Invacare® Action³®

Invacare® Action³®
I n v a c a r e Action³
Yes, you can.
User guide
The information contained in this manual is subject to change without notice. Some information is submitted
under copyright – all rights reserved. Any information in this document cannot be photocopied or duplicated
without prior written authorization by Invacare.
As the European and world leader manufacturer of wheelchairs, Invacare endeavours to supply a wide range
of wheelchairs to meet all the needs of the user in everyday life. However, final selection of the wheelchair
rests solely with the user and his/her qualified health advisor.
Proper and efficient use of the wheelchair that you have chosen is based upon the medical prescription
which was issued for you on the basis of your pathology and the nature of your disability.
Your wheelchair is especially designed to be used inside, and with certain restrictions outside. Please comply
with traffic regulations.
Stamp of the Distributor
Dear Customer
Thank you for purchasing an Invacare wheelchair.
This model was designed to provide you with all the benefits and features to meet your needs. Only quality
components were selected for your wheelchair based upon rigorous inspections during the entire manufacturing process.
This manual describes the operating limits of your wheelchair, maintenance operations and adjustments that
you or your assistant can make.
However, all the repairs (except for inner tubes) as well as some adjustments, require specific technical
training and, therefore, must be performed by your distributor.
The I n v a c a r e Action³ is designed for both indoor and outdoor use with the purpose of helping people
who are not able to walk over a long distance.
1. Safety and operating limits
1.1. Reaching an object from the chair
1.2. Transferring to other lateral seats
1.3. Tilting
1.4. Tilting, road-kerbs
1.5 Stairs
1.6 Slopes
2. Operating instructions
2.1 Folding and Unfolding the wheelchair
2.2 Operating the Wheelchair
3. Safety inspection and maintenance
3.1. Performance control
3.2. General inspection
4. Transportation
5. Warranty
6. Summary
1. General
1.1. Introduction
1.2. General description
2. Adjustments
2.1. Seat elements
2.1.1 Seat upholstery
2.1.2 Backrest type
2.1.3 Backrest upholstery
2.1.4 Hangers & footplates
2.1.5 Armrests
2.2. Folding frame
2.2.1 Side frame
2.2.2 Folding mechanism
2.2.3 Steering tube
2.3. Rear wheel
2.3.1 24" & 22" wheels
2.3.2 Handrims
2.4. Castors
2.4.1 8" & 6" wheels
2.4.2 Front fork
2.5. Brakes
2.5.1 Manual brake
2.5.2 Hub brakes
2.6. Options & accessories
2.6.1 Seat options
2.6.2 Propulsion options
2.6.3 Safety options
2.6.4 Accessories
3 Technical specification and equipment
3.1. Standard wheelchair specifications
3.2. Tools for adjustments and regular maintenance (Not supplied)
3.3 Dimensions
1. Safety and operating limits
For a safe operation of your wheelchair, the following parameters should be observed :
- Stability and balance
Your wheelchair has been designed to provide the stability
you need during normal daily activities.
Any movement in the wheelchair will have an impact on
the position of the centre of gravity, which may lead to the
wheelchair tipping and a fall.
To improve your safety when you move a lot or you transfer your weight from one place to another, we recommend
using seat belts.
- Weight distribution (figure 1)
Many actions cause the user of a wheelchair to reach out,
lean over or move about within the wheelchair and outside
it. These movements cause a change to normal balance,
centre of gravity (G) and weight distribution of the wheelchair.
- Weight Limit
The maximum recommended weight of the user is 125kg.
However, the level of activity is an essential factor. For
example, an active user who weighs 75 kg may subject the
wheelchair to more stress than that of a user who weighs
100 kg. To this purpose, we recommend that you consult
your retailer when choosing the model of wheelchair based
upon your daily life style.
1.1 Reaching an object from the chair
The limitations on reaching out from a wheelchair indicated
in the following diagrams have been calculated based on a
representative sample of wheelchair users:
- Only the arms should be extended beyond the seat of the
wheelchair. (figure 2).
- The body and head should remain within the boundaries of
the seat. (figure 3).
1.1.1 Leaning forward
1.1.2 Leaning backward
Do not extend your chest over the armrest (figure 4).
In order to reach an object in front of you, you must lean and
bend down ; therefore, you must use the castors as a tool
(pointing them forward) to maintain stability and balance. An
accurate alignment of the wheels is essential for your safety
(figure 5).
Position wheelchair as close as possible to the desired object
so that you can simply pick it up by stretching your arm
while sitting in the chair in a normal position. In any case, do
not lean backwards because you may cause the chair to tip
(figures 6 and 7).
1.2 Sideways transferring to other seats
This may be done without assistance provided that you are
sufficiently mobile and have a strong enough torso.
- Move the wheelchair as close as possible to the seat
to which you would like to sit, with the castors pointed
forward. Lock the wheels by applying the brakes. Move the
weight of your body towards the seat (figure 8)
- While moving from the wheelchair to the seat, your body
will have little or no support. Where possible use a transfer
board during transfers.
- If you are more or less able to stand up and if your upper
body is sufficiently strong and mobile, you can transfer
forward to another seat. Fold the footplate up and push the
footrest/legrest to the side, bend your body forward leaning
on the two armrests and lift yourself up; then shift your
body towards the place where you want to sit while distributing your weight to the arms and hands (figure 9).
Warning :
- Position yourself as close as possible to the place where
you wish to sit.
- When transferring, position yourself as far back as possible
in the seat to prevent breaking screws, damaging the seat
upholstery or causing the wheelchair to tip forward.
- Lock the two brakes ; they should not be used in any case
as support for transfers.
- Never stand on the footrests when you are getting in or
out of the wheelchair (figure 10).
1.3 Tilting (balancing on the rear wheels)
1.4 Tilting, Kerbs
For greater safety, this operation must be performed by an
attendant. The attendant should be aware of the required
physical effort and use appropriate positioning in order to
relieve the strain on his/her back (keep a straight back and
bend your knees during this operation).
To tilt the wheelchair, the attendant must firmly grab the handles making sure both are properly fixed. Warn the occupant
in the wheelchair before tilting it and remind him / her to
lean backwards and make sure that both feet and hands of
the user are clear of the wheels.
Place a foot on the footstep tube and move continuously
until the chair reaches the equilibrium point. At this stage, the
assistant will feel a difference in weight distribution, which
usually occurs at approximately 30°. At this point, the
wheelchair can get over the obstacle easily.
Finally, the attendant slowly and gradually lowers the front
down to the ground, while firmly holding the handles.
To get on the pavement :
- Method 1 (figure 11)
The attendant positions the wheelchair in front of the
pavement facing forward. Attendant tilts the wheelchair
backwards until the castors reach the pavement; attendant
pushes the wheelchair forward until the rear wheels are
against the kerb and again pushes the wheelchair until the
rear wheels climb over the kerb.
- Method 2 (figure 12)
In this case, the attendant stays on the pavement and
moves the wheelchair in a backwards position with the rear
wheels against the kerb. The attendant tilts the wheelchair
backwards until it is balanced and pulls the wheelchair with a
steady movement until the rear wheels climb over the kerb ;
then he / she lowers the castors, while making sure that the
chair is far enough on the pavement so that the castors do
not fall into empty space.
! Warning :
- Be aware of detachable parts such as armrests or legrests :
they must NEVER be used as lifting supports as they may be
inadvertedly released, resulting in possible injury to the user
and / or attendant.
- Do not lower the wheelchair suddenly, even if it is several
centimetres from the ground, as this may result in injury of
the user.
To get off the pavement :
The attendant positions the wheelchair facing forward on
the pavement and tilts it backwards until it is balanced, then
he/she pushes the wheelchair forward until the rear wheels
touch the road after getting over the obstacle; then, he / she
gradually lowers the castors to the ground.
1.5 Stairways
Because this is a difficult movement, we recommend using
two attendants, one in front of the wheelchair and one
behind the wheelchair.
To climb stairways (figure 13) :
After tilting the wheelchair to the point of equilibrium, one
assistant (at the back) holds the wheelchair up against the
first step grasping the handles firmly to lift..
The second assistant, lifts the wheelchair above the stairs,
while holding firmly a fixed part of the frame, and holds it
while the first assistant takes a step and repeats the operation.
The wheelchair must not be lowered until the last step has
been passed and the chair is clear of the stairs.
To descend stairways :
Same operation as above, however, in reverse order.
Warning :
- Do not attempt to lift the wheelchair by any removable
parts (such as armrests, legrests or footrests).
- Avoid using an escalator which may lead to serious injury
in the event of a fall.
1.6 Slopes
It is recommended to avoid using ramps with a slope higher
than 9°. The wheelchair risks tipping over in the event of
spinning or side movement (figure 14).
Upward slopes (figure 15) :
2. Operating instructions
Lean the upper body forward and move the wheelchair
forward with short quick pushes on the hand rims to maintain speed and direction control. If you want to rest, apply
both brakes when stopping.
2.1 Unfolding and Folding the wheelchair
2.1.1 Unfolding the wheelchair (figure 18) :
Downward slopes (figure 16) :
Lean backward cautiosly and let the hand rims slide in your
hands. Be ready to react at any moment to control speed
and direction.
! Warning :
- Avoid turning suddenly and never try to climb and descend
a ramp diagonally (figure 17).
- With one hand, grab the armrest or the seat support
tube on one side of the wheelchair and slightly tilt it towards you (so that the rear wheel and castor lift from the
ground) ;
- With the other hand, push on the seat upholstery until
the tube supporting the upholstery is fully unfolded. The
seat upholstery must be fully extended ;
- Then, engage the two manual brakes, open the footrest/
legrest and check the ground clearance (footrest/ground
distance - see § B-2.1.4). You can now sit down in the
2.1.2 Folding the chair (figures 19 and 20) :
2.2 Wheelchair propulsion
- Fold and lock the footrest/legrest toward the front of the
- Swivel the plates into the vertical position. Using both
hands, take the centre front and back edges of the seat
upholstery and lift it. Or, tilt the wheelchair to one side
and close it using the handles on the backrest.
Wheelchair propulsion is provided by the handrims mounted on the wheels. The handrims can be adjusted based
upon your height to allow you to hold them properly, and
various accessories can be added to improve the grip (antislip plastic coated, capstan spigot kit, etc.)
Qualified medical and paramedical staff will be able to
provide you with advice regarding the propulsion which is
best adapted to your disability.
Warning :
- Fold the wheelchair while keeping the seat upholstery
upwards to avoid damage by the folding system.
3. Safety inspection and maintenance
3.2 General inspection
3.1 Performance control
Your distributor, who has the required technical expertise, is
responsible for any wheelchair repairs.
We recommend that you take the wheelchair to your
retailer at least once a year for a complete inspection. Regular maintenance allows the identification and replacement of
defective and worn parts, which improves the daily operation of your wheelchair.
As the user, you will be the first to notice the possible
operational defects of your wheelchair. The following table
indicates the easiest troubleshooting symptoms to identify
and the preliminary inspection that you can perform.
In the event that the symptoms persist after adjusting the
pressure in the tyres and tightening screws and nuts, please
consult your retailer.
The inner tubes of the wheels are the only components that
you can repair yourself (see § B-2.3).
to the right
to the left
turns or
moves slowly
Play in
Make sure that pressure
in the pneumatic tyre
is correct
(cf. § B-2.3)
Make sure that the bolts
are tight
Check the adjustment
on the fork angle
Make sure that the 2
castors come in contact
with the ground at the
same time
Regular inspections to be performed by you or your
assistants :
a. General
Make sure that the wheelchair folds and unfolds easily.
Make sure that the wheelchair moves in a straight line. (no
resistance or deviation)
b. Manual brakes
Make sure that the manual brakes do not touch the moving
Make sure that the manual brakes operate easily.
Make sure that the joints are not worn and do not have
excessive play.
c. Folding system
Check the folding system for worn or distorted parts.
d. Skirtguard/armrest upholstery
Make sure that all the fittings are properly tightened.
e. Armrests
Make sure that the armrests are firmly attached, but easy to
f. Armpad
Make sure that the armpads are in good condition.
g. Seat and backrest upholstery
Make sure that the upholstery is in good condition.
h. Rear wheels
Make sure that the wheel nuts and precision bearings are
Make sure that the wheels are parallel to the frame.
i. Handrims
Check for rough patches.
j. Spokes
Make sure that the spokes are not distorted, loose or broken.
k. Castors
Make sure that the axle is tight by turning the wheel the
wheel must gradually come to a stop.
l. Fork/steering tube
Make sure that all the fittings are well tightened.
m. Pneumatic and solid tyres
Check the pressure of the pneumatic tyres (value indicated
on the side) check the wear of the solid tyre tread.
n. Maintenance
Do not use any product to clean parts except for the
upholstery which can be washed with soap and water only.
Make sure you dry the wheelchair if it is wet (e.g. after
washing it or going out in the rain).
Avoid riding on wet areas as well as gravel, grass, etc. (warning: sand and sea water particularly damage ball bearings).
When using the wheelchair inside, we recommend using
solid tyre castors, especially when riding on carpet.
Do not expose the wheelchair to a temperature higher than
40°C (e.g. in a vehicle).
4. Transportation
Transport of wheelchairs in vehicles
The Invacare® Action3 has been tested for safety in collisions according to ISO-7176-19:2001, Invacare® Action3 can
be used for transport in vehicles that have been specially
adapted for this purpose. The wheelchair must be securely
fastened in the vehicle according to the methods described
on the following pages.
Remember that the best solution is always to move
the user from the wheelchair into a normal car seat.
4.1 Test report from dynamic safety restraint test
Test no : P500846A (fixed backrest) & P5000846B (recliner
backrest), Customer : Invacare Rea AB, Date : 2005-01-21
Testing to be carried out
Pulse specification : ISO-7176-19
Wheelchair Manufacturer :
Invacare France Opération SAS
Model : Action3
Weight : 14.5 kg (fixed) 16,5 kg (recliner)
Configuration : Forward facing
Safety restraint device Manufacturer : Unwin Safety
Model : 4 Pt WWR/ATF/K/R
Attachment device : Unwin Low Profile Rail
User safety belt : Manufacturer: Unwin Safety Systems
Model : 3 Pt WWR/HD/ATF/K/R
Test dummy : Hybrid III
Weight : 76.5 kg
Test configuration
Chassis : Height 46 cm
Backrest : Fixed/Recliner
Seat : sling type
Armrest : Height adjustable
Legrest : Sxing in/swing out
Rear wheel : 24" pneumatic
Castor : 8" x 1/4" solid
Accessories : Heel strap
Tested : 2005-01-21
The safety restraint devices used in this test must be approved
according to ISO-10542. We have chosen to work with Unwin,
a well-known quality manufacturer of safety restraint devices
for wheelchairs.
4.2 Observations before transport of wheelchairs in
• We recommend that wheelchair users should transfer to the
seat of the vehicle and use the installed restraint system of the
vehicle whenever feasible.
• The wheelchairs are tested in a basic configuration. The use
in other configurations has not been tested. See user manual,
section «Test report from dynamic safety restraint test», for
test configuration.
• Auxiliary wheelchair equipment is either secured to the
wheelchair or removed from the wheelchair and secured in
the vehicle during transit. (i.e. table trays).
• Alterations or substitutions are not to be made to points of
the wheelchair or to structural and frame parts without the
written consent of Invacare® .
• A wheelchair-anchored pelvic belt must be fitted across the
wheelchair occupant in addition to the lap and diagonal and
restraint (3-point belt).
• Belt restraints are not to be held away from the body by
wheelchair components or parts such as armrests, postural
restraints, wheels, etc. (Picture 22)
• The wheelchair must be securely fastened in the vehicle
with an ISO 10542-2 approved 4-point belt system, according
to the methods described in the manual.
• The occupied wheelchair must be tied down in an forwardfacing configuration, with the parking brake applied.
• The test dummy weight is 75 kg, according to ISO 7176-19,
although the chairs are approved for users up to 125 kg.
• The wheelchair backrest should be positioned as close as
possible to 90 degrees.
• If possible, a headrest should be used during transit, in
order to reduce the risk of neck unjury. The headrest should
be placed as high as possible.
Please observe that even if these products and recommendations are provided in order to increase security and safety,
injury to vehicle occupants still might occur in the event of a
collision or other accidents and no guarantee is given
in this respect.
Correct and Incorrect placements of belt (picture 21)
4.3 Restraint methods (picture 22)
A. Frontal restraints with straps
1. Connect the frontal straps around the frontal part of the
2. Release brakes and tension front straps by pulling the
wheelchair backwards from the rear.
3. Re-apply wheelchair brakes.
B. Rear restraints
1. Attach the snap hooks on the rear straps to the frame just
above the rear wheel attachments.
2. Tighten the straps.
C. Fastening of pelvic belt and safety belt
1. Check that the pelvic belt on the wheelchair is correctly
2. Fasten the 3-point safety belt over the user.
If pelvic belt on the wheelchair is missing we recommend that
the user should transfer to the seat of the vehicle, if possible.
The safety belt should not be kept from the user’s body by
the parts of the wheel chair.
D. Pelvic belt
1. The pelvic belt is mounted on the backrest brackets
(picture 23).
5. Summary of warranty terms
5.1 Standard Invacare terms and conditions
This is to certify that your manual wheelchair is warranted by
Invacare for a period of 2 years for the frame and crossbars,
all others parts one year, subject to the following conditions :
- Only wheelchairs purchased at the displayed price recommended by Invacare are covered by the Invacare warranty.
- If a defect or fault is discovered the supplier / dealer from
whom the appliance was purchased should be notified immediately.
- The manufacturer will not accept responsibility for damage
caused by misuse or non-observance of the instructions set
out in the user manual.
- During the period of warranty, any parts that have become
defective due to faulty workmanship or materials, will be
renewed or repaired without charge by the Invacare dealer/
- The warranty will be forfeited should any unauthorised
alteration be made to the equipment.
- The Purchaser’s statutory rights under the Consumer
Protection Act are not affected.
5.2 Limitation of liability
This warranty does not extend to the consequential costs
resulting from fault clearance, in particular freight and travel
costs, loss of earnings, expenses, etc.
Invacare shall not be liable for :
- Natural wear and tear.
- Inappropriate or incorrect use.
- Defective assembly or setting-up by the purchaser or third
- Defective or neglectful treatment use of unsuitable spares.
6. Summary of operating instructions for
optimal safety
- Maximum user’s recommended weight : 125 kg.
- Do not attempt to reach objects if you have to move
forward in the seat.
- Do not attempt to pick up objects from the floor by reaching down between your knees.
- Do not lean over the top of the upholstery back to reach
objects located behind you : this may cause you to tip over
- Always engage both manual brakes simultaneously.
- Manual brakes are parking brakes : they must not be used
in any case to slow down the wheelchair or as support
during transfers.
- Do not tilt the wheelchair (down kerbs or steps) without
using an assistant.
- Do not carry in the stairways or escalator, user sited in
the wheelchair whith only one attendant; this may cause
serious injury.
- Do not use the wheelchair unless it has the proper tyre
pressure as indicated on the side wall of the tyre.
- Do not overinflate the tyres : this may cause the tyres to
explode and cause bodily harm.
- Do not expose the wheelchair to a temperature higher
than 40°C.
- To avoid injury, keep your fingers away from mobile parts
(armrests, folding system, legrests/footrests), and maintain
good posture before lifting the wheelchair.
1.2 General description (see photo)
1.1 Introduction
Your wheelchair has been factory set before you purchased
it. However, it must be specifically adapted to your needs.
The following detailed paragraphs describe the various
functions and possible adjustments as well as available
options. You can make some adjustments yourself, while
others can be made only by your dealer.
Important: based upon the selected model or options, your
new Action3 wheelchair may be equipped with all of the
components or options which are described in the
following pages.
Your wheelchair is made of various parts and this manual
describes only the main parts. We recommend that you
become acquainted with the following terms in order to
better understand your wheelchair operation :
The seat consists of the seat and backrest upholstery,
the backrest and armrests. This unit is designed to provide
optimal comfort.
The swing-away footrest support or legrest : this
is the supporting part between the frame and the footrest
which swivels to facilitate transfers and can be removed
during transport.
The footrest consists of an adjustable tube and the
footplate which supports the foot.
The folding frame consists of side frames and a folding
system including the seat rails. These parts constitute the
frame, which is the supporting component of the wheelchair
and its strength is well tested (checked at 125 kg).
! This is a warning symbol ; you must
imperatively follow the instructions that
are provided in these paragraphs to
prevent personal injuries as well as
injuries to people around you !
The steering tube is the connection between frame and
castors ; it allows the adjustment of the seat angle.
The rear wheel consists of the wheel, axle and handrim.
The rear wheels ensure the rear stability and allow the
propulsion of the wheelchair using the handrims. They are
mounted on the multiple adjustment wheel support brackets.
The castor consists of the front wheel and the fork. The
castors provide front contact with the ground and determine
the steering by the direction of the forks.
The manual brake is a parking brake. The two manual
brakes are used to secure the wheelchair when staionary.
2. Adjustments
2.1 Seat
2.1.1 Seat upholstery
• Nylon upholstery seat with or without Velcro fastener : the
Velcro fasteners are required for the proper positioning of
the cushion (photo 1) ; please make sure that the cushion is
properly positioned on the seat.
Backrest upholstery
Rear wheel
Rear wheel
Swing away
Rear wheel axle
- Standard seats
footrest tube
• Padded seat : it provides comfortable support to the user.
 Standard seats are not adjustable; in the event that they
become slack, it is recommended to request your dealer to
replace them.
! Always use upholstery equipped with Velcro fasteners
when you have a cushion in order to prevent sliding.
 Invacare provides a wide range of seat cushions adapted
to your needs. Please contact your dealer.
Steering tube
Front wheel
Swing away
- Rigid seats :
2.1.2 Type of backrests
• Comfort and toilet seats (photo 2) : they are removable
allowing the folding of the wheelchair, simply lift the seat and
put it away, then take hold of the 2 seat rails and pull them
upwards. Repeat the operation in reverse order to unfold the
wheelchair (see § 2.1.1).
- Fixed backrests :
 The upholstery and casing of the two seats will wear,
please contact your dealer for possible replacement.
Make sure that the seat is properly positioned on the 2
seat rails to provide safety and comfort for the user.
Keep your fingers away from movable parts to prevent
injuries during folding and unfolding !
• Fixed backrest of 0° and 7°; these two backrests do not
require adjustments, they can be equipped with padded
backrest or tension-adjustable backrest (optional, see §
2.1.3). The 7° version can be optionally equipped with height
adjustable push handles which provide better comfort for the
- Folding backrest (photo 3 and 4)
43 or 51 cm backrest height.
• To save space during transport, operate lever (A) by pulling
or pushing it and fold the top of the backrest.
To return to the initial position, bring the top in the vertical
position; it locks automatically.
! Always make sure that the backrest is properly locked
in place before the user settles down in the wheelchair to
prevent any injuries !
- Reclining backrest 0° - 30° - 43 or 51 cm backrest height.
Angle can be adjusted very easily which provides a comfortable
rest position :
Simultaneously pull the levers (A) to provides the same angle
on both sides, release the levers when you reach the desired
angle.(Photo 5)
Mechanical version
There are 4 angles position by step of 10°.
Note : Push on the backrest canes before operating the
levers, this is to release the auto-locked security system.(Photo
Gas strut version (0° to 30° continuously (Photo 6).
Pneumatic jacks provides help to raised the user by the attendant,
always operated with the user sited in the wheelchair.
! It is recommended that this operation be performed
only by the attendant. Always make sure that the backrest is
locked in place to ensure perfect safety for the user.
Keep away fingers from moving parts (levers, cylinders,
mechanisms, etc.) to prevent injuries !
Avoid operating levers (A) (photo 6) during a sideways transfer,
for example, in order to prevent destabilising the user’s position !
To ensure safety for the user, when backrest is reclined, we
recommend to use anti-tippers (available as an option).
 Maintenance of reclining backrest mechanism varies with
use. Please contact your Dealer.
Based upon the development of your disability, you can
choose an Action backrest that meets your needs. Please
consult with your Dealer.
• Fixed backrest with mid-height angle adjustment (photo 6B);
the angle can be adjusted using the different holes on the
backrest support (shema 6C), remove screw (A) and nut (4
mm Allen key and 10 mm spanner), select the desired angle
(from -6° to + 24°, every 6°), repositioning the screw (A) and
firmly re-tighten. The push handles are height adjustable, slightly loosen the knob (B), adjust to the desired height, firmly
Always make these adjustments before the user
settles down in the wheelchair to prevent injuries !
2.1.3 Backrest upholstery
- Standard upholstery backrests
• Padded backrest it provides excellent daily comfort for the
user who does not need specific support for the upper body.
 In the event that the upholstered backrest slackens, ask for
a replacement from your Dealer.
Check the quality and positioning of the Velcro fasteners. Always make this adjustment before the user settles
down in the wheelchair to prevent injuries !
- Rigid backrest (photo 8) the rigid canopy and preformed
foam cushion provide optimal comfort. The backrest is
removable allowing the wheelchair to fold loosen the two
buttons (A), slide the levers (B) to the inside and disengage
the hooks (C) from their supports. Reverse the procedure
to reassemble the backrest.
It is recommended that this operation be performed
only by the attendant. Always make sure that the backrest is
locked in place for optimal safety of the user.
Keep fingers away from movable parts to prevent injuries !
• Tension adjustable backrest (photo 7) it allows adjustment
of the backrest curvature based upon user’s body posture.
Lift the flap (A) and pull the straps (B) in order to stretch or
slacken them. Each strap can be adjusted separately.
Reposition the flap (A).
2.1.4 Footrest supports
- Standard footrest supports (photo 9) they swing away during transfers and can be removed during transport.
Operate lever (A) by pushing sideways and swivelling towards
outside or inside in case there is not enough space. To return to the initial position, align the footrest support it locks
To remove the footrest support, simply pull up after
unlocking the assembly. Reverse the procedure to reassemble, while still in the unlocked position.
- Legrest (photo 10) performs the same operation as for the
footrest support to swing away or remove the legrest, by
operating lever (A) which unlocks the locking system.
To adjust the angle, support the leg with one hand while
loosening the locking knob (B) with the other hand. Lift or
lower the legrest in the desired position and firmly tighten
the knob (B).
The calfpad swings away during transfers and is height
adjustable by sliding. After loosening the screw (C), adjust
to the desired height and firmly tighten the screw (C). In
addition, it is depth adjustable loosen the screw (D), bring to
new position and firmly tighten the screw (D).
- Footrests (photo 11 & 12) : the footplate can be lifted during
transfers footrests are height adjustable and can be equipped
with a fixed or articulated footplate (optional). Loosen the
screw (A) to adjust to the desired height, firmly tighten the
screw after adjustment.
The footplate can be articulated by indexed plate (optional)
loosen the screw (B), adjust to the desired angle and tighten
- Straps : to ensure a good position of the feet, two types of
straps can be provided; the heelrest strap (plain or adjustable
by Velcro fasteners) and the calfpad strap attached to the footrest support are both adjustable by Velcro fasteners.
2.1.5 Armrests
- Removable :
• Simple [1] (photo 13 and 14) : to remove armrests, simply
pull them up. Previously, press on the push pin (B) located
at the bottom of the armrest vertical upright. Reverse the
procedure to reinstall them. To adjust their height (3 positions), remove the screw (A), adjust to the desired height and
reposition the screw (A), tighten without forcing.
Note : the standard footrest supports and legrests are mounted in pairs on the wheelchair; whenever you remove them,
remember that you have a right side and a left side !
! Never lift the wheelchair by the footrest supports or
legrests !
Keep your fingers away from movable parts during folding,
disassembling or adjustment to prevent injuries !
- Swing-away and removable
- Adjustable monobloc [5] (photo 17) :
This range of armrests can be swung away to facilitate
transfers and disassembling during transport.
To swing the armrest away, activate the grey trigger (A). To
automatically reinsert it swing it down and make sure that the
guide (B) is properly engaged in its housing.
• Simple [2] (photo 15) to swing the armrest away, push down
the dog point (A), reverse the procedure to reinsert making
sure that the dog point (B) is properly engaged in its housing.
To remove the armrest, swing it back completely and pull it
up. Reverse the procedure to reinstall.
- Ajustable tubular [3] (photo 16) :
• Adjustable
Identical to the previous procedure including armrest height
and depth adjustment ; slightly loosen the ball screw (B), adjust
for the desired height based upon the preset holes and firmly
tighten the screw ; slightly loosen the two screws (C) and
slide the armrest down for the desired depth, firmly tighten
the two screws (C).
Note : the armrests are mounted in pairs on the wheelchair ;
whenever you remove them, remember that you have a right
and a left side !
Never lift the wheelchair by the armrests !
Keep your fingers away from movable parts during folding,
disassembling or adjustment to prevent injuries !
To adjust the armpad in height and depth, proceed as the
adjustable tubular armrest procedure.
2.2 Frame
2.2.1 Sides
The sides or side frames are designed to accommodate the
steering tubes for the castors and multiple adjustment wheel
mounting for rear wheels.
These wheel mountings allow five height positions and three
longitudinal positions (Active = advanced for better handling ;
Standard = serial delivery; Amputee = backward for better stability, serial with reclining backrest).
2.2.2 Folding system
It consists of two cross-bars which integrate the seat rails.
To fold and unfold your wheelchair, see chapter A “ General ”
paragraph 2.1.
2.2.3 Steering tubes
They provide seat dump (0°, 3° or 6°) based upon user’s capacity,
propulsion, desired floor-to-seat height and selected front and
rear wheels.
Active position is only compatible with 6'' front castors.
In "Active" position, it is necessary to use anti-tippers to avoid
any risk of tipping backwards when you drive on a slope ! (See §
2.3 Rear wheels
2.3.1 Wheels
The 24" (610 mm) rear wheels are spoked or composite
wheels; the 22" (550 mm) wheels are only spoked wheels.
They can be delivered with pneumatic or solid tyre.
The 24" spoked wheels can optionally accommodate spoke
guards to prevent injuring the fingers during propulsion.
A flat tyre (photo 18) must be removed in order to be
repaired. Remove the rim assembly (tyre and inner tube),
repair or replace the inner tube, reinsert in the tyre and
reposition the assembly on the rim.
 All these adjustments and changes of position must be performed by a professional technician upon agreement by your
prescribing physician. Please consult with your dealer.
! In "Active" position, the manual brake may unlock after
swinging the footrest support out.
In this particular case, we recommend to swing the footrest
support inside !
Comply with the inflation pressure specified on the sidewall
of the tyre.
Note : remember that in order to maintain the interchangeability of the chair wheels equipped with quick-release axles,
the pressure in the two tyres should be the same.
Never exceed the pressure specified on the sidewalls of
the tyre, otherwise, the tyre may explode and cause injuries !
 Pneumatic tyres wear out. In addition, the roughness
of the ground surface and driving have an impact on their
longevity. Replace them regularly to avoid trouble caused by
Please consult with your Dealer.
2.3.2 Handrims
They provide the wheelchair propulsion. They can be made
of anodized aluminium, chrome steel or coated with nonslip
plastic (optional).
Note : A handrim with spigot kit (photo 19) for people who
have grasping difficulties is available optionally.
 The mounting and positioning must be performed by a
professional technician upon agreement by prescribing
physician. Please consult with your dealer.
Handrims are constantly in contact with your hands.
Make sure that they are not damaged !
2.3.3 Axles
2.4 Castors
The axles connect the wheels and frame. Fixed and quick-release axles are available
2.4.1 Wheels
- Fixed axles: regularly check the axle tightening.
The front wheels are available in 8" (200mm) diameter and in
two widths, 1 3/8" (32 mm) and 2" (50mm), or in 6" (150mm)
diameter and a single width of 1 3/8" (32mm). They can be
delivered with pneumatic or solid tyre.
- Quick-release axles (photo 20) : depress the button (A) and
insert the axle in the wheel hub. Position the assembly in the
bearing (B) of the multiple adjustable wheel mounting until
it locks in place. The locking balls (C) must rise above the
bearing. No significant side clearance is allowed.
To reduce clearance as much as possible (photo 21), remove
the axle and adjust the nut using a 19 mm key ; then block the
axle with an 11mm open-end key.
Make sure that the axle and the locking balls are clean.
To prevent falls, it is essential that the button (A) and the
locking balls (C) are disengaged providing a perfect lock of the
rear wheels.
The quick release axle is a precision part, take care of shocks and
clean regularly to ensure the good working of the mechanism.
Note : refer to paragraph 2.3.1. for regular maintenance.
2.4.2 Forks
Different fork positions are available based upon the selection
of floor-to-seat height, castors and rear wheels.
 Please take advice from your dealer, if you want to replace
a fork or the castors or rear wheels.
2.5 Brakes
2.5.2 Hub brakes
2.5.1 Manual brakes
Besides the functions provided by manual brakes, the hub
brakes provide the slow down (for example, on a slope) and
improved safety because they are still efficient when you
have a flat tyre !
Two versions are available: (photos 23 & 24) attendant control and dual control (attendant and user).
To slow down, gradually pull the lever (A) upwards.
To lock the brake in parking position, with the lever (A)
tightened, push the lock (B) to engage it in the notches of
the brake handle ; then pull the lock up to unlock.
To adjust braking : turn the screw (C) counterclockwise to
increase braking force and turn clockwise to reduce it.
The manual brakes (photo 22) are designed to secure the
wheelchair during long stops. They are not intended to slow
down the wheelchair or to be used as support during a
transfer. They must be operated simultaneously.
In order to brake, push the handle (A) forward. The handle
folds back to facilitate transfers. Draw as a preliminary the
handle upwards ! Once the brakes are engaged, the wheelchair should not move at all.
Note : brakes adjustments are based upon the diameter
and type of the wheels. After repairing a flat tyre or in the
event of wear of the pneumatic or solid tyre, you may need
to adjust the brake(s). To adjust the brake(s), loosen the
two screws (B) and slide the brake assembly to obtain the
following value between the wheel and the brake shoe in
unlocked position :
Solid tyre X = 6 mm, Pneumatic tyre X = 5 mm
Firmly tighten the screws (B) after adjustment.
Keep your fingers away from movable parts to prevent injuries !
 The specific adjustments of hub brakes must always be
performed by your Dealer.
Always operate the two brakes simultaneously and do
not take slopes exceeding 5% to ensure perfect control of
the wheelchair steering !
2.6.1 Seating options
- Back brace (photo 27) : it provides tension to the backrest
upholstery and provides the attendant better ergonomics
when pushing the wheelchair.
- Anatomic headrest (photo 25 and 26) : it is mounted on
the back brace (described below) by means of a multiple
adjustment mounting.
Note : it swings away to facilitate the wheelchair folding;
slightly loosen the button (A), pull up and swivel along the
backrest until it is in vertical position.
2.6. Options
To reposition it, reverse the procedure and firmly tighten the
button (A) making sure that the button is properly tighten
This mounting allows you to adjust the height, angle and
sides using a two levers (A and A') ; the cushion is also
angle-adjustable by operating the lever (B).
Note : make sure that you properly position the indexable
levers so that they are not in the way or causing injury for
the user or attendant.
! Do not lift the chair by handling the back brace. There
is a risk to unlocked the back brace by push it up. Keep your
fingers away from movable parts to prevent injuries.
Do not adjust this option when the user leans over and
make sure that their mounting to the backrest is correct to
prevent injuries.
2.6.2 Propulsion options
- Transit version (photo 28) : the wheelchair is designed to be
driven only by the attendant. To facilitate sideways transfers
and save space, the wheelchair is equipped with rear wheels
of 12" (315 mm) with pneumatic or solid tyre.
The manual brakes (optional hub brake) are only accessible to
the attendant; operate the handle (A) to lock the wheelchair
in parking position.
Note : for further information about the use of the two
types of brakes, see paragraphs 2.5.1 & 2.5.2.
- One arm lever drive (photos 29) : this control system(left
or right hand) allows the user with low muscular tone to
propel the wheelchair. Using one arm through the lever pendular motion which propels it forward or backward (reversing lever A) and which integrates steering and braking.
The lever can be removed to facilitate transfers or to move
next to a table ; loosen the indexable lever (B) and pull up.
Reverse the procedure to reinstall.
The adjustment of the propulsion force is performed by
moving the transmission link on the pendular motion lever ;
slightly loosen the indexable lever (C), slide down to reduce
the stress, and firmly tighten the lever (C).
The manual brake is always located opposite to the
Make sure that the indexable levers are properly positioned
so that they are not bothersome or hurtful for the user and
- Dual handrim :
2.6.3 Safety options
Two systems allow the user to drive the wheelchair with a
single arm using two handrims on the same wheel (right or
left available).
- Support belt
• Fixed (photo 30) : the wheel axles are fixed, folding is the
same as for a regular wheelchair.
• Quick release (photo 31) : the removable and interchangeable rear wheels facilitate transport as well as the
replacement of the control side.
To fold the wheelchair, disengage the transmission shaft (A)
by sliding the two rings (B and B')). To facilitate this operation apply a front to rear motion to the outside handrim.
To roll the folded wheelchair, separate the two wheels (one
centimetre) by pushing the buttons of quick-release axles.
Make sure that the wheels are still engaged!
 Several types of braking adapted to your specific needs
are available. Please consult with your dealer upon agreement by your prescribing physician.
• Velcro fastener (photo 32) : position the two Velcro strips
one over the other based upon the user’s build.
• Buckle safety fastener (photo 33) : to close the buckle,
engage part (A) into part (B), to open press (C).
Straps should be adjusted to suit user, insert into part (B) of
the buckle and adjust the loop (D) based on the remaining
! The belt fixing should be conform to the scheme enclosed with each belt delivery; the belt should be mounted
and ajusted by your regular dealer.
Make sure that the belts do not get caught in the spokes of
the rear wheel.
The support belt must not be used as safety belt in a car.
- Anti-tippers (photo 34) : prevent back tipping which ensures safety when using a reclining backrest, driving on slopes
or crossing obstacles. These are removable : push down the
button (A) and pull back. Reverse the procedure to reinstall.
Make sure that the dog point (B) raises over the frame tube.
Anti-tippers can remain in place when the wheelchair is not
used; perform a half-turn by pushing the button (A) to its
- Tipping lever (photo 35) : it allows the attendant to easily
tip the wheelchair when crossing an obstacle (pavement, step,
etc.) ; push down the lever with your foot (right or left) and
maintain balance using the push handles.
The tipping lever is mounted the same as the anti-tippers, in
the same tube.
The recommended distance between anti-tippers small wheels
and floor is 4 to 5 centimetres ; this adjustment is required
with reference to the position and diameter of the rear wheel.
Push down the button (C) and adjust the wheels holding
sleeve for the desired distance based upon the preset holes.
Make sure that the dog points come out of their positioning holes in order to prevent any falls.
2.6.4. Other option
3. Specifications and tool
- Transparent tray (photo 36) : it is positioned on the armpads of the armrests (full length ones only). Slide the tray
forward or backward based upon the user’s build.
3.1. Standard wheelchair specifications
Do not place very heavy and instable objects,
containers with very hot and corrosive liquids on the tray,
which may cause serious injury if they fall.
Maximum user weight :
125 kg
Seat width :
38/40.5/43/45,5/48/50.5 cm
Seat depth :
40/45 cm
Floor/seat height :
51/48.5/46/43.5/41 cm
Rear wheel :
24" (610 mm) pneumatic tyre
Castors :
8" (200 mm) solid tyre
Parking brake :
Manual brake
with indexed brake shoe
Backrest :
Fixed, folding reclining
Armrests :
Removable, removable and
Footrest supports & Legrests :
Removable and swing-away
Seat upholstery :
Black nylon on reinforced
Frame :
Aluminium, epoxy coated
Wheelchair average weight :
14.5 kg
3.2.Tools for adjustments and regular maintenance
(not supplied)
Footrest tube
Adjustable armrests
Simple armrests [1]
5 mm Allen key
5 mm Allen) key
5 mm Allen key
5 mm Allen key
4 mm Allen key
10 mm open-end wrench
T20 Torx key
13 mm open-end Wrench(X 2)
19 mm open-end wrench(X 2)
19 mm open-end wrench
11 mm open-end wrench
Rear wheel fixed axle
Quick-release axle
3.3. Dimensions
After sale and disposal recommendations
• It is compulsary to use original Invacare spare parts which
you can buy through any Invacare dealer.
• For repair, please contact your local Invacare dealer.
• Disposal : the metal parts can be disposed of for scrap
metal through recycling. Plastic parts are disposed of as plastic
scrap metal. Plastic parts are disposed of as plastic scrap. Disposal must be carried out in accordance with the respective
national regulation. Please apply to your municipal authorities/
local government for details about local disposal companies.
Seat effective
width (mm)
width (mm)
Width of
front wheel and
rear wheel
Height from
ground to
back seat
( 0° )
Height from
ground to
front seat
height when
backrest is
folded (mm)
( 0° )
footrest and
seat (mm)
armrest and
������������� Nylon:M4
Invacare France Opérations SAS
Route de Saint Roch
Yes, you can.
Invacare n.v.
Autobaan 14 8210 Loppem (Brugge) Belgium ( +32 (50) 831010 Fax +32 (50) 831011
Invacare A/S
Sdr. Ringvej 39 2605 Brøndby Danmark ((kundeservice) +45 - (0) 3690 0000 Fax (kundeservice) +45 - (0) 3690 0001
Invacare Deutschland GmbH
Kleislstraße 49 32457 Porta Westfalica Deutschland
((Technische Hotline) 01 80 - 5 26 22 64 Fax (Technische Hotline) 01 80-5 26 22 75
Invacare SA
c/Areny s/n Poligon Industrial de Celrà 17460 Celrà (Girona) España ( +34 - (0) 972 - 49 32 00 Fax +34 - (0) 972 - 49 32 20
Invacare Poirier SAS
Route de St Roch F-37230 Fondettes France ( +33 - (0) 2 47 62 64 66 Fax +33 - (0) 2 47 12 24
Invacare Mecc San s.r.l.
Via dei Pini, 62 I-36016 Thiene (VI) Italia ( +39 - (0) 445-380059 Fax +39 - (0) 445-380034
Invacare AS
Grensesvingen 9 0603 Oslo Norge ((kundeservice) +47 - 22 57 95 10 Fax (kundeservice) +47 - 22 57 95 01
Invacare PORTUGAL Lda
Rua Senhora de Campanhã 105 4369-001 Porto Portugal
( +351-225105946 Fax +351-225105739
Invacare AB
Fagerstagatan 9 163 91 Spånga Sverige ((kundtjänst) +46 - (0) 8 761 70 90 Fax (kundtjänst) +46 - (0) 8 761 81 08
Invacare B.V.
Celsiusstraat 46 NL-6716 BZ Ede The Nederland ( +31 - (0) 318 - 69 57 57 Fax +31 - (0) 318 - 69 57 58
AC3-G-03 UK
03/2005 - V4
Invacare Ltd
South Road Bridgend Mid Glamorgan CF31 3PY United Kingdom
( (Customer Service) +44 - (0) 1656 - 647 327 Fax (Customer Service) +44 - (0) 1656 - 649 016
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