LV installation guide

LV installation guide
Guide for the design and
production of LV
compensation cubicles
400/415 V - 50 Hz network
2007
Contents
Presentation
Design of an LV compensation cubicle
Key points and risks
2
3
Reactive power
Power definition
5
1
Electrical network pollution
Choice of compensation type
Choice of detuned reactor tuning frequency
6
8
2
Control and monitoring system
Physical and electrical control
Safety delay
9
11
3
Choice of products
Power factor correction modules 50 Hz network
Capacitors 50 Hz network
Capacitors 60 Hz network
Detuned reactors
Varlogic N power factor controller
Contactors
12
20
26
33
36
38
4
Cubicle installation
Power factor correction modules
Varplus2 capacitors
Detuned reactors
40
43
45
Ventilation system
Classic and comfort range
Harmony range
Derating for an ambient temperature 50 °C
46
47
49
6
Choice of protective devices
Circuit breakers – Fuses
50
Choice of cables
Power and auxiliary circuits
7
52
Customer installation recommendations
Current transformers and C/K
53
Test to be done
The means
The tests
Check list
List of inspections
55
56
59
60
25 juillet 2007
1
5
8
Presentation
Design of a LV compensation
cubicle
In addition to the rules and standards concerning
production of electrical switchboards the LV
correction switchboards require the
consideration of specific constraints.
1- The Varpact compensation
modules (see pages 40 to 42)
b mounted, pre-cabled and tested in the factory
b adaptation in all cubicle types
b perfect association of components
The Varplus² capacitors
(see pages 43 and 44)
Their positioning must ensure proper ventilation.
Their sizing must take into account ambient
conditions (harmonics, temperature, etc…)
The contactors (see pages 38 and 39)
They must be suited to capacitor control.
Schneider Electric have designed and tested
specific contactors (Telemecanique) for this
application.
Their control voltage must be monitored in order
to prevent rapid reclosing.
2- The detuned reactors (DR)
(see pages 33 to 35 and 45)
They must be chosen according to harmonic
stresses and installed in order to avoid, as far as
possible, capacitor temperature rise.
The DR temperature sensor must be connected
so that the step can be disconnected if the
temperature is too high.
To not respect one of these 7 rules can shorten the operating life of the capacitors (in a few months) as a result
of an excessive temperature, harmonic stresses or an over voltage due to the wrong setting of the controller.
It can lead to the rupture of the capacitors, contactors, wirings or detuned reactors.
In the worst case, this can lead to fire.
2
Presentation
Key points and risks
3- Ventilation (see pages 46 to 49)
It must be efficient in order to keep operating
temperature lower than maximum permissible
temperature of components.
4- The power factor controller
(see pages 36 and 37)
Its functions must be adapted to the capacitor
bank characteristics: number and power of steps,
sequence, etc. The time delay must be adapted
to capacitor discharge time.
Time delay must be set to a minimum
of 50 secondes (see page 11).
5- Low voltage network
(see pages 6 to 8)
Network characteristics, and in particular network
harmonic pollution, must absolutely be taken into
account when choosing capacitors and detuned
reactors (if any).
6- Tests to be done after
production of the bank (see p. 55 to 60)
At the end of the manufacturing process,
a LV switchboard must undergo various routine
inspections and tests in the factory, following an
established programme.
The switchboard must comply with :
b the appropriate standards
b the design file (drawings, diagrams and
specific requirements)
b manufacturer mounting instructions
b in-house instructions.
7- Maintenance must be done
every year
One month after energising, check:
b contactor terminal tightening torques.
Each year check:
b general cleanliness of the equipment
b filters and ventilation system
b terminal tightening torques.
b proper working order of switching and
protective devices
b temperature in the premises:
-5 °C to +40 °C max
b capacitor capacitance, consult us if the
capacitance value has changed by more
than 10 %.
3
4
Reactive power
Power definition
Network characteristics
Network voltage and frequency are the basic factors that determine the size
of an LV compensation cubicle. The reactive power Q varies according to
the squared voltage and the frequency.
Q = U2 x C x ω
C = capacitance
ω = 2 πf
1
f = network frequency
It is calculated:
b either from the electricity bills, to avoid paying for the reactive energy
b or from tan ϕ and a target tan ϕ’.
DB109689
Calculation of the reactive power
to be installed
where:
Q = reactive power
U = network voltage
Compensation schematic diagram:
Qc = Pa (tg ϕ - tg ϕ').
kvar installation calculation table
Before
Capacitor power in kvar to be installed per kW of load to increase the power factor (cos ϕ) or tan ϕ to
compensation a given value
tg ϕ
1.33
1.30
1.27
1.23
1.20
1.17
1.14
1.11
1.08
1.05
1.02
0.99
0.96
0.94
0.91
0.88
0.86
0.83
0.80
0.78
0.75
0.72
0.70
0.67
0.65
0.62
0.59
0.57
0.54
0.51
0.48
cos ϕ
0.60
0.61
0.62
0.63
0.64
0.65
0.66
0.67
0.68
0.69
0.70
0.71
0.72
0.73
0.74
0.75
0.76
0.77
0.78
0.79
0.80
0.81
0.82
0.83
0.84
0.85
0.86
0.87
0.88
0.89
0.90
tg ϕ
cos ϕ
0.75
0.80
0.584
0.549
0.515
0.483
0.450
0.419
0.388
0.358
0.329
0.299
0.270
0.242
0.213
0.186
0.159
0.132
0.105
0.079
0.053
0.026
0.59
0.86
0.733
0.699
0.665
0.633
0.601
0.569
0.538
0.508
0.478
0.449
0.420
0.392
0.364
0.336
0.309
0.282
0.255
0.229
0.202
0.176
0.150
0.124
0.098
0.072
0.046
0.020
0.48
0.90
0.849
0.815
0.781
0.749
0.716
0.685
0.654
0.624
0.595
0.565
0.536
0.508
0.479
0.452
0.425
0.398
0.371
0.345
0.319
0.292
0.266
0.240
0.214
0.188
0.162
0.136
0.109
0.083
0.054
0.028
0.46
0.91
0.878
0.843
0.809
0.777
0.744
0.713
0.682
0.652
0.623
0.593
0.564
0.536
0.507
0.480
0.453
0.426
0.399
0.373
0.347
0.320
0.294
0.268
0.242
0.216
0.190
0.164
0.140
0.114
0.085
0.059
0.031
0.43
0.92
0.905
0.870
0.836
0.804
0.771
0.740
0.709
0.679
0.650
0.620
0.591
0.563
0.534
0.507
0.480
0.453
0.426
0.400
0.374
0.347
0.321
0.295
0.269
0.243
0.217
0.191
0.167
0.141
0.112
0.086
0.058
0.40
0.93
0.939
0.904
0.870
0.838
0.805
0.774
0.743
0.713
0.684
0.654
0.625
0.597
0.568
0.541
0.514
0.487
0.460
0.434
0.408
0.381
0.355
0.329
0.303
0.277
0.251
0.225
0.198
0.172
0.143
0.117
0.089
0.36
0.94
0.971
0.936
0.902
0.870
0.837
0.806
0.775
0.745
0.716
0.686
0.657
0.629
0.600
0.573
0.546
0.519
0.492
0.466
0.440
0.413
0.387
0.361
0.335
0.309
0.283
0.257
0.230
0.204
0.175
0.149
0.121
0.33
0.95
1.005
0.970
0.936
0.904
0.871
0.840
0.809
0.779
0.750
0.720
0.691
0.663
0.634
0.607
0.580
0.553
0.526
0.500
0.474
0.447
0.421
0.395
0.369
0.343
0.317
0.291
0.264
0.238
0.209
0.183
0.155
0.29
0.96
1.043
1.008
0.974
0.942
0.909
0.878
0.847
0.817
0.788
0.758
0.729
0.701
0.672
0.645
0.618
0.591
0.564
0.538
0.512
0.485
0.459
0.433
0.407
0.381
0.355
0.329
0.301
0.275
0.246
0.230
0.192
0.25
0.97
1.083
1.048
1.014
0.982
0.949
0.918
0.887
0.857
0.828
0.798
0.769
0.741
0.712
0.685
0.658
0.631
0.604
0.578
0.552
0.525
0.499
0.473
0.447
0.421
0.395
0.369
0.343
0.317
0.288
0.262
0.234
0.20
0.98
1.131
1.096
1.062
1.030
0.997
0.966
0.935
0.905
0.876
0.840
0.811
0.783
0.754
0.727
0.700
0.673
0.652
0.620
0.594
0.567
0.541
0.515
0.489
0.463
0.437
0.417
0.390
0.364
0.335
0.309
0.281
0.14
0.99
1.192
1.157
1.123
1.091
1.058
1.007
0.996
0.966
0.937
0.907
0.878
0.850
0.821
0.794
0.767
0.740
0.713
0.687
0.661
0.634
0.608
0.582
0.556
0.530
0.504
0.478
0.450
0.424
0.395
0.369
0.341
0.08
1
1.334
1.299
1.265
1.233
1.200
1.169
1.138
1.108
1.079
1.049
1.020
0.992
0.963
0.936
0.909
0.882
0.855
0.829
0.803
0.776
0.750
0.724
0.698
0.672
0.645
0.620
0.593
0.567
0.538
0.512
0.484
5
Electrical network pollution Choice of compensation type
Devices using power electronics (variable speed drives,
rectifiers, UPS, arc furnaces, fluorescent lamps, etc.)
circulate harmonic currents in electrical networks.
Such harmonics can interfere with the operation of many
devices. Capacitors are highly sensitive to harmonics.
A high level of harmonic pollution causes capacitors to
overheat and age prematurely (breakdown).
Different types of compensation must be chosen
according to the power of the harmonic generators.
DB109690
Compensation equipment can be of three types (Classic, Comfort,
Harmony), depending on the level of network harmonic pollution.
It can be selected as follows:
b according to the Gh/Sn ratio:
Example 1
U = 400 V P = 450 kW
Sn = 800 kVA Gh = 50 kVA
Gh
-------- = 6,2 %
V Classic equipment
Sn
Sn: apparent power of the transformer.
Gh: apparent power of harmonics-generating receivers
(variable speed motors, static converters, power
electronics, etc.).
Qc: power of the compensation equipment.
U: network voltage.
Example 2
U = 400 V P = 300 kW
Gh
-------- = 18,75 %
Sn
Example 3
U = 400 V P = 100 kW
Gh
-------- = 50 %
Sn
Sn = 800 kVA Gh = 150 kVA
V
Comfort equipment
Sn = 800 kVA Gh = 400 kVA
V
Harmony equipment
b or according to the percentage of total harmonic current distorsion THD(I)
measured:
S
THD ( I ) × ------- < 5 %
V Classic equipment
Sn
DB110650
2
S
5 % < THD ( I ) × ------- < 10 %
Sn
V
Comfort equipment
S
10 % < THD ( I ) × ------- < 20 %
Sn
V
Harmony equipment
Sn = apparent power of the transformer.
S = load in kVA at the transformer secondary at the time of measurement.
(1) Beyond 50 %, a harmonic filtering study is required.
b or according to the percentage of total harmonic voltage distorsion
THD(U) measured:
THD(U) %
Classic
Comfort
Harmony
Filters
y2%
2 % < ... y 3 %
3 % < ... y 5 %
>5%
Note: harmonics must be measured at the transformer secondary, at maximum load
and without capacitors.
The apparent power at the time of measurement must be taken into account.
6
Electrical network pollution Choix du type de compensation
Customer needs
Below table describes typical solutions used in several types of activities.
Very frenquently
Usually
Occasionally
In any case, it is recommended to make measurements at site in order to
validate the final solution.
Classic
Gh/Sn y 15 %
Pollution rate
Industry
Food and beverage
Textile
Wood
Paper
Printing
Chemical - pharmac
Plastic
Glass - Ceramic
Steel making
Metallurgy
Automotive
Cement
Mines
Reffinery
Micro-electronic
Tertiary
Banks - insurances
Supermarkets
Hospitals
Stadium
Amusement parks
Hotels - Offices
Energy & Infrastructures
Sub-station
Water distribution
Internet farm
Wind mills
Railways
Airports
Subway
Harbours
Tunnels
Comfort
Harmony
15 % < Gh/Sn y 25 % 25 % < Gh/Sn y 50 %
7
2
Electrical network pollution Choice of detuned reactor tuning
frequency
General
DB110651
The detuned reactors (DR) are designed to protect the capacitors by
preventing amplification of the harmonics present on the network.
They must be connected in series with the capacitors.
The detuned reactors generate an overvoltage at the
capacitor terminals. Capacitors of at least 480 V must be used
for a 400 V network.
2
DB110652
Technical data
Choice of tuning
The tuning frequency fr corresponds to the resonance frequency of
the L-C assembly.
1
fr = ------------------2π LC
We also speak of tuning order n.
For a 50 Hz network:
DB110653
fr
n = ---------------50 Hz
b the tuning frequency chosen must ensure that the harmonic current
spectrum range is outside the resonance frequency
b it is essential to ensure that no remote control frequencies are disturbed.
The most common tuning orders are 3.8 or 4.3 (2.7 is used for 3rd order
harmonics).
Curve: impedance module at point A
DR, 400 V, 50 Hz tuning frequency selection table
Harmonic generators (Gh)
Three-phase
Variable speed drives, rectifiers, UPS, starters
Remote control frequency (Ft)
Without
165 < Ft y 250 Hz 250 < Ft y 350 Hz Ft > 350 Hz
Tuning frequency
135 Hz
190 Hz
215 Hz
Tuning frequency
135 Hz
135 Hz (1)
-
190 Hz
-
215 Hz
-
Single-phase (Gh > 10 % Sn)
Discharge lamps, electronic ballast lamps, fluorescent
135 Hz
135 Hz
lamps, UPS, variable speed drives, welding machines
Single-phase Gh: power of single-phase harmonic generators in kVA.
(1) A tuning frequency of 215 Hz can be used in France with a remote control frequency of 175 Hz.
135 Hz
Concordance between tuning frequency, tuning order and relative
impedance (50 Hz network)
Tuning frequency (fr) Tuning order
Relative impedance
(n = fr/f)
(P = 1/n2) in %
135 Hz
190 Hz
215 Hz
8
2.7
3.8
4.3
13.7 %
6.92 %
5.4 %
Control and monitoring
system
Physical and electrical control
The Varlogic power factor controllers continually measure the reactive
power of the system and switch the capacitor steps ON and OFF to obtain
the required power factor. Their ten step combinations enable them to
control capacitors of different powers.
Step combinations
1.1.1.1.1.1
1.2.3.3.3.3
1.1.2.2.2.2
1.2.3.4.4.4
1.1.2.3.3.3
1.2.3.6.6.6
1.1.2.4.4.4
1.2.4.4.4.4
1.2.2.2.2.2
1.2.4.8.8.8
These combinations ensure accurate control, by reducing:
b the number of power factor correction modules
b labour.
Optimising the control in this way generates considerable financial benefits.
Explanations
Q1 = Power of the first step
Q2 = Power of the second step
Q3 = Power of the third step
Q4 = Power of the fourth step
etc.
Qn = Power of the nth step (maximum 12)
3
Examples
1.1.1.1.1.1 :Q2 = Q1, Q3 = Q1, …, Qn = Q1
1.1.2.2.2.2 :Q2 = Q1, Q3 = 2Q1, Q4 = 2Q1, …, Qn = 2Q1
1.2.3.4.4.4 :Q2 =2Q1, Q3 = 3Q1, Q4= 4Q1, …, Qn = 4Q1
1.2.4.8.8.8 :Q2 = 2Q1, Q3 = 4Q1, Q4= 8 Q1, …, Qn = 8 Q1
Calculating the number of electrical steps
The number of electrical steps (e.g. 13)
Depends on:
b the number of controller outputs used (e.g. 7)
b the chosen combination, according to the power of the various steps
(e.g. 1.2.2.2).
Number of electrical steps
Combinations Number of controller outputs used
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
1.1.1.1.1.1…
1.1.2.2.2.2…
1.2.2.2.2.2…
1.1.2.3.3.3…
1.2.3.3.3.3…
1.1.2.4.4.4…
1.2.3.4.4.4…
1.2.4.4.4.4…
1.2.3.6.6.6…
1.2.4.8.8.8…
9
16
17
22
24
28
30
31
42
55
10
18
19
25
27
32
34
35
48
63
11
20
21
28
30
36
38
39
54
71
12
22
23
31
33
40
42
43
60
79
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
3
2
3
2
3
3
3
3
3
4
5
4
6
4
6
7
6
7
4
6
7
7
9
8
10
11
12
15
5
8
9
10
12
12
14
15
18
23
6
10
11
13
15
16
18
19
24
31
7
12
13
16
18
20
22
23
30
39
8
14
15
19
21
24
26
27
36
47
9
Control and monitoring
system
Physical and electrical control
Example
150 kvar 400 V 50 Hz
Solution 1: physical control 10 x 15 kvar
15 + 15 + 15 + 15 + 15 + 15 + 15 + 15 + 15 + 15 ; sequence : 1.1.1.1.1.1
b 10 physical steps
b 10 contactors
b 12-step controller.
Labour, high cost: non-optimised solution.
Solution 2: electrical control 10 x 15 kvar
15 + 30 + 45 + 60 = 10 x 15 kvar electrical; sequence: 1.2.3.4
b 4 physical steps allowing for 10 different powers
b 4 contactors
b 6-step controller.
Optimisation of the compensation cubicle.
Possible powers (kvar)
3
Physical steps
15
30
15
b
30
45
b
60
b
75
(v)
90
b
105
b
135
150
b
(v) Other possible combinations.
b
b
b
b (v)
b
b
b
45
60
(v)
b
b
b
(v)
b
b
(v)
(v)
(v)
b (v)
b
b
Other solutions
10 x 15 kvar electrical
Sequence: 1.1.2.2.2 : 15 + 15 + 30 + 30 + 30 + 30 kvar.
Sequence: 1.1.2.3.3 : 15 + 15 + 30 + 45 + 45 kvar.
10
Control and monitoring
system
Safety delay
The Varplus2 capacitors have an internal discharge resistor that reduces
the voltage to 50 V in 1 minute after disconnection from the network.
It is essential that the discharge time be observed to prevent the capacitors
and contactors from ageing prematurely.
Automatic capacitor bank
The safety delay of the Varlogic controller must be set to a minimum of
50 seconds.
When the supply to the contactors is separate or different from the supply
to the controller, the control circuit must be wired to ensure that the
discharge time (60 s) of the capacitor is observed (for example the
contactors and the controller must be disconnected at the same time).
Fixed capacitor bank
In the case of manually controlled capacitors, there must be a system to
ensure that no capacitor can be connected more than once in less than
1 minute.
11
3
Choice of products
Power factor correction modules
50 Hz network
400/415 V network voltage
Varpact Classic power factor correction modules
PB101972-68A
Varpact power factor correction module
form a prewired automatic compensation
subassembly designed for fixing in standalone cubicles or inside Main Low Voltage
Switchboard.
For no polluted network (Gh/Sn y 15 %)
Varpact "with cable connection"
400 V
(kvar)
12.5
25
30
40
45
50
60
80
90
100
120
6.25 + 12.5
12.5 + 12.5
10 + 20
15 + 15
20 + 20
15 + 30
30 + 30
20 + 40
25 + 50
30 + 60
40 + 40
45 + 45
50 + 50
40 + 80
60 + 60
Step
Single
Single
Single
Single
Single
Single
Single
Single
Single
Single
Single
Double
Double
Double
Double
Double
Double
Double
Double
Double
Double
Double
Double
Double
Double
Double
Reference
51775
51776
51777
51778
51779
51780
51781
51719
51782
51783
51784
51785
51786
51787
51788
51789
51790
51791
51792
51793
51794
51795
51729
51796
51797
51798
Weight
(kg)
9
10
10
10
12
12
13
14
14.5
14.5
16
10.5
10.5
10.5
10.5
10.7
10.7
13.7
13.7
14.5
14.5
14.5
15.5
16
16
16
Varpact B "with busbar connection"
DB110647
Varpact Classic B "with busbar connection".
DB110648
4
PB101975-68A
Varpact Classic "with cable connection".
Varpact Classic
Varpact Classic and Classic B dimensions.
(1) Fixing point.
12
400 V
(kvar)
12.5
25
30
40
45
50
60
80
90
100
120
6.25 + 12.5
12.5 + 12.5
10 + 20
15 + 15
20 + 20
15 + 30
30 + 30
20 + 40
25 + 50
30 + 60
40 + 40
45 + 45
50 + 50
40 + 80
60 + 60
Step
Single
Single
Single
Single
Single
Single
Single
Single
Single
Single
Single
Double
Double
Double
Double
Double
Double
Double
Double
Double
Double
Double
Double
Double
Double
Double
Reference
51950
51951
51952
51953
51954
51977
51978
51967
51979
51980
51981
51982
51983
51984
51985
51986
51987
51988
51989
51990
51991
51992
51970
51993
51994
51995
Weight
(kg)
12
13
13
13
15
15
16
17
17.5
17.5
19
13.5
13.5
13.5
13.5
13.7
13.7
16.7
16.7
17.5
17.5
17.5
18.5
19
19
19
Choice of products
Power factor correction modules
50 Hz network
400/415 V network voltage
Varpact Classic power factor correction modules
Technical data
b capacitor rated voltage: 415 V, three phase 50 Hz
b capacitance value tolerance: -5, +10 %
b insulation level:
v 0.69 kV
v withstand 50 Hz, 1 min: 3 kV
b maximum permissible overcurrent: 30 % max. (400 V)
b maximum permissible overvoltage: 10 % (8 hours over 24 hours
as in IEC 60831)
b ambient temperature around the capacitor bank (electrical room):
v maximum temperature: 40 °C
v average temperature over 24 hours: 35 °C
v average annual temperature: 25 °C
v minimum temperature: -5 °C
b busbar withstand Isc : 35 kA
b losses:
v with cable connection: y 1.9 W/kvar (maximum current)
v with busbar connection: y 2,3 W/kvar (maximum current)
b degree of protection: accidentals front face direct contact protection
device
b colour: RAL 7016
b standards: IEC 60439-1, EN 60439-1, IEC 61921.
Accessories
Ref.
Connection module
With fixing kit (600, 650, 700, 800 wide cubicle)
Fastening crosspieces
Set of 2 crosspieces
Extension pieces
For Prisma Plus cubicle W = 650 mm
For universal cubicle W = 700 mm
For universal cubicle W = 800 mm
Circuit breaker protection
52800
Maximum reactive power
Additionnal circuit breaker 60/63 A protection kit
Additionnal circuit breaker 100 A protection kit
Additionnal circuit breaker 160 A protection kit
Additionnal circuit breaker 250 A protection kit
Until 30 kvar
From 31 to 50 kvar
From 51 to 80 kvar
From 81 to 120 kvar
51670
51635
51637
51639
51626
51627
51628
51629
Installation
b horizontal fixing in functional and universal cubicles, 400 and
500 mm deep
v in cubicle W = 600 mm using fastening crosspieces
v in cubicle W = 650, 700 and 800 mm using fastening crosspieces
and extension pieces
b vertical fastening every 300 mm (maximum 5 modules) directly to cubicle
uprights using sliding crosspieces or to intermediate upright support
b control circuit power supply: 230 V, 50 Hz.
13
4
Choice of products
Power factor correction modules
50 Hz network
400/415 V network voltage
Varpact Comfort power factor correction modules
PB101972-68A
Varpact power factor correction module
form a prewired automatic compensation
subassembly designed for fixing in standalone cubicles or inside Main Low Voltage
Switchboard.
DB110647
Varpact Comfort B "with busbar connection".
Varpact Comfort and Comfort B dimensions.
DB110648
4
PB101975-68A
Varpact Comfort "with cable connection".
(1) Fixing point.
14
Varpact Comfort
For polluted network (15 % < Gh/Sn y 25 %)
Varpact "with cable connection"
400 V
(kvar)
15
20
25
30
35
45
60
70
90
15 + 15
15 + 30
15 + 45
30 + 30
30 + 60
45 + 45
Step
Single
Single
Single
Single
Single
Single
Single
Single
Single
Double
Double
Double
Double
Double
Double
Reference
51801
51803
51805
51807
51809
51811
51813
51816
51817
51818
51819
51820
51821
51822
51823
Weight
(kg)
9
10
10
10
12
12
13
14.5
15
10
12.7
13.7
14.5
16.5
16.5
Varpact B "with busbar connection"
400 V
(kvar)
15
20
25
30
35
45
60
70
90
15 + 15
15 + 30
15 + 45
30 + 30
30 + 60
45 + 45
Step
Single
Single
Single
Single
Single
Single
Single
Single
Single
Double
Double
Double
Double
Double
Double
Reference
51740
51741
51742
51743
51744
51745
51746
51747
51748
51749
51750
51751
51752
51753
51754
Weight
(kg)
12
13
13
13
15
15
16
17.5
18
13
15.7
16.7
17.5
19.5
19.5
Choice of products
Power factor correction modules
50 Hz network
400/415 V network voltage
0
Varpact Comfort power factor correction modules
Technical data
b capacitor rated voltage: 480 V, three-phase 50 Hz
b capacitance value tolerance: -5, +10 %
b insulation level:
v 0.69 kV
v withstand 50 Hz, 1 min: 3 kV
b maximum permissible overcurrent: 50 % max. (400 V)
b maximum permissible overvoltage: 10 % (8 hours over 24 hours as in IEC
60831)
b ambient temperature around the capacitor bank (electrical room):
v maximum temperature: 40 °C
v average temperature over 24 hours: 35 °C
v average annual temperature: 25 °C
v minimum temperature: -5 °C
b busbar withstand Isc : 35 kA
b losses:
v with cable connection: y 2 W/kvar (maximum current)
v with busbar connection: y 2,4 W/kvar (maximum current)
b degree of protection: accidentals front face direct contact protection
device
b colour: RAL 7016
b standards: IEC 60439-1, EN 60439-1, IEC 61921.
Accessories
Ref.
Connection module
With fixing kit (600, 650, 700, 800 wide cubicle)
Fastening crosspieces
Set of 2 crosspieces
Extension pieces
For Prisma Plus cubicle W = 650 mm
For universal cubicle W = 700 mm
For universal cubicle W = 800 mm
Circuit breaker protection
52800
Maximum reactive power
Additionnal circuit breaker 60/63 A protection kit
Additionnal circuit breaker 100 A protection kit
Additionnal circuit breaker 160 A protection kit
Additionnal circuit breaker 250 A protection kit
Until 30 kvar
From 31 to 50 kvar
From 51 to 80 kvar
From 81 to 120 kvar
51670
51635
51637
51639
51626
51627
51628
51629
Installation
b horizontal fixing in functional and universal cubicles, 400 and 500 mm
deep
v in cubicle W = 600 mm using fastening crosspieces
v in cubicle W = 650, 700 and 800 mm using fastening crosspieces
and extension pieces
b vertical fastening every 300 mm (maximum 5 modules) directly to cubicle
uprights using sliding crosspieces or to intermediate upright support
b control circuit power supply: 230 V, 50 Hz.
15
4
Choice of products
Power factor correction modules
50 Hz network
400/415 V network voltage
Varpact Harmony power factor correction modules
PB101983-68A
Varpact power factor correction module
form a prewired automatic compensation
subassembly designed for fixing in standalone cubicles or inside Main Low Voltage
Switchboard.
Varpact Harmony "with cable connection".
For highly polluted network (25 % < Gh/Sn y 50 %)
Varpact "with cable connection"
Tuning order 400 V
(kvar)
2.7 (135 Hz)
6.25 + 6.25
6.25 + 12.5
12.5 + 12.5
12.5
25
50
3.8 (190 Hz)
6.25 + 6.25
6.25 + 12.5
12.5 + 12.5
12.5
25
50
4.3 (215 Hz)
6.25 + 6.25
6.25 + 12.5
12.5 + 12.5
12.5
25
50
Step
Ref.
Double
Double
Double
Single
Single
Single
Double
Double
Double
Single
Single
Single
Double
Double
Double
Single
Single
Single
51916
51917
51918
51919
51920
51921
51925
51926
51927
51928
51929
51930
51934
51935
51936
51937
51938
51939
Step
Ref.
Double
Double
Double
Single
Single
Single
Double
Double
Double
Single
Single
Single
Double
Double
Double
Single
Single
Single
51757
51759
51761
51763
51765
51767
51653
51654
51655
51656
51657
51658
51501
51503
51505
51509
51511
51512
Weight
(kg)
23
31.5
38.5
23.5
35.5
46.5
21.5
30
37
22
34
45
21.5
30
37
22
34
45
PB101982-68A
Varpact B "with busbar connection"
DB110645
Varpact Harmony B "with busbar connection".
DB110646
4
Varpact Harmony
Varpact Harmony dimensions.
16
Tuning order 400 V
(kvar)
2.7 (135 Hz)
6.25 + 6.25
6.25 + 12.5
12.5 + 12.5
12.5
25
50
3.8 (190 Hz)
6.25 + 6.25
6.25 + 12.5
12.5 + 12.5
12.5
25
50
4,3 (215 Hz)
6.25 + 6.25
6.25 + 12.5
12.5 + 12.5
12.5
25
50
Weight
(kg)
26
34.5
41.5
26.5
38.5
49.5
24.5
33
40
25
37
48
24.5
33
40
25
37
48
0
Choice of products
Power factor correction modules
50 Hz network
400/415 V network voltage
0
Varpact Harmony power factor correction modules
Technical data
b
b
b
b
v
v
b
capacitor rated voltage: 480 V, three-phase 50 Hz
tuning order: 2.7 (135 Hz) - 3.8 (190 Hz) - 4.3 (215 Hz)
capacitance value tolerance: -5, +10 %
insulation level:
0.69 kV
withstand 50 Hz, 1 min : 3 kV
maximum permissible overloads:
Tuning order
Overcurrent (max)
Overvoltage
2.7 (135 Hz)
3.8 (190 Hz)
4.3 (215 Hz)
12 % under 400 V 19 % under 400 V 30 % under 400 V
10 % (8 hours over 24 hours as in IEC 60831)
b ambient temperature around the capacitor bank (electrical room):
v maximum temperature: 40 °C
v average temperature over 24 hours: 35 °C
v average annual temperature: 25 °C
v minimum temperature: -5 °C
b busbar withstand Isc : 35 kA
b losses: y 8 W/kvar
b degree of protection: accidentals front face direct contact protection
device
b colour: RAL 7016
b standard: IEC 60439-1, EN 60439-1, IEC 61921.
Accessories
Ref.
Connection module
With fixing kit (600, 650, 700, 800 wide cubicle)
52800
Installation
b horizontal fixing in functional and universal cubicles, 400 and 500 mm
deep, fixing in cubicle W = 650, 700 and 800 mm using fastening
crosspieces supplied
b vertical fixing every 300 mm (maximum 5 modules) directly to cubicle
uprights using sliding crosspieces or to intermediate upright support
b control circuit power supply: 230 V, 50 Hz.
17
4
Choice of products
Power factor correction modules
50 Hz network
400/415 V network voltage
Accessories for Varpact power factor correction modules
DB110649
Connection module
Connection module IP00
Fastening crosspieces for Varpact Classic and Comfort
(Ref. 51670)
Specially designed horizontal crosspieces allow easy installation of the
power factor correction modules in all types of functional and universal
cubicles 400 ou 500 mm deep.
The crosspieces automatically ensure that the module is positioned
correctly at the right depth and maintain a distance of 55 mm between the
modules. The crosspieces are sold in pairs and must be ordered
separately.
2 fastening crosspieces (ref. 51670)
Extension pieces for cubicles W = 700 and W = 800
with Varpact Classic and Comfort
PB100068-68A
4
PB100067-68A
a: cubicle L = 600
b: cubicle L = 650 or 700
c: cubicle L = 800
(Ref. 52800)
It is used to connect:
b the power and control cables for the power factor correction module
contactors (maximum five power factor correction modules)
b the cubicle supply cables.
b It is supplied with:
b 4 crosspieces
b 2 extension pieces
O 3 power connection bars (800 A max.), marked L1, L2, L3
P Voltage transformer supplying the contactor coils 400/230 V, 250 VA
Q Control circuit safety fuses
R Contactor control distribution terminal block
S Sliding crosspieces for mounting in cubicles 400 and 500 mm deep
T Extension pieces for mounting in cubicles 650, 700 or 800 mm wide
U Power factor correction module connection: 5 holes Ø10 per phase
V Customer's incoming cable connection: 2 x M12 bolts per phase.
To make it easier to connect the supply cables, we recommended
that the connection module be installed at least 20 cm from the ground.
(Ref. 51637 et 51639)
They are used to extend the power factor correction modules for use in
cubicles 700 and 800 mm wide.
The extension pieces are supplied with the 4 screws required to attach
them to the module.
Extension pieces for Prisma Plus cubicle W = 650
with Varpact Classic and Comfort
(Ref. 51635)
It allows the module to be attached directly to the Prisma Plus cubicle
uprights.
The extension piece is supplied with the 4 screws required to attach it to the
module.
Extension pieces for cubicles
W = 650 (ref. 51635)
W = 700 (ref. 51637)
W = 800 (ref. 51639)
18
Choice of products
Power factor correction modules
50 Hz network
400/415 V network voltage
PB100072-68A
Accessories for Varpact power factor correction module
Circuit breaker kit for Varpact Classic and Comfort
(Ref. 51626, 51627, 51628 et 51629)
It allows to ensure individual and visible circuit breaking of each
capacitor steps.
Retrofit kit
(Ref. 51617, 51619 and 51633)
Set of pieces using for installation and connection of Varpact in functionnal
and universal existing cubicles. It is necessary to choose a Varpact module
and to order separately associated retrofit kit.
Retrofit kit
Ref.
51617
51619
51633
PB100071-68A
Circuit breaker kit
For P400 power factor correction module
For P400 DR power factor correction module
For Rectimat 2 capacitor bank in cubicle standard and H type
4
Retrofit kit
19
Choice of products
Capacitors 50 Hz network
230 V network voltage
Varplus2
PB100058
Varplus2 modular capacitors allow by their
different assembly combination to cover many
power ratings (kvar) depending
on the voltage (V), frequency (Hz)
and harmonic pollution level of the network.
Slightly polluted network (Gh/Sn y 15 %)
Varplus2
230 V (kvar)
2.5
5
6.5
7.5
10
Assembly advised
15
20
30
40
Maximum mechanical assembly: 4 capacitors and 40 kvar.
Assembly > 40 kvar: see conditions to respect in Varplus2 user manual.
Ref.
51301
51303
51305
51307
51309
2x
2x
3x
4x
51307
51309
51309
51309
Polluted network (15 % < Gh/Sn y 25 %)
Same capacitors can be used.
Varplus2 IP00.
Highly polluted network (25 % < Gh/Sn y 50 %)
DB109695
Same capacitors can be used with detuned reactor.
Technical data
4
DB110654
Example of Varplus2 IP00 assembly.
DB109697
Varplus2 accessories.
b HQ protection system built into each single phase element
v high current fault protection by HRC cartridge fuse
v low current fault protection by combination of single phase internal
overpressure device with the HRC fuse
b capacitance value tolerance: -5, +10 %
b insulation level:
v withstand 50 Hz 1 minute: 4 kV
v impulse wave withstand 1.2/50 µs: 15 kV
b voltage test: 2.15 Un (rated voltage) for 10 s
b maximum permissible overloads at service voltage network as per IEC
60831 1/2:
v current: 30 % permanently
v voltage: 10 % (8 hours over 24 hours)
b with internaly fitted discharge resistors: residual voltage less than 50 V
in 1 minute
b total losses: less than 0.5 Watt/kvar (discharge resistors included)
b temperature class D (+55 °C):
v maximum: 55 °C
v average over 24 hours: 45 °C
v average over 1 year: 35 °C
v minimum: -25 °C
b colour:
v elements RAL 9005
v base and cover RAL 7030
b standards: IEC 60831 1/2, CSA 22-2 N°190, UL 810
b execution: indoor
b protection:
v IP00 without cover
v IP20 or IP42 see accessories
b no earth connection is needed
b terminals: 3 M8 rods allowing 360° cable connection (without cover).
Accessories for Varplus2
1 set of 3-phase copper bars for connection and assembly of 2
and 3 capacitors
1 set of protective cover (IP20) and cable glands (IP42) for 1, 2
and 3 capacitors
Weight of Varplus2 2.1 kg.
Ref.
51459
51461
Installation
All positions are convenient except vertical one with connecting terminals
upside down. Fixing holes for M6 screws.
A kit to replace Varplus by Varplus2 is available (ref. 51298)
20
Choice of products
Capacitors 50 Hz network
400/415 V network voltage
Varplus2 capacitors
PB100058
Varplus2 modular capacitors allow by their
different assembly combination to cover many
power ratings (kvar) depending
on the voltage (V), frequency (Hz)
and harmonic pollution level of the network.
Varplus2 IP00.
Slightly polluted network (Gh/Sn y 15 %)
Varplus2
400 V (kvar) 415 V (kvar)
5
5.5
6.25
6.5
7.5
7.75
10
10.75
12.5
13.5
15
15.5
20
21.5
Assembly advised
25
27
30
31
40
43
50
53.5
55
58.5
60
64.5
65
Ref.
51311
51313
51315
51317
51319
51321
51323
2x
2x
2x
2x
2x
3x
3x
51319
51321
51323
51321 + 51323
51323 + 51321
51323
51323 + 51311
Maximum mechanical assembly: 4 capacitors and 65 kvar.
Assembly > 65 kvar: see conditions to respect in Varplus2 user manual.
DB109695
Technical data
DB110654
Example of Varplus2 IP00 assembly.
DB109697
Varplus2 accessories.
b capacitor rated voltage: 415 V, 3-phase 50 Hz
b HQ protection system built into each single phase element
v high current fault protection by HRC cartridge fuse
v low current fault protection by combination of single phase internal
overpressure device with the HRC fuse
b capacitance value tolerance: -5, +10 %
b insulation level:
v withstand 50 Hz 1 minute: 4 kV
v impulse wave withstand 1.2/50 µs: 15 kV
b voltage test: 2.15 Un (rated voltage) for 10 s
b maximum permissible overloads at service voltage network as per IEC
60831 1/2:
v current: 30 % permanently
v voltage: 10 % (8 hours over 24 hours)
b with internaly fitted discharge resistors: residual voltage less than 50 V
in 1 minute
b total losses: less than 0.5 Watt/kvar (discharge resistors included)
b temperature class D (+55 °C):
v maximum: 55 °C
v average over 24 hours: 45 °C
v average over 1 year: 35 °C
v maximum: -25 °C
b colour:
v elements RAL 9005
v base and cover RAL 7030
b standards: IEC 60831 1/2, CSA 22-2 N°190, UL 810
b execution: indoor
b protection:
v IP00 without cover (option)
v IP20 or IP42 see accessories
b no earth connection is needed
b terminals: 3 M8 rods allowing 360° cable connection (without cover).
Accessories for Varplus2
1 set of 3-phase copper bars for connection and assembly of 2
and 3 capacitors
1 set of protective cover (IP20) and cable glands (IP42) for 1, 2
and 3 capacitors
Weight of Varplus2 2.1 kg.
Ref.
51459
51461
Installation
All positions are convenient except vertical one with connecting terminals
upside down. Fixing holes for M6 screws.
A kit to replace Varplus by Varplus2 is available (ref. 51298).
21
4
Choice of products
Capacitors 50 Hz network
400/415 V network voltage
Varplus2 capacitors
PB100058
Varplus2 modular capacitors allow by their
different assembly combination to cover many
power ratings (kvar) depending
on the voltage (V), frequency (Hz)
and harmonic pollution level of the network.
DB109695
Varplus2 IP00.
4
DB110654
Example of Varplus2 IP00 assembly.
DB109697
Varplus2 accessories.
Polluted network (15 % < Gh/Sn y 25 %)
Capacitors rated 480 V are necessary.
Varplus2
Usefull powers
Rated values
400 V (kvar)
415 V (kvar)
440 V (kvar)
480 V (kvar)
5
5.5
6.1
7.2
6.25
6.5
7.6
9
7.5
8
8.8
10.4
10
11
13
15.5
12.5
13.5
14.3
17
15
16.5
19.1
22.7
Assembly advised
20
23
2x
25
25
2x
30
34
2x
45
51
3x
60
68
4x
Maximum mechanical assembly: 4 capacitors and 62/68 kvar 400/415 V.
2
Assembly > 62 kvar: see conditions to respect in Varplus user manual.
51331
51333
51335
51335
51335
Technical data
b capacitor rated voltage: 480 V, 3-phase 50 Hz
b HQ protection system built into each single phase element
v high current fault protection by HRC cartridge fuse
v low current fault protection by combination of single phase internal
overpressure device with the HRC fuse
b capacitance value tolerance: -5, +10 %
b insulation level:
v withstand 50 Hz 1 minute: 4 kV
v impulse wave withstand 1.2/50 µs: 15 kV
b voltage test: 2.15 Un (rated voltage) for 10 s
b maximum permissible overloads at service voltage network as per IEC
60831 1/2:
v current: 30 % permanently
v voltage: 10 % (8 hours over 24 hours)
b with internaly fitted discharge resistors: residual voltage less than 50 V
in 1 minute
b total losses: less than 0.5 Watt/kvar (discharge resistors included)
b temperature class D (+55 °C):
v maximum: 55 °C
v average over 24 hours: 45 °C
v average over 1 year: 35 °C
v minimum: -25 °C
b colour:
v elements RAL 9005
v base and cover RAL 7030
b standards: IEC 60831 1/2, CSA 22-2 No190, UL 810
b execution: indoor
b protection:
v IP00 without cover
v IP20 or IP42 see accessories
b no earth connection is needed
b terminals: 3 M8 rods allowing 360° cable connection (without cover).
Accessories pour Varplus2
1 set of 3-phase copper bars for connection and assembly of 2 and
3 capacitors
1 set of protective cover (IP20) and cable glands (IP42) for 1, 2 and
3 capacitors
Weight of Varplus2 2.1 kg.
Ref.
51325
51327
51329
51331
51333
51335
Ref.
51459
51461
Installation
All positions are convenient except vertical one with connecting terminals
upside down. Fixing holes for M6 screws.
A kit to replace Varplus by Varplus2 is available (ref. 51298).
22
Choice of products
Capacitors 50 Hz network
400/415 V network voltage
Varplus2 capacitors
Varplus2 modular capacitors allow by their
different assembly combination to cover many
power ratings (kvar) depending
on the voltage (V), frequency (Hz)
and harmonic pollution level of the network.
Highly polluted network (25 % < Gh/Sn y 50 %)
Capacitors rated 480 V will be used with detuned reactor.
Varplus2
Usefull powers
Tuning order
2.7 (135 Hz - 13.7 %)
400 V
(kvar)
6.5
12.5
415 V
(kvar)
7
13.5
25
50
27
54
Rated values
440 V
480 V
(kvar)
(kvar)
6.7
8
13
15.5
Ref.
51337
51331
PB100058
Assembly advised
2 x 51331
2 x 51335 +
51333
Maximum mechanical assembly: 4 capacitors and 50/54 kvar 400/415 V.
Assembly > 50 kvar: see conditions to respect in Varplus2 user manual.
Usefull powers
Tuning order
3.8 (190 Hz - 6.92 %) ou
4.3 (215 Hz - 5.4 %)
Varplus2 IP00.
400 V
(kvar)
6.5
7.75
10
12.5
16.5
415 V
(kvar)
7
8.25
11
13.5
17.75
25
30
27
31.25
Rated values
440 V
480 V
(kvar)
(kvar)
7.6
9
8.8
10.4
11.8
14
14.3
17
19.1
22.7
Ref.
51327
51329
51345
51333
51335
DB109695
Assembly advised
50
53.25
Maximum mechanical assembly: 4 capacitors and 65 kvar 400/415 V.
Assembly > 65 kvar: see conditions to respect in Varplus2 user manual.
2 x 51333
51333 +
51335
3 x 51335
4
Technical data
DB110654
Example of Varplus2 IP00 assembly.
DB109697
Varplus2 accessories.
b capacitor rated voltage: 480 V, 3-phase 50 Hz
b HQ protection system built into each single phase element
v high current fault protection by HRC cartridge fuse
v low current fault protection by combination of single phase internal overpressure
device with the HRC fuse
b capacitance value tolerance: -5, +10 %
b insulation level:
v withstand 50 Hz 1 minute: 4 kV
v impulse wave withstand 1.2/50 µs: 15 kV
b voltage test: 2.15 Un (rated voltage) for 10 s
b maximum permissible overloads at service voltage network as per IEC 60831 1/2:
v current: 30 % permanently
v voltage: 10 % (8 hours over 24 hours)
b with internaly fitted discharge resistors: residual voltage less than 50 V
in 1 minute
b total losses: less than 0.5 Watt/kvar (discharge resistors included)
b temperature class D (+55 °C):
v maximum: 55 °C
v average over 24 hours: 45 °C
v average over 1 year: 35 °C
v minimum: -25 °C
b colour:
v elements RAL 9005
v base and cover RAL 7030
b standards: IEC 60831 1/2, CSA 22-2 No190, UL 810
b execution: indoor
b protection:
v IP00 without cover
v IP20 or IP42 see accessories
b no earth connection is needed
b terminals: 3 M8 rods allowing 360° cable connection (without cover).
Accessories for Varplus2
Weight of
Varplus2
2.1 kg.
1 set of 3-phase copper bars for connection and assembly of 2 and
3 capacitors
1 set of protective cover (IP20) and cable glands (IP42) for 1, 2 and
3 capacitors
Ref.
51459
51461
Installation
All positions are convenient except vertical one with connecting terminals
upside down. Fixing holes for M6 screws.
A kit to replace Varplus by Varplus2 is available (ref. 51298).
23
Choice of products
Capacitors 50 Hz network
525 V network voltage
Varplus2 capacitors
PB100058
Varplus2 modular capacitors allow by their
different assembly combination to cover many
power ratings (kvar) depending
on the voltage (V), frequency (Hz)
and harmonic pollution level of the network.
Varplus2 IP00.
Slightly polluted network (Gh/Sn y 15 %)
Varplus2
Usefull powers
480 V (kvar)
12.5
Usefull powers
525 V (kvar)
10.5
12.3
16.4
Assembly advised
21
24.6
32.8
49.2
59.7
Rated values
525 V (kvar)
15
Rated values
550 V (kvar)
11.5
13.5
18
23
27
36
54
59
65.6
72
Maximum mechanical assembly: 4 capacitors and 66/72 kvar 525/550 V.
Assembly > 66 kvar: see conditions to respect in Varplus2 user manual.
Ref.
51383
Ref.
51351
51353
51357
2x
2x
2x
3x
3x
2x
4x
51351
51353
51357
51357
51357 + 51351
51351 + 51357
51357
Polluted and highly polluted network (15 % < Gh/Sn y 50 %)
DB109695
Capacitors rated 690 V will be used with detuned reactor 190/215 Hz,
135 Hz tuning order on request.
Technical data
DB109697
DB110654
4
Example of Varplus2 IP00 assembly.
Varplus2 accessories.
b capacitor rated voltage: 550 V, 3-phase 50 Hz for slightly polluted network
b HQ protection system built into each single phase element
v high current fault protection by HRC cartridge fuse
v low current fault protection by combination of single phase internal overpressure
device with the HRC fuse
b capacitance value tolerance: -5, +10 %
b insulation level:
v withstand 50 Hz 1 minute: 4 kV
v impulse wave withstand 1.2/50 µs: 15 kV
b voltage test: 2.15 Un (rated voltage) for 10 s
b maximum permissible overloads at service voltage network as per IEC 60831 1/2:
v current: 30 % permanently
v voltage: 10 % (8 hours over 24 hours)
b with internaly fitted discharge resistors: residual voltage less than 50 V
in 1 minute
b total losses: less than 0.5 Watt/kvar (discharge resistors included)
b temperature class D (+55 °C):
v maximum: 55 °C
v average over 24 hours: 45 °C
v average over 1 year: 35 °C
v minimum: -25 °C
b colour:
v elements RAL 9005
v base and cover RAL 7030
b standards: IEC 60831 1/2, CSA 22-2 N°190, UL 810
b execution: indoor
b protection:
v IP00 without cover
v IP20 or IP42 see accessories
b no earth connection is needed
b terminals: 3 M8 rods allowing 360° cable connection (without cover).
Accessories for Varplus2
1 set of 3-phase copper bars for connection and assembly of 2 and
3 capacitors
1 set of protective cover (IP20) and cable glands (IP42) for 1, 2 and
3 capacitors
Weight of Varplus2 2.1 kg.
Ref.
51459
51461
Installation
All positions are convenient except vertical one with connecting terminals
upside down. Fixing holes for M6 screw.
A kit to replace Varplus by Varplus2 is available (ref. 51298).
24
Choice of products
Capacitors 50 Hz network
690 V network voltage
Varplus2 capacitors
PB100058
Varplus2 modular capacitors allow by their
different assembly combination to cover many
power ratings (kvar) depending
on the voltage (V), frequency (Hz)
and harmonic pollution level of the network.
Slightly polluted network (Gh/Sn y 15 %)
Varplus2
690 V (kvar)
11
14.6
16.6
Assembly advised
22
33.2
43.8
58.4
60.8
66.4
Maximum mechanical assembly: 4 capacitors and 67 kvar.
Assembly > 67 kvar: see conditions to respect in Varplus2 user manual.
Ref.
51359
51361
51363
2x
2x
3x
4x
3x
4x
51359
51363
51361
51361
51363 + 51359
51363
Polluted and highly polluted network (15 % < Gh/Sn y 50 %)
Varplus2
IP00.
On request.
DB109695
Technical data
DB110654
Example of Varplus2 IP00 assembly.
DB109697
Varplus2 accessories.
b capacitor rated voltage: 690 V, 3-phase 50 Hz
b HQ protection system built into each single phase element
v high current fault protection by HRC cartridge fuse
v low current fault protection by combination of single phase internal
overpressure device with the HRC fuse
b capacitance value tolerance: -5, +10 %
b insulation level:
v withstand 50 Hz 1 minute: 4 kV
v impulse wave withstand 1.2/50 µs: 15 kV
b voltage test: 2.15 Un (rated voltage) for 10 s
b maximum permissible overloads at service voltage network as per IEC
60831 1/2:
v current: 30 % permanently
v voltage: 10 % (8 hours over 24 hours)
b with internaly fitted discharge resistors: residual voltage less than 50 V
in 1 minute
b total losses: less than 0.5 Watt/kvar (discharge resistors included)
b temperature class D (+55 °C):
v maximum: 55 °C
v average over 24 hours: 45 °C
v average over 1 year: 35 °C
v minimum: -25 °C
b colour:
v elements RAL 9005
v base and cover RAL 7030
b standards: IEC 60831 1/2, CSA 22-2 N°190, UL 810
b execution: indoor
b protection:
v IP00 without cover
v IP20 or IP42 see accessories
b no earth connection is needed
b terminals: 3 M8 rods allowing 360° cable connection (without cover).
Accessories for Varplus2
1 set of 3-phase copper bars for connection and assembly of 2 and
3 capacitors
1 set of protective cover (IP20) and cable glands (IP42) for 1, 2 and
3 capacitors
Weight of Varplus2 2.1 kg.
Ref.
51459
51461
Installation
All positions are convenient except vertical one with connecting terminals
upside down. Fixing holes for M6 screws.
A kit to replace Varplus by Varplus2 is available (ref. 51298).
25
4
Choice of products
Capacitors 60 Hz network
230/240 V network voltage
Varplus2 capacitors
PB100058
Varplus2 modular capacitors allow by their
different assembly combination to cover many
power ratings (kvar) depending
on the voltage (V), frequency (Hz)
and harmonic pollution level of the network.
Slightly polluted network (Gh/Sn y 15 %)
Varplus2
230 V (kvar)
240 V (kvar)
3
3
6
6.5
8
8.5
9
10
12
13
Assembly advised
18
20
24
26
36
39
Maximum mechanical assembly: 4 capacitors and 40 kvar.
Assembly > 40 kvar: see conditions to respect in Varplus2 user manual.
Ref.
51301
51303
51305
51307
51309
2 x 51307
2 x 51309
3 x 51309
Polluted network (15 % < Gh/Sn y 25 %)
Same capacitors can be used.
Varplus2 IP00.
Highly polluted network (25 % < Gh/Sn y 50 %)
Same capacitors can be used with detuned reactor.
DB110654
Example of Varplus2 IP00 assembly.
Varplus2 accessories.
DB109697
4
DB109695
Technical data
b HQ protection system built into each single phase element
v high current fault protection by HRC cartridge fuse
v low current fault protection by combination of single phase internal
overpressure device with the HRC fuse
b capacitance value tolerance: -5, +10 %
b insulation level:
v withstand 60 Hz 1 minute: 4 kV
v impulse wave withstand 1.2/50 µs: 15 kV
b voltage test: 2.15 Un (rated voltage) for 10 s
b maximum permissible overloads at service voltage network as per IEC
60831 1/2:
v current: 30 % permanently
v voltage: 10 % (8 hours over 24 hours)
b with internaly fitted discharge resistors: residual voltage less than 50 V
in 1 minute
b total losses: less than 0.5 Watt/kvar (discharge resistors included)
b temperature class D (+55 °C):
v maximum: 55 °C
v average over 24 hours: 45 °C
v average over 1 year: 35 °C
v minimum: -25 °C
b colour:
v elements RAL 9005
v base and cover RAL 7030
b standards: IEC 60831 1/2, CSA 22-2 N°190, UL 810
b execution: indoor
b protection:
v IP00 without cover
v IP20 or IP42 see accessories
b no earth connection is needed
b terminals: 3 M8 rods allowing 360° cable connection (without cover).
Accessories for Varplus2
Weight of Varplus2 2.1 kg.
1 set of 3-phase copper bars for connection and assembly of 2
and 3 capacitors
1 set of protective cover (IP20) and cable glands (IP42) for 1, 2
and 3 capacitors
Ref.
51459
51461
Installation
All positions are convenient except vertical one with connecting terminals
upside down. Fixing holes for M6 screws.
A kit to replace Varplus by Varplus2 is available (ref. 51298).
26
Choice of products
Capacitors 60 Hz network
400/415 V network voltage
Varplus2 capacitors
PB100058
Varplus2 modular capacitors allow by their
different assembly combination to cover many
power ratings (kvar) depending
on the voltage (V), frequency (Hz)
and harmonic pollution level of the network.
Varplus2 IP00.
Slightly polluted network (Gh/Sn y 15 %)
Varplus2
400 V (kvar) 415 V (kvar)
6
6.25
7.5
8
9
9
12
13
15
16
18
19
Assembly advised
24
26
30
32
36
38
45
48
54
57
60
64
Maximum mechanical assembly: 4 capacitors and 65 kvar.
Assembly > 65 kvar: see conditions to respect in Varplus2 user manual.
Ref.
51311
51313
51315
51317
51319
51321
2x
2x
2x
3x
3x
4x
51317
51319
51321
51319
51321
51319
DB109695
Technical data
DB110654
Example of Varplus2 IP00 assembly.
DB109697
Varplus2 accessories.
b capacitor rated voltage: 415 V, 3-phase 60 Hz
b HQ protection system built into each single phase element
v high current fault protection by HRC cartridge fuse
v low current fault protection by combination of single phase internal
overpressure device with the HRC fuse
b capacitance value tolerance: -5, +10 %
b insulation level:
v withstand 60 Hz 1 minute: 4 kV
v impulse wave withstand 1.2/50 µs: 15 kV
b voltage test: 2.15 Un (rated voltage) for 10 s
b maximum permissible overloads at service voltage network as per IEC
60831 1/2:
v current: 30 % permanently
v voltage: 10 % (8 hours over 24 hours)
b with internaly fitted discharge resistors: residual voltage less than 50 V
in 1 minute
b total losses: less than 0.5 Watt/kvar (discharge resistors included)
b temperature class D (+55 °C):
v maximum: 55 °C
v average over 24 hours: 45 °C
v average over 1 year: 35 °C
v maximum: -25 °C
b colour:
v elements RAL 9005
v base and cover RAL 7030
b standards: IEC 60831 1/2, CSA 22-2 N°190, UL 810
b execution: indoor
b protection:
v IP00 without cover
v IP20 or IP42 see accessories
b no earth connection is needed
b terminals: 3 M8 rods allowing 360° cable connection (without cover).
Accessories for Varplus2
Weight of Varplus2 2.1 kg.
1 set of 3-phase copper bars for connection and assembly of 2
and 3 capacitors
1 set of protective cover (IP20) and cable glands (IP42) for 1, 2
and 3 capacitors
Ref.
51459
51461
Installation
All positions are convenient except vertical one with connecting terminals
upside down. Fixing holes for M6 screws.
A kit to replace Varplus by Varplus2 is available (ref. 51298).
27
4
Choice of products
Capacitors 60 Hz network
400/415 V network voltage
Varplus2 capacitors
PB100058
Varplus2 modular capacitors allow by their
different assembly combination to cover many
power ratings (kvar) depending
on the voltage (V), frequency (Hz)
and harmonic pollution level of the network.
Varplus2 IP00.
Polluted network (15 % < Gh/Sn y 25 %)
Capacitors rated 480 V are necessary.
Varplus2
Usefull powers
Rated values
400 V (kvar) 415 V (kvar)
440 V (kvar) 480 V (kvar)
6
6.25
7.3
8.6
7.5
8
9.1
10.8
9
9
10.5
12.5
12.75
13.5
15.6
18.6
14
15
17.1
20.4
18.5
22.9
Assembly advised
25.5
27
2x
32.5
37
2x
42
45
3x
51
2x
55
3x
61
3x
Maximum mechanical assembly: 4 capacitors and 61/60 kvar 400/415 V.
Assembly > 60 kvar: see conditions to respect in Varplus2 user manual.
Ref.
51325
51327
51329
51331
51333
51335
51331
51333 + 51335
51335
51333
51335 + 51333
51335
51335 + 51325
DB110654
Example of Varplus2 IP00 assembly.
Varplus2 accessories.
DB109697
4
DB109695
Technical data
b capacitor rated voltage: 480 V, 3-phase 60 Hz
b HQ protection system built into each single phase element
v high current fault protection by HRC cartridge fuse
v low current fault protection by combination of single phase internal
overpressure device with the HRC fuse
b capacitance value tolerance: -5, +10 %
b insulation level:
v withstand 60 Hz 1 minute: 4 kV
v impulse wave withstand 1.2/50 µs: 15 kV
b voltage test: 2.15 Un (rated voltage) for 10 s
b maximum permissible overloads at service voltage network as per
IEC 60831 1/2:
v current: 30 % permanently
v voltage: 10 % (8 hours over 24 hours)
b with internaly fitted discharge resistors: residual voltage less than 50 V
in 1 minute
b total losses: less than 0.5 Watt/kvar (discharge resistors included)
b temperature class D (+55 °C):
v maximum: 55 °C
v average over 24 hours: 45 °C
v average over 1 year: 35 °C
v minimum: -25 °C
b colour:
v elements: RAL 9005
v base and cover: RAL 7030
b standards: IEC 60831 1/2, CSA 22-2 No190, UL 810
b execution: indoor
b protection:
v IP00 without cover
v IP20 or IP42 see accessories
b no earth connection is needed
b terminals: 3 M8 rods allowing 360° cable connection (without cover).
Accessories for Varplus2
Weight of Varplus2 2.1 kg.
1 set of 3-phase copper bars for connection and assembly of 2 and
3 capacitors
1 set of protective cover (IP20) and cable glands (IP42) for 1, 2 and
3 capacitors
Ref.
51459
51461
Installation
All positions are convenient except vertical one with connecting terminals
upside down. Fixing holes for M6 screws.
A kit to replace Varplus by Varplus2 is available (ref. 51298).
28
Choice of products
Capacitors 60 Hz network
400/415 V network voltage
Varplus2 capacitors
Varplus2 modular capacitors allow by their
different assembly combination to cover many
power ratings (kvar) depending
on the voltage (V), frequency (Hz)
and harmonic pollution level of the network.
Highly polluted network (25 % < Gh/Sn y 50 %)
Capacitors rated 480 V will be used with detuned reactor.
Varplus2
Usefull powers
Tuning order
2.7 (135 Hz - 13.7 %)
400 V
(kvar)
7.75
15
415 V
(kvar)
8.25
16.25
Rated values
440 V
480 V
(kvar)
(kvar)
8
9,6
15.6
18.6
Ref.
51337
51331
PB100058
Assembly advised
Maximum mechanical assembly: 4 capacitors and 60/65 kvar 400/415 V.
Assembly > 60 kvar: see conditions to respect in Varplus2 user manual.
Usefull powers
Tuning order
3.8 (190 Hz - 6.92 %) or
4.3 (215 Hz - 5.4 %)
Varplus2 IP00.
400 V
(kvar)
7.75
9.25
12
15
20
415 V
(kvar)
8.3
10
13
16
Rated values
440 V
480 V
(kvar)
(kvar)
9.1
10.8
10.5
12.5
14.1
16.8
17.1
20.4
22.9
Ref.
51327
51329
51345
51333
51335
DB109695
Assembly advised
Maximum mechanical assembly: 4 capacitors and 60/65 kvar 400/415 V.
Assembly > 60 kvar: see conditions to respect in Varplus2 user manual.
DB109697
DB110654
Technical data
Example of Varplus2 IP00 assembly.
Varplus2 accessories.
b capacitor rated voltage: 480 V, 3-phase 60 Hz
b HQ protection system built into each single phase element
v high current fault protection by HRC cartridge fuse
v low current fault protection by combination of single phase internal
overpressure device with the HRC fuse
b capacitance value tolerance: -5, +10 %
b insulation level:
v withstand 60 Hz 1 minute: 4 kV
v impulse wave withstand 1.2/50 µs: 15 kV
b voltage test: 2.15 Un (rated voltage) for 10 s
b maximum permissible overloads at service voltage network as per IEC
60831 1/2:
v current: 30 % permanently
v voltage: 10 % (8 hours over 24 hours)
b with internaly fitted discharge resistors: residual voltage less than 50 V
in 1 minute
b total losses: less than 0.5 Watt/kvar (discharge resistors included)
b temperature class D (+55 °C):
v maximum: 55 °C
v average over 24 hours: 45 °C
v average over 1 year: 35 °C
v minimum: -25 °C
b colour:
v elements: RAL 9005
v base and cover: RAL 7030
b standards: IEC 60831 1/2, CSA 22-2 No190, UL 810
b execution: indoor
b protection:
v IP00 without cover
v IP20 or IP42 see accessories
b no earth connection is needed
b terminals: 3 M8 rods allowing 360° cable connection (without cover).
Accessories for Varplus2
Weight of Varplus2 2.1 kg.
1 set of 3-phase copper bars for connection and assembly of 2
and 3 capacitors
1 set of protective cover (IP20) and cable glands (IP42) for 1, 2
and 3 capacitors
Ref.
51459
51461
Installation
All positions are convenient except vertical one with connecting terminals
upside down. Fixing holes for M6 screws.
A kit to replace Varplus by Varplus2 is available (ref. 51298).
29
4
Choice of products
Capacitors 60 Hz network
440 V network voltage
Varplus2 capacitors
PB100058
Varplus2 modular capacitors allow by their
different assembly combination to cover many
power ratings (kvar) depending
on the voltage (V), frequency (Hz)
and harmonic pollution level of the network.
Slightly polluted and polluted network (Gh/Sn y 25 %)
Varplus2
440 V (kvar) 480 V (kvar)
7.3
8.6
9.1
10.8
10.9
13
15.4
18.4
16,9
20.2
22.4
Assembly advised
30.8
36.8
44.8
50.7
60.6
60.2
67.2
76.3
Maximum mechanical assembly: 4 capacitors and 76 kvar 440/480 V.
Assembly > 76 kvar: see conditions to respect in Varplus2 user manual.
Ref.
51325
51327
51329
51331
51333
51335
2x
2x
3x
2x
3x
3x
51331
51335
51333
51335 + 51331
51335
51335 + 51327
Varplus2 IP00.
Highly polluted network (25 % < Gh/Sn y 50 %)
DB109695
Capacitors rated 550 V will be used with detuned reactor
(see page 480 V - 60 Hz).
Technical data
4
DB110654
Example of Varplus2 IP00 assembly.
DB109697
Varplus2 accessories.
b capacitor rated voltage: 480 V, 3-phase 60 Hz for slightly polluted network
b HQ protection system built into each single phase element
v high current fault protection by HRC cartridge fuse
v low current fault protection by combination of single phase internal
overpressure device with the HRC fuse
b capacitance value tolerance: -5, +10 %
b insulation level:
v withstand 60 Hz 1 minute: 4 kV
v impulse wave withstand 1.2/50 µs: 15 kV
b voltage test: 2.15 Un (rated voltage) for 10 s
b maximum permissible overloads at service voltage network as per IEC
60831 1/2:
v current: 30 % permanently
v voltage: 10 % (8 hours over 24 hours)
b with internaly fitted discharge resistors: residual voltage less than 50 V
in 1 minute
b total losses: less than 0.5 Watt/kvar (discharge resistors included)
b temperature class D (+55 °C):
v maximum: 55 °C
v average over 24 hours: 45 °C
v average over 1 year: 35 °C
v maximum: -25 °C
b colour:
v elements: RAL 9005
v base and cover: RAL 7030
b standards: IEC 60831 1/2, CSA 22-2 N°190, UL 810
b execution: indoor
b protection:
v IP00 without cover
v IP20 or IP42 see accessories
b no earth connection is needed
b terminals: 3 M8 rods allowing 360° cable connection (without cover).
Accessories for Varplus2
Weight of Varplus2 2.1 kg.
1 set of 3-phase copper bars for connection and assembly of 2
and 3 capacitors
1 set of protective cover (IP20) and cable glands (IP42) for 1, 2
and 3 capacitors
Ref.
51459
51461
Installation
All positions are convenient except vertical one with connecting terminals
upside down. Fixing holes for M6 screws.
A kit to replace Varplus by Varplus2 is available (ref. 51298).
30
Choice of products
Capacitors 60 Hz network
480 V network voltage
Varplus2 capacitors
PB100058
Varplus2 modular capacitors allow by their
different assembly combination to cover many
power ratings (kvar) depending
on the voltage (V), frequency (Hz)
and harmonic pollution level of the network.
Slightly polluted and polluted network (Gh/Sn y 25 %)
Varplus2
Usefull powers
Rated values
480 V (kvar)
550 V (kvar)
10.5
14
12.5
16.5
15
19.5
16.5
21.5
Assembly advised
21
28
25
33
33
43
43.5
49.5
64.5
60
66
86
Maximum mechanical assembly: 4 capacitors and 66/86 kvar 480/550 V.
Assembly > 66 kvar: see conditions to respect in Varplus2 user manual.
Ref.
51351
51353
51383
51357
2x
2x
2x
2x
3x
3x
4x
51351
51353
51357
51357 + 51351
51357
51357 + 51351
51357
Varplus2 IP00.
Highly polluted network (25 % < Gh/Sn y 50 %)
DB109695
Same capacitors will be used with detuned reactors.
Technical data
DB110654
Example of Varplus2 IP00 assembly.
DB109697
Varplus2 accessories.
b capacitor rated voltage: 550 V, 3-phase 60 Hz
b HQ protection system built into each single phase element
v high current fault protection by HRC cartridge fuse
v low current fault protection by combination of single phase internal
overpressure device with the HRC fuse
b capacitance value tolerance: -5, +10 %
b insulation level:
v withstand 60 Hz 1 minute: 4 kV
v impulse wave withstand 1.2/50 µs: 15 kV
b voltage test: 2.15 Un (rated voltage) for 10 s
b maximum permissible overloads at service voltage network as per IEC
60831 1/2:
v current: 30 % permanently
v voltage: 10 % (8 hours over 24 hours)
b with internaly fitted discharge resistors: residual voltage less than 50 V
in 1 minute
b total losses: less than 0.5 Watt/kvar (discharge resistors included)
b temperature class D (+55 °C):
v maximum: 55 °C
v average over 24 hours: 45 °C
v average over 1 year: 35 °C
v maximum: -25 °C
b colour:
v elements: RAL 9005
v base and cover: RAL 7030
b standards: IEC 60831 1/2, CSA 22-2 N°190, UL 810
b execution: indoor
b protection:
v IP00 without cover (option)
v IP20 or IP42 see accessories
b no earth connection is needed
b terminals: 3 M8 rods allowing 360° cable connection (without cover).
Accessories for Varplus2
Weight of Varplus2 2.1 kg.
1 set of 3-phase copper bars for connection and assembly of 2
and 3 capacitors
1 set of protective cover (IP20) and cable glands (IP42) for 1, 2
and 3 capacitors
Ref.
51459
51461
Installation
All positions are convenient except vertical one with connecting terminals
upside down. Fixing holes for M6 screws.
A kit to replace Varplus by Varplus2 is available (ref. 51298).
31
4
Choice of products
Capacitors 60 Hz network
600 V network voltage
Varplus2 capacitors
PB100058
Varplus2 modular capacitors allow by their
different assembly combination to cover many
power ratings (kvar) depending
on the voltage (V), frequency (Hz)
and harmonic pollution level of the network.
Slightly polluted and polluted network (Gh/Sn y 25 %)
Varplus2
600 V (kvar)
10
13.5
15
Assembly advised
20
30
40.5
54
690 V (kvar)
13.3
17.6
20
26.6
40
52.8
60
60
80
Maximum mechanical assembly: 4 capacitors and 60/80 kvar 600/690 V.
Assembly > 60 kvar: see conditions to respect in Varplus2 user manual.
Ref.
51359
51361
51363
2x
2x
3x
4x
3x
4x
51359
51363
51361
51361
51363
51363
Highly polluted network (25 % < Gh/Sn y 50 %)
On request for association with detuned reactors.
Varplus2 IP00.
DB109695
Technical data
4
DB110654
Example of Varplus2 IP00 assembly.
DB109697
Varplus2 accessories.
b capacitor rated voltage: 690 V, 3-phase 60 Hz
b HQ protection system built into each single phase element
v high current fault protection by HRC cartridge fuse
v low current fault protection by combination of single phase internal
overpressure device with the HRC fuse
b capacitance value tolerance: -5, +10 %
b insulation level:
v withstand 60 Hz 1 minute: 4 kV
v impulse wave withstand 1.2/50 µs: 15 kV
b voltage test: 2.15 Un (rated voltage) for 10 s
b maximum permissible overloads at service voltage network as per IEC
60831 1/2:
v current: 30 % permanently
v voltage: 10 % (8 hours over 24 hours)
b with internaly fitted discharge resistors: residual voltage less than 50 V
in 1 minute
b total losses: less than 0.5 Watt/kvar (discharge resistors included)
b temperature class D (+55 °C):
v maximum: 55 °C
v average over 24 hours: 45 °C
v average over 1 year: 35 °C
v maximum: -25 °C
b colour:
v elements: RAL 9005
v base and cover: RAL 7030
b standards: IEC 60831 1/2, CSA 22-2 N°190, UL 810
b execution: indoor
b protection:
v IP00 without cover
v IP20 or IP42 see accessories
b no earth connection is needed
b terminals: 3 M8 rods allowing 360° cable connection (without cover).
Accessories for Varplus2
1 set of 3-phase copper bars for connection and assembly of 2
and 3 capacitors
1 set of protective cover (IP20) and cable glands (IP42) for 1, 2
and 3 capacitors
Weight of
Varplus2
Ref.
51459
51461
2.1 kg.
Installation
All positions are convenient except vertical one with connecting terminals
upside down. Fixing holes for M6 screws.
A kit to replace Varplus by Varplus2 is available (ref. 51298).
32
Choice of products
Characteristics
PB100059
The detuned reactors (DR) are designed to
protect the capacitors and prevent
amplification of the harmonics present on
the network.
Detuned reactors
Detuned reactor for 400 V - 50 Hz network
Tuning order: 4.3 (215 Hz)
Power restored by
the assembly reactorcapacitor
6.25 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
I1 (A)
Power losses
(W)
Ref.
L (mH)
4.71
9
100
51573
12.5 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
25 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
50 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
100 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
2.37
1.18
0.592
0.296
17.9
35.8
71.7
143.3
150
200
320
480
52404
52405
52406
52407
Power losses
Ref.
Tuning order: 3.8 (190 Hz)
Power restored by
the assembly reactorcapacitor
6.25 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
12.5 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
25 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
50 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
100 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
L (mH)
I1 (A)
(W)
6.03
3
1.5
0.75
0.37
9.1
18.2
36.4
72.8
145.5
100
150
200
300
450
51568
52352
52353
52354
51569
Power losses
Ref.
Tuning order: 2.7 (135 Hz)
Detuned reactor.
Power restored by
the assembly reactorcapacitor
6.25 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
L (mH)
12.56
9.3
100
51563
12.5 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
6.63
17.6
150
51564
25 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
50 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
100 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
3.14
1.57
0.78
37.2
74.5
149
200
400
600
51565
51566
51567
I1 (A)
(W)
4
Characteristics
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
v
v
v
b
three-phase, dry, magnetic circuit, impregnated
cooling: natural
degree of protection: IP00
insulation class: H
standards: IEC 60289, EN 60289
rated voltage: 400/415 V three-phase 50 Hz
tuning order (relative impedance): 4.3 (5.4 %); 3.8 (6.9 %); 2.7 (13.7 %)
inductance tolerance per phase: - 5, +5 %
2
]
maximum constant current: Imp = [ ( 1, 1 ⋅ I 1 ) 2 + I32 + I52 + I 72 + I 11
Imp = 1.31 . I1 for 4.3 tuning
Imp = 1.19 . I1 for 3.8 tuning
Imp = 1.12 . I1 for 2.7 tuning
harmonic current spectrum
As a % of the current of the
fundamental (I1)
Tuning
order 4.3
Tuning
order 3.8
Tuning
order 2.7
Current I3
Current I5
2%
69 %
3%
44 %
6%
17 %
Current I7
19 %
6%
13 %
5%
6%
2%
Current I11
b
b
b
b
b
insulation level: 1.1 kV
thermal withstand Isc: 25 x Ie, 2 x 0.5 second
dynamic withstand: 2.2 Isc (peak value)
dielectric test 50 Hz between windings and windings/earth: 3.3 kV, 1 min
thermal protection restored on terminal block 250 V AC, 2 A.
33
Choice of products
Detuned reactors
Operating conditions
DB110725
b
b
b
b
b
use: indoor
storage temperature -40 °C, +60 °C
relative humidity in operation: 20 to 80 %
saline mist withstand: 250 hours
operating temperature/altitude:
Altitude
Minimum
(m)
1000
> 1000, y 2000
Maximum
(°C)
(°C)
Highest average over any
period of:
1 year
24 hours
0
0
55
50
40
35
50
45
Detuned reactor.
Installation
DB114156
b forced ventilation required (see chapter 6 page 47)
b vertical detuned reactor winding for better heat dissipation
b electrical connection:
v to a screw terminal block for 6.25 and 12.5 kvar detuned reactors
v to a drilled pad for 25, 50 and 100 kvar detuned reactors
b 480 V capacitors must be used with the detuned reactors in the case of
a 400/415 V, 50 Hz network.
4
As the detuned reactor is fitted with thermal protection,
it is imperative that the normally closed dry contact be used
to disconnect the step in the event of overheating
(see drawing at left).
Dimensions
Normally closed dry contact.
Tuning order: 4.3 (215 Hz)
Power restored by the
detuned reactor/
capacitor assembly
6.25 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
12.5 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
25 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
50 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
100 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
Fixing centre
distance
(mm)
110 x 87
205 x 110
205 x 110
(1)
205 x 120
Maximum dimensions (mm)
Weight
H
230
230
230
270
330
(kg)
8.6
12
18.5
25
42
W
200
245
240
260
380
D
140
140
140
160
220
Tuning order: 3.8 (190 Hz)
Power restored by the
detuned reactor/
capacitor assembly
6.25 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
12.5 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
25 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
50 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
100 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
Fixing centre
distance
(mm)
110 x 87
205 x 110
205 x 110
(1)
205 x 120
Maximum dimensions (mm)
Weight
H
230
230
230
270
330
(kg)
8.5
10
18
27
42
W
200
245
240
260
380
D
140
140
140
160
220
Tuning order: 2.7 (135 Hz)
Power restored by the
detuned reactor/
capacitor assembly
Fixing centre
distance
(mm)
110 x 87
205 x 110
205 x 110
6.25 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
12.5 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
25 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
(1)
50 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
100 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz
205 x 120
(1) 205 x 120 or 205 x 130 mm.
34
Maximum dimensions (mm)
Weight
H
230
230
230
270
330
(kg)
9
13
22
32
57
W
200
245
240
260
380
D
140
145
140
160
220
Choice of products
Detuned reactors
Detuned reactor / capacitor /
contactor combination tables
Maximum temperature 40 °C and maximum altitude 2000 m
480 V capacitors
Qc 400 V
fr = 135 Hz
Qc 480 V
Capacitor ref.
DR ref.
Specific contactors
Standard contactors
8 kvar
51337 x 1
51563 x 1
LC1-DFK11M7 x 1
LC1D12 x 1
12.5 kvar
15.5 kvar
51331 x 1
51564 x 1
LC1-DFK11M7 x 1
LC1D25 x 1
25 kvar
31 kvar
51331 x 2
51565 x 1
LC1-DMK11M7 x 1
LC1D38 x 1
50 kvar
62 kvar
51335 x 2 + 51333
51566 x 1
LC1-DWK12M7 x 1
LC1D95 x 1
100 kvar
124 kvar
51335 x 4 + 51333 x 2
51567 x 1
-
LC1D115 x 1
6.25 kvar
480 V capacitors
fr = 215 Hz
fr = 190 Hz
Qc 480 V
Capacitor ref.
DR ref.
DR ref.
Specific contactors
Standard contactors
9 kvar
51327 x 1
51573 x 1
51568 x 1
LC1-DFK11M7 x 1
LC1D12 x 1
12.5 kvar
17 kvar
51333 x 1
52404 x 1
52352 x 1
LC1-DFK11M7 x 1
LC1D25 x 1
25 kvar
34 kvar
51333 x 2
52405 x 1
52353 x 1
LC1-DMK11M7 x 1
LC1D38 x 1
50 kvar
68 kvar
51335 x 3
52406 x 1
52354 x 1
LC1-DWK12M7 x 1
LC1D95 x 1
100 kvar
136 kvar
51335 x 6
52407 x 1
51569 x 1
-
LC1D115 x 1
Qc 400 V
6.25 kvar
Maximum temperature 50 °C and maximum altitude 1000 m
(see chapter 6 page 48)
550 V capacitors
Qc 400 V
fr = 135 Hz
Qc 550 V
Capacitor ref.
DR ref.
Specific contactors
Standard contactors
10,5 kvar
51363 x 1
51563 x 1
LC1-DFK11M7 x 1
LC1D12 x 1
12.5 kvar
21 kvar
51363 x 2
51564 x 1
LC1-DGK11M7 x 1
LC1D25 x 1
25 kvar
40,5 kvar
51353 x 3
51565 x 1
LC1-DPK11M7 x 1
LC1D40 x 1
50 kvar
81 kvar
3 x 51357 + 2 x 51353
51566 x 1
LC1-DWK12M7 x 1
100 kvar
162 kvar
9 x 51357
51567 x 1
6.25 kvar
550 V capacitors
Qc 400 V
6.25 kvar
LC1D95 x 1
LC1F185 x 1
fr = 215 Hz
fr = 190 Hz
Qc 550V
Capacitor ref.
DR ref.
DR ref.
Specific contactors
Standard contactors
11.5 kvar
51351 x 1
51573 x 1
51568 x 1
LC1-DFK11M7 x 1
LC1D12 x 1
12.5 kvar
23 kvar
51351 x 2
52404 x 1
52352 x 1
LC1-DGK11M7 x 1
LC1D25 x 1
25 kvar
46 kvar
1 x 51357 + 2 x 51353
52405 x 1
52353 x 1
LC1-DPK11M7 x 1
LC1D40 x 1
LC1-DWK12M7 x 1
50 kvar
90 kvar
5 x 51357
52406 x 1
52354 x 1
100 kvar
180 kvar
10 x 51357
52407 x 1
51569 x 1
LC1D95 x 1
LC1F185 x 1
Note: LC1D contactors not incorporating a preinstalled resistor can be used with detuned reactors.
The inductance of the detuned reactor limits the energising current to a value that can be accepted by the contactor.
35
4
Choice of products
PB100056
The Varlogic N controllers permanently
measure the reactive power of the
installation and control connection and
disconnection of capacitor steps in order to
obtain the required power factor.
Varlogic NRC12
DB110726
4
PB100057
Varlogic NR6/NR12
Varlogic N power factor controller
Technical data
b general data
v operating temperature: 0…60 °C
v storage temperature: -20° C…60 °C
v colour: RAL 7016
v standard:
- EMC: IEC 61326
- electrical: IEC/EN 61010-1.
v panel mounting
v mounting on 35 mm DIN rail (EN 50022)
v protection class in panel mounting:
- front face: IP41
- rear face: IP20.
v display:
- NR6, NR12 type: backlighted screen 65 x 21 mm
- NRC12 type: backlighted graphic screen 55 x 28 mm.
- languages: English, French, German, Portuguese, Spanish
v alarm contact
v temperature internal probe
v separate contact to control fan inside the power factor correction bank
v access to the history of alarm.
b inputs
v phase to phase or phase to neutral connection
v insensitive to CT polarity
v insensitive to phase rotation polarity
v current input:
- NR6, NR12 type: CT… X/5 A
- NRC12 type: CT… X/5 A et X/1 A.
b outputs
v potential free output contacts:
- AC : 1 A/400 V, 2 A/250 V, 5 A/120 V
- DC : 0,3 A/110 V, 0,6 A/60 V, 2 A/24 V.
b settings and parameters
v target cos ϕ setting: 0,85 ind…0,9 cap
v possibility of a dual cos ϕ target (type NRC12)
v manual or automatic parameter setting of the power factor controller
v choice of different stepping programs:
- linear
- normal
- circular
- optimal.
v main step sequences:
1.1.1.1.1.1
1.2.2.2.2.2
1.2.3.4.4.4
1.1.2.2.2.2
1.2.3.3.3.3
1.2.4.4.4.4
1.1.2.3.3.3
1.2.4.8.8.8
v personalized sequences for NRC12 type
v delay between 2 successive switch on of a same step:
- NR6, NR12 type: 10 … 600 s
- NRC12 type: 10 … 900 s
v step configuration programming (fixed/auto/disconnected) (NRC12 type)
v 4 quadrant operation for generator application (NRC12 type)
v manuel control for operating test.
Varlogic NR6, NR12, NRC12
Dimensions
Varlogic N
Varlogic NR6/NR12
Varlogic NRC12
36
Dimensions (mm)
H
L
P1
P2
Weight
(kg)
150
150
70
80
60
70
1
1
150
150
Choice of products
Type
Varlogic N power factor controller
Number of step
output contacts
Supply voltage (V)
network 50-60 Hz
Measuring
voltage (V)
ref.
52448
52449
52450
ref.
52451
52452
NR6
6
110-220/240-380/415
110-220/240-380/415
NR12
12
110-220/240-380/415
110-220/240-380/415
NRC12
12
110-220/240-380/415
110-220/240-380/415-690
Varlogic N accessories
Communication RS485 Modbus set for NRC12
Temperature external probe for NRC12 type. In addition to internal proble, allows measurement at the hotest point inside the capacitor bank.
Better tuning of alarm and/or disconnection level.
Information supplied
NR6/NR12
b
b
b
Cos ϕ
Connected steps
Switching cycles and connected time counter
Step configuration (fixed step, auto, disconnected)
Step output status (capacitance loss monitoring)
Network technical data: load and reactive currents, voltage, powers (S, P, Q)
Ambient temperature inside the cubicle
Total voltage harmonic distortion THD (U)
Total current harmonic distortion THD (I)
Capacitor current overload Irms/I 1
Voltage and current harmonic spectrum (orders 3, 5, 7, 11, 13)
History of alarms
Alarms
Threshold
Low power factor
Action
message and alarm contact
Hunting (unstable regulation)
Abnormal cos ϕ
< 0.5 ind or 0.8 cap
message and alarm contact
message and alarm contact
Overcompensation
Overcurrent
> 115 % I1
message and alarm contact
message and alarm contact
Voltage low
Overvoltage
< 80 % Uo within 1 s
> 110 % Uo
message and alarm contact
message and alarm contact
disconnection (2)
disconnection (2)
θ u θo (θo = 50 °C max)(1)
θ u θo - 15 °C
message and alarm contact
fan switch
disconnection (2)
disconnection (2)
Total harmonic distortion
Capacitor current overload (Irms/I 1)
> 7 % (1)
> 1.5 (1)
message and alarm contact
message and alarm contact
disconnection (2)
disconnection (2)
Capacitor capacitance loss
Low current
- 25 %
< 2,5 %
message and alarm contact
message
disconnection (2)
High current
Under voltage
> 115 %
5 % Uo
message
message
Overtemperature
disconnection (2)
NRC12
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
NR6/NR12 NRC12
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
DB110655
Uo: input voltage (measurement)
(1): alarm threshold values can be modified according to the installation
(2): capacitor steps are automatically reconnected after fault clearance and a safety delay
37
4
Choice of products
Contactors
General
DB109701
Capacitor control is accompanied by transient operating conditions
resulting from the capacitor load which, amongst other things, generates a
very high overcurrent equivalent to a short-circuit of short duration.
The use of standard contactors may compromise the safety of persons and
installations.
Telemecanique contactors for capacitor control
The LC1-D•K contactors are specially designed for capacitor control.
They are fitted with a contact block allowing the current to pass on closing
and with damping resistors limiting the current on energisation.
This technology, which is unique, has been patented.
Personal safety
The contactors cannot be operated manually.
The contactors are fitted with covers for protection against direct contact.
DB110656
Safety of installations
The damping resistors are disconnected after the capacitor current
energising peak. A faulty contactor pole therefore does not allow the
permanent current to flow through the resistor and prevents it from burning.
Simplicity and durability
LC1-D•K contactors are a ready-to-use solution that does not require the
installation of shock coils.
Their durability is far greater than that of conventional solutions
(300,000 operating cycles at 400 V).
4
If specific contactors cannot be used to control the
capacitors, then energising current limiting reactors must be
used. Please consult the contactor manufacturer.
Note: LC1D contactors not incorporating a preinstalled resistor can be used with
detuned reactors.
The inductance of the detuned reactor limits the energising current to a value that
can be accepted by the contactor.
38
Contactors
Choice of products
References and maximum power ratings (1)
Power ratings
temp. y 55 °C
220 V
400 V
660 V
240 V
440 V
690 V
kvar
Instantaneous auxiliary
contacts
Tightening torque on
end-piece
Basic reference no. to which the control
voltage reference no. should be added (2)
Weight
LC1-DFK11••
0.43
kvar
kvar
"F"
"O"
Nm
6.5
12.5
18
1
1
1.2
kg
2
1.2
LC1-DFK02••
0.43
6.5
15
24
1
1
1.7
LC1-DGK11••
0.45
2
1.7
LC1-DGK02••
0.45
1.9
LC1-DLK11••
0.6
10
20
30
1
1
2
1.9
LC1-DLK02••
0.6
15
25
36
1
1
2.5
LC1-DMK11••
0.63
2
2.5
LC1-DMK02••
0.63
20
30
48
1
2
5
LC1-DPK12••
1.3
25
40
58
1
2
5
LC1-DTK12••
1.3
40
60
92
1
2
9
LC1-DWK12••
1.65
(1) The power values in the above table are valid for the following conditions:
Prospective peak energising current
LC1-D•K
200 In
Maximum rate
LC1-DKF/DKG/DLK/DMK/DPK
240 operating cycles/hour
LC1-DTK/DWK
Electrical durability at nominal load
100 operating cycles/hour
LC1-DKF/DKG/DLK/DMK/DPK
400 V
300000 operating cycles
LC1-DTK/DWK
690 V
300000 operating cycles
4
(2) Control circuit voltage (••) :
Tension (V)
110
220
230
240
380
400
415
50/60 Hz
F7
M7
P7
U7
Q7
V7
N7
Other voltages: contact us.
39
Power factor correction modules
Classic and Comfort Varpact
Installation in a 600 mm wide cubicle
b 5 modules maximum per column with
side connection or
b 4 modules maximum + one connection module
per column
b maximum power per column:
v Classic = 600 kvar (400 V, 50 Hz)
v Comfort = 450 kvar (400 V, 50 Hz).
DB114170
Cubicle installation
5
DB110623
Varpact without bus bars.
Note : extension piece specific to Prisma Plus
W = 650 mm: ref. 51635.
40
Varpact with bus bars.
Power factor correction modules
Classic and Comfort Varpact
Installation in a 700 mm and 800 mm wide cubicle
b 5 modules maximum per column with side
connection or
b 4 modules maximum + one connection module
per column
b maximum power per column:
v Classic = 600 kvar (400 V, 50 Hz)
v Comfort = 450 kvar (400 V, 50 Hz).
DB114171
Cubicle installation
5
DB110644
Varpact without bus bars.
Note : extension piece specific to Prisma Plus
W = 650 mm: ref. 51635.
Varpact with bus bars.
41
Power factor correction modules
Varpact Harmony
Installation in a cubicle 700 or 800 mm wide and 400 or
500 mm deep
For a 2000 mm high cubicle:
5 modules maximum and reactive power less
than or equal to 250 kvar, 400 V, 50 Hz
DB114172
Cubicle installation
5
DB110622
Varpact without bus bars.
Note : module compatible with Prisma Plus W = 650.
(*) Minimum distance recommended for easy
connection by the customer.
Varpact with bus bars.
42
Varplus2 capacitors
Cubicle installation
Fixing and installation
DB110657
b the capacitors must be installed in well ventilated rooms or enclosures to
ensure that they do not exceed the temperature category limits.
b whatever the installation conditions, the capacitors can be installed in any
position but upside down, like you can see on the drawings.
b capacitors mounted one above the other inside an enclosure should be
at least 25 mm apart
b for a lightning withstand of 25 kV, there should be at least 15 mm between
the rear panel and any metal part.
DB110658
Recommended installation.
Recommended installation.
DB114177
DB114164
DB114178
In vertical position, Varplus2 capacitors must be
installed on U metal section, or on a plate with large
holes in order to have a good ventilation.
5
Acceptable
Wrong.
DB114176
Recommended installation.
Wrong.
43
Cubicle installation
Varplus2 capacitors
Example: assembly of 120 kvar
DB109703
There are 3 conditions to respect:
b adapted bus bar section is expected to connect the capacitor assemblies
shown below
b minimum space of 25 mm is expected between 2 groups of capacitors
(see following figure)
b the power and the maximum mechanical assembly (= 1 group of
capacitors), are indicated in Varplus2 catalogue (pages 20 à 32)
b according to "Ventilation" chapter (see pages 45 to 47), specific
precautions must be taken in order to not exceed temperature category of
-25 °C/D inside the cubicle.
5
44
Detuned reactors
Cubicle installation
Temperature rise stresses
DB109704
The detuned reactors should be mounted in the upper part of the cubicle to
avoid overheating the installed switchgear.
In the case of a correction switchboard with detuned reactors, a separate
column should be specifically reserved for the reactors.
Detuned reactors require forced ventilation (page 48).
Note: under no circumstances may the detuned reactors be fitted beneath the
capacitors.
Example of capacitor banks with detuned reactors
(DRs).
Location of the detuned reactors
DB109705
To ensure proper ventilation, the DR windings must be vertical.
DB114158
5
DB109706
Installation distance
The minimum distances illustrated opposite must be observed for insulation
purposes and to prevent overheating.
45
Ventilation system
The ventilation rules given in this manual
are valid under normal operating conditions.
They ensure that the temperatures within
the cubicles do not exceed the maximum
temperatures to which the components can
be subjected.
The rules provide for an average delta T of
10 to 15 °C between the outside and inside
of the cubicle.
Classic and comfort range
Normal operating conditions to IEC 60439-1
b
b
b
b
b
b
maximum temperature in the electrical room: y 40 °C
average temperature over 24 hours in the electrical room: y 35 °C
average annual temperature in the electrical room: y 25 °C
minimum temperature: u -5 °C
maximum altitude: y 2000 m
other conditions, contact us.
The following rules apply to Varplus2 capacitors for
classic and comfort solutions.
Ventilation rules
DB114159
Capacitors, contactors, fuses and electrical connections dissipate heat:
1.9 (Classic) to 2.4 W/kvar (Comfort).
The following ventilation rules must therefore be complied with:
b the air within the cubicle must flow upwards.
It is recommended that extractor fans be fitted on top of the cubicle.
b the cross-section of the top air outlet must be at least 1.1 times the crosssection of the bottom air outlet
b the openings must be compatible with the safety rating (IP)
b there should be at least 100 mm between the fan and the modules or
components
b the air inlet at the bottom air intake grille must not be obstructed or
restricted by a component or module
b always let a gap of 100 mm between the back of the bank and the wall.
It allows to have a good ventilation.
Applications
The ventilation rules apply to cubicles with the following dimensions:
b height H = 2000 mm
b width W = 600 mm minimum
b depth D = 400 mm minimum
b and power less than or equal to:
v Classic: 600 kvar 400 V - 50 Hz per column.
v Comfort: 450 kvar 400 V - 50 Hz per column.
6
Reactive power
(kvar at 400 V - 50 Hz)
46
Type of
ventilation
Air inlet
Min. air flow
(m3/hour)
Cubicle safety rating (IP) y 3X
Power y 100 kvar
Natural
Power 100 to 200 kvar
Natural
Power > 200 kvar
Forced
200 cm2
400 cm2
-
u 0.75 times the
power in kvar
Cubicle safety rating (IP) > 3X
All power values
Forced
-
u 0.75 times the
power in kvar
Ventilation system
Harmony range
Design using Varpact Harmony
modules
Normal operating conditions to IEC 60439-1
The ventilation rules given in this manual
are valid under normal operating conditions.
They ensure that the temperatures within
the cubicles do not exceed the maximum
temperatures to which the components can
be subjected.
The rules provide for an average delta T of
10 to 15 °C between the outside and inside
of the cubicle.
b
b
b
b
b
b
maximum temperature in the electrical room: y 40 °C
average temperature over 24 hours in the electrical room: y 35 °C
average annual temperature in the electrical room: y 25 °C
minimum temperature: u -5 °C
maximum altitude: y 2000 m
other conditions, contact us.
The following rules apply to Varpact Harmony power
factor correction modules.
Ventilation rules
DB110711
Capacitors, detuned reactors, contactors, fuses and electrical connections
dissipate heat: 8 W/kvar.
The following ventilation rules must therefore be complied with:
b ventilation must be forced
b the real air flow (m3/h - allow for incoming and outgoing air pressure
drops) must be greater than or equal to 2.5 time the installed power (kvar).
Example: for an installed power of 200 kvar, the real air flow must be
500 m3/h
b the air within the cubicle must flow upwards.
It is recommended that extractor fans be fitted on top of the cubicle.
b there should be at least 100 mm between the fan and the modules or
components
b the air inlet at the bottom air intake grille must not be obstructed or
restricted by a component or module.
b always let a gap of 100 mm between the back of the bank and the wall.
It allows to have a good ventilation.
Applications
The ventilation rules apply to cubicles with the following dimensions:
b height H = 2000 mm
b width W = 650 mm minimum
b depth D = 400 mm or more and power less than or equal to
250 kvar/400 V - 50 Hz per column.
DB110722
Example: heighten the roof of the bank
Note: Prisma Plus cubicles
Reactive power
(kvar at 400V - 50 Hz)
Power y 200 kvar
Protection level
of the bank
IP y 31
Power from 200
to 250 kvar
IP y 21D
Recommended ventilation
Use the Prisma Plus ventilation
kit (roof - depth 400: ref. 08476
and 2 fans 300 m3/h:
ref. 08986).
Let the upper place empty.
3 fans 300 m3/h: ref. 08986.
Ex: heighten the roof of the bank
like shown on the drawing.
1 air entry on the back side of the
bank at the bottom: the upper air
entry has to be filled up.
47
6
Ventilation system
Harmony range
Design using Varplus2 capacitors
and detuned reactors (DR)
Normal operating conditions to IEC 60439-1
The ventilation rules given in this manual
are valid under normal operating conditions.
They ensure that the temperatures within
the cubicles do not exceed the maximum
temperatures to which the components can
be subjected.
The rules provide for an average delta T of
10 to 15 °C between the outside and inside
of the cubicle.
b
b
b
b
b
b
maximum temperature in the electrical room: y 40 °C
average temperature over 24 hours in the electrical room: y 35 °C
average annual temperature in the electrical room: y 25 °C
minimum temperature: u -5 °C
maximum altitude: y 2000 m.
other conditions, contact us.
The following rules apply to Varplus2 capacitors
associated with detuned reactors (Harmony range).
Ventilation for capacitor banks with detuned reactors
DB114165
This equipment must always include a forced ventilation system.
The DRs must be installed:
b in a separate enclosure
b or in the same enclosure as the capacitors, but in a separate
compartment, or possibly above the capacitors.
The part of the enclosure containing the capacitors must be ventilated
according to the standard capacitor bank rules, see page 45.
The part of the enclosure containing the DRs must be ventilated according
to the dissipated power.
The minimum air flow must be: F = 0.3 x Ps
(Ps = power dissipated by the DRs), see page 33.
b the DR temperature sensor must be connected so that the step
can be disconnected if the temperature is too high
b always let a gap of 100 mm between the back of the bank and the wall.
It allows to have a good ventilation.
Example
250 kvar 400 V DR capacitor bank, tuning 190 Hz,
in 1 x 50 kvar + 2 x 100 kvar:
b DR compartment: forced ventilation
Ps = 300 + 2 x 450 = 1200 W
F = 0.3 x Ps = 0.3 x 1200 = 400 m3/h
b capacitor compartment: forced ventilation
(cubicle: 600 x 400 x 2000)
fan rate: 0.75 x 250 = 187.5 m3/h.
6
48
Ventilation system
Derating for an ambient
temperature 50 °C
Compensation installation can be provided for the following operating
conditions:
b maximum temperature in the electrical room: 50 °C
b average temperature over 24 hours in the electrical room: 45 °C
b average annual temperature in the electrical room: 35 °C
b minimum temperature: -5 °C
b maximum altitude: 1000 m.
The following precautions must be taken:
b ventilation must be forced, irrespective of the power, and the ventilation
rate increased by 25 % (see the rules on pages 46, 47 and 48):
v classic or comfort equipment consisting of modules or capacitors:
rate (m3/h) = 0.75 x Q (kvar) x 1.25, whatever the power of Q
v harmony equipment consisting of Varpact harmony modules:
rate (m3/h) = 2.5 x Q (kvar) x 1.25
v harmony equipment consisting of components (capacitors + DR):
- capacitor compartment rate: see rule point 1
- DR compartment rate: (m3/h): 0.3 x Ps x 1.25
b the capacitor voltage must be higher than that normally required
(minimum 10 % higher than that specified by the normal dimensioning
rules)
b the DR temperature sensor must be connected so that the step can be
disconnected if the temperature is too high
b the contactors must be derated, the operating current must be increased
by 10 % with respect to the maximum constant current of the step.
Example: 30 kvar 400 V step, classic range, rated current = 43.3 A:
Imp = 1.36 x 43.3 = 58.9 A.
At a maximum ambient temperature of 50 °C, the contactor must be able to
accept a current of 58.9 x 1.1 = 65 A
b the cables must be appropriate for a current of at least 1.5 times the rated
current of the capacitor at a minimum temperature of 60 °C.
Summary
400/415 V 50 Hz network
Gh/Sn y at 15 %
15 % < Gh/Sn y 25 % 25 % < Gh/Sn y 50 %
Comfort capacitors (480 V)
550 V capacitors
Modules: Varpact comfort
Modules: on request
550 V capacitors
+ DR from the catalogue
Modules: on request
6
49
DB114161
Choice of protective
devices
Example 1
or
Circuit breakers – Fuses
Capacitor bank protection by means
of a circuit breaker
Their rating must be chosen to allow the thermal protection to be set to:
b 1.36 In for classic range
b 1.5 In for comfort range
b 1.12 In for harmony range: 2.7 tuning
b 1.19 In for harmony range: 3.8 tuning
b 1.31 In for harmony range: 4.3 tuning
The short-circuit (magnetic) protection setting thresholds must allow the
energising transients to pass through:
10 x ln for classic, comfort and harmony ranges.
In= Qc/ (1.732 x Un)
Example 2
or
Example 1
150 kvar / 400 V - 50 Hz - classic range
150000
In = -------------------- = 216 A
400 3
Thermal protection: 1.36 x 216 = 294 A
Magnetic protection > 10 In = 2160 A.
Example 2
150 kvar / 400 V - 50 Hz - harmony range (4.3 tuning)
DB114162
In = 216 A
Thermal protection: 1.31 x 216 = 283 A
Magnetic protection > 10 In = 2160 A.
Example 1
Capacitor bank protection by means of fuses
Type Gg HBC fuses must be used with the following ratings:
b classic range: 1.4 In
b comfort range: 1.6 In
b harmony range: 1.4 In.
Example 1
150 kvar / 400 V - 50 Hz – comfort range
In = 216 A
Fuse rating u 1.6 x 216 u 346 A
Example 2
150 kvar / 400 V - 50 Hz - harmony range
In = 216 A
Fuse rating u 1.4 x 216 u 302 A
Example 2
The fuse rating immediately above the calculated value must be used.
7
50
Choice of protective
devices
Circuit breakers - Fuses
Step protection by means of
circuit breaker or fuses
Circuit breaker or fuses (type Gg HBC) must be used with the following
ratings:
b classic and comfort ranges: 1.6 In
b harmony range: 1.5 In.
DB114163
Note: when 2 steps are protected by one circuit breaker or a same set of fuses, the
coefficients are:
or
Protection of the transformer
supplying the auxiliaries
b 1.4 In for classic and harmony steps
b 1.6 In for comfort steps.
Use of a transformer to supply the auxiliaries
The transformer must be sufficiently powerful to supply the contactor coils
(drive and holding), the controllers and other energy-consuming devices
(fans, lamps, etc.).
Table showing the choice of protective devices at the
transformer primary for transformers with an inrush current of
25 In (primary voltage 400 V)
Power
VA
63
100
160
250
400
630
800
1000
Primary In
A
aM fuse
A
Circuit breaker
Curve B
0.16
0.25
0.4
0.62
1
1.57
2
2.5
1
1
1
2
4
4
4
6
1
1
1
2
2
3
4
6
Table showing the choice of protective devices at the
transformer secondary (secondary voltage 230 V single-phase)
Power
VA
Secondary In
A
63
0.27
100
0.43
160
0.70
250
1.09
400
1.74
630
2.74
800
3.49
1000
4.35
(1) No overload protection provided.
gG fuse
A
Circuit breaker
Curve C
0.5 (1)
0.5
1
1
2
4
4
4
0.5 (1)
0.5
0.75
1
2
3
4
4
7
51
Choice of cables
Power and auxiliary circuits
Step power cables
Flexible, rigid or semi-rigid copper cables are generally used inside the
switchboard.
A U 1000 V cable (insulation 1000 V) is recommended.
For a working voltage that is less than half the insulation voltage of the
cable, i.e. < 500 V, these cables are considered to be class 2.
They can therefore be flanged directly onto metal supports without the use
of an insulating material.
The cable cross-section must be compatible with:
b the current to be carried
b the ambient temperature around the conductors.
Dimensioning rules:
b the ambient temperature in the electrical room must not exceed 40 °C:
the cables must be appropriate for a current of at least 1.5 times the
capacitor current at a temperature of 50 °C
b the ambient temperature in the electrical room must not exceed 50 °C:
the cables must be appropriate for at least 1.5 In at a temperature of 60 °C.
Auxiliary circuits
Unless otherwise stated in the specifications, the following cable crosssections are recommended for the auxiliary wiring:
b 1.5 mm2 for the auxiliary voltage circuits
b 2.5 mm2 for the auxiliary current circuits.
Capacitor bank connection cables
Dimensioning current
The cables must be appropriate for a current of at least 1.5 In.
Cross-section
It must be compatible with:
b the ambient temperature around the conductor
b the method of installation (trunking, duct, etc.).
See the cable manufacturer's recommendations.
Recommended cable cross-sections (U1000 R02V cables)
For capacitor connections at an ambient temperature of 35 °C.
Power (kvar)
230 V
15
20
25
30
40
50
60
80
90
100
120
135
165
180
200
240
280
315
350
7
52
400 V
Cross-section (mm2)
Cu
Al
25
30
45
60
75
90
110
135
150
180
200
240
275
300
360
400
480
540
600
6
10
16
25
35
50
70
95
120
2 x 50
2 x 70
2 x 70
2 x 95
2 x 120
2 x 150
2 x 185
2 x 240
2 x 300
3 x 150
16
16
25
35
50
70
95
2 x 50
2 x 70
2 x 70
2 x 95
2 x 150
2 x 150
2 x 185
2 x 240
2 x 300
3 x 185
3 x 240
3 x 240
Current transformers and C/K
Customer installation
recommendations
Installation recommendations
DB110662
b the CT current transformer must be installed upstream of the installation
to be compensated
b the controller voltage should be set between L2 and L3 and the CT to
phase L1
b the capacitor bank wiring diagram should be designed to ensure that the
time required to discharge the capacitors is observed (minimum 1 minute),
for example in the event of a loss of contactor auxiliary voltage
b if the installation comprises two or more supply transformers, a summing
CT that will take all the energy consumed by the installation into account
must be provided. The ratio to be used to calculate the C/K is the sum of
the ratios of the various measuring CTs
b if the installation includes a generator set, a contact will disconnect the
capacitor bank in the event of generator set operation.
The best method is to use it to cut off the supply to the controller.
DB110664
DB110663
Measuring current on phase L3
DB110665
Connecting two transformers in parallel
7
53
Customer installation
recommendations
Current transformers and C/K
Calculation of the response current C/K for power factor
controllers
All the Ct.A, Ct.B, Ct.C and Ct.D current transformers must have
the same ratio (same primary and secondary 5 A).
C = current of the first capacitor bank step.
K = current transformer ratio.
Assumptions
b transformer 1 = transformer 2 = 1600 kVA
b network: 400 V 50 Hz
b capacitor bank A = 300 kvar 400 V, 5 x 60 kvar
b capacitor bank B = 250 kvar 400 V, 5 x 50 kvar
Calculation of the current transformer ratio
Transformer rated current: 160000/400/1.732 = 2310 A.
The transformer primary current must therefore be greater than 2310 A.
A transformer with a primary current of 2500 A should therefore be used.
The transformer secondary current must be 5 A.
We therefore obtain: Ct.A = Ct.B = Ct.C = Ct.D = 2500/5 A.
Choice of summing current transformers
Ct.E = Ct.F = (5 + 5)/5 A.
Calculation of C/K for capacitor bank A
Ca = first step current = 60000/400/1.732 = 86.6 A.
Ka = (Ct.A primary + Ct.C)/5 = 1000.
Ca/Ka= 86.6/1000 = 0.086.
Calculation of C/K for capacitor bank B
Cb = first step current = 50000/400/1.732 = 72 A.
Kb = (Ct.B primary + Ct.D primary)/5 = 1000.
Cb/Kb = 72/1000 = 0.072.
7
54
Tests to be done
Principle
The means
Practical rules
At the end of the manufacturing process, a LV switchboard must undergo
various routine inspections and tests in the factory, following an established
programme.
The switchboard must comply with:
b the appropriate standards
b the design file (drawings, diagrams and specific requirements)
b manufacturer mounting instructions
b in-house instructions.
Test conditions
Tests must be carried out in a clearly defined
area, in compliance with applicable legislation
or regulations, by qualified personnel.
DD382359
Inspection means
Inspection is carried out in a special area reffered to as the test platform
which is set aside for final testing. All inspectors must first attend a special
training course and must be qualified for working in the proximity of live
parts.
The necessary parts should be suitable for the purpose, correctly calibrated
and in good working order:
b dielectric test station
b megohmmeter
b multimeter
b capacitance meter
b torque wrench
b controller test bench…
Megohmmeter.
The reference documents
s:
dard
Stan 439
0
6
IEC
9
6052 -1&2
IE C
831
0
6
IE C
1
6192
IEC
In addition to those items which are specific to the switchboard: drawings,
diagrams and specific specifications, quality inspectors should refer to upto-date documents, integrating revisions and updates:
b to technical files
b to in-house rules, etc.
b keeping track of changes in standards in order to have the most recent
version at all times.
The main international standards are:
b IEC 60439-1, IEC 60529, IEC 60831-1&2 and IEC 61921.
8
55
Tests to be done
The tests
Inspections and tests
Practical rules
s:
dard
Stan 439
60
IE C
Carry out all the compulsory inspections and tests and in particular the
three routine tests specified by the IEC 60439-1 standards.
They complement any type tests which may have been carried out
previously by the manufacturer.
Standard IEC 60439-1 defines 10 tests to be carried out on electrical
switchboards:
b 7 type tests
b 3 routine tests.
The 7 type tests must be carried out in laboratories and test platforms on
cubicles, using real working configurations: complete cubicles fitted with
standard components and equipped with Varplus² capacitors.
The assembly instructions and the 3 routine tests (described below)
provide the necessary proof that the switchboard is of the Type Tested
Assembly (TTA) or Partially Tested Assembly (PTA) type, and in
compliance with standards.
1st routine test
Inspection of the assembly, including
inspection of wiring and, if necessary,
an electrical operation test.
Conformity
b conformity of the finished switchboard to the drawings, part lists and
diagrams:
v number, type and rating of devices
v conformity of cabling: auxiliary and power circuit connections
v quality of cables: conductor cross-section, crimping and tightness
v marking of conductors and devices.
Visual inspection
b check clearances and creepage distances at connections or part
of busbars
b check the degree of protection. Presence of protective elements,
according to requirements (canopy, gasket, front plate, etc.).
No enclosure infractions (cut-outs, holes, etc.) that might compromise
the original degree of protection
b check the presence of a name plate or technical documentation showing
the manufacturer’s name, the project identity number and all the technical
specifications relevant to the LV correction switchboard (kvar, voltage,
frequency…).
Electrical operation
b inspect the cables and check the proper operation of the LV correction
switchboard, preferably using a “controller test bench” (attached diagram).
b capacitance measurement : check the capacitance of each step
one measurement between two capacitor terminals is sufficient:
Q = 2 x U2 x C x w (C = capacitance, measured between two terminals).
8
56
The tests
2nd routing test
Practical rules
Insulation testing
Dielectric test :
All devices must be connected, with the exception of those incapable of
withstanding the test voltage (disconnect the controller). Tests must be
done with all the contactors closed. For a switchboard with voltage rated up
690 V, apply a test voltage of 2500 V - 50 Hz for 1 second minimum,
between all the live parts and the interconnected frames of the assembly.
DD382356
Tests to be done
Note: due to capacitor presence, the test must be performed between
the 3 short-circuited phases and the earth.
The tests are satisfactory if there is neither puncture nor flashover between
the various parts being tested.
DD382361
Dielectrometer.
Alternative solution:
If the switchboard is not subjected to a dielectric test, an insulation
measurement must be taken using an insulation tester, with a voltage of at
least 500 V (DC). The minimum insulation resistance value must be higher
than 1000 ohms/V.
Multimeter.
3rd routine test
Protective measures
Check for the presence of barriers to protect against direct and indirect
contacts with live parts.
Visually check that:
b contact washers have been used on all assemblies
b earthing wires have been fitted to doors
b the PE conductor is present and must be connected.
Finishing
Clean the inside of the switchboard
Check presence of switchboard identification markers
Check external appearance : scratches, paintwork, etc.
8
57
Tests to be done
The tests
Reports
Practical rules
Create a non quality input document used to
quantify faults, evaluate their importance and
assign them to relevant department that must
take the necessary action to ensure
conformity of the electrical switchboard.
Conformity of production:
b draw up a list of missing items
b draw up a list of equipment which will be dispatched separately from the
switchboard.
8
58
Conformity of operation:
b issue a test report
b this report notes any anomalies detected and the required corrective
measures
b establish with the customer, a check list of all the points to be checked
(example enclosed)
b issue a test report that remains in the panel-builder’s possession but that
can be supplied on request
b this report certifies that all the tests have been carried out and avoids
repeating all tests a second time once on site.
Each panel-builder has his own test documents.
List of inspections
Example
Tests to be done
Customer: ...................................................................
Project no:...............................
Cust. order no.: ..............
Workpost: ............
Inspection performed by: ..........................................
Signatures: .............................
Q.I: ....................................................................
Device: ..............................................................................................................................
kvar
V
Hz
Inspection operations
1- dielectric test
2a- conformity
Capacitor (kvar)
Fuse (A)
Contactor (type)
DR (mH)
DR (A)
Cable cross-section
Busbar cross-section
Connection pads
Earth circuit
Component
identification
Conductor
identification
Rating plate
Documentation
Frame continuity
Degree of protection
Locking
Presentation,
appearance
Inspection
operations
Comments Q.I
v test 2500 V - 50 Hz - 1 second minimum
v insulation measurement at 500 V CC
v conform
v conform
v conform
v conform
v conform
v conform
v conform
v conform
v conform
v conform
v not conform
v not conform
v not conform
v not conform
v not conform
v not conform
v not conform
v not conform
v not conform
v not conform
v conform
v not conform
v conform
v conform
v conform
v conform
v conform
v conform
v not conform
v not conform
v not conform
v not conform
v not conform
v not conform
Steps no.
1
2
Comments Q.I
3
4
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
v OK v OK v OK v OK v OK v OK v OK v OK
v not conform
v OK v OK v OK v OK v OK v OK v OK v OK
no.:
no.:
no.:
no.:
no.:
no.:
no.:
no.:
no.:
no.:
no.:
no.:
no.:
no.:
no.:
no.:
no.:
no.:
no.:
no.:
no.:
no.:
no.:
no.:
no.:
no.:
no.:
no.:
no.:
no.:
no.:
no.:
no.:
no.:
no.:
no.:
2b- operation
Contactor
v OK v OK v OK v OK
v conform
Controller
Indication
v OK v OK v OK v OK
2c- capacitance measurement C between Ø (µF)
Capacitor no.
reading
5
Observations: ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
59
8
Final inspection report
Example
Tests to be done
Customer: ..................................................................
Customer order no.: .....................................................
Project no.: ................................................................
List of equipment
Workpost number: .....................................................
Description: ...................................................................
Inspection performed
1- Conformity inspection
b Conductors ........................................................................................................................................................................
v
v
v
2- Mechanical checks .....................................................................................................................................................
v
b enclosures .........................................................................................................................................................................
b Switchgear ........................................................................................................................................................................
3- Electrical continuity of mechanical frames
Visual ................................
v
Electrical ...........................
v
4- Dielectric tests (2500 V - 50 Hz - 1 second minimum) ........................................................................................
v
5- Insulation resistance monitoring (500 V DC) .....................................................................................................
v
Resistance value .......................................mΩ
Resistance value .......................................mΩ
6- Electrical operating tests ........................................................................................................................................
Observations:
......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Conclusion:
v equipment accepted without reservations.
v equipment accepted with reservations.
8
v equipment refused, to be presented for re-inspection.
Customer inspection
Acceptance test
organisation
Inspector
Date: .....................................
Date: ....................................
Date: .....................................
Signature: .............................
Signature: .............................
Signature: .............................
60
v
Q.I manager
Rectiphase
399, rue de la Gare
74370 Pringy
France
Tél : +33 (0)4 50 66 95 00
Fax : +33 (0)4 50 27 24 19
http://www.schneider-electric.com
http://www.merlin-gerin.com
ART218505
CFIE206105EN
As standards, specifications and design change from time to time, always ask for confirmation
of the information given in this publication.
Printed on recycled paper.
Création, published by: Schneider Electric - Ameg
Photos : Schneider Electric
Printed by:
07-2007
© 2007 - Schneider Electric - All rights reserved
Schneider Electric Industries SAS
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