1. FM Blue+ general device information

1. FM Blue+ general device information
GPS / GLONASS tracker
FM Blue+
User manual
Version 1.2
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Contents
1.
FM Blue+ general device information ............................................................................................ 3
1.1. Safety and legal information ........................................................................................................ 3
1.2. Description ................................................................................................................................... 3
1.3. Package......................................................................................................................................... 4
1.4. Technical specifications ............................................................................................................... 4
1.5. Physical properties ....................................................................................................................... 5
1.6. Pinout & diagnostic LEDs............................................................................................................ 7
1.6.1. Pinout .................................................................................................................................... 7
1.6.2. Diagnostic LEDs ................................................................................................................... 8
1.7. Installation .................................................................................................................................... 9
1.8. Configuration ............................................................................................................................. 10
1.9. Support ....................................................................................................................................... 10
1.10.
Document versions ................................................................................................................. 10
2. Annex 1. Installation instructions .................................................................................................. 11
3. Annex 2. Configuration manual .................................................................................................... 16
3.1. BCE Device Configuration Manager ......................................................................................... 16
3.1.1. Users and Dealers ............................................................................................................... 16
3.1.2. Devices and Retranslators ................................................................................................... 18
3.1.3. Firmware ............................................................................................................................. 22
3.1.4. XML settings ...................................................................................................................... 22
3.1.5. GSM operator groups .......................................................................................................... 24
3.1.6. Device logic ........................................................................................................................ 25
3.1.7. Function signals .................................................................................................................. 27
3.1.8. Functions ............................................................................................................................. 28
3.1.9. Configuration examples ...................................................................................................... 30
3.1.10.
Dataset7_Mask1 description table .................................................................................. 33
3.1.11.
Dataset7_Mask2 description table. FMS-CAN (J1939) ................................................. 34
3.1.12.
Dataset7_Mask3 description table .................................................................................. 36
4. Annex 3. Connecting additional sensors. Wiring diagrams ........................................................ 37
4.1. Volvo CAN-bus (using CAN H, CAN L and RS485) ................................................................... 37
4.2. Renault CAN-bus (using CAN H, CAN L and RS485) ................................................................ 38
4.3. LLS fuel sensor (one sensor, frequency mode) ............................................................................. 39
4.4. LLS fuel sensor (two sensors, frequency mode) ............................................................................ 40
4.5. LLS fuel sensor (one sensor, analog mode) ................................................................................... 41
4.6. LLS fuel sensor (two sensors, analog mode) ................................................................................. 42
4.7. LLS fuel sensor (EIA 485/ RS485)................................................................................................ 43
4.8. FM Blue – ADP CAN interconnection .......................................................................................... 45
4.9. iButton............................................................................................................................................ 47
4.10. 1-WIRE temperature sensor ......................................................................................................... 48
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1. FM Blue+ general device information
1.1.
Safety and legal information
Do not disassemble the device.
May interfere operation of adjacent electronic devices.
Device may be damaged by water and high humidity.
Installed by qualified professionals only.
Copyright © Baltic Car Equipment, Ltd. All rights reserved. Reproduction, transfer, distribution or
storage of part or all of the contents in this document in any form without prior written permission of
Baltic Car Equipment is strictly prohibited.
1.2.
Description
FM Blue+ is a device with GPS/Glonass and GSM connectivity, designed for object tracking. It is able
to acquire information on object location, speed, direction, etc. and transfer the data via GSM network.
Digital and analog inputs of the device may be used to connect different external sensors/devices.
Outputs of the device may be used to control external equipment remotely. FM Blue+ can read CANbus data from vehicles without additional adapters and has various CAN protocols integrated:

FMS CAN (protocol J1939)

Volvo/Renault (protocol J1708, without adapters)

OBDII (diagnostic protocol for light vehicles, SAE-1979)

CAN protocols for light vehicles
Flexible configuration allows users/dealers to adjust the device to meet their specific requirements. All
device settings and firmwares are updated remotely via GPRS. It is possible to create setting templates
for groups of vehicles, use mass updates and create unique device operation logic, fulfilling
requirements of most cases on the market.
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1.3.
Package
FM Blue+ is shipped to a customer in a cardboard box and contains all required components for
operation*. Package contents:
1. FM Blue+ device (control unit)
2. External GPS antenna
3. External GSM antenna
4. Wires + 1A fuse
Note. SIM card is not included, but is necessary to operate the device. Contact your local GSM operator
to purchase a SIM card. BCE recommends an M2M SIM card for best performance and reliability.
1.4.
Technical specifications
Table 1. FM Blue+ technical specifications
Interfaces
4 digital inputs
3 x ADC:
1 x ADC: 0..16 V, 11 bit
2 x ADC: 0..36 V, 11 bit
2 digital outputs
CAN data interfaces:
FMS CAN (J1939)
Volvo/Renault (protocol J1708, without adapters)
OBDII (diagnostic protocol for light vehicles, SAE-1979)
CAN protocols for light vehicles
1-WIRE
RS-232/RS485
GSM
Telit GE865 Quad
GSM/GPRS protocol stack
3 GPP Release 4 compliant
Sensitivity:
<-107 dBm @ 850 / 900 MHz
<-106 dBm @ 1800 / 1900 MHz
GPRS class 10 (up to 85.6 kbps), class B
Jamming detection
Internal memory
4 Mb, up to 150.000 entries
Accelerometer: LIS33DE
GPS / GLONASS
U-blox / Telit
A-GPS support
Precision: Position: 2.5m CEP
Take off time:
1 second „hot start“ in the open air
< 30 seconds warm start in the open air (average)
30 seconds cold start in the open air (average)
Sensitivity:
-148dBm cold start
-162dBm tracking
Physical properties
Dimensions (HxWxD): 26 x 80 x 55 mm
Weight: approximately. 73 g
Operating temperature range
Operation / Storage: -40 Cº to +85 Cº
Electrical properties
Operation’s flow:
Active Mode: at 12V - < 50mA
Sleep Mode: at 12V - < 8mA
6 – 34V operating voltage, min 10V to start
Protection from impulses up to 120V
Power cut-off registration to the event log
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1.5.
Physical properties
7
9
1
1
TOP
SIDE
5
8
3
6
4
2
2
Fig. 1. FM Blue+ front view.
Note. To insert a SIM card, loosen device mounting screws at the bottom of the device.
Table 1. FM Blue+ components
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Short description
Mounting screws place
Device box mounting screws
Device and GPS status LED
GSM status LED
GPS antenna socket (blue)
GSM antenna socket (purple)
IMEI and hardware ID sticker
SIM card
Socket 2x8 pins
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3
3,5
80
19
7
55
10
7,5
5
101
6
26
Fig. 2. FM Blue+ dimensions
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1.6.
Pinout & diagnostic LEDs
1.6.1. Pinout
EIA485 (A)
Green
RS23 (TX)
Purple
CAN LOW
Orange
1-Wire
Yellow
IN2/ADC4
Green/ black
IN3/OUT1
Purple/black
IN4
Blue/black
IN5
Grey/black
EIA485 (B)
Green/black
RS232 (RX)
Blue
CAN HIGH
Orange/black
ADC5
Grey
ADC3/OUT2
White
EXT BAT/ADC6
Brown
BATTERY +
Red
GROUND
Black
Fig. 3. FM Blue+ pinout and cable colors.
Electrical properties of the device are shown in Table 2.
Table 2. FM Blue+ electrical properties.
ADC Power supply multiplier (adc2)
0.025V
+-1.5%
ADC 11bit
ADC 3 multiplier (adc3)
0.01V
+-1.5%
ADC 11bit
max 20V
ADC4 multiplier (adc4)
0.0205V
+-1.5%
ADC 11bit
max 40V
ADC5 multiplier (adc5)
0.0205V
+-1.5%
ADC 11bit
max 40V
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ADC EXTBAT multiplier (adc6)
0.0205V
+-1.5%
ADC 11bit
max 40V
EXT BAT OUT (+)
13.5V regulated 1.5A limited
OUT1 (-)
1.7A
OUT2 (-)
1.7A
Power supply, min start up voltage
10V
Power supply, min operating voltage after start up
6V
Power supply, stage1
30V
Clamping voltage
clamping type
34V
varistor
IN2,IN3,IN4,IN5
Max measuring frequency, accuracy
3Khz,
+/-1Hz
IN2, IN3, IN4, IN5
voltage threshold
4.7V, +/-3%
1.6.2. Diagnostic LEDs
FM Blue+ has two indication LEDs – for GPS and GSM modem status. LEDs start flashing only if IN5
digital input is connected to battery +.
Fig 4. LED flash signal. Example.
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Table 3. Short flash meaning. GPS status.
Short flashes count
Meaning
1
No GPS signal
2
Poor precision. HDOP>1.5
3
3 satellites locked. HDOP<1.5
…
...
12
12 satellites locked. HDOP<1.5
Table 4. Long flash meaning. GSM modem status.
Long flashes
count
Meaning
1
Modem connected to server, Modem connected to Internet, Modem GPRS registered,
Modem GSM registered, Modem SIM card ok, Modem turned on
2
Modem connected to Internet, Modem GPRS registered, Modem GSM registered,
Modem SIM card ok, Modem turned on
3
Modem GPRS registered, Modem GSM registered, Modem SIM card ok, Modem turned
on
4
Modem GSM registered, Modem SIM card ok, Modem turned on
5
Modem SIM card ok, Modem turned on
6
Modem turned on
7
Device started
1.7.
Installation
FM Blue+ is installed where risk of mechanical damage, high humidity and extreme heat is low. Device
is mounted stable to vehicle body, therefore ensuring correct operation of the internal accelerometer.
Complete installation manual is available as Annex 1.
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1.8.
Configuration
FM Blue+ is meant to be operated through a configuration/retranslation server, where dealers/users can
configure their devices to fulfill specific requirements. Configuration manual is available as Annex 2.
1.9.
Support
FM Blue+ is built to be a reliable, stable and easy to install device. Please read and follow provided
installation and operating instructions carefully. However, if you encounter difficulties while installing
or using this product, technical support is available and may be reached by e-mail support@bce.lt.
1.10. Document versions
Table 5. Document versions
Version
Date
1.0
2012.03.20
1.1
2012.11.09
1.2
2013.06.05
Changes
Document created.
Updated configuration description, added LLS connection
Updated configuration description, various sensor connection
wiring diagrams added.
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2. Annex 1. Installation instructions
List of suitable vehicles
FM Blue+ is intended for all vehicles with petrol or diesel engines, where negative pole is body of
the vehicle. Device must be connected to the vehicle battery, ensuring constant power supply even if the
engine is not working and ignition is off.
When active, FM Blue+ uses a small amount of direct current (DC) – less than 50 mA at 12V. It can
be mounted in 12 V or 24 V vehicles.
Standby mode
This is a mode of the device when the vehicle ignition is turned off, and there are no active alarms. In
this mode, the GPS receiver is switched off in the control unit (in order to reduce power consumption)
and communication with the server intervals are increased. Device switches to active mode if
programmed trigger is detected (for example accelerometer signal).
Active mode
This is a mode when ignition is on, or when any programmed trigger is active. In this mode, GPS
receiver is enabled in the central unit and connection with the server is carried out more frequently.
After ignition is switched off, the central unit remains active for another 10 minutes.

Free configuration of data dispatch frequency is possible.

During the data transfer (GSM / GPRS communications), short-term increase in current
consumption of up to 100 mA is possible.

Power-line (primary or back up battery) has to be connected via 1A fuses.
Basic instructions before beginning the installation
Quality of connections, location of the device and its’ antennas, etc. play a significant role on
accurate operation of the system. Below are some tips and rules for correct installation to attain
professional quality and ensure maximum efficiency of the device.
Location for central unit installation
Central unit should be hidden in a difficult to access location to prevent unwanted interference by
unauthorized persons. Small size and flat body makes it easy to do and allows use of small gaps for
installation.
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The device must be fixed in the vehicle in position where connectors are oriented to the ground. This
will prevent moisture condensation inside the unit.
Electrical connections
Control unit must be powered by continuous voltage. When starting the engine, voltage can not fall
below 8 V. It is desirable that power supply for the device is connected to the factory cable led from
battery terminals. This allows operation of the unit despite of failure of any vehicle fuses.
Mechanical connections
To highest possible extent, cavities in the vehicle should be used for wiring. If you need to make a
new hole, it must be protected against corrosion appropriately!
Wiring connection must be made by brazing, and not merely mechanical wire connection. It is
especially important to protect the connections with insulation for high-resistance atmospheric
conditions. Do not use insulation with unknown resistance parameters.
Efforts should be made to tie the new wiring into the car's standard wiring bales.
Installation of central unit
Steps to install central unit:

Insert a SIM card into the device;

Install GSM and GPS antennas;

Install central unit;

Connect power supply;

Connect array;

Connect ignition wire to a digital input (usually IN5);

Connect other devices (optional).
SIM card
SIM card must be inserted into the device before starting installation. The device must be turned off
when inserting SIM card. Before inserting the SIM card, make sure you have activated GPRS
connection, the card’s PIN code must be disabled.
If the vehicle is travelling to foreign countries, roaming service must be activated for the SIM card.
The SIM card and phone number must be checked and clearly marked on the installation certificate of
the device.
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IMPORTANT! Before inserting a SIM card, do not forget to disable PIN code. Otherwise, the device
will not work, and the SIM card will be blocked.
GPS antenna installation
GPS antenna is the main element responsible for vehicle positioning accuracy and quality. To ensure
best possible GPS signal reception and evaluating GPS signal character, there are strict requirements for
correct installation of GPS antenna:

The accordingly marked side of the antenna must be invariably directed to the sky (sticky side
facing ground). The antenna must be oriented horizontally (not at an angle) and oriented with the
corresponding side towards the top.

The antenna should not be covered with metal sheet or reinforced glass. In vehicles with standard
glass (e.g., without built-in heating elements), antennas can be mounted on panels or under its
lining at the windscreen. The antenna must have open view to the sky, unimpeded with
windowsills or other metallic elements.

In vehicles where it is not possible to place the antenna under the windscreen (vertical
windscreen, armored glass), the antenna can be installed in the vehicle’s bumper or in other
element that ensures the free access to the sky.

The installed antenna should be hidden and not visible.

Fixing of the antenna must be stable and immobile, providing for the installation durability. It is
necessary to take into account events, which may lead to loss of antenna’s stability, to select the
mounting location and methods that would allow to avoid these factors. Antenna’s position
changes are not permitted, because it may result in loss of appropriate antenna’s orientation.

Cable to the GPS antenna must be as short as possible, and avoid areas with high electromagnetic
interferences. Arbitrary lengthening or shortening of the cable is not allowed. The wire surplus
should be twisted into a circle with a radius larger than 10 cm. The cable must not be bent, or
twisted at tight angles. GPS antenna cable must not be laid in parallel to GSM antenna cable, also
the two cables cannot be twisted together.
GSM antenna installation
GSM antenna is responsible for transfer of collected data and connection with central server. Good
antenna’s performance is the key element in obtaining information from the device.
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GSM antenna does not require orientation to open sky; however you should be aware that metal
elements weaken the GSM signal.
GSM antenna must be installed in more than 40 cm away from the control unit, as well as from other
electronic devices. It is also necessary to take into account the emission of the antenna’s high frequency
radio waves, which may interfere with operation of electronic devices.
In case antenna is difficult to place in the cabin (strong GSM signal suppression), it may be installed
in any other element allowing the reception of the GSM signal. As for GPS antenna, GSM antenna
should be hidden from outside observers.
Device installation
Central unit is only mounted in inside of the vehicle, it can not be installed in the engine chamber,
next to the cabin, or in the area of exposure to direct external conditions. Central unit must be hidden
(for example, under the upholstery), as well as protected from moisture exposure. Device must be
fastened in a stable position to avoid random twitches and displacements (suspension on cables is
strictly prohibited). Central unit must be mounted horizontally. Precise orientation is of particular
importance to flawless operation of the system, since the device is equipped with acceleration sensors
recording the data which directly affects the results obtained. Pinout and cable colors are shown in
figure 1.
EIA485 (A)
Green
RS23 (TX)
Purple
CAN LOW
Orange
1-Wire
Yellow
IN2/ADC4
Green/ black
IN3/OUT1
Purple/black
IN4
Blue/black
IN5
Grey/black
EIA485 (B)
Green/black
RS232 (RX)
Blue
CAN HIGH
Orange/black
ADC5
Grey
ADC3/OUT2
White
EXT BAT/ADC6
Brown
BATTERY +
Red
GROUND
Black
Annex 1. Fig. 1. FM Blue+ pinout.
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Power supply
Power supply of central unit has to be connected directly from the vehicle’s battery, using 1A fuse.
IMPORTANT! Power supply may be connected to the central unit only after connecting GSM and
GPS antennas! When disconnecting the device, you must first turn off the power supply, and only then
disconnect the antennas!
Ground wire
Ground wire should be connected to the vehicle body. A reliable electrical contact with the body
must be ensured, wire has to be bolted.
Ignition input (combustion lock status)
Connect a wire of the vehicle where voltage is present only when ignition is activated to IN5.
Universal digital inputs (optional)
Universal Digital inputs (IN2; IN3; IN4; IN5) are intended to collect data from remote devices.
Analog inputs (optional)
Analog inputs are intended to collect data from remote devices by measuring voltage. ADC3 range 020V; ADC4, ADC5, ADC6 range 0-40V.
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3. Annex 2. Configuration manual
3.1.
BCE Device Configuration Manager
BCE Configuration Manager is a web based service for adding new devices, changing device
settings, firmware, operators, creating retranslations and more. This service allows you to configure
and manage your devices remotely.
You may access it at http://fmset.eu if you have an account. Once you log in to the website,
home screen will appear. In this page you can find useful information about Baltic Car Equipment
products:





User manuals
Hardware revision code description and pinout
Event meaning list
Status LED flash meaning
Master SIM card
BCE configuration manager includes the following tabs:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Home
Users
Dealers
Devices
Firmwares
GSM operator groups
XML settings
Device logs
Audit info (for administrators only)
3.1.1. Users and Dealers
Each dealer has a user account and can control all his devices via BCE Device Configuration
Manager.
You may create new user accounts. The fields which are marked red must be filled (user ID,
password, role), other fields are optional (see Picture 2). A dealer must be assigned to every user. It
should be created in dealers tab first.
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Picture1. User creation window
Dealer is necessary for proper device management in the configuration system. Your dealer and
user will be created by Baltic Car Equipment team, when you start using configuration manager. If
the dealer has a network of dealers, he can control the sub-dealers and their devices. While creating a
dealer, your dealers name will be filled automatically in “parent dealer” field. Quantity of sub
dealers is not limited.
Picture2. Dealer creation window
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After creating the devices you can change the dealer for one or a group of them. In the “Devices”
tab select the devices you want to change the dealer for, click “Transfer selected devices”, select the
dealer you need and click “Transfer”.
3.1.2. Devices and Retranslators
In the ”Devices” tab you can change mane device parameters and see its status.
First step is creating new device. Select hardware version (M version) and press next.
Device settings window will appear (Picture3). Fill in the required fields:
1. IMEI number. It is printed on the device
2. Operator group. It is optional. Will be explained with details in chapter 6.
3. Preferred firmware. Will be explained with details in chapter 6
4. XML settings. Will be explained with details in chapter 6
5. Notes. Optional, usually hardware version filled.
6. Phone number. Telephone number of the SIM card inserted in the device.
7. Server settings
7.1. Host. Filled in automatically. Server IP or domain name.
7.2. Port. Filled in automatically
7.3. APN name. Must be provided by your operator
7.4. APN user. Must be provided by your operator. Often left “blank”.
7.5. APN password. Must be provided by your operator. Often left “blank”.
7.6. Service1 number. Telephone number to which device could send a message with its status.
7.7. Service2 number. Telephone number to which device could send a message with its status.
8. 1st custom value. Additional settings field.
9. 2nd custom value. Additional settings field.
Picture 3. New device
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Picture 4. Device settings
If you are creating many devices with same parameters, you can save one device as a template
(put a tick in a checkbox “Template”, picture4). Choose it from the “Template devices” (Picture3), it
will be in a drop box list sorted by IMEI.
Once device is created you can easily find it by entering one or few search parameters.
There are few more useful functions in devices tab. When you generate a list of devices, on the
left side of the IMEI you will see two symbols and a checkbox (Picture5.)
Picture5.
The checkbox is used for device transfer to another dealer (sub-dealer), or mass device update.
This means you can update many devices at once and update more than one parameter at a time.
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The upper symbol is used to monitor device status (Picture6.)
Picture6. device state
As we can see, main parameters are represented in this picture: IMEI; position time; coordinates;
satellites count; HDOP; Input time and status (active/inactive); XML settings state; firmware state; last
activity. This function is very convenient when you want to check device state fast and help with device
surveillance.
The lower button (Picture5.) will open device logs in new window (Picture7.).
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Picture7. Device logs
IMEI is picked automatically, you just need to choose period for which you want to see device
logs and hit search button. Logs are represented in a code and has an explanation. These logs let our
team to identify and solve various problems, which are related to our device or operator service.
Note. Only most important events are described in the logs.
Retranslators
For proper data sending to tracking platform, retranslator must be created (Picture8). Retranslator
type should be set and server address and port entered, f.e.:
Retranslator type – Wialon IPS
Server address – 193.193.165.165:20482
Picture 8. Retranslators
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At the moment retranslator supports following protocols:
 FM Codec 8
 GPS Gate BCE generic
 Wialon IPS
3.1.3. Firmware
Firmware is the combination of persistent memory and program code and data stored in it. It
provides the control program for the device.
Firmwares are created and uploaded by BCE team. They are sorted by device version.
KB – 4th hardware version
LB – 4.5 hardware version
MB – 5th hardware version
You can see in the notes what updates were made in specific firmware.
Picture 9. Firmware list example
3.1.4. XML settings
XML settings may be uploaded to the device and used to tune it for the best performance and
requirements of your system. You will find several prepared settings created by Baltic Car
Equipment team. However, you may create settings that meet your specific needs. After the settings
are ready just upload them to the devices.
XML settings template must be created and assigned to a device. It helps you control your
devices:

Enable/disable preferred parameters

Set data fix and data send periods

Control physical and virtual inputs/outputs

Set internal functions (TIMER1, TIMER2)

Configure EIA485, RS232, 1-WIRE communication bus
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XML settings template includes many functions and signal conditions, which makes device
widely adaptable and allows you to obtain high functionality. Main steps of settings creation are
represented in Picture 10.
Picture 10. XML set up scheme
New XML settings
Picture 11. New XML settings main window
In the first window you must set up primary parameters: a) Name; b) Device version (optional); c)
Notes (optional); d) Dealer
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3.1.5. GSM operator groups
GSM operator group is used for more accurate device connection to operators. By setting up a
group, you point device to connect to preferred operator from the list. There are two possibilities:
1. Create and assign operator group to device. When starting new operator search device will first
try to connect to operator from the list, but if preferred operator is not available, device will
connect to any other operator visible in that area.
2. Create and assign operator group to device, as well as set up function “2.1
F_InternetConnection” with value “Permit” only when preferred operator active. This way
device won’t connect to internet if connected to a non preferred operator.
As you can see in picture9, you need to fill in groups name, set up a dealer, fill in some notes if
needed and enter preferred operators codes. Code consists of five digits, first three digits stands for
mcc (mobile country code), it depends on the country. Last two digits stands for mnc (mobile
network code), it defines specific operator.
Picture 12. Operators group example
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3.1.6. Device logic
When pressed “logic”, functions list will appear. By pressing “plus” symbol in the left side of
the functions name, you will add parameters to every function. Parameters quantity is unlimited. As
you can see in Picture 13, parameters are represented in a code. This code refers to parameters value
and its signal condition.
Picture 13. Logic template example
When you add a parameter, second step is to set its value and pick signal conditions (if needed).
There are three possible conditions:
a) Present
b) Not present
c) Don’t care
In the example below (Picture 14) you can see internet connection configuration. Value is set to
“permit” if specific conditions are met (device is not in roaming network; IN1 – motion is detected;
IN5 is detected).
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Picture 14. Functions parameter
There are three possible value formats: a) drop box; b) check box; c) numeric value; d) Time
interval (made specifically for “TIMER1” function).
All signal conditions and all functions are described in Table1 and Table2.
Once settings are created, you can easily find them using search tool. Two search filters are
available: a) Name; b) Dealer;
In order to avoid the creation of settings from the beginning copy function was added. Open
already created settings - “Duplicate” button will appear. This way you will be able to create many
setting templates in a short time.
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3.1.7. Function signals
Signal name
Signal description
Reset
Modem on
IN1 – motion
IN6
Reserved
Turn on temporarily after the system is restarted to indicate the event
Modem of the device is enabled
Virtual input, used for motion detection
Virtual programmable input
Reserved for future
System time registered
The device has turned UTC time internally from GPS or internet
Reserved
Reserved for future
GPS signal does not meet the minimum requirements according to
“F_GpsQualityMaxHdop” and “F_GpsQualityMinSat”
GSM/DCS jammer is detected and it is disturbing normal use of
GSM/DCS service
Device is registered to a roaming network
Device is registered to any network
Device is registered to GPRS data services
Device is connected to internet
Device is registered to an operator from the preferred list
GPS speed detection over 10km/h
SIM card is inserted and PIN code removed
Physical – digital input
Physical – digital input
Physical – digital input
Physical – digital input
Virtual input, battery charging detected
Virtual programmable input
Every hour for 10 minutes period
Every six hours for 10 minutes period
There is more data in stack than allowed
Voice call detected, settings locked for 30 minutes
Data call detected, settings locked for 30 minutes
General first static signal
General second static signal
Special structure for internal timer signal
“Dallas key” detected
Special structure for internal timer signal
Poor GPS signal
GSM jamming
Roaming
GSM registered
GPRS registered
Internet active
Preferred operator active
GPS speed present
SIM card ok
IN2
IN3
IN4
IN5
IN7 – engine on
IN8
One hour tick
Six hour tick
Stack size threshold reached
Voice call
Data call
Static signal1
Static signal2
Timer1
IbuttonPresent
Reserved
Table1. Signal descriptions
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3.1.8. Functions
Functions name
1.1 F_ModemPower
1.2 F_GpsPower
2.1 F_InternetConnection
2.2 F_ServerConnection
2.3 F_DataSendPeriod
2.4 F_DataSendOnInputsChange
2.5 F_BroadcastMessagesPeriod
3.1 F_GpsQualityMaxHdop
3.2 F_GpsQualityMinSat
3.3 F_GpsReadPeriod
3.4 F_MaxTimeBetweenTwoGpsPoints
3.5 F_GpsCourseChangeFix
3.6 F_GpsSpeedChangeFix
3.7 F_InputsChangeFix
4.1 F_Dataset7_Mask1
4.2 F_Dataset7_Mask2
4.3 F_Dataset7_Mask3
5.1 F_GeneralBitConfig
5.2 F_VibrationThreshold
5.3 F_NotDeliveredDataThreshold
5.4 F_In8VoltageThreshold
Description/value expression
GSM modem power mode (on/off)
GPS device power mode (on/sleep)
Create new internet connection (PDP context*), [permit/ban]
Controls connection to server (connect/disconnect after 10
minutes)
Period in which data is sent to server (automatic/custom)
Mask of inputs which may generate data transmission
without waiting period timeout (tick a check-box to select
desired input)
Reserved. Will be able in near future
Maximum HDOP* of position to accept it to read
(Recommended value – 35)
Minimum satellites count for acceptance to read it
Period in which coordinates are read from GPS and put to
internal track filter (never/value=seconds)
Maximum time between two fixed points
(never/value=seconds)
Minimum course change for device to fixate it (value
expressed in degrees)
Fixation of vehicles speed difference from the last set value
(expressed in km/h)
Registers change of selected input state (tick a check-box to
select desired input)
Selected data will be included into the data packet (see
annex 1)
Selected FMS-CAN (J1939)* data will be included into the
data packet (see annex 2)
Selected data will be included into the data packet (see
annex 3)
General bit configuration (tick a check-box to select desired
function)
Vibration (IN1) threshold (if value > selected threshold,
IN1-motion=1). Used for detecting motion, recommended
value - 200
Stack size threshold to generate signal “Stack size threshold
reached”. Value expressed in bytes.
Power supply voltage threshold. Expressed in volts (if value
> threshold, IN8=1)
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5.5 F_In6VoltageThreshold
5.6 F_FrequencyCounterSelect
5.7 F_CanFunctionSelect
5.8 F_EIA485FunctionSelect
5.9 F_RS232FunctionSelect
5.a F_NewConectionsToInternetLimiter
5.b F_Timer1
5.c F_Timer1_GMT
5.d F_Timer2_Control
5.e F_Timer2_Threshold
5.f F_OUT1_Control
5.g F_OUT2_Control
6.1 F_Dataset1_Timeout
6.2 F_Dataset2_Timeout
6.3 F_Dataset3_Timeout
6.4 F_Dataset4_Timeout
6.5 F_Dataset51_Timeout
6.6 F_Dataset8_Timeout
6.7 F_Sms_TrigerMaskRising
6.8 F_Sms_TrigerMask_Faling
6.9 F_Sms_NextSmsTimeout
6.a F_Sms_MaxSmsPerHour
Reserved_43…..Reserved_63
ADC3 voltage threshold. Expressed in volts (if value >
threshold, IN6=1)
Input mask for counter – frequency mode (tick a check-box
to select desired input mode). Used for sensors, to work in
counter or frequency mode
Selects CAN function. Enables CAN bus reading. Possible
values: J1939-FMS; J1939 OBDII*; FMS ACK; FMS
request;
RS485* function select. Enables RS485 input reading. Used
for LLS*sensors and J1708*
Reserved. Will be able in near future.
Limits next possible connection to internet (value expressed
in seconds)
Special structure for internal timer signal
Used to set GMT value.
Special structure for internal timer signal
Time threshold expressed in seconds. Used with 5.d function
Function for OUT1 output control. Works in three modes:
off1 – output disabled, but can be controlled with GPRS
commands; on (minus) – enabled; off2 – disabled;
Function for OUT2 output control. Works in three modes:
off1 – output disabled, but can be controlled with GPRS
commands; on (minus) – enabled; off2 – disabled;
Not used for wialon
Not used for wialon
Not used for wialon
Not used for wialon
Not used for wialon
Not used for wialon
Sms mask value. Sending sms when changing from 0 to 1
(tick a check-box to select desired input)
Sms mask value. Sending sms when changing from 1 to 0
(tick a check-box to select desired input)
Next sms timeout. Expressed in seconds
Maximum sms per hour
Reserved for future
Table2. Function descriptions
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
HDOP – horizontal dilution of precision. This gives an indication of precision of the
position fix from GPS, based on the satellites it is currently using and its geometry.

PDP context – packet data protocol context is a term used in the mobile wireless network
indicating a logical association between an MS (mobile station) and PDN (Public data
network) running across a GPRS network. The context defines aspects such as routing,
qos (quality of service), security, billing etc.

FMS-CAN (J1939) – “fleet management systems” interface is a standard interface to
vehicle data of commercial vehicles. J1939 is a vehicle bus standard used for
communication and diagnostics among vehicle components.

OBD-II – on board diagnostics, is an automotive term, referring to a vehicles selfdiagnostic and reporting capability. The OBD-II standard specifies the type of diagnostic
connector and its pinout, the electrical signaling protocols available, and the messaging
format.

EIA-485, also known as TIA/EIA-485 or RS-485, is a standard defining the electrical
characteristics of drivers and receivers for use in balanced digital multipoint systems.

J1708 - standard used for serial communications between ECU (Electronic control unit)
on a heavy duty vehicle and also between a computer and a vehicle.

LLS – Liquid level sensor
3.1.9. Configuration examples
5.1 F_GeneralBitConfig includes two functions:
a) Battery charge
b) Odometer
By ticking odometer checkbox, you enable/disable internal odometer, which is represented in device
messages and can be used as mileage counter. Internal odometer was calibrated by our engineers on a
referenced road and had a deflection of 0.2%.
Battery charge function is needed when external battery is used. When function is enabled, PLUS
[+] signal is generated on the “EXT BAT” output. It is advisable to assign IN5 (ignition) condition to
this function, that external battery would be charged only when vehicles engine is working.
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5.3 F_NotDeliveredDataThreshold. Generates signal – stack size threshold reached. You can use this
signal in any other function. Just set the limit of bytes and change condition of your preferred function
(1. Not present; 2. Present).
Example:
Set the limit of threshold (10000 bytes). Select function 1.1 F_InternetConnection. Change signal (stack
size threshold reached) condition to – “present” (picture4). Result: device connects to internet only when
data limit in internal memory is reached.
5.7 F_CanFunctionSelect. Used for vehicles with CAN bus interface. Select the value from the list
depending on protocol which is used in your vehicle.
Example:
J1939 FMS – message protocol for bus, truck and trailer market. Working without requests.
J1939 FMS Request – reading J1939 messages only with requests.
J1979 OBD II (On board diagnostics) – standard, that specifies the type of diagnostic connector and its
pinout, the electrical signaling protocols available and the messaging format. Uses J1979 protocol.
J1939 FMS ACK – similar to other J1939 protocols, just makes confirmations for successfully
transmitted data.
5.8 F_EIA485FunctionSelect. This function lets you control RS485 interface. It can be used for LLS
sensor connection (up to 4 sensors), and Volvo/Renault CAN bus reading.
If you use LLS sensors, select value – “LLS sensor reading” ( 4.3 F_DataSet7_Mask3 functions
parameters – “LLS group1” and “LLS group2” must be enabled).
“J1708 No FMS gateway” is used for vehicles without gateway, reading with requests. “J1708 FMS
gateway reads CAN bus without requests.
5.b F_Timer1 function generates signal “Timer1”, which you can use in any other function as its
condition. As you can see in the function window, you can pick “work days” – days, when signal will be
active, “Signal on time” – at this specific time signal is activated, “Signal off time” – at this specific
time signal is deactivated.
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This function could be convenient for clients, whose vehicles work at specific days and hours. Just
set the time and change signal condition in preferred functions (f.e. 2.1 F_InternetConnection or 2.2
F_ServerConnection).
Function 5.c F_Timer1_GMT is used jointly for setting your time zone.
5.d F_Timer2_Control and 5.e F_Timer2_Threshold forms another set of programmable timer. Timer2
signal is generated and can be chosen from conditions list. Timer2_Control has the following values:
a) Pause
b) Time increment
c) Time decrement
d) Reset to 0
e) Value at 60 sec.
f) Value at 60 min.
Time increment – time increases every one second.
Time decrement – time decreases every one second.
Reset to 0 – timer is reset to 0.
Value at 60 sec. – timer set for 60 seconds.
Value at 60 min. – timer set for 60 minutes.
Timer2_Threshold – is a limit expressed in seconds. Just set desirable threshold, pick a value in
Timer2_Control and Timer2 signal is ready to use.
Example. Threshold is set to 40 seconds, value set at 60 seconds (when ibutton present), time
decrement (when ibutton not present). It means that when device reads ibutton, timer is set for 60
seconds, user pulls back ibutton – time starts to decrement until reaches 40 seconds limit, then signal is
deactivated. Signal is active for 20 seconds, you can use this time to control other preferred function (f.e.
OUT1).
In this example three functions was combined. Often it will be used for complex operations.
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3.1.10. Dataset7_Mask1 description table
Parameter
Coordinates
Digital inputs
ADC1
ADC2
ADC3
ADC4
ADC5
ADC6
ADC7
ADC8
c1,c2
c3,c4
LVL1
LVL2
GSM info
Description
This parameter includes:
Longitude
HDOP
Latitude
Course
Speed
Altitude
Satellites
Odometer
IN1 – IN16. Control of physical and virtual digital inputs.
Board voltage. Shown as adc12 in wialon
Analog input. Physically shares same pin with OUT2.
Analog input. Physically shares same pin with IN2
Analog input
Analog input. Physically shares same pin with external battery
connection.
Analog input
Analog input
Counter/Frequency parameters group. Represents IN2, IN3 inputs.
Counter/Frequency parameters group. Represents IN4, IN5 inputs.
Used for analog sensors connection. Represents ADC3 input. Shows
approximated value.
Used for analog sensors connection. Represents ADC4 input. Shows
approximated value.
This parameter includes:
mcc (mobile country code)
mnc (mobile network code)
lac (local area code)
cell_id (ID of station to which device is connected at the moment)
gsm_lvl (strength of GSM signal [dBm])
ta (distance to nearest station)
Table3. Dataset
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3.1.11. Dataset7_Mask2 description table. FMS-CAN (J1939)
Parameter
Wheel speed
Acceleration pedal
Total fuel
Fuel level sensor
Tachometer
Engine hours
Mileage
Engine temp.
Fuel level[2]
Engine load
Service distance
TCO1*
Air temp.
Driver ID
Fuel rate
Description
Speed of the vehicle as calculated from wheel or tail-shaft speed.
The ratio of actual position of the analogue engine speed/torque
request input device to the maximum position of the input device.
Accumulated amount of fuel used during vehicle operation.
Ratio of volume of fuel to the total volume of fuel storage container.
Engine speed
Accumulated time of operation of engine.
Distance travelled.
Temperature of liquid found in engine cooling system.
When Fuel Level 2 is used, Fuel Level 1 represents the fuel level in
the primary or left-side fuel storage container.
Engine percent load at current speed
The distance which can be travelled by the vehicle before the next
service inspection is required.
This parameter includes:
Driver1 working state
Driver2 working state
Vehicle motion
System event
Driver1 time related
Driver2 time related status
status
Driver1 card
Driver2 card
Handling information
Tachograph performance
Tachograph vehicle
Direction indicator
speed
Vehicle overspeed
Reserved
Temperature of air surrounding vehicle.
Driver identification. The driver ID is only available if a digital
tachograph is present
Amount of fuel consumed by engine per unit of time
Table4. Dataset
TCO1 – Tachograph

Vehicle motion – indicates whether motion of the vehicle is detected or not.

Vehicle overspeed – indicates whether the vehicle is exceeding the legal speed limit set in the
tachograph.

Driver card – indicates the presence of a driver card.

Driver time related status – indicates if the driver approaches or exceeds working time limits
(or other limits).
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
Direction indicator – indicates the direction of the vehicle.

Tachograph performance – indicates the tachograph performance; including electronic or
mechanical analysis, instrument analysis, speed sensor analysis, mass storage analysis and
printer analysis.

Handling information – indicates that handling information is present.

System event – indicates that a tachograph event has occurred. This may include power
supply interruption, interruption of the speed sensor, incorrect data on the driver card, driving
without a driving card, illegal removal of a driver card, insertion of a driver card during
driving, and time adjustment.
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3.1.12. Dataset7_Mask3 description table
Parameter
J1939 fuel economy
J1939 fuel consumption
J1939 axle weight
J1939 mil status
J1939 DTC1-10
CarInPhone
1-Wire ID
1-Wire Temp
1-Wire Humidity
LLS Group1
LLS Group2
J1979 Group1
J1979 DTC1-10
J1708 Group1
Driving quality matrix
Table5. Dataset
Description
Current fuel economy at current vehicle velocity
Accumulated amount of fuel used during vehicle operation. High
resolution used for calculations and fleet management systems.
Total mass imposed by the tires on the road surface at the specified axle.
malfunction light
Not used yet
This parameter includes:
Armed
Locked
Drivers front door
Drivers back door
Passengers front door
Passengers back door
Bonnet
Trunk
Alarm
Shock sensor
External
Tilt sensor
Original alarm
Ignition
Service
Ignore
Connection for i-button
Connection for temperature sensor
Connection for humidity sensor
LLS sensor parameters
LLS sensor parameters
This parameter includes:
Malfunction indicator lamp
calculated engine load value
Engine coolant temperature
Fuel pressure
Short term fuel trim bank1
Long term fuel trim bank1
Short term fuel trim bank2
Long term fuel trim bank2
Intake manifold absolute pressure
Engine RPM
(MAP)
Vehicle speed
Intake air temperature
MAF (mass air flow) air flow rate
Throttle position
Fuel level input
Fuel rail pressure
Not used yet
This parameter includes:
Engine hours
Total fuel used
Fuel level
Not used yet
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4. Annex 3. Connecting additional sensors. Wiring diagrams
4.1. Volvo CAN-bus (using CAN H, CAN L and RS485)
Picture 1. FM Blue connection to Volvo CAN bus
Table1. Short description table
No.
Description
1
GPS antenna socket (blue)
2
GSM antenna socket (purple)
3
GSM and GPS status LED
4
Socket 2x8 pins
5
Socket 2x8 pins (No. 4) with each pins name
6
Volvo CAN bus
7
Wires which connects to vehicle
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4.2. Renault CAN-bus (using CAN H, CAN L and RS485)
Picture2. FM Blue connection to Renault CAN bus
Table2. Short description table
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Description
GPS antenna socket (blue)
GSM antenna socket (purple)
GSM and GPS status LED
Socket 2x8 pins
Socket 2x8 pins (No. 4) with each pins name
Renault CAN bus
Wires which connects to vehicle
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4.3. LLS fuel sensor (one sensor, frequency mode)
Picture3. FM Blue – LLS interconnection
Table3. Short description table
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Description
GPS antenna socket (blue)
GSM antenna socket (purple)
GSM and GPS status LED
Socket 2x8 pins
Socket 2x8 pins (No. 4) with each pins name
LLS fuel sensor
Wires which connects to vehicle
Note. When using frequency mode digital inputs must be enabled.
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4.4. LLS fuel sensor (two sensors, frequency mode)
Picture4. FM Blue – LLS interconnection
Table4. Short description table
No.
Description
1
GPS antenna socket (blue)
2
GSM antenna socket (purple)
3
GSM and GPS status LED
4
Socket 2x8 pins
5
Socket 2x8 pins (No. 4) with each pins name
6
LLS fuel sensor
7
Wires which connects to vehicle
Note. When using frequency mode digital inputs must be enabled.
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4.5. LLS fuel sensor (one sensor, analog mode)
Picture5. FM Blue – LLS interconnection
Table5. Short description table
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Description
GPS antenna socket (blue)
GSM antenna socket (purple)
GSM and GPS status LED
Socket 2x8 pins
Socket 2x8 pins (No. 4) with each pins name
LLS fuel sensor
Wires which connects to vehicle
Note. When using analog mode, analog inputs must be enabled (ADC4 –LVL2).
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4.6. LLS fuel sensor (two sensors, analog mode)
Picture6. FM Blue – LLS interconnection
Table6. Short description table
No.
Description
1
GPS antenna socket (blue)
2
GSM antenna socket (purple)
3
GSM and GPS status LED
4
Socket 2x8 pins
5
Socket 2x8 pins (No. 4) with each pins name
6
LLS fuel sensor
7
Wires which connects to vehicle
Note. When using analog mode, analog inputs must be enabled (ADC3-LVL1).
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4.7. LLS fuel sensor (EIA 485/ RS485)



You can connect up to four sensors to one FM Blue device.
Speed of data transmission needs to be 19200 bits per second.
Device reads data stored only at these addresses: address=1; address=2; address=3; address=4;
Table7. Short description table
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Description
GPS antenna socket (blue)
GSM antenna socket (purple)
GSM and GPS status LED
Socket 2x8 pins
Socket 2x8 pins (No. 4) with each pins name
LLS fuel sensor 1
LLS fuel sensor 2
LLS fuel sensor 3
LLS fuel sensor 4
Wires which connects to vehicle
Note. Sensors are connected into sequential circuit. Number of sensors is optional (from 1 to 4).
Picture7. LLS model 20160 pinout with output numbers
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Picture8. FM Blue – LLS interconnection
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4.8. FM Blue – ADP CAN interconnection
Table8. Short description table
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13


Description
GPS antenna socket (blue)
GSM antenna socket (purple)
GSM and GPS status LED
Socket 2x8 pins
Socket 2x8 pins (No. 4) with each pins name
(FM Blue)
Wires which connects to vehicle
Pull-up resistor
Socket 2x8 pins (No. 9) with each vehicles
name (ADP-CAN)
Socket 2x8 pins
Indicator
Input for two zone sensor
Input for two zone sensor
Emergency “cut-off” button
Pull up resistor is necessary (1 – 10 kΩ)
FM Blue and ADP-CAN communicates through internal protocol (one data wire).
Note. For correct operation ADP-CAN must be programmed first, depending on vehicle on which it will
be used.
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Picture9. FM Blue – ADP CAN interconnection
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4.9. iButton
Table9. Short description table
No.
1
2
3
4
5




Description
GPS antenna socket (blue)
GSM antenna socket (purple)
GSM and GPS status LED
Socket 2x8 pins
Socket 2x8 pins (No. 4) with each pins name
(FM Blue)
Wires which connects to vehicle
iButton
Reader
6
7
8
Resistor is needed
Data is transmitted through one wire (1-WIRE protocol)
Using different iButton, connection scheme can differ from the given below (Picture10.)
There is two ground wires from the reader
Picture10. Ibutton connection
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4.10. 1-WIRE temperature sensor
Table10. Short description table
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Description
GPS antenna socket (blue)
GSM antenna socket (purple)
GSM and GPS status LED
Socket 2x8 pins
Socket 2x8 pins (No. 4) with each pins name
(FM Blue)
Wires which connects to vehicle
Thermocouple
Wire shield
Picture11. temperature sensor connection
48
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