- NavCom Technology Inc.

- NavCom Technology Inc.
LAND-PAK™
User Guide
NavCom Technology, Inc.
20780 Madrona Avenue
Torrance, California 90503 USA
Tel: +1 310.381.2000
Fax: +1 310.381.2001
[email protected]
www.navcomtech.com
P/N: 96-310030-3001
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Table of Contents
List of Figures .........................................................iv
List of Tables ........................................................viii
Notices
..........................................................ix
Copyright ................................................................... ix
Trademarks ............................................................... ix
FCC Notice .................................................................x
User Notice.................................................................x
Limited Warranty ....................................................... xi
StarFire™ Licensing ................................................. xii
USG FAR.................................................................. xii
Global Positioning System ....................................... xii
Revision History....................................................xiv
Use of this Document ............................................xv
Related Documents ......................................................xv
StarUtil User Guide................................................... xv
Technical Reference Manual................................... xvi
RINEXUtil User Guide ............................................. xvi
Integrators Toolkit.................................................... xvi
NavCom Release Notes.......................................... xvi
Related Standards ...................................................... xvii
ICD-GPS-200 ......................................................... xvii
RTCM-SC-104........................................................ xvii
CMR, CMR+ ........................................................... xvii
NMEA-0183 ............................................................ xvii
Publicly-Operated SBAS Signals ........................... xvii
RTCA/DO-229D ................................................. xvii
WAAS (Wide Area Augmentation System) ........xviii
EGNOS (European Geostationary Navigation
Overlay Service).................................................xviii
MSAS (MTSAT Satellite-based Augmentation
System) ..............................................................xviii
GAGAN (GPS Aided Geo Augmented
Navigation) .........................................................xviii
Chapter 1
Introduction ....................................19
Unique Features .......................................................... 19
Typical Applications ..................................................... 21
System Description...................................................... 21
NavCom SF-2040 GPS Sensors..............................21
Base Station and Rover Radio Modems ..................23
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Explorer 600+ Data Collector ...................................25
SurvCE Software......................................................27
TruBlu™ Module ......................................................29
Office Software.........................................................30
The LAND-PAK Interfacing.......................................... 31
The LAND-PAK Configurations ................................... 31
The LAND-PAK LM ..................................................31
The LAND-PAK 869 .................................................32
Chapter 2
Inventory Check ............................. 35
Base Station Inventory .............................................36
Rover Inventory ........................................................39
Office Supplies Inventory .........................................42
Chapter 3
Battery Charging............................ 45
SF-2040 GPS Sensor Battery Packs........................... 45
3ASd Epic Radio Modem Bag Battery......................... 49
3ASd and 3ASd 869 Radio Modem Battery ................ 51
Carlson Explorer 600+ Battery Pack ........................... 54
Chapter 4
Function Test Setup ...................... 59
Radio Modem Configuration ........................................ 60
Soft Keys ..................................................................61
Operating Modes......................................................62
Configuration ............................................................63
RF Frequency Configuration ....................................64
RF Power Output......................................................66
Signal Threshold ......................................................68
Addressing Settings .................................................69
Serial Port Settings...................................................69
Handshaking ............................................................71
Additional..................................................................71
Base Station Test Setup .............................................. 74
Rover Test Setup......................................................... 83
Chapter 5
SurvCE Software Operation.......... 89
Overview...................................................................... 89
File Types .................................................................89
File Management......................................................90
SurvCE Window Icons..............................................90
Getting Started............................................................. 91
Create A New Job ....................................................91
Job Settings..............................................................93
GPS Base Setup ......................................................99
Assign a Base Position...........................................105
Verify GPS Base Setup ..........................................107
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Static Data Collection .............................................107
GPS Rover Setup ...................................................108
Verify GPS Rover Setup.........................................113
GPS Utilities ...........................................................114
Monitor/Skyplot.......................................................116
Configure ................................................................119
Tolerances..............................................................122
Survey Menu (Measuring Point Positions) .............123
Store Points ............................................................125
Additional SurvCE Options ........................................ 126
Localization.............................................................126
Stake Points ...........................................................129
Points......................................................................132
Feature Code List ...................................................133
COGO Menu...........................................................133
Chapter 6
Data Transfer ................................135
Installation.................................................................. 135
Introduction ................................................................ 136
Exercises ................................................................... 137
Menus & Commands ................................................. 144
Add Menu ...............................................................144
Process (Compute Points) Menu ...........................146
Chapter 7
Equipment Maintenance ..............151
Transport ................................................................151
Maintenance ...........................................................151
Battery Disposal .....................................................151
Safety First .............................................................152
A The LAND-PAK 869 Inventory Check ............153
Base Station Inventory ...........................................154
Rover Inventory ......................................................157
Office Supplies Inventory .......................................160
B Additional Base Position Options..................163
From New Position Tab ............................................. 163
From Known Position Tab ......................................... 165
C TruBlu Configuration ......................................167
D Static Data Collection......................................171
Collect Static Data ..................................................... 171
Download Static Data File ......................................... 173
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
List of Figures
Figure 1: SF-2040, Viewed From Bottom ................ 22
Figure 2: Radio Modem LED Indicators .................. 23
Figure 3: Carlson Explorer 600+ User Interface ...... 26
Figure 4: The LAND-PAK Interfacing ...................... 31
Figure 5a: Base Transit Case Supplied Equipment. 36
Figure 5b: Base Transit Case Supplied Equipment. 37
Figure 6: Base Bag Supplied Equipment................. 38
Figure 7a: Rover Transit Case Supplied Equipment 39
Figure 7b: Rover Transit Case Supplied Equipment 40
Figure 8: Rover Bag Supplied Equipment ............... 41
Figure 9: Office Supplies Transit Case.................... 42
Figure 10: Battery Locking Clips.............................. 47
Figure 11: NavCom Base Cable.............................. 50
Figure 12: AC/DC Adapter Input Plug ..................... 55
Figure 13: Battery Charger/Charging Cable ............ 55
Figure 14: Explorer 600+ Charger Connection........ 56
Figure 15: CHG LED ............................................... 56
Figure 16: Radio Modem Soft Keys......................... 61
Figure 17: LCD Display – Data Transfer Mode ....... 62
Figure 18: LCD Display – Programming Mode........ 62
Figure 19: Data Transfer Mode ............................... 64
Figure 20: Active Channel ....................................... 65
Figure 21: Next Digit................................................ 65
Figure 22: Set Frequency ........................................ 66
Figure 23: Main Menu – Radio Settings .................. 67
Figure 24: TX level option........................................ 67
Figure 25: RF Power Output Settings...................... 67
Figure 26: Main Menu – Radio Settings .................. 68
Figure 27: Sig. Threshold option ............................. 68
Figure 28: Main Menu – Port 1 Setting.................... 69
Figure 29: Baud Rate Setting .................................. 70
Figure 30: Baud Rate Setting Change..................... 70
Figure 31: Main Menu – Additional Setting.............. 72
Figure 32: Error Correction and Error Checking...... 72
Figure 33: SL-Commands and Priority .................... 73
Figure 34: Save Changes........................................ 73
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Figure 35: Base Station Tripod – Leg Adjustments .75
Figure 36: Base Station Tripod ................................75
Figure 37: Mounting Tribrach & Tribrach Adapter....76
Figure 38: Mounting the Radio Antenna Bracket .....77
Figure 39: Mounting the Antenna and Cable ...........78
Figure 40: Avoiding Radiation Hazard .....................79
Figure 41: Mounting the Radio and Bag Battery......80
Figure 42: Mounting Cable to the Radio Modem .....81
Figure 43: Mounting Base SF-2040 .........................81
Figure 44: NavCom Base Cable Connections .........82
Figure 45: Mounting the Rover Pole to the Bipod ....84
Figure 46: Rover Pole and Bipod.............................84
Figure 47: Mounting the Carlson Explorer 600+ ......85
Figure 48: Mounting Radio Modem..........................86
Figure 49: NavCom Rover Cable Connections........87
Figure 50: Rover Pole Knob and Locking Pin ..........88
Figure 51: Coiled Serial Cable .................................91
Figure 52: Desktop with SurvCE Icon ......................91
Figure 53: SurvCE Job Selection Box......................92
Figure 54: Coordinate Files Window........................92
Figure 55: File Menu – Job Settings ........................93
Figure 56: Job Settings Submenu – New Job Tab ..94
Figure 57: Job Settings Submenu – System Tab ....94
Figure 58: Coordinate Projection Window ...............95
Figure 59: Job Settings Submenu – Format Tab .....96
Figure 60: Job Settings Submenu – Options Tab ....97
Figure 61: Job Settings Submenu – Stake Tab .......98
Figure 62: Equip Menu – GPS Base........................99
Figure 63: GPS Base Submenu – Current Tab .....100
Figure 64: GPS Base Submenu – Comms Tab .....100
Figure 65: GPS Base Submenu – Receiver Tab ...101
Figure 66: USER Antenna Type ............................102
Figure 67: GPS Base Submenu – RTK Tab ..........103
Figure 68: Configure Satel Radio Window.............104
Figure 69: From New Position Options ..................105
Figure 70: Average GPS Window ..........................105
Figure 71: Base Configuration Window .................106
Figure 72: Equip Menu – GPS Rover ....................108
Figure 73: GPS Rover Submenu – Current Tab ....109
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Figure 74: GPS Rover Submenu – Comms Tab ... 109
Figure 75: GPS Rover Submenu – Receiver Tab . 110
Figure 76: GPS Rover Submenu – RTK Tab ........ 112
Figure 77: Configure Satel Radio Window ............ 113
Figure 78: Equip Menu – GPS Utilities .................. 114
Figure 79: GPS Utilities Submenu Options ........... 114
Figure 80: Equip Menu – Monitor/Skyplot ............. 116
Figure 81: Monitor/Skyplot Submenu – Quality ..... 116
Figure 82: Monitor/Skyplot Submenu – Position ... 118
Figure 83: Monitor/Skyplot Submenu – SATView . 118
Figure 84: Monitor/Skyplot Submenu – SATInfo ... 119
Figure 85: Equip Menu – Configure....................... 119
Figure 86: Configure Submenu – General Tab ..... 120
Figure 87: Configure Submenu – View Pt Tab ...... 121
Figure 88: Equip Menu – Tolerances .................... 122
Figure 89: Tolerances Submenu Options.............. 122
Figure 90: Store Points Interface........................... 123
Figure 91: Survey Menu – Store Points................. 125
Figure 92: Equip Menu – Localization ................... 126
Figure 93: Localization Submenu Options............. 127
Figure 94: Localization Submenu – System Tab... 127
Figure 95: Localization Submenu – GPS Tab ....... 128
Figure 96: Localization Submenu – Points Tab..... 128
Figure 97: Localization Submenu – By Helmert .... 128
Figure 98: Survey Menu – Stake Points ................ 129
Figure 99: Stake Points Window ........................... 130
Figure 100: File Menu – Points.............................. 132
Figure 101: Points Submenu ................................. 132
Figure 102: File Menu – Feature Code List ........... 133
Figure 103: X-Port Data Editors ............................ 136
Figure 104: Import Point Data Window.................. 138
Figure 105: SurvCE Data Transfer Window .......... 139
Figure 106: Set Geoid Area Window ..................... 141
Figure 107: Print Coordinates Window.................. 143
Figure 108: Process Options Window ................... 147
Figure 109a: Base Transit Case Supplied Equip... 154
Figure 109b: Base Transit Case Supplied Equip... 155
Figure 110: Base Bag Supplied Equipment........... 156
Figure 111a: Rover Transit Case Supplied Equip . 157
vi
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Figure 111b: Rover Transit Case Supplied Equip..158
Figure 112: Rover Bag Supplied Equipment..........159
Figure 113: Office Supplies Transit Case ..............160
Figure 114: Base Configuration Window ...............163
Figure 115: Enter Lat/Lon Window ........................164
Figure 116: Grid Coordinate Window.....................164
Figure 117: From Known Position Tab ..................165
Figure 118: Surveyed Point Window......................165
Figure 119: Local Point Window ............................166
Figure 120: Base Station File Window...................166
Figure 121: TruBlu Baud Rate Setting ...................168
Figure 122: Bluetooth Devices Window .................169
Figure 123: Verification of TruBlu Connection .......170
Figure 124: Survey Menu – Log Raw GPS ............171
Figure 125: NavCom Setup Window......................172
Figure 126: Files on Receiver Window ..................173
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
List of Tables
Table 1: Radio Modem LED Indications .................. 24
Table 2: Base Transit Case Parts List ..................... 36
Table 3: Base Bag Parts List ................................... 38
Table 4: Rover Transit Case Parts List.................... 39
Table 5: Rover Bag Parts List.................................. 41
Table 6: Office Supplies Transit Case Parts List ..... 42
Table 7: Sensor Battery Charger LEDs ................... 46
Table 8: Bag Battery Charger LEDs ........................ 49
Table 9: Rover Radio Modem Battery LED ............. 51
Table 10: Radio Modem Soft Key Functions ........... 61
Table 11: FEC Signal Thresholds............................ 71
Table 12: SurvCE Window Icons............................. 90
Table 13: Store Points Interface Icons .................. 124
Table 14: Base Transit Case Parts List ................. 154
Table 15: Base Bag Parts List ............................... 156
Table 16: Rover Transit Case Parts List................ 157
Table 17: Rover Bag Parts List.............................. 159
Table 18: Office Supplies Transit Case Parts List . 160
viii
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Notices
LAND-PAK™
All-in-One RTK Land Survey Solution User Guide
P/N 96-310030-3001
Revision C
February 2008
Serial Number:
Date Delivered:
Purchased From:
Copyright
© 2008 by NavCom Technology, Inc.
All rights reserved. No part of this work or the
computer program(s) described herein may be
reproduced, stored, or transmitted by any means,
without the expressed written consent of the copyright
holders. Translation in any language is prohibited
without the expressed written consent of the copyright
holders.
Trademarks
‘find your way’, ‘NavCom Globe’ and ‘NAVCOM
TECHNOLOGY’ logos are trademarks of NavCom
Technology, Inc. StarFire™ is a registered trademark
of Deere & Company. All other product and brand
names are trademarks or registered trademarks of
their respective holders.
ix
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
FCC Notice
The NavCom manufactured products comply with
Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the
following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause harmful
interference, and
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
The NavCom manufactured products have been
tested in accordance with FCC regulations for
electromagnetic interference. This does not
guarantee non-interference with other equipment.
Additionally, the products may be adversely affected
by nearby sources of electromagnetic radiation.
The Global Positioning System is under the control of
the United States Air Force. Operation of the GPS
satellites may be changed at any time and without
warning.
The FCC compliance of other components within this
system can be found inside the respective user
guides or by contacting the manufacturer directly.
User Notice
NavCom Technology, Inc. shall not be responsible for
any inaccuracies, errors, or omissions in information
contained herein, including, but not limited to,
information obtained from third party sources, such as
publications of other companies, the press, or
competitive data organizations.
This publication is made available on an “as is” basis
and NavCom Technology, Inc. specifically disclaims
all associated warranties, whether express or implied.
In no event will NavCom Technology, Inc. be liable for
x
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
direct, indirect, special, incidental, or consequential
damages in connection with the use of or reliance on
the material contained in this publication, even if
advised of the possibility of such damages. NavCom
Technology, Inc. reserves the right to make
improvements or changes to this publication and the
products and services herein described at any time,
without notice or obligation.
Limited Warranty
NavCom Technology, Inc., warrants that its products
will be free from defects in workmanship at the time of
delivery. Under this limited warranty, parts found to
be defective or defects in workmanship will be
repaired or replaced at the discretion of NavCom
Technology, Inc., at no cost to the Buyer, provided
that the Buyer returns the defective product to
NavCom Technology, Inc. in the original supplied
packaging and pays all transportation charges,
duties, and taxes associated with the return of the
product. Parts replaced during the warranty period
do not extend the period of the basic limited warranty.
This provision does not extend to any NavCom
Technology, Inc. products, which have been
subjected to misuse, accident or improper installation,
maintenance or application, nor does it extend to
products repaired or altered outside the NavCom
Technology, Inc. production facility unless authorized
in writing by NavCom Technology, Inc.
This provision is expressly accepted by the buyer in
lieu of any or all other agreements, statements or
representations, expressed or implied, in fact or in
law, including the implied warranties of
merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose
and of all duties or liabilities of NavCom Technology,
Inc. To the buyer arising out of the use of the goods,
and no agreement or understanding varying or
xi
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
extending the same will be binding upon NavCom
Technology, Inc. unless in writing, signed by a dulyauthorized officer of NavCom Technology, Inc.
This limited warranty period is one (1) year from date
of purchase.
StarFire™ Licensing
The StarFire™ signal requires a subscription that
must be purchased in order to access the service.
Licenses are non-transferable, and are subject to the
terms of the StarFire™ Signal License agreement.
For further details on the StarFire™ Signal Network,
its capabilities, terms and conditions visit
www.navcomtech.com or send an email inquiry to
[email protected]
USG FAR
Technical Data Declaration (Jan 1997)
The Contractor, NavCom Technology, Inc., hereby
declares that, to the best of its knowledge and belief,
the technical data delivered herewith under
Government contract (and subcontracts, if
appropriate) are complete, accurate, and comply with
the requirements of the contract concerning such
technical data
Global Positioning System
Selective availability (S/A code) was disabled on 02
May 2000 at 04:05 UTC. The United States
government has stated that present GPS users use
the available signals at their own risk. The US
Government may at any time end or change
operation of these satellites without warning.
The U.S. Department of Commerce Limits
Requirements state that all exportable GPS products
xii
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
contain performance limitations so that they cannot
be used to threaten the security of the United States.
Access to satellite measurements and navigation
results will be limited from display and recordable
output when predetermined values of velocity and
altitude are exceeded. These threshold values are far
in excess of the normal and expected operational
parameters of the SF-2040 GPS Sensor.
xiii
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Revision History
Rev A (Sep. 2007)
Initial release
Rev B (Dec. 2007)
Update Satel radio configuration
settings
Added Signal Threshold
Added Address Settings
Added Handshaking
Updated FEC modes
Added SL-Commands
Rev C (Feb. 2008)
New Carlson Explorer Universal
Battery Charger
Updated P/N for Charger Kit
Revised Battery Charging
Instructions
Added updated photo of
LM & 869 Office Supplies
which shows new charger
Added the option of a 220V
Battery Charger for the Satel
3ASd Radio Modem Battery
(LM & 869)
Added MSAS & GAGAN to
Related Standards
xiv
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Use of this Document
This User Guide is intended to be used by someone
familiar with the concepts of GPS and satellite
surveying equipment.
‡
Note indicates additional information
to make better use of the product.
This symbol means Reader Be
Careful. Indicates a caution, care,
and/or safety situation. The user might
do something that could result in
equipment damage or loss of data.
This symbol means Danger. The user
is in a situation that could cause bodily
injury. Before working on any
equipment, be aware of the hazards
involved with electrical and RF circuitry
and be familiar with standard practices
for preventing accidents.
Revisions to this User Guide can be obtained in a
digital format from
http://www.navcomtech.com/Support/
Related Documents
StarUtil User Guide
P/N 96-310008-3001
Describes the operation and use of NavCom’s
Windows based control program (included on CD)
xv
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Technical Reference Manual
P/N 96-3120001-3001
Describes the control and output data message
formats utilized by this instrument (for customer
programming purposes; included on CD)
RINEXUtil User Guide
P/N 96-310021-2101
Describes the conversion program used for NavCom
proprietary output data message formats to RINEX
ver 2.10 observation and navigation files (for
customer programming purposes; included on CD)
Integrators Toolkit
P/N 97-310020-3001
Provides additional instruction and tools for
developing control programs for this instrument (not
included in the packaging material; contact
http://www.navcomtech.com/Support/ for a copy)
NavCom Release Notes
Describes software updates for NavCom products.
Current and archived Release Notes are available on
the NavCom web site:
http://www.navcomtech.com/Support/DownloadCente
r.cfm?category=releasenotes.
NavCom Customer Support provides software
updates described in the Release Notes. Submit a
request for software updates via the Request Support
web page.
xvi
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Related Standards
ICD-GPS-200
NAVSTAR GPS Space Segment / Navigation User
Interfaces Standard. ARINC Research Corporation;
2250 E. Imperial Highway; El Segundo, California
90245
RTCM-SC-104
Recommended Standards For Differential GNSS
Service. Radio Technical Commission For Maritime
Services; 1800 N. Kent St, Suite 1060; Arlington,
Virginia 22209
CMR, CMR+
Compact Measurement Record; Trimble Navigation
Limited; 935 Stewart Drive; Sunnyvale, CA 94085
NMEA-0183
National Marine Electronics Association Standard For
Interfacing Marine Electronic Devices. NMEA
National Office; 7 Riggs Avenue; Severna Park,
Maryland 21146
Publicly-Operated SBAS Signals
RTCA/DO-229D
The Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics
(RTCA) develops consensus-based
recommendations regarding communications,
navigation, surveillance, and air traffic management
(CNS/ATM) system issues.
RTCA. 1828 L Street, NW, Suite 805, Washington,
DC 20036.
xvii
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
These organizations implement the RTCA/DO-229D
standard set by RTCA:
WAAS (Wide Area Augmentation System)
U.S. Department of Transportation. Federal Aviation
Administration. 800 Independence Ave, SW,
Washington, DC 20591
EGNOS (European Geostationary Navigation Overlay
Service)
European Space Agency. 8, 10 rue Mario-Nikis,
F-75738 Paris Cedex 15, France.
MSAS (MTSAT Satellite-based Augmentation
System)
Japan Civil Aviation Bureau. Ministry of Transport.
Kasumigaseki 2-1-3, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100, Japan.
GAGAN (GPS Aided Geo Augmented Navigation)
Indian Space Research Organization. Antariksh
Bhavan, New Bel Road, Bangalore - 560 094, India.
xviii
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Chapter 1 .............................. Introduction
The LAND-PAK™ is a complete NavCom-qualified
end-user system designed for land survey
applications. The LAND-PAK pairs NavCom products
with complimentary technologies and solutions,
providing land surveyors a complete turn-key system
that does everything from field data collection to office
processing.
Unique Features
The LAND-PAK has many unique features:
„ A Solution that Works
The LAND-PAK’s controller solution from Carlson
provides cutting edge hardware with the most popular
and easy to use software on the market, SurvCE.
Satel’s powerful radio modems give the LAND-PAK a
wider coverage area, allowing longer distances
between stations.
„ Higher accuracy and reliability
With Satel’s radio modems and the RTK option on the
SF-2040 receivers, the LAND-PAK is capable of
performing centimeter accurate RTK surveys. The
RTK algorithm developed by NavCom provides fast
initialization and the NCT ultra compact binary data
format for RTK ensures robust data throughput. The
sensor can utilize NCT, RTCM, CMR and CMR+ data
streams from other base stations to minimize base
rover separation and allow for flexibility with preexisting GPS survey systems.
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
„ GPS Performance
The NavCom SF-2040 receivers use the NavCom
NCT-2100D GPS Engine including the fourth
generation Touchstone™ ASIC family, of which more
than 40,000 are in use worldwide. Incorporated are
NavCom patented interference suppression and
multi-path mitigation, a 5Hz raw data rate (up to 50Hz
optional), and 5Hz geodetic-quality positioning (up to
25Hz optional).
„ RTK Extend™
1
RTK Extend™ enables continuous RTK-level
positioning accuracy during radio communication
outages by utilizing NavCom’s global StarFire™
corrections.
Traditionally, when an RTK rover loses
communication with the base station, it is unable to
continue to provide position updates for more than a
few seconds, resulting in user down-time and
reduced productivity. With RTK Extend™, a NavCom
StarFire™ receiver operating in RTK mode, can
transition to RTK Extend™ mode and maintain
centimeter level positioning during communication
loss for up to 15 minutes. RTK Extend™ allows more
efficient and uninterrupted work, enabling focused
concentration on the work rather than the tools.
„ A complete portable system
The LAND-PAK is a highly integrated solution
designed for productivity with minimal setup time and
maximum portability. Covering the entire land survey
process, it contains a complete base and rover
system for field data collection. Optional software for
data analysis and processing is also available.
1
Separate Software Option Required
2-20
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Typical Applications
9 Cadastral (Boundary) Surveys
9 Geodetic Surveys (Control) Surveys
9 Topographic Surveys
9 Stake-Out Surveys
9 As-Built Surveys
System Description
NavCom SF-2040 GPS
Sensors
The LAND-PAK includes
the NavCom SF-2040
Sensor for both the base
station and rover. The SF-2040 is a 24-channel dual
frequency precision GPS sensor with two additional
channels for receiving Satellite Based Augmentation
System (SBAS) signals and an L-Band demodulator
for reception of NavCom’s StarFire™ Network
correction service, for autonomous decimeter-level
position accuracy, anywhere in the world, anytime.
The sensor can output proprietary raw data as fast as
50Hz (optional) and Position Velocity Time (PVT)
data as fast as 25Hz (optional) through two 115kbps
serial ports with less than 20ms latency.
The SF-2040 has a built-in L-Band demodulator for
reception of NavCom’s StarFire™ Network correction
service. The sensor simultaneously accepts
additional DGPS corrections (WAAS/EGNOS)
assuring seamless position output.
2-21
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
„ Integrated GPS and L-Band Antenna
The all-in-one housing incorporates our compact GPS
antenna with excellent tracking performance and a
stable phase center for GPS L1 and L2. The robust
assembly features a standard 5/8” BSW thread for
mounting directly to a surveyor’s pole, tripod, or mast.
„ Communications
The SF-2040 provides two 7-pin female LEMO
connector communication ports, labeled COM1 and
COM2, located at the bottom front of the sensor (as
shown in Figure 1). Each conforms to the EIA RS232
standard with data rates from 1.2 to 115.2kbps.
COM1 is the control port, and COM2 is the data port
(see Figure 4 for a schematic of the LAND-PAK
interfacing).
Figure 1: SF-2040, Viewed From Bottom
2-22
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
‡
Refer to the supplied SF-2040 GPS
Product User Guide for further
information about the SF-2040.
Base Station and Rover Radio Modems
The LAND-PAK includes a
base station and a rover radio
modem.
‡
Refer to The LANDPAK Configurations
section below for the
specific radio modems used in the
current LAND-PAK configurations.
Set the radio modems only to a
licensed frequency. It must comply
with local regulatory authorities.
„ User Interface
The LAND-PAK radio modems are configurable via
SurvCE software on the Explorer 600+ controller.
Additionally, the radio modems are configurable
without any external device via the integrated LCD
display and four soft keys. The soft keys access onscreen menus.
During operation, the LCD display shows RF
frequency, battery status, data port speed, and signal
strength (in dBm).
„ LED Indicators
Figure 2: Radio Modem LED Indicators
2-23
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
The LED indicators provide a quick status view of
both the radio channel and the serial interface with
the GPS.
The CTS LED illuminates when the radio modems
are powered on. Refer to Table 1 for LED indications.
Table 1: Radio Modem LED Indications
LED
Description
Active Status
RTS
Request To Send
Red
CTS
Clear To Send
Red
TD
Transmit Data
(Input of the data
to be transmitted
from the DTE to
the radio modem.)
Red = data transmit
Green = test Tx active
RD
Receive Data
(Output of the
data received
from the radio
modem to the
DTE.)
Red
CD
Carrier Detect
(radio status)
Red = transmission
Orange = noise
Green = reception
2-24
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Explorer 600+ Data Collector
The Carlson Explorer 600+ high-speed (624 MHz),
hand-held data collector features a liquid crystal 320
x 240 QVGA-TFT color, sunlight-readable display
with a touch screen and LED backlight. It is equipped
with 128MB of SDRAM and 512MB of internal
compact flash memory.
Carlson SurvCE data collection software for land
surveying applications is installed on the Windows CE
.NET Professional operating system.
The supplied rechargeable Nickel Metal Hydride
(NiMH) battery pack can provide up to twelve hours of
operating time on a full charge (depending on power
management and use).
The Explorer 600+ provides WiFi and Bluetooth, a
USB port and a Serial port, and a Compact Flash
(CF) slot.
The weather resistant shell, rated to withstand winddriven rain, has a keyboard designed for surveyors
and six LED Indicators, including a charge/low battery
indicator. The Explorer 600+ comes with a cradle for
attachment to the rover pole.
‡
Refer to the supplied Carlson Explorer
600+ user manual for further
information.
Always use the supplied stylus to
interact with the Explorer 600+ touch
screen. Never use sharp objects. Use
the supplied screen protectors to
increase the life of the touch screen.
2-25
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
„ User Interface
Figure 3: Carlson Explorer 600+ User Interface
The Carlson Explorer 600+ has a 53-key keypad. It
provides the functionality of a full-sized keyboard
through the use of multi-functional modifier keys. Four
LEDs located to the left and right of the power button
indicate the active state of the modifier keys.
9 2nd Key: Press to
access the
characters and
functions in the
blue bottom half of
the keys.
9 Alt Key: Press to
access the orange
letter hot keys
below the Alpha Letters A thru Z. For detailed
information about the hot keys, refer to the
supplied Carlson SurvCE manual.
‡
2-26
The functions of the Fn key and the 1st LED
are not applicable to the LAND-PAK.
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
„ Operation
9 Power Off: Press and hold the power button for
approximately 10 seconds. This action terminates
active applications, and ceases serial port
operations.
9 Suspend Mode: Press and immediately release
the power button. The display turns off, but active
applications are not shut down (except serial port
operations). To exit suspend mode, press and
release the power button. The display turns on,
suspended applications resume running, but
serial port operations must be restarted. Use
suspend mode to conserve battery power.
9 Warm Re-Boot: In Windows CE, select Start >
Programs > Tools > Warm Re-Boot.
SurvCE Software
Carlson SurvCE is a complete data collection system
for Real Time (RTK) GPS.
‡
Refer to Chapter 5 SurvCE Software
Operation for a quick start setup and
operation of SurvCE. Refer to the
supplied Carlson SurvCE manual for
details not covered in this guide.
„ SurvCE Upgrade
‡
Contact NavCom Technology prior to
upgrading the factory installed version
of SurvCE on the Explorer 600+. If
appropriate, download the latest
version of Carlson SurvCE from the
Carlson web site at
http://www.carlsonsw.com.
To install SurvCE on the Explorer 600+, a PC requires
Microsoft ActiveSync on Windows XP or earlier, or the
2-27
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Windows Mobile Device Center on Windows Vista.
ActiveSync is on the supplied SurvCE CD. The latest
versions of either program are available from Microsoft.
„ SurvCE Installation on Windows XP or earlier:
9 Boot-up Windows CE on the Explorer 600+. If
Windows CE is already running, close any open
applications.
9 Run PC Link from the desktop. The PC Link
window opens and closes quickly.
9 Connect the PC and the Explorer 600+ with the
supplied USB cable. (The USB cable is in the
office transit case).
o
ActiveSync starts automatically. The New
Partnership window opens.
9 Select No.
9 Click the Next button.
o
The ActiveSync window opens. A guest
connection is indicated.
9 Click the Explore button.
9 Browse to the folder with the downloaded SurvCE
exe file.
9 Double-click the exe file.
o
The SurvCE setup wizard opens. Follow the
on-screen instructions. When asked to check
the mobile device for additional steps, a box
with a stopped progress bar will be open on
the Explorer 600+.
9 Tap the OK button in the top right corner of the box.
o
Installation continues. When the box
disappears, the installation is complete.
9 On the PC, close the wizard and ActiveSync.
2-28
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
TruBlu™ Module
The TruBlu™ module is a wireless
transceiver that provides wireless
connectivity with the Bluetooth®
enabled Explorer 600+ data collector
within a range of 100 feet (30 meters).
„ Features
9 Water-resistant, sealed unit
9 Internal flashing blue LED clearly indicates
operation
9 FCC & CE certified when used with NavCom GPS
Receivers
9 Contains Bluetooth-certified components
„ No wires
TruBlu™ delivers the convenience of wireless control
and logging of up to 10Hz position records in the
Explorer 600+. Use a serial cable to download the
internal memory and for real-time position / data
transfers greater than 10Hz.
„ No batteries required
TruBlu™ is powered directly by its host NavCom GPS
unit, so it requires no additional batteries for usage.
Its power needs are minimal; for example, when the
SF-2040 is powered by NavCom batteries, power life
will be reduced by less than 10% from TruBlu™ use.
„ Compact size
TruBlu™ is only 41mm x 28mm x 22mm (1 5/8” x 1
1/8” x 7/8”), taking up very little space.
2-29
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Office Software
9 Carlson X-Port – This program is a file transfer
and data editing utility. In the office, X-Port is used
to communicate with the Explorer 600+ data
collector, transfer files, process coordinates, and
convert coordinates and raw data formats.
‡
Refer to Chapter 6 Data Transfer for a
quick start to the use of X-Port. The
Carlson X-Port manual may be
obtained from the Carlson web site:
http://www.carlsonsw.com.
9 NavCom StarUtil – This program is designed to
setup and view many (but not all) of the SF-2040
functions. In addition to its setup capabilities,
StarUtil can capture and log data, upload new
software and licenses to the three internal
processors, and query and display various
receiver performance functions. The StarUtil
software and user guide is supplied on the CD in
the office supplies transit case.
2-30
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
The LAND-PAK Interfacing
GPS / StarFire Antenna
NCT-2100D
IOP
19.2K
115K
SF-2040
115K
Com2
Com1
Data rate
38400
8 1 NP
TruBlu
Satel
Radio
Modem
LBM
19.2K
1PPS
Event
CAN
GPS / StarFire Antenna
NCT-2100D
IOP
19.2K
115K
Data rate
19200
8 1 NP
Com2
115K
Com1
Data rate
38400
8 1 NP
Bluetooth
Carlson
Controller
Explorer
600+
Data rate
19200
8 1 NP
19.2K
LBM
SF-2040
1PPS
Event
CAN
Satel
Radio
Modem
TruBlu
07-00060-B
Figure 4: The LAND-PAK Interfacing
The LAND-PAK Configurations
The LAND-PAK currently has two configurations:
9 The LAND-PAK LM
9 The LAND-PAK 869
‡
Refer to the supplied Satelline-3ASd
user guide for detailed information on
the radio modems described below.
The LAND-PAK LM
The LAND-PAK LM configuration includes the
SATELLINE-3ASd Epic high power 10-Watt
2-31
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
transmitter for the base station assembly and the
SATELLINE-3ASd for the rover assembly. They are
set to communicate at 38400 baud. The operating RF
frequency range of the LAND-PAK LM configuration
is 450 MHz to 470 MHz.
‡
When ordering the LAND-PAK LM
configuration, the user must specify
the desired operating frequency of the
radio modems. The specified
frequency is set at the factory. It is the
responsibility of the user to ensure
that the requested frequency complies
with local regulatory authorities.
The factory set central RF frequency is listed
with the serial number on the radio modem.
The RF frequency can be set within 1MHz of
the central frequency, at 25KHz increments.
If retuning beyond 1 MHz is necessary, the
user must ship the radio to the manufacturer’s
factory for hardware modification. Any
shipping and customs charges are the
responsibility of the customer.
The LAND-PAK 869
The LAND-PAK 869 configuration includes two
SATELLINE-3ASd 869 radio modems for the base
station assembly and for the rover assembly. They
are set to communicate at 38400 baud. The 3ASd
869 radio modem is capable of transmitting up to
500 mW. The operating RF frequency range of the
LAND-PAK 869 configuration is 869.400 MHz to
869.650 MHz.
The 3ASd 869 radio modem is currently type
approved in Austria, Belgium, Croatia,
Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France,
Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy,
2-32
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Latvia, Malta, Norway, The Netherlands, Poland,
Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden,
Switzerland, Turkey, and The United Kingdom.
Please check with local regulatory
authorities to ensure compliance.
2-33
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
This page is left blank intentionally
2-34
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Chapter 2 ........................ Inventory Check
This chapter provides the complete system inventory
for the LAND-PAK LM configuration.
‡
Refer to Appendix A for the complete
system inventory for the LAND-PAK
869 configuration.
The Inventory Check is divided into three sections:
Base Station Inventory, Rover Inventory, and Office
Supplies Inventory.
The system is shipped in five boxes, which contain
the transit cases and bags listed below. The transit
cases are labeled on the top. The bags are labeled
under the NAVCOM logo.
9 Base Station Transit Case
9 Base Bag
9 Rover Transit Case
9 Rover Bag
9 Office Supplies Transit Case
Carefully remove equipment from
transit cases and bags. If any items
are missing or damaged, immediately
contact NavCom Customer Support:
Telephone: +1 (310) 381-2000
Web:
http://www.navcomtech.com/Contact/Contact
Support.cfm
2-35
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Base Station Inventory
This section lists all the supplied equipment in the
Base Transit Case and the Base Bag.
Figure 5a: Base Transit Case Supplied Equipment
Table 2: Base Transit Case Parts List
SF-2040 GIS PM Sensor
(P/N 92-310045-3001)
Included and Installed Software Options:
1
RTK Software
(P/N 97-310041-3006)
RTK Extend
(P/N 97-310041-3009)
2
Two Lithium-Ion Battery Packs, 10.8 VDC, 4.4 Ah
(P/N 59-020102-3001 each)
3
Tribrach, w/ Optical Plummet, black
(P/N 60-990007-0001)
4
Adaptor, Tribrach, Fixed
(P/N 60-990008-0001)
5
Base Transit Case {Not Shown}
(P/N 79-100106-3001)
Continued on next page
2-36
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Figure 5b: Base Transit Case Supplied Equipment
Base Transit Case Parts List continued
6
3ASd EPIC Radio Modem, 10W o/p Power
(P/N 82-042001-0002)
7
Bag for 3ASd EPIC Radio Modem
(P/N 79-700005-0001)
8
12V 8Ah Bag Battery for 3ASd EPIC Radio Modem
(P/N 59-020152-0001)
9
Antenna, Gainflex 435-470 MHz, TNC
(P/N 82-001015-0003)
10
Radio Antenna Cable, 12 ft (3.7m)
(P/N 94-310058-3012)
11
NavCom Base Cable 10 ft (3m)
(P/N 73-100002-0001)
12
Tape Measure & Pocket Rod Combo, 12ft (3.7m)
(P/N 60-990009-0001)
2-37
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Figure 6: Base Bag Supplied Equipment
Table 3: Base Bag Parts List
1
Bag, Tripod {Not Shown}
(P/N 79-700003-0001)
2
Tripod, Dual Lock, Fiberglass, Waterproof, 72 in Legs
(P/N 60-430002-0001)
3
Bracket, Radio Antenna To Tripod
(P/N 60-500001-0001)
4
Snap-Lock Radio Antenna Pole, 6ft
(P/N 60-440002-0001)
5
Pole Extension, 6 inch: 1 inch diameter
(P/N 60-440003-0001)
6
Radio Antenna Adaptor
(P/N 88-310055-3002)
2-38
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Rover Inventory
This section lists all the supplied equipment in the
Rover Transit Case and the Rover Bag.
Figure 7a: Rover Transit Case Supplied Equipment
Table 4: Rover Transit Case Parts List
SF-2040 GIS PM Sensor
(P/N 92-310045-3001)
Included and Installed Software Options:
1
RTK Software
(P/N 97-310041-3006)
RTK Extend
(P/N 97-310041-3009)
2
Two Lithium-Ion Battery Packs, 10.8 VDC, 4.4 Ah
(P/N 59-020102-3001 each)
3
Serial Cable, 6 Ft Coiled
(P/N 94-310090-3003)
4
TruBlu™ Module
(P/N 92-210182-3001)
5
Carlson Explorer 600+, Carlson SurvCE w/GPS installed
(P/N 82-061001-0001) {Supplied USB Cable Not Shown}
6
Rover Transit Case {Not Shown}
(P/N 79-100107-3001)
Continued on next page
2-39
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Figure 7b: Rover Transit Case Supplied Equipment
Rover Transit Case Parts List continued
7
Extra Orange Styli (Set of 3) for Carlson Explorer 600+
(P/N 60-990010-0001)
8
Screen Protectors for Carlson Explorer 600+, Set of 5
(P/N 60-220001-0001)
9
Vehicle Charger for Carlson Explorer 600+
(P/N 59-800004-0001)
10
3ASd Radio Modem, 1W o/p Power
(P/N 82-042001-0001)
11
3ASd Battery Cradle
(P/N 60-990011-0001)
12
3ASd Battery with switch
(P/N 59-020201-0001)
13
Bag for 3ASd Radio Modem
(P/N 79-700005-0002)
14
15
2-40
Antenna, Gainflex 435-470 MHz, TNC {The antenna is
stored in the lower portion of the rover transit case lid.}
(P/N 82-001015-0003)
NavCom Cable, DB-9
(P/N 73-100002-0002)
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Figure 8: Rover Bag Supplied Equipment
Table 5: Rover Bag Parts List
1
Rover Bag {Not Shown}
(P/N 79-700002-0002)
2
Pole, Carbon Fiber and Aluminum, 8.5 ft (2.6m)
(P/N 60-430001-0002)
3
Bipod, Carbon Fiber, Open Clamp
(P/N 60-430001-0001)
4
Cradle for Carlson Explorer 600+
(P/N 60-570002-0001)
2-41
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Office Supplies Inventory
This section lists all the supplied equipment in the
Office Supplies Transit Case.
Figure 9: Office Supplies Transit Case
Table 6: Office Supplies Transit Case Parts List
Battery Charger Kit for SF-2040 GIS PM Sensor
(P/N 92-310092-3001)
1 Kit Includes:
4-Bay Battery Charger w/ Cable (P/N 92-310046-3001)
Charger Power Supply (P/N 82-02003-5001)
2
Battery Charger Kit for Carlson Explorer 600+
(P/N 59-810001-3001)
3
Battery Charger for EPIC Radio Modem Bag Battery
(P/N 59-800002-0001)
Option:
110V Battery Charger for 3ASd Radio Modem Battery
(P/N 59-800001-0001)
4
Or
220V Battery Charger for 3ASd Radio Modem Battery
(P/N 59-800001-0002) {Not Shown}
5
Office Supplies Transit Case {Not Shown}
(P/N 79-100108-3001)
Continued on next page
2-42
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Office Supplies Transit Case Parts List continued
6
User Guide, LAND-PAK
(P/N 96-310030-3001)
7
User Guide, SF-2040 GIS PM Sensor
(P/N 96-310003-3001)
8
User Guide, Carlson Explorer 600+
(P/N 96-000001-0001)
9
User Guide, Carlson SurvCE
(P/N 96-000001-0002)
10
11
User Guide, SATELLINE -3ASd Radio Modems
(P/N 96-000001-0003)
CD containing User Guides, Reference Material, and
StarUtil Utility Software/User Guide
(P/N 96-310006-3001)
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
This page is left blank intentionally
2-44
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Chapter 3 ....................... Battery Charging
This chapter provides guidance on battery charging
for optimum performance. All the battery chargers are
in the transit case labeled Office Supplies.
All the LAND-PAK batteries must be
charged before the test setup of the
system. Refer to Chapter 4 Function
Test Setup.
For optimum battery life and
performance, it is important that all
batteries receive a full charge before
first use.
‡
Refer to Chapter 7 Equipment
Maintenance for safety instructions
regarding battery use, storage, and
disposal.
SF-2040 GPS Sensor Battery Packs
The LAND-PAK includes two SF-2040 GPS Sensors,
each supplied with two lithium-ion battery packs. The
battery charger has four independent charging bays
for simultaneous charging.
‡
Refer to the supplied SF-2040 GPS
Product User Guide for details on
battery use, safety, and disposal.
Charge the battery packs only with the
supplied battery charger (P/N 92310046-3001) and supplied charger
power supply (P/N 82-02003-5001);
otherwise, damage to the battery
packs could occur.
4-45
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
„ Battery Charger LEDs
Table 7: Sensor Battery Charger LEDs
LED
Power
Status
Power On
Battery Bays
Charging
Charging Complete
„ Battery Charging
‡
The SF-2040 battery packs are
shipped in a partially charged state.
Complete one full charge cycle (8-10
hours) before battery use.
Refer to Figure 9, item 1 for battery charger kit photo.
1. Connect the power cable to the AC to DC power
supply.
2. Connect the power supply jack to the battery
charger assembly.
3. Plug the power cable into an AC receptacle. The
green power LED illuminates.
4. Insert four battery packs into the charger. The
LED status is shown in Table 7.
5. Charge battery packs until the green LED below
each bay illuminates.
Do not short circuit battery contacts.
Do not store battery packs above 60
deg C (140 deg F). Do not
disassemble battery packs. Do not
expose to fire (explosive hazard).
4-46
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
If the battery packs are left charging
for longer than 5 days, the charging
indicator LEDs will shut off. If this
occurs, place the battery packs in the
SF-2040 GPS Sensor and power on
for 10-15 minutes in order to slightly
discharge the batteries.
Remove the battery packs from both
SF-2040 GPS Sensors if the sensors
will not be used for over 1 week.
„ Battery Installation
The SF-2040 GPS Sensor battery packs are keyed to
prevent improper installation. There are two locking
clips on either side of the battery end (see Figure 10).
Figure 10: Battery Locking Clips
The bottom of the sensor has two battery chambers.
Install each battery pack by sliding it into a chamber.
Align the channel on the chamber to match the
battery notch. Press the end firmly until the locking
clips click. Verify both locking clips are locked in
place.
If both locking clips are not locked in
place, a battery pack could
inadvertently drop to the ground.
4-47
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
„ Battery Removal
Using the thumb and the middle finger, depress the
two locking clips firmly. The battery pack should pop
out enough to be pulled free of the chamber.
„ Battery Testing
Refer to the supplied SF-2040 GPS Product User
Guide for details on testing the battery packs in the
sensor.
4-48
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
3ASd Epic Radio Modem Bag Battery
The LAND-PAK LM configuration includes the 3ASd
Epic radio modem for the base station. A 12V 8Ah
bag battery powers the 3ASd Epic radio modem.
Charge the bag battery only with the
supplied bag battery charger (P/N 59800002-0001); otherwise, damage to
the battery could occur.
„ Battery Charger LEDs
Table 8: Bag Battery Charger LEDs
LED
Status
Charging
Charging Complete
‡
The LED functions printed on the
battery charger, Fast Charge and
Float Charge, do not apply to this
procedure.
„ Battery Charging
Refer to Figure 9, item 3 for battery charger photo.
1. Connect the LEMO 2-pin connector end of the
bag battery charger to the female LEMO
connector on the bag battery.
2. Plug the opposite end of the bag battery charger
into an AC receptacle. The red LED on the
charger illuminates. If the green LED illuminates,
the battery is already fully charged, or if not fully
charged, the battery is malfunctioning.
3. Charge the bag battery until the green LED
illuminates. One full charge cycle requires 9-12
hours to complete.
4-49
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
4. Unplug the battery charger.
LEMO 2-Pin
Connector
Male 15-Pin
Serial
Connector
LEMO 7-Pin
Connector
Figure 11: NavCom Base Cable
Refer to Figure 11 for the steps below:
5. Verify the bag battery is fully charged. Power on
the radio modem to check the battery voltage:
a. Connect the serial 15-pin end of the NavCom
base cable to the female serial connector on
the bottom right of the radio modem.
b. Connect the LEMO 2-pin end of the base
cable to the bag battery. The radio modem
powers on. (The LEMO 2-pin connector is
fitted to the red fuse-fit and black cables.)
The LCD display shows the battery status and
other settings. The supply voltage is in the top
right (see Figure 17). A full charge is 13.5V to
14.70V.
‡
The LEMO 7-Pin end of the base
cable is not used in this procedure.
6. Disconnect the bag battery if it is fully charged.
4-50
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
3ASd and 3ASd 869 Radio Modem Battery
A 9.6V 2Ah NiMh battery powers both the 3ASd and
the 3ASd 869 radio modems. The battery is attached
to a cradle on the back of the radios. The battery
charger is the same for both types of radio modem.
The LAND-PAK LM configuration includes one
battery charger1 for the 3ASd radio modem (rover).
The LAND-PAK 869 configuration includes two
battery chargers1, one for each 3ASd 869 radio
modem (base and rover).
There is no charging indicator on the battery charger.
The top of the battery has an on/off switch and a red
LED. The illuminated red LED indicates power on and
battery charging.
Charge the batteries only with the
supplied battery charger; otherwise,
damage to the battery could occur.
„ Battery LED
Table 9: Rover Radio Modem Battery LED
LED
Status
Battery Charging/Radio Modem Power On
„ Battery Charging
Refer to Figure 9, item 4 for battery charger photo.
1. Connect the serial 9-pin end of the battery
charger to the female connector on the bottom of
the radio.
2. Plug the opposite end of the battery charger into
an AC receptacle.
1
Battery Charger Option:
110V (P/N 59-800001-0001) or 220V (P/N 59-800001-0002)
4-51
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
3. Turn on the switch at the top of the radio modem
battery. The red LED illuminates.
The on/off switch must be on to
charge the battery. If the switch is not
on, the charger powers the radio (the
LCD display is on), but does not
charge the battery.
4. Charge the battery for 12 hours.
‡
The LED does not indicate when the
charge cycle is complete. When the
battery is on, the LED is always a
steady red. Do not charge the rover
radio modem for more than 72 hours.
5. Verify the battery is fully charged. A full charge is
10.5V to 11.1V. The voltage of the battery is
indicated on the top right of the LCD display (see
Figure 17).
6. Turn off the battery and unplug the battery
charger if the charge cycle is complete. When the
battery is off, the LED is not lit.
It is very important to turn off the
battery. If the battery remains on, it
immediately begins to power the radio
modem when the charger is
unplugged. The battery will eventually
drain completely if not turned off.
„ Battery Installation
‡
The radio modem has a 4-pin power
connector on the back. It connects to
the female power connector on the
back of the battery.
1. Turn off the switch on the top of the battery if it is
on.
4-52
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
2. Loosen the screw on the bottom of the battery.
3. Insert the slots at the top of the battery into the 2
hooks at the top of the battery cradle.
4. Lower the bottom of the battery into the bracket at
the bottom of the battery cradle.
5. Carefully press the bottom of the battery to
connect the female and male power connectors.
The battery snaps into place.
6. Tighten the screw on the bottom of the battery.
7. Verify battery function. Turn on the switch on the
top of the battery. The red LED illuminates. At
power-on, the LCD display shows the setup
screen.
„ Battery Removal
1. Turn off the switch at the top of the battery if it is
on. The red LED turns off. Unplug the battery
charger if it is connected.
2. Loosen the screw on the bottom of the battery.
3. Grasp the battery at the bottom.
4. Carefully pull the battery up from the bottom until
it is free from the bottom bracket of the cradle and
the 4-pin power connector on the back of the
radio.
5. Slowly continue to pull the battery up from the
bottom. The battery will disengage from the 2
hooks at the top of the cradle.
6. After the battery is removed, re-tighten the screw
on the bottom of the battery to avoid its accidental
loss.
4-53
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Carlson Explorer 600+ Battery Pack
This section provides steps to:
9 Charge the battery pack for the Carlson Explorer
600+ data collector.
9 Boot up Windows CE to verify functionality and to
verify Carlson SurvCE software is installed.
A 7.2V 2500mAh NiMH battery pack powers the
Carlson Explorer 600+. It can provide approximately 8
to 12 hours of operating time on a full charge
(depending on power management and use).
There is no charging indicator on the Explorer 600+
battery charger. The CHG LED on the Explorer 600+
front panel indicates battery charging status.
Charge the battery pack only with the
supplied battery charger kit (P/N 59810001-3001); otherwise, damage to
the battery pack could occur.
‡
‡
‡
4-54
For optimum battery performance,
refer to the supplied Carlson Explorer
600+ user manual, Power
Recommendations section.
A vehicle charger (P/N 59-8000040001) for the Explorer 600+ is
supplied for use in the field.
If the battery pack is lost, six AA
batteries can provide power to the
Explorer 600+ for approximately 2 to 3
hours. If TruBlu™ wireless is being
used, battery life is less.
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
„ Battery Charging
‡
The battery pack is shipped fully
charged and installed in the Explorer
600+. Some battery dissipation occurs
during shipping. Charge the battery
pack in the Explorer 600+ for
approximately four hours before first
use.
1. Assemble the battery charger kit:
a. Fit the input plug into the AC/DC adapter (see
Figure 12).
Figure 12: AC/DC Adapter Input Plug
b. Plug the battery charger jack into the rear
power connector on the female connector end
of the charging cable (see Figure 13).
Figure 13: Battery Charger/Charging Cable
2. Connect the female connector end of the charging
cable to the 9-pin male connector on the bottom
of the Explorer 600+ (see Figure 14).
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Figure 14: Explorer 600+ Charger Connection
3. Plug the battery charger into an AC receptacle.
The CHG LED on the Explorer 600+ front panel
illuminates green (see Figure 15).
Figure 15: CHG LED
‡
The 9-pin male connector end of the
charging cable is not used in this
procedure.
4. Charge the battery until the green CHG LED
blinks (approximately four hours).
5. Unplug the battery charger and disconnect the
charging cable from the Explorer 600+.
Verify functionality:
to
6. Press the Explorer 600+ power button
boot up the Windows CE desktop. The icon for
Carlson SurvCE is on the desktop (see Figure
52).
7. Shut down Windows CE. Press and hold the
Explorer 600+ power button for at least 10
seconds.
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
„ Battery Pack Installation and Removal
The battery compartment door is on the back of the
Explorer 600+.
•
Install the battery pack with the orange label face
up. The label identifies the top and bottom of the
battery pack.
•
Pull the cloth strip at the bottom of the battery
pack to remove the battery pack.
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This page is left blank intentionally
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Chapter 4 ..................Function Test Setup
This chapter provides a test setup of the LAND-PAK
before field operation to ensure system functionality.
The function test setup involves:
9 Radio modem configuration
9 Hardware setup
System inventory and battery charging must be
completed before this test setup. Refer to Chapter 2
Inventory Check and Chapter 3 Battery Charging.
‡
‡
The function test setup does not
involve satellite communication. Refer
to Chapter 5 SurvCE Software
Operation for a quick start guide to
initialize the system and start
collecting computed positions in three
dimensions.
NavCom male and female LEMO
connectors feature a red dot for easy
connection alignment.
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Radio Modem Configuration
This section provides steps to initially configure the
LAND-PAK radio modems. Configuration is almost
identical for both the base station and rover radio
modems, differing only in RF power output settings.
‡
‡
4-60
Refer to the supplied Satelline-3AS
user guide for additional information
on radio modem configuration.
After the initial configuration, generally
only the RF frequency and the base
station RF power output settings need
to be changed to accommodate job
needs. These settings are generally
changed using SurvCE software on
the Explorer 600+ data collector. Refer
to Chapter 5 SurvCE Software
Operation.
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Soft Keys
Figure 16: Radio Modem Soft Keys
By using the four soft keys below the LCD display, all
configurable settings are accessible through onscreen menus (see Figure 16).
The function of each soft key, which varies depending
on menu requirements, appears at the bottom of the
LCD display (see Table 10).
Table 10: Radio Modem Soft Key Functions
Soft Key
Function
CANCEL/BACK/EXIT: Cancel changes. Go
back to a previous screen. Exit the main
menu. Upon exiting the main menu, a
confirmation screen opens for saving or
discarding changes to settings.
UP/DOWN: Move through menus and
options. Change numerical values.
SETUP/SELECT/CHANGE/SET/NEXT:
Setup the radio modem configuration – the
main menu opens. Select a menu or option.
Change an option setting. Set changes. For
numerical values, move to the next digit.
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Operating Modes
The radio modems operate in data transfer mode by
default. Programming mode is used to configure the
radio modems.
„ Data Transfer Mode
In data transfer mode, which appears at power-up,
the LCD display shows the operating settings of the
radio modem, signal strength, and battery status (see
Figure 17).
Figure 17: LCD Display – Data Transfer Mode
„ Programming Mode
Programming mode is accessed from the data
transfer mode screen. Press the Setup soft key. The
programming mode main menu opens (see Figure
18). The cursor “>” indicates the active option.
Figure 18: LCD Display – Programming Mode
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Configuration
The sections following provide steps to configure
these radio menu items:
9 RF Frequency
9 RF Power Output (set for base station only)
9 Signal Threshold (set for rover only)
9 Addressing Settings
9 Serial Port Settings
9 Handshaking
9 Additional
Configure the base station radio modem. Then repeat
the configuration steps for the rover radio modem.
1. Power on the radio modem:
•
•
Base Station Radio Modem:
•
The LAND-PAK LM configuration (3ASd
Epic radio modem): There is no on/off
switch on the 3ASd Epic radio modem.
Connect the serial 15-Pin end of the
NavCom base cable to the female serial
connector on the bottom right of the radio
modem. Connect the LEMO 2-Pin end to
the bag battery (see Figure 11).
•
The LAND-PAK 869 configuration (3ASd
869 radio modem): Turn on the switch at
the top of the battery. The red LED
illuminates.
Rover Radio Modem:
•
The rover radio modems in the LAND-PAK
LM and 869 configurations use the same
type of battery. Turn on the switch at the
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
top of the battery. The red LED
illuminates.
‡
During this initial configuration, the
signal strength setting in data transfer
mode is blank (see Figure 19).
Figure 19: Data Transfer Mode
2. Access programming mode. Press the Setup soft
key (see Figure 19). The display temporarily
shows the radio modem model and the firmware
version. Then the main menu automatically
appears (see Figure 18).
‡
At any time during configuration, press
the Cancel/Back soft key to cancel
changes if necessary, to return to a
previous screen, or to exit the main
menu.
RF Frequency Configuration
Set the radio modems only to a
licensed frequency. It must comply
with local regulations.
‡
4-64
A label on both radios lists the initial
(center) frequency. The label is on the
front of the base station radio. It is on
the rear of the rover radio, above the
battery. The frequency can be set
within 1MHz of the center frequency,
at 25KHz increments.
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
1. Press the Select soft key to select RF frequency
from the main menu (see Figure 18). The
frequency of the active channel is displayed (see
Figure 20).
Figure 20: Active Channel
2. Press the Change soft key to change the
frequency. The center frequency is displayed with
a cursor pointing up to the first digit. The first digit
cannot be changed.
3. Set the radio modem to the licensed frequency:
a. Press the next soft key to move the cursor to
the next digit (see Figure 21).
Figure 21: Next Digit
b. Press the up or down arrow soft key to
change the value of the digit, if needed.
c. Repeat steps a and b above for each
configurable digit.
When the cursor is at the last configurable
digit, the Set option appears in the bottom
right of the LCD display (see Figure 22).
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Figure 22: Set Frequency
d. Change the value of the last configurable digit,
if needed.
e. Press the Set soft key to set the frequency
changes. Or, press the Cancel soft key to
cancel the changes.
•
If the frequency is set within the
acceptable range, a confirmation message
is displayed temporarily. Then the main
menu returns.
•
If the frequency is set outside the
acceptable range, an error message is
displayed temporarily. Then the main
menu returns. No change is made to the
center frequency. Repeat the RF
frequency configuration procedure to
change the frequency.
•
If the frequency changes are canceled, the
display returns to the main menu.
4. Continue to the next section, to configure the RF
power output.
RF Power Output
Perform this setting only on the base station radio
modem. If the rover radio modem is being configured,
go to the next section below, Signal Threshold.
1. Press the down arrow soft key to move the cursor
down the main menu to Radio settings (see
Figure 23).
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Figure 23: Main Menu – Radio Settings
2. Press the Select soft key to select Radio settings.
A submenu is displayed with the cursor at the
option, TX level (see Figure 24).
Figure 24: TX level option
3. Press the Change soft key to change the TX level.
A submenu is displayed with RF power output
settings. Figure 25 shows the RF power output
settings for the 3ASd Epic radio modem (the
LAND-PAK LM configuration).
Figure 25: RF Power Output Settings
4. Press the up or down arrow soft key to move the
cursor to a desired RF power output.
•
3ASd Epic radio modem (the LAND-PAK LM
configuration): The RF power output options
are 1, 2, 5, or 10 watts. The 10 watt setting
provides the maximum range and causes the
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
maximum discharge on the battery. Select a
lower setting for surveys over small areas.
•
3ASd 869 radio modem (the LAND-PAK 869
configuration): The RF power output options
are from 10 mW to 500 mW.
5. Press the Set soft key to set the RF power output.
The display returns to the submenu with the
cursor at TX level.
6. Press the Back soft key to return to the main menu.
Continue to the next section.
Signal Threshold
Perform this setting only on the rover radio modem. If
the base station radio modem is being configured, go
to the section below, Serial Port Settings.
1. Press the down arrow soft key to move the cursor
down the main menu to Radio settings (see
Figure 26).
Figure 26: Main Menu – Radio Settings
2. Press the Select soft key to select Radio settings.
A submenu is displayed with the cursor at the
option, TX level (see Figure 27).
Figure 27: Sig. Threshold option
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
3. Press the down arrow soft key to move the cursor
down the main menu to Sig. Threshold.
4. Press the Change soft key to change the Signal
Threshold level. A submenu is displayed with
available negative dBm settings.
a. Set the threshold to -116dBm.
•
This is equivalent to the Low threshold set
using SurvCE and should cause optimum
performance.
5. Press the Set soft key to set the threshold level.
The display returns to the submenu with the
cursor at TX level.
6. Press the Back soft key to return to the main
menu.
Addressing Settings
The Addressing remains at factory default with
everything set to Off.
Serial Port Settings
1. Press the down arrow soft key to move the cursor
down the main menu to Port 1 (see Figure 28).
Figure 28: Main Menu – Port 1 Setting
2. Press the Select soft key to select Port 1. A
submenu is displayed. The cursor points to the
status of Port 1. The default is ON. Do not change
the default.
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
3. Press the down arrow soft key to move the cursor
to the next setting on the submenu. It is for the
currently set baud rate (see Figure 29).
Figure 29: Baud Rate Setting
4. Press the Change soft key to change the baud
rate. A submenu appears with a list of baud rates.
5. Press the down arrow soft key to move the cursor
to 38400 bit/s (see Figure 30).
Figure 30: Baud Rate Setting Change
6. Press the Set soft key to set the baud rate to
38400 bit/s. The previous submenu returns with
38400 bit/s listed as the current baud rate.
‡
The SF-2040 GPS sensors’ RTK
corrections com port will be configured
to the same baud rate (see Figure 67).
7. Press the Back soft key once to return to the main
menu.
8. Continue to the next section.
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Handshaking
The Handshaking menu functions remain at the
default settings: CTS: Clear To Send, CD: RSSI, and
RTS: Ignored.
Additional
Error correction and error checking increase the
reliability of data transfer via radio modem.
‡
The receiver sensitivity is based on the
channel spacing of the radio modem
(data rate of the radio interface) and the
mode of the FEC (forward error
correction) as indicated in the table
below. This radio is typically operated at
25 kHz channel spacing.
Table 11: FEC Signal Thresholds
Channel
Spacing
FEC Off
FEC On
25 kHz
-110 dBm
-113 dBm
20 kHz
-112 dBm
-115 dBm
12.5 kHz
-112 dBm
-115 dBm
The setting for error correction must
be the same on all radio modems that
will communicate with each other. If
the transmitting radio modem and the
receiving radio modem have different
settings, data will not be received
correctly.
1. Press the down arrow soft key to move the cursor
down the main menu to Additional (see Figure
31).
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Figure 31: Main Menu – Additional Setting
2. Press the Select soft key to select Additional.
a. A submenu is displayed. The cursor points to
Error corr.
Refer to Figure 32 and Figure 33 for the steps below.
3. Press the Change soft key to turn error correction
ON.
4. Press the down arrow soft key to move the cursor
down the submenu to Error check.
5. Press the Change soft key to turn error checking
ON.
Figure 32: Error Correction and Error Checking
6. Press the down arrow soft key to move the cursor
down the submenu to SL-commands.
a. On the both the base and rover radio, set
SL-commands to ON by pressing the Change
key.
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Figure 33: SL-Commands and Priority
7. Press the down arrow soft key to move the cursor
down the submenu to Priority.
a. On the Base radio, set Priority to TX by
pressing the Change key.
b. On the Rover radio, Set Priority to RX by
pressing the Change key.
The radio operates in Half-duplex (simplex)
mode. The base radio can always be
communicated with via SurvCE, regardless of
it’s transmit state. However, the rover must
not be receiving corrections from the base
when attempting to program the rover via
SurvCE. This may necessitate turning the
base radio off during programming, or at
minimum, removing temporarily the rover
antenna (which may or may-not completely
remove the base signal)
8. Press the Back soft key twice. Save changes? is
displayed (see Figure 34).
Figure 34: Save Changes
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
9. Press the soft key to select the Yes option. All the
configuration changes are saved. The display
returns to the setup screen. (see Figure 17).
10. Perform one of the following steps:
•
Repeat the sections above, except for RF
Power Output, to configure the rover radio
modem.
•
If both the base station and rover radio
modems have been configured, verify
communication between the radios. Power on
both radio modems. The CD LED illuminates
on both radios to indicate carrier detect.
Base Station Test Setup
This section provides steps to correctly and safely set
up the base station. It is important to select an open
area for the test setup.
An outdoor setup requires the transport of the base
transit case and the base bag, both of which contain
all the base station equipment.
The base station tripod leg points may
damage soft materials, including
indoor carpets.
1. Find a safe, open, and flat location to setup the
base station.
The following steps use equipment from the base
bag:
2. Unbuckle the strap that holds the tripod legs
together. Store the strap in the base bag.
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
3. Open the tripod legs until the tripod is stable. Use
the tripod leg levers and the tripod wing screws to
adjust the height and secure the tripod (see
Figure 35). Leveling the tripod by eye is sufficient.
Figure 35: Base Station Tripod – Leg Adjustments
Figure 36: Base Station Tripod
Refer to Figure 36 for the steps below:
4. Remove the tripod cap by unscrewing the tribrach
fastener.
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Use the two Allen wrenches (4mm and/or 5mm,
respectively) on the top plate of the tripod to
tighten the hex screws at the top of the tripod if
needed.
5. Store the two Allen wrenches in the base bag,
and discard the protective paper cover.
Figure 37: Mounting Tribrach & Tribrach Adapter
Refer to Figure 37 for the steps below:
6. Mount the tribrach to the top of the tripod as
follows:
•
Position the tribrach so it fits evenly on the top
plate and is flat.
•
Screw the tribrach fastener into the tribrach
until it is secure.
‡
The tribrach has a leveling bubble and
three adjustment knobs to make fine
adjustments.
7. Mount the tribrach adapter into the three holes of
the tribrach, and then lock it in place by turning
down the knob on the side of the tribrach.
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
‡
OPTIONAL STEP: Screw the pole
extension into the tribrach adapter. The
pole extension provides easier access to
the connectors and exchange of the
batteries on the SF-2040 GIS PM Sensor.
The pole extension is in the base bag.
Figure 38: Mounting the Radio Antenna Bracket
Refer to Figure 38 for the steps below:
8. Mount the radio antenna bracket to the tripod:
a. Unscrew the rear knob of the bracket and
remove the rear plate.
b. Place the bracket against the opening on a
tripod leg.
‡
Do not mount the bracket to the tripod
leg on which the shoulder strap is
attached.
c. At the back of the tripod leg, place the rear
plate through the bracket screw.
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
d. Turn the knob onto the bracket screw until the
bracket is secure.
Over tightening may cause damage to
the tripod leg finish.
9. Level the bracket by eye. Loosen the knob on the
side of the bracket to make the adjustment. This
ensures that the radio antenna pole will be vertical
when mounted.
Figure 39: Mounting the Antenna and Cable
Refer to Figure 39 for the steps below:
10. Screw the antenna adapter to the top of the radio
antenna pole.
The following steps use equipment from the base
transit case:
11. Screw the radio modem antenna to the antenna
adapter on the top of the radio antenna pole.
12. Connect the straight male TNC connector end of
the RG58/U radio antenna cable to the bottom of
the antenna adapter.
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
13. Extend the radio antenna pole to the maximum
height possible.
‡
Extending the radio antenna pole
increases the radio modem range,
isolates the sensor signals from the
radio modem, and avoids radiation
hazard.
To avoid radiation hazard when
performing a survey, user and
bystanders’ heads must be more than
25cm (10 inches) away from the
transmitting antenna (see Figure 40).
Figure 40: Avoiding Radiation Hazard
14. Screw the radio antenna pole onto the round
mounting plate of the radio antenna bracket (see
Figure 38). Make sure that there are no
obstructions overhead.
15. Attach the bag bracket to the 3ASd EPIC radio
bag (the LAND-PAK LM configuration). The bag
bracket is in the base transit case below the 3ASd
EPIC radio modem.
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
‡
The LAND-PAK 869 configuration: the
bag bracket is already attached to the
3ASd 869 radio modem bag.
Figure 41: Mounting the Radio and Bag Battery
Refer to Figure 41 for the steps below:
16. Using the strap and the bracket on the radio bag,
mount the radio modem to the tripod leg above
the radio antenna bracket.
17. The LAND-PAK LM configuration only: Hang the
12V 8Ah bag battery in a safe and secure position
on the tripod, within easy access of the 3ASd
EPIC radio modem.
18. Connect the right angle male TNC connector end
of the radio antenna cable to the top left female
TNC connector of the 3ASd EPIC radio modem
(see Figure 42).
The TNC connector on the right
(above the display) is used for
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
diversity receive only, which is not
used in this application. Connecting to
this port will prevent RTK corrections
being broadcast to the rover.
‡
The LAND-PAK 869 configuration:
The 3ASd 869 radio modem has only
one female TNC connector on the top.
Figure 42: Mounting Cable to the Radio Modem
19. Insert the two lithium-ion
battery packs into the SF2040 GIS PM Sensor.
Refer to Chapter 3 Battery
Charging for details on
battery pack installation.
20. Screw the sensor onto the
antenna pole extension, if
mounted, or onto the
tribrach adapter. When
securing the sensor, make
sure that the front display
faces the radio modem for
easy access.
Figure 43: Mounting Base SF-2040
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
COM2
Figure 44: NavCom Base Cable Connections
Refer to Figure 44 for the steps below:
21. Connect the NavCom base cable (the LAND-PAK
LM configuration):
•
Connect the serial 15-Pin end of the cable to
the female serial connector on the bottom
right of the radio modem.
•
Connect the LEMO 7-Pin end of the cable to
COM 2 of the SF-2040 GIS PM Sensor.
‡
‡
The LEMO 2-Pin power connector end
of the cable is not used in this
procedure.
The LAND-PAK 869 configuration:
Use the NavCom DB-9 cable to
connect the 3ASd 869 radio modem to
COM 2 of the SF-2040 GIS PM
Sensor.
22. This concludes the base station test setup.
Carefully, disassemble the base station, and
repack all the equipment into the base transit
case and base bag.
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Rover Test Setup
This section provides the steps to correctly and safely
set up the rover. It is important to select an open area
for the test setup.
An outdoor setup requires the transport of the rover
transit case and the rover bag, both of which contain
all the rover equipment.
‡
The outer section of the rover pole is
carbon fiber. The inner extension is
aluminum, with dual graduations in
feet and meters.
The rover pole and bipod leg points
may damage soft materials, including
indoor carpets.
Over tightening attachments to the
carbon fiber of the rover pole may
cause damage.
The bipod is intended to make
installation easier, but it is not as
stable as a tripod.
1. Find a safe, open, and flat location to setup the
rover.
The following steps use equipment from the rover
bag:
2. Remove the strap that holds together the bipod
legs. Store the strap in the rover bag.
3. Position the bipod upright on the floor or ground.
Do not open the bipod legs.
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Figure 45: Mounting the Rover Pole to the Bipod
Refer to Figure 45 for the steps below:
4. Loosen the clamping knob in the bracket at the
top of the bipod.
5. Place the rover pole vertically in the bracket and
tighten the knob. Do not over tighten.
Figure 46: Rover Pole and Bipod
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Refer to Figure 46 for the steps below:
6. Adjust the rover pole and bipod assembly:
a. Pivot the bipod legs out.
b. Adjust the height of the bipod legs. With the
leg points on the floor or ground, press the
bipod thumb releases and lift up. At the
desired height, release the thumb releases.
If the bipod legs are suspended when
the thumb releases are pressed, the
legs drop quickly, and the leg points
may cause damage.
c. Adjust the rover pole and bipod assembly until
it is stable. It does not have to be level.
Figure 47: Mounting the Carlson Explorer 600+
Refer to Figure 47 for the steps below:
7. Mount the cradle for the Carlson Explorer 600+:
•
Loosen the knob on the small cradle clamp.
•
Mount the small cradle clamp to the carbon
fiber section of the rover pole, near the top
bracket. The rover setup is more stable if the
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
radio modem and Carlson Explorer bisect the
bipod legs by shifting the offset weight to the
same side as the bipod legs. Tighten the
knob. Do not over tighten.
The following steps use equipment from the rover
transit case:
8. Mount the Carlson Explorer 600+ to the cradle
clamp below the LCD display. Verify the Explorer
600+ is secure.
Figure 48: Mounting Radio Modem
Refer to Figure 48 for the steps below:
9. Screw the radio modem antenna to the female
TNC connector on the top of the 3ASd radio
modem.
10. Using the strap and the clamp on the radio bag,
mount the 3ASd radio modem to the rover pole
below the Carlson Explorer 600+ cradle. The
rover setup is more stable if the radio modem
bisects the bipod legs by shifting the offset weight
to the same side as the bipod legs.
11. Insert the two lithium-ion battery packs into the
SF-2040 GIS PM Sensor. Refer to Chapter 3
Battery Charging for details.
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12. Screw the sensor onto the rover pole. When
securing the sensor, make sure that the front
display faces the radio modem for easy access.
COM2
Figure 49: NavCom Rover Cable Connections
Refer to Figure 49 for the steps below:
13. Connect the NavCom rover radio modem cable:
•
Connect the serial 9-Pin end of the cable to
the female serial connector on the bottom of
the radio modem.
•
Connect the LEMO 7-Pin end of the cable to
COM 2 of the SF-2040 GIS PM Sensor.
14. Extend the aluminum extension of the rover pole
to the maximum height possible.
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Figure 50: Rover Pole Knob and Locking Pin
Refer to Figure 50 for the steps below:
15. Tighten the rover pole knob to secure the pole
extension. If extended to 1.8 m, 2 m, or 2.2 m,
also insert the attached locking pin into the
extension hole.
‡
Extending the rover pole isolates the
sensor signals from the radio modem.
And reduces the possibility of satellite
signal blockage by passing
pedestrians or vehicles.
16. This concludes the rover test setup. Carefully,
disassemble the rover attachments, and repack
all the equipment into the rover transit case and
rover bag.
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Chapter 5 ......SurvCE Software Operation
This chapter provides an introduction to the basic
operation of the LAND-PAK using Carlson SurvCE
Software on the Explorer 600+ data collector. After
the system is set up as described in Chapter 4
Function Test Setup, follow the Getting Started
section which follows to initialize the system and
begin collecting measured positions in three
dimensions.
The settings in this chapter are suggested for a
typical RTK survey, in which:
9 The base receiver is setup on an unknown point
9 A navigation position in WGS84 is assigned to the
base point to support real time positioning in the
satellite coordinate system
9 A coordinate system is established for the project
by assigning an assumed grid coordinate to the
base point
‡
Refer to the supplied Carlson SurvCE
manual for additional information.
Overview
File Types
SurvCE creates a number of files for supporting a
project in the field. Two primary files are created to
manage each project. The coordinate file appended
with .crd contains the measured or computed
coordinates for the job, and the raw data file
appended with .rw5 contains the survey
measurement details.
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File Management
The Carlson X-Port utility is an office application used
to convert files and communicate with the Explorer
600+ as described in Chapter 6 Data Transfer. Text
files containing coordinates can be converted to a
.crd format and transferred to or from the Explorer
600+. A geoid file can be created and transferred to
the Explorer 600+.
SurvCE Window Icons
Icon
Table 12: SurvCE Window Icons
Description
Hot List Menu – Tap the icon to access help
and other menu options. The options vary
depending on the SurvCE window that is
open.
Accept
Cancel
Return
Battery Status
GPS Base Mode – Tap the icon to access
the mode menu, which includes the options,
GPS Rover mode and GPS Simulation.
Map View – Toggle between the open
window and Map View.
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Getting Started
Create A New Job
LEMO 7-Pin
Connector
Female 9-Pin
Serial
Connector
Figure 51: Coiled Serial Cable
1. For this initial operation of the LAND-PAK,
connect the Explorer 600+ controller to COM1
(the LAND-PAK control port) of the base station
SF-2040 GPS sensor. Use the supplied 6 ft.
coiled serial cable (see Figure 51).
‡
If wireless connectivity is desired in
the future, refer to Appendix C for the
configuration of the TruBlu™ module.
Figure 52: Desktop with SurvCE Icon
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2. Boot up the Explorer 600+ desktop (see
Figure 52).
3. Double tap the SurvCE icon on the Explorer 600+
desktop. The SurvCE job selection box opens in
front of the main menu (see Figure 53).
Figure 53: SurvCE Job Selection Box
4. Tap the Select New/Existing Job button to create
a new file (job). The Coordinate Files window
opens (see Figure 54).
‡
Select File > Job to access the
Coordinate Files window from the
main menu.
Figure 54: Coordinate Files Window
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5. Create a new coordinate file. Enter the file name
in the Name field. Tap
to save the file. The
.crd extension is appended automatically.
‡
‡
Coordinate files are stored in the
\SystemCF\Data folder to avoid data
loss in case of a system failure.
Folders may be created for organizing
jobs.
Points are stored in coordinate files.
During a search for points, SurvCE
first looks in a *.crd file. Then,
depending on settings, looks in a
designated control file.
Job Settings
Figure 55: File Menu – Job Settings
1. Select File > Job Settings to configure data
collection options that will remain set from job to
job (see Figure 55). The Job Settings submenu
opens (see Figure 56).
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2. Check the Prompt for Units option to be prompted
at the start of a new job to set the units for the job
(see Figure 56).
Figure 56: Job Settings Submenu – New Job Tab
Refer to Figure 57 for the steps below:
3. Tap the System tab.
Figure 57: Job Settings Submenu – System Tab
4. Select the appropriate settings:
•
5-94
Distance: Set the units to be used on a job,
US Feet, International Feet, or Metric. If US
Feet or International Feet are selected, set the
units as Decimal Feet or Feet and Inches
(Inches).
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
‡
•
‡
Distance is a display property only. It
does not change the format of the
data recorded to the raw file.
Angle: Set degrees (360 degree circle, 60
seconds to a minute, 60 minutes to a degree)
or gons \ grads (a 400 unit circle fully
decimal). In other words, an angle of
397.9809 gons is equivalent to 358 degrees,
10 minutes and 58 seconds.
The Angle setting affects commands
where a direction is displayed or
entered, such as Inverse, Traverse,
Sideshot, Input-Edit Centerline.
•
Zero Azimuth Setting: Select the direction for
zero azimuth, North or South.
•
Projection: Select a coordinate projection for
the area of the survey from the drop-down list.
If the needed projection is not in the dropdown list, tap the Edit Projection List button.
The Coordinate Projection window opens (see
Figure 58).
Figure 58: Coordinate Projection Window
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Add a predefined or user defined coordinate
projection. Tap the arrow button in the top right of
the window. The System tab returns with the
added projection selected in the drop-down list.
Refer to Figure 59 for the steps below:
5. Tap the Format tab.
Figure 59: Job Settings Submenu – Format Tab
6. Select the appropriate settings.
‡
‡
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Angle Entry and Display: This option
applies to numerous commands, such
as prompting and displays in Sideshot
Traverse, Intersections and Inverse.
Distance Observation Display and
Slope Entry and Display apply to total
stations.
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Refer to Figure 60 for the steps below:
7. Tap the Options tab.
Figure 60: Job Settings Submenu – Options Tab
8. Check only the options listed below. De-select all
other options.
•
Time Stamp Each Point: Saves a date/time
stamp in the raw data file (*.rw5).
•
Store GPS Accuracy in Raw File: Saves the
horizontal and vertical RMS in the raw file and
in the note field. This data provides a record of
the precision of the measurements.
•
Use Code Table for Descriptions: Refer to the
Carlson SurvCE manual for instructions. This
option is useful for assignment of attributes
and controlling how features are plotted.
‡
Check the Use Control File option to
access points in a file imported to the
Explorer 600+ controller to support the
job. The Select File button becomes
active. Tap the button. The Coordinate
Files window opens. Select the
necessary control file.
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‡
To create a control file, convert a text
file to a *.crd file in the X-Port utility.
Then use the utility to import the file to
the Explorer 600+. Refer to Chapter 6
Data Transfer.
The control file might contain the
calculated record boundary
coordinates for a survey to be retraced
or points to be staked for construction.
Another method is to transfer an
ASCII/Text file to the Explorer 600+.
Then use the command, File >
Import/Export > Import ASCii File, to
convert the text file to a .crd file.
Refer to Figure 61 for the steps below:
9. Tap the Stake tab.
Figure 61: Job Settings Submenu – Stake Tab
10. Check only the options:
•
‡
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Store Data to Note File: Stores the stakeout
data in the note file (*.not) for the current job.
At the end of staking out a point, there
is an option to store the staked
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
coordinates in the current job. Note
files are associated with points, so the
point must be stored to also store the
cutsheet note. This additional data
includes the target coordinates for
reference. Keep in mind that the cut
and fill data is also stored in the raw
file, plus an ASCII cutsheet file can be
stored using the button at the bottom
of the Stake tab, so storing into the
note file is somewhat redundant.
•
Control File Points have Priority for Stakeout:
Check this option if the points to be staked
were loaded as a separate file and designated
as a control file.
GPS Base Setup
Figure 62: Equip Menu – GPS Base
1. Select Equip > GPS Base to configure the GPS
Base for RTK/Static surveys (see Figure 62). The
GPS Base submenu opens (see Figure 63).
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2. At the Manufacturer drop-down list, select
NavCom (see Figure 63).
Figure 63: GPS Base Submenu – Current Tab
3. Tap the Comms tab. View this tab to gain
awareness of the options. Do not change any of
the default settings (see Figure 64).
‡
If wireless connectivity is desired in
the future, refer to Appendix C, TruBlu
Configuration for the appropriate
wireless Comms tab settings.
Figure 64: GPS Base Submenu – Comms Tab
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Refer to Figure 65 for the steps below:
4. Tap the Receiver tab.
Figure 65: GPS Base Submenu – Receiver Tab
5. Set the options:
•
Antenna Type: [NAVCOMSF2040G] GIS
•
Antenna Height: Enter the height in the
current job units, and select Slant. Take the
slant height measurement at the center of the
black ring around the top of the receiver.
‡
•
‡
If working in feet, the height can be
checked by measuring in meters. Tap
the Antenna Height field. Enter the
height in meters, for instance 2.000m.
Tap outside the field. The meters are
converted to feet.
Elevation Mask: Enter the cutoff vertical angle
above the horizon. For any satellites below
this angle, no data will be transmitted to the
rover for use in calculating positions.
The recommended setting for the
base receiver is 5 degrees; however,
the height of on-site obstructions will
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
dictate this setting. Collecting poor
data (i.e. through trees) at the base
will unknowingly degrade the
performance of the rover.
•
‡
Position Rate: The position update rate to
transmit the position to the rover. Keep the 1
Hz default. It displays one reading per second.
(The 5 Hz setting is 5 times per second.)
USER Antenna Suggestion: Create a
USER antenna type so that the slant
height measurement can be taken at
the bottom of the battery casing which
is coincidental with the Antenna
Reference point (ARP) as shown on
the NGS Antenna Models web site.
Tap the List button on the Receiver tab (see
Figure 65). The Define Antenna window
opens. Tap New and the next available USER
antenna is displayed. Enter in the Description
and parameters for the Radius from center,
the height above the NGS calibrated Antenna
Reference Point (ARP) called the SHMP, and
the L1 and L2 Phase Center height above the
ARP (see Figure 66). Tap
.
Figure 66: USER Antenna Type
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Refer to Figure 67 for the settings below:
6. Tap the RTK tab.
Figure 67: GPS Base Submenu – RTK Tab
7. Set the options:
•
Device: Satel
•
Baud: 38400
•
Base ID: Enter any combination of numbers to
create a unique base ID, if desired. The rover
radio modem must be set to the identical ID or
0 to accept corrections from any available
reference station.
‡
The ID isolates the base and rover
radio modems. It avoids cross talk
between the rover radio modem and
any other base radio modems in the
area that may be set to the same
frequency.
8. Tap the
button on the RTK tab. The
Configure Satel Radio window opens (see Figure
68).
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Figure 68: Configure Satel Radio Window
Refer to Figure 68 for the settings below:
9. Set the power and channel (frequency) options for
the base radio modem as needed.
•
3ASd Epic radio modem (the LAND-PAK LM
configuration): The RF power output options
are 1, 2, 5, or 10 watts. The 10 watt setting
provides the maximum range and causes the
maximum discharge on the battery. Select a
lower setting for surveys over small areas.
•
3ASd 869 radio modem (the LAND-PAK 869
configuration): The RF power output options
are from 10 to 500 mW.
10. Set the Squelch to Low (recommended).
to accept the settings. The GPS Base
11. Tap
submenu returns (see Figure 67).
to accept all the settings made on the
12. Tap
tabs of the GPS Base submenu. The Base
Configuration window opens (see Figure 69).
13. Continue to the next section to assign a geodetic
position to the base station for computing relative
GPS positions between the base and rover.
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Assign a Base Position
Figure 69: From New Position Options
14. Tap the Read From GPS button. The Average
GPS window opens (see Figure 70).
‡
The Read From GPS option is often
used on a new project using a local
coordinate system.
Figure 70: Average GPS Window
15. Enter the number of autonomous navigation
solutions to be averaged at the base receiver.
‡
A navigation solution is basically a
resection from the satellites. If the
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
base has not been operating for
several minutes with the GPS LED
illuminated green, it is recommended
to continue collecting data for one
minute or more. This will result in a
seed position for the base usually
better than 10 feet. If the WAAS
correction is being received the
position will usually be better than 3
feet. If a Starfire correction is being
received the position will approach 0.3
feet after 30-45 minutes. When
working in a local coordinate system
(not SPC) it is not necessary to know
the precise geodetic position.
to accept the settings. An average of the
16. Tap
number of positions is taken. The Base
Configuration window opens to display the
position (see Figure 71).
Figure 71: Base Configuration Window
17. Tap the Yes button to continue with the base
setup. Tap the No button to return to the previous
screen to change the number of autonomous
navigation solutions to be averaged at the base
receiver.
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18. Save the job. If desired, select the option to also
save the position in a reference file (*.ref). The
reference file will be available for recall on
subsequent surveys.
‡
Refer to Appendix B, Additional Base
Position Options, for additional options
to select when assigning a base
position.
Verify GPS Base Setup
19. Verify the base setup. From the main menu,
select EQUIP > GPS Utilities. On the submenu
that opens, tap the Check RTK button. If there is a
problem, an error message is displayed. Refer to
the supplied Carlson Explorer 600+ user manual
for further information.
The GPS Base Setup for RTK Surveys is complete.
20. Continue to the next section.
Static Data Collection
Appendix D Static Data Collection provides
instructions for static data collection, which involves
two basic steps:
9 Collect static observations for post-processing to
compute a static network tie. For example, this
might involve computing a position from CORS
using the NGS OPUS process.
9 Download a static data file after the desired
elapsed collection period.
1. Collect static data. Perform the steps in the
Collect Static Data section of Appendix D.
Do not download a static data file. The base GPS
receiver will collect and store data while the user
continues with this initial setup of the LAND-PAK.
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2. After completing the steps in the Collect Static
Data section of Appendix D, continue to the next
section, GPS Rover Setup.
GPS Rover Setup
1. Do not exit SurvCE.
2. Disconnect the Explorer 600+ from the base GPS.
a. Remove the LEMO 7-Pin end of the coiled
serial cable (see Figure 51) from COM1.
•
Do not remove the female 9-pin serial
connector end of the cable from the Explorer
600+.
3. Connect the Explorer 600+ to the rover GPS.
a. Connect the LEMO 7-Pin end of the coiled
serial cable to COM1 of the rover GPS.
Figure 72: Equip Menu – GPS Rover
4. Select Equip > GPS Rover to configure the GPS
Rover for RTK/Static surveys (see Figure 72). The
GPS Rover submenu opens (see Figure 73). It
has four tabs similar to the GPS Base submenu.
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5. At the Manufacturer drop-down list, select
NavCom (see Figure 73).
Figure 73: GPS Rover Submenu – Current Tab
6. Tap the Comms tab. View this tab to gain
awareness of the options. Do not change any of
the default settings (see Figure 74).
‡
If wireless connectivity is desired in
the future, refer to Appendix C, TruBlu
Configuration for the appropriate
wireless Comms tab settings.
Figure 74: GPS Rover Submenu – Comms Tab
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Refer to Figure 75 for the steps below:
7. Tap the Receiver tab.
Figure 75: GPS Rover Submenu – Receiver Tab
8. Set the options:
•
‡
•
‡
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Antenna Type: [NAVCOMSF2040G]
If preferred, create a USER antenna
type so that the slant height
measurement can be taken at the
bottom outside edge of the battery
casing on the SF-2040 which is
coincidental with the Antenna
Reference point (ARP) per the NGS
Antenna Model. Refer to the GPS
Base Setup section above for
instructions on how to create a USER
antenna.
Antenna Height: Enter the height in the
current job units, and select Slant. Take the
slant height measurement at the center of the
black ring around the top of the receiver.
If working in feet, the height can be
verified. Tap the Antenna Height field.
Enter the height in meters, for
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
instance 2.000m. Tap outside the
field. The meters are converted to
feet.
‡
•
‡
•
‡
The correction for a 5 foot slant to
vertical measurement to the bottom
outside edge of the battery case on
the SF-2040 is 0.01 feet.
Elevation Mask: Enter the cutoff vertical angle
above the horizon. For any satellites below
this angle no data will be processed at the
Rover for use in calculating positions.
The recommended setting for the
rover receiver is 15 degrees. If it is
necessary for the rover to connect to
more satellites, its elevation mask can
be set as low as the Base. However,
the lower setting may result in more
noise and less accurate positioning.
Be aware that solid obstructions will
block a signal, and foliage will
attenuate a signal resulting in
degraded position quality.
Position Rate: The position update rate to
read the position of the rover. Keep the 1 Hz
default. It displays one reading per second.
(The 5 Hz setting is 5 times per second.)
Set the Position Rate on the rover
identical to the setting on the base.
Doing so, reduces post-processing
complexity. The position rate may be
set to 10 seconds (for example) and a
short static session, then reset to 1
second and continue with RTK data
collection.
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Refer to Figure 76 for the steps below:
9. Tap the RTK tab.
Figure 76: GPS Rover Submenu – RTK Tab
10. Set the options:
•
Device: Satel
•
Baud: 38400
•
Base ID: If a Base ID is assigned to the base
station, enter the exact same ID, or the rover
will not receive transmissions.
•
Use Any Base ID: If desired, check this option
to permit the rover radio modem to receive
communications from any available base that
is transmitting on the same frequency.
11. Tap the
button on the RTK tab.
12. The Configure Satel Radio window opens (see
Figure 77). Set the Channel frequency for the
rover radio modem as needed. Set the Squelch to
Medium or High to maintain the best correction
data integrity.
‡
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Do not change the RF power output,
as the rover is not transmitting.
LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Figure 77: Configure Satel Radio Window
13. Tap
to accept the settings. The GPS Rover
submenu returns (see Figure 76).
to accept all the settings made on the
14. Tap
tabs of the GPS Rover submenu. The SurvCE
main menu returns (see Figure 72).
Verify GPS Rover Setup
15. Verify the rover setup. From the main menu,
select EQUIP > GPS Utilities. On the submenu
that opens, tap the Check RTK button. If there is a
problem, an error message will be displayed.
Refer to the supplied Carlson Explorer 600+ user
manual for further information.
The GPS Rover Setup is complete.
Do not perform static data collection for the rover
GPS. If desired in the future, refer to Appendix D
Static Data Collection for instructions.
‡
Static data is collected at the rover for
post processing to obtain a greater
precision than RTK or when outside
the radio range of the base
16. Continue to the next section.
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GPS Utilities
This section provides an awareness of utilities to
check RTK operation or reset the GPS.
Figure 78: Equip Menu – GPS Utilities
1. Select Equip > GPS Utilities (see Figure 78). The
GPS Utilities window opens (see Figure 79).
‡
The available GPS utilities depend on
the capabilities of the GPS. If a
StarFire™ license is not active, the
Quickstart button is not available.
Figure 79: GPS Utilities Submenu Options
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Refer to Figure 79 for the options below:
2. Select an option, as necessary:
•
Configure RTK Device: Configure the power,
channel and squelch on the Satel radio
modem (see Figure 68). This option is the
same as RTK Configure in the base and rover
setups above.
•
Check RTK: Determine if the receiver is
operating properly. If there is problem, a
message is displayed.
•
Quickstart (StarFire™ Only): Perform a
Quickstart from a previously saved ITRF 2000
position.
‡
Starfire™ corrections often take some
time to acquire high levels of
accuracy. If the user plans to return to
a previously surveyed area, the user
can save time by storing a known
position to a reference file (*.ref). Then
the user can initialize the Starfire
system with this position upon
returning to the site by performing a
Quickstart.
•
Reset Receiver: Perform a soft reset of the
GPS receiver. This is the same as cycling the
front panel power switch.
•
Factory Reset: Reset the GPS receiver to
factory defaults. A warning message appears:
“Drastic measure, will take 15 minutes to
recover.”
•
Power On Receiver: Does not apply to the
NavCom SF-2040 receiver.
3. Continue to the next section.
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Monitor/Skyplot
This section provides an awareness of the SurvCE
submenu to monitor the status of the GPS solution,
quality of the position, dilution of precision, and
satellite status.
Figure 80: Equip Menu – Monitor/Skyplot
1. Select Equip > Monitor/Skyplot (see Figure 80).
The Monitor/Skyplot submenu opens (see Figure
81).
Figure 81: Monitor/Skyplot Submenu – Quality
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The Quality tab provides (see Figure 81):
•
Status:
•
Autonomous: No radio communication
between base and rover. Accuracy <10 feet
usually.
•
Float: Communication has been established,
but ambiguities have not been resolved.
•
Fixed: Position has been resolved. Accuracy
at the centimeter level, more or less.
•
Satellites: The number of satellites in radio
communication.
•
HRMS (Horizontal Root Mean Square) and VRMS
(Vertical Root Mean Square): Indications of the
precision, not the accuracy, of the solution.
•
The Dilution of Precision (DOP) indicates the
geometry of the satellites with respect to the
solution for the Horizontal Position (HDOP),
Vertical Position (VDOP), 3 Dimensional Position
(PDOP), Time (TDOP), and Position and Time
(GDOP). Generally, a PDOP of 5 or less is
preferred. A minimum of 5 satellites are required
to obtain a moving RTK solution and a minimum
of 4 are required to maintain the solution with an
acceptable PDOP.
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2. Tap the Position tab to view the current position
and status of the GPS receiver (see Figure 82).
Figure 82: Monitor/Skyplot Submenu – Position
3. Tap the SATView tab to view the spatial
orientation of the satellite constellation above the
horizon (see Figure 83). The cross-hairs in the
center of the display represent the receiver’s
position relative to the satellites from a zenith
view-point.
Figure 83: Monitor/Skyplot Submenu – SATView
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4. Tap the SATInfo tab to view the pseudo-range
number (PRN), the azimuth (AZI), and the
elevation (ELV) of each satellite above the
horizon. This information is helpful to identify
satellite locations relative to obstructions (i.e.,
trees).
Figure 84: Monitor/Skyplot Submenu – SATInfo
5. Continue to the next section.
Configure
Figure 85: Equip Menu – Configure
1. Select Equip > Configure to configure options that
apply to observations taken in the field (see
Figure 85). These options remain set from job to
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job. The Configure submenu opens (see Figure
86).
‡
The Sets tab is not applicable to GPS.
The Receiver and RTK tabs are
provided on the Configure submenu
as a convenience. They are the same
as the Receiver and RTK tabs
described in the GPS Base Setup and
GPS Rover Setup sections above.
Figure 86: Configure Submenu – General Tab
Refer to Figure 86 for the step below:
2. Check only the options listed below. De-select all
other options.
•
Store Fixed Only (GPS): Assures a centimeter
position. Only data gathered in the Fixed
(locked) status will be stored to the point file. If
an attempt is made to store data when the
receiver is not fixed, this message appears:
Position is not fixed! Continue storing? Select
Yes, No, or Store when fixed.
•
Prompt for Height & Description: Activates a
window to open after each shot to enter the
target height and description.
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•
‡
Prompt for Point Notes: Activates the Notes
window to open after collecting a point to
enter a point note.
A regular point consists of a point ID
(number or alphanumeric), northing,
easting, elevation, and description (up
to 32 characters). Point Notes are a
way to add an unlimited number of
lines of text to a point. The notes are
stored in a file with the same name as
the coordinate file, but with a .not
extension. For example, a job called
topo.crd would have a note file called
topo.not.
•
3D Mode: Activates 3D mode. If this option is
not checked, 2D mode is active. In 2D mode,
all elevations are stored as 0.0.
Refer to Figure 87 for the steps below:
3. Tap the View Pt tab.
Figure 87: Configure Submenu – View Pt Tab
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4. Select the settings:
•
Method: The desired direction and orientation
for moving the rover to a stake out point.
•
Ref. Object: Instrument
•
Directions From: Rod
Tolerances
Figure 88: Equip Menu – Tolerances
1. Select Equip > Tolerances to set tolerances for
data collection (see Figure 88). If the established
tolerances are exceeded, a warning is displayed.
The Tolerances submenu opens (see Figure 89).
Figure 89: Tolerances Submenu Options
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2. Enter appropriate tolerances for HRMS, VRMS,
and Stakeout (see Figure 89 for examples).
Survey Menu (Measuring Point Positions)
This section provides guidance on the use of Carlson
SurvCE to measure point positions (Store Points) and
stakeout selected points.
„ Store PTS
Store Points is the principle data collection routine for
GPS equipment (see Figure 90).
9 Store Points interacts with numerous settings,
including the feature codes, and draws line work.
9 The Store Points window in GPS shows the
cursor moving on the screen in real-time. The
screen pans automatically to keep the user
always in view.
9 Points plot on the screen as shots are taken.
9 If preferred, points may be stored using a text
interface.
Figure 90: Store Points Interface
The icons on the left of the Store PTS interface are
for zooming and panning. For GPS, coordinates,
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status (Fixed, Float, Autonomous) and HRMS and
VRMS accuracy estimates are displayed at all times.
Icon
Table 13: Store Points Interface Icons
Description
Store Points – Tap this icon or press the
Enter key on the Explorer 600+ to store
points.
If the height and description prompt are not
turned on, enter antenna height, description,
or point ID changes prior to taking the shot.
Average – Set the number of readings to
average. After the readings are taken, a
window displays the range and standard
deviation of the readings.
With GPS, since shots tend to cluster around
the true point location, it may add to the
precision to Average 10 or more GPS
readings when taking measurements.
Offset – Set offset reading options, including
options for keyed-in offsets as well as offsets
taken by laser devices.
Configure – Configure options that apply to
field observations, including enabling the
after-shot antenna height and description
prompt. Refer to the Configure section above
for more information.
Monitor/Skyplot – Monitor the status of the
GPS solution, quality of the position, dilution
of precision, and satellite status. Refer to the
Monitor/Skyplot section above for more
information.
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Store Points
Figure 91: Survey Menu – Store Points
1. Select Survey > Store Points (see Figure 91). The
Store Pts graphical interface opens (see Figure
90).
2. Collect desired points/positions.
The LAND-PAK is now setup and operating to the
point of collecting positions with RTK. After the
desired elapsed period, refer to the Download Static
Data File section of Appendix D for instructions to
download the static data file from the base GPS.
Additional SurvCE options most useful for producing
survey results are described briefly in the section
which follows. Refer to the Carlson SurvCE manual
for detailed instructions.
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Additional SurvCE Options
Localization
Figure 92: Equip Menu – Localization
If a local coordinate system is the intended basis for
the survey, locate and store the local points in the
field. Then use Localization to compute the
relationship between the GPS coordinates and the
local coordinates. Thereafter, the local coordinates
will be available for view or staking.
Select Equip > Localization to apply a best fit
transformation using a localization. The localization
submenu has two options (see Figure 93).
‡
Localization in the context of SurvCE
is a method to relate the coordinates
of a survey that are based initially on a
Starfire position or a GPS navigation
solution referred to here as an RTK
Solution.
The GPS navigation solution may be within 10
feet on WGS84 and the StarFire™ position
may be within 0.3 feet after 30-45 minutes
period. As a field survey progresses, points
with known grid coordinate positions may be
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included in the survey requiring the application
of a transformation to work in the local
system.
Figure 93: Localization Submenu Options
Select the RTK Localization button. The Localization
submenu opens (see Figure 94). It has five tabs. Four
tabs are displayed below. The TS tab is not
applicable to GPS.
‡
The Localization submenu provides
the same options for either type of
localization, RTK or Starfire. Refer to
the supplied Carlson SurvCE manual
for the use of this tool.
Figure 94: Localization Submenu – System Tab
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Figure 95: Localization Submenu – GPS Tab
Figure 96: Localization Submenu – Points Tab
Figure 97: Localization Submenu – By Helmert
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Stake Points
Figure 98: Survey Menu – Stake Points
Select Survey > Stake Points to navigate to and stake
points, for example, boundary corners or construction
grade stakes. Stake points are:
9 Points that have been determined in relationship
to other measured points in the field
9 Points contained in a coordinate data file
transferred to the Explorer 600+ with Carlson
X-Port software
‡
Review the Job Settings section above
before staking. Various options can be
set which determine how directions to a
stake point are provided.
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„ Stake Points
Figure 99: Stake Points Window
Refer to Figure 99 for the settings below.
Methods to select a point to stake:
9 Enter the point number in the Point ID field. Press
the Enter button on the Explorer 600+ keyboard to
view the elevation, northing and easting.
‡
A range of points can be staked out.
For example, 3-10, 2,15-20 entered
into the Point ID field would stake out
the points from 3-10 sequentially, then
point 2, then 15 through 20
sequentially.
9 Open the job file or control file. Tap the
button
to select one or more points from the Point Details
window.
button to open the graphical view.
9 Tap the
Tap on a point to stake.
The remaining options on the Stake Points window
are described below:
•
Add To List and Pick From List buttons: Create a
list of points to be staked. Tap the Add to List
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button to add the current point in the Stake Points
window to the list. Tap the Pick from List button to
view the Stakeout Point List window and stake
any of the points on the list.
•
Source: After selecting a point or points in the
Stake Points window, SurvCE displays the source
of the point(s), either as Current Job or Control
File.
‡
•
The display of the source is important
because the current job file and a control
file may contain the same point ID.
Point by Direction: Check this option to stake a
point defined by a direction and distance, and
slope if applicable, from the current point
coordinate. This enables points to be staked
without calculating point numbers or point IDs for
the target point. Enter the bearing/azimuth,
horizontal distance and also slope, if applicable.
‡
If the distance entry is not known but
must be computed, access the
calculator. Tap in the H. Distance field.
Press the 2nd button on the Explorer
600+ keypad. Press the 0/? key. The
calculator opens.
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Points
Figure 100: File Menu – Points
Select File > Points to view all of the points in the
current open job. The Pts window opens (see Figure
101). Any point can be edited or deleted. Points can
be added.
Figure 101: Points Submenu
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Feature Code List
Figure 102: File Menu – Feature Code List
Select File > Feature Code List to define feature code
lists. Multiple feature code lists can be created. Each
list can contain an unlimited number of codes.
‡
Each feature code consists of a short
code, a longer description, a polyline
toggle and a polyline type setting.
Refer to the supplied Carlson SurvCE
manual for additional information on
feature codes.
COGO Menu
Refer to the supplied Carlson SurvCE manual for
information on typical COGO applications useful in a
field survey.
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Chapter 6 ............................ Data Transfer
Carlson X-Port software is a file transfer and data
editing utility designed to aid in the processing of
electronically collected data files. Although intended
for both conventional and GPS survey instruments,
only the application to GPS is addressed here. This
chapter is a condensed version of the Carlson X-Port
manual.
Installation
The supplied Carlson SurvCE CD, at the rear of the
Carlson SurvCE manual, contains:
9 X-Port utility software (XPortSetup.exe)
9 Geoid models (CarlsonGeoidGrids.exe)
‡
Current versions of these exe files and
the Carlson X-Port manual are
available at www.carlsonsw.com.
Install X-Port:
Copy XPortSetup.exe to a folder on the PC and run
the program. When a serial number is requested, use
the number provided on the plastic pocket at the rear
of the Carlson SurvCE manual.
Install Geoid Models:
Copy CarlsonGeoidGrids.exe to a folder on the PC
and run the program. The installed geoid models
include Geoid 1999, Geoid 2003, and EGM (Earth
Gravity Model for the world). Unless otherwise
specified, these files are installed in the same folder
as X-Port.
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Introduction
Carlson SurvCE software, which runs on the Explorer
600+ data collector, creates a number of files to
support a project in the field. Two primary files are
created for each project:
9 A coordinate file appended with .crd
9 A raw data file appended with .rw5
The coordinates, measured or computed are stored in
the job .crd file. The raw data associated with these
coordinates is saved in the .rw5 file which allows for
re-processing in the event changes are made that
affect the coordinate values.
In the office, use X-Port to communicate with the
Explorer 600+, transfer files, process coordinates,
and convert coordinates and raw data formats.
The top half of X-Port is the Raw Data Editor. The
bottom half is the Coordinate Data Editor. Both
editors function as spreadsheets. Each row
represents one record of data.
Raw Data Editor
Coordinate
Data Editor
Figure 103: X-Port Data Editors
The lines of data in a .rw5 file are like the records in a
surveyor’s field book. Use X-Port to edit and add to
the .rw5 file and re-process the raw measurements to
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update the coordinates, if necessary, in an existing or
new .crd file.
Although this is intended primarily for a conventional
instrument, X-Port provides the ability to edit into the
.rw5 file additional offset measurements (bearings
and distances) obtained during the GPS survey for
processing sideshots from RTK points.
‡
Refer to the Carlson X-Port manual for
the file formats supported by the raw
data and the coordinate data editors.
Commands useful for converting, transferring, and
printing reports are demonstrated in the following
exercises.
Exercises
„ Exercise 1: Import/Convert Text File to CRD File
This exercise provides steps to import a text file
containing coordinates into X-Port for review and
conversion to a *.crd file. The *.crd file can be
transferred to the Explorer 600+ for use in the field as
a “Control File”. The file could contain coordinates of
control points intended for a base station, for a
transformation to a local coordinate system, or for
points to be staked in the field.
1. Run X-Port on the PC. The raw data and the
coordinate data editors are blank at start-up.
2. Select Tools > Import Point Data > Text/ASCII
File. The Import Point Data window opens (see
Figure 104).
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Figure 104: Import Point Data Window
3. Click the Select Text File button and browse to
and select the desired file. The Import Point Data
window returns.
4. In the Common Formats drop-down list, select a
format. It appears in the Coordinate Order field.
5. Preview the file. If acceptable, click the OK button.
The imported points are listed in the lower half of
X-Port.
6. In the X-Port menu bar, select File > Save CRD
as. Browse to a location. Save and name the file.
„ Exercise 2: PC/Explorer File Transfer
This exercise provides steps to transfer files from the
PC to the Explorer 600+. The transferred file may be
the .crd file created in Exercise 1 above or an
ASCII/text file.
1. Run X-Port on the PC.
2. Connect the Explorer 600+ to the PC with the
supplied USB cable (in the rover transit case).
3. On the Explorer 600+, run SurvCE.
4. In SurvCE, select File > Data Transfer. The Data
Transfer window opens (see Figure 105).
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Figure 105: SurvCE Data Transfer Window
5. Accept the default COM Port setting, COM1.
6. Tap the Carlson/C&G Transfer button. The
Explorer 600+ waits for a connection.
7. In X-Port, select Tools > Data Transfer >
SurvCE/G2/FastSurvey/SurvStar. X-Port opens
the SurvCom window on the PC, and connects to
the Explorer 600+. SurvCom provides access to
folders and files on both the PC and the Explorer
600+.
‡
If the connection fails, select Options
from the SurvCom window. Change
the COM port to ActiveSync. Select
Connect. If ActiveSync opens a box
with the message, “Set up
Partnership”, select No. Click the Next
button. The connection is now active.
8. Transfer a file using SurvCom:
a. In the right panel (Remote), browse to the
System CF folder and open the Data folder.
b. In the left panel (Local PC), browse to and
select the file to transfer from the PC to the
Explorer 600+.
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c. Click the Transfer button.
d. Verify the file appears in the Data folder.
‡
A text file can be converted to a .crd
file on the Explorer 600+. Use the
File > Import/Export command.
„ Exercise 3: Create/Upload Geoid File to Explorer
1. Run X-Port.
2. Connect the Explorer 600+ to the PC with the
supplied USB cable (in the rover transit case).
3. On the Explorer 600+, run SurvCE.
4. In SurvCE, select File > Data Transfer. The Data
Transfer window opens (see Figure 105).
5. Accept the default COM Port setting, COM1.
6. Tap the Carlson/C&G Transfer button. The
Explorer 600+ waits for a connection.
7. In X-Port, select Tools > Data Transfer >
SurvCE/G2/FastSurvey/SurvStar. X-Port opens
the SurvCom window on the PC, and connects to
the Explorer 600+.
8. Select the Geoid button at the bottom of the
window. The Set Geoid Area window opens (see
Figure 106).
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Figure 106: Set Geoid Area Window
Refer to Figure 106 for the steps below:
button and browse to and
9. Click the
select a geoid file. C:\Program Files\Carlson XPort is the default installation location of the geoid
files.
10. Select the Geoid Type (usually Geoid 2003).
11. Enter the Latitude and Longitude near the center
of the area to be surveyed.
12. Enter the Grid size.
‡
The minimum Grid size is a 50 miles
square. A Grid size greater than 150
miles slows processing.
13. Enter a Grid Name
14. Click the OK button. The file is created with the
extension .gsf, and uploaded to the Data folder on
the Explorer 600+.
„ Exercise 4: Print and/or Save CRD and RW5 Files
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This exercise provides steps to:
9 Transfer a *.crd and a *.rw5 file from the Explorer
600+ to the PC
9 Use X-Port to print and/or save each file to a text
file
1. Set up the Explorer 600+ and PC for file transfer.
Refer to Exercise 2, Steps 1 to 7 for details.
2. Using SurvCom, transfer a *.crd file and a *.rw5
file from the Explorer 600+ to the PC:
a. In the left panel (Local PC), open the
C:\Program Files\Carlson X-Port\Data folder, if
it is not already open.
b. In the right panel (Remote), browse to and
select the *.crd file and *.rw5 file to transfer
from the Explorer 600+ to the PC.
c. Click the Transfer button.
d. Verify the files appear in the Data folder.
3. Exit SurvCom.
4. Run X-Port.
5. Perform the following steps to print and/or save
the CRD File:
a. Select File > Open CRD File. A window opens
with the transferred *.crd file.
b. Select the *.crd file. The coordinates in the file
are displayed in the lower half of X-Port.
c. Select File > Print > Coordinates. The Print
Coordinates window opens (see Figure 107).
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Figure 107: Print Coordinates Window
d. Determine the data that will be output from the
*.crd file. Enter the range of points. The range
will be displayed as a list of coordinates.
Check List Point Notes to output the time,
RMS, coordinates of staked points, etc.
e. Click OK. The Carlson X-Port Edit window
opens. It displays the specified data.
f.
‡
Print and/or save the data as a text file.
There is another method to print
and/or save a *.crd file as a text file.
Select Tools > Export Point Data >
Text/ASCII File. The text file created is
a list of coordinates.
6. Perform the following steps to print and/or save
the RW5 File:
a. Select File > Open RW5 File. A window opens
with the transferred *.rw5 file.
b. Select the *.rw5 file. The file is displayed in
the top half of X-Port.
c. Select File > Print > Raw Data. The Carlson
X-Port Edit window opens with the data in the
file. The data is a detailed field note record.
d. Print and/or save the data as a text file.
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„ Exercise 5: Process GPS From RW5 File
This exercise provides steps to process GPS for
additional details, geodetic and grid coordinates,
geoid heights, rod heights, etc. from the *.rw5 file.
IMPORTANT: The output from
Process (Compute Points) > GPS
contains the grid coordinates and
elevations on the points. However, the
latitude, longitude and ellipsoid
heights are at the L1 phase center.
The Rod Height is from the point to
the L1 phase center.
1. Transfer a *.rw5 file from the Explorer 600+ to the
PC.
2. Run X-Port on the PC.
3. Select Process (Compute Points) > GPS. The
Process Options window opens.
4. Set the necessary parameters.
5. Click OK.
6. Print and/or save the results.
Menus & Commands
This section describes X-Port commands specific to
GPS.
‡
Refer to the Carlson X-Port manual for
information on menus and commands
not described in this section.
Add Menu
Adding records to a *.rw5 file is most useful when
there are some additional conventional field traverse,
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sideshot or description information to be computed or
included in the final processing for the job or project.
Methods to add records to a *.rw5 file in the X-Port
raw data editor:
9 Select one of the options from the Add menu
9 Press the Insert key on the keyboard
9 Select the last line in the spreadsheet and press
the down arrow key
„ GPS
Insert a GPS record into a *.rw5 file. Elements of this
record include:
1. Point ID (PntID)
2. Latitude in dd.mmss
3. Longitude in dd.mmss (Negative for West)
4. WGS84 Ellipsoid Elevation (Elevation)
5. Description (Desc)
„ Note
Insert a descriptive note record (DS) into a *.rw5 file.
The descriptive note record is an additional note that
appears in the raw data editor and printouts. This
record is not used in processing.
Elements of this record include:
1. Note
„ Point (To RW5 File)
Insert a stored coordinate record (PT) into a *.rw5 file.
The *.rw5 file, when viewed by a text editor, will
designate this record as “SP”. When processing, this
data is stored as a point in the coordinate file for the
same job. Elements of this record include:
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1. Point ID (PntID)
2. Northing
3. Easting
4. Elevation
5. Description
„ Point (To CRD File)
Insert a stored coordinate record into a *.crd file.
Elements of this record include:
1. Point ID (PntID)
2. Northing
3. Easting
4. Elevation
5. Description
Process (Compute Points) Menu
The commands under the Process (Compute Points)
menu provide various methods for processing a *.rw5
file and for storing the calculated points in a *.crd file.
For GPS, this command computes state plane
coordinates from geodetic coordinates. The Carlson
X-Port manual details conventional traversing.
„ GPS
Convert the GPS records in a *.rw5 file from latitude,
longitude and ellipsoid heights to state plane or local
coordinates. Elements of the GPS record include:
1. Point ID (PntID)
2. Latitude in dd.mmss
3. Longitude in dd.mmss (Negative for West)
4. WGS84 Ellipsoid Elevation (Elevation)
5. Description (Desc)
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Select Process (Compute Points) > GPS. The
Process Options window opens (see Figure 108).
Figure 108: Process Options Window
Refer to Figure 108 for the settings below:
•
Projection Type: Define the datum and coordinate
system used to convert the Latitude, Longitude
and Ellipsoid Heights collected from the GPS
receiver into Cartesian coordinates.
‡
•
For the United States, two separate
horizontal control systems have been
developed by the Federal
Government: State Plane based on
NAD 1927, and State Plane based on
NAD 1983. In the US and for
International use, the UTM (Universal
Transverse and Mercator System) can
be selected.
Zone: For State Plane projections, the correct
state zone for the job location must be selected.
For UTM, the automatic zone option will
automatically use the correct UTM zone for the
job location, or a specific UTM zone can be
manually set. The manual option may be applied
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to surveying on the border between zones to force
the program to use a particular zone.
•
Transformation: This two dimensional
transformation option can either be by Plane
Similarity or Rigid Body methods. Both methods
use a best-fit least squares transformation. The
difference is that the rigid body method does a
transformation with a translation and rotation and
without a scale. The plane similarity does a
rotation, translation and scale. This option only
applies when two or more points are used in
Localization (transformation).
•
One Point Alignment Azimuth: This option applies
to the rotation when using one point in Align Local
Coordinates. Select which north to use. For this
alignment method, the state plane coordinate is
translated to the local coordinate. Then the
rotation can use either the state plane grid or the
geodetic as north. No scale is applied in this
transformation. The state plane and geodetic true
north diverge east and west of the state plane
zone central meridian.
•
Geoid To Apply: This option will account for the
geoid undulation in determining the orthometric
heights (elevation) of the measurement.
Orthometric heights or elevation measurements
are used in survey calculations. In order to
convert ellipsoid heights h (He in Carlson
documentation) as measured by GPS into
orthometric elevations H (Eo in Carlson
documentation), a correction must be provided for
between the GPS measured ellipsoid heights
(called GPS elevations by Carlson) referenced to
the ellipsoid and the geoid (equal potential
surface approximating global sea level). This
correction is the geoid undulation N (Ug in
Carlson documentation). The conventional
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formula is h=H+N; (He=Eo + Ug in Carlson
documentation). The geoid models are essentially
geoid height difference models in a grid format.
X-Port has two geoid models available covering
the United States at 1 minute grid intervals
(Geoid03 and Geoid99); and EGM96 covering the
entire globe at 15 minute intervals. These geoid
models are huge and take a lot of disk space.
X-Port applies the geoid model by subtracting the
geoid undulation from the GPS measured
ellipsoid height. The result is then used and
displayed. In practice, the geoid model is most
applicable to two types of scenarios. One of these
types is when setting up the base over a known
point and an elevation is known or assumed and
the best relative orthometric heights are desired at
other points. Be cautious when using multiple
vertical control points in a three dimensional
solution. The geoid model is a good check and
can be better than solving for a 3D transformation
because the local control points can have more
vertical error than the geoid model.
•
Units: Coordinates can be converted into one of
three available units, Metric, US Feet or
International Feet.
•
Scale Factor: After converting the LAT/LONG
from the GPS records to state plane coordinates
and applying the coordinate alignment
(Localization, a.k.a. transformation) file, the
Project Scale Factor is applied as the final
adjustment to the coordinates. This adjustment is
used on the X, Y and not the Z. The Project Scale
Factor is applied by dividing the distance between
the coordinate and a base point by the Project
Scale Factor. The coordinate is then set by
starting from the base point and moving in the
direction of the coordinate for the adjusted
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distance. The base point is the first point in the
alignment (Localization) file. If there are no points
specified in the alignment (Localization) file, then
0,0 is used as base point. The second dialog will
prompt if an alignment (Localization) file is to be
used during the process. This file is typically
created by SurvCE using the Localization routine.
The file (*.dat) contains the parameters to
transform the derived State Plane coordinates to
the defined local coordinates. At the end of the
process, the coordinates will be written to the
current *.crd file and a report will be presented in
the Carlson editor for saving or printing purposes.
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Chapter 7 ........... Equipment Maintenance
Users must be familiar with the use of portable GPS
equipment, radio modems, Bluetooth-enabled
controllers, the limitations thereof and these safety
instructions prior to use of the LAND-PAK.
Transport
Always carry the LAND-PAK equipment in the transit
cases. The cases must be secured during transport to
minimize shock and vibration.
Maintenance
The LAND-PAK equipment must be properly cleaned
with the appropriate materials. The NavCom
equipment may be cleaned using a new lint free cloth
moistened with pure alcohol. Manufacturer’s
equipment other than that of NavCom Technology,
Inc. must be cleaned in accordance with the
instructions issued by the manufacturer.
Connectors must be inspected, and if necessary
cleaned before use. Always use the provided
connector protective caps on the GPS to minimize
moisture and dirt ingress.
Inspect cables regularly for kinks and cuts as these
may cause interference and equipment failure.
Damp GPS equipment must be dried at a
temperature less than +40°C (104°F), but greater
than 5°C (41°F) at the earliest opportunity.
Battery Disposal
Dispose of batteries safely in accordance with
manufacturer’s specifications and local regulations.
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Safety First
The owner of the LAND-PAK must ensure that all
users are properly trained prior to using the
equipment and are aware of the potential hazards
and how to avoid them.
Manufacturer’s equipment other than that of NavCom
Technology, Inc. must be used in accordance with the
safety instructions issued by the manufacturer. This
includes other manufacturer’s equipment that is
attached to NavCom Technology, Inc. manufactured
equipment.
Always use the equipment in accordance with local
regulatory practices for safety and health at work.
There are no user serviceable parts inside the
NavCom SF-2040 GPS sensor. Accessing the inside
of the equipment will void the equipment warranty.
Take care to ensure the SF-2040 does not come into
contact with electrical power installations, the unit is
securely fastened and there is protection against
electromagnetic discharge in accordance with local
regulations.
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A....... The LAND-PAK 869 Inventory Check
This appendix provides the complete system
inventory for the LAND-PAK 869 configuration. It is
divided into three sections: Base Station Inventory,
Rover Inventory, and Office Supplies Inventory.
The system is shipped in five boxes, which contain
the transit cases and bags listed below. The transit
cases are labeled on the top. The bags are labeled
under the NAVCOM logo.
9 Base Station Transit Case
9 Base Bag
9 Rover Transit Case
9 Rover Bag
9 Office Supplies Transit Case
Carefully remove equipment from
transit cases and bags. If any items
are missing or damaged, immediately
contact NavCom Customer Support:
Telephone: +1 (310) 381-2000
Web:
http://www.navcomtech.com/Contact/Contact
Support.cfm
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Base Station Inventory
This section lists all the supplied equipment in the
Base Transit Case and the Base Bag.
Figure 109a: Base Transit Case Supplied Equipment
Table 14: Base Transit Case Parts List
SF-2040 GIS PM Sensor
(P/N 92-310045-3001)
Included and Installed Software Options:
1
RTK Software
(P/N 97-310041-3006)
RTK Extend
(P/N 97-310041-3009)
2
Two Lithium-Ion Battery Packs, 10.8 VDC, 4.4 Ah
(P/N 59-020102-3001 each)
3
Tribrach, w/ Optical Plummet, black
(P/N 60-990007-0001)
4
Adaptor, Tribrach, Fixed
(P/N 60-990008-0001)
5
Base Transit Case {Not Shown}
(P/N 79-100106-3001)
Continued on next page
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Figure 109b: Base Transit Case Supplied Equipment
Base Transit Case Parts List continued
6
3ASd 869 Radio Modem
(P/N 82-042001-0003)
7
3ASd Battery Cradle
(P/N 60-990011-0001)
8
3ASd Battery with switch
(P/N 59-020201-0001)
9
Bag for 3ASd Radio Modem
(P/N 79-700005-0001)
10
Antenna, 869
(P/N 82-001015-0002)
11
Radio Antenna Cable, 12 ft (3.7m)
(P/N 94-310058-3012)
12
NavCom Cable, DB-9
(P/N 73-100002-0002)
13
Tape Measure & Pocket Rod Combo, 12ft (3.69)
(P/N 60-990009-0001)
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Figure 110: Base Bag Supplied Equipment
Table 15: Base Bag Parts List
1
Bag, Tripod {Not Shown}
(P/N 79-700003-0001)
Tripod, Dual Lock, Fiberglass, Waterproof, 72 in (1.84m)
2 Legs
(P/N 60-430002-0001)
3
Bracket, Radio Antenna To Tripod
(P/N 60-500001-0001)
4
Snap-Lock Radio Antenna Pole, 6ft (1.84m)
(P/N 60-440002-0001)
5
Pole Extension, 6 inch: 1 in diameter
(P/N 60-440003-0001)
6
Radio Antenna Adaptor
(P/N 88-310055-3002)
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Rover Inventory
This section lists all the supplied equipment in the
Rover Transit Case and the Rover Bag.
Figure 111a: Rover Transit Case Supplied Equipment
Table 16: Rover Transit Case Parts List
SF-2040 GIS PM Sensor
(P/N 92-310045-3001)
Included and Installed Software Options:
1
RTK Software
(P/N 97-310041-3006)
RTK Extend
(P/N 97-310041-3009)
2
Two Lithium-Ion Battery Packs, 10.8 VDC, 4.4 Ah
(P/N 59-020102-3001 each)
3
Serial Cable, 6 Ft (1.84m) Coiled
(P/N 94-310090-3003)
4
TruBlu™ Module
(P/N 92-210182-3001)
5
Carlson Explorer 600+, Carlson SurvCE w/GPS installed
(P/N 82-061001-0001) {Supplied USB Cable Not Shown}
6
Rover Transit Case {Not Shown}
(P/N 79-100107-3001)
Continued on next page
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Figure 111b: Rover Transit Case Supplied Equipment
Rover Transit Case Parts List continued
7
Extra Orange Styli (Set of 3) for Carlson Explorer 600+
(P/N 60-990010-0001)
8
Screen Protectors for Carlson Explorer 600+, Set of 5
(P/N 60-220001-0001)
9
Vehicle Charger for Carlson Explorer 600+
(P/N 59-800004-0001)
10
3ASd 869 Radio Modem
(P/N 82-042001-0003)
11
3ASd Battery Cradle
(P/N 60-990009-0001)
12
3ASd Battery with switch
(P/N 59-020201-0001)
13
Bag for 3ASd Radio Modem
(P/N 79-700005-0002)
14
Antenna, 869
(P/N 82-001015-0002)
15
NavCom Cable, DB-9
(P/N 73-100002-0002)
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Figure 112: Rover Bag Supplied Equipment
Table 17: Rover Bag Parts List
1
Rover Bag {Not Shown}
(P/N 79-700002-0002)
2
Pole, Carbon Fiber and Aluminum, 8.5 ft (2.61m)
(P/N 60-430001-0002)
3
Bipod, Carbon Fiber, Open Clamp
(P/N 60-430001-0001)
4
Cradle for Carlson Explorer 600+
(P/N 60-570002-0001)
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Office Supplies Inventory
This section lists all the supplied equipment in the
Office Supplies Transit Case.
Figure 113: Office Supplies Transit Case
Table 18: Office Supplies Transit Case Parts List
Battery Charger Kit for SF-2040 GIS PM Sensor
(P/N 92-310092-3001)
1 Kit Includes:
4-Bay Battery Charger w/ Cable (P/N 92-310046-3001)
Charger Power Supply (P/N 82-02003-5001)
2
Battery Charger Kit for Carlson Explorer 600+
(P/N 59-810001-3001)
Option:
(x2) 110V Battery Charger for 3ASd Radio Modem
Battery (P/N 59-800001-0001)
3
Or
(x2) 220V Battery Charger for 3ASd Radio Modem
Battery (P/N 59-800001-0002) {Not Shown}
4
Office Supplies Transit Case {Not Shown}
(P/N 79-100108-3001)
Continued on next page
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Office Supplies Transit Case Parts List continued
5
User Guide, LAND-PAK
(P/N 96-310030-3001)
6
User Guide, SF-2040
(P/N 96-310003-3001)
7
User Guide, Carlson Explorer 600+
(P/N 96-000001-0001)
8
User Guide, Carlson SurvCE
(P/N 96-000001-0002)
9
10
User Guide, SATELLINE -3ASd Radio Modems
(P/N 96-000001-0003)
CD containing User Guides, Reference Material, and
StarUtil Utility Software/User Guide
(P/N 96-310006-3001)
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
B .............. Additional Base Position Options
This appendix provides information on the Base
Configuration window options not described in the
Assign a Base Position section in Chapter 5.
Figure 114: Base Configuration Window
From New Position Tab
„ Enter Lat/Lon
Tap the Enter Lat/Lon button if the base is on a
known GPS Control Point. The Enter Lat/Lon window
opens (see Figure 115). Enter the geodetic position,
including the ellipsoid height.
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Figure 115: Enter Lat/Lon Window
„ Enter Grid System Coordinates
Tap the Enter Grid System Coordinates button (see
Figure 114) if the state plane coordinate is known.
The Grid Coordinate window opens (see Figure 116).
Enter or select the coordinates from a file stored on
the Explorer 600+.
Figure 116: Grid Coordinate Window
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
From Known Position Tab
Figure 117: From Known Position Tab
„ Previously Surveyed Point
Tap the Previously Surveyed Point button to select
the coordinates from a file on the Explorer 600+. The
Surveyed Point window opens (see Figure 118).
Figure 118: Surveyed Point Window
„ Use Local Coordinates
Tap the Use Local Coordinates button to access the
Local Point window (see Figure 119). Enter the local
coordinate values or select the coordinates from a file
on the Explorer 600+.
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Figure 119: Local Point Window
Tap
to accept the settings. The Localization File
window opens. Select a localization file to facilitate
the computation of a WGS84 (GPS) coordinate from
the local coordinate. The Localization file is a
transformation solution previously determined for a
project.
„ Read From File
Tap the Read From File button (see Figure 117) to
select a previously stored position in a *.ref file. The
Base Station File window opens (see Figure 120).
‡
A *.ref file usually is selected to
continue working on a project.
Figure 120: Base Station File Window
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
C ................................ TruBlu Configuration
This appendix provides steps to install and configure
the supplied TruBlu™ module. TruBlu provides
wireless control and logging of up to 10Hz position
records in the Explorer 600+ controller.
COM1 of the SF-2040 GPS sensor, both base and
rover, is the LAND-PAK Control Port. Prior to the
installation of TruBlu, the supplied serial cable (P/N
94-310090-3003) is used to connect the Explorer
600+ controller to COM1 to set its baud at 19200.
This is important because TruBlu only works at 19200
baud.
Refer to Figure 51 for the cable connections below:
1. Connect the LEMO 7-Pin end of the supplied
serial cable to COM1 of the SF-2040 GPS sensor.
Connect the female 9-pin serial connector end to
the Explorer 600+ controller.
2. Power up the SF-2040 GPS sensor: on the
indicator panel of the sensor, depress the on/off
(I/O) switch for more than 3 seconds.
‡
All GPS sensor LEDs illuminate for a
period of 3-5 seconds during powerup. Refer to the supplied SF-2040
GPS Product User Guide for details
on GPS sensor LED indications.
3. Press the Explorer 600+ power button
to
boot up the Windows CE desktop. The icon for
Carlson SurvCE is on the desktop.
4. Double tap the SurvCE icon on the desktop. The
SurvCE job selection box opens in front of the
main menu.
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
5. Tap the Continue Last Job button or the Select
New/Existing Job button.
•
If the Continue Last Job button is tapped, a
connection is established. If the Select
New/Existing Job button is tapped, the
Coordinate Files window opens. For
instructions on setting up a new job, refer to
the Create A New Job
•
section in Chapter 5 SurvCE Software
Operation.
6. Select Equip > GPS Rover. A connection is
established. The GPS Rover window opens.
7. Tap the Comms tab.
8. In the Baud drop-down list, select 19200 (see
Figure 121).
Figure 121: TruBlu Baud Rate Setting
9. Tap
to accept the setting and connect to the
GPS sensor. A connection is established.
10. Remove the serial cable from the SF-2040 GPS
sensor and the Explorer 600+. Do not exit SurvCE
on the Explorer 600+.
11. Insert TruBlu in COM1 of the SF-2040. The red
dot on TruBlu must face up. TruBlu blinks blue.
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
12. In the Type drop-down list on the Comms tab,
select Bluetooth. A box opens with the message:
Bluetooth COM Port: COM6 has been
successfully set!
13. Tap OK on the message box. The Comms tab
displays:
•
Type: Bluetooth
•
Device: Atinav
•
Instrument: (blank)
•
Port: Com 6
14. Tap the Configure button on the Comms tab. The
Bluetooth Devices window opens (see Figure
122).
Figure 122: Bluetooth Devices Window
15. Tap the Find Receiver button at the bottom left. A
box opens with the message: Looking for
Bluetooth devices…
A window opens with a list of all Bluetooth
compatible devices in the vicinity. TruBlu modules
are listed with a four digit serial number.
16. Tap the appropriate TruBlu module to select it.
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
17. Tap
to accept the selection. The TruBlu
module is listed in the Bluetooth Devices window.
at the top right of the
18. Tap the Bluetooth icon
window. A box opens with the message: Bonding
with Bluetooth.
The Comms tab opens when the TruBlu module is
bonded. The selected TruBlu module is listed in
the Instrument field.
to accept the settings. The Bluetooth
19. Tap
module is bonded and a connection is
established. The SurvCE main menu returns. On
the GPS Rover option, the check mark next to the
rover icon verifies the connection (see Figure
123).
Figure 123: Verification of TruBlu Connection
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
D ............................... Static Data Collection
This appendix provides steps to:
9 Collect static observations for post-processing to
compute a static network tie. For example, this
might involve computing a position from CORS
using the NGS OPUS process.
9 Download a static data file after the desired
elapsed collection period.
Collect Static Data
Figure 124: Survey Menu – Log Raw GPS
1. Connect the Explorer 600+ controller to a GPS
receiver if not already connected.
2. On the SurvCE main menu, select Survey > Log
Raw GPS (see Figure 124). The NavCom Setup
window opens (see Figure 125).
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Figure 125: NavCom Setup Window
3. Tap the Start/Resume File button. The Start New
File window opens.
4. Enter a file name (DOS naming convention) to
store the collected data in the receiver memory for
download later.
5. Tap
. The NavCom Setup window returns.
6. Tap the Tag Point button. The window displays
the available onboard memory.
7. Enter a Site Name. It is inserted in the file as a
point identifier.
8. Select whether to end the data collection
manually or after a specified period of time.
9. In the Recording Site window, select Stop Point
logging. In the boxes that open, tap Yes and OK.
‡
The receiver will continue to collect
and store data until Close File is
selected on the NavCom Setup
window (see Figure 125).
10. Go to the GPS Rover Setup section to continue
the initial setup of the LAND-PAK.
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LAND-PAK™ User Guide – Rev. C
Download Static Data File
This section provides steps to download a static data
file after the desired static data collection period has
elapsed.
1. Reconnect to the GPS receiver if not currently
connected.
2. On the SurvCE main menu, select Survey > Log
Raw GPS (see Figure 124). The NavCom Setup
window opens (see Figure 125).
3. Tap the Close File button to end the static data
collection.
4. Tap the File Manager button. The Files on
Receiver window opens (see Figure 126).
Figure 126: Files on Receiver Window
5. Tap the file and tap the Download File button. The
file is transferred from the SF-2040 to the Explorer
600+.
‡
At a recording rate (epoch) of 1
second the receiver will collect about
1.5 MB of data per hour. The
download to the Explorer 600+ is
about 1 MB per minute.
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D-174
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