User Manual
I n v a c a r e Action³ Junior
Yes, you can.
User guide
The information contained in this manual is subject to change without notice. Some information is submitted
under copyright – all rights reserved. Any information in this document cannot be photocopied or duplicated
without prior written authorization by Invacare.
As the European and world's leader manufacturer of wheelchairs, Invacare endeavours to supply a wide
range of wheelchairs to meet all the needs of the user in everyday life. However, final selection of the wheelchair rests solely with the user and his/her qualified health advisor.
Proper and efficient use of the wheelchair that you have chosen is based upon the medical prescription
which was issued for you on the basis of your pathology and the nature of your disability.
Your wheelchair is especially designed to be used indoors, and with certain restrictions outdoor. (Please look
paragraphs; Part A General Guidelines). Please comply with traffic regulations.
Stamp of the Distributor
Dear Customer
Thank you for purchasing an Invacare wheelchair.
This model was designed to provide you with all the benefits and features to meet your needs. Only
quality components were selected for your wheelchair based upon rigorous inspections during the entire
manufacturing process.
This manual describes the operating limits of your wheelchair, maintenance operations and adjustments
that you or your assistant can make.
However, all the repairs (except for inner tubes) as well as some adjustments, require specific technical
training and, therefore, must be performed by your distributor.
The Invacare® Action³® Junior is designed for both indoor and outdoor use with the purpose of helping
people who are not able to walk over a long distance.
Even though your Invacare® wheelchair has been designed to provide a long and trouble free life it is
inevitable that wear, tear and usage will eventually render the product unusable. Invacare® recommends
that the average usable life of this product is five years, providing the product has been correctly
maintained according to the manufacturers recommendations.
1. Safety and operating limits
1.1. Reaching an object from the chair
1.2. Transferring to other seats
1.3. Tilting
1.4. Tilting, Kerbs
1.5. Stairways
1.6. Slopes
2. Operating instructions
2.1. Folding and Unfolding the wheelchair
2.2. Wheelchair propulsion
2.3. Lifting the wheelchair
3. Safety inspection and maintenance
3.1. Performance control
3.2. General inspection
4. Transportation
4.1. Observations
4.2. Restraint systems
5. Summary of warranty terms
5.1. Standard terms
5.2. Limitation of liability
6. Operating instructions for optimal safety
1. Presentation
1.1. Introduction
1.2. General description
2. Adjustments
2.1. Seat elements
2.1.1 Seat upholstery
2.1.2 Type of backrest
2.1.3 Backrest upholstery
2.1.4 Footrest supports
2.1.5 Armrests
2.2. Frame
2.2.1 Side frame
2.2.2 Folding system
2.2.3 Steering tubes
2.3. Rear wheel
2.3.1 22" & 20" wheels
2.3.2 Handrims
2.3.3 Axles
2.4. Castors
2.4.1 5" wheels
2.4.2 Front fork
2.5. Brakes
2.5.1 Manual brakes
2.5.2 Hub brakes
2.6. Seating options
2.6.1 Seat options
2.6.2 Propulsion options
2.6.3 Safety equipment and options
2.6.4 Other options
3. Specification and tool's
3.1. Standard wheelchair specifications
3.2. Tools for adjustments and regular maintenance (Not supplied)
3.3. Dimensions
1. Safety and operating limits
For a safe operation of your wheelchair, the following parameters should be observed :
- Stability and balance
Your wheelchair has been designed to provide the stability
you need during normal daily activities.
Any movement in the wheelchair will have an impact on
the position of the centre of gravity, which may lead to the
wheelchair tipping and a fall.
To improve your safety when you move a lot or you transfer your weight from one place to another, we recommend
using seat belts.
- Weight distribution (figure 1)
Many actions cause the user of a wheelchair to reach out,
lean over or move about within the wheelchair and outside
it. Any movement you make whilst sat in your wheelchair
will move the combined centre of gravity of you (Gc) and
the wheelchair (Gw).You will remain stable in the wheelchair whilst the line of your combined centre of gravity lies
within the points of contact of the forward and rear wheels
with the ground.
- Weight Limit
The maximum recommended weight of the user is 80 kg.
However, the level of activity is an essential factor. For
example, an active user who weighs 45 kg may subject the
wheelchair to more stress than user who weighs 60 kg. To
this purpose, we recommend that you consult your retailer
when choosing the model of wheelchair based upon your
daily life style.
1.1. Reaching an object from the chair
The limitations on reaching out from a wheelchair indicated
in the following diagrams have been calculated based on a
representative sample of wheelchair users:
- Only the arms should be extended beyond the seat of the
wheelchair. (figure 2).
- The body and head should remain within the boundaries of
the seat. (figure 3).
1.1.1 Leaning forward
1.1.2 Leaning backward
Do not extend your chest beyond the armrest (figure 4).
In order to reach an object in front of you, you must lean and
bend down ; therefore, you must use the castors as a tool
(pointing them forward) to maintain stability and balance. An
accurate alignment of the wheels is essential for your safety
(figure 5).
Position wheelchair as close as possible to the desired object
so that you can simply pick it up by stretching your arm
while sitting in the chair in a normal position. In any case, do
not lean backwards because you may cause the chair to tip
(figures 6 and 7).
! Warning :
The hanging of back packs or similar items onto your chair
backposts can affect the rearward stability of your chair,
especially when used in combination with recliner backrests.
This can cause the chair to tip backwards causing injury.
Therefore, Invacare® strongly recommend the use of antitippers (available as an option) when using your backposts to
carry a back pack or similar items.
1.2.Transferring to other seats
1.2.2 Front transfer (figure 9)
1.2.1 Sideways transfer
If you are more or less able to stand up and if your upper
body is strong and mobile enough, you can transfer forward
to another seat.
If you find this movement difficult, we recommend that you
obtain some assistance from an attendant or carer to ensure
the transfer is as smooth and safe as possible.
This may be done without assistance provided that you are
sufficiently mobile and have a strong enough torso.
- Move the wheelchair as close as possible to the seat
to which you would like to sit, with the castors pointed
forward. Lock the wheels by applying the brakes.
Fold the footplate up and push the footrest/legrest to the
side, remove / swing away the armrest to falicitate the
Shift your body towards the place where you want to sit
while distributing your weight to the arms and hands
(figures 8 & 8A).
- While moving from the wheelchair to the seat, your body
will have little or no support. Where possible use a transfer
board during transfers.
Lock both brakes and ensure both castor wheels are facing
the forward position.
Please note that the brakes should not be used in any case as
support for transfers. Fold the footplate up, then grip firmly
the armrest handle, take care of your nails on the skirt-guard
Push on your arms to easily lift yourself up and the attendant
can help you to finalise the transfer to the place where you
wish to sit.
! Warning :
- Position yourself as close as possible to the place where
you wish to sit.
- When transferring, position yourself as far back as possible
in the seat to prevent breaking screws, damaging the seat
upholstery or causing the wheelchair to tip forward.
- Lock the two brakes ; they should not be used in any case
as support for transfers.
- Never stand on the footrests when you are getting in or
out of the wheelchair (figure 10).
1.3.Tilting (balancing on the rear wheels)
For greater safety, this operation must be performed by an
attendant. The attendant should be aware of the required
physical effort and use appropriate positioning in order to
relieve the strain on his/her back (keep a straight back and
bend your knees during this operation).
To tilt the wheelchair, the attendant must firmly grab the handles making sure both are properly fixed. Warn the occupant
in the wheelchair before tilting it and remind him / her to
lean backwards and make sure that both feet and hands of
the user are clear of the wheels.
Place a foot on the footstep tube and move continuously
until the chair reaches the equilibrium point. At this stage, the
assistant will feel a difference in weight distribution, which
usually occurs at approximately 30°. At this point, the
wheelchair can get over the obstacle easily.
Finally, the attendant slowly and gradually lowers the front
down to the ground, while firmly holding the handles.
! Warning :
- Be aware of detachable parts such as armrests or legrests :
they must NEVER be used as lifting supports as they may be
inadvertently released, resulting in possible injury to the user
and / or attendant.
- Do not lower the wheelchair suddenly, even if it is several
centimetres from the ground, as this may result in injury of
the user.
1.4. Tilting, Kerbs
To get on the pavement :
- Method 1 (figure 11)
The attendant positions the wheelchair in front of the pavement facing forward. Press down on the lower tube of the
frame (or on tipping levers, delivered as an option) as well
as pulling on the push handles. Attendant tilts the wheelchair
backwards until the castors reach the pavement; attendant
pushes the wheelchair forward until the rear wheels are
against the kerb and again pushes the wheelchair until the
rear wheels climb over the kerb.
- Method 2 (figure 12)
In this case, the attendant stays on the pavement and tilts
the wheelchair in a backwards position with the rear wheels
against the kerb. The attendant tilts the wheelchair backwards until it is balanced and pulls the wheelchair with a
steady movement until the rear wheels climb over the kerb ;
then he / she lowers the castors, while making sure that the
chair is far enough on the pavement so that the castors do
not fall into empty space.
To get off the pavement :
The attendant positions the wheelchair facing forward on
the pavement and tilts it backwards until it is balanced, then
he/she pushes the wheelchair forward until the rear wheels
touch the road after getting over the obstacle; then, he / she
gradually lowers the castors to the ground.
1.5. Stairways
To climb stairways (figure 13) :
After tilting the wheelchair to the point of equilibrium, one
assistant (at the back) holds the wheelchair up against the
first step grasping the handles firmly to lift.
The second assistant, lifts the wheelchair above the stairs,
while holding firmly a fixed part of the frame, and holds it
while the first assistant takes a step and repeats the operation. The wheelchair must not be lowered until the last step
has been passed and the chair is clear of the stairs.
To descend stairways :
Same operation as above, however, reverse steps as above.
! Warning :
- Do not attempt to lift the wheelchair by any removable
parts (such as armrests, legrests or footrests).
- Avoid using an escalator which may lead to serious injury
in the event of a fall.
Because this is a difficult movement, we recommend using
two attendants, one in front of the wheelchair and one
behind the wheelchair.
1.6. Slopes
It is recommended to avoid using ramps with a slope higher
than 9°. The wheelchair risks tipping over in the event of
spinning or side movement (figure 14).
Upward slopes (figure 15) :
Lean the upper body forward and your centre of gravity will
move forward to a more stable position. Now move the
wheelchair forward with short quick pushes on the hand
rims to maintain speed and direction control. If you want to
rest, apply both brakes when stopping.
Downward slopes (figure 16) :
Lean backward cautiously and your centre of gravity will
move backward to a more stable position. Now let the hand
rims slide in your hands. Be ready to react at any moment to
control speed and direction.
! Warning :
- Avoid turning suddenly and never try to climb and descend
a ramp diagonally (figure 17).
The position of the rear wheel axle and the angle of your
wheelchair’s backrest are two of the key adjustments that can
affect your stability whilst sat in the wheelchair (see figure
14A). It is recommended to avoid using ramps with a slope
greater than 9 degrees and do not attempt to turn whilst on
a slope. The wheel position is usually factory set and should
not be change unless by the direction of a competent person
who must have assessed the impact of the change on your
stability in normal use. If your wheelchair is fitted with a
recliner backrest it is recommended that anti tippers are also
fitted and used whenever the backrest is reclined from the
upright position.
2. Operating instructions
2.1. Unfolding and Folding the wheelchair
2.1.1 Unfolding the wheelchair (figure 18) :
- With one hand, grab the armrest or the seat support tube
on one side of the wheelchair and slightly tilt it towards you
(so that the rear wheel and castor lift from the ground) ;
eg : Standard configuration
for fixed backrest
- With the other hand, push on the seat tube until upholstery is fully extended and seat tube sits in receiver.
- Then, engage the two manual brakes, open the footrest/
legrest and check the ground clearance (footrest/ground
distance - see paragraph B-2.1.4). You can now sit down in
the wheelchair.
2.1.2 Folding the chair (figures 19 and 20) :
- Fold and lock the footrest/legrest toward the front of the
- Swivel the plates into the vertical position. Using both
hands, take the centre front and back edges of the seat
upholstery and lift it. Or, tilt the wheelchair to one side
and close it using the handles on the backrest.
Warning :
- Fold the wheelchair while keeping the seat upholstery
upwards to avoid damage by the folding system.
- Caution possible finger pinch.
2.2. Wheelchair propulsion
Self propelling wheelchair propulsion is achieved through the
use of the handrims mounted on the wheels.
The distance between the wheels axle position and the seat
height can be adjusted to allow you to hold the handrims
properly, and various accessories can be added to improve the
grip (anti-slip plastic coated, etc.).
Qualified medical and paramedical staff will be able to
provide you with advice regarding the propulsion which is best
adapted to your disability.
Any wheels adjustments to the set up of your wheelchair (see
paragraph 2.2.2) should only be performed at the direction of
a competent person who has fully risk assessed the implication
of any changes to the wheelchair configuration.
2.3. Lifting the wheelchair
First, fold the chair (see paragraph 2.1.2), always lift the wheelchair by gripping the frame at the points (A) shown in the
figure 21.
Never lift the wheelchair by removable parts (armrests,
footrests). Ensure the backrest posts are securely in place.
3. Safety inspection and maintenance
3.2. General inspection
3.1. Performance control
Your distributor, who has the required technical expertise, is
responsible for any wheelchair repairs.
We recommend that you take the wheelchair to your
retailer at least once a year for a complete inspection.
Regular maintenance allows the identification and replacement of defective and worn parts, which improves the daily
operation of your wheelchair.
As the user, you will be the first to notice any possible
operational defects with your wheelchair. The following table
indicates the easiest troubleshooting symptoms to identify
and the preliminary inspection that you can perform.
In the event that the symptoms persist after adjusting the
pressure in the tyres, please consult your retailer.
The inner tubes of the wheels are the only components that
you can repair yourself (see paragraph B-2.3).
If the screws and nuts are not tight enough or loose, the axle
fork angle is not perpendicular to the ground, please consult
your retailer to get a competent person to re-set them to
the correct position and tighten appropriately.
(Recommended torque minimum : M5 = 4 Nm; M6 = 7 Nm
& M8 = 17 Nm)
to the
to the left
turns or
Play in
clinking wheelchair
Make sure that
pressure in the
pneumatic tyre is
correct (cf. § B-2.3)
Make sure that the
bolts are tight
Check the adjustment
on the fork angle
Make sure that the
2 castors come in
contact with the
ground at the same
Regular inspections to be performed by you or your
assistants :
a. General
Make sure that the wheelchair folds and unfolds easily.
Make sure that the wheelchair moves in a straight line. (no
resistance or deviation)
b. Manual brakes
Make sure that the manual brakes do not touch the moving
Make sure that the manual brakes operate easily.
Make sure that the joints are not worn and do not have play.
c. Folding system
Check the folding system for worn or distorted parts.
d. Skirtguard/armrest upholstery
Make sure that all the fittings are properly tightened.
e. Armrests
Make sure that the armrests are firmly attached, but easy to
f. Armpad
Make sure that the armpads are in good condition.
g. Seat and backrest upholstery
Make sure that the upholstery is in good condition.
h. Rear wheels
Make sure that the wheel nuts and precision bearings are
Make sure that the wheels are parallel to the frame.
i. Handrims
Check for rough patches.
j. Spokes
Make sure that the spokes are not distorted, loose or broken.
k. Castors
Make sure that the axle is tight by turning the wheel the
wheel must gradually come to a stop.
l. Fork/steering tube
Make sure that all the fittings are well tightened.
m. Pneumatic and solid tyres
Check the pressure of the pneumatic tyres (Front=250 kPa,
Rear=350 kPa) check the wear of the solid tyre tread.
n. Cleaning and disinfection
Cleaning: Use only damp clothes and gentle detergent.
Do not use abrasive or scouring liquid. Do not use high
pressure cleaning devices on ball bearings (front & rear
wheels, fork axles). Make sure you dry the wheelchair if it is
wet (e.g. after washing it or going out in the rain).
Disinfection: Spray or wipe disinfection using a tested and
recognised product is permitted.
Please pay attention to the manufacturer's instructions of the
medical product disinfectant you are using.
4. Transportation
Transport of wheelchairs in vehicles
The Invacare® Action3 Junior has been tested for safety in
collisions according to ISO-7176-19:2001, Invacare® Action3
Junior can be used for transport in vehicles that have been
specially adapted for this purpose. The wheelchair must be
securely fastened in the vehicle according to the methods
described on the following pages.
Remember that the best solution is always to move
the user from the wheelchair into a normal car seat
and to stow the wheelchair safely and securely in a
separate compartment.
Test no : S10173 (standard frame) & S10174 (stabilizer
frame), Customer : Invacare UK Ltd, Date : 2008-01-10
The safety restraint devices used in this test must be approved according to ISO-10542. We have chosen to work with
Unwin, a well-known quality manufacturer of safety restraint
devices for wheelchairs. Restraint system manufacturer may
improve its products, please contact them for more details.
4.1. Observations before transport of wheelchairs in
• We recommend that wheelchair users should transfer to the
seat of the vehicle and use the installed restraint system of the
vehicle whenever feasible.
• The wheelchairs are tested in a basic configuration. The use
in other configurations has not been tested. Please contact
your dealer for further information.
• Auxiliary wheelchair equipment is either secured to the
wheelchair or removed from the wheelchair and secured in
the vehicle during transit. (i.e. table trays).
• Alterations or substitutions are not to be made to points of
the wheelchair or to structural and frame parts without the
written consent of Invacare®.
• A wheelchair-anchored posture belt with metal buckle must
be fitted across the wheelchair occupant in addition to the lap
and diagonal occupant restraint (3-point belt).
• Belt restraints are not to be held away from the body by
wheelchair components or parts such as armrests, postural
restraints, wheels, etc. (Picture 22)
• The wheelchair must be securely fastened in the vehicle with
an ISO 10542-2 approved 4-point belt system, according to
the methods described in the manual.
• The occupied wheelchair must be tied down in an forwardfacing position, with the parking brake applied.
• The wheelchair backrest should be positioned as close as
possible to 90 degrees.
Please observe that even if these products and recommendations are provided in order to increase safety, injury to
vehicle occupants still might occur in the event of a collision
or other accidents and no guarantee is given in this respect.
Correct and incorrect placements of 3-point belt
(picture 22).
4.2. Restraint systems (picture 23)
* Non contractual picture, only for information !
Please refer to best practice recommended instructions from
the safety belt manufacturer.
A. Front restraints with straps
1. Connect the front straps around the frontal part of the
frame. (See location of the attachment labels).
2. Release brakes and apply tension front straps by pulling the
wheelchair backwards from the rear.
3. Re-apply wheelchair brakes.
B. Rear restraints
1. Attach the snap hooks on the rear straps to the frame
just above the rear wheel attachments. (See location of the
attachment labels).
2. Tighten the straps.
C. Posture belt
1. The posture posture belt is mounted on the back frame
(picture 24).
2. Check that the posture belt on the wheelchair is correctly
If posture belt on the wheelchair is missing we recommend
that the user should transfer to the seat of the vehicle, if
possible. The posture belt should be used in addition to but
never as a substitute for an approved passenger restraint
system (3-point belt).
D. Fastening of 3-point belt (vehicle safety belt device).
Although all three points may be anchored to the vehicle
floor, the diagonal belt passing over the users shoulder should
be routed through a point above and behind the seated user
which is fixed to the vehicle sides, before passing down to
the floor. The 3-point belt should not be kept from the user's
body by the parts of the wheelchair.
5. Summary of warranty terms
5.1. Standard Invacare terms and conditions
This is to certify that your manual wheelchair is warranted
by Invacare for a period of 2 years for the frame and crossbars, all others parts 2 years also but subject to the following
conditions :
- If a defect or fault is discovered the supplier / dealer from
whom the appliance was purchased should be notified immediately.
- The manufacturer will not accept responsibility for damage
caused by misuse or non-observance of the instructions set
out in the user manual.
- During the period of warranty, any parts that have become
defective due to faulty workmanship or materials, will be
renewed or repaired without charge by the Invacare dealer/
- The warranty will be forfeited should any unauthorised
alteration be made to the equipment.
- The Purchaser’s statutory rights under the Consumer
Protection Act are not affected.
5.2. Limitation of liability
This warranty does not extend to the consequential costs
resulting from fault clearance, in particular freight and travel
costs, loss of earnings, expenses, etc.
Invacare shall not be liable for :
- Natural wear and tear.
- Inappropriate or incorrect use.
- Defective assembly or setting-up by the purchaser or third
- Defective or neglectful treatment. Use of unsuitable spares.
6. Operating instructions for
optimal safety
- Maximum user’s recommended weight : 80 kg.
- Do not attempt to reach objects if you have to move
forward in the seat.
- Do not attempt to pick up objects from the floor by reaching
down between your knees.
- Do not lean over the top of the upholstery back to reach
objects located behind you : this may cause you to tip over
- Always engage both manual brakes simultaneously.
- Manual brakes are parking brakes : they must not be used in
any way to slow down the wheelchair or as support during
- Do not tilt the wheelchair (down kerbs or steps) without
using an assistant. Press down on the lower tube of the frame
as well as pulling on the push handles
- Do not carry the wheelchair up or down stairway or escalators with the user seated in the wheelchair, with only one
attendant. This may cause serious injury.
- Do not use the wheelchair unless it has the proper tyre
pressure (front = 250 kPa, rear = 350 kPa).
- Do not overinflate the tyres : this may cause the tyres to
explode and cause bodily harm.
- Do not expose the wheelchair to a temperature higher than
- To avoid injury, keep your fingers away from mobile parts (armrests, folding system, legrests/footrests), and maintain good
posture before lifting the wheelchair.
! Avoid operating on wet areas as well as gravel, grass, etc.
(sand and sea water particularly damage ball bearings). When
using the wheelchair inside, we recommend using solid tyre
castors, especially when riding on carpet.
1.2. General description (see photo)
1.1. Introduction
Your wheelchair is made of various parts and this manual
describes only the main parts. We recommend that you
become acquainted with the following terms in order to
better understand your wheelchair operation :
The seat consists of the seat and backrest upholstery,
the backrest and armrests. This unit is designed to provide
optimal comfort.
Your wheelchair has been factory set before you purchased
it. However, it must be specifically adapted to your needs.
The following detailed paragraphs describe the various
functions and possible adjustments as well as available
options. You can make some adjustments yourself, while
others can be made only by your dealer.
Important: based upon the selected model or options, your
new Action3 Junior wheelchair may be not equipped with all
of the components or options which are described in the
following pages.
NB: Some models or options are not be available in your
This is a warning symbol, it is essential that the
instructions in these paragraphs are followed in
order to prevent personal injury to yourself and
others around you.
iThis is a information symbol about possibility to
contact your Dealer for more information.
The swing-away footrest support or legrest : this
is the supporting part between the frame and the footrest
which swivels to facilitate transfers and can be removed
during transport.
The footrest consists of an adjustable tube and the
footplate which supports the foot.
The folding frame consists of side frames and a folding
system including the seat rails. These parts constitute the
frame, which is the supporting component of the wheelchair
and its strength is well tested (checked at 80 kg).
The steering tube is the connection between frame and
castors ; it allows the adjustment of the seat angle.
The rear wheel consists of the wheel, axle and handrim.
The position of the rear wheels relative to the seated user
determines the rearward stability and also the ease by wich
the user can propel the wheelchair using the handrims. They
are mounted on the multiple adjustment wheel support
Changing the rear wheel position will have a significant impact
on the stability of the user.
 The castor consists of the front wheel and the fork. The
castors provide front contact with the ground and determine
the steering by the direction of the forks.
2. Adjustments
The manual brake is a parking brake. The two manual
brakes are used to secure the wheelchair when stationary.
• Nylon upholstery seat with or without Velcro fastener : the
Velcro fasteners are required for the proper positioning of
the cushion (photo 1) ; please make sure that the cushion is
properly positioned on the seat.
2.1.1 Seat upholstery
- Standard seats
• Padded seat : it provides comfortable support to the user.
Backrest upholstery
Rear wheel
Swing away
Rear wheel
Rear wheel axle
footrest tube
2.1. Seat
Standard seats are not adjustable; in the event that they
become slack, it is recommended that you ask your dealer to
replace them.
Always use upholstery equipped with Velcro fasteners
when you have a cushion in order to prevent sliding.
Adding a cushion to the seat will raise your height above
the ground and can affect your stability in all directions. If a
cushion is changed it may also change the users stability.
i Invacare provides a wide range of seat cushions adapted
to your needs. Please contact your dealer.
Steering tube
Front wheel
i The upholstery and casing of the two seats will wear,
please contact your dealer for possible replacement.
! Make sure that the seat is properly positioned on the 2
seat rails to provide safety and comfort for the user.
Keep your fingers away from movable parts to prevent
injuries during folding and unfolding !
2.1.2 Type of backrests
- Fixed backrests (photo 2):
• Fixed backrest of 0° and 7°; these two backrests do not require adjustments, they can be equipped with padded backrest
or tension-adjustable backrest (optional, see paragraph 2.1.3).
Always make sure that the backrest is properly locked
in place before the user settles down in the wheelchair to
prevent any injuries !
The folding version can be optionally equipped with height
adjustable push handles which provide better comfort to the
attendant (photo 4); loosen the knob (A), moves the push
handle to the required position and retighten the knob (A)
firmly. When raised to the maximum height a spring loaded
pin will locate in a hole hidden beneath the upholstery just
below the knob (A). To lower the push handle from the
maximum height first loosen knob (A), then press on the pin
through the upholstery and lower the push handle.
Make sure push handles are locked fast before use
- Folding backrest (photo 3)
• To save space when transporting folded and unoccupied,
operate lever (A) by pulling or pushing it and fold the top of
the backrest. To return to the initial position, bring the top in
the vertical position; it locks automatically.
! Don’t raise push handles to maximum height when
tilting the chair. For best practices, please refer to
paragraph 1.4.1. Tilting, Kerbs, for the safety instructions.
- Reclining backrest 0° - 30°
The intended use of reclining backrest is to get a relaxing,
comfort position for the user. It is not indented to be used in
a dynamic situation and it should be used on horizontal surface when the backrest is reclined (especially when the backrest
angle is more than 10°). Anti-tippers are recommended for
those who need to feel safer or have a specific usage.
Simultaneously pull the levers (A) to provides the same angle
on both sides, release the levers when you reach the desired
angle.(Photo 5)
Mechanical version
Gas strut version 0° to 30° continuously (Photo 6).
The gas struts provides a help to the attendant to raise the
user, always operated with the user seated in the wheelchair.
It is recommended that this operation be performed
only by the attendant. Always make sure that the backrest is
locked in place to ensure perfect safety for the user.
Keep away fingers from moving parts (levers, cylinders,
mechanisms, etc.) to prevent injuries !
Avoid operating levers (A) (photos 6 & 7) during a sideways
transfer, for example, in order to prevent destabilising the
user’s position !
There are 4 angles position by step of 10°.
Note : Push on the backrest canes before operating the levers,
this is to release the auto-locked security system. (Photo 5A).
if you consider there is an excessive free play in the
recliner mechanism after a simple visual examination of the
ratchet, please contact your Dealer.
To ensure safety for the user, when backrest is reclined, we
recommend to use anti-tippers (available as an option).
i Maintenance of reclining backrest mechanism varies with
use. Please contact your Dealer.
Based upon the development of your disability, you can
choose an Action Junior backrest that meets your needs.
Please consult with your Dealer.
2.1.3 Backrest upholstery
- Standard upholstery backrests
• The padded backrest provides excellent daily comfort for
the user who does not need specific support for the upper
Before making adjustments please ensure that the wheel
chair is fully opened, the seat rails are properly located.
- Lift the flap (A) and pull the strips (B) in order to stretch or
slacken them.
Each strap can be individually adjusted to provide best comfort as possible to the user.
Reposition the flap (A)
for a replacement from your Dealer.
Check the quality and positioning of the Velcro fasteners. Always make this adjustments before the user settles
down in the wheelchair to prevent injuries !
The backrest tubes could be bent inwards by over tensioning
the straps.
• Contour (tension) adjustable backrest (photo 7)
2.1.4 80° & 90° Hangers and Legrest
Contour allows adjustment of the backrest curvature based
upon user’s body posture, to provide the best comfort as
- 80° Removable and swing away hanger (photo 8) : Standard
footrest supports are swung away for easier transfers and
can be removed during transport.
i In the event that the upholstered backrest slackens, ask
Push lever (A) sideways and swivel towards outside or inside
in case there is not enough space. (To return to the initial
position, align the footrest support, it locks automatically). To
remove the footrest support, simply pull it up after unlocking
the assembly.
Reverse the procedure to reassemble, while still in the unlocked position.
- 90° Removable and swing away (photo 9) : To remove the
90° hanger, just pull it up and remove it completely from the
wheelchair. To swing it away, slightly pull up (about 2 cm) and
swivel towards outside or inside.
- Height adjustable (photo 9) : Remove the hexagonal screw
(B) and adjust the footplate to the desired height, based upon
preset holes.
Align the two holes and reposition the hexagonal screw, then
tighten the assembly without forcing.
- For 80° hanger only, indexation to 0°or 30° (photo 10) : Remove the hexagonal screw (C) and position the indexed plate
(D) to 0° or 30° on the vertical upright (preset hole). Align
the two holes and reposition the hexagonal screw, tighten
the assembly firmly.
Note : the standard footrest supports and legrests are
mounted in pairs on the wheelchair; whenever you remove
them, remember that you have a right side and a left side !
! Never lift the wheelchair by the footrest supports or
legrests !
Keep your fingers away from movable parts during folding,
disassembling or adjustment to prevent injuries !
- Removable and swing away : To remove the leg rest, simply
lift the mechanism up vertically and remove it completely
from the wheelchair. To swing it away, slightly pull up (about 2
cm) and swivel towards outside or inside.
- Adjustable (photo 11) : Angle is adjustable through tooth
plate : loosen the knob (A), adjust to the desired angle based
upon notches and tighten firmly.
The calf pad is height adjustable by sliding : loosen the knob
(B), adjust to the desired height, tighten firmly.
The footplate is height adjustable : loosen the knob (C), adjust
to the desired height based upon the preset holes and tighten
The footplate is angle adjustable by tooth plate : loosen the
screw (D), adjust to the desired angle based upon notches and
tighten firmly.
Footboard (photo 11A) : it can be lifted during transfers, it’s
height and angle adjustable.
Loosen the screw (A) to adjust to the desired height (preset
holes) on both side, adjust to the desired angle and tighten
securely on both side.
2.1.5 Armrests (photos 12, 13 & 13A)
Note : the armrests are mounted in pairs on the wheelchair ;
whenever you remove them, remember that you have a right
and a left side !
! Never lift the wheelchair by the armrests!
Keep your fingers away from movable parts during folding,
disassembling or adjustment to prevent injuries!
These armrests with central fixation from now on are
equipped with a support adjustable (in 2 parts) which enables
you to reduce the plays and to facilitate the vertical tube
extraction, it is necessary to tighten or loosen the 4 screws
(B) according to the anticipated result (photo 13A).
To remove armrests, simply lift them up. Previously, press on
the push pin (C) located at the bottom of the armrest vertical
upright. Reverse the procedure to reinstall them.
To adjust to the desired height, loosen the screw (A), adjust to
the desired height and tighten the screw (A), without forcing.
Repeat previous procedure to remove.
2.2. Frame
2.2.3 Steering tubes
2.2.1 Folding system
They provide seat dump (1,5°, 5° or 8,5°) based upon user’s
capacity, propulsion, desired floor-to-seat height and selected
front and rear wheels.
It consists of two cross-bars which integrate seat rails.
To fold and unfold your wheelchair, see chapter A “ General ”
paragraph 2.1.
2.2.2 Side frame
The sides or side frames are designed to accommodate the
steering tubes for the castors and multiple adjustment wheel
mounting for rear wheels.
- These wheel mountings allow five height positions and three
longitudinal positions (Active = advanced for better handling;
Standard = serial delivery with fixed or folding backrest;
Passive = backward for better stability, serial with reclining
backrest and Transit (12”) version).
The above information is given to the user for information only.
Any wheels position and/or angle fork adjustments to the
set up of your wheelchair should only be performed at the
direction of a competent person who has fully risk assessed
the implication of any changes to the wheelchair configuration.
Please consult your dealer.
- Dual amputee position (option or accessory): to prevent
back tip with Amputee user’s, the rear wheel axles can be
positioned backwards from the backrest cane axle (specific
manual brakes are included in the kit) for a better stability.
i All these adjustments and changes of position must be
performed by a professional technician upon agreement by
your prescribing physician. Please consult with your dealer.
2.3. Rear wheels
2.3.1 22" & 20" wheels
The 22" (550 mm) and the 20" (500 mm) wheels are only
spoked wheels. They can be delivered with pneumatic or
solid tyre.These spoked wheels can optionally accommodate
spoke guards to prevent injuring the fingers during propulsion.
A flat tyre (photo 14) must be removed in order to be
repaired. Remove the rim assembly (tyre and inner tube),
repair or replace the inner tube, reinsert in the tyre and
reposition the assembly on the rim.
Comply with the inflation pressure specified on the sidewall
of the tyre.
Note : remember that in order to maintain the interchangeability of the chair wheels equipped with quick-release axles,
the pressure in the two tyres should be the same.
! Check and adjust the brakes to ensure they are still
correctly positioned and function as required.
Never exceed the pressure specified on the sidewalls of
the tyre, otherwise, the tyre may explode and cause injuries !
i Pneumatic tyres wear out. In addition, the roughness
of the ground surface and driving have an impact on their
longevity. Replace them regularly to avoid punctures caused
by puncture. Please consult with your Dealer.
2.3.2 Handrims
They provide the wheelchair propulsion. They are made of
anodized aluminium.
Handrims are constantly in contact with your hands.
Make sure that they are not damaged !
2.3.3 Axles
The axles connect the wheels and frame. Fixed and quick-release axles are available
- Fixed axles: regularly check the axle tightening.
- Quick-release axles (photo 15) : depress the button (A) and
insert the axle in the wheel hub. Position the assembly in the
bearing (B) of the multiple adjustable wheel mounting until
it locks in place. The locking balls (C) must rise above the
bearing. No significant side clearance is allowed.
To reduce clearance as much as possible (photo 16), remove
the axle and adjust the nut using a 24 mm key ; then block
the axle with an 11mm open-end key.
Make sure that the axle and the locking balls are clean.
(wipe out every month with a rag soaked with fine oil)
To prevent falls, it is essential that the button (A) and the
locking balls (C) are disengaged providing a perfect lock of the
rear wheels.
The quick release axle is a precision part, take care of shocks and
clean regularly to ensure the good working of the mechanism.
2.4. Castors
2.4.1 5" solid wheels
The front wheels are available in 5" (125 mm) diameter and in
two widths, 1" (25 mm) and 1 3/4" (45 mm).
down the wheelchair or to be used as support during a
transfer. They must be operated simultaneously.
In order to brake, push the handle (A) forward. The handle folds
back to facilitate transfers. Draw as a preliminary the handle
upwards ! Once the brakes are engaged, the wheelchair should
not move at all.
Note : brake adjustments are based upon the diameter and
type of the wheels. After repairing a flat tyre or in the event
of wear of the pneumatic or solid tyre, you may need to adjust
the brake(s). To adjust the brake(s), loosen the two screws
(B) and slide the brake assembly to obtain the following value
between the wheel and the brake shoe in unlocked position
(photo 18)
2.4.2 Forks
! Please make sure this adjustment is always done as describe whatever the chair configuration is.
Solid tyre X = 6 mm, Pneumatic tyre X = 5 mm
Different fork positions are available based upon the selection
of floor-to-seat height, castors and rear wheels.
! Firmly tighten the screws (B) after adjustment.
Keep your fingers away from movable parts to prevent injuries !
Note : refer to paragraph 2.3.1. for regular maintenance.
i Please take advice from your dealer, if you want to replace a fork or the castors or rear wheels.
2.5. Brakes
2.5.1 Manual brakes
The manual brakes (photo 17) are designed to secure the
wheelchair during long stops. They are not intended to slow
2.5.2 Hub brakes (photos 19 & 20)
2.6. Options
Besides the functions provided by manual brakes, the hub
brakes provide the slow down (for example, on a slope) and
improved safety because they are still efficient when you have
a flat tyre !
2.6.1 Seating options
- Headrest
To slow down, gradually pull the lever (A) upwards.
To lock the brake in parking position, with the lever (A)
tightened, push the lock (B) to engage it in the notches of the
brake handle ; then pull the lock up to unlock.
Assembly (photo 21): Assemble the 2 clamps and the headrest mechanism on the back brace (fixed)/push bar (evolutive)
by using the 2 provided screws (E): firmly tighten (screwdriver Pozidriv n°2) to the desired position. To swing away for
transfer, slightly unscrew lever (A) and move the headrest
backwards. Reverse the operation to reinstall.
To adjust braking : turn the screw (C) counterclockwise to
increase braking force and turn clockwise to reduce it.
Adjust the angle and height of the whole headrest by loosening
lever (A) and screws (B).
Then set to the desired position and retighten firmly.
i The specific adjustments of hub brakes must always be
performed by your Dealer.
Always operate the two brakes simultaneously and do
not take slopes exceeding 5° to ensure perfect control of the
wheelchair steering !
Adjust the angle of the ”wings” (C) of the headrest by unzipping
the headrest attachment zip and by loosening the screw (D).
Set the required angle and shut the zip.
The headrest should not be adjusted whilst the user is applying
any load against it, please check the backrests are tightly secured to avoid any injury.
Push bar adjustment (photo 22):
Height, depth and width adjustable; slightly loosen the two
screws, (F), adjust to the desired position based upon the
attendand needs and firmly tighten both screws (F)
Note : The push bar swings away to facilitate the ease of folding the wheelchair; slightly loosen lever (G), pull up and swivel
along the backrest until it is in vertical position. To reposition
it, reverse the procedure and firmly tighten lever (G) making
sure that the lever is properly tightened (H).
! Do not lift the chair by handling the push bar as this
could potentially unlock from the wheelchair causing injury,
and please ensure your fingers are kept away from any moving
- Back brace (photo 23) : it provides tension to the backrest
upholstery and provides the attendant better ergonomics
when pushing the wheelchair.
Note : it swings away to facilitate the wheelchair folding;
slightly loosen the button (A), pull up and swivel along the
backrest until it is in vertical position.
To reposition it, reverse the procedure and firmly tighten the
button (A) making sure that the button is properly tighten (B).
It is important to ensure that the backbrace is correctly
fitted and engaged at all times when the chair is in use. (see
label on the backbrace) (photo 24). Do not lift the chair by
handling the back brace. There is a risk to unlocked the back
brace by push it up. Keep your fingers away from movable
parts to prevent injuries.
2.6.2 Propulsion options
2.6.3 Safety equipment and options
- Transit version (photos 25 & 26) : the wheelchair is designed
to be driven only by the attendant. To facilitate sideways
transfers and save space, the wheelchair is equipped with rear
wheels of 12" (315 mm) with pneumatic or solid tyres.
- Safety standard equipment :
Note : Transit version equipped with a reclining backrest is
always fitted with anti-tippers.
The manual brakes (optional hub brake) are only accessible to
the attendant; operate the handle (A) to lock the wheelchair
in parking position.
Note : for further information about the use of the two
types of brakes, see paragraphs 2.5.1 & 2.5.2.
Posture belt
• Velcro fastener (photo 27) : position the two Velcro strips
one over the other based upon the user’s build.
• Buckle fastener (photo 28) : to close the buckle, engage
part (A) into part (B), to open press (C).
Straps should be adjusted to suit user, insert into part (B) of
the buckle and adjust the loop (D) based on the remaining
Ensure you are sitting correctly, i.e. fully back in the seat, and
the pelvis is as upright and symmetrical as possible - not
forward on one side or tilted back.
Position the posture belt so that the hip bones can be felt
above the belt.
As a guide, adjust the length so that there is just sufficient
room for your hand to slide between your body and the belt.
For ease of use it is recommended that the clasp is kept in a
central position where possible i.e. make adjustments to each
side of metal buckle belt with double adjuster. Please check
your posture belt every week, to ensure that it is in good
condition; no damage, fraying etc. and that it is securely fixed
to the wheelchair.
Anti-tippers with tipping lever (photo 30) : prevent back
tipping which ensures safety when using a reclining backrest,
driving on slopes or crossing obstacles.
It is height adjustable and also act as tipping lever (see paragraph Tipping lever)
Anti-tippers can remain in place when the wheelchair is not
used; perform a half-turn by activating the button (A in figure
31 & B in photo 29) and rotating.
! In case the posture belt has to be replaced, the new belt
fixation should be conform to the scheme enclosed with each
belt delivery; the belt should be mounted and adjusted by
your regular dealer.
! The recommended distance between anti-tippers small
wheels and floor is 3 to 5 centimetres ; this adjustment is
required with reference to the position and diameter of the
rear wheel.
Make sure that the belts do not get caught in the spokes of
the rear wheel.
Push down the button (C in photo 29 & A in figure 31) and
adjust the wheels holding tube for the desired distance based
upon the preset holes.
The posture belt must not be used as a 3-point belt in a car.
- Safety optional equipment :
! Make sure that the dog points locates in and protrudes
through its appropriate location hole in the frame tube in
order to prevent any falls.
Anti-tippers (photo 29) : prevent back tipping which ensures
safety when using a reclining backrest, driving on slopes or
crossing obstacles. These are removable : push down the
button (A) and pull back. Reverse the procedure to reinstall.
Make sure that the dog point (B) protrudes over the frame
Tipping lever (photo 32) : it allows the attendant to easily tip
the wheelchair when crossing an obstacle (pavement, step,
etc.) ; push down the lever with your foot (right or left) and
maintain balance using the push handles.
The tipping lever is mounted the same as the anti-tippers, in
the same tube.
Note : Make sure that the anti-tipper wheel is ALWAYS located out side the rear wheel volume.
All these adjustments and changes of position must be performed by a professional technician because these can affect the
stability and the safety of the user ! Please consult your dealer.
2.6.4. Other option
- Transparent tray (photo 33) : it is positioned on the armpads of the armrests. Slide the tray forward or backward
based upon the user’s build.
! Do not place very heavy and unstable objects,
containers with very hot and corrosive liquids on the tray,
which may cause serious injury if they fall.
3 cm mini
3.2.Tools for adjustments and regular maintenance
(not supplied)
3. Specifications and tool's
3.1. Standard wheelchair specifications
Maximum user weight :
80 kg
Seat width :
20,5 / 23 / 25,5 /28 / 30,5 / 33
35,5 / 38 cm
Seat depth :
20 to 25 / 25 to 30
27,5 to 32,5 / 30 to 35
32,5 to 37 cm
Floor/seat height :
46 / 43,5 / 41 cm
Rear wheel :
22" (550 mm) pneumatic tyre
Castors :
5" (125 mm) solid tyre
Parking brake :
Manual brake
with indexed brake shoe
Backrest :
Fixed, folding, reclining
Armrests :
Footrest supports & Legrests :
Removable and swing-away
Seat upholstery :
Black nylon on reinforced
Frame :
Aluminium, epoxy coated
Wheelchair average weight :
14,5 kg
Footrest tube
5 mm Allen key
5 mm Allen) key
5 mm Allen key
4 mm Allen key
10 mm open-end wrench
T20 Torx key
13 mm open-end Wrench(X 2)
24 mm open-end wrench(X 2)
19 mm open-end wrench
11 mm open-end wrench
Rear wheel fixed axle
Quick-release axle
After sale and disposal recommendations
• It is compulsary to use original Invacare spare parts which
you can buy through any Invacare dealer.
• For repair, please contact your local Invacare dealer.
• Disposal : the metal parts can be disposed of for scrap
metal through recycling. Plastic parts are disposed of as plastic
scrap. Disposal must be carried out in accordance with the
respective national regulation. Please apply to your municipal
authorities/local government for details about local disposal
3.3. Dimensions
1021 1/2
Seat effective
width (mm)
front wheel and
rear wheel
Height from
ground to
back seat
( 0° )
width (mm)
Width of
Height from
ground to
front seat
height when
backrest is
folded (mm)
( 0° )
footrest and
seat (mm)
armrest and
Invacare France Operations SAS
Route de Saint Roch - 37230 FONDETTES
Yes, you can.
Invacare Australia Pty Ltd.
1 lenton Place, North Rockes NSW 2151 Australia ( (61) 2 8839 5333 Fax (61) 2 8839 5353
Invacare n.v.
Autobaan 22 8210 Loppem (Brugge) Belgium & Luxemburg ( +32 (50) 831010 Fax +32 (50) 831011
Invacare A/S
Sdr. Ringvej 37 2605 Brøndby Danmark ((kundeservice) +45 - (0) 3690 0000 Fax (kundeservice) +45 - (0) 3690 0001
Invacare Aquatec GmbH
Alemannenstraße 10, D-88316 Isny Deutschland ( +49 (0) 75 62 7 00 0 Fax +49 (0) 75 62 7 00 66
European Distributor Organisation
Invacare, Kleistsraße 49, D-32457 Porta Westfalica Deutschland ( +49 (0) 31 754 540 Fax +49 (0) 57 31 754 541
Invacare SA
c/Areny s/n Poligon Industrial de Celrà 17460 Celrà (Girona) España ( +34 - (0) 972 - 49 32 00 Fax +34 - (0) 972 - 49 32 20
Invacare Poirier SAS
Route de St Roch F-37230 Fondettes France ( +33 - (0) 2 47 62 64 66 Fax +33 - (0) 2 47 42 12 24
Invacare Mecc San s.r.l.
Via dei Pini, 62 I-36016 Thiene (VI) Italia ( +39 - (0) 445-380059 Fax +39 - (0) 445-380034
Invacare Ireland Ltd
Unit 5 Seatown Business Campus, Seatown Rd, Swords, County Dublin Ireland ( (353) 1 8107084 Fax (353) 1 8107085
Invacare NZ
4 Westfield Place Mt.Wellington Auckland New Zealand ((kundeservice) +64 - 22 57 95 10 Fax (kundeservice) +64 - 22 57 95 01
Invacare AS
Grensesvingen 9 0603 Oslo Norge ((kundeservice) +47 - 22 57 95 10 Fax (kundeservice) +47 - 22 57 95 01
Invacare PORTUGAL Lda
Rua Estrada Velha, 949 4465-784 Leça do Balio Portugal
( +351-225105946 Fax +351-225105739
Invacare AB
Fagerstagatan 9 163 91 Spånga Sverige ((kundtjänst) +46 - (0) 8 761 70 90 Fax (kundtjänst) +46 - (0) 8 761 81 08
Invacare B.V.
Celsiusstraat 46 NL-6716 BZ Ede The Nederland ( +31 - (0) 318 - 69 57 57 Fax +31 - (0) 318 - 69 57 58
1492396 V1
Invacare Ltd
South Road Bridgend Industrial Estate Mid Glamorgan CF31 3PY United Kingdom
( (Customer Service) +44 - (0) 1656 - 647 327 Fax (Customer Service) +44 - (0) 1656 - 649 016
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