Apparatus for providing power management in data communication

Apparatus for providing power management in data communication
US008273295B2
(12) United States Patent
Andrews et al.
(54)
APPARATUS FOR PROVIDING POWER
(56)
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS
.
3,930,493 A
(75) Inventors: Tae Wan Andrews, San D1ego, CA
4,018,547 A
1/1976 W11
4/l977 Réggrllmson
(US); Stephen C. Bubrick, Orinda, CA
4,121,282 A
(US); Sheilah S. Estoesta, Mountain
4,439,197 A
10/1978 ()hsawa
3/1984 Honda et a1.
View, CA (US); Brad D. Etter, Fremont,
4,531,235 A
7/1985 BfllSeIl
CA (U S); Hyoung Yoon Park, Duluth,
4,866,396 A
9/1989 Tamura
Gwswene
CA (Us); Christopher‘,- Reggiardo,
2122:1221:
53019974 A
141221
5/1991 Beckers '
Castro Valley, CA (US); Heber Saravia,
_
Daly City’ CA (Us)
(Cont1nued)
(73) Assignee: Abbott Diabetes Care Inc., Alameda,
FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS
CA (US)
.
Not1ce:
Sep. 25, 2012
References Cited
MANAGEMENT IN DATA COMMUNICATION
SYSTEMS
(*)
US 8,273,295 B2
(10) Patent N0.:
(45) Date of Patent:
EP
.
.
.
0455455
.
(Continued)
Subject to any d1scla1mer, the term of th1s
13211518 115522??? 35 adjusted under 35
.
.
.
y
11/1991
OTHER PUBLICATIONS
ys.
“An Electrochemical Slow Flow Meter”, http://g0re.0cean.
(21) Appl. N0.: 12/625,502
(22) Filed:
(65)
Washington.edu/research/slowi?owimeterhtml, 2005, 3 pages.
Nov. 24, 2009
(Continued)
Prior Publication Data
Us 2010/0137698 A1
Jun‘ 3’ 2010
Primary Examiner * Sam P Sieike
(74) Attorney, Agent, or Fzrm * Jackson & Co., LLP
Related U.S. Application Data
(57)
(63) Continuation of application No. 10/861,626, ?led on
A blogd glucose meter havmg a Compact hous.lng’ a dl.splay
umt d1sposed on the housmg, the d1splay un1t mcludmg a
Jun. 4, 2004, noW Pat. No. 8,071,028.
_ _
_
ABSTRACT
.
_
.
.
.
(60)
Prov1s1onal appl1cat1on No. 60/478,436, ?led on Jun.
12, 2003-
(51)
(52)
Int- ClGoIN 33/00
(2006-01)
U-s- Cl- ~~~~~~ ~~ ‘122/681; 422/500; 422/511; 422/520
(58)
Field of Classi?cation Search ............... .. 422/68.1,
.
a port integrated on said housing con?gured to receive a blood
glucose test strip, and corresponding methods of measuring
blood glucose meter is provided.
34 Claims, 6 Drawing Sheets
/ 101
V
‘y
USER
/ 104
i
TEST STRIP
/
.
unit disposed on the housing, the input unit con?gured to
provide input functions for the blood glucose meter, and a
poWer source provided Within the housing for providing
poWer to the blood glucose meter, Where the housing includes
422/500, 511, 520
See application ?le for complete search history.
102
.
d1splay l1ght source to 1llummate the d1splay umt, an mput
‘
103
GLUCOSE METER
DEVICE
/.
EXTERNAL
COM PUTER
105
A
V LANCING DEVICE
US 8,273,295 B2
Page 2
US. PATENT DOCUMENTS
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US 8,273,295 B2
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12/2009 Simpson et al.
12/2009 Brauker et 31,
12/2009 Brauker et 31‘
FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS
g;
EP
JP
JP
2008.
US. Appl.
US. Appl.
US. Appl.
U.S. Appl.
US. Appl.
No.
No.
No.
No.
No.
10/861,626,
10/861,626,
10/861,626,
10/861,626,
12/040,586,
Of?ce Action mailed Apr. 2, 2009.
Of?ce Action mailed Jul. 15, 2008.
Of?ce Action mailed Jul. 20, 2007.
Of?ce Action mailed Sep. 29, 2009.
Of?ce Action mailed Jun. 25, 2009.
U.S. Appl. No. 12/040,586, Of?ce Action mailed Apr. 12, 2010.
1130638
2001477423
2001-056673
9/2001
6/2001
11/2001
W0
WO-02/084860
10/2002
WO
WO-2004/028337
4/2004
WO
WO-2005/101994
11/2005
WO
WO-2006/079114
7/2006
US. Appl. No. 12/040,586,0f?ce Action mailed Feb. 19, 2010.
U.S. Appl. No. 12/040,586, Of?ce Action mailed Sep. 17, 2010.
U.S. Appl. No. 10/861,626, Notice of Allowance mailed Sep. 29,
2011.
U.S. Appl. No. 10/861,626, Of?ce Action mailed Jul. 23, 2010.
* cited by examiner
US. Patent
Sep. 25, 2012
Sheet 1 of6
US 8,273,295 B2
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US. Patent
Sep. 25, 2012
Sheet 3 of6
US 8,273,295 B2
301
307
302
303
304
305
306
309
308
310
FIGURE 3
US. Patent
Sep. 25, 2012
US 8,273,295 B2
Sheet 4 0f 6
41
413
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4089
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Sep. 25, 2012
501 -—-""'“"~
Sheet 5 of6
US 8,273,295 B2
ne'rscr TEST snap INSERTIOH
I
502 m VERIFY INSERTED TEST STRIP AND PERFORM
SELF TEST
I
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50: a
ENTER on com-‘mm TEST STRIP
CALIBRATION CODE
NO
504
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PROMPT USER TO APPLY BLOOD
SAMPLE TO TEST STRIP
505
SAMPLE DETECTION COM PLETE‘?
YES
1'
506
SIGNAL TO USER THAT SAMPLE FILL IS COMPLETE
AND GLUCOSE LEVEL IS NOW BEING ANALYZED
507
l
—’\ DETERMINE GLUCOSE VALUE CORRESPONDING
TO DETECTED BLOOD SAMPLE
508
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VALUE AND STORE IN MEMORY
FIGURE 5
US. Patent
Sep. 25, 2012
Sheet 6 of6
US 8,273,295 B2
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6FIGURE
US 8,273,295 B2
1
2
APPARATUS FOR PROVIDING POWER
MANAGEMENT IN DATA COMMUNICATION
SYSTEMS
the sWitching on and off of the light source as Well as the level
of light intensity by, for example, adjusting the duty cycle and
the period during Which the light source is con?gured to be
turned on.
Additionally, in accordance With a further aspect of the
invention, the blood glucose meter may include a numerically
displayed clock With a date display Which may be visible
RELATED APPLICATIONS
This application is a continuation application of pending
US. patent application Ser. No. 10/861,626 ?led Jun. 4, 2004,
Which claims priority under 35 USC §ll9 to Provisional
When the meter is not in use. Moreover, the clock feature in
yet a further embodiment of the present invention may
Application No. 60/478,436 ?led Jun. 12, 2003, entitled
“Method and Apparatus for Providing PoWer Management in
reminder for performing blood glucose level testing, Where
include an alarm Which Would alloW the users to set alarm
the alarm feature may include one or a combination of an
Data Communication Systems”, the disclosures of each of
Which are incorporated herein by reference for all purposes.
auditory alarm, a visual alarm alert, and a vibration alert
mode.
Indeed, a blood glucose meter in accordance With one
embodiment of the present invention includes a compact
housing for a blood glucose meter, a display unit disposed on
BACKGROUND
The present invention relates to data monitoring systems.
More speci?cally, the present invention relates to portable
the housing, the display unit con?gured to display informa
tion related to the blood glucose meter, an input unit disposed
analyte monitoring systems. More speci?cally, the present
invention relates to a compact, blood glucose meter for use in
20
on the housing, the input unit con?gured to provide input
a glucose monitoring system to self-monitor glucose level in
functions for the blood glucose meter, and a poWer source
Whole blood, as an aid to disease management, and also by
healthcare professionals as an aid to monitor the effectiveness
of diabetes treatment.
provided Within the housing for providing poWer to the blood
glucose meter.
The display unit may include one of a liquid crystal display
25
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
The market for glucose monitoring systems in the United
of the display unit.
States as Well as globally is rapidly increasing, as better health
education and early detection of diabetic conditions through
regular check ups have increased the percentage of the dia
betic population Who undertake the task of monitoring their
30
In one embodiment, the light source may include a light
35
integrated on the housing con?gured to receive a blood glu
While miniaturization has been a factor of recent designs in
the glucose monitoring systems and the glucose meters, the
cose test strip.
40
device to be carried around or used and operated by the
patients, especially children.
In vieW of the foregoing, in accordance With the various
embodiments of the present invention, there is provided a
blood glucose meter Which is designed to be substantially
more compact than presently available commercial blood
glucose meters, Which con?guration that is much more ame
nable to usage and portage by younger diabetic patients such
emitting diode (LED), and more speci?cally, a yelloW-green
LED.
In a further embodiment, the housing may include a port
diabetic conditions Who are advised to monitor their blood
glucose levels.
physical constraints of the components of such systems have
established a certain siZe limitation. As such, the larger and
bulkier the device, the less desirable and convenient for the
The light source in one embodiment may be con?gured to
be pulsed at a frequency greater than 60-100 Hertz. Moreover,
the light source may further con?gured to have a peak Wave
length of approximately 570 nanometers.
diet and daily activities based on the detected level of blood
glucose using glucose monitoring systems. One group of such
rapidly increasing segment of the population is children With
(LCD), a touch sensitive screen, and a plasma display unit.
The display unit may also include a light source to illumi
nate the display unit, Where the light source may be con?g
ured to provide a backlight function and a ?ashlight function
45
The port may include a light source that may be con?gured
to substantially illuminate the port to assist in the insertion
and/or removal of the blood glucose test strip.
In yet another embodiment, the display unit may be con
?gured to illuminate upon detection of a blood glucose test
strip insertion into the port. Further, the display unit may be
con?gured to remain illuminated until the test strip is
removed from the port.
50
as children.
The input unit in one embodiment may include an on/off
sWitch.
A blood glucose meter in accordance With another embodi
ment includes a compact housing for a blood glucose meter,
non-daylight times and so on, as Well as a light source to guide
a display unit disposed on the housing, the display unit
including a display light source to illuminate the display unit,
an input unit disposed on the housing, the input unit con?g
ured to provide input functions for the blood glucose meter,
and a poWer source provided Within the housing for providing
poWer to the blood glucose meter, Where the housing includes
the insertion and removal of the test strip, Which may include
the usage of a light emitting diode. Indeed, as the light source
glucose test strip.
More speci?cally, in one aspect of the invention, the blood
glucose meter is con?gured to include a LCD backlight and a
?ashlight features Which Will assist the patient in reading the
metered glucose level in loW-light testing areas such as in
55
theaters, loW ambient light restaurants, areas, outdoors during
(e.g., the LED) may be pulsed and still display substantially
a port integrated on said housing con?gured to receive a blood
60
the battery life of the glucose meter device may be prolonged
since the pulsed LED light source requires signi?cantly less
poWer (and thus draining the battery at a much sloWer rate)
than When the LED light source is maintained at the on
position. Indeed, in one embodiment, the central processing
unit of the glucose meter device may be con?gured to control
The port in one embodiment may include a port light
source, the port light source con?gured to substantially illu
minate the port to assist in the insertion and/or removal of the
the same light output as one Which is turned on in steady state,
blood glucose test strip.
Additionally, in an alternate embodiment, the port light
65
source may be integrated With the display light source.
A method of measuring blood glucose level in accordance
With yet another embodiment of the present invention
US 8,273,295 B2
3
4
includes the steps of providing a compact housing, disposing
puter 105 Which may include, in one embodiment, a server
a display unit on the housing, the display unit including a
terminal connected to a data netWork, a stand along desktop
or laptop computer for use by the user’s physician or care
display light source to illuminate the display unit, disposing
provider (or the user herself), a personal digital assistant
(PDA) Which is operatively con?gured to store and/or further,
an input unit on the housing, the input unit con?gured to
provide input functions for the blood glucose meter, provid
to communicate With a data netWork to transmit and receive
ing a poWer source Within the housing for providing poWer to
the blood glucose meter, Where the housing includes a port
integrated on said housing con?gured to receive a blood glu
patient data related to the glucose level detected from the
collected blood sample, for further diagnosis, analysis and the
like.
In one embodiment, the user 101 may provide the con?gu
ration parameters as Well as calibration code to the glucose
meter device 103, While the glucose meter device 103 may be
con?gured to output signal prompts to the user 101 such as to
indicate a sample ?ll signal and a sample result signal, and
cose test strip.
These and other features and advantages of the present
invention Will be understood upon consideration of the fol
loWing detailed description of the invention and the accom
panying draWings.
further, to output display the resulting measured blood glu
INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE
cose level from the sampled blood from the user 101. Fur
Applicants herein incorporate by reference US. Pat. No.
6,616,819 issued Sep. 9, 2003 entitled “Small Volume InV1tro
Analyte Sensor and Methods”, US. Pat. No. 6,560,471 issued
on May 6, 2003 entitled “Analyte Monitoring Device and
Methods of Use”, and US. Provisional Application No.
60/437,374 ?led Dec. 31, 2002 and US. Published Applica
tion No. 2004/0186365 published Sep. 23, 2004 both entitled
“Continuous Glucose Monitoring System and Methods of
Use”, each assigned to theAssignee of the present application
thermore, after the user 101 is lanced With the lancing device
104 to generate su?icient amount of sample blood, the test
20
glucose meter device 103. In this manner, the glucose meter
device 103 may in one embodiment be con?gured to alert the
user that the amount of blood sample on the test strip 102 is
25
suf?cient to determine the corresponding blood glucose level.
In one aspect of the present invention, the glucose meter
device 103 may be con?gured to make clinical measurements
for all purposes.
of glucose in Whole blood in the range for approximately 20
to 500 mg/dL. Furthermore, as discussed in further detail
beloW, the glucose meter device 103 may be con?gured to
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
FIG. 1 is a block diagram illustrating an overall glucose
monitoring system in accordance With one embodiment of the
strip 102 is provided in contact thereto (i.e., to the sample
blood) While the test strip 102 is operatively coupled to the
30
include a display unit Which is con?gured to operate as a user
interface to visually interact With the user 101 to prompt for
present invention;
data input, or alternatively, to provide information to the user
FIG. 2 is a block diagram illustrating a glucose meter
device shoWn in FIG. 1 in accordance With one embodiment
101 corresponding to the user’s operation of one or more
functions of the glucose meter device 103. In one embodi
of the present invention;
35
ured, in an alternate embodiment to include a touch-sensitive
pad so as to alloW the user 101 to input data therethrough.
cose meter device in accordance With one embodiment of the
present invention;
40
FIG. 5 is a ?owchart illustrating the procedure forperform
ing a blood glucose test using the glucose meter device in
accordance With one embodiment of the present invention;
and
FIG. 6 illustrates the output LED poWer level as a function
of the poWer state in accordance With one embodiment of the
ment, the display unit of the glucose meter device 103 may
include a LCD display screen Which may further be con?g
FIG. 3 illustrates the glucose meter device of FIG. 2 in
accordance With one embodiment of the present invention;
FIGS. 4A and 4B illustrate the display screen of the glu
45
Moreover, in a further embodiment of the present invention,
the display unit of the glucose meter device 103 may be
con?gured to include a backlight feature Which Would permit
the user 101 to operate the glucose meter device 103 in a dark
ambient setting such as in a theater, outdoor at night, and the
like.
FIG. 2 is a block diagram illustrating a glucose meter
device shoWn in FIG. 1 in accordance With one embodiment
of the present invention. Referring to FIG. 2, the glucose
present invention.
meter device 103 in accordance With one embodiment of the
present invention includes a central processing unit 206
DETAILED DESCRIPTION
50
FIG. 1 is a block diagram illustrating an overall glucose
monitoring system in accordance With one embodiment of the
storage unit 207 Which, in one embodiment, may include one
present invention. Referring to the Figure, the glucose moni
or more of a data storage unit, a random access memory unit
toring system 100 in accordance With one embodiment
includes a glucose meter device 103 con?gured to receive a
and a read-only memory unit. As can be further seen from the
55
test strip 102 Which is used to collect the blood sample for
determining the blood glucose level of the user 101. The
lancing device 104 is used to draW the blood sample from the
60
?ngers, forearm, upper arm, hand, thigh or calf, for example.
Moreover, the glucose meter device 103 and the system 100 is
con?gured such that a very small blood sample siZe such as,
Moreover, in the glucose meter device 103, there is pro
vided an analog data processing unit 201 Which is con?gured
to detect and process analog signals and Which is further
operatively coupled to the digital data processing unit 204 for
digital data processing of the detected and processed analog
signals received from the analog data processing unit 201 in
for example, approximately 0.3 microliter of sample blood, is
necessary to determine a corresponding blood glucose level.
As can be further seen from FIG. 1, the glucose meter
device 103 may be operatively coupled to an external com
Figure, the digital data processing unit 204 is further opera
tively coupled to an input/output (I/O) interface unit 205
Which, in one embodiment, is con?gured to interface With the
external computer 105 (FIG. 1).
user 101 to be collected onto the test strip 102. In one embodi
ment, the lancing device 104 may be used on the user’s
operatively coupled to a digital data processing unit 204. The
central processing unit 206 is further operatively coupled to a
65
one embodiment of the present invention. Referring back to
FIG. 2, the analog data processing unit 201 of the glucose
meter device 103 is further con?gured to operatively couple
US 8,273,295 B2
5
6
to a test strip connector unit 202 Which is con?gured to
Referring back yet again to FIG. 2, in one embodiment of
the present invention, the central processing unit 206 is con
?gured to perform a plurality of functions to maintain, cali
brate and operate the glucose meter device 103. More spe
ci?cally, upon poWer up of the glucose meter device 103
engage With a test strip 102 (FIG. 1) When inserted into the
glucose meter device 103. Thereafter, the analog data pro
cessing unit 201 as mentioned above is con?gured to detect
the signal level from the collected blood sample received
from the test strip 102 (FIG. 1) via the test strip connector unit
202, and to transmit that detected and analog processed data
to the digital data processing unit 204 for further data pro
When the poWer source such as the batteries, are placed in the
respective section of the device housing, under the control of
the central processing unit 206, the glucose meter device 103
is con?gured to perform a poWer on/reset sequence to initial
cessing.
iZe the various aforementioned components of the glucose
meter device 103 to the necessary con?guration settings.
Upon successful completion of the poWer on/reset sequence,
the central processing unit 206 is then con?gured to enter the
glucose meter device 103 into a default operation mode (for
example, the clock mode) as discussed in further detail beloW.
More speci?cally, in one embodiment, the central processing
Referring yet again to FIG. 2, there is also shoWn a user
interface unit 203 provided to the glucose meter device 103.
As can be seen, the user interface unit 203 is operatively
coupled to the user 101 (FIG. 1) to receive input data or
instructions therefrom, or alternatively, to output the pro
cessed and/or generated information to the user 101. More
speci?cally, in accordance With one embodiment of the
unit 206 is con?gured to access the storage unit 207 to retrieve
the corresponding poWer on/reset sequence instruction set
present invention, the user interface unit 203 may include a
display unit, an input device such as an input keypad, or any
other equivalent device Which may provide substantially the
20
from the storage unit 207 (for example, in the ROM portion
and/or the RAM portion thereof). Moreover, in one embodi
ment, the central processing unit 206 is con?gured to perform
25
and complete the aforementioned poWer on/reset sequence
Within approximately 500 mseconds.
In one aspect, the central processing unit 206 of the glucose
meter device 103 may be con?gured for operating the meter
device 103 in one of the folloWing modes of operationithe
clock mode (the default mode discussed above), the test
mode, the con?guration mode, and the measurement log
30
revieW mode. The default clock mode is con?gured in one
embodiment to display the time/ date information as con?g
ured by the user 101. The test mode includes operations for
same functionality as the input device such as an input key
pad.
Additionally, the display unit of the user interface unit 203
may include an LCD display unit Which is also capable of
providing backlighting so as to permit the user to vieW the
displayed information on the backlit display unit of the user
interface unit 203 in dark ambient settings. Moreover, in an
alternate embodiment of the present invention, the user inter
face unit 203 may also include a ?ashlight feature Which,
upon activation by the user, is con?gured to emit a consistent
light beam to assist the user in the operation of the glucose
meter device 103 and/or the lancing device 104 in dark sur
the user to perform blood glucose measurements, the con?gu
roundings. Further, the ?ashlight feature may also be con?g
ured to include a timer function such that the ?ashlight is
con?gured, in one embodiment, to automatically turn off
ration mode includes functions for the user to select user
preferences for con?gurable parameters of the glucose meter
35
after a predetermined period of time has elapsed. In this
device 103, and the measurement log revieW mode alloWs
revieWing of the glucose measurements stored in the meter
Referring yet again to FIG. 2, the user interface unit 203 in
device 103.
In one embodiment, When the glucose meter device 103
enters a non-clock mode of operation, the meter device 103
may be con?gured to display a self-test screen that illumi
nates all segments of the display unit in the user interface unit
accordance With a further embodiment of the present inven
tion may include a speaker unit con?gured to output audio
signals. More speci?cally, in one aspect of the present inven
203 prior to operating in the selected mode of operation.
Moreover, the glucose meter device 103 may be con?gured to
exit all operation modes after exceeding a predetermined
manner, the poWer source for the glucose meter device 103
(FIG. 1) may be conserved in the cases Where the user 101
leaves the ?ashlight feature on the glucose meter device 103
on.
40
tion, the user 101 may be alerted or reminded of one or more 45 period of non-activity/idle time (for example, 2 minutes) such
time speci?c events or reminder such as the next time the user
as no sWitch activity, test strip activity, or display activity, for
example.
101 needs to take a blood glucose level measurement. Rather
than relying solely upon the user’ s memory, the glucose meter
device 103 may be con?gured With an alarm feature opera
tively engaged With a timer function such that, in addition to
displaying the current time information on the display unit,
the glucose meter device 103 may be con?gured to generate
and output an audible sound for each speci?c event or
reminder Which the user 101 has pre-programmed into the
glucose meter device 103. Moreover, in a further embodi
ment, the audible alarm output (or a series of audible tones as
Additionally, the central processing unit 206 of the glucose
50
internal date is set to the last recorded date, and in the case
Where there is no valid recorded dates, the central processing
unit 206 is con?gured to set the internal date to a predeter
mined date such as J an. 1, 2002, for example. LikeWise, upon
55
detection of the loss of poWer, the internal time in one
embodiment is reset to 12:00 am until a further time When the
may be selected by the user) may be simultaneously gener
ated With the backlight feature of the glucose meter device
103 such that for each of use, the user is able to vieW infor
mation displayed on the display unit of the user interface unit
meter device 103 is con?gured such that, upon detection that
there Was a loss of poWer (for example, battery removal), the
user resets the internal time. Moreover, the blood sample test
60
data collected during the period of poWer loss is con?gured to
be ?agged With a “lost time” ?ag and the corresponding lost
poWer internal date and time discussed above. Upon re-appli
203 substantially immediately Without the need to perform
cation of poWer to the glucose meter device 103, in one
extra steps such as turning on the backlight function of the
embodiment, the user may be prompted (e. g., blinking signals
glucose meter device 103. In the preferred embodiment, the
displayed on the user interface unit 203) to reset the time and
date information in the default clock mode.
meter alloWs the user to set up to four separate alarms to go off
every 24 hours at a particular time to remind the user to test
her blood glucose level. Preferably, the volume of each alarm
may be set independently.
65
Referring still again to FIG. 2, in the test mode of operation
of the glucose meter device 103 in one embodiment, the
correct insertion of the test strip 102 (FIG. 1) engaged into the
US 8,273,295 B2
7
8
test strip connector unit 202 of the meter device 103 is
15 seconds from the sampling of the corresponding blood for
samples beloW 200 mg/dL When measured at room tempera
ture and humidity.
detected, and upon removal of the test strip 102, the meter
device 103 is con?gured to enter the default operation mode.
In this manner, the glucose meter device 103 may be con?g
ured to automatically enter into the test mode of operation
upon the correct insertion of the test strip 102. Alternatively,
the glucose meter device 103 may be con?gurable to enable
manual initiation of the test mode of operation (such as, for
example, by the user’s manual operation of the test mode
sWitch (not shoWn) of the meter device 103.
During the test mode of operation, if a faulty operation is
detected, the glucose meter device 103 is con?gured to gen
erate and output a corresponding respective message as such.
FIG. 3 illustrates the glucose meter device of FIG. 2 in
accordance With one embodiment of the present invention. As
shoWn, the glucose meter device 103 includes a housing 307
Which substantially encases the meter device 103. In one
embodiment, the glucose meter device 103 may be physically
con?gured such that it is 3.12 inches in length, 2.25 inches in
Width and 0.85 inches in height, With no more that 1 .4 ounces
in Weight With the batteries installed. Moreover, the material
used for the housing 307 may comprise plastic, metal, poly
mer, or a combination of any suitable material Which provides
substantial physical integrity When subject to normal usage of
the meter device 1 03 including occasional dropping and other
Examples of such faulty operation includes, but not limited
to, the detection of a used test strip, insuf?cient blood sample
on the test strip, incorrect insertion of the test strip into the test
strip connector unit 202 of the meter device 103, or When the
coulometer circuits are not ready for sample processing. The
outputted message to the user alerting of the faulty operation
physical impacts.
20
may include an audible sound, a visual display, or a combi
meter device 103. The data port 301 in one embodiment may
include one of a Universal Serial Bus (USB) port, an infrared
data communication port, a Bluetooth communication port,
nation of both.
Upon successfully collecting suf?cient blood sample for
processing from the user 101 (FIG. 1), the glucose meter
device 103 is con?gured to process the collected sample, and
to generate a corresponding blood glucose data for output
Also shoWn in FIG. 3 is a data port 301 Which corresponds
to the I/O interface unit 205 (FIG. 2), and is con?gured to
operatively couple to an external computer or data processing
device to transfer data collected and processed by the glucose
and a Wi-Fi Wireless data communication port (for example,
25
IEEE 802.11 or its equivalents).
Referring back to FIG. 3, provided on the housing 307 is a
display to the user 101 on the user interface unit 203. The
display screen 302 Which may be con?gured to display the
blood glucose data may be, for example, displayed in units of
test results and other parameters and information such as time
and data information and the like. The display screen 302 in
one embodiment may include a built-in display backlight for
mg/dL or in units of mmol. Moreover, in one embodiment, the
meter device 103 may also be con?gured to display the time
and date information corresponding to the blood glucose level
test. Moreover, the central processing unit 206 is further
30
use in loW-light conditions, and may be con?gured to auto
matically sWitch on in loW-light settings for a predetermined
con?gured to store the processed and displayed blood glucose
data in the storage unit 207.
Referring still to FIG. 2, in the con?guration mode of
operation, in one embodiment of the present invention, the
user 101 may select and input certain predetermined param
eters into the glucose meter device 103 to con?gure the meter
device 103 for subsequent use thereafter. For example, such
35
sWitch 303, the con?guration sWitch 304, and the light sWitch
305. In one embodiment, the mode sWitch 303 may be oper
40
con?gurable parameters include the displayed date and time
change the test strip code, time and alarm settings, the output
display unit of the user interface unit 203 in the meter device
45
an average glucose level information based on a user selected
number of days such as 14-day or 30 day average of stored
results.
In the measurement log revieW mode of operation dis
cussed above, the glucose meter device 103 is con?gured to
Referring yet again to FIG. 3, a test strip port 306 is addi
tionally provided on the housing 307 of the glucose meter
device 103, and is con?gured to receive the insertion of a test
strip 308. In one embodiment, the test strip port 306 substan
information) of stored results, as Well as other parameters
such as the number of measurements incorporated into the
displayed average level, and a visual indication to the user that
tially corresponds to the test strip connector unit 202 shoWn in
55
and not a speci?c sampled glucose level data. As Will be
discussed in further detail beloW, the glucose meter device
103 may be con?gured to enter the measurement log revieW
mode of operation upon the operation of the mode sWitch (in
FIG. 2.Also provided on the test strip port 306 is a light source
such as a light emitting diode (LED) and the like Which is
con?gured to sWitch on and off under the operation of, for
example, the light sWitch 305, or alternatively, in accordance
the user interface unit 203) While the meter device 103 is in
the default clock mode.
In one embodiment, the glucose meter device 103 may be
con?gured so that a “L0” is displayed for measured glucose
values Which are beloW 20 mg/dL, and in contrast, a “HI” is
60
displayed When the measured glucose value exceeds 500
mg/dL. Furthermore, the meter device 1 03 may be con?gured
65
to display the processed glucose level Within approximately
sound options, date information, the measurement unit infor
mation, and for revieW of the stored sample results. Also, the
con?guration sWitch 304 may also be depressed to silence the
output of an alarm. Finally, the light sWitch 305 is con?gured
to control the operation of the backlight of the display screen
302, as Well as the ?ashlight function of the meter device 103.
50
display a glucose summary (that is, the average glucose level
the displayed data is the average glucose level information,
ated by the user to toggle betWeen different operation modes
such as the test mode, and the clock mode (default), con?gu
ration mode, and the measurement log revieW mode, each
discussed above. The con?guration sWitch 304 may be con
?gured to, for example, mark a test result as control solution,
information, the alarm settings on the glucose meter device
103, the preferred display format for data display on the
1 03, the concentration unit of the generated glucose level, and
period of time (such as 1 minute, for example), or may be
con?gured for manual user operation.
Also shoWn in FIG. 3 are three input sWitchesia mode
With a certain operations of the glucose meter device 103 such
as, for example, the detection of the test strip 308 at the
opening of the test strip port 306. As can be further seen, the
test strip 308 may include a top portion 309 and a bottom
portion 310 such that the top portion 309 is con?gured to be
inserted into the test strip port 306 of the glucose meter device
103, While the bottom portion 310 of the test strip 308 sub
stantially comprises the blood sample target areas for the user
to apply the blood sample or a control solution thereto. In one
US 8,273,295 B2
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In the preferred embodiment of the present invention, When
embodiment, the test strip 308 is a Freestyle® Test Strip
currently available from the assignee of the present applica
the meter 103 is not otherWise in use, the current date is
tion, Abbott Diabetes Care Inc. of Alameda, Calif.
FIGS. 4A and 4B illustrate the display screen of the glu
continuously displayed on the upper line (top roW of ?ve
7-segment digits) of message area 403, and the current time is
continuously displayed on the loWer line (bottom roW of ?ve
7-segment digits) of message area 403. As previously men
cose meter device in accordance With one embodiment of the
present invention. Referring to the Figures, the display screen
302 of the glucose meter device shoWn in FIG. 3 includes a
tioned, immediately after a blood glucose test is completed,
plurality of visual representation of display information. For
the numerical result is shoWn in the test result area 406. In this
example, as shoWn in FIG. 4A, the check oWner’s manual
symbol 401 is displayed to alert the user 101 (FIG. 1) to refer
to the manual of the glucose meter device, and may be dis
played on the display screen 302 When, for example, the
meter device detects L0 or HI blood glucose level, out of
temperature range results, and loW poWer state. The control
solution test result symbol 302 is displayed to alert the user
preferred embodiment, the date and time information are
displayed in a different area of display screen 302 from the
glucose test results, and With different siZed digits (preferably
smaller as shoWn). Also, it is preferable that the test result area
406 be offset from the center of display screen 302, even more
preferably located in a comer of the display screen 302 as
shoWn.
In the manner described above, the display screen 302 of
the glucose meter device in accordance With one embodiment
that the user has marked a test result as a control solution test.
Referring back to FIG. 4A, the message area 403 of the
display screen 302 may be con?gured to display information
such as the date information, the time information, the num
ber of tests performed, and other information related to the
of the present invention may be con?gured to display infor
mation corresponding to the glucose tests and the processed
20
operation and function of the glucose meter device. There is
results in a easy and intuitive manner.
also provided in the display screen 302 a test result area 406
FIG. 5 is a ?owchart illustrating the procedure for perform
ing a blood glucose test using the glucose meter device in
Which is con?gured to display the resulting glucose level
determined from the corresponding blood sample. Also
Referring to FIGS. 2 and 5, at step 501, the glucose meter
shoWn in FIG. 4A are a battery symbol 405 and a memory
accordance With one embodiment of the present invention.
25
mode symbol 404, Where the battery symbol 405 is con?g
ured to be illuminated When the poWer supply level (e. g., the
battery level) is detected to be loWer than the optimum oper
ating level, and to alert the user 101 (FIG. 1) to replace the
same. The memory mode symbol 404 on the other hand, is
30
con?gured to display to the user 101 (FIG. 1) that the test
result displayed in the rest result area 406 has been stored in
the memory (the storage unit 207 (FIG. 2)) of the glucose
meter device. In one embodiment, the memory capacity of the
meter device may store up to approximately 250 blood glu
35
device detects the insertion of a test strip 102 in the test strip
connector unit 202 (FIG. 2). In response to the detection of the
test strip 102 insertion, the meter device 103 is poWered on,
and at step 502, the inserted test strip is veri?ed and a self test
of the meter device is performed. More speci?cally, at step
502, a system check illumination brie?y lights up the entire
display screen 302 and the various data symbols and areas
included therein, and thereafter, in step 503 the user 101 is
prompted to input a code number Which corresponds to the
calibration code number preassigned to the test strip inserted
into the meter device.
After verifying the code number for the test strip, at step
cose test results.
Referring noW to FIG. 4B, the display screen 302 may
504, the blood drop and test strip symbols 414 (FIG. 4B) are
further be con?gured to display a blood drop symbol and a
test strip symbol 414, Which are con?gured to operate in
displayed on the display screen 302 to prompt the user to
tandem to alert the user that the meter device is ready to apply
the blood sample or the control solution. Moreover, the unit
symbol 413 is con?gured to appear With the test result data
displayed in the test result area 406 of the display screen 302
When the blood sample has been successfully collected and a
corresponding glucose level has been determined based on
the collected blood sample. The date setup symbol 407 on the
display screen 302 may be displayed in the con?guration
mode When the user is setting the date information of the
glucose meter device.
As further shoWn, a check and set test strip code symbol
40
45
apply the blood sample to the test strip. When the blood
sample is in contact With the test strip, the test strip acts like
a sponge and pulls the blood into the strip through its edges.
Thereafter at step 505, it is determined Whether the collected
blood sample amount is suf?cient to generate a corresponding
blood glucose level. If it is determined at step 505 that the
collected blood sample amount is not suf?cient to generate
the corresponding blood glucose level, then the procedure
returns to step 504 to prompt the user to further apply the
50
blood sample to the test strip.
On the other hand, if it is determined at step 505 that the
collected level of blood sample is suf?cient to generate the
408 is provided on the display screen 302 to alert the user to
corresponding blood glucose level, the user 101 (FIG. 1) is
check and set the test strip code, While the thermometer
symbol 409 is displayed on the display screen 302 When the
meter is operating in a temperature range that is beyond that
Which Will permit an accurate reading. A set of sound level
noti?ed as such in step 506 by an audible alert sound output
via the user interface 203 (e.g., through an output speaker),
55
symbols 410 are provided in one embodiment to indicate
Whether the glucose meter device audible output alert mode is
at a predetermined setting (for example, high, loW or off),
While the time set symbol 411 appears on the display screen
302 in the default clock mode When the user is setting the time
information on the glucose meter device. Finally, the data
average symbol 412 is con?gured to appear on the display
screen 302 With a glucose reading that is the average value of
the readings from the past 14 days, for example or any other
predetermined time period as may be established by the meter
device as a default mode or by the user during calibration
stage of the glucose meter device.
and/or by visual display on the display screen 302 (FIG. 3).
The glucose meter device is then con?gured at step 507 to
determine the glucose value corresponding to the detected
blood sample, and thereafter at step 508, to display the result
ing glucose value on the display screen 302 (FIG. 3), and to
store the generated glucose value in the storage unit 207 (FIG.
60
2).
In one embodiment, the glucose meter device may be con
65
?gured to output a single audible alert noti?cation When the
collected blood sample is suf?cient to generate the corre
sponding glucose level information, and to output a double
audible alert noti?cation When the glucose level information
has been determined and displayed on display screen 302.
Additionally, in one embodiment, the time and date informa
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tion may also be displayed on the display screen 302 in
backlight is turned off, the light source at the test strip port
306 (e.g., the LED light source) is illuminated so that the user
may light up the test strip 102 and the sample acquisition site
connection With the generated glucose level information.
In accordance With another embodiment, the glucose meter
device may be con?gured such that upon poWer on procedure,
the light source (e.g., an LED) at the test strip port 306 (FIG.
3) is con?gured to illuminate at substantially 50% of the full
intensity to permit the introduction of the test strip 102 into
the test strip port 306. Thereafter, When the test strip 102 is
fully inserted into the test strip port 306 of the glucose meter
device, the light source at the test strip port 306, and alterna
tively, in addition to the backlight of the display screen 302, is
illuminated at the full intensity level to indicate blood sample
on the user 101 if desired. Thereafter, When the meter device
detects a su?icient level of blood sample on the test strip 102
(i.e., step 505 (FIG. 5) is successfully performed), the light
source at the test strip port 306 is disabled, and the backlight
on the display screen 302 is once again illuminated so that the
user may vieW the corresponding glucose level generated
from the collected blood sample.
In a slightly different embodiment, pressing the light but
ton 305 poWers on either the display backlight or the test strip
collection operation.
light, depending on What mode the meter is in. Pressing the
light button 305 in non-test modes poWers on the display
When the collection of the blood sample is concluded, the
intensity of the light source at the test strip port 306 (and
alternatively, as Well as the backlight of the display screen
backlight. The display backlight goes out When light button
302) are reduced substantially to the 50% level again, and
When the test strip is removed from the test strip port 306, the
light source is con?gured to shut off completely. Indeed, as
305 is pressed again, or When the meter is inactive for 5
the light source (e.g., the LED) may be pulsed and still display
seconds. Pressing the light button When the blood drop and
test strip symbols appear on the display screen poWers on the
20
substantially the same light output as one Which is turned on
in steady state, the battery life of the glucose meter device
may be prolonged since the pulsed LED light source requires
signi?cantly less poWer (and thus draining the battery at a
much sloWer rate) than When the LED light source is main
tained at the on position. Indeed, in one embodiment, the
central processing unit 206 of the glucose meter device 103
may be con?gured to control the sWitching on and off of the
light source as Well as the level of light intensity by, for
25
example, adjusting the duty cycle and the period during
30
Which the light source is con?gured to be turned on. For
example, FIG. 6 illustrates the output LED poWer level as a
function of the poWer state in accordance With one embodi
ment of the present invention. As can be seen from the Figure,
50% duty cycle as shoWn on the X-axis corresponds to
display backlight is used during the test mode, the backlight
erable that one of the batteries is dedicated to poWering the
test strip light and display backlight, and the other is dedi
cated to poWering the meter’s processor and other functions.
35
40
the processor is in an energy saving sleep mode until one of
the buttons is pressed or a test strip is inserted in the meter to
resume normal operation.
In the manner described above, in accordance With the
various embodiments of the present invention, the glucose
meter device 103 is con?gured such that it is simple, intuitive
and easy to use, permitting the user to perform the tests
relatively discreetly, and is also easily used by third parties
such as the user’s physician, nurse, care giver or family mem
pigments in loW light conditions. More speci?cally, using a
yelloW-green LED With peak Wavelength of 570 nanometers
ber. Moreover, given the compact physical con?guration, the
glucose meter device 103 is substantially small, compact,
in one embodiment provided optional contrast betWeen the
sleek and readily portable by the user.
various colors of blood against the skin pigments in loW light
50
Also, preferably, the test light LED is pulsed faster than
60-100 hertz so that it appears to the human eye that it is
continuously on Without ?ickering, most preferably 3 or 7
khZ. It has been discovered that a 10% duty cycle With the
Various other modi?cations and alterations in the structure
and method of operation of this invention Will be apparent to
those skilled in the art Without departing from the scope and
spirit of the invention. Although the invention has been
described in connection With speci?c preferred embodi
55
ments, it should be understood that the invention as claimed
should not be unduly limited to such speci?c embodiments. It
is intended that the folloWing claims de?ne the scope of the
present invention and that structures and methods Within the
scope of these claims and their equivalents be covered
betWeen light intensity and battery poWer savings. A brighter
light output than this can be disruptive in certain loW light
settings, such as a movie theater, and can inhibit inconspicu
ous blood glucose testing.
In an alternate embodiment of the present invention, the
glucose meter device may be con?gured such that the back
It may also be desirable to alloW the meter to be placed in a
“shelf mode” after ?nal testing at the factory such that even
With batteries inserted, nothing is shoWn on the display and
nanometers, Which has been found to provide optimal con
trast betWeen various colors of blood against various skin
LEDs speci?ed above provides the most desired balance
surement is complete.
Preferably, the glucose meter is poWered by tWo coin cell
batteries of a common siZe, such as CR2032. It is also pref
light source.
In a preferred embodiment, a yelloW/green LED is used for
the test strip light, such as part number LTl9209-40 manu
conditions.
button 305 is pressed again, or the meter receives the correct
amount of blood for the test (i.e. the test strip is ?lled), or after
60 seconds of meter inactivity, or When the test strip is
removed from the meter. Thus, in this embodiment, the test
strip light cannot be activated unless there is a test strip
inserted in the test strip port. If either the test strip light or the
preferably poWers on to shoW the test results after the mea
approximately 80% of the output poWer level for the LED
factured by Ledtech Electronics Corporation located in Hsin
Tien, TaiWan, or part number ZSG56W manufactured by
SunLED Co. located in Kowloon, Hong Kong. These LEDs
provide a light having a peak Wavelength of about 575
test strip light. The test strip light goes out When the light
60
thereby.
light on the display screen 302 is turned on When the test strip
102 is inserted into the test strip port 306 of the meter device.
What is claimed is:
Thereafter, the backlight is con?gured to turn off When the
blood drop and test strip symbols 414 are displayed in tandem
a compact housing including a blood glucose meter inter
face and a strip port coupled to the blood glucose meter
to alert the user that the meter device is ready to apply the
blood sample or the control solution. At the same time that the
1. An apparatus, comprising:
65
interface, the strip port coupled to the housing to receive
a glucose test strip;
US 8,273,295 B2
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13
a display unit coupled to the housing to display information
16. The apparatus of claim 15, Wherein the external device
related to a blood glucose measurement based on a
includes one or more of a server terminal, a desktop computer,
sample from the glucose test strip;
a laptop computer, or a personal digital assistant (PDA).
17. The apparatus of claim 1, further including an output
an input unit disposed on the housing to provide one or
more input functions;
a processing unit controlling the information displayed on
5
unit coupled to the housing and operatively coupled to the
processing unit to output an indication associated With one or
more input functions, the processing unit operating in a
more functions controlled at least in part by the processing
unit.
18. The apparatus of claim 1, further including an audible
clock mode, a test mode, a con?guration mode, a revieW
output unit coupled to the housing.
mode or in one or more combinations thereof;
19. The apparatus of claim 18, Wherein the audible output
unit is operatively coupled to the processing unit to output one
the display unit in response to at least one of the one or
a poWer source provided Within the housing for providing
poWer to the display unit and the processing unit;
or more audible signals.
a data port coupled to the housing for data transfer to an
20. The apparatus of claim 18, Wherein the audible output
external device under the control of the processing unit;
unit provides an alert associated With a predetermined event
or a reminder.
and
a memory unit storing instructions Which, When executed
21. The apparatus of claim 20, Wherein the predetermined
event or reminder includes a schedule associated With per
by the processing unit, causes the processing unit to
forming blood glucose measurement.
activate a light source to illuminate one or more of the
display unit or the strip port, Wherein When the light
20
source is activated, the light source provides illumina
tion for one or more of the display unit or the strip port at
23. The apparatus of claim 22, Wherein the predetermined
a reduced intensity during a ?rst portion of an operation
and at a full intensity during a second portion of the
operation.
2. The apparatus of claim 1, Wherein the data port includes
a universal serial bus (USB) port.
3. The apparatus of claim 1, Wherein the display unit
includes one of a liquid crystal display (LCD), a touch sen
sitive screen, or a plasma display unit.
4. The apparatus of claim 1, Wherein the light source pro
audible characteristic includes one or more of a timing of
25
24. The apparatus of claim 1 further including a memory
unit operatively coupled to the processing unit, the memory
30
35
one or more con?gurable parameters of the device during the
40
8. The apparatus of claim 7, Wherein the surface of the
29. The apparatus of claim 1, Wherein the processing unit
of non-activity/ idle time has elapsed.
30. The apparatus of claim 1, Wherein the display unit
outputs data as one or more of number, text, symbol or one or
more combinations thereof.
tion process.
50
31. The apparatus of claim 1, Wherein the data port includes
one or more of an infrared data port, a Wi-Fi data port, or a
Bluetooth protocol enabled data port.
into the strip port.
12. The apparatus of claim 11, Wherein the display unit
remains illuminated until the glucose test strip is removed
55
includes an on/off sWitch.
14. The apparatus of claim 1, Wherein the processing unit
analyZes one or more analyte related data received from an in
processing unit.
28. The apparatus of claim 1, Wherein the processing unit
provides stored glucose measurements for revieW during the
exits one or more of the modes When a predetermined period
angle is less than 90 degrees.
10. The apparatus of claim 6, Wherein the blood sample
acquisition site is illuminated only during a sample acquisi
15. The apparatus of claim 1, Wherein the data port opera
tively couples to the external device under the control of the
con?guration mode.
revieW mode.
angle from the direction of illumination from the light source.
9. The apparatus of claim 8, Wherein the predetermined
vivo analyte sensor.
surement during the test mode.
27. The apparatus of claim 1, Wherein the processing unit
patient’s skin is positioned substantially at a predetermined
from the strip port.
13. The apparatus of claim 1, Wherein the input unit
executes one or more routines related to blood glucose mea
executes one or more routines to select a user preference for
patient’s skin.
11. The apparatus of claim 1, Wherein the display unit
illuminates upon detection of the glucose test strip insertion
unit storing the information related to the glucose measure
ments.
25. The apparatus of claim 1, Wherein the processing unit
displays time and/or date information during the clock mode.
26. The apparatus of claim 1, Wherein the processing unit
function.
5. The apparatus of claim 1, Wherein the light source
Wherein the light source illuminates a blood sample acquisi
tion site.
7. The apparatus of claim 6, Wherein the blood sample
acquisition site is located substantially on the surface of a
output of the alarm indication relative to a backlight function
provided by the light source, a series of audible tones, or a
predetermined schedule for outputting the alarm indication.
vides one or more of a backlight function or a ?ashlight
includes a light emitting diode (LED).
6. (Previously Previously) The apparatus of claim 1,
22. The apparatus of claim 18, Wherein the audible output
unit outputs an alarm indication having a predetermined
audible characteristic.
60
32. The apparatus of claim 1, further including an RF
receiver provided in the housing and con?gured to receive a
plurality of signals associated With a monitored analyte level
from an analyte sensor, Wherein the display unit displays data
associated With the monitored analyte level.
33. The apparatus of claim 1, Wherein the processing unit
controls a level of light intensity of the display unit.
34. The apparatus of claim 1, Wherein the reduced intensity
is substantially 50% of the full intensity of illumination of the
light source.
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