TCLP parameters
IDW
*Note: Total number of field samples and quality control samples are listed for each site. Number of Phase II sites and total number of sample locations
per site will be provided in the Phase II site-specific FSPs.
Page 47
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Worksheet #21 Project Sampling SOPs Reference Table
Reference
Number
Title, Revision Date and/or Number
Originating
Organization
Sampling Equipment Type
Modified for
Project Work?
(Check if yes)
Comments
SOP-1
Field Headspace Screening, 12/2013
RMC Consultants
PID
See Appendix A for SOP
SOP-2
Surface Soil Sampling, 12/2013
RMC Consultants
Stainless steel spoon, mixing
bowl
See Appendix A for SOP
SOP-3
Direct-Push Advancement and
Sampling, 12/2013
RMC Consultants
Direct-push equipment,
stainless steel spoon, mixing
bowl
See Appendix A for SOP
SOP-4
Hollow-Stem Auger Drilling and
Sampling, 12/2013
RMC Consultants
Stainless steel split spoon
sampler, liner, stainless steel
spoon, mixing bowl
See Appendix A for SOP
SOP-8
Groundwater Sampling, 12/2013
RMC Consultants
HF SCIENTIFIC MICRO
TPW, YSI PRO PLUS, &
portable submersible pumps
See Appendix A for SOP
SOP-9
Equipment Decontamination, 12/2013
RMC Consultants
N/A
See Appendix A for SOP
SOP-10
Investigation Derived Waste
Management, 12/2013
RMC Consultants
N/A
See Appendix A for SOP
SOP-11
Sample Handling, Documentation, and
Tracking, 12/2013
RMC Consultants
N/A
See Appendix A for SOP
SOP-13
Instrument Calibration and
Maintenance, 12/2013
RMC Consultants
N/A
See Appendix A for SOP
SOP-14
ACM and LBP Testing, 12/2013
RMC Consultants
Sampling tool
See Appendix A for SOP
Page 48
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Worksheet #22 Field Equipment Calibration, Maintenance, Testing, and Inspection Table
Field
Equipment
Calibration
Activity
Maintenance
Activity
Calibrate with 2
standards. - 0
and 20 NTU for
HF SCIENTIFIC drinking water
like samples or
MICRO TPW
As required
4 standards (0,
Turbidity Meter 20, 100, 800
NTU) if higher
sample values
are expected
Testing
Activity
Visual
inspection
Inspection
Activity
Frequency
Daily, before
use
Acceptance
Responsible
SOP
Corrective Action
2
Criteria
Person
Reference1
±0.1 NTU
between each
sample cell
No error codes
displayed
during
calibration
If turbidity reading
exceeds criterion,
then prepare new
calibration standards
Sampling
or clean and re-oil
Team Leader
sealed vial
standards, clean
meter, or service as
necessary
SOP-13
± 0.2 mg/L for
0.0 mg/L DO
std.
If DO reading
exceeds criterion,
then prepare new
0.0 mg/L std., clean
Sampling
probe and/or change
Team Leader
membrane.
Recalibrate or
service as
necessary.
SOP-13
If probe reading fails
to stabilize, do not
use. Check/replace Sampling
Team Leader
membrane and
recalibrate or service
as necessary.
SOP-13
Calibrate with 2
YSI PRO PLUS standards. - %
Saturated DO
Dissolved
Oxygen Probe std. and 0.0
mg/L DO std.
Daily, before
use
Calibrate probe
with 2
temperatures.
YSI PRO PLUS equilibrated
standards. to
pH Probe
bracket
expected pH
values
2 standards
provide stable
Daily before use readings ±0.1
pH unit within 3
min.
Page 49
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Field
Equipment
Calibration
Activity
Maintenance
Activity
Testing
Activity
Check
mechanical and
electronic parts,
verify system
continuity, check
battery, and clean
probe
YSI PRO PLUS
pH Probe
YSI PRO PLUS
pH Probe
Visual
inspection
Check battery,
and change
probe filter if
needed
Acceptance
Responsible
SOP
Corrective Action
Criteria
Person2
Reference1
Clean probe, and/or
replace membrane,
Sampling
and/or replace or
Team Leader
service other
defective parts.
SOP-13
No defective
parts noted
Clean probe, and/or
replace membrane,
Sampling
and/or replace or
Team Leader
service other
defective parts.
SOP-13
± 1 mS/cm of
std.
If conductance
reading exceeds
criterion, then clean Sample Team
probe or service as Leader
necessary and
recalibrate.
SOP-13
± 0.15°C of
Daily before use NIST certified
thermometer
If temperature
sensor reading
Sample Team
exceeds criterion,
service or replace as Leader
necessary and
recalibrate.
SOP-13
0.0 ppm for
fresh air, within
Daily before use
5% of 100 ppm
isobutylene gas
Clean the sensor,
lamp, and lamp
housing or replace
lamp.
SOP-13
Daily before use
Daily before use
Calibrate
YSI PRO PLUS against NIST
traceable
Temperature
certified
Sensor
thermometer
Calibrate with
fresh air and
100 ppm
isobutylene gas
Frequency
Daily before use
Stable after 3
and when
min.
unstable
readings occur
YSI PRO PLUS Calibrate
electrode with 1
Conductivity
std.
Probe
MiniRAE 2000
PID
Inspection
Activity
Perform bump
test
Sample Team
Leader
1Specify
2The
the appropriate reference letter or number from the Project Sampling SOP Reference table (Worksheet #21)
RMC Project Manager will be responsible for the procurement of equipment and supplies.
Page 50
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Worksheet #23 Analytical SOP References Table
Reference
Number
Title, Revision Date, and/or
Number
Definitive or
Analytical Group
Screening Data
Instrument
Organization
Modified for Project
Performing Analysis
Work?
SOP-13
Instrument Calibration and
Maintenance
Instrument Calibration and
Maintenance
Instrument Calibration and
Maintenance
Instrument Calibration and
Maintenance
SOP-13
Instrument Calibration and
Maintenance
SOP-13
Instrument Calibration and
Maintenance
Screening Data
Turbidity
HF
SCIENTIFIC
MICRO TPW
SOP-13
Instrument Calibration and
Maintenance
Screening Data
PID
MineRAE 2000
RMC Consultants
PID
LP002B
Determination of Volatile
Organics by GC/MS –Method
SW846 8260C/5030A, Revised
01/07/2012
Definitive
VOC
GC/MS
Origins
Laboratory-Denver
Determination of Semi-Violatile
GL-OA-E-01 &
Organics by GC/MS - Method
GL-OA-E-009
SW846 8270D/3541C
Definitive
SVOC
GC/MS
Origins
Laboratory-Denver
SOP-13
SOP-13
SOP-13
Screening Data
Dissolved oxygen YSI PRO PLUS RMC Consultants
Screening Data
pH
YSI PRO PLUS RMC Consultants
Screening Data
Temperature
YSI PRO PLUS RMC Consultants
Screening Data
Specific
conductance
YSI PRO PLUS RMC Consultants
Screening Data
Oxidation
Reduction
Potential
YSI PRO PLUS RMC Consultants
RMC Consultants
Page 51
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Reference
Number
Title, Revision Date, and/or
Number
Determination of Semi-Violatile
GL-OA-E-66 &
Organics by GC/MS - Method
GL-OA-E-009
SW846 8270D/3510C
Definitive or
Analytical Group
Screening Data
Instrument
Organization
Modified for Project
Performing Analysis
Work?
SVOC
GC/MS
Origins
Laboratory-Denver
TPH
GC/FID
Origins
Laboratory-Denver
GL-MA-E-006, Determination of RCRA Metals GL-MA-E-013, Method SW846
Definitive
6010C/7470A/3005A
GL-MA-E-010
Metals
ICP
Origins
Laboratory-Denver
GL-MA-E-009, Determination of RCRA Metals GL-MA-E-013, Method SW846
Definitive
GL-MA-E-010 6010C/7471B/3050B
Metals
ICP
Origins
Laboratory-Denver
LP002B
Definitive
Determination of TPH by GC/FID
- Method SW846 8015C, Revised Definitive
01/07/2012
Page 52
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Worksheet #24 Analytical Instrument Calibration Table
Instrument
Calibration
Procedure
Frequency of
Calibration
GC/MS
Tuning
Prior to ICAL and
the beginning of
each 12 hour
period
GC/MS
Initial Calibration
(ICAL)
Initial calibration
prior to sample
analysis
Acceptance Criteria
Refer to the analytical
method for specific ion
criteria
1. Average response
factor (RF) for
SPCCs: VOCs  0.30
for chlorobenzene
and
1,1,2,2-tetrachloroeth
ane, and  0.1 for
chloromethane,
bromoform, and
1,1-dichloroethene.
2. RSD for RFs for
CCCs: VOCs  30%
and one option below:
a. Option 1:
linear-mean
RSD for all
analytes
 15%
b. Option 2:
linear least
squares
regression
Corrective Action (CA)
Retune instrument and
verify
Rerun affected samples
Person
Responsible for
CA
SOP Reference
Lab Manager/
Analyst
DV-MS-0010
DOD QSM
Locate the source of the
Lab Manager/
problem
Analyst
If expected RFs are not
met, check for standard
degradation or perform
instrument adjustment
and/or maintenance to
correct the problem then
repeat initial calibration
If SPCC is non-compliant,
it could be a result of
standard degradation or
active presence to active
sites in the system
Correct the problem and
repeat calibration
If CCC is non-compliant, it
could be a result of system
leaks, or reactive column
sites or standard
degradation
DV-MS-0010
DOD QSM
Page 53
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Instrument
Calibration
Procedure
Frequency of
Calibration
Acceptance Criteria
r  0.995
when RSD
>15%
c. Option 3:
non-linear
regression –
coefficient of
determinatio
n r2  0.99 (6
points will be
used for
second order,
7 points shall
be used for
third order)
Corrective Action (CA)
Person
Responsible for
CA
SOP Reference
Correct the problem and
recalibrate
If RSD is non-compliant,
check for outlier and repeat
that ICAL point; otherwise
perform instrument
troubleshooting and repeat
calibration
Page 54
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Instrument
GC/MS
Calibration
Procedure
Frequency of
Calibration
Second source
calibration
verification
(ICV)
Once after each
initial calibration
Acceptance Criteria
Value of second source for
all project analytes within
±20% of expected value
(initial source)
Corrective Action (CA)
Person
Responsible for
CA
Lab Manager/
Prepare fresh standard
Analyst
and reanalyze second
source to rule out standard
degradation or inaccurate
injection
If problem persists,
perform instrument
adjustment and/or
maintenance, and rerun
initial calibration and
second source verification
standard
If problem continues, new
standards may need to be
purchased, prepared, and
analyzed
SOP Reference
DV-MS-0010
DOD QSM
Page 55
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Person
Responsible for
CA
Calibration
Procedure
Frequency of
Calibration
GC/MS
Calibration
Verification (CV)
Daily, before
sample analysis,
and every 12
hours of analysis
time
1. Average RF for SPCCs:
VOCs  0.30 for
chlorobenzene and
1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethan
e, and  0.1 for
chloromethane,
bromoform, and
1,1-dichloroethene
2. %Difference/Drift for
CCCs and target
compounds  20%D
(Note: D = difference
when using RFs or drift
when using least
squares regression or
non-linear calibration)
If SPCC is non-compliant, Lab Manager/
Analyst
it could be a result of
standard degradation or
active presence to active
sites in the system
Correct the problem and
repeat calibration
If CCC is non-compliant, it
could be a result of system
leaks, or reactive column
sites or standard
degradation
Correct the problem and
recalibrate
DV-MS-0010
DOD QSM
GC/MS
Retention time
(RT) window
width calculated
for each analyte
and surrogate
At method set-up
and after major
maintenance
(e.g., column
change)
RT width is ± 3 times
standard deviation for each
analyte RT from a 72-hour
study
None
DV-MS-0010
DOD QSM
Instrument
Acceptance Criteria
Corrective Action (CA)
Lab Manager/
Analyst
SOP Reference
Page 56
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Instrument
GC/MS
Calibration
Procedure
Retention time
window position
establishment for
each analyte and
surrogate
Frequency of
Calibration
Once per ICAL
and at the
beginning of the
analytical shift
Acceptance Criteria
Position shall be set using
the midpoint standard of the
ICAL curve when ICAL is
performed
On days when ICAL is not
performed, the initial CCV is
used
Corrective Action (CA)
None
Person
Responsible for
CA
Lab Manager/
Analyst
SOP Reference
DV-MS-0010
DOD QSM
Page 57
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Worksheet #25 Analytical Instrument and Equipment Maintenance, Testing, and Inspection Table
Instrument/
Equipment
GC/MS
1The
Maintenance Activity
Clean sources, maintain
vacuum pumps
Testing
Activity
Tuning
Inspection
Activity
Frequency
Acceptance
Criteria
Service
vacuum
Instrument
pumps twice Tune and
performance
per year,
CCV pass
and
other
criteria
sensitivity
maintenance
as needed
Corrective Action
Recalibrate
instrument
Responsible
Person1
Laboratory
Chemist
SOP
Reference
DV-MS-0010
Laboratory Project Manager will be responsible for the procurement of equipment and supplies.
Page 58
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Worksheet #26 Sample Handling System
SAMPLE COLLECTION, PACKAGING, AND SHIPMENT
Sample Collection: Sample Team Leader/ RMC Consultants
Sample Packaging: Sample Team Leader/ RMC Consultants
Coordination of Shipment: Sample Team Leader/ RMC Consultants
Type of Shipment/Carrier: Hand delivery by RMC Consultants or Overnight Carrier/FedEx, UPS, etc.
SAMPLE RECEIPT AND ANALYSIS
Sample Receipt: Sample Custodian /Origins Laboratory
Sample Custody and Storage: Sample Custodian/ Origins Laboratory
Sample Preparation: Lab Analyst/ Origins Laboratory
Sample Determinative Analysis: Lab Analyst/ Origins Laboratory
SAMPLE ARCHIVING
Field Sample Storage: There will be no onsite storage of samples. Samples will be hand delivered to the laboratory.
Sample Extract/Digestate Storage (No. of days from extraction/digestion): Extracts/Digestates will be analyzed as soon as possible, and held until the
project is invoiced.
Biological Sample Storage: Not applicable because no biological samples will be collected.
SAMPLE DISPOSAL
Personnel/Organization: Sample Custodian/Origins Laboratory
Number of Days from Analysis: Origins Laboratory will dispose of samples, sample extracts and digestates 30 days after project invoice.
Page 59
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Worksheet #27 Sample Custody Requirements
Field Sample Custody Procedures: See Worksheet #21
Laboratory Sample Custody Procedures (receipt of samples, archiving, and disposal): Maintained in the Laboratory QA Manual
Sample Identification Procedures: Will be provided in the site-specific FSP
Chain-of-custody Procedures: See Worksheet #21
Page 60
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Worksheet #28 QC Samples Table
Matrix: Water and Soil
Analytical Group/Concentration Level: Organics and Inorganics/Low
Analytical Method: All
QC
Sample/QC
Minimum
Acceptance
Check
Frequency
Criteria1
Corrective Action
Field Duplicate
1 per 10 field
samples per media
%RPD ≤ 30%
Examine the
project-specific DQOs.
Matrix Spike
(MS)
1 per 20 field
samples per media
LCS criteria cited in
Examine the
DOD QSM v4.2 Tables project-specific DQOs.
G-4 through G-10,
G-18 and G-19
Matrix Spike
Duplicate
(MSD)
1 per 20 field
samples per matrix
LCS criteria cited in
Examine the
DOD QSM v4.2 Tables project-specific DQOs.
G-4 through G-10,
G-18 and G-19
%RPD ≤ 30%
Flagging Criteria
For the specific
analyte(s) in the parent
sample, apply J-flag if
acceptance criteria are
not met.
For the specific
analyte(s) in the parent
sample, apply J-flag if
acceptance criteria are
not met.
For the specific
analyte(s) in the parent
sample, apply J-flag if
acceptance criteria are
not met.
Comments
The data shall be
evaluated to determine
the source of difference.
For matrix evaluation
only.
If MS results are outside
the LCS limits, the data
shall be evaluated to
determine the source of
difference and to
determine if there is a
matrix effect or analytical
error.
For matrix evaluation
only.
If MS results are outside
the LCS limits, the data
shall be evaluated to
determine the source of
difference and to
determine if there is a
matrix effect or analytical
error.
Page 61
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Matrix: Water and Soil
Analytical Group/Concentration Level: Organics and Inorganics/Low
Analytical Method: All
QC
Sample/QC
Minimum
Acceptance
Check
Frequency
Criteria1
Corrective Action
Surrogate
Spike
All field and QC
samples.
Laboratory
Control
Sample (LCS)
containing all
analytes to be
reported,
including
surrogates
One per preparatory
batch.
Laboratory
Method blank
One per preparatory
batch
QC acceptance criteria
cited in DOD QSM v4.2
Table G-3. Otherwise,
use in-house control
limits.
For QC and field
samples, correct problem
then reprep and
reanalyze all failed
samples for failed
surrogates in the
associated preparatory
batch, if sufficient sample
material is available.
If obvious
chromatographic
interference with
surrogate is present,
reanalysis may not be
necessary.
LCS criteria cited in
Correct problem, then
DOD QSM v4.2 Tables reprep and reanalyze the
G-4 through G-10,
LCS and all samples in
G-18 and G-19
the associated
preparatory batch for
failed analytes, if
sufficient sample material
is available.
No analytes detected > Correct problem. If
½ RL and > 1/10 the
required, reprep and
amount measured in
reanalyze method blank
Flagging Criteria
Comments
Apply J-flag to all
associated analytes if
acceptance criteria are
not met.
Alternative surrogates are
recommended when
there is obvious
chromatographic
interference.
If reanalysis cannot be
performed, data must
be qualified and
explained in the case
narrative. Apply J-flag
to specific analyte(s) in
all samples in the
associated preparatory
batch.
If reanalysis cannot be
performed, data must
be qualified and
Problem must be
corrected.
Results may not be
reported without a valid
LCS.
Flagging is only
appropriate in cases
where the samples
cannot be reanalyzed.
Problem must be
corrected.
Results may not be
Page 62
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Matrix: Water and Soil
Analytical Group/Concentration Level: Organics and Inorganics/Low
Analytical Method: All
QC
Sample/QC
Minimum
Acceptance
Check
Frequency
Criteria1
Corrective Action
Results
reported
between DL
and LOQ
Not applicable
any sample or 1/10 the
regulatory limit
(whichever is greater).
Blank result must not
otherwise affect
sample results.
and all samples
processed with the
contaminated blank.
Not applicable
Not applicable
Flagging Criteria
explained in the case
narrative. Apply B-flag
to all results for the
specific analyte(s) in all
samples in the
associated preparatory
batch.
Apply J-flag to all
results between MDL
and RL
Comments
reported without a valid
method blank.
Flagging is only
appropriate in cases
where the samples
cannot be reanalyzed.
Results reported between
DL and LOQ.
1QC
acceptance criteria from the Department of Defense (DoD) Quality Systems Manual (QSM) for Environmental Laboratories Version 4.2, 10/25/2010
http://www.denix.osd.mil/edqw/) as noted in Worksheets where applicable. The DoD QSM was developed to provide baseline requirements for the establishment
and management of quality systems for environmental testing laboratories performing services for the DoD; it is based on the National Environmental Laboratory
Accreditation Conference (NELAC) Chapter 5 Quality Systems standard (July 1999). Although none of the Phase II properties are DoD sites, RMC intends to use
the DoD QSM for guidance since the manual contains the minimum requirements essential to ensuring the generation of definitive environmental data of known
quality, appropriate for their intended uses, and the requirements apply to all environmental laboratories regardless of size or complexity. The DoD QSM is
referenced throughout this QAPP, as it pertains to QA/QC criteria.
Page 63
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Worksheet #29 Project Documents and Records Table
Sample Collection Documents and
Records
On-site Analysis Documents
and Records
Off-site Analysis Documents and Records
Data Assessment
Documents and Records
Field Notes
Sample Receipt, Custody, and
Field Sampling Audit
Sample Receipt, Custody, and Tracking Records
Tracking Records
Checklists
Chain-of-Custody Records
Standards Traceability Logs
Standard Traceability Logs
Field Analysis Audit
Checklists
Air Bills
Equipment Calibration Logs
Equipment Calibration Logs
Data Validation Reports
Custody Seals
Sample Preparation Logs
Sample Preparation Logs
Corrective Action Forms
Telephone Logs
Run Logs
Run Logs
Telephone Logs
Corrective Action Forms
Equipment Maintenance,
Testing, and Inspection Logs
Equipment Maintenance, Testing, and
Inspection Logs
Data Quality Assessment
Corrective Action Forms
Corrective Action Forms
Data Usability Assessment
Reported Field Sample Results Reported Field Sample Results
Sample Disposal Records
Reported Results for Standards, Quality Control
Checks, and Quality Control Samples
Telephone Logs
Instrument Printouts (raw data) for Field
Samples, Standards, Quality Control Checks,
and Quality Control Samples
Final Project Report
Data Package Completeness Checklists
Sample Disposal Records
Telephone Logs
Extraction/Clean-up Records
Raw Data (stored on disk or CD-R)
Page 64
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Worksheet #30 Analytical Services Table
Matrix
Analytical
Group
Concentration Sample Location/
Level
ID Numbers
Analytical SOP
Data Package
Turnaround Time
Laboratory /
Organization
Backup
Laboratory/
Organization
Groundwater Water
Quality
Screening
Low
To be determined. See Worksheet
#23
Included in draft and
final report
RMC Consultants
NA
Groundwater All analyses
Low
To be determined
See Worksheet
#23
15 Business days of
sample receipt
Origins
Laboaratory-Denver
NA
Soil
Low
To be determined
See Worksheet
#23
10 Business days of
sample receipt
Origins Laboaratory
-Denver
NA
All analyses
Page 65
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Worksheet #31 Planned Project Assessments Table
Assessment
Type
Frequency
Field Sampling One at
Technical
sampling
Systems Audit startup
Internal Organization Person(s) Responsible Person(s) Responsible
or
Performing
for Performing
for Responding to
External Assessment
Assessment
Assessment Findings
Internal
RMC
Consultants
Claude Murray
Field Operations
Manager RMC
Consultants
Person(s)
Responsible for
Identifying and
Implementing CA
Jennifer Hussey
Jennifer Hussey
Sampling Team Leader Sampling Team
RMC Consultants
Leader RMC
Consultants
Person(s)
Responsible for
Monitoring
Effectiveness of
CA
Claude Murray
Field Operations
Manager
RMC Consultants
Offsite
Origins Laboaratory -Denver is audited periodically as part of accreditation with the National Environmental Laboratory Accreditation Program
Laboratory
(NELAP).
Technical
Systems Audit
Page 66
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Worksheet #32 Assessment Findings and Corrective Action Responses
Assessment
Type
Nature of
Deficiencies
Documentation
Field
Sampling
Technical
Systems
Audit
Written audit report
Offsite
Laboratory
Technical
Systems
Audit
See Worksheet #31
Individual(s)
Notified of Findings
Joseph
Mastromarchi
QA Manager
RMC Consultants
Timeframe of
Notification
Nature of
Corrective Action
Response
Documentation
3 Business days after Written response
audit
Individual(s)
Receiving Corrective
Action Response
Claude Murray, Field
Operations Manager
RMC Consultants
Timeframe for
Response
5 Business days
after receipt of
written report
Joseph Mastromarchi
QA Manager
RMC Consultants
See Worksheet #31
See Worksheet #31
See Worksheet #31
See Worksheet #31
See Worksheet
#31
Page 67
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Worksheet #33 QA Management Reports Table
Type of Report
Frequency
Projected
Delivery Date(s)
Person(s) Responsible for
Report Preparation
Report Recipient(s)
Field Sampling
One at startup of sampling each site Any deviations
Claude Murray
Technical Systems
from the QAPP or Field Operations Manager
Audit Report
FSP will be
RMC Consultants
addressed in the
final Phase II
report
Joseph Mastromarchi
QA Manager
RMC Consultants
Offsite Laboratory Not Applicable
Technical Systems
Audit Report
Not Applicable
Data Usability
One per site
Assessment Report
Not Applicable
Not Applicable
After all data are Joseph Mastromarchi
generated and
QA Manager
validated
RMC Consultants
David Groy
Project Manager
RMC Consultants
David Groy
Project Manager
RMC Consultants
Page 68
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Worksheet #34 Verification (Step I) Process Table
Verification Input
Description
Internal/ External
Internal
Responsible for
Verification
Chain-of-custody and
shipping forms
Chain-of-custody forms and shipping documentation will be
reviewed internally upon their completion and verified against the
packed sample coolers they represent. One copy of the
chain-of-custody will be retained in the project file, and the original
and remaining copies taped inside the cooler for shipment. See
SOP-11 Sample Handling, Documentation, and Tracking in
Appendix A for further details.
Claude Murray
Field Operations Manager
RMC Consultants
Audit Reports
Upon report completion, a copy of all audit reports will be placed in Internal
the project file. If corrective actions are required, a copy of the
documented corrective action taken will be attached to the
appropriate audit report in the site file.
Joseph Mastromarchi
QA Manager
RMC Consultants
Field Notes
Field notes will be reviewed internally and placed in the project file. A Internal
copy of the field notes will be included with the final report.
Claude Murray Field
Operations Manager
RMC Consultants
Laboratory Data
All laboratory data packages will be verified internally by the
laboratory performing the work for completeness and technical
accuracy prior to submittal.
Internal
Noelle Doyle Mathis
Laboratory Project Manager
Origins Laboratory
Laboratory Data
Data will be provided by the laboratory in a Staged Electronic Data
Deliverable (SEDD) 2A format. The SEDD electronic data will be
verified against the analytical method criteria and requirements
contained in the DoD QSM Version 4.2.
Internal
Joseph Mastromarchi
QA Manager
RMC Consultants
Page 69
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Worksheet #35 Validation (Steps IIa and IIb) Process Table
Step IIA/IIB
Validation Input
Description
Responsible for Validation
IIA/IIB
Onsite analytical work
All onsite analytical data will be reviewed against QAPP
Claude Murray
requirements for completeness and accuracy based on the field Field Operations Manager
calibration records.
RMC Consultants
IIA/IIB
SOPs
Ensure that all sampling SOPs were followed.
Claude Murray
Field Operations Manager
RMC Consultants
Ensure that all analytical SOPs were followed
Joseph Mastromarchi
QA Manager
RMC Consultants
Establish that all method required QC samples were run and
met required limits.
Joseph Mastromarchi
QA Manager
RMC Consultants
IIA/IIB
Documentation of Method
QC Results
IIA/IIB
Documentation of QAPP QC Establish that all QAPP required QC samples were run and met Joseph Mastromarchi
Sample Results
required limits.
QA Manager
RMC Consultants
IIA/IIB
Project Reporting Limit
All sample results met the project detection limits specified in
the QAPP.
IIA/IIB
Raw data
Data will be provided by the laboratory as a complete report and raw Joseph Mastromarchi
data package. A data review will be completed to ensure that project QA Manager
data quality objectives were satisfied and to evaluate data usability.
RMC Consultants
Joseph Mastromarchi
QA Manager
RMC Consultants
Page 70
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Worksheet #36 Validation (Steps IIa and IIb) Summary Table
Step IIA/IIB
Matrix
Analytical
Group
Concentration Level
Validation Criteria
Data Validator
IIA/IIB
Groundwater
VOC, BTEX Low
& MTBE,
SVOC, TPH,
RCRA Metals
SW-846 Methods 8260C,
8270D, 8015C, 6010C
DoD QSM
QAPP Worksheet #28
Joseph Mastromarchi
QAManager
RMC Consultants
IIA/IIB
Soil
VOC, BTEX Low
& MTBE,
SVOC, TPH,
RCRA Metals
SW-846 Methods 8260C,
8270D, 8015C, 6010C
DoD QSM
QAPP Worksheet #28
Joseph Mastromarchi
QAManager
RMC Consultants
Page 71
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Worksheet #37 Usability Assessment
The Data Usability Assessment will be performed by the QA Manager/Project Chemist. The results of the Data Usability Assessment will be
presented in the final project report. The following items will be assessed and conclusions drawn on their results:
Precision - Results of field QC sample duplicates. For each field sample duplicate and matrix spike sample duplicate, the relative percent difference (RPD) will be
calculated for each analyte (for the field sample duplicate pair, the parent and duplicate values must both be greater than or equal to the LOQ to calculate an RPD).
The RPDs will be checked against the measurement performance criteria presented on Worksheet #12. Conclusions about the precision of the field QC sample
results will be drawn and any limitations on the use of the data will be described.
Accuracy - Results of laboratory control samples (LCS) and surrogate standards. For each LCS and surrogate standard, the percent (%) recovery will be checked
against the measurement performance criteria presented on Worksheet #12. Conclusions about the accuracy of the analyses based on the LCS and surrogate
standard results will be drawn and any limitations on the use of the data will be described.
Bias - Results of laboratory method blanks and matrix spike samples. For each method blank the detected analyte concentration, and for each matrix spike the %
recovery, will be compared to the requirements listed on Worksheet #12. Conclusions about the bias of the analyses based on the method blank and matrix spike
results will be drawn and any limitations on the use of the data will be described.
Sensitivity – Listed LODs and LOQs. The reported detection limits for each analyte will be checked against the detection limit criteria presented in Worksheet #15.
Conclusions about the sensitivity of the analyses will be drawn and any limitations on the use of the data will be described.
Representativeness - Representativeness during field collection and during laboratory analysis. For field sample collection to be representative, the work plan
should be followed, and proper sampling techniques and sample handling procedures should be used. For laboratory analysis to be representative, the project
samples will be prepared and analyzed together if possible. Documentation will establish sample identification and integrity, and that proper procedures and
protocols have been followed in the field and laboratory. Conclusions about representativeness will be drawn and any limitations on the use of the data will be
described.
Comparability - Results of this study will be used for determining comparability for data collected during previous and future sampling events using the same or
similar sampling and analytical SOPs. Conclusions about comparability will be drawn and any limitations on the use of the data will be described.
Completeness - Completeness will be calculated based on the number of field samples expected to be collected and analyzed. Completeness criteria are
presented on Worksheet #12. For each analyte, completeness will be calculated as a percentage of the number of valid (i.e., not rejected to quality considerations)
results divided by the total number of expected results. Conclusions about data completeness will be drawn and any limitations on the use of the data will be
described.
Page 72
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
FIGURES
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
APPENDIX A
STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Wheat Ridge, Colorado
Standard Operating Procedures
SOP #1
Field Headspace Screening, December 2013
SOP #2
Surface Soil Sampling, December 2013
SOP #3
Direct-Push Advancement and Sampling, December 2013
SOP #4
Hollow-Stem Auger Drilling and Sampling, December 2013
SOP #5
Borehole Logging and Lithologic Description, December 2013
SOP #6
Temporary Monitoring Well Installation, December 2013
SOP #7
Monitoring Well Development, December 2013
SOP #8
Groundwater Sample Collection, December 2013
SOP #9
Equipment Decontamination, December 2013
SOP #10
Investigation Derived Waste Management, December 2013
SOP #11
Sample Handling, Documentation, And Tracking Procedures, December 2013
SOP #12
Field Documentation, December 2013
SOP #13
Instrument Calibration and Maintenance, December 2013
SOP #14
ACM and LBP Testing, December 2013
SOP #15
Borehole Abandonment, December 2013
Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Appendix A - Standard Operating Procedures
STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE #1
FIELD HEADSPACE SCREENING
SOP Preparation/Revision Date: December 2013
Equipment/Material Needs
Photoionization Detector (PID)
ZiplockTM bag
Field logbook
Soil will be screened from each five-foot sample interval using an 11.7 electron volt PID meter to determine
the relative presence of organic compounds and identify locations which may warrant the collection of soil
samples. Headspace screening measurements will be recorded in the field in accordance with the
following protocol:
1. A representative portion of soil collected from each sample will be placed in a clean ZiplockTM bag
and sealed air tight.
2. The ZiplockTM bag containing the soil will be agitated for at least fifteen seconds and then allowed
to volatilize in direct sunlight for a minimum of five minutes.
3. The bag will then be shaken and the vapor sampling probe of the PID will be used to puncture the
bag to measure the volatile vapor headspace. The maximum meter response (within the first 2 to 5
seconds) will be recorded.
The headspace screening measurements will be recorded on the appropriate field documentation forms
(e.g., boring logs and/or field notebooks).
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Appendix A - Standard Operating Procedures
STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE #2
SURFACE SOIL SAMPLING
SOP Preparation/Revision Date: December 2013
Equipment/Material Needs
Laboratory-supplied sample containers
Personal protective equipment (PPE)
Field logbook
Stainless steel scoop or spoon and mixing bowl
Sample collection supplies (e.g., waterproof markers, sample labels, cooler for sample storage, trash
bags)
Decontamination equipment and supplies (e.g., high pressure sprayer/washer, wash/rinse tubs,
brushes, Alconox, plastic sheeting, paper towels, sponges, garden-type water sprayers, large plastic
bags, potable water, distilled water and/or deionized water
Surveying stakes or flags for marking sampling locations
Surface soil samples will be collected as follows:
1. All debris and plant material shall be scraped from the surface soil sample location prior to collection.
2. The surface soil sample will be collected with a decontaminated stainless steel trowel or spoon from 0
to 0.5 feet bgs. A stainless steel pick may be used as needed to loosen the soil. To the extent possible,
eliminate gravel size or larger particles or debris based on visual observation. Be sure to collect
sufficient sample volume to meet analytical requirements.
3. Samples designated for VOC, SVOC, BTEX, and GRO analysis will be placed directly in sample
containers without being homogenized to avoid potential volatilization of target chemicals. Immediately
fill the sample containers fully to eliminate head space. Tightly seal the containers with the appropriate
lids.
4. The soil samples designated for DRO and RCRA metals will be composited in a stainless-steel bowl. To
homogenize, divide the sample into four quarters and mix each quarter, then combine the four quarters
and mix the entire sample. Then place samples in appropriate labeled sample containers and immediately
place on ice and cool to approximately 4 C.
5. Decontaminate the sampling equipment in accordance with SOP No. 9, Equipment Decontamination.
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Appendix A - Standard Operating Procedures
STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE #3
DIRECT-PUSH ADVANCEMENT AND SAMPLING
SOP Preparation/Revision Date: December 2013
Equipment Needs
Geoprobe and equipment
Sampling equipment
Tape measure
Pocket knife
Hand lens
Camera
Field forms
Field logbook
Prior to direct-push activities, RMC personnel will ensure all utilities in the area have been suitably located.
Soil borings will be advanced using a truck-mounted GeoProbe® operated by Remington Technologies,
LLC based in Loveland, Colorado. All borings will be advanced to a maximum depth of 25 feet below
ground surface (bgs), or until groundwater or refusal is encountered.
Soil borings will be advanced using direct-push continuous sampling techniques with 2.25-inch clear
sampling tubes/sleeves. Soil borings will be continuously logged using the Unified Soil Classification
System (USCS) for unconsolidated materials (see SOP #5). One soil sample will be collected from each
borehole at locations targeting potential areas of concern identified in the Phase I ESA. Soil samples will
be field screened for VOCs using a MiniRae 2000 photo ionization detector (PID) or equivalent (see SOP
#1 for details). All drilling equipment used to advance soil borings will be steam-cleaned before use at each
borehole. All soil generated during direct push activities will be containerized pending receipt of analytical
results and handled according to the practices described in SOP#10, IDW Management.
RMC personnel will provide on-site support for direct-push activities. This support will consist of the
following:
 Supervision and coordination of the drilling operation.
 Completion of the soil boring log, making lithologic interpretations, observed colors/odors, and any
other information that is relevant to investigative activities.
 Physical collection of the soil samples to be taken.
RMC personnel on site will include, at a minimum, a qualified geologist. RMC personnel will be 40-Hour/8Hour OSHA trained and will participate in the company's medical monitoring program.
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Appendix A - Standard Operating Procedures
STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE #4
HOLLOW-STEM AUGER DRILLING AND SAMPLING
SOP Preparation/Revision Date: December 2013
Equipment/Material Needs
Hollow-stem auger drill rig with appropriately sized augers and drill rods
Sampling equipment for hollow-stem auger rig (e.g., stainless steel split spoon sampler, liners, plastic
end caps, teflon sheeting and tape)
Stainless steel scoop or spoon, knife, and mixing bowl
Sample collection supplies (e.g., waterproof markers, sample labels, cooler for sample storage, trash
bags)
Tape measure
Hand lens
Camera
Boring log forms
Field logbook
Appropriate field monitoring instruments and personal protective equipment (PPE) as outlined in the
HSP
Drums or other approved containers for containing soil and water
Decontamination equipment and supplies (e.g., high pressure sprayer/washer, wash/rinse tubs,
brushes, Alconox, plastic sheeting, paper towels, sponges, garden-type water sprayers, large plastic
bags, potable water, distilled water and/or deionized water, decon pad construction materials)
Surveying stakes or flags for marking sampling locations
This Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) provides technical guidance and methods that will be used to
conduct drilling and sampling of unconsolidated material from hollow-stem auger borings at the Wheat
Ridge Brownfields Phase II sites.
Before drilling, borings will have been located, numbered, and identified using stakes or paint sticks on
paved surfaces. RMC personnel will ensure all utilities in the area have been suitably located. Soil borings
intended for monitoring well installation will be drilled using hollow-stem augers methods by Remington
Technologies, LLC based in Loveland, Colorado. All drilling and sampling equipment will be steamcleaned before use at each borehole and decontaminated in accordance with SOP No. 9, Equipment
Decontamination.
Soil samples will be obtained either with standard split spoon drive samplers, or with a continuous core
barrel. Either method will allow for collection of soil samples over continuous intervals or at discrete depths
or depth intervals. Drive sampling will normally obtain a 12- to 18-inch-long sample depending on the
length of the sampler. Drive sampling involves advancing the augers to the top of the desired sample
interval depth, breaking the augers, and then inserting a split spoon sampling device. The split spoon is
then driven through the sample interval using a rig-mounted hammer. The number of blows necessary to
drive the split spoon for each 6-inch interval is recorded. Following this, the sampler is removed from the
boring and opened at the surface to obtain the sample. The augers are then reattached and advanced to
the top of the next sample interval. For continuous sampling, this method can be time consuming because
it requires frequent breaking of the augers and trips in and out of the borehole with the sampler.
A continuous coring barrel can obtain up to 5-foot-long cores while the augers are advancing. The
continuous coring method advances a split barrel that is contained within the lead auger. The augers rotate
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Appendix A - Standard Operating Procedures
around the sampler and cut while the sample barrel is prevented from rotating. Continuous core samples
are collected in the barrel. At the end of each 5-foot run, the core barrel is removed and opened at the
surface to obtain the sample.
Boreholes advanced through the unconsolidated materials at the Phase II sites will be continuously
sampled/logged for lithologic characterization purposes unless otherwise specified in the FSP. Liners in
the split spoon or core barrel may be required by the FSP for chemical testing purposes. The samplers will
also be decontaminates between sample collection intervals. Once the sampler is brought to the surface
and opened, the entire length of the sample will be screened for the presence of VOCs using a
photoionization detector (PID) or flame ionization detector (FID). One sample will be collected from each
boring for analysis based on the highest PID/FID readings or other indications of potential contamination
(e.g., odors or staining). Soil samples for VOC, SVOC, and GRO analyses should be collected immediately
upon sample retrieval without being homogenized to avoid potential volatilization of target chemicals.
Samples collected for the remaining analytical parameters will be composited in a stainless-steel bowl,
placed in appropriate labeled sample containers, and immediately placed on ice and cooled to
approximately 4 C. Samples not retained for chemical analysis will be discarded with the borehole
cuttings and containerized pending receipt of analytical results and handled according to the practices
described in SOP #10, IDW Management.
A "rig geologist" (qualified geologist, hydrogeologist, engineer, or technician) experienced in borehole
drilling and soil sampling will be present at each operating drill rig during drilling and sampling operations.
This rig geologist will be responsible for documenting drilling operations, health and safety monitoring,
decontamination procedures, IDW handling, sample collection, and preparing detailed boring logs. All
activities and information associated with borehole drilling and sampling will be recorded on boring logs, in
designated project field logbooks, and/or on approved standard forms.
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Appendix A - Standard Operating Procedures
STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE #5
BOREHOLE LOGGING and LITHOLOGIC DESCRIPTION
SOP Preparation/Revision Date: December 2013
Equipment Needs
Drill rig and equipment
Boring log forms
Waterproof pens
Tape measure
Stainless steel knife
Hand lens
Dilute Hydrochloric acid (10%)
Latex or nitrile gloves and other required PPE
Camera
Field logbook
Appropriate field monitoring instruments (e.g., photoionization detector [PID])
Reference tables listing ASTM and/or USCS codes and descriptions
Munsel color chart
This Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) provides technical guidance and methods that will be used to
log boreholes drilled in unconsolidated material during environmental investigations at the Brownfields
Phase II sites.
The boring log is the primary record of observations of physical conditions encountered during borehole
drilling. The primary purpose of the boring log is to document all pertinent information that may be
necessary for someone other than the rig geologist to understand and interpret the geologic and
hydrogeologic conditions observed during drilling. The rig geologist will be responsible for preparing
detailed, complete, and accurate boring logs, as the drilling is performed. Soil samples will be classified
according to the Unified Soil Classification System (USCS), following methods outlined in ASTM 2488
(Standard Practice for Description and Identification of Soils, Visual-Manual Procedure). The field geologist
will describe and classify soil materials based on field observations using methods discussed below and will
enter the lithologic classifications into an HTRW boring log. .
At a minimum, the following information will be documented on the boring log:










Project name
contractor name
Boring identification number
Start date and time
End date and time
Rig geologist name
Drilling subcontractor and personnel
Drill rig type
Drilling method
Bit diameter (i.e., borehole diameter)
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Appendix A - Standard Operating Procedures


















Auger external and internal diameter
Sampling method
Total depth of borehole recorded to the nearest 0.1 feet
Ground surface elevation (recorded on log following surveying)
Surveyed horizontal coordinates (recorded on log following surveying). If surveyed horizontal
coordinates are not available at the time of drilling, location sketches referencing measured
distances to prominent surface features (e.g., building corners, existing wells, fence corners) shall
be recorded in the geologist’s field log book.
Sample depths or intervals
Sample number and disposition
Blow counts
Sample recovery
USCS classification for unconsolidated materials
Rock type classification for consolidated materials
Graphic representation of material
Detailed lithologic description. For unconsolidated materials the description should address the
parameters listed in Table 1, including compaction/consistency, water content, color, texture (grain
sizes, sorting, and shapes) and plasticity, major and minor constituents (e.g., gravel, sand silt,
clay), and major mineralogy (as identifiable from the sample). For rock materials the description
should address the parameters listed in Table 2, including weathering classification, color, texture,
hardness, rock type and major mineralogy, and presence and orientation of fractures, staining, and
bedding.
Stratigraphic/lithologic changes. Where distinct lithologic changes are directly observed, they will
be identified on the boring log by a solid horizontal line. Gradational transitions and changes
identified indirectly from cuttings or methods other than direct observation and measurement will be
identified by a horizontal dashed.
Detailed description of basis for identification of top of weathered bedrock and top of unweathered
bedrock.
Depth at which water is first encountered, the depth of water at the completion of drilling, and the
static depth to water (if possible). Static water level data will include time allowed for levels to
stabilize. The absence of water in borings will also be indicated.
Borehole field meter readings (e.g., PID, FID, CGI)
Other drilling, sampling, and borehole observations as appropriate (e.g., resistant layers, odors or
other indications of potential contamination)
Parameters used in providing detailed lithologic descriptions for both unconsolidated materials and
rock materials are listed in Table 1 and 2, respectively.
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Appendix A - Standard Operating Procedures
TABLE 1
LOG DESCRIPTORS FOR UNCONSOLIDATED SOIL
Parameter
Example
Depositional environment and formation, (if named and if
known).
Alluvium; Piney Creek
Unified Soil Classification System and designation.
Clayey sand (SC), sandy clay (CL)
Secondary components and estimated quantities either by
percentages or by descriptive percentage ranges (note: terms
used to indicate ranges should be described on the log or in a
general legend).
Sand: fine, with trace of med.
Color. May use Munsel color chart.
Gray, brown, yellowish, 5YR 3/2,
5YR 4/4
Consistency (cohesive soil). Use relative term.
Very soft, soft, medium, stiff, very
stiff, hard
Density (non-cohesive soil). Use relative term.
Loose, medium, dense, very dense
Moisture content. Use relative term. Do not express as a
percentage unless a value has been measured.
Dry, damp, moist, wet, saturated
Texture/fabric/bedding
No apparent bedding, thinly bedded
Grain angularity
Rounded, subangular
Sorting (sands)
Poorly sorted, well graded
Grain or fragment size
Coarse, very fine
Mineralogical indicators
Quartz, feldspar grains
Trace gravel
Note "fill", "top of natural ground", "top of weathered
bedrock", and “top of unweathered bedrock” where
appropriate
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Appendix A - Standard Operating Procedures
TABLE 2
LOG DESCRIPTORS FOR CONSOLIDATED ROCK
Parameter
Example
Formation name (if known)
Denver Formation
Rock type
Sandstone, shale, siltstone
Modifier denoting variety
Shaly, calcareous, siliceous, argillaceous,
sandy, micaceous
Hardness
Very soft, soft, moderately hard, hard, very hard
Color
Medium brown, bluish-gray
Bedding
Parting band, thin bedded, medium bedded,
thick bedded, massive, structureless,
interbedded (Note: provide thickness range of
each in legend)
Texture
Poorly cemented, well cemented, fine, coarse
Degree of weathering
Unweathered, intensely weathered
Degree of fracturing, fracture staining or filling
Highly fractured, limonite staining in fractures,
MnO staining, calcite or zeolite fracture filling
Fracture orientation
Inclined 30º, horizontal
Structure and Orientation
Dipping beds at 10
Mineralogical indicators
Andesite, volcanic grains, mafic minerals
Moisture content
Dry, damp, moist, wet, saturated
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Appendix A - Standard Operating Procedures
STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE #6
TEMPORARY MONITORING WELL INSTALLATION
SOP Preparation/Revision Date: December 2013
Material and Equipment Needs
HAS Drill Rig
Water level indicator
Field logbook and field documentation forms
Well construction materials including:
Two-inch (I.D.), Schedule 40 flush threaded, 0.010 continuous slotted, PVC screen • Two-inch (I.D.),
Schedule 40 flush threaded PVC riser pipe
Silica sand (10-20 mesh size)
Weighted tape measures
Drums or other approved containers
Decontamination equipment and supplies (e.g., high pressure sprayer/washer, wash/rinse tubs,
brushes, Alconox, plastic sheeting, paper towels, sponges, garden-type water sprayers, large plastic
bags, potable water, distilled water and/or deionized water, decon pad construction materials)
Appropriate field monitoring instruments and personal protective equipment (PPE) as outlined in the
HSP
Monitoring Well Specifications – Up to four temporary monitoring wells will be installed at selected
boring locations at each Phase II site. Each temporary monitoring well will be constructed of Schedule 40
slotted (0.010-inch slot size) two-inch diameter flush-threaded PVC well screens, and two-inch PVC riser,
unless stated otherwise in the FSP. Monitoring wells will be constructed with 10-foot screens. Sandpack
consisting of clean 10-20 mesh size silica sand will be placed around each well screen. For installation of
2-inch ID wells, a minimum nominal 6-inch ID hollow-stem auger assembly will be used. The procedures for
temporary monitoring well installation specified below may be modified for project-specific objectives in the
project-specific FSP.
Well Casings and Screens – Well casings will consist of new, 2-inch ID (unless otherwise specified)
threaded, flush-joint schedule 40 PVC monitoring well casing. All joints within the casing string will be
threaded. Well screens will consist of new threaded PVC monitoring well screen with 0.010-inch factorymachined slots. All well screens will have an internal diameter equal to that of the well casing. The wall
thickness of PVC screen will be the same as that of the well casing. A threaded end cap will be provided
at the bottom of the screen. Unless otherwise specified, 10 feet of well screen will be installed for wells.
Monitoring wells will be constructed 2 inches in diameter and installed across the water table (i.e.,
screened three feet above and seven feet below the water table for a total screen length of 10 feet).
Filter Pack - The filter pack material will be chemically inert, rounded, silica sand of appropriate size for the
well screen and host environment. The filter pack will extend a minimum of approximately 2 feet above the
top of the screen. The weight on the tape measure will be stainless steel in the event that it accidentally
becomes embedded in the filter pack. During placement of the filter pack, the sand will be added slowly and
the sand level will be continuously monitored using a weighted tape measure to ensure bridging does not
occur.
Seal and Surface Completion - There will be no bentonite seal, grout, surface completion, or extensive
development (as it normally applies to permanent monitoring wells) for the installation of temporary
monitoring wells.
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Appendix A - Standard Operating Procedures
Temporary wells may be left overnight, for sampling the following day, but the well must
be secured, both against tampering and against the fall hazard of the open annulus. If the
well is not sampled immediately after construction, the well should be purged prior to
sampling.
During and upon completing the wells, drilling logs and well construction diagrams will be completed.
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Appendix A - Standard Operating Procedures
STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE #7
MONITORING WELL DEVELOPMENT
SOP Preparation/Revision Date: December 2013
Equipment Needs
Bailer
Submersible pump and tubing
Water level meter
Water quality meter
Development forms
Deionized water spray bottles
Five-gallon buckets
Temporary monitoring wells will not require formal development. Following well construction, temporary wells
will be surged to remove fine-grained material, followed by bailing and/or pumping. During well development,
the rig geologist or development technician will sample the development water for pH, temperature, specific
conductance, turbidity and other observations (i.e., color and clarity) after each well casing volume has been
evacuated. The well will be developed until the water is relatively clear (if possible) or a decrease in turbidity
is observed. The rig geologist or development technician will determine when the well has been adequately
developed. All purge water from the wells will be placed into an appropriate container and handled as
investigation derived waste in accordance with SOP No. 10, Investigation Derived Waste Management.
A detailed, complete, and accurate record of well development will be documented on the Well
Development Record form to be completed during or immediately following well development.
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Appendix A - Standard Operating Procedures
WELL DEVELOPMENT RECORD
SHEET
Project Name:
Project No.:
Well ID:
Date Installed:
Casing Diameter:
Development Contractor:
of
METHOD OF DEVELOPMENT
 Swabbing
 Bailing
 Pumping
 Describe
 Yes
Equipment decontaminated prior to development
 No
Describe
CASING VOLUME INFORMATION
Casing ID (inch)
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.2
3.0
4.0
4.3
5.0
6.0
7.0
8.0
Unit Casing Volume (A) (gal/ft)
0.04
0.09
0.16
0.2
0.37
0.65
0.75
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.6
PURGING INFORMATION
Measured Well Depth (B)
ft.
Measured Water Level Depth (C)
ft.
Length of Static Water Column (D)
Casing Water Volume
(A)
(B)
x
(D)
-
(C)
=
Volume of Water Added to Well During Installation =
Total Purge Volume =
Time
Pump
Rate
Water Level
Depth
(ft)
Developer Signature:
=
C
ft.
B
gal
H2O
D
gal
(gal)
Volume
Removed
(gal)
pH
Cond
(mS/cm)
Temperature
F or C
Turbidity
(NTU)
Comments
Date:
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Appendix A - Standard Operating Procedures
STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE #8
GROUNDWATER SAMPLE COLLECTION
SOP Preparation/Revision Date: December 2013
Equipment List
Bailers (if needed)
Submersible pump and generator
Electronic water level probe
Assorted tools (knife, screwdriver, etc.)
Nylon rope or twine
Field water quality multi-parameter probe with flow-through cell
Calculator
Field notebook
Groundwater sample form
Waterproof and permanent marker
55-gallon drum or holding tank for storing purged water (where necessary)
Appropriate health and safety equipment
Well completion information sheet
Appropriate decontamination equipment
5-gallon buckets
Sampling apparatus
Cooler with ice
Sample jars and labels
Observations made during sample collection should be recorded in the field notebook and field sampling
sheet. Prior to groundwater sample collection, as warranted, the presence of any immiscible layers will be
assessed, using an oil-water-interface meter. The immiscible layers will be assessed visually for nonaqueous phase liquids. If non-aqueous phase liquids are not present, the groundwater wells will be
purged prior to sampling. Before any purging or sampling begins, all well probes, bailers, and other
sampling devices will be decontaminated according to the procedures in SOP No. 9.
Well Purging - The purpose of well purging is to remove stagnant water from the well and obtain
representative water from the geologic formation being sampled while minimizing disturbance to the
collected samples. Before a sample is collected, the well will be purged until a minimum of either three
well casing volumes have been removed or field water quality parameters have stabilized to within 10
percent or 0.1 units, or until the well is pumped or bailed dry and allowed to recover. All wells will be
purged on the same day that samples are collected. Prior to the start of purging, the depth of static water
level will be measured to the nearest 0.01 foot.
Field water quality measurements will be recorded at a minimum after evacuation of each well volume to
determine whether the groundwater chemistry has stabilized. Generally, subsequent readings within 10
percent of each other or 0.1 units indicate adequate stability of the water chemistry.
Sample Collection - The samples shall be taken from within the well screen interval. The following
sampling procedure is to be used at each temporary monitoring well:
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Appendix A - Standard Operating Procedures
1. Decontaminated sampling equipment will be assembled. If bailers are used, new nylon rope or twine
will be used for each well.
2. Identification labels for sample bottles will be filled out for each well.
3. When bailers are used, the bailer will be retrieved smoothly and the water will be slowly drained into
the sample containers through the bailer’s bottom discharge control device.
4. VOA sample vials should be completely filled so the water forms a convex meniscus at the top, then
capped so that no air space exists in the vial. Turn the vial over and tap it to check for bubbles in the
vial, which indicate air space. If air bubbles are observed in the sample vial, discard the sample vial
and repeat the procedure with a new vial until no air bubbles are present after capping.
5. Time of sampling will be recorded.
6. Field documentation will be completed, including the groundwater sampling form and chain-of-custody
(see SOP No. 12).
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Appendix A - Standard Operating Procedures
GROUNDWATER SAMPLE COLLECTION FIELD SHEET
Project Name:
Site Name:
Sampling Date:
Monitoring Instruments:
Analytical Instruments: pH:
Temp:
D.O:
Well ID No.:
Type of Well:
Casing Stickup:
Static Water Level:
Well Depth/Diameter:
Time
Casing
Volumes
Gallons
Removed
Dissolved
Oxygen (mg/l)
Project No.:
Field Crew:
Weather Conditions:
Readings:BZ
TOC:
Specific Conductivity:
Turbidity:
ORP:
Purging Equipment:
CASING VOLUME CALCULATION FOR 2” WELL:
(TD(ft) - DTW(ft)) x0.654 gal/ft = 1 casing volume (gallons)
ORP
(mV)
Temp
(C)
Depth to Water after purging:
Yield of Well: L - M - H
Sampling Equipment:
Analysis to be performed and Number of Containers:
VOCs
SVOCs
BTEX
DRO
GRO
pH
Conductivity
(mS/cm)
Turbidity
(NTUs)
RCRA Metals
Comments:
Sampler Signature(s):
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Appendix A - Standard Operating Procedures
STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE #9
EQUIPMENT DECONTAMINATION
SOP Preparation/Revision Date: December 2013
Equipment List
Decontamination pad or mobile station (if required)
Steam cleaner (hot water sprayer - Hotsy®, or similar brand, if required)
Brushes
Wash tubs or buckets
Scrapers, flat bladed
Sponges or paper towels
Alconox detergent (or equivalent)
Potable water
Deionized or distilled water
Garden-type water sprayers
Spray bottles
Appropriate containers for temporarily storing decontamination fluids as Investigation-Derived Waste
(IDW)
The overall objective of the sampling programs is to obtain samples that accurately depict the chemical,
physical, and/or biological conditions at the sampling site. Extraneous contaminants can be brought onto
the sampling location and/or introduced into the medium of interest during the sampling program (e.g.,
using sampling equipment that is not properly or fully decontaminated). Trace quantities of contaminants
can consequently be captured in a sample and lead to false positive analytical results and, ultimately, to
an incorrect assessment of the contaminant conditions associated with the site. Decontamination of
sampling equipment (e.g., all non-disposable equipment that will come in direct contact with samples) and
field support equipment (e.g., vehicles) is, therefore, required prior to, between, and after uses to ensure
that sampling cross-contamination is prevented and that on-site contaminants are not carried off-site.
If heavy equipment (i.e., drill rigs) decontamination activities are required at a site, a decontamination pad
will be constructed at a location believed to be free of contamination and agreed upon by the appropriate
facility personnel. The pad will be constructed to contain all products of the decontamination process.
The temporary pad will be lined with water impermeable material. Liquids will be removed frequently from
the pad to prevent overflowing of the pad. The pad shall be constructed on a level surface, and wooden
racks shall be placed on the plastic pad floor to place equipment on during cleaning. At the end of the site
activities, the pad will be taken apart and properly disposed. Any accumulated liquids will then be
containerized pending laboratory analysis and final disposal. Decontamination of small tools and supplies
is expected to be completed at each site. Decontamination liquids from these activities will also be
containerized pending analysis and final disposition.
Sampling Equipment Decontamination Procedure - Personnel will dress in suitable safety equipment
to reduce personal exposure as required by the Site Safety and Health Plan (SSHP). Gross
contamination on equipment will be scraped off at the site. Equipment that cannot be damaged by water
will be placed in a wash tub containing Alconox or low-sudsing non-phosphatic detergent along with
potable water and scrubbed with a bristle brush or similar utensil. Equipment will be rinsed with tap water
in a second wash tub followed by a triple deionized water rinse.
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Appendix A - Standard Operating Procedures
Equipment that may be damaged by water will be carefully wiped clean using a sponge and detergent
water and rinsed with deionized water. Care will be taken to prevent equipment damage. Rinse and
detergent water will be replaced with new solutions between borings or sample locations. Tubing used for
sampling will not be reused at different sampling locations. New tubing will be used at each sampling
location.
Following decontamination, equipment will be placed in a clean area or on clean plastic sheeting to
prevent contact with contaminated soil. If the equipment is not used immediately after decontamination,
the equipment will be covered or wrapped in aluminum foil to minimize potential contact with
contaminants.
Drill Rigs and Heavy Equipment - Drill rigs and other heavy equipment will be decontaminated at the
decontamination pad. The decontamination station may consist of a temporary structure capable of
collecting all decontamination fluids. Mobile decontamination trailers may be used to decontaminate
heavy equipment at each site. Personnel will dress in suitable PPE to reduce personal exposure as
required by the SSHP. Equipment showing gross contamination or having caked-on soil will be scraped
with a flat-bladed scraper at the site. Equipment that cannot be damaged by water, such as drill rigs and
shovels, will be washed with a hot water, high-pressure sprayer then rinsed with potable water. Care will
be taken to adequately clean the insides of the equipment. Following decontamination, equipment will be
placed on the clean drill rig and moved to a clean area. If the equipment is not used immediately, it should
be stored in a designated clean area.
Documentation - Sampling personnel will be responsible for documenting the decontamination of
sampling and heavy equipment. The documentation will be recorded with waterproof ink in the sampler's
field notebook with consecutively numbered pages. The information entered in the field book concerning
decontamination should include the following:
 Decontamination personnel
 Date and start and end times
 Decontamination procedures and observations
 Weather conditions
Rinsate Blanks - Equipment rinsate samples (rinsate blanks) equipment may be collected to verify the
effectiveness of the decontamination procedures. The rinsate sampling procedure will include rinsing
deionized water through or over a decontaminated sampling tool (such as a split-spoon) and collecting the
rinsate water into the appropriate sample bottles. The rinsate sampling procedure, including the sample
number, will be recorded in the field notebook.
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Appendix A - Standard Operating Procedures
STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE #10
INVESTIGATION DERIVED WASTE MANAGEMENT
SOP Preparation/Revision Date: December 2013
Equipment List
DOT-approved 55 gallon drums
500-gallon polyethylene holding tank
Sampling equipment and sample containers (if applicable)
Liquid IDW - All IDW liquid will be stored in 55-gallon drums or a 500-gallon polyethylene holding tank for
temporary storage. The containers used to store purge/decontamination water will be marked with the
following information:
 Site name and number
 Type of IDW (i.e., purge water)
 Well number(s)
 Date(s) of accumulation
 Name and phone number of City of Wheat Ridge contact
One composite liquid sample for laboratory analysis will be collected from the liquid IDW (purge and
decontamination water) at each site and submitted for the appropriate TCLP analysis. Upon receipt of the
results, determination of appropriate liquid IDW disposal will be made by the project team.
Solid IDW – Soil IDW generated from drilling and direct-push activities will be containerized in 55-gallon
drums and staged on-site, to await determination of disposal options once soil sample analyses are
obtained. All drums containing soil IDW will be marked with similar information as listed above for liquid
IDW. One composite soil sample for laboratory analysis will be collected from each site and submitted for
the appropriate TCLP analysis. Upon receipt of the results, determination of appropriate soil IDW disposal
will be made by the project team.
Personal protective equipment (PPE) used during investigation activities (including latex or nitrile gloves,
paper towels, etc.) is expected to have minimal contamination, and will not be required to be
containerized. Sample tubing that is not dedicated to individual wells will be discarded as solid waste also.
All solid waste IDW will be placed in plastic trash bags and disposed of offsite at a trash receptacle or
dumpster, or taken to a permitted landfill. Well materials from abandoned temporary wells will be pulled
from the ground, scraped clean, and disposed of as solid waste at a trash receptacle or dumpster. Waste
packaging material from well installation (sandbags, screen wrappers, etc.) will also be disposed of offsite
as solid waste.
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Appendix A - Standard Operating Procedures
STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE # 11
SAMPLE HANDLING, DOCUMENTATION, AND TRACKING PROCEDURES
SOP Preparation/Revision Date: December 2013
Equipment Needs
Chain of Custody forms
Sample labels
Field logbook
"Fragile" labels
Ice
Federal Express forms
Coolers
Ziploc bags, 1-qt. and 1-gal.
Bubble wrap
Cooler receipt forms
Strapping tape, 1"
Clear tape, 2"
Custody seals
Trash bags
Address labels
Sample Identification - In order to identify and accurately track the various samples, all samples
collected during the project, including QA/QC samples, will be designated with a unique number. The
number will serve to identify the site, sampling location, sampling depth (as applicable) and QA/QC
qualifiers. The sample designation format will be specified in the site-specific FSP.
Sample Labeling - Sample labels will be filled out as completely as possible by a designated member of
the sampling team. The date, time and sampler's signature should not be completed until the time of
sample collection. All sample labels will be filled out using waterproof ink. At a minimum, each label will
contain the following information:

Project name

Site Location

Client Name

Sampler’s signature and/or inititials

Date and time of collection

Sample ID number, which includes location, depth, and QC suffix

Analysis required

Preservatives (if any) used
Sample Handling and Shipping - All samples will be stored on ice at 4ºC in an insulated cooler until
packed for shipment to the laboratory. The ice will be double bagged in Ziploc-type storage bags. The
sample containers will be wrapped in protective packing material (bubble wrap). Samples will then be
placed right side up in a cooler with ice (double bagged using plastic bags), and taped with a custody seal
for delivery to the laboratory. Samples will be hand delivered or shipped by overnight express carrier for
delivery to the analytical laboratory. All samples must be shipped for laboratory receipt and analyses
within specific holding times. This may require daily shipment of samples with short holding times. A CoC
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Appendix A - Standard Operating Procedures
form, enclosed in a Ziploc-type bag and taped to the inside lid of the cooler, will accompany each cooler.
The temperature of all coolers will be measured upon receipt at the laboratory. Therefore, a temperature
blank will be included in each cooler for temperature measurement purposes.
Sample Documentation and Tracking - Documentation of observations and data acquired in the field will
provide information on the acquisition of samples and provide a permanent record of field activities. The
observations and data will be recorded using pens with permanent waterproof ink in a permanently bound
weatherproof field logbook containing consecutively numbered pages.
The information in the field book should include the following information as applicable:
 Names of personnel
 Location of sample
 Date and time of sample collection
 Sample identification code including QC and QA identification
 Description of samples (matrix sampled)
 Sample depth (if applicable)
 Number and volume of samples
 Sampling methods or reference to the appropriate SOP
 Sample handling, including filtration and preservation, as appropriate for separate sample aliquots
 Analytes of interest
 Field observations
 Results of any field measurements, such as depth to water, pH, temperature, and conductivity
 Level of PPE used during sampling
 Weather conditions at time of sample collection
 Condition of the well
 Decontamination information
 Initial static water level and total well depth
 Calculations (e.g., calculation of purged volume)
 Analyses that will be performed by the laboratory
 Equipment calibration information
 Headspace analysis (if taken)
Changes or deletions in the field book should be lined out with a single strike mark, initialed, dated, and
remain legible. Sufficient information should be recorded to allow the sampling event to be reconstructed
without relying on the sampler's memory. The field book will be signed by the person making the last
entry at the end of each day. Anyone making entries in another person's field book will sign and date
those entries.
During field sampling activities, traceability of the sample must be maintained from the time the samples
are collected until laboratory data are issued. Initial information concerning collection of the samples will
be recorded in the field logbook as described above. Information on the custody, transfer, handling, and
shipping of samples will be recorded on a CoC form.
The sampler will be responsible for initiating and filling out the CoC form. The sampler will sign the CoC
when the sampler relinquishes the samples to anyone else. One CoC form will be completed for each
cooler of samples collected daily. The CoC will contain the following information:
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Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Appendix A - Standard Operating Procedures
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Sampler's signature and affiliation
Project number
Date and time of collection
Sample identification number
Sample type
Analyses requested
Number of containers
Signature of persons relinquishing custody, dates, and times
Signature of persons accepting custody, dates, and times
Method of shipment
Shipping air bill number (if appropriate)
The field person responsible for delivery of the samples to the shipping company will sign the CoC form,
retain the last copy of the three-part CoC form, document the method of shipment, and send the original
and the second copy of the CoC form with the samples. Upon receipt at the laboratory, the person
receiving the samples will sign the CoC form and return the second copy to the Project Manager. Copies
of the CoC forms documenting custody changes and all custody documentation will be received and kept
in the central files. The original CoC forms will remain with the samples until final disposition of the
samples by the laboratory. The analytical laboratory will dispose of the samples in an appropriate manner
60 to 90 days after data reporting. After sample disposal, a copy of the original CoC will be sent to the
Project Manager by the analytical laboratory to be incorporated into the central files.
Page 22
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Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Appendix A - Standard Operating Procedures
STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE #12
FIELD DOCUMENTATION
SOP Preparation/Revision Date: December 2013
Several types of documentation will be prepared in the field to record information concerning soil borings,
well installation and sampling related activities. These will include field logbooks, boring logs and those
forms referenced in previous SOPs. Protocol for sample documentation is provided in SOP #11.
Boring Logs - A complete and accurate log entry for each soil boring will be prepared and entered onto a
separate boring log. These boring logs will be considered the primary location to record information
obtained during drilling. Each log will include the name of the project, hole number, location of boring,
type of sampling device, diameter of boring, location and number of each sample, types of sampling
equipment, groundwater information, and description of materials. Soil materials will be visually classified
using the USCS. Soil descriptions will follow ASTM D 2488-84, etc. Descriptions will be based on visual
inspection of the material in the field (refer to SOP #5).
Field Logbook - The field geologist will record field observations and readings in a bound notebook. This
will be done so that the logic of decisions may be traced, or data comparisons may be accomplished once
off-site analytical results become available. In addition, the logbook is the legal document for field
activities. Indelible ink will be used for entries. Each page must be signed and dated by the preparer. A
brief listing of pertinent data to be recorded in the field notebook includes, but is not limited to the
following:
 Date/time
 Sample location
 Weather information
 Instrument calibration data
 Brief descriptions of sample matrices, including any observations
 The number of samples obtained, ID numbers, number and type of containers used, preservation
methods used
 Comments, remarks about field activities
 Sampler's name and initials
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Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Appendix A - Standard Operating Procedures
STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE #13
INSTRUMENT CALIBRATION AND MAINTENANCE
SOP Preparation/Revision Date: December 2013
Electronic equipment used during groundwater sampling includes a multi-parameter field water quality
instrument (YSI 556 [see YSI 556 Operation Manual], or equivalent) with a flow-through cell, turbidity
meter (Hach 2100P [see Hach 2100P Instrument and Procedures Manual], or equivalent) and a water
level measurement probe. Before going into the field, the sampler shall verify that these instruments are
operating properly. The water quality instrument requires calibration prior to use every day. Calibration
will be according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
Air monitoring equipment will consist of a Mini-Rae 2000 photoionization detector (PID) equipped with a
11.7 millivolt lamp. The PID is calibrated using 100 ppm isobutylene, which is supplied in pressurized
canisters. The PID should be calibrated before use each day.
Where equipment cannot be repaired in the field or consumables have been prematurely depleted or
irreparably contaminated, site personnel will contact suppliers and order replacement parts, replacement
equipment, or supplies for prompt delivery. Parts and supplies must meet or exceed the original
equipment manufacturer’s recommended specifications. Site personnel will make every effort to have
enough equipment and supplies on hand for the planned activities.
Equipment List
Spray bottle w/ clean potable water
Waste bucket
Calibration standards:
For Water Quality Instrument: pH 7 and 10 buffer solutions
1.413 milliSeimens/cm conductivity solution,
Range of turbidity standards (e.g., 1.0, 20, 200, and 800 NTU standards)
For Air Monitoring Instrument: 100 ppm Isobutylene canister with regulator valve; 1-liter Tedlar bag
Water Quality Instrument Calibration Procedure – The instrument User Manual should be read before
using the unit. If a hard copy is not available, a “pdf” file containing the manual is available at the
manufacturer’s website for download. The following steps are an adaptation of the calibration instructions
contained in the manual; the user should become thoroughly familiar with the manual calibration
instructions.
The YSI 556 should be turned on at least 10 minutes prior to calibration to allow the circuits to equalize.
The sensor cover is a container that screws on over the sensors.
pH Sensor Calibration: Remove the cover and pour about ¾ inch of pH 7 buffer in the cup, and screw it
back on the sensor head. Agitate the sensor to coat the sensors with the solution. Unscrew the cup and
discard the solution in a sink or other container. Pour more pH 7 buffer solution in the cup to the half-way
mark. Replace the cup on the sensor head. Agitate lightly. Observe the reading; after the reading
stabilizes, record the reading in the field logbook under a heading for the calibration event, noting the
instrument name and serial number.
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Appendix A - Standard Operating Procedures
Pour out the buffer solution, and rinse the sensors with clean water. Pour ¾ inch of pH 10 buffer in the
cup. Screw the cup onto the sensor head. Agitate, coating the sensors with solution. Discard the
solution. Pour more pH 10 buffer solution in the cup to the half-way mark. Replace the cup on the sensor
head. Agitate lightly. Observe the reading; after the reading stabilizes, record the reading in the field
logbook. If either of the pH readings vary by more than 0.1 units, perform a Calibration sequence.
The pH calibration sequence is initiated by accessing the Calibration mode using the navigation buttons
on the instrument. Perform the sensor rinse with the pH 7 buffer, and then refill the cup halfway with
buffer solution, and replace on the sensor head.
The instrument requires a minimum two-point calibration. Enter the value of the first calibration standard
(7.0). The instrument readout will appear as in normal operation except the word Calibrate is displayed at
the top. When the reading has stabilized, press “Enter” on the keypad. The pH reading should read 7.0.
Press “enter” again and the instrument will ask for the 2nd calibration value (10.0). First perform the sensor
rinse and refill the cup halfway with pH 10 buffer solution, then enter the standard value (10.0). After the
reading has stabilized, press “Enter” to calibrate and then press “Enter” again. Use the “escape key to
back out of the calibration menu. Re-check the pH calibration by repeating the check as performed prior
to calibration. Document the calibration in the field logbook.
Conductivity Sensor Calibration: Repeat the sensor rinse with clean water, and then rinse with the
conductivity standard solution. Refill the cup halfway with the conductivity solution and replace over the
sensor head. Note the reading and record in the logbook, along with the temperature reading. The
solution conductivity value is specific to standard temperature (25°C), so if the solution temperature is
lower or higher, the conductivity reading will vary from 1.413 mS/cm. A temperature correction chart may
sometimes be obtained along with the calibration solution. Many of the newer models of YSI 556 include
a readout for uncorrected conductivity and also specific conductivity, which is the conductivity value
corrected to 25°C. This readout should always read 1.413 mS/cm in the solution, while the other will read
an actual value. If the conductivity reading varies by more than 0.1 mS/cm from the expected value, note
the reading and perform a calibration sequence. Perform the sensor rinse with the conductivity standard,
and then refill the cup halfway with buffer solution, and replace on the sensor head. When the reading has
stabilized, press “Enter” on the keypad. The reading should show the expected value. Press “enter” again
and the instrument will return to the calibration menu. Back out of the menu and re-check the calibration
reading. Document the sensor check and calibration in the field logbook.
Calibration of additional sensors, if the instrument is so equipped, follows the same procedure described
above for pH and conductivity. The only exception is the temperature sensor. A scientific alcohol
thermometer should be used to check the temperature sensor operation. Note all calibration steps in the
field logbook.
Water Quality Instrument Maintenance –The YSI 556 MPS should be stored at room temperature or
close to it when not in use. The unit is powered by four C-size batteries. When turning the instrument off,
replace the sensor head protective cover. Make sure there is about ½ inch of potable water in the cup
before screwing it on the head. This keeps the sensor probes from drying out and losing effectiveness.
Distilled water is not recommended for probe storage.
Since the YSI 556 MPS units used are procured from an equipment rental vendor, the sensors are
typically well-maintained and in good working order. In the event of equipment malfunction to the point
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Final Brownfields Environmental Consultant/Testing Services UFP-QAPP
Appendix A - Standard Operating Procedures
where one or more of the sensors will not calibrate, a replacement unit should be requested immediately
from the supplier.
Turbidimeter Calibration Procedure – The Hach 2100P rental units used in the field are supplied with a
kit of Gelex calibration check standards of various turbidity values. Typically these are supplied in sealed
vials and can be re-used through out the field survey, and are returned with the unit to the supplier. The
Gelex standards are used to field check calibration. Formazin standards are used for calibration. The
manufacturer recommends use of Hach StablCal Stabilized Formazin for calibration (Kit w/ 20-,100-, and
800-NTU sealed vials, Cat. No. 26594-05). Standards may also be ordered in 500-mL bottles. A
(nominal) zero-value standard is also required (<0.1 NTU StablCal® Stabilized Formazin Standard, 100
mL, Cat. No..26597-42).
Detailed calibration instructions are contained in the Hach 2100P User Manual. If a hard copy is not
available, a “pdf” file containing the manual is available at the manufacturer’s website for download.
Turbidimeter Maintenance – The turbidimeter should be stored at room temperature. The unit is
powered by four AA-size batteries. The Hach 2100P is not waterproof. If used in the field during rain
events, care must used to keep excessive water from splashing onto the unit.
PID Calibration Procedure – The Mini-Rae 2000 PID is calibrated using a 100-ppm isobutylene gas,
supplied in a pressurized canister. A regulating valve is used to dispense the gas.
The PID should be turned on and allowed to operate in survey mode for at least 10 minutes before
performing a calibration check. Calibration check is performed by filling a 1-liter Tedlar bag with
calibration gas, and then attaching the flexible tubing from the Tedlar bag to the PID probe tip. Slight hand
pressure is maintained on the Tedlar bag to keep the gas flowing steadily. Instrument response should
occur within a few seconds of attaching the tubing. Note the reading in the field logbook. If the reading
varies by more than a few percent from the expected value, perform a calibration procedure.
Calibration is performed by placing the unit in Calibration mode by menu navigation using the keypad.
Once in calibration mode, the unit will confirm that the calibration gas is 100 ppm isobutylene. After
confirming, connect a full Tedlar bag of 100 ppm isobutylene to the probe tip and confirm the “Start Cal”
prompt. The unit will prompt when calibration is complete. Disconnect the Tedlar bag. Return the unit to
Survey Mode. Re-check the calibration. Document the calibration in the field logbook.
Mini-Rae 2000 PID Maintenance – The PID should be stored at room temperature. The unit is powered
by a rechargeable battery pack, which should be re-charged daily. The ionizing chamber lamp is subject
to fogging in damp or humid environments. A moisture trap is typically supplied with each unit; this is an
in-line filter module that attaches to the probe tip.
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Appendix A - Standard Operating Procedures
STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE #14
ACM AND LBP TESTING
SOP Preparation/Revision Date: December 2013
RMC may conduct an asbestos and LBP survey during Phase II activities. Observations and interviews
conducted during the Phase I will assist in providing additional details regarding the potential for the
presence of asbestos and/or LBP in any site structures. The proposed number of samples will be
determined during the preparation of the site-specific FSP. One of RMC’s licensed asbestos
professionals, accredited by the EPA under the AHERA and certified by the Colorado Department of
Public Health and Environment (CDPHE) as an Asbestos Building Inspector, will sample potential ACM
and submit samples to a subcontract laboratory (to be determined) for ACBM bulk sample analysis. ACM
is defined by state and federal regulations as “any material that contains greater than 1%
asbestos.” All suspect ACM sampled during the inspection will be analyzed by Polarized Light Microscopy
(PLM), EPA Method 600/M4-82-020. An RMC representative, who is an EPA certified LBP inspector, will
also collect potential LBP samples and submit samples to an appropriate laboratory (to be determined).
RMC will inventory all suspect interior and exterior painted surfaces and all suspect building materials with
potential asbestos content during a visual inspection. Each suspect paint or building material will be
inventoried by age, condition, quantity, type/color, location, and friability. Using this information, the
various paints and building materials will be assigned sampling priorities.
Inspection for the presence of ACM and LBP will consist of the following:
 Visually examine accessible areas and identify the locations of suspect ACM and LBP.
 Collect and analyze representative bulk samples of materials suspected of containing Asbestos and
samples of suspected LBP.
 Document ACM and LBP quantities.
 Generate a final report documenting sample locations, analysis results, conditions, ACM and LBP
quantities, and recommendations.
The Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response Act (AHERA) regulations specify sampling density protocol
based on the quantity and type of material. Selected sample locations will be representative of the various
homogeneous materials. RMC inspectors will collect samples at selected locations using a random
sampling scheme. As destructive testing is outside of the scope of many projects, samples will be
collected in obscure or hidden locations whenever practical, which does limit the definition of a randomly
selected sample location. Suspect homogeneous materials will be sampled to determine if they contain
asbestos or are non-asbestos materials. Homogeneous areas/materials will be determined using visual
observations made in the field regarding material appearance, texture, size, color, construction era, and/or
manufacturers’ labels.
At the point of sample collection, the ACM and LBP samples will be placed in a sample container and
coded by the inspector. The sampling tool will then be cleaned to prevent contamination of subsequent
samples. Any debris will be cleaned up and sealed in plastic for disposal.
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Appendix A - Standard Operating Procedures
STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE # 15
BOREHOLE ABANDONMENT
SOP Preparation/Revision Date: December 2013
Material and Equipment Needs
Personal protective equipment (PPE) as outlined in the HSP
Grouting materials and equipment (potable water, bentonite powder, bentonite chips, cement for grouting
[portland type II or IV], large tank for mixing grout, trash pump for mixing grout, plastic or steel tremie pipe)
This Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) provides technical guidance and methods that will be used to seal
and abandon boreholes at the Phase II sites. The objective of abandonment is to eliminate the potential
vertical pathway to the subsurface associated with boreholes. Abandonment will be performed at the Phase
II sites following the drilling and sampling of direct push soil borings and temporary monitoring wells.
Direct push boreholes drilled for collection of subsurface soil samples will be abandoned immediately
following sampling and/or data collection. The following steps will be performed to abandon a borehole in
accordance with applicable State of Colorado regulations regarding test hole/borehole abandonment and
specifically the State Engineers Office RULE 16 STANDARDS FOR PLUGGING, SEALING, AND
ABANDONING WELLS AND BOREHOLES:
Borings will be abandoned by filling each test hole with high solid bentonite grout to within five (5)
feet of the ground surface. For temporary monitoring wells, the PVC screen and riser will be pulled
from the borehole prior to grouting and disposed of as solid IDW. Grouting will be completed
using a tremie pipe from the total depth of the penetration to ensure proper abandonment of the
test hole. Cement grout will consist of 90 percent Portland cement and 10 percent by volume
bentonite powder mixed with clean water at a ratio of no more than seven gallons for 100 pounds
of cement and bentonite. Settlement of the grout shall be checked 24 hours after it is placed. For
the remainder of the test hole, medium bentonite chips will be poured directly into the test hole
and hydrated with a minimum of 5 gallons of potable water. This will ensure that the permeability
of the test hole will be greater than the permeability of the surrounding cap.
Page 28
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