User Manual V1.03 - Equinox Technologies UK Ltd.

User Manual V1.03 - Equinox Technologies UK Ltd.
RE E
A BL
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RM A
FI GR
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Activ8r
Combined Serial and Parallel
Programmer for Atmel
microcontrollers
USER
MANUAL
(Revision 1.03)
Activ8r User Manual V1.03
Copyright Information
Equinox guarantees that its products will be
free from defects of material and
workmanship under normal use and service,
and these products will perform to current
specifications in accordance with, and subject
to, the Company’s standard warranty which is
detailed in Equinox’s Purchase Order
Acknowledgment.
or copied only in accordance with the terms of
the agreement.
It is against the law to copy the software on any
medium except as specifically allowed in the
license or non-disclosure agreement.
The purchaser may make one copy of the
software for backup purposes. No part of this
manual may be reproduced or transmitted in any
form or by any means, electronic, mechanical,
including photocopying, recording, or
information retrieval systems, for any purpose
other than for the purchaser’s personal use,
without written permission.
Equinox reserves the right to change
specifications detailed in this document
without notice and does not represent a
commitment on the part of the manufacturer.
The software described in this document is
furnished under license agreement or
non-disclosure agreement and may be used
© 1998 Copyright Equinox Technologies UK Limited. All rights reserved.
AtmelTM and AVRTM are trademarks of the Atmel Corporation
Microsoft, MS-DOS, WindowsTM and Windows 95TM Windows NT™ are registered
trademarks of the Microsoft Corporation
IBM, PC and PS/2 are registered trademarks of International Business Machines
Corporation
Every effort was made to ensure accuracy in this manual and to give appropriate credit to
persons, companies and trademarks referenced herein.
i
Activ8r User Manual V1.03
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Compliance
Statement of Conformity
The Activ8r Programmer is a CE Approved Product. It is designed only for use in a development
environment. This means that the user must ensure that there is no possibility of damage from
electrostatic discharge (ESD). Since the devices and equipment to which this product is likely to be
connected may well themselves be susceptible to ESD, this should not pose any difficulty.
For example, if you are handling microcontrollers and EEPROMS etc. then you will already be used to
appropriate precautions, such as the use of anti-static mats, wrist straps and so on. You should treat
your Activ8r with the same care as you would these type of device. Always ensure that you are not
yourself carrying a static charge before handling the product. Wearing an earthed anti-static wrist strap
is recommended.
Equinox have taken great care in designing this product to be compliant with the European EMC
directive. When using the equipment be sure to follow the instructions provided. Do not use any other
mains power supply to power the Activ8r, so as to maintain the high standard of immunity to mainsborne interference afforded by the original power supply. Use of any cable to connect to the users’
target system other than that supplied may cause an increase in RF emissions. Although RF emissions are
within prescribed limits, care should be taken if you are using the product near to sensitive apparatus. If
you experience any difficulty please refer to Equinox technical support.
Activ8r System Contents as declared Compliant with the EMC Directive:
●
Equinox Power Supply Unit.
●
Activ8r Programmer PCB assembly.
●
9 Way PC Serial Cable.
●
10 Way ISP Ribbon Cable.
ESD Points to remember
●
Work in a static-free environment.
●
Wear an earthed wrist strap when handling either the programmer
and/or any programmable device.
ii
Activ8r User Manual V1.03
Technical Support
It is often the case that users experience problems when installing or using a product for the first time. Due to the
low-cost nature of this product, Equinox are unable to answer technical support questions about this product or its
use by telephone.
If you have a technical support problem, please consult the following list for help:
1 This manual
2 Troubleshooting Guide (see page 26)
3 On-line help
Press <F1> for help at any time.
The help system is context-sensitive. Simply press <F1> on any error message and the possible causes of the
error should be listed. This help system is updated on a regular basis. Please see software update details for
information on keeping up-to-date with software revisions.
4 Internet Web Site
Equinox have setup an AVR microcontroller support page on our web site. This page is designed to provide
up-to date information on all issues concerning both AVR microcontrollers and support tools.
The AVR support page can be found at: www.equinox-tech.com/avr
The 8051 support page can be found at: www.equinox-tech.com/8051
5 E-mail
Please e-mail any technical support questions about this product to: [email protected]
Equinox will try our best to answer your questions about this product as quickly as possible. However, we can
not promise an immediate reply. Please consult our web site for new software updates as the problem that you
are enquiring about may have already been fixed in a new version.
6 Fax
Please fax any technical support questions about this product to: +44 (0) 1204 535555
Equinox will try our best to answer your questions about this product as quickly as possible. However, we can
not promise an immediate reply. Please consult our web site for new software updates as the problem that you
are enquiring about may have already been fixed in a new version.
iii
Activ8r User Manual V1.03
Contacts
Equinox Technologies UK Limited
3 Atlas House, St Georges Square, Bolton, England BL1 2HB
Telephone Sales ....................... : +44 (0) 1204 529000
Fax .............................................. : +44 (0) 1204 535555
E-mail ......................................... : [email protected]
Web site .................................... : www.equinox-tech.com
For technical support on this product please e-mail us at:
[email protected]
Software Updates
In line with our policy of continuous improvement, the ‘Meridian for Windows’ software is updated on a
regular basis. If you would like to receive an automatic e-mail every time a new version is released,
please make sure you have registered your system with Equinox and you have quoted your e-mail
address. You may cancel this service at any time.
The Meridian software updates can currently be downloaded from the following places:
Internet
: www.equinox-tech.com
ftp site
: ftp.equinox-tech.com
Atmel BBS
: +1 408 436-4309
iv
Activ8r User Manual V1.03
About Atmel Microcontrollers
Data sheets for these devices can be viewed and printed using the Acrobat pdf reader software supplied
on the Atmel CD-ROM. As data sheets are often updated on a regular basis, it is recommended that you
consult the Atmel web site for the latest information.
A few sources of further information about Atmel microcontrollers are listed below:
Atmel web site
: www.atmel.com
Equinox web site
: www.equinox-tech.com
If you have any silicon related technical support question about Atmel microcontrollers which can not be
answered by looking at the Atmel/Equinox web sites, please e-mail:
For 8051 devices : [email protected] with a detailed description of the problem.
AVR devices
: [email protected] with a detailed description of the problem.
Important - Please note
Equinox Technologies are unable to answer direct technical support questions concerning AVR
microcontrollers. Please contact your local Atmel distributor or sales office if you require any further
information.
v
Activ8r User Manual V1.03
Contents
Introduction ............1
Device support ............2
System Specifications ............3
Hardware Overview ............4
Hardware/Software Installation Overview ............5
Software Installation ............6
Hardware Installation ............7
Serial Port Selection ............8
Software Overview ............9
Device Programming Overview..........11
Device Programming Guide..........12
Programming a Device in the ZIF socket..........13
Device Position & Orientation..........14
Programming a Device in the user Target System..........15
In-system Programming Overview..........16
4-Wire ISP Scenario..........17
Target System Requirements..........18
Reset Circuits..........19
ISP Header Pin Assignments..........21
ISP Power-on Conditions..........22
Timing Waveforms..........23
AVR Support Products..........24
8051 Support Products..........25
Troubleshooting Guide..........26
Activ8r User Manual V1.03
Introduction
T
he Activ8r is a state-of-the-art
device programmer designed to
support programming of Atmel
microcontrollers. The programmer
supports both parallel and serial (ISP)
programming of many devices making
it the ideal development programmer
for either the Atmel AVR or 8051
microcontrollers.
The Activ8r Programmer can currently be
supplied as a component of following systems:
AVR Professional Starter System
(AVR2-ST) Supports programming of the Atmel
AVR (90S) RISC microcontrollers
AVR Professional Development System
(AVR1-8K-DV) A comprehensive suite of
development tools for the Atmel AVR (90S) RISC
microcontrollers
The programmer features a quality 40-pin Zero
Insersion Force (ZIF) socket which accepts most
8-pin, 20-pin and 40-pin dual-in-line (DIL)
microcontrollers directly. Fast parallel
programming in the ZIF socket is possible which
also allows all the AVR fuse bits such as SPIEN
and RCEN to be programmed.
8051 FLASH Microcontroller Starter System
(EQ-8051-ST1) Supports programming of the
Atmel 8051 & AVR microcontrollers
Programmer Highlights
• Supports Atmel 8051 Microcontrollers in:
• Parallel Programming mode when using the
ZIF socket
• In-System Programming mode via ribbon cable
(provided)
The Activ8r also supports in-system programming
(ISP) of suitable Atmel microcontrollers which
feature serially downloadable FLASH/EEPROM
memory. The Activ8r is supplied with an ISP cable
which connects between the programmer and a
suitable socket on the user target system. This
allows microcontrollers to be programmed
in-situe on the target system without physically
removing the device from the socket.
• Supports Atmel AVR Microcontrollers in:
• Parallel Programming mode when using the
ZIF socket
• In-System Programming mode via ribbon cable
(provided)
• Support for Atmel ATmega Microcontrollers
available as a chargeable upgrade
• Supports read/write of on-chip special function
bits and security fuses
• Upgradable firmware stored in FLASH memory
• Connects to spare PC serial port
• Powerful PC interface software for Windows
• Compatible with Windows 3.1, 95 & NT
• CE compliant
1
Activ8r User Manual V1.03
Device Support
It is possible to program most Atmel AVR microcontroller devices using two different methods:
1 Parallel Programming Mode
In this mode the target device must be placed in the programmer Zero Insertion Force (ZIF) socket. It
is possible to set certain ‘Special Option’ fuses in this mode which can not be altered in ISP mode.
2 Serial In-System Programming (ISP) Mode
This mode allows a device in a remote target system to be programmed without removing the device
from the board. A special ISP cable is supplied with the programmer which plugs into the user target
system.
This programmer supports in-system programming with a target Vcc of +5V only. When programming
low voltage devices (e.g. @ +3V) it is necessary to use a voltage translator circuit, e.g. Order code: UISPEXP1
Please note:
• Atmel AT89C1051, AT89C1051U, AT89C2051 & AT89C4051 microcontrollers can only be
programmed in parallel programming mode.
• Atmel AT89S8252 and AT89S53 devices can only be programmed in serial programming mode.
• Atmel AT90S8535 and AT90S4434 microcontrollers are only supported in serial programming mode.
• Atmel ATmega microcontrollers can only be supported in serial programming mode. A chargeable
upgrade is required to program these devices
2
Activ8r User Manual V1.03
Device Support Continued
The Activ8r Programmer has been designed to support Atmel AVR or Atmel 8051 microcontrollers
depending on which system you have purchased. It is NOT possible to program both AVR & 8051
devices using the same programmer.
System
AVR2-ST
ZIF
ISP
AVR1-8K-DV
ZIF
ISP
EQ-8051-ST1
ZIF
ISP
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Atmel 8051 Microcontrollers
AT89C1051
AT89C1051U
AT89C2051
AT89C4051
AT89S8252
AT89LS8252
AT89S53
AT89LS53
✖
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Atmel AVR Microcontrollers
AT90S1200(A)
AT90S2313
AT90S2323
AT90S2343
AT90S4414
AT90S8515
AT90S2333
AT90S4433
AT90S4434
AT90S8535
✔
✔
✔
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✖
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Please Note: Support for the ATmega is available as a chargeable update
Please Note: Order Code - ACT-UPG1
Atmel ATmega AVR Microcontrollers
ATmega603(L)
ATmega103(L)
✖
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Key
ISP - In-System Programming
ZIF - Zero Insertion Force (Socket)
3
Activ8r User Manual V1.03
System Specifications
Minimum PC Requirements
Activ8r Programmer
Specifications
The minimum hardware and software
requirements to ensure that the programmer
operates correctly are as follows:
Programmer Size .....: 10.5 x 8 x 2 cm
Shipped Weight.......: approx 1.5kg
100% IBM compatible 386+
PSU ...........................: 15V DC @250mA
Windows 3.1 or higher
Port connection .......: Serial 9-way D-socket
Minimum 4MB RAM
ZIF socket .................: Quality 40way socket
Accepts both 0.3/0.6”
pitch devices
Minimum 1MB free hard disk space
Spare PC serial port
ISP Target Voltage ...: +5V DC
ISP Header................: 10-way IDC
ISP Vcc max current.: 20mA
4
Activ8r User Manual V1.03
Hardware/Software Installation Overview
The Hardware/Software Overview for the installation process of the Activ8r programmer is detailed
diagrammatically below. Please refer to the following pages for a more detailed explanation.
Perform Software Installation
Perform Hardware Installation
Select the correct serial port
<OPTIONS>
<SELECT PORT>
Try selecting
another
Com port
Installation
Trouble Shooting
Guide
(See on-line help)
<TEST>
PORT
FAIL
PASS
Programmer should now be
“ON LINE”
Figure 1
5
Activ8r User Manual V1.03
Software Installation
The Activ8r programmer is supplied with
'Meridian for Windows' PC driver software. This
software is supplied on one 3.5" floppy disk.
To install 'Meridian for
Windows' software:
• Boot the PC into Windows environment
(Win 3.1, Win 95 & Win NT)
• Insert 'Meridian for Windows' disk into
floppy disk drive (A: / B:)
• Select the 'Run...' command from the
'File' menu in the Program Manager
• Select 'Browse' and navigate to the floppy
drive (A: / B:)
• Select 'Meridian.exe'
• Select the 'OK' button
The software installation program should now
display an introductory screen. Please follow the
on-screen prompts in order to complete the
software installation process.
On completion, the installation program will
install the 'Meridian' icon within a new program
group called 'Meridian'.
To launch the software,
simply double-click on the
'Meridian' icon.
6
Activ8r User Manual V1.03
Hardware Installation
1 Place programmer on flat surface.
2 Connect serial cable between
programmer and spare PC serial (COM)
port as shown in fig 3
3 Ensure the ZIF socket is empty.
4 Plug power connector into programmer.
5 Plug power supply unit into suitable wall
1
socket and switch on mains power
‘Power LED’ (red) should now illuminate.
3
2
6 Select correct Serial (COM) Port
(see Serial Port selection).
OFF
7 The installation is now complete.
ON
© 1998 Equinox Technologies UK Limited
TGT..EXT
4
Figure 2
Key to main diagram
1 User PC
2 Serial Cable
3 Power supply Unit (PSU)
4 Activ8r programmer
7
Activ8r User Manual V1.03
Serial Port Selection (Select Port)
The Activ8r programmer plugs into a spare serial
port of any IBM compatible PC including the
majority of laptop machines.
COMMUNICATIONS TEST PASS
The programmer has been detected OK by the
Meridian software. If you now <Cancel> out of
the <Test Port> dialogue box, the words ‘ON
LINE’ should now be displayed at the bottom
right of the Meridian Window.
TO SELECT THE CORRECT SERIAL
PORT
i. From the menu bar select <Options> <Select
Port>
Installation is complete and the programmer
should now be ready to-use.
The available COM ports on your computer are
now displayed.
COMMUNICATIONS TEST FAIL
The programmer was not detected on the COM
port selected. Please check that the correct COM
port was selected, and if not, repeat the <Select
Port> < Test> operation.
ii. Select the COM port to which the
programmer is connected
ii. Select a baud rate e.g. 56K
If your PC is not fast enough to operate at the
default highest communication speed, it may be
necessary to slow the communication down. This
can be achieved by choosing a slower baud rate
from the list provided.
iii. Select <Test>
A programmer communications test is now
performed.
This tests both the programmer, cable and PC
serial port.
If the programmer is still not detected, please
refer to the Installation Troubleshooting Guide
located in the “On-Line” help.
8
Activ8r User Manual V1.03
Software Overview
The Meridian for Windows software features many powerful functions which can be activated by
simply clicking a single icon. Other utilities and commands are available by selecting the relevant menu
option.
For further information about the Meridian for Windows software , please refer to the
'On-line Help System' supplied with the software (F1).
The most commonly used functions for which an icon exits are listed below.
LOAD FILE TO BUFFER (F9 or Ctrl + L)
Allows you to select a file or multiple files and load the file(s) into the
programmer buffer area(s). Currently supports Intel Hex and Binary file formats
as standard.
SAVE TO DISK (Ctrl + S)
Allows you to save the contents of the buffer(s) to a file.
Currently supports Intel Hex and Binary file formats as standard.
BLANK CHECK
Checks if the currently selected device is blank.
i.e. All locations = FFh
VERIFY DEVICE
Compares the contents of the buffer area(s) with the contents of the currently
selected device.
WRITE DEVICE
Writes with contents of the buffer into the device
9
Activ8r User Manual V1.03
Software Overview continued
DEVICE READ
Reads the contents of the currently selected device into the programmer buffer
area(s).
ERASE DEVICE
Performs an ELECTRONIC erase on the currently selected device.
DEVICE AUTO-PROGRAM
Performs a complete programming cycle including Signature Check, Erase,
Blank check, Write, Special Options, Security etc.
SPECIAL OPTIONS
Allows you to READ/WRITE the special option bits of certain devices which
support non-standard features.
SECURITY
Allows you to READ/WRITE the security lock bits of any device which supports
this feature.
10
Activ8r User Manual V1.03
Hardware Overview
1
5
6
2
7
3
8
4
Figure 3
Key
Power Configuration Jumpers
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
11
PSU input
Active LED (Yellow)
Power LED (Red)
ISP Connector (10-way IDC Header Socket)
Serial Cable Connection to PC
Controller Chip
Power Configuration Jumpers
ZIF (Zero Insertion Force) socket (40-way)
Activ8r User Manual V1.03
Device Programming Guide
It is necessary to select the particular device to be programmed as follows:
e.g. To select the Atmel AT90S1200 microcontroller as the current device
Select
▲
1 Select the DEVICE menu and choose SELECT
Orientation
Information
Check Signature
Blank Check
A ZIF Socket
Select this option if you wish program devices
in the programmer ZIF socket
B Target (ISP)
Select this option if you wish program devices
In-System via the ISP cable
3 A list of microcontroller devices currently supported is
now displayed.
ZIF Socket
Target (ISP)
AT90S1200
AT90S1200A
Select the device you require i.e. AT90S1200
AT90S2313
AT90S4414
The currently selected device is now active
AT90S8515
AT90S2323
12
▲ ▲
2 You will now be presented with 2 options
Activ8r User Manual V1.03
To program a device in the ZIF Socket
1 Connect programmer as shown in the
diagram
2 Ensure that the ISP lead is removed
i.e. No remote target system is connected
3 Make sure that both power jumpers are
inserted (see figure 5)
4 Select required device
5 Lift ZIF arm upwards
6 Insert device to be programmed in
the correct position in the ZIF socket
see fig 6 on page 14.
7 Close ZIF arm
Figure 4
8 Select required operation
e.g. <READ> etc.
The ‘Active LED’ should illuminate
during any programming operation.
NOTE!
Power Configuration Jumpers
Before inserting devices in the ZIF socket set up
the software to configure your Activ8r
appropriately. YOU MAY CAUSE DAMAGE to
your devices or the programmer itself if you do
not observe the above precautions. Equinox
Technologies UK Limited or its distributors are not
liable for any damage or losses which might be
sustained under such circumstances.
TGT/EXT
2
1
Jumper 1
Must be fitted at all times
Jumper 2
Fitted
- Activ8r supplies power to the
target system. For parallel
programming mode it does not
matter whether this jumper is
fitted or not.
Not Fitted - Target system requires its own
separate power supply.
Figure 5
13
Activ8r User Manual V1.03
Device Position & Orientation
The Activ8r programmer accepts devices in dual-in-line (DIL) packages. The Zero Insertion Force (ZIF)
socket caters for DIL devices with up to 40 pins and can also accept both 0.3” and 0.6” pitch devices.
To program SOIC, PLCC, TQFP or PQFP devices, you will need an adaptor, see ‘Miscellaneous
Accessories’ appendix on page 26.
The diagram below shows the correct position and orientation of the target device in the ZIF socket. The
position of pin 1 of the target device is marked by a dot.
Pin No 1 of ZIF socket
Figure 6
3
2
1
The correct position and orientation for the currently selected device can be displayed by selecting
<Device><Orientation>.
IMPORTANT NOTICE
Device Position & Orientation Key
Equinox Technologies or it’s distributors will
not be held responsible for damaged caused
to the programmer and/or the device being
programmed due to incorrect insertion of the
device in the ZIF socket.
1 Microcontroller (40 pin - 0.6” pitch)
e.g. AT90S4414, AT90S8515
2 Microcontroller (20 pin - 0.3” pitch)
e.g. AT90S1200, AT89C2051
3 Microcontroller (8 pin)
e.g. AT90S2323, AT90S2343
14
Activ8r User Manual V1.03
To program a device in a user Target System
1 Make sure the programmer power &
target system power is OFF
2 Perform <Device><Select> operation.
User target system
not included
3 Make sure that both power jumpers are
inserted (see figure 8)
4 Connect the programmer to target
system using the ISP cable supplied
see fig: 7.
5 Ensure that the ZIF socket is empty.
6 Make sure TGT/EXT power jumper
selector is in the correct position.
7 Apply power to programmer and target
Figure 7
system.
8 Select required programmer operation
e.g. <Read> etc.
The ‘Active LED’ should illuminate
during any programming operation.
Power Configuration Jumpers
NOTE!
TGT/EXT
1 Be careful not to exceed the maximum current of
20mA which can be drawn from the Activ8r
2 Before connecting the ISP ribbon cable to your
target system, set up the software to configure
your Activ8r appropriately. YOU MAY CAUSE
DAMAGE to your devices, target system or
programmer itself if you do not observe the
above precautions. Equinox Technologies UK
Limited or its distributors are not liable for any
damage or losses which might be sustained
under such circumstances.
2
1
Jumper 1
Must be fitted at all times
Jumper 2
Fitted
- Activ8r supplies power to the
target system. For parallel
programming mode it does not
matter whether this jumper is
fitted or not.
Not Fitted - Target system requires its own
separate power supply.
Figure 8
15
Activ8r User Manual V1.03
In-System Programming Overview
It is possible to In-System Program (ISP) members of the Atmel AVR(90S) microcontroller by utilising a
serial programming algorithm based around the popular SPI 3-wire bus protocol. The Activ8r
programmer implements ISP of these devices by generating the necessary SPI programming waveforms
under control of PC software.
Atmel AVR™ microcontrollers feature a hardware SPI ‘Programming’ port. This consists of a 3 wires:
MOSI
MISO
SCK
Master OUT Slave Input
Master INPUT Slave Output
Serial Clock
In order to place the target device into programming mode, it is necessary to assert the RESET pin of the
target microcontroller as detailed in fig 8 on page 18
SPI Master/Slave definitions
The Activ8r programmer operates on the principle that during any programming operation the
programmer is the SPI Master and the target device to be programmed is the SPI Slave.
Activ8r Programmer
Target ISP Microcontroller(s)
SPI Bus Master
SPI Bus Slave(s)
This status is only the case during ISP. The target microcontroller can be a master or slave during
program execution (i.e. when it is programming code).
Typical Hardware Configuration for In-System Programming (ISP) Mode
PC
RST
MOSI
MISO
SCK
Activ8r
Programmer
Figure 9
16
Target
System
Activ8r User Manual V1.03
4-Wire ISP Scenario
In the simplest scenario where only one target ISP device is to be re-programmed, it is necessary to
connect a minimum of FOUR control lines to your target system in order to implement ISP (see table
below).
Pin
Name
I/O
Connection on target µC
4
MO
O
MOSI (SI) Incoming data from Activ8r (master)
6
MI
I
MISO (SO) Outgoing data from target µC (slave)
8
SCK1
O
SCK
10
RESET
O
RST
µC = Microcontroller
MO
MOSI
MISO
MI
SCK1
RESET
SCK
RESET
CIRCUIT
RESET
TARGET ISP
MICRO
Figure 10
17
Activ8r User Manual V1.03
Target System Requirements
The following target system requirements must be met for the Activ8r programmer to operate correctly :
• Target oscillator
The target microcontroller oscillator must be running between certain prescribed frequencies. These
can be found in the relevant microcontroller data sheets. The oscillator could be an external
crystal/resonator or could be an internal RC oscillator (e.g. AT90S1200 and AT90S2343).
• Power
The Activ8r requires a regulated DC supply to operate. This supply can be taken either from the user
target system or an external power supply unit (PSU). The programmer should operate correctly
between the specified operating voltage limits (see hardware specifications).
• RESET circuit
The serial programming mode of the 89S and
Family
Reset Polarity
AVR family devices is initiated by asserting the
RESET pin in the correct sense for a certain
89S
Active High
period of time. The programmer must,
AVR (90S)
Active Low
therefore, be able to assert the RESET pin on
the user target microcontroller. External control
of the RESET pin can be implemented in a
number of different ways. A typical example of a possible RESET circuit is shown in Fig: 8 on page 18.
• SPI Enable Fuse
The SPI Enable Fuse (SPIEN) must be ENABLED in the target microcontroller device for ISP
programming to work. The SPIEN fuse can only be programmed in parallel programming mode with
the device in the ZIF socket
18
Activ8r User Manual V1.03
RESET Circuits
Active Low Reset Circuit
Suitable for the Atmel AVR(90S) microcontroller family
Vcc
Figure 11
R2
R1
RESET
Connect to microcontroller
RESET circuit
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C1
Component Typical Value
R3
PB
Function
R1
120 OHM
Current Limiting Resistor
R2
R3
C1
10k
1k
10µF
Reset Time Constant
Optional Current Limiting Resistor
Reset Time Constant
PB
-
Push Button Reset Switch
This reset circuit generates an ACTIVE LOW reset pulse when the push button PB is pressed and then
released. The duration of the reset pulse can be adjusted by varying the values of the C1/R2 network.
The resistor R1 is required to protect the programmer from a transient rush of current when the RESET
line is asserted externally.
Important note:
The above RESET circuit will not protect the microcontroller from EEPROM corruption in brownout
conditions. Use of a suitable brownout protection circuit is highly recommended.
19
Activ8r User Manual V1.03
RESET Circuits Continued
Active High Reset Circuit
Suitable for the Atmel 8051 microcontroller family
Vcc
Figure 12
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R3
PB
R1
Connect to microcontroller
RESET circuit
RESET
R2
0V
Component Typical Value
Function
R1
120 OHM
Current Limiting Resistor
R2
R3
C1
10k
1k
10µF
Reset Time Constant
Optional Current Limiting Resistor
Reset Time Constant
PB
-
Push Button Reset Switch
This reset circuit generates an ACTIVE HIGH reset pulse when the push button PB is pressed and then
released. The duration of the reset pulse can be adjusted by varying the values of the C1/R2 network.
The resistor R1 is required to protect the programmer from a transient rush of current when the RESET
line is asserted externally.
Important note:
The above RESET circuit will not protect the microcontroller from EEPROM corruption in brownout
conditions. Use of a suitable brownout protection circuit is highly recommended.
20
Activ8r User Manual V1.03
ISP Header Pin Assignments
Activ8r - Target System Connection Details
The 10-way ribbon cable supplied is terminated with a standard
10-way 0.1" pitch IDC plug. This is designed to mate with the
complimentary male 10-way IDC header on the target system.
The pin-out of the header is shown in figure 10:
10-Way IDC Header
Top Pin View
Connect to
Target Vcc
SCK2
PROG
Connect to
Target GND
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Name
1
2
MI
SCK1
RESET
Figure 13
ISP Pin Assignments
Pin
SS
MO
I/O
Micro-ISP
MCU
Connect
Vcc
_
-
Programmer Power (+Vcc)
Vcc
Y
SS
O
SPI - Slave Select
x
x
3
SCK2
O
SPI - Serial Clock 2
N/C
x
4
MO
O
SPI - Master Output
MOSI
Y
5
PROG
O
Program LED / Assert
x
x
6
MI
I
SPI - Master Input
MISO
Y
7
GND
-
Programmer GND connection
GND
Y
8
SCK1
O
SPI - Serial Clock 1
SCK
Y
9
GND
-
Programmer GND connection
GND
Y
10
RESET
O
Target RESET control pin
RST
Y
Figure 14
Y This connection must be made
x Optional
Connector recommendations
The IDC connector supplied with the Activ8r programmer is ‘bump’ polarised so that it can not be
inserted the wrong way around in a polarised socket. If the connector used on the target system is not
polarised, it is advised that measures are taken to prevent the connector being plugged in the wrong
way around. This could be achieved by removing pin 9 (a second ground) from the target header and
placing a blanking piece of plastic in pin 9 of the cable header.
21
Activ8r User Manual V1.03
ISP Power-On Conditions
Signal power-on conditions
Signal
Name
Signal Description
Header
Pin
Power on condition
SS
MO (MOSI)
MI (MISO)
SCK1
SCK2
PROG
RESET
SPI - Slave Select
SPI - Master Output
SPI - Master Input
SPI - Serial Clock 1
SPI - Serial Clock 2
Program LED / Assert
Target RESET control pin
2
4
6
8
3
5
10
Tristate
Tristate
Tristate
Tristate
Tristate
Tristate
Tristate
_
Figure 15
22
Activ8r User Manual V1.03
Upgrading the programmer firmware
This programmer features upgradable firmware technology which allows the actual control code within
the programmer to be updated in the field. Upgrading the programmer firmware allows new features,
new device algorithms and bug corrections to be added to the product in the future by means of a
straightforward Windows reprogramming utility without having to return the product to Equinox. All
new programmers are shipped with the latest firmware from Equinox, but if your system has been
purchased from a distributor and has been in stock for a long period of time, it may be that the
firmware version is out-of-date.
How do I check what version of firmware my programmer is running?
i. Make sure the programmer is plugged into a spare COM port and is powered up
ii. Launch the Meridian software -> The software should display “On Line”
iii. Select <Options><Programmer Info> -> The firmware revision and date of loading are displayed.
How do I update the programmer firmware?
If the firmware version of your programmer is older than that on the Equinox Web Site, please
download the new files from the ‘Software Updates’ page. It is important that you download both the
latest ‘meridian.exe’ and ‘configit.exe’ programs. If you follow the instructions supplied with the
‘configit.exe’ program, the whole process should take less than 90 seconds.
What do I do if there any problems?
If the firmware update fails for any reason, please check the instructions supplied with ‘configit.exe’ in
the first instance. If the problem persists or he program reports that a code is needed from Equinox,
please e-mail or fax the full details below to Equinox, and we will attempt to get you up and running as
quickly as we can.
Details required:
Name, Company name, telephone number, fax number, e-mail, place of purchase, programmer serial
number (usually printed on a label on the programmer) and any update code you are prompted to send.
Please note:
It is possible that the firmware upgrade process may fail and there might be a delay in receiving license
codes back from Equinox. PLEASE DO NOT attempt to upgrade your firmware if your immediate design
process depends on it!
23
Activ8r User Manual V1.03
AVR Support Products
Order code
Description
PROGRAMMING SYSTEMS
AVR2-ST
Professional AVR Microcontroller Starter System
AVR1-8K-DV
Professional AVR Microcontroller Development System
AVR1-820K
Atmel AT90S1200/AT90S23x3 AVR Microcontroller Starter Kit
MPW-PLUS
Micro-Pro Professional Device Programming System
UISP-S3-SYS
Micro-ISP Series III Professional Serial Programming System
UISP-UPG1
Micro-ISP Upgrade: Atmel ATmega programming support
ACT-UPG1
Activ8r Upgrade: Atmel ATmega programming support
UISP-EXP1
Low Voltage (+3V) In-System Programming (ISP) Expansion Module
EVALUATION/OEM MODULES
OEM-UC-20/40
Universal 8051/AVR Microcontroller OEM Module
EVALU8R-1P
Evalu8r - Universal 8051/AVR Microcontroller Evaluation Module
PACKAGE ADAPTORS ETC.
AD-PLCC44-A
Programming adaptor - 44-pin PLCC to DIL-40
AD-DIL40-PLCC44-A
Emulation adaptor - 44-pin PLCC on target system to 40-pin DIL
AD-SOIC20-A
Microcontroller Programming adaptor - 20-pin SOIC to 20-pin DIL
AD-SOIC8-A
Microcontroller Programming adaptor - 8-pin SOIC to 8-pin DIL
AD-8535-A
Parallel programming adaptor - Atmel AT90S8535/AT90S4434 (40-pin DIL)
AD-TQFP44-A
Programming adaptor - 44-pin TQFP to 40-pin DIL
SS-90S8515-P
ISP Socket Stealer Module fitted with Atmel AT90S8515 microcontroller (DIL)
SS-90S8515-J
ISP Socket Stealer Module fitted with Atmel AT90S8515 microcontroller (PLCC)
AVR BASIC Programming Language
AVR-BAS-LITE
AVR BASIC LITE Version (1K bytes - AT90S1200 support only)
AVR-BAS-8K
AVR BASIC 8K Version (8K bytes - All AVR derivatives supported)
AVR-BAS-FULL
AVR BASIC Full Version (8K bytes - All AVR derivatives supported)
AVR-BAS-8KF
AVR BASIC 8K to FULL version upgrade
IAR AT90S Language Tools
EWA90BAS-EE
“IAR Baseline Tool Set” - C compiler, assembler, debugger (8K code limit)
EWA90
“IAR Full AT90S Version” - C compiler, assembler, debugger (unrestricted code)
DO-BOX (Dynamically Optimised BASIC Box) + Accessories
DOBOX-ST1
DO-BOX Starter System 1
DOBOX-DV1
DO-BOX Development System 1
DOBOX-MOD1
DO-BOX Module 1
DOBOX-PM1
DO-BOX Prototyping Module
DOBOX-AM1
DO-BOX Applications Module 1
LITERATURE
CD-AT98
Atmel CD-ROM Databook 1998
DB-AVR-981
Atmel AVR Microcontroller Data Book (Paper format)
MAN-AVRBAS-REF
AVR BASIC Reference Guide
MAN-AVRBAS-GS
AVR BASIC Getting Started Guide
MISCELLANEOUS
CAB-SER1
PC Serial Cable Adaptor Kit (9W-25W & 25W-9W)
CAB-PAR25MM
PC Parallel Cable (25W to 25W M/M 2M)
24
Activ8r User Manual V1.03
8051 Support Products Guide
Order code
Description
Programming Systems
AT-89C-2K-ST
Atmel 89C Microcontroller Starter System (Includes PK51-2K)
AT-89C-8K-DV
Atmel 89C Microcontroller Family Development System (Includes Keil PK51-8K)
MPW-PLUS
Micro-Pro Professional Device Programming System
EQ-8051-ST1
Flash 8051 Professional Starter System
UISP-S3-SYS
Micro-ISP Serial Programming System for the Atmel 89S/90S Microcontroller Families
AT-89S-ISP-TR-2K
Integrated 89S Microcontroller Training System (2K code)
AT-89S-ISP-TR-8K
Integrated 89S Microcontroller Training System (8K code)
AT-89S-ISP-SYS
ISP Programming System for the Atmel 89S Microcontroller Family
AT-89S-ISP-DV-8K
ISP Development System for the Atmel 89S Microcontroller Family (Includes Keil PK51-8K)
Evaluation/ OEM Modules
AT-89C-X051-DEMO
Atmel 89C1051/2051 Credit Card Demo Module
AT-89C-X051-OEM
Atmel 89C1051/2051 OEM Module
EVALU8R-1P
Universal Microcontroller Evaluation Module
OEM-UC-20/40
Universal 8051/AVR Microcontroller OEM Module
Package Adaptors
AD-PLCC44-A
Package Adaptor - PLCC-44 to DIL-40 (for programming/package conversion)
AD-DIL40-PLCC44-A
Package Adaptor - PLCC44 to DIL-40 (for emulation/package conversion)
AD-TQFP44-A
Programming adaptor - 44-pin TQFP to 40-pin DIL
AD-SOIC20-A
SOIC-20 to DIL-20 Adaptor Module
AD-8051-ICPP
In-Circuit Re-Programming Adaptor for the Atmel 89C & 89S Microcontroller Families
SS-89S8252-P
Atmel 89S8252 ISP 8051 Socket-Stealer Module (DIL-40)
SS-89S8252-J
Atmel 89S8252 ISP 8051 Socket-Stealer Module (PLCC-44)
Keil Development Language Tools
PK51-2K
“Keil PK51 Lite - 2K C Compiler, Assembler & Software Simulator”
PK51-8K-UPG
Software Upgrade from PK51 Lite (2K) to PK51-8K version
PK51-8K-FULL
Software Upgrade from PK51-8K to Full version
PK51-MANUALS
“Keil Manual Set for PK51 (C51, A51 & Utilities)”
Literature
CD-AT98
Atmel CD-ROM Data Book
DB-8051-981
Atmel 8051 Microcontroller Data Book
Miscellaneous
LCD/KPD-V1
Intelligent LCD/Keypad OEM Module (RS-232 / 1K EEPROM)
Memory Emulation Products
ICEPROM512K-80
icePROM EPROM/ Flash Emulation System
PLCC32 HEAD
icePROM 32 pin PLCC Adaptor
DIP40 HEAD
icePROM 40 pin DIP Adaptor
25
Activ8r User Manual V1.03
Miscellaneous Accessories
Adaptors
AD-PLCC44-A
AD-SOIC20-A
AD-SOIC8-A
AD-TQFP44-A
Atmel AVR microcontrollers
AT90S1200
✖
✔
✖
✖
AT90S1200A
✖
✔
✖
✖
AT90S2323
✖
✖
✔
✖
AT90S2343
✖
✖
✔
✖
AT90S4414
✔
✖
✖
✔
AT90S8515
✔
✖
✖
✔
AT90S4434
✔
✖
✖
✖
AT90S8535
✔
✖
✖
✖
Atmel 8051 microcontrollers
AT89C1051
✖
✔
✖
✖
AT89C1051U
✖
✔
✖
✖
AT89C2051
✖
✔
✖
✖
AT89C4051
✖
✔
✖
✖
AT89C51
✔
✖
✖
✔
AT89C52
✔
✖
✖
✔
AT89C55
✔
✖
✖
✔
AT89S8252
✔
✖
✖
✔
AT89S53
✔
✖
✖
✔
44-pin PLCC
adaptor
illustrated
Cables
TOP
1
CAB-PAR25MM
Pin 1
44-pin PLCC
device
PC Serial Cable Adaptor Kit (9W-25W to 25W-9W)
Power Supplies
PSU-15250-UK, PSU-15250-US, PSU-15250-EU
Mains Power Supply Adaptor [email protected]
Suitable for use with : Micro-PRO Programmer
Activ8r Programmer
TOP
Pin 1
SOIC
Adaptor
20-pin SOIC
adaptor
illustrated
26
Activ8r User Manual V1.03
Troubleshooting Guide
1 Installation problems
• Does your PC meet the minimum PC requirements of this product?
• Do you have spare PC serial port?
• Have you connected the serial cable from the PC COM port to the Activ8r?
• Have you selected the correct COM port?
• Is the serial port already in use by another application?
2 Programming Devices in the ZIF socket
• Have you selected ‘ZIF Socket’ from the <Device><Select> menu?
• Have you selected the correct device?
• Is the device in the correct position and orientation in the ZIF socket?
3 In-system programming (ISP)
• Are the MOSI, MISO, SCK1 and RESET connection from the target system correctly wired?
• Does the target RESET circuit allow remote control of the RESET line from the Activ8r?
• Is the target system powered up to +5V?
• Are the ‘Power Configuration Jumpers’ in the correct position?
• Is the target microcontroller ISP enabled (i.e. SPIEN = ENABLED)?
• Is the target oscillator (internal or external) running?
27
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this manual without prior notice. E&OE
Terms and product names contained in this document may be trademarks of others.
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