Cyclades PM IPDU User guide

Cyclades PM IPDU User guide
AlterPath PM
User Guide
Version 1.0.8 Revision 6
This document contains proprietary information of Cyclades and is not to be disclosed or used except in accordance with applicable contracts or agreements.
©
Cyclades Corporation, 2003
AlterPath PM Version 1.0.8 Revision 6 User Guide
June, 2003
Copyright © Cyclades Corporation, 2003
We believe the information in this manual is accurate and reliable. However, we assume no
responsibility, financial or otherwise, for any consequences of the use of this product or manual. This manual is published by Cyclades Corporation, which reserves the right to make
improvements or changes in the products described in this manual as well as to revise this
publication at any time and without notice to any person of such revision or change. The
firmware covered in this manual is v1.0.8. All brand and product names mentioned in this
publication are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective holders.
Cyclades, Cyclom and AlterPath are either trademarks of registered trademarks of Cyclades
Corporation in the United States and in other countries. All other trademarks are the property
of their respective holders.
All rights reserved. This document may not, in whole or part, be copied, photocopied,
reproduced, translated, or converted to any electronic or machine-readable form without the
prior written consent of Cyclades Corporation, 41829 Albrae Street, Fremont, CA 94538,
USA. Telephone (510) 771-6100. Fax (510) 771-6200. www.cyclades.com.
Product Version 1.0.8 Revision 6
Document Number 1.0.8 Draft 6
Table of Contents
Preface
Purpose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Audience and User Levels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to use this Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Additional Documentation and Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Conventions and Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fonts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hypertext Links. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Glossary Entries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Quick Steps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Note Box Icons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5
5
6
6
7
7
7
7
7
8
Chapter 1 - Introduction and Overview
Introducing Cyclades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The AlterPath PM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Standalone Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Daisy-chained Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AlterPath PM plus ACS/TS Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
What’s in the box. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Input Power Cable Options for the AlterPath PM8i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Optional Outlet Cable Package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FCC Warning Statement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9
9
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
Chapter 2 - Installation, Configuration, and Usage
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pre-Install Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rack Installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting the Hardware. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Accessing the System Console . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rack-Mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Installation Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Standalone Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Daisy-Chained Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Default Configuration Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Configuration Process. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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19
19
20
20
20
22
23
26
26
26
27
27
3
Table of Contents
Configuration using CLI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Configuration using a Web Browser . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Configuration using the Text-Based Menu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Functional Overview and Command Set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
User Interface. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Emergency Reset of the Administrator Password. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Appendix A - Hardware Specs
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Circuit Breaker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Electrical Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Interface Pinouts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
4
AlterPath PM
Preface
Purpose
Preface
The purpose of this guide is to provide instruction for users to independently install,
configure, and maintain the AlterPath PM.
The AlterPath PM can be used in one of three configurations:
•
Standalone - independent of any other hardware device.
•
With a Cyclades-TS or AlterPath ACS.
•
With any other console/terminal management device.
When used with the ACS/TS family, the AlterPath PM will yield a superior feature set. With
this usage, the configuration will be different and the ACS/TS manual should be referenced
for the setup.
Audience and User Levels
This guide is intended for the user who is responsible for the deployment and day-to-day
operation and maintenance of the AlterPath PM. It assumes that the reader understands networking basics and is familiar with the terms and concepts used in Local and Wide Area Networking. Each configuration task will be separated into a section (a clickable link on the PDF
file) for each user type.
User Guide
5
Preface
How to use this Guide
This guide is organized into the following sections:
•
Chapter 1 - Introduction and Overview contains an explanation of the product and its
default setup. It also includes safety guidelines to be followed.
•
Chapter 2 - Installation, Configuration, and Usage explains how the AlterPath PM should
be connected. It describes the basic configuration process to get the AlterPath PM up and
running for its most common uses.
•
Appendix A - Hardware Specs gives a product overview, circuit breaker trip times, and
electrical specifications for the AlterPath PM.
Additional Documentation and Help
There are other Cyclades documents that contain background information about Console
Port Management and the Cyclades product line. These are:
•
AlterPath Console Server User Guide
•
Cyclades-TS User Guide
•
Cyclades’ Console Management in the Data Center
•
Cyclades’ Product Catalog
For the most updated version of Cyclades’ documentation, use the following Web address:
http://www.cyclades.com/support/downloads.php
6
AlterPath PM
Preface
Conventions and Symbols
This section explains the significance of each of the various fonts, formatting, and icons that
appear throughout this guide.
Fonts
This guide uses a regular text font for most of the body text and Courier for data that you
would input, such as a command line instruction, or data that you would receive back, such
as an error message. An example of this would be:
telnet 200.200.200.1 7001
Hypertext Links
References to another section of this manual are hypertext links that are underlined (and are
also blue in the PDF version of the manual). When you click on them in the PDF version of
the manual, you will be taken to that section.
Glossary Entries
Terms that can be found in the glossary are underlined and slightly larger than the rest of
the text. These terms have a hypertext link to the glossary.
Quick Steps
Step-by-step instructions for installing and configuring the AlterPath PM are numbered with a
summarized description of the step for quick reference. Underneath the quick step is a more
detailed description. Steps are numbered 1, 2, 3, etc. Additionally, if there are sub-steps to a
step, they are indicated as Step A, B, C, and are nested within the Step 1, 2, 3, etc. For example:
Step 1: Modify files.
You will modify four Linux files to let the AlterPath PM know about its local
environment.
Step A:
User Guide
Modify pslave.conf.
Open the file plsave.conf and add the following lines . . .
7
Preface
Note Box Icons
Note boxes contain instructional or cautionary information that the reader especially needs
to bear in mind. There are five levels of note box icons:
Tip. An informational tip or tool that
explains and/or expedites the use of
the AlterPath PM.
Important! An important tip that
should be read. Review all of these
notes for critical information.
Warning! A very important type of
tip or warning. Do not ignore this
information.
DANGER! Indicates a direct danger
which, if not avoided, may result in
personal injury or damage to the system.
Security Issue. Indicates securityrelated information where it is relevant.
8
AlterPath PM
Introduction and Overview
Introducing Cyclades
Chapter 1 - Introduction and Overview
Cyclades is a data center fault management company that enables remote management of
servers, network equipment, and automation devices. Its products help data center managers
at enterprise, telecommunication, and Internet companies to maximize network and server
availability. This results in decreased maintenance costs, increased efficiency and
productivity, along with greater control, freedom, and peace of mind. Cyclades' advantage is
providing scalable products leveraging Linux technology for flexibility and ease of customization.
The AlterPath PM
The AlterPath PM is an Intelligent Power Distribution Unit (IPDU) that enables remote power
control of servers and network gear. When used in conjunction with Cyclades console servers, the AlterPath PM delivers easier management capabilities and faster problem solving by
integrating console access and power control into one single interface.
IT professionals can power off, power on, and reboot network devices using the same console management session from any location via telnet, Secure Shell (SSHv2) or through a
secure Web session, which significantly streamlines the process. This can all be done without
the need for physical access to the hardware.
The AlterPath PM delivers accurate, real-time global current monitoring of all connected
devices via the user interface screen or locally through an LED digital display. Users have the
ability to set a current alarm threshold that, once exceeded, will have the AlterPath PM sound
an alarm or send a notification message, or both.
It also incorporates a sequential power-up feature that prevents all power outlet receptacles
from turning on at once, eliminating the potential of current surges that could render the
equipment inoperable. Together with the global current monitoring, the sequential power-up
feature lets users safely install more equipment on existing power circuits without the worry
of current overloads.
The IPDU has a fixed number of power-outlet receptacles, but with daisy-chaining capabilities, users can increase capacity by connecting the control interfaces of several AlterPath PMs
in a series.
User Guide
9
Introduction and Overview
The AlterPath PM allows one administrator and up to eight users (not simultaneously) to connect to it through its RS-232 serial port. After a successful authentication it performs the following functions:
•
Reads and displays the total current being used by the entire AlterPath PM.
•
Manages power outlets (by powering them on and off, locking and unlocking them, and/
or power cycling them).
•
Manages users.
•
Monitors power variables.
•
Can be used as a stand-alone IPDU (independent of any other hardware) and controlled
by any simple terminal access program like Minicom on Linux or HyperTerminal on
Microsoft operating systems.
•
Ethernet connection is available through the Cyclades-TS or AlterPath ACS to which the
AlterPath PM is connected. When used with the ACS/TS family, the AlterPath PM
allows you, via a configurable hotkey, to reboot servers without leaving your telnet/ssh
session. To do so, all you need to do is to press the hotkey and select a power management option from the displayed menu.
•
When used with the ACS/TS family, the AlterPath PM inherits the security of the console
server to which it is connected.
10
AlterPath PM
Introduction and Overview
Standalone Configuration
In this configuration, the console port of the AlterPath PM is connected to a computer running HyperTerminal or Minicom. In this example, the AlterPath PM operates independently of
any other hardware such as the TS/ACS.
Figure 1: Standalone Configuration
User Guide
11
Introduction and Overview
Daisy-chained Configuration
This example shows three AlterPath PMs operating in a daisy-chained environment. They are
configured to be used independently from any other hardware such as the AlterPath ACS or
Cyclades-TS. The connections between the first PM and the computer with HyperTerminal/
Minicom will be the same as in Figure #1.
Figure 2: Daisy-chained Configuration
12
AlterPath PM
Introduction and Overview
AlterPath PM plus ACS/TS Configuration
In this configuration, the AlterPath PM is configured to work in conjunction with the AlterPath ACS/Cyclades-TS. A user connects to the AlterPath PM by accessing the appropriate console port of the TS/ACS. The setup/configuration for the ACS/TS can be found in the AlterPath
Console Server User Guide and the Cyclades-TS User Guide respectively. No software configuration is needed on the AlterPath PM itself in this setup.
Figure 3: The AlterPath PM with an ACS or TS
If you want to daisy-chain with the AlterPath ACS or Cyclades-TS, the chain setup is similar to
the Daisy-chained Configuration, with the difference that the first AlterPath PM is connected
to the TS/ACS (instead of the workstation).
User Guide
13
Introduction and Overview
What’s in the box
The AlterPath PM comes with one adapter and one RJ-45 cable. The RJ-45 cable connects to
Cyclades Console Servers, to another AlterPath PM in a daisy-chain solution, or to a PC (in this
case, along with an adapter). The RJ-45 - DB-9F adapter is used along with the RJ-45 cable to
connect to a PC’s COM port.
PM
Manual
RJ-45 cable
RJ-45 to DB-9 F
adapter
RJ-45 loopback connector
Figure 4: The AlterPath PM8, its cables, connectors and other box contents
14
AlterPath PM
Introduction and Overview
PM
RJ-45 cable
Manual
RJ-45 to DB-9 F
adapter
RJ-45 loopback connector
Figure 5: The AlterPath PM8i, its cables, connectors and other box contents
Depending on your site’s location, the input power cables included in the box will vary. Following are the various cables listed with their corresponding countries.
Input Power Cable Options for the AlterPath PM8i
•
CAB0089: 8.2ft 3-pin power cable for the US.
•
CAB0055: 8.2ft. 3-pin power cable for Australia & New Zealand.
•
CAB0087: 8.2ft. 3-pin power cable for Continental Europe.
•
CAB0088: 8.2ft. 3-pin power cable for the UK & Ireland.
User Guide
15
Introduction and Overview
CAB0089 US Power Cord
CAB0087 Continental Europe
Power Cord
CAB0055 Australia/New
Zealand Power Cord
Input Power Cable and Harness
CAB0088 UK & Ireland Power Cord
Output Power Cable and Harness
Figure 6: Input Power Cables for the AlterPath PM8i
Optional Outlet Cable Package
8-outlet cables (C13 male to C14 female) with retaining clips (ACS0040). See above figure.
16
AlterPath PM
Introduction and Overview
Safety Instructions
Read all the following safety guidelines to protect yourself and your AlterPath PM.
DANGER! All outlets of the AlterPath PM output high voltage. Necessary
precautions should be taken.
DANGER! To help prevent electric shock, plug the AlterPath PM into a properly
grounded power source. The cable is equipped with a three-prong plug to help
ensure proper grounding. Do not use adapter plugs or remove the grounding
prong from the cable. If you have to use an extension cable, use a three-wire
cable with properly grounded plugs.
Important! To help protect the AlterPath PM from electrical power
fluctuations, use a surge suppressor, line conditioner, or uninterruptible
power supply.
Important! Be sure that nothing rests on the cables of the AlterPath PM and
that they are not located where they can be stepped on or tripped over.
Important! Do not spill food or liquids on the AlterPath PM. If it gets wet,
disconnect the power immediately and contact Cyclades.
User Guide
17
Introduction and Overview
DANGER! Do not push any objects through the openings of the AlterPath PM.
Doing so can cause fire or electric shock by shorting out interior components.
Important! Keep your AlterPath PM away from heat sources.
DANGER! There is a possibility of live feed for either Line or Neutral even if one
of the circuit breakers is disabled.
FCC Warning Statement
The AlterPath PM has been tested and found to comply with the limits for Class A digital
devices, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable
protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial
environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if
not installed and used in accordance with the Installation & Service Manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is
likely to cause harmful interference in which case the user is required to correct the problem
at his or her own expense.
Canadian DOC Notice
The AlterPath PM does not exceed the Class A limits for radio noise emissions from digital
apparatus set out in the Radio Interference Regulations of the Canadian Department of Communications.
L’AlterPath PM n’émete pas de bruits radioélectriques dépassant les limites applicables aux
appareils numériques de la classe A prescrites dans le règlement sur le brouillage radioélectrique edicté par le Ministère des Communications du Canada.
18
AlterPath PM
Chapter 2 - Installation, Configuration, Usage
Introduction
Chapter 2 - Installation, Configuration, and Usage
This chapter will allow you to install and configure the AlterPath PM. This information refers
to the standalone and daisy-chained modes only. For information about integrated use with
the ACS/TS, please consult the AlterPath ACS User Guide or the Cyclades-TS User Guide
respectively.
This chapter is divided into the following sections:
•
Functional Overview and Command Set
•
System Requirements
•
Pre-Install Checklist
•
The Installation Process
•
Default Configuration Parameters
•
The Configuration Process
System Requirements
Cyclades recommends either of the following specifications for configuration of the
AlterPath PM:
•
Standalone, independent of any other hardware, accessed via a terminal access program
such as Minicom or HyperTerminal.
•
In conjunction with a console server such as the AlterPath ACS or Cyclades-TS.
User Guide
19
Chapter 2 - Installation, Configuration, Usage
Pre-Install Checklist
There are several things you will need to confirm prior to installing and configuring the
AlterPath PM:
1.
One or more RJ-45 - RJ-45 cables.
2.
A DB-9F adapter (if the AlterPath PM is used in standalone or daisy-chained mode only).
3.
A PC running a terminal emulation program (if the AlterPath PM is used in standalone or
daisy-chained mode only).
Rack Installation
Connecting the Hardware
This section explains how to connect the PM to equipment for initial testing. It is a three-step
process:
1.
Connect a power source to the PM.
2.
Connect the PM to an Ethernet hub or switch.
3.
Connect a device to the AlterPath PM.
Important! The suggested minimum screw size for wall-mounting the
AlterPath PM units is #6 or 1/4-inch.
The RJ-45 cable included in the AlterPath PM package is minimum flame rated
VW-1 or FT-1 and has a maximum length of 10.00656 feet (3.05 meters).
20
AlterPath PM
Chapter 2 - Installation, Configuration, Usage
Connecting the Power Cable
Connect a the AlterPath PM’s power cable to a wall outlet.
Important! The following figure shows the AlterPath PM8 mounted on a wall.
When mounting to a stud, securely mount using a #6 or larger screw or use a
drywall fastener rated min. 25 lbs. (11.34 kg).
Figure 7: Connecting the AlterPath PM to a power source
Important! Install the AlterPath PM8 in a location where there is an adjacent
and accessible wall socket outlet.
Important! The AlterPath PM8 unit must be plugged into a receptacle protected by a 20A Listed circuit breaker.
User Guide
21
Chapter 2 - Installation, Configuration, Usage
Connecting to the Serial Port
Plug one end of the RJ-45 cable into the AlterPath PM “In/Console” port. The other end of the
RJ-45 cable should be connected to either a Cyclades console server or to the RJ-45 to DB-9F
adapter shipped with the product. In the latter case, the adapter can then be connected to a
DB-9 serial port in the workstation that will control the AlterPath PM.
Console Port
or “In” Port
“Out” Port
Figure 8: Connecting an RJ-45 cable to the AlterPath PM
Accessing the System Console
There are several ways to access the AlterPath PM. These methods are dependent on whether
you are using the AlterPath PM as a standalone device, or in conjunction with the Cyclades-TS
or AlterPath Console Server.
In standalone mode, local users can connect directly to the system console port (the “In”
port) of the AlterPath PM using the console cable with the corresponding adapter.
In TS/ACS integration mode, remote users can access the AlterPath PM's control port through
one of the following interfaces:
1.
22
Menu-driven interface: after using telnet or SSH to access the console port equivalent to
the managed device on the console server, you should type the power management hotkey (CTRL+P by default) and this will bring up a power management menu on the same
screen.
AlterPath PM
Chapter 2 - Installation, Configuration, Usage
2.
Web interface: once you are logged into the Web interface of the console server, you can
access the power management functionality from the “Power Management” tab on the
Web interface.
For more details, please refer to the section called The Installation Process.
Rack-Mounting
The following considerations should be taken into account when rack-mounting the
AlterPath PM:
Temperature
The manufacturer’s maximum recommended ambient temperature for the equipment is 122 º
(50 ºC) for the 15 and 20 Amp versions of the AlterPath PM, and 122 º F (50 ºC) for the 10
Amp version.
Elevated Operating Ambient Temperature
If the AlterPath PM is installed in a closed or multi-unit rack assembly, the operating ambient
temperature of the rack environment may be greater than room ambient temperature.
Therefore, consideration should be given to installing the equipment in an environment
compatible with the manufacturer’s maximum rated ambient temperature. See above.
Reduced Air Flow
Installation of the equipment in a rack should be such that the amount of air flow required for
safe operation of the equipment is not compromised.
Mechanical Loading
Mounting of the equipment in the rack should be such that a hazardous condition is not
achieved due to uneven mechanical loading.
Circuit Overloading
Consideration should be given to the connection of the equipment to the supply circuit and
the effect that overloading of circuits might have on overcurrent protection and supply
wiring. Appropriate consideration of equipment nameplate ratings should be used when
addressing this concern.
User Guide
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Chapter 2 - Installation, Configuration, Usage
Reliable Earthing
Reliable earthing of rack-mounted equipment should be maintained. Particular attention
should be given to supply connections other than direct connections to the branch circuit,
such as power strips or extension cords.
Rack Mounting of the AlterPath PM8i
Step 1: Mount or place the AlterPath PM8i in a secure location.
Step 2: Connect the power cord to a power outlet.
Step 3: Connect your ACS/TS to the “In/Console” RJ-45 connector.
Step 4: Connect your active serial devices to the AlterPath PM’s RJ-45 serial connectors.
Step 5: Set the power switch to ON.
24
AlterPath PM
Chapter 2 - Installation, Configuration, Usage
Nodes
PM8i
AlterPath ACS or Cyclades TS
Network
Switch
Router
PBX
UPS
UNIX server
Figure 9: Rack mount for the AlterPath PM8i
User Guide
25
Chapter 2 - Installation, Configuration, Usage
The Installation Process
Following are the steps that you will need to perform to install the AlterPath PM for either the
standalone or the daisy-chained configuration. For more details and diagrams for these configurations, please refer to the section called The AlterPath PM in Chapter 1.
Standalone Configuration
Step 1: Connect the DB-9F adapter to the PC/workstation running the Terminal Emulation
Program.
Step 2: Connect one end of the RJ-45 cable to the DB-9F adapter.
Step 3: Connect the other end of the RJ-45 cable to the AlterPath PM.
Step 4: Configure the terminal access program (HyperTerminal/Minicom) with the following
parameters:
• 9600 baud
• No flow control
• 8 data bits
• 1 stop bit
Daisy-Chained Configuration
Step 1: Follow steps 1 - 4 above.
Step 2: Connect one end of the RJ-45 cable to the output port of the main AlterPath PM
(Master).
Step 3: Connect the other end of the RJ-45 cable to the console port of the secondary
(Slave).
26
AlterPath PM
Chapter 2 - Installation, Configuration, Usage
Default Configuration Parameters
The AlterPath PM’s default configuration is as follows:
1.
User admin with password pm8.
2.
Outlets 1-8 numbered as 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8 respectively.
3.
Outlets 1-8 named as NONE.
4.
Outlets 1-8 owned by user NONE.
5.
Outlets 1-8 turned on.
6.
Outlets 1-8 unlocked.
The Configuration Process
You can configure the AlterPath PM by any one of four methods:
•
CLI (Command Line Interface)
•
Browser (only available when used with TS/ACS)
•
Text-based menu (available only when used with TS/ACS)
Configuration using CLI
Step 1: Login to the AlterPath PM.
User the factory default username/password pair admin/pm8.
Step 2: Change the password for user admin.
Step 3: Create up to eight users using the adduser command.
Step 4: Assign outlets to users using the assign command.
User Guide
27
Chapter 2 - Installation, Configuration, Usage
Step 5: (Optional) Name the outlets using the name command.
Step 6: Save the configuration using the save command.
Configuration using a Web Browser
Refer to the AlterPath Console Server User Guide for the ACS or the Cyclades-TS User Guide.
Configuration using the Text-Based Menu
Refer to the AlterPath Console Server User Guide for the ACS or the Cyclades-TS User Guide.
Functional Overview and Command Set
User Interface
When you power on or exit the AlterPath PM, the following login prompt is displayed:
AlterPath PM
(c) 2002-2003 Cyclades Corporation
V 1.0.8 April 24, 2003
[ALTERPATH PM]: Number of IPDUs: 1
[ALTERPATH PM]: Number of Outlets: 8
Username:
When the unit is first powered on, the only existing user is the administrator with username
admin. Therefore, the user would have to type in:
admin<cr>
The following string would then be presented:
Password:
Type in the password ‘pm8’ (factory default), and a command prompt will be shown.
pm>
28
AlterPath PM
Chapter 2 - Installation, Configuration, Usage
After logging in, the administrator can choose to change his or her password through the
passwd command (seen later). Passwords can be set to null (i.e., no password).
Some commands allow specifying the outlet number (e.g. 5), outlet name (e.g. sunfire), or
group of outlets (e.g. 1, 3-5). For any case, the reference to <outlet> will be used throughout
this document. To know all the commands supported by the PM, the administrator would
need to type in help (seen later).
Commands
All commands are available to the administrator, and some commands are available to regular
users. Unless otherwise noted, the commands below are available to any system user.
Commands implemented in the current version areas follows: adduser, alarm, assign,
buzzer, current, cycle, deluser, exit, factory_defaults, help, list, lock, name, off, on, passwd,
reboot, restore, save, status, syslog, unassign, unlock, ver, and whoami.
The detailed functional description for each of these commands is shown below.
Adduser
Adds one username to the internal database. A maximum of eight characters (not case sensitive) is allowed, and a maximum of eight individual users is allowed. This command is available to the administrative user only. For example, to add the user popper:
pm>adduser popper
Password:
Username/password set for user popper.
pm>
Alarm <IPDU#> <threshold>
Sets the alarm threshold to the value threshold. Sounds a buzzer alarm if the current value in
the IPDU surpasses the threshold value for the given IPDU.
pm>alarm 2 3.0
Alarm Threshold (2)=3.0 Amperes
pm>
User Guide
29
Chapter 2 - Installation, Configuration, Usage
Assign
Assigns one outlet or group of outlets to a given user. This command is available to the administrator user only. For example, to assign outlet 2 to user russel:
pm>assign 2 russel
Outlet 2 assigned to russel.
pm>
Buzzer on|off
Turns on/off the buzzer.
pm>buzzer off
Buzzer turned off.
pm>
Current
Gets the true RMS current for the entire IPDU. For example, to get the current for outlet #1:
pm>current 1
True RMS current on IPDU #1: 2.4 amp(s)
pm>
Cycle
Power cycles an outlet or group of outlets (turns them off and back on). There’s an interval of
five seconds to turn the outlet back ON. If there are more than one outlet to be rebooted,
there will be an interval of 1 second between outlet reboots. For example, to power cycle
outlet 8:
pm>cycle 8
8: Outlet power cycled.
To power cycle outlet 1:
pm>cycle 1
1: Outlet power cycled.
pm>
30
AlterPath PM
Chapter 2 - Installation, Configuration, Usage
Deluser
Deletes one username from the internal database. A maximum of eight characters (not case
sensitive) is allowed, and a maximum of eight individual users allowed. This command is
available to the administrative user only. For example, to delete the user new:
pm>deluser new
new: Username deleted.
pm>
Exit
Exits the session. For example, to exit the current session:
pm>exit
AlterPath PM
Copyright (c) 2002-2003 Cyclades Corporation
V 1.0.8 April 24, 2003
Username:
Factory_defaults
Resets the configuration to factory defaults. Example:
pm>factory_defaults
Setting configuration to defaults on IPDU #1
1: Outlet turned on.
2: Outlet turned on.
3: Outlet turned on.
4: Outlet turned on.
5: Outlet turned on.
6: Outlet turned on.
7: Outlet turned on.
8: Outlet turned on.
Saving configuration to flash on IPDU #1 ... done.
pm>
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31
Chapter 2 - Installation, Configuration, Usage
Help
Shows the commands supported for that user. For the Admin user, the following would
appear on the screen after typing in help at the command prompt:
pm>help
Syntax of available commands:
help
- Show supported commands
on <outStr>
- Turn <outStr> ON
off <outStr>
- Turn <outStr> OFF
cycle <outStr>
- Turn <outStr> OFF and back ON
lock <outStr>
- Lock the current status of <outStr>
unlock <outStr>
- Unlock the current status of <outStr>
status <outStr>
- Show the current status of <outStr>
list
- List users created
exit
- Exit session
passwd
- Change the password for the current user
current
- Show the instantaneous current consumption
whoami
- Show the username currently logged in
ver
- Show the HW and SW version of the unit(s)
alarm <ipdu#> <threshold> - Set alarm threshold for current on <ipdu#>
reboot <ipdu#>
- Reboot the system
syslog <on|off>
- Turn syslog on or off
buzzer <on|off>
- Turn buzzer on or off
save
- Save configuration to flash
restore
- Read configuration from flash
factory_defaults
- Reset configuration
adduser <username>
- Add user to system (8 users allowed)
deluser <username>
- Delete user from system
assign <outStr> <username> - Assign <outStr> to a specific user
unassign <outStr> <username> - Unassign <outStr> from a specific user
name <outlet> <name>
- Give a name an outlet
pm>
32
AlterPath PM
Chapter 2 - Installation, Configuration, Usage
Note: <outStr> is a string representing one or more outlets. This string can be:
•One single outlet:
Examples: on 3 (turn on outlet 3);
off router (turn off the outlet called router).
•A group of outlets:
Examples: status 1,3,5 (get status of outlets 1, 3 and 5);
cycle 2-7 (cycle the outlets 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7)
lock 2,5-7 (lock the outlets 2, 5, 6 and 7).
pm>
The regular user would see the following:
pm>help
Syntax of available commands:
help
on <outStr>
off <outStr>
cycle <outStr>
lock <outStr>
unlock <outStr>
status <outStr>
list
exit
passwd
current
whoami
ver
-
Show supported commands
Turn <outStr> ON
Turn <outStr> OFF
Turn <outStr> OFF and back ON
Lock the current status of <outStr>
Unlock the current status of <outStr>
Show the current status of <outStr>
List users created
Exit session
Change the password for the current user
Show the instantaneous current consumption
Show the username currently logged in
Show the HW and SW version of the unit(s)
pm>
User Guide
33
Chapter 2 - Installation, Configuration, Usage
List
List users created and outlets assigned to each user (for the administrator), or just the outlets
assigned to the user logged in at the moment (for the regular user). For example, for the
Admin to list user names in the internal database:
pm>list
------------------------------------------------------User
Outlets
------------------------------------------------------kant
1,5
diderot
2,6
russel
3,7
tao
4,8
------------------------------------------------------pm>
For a regular user to list the usernames in the internal database:
pm>list
------------------------------------------------------User
Outlets
------------------------------------------------------kant
1,5
------------------------------------------------------pm>
Lock
Locks an outlet or group of outlets in the current state. The response to this command is a list
of status lines, one per power port. For example, to lock outlets 1, 2, and 6:
pm>lock 2,6,1
2: Outlet locked.
6: Outlet locked.
1: Outlet locked.
34
AlterPath PM
Chapter 2 - Installation, Configuration, Usage
Name
Names an outlet. A maximum of eight characters (not case sensitive) is allowed. This command is available to the administrator user only. For example, to name outlet 4 as nowhere:
pm>name 4 nowhere
4: Outlet now named nowhere
pm>
Off
Turns an outlet or group of outlets off. For example, to turn all outlets off:
pm>off all
1: Outlet turned off.
2: Outlet turned off.
3: Outlet turned off.
4: Outlet turned off.
5: Outlet turned off.
6: Outlet turned off.
7: Outlet turned off.
8: Outlet turned off.
To turn off all outlets but 1 and 8:
pm>off 2-7
2: Outlet turned
3: Outlet turned
4: Outlet turned
5: Outlet turned
6: Outlet turned
7: Outlet turned
User Guide
off.
off.
off.
off.
off.
off.
35
Chapter 2 - Installation, Configuration, Usage
On
Turns an outlet or group of outlets on. If more than one outlet is to be powered ON there is
an interval of one second between outlets being powered on. For example, to turn on all outlets but #7:
pm>on 1,2,3-6,8
1: Outlet turned
2: Outlet turned
3: Outlet turned
4: Outlet turned
5: Outlet turned
6: Outlet turned
8: Outlet turned
on.
on.
on.
on.
on.
on.
on.
To turn on all outlets but #8:
pm>on 1,2-7
1: Outlet turned
2: Outlet turned
3: Outlet turned
4: Outlet turned
5: Outlet turned
6: Outlet turned
7: Outlet turned
on.
on.
on.
on.
on.
on.
on.
Passwd
Sets a password. The Administrator has a default password (pm8), which can be changed. A
maximum of eight characters (not case sensitive) is allowed. Regular users can change or set
only their own password. The Administrator can change his or her own password or any regular user’s password. For example, to set the password for users admin and new, the administrator would type in:
pm>passwd admin
Password:
Username/password set for user admin.
pm>passwd new
Password:
Username/password set for user new.
pm>
36
AlterPath PM
Chapter 2 - Installation, Configuration, Usage
Reboot
Reboots the IPDU.
pm>reboot
Starting AlterPath PM
Retrieving configuration
1:
2:
3:
4:
5:
6:
7:
8:
Outlet
Outlet
Outlet
Outlet
Outlet
Outlet
Outlet
Outlet
turned
turned
turned
turned
turned
turned
turned
turned
on.
off.
on.
on.
on.
on.
on.
on.
AlterPath PM
Copyright (c) 2002-2003 Cyclades Corporation
V 1.0.8 April 24, 2003
[ALTERPATH PM]: Number of IPDUs: 1
[ALTERPATH PM]: Number of Outlets: 8
Username:
Restore
Restores the configuration currently save in flash. Example:
pm>restore
1: Outlet turned
2: Outlet turned
3: Outlet turned
4: Outlet turned
5: Outlet turned
6: Outlet turned
7: Outlet turned
8: Outlet turned
pm>
User Guide
on.
on.
on.
on.
on.
on.
on.
on.
37
Chapter 2 - Installation, Configuration, Usage
Save
Saves the current running configuration. Example:
pm>save
Saving configuration files to flash...done.
pm>exit
An error message will be displayed if there is an error while writing the configuration to
flash. The save command saves the username/password database and the specific information
pertaining to each outlet such as outlet number, outlet name, outlet owner, state (on/off) of
the outlet, whether the outlet is locked or unlocked, etc. Upon next reboot or login the AlterPath PM retrieves the saved configuration and initializes the outlets according to the saved
configuration.
Status
Gets the status of an outlet or group of outlets, and provides information about the outlet
names. For example, to get the status of outlets 1 through 8 when none of the outlets are
locked:
pm>status all
Outlet
Name
Status
Users
1
germany
Unlocked ON
kant
2
france
Unlocked OFF
diderot
3
britain
Unlocked ON
russel
4
china
Unlocked ON
tao
5
Unlocked ON
kant
6
Unlocked ON
diderot
7
Unlocked ON
russel
8
Unlocked ON
tao
pm>
38
AlterPath PM
Chapter 2 - Installation, Configuration, Usage
To get the status of outlets 1 through 8 when some of the outlets are locked:
pm>status all
Outlet
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
pm>
Name
germany
france
britain
china
Status
Locked ON
Locked OFF
Unlocked ON
Unlocked ON
Unlocked ON
Locked ON
Unlocked ON
Unlocked ON
Users
kant
diderot
russel
tao
kant
diderot
russel
tao
Syslog on|off
Turns on/off syslog messages to the console.
pm>syslog on
Syslog turned on.
pm>
Unassign
Removes the assignment of an outlet or group of outlets from a given user. This command is
available to the administrator user only. For example, to unassign outlet 2 and 4 from user
diderot:
pm>unassign 2,4 diderot
2: Outlet no longer assigned to diderot.
4: Outlet no longer assigned to diderot.
pm>
User Guide
39
Chapter 2 - Installation, Configuration, Usage
Unlock
Unlocks an outlet or group of outlets in the current state. The response to this command is a
list of status lines, one per power port. For example, to unlock outlets 2, 3, and 8:
pm>unlock
2: Outlet
3: Outlet
8: Outlet
2,3,8
unlocked.
unlocked.
unlocked.
Ver
Shows the current software version. Example:
pm>ver
IPDU 1 Hw with 8 outlets 15 AMPs max Sw V 1.0.8 April 24, 2003
pm>
Whoami
Shows who is the user currently logged in. Example with the admin user logged in:
pm>whoami
admin
pm>
40
AlterPath PM
Chapter 2 - Installation, Configuration, Usage
Emergency Reset of the Administrator Password
In the event the administrator wants to reset the password for the AlterPath PM (e.g. he/she
forgot the password), then the procedure below should be followed:
Step 1: Log out of the AlterPath PM.
If you are currently logged into the AlterPath PM (as any user, regular or
administrator), log out by issuing the following command:
exit
Step 2: Attach loopback connector.
Connect the loopback connector shipped with the product to the OUT port of the
AlterPath PM. If necessary, disconnect any cables connected to the OUT port of the
AlterPath PM to allow for the connection of the loopback.
Step 3: Wait for one minute, then check the display.
Wait for one minute. If you are watching the AlterPath PM's console output (using
HyperTerminal or Minicom), messages like the ones shown below will be displayed:
[ALTERPATH PM]: DCD went ON on output port of IPDU #1
[ALTERPATH PM]: Trying to detect loopback cable on OUT port
of ipdu #1
[ALTERPATH PM]: Loopback detected. Changing administrator
password to default.
[ALTERPATH PM]: Please remove the loopback cable now.
Step 4: Remove the loopback connector.
After one minute, you can remove the loopback connector from the OUT port of the
AlterPath PM. Now the password for the user admin will be reset to the default
(pm8), and you should be able to log into the AlterPath PM using this username/
password.
User Guide
41
Chapter 2 - Installation, Configuration, Usage
Step 5: Change the password for the admin if desired.
If you wish, log into the AlterPath PM and change the password for the admin user
by issuing the following command:
passwd
Note: If you need to recover the password of many AlterPath PMs connected in
a daisy-chain configuration, the above procedure needs to be executed on each
AlterPath PM in the chain.
42
AlterPath PM
Appendix A - Hardware Specs
Introduction
Appendix A - Hardware Specs
Major features of the AlterPath PM8 are listed below:
•
One 125VAC/15A power plug (NEMA 5-15P) or
•
One 125VAC/20A power plug (NEMA 5-20P) or
•
One 125VAC/20A power plug (NEMA L5-20P)
•
Eight 125VAC/15A power receptacles (NEMA 5-15R)
•
128 KB flash memory
•
8 KB RAM
•
Two RJ-45 RS-232 interfaces
•
125VAC/20A circuit breaker with “press to reset” function
•
Vertical mounting (“zero U”)
•
2-digit 7-segment display monitoring Global current
•
LED monitoring ON/OFF for each port
•
Audible over current alarm
•
8-bit Microcontroller-equipped
Major features of the AlterPath PM8i are listed below:
•
One 250VAC/8A power plug (IEC320-C14)
•
Eight 250VAC/8A power receptacle (IEC320-C14)
•
128 KB flash memory
•
8 KB RAM
•
Two RJ-45 RS-232 interfaces
•
250VAC/10A supplementary protector with “press to reset” function
•
Vertical (zero U) & Horizontal (1.5 U) mounting
User Guide
43
Appendix A - Hardware Specs
•
2-digit 7-segment display monitoring global current
•
LED monitoring ON/OFF for each port
•
Audible over current alarm
•
8-bit Microcontroller-equipped
Circuit Breaker
The AlterPath PM uses a 20 Amp (PM8-20A and PM8-L20A), 15 Amp (PM8-15A), and 10 Amp
(PM8i) circuit breaker. The following table shows the circuit breaker trip time for all PM models. (“i” stands for IEC connector.)
Table 1: Circuit Breaker Trip Time
44
Current Load
Trip Time
100%
No Trip
150%
Trip in 1 hour
200%
4 - 40 seconds
300%
1.2 to 12 seconds
400%
0.5 to 5.5 seconds
500%
0.4 to 3.5 seconds
600%
0.3 to 2.5 seconds
AlterPath PM
Appendix A - Hardware Specs
Electrical Specifications
The following tables illustrate the AlterPath PM’s electrical specifications:
Table 2: AlterPath PM8 Electrical Specifications - 15 Amp version
Characteristics
Specifications
Input Voltage
100 - 120 VAC
Max Output Current Total
12A
Max Output Current Each Outlet
12A
Operating Temperature
32 - 122 º F (0 - 50 ºC)
Relative Humidity
5% to 95%, non-condensing
Weight
6.1 lbs (2.8 kg)
Physical Dimensions (W x D x H)
39.6 x 1.7 x 2.2 in (100.6 x 4.3 x 5.6 cm)
Table 3: AlterPath PM8 Electrical Specifications - 20 Amp version
Characteristics
Specifications
Input Voltage
100 - 120 VAC
Max Output Current Total
16A
Max Output Current Each Outlet
16A
Operating Temperature
32 - 122 º F (0 - 50 ºC)
Relative Humidity
5% to 95%, non-condensing
Weight
6.1 lbs (2.8 kg)
Physical Dimensions (W x D x H)
39.6 x 1.7 x 2.2 in (100.6 x 4.3 x 5.6 cm)
User Guide
45
Appendix A - Hardware Specs
Table 4: AlterPath PM8i Electrical Specifications - 10 Amp version
Characteristics
Specifications
Input Voltage
200 - 240 VAC
Max Output Current Total
8A
Max Output Current Each Outlet
8A
Operating Temperature
50 - 122 º F (10 - 50 ºC)
Relative Humidity
5% to 95%, non-condensing
Weight
5 lbs (2.3 kg)
Physical Dimensions (W x D x H)
17 x 3.7 x 2.63 in (43.2 x 9.4 x 6.7 cm)
46
AlterPath PM
Appendix A - Hardware Specs
Interface Pinouts
The following table illustrates the AlterPath PM's pinouts for the IN and OUT RS-232 serial
ports (RJ-45F connectors).
Table 5: Pinouts for IN and OUT RS-232 serial ports
Signal
Name/Function
I/O
IN Pin
OUT Pin
RTS
Request to Send
(O)
5
1
DTR
Data Terminal Ready
(O)
7
2
TxD
Transmit Data
(O)
6
3
Gnd
Signal Ground
4
4
CTS
Clear To Send
(I)
1
5
RxD
Receive Data
(I)
3
6
DCD
Data Carrier Detect
(I)
2
7
DSR
Data Set Ready
(I)
8
8
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47
Appendix A - Hardware Specs
This page has been left intentionally blank.
48
AlterPath PM
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