IOLMaster Manual V.5.4

IOLMaster Manual V.5.4

IOLMaster

with Advanced Technology

Software Version 5.4

Documentation set

=

Content

User manual

IOLMaster with Advanced Technology

Software Version 5.4

[000000-1322-734_GA_GB-US_120608]

Microsoft Software License Terms

[LT_XP_PRO_embedded_080807]

Installation of a Network Printer on the IOLMaster

[Network Printer on IOLMaster_180707]

Notes on and conditions of use for the remote maintenance tool

[ 000000-1305-000_AddGA_GB_150807]

Enclosure

IOLMaster Quick Instructions Version 5.4

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IOLMaster

with Advanced Technology

Software Version 5.4

User manual

Copyright

Knowledge of this user manual is required for operation of the device.

You should therefore familiarise yourself with its contents and pay special attention to instructions concerning the safe operation of the device.

The specifications are subject to change; the manual is not covered by an update service.

© Unless expressly authorised, dissemination or duplication of this document and commercial exploitation or communication of its contents are not permitted. Persons in contravention of this copyright are liable to pay compensation for damages.

All rights reserved in the event of granting of patents or registration as a utility patent.

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Trademarks

All names of companies and products mentioned in this manual may be trademarks or registered trademarks. Third party products are cited for information purposes only and this does not represent approval or recommendation of these products.

Carl Zeiss Meditec AG accepts no liability for the performance or use of such products.

‰ Windows

®

XP is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation, Inc.

‰ SRK

®

is a trademark of CTI (Computational Technology Inc.).

‰ Nero is a registered trademark. Nero InCD is a trademark of Nero AG.

Other brand names, software and hardware names used in these operating instructions are subject to trademark or patent protection.

The quoting of product names is for information purposes only and does not constitute a trademark misuse.

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Contents

Page

Copyright ........................................................................................... 1

Trademarks ........................................................................................ 2

Contents............................................................................................. 3

Notes on the user manual ................................................................ 6

Symbols ...................................................................................... 6

Purpose of this documentation.................................................... 6

Accessibility of the user manual................................................... 6

Safety instructions ............................................................................ 7

Compliance with standards and regulations ................................ 7

Instructions for installation and use ............................................. 7

Safe operation ............................................................................ 9

Electrical safety .................................................................. 9

Light emission from the device........................................... 9

Requirements for operation ............................................... 9

Important when using the device ..................................... 10

Disposal .................................................................................... 10

Disposal of the product within the EU ....................................... 10

Package contents ...................................................................... 11

Warning and information labels on the device........................... 12

Customer’s safety obligations.................................................... 14

Description....................................................................................... 15

Intended use of the device ........................................................ 15

Functional description ............................................................... 15

Overall view .............................................................................. 17

Optional accessories.................................................................. 18

Power isolation transformer for external devices....................... 19

Setting up the device for use..................................................... 20

Installation....................................................................... 20

Electrical connection ........................................................ 21

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4

Contents

Operation ......................................................................................... 22

General notes on control........................................................... 22

Operation by touchpad and keyboard ....................................... 23

Screen layout ............................................................................ 24

Overview of buttons and shortcut keys ...................................... 25

Menu overview ......................................................................... 28

Options menu ........................................................................... 29

Test eye ........................................................................... 29

Lens database .................................................................. 29

Data store ........................................................................ 31

Setup ............................................................................... 34

Network Broker configuration (optional) .......................... 43

Preparing for measurements...................................................... 53

Switching the device on ................................................... 53

Patient Manager (New patient)......................................... 53

Adjusting the device to the patient................................... 58

Axial length measurement [ALM] with Advanced Technology ... 59

Axial length measurement [ALM]............................................... 61

Measurement of corneal curvature [KER] ................................... 66

Keratometer measurement............................................... 66

Measurement of anterior chamber depth [ACD] ........................ 69

Determination of "white-to-white" [WTW] (optional) ................ 72

Measuring the other eye ........................................................... 74

Printout of results...................................................................... 74

Generation of IOL options ......................................................... 75

Filling the IOL database .................................................... 75

IOL calculation ................................................................. 76

IOL calculation after corneal refractive surgery (optional) .. 79

Calculation of phakic implants (optional).......................... 83

4-in-1 calculation ............................................................. 84

Optimisation of lens constants................................................... 84

Selecting lens data ........................................................... 84

Loading existing data records ........................................... 85

Entering new data records ............................................... 86

Starting optimisation........................................................ 89

New patient .............................................................................. 91

Working with the Patient manager................................... 91

Retrieving a reading from previous measurements............ 92

Deleting a patient/measurement ...................................... 93

Renaming a patient.......................................................... 94

Transmitting/exporting data (optional) ....................................... 95

Exporting data to another system..................................... 95

Exporting data to a storage medium ................................ 96

Switching off the device ............................................................ 97

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Contents

Evaluation of ALM results

.............................................................. 98

Signal curves of axial length measurements............................... 98

Valid signal curves ........................................................... 98

Recognition of misadjustments on the graph ................... 99

Measuring errors with pseudophakic eyes ...................... 100

Zooming the graph display...................................................... 101

Post-run editing of axial length measurements ........................ 103

SNR categories............................................................... 103

Shifting the measuring cursor ........................................ 104

Interpretation of axial length measurements............................ 107

Signals from the inner limiting membrane (ILM) ............. 109

Signals from the choroid ................................................ 110

Tips for keratometer measurement ............................................. 112

How to adjust the measuring marks ........................................ 112

Measuring errors..................................................................... 113

Misadjustments ............................................................. 113

Other findings ............................................................... 115

Tips for anterior chamber depth measurement .......................... 118

How to adjust the device......................................................... 118

Measuring errors..................................................................... 120

Incorrect settings ........................................................... 120

Pathological findings...................................................... 124

Tips for WTW measurement (optional) ....................................... 126

How to adjust the device......................................................... 126

Troubleshooting...................................................................... 126

Servicing and maintenance .......................................................... 127

Remote maintenance (optional)............................................... 127

Operating the online remote maintenance module ........ 127

Checking the measurement functions ..................................... 128

Axial length measurement and keratometer................... 129

Anterior chamber depth measurements ......................... 129

Verifying WTW measurements (optional) ....................... 130

Printer troubleshooting ........................................................... 131

Care of the device................................................................... 132

Safety inspections ................................................................... 132

Technical specifications................................................................. 133

Manufacturer’s Declaration.......................................................... 138

Abbreviations/Glossary ................................................................ 139

Important for your safety:

Safety instructions....................................................................... 7

Servicing and maintenance...................................................... 127

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Notes on the user manual

Symbols

The following warning symbols refer to important safety information in this user manual. Whenever you see these symbols, read the accompanying notes carefully. They may warn against possible health risks or fatal injury.

Observe all safety notes and information in this manual and on device labels:

Warning

Risk to the user or patient.

Caution

Risk of damage to the device.

Type B medical device conforming to DIN EN 60601-1

Caution

Note

Disconnect the device from the power supply before servicing.

Information and notes for a better understanding of the operating instructions.

Warning

Correct operation of the device is imperative for safe functioning. Please familiarise yourself thoroughly with the contents of this user manual before using the device!

Purpose of this documentation

The purpose of this user manual is to acquaint the user with the design, operation, setup, handling of the device together with the safety, cleaning and maintenance procedures for the system.

Accessibility of the user manual

Always keep this user manual and all accompanying documents in the immediate vicinity of the device. The user manual should be readily accessible at all times.

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Safety instructions

Compliance with standards and regulations

‰ This device is a Class IIa medical instrument as defined by the

European Medical Device Directive (MDD).

‰ This device complies with EC Medical Device Directive 93/42/EEC and the national implementation of this directive in the form of the

German Medical Products Act (MPA) (see Manufacturer’s Declaration, on page 138).

Instructions for installation and use

This device is a high-quality technical product. To ensure perfect and reliable operation, it must undergo a safety inspection once a year.

‰ The device may not be stored or operated in environmental conditions other than those prescribed (see Technical specifications on page 133).

‰ Do not operate the device:

– in areas subject to explosion hazard

– in the presence of inflammable anaesthetics or volatile solvents, such as alcohol, benzene or similar

‰ Do not store or use this device in damp rooms. Do not expose the device to water splashes, dripping water or sprayed water.

‰ Modifications and repairs, in particular those requiring the device to be opened, may only be performed by service technicians employed or authorised by the manufacturer.

‰ The manufacturer accepts no liability for damage caused by unauthorised access to the interior of the device. Such actions will render all warranty claims invalid.

‰ This device may only be used with accessories and software supplied by Carl Zeiss Meditec. Mains-operated accessories must conform to

IEC 60950-1 or 60601-1.

‰ The device may only be operated by instructed and trained personnel.

‰ In USA this device may only be purchased or ordered by physicians and ophthalmologists.

‰ The user manual should always be kept at hand for reference.

‰ It is also important to comply with the instructions supplied with accessories.

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Safety instructions

‰ Use only printers approved by Carl Zeiss Meditec.

– Use only the CD supplied by the printer manufacturer to install the printer software.

– Prior to using older printers, consult http://support.microsoft.com/ to determine whether printer drivers compatible with the

Windows

®

XP operating system are available and use these.

– Position the printer at least 1.5 m from the patient’s seat at the device.

– The user should not simultaneously touch the patient and metal parts of the printer.

– If a Protection Class II printer (without protective earth terminal) is used, make sure that a power isolation transformer (see page 19) is connected into the printer power supply cable.

– If a Protection Class I printer (with protective earth terminal) is used, make sure that it is connected to its own stationary wall socket of the room’s electrical installation or that a power isolation transformer (see page 19) is connected into the printer power line.

– The required isolation transformer can be obtained from our sales organisation.

– The power isolation transformer may not be used for printers whose wattage (power consumption) exceeds the permissible connected load of the power isolation transformer (e.g. laser printers). Such printers must always be positioned outside the range of the patient (1.5 m from the patient’s seat at the device).

– Protection Class II printers (without protective earth terminal) whose wattage (power consumption) exceeds the permissible connected load of the power isolation transformer may not be used.

‰ Additional portable multiple sockets or extension cords may not to be used.

‰ The electrical supply must conform to IEC 60364-7-710 guidelines. For

NEMA 5-15P connector type.

‰ Do not use a cellular telephone and other devices not complying with

EMC Class B requirements, as its signals may cause the equipment to malfunction. The effect of radio signals on medical devices is dependent on various factors and therefore unpredictable. To avoid electromagnetic interference, the device must be installed and put into operation in accordance with the user manual and using the components supplied by Carl Zeiss Meditec.

‰ With the exception of compatible printer drivers, the installation of other software on the system is not permitted! A software routine prevents external (3 rd

party) software from being installed on the system.

‰ The IOLMaster may only be connected to private networks which are protected from public networks (Internet) by firewalls conforming to the latest technical standards!

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Safety instructions

Safe operation

Electrical safety

‰ The built-in power supply unit is short-circuit-proof and does not contain any fuses which are accessible from the outside.

‰ Provided the device is properly used, no electrical hazards exist to either patients or operators.

‰ The device may be opened only by persons authorised by the manufacturer.

Light emission from the device

The limit values as specified for Class 1 laser devices to EN 60825-1 will be observed if the device is operated as intended.

Requirements for operation

Please take care that the following operational requirements are met when using the IOLMaster:

‰ Use the power cable supplied with the device. If the device is mounted on an IT 3L instrument table, it will receive its power supply through the table.

‰ The power supply plug must be inserted into a power outlet that has an intact protective conductor connection.

‰ All cables and plugs may be used only if they are in perfect working condition. In particular, the spring action plug for device control

(7, Fig. 3) must remain plugged in and should not be pulled out.

‰ If the earth contact is impaired, or if electrical wiring is damaged, the device must be taken out of service and measures taken to prevent inadvertent use. Following this, call Carl Zeiss Service.

‰ Do not cover/obstruct ventilation slots in the computer casing (right and left)!

‰ If peripheral devices are connected (CRT monitor and/or PC are possible) the user must ensure that safety requirements of

DIN EN 60601-1-1 (medical electrical systems) are observed.

‰ A network isolator must be inserted for connection to an external network (NET).

‰ If either of the error messages "laser fixation power too strong" or

"laser power too strong, measurement interrupted" appears, the device must be shut down.

Following this, call Carl Zeiss Service.

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Safety instructions

Important when using the device

‰ Always enter the patient data (last and first name, date of birth) or

ID Number (depending on setting in Setup menu).

‰ Pull the power supply cable immediately if damage or unspecified problems occur!

‰ Switch off the device as follows:

– Click on the

EXIT

icon on the toolbar.

– Confirm with

OK

and switch the device off at the power switch.

The program will automatically close; the readings for the last patient will be saved and the device will shut down automatically

(lamp in the switch goes off).

Warning

Internal components are still under voltage while the switch lamp is lit, even after the device has been switched off at the power switch! Allpole disconnection of the device has not been achieved until the switch lamp goes off. The lamp must be off before the power supply is unplugged or the device switched off at the main room switch. Failure to observe these instructions may result in loss of data.

‰ The device contains a computer. Please follow the instructions for the

Switching off the device on page 97.

Disposal

The device’s internal control computer contains electronic components and a lithium battery (type CR 2032). At the end of its useful life it must be properly disposed of in compliance with local regulations.

Disposal of the product within the EU

In accordance with applicable EU guidelines at the time at which the product was brought onto the market, the product specified on the consignment note is not to be disposed of via the domestic waste disposal system or communal waste disposal facilities.

For further information on disposal of this product, please contact your local dealer or the manufacturer or its legal successor company. Please read the latest internet information provided by the manufacturer.

Where the product or its components are resold, the seller must inform the buyer that the product must be disposed of in accordance with the currently applicable national regulations.

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Safety instructions

Package contents

The device is delivered completely assembled in foam material packaging. The enclosed accessory box contains the following components:

– Keyboard

– Power cable

– This user manual

– Dust cover

– Test eye in its own case

– 2x CD/RW (formatted)

Save the original packaging for storing the device during extended periods of non-use or returning it to the manufacturer, or dispose of it properly.

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Safety instructions

Warning and information labels on the device

The device casing carries the following warning and information labels.

Fig. 1 Warning and information labels on the device

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Safety instructions

IOLMaster

Carl Zeiss Meditec AG

07740 Jena, GERMANY

100…240 V

50/60 Hz

90 VA

IP20

000000-1322-734-01-DE-Vs02 MW IB

REF

1322-734

SN

XXXXXX

Type label

Manufacturer as per IEC 60601

Identification plate IOLMaster

REF

catalogue

SN

serial

Connection panel

XX/XXXX

REF

1477-889

SN

XXXXXX

Complies with 21 CFR

Subchapter J

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Warning

Disconnect the device from the power supply before servicing.

Warning label

Observe all safety notes and information in this manual

"Manufactured" label

Manufacturing date

XX/XXXX = Month/Year e.g. 06/2007

Identification plate

IOLMaster computer

REF

catalogue

SN

serial

Complies with 21 CFR

Subchapter J

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Safety instructions

Customer’s safety obligations

The user is responsible for ensuring that:

‰ the device is used in accordance with the instructions provided in this manual.

‰ deviations from the target refraction are precluded by proper handling of the device:

– Patient must fixate correctly

– Device must be precisely focused for keratometry or anterior chamber depth measurements.

– Biometry formulae must be properly used

– Only adjusted IOL constants may be used

‰ the device is only used in a perfect operating condition without functional impairment.

‰ the user manual and all accompanying documents are maintained in good condition and kept on or in the immediate vicinity of the device.

‰ only sufficiently trained and authorised personnel is permitted to operate, maintain and repair the device.

‰ all operating personnel receives regular instruction on all issues concerning the device and its components, that such persons are familiar with the user manual and, in particular, the safety precautions

‰ none of the warning signs on the system are removed or rendered illegible.

‰ the device is inspected daily according to Checking the measurement

functions on page 128 before any patient measurements are taken.

‰ each day no more than 20 axial length measurements are taken on each patient’s eye.

‰ a safety inspection is performed on the device each year (see page 132), in order to guarantee its perfect operating condition.

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Description

Intended use of the device

The device is to be used only for the measurement of axial length, corneal radii, anterior chamber depth and optionally for the determination of "white-to-white" of the human eye, as well as for the calculation of the required intraocular lens. Responsibility for using the device other than as intended lies with the user.

The device may only be used in combination with accessories delivered by Carl Zeiss Meditec (see Section Optional accessories on page 18).

Please consult Carl Zeiss Service regarding the use of other accessories.

Functional description

The IOLMaster is a combined biometry device for measurements on the human eye required for the preoperative computation of intraocular lens power.

It is capable of fast and precise consecutive measurement of the following eye parameters in one session: axial length, corneal curvature, anterior chamber depth and optionally "white-to-white". All measurements are non-contact, providing excellent patient comfort.

The axial length measurement is based on a patented interference optical method known as partial coherence interferometry (PCI). The displayed results of the axial length measurements are compatible with the ultrasonic immersion measurements of axial length via the use of an internal, statistically verified calculation algorithm. The familiar formulae for IOL calculation can thus be used.

However, the lens constants must be changed for use with the PCI method. Please consult the scientific literature on this subject.

The corneal curvature is determined by measuring the distance between reflected light images projected onto the cornea.

The anterior chamber depth is determined as the distance between the optical sections of the crystalline lens and the cornea produced by lateral slit illumination.

"White-to-white" is determined from the image of the iris.

The individual measurement procedures are automated, so that the operator is only required to adjust the device to the patient’s eye and initiate the measurement. For this reason the complex biometry of the eye can be rapidly learnt with the IOLMaster, but should be practised with the greatest of care and attention to detail.

Extensive integrated safety features (independent redundant hard and software safety features) ensure maximum safety for both the patient and operator when using the IOLMaster.

The control program for the computer in the device base runs under

Windows. A backlit LCD serves to observe the patient’s eye and display

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Description

the readings. The device is controlled by the joystick and computer keyboard with integrated touchpad.

Based on the readings, the program can make suggestions for the choice of intraocular lens strengths. The latter are based on internationally accepted calculation formulae. The Haigis, HofferQ,

Holladay, SRK

®

II and SRK

®

/T formulae are implemented in the software.

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The Haigis-L formula may be used to calculate IOLs after

LASIK/PRK/LASEK.

1

The refractive history or contact lens method may be used to correct the measured corneal radii/refraction following refractive corneal surgery.

1

Selected phakic implants may be calculated by the "calculation of phakic implants".

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An IOL database is likewise implemented. Prior to calculation, the latter must be filled with data for the desired lens.

On the basis of postoperative refraction results, the lens constants entered into the calculation formulae may be optimised (personalised) for each individual user.

1

Literature on the formulae (in case of specific questions please contact Carl Zeiss Meditec):

• Haigis: http://www.augenklinik.uni-wuerzburg.de/uslab/ioltxt/haid.htm

• HofferQ:

HOFFER KJ: The Hoffer Q formula: A comparison of theoretic and regression formulas. J Cataract Refract Surg, 19:700-712, 1993; ERRATA 20:677, 1994

• Holladay:

HOLLADAY JT, PRAGER TC, CHANDLER TY, MUSGROVE KH, LEWIS JW, RUIZ RS: A three-part system for refining intraocular lens power calculations. J Cataract Refract

Surg, 14:17-24, 1988

• SRKII:

RETZLAFF J: A new intraocular lens calculation formula, Am Intra-Ocular Implant

Soc J 6:148-152, 1980

• SRK/T:

RETZLAFF J, SANDERS DR, KRAFF MC: Development of the SRK/T intraocular lens implant power calculation formula. J Cataract Refract Surg 16 (3):333-340, 1990

• Haigis L:

HAIGIS W: Publication in preparation

• Correction of corneal radii/corneal refraction after corneal refractive surgery:

HOLLADAY JT: IOL calculations following RK. Refract Corneal Surg 5(3):203, 1989

HOFFER KJ: Intraocular lens power calculation for eyes after refractive keratotomy.

J Refract Surg 11:490:493, 1995

• Calculation of phakic implants: vd HEIJDE GL, FECHNER PU, WORST JGF: Optische Konsequenzen der Implantation einer negativen Intraokularlinse bei myopen Patienten. Klin MB1 Augenheilk

192:99-102, 1988

HOLLADAY JT: Refractive power calculations for intraocular lenses in the phakic eye.

Am J Ophthalmol 116:63-66, 1993

HAIGIS W: Biometry in complicated situations, 9th Conv. of DGII 1995, Rochels et al

(Hrsg.), Springer, 17-26, 1996

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Overall view

Description

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3

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7

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5

8

1

2

Joystick with release button for adjusting the measuring device horizontally (X, Y) and vertically (Z, by turning)

Display

Patient eye alignment and display of results

Red eye level marks

Patient eye level needed for optimum measurement

Instrument lock knob

Connector panel (see also Fig. 9)

Mouse connector (light green)

Keyboard connector (purple)

Keyboard (see also Fig. 10)

Optional: Printer (not shown)

Fig. 2 View from doctor's side

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18

Description

1

5

6

7

2

3

4

DVD drive/CD-RW drive for data storage and software installation

Adjustment of headrest

Patient chin rest

Holding pins for paper pads also used to mount alignment aid (test eye)

Patient forehead rest

Aperture for semiconductor diode laser (MMLD)

Device control connector

Fig. 3 View from patient’s side

Optional accessories

‰ Instrument table IT 3L

‰ Holding bar for securing the IOLMaster on the instrument table

‰ Printer

‰ Keyboard support

‰ Narrow holding bracket for securing the IOLMaster on the keyboard support

‰ Paper pads for patient chinrest

‰ Power isolation transformer for connection of external accessory units

‰ Network isolator

‰ Software option A plus

‰ Software option B

‰ Connecting cable for coupling with PC

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Description

19

Power isolation transformer for external devices

Warning

Always connect all peripheral devices, printers and monitors to the power isolation transformer.

No components other than those prescribed for the system may be connected to the power isolation transformer or instrument table. Noncompliance represents a violation of the regulations for use of medical devices under DIN EN 60601-1-1.

Likewise excepted are laser printers, as their rated supply voltage usually exceeds the permissible connected load of the power isolation transformer. Position the laser printer outside the patient’s range

(1.5 m from the patient’s seat at the device).

If the Carl Zeiss IT 3L instrument table is used, the power isolation transformer may be mounted to the underside of the tabletop. It may be secured elsewhere, but not placed on the floor.

1

1

2

1

Power cable connector with fuses

2

Power switch

Fig. 4 Power isolation transformer, input side

Warning

The IOLMaster should never be operated via the power isolation transformer!

The power isolation transformer is not a constituent part of the

IOLMaster.

2

2

2

1

Instrument connector

2

Power junction connector

Fig. 5 Power isolation transformer, output side 230 V

Fig. 6 Power isolation transformer, output side 120 V

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20

Description

Setting up the device for use

The device must be set up and commissioned by authorised representatives of Carl Zeiss; the latter will also instruct the users on operation of the device.

In general, Carl Zeiss Service will perform the following operations.

Installation

‰ Remove and unpack box containing accessories.

‰ Carefully remove the device from the box (The device should not be lifted or carried by the measuring head!).

‰ Removing shipping braces:

– Loosen device lock knob (4, Fig. 2)

– Basic setup: Turn joystick clockwise (one turn) to move the device upward and pull out the red plate underneath the base axis

(patient side).

– Remove red pads from the wheel housing of the device base.

Secure device with holding bracket

The IOLMaster can be permanently secured with the aid of a holding bracket (3, Fig. 7) Holding brackets with two different widths are available:

– 7 mm holding bracket for securing to the instrument table

– 5.5 mm holding bracket for securing to the keyboard support

Caution

The two holding brackets are mounted in the same way. Make sure you use the correct holding bracket.

Do not lift or carry the device by the measuring head!

• Tilt the IOLMaster to one side so that it rests on the patient head support.

• Remove the three hexagon socket (Allen) screws (SW3) (1, Fig. 7).

The screws may be very difficult to loosen.

Fig. 7 Mounting holding bracket

Caution

Do not remove any other screws on the base plate! Damage may otherwise be caused to the device.

• Attach the holding bracket with adhesive strips (2, Fig. 7) facing outwards.

• Secure the holding bracket with the three hexagon socket screws. Do not yet remove the protective film from the adhesive strips.

• Set the device upright and place it in the desired position.

• Now lift/tilt the device slightly and remove the protective film

(2, Fig. 7).

• Bring the device carefully into the proposed position. The adhesive strips will hold immediately. The device can no longer be shifted once it has been brought into position!

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Description

21

Electrical connection

• Connect mouse and keyboard.

• Optional: Plug in and secure monitor (VGA) and interconnecting cable (NET/COM 1)!

• Connect power cable.

• Install printer as described in Fig. 8.

Install printer according to manufacturer’s user manual.

Do not connect it to the

IOLMaster yet!

Start IOLMaster and wait until

New patient is displayed.

Caution

Use only printers recommended by Carl Zeiss Meditec! Only one printer may be installed. De-install all surplus printer drivers using menu

Setup - Printer.

Prior to using older printers, please consult Carl Zeiss Meditec whether the printer is approved for use with the IOLMaster.

Switch on printer and connect it to IOLMaster (USB/LPT 1).

The Windows installation routine will be displayed.

Select option "No, not at this time" and confirm with NEXT.

Insert installation CD for printer driver and wait for language selection to appear in selection window.

3

4

1

2

5

Power switch

Power supply plug (~)

Monitor port (VGA)

Ã

Mouse port (MOUSE)

Keyboard port (KEYB)

8

9

6

7

Printer port (LPT1)

Ã

External PC port (COM 1)

Ã

Network connector (NET)

Ã

USB interface (USB)

Ã

Select appropriate language and confirm with NEXT

.

Fig. 9 Connection panel

Ã

Warning

If connecting external devices, e.g. an external PC, to the connectors or an external monitor to the VGA connector, the operator must ensure to meet the safety requirements as per DIN EN 60601-1-1

(medical electrical systems)!

A network isolator must be inserted for connection to an external network (NET).

The IOLMaster may only be connected to private networks which are protected from public networks (Internet) by firewalls conforming to the latest technical standards!

When the device is turned on at the power switch, it will run through an internal test. Once this has been completed successfully, the device may be operated. Certain operating parameters are factory set and may be changed in the Setup menu (see page 34).

If a dialog box for the installation of additional printer software is displayed, close this box without installing another printer.

The windows installation routine will confirm that installation of the selected printer is finished.

Exit with

FINISH

.

Fig. 8 Installing the printer

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22

Operation

General notes on control

The operating system of the device's control computer works in the background. For safety reasons, it is not accessible to the user.

Warning

All attempts to manipulate the operating system are strictly prohibited!

In particular, deactivation of the Windows firewall is not permitted!

Windows operating conventions apply analogously to the user interface of the IOLMaster software. This relates to working with a mouse/touchpad, the use of icons, working with dialog boxes and menus, confirmation by double-click, etc.

Note

The system does not support all key combinations of Windows.

The special Windows keys that exist on some keyboards are ineffective.

The software uses only a few forced processes. The user may switch freely between the individual modes. For rational working the user is urgently advised to observe the sequence of measurements described from page 53 onwards.

In rare cases, Windows error messages may appear on the LC display.

This might be the case, for instance, if the program running is affected

(mostly by external disturbances).

Multiple safety mechanisms in the instrument’s hardware and software ensure that there is no risk of injury.

Caution

If warning messages appear frequently, the device should be taken out of service and labelled as such. Then call Carl Zeiss Service.

The device does not support the submission of automatically generated problem reports to Microsoft!

The device may be operated by:

‰ using the icons (by cursor, touchpad) or

‰ keyboard or

‰ menus.

Measurements are initiated by pressing the button on the joystick.

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Operation by touchpad and keyboard

Operation

23

1

2

3

Touchpad

Left button

Right button

Fig. 10 Touchpad control

‰ Move the cursor by touching the touchpad with your finger and moving it as desired.

‰ Single and double clicks are possible by tapping a finger on the touchpad or pressing the left button.

‰ To drag the cursor, hold the left mouse button depressed while moving the finger across the touchpad.

‰ The right button is only functional for:

– resetting the zoom function (page 101)

– continuous positioning of the measuring cursor while dragging

(see page 104)

Single click

Double click

Selection of menu, textbox or entry.

Operation of Windows buttons or icons

OK, confirmation of actions.

In addition to program control via touchpad you may also activate certain menus by pressing individual keys or key combinations (see

Menu overview on page 28 and Overview of buttons and shortcut keys on page 25 ff.).

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24

Operation

Screen layout

1

2

3

4

9

10

7

8

5

6

3

4

1

2

10 9 8 7

Menu bar

Display field for measurements of right eye

Display field for video images

Display field for measurements of left eye

Eye

Mode (additionally in ALM mode: number of measurements)

Last name

First name

Icons

System messages/progress bar

6

Fig. 11 Screen layout

5

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Operation

25

Overview of buttons and shortcut keys

<N>

Activates patient data entry screen.

Explanations

For new patients, input of patient data is essential

<O>

Activates overview mode and light spots.

Functions in all modes and for every measurement

<A>

<K>

<D>

<W>

<I>

<P>

<S>

<X>

<E>

Activates axial length measurement mode.

Activates keratometer

(corneal curvature measurement) mode.

Activates anterior chamber depth measurement mode.

Activates WTW determination (optional)

WTW = white-to-white

Activates IOL calculation.

Calculation already possible after measurement of one eye

Prints results obtained hitherto

Sends data

Transfers data to CD-

RW or USB flash drive

Exits IOLMaster software and Windows and shuts down the device

Requirement: A suitable computer must be connected to the serial interface or the

IOLMaster must be connected to a network*

Requirement: CD-RW has been inserted into the drive or USB flash drive is connected to USB port.

Functions in all modes and for every measurement; in case of damage: pull out power supply plug immediately!

Warning

Ã

If connecting external devices, e.g. an external PC, monitor or an external network, the operator must ensure the safety requirements are met as per DIN EN 60601-1-1

(medical electrical systems)!

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26

Operation

Key functions without icons

Key Function Notes

Space bar

Cyclic change of modes:

ALM, KER, ACD, WTW

ALM

… o KER o ACD o WTW

Joystick button

<DEL>

Program continuation/

Activates measurement

In overview mode: change to

ALM mode

In ALM, KER, ACD and WTW mode

Deletes the selected ALM or KER measurement from the list

Only in ALM, KER and WTW mode with acknowledgment

<M>

<CTRL>

<CTRL>

+

<Z>

+

<P>

Briefly inactivates

"automatic" function

Briefly interrupts adjustment aid automatic function in KER mode

Restores the last measurement

Effective in ALM mode: prints the image of the selected graph; effective in WTW mode: prints the selected image of the eye.

Effective only in KER, ACD and

WTW mode

ALM: one graph only

WTW: right and left eye

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Operation

Summary of result displays

Display Meaning Notes

3 rd

axial length measurement (22.55 mm) selected.

Displays measurement curve of this measurement.

Unreliable value

SNR displays YELLOW

(SNR = signal-to-noise ratio)

Measuring error

SNR display RED

"Borderline SNR" (uncertain value) appears above graph.

Result should be examined by the user for validity.

"Error!" appears above axial length graph.

Result has been manipulated.

* remains displayed even if manipulation has been undone!

SNR display and SNR

(signal-to-noise ratio) beside signal curve

Values for the peak below the measuring cursor.

SNR: 6.4

Measuring cursor is positioned above signal peak

27

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28

Operation

Menu overview

Patient

New

entry of new patient; entry compulsory

Erase

Deletes patient data

Functions

Undo

Undoes last KER/VKT value

Recover

Recovers deleted ALM readings

ALM Settings

Accessible in ALM mode only

Phakic

Aphakic

Rename

Renames patient data

Overview

Activates overview mode

Pseudophakic silicon

Pseudophakic memory

Query waiting room...

Export

Exports patient data to

CD-RW

Send

Sends data via interface

(serial, DICOM oder EMR)

Remark

Edits a comment

Print

Prints measurement table

Print current graph

Prints the selected graph in ALM mode

Axial length measurement

Activates ALM mode

Corneal curvature measurement

Activates KER mode

Anterior chamber depth measurement

Activates ACD measurement

White-to-white determination

Activates WTW determination

IOL Calculation

Pseudophakic PMMA

Pseudophakic acrylate

Silicon-filled eye

Silicon-filled eye, aphakic silicon-filled eye, pseudophakic

Phakic IOL PMMA

(0.2 mm)

Primary piggy-back silicon (SLM 2)

Primary piggy-back hydrophobic acrylate

Print current current

WTW images

Prints the current images in WTW mode

Print previev

Displays print preview

Options

Test eye

Activates/deactivates measurement mode for test eye

Lens database

Enters and edits user and

IOL data

Setup

Adjusts various settings

Date/time

Sets system clock

Program settings

Adjusts program/export/ network/view settings

User management/ User manager

Regional settings

Windows routine

Printer

Opens system folder

SW option

Installs/de-installs software options

Update

Installs software update

Carl Zeiss Meditec

Teleservice

Opens remote maintenance dialog box

Service

Only for service

(password-protected)

Printer setup

Selects printer options

Logout

Logs current user off and opens login window

Exit

Exits application and

Windows

?

About IOLMaster

Displays and prints information on program version

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Operation

Options menu

Test eye

The calibration of the device can be checked with this function (see

Section Checking the measurement functions on page 128).

Lens database

Since the device may be used for the preparation of eye surgery by a number of surgeons, surgeon-specific records may be created. This is performed using the Lens database in the Options menu.

• Click on

LENS DATABASE

in the Options pull-down menu. The dialog box for entering surgeon-specific data will appear.

Fig. 12 Options menu

29

Fig. 13 Please enter password dialog box

Note

When the device is delivered, the Lens database only contains the administrator without any password specifications

Only the administrator is entitled to add or delete users and edit their databases.

Note

Individual users may edit their databases only if password protection has been set. If no password protection was set, the databases are accessible to all users!

If Change password is checked, the administrator may assign himself a password in this dialog box.

• Type in the password in the New password and Confirmation text boxes.

• Confirm your entry with

OK

.

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30

Operation

• To create a new lens database the administrator must open his or her own database by selecting Administrator in the Name list box.

A dialog box appears, in which new users may be added.

Fig. 14 Lens database - Administrator dialog box

• Type in the name of the new user.

• If several users share the device it is recommended specifying a password each, which must be repeated in the Confirmation text box.

• You can

ADD

the new users you have thus entered. In the case of existing users, you can

SET

any changes in the name or password.

• If you wish to delete user data from the database, click on the

ERASE

button after having selected the name in the left window.

• Click

OK

to confirm your user entries. The new user is now registered in the database.

• For the entry of lens data, refer to Filling the IOL database (page 75 f.).

Note

Should a user forget his or her password, the administrator may assign a new password. To do this, the logged-on administrator must highlight the user in the left box and assign a new password with the

SET

command button.

Caution

A forgotten administrator password can only be recovered by

Carl Zeiss Service!

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Operation

Data store

Backup (creating a backup copy)

With the

BACKUP

function, you can save to a CD-RW the patient data used for the optimisation of IOL constants together with the IOL data of all surgeons and corresponding lenses used for the calculation.

Note

If you wish to export data to a CD-RW, you must insert a formatted CD-RW into the drive. The CD-RW must be formatted elsewhere (e.g. office PC) in UDF format. Only the Nero InCD is suitable for formatting in UDF format. Alternatively, use one of the formatted CD-RWs as supplied.

Warning

A compressed and password-protected file is created in the CD-RW. Do not attempt to read or manipulate this file using other programs!

The respective measurement readings are saved together with the patient’s personal data, regardless of the set deletion date.

The backup process also includes the tables used for IOL constant optimisation (assignment of surgeon/lens/patient/eye/post-operative data). Additionally, the IOL constants currently used for calculation will be saved for all surgeons.

Note

In this way, all critical patient and IOL data can be saved together with the data required for lens optimization. Individual values of axial length, corneal curvature/refractive power, anterior chamber depth, WTW are not saved and may get lost, e.g. in the case of a hard disk fault.

Follow this procedure to create a backup copy:

• In the Lens Database activate Administrator.

• Click the

BACKUP

command button to initiate the backup process.

• Insert a UDF-formatted CD-RW into the drive.

• Confirm with

OK

.

• It may be necessary to delete existing data on the CD-RW (conform with

YES

). Answering with

NO

will abort the backup process.

The data will now be copied to the CD-RW. A progress bar will show the status of the copying process.

• Finally, you will be informed that data backup was successful.

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31

32

Operation

Restore

By using the

RESTORE

function you can retransfer saved data from a CD-

RW to the IOLMaster. Follow this procedure to restore saved data:

• In the Lens Database activate Administrator.

Click

RESTORE

.

Insert the CD-RW with the latest backup copy; confirm with

OK

.

• Confirm with

YES

that all surgeon data currently stored on the

IOLMaster is to be copied, together with the respective IOL data and patient data available for optimising the IOL constants.

Database data will now be copied from the CD-RW to the IOLMaster.

A progress bar will show the status of the copying process.

• Finally, the program will inform you if the restore action was a success.

Note

After backed up data has been restored, the Lens Database will reflect the status at the time of backup. All newly registered patients since this time will be irretrievably lost!

Import

The Import function permits IOL data (name and respective IOL constants) to be transferred back to the IOLMaster from a database saved to CD-RW or USB flash drive (Version 1.1 or later). Imported data may be assigned to one or several surgeons.

Prior to import, download the available IOL data from the Internet.

Copy the IOL data to a storage medium

Note

Download IOL data using a PC connected to the Internet and a

CD-(RW-) recorder or USB flash drive

.

Caution

Do not use a network-connected IOLMaster for the download!

• Log into www.meditec.zeiss.com/iolmaster.

• Select Optimized lens constants from More information.

• Follow the prompts now appearing on the screen.

• Save the file (do not select Open!) on the desired storage medium.

• Do not extract the ZIP file!

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Operation

Importing IOL data from the storage medium to the IOLMaster

• In the Lens Database activate Administrator.

• Click on the

IMPORT

button.

• Insert the CD-RW or USB flash drive with the database to be imported and confirm with

OK

.

33

Fig. 15 Import of lens constant data dialog box

• Choose the desired lenses; select several lenses with

<CTRL>

+ cursor

+ click (selected lenses appear highlighted in blue).

• Choose the surgeon (one or more) with

<CTRL>

+ cursor + click

(selected surgeons appear highlighted in blue); if not already existent, the desired surgeons must be created beforehand.

• Accept with

>>

. A progress bar will show the status of the copying process. The selected lens data will be added to the selected surgeons.

• Close the dialog box with

OK

.

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34

Fig. 16 Setup submenu

Operation

Setup

The Setup submenu contains the following entries:

‰ Date/Time

Opens the Windows routine for setting the system clock.

‰ Program settings/Program

Language: IOLMaster dialogs in German, English or other languages (change requires system restart).

– Display of visual acuity: Decimal or Snellen. Entry of visual acuity in Patient data dialog box.

Database: Storage time of datasets (5 ... 365 days). All figures between 5 and 365 are possible. 365 days are set at the time of delivery. Data records can be identified or sorted by Name, first name, … or by ID Number.

Caution

Please note that when switching from Name, first name… mode to

ID Number all data records without an ID Number will not be listed

(entry of an ID is not essential). This also applies analogously to switching from ID Number to Name, first name… if a name was not previously entered.

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Operation

Keratometer

Display: For displaying during IOL calculation, the specification may be as a Radius or Corneal K's or - Cylinder or + Cylinder.

Refractive index: Entry of equivalent refractive index for conversion of corneal radii to corneal K’s. Enter the refractive index implemented on your keratometer (refer to respective user manual).

Adjustment aid Keratometer / Anterior chamber depth

Adjustment aid KER: If the

ADJUSTMENT AID

is activated for the

Keratometer, a traffic-light display will appear on measurement of the corneal curvature. When the optimum measurement position for the patient has been reached, the traffic light will change from red to yellow to green. If the

AUTOMATIC KER

is also activated, upon pressing the joystick knob three measurements will be automatically and consecutively triggered after the best-possible setting for the patient has been made and the traffic light has changed to green.

Adjustment aid ACD: If the

ADJUSTMENT AID

is activated for the anterior chamber depth (ACD), a traffic-light display will appear on measurement of the ACD. When the optimum measurement position for the patient has been reached, the traffic light will change from red to yellow to green. If the

AUTOMATIC ACD

is also activated, upon pressing the joystick knob the measurement will be automatically triggered after the best-possible setting for the patient has been made and the traffic light has changed to green.

Fig. 17 Dialog box Program settings/Program - Keratometer and Keratometer/

Anterior chamber depth adjustment aid

Printing of IOL calculation data

Choose whether you wish to have the calculated IOL data of both eyes printed on a single page or only one eye per page. In addition, in this field you may enter the name of the clinic to appear on the printout of the IOL calculation.

Select

EMMETROPY IOL

if desired.

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35

36

Operation

‰ Program settings/Export (requires Option A plus)

Select export settings. Under Identification select the patient identification categories, under Measurement Values the values to be exported, and under File output the corresponding output path. The file name can be freely selected. By convention, the file name may not contain the separators ": / \ ? * ". Data will be saved in (*.csv) text format (separator selectable) and may be read using other applications (e.g. MS Excel):

Fig. 18 Program settings/Export dialog box

‰ Program settings/Network

Warning

Configuration and changes to the network settings should only be carried out by an experienced network administrator.

Network information

Here you will find all the key network information such as

Computer Name, Working Group, IP and MAC address. Use the

CHANGE NETWORK SETTINGS BUTTON

to configure the

IP address.

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Operation

Serial Port:

Use the Serial Port to exchange data with another PC, or the practice administration system installed on it.

Choose old, if the connected office management system only allows import of data of interface software versions 1.01 to 2.02

(patient data, measured values).

Choose new (with IOL calc. table) (requires option A plus), if the connected office management system can import all offered data according to interface software version 3.0 and higher.

COM speed provides a choice of standard transfer rates in Baud.

DICOM (requires Option N):

Activate the option box under DICOM (Digital Imaging and

Communications in Medicine) to exchange DICOM-standard data with the information system of your hospital. For example, with the help of the DICOM Modality Worklist you can automatically transfer jobs, including all relevant patient data, from the hospital's information system to the IOLMaster.

You need to configure the Network Broker to be able to use this option. Access the Network Broker Configuration Tool by clicking the

BROKER CONFIGURATION

button.

Warning

Configuration and changes to the network settings should only be carried out by an experienced network administrator.

EMR (requires Option N)

If you activate the option button EMR (Electronic Medical

Record), you can exchange data with the EMR system of your clinic or practice.

To do this, the IP address, the port of the EMR server, the

Application Entity Title IOLMaster (free choice of device name for the IOLMaster, but must be unique within the network) and the Application Entity Title EMR (this name must correspond to the one given in the EMR system) must be entered in the relevant text boxes.

37

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38

Operation

‰ Program settings/View

Depending on how your EMR or DICOM system is configured, you can adjust the display of the patient measurements in the 2nd level of the patient tree (patient manager list in database field).

Select Accession No. + Date if your system issues a process number.

Select Requested ProcedureID + Date if your system uses the examination method-assigned IDs. Otherwise select the Date option.

‰ Program settings/User management

System login

IOLMaster and the patient database can be protected by means of a password (acc. to HIPAA). For this purpose, activate the option

Operator login with password. A password must contain at least one character.

Fig. 19 Program settings/User management dialog box

Note

The option

OPERATOR LOGIN WITH PASSWORD

and screen saver, together with password protection, should not be activated until further users (see below) have been registered and their passwords entered.

If you change the Admin password, you are advised to note down the new password, e.g. in the device record book. The user administration system cannot be accessed without the

Administrator password!

If the password is lost, a number code will be displayed after three unsuccessful attempts. This number code will enable service personnel to reset the device.

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Operation

As soon as you have confirmed the new program settings with

OK

, a login dialog will appear. From now on the IOLMaster can only be used by logging in with password. The default setting is user Admin with the password 0000 (4x zero) in the User manager. To change the password, select the option Change password, enter your user name and old password and confirm with

OK

.

Fig. 20 Login dialog box

In addition, a screen saver with a freely adjustable interval can be activated. The screen saver appears if the IOLMaster has been inactive for longer than the set interval. This prevents unauthorised access to protected patient data.

The

PASSWORD PROTECTION

option offers added protection. If this is activated, you will only be able to work with the IOLMaster and its database after logging on again with the password.

39

Fig. 21 Program settings/User management dialog box

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40

Operation

User Manager

Click on the

USER MANAGER

button. The dialog box on the lefthand side of the User Management in the User Manager permits further users to be registered (with the

NEW

button), their password to be specified (

CHANGE PASSWORD

) or users to be deleted (

DELETE

).

Fig. 22 Program settings/User management - User manager dialog box

Each user may be a member of one or more user groups. For this purpose, highlight the respective user. The user groups to which this user belongs are shown in the right-hand window Membership.

The user can be assigned to one of the following user groups by clicking on

ADD

:

– The Administrator has unrestricted access rights to User

management, the Lens database (see page 29) and the Setup menu.

– The Surgeon only has an access right to the respective tab in the

Lens database. This tab is created automatically when the user account is established in the User Manager.

– The Assistant has no right of access to the Lens database.

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Operation

All user groups may enter/rename patient data and perform measurements / calculate IOLs.

Users who are not members of any of the above user groups may work on the IOLMaster in the usual way, but they may not change any of the system settings.

To remove a user from a user group, highlight the name and click on

REMOVE

.

Note

The rights of the Surgeon and Assistant user groups in the User

Group Administration may be extended to include access to the

IOLMaster Setup menu and the deletion of patient data.

‰ Regional settings

Opens the Windows routine for regional settings.

‰ Printer

Opens the Windows printer folder. This function is only needed for:

– showing the printer queue

– displaying the properties of the installed printer. Here you will find advice on operating and maintaining the printer

– removing a printer that is no longer required (see also page 21).

‰ SW option

Installing or de-installing a software option

‰ Update

To install a new software version from a CD:

– Insert an update CD into the drive.

– Click on Update to start the software update installation routine.

– Follow the instructions on the screen up to the restart prompt.

– Remove update CD from the drive. If the IOLMaster reappears in

New patient mode after restarting, the installation of the software update has been completed.

41

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42

Operation

‰ Carl Ceiss Meditec Teleservice (requires Option T)

Used for remote maintenance of IOLMaster by Carl Zeiss Service (see section Remote maintenance (optional), page 127).

‰ Service

For servicing purposes and password-protected.

Warning

Unauthorised persons may under no circumstances use the service password. The safety warranty for the medical device will otherwise become invalid!

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Operation

Network Broker configuration (optional)

Note

The Network Broker configuration described on the following pages should only be performed by experienced network administrators.

43

Fig. 23 Network Broker Configuration Tool, start screen x Start the Network Broker Configuration Tool by clicking on the

BROKER CONFIGURATION

button in the Program setting/Network menu (see page 37).

x Select the desired language for the configuration instructions and click

CONTINUE

.

Note

Click the

HELP

button in all of the configuration tool windows to obtain assistance at each configuration step. Use the

CONTINUE

and

BACK

buttons to navigate between the individual configuration steps. Click

CANCEL

to cancel the configuration dialog

.

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44

Operation

Fig. 24 Network Broker Configuration Tool, step 1

You can create a new configuration using the Network Broker

Configuration Tool or edit an existing configuration. It is only possible to edit an existing configuration if such a configuration has already been created for the configuration tool to call up. When adapting an existing configuration a backup of the old configuration is automatically made, meaning that configuration can be cancelled at any time without loss of data.

• Once you have selected a task, click on

CONTINUE.

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Operation

45

Fig. 25 Network Broker Configuration Tool, step 2

• Select the IOLMaster from the list of devices.

Activate the

SOCKET COMMUNICATION

option.

(The

FEP COMMUNICATION

option is not permitted.)

• Click on

CONTINUE.

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46

Operation

Fig. 26 Network Broker Configuration Tool, step 3

• Enter the name of the device in the DICOM Application Entity

Title field.

This is the name by which the Network Broker communicates with the

DICOM Storage Provider and the DICOM Modality Worklist Provider.

Note

The name of the Network Broker must be registered with the provider of the DICOM service.

To register a name contact the DICOM network administrator.

Note

If you use inadmissible characters when entering the name, it will be shown in red in the DICOM Application Entity Title box and an exclamation mark will appear to the left of input field.

• Click on

CONTINUE.

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Operation

47

Fig. 27 Network Broker Configuration Tool, step 4

• Enter the name of the DICOM Modality Worklist Provider in the

Application Entity Title field. The address and port via which the provider is contacted must be entered in the Host/IP and Port fields respectively.

Note

To register a name contact the DICOM network administrator.

• A maximum timeout period for the provider can be entered in the

Timeout field.

• The

CONNECTION TEST

button allows you to check the connection to the specified host.

• The

MODALITY WORKLIST DIALOG

check box allows you to determine whether a dialog is displayed for the modality worklist.

• You can decide whether you wish to select single or multiple entries in this dialog box.

If you have selected the

MULTI-SELECTION

option, enter the maximum number of selection possibilities in the Maximum box.

Then click on

CONTINUE

.

Note

By default, the maximum is set to "N". This means you can select the entire list.

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48

Operation

Fig. 28 Network Broker Configuration Tool, step 5

• Enter the name of the DICOM Storage Provider in the Application

Entity Title field.

• The address and port via of the provider must be entered in the

Host/IP and Port fields respectively.

Note

To register a name contact the DICOM network administrator.

• A maximum timeout period for the provider can be entered in the

Timeout field.

• The

CONNECTION TEST

button allows you to check the connection to the specified host.

• Use the SC Scaling Factor to specify whether the image output should be scaled down (not for PDF). Activation of this option is not recommended for the IOLMaster.

• Then click on

CONTINUE

.

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Operation

49

Fig. 29 Network Broker Configuration Tool, step 6

• Enter the name of the Network Broker in the CZM-XML environment in the CZM-XML Application Entity Title text box.

• Under Port enter the port number through which the Network

Broker can be addressed for socket communication. The standard value 1042 can generally be used.

• Then click on

CONTINUE

.

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50

Operation

Fig. 30 Network Broker Configuration Tool, step 7

• Enter the name of the IOLMaster in the CZM-XML environmanet in the CZM-XML Application Entity Title text box.

• Then click on

CONTINUE

.

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Operation

51

Fig. 31 Network Broker Configuration Tool, step 8

• Define the "HotKey" button to activate the Storage dialog.

• Activate the

SHOW STORAGE DIALOG ONLY ON PRESSING "HOTKEY"

check box if the Storage window appears only after pressing the

"Hotkeys" and not after every storage request.

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Operation

Fig. 32 Network Broker Configuration Tool, step 9

• Select the language for the Network Broker application from the

Network Broker language list.

• Then click on

CONTINUE.

In this last step click on

OK

to save the configuration settings made to the configuration file.

If the configuration has been correctly concluded, the Network Broker

Configuration Tool will automatically end at this point.

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Operation

Preparing for measurements

Switching the device on

• Turn the device on at the power switch (1, Fig. 9). The device will start automatically and perform a self-test, after which the Patient manager screen will appear (Fig. 33).

• After switching on the device will prompt a daily calibration check prior to patient measurements.

• After confirming with

OK

check the measurement functions as described on page 128.

Warning

Axial length [ALM], corneal curvature [KER], anterior chamber depth

[ACD] and white-to-white [WTW] should never be measured through contact lenses as this produces incorrect results.

Patient Manager (New patient)

The Patient manager manages all existing patient data and the admission of new patients (see Fig. 33; for working with existing patients see page 91).

New patients can be entered manually in the patient manager or be imported from via the DICOM or EMR interface from the waiting room.

Search line

Enter patient details

(mand.)

Enter refraction and visual acuity data

(optional)

Remarks window

(optional)

Database window

Fig. 33 New patient dialog box

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53

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Operation

Patients who have been imported via the EMR or DICOM interface from the waiting room into the database are indicated by the "person on network" symbol in the database field. The person is shown in blue if measurements are already available. The colour is grey if no measurements exist yet.

Import of patient data via DICOM interface (optional)

For hospital operation, patient data in DICOM format can be imported directly from the DICOM modality worklist of the hospital network server.

To call up patient data from the waiting room via the DICOM interface, the

DICOM

option must be activated in the menu Options Æ Setup Æ

Program settings/Network (see page 36 f.) and the Network Broker must be configured accordingly (see section Network Broker

configuration on page 43 ff.).

• Select Patient Æ Query waiting room… in the New Patient input window.

Fig. 34 Network Broker/Patient based query dialog box

The Network Broker input window opens.

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Operation

The number of patients shown can be limited using the four filter criteria Patient ID, Patient Name, Accession number and

Requested Procedure ID on the Patient Based Query tab. When entering the search criteria you can use the character * as a wildcard parameter for any character. To separate the first and last name use the caret symbol ^. If you leave any box empty, no filter will be applied for this element. If you leave all four boxes empty the entire patient list will be shown.

55

Fig. 35 Network Broker/Broad query dialog box

On the left side of the Broad Query tab you can use the >Modality search box to search for patients for a specific device (modality). The options on the right can be used to restrict the query period. If you leave these boxes empty the entire patient list will be shown.

In both tabs, start the query by clicking

EXECUTE

, or cancel by clicking

CANCEL

. Use

RESET FIELDS

to reset all query boxes to their standard values.

• Enter the desired search criteria in the appropriate boxes and start the query by clicking

EXECUTE

.

• Select the patients to be imported from the patient list shown.

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Operation

Use the

SELECT ALL

button to select the entire patient list,

INVERT

SELECTION

to invert the selection and

CLEAR SELECTION

to deselect entries.

• Click

OK

to confirm the import of the selected data.

The patient data from the waiting room will now be imported into the local database of the device.

Import of patient data from a practice administration system

(EMR system, optional)

Data of patients to be examined with the device can also be imported directly from the patient list in the practice management system.

To call up patient data from the waiting room via the EMR interface, the

EMR

option must be activated in the menu Options Æ Setup Æ

Program settings/Network (see page 36 f.) and correctly configured.

• Select Patient Æ Query waiting room… in the New Patient input window.

The patient data from the waiting room will now be imported into the local database of the device.

Note

The patient list will be combined with the patient data to be imported in the office management system. No search criteria or queries are possible with the device software.

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57

Manual patient input

If you cannot import the data of a new patient from an existing information system via the DICOM or EMR interface, you must enter this patient's data manually.

Patients entered manually in the database are labelled in the patient manager list with a symbol showing a blue man on an index card.

To register a new patient manually, proceed as follows:

The personal data of patients not yet listed in the database (New patient) must be entered into the text boxes on the right-hand side of the

New patient

dialog box via the keyboard. No special characters other than "-", ".", " ’ ", "_" are permitted.

To move the text cursor to the next dialog box press the

TAB

or

ENTER

key or click the mouse.

The following special characters are permitted for entering patient data:

Minus

Dot

Apostrophe

Underline

'

.

-

_

Note

Depending on the program setting (see page

34

), the entry of either the last and first name (case-sensitive) and date of birth or an ID Number is mandatory.

The date of birth will be accepted depending on the Windows setting; the year may also be entered as a four-digit number (yyyy)

- mandatory for patients over a hundred years old!

Note

It is recommended that the patient’s refraction data, if known, be entered in the respective boxes. Visual acuity data can only be entered in the data format set in Program settings (see page 34).

Up to 255 characters may be entered in the Remark field (comments, diagnoses, etc.).

Note

Refer to page 91 for working with the database field.

In Program Settings you can set the number of days after which a data record is automatically deleted (5 to 365 days).

• To close, after entering the date of birth click on the

NEW

button or press the

ENTER

key.

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Operation

This will automatically activate the Overview [OVW] mode. The fixation light and light spots will be switched on. The patient will see a yellow fixation light in the centre and six light spots (reflex points in the patient’s pupil) will appear in the video image.

• Press the

NEW PATIENT

button to open the New Patient dialog box in the measurement mode.

• Press the

EXIT

icon in Patient Manager to quit the program and

Windows.

1 2

1

2

Circle of light spots for focusing

Cross hairs

Fig. 36 Video image with correctly set device

Adjusting the device to the patient

The two red ring marks (3, Fig. 2) on the side rails of the headrest are for rough vertical adjustment of the chin rest, (3, Fig. 3).The patient’s eyes should be level with these marks.

In Overview mode, align the device to the patient’s eye using the joystick (1, Fig. 2) Turn the control knob for vertical adjustment. Tell the patient to look steadily at the fixation point in the centre.

Adjust the device-to-patient distance until the 6 light spots (1, Fig. 36) appear focused. If possible, the 6 light spots should be centred on the cross hairs and the edge of the pupil/iris structure should appear in focus.

The position of the device in relation to the patient’s eye thus found serves as a starting point for fine adjustments to be made in the respective measurement mode.

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Axial length measurement [ALM] with Advanced Technology

The IOLMaster with Advanced Technology features superior signal processing in axial length measurement mode compared to the

IOLMaster without this technology. In many cases this enables an overall evaluation of individual axial length measurements (composite signal), producing an axial length result without the need for manual evaluation as described on page 98. In some cases the axial length can even be determined where this would not have been possible from individual readings.

The IOLMaster displays the single signal of the axial length measurement in red and it is marked with an S on the ordinate. The

SNR (signal-noise ratio) is shown on the x-axis.

In contrast, the composite signal is shown in blue and marked with a C on the ordinate. The increased SNR of the composite signal is likewise shown on the x-axis.

The SNR ranges

– "Measuring error" = red

– "Uncertain value" / "Borderline value" = yellow

– Value with good SNR = green are signalised by a traffic light.

Axial lengths are measured with the IOLMaster with Advanced

Technology in the customary manner, or as described on page 61.

Take at least five individual measurements. The axial length measurement signal for the first four measurements is displayed as usual immediately after the measurement. From the fifth individual measurement, the composite signal is calculated in the background.

After each individual measurement the axial length signal (red) is thus first of all briefly displayed for about 1 second. This is followed by the display of the composite signal (blue).

In addition, insofar as it could be determined, the axial length measurement of the composite signal is displayed below the horizontal bar in the list of measurements.

Measuring Uncertain Value with

59

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Operation

If no axial length reading could be determined after the first five individual measurements, additional measurements should be taken.

With stronger lens opacities, it may be advisable to defocus the device.

You may choose a reflection as large as the circle on the display. Also try measurements by height variation (turning the joystick) of the refocused reflection at the lower and/or upper edge of the circle on the display.

Warning

Ensure that the device permits no more than 20 measurements per eye and day.

Do not delete any single measurements, e.g. because they have a very low SNR or no axial length measurement could be determined from the single signal alone (SNR with "!" or "--"). Even a noisy signal may contain usable information on axial length that can be used for calculating the composite signal. The new technology of the IOLMaster

Advanced Technology is based precisely on the evaluation and use of information from all single measuring signals. This eliminates the need for post-run editing of the single signals. They should only be consulted if the composite signal has multiple peaks. In this case post-run editing may be advisable, taking into account the single signals and axial length of the other eye.

The overall axial length measurement is post-run edited as described on page 103 onwards.

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Operation

61

Axial length measurement [ALM]

Activate the ALM mode by:

• clicking on the

ALM

icon or

• pressing key

A

, or

• pressing the button on the joystick in Overview mode [OVM].

Switching to ALM mode will automatically change the magnification ratio: a smaller section of the eye becomes visible with the reflection of the alignment light and a vertical line (1, Fig. 37).

• The patient should look at the red fixation point in the centre. A crosshair (3, Fig. 37) with a circle in the middle will appear on the display.

• Fine-align the device so that the reflection of the alignment light

(2, Fig. 37) appears within the circle.

1

2

3

Vertical line

Reflection of alignment light

Cross hairs

Warning

The patient should be asked if he or she sees the fixation point. If the patient fails to fixate properly, the visual axis will not be correctly recognised, which may result in measuring errors.

Measurements should not be taken while a patient is wearing contact lenses, as this will result in measuring errors.

• Trigger the measurement by pressing the knob on the joystick.

The axial length of the single measuring signal will be shown in the respective display panel next to the video image. A red graph will be superimposed on the video image, similar to that familiar from ultrasonic devices. The signal-noise ration [SNR] will be displayed simultaneously as a value. This value is a gauge of the quality of measurement. Measurements with an SNR between 1.6 and 1.9 appear with an exclamation mark (!) after the reading and the message

"Borderline value!" (uncertain value) will appear.

Readings in the series of measured values that deviate from the internally calculated composite value by more than 50 μm are shown in red and marked “multiple peaks”. If the SNR is below 1.6, no reliable axis length can be determined from the single measuring signal. In this case dashes "--" are shown.

Fig. 37 View prior to axial length measurement

1

2

3

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Operation

Note

"Borderline value!" does not necessarily mean that the reading is incorrect and must be rejected. It rather means that all axial length measurements for the eye should be checked for plausibility and consistency and compared with the reading, e.g. according to the usual ultrasonic biometry criteria. If the

"uncertain" values are determined to concur with the other readings, the readings marked "Borderline value!" should also be accepted as valid axial lengths. Do not delete any single measurements, e.g. only because they have a very low SNR or no axial length measurement could be determined (SNR with "!" or

"--"). Such signals can also contain usable information on axial length for use in the calculation of the composite signal.

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Operation

Note

The IOLMaster requires five measurements to be taken! The message measure again will thus appear. Only then will the composite signal be calculated and displayed as a blue measurement curve following the red individual measuring signal.

If an axial length measurement can be determined from this composite signal, it will be transferred to the IOL calculation and an evaluation will be performed. Only the number of measurements is crucial here. To obtain consistent results we recommend checking the individual axial length measurements and carrying out further measurements if necessary.

With stronger lens opacities, it may be advisable to defocus the device.

You may choose a reflection (2, Fig. 37) as large as the circle on the display. If measurements are even now impossible, the device can be refocused and the reflection shifted to the bottom and/or top margin of the circle on the display by varying the vertical adjustment (turning joystick).

Note

Defocusing and shifting the reflection within the circle will have

no effect on the result, because interferometric axial length measurement is completely independent of distance.

• For the next measurement of this eye, press the button in the joystick.

Warning

Up to 20 such measurements per eye may be taken on a single day.

Avoid measurements of eyes with retinal detachment. In such cases, measuring errors cannot be precluded.

As a rule, the axial length should be viewed together with the values for corneal refraction and overall refraction, and checked for plausibility. It is likewise helpful to compare the right and left eyes.

The composite signal is calculated after the fifth measurement. Initially, the individual signals are displayed in red. After a delay of about

1 second the composite signal is then displayed in blue. In addition, the axial length reading determined from this composite signal will appear.

The composite signal will be re-calculated after each further individual measurement, and an axial length calculated therefrom. Should a reading deviate from another by more than 0.05 mm, it will be displayed in red and the message "Multiple peaks" will appear. This indicates that the individual measurements should be scrutinised and the composite signal may need to be post-run edited (see Post-run

editing of axial length measurements, page 103 ff.).

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Operation

Until an axial length can be determined from the composite signal, the word Evaluation! will be displayed below the horizontal line in the list of measurements. This warning will also be issued if a significant axial length could be determined from a single measurement, but this information is not contained in any further single measurement. If the warning "Multiple peaks" appears, certain axial lengths from the single measurements deviate from each other by more than 50 μm. In this case the axial length from the composite signal (blue) should be viewed with the axial lengths from the single measuring signals (red) in conjunction with the values for corneal refraction and checked for plausibility. It is also advisable to include the axial length of the other eye in the consideration. If no reading can be determined from the composite signal, no value will be transferred to the IOL calculation and database for constant optimisation. Until the fourth individual measurement has been taken, the last reading will be highlighted in blue. From the fifth individual measurement onwards, the composite signal is highlighted in blue. The blue highlighting can be moved through the table of individual readings with the aid of the cursor buttons np. In this way the signal curves of the individual measurements can be displayed. Deleted individual measurements can be restored with

Functions/Recover. The composite signal can be displayed by clicking on the composite reading.

"--" in the display field denotes readings with an SNR smaller than 1.6.

The following plausibility tests are performed with the axial length measurement (AL) from the composite signal:

AL < 22 mm (indication of short ocular axis)

AL > 25 mm (indication of long ocular axis)

When both eyes have been measured, the difference in axial lengths between right and left is also checked. If the latter exceeds 0.3 mm, a message appears to check the readings once again.

If this warning appears, be sure to verify that no pathological changes have occurred in the eye. If necessary, the measurements must be repeated (provided the maximum of 20 measurements per eye and day has not already been reached). Only confirm the warning with

OK

if you are certain that the readings are plausible. Otherwise, determine what has caused the implausible readings. A reference to the displayed plausibility test message will be transferred to the comments box.

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Operation

The number of measurements of the respective eye taken on this particular day is displayed in the Mode field of the status bar next to

"ALM". If the count reaches 20 no further measurements of this eye can be taken on this day. The counter cannot be reset. Deleted readings

(see above) do not affect the measurement counter!

65

Fig. 38 Video image after axial length measurement

ALM of non-phakic eyes

To measure non-phakic eyes, select the corresponding mode from the

AL settings menu. This special AL mode is displayed in the video image field and will be active until you reset it via the menu. The device will also be reset to phakic mode if you change to the patient’s other eye or a new patient.

If the axis length of eyes with phakic implants not listed in the additional AL settings is to be measured, the following compensation values according to PD Dr Wolfgang Haigis of Würzburg University

Clinic, Germany, should be used.

IOL centre

thickness

IOL material

Silicon 3 (SLM2)

PMMA

Acrysof

0.2 mm

-0.02 mm

-0.02 mm

-0.03 mm

0.5 mm

-0.04 mm

-0.06 mm

-0.08 mm

0.8 mm

-0.07 mm

-0.09 mm

-0.13 mm

Fig. 39 AL settings

Sample calculation for a phakic implant (Acrysof) with a centre thickness of 0.2 mm:

Measured value: 23.51 mm

Compensation value: -0.03 mm

Correct axial length:

23.51 + (-0.03) = 23.48 mm

Every implant, e.g. a phakic IOL, influences the measurement of axial length in PCI biometry. If a phakic implant is measured in a normal phakic mode, the result will be slightly elevated. The reading must be corrected, depending on the material used and the centre thickness.

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66

Fig. 40 Setting for keratometer measurement

Operation

Warning

Two peaks may appear when measuring pseudophakic eyes and with certain intraocular lenses. The first peak is a side maximum of the IOL, while the second peak is produced by the retina. In this case, manual correction is necessary (see Measuring errors with pseudophakic eyes on page 100). It is expedient to measure at a number of different points.

Warning

Use the psph (pseudophakic) button to calculate secondary piggy-back

IOLs. For this purpose, the ACD should be measured by a method other than the IOLMaster and the readings thus obtained entered into the appropriate boxes.

Measurement of corneal curvature [KER]

Keratometer measurement

Activate the KER measurement mode by:

• clicking on the

KER

icon or

• pressing the <

K

> key

• pressing the <

SPACE BAR

> in ALM mode [ALM]

• Tell the patient to focus on the yellow light!

• Align the device so that the 6 peripheral measuring points are symmetrical to the crosshair and appear optimally focused.

The central point is usually not focused and is not evaluated for keratometer measurement! The IOLMaster with Advanced

Technology indicates the optimum measurement setting by means of a green traffic light.

Note

Ensure that all six peripheral points are visible and located in the field between the two auxiliary circles on the display. It is recommended that the patient blink his/her eye shortly before the measurement to produce a continuous tear film. This will improve the reflectivity of the cornea. The measuring points should be circular or ellipsoid. If the measuring points are irregular (i. e. corneal scar) measurement is not possible. Precise measurements are possible only if the six peripheral measuring points appear optimally focused on the display.

• Trigger the measurement by pressing the knob on the joystick.

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Operation

Depending on the setting under Program settings/Program (see page 35), a traffic light will assist in finding the optimum measurement setting. When the optimum measurement position has been reached, the traffic light will change from red to yellow to green. In Automatic mode (Automatic activated), three consecutive measurements will be triggered automatically once the knob on the joystick has been pressed and the optimum measurement setting (green traffic light) has been reached and remains constant for all three measurements. The automatic measurement procedure will be interrupted if the optimum measurement setting (green light) wavers and is resumed when the optimum setting is reinstated.

Five internal individual measurements are taken for a single keratometer measurement within 0.5 seconds. Following this, the radii or corneal K’s

(depending on program settings) of the two principal meridians will be displayed, together with the respective axial orientation and the astigmatic difference. In the case of a spherical cornea, only the radius or a corneal K will be displayed, but no axial orientation or astigmatic difference. A blue progress bar in the status bar will indicate the progress of computation.

The size and shape of measurement points will be verified by the software. If a measurement point is not correctly identified, a blue flashing dot will appear. In the printout this will be marked by an x.

These readings should not be used and a new measurement should be taken as a precaution.

Keratometer measurements may be repeated as often as desired; however, only the last three measurements will be displayed.

Note

The IOLMaster requires three measurements to be taken!

The message measure again will thus appear. Only then will a mean value be passed on to the IOL calculation and an evaluation enabled. Only the number of measurements is crucial here.

Fig. 41 Measurement point not identified

Note

In some cases (keratoconus, keratoglobus, corneal lesions, etc.) it may not be possible to reach the green traffic light for optimum measurement setting. In such cases the traffic light display can be briefly deactivated, enabling a measurement to be taken even when the light is on yellow or red. To do this, press the

<M>

key.

The Automatic display will disappear. However, now pay attention to the correct setting, as described above. Press the

<M>

key once again to reactivate automatic. Automatic will always be switched back on for a new patient.

67

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Operation

Fig. 42 Three keratometer readings

To delete one of the three displayed readings, highlight it and press

<

DEL

> or <

CTRL

> + <

Z

>. Then confirm with

YES

.

If the last three readings differ by more than 0.5 D (mean value of the spherical equivalent of the last three measurements) or if the tolerance of the mean radius of the last three readings of 0.08 to 0.1 mm is exceeded (dependent on n), the Evaluation! message will appear on the screen.

• In this case, check the tear film of the eye being examined, ask the patient to blink if necessary and repeat the measurements until the results are within the tolerances. The Evaluation! message will then disappear.

• Potential measuring errors (inaccurate measurements) must be deleted as necessary, since the readings obtained in the Evaluation! state will not be accepted for ACD measurement, IOL calculation and the database for optimisation of constants.

Warning

To obtain consistent results we recommend checking the individual keratometer measurements and carrying out further measurements if necessary.

The following plausibility tests will be made with the keratometer reading:

R > 8.4 mm

R < 7.2 mm

> Indicates possibility of a very flat corneal curvature

> Indicates possibility of a very steep corneal curvature

|R1 - R2| > 0.5 mm > Indicates high astigmatism

When both eyes have been measured, the difference in the keratometer readings between the right and left eye will be checked. If this exceeds

0.2 mm or 1 D, you will be prompted to check the readings once again.

If this warning appears, be sure to verify that no pathological changes have occurred in the eye. It may be necessary to repeat the measurements. Only confirm the warning with

OK

if you are certain that the readings are plausible. Otherwise, determine what has caused the implausible readings. A reference to the displayed plausibility test message will be transferred to the comments box.

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Operation

Measurement of anterior chamber depth [ACD]

Warning

The anterior chamber depth may only be measured on phakic eyes!

ACD measurements of pseudophakic eyes result in measuring errors and/or incorrect readings. The readings for pseudophakic eyes do not reflect the anterior chamber depth.

Note

The keratometer measurement must be performed before anterior chamber depth measurement!

Activate the ACD mode by:

• clicking on the

ACD

icon or

• pressing the

<D>

key or

• pressing the

<SPACE BAR>

in KER mode [KER].

The lateral slit illumination will automatically be turned on. This illumination subjectively appears to be very bright to patients.

Nevertheless, the patient should continue to concentrate on the yellow fixation light.

• Fine adjust the device, so that:

– the fixation point is displayed in optimum focus in the rectangle on the screen (only the fixation point should be within the rectangle, not the other image details),

– reflections do not cause interference to the image of the cornea, otherwise the reading will be incorrect,

– the anterior crystalline lens is optimally visible!

As a rule, the image of the fixation point will lie between the images of the cornea and the crystalline lens. It should be close to (but not within) the optical section of the crystalline lens! For system reasons, the corneal image will be out of focus.

69

Fig. 43 Setting for anterior chamber depth

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Operation

Note

The alignment of the device, particularly in the case of small pupils, requires a certain amount of practice on the part of the operator and cooperativeness on the part of the patient. The alignment procedure is easier on a dilated pupil (see also Tips for

anterior chamber depth measurement, page 118 ff.).

• Trigger the measurement by pressing the knob on the joystick.

Note

Before starting, tell the patient to look steadily at the fixation light

- not into the slit projector, as the latter will flicker during the measurement! When an acoustic signal is heard - the slit will again illuminate steadily - the measurement has been completed and the ACD values will be calculated.

Note: Anterior chamber depth on the IOLMaster is understood as the distance between the anterior vertex of the cornea and the anterior vertex of the eye lens. Hence, the displayed distance includes the thickness of the cornea. Calculation of the anterior chamber depth requires the input of the corneal radius. If a valid keratometer measurement was performed prior to ACD measurement, the system will automatically use the measured radius for the calculation. If the corneal curvature could not be measured with the IOLMaster, a window will appear requesting you to type in the radius (if the cornea is astigmatic, the values of both principal meridians).

• Enter a value between 4.0 and 13.0 (mm) (use decimal point).

Continue with

OK

or the

<ENTER>

key.

If you have selected the display Refractive index, please enter a number between 26 and 80 (D). When entering the refractive power, make sure that the same keratometer refractive index is set on the

IOLMaster as on the keratometer used for the measurement (see page 35).

Depending on the setting selected under Program settings/Program, a traffic light display is provided as an aid for optimum measurement setting (see page 35). When the optimum measurement position has been reached, the traffic light will change from red to yellow to green.

Arrows will show how the joystick must be moved in order to reach the optimum measurement position.

In Automatic mode the measurement is triggered by pressing the knob on the joystick (Automatic activated), as soon as the optimum measurement adjustment (green traffic light) has been achieved.

Note

By clicking on the

VIDEO HELP

button in the upper right corner of the program window for ACD measurement you can play a video showing the steps required to set the optimum measurement position.

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Operation

Note

In some cases it is possible that the green traffic light display for an optimum measurement setting cannot be reached. In such cases the traffic light display can be briefly deactivated, enabling a measurement to be taken even when the light is on yellow or red.

To do this, press the

<M>

key. The Automatic display will disappear. However, now pay attention to the correct setting, as described above. Press the

<M>

key once again to reactivate

Automatic. Automatic will always be switched back on for a new patient.

Unfavourable room illumination will be indicated by a sun symbol. If necessary, the slit lamp is additionally switched on and off (flashing).

This shows that additional dark exposures will be taken in order to expand the evaluation possibilities.

Direct and lateral light incidence to the front of the device or eye being examined should be avoided. The best results will be obtained when the examination room is slightly darkened.

Five internal individual measurements are taken for a single anterior chamber depth measurement within 0.5 seconds. Subsequently the anterior chamber depth will be determined for each individual measurement. A blue progress bar in the status bar will indicate the progress of computation. Five ACD readings will be listed in the display field next to the video image, together with the calculated mean value.

If the setting is not optimum, the images of the anterior lens and/or cornea cannot be evaluated. In this case the message "Measuring error" and a reference to the lack of or not correctly recognised image details is displayed. In addition the image of the first measuring error is displayed.

With

SHOW SEQUENCE

all five images are displayed in succession. Upon examining the error cause, the calculated median value can be accepted despite warnings by pressing

OK

.

The anterior chamber depth measurement may be repeated as often as desired.

If additional measurements are taken of anterior chamber depth, the previous readings will be overwritten. To restore the last (just overwritten) readings, press shortcut keys

<CTR>

+

<Z>

(UNDO function).

Note

This UNDO function itself is irrevocable!

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Operation

Determination of "white-to-white" [WTW]

(optional)

Activate the WTW mode by:

• clicking on the

WTW

icon, or

• pressing the

<W>

key

• pressing the

<SPACE BAR>

in ACD mode [ACD].

• The patient should look at the yellow fixation point in the centre.

• Align the device so that the six peripheral light spots are symmetrical to the cross hairs and the iris structures or the edge of the pupil appears optimally focused. The fixation point in the centre of the six light dots is usually not in the centre of the pupil or iris, because only in the rarest cases does the visual axis correspond to the optical axis of the eye.

Warning

The patient should be asked if he or she sees the fixation point. If the patient fails to fixate properly, the visual axis will not be correctly recognised, which may result in measuring errors.

• Trigger the measurement by pressing the knob on the joystick.

Fig. 44 WTW determination

Each time the joystick knob is pressed, an image of the eye is displayed, in which the detected iris edge is marked. After checking that the iris and fixation point have been correctly recognised, confirm with

OK

.

Only then will the data be valid and available for further processing.

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Warning

The validity of the WTW determination depends on this check of correct recognition of the iris edge.

The WTW value is the horizontal diameter of the iris. In addition to the

WTW value, the deviation of the visual axis from the centre of the iris

(x, y) will also be displayed (Fig. 44).

The values are stated in millimetres with reference to a Cartesian coordinate system, the zero point of which is assumed to be in the established centre of the iris or pupil. If the visual axis is above the iris or pupil centre, the Y value will be positive; if it is below, the value will be negative.

X values to the left of the centre are negative; those to the right are positive.

Note

If the software has difficulty detecting the iris or fixation point, this may be due to inadequate room lighting. It is recommended that the front panel and examined eye be shielded from direct or lateral light. The best results will be obtained when the examination room is slightly darkened.

WTW measurement may be repeated as often as desired.

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Measuring the other eye

The system automatically registers which eye is being measured (OD or

OS). All past readings of this patient are still stored and may be retrieved as necessary.

Measurements of the other eye must be performed analogously to the previous eye.

Note

After each change of side, the overview mode [OVW] is automatically activated for coarse alignment.

Printout of results

Once the measurements have been completed, the readings, composite signal and a diagram of iris, pupil and WTW can be printed out.

Caution

Consult the user manual supplied with the printer. Connect the printer as described in Setting up the device for use on page 21.

Note

The following print formats are supported (upright format only):

A4 (210 x 297 mm), Letter (8.5" x 11.0"), B5 (182 x 257 mm).

The printout of the readings may be started from every measurement mode (ALM, KER, ACD, WTW). The printout will include all results obtained so far (also those of the other eye, if already available). It is advisable to start the printout only if all results of both eyes are available.

Note

Do not take any further measurements during the printing process.

Press the

PRINT

icon or

<P>

key to start the printing process.

Note

In ALM mode the printout of the graph with the blue highlighted reading can be enlarged by pressing

<CTRL>

+

<P>

. For enlarging the display of the graph see page 101.

In WTW mode the current reading can be printed out using

<CTRL>

+

<P>

.

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Generation of IOL options

Once all measurements have been taken (depending on the IOL calculation formula), options can be generated for intraocular lenses to be implanted.

Filling the IOL database

Before the system can calculate IOL options, the available lens types must be entered into the database.

• In Options - Lens database open the Please enter password dialog box.

• Select the appropriate name and enter password as necessary. The database window for entering the specific lens data will open (for registering a new user see page 29).

Fig. 45 Please enter password dialog box

Fig. 46 Database window for the input of lens data

• In the lines Name, A Const. Manufacturer and ACD Manu-

facturer enter the respective data for the manufacturer, from catalogues or package inserts.

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Warning

If the ACD constant is not available, you may click the

ADD

button after entering the A constant. All parameters will automatically be calculated from the A constant according to standard formulae. However, the manufacturer’s A constants are not optimal for optic biometry and may result in refractive deviations.

• Your IOL constants which have been optimised for various calculation formulae for optical biometry or your personally determined constants must be entered/changed in the A Const. SRK

®

II,

A Const. SRK

®

/T, a0, a1, a2, pACD and SF boxes.

Note

Only constants optimised for optical biometry should be used for calculating the suggested strength of the intraocular lens to be implanted with the IOL Master, not the manufacturer’s IOL constants (see also pages 84 and 107).

• If you use lenses graded in 0.25 D intervals (in future), activate the

Power steps 1/4 D radio button.

• To add data to the database, click the

ADD

button.

• To delete the data of the lens type selected in the Lens field, click the

ERASE

button.

• By clicking the

SET

button, existing lens data will be overwritten by edited data.

• To enter the data of the next lens, overwrite the name of the lens.

Exit the Lens database by clicking on

OK

.

IOL calculation

Start the calculation by:

• clicking on

IOL

or pressing the

<I>

button.

The IOL calculation window appears in which the measured values of both eyes are automatically entered. Depending on the choice of corneal K’s/radii in the Program settings submenu (page 35), the keratometer readings are displayed in either Corneal K values (D) or

Radii (mm).

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Fig. 47 IOL calculation window SRK

®

/T

• Click on the appropriate tab to select the desired formula. The

Haigis, HofferQ, Holladay, SRK

®

II, and SRK

®

/T formulae are implemented as standards.

• After refractive corneal surgery the Haigis-L or Prior refractive

surgery tabs may be selected.

• Selected phakic implants may be calculated with the Phakic IOL tab.

• Select the eye surgeon’s name. This gives the surgeon access to lens types saved to his database.

• The measured values may be edited if desired.

Warning

Edited readings appear with an asterisk (*) in the printout of the lens calculation and the lens calculation is no longer based on the

IOLMaster readings!

• Select an eye for which the IOL is to be calculated on the screen.

• Enter the desired target refraction. No entry means 0 D (plano).

• Select suitable lenses from the lens types shown.

• After you have entered the necessary data, click on the

IOL CALCULATION

button. This will start IOL calculation of each lens type selected. The calculation will be performed for every measured eye. However, only the data of the selected eye is displayed on the screen.

• To change the display, select the other eye under Surgical Eye. The lenses calculated for the other eye will now be displayed.

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Fig. 48 Calculated IOL data in IOL calculation window SRK

®

/T

In the columns below each specified lens you will find the calculated refractive powers and target refractions for those lenses. The middle line appearing in bold type indicates which refraction of the corresponding

IOL comes closest to the desired target refraction.

Warning

The IOL calculation is valid only if the biometric measurement was correct, an appropriate IOL calculation formula was selected and the IOL constants were optimised for the specific application.

The data calculated for the IOL to be implanted can be printed out.

• For this purpose, click on the

PRINT

button.

The IOL data of both eyes or of one eye and emmetropic IOL will be printed out either on a single page or on separate pages, depending on the option selected in the Program settings menu (page 34).

• Click on

OK

to finish IOL calculation.

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IOL calculation after corneal refractive surgery (optional)

Corneal refraction is an important quantitative factor in IOL calculation.

Presently, it is impossible to exactly measure the corneal refraction that was subjected to corneal refractive surgery (e.g. by RK, PRK, LTK, Lasik or Lasek). For this reason, a different method of determining corneal refraction must be adopted for the IOL calculation. Three methods are available:

‰ Refractive history method

‰ Contact lens method

‰ Haigis L method, should the preLasik or corresponding contact lens values not be available.

Prior to calculating an option for an intraocular lens, the corneal refraction must be determined.

Start the calculation by:

• clicking on

IOL

or pressing the

<I>

button.

• selecting Prior Refractive Surgery tab.

Warning

This step is necessary only with corneas pretreated by refractive surgery. With untreated corneas, IOL calculation starts instantly upon selection of the biometric formula (see IOL calculation on page 76).

Refractive history method

The following values must be known for the refractive history method:

‰ Preoperative corneal refraction (i.e. before corneal refractive surgery)

‰ Preoperative refraction

‰ Stable postoperative refraction

‰ Corneal vertex distance.

As the change in refraction was achieved by variation of the corneal refraction, the currently effective corneal refraction directly results from the difference between preoperative and postoperative refraction, corrected by the corneal vertex distance (vertex correction). The computational method is described in the technical literature. If the corresponding data of the patient is available, the refractive history method delivers the most accurate results.

For the calculation of the IOL, the corneal K’s selected by the examiner with

APPLY

will be transferred to the IOL calculation table. The IOL calculation can be started after selection of the biometric formula.

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Operation

Contact lens method

The contact lens method (contact lens overrefraction) attempts to determine the currently effective corneal refraction on the basis of two refraction measurements, once with and once without a hard "plane" contact lens.

The following parameters are needed:

‰ refraction with contact lens,

‰ refraction without contact lens,

‰ refractive power of the (plane or almost plane) hard contact lens - refractive power of contact lens back surface and

‰ corneal vertex distance.

In the ideal case, the refractive power of the contact lens back surface is equal to the unknown corneal refraction. For this purpose, several hard plane contact lenses with refractions of the back surface between 30 and 45 D should be available. For the calculation of the corneal refraction, enter the appropriate patient data into the display mask. The values will now be calculated.

Fig. 49 IOL calculation window Prior Refractive Surgery

For the calculation of the IOL, the corneal K’s selected by the examiner with

APPLY

will be transferred to the IOL calculation table. The IOL calculation can be started after selection of the biometric formula.

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Warning

The calculated refractive power/radii values may not be edited in the

IOL calculation window for the selected formula!

The corneal K’s transferred to the IOL calculation are marked in the printout of the lens calculation with (**) and the calculation method.

Haigis L method

In contrast to the above-described methods of determining corneal refraction, the Haigis formula allows for surgical changes to the cornea and permits the calculation of the IOL from the measured values AL,

Corneal K’s and ACD.

The Haigis-L formula offers two alternatives for IOL calculation. The correct choice of alternative is important, otherwise the calculation will be incorrect.

If you wish to perform the calculations for eyes that were previously treated by myopic LASIK, myopic PRK or myopic LASEK, press the

MYOP

button prior to calculation.

Warning

The formula may only be used for eyes with myopic LASIK, myopic PRK and myopic LASEK. Lenses by hyperopic LASIK/LASEK/PRK or myopic/hyperopic RK should never be calculated.

The corneal radii and axial lengths measured by the IOLMaster are required for the formula. The measured values cannot be edited here.

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Fig. 50 IOL calculation window Haigis-L

If you wish to perform the calculations for eyes that were previously treated by hyperopic LASIK, hyperopic PRK or hyperopic LASEK, press the

HYPEROP

button prior to calculation

.

Warning

The formula may only be used for eyes with hyperopic LASIK, hyperopic

PRK and hyperopic LASEK. Lenses by myopic LASIK/LASEK/PRK or myopic/hyperopic RK should never be calculated.

The corneal radii and axial lengths measured by the IOLMaster are required for the formula. The measured values cannot be edited here.

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Calculation of phakic implants (optional)

This program component enables the thickness of phakic implants

(iridocorneal anterior and posterior chamber angle-supported lenses) to be calculated.

Only spherical lenses can be calculated. In addition to the anterior chamber depth and corneal radii (corneal refraction) measured with the

IOLMaster, the refraction for the appropriate corneal vertex (CVD) and lens model must be entered.

The manufacturer’s IOL constants are used for calculating lens power.

Fig. 51 Lens model

Warning

Please observe the manufacturer’s recommendations for the phakic IOL employed with regard to choice of lens type and critical distance to the endothelium.

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Fig. 52 Calculation of phakic implants

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4-in-1 calculation

To compare the results of four different calculation formulae, select one of the four selection boxes for the desired formula.

Select

IOL CALCULATION

to display the results. To print out the page with the results, press

PRINT

.

Optimisation of lens constants

Selecting lens data

The lens data available in the database may be optimised by the following procedure.

• In the Options menu, open Lens database. Select the respective eye surgeon and confirm your choice with

OK

(Fig. 54).

• Choose a lens. The input mask contains constants calculated from

"A Constant Manufacturer" or previously optimised constants.

• Click on the

OPTIMIZE

button. The dialog box for the selected lens will appear and the lens constants can be seen in the

BASIS

column

(Fig. 53).

Fig. 53 Lens data in dialog box for selected lens

Fig. 54 Lens data in the Lens Database dialog box

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Loading existing data records

• Click on the

LOAD

button to load the data records of all patients available for optimisation.

85

Fig. 55 Assign data records dialog box

Special filter functions allow fast selection of patient data. The right column shows the list of all patients available for optimisation.

• Click on the desired patient data record in this list to select it.

• Select the eye to be used for the optimisation calculation. The fields below show the measurement data of the IOLMaster.

• If you wish the data of the other eye to be kept in the data table for further optimisation, activate keep other side in table in the check box.

• Click on the << button to load the selected data record in the lefthand table. These data records are intended for IOL optimisation.

• Transfer at least eleven data records into the left-hand table in this way.

• Click on the >> button to return the selected data record to the right-hand table if it is not to be used for optimisation, but should be kept for possible later use.

• Click on the

ERASE

button to irrevocably delete the data record to the right or left.

• When all the desired data records have been loaded into the lefthand table, press

OK

to return to the optimisation box (Fig. 54).

• Further patient records can be added to the left-hand list for subsequent additional optimisations.

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Operation

Note

The data contained in the database (right- and left-hand table) will not be deleted automatically and are thus available for later additional optimisations. A backup should be made at regular intervals by transferring data to an office management system or a printout.

Entering new data records

• To enter data records which do not exist on the IOLMaster result table, click on the

NEW

button.

This will bring up an input mask for creating a new data record to be optimised. However, this data record may be used for optimisation only, not for IOL calculation. Nor does it appear in the patient database.

Fig. 56 Input new data record dialog box

Warning

Only data obtained from the IOLMaster may be entered in the fields for pre-operative data! When entering the refractive power, make sure that the same keratometer refractive index is set on the IOLMaster as on the keratometer used for the measurement (see page 35).

The entry of data measured on ultrasound devices will yield incorrect results!

Warning

The data records of patients who have undergone refractive surgery of the cornea should be excluded from optimisation.

• Complete the entries in the input mask.

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Note

The entry of the Exam Date is mandatory!

Entry of Opt. ACD data, Surgery Date and Post Op Date is optional.

Note

There should be a period of at least 8 weeks between the surgery and post-op dates. (This period, however, will not be checked!)

• If you wish to reject the entries made and return to the optimisation calculation, click on the

CANCEL

button.

To confirm the new data record and add it to the list of data records to be used for optimisation, click on the

OK

button. The new data record is shown in the Data records field. It is displayed in the list of data records.

Entering post-operative data

• Highlight the patient data record by clicking on it.

• In the Impl. IOL (D) box, enter the power of the implanted IOL.

• In the Post Op Ref. box, type in the post-operative refraction.

• The entry of Surgery Date and Post Op Date is optional. When entered, however, the data will be checked for plausibility.

Note

There should be a period of at least 8 weeks between the surgery and post-op dates. (This period, however, will not be checked!)

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Fig. 57 Assign data records dialog box

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Operation

• Complete all selected patient data records in this way. The number of data records containing IOL and post-op ref data and the total number of loaded data records is specified in the Data records box.

The boxes beneath it show the number of data records in the specified axial length ranges.

Once all IOL and post-op data has been entered, the requirements for the optimisation calculation have been met.

‰ If a patient data record is highlighted in red, no IOL and/or post-op ref data has been entered for this data record or a measured value

(AL or KER) is missing!

‰ If a data record is highlighted in yellow, no ACD values exist as yet: a0 (Haigis formula) will not be optimised with such data records!

‰ Patient data records appearing on a white background contain all the data required for optimisation.

Note

Only the a0 can be optimised with the device software for the

Haigis formula. For the optimisation of a0, a1 and a2 (more than

200 data records required) please send this clinical data to

Carl Zeiss Meditec.

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Starting optimisation

• Start the optimisation calculation by clicking on the

OPTIMIZE

button.

Depending on the number of data records to be processed, the computing process may take some seconds.

The optimised lens constants will now be displayed in the New column.

Note

Data records with an IOL power of 0 D will not be included in the optimisation process.

The optimisation calculation supplies lens constants for every patient’s data record as they should have been on the basis of the measured values and results of surgery. The mean value (sum of all lens constants divided by the number of patients) and standard deviation are then calculated. Lens constants which are more than double the standard deviation are not included in the optimisation.

Fig. 58 Optimised lens constants

If less than 11 data records exist for optimisation or data records are rejected (0 D), "---" will appear in the New column. In this case the optimisation has failed.

Repeat the optimisation process, in this case with a larger number of data records, or perform several optimisations for various groups of eyes

(e.g. short, normal and long eyes). This procedure also ensures a higher degree of accuracy in IOL calculation.

The resulting mean value will be displayed as an optimised constant. To obtain optimum constants, patients with pre-, inter- or postoperative complications which could affect the refraction state should be excluded.

Note

The displayed a0 value does not take into account the data records highlighted in yellow!

• To reject the last optimisation run, click on

CANCEL

. In this case, the optimised constants will not be saved to the lens data base, even if a new data record has been entered.

• Confirm the newly optimised lens constants by clicking on the

<<

button to the right of the Basis field. In this case, all optimised constants will be accepted. If you want to accept a special constant only (e. g. a0), click on the

<<

button right of this constant.

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Operation

Fig. 59 New data record has been added

• Click on

OK

to return to the Lens Database. Optimised lens constants will only be saved to the lens database and for use in future IOL determination if they are confirmed with

OK

.

• Click on

OK

to return to the IOLMaster main module.

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New patient

If you have completed measurements on one patient and wish to continue with another patient, click on

– the

PATIENT MANAGER

icon or

– the

<N>

button.

The readings of the previous patient to the left and/or right will be stored and removed from the display. The patient manager appears and new patients can be entered or be imported from via the DICOM or

EMR interface from the waiting room (optional).

Note

Data is available in the internal database for the period preset in under Program settings/Program (see page 34).

After importing the new patient data and selecting a patient, or manually entering the new patient data, switch to Overview mode

[OVM] by clicking

<ENTER>

or

NEW

.

Note

The above order of measurements is only an example. You may also run the above-described measurements in a different order.

The only requirement is that the keratometer measurement precedes the anterior chamber depth measurement.

Working with the Patient manager

The IOLMaster keeps an internal patient file. All data is stored here and can be retrieved (viewing, post-treatment, printing).

Note

The file is not designed for archiving patient and measurement data.

The database field is structured similar to Windows Explorer (see Fig. 33, left side). A + sign at the branch indicates that the database already contains measurement results for this patient.

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The "person on index card" symbol in front of the patient signifies that this patient has only been registered locally on this PC. The "person on network" symbol means that this patient has been imported from a hospital information system. The person is shown in blue if measurements are already available. The colour is grey if no measurements exist yet (see also section Patient Manager (New patient) on page 53). Measurements are indicated by a clock. Measurements already transferred to the hospital information system are additionally indicated by a red arrow.

• Click on + to display the treatment data for the last measurement(s).

To close, click on the - sign.

The data records are sorted alphabetically by last name.

Use the Search textbox to quickly access a data record. Place the cursor in this box and type in the desired last name to list all relevant data records. The following letters of the name can also be entered; this ensures fast access to the desired data record.

On repeat visits, data can be instantly transferred to the input area by clicking on the patient’s name.

To take a new measurement, click the

NEW

button or use the keyboard shortcut

<ALT>

+

< N>

.

Retrieving a reading from previous measurements

The system permits the review of data records of previous sessions.

• Click on the + sign in front of the patient’s name.

• Use the cursor to mark the examination date being sought.

• To view the measured data, press the

OPEN

icon, use the keyboard shortcut

<ALT>

+

<F>

or double-click on it. The data record is now ready for further editing. However, no new measurements can be taken.

• Automatic right/left detection is deactivated. To select a side, click the cursor on the appropriate display or press the

<R>

or

<L>

key.

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Deleting a patient/measurement

• To delete a patient from the patient list, highlight the name and press

<DEL>

or select Erase from the Patient menu.

Confirm the delete action with

YES

.

Personal data and individual measurements for this patient will be irrevocably deleted in the Patient Manager. The numerical measurement data will still be available in the database for optimisation of lens constants.

Note

If you are working with the option Operator login with

password, you may only delete patient data if you have the appropriate rights (see User Manager on page 40).

If a measurement date is highlighted, only the data for this examination date will be deleted. The patient name and other measurement data will be retained.

Note

In Options - Setup - Program settings you can set the number of days after which a data record is automatically deleted (5 to

365 days).

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Renaming a patient

To edit the last name, first name, date of birth or ID Number of a patient, follow this procedure:

• Highlight the patient’s name and press

<CTRL>

+

<R>

or select

Rename in the Patient menu.

The patient data can be edited in the dialog box which now appears.

Once the renaming has been confirmed, patient data for all measurements will be changed. Measurement results cannot be renamed!

• Confirm the changes with

RENAME

.

Fig. 60 Rename record dialog box

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Transmitting/exporting data (optional)

Patient data can be exported to

– connected hospital information systems (EMR, DICOM) or personal computers

– a USB storage medium or a CD-RW.

The data is then available for further processing.

Note

Transmitting/exporting does not work in the Patient Manager, only in measurement modes!

Exporting data to another system

‰ After measurement, depending on the configuration, the data can be exported by Program settings/Network on page 36 to the connection hospital information system (DICOM or EMR interface) or transferred to a connected PC with appropriate additional software installed on it.

Note

Measurement data of patients whose data was imported from the hospital information system (DICOM, EMR) before the measurement, are automatically assigned correctly within the hospital information system. The data of patients manually entered into the IOLMaster has to be assigned manually after the export.

‰ The appropriate accessories are required for exporting to a connected Windows-based personal computer. These can be obtained from Carl Zeiss Meditec. They include a serial cable (null modem, female/female connector) and software (on CD ROM) to be installed on the PC. Data is imported to a database on the PC. From there, data can be exported to other file formats. The graphs of axial length measurements are made available in JPEG format.

• To export data press the

<S>

key (not in Patient Manager!) or the

SEND

button.

The data will be exported.

Note

The PC must have been switched on and the software for data receipt started. A progress bar will be visible on the IOLMaster screen. Data can be archived on the PC or processed in the appropriate form.

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Operation

Note

The export of measured values depends on whether the additional software Option A plus is installed:

– Without Option A plus: only the measured values and the marked IOL will be exported.

– With Option A plus the measured values and all calculated lenses will be exported (see page 34 f.), depending on the setting in Program settings/Export.

Exporting data to a storage medium

• Select the desired storage medium in the menu Options - Setup -

Program settings/Export (see page 36).

Note

If you wish to export data to a CD-RW, you must insert a formatted CD-RW into the drive. The CD-RW must be formatted elsewhere (e.g. office PC) in UDF format. Only the Nero InCD is suitable for formatting in UDF format. Alternatively, use one of the formatted CD-RWs as supplied.

For exporting to an USB flash drive the latter should enable at least a transfer rate to USB-1.1.

• To export data to a USB storage medium or a CD-RW press the

<X>

key or the

EXPORT

icon.

Data will be available in a text file conforming to the export settings (see page 36) for archiving and data analysis.

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Switching off the device

• When all measurements have been completed, exit the program by pressing the

EXIT

icon or

<E>

key.

• Then press

OK

or

<ENTER>

.

The data of the current (last) patient will be saved automatically.

• Switch the device off at the power switch.

• Wait until the switch lamp goes off before pulling the power supply plug or switching off at the main room switch.

Note

The device may not be switched on again until the switch lamp goes off!

Caution

If the device is switched off at the power switch while it is in operation, the program will quit automatically before the device shuts down. It is thus important to wait until the switch lamp goes off before pulling the power supply plug or switching off at the main room switch.

If the device is unplugged or switched off at the main room switch while the device is still running, the program cannot quit and the operating system cannot be shutdown properly; this can lead to loss of saved data and/or defects in the device's control software. This does not present a hazard to patients or the operator

Note

The procedure described below does not apply in the case of breakdowns (see page 126) or if the device does not respond to your input! If this occurs, switch off the device immediately and pull the power supply plug! Label the device as being defective and call Carl Zeiss Service.

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Evaluation of ALM results

Signal curves of axial length measurements

Note

The following notes refer mainly to the composite signal

Valid signal curves

Secondary maxima (system specific) distance about 0.8 mm (maximal peak)

– Very good signals (signal-to-noise ratio > 10)

– Several secondary maxima may be visible (system specific)

– Clear media, patient correctly fixating

– Slight ametropia

– Clear signal (SNR display GREEN)

– Secondary maxima visible

– Relatively clear media

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Evaluation of ALM results

99

– Signal in "Borderline SNR" (uncertain) range

(SNR display YELLOW)

– Steep rise of measuring signal

– Such readings are accompanied on the display by an exclamation mark and the message "Borderline SNR" (uncertain reading)!

This reading may be used after verification and comparison with other readings from individual signals (red) of this series.

Recognition of misadjustments on the graph

– Low signal (SNR display RED)

– Error message is displayed.

– The measuring signal cannot be clearly distinguished from the noise.

Possible reasons:

– unsteady (non-fixating) patient,

– strong ametropia,

– dense medial opacity along the visual axis.

Repeat the measurement!

Ask the patient to fixate steadily.

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Evaluation of ALM results

Measuring errors with pseudophakic eyes

Warning

In the measurement of pseudophakic eyes and with specific intraocular lenses (e.g. Acrysof), two peaks may appear. The first higher peak (false) is a side maximum of the IOL, while the second peak is produced by the retina. In this case, manual correction of the axis length is necessary.

It is expedient to measure at a number of different points.

Fig. 61 Axial length measurement of pseudophakic eyes; double peaks with certain

IOL; Source: W. Hill, Mesa, Arizona

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Zooming the graph display

The system allows zooming the graphs in 4 steps to improve the presentation of signal curves:

• Move the cursor on the longitudinal axis (x-axis) to the desired centre of the zoomed image and press the left mouse button. (When the mouse pointer approaches the X-axis the cursor changes from an arrow pointing diagonally upwards into a magnifying glass.) Then press the left button. This procedure may be repeated four times.

• To return to the original view (zooming out), place the cursor at any position on the longitudinal axis and press the right mouse button.

Note

In zoomed views, the axial length scale is not visible!

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left mouse button left mouse button left mouse button right mouse button right mouse button left mouse button right mouse button right mouse button

Fig. 62 Zooming the graph display. The arrow symbols show the respective position of the left mouse button for creating the next zoom stage or the right mouse button for returning to the original status.

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Post-run editing of axial length measurements

The results of axial length measurements must be interpreted on the basis of the signal-to-noise ratio and the appearance of the graphs (cf.

Signal curves of axial length measurements, page 98).

The manipulations described here can be performed on the individual measurements, but have no influence on the composite signal.

Manipulations are therefore only expedient on the composite signal.

For simplification reasons, the illustrations below do not show the video image.

103

Fig. 63 Presentation of the graph of the third axial length measurement without video image

SNR categories

The SNR is automatically analysed while the system is internally calculating the axial length from the interference signal.

SNR display at GREEN --> Reading is valid.

SNR display at YELLOW --> Reading is uncertain ("Borderline

SNR").

The signal-to-noise ratio may be low for the following reasons:

– dense medial opacity along the visual axis,

– restless patients,

– alignment of device to patient eye is not optimal,

– very high ametropia (> 6 D),

– corneal scars,

– pathological changes in the retina.

Note

In this case, "Borderline SNR" or "uncertain" does not mean an incorrect result, it is only to remind you to verify this measurement!

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Evaluation of ALM results

Should multiple peaks occur in the composite signal, it may be possible to identify the "correct" signal peak by comparison with the individual readings for this (and the other) eye and the anamnesis. See sections

Signal curves of axial length measurements, page 98 and Shifting the

measuring cursor, below.

SNR display at RED (reading should not be used)

It is marked on the display as a measuring error.

This means that the true measuring signal does not stand out sufficiently from the noise. As a rule, such readings are not usable. Carry out further readings insofar as the maximum of 20 measurements per eye and day has not been exceeded.

The reading may be transferred to the list by clicking on the measuring cursor (white dot). Before doing so, ensure that the readings are consistent.

Shifting the measuring cursor

The measuring cursor (white dot) is automatically placed on the centre of the signal peak with the highest absolute amplitude. The corresponding axial length value is displayed beside the graph and in the display field. The SNR is calculated and displayed for this signal peak. The measuring cursor is placed in the centre between the regions corresponding to half the maximal amplitude. If the signal curve is symmetrical (Gaussian curve), the cursor is positioned exactly above the maximum of the signal.

There are two ways to shift the measuring cursor to another peak; it is recommended that these manipulations be carried out in a zoom view of the measurement curve.

1. Automatic positioning over a "distant" peak

• Move the arrow cursor to the white point (when the mouse pointer approaches the white point the cursor changes from an arrow pointing diagonally upwards into a horizontal double arrow), hold the left button depressed and move the measuring cursor over the other peak. For easier orientation, a vertical blue line will appear below the white dot. This line can be dragged with the cursor.

• When the button is released, the measuring cursor automatically snaps in over the desired peak.

The display will show the corresponding axial length and SNR (always smaller than the maximum SNR found automatically) and the recalculated value will appear in the display field denoted by an asterisk (*).

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Example: hold left mouse button depressed drag! line is moving with the cursor release mouse button

105

Fig. 64 Moving the measuring cursor to a different peak (signal curve zoomed in

3 times)

Note:

This manipulation will work only if the measuring cursor is moved across the (local) maximum of the desired target peak. This procedure is necessary for the search algorithm to reliably find the desired peak without returning and snapping in to the original (higher) peak.

Closely adjacent peaks (double peaks) cannot be separated by this automatic method unless the curve adjoining them drops down below a value which is less than half the amplitude of their maxima.

Note

While the measuring cursor is being dragged, the original reading and SNR are always displayed alongside the composite signal. The new axial length value and corresponding SNR will be calculated and displayed only when the button is released.

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Evaluation of ALM results

2. Fine-shifting the measuring cursor

Note

This manipulation should always be performed in a zoomed view!

• Proceed as described above under item 1, but use the right button to drag the measuring cursor. This way the automatic peak detection is deactivated and the white dot can be positioned at any point over the measuring curve.

• When the button is released, the current axial length and the new

SNR will be calculated and displayed.

This kind of manipulation is advisable with closely adjacent double or triple peaks.

Here again, the recalculated axial length is shown in the display field with an asterisk (*).

Note:

Even if the manipulations are undone with the measuring cursor (by moving it back to the automatically found maximal peak) and the measured value agrees with the original one, the asterisk after the measured value will remain, indicating that the curve has been deliberately manipulated!

The described manipulations of the measuring cursor may be performed both in axial length measurement mode (after the current individual measurement) and in post-run editing mode.

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Interpretation of axial length measurements

As a rule, an interference signal is produced if the measuring light is reflected by the retinal pigmented epithelium of the eye. This signal is utilised for axial length measurements.

Note

Ultrasonic biometrical instruments measure the axial length as the distance between the cornea and the inner limiting membrane, because the sound waves are reflected at this membrane.

To ensure that the measured values obtained with the IOLMaster are compatible with those obtained through acoustic axial length measurement, the system automatically adjusts for the distance difference between the inner limiting membrane and the pigmented epithelium. The displayed axial length values are thus directly comparable to those obtained by immersion ultrasound, and no re-calculation or correction factors are necessary!

Deviations may nevertheless occur between the displayed axial lengths and ultrasonic readings (particularly in the applanation procedure). At this point, the importance of re-personalising the

"lens constants" should be stressed, because the IOLMaster is based on a new, more precise measuring technology.

Refer to the specialist literature and publications by the originators of the IOL formulae regarding the personalisation of constants.

Updated information is available in the Internet at:

http://www.meditec.zeiss.com/iolmaster and/or

http://www.augenklinik.uni-wuerzburg.de/ulib/

With an optimally aligned device, relatively clear eye media and slight ametropia (< 6 D), the secondary maxima will be detected symmetrically on each side of the actual measuring peak. These are caused by the measuring light source used and maintain a constant distance of approx. 0.8 mm to the measurement signal and to each other, irrespective of the specific circumstances of the measured object.

For this reason, the secondary maxima are similarly always visible in measurements of the supplied test eye.

The IOLMaster measuring system is capable of resolving fine structures on the fundus of the eye.

Depending on the anatomical conditions of the measured eye, the measuring beam may also produce interferences when reflected at the inner limiting membrane and/or the choroid. a a a | 0.8 mm

Fig. 65 Undisturbed measurement signal with secondary maxima

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Evaluation of ALM results

Indications of this are:

– broader (smeared) signal peaks of the measuring curve,

– variations of approx. 150 to 350 μm in axial length data in one measurement series,

– display of "Evaluation" in place of the mean value (composite reading) or

– display of "multiple peaks".

Examples: or or or

Such measuring curves or measurement series require immediate verification, either between individual measurements (in ALM mode) or in post-run editing (without the patient in front of the device).

Interpretation or post-run editing should always be performed with the help of the zoom function!

Note

The resolution of fine retinal structures is clearly distinguishable from the previously mentioned secondary maxima, which are further away from the multiple peaks and symmetrical to them.

The distance between the maximum peak and internal limiting membrane or choroid is 350 μm (whereas the secondary maxima are about 800 μm from the maximum peak!).

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Signals from the inner limiting membrane (ILM)

The measuring beam is relatively often reflected at the inner limiting membrane, likewise producing an interference signal. The respective signal peak lies to the left of the actual measurement peak (to the shorter axial lengths). The distance of the peak generated by the reflection on the inner limiting membrane from the measurement peak is between 150 and 350 μm. Both peaks can be observed separately in a zoom view of the graph.

Fig. 66 Double peak produced at inner limiting membrane (triple zoom)

Usually, the signal amplitude of the peak from the inner limiting membrane is smaller than that of the interference on the pigmented epithelium. In such a case the automatic algorithm finds the correct axial length.

Note

Never move the measuring cursor manually to the (left) peak produced by the inner limiting membrane (see above)!

In rare cases the amplitude of the signal from the inner limiting membrane may be higher than that of the reflected light from the pigmented epithelium. In this case, the automatic peak detection will recognise the signal from the ILM.

Fig. 67 Signal curve with higher signal from inner limiting membrane (double zoom)

In measurement series, such individual measurements stand out by deviations in the range of approx. 150 to 350 μm towards shorter axial lengths. The reading can be corrected by dragging the measurement cursor in the composite signal to the lower peak (that of the pigmented epithelium). This manipulation is only permissible in the context of the single signals of this series of measurements!

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Evaluation of ALM results

Signals from the choroid

Triple peaks

In rare cases, the measuring beam may also be reflected by the vessels of the choroid.

Signal from:

1 st

secondary maximum inner limiting membran pigment epithelium choroid

Fig. 68 Rare triple peak (triple zoom)

The measuring peak produced by the choroid appears shifted towards longer axial lengths by approximately 150 to 250 μm from the peak of the pigmented epithelium.

In the above example, the signal from the pigment epithelium (middle peak) has the highest amplitude. The automatic peak detection system has correctly recognised this measured value as the axial length, so that the measuring cursor may not be moved.

This type of rare triple peak clearly differs from the secondary maxima produced through the light source by the distance from the RPE reflected peak.

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In very rare cases, depending on the anatomical conditions of the measured eye, the signal produced by the pigmented epithelium may not be the one with the highest amplitude.

Fig. 69 Triple peak (double zoom)

The automatic peak detection system will find an axial length value that is too short by approximately 150 to 350 μm.

Following the comparison of all measured values and curves for this eye, the measuring cursor must be moved manually to the middle (smaller) peak produced by the RPE. This measured value is thus corrected and shown in the display field with an asterisk.

Double peaks

In very rare cases signals may be produced by both the pigmented epithelium and the choroid.

Fig. 70 Double peak produced by pigmented epithelium and choroid (double zoom)

Here again, the automatic peak detection system has placed the measuring cursor at the correct position, as the (correct axial length) signal from the pigmented epithelium has the greater amplitude. The measuring cursor may not be moved.

Note

Such a curve may only be evaluated correctly by viewing all measuring curves of this eye. Such a curve must be clearly distinguished from double peaks produced by the inner limiting membrane and the RPE (see Fig. 66)! It may be advisable to perform further individual measurements. Up to 20 measurements may be taken on one day.

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Tips for keratometer measurement

How to adjust the measuring marks

Ask the patient to relax and look at the yellow fixation light. If the patient cannot see the fixation light, he or she should look straight ahead into the device.

Note

The peripheral infrared measuring marks will be invisible to the patient. (However, in a darkened room an attentive observer may perceive the measuring marks as faint red dots when looking into the projectors of the keratometer.)

When adjusting the device, make sure that all six peripheral points are visible and located in the field between the two auxiliary circles, as closely as possible to the centre of the display. The images of the measuring marks on the display must be optimally focused by varying the distance between patient and device. The images of the measuring marks should be circular or ellipsoid. Provided the traffic light function has been activated, a green light will appear when the measurement setting is optimum.

To improve the reflectivity of the cornea, it is advisable to ask the patient to close and open the eyes several times. This replenishes the tear film and improves the imaging of the measuring marks (on a regular cornea). The appropriate reminder will appear below the video image when the keratometer mode is activated.

Image of fixation point

(irrelevant for the measurements)

Fig. 71 Optimally aligned device (shown without cross hairs and auxiliary circles; the central fixation point is distinctly fainter than the measuring points)

Note

Depending on the reflectivity of the cornea, the image of the fixation point may be barely visible or not visible at all. This is irrelevant for the calculation of the corneal curvature, as the position of the fixation point will not be evaluated.

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Tips for keratometer measurement

Measuring errors

The "Error" message may have two basic causes:

‰ The results of the internal individual measurements vary by more than 0.05 mm (very rare, defocused device).

‰ The measuring marks are either indiscernible or not recognised as such.

The marks not recognised will be shown on the screen after measurement.

The possible reasons for this are described below.

Misadjustments

Defocused device

113

Fig. 72 Image of a defocused device

The images of the measuring marks are too large, because the device is defocused. The system cannot calculate a measured value and "Error" appears in the display field.

The measurement can be retaken after correcting the focus adjustment to minimise the peripheral mark size. Sometimes, with exactly adjusted focus, small circles (like haloes) may be visible around the six peripheral measuring points. In this case, focusing is optimum.

Error

Remedy

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Tips for keratometer measurement

Concealed measuring marks

Error

Remedy

Fig. 73 The upper two measuring marks are concealed by the eyelid

"Error" appears the display field. This error may also occur if the patient blinks during measurement (0.5 s). This is particularly the case with restless or anxious patients.

Ask the patient to open his or her eyes wide and repeat the measurement. If measurement is still not possible, gently lift the upper eyelid, as is usual in tonometry.

Warning

Take care not to deform the eyeball! Pressure on the globe causes a deformation of the cornea and results in incorrect radius and refraction measurements.

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Other findings

Pseudophakic eyes

Reflections from cornea

Reflections from IOL front surface (artifacts)

Fig. 74 Pseudophakic eyes

In the measurement of pseudophakic eyes, images of the measuring marks may be visible at the front of the intraocular lens beside the reflections of the cornea.

The reflections from the IOL are fainter and lack definition.

Try moving the device approximately 1 mm away from the patient’s eye (defocusing) and take the measurement. The images produced at the cornea will now be slightly larger, while the artefacts of the IOL become fainter, such that the evaluation process may not identify them as measuring points; a measurement is then possible. If this procedure does not succeed, the corneal curvature cannot be measured.

Error

Remedy

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Tips for keratometer measurement

Dry eye

Fig. 75 Multiple reflections produced by a dry eye

Error

Remedy

Fig. 76 Light trail (bottom) due to a dry eye (at top additional disturbance by an eyelash)

If the tear film is suddenly interrupted, the reflectivity of the cornea will be greatly reduced at these points and the cornea will scatter the light more strongly. If a measuring mark is projected to such a region, the otherwise circular or ellipsoid image of the measuring mark will become irregular. Irregular marks and/or multiple reflections will form. In this case, a precise measurement of the corneal curvature will not be possible. The results will fluctuate or the "Error" message will be displayed.

Ask the to patient blink several times to replenish the tear film on the cornea, then take the measurement immediately or use a tear supplement to prevent rapid drying.

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Tips for keratometer measurement

Irregularities of the corneal surface (scars)

Scars and local irregularities on the corneal surface impair the imaging quality of the measuring marks. Depending on the extent and location of the artefacts, measuring errors may occur.

Error

117

Fig. 77 Local corneal scar impairing right measuring point

Try to position the measuring mark adjacent to, above or below the scar by slightly displacing the device relative to the eye, then take a measurement. In such cases, it is advisable to repeat the measurement several times. Depending on the degree of irregularity, fluctuations or measuring errors may occur.

Remedy

Fig. 78 Condition following keratoplasty

Note

In this case, keratometer measurements cannot be taken with the

IOLMaster.

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Tips for anterior chamber depth measurement

How to adjust the device

Ask the patient to relax and look at the yellow fixation light. If the patient cannot see the fixation light, he or she should look straight ahead into the device. When the anterior chamber depth mode is turned on, the system automatically activates the lateral slit illumination.

The illumination always originates from a temporal direction.

The slit illumination will appear subjectively bright to the patient. The measured values of the light load (see Technical specifications, page 133), however, are smaller by several orders of magnitude compared to slit lamp examinations.

When the measurement is taken, the slit illumination will start to flicker.

The patient should continue to look at the yellow fixation light, not the slit.

(Note: Although it is not dangerous to look into the slit projector, this leads to erroneous anterior chamber depth values!)

Fig. 79 Optimally adjusted optical section for anterior chamber depth measurement

An image similar to that of a slit lamp (optical section through the anterior segment of the eye) is visible on the display. Align the device to the patient’s eye by lateral adjustment using the joystick until:

‰ the image of the fixation point appears optimally focused in the green square on the display,

‰ the image of the cornea (right eye deflected to the left, left eye to the right) is free of reflections (system-related lack of definition), and

‰ the image of the anterior crystalline lens is visible in the pupil.

Note

The image of the fixation point may not lie in the image of the lens or cornea!

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If the device has been properly aligned, the images of the fixation point and the anterior crystalline lens will be simultaneously in focus, as they are approximately in the same plane.

As a rule, the image of the fixation point lies between the image of the anterior lens and that of the cornea if the device is optimally aligned.

Note

The image of the fixation point should be near (but not in!) the image of the lens.

119

Fig. 80 Optimally adjusted optical section (lens with cataract)

Fig. 79 and Fig. 80 show optical sections of right eyes.

The patterns to the left of the corneal image are direct reflections of the luminous light exit aperture of the lateral slit projector. These reflections are not needed for the calculation of the anterior chamber depth. They must not affect the image of the cornea (see below).

At the left margin of the picture, additional reflections of the patient’s surroundings (in this case a window) are visible. Depending on the lighting conditions in the examination room, the front side of the

IOLMaster as reflected by the cornea may also be visible. These artefacts do not affect the measurement of anterior chamber depth, unless the significant image details (images of cornea and crystalline lens) and the image of the fixation point are eclipsed by this extraneous light. This may be alleviated by slightly darkening the examination room.

Warning

Failing to satisfy the above requirements for the measurement of the anterior chamber depth will either result in measuring errors or the measured values shown will be incorrect. Because of the complexity of the images measured, measuring errors may under certain circumstances not be recognised as such.

The IOLMaster must be adjusted very carefully for anterior chamber depth measurements.

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Tips for anterior chamber depth measurement

The measurement of the anterior chamber depth on eyes with very small pupils (e.g. with glaucoma) is particularly problematic and needs some practice.

The anterior chamber depth of the human eye also depends on the accommodative state of the eye. This cannot be assessed from an optical section of the anterior segment.

Note

It is advisable to measure accommodating patients under cycloplegia.

Measuring errors

The "Error" message may have two basic causes:

‰ The results of the five internal individual measurements vary by more than 0.15 mm (very rare), or

‰ the images produced (optical sections) do not contain relevant structures (normally without the edge of the crystalline lens) or disturbances are preventing their detection.

Incorrect settings

Defocused device

Error

Remedy

Fig. 81 Image of a strongly defocused device

If the device is not optimally focused, the image of the fixation point will be larger and fainter. At the same time, the images of the front edge of the lens and/or the cornea may become so faint that they cannot be recognised as such. In such a case, the system displays an "Error" message and an explanatory text indicates which image details are either missing or could not be recognised correctly.

Improve the focus adjustment of the device and repeat the measurement. The fixation point must be optimally focused.

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Tips for anterior chamber depth measurement

Note

As a rule, slight defocusing of the device does not have a significant affect on the anterior chamber depth measurement.

Missing lens image with phakic eyes

Particularly in the case of eyes with small pupils, it is possible that no light is reflected back into the viewing optics of the device. A slight lateral misalignment may make the lens invisible. This problem may also appear with patients who are restless or fixate poorly.

Error

121

Fig. 82 Slit image on the iris (invisible lens)

In such a case, the slit image on the iris is (almost) continuously visible.

The automatic evaluation software does not recognise this kind of misadjustment. The system will display values that are too short.

These values do not correspond to the actual anterior chamber depth, but represent the distance between the anterior cornea and the iris.

The value displayed is not the exact reading for the anterior chamber depth!

Adjust the device laterally until the anterior lens becomes visible. If necessary, ask the patient to look steadily at the fixation light. Then, repeat the measurement.

Note

It suffices if a relatively small section of the lens is visible. The picture below shows an alignment which permits accurate measurement.

Error

Remedy

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Tips for anterior chamber depth measurement

Fig. 83 Minimally visible anterior lens

This image is sufficient for the calculation of the anterior chamber depth. (In this photo, the front side of the IOLMaster is visible as a nondisturbing artefact).

Image of fixation point in lens

Error

Remedy

Fig. 84 Fixation point in lens image

If the image is laterally misaligned, the image of the fixation point may possibly lie within the lens image.

Position the device so that the fixation point lies between the images of crystalline lens and cornea. Then, repeat the measurement.

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Reflections in the corneal image

123

Fig. 85 Reflection in corneal image due to lateral misadjustment

The lateral adjustment of the device is not correct. Illumination reflections can be seen in the corneal image slit and the fixation point lies within the lens image.

Adjust the device laterally until the corneal image is undisturbed. As a rule, the fixation point will then be between the image of the anterior lens and that of the cornea. Repeat the measurement.

Error

Remedy

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Tips for anterior chamber depth measurement

Pathological findings

Dry eye

Error

Remedy

Fig. 86 Optical sections of dry eyes

A locally interrupted tear film considerably changes the scattering properties of the cornea. For this reason, the optical section of the cornea may become irregular.

Ask the to patient blink several times to replenish the tear film on the cornea, then take the measurement immediately or use a tear supplement to prevent rapid drying.

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Irregularities of the corneal surface (scars)

125

keratometer measurement, Fig. 78, page 117)

Scars and local irregularities of the anterior cornea impair the image quality of the optical section of the cornea.

Depending on the extent and degree of these irregularities, this may lead to measuring errors.

In such a case, the fixation point is imaged as a "cloud" and it is impossible to improve the adjustment. If apparently plausible anterior chamber depth results are nevertheless displayed, they can only be regarded as reference points.

To obtain reliable data, all the other known facts and findings of this eye should be included in the evaluation.

Error

Remedy

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Tips for WTW measurement (optional)

How to adjust the device

Ask the patient to relax and look at the yellow fixation light.

Focus on the iris, not on the light spots. Adequate room lighting will facilitate the detection of iris structures. Avoid direct exposure of the eye and device front panel to extraneous light.

In particular, ensure that the visible right and left edge of the iris is not disturbed by reflections from lamps and windows.

If the iris structure is not discernible, focus on the edge of either iris or pupil.

Serious defocusing will result in incorrect data.

After the image has been taken, the operator should check if the software has correctly detected the edge of the iris. If the circle segments drawn in the image do not define the iris correctly, the result must be discarded. Click on

OK

to confirm the results and save the data.

Troubleshooting

If the system fails during operation, take the following steps to restart:

• Switch on the power supply at the power switch (1, Fig. 9).

An automatic test program will run before Windows is launched.

Once this has been successfully completed, Windows and the device program will be restarted and work can be resumed.

Caution

Pulling the power supply plug or cutting off the power while the device is running may cause a loss of data and/or defects in the device’s control software. However, no danger to the patient or user ensues as a result.

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Servicing and maintenance

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Remote maintenance (optional)

Operating the online remote maintenance module

The IOLMaster is equipped with a remote maintenance module so that, if a problem arises, the user can establish contact to the Carl Zeiss service team via the internet for fault diagnosis and resolution.

The online remote maintenance module offers two problem resolution options:

‰ The IOLMaster user interface is made visible to a service technician.

The operator carries out actions himself under instruction from the service technician.

‰ The user interface is visible to a service technician, who is able to operate or configure the IOLMaster directly using the remote control function.

To start remote maintenance, proceed as follows:

• Select Carl Zeiss Meditec Teleservice from the Tools menu. A dialog box asking you to confirm the conditions of use will be displayed (see Fig. 88).

Fig. 88 Conditions of use dialog box

Note

The IOLMaster document set includes complete conditions of use for the remote maintenance function as a separate document.

• If you do not accept the conditions of use, terminate the procedure.

• If you accept the conditions of use, select

YES, I AGREE

and click on

OK

. The online remote maintenance login window will be displayed

(see Fig. 89).

• Call the service team, who will provide you with a 6-figure access code.

• Enter the access code in the Session number: field and click on

OK

.

A connection will be established and the remote maintenance module control window will be displayed on your screen (see Fig. 90). The service team is now able to view the user interface of your device and resolve the problem by telephone.

Fig. 89 Login screen for online remote maintenance

Fig. 90 Online remote maintenance module control window

• If it is necessary to activate the remote control function, click on the

ON

button in the remote control panel.

• Closing the control window will terminate the remote maintenance session.

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Servicing and maintenance

Checking the measurement functions

After switching on the device will prompt a daily calibration check prior to patient measurements. Upon confirming with

OK

a check will be performed of measuring functions and work on the device can begin.

The test eyes supplied with the device (2 and 8, Fig. 91) are for verifying that the device is serviceable and properly calibrated. Measurements can be performed on these test eyes as with a human eye. Last, first name and date of birth are mandatory here as well! The supplied scale is to be used for checking the WTW value (optional).

3

4

1

2

5

6

7

8

Test eye holder

Test eye for [ACD]

Set values and tolerances

Location hole

Asymmetrical holder

Set value and tolerance

Locking screw

Test eye for ALM and KER

Fig. 91 Setting up the test eye

Warning

The calibration must be checked every day before starting measurements on a patient. The measured values can be printed out and filed for documentation purposes. If the values obtained from the test eye are not within the given tolerances, no patient measurements may be taken! The device must be shut down immediately and secured against inadvertent use. Then notify Carl Zeiss Service.

• Insert the asymmetrical holder (5, Fig. 91) into the holes adjacent to the chin rest (the holding pins for the paper pads (4, Fig. 91) may need to be removed beforehand).

The test eye holder (2, Fig. 91) is secured by a locking screw and mounted on a mandrel which allows it to rotate (7, Fig. 91). The respective set value and tolerance (3 and 6, Fig. 91) for checking the calibration status are marked on the test eye holder (1, Fig. 91).

In the delivery condition a patient !CHECK,DEVICE! with birth date

01/01/1911 has been entered. Because of the exclamation mark in front of the name, this "patient" will always be at the top of the patient tree in the Patient Manager and can thus be easily found every day.

• Highlight the patient !CHECK,DEVICE! and click on

NEW

.

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Servicing and maintenance

Axial length measurement and keratometer

The test eye (8, Fig. 91), marked with AL, R, the respective set values and tolerances (6, Fig. 91) is used for checking the axial length (AL) and keratometer (R).

The measurements should be taken in the same way as for a human eye!

If the readings (in the case of the keratometer, the radius) are within the tolerances stated on the holder (6, Fig. 91), the device is properly calibrated.

Anterior chamber depth measurements

The (larger) test eye (2, Fig. 91) on the side of the test eye holder

(1, Fig. 91) (marked with the VKT (ACD), set value and tolerance) is for checking the anterior chamber depth measuring device. The surface structure simulates the cornea. Before starting measurements it must therefore be clean and grease-free (wipe off with a dry cloth!).

• The measurements should be taken in the same way as for a human eye. On the video screen verify that the adjustment criteria for an optimum optical section are correct, as for measuring the ACD on the human eye (see page 69).

• Here again, if the measured values lie within the given tolerance, the anterior chamber depth measurement is functioning correctly.

Note

Although the side (right or left on the simulated eye) is immaterial for checking the axial length measurement and keratometer, because the beam path for the measurements is rotationally symmetric, it is recommended that the asymmetrical holder (5, Fig. 91) be reversed when checking the anterior chamber depth measurement and the check performed on the other side. When comparing right and left, however, care must be taken to ensure that in both cases the test eye (2, Fig. 91) is positioned exactly vertically in front of the device.

Note

The test eyes are ideally suited to practising the operation of the

IOLMaster.

The status of the Test eye is also reset each time a new patient (

<N>

or icon) is admitted.

Warning

If the test eye readings are not within the given tolerances, the device must be shut down. Notify Carl Zeiss Service.

000000-1322-734_GA_GB-US_120608

129

130

1

2

Fig. 92 WTW scale

Servicing and maintenance

Verifying WTW measurements (optional)

The WTW scale (optional) (2, Fig. 92) is for verifying the WTW reading.

Fig. 93 WTW calibration

• Take a measurement.

If the reading is within the tolerances, WTW determination has been properly calibrated.

Note

The WTW scale must completely fill the video window. The scale

(black lines) must appear in focus.

000000-1322-734_GA_GB-US_120608

Servicing and maintenance

Printer troubleshooting

Please use only printers recommended by Carl Zeiss Meditec. The printers currently recommended can be found at: http://www.meditec.zeiss.com/iolmaster.

The printer models listed there have been tested in conjunction with the

IOLMaster and provided the instructions for setting up (see page 21) are observed, the IOLMaster/printer system will operate reliably.

Should printing problems occur, delete all printer drivers not used.

• Click on Printer from the Options - Setup pulldown menu.

• Select the connected printer and designate it as the standard printer

(check the appropriate box in the File menu).

• Open the queue by double-clicking on the standard printer and delete all print jobs in the list by highlighting and pressing the

<DEL>

key.

• Select the printers not connected (except New Printer) and press the

<DEL>

key. Follow the instructions displayed on screen.

• Re-close the printer file once the unwanted printer drivers have been removed.

If the printer problem persists, notify Carl Zeiss Service.

If you connect a printer yourself, it may be connected to either the USB or LPT 1 parallel port. Please note that the printer must be compatible with Windows

®

XP (driver). To install, follow the instructions provided on page 21.

131

000000-1322-734_GA_GB-US_120608

132

Servicing and maintenance

Care of the device

Warning

Before cleaning the device, switch it off and pull the power supply plug!

Caution

When cleaning, the greatest care must be taken to prevent moisture from penetrating the device or keyboard, as this may cause damage.

‰ All parts of the casing may be wiped off with a moist but not dripwet cloth. Wipe off any marks or stains with distilled water, to which a drop of household washing up liquid has been added.

Never use aggressive or abrasive cleaning agents.

Use conventional cleaning cloths for wiping off the display and keyboard of computers and monitors.

‰ Contaminated parts with which the patient has come into contact during the examination (chin rest, forehead rest) should be cleaned with a disinfectant approved for the purpose. These parts are resistant to wiping off with low toxic agents (e.g. suds, quaternary ammonium compounds) and intermediate agents (e.g. alcohol, Javel water, iodine; classification pursuant to: Disinfectants and activity spectrum according to the Center for Disease Control and

Prevention; Atlanta, USA).

‰ Remove dust from optical surfaces by means of a fine brush.

‰ If necessary, carefully clean these surfaces with a water-free ether/spirit mixture (9:1) applied with a cotton swab. The swab or lens-cleaning instrument should be moved with a circular motion from the centre of the lens to the edge. Ensure that the regulations for inflammable liquids are observed,

‰ To protect from dust, cover the system using the dust cover provided when not in use.

‰ Packaging materials should be retained for future relocation or repair or may be returned to the supplier as required.

Safety inspections

To ensure it remains in perfect operating condition, the device should undergo an annual safety check (visual inspection, protective conductor resistance and discharge current measurement). The safety checks must be carried out by an authorised specialist.

Please observe national safety regulations.

000000-1322-734_GA_GB-US_120608

Technical specifications

133

IOLMaster basic device

Dimensions (footprint)

Height

Weight

Rated voltage; frequency basic device

Power consumption basic unit

Earth conductor

Protection class

Protection type

Device type

390 mm x 300 mm max. 610 mm (headrest) approx. 18 kg

100 to 240 V AC ( r10 %); 50/60 Hz

90 VA

Device should be connected only to sockets with an intact earth conductor

I

IP 20

B (DIN EN 60601-1)

Power isolation transformer

Rated voltage; frequency power isolation transformer

Power consumption power isolation transformer

Power isolation transformer fuses

100 to 127 V AC ( r10 %); 60 Hz or 220 to 240 V AC ( r10 %); 50 Hz max. 115 VA (total power consumption of connected external devices)

2 x T3.15 A H 250 V 5x20 IEC 60127 for 100 to 127 V AC

2 x T1.6 A H 250 V 5x20 IEC 60127 for 220 to 240 V AC

Environmental conditions for intended use

Temperature

Relative humidity

Air pressure

10 to 35 qC

30 to 75 %, no condensation

800 to 1060 hPa

Storage environment

Temperature

Relative humidity

Air pressure

-10 to +55 °C

10 to 95 %, no condensation

700 to 1060 hPa

Ambient conditions for storage and transport in original packaging

Temperature

Relative humidity

Air pressure

-40 to +70 °C

10 to 95 %, no condensation

500 to 1060 hPa

000000-1322-734_GA_GB-US_120608

134

Technical specifications

Measuring range

Area

Resolution of display

Keratometer

Area

Resolution of display

Anterior chamber depth

Area

Resolution of display

Area

Resolution of display

14 to 40 mm

0.01 mm

5 to 10 mm

0.01 mm

1.5 to 6.5 mm

0.01 mm

8 to 16 mm

0.1 mm

Comparison/reproducibility

Comparison of IOLMaster measurements vs. conventional measurements of the human eye

Axial length*

Corneal curvature **

Anterior chamber depth*

Mean value of deviation

-0.03 mm

-0.01 mm

+0.12 mm

Standard deviation r0.21 mm r0.06 mm r0.18 mm

IOLMaster reproducibility ***

Relative to standard deviation in human eye

Axial length

Corneal curvature r0.0256 mm r0.0129 mm

Anterior chamber depth r0.0334 mm

* In comparison to precision immersion ultrasound instrument

1

** In comparison to manual keratometer

1

*** Standard deviation (basic calculated simple standard deviation)

2

1

acc. to abstract "First experiences with a New Optical Biometry System" by B.A.M. Lege, W. Haigis

2

cf. "Reproducibility of Measurement in Optical Biometry: Intraobserver and Interobserver Variability" by A. Vogel, B. Dick

000000-1322-734_GA_GB-US_120608

Technical specifications

135

Optical radiation

Light spots/WTW determination

Source

Wavelength

Axial length measurement

Source

Wavelength

Max. power for measurement

Max. power for alignment

Measuring time for individual

measurement,

Pulse width

Number of possible individual

measurements

Embedded (not accessible)

Fixation light for keratometer and anterior chamber depth measurement and WTW determination

Source

Wavelength

Illumination for keratometer measurement

Source

Wavelength

Slit illumination for anterior chamber depth measurement, integral irradiance

UV (300 to 400 nm)

IR (700 to 1100 nm)

L

B

(phakic eye)

L

A

(aphakic eye)

LED

880 nm

< 100 μW

Semiconductor diode laser (MMLD)

780 nm

450 μW

80 μW

0.5 s

20 per eye and day

1 (DIN EN 60825-1:2003)

3B

LED

590 nm

< 1 μW

LED

880 nm

< 50 μW

0.00087 mW cm

0.04 mW cm

-2

-2

(in spectral range of 860 to 1100 nm no detectable emission from light source)

122.8 W (m

2

sr)

-1

125.5 W (m

2

sr)

-1

000000-1322-734_GA_GB-US_120608

136

Spectral irradiance

Technical specifications

"Optical axis" or "0°" corresponds to the direct view into the illuminating projector.

33° is the angle for the intended use in anterior chamber depth measurement.

Spectrally assessed photochemical radiation densities

000000-1322-734_GA_GB-US_120608

Technical specifications

137

Photochemical radiation density of a light source (white LED - slit illumination)

2

4

3.5

3

2.5

2

1.5

1

0.5

0

300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700

The spectrally assessed photochemical radiation densities L

B

and L

A are a measure of the risk of photochemical damage of the retina through light. L

B

represents the measure for the phakic eye, L

A represents the measure for the aphakic eye or for the eyes of very young children. Readings of L

B

and L

A

in excess of 800 W(m

2 sr)

-1

are considered high. The radiation dose of the retina for a photochemical risk is calculated as the product of radiation density and exposure time.

The recommended radiation dose is based on calculations of the American Conference of Governmental and Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Values for Chemical Substances and Physical Agents

(Edition: 1995-1996).

The measured photometric values of the IOLMaster are far below the levels that are regarded as high.

Thus, the risk of damage through optical radiation is extremely low. Nevertheless, anterior chamber depth measurement with the IOLMaster should be limited to the time absolutely necessary for the diagnosis.

The risk of damage may be higher, if fundus photography of the patient to be examined has been taken within the last 24 hours.

Technical details and delivery packaging subject to change.

000000-1322-734_GA_GB-US_120608

138

0297

Manufacturer’s Declaration

The device meets the requirements of the Medical Device Directive

93/42/EEC and its national equivalent in the form of the German

Medical Product Act (MPG).

Instrument class according to the Medical Device Directive: IIa

UMDNS 18-014

If changes are made to the product or it is opened without the manufacturer's authorisation, this declaration will be rendered invalid.

000000-1322-734_GA_GB-US_120608

Abbreviations/Glossary

ACD

AE

Anterior chamber depth

Application Entity (Name of a DICOM node)

C Cornea

COM csv

D

DICOM

DICOM

Modality

Worklist

DIN

EMR

Communication (serial interface for PC operating systems)

Colon separated values (method of presentation in which the individual values have separators (semicolon, comma, etc.) in between them).

Dioptres (unit of measurement for refractive power)

Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine

(open standard for the exchange of digital medical images and the data linked to them)

Service enabling the automatic import of jobs, including pertinent patient data, from an information system

Deutsches Institut für Normung = German Technical

Standards Institute

Electronic medical record (Practice management system)

Fig. Figure

HIPAA American Health Insurance Portability and Accountability

Act

ID Identification

KER Keratometer

LC display Liquid crystal display mm millimetres

MS

Microsoft

®

μm micrometre

MMLD Multi-mode laser diode

Network Broker Broker service for the communication with a DICOM server

SRK

®

Sanders Retzlaff Kraff

USB

VGA

Universal serial bus (standard interface for PC peripherals)

Video graphic adapter (video standard for PC with 640 x

480 pixels and 16 colours)

WTW White-to-white distance

000000-1322-734_GA_GB-US_120608

139

CARL ZEISS MEDITEC AG

Goeschwitzer Str. 51-52

07745 Jena

Germany

Phone: +49 3641 220 333

Fax: +49 3641 220 282

Email: [email protected]

Internet: www.meditec.zeiss.com

000000-1322-734_GA_GB-US_120608

IOLMaster

Specifications subject to change

=

Content

User manual

IOLMaster with Advanced Technology

Software Version 5.4

[000000-1322-734_GA_GB-US_120608]

Microsoft Software License Terms

[LT_XP_PRO_embedded_080807]

Installation of a Network Printer on the IOLMaster

[Network Printer on IOLMaster_180707]

Notes on and conditions of use for the remote maintenance tool

[ 000000-1305-000_AddGA_GB_150807]

Enclosure

IOLMaster Quick Instructions Version 5.4

[000000-1322-734_KurzGA_GB_110608]

1

2

3

4

000000-1322-734_Inhalt2_GB_160608

MICROSOFT SOFTWARE LICENSE TERMS FOR:

MICROSOFT® WINDOWS® 2000 PROFESSIONAL FOR EMBEDDED SYSTEMS (1-2 CPU VERSION)

MICROSOFT® WINDOWS® XP PROFESSIONAL 64 BIT EDITION FOR EMBEDDED SYSTEMS (1-2 CPU)

MICROSOFT® WINDOWS® XP PROFESSIONAL FOR EMBEDDED SYSTEMS (1-2 CPU VERSION)

MICROSOFT® WINDOWS® XP PROFESSIONAL FOR EMBEDDED SYSTEMS – RUSSIAN VERSION

(1-2 CPU VERSION)

MICROSOFT® WINDOWS® XP PROFESSIONAL FOR EMBEDDED SYSTEMS – SIMPLIFIED CHINESE

VERSION (1-2 CPU VERSION)

These license terms are an agreement between you and Carl Zeiss Meditec AG [CZM]. Please read them. They apply to the software included on this device. The software also includes any separate media on which you received the software.

The software on this device includes software licensed from Microsoft Corporation or its affiliate.

The terms also apply to any Microsoft

• updates,

• supplements,

Internet-based services, and

• support services for this software, unless other terms accompany those items. If so, those terms apply. If you obtain updates or supplements directly from Microsoft, then Microsoft, and not [CZM], licenses those to you.

As described below, using some features also operates as your consent to the transmission of certain standard computer information for Internet-based services.

By using the software, you accept these terms. If you do not accept them, do not use the software.

Instead, contact [CZM] to determine its return policy for a refund or credit.

If you comply with these license terms, you have the rights below.

1.

USE RIGHTS.

You may use the software on the device with which you acquired the software.

Processor Limit. You may use the software with no more than two (2) processors at any one time.

2.

ADDITIONAL LICENSING REQUIREMENTS AND/OR USE RIGHTS. a.

Specific Use. [CZM] designed this device for a specific use. You may only use the software for that use. b. Other Software. You may use other programs with the software as long as the other programs

• directly support the manufacturer’s specific use for the device, or

• provide system utilities, resource management, or anti-virus or similar protection.

Software that provides consumer or business tasks or processes may not run on the device. This includes email, word processing, spreadsheet, database, scheduling and personal finance software.

The device may use terminal services protocols to access such software running on a server. one device may not access, display, run, share or use the software at the same time. You may allow up to ten other devices to access the software to use

File Services,

Print Services,

Internet Information Services, and

Internet Connection Sharing and Telephony Services.

LT_XP_PRO_embedded_080807

1

The ten connection limit applies to devices that access the software indirectly through "multiplexing" or other software or hardware that pools connections. You may use unlimited inbound connections at any time via TCP/IP.

3.

SCOPE OF LICENSE. The software is licensed, not sold. This agreement only gives you some rights to use the software. [CZM] and Microsoft reserve all other rights. Unless applicable law gives you more rights despite this limitation, you may use the software only as expressly permitted in this agreement. In doing so, you must comply with any technical limitations in the software that allow you to use it only in certain ways. For more information, see the software documentation or contact [CZM]. Except and only to the extent permitted by applicable law despite these limitations, you may not:

• work around any technical limitations in the software,

• reverse engineer, decompile or disassemble the software,

• make more copies of the software than specified in this agreement,

• publish the software for others to copy,

• rent, lease or lend the software, or

• use the software for commercial software hosting services.

Except as expressly provided in this agreement, rights to access the software on this device do not give you any right to implement Microsoft patents or other Microsoft intellectual property in software or devices that access this device.

INTERNET-BASED SERVICES. Microsoft provides Internet-based services with the software.

Microsoft may change or cancel them at any time. a.

Consent for Internet-Based Services. The software features described below connect to

Microsoft or service provider computer systems over the Internet. In some cases, you will not receive a separate notice when they connect. You may switch off these features or not use them. For more information about these features, visit

http://www.microsoft.com/windowsxp/downloads/updates/sp2/docs/privacy.mspx.

By using these features, you consent to the transmission of this information. Microsoft does not use the information to identify or contact you. b. Computer Information. The following feature uses Internet protocols, which send to the appropriate systems computer information, such as your Internet protocol address, the type of operating system, browser and name and version of the software you are using, and the language code of the device where you installed the software. Microsoft uses this information to make the Internet-based services available to you.

Web Content Features. Features in the software can retrieve related content from

Microsoft and provide it to you. To provide the content, these features send to Microsoft the type of operating system, name and version of the software you are using, type of browser and language code of the device where the software was installed. Examples of these features are clip art, templates, online training, online assistance and Appshelp. You may choose not to use these web content features.

Windows Media Digital Rights Management. Content owners use Windows Media

Digital Rights Management technology (WMDRM) to protect their intellectual property, including copyrights. This software and third party software use WMDRM to play and copy

WMDRM-protected content. If the software fails to protect the content, content owners may ask Microsoft to revoke the software’s ability to use WMDRM to play or copy protected content. Revocation does not affect other content. When you download licenses for protected content, you agree that Microsoft may include a revocation list with the licenses.

Content owners may require you to upgrade WMDRM to access their content. Microsoft software that includes WMDRM will ask for your consent prior to the upgrade. If you decline an upgrade, you will not be able to access content that requires the upgrade. You may switch off WMDRM features that access the Internet. When these features are off, you can still play content for which you have a valid license. c.

Misuse of Internet-based Services. You may not use these services in any way that could harm them or impair anyone else’s use of them. You may not use the services to try to gain unauthorized access to any service, data, account or network by any means.

2 LT_XP_PRO_embedded_080807

NOTICES ABOUT THE MPEG-4 VISUAL STANDARD. The software may include MPEG-4 visual decoding technology. This technology is a format for data compression of video information. MPEG

LA, L.L.C. requires this notice:

USE OF THIS PRODUCT IN ANY MANNER THAT COMPLIES WITH THE MPEG-4 VISUAL STANDARD IS

PROHIBITED, EXCEPT FOR USE DIRECTLY RELATED TO (A) DATA OR INFORMATION (i) GENERATED

BY AND OBTAINED WITHOUT CHARGE FROM A CONSUMER NOT THEREBY ENGAGED IN A

BUSINESS ENTERPRISE, AND (ii) FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY; AND (B) OTHER USES SPECIFICALLY AND

SEPARATELY LICENSED BY MPEG LA, L.L.C.

If you have questions about the MPEG-4 visual standard, please contact MPEG LA, L.L.C., 250 Steele

Street, Suite 300, Denver, CO 80206; www.mpegla.com.

4.

PRODUCT SUPPORT. Contact [CZM] for support options. Refer to the support number provided with the device.

5.

BACKUP COPY. You may make one backup copy of the software. You may use it only to reinstall the software on the device.

6.

PROOF OF LICENSE. If you acquired the software on the device, or on a disc or other media, a genuine

Certificate of Authenticity label with a genuine copy of the software identifies licensed software. To be valid, this label must be affixed to the device, or included on or in [CZM]’s software packaging. If you receive the label separately, it is not valid. You should keep the label on the device or packaging to prove that you are licensed to use the software. To identify genuine Microsoft software, see

http://www.howtotell.com.

7.

TRANSFER TO A THIRD PARTY. You may transfer the software only with the device, the Certificate of

Authenticity label, and these license terms directly to a third party. Before the transfer, that party must agree that these license terms apply to the transfer and use of the software. You may not retain any copies of the software including the backup copy.

8.

NOT FAULT TOLERANT. The software is not fault tolerant. [CZM] installed the software on the device and is responsible for how it operates on the device.

9.

RESTRICTED USE. The Microsoft software was designed for systems that do not require fail-safe performance. You may not use the Microsoft software in any device or system in which a malfunction of the software would result in foreseeable risk of injury or death to any person. This includes operation of nuclear facilities, aircraft navigation or communication systems and air traffic control.

10.

NO WARRANTIES FOR THE SOFTWARE. The software is provided "as is". You bear all risks of

using it. Microsoft gives no express warranties, guarantees or conditions. Any warranties you receive regarding the device or the software do not originate from, and are not binding on,

Microsoft or its affiliates. When allowed by your local laws, [CZM] and Microsoft exclude implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose and non-infringement.

11.

LIABILITY LIMITATIONS. You can recover from Microsoft and its affiliates only direct damages

up to two hundred fifty U.S. Dollars (U.S. $250.00), or equivalent in local currency. You cannot recover any other damages, including consequential, lost profits, special, indirect or incidental damages.

This limitation applies to:

anything related to the software, services, content (including code) on third party internet sites, or third party programs, and

claims for breach of contract, breach of warranty, guarantee or condition, strict liability, negligence, or other tort to the extent permitted by applicable law.

It also applies even if Microsoft should have been aware of the possibility of the damages. The above limitation may not apply to you because your country may not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental, consequential or other damages.

12.

EXPORT RESTRICTIONS. The software is subject to United States export laws and regulations. You must comply with all domestic and international export laws and regulations that apply to the software. These laws include restrictions on destinations, end users and end use. For additional information, see

www.microsoft.com/exporting.

LT_XP_PRO_embedded_080807

3

=

Content

User manual

IOLMaster with Advanced Technology

Software Version 5.4

[000000-1322-734_GA_GB-US_120608]

Microsoft Software License Terms

[LT_XP_PRO_embedded_080807]

Installation of a Network Printer on the IOLMaster

[Network Printer on IOLMaster_180707]

Notes on and conditions of use for the remote maintenance tool

[ 000000-1305-000_AddGA_GB_150807]

Enclosure

IOLMaster Quick Instructions Version 5.4

[000000-1322-734_KurzGA_GB_110608]

1

2

3

4

000000-1322-734_Inhalt3_GB_160608

Installation of a Network Printer on the IOLMaster

Ask your network administrator for correct IP ad-

dress or DNS and exact type/model of the network printer used. Keep printer installation CD ready.

To open the Printers and Faxes dialog box, click

Printer which can be found in the Option

Setup… menu.

The flow chart on the left should help you with the installation of a network printer on the IOLMaster. Make sure that the IOLMaster is connected to the network with a network cable using a network isolator (000000-0448-

931).

If other printers exist, delete them here to avoid trouble. Click on the

ADD PRINTER

icon and follow the instructions.

Select Local printer attached to this computer option. Deactivate the checkbox Automatically

detect and install my Plug and Play printer!

Confirm with

NEXT

.

Click the Create a new port option and select

Standard TCP/IP Port in the drop down list.

Continue with

NEXT

.

Caution

The IOLMaster may only be connected to private networks which are protected from public networks (internet) by firewalls conforming to the latest technical standards! A network isolator must be used for connection to an external network (NET).

This can be ordered from Carl Zeiss.

The platform of the IOLMaster is the English version of

Windows XP. Usually the default paper size will be legal or any other American paper size. Be sure the setting is for the paper size used in the printer. Otherwise the printer will show an error message instead of printing.

The Add Standard TCP/IP Printer Port Wizard opens. Continue with the Next button. Type the correct IP address or DNS name of your network printer. Change the Port Name if you like. Confirm with

NEXT

.

If your specified printer was found in the network, a dialog appears with the appropriate details. Confirm with

FINISH

.

Select manufacturer / printer from those listed in the

Add Printer dialog. Confirm with Next. If your printer is not listed, insert the printer installation CD and click Have Disk…

Now you can type a name for the network printer and continue with

NEXT

.

If, during the installation an error message A port with

that name already exists. Choose another name occurs an earlier installation was interrupted and the port name is already in use. Choose a different port name instead.

Warning

Correct operation of the IOLMaster is essential to ensure its safe functioning.

Please familiarise yourself thoroughly with the contents of the complete user manual before using the device.

Select Do not share this printer option and confirm with

NEXT

.

If you want, print a test page and confirm with

NEXT

.

The installation is now completed and you will see a dialog containing all the information on the network printer. Finalize the installation with

FINISH

.

Network Printer on IOLMaster_180707

CARL ZEISS MEDITEC AG

Goeschwitzer Str. 51-52

07745 Jena

GERMANY

Phone: +49 3641 220 333

Fax: +49 3641 220 282

Email: [email protected]

Internet: www.meditec.zeiss.com

Network Printer on IOLMaster_180707

Specifications subject to change

=

Content

User manual

IOLMaster with Advanced Technology

Software Version 5.4

[000000-1322-734_GA_GB-US_120608]

Microsoft Software License Terms

[LT_XP_PRO_embedded_080807]

Installation of a Network Printer on the IOLMaster

[Network Printer on IOLMaster_180707]

Notes on and conditions of use for the remote maintenance tool

[ 000000-1305-000_AddGA_GB_150807]

Enclosure

IOLMaster Quick Instructions Version 5.4

[000000-1322-734_KurzGA_GB_110608]

1

2

3

4

000000-1322-734_Inhalt4_GB_160608

Notes on and conditions of use for the remote maintenance tool

1.

Use of the remote maintenance tool requires that the Carl Zeiss Meditec AG service team or a company authorised by them be contacted beforehand.

2.

The remote maintenance function can be activated by the user only. This requires the entry of an activation code. The user can then switch between observation mode and remote control mode. The user can abort the selected remote maintenance mode at any time by closing the remote maintenance dialog box. It is not possible for the service technician to start or restart observation mode without the user's consent.

3.

In observation mode, a service technician from Carl Zeiss Meditec AG or a company authorised by them is able to continuously view a copy of the current program interface.

Service personnel may therefore be able to view patient details if they are displayed in the visible program interface. It is entirely the responsibility of the user to take all necessary measures to ensure that confidential data is protected during the remote maintenance session and that all legal regulations are adhered to.

4.

In remote control mode, a service technician from Carl Zeiss Meditec AG or an authorised company is able to operate the instrument’s user interface with the privileges of the currently logged in user. Remote control mode can be terminated at any time by pressing F5. The program will then switch to observation mode. It is solely the user’s responsibility to take all necessary measures to ensure that confidential data is protected during the remote maintenance session and that all legal regulations are adhered to.

5.

The user may not leave the instrument unsupervised in observation or remote maintenance mode. Under no circumstances is the remote maintenance tool to be used for fault diagnosis while treatment is being carried out. The user must alert the service technician from Carl Zeiss

Meditec AG or a company authorised by them by telephone if there are other people in the room in which the instrument is located during a remote maintenance session.

6.

The user is solely responsible for the safe operation of the instrument during a remote maintenance session.

7.

No guarantee is entered into for advice given during a remote maintenance session. Carl Zeiss

Meditec AG in particular does not guarantee that they or a company authorised by them will be able to diagnose or remedy a fault using remote maintenance mode. If it is not possible to diagnose or remedy the fault in remote maintenance mode, the user will need to request that a service technician attend the installation. This will incur further costs.

Notes on and conditions of use for the remote maintenance tool

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© Carl Zeiss Meditec AG

8.

The user may only permit the use of remote maintenance mode if the currently logged on user’s privileges do not permit unauthorised access to protected data.

9.

The user may only permit the use of remote maintenance mode if no danger can arise to patients or other persons through the operation of the instrument in remote maintenance mode.

10.

Except in cases of intent or gross negligence, Carl Zeiss Meditec AG accepts no liability – on any legal basis – for damages arising during fault diagnosis or maintenance in remote maintenance mode.

11.

Place of jurisdiction is, for commercial customers, the registered place of business of the Carl

Zeiss Group company making use of these conditions of use. We are, however, also entitled to pursue claims against you at your official place of business.

12.

The law of the Federal Republic of Germany applies, with the exclusion of UN sales law and the referral provisions of German private international law.

13.

In addition, the currently applicable version of the general terms and conditions for service agreements apply to all remote maintenance procedures. Users can view the current version of the general terms and conditions for service agreements on the internet at http://www.meditec.zeiss.de/AGB .

14.

Should any individual provisions of these conditions be in part or in full invalid, the validity of the remaining provisions or the remaining parts of such provisions shall not be affected.

© Carl Zeiss Meditec AG

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Notes on and conditions of use for the remote maintenance tool

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