ManualOptic6

ManualOptic6
SYSTEM INSTRUCTION MANUAL
FM/QPCM
Futaba is a registered trademark of the Futaba Corporation.
Airtronics is a registered trademark of the Sanwa corporation.
JR is a registered trademark of the JR corporation.
Multiplex is a registered trademark of the Multiplex corporation.
English Manual
Acro / Glider
Heli
Three in One
Made in the Philippines
Table of Contents
Introduction to the Optic System
About this manual
Optic System Options:
Flying Safety
Airplane Frequencies
Radio Installation Notes
Notes on Servos
Mounting
Servo Throw
Switch Harness Installation
Receiver Notes
Antenna
Connectors
Using The Aileron Extension
Vibration and Waterproofing
Charging the Optic Ni-Cd Batteries
Operating With A Trainer Cord
Other Adjustments
Adjustable length control sticks
Stick lever tension adjustment
Changing the Optic transmitter's mode
Factory Repair Service
Optic Controls and Switch Assignments
Transmitter Input Buttons
Receiver - Servo Connection List
Transmitter Displays & Messages
Warning Displays
Model Setup Functions
M.SEL - Model Select
COPY - Copy Model
ACGL, HELI - Model Type Select
Swashplate Type Selection
Model Name
Transmit Shift - SFT.N, SFT.P
Modulation - PPM, QPCM
TIME -Timer Function Setup
REST - Data Reset
AIRCRAFT & GLIDER (ACGL) MENU FUNCTIONS
Simple Transmitter Setup Aerobatic Airplane (ACGL Menu)
Simple Transmitter Setup - Electric Airplane,
5-Channel Receiver (ACGL Menu)
Optic Aircraft Controls and Switch Assignments
3
3
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15
15
Airplane Model Function Descriptions
EPA - End Point Adjust
D/R - Dual Rates
EXP - Exponential
STRM - Subtrim Settings
REV - Servo Reversing
T.CUT - Throttle Cut (Engine Kill) Function
STCK - Throttle Location
FLPT - Flap Travel Function
FLPN - Flaperon Mixing
ADIF - Aileron Differential
CAMB - Camber Control
LAND - Landing Function
ELVN - Elevon Mixing
VTAL - V-Tail Mixing
A->R - Aileron Rudder Mixing
E->F - Elevator Flap Mixing
CROW - Crow Mixing (Airbrakes)
PMX1, PMX2 - Programmable Mixes 1 and 2
S/W SEL - Switch Selection For Auxiliary Functions
AILV - Ailevator Function
FAIL - Failsafe Function
Aircraft Flight Trimming Chart
Optic Helicopter (HELI) Programming
Optic Helicopter Controls and Switch Assignments
Helicopter Setup Instructions
Menu Descriptions - Helicopter
Helicopter Flight Conditions
R->T - Rudder Throttle Mixing
GYRO - Gyro settings
HOLD - Throttle Hold
THCV - Throttle Curve
PTCV - Pitch Curve
S/W SEL - Switch Selection For Auxiliary Functions
RVMX - Revolution mixing
SWAH - Swashplate adjust (120° swash only)
Hovering Throttle Adjustment Lever (Pilot Control)
Hovering Pitch Adjustment Lever (Pilot Control)
Helicopter Flight Trimming Chart
16
22
26
Adjusting Hovering Pitch and Hovering Throttle
GLOSSARY
ACGL Model Data Recording Sheet
HELI Model Data Recording Sheet
Table of Contents - Page 2
Introduction to the Optic System
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Congratulations! You now own a Hitec R Optic, an extremely
versatile radio control system that may be effectively used by
both beginning and master pilots. The transmitter may be
programmed for aircraft/gliders or helicopters, all with special
mixing functions, so it can accommodate many model
configurations. You can store programming for eight different
models in this powerful system! The transmitter will remember
all of your settings for each of your different models forever no backup battery is ever needed. With programmable shift, it
can be used with all PPM/FM receiver models, even those
from other brands! The system pushbuttons allow rapid data
input into the easy-to-read LCD display. With its electronic
digital trims, you'll never lose your trim positions again,
because they stay at the same place you left them for every
model stored in memory! You can select the on-off switches
for many functions, and you can even assign the throttle to an
on-off switch, great for electrics! Standard programming
features include servo reversing for all channels, subtrims, end
point adjust on all channels, dual rates (with choice of switch),
and exponential. Pre-programmed functions and programmable
mixers allow you to use the system for any type of model you
can imagine. For those learning to fly, the transmitter has
"buddy-box" capability, so that you may connect a second
Hitec transmitter with an optional trainer cord part #58310 for
training by an instructor pilot.
There are two aircraft menu's to choose from:
Aircraft/Glider preprogrammed mixing features include
flaperon (dual aileron servos), flap trim, camber control,
landing mixing, aileron differential, ailevator (dual elevator
servos), V-tail, elevon (for flying-wing models), landing settings,
throttle-cut, throttle control select, aileron
rudder mixing,
elevator
flap mixing, and crow mixing. Two programmable
mixers are also provided for making your own custom functions.
The second aileron may be set to plug into channel 5, so you
can use the system with ultralight five-channel receivers
without any problems!
Helicopter features include five-point pitch and throttle curves,
high and low revolution mixing, throttle cut, throttle hold, gyro
settings, and rudder
throttle mixing. You may select a
conventional swashplate, or if you have a more complex
chopper, mixing is provided for the 120 type of three-servo
swashplates. Two programmable mixers are also provided for
making your own custom functions or for custom
compensations. Of course, the Optic helicopter menus have
the four helicopter flight mode settings found in other radios
costing hundreds of dollars more.
About this manual
This manual has been carefully written from scratch to
be as helpful to you, the new owner, as possible - it is
not just a translation! There are many pages of setup
procedures, examples, explanations, and trimming
instructions. In order for you to make the best use of
your system and to fly safely, please read this manual
carefully. If you don't have time to read it thoroughly, at
least spend some time browsing through it so that you
can see all the features this fine system has to offer and
remember them for future use.
Optic System Options:
1. Standard Version, Item #158721. Includes four
HS-325HB ball bearing servos, 8 channel Supreme
receiver, 600 mAH airborne battery, standard switch
harness, and overnight wall charger.
2. Airplane Spectra Version, Item # 158722. Includes
Transmitter and Spectra frequency synthesizer
module and overnight wall charger.
3. QPCM Version, Item # 158724. Includes four
HS-325HB ball-bearing servos, 7-channel QPCM
receiver, 600 mAH receiver battery, switch harness,
and overnight wall charger.
These versions come with the following accessories:
- 12" (30 cm) servo extension cord
- Frequency number flag
- Hardware and mounting package for all the servos
- Flight preserver" closed-cell foam wrap to protect
the receiver from shock and vibration.
- Warranty card
- Manual
4. Spectra QPCM Transmitter Version, Item # 158725.
Optic transmitter with Spectra Synthesizer Module,
7-channel QPCM receiver and overnight wall charger.
This product is to be used for sport and recreational
flying of radio-control models only. Hitec is not
responsible for the results of use of this product by the
customer or for any alteration of this product, including
modification or incorporation into other devices by third
parties. Modification will void any warranty and is done
at owner's risk.If you have any difficulties, please consult
this manual, your hobby dealer, or Hitec (contact
information is provided in the rear of this manual). Note
the information contained in this manual is subject to
change without notice due to possible changes in
manufacturing procedures, system software
programming, or updates. "Hitec" is a registered
trademark of the Hitec RCD, Inc.Disclaimer: This
information specific to North American versions of the
Optic.
Introduction to the Optic System - Page 3
Flying Safety
To ensure your own safety and the safety of others, please
observe the following precautions:
Charge the Batteries!
Be sure to recharge the batteries before each flying session.
A battery low in charge will soon die, causing loss of control
and a crash. Plug in the charger that comes in this system
and hook up the transmitter and airborne batteries the day
before a planned flying session. Be sure the charger is not
turned off by the room's light on-off switch!
When you begin your flying session, reset the transmitter's
timer to keep track of how long the system's been used, and
monitor the transmitter's voltage display. Quit flying when your
transmitter battery level reaches 9.4 volts.
Be careful when you use a field charger on your batteries.
A fast-charger may overcharge the batteries, causing
overheating and a premature failure. Never charge your
transmitter or receiver battery at a rate higher than 2 amps.
Flying field
We recommend that you fly at a recognized model airplane
flying field. You can find model clubs and fields by asking the
nearest hobby dealer, or contacting the Academy of Model
Aeronautics. Always pay particular attention to the flying
field's rules, as well as the presence and location of spectators,
the wind direction, and any obstacles on the field. Be very
careful flying in areas near power lines, tall buildings, or
communication facilities as there may be radio interference in
their vicinity. If you must fly at a site that is not a club field, be
sure there are no other modelers flying within a two-mile range,
or you may lose control of your aircraft.
motor may unexpectedly turn on and cause a severe injury.
Before starting the engine, fully retract the transmitter antenna,
power up the transmitter and receiver, and check to be sure
that the servos follow the movement of the sticks. If a servo
operates abnormally, don't attempt to fly until you determine
the cause of the problem. Finally, before starting the engine,
be sure to check that the transmitter model memory is
correct for the chosen model.While you're getting ready to fly,
if you place your transmitter on the ground, be sure that the
wind won't tip it over. If it is knocked over, the throttle stick
may accidentally get moved causing the engine to race
unexpectedly, causing damage or injury to anyone nearby.
Before taxiing, be sure to extend the transmitter antenna to its
full length. A collapsed antenna will reduce your flying range
and may cause a loss of control. It is a good idea to avoid
pointing the transmitter antenna directly at the model at all
times, since the signal is weakest in that direction.
Finally, don't fly in the rain! Water or moisture may enter the
transmitter through the antenna or stick openings and cause
erratic operation or loss of control. If you must fly in wet
weather during a contest, be sure to protect your transmitter
with a plastic bag or waterproof barrier.
Once you arrive at the flying field...
Before flying, be sure that the frequency you intend to fly with
is not in use, and secure any frequency control device (pin, tag,
etc.) for that frequency before turning on your transmitter.
Never believe that it's possible to fly two or more models on the
same frequency at the same time. Even though there are
different types of modulation (AM, PPM or FM, and PCM), only
one model may be flown on a single frequency.
When you are ready to fly your model, position the throttle stick
or switch to its low speed position, or do whatever is necessary
to command your motor NOT to run. Then, you may turn on
the transmitter power followed by the receiver power. Use the
LOCK function to prevent accidental throttle commands. When
you have finished flying, begin by turning off the receiver power,
then turn off the transmitter power. If you do not follow these
procedures, you may damage your servos or control surfaces,
flood your motor, or in the case of electric-powered models, the
Flying Safety - Page 4
Airplane Frequencies
The following frequencies and channel numbers may be used
for flying aircraft in the U.S. (this information specific to North
American versions of the Optic):
72 MHz band
Ch.No.
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
MHz
72.010
72.030
72.050
72.070
72.090
72.110
72.130
72.150
72.170
72.190
72.210
72.230
72.250
Ch.No.
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
MHz
72.270
72.290
72.310
72.330
72.350
72.370
72.390
72.410
72.430
72.450
72.470
72.490
72.510
Ch.No.
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
MHz
72.530
72.550
72.570
72.590
72.610
72.630
72.650
72.670
72.690
72.710
72.730
72.750
72.770
Ch.No.
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
MHz
72.790
72.810
72.830
72.850
72.870
72.890
72.910
72.930
72.950
72.970
72.990
It is very important to display your transmitters channel number
at all times. To install your frequency flag device on your
transmitters antenna, slide the appropriate paper numbers into
the slots and slip the device onto the transmitters antenna.
Radio Installation Notes
While you are installing the battery, receiver, and servos into
your model's fuselage, please pay attention to the following
guidelines:
Notes on Servos
Mounting
When you mount each servo, use the supplied rubber
grommets and insert an eyelet up through the bottom. Be sure
not to over tighten the screws. If any portion of the servo case
directly contacts the fuselage or the servo rails, the rubber
grommets will not be able to attenuate vibration, which can
lead to mechanical wear and servo failure.
Servo Throw
Once you have installed the servos, operate each one over its
full travel and check that the pushrod and output arms do not
bind or collide with each other, even at extreme trim settings.
Check to see that each control linkage does not require undue
force to move (if you hear a servo buzzing when there is no
transmitter control motion, most likely there is too much friction
in the control or pushrod). Even though the servo will tolerate
loads like this, they will drain the battery pack much more rapidly.
Switch Harness Installation
When you are ready to install the switch harness, remove the
switch cover and use it as a template to cut screw holes and a
rectangular hole slightly larger than the full stroke of the switch.
Choose a switch location on the opposite side of the fuselage
from the engine exhaust, and choose a location where it can't
be inadvertently turned on or off during handling or storage.
Install the switch so that it moves without restriction and "snaps"
from ON to OFF and vice versa.
Receiver Notes
DO NOT cut or coil the receiver antenna wire. It is normal for
the receiver antenna to be longer than the fuselage. DO NOT
cut it or fold it back on itself - cutting or folding changes the
electrical length of the antenna and may reduce range.
Secure the antenna to the top of the vertical fin or the tail boom,
and let the excess length trail behind the aircraft (be sure it
cannot tangle with the tail rotor on a helicopter).
You may run the antenna inside of a non-metallic housing
within the fuselage (a plastic outer pushrod housing works well
for this), but range may suffer if the antenna is located near
metal pushrods or cables. Be sure to perform a range check
before flying. With the antenna collapsed, you should be able
to walk 20 - 30 paces from the model without losing control or
seeing "jitter" in the servos. The range check should be done
with the motor running and the model should be securely
restrained in case of loss of control.
Airplane Frequencies, Radio Installation Notes - Page 5
Radio Installation Notes
Connectors
Be sure the alignment of a servo or battery connector is correct
before inserting it into the receiver. To remove a connector
from the receiver, try to pull on the connector's plastic housing
rather than pulling on the wires. Pulling the wires can ruin the
connector pins and break wires.
Using The Aileron Extension
If any of your servos are located too far away to plug directly
into the receiver (like the aileron servo), or you need to unplug
the servo each time you disassemble the model, use a servo
extension cord to extend the length of the servo lead.
Additional Hitec extension cords of varying lengths are
available from your hobby dealer.
Vibration and Waterproofing
The receiver contains precision electronic parts. Be sure to
avoid vibration, shock, and temperature extremes. For
protection, wrap the receiver in the provided "Flight Preserver"
foam rubber, or use some other vibration-absorbing materials.
It's also a good idea to waterproof the receiver by placing it in a
plastic bag and securing the open end of the bag with a rubber
band before wrapping it with foam. If you accidentally get
moisture inside the receiver, you may experience intermittent
operation or a crash.
Operating With A Trainer Cord
4. Turn on the instructor's transmitter. DO NOT turn on the
student transmitter power. Move the controls on the
instructor's transmitter, and verify each control moves the
proper direction. Now verify that the student's trims and
control travels match the instructor's by using the trainer
switch (the momentary Trainer switch on the top left of the
transmitter case) and switching back and forth while leaving
the control sticks and trims alone, then moving the control
sticks.
5. The instructor's transmitter has normal control over the
model unless the trainer switch is pulled, passing control to
the student's transmitter. If the student loses control, the
instructor can quickly "take over" by releasing the trainer
switch and controlling the model.
Charging the Optic Ni-Cd Batteries
1. Connect the transmitter charging cord to the transmitter's
charging socket (on the rear of the case, left side).
2. Connect the receiver battery to the receiver connector
on the charging cord.
3. Plug the charger into a wall socket.
4. The charger's LEDs should light, indicating charging current
is flowing. The batteries should be left on charge for about
15 hours. If either light does not turn on, verify that both
power switches are OFF. Also be sure the wall switch
controlling the room lights does not shut off the charger's
electrical outlet when you leave the room.
- Try to charge the batteries with the charger supplied with your
system exclusively. The use of a fast-charger may damage
the batteries by overheating and dramatically reduce their
lifetime.
NOTE: If you need to remove or replace the transmitter battery, do not
pull on its wires to remove it. Instead, gently pull on the connector's
plastic housing where it plugs in to the transmitter. The battery must
be removed to charge it properly with a "peak" charger.
Adjustable length control sticks
Stick lever tension adjustment
You may change the length of the control sticks to make your
transmitter more comfortable to hold and operate. To lengthen
or shorten your transmitter's sticks, first unlock the stick tip by
holding locking piece B and turning stick tip A counterclockwise.
Next, move the locking piece B up or down (to lengthen or
shorten). When the length feels comfortable, lock the position
by turning locking piece B counterclockwise.
You may adjust the stick tension of your sticks to provide the
"feel" that you like for flying. To adjust your springs, you'll have
to remove the rear case of the transmitter. Using a screwdriver,
remove the six screws that hold the transmitter's rear cover into
position, and put them in a safe place. Unscrew the antenna
and set it aside. Now, place some padding under the front of
the transmitter and set it face-down on the pad. Gently ease
off the transmitter's rear cover. Now you'll see the view shown.
Using a small cross-point screwdriver, rotate the adjusting
screw for each stick for the desired spring tension. The
tension increases when the adjusting screw is turned clockwise,
and decreases for counterclockwise motion. When you are
satisfied with the spring tensions, you may close the transmitter.
Very carefully reinstall the rear cover. When the cover is
properly in place, tighten the six screws.
B
Changing the Optic transmitter's mode
An optional training cord is available from your dealer. The
cord may be used to help a beginning pilot learn to fly easily by
allowing a second transmitter, operated by an experienced
instructor, to be connected to this system. The instructor may
override the beginning pilot at any time to bring the model back
under safe control. For training, the transmitter may be
connected to another Hitec FM system using the Hitec cord
part # 58310.
To use the trainer cord:
1. Set up both the student's and instructor's transmitters to
have identical trim and control motions. If the instructor's
transmitter is on a different frequency than the student's,
use the student's as the master transmitter and the other as
the student's.
2. Collapse the student's antenna, and fully extend the
instructor's antenna. If the student's transmitter has a
removable RF module, remove it from the transmitter.
3. The Hitec cord is specifically marked at one end as the
"master" the other end as "student". Plug it accordingly into
each transmitter, with power switched off. The trainer jack is
on the back of the transmitter. Turn the connector until its
notches line up and it fits without having to be forced.
Radio Installation Notes, Charging the Optic Ni-Cd Batteries, Operating With A Trainer Cord - Page 6
Trainer Jack
Other Adjustments
A
Operating With A Trainer Cord
Charge Jack
If you wish to change the mode of the transmitter, say from
Mode 2 to Mode 1, switch the transmitter on while holding the
two EDIT keys down. Then, scroll through the menus using
one of the edit keys until you reach the STICK menu. Press
one of the cursor keys to switch between Mode 1 and Mode 2.
TENSION SPRING
TO CLOCKWISE
SPRING LIMIT
BRACKET
Operating With A Trainer Cord, Other Adjustments - Page 7
RATCHET COPPER
SPRING LIMIT
BRACKET
RATCHET COPPER
TENSION SPRING
TO CLOCKWISE
Factory Repair Service Information
Please read the warranty card supplied with your system and
return it. Before you decide to have your system repaired, if
there is no apparent physical damage, read this instruction
manual again and check to be sure that you are operating the
system as it was designed to be operated. If you are still
having trouble, pack up your system in its original shipping
materials and send it to the nearest authorized Hitec R/C
Service Center.
Be sure to include a note in your package that describes the
trouble in as much detail as possible, including:
Transmitter Input Buttons
- Symptoms of the problem in as much detail as you can
provide, including any unusual mounting conditions or
equipment orientation
- A list of items you are sending, and what you want to be
repaired.
- Your name, address, and telephone number.
Hitec-RCD, Inc.
12115 Paine St.
Poway, CA 92064
Telephone: 1-858-748-6948
FAX 1-858-748-1767
Web site: http://www.hitecrcd.com
The buttons are used for different things as follows:
1. The Edit buttons allow you to move up and down within the
model menus, and move within the regular display.
2. The Cursor Left/Right buttons allow you to select options
within a particular function, and control the timer function.
1
3. The Data +Increase & -Decrease buttons allow you to
increase or decrease the numerical settings for a function
2
4. The Clear Active/Inhibit button resets numbers, and turns
functions on and off.
5. The Lock button holds the throttle channel fixed while other
channels still respond to the transmitter.
You'll learn how to use these buttons in the setup sections that follow.
Optic Controls and Switch Assignments
SW 2
Gear or
Auxiliary Switch
SW 3
Aileron Dual
Rate Switch
Left Lever
Right Lever
Aileron &
Elevator Stick
Rudder Throttle Stick
Elevator
Trim Switch
Throttle
Trim Switch
3
2
5
4
The table below shows the hookups that should be used for each of the model types. Note that some functions shown will not
operate until they are activated in the transmitter.
Engine Cut
Switch
SW 1
Elevator-Rudder
Dual Rate Switch
3
Receiver - Servo Connection List
SW 4
Flight Mode
Switch
Trainer Switch
1
Receiver
channel
1
2
Aircraft Glider
(ACGL)
Aileron
or Right flaperon (FLPN on)
Helicopter
(HELI)
Aileron (or Roll Cyclic)
or Swash servo 1 (120')
or Right elevon (ELVN on)
or Right aileron (ADIF on)
Elevator
Elevator (or Pitch Cyclic)
or Swash servo 2 (120')
or V-tail right side (VTAL on)
or Left Elevon (ELVN on)
3
4
5
or Right elevator (AILV on)
Throttle (controlled by throttle stick or Switch 01)
Rudder or
V-tail left side (VTAL on)
Landing gear (controlled by Gear/Aux switch)
Throttle
Rudder
(Or Yaw control through the gyro)
Gyro sensitivity
(values set in GYRO menu)
or Left aileron (ADIF on)
or Left elevator (AILV on)
6
Flap (travel controlled by VR-L and neutral set by VR-R)
or Left flaperon (FLPN on)
Pitch (or Collective)
or Swash servo 3 (120')
The servo response varies with the selected function. Standard options are shown first.
Transmitter Displays and Messages
Rudder
Trim Switch
Aileron
Trim Switch
Power Switch
This figure shows the assignments for a Mode 2 system as supplied by the factory in North America.
Note that some of the functions will not operate until activated in the mixing menus.
Factory Repair Service Information, Optic Controls and Switch Assignments - Page 8
When you first turn on your transmitter, the first screen shown
below appears on the LCD display. Before flying, or even
starting the engine, BE SURE that the model number
appearing in the upper right of the display matches the
model that you are about to fly! If you don't, reversed
servos and incorrect trims will lead to an immediate crash.
You can scroll up and down through the startup screen by
pressing one of the two Edit keys (the two keys on the far left).
If you press timer or engine cut or lock keys, you go directly to
those functions regardless of the display.
Edit keys
- DATA key
Voltage/Timer Display
Normal Display Mode
+ DATA key
Timer Display
Trim Menu [TRIM]
Lock key
Model Name Display
Throttle Lock
Edit keys
Transmitter Input Buttons, Receiver - Servo Connection List, Receiver - Servo Connection List - Page 9
Transmitter Displays and Messages
This screen appears at startup. The model memory number is
shown by the small down-arrow. Battery voltage is shown in
the bottom left, and operating time is on the lower right.
You can reset the operating time display by hitting the Clear
button (the one on the farthest right). Do this after each charge
to keep track of your operating time on a single charge.
Pressing the Lock button locks the throttle servo and holds it
where you last commanded it. This is a safety feature to be
used when you are carrying the model and transmitter to
ensure you don't accidentally give throttle. The LOCK indicator
shows when the Lock switch has been engaged.
LOCK indicator
Model Setup Functions
This section describes the model setup functions that are used to choose all of the operating features of a particular model
memory. These functions are used to select the model memory, the model type (from airplane/glider, and helicopters), set the
stopwatch, and other useful functions. These functions are used to set up a new model or a new model memory, to switch
between memories, and to change transmit shift..
Map of Basic Menu Functions
M.SEL
****
Pressing the Up button gives the Trim display (different
numbers may appear depending on the model type). To see
where the trim for a certain channel is, you have to move it!
Be sure to move it back to where it was. Note that the CH3 trim
only moves downward, so if you need more engine RPM, set
up idle with the trim at -25% so you can increase it if needed.
Warning Displays
The LOW BATTERY warning is displayed when the transmitter
battery voltage drops below 9.3 volts, and a beeper sounds.
The operating time is still shown on the right. If you reset this
each time you charge the system, you will have a good idea of
how long you can safely operate.
WHEN THE BEEPER SOUNDS, LAND YOUR MODEL AS
SOON AS POSSIBLE BEFORE LOSS OF CONTROL DUE
TO A DEAD TRANSMITTER BATTERY.
Flashing
Pressing the Up button again gives the Model Name display.
If you've named your model, it will appear here so you can be
sure you have recalled the correct memory. If you do not name
the model, you'll have to remember which model memory it's
stored within by the memory number.
Pressing the Right button gives the Timer display, with a
stopwatch display on the left, and operating time on the right.
This also starts the timer, so hit the Right key again to stop it.
Hitting the Cursor Left (Off) button resets the timer.
The IDLE ON warning is displayed when the transmitter is
powered up with the Idle switch on in the helicopter mode only.
You can turn this off by moving the Flt. Mode (SW-4) switch
FORWARD. For your safety, the transmitter will not broadcast
until this alarm is ended
The HOLD ON warning is displayed when the transmitter is
powered up with the Throttle hold switch (SW-1) on in the
helicopter mode only. You can turn this off by moving the
SW-1 switch AFT (ELEV RUDD D/R switch). If you then get
the IDLE ON alarm (see above), you must move the Flt. Mode
switch fully FORWARD. For your safety, the transmitter
will not broadcast until this alarm is ended.
ACGL
HELI
NOR
120°
COPY
SFT.N
SFT.P
PPM
QPCM
STCK1
STCK2
TIME
REST
Model select: choose one of eight model
memories
Model Name (four letters +
up to three numbers)
Acrobatic/Glider model mode
Helicopter model mode
Normal swashplate (HELI only)
120° Swashplate (HELI only)
Data Copy
Negative Transmit Shift
Positive Transmit Shift
PPM or QPCM Modulation
PCM Modulation
Transmitter mode 1
Transmitter mode 2
Timer setup
Reset Memory
M.SEL - Model Select
Your Optic system can store up to eight independent sets of
model data in its memory. The Model Select (MODL) function
allows you to choose from any of the eight sets of model data.
You can assign a four-character name and three numerals
from 0-199 to each model memory.
The model names are not visible when you wish to switch
memories. There are several ways to keep track of which
model is in each memory. You may attach a small piece of
white tape to the transmitter and write the model's name along
with the model setup number (and its channel number), or you
may use a notebook, or label the model with its memory
number prominently near its on-off switch inside the fuselage.
Choosing a model memory to load
1. Start with the transmitter switched off.
2. Turn on your transmitter while pressing both of the two Edit
keys (the two keys on the far left). This gets you into the
model select (M.SEL) menu
Flashing
Transmitter Displays and Messages - Page 10
(see right)
Power On While Pressing
both Edit keys
Model Select 1-8 [M. SEL]
11
Model Name [ABCD-99]
13
12
12
12
11
13
13
13
14
14
7
7
14
14
Model Type
[ACGL] or [HELI]
Swashplate type (HELI only)
[NOR] [120]
Copy Model [COPY]
Shift Dir. [SFT.N][SFT.P]
Modulation [PPM] or [QPCM]
MODE 1, MODE 2
Time Setup [TIME XX]
Reset Memory [REST]
3. Select the desired model number by pressing the Cursor
Right or Left button. At this time, the small arrow above the
selected model number will blink on and off.
4. Switch power off.
5. Switch power back on. The previously-selected model
number is indicated by the arrow above the model numbers
in the display.
COPY - Copy Model
The COPY function is used to copy the model data stored in
the current model memory into another model memory. This
function is handy to use to start a new model that's similar to
one you have already programmed, and is also handy for
copying the current model data into another model memory as
a backup.
Copying from one model memory to another
1. With the transmitter switched off, turn on your transmitter
while pressing both of the two Edit keys (the two keys on the
far left). The model select (M.SEL) menu will be displayed.
2. Press the Up arrow key. This gets you into the model copy
(COPY) menu. (If you're already in the setup menus, you
can just press the UP or Down arrow key to get here.)
Model Setup Functions - Page 11
Model Setup Functions
Destination
(Flashing)
3. The source model memory (the memory that will be
duplicated) is the current one, indicated by the fixed upper
arrow. To select your destination model number, press the
Left or Right Cursor keys. The selected destination memory
number is shown by the flashing triangle under it.
4. Press the +Increase and -Decrease Data keys at the same
time. The transmitter beeps twice rapidly, indicating the
copy has been completed.
5. Switch power off.
6. Switch power back on. If you wish to go to the newly-saved
memory, repeat step 1.
ACGL, HELI - Model Type Select
This function is used to select the type of model to be
programmed in the current model memory. You may select
from aircraft/glider (ACGL) and helicopters (HELI). If you
select a helicopter type, you will need to set the swash type.
These settings are covered below.
Selecting the Model Type
1. With the transmitter switched off, turn on your transmitter
while pressing both of the two Edit keys (the two keys on the
far left). The model select (M.SEL) menu will be displayed.
2. Press the Down arrow key. This gets you into the type
select menu. The current model type will be flashing on and
off. (If you're already in the setup menus, you can just press
the Up or Down arrow key to get here.)
Model Setup Functions
6. If you've selected the HELI menu, go to the Swash select
menu (see below) and choose the swash type for your model.
7. Press the Up or Down arrow keys to get to another setup
menu, or switch power off.
8. Switch power back on. You may now set up the details of
your model in the Edit mode.
Swashplate Type Selection
If you are using the helicopter (HELI) setting menu, you must
tell the Optic system what type of swashplate your model uses.
Helicopters may have one servo each for pitch, aileron, and
elevator (NOR) or they may use three servos in concert on the
swash to provide these functions (120'). If you are not sure
about your swash type, please consult your model's instructions.
Note that this menu will not be available unless you have
selected the HELI model type
Selecting the Swashplate Type
1. Select the HELI model type in the Model Type Select menus
(see above).
2. With the transmitter switched off, turn on your transmitter
while pressing both of the two Edit keys (the two keys on the
far left). The model select (M.SEL) menu will be displayed.
3. Press the Up or Down arrow keys:
If you're in HELI mode, SWASH will be highlighted and you
can select from two swashplate types: NOR and 120':
CH2
CH1
Flashing
NOR
(CH6=PITCH)
CH6
Flashing
Flashing
Flashing
3. If the model type you want is displayed, you're done. [If you
wish to change the swash type in the HELI model settings,
see the sections below.]
4. If you wish to change the model type from that displayed,
press on the Left or Right Cursor buttons until the model
type you want, either ACGL or HELI, appears.
5. To select your desired model type, press both the +Increase
and -Decrease Data keys simultaneously. Two beeps tell
you that the new model type is now registered. THIS WILL
ERASE ALL THE OLD SETTINGS IN THE MODEL
MEMORY, SO BE SURE YOU'RE IN THE CORRECT
MODEL MEMORY BEFORE YOU CHANGE MODEL TYPE!
CH1
CH2
120
4. If the swash type displayed is correct, go on to the next step.
If you wish to change the swashplate type from that displayed,
press on the Left or Right Cursor buttons until the swash type
you want appears. CAUTION: if you change types, you may
lose settings in the menus.
5. Press the Up or Down arrow keys to get to another setup
menu, or switch power off.
6. Switch power back on. You may now set up the details of
your model in the Edit mode.
Model Setup Functions - Page 12
Model Name
The Model Name function is used to create an alpha-numeric
name which is stored in the model memory along with the rest
of the model settings. You will find it useful to help keep track
of multiple models that are stored in your Optic system.
The model name can be four alphabetic characters, along with
up to three numbers, 0-199. The letters may be used to
abbreviate the model's name, and the numbers may be used
for the memory number, or you may wish to store that model's
channel number so you can remember it easier.
Inputting a Model Name
1. With the transmitter switched off, turn on your transmitter
while pressing both of the two Edit keys (the two keys on the
far left). The model select (M.SEL) menu will be displayed,
with "the model type" to represent letters to be chosen.
Flashing
(1ST Character Only)
2. Press the Up or Down arrow key until you get into the model
name menu. You'll see the display as shown at the top,
with the MODEL and NAME indicators in the upper left on.
The first character of the name will be flashing on and off.
(If you're already in the setup menus, you can just press the
Up or Down arrow key to get here.)
3. To change the first character, press the +Increase and
-Decrease Data keys until you see the character you desire.
You may select from the upper case letters A - Z, *, +, -, /,
and the numbers 0 - 9.
4. Press the Right Cursor key to move to the next character.
5. Press the +Increase and -Decrease Data keys until you see
the character you desire.
6. Repeat the previous two steps to input the third and fourth
characters of the display.
7. Press the Right Cursor key to move to the number displays
on the right.
8. Press the +Increase and -Decrease Data keys until you get
to a number that you like. This can be any number from 0 to
199. If you have lots of models with different frequencies,
you may wish to input your channel number here.
10. Switch power back on. You may now set up the details of
your model in the Edit mode.
Transmit Shift - SFT.N, SFT.P
The Transmit Shift function is used to change the shift
direction of the Optic system. Hitec receivers use a negative
shift direction for their transmissions. However, some other
brands of RC gear use positive shifting. With this menu, you
can change the way your transmitter broadcasts, so that it can
address all types of PPM receivers. (PPM receivers are also
referred to as "FM" receivers.) As shown later, the Optic FM is
TM
also compatible with Hitec QPCM receivers. Hitec/RCD and
TM
TM
Futaba receivers use negative shift (N), where Multiplex ,
TM
TM
JR and Airtronics use positive shift (P)
If you choose the wrong shift direction for your receiver, the
servos may move erratically and will not respond to the
transmitter, even if it is on the correct frequency. Turn off
your receiver at once and change the shift direction to preclude
damage to your servos.
If you use a mixture of receiver brands, sure that each model is
correctly set for the model of receiver you are using in the
corresponding model memory.
Changing the Frequency Shift
1. With the transmitter switched off, turn on your transmitter
while pressing both of the two Edit keys (the two keys on the
far left). The model select (M.SEL) menu will be displayed.
2. Press the Up or Down Edit key until you get into the shift
menu. You'll see either the word SFT.N or SFT.P, with the
last character, N or P, flashing on and off. (If you're already
in the setup menus, you can just press the Up or Down
arrow key to get here.)
Flashing
Flashing
TM
3. N represents negative shift and will work with Hitec and
TM
Futaba . P represents positive shift and will work with
TM
TM
TM
Multiplex , JR and Airtronics brands.
4. To change the shift direction from what is shown, press
either the Left or Right Cursor key one time. This will
change the display from P to N or N to P.
5. Press the Up or Down arrow keys to get to another setup
menu, or switch power off.
9. Press the Up or Down arrow keys to get to another setup
menu, or switch power off.
Model Setup Functions - Page 13
Model Setup Functions
Modulation - PPM, QPCM
The Modulation function is used to choose what type of receiver
you will be using with your Optic system. Hitec has two types of
receivers, PPM and QPCM. PPM receivers are also referred to
as "FM" receivers. QPCM receivers offer you the option of
failsafe which will hold the last set of positions received before
the interference, or allow you to choose what positions the
servos will move to if the signal is lost or interfered.
Failsafe will only work with Hitec QPCM receivers.
You can have a mixture of QPCM and PPM receivers, and the
Optic transmitter will remember which type of modulation you
are using for each separate model memory.
Changing the Modulation
1. With the transmitter switched off, turn on your transmitter
while pressing both of the two Edit keys (the two keys on the
far left). The model select (M.SEL) menu will be displayed.
2. Press the Up or Down Edit key until you get into the
Modulation menu. You'll see either the flashing word PPM
or QPCM. (If you're already in the setup menus, you can just
press the Up or Down arrow key to get here.)
Flashing
Flashing
3. PPM is also known as "FM" and will work with Hitec and
other receivers that are not PCM. QPCM represents pulsecode modulation and will only work Hitec QPCM receivers.
4. To input your choice, press either the Left or Right Cursor
key one time. This will change the display from PPM to
QPCM or vice versa.
5. Press the Up or Down arrow keys to get to another setup
menu, or switch power off. This setting will be remembered
in the current model memory only.
TIME -Timer Function Setup
Your Optic system contains TWO special timer functions,
helpful for keeping track of flight duration, engine run time, or
other things that need to be monitored during flight. You can
set up the timers to count down from anywhere from 0 to 60
minutes. (In addition, the Optic has an "elapsed time" counter
that continuously records how long the transmitter has been
operating.)
If you select a time from 1 to 60 minutes, the timer will count
down the number of minutes selected when you first press the
Right Cursor button. You may stop it at any time by pressing
the Right Cursor button a second time. Beginning the last 10
seconds of the selected time, the system will beep every
second to tell you the time has elapsed.
If you wish to reset the timer, just press the Left Cursor button.
You may then press the Right Cursor button to reset it and
count down again, whenever you like.
The above instructions apply to both of the Optic's timers.
Model Setup Functions
4. Press the Up or Down arrow keys to get to another setup
menu, or switch power off.
5. Switch power back on. You may now set up the details of
your model in the Edit mode.
and off. (If you're already in the setup menus, you can just
press the Up or Down arrow key to get here.)
Flashing
Setting up the Optic's Two Timers
1. With the transmitter switched off, turn on your transmitter
while pressing both of the two Edit keys (the two keys on the
far left). The model select (M.SEL) menu will be displayed.
2. Press the Up or Down EDIT arrow key until you get into the
Timer (TIME) menu (if you're already in the setup menus,
you can just press the Up or Down arrow key to get here).
You'll see a display with the word "TIME." The numbers 1
and 2 are shown; the small triangle indicates whether you
are setting Timer 1 or Timer 2.
3. IF YOU ARE SURE YOU WANT TO RESET and clear out
the current model memory, press both the +Increase and
-Decrease Data keys at the same time. The transmitter will
beep twice to indicate a successful reset
CAUTION: WHEN YOU COMMAND RESET, YOU'LL ERASE THE
MEMORY YOU'RE IN AND LOSE ANY PROGRAMMING YOU HAVE
ENTERED. DON'T DO THIS UNLESS YOU ARE POSITIVE YOU WANT
TO FLUSH OUT THAT MEMORY AND START FROM SCRATCH WITH
THE FACTORY-DEFAULT SETTINGS.
AIRCRAFT & GLIDER (ACGL) MENU FUNCTIONS
This section describes the functions for fixed-wing aircraft, provides a setup example,
and then describes the functions individually. Helicopter functions are in the following section
ACGL Functions Map
3. To change the number of minutes shown, press the +
Increase and -Decrease Data keys until you see the amount
you desire. You may select from 1 to 60 minutes.
4. Press the Left or Right CURSOR key to get to the other
timer setup menu. Repeat instruction 3 for the second timer
if desired.
5. Press the Up or Down arrow keys to get to another setup
menu, or switch power off.
6. Switch power back on. You can view, start, and stop either
of the two timers by pressing either DATA key. Press the
Right Cursor button to start the timer, press the Right
Cursor button a second time to stop it, and press the Left
Cursor button to reset the timer.
REST - Data Reset
The Reset function is used to clear out an existing set of model
data within a single model memory, the one currently selected.
This function resets all data to initial values, and may be used
to get a "fresh start" so that you may be begin with a clear
memory before you input new model settings into a memory
that had been used for another model. A safety feature allows
you to verify "that you wish to reset" before all data is lost.
Resetting the memory
1. With the transmitter switched off, turn on your transmitter
while pressing both of the two Edit keys (the two keys on the
far left). The model select (M.SEL) menu will be displayed.
2. Press the Up or Down arrow key until you get into the Reset
(REST) menu. This display has the word "REST" flashing on
Model Setup Functions - Page 14
(see right)
Simple Aerobatic Airplane Transmitter Setup
15
EPA
D/R
EXP
STRM
REV
T.CUT
STCK
FLPT
FLPN
ADIF
CAMB
LAND
ELVN
VTAL
A->R
E->F
CROW
PMX1-2
S/W SEL
27
27
28
28
29
29
29
30
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
36
37
38
AILV
FAIL
Aircraft
End Point Adjust (servo travels)
Dual Rates
Exponential Settings
Subtrim (Neutral settings)
Servo Reverse
Throttle Cut (engine shut off)
Throttle Control Location
Flap Travel
Flaperon (combined flaps & ailerons)
Aileron Differential
Camber (combined flaps & ailerons)
Landing function (select aileron/flap presets)
Elevon mixing (tailless models)
V-tail mixing
Rudder Coupling
Elevator Flap mixing
Crow (Proportional Airbrake Function)
Programmable Mixer #1 - #2
Switch select for A-R, E-F, CAMB, CROW,
LAND, PMX1, PMX2
Ailevator function (Dual elevators)
QPCM Position Input Menu
Trimming Chart
Useful Switch & Lever Information
Gear Switch ( SW-2) controls receiver CH5
Gear Switch Down turns on CROW
Left Lever controls CROW (airbrake motions)
Right Lever controls CAMBer motion
FLT MODE (SW-3) switch Aft = LAND On, Forward CAMB On
39
39
40
41-43
Voltage/Timer Display
Normal Display Mode
Press both Edit/Display key
End Point Adjust [EPA]
Dual Rate Set [D/R]
Exponential [EXP]
Sub-Trims [S.TRM]
Servo Reversing [REV]
Throttle Cut [T.CUT]
Throttle Ioc. [STCK]
Flap Travel [FLPT]
Flaperon Mix [FLPN]
Ail Differential [ADIF]
Camber [CAMB]
Landing Mix [LAND]
Elevon Mix [ELVN]
V-Tail [VTAL]
Ail
Rud Mix [A-R]
Elev
Flap Mix [E-F]
Crow Mix [CROW]
Prog. Mix 1 [PMX1]
Prog. Mix 2 [PMX2]
Switch select S/W SEL
for [A-R] [E-F] [CAMB] [CROW]
[PMX1] [PMX2][LAND]
Ailevator [AILV]
Failsafe [FAIL]
(QPCM only)
Simple Transmitter Setup - Aerobatic Airplane (ACGL Menu) - Page 15
Simple Transmitter Setup - Aerobatic Airplane (ACGL Menu)
The following pages will take you step-by-step through the setup process for a sport or aerobatic airplane in the ACGL menu.
Going through this complete section will help you learn how to use your system quickly and easily.
If you need to set up a helicopter, please refer to the quick setup instructions in the helicopter section.
Simple Transmitter Setup - Aerobatic Airplane (ACGL Menu)
12. Press both Edit keys to get to the regular programming
menu. The end-point adjust menu (EPA) should appear.
Press the Down arrow to get to the flaperon menu (FLPN).
The display should show that it is inhibited (INH).
R for Reversed is chosen when the little triangle is below the
channel number. Move the right-hand stick again and verify
the right aileron moves the right directions. The display
shows Channel 1 reversed.
AIRCRAFT SETUP INSTRUCTIONS (AEROBATIC PLANE)
The aircraft setup procedure presented below uses an
aerobatic model as an example and assumes that there are
two aileron servos, one in each wing. You can use a similar
procedure to set up your own model; your setting's numbers
and percentages will probably be different. If your model only
has one aileron servo, skip the instructions referring to flaperon.
1. Be sure that all of your servos are plugged into the proper
receiver channels:
CH1 - Right aileron
CH2 - Elevator
CH3 - Throttle
CH4 - Rudder
CH5 - Gear
CH6 - Left aileron
2. We recommend that you do this programming exercise with
the servos installed in the model and connected to the
respective control surfaces. This will enable you to
immediately see the effect of each programming step.
3. Turn on your transmitter while holding down the two Edit
keys (the two keys on the far left). This gets you into the
model select (M.SEL) menu. Press the Cursor Right button
to move to a new model memory. The selected model
memory is indicated by the little flashing arrow pointing down.
Memory #2 is shown here.
4. Press the Up arrow until the word ACGL appears, flashing
on and off. If it does, you're ready to proceed on to the next
step. If not, press the Left or Right Cursor keys until it
appears. You must press both Data keys to "Save" the
setting, after which the radio will beep twice. This is how
you select the type of model you wish to use, either ACGL
or HELI.
Flashing
5. Press the Down arrow once. This gets you into the model
name mode (note the words "MODEL" and "NAME" in the
upper left of the display).
Flashing
6. Now you can select four letters to identify your model. With
the first of the four letters flashing, press the Data +Increase
or -Decrease key to change the letter that is displayed.
Stop when the first letter is the one you want.
7. Press the Right Cursor key once to get to the second letter.
Repeat the previous step to choose the second letter.
8. Repeat two more times to fill out the remaining two letters.
If you like, you can hit the right cursor button one more time
and select a number between 0 and 199 for further
identification. It can be handy to use this to store the plane's
channel number.
9. Press the Down arrow four times. This gets you into the
Timer menu (TIME). If you want, you can use the Data
+Increase or -Decrease keys to select the amount of time
you want the stopwatch to count down. You can set the
second timer for something else in the same menu.
10. This completes the initial part of the setup. Now, we'll go
ahead and customize the ACGL settings for your model.
Switch transmitter power OFF.
11. Now turn power ON. The transmitter should display the
model number and battery voltage as shown. The number
on the right is the elapsed time, which will vary depending
on how long the transmitter has been left on.
Flashing "1"
13. Turn on the Flaperon function by pressing the Active/
Inhibit button (Clear) until "On" appears in the display.
DOWN
14. Be sure that you connect the right aileron servo to receiver
CH1 and the left aileron servo to receiver CH6.
15. Later, you can get differential by adjusting the up and down
motion of the two servos in the FLPN menu. Now we'll set
the servo throw directions.
Now check that each servo moves the proper direction.
We'll use the Reversing function if they don't. Go to the
Reversing menu (REV) by hitting the Down arrow.
Flashing "1"
16. We'll start by setting the right aileron servo direction. This
is channel 1, and the 1 should be flashing for this command.
When you move the right-hand stick to the right, the aileron
on the right wing should move upwards, and the aileron on
the left should move downward. Check that the right aileron
moves the correct way!
RIGHT
LEFT
RIGHT
LEFT
Front View
WARNING: selecting a different model type will erase the settings in the
model memory. BE SURE you're in the correct model memory before
selecting a new model type, or you might accidentally erase a model
you're using. (The other memories will not be affected.)
Simple Transmitter Setup - Aerobatic Airplane (ACGL Menu) - Page 16
18. Next we'll set the direction of the elevator servo, channel 2.
When you move the right-hand stick towards the BOTTOM
of the transmitter, the elevator should move up. Check to
make sure it moves the proper direction! (More planes are
crashed due to reversed controls than for any other reason.)
17. If it does not, activate the opposite direction for the CH1
aileron servo by pressing the Active/Inhibit (Clear) key.
Each press switches from Reversed to Normal and from
Normal to Reversed. In the display, N for Normal is chosen
when the little triangle is above the channel number, and
DOWN
UP
UP
19. If the elevator control moves the wrong direction, move
over to Channel 2 by pressing the Cursor Right key. Now
the '2' should be flashing in the display. Activate the
opposite direction for the elevator servo by pressing the
Active/Inhibit (Clear) key. Move the right-hand stick upand-down again and verify the elevator moves the right
direction.
20. Now we'll set the direction of the throttle servo. When you
move the left-hand stick towards the BOTTOM of the
transmitter, the throttle should close, meaning that the hole
in the carburetor should close. Check to make sure that the
throttle lever on the engine moves the proper direction!
HIGH
LOW
HIGH Throttle :
carburetor fully opened
LOW Throttle :
carburetor at idle position
(not fully closed)
21. If the throttle servo moves the wrong direction, move over
to Channel 3 by pressing the Cursor Right key. Now the 3
should be flashing in the display. Activate the opposite
direction for the throttle servo by pressing the Active/Inhibit
(Clear) key. Verify the throttle stick makes the servo move
the carburetor opening in the correct direction.
22. Now we'll set the direction of the rudder servo. When you
move the left-hand stick towards the CENTER of the
transmitter (to the right), the trailing edge or rear rudder
should move to the right. Check to make sure!
Simple Transmitter Setup - Aerobatic Airplane (ACGL Menu) - Page 17
Simple Transmitter Setup - Aerobatic Airplane (ACGL Menu)
RIGHT
Servo
LEFT
RIGHT
LEFT
Pushrod
90
Front View
If the rudder moves the wrong direction, move over to Channel
4 by pressing the Cursor Right key. Now the '4' should be
flashing in the display. Activate the opposite direction for the
rudder servo by pressing the Active/Inhibit (Clear) key. Move
the left-hand stick left-and-right again and verify the rudder
moves the right direction.
If your model has retracts, set the correct response direction
when commanded by the Gear (SW-2) switch, using the same
procedure.
If you're using a second aileron servo, you'll now set the left
aileron servo direction (otherwise skip this and the next step).
This is channel 6, and the '6' should be flashing for this
command. When you move the right-hand stick to the right, the
aileron on the left wing should move downwards. Check that
the left aileron moves the correct way! If it does not, activate
the opposite direction for the left aileron servo using the above
procedures. Move the right-hand stick again and verify the left
aileron moves the proper directions.
Press the Up or Down arrow keys to the Flap Travel function
(FLPT), and input a percentage of zero (0) using the Data Decrease key. This temporarily disables the flap lever (Right
Lever) so that you can set aileron neutrals without regard to
the flap lever position. Later we'll turn it back on.
23. Before we set the servo neutrals, we need to be sure that
all the trims are centered. Press both Edit keys to get to the
main menu, where voltage and time are displayed. Press
the Up arrow until the word TRIM appears. By moving each
of the four trim levers around, you can see their positions,
and move them back to zero for the next step.
24. Once you have centered all the trims, unscrew the screws
holding the servo arms onto the elevator, aileron, and
rudder (we'll set the throttle travel later). You will want to
place the servo arms on the output shaft so they are near
neutral - that is, about 90° to the servo case sides or, if
the servo is mounted sideways, 90° to the pushrod
(sideways mounting is not recommended). This way you
won't run out of subtrim authority. Remove all the arms
that are in the way or interfere with your pushrods.
Adjust the clevises on each servo pushrod to get the position of
each control to be as close as you can to neutral (lined up with
the adjacent portion of wing or tail).
Setting Subtrims. Now we'll adjust all the subtrims to
electronically set the desired neutral locations. To do so, go
back to the programming menu by pressing both Edit keys,
then press the Up or Down arrow key repeatedly until STRM
appears.
%
Flashing
25. Set the right aileron subtrim first. If the little arrow is not
pointing at channel 1, press the one of the Cursor Left or
Right buttons until it is (see figure). Then, adjust the
subtrim amount by adding or subtracting with the Data
+Increase or -Decrease keys. When you reach a place
where the right aileron matches up with the fixed portion of
the wing, you are done. If you can't get both to match up,
then set the subtrim back to zero and mechanically adjust
the clevis to get as close as you can, then readjust the
subtrim if necessary.
26. Note 1: you should NOT use subtrims instead of
mechanically adjusting the pushrods to be close. This is
because you can reduce the travel of the radio, especially
if you have to set the subtrim at or above 50%. As we
stated before, get the pushrods close mechanically first,
then use the subtrim adjustment to get it just right.
27. Note 2: if you mess up the number you've entered or find
the percentage the wrong direction, you can get back to
zero quickly by pressing the Active/Inhibit (Clear) button.
28. Repeat the subtrim adjustment with the elevator servo (CH2).
First set the pushrod length mechanically to get as close to
neutral as possible, then set the subtrim to get the elevator
lined up to be parallel with the stabilizer portion. For
full-flying surfaces, use an incidence meter or another
method to get the incidence angle recommended by the kit
manufacturer or model designer.
Simple Transmitter Setup - Aerobatic Airplane (ACGL Menu) - Page 18
%
Flashing
Simple Transmitter Setup - Aerobatic Airplane (ACGL Menu)
29. For the throttle, we recommend not setting a subtrim at this
time. You will use the trim tab on the transmitter for setting
your idle RPM. To shut off the motor you will use the
Engine Cut function. In this way, you don't lose your
carefully-set idle position.
30. Most people set up their engines to idle with the throttle
trim near center, so that there is room for changes due to
humidity and other factors.
31. The Optic provides a special throttle trim function which
allows the throttle trim lever to work at low throttle levels,
but disables it at high throttle.
32. Repeat the subtrim adjustment with the rudder (CH4),
gear (CH5), and 2nd aileron channel (CH6). As before,
first set them mechanically, then adjust the electronic
settings. Be sure you have selected the appropriate
channel number each time.
33. Servo EPA (End Point Adjustment). Now we'll go through
and set the servo travels for each channel. This is both
helpful and important, because you can set the throw of
each servo, in each direction, so that there is no binding.
Eliminating binding is important because it causes very
high current drain, and can lead to a battery dying
prematurely. Another use for the EPA function is to adjust
the model's total throws to match the recommended control
motions specified on the plans or instructions by the
model's designer.
34. To set travels, get to the EPA menu by pressing one of the
Up Down Edit buttons repeatedly until EPA appears. In
sequence, we'll set right aileron right travel, right aileron left
travel, up and down elevator travels, right and left rudder
travels, open and closed throttle positions, and left aileron
travels.
Changes from L/U to
R/D with AIL stick motion
Flashing
35. When you reach the EPA menu, you'll see the screen as
shown. The channel indicator is above numeral 1 for right
aileron, the percent symbol will be flashing, and you'll
notice that you can change the L/U indicator to R/D (or vice
versa) by moving the aileron (right) stick. You are about to
see that this is how you set the travel directions
independently for each stick motion.
36. To set the RIGHT aileron motion, move the aileron stick all
the way to the right and hold it. The letters "R/D" should
appear next to the flashing percent sign, meaning you are
setting either Right or Down travel (with ailerons it's right or
left only, but the display is set up to use the same indicators
for elevator and throttle, thus the dual meanings for the
letters). Now if your servo is stalled or binding, you'll hear
a buzzing sound. Hit the minus -Decrease Data key until
the buzzing stops. If the servo is not buzzing, leave the
setting at 100%. If you can, choose a location for the
pushrod on the servo arm so that the throw is adjusted in
the 90-100% range.
37. To set the right aileron's LEFT motion, move the aileron
stick all the way to the left and hold it. The letters "L/U"
should appear next to the flashing percent sign (as shown
in the figure above). Again listen and hit the -Decrease
Data key until the buzzing stops. If the servo is not buzzing,
leave the setting at 100%. (Remember, you're only setting
the right aileron travel. You set the other aileron's travel in
channel 6's EPA.)
38. To set the UP elevator motion, press on the Right Cursor
key until the indicator moves over channel 2. Now move
the right stick all the way to the transmitter bottom and hold
it. The letters "L/U" should appear next to the flashing
percent sign. Again listen for a buzzing sound to indicate
the servo is stalling, and hit the -Decrease Data key until
the buzzing stops. If the servo is not buzzing, leave the
setting at 100%.
Changes from L/U to
R/D with ELE stick motion
Flashing
39. Repeat the previous step for DOWN elevator by moving
the stick all the way to the top of the transmitter, full "down"
elevator. Check for binding and adjust the percentage as
before.
40. To set the throttle position at IDLE, first return to the regular
display and set the throttle trim to +25%. Then go back to
the EPA menu and press the Right Cursor key until the
arrow moves over channel number 3. Now move the
throttle stick all the way to the transmitter bottom and hold it.
The letters "L/U" should appear next to the flashing percent
sign. Listen for a buzzing sound to indicate servo stalling,
and hit the -Decrease Data key until the buzzing stops.
Change the setting to nearly - but not completely - close
the throttle (engine idle). Later you may increase or
decrease this number so you can't accidentally shut off the
engine using the trim tab.
Simple Transmitter Setup - Aerobatic Airplane (ACGL Menu) - Page 19
Simple Transmitter Setup - Aerobatic Airplane (ACGL Menu)
41. To set the FULL throttle position, move the throttle stick all
the way to the transmitter top and hold it. The letters "R/D"
should appear next to the flashing percent sign. [Notice
that the Optic transmitter thinks of throttle stick positions to
the reverse of the way it seems, in that with the throttle
stick fully forwards - "up" towards the transmitter top, is the
Down position.] Listen for a buzzing sound to indicate the
servo is stalling, and hit the -Decrease Data key until the
buzzing stops. If the servo is not buzzing, leave the setting
at 100% or change your linkage as necessary to fully open
the throttle.
42. To set the RIGHT rudder motion, press the Right Cursor
key until the indicator moves over channel 4. Now move
the left stick all the way to the right and hold it.
The letters "R/D" should appear next to the flashing
percent sign. Listen for a buzzing sound to indicate the
rudder servo is stalling, and hit the Data -Decrease key
until the buzzing stops. If the servo is not buzzing, leave
the setting at 100%. You may wish to increase or decrease
this number depending on how strongly the model reacts
when the rudder is deflected. Now move the stick to the
left side, and repeat the setting procedure for left rudder.
43. In the same manner as described above, be sure to set
EPA values for channels 5 (landing gear) and 6 (second
aileron), if you have either.
44. If you wish to have the flaps operate with the CH6 lever,
go back to the FLPT menu and input a number greater
than zero. Adjust the number to get the desired amount of
flap travel as you turn the lever.
45. If you wish to have differential aileron travel, this can be
done in the flaperon menu. First, we'll reduce the down
travel on the right aileron. Press the Right Cursor key
until the little triangles are both above and below the
numeral 1. Hold the aileron stick to the left and press the
-Decrease Data key until the number is smaller. 50-75% is
a good starting point. Watch to be sure you're setting the
down travel on the right aileron.
46. Next, we'll reduce the down travel on the left aileron.
Press the Right Cursor key until the little triangle moves
below the numeral 6 (the second aileron; the upper triangle
should stay over the number 1). This time, hold the aileron
stick to the right and press the -Decrease Data key until
the number is the same as you chose for the other side.
Simple Transmitter Setup - Aerobatic Airplane (ACGL Menu)
47. You can use the dual rate function or the exponential
function to reduce the aileron and elevator travel in flight by
flipping switches. Dual rates are typically used to reduce a
model's sensitivity and cut down total travel. Exponential
functions make the response slower around center and
larger away from center.
You can use both but they are activated by the same switch.
You may wish to use Dual rate on one side of the switch
and exponential on the other.
48. Aileron Dual Rate setting. Get to the D/R menu by
pressing one of the Up Down Edit buttons repeatedly until
D/R appears, as shown.
Lower arrow
indicates lower
switch setting
Flashing
49. The aileron dual rate setting automatically affects both
ailerons if the flaperon function is active. To set the aileron
dual rate, move the arrow by pressing the Right Cursor
key until the little arrow is under or over the numeral 1 (the
arrow depends on the position of the Ail D/R switch above
the right stick. Now move the aileron D/R switch up or
down, noticing the position of the arrow. You can set two
dual rates, one for each switch position. If you set them,
be sure to note which switch position turns them on.
50. By pressing the Data +Increase or -Decrease keys, you
can add or subtract from the numerical value displayed.
Note that you may pick a value anywhere from 0% to 125%
(125% is larger than the normal amount, so if you do this
be careful not to exceed servo travel limits and cause
stalling or excess current drain). If you quickly want to get
back to the default 100%, press the Clear key. We suggest
using an initial value of 75%.
51. NOTE: if you set any of the dual rates to 0%, you will have
ZERO CONTROL AUTHORITY and LOSE CONTROL OF
YOUR AIRCRAFT when the switch is in that position.
DON'T DO IT!
52. Elevator dual rate setting: press the Right Cursor key
one time to get the little arrows above or below the
numeral 2. Now set the elevator dual rates in the same
way you set the ailerons in the previous step.
Upper arrow
indicates upper
D/R switch setting
Simple Transmitter Setup - Aerobatic Airplane (ACGL Menu) - Page 20
Flashing
53. Rudder dual rate setting: press the Right Cursor key one
time to get the little arrows above or below the numeral 4.
Now set the rudder dual rates in the same way you set the
ailerons and elevator in the previous steps.
54. Landing setup. You can get an airbrake effect by flipping
a switch to raise or lower both flaperons and add elevator
to keep it trimmed. This high-drag configuration makes the
landing approach steeper to help make safe landings in
small fields. This is an on-off function, not proportional.
55. With landing mode on, it is possible to lose some aileron
effectiveness. Be sure to test the landing settings at altitude
before trying it on a landing approach. You should spend
some time fine-adjusting the elevator travel so that there is
minimal trim change when the landing (Flt. Mode (SW-4))
switch is operated.
56. Press one of the Up Down Edit buttons until the LAND
window appears, as shown. The landing mode is OFF
unless the Flt. Mode (SW-4) switch (upper left of transmitter)
is fully aft (away from you).
ON or OFF
depends on Flt.
Mode switch setting
Flashing
57. The arrow should be over the numeral 2. Now press the
Data +Increase key to change the percentage shown. You
may input the amount of offset for the elevator at this time.
This should be set from -7% to -10%. Don't use too much
or it could crash your model.
58. Press the Cursor Right key one more time, and you may
now input the CH6 setting. The rates may vary
considerably for different models, but for initial settings you
might try the flap rate around 50-55%. You may want flaps
to droop or rise, depending on the model type.
59. E->F Mixing: you may couple or mix elevator to flaps for
tighter corners in the elevator-to-flap mixer. Get to the
E->F menu, then activate it by pressing the Clear key.
Press the Right Cursor key to get the percent symbol to
flash. Now you may input the percentage of mixing with
the Data +Increase key. Start out with 10-20% and
increase it until the corners in your loops are square
enough. If the flaps don't drop when you pull up elevator,
reverse the sign in front of the mix percentage
(change the + to a - or vice versa).
60. Be sure to input a mixing percentage for each side of the
elevator stick motion.
ON or OFF
depends on Flt.
Mode switch setting
Flashing
61. Throttle Cut. The TCUT function allows you to kill the
engine by pressing on the ENG CUT pushbutton on the top
right of the transmitter, commanding the throttle servo to
move to a preset position. If you use the TCUT function,
you'll never need to adjust the trim on your engine after
you've got a good idle position! For safety, the TCUT
feature only operates if the throttle stick is below its 50%
position. After about 3-5 seconds, the throttle servo
responds to throttle stick.
To set up TCUT, get to the TCUT menu. Now you may input
the amount of throttle servo motion using the Data
+Increase key. Choose a small negative number, which
will command the throttle servo to close the carburetor
below its idle position. If the engine doesn't quit when you
press the cut button, increase the negative percentage. Be
careful not to choose a position which stalls the servo.
62. CAMBER. You can use the CAMB function to configure
your model to droop its ailerons and flaps to get higher lift
for takeoff and landing. The camber function may be turned
on and off with a switch, and you may also add elevator
offset to keep the model trimmed. Camber is an on-off
function, not proportional. To set up camber, please read
the setup instructions on page 33.
63. Ailevator. You may use the AILV for models that have two
elevator servos to automatically gang them together for
elevator function without using a programmable mixer. In
addition, you may program in a response to aileron
Commands, which allows you to use them for 3-D maneuvers
such as torque rolls. The AILV function cannot be switched
on and off during flight. For more information on AILV,
please read the setup instructions on page 39.
64. Aileron differential (ADIF) is a function that allows you to
Individually set the up and down motion of ailerons
controlled by two separate aileron servos. The two servos
must be plugged into channels 1 and 5, so this function is
he best way to control a two-servo model using a fivechannel receiver.
You cannot activate both ADIF and FLPN functions, you
must choose one or the other. We recommend using FLPN
for receivers with six channels and ADIF for receivers with
five channels. For instructions on how to use ADIF, please
refer to the setup instructions on page 31.
Simple Transmitter Setup - Aerobatic Airplane (ACGL Menu) - Page 21
Simple Transmitter Setup - Aerobatic Airplane (ACGL Menu)
65. Programmable mixers: now take advantage of your
system's advanced custom programming capabilities. You
may use one or both of the two programmable mixers
(PMX1, PMX2) to get rid of unwanted tendencies (for
example, rolling or tucking during knife-edge flight.
66. For tucking during knife-edge, you want to apply a little up
elevator when you are using full rudder to sustain knifeedge. Thus, we want the master channel to be rudder, and
the slave to be elevator.
67. To program this mixing, first get to the PMX1 window.
Press one of the Edit Up/Down keys until you see PMX1
displayed. Then press the Active/Inhibit (Clear) key to
activate it (a flashing ON or OFF will appear, depending on
the position of the selected ON-OFF switch, which turns
mixer #1 on and off).
68. Next, press the Cursor Right key once to select the master
channel (MAS flashes on and off), then press the Data
+Increase key until the little arrow moves over the numeral
4, indicating CH4 (rudder) is the master channel. Press the
Cursor Right key once (SLV flashes on and off), then press
the Data +Increase key until the little arrow is under the
numeral 2, indicating CH2 (elevator) is the slave channel.
69. Now, you'll define the mixing percentage. Notice that the
mixer starts with 100% on both sides, which is WAY too
much. Move the rudder stick to one side and press the
Clear button, zeroing the percentage. Move it to the other
ide and repeat. Now both sides are set to zero percent.
70. If your model tucks during knife-edge, you'll want to input
up elevator for rudder going both directions. Move the
rudder stick to the right and press the Data +Increase until
you can see which way the elevator moves; if incorrect,
press the Data -Decrease key until the plus sign changes
to a minus sign. Repeat this by moving the rudder stick to
the other side. You'll end up with a plus sign for one rudder
direction, and minus for the other direction. Start with only
5-10% mixing on both sides until you know how much you
need from actual test flying.
71. Be sure you understand how to set the switch to turn PMX1
on and off, since you won't want this mixing on during
normal flight, only during knife-edge. Later, after you fly the
model you may fine-tune the amount of elevator travel so
that the pitching tendency is eliminated.
You can use the other mixer to handle adding aileron
corrections during knife-edge. In this case, you'll have the
same percentage sign on both sides of the rudder.
This introduction just scratches the surface of the
capabilities of your Optic system. Please read the manual
so you'll know what other features you can take advantage
of. The sky's the limit - we know you'll enjoy using your
Optic system!
Simple Transmitter Setup - Electric Airplane, 5-Channel Receiver (ACGL Menu)
The aircraft setup procedure presented below uses an electric model as an example and assumes that there are two aileron
servos, one in each wing. It also assumes that you are using a micro five-channel receiver. It will take you step-by-step
through the setup process for an electric airplane in the ACGL menu, including the setup for airbrakes.
Simple Transmitter Setup - Electric Airplane, 5-Channel Receiver (ACGL Menu)
5. Press both Edit keys to get to the regular programming
menu. The end-point adjust menu (EPA) should appear.
Press the Down arrow to get to the aileron differential menu
(ADIF). The display should show that it is inhibited (INH).
RIGHT
LEFT
3. Follow steps 3-10 in the Aerobatic Airplane setup instructions to do
the initial setup for your electric model.
4. Now, you will customize the ACGL settings for your model.
Switch transmitter power OFF, then turn power ON.
the transmitter should display the model number and battery
voltage as shown. The number on the right is the elapsed
time, which will vary depending on how long the transmitter
has been left on.
Simple Transmitter Setup - Aerobatic Airplane (ACGL Menu) - Page 22
RIGHT
LEFT
Front View
6. Turn on the ADIF function by pressing the Clear button until
"On" appears in the display.
7. Be sure that you connect the right aileron servo to receiver
CH1 and the left aileron servo to receiver CH5.
8. You may wish to have the electric motor controlled by an
ON-OFF switch instead of the throttle stick (good for racers
and aircraft that only use full throttle). In this case, go to the
STCK INPUT SELECT menu by pressing the UP or DOWN
arrow key.
12. If it does not, activate the opposite direction for the CH1
aileron servo by pressing the Active/Inhibit (Clear) key.
Each press switches from Reversed to Normal and from
Normal to Reversed. In the display, N for Normal is chosen
when the little triangle is above the channel number, and R
for Reversed is chosen when the little triangle is below the
channel number. Move the right-hand stick again and
verify the right aileron moves the right directions. The
display shows Channel 1 reversed.
Flashing "1"
13. Next we'll set the direction of the elevator servo, channel 2.
When you move the right-hand stick towards the BOTTOM
of the transmitter, the elevator should move up. Check to
make sure it moves the proper direction!
INPUT SEL
9. You can select Switch SW-01 ("ELEV RUDD D/R" to
operate the electronic speed control by pressing the CLEAR
button.
DOWN
DOWN
UP
UP
INPUT SEL
FIVE-CHANNEL ELECTRIC AIRCRAFT SETUP INSTRUCTIONS
1. Be sure that all of your servos are plugged into the proper
receiver channels:
CH1 - Right aileron
CH2 - Elevator
CH3 - Electronic speed control
CH4 - Rudder (if used)
CH5 - Left aileron
2. We recommend that you do this programming exercise with
the servos installed in the model and connected to the
respective control surfaces. This will enable you to
immediately see the effect of each programming step.
You should remove the propeller for safety.
the left should move downward. Check that the right
aileron moves the correct way! (More planes are crashed
due to reversed controls than for any other reason.)
10. Now we will check that each servo moves the proper
direction. If not, we'll use the Reversing function. Go to
the Reversing menu (REV) by hitting the Down arrow.
Flashing "1"
14. If the elevator control moves the wrong direction, move over
to Channel 2 by pressing the Cursor Right key. Now the '2'
should be flashing in the display. Activate the opposite
direction for the elevator servo by pressing the Active/
Inhibit (Clear) key. Move the right-hand stick up-and-down
again and verify the elevator moves the right direction.
15. Now we'll set the direction of the electronic speed control.
If you're using the left-hand stick for throttle control, when
you move the stick towards the TOP of the transmitter, the
motor should spin. It should stop at low throttle stick.
HIGH
11. We'll start by setting the right aileron servo direction. This
is channel 1, and the 1 should be flashing for this command.
When you move the right-hand stick to the right, the aileron
on the right wing should move upwards, and the aileron on
LOW
HIGH Throttle
LOW Throttle
Simple Transmitter Setup - Electric Airplane, 5-Channel Receiver (ACGL Menu) - Page 23
Simple Transmitter Setup - Electric Airplane, 5-Channel Receiver (ACGL Menu)
16. If the throttle stick operates the speed control the wrong
direction, move over to Channel 3 by pressing the Cursor
Right key. Now the 3 should be flashing in the display.
Activate the opposite direction for the throttle servo by
pressing the Active/Inhibit (Clear) key. Verify the throttle
stick makes the motor turn on and off in the correct direction.
17. If you are using Switch SW-1 for throttle on-off, check that
the switch operates the motor in the direction you would like.
The UP position should be used for motor ON, and DOWN
for motor OFF. If it does not, reverse CH3 using the REV
menu as described above.
18. Now we'll set the direction of the rudder servo, if used.
When you move the left-hand stick towards the CENTER
of the transmitter (to the right), the trailing edge, or rear of
the rudder should move to the right. Check to make sure!
RIGHT
LEFT
RIGHT
LEFT
Front View
If the rudder moves the wrong direction, move over to
Channel 4 by pressing the Cursor Right key. Now the '4'
should be flashing in the display. Activate the opposite
direction for the rudder servo by pressing the Active/
Inhibit (Clear) key. Move the left-hand stick left-and-right
again and verify the rudder moves the correct direction.
19. Now set the CH5 aileron servo direction (otherwise skip
this and the next step). This is channel 5, and the '5'
should be flashing for this command. When you move the
right-hand stick to the right, the aileron on the left wing
should move downwards. Check that the CH5 aileron
moves the correct way! If it does not, activate the opposite
direction using the above procedures. Move the right-hand
stick again and verify the CH5 aileron moves the proper
directions.
20. Before we set the servo neutrals, we need to be sure that
all the trims are centered. Press both Edit keys to get to the
main menu, where voltage and time are displayed. Press
the Up arrow until the word TRIM appears. By moving each
of the four trim levers around, you can see their positions,
and move them back to zero for the next step.
21. Once you have centered all the trims, unscrew the screws
holding the servo arms onto the elevator, ailerons, and
rudder (we'll set the throttle travel later). You will want to
place the servo arms on the output shaft so they are near
neutral - that is, about 90° to the servo case sides or, if
the servo is mounted sideways, 90° to the pushrod
(sideways mounting is not recommended). This way you
won't run out of subtrim authority. Remove all the arms
that are in the way or interfere with your pushrods.
Servo
Pushrod
90
Adjust the clevises on each servo pushrod to get the
position of each control to be as close as you can to neutral
(lined up with the adjacent portion of wing or tail).
Setting Subtrims. Now we'll adjust all the subtrims to
electronically set the desired neutral locations. To do so,
go back to the programming menu by pressing both Edit
keys, then press the Up or Down arrow key repeatedly until
STRM appears.
22. Set the subtrims for CH1 and CH5 ailerons, elevator, and
rudder following the instructions given in steps 25 - 32 in
the aerobatic setup instructions. Remember your second
aileron servo is plugged into CH5.
23. Servo EPA (End Point Adjustment). Set up the servo
travels for each channel following the instructions given in
steps 33 - 43 in the aerobatic setup instructions.
24. Dual Rates and Exponential Functions. You can use the
exponential function to make the aileron and elevator
responses less sensitive around neutral, so that your racer
reacts smoothly for mild control inputs, but reacts strongly
when you command a lot of stick. You can adjust the
amount in flight by flipping switches. Exponential functions
make the response slower around center and larger away
from center. You may also use dual rate to adjust the total
travels, but keep them linear.
Set up dual rates following the procedures given in steps
48 - 53 of the aerobatic aircraft setup instructions.
NOTE: if you set any of the dual rates to 0%, you will have ZERO
CONTROL and LOSE CONTROL OF YOUR AIRCRAFT when the
switch is in that position. DON'T DO IT!
25. Airbrake setup using CAMB. You can get airbrakes by
flipping a switch to raise both flaperons and add elevator to
maintain trim. This configuration increases the drag, making
the landing approach steeper to help make safe landings in
small fields.
With CAMB on, it is possible to lose some aileron
effectiveness. Be sure to test the landing settings at altitude
before trying it on a landing approach. You should spend
some time fine-adjusting the elevator travel so that there is
no trim change when CAMB is on.
Simple Transmitter Setup - Electric Airplane, 5-Channel Receiver (ACGL Menu) - Page 24
Simple Transmitter Setup - Electric Airplane, 5-Channel Receiver (ACGL Menu)
26. Press one of the Up Down Edit buttons until the CAMB
window appears, as shown. Activate it using the CLEAR
button. The CAMB mode is OFF unless the FLT MODE
switch SW-4 is forward. (You can change this switch in the
SWITCH SELECT menu.)
27. Hit the Cursor Right key one time to get to the Ch1 preset
menu. Press the Data +Increase key to input a preset
value for the CH1 aileron. Start out with a moderate value
and increase it after you've seen how the model behaves.
Flashing
28. Press the Cursor Right key to move the arrow over the
numeral 2. Now press the Data +Increase key to change
the percentage the elevator moves to. This should be set a
very small number, as it will affect the trim considerably.
Don't use too much or it could crash your model.
29. Press the Cursor Right key one more time, and you may
now input the second aileron's CH6 setting. Set it to match
the CH1 servo's travel.
30. If you want this airbrake function to be a proportional control
using the left slide lever, use the CROW menu instead of
the CAMB menu. See the setup instruction for more
information on the CROW menu.
31. Elevator->Flaperon Mixing: you may want to set up your
model so that when you pull elevator, the two ailerons
droop for tighter corners. This may be done with
Programmable mixers. You will use both of the
programmable mixers (PMX1, PMX2) for this feature.
For a little down flap when you pull elevator, set the master
channel to be elevator, and the slave to be aileron 1 (CH1).
32. To program this mixing, first get to the PMX1 window.
Press one of the Edit Up/Down keys until you see PMX1
displayed. Then press the Active/Inhibit (Clear) key to
activate it (a flashing ON or OFF will appear, depending on
the position of the selected ON-OFF switch, which turns
mixer #1 on and off).
33. Next, press the Cursor Right key once to select the master
channel (MAS flashes on and off), then press the Data
+Increase key until the little arrow moves over the
numeral 2, indicating CH2 (elevator) is the master channel.
Press the Cursor Right key once (SLV flashes on and off),
then press the Data +Increase key until the little arrow is
under the numeral 1, indicating CH1 (aileron 1) is the slave
channel.
34. Now, you'll define the mixing percentage. Notice that the
mixer starts with 100% on both sides, which is WAY too
much. Move the elevator stick down and press the Clear
button, zeroing the percentage. Move it up and repeat.
Now both sides are set to zero percent.
35. You'll probably want to input down flap for up elevator only.
Move the elevator stick up and press the Data +Increase
until you can see which way the elevator moves; if incorrect,
press the Data -Decrease key until the plus sign changes to
minus sign. You'll end up with a number for up elevator
direction, and zero for the down direction. Start with only
5-10% mixing on the UP side until you know how much you
need from actual test flying. Too much droop increases
drag and slows the model down.
36. Be sure you understand how to set the switch to turn PMX1
on and off, since you only want this on during racing. Later,
after you fly the model you may fine-tune the amount of
aileron travel for tighter turns.
Use the other mixer to set up the droop of the second
aileron, CH5, in the same way. In this mixer, master = CH2,
slave = CH5. Set the mixing percentages so that both
ailerons droop the same amount, or else your model will
roll when you pull elevator!
This introduction just scratches the surface of the
capabilities of your Optic system for a five-channel electric
model. Please read the manual so you'll know what other
features you can take advantage of. We hope you enjoy
using your Optic system!
Simple Transmitter Setup - Electric Airplane, 5-Channel Receiver (ACGL Menu) - Page 25
Optic Aircraft Controls and Switch Assignments
Airplane Model Function Descriptions
EPA - End Point Adjust
SW2
Aux(ch-5:gear)
Crow ON/OFF
Trainer Switch
The EPA function is used to set (or limit) the travel of each
servo, and may be set anywhere from 0% and 125% for each
travel direction. Reducing the percentage settings reduces the
total servo throw in that direction. The EPA function is normally
used to prevent any servos from binding at the ends of their
travel. If you change the EPA setting to 0%, you will not
have any servo response in that direction, and will
probably crash.
SW4
Elevator to Flap Mix
Camber mix
(Landing mix)
49
D/R - Dual Rates
Engine Cut
Switch
SW1
Electric Motor On/Off
Elevator / Rudder D/R
SW3
Aileron Dual
Rate Switch
Aux
(ch-6:flap adj)
Crow Activate
FLIP TRIM
Aileron &
Elevator Stick
Rudder Throttle Stick
Elevator
Trim Switch
Throttle
Trim Switch
Setting EPA values on your system:
1. Enter the programming mode by pressing the two Edit Up
Down keys (the two keys on the far left) at the same time.
You should pop right into the EPA screen, but if you do not,
press either Edit Up Down key until you see EPA displayed.
The channel indicator is above numeral 1 for ailerons, the
percent symbol will be flashing, and you'll notice that you
can change the L/U indicator to R/D (or vice versa) by
moving the aileron (right) stick. In the next steps you will
see how you set the travel directions independently for each
stick (or lever or gear switch) motion.
Flashing
Rudder
Trim Switch
Aileron
Trim Switch
This figure shows the assignments for a Mode 2 system as supplied by the factory.
Note that some of the functions will not operate until activated in the mixing menus.
Optic Aircraft Controls and Switch Assignments - Page 26
4. To set EPA travel for other channels, press the Cursor Right
key to select the channel you wish to change. The little
triangle moves and indicates the active channel. Repeat
these steps with each channel in sequence, taking care to
set the travel for both directions. You may set each channel
separately, anywhere in between 0% and 125%, and if you
wish to rapidly return to the default 100% setting, press the
Active/Inhibit (Clear) key.
5. Return to the regular operating mode by pressing the two
Edit Up Down keys simultaneously.
2. To set the RIGHT aileron servo travel, move the aileron stick
all the way to the right and hold it. The letters "R/D" should
appear next to the flashing percent sign, meaning you are
setting either Right or Up travel (with ailerons it's right or left
only, but the display is set up to use the same indicators for
elevator and throttle, thus the dual meanings for the letters).
Now if your servo is stalled or binding, you'll hear a buzzing
sound. Hit the Data -Decrease key until the buzzing stops.
If the servo is not buzzing, leave the setting at 100%. Later,
depending on how rapidly the model rolls, you can use
aileron dual rates to reduce the sensitivity.
3. To set the LEFT aileron motion, move the aileron stick all the
way to the left and hold it. The letters "L/U" should appear
next to the flashing percent sign. Again listen and hit the
Data -Decrease key until the buzzing stops. If the servo is
not buzzing, leave the setting at 100%.
If this is your first computer radio, you may have never been
introduced to dual rates before. Dual rates are used because
most models respond more rapidly to control inputs while
they're flying at higher speeds, and it is possible to be really
gentle with the controls and yet still over-control. Dual rates are
used to adjust the transmitter so that a control actuated at high
speed will not cause a radical response, so they are very useful
for beginning pilots as well as experts.
Dual rates are selected by flipping the dual rate switches on the
transmitter. The Optic has two dual rate switches, one for
ailerons and one for elevator, and rudder. The aileron dual rate
switch is located over the right-hand stick; the elevator and
rudder dual rate switch is located over the left-hand stick. The
amount of travel reduction or increase may be set anywhere
between 0 and 125%.
Note: if you set the dual rate amount to zero,
you will get no response from that channel, which may cause a crash.
Inputting Dual Rate Values
1. Get to the D/R screen with the Edit Up Down keys.
2. The active channel number is indicated by the arrow above
or below the channel numbers. The arrow's position
depends on the position of that channel's dual rate switch.
In the figure, the aileron (CH1) dual rate setting at the D/R
switch's lower position is being programmed.
Airplane Model Function Descriptions - Page 27
Flashing
Airplane Model Function Descriptions
3. Use the Data +Increase or -Decrease key to choose the
amount of dual rate for that switch position. You may set
the travel for both sides of the switch simply by flipping the
switch to the other position (the arrow will also switch sides).
If you wish to return to the original 100% value, press the
Active/Inhibit (Clear) key.
4. Press the Cursor Right key to move to another channel you
wish to input dual rate settings.
5. Repeat the first three steps for the dual rate settings on the
remaining channels. Note that you can leave one side of
the dual rate switches alone. This can be used for
exponential settings (see next function).
6. Return to the regular operating mode by pressing the two
Edit Up Down keys simultaneously.
EXP - Exponential
You may be new to exponential settings. "Exponential" refers
to a mathematical function where the curve grows steeper the
further away from center it gets. Expo is a way to get the
effect of dual rates without having to flip a switch. The figure
below will help explain this concept.
Servo
Response
Much less response
around neutral(compare
with Normal line)
Stick Motion
75%
50%
25%
0%
(Linear)
Normal
linear
response
Increasing
exponential
(shallower around
neutral)
Exponential gives
smaller response for
same stick motion
around neutral
You will notice that exponential has a smooth curve. For this
reason it is possible to have low sensitivity at low stick angles
(like dual rates), and yet have full motion at full stick deflection.
The Optic allows you to have two different values of
exponential, chosen by the same dual rate toggle switches on
the transmitter, described earlier. You might want to set a dual
rate at one switch position with zero exponential, and an
exponential value with 100% dual rate at the other. Then you
can switch between them in flight and decide which you like
better. Later, you can combine both dual rate settings and
exponential on a single switch setting.
There are really two kinds of exponential, "positive" and
"negative." Negative exponential is the one shown above, and
the type of expo most commonly used, where servo movement
is softer around neutral. Positive exponential is where the
servos are very sensitive around neutral and soft at extremes.
It is sometimes used for helicopter tail rotors.
The Optic allows you to set exponential for ailerons, elevator,
and rudder.
Airplane Model Function Descriptions
Setting Exponentials
1. Enter the programming mode by pressing the two Edit Up
Down keys (the two keys on the far left) at the same time.
Press either Edit Up Down key until the EXP menu appears,
as shown.
subtrims are large values, the servo's full range of travel may
be restricted.
Setting Subtrims
1. Use the Edit Up Down keys to call up the STRM window.
Flashing
Flashing
T.CUT - Throttle Cut (Engine Kill) Function
The Throttle Cut function provides you an easy way to stop the
engine by simply pressing a button with the throttle stick at idle,
which commands the throttle servo to move a prescribed
amount. The throttle servo moves to the selected cut position
when the Cut button is pressed and the throttle stick is below
50%. Above 50% throttle, the cut button has no effect.
The activation direction may be chosen by the owner.
Setting up the Throttle Cut function
2. To set exponential for channel 1, move the arrow by pressing
the Cursor Right or Left keys repeatedly until the arrow is
over the channel number you want. Now switch the
appropriate switch up or down, noticing the position of the
arrow. You can set two values of exponential, one for each
switch position. By pressing the Data +Increase or
-Decrease keys, you can add or subtract from the numerical
value displayed. Note that you may pick a value anywhere
from -100% to +100%. If you quickly want to get back to the
default 0%, press the Active/Inhibit (Clear) key. You should
understand that you won't see changes in your model's servo
response unless you move the sticks. To get a feel for how
exponential works, just hold partial stick and switch the Expo
on and off (one side of the switch should be set to zero expo).
You'll see how it affects the servo travel.
3. The values you set for exponential are highly dependent on
both the model and pilot's preference. I normally recommend
a start value of about -10% to -20%, and many test flights,
slowly increasing the number until things are "right".
Obviously this depends on the pilot and model so go ahead
and fly it with Expo only on one side of the switch, turn it on
and off during flight, and change things to suit yourself. Or
don't use it at all if you don't like it - it's not for everyone.
4. Repeat this procedure for the expo settings on the other
remaining channels.
5. Return to the regular operating mode by pressing the two
Edit Up Down keys simultaneously.
2. Press the Cursor Right or Left key until the small arrow is
above the channel you wish to adjust (the figure shows
subtrim adjustment for CH1).
3. Adjust the neutral position using the Data +Increase or
-Decrease keys. You may adjust between -100% and
+100%. If you want to reset the value back to zero, press
the Active/Inhibit (Clear) key.
4. Repeat steps 2 and 3 for each channel to be adjusted in turn.
5. Return to the regular operating mode by pressing the two
Edit Up Down keys simultaneously.
Flashing
REV - Servo Reversing
The servo reverse function may be used when you need to
change the direction that a servo responds to a control stick
motion. When you use this function, BE SURE THAT YOUR
CONTROL IS MOVING THE CORRECT DIRECTION. If you
are using any preprogrammed mixers such as flaperon, be
sure to set correct travels in the REV menu setting up the
preprogrammed function.
Reversing Servos
1. Get to the REV screen with the Edit Up Down keys.
2. Use the Data +Increase or -Decrease key to select the
channel you wish to reverse. The active channel number
will flash.
Flashing "1"
S.TRM - Subtrim Settings
The Subtrim window is used to make small adjustments or
corrections in the neutral position of each servo, independent of
the digital trim buttons. The recommended procedure is to zero
out both the trims (see settings menu) and the subtrims (this
menu). Then, one mounts the servo arms and sets up linkages
so that the neutral position of each control surface is as close to
where it should be as possible, with the arm 90° to the
pushrod. Finally, small amounts of subtrim are used to make
fine corrections. We recommend that you try to keep all of the
subtrim values of as small as possible. Otherwise, when the
Airplane Model Function Descriptions - Page 28
1. Get to the T.CUT screen with the Edit Up Down keys.
2. Place the throtle stick at its idle position (towards bottom of
transmitter). Use the Data -Decrease key to select the
amount of motion of the throttle servo you wish - normally
you want to completely close the carburetor, but be careful
not to choose too much travel that might stall the servo. You
may see the servo move when you press the Active/Inhibit
(Clear) button. A maximum of 50% may be chosen, but
only use the amount you need to fully close the carburetor
without stalling the servo.
3. Toggle between normal (N) and reverse (R) with the Active/
Inhibit (Clear) key. The arrow above the number indicates
normal travel, while the arrow below indicates reversed
travel (the figure shows all channels normal, none reversed).
4. Repeat this procedure for each channel needing to be
reversed.
5. Return to the regular operating mode by pressing the two
Edit Up Down keys simultaneously.
3. Return to the regular operating mode by pressing the two
Edit Up Down keys simultaneously.
Note: the throttle servo will be disabled for a 2-3 second period after
the throttle cut button is pressed.
Note: The throttle cut function does not operate if Switch 01 controls
the throttle (see below).
STCK - Throttle Location
Your Optic system has a unique feature that allows you to
choose whether the throttle control plugged into channel 3 is
activated by the throttle stick or by Switch SW01(the switch
labeled "Elev Rudd D/R" on the top left of the front of the
transmitter). If you are flying an electric-powered model or
some other model that only needs the throttle to be on or off,
you can use this function.
Setting the Throttle Location
1. Use the Edit Up Down arrow keys to select the STCK window.
The window will either display the STCK display, indicating
the throttle stick controls channel 3, or the SW01 display,
indicating the switch controls it.
INPUT SEL
Airplane Model Function Descriptions - Page 29
INPUT SEL
Airplane Model Function Descriptions
2. Press the CLEAR key to switch between the two possible
settings.
3. If you choose the Switch SW-01 control setting, be sure the
switch is in the OFF position before you switch on the
airborne system. This is to ensure you do not accidentally
turn on full throttle.
FLPT - Flap Travel Function
CH1
Setting Flap Travel function
1. Use the Edit Up Down arrow keys to select the FLPT
window. The number in the display may be different.
2. Press the Data +Increase or -Decrease key to input your
desired flap motion setting. The 30% default value produces
"reasonable" travel for many models, but you must try it out
on your own model to be sure. A 100% setting causes
extreme travel and is not recommended as it can cause the
servos to bind or excessive trim changes. You may want to
set it to a smaller number, say 10% for starters. If you wish
to return to the default 30% setting, press the Active/Inhibit
(Clear) key. You can toggle through the settings 0%, 30%,
and 100% by continuing to press this key. Setting it to 0%
disables the Right lever control, but the flaps will still respond
to mixing functions such as E->F and to the Landing function.
FLPN - Flaperon Mixing
The Flaperon mixing function uses two servos to individually
control two ailerons, combining the aileron function with the flap
function. Both ailerons can be raised and lowered
simultaneously for a flap effect. Of course, aileron function,
where the two controls move in different directions, is also
performed. The down travel of the left and right ailerons can be
adjusted, so you can also get a differential effect. (Left and
right flap travel are adjusted individually in the EPA menu.)
To take advantage of the flaperon mixing function, you'll need
to connect the right aileron servo to CH1 (AIL) and the left
aileron servo to CH6 (FLP).
5. If the left (CH6) flaperon moves correctly with aileron stick,
go to the next step. Otherwise, change the its travel direction
by pressing the Cursor Right key (the little arrow moves
under the 6), press the Active/Inhibit (Clear) key (sets 0%),
then press the Data -Decrease key until you reach -100%.
CH6
Aileron Operation
CH1
The Flap Travel function is used to specify the amount of flap
travel produced by motion of the flap control (the Left lever).
If flaperon is inactive, the Right lever may be used to trim the
flap position. With flaperons active, the Right lever controls
the motion of both flaperons.
Airplane Model Function Descriptions
Flashing
CH6
as 0% down, and the ailerons will move up only.
This is preferred over reducing the up travel, which reduces
the roll rate.
9. You must repeat this procedure for the left flaperon also.
Press the Cursor Right key one time, so the little arrow
moves under the 6 indicating the left (CH6) flaperon. Move
the stick to the Right and as before, press the Data
-Decrease key until you get to 50-75%.
Flap Operation
You can combine the flaperon function with the landing function
(LAND), to get steeper descents without building up airspeed.
This is very convenient for making short approaches on small
fields. Note that you cannot have both flaperon and elevon
mixing active at the same time.
Setting up the Flaperon function
1. The right flaperon servo should be plugged into CH1, and the
left flaperon servo should be plugged into CH6.
2. Press one of the Up Down Edit buttons repeatedly to select
the FLPN window. The INH indicator will show.
3. Press the Active/Inhibit (Clear) key to activate the flaperon
function. This will show the On indicator.
ADIF - Aileron Differential
6. Now you'll input the amount of flap response on the flaperons.
The flap motion is commanded by the Right Lever on the
right side of the case (near your right-hand index finger), and
both flaperons should move the same direction when you
move the lever. Press the Cursor Right key one time, so the
little arrow moves over the 6 indicating flaps are now the
master channel. Note the arrow under the 6 as well,
indicating left (CH6) flaperon. Now you may adjust the
amount of left flaperon travel with the Data +Increase and
-Decrease keys. Press Active/Inhibit (Clear) key if you wish
to reset to 0%). You may need to choose negative values to
get the control to travel the correct direction.
Flashing
4. Press the Cursor Right key once. A small arrow is displayed
over the numeral 1, representing aileron master channel, and
the percent indicator will blink on and off. A small arrow is
displayed under the numeral 1, which tells us we're setting
the right (CH1) flaperon servo. Move the aileron stick all the
way to the right, and check that both flaperons move the right
direction. If the right (CH1) flaperon moves the wrong way,
change the its travel direction by holding the stick to the right,
pressing the Active/Inhibit (Clear) key, then pressing the
Data -Decrease key until you reach -100%. This will also
change the travel for the left stick motion.
Airplane Model Function Descriptions - Page 30
Flashing
7. Now you'll input the amount of flap lever response on the
right (CH1) flaperon by pressing the Cursor Right key once.
Now the little arrow moves under the 1, and you may adjust
the amount of right flaperon travel with the Data +Increase
and -Decrease keys.
Before we explain why we use differential, please note that this
function drives two aileron servos out of channels 1 and 5. So
if you have a five-channel receiver, use the ADIF function
to set up your model.
Ailerons are used to roll or bank the aircraft's wing, but making
a roll or turn has a price. A wing that generates lift also
generates a drag component called induced drag, meaning that
drag is induced as a byproduct of the lifting wing. This means
that the wing that is lifting more is also dragging more, and the
resulting drag difference causes the fuselage of the model to
yaw away from the desired turn direction, exactly the wrong
thing to have happen. This causes even more drag, which can
really hurt an aircraft's performance. There are two ways to
reduce the yaw of the fuselage, differential (ADIF) and rudder
coupling (A->R). Both should be used together.
Aileron differential causes the ailerons to automatically move
with more UP than DOWN motion, which helps to reduce
induced drag. It helps, along with rudder-coupling, to make the
fuselage point straight into the oncoming air stream (this is also
called "coordinating the turn").
The amount of differential is highly dependent on the model
configuration. A good starting point is for the down aileron to
move 50% to 75% as much as the up-moving aileron.
Flashing
8. You may wish to set aileron differential. Aileron differential
means that each aileron has more travel in the 'up' direction
than the 'down' direction. Normally the down travel is
reduced to about half of the up travel, especially on slowerflying models. Press the Cursor Right key two times, so the
little arrows move over and under the 1 indicating aileron
stick is again the master channel. The arrow under the 1
indicates the right (CH1) flaperon. Move the stick to the LEFT
and press the Data -Decrease key until you get to 50-75%.
If you need even more differential, you can choose as low
Coordinated turn
fuse lines up with turn direction
(don't change anything!)
Airplane Model Function Descriptions - Page 31
Nose Points outside Circle
increase coupling and/or
differential
Nose Points inside circle
Too much coupling or differential.
Reduce one or both.
Airplane Model Function Descriptions
Setting Up Differential
1. Press one of the Up Down Edit buttons repeatedly to select
the ADIF window. To begin with, the function is already
activated, but it's set to 100% on both sides so there is no
differential.
Flashing
2. A small arrow is displayed under the numeral 1, showing
that CH1 is the affected channel. To set the differential for
the right aileron (CH1) down travel, hold the aileron stick to
the left side (display shows L/U), and press the Data
Decrease key (the right aileron moves down when left
aileron stick is commanded). Continue reducing the
percentage until you reach about 60% to 70%.
3. Make sure that the up travel for the first aileron (CH1) stays
at 100% by holding the aileron stick to the right side (display
shows R/D) and verifying that the display shows 100%.
4. Press the Cursor Right key once, to get to the left aileron
(CH5) setting menu. A small arrow is displayed under the
numeral 5, showing that CH5 is the affected channel.
5. Move the aileron stick to the right (display shows R/D), and
press the Data Decrease key reducing the percentage until
you reach about 60% to 70%.
6. Make sure that the up travel for the second aileron (CH5)
stays at 100% by holding the aileron stick to the left side
(display shows L/U) and verifying that the display shows
100%.
7. If for some reason you want a 0% setting, press the Active
/Inhibit (Clear) key. This is the maximum amount of
differential you can get, but will reduce the roll rate if
selected.
Airplane Model Function Descriptions
CAMB - Camber Control
Your Optic system contains a special mixing function called
"Camber." You may use the Camber function to select a group
of preset positions for channels 1, 2, and 6 (1, 2, 5, and 6 if
ADIF is activated). This is used for models requiring these
presets for certain flying conditions. For example, many
sailplanes use drooped ailerons and flaps to maximize their
climb during launch. Scale models might drop ailerons and
flaps for slower, more realistic flight.
Setting up Camber function
1. Use the Edit Up Down arrow keys to select the CAMB
window. Depending on the position of the FLT MODE
(SW-3) switch, the display will show a flashing OFF or ON.
The FLT MODE (SW-4) switch turns CAMB on when all the
way forward.
Flashing
4. To get to the flap travel setting, press the Cursor Right key.
The small triangle is now displayed above the numeral 6,
indicating the flap channel. You may input any desired flap
travel with the Data +Increase and -Decrease keys. The
default is 0%, and you may set this anywhere from -100 to
+100% (check that there is no binding with large flap
deflections and aileron commands). You may return to the
0% settings by hitting the Active/Inhibit (Clear) key.
OFF
OFF
Flashing
3. Next, the amount of elevator offset is programmed. A small
arrow is displayed over the numeral 2 (representing elevator).
You may adjust the amount of travel with the Data +Increase
and -Decrease keys. You may use anywhere between
-100% and +100%, but a small value of 10% or less is the
recommended starting value. Be careful as this has a very
powerful effect on the model's trim. Press the Active/Inhibit
(Clear) key if you wish to reset to 0%.
OFF
Airplane Model Function Descriptions - Page 32
Flashing
Flashing
Note: At first, be very cautious using the CAMB function when you are
flying slowly, as there could be a loss of roll authority.
Check out how it works at high altitude first.
OFF
2. First the amount of Right or first aileron offset is programmed.
Press the Cursor Right key to get a small arrow displayed
over the numeral 1 (representing first aileron). You may
adjust the amount of travel with the Data +Increase and
-Decrease keys. You may use anywhere between -100%
and +100%, but a small value of 10% or less is the
recommended starting value. Be careful as this may have
a significant effect on the model's trim. Press the Active/
Inhibit (Clear) key if you wish to reset to 0%.
2. First the amount of elevator offset is programmed. A small
arrow is displayed over the numeral 2 (representing elevator).
You may adjust the amount of travel with the Data +Increase
and -Decrease keys. You may use anywhere between
-100% and +100%, but a small value of 10% or less is the
recommended starting value. Be careful as this has a very
powerful effect on the model's trim. Press the Active/Inhibit
(Clear) key if you wish to reset to 0%.
3. To get to the flap travel setting, press the Cursor Right key.
The small triangle is now displayed above the numeral 6,
indicating the flap channel. You may input any desired flap
travel with the Data +Increase and -Decrease keys. The
default is 0%, and you may set this anywhere from -100 to
+100% (check that there is no binding with large flap
deflections and aileron commands). With flaperons, large
motions should also be avoided because of reduced aileron
effectiveness. You may return to the 0% settings by hitting
the Active/Inhibit (Clear) key.
LAND - Landing Function
The LAND function simultaneously moves the flap and
elevator servos to defined positions to help make steep
descents or limit airspeed in dives. The controls move to the
defined positions by flipping the FLT MODE SW-4 switch fully
AFT. If your model has a single flap servo on CH6, the flap is
dropped. If flaperons are active, you'll want to raise both to
prevent tip-stalling with some up-elevator to compensate, but
you may want to experiment with small values of down
flaperons to slow the model down. Use the elevator offset to
maintain pitch trim when the landing function is turned on.
Flashing
Note: At first, be very cautious using the LAND function when you are
flying slowly, as there could be a loss of roll authority.
Check out how it works at high altitude first.
Setting up Landing function
1. Use the Edit Up Down arrow keys to select the LAND
window. Depending on the position of the landing switch,
the display will show a flashing OFF or ON. The Flt. Mode
(SW-4) switch turns on LAND when all the way AFT.
Flashing
Flashing
Airplane Model Function Descriptions - Page 33
Airplane Model Function Descriptions
Airplane Model Function Descriptions
VTAL - V-Tail Mixing
ELVN - Elevon Mixing
The Elevon function should be used with delta wings, flying
wings, and other tailless aircraft whose layouts combine the
aileron and elevator functions, and requires one servo for each
elevon. Connect the right elevon to receiver CH1 and the left
elevon to CH2. The amount of aileron and elevator response
can be adjusted independently. However, if you program in
too much elevator or aileron travel, the servos may reach their
travel limits before full stick motion has occurred. The default
values for this mixer are 100%, but you may want to keep the
travel settings at 50% or below because most elevon planes
are very sensitive, and adjust the control linkages to get the
travel you desire. Note that you cannot use either flaperon or
V-tail mixing when elevon mixing is active.
CH1
CH2
Flashing
6. If the right (CH1) elevon moves down with up elevator stick,
change the its travel direction by pressing the Cursor Right
key (the little arrow moves under the 1), then press the Data
-Decrease key until you reach -50%. Otherwise, continue.
7. Now you'll input the amount of aileron stick response on the
right (CH1) elevon by pressing the Cursor Right key once.
Now the little arrows move both over and under the 1, and
you may adjust the amount of right elevon travel with the
Data +Increase and -Decrease keys. 50% is a good starting
point. As before, change the sign and use -50% if it travels
the wrong way with aileron stick.
Aileron Operation
CH2
CH4
Up Elevator
Elevator Operation
Setting up elevon mixing
1. The right elevon should be plugged into CH1, and the left
elevon should be plugged into CH2.
2. Press one of the Up Down Edit buttons repeatedly to select
the ELVN window.
3. To activate, press the Active/Inhibit (Clear) key. The letters
"INH" will turn to "On."
V-tail mixing is used with V-tail aircraft so that both elevator
and rudder functions are combined for the two tail surfaces,
called "ruddervators." The response to both elevator and
rudder inputs can be adjusted independently. However, if you
program in too much elevator or rudder travel, when both
rudder and elevator are commanded the servos may reach
their travel limits before full stick motion has occurred.
Therefore, you should keep the travel settings at 50% or below
and adjust the control linkages to get the travel you desire.
Note that you cannot have both V-tail and elevon mixing active
at the same time.
Flashing
8. Now you'll input the amount of aileron stick response on the
left (CH2) elevon by pressing the Cursor Right key once.
Now the little arrow moves under the 2, and you may adjust
the amount of left elevon travel with the Data +Increase and
-Decrease keys. 50% is a good starting point. Change the
sign if travel needs to be reversed.
CH2
CH4
Right Rudder (view from rear)
Setting up V-Tail mixing
1. The right ruddervator should be plugged into CH2, and the
left ruddervator should be plugged into CH4.
2. Press one of the Up Down Edit buttons repeatedly to select
the VTAL window. The INH indicator will show.
3. Press the Active/Inhibit (Clear) key to activate the V-tail
function. The display will show On.
5. If the left (CH4) ruddervator moves down with up elevator
stick, change the its travel direction by pressing the Cursor
Right key (the bottom arrow moves under the 4), the Active/I
nhibit (Clear) key (sets 0%), then press the Data -Decrease
key until you reach -50%. Otherwise, continue.
Flashing
6. Now you'll input the amount of rudder stick response on the
left (CH4) ruddervator by pressing the Cursor Right key
once. Now the little arrows move both over and under the 4,
and you may adjust the amount of left ruddervator travel
with the Data +Increase and -Decrease keys. 50% is a
good starting point. Press Active/Inhibit (Clear) key if you
wish to reset to 0%).
Flashing
7. Now you'll input the amount of rudder stick response on the
right (CH2) ruddervator by pressing the Cursor Right key
once. Now the little arrow moves under the 2, and you may
adjust the amount of right ruddervator travel with the Data
+Increase and -Decrease keys. 50% is a good starting point.
Press Active/Inhibit (Clear) key if you wish to reset to 0%).
Flashing
4. Press the Cursor Right key once, to get to the elevator travel
setting menu. A small arrow is displayed over the numeral 2
represents elevator master channel, and the percent
indicator will blink on and off. The little arrow below the 2
indicates left elevon is being set.
Flashing
5. Move the elevator stick all the way to the back (full up
position): both elevons should move upwards like elevators.
If the left (CH2) elevon moves down, change the its travel
direction by pressing the Active/Inhibit (Clear) key to get
0% quickly, then pressing the Data -Decrease key until you
reach -50%.
Airplane Model Function Descriptions - Page 34
4. Press the Cursor Right key once, to get to the elevator
setting menu. A small arrow is displayed over the numeral
2, representing elevator master channel, and under the
numeral 2, indicating the right (CH2) ruddervator, and the
percent indicator will blink on and off. Move the elevator
stick all the way to the back (full up position): both
ruddervators should move upwards. If the right (CH2)
ruddervator moves down, change the its travel direction by
pressing the Active/Inhibit (Clear) key, then pressing the
Data -Decrease key until you reach -50%.
Flashing
8. Remember to be sure not to have so much travel as to
cause binding when both elevator and rudder are
commanded simultaneously.
Flashing
Airplane Model Function Descriptions - Page 35
Airplane Model Function Descriptions
A->R - Aileron Rudder Mixing
Aileron-to-rudder mixing is a function that causes the rudder to
move automatically with the motion of the aileron stick. This is
done because when ailerons are used to command a turn, the
down-moving aileron has more drag than the up-moving one,
so the plane's fuselage tries to yaw against the turn. Adding
rudder mixing cures this problem by making the fuselage point
straight into the oncoming air stream (this is also called
"coordinating the turn").
The slower the model flies, the more mixing is needed, and the
faster it moves, the less is needed. It is ideal to make slowflying scale models fly realistically. The amount of coupling is
highly dependent on the model configuration. Usually only a
small amount of rudder is needed. It will also help to set up
some aileron differential using the EPA menus. A good
starting point is to limit the ailerons' down motion to 50% to
75% of the up-moving aileron's motion.
The aileron-to-rudder mixing function may be on always, or
may be turned on and off using Switches 1, 2, 3, or 4. You
may choose how in the S/W SEL menu.
either the ON indicator or the OFF indicator will be flashing,
depending on the position of the ON-OFF switch that is
selected. See the Switch Select instructions on P. 39 for
information on how to select the ON-OFF switch.
Coordinated turn
fuse lines up with turn direction
(don't change anything!)
Nose Points inside circle
too much coupling or differential.
Reduce one or both.
Setting Up A->R Mixing (Rudder Coupling)
1. Press one of the Up Down Edit buttons until the A->R
window appears, as shown. The default is for the function
to be inhibited, as shown. To activate, press the Active/
Inhibit (Clear) key. The letters "INH" will turn to "0," and
ON or OFF
depends on Flt.
Mode switch setting
Flashing
Flashing
2. Press the Cursor Right key once, and the Percent sign will
be flashing. Move the aileron stick all the way to the right,
and adjust the R/D mixing amount by pressing the Data
+Increase or -Decrease key. You may set any amount
between -100 and 100% (an initial value of 10-20% is
suggested). To return to the initial 0% value, press the
Active/Inhibit (Clear) key.
3. Move the aileron stick all the way to the left, and adjust the
L/U mixing amount in the same way. To return to the initial
0% value, press the Active/Inhibit (Clear) key.
2. Press the Cursor Right key to get the percent sign flashing,
then press the Data +Increase and -Decrease keys to
increase or decrease the amount of mixing. Check the
direction the flaps move with elevator stick: with up elevator,
the flaps should droop downwards, and for down elevator
they should come up. In other words, they should move
opposite the elevator motion. If they don't, use the Data
+Increase and -Decrease keys to change the sign in front
of the percentage number. You should probably start with
a smaller number (say 20% or so) and slowly increase it to
learn how the model reacts. Remember the position of the
Flt. Mode (SW-4) switch turns this function on and off (fully
aft turns it ON).
CROW - Crow Mixing (Airbrakes)
E->F - Elevator Flap Mixing
Elevator-to-flap mixing makes the flaps drop or rise whenever
you pull on the elevator stick. It is used to make tighter "pylon"
turns or squarer corners in maneuvers. Elevator-to-flap mixing
is set up so that the flaps droop (are lowered) when up elevator
is commanded.
DOWN flap or flaperon
Nose Points outside Circle
increase coupling and/or
differential
Airplane Model Function Descriptions
UP elevator
Notice that this mixing function works with the flaperon setting.
If flaperon mixing (FLPN) AND E->F mixing are activated, when
you pull up elevator, BOTH ailerons will droop. This function is
turned on with the Flt. Mode (SW-4) switch fully forward.
Setting Up E
F Mixing
1. Press one of the Up Down Edit buttons until the E->F
window appears. The default is for the function to be
inhibited. To activate, press the Active/Inhibit (Clear) key.
This will cause he INH display to change to a number display,
and either ON or OFF will be flashing either the ON indicator
or the OFF indicator will be flashing, depending on the
position of the ON-OFF switch that is selected. See the
Switch Select instructions on P. 39 for information on how
to select the ON-OFF switch.
Airplane Model Function Descriptions - Page 36
The Crow mixing function is useful for increasing the drag of
a model during landing approaches, which makes the approach
steeper and slower, making landings shorter and easier. This
is especially useful for stunt planes and sailplanes to help make
precision landings. You may select the switch that turns on
the Crow function, and the function is commanded
proportionally by the Left Lever position. You can move the
lever a small or large amount and get a small or large travel
(unlike Camber which provides a fixed amount of motion).
Ailerons, elevator, and flaps are the three controls that are
commanded by Crow function, which is also called "butterfly"
in the sailplane world.
drag) occur at "low" slider position (towards the bottom of the
transmitter). The selected ON-OFF switch must be ON for
Crow to operate.
Note: activating CROW automatically turns CH5 into a second aileron
servo, and CH6 becomes a flap servo commanded by the Right
slider if FLPT is not set to zero.
Setting Up Crow Mixing
1. Start by locating the CROW menu with the Up Down Edit
keys. Either the ON or OFF display will be flashing,
depending on the position of the Gear switch SW-2
(forward is on).
2. First set the CROW function activation point. Hit the Cursor
Left key one time to get to the SET menu. Now move the left
lever all the way up. Enter that position by pressing the
Clear Active/Inhibit key. The display should read a number
around +125%.
3. Make sure CROW is ON by moving the Crow on-off switch
to its ON position. Verify by looking at the flashing ON/OFF
indicator. Either the ON indicator or the OFF indicator will be
flashing, depending on the position of the ON-OFF switch
that is selected. See the Switch Select instructions on
P. 39 for information on how to select the ON-OFF switch.
4. Next, set up the throws for the first aileron. Press the Cursor
right key two times to get to the aileron setting menu
(a small arrow will appear over the number 1 in the display).
Press the Data +Increase or -Decrease keys to adjust the
amount of aileron motion. Move the Left lever all the way
down and be sure the ailerons go UP. If they don't, press the
Clear Active/Inhibit key and then press the Data keys
change the sign. You'll probably want a fair amount, but not
all, of aileron travel. Be sure not to use full travel, so you'll
have roll authority while on approach in full crow command.
Notice that you set the throw for both ailerons at the same
time: this is the reason to have identical control arm lengths
and identical neutral positions.
The idea of the crow function is to simultaneously raise the
ailerons (which reduces the wing's lift), and drop the flaps (to
regain the lift lost by the up aileron movement). Elevator motion
may also be also commanded if needed to prevent a trim
change induced by the flap and aileron motion. Normally, crow
is set up so that the maximum control movements (maximum
Airplane Model Function Descriptions - Page 37
Flashing
Airplane Model Function Descriptions
5. Now press the Cursor right key one time to get to the
elevator setting menu (a small arrow will appear over the
number 2 in the display). Press the Data +Increase or
-Decrease keys to set up the throws for the elevator as
desired. Move the left lever and be sure the elevator goes
down with crow. If it doesn't, change the sign (this may
depend on servo orientation). You probably should not use
much elevator motion until you determine if Crow changes
the trim.
6. Now press the Cursor right key one time to get to the
second aileron setting menu (a small arrow will appear over
the number 5 in the display). Press the Data +Increase or
-Decrease keys to set up the throws for the second aileron
as desired. Move the left lever and be sure the second
aileron goes UP with crow. If it doesn't, change the sign
(this may depend on servo orientation). Be sure to set both
aileron offsets to be the same.
7. Now press the Cursor right key one time to get to the flap
menu (a small arrow will appear over the number 6 in the
display). Press the Data +Increase or -Decrease keys to set
up the throws for the flaps as desired. Move the Left lever
and be sure the flaps go down with crow. If they don't,
change the sign (this may depend on servo orientation).
You'll probably want as much flap motion as possible - 90 is
great if you can get it. Like the ailerons, you set both flap
offsets at the same time.
Flashing
8. If you can't get enough travel, go to the EPA menu and be
sure channel 6 is set as high as possible to get 90° flap
travel. Of course, you can reduce them to get the amount of
travel that you'd like at full crow in the EPA menu, but this is
better done in the Crow menu as given in the previous step.
It may be helpful to use long servo arms on the flap servos
to increase their effective throw.
For starters, use zero or very little elevator compensation
until you fly and determine what is needed: if the model
pitches up with crow, add down elevator compensation and
if it pitches downwards, add some up compensation. Make
only small changes in compensation because it has a big
effect on trim.
Remember to try your crow setup out at higher altitudes to
verify that the trim doesn't change rapidly. If you want to
steepen the descent, increase the flap downward deflection
while increasing the up aileron movement.
Airplane Model Function Descriptions
Caution: when setting up crow, do not call for too much aileron "up"
travel, or you'll lose roll authority, and this occurs at a crucial
time, when your model is flying relatively slowly on a landing
approach. Always make changes in small increments, don't
try to do it "all at once."
PMX1, PMX2 - Programmable Mixes 1 and 2
Your Optic system contains TWO independent programmable
mixers (PMX1 and PMX2) with unique capabilities. You may
use mixing to correct unwanted tendencies of the aircraft during
aerobatics, takeoff, or landing, or some special maneuver of
your own choosing. Each mixer may be programmed to do
things that are not built-in programs. This makes them useful
for all sorts of different things. Note that the mixers may be
programmed to be turned on by flipping a selected switch, or
to be on all the time.
You may also use the mixers for correcting unwanted flying
tendencies, like automatically applying a bit of rudder with
throttle to account for torque/P-factor effects, to a corrective
elevator motion during knife-edge flight to correct for an
undesired tucking tendency (the latter is described in the
ACGL model setup section and below).
Using the Programmable mixers
1. Call up the mixer screen by repeatedly pressing one of the
Edit Up Down keys until a PMX window appears. The
default is for the function to be inhibited. To activate, press
the Active/Inhibit (Clear) key. This will cause the INH
display to change to a display showing 100%, Master and
Slave indicators, and a flashing ON or OFF depending on
the position of the ON-OFF switch that is selected. See the
Switch Select instructions on P. 39 for information on how to
select the ON-OFF switch. Be sure the PMIX is ON so you
can see the results of your programming. The default switch
for PMIX 1 is SW-3 and default for PMIX 2 is SW-1.
Flashing
2. Now you'll select the Master channel for the mixing, the
channel that causes the mixing to occur. Press the Cursor
Right key to get the master channel indicator MAS flashing
on and off, then press the Data +Increase or -Decrease
keys to move the top arrow over the number of the desired
master channel, 1 - 6.
Airplane Model Function Descriptions - Page 38
Master
Slave
Flashing
3. Next you'll put in the Slave channel, the one that is affected
by motion of the master channel. Press the Cursor Right
key to get slave channel indicator SLV flashing on and off,
then press the Data +Increase or -Decrease keys to move
the bottom arrow underneath the number of the desired slave
channel.
4. Now you'll input the mixing percentage, which tells how much
the slave channel responds to the master channel. Press the
Cursor Right key to cause the percent (%) sign to the right of
the large number to flash on and off. Note that you can set
the percentage for the mixer on each side of the master
channel's control's motion by moving the master channel's
control back and forth. The motion of the master channel's
control is also indicated by the R/D (= Right/Down) or L/U
(= Left/Up) indicator in the window.
5. Hold the master channel's control to one side, and then use
the Data +Increase or -Decrease key to change the
percentage for the mixer. Verify that you get the proper
motion of the slave channel when you move the master.
If you don't get a response to the master movement,
check that the mixer is turned on with its on-off switch.
Change the percentage if the amount of travel is incorrect.
If you want to set the percentage to ZERO, press the
Active/Inhibit (Clear) key.
6. Move the master control to the other side of its travel and
then repeat the actions in the previous step to set the
amount of mixing on the other side. Use the Data +Increase
or -Decrease key to change the percentage for the mixer
until you get the response you want for the second side.
[Knife-Edge Example: for a model that tucks during knife-edge
flight, set up a mixer with Master = 4 (Rudder), and Slave = 2
(elevator). You want to get up elevator mixed in for either
direction of full rudder. Therefore, you'll set plus mixing on one
side of the rudder stick, and minus mixing on the other side.
Normally only 5% to 10% mixing is needed to solve this problem.
S/W SEL - Switch Selection For Auxiliary Functions
Your Optic system allows you to customize your radio and
choose what switches are used to turn on the following
functions: A->R, E->F, CAMB, CROW, LAND, PMX1, and
PMX2. Note that each of these functions may be chosen to be
turned on by flipping a switch, or to be on all the time.
Choosing The On-Off Switch For Certain Radio Functions
1. Call up the Switch Select screen by repeatedly pressing one
of the Edit Up Down keys until the highlighted words S/W
SEL appear. The window may appear with any of the
following displayed: A->R, E->F, CAMB, CROW, LAND,
PMX1, and PMX2.
2. Use the Data +Increase or -Decrease keys to select the
desired function.
3. Use the Left Right Cursor keys to select from the following
on-off possibilities for the selected function
a. On indicates the function is ALWAYS on.
b. 1 represents Switch SW-1, the "ELEV RUDD D/R"
switch. On is down.
c. 2 represents Switch SW-2, the "GEAR AUX" switch.
On is down.
d. 3 represents Switch SW-3, the "AIL D/R" switch.
On is down.
e. 4 represents Switch SW-4, the "FLT MODE" switch.
The FLT MODE switch has three positions to
select from:
i. NOR = on at forward position
ii. ST1 = on at middle position
iii. ST2 = on at aft position
4. Repeat Steps 2-3 for any additional functions you wish to set.
AILV - Ailevator Function
Your Optic system contains special programming to allow you
to fly a model with two independent elevator servos which
respond together to the elevator stick, and in opposite
directions to the aileron stick. This combination of aileron and
elevator results in the name "ailevator" and allows you to do
torque rolls with 3-D aircraft! Note that the AILV function is on
all the time once it is activated.
Setting Up the Ailevator Function
1. This function requires two elevator servos, one for each side.
Plug the right elevator servo into channel 2, and the second
elevator servo into channel 5. If you need retracts, you will
have to use the output from channel 6.
2. Call up the mixer screen by repeatedly pressing the Edit Up
or Down key until the AILV window appears. The default is
for the function to be inhibited. To activate, press the
CLEAR key. This will cause the AILV INH display to change
to AILV ON. AILV is not a switch able function, it is either
ON or OFF.
Airplane Model Function Descriptions - Page 39
Airplane Model Function Descriptions
3. Move the stick to command aileron. In addition to the aileron
servo(s), both elevator servos should move. They may move
in opposite directions (as they should) or the same direction
(instructions for correcting this are below).
Airplane Model Function Descriptions
7. If the elevator servo plugged into CH5 goes the correct
direction with aileron stick, go to the next step. Otherwise,
press the Cursor Right key to get to the AIL->CH5 setting
menu, then press the Data +Increase or -Decrease keys to
change the sign of the percentage displayed. If it is (+),
change it to (-), or vice versa. Only change the sign of the
number, you can decrease its value later if you need to.
Flashing
4. Move the stick to command elevator. Both elevator servos
should move. They may move in the same direction (as
they should) or opposite directions (to be corrected below).
8. If the elevator servo plugged into CH2 goes the correct
direction with elevator stick, go to the next step. Otherwise,
press the Cursor Right key to get to the AIL->CH2 setting
menu, then press the Data +Increase or -Decrease keys to
change the sign of the percentage displayed. If it is (+),
change it to (-), or vice versa. Only change the sign of the
number, you can decrease its value later if you need to.
5. Press the Cursor Right key to get to the travel setting
menus. The display shows a triangle over the number 1 and
under the number 2, indicating you are in the AIL->CH2
setting menu, programming the response of the CH2
elevator servo due to aileron (CH1) commands.
Master control
Slave Ch.
Flashing
Your Optic system contains special programming to allow you
to fly a model using Hitec's special QPCM software. In this
menu, which only appears when QPCM is selected in the
power-on menus, you can choose where your servos are
commanded to move if the receiver loses the signal from the
transmitter due to interference.
Setting Up the FAILSAFE Function
QPCM Operation
Note: The OPTIC 6 QPCM is NOT compatible with Hitec's older
HPD-07RB PCM receivers and must be used with Hitec's
HPD-07RH QPCM receiver.
Activating the Hitec QPCM Failsafe
The failsafe feature of Hitec's QPCM receiver, model number
HPD-07RH is a safety feature designed to allow the user to
program a "set" position for a flight control surface to be at,
in the event of a loss of signal from the transmitter.
Note: Failsafe does not have to be activated to use the QPCM signal.
You do have the choice of using or not using the failsafe function.
Flashing
1. To access this screen, turn on the transmitter.
2. Turn on the receiver power.
3. Press both Edit keys at the same time enter the menu loop.
4. Use the Edit keys to scroll down or up through the menu
until you come to the Failsafe screen.
5. The default position has the failsafe feature inhibited.
6. Arm the failsafe feature by pressing the "Clear" key, the
screen should now read, FAIL On.
7. To set the desired servo position when failsafe lockout
occurs, move the control sticks to the position you want the
control surfaces to be in if a failsafe condition should occur,
hold the sticks in this position and press both Data keys at
the same time. You should hear a double "beep"
8. Cycle the transmitter on, then off, then back on.
9. Test the effect by turning off your transmitter and watching
the servo failsafe position activate.
10. To change the failsafe hold positions, repeat step
7, 8 and 9.
9. If the elevator servo plugged into CH5 goes the correct
direction with elevator stick, go to the next step. Otherwise,
press the Cursor Right key to get to the ELEV->CH5 setting
menu, then press the Data +Increase or -Decrease keys to
change the sign of the percentage displayed. If it is (+),
change it to (-), or vice versa.
6. If the elevator servo plugged into CH2 goes the correct
direction with aileron stick, go to the next step. Otherwise,
press the Data +Increase or -Decrease keys to change the
sign of the percentage displayed. If it is (+), change it to (-),
or vice versa. Only change the sign of the number, you can
decrease its value later if you need to.
Flashing
FAIL - Failsafe Function
Flashing
Aircraft Flight Trimming Chart
10. Once you have all the servos moving the correct directions,
you can go back and adjust each of the travels
independently, so that both elevator servos move up the
SAME amount when elevator control is given, and move
opposite the same amount for aileron command. You will
need to decrease the percentage shown for the one moving
further, or increase the percentage for the one moving less.
Airplane Model Function Descriptions - Page 40
The following chart may be used to systematically set up and trim a model for straight flight and aerobatic maneuvers.
Please note that for best results, trimming should be done in near-calm conditions. Before you decide to make a change,
be sure to try the test several times before making adjustments. If any changes are made, go back through the
previous steps and verify that they are not also affected. If they are, make further adjustments as necessary.
To test for...
1. Control
neutrals
Test Procedure
Fly the model straight and
level
Observations
Adjustments
Use the transmitter trims for hands-off
straight & level flight.
Change electronic subtrims
or adjust clevises to center
transmitter trims.
Airplane Model Function Descriptions - Page 41
Aircraft Flight Trimming Chart
To test for...
2. Control
throws
Test Procedure
Observations
Fly the model and apply full
deflection of each control in
turn
Check the response of each control
- Aileron high-rate: 3 rolls in 4 seconds;
low-rate: 3 rolls/6 sec
- Elevator high-rate: to give a smooth
square corner; low-rate gives approx.
130 ft diameter loop
- Rudder: high-rate 30-35° for stall
turns; low rate maintains knife-edge
Aircraft Flight Trimming Chart
Adjustments
Change EPA (for high rates),
and Dual Rate settings (for
low rates) to achieve desired
responses.
3. Decalage
A. Model continues straight down
Power off vertical dive
B. Model starts to pull out (nose up)?
(crosswind if any). Release
controls when model vertical C. Model starts to tuck in (nose down)?
(elevator trim must be neutral)
A. No adjustment
B. Reduce incidence
C. Increase incidence
4. Center of
Gravity
A1. Nose drops
Method 1: Roll into near
B1. Tail drops
vertically-banked turn.
Method 2: Roll model inverted A2. Lots of forward stick (down
elevator) required to maintain level
flight
B2. No forward stick (down elevator)
required to maintain level flight, or
model climbs
A. Add weight to tail
B. Add weight to nose
5. Tip weight
(coarse
adjustment)
Fly model straight & level
upright. Check aileron trim
maintains level wings. Roll
model inverted, wings level.
Release aileron stick.
6. Side Thrust & Fly model away from you into
Warped Wing any wind. Pull it into a vertical
climb, watch for deviations as
it slows down.
7. Up/Down
Thrust
8. Tip weight
(fine
adjustment)
A. Model does not drop a wing.
B. Left wing drops.
C. Right wing drops
A. No adjustment
B. Add weight to right tip.
C. Add weight to left tip.
A. Model continues straight up.
B. Model veers left
C. Model veers right
D. Model rolls right
A. No adjustment
B. Add right thrust
C. Reduce right thrust
D. Put trim tab under left
wing tip *
Fly the model on normal path A. Model continues straight up
into any wind, parallel to strip, B. Model pitches up (goes toward top
of model)
at a distance of around 100
meters from you (elevator trim C. Model pitches down (goes toward
bottom of model)
should be neutral as per Test
3). Pull it into a vertical climb
& neutralize elevator
A. No adjustment
B. Add down thrust
C. Reduce down thrust
Method 1: fly the model as per A. Model comes out with wings level
Test 6 and pull into a
B. Model comes out right wing low
reasonably small diameter C. Model comes out left wing low
loop (one loop only)
Method 2: fly the model as per
Test 6 and then push into
an outside loop (one only,
fairly tight)
A. No adjustment necessary
B. Add weight to left tip
C. Add weight to right tip
Aircraft Flight Trimming Chart - Page 42
To test for...
9. Aileron
differential
Test Procedure
Observations
Adjustments
A. No heading changes
Method 1: fly model toward
B. Heading change opposite to roll
you & pull into a vertical
command (i.e. heading veers left
climb before it reaches you.
after right roll)
Neutralize controls, then
C. Heading change in direction of roll
half-roll the model.
command
A. Differential settings OK
B. Increase differential
C. Decrease differential
Method 2: fly model on normal A. Roll axis on model centerline
pass and do three or more B. Roll axis off to same side of model
as roll command (i.e. right roll, roll
rolls
axis off right wing tip)
C. Roll axis off to opposite side of
model as roll command
A. Differential settings OK
B. Increase differential
C. Decrease differential
Method 3: fly the model straight A. Model flies straight ahead without
and level and gently rock the yawing
aileron stick back and forth B. Model yaws away from roll
command (i.e. right roll, yaw left)
C. Model yaws towards roll command
(i.e. right roll, yaw right)
A. Differential settings OK
B. Increase differential
C. Decrease differential
A. Model has no tendency to roll
B. Model rolls in direction of applied
rudder
C. Model rolls in opposite direction in
both tests
A. Dihedral OK
B1. Reduce dihedral
B2. Use mixer to produce
aileron opposing rudder
travel (start with 10%)
C1. Increase dihedral
C2. Mix ailerons with rudder
direction 10%
10. Dihedral
Method 1: Fly the model on
normal pass and roll into
knife-edge flight; maintain
flight with top rudder (do
this test in both left & right
knife-edge flight)
Method 2: Apply rudder in
level flight
11. Elevator
alignment
(for models
with
independent
elevator
halves)
A. No rolling tendency when elevator
Fly the model as in Test 6
applied
and pull up into an inside loop.
Roll it inverted and repeat the B. Model rolls in same direction in both
tests - halves misaligned.
above by pushing it up into
C. Model rolls opposite directions in
an outside loop.
both tests. One elevator half has
more throw than the other (model
rolls to side with most throw).
A. Elevators in correct
alignment
B. Either raise one half, or
lower the other
C. Reduce throw on one side,
or increase throw on the
other.
12. Pitching in
knife-edge
flight
Fly the model as in Test 10
A. No adjustment needed
B. Alternate cures:
1) move CG aft;
2) increase incidence;
3) droop ailerons;
4) mix down elevator with
rudder
C. Reverse 'B' above
A. There is no pitch up or down
B. The nose pitches up (the model
climbs laterally)
C. Nose pitches down (model dives
laterally)
*Trim tab is 3/16" x 3/4" x 4" trailing edge stock, placed just in front of aileron on bottom, pointed end forward.
Aircraft Flight Trimming Chart - Page 43
Optic Helicopter (HELI) Programming
Optic Helicopter Controls and Switch Assignments
This section describes how to use the Optic helicopter functions (model type HELI).
Descriptions of the other functions, such as endpoints, dual rates, expo, etc., are contained in the aircraft (ACGL) section.
The HELI menu provides three flight conditions in addition to the normal one (NOR).
ST1 may be used for forward flight and mild aerobatics, ST2 may be used for inverted, and ST3 is used for autorotations.
Helicopter Functions Map
Helicopter Setup Example
see right
46
EPA
D/R
EXP
STRM
REV
T.CUT
PMX1-2
R->T
GYRO
HOLD
THCV
PTCV
S/W SEL
End Point Adjust (servo travels)
Dual Rates
Exponential Settings
Subtrim (Neutral settings)
Servo Reverse
Throttle Cut (engine shut off)
Programmable Mixer #1 - #2
Rudder->Throttle mixing
Gyro Settings
Throttle Hold
Throttle Curve
Pitch Curve
Switch select for Dual Rates,
PMX1&2, R->T, HOLD
RVMX
Revolution mixing
FAIL
Failsafe Position Input Menu
SWAH
Swashplate settings (120° only)
Hovering Throttle Adjusting lever
Hovering Pitch Adjusting lever
27
27
28
28
29
29
38
50
51
51
52
53
Helicopter Trimming Chart
56
Voltage/Timer Display
Normal Display Mode
Press both Edit/Display key
Dual Rate Set [D/R]
Exponential [EXP]
Trainer Switch
SW4
Idle-up 1 and 2
NOR or Hover Switch
Sub-Trims [STM]
Engine Cut
Switch
Servo Reversing [REV]
Throttle Cut [T.CUT]
SW1
Throttle hold Switch
Elevator / Rudder D/R
Prog. Mix 1 [PMX1]
Prog. Mix 2 [PMX2]
Rud
SW3
Aileron Dual
Rate Switch
Thr Mix [R-T]
Gyro setting [GYRO]
Hovering
Pitch Volume
Throttle Hold [HOLD]
Hovering
Throttle Volume
Pitch Curve [PTCV]
53
54
40
54
55
55
Switch select for [A-DR]
[E-DR] [R-DR] [R->T]
[HOLD] [PMX1][PMX2]
Aileron &
Elevator Stick
Rudder Throttle Stick
Revolution [RVMX]
Failsafe [FAIL]
(QPCM only)
CH2
ROTOR TYPE
Elevator
Trim Switch
Throttle
Trim Switch
Swashplate [SWAH]
The Optic system comes with two choices for the helicopter's
swashplate arrangement, which may be found in the setup
menu: normal (NOR) and 120°(120'). NOR is the standard
swashplate where one servo each performs the collective pitch,
elevator, and aileron functions. 120° is intended for threeservo swashplates needing special mixing to get the servos to
properly provide the required pitch, elevator, and aileron
functions. The swashplate type 120° is also referred to
as SN-3.
SW2
Gyro Switch (ch-5)
End Point Adjust [EPA]
CH2
Rudder
Trim Switch
Aileron
Trim Switch
CH1
CH6
CH6
NOR
Optic Helicopter (HELI) Programming - Page 44
CH1
120
This figure shows the assignments for a Mode 2 system as supplied by the factory.
Note that some of the functions will not operate until activated in the mixing menus.
Optic Helicopter Controls and Switch Assignments - Page 45
Helicopter Setup Instructions
Helicopter Setup Instructions
The following example shows how the Optic may be programmed for a helicopter model.
Your model's settings will be dependent on the setup and linkages.
If you're not sure about the settings for your particular model, please ask an experienced pilot for assistance.
The helicopter setup procedure presented below uses a
standard helicopter setup, one servo each for ailerons and
elevator. You can use a similar procedure to set up your own
model; your setting's numbers and percentages will probably
be different.
1. In the helicopter, install each servo and hook up the aileron,
elevator, throttle, rudder, and collective pushrods to the
servos in accordance with the model's instructions or plans.
Be sure that all of your servos are plugged into the proper
receiver channels:
CH1 - Aileron (Roll Cyclic)
CH2 - Elevator ( Pitch Cyclic)
CH3 - Throttle
CH4 - Rudder (Gyro Yaw control)
CH5 - Gyro (For gyro gain control)
CH6 - Pitch ( Blade Collective)
If your model uses 120° swash programming, plug in the
servos as indicated in the table on page 9.
We recommend that you do this programming exercise with
the servos installed in the model and connected to the
respective control surfaces. This will enable you to
immediately see the effect of each programming step.
2. Model Memory. Turn on your transmitter while holding the
two Edit Display keys. This gets you into the model select
(M.SEL) menu. Press the Cursor Right button to move to a
new model memory. The model number of the model
memory you select is indicated by the little arrow pointing
down. The figure shows Memory #4.
Flashing
WARNING: selecting a different model type will erase the settings in
the model memory. BE SURE you're in the correct model
memory before selecting a new model type, or you might
accidentally erase a model you're using.
4. Swash Type. Now it's time to select the swash type. Select
NOR for helis with independent aileron, elevator, and pitch
servos; 120' for models using 120° swashplates. Press
the Up Edit arrow until you see the word "SWASH" in the
upper right of the display. The swash type in the lower left
will be flashing.
Flashing
9. Set the stopwatch. Press the Down arrow four times. This
gets you into the Timer menu (TIME). Use the Data Increase
and Decrease keys to select the amount of time you want the
stopwatch to count down. This is handy to keep track of
engine running time so you don't run out of gas. You can set
a second timer for a different amount of time.
LEFT
Left Aileron:
swashplate
tilted towards the
left side.
DOWN
10. This completes the initial part of the setup. Now, we'll go
ahead and customize the settings for your model. Switch
transmitter power OFF.
11. Switch transmitter power back on and transmitter should
display the model number and battery voltage as shown.
The number on the right is the elapsed time, which will vary
depending on how long the transmitter has been left on.
5. Name your model. Press the UP arrow once. This gets
you into the model name mode (note the words MODEL and
NAME in the upper left of the display).
NAME
Flashing
"H" Only.
6. Now you can select four letters to identify your model. With
the first of the four letters flashing, press the Data +Increase
or -Decrease keys to change the letter that is displayed.
Stop when the first letter is the one you want.
7. Press the Right Cursor key once to get to the second letter.
Repeat Step 5 to choose the second letter.
8. Repeat the previous steps two more times to fill out the
remaining two letters. If you like, you can hit the right cursor
button one more time and select a number between 0 and
199 for further identification. The model's frequency number
might be a good choice.
Up Elevator:
swashplate
tilted towards the
rear.
HIGH
LOW
12. Servo Directions. Check the proper direction of throw for
each servo. Use the reversing function [REV] to reverse
channels as necessary to get proper throw directions. If
you're using the 120° swashplate, please read the SWAH
menu instructions on page 53 to see how your model
responds to the different commands.
Down Elevator:
swashplate tilted
towards chopper's
front.
UP
Flashing
LEFT
HIGH Position:
high rotor pitch
AND carburetor
fully opened.
LOW Position:
low rotor pitch,
carburetor at idle
(use trim tab to
fully close)
RIGHT
LEFT
RIGHT
14. Servo Neutrals. First, be sure the hovering pitch and
hovering throttle levers on the sides of the radio are
centered. Set up all linkages so that all servos are as close
(STRM) window to make fine adjustments on the servo
neutrals.
Flashing "1"
3. Model Type. Press the UP Edit arrow two times. The word
ACGL will appear, flashing on and off. Press the Left or
Right Cursor keys until HELI appears. You must press both
Data keys to "Save" the setting. This is how you select the
type of model you wish to use, either ACGL or HELI.
Right Aileron:
swashplate tilted
RIGHT towards chopper's
right side.
13. If you're using 120° swash type, please use the
swashplate (SWAH) menu, page 53, to adjust these
responses.
Flashing
15. Servo Travel. Use the EPA command to limit servo travels
to prevent binding.
Flashing
Flashing
Helicopter Setup Instructions - Page 46
Helicopter Setup Instructions - Page 47
Helicopter Setup Instructions
16. Collective Pitch. The blade collective pitch angle
(controlled by CH6 on a conventional helicopter) should
vary from -2° to +10° with full stick motion, in the "NOR"
or hovering Flt Mode. We recommend setting the hovering
pitch (pitch with throttle stick at center) to +4.5°. Adjust
servo arms and EPA values to get the desired travel at the
end points, measuring with a pitch meter.
17. Engine Servo travel. On the regular display menu, enter
a value of -25% for throttle trim. Use the EPA menu to set
up the carburetor pushrod so that at full throttle there is no
binding, and so the engine idles smoothly at low throttle.
18. Throttle Cut. Enter the throttle cut (T.CUT) menu and enter
a value of -25% or so. Press the Cut button and be sure
that the carburetor fully closes, which will shut off the engine.
Don't pick too large a number, or binding may occur.
Flashing
19. Throttle Curve. You can use the Throttle Curve (THCV)
menu's five-point setting curves to fine-tune the engine
servo's response. Adjust the throttle position for hover to
get the desired head RPM. You can change the curve
values to make a steeper curve near idle and shallower
curve past hover. See the THCV menu description on
page 52 for more details.
Flashing
If your instructions don't give any suggested values,
you may start with the following settings:
Helicopter Setup Instructions
Your model's instructions may provide suggested values for
the blade pitch angles. If not, you may want to start with the
following:
Pitch Curve NOR
Point
Pitch
1 (low)
0 deg.
2
+5
3
+6.5
4
+8.0
5 (high)
+10.0
After you've set the pitch at each of the five points, be sure to
check that both aileron and elevator motions do not cause
binding at extreme pitch settings. If they do, use EPA to
reduce travels.
21. Revolution mixing (RVMX) uses the tail rotor to suppress
the torque reaction of the main rotor due to changes in
collective pitch. It is disabled whenever Idle-Up, ST2,
ST3 or Throttle Hold are activated.
RVMX may be set on either side of the stick (note the letters
R/D and L/U displayed). Adjust RVMX mixing for both travel
directions as described in the trimming instructions on page 56.
Flashing
22. Gyro settings. You can select an independent value of
gyro gain for each flight condition by using the GYRO menu.
Press one of the Cursor keys to activate the Gyro gain
Function.Select the desired flight condition, with the FLT
Mode SW-4 or SW-1 Switch. Then use the Data keys to
choose the desired value. The gyro must be plugged into
CH5. You cannot independently control this channel.
It is for gyro gain control functions only. See page 51 for
more information on the Gyro gain set-up.
1 (low)
0
24. Throttle Hold Setting. Throttle hold (HOLD) commands the
throttle to a preset position near idle and disconnects it
from pitch when activated. Move to the HOLD menu and
move the SW-1. switch to the forward position. Set the hold
position to maintain engine speed safely above idle without
engaging the main rotor clutch.
Throttle and pitch curves, revolution mixing, and gyro gain may
be independently selected for each condition.
Flashing
Here are some suggested starting settings if your instructions
do not provide any:
Throttle Curve ST1
Point
%
1 (low)
50
2
38
3
50
4
75
5 (high)
100
2
50
3
38
4
50
5 (high)
100
Throttle Curve ST2
Point
%
1 (low)
100
25. Dual Rate Settings. If you find that your aileron and
elevator controls are too sensitive, you may set dual rates
to reduce them. Use the dual rate (D/R) window to adjust
them to the desired amount of response when the switch is
flipped.
Flashing
Pitch Curve ST1
Point
Pitch
Throttle Curve NOR
Point
%
- ST2: ON when FLT MODE Switch is AFT.
- ST3: ON when ELEV RUDD D/R, SW-1 Switch is down.
As these functions are switched on or off, ST3 will override all
the others, followed by ST2 and ST1, which will override NOR.
Regular settings (NOR) occur when the others are off.
1 (low)
-4 deg.
Pitch Curve ST2
Point
1 (low)
Pitch -9 deg.
2
+0.5
2
-6.0
3
+6.0
3
0
4
+7.5
5 (high)
+9.0
4
6.0
5 (high)
9 or 10.0
4
--
5 (high)
+12
This is only a brief introduction to the setup procedure for
helicopters. Be sure to browse through the pages following
this example to see the details about the menus for helicopters.
Pitch Curve ST3 (HOLD)
Point
Pitch
1 (low)
-4 deg.
2
--
3
+6.5
Menu Descriptions - Helicopter
Helicopter Flight Conditions
2
26
3
45
4
72
5 (high)
100
20. Pitch Curve. You can use the Pitch Curve (PTCV) menu's
five-point setting curves to make finer adjustments to the
endpoints and the middle of travel of the pitch servo.
Flashing
Flashing
23. Aerobatic Setups and Flight Conditions. Your Optic
system has three built-in flight condition menus in addition
to the normal (NOR) hovering mode. Two -- ST1 and ST2
-- are typically used for aerobatics, including 540° stall turns,
looping, and rolling stall turns. ST3 is used for "throttle hold"
so that the throttle servo is disengaged during autorotations.
These functions are switched on as follows:
- NOR: ON when FLT MODE Switch is forward.
- ST1: ON, when FLT MODE Switch is centered
Helicopter Setup Instructions - Page 48
Your Optic system's HELI menu provides three flight modes in
addition to the normal one (NOR). Within each condition, you
may program an independent set of dual rates, exponentials,
throttle and pitch curves, revolution mixing, and gyro gain. In
the HELI menus, these are automatically called up whenever
you switch to a new condition.
NOR is intended for hovering flight. ST1 may be used for
forward flight and mild aerobatics, ST2 may be used for
inverted, and ST3 is used for autorotations as it includes a
throttle hold feature which disengages the throttle servo from
collective commands. These conditions are activated
whenever the model memory is chosen to be HELI type.
The defaults for the switches controlling these flight
conditions are as follows:
- NOR: ON when Flt. Mode (SW-4) Switch is FORWARD.
- ST1: ON when Flt. Mode (SW-4) Switch CENTER.
- ST2: ON when Flt. Mode (SW-4) Switch is AFT.
- ST3: ON when SW-1 is DOWN.
Menu Descriptions - Helicopter - Page 49
Menu Descriptions - Helicopter
As these functions are switched on or off, ST3 = HOLD has
highest priority, followed by ST2 and ST1. Regular settings
(NOR) occur when all of the others are off. You can see which
condition your transmitter is currently in by viewing the display.
The current condition may be found flashing in the lower right
of the TRIM display.
Flashing
EPA - End point adjust
See ACGL instructions on page 27.
Menu Descriptions - Helicopter
R->T - Rudder Throttle Mixing
GYRO - Gyro settings
Setting Up Throttle Hold
Rudder Throttle (R->T) mixing is used to maintain rotor
speed so that altitude is kept constant when the rudder stick is
operated in hover. The reason for this mixing is that when
rudder is commanded, the tail rotor consumes a little more
power, which reduces the power at the main rotor and the
helicopter drops or climbs. For helicopters with normal rotor
rotation, commanding right rudder (which requires more power)
should also increase throttle slightly, while using left rudder
(requires less power) should decrease the throttle slightly.
R->T mixing is handy for hovering but may also be used in
540° stall turns, hovering eights, nose-in circles, Top Hats,
Pirouettes, and other aerobatics. This function only operates
when the NOR menu is selected.
Gyro settings are used to automatically control the gyro's gain
in different flight modes. It may be set to different values in
NOR, ST1, ST2, and ST3 flight modes, allowing you to pick the
gain you need for each circumstance. The Gyro settings
Control the output at receiver CH5. You cannot independently
control this channel with a switch or slider.
1. Press one of the Up Down Edit buttons until the H0LD
window appears. The default is for the function to be
inhibited. To activate the throttle hold function, press the
down Data -Decrease key. This will cause the flashing INH
display to change to a -6% value with an ON or OFF display,
depending on the SW-1 switch's position.
2. Now you can adjust the throttle hold position with the Data
+Increase or -Decrease keys, anywhere between -50 and
+50% (to return to the default 0%, press the Active/Inhibit
(Clear) key).
Using Gyro Settings
1. Press one of the Up Down Edit buttons repeatedly to get to
the GYRO menu. To begin with, the function is inhibited.
Press one of the Cursor keys to activate it. Once activated,
it's set to 50% in all four flight modes.
Flashing
Setting Up Rudder->Throttle Mixing
1. Press one of the Up Down Edit buttons repeatedly to select
the R->T window. To begin with, the function is already
activated, but it's set to 0% on both sides so there is no
differential.
D/R - Dual Rates
Refer to ACGL instructions on page 27.
EXP - Exponential
See the ACGL instructions on page 28.
Flashing
STRM - Subtrim
Refer to the ACGL instructions on page 28.
REV - Servo Reverse
See ACGL instructions on page 29.
T.CUT - Throttle Cut
Described in the ACGL instructions on page 29.
PMX1, PMX2 - Programmable Mixing
See ACGL PMX instructions on page 38. These instructions
are the same for the two programmable mixers in the helicopter
menus.
2. To set the mixing amount for the left rudder, hold the rudder
stick to the left side (display shows L/U), and press the Data
Decrease key. Continue reducing the percentage until you
reach about 10%. If for some reason you want a 0% setting,
press the Active/Inhibit (Clear) key.
3. Input the mixing amount for right rudder by moving the
rudder stick to the right (display shows R/D), and press the
Data Increase or Decrease key to reach about 10%.
4. After you try these settings out, you can adjust them higher
or lower to suit your machine. The signs shown here may
need reversing depending on the way the servo is mounted.
5. You may select which ON-OFF switch turns this function on.
See the Switch Select instructions on P. 53 for information
on how to select the ON-OFF switch.
6. Note that R->T mixing may only be set up, and only
operates, in the NOR menu.
Menu Descriptions - Helicopter - Page 50
Flashing
2. To set the mixing amount for the normal (NOR) flight mode,
flip the Flt. Mode (SW-4) switch all the way forward. NOR
will be flashing on and off. Set the percentage to yield the
desired gyro gain (this is usually a high-gain setting). If for
some reason you want a 0% setting, press the Active/
Inhibit (Clear) key.
3. Flip the Flt. Mode (SW-4) switch to its center position. ST1
will be flashing on and off. Set the percentage to yield the
desired gyro gain in this flight mode (this will usually be a
lower-gain setting for reduced damping in stunts).
4. Flip the Flt. Mode (SW-4) switch all the way aft. ST2 will be
Flashing on and off. Set the percentage to yield the desired
gyro gain.
5. Now flip the SW-1 switch fully down. You may now input a
setting for ST3.
6. Make some test flights to try these settings out. Take note
of when more gain is need, and when less gain is needed.
You can adjust all of the gyro settings in each flight mode to
suit your machine.
3. Check that your throttle goes to the desired hold position by
flipping the selected on-off switch one way and the other.
Adjust the number as needed. Be sure to choose an engine
speed that's fast enough to keep the engine from accidentally
quitting but slow enough to not engage the main rotor clutch.
4. You may select which ON-OFF switch turns this function on.
See the Switch Select instructions on P. 53 for information
on how to select the ON-OFF switch.
HOLD - Throttle Hold
The Throttle Hold function moves the engine throttle servo to a
selected position near idle, and disengages it from the throttle
stick. It is commonly used during autorotation, and activated
with the SW-1 switch on the left front of the transmitter. You
can set the throttle position to be held over a -50 to +50% range
centered about the throttle idle position. Activating throttle hold
also disables revolution mixing (RVMX).
Menu Descriptions - Helicopter - Page 51
Menu Descriptions - Helicopter
Menu Descriptions - Helicopter
THCV - Throttle Curve
Setting Up The Throttle Curve
PTCV - Pitch Curve
The throttle & pitch curves are tied to the position of the
collective stick, and are specified at five points labeled 1
through 5 below. These "curves" are really straight lines
connecting the settings at the five points, and are defined by
assigning servo movement percentages to five positions of the
left stick: lowest = Point 1, the 1/4-up stick position = Point 2,
half-stick = Point 3, 3/4 position = Point 4, and top position =
Point 5. With the numbers defined as shown, the servo would
move 50% of full travel to one side at low collective stick
position, and 50% of full travel to the other side at high stick
position.
1. Press one of the Up Down Edit buttons until the THCV
window appears. The default is for a linear curve, a straight
line from 0 to 100% passing through 50% at hover (center,
point 3).
2. Be sure you're in the desired flight Mode by moving the
Flt. Mode (SW-4) switch to its proper position. Remember,
you can input separate, independent throttle curve settings
for each separate idle-up mode (except for ST3, throttle
hold)! Also, be sure to center the hovering throttle lever
3. You begin at set point #1, idle. A small arrow should appear
over the number 1 in the display, and a value of 0% should
be shown. Press the Data +Increase or -Decrease key to
change the setting to your desired value.
Like the throttle curve described previously, pitch curves are
tied to the position of the throttle collective stick, and are
specified at five points labeled 1 through 5 below. Setup
instructions are the same as those for throttle curve, except
that you may also input a curve for the throttle hold/ST3 flight
mode.You can get a linear response by making the five settings
line up as shown above. But if you want another shape, you're
free to do it. You can "flatten out" or "soften" the curve around
hover, which is handy for making the control less sensitive there.
Example Five-Point Curve
100%
75%
75%
63%
Servo Response
38%
25%
25%
1
Low
2
Flashing
50%
50%
Curve Point
3
4
Collective Stick
0%
5
High
4. When you're finished with Point 1, move to the next point
with the Cursor Right key. A small arrow over the number
2 indicates you are setting the value for Point 2. Note that
the function is inhibited (Inh) to start with. If you leave it, you
get a straight line from points 1 to 3. Otherwise, you can
change this setting with the Data +Increase or -Decrease
keys.
Inputting The Pitch Curve Values
1. Press one of the Up Down Edit buttons until the PTCV
window appears. The default is for a linear curve, a straight
line from 0 to 100% passing through 50% at hover (center).
2. Be sure you're in the desired flight Modes by moving the
Flt. Mode switch (SW-4) to its proper position. Remember,
you can input separate, independent throttle curve settings
for each separate idle-up mode.
3. You begin at set point #1, idle. A small arrow should appear
over the number 1 in the display, and a value of 0% should
be shown. Press the Data +Increase or -Decrease key to
change the setting to your desired value.
Flashing
You can get a linear response by making the five settings line
up as shown above. But if you want another shape, you're
free to do it. You can "flatten out" or "soften" the curve around
hover as shown here. This is handy for making the control
less sensitive around hover.
5-Pt Curve Soft Near Hover
Shallower
Slope in this
region
75%
60%
1
Low
Servo Response
25%
50%
100%
75%
50%
40%
Flashing
5. Repeat this procedure for Points 3, 4, and 5 by pressing the
Cursor Right key, then adjusting as desired with the Data
+Increase or -Decrease keys.
6. When you've completed the settings for the first flight mode
(NOR), test fly your model. When you're satisfied with the
settings, use them as a basis for the other flight mode.
Flip the switches as necessary to get into the new modes,
verify on the display that you are in the desired flight mode,
then set all the five points in by going through the steps
given previously.
25%
2
Curve Point
3
4
Collective Stick
4. When you're finished with Point 1, move to the next point
with the Cursor Right key. A small arrow over the number
2 indicates you are setting the value for Point 2. Note that
the function is inhibited (Inh) to start with. If you leave it, you
get a straight line from points 1 to 3. Otherwise, you can
change this setting with the Data +Increase or -Decrease
keys.
5. Repeat this procedure for Points 3, 4, and 5 by pressing the
Cursor Right key, then adjusting as desired with the Data
+Increase or -Decrease keys.
6. When you've completed the settings for the first flight mode
(NOR), test fly your model. When you're satisfied with the
settings, use them as a basis for the other flight Modes.
Flip the switches as necessary to get into the new mode,
verify on the display that you are in the desired flight mode,
then set all the five points in by going through the steps
given previously.
S/W SEL Switch Selection For Auxiliary Functions
Your Optic system allows you customize your radio and choose
what switches are used to turn on the following helicopter
functions: AIL D/R, ELEV D/R, RUDD D/R, R->T, HOLD, PMX1,
and PMX2. Note that each of these functions may be chosen
to be turned on by flipping a switch. Some may be selected to
be on all the time.
Choosing The On-Off Switch For Certain Radio Functions
1. Call up the Switch Select screen by repeatedly pressing one
of the Edit Up Down keys until the highlighted words S/W
SEL appear. The window may appear with any of the
following displayed: AIL D/R, ELEV D/R, RUDD D/R, R->T,
HOLD, PMX1, and PMX2. Note that if you change switch
locations, the switch labeled (for example) AIL D/R or SW-4
will not control aileron dual rate afterwards. You should
carefully consider how you assign all the switches in
consideration of the flight mode switches. See also Item 3a
below.
2. Use the Data +Increase or -Decrease keys to select the
desired function.
3. Use the Left Right Cursor keys to select from the following
on-off possibilities for the selected function
a. On indicates the function is ALWAYS on. You can also,
for example, set HOLD to be On at all times. This will
permanently disable the throttle servo, not a good thing!
Be very careful choosing ON as a possible setting for all
of these functions.
b. 1 represents Switch SW-1, the "ELEV RUDD D/R" switch.
On is down.
c. 2 represents Switch SW-2, the "GEAR AUX" switch.
On is down.
d. 3 represents Switch SW-3, the "AIL D/R" switch.
On is down.
e. 4 represents Switch SW-4, the "FLT MODE" switch.
The FLT MODE switch has three positions to select from:
i. NOR = on at forward position
ii. ST1 = on at middle position
iii. ST2 = on at aft position
4. Repeat Steps 2-3 for any additional functions you wish to set
0%
5
High
Menu Descriptions - Helicopter - Page 52
Menu Descriptions - Helicopter - Page 53
Menu Descriptions - Helicopter
SWAH - Swashplate adjust (120 °swash only)
The revolution mixing function mixes pitch commands into
rudder (pitch rudder) in order to suppress the torque
generated by changes in the main rotor's pitch angle and
rotational speed. You can input independent values for
revolution mixing above and below one-half throttle for each of
the NOR, ST1, and ST2 flight conditions. Revolution mixing is
disabled whenever throttle hold (ST3, operated by switch
SW -1) is on.
For a clockwise-turning rotor, revolution mixing should apply
right rudder when pitch is increased; for a counterclockwiseturning rotor, the opposite should occur. Remember to set the
value for both sides of the throttle stick's motion.
Revolution mixing has no preprogrammed values input at the
start. You will need to input values for your helicopter as
described in the setup example.
Note: A procedure for adjusting revolution mixing is given in a
table on page 56.
The swashplate menu is intended only for helicopters whose
collective pitch is controlled by more than a single servo at a
time, and is sometimes referred to as CCPM (Collective &
Cyclic Pitch Mixing). The Optic contains settings for 120°
swashplates. Consult your model's setup instructions to find
out whether you need special swash settings.
The swashplate menu is used to control the response of all
three collective servos as a group. It should NOT be used for
reversing or individual servo travel adjustment. Perform these
settings in the REV and EPA menus respectively.
When you move the collective stick, all swashplate servos
should move in the same direction and the same amount to lift
or drop the swashplate without tilting. If the swashplate should
tilt to one side when you command collective, one or more
servos is moving the wrong direction or the wrong amount, and
must be adjusted in the SWAH menu. If the swashplate moves
down when pitch should be increasing or vice versa, change
the sign in front of all three servos from (+) to (-) or vice versa.
Note that there is no SWAH menu when the NOR menu is
selected, but the 120° swash type does contain the SWAH
menu. The swash default settings are shown below.
Revolution Mixing Programming
1. Call up the revolution mixing screen by repeatedly pressing
one of the Up Down Edit buttons until the RVMX window
appears. The function is active with 0% mixing turned on.
Put the throttle stick to its idle position.
NOR
120'
No SWAH menu
CH1 +70%, CH2 +70%,CH6 +70%
Swashplate Programming
Flashing
2. Now press the Data +Increase key. This will increase the
percentage of RVMX mixing for the low side of throttle. You
may set a value of 0% to 100% for this side. If you wish to
return the mixing percentage to the default 0% value, press
the Active/Inhibit (Clear) key.
3. Move the throttle stick to a position above half-throttle, and
change the percentage number to suit.
4. Now verify that the rudder responds both the correct
direction and amount for travel on both sides when throttle is
commanded.
5. Set up the RVMX values for the other flight conditions (ST1,
ST2) by flipping the Flt. Mode (SW-3) switch and repeating
these procedures.
FAIL - Failsafe
See the instructions on page 41.
1. Consult your model's setup instructions. If three servos are
needed to move the swashplate in a 120° CCPM set-up,
go to the model setup instructions (page 21) and select the
120° swash type.
2. With all the servos hooked up, and the transmitter and
receiver turned on, move the throttle/collective stick up and
down. The swash should move up and down with no
rotations. Move the aileron stick left and right. The swash
should tilt left and right without pitching or rising. Move the
elevator stick. The swash should tilt fore and aft with no
rotations. If there are rotations when collective is moved, or
the swash moves up and down with aileron or elevator, you
need to adjust the settings in the swash menu.
3. If the servos do not all respond in the same direction for
collective or opposite directions for aileron and elevator, you
will need to reverse one or more of them in the reversing
menu (REV). It may take a little trial and error trying different
combinations of normal and reverse rotation to get the servos
to respond properly. Don't worry about the direction they
respond, just that they all move the same for collective and
tilt for aileron and elevator.
Menu Descriptions - Helicopter - Page 54
4. Call up the swash screen by repeatedly pressing one of the
Up Down Edit buttons until the SWAH window appears.
The function is automatically active when you select 120'
mixing in the model setup menu.
5. If all the servos raise the swash with increasing collective,
go to the next step. If they lower the swash, press the
Cursor Right key twice to get to the collective setting menu
(the arrow appears over the number 6). Now press the Data
-Decrease key until the sign is reversed in front of the
percentage value. Now the swash should properly respond
to collective. If you've done the wrong thing, you can reset
the percentage by pressing the Active/Inhibit (Clear) key.
6. If all the servos tilt the swash to the right with right aileron
stick, go to the next step. If they tilt the swash to the left,
press the Cursor Right key once to get to the aileron setting
menu (the arrow appears over the number 1). Reverse the
sign in front of the percentage with the Data -Decrease key.
Now the swash should properly respond to aileron.
7. If all the servos tilt the swash aft with up elevator stick, go to
the next step. If they tilt the swash forwards, press the
Cursor Right key once to get to the elevator setting menu
(the arrow appears over the number 2). Now press the
Data -Decrease key until the sign is reversed in front of the
percentage value. Now the swash should properly respond
to elevator.
8. Double check that all three functions, collective, aileron, and
elevator, produce the desired result on the swashplate. Do
not set any SWAH values to 0% or you will disable the
response to that control!
Hovering Throttle Adjustment Lever (Pilot Control)
The Hovering Throttle lever may be used to adjust the throttle
servo's position around hover without affecting main rotor pitch.
It's handy to make up for changes in rotor speed caused by
variations in temperature, humidity, or other conditions. To
change the hovering throttle setting, simply move the Hovering
throttle lever (Left Lever) to get the desired setting. As shown
in the figure, moving the lever has the largest effect in the
hovering region and leaves the endpoints alone. Center this
lever before you set neutrals or input throttle curves.
Full
Pwr
Throttle Servo Response
RVMX - Revolution mixing
Changing the
HV-T value
moves the
throttle response
above or below
the straight line
Idle
Low
Hover
High
Throttle Stick Motion
Hovering Pitch Adjustment Lever (Pilot Control)
The Hovering Pitch lever may be used to trim the collective
pitch servo(s) near hover without affecting throttle. Like
hovering throttle, it's handy to make up for changes in rotor
speed caused by variations in temperature, humidity, or other
conditions. You can adjust the hovering pitch value simply by
moving the Hovering pitch lever (Right Lever). Like hovering
throttle, this lever only works near hover and tapers off at either
end of throttle. Center this lever before you set neutrals or
input throttle curves.
Max
Pitch
Collective
Pitch Servo Response
Menu Descriptions - Helicopter
Min
Pitch
Changing the
Hovering Pitch
value moves the
pitch response
above or below
the straight line
Low
Hover
Throttle Stick Motion
Menu Descriptions - Helicopter - Page 55
High
Helicopter Flight Trimming Chart
GLOSSARY
The abbreviations used with the Optic are defined below alphabetically.
Related pages are given in parenthesis following the definition.
This procedure assumes helicopter is trimmed for hovering. Trimming must be done in near-calm conditions.
Repeat tests several times before making adjustments. If any changes are made,
go back over the previous steps and verify, or further adjust as necessary.
To test for...
Test Procedure
1. RVMX mixing Fly the model straight and
level into the wind at 100 ft
- Up settings
altitude, lower pitch to 0°
(Part 1)
Observations
Observe rotation as helicopter descends
A. None
A. No rotation
B. Model rotates counterclockwise
B. Add right rudder trim
C. Model rotates clockwise
C. Add left rudder trim
2. RVMX mixing Bring the helicopter into hover, Observe rotation as helicopter ascends
add full pitch and ascend 75 ft A. No rotation
- Up settings
B. Model rotates counterclockwise
(Part 2)
C. Model rotates clockwise
3. RVMX Down Begin Down RVMX mixing
mixing settings with same number as UP
mix. From inverted flight
(top of loop, or mid-point of
roll, or inverted part of split-S),
add full negative pitch
Adjustments
A. None
B. Increase UP RVMX mix
C. Decrease UP RVMX mix
Observe rotation as helicopter ascends
A. No rotation
B. Model rotates clockwise
C. Model rotates counterclockwise
A. No adjustment
B. Increase Down RVMX mix
C. Decrease Down RVMX mix
Adjusting Hovering Pitch and Hovering Throttle
RPM
High
Low
Perfect
High
Low
Perfect
High
Low
Perfect
Want more
Want less
Stick
Below 1/2
Below 1/2
Below 1/2
1/2 stick
1/2 stick
1/2 stick
Above 1/2
Above 1/2
Above 1/2
Keep 1/2
Keep 1/2
Primary Corrective Action
Decrease hovering throttle
Decrease hovering pitch
Decrease hovering throttle, decrease hovering pitch
Increase hovering pitch, decrease hovering throttle
Decrease hovering pitch, increase hovering throttle
Don't touch a thing!
Increase hovering pitch
Increase hovering throttle
Increase hovering pitch, increase hovering throttle
Decrease hovering pitch, then increase hovering throttle
Increase hovering pitch, then decrease hovering throttle
Helicopter Flight Trimming Chart - Page 56
A
ACGL
ADIF
AILV
ATL
A->R
C
CAMB
Acrobatic/Glider aircraft menu (15)
Aileron differential. Ailerons move more to one
side than other (31)
Differential elevator servos, for 3-D aerobatics (39)
Adjustable Travel Limit. Limits throttle trims to
only the throttle idle position. (built in to your system)
Aileron Rudder mixing (36)
A function which droops or raises the entire
trailing edge of a wing. (32)
COPY
Data copy: command used to copy one memory
to another (11)
CROW
Airbrake function (37)
CURSOR Button used to step through menus (9)
D
D/R
Dual rate: switch-controlled function reduces
control travels. (27)
DATA
Editing keys change numbers (9)
E
ELVN
Elevon function combines ailerons & elevators for
tailless models. (34)
EPA
End Point Adjust. Function that adjusts the servo t
ravel at the left and right sides. (27)
EXP
Exponential function, reduces sensitivity around
neutral (28)
E->F
Elevator Flap mixing (36)
F
FAIL
Failsafe function moves servos to preset locations
if interference is received. (41)
FLPN
Flaperon function gives the ailerons a flap
function. (30)
FLPT
Flap travel function. (30)
G
Gear
Landing gear control switch. (8)
GYRO
Gyro setting menu (51)
H
HELI
Helicopter settings menu. (45)
HOLD
Throttle hold function holds the throttle in a nearidle position (used for autorotation). (51)
I
INH
Inhibit. Function will not operate
L
L/U
Indicates Left or Up stick motion
LAND
Landing function (33)
Lock
Lock throttle button (9)
M
MAS
M.SEL
N
NOR
O
OFF
ON
P
PPM
PCM
PMX
PTCV
Q
QPCM
R
R/D
REV
REST
RVMX
R->T
S
S/W SEL
SFT.N
SFT.P
SLV
STCK
STRM
SWAH
T
T.CUT
THCV
TIME
V
VTAL
Master channel in mixer (38)
Model select menu (11)
Normal helicopter swashplate (1 servo each for
elevator, aileron, pitch. (12)
Function or Switch in OFF position.
Function or Switch in ON position.
Pulse-Position Modulation,
also known as "FM". (14)
Pulse-Code Modulation. (14)
Programmable mixer. Mixing between
arbitrary channels. (38)
Pitch curve function (53)
Pulse-Code Modulation. (14)
Indicates Right or Down stick motion
Reverse. Servo operating direction
switching function. (29)
Reset model memory (15)
Revolution mixing (54)
Rudder Throttle mixing (50)
Select on-off switches for different functions (39,53)
Negative transmit shift direction (13)
Positive transmit shift direction (13)
Slave channel in program mixer (38)
Choose Mode of transmitter. (13)
Subtrim function used to adjust
servo neutrals. (28)
Swash type (12,54)
Throttle cut function used to kill engine
without moving trims (29)
Throttle curve function (52)
Timer/Stopwatch function (14)
V-tail function combines the
elevators and rudder. (35)
Numerical
120'
Helicopter swashplate, 120° (12,54)
GLOSSARY - Page 57
ACGL Model Data Recording Sheet
HELI Model Data Recording Sheet
Make copies before using
Make copies before using
Memory No. 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5 . 6 . 7 . 8
Model Name ___ ___ ___ ___ -__ __ __
MENU FUNCTION
CH 1
REV
EPA
N.R
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
T.CUT
Servo Rev (circle)
End Point Adj. R/D
L/U
Subtrims Value
NOR
Up
Down
ST1
Up
Down
ST2
Up
Down
ST3
Up
Down
NOR
Up
Down
ST1
Up
Down
ST2
Up
Down
ST3
Up
Down
%
PMX1
PMX2
ADIF
CROW
CAMB
LAND
FLPT
E->F
A->R
ELVN
VTAL
FLPN
S/W
AILV
Programmable Mixer 1
Programmable Mixer 2
Aileron Differential
Crow Mixing
Camber presets
Landing Mixing
Flap Travel
Elevator Flap Mixing
Ail Rud Mixing
Elevon Mixing
V-tail Mixing
Flaperon Mixing
SEL Switch Select
Ailevator Mixing
SBTR
D/R
D/R
D/R
D/R
EXP
EXP
EXP
EXP
ON.INH
ON.INH
ON.INH
ON.INH
ON.INH
ON.INH
ON.INH
ON.INH
ON.INH
ON.INH
ON.INH
ON.INH
ON.INH
CH 2
N.R
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
CH 3
N.R
%
%
%
CH 4
N.R
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
CH 5
N.R
%
%
%
CH 6
MENU FUNCTION
CH 1
CH 2
CH 3
CH 4
CH 5
CH 6
N.R
%
%
%
REV
Servo Rev (circle)
EPA End Point Adj.
R/D
L/U
SBTR Subtrims Value
D/R
NOR
Up
Down
D/R
ST1
Up
Down
D/R
ST2
Up
Down
D/R
ST3
Up
Down
EXP
NOR
Up
Down
EXP
ST1
Up
Down
EXP
ST2
Up
Down
EXP
ST3
Up
Down
T.CUT
%
N.R
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
N.R
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
N.R
%
%
%
N.R
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
N.R
%
%
%
N.R
%
%
%
MAS CH ___ SLV CH ___ R/D + o - __% L/U + o - __%
MAS CH ___ SLV CH ___ R/D + o - __% L/U + o - __%
1-1 R ___% 1-1 L ___% 1-5 R ___% 1-5 L ___%
CH1 ___% CH2 ___% CH6 ____% SET ___%
CH1 ___% CH2 ___% CH6 ____% SET ___%
CH2 ____% CH6 ____%
Amount ____%
Up ____% Down ____%
Left ____% Right ____%
2-2 ____% 2-1 ____% 1-1 ____% 1-2 ____%
2-2 ____% 2-4 ____% 4-4 ____% 4-2 ____%
1-1 R ____% 1-1 L ____% 1-6 R ____%
1-6 L ____% 6-6 ____% 6-1 ____%
1-1 R ____% 1-1 L ____% 1-6 R ____%
1-6 L ____% 6-6 ____% 6-1 ____%
2-2 ____% 2-4 ____% 4-4 ____% 4-2 ____%
PMX1
PMX2
R->T
GYRO
HOLD
Programmable Mixer 1 ON.INH
Programmable Mixer 2 ON.INH
Rud-Thr Mixing
Gyro setting
Throttle Hold setting
THCV
THCV
THCV
PTCV
PTCV
PTCV
PTCV
RVMX
RVMX
RVMX
Throttle Curve NOR
Throttle Curve ST1
Throttle Curve ST2
Pitch Curve NOR
Pitch Curve ST1
Pitch Curve ST2
Pitch Curve ST3
Revolution Mixing NOR
Revolution Mixing ST1
Revolution Mixing ST2
SWAH Swash settings
ACGL Model Data Recording Sheet - Page 58
Memory No. 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5 . 6 . 7 . 8
Model Name ___ ___ ___ ___ -__ __ __
MAS CH ___ SLV CH ___ R/D + o - __% L/U + o - __%
MAS CH ___ SLV CH ___ R/D + o - __% L/U + o - __%
Right Side (R/D) + o - __% Left Side (L/U) + o - __%
NOR __% ST1 __% ST2 __% ST3 __%
____%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
High Side (R/D) + o - ____% Low Side (L/U) + o - ____%
High Side (R/D) + o - ____% Low Side (L/U) + o - ____%
High Side (R/D) + o - ____% Low Side (L/U) + o - ____%
%
HELI Model Data Recording Sheet - Page 59
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