GP38/SD40 Locomotive Operating Manual - HP

GP38/SD40 Locomotive Operating Manual - HP
GP38/SD40 Locomotive Operating Manual
HP-Trainz introduces a new generation of locomotives for Trainz. We have incorporated the
experiences of 12 years content creation for Trainz into the development. Besides the excellent
appearance of the models we have focused our attention to an enhanced functionality of the
locomotives. Choosing the functions we wanted to incorporate into our loco scripts, we focused
rather on those that reflect the experience of an engineer and making the sessions driving more
interesting, then on neat eye candies. This manual provides an overview of the functions of the
locomotive and shows their operation.
You can observe the functions of the locomotive also in the following video:
Operating the GP38-2 Marias Pass HP-Trainz
Locomotive functions and effects
Diesel fuel and sand consumption
Weather conditioned driving physics
Wiper management
Cab functions
Engine start/stop
Working vigilance alerter
Conductor/Speed supervision
Enhanced sanding functions
Auto running number
Squealing brakes
Head-of-Train Device ("Wilma")
Animated sun visors
Cab animation
In-cab brightness follows the daylight
In-cab illumination effects
Dark cab in tunnel
Squealing brakes
Loco night effects
Locomotive setup
In surveyor you can enable/disable certain functions for each locomotive and set up the initial
amount of fuel and sand.
GP38/SD40 Locomotive Operating Manual
Controls, Gauges, Indicators
Fig. 1 Control stand
Automatic Brake Valve Handle
Independent Brake Valve Handle
Cutoff Valve*
Air Horn
Light Switches
Alerter Reset Switch
* Can be moved but has not specific function yet
Sand Wobble Switch
Sanding Switch
Indicating Lights Panel
Speed Recorder / Alerter
EOT Control Device ("Wilma")
Headlight Switch Front
GP38/SD40 Locomotive Operating Manual
Controller Panel
Fig. 2 Control Panel
Throttle Handle
Dynamic Brake Handle
Indicating Lights Panel
Light Switches
Reverser Handle
Headlight Switch
The handles on the controller are interlocked so that:
Throttle in IDLE position a. Dynamic brake handle can be moved to any position.
b. Reverser handle can be placed in forward or reverse position if dynamic brake
handle is in OFF position.
Throttle above IDLE position a. Dynamic brake handle can not be moved.
b. Reverser handle can not be placed in forward or reverse position.
GP38/SD40 Locomotive Operating Manual
Dynamic brake handle in OFF position –
a. Throttle can be moved to any position.
b. Reverser handle can be moved to any position if throttle is in IDLE position.
Dynamic brake handle moved out of OFF position a. Throttle cannot be moved out of IDLE position into power positions.
b. Reverser handle cannot be placed in forward or reverse position.
Indicates slipping wheels. (Differs from prototype function.)
• PCS OPEN Light
Comes on to indicate a safety control or emergency air brake application. The pneumatic
control switch PCS functions to automatically cut power to the traction motors in the
event of a safety control or emergency air brake application.
Locomotive power is restored by resetting of the PCS switch. This occurs automatically,
provided that:
1. Control of the air brake is recovered.
2. The throttle is returned to IDLE position.
Indicates the application of any brake.
(Differs from prototype function. There it indicates excessive dynamic braking current.)
• SAND Light
Indicates the "SANDING" state
• WSD DEF Light
Currently no function
• Gauges lights switch
Turns the display illumination on/off
• Cabin light switch
Turns the cabin interior lights on/off
• Step lights switch
Turns the outside step and walkway lights on/off
Just click with the moue onto the switches. You don't need to drag the mouse.
Controls the headlights of the loco. Has three positions Off/Medium/Bright. The switching between
front/rear lights occurs automatically in
GP38/SD40 Locomotive Operating Manual
Engine start/stop
This is probably the first thing you need to know (unless you have already started the engine in
Surveyor). There are two ways to start the engine:
The "engineers" way
Enter the cab.
Press the "]" key twice to focus the camera on the rear control panel.
Fig. 3 Rear Control Panel
Set the switch α into the "Start/Stop/Isolate" position
Move the switch β into the "Fuel Prime" position moving it up with the mouse (Optional
step, only sound effect)
Move the switch β into the "Engine Start" position moving it down with the mouse. You will
hear the starting sound. Wait until the engine is idling steady.
Set the switch α into the "Run" position. (Omitting this step, the engine will run but is
electrically isolated from the controller. Moving the throttle will have no effect).
To stop the engine, click with the left mouse button (LMB) on the button χ . The engine will
shut down (takes few seconds). The engine doesn't consume fuel now.
This way start only the individual engine. Having more engines in the consist, you have to repeat the
procedure for each loco.
The quick and easy way
Press the "1" key on the keypad (KP1). All engines in the consist will start now. The first time in the
session, you have to press KP1 twice. To stop all engines in a consist, press KP1 again.
GP38/SD40 Locomotive Operating Manual
Speed Recorder / Alerter
Vigilance alerter is a device, which is designed to prevent accidents caused by fatigue or incapacity of
the driver. The alertness of the engineer is checked when he has shown no activity during a fixed
time period. Shows the engineer no response to the graduated alarm, the train will stop
automatically. Nowadays most U.S. locomotives are equipped with such devices.
Fig. 4 Speed Recorder / Alerter
Fig. 5 Alerter Timing Diagram
GP38/SD40 Locomotive Operating Manual
The alerter is preemptive (you can reset it any time, don't need to wait until alarm is displayed) and
activity based (operating throttle or dynamic brake resets the alerter). The alerter is only active if
train is moving.
Fig. 5 shows the alerter timing. If the driver does not reset the alerter within the time period Ta + Tb
a penalty brake will be launched. Ta = 60 sec, Tb = 25 sec, Td = 15 sec. The alerter can be reset:
a. clicking on the Alerter Reset switch (γ in Fig.1)
b. operating the throttle or dynamic brake
c. pressing alt+space on the keyboard
The alerter resets automatically on complete train stop.
If you are driving in an outside camera mode, you cannot watch the alerter. You will get a warn
message instead.
Canceling of penalty brake:
Reset alerter
Set throttle lever to idle position
Release the train brake
Wait until the red PCS OPEN lamp goes out . The locomotive power is restored now.
You can enable/disable the alerter in driver module checking the box in View Details window. See
Fig. 8.
GP38/SD40 Locomotive Operating Manual
Conductor/Speed supervision
Fig. 6 Conductor
This locomotive has an optional conductor with speed supervision function. If enabled (in surveyor),
the conductor will warn you when you are driving more the 5 MPH over speed limit. If you are still
speeding after the second warning, he will apply the emergency brake. Once the speed drops below
the speed limit, he will close the emergency brake valve. You can cancel the emergency brake
application releasing the train brake and setting the throttle to the idle position. Once the red PCS
OPEN light goes off, the throttle gains efficiency again.
If you are driving in an outside camera mode, you cannot watch and hear the conductors warning.
You will get a (cascaded) warn message instead.
GP38/SD40 Locomotive Operating Manual
Weather conditioned driving physics
In dry weather the adhesion between wheel and rail is good, the locomotive can develop full tractive
effort. On start-up’s, nevertheless you shouldn’t engage the top throttle notch immediately
(according to the weight in tow), to avoid wheel slip.
In humid weather and rain the locomotive inclines a lot rather to wheel slipping, with snow and ice
the adhesion gets worse even more. You have to handle the throttle very carefully on start-up and
make use of sand, when required. Do not forget, to switch off sanding if not more needed, otherwise
you will soon finish with empty sand boxes.
Use sand when the wheels are slipping. There are 2 sand
switches. They are now fully functional and have different
effects. The short one "SANDING LEAD TRUCK" has a switch
function and causes normal, continuous sanding. (The
same function as KP- on the keyboard). The traction boost
when wheel slip occurs is 40%. The longer sand wobble
lever "SAND" has a spring function (button) and causes a
traction boost off 80%, sanding all trucks. When pressed
down, the sand consumption rate will double. It is handy
on heavy start up's.
Fig. 7 Sand switches and lights
Diesel fuel and sand consumption
The locomotive consumes diesel fuel, depending on the throttle
position. When idling a lower fuel amount is consumed. Also
consumes sand when sanding. If the fuel level falls under 10%, a
warning message is given. With empty tank the locomotive develops
no more tractive effort and shuts down. It has eventually to be
towed off to the next filling facility by a helper loco. With empty
sand box sanding shows no effect. The loco can be refilled in a
suitable tank and sand facility (if available on the route). You can
check any time the still remaining fuel and sand amount, pressing
the CTRL key and clicking with the right mouse button on the
locomotive, and selecting "View Details" (in the driver's module).
Fig. 8 View Details Window
GP38/SD40 Locomotive Operating Manual
Windshield wiper control
If you control the locomotive yourselves, you are responsible as a train driver for the function of the
windshield wipers. (Controls valves for front and
rear wipers are in the cabin - Fig. 9). The outside
visible windshield wipers follows the wipers in the
The wipers can be alternatively switched on/off via
keyboard (alt+comma on, each other keystroke
toggles between slow/fast motion. alt+period off).
Affects only front windshield wipers. You can
control the wipers also outside of cab.
In the AI mode the windshield wipers of the leading
Fig. 9 Windshield wiper valves
locomotive are automatically controlled according
to weather condition. With ongoing rain, these starts moving after a short time, on storm and heavy
rain they switch in the quick speed. The windshield wipers of all other locomotives in the consist
remains inactive.
Remark: during the loading process in a station or in an industry the train is always in the AI mode.
Other functions and effects
Auto running number
When placed in surveyor, the locomotive automatically gets assigned an unique RN. The RN can be
changed manually. The current RN is displayed on the front cabin wall.
Head-of-Train Device ("Wilma")
It is the counterpart of FRED (Flashing
Rear-End Device). Among railroaders
known as a "Wilma." (This is a play on
the first name of the wife of cartoon
character Fred Flintstone.) The two
devices are radio linked. The main
purpose of the "smart" ETD (End Of
Train Device) is the monitoring of train
integrity and brake line pressure. It also
Fig. 10 "Wilma"
contains a toggle switch used to initiate
an emergency brake application from the rear end. (FRED is connected to the brake pipe.) The
widespread use of ETD's has made the caboose nearly obsolete.
Our virtual "Wilma" displays the current train length (feet) and the brake pipe pressure (PSI).
Sun visors
There are 2 of them, animated, you can move them by dragging with the mouse.
GP38/SD40 Locomotive Operating Manual
Cab animation
The cabin has animations which are speed dependent. The primary animation simulates the sine run
plus some sway and vertical shaking. On top of this is there a vertical shaking when passing a
In-cab brightness
The brightness of the cab interior follows the daylight. In the late afternoon it will softly get darker,
stays dark the whole night and gets slowly bright in the morning.
Fig. 11 Night cab
There are some illumination effects in the dark cab:
Gauges lights
turn them on with the switch
Cab interior light
When switched on the cab brightness rises and the flares around the interior lamps appears. In
addition, the cabin from the outside view appears illuminated.
Step lights
Switch the walkway and step lights on with the respective flip switch on the control panel. The lights
are visible outside.
Outside view cameras
There are three outside view cameras in the cab. Right and left cab window view and a position on
the rear platform.
GP38/SD40 Locomotive Operating Manual
Dark cab in tunnel
When you enter a tunnel the cabin will be
dimmed, it returns to the current daytime
brightness when leaving the tunnel. This works
with all spline assets Trainz recognizes as tunnel.
This has one flaw. Trainz detects the end of
tunnel when the middle of the vehicle is out of
tunnel. The cab is already on the daylight when
starting to brighten. Looks a bit weird. To make
the effect looking perfectly, we have build a
special unidirectional trigger which messages the
Fig. 12 Tunnel end trigger
cab leaving tunnel short before the end of
tunnel. Place the tunnel trigger just on each end of a tunnel (it has a trigger radius of 20m), the
"tooth" of the trigger object pointing out of tunnel. The show will be perfect now. The tunnel trigger
is packaged with the loco.
Squealing brakes
If you stop with brake cylinder pressure higher than 15 psi, you will hear the sound of squealing
brakes bellow 8 mph. The sound stops when releasing the brakes or when the train stops.
Loco night effects
Back lighted number plates (switchable with the headlights at night only)
Step and walkway lights (switchable from cab)
Flashing ditch lights (";" key)
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