User`s Manual Template
USER’S
MANUAL
C32- DUAL PORT MULTIFUNCTION CNC
BOARD Rev. 4
August, 2012
USER'S MANUAL
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page #
1.0
FEATURES.................................................................................................................................. 1-1
2.0
SPECIFICATIONS ..................................................................................................................... 2-3
3.0
BOARD DESCRIPTION ............................................................................................................. 3-4
4.0
FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAMS ........................................................................................ 4-5
Outputs 2-9 “Port 1” simplified functional block diagram.............................................................. 4-5
Outputs 1, 14, 16 and 17 “Port 1” simplified functional block diagram ........................................ 4-5
Simplified block diagram for inputs .................................................................................................. 4-6
5.0
SPECIAL FUNCTIONS .............................................................................................................. 5-7
Safety Charge Pump “SCHP”. (Pin 17 “Port 2” ) ........................................................................... 5-7
6.0
PINOUT ..................................................................................................................................... 6-17
7.0
CONNECTING A PENDANT................................................................................................... 7-18
Connecting a C48. .............................................................................................................................. 7-19
8.0
WIRING DIAGRAMS ............................................................................................................... 8-20
9.0
DIMENSIONS. .......................................................................................................................... 9-23
User’s Manual
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C32 (Rev. 4) User Manual
1.0






FEATURES
Connects directly to the Smooth Stepper (from Warp9).
The board is provided with sockets that allow the Smooth Stepper Board to be
plugged directly into this board. No ribbon cables required.
IEEE 1284 Standard compatible.
Includes the circuitry recommended by the IEEE 1284 Level 1 standards for
bidirectional parallel communications between personal computers and
peripherals.
Built-in PWM-Based Speed Control.
It has an isolated analog 0-10VDC output that will convert a PWM signal into an
analog signal that can be used to command a commercial VFD. This analog
signal can be adjusted using the on-board potentiometer, so this board can be
adjusted to other voltages.
Built-in Isolated DC-DC converter for analog output voltage.
No need for using an external 12V power supply to power the analog output
circuit. It now comes with a built-in DC-DC converter, so the power for the analog
circuit is sourced from the +5vdc that powers the board.
Two Built-in Electromechanical Relays with NO and NC positions for
spindle control.
This board has two relays that can be used to control the direction (CW/CCW)
and enable the drive (On/Off).
RJ45 Connector for Easy VFD Connection.

Monitors E-Stop, Safety Charge Pump, and Drivers (it only monitors
G320/340, DG2S, and Viper Servomotor drives at this time).

Enables and disable the drivers.

An Electromechanical Relays with NO and NC positions for general use
(Pin 2_16 or Pin 2_17, jumper selectable).

Microcontroller based SCHP.
This Board comes with a microcontroller that allows the implementation of a
complex algorithm for sampling and analyzing the SCHP signal.

RJ45 connectors for all I/Os.
You only have to use standard network cable to make all connections.
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C32 (Rev. 4) User Manual

Easy Connections with CNC4PC relay boards and speed control boards.

Connects 4 and 6 axis pendants (MPG2, MPG12, and MPG8)

Optoisolated inputs.

Works with regular parallel ports.
Board C24 (from CNC4PC) or Ribbon cables can be used to connect regular
parallel ports.

All TTL 5VDC signals.
Interface directly with parallel port interface products and other CNC4PC cards.
5VDC (TTL) cards are very common among automation devices.

Buffered outputs.
All outputs are buffered through the use of high speed and high current buffers,
with the result that your devices receive all the power they need.

Status LEDs on all inputs and output connections.
No more guessing. You can SEE all your signals. Save valuable time and
brainpower for CNCing. To avoid cross over current to the main load (driver or
other device), all the indicator outputs LEDs are driven by independent buffers
separate from the output drivers.

Works directly with popular CNC hardware and software.
That goes for Geckodrive, Rutex and parallel port control software such as
mach3, Linux EMC2, and TurboCNC.

34 inputs and outputs on 2 ports.
PINS
PORT1 PORT2 TOTAL
INPUT
5
12
17
OUTPUT
13
4
17
TOTAL
18
16
34
User’s Manual
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C32 (Rev. 4) User Manual
2.0
SPECIFICATIONS
DIGITAL OPTOISOLATED INPUT SPECIFICATIONS
18
Numbers of inputs
2 to 5V DC
On-state voltage range
0.8V
Maximum off-state voltage
2.8uS
Typical signal delay
DIGITAL OUTPUT SPECIFICATIONS
16
Number of outputs
(5V power supply voltage) + 0.5V
Maximum output voltage
24mA
Typical output current
0.44 V
Maximum off-state voltage
4M
Maximum supported frequency
10 nS
Typical signal delay
120mS*
Time of transition to high impedance state
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C32 (Rev. 4) User Manual
3.0
BOARD DESCRIPTION
User’s Manual
Page 4
C32 (Rev. 4) User Manual
4.0
FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAMS
Outputs 2-9 “Port 1” simplified functional block diagram
Simplified functional block diagram for the outputs 2-9.
Parallel Port coupling is done following IEEE 1284 standard recommendation. The
indicator LED is driven by a different buffer.
Outputs 1, 14, 16 and 17 “Port 1” simplified functional block diagram
Simplified functional block diagram for the outputs 1, 14, 16 and 17.
Note: “Internal Enable” = “E-Stop Pin” AND (“SCHP” OR “Bypassed SCHP”) AND Port 1
connection.
The “Internal Enable” is the result of an AND operation between the “E-Stop Pin”, the SCHP and
the port 1 connection to the PC parallel port or the Smooth Stepper.
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C32 (Rev. 4) User Manual
Simplified block diagram for inputs
Simplified functional block diagram for the Port 1 inputs.
Simplified functional block diagram for the Port 2 inputs.
User’s Manual
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C32 (Rev. 4) User Manual
5.0
SPECIAL FUNCTIONS
Safety Charge Pump “SCHP”. (Pin 17 “Port 2” )
This board takes advantage of Mach ability to send a specific frequency through one of
the pins of the parallel port when the program is in control of the system. CNC
machinery can be very dangerous, and you could have a risk of the machine doing
something different that what you intend the machine to do if the program loses control
of your system. Mach be can be programmed in a way, so when it is “in control”, it
delivers a 12.5 KHz signal through one of the pins. This card lets you use this signal to
work as an On/Off switch for your system, enabling a powerful safety system for your
equipment. If you ever had windows crash on you, then this card is for you. The port
can also do weird things while the system is coming up, or down.
For Configuring the Charge Pump in Mach X:
Use the dialog Config / Ports and pins / Output Signals. Enable the Charge Pump
output and configures it as is shown in the Fig. 12 Next, press the apply button.
Selecting the SCHP operation mode
Onboard DIPSWITCH allows activating or deactivating the SCHP detection function.
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C32 (Rev. 4) User Manual
SWITCH 2 ON: Activate the SCHP detection function.
SWITCH 2 OFF: Deactivate the SCHP detection function.
Note: When the Safety Charge Pump is activated, 5V in the E-Stop terminal and a valid
SCHP signal is present, Port 2 Pin 17 will go high. This high signal can be used to
enable other external devices, such as enabling other Breakout Boards, or relays that
would enable servos, VFDs, contactors, etc….Variable Speed Control (pin 14 “Port 1” )
and VFD connection.
Variable Speed Control allows controlling the spindle with PWM and direction signals,
as if it was an axis motor. It converts the PWM signal into an analog (0-10VDC) signal.
A Variable Frequency Drive or Inverter works by modifying the frequency for AC motors.
You can control most of these devices with an external analog signal (0-10VDC). That
is, if there is 5VDC control signal, the motor will run at 50% of full speed, if there is
User’s Manual
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C32 (Rev. 4) User Manual
10VDC, the motor will run at 100% of full speed. If there is no voltage, then the motor
will stop.
This function can also be used on many DC motor controllers by replacing the
potentiometer that controls the speed.
WARNING: You will require a voltmeter to fine tune your system.
Before connecting anything, please be sure to read your VFD’s manual and make sure you
understand all the safety issues.
Operation Mode Selection Jumper
This jumper allows selecting the way how the relays are activated when a PWM signal and REV
signal are present in the pins 1_14 and 1_16.
In US mode one relay is used to start on CW and the other one to start on CCW. In
international mode one relay is used for on/off, and the other one to indicate the CW or CCW
rotation of the spindle motor. This board uses the step and direction setting for the spindle
motor under motor output in Mach3 to generate the required action on the relays. For both
cases the presence of PWM will indicate spindle start.
See the tables below.
US MODE (INT)
PIN
1_14
PWM
PWM
0
0
RELAYS
1_16
1
0
1
0
REL 1
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
REL 2
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
OPERATION
Spindle ON CCW
Spindle ON CW
Spindle Off
Spindle Off
INTERNATIONAL MODE
(INT)
INPUTS
1_14
PWM
PWM
0
0
User’s Manual
1_16
1
0
1
0
RELAYS
REL 1
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
REL 2
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
OPERATION
Spindle ON CCW
Spindle ON CW
Spindle Off
Spindle Off
Page 9
C32 (Rev. 4) User Manual
Relay 1 and 2 (Pins 16 “Port 1”)
They can be used to control the VFD. The relay specifications are shown in the table
below.
ELECTROMECHANICAL RELAYS
SPECIFICACTIONS
[email protected];
Maximum Current (AC)
[email protected]
Maximum Current (DC)
[email protected]; [email protected]
Relays 1 and 2 Specifications.
RJ45 for VFD Connection
This RJ45 port let you make an easy connection between this board and the VFD.
RJ45 for VFD
RJ45
PIN
Function
1
Analog. GND
2
Analog Output
3
Not Used
4
REL 1 Normally Open Contact
5
Ext. GND
6
REL 2 Normally Open Contact
7
Ext. 12VDC or 24VDC
8
Relay Common
An. GND: Ground of the Analog output signal
Analog Output: Isolated Analog Output Signal (0-10V)
Ext. GND: External 12V or 24V power supply GND.
Ext. 12VDC or 24VDC: External 12VDC or 24VDC power supply used to enable the
VFD.
Relay Common: The signal or voltage wired to this terminal can be connected to the
common terminals of the relay 1 and relay 2. Use the on-board RELAY COMMON
JUMPERS to do this connection. Remove the jumper if this connection is not required.
For additional wiring diagrams, check the bottom of this product’s page:
http://www.cnc4pc.com/Store/osc/product_info.php?products_id=255
Configuring the Control Software:
It is strongly recommend that you read your control software’s manual. You need to
configure your control software to control the spindle as if it was an angular axis. This
card requires a PWM input signal to deliver 10VDC. So you have to set the speed of
the motor (spindle) at maximum. For acceleration values adjust them to where you feel
comfortable. Keep in mind the acceleration of the motor must also be set in your VFD.
For configuring Mach X follow these steps:
User’s Manual
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C32 (Rev. 4) User Manual
Go to Config / Ports&Pins / Motor Outputs. Enable the spindle and select the port and
pins you wired for step and direction.
Fig. 2. Ports & Pins configuration screenshot
Go to Config / Ports & Pins / Spindle Setup. In the motor control box, check Use Spindle
Motor Output and Step /Dir Motor. Under Pulley Ratios set the pulley ratios of the
machine.
Fig. 3. Spindle Setup screenshot
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C32 (Rev. 4) User Manual
Go to Config / Motor Tuning / Spindle. On Steps per unit put 1,000, set velocity to
maximum. For Acceleration, choose the acceleration that you feel comfortable with.
Start slow, increase acceleration as you test your system. Under Step Pulse length,
use a number from 3 to 5, but start with 3. This number is directly proportional to the
final voltage you will get in the analog output. Use this number and the fine tuning pot
to adjust the voltage you want to get at max speed.
Fig. 4. Motor Tuning and Setup screenshot.
After configuring the Mach, these steps should be followed.
Step 1. Ensure that all external power sources are set to OFF.
Step 2. Connect the power supply to the Power Inputs Terminals.
Step 4. Turn on the external supplies
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C32 (Rev. 4) User Manual
Step 5. Connect a multimeter in the analog outputs connectors and make a fine tune to
this output:
Make sure that when you reach the max speed in the control software you get 10VDC
out as a signal. This voltage can vary depending on many things, including the electrical
properties of parallel port or breakout board you are using, the length of the step pulse
your software is delivering, and the normal hi or low status of your step pin. Play with
the fine tuning pot in the card, the normally hi or low status of your pin, and the pulse
width.
Step 6. Turn off the external supplies
Step 7. Connect the analog output and external Relay contacts.
Step 8.Turn on the external power supplies.
Replacing a Potentiometer:
This circuit can be used to replace a potentiometer of a DC
motor speed control circuits. This speed controller circuits are
very commonly used by SIEG, KB Electronics, and many other
Asian machines. Before explaining how to do it, please first
keep in mind that it can be done if the voltage that goes though
the pot is +12vdc or less. This circuit cannot be used for AC
currents.
In most cases the terminals that go to the potentiometer will
carry these signals:
P1 = GND
P2 = WIPER
P3 = REFERENCE VOLTAGE
These are the steps for replacing a potentiometer:
Measure the voltage difference between P1 and P3. Make sure it measures under
+12vdc.
Fine tune the analog output to the output voltage you got from step 1.
Connect the ground from the analog output to the ground of the potentiometer (P1).
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C32 (Rev. 4) User Manual
Connect the analog output to the wiper connection of the potentiometer (P2).
Microcontroller based driver monitoring system.
This board incorporates a microcontroller that runs programs that monitor the drivers, EStop and perform other functions.
Functions:






Enables and disables the drivers.
Monitors E-Stop.
Monitors Safety Charge Pump.
Monitors the Drivers errors pins. (it only monitors G320/340, DG2S Servo driver
and Viper Servomotor drives at this time).
Indicates the fault source.
Indicates the system Status.
Configuration DIPSWITCH
DIPSWITCH allows activating or deactivating the SCHP detection function, and
selecting the driver to be monitored.
SWITCH 1
SWITCH 1 OFF: Delayed enable output (Pin 17-Port 2).
SWITCH 1 ON: Non Delayed enable output (Pin 17-Port 2).
The enable output will be activated when the driver enable process starts. A delay in the
signal activation time could be added by selecting the OFF position in the DIPSWITCH
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Page 14
C32 (Rev. 4) User Manual
The table below shows the delay time for every supported driver.
DRIVER
G320/340
G203
G210/201/Keling
Viper Servodriver
DELAY
(Sec.)
5
2
2
5
SWITCH 2
SWITCH 2 ON: Activate the SCHP detection function
SWITCH 2 OFF: Deactivate the SCHP detection function
SWITCH 3 and 4
Select the driver you will use according to the below table.
DRIVER
G320/G340
G203
G210/201/Keling
Viper /Dugong
DIP 3
0
1
0
1
DIP 4
0
0
1
1
Program description
Connect the driver ERR/RES (servo drivers) or EN (stepper driver) terminal to the pin 5
of each RJ45 driver connector.
ERR/RES (servo drivers) or EN (stepper driver) descriptions
Operation Mode 1 (G320/G340)
When the system starts, the C32 error/reset pins go to a low state (0V), making sure the
driver remains disabled. When SCHP and E-Stop function are checked and validated
and there is no fault signal coming from a driver, the system send a high (5V) to the
driver’s error/reset pins for about 5 seconds to enable the drivers. After that the system
monitors the driver’s err/res pins. If a fault occurs on any driver (0V in driver ERR/RES
pin) or an external fault occurs (E-Stop or SCHP fault), the system stops and sends an
e-stop signal (Active low) to the controller. All outputs on the board are disabled and
the drivers will be disabled by sending a LOW (0V) to the drivers ERR/RES pin. The
system will remain that way until the conditions to restart are present again.
Operation Mode 2 (G203).
When the system starts, the C32 enable pins go to a HIGH state (5V). When SCHP
and E-Stop function are checked and validated, the system send a LOW (0V) to the
driver’s EN pin for about 2 Sec, enabling the drivers. If an external error occurs, the
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C32 (Rev. 4) User Manual
system stops, resets the CNC software and sends a HIGH (5V) to the drivers EN pin.
The system will remain that way until the conditions to restart are present again.
Operation Mode 3 (G210/201).
When the system starts, the C32 enable pins go to a LOW state (0V). When SCHP and
E-Stop function are checked and validated, the system send a HIGH (5V) to the Drivers
EN pin for about 2 Sec, enabling the Drivers. If an external error occurs, the system
stops, resets the CNC software and sends a LOW (0V) to the drivers EN pin. The
system will remain that way until the conditions to restart are present again.
Operation Mode 4 (Viper & Dugong).
When the system starts, the C32 enable pins go to a low state (0V). When SCHP and
E-Stop function are checked and validated and there is no fault signal coming from any
driver, the system sends a high (5V) to the driver Fault output pin, enabling the drivers.
After that the system monitors the driver’s Fault Output pin. If an error is generated in
any driver (0V in driver Fault Output pin) or an external error occurs, the system stops,
resets the CNC software and sends a LOW (0V) to the drivers to ensure they remain
disabled.
LEDs indicator Operation
The standby LED lights to indicate that the system is ready but disabled.
There are 3 possible error sources, a driver fault, an E-STOP error and a SCHP error.
An LED will light next to the source of the fault to indicate the cause.
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C32 (Rev. 4) User Manual
6.0
PINOUT
Fig. 9. RJ45 Distribution
M_N: Parallel port or Smooth Stepper pin, where M is the port number and N is the pin
number.
* When connecting optoisolated boards, a connection between the ground of the C32
and the board must be used. This is the case for the C15 and C19
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C32 (Rev. 4) User Manual
7.0
CONNECTING A PENDANT.
Set the pendant enable jumper in ENABLE position if a pendant is connected to the
DB25 connector.
Pins 2_10, 2_11, 2_12, 2_13 and 2_15 are able to be used with the pendant (DB25
connector) or as general use input pin (RJ45 connector). Set the Pendant ON/OFF
selection jumper in ON position if a pendant is connected to the DB25 connector.
Otherwise set jumpers in OFF position.
Fig. 9 Pendant ON/OFF selection jumper.
Note: Pins (2_2 - 2_9) are configured as inputs and they are only accessible through
the DB25 for Pendant.
User’s Manual
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C32 (Rev. 4) User Manual
Connecting a C48.
RJ45_8 provides an easy way to wire an External Probe and an external (Secondary)
E-Stop. Image below shows a wiring sample for this connection
Note: The primary E-stop can be connected to C32 E-Stop terminals or to the C48 E-Stop input
terminals.
User’s Manual
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C32 (Rev. 4) User Manual
8.0
WIRING DIAGRAMS
While this board supports only TTL +5VDC signals, different kind of sensors and
switches using different voltages can be connected using the diagrams that follow:
Note: The below wiring diagrams are an example, any input can be used for the connections.
Fig. 10 Wiring diagram to connect switches.
Fig. 11 Wiring diagram to connect NPN open collector proximity sensors.
For a 24V or 12V sensor, the recommended value for the external resistor R1 is 4.7K
Ohm.
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C32 (Rev. 4) User Manual
Fig. 12 Wiring diagram to connect in parallel NPN open collector proximity sensors.
Fig. 13 Wiring diagram to connect NPN proximity sensors with internal pull up resistor.
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C32 (Rev. 4) User Manual
Fig. 14 Wiring diagram to connect PNP open collector proximity sensors
Connecting PNP open collector proximity sensor with
the C32 Rev.3
Board
R Value (12V)
R Value (24V)
C32 Rev. 3
470Ω
1KΩ
Table 15. R value to Connect PNP open collector proximity sensor with the C33.
Fig. 16 Wiring diagram to do an “Auto Tool Zero”
User’s Manual
Page 22
C32 (Rev. 4) User Manual
9.0
DIMENSIONS.
All dimensions are in Millimeters.
Disclaimer:
Use caution. CNC machines could be dangerous machines. DUNCAN USA, LLC or
Arturo Duncan are not liable for any accidents resulting from the improper use of these
devices. This board is not fail-safe device, and it should not be used in life support
systems or in other devices where its failure or possible erratic operation could cause
property damage, bodily injury or loss of life.
User’s Manual
Page 23
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