User Manual
Avira Professional Security
User Manual
Introduction
Trademarks and Copyright
Trademarks
Windows is a registered trademark of the Microsoft Corporation in the United States and other countries.
All other brand and product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners.
Protected trademarks are not marked as such in this manual. This does not mean, however, that they may be used freely.
Copyright information
Code provided by third party providers was used for Avira Professional Security. We thank the copyright owners for making the code
available to us.
For detailed information on copyright, please refer to "Third Party Licenses" in the Program Help of Avira Professional Security.
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Introduction
Table of Contents
1. Introduction .................................................................................... 7
1.1 Icons and emphases ............................................................................................................... 7
2. Product information ......................................................................... 9
2.1 Delivery scope.......................................................................................................................... 9
2.2 System requirements............................................................................................................. 10
2.3 Licensing and Upgrade ......................................................................................................... 11
2.3.1
License manager........................................................................................................................................11
3. Installation and uninstallation.......................................................... 13
3.1 Overview ................................................................................................................................. 13
3.1.1
Installation types.........................................................................................................................................13
3.2 Pre-Setup................................................................................................................................ 14
3.3 Express installation ................................................................................................................ 15
3.4 Custom Installation ................................................................................................................ 17
3.5 Configuration Wizard ............................................................................................................. 19
3.6 Change installation ................................................................................................................ 20
3.7 Installation modules ............................................................................................................... 20
3.8 Uninstallation .......................................................................................................................... 22
3.9 Installation and uninstallation on the network ..................................................................... 22
3.9.1
Command line parameters for the setup program ...........................................................................24
4. Overview of Avira Professional Security ........................................... 28
4.1 User interface and operation ................................................................................................ 28
4.1.1
Control Center .............................................................................................................................................28
4.1.2
Starting and closing of Control Center ................................................................................................29
4.1.3
Operate Control Center ............................................................................................................................30
4.1.4
Control Center overview ..........................................................................................................................30
4.1.5
Configuration ...............................................................................................................................................31
4.1.6
Accessing the Configuration ...................................................................................................................32
4.1.7
Configuration operation ............................................................................................................................33
4.1.8
Configuration profiles ................................................................................................................................34
4.1.9
Tray icon .......................................................................................................................................................35
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Introduction
4.1.10
Entries in the context menu ....................................................................................................................36
4.2 How to...?................................................................................................................................ 37
4.2.1
Activate license ...........................................................................................................................................37
4.2.2
Perform automatic updates .....................................................................................................................37
4.2.3
Start a manual update ..............................................................................................................................39
4.2.4
Using a scan profiles to scan for viruses and malware ..................................................................40
4.2.5
Scan for viruses and malware using drag & drop ............................................................................41
4.2.6
Scan for viruses and malware via the context menu ......................................................................42
4.2.7
Automatically scan for viruses and malware .....................................................................................42
4.2.8
Targeted scan for Rootkits and active malware ...............................................................................44
4.2.9
React to detected viruses and malware ..............................................................................................44
4.2.10
Handling quarantined files (*.qua) ........................................................................................................49
4.2.11
Restore the files in quarantine ...............................................................................................................51
4.2.12
Move suspicious files to quarantine .....................................................................................................53
4.2.13
Scan profile: Amend or delete file type in a scan profile................................................................53
4.2.14
Create desktop shortcut for scan profile .............................................................................................54
4.2.15
Filter events .................................................................................................................................................54
4.2.16
Exclude email addresses from scan ....................................................................................................55
4.2.17
Select the security level for the FireWall ............................................................................................55
5. System Scanner ............................................................................ 57
6. Updates ........................................................................................ 58
7. Firewall ........................................................................................ 60
8. FAQ, Tips ...................................................................................... 61
8.1 Help in case of a problem ..................................................................................................... 61
8.2 Shortcuts................................................................................................................................. 66
8.2.1
In dialog boxes ............................................................................................................................................66
8.2.2
In the help .....................................................................................................................................................67
8.2.3
In the Control Center.................................................................................................................................67
8.3 Windows Security Center ...................................................................................................... 70
8.3.1
General..........................................................................................................................................................70
8.3.2
The Windows Security Center and your Avira product ..................................................................70
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Introduction
9. Viruses and more........................................................................... 74
9.1 Threat categories ................................................................................................................... 74
9.2 Viruses and other malware ................................................................................................... 77
10. Info and Service............................................................................. 81
10.1 Contact address ..................................................................................................................... 81
10.2 Technical support ................................................................................................................... 81
10.3 Suspicious file ........................................................................................................................ 82
10.4 Reporting false positives ....................................................................................................... 82
10.5 Your feedback for more security ........................................................................................... 82
11. Reference: Configuration options .................................................... 83
11.1 System Scanner..................................................................................................................... 83
11.1.1
Scan ...............................................................................................................................................................83
11.1.2
Report ............................................................................................................................................................94
11.2 Realtime Protection ............................................................................................................... 95
11.2.1
Scan ...............................................................................................................................................................95
11.2.2
ProActiv ...................................................................................................................................................... 107
11.2.3
Report ......................................................................................................................................................... 110
11.3 Variables: Realtime Protection and System Scanner exceptions ................................... 111
11.4 Update .................................................................................................................................. 112
11.4.1
Product update......................................................................................................................................... 114
11.4.2
Restart settings ........................................................................................................................................ 115
11.4.3
File server .................................................................................................................................................. 116
11.4.4
Web Server ............................................................................................................................................... 117
11.5 Firewall.................................................................................................................................. 119
11.5.1
Adapter rules ............................................................................................................................................ 119
11.5.2
Application rules ...................................................................................................................................... 131
11.5.3
Trusted vendors....................................................................................................................................... 134
11.5.4
Settings ...................................................................................................................................................... 135
11.5.5
Popup settings ......................................................................................................................................... 137
11.6 Firewall under SMC ............................................................................................................. 138
11.6.1
General settings ...................................................................................................................................... 138
11.6.2
Incoming Rules ........................................................................................................................................ 143
11.6.3
Application list .......................................................................................................................................... 151
11.6.4
Trusted vendors....................................................................................................................................... 152
11.6.5
Further settings ........................................................................................................................................ 153
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Introduction
11.6.6
Display settings........................................................................................................................................ 154
11.7 Web Protection..................................................................................................................... 155
11.7.1
Scan ............................................................................................................................................................ 155
11.7.2
Report ......................................................................................................................................................... 164
11.8 Mail Protection ..................................................................................................................... 165
11.8.1
Scan ............................................................................................................................................................ 165
11.8.2
General....................................................................................................................................................... 170
11.8.3
Report ......................................................................................................................................................... 172
11.9 General ................................................................................................................................. 173
11.9.1
Threat categories .................................................................................................................................... 173
11.9.2
Password ................................................................................................................................................... 174
11.9.3
Security ...................................................................................................................................................... 177
11.9.4
WMI ............................................................................................................................................................. 178
11.9.5
Proxy settings ........................................................................................................................................... 179
11.9.6
Alerts ........................................................................................................................................................... 180
11.9.7
Events ......................................................................................................................................................... 192
11.9.8
Reports ....................................................................................................................................................... 192
11.9.9
Directories ................................................................................................................................................. 193
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Introduction
1. Introduction
Your Avira product protects your computer against viruses, worms, Trojans, adware and
spyware and other risks. In this manual these are referred to as viruses or malware
(harmful software) and unwanted programs.
The manual describes the program installation and operation.
For further options and information, please visit our website:
http://www.avira.com
The Avira website lets you:

access information on other Avira desktop programs

download the latest Avira desktop programs

download the latest product manuals in PDF format

download free support and repair tools

access our comprehensive knowledge database and FAQs for troubleshooting

access country-specific support addresses.
Your Avira Team
1.1 Icons and emphases
The following icons are used:
Icon /
designation
Explanation
Placed before a condition which must be fulfilled prior to
execution of an action.
Placed before an action step that you perform.
Placed before an event that follows the previous action.
Warning
Placed before a warning when critical data loss might occur.
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Introduction
Note
Placed before a link to particularly important information or a tip
which makes your Avira product easier to use.
The following emphases are used:
Emphasis
Explanation
Italics
File name or path data.
Displayed software interface elements (e.g. window section or
error message).
Bold
Clickable software interface elements (e.g. menu item,
navigation area, option box or button).
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Product information
2. Product information
This chapter contains all information relevant to the purchase and use of your Avira
product:

see Chapter: Delivery scope

see Chapter: System requirements

see Chapter: Licensing and Upgrade

see Chapter: License Manager
Avira products are comprehensive and flexible tools you can rely on to protect your
computer from viruses, malware, unwanted programs and other dangers.
Please note the following information:
Note
Loss of valuable data usually has dramatic consequences. Even the best virus
protection program cannot provide one hundred percent protection from data
loss. Make regular copies (Backups) of your data for security purposes.
Note
A program can only provide reliable and effective protection from viruses,
malware, unwanted programs and other dangers if it is up-to-date. Make sure
your Avira product is up-to-date with automatic updates. Configure the program
accordingly.
2.1 Delivery scope
Your Avira product has the following functions:

Control Center for monitoring, managing and controlling the entire program

Central configuration with user-friendly standard and advanced options and contextsensitive help

System Scanner (on-demand scan) with profile-controlled and configurable scan for all
known types of virus and malware

Integration into the Windows Vista User Account Control allows you to carry out tasks
requiring administrator rights.

Realtime Protection (on-access scan) for continuous monitoring of all file access
attempts
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Product information

ProActiv component for the permanent monitoring of program actions (for 32-bit system
only, not available under Windows 2000)

Mail Protection (POP3 Scanner, IMAP Scanner and SMTP Scanner) for the permanent
checking of emails for viruses and malware. Checking of email attachments is included

Web Protection for monitoring data and files transferred from the Internet using the
HTTP protocol (monitoring of ports 80, 8080, 3128)

Integrated quarantine management to isolate and process suspicious files

Rootkits protection for detecting hidden malware installed in your computer system
(rootkits)
(Not available under Windows XP 64 bit)

Direct access to detailed information on the detected viruses and malware via the
Internet

Simple and quick updates to the program, virus definitions, and search engine through
Single File Update and incremental VDF updates via a web server on the Internet or an
intranet

User-friendly licensing in License Manager

Integrated Scheduler for planning one-off or recurring jobs such as updates or scans

Extremely high virus and malware detection via innovative scanning technology (scan
engine) including heuristic scanning method

Detection of all conventional archive types including detection of nested archives and
smart extension detection

High-performance multithreading function (simultaneous high-speed scanning of
multiple files)

Avira FireWall for protecting your computer from unauthorized access from the Internet
or another network and from unauthorized access to the Internet/network by
unauthorized users
2.2 System requirements
The system requirements are as follows:

Computer Pentium or later, at least 1 GHz

Operating system



Windows XP, SP2 (32 or 64 bit) or
Windows Vista (32 or 64 bit, SP1) or
Windows 7 (32 or 64 bit)

At least 150 MB of free hard disk memory space (more if using quarantine for temporary
storage)

At least 512 MB RAM under Windows XP

At least 1024 MB RAM under Windows Vista, Windows 7
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Product information

For the program installation: Administrator rights

For all installations: Windows Internet Explorer 6.0 or higher

Internet connection where appropriate (see Installation)
2.3 Licensing and Upgrade
In order to be able to use your Avira product, you require a license. You thereby accept the
license terms.
The license is issued via a digital license code in the form of the file hbedv.key. This digital
license code is the key to your personal license. It contains exact details of which
programs are licensed to you and for what period of time. A digital license code can
therefore also contain the license for more than one product.
If you purchased your Avira product on the Internet, or via a program CD/DVD, the digital
license code is sent to you by email. You can load the license key during installation of the
program or install it later in License Manager.
Note
If your Avira product is managed under AMC, your administrator will execute the
upgrade. You will be asked to save your data and reboot your computer,
otherwise you are not protected.
2.3.1 License manager
The Avira Professional Security License Manager enables very simple installation of the
Avira Professional Security license.
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Product information
Avira Professional Security License Manager
You can install the license by selecting the license file in your file manager or in the
activation email with a double click and following the relevant instructions on the screen.
Note
The Avira Professional Security License Manager automatically copies the
corresponding license in the relevant product folder. If a license already exists,
a note appears as to whether the existing license file is to be replaced. In this
case the existing file is overwritten by the new license file.
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Installation and uninstallation
3. Installation and uninstallation
3.1 Overview
This chapter contains information relating to the installation and uninstallation of your Avira
product.

see Chapter: Pre-Setup: Requirements, preparing the computer for installation

see Chapter: Express installation: Standard installation according to default settings

see Chapter: Custom installation: Configurable installation

see Chapter: Configuration Wizard

see Chapter: Change installation

see Chapter: Installation modules

see Chapter: Uninstallation: Uninstall

see Chapter: Installation and uninstallation on the network
3.1.1 Installation types
During installation you can select a setup type in the installation wizard:
Express

Standard components will be installed.

The program files are installed into a specified default folder under C:\Program Files.

Your Avira product is installed with default settings. You have the option of defining
custom settings using the configuration wizard.
Custom

You can choose to install individual program components (see Chapter Installation and
uninstallation > Installation modules).

A target folder can be selected for the program files to be installed.

You can disable Create a desktop icon and program group in the Start menu.

Using the configuration wizard, you can define custom settings for your Avira product
and initiate a short system scan that is performed automatically after installation.
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Installation and uninstallation
3.2 Pre-Setup
Note
Before installation, check whether your computer fulfils all the minimum system
requirements. If your computer satisfies all requirements, you can install the
Avira product.
Note
When installing on a server operating system, the Realtime Protection and the
files protection are not available.
Pre-Setup
Close your email program. It is also recommended to end all running applications.
Make sure that no other virus protection solutions are installed. The automatic
protection functions of various security solutions may interfere with each other.
The Avira product will search for possible incompatible software on your
computer.
If potentially incompatible software is detected Avira generates a list of these
programs.
It is recommended to remove these software programs in order not to endanger
the stability of your computer.
Select the check box for those programs that should be removed automatically from
your computer and click Next.
You have to confirm manually the uninstallation of some programs. Select the
programs and click Next.
The uninstallation of one or more of the selected programs requires a restart of
your computer. After reboot the installation will continue.
Warning
Your computer will not be protected until the installation of the Avira product is
finished.
Note
If the Avira product on your computer is administered by the Avira Management
Console (AMC) you will not be asked to remove incompatible software
programs yourself.
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Installation and uninstallation
Install
The installation program runs in self-explanatory dialog mode. Every window contains a
certain selection of buttons to control the installation process.
The most important buttons are assigned the following functions:

OK: Confirm action.

Abort: Abort action.

Next: Go to next step.

Back: Go to previous step.
Establish an internet connection: The Internet connection is necessary for performing
the following installation steps:


Downloading the current program file and scan engine as well as the latest virus
definition files via the installation program (for internet-based installation)
Where appropriate, carrying out an update after completed installation
Save the license file hbedv.key on your computer system if you want to activate your
Avira product.
Note
Internet-based installation:
For the Internet-based installation of the program, an installation program is
provided that loads the current program file prior to installation by the Avira
web servers. This process ensures that your Avira product is installed with
the latest virus definition file.
Installation with an installation package:
The installation package contains both the installation program and all
necessary program files. No language selection for your Avira product is
available for installation with an installation package. We recommend that
you carry out an update of the virus definition file after installation.
3.3 Express installation
Installing your Avira product:
Start the installation program by double-clicking the installation file you have downloaded
from the Internet or insert the program CD.
Internet-based installation
The Welcome screen appears.
Click Next to continue with the installation.
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Installation and uninstallation
The dialog Language selection appears.
Select the language you want to use to install your Avira product and confirm your
language selection by clicking Next.
The dialog box Download appears. All files necessary for installation are
downloaded from the Avira web servers. The Download window closes after
conclusion of the download.
Installation with an installation package
The window Preparing installation appears.
The installation file is extracted. The installation routine is started.
The dialog box Select installation type appears.
Note
By default Express installation is preset. All standard components will be
installed which you may not configure. If you like to execute a customized
installation, please refer to the chapter: Installation > Custom installation.
You may participate in the Avira ProActiv Community (Configuration > Realtime
Scanner > ProActiv).
Confirm that you accept the End User License Agreement. For reading the detailed
text of the End User License Agreement, click the EULA link.
Click Next.
If you have chosen to take part in the Avira ProActiv Community, the Avira ProActiv
Community information window appears. You may obtain more details on the
expanded online scan.
Click Next.
The License Wizard opens and helps you to activate your product.
You have the opportunity to configure a Proxy server right here.
Click Proxy settings for configuration and confirm your settings with OK.
If you already received an activation key, select Activate product.
Alternatively, click the link I already have a valid HBEDV.KEY License file.
The Open File Dialog appears.
Select your HBEDV.KEY and click Open.
The activation code is copied to the License Wizard.
Click Next.
The installation progress is displayed by a green bar.
Click Finish to end setup process and close the License Wizard.
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Installation and uninstallation
The Avira Tray Icon is placed in the taskbar.
In order to ensure effective protection for your computer, the module Updater will
search for possible updates.
The Luke Filewalker window opens and a short system scan is performed. The
status of the check as well as the results are displayed.
If after the scan you are asked to restart your computer, click Yes to ensure that your
system is fully protected.
After a successful installation, we recommend that you check the program is up-to-date in
the Status field of the Control Center.
If your Avira product shows that your computer is not secure, click Fix problem.
The dialog Restore protection opens.
Activate the preset options in order to maximize the security of your system.
If appropriate, perform a complete system scan afterwards.
3.4 Custom Installation
Installing your Avira product:
Start the installation program by double-clicking the installation file you have downloaded
from the Internet or insert the program CD.
Internet-based installation
The Welcome screen appears.
Click Next to continue with the installation.
The dialog Language selection appears.
Select the language you want to use to install your Avira product and confirm your
language selection by clicking Next.
The dialog box Download appears. All files necessary for installation are
downloaded from the Avira web servers. The Download window closes after
conclusion of the download.
Installation with an installation package
The window Preparing installation appears.
The installation file is extracted. The installation routine is started.
The dialog box Select installation type appears.
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Installation and uninstallation
Note
By default Express installation is preset. All standard components will be
installed which you may not configure. If you like to execute an Express
installation, please refer to the chapter: Installation > Express installation.
Choose Custom to install individual program components.
Confirm that you accept the End User License Agreement. For reading the detailed
text of the End User License Agreement, click the EULA link.
Click Next.
The Choose Destination Folder window opens.
The default folder will be C:\Program Files\Avira\AntiVir Desktop\
Click Next to continue.
-ORUse the Browse button to select a different destination folder and confirm by clicking
Next.
The Install components dialog appears:
Select or deselect components from the list and confirm with Next to proceed.
If you have chosen to install the ProActiv component, the Avira ProActiv
Community window appears.
You have the option of confirming participation in the Avira ProActiv Community:
If this option is enabled, Avira ProActiv sends data on suspicious programs
detected by the ProActiv component to the Avira Malware Research Center. The
data is used only for an advanced online scan and to expand and refine
detection technology. You can use the further information link to obtain more
details on the expanded online scan.
If the dialogue box Avira ProActiv Community has been displayed, enable or
disable participation in the Avira ProActiv Community and confirm by clicking Next.
In the following dialog box you can decide whether to create a desktop shortcut
and/or a program group in the Start menu.
Click Next.
The program features will be installed. Installation progress is displayed in the
dialog box.
The dialog box Install license appears:
Go to the directory in which you have saved the license file, read the message in the
dialog box and confirm by clicking Next.
The license file is copied and the components are installed and started.
The program features will be installed. Installation progress is displayed in the
dialog box.
Click Finish to end setup process.
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Installation and uninstallation
The Installation Wizard is closed and the Configuration Wizard will open.
3.5 Configuration Wizard
At the end of a user-defined installation, the configuration wizard is opened. The
configuration wizard enables you to define custom settings for your Avira product.
Click Next in the welcome window of the configuration wizard to begin configuration
of the program.
The Configure AHeAD dialog box enables you to select a detection level for the
AHeAD technology. The detection level selected is used for the System Scanner
(On-demand scan) and Realtime Protection (On-access scan) AHeAD
technology settings.
Select a detection level and continue the installation by clicking Next.
In the following dialog box Select extended threat categories, you can adapt
the protective functions of your Avira product to the threat categories specified.
Where appropriate, activate further threat categories and continue the installation by
clicking Next.
If you have selected the Avira FireWall installation module, the Default rules for
accessing the network and using network resources dialog box appears.
You can define whether the Avira FireWall should permit external access to
enabled resources as well as network access by applications of trusted
companies.
Enable the required options and continue the configuration by clicking Next.
If you have selected the Avira Realtime Protection installation module, the
Realtime Protection start mode dialog box appears. You can stipulate the
Realtime Protection start time. At each computer reboot, the Realtime Protection
will be started in the start mode specified.
Note
The specified Realtime Protection start mode is saved in the registry and cannot
be changed via the Configuration.
Note
When the default start mode for Realtime Protection (Normal start) has been
chosen and the logon process upon startup is carried out fast, programs
configured to start automatically upon startup might not be scanned because
they might be up and running before the Realtime Protection has been started
completely.
Enable the required option and continue the configuration by clicking Next.
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Installation and uninstallation
In the following Select email settings dialog box, you can define the Server
settings for sending emails. Your Avira product uses SMTP to send emails as
well as send email alerts.
Where appropriate, make the necessary adjustments to the server settings and
continue the configuration by clicking Next.
In the following System scan dialog box, a short system scan can be enabled or
disabled. The short system scan is performed after the configuration has been
completed and before the computer is rebooted, and scans running programs
and the most important system files for viruses and malware.
Enable or disable the Short system scan option and continue the configuration by
clicking Next.
In the following dialog box, you can complete the configuration by clicking Finish
The specified and selected settings are accepted.
If you have enabled the Short system scan option, the Luke Filewalker window
opens. The Scanner performs a short system scan.
If after the scan you are asked to restart your computer, click Yes to ensure that your
system is fully protected.
After a successful installation, we recommend that you check whether the program is upto-date in the Status field of the Control Center.
If your Avira product shows that your computer is not secure, click Fix problem.
The dialog Restore protection opens.
Activate the preset options in order to maximize the security of your system.
If appropriate, perform a complete system scan afterwards.
3.6 Change installation
You have the option of adding or removing individual program components of the current
Avira product installation (see Chapter Installation and uninstallation > Installation
modules).
If you wish to add or remove modules of the current installation, you can use the option
Add or Remove Programs in the Windows control panel to Change/Remove
programs.
Select your Avira product and click Change. In the Welcome dialog of the program, select
the option Modify. You will be guided through the installation changes.
3.7 Installation modules
In a user-defined installation or a change installation, the following installation modules can
be selected, added or removed.
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Installation and uninstallation

Avira Professional Security
This module contains all components required for successful installation of your Avira
product.

Avira Realtime Protection
The Avira Realtime Protection runs in the background. It monitors and repairs, if
possible, files during operations such as open, write and copy in on-access mode.
Whenever a user carries out a file operation (e.g. load document, execute, copy), the
Avira product automatically scans the file. Renaming a file does not trigger a scan by
Avira Realtime Protection.

Avira ProActiv
The ProActiv component monitors application actions and alerts users to suspicious
application behavior. This behavior-based recognition enables you to protect yourself
against unknown malware. The ProActiv component is integrated into Avira Realtime
Protection.

Avira Mail Protection
Mail Protection is the interface between your computer and the email server from which
your email program (email client) downloads emails. Mail Protection is connected as a
so-called proxy between the email program and the email server. All incoming emails
are routed through this proxy, scanned for viruses and unwanted programs and
forwarded to your email program. Depending on the configuration, the program
processes the affected emails automatically or asks the user for a certain action.

Avira Web Protection
When surfing the Internet, you are using your web browser to request data from a web
server. The data transferred from the web server (HTML files, script and image files,
Flash files, video and music streams, etc.) will normally be moved directly into the
browser cache for display in the web browser, meaning that an on-access scan as
performed by Avira Realtime Protection is not possible. This could allow viruses and
unwanted programs to access your computer system. Web Protection is what is known
as an HTTP proxy which monitors the ports used for data transfer (80, 8080, 3128) and
scans the transferred data for viruses and unwanted programs. Depending on the
configuration, the program may process the affected files automatically or prompt the
user for a specific action.

Avira FireWall:
Avira FireWall controls communication to and from your computer. It permits or denies
communications based on security policies.

Avira Rootkits Protection
Avira Rootkits Protection checks whether software is already installed on your computer
that can no longer be detected with conventional methods of malware protection after
penetrating the computer system.

Shell Extension
The Shell Extension generates an entry Scan selected files with Avira in the context
menu of the Windows Explorer (right-hand mouse button). With this entry you can
directly scan files or directories.
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Installation and uninstallation
3.8 Uninstallation
If you wish to remove the Avira product from your computer, you can use the option Add
or Remove Programs to Change/Remove programs in the Windows Control Panel.
To uninstall your Avira product (e.g. in Windows XP and Windows Vista):
Open the Control Panel via the Windows Start menu.
Double click on Programs (Windows XP: Software).
Select your Avira product in the list and click Remove.
You will be asked if you really want to remove the program.
Click Yes to confirm.
You will be asked if you want to re-enable Windows Firewall (the Avira FireWall
is disabled).
Click Yes to confirm.
All components of the program are removed.
Click Finish to complete uninstallation.
Where appropriate, a dialog box appears recommending that your computer be
restarted.
Click Yes to confirm.
The Avira product is now uninstalled and all directories, files and registry entries
for the program are deleted when your computer is restarted.
3.9 Installation and uninstallation on the network
To simplify installation of Avira products on a network of multiple client computers for the
system administrator, your Avira product has a special procedure for the initial installation
and the change installation.
For automatic installation, the setup program works with the control file setup.inf. The
setup program (presetup.exe) is contained in the program‟s installation package.
Installation is started with a script or batch file and all necessary information is obtained
from the control file. The script commands therefore replace the usual manual inputs
during installation.
Note
Please note that a license file is obligatory for initial installation on the network.
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Installation and uninstallation
Note
Please note that an installation package for the Avira product is required for
installation via a network. An installation file for Internet-based installation
cannot be used.
Avira products can be easily shared on the network with a server login script or via SMS.
For information on installation and uninstallation on the network:

see Chapter: Command line parameters for the setup program

see Chapter: Parameter of the file setup.inf

see Chapter: Installation on the network

see Chapter: Uninstallation on the network
Note
The Avira Management Console provides another easy option for the
installation and uninstallation of Avira products on the network. The Avira
Management Console enables the remote installation and maintenance of Avira
products on the network. For further information, please refer to our website.
http://www.avira.com
The installation can be script-controlled in batch mode.
The setup is suitable for the following installations:

Initial installation via the network (unattended setup)

Installation on single-user computers
Change installation and update
Note
We recommend that you test automatic installation before the installation
routine is implemented on the network.
Note
When installing on a server operating system, the Realtime Protection and the
files protection are not available.
To install Avira product on the network automatically:
You must have administrator rights (also required in batch mode)
Configure the parameter of the file setup.inf and save the file.
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Installation and uninstallation
Begin installation with the parameter /inf or integrate the parameter into the login
script of the server.
Example: presetup.exe /inf="c:\temp\setup.inf"
The installation starts automatically.
To uninstall Avira products on the network automatically:
You must have administrator rights (also required in batch mode)
Start the uninstallation with the parameter/remsilent or /remsilentaskreboot
or integrate the parameter into the login script of the server.
You can also specify the parameter for the uninstallation log.
Example: presetup.exe /remsilent
/unsetuplog="c:\logfiles\unsetup.log"
The uninstallation starts automatically.
Note
The setup program for the uninstallation should be started on the PC on which
the Avira product is to be uninstalled; do not start the setup program from a
network drive.
3.9.1 Command line parameters for the setup program
Note
Parameters containing paths or file names must be placed in double quotes
(Example: InstallPath="%PROGRAMFILES%\Avira\AntiVir Server\").
The following parameter is possible for installation:

/inf
The setup program starts with the script mentioned and retrieves all parameters
required.
Example: presetup.exe /inf="c:\temp\setup.inf"
The following parameters are possible for the uninstallation:

/remove
The setup program uninstalls the Avira product.
Example: presetup.exe /remove

/remsilent
The setup program uninstalls the Avira product without displaying dialogs. The
computer is restarted after uninstallation.
Example: presetup.exe /remsilent
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Installation and uninstallation

/remsilentaskreboot
The setup program uninstalls the Avira product without displaying dialogs and
requests a computer restart after uninstallation.
Example: presetup.exe /remsilentaskreboot
The following parameter is available as an option for the uninstallation log:

/unsetuplog
All actions during uninstallation are logged.
Example: presetup.exe /remsilent
/unsetuplog="c:\logfiles\unsetup.log"
In the control file setup.inf, you can set the following parameters in the [DATA] field for the
automatic installation of the Avira product. The sequence of the parameters is unimportant.
If a parameter setting is missing or wrong, the setup routine is aborted and an error
message is displayed.
Note
Parameters containing paths or file names must be placed in double quotes
(Example: InstallPath="%PROGRAMFILES%\Avira\AntiVir Server\").

DestinationPath
Destination path in which the program is installed. It has to be included to the script.
Please note that the setup includes company name and product name automatically.
Environment variables can be used.
Example: DestinationPath=%PROGRAMFILES%
produces the installation path C:\Program Files\Avira\AntiVir Desktop

ProgramGroup
Creates a program group for all users of the computer in the Windows Start menu.
1: Create program group
0: Do not create program group
Example: ProgramGroup=1

DesktopIcon
Creates a shortcut desktop icon for all users of the computer on the desktop.
1: Create desktop icon
0: Do not create desktop icon
Example: DesktopIcon=1

ShellExtension
Registers the shell extension in the registry. With the shell extension, files or
directories can be scanned for viruses and malware via the context menu of the righthand mouse button.
1: Register shell extension
0: Do not register shell extension
Example: ShellExtension=1
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
Guard
Installs the Avira Realtime Protection (on-access Scanner).
1: Install Avira Realtime Protection
0: Do not install Avira Realtime Protection
Example: Guard=1

MailScanner
Installs the Avira Mail Protection.
1: Install Avira Mail Protection
0: Do not install Avira Mail Protection
Example: MailScanner=1

KeyFile
Specifies the path for the license file that is copied during installation. For initial
installation: obligatory. The file name must be specified completely (fully qualified).
(For a change installation: optional.)
Example: KeyFile=D:\inst\license\hbedv.key

ShowReadMe
Displays the readme.txt file after installation.
1: Display file
0: Do not display file
Example: ShowReadMe=1

RestartWindows
Restarts the computer after installation. This entry has a higher priority than
ShowRestartMessage.
1: Restart computer
0: Do not restart computer
Example: RestartWindows=1

ShowRestartMessage
Displays information during the setup before carrying out an automatic restart.
0: Do not display information
1: Display information
Example: ShowRestartMessage=1

SetupMode
Not required for initial installation. The setup program knows if an initial installation
has been performed. Specifies the type of installation. If an installation is available
already, it has to be indicated in the SetupMode whether this installation is an
update only or a change installation (reconfiguration) or an uninstallation.
Update: Updates an existing installation. In this case configuration parameters, for
example Guard, are ignored.
Modify: Modifies (reconfigures) an existing installation. In the process no files are
copied into the destination path.
Remove: Uninstalls your Avira product from the system.
Example: SetupMode=Update
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
AVWinIni (optional)
Specifies the destination path for the configuration file that may be copied during
installation. The file name must be specified completely (fully qualified).
Example: AVWinIni=d:\inst\config\avwin.ini

Password
This option assigns the password that was set for the (modification) installation and
uninstallation to the setup routine. The entry is only scanned by the setup routine
when a password has been set. If a password has been set and the password
parameter is missing or wrong, the setup routine is aborted.
Example: Password=Password123

WebGuard
Installs the Avira Web Protection.
1: Install Avira Web Protection
0: Do not install Avira Web Protection
Example: WebGuard=1

RootKit
Installs the Avira Rootkits Protection module. Without Avira Rootkits Protection the
System Scanner will not be able to scan for rootkits on the system!
1: Install Avira Rootkits Protection
0: Do not install Avira Rootkits Protection
Example: RootKit=1

ProActiv
Installs the Avira ProActiv component. Avira ProActiv is a pattern-based detection
technology that enables as yet unknown malware to be detected.
1: Install ProActiv
0: Do not install ProActiv
Example: ProActiv=1

FireWall
Installs the Avira FireWall component. Avira FireWall monitors and controls the
incoming and outgoing data traffic on your computer system and protects your
computers from threats originating from the Internet or other network environments.
1: Install FireWall
0: Do not install FireWall
Example: FireWall=1
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Overview of Avira Professional Security
4. Overview of Avira Professional Security
This chapter contains an overview of the functionality and operation of your Avira product.

see Chapter Interface and operation

see Chapter How to...?
4.1 User interface and operation
You operate your Avira product via three program interface elements:

Control Center: monitoring and controlling the Avira product

Configuration: Configuring the Avira product

Tray Icon in the system tray of the taskbar: Opening the Control Center and other
functions
4.1.1 Control Center
The Control Center is designed to monitor the protection status of your computer systems
and control and operate the protection components and functions of your Avira product.
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The Control Center window is divided into three areas: The Menu bar, the Navigation bar
and the detail window Status:

Menu bar: In the Control Center menu bar, you can access general program functions
and information on the program.

Navigation area: In the navigation area, you can easily swap between the individual
sections of the Control Center. The individual sections contain information and functions
of the program components and are arranged in the navigation bar according to activity.
Example: Activity Local Protection - Section Realtime Protection.

Status: This window shows the section selected in the navigation area. Depending on
the section, you will find buttons to execute functions and actions in the upper bar of the
detail window. Data or data objects are displayed in lists in the individual sections. You
can sort the lists by clicking in the box defining how you wish to sort the list.
4.1.2 Starting and closing of Control Center
To start the Control Center the following options are available:

Double-click the program icon on your desktop

Via the program entry in the Start > Programs menu.

Via the Tray Icon of your Avira product.
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Close the Control Center via the menu command Close in the menu File or by clicking on
the close tab in the Control Center.
4.1.3 Operate Control Center
To navigate in the Control Center
Select an activity in the navigation bar.
The activity opens and other sections appear. The first section of the activity is
selected and displayed in the view.
If necessary, click another section to display this in the detail window.
Note
You can activate the keyboard navigation in the menu bar with the help of the
[Alt] key. If navigation is activated, you can move within the menu with the
arrow keys. With the Return key you activate the active menu item.
To open or close menus in the Control Center, or to navigate within the menus,
you can also use the following key combinations: [Alt] + underlined letter in the
menu or menu command. Hold down the [Alt] key if you want to access a
menu, a menu command or a submenu.
To process data or objects displayed in the detail window:
Highlight the data or object you wish to edit.
To highlight multiple elements (elements in columns), hold down the control key or
the shift key while selecting the elements.
Click the appropriate button in the upper bar of the detail window to edit the object.
4.1.4 Control Center overview

Status: In Status screen you will find all sections with which you can monitor the
functioning of your Avira product.
The Status section lets you see at a glance which program modules are active and
provides information on the last update performed. You can also see whether you
own a valid license.

Local protection: In Local protection you will find the components for checking the
files on your computer system for viruses and malware.
The Scan section enables you to easily configure and start an on-demand scan.
Predefined profiles enable you to run a scan with already adapted standard options.
In the same way it is possible to adapt the scan for viruses and unwanted programs
to your personal requirements with the help of manual selection (not saved) or by
creating user-defined profiles.
The Realtime Protection section displays information on scanned files, as well as
other statistical data, which can be reset at any time, and enables access to the
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report file. More detailed information on the last virus or unwanted program detected
can be obtained practically "at the push of a button".

Online protection: In Online protection you will find the components to protect your
computer system against viruses and malware from the Internet, and against
unauthorized network access.
The Mail Protection section shows you all the emails scanned by Mail Protection,
their properties and other statistical data.
The Web Protection section displays information on scanned URLs and detected
viruses, as well as other statistical data, which can be reset at any time and enables
access to the report file. More detailed information on the last virus or unwanted
program detected can be obtained practically "at the push of a button".
The FireWall section enables you to configure the basic settings for the Avira
FireWall. In addition, the current data transfer rate and all active applications using a
network connection are displayed.

Management: In Management you will find tools for isolating and managing suspicious
or infected files, and for planning recurring tasks.
The Quarantine section contains the so-called quarantine manager. This is the
central point for files already placed in quarantine or for suspect files that you would
like to place in quarantine. It is also possible to send a selected file to the Avira
Malware Research Center by email.
The Scheduler section enables you to configure scheduled scanning and update jobs
and to adapt or delete existing jobs.
4.1.5 Configuration
You can define settings for your Avira product in the Configuration. After installation, your
Avira product is configured with standard settings, ensuring optimal protection for your
computer system. However, your computer system or your specific requirements for your
Avira product may mean you need to adapt the protective components of the program.
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The Configuration opens a dialog box: You can save your configuration settings via the
OK or Apply buttons, delete your settings by clicking the Cancel button or restore your
default configuration settings using the Default values button. You can select individual
configuration sections in the left-hand navigation bar.
4.1.6 Accessing the Configuration
You have several options for accessing the configuration:

via the Windows control panel.

via the Windows Security Center - from Windows XP Service Pack 2.

via the Tray Icon of your Avira product.

in the Control Center via the menu item Extras > Configuration.

in the Control Center via the Configuration button.
Note
If you are accessing configuration via the Configuration button in the Control
Center, go to the Configuration register of the section which is active in the
Control Center. Expert mode must be activated to select individual
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configuration registers. In this case, a dialog appears asking you to activate
expert mode.
4.1.7 Configuration operation
Navigate in the configuration window as you would in Windows Explorer:
Click an entry in the tree structure to display this configuration section in the detail
window.
Click the plus symbol in front of an entry to expand the configuration section and
display configuration subsections in the tree structure.
To hide configuration subsections, click on the minus symbol in front of the
expanded configuration section.
Note
To enable or disable Configuration options and use the buttons, you can also
use the following key combinations: [Alt] + underlined letter in the option name
or button description.
Note
All configuration sections are only displayed in expert mode. Activate expert
mode to view all configuration sections. Expert mode can be protected by a
password that must be defined during activation.
If you want to confirm your Configuration settings:
Click OK.
The configuration window is closed and the settings are accepted.
- OR Click Accept.
The settings are applied. The configuration window remains open.
If you want to finish configuration without confirming your settings:
Click Cancel.
The configuration window is closed and the settings are discarded.
If you want to restore all configuration settings to default values:
Click Restore defaults.
All settings of the configuration are restored to default values. All amendments
and custom entries are lost when default settings are restored.
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4.1.8 Configuration profiles
You have the option of saving your configuration settings as configuration profiles. In the
configuration profile, i.e. of a configuration, all configuration options are saved in a group.
The configuration is displayed in the navigation bar as a node. You can add other
configurations to the default configuration. You also have the option of defining rules for
switching to a specific configuration:
When switching configuration using a rule-based procedure, the configuration can be
linked to the use of a LAN or Internet connection (identification via default gateway). In this
way, configuration profiles can be created for different laptop usage scenarios:

Use on company networks: Update via intranet server, Web Protection disabled

Use at home: Update via default Avira web server, Web Protection enabled
If no switching rules have been defined, you can switch to a configuration manually in the
context menu of the tray icon. You can add, rename, delete, copy or restore configurations
and define rules for switching configurations using the buttons in the navigation bar, or
using commands from the context menu in the configuration section.
Note
Automatic switching to another configuration is not supported in Windows 2000.
No rules for switching configurations can be defined in Windows 2000.
Overview of configuration options
The following configuration options are available:

System Scanner: Configuration of on-demand scan






Scan options
Action on detection
File scan options
On-demand scan exceptions
On-demand scan heuristics
Report function setting

Realtime Protection: Configuration of on-access scan





Scan options
Action on detection
On-access scan exceptions
On-access scan heuristics
Report function setting

Mail Protection: Configuration of Mail Protection

Scan options: Enable the monitoring of POP3 accounts, IMAP accounts, outgoing
emails (SMTP)
Actions on malware
Mail Protection scan heuristics
Mail Protection scan exceptions



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


Configuration of cache, empty cache
Configuration of a footer in sent emails
Report function setting

Web Protection: Configuration of Web Protection






Scan options, enabling and disabling the Web Protection
Action on detection
Blocked access: Unwanted file types and MIME types, Web filter for known unwanted
URLS (malware, phishing, etc.)
Web Protection scan exceptions: URLs, file types, MIME types
Web Protection heuristics
Report function setting

FireWall: Configuration of the FireWall





Adapter rule setting
User-defined application rule settings
List of trusted vendors (exceptions for network access by applications)
Expanded settings: Timeout for rules, lock Windows host file, stop Windows FireWall,
notifications
Popup settings (alerts for network access by applications)

General:




Configuration of email using SMTP
Extended risk categories for on-demand and on-access scan
Password protection for access to the Control Center and the Configuration
Security: Update status display, complete system scan status display, product
protection
WMI: Enable WMI support
Event log configuration
Configuration of report functions
Setting of directories used
Update: Configuration of connection to download server, download via Web server or
fileserver), set-up of product updates
Alerts: Configuration of email alerts for component(s):
System Scanner
Realtime Protection
Updater
Configuration of network alerts for the component(s) System Scanner, Realtime
Protection
Configuration of acoustic alerts when malware is detected







4.1.9 Tray icon
After installation, you will see the tray icon of your Avira product in the system tray of the
taskbar:
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Icon Description
Avira Realtime Protection is
enabled and the FireWall is enabled
Avira Realtime Protection is
disabled and the FireWall is
disabled
The tray icon displays the status of the Realtime Protection and the FireWall service.
Central functions of your Avira product can be quickly accessed via the context menu of
the tray icon. To open the context menu, click the tray icon with the right-hand mouse
button.
4.1.10 Entries in the context menu

Activate Avira Realtime Protection: Enables or disables the Avira Realtime
Protection.

Enable Avira Mail Protection:. Enables or disables the Avira Mail Protection.

Enable Avira Web Protection: Enables or disables the Avira Web Protection.

FireWall:



Enable FireWall: Enables or disables the FireWall
Block all traffic: Enabled: Blocks all data transfers except transfers to the host
computer system (Local Host/IP 127.0.0.1).
Enable game mode: Enables or disables the mode:
Enabled: When activated, all defined adapter and application rules apply.
Applications for which no rule is defined are permitted network access and no pop-up
window is opened.

Start Avira: Opens the Control Center.

Configure Avira: Opens the Configuration

Start update Starts an update.

Select configuration: Opens a submenu with the available configuration profiles. Click
on a configuration to activate this configuration. The menu command is disabled if you
have already defined rules for automatic switching to a configuration.

Help: opens the Online Help.

About Avira Professional Security: Opens a dialog box with information on your Avira
product: Product information, Version information, License information.

Avira on the Internet: Opens the Avira web portal on the Internet. The condition for this
is that you have an active connection to the Internet.
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4.2 How to...?
4.2.1 Activate license
To activate your Avira product’s license:
Activate your license for your Avira product with the license file hbedv.key. You can obtain
the license file by email from Avira. The license file contains the license for all products
that you have ordered in one order process.
If you have not yet installed your Avira product:
Save the license file to a local directory on your computer.
Install your Avira product.
During installation, enter the save location of the license file.
If you have already installed your Avira product:
Double-click the license file in File Manager or in the activation email and follow the
on-screen instructions when License Manager opens.
- OR In your Avira product‟s Control Center, select the menu item Help > Load license
file…
Note
In Windows Vista the User Account Control dialog box appears. Log in as
administrator if appropriate. Click Continue.
Highlight the license file and click Open.
A message appears.
Click OK to confirm.
The license is activated.
If necessary, restart your system.
4.2.2 Perform automatic updates
To create a job with the Avira Scheduler to update your Avira product automatically:
In the Control Center, select the section Administration > Scheduler.
Click the
Insert new job icon.
The dialog box Name and description of the job appears.
Give the job a name and, where appropriate, a description.
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Click Next.
The dialog box Type of job is displayed.
Select Update job from the list.
Click Next.
The dialog box Time of job appears.
Select a time for the update:






Immediately
Daily
Weekly
Interval
Single
Login
Note
We recommend regular and frequent updates. The recommended update
interval is: 60 minutes.
Where appropriate, specify a date according to the selection.
Where appropriate, select additional options (availability depends on type of job):


Repeat job if time has expired
Past jobs are performed that could not be performed at the required time, for
example because the computer was switched off.
Start job while connecting to the Internet connection (dial-up)
In addition to the defined frequency, the job is performed when an Internet
connection is set up.
Click Next.
The dialog box Select display mode appears.
Select the display mode of the job window:



Invisible: No job window
Minimize: progress bar only
Maximize: Entire job window
Click Finish.
Your newly created job appears on the start page of the Administration >
Scheduler section with the status enabled (check mark).
Where appropriate, deactivate jobs that are not to be performed.
Use the following icons to further define your jobs:
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View properties of a job
Edit job
Delete job
Start job
Stop job
4.2.3 Start a manual update
You have various options for starting an update manually: When an update is started
manually, the virus definition file and scan engine are always updated. A product update
can only take place if you have activated the option Download and install product
updates automatically in the configuration under PC protection > Update > Product
update
To start an update of your Avira product manually:
With the right-hand mouse button, click the Avira tray icon in the taskbar.
A context menu appears.
Select Start update.
The Updater dialog box appears.
- OR In the Control Center, select the section Overview > Status.
In the Last update field, click on the Start update link.
The Updater dialog box appears.
- OR In the Control Center, in the Update menu, select the menu command Start update.
The Updater dialog box appears.
Note
We recommend regular automatic updates. The recommended update interval
is: 60 minutes.
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Note
You can also carry out a manual update directly via the Windows security
center.
4.2.4 Using a scan profiles to scan for viruses and malware
A scan profile is a set of drives and directories to be scanned.
The following options are available for scanning via a scan profile:
Use predefined scan profile
If the predefined scan profile corresponds to your requirements.
Customize and apply scan profile (manual selection)
If you want to scan with a customized scan profile.
Create and apply new scan profile
If you want to create your own scan profile.
Depending on the operating system, various icons are available for starting a scan profile:

In Windows XP and 2000:
This icon starts the scan via a scan profile.

In Windows Vista:
In Microsoft Windows Vista, the Control Center only has limited rights at the moment,
e.g. for access to directories and files. Certain actions and file accesses can only be
performed in the Control Center with extended administrator rights. These extended
administrator rights must be granted at the start of each scan via a scan profile.

This icon starts a limited scan via a scan profile. Only directories and files that
Windows Vista has granted access rights to are scanned.

This icon starts the scan with extended administrator rights. After confirmation, all
directories and files in the selected scan profile are scanned.
To scan for viruses and malware with a scan profile:
Go to Control Center and select the section PC protection >System Scanner.
Predefined scan profiles appear.
Select one of the predefined scan profiles.
-ORAdapt the scan profile Manual selection.
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-ORCreate a new scan profile
Click the icon (Windows XP:
or Windows Vista:
).
The Luke Filewalker window appears and a system scan is started.
When the scan is completed, the results are displayed.
If you want to adapt a scan profile:
In the scan profile, expand Manual Selection the file tree so that all the drives and
directories you want to scan are open.


Click the + icon: The next directory level is displayed.
Click the - icon: The next directory level is hidden.
Highlight the nodes and directories you want to scan by clicking on the relevant box
of the appropriate directory level:
The following options are available for selecting directories:



Directory, including sub-directories (black check mark)
Sub-directories of one directory only (grey check mark, sub-directories have black
check marks)
No directory (no check mark)
If you want to create a new scan profile:
Click the icon
Create new profile.
The profile New profile appears below the profiles previously created.
Where appropriate, rename the scan profile by clicking on the icon
.
Highlight the nodes and directories to be saved by clicking the check box of the
respective directory level.
The following options are available for selecting directories:



Directory, including sub-directories (black check mark)
Sub-directories of one directory only (grey check mark, sub-directories have black
check marks)
No directory (no check mark)
4.2.5 Scan for viruses and malware using drag & drop
To scan for viruses and malware systematically using drag & drop:
The Control Center of your Avira product has been opened.
Highlight the file or directory you want to scan.
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Use the left-hand mouse button to drag the highlighted file or directory into the
Control Center.
The Luke Filewalker window appears and a system scan is started.
When the scan is completed, the results are displayed.
4.2.6 Scan for viruses and malware via the context menu
To scan for viruses and malware systematically via the context menu:
Click with the right-hand mouse button (e.g. in Windows Explorer, on the desktop or
in an open Windows directory) on the file or directory you want to scan.
The Windows Explorer context menu appears.
Select Scan selected files with Avira in the context menu.
The Luke Filewalker window appears and a system scan is started.
When the scan is completed, the results are displayed.
4.2.7 Automatically scan for viruses and malware
Note
After installation, the scan job Full system scan is created in the Scheduler: A
complete system scan is automatically performed at a recommended interval.
To create a job to automatically scan for viruses and malware:
In the Control Center, select the section Administration > Scheduler.
Click the icon
.
The dialog box Name and description of job appears.
Give the job a name and, where appropriate, a description.
Click Next.
The dialog box Type of job appears.
Select Scan job.
Click Next.
The dialog box Selection of the profile appears.
Select the profile to be scanned.
Click Next.
The dialog box Time of the job appears.
Select a time for the scan:

Immediately
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




Daily
Weekly
Interval
Single
Login
Where appropriate, specify a date according to the selection.
Where appropriate, select the following additional options (availability depends on job
type):
Repeat job if the time has already expired
Past jobs are performed that could not be performed at the required time, for example
because the computer was switched off.
Click Next.
The dialog box Selection of the display mode appears.
Select the display mode of the job window:



Invisible: No job window
Minimized: progress bar only
Maximized: Entire job window
Select the Shut down computer if job is done option if you want the computer to
shut down automatically when the scan is finished. This option is only available if the
display mode is set to minimized or maximized.
Click Finish.
Your newly created job appears on the start page of the Administration >
Scheduler section with the status enabled (check mark).
Where appropriate, deactivate jobs that are not to be performed.
Use the following icons to further define your jobs:
View properties of a job
Edit job
Delete job
Start job
Stop job
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4.2.8 Targeted scan for Rootkits and active malware
To scan for active rootkits, use the predefined scan profile Scan for Rootkits and active
malware.
To scan for active rootkits systematically:
Go to Control Center and select the section PC protection > System Scanner.
Predefined scan profiles appear.
Select the predefined scan profile Scan for Rootkits and active malware.
Where appropriate, highlight other nodes and directories to be scanned by clicking
the check box of the directory level.
Click the icon (Windows XP:
or Windows Vista:
).
The Luke Filewalker window appears and a system scan is started.
When the scan is completed, the results are displayed.
4.2.9 React to detected viruses and malware
For the individual protection components of your Avira product, you can define how your
Avira product reacts to a detected virus or unwanted program in the Configuration under
the section Action on detection.
No configurable action options are available for the ProActiv component of the Realtime
Protection: Notification of a detection is always given in the Realtime Protection:
Suspicious application behavior window.
Action options for the System Scanner:
Interactive
In interactive action mode, the results of the System Scanner scan are displayed in a
dialog box. This option is enabled as the default setting.
In the case of System Scanner scan, you will receive an alert with a list of the
affected files when the scan is complete. You can use the content-sensitive menu to
select an action to be executed for the various infected files. You can execute the
standard actions for all infected files or cancel the System Scanner.
Automatic
In automatic action mode, when a virus or unwanted program is detected the action
you selected in this area is executed automatically. If you enable the option Display
detection alerts, you will receive an alert whenever a virus is detected, indicating the
action performed.
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Action options for the Realtime Protection:
Interactive
In interactive action mode, data access is denied and a desktop notification is
displayed. In the desktop notification you can remove the malware detected or transfer
the malware to the System Scanner component using the Details button for further
virus management. The System Scanner opens a window containing notification of the
detection, which gives you various options for managing the affected file via a context
menu (see Detection > System Scanner):
Automatic
In automatic action mode, when a virus or unwanted program is detected, the action
you selected in this area is executed automatically. If you enable the option Display
detection alerts, you will receive a desktop notification whenever a virus is detected.
Action options for Mail Protection, Web Protection:
Interactive
In interactive action mode, if a virus or unwanted program is detected, a dialog box
appears in which you can select what to do with the infected object. This option is
enabled as the default setting.
Automatic
In automatic action mode, when a virus or unwanted program is detected the action
you selected in this area is executed automatically. If you enable the Show progress
bar option, you will receive an alert when a virus is detected. The alert will allow you to
confirm the action to be performed.
In interactive action mode, you can react to detected viruses and unwanted programs by
selecting an action for the infected object in the alert and executing the selected action by
clicking Confirm.
The following actions for handling infected objects are available for selection:
Note
Which actions are available for selection depends on the operating system, the
protection components (Avira Realtime Protection, Avira System Scanner, Avira
Mail Protection, Avira Web Protection) reporting the detection, and the type of
malware detected.
Actions of the System Scanner and the Realtime Protection (not ProActiv detections):
Repair
The file is repaired.
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This option is only available if the infected file can be repaired.
Rename
The file is renamed with a *.vir extension. Direct access to these files (e.g. with doubleclick) is therefore no longer possible. Files can be repaired and given their original
name at a later time.
Quarantine
The file is packaged into a special format (*.qua) and moved to the Quarantine
directory INFECTED on your hard disk, so that direct access is no longer possible.
Files in this directory can be repaired in Quarantine at a later data or, if necessary,
sent to Avira.
Delete
The file will be deleted. This process is much quicker than Overwrite and delete. If a
boot sector virus is detected, this can be deleted by deleting the boot sector. A new
boot sector is written.
Ignore
No further action is taken. The infected file remains active on your computer.
Overwrite and delete
The file is overwritten with a default template and then deleted. It cannot be restored.
Warning
This could result in loss of data and damage to the operating system! Only
select the Ignore option in exceptional cases.
Always ignore
Action option for Realtime Protection detections: No further action is taken by Realtime
Protection. Access to the file is permitted. All further access to this file is permitted and
no further notifications will be provided until the computer is restarted or the virus
definition file is updated.
Copy to quarantine
Action option for a rootkits detection: The detection is copied to quarantine.
Repair boot sector | Download repair tool
Action options when infected boot sectors are detected: A number of options are
available for repairing infected diskette drives. If your Avira product is unable to
perform the repair, you can download a special tool for detecting and removing boot
sector viruses.
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Note
If you carry out actions on running processes, the processes in question are
terminated before the actions are performed.
Actions of the Realtime Protection for detections made by the ProActiv component
(notification of suspicious actions of an application):
Trusted program
The application continues to run. The program is added to the list of permitted
applications and is excluded from monitoring by the ProActiv component. When
adding to the list of permitted applications, the monitoring type is set to Content. This
means that the application is only excluded from monitoring by the ProActiv
component if the content remains unchanged (see Configuration > Realtime Protection
> ProActiv > Application filter: Permitted applications).
Block program once
The application is blocked, i.e. the application is terminated. The actions of the
application continue to be monitored by the ProActiv component.
Always block this program
The application is blocked, i.e. the application is terminated. The program is added to
list of blocked applications and can no longer be run (see Configuration > Realtime
Protection > ProActiv > Application filter: Applications to be blocked).
Ignore
The application continues to run. The actions of the application continue to be
monitored by the ProActiv component.
Mail Protection actions: Incoming emails
Move to quarantine
The email including all attachments is moved to quarantine. The affected email is
deleted. The body of the text and any attachments of the email are replaced by a
default text.
Delete mail
The affected email is deleted. The body of the text and any attachments of the email
are replaced by a default text.
Delete attachment
The infected attachment is replaced by a default text. If the body of the email is
affected, it is deleted and also replaced by a default text. The email itself is delivered.
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Move attachment to quarantine
The infected attachment is placed in quarantine and then deleted (replaced by a
default text). The body of the email is delivered. The affected attachment can later be
delivered via the quarantine manager.
Ignore
The affected email is delivered.
Warning
This could allow viruses and unwanted programs to access your computer
system. Only select the Ignore option in exceptional cases. Disable the preview
in your mail client, never open any attachments with a double click!
Mail Protection actions: Outgoing emails
Move mail to quarantine (do not send)
The email, together with all attachments, is copied to Quarantine and is not sent. The
email remains in the outbox of your email client. You receive an error message in your
email program. All other emails sent from your email account will be scanned for
malware.
Block sending of mails (do not send)
The email is not sent and remains in the outbox of your email client. You receive an
error message in your email program. All other emails sent from your email account
will be scanned for malware.
Ignore
The affected email is sent.
Warning
Viruses and unwanted programs can penetrate the computer system of the
email recipient in this way.
Web Protection actions:
Deny access
The website requested from the web server and/or any data or files transferred are not
sent to your web browser. An error message to notify you that access has been denied
is displayed in the web browser.
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Move to quarantine
The website requested from the web server and/or any data or files transferred are
moved to quarantine. The affected file can be recovered from quarantine manager if it
has an informative value or - if necessary - sent to the Avira Malware Research
Center.
Ignore
The website requested from the web server and/or the data and files that were
transferred are forwarded on by Web Protection to your web browser.
Warning
This could allow viruses and unwanted programs to access your computer
system. Only select the Ignore option in exceptional cases.
Note
We recommend that you move any suspicious file that cannot be repaired to
quarantine.
Note
You can also send files reported by the heuristic to us for analysis.
For example, you can upload these files to our website:
http://www.avira.com/sample-upload
You can identify files reported by the heuristic from the designation HEUR/ or
HEURISTIC/ that prefixes the file name, e.g.: HEUR/testfile.*.
4.2.10 Handling quarantined files (*.qua)
To handle quarantined files:
In the Control Center, select the section Administration > Quarantine section.
Check which files are involved, so that, if necessary, you can reload the original back
onto your computer from another location.
If you want to see more information on a file:
Highlight the file and click on
.
The dialog box Properties appears with more information on the file.
If you want to rescan a file:
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Scanning a file is recommended if the virus definition file of your Avira product has been
updated and a false positive report is suspected. This enables you to confirm a false
positive with a rescan and restore the file.
Highlight the file and click on
.
The file is scanned for viruses and malware using the system scan settings.
After the scan, the dialog Rescan statistics appears which displays statistics on
the status of the file before and after the rescan.
To delete a file:
Highlight the file and click on
.
You have to confirm your choice with Yes.
If you want to upload the file to a Avira Malware Research Center web server for analysis:
Highlight the file you want to upload.
Click on
.
A dialog opens with a form for inputting your contact data.
Enter all the required data.
Select a type: Suspicious file or Suspicion of false positive.
Select a response format: HTML, Text, HTML & Text.
Click OK.
The file is uploaded to a Avira Malware Research Center web server in
compressed form.
Note
In the following cases, analysis by the Avira Malware Research Center is
recommended:
Heuristic hits (Suspicious file): During a scan, a file has been classified as
suspicious by your Avira product and moved to quarantine: Analysis of the file
by the Avira Malware Research Center has been recommended in the virus
detection dialog box or in the report file generated by the scan.
Suspicious file: You consider a file to be suspicious and have therefore moved
this file to quarantine, but a scan of the file for viruses and malware is negative.
Suspicion of false positive: You assume that a virus detection is a false
positive: Your Avira product reports a detection in a file, which is very unlikely to
have been infected by malware.
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Note
The size of the files you upload is limited to 20 MB uncompressed or 8 MB
compressed.
If you want to copy a quarantined object from quarantine to another directory:
Highlight the quarantined object and click on
.
The dialog Browse For Folder opens from which you can select a directory.
Select a directory where you want to save a copy of the quarantined object and
confirm your selection.
The selected quarantined object is saved to the selected directory.
Note
The quarantined object is not identical to the restored file. The quarantined
object is encrypted and cannot be executed or read in its original format.
If you want to export the properties of a quarantined object to a text file:
Highlight the quarantined object and click on
.
The text file quarantaene - Notepad opens containing the data from the selected
quarantined object.
Save the text file.
You can also restore the files in quarantine (see Chapter: Quarantine: Restoring files in
quarantine).
4.2.11 Restore the files in quarantine
Different icons control the restore procedure, depending on the operating system:


In Windows XP and 2000:

This icon restores the files to their original directory.

This icon restores the files to a directory of your choice.
In Windows Vista:
In Microsoft Windows Vista, the Control Center only has limited rights at the moment,
e.g. for access to directories and files. Certain actions and file accesses can only be
performed in the Control Center with extended administrator rights. These extended
administrator rights must be granted at the start of each scan via a scan profile.

This icon restores the files to a directory of your choice.
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
This icon restores the files to their original directory. If extended administrator
rights are necessary to access this directory, a corresponding request appears.
To restore files in quarantine:
Warning
This could result in loss of data and damage to the operating system of the
computer! Only use the function Restore selected object in exceptional cases.
Only restore files that could be repaired by a new scan.
File rescanned and repaired.
In the Control Center, select the section Administration > Quarantine section.
Note
Emails and email attachments can only be restored using the option
file extension is *.eml.
if the
To restore a file to its original location:
Highlight the file and click the icon (Windows 2000/XP:
, Windows Vista
).
This option is not available for emails.
Note
Emails and email attachments can only be restored using the option
file extension is *.eml.
if the
A message appears asking if you want to restore the file.
Click Yes.
The file is restored to the directory it was in before it was moved to quarantine.
To restore a file to a specified directory:
Highlight the file and click on
.
A message appears asking if you want to restore the file.
Click Yes.
The Windows default window Save As for selecting the directory appears.
Select the directory to restore the file to and confirm.
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The file is restored to the selected directory.
4.2.12 Move suspicious files to quarantine
To move a suspect file to quarantine manually:
In the Control Center, select the section Administration > Quarantine section.
Click on
.
The Windows default window for selecting a file appears.
Select the file and confirm with Open.
The file is moved to quarantine.
You can scan files in quarantine with the Avira System Scanner (see Chapter: Quarantine:
Handling quarantined files (*.qua)).
4.2.13 Scan profile: Amend or delete file type in a scan profile
To stipulate additional file types to be scanned or exclude specific file types from the scan
in a scan profile (only possible for manual selection and customized scan profiles):
In the Control Center, go to the PC protection > System Scanner section.
With the right-hand mouse button, click on the scan profile you want to edit.
A context menu appears.
Select File filter.
Expand the context menu further by clicking on the small triangle on the right-hand
side of the context menu.
The entries Default, Scan all files and User-defined appear.
Select User-defined.
The File extensions dialog box appears with a list of all file types to be scanned
with the scan profile.
If you want to exclude a file type from the scan:
Highlight the file type and click Delete.
If you want to add a file type to the scan:
Highlight a file type.
Click Insert and enter the file extension of file type into the input box.
Use a maximum of 10 characters and do not enter the leading dot. Wildcards (*
and ? ) are allowed.
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4.2.14 Create desktop shortcut for scan profile
You can start a system scan directly from your desktop via a desktop shortcut to a scan
profile without accessing your Avira product‟s Control Center.
To create a desktop shortcut to the scan profile:
In the Control Center, go to the PC protection > System Scanner section.
Select the scan profile for which you want to create a shortcut.
Click the icon
.
The desktop shortcut is created.
4.2.15 Filter events
Events that have been generated by program components of your Avira product are
displayed in the Control Center under Administration > Events (analogous to the event
display of your Windows operating system). The program components, in alphabetical
order, are the following:

FireWall

Helper Service

Mail Protection

Realtime Protection

Scheduler

System Scanner

Updater

Web Protection
The following event types are displayed:

Information

Warning

Error

Detection
To filter displayed events:
In the Control Center, select the section Administration > Events.
Check the box of the program components to display the events of the activated
components.
- OR -
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Uncheck the box of the program components to hide the events of the deactivated
components.
Check the event type box to display these events.
- OR Uncheck the event type box to hide these events.
4.2.16 Exclude email addresses from scan
To define which email addresses (senders) are excluded from the Mail Protection scan
(white listing):
Go to Control Center and select the section Internet protection > Mail Protection.
The list shows incoming emails.
Highlight the email you want to exclude from the Mail Protection scan.
Click the icon to exclude the email from the Mail Protection scan:

The selected email address will no longer be scanned for viruses and unwanted
programs.
The email sender address is included in the exclusion list and no longer scanned
for viruses, malware .
Warning
Only exclude email addresses from the Mail Protection scan if the senders are
completely trustworthy.
Note
In the Configuration, under Mail Protection > General > Exceptions, you can
add other email addresses to the exclusion list or remove email addresses from
the exclusion list.
4.2.17 Select the security level for the FireWall
There are various security levels to choose from. Depending on which you choose, you
have different adapter rule configuration options.
The following security levels are available:
Low
Flooding and port scan are detected.
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Medium
Suspicious TCP and UDP packages are discarded.
Flooding and port scan are prevented.
High
Computer is not visible on the network.
Connections from outside are blocked.
Flooding and port scan are prevented.
User
User-defined rules: If this security level is selected, the program automatically
recognizes that the adapter rules have been modified.
Note
The default security level setting for all predefined rules of the Avira FireWall is
Medium.
To define the security level for the FireWall:
Go to the Control Center and select the section Internet protection > FireWall.
Move the slider to the required security level.
The selected security level is applied immediately.
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System Scanner
5. System Scanner
With the System Scanner component, you can carry out targeted scans (on-demand
scans) for viruses and unwanted programs. The following options are available for
scanning for infected files:

System scan via context menu
The system scan via the context menu (right-hand mouse button - entry Scan selected
files with Avira) is recommended if, for example, you wish to scan individual files and
directories. Another advantage is that it is not necessary to first start the Control Center
for a system scan via the context menu.

System scan via drag & drop
When a file or directory is dragged into the program window of the Control Center, the
System Scanner scans the file or directory and all sub-directories it contains. This
procedure is recommended if you wish to scan individual files and directories that you
have saved, for example, on your desktop.

System scan via profiles
This procedure is recommended if you wish to regularly scan certain directories and
drives (e.g. your work directory or drives on which you regularly store new files). You do
not then need to select these directories and drives again for every new scan, you
simply select using the relevant profile. See System scan via profiles.

System scan via the Scheduler
The Scheduler enables you to carry out time-controlled scans. See System scan via the
Scheduler.
Special processes are required when scanning for rootkits, boot sector viruses, and when
scanning active processes. The following options are available:

Scan for rootkits via the scan profile Scan for Rootkits and active malware

Scan active processes via the scan profile Active processes

Scan for boot sector viruses via the menu command Boot records scan... in the menu
Extras
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Updates
6. Updates
The effectiveness of anti-virus software depends on how up-to-date the program is, in
particular the virus definition file and the scan engine. To carry out regular updates, the
Updater component is integrated into your Avira product. The Updater ensures that your
Avira product is always up-to-date and able to deal with the new viruses that appear every
day. Updater updates the following components:

Virus definition file:
The virus definition file contains the virus patterns of the harmful programs which are
used by your Avira product to scan for viruses and malware and repair infected
objects.

Scan engine:
The scan engine contains the methods used by your Avira product to scan for viruses
and malware.

Program files (product update):
Update packages for product updates make extra functions available to the individual
program components.
An update checks whether the virus definition file and scan engine are up-to-date and if
necessary implements an update. Depending on the settings in the configuration, the
Updater also carries out a product update or informs you of the product updates available.
After a product update, you may have to restart your computer system. If only the virus
definition file and scan engine are updated, the computer does not have to be restarted.
Note
For security reasons, the Updater checks whether the Windows hosts file of
your computer was altered, whether the Update URL, for example, was
manipulated by malware and is diverting the Updater to unwanted download
sites. If the Windows hosts file has been manipulated, this is shown in the
Updater report file.
An update is automatically performed in the following interval: 60 minutes. You can edit or
disable the automatic update through the configuration (Configuration > Update).
In the Control Center under Scheduler, you can create additional update jobs that are
performed by Updater at the specified intervals. You also have the option to start an
update manually:

in the Control Center: in the Update menu and in the Status section

via the context menu of the tray icon
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Updates
Updates can be obtained from the Internet via a proprietary web server or via a web or file
server on an intranet which downloads the update files from the Internet and makes them
available to other computers on the network. This is useful if you want to update Avira
products on more than one computer in a network. A download server on an intranet can
be used to ensure Avira products are up-to-date on the protected computers using a
minimum of resources. To set up a functioning download server on an intranet, you need a
server that is compatible with the update structure of your Avira product.
Note
You can use Avira Update Manager (file server or web server in Windows) as a
web server or file server in the intranet. Avira Update Manager mirrors the
download servers of Avira products and can be obtained from the Avira website
on the Internet.
http://www.avira.com
When a web server is used, the HTTP protocol is used for the download. When using a file
server, access to the update file is provided via the network. You can configure the
connection to the web server or file server in the Configuration under General > Update.
The default configuration uses the existing Internet connection as the connection to the
Avira web servers.
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Firewall
7. Firewall
Avira FireWall monitors and regulates incoming and outgoing data traffic on your computer
system and protects you from a wide range of attacks and threats from the Internet:
Incoming or outgoing data traffic or listening to ports will be allowed or denied based on
security guidelines. You will receive a desktop notification if Avira FireWall denies network
activity and thus blocks network connections. The following options are available for Avira
FireWall settings:
by setting a security level in the Control Center
You can define a security level in the Control Center. The low, medium and high
security levels each contain several complementary security rules based on packet
filters. These security rules are saved as predefined adapter rules in the Configuration
under FireWall > Adapter rules
by saving actions in the Network event window
When an application first tries to create a network or Internet connection, the Network
Event popup window appears. The Network Event window allows the user to choose
whether the network activity of the application is allowed or denied. If the Save Action
for this application option is enabled, the action is created as an application rule and
is saved in the configuration under FireWall > Application Rules. Saving the actions
in the Network event window gives you a set of rules for the network activities of
applications.
Note
For applications from trusted vendors, network access is allowed by default
unless an adapter rule prohibits network access. You have the option of
removing providers from the list of trusted vendors.
by creating adapter and application rules in the Configuration
You can alter predefined adapter rules or create new adapter rules in the
Configuration. The security level of the FireWall is automatically set to the value User if
you add or change adapter rules.
Application rules allow you to define monitoring rules specified for applications:
You can use simple application rules to define whether all network activities of a
software application are to be denied or allowed or whether they are to be handled by
means of the Network Event popup window.
In the advanced configuration of the Application rules setting you can define different
packet filters for an application, which are executed as specified application rules.
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8. FAQ, Tips
This chapter contains important information on troubleshooting and further tips on using
your Avira product.

see Chapter Help in case of a problem

see Chapter Shortcuts

see Chapter Windows Security Center
8.1 Help in case of a problem
Here you will find information on causes and solutions of possible problems.

The error message The license file cannot be opened appears.

The error message Connection failed while downloading the file ... appears when
attempting to start an update.

Viruses and malware cannot be moved or deleted.

The status of the tray icon is disabled.

The computer is extremely slow when I perform a data back-up.

My firewall reports Avira Realtime Protection and Avira Mail Protection immediately after
activation.

AviraMail Protection does not work.

There is no network connection available in a virtual machine (e.g. VMWare, Virtual PC,
...) if Avira FireWall is installed on the host machine and the security level of Avira FireWall
is set to medium or high.

Virtual Private Network (VPN) Connection is blocked, if the security level of Avira FireWall
is set to medium or high.

An email sent via a TSL connection has been blocked by Mail Protection.

Webchat is not operational: Chat messages will not be displayed
The error message The license file cannot be opened appears.
Reason: The file is encrypted.
To activate the license, you do not need to open the file, but rather you save it in the
program directory. See also Chapter License Manager.
The error message Connection failed while downloading the file ... appears when
attempting to start an update.
Reason: Your Internet connection is inactive. No connection to the web server on the
Internet can therefore be established.
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Test whether other Internet services such as WWW or email work. If not, re-establish
the Internet connection.
Reason: The proxy server cannot be reached.
Check whether the login for the proxy server has changed and adapt it to your
configuration if necessary.
Reason: The update.exe file is not fully approved by your personal firewall.
Ensure that the update.exe file is fully approved by your personal firewall.
Otherwise:
Check your settings in the Configuration (expert mode) under General > Update Your
settings.
Viruses and malware cannot be moved or deleted.
Reason: The file was loaded by windows and is active.
Update your Avira product.
If you use the Windows XP operating system, deactivate System Restore.
Start the computer in Safe Mode.
Start the Avira product and the Configuration (expert mode).
Select System Scanner > Scan > Files > All files and confirm the window with OK.
Start a scan of all local drives.
Start the computer in Normal Mode.
Carry out a scan in Normal Mode.
If no other viruses or malware have been found, activate System Restore if it is
available and to be used.
The status of the tray icon is disabled.
Reason: Avira Realtime Protection is disabled.
In the Control Center in the section Status in the Avira Realtime Protection area, click
on the Enable button.
Reason: Avira Realtime Protection is blocked by a firewall.
Define a general approval for Avira Realtime Protection in the configuration of your
firewall. Avira Realtime Protection only works with the address 127.0.0.1 (localhost).
An Internet connection is not established. The same applies to Avira Mail Protection.
Otherwise:
Check the startup type of the Avira Realtime Protection service. If necessary, enable
the service: In the taskbar, select Start > Settings > Control Panel. Start the
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configuration panel Services with a double-click (under Windows 2000 and Windows
XP the services applet is located in the sub-directory Administrative Tools). Find the
entry Avira Realtime Protection. Automatic must be entered as the startup type and
Started as the status. If necessary, start the service manually by selecting the
relevant line and the button Start. If an error message appears, please check the
event display.
The computer is extremely slow when I perform a data back-up.
Reason: During the backup procedure, Avira Realtime Protection scans all files being used
by the backup procedure.
Select Realtime Protection > Scan > Exceptions in the Configuration (expert mode)
and enter the process names of the back-up software.
My firewall reports Avira Realtime Protection and Avira Mail Protection immediately
after activation.
Reason: Communication with Avira Realtime Protection and Avira Mail Protection occurs
via the TCP/IP Internet protocol. A firewall monitors all connections via this protocol.
Define a general approval for Avira Realtime Protection and Avira Mail Protection.
Avira Realtime Protection only works with the address 127.0.0.1 (localhost). An
Internet connection is not established. The same applies to Avira Mail Protection.
Avira Mail Protection does not work.
Please check correct functioning of Avira Realtime Protection with the aid of the following
checklists if problems occur with Avira Mail Protection.
Checklist
Check whether your mail client logs in on the server via Kerberos, APOP or RPA.
These verification methods are currently not supported.
Check whether your mail client reports to the server through SSL (also often called
TSL – Transport Layer Security). Avira Mail Protection does not support SSL and
therefore terminates any encrypted SSL connections. If you want to use encrypted
SSL connections without having them protected by Mail Protection, you will have to
use a port that is not monitored by Mail Protection for the connection. The ports
monitored by Mail Protection can be configured in the configuration under Mail
Protection > Scan.
Is the Avira Mail Protection service active? If necessary, enable the service: In the
taskbar, select "Start > Settings > Control Panel". Start the configuration panel
"Services" with a double-click (under Windows 2000 and Windows XP the services
applet is located in the sub-directory "Administrative Tools"). Find the entry Avira Mail
Protection. "Automatic" must be entered as the startup type and "Started" as the
status. If necessary, start the service manually by selecting the relevant line and the
button "Start". If an error message appears, please check the event display. If this is
not successful, you may have to completely uninstall the Avira product via "Start >
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Settings > Control Panel > Add or Remove Programs", restart the computer and then
reinstall your Avira product.
General
POP3 connections encrypted via SSL (Secure Sockets Layer, also frequently referred to
as TLS (Transport Layer Security)) cannot currently be protected and are ignored.
Verification to the mail server is currently only supported via "passwords". "Kerberos" and
"RPA" are not currently supported.
Your AntiVir program does not check outgoing emails for viruses and unwanted programs.
Note
We recommend regularly installing Microsoft updates to close any gaps in
security.
There is no network connection available in a virtual machine (e.g. VMWare, Virtual PC,
...) if Avira FireWall is installed on the host machine and the security level of Avira
FireWall is set to medium or high.
If Avira FireWall is installed on a computer on which a virtual machine (for example
VMWare, virtual PC, etc.) is also running, the Avira FireWall will block all network
connections for the virtual machine when the security level of the Avira FireWall is set to
medium or high. If the security level is set to low, the FireWall works as expected.
Reason: The virtual machine emulates a network card by means of software. This
emulation encapsulates the data packages of the guest system in special packages (UDP
packages) and routes them via the external gateway back to the host system. Avira
FireWall rejects these packages coming from outside, starting from security level medium.
To avoid this behavior do the following:
Go to Control Center and select the section Online protection > FireWall.
Click the Configuration button.
The Configuration dialog box is displayed. You are in the configuration section
Application rules.
Activate the Expert mode option.
Select the configuration section Adapter rules.
Click add rule.
Select UDP in the section Incoming rules.
Type the name of the rule in the Section Name of the rule.
Click OK.
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Check if the rule is directly above the rule Deny all IP packets.
Warning
This rule is potentially dangerous because it will allow UDP packets without any
filtering! After working with the virtual machine change to your previous security
level.
Virtual Private Network (VPN) Connection is blocked, if the security level of Avira
FireWall is set to medium or high.
Reason: This problem is caused by the last rule Deny all IP packets which discards all
packets that do not comply with any of the rules above it. The type of packages dispatched
by the VPN software (so-called GRE packets) do not fit into the other categories and
therefore they are filtered by this rule.
Replace the rule Deny all IP packets with two new rules which will deny the TCP and
UPD packets. In this way there is the possibility to allow packets of other protocols.
An email sent via a TSL connection has been blocked by Mail Protection.
Reason: Transport Layer Security (TLS: encryption protocol for data transfers on the
Internet) is not supported by Mail Protection at this time. The following options are
available for sending the email:
Use a different port from port 25, which is used by SMTP. This will bypass monitoring
by Mail Protection.
Turn off the TSL encrypted connection and disable TSL support in your email client.
Disable (temporarily) monitoring of outgoing emails by Mail Protection in the
configuration under Mail Protection > Scan.
Webchat is not operational: Chat messages are not displayed; data are being loaded in
the browser.
This phenomenon may occur during chats, which are based on the HTTP protocol with
'transfer-encoding= chunked‟.
Reason: Web Protection checks the data sent completely for viruses and undesired
programs first of all, before the data are loaded into the web browser. During a data
transfer with „transfer-encoding= chunked‟, Web Protection cannot determine the message
length or the data volume.
Enter the configuration of the URL of the web chats as an exception (see
Configuration: Web Protection > Exceptions).
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8.2 Shortcuts
Keyboard commands - also called shortcuts - offer a fast possibility to navigate through the
program, to retrieve individual modules and to start actions.
Below we provide you with an overview of the available keyboard commands. Please find
further indications regarding the functionality in the corresponding chapter of the help.
8.2.1 In dialog boxes
Shortcut
Description
Ctrl + Tab
Ctrl + Page down
Navigation in the Control Center
Go to next section.
Ctrl + Shift + Tab
Ctrl + Page up
Navigation in the Control Center
Go to previous section.
←↑→↓
Navigation in the configuration sections
First, use the mouse to set the focus on a configuration section.
Tab
Change to the next option or options group.
Shift + Tab
Change to the previous option or options group.
←↑→↓
Change between the options in a marked drop-down list or
between several options in a group of options.
Space
Activate or deactivate a check box, if the active option is a
check box.
Alt + underlined
letter
Select option or start command.
Alt + ↓
Open selected drop-down list.
F4
Esc
Close selected drop-down list.
Cancel command and close dialog.
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Enter
Start command for the active option or button.
8.2.2 In the help
Shortcut
Description
Alt + Space
Display system menu.
Alt + Tab
Shift between the help and the other opened windows.
Alt + F4
Close help.
Shift + F10
Display context menu of the help.
Ctrl + Tab
Go to next section in the navigation window.
Ctrl + Shift + Tab
Go to previous section in the navigation window.
Page up
Change to the subject, which is displayed above in the contents, in
the index or in the list of the search results.
Page down
Change to the subject, which is displayed below the current subject
in the contents, in the index or in the list of the search results.
Page up
Page down
Browse through a subject.
8.2.3 In the Control Center
General
Shortcut
Description
F1
Display help
Alt + F4
Close Control Center
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F5
Refresh
F8
Open configuration
F9
Start update
Scan section
Shortcut
Description
F2
Rename selected profile
F3
Start scan with the selected profile
F4
Create desktop link for the selected profile
Ins
Create new profile
Del
Delete selected profile
FireWall section
Shortcut
Description
Return
Properties
Quarantine section
Shortcut
Description
F2
Rescan object
F3
Restore object
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F4
Send object
F6
Restore object to...
Return
Properties
Ins
Add file
Del
Delete object
Scheduler section
Shortcut
Description
F2
Edit job
Return
Properties
Ins
Insert new job
Del
Delete job
Reports section
Shortcut
Description
F3
Display report file
F4
Print report file
Return
Display report
Del
Delete report(s)
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Events section
Shortcut
Description
F3
Export event(s)
Return
Show event
Del
Delete event(s)
8.3 Windows Security Center
- Windows XP Service Pack 2 or higher -
8.3.1 General
The Windows Security Center checks the status of a computer for important security
aspects.
If a problem is detected with one of these important points (e.g. an outdated anti-virus
program), the Security Center issues an alert and gives recommendations on how to
protect your computer better.
8.3.2 The Windows Security Center and your Avira product
FireWall
You may receive the following information from the Security Center with regard to your
firewall:

Firewall ACTIVE / Firewall on

Firewall INACTIVE / Firewall off
Firewall ACTIVE / Firewall on
After installing your Avira product and turning off Windows Firewall, you will receive the
following message:
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Firewall INACTIVE / Firewall off
You will receive the following message as soon as you disable the Avira FireWall:
Note
You can enable or disable the Avira FireWall via the Status tab in the Control
Center.
Warning
If you turn the Avira FireWall off, your computer is no longer prevented by
unauthorized users from gaining access to it through a network or the Internet.
Virus protection software / Protection against malicious software
You may receive the following information from the Windows Security Center with regard
to your virus protection:

Virus protection NOT FOUND

Virus protection OUT OF DATE

Virus protection ON

Virus protection OFF

Virus protection NOT MONITORED
Virus protection NOT FOUND
This information of the Windows Security Center appears when the Windows Security
Center has not found any anti-virus software on your computer.
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Note
Install your Avira product on your computer to protect it against viruses and
other unwanted programs!
Virus protection OUT OF DATE
If you have already installed Windows XP Service Pack 2 or Windows Vista and then
install your Avira product or you install Windows XP Service Pack 2 or Windows Vista on a
system on which your Avira product has already been installed, you will receive the
following message:
Note
In order for the Windows Security Center to recognize your Avira product as upto-date, an update must be performed after installation. Update your system by
carrying out an update.
Virus protection ON
After installation of your Avira product and a subsequent update, you will receive the
following message:
Your Avira product is now up-to-date and the Avira Realtime Protection is enabled.
Virus protection OFF
You receive the following message if you disable the Avira Realtime Protection or stop the
Realtime Protection service.
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Note
You can enable or disabled Avira Realtime Protection in the Overview > Status
section of the Control Center. You can also see that the Avira Realtime
Protection is enabled if the red umbrella in your taskbar is open.
Virus protection NOT MONITORED
If you receive the following message from the Windows Security Center, you have decided
that you want to monitor your anti-virus software yourself.
Note
This function is not supported by Windows Vista.
Note
The Windows Security Center is supported by your Avira product. You can
enable this option at any time via the Recommendations button.
Note
Even if you have installed Windows XP Service Pack 2 or Windows Vista, you
still require a virus protection solution. Although Windows XP Service Pack 2
monitors your anti-virus software, it does not contain any anti-virus functions
itself. Therefore you would not be protected against viruses and other malware
without an additional anti-virus solution!
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9. Viruses and more
9.1 Threat categories
Adware
Adware is software that presents banner ads or in pop-up windows through a bar that
appears on a computer screen. These advertisements usually cannot be removed and are
consequently always visible. The connection data allow many conclusions on the usage
behavior and are problematic in terms of data security.
Your Avira product detects Adware. If the Adware option is enabled with a check mark in
the configuration under Threat categories, you receive a corresponding alert if your Avira
product detects adware.
Adware/Spyware
Software that displays advertising or software that sends the user‟s personal data to a third
party, often without their knowledge or consent, and for this reason may be unwanted.
Your Avira product recognizes "Adware/Spyware". If the option Adware/Spyware is
enabled with a check mark in the configuration under Threat categories, you receive a
corresponding alert if your Avira product detects adware or spyware.
Application
The term APPL, respectively application, refers to an application which may involve a risk
when used or is of dubious origin.
Your Avira product recognizes "Application (APPL)". If the option Application is enabled
with a check mark in the configuration under Threat categories, you receive a
corresponding alert if your Avira product detects such behavior.
Backdoor Clients
In order to steal data or manipulate computers, a backdoor server program is smuggled in
unknown to the user. This program can be controlled by a third party using backdoor
control software (client) via the Internet or a network.
Your Avira product recognizes "Backdoor control software". If the Backdoor control
software option is enabled with a check mark in the configuration under Threat categories,
you receive a corresponding alert if your Avira product detects such software.
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Dialer
Certain services available in the Internet have to be paid for. They are invoiced in
Germany via dialers with 0190/0900 numbers (or via 09x0 numbers in Austria and
Switzerland; in Germany, the number is set to change to 09x0 in the medium term). Once
installed on the computer, these programs guarantee a connection via a suitable premium
rate number whose scale of charges can vary widely.
The marketing of online content via your telephone bill is legal and can be of advantage to
the user. Genuine dialers leave no room for doubt that they are used deliberately and
intentionally by the user. They are only installed on the user‟s computer subject to the
user‟s consent, which must be given via a completely unambiguous and clearly visible
labeling or request. The dial-up process of genuine dialers is clearly displayed. Moreover,
genuine dialers tell you the incurred costs exactly and unmistakably.
Unfortunately there are also dialers which install themselves on computers unnoticed, by
dubious means or even with deceptive intent. For example they replace the Internet user‟s
default data communication link to the ISP (Internet Service Provider) and dial a costincurring and often horrendously expensive 0190/0900 number every time a connection is
made. The affected user will probably not notice until his next phone bill that an unwanted
0190/0900 dialer program on his computer has dialed a premium rate number with every
connection, resulting in dramatically increased costs.
We recommend that you ask your telephone provider to block this number range directly
for immediate protection against undesired dialers (0190/0900 dialers).
Your Avira product can detect the familiar dialers by default.
If the option Dialers is enabled with a check mark in the configuration under Threat
categories, you receive a corresponding alert if a dialer is detected. You can now simply
delete the potentially unwanted 0190/0900 dialer. However, if it is a wanted dial-up
program, you can declare it an exceptional file and this file is then no longer scanned in
future.
Double Extension Files
Executable files that hide their real file extension in a suspicious way. This camouflage
method is often used by malware.
Your Avira product recognizes "Double Extension Files". If the option Double Extension
files is enabled with a check mark in the configuration under Threat categories, you
receive a corresponding alert if your Avira product detects such files.
Fraudulent software
Also known as "scareware" or "rogueware", it is a fraudulent software that pretends that
your computer is infected by viruses or malware. This software looks deceptively similar to
professional antivirus software but is meant to raise uncertainty or to scare the user. Its
purpose is to make the victims feel threatened of imminent (unreal) danger and to make
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them pay to eliminate it. There are also cases when the victims are lead to believe they
were attacked and they are instructed to carry out an action, which in reality is the real
attack.
Your Avira product detects scareware. If the option Fraudulent software is enabled with a
check mark in the configuration Threat categories, you receive a corresponding alert if
your Avira product detects such files.
Games
There is a place for computer games - but it is not necessarily at work (except perhaps in
the lunch hour). Nevertheless, with the wealth of games downloadable from the Internet, a
fair bit of mine sweeping and Patience playing goes on among company employees and
civil servants. You can download a whole array of games via the Internet. Email games
have also become more popular: numerous variants are circulating, ranging from simple
chess to "fleet exercises" (including torpedo combats): The corresponding moves are sent
to partners via email programs, who answer them.
Studies have shown that the number of working hours devoted to computer games has
long reached economically significant proportions. It is therefore not surprising that more
and more companies are considering ways of banning computer games from workplace
computers.
Your Avira product recognizes computer games. If the Games option is enabled with a
check mark in the configuration under Threat categories, you receive a corresponding alert
if your Avira product detects a game. The game is now over in the truest sense of the
word, because you can simply delete it.
Jokes
Jokes are merely intended to give someone a fright or provide general amusement without
causing harm or reproducing. When a joke program is loaded, the computer will usually
start at some point to play a tune or display something unusual on the screen. Examples of
jokes are the washing machine in the disk drive (DRAIN.COM) or the screen eater
(BUGSRES.COM).
But beware! All symptoms of joke programs may also originate from a virus or Trojan. At
the very least users will get quite a shock or be thrown into such a panic that they
themselves may cause real damage.
Thanks to the extension of its scanning and identification routines, your Avira product is
able to detect joke programs and eliminate them as unwanted programs if required. If the
option Jokes is enabled with a check mark in the configuration under Threat categories, a
corresponding alert is issued if a joke program is detected.
Phishing
Phishing, also known as "brand spoofing" is a clever form of data theft aimed at customers
or potential customers of Internet service providers, banks, online banking services,
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registration authorities.
When submitting your email address on the Internet, filling in online forms, accessing
newsgroups or websites, your data can be stolen by "Internet crawling spiders" and then
used without your permission to commit fraud or other crimes.
Your Avira product recognizes "Phishing". If the option Phishing is enabled with a check
mark in the configuration under Threat categories, you receive a corresponding alert if
your Avira product detects such behavior.
Programs that violate the private domain
Software that may be able to compromise the security of your system, initiate unwanted
program activities, damage your privacy or spy on your user behavior and could therefore
be unwanted.
Your Avira product detects "Security Privacy Risk" software. If the option Programs that
violate the private domain is enabled with a check mark in the configuration under
Threat categories, you receive a corresponding alert if your Avira product detects such
software.
Unusual Runtime Packers
Files that have been compressed with an unusual runtime packer and that can therefore
be classified as potentially suspicious.
Your Avira product recognizes "Unusual runtime packers". If the option Unusual runtime
packers is enabled with a check mark in the configuration under Threat categories, you
receive a corresponding alert if your Avira product detects such packers.
9.2 Viruses and other malware
Adware
Adware is software that presents banner ads or in pop-up windows through a bar that
appears on a computer screen. These advertisements usually cannot be removed and are
consequently always visible. The connection data allow many conclusions on the usage
behavior and are problematic in terms of data security.
Backdoors
A backdoor can gain access to a computer by bypassing the computer access security
mechanisms.
A program that is being executed in the background generally enables the attacker almost
unlimited rights. User's personal data can be spied with the backdoor's help.. But are
mainly used to install further computer viruses or worms on the relevant system.
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Boot viruses
The boot or master boot sector of hard disks is mainly infected by boot sector viruses.
They overwrite important information necessary for the system execution. One of the
awkward consequences: the computer system cannot be loaded any more…
Bot-Net
A bot-net is defined as a remote network of PCs (on the Internet) that is composed of bots
that communicate with each other. A bot-net can comprise a collection of cracked
machines running programs (usually referred to as worms, Trojans) under a common
command and control infrastructure. Bot-nets serve various purposes, including denial-ofservice attacks etc., usually without the affected PC user's knowledge. The main potential
of bot-nets is that the networks can achieve grow to thousands of computers and their total
bandwidth exceeds most conventional Internet accesses.
Exploit
An exploit (security gap) is a computer program or script that takes advantage of a bug,
glitch or vulnerability leading to privilege escalation or denial of service on a computer
system. One form of exploitation for example is an attack from the Internet with the help of
manipulated data packages. Programs can be infiltrated in order to obtain higher access.
Fraudulent software
Also known as "scareware" or "rogueware", it is a fraudulent software that pretends that
your computer is infected by viruses or malware. This software looks deceptively similar to
professional Antivirus software but is meant to raise uncertainty or to scare the user. Its
purpose is to make the victims feel threatened of imminent (unreal) danger and to make
them pay to eliminate it. There are also cases when the victims are lead to believe they
were attacked and they are instructed to carry out an action, which in reality is the real
attack.
Hoaxes
For several years, Internet and other network users have received alerts about viruses that
are purportedly spread via email. These alerts are spread via email with the request that
they should be sent to the highest possible number of colleagues and to other users, in
order to warn everyone against the "danger".
Honeypot
A honeypot is a service (program or server) installed in a network. Its function is to monitor
a network and log attacks. This service is unknown to the legitimate user - because of this
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reason he is never addressed. If an attacker examines a network for the weak points and
uses the services which are offered by a honeypot, it is logged and an alert is triggered.
Macro viruses
Macroviruses are small programs that are written in the macro language of an application
(e.g. WordBasic under WinWord 6.0) and that can normally only spread within documents
of this application. Because of this, they are also called document viruses. In order to be
active, they need that the corresponding applications are activated and that one of the
infected macros has been executed. Unlike "normal" viruses, macro viruses consequently
do not attack executable files but they do attack the documents of the corresponding host
application.
Pharming
Pharming is a manipulation of the host file of web browsers to divert enquiries to spoofed
websites. This is a further development of classic phishing. Pharming fraudsters operate
their own large server farms on which fake websites are stored. Pharming has established
itself as an umbrella term for various types of DNS attacks. In the case of a manipulation
of the host file, a specific manipulation of a system is carried out with the aid of a Trojan or
virus. The result is that the system can now only access fake websites, even if the correct
web address is entered.
Phishing
Phishing means angling for personal details of the Internet user. Phishers generally send
their victims apparently official letters such as emails that are intended to induce them to
reveal confidential information to the culprits in good faith, in particular user names and
passwords or PINs and TANs of online banking accounts. With the stolen access details,
the phishers can assume the identities of the victims and carry out transactions in their
name. What is clear is that: banks and insurance companies never ask for credit card
numbers, PINs, TANs or other access details by email, SMS or telephone.
Polymorph viruses
Polymorph viruses are the real masters of disguise. They change their own programming
codes - and are therefore very hard to detect.
Program viruses
A computer virus is a program that is capable of attaching itself to other programs after
being executed and cause an infection. Viruses multiply themselves unlike logic bombs
and Trojans. In contrast to a worm, a virus always requires a program as host, where the
virus deposits its virulent code. The program execution of the host itself is not changed as
a rule.
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Rootkits
A rootkit is a collection of software tools that are installed after a computer system has
been infiltrated to conceal logins of the infiltrator, hide processes and record data generally speaking: to make themselves invisible. They attempt to update already installed
spy programs and reinstall deleted spyware.
Script viruses and worms
Such viruses are extremely easy to program and they can spread - if the required
technology is on hand - within a few hours via email round the globe.
Script viruses and worms use one of the script languages, such as Javascript, VBScript
etc., to insert themselves in other, new scripts or to spread themselves by calling operating
system functions. This frequently happens via email or through the exchange of files
(documents).
A worm is a program that multiplies itself but that does not infect the host. Worms cannot
consequently form part of other program sequences. Worms are often the only possibility
to infiltrate any kind of damaging programs on systems with restrictive security measures.
Spyware
Spyware are so called spy programs that intercept or take partial control of a computer's
operation without the user's informed consent. Spyware is designed to exploit infected
computers for commercial gain.
Trojan horses (short Trojans)
Trojans are pretty common nowadays. Trojans include programs that pretend to have a
particular function, but that show their real image after execution and carry out a different
function that, in most cases, is destructive. Trojan horses cannot multiply themselves,
which differentiates them from viruses and worms. Most of them have an interesting name
(SEX.EXE or STARTME.EXE) with the intention to induce the user to start the Trojan.
Immediately after execution they become active and can, for example, format the hard
disk. A dropper is a special form of Trojan that 'drops' viruses, i.e. embeds viruses on the
computer system.
Zombie
A zombie PC is a computer that is infected with malware programs and that enables
hackers to abuse computers via remote control for criminal purposes. On command, the
affected PC starts denial-of-service (DoS) attacks, for example, or sends spam and
phishing emails.
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Info and Service
10.
Info and Service
This chapter contains information on how to contact us.

see Chapter Contact address

see Chapter Technical support

see Chapter Suspicious files

see Chapter Report false positives

see Chapter Your feedback for more security
10.1 Contact address
If you have any questions or requests concerning the Avira product range, we will be
pleased to help you. For our contact addresses, please refer to the Control Center under
Help > About Avira Professional Security.
10.2 Technical support
Avira support provides reliable assistance in answering your questions or solving a
technical problem.
All necessary information on our comprehensive support service can be obtained from our
website:
http://www.avira.com/professional-support
So that we can provide you with fast, reliable help, you should have the following
information ready:

License information. You can find the program interface under the menu item Help >
About Avira Professional Security > License information. See License information.

Version information. You can find the program interface under the menu item Help >
About Avira Professional Security > Version information. See Version information.

Operating system version and any Service Packs installed.

Installed software packages, e.g. anti-virus software of other vendors.

Exact messages of the program or of the report file.
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10.3 Suspicious file
Viruses that may not yet be detected or removed by our products or suspect files can be
sent to us. We provide you with several ways of doing this.

Identify the file in the quarantine manager of the Control Center and select the item
Send file via the context menu or the corresponding button.

Send the required file packed (WinZIP, PKZip, Arj etc.) in the attachment of an email to
the following address:
[email protected]
As some email gateways work with anti-virus software, you should also provide the
file(s) with a password (please remember to tell us the password).

You can also send us the suspicious file via our website: http://www.avira.com/sampleupload
10.4 Reporting false positives
If you believe that your Avira product is reporting a detection in a file that is most likely
"clean", send the relevant file packed (WinZIP, PKZip, Arj etc.) as an email attachment to
the following address:
[email protected]
As some email gateways work with anti-virus software, you should also provide the file(s)
with a password (please remember to tell us the password).
10.5 Your feedback for more security
At Avira, our customers‟ security is paramount. For this reason, we don't just have an inhouse expert team that tests the quality and security of every Avira solution before the
product is released. We also attach great importance to the indications regarding security
relevant gaps that could develop and we treat those seriously.
If you think you have detected a security gap in one of our products, please send us an
email to the following address:
[email protected]
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11.
Reference: Configuration options
The configuration reference documents all available configuration options.
11.1 System Scanner
The System Scanner section of configuration is responsible for the configuration of the
on-demand scan. (Options available in expert mode only.)
11.1.1 Scan
You can define the behavior of the on-demand scan routine (options available in expert
mode only). If you select certain directories to be scanned, depending on the configuration,
the System Scanner scans:

with a certain scanning priority,

also boot sectors and main memory,

all or selected files in the directory.
Files
The System Scanner can use a filter to scan only those files with a certain extension
(type).
All files
If this option is enabled, all files are scanned for viruses or unwanted programs,
irrespective of their content and file extension. The filter is not used.
Note
If All files is enabled, the button File extensions cannot be selected.
Use smart extensions
If this option is enabled, the selection of the files scanned for viruses or unwanted
programs is automatically chosen by the program. This means that your Avira program
decides whether the files are scanned or not based on their content. This procedure is
somewhat slower than Use file extension list, but more secure, since not only on the
basis of the file extension is scanned. This option is enabled as the default setting and
is recommended.
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Note
If Use smart extensions is enabled, the button File extensions cannot be
selected.
Use file extension list
If this option is enabled, only files with a specified extension are scanned. All file types
that may contain viruses and unwanted programs are preset. The list can be edited
manually via the button "File extension".
Note
If this option is enabled and you have deleted all entries from the list with file
extensions, this is indicated with the text "No file extensions" under the button
File extensions.
File extensions
With the aid of this button, a dialog box is opened in which all file extensions are
displayed that are scanned in "Use file extension list" mode. Default entries are set
for the extensions, but entries can be added or deleted.
Note
Please note that the default list may vary from version to version.
Additional settings
Scan boot sectors of selected drives
If this option is enabled, the System Scanner scans the boot sectors of the drives
selected for the system scan. This option is enabled as the default setting.
Scan master boot sectors
If this option is enabled, the System Scanner scans the master boot sectors of the
hard disk(s) used in the system.
Ignore offline files
If this option is enabled, the direct scan ignores so-called offline files completely during
a scan. This means that these files are not scanned for viruses and unwanted
programs. Offline files are files that were physically moved by a so-called Hierarchical
Storage Management System (HSMS) from the hard disk onto a tape, for example.
This option is enabled as the default setting.
Integrity checking of system files
When this option is enabled, the most important Windows system files are subjected to
a particularly secure check for changes by malware during every on-demand scan. If
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an amended file is detected, this is reported as suspect. This function uses a lot of
computer capacity. That is why the option is disabled as the default setting.
Note
This option is only available with Windows Vista and higher. The option is not
available if you are managing the Avira program under AMC.
Note
This option should not be used if you are using third-party tools that modify
system files and adapt the boot or start screen to your own requirements.
Examples of such tools are skinpacks, TuneUp utilities or Vista Customization.
Optimized scan
When the option is enabled, the processor capacity is optimally utilized during a
System Scanner scan. For performance reasons, an optimized scan is only logged on
standard level.
Note
This option is only available on multi-processor systems. If your Avira program
is managed with AMC, the option is always displayed and can be enabled: If the
managed system does not have more than one processor, the System Scanner
option is not used.
Follow symbolic links
If this option is enabled, System Scanner performs a scan that follows all symbolic
links in the scan profile or selected directory and scans the linked files for viruses and
malware.
Note
The option does not include any shortcuts, but refers exclusively to symbolic
links (generated by mklink.exe) or Junction Points (generated by junction.exe)
that are transparent in the file system.
Search for Rootkits before scan
If this option is enabled and a scan is started, the System Scanner scans the Windows
system directory for active rootkits in a so-called shortcut. This process does not scan
your computer for active rootkits as comprehensively as the scan profile "Scan for
rootkits", but it is significantly quicker to perform.
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Note
The rootkits scan is not available for Windows XP 64 bit !
Scan Registry
If this option is enabled, the Registry is scanned for references to malware.
Ignore files and paths on network drives
If this option is enabled, network drives connected to the computer are excluded from
the on-demand scan. This option is recommended when the servers or other
workstations are themselves protected with anti-virus software. This option is disabled
as the default setting.
Scan process
Allow stopping the Scanner
If this option is enabled, the scan for viruses or unwanted programs can be terminated
at any time with the button "Stop" in the "Luke Filewalker" window. If you have
disabled this setting, the Stop button in the "Luke Filewalker" window has a gray
background. Premature ending of a scan process is thus not possible! This option is
enabled as the default setting.
Scanner priority
With the on-demand scan, the System Scanner distinguishes between priority levels.
This is only effective if several processes are running simultaneously on the
workstation. The selection affects the scanning speed.
low
The System Scanner is only allocated processor time by the operating system, if no
other process requires computation time, i.e. as long as only the System Scanner is
running, the speed is maximum. All in all, work with other programs is optimal: The
computer responds more quickly if other programs require computation time while the
System Scanner continues running in the background.
normal
The System Scanner is executed with normal priority. All processes are allocated the
same amount of processor time by the operating system. This option is enabled as the
default setting and is recommended. Under certain circumstances, work with other
applications may be affected.
high
The System Scanner has the highest priority. Simultaneous work with other
applications is almost impossible. However, the System Scanner completes its scan at
maximum speed.
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Action on detection
You can define the actions to be performed by System Scanner when a virus or unwanted
program is detected. (Options available in expert mode only.)
Interactive
If this option is enabled, the results of the System Scanner scan are displayed in a
dialog box. When carrying out a scan with the System Scanner, you will receive an
alert with a list of the affected files at the end of the scan. You can use the contentsensitive menu to select an action to be executed for the various infected files. You
can execute the standard actions for all infected files or cancel the System Scanner.
Note
In the System Scanner dialog, the action Quarantine is displayed as the default
action.
Permitted actions
In this box actions can be specified, which can be selected in individual or expert
notification mode in case of a virus detection. You must activate the corresponding
options for this.
Repair
The System Scanner repairs the infected file if possible.
Rename
The System Scanner renames the file. Direct access to these files (e.g. with doubleclick) is therefore no longer possible. The file can be repaired at a later time and
renamed again.
Quarantine
The System Scanner moves the file to Quarantine. The file can be recovered from
quarantine manager if it has an informative value or - if necessary - sent to the Avira
Malware Research Center. Depending on the file, further selection options are
available in the quarantine manager.
Delete
The file will be deleted. This process is much faster than "overwrite and delete".
Ignore
The file is to be ignored.
Overwrite and delete
The System Scanner overwrites the file with a default pattern and then deletes it. It
cannot be restored.
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Default
The button is used to define a default action by the System Scanner to handle the files
encountered. Highlight an action and click the "Default" button. Only the selected
default action for the relevant files can be executed in combined notification mode. The
selected default action for the relevant files is preselected in individual and expert
notification mode.
Note
The action repair cannot be selected as the default action.
Note
If you have selected Delete or Overwrite and delete as the default action and
wish to set the notification mode to combined, please note the following: In the
case of heuristic hits, the affected files are not deleted, but are instead moved to
quarantine.
Automatic
If this option is enabled, no dialog box in case of a virus detection appears. The
System Scanner reacts according to the settings you predefine in this section as
primary and secondary action.
Copy file to quarantine before action
If this option is enabled, the System Scanner creates a backup copy before carrying
out the requested primary or secondary action. The back-up copy is saved in
Quarantine, where the file can be restored if it is of informative value. You can also
send the backup copy to the Avira Malware Research Center for further investigation.
Display detection alerts
If this option is activated, then for each detection of a virus or unwanted program an
alert appears showing the actions being executed.
Primary action
Primary action is the action performed when the System Scanner finds a virus or an
unwanted program. If the option "Repair" is selected but the affected file cannot be
repaired, the action selected under "Secondary action" is performed.
Note
The option Secondary action can only be selected if the setting Repair was
selected under Primary action.
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Repair
If this option is enabled, the System Scanner repairs affected files automatically. If the
System Scanner cannot repair an affected file, it carries out the action selected under
Secondary action.
Note
An automatic repair is recommended, but means that the System Scanner
modifies files on the workstation.
Rename
If this option is enabled, the System Scanner renames the file. Direct access to these
files (e.g. with double-click) is therefore no longer possible. Files can later be repaired
and given their original names again.
Quarantine
If this option is enabled, the System Scanner moves the file to the quarantine. These
files can later be repaired or - if necessary - sent to the Avira Malware Research
Center.
Delete
If this option is enabled, the file is deleted. This process is much faster than "overwrite
and delete".
Ignore
If this option is enabled, access to the file is allowed and the file is left as it is.
Warning
The affected file remains active on your workstation! It may cause serious
damage on your workstation!
Overwrite and delete
If this option is enabled, the System Scanner overwrites the file with a default pattern
and then deletes it. It cannot be restored.
Secondary action
The option "Secondary action" can only be selected if the setting Repair was
selected under "Primary action". With this option it can now be decided what is to be
done with the affected file if it cannot be repaired.
Rename
If this option is enabled, the System Scanner renames the file. Direct access to these
files (e.g. with double-click) is therefore no longer possible. Files can later be repaired
and given their original names again.
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Quarantine
If this option is enabled, the System Scanner moves the file to Quarantine. These files
can later be repaired or - if necessary - sent to the Avira Malware Research Center.
Delete
If this option is enabled, the file is deleted. This process is much faster than "overwrite
and delete".
Ignore
If this option is enabled, access to the file is allowed and the file is left as it is.
Warning
The affected file remains active on your workstation! It may cause serious
damage on your workstation!
Overwrite and delete
If this option is enabled, the System Scanner overwrites the file with a default pattern
and then deletes (wipes) it. It cannot be restored.
Note
If you have selected Delete or Overwrite and delete as the primary or
secondary action, you should note the following: In the case of heuristic hits, the
affected files are not deleted, but are instead moved to quarantine.
Further actions
Launch program following detection
After the on-demand scan, the System Scanner can open a file of your choice if at least
one virus or unwanted program has been detected, for example an email program, so that
you can inform other users or the administrator. (Options available in expert mode only.)
Note
For security reasons it is only possible to start a program after a detection when
a user is logged on the computer. The file is then opened with the rights that
apply to the logged on user. If no user is logged on, this option is not performed.
Program name
In this input box you can enter the name and the relevant path of the program that the
System Scanner should start after a detection.
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This button opens a window in which you can select the desired program with the aid
of the file selection dialog.
Arguments
In this input box you can enter command line parameters for the program to be started
if necessary.
Event log
Use event log
If this option is enabled, an event report with the results of the scan is transferred to
the Windows Event Log after a System Scanner scan has been completed. The
events can be called up in the Windows Event Viewer. The option is disabled as the
default setting. (Option available in expert mode only.)
Archives
When scanning archives, the System Scanner uses a recursive scan: Archives in archives
are also unpacked and scanned for viruses and unwanted programs. The files are
scanned, decompressed and scanned again. (Options available in expert mode only.)
Scan archives
If this option is enabled, the selected archives in the archive list are scanned. This
option is enabled as the default setting.
All archive types
If this option is enabled, all archive types in the archive list are selected and scanned.
Smart Extensions
If this option is enabled, the System Scanner detects whether a file is a packed file
format (archive), even if the file extension differs from the usual extensions, and scans
the archive. However every file must be opened for this, which reduces the scanning
speed. Example: If a *.zip archive has the file extension *.xyz, the System Scanner
also unpacks this archive and scans it. This option is enabled as the default setting.
Note
Only those archive types marked in the archive list are supported.
Limit recursion depth
Unpacking and scanning recursive archives can require a great deal of computer time
and resources. If this option is enabled, you limit the depth of the scan in multi-packed
archives to a certain number of packing levels (maximum recursion depth). This saves
time and computer resources.
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Note
In order to find a virus or an unwanted program in an archive, the System
Scanner must scan up to the recursion level in which the virus or the unwanted
program is located.
Maximum recursion depth
In order to enter the maximum recursion depth, the option Limit recursion depth must
be enabled.
You can either enter the requested recursion depth directly or by means of the right
arrow key on the entry field. The permitted values are 1 to 99. The standard value is
20 which is recommended.
Default values
The button restores the pre-defined values for scanning archives.
Archives
In this display area you can set which archives the System Scanner should scan. For
this, you must select the relevant entries.
Exceptions
File objects to be omitted for the System Scanner (Options available in expert mode only.)
The list in this window contains files and paths that should not be included by the System
Scanner in the scan for viruses or unwanted programs.
Please enter as few exceptions as possible here and really only files that, for whatever
reason, should not be included in a normal scan. We recommend that you always scan
these files for viruses or unwanted programs before they are included in this list!
Note
The entries in the list must not result in more than 6000 characters in total.
Warning
These files are not included in a scan!
Note
The files included in this list are recorded in the report file. Please check the
report file from time to time for unscanned files, as perhaps the reason you
excluded a file here no longer exists. In this case you should remove the name
of this file from this list again.
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Input box
In this input box you can enter the name of the file object that is not included in the ondemand scan. No file object is entered as the default setting.
The button opens a window in which you can select the required file or the required
path.
When you have entered a file name with its complete path, only this file is not scanned
for infection. If you have entered a file name without a path, all files with this name
(irrespective of the path or drive) are not scanned.
Add
With this button, you can add the file object entered in the input box to the display
window.
Delete
The button deletes a selected entry from the list. This button is inactive if no entry is
selected.
Note
If you add a complete partition to the list of the file objects, only those files that
are saved directly under the partition will be excluded from the scan, which does
not apply to files in sub-directories on the corresponding partition:
Example: File object to be skipped: D:\ = D:\file.txt will be excluded
from the scan of the System Scanner, D:\folder\file.txt will not be
excluded from the scan.
Note
If you are managing the Avira program in AMC, you can use variables in the
path details for file exceptions. You can find a list of variables you can use
under Variables: Realtime Protection und System Scanner Exceptions.
Heuristic
This configuration section contains the settings for the heuristic of the scan
engine. (Options available in expert mode only.)
Avira products contain very powerful heuristics that can proactively uncover unknown
malware, i.e. before a special virus signature to combat the damaging element has been
created and before a virus guard update has been sent. Virus detection involves an
extensive analysis and investigation of the affected codes for functions typical of malware.
If the code being scanned exhibits these characteristic features, it is reported as being
suspicious. This does not necessarily mean that the code is in fact malware. False
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positives do sometimes occur. The decision on how to handle affected code is to be made
by the user, e.g. based on his or her knowledge of whether the source of the code is
trustworthy or not.
Macrovirus heuristic
Macrovirus heuristic
Your Avira product contains a highly powerful macrovirus heuristic. If this option is
enabled, all macros in the relevant document are deleted in the event of a repair,
alternatively suspect documents are only reported, i.e. you receive an alert. This
option is enabled as the default setting and is recommended.
Advanced Heuristic Analysis and Detection (AHeAD)
enable AHeAD
Your Avira program contains a very powerful heuristic in the form of Avira AHeAD
technology, which can also detect unknown (new) malware. If this option is enabled,
you can define how "aggressive" this heuristic should be. This option is enabled as the
default setting.
Low detection level
If this option is enabled, slightly less unknown malware is detected, the risk of false
alerts is low in this case.
Medium detection level
This option is enabled as the default setting if you have selected the use of this
heuristic.
High detection level
If this option is enabled, significantly more unknown malware is detected, but there are
also likely to be false positives.
11.1.2 Report
The System Scanner has a comprehensive reporting function. You thus obtain precise
information on the results of an on-demand scan. The report file contains all entries of the
system as well as alerts and messages of the on-demand scan. (Options available in
expert mode only.)
Note
To be able to establish what actions the System Scanner has performed, when
viruses or unwanted programs have been detected, you should activate the
report file in the expert-mode configuration.
Reporting
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Off
If this option is enabled, the System Scanner does not report the actions and results of
the on-demand scan.
Default
When this option is activated, the System Scanner logs the names of the files
concerned with their path. In addition, the configuration for the current scan, version
information and information on the licensee is written in the report file.
Extended
When this option is activated, the System Scanner logs alerts and tips in addition to
the default information.
Complete
When this option is activated, the System Scanner also logs all scanned files. In
addition, all files involved as well as alerts and tips are included in the report file.
Note
If you have to send us a report file at any time (for troubleshooting), please
create this report file in this mode.
11.2 Realtime Protection
The Realtime Protection section of the configuration is responsible for the configuration
of the on-access scan. (Options available in expert mode only.)
11.2.1 Scan
You will normally want to monitor your system constantly. To this end, use the Realtime
Protection (= on-access System Scanner). You can thus scan all files that are copied or
opened on the computer "on the fly", for viruses and unwanted programs. (Options
available in expert mode only.)
Files
The Realtime Protection can use a filter to scan only those files with a certain extension
(type).
All files
If this option is enabled, all files are scanned for viruses or unwanted programs,
irrespective of their content and their file extension.
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Note
If All files is enabled, the File extensions button cannot be selected.
Use smart extensions
If this option is enabled, the selection of the files scanned for viruses or unwanted
programs is automatically chosen by the program. This means that the program
decides whether the files are scanned or not based on their content. This procedure is
somewhat slower than Use file extension list, but more secure, since not only on the
basis of the file extension is scanned.
Note
If Use smart extensions is enabled, the File extensions button cannot be
selected.
Use file extension list
If this option is enabled, only files with a specified extension are scanned. All file types
that may contain viruses and unwanted programs are preset. The list can be edited
manually via the "File extensions" button. This option is enabled as the default
setting and is recommended.
Note
If this option is enabled and you have deleted all entries from the list with file
extensions, this is indicated with the text "No file extensions" under the File
extensions button.
File extensions
With the aid of this button, a dialog box is opened in which all file extensions are
displayed that are scanned in "Use file extension list" mode. Default entries are set
for the extensions, but entries can be added or deleted.
Note
Please note that the file extension list may vary from version to version.
Scan mode
Here the time for scanning of a file is defined.
Scan when reading
If this option is enabled, the Realtime Protection scans the files before they are read or
executed by the application or the operating system.
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Scan when writing
If this option is enabled, the Realtime Protection scans a file when writing. You can
only access the file again after this process has been completed.
Scan when reading and writing
If this option is enabled, the Realtime Protection scans files before opening, reading
and executing and after writing. This option is enabled as the default setting and is
recommended.
Drives
Monitor network drives
If this option is enabled, files on network drives (mapped drives) such as server
volumes, peer drives etc., are scanned.
Note
In order not to reduce the performance of your computer too much, the option
Monitor network drives should only be enabled in exceptional cases.
Warning
If this option is disabled, the network drives are not monitored. They are no
longer protected against viruses or unwanted programs!
Note
When files are executed on network drives, they are scanned by the Realtime
Protection irrespective of the setting for the Monitor network drives option. In
some cases files on network drives are scanned while being opened, even
though the Monitor network drives option is disabled. Reason: These files are
accessed with „Execute File‟ rights. If you want to exclude these files or even
executed files on network drives from scanning by the Realtime Protection,
enter the files in the list of file objects to be excluded (see: Realtime Protection
> Scan > Exceptions).
Enable caching
If this option is enabled, monitored files on network drives will be made available in the
Realtime Protection's cache. Monitoring of network drives without the caching function
is more secure, but does not perform as well as the monitoring of network drives with
caching.
Archives
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Scan archives
If this option is enabled, then archives will be scanned. Compressed files are scanned,
then decompressed and scanned again. This option is deactivated by default. The
archive scan is restricted by the recursion depth, the number of files to be scanned
and the archive size. You can set the maximum recursion depth, the number of files to
be scanned and the maximum archive size.
Note
This option is deactivated by default, since the process puts heavy demands on
the computer's performance. It is generally recommended that archives be
checked using an on-demand scan.
Max. recursion depth
When scanning archives, the Realtime Protection uses a recursive scan: Archives in
archives are also unpacked and scanned for viruses and unwanted programs. You can
define the recursion depth. The default value for the recursion depth is 1 and is
recommended: all files that are directly located in the main archive are scanned.
Max. number of files
When scanning archives, you can restrict the scan to a maximum number of files in
the archive. The default value for the maximum number of files to be scanned is 10
and is recommended.
Max. size (KB)
When scanning archives, you can restrict the scan to a maximum archive size to be
unpacked. The standard value of 1000 KB is recommended.
Action on detection
You can define the actions to be performed by Realtime Protection when a virus or
unwanted program is detected. (Options available in expert mode only.)
Interactive
If this option is enabled, a desktop notification appears when Realtime Protection
detects a virus or unwanted program. You have the option of removing the detected
malware or accessing other possible virus treatment actions via the "Details" button.
The actions are displayed in a dialog box. This option is enabled as the default setting.
Permitted actions
In this display box you can specify the virus management actions that should be
available as further actions in the dialog box. You must activate the corresponding
options for this.
Repair
Realtime Protection repairs the infected file if possible.
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Rename
Realtime Protection renames the file. Direct access to these files (e.g. with doubleclick) is therefore no longer possible. The file can be repaired at a later time and
renamed again.
Quarantine
Realtime Protection moves the file to Quarantine. The file can be recovered from
Quarantine manager if it has an informative value or - if necessary - sent to the Avira
Malware Research Center. Depending on the file, further options are available in the
Quarantine manager.
Delete
The file will be deleted. This process is much faster than Overwrite and delete (see
below).
Ignore
Access to the file is permitted and the file is ignored.
Overwrite and delete
Realtime Protection overwrites the file with a default pattern before deleting it. It
cannot be restored.
Warning
If Realtime Protection is set to Scan when writing, the affected file is not
written.
Default
This button allows you to select an action that is activated in the dialog box by default
when a virus is detected. Select the action that should be activated by default and click
on the "Default" button.
Note
The action Repair cannot be selected as the default action.
Click here for more information.
Automatic
If this option is enabled, no dialog box in case of a virus detection appears. Realtime
Protection reacts according to the settings you predefine in this section as primary and
secondary action.
Copy file to quarantine before action
If this option is enabled, the Realtime Protection creates a backup copy before
carrying out the requested primary or secondary action. The backup copy is saved in
quarantine. It can be restored via the Quarantine manager if it is of informative value.
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You can also send the backup copy to the Avira Malware Research Center.
Depending on the object, more selection options are available in the Quarantine
manager.
Display detection alerts
If this option is enabled, then for each detection of a virus or unwanted program an
alert appears.
Primary action
Primary action is the action performed when the Realtime Protection finds a virus or an
unwanted program. If the "Repair" option is selected but the affected file cannot be
repaired, the action selected under "Secondary action" is performed.
Note
The Secondary action option can only be selected if the Repair setting was
selected under Primary action.
Repair
If this option is enabled, the Realtime Protection repairs affected files automatically. If
the Realtime Protection cannot repair an affected file, it carries out the action selected
under Secondary action.
Note
An automatic repair is recommended, but means that the Realtime Protection
modifies files on the workstation.
Rename
If this option is enabled, the Realtime Protection renames the file. Direct access to
these files (e.g. with double-click) is therefore no longer possible. Files can later be
repaired and given their original names again.
Quarantine
If this option is enabled, the Realtime Protection moves the file to Quarantine. The files
in this directory can later be repaired or - if necessary - sent to the Avira Malware
Research Center.
Delete
If this option is enabled, the file is deleted. This process is much faster than Overwrite
and delete.
Ignore
If this option is enabled, access to the file is allowed and the file is left as it is.
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Warning
The affected file remains active on your workstation! It may cause serious
damage on your workstation!
Overwrite and delete
If this option is enabled, the Realtime Protection overwrites the file with a default
pattern and then deletes it. It cannot be restored.
Deny access
If this option is enabled, the Realtime Protection only enters the detection in the report
file if the report function is enabled. In addition, the Realtime Protection writes an entry
in the Event log, if this option is enabled.
Warning
If Realtime Protection is set to Scan when writing, the affected file is not
written.
Secondary action
The option "Secondary action" can only be selected if the "Repair" option was
selected under "Primary action". With this option it can now be decided what is to be
done with the affected file if it cannot be repaired.
Rename
If this option is enabled, the Realtime Protection renames the file. Direct access to
these files (e.g. with double-click) is therefore no longer possible. Files can later be
repaired and given their original names again.
Quarantine
If this option is enabled, the Realtime Protection moves the file to Quarantine. The files
can later be repaired or - if necessary - sent to the Avira Malware Research Center.
Delete
If this option is enabled, the file is deleted. This process is much faster than Overwrite
and delete.
Ignore
If this option is enabled, access to the file is allowed and the file is left as it is.
Warning
The affected file remains active on your workstation! It may cause serious
damage on your workstation!
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Overwrite and delete
If this option is enabled, the Realtime Protection overwrites the file with a default
pattern and then deletes it. It cannot be restored.
Deny access
If this option is enabled, the affected file is not written; the Realtime Protection only
enters the detection in the report file if the report function is enabled. In addition, the
Realtime Protection writes an entry in the Event log, if this option is enabled.
Note
If you have selected Delete or Overwrite and delete as the primary or
secondary action, please note: In the case of heuristic hits, the affected files are
not deleted, but are instead moved to quarantine.
Further actions
Use event log
If this option is enabled, an entry is added to the Windows event log for every
detection. The events can be called up in the Windows event viewer. This option is
enabled as the default setting. (Option available in expert mode only.)
Exceptions
With these options you can configure exception objects for the Realtime Protection (onaccess scan). The relevant objects are then not included in the on-access scan. The
Realtime Protection can ignore file accesses to these objects during the on-access scan
via the list of processes to be omitted. This is useful, for example, with databases or
backup solutions. (Options available in expert mode only.)
Please note the following when specifying processes and file objects to be omitted: The list
is processed from top to bottom. The longer the list is, the more processor time is required
for processing the list for each access. Therefore, keep the list as short as possible.
Processes to be omitted by the Realtime Protection
All file accesses of processes in this list are excluded from monitoring by Realtime
Protection.
Input box
In this field, enter the name of the process that is to be ignored by the real-time scan.
No process is entered as the default setting.
The specified path and file name of the process should contain a maximum of 255
characters. You can enter up to 128 processes. The entries in the list must not result
in more than 6000 characters in total.
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When entering the process, Unicode symbols are accepted. You can therefore enter
process or directory names containing special symbols.
Drive information must be entered as follows: [Drive letter]:\
The colon symbol (:) is only used to specify drives.
When specifying the process, you can use the wildcards * (any number of characters)
and ? (a single character).
C:\Program
C:\Program
C:\Program
C:\Program
Files\Application\application.exe
Files\Application\applicatio?.exe
Files\Application\applic*.exe
Files\Application\*.exe
To avoid the process being excluded globally from monitoring by Realtime Protection,
specifications exclusively comprising the following characters are invalid: * (asterisk), ?
(question mark), / (forward slash), \ (backslash), . (dot), : (colon).
You have the option of excluding processes from monitoring by the Realtime
Protection without full path details. For example: application.exe
This however only applies to processes where the executable files are located on hard
disk drives.
Full path details are required for processes where the executable files are located on
connected drives, e.g. network drives. Please note the general information on the
notation of Exceptions on connected network drives.
Do not specify any exceptions for processes where the executable files are located on
dynamic drives. Dynamic drives are used for removable disks, such as CDs, DVDs or
USB sticks.
Warning
Please note that all file accesses by processes recorded in the list are excluded
from the scan for viruses and unwanted programs! The Windows Explorer and
the operating system itself cannot be excluded. A corresponding entry in the list
is ignored.
The button opens a window in which you can select an executable file.
Processes
The "Processes" button opens the "Process selection" window in which the running
processes are displayed.
Add
With this button, you can add the process entered in the input box to the display
window.
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Delete
With this button you can delete a selected process from the display window.
File objects to be omitted by the Realtime Protection
All file accesses to objects in this list are excluded from monitoring by the Realtime
Protection.
Input box
In this box you can enter the name of the file object that is not included in the onaccess scan. No file object is entered as the default setting.
The entries in the list must have no more than 6000 characters in total.
When specifying file objects to be omitted, you can use the wildcards* (any number of
characters) and ?? (a single character): Individual file extensions can also be excluded
(including wildcards):
C:\Directory\*.mdb
*.mdb
*.md?
*.xls*
C:\Directory\*.log
Directory names must end with a backslash \, otherwise a file name is assumed.
If a directory is excluded, all its sub-directories are automatically also excluded.
For each drive you can specify a maximum of 20 exceptions by entering the complete
path (starting with the drive letter). For example:
C:\Program Files\Application\Name.log
The maximum number of exceptions without a complete path is 64. For example:
*.log
\computer1\C\directory1
In case of dynamic drives that are mounted as a directory on another drive, the alias of
the operating system for the integrated drive in the list of the exceptions has to be
used, e.g.:
\Device\HarddiskDmVolumes\PhysicalDmVolumes\BlockVolume1\
If you use the mount point itself, for example, C:\DynDrive, the dynamic drive will be
scanned nonetheless. You can determine the alias of the operating system to be used
from the Realtime Protection report file.
The button opens a window in which you can select the file object to be excluded.
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Add
With this button, you can add the file object entered in the input box to the display
window.
Delete
With this button you can delete a selected file object from the display window.
Please note the further information when specifying exceptions:
In order to also exclude objects when they are accessed with short DOS file names (DOS
name convention 8.3), the relevant short file name must also be entered in the list.
A file name that contains wildcards may not be terminated with a backslash. For example:
C:\Program Files\Application\applic*.exe\
This entry is not valid and not treated as an exception!
Please note the following with regard to exceptions on connected network drives: If you
use the drive letter of the connected network drive, the files and folders specified are NOT
excluded from the Realtime Protection scan. If the UNC path in the list of exceptions
differs from the UNC path used to connect to the network drive (IP address specification in
the list of exceptions – specification of computer name for connection to network drive),
the specified folders and files are NOT excluded by the Realtime Protection scan. Locate
the relevant UNC path in the Realtime Protection report file:
\\<Computer name>\<Enable>\ - OR - \\<IP address>\<Enable>\
You can locate the path Realtime Protection uses to scan for infected files in the Realtime
Protection report file. Indicate exactly the same path in the list of exceptions. Proceed as
follows: Set the protocol function of the Realtime Protection to Complete in the
configuration under Realtime Protection > Report. Now access the files, folders, mounted
drives or connected network drives with the activated Realtime Protection. You can now
read the path to be used from the Realtime Protection report file. The report file can be
accessed in the Control Center under Local protection > Realtime Protection.
If you are managing the Avira product in AMC, you can use variables in the path details for
process and file exceptions. You can find a list of variables you can use under Variables:
Realtime Protection and Scanner Exceptions.
Examples for processes to be excluded:

application.exe
The application.exe process is excluded from the Realtime Protection scan, irrespective
of which hard disk drive it is located on and which directory it is in.

C:\Program Files1\Application.exe
The process for the file application.exe, which is located under the path C:\Program
Files1, is excluded from the Realtime Protection scan.
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
C:\Program Files1\*.exe
All processes for executable files located under the path C:\Program Files1 are
excluded from the Realtime Protection scan.
Examples for files to be excluded:

*.mdb
All files with the extension 'mdb‟ are excluded from the Realtime Protection scan.

*.xls*
All files with a file extension beginning 'xls‟ are excluded from the Realtime Protection
scan, e.g. files with the extensions .xls and .xlsx.

C:\Directory\*.log
All log files with the extension 'log‟, located under the path C:\Directory, are excluded
from the Realtime Protection scan.

\\Computer name\Shared1\
All files are excluded from the Realtime Protection scan accessed via a connection
'\\Computer name1\Shared1'. This is generally a connected network drive which
accesses another computer with a shared folder via the computer name 'Computer
name1' and the shared name 'Shared1'.

\\1.0.0.0\Shared1\*.mdb
All files with the extension 'mdb‟ are excluded from the Realtime Protection scan
accessed via a connection '\\1.0.0.0\Shared1'. This is generally a connected network
drive which accesses another computer with a shared folder via the IP address '1.0.0.0'
and the shared name 'Shared1'.
Heuristic
This configuration section contains the settings for the heuristic of the scan
engine. (Options available in expert mode only.)
Avira products contain very powerful heuristics that can proactively uncover unknown
malware, i.e. before a special virus signature to combat the damaging element has been
created and before a virus guard update has been sent. Virus detection involves an
extensive analysis and investigation of the affected codes for functions typical of malware.
If the code being scanned exhibits these characteristic features, it is reported as being
suspicious. This does not necessarily mean that the code is in fact malware. False
positives do sometimes occur. The decision on how to handle affected code is to be made
by the user, e.g. based on his or her knowledge of whether the source of the code is
trustworthy or not.
Macrovirus heuristics
Macrovirus heuristics
Your Avira product contains a highly powerful macrovirus heuristic. If this option is
enabled, all macros in the relevant document are deleted in the event of a repair,
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alternatively suspect documents are only reported, i.e. you receive an alert. This
option is enabled as the default setting and is recommended.
Advanced Heuristic Analysis and Detection (AHeAD)
enable AHeAD
Your Avira program contains a very powerful heuristic in the form of Avira AHeAD
technology, which can also detect unknown (new) malware. If this option is enabled,
you can define how "aggressive" this heuristic should be. This option is enabled as the
default setting.
Low detection level
If this option is enabled, slightly less unknown malware is detected, the risk of false
alerts is low in this case.
Medium detection level
This option is enabled as the default setting if you have selected the use of this
heuristic.
High detection level
If this option is enabled, significantly more unknown malware is detected, but there are
also likely to be false positives.
11.2.2 ProActiv
Avira ProActiv protects you from new and unknown threats for which there are not yet any
virus definitions or heuristics available. ProActiv technology is integrated into the Realtime
Protection component and observes and analyzes the program actions performed. The
behavior of the program is checked against typical malware action patterns: Type of action
and action sequences. If a program exhibits behavior typical of malware, this is treated as
a virus detection : You have the option of blocking the program or ignoring the notification
and continuing to use the program. You can classify the program as trusted and add it to
the application filter for permitted programs. You have the option of adding the program to
the application filter for blocked programs using the Always block command.
The ProActiv component uses rule sets developed by the Avira Malware Research Center
to identify suspicious behavior. The rule sets are supplied by Avira databases. Avira
ProActiv sends information on any suspicious programs detected to the Avira databases
for logging. You have the option of disabling data transmission to the Avira databases
Note
ProActiv technology is not yet available for 64 bit systems!
General (Options available in expert mode only.)
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Enable Avira ProActiv
If this option is enabled, programs on your computer system are monitored and
checked for suspicious actions. You will receive a message if typical malware behavior
is detected. You can block the program or select "Ignore" to continue to use the
program. The monitoring process excludes: Programs classified as trusted, trusted
and signed programs included by default in the permitted applications filter, and all
programs which you have added to the application filter for permitted programs.
Improve your computer security with Avira ProActiv.
If this option is enabled, Avira ProActiv sends data on suspicious programs and, in
certain cases, suspicious program files (executable files) to the Avira Malware
Research Center for advanced online scanning. After evaluation, these data are added
to the ProActiv behavioral analysis rule sets. In this way, you become part of the Avira
ProActiv community and contribute to the continuous improvement and refinement of
the ProActiv security technology. No data are sent if this option is disabled. This has
no effect on ProActiv functionality.
Click here to learn more
With this link you can access an Internet page where you can obtain detailed
information on the advanced online scan. All data transmitted during an advanced
online scan is included on the Internet page.
Blocked applications
Under Applications to be blocked you can enter applications which you classify as harmful
and which you want Avira ProActiv to block by default. The applications added cannot be
executed on your computer system. You can also add programs to the application filter for
blocking via Realtime Protection notifications of suspicious program behavior, by selecting
the Always block this program option.
Applications to be blocked
Application
The list contains all applications which you have classified as harmful which you have
entered via the configuration or by notifying the ProActiv component. The applications
on the list are blocked by Avira ProActiv and cannot be executed on your computer
system. An operating system message appears when a blocked program starts up.
The applications to be blocked are identified by Avira ProActiv on the basis of the path
specified and the file name, and are blocked irrespective of their content.
Input box
Enter the application you want to block in this box. To identify the application, the full
path, file name and file extension must be specified. The path must either show the
drive on which the application is located or start with an environment variable.
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The button opens a window in which you can select the application to be blocked.
Add
With the "Add" button you can transfer the application specified in the input box to the
list of applications to be blocked.
Note
Applications required for the proper operation of the operating system cannot be
added.
Delete
The "Delete" button lets you remove a highlighted application from the list of
applications to be blocked.
Allowed applications
The section Applications to be skipped lists the applications excluded from monitoring by
the ProActiv component: signed programs classified as trusted and included in list by
default, all applications classified as trusted and added to the application filter: You can
add permitted applications to the list in Configuration. You also have the option of adding
applications to suspicious program behavior via Realtime Protection notifications by using
the Trusted program option in the Realtime Protection notification.
Applications to be skipped
Application
The list contains applications excluded from monitoring by the ProActiv component. In
the default installation settings, the list contains signed applications from trusted
vendors. You have the option of adding applications that you consider to be
trustworthy via the configuration or via Realtime Protection notifications. The ProActiv
component identifies applications using the path, the file name and the content. We
recommend checking the content as malware can be added to a program through
changes such as updates. You can determine whether a contents check should be
performed from the Type specified: For the "Contents" type, the applications specified
by path and file name are checked for changes to the file content before they are
excluded from monitoring by the ProActiv component. If the file contents have been
modified, the application is again monitored by the ProActiv component. For the "Path"
type, no contents check is performed before the application is excluded from
monitoring by the Realtime Protection. To change the exclusion type, click on the type
displayed.
Warning
Only use the Path type in exceptional cases. Malcode can be added to an
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application through an update. The originally harmless application is now
malware.
Note
Some trusted applications, including for example all application components of
your Avira product, are by default excluded from monitoring by the ProActiv
component even though they are not included in the list.
Input box
In this box you enter the application to be excluded from monitoring by the ProActiv
component. To identify the application, the full path, file name and file extension must
be specified. The path must either show the drive on which the application is located
or start with an environment variable.
The button opens a window in which you can select the application to be excluded.
Add
With the "Add" button you can transfer the application specified in the input box to the
list of applications to be excluded.
Delete
The "Delete" button lets you remove a highlighted application from the list of
applications to be excluded.
11.2.3 Report
Realtime Protection includes an extensive logging function to provide the user or
administrator with exact notes about the type and manner of a detection. (Options
available in expert mode only.)
Reporting
This group allows for the content of the report file to be determined.
Off
If this option is enabled, then Realtime Protection does not create a log.
It is recommended that you should turn off the logging function only in exceptional
cases, such as if you are executing trials with multiple viruses or unwanted programs.
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Default
If this option is enabled, Realtime Protection records important information (concerning
detections, alerts and errors) in the report file, with less important information ignored
for improved clarity. This option is enabled as the default setting.
Extended
If this option is enabled, Realtime Protection logs less important information to the
report file as well.
Complete
If this option is enabled, Realtime Protection logs all available information in the report
file, including file size, file type, date, etc.
Limit report file
Limit size to n MB
If this option is enabled, the report file can be limited to a certain size. Permitted values
are between 1 and 100 MB. Around 50 kilobytes of extra space are allowed when
limiting the size of the report file to minimize the use of system resources. If the size of
the log file exceeds the indicated size by more than 50 kilobytes, then old entries are
deleted until the indicated size minus 50 kilobytes is reached.
Back up report file before shortening
If this option is enabled, the report file is backed up before shortening. For the save
location see Report directory.
Write configuration to report file
If this option is enabled, the configuration of the on-access scan is recorded in the
report file.
Note
If you have not specified any report file restriction, a new report file is
automatically created when the report file reaches 100MB. A backup of the old
report file is created. Up to three backups of old report files are saved. The
oldest backups are deleted first.
11.3 Variables: Realtime Protection and System Scanner exceptions
If your Avira product is managed with AMC, you may use variables to configure exceptions
for the Realtime Protection and the System Scanner. When saving the configuration on
the managed system, the variables are automatically replaced by true values
corresponding to the operating system and its language.
The following variables may be used:
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Variable
Windows XP 32 Bit
(**English)
Windows 7 32 Bit
(**English)
Windows 7 64 Bit
(**English)
%WINDIR%
C:\Windows
C:\Windows
C:\Windows
%SYSDIR%
C:\Windows\Syste
m32
C:\Windows\System3
2
C:\Windows\System3
2
%ALLUSERSPROFI
LE%
C:\Documents and
Settings\All Users
**
C:\ProgramData
C:\ProgramData
%PROGRAMFILES%
C:\Program Files **
C:\Program Files **
C:\Program Files
(x86) **
%PROGRAMFILES(
x86)%
%PROGRAMFILES(
x86)%
%PROGRAMFILES(x8
6)%
C:\Program Files
(x86) **
%SYSTEMROOT%
C:\Windows
C:\Windows
C:\Windows
%INSTALLDIR%
C:\Program
Files\Avira\Antivir
Desktop **
C:\Program
Files\Avira\Antivir
Desktop **
C:\Program Files
(x86)\Avira\Antivir
Desktop **
%AVAPPDATA%
C:\Documents and
Settings\All
Users\Avira\AntiVir
Desktop **
C:\ProgramData\Avira
\AntiVir Desktop
C:\ProgramData\Avira
\AntiVir Desktop
The paths marked with ** are language dependent. The above mentioned examples name
the relevant paths on an English operating system.
11.4 Update
In the Update section you can configure the automatic receiving of updates and the
connection to the download servers. You can specify various update intervals and activate
or deactivate automatic updating.
Note
If you configure your Avira product in the Avira Management Console,
automatic updates are not available.
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Automatic update
Activate
If this option is enabled, automatic updates are performed for the enabled events at
the specified interval.
All n Day(s) / Hour(s) / Minute(s)
In this box you can specify the interval at which the automatic update is performed. To
change the update interval, highlight one of the time options in the box and change it
using the arrow key to the right of the input box.
Start job while connecting to the Internet (dial-up)
If this option is enabled, in addition to the specified update interval, the update job is
performed every time an Internet connection is established. (Option available in expert
mode only.)
Repeat job if the time has already expired
If this option is enabled, past update jobs are performed that could not be performed at
the time specified, for example because the computer was switched off. (Option
available in expert mode only.)
Download
via web server
The update is performed via a web server using an HTTP connection. You can use a
proprietary web server on the Internet or a web server on an intranet, which obtains
the update files from a proprietary download server on the Internet.
Note
You can access further settings for updating via a web server under:
Configuration > Local protection > Update > Web server.
If this option is enabled, you can configure the Web server and, where
necessary, the proxy server.
via file server / shared folders
The update is performed via a file server on an intranet which obtains the update files
from a proprietary download server on the Internet.
Note
You can access further settings for updating via a file server under:
Configuration > Local protection > Update > File server.
If this option is enabled, you can configure the file server you are using.
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11.4.1 Product update
Under Product update, configure how product updates or the notification of available
product updates are handled. (Options available in expert mode only.)
Product updates
Download and install product updates automatically
If this option is enabled, product updates are downloaded and automatically installed
by the Update component as soon as they become available. Updates to the virus
definition file and scan engine are performed independently of this setting. The
conditions for this option are: complete configuration of the update and an open
connection to a download server.
Download product updates. If a restart is necessary, install the update after the
system restart, otherwise install it immediately
If this option is enabled, product updates will be downloaded as soon as they become
available. If no restart is necessary, the update is installed automatically after the
update file is downloaded. If a product update requires you to restart your computer, it
will be executed at the next user-controlled system reboot and not immediately after
the download of the update file. This has the advantage that the restart is not
performed while users are working at their computers. Updates to the virus definition
file and scan engine are performed independently of this setting. The conditions for
this option are: complete configuration of the update and an open connection to a
download server.
Notify user if product updates are available
If this option is enabled, you will be notified by email when new product updates
become available. Updates to the virus definition file and scan engine are performed
independently of this setting. The conditions for this option are: complete configuration
of the update and an open connection to a download server. You will receive
notifications via a desktop popup window and via an alert from the Updater in the
Control Center under Overview > Events.
Notify once again after n day(s)
If the product update was not installed after the initial notification, enter in this box the
number of days that are to elapse before you are again notified that product updates
are available.
Do not download product updates
If this option is enabled, no automatic product updates or notifications of available
product updates by the Updater are performed. Updates to the virus definition file and
search engine are performed independently of this setting.
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Warning
An update of the virus definition file and of the search engine is performed
during every update process independent of the settings for the product update
(see Chapter Updates).
Note
If you have enabled an option for an automatic product update, you can
configure further restart notification and cancellation options under Restart
settings. (Options available in expert mode only.)
11.4.2 Restart settings
When a product update for your Avira product is performed, you may have to restart your
computer system. If you have selected automatic product updates under Local protection >
Update > Product update, you can choose between the different restart notification and
restart cancellation options under Restart settings. (Options available in expert mode
only.)
Note
Note that your restart settings allow you to choose between two options for
executing a product update requiring a computer restart in the configuration
under Local protection > Update > Product update.
Download and install product updates automatically: The update and the
restart are performed while users are working on their computers. If you have
enabled this option, it may be useful to select restart routines with a cancel
option or reminder function.
Download product updates. If a restart is necessary, install the update
after the system restart, otherwise install it immediately: the update and the
restart are performed after users have started up their computers and logged in.
Automatic restart routines are recommended for this option.
Restart the computer after n Seconds (with countdown messages, cannot be
canceled)
If this option is enabled, the restart which is necessary after a product update has
been executed is performed automatically at the specified interval. A countdown
message appears with no option for canceling the computer restart.
Periodic restart reminder
If this option is enabled, the restart which is necessary after a product update has
been executed is not performed automatically. At the specified interval, you will
receive restart notifications without cancel options. These notifications let you confirm
the computer restart or select the "Remind me again" option.
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Query whether computer should be restarted
If this option is enabled, the restart which is necessary after a product update has
been executed is not performed automatically. You will receive only one message,
which offers the option to perform a restart directly or cancel the restart routine.
Restart computer without query
If this option is enabled, the restart which is necessary after a product update has
been executed is performed automatically. You will not receive any notification.
11.4.3 File server
In the case of more than one workstation on a network, your Avira product can download
an update from a file server in the intranet, which in turn obtains the update files from a
proprietary download server on the Internet. This ensures that the Avira product is up-todate on all workstations.
Note
The Configuration heading is only enabled if under Configuration > General >
Product update the via File Server / Shared folders option has been selected.
Download
Enter the name of the file server on which the update files for your Avira product and
the required directories '/release/update/' are located. The following must be specified:
file:// <IP address of the file server>/release/update/. The 'release' directory must be a
directory that can be accessed by all users.
The button opens a window in which you can select the required download directory.
Server login
Login name
Enter a user name to log in on the server. Use a user account with access rights to the
used shared folders on the server.
Login password
Enter the password for the user account. The characters entered are masked with *.
Note
If you do not specify any data in the Server login section, no authentication will
be performed when accessing the file server. In this case the user must have
sufficient rights for the file server.
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11.4.4 Web Server
The update can be performed directly via a web server on the Internet or the
intranet. (Options available in expert mode only.)
Web server connection
Use existing connection (network)
This setting is displayed if your connection is used via a network.
Use the following connection
This setting is displayed if you define your connection individually.
The Updater automatically detects which connection options are available. Connection
options that are not available are grayed out and cannot be activated. A dial-up
connection can be established manually via a phone book entry in Windows, for
example.
User
Enter the user name of the selected account.
Password
Enter the password for this account. For security reasons, the actual characters you
type in this space are replaced by asterisks (*).
Note
If you have forgotten an existing Internet account name or password, contact
your Internet Service Provider.
Note
The automatic dial-up of the updater through so-called dial-up tools (e.g.
SmartSurfer, Oleco, etc.) is currently not yet available.
Terminate a dial-up connection that was set up for the update
If this option is enabled, the dial-up connection made for the update is automatically
interrupted again as soon as the download has been successfully performed.
Note
This option is not available under Vista and Windows 7. Under these operating
systems the dial-up connection opened for the update is always terminated as
soon as the download has been performed.
Download
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Priority server
In this field, enter the update directory and URL of the web server that will first be
requested to provide the update. If this server cannot be reached, the standard servers
indicated will be used. The format for the address of the web server is as follows:
http://<address of web server>[:Port]/update. If you do not specify a
port, port 80 will be used.
Default server
Enter the addresses (URL) of the web servers from which the updates and the
required update directory 'update' are to be loaded. The format for the address of the
web server is as follows: http://<address of the web
server>[:Port]/update. If you do not specify a port, port 80 will be used. By
default, the accessible Avira web servers are specified for updating. You can,
however, use your own web servers on the company intranet. If a number of web
servers are specified, separate each one by a comma.
Default
The button restores the predefined addresses.
Proxy settings
Proxy server
Do not use a proxy server
If this option is enabled, your connection to the web server is not established via a
proxy server.
Use proxy system settings
When the option is enabled, the current Windows system settings are used for the
connection to the web server via a proxy server. Configure the Windows system
settings to use a proxy server under Control panel > Internet options >
Connections > LAN settings. You can also access the Internet options in the Extras
menu in Internet Explorer.
Warning
If you are using a proxy server which requires authentication, enter all the
required data under the option Use this proxy server. The Use proxy system
settings option can only be used for proxy servers without authentication.
Use this proxy server
If your web server connection is set up via a proxy server, you can enter the relevant
information here.
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Address
Enter the computer name or IP address of the proxy server you want to use to connect
to the web server.
Port
Please enter the port number of the proxy server you want to use to connect to the
web server.
Login name
Enter a user name to log in on the proxy server.
Login password
Enter the relevant password for logging in on the proxy server here. For security
reasons, the actual characters you type in this space are replaced by asterisks (*).
Examples:
Address: proxy.domain.com Port: 8080
Address: 192.168.1.100 Port: 3128
11.5 Firewall
The FireWall section under Online protection > Configuration is responsible for
configuration of the Avira FireWall.
11.5.1 Adapter rules
In the Avira FireWall, an adapter represents a software simulated hardware device (e.g.
miniport, bridge connection, etc.) or a real hardware device (e.g. network card).
The Avira FireWall displays the adapter rules of all existing adapters on your computer for
which a driver was installed. (Options available in expert mode only.)

ICMP protocol

TCP Port Scan

UDP Port Scan

Incoming Rules

Incoming IP protocol rule

Outgoing Rules

Buttons to manage the rules
A predefined adapter rule depends on the security level. You can change the Security
level under Online protection > FireWall in the Control Center or define your own adapter
rules. If you have defined your own adapter rules, the Security level in the FireWall section
of the Control Center is set to Custom.
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Note
The default Security level setting for all predefined rules of the Avira FireWall is
Medium.
ICMP protocol
The Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) is used to exchange error and information
messages on networks. The protocol is also used for status messages with ping or tracer.
With this rule, you can define the incoming and outgoing blocked message types, the
behavior in case of flooding and the reaction to fragmented ICMP packets. This rule
serves for preventing so-called ICMP flood attacks, which results in an increase of the
CPU load of the attacked machine as it responds to every packet.
Predefined rules for the ICMP protocol
Setting
Rules
Low
Incoming blocked types: no type.
Outgoing blocked types: no type.
Assume flooding if delay between packets is less than 50
ms.
Reject fragmented ICMP packets.
Medium
Same rule as for the Low level.
High
Incoming blocked types: several types
Outgoing blocked types: several types
Assume flooding if delay between packets is less than 50
ms.
Reject fragmented ICMP packets.
Incoming blocked types: no types/several types
With a mouse click on the link a list of ICMP packet types is displayed. From this list
you can specify the desired incoming ICMP message types you want to block.
Outgoing blocked types: no types/several types
With a mouse click on the link a list of ICMP packet types is displayed. From this list
you can select the desired outgoing ICMP message types you want to block.
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Assume Flooding
With a mouse click on the link, a dialog box is displayed where you can enter the
maximum allowed ICMP delay. Example: 50 milliseconds.
Fragmented ICMP packets
With a mouse click on the link, you have the choice between "Reject" and "Don't
reject" fragmented ICMP packets.
TCP port scan
With this rule, you can define when a TCP port scan is assumed by the FireWall and what
should be done in this case. This rule serves for preventing so-called TCP port scan
attacks that result in a detection of open TCP ports on your computer. This kind of attack is
used to search a computer for weak spots and is often followed by more dangerous attack
types.
Predefined rules for the TCP Port Scan
Setting
Rules
Low
Assume a TCP Port Scan if 50 or more ports were
scanned in 5,000 milliseconds.
When detected, log attacker's IP and don't add rule to
block the attack.
Medium
Assume a TCP Port Scan if 50 or more ports were
scanned in 5,000 milliseconds.
When detected, log attacker's IP and add rule to block the
attack.
High
Same rule as for Medium level.
Ports
With a mouse click on the link a dialog box appears in which you can enter the number
of ports that must have been scanned so that a TCP port scan is assumed.
Port scan time window
With a mouse click on this link a dialog box appears in which you can enter the time
span for a certain number of port scans, so that a TCP port scan is assumed.
Event database
With a mouse click on the link you have the choice between "log" and "don't log" the
attacker's IP address.
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Rule
With a mouse click on the link you have the choice between "add" and "don't add" the
rule to block the TCP port scan attack.
UDP Port Scan
With this rule, you can define when a UDP port scan is assumed by the FireWall and what
should be done in this case. This rule prevents so-called UDP port scan attacks that result
in a detection of open UDP ports on your computer. This kind of attack is used to search a
computer for weak spots and is often followed by more dangerous attack types.
Predefined rules for the UDP Port Scan
Setting
Rules
Low
Assume a UDP port scan if 50 or more ports were
scanned in 5,000 milliseconds.
When detected,log attacker's IP and don't add rule to
block the attack.
Medium
Assume a UDP Port Scan if 50 or more ports were
scanned in 5,000 milliseconds.
When detected, log attacker's IP and add rule to block
the attack.
High
Same rule as for Medium level.
Ports
With a mouse click on the link a dialog box appears in which you can enter the number
of ports that must have been scanned so that a UDP Port Scan is assumed.
Port scan time window
With a mouse click on this link a dialog box appears in which you can enter the time
span for a certain number of port scans, so that a UDP Port Scan is assumed.
Event database
With a mouse click on the link you have the choice between "log" and "don't log" the
attacker's IP address.
Rule
With a mouse click on the link you have the choice between "add" and "don't add" the
rule to block the UDP port scan attack.
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Incoming Rules
Incoming rules are defined to control incoming data traffic by the Avira FireWall.
Warning
When a packet is filtered, the corresponding rules are applied successively,
therefore the rule order is very important. Change the rule order only if you are
completely aware of what you are doing.
Predefined rules for the TCP traffic monitor
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Setting
Rules
Low
No incoming data traffic is blocked by the Avira FireWall.
Medium
Allow Established TCP Connections on 135
Allow TCP packets from address 0.0.0.0 with mask 0.0.0.0 if local ports in
{135} and remote port is in {0-65535}.
Apply for packets of existing connections.
Don't log when packet matches rule.
Advanced: Discard packets that have following bytes <empty> with mask
<empty> at offset 0.
Deny TCP packets on 135
Deny TCP packets from address 0.0.0.0 with mask 0.0.0.0 if local port is in
{135} and remote port is in {0-65535}.
Apply for all packets.
Don't log when packet matches rule.
Advanced: Discard packets that have following bytes <empty> with mask
<empty> at offset 0.
TCP healthy traffic Monitor
Allow TCP packets from address 0.0.0.0 with mask 0.0.0.0 if local port is in
{0-65535} and remote port is in {0-65535}.
Apply for connection initiation and existing connection packets.
Don't log when packet matches rule.
Advanced: Select packets that have following bytes <empty> with mask
<empty> at offset 0.
Discard TCP traffic
Deny TCP packets from address 0.0.0.0 with mask 0.0.0.0 if local port is in
{0-65535} and remote port is in {0-65535}.
Apply for all packets.
Don't log when packet matches rule.
Advanced: Select packets that have following bytes <empty> with mask
<empty> at offset 0.
High
Monitor established TCP traffic
Allow TCP packets from address 0.0.0.0 with mask 0.0.0.0 if local port is in
{0-65535} and remote port is in {0-65535}.
Apply for packets of existing connections.
Don't log when packet matches rule.
Advanced: Select packets that have following bytes <empty> with mask
<empty> at offset 0.
Allow/ Deny TCP packets
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With a mouse click on the link you have the choice to allow or deny special defined
incoming TCP packets.
IP address
By clicking on this link with the mouse, a dialog box opens in which you can enter the
required IPv4 or IPv6 address.
IP mask
By clicking on this link with the mouse, a dialog box opens in which you can enter the
required IPv4 or IPv6 mask.
Local ports
With a mouse click on this link a dialog box appears in which you can define the local
port number(s) or complete port ranges.
Remote ports
With a mouse click on this link a dialog box appears in which you can define the
remote port number(s) or complete port ranges.
Application method
With a mouse click on this link you have the choice to apply the rule for "connection
initiation and existing connection packets" or only for "packets of existing
connections" or for "all packets".
Event database
By clicking on the link with the mouse you can choose between "Log" and "Don't log"
to the event database, if the packet complies with the rule.
Advanced
The advanced feature enables content filtering. For example packets can be rejected
if they contain some specific data at a certain offset. If you do not want to use this
option, do not select a file or choose an empty file.
Filtered content: bytes
With a mouse click on the link a dialog box appears in which you can select a file that
contains the specific buffer.
Filtered content: mask
With a mouse click on the link a dialog box appears in which you can select the
specific mask.
Filtered content: offset
With a mouse click on the link a dialog box appears in which you can define the filtered
content offset. The offset is computed from where TCP header ends.
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Predefined rules for the UDP data traffic monitor
Setting
Rules
Low
-
Medium
UDP accepted traffic monitor
Allow UDP packets from address 0.0.0.0 with mask 0.0.0.0 if local port is in
{0- 66535} and remote port is in {0-66535}.
Apply rule to open ports for all streams.
Don't log when packet matches rule.
Advanced: Discard packets that have following bytes <empty> with mask
<empty> at offset 0.
Discard UDP traffic
Deny UDP packets from address 0.0.0.0 with mask 0.0.0.0 if local port is in
{0-65535} and the remote port is in {0-65535}.
Apply rule for all ports for all streams.
Don't log when packet matches rule.
Advanced: Select packets that have following bytes <empty> with mask
<empty> at offset 0.
High
Monitor established UDP traffic
Allow UDP packets from address 0.0.0.0 with mask 0.0.0.0 if the local port
is in {0-65535} and the remote port is in {53, 67, 68, 123}. Apply rule to
open ports for all streams.
Don't log when packet matches rule.
Advanced: Discard packets that have following bytes <empty> with mask
<empty> at offset 0.
Allow/ Deny UDP packets
With a mouse click on the link you have the choice to allow or deny special defined
incoming UDP packets.
IP address
By clicking on this link with the mouse, a dialog box opens in which you can enter the
required IPv4 or IPv6 address.
IP mask
By clicking on this link with the mouse, a dialog box opens in which you can enter the
required IPv4 or IPv6 mask.
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Local ports
With a mouse click on this link a dialog box appears in which you can define the local
port number(s) or complete port ranges.
Remote ports
With a mouse click on this link a dialog box appears in which you can define the
remote port number(s) or complete port ranges.
Application method
Ports
With a mouse click on this link you have the choice to apply this rule to all ports or only
to all opened ports.
Streams
With a mouse click on this link you have the choice to apply this rule for all streams or
only for outbound streams.
Event database
By clicking on the link with the mouse you can choose between "Log" and "Don't log"
to the event database, if the packet complies with the rule.
Advanced
The advanced feature enables content filtering. For example packets can be rejected
if they contain some specific data at a certain offset. If you do not want to use this
option do not select a file or choose an empty file.
Filtered content: bytes
With a mouse click on the link a dialog box appears in which you can select a file that
contains the specific buffer.
Filtered content: mask
With a mouse click on the link a dialog box appears in which you can select the
specific mask.
Filtered content: offset
With a mouse click on the link a dialog box appears in which you can define the filtered
content offset. The offset is computed from where UDP header ends.
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Predefined rules for the ICMP traffic monitor
Setting
Rules
Low
-
Medium
Do not discard ICMP based on IP address
Allow ICMP packets from address 0.0.0.0 with mask 0.0.0.0.
Don't log when packet matches rule.
Advanced: Discard packets that have following bytes <empty> with mask
<empty> at offset 0.
High
Same rule as for medium level.
Allow/ Deny ICMP packets
With a mouse click on the link you have the choice to allow or deny special defined
incoming ICMP packets.
IP address
By clicking on this link with the mouse, a dialog box opens in which you can enter the
required IPv4 address.
IP mask
By clicking on this link with the mouse, a dialog box opens in which you can enter the
required IPv4 mask.
Event database
By clicking on the link with the mouse you can choose between "Log" and "Don't log"
to the event database, if the packet complies with the rule.
Advanced
The advanced feature enables content filtering. For example packets can be rejected
if they contain some specific data at a certain offset. If you do not want to use this
option do not select a file or choose an empty file.
Filtered content: bytes
With a mouse click on the link a dialog box appears in which you can select a file that
contains the specific buffer.
Filtered content: mask
With a mouse click on the link a dialog box appears in which you can select the
specific mask.
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Filtered content: offset
With a mouse click on the link a dialog box appears in which you can define the filtered
content offset. The offset is computed from where ICMP header ends.
Predefined rules for IP packets
Setting
Rules
Low
-
Medium
-
High
Deny all IP packets
Deny IPv4 packets from address 0.0.0.0 with mask 0.0.0.0.
Don't log when packet matches rule.
Allow/ Deny
By clicking on the link with the mouse, you can decide whether you want to accept or
reject specially defined IP packages.
IPv4/IPv6
By clicking on the link with the mouse, you can choose IPv4 or IPv6.
IP address
By clicking on this link with the mouse, a dialog box opens in which you can enter the
required IPv4 or IPv6 address.
IP mask
By clicking on this link with the mouse, a dialog box opens in which you can enter the
required IPv4 or IPv6 mask.
Event database
By clicking on the link with the mouse you can decide whether to write to the event
database or not if the packet complies with the rule.
Incoming IP Protocol rule
You can define a rule for incoming or outgoing IP Protocol. See Add new rule.
Allow/ Deny
By clicking on the link with the mouse, you can decide whether you want to accept or
reject specially defined IP packages.
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IP address
By clicking on this link with the mouse, a dialog box opens in which you can enter the
required IPv4 or IPv6 address.
IP mask
By clicking on this link with the mouse, a dialog box opens in which you can enter the
required IP mask.
IP Protocol
By clicking on this link with the mouse, a dialog box opens in which you can enter the
required IP protocol.
Event database
By clicking on the link with the mouse you can choose between "Log" and "Don't log"
to the event database, if the packet complies with the rule.
Outgoing Rules
Outgoing rules are defined to control outgoing data traffic by the Avira FireWall. You can
define an outgoing rule for one of the following protocols: IP, ICMP, UDP, TCP. See Add
new rule.
Warning
When a packet is filtered, the corresponding rules are applied successively,
therefore the rule order is very important. Change the rule order only if you are
completely aware of what you are doing.
Buttons to manage the rules
Button
Description
Add rule
Allows you to create a new rule. If you press this button, the "Add new rule
dialog box is opened. In this dialog box you can select new rules.
Remove
rule
Removes the selected rule.
Rule up
Moves the selected rule up one line, i.e. increases the rule priority.
Rule
down
Moves the selected rule down one line, i.e. reduces the rule priority.
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Rename
rule
Allows you to give the selected rule another name.
Note
You can add new rules for individual adapters or for all adapters present on the
computer. To add an adapter rule for all adapters, select My Computer from
the adapter hierarchy that is displayed and click on the Add rule button. See
Add new rule.
Note
To change the position of a rule you can also use the mouse to drag the rule to
the required position.
11.5.2 Application rules
Application rules for user
This list contains all users in the system. If you are logged in as an administrator, you
can select the user to whom you want to apply the rules. If you are not a privileged
user, you can see only the user currently logged on.
Application
This table shows the list of applications for which rules are defined. The application list
contains the settings of each application that was executed and had a rule saved since
the Avira FireWall was installed.
Normal view
Column
Description
Application
Name of the application.
Active
Connections
Number of active connections opened by the application.
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Action
Shows the action that the Avira FireWall will automatically take when the
application is using the network, whatever the network usage type is. With
a mouse click on the link you can switch to another action type. The action
types are Ask, Allow or Deny. Ask is the default action.
Advanced configuration
If the network accesses of an application require individual rules, you can create the
application rules based on packet filters in the same way as you created the adapter rules.
To change to the advanced configuration of the application rules, first activate the
Expert mode option in the Configuration window.
Then go to Configuration > Online protection > FireWall > Settings and enable
the Advanced settings option under Application rules.
Save the setting by clicking Apply or OK.
Under Configuration > Online protection > FireWall > Application rules
section, an additional column with the heading Filtering is displayed in the list of
application rules, with the entry Basic for each application.
Column
Description
Application
Name of the application.
Active
Connections
Number of active connections opened by the application.
Action
Shows the action that the Avira FireWall will automatically take when the
application is using the network, whatever the network usage type is.
If you choose Basic in the Filtering column, you can click the link to
select another action type. The values are Ask, Allow, or Deny.
If you choose Advanced in the Filtering column, the Rules action type is
displayed. The Rules link opens the Advanced application rules
window, in which you can enter specific rules for the application.
Filtering
Shows the type of filtering. You can select another type of filtering by
clicking the link.
Basic: In the case of simple filtering, the specified action is carried out on
all network activities performed by the software application.
Advanced: With this type of filtering, the rules that were added to the
extended configuration are applied.
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If you want to create specific rules for an application, select the Advanced entry
under Filtering.
The Rules entry is then displayed in the Action column.
Click on Rules to open the window for creating specific application rules.
Specified application rules in the advanced configuration
Using the specified application rules, you can allow or deny specified data traffic for the
application or you can allow or deny passive listening to individual ports. The following
options are available:
Allow/ Deny Code injection
Code injection is a technique for introducing code into the address space of another
process to execute actions, forcing this process to load a dynamic link library (DLL).
Code injection is used by malware, amongst other things, to execute code under cover
of another program. In this way, access to the Internet in front of the FireWall can be
hidden. In default mode, code injection is enabled for all signed applications.
Allow/ Deny passive listening to the application of ports
Allow/ Deny Traffic
Allow or deny incoming and/or outgoing IP packets
Allow or deny incoming and/or outgoing TCP packets
Allow or deny incoming and/or outgoing UDP packets
You can create as many application rules as you like for each application. The application
rules are executed in the sequence shown (You will find more information under Advanced
application rules).
Note
If you switch from Advanced to Basic filtering of an application rule, the already
existing application rules in the advanced configuration are simply deactivated,
not irretrievably deleted. When you select Advanced filtering again, the existing
advanced application rules will be reactivated and displayed in the Application
rules configuration window.
Application details
In this box you can see details of the application selected in the application list box.

Name - Name of the application.

Path - Full path to the executable file.
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Buttons
Button
Description
Add
application
Allows you to create a new application rule. If you press this button, a
dialog box is opened. Here you can select the required application for
creating a new rule.
Remove rule
Removes the selected application rule.
Show details The window "Properties" displays the details of the application selected in
the application list box.(Option available in expert mode only.)
Reload
Reloads the list of applications and simultaneously discards the changes
just made.
11.5.3 Trusted vendors
A list of trusted software producers is displayed under Trusted vendors. (Options
available in expert mode only.)
You can add / remove producers to / from the list using the Always trust this provider
option in the Network Event popup window. You can allow network access from
applications that are signed by the listed providers by default, by enabling the
Automatically allow applications created by trusted vendors option.
Trusted vendors for user
This list contains all users in the system. If you are logged in as an administrator, you
can select the user whose list of trusted vendors you want to view or update. If you are
not a privileged user, you can see only the current user logged on.
Automatically allow applications created by trusted vendors
If this option is enabled, the application provided with the signature of a known and
trusted provider is automatically permitted access to the network. The option is
enabled as the default setting.
Vendors
The list shows all vendors classified as trusted.
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Buttons
Button
Description
Remove The highlighted entry is removed from the list of trusted vendors. To
permanently remove the selected provider from the list, click Apply or OK in the
configuration window.
Reload
The changes made are reversed. The last list saved is loaded.
Note
If you remove vendors from the list and then select Apply the vendors will be
permanently removed from the list. The change cannot be reversed with
Reload. However, you can use the Always trust this vendor option in the
Network Event popup window to add a vendor to the list of trusted vendors
again.
Note
The FireWall prioritizes application rules before making entries in the list of
trusted vendors: If you have created an application rule and the application
provider is listed in the list of trusted vendors, the application rule will be
executed.
11.5.4 Settings
Options available in expert mode only.
Advanced options
Turn on FireWall
If the option is activated, the Avira FireWall is enabled and protects your computer
from risks originating from the Internet and other networks.
Stop Windows Firewall on startup
If this option is enabled, the Windows Firewall is deactivated when the computer is
rebooted. This option is enabled as the default setting.
Automatic rule timeout
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Block forever
If this option is enabled, a rule that was automatically created, for example, during a
port scan is retained.
Remove rule after n seconds
If this option is enabled, a rule that was automatically created for example during a
port scan, is removed again after the time you have defined. This option is enabled as
the default setting. In the box you can specify the number of seconds after which the
rules is to be removed.
Notifications
Notifications define the events under which you wish to receive a desktop notification from
the FireWall.
Port scan
If the option is activated, you will receive a desktop notification if a port scan has been
detected by the FireWall.
Flooding
If the option is activated, you will receive a desktop notification if a flooding attack has
been detected by the FireWall.
Applications blocked
If the option is activated, you will receive a desktop notification if the FireWall has
denied, i.e. blocked, network activity by an application.
IP blocked
If the option is activated, you will receive a desktop notification if the FireWall has
denied, i.e. blocked, data traffic from an IP address.
Application rules
The application rules options are used to set the configuration options for application rules
in the FireWall > Application rules section.
Advanced settings
If this option is enabled, you can regulate different network accesses of an application
on an individual basis.
Basic settings
If this option is enabled, only one action can be set for different network accesses of
the application.
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11.5.5 Popup settings
Options available in expert mode only.
Inspect process launch stack
If this option is enabled, the process stack inspection allows a more accurate
control.The FireWall will assume that any of the untrustworthy processes in the stack
may actually be the one accessing the network through its child process. Therefore a
different popup window will be opened for each untrustworthy process in the process
stack. This option is disabled as the default setting.
Allow multiple popups per process
If this option is enabled, every time an application is making a network connection, a
popup is triggered. Alternatively you will be informed only on the first connection
attempt. This option is disabled as the default setting.
Remember the action for this application
Always enabled
When this option is enabled, the option "Remember action for this application" of
the dialog box "Network event" is enabled as the default setting.
Always disabled
When this option is enabled, the option "Remember action for this application" of
the dialog box "Network event" is disabled as the default setting.
Enabled for signed applications
When this option is enabled, the option "Remember action for this application" of
the dialog box "Network event" is automatically enabled during network access by
signed applications. Signed applications are distributed by so-called "trusted vendors"
(see Trusted Vendors).
Remember last used state
When this option is enabled, the option "Remember action for this application" in
the dialog box "Network event" is enabled in the same way as for the last network
event. If the option "Remember action for this application" was enabled, this option
is enabled for the following network event. If the option "Remember action for this
application" was disabled for the last network event, this option is also disabled for
the following network event.
Show details
In this group of configuration options, you can setup the display of detailed information in
the Network event window.
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Show details on demand
If this option is enabled, the detailed information is only displayed in the "Network
event" window on request, i.e. the detailed information is displayed by clicking on the
"Show details" button in the "Network event" window.
Always show details
If this option is enabled, detailed information is always displayed in the "Network
event" window.
Remember last used state
If this option is enabled, the display of detailed information is managed in the same
way as for the previous network event. If detailed information was displayed or
accessed during the last network event, detailed information is displayed for the
following network event. If detailed information was hidden and not displayed during
the last network event, detailed information is not displayed for the following network
event.
11.6 Firewall under SMC
The FireWall is configured to meet the specific requirements of administration through the
Avira Management Console. Extended options and restrictions exist for individual
configuration options:

The FireWall settings apply to all users of the client computer

Adapter rules: Security levels for individual adapters can be set using context menus

Application rules: Network access by applications can be allowed or denied. There is no
way of creating specific application rules.
If your Avira product is managed by the Avira Management Console, the following FireWall
setting options in the Control Center are deactivated on client computers:

Setting of the FireWall security levels

Setting of adapter and application rules
11.6.1 General settings
Options available in expert mode only.
Advanced options
Enable FireWall
If the option is activated, the Avira FireWall is enabled and protects your computer
from risks originating from the Internet and other networks.
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Stop Windows FireWall on startup
If this option is enabled, the Windows FireWall is deactivated when the computer is
rebooted. This option is enabled as the default setting.
Learn mode
If the option is activated, the learn mode of Avira FireWall is enabled.
Automatic rule timeout
Block forever
If this option is enabled, a rule that was automatically created, for example, during a
port scan is retained.
Remove rule after n seconds
If this option is enabled, a rule that was automatically created for example during a
port scan, is removed again after the time you have defined. This option is enabled as
the default setting.
Generic adapter rules
Optionen nur bei aktiviertem Expertenmodus verfügbar.
Network connections that have been set up are designated adapters. Adapter rules can be
drawn up for the following Client network connections:

Default adapter: LAN or high-speed Internet

Wireless

Dial-up connection
From the adapter's context menu (in the Generic adapter rules window, right-click My
Computer or Default, Wireless, Dial-up, etc) you can specify predefined adapter rules for
each available adapter:

Set security level Low

Set security level Medium

Set security level High
You also have the option of modifying individual adapter rules to suit your own particular
requirements.
Note
The default security level setting for all predefined rules of the Avira FireWall is
Medium.

ICMP protocol
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
TCP Port Scan

UDP Port Scan

Incoming rules

Incoming IP protocol rule

Outgoing rules

Buttons to manage the rules
ICMP protocol
The Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) is used to exchange error and information
messages on networks. The protocol is also used for status messages with ping or tracer.
With this rule, you can define the incoming and outgoing blocked message types, the
behavior in case of flooding and the reaction to fragmented ICMP packets. This rule
serves for preventing so-called ICMP flood attacks, which results in an increase of the
CPU load of the attacked machine as it responds to every packet.
Predefined rules for the ICMP protocol
Setting
Rules
Low
Incoming blocked types: no type.
Outgoing blocked types: no type.
Assume flooding if delay between packets is less
than 50 ms.
Reject fragmented ICMP packets.
Medium
Same rule as for the low level.
High
Incoming blocked types: several types
Outgoing blocked types: several types
Assume flooding if delay between packets is less
than 50 ms.
Reject fragmented ICMP packets.
Incoming blocked types: no types/several types
With a mouse click on the link a list of ICMP packet types is displayed. From this list
you can specify the desired incoming ICMP message types you want to block.
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Outgoing blocked types: no types/several types
With a mouse click on the link a list of ICMP packet types is displayed. From this list
you can select the desired outgoing ICMP message types you want to block.
Flooding
With a mouse click on the link, a dialog box is displayed where you can enter the
maximum allowed ICMPA delay.
Fragmented ICMP packets
With a mouse click on the link, you have the choice to reject or not to reject
fragmented ICMP packets.
TCP port scan
With this rule, you can define when a TCP port scan is assumed by the FireWall and what
should be done in this case. This rule serves for preventing so-called TCP port scan
attacks that result in a detection of open TCP ports on your computer. This kind of attack is
used to search a computer for weak spots and is often followed by more dangerous attack
types.
Predefined rules for the TCP port scan
Setting
Rules
Low
Assume a TCP port scan if 50 or more ports were
scanned in 5,000 milliseconds.
When detected, log attacker's IP and don't add rule
to block the attack.
Medium
Assume a TCP port scan if 50 or more ports were
scanned in 5,000 milliseconds.
When detected, log attacker's IP and add rule to
block the attack.
High
Same rule as for medium level.
Ports
With a mouse click on the link a dialog box appears in which you can enter the number
of ports that must have been scanned so that a TCP port scan is assumed.
Port scan time window
With a mouse click on this link a dialog box appears in which you can enter the time
span for a certain number of port scans, so that a TCP port scan is assumed.
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Report file
With a mouse click on the link you have the choice to log or not to log the attacker's IP
address.
Rule
With a mouse click on the link you have the choice to add or not to add the rule to
block the TCP port scan attack.
UDP port scan
With this rule, you can define when a UDP port scan is assumed by the FireWall and what
should be done in this case. This rule prevents so-called UDP port scan attacks that result
in a detection of open UDP ports on your computer. This kind of attack is used to search a
computer for weak spots and is often followed by more dangerous attack types.
Predefined rules for the UDP port scan
Setting
Rules
Low
Assume a UDP port scan if 50 or more ports were
scanned in 5,000 milliseconds.
When detected, log attacker's IP and don't add
rule to block the attack.
Medium
Assume a UDP port scan if 50 or more ports were
scanned in 5,000 milliseconds.
When detected, log attacker's IP and add rule to
block the attack.
High
Same rule as for medium level.
Ports
With a mouse click on the link a dialog box appears in which you can enter the number
of ports that must have been scanned so that a UDP port scan is assumed.
Port scan time window
With a mouse click on this link a dialog box appears in which you can enter the time
span for a certain number of port scans, so that a UDP port scan is assumed.
Report file
With a mouse click on the link you have the choice to log or not to log the attacker's IP
address.
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Rule
With a mouse click on the link you have the choice to add or not to add the rule to
block the UDP port scan attack.
11.6.2 Incoming Rules
Incoming rules are defined to control incoming data traffic by the Avira FireWall.
Warning
When a packet is filtered the corresponding rules are applied successively,
therefore the rule order is very important. Change the rule order only if you are
completely aware of what you are doing.
Predefined rules for the TCP traffic monitor
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Setting
Rules
Low
No incoming data traffic is blocked by the Avira
FireWall.
Medium

Allow established TCP connections on 135
Allow TCP packets from address 0.0.0.0 with mask
0.0.0.0 if local ports in {135} and remote ports in
{0-65535}.
Apply for packets of existing connections.
Don't log when packet matches rule.
Advanced: Discard packets that have following
bytes <empty> with mask <empty> at offset 0

Deny TCP packets on 135
Deny TCP packets from address 0.0.0.0 with mask
0.0.0.0 if local ports in {135} and remote ports in {065535}.
Apply for all packets.
Don't log when packet matches rule.
Advanced: Discard packets that have following
bytes <empty> with mask <empty> at offset 0.

Monitor TCP healthy data traffic
Allow TCP packets from address 0.0.0.0 with mask
0.0.0.0 if local ports in {0-65535} and remote ports
in {0-65535}.
Apply for connection initiation and existing
connection packets.
Don't log when packet matches rule.
Advanced: Discard packets that have following
bytes <empty> with mask <empty> at offset 0.

Deny all TCP packets
Deny TCP packets from address 0.0.0.0 with mask
0.0.0.0 if local ports are in range {0-65535} and the
remote port is in range {0-65535}.
Apply for all packets.
Don't log when packet matches rule.
Advanced: Discard packets that have following
bytes <empty> with mask <empty> at offset 0.
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High
Monitor established TCP data traffic
Allow TCP packets from address 0.0.0.0 with mask
0.0.0.0 if local ports in {0-65535} and remote ports in
{0-65535}.
Apply for packets of existing connections.
Don't log when packet matches rule.
Advanced: Discard packets that have following bytes
<empty> with mask <empty> at offset 0.
Accept / reject TCP packets
With a mouse click on the link you have the choice to allow or deny special defined
incoming TCP packets.
IP address
By clicking on this link with the mouse, a dialog box opens in which you can enter the
required IPv4 or IPv6 address.
IP mask
By clicking on this link with the mouse, a dialog box opens in which you can enter the
required IPv4 or IPv6 mask.
Local ports
With a mouse click on this link a dialog box appears in which you can define the local
port number(s) or complete port ranges.
Remote ports
With a mouse click on this link a dialog box appears in which you can define the
remote port number(s) or complete port ranges.
Application method
With a mouse click on this link you have the choice to apply the rule for connection
initiation and existing connection packets or only for packets of existing connections or
for all packets.
Report file
By clicking on the link with the mouse you can decide whether to write to a report file
or not if the package complies with the rule.
The advanced feature enables content filtering. For example packets can be rejected if
they contain some specific data at a certain offset. If you do not want to use this option do
not select a file or choose an empty file.
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Filtered content: Data
With a mouse click on the link a dialog box appears in which you can select a file that
contains the specific buffer.
Filtered content: Mask
With a mouse click on the link a dialog box appears in which you can select the
specific mask.
Filtered content: Offset
With a mouse click on the link a dialog box appears in which you can define the filtered
content offset. The offset is computed from where TCP header ends.
Predefined rules for the UDP traffic data monitor
Setting
Rules
Low
-
Medium

Monitor UDP accepted data traffic
Allow UDP packets from address 0.0.0.0 with
mask 0.0.0.0 if local port is in {0- 66535} and
remote port is in {0-66535}.
Apply rule to open ports.
Don't log when packet matches rule.
Advanced: Discard packets that have following
bytes <empty> with mask <empty> at offset 0.

Deny all UDP packets
Deny UDP packets from address 0.0.0.0 with
mask 0.0.0.0 if local ports are in range {0-65535}
and the remote port is in range {0-65535}.
Apply for all ports.
Don't log when packet matches rule.
Advanced: Discard packets that have following
bytes <empty> with mask <empty> at offset 0.
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High
Monitor established UDP
traffic
Allow UDP packets from address 0.0.0.0 with mask
0.0.0.0 if the local port is in range {0-65535} and the
remote port is in range {53, 67, 68, 123}.
Apply rule to open ports.
Don't log when packet matches rule.
Advanced: Discard packets that have following bytes
<empty> with mask <empty> at offset 0.
Accept / reject UDP packets
With a mouse click on the link you have the choice to allow or deny special defined
incoming UDP packets.
IP address
By clicking on this link with the mouse, a dialog box opens in which you can enter the
required IPv4 or IPv6 address.
IP mask
By clicking on this link with the mouse, a dialog box opens in which you can enter the
required IPv4 or IPv6 mask.
Local ports
With a mouse click on this link a dialog box appears in which you can define the local
port number(s) or complete port ranges.
Remote ports
With a mouse click on this link a dialog box appears in which you can define the
remote port number(s) or complete port ranges.
Application method
With a mouse click on this link you have the choice to apply this rule to all ports or only
to all opened ports.
Report file
By clicking on the link with the mouse you can decide whether to write to a report file
or not if the package complies with the rule.
The advanced feature enables content filtering. For example packets can be rejected if
they contain some specific data at a certain offset. If you do not want to use this option do
not select a file or choose an empty file.
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Filtered content: Data
With a mouse click on the link a dialog box appears in which you can select a file that
contains the specific buffer.
Filtered content: Mask
With a mouse click on the link a dialog box appears in which you can select the
specific mask.
Filtered content: Offset
With a mouse click on the link a dialog box appears in which you can define the filtered
content offset. The offset is computed from where UDP header ends.
Predefined rules for the ICMP traffic data monitor
Setting
Rules
Low
-
Medium
Do not discard ICMP based on IP address
Allow ICMP packets from address 0.0.0.0 with
mask 0.0.0.0.
Don't log when packet matches rule.
Advanced: Discard packets that have following
bytes <empty> with mask <empty> at offset 0.
High
Same rule as for medium level.
Accept / reject ICMP packets
With a mouse click on the link you have the choice to allow or deny special defined
incoming ICMP packets.
IP address
By clicking on this link with the mouse, a dialog box opens in which you can enter the
required IPv4 or IPv6 address.
IP mask
By clicking on this link with the mouse, a dialog box opens in which you can enter the
required IPv4 or IPv6 mask.
Report file
By clicking on the link with the mouse you can decide whether to write to a report file
or not if the package complies with the rule.
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The advanced feature enables content filtering. For example packets can be rejected if
they contain some specific data at a certain offset. If you do not want to use this option do
not select a file or choose an empty file.
Filtered content: Data
With a mouse click on the link a dialog box appears in which you can select a file that
contains the specific buffer.
Filtered content: Mask
With a mouse click on the link a dialog box appears in which you can select the
specific mask.
Filtered content: Offset
With a mouse click on the link a dialog box appears in which you can define the filtered
content offset. The offset is computed from where ICMP header ends.
Predefined rules for IP packets
Setting
Rules
Low
-
Medium
-
High
Deny all IP packets
Deny IP packets from address 0.0.0.0 with mask
0.0.0.0.
Don't log when packet matches rule.
Accept / deny IP packets
By clicking on the link with the mouse, you can decide whether you want to accept or
reject specially defined IP packages.
IP address
By clicking on this link with the mouse, a dialog box opens in which you can enter the
required IPv4 or IPv6 address.
IP mask
By clicking on this link with the mouse, a dialog box opens in which you can enter the
required IPv4 or IPv6 mask.
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Report file
By clicking on the link with the mouse you can decide whether to write to a report file
or not if the package complies with the rule.
Incoming IP Protocol rule
IP packages
By clicking on the link with the mouse, you can decide whether you want to accept or
reject specially defined IP packages.
IP address
By clicking on this link with the mouse, a dialog box opens in which you can enter the
required IPv4 or IPv6 address.
IP mask
By clicking on this link with the mouse, a dialog box opens in which you can enter the
required IPv4 or IPv6 mask.
Protocol
By clicking on this link with the mouse, a dialog box opens in which you can enter the
required IP protocol.
Report file
By clicking on the link with the mouse you can decide whether to write to a report file
or not if the package complies with the rule.
Outgoing Rules
Outgoing rules are defined to control outgoing data traffic by the Avira FireWall. You can
define an outgoing rule for one of the following protocols: IP, ICMP, UDP and TCP. See
Add new rule.
Warning
When a packet is filtered the corresponding rules are applied successively,
therefore the rule order is very important. Change the rule order only if you are
completely aware of what you are doing.
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Buttons to manage the rules
Button
Description
Add rule
Allows you to create a new rule. If you press this button, the "Add new rule"
dialog box is opened. In this dialog box you can select new rules.
Remove
rule
Removes the selected rule.
Rule up
Moves the selected rule up one line, i.e. increases the rule priority.
Rule
down
Moves the selected rule down one line, i.e. reduces the rule priority.
Rename
rule
Allows you to give the selected rule another name.
Note
You can add new rules for individual adapters or for all adapters present on the
computer. To add an adapter rule for all adapters, select My Computer from
the adapter hierarchy that is displayed and click on the Add rule button. See
Add new rule.
Note
To change the position of a rule you can also use the mouse to drag the rule to
the required position.
11.6.3 Application list
You can use the application list to create rules specifying how applications access
networks. You can add applications to lists and set the Allow and Deny rules for the
selected application using a context menu:

Access to networks by applications with the Allow rule is permitted.

Access to networks by applications with the Deny rule is denied.
When applications are added, the Allow rule is set.
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Application list
This table shows the list of applications for which rules are defined. The symbols indicate
whether network access by the applications is allowed or denied. The rules for the
applications can be changed using a context menu.
Buttons
Button
Description
Add by
path
This button opens a dialog box in which you can select applications. The
application is added to the application list with the rule "Allow". If you use the
option "Add by path" the added FireWall application are identified by path and
file name. Rules for an application remain valid and will be used by the
FireWall, even if the content of an added executable file has been changed,
e.g. by an update.
Add by
md5
This button opens a dialog box in which you can select applications. The
application is added to the application list with the rule "Allow". If you use the
option "Add by md5" all added applications are uniquely identified using the
MD5 checksum. This allows the FireWall to identify changes to the file content.
If an application changes following an update, for example, the application with
the rule in question is automatically removed from the application list.
Following a change, the application must be added to the list again and the
desired rule reapplied.
Add
group
This button opens a dialog box in which you can select a directory. All
applications in the selected path are added to the application list with the rule
"Allow".
Remove
The selected application rule is removed.
Remove
all
All application rules are removed.
11.6.4 Trusted vendors
A list of trusted software producers is displayed under Trusted vendors. Applications from
the listed software manufacturers will be granted access to the network. You can add and
remove manufacturers from the list.
Vendors
The list shows all vendors classified as trusted.
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Buttons
Button
Description
Add
This button opens a dialog box in which you can select applications. The
manufacturer of the application is established and added to the list of trusted
vendors.
Add
group
This button opens a dialog box in which you can select a directory. The
manufacturers of all the applications in the selected path are established and
added to the list of trusted vendors.
Remove
The highlighted entry is removed from the list of trusted vendors. To
permanently remove the selected provider from the list, click "Apply" or "OK"
in the configuration window.
Remove
all
All entries are removed from the list of trusted vendors.
Reload
The changes made are reversed. The last list saved is loaded.
Note
If you remove vendors from the list and then select Apply the vendors will be
permanently removed from the list. The change cannot be reversed with
Reload.
Note
The FireWall prioritizes application rules before making entries in the list of
trusted vendors: If you have created an application rule and the application
provider is listed in the list of trusted vendors, the application rule will be
executed.
11.6.5 Further settings
Options available in expert mode only.
Notifications
Notifications define the events under which you wish to receive a desktop notification from
the FireWall.
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Port scan
If the option is activated, you will receive a desktop notification if a port scan has been
detected by the FireWall.
Flooding
If the option is activated, you will receive a desktop notification if a flooding attack has
been detected by the FireWall.
Applications blocked
If the option is activated, you will receive a desktop notification if the FireWall has
denied, i.e. blocked, network activity by an application.
IP blocked
If the option is activated, you will receive a desktop notification if the FireWall has
denied, i.e. blocked, data traffic from an IP address.
Popup settings
Inspect process launch stack
If this option is enabled, the process stack inspection allows a more accurate control.
The FireWall will assume that any of the untrustworthy processes in the stack may
actually be the one accessing the network through its child process. Therefore a
different popup window will be opened for each untrustworthy process in the process
stack. This option is disabled as the default setting.
Allow multiple popups per process
If this option is enabled, every time an application is making a network connection, a
popup is triggered. Alternatively you will be informed only on the first connection
attempt. This option is disabled as the default setting.
11.6.6 Display settings
Options available in expert mode only.
Remember the action for this application
Always enabled
When this option is enabled, the option "Remember action for this application" of
the dialog box "Network event" is enabled as the default setting. This option is
enabled as the default setting.
Always disabled
When this option is enabled, the option "Remember action for this application" of
the dialog box "Network event" is disabled as the default setting.
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Enabled for signed applications
When this option is enabled, the option "Remember action for this application" of
the dialog box "Network event" is automatically enabled during network access by
signed applications. The manufacturers are: Microsoft, Mozilla, Opera, Yahoo, Google,
Hewlet Packard, Sun, Skype, Adobe, Lexmark, Creative Labs, ATI, nVidia.
Remember last used state
When this option is enabled, the option "Remember action for this application" in
the dialog box "Network event" is enabled in the same way as for the last network
event. If the option "Remember action for this application" was enabled, this option
is enabled for the following network event. If the option "Remember action for this
application" was disabled for the last network event, this option is also disabled for
the following network event.
Show details
In this group of configuration options, you can setup the display of detailed information in
the Network event window.
Show details on demand
If this option is enabled, the detailed information is only displayed in the "Network
event" window on request, i.e. the detailed information is displayed by clicking on the
"Show details" button in the "Network event" window.
Always show details
If this option is enabled, detailed information is always displayed in the "Network
event" window.
Remember last used state
If this option is enabled, the display of detailed information is managed in the same
way as for the previous network event. If detailed information was displayed or
accessed during the last network event, detailed information is displayed for the
following network event. If detailed information was hidden and not displayed during
the last network event, detailed information is not displayed for the following network
event.
11.7 Web Protection
The Web Protection section under Configuration > Online protection is responsible for
the configuration of the Web Protection. (Options available in expert mode only.)
11.7.1 Scan
Web Protection protects you against viruses or malware that reach your computer from
web pages that you load on your web browser from the Internet. The Scan options can be
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used to set the behavior of the Web Protection component. (Options available in expert
mode only.)
Scan
Enable Web Protection
If this option is enabled, the Web Protection feature is active.
Enable IPv6 support
If this option is enabled, Internet Protocol version 6 is supported by the Web
Protection.
Drive-by protection
Drive-by protection allows you to make settings to block I-Frames, also known as inline
frames. I-Frames are HTML elements, i.e. elements of Internet pages that delimit an area
of a web page. I-Frames can be used to load and display different web content - usually
other URLs - as independent documents in a sub-window of the browser. I-Frames are
mostly used for banner advertising. In some cases, I-Frames are used to conceal
malware. In these cases the area of the I-Frame is mostly invisible or almost invisible in
the browser. The Block suspicious I-frames option allows you to check and block the
loading of I-Frames.
Block suspicious I-frames
If this option is enabled, I-Frames on the web pages you request are scanned
according to certain criteria. If there are suspect I-Frames on a requested web page,
the I-Frame is blocked. An error message is displayed in the I-Frame window.
Action on detection
You can define the actions to be performed by Web Protection when a virus or unwanted
program is detected. (Options available in expert mode only.)
Interactive
If this option is enabled, a dialog box appears when a virus or unwanted program is
detected during an on-demand scan, in which you can choose what is to be done with
the affected file. This option is enabled as the default setting.
Show progress bar
If this option is enabled, a desktop notification appears with a download progress bar if
a download of website content exceeds a 20 second timeout. This desktop notification
is designed in particular for downloading websites with larger data volumes: If you are
surfing with Web Protection, website contents are not downloaded incrementally in the
Internet browser, as they are scanned for viruses and malware before being displayed
in the Internet browser. This option is disabled as the default setting.
Permitted actions
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In this box actions can be specified, which can be selected to be displayed in case of a
virus detection. You must activate the corresponding options for this.
Deny access
The website requested from the web server and/or any data or files transferred are not
sent to your web browser. An error message to notify you that access has been denied
is displayed in the web browser. Web Protection logs the detection to the report file if
the report function is activated.
Quarantine
In the event of a virus or malware being detected, the website requested from the web
server and/or the transferred data and files are moved into quarantine. The affected
file can be recovered from the quarantine manager if it has any informative value or - if
necessary - sent to the Avira Malware Research Center.
Ignore
The website requested from the web server and/or the data and files that were
transferred are forwarded on by Web Protection to your web browser.
Default
This button allows you to select an action that is activated in the dialog box by default
when a virus is detected. Select the action that is to be activated by default and click
on the "Default" button.
Click here for more information.
Automatic
If this option is enabled, no dialog box in case of a virus detection appears. Web
Protection reacts according to the settings you predefine in this section as primary and
secondary action.
Display detection alerts
If this option is activated, then for each detection of a virus or unwanted program an
alert appears showing the actions being executed.
Primary action
The primary action is the action performed when Web Protection finds a virus or an
unwanted program.
Deny access
The website requested from the web server and/ or any data or files transferred are
not sent to your web browser. An error message to notify you that access has been
denied is displayed in the web browser. Web Protection logs the detection to the report
file if the report function is activated.
Quarantine
In the event of a virus or malware being detected, the website requested from the web
server and/ or the transferred data and files are moved into quarantine. The affected
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file can be recovered from the quarantine manager if it has any informative value or - if
necessary - sent to the Avira Malware Research Center.
Ignore
The website requested from the web server and/ or the data and files that were
transferred are forwarded on by Web Protection to your web browser. Access to the
file is permitted and the file is ignored.
Warning
The affected file remains active on your workstation! It may cause serious
damage on your workstation!
Blocked requests
In Blocked requests you can specify the file types and MIME types (content types for the
transferred data) to be blocked by Web Protection. The Web filter lets you block known
phishing and malware URLs. Web Protection prevents the transfer of data from the
Internet to your computer system. (Options available in expert mode only.)
Web Protection blocks the following file types / MIME-Types
All file types and MIME types (content types for the transferred data) in the list are blocked
by Web Protection.
Input box
In this box, enter the names of the MIME types and file types you want Web Protection
to block. For file types, enter the file extension, e.g. .htm. For MIME types, indicate the
media type and, where applicable, sub-type. The two statements are separated from
one another by a single slash, e.g. video/mpeg or audio/x-wav.
Note
Files which are already stored on your system as temporary Internet files and
blocked by Web Protection can, however, be downloaded locally from the
Internet by your computer's Internet browser. Temporary Internet files are files
saved on your computer by the Internet browser so that websites can be
accessed more quickly.
Note
The list of blocked file and MIME types is ignored if they are entered in the list of
excluded file and MIME types under Web Protection > Scan > Exceptions.
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Note
No wildcards (* for any number of characters or ? for a single character) can be
used when entering file types and MIME types.
MIME types: Examples for media types:
text = for text files
image = for graphics files
video = for video files
audio = for sound files
application = for files linked to a particular program
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Examples of excluded file and MIME types
application/octet-stream = application/octet-stream MIME type files
(executable files *.bin, *.exe, *.com, *dll, *.class) are blocked by Web Protection.
application/olescript = application/olescript MIME type files (ActiveX scriptfiles *.axs) are blocked by Web Protection.
.exe = All files with the extension .exe (executable files) are blocked by Web
Protection.
.msi = All files with the extension .msi (Windows Installer files) are blocked by Web
Protection.
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Add
The button allows you to copy MIME and file types from the input field into the display
window.
Delete
The button deletes a selected entry from the list. This button is inactive if no entry is
selected.
Web Filter
The web filter is based on an internal database, updated daily, that classifies URLs
according to content.
Activate web filter
When the option is enabled, all URLs matching the selected categories in the Web
filter list are blocked.
Web filter list
In the Web filter list you can select the content categories whose URLs are to be
blocked by Web Protection.
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Note
The Web filter is ignored for entries in the list of excluded URLs under Web
Protection > Scan > Exceptions.
Note
Spam URLs are URLs sent with spam emails. The Fraud / Deception category
covers web pages with “Subscription Expires” and other offers of services
whose costs are hidden by the provider.
Exceptions
These options allow you to set exceptions based on MIME types (content types for the
transferred data) and file types for URLs (Internet addresses) for scanning by Web
Protection. The MIME types and URLs specified are ignored by Web Protection, i.e. that
data is not scanned for viruses and malware when it is transferred to your computer
system. (Options available in expert mode only.)
MIME types skipped by Web Protection
In this field you can select the MIME types (content types for the transferred data) to be
ignored by Web Protection during scanning.
File types/MIME types skipped by Web Protection (user-defined)
All MIME types (content types for the transferred data) in the list are ignored by Web
Protection during scanning.
Input box
In this box you can input the name of the MIME types and file types to be ignored by
Web Protection during scanning. For file types, enter the file extension, e.g. .htm. For
MIME types, indicate the media type and, where applicable, sub-type. The two
statements are separated from one another by a single slash, e.g. video/mpeg or
audio/x-wav.
Note
No wildcards (* for any number of characters or ? for a single character) can be
used when entering file types and MIME types.
Warning
All file types and content types on the exclusion list are downloaded into the
Internet browser without further scanning of the blocked requests (List of file
and MIME types to be blocked in Web Protection > Scan > Blocked requests) or
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by Web Protection: For all entries on the exclusion list, the entries on the list of
file and MIME types to be blocked are ignored. No scan for viruses and
malware is performed.
MIME types: Examples for media types:
text = for text files
image = for graphics files
video = for video files
audio = for sound files
application = for files linked to a particular program
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Examples of excluded file and MIME types:
audio/ = All audio media type files are excluded from Web Protection scans
video/quicktime = All Quicktime sub-type video files (*.qt, *.mov) are excluded
from Web Protection scans
.pdf = All Adobe PDF files are excluded from Web Protection scans.
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Add
The button allows you to copy MIME and file types from the input field into the display
window.
Delete
The button deletes a selected entry from the list. This button is inactive if no entry is
selected.
URLs skipped by Web Protection
All URLs in this list are excluded from Web Protection scans.
Input box
In this box you can input URLs (Internet addresses) to be excluded from Web
Protection scans, e.g. www.domainname.com. You can specify parts of the URL,
using leading or following dots to indicate the domain level: .domainname.com for all
pages and all subdomains of the domain. Indicate websites with any top-level domain
(.com or .net) with a following dot: domainname.. If you indicate a string without a
leading or concluding dot, the string is interpreted as a top-level domain, e.g. net for
all NET domains (www.domain.net).
Note
You can also use the wildcard * for any number of characters when specifying
URLs. You can also use leading or following dots in combination with wildcards
to indicate the domain level:
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.domainname.*
*.domainname.com
.*name*.com (valid but not recommended)
Specifications without dots, like *name*, are interpreted as part of a top-level
domain and are not advisable.
Warning
All websites on the list of excluded URLs are downloaded into the Internet
browser without further scanning by the web filter or by Web Protection: For all
entries in the list of excluded URLs, the entries in the web filter (see Web
Protection > Scan > Blocked requests) are ignored. No scan for viruses and
malware is performed. Only trusted URLs should therefore be excluded from
Web Protection scans.
Add
The button allows you to copy the URL entered in the input field (Internet address) to
the viewer window.
Delete
The button deletes a selected entry from the list. This button is inactive if no entry is
selected.
Examples: Skipped URLs
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www.avira.com -OR- www.avira.com/*
= All URLs with the domain www.avira.com are excluded from Web Protection
scans: www.avira.com/en/pages/index.php, www.avira.com/en/support/index.html,
www.avira.com/en/download/index.html, etc.
URLs with the domain www.avira.de are not excluded from Web Protection scans.
avira.com -OR- *.avira.com
= All URLs with the second and top-level domain avira.com are excluded from
Web Protection scans: The specification implies all existing subdomains for
.avira.com: www.avira.com, forum.avira.com, etc.
avira. -OR- *.avira.*
= All URLs with the second-level domain avira are excluded from Web Protection
scans: The specification implies all existing top-level domains or subdomains for
.avira: www.avira.com, www.avira.de, forum.avira.com, etc.
.*domain*.*
All URLs containing a second-level domain with the string domain are excluded from
Web Protection scans: www.domain.com, www.new-domain.de, www.sampledomain1.de, ...
net -OR- *.net
= All URLs with the top-level domain net are excluded from Web Protection scans:
www.name1.net, www.name2.net, etc.
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Warning
Enter the URLs you want to exclude from the Web Protection scan as precisely
as possible. Avoid specifying an entire top-level domain or parts of a secondlevel domain because there is a risk that Internet pages that distribute malware
and undesirable programs will be excluded from the Web Protection scan
through global specifications under exclusions. You are recommended to
specify at least the complete second-level domain and the top-level domain:
domainname.com
Heuristic
This configuration section contains the settings for the heuristic of the scan
engine. (Options available in expert mode only.)
Avira products contain very powerful heuristics that can proactively uncover unknown
malware, i.e. before a special virus signature to combat the damaging element has been
created and before a virus guard update has been sent. Virus detection involves an
extensive analysis and investigation of the affected codes for functions typical of malware.
If the code being scanned exhibits these characteristic features, it is reported as being
suspicious. This does not necessarily mean that the code is in fact malware. False
positives do sometimes occur. The decision on how to handle affected code is to be made
by the user, e.g. based on his or her knowledge of whether the source of the code is
trustworthy or not.
Macrovirus heuristic
Your Avira product contains a highly powerful macrovirus heuristic. If this option is
enabled, all macros in the relevant document are deleted in the event of a repair,
alternatively suspect documents are only reported, i.e. you receive an alert. This
option is enabled as the default setting and is recommended.
Advanced Heuristic Analysis and Detection (AHeAD)
enable AHeAD
Your Avira program contains a very powerful heuristic in the form of Avira AHeAD
technology, which can also detect unknown (new) malware. If this option is enabled,
you can define how "aggressive" this heuristic should be. This option is enabled as the
default setting.
Low detection level
If this option is enabled, slightly less unknown malware is detected, the risk of false
alerts is low in this case.
Medium detection level
This option is enabled as the default setting if you have selected the use of this
heuristic.
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High detection level
If this option is enabled, significantly more unknown malware is detected, but there are
also likely to be false positives.
11.7.2 Report
The Web Protection includes an extensive logging function to provide the user or
administrator with exact notes about the type and manner of a detection.
Reporting
This group allows for the content of the report file to be determined.
Off
If this option is enabled, then Web Protection does not create a log.
It is recommended that you should turn off the logging function only in exceptional
cases, such as if you are executing trials with multiple viruses or unwanted programs.
Default
If this option is enabled, Web Protection records important information (concerning
detections, alerts and errors) in the report file, with less important information ignored
for improved clarity. This option is enabled as the default setting.
Advanced
If this option is enabled, Web Protection logs less important information to the report
file as well.
Complete
If this option is enabled, Web Protection logs all available information in the report file,
including file size, file type, date, etc.
Limit report file
Limit size to n MB
If this option is enabled, the report file can be limited to a certain size; possible values:
Permitted values are between 1 and 100 MB. Around 50 kilobytes of extra space are
allowed when limiting the size of the report file to minimize the use of system
resources. If the size of the log file exceeds the indicated size by more than 50
kilobytes, old entries are then deleted until the indicated size has been reduced by
20%.
Write configuration in report file
If this option is enabled, the configuration of the on-access scan is recorded in the
report file.
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Note
If you have not specified any report file restriction, older entries are
automatically deleted when the report file reaches 100MB. Entries are deleted
until the size of the report file reaches 80 MB.
11.8 Mail Protection
The Mail Protection section of the Configuration is responsible for the configuration of the
Mail Protection.
11.8.1 Scan
Use Mail Protection to scan incoming emails for viruses and malware . Outgoing emails
can be scanned for viruses and malware by Mail Protection.
Enable Mail Protection
If this option is enabled, email traffic is monitored by Mail Protection. Mail Protection is
a proxy server which checks data traffic between the email server you use and the
email client program on your computer system: incoming emails are scanned for
malware by default. If this option is disabled, the Mail Protection service is still started,
but monitoring by Mail Protection is disabled.
Scan incoming emails
If this option is enabled, incoming emails are scanned for viruses and malware. Mail
Protection supports POP3 and IMAP protocols. Enable the inbox account used by your
email client to receive emails for monitoring by Mail Protection.
Monitor POP3 accounts
If this option is enabled, the POP3 accounts are monitored on the specified ports.
Monitored ports
In this field you should enter the port to be used as the inbox by the POP3 protocol.
Multiple ports are separated by commas. (Option available in expert mode only.)
Default
This button resets the specified port to the default POP3 port. (Option available in
expert mode only.)
Monitor IMAP accounts
If this option is enabled, the IMAP accounts are monitored on the specified ports.
Monitored ports
In this field you should enter the port to be used as the inbox by the IMAP protocol.
Multiple ports are separated by commas. (Option available in expert mode only.)
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Default
This button resets the specified port to the default IMAP port. (Option available in
expert mode only.)
Scan outgoing emails (SMTP)
If this option is enabled, outgoing emails are scanned for viruses and malware.
Monitored ports
In this field you should enter the port to be used as the outbox by the SMTP protocol.
Multiple ports are separated by commas. (Option available in expert mode only.)
Default
This button resets the specified port to the default SMTP port. (Option available in
expert mode only.)
Note
To verify the protocols and ports used, call up the properties of your email
accounts in your email client program. Default ports are mostly used.
Enable IPv6 support
If this option is enabled, Internet Protocol version 6 is supported by the Mail
Protection. (Option available in expert mode only.)
Action on detection
This configuration section contains settings for actions performed when Mail Protection
finds a virus or unwanted program in an email or in an attachment. (Options available in
expert mode only.)
Note
These actions are performed both when a virus is detected in incoming emails
and when a virus is detected in outgoing emails.
Interactive
If this option is enabled, a dialog box appears when a virus or unwanted program is
detected in an email or attachment in which you can choose what is to be done with
the email or attachment concerned. This option is enabled as the default setting.
Show progress bar
If this option is enabled, the Mail Protection shows a progress bar during downloading
of emails. This option can only be enabled if the option "Interactive" has been
selected.
Permitted actions
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In this box actions can be specified, which can be selected to be displayed in case of a
virus detection. You must activate the corresponding options for this.
Move to quarantine
When this option has been activated, the email including all attachments is moved to
quarantine. It can be later be delivered via the quarantine manager. The affected email
is deleted. The body of the text and any attachments of the email are replaced by a
default text.
Delete mail
If this option is enabled, the affected email is deleted when a virus or unwanted
program is detected. The body of the text and any attachments of the email are
replaced by a default text.
Delete attachment
If this option has been activated, the affected attachment is replaced by a default text.
If the body of the email is affected, it will be erased and also replaced by a default text.
The email itself is delivered.
Move attachment to quarantine
If this option has been activated, the affected attachment is moved to quarantine and
then deleted (replaced by a default text). The body of the email is delivered. The
affected attachment can later be delivered via the quarantine manager.
Ignore
If this option is enabled, an affected email is delivered despite detection of a virus or
unwanted program.
Default
This button allows you to select an action that is activated in the dialog box by default
when a virus is detected. Select the action that should be activated by default and click
on the "Default" button.
Automatic
If this option is enabled, you are no longer notified when a virus or unwanted program
is found. Mail Protection reacts according to the settings you define in this section.
Affected emails
The action chosen for "Affected emails" is performed when the Mail Protection finds a
virus or an unwanted program in an email. If the option "Ignore" is selected, it is also
possible, under "Affected attachments", to select the process for dealing with a virus or
unwanted program detected in an attachment.
Delete
If this option is enabled, the affected email is automatically deleted if a virus or
unwanted program is found. The body of the email is replaced by the default text given
below. The same applies to all attachments included; these are also replaced by a
default text.
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Ignore
If this option is enabled, the affected email is ignored despite detection of a virus or
unwanted program. However, you can decide what is to be done with the affected
attachment:
Move to quarantine
If this option is enabled, the complete email including all attachments is placed in
Quarantine if a virus or unwanted program is found. If required, it can later be restored.
The affected email itself is deleted. The body of the email is replaced by the default
text given below. The same applies to all attachments included; these are also
replaced by a default text.
Affected attachments
The option "Affected attachments" can only be selected if the setting "Ignore" has
been selected under "Affected emails". With this option it is now possible to decide
what is to be done if a virus or unwanted program is found in an attachment.
Delete
If this option is enabled, the affected attachment is deleted if a virus or unwanted
program is found and replaced by a default text.
Ignore
If this option is enabled, the attachment is ignored despite detection of a virus or
unwanted program and delivered.
Move to quarantine
If this option is enabled, the affected attachment is placed in Quarantine and then
deleted (replaced by a default text). If required, the affected attachment(s) can later be
restored.
Warning
If you select this option, you have no protection against viruses and unwanted
programs by the Mail Protection. Only select this item if you are certain you know
what you are doing. Disable the preview in your email program, never open
attachments by double-clicking!
Further actions
This configuration section contains further settings for actions performed when Mail
Protection finds a virus or unwanted program in an email or in an attachment. (Options
available in expert mode only.)
Note
These actions are performed exclusively when a virus is detected in incoming
emails.
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Default text for deleted and moved emails
The text in this box is inserted in the email as a message instead of the affected email.
You can edit this message. A text may contain a maximum of 500 characters.
You can use the following key combination for formatting:
Ctrl + Enter = inserts a line break.
Default
The button inserts a pre-defined default text in the edit box.
Default text for deleted and moved attachments
The text in this box is inserted in the email as a message instead of the affected
attachment. You can edit this message. A text may contain a maximum of 500
characters.
You can use the following key combination for formatting:
Ctrl + Enter = inserts a line break.
Default
The button inserts a pre-defined default text in the edit box.
Heuristic
This configuration section contains the settings for the heuristic of the scan
engine. (Options available in expert mode only.)
Avira products contain very powerful heuristics that can proactively uncover unknown
malware, i.e. before a special virus signature to combat the damaging element has been
created and before a virus guard update has been sent. Virus detection involves an
extensive analysis and investigation of the affected codes for functions typical of malware.
If the code being scanned exhibits these characteristic features, it is reported as being
suspicious. This does not necessarily mean that the code is in fact malware. False
positives do sometimes occur. The decision on how to handle affected code is to be made
by the user, e.g. based on his or her knowledge of whether the source of the code is
trustworthy or not.
Macrovirus heuristic
Your Avira product contains a highly powerful macrovirus heuristic. If this option is
enabled, all macros in the relevant document are deleted in the event of a repair,
alternatively suspect documents are only reported, i.e. you receive an alert. This
option is enabled as the default setting and is recommended.
Advanced Heuristic Analysis and Detection (AHeAD)
Enable AHeAD
Your Avira program contains a very powerful heuristic in the form of Avira AHeAD
technology, which can also detect unknown (new) malware. If this option is enabled,
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you can define how "aggressive" this heuristic should be. This option is enabled as the
default setting.
Low detection level
If this option is enabled, slightly less unknown malware is detected, the risk of false
alerts is low in this case.
Medium detection level
This option is enabled as the default setting if you have selected use of this heuristic.
This option is enabled as the default setting and is recommended.
High detection level
If this option is enabled, significantly more unknown malware is detected, but there are
also likely to be false positives.
11.8.2 General
Exceptions
Scanning exceptions
This table shows you the list of email addresses excluded from scanning by Mail
Protection (white list).
Note
The list of exceptions is used exclusively by Mail Protection with regard to
incoming emails.
Scanning exceptions
Input box
In this box you enter the email address that you want to add to the list of email
addresses not to be scanned. Depending on your settings, the email address will no
longer be scanned in future by the Mail Protection.
Add
With this button you can add the email address entered in the input box to the list of
email addresses not to be scanned.
Delete
This button deletes a highlighted email address from the list.
Email address
Email that is no longer to be scanned.
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Malware
When this option is enabled, the email address is no longer scanned for malware.
Up
You can use this button to move a highlighted email address to a higher position. If no
entry is highlighted or the highlighted address is at the first position in the list, this
button is not enabled.
Down
You can use this button to move a highlighted email address to a lower position. If no
entry is highlighted or the highlighted address is at the last position in the list, this
button is not enabled.
Cache
The Mail Protection cache contains data regarding the scanned emails that is displayed as
statistical data in the Control Center under Mail Protection. (Options available in expert
mode only.)
Maximum number of emails to be stored in the cache
This field is used to set the maximum number of emails that are stored by Mail
Protection in the cache. Emails are deleted oldest first.
Maximum days for an email to be stored
The maximum storage period of an email in days is entered in this box. After this time,
the email is removed from the cache.
Empty Cache
Click on this button to delete the emails stored in the cache.
Footer
Under Footer you can configure an email footer which is displayed in the emails you
send. (Options available in expert mode only.)
This function requires activation of the Mail Protection scan of outgoing emails (see option
Scan outgoing emails (SMTP) under Configuration > Mail Protection > Scan). You can
use the defined Avira Mail Protection footer to confirm the sent email has been scanned by
a virus protection program. You also have the option of inserting text yourself for a userdefined footer. If you use both footer options, the user-defined text is preceded by the
Avira Mail Protection footer.
Footer for emails to be sent
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Attach Mail Protection footer
If this option is enabled, the Avira Mail Protection footer is displayed beneath the
message text of the sent email. The Avira Mail Protection footer confirms that the sent
email has been scanned for viruses and unwanted programs by Avira . The Avira Mail
Protection footer contains the following text: "Scanned with Avira Mail Protection
[product version] [initials and version number of search engine] [initials and version
number of virus definition file]".
Attach the following footer
If this option is enabled, the text which you insert into the input box is displayed as a
footer in sent emails.
Input box
In this input box, you can insert a text which is displayed as a footer in sent emails.
11.8.3 Report
Mail Protection includes an extensive logging function to provide the user or administrator
with exact notes about the type and manner of a detection. (Options available in expert
mode only.)
Reporting
This group allows for the content of the report file to be determined.
Off
If this option is enabled, then Mail Protection does not create a log.
It is recommended that you should turn off the logging function only in exceptional
cases, such as if you are executing trials with multiple viruses or unwanted programs.
Default
If this option is enabled, Mail Protection records important information (concerning
detections, alerts and errors) in the report file, with less important information ignored
for improved clarity. This option is enabled as the default setting.
Extended
If this option is enabled, Mail Protection logs less important information to the report
file as well.
Complete
If this option is enabled, Mail Protection logs all information to the report file.
Limit report file
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Limit size to n MB
If this option is enabled, the report file can be limited to a certain size; possible values:
Permitted values are between 1 and 100 MB. Around 50 kilobytes of extra space are
allowed when limiting the size of the report file to minimize the use of system
resources. If the size of the log file exceeds the indicated size by more than 50
kilobytes, then old entries are deleted until the indicated size minus 50 kilobytes is
reached.
Backup report file before shortening
If this option is enabled, the report file is backed up before shortening. For the save
location see Configuration > General > Directories > Report directory.
Write configuration in report file
If this option is enabled, the Mail Protection configuration is recorded in the report file.
Note
If you have not specified any report file restriction, a new report file is
automatically created when the report file reaches 100MB. A backup of the old
report file is created. Up to three backups of old report files are saved. The
oldest backups are deleted first.
11.9 General
11.9.1 Threat categories
Selection of extended threat categories (Options available in expert mode only)
Your Avira product protects you against computer viruses. In addition, you can scan
according to the following extended threat categories.

Adware

Adware/Spyware

Application

Backdoor Clients

Dialer

Double Extension Files

Fraudulent software

Games

Jokes

Phishing

Programs that violate the private domain
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
Unusual runtime packers
By clicking on the relevant box, the selected type is enabled (check mark set) or disabled
(no check mark).
Select all
If this option is enabled, all types are enabled.
Default values
This button restores the predefined default values.
Note
If a type is disabled, files recognized as being of the relevant program type are
no longer indicated. No entry is made in the report file.
11.9.2 Password
You can protect your Avira product in different areas with a password. If a password has
been issued, you will be asked for this password every time you want to open the
protected area.
Password
Enter password
Enter your required password here. For security reasons, the actual characters you
type in this space are replaced by asterisks (*). The password can only have a
maximum of 20 chars. Once the password has been issued, the program refuses
access if an incorrect password is entered. An empty box means "No password".
Confirmation
Confirm the password entered above by entering again here. For security reasons, the
actual characters you type in this space are replaced by asterisks (*).
Note
The password is case-sensitive!
Areas protected by password (Options available in expert mode only)
Your Avira product can protect individual areas with a password. By clicking the relevant
box, the password request can be disabled or re-enabled for individual areas as required.
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Password-protected
area
Function
Control Center
If this option is enabled, the pre-defined
password is required to start the Control
Center.
Activate /
deactivate
Realtime
Protection
If this option is enabled, the pre-defined
password is required to enable or disable
AntiVir Realtime Protection.
Activate /
deactivate Mail
Protection
If this option is enabled, the pre-defined
password is required to enable/disable Mail
Protection.
Activate /
deactivate
FireWall
If this option is enabled, the pre-defined
password is required to enable/disable the
FireWall.
Activate /
deactivate Web
Protection
If this option is enabled, the pre-defined
password is required to enable/disable Web
Protection.
Quarantine
If this option is enabled, all areas of the
quarantine manager protected by a password
are enabled. By clicking on the relevant box,
the password enquiry can be disabled or
enabled again on request for individual areas.
Restore
affected
objects
If this option is enabled, the pre-defined
password is required to restore an object.
Rescan
affected
objects
If this option is enabled, the pre-defined
password is required to rescan an object.
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Affected
object
properties
If this option is enabled, the pre-defined
password is required to display the properties
of an object.
Delete
affected
objects
If this option is enabled, the pre-defined
password is required to delete an object.
Send email to
Avira
If this option is enabled, the pre-defined
password is required to send an object to the
Avira Malware Research Center for
examination.
Copying
affected
objects
If this option is enabled, the pre-defined
password is required to copy the affected
object.
Add and modify
jobs
If this option is enabled, the pre-defined
password is required to add and modify jobs in
the Scheduler.
Start product
updates
If this option is enabled, the pre-defined
password is required to start the product
updates in the Update menu.
Download rescue
CD from the
Internet
If this option is enabled, the pre-defined
password is required to start the Avira Rescue
CD download.
Configuration
Manually switch
configuration
Installation /
uninstallation
If this option is enabled, configuration of the
program is only possible after entering the predefined password.
If this option is enabled, the pre-defined
password is required to manually switch to a
different configuration profile .
If this option is enabled, the pre-defined
password is required for installation or
uninstallation of the program.
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11.9.3 Security
Options available in expert mode only.
Autostart
Block autostart function
If this option is enabled, the execution of the Windows autostart function is blocked on
all connected drives, including USB sticks, CD and DVD drives and network drives.
With the Windows autostart function, files on data media or network drives are read
immediately on loading or connection, and files can therefore be started and copied
automatically. This functionality carries with it a high security risk, however, as
malware and unwanted programs can be installed with the automatic start. The
autostart function is especially critical for USB sticks as data on a stick can be
changed at any time.
Exclude CDs and DVDs
When this option is enabled, the autostart function is permitted on CD and DVD drives.
Warning
Only disable the autostart function for CD and DVD drives if you are sure you
are only using trusted data media.
System protection
Protect Windows hosts files from changes
If this option is set to activated, the Windows hosts files are write-protected.
Manipulation is no longer possible. For example, malware is not able to redirect you to
undesired websites. This option is activated as the default setting.
Product protection
Note
The product protection options are not available if the Realtime Protection has
not been installed using the user-defined installation option.
Protect processes from unwanted termination
If this option is enabled, all processes of the program are protected against unwanted
termination by viruses and malware or against 'uncontrolled' termination by a user, e.g.
via Task-Manager. This option is enabled as the default setting.
Advanced process protection
If this option is enabled, all processes of the program are protected with advanced
options against unwanted termination. Advanced process protection requires
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considerably more computer resources than simple process protection. The option is
enabled as the default setting. To disable this option, you have to restart your
computer.
Note
Password protection is not available for Windows XP 64 bit !
Warning
If process protection is enabled, interaction problems can occur with other
software products. Disable process protection in these cases.
Protect files and registry entries from manipulation
If this option is enabled, all registry entries of the program and all program files (binary
and configuration files) are protected from manipulation. Protection against
manipulation entails preventing write, delete and, in some cases, read access to the
registry entries or program files by users or external programs. To enable this option,
you have to restart your computer.
Warning
Please note that, if this option is disabled, the repair of computers infected with
specific types of malware may fail.
Note
When this option is activated, changes can only be made to the configuration,
including changes to scan or update requests, by means of the user interface.
Note
Protection for files and registration entries is not available for Windows XP 64
bit !
11.9.4 WMI
Options available in expert mode only.
Support for Windows Management Instrumentation
Windows Management Instrumentation is a basic Windows management technique that
uses script and programming languages to allow read and write access, both local and
remote, to settings on Windows systems. Your Avira product supports WMI and provides
data (status information, statistical data, reports, planned requests, etc.) as well as events
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and methods (stopping and starting processes) via an interface. WMI gives you the option
of downloading operating data from the program and controlling the program. You can
request a complete reference guide to the WMI interface from the manufacturer. The
reference file is available in PDF format when you sign a confidentiality agreement.
Enable WMI support
When this option is enabled, you can download operating data from the program via
WMI.
Allow services to be enabled/disabled
When this option is enabled, you can enable and disable program services via WMI.
11.9.5 Proxy settings
Proxy server
Do not use a proxy server
If this option is enabled, your connection to the web server is not established via a
proxy server.
Use proxy system settings
When the option is enabled, the current Windows system settings are used for the
connection to the web server via a proxy server. Configure the Windows system
settings to use a proxy server under Control panel > Internet options >
Connections > LAN settings. You can also access the Internet options in the Extras
menu in Internet Explorer.
Warning
If you are using a proxy server which requires authentication, enter all the
required data under the option Use this proxy server. The Use proxy system
settings option can only be used for proxy servers without authentication.
Use this proxy server
If your web server connection is set up via a proxy server, you can enter the relevant
information here.
Address
Enter the computer name or IP address of the proxy server you want to use to connect
to the web server.
Port
Please enter the port number of the proxy server you want to use to connect to the
web server.
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Login name
Enter a user name to log in on the proxy server.
Login password
Enter the relevant password for logging in on the proxy server here. For security
reasons, the actual characters you type in this space are replaced by asterisks (*).
Examples:
Address: proxy.domain.com Port: 8080
Address: 192.168.1.100 Port: 3128
11.9.6 Alerts
Network alerts
You can send individually configurable alerts from the System Scanner or from the
Realtime Protection to any workstations in your network.
Note
Please check whether the "Message service" has been started. You will find the
service (i.e. in Windows XP, for example) under Start > Settings > System
control > Administration > Services.
Note
An alert is always sent to computers, not to a certain user.
Warning
This functionality is no longer supported by the following operating systems:
Windows Server 2008 and higher
Windows Vista and higher
Send message to
The list in this window shows names of computers that receive a message when a virus or
unwanted program is found.
Note
A computer can always be entered only once in this list.
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Insert
With this button you can add a further computer. A window is opened in which you can
enter the names of new computers. A computer name can be a maximum of 15
characters long.
The button opens a window in which you can alternatively select a computer directly
from your computer environment.
Delete
With this button you can delete the currently selected entry from the list.
Realtime Protection network alerts
Network alerts
If this option is enabled, network alerts are sent. This option is disabled as the default
setting.
Note
To be able to activate this option, at least one recipient must be entered under
Configuration > General > Alerts > Network.
Message to be sent
The window shows the message sent to the selected workstation when a virus or
unwanted program is detected. You can edit this message. A text may contain a
maximum of 500 characters.
You can use the following key combinations for formatting the message:
Shortcut
Description
Ctrl +
Tab
Inserts a tab. The current line is indented by several
characters to the right.
Ctrl +
Enter
Inserts a line break.
The message can include wildcards for information found during the search. These
wildcards are replaced by the actual text when sent.
The following wildcards can be used:
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Wildcard
Description
%VIRUS%
contains the name of the detected virus or of the unwanted program
%FILE%
contains the path and file name of the affected file
%COMPUTER% contains the name of the computer on which the Realtime Protection is
running
%NAME%
contains the name of the user who accessed the affected file
%ACTION%
contains the action performed after the detection of the virus
%MACADDR%
contains the MAC address of the computer on which the Realtime
Protection is running
Default
The button restores the predefined default text for an alert.
System Scanner network alerts
Enable network alerts
If this option is enabled, network alerts are sent. This option is disabled as the default
setting.
Note
To be able to activate this option, at least one recipient must be entered under
Configuration > General > Alerts > Network.
Message to be sent
The window shows the message sent to the selected workstation when a virus or
unwanted program is detected. You can edit this message. A text may contain a
maximum of 500 characters.
You can use the following key combinations for formatting the message:
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Shortcuts
Description
Ctrl + Tab
Inserts a tab. The current line is indented by several characters to the right.
Ctrl + Enter
Inserts a line break.
The message can include wildcards for information found during the search. These
wildcards are replaced by the actual text when sent.
The following wildcards can be used:
Wildcard
Description
%VIRUS%
contains the name of the detected virus or of the unwanted program
%NAME%
contains the name of the logged in user using the System Scanner
%FILE%
contains the path and file name of the affected file
%COMPUTER% contains the name of the computer on which the System Scanner is
running
%ACTION%
contains the action performed after the detection of the virus
%MACADDR%
contains the MAC address of the computer on which the System Scanner
is running
Default
The button restores the predefined default text for an alert.
Email
Realtime Protection email alerts
Avira Realtime Protection can send alerts by email to one or more recipients for certain
events.
Email alerts
If this option is enabled, Avira Realtime Protection sends email messages with the
most important information when a certain event occurs. This option is disabled as the
default setting.
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Email messages for the following events
The on-access scan detected a virus or unwanted program
If this option is enabled, you always receive an email with the name of the virus or
unwanted program and the affected file when the on-access scan detects a virus or an
unwanted program.
Edit
The "Edit" button opens the "Email template" window in which you can configure the
notification for an "On-access detection" event. You have the option of inserting text
for the subject line and body of the email. You can use variables for this purpose. (see
Email Template)
A critical error occurred in Realtime Protection
If this option is enabled, you will receive an email whenever an internal critical error is
detected.
Note
In this case, please inform our technical support and include the data given in
the email. The specified file should also be sent for examination.
Edit
The "Edit" button opens the "Email template" window in which you can configure the
notification for a "Critical error in Realtime Protection" event. You have the option of
inserting text for the subject line and body of the email. You can use variables for this
purpose. (see Email Template)
Recipient(s)
Enter the email address(es) of the recipient(s) in this box. The individual addresses
are separated by commas. The maximum length of all addresses together (i.e. the
total character string) is 260 characters.
System Scanner email alerts
With certain events, the on-demand scan can send alerts and messages via email to one
or more recipients.
Email alerts
If this option is enabled, the program sends email messages with the most important
information when a certain event occurs. This option is disabled as the default setting.
Email messages for the following events
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The on-demand scan detected a virus or unwanted program
If this option is enabled, you receive an email with the name of the virus or unwanted
program and the affected file whenever the on-demand scan detects a virus or an
unwanted program.
Edit
The "Edit" button opens the "Email template" window in which you can configure the
notification for an "Scan detection" event. You have the option of inserting text for the
subject line and body of the email. You can use variables for this purpose. (see Email
Template)
End of scheduled scan
When the option is activated, an email is sent when a scan job has been performed.
The email contains data on the point and duration of the scan job, on the folders and
files scanned as well as on the viruses found and warnings.
Edit
The "Edit" button opens the "Email template" window in which you can configure the
notification for the "End of scan" event. You have the option of inserting text for the
subject line and body of the email. You can use variables for this purpose. (see Email
Template)
Add report file as attachment
If this option is enabled, the current report file of the System Scanner component is
added to the email as an attachment when sending System Scanner notifications.
Recipient(s)
Enter the email address(es) of the recipient(s) in this box. The individual addresses
are separated by commas. The maximum length of all addresses together (i.e. the
total character string) is 260 characters.
Updater email alerts
The Updater component can send notifications by email to one or more recipients for
specific events.
Email alerts
If this option is enabled, the Update component sends email messages with the most
important data when a specific event occurs. This option is disabled as the default
setting.
Email messages for the following events
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No update necessary. Your program is up-to-date
If this option is enabled, an email is sent if the Updater has successfully made a
connection to the download server but there are no new files available on the server.
This means that your Avira product is up to date.
Edit
The "Edit" button opens the "Email template" window in which you can configure the
notification for a "No update necessary" event. You have the option of inserting text for
the subject line and body of the email. You can use variables for this purpose. (see
Email Template)
Update completed successfully. New files have been installed
If this option is enabled, an email is sent for all updates performed: This may be a
product update or an update of the virus definition file or of the scanning engine.
Edit
The "Edit" button opens the "Email template" window in which you can configure the
notification for an "Update successful – new files installed" event. You have the option
of inserting text for the subject line and body of the email. You can use variables for
this purpose. (see Email Template)
Update finished successfully. A new product update is available
If this option is enabled, an email is only sent if an update of the scanning engine or
virus definition file was performed without a product update, but a product update is
available.
Edit
The "Edit" button opens the "Email template" window in which you can configure the
notification for an "Update successful – product update available" event. You have the
option of inserting text for the subject line and body of the email. You can use
variables for this purpose. (see Email Template)
Update failed
If this option is enabled, an email is sent if the update has failed due to an error.
Edit
The "Edit" button opens the "Email template" window in which you can configure the
notification for an "Update failed" event. You have the option of inserting text for the
subject line and body of the email. You can use variables for this purpose. (see Email
Template)
Add report file as attachment
If this option is enabled, the current report file of the Updater component is added to
the email as an attachment when sending Updater notifications.
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Recipient(s)
Enter the email address(es) of the recipient(s) in this box. The individual addresses
are separated by commas. The maximum length of all addresses together (i.e. the
total character string) is 260 characters.
Note
Alerts are always sent by email for the following events if an SMTP server and a
recipient address have been configured for Updater notifications:
A product update is required for every further update of the program.
An update of the scanning engine or of the virus definition file could not be
performed as a product update is necessary.
These alerts are sent irrespective of your email warning settings for the Update
component.
Email template
In the Email template window you can configure the email notifications for the individual
components to the enabled events. You can insert text of up to a maximum of 128
characters in the subject line and up to a maximum of 1024 characters in the message
field.
The following variables can be used in the email subject and email message:
Globally acceptable variables
Variable
Value
Windows
environment
variables
The email notifications component supports all
Windows environment variables.
%SYSTEM_IP%
IP address of the computer
%FQDN%
Fully qualified domain name
%TIMESTAMP%
Event time stamp: Time and date format as per
the language settings of the operating system
%COMPUTERNAME% NetBIOS computer name
%USERNAME%
Name of user accessing the component
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%PRODUCTVER%
Product version
%PRODUCTNAME%
Product name
%MODULENAME%
Name of the component sending the email
%MODULEVER%
Version of the component sending the email
Specific component variables
Variable
Value
Component
emails
%ENGINEVER%
Version of scan engine used
Realtime
Protection
System
Scanner
%VDFVER%
Version of virus definition file
used
Realtime
Protection
System
Scanner
%SOURCE%
Fully qualified file name
Realtime
Protection
%VIRUSNAME%
Name of the virus or unwanted
program
Realtime
Protection
%ACTION%
Action performed after the
detection
Realtime
Protection
%MACADDR%
MAC address of the first
registered network card
Realtime
Protection
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%UPDFILESLIST%
List of updated files
Updater
%UPDATETYPE%
Update type: Update of scan
engine and virus definition file, or
product update with update of
scan engine and virus definition
file
Updater
%UPDATEURL%
URL of download server used for
update
Updater
%UPDATE_ERROR%
Update error in words
Updater
%DIRCOUNT%
Number of scanned directories
System
Scanner
%FILECOUNT%
Number of files scanned
System
Scanner
%MALWARECOUNT%
Number of viruses or unwanted
programs detected
System
Scanner
%REPAIREDCOUNT% Number of infected files repaired
System
Scanner
%RENAMEDCOUNT%
Number of infected files renamed System
Scanner
%DELETEDCOUNT%
Number of infected files deleted
System
Scanner
%WIPECOUNT%
Number of infected files
overwritten and deleted
System
Scanner
%MOVEDCOUNT%
Number of infected files moved
to quarantine
System
Scanner
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%WARNINGCOUNT%
Number of warnings
System
Scanner
%ENDTYPE%
Status of scan:
Terminated/Successfully
completed
System
Scanner
%START_TIME%
Start time of the scan:
Start time of the update
System
Scanner,
Updater
%END_TIME%
End of the scan
End of the update
System
Scanner,
Updater
%TIME_TAKEN%
Duration of scan in minutes
System
Duration of the update in minutes Scanner,
Updater
%LOGFILEPATH%
Path and file name of the report
file
System
Scanner,
Updater
Acoustic alerts
Options available in expert mode only.
When a virus or malware is detected by the System Scanner or Realtime Protection, an
acoustic alert is heard in interactive action mode. You can now choose to activate or
deactivate the acoustic alert and select an alternative WAVE file for the alert.
Note
The action mode of the System Scanner is set in the configuration under
System Scanner > Scan > Action on detection. The action mode of the Realtime
Protection is set in the configuration under Realtime Protection > Scan > Action
on detection.
No warning
When this option is enabled, there is no acoustic alert when a virus is detected by the
System Scanner or Realtime Protection.
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Use PC speakers (only in interactive mode)
If this option is enabled, there is an acoustic alert with the default signal when a virus
is detected by the System Scanner or Realtime Protection. The acoustic alert is
sounded on the PC's internal speaker.
Use the following WAVE file (only in interactive mode)
If this option is enabled, there is an acoustic alert with the selected WAVE file when a
virus is detected by the System Scanner or Realtime Protection. The selected WAVE
file is played over a connected external speaker.
WAVE file
In this input box you can enter the name and the associated path of an audio file of
your choice. The program's default acoustic signal is entered as standard.
The button opens a window in which you can select the required file with the aid of the
file explorer.
Test
This button is used to test the selected WAVE file.
Alerts
Your Avira product generates so-called slide-ups, desktop notifications for specific events,
which give information on successful or failed program sequences such as updates. Under
Alerts you can enable or disable the notifications for specific events.
With desktop notifications, you have the option of disabling the notification directly in the
slide-up. You can reactivate the notification, in the Alerts configuration window. (Options
available in expert mode only).
Update
Alert, if last update is older than n day(s)
In this box, you can enter the maximum number of days allowed to have passed since
the last update If this number of days has passed, a red icon is displayed for the
update status under Status in the Control Center.
Show notice if the virus definition file is out of date
If this option is enabled, you will obtain an alert if the virus definition file is not up-todate. With the help of the alert option, you can configure the temporal interval for an
alert if the last update is older than n day(s).
Warnings / Notes with the following situations
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Dial-up connection is used
If this option is enabled, you will receive a desktop notification alert if a dialer creates a
dial-up connection on your computer via the telephone or ISDN network. There is a
danger that the connection may have been created by an unknown and unwanted
dialer and that the connection may be chargeable. (see Viruses and more > Threat
categories: Dialer)
Files have been successfully updated
If this option is enabled, you will receive a desktop notification whenever an update
has been successfully performed and files updated.
Update failed
If this option is enabled, you will receive a desktop notification whenever an update
fails: No connection to the download server could be created or the update files could
not be installed.
No update necessary
If this option is enabled, you will receive a desktop notification whenever an update is
started but installation of the files is not necessary as your program is up to date.
11.9.7 Events
Options available in expert mode only.
Limit size of event database
Limit size to max. n entries
If this option is enabled, the maximum number of events listed in the event database
can be limited to a certain size; possible values: 100 to 10000 entries. If the number of
entered entries is exceeded, the oldest entries are deleted.
Delete all events older than n day(s)
If this option is enabled, events listed in the event database are deleted after a certain
period of time; possible values: 1 to 90 days. This option is enabled as the default
setting, with a value of 30 days.
No limit
When this option has been activated, the size of the event database is not limited.
However, a maximum of 20,000 entries are displayed in the program interface under
Events.
11.9.8 Reports
Options available in expert mode only.
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Limit reports
Limit number to max. n piece
When this option is enabled, the maximum number of reports can be limited to a
specific amount. Values between 1 and 300 are permissible. If the specified number is
exceeded, then the oldest report at that time is deleted.
Delete all reports older than n day(s)
If this option is enabled, reports are automatically deleted after a specific number of
days. Permissible values are: 1 to 90 days. This option is enabled as the default
setting, with a value of 30 days.
No limit
If this option is enabled, the number of reports is not restricted.
11.9.9 Directories
Options available in expert mode only.
Temporary path
Use default system settings
If this option is enabled, the settings of the system are used for handling temporary
files.
Note
You can see where your system saves temporary files - for example with
Windows XP - under: Start > Settings > Control Panel > System > Index
card "Advanced" Button "Environment Variables". The temporary variables
(TEMP, TMP) for the currently registered user and for system variables (TEMP,
TMP) are shown here with their relevant values.
Use following directory
If this option is enabled, the path displayed in the input box is used.
Input box
In this input box, enter the path where the program will store its temporary files.
The button opens a window in which you can select the required temporary path.
Default
The button restores the pre-defined directory for the temporary path.
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Reference: Configuration options
Report directory
Input box
This input box contains the path to the report directory.
The button opens a window in which you can select the required directory.
Default
The button restores the pre-defined path to the report directory.
Quarantine directory
Input box
This box contains the path to the quarantine directory.
The button opens a window in which you can select the required directory.
Default
The button restores the predefined path to the quarantine directory.
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This manual was created with great care. However, errors in design and contents
cannot be excluded. The reproduction of this publication or parts thereof in any form
is prohibited without previous written consent from Avira Operations GmbH & Co. KG.
Issued Q4-2011
Brand and product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their
respective owners. Protected trademarks are not marked as such in this manual.
However, this does not mean that they may be used freely.
© 2011 Avira Operations GmbH & Co. KG. All rights reserved.
Errors and technical subject to change.
Avira Operations GmbH & Co. KG
Kaplaneiweg 1 | 88069 Tettnang
Germany
Telephone: +49 7542-500 0
Facsimile: +49 7542-500 3000
www.avira.com
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