Users manual (English)
Powerline home plug
User manual
2
CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION ................................................................................. 4
Product Features .......................................................................... 4
Application .................................................................................... 4
System Requirements .................................................................. 5
Packing List .................................................................................... 5
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS ...................................................................... 6
GETTING TO KNOW THE ADAPTER ................................................ 7
The Ethernet Interface ................................................................ 7
The Adapter's Buttons ................................................................. 7
The Adapter's LEDs ....................................................................... 8
HOW TO INSTALL THE UTILITY ........................................................ 11
HOW TO USE THE UTILITY ................................................................ 14
Main Tab ....................................................................................... 14
Privacy Tab .................................................................................. 17
Diagnostics Tab .......................................................................... 19
HOW TO USE THE SECURITY\RESET PUSHBUTTON .................... 22
Forming a HomePlug AV logical network ........................... 22
Joining a Network ...................................................................... 23
Leaving a Network..................................................................... 23
HOW TO IMPROVE THE TRANSMISSION CAPACITY ................ 25
APPENDIX A SPECIFICATIONS ................................................... 26
APPENDIX B ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS .................. 27
DISPOSAL .......................................................................................... 27
3
INTRODUCTION
The PI699E2.8P45A-3 is a mini-PLC adapter. It can transmit data up to 500
Mbps in the household powerline. It can be connected to the power socket
directly without new wire. The PI699E2.8P45A-3 adapter can enter power
save mode triggered by multiple conditions. It can help you to establish a
high-speed network that supports video, voice and data without wiring and
drilling. It is suitable for using in a wide range of both residential (at home)
and commercial (offices, apartments, hotels, warehouses) network
applications.
Product Features




Without new wiring, every power socket becomes a connection node
in the household.
Plug-and-play to your routers, computers and other network devices.
Provides power save mode. In the power save mode, the output
consumption of the device is less than 0.5 W.
The physical data rate is up to 500 Mbps.
Application




High Definition (HD) and Standard Definition (SD) video distribution
Higher data rate broadband sharing for powerline LAN
Shared broadband internet access
TV over IP (IPTV) and Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
4
PLC Camera
Powerline
WiFi Extender
PLC
ADSL
FTTH
PLC
PLC
Figure 1 PLC network architecture
System Requirements






Operating system: Windows 98SE, 2000, ME, XP 32/64 bit and Vista
32/64 bit
CPU: Intel Pentium III or better, clock rate faster than 2.0 GHz
recommended
RAM: At least 128 MB
Screen resolution: Any resolution
Free disk space: At least 20 MB
Network interface: At least one Fast Ethernet (100 Mbps) network
card, and a Ethernet Cord
Packing List



PI699E2.8P46A-3 x 2
CD ROM x 1
RJ45 Ethernet cable x 2
5
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
This device is intended for connection to the AC powerline. For installation
instructions, please refer to the installation section of this guide. The
following precautions should be taken when using this product.

Read all instructions before installing and operating this product.

Follow all warnings and instructions marked on the product.

Unplug the device from the wall outlet before cleaning. Use a
damp cloth for cleaning. Do not use liquid cleaners or aerosol
cleaners.

Do not operate this product near water.

This product should never be placed near or over a radiator or
heat register.

Do not use an extension cord between the device and the AC
power source.

Only a qualified technician should service this product. Opening
or removing covers may result in exposure to dangerous voltage
points or other risks.

Do not plug the device into a power strip or surge protector
because these devices may consist of filter and impair signal.

Avoid plugging the device right next to noisy sources such as cell
phone charger, Halogen light, noisy desktop computer, vacuum
cleaner, etc. These cases result in poor transmission speed.

Unplug the device from the wall outlet and refer the product to
qualified service personnel for the following conditions:

If liquid has been spilled into the product

If the product has been exposed to rain or water

If the product does not operate normally when the operating
instructions are followed

If the product exhibits a distinct change in performance
6
GETTING TO KNOW THE ADAPTER
The Ethernet Interface
Ethernet: The Ethernet port connects to an Ethernet network cable. The
other end of the cable connects to your computer or other
Ethernet-enabled network device.
The Adapter's Buttons
The following figure shows the adapter’s buttons.
Figure 2 Side panel of the device
Reset\Security: Set the status of the device members or restore the factory
default settings.
.


Pressing and holding the Button for less than 3 seconds makes the
adapter a member of the existing AVLN.
Pressing and holding the Button for between 5 seconds and 8
seconds randomizes the Security value.
7

Pressing and holding the Button for between 10 seconds and 15
seconds makes the adapter restore the factory default settings.
The Adapter's LEDs
All adapter's LEDs are located on the front panel. There are 3 LEDs to
indicate the adapter’s status.
Figure 3 Top view
8
The following table describes the LEDs on the device.
LED
Color
Behavior
Description
On
System runs normally.
System is resetting.
Password synchronization is in progress.
Power
Adpater is in Power Saving mode,
Green
Blink
flashing evenly at 3 second interval
(System enters the power save mode, if
there is no link on Ethernet for 1 minute).
-
Off
The PLC adapter is powered off.
Green
On
Ethernet connection has established.
Blink
Data is being transmitted.
Off
No Ethernet connection.
Ethernet
-
The PLC adapter has connected to the
powerline network. The Data LED color
Green/
Orange
Data
On
/Red
will vary according to the physical rate.
PHY RATE > 80 Mbps: green
20 < PHY RATE < 80 Mbps: orange
PHY RATE < 20 Mbps: red
-
Off
The PLC adapter does not connect to
the powerline network.
9
Note:
When data is being transmitted, the Data indicator keeps on but
does not blink.
10
HOW TO INSTALL THE UTILITY
Note:
Before installing the PLC utility software, make sure that there is no
any other powerline utility installed on your computer. If there is
another utility installed, please uninstall it and restart your computer.
Follow the steps below to install the utility. No password or CD-Key is
needed.
Step 1
Please insert the utility CD into the computer’s CD-ROM drive.
Select the PLC 500AV Utility Installation folder and then
double-click the setup.exe. The page for installing the utility
software is displayed.
Figure 4 Open the setup wizard
Step 2
Click Next to display the following page.
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Figure 5 License agreement
Step 3
Select I Agree and click Next to display the following page.
Figure 6 Selecting the folder
Step 4
Click Browse… to select the installation folder, and then click Next
to continue.
12
Figure 7 Confirm installation
Step 5
Click Next to display the following page.
Figure 8 Completing the installation
Step 6
Click Close to finish the installation.
13
HOW TO USE THE UTILITY
1.
Click the desktop icon below to enter the configuration page.
Figure 9 Desktop icon
Main Tab
The Main screen provides a list of all powerline devices logically connected
to the computer when the utility is running.
The top panel shows the local HomePlugAV devices connected to the
network interface card (NIC) of the computer. Click Connect. The utility
automatically scans the powerline periodically for other HomePlugAV
devices connected to it. If no local HomePlugAV device is discovered, the
status bar displays NO HOMEPLUG ADAPTERS DETECTED.
Figure 10 Main tab
14
The lower panel displays all the HomePlugAV remote devices, which are
discovered in the current logical network. The total number of remote
devices connected in the same network is displayed above the remote
device panel. Network type (Public or Private) depends on the network
status of the local device. Autoscan shows whether the autoscan function is
on. The following information is displayed for all the devices that appear in
the lower panel.
Device Name
This column shows the default device name, which may be modified. To
change the name, click Rename, or click the name and edit it in the list.
MAC Address
This column shows the MAC addresses of the remote devices.
Password
By default, this column is blank. You can click Enter Password to change it.
The steps for setting the password of the device (required when creating a
private network) are as follows:
1.
2.
Click the device name to select the device in the lower panel.
Click Enter Password. A dialog box appears, showing the device
name and password. Figure 11.
15
Figure 11 Setting the device password
1.
Click OK to verify the password. The password field accepts the
device password in any case formats, with or without dash. A
confirmation box appears if the password is entered correctly. If a
device is not found, a message appears, providing suggestions
to solve the common problems. This process might take a few
seconds to get completed.
Add
This button is used to add a remote device to the existing network by
entering the device password of the device. A dialog box appears. Figure
12. You can enter a device name and the password.
If the device is found and the password is entered correctly, a confirmation
box appears. If a device is not found, a message appears, providing
suggestions to solve the common problems.
16
Figure 12 Adding the remote device
Note:
The device must be in the powerline (plugged in), so that you can
confirm the password and add the device to the network. If the
device is not located, a warning message appears.
Scan
This button is used to perform an immediate search for HomePlugAV
devices connected to the powerline network. By default, the utility
automatically scans every a few seconds and updates the displayed
information.
Privacy Tab
In the Privacy screen, you can maintain security for the logical network and
select the device included in the network. See Figure 13.
17
Figure 13 Privacy tab
All HomePlugAV devices are loaded using a default logical network
(network name), which is normally “HomePlugAV”. In the Privacy screen,
you can modify a private network by changing the network names and the
passwords of the devices.
You can always reset to the HomePlugAV network (Public) by entering
“HomePlugAV” as the network name or by clicking on the Use Default
button.
Note:
If the network name changes to anything other than HomePlugAV,
the network type in the main screen is displayed as Private.
Set Local Device Only
This button is used to change the network name and password of the local
device. If a new network password is entered, all the devices appeared in
the main panel prior to this are no longer present in the new network,
18
effectively making the local devices not to communicate to the devices
which are in the old logical network. Click Set Local Device Only, the
devices previously set up with the same logical network (same network
name) appears in the device list.
Set All Devices
This button is used to change the logical network of all devices that appear
in the main panel. If these devices whose passwords have been entered for
the same logical network, a dialog box appears, indicating the success of
this operation. For the devices whose passwords are not entered, this
operation will fail and it will report a failure message.
Diagnostics Tab
The Diagnostics screen shows the system information and history of all
remote devices appeared over a period of time. See Figure 13.
The Upper panel shows technical data concerning software and hardware
on the host computer that are used to communicate through HomePlug on
the powerline network. It includes the following:

Operating system platform/version

Host network name

User name

MAC address of all NICs (Network interface card) connected to
the host

Identify versions of all driver DLLs and libraries used (NDIS) and
optionally

HomePlug chipset manufacturer name (Turbo Only devices)

MAC firmware version (Turbo Only devices)

MAC addresses of all devices connected locally to the host

Version of the configuration utility

Vendor name
19
Figure 14 Diagnostics tab
The Lower panel displays the history of all remote devices appeared on the
computer over a certain period of time. All the devices and the parameters
of the devices on the powerline network are listed. Devices that are active
on the current logical network show a transfer rate in the rate column.
Devices on other networks, or devices that no longer exist are shown with a
“?” in the rate column. The following remote device information is available
from the diagnostics screen:

Device alias name

MAC address

Password

Device last known rate

Device last known network name

HomePlug chipset manufacturer name

Date device last seen on the network

MAC firmware version
The diagnostics information displayed can be saved to a text file for later
use, or be printed for reference for a technical support call. Click Delete to
delete the devices which are no longer part of the network. A dialog
window pops up with a confirmation message if the user wants to delete a
device whose password has been entered.
20
About Tab
The About screen shows the software version and provides a html link to a
website, such as http://www.qua.qualcomm.com. Clicking the web
address, you can visit the web site.
Figure 15 About tab
Preferences
The lower part of the panel displays options for turning the autoscan
function on or off.
21
HOW TO USE THE SECURITY\RESET PUSHBUTTON
This chapter describes how to use the security\reset pushbutton to add
new devices into or remove devices from a HomePlug AV logical network
(AVLN).
You can monitor the operation progress and results by observing the Power
LED status.
Forming a HomePlug AV logical network
Scenario:
Devices A and B with different NMK values are connected to the same
powerline. Users want to use them to form a logical network.
Figure 16 Form a HomePlugAV network
Do as follows to form a logical network:
1. Press the Security\Reset pushbutton on device A or B for about 5-8
seconds. The device will reset and restart with a random NMK.
2. Press the Security\Reset button on device A for less than 3
seconds.
3. Within 2 minutes, press the Security\Reset button on device B for
less than 3 seconds.
4. Wait for connection to complete.
The power indicator on both devices will flash evenly at 1 second intervals
until the operation succeeds or fails. If the connection succeeds, the Power
and Data indicators on both devices illuminate steadily. If the connection
fails, the Power indicators on both devices keep steady on, but the Data
indicators on both devices are off. In that case, repeat steps 1-4.
22
Joining a Network
Scenario:
Devices A and B are located in network N. Users want to add device C (the
joiner) into network N. Any devices on network N can become the ‘adder’.
Figure 17 Join a HomePlugAV network
Do as follows to add device C to network N using the Security\Reset button:
1. Press the Security\Reset pushbutton on device C (the joiner) for
about 5-8 seconds. The device will reset and restart with a random
NMK.
2. Press the Security\Reset button on device C (the ‘joiner’) for less
than 3 seconds.
3. Within 30 seconds, press the Security\Reset button on device A (or
device B) for less than 3 seconds.
4. Wait for connection to complete.
The power indicator on both devices will flash evenly at 1 second intervals
until the operation succeeds or fails. If the connection succeeds, the Power
and Data indicators on both devices illuminate steadily. If the connection
fails, the Power indicators on both devices keep steady on, but the Data
indicators on both devices are off. In that case, repeat steps 1-4.
Leaving a Network
Scenario:
Device C is located in a network. Users want to remove device C (the
‘leaver’) from its network.
23
Figure 18 Remove a device from a network
Do as follows to remove device C from network N:
1. Press the Security\Reset pushbutton on device C (the ‘leaver’) for
about 5-8 seconds. The device will reset and restart with a random
NMK.
2. Wait for reset to complete.
The Power indicator on device C momentarily extinguishes during reset,
blinks during restart, and then illuminates steadily.
After device C is removed from its existing network, users can disconnect
the device from the medium or join it to another logical network on the
same medium.
24
HOW TO IMPROVE THE TRANSMISSION CAPACITY
It is important to use the PLC product complying with the following "correct
rules", because it can significantly improve the transmission capacity of the
network.
For the PLC device without female socket, it is recommended to plug the
device directly into a wall socket, not to power stripe.
√
×
Figure 19 Connecting the PLC device without the female socket
25
APPENDIX A
SPECIFICATIONS
Chipset
Atheros AR7420
Protocol
HomePlug AV, IEEE1901
Co-exists with existing HomePlug 1.0
System Support
Windows 98SE, 2000, ME, XP 32/64 bit and Vista
32/64 bit
PLC PHY Rate
500 Mbps (Max)
Modulation Band
2~68 MHz
Modulation Schemes
Supports OFDM 4096/1024/256/64/16/8-QAM,
QPSK, BPSK and ROBO
Encryption
128 AES
LED’s
Power
Ethernet
Data
Push Button
Reset: Restore the factory default settings
Security: Set the network password automatically
Consumption
3W
Operating
Temperature
0 ºC to 40 ºC
Storage Temperature
-20 ºC to 70 ºC
Operating Humidity
10 % to 90 %, non-condensing
Storage Humidity
5 % to 95 %, non-condensing
Input Rating
100-240 VAC, 50/60 Hz
Certifications
CE, UL, FCC Part 15 Class B
Green Standard
RoHS
Physical Dimension
L×W×H: 116 mm × 60 mm × 41 mm
Weight
180 g
26
APPENDIX B
AVLN
CCo
CSMA/CA
DAK
DM
IGMP
NEK
NID
NMK
PLC
PIB
STA
TDMA
TEI
TOS
VLAN
ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
AV In-home Logical Network, the AVLAN is the set of STAs
that possess the same network membership key. Every
AVLN is managed by a single CCo.
Central Coordinator
Carrier Sense Multiple Access / Collision Avoidance
Device Access Key
Device Manager
Internet Group Management Protocol
Network Encryption Key
Network ID (Identification)
Network Membership Key
Powerline Communication
Parameter Information Block
Station, a STA in the network with a connection to the
powerline and being able to source or sink traffic
Time Division Multiple Access
Terminal Equipment Identifier
Type Of Service
Virtual Local Area Network
DISPOSAL
Batteries, electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) contains
materials, parts and substances, which can be dangerous to the
environment and harmful to human health if waste of electrical and
electronic equipment (WEEE) is not disposed of correctly.
Batteries, electrical and electronic equipment, which is marked with
the WEEE logo (as shown on the left), should not be thrown away
with your household waste. Contact your Local Authority Waste
Disposal Department, as they will be able to provide details of the
recycling options available in your area.
27
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