DoStudio Authoring 2.5 User Manual

DoStudio Authoring 2.5 User Manual
Revised June 20, 2012
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USA
The information contained in this manual is subject to change without notice and does not represent a
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Copyright © 2012. Sony Creative Software Inc.
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
3
Introduction
7
Technical support
7
About your rights in DoStudio Authoring software
7
About your privacy
7
Proper use of software
8
Terminology
8
Product philosophy
9
DoStudio Authoring basics
11
Menu elements
11
The image buffer
13
Actions
14
Playlist tree elements
14
Authoring workflow
17
Planning
17
Graphics creation
18
Video and audio encoding
18
Subtitling
19
Authoring
19
Emulation/testing
20
Formatting
20
The DoStudio Authoring workspace
21
The tabbed view
21
Floating workspace view
21
Layouts
22
Overview of the workspace
22
Working with the Menu Elements window
23
Working with the Playlist window
25
Working with the Layout Editor window
26
TABLE OF CONTENTS
3
Working with the Layout Preview window
27
Working with the Control Panel
27
Working with DoStudio Authoring
29
Creating projects
29
Saving and exporting projects
30
Setting up your project
31
Menu element properties
41
Setting up your playlist
47
Playlists
49
Blu-ray Disc titles
57
Subtitles
59
Compiling your Blu-ray Disc
63
Verifying your compiled disc image
67
Burning a Blu-ray Disc
67
Formatting your Blu-ray Disc for replication
67
Audio/video segments
Adding, deleting, and editing segments
71
Adding primary audio/video streams to segments
72
Adding secondary audio/video streams (PiP)
73
Adding Dolby TrueHD to your project
79
Adding multichannel LPCM files to your project
79
Adding slideshow segments
81
Importing menu graphics in Mosaic
85
Naming convention for .psd file layers
86
Adding a .psd file to Mosaic
88
Working with the Mosaic interface
89
Importing menu elements into DoStudio Authoring
96
Reimporting a Photoshop file
96
Mosaic Action Script
97
Using actions
4
71
103
Assigning and removing actions
103
Menu block animation actions
105
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Button association actions
105
Display menu actions
108
Display button actions
112
Title playback actions
114
Blu-ray only actions
117
Subtitle actions
117
Primary audio/video actions
119
Secondary audio/video actions
120
Sound effect actions
122
System actions
124
Intellidisc actions
128
Animation actions
129
Advanced authoring
131
Using conditions
131
Advanced parameters (APRMs)
135
HDMV authoring
139
Using HDMV Menus
139
Using the Movie Object Editor
142
Setting up a BD Title that references movie object numbers
143
Setting up a play-only HDMV title
144
Blu-ray Title Setup tab
145
HDMV navigation commands
145
DoStudio 3D Authoring Module
149
3D terminology
149
Setting up 3D segments and playlists
149
Completing the 3D disc
153
3D metadata offset file (.do3d)
157
Appendices
159
Using ImgBurn
159
Basic Blu-ray Disc specification information for authors
163
AACS for independent producers
164
Exporting chapter markers from Vegas Pro
164
TABLE OF CONTENTS
5
Exporting chapter markers from Final Cut Pro
165
BD Touch and DoStudio Authoring
166
Keyboard shortcuts
166
Index
6
TABLE OF CONTENTS
169
Chapter 1
Introduction
This manual introduces you to DoStudio Authoring, a complete Blu-ray Disc™ authoring application from
Sony Creative Software.
The information in this manual is designed for beginning to intermediate users, especially users who are
unfamiliar with a few or all of the concepts of Blu-ray Disc authoring. Don't be fooled by the simple and
straightforward nature of the application, however. DoStudio Authoring is a powerful, BD-ROM
specification compliant authoring system with full AACS support, BDCMF formatting, BD-J support, and
more. The power of DoStudio Authoring lies in its ease of use.
This manual assumes that the you have a fundamental understanding of the graphics formats used for
Blu-ray Disc menus such as PSDs, PNGs, and the like. It also assumes that you are reasonably skilled in the
use of Adobe Photoshop, or have access to someone who does. Blu-ray Disc menus are graphics-intensive
and much of the success of your Blu-ray Disc project will depend on the quality of your graphic design.
Technical support
E-mail your support requests to the Sony Creative Software DoStudio team at
[email protected]
You can also call the DoStudio team from 9 A.M. to 5 P.M. Central Time, Monday through Friday,
excluding company holidays.
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North America: (866) 650-7768 (toll free)
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International: (608) 203-2370
About your rights in DoStudio Authoring software
DoStudio Authoring software is licensed to you under the terms of the End User License Agreement you
entered into with Sony Creative Software Inc.
About your privacy
Sony Creative Software Inc. respects your privacy and is committed to protecting personal information.
Your use of the software is governed by the Software Privacy Policy. Please review its contents carefully as
its terms and conditions affect your rights with respect to the information that is collected by the software.
For your reference, a copy of the Software Privacy Policy is located at
http://www.sonycreativesoftware.com/corporate/privacy.
INTRODUCTION
7
Proper use of software
DoStudio Authoring software is not intended and should not be used for illegal or infringing purposes, such
as the illegal copying or sharing of copyrighted materials. Using DoStudio Authoring software for such
purposes is, among other things, against United States and international copyright laws and contrary to the
terms and conditions of the End User License Agreement. Such activity may be punishable by law and may
also subject you to the breach remedies set forth in the End User License Agreement.
Terminology
This manual uses some terminology that is commonplace in Blu-ray Disc parlance but may seem peculiar
or confusing if you are new to Blu-ray Disc authoring. This manual also uses some terminology that is
specific to DoStudio Authoring. We explain a few of them here before you get too far.
DSA
DSA stands for DoStudio Authoring, which is the Blu-ray Disc authoring tool that is about to enable you to
efficiently create professional Blu-ray Disc menus.
Blu-ray Disc vs. BD
BD is the official acronym for Blu-ray Disc. At times in this manual we spell out Blu-ray Disc, at other times
we use the acronym.
Author
When we say "DVD author" or "BD author" or just "author" we are referring to the person who is creating,
programming, and designing the disc. Because you are reading this manual, that author is probably you.
Viewer
When we say the Viewer, we are referring to the person who is watching the Blu-ray Disc that you have
created. The viewer may be watching your disc on a set-top Blu-ray Disc player, a PlayStation®3, or a
computer software player such as ArcSoft TotalMedia Theatre.
Pop-up menu
A pop-up menu is a feature found on all professional Blu-ray Disc titles. Unlike DVDs, which require you to
interrupt the video in order to access the menu, the Blu-ray Disc format allows you to display your menu
over the video stream while it is still playing. DoStudio Authoring creates pop-up menus with ease.
BD-Live
BD-Live™ is the rather catchy name given to the Internet capabilities of the Blu-ray Disc format. BD-Live
allows you to play games with others online, download content and use social networking sites to name a
few oft-cited examples.
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CHAPTER 1
Actions
Actions are unique to DoStudio Authoring. Actions are playback or navigational behaviors that you can
assign to buttons to create interactivity on your Blu-ray Disc. Actions are assigned via an expandable menu
in the Control Panel window. Actions take the place of hand-scripting code, so love them!
BD-R/-RE
Throughout this manual we often refer to BD-R/-RE when discussing burning a disc. BD-R is the name for
the writable Blu-ray Disc format. BD-RE is the name for the rewritable Blu-ray Disc format. All Blu-ray Disc
burners support both BD-R and BD-RE. There is no functional difference between the two formats. The
obvious difference is that BD-Rs can be used only once, whereas a BD-RE can be reused multiple times.
Considering that the cost of rewritable media is still relatively high, we recommend using BD-RE for burning
and testing your discs.
Multiplexing/muxing
Multiplexing and muxing are different words for the same operation. In this manual they are used
interchangeably. Multiplexing is the process of converting your project's elementary audio and video
streams into the file types and structure that are readable by a Blu-ray Disc player.
Product philosophy
We are committed to making professional Blu-ray Disc authoring practical for the mid-sized producer, so
we set out to create the ideal tool for DVD authors who are making the transition to Blu-ray Disc authoring.
Rather than simply map a tool to the Blu-ray Disc specification, DoStudio Authoring maps the DVD
authoring workflow to Blu-ray Disc creation.
In order to do this, we have identified the most pressing needs of the professional authoring community
and designed DoStudio Authoring to specifically meet those needs efficiently and affordably: pop-up
menus, picture-in-picture, BD-Live, and a robust plug-in architecture for inclusion of third party BD-J
applications such as games.
The current release of DoStudio Authoring supports pop-up menu creation, Blu-ray 3D™ support, picture-inpicture support, support for third-party BD-J (including BD-Live features) and BDCMF (BD25 & BD50)
formatting with AACS support for replication. In other words, DoStudio Authoring does everything you
need to make a professional Blu-ray Disc today. Which features are available to you depends upon which
licenses you have purchased. For more information, see http://www.sonycreativesoftware.com/dostudio.
INTRODUCTION
9
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CHAPTER 1
Chapter 2
DoStudio Authoring basics
DoStudio Authoring replaces the complexity of the Blu-ray Disc™ specification with simple to understand
concepts that any DVD author can learn quickly. This section briefly explains the concepts and terminology
that are essential to working with DoStudio Authoring successfully.
Menu elements
Let's begin with the elements that comprise a pop-up menu. When building menus in DoStudio Authoring,
you will be working with three basic elements: menu blocks, sets, and buttons.
Menu blocks
Menu blocks are rectangular areas of the screen, defined by you, the author, that contain a menu such as
your main menu, or a submenu such as a menu for chapter selection or special features. DoStudio
Authoring can accommodate 32-bit graphics for your menus (HDMV-only tools can accept only 8-bit
graphics). Menu blocks cannot overlap on screen. They typically have a background image that defines the
block's size on the screen; however, menu blocks can be transparent. You can create as many menu blocks
as your project requires.
By default, the menu block that is listed at the top of your project's menu tree is the menu block that is
associated with the pop-up menu button on the Blu-ray Disc player's remote control. In other words, it will
toggle on and off screen when the viewer presses the pop-up menu button. You can change which menu
block is associated with the pop-up menu button using actions, so you can program your disc to display a
different pop-up menu depending on what part of the disc is playing.
DOSTUDIO AUTHORING BASICS
11
Menu blocks can animate on and off screen. They can float, or "pop up," over your video while it is playing.
Menu blocks are the parent element of a menu. This means that any other menu elements live inside them
and are attached to them. When you delete a menu block, any sets or buttons contained in that menu
block are also deleted. If you animate a menu block, all of the sets or buttons contained in that menu block
also animate.
Sets
Sets are visual layers of a menu block. Every menu block must have at least one set. A good way to think of
sets is as visual layers of your menu block that are stacked on top of each other. Each set contains its own
set of buttons (hence the name "set"), and each set can contain its own background image or it can be
transparent. Only one set can be visible at a time. A practical example is best to illustrate this concept:
Imagine you have a movie with 15 chapters and you would like to create a chapter menu that allows the
viewer to select any of the 15 chapters for viewing. Simple enough, right? One way to do this is to create a
menu block and add 15 buttons to it (we'll discuss buttons below).
But what if your graphic designer wants to include nice icons for each chapter and group the icons five at a
time on the menu block for the sake of visual appeal? This is where sets come in. You can create three sets
in your menu block, each with five buttons on it.
Sets can each have their own background image, or they can be transparent. Only one set in each menu
block can be visible on screen at a time.
Buttons
Buttons are a pretty straightforward concept if you have ever authored a DVD. A button is an area on a
menu block that is selectable and clickable with a remote control. Buttons are used to play video or to
display new menu items.
In Blu-ray Disc authoring and in DoStudio Authoring, buttons have three images associated with them.
Each image corresponds to a state that the button can have: normal, selected, and activated. The normal
state is what the button looks like when the viewer has not selected it with the remote control. The selected
state is what the button looks like when the viewer has navigated to that button using the remote control.
The activated state is what the button looks like when the viewer has clicked enter on the remote control.
The activated state is usually seen only for the brief amount of time after the viewer has pressed Enter and
before a video is played or another menu item appears.
A button is required to have an image for its normal state. The selected and activated states are optional. If
you do not add a graphic for the selected or activated state, the graphic for the normal state is displayed.
Attention DVD authors!
As described above, the method for creating buttons for Blu-ray Disc menus is quite different from
creating buttons for DVD menus. There is no "overlay" layer such as you are accustomed to using in
DVD authoring. You (or your menu designer) must create three separate images for a button. Each
image corresponds to an image state. Your menu designer will be pleased with this new capability,
because he or she will no longer be limited to a simple 8-bit graphic overlay. With DoStudio Authoring,
they can create full 32-bit graphics that appear for each image state. DoStudio Authoring can import
all of these graphics directly from a layered PSD file.
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CHAPTER 2
The image buffer
A new concept for DVD authors is managing the image buffer for the graphics you include in menus. In
DoStudio Authoring, this includes your pop-up menus and your First Play image.
DoStudio Authoring creates all of the pop-up menus as BD-J (Blu-ray Disc Java) so you can use 32-bit
graphics. The image buffer size varies depending on the profile of the Blu-ray Disc player. BD-J allows a
maximum graphics buffer size of 45.5 MB for profile 1.0/1.1 players and 61.5 MB for profile 2.0 players.
These numbers are misleading, however, because you cannot cram 45.5 MB of graphics into the buffer and
expect your disc to function properly on many Blu-ray Disc players due to the overhead of processing the
graphics.
We have found though extensive testing that all players can handle 32.5 MB of graphics buffer and
DoStudio Authoring limits you to 32.5 MB so that your discs will play successfully on all players. When you
compile your project or run the validation in the Control Panel, DoStudio Authoring calculates the total file
size for each menu element and warns you if you have exceeded the 32.5 MB limit.
How is the image buffer size calculated?
The size of the image buffer is based the fact that each pixel in an image uses 4 bytes of memory. This is
because every pixel uses four colors: red, green, blue, and an alpha channel to determine the color and
transparency of the image. The equation for calculating the image buffer size is as follows:
Width x Height x 4 = number of bytes
For example, an image that is 1920x128 image takes up 124 KB of space:
1920 x 128 x 4 = 124,000 bytes
Tips for managing the image buffer size
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Do not create images with a lot of extra transparencies around the actual image. Even a
transparent pixel takes memory.
Create a small first play image, such as the text loading.
Reuse a background image for all sets by placing the background image on the menu block instead
of on each set.
Remove any images for the selected and activated state that are not being used.
Keep in mind a wide image that is applied to a set can be used to remove a lot of extra pixels from
memory.
Keep in mind an image that is 512 pixels by 256 pixels will take up 1 MB of image memory.
Design your menu using rectangles and keep track of a rough estimate of how many bytes each
rectangle will use. Remember buttons have up to three images per rectangle.
DOSTUDIO AUTHORING BASICS
13
Actions
Actions are another unique feature of DoStudio Authoring. Actions are functions that create the interactive
functionality of your Blu-ray Disc. Some sample actions are: Play Chapter, Show Menu, Play Sound, and
many more. Actions are assigned in the Action Editor, which is found in the Control Panel when you have
selected an element that is able to receive an action. For more information, see "Using actions" on page
103.
Actions can be assigned to the following elements in your project:
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Menu Navigation Buttons (Enter, Up, Down, Left, Right)
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Menu Block Events (On Show, On Hide) and Menu Button Events (On Show)
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Remote Control Buttons (Play, Pause, Pop Up Menu, Rewind, Fast Forward, Red Button, Green
Button, Blue Button, Yellow Button)
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Title Start
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Title End
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Chapter Start
Playlist tree elements
The Playlist tree elements determine how the video is laid out on your Blu-ray Disc.
Audio/video segments
Your audio, video, and subtitle assets are added to your project as audio/video segments. Each segment
can contain one elementary video stream (2D or 3D), up to nine audio tracks, and up to 32 subtitle tracks.
You can add up to 999 audio/video segments to your project.
2D segments can also contain one secondary video track (used for picture-in-picture effects) and up to nine
secondary audio tracks. A 3D segment uses two video files, a base view and a dependent view.
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CHAPTER 2
Slideshow segments
A slideshow segment allows you to add up to 100 JPEG images in HD or SD resolution that will display on
screen for up to 255 seconds. You can add audio tracks to slideshow titles just as you would a video title.
Viewers can navigate through the slideshow images using their remote control while the audio plays
uninterrupted.
Playlists
After you have created your audio/video segments, you must add them to playlists. You can add the same
audio/video segments to multiple playlists without taking up extra capacity on the disc.
A playlist contains playback and navigational information about how your video will play on your Blu-ray
Disc. You can add a single audio/video segment to a playlist, or you can add multiple audio/video
segments to a playlist and join them seamlessly. In DoStudio Authoring, this is represented visually in a
timeline. This is analogous to how video is organized in tracks on a timeline when authoring a standard
DVD.
When you add an audio/video segment to a playlist it becomes a path item. You can define chapter points
for each path item. The chapters are defined by the timecode of each path item, not of the entire playlist. If
you have added the same audio/video segment to multiple playlists, you are allowed to define different
chapter points for each path item.
Playlists have Start and End events that you can add actions to. This allows you to add authoring features
such as showing or hiding menu blocks every time a playlist starts or ends. Chapters have a Start event to
which you can add actions.
DOSTUDIO AUTHORING BASICS
15
You will notice that when you jump playback from one playlist to the next, there is a delay and often
the screen will go black. This is normal due to a provision in the Blu-ray Disc specification that requires
the Blu-ray Disc player to stop any time the disc changes playlists. The actual delay will vary from
player to player, but it is normal for the player to pause for roughly two seconds.
Blu-ray Disc titles
By default your project will have one Blu-ray Disc title called the "DoStudio BD-J Menu" title. All of your
playlists are contained in this title and the BD-J menu is active across all of the playlists. You can see the
playlists represented visually in the title timeline.
The Blu-ray Disc titles node in the Playlist tree is where you set up your loading screen. This allows you to
define what graphic is displayed on screen while the player loads the BD-J into memory. The amount of
time this loading screen is displayed on screen depends upon the speed and quality of the Blu-ray Disc
player and the amount of graphics you have included in your menus.
You can position playlists before the loading screen if you desire. These playlists will play before the BD-J
menu loads into the player's memory. This can be useful for displaying warnings, logos, or trailers.
The playlist directly to the right of the Loading Screen in the timeline will play after the menus have loaded.
After that, the playback order of the playlists is determined by the On End Play events and actions that you
author into your project.
For more information about setting up your playlist, see "Setting up your playlist" on page 47.
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CHAPTER 2
Chapter 3
Authoring workflow
Planning
You're probably tired of hearing people talking about the importance of planning your Blu-ray Disc™
production. Chances are, you can knock out a DVD with very little planning at all. But keep in mind that the
Blu-ray Disc format introduces new interactive capabilities, new graphics requirements, and mandatory
protection schemes for replication.
A few items to think through before beginning your project:
Flowchart the interactive aspects of the disc
It is important to think through how the user will interact with the menu system and other interactive
features of the disc. Create a flowchart. Think through every button on the remote control. Will your main
program start automatically or will you create a video loop that your pop-up menu will appear over at
program start?
Naming conventions
If you are working with a team of authors and graphics designers, establish a naming convention for your
graphics particularly as they describe menu elements and button states. Many an authoring job has been
delayed due to confusion over the minutiae of which graphic is supposed to be the selected button state vs.
the activated state. These are new concepts if you have come out of a DVD authoring background.
Bit rate budgeting
While the great capacity of Blu-ray Disc leads to fewer headaches over fitting your project onto a disc, it is
still important to plot out the size and bit rate of your assets.
AUTHORING WORKFLOW
17
Will your disc be replicated?
If so, AACS is mandatory. DoStudio Authoring prepares your disc for the AACS encapsulation process that
occurs at the replication plant, but the content owner will need to execute the AACS Provider Agreement in
advance. If you are not replicating your disc then you do not need to apply AACS. Please read our
wikipaper on AACS found on the our website for more details:
http://www.netblender.com/main/resources/wikipapers/aacs-for-independent-producers/
Graphics creation
Your menus rely heavily on graphic images, so you must create them before you begin the authoring
process. You always have the option of updating your graphics while you are in the middle of the authoring
process; however, the better prepared your graphics are at the beginning, the smoother your authoring
process will be.
If you have designed menu graphics for DVD, you will need to shift your designs conceptually from
thinking of the menu as an entire screen (720 x 480 at 72 dpi for DVD) to thinking of menus as comprised
of individual elements that can float over the video anywhere on the screen (1920 x 1080 at 72 dpi for Bluray Disc). So while the entire canvas for a Blu-ray Disc is quite large, your main menu may only take up 20
percent of the screen because it pops up over the video. Of course, the actual sizes of your menu elements
are up to you and more importantly the specific requirements of the Blu-ray Disc you are authoring.
DoStudio Authoring lets you import 32 bit PNGs (24 bit + 8 bit transparency) for individual menu elements
such as the background image for your menu blocks.
DoStudio Authoring lets you import an entire menu structure as a layered PSD file. This is by far the most
efficient way to design and import your menu graphics. When you use this method, you lay out your entire
menu structure in a program such as Adobe Photoshop, then name each layer according to the DoStudio
Authoring naming convention. When you import the PSD into DoStudio Authoring, each layer is assigned
to a menu element according to the naming convention. For details about importing a layered PSD file, see
"Importing menu graphics in Mosaic" on page 85.
Video and audio encoding
DoStudio Authoring supports all three video codecs that are supported by the Blu-ray Disc specification:
MPEG-2, SMPTE VC-1, and H.264/AVC. Your video must be encoded as a valid Blu-ray Disc-compliant
elementary stream for it to mux successfully.
DoStudio Authoring does not include an encoder. DoStudio Encoder includes a Blu-ray compliant MPEG-4
AVC encoder.
We have published a paper on our website that lists the current encoders that work with DoStudio
Authoring: http://www.netblender.com/main/resources/wikipapers/blu-ray-encoding/
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CHAPTER 3
The following video codecs are supported by the Blu-ray Disc specification:
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MPEG-2 is the venerable codec that we have worked with in standard DVD for over a decade. There
are many reliable MPEG-2 encoders that can output a compliant HD stream. The downside of
MPEG-2 is that it is not nearly as efficient as VC-1 or AVC, so it requires higher data rates (and
larger file sizes) to achieve similar quality results. Most of the initial Blu-ray Disc releases were
MPEG-2; however, very few new Blu-ray Disc titles use this codec.
SMPTE VC-1 is a new standard that is based on the Windows Media 9 codec from Microsoft. VC-1
is more efficient than MPEG-2 and can achieve high quality results in the 15 Mbps range.
MPEG-4 AVC is the newest of the three codecs and is the most advanced. It is also the favored
codec for Blu-ray Disc. AVC encoded streams can often achieve the same quality of MPEG-2 at one
half the data rate.
Subtitling
DoStudio Authoring supports graphics-based subtitles for Blu-ray Disc. The subtitle files are a series of 8-bit
PNGs with an accompanying XML file in .dost format. Several tools export .dost directly. For more
information, see "Subtitles" on page 59.
Authoring
After creating your graphics and encoding your video, you are ready to author your Blu-ray Disc. The
section "Working with DoStudio Authoring" on page 29 details the following authoring activities:
Disc setup
Disc setup involves specifying the BDCMF formatting requirements, disc and organization IDs, and other
details.
Menu creation
Professional Blu-ray Disc titles feature pop-up menus that can float over the video playing in the
background. In DoStudio Authoring, you import your menu element graphics and use actions to assign
navigation interactivity such as showing and hiding various menus and playback behaviors such as playing
or pausing a chapter.
Playlist setup
Setting up your Blu-ray Disc playlist is not unlike setting up your title and chapter structure for a DVD. Using
DoStudio Authoring, you import your primary video and audio elements and assign them to a title. If your
title has chapter points, you enter those as timecode numbers.
Compile your Blu-ray Disc
With your menus authored and your video structure organized in your playlist, you are now ready to
compile your Blu-ray Disc. The compile process is simple. You click the Compile Blu-ray Disc button and
DoStudio Authoring then writes out the HDMV and BD-J code that will comprise your final disc.
AUTHORING WORKFLOW
19
Emulation/testing
Blu-ray Discs involve greater interactive capabilities than DVD so it is more important than ever to test your
menus and playback behavior. We recommend testing your compiled Blu-ray Disc image in a computer
based software player such as Corel WinDVD or ArcSoft TotalMedia Theatre. WinDVD and TotalMedia
Theatre are fully compliant Blu-ray Disc players, so you can test your menus and video playback with
confidence. When you are satisfied with your disc, it is advisable to burn several test discs and test them in
several set-top Blu-ray Disc players.
Formatting
The final stage of the Blu-ray Disc authoring process is formatting. In DoStudio Authoring, you simply click
the Format Blu-ray Disc button to create the BDCMF image that Blu-ray Disc replicators require. Most disc
images are being shipped to replicators on hard drives (due to the size of the files) as of this printing;
however, it is advisable to discuss this with your replicator.
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CHAPTER 3
Chapter 4
The DoStudio Authoring workspace
DoStudio Authoring offers a flexible workspace environment that can be adapted to a single or multiscreen
setup.
The tabbed view
By default, DoStudio Authoring opens in a single screen tabbed view. You can adjust the size and location
of the tabbed spaces using drag-and-drop actions.
Floating workspace view
You can undock the tabs in the interface by double-clicking them. An undocked workspace element
appears as a resizable window that you can drag to the location and size of your choice. The floating
workspace is best for multidisplay settings.
You can dock the windows by dragging them over another window and releasing the mouse cursor over the
desired compass point.
THE DOSTUDIO AUTHORING WORKSPACE
21
Layouts
DoStudio Authoring lets you save your favorite window arrangements. We call these layouts. You can save
multiple layouts so if you have multiple authors using the same system, they can each save their own. To
save a layout, arrange the windows to your liking and choose Window > Save Layout. The Window menu
also lets you set a layout as the default arrangement, or you can reload the default DoStudio Authoring
tabbed arrangement.
Overview of the workspace
Navigating the workspace in either display mode is quite simple. The Menu Elements window and Playlist
window are tree view windows that display the organizational layout of your disc elements. You can
collapse and expand the nested items in the tree view by toggling the Expand and Collapse buttons next to
the element. When you want to add or delete any element from your project, you do so in one of these
windows. Likewise, if you want to select any element in your project for editing, you should select it in one
of these two windows.
The Layout Editor window and the Layout Preview window display the menus you have built. To view menu
elements in the Layout Editor and Layout Preview windows, select the check box next to the element in the
Menu Elements window. You can select menu elements and edit the layout of your menu elements by
dragging them in the Layout Editor. You can select menu elements in the Layout Preview window by
clicking them but you cannot move them.
The Control Panel displays the editable parameters for any item you have selected. The parameters are
always relevant to the selected item. For example, selecting a menu block in the Menu Elements window
displays the animation settings and other properties for the menu block in the Control Panel. Then when
you select a button in the Menu Elements window, the Control Panel displays the image settings, remote
control assignment, and other items specific to the button.
Let's look at each window in more detail. The screen shots will be presented in the floating workspace view,
but the same instructions apply when you are working with the windows in tabbed view.
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CHAPTER 4
Working with the Menu Elements window
The Menu Elements window is not available for DSA EX Edition projects. For more information, see
"Creating projects" on page 29.
When you start a new project, the Menu Elements window is empty. To add an element, right-click the
window to display a shortcut menu. The shortcut menu will vary depending on what elements you have
already added to your project, as well as what element you right-click or what element is selected when you
right-click in a blank part of the window. Right-clicking a blank space in the window will always give you
the available options for adding a menu block.
DoStudio Authoring is optimized for importing your menu elements from a layered PSD file. You can
add, edit, and delete individual menu items using the Menu Elements window in DoStudio Authoring,
but you will usually find that it is most efficient to create and edit your menu elements in a program
such as Adobe Photoshop and then import the PSD file into DoStudio Authoring.
The Menu Elements window also determines whether an element is visible in the Layout Editor. To turn on
visibility, select the check box to the left of the element's name. To turn off visibility, clear the check box to
the left of the element's name. Only one set can be visible at a time, so turning on a set's visibility will
automatically hide another set in the menu block that was already visible.
You can reorder the elements in the tree view using drag-and-drop actions. The top button in a set is
considered the default button. This is important because in a few instances, the default button will be
highlighted when a menu is displayed during playback.
To select an item for editing, click it once in the tree view. This will display the element's editable properties
in the Control Panel. It will also highlight the element in the Layout Editor if the element's visibility is on.
You will see that buttons contain nested elements for each of the corresponding remote control options:
Enter Key, Up Key, Down Key, Left Key, and Right Key. These are event elements. Select these elements to
add actions to your buttons. They also contain an element called On Show, which allows you to add actions
that occur any time the button appears on screen.
THE DOSTUDIO AUTHORING WORKSPACE
23
When you have added actions to an element, a small red circle with a number in it appears on the element's
icon. This is a visual indicator of how many actions are assigned to an element.
You can copy and paste actions that you have assigned to menu elements. For more information, see
"Assigning and removing actions" on page 103.
Automatically assigning remote control navigation to buttons
You can quickly assign the remote control navigation by right-clicking the set in the Menu Elements
window. Click Apply Vertical Navigation or Apply Horizontal Navigation depending on the visual
orientation of the buttons in the set. For more information, see "Menu element properties" on page 41.
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CHAPTER 4
Working with the Playlist window
The Playlist window displays a tree view outline of the video layout of your Blu-ray Disc™.
The Playlist tree defines the structure of the audio/video assets on your disc, as well as several setup items.
The Playlist tree is a series of nested trees. Click the small arrows to the left of the icons to expand a node to
see the nested elements. Right-click elements in the tree to add or remove items. To select an item to edit its
properties, click the item in the Playlist tree to display the item's editable properties in the Control Panel.
The audio/video assets are contained in the Audio Video Segments, Playlists, and Blu-ray Disc Titles nodes.
The Disc Information node contains setup information for your disc. For more information, see "Setting up
your project" on page 31.
THE DOSTUDIO AUTHORING WORKSPACE
25
Working with the Layout Editor window
The Layout Editor displays your menus and allows you to edit their location on screen. To move an item,
click the item with your mouse and drag it to the desired location. You will notice that when you select an
element in the Layout Editor that it also highlights the element in the Menu Elements window and its
editable properties are displayed in the Control Panel.
The Layout Editor is always displayed at 100 percent size (1920 x 1080 pixels). There is no zoom level
view. If you want to see your entire menu in the Layout Editor, it is recommended that you set up
DoStudio Authoring on a high-resolution, dual-monitor display configuration.
26
CHAPTER 4
Working with the Layout Preview window
The Layout Preview window is not available for DSA EX Edition projects. For more information, see
"Creating projects" on page 29.
The Layout Preview window displays a scalable view of the layout of your menu elements. The Layout
Preview window always displays the entire canvas of your layout (the full 1920x1080 frame) and scales it
to fit in the Layout Preview window.
You will notice that when you select an element in the Layout Preview that it also highlights in the Menu
Elements window and its editable properties appear in the Control Panel.
Working with the Control Panel
The Control Panel displays the editable properties for any item you select in the Menu Elements and Playlist
windows. The properties displayed in the Control Panel will change depending on which item is selected.
THE DOSTUDIO AUTHORING WORKSPACE
27
28
CHAPTER 4
Chapter 5
Working with DoStudio Authoring
Build a pop-up menu, set up your playlist, and compile and format a final Blu-ray Disc™ image ready for
replication.
Creating projects
The first step in authoring your Blu-ray Disc is creating a DoStudio Authoring project file (.dsAp).
Starting a new project
1. Choose File > New to start a new DoStudio Authoring project. You can also click the New Project
button on the toolbar or press Ctrl+N.
If you are using DoStudio Authoring Indie Edition, continue to step 3.
If you are using DoStudio Authoring EX Edition, the Project Setup dialog box is displayed.
2. Select your project type and click OK. The project type determines which menu features are available
in the DoStudio Authoring workspace.
n
DSA Indie Edition: Select this option if you want to create a Blu-ray Disc with BD-J menus.
n
DSA EX Edition: Select this option if you want to create a Blu-ray Disc with HDMV menus.
n
Mixed Mode (Indie + EX): Select this option if you want both menu type options available,
as in DoStudio Authoring 2.3 and earlier.
3. Browse to the location where you want to save your project.
4. Type a name for the project in the File name box and click Save to create the project and save it.
Now you can start authoring your Blu-ray Disc.
WORKING WITH DOSTUDIO AUTHORING
29
Changing your project type
You can change your project type at any time. To do so, click the Change Project Type button in the
toolbar or click Change Project Type on the Window menu to display the Project Setup dialog box. Select
your project type and click OK.
Saving and exporting projects
Choose File > Save to save changes to the current DoStudio Authoring project. You can also click the Save
button on the toolbar or press Ctrl+S to save your project.
Exporting a copy of your project
Choose File > Export Project > Save to Folder to save the current project to a different location or with a
new name.
Exporting your project to a .zip file
Choose File > Export Project > Save to ZIP to create a .zip file of your project. You can use this file to
transfer your project to another computer. Simply unzip the .zip file and open the project file in DoStudio
Authoring.
Files included in .zip
30
Files not included in .zip
n
Menu file (.doml)
n
Audio files
n
Playlist file (.dopl)
n
Video files
n
Movie Object file (.domo)
n
Subtitle files
n
BD-ROM file (.dobl)
n
Subtitle images
n
Configuration file (.docf)
n
Project file (.dsAp)
n
IG project files (.dlies)
n
PES menu files (.pes)
n
All images used in the menu
n
Loading screen image
n
Sound effect file
CHAPTER 5
Setting up your project
This section describes the basic settings for your Blu-ray Disc project. While all of these settings are
appropriately called "setup," it does not mean that all of these settings need to be completed as the first
step in the authoring process. Many of these settings can be edited at any point in the authoring process
prior to formatting your final disc image.
This section will guide you through each setup window and describe the editable parameters for each
window.
Asset management
It is advisable that you set up a folder on your computer called DSA Projects and create a folder for each
Blu-ray Disc project within the DSA Projects folder. All of your project assets must be contained in the
project directory. For organizational purposes, we suggest that you create subfolders for images,
audio/video assets, and subtitles. A sample directory structure would look like this:
During the authoring process, DoStudio Authoring will create a folder in the project's root folder called
projectname.content and when you compile your project DoStudio Authoring will create a folder called
projectname.BD that contains the compiled disc image.
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31
Disc Information
To edit your disc information, click the Disc Information button in the toolbar, or click the Disc
Information node at the top of the Playlist tree.
The editable properties are displayed in the Control Panel.
Properties tab
Item
Disc ID
Description
The Disc ID is a unique identifier for each Blu-ray Disc title. A default
value is entered when you start a new project. Click the Gen button to
generate a new Disc ID when you start a new project, or at any time
before replicating your disc.
The Disc ID is not your ISAN code, if you have chosen to apply for
one. For more information on ISAN codes, please see the "AACS for
Independent Producers" wikipaper:
http://www.netblender.com/main/resources/wikipapers/aacs-forindependent-producers/.
This item is not available for DSA EX Edition projects. For more
information, see "Creating projects" on page 29.
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CHAPTER 5
Item
Multiplex Audio/Video
Description
Select Yes if you want to multiplex audio, video, and subtitles when
you compile your Blu-ray Disc. You must select Yes the first time you
compile your project.
Select No if you want to compile only your BD-J code and reuse a
previous mux. For more information, see "Compiling your Blu-ray
Disc" on page 63.
Organization Number
The organization number is a unique ID that represents the studio
creating the disc. The organization ID that is chosen should be used
on every disc created by that studio. The organization ID is a number
between 2147418113 and 2147483647. This number is required by
the Blu-ray Disc specification. The number is not managed by any
central agency at this time; it is simply up to you to pick a number at
random and use the same number for all of your projects.
This item is not available for DSA EX Edition projects. For more
information, see "Creating projects" on page 29.
Application Number
The application number is the ID for the particular title being
authored. It is a number between 16384 and 32767. It is a good idea
to generate numbers for your projects in some logical order. This
number is different from your Disc ID number and is required by the
Blu-ray Disc specification.
This item is not available for DSA EX Edition projects. For more
information, see "Creating projects" on page 29.
Disc Output Folder
Choose the folder where your compiled Blu-ray Disc resides by
clicking the Browse button. DoStudio Authoring writes the compiled
image to a folder called projectname.BD in the project's root folder.
Choosing the right output folder is very important for your disc to be
replicated without errors.
n
n
n
Make sure the hard drive you are formatting to has at least
100 GB of space for a BD-50 and 50 GB of space for a BD25.
It is highly recommended that you choose a folder that does
not have any files or folders in it.
The hard drive you are using for your output folder must be a
Windows NTFS drive.
WORKING WITH DOSTUDIO AUTHORING
33
BDCMF tab
You do not need to complete the BDCMF tab when you begin your project. Instead, you can complete the
information prior to formatting your final disc image for replication. If your project will not be sent to a
replicator, you do not need to complete this tab at all.
BDCMF is the mastering format that replicators use to create Blu-ray Disc metal masters. DoStudio
Authoring formats your final Blu-ray Disc image in the industry standard BDCMF 1.02 format used by
replicators.
Item
Description
Output Folder
Choose the folder where your cutting master files will be stored by
clicking the Select button.
Disc Label
Type the name of the disc in the Disc Label box.
Master Id
The Master Id and Version are optional boxes and do not have to
conform to a specific format. If you are authoring for a larger
facility, they may supply you data for these fields. If you are an
independent production facility, it is up to you whether to make use
of them.
Version
Copyright Notice
Owner Notice
Location
Facility
Operator
34
CHAPTER 5
Type the name of the copyright holder in the Copyright Notice box
and the name of the content owner in the Owner Notice box. As you
would expect, these are often the same organizations.
Type the location, name of the authoring facility, and the operator
names in the respective boxes. These boxes are optional.
Item
Region A
Description
Select if the disc should be playable in the three regions specified in
the Blu-ray Disc specification. The options are Allowed (disc plays in
that region), Prohibited (disc will not play in that region), and Not_
Applicable (region free).
n
Region B
n
Region C
n
Region A includes the Americas, East and Southeast Asia, U.S.
territories, and Bermuda.
Region B includes Africa, Europe, Oceania, the Middle East,
the Kingdom of the Netherlands, British overseas territories,
French territories, and Greenland.
Region C includes Central and South Asia, Mongolia, Russia,
and the People's Republic of China.
These items are not available for DSA EX Edition projects. For
more information, see "Creating projects" on page 29.
BCA Enabled
Select this check box if you want the ISAN number printed in the
Burst Cutting Area (BCA) of the Blu-ray Disc. This setting applies only
if you are using Managed Copy.
Invalid Region JPEG
If you plan to restrict one or more regions from playing the disc,
you'll need to create an invalid region JPEG image. The purpose of
this image is to inform the viewer of the disc that his or her Blu-ray
Disc player cannot play this title because it is not in the correct
region. You can make this image to be anything you'd like. The only
requirements are that the image is 1920 x 1080 and it is a JPEG
image.
This item is not available for DSA EX Edition projects. For more
information, see "Creating projects" on page 29.
WORKING WITH DOSTUDIO AUTHORING
35
Item
ISAN Number
Managed Copy URL
Description
AACS Managed Copy allows the viewer to move content from the
Blu-ray Disc to his or her computer, server, or a mobile device. The
digital rights management of this content is handled via the Internet,
so an AACS protected disc contains a link to a specific Managed
Copy server. The Blu-ray Disc can also provide links to additional or
related content via this link.
If you want to implement Managed Copy, you must enter a valid
URL for the managed copy authentication server. Because the
requirements for a managed copy server are not yet published by the
AACS LA, many studios are entering URLs that will redirect to a
managed copy server at some point in the future. NetBlender offers a
managed copy solution that will meet the AACS LA requirements.
Please visit the NetBlender website for more details.
In July 2010, the AACS LA declared that ISAN codes are optional for
Blu-ray Discs; however, you will need one if you plan to implement
managed copy.
Details on obtaining an ISAN number can be found here:
http://www.netblender.com/main/resources/wikipapers/aacs-forindependent-producers/
Files and Groups tab
Button
Import Audio
Description
To add audio files such as button sound effects to your menus you
must first import the files into your project. Click the Import Audio
button and browse to an audio file. DoStudio Authoring can import
uncompressed .wav files and LPCM .wav files.
The Blu-ray Disc specification limits the total size of the
included audio files to 4 MB.
Remove
Select an audio file in the list and click the Remove button to remove
the file from your project.
Audio File Source
The Audio File Source box displays the file path and name of the
selected audio file. Click the Browse button to choose a different file.
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CHAPTER 5
Button
New
Description
Click the New button to add a Sticky Button Group to your project.
Sticky Buttons Groups are a feature unique to DoStudio Authoring.
Sticky Button Groups are used for buttons that need to retain their
setting when the menu is hidden. A practical example of a sticky
button would be a language setting button. If the viewer selects
French as the preferred audio track, he or she will expect to see that
button still selected when they use the menu again. Buttons that are
not assigned to a Sticky Button Group return to their normal state
when the menu is hidden. For more information, see "Button
properties" on page 43.
You can create as many Sticky Button Groups as you choose, but in
real-world terms your project will only require a few such as Audio
Settings, Subtitles Settings, and Chapter Selection.
Sticky Button Groups work in conjunction with the "Associate this
button with…" actions that you apply to the On Show event of a
button. For more information, see "Button association actions" on
page 105.
Sticky Button Groups are not available for DSA EX Edition
projects. For more information, see "Creating projects" on page
29.
Remove
Select a Sticky Button Group in the list and click the Remove button
to remove it from your project.
Advanced Parameter Tab
The Advanced Parameter tab displays a list of Advanced Parameters (APRMs) that you have created for
your project. In this window, you can add and remove APRMs using the New and Remove buttons.
This tab is not available for DSA EX Edition projects. For more information, see "Creating projects" on
page 29.
For more information about APRMs, see "Advanced authoring" on page 131.
WORKING WITH DOSTUDIO AUTHORING
37
Validation window
The Validation window allows you to check for errors before you compile your project. The validation
process is identical to the process that is run when you click Compile or Quick Compile.
Validation performs an image buffer verification that checks the size of your menu graphics and displays
the total amount of the Image Buffer that your project is using. If you have exceeded the 32.5 MB allowed
by DoStudio Authoring, you will receive a warning.
Validation also checks for errors that will occur due to missing assets in your project or actions that
reference missing or erroneous project elements. For example, if you have added a Show Submenu Action
that references a menu element that has been deleted, the validation will notify you of the error. Likewise, if
a video or audio asset has been moved or deleted, the validation will notify you that the asset's path in the
playlist is erroneous and must be fixed.
Finally, the validation process checks for errors in your movie object commands. For more information, see
"Using the Movie Object Editor" on page 142.
Language node
The Blu-ray Disc specification allows you to define different language settings for your disc's name, the
name of each title and chapter in your disc, and an onscreen display icon. Currently, only the Sony
PlayStation®3 supports the onscreen display icon, but other players will likely support this in the future. No
players currently support the display of the title and chapter names in multiple languages, but this will likely
be supported as the Blu-ray Disc format matures.
This version of DoStudio Authoring allows you to set one language setting.
38
CHAPTER 5
To edit the language settings, expand the Disc Information node in the Playlist tree and select the language
node. The language properties are displayed in the Control Panel.
Item
Description
Disc Title Name
The Disc Title Name is the same as the name you have designated in
Disc Information.
Language
You can select the language from the list in the combo box.
Total Number Of Discs
In Set
These Total Number Of Discs In Set and This Disc Number In Set
boxes are optional.
This Disc Number In
Set
Copyright
The Copyright box should be completed with the name of the
copyright holder.
Small Image (JPG)
The Small Image and Large Image boxes are optional. They allow
you to specify a disc icon image for use with onscreen displays on
Blu-ray Disc players. Currently, only the Sony PlayStation®3 supports
the use of this image. The images must be in JPEG format (.jpg) in
the appropriate pixel sizes. The small image is 416 x 240 and the
large image is 640 x 360.
Large Image (JPG)
WORKING WITH DOSTUDIO AUTHORING
39
BD-ROM node
In some cases you might want to include additional computer files on your Blu-ray Disc. DVD authors
understand this concept as adding "ROM" material to a DVD. There is no official term for this in the Blu-ray
Disc specification; however, you are allowed to add folders and files to your disc. You can include any type
of computer file.
To do this, expand the BD-ROM node in the Playlist tree. You will see that three folders already exist: BDMV,
AACS, and CERTIFICATE. These folders make up a standard Blu-ray Disc that plays video.
To add an additional file to the root of your disc, right-click the BD-ROM node in the Playlist tree and click
Add File. Browse to the file on your computer (it can be located anywhere on your workstation) and click
Ok. You will now see the file listed in the tree.
To add an additional folder to your disc, right click on the BD-ROM node in the Playlist tree and click Add
Folder. You will now see the folder listed in the tree.
You can rename the folder by typing a new name in the Control Panel or by selecting the folder in the tree
and pressing F2. You can add files to a folder by right-clicking the folder and clicking Add File.
40
CHAPTER 5
Menu element properties
After you have imported your menu graphics, you can fine tune their location on screen using the Control
Panel.
For more information about importing menu graphics, see "Importing menu graphics in Mosaic" on page
85.
Menu block properties
To view a menu block's properties in the Control Panel, select the menu block in the Menu Elements tree.
Item
Description
Editing Element
Type a new name in the Editing Element box to rename the menu
block.
Background
Click the Browse button to select a background image for the menu
block.
Make Background
Transparent
Select the Make Background Transparent check box if you want the
menu block to have a transparent background.
Top and Left
You can reposition a menu block by typing new values in the Top and
Left boxes. In most cases, you will not need to do this because you
can determine the precise location of the menu blocks when
designing your Photoshop file. There are instances when dealing with
odd-shaped menu blocks, or other menu blocks whose background
image does not fill the entire menu block area, where the ability to
make fine adjustments to its position is required.
Note regarding the placement and animation of multiple menu
blocks:
You are allowed to create multiple menu blocks in your project.
A practical example of this would be to have one menu block
for chapter selection, another for special features, and perhaps
a third for disc setup options. Visually, it is often desirable to
position the menu blocks to appear in the same area of the
screen and animate on and off.
When authoring a project that involves multiple menu blocks
WORKING WITH DOSTUDIO AUTHORING
41
Item
Description
that appear in the same part of the screen, the responsibility is
on you, the author, to author your animation actions in such a
way that the menu blocks never overlap on screen at the same
time. For example, if one button on your Main Menu displays
the menu block that shows the chapter selection, and another
button on the Main Menu displays the menu block that contains
the special features, you must be sure that the chapter selection
is always hidden before the viewer can select the special
features and vice versa. If you allow both menu blocks to
appear in the same location on screen at the same time this can
cause erratic playback behavior such as one menu block erasing
part of the menu block that it overlaps.
Width and Height
If you are using a background image, the width and height of the
menu block are determined by the image and cannot be edited in the
Control Panel.
If you selected the Make Background Transparent check box, you
can change the size of the menu block by typing new values in the
Width and Height boxes.
On Show and On Hide events for menu blocks
Under each menu block in your tree, you will see two icons: On Show and On Hide. These are a special type
of event to which you can assign actions. The On Show event executes the actions assigned to it any time
the menu block appears on screen. Conversely, the On Hide event executes every time the menu block is
hidden.
Animation actions can be assigned to the On Show and On Hide events that animate the menu block on
and off screen. For more information, see "Animation actions" on page 129.
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CHAPTER 5
Set properties
Often, you will design a menu that requires more buttons than you can reasonably fit onscreen at one time.
A practical example of this would be a chapter selection menu in which you have 25 chapters to choose
from. While you could place all 25 chapter icons in your menu block, it might be desirable to break them
into smaller groups and display the groups individually. This is what sets are designed to do.
A good way to think of sets is as layers of your menu block that are stacked on top of each other. Each set
contains its own set of buttons and each set can contain its own background image or it can be
transparent. Only one set can be visible at a time.
By default, every menu block has one set. Your menu blocks can have an unlimited number of sets.
To view a set's properties in the Control Panel, select the set in the Menu Elements tree.
As you can see in the screen shot above, the properties for a set are similar to the properties for a menu
block. If the set has its own background image, it is reflected in the Properties tab. As with menu blocks,
you can update the image using the Browse button.
If the set is transparent, the Make Background Transparent check box will be selected. When a set is
transparent, the background image of the menu block will be visible. If the menu block is also transparent,
then the buttons contained in the set will appear to float directly over the video.
The position and size of a set are determined by the position and size of the menu block. If you change the
background image and it is not the same size as the menu block and set, you will be prompted that
selecting the new image will change the size of the menu block.
Button properties
In Blu-ray Disc authoring, unlike with DVD, button images are comprised of three images corresponding to
three states that buttons can have: normal, selected, and activated. When you import a layered Photoshop
file, Mosaic creates a separate PNG file for each of the button states. For more information, see "Importing
menu graphics in Mosaic" on page 85.
To view a button's properties in the Control Panel, select the button in the Menu Elements tree.
WORKING WITH DOSTUDIO AUTHORING
43
Button Properties tab
Item
Description
Editing Element
Type a new name in the Editing Element box to rename the button.
Normal
Click the Browse button to select an image file for the normal state
of the button.
Click the Delete button
state of the button.
to remove the image file for the normal
Your button must have a graphic for at least one of the states.
Most buttons have at least a normal state and a selected state.
If you leave the selected and activated states empty, then your
button will be displayed in the normal state regardless of
whether it receives focus or not. This saves space in your image
buffer. You are allowed to leave the normal state empty and
only have a graphic for the selected and activated states.
Selected
Click the Browse button to select an image file for the selected state
of the button.
Click the Delete button
state of the button.
Activated
to remove the image file for the selected
Click the Browse button to select an image file for the activated state
of the button.
Click the Delete button
to remove the image file for the
activated state of the button.
Top and Left
You can reposition a button by typing new pixel values in the Top
and Left boxes. In most cases, you will not need to do this because
you can determine the precise location of the buttons when
designing your Photoshop file.
Width and Height
The size of a button is determined by the size of the largest image
used for the button states.
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CHAPTER 5
Item
Description
The button state images do not need to be the same size.
DoStudio Authoring will take the largest image and make that
the size of the button. Smaller images will be centered in the
button area.
You should position your buttons so that they do not overlap
each other. Overlapping the buttons will cause the menu
buttons to appear cut off.
Sticky Group
Select a Sticky Button Group to assign to this button. Sticky Button
Groups are created on the Files and Groups tab in Disc Information
Control Panel. For more information, see "Files and Groups tab" on
page 36.
Remote Control tab
You must assign the remote control navigation properties for each button in your menu. You do this in the
Remote Control tab.
Using the lists for each of the directional arrows, select which button should be highlighted when the viewer
clicks the directional arrow. The lists include all buttons in your project. If you want to delete remote control
navigation from an arrow button, simply select the blank setting at the top of the list.
Automatically assigning remote control navigation
You can quickly assign remote control navigation by right-clicking the set in the Menu Elements window
clicking Apply Vertical Navigation or Apply Horizontal Navigation depending on the visual orientation of
the buttons in the set. DoStudio Authoring will automatically assign the remote control navigation based on
the order of the buttons in the set according to your selection. In other words, you must arrange your
buttons in the Menu Elements tree in the same order that they appear onscreen in order for the automatic
remote control assignment to work.
Apply Vertical Navigation assigns remote control commands to the up and down buttons, while Apply
Horizontal Navigation assigns remote control commands to the left and right buttons. The assignment is
based on the order of the buttons in the Menu Elements tree, not on the actual visual layout of the buttons
onscreen. It is acceptable to apply both vertical and horizontal navigation to the buttons if you so desire.
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Assigning actions to buttons
To assign an action to a button, expand the button view by clicking the arrow next to the button in the
Menu Elements tree. This expands the tree to display the Enter Key, Up Key, Down Key, Left Key, Right Key
and On Show event for the button you have selected.
To assign an action to a button, you must assign the action directly to the desired key in the tree. When you
select one of the keys, the actions window appears in the Control Panel. For more information, see "Using
actions" on page 103.
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The On Show event for buttons
The On Show event allows you to assign an action that will execute any time the button appears on screen.
In most cases, you will apply one of the "Associate this button with…" actions to the On Show event.
The "Associate this button with…" actions cause the display behavior of the button to vary depending on
what audio track, subtitle track, or chapter is currently playing. This allows you to easily add "smart
selections" to your menus without having to set a lot of conditions.
For more information, see "Button association actions" on page 105.
Setting up your playlist
This section describes the process for setting up the video playback organization of your Blu-ray Disc, which
is contained in the Playlist tree. Setting up your Playlist tree involves creating audio/video segments and
adding your elementary video, audio, and subtitle streams; creating playlists; adding chapters to path items
in your playlists; editing the user operations for each playlist; and setting up the loading screen and the
arrangement of your playlists in your title. If you are using the optional 3D or BDJO features of DoStudio
Authoring, you will set up those features in the Playlist tree as well.
The Playlist Tree is displayed as an expandable tree menu. The Playlist contains the following elements:
Disc Information, BD-ROM, Audio/Video Segments, Playlists, and Blu-ray Disc Titles.
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For more information about the Disc Information and BD-ROM nodes, see "Setting up your project" on
page 31.
When you start a new project, the Playlist tree contains one empty 2D audio/video segment and the
DoStudio BD-J Menu title.
Overview of the DoStudio Authoring Blu-ray Disc playlist structure
It is useful to examine the playlist structure from a high level before diving into the details. The DoStudio
Authoring Blu-ray Disc Playlist structure is comprised of three types of elements: audio/video Segments,
playlists, and titles.
Audio/video segments
Segments are your actual video elementary streams. If you have audio and subtitles, they are associated
with the video streams in the segment. To create a slideshow, you add a series of still images to create a
slideshow segment.
You must add your elementary streams as segments in your project before you can author how they should
play back on your disc. Your segments are reusable in your project, so you can add them to multiple
playlists without taking up any extra space on the disc. No matter how many times you add a segment to a
playlist in your project, it is only multiplexed once.
For more information, see "Audio/video segments" on page 71.
Playlists
Playlists define how your video will play on your Blu-ray Disc, and how your video will interact with your
menus. You add one or more segments to a playlist (they are called path items once they are added to a
playlist), add chapters to the path items, control user operations during playback, and add actions. Most of
your authoring in the Playlist tree is directed to the playlists.
You can add up to 999 playlists to your project. You can add your segments to different playlists as many
times as you want. They are essentially text files that take up very little space on your Blu-ray Disc, so you
can use them freely to create randomized playback, Play All features, and more.
For more information, see "Playlists" on page 49.
Blu-ray Disc titles
Blu-ray Disc Titles are the parent element for your playlists. Your DoStudio Authoring project starts with one
title called DoStudio BD-J Menu. You will define the disc startup procedure for the DoStudio BD-J Menu title
by placing playlists in the title and determining the location of the BD-J loading screen. You can add more
titles only if you have purchased DoStudio Authoring EX Edition.
For more information, see "Blu-ray Disc titles" on page 57.
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Playlists
Playlists are the heart of the Playlist tree. Your project starts out with no playlists, so let's begin by adding
some. There are two methods for creating playlists.
Creating playlists with drag-and-drop
1. Right-click Playlists in the Playlist tree, and then click Add Playlist.
2. Select the new playlist to display its timeline in the Control Panel.
3. Drag segments from the Playlist tree to the timeline to add segments to the playlist.
Creating playlists from segments
Right-click a segment in the Playlist tree, and then click Create Playlist from Segment. A new playlist
containing the segment is added to the Playlists folder.
Adding segments to existing playlists
Right-click a segment in the Playlist tree, click Add Segment to Playlist, and then click the name of the
playlist to which you want to add the segment. The segment is added to the end of the playlist.
Playlist properties
Select a playlist in the Playlist tree to displays its properties in the Control Panel.
Item
Description
Name
Rename the playlist by typing a new name in the Name box.
Number
Each playlist must have a unique number. DoStudio Authoring gives
your first playlist the number 1000 and each new playlist increments
by one integer (1001, 1002, 1003, etc.) We recommend not changing
these numbers unless you are creating custom BD-J applications with
the BDJO module.
On End Play
Use the On End Play list to select the playlist to play next.
Notes:
n
If you add a Play Playlist action to the End event of the
playlist, the Play Playlist action will take priority over the
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Item
Description
On End Play event and the On End Play event will not
execute.
n
The On End Play setting is not available for DSA EX
Edition projects. For more information, see "Creating
projects" on page 29.
Bypass Lossless Audio
Select the Bypass Lossless Audio check box to give priority to lossless
audio tracks (DTS-MA, Dolby TrueHD, LPCM) if the Blu-ray Disc
player can play the lossless audio.
Interactive Audio
Mixing
Select the Interactive Audio Mixing check box to mix button sound
effects with the segment's primary and secondary DTS and/or Dolby
audio tracks when you multiplex your disc. We recommend keeping
this check box selected.
The playlist timeline
When you add segments to a playlist, they are displayed in a timeline view. The visual order of the
segments from left to right determines the playback order of the segments in the timeline. In many cases
you will have only one segment per playlist.
To delete a segment from a playlist, click the black X in the upper-left corner of the segment. To reorder the
segments in a playlist, click the top of the segment icon and drag it to a new location.
Seamless and nonseamless connections
When you add more than one segment to a playlist, you can join them seamlessly so that the disc will play
smoothly from one segment to the next without dropping to a black screen. To make a seamless
connection, click the red connection indicator to toggle it to green.
Simply choosing to make a seamless connection does not guarantee that the connection will play without
dropping to black. Whether your connection will play as a seamless connection depends upon a number of
factors.
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CHAPTER 5
Here are the requirements for a seamless connection:
n
n
Segment audio must be exactly the same duration as the video
The bit rate of the connecting video segments must be within 5 Mbps of each other at the time of
the connection
Playlist Start and End event
The Start and End events are not available for DSA EX Edition projects. For more information, see
"Creating projects" on page 29.
Each playlist has a Start and End event in the Playlist tree.
Select these elements to assign an action that will occur at the start or end of the playlist's playback. When
you select these elements in the Playlist tree, the Action List appears in the Control Panel.
A practical example of a playlist start action would be to assign the Show Menu Block action to the
beginning of a playlist that will be the video loop that appears when the disc plays.
Actions that are assigned to the Start event of a playlist will execute any time the playlist is played, whether
or not the playlist is played from the beginning. For example, if you jump directly to a chapter that occurs
five minutes into the playlist, the Start event actions will still execute.
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Also, it is important to note that any Title Playback action that is assigned to the End event of a playlist will
override the On End Play event that is defined in the playlist properties. For example, if you add a Play
Chapter action to the End event for a playlist, the Play Chapter action will take priority over the On End Play
event for the playlist.
Disabling user operations
Each playlist has its own settings for disabling certain remote control buttons. Select a check box to disable
the user operation.
The basic user operations that can be disabled are Play, Pause, Fast Forward, Rewind, Next Chapter,
Previous Chapter, Pop Up Menu, Primary Audio Stream #, Subtitle Language, and Subtitle Stream #.
If you have purchased the BDJO module, you can override additional advanced user operations: Resume,
Move Down, Time Search, Secondary Video #, Stop, Move Left, PIP Subtitle Language, Select/Activate
Button, Activate Button, Move Right, Popup Off, Secondary Audio Enabled, Angle Number Change, Move
Up, Popup On, Secondary Audio Stream #, Chapter Search, Select Button, Still Off, and Secondary Video
Enabled.
The User Operations has a list of buttons in the Playlist tree. You can assign actions to any of these buttons.
Selecting any of these button elements in the Playlist tree displays the Action List window in the Control
Panel.
You cannot assign actions to remote control buttons in a DSA EX Edition project. For more
information, see "Creating projects" on page 29.
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Remember that remote control button actions are specific to each playlist. For example, if you want a
certain action to occur any time the viewer presses the red button on the remote control, you must assign
the action to the red button in each playlist.
The buttons execute their normal behavior in addition to the actions you add to them unless you have
disabled them in the user operations settings.
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Path items
When you add a segment to a playlist it becomes a path item. You can see the path items nested in the tree
under each playlist.
Adding chapters to path items
Chapters are defined as a timecode start point within a path item. To add a chapter to a path item, expand
the Playlist tree to see the chapters icon. Right-click Chapters, and then click Add Chapter. A new chapter is
added to the path item.
Select the chapter to edit set its timecode value in the Control Panel. You must enter the timecode value for
the chapter start in the form hours:minutes:seconds:frames. The first chapter in a title will most likely have
the timecode value 00:00:00:00.
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Each new chapter is named sequentially as Chapter 1, Chapter 2, and so on. You can, of course, rename a
chapter by typing a new name in the Name box in the Control Panel.
A path item can have up to 999 chapters. By default each path item has one chapter at timecode
00:00:00:00.
Importing chapters from a Sony Vegas Pro XML file
You can import chapter markers created in a Sony Vegas Pro project into your DoStudio Authoring playlist.
For more information about exporting your chapter markers from Vegas Pro to an XML file, see "Exporting
chapter markers from Vegas Pro" on page 164.
1. Right-click the Chapters element in your title, and then click Import Chapters from Vegas XML File.
2. Browse to your XML file from Vegas Pro and click Open.
The chapter markers exported from Vegas Pro appear in the chapters list for the title.
Importing chapters from a Final Cut Pro XML file
You can import chapter markers created in a Final Cut Pro project into your DoStudio Authoring playlist. For
more information about exporting your chapter markers from Final Cut Pro, see "Exporting chapter markers
from Final Cut Pro" on page 165.
1. Right-click the Chapters element in your title, and then click Import Chapters from FCP.
2. Browse to your XML file from Final Cut Pro and click Open.
The chapter markers exported from Final Cut Pro appear in the chapters list for the title.
Importing and exporting chapters from a text file
You can import and export your chapters list from a simple text file. The text file should be formatted with
one chapter entry per line. No header information is required. DoStudio Authoring will determine the frame
rate from the video segment setting. The chapters should be formatted in non-drop format: HH:MM:SS:FF
starting at 00:00:00:00.
Your text file should look like this:
00:00:00:00
00:03:10:12
00:14:03:06
00:20:06:00
Right-click the Chapters icon and choose Import Chapters from Text File. Your chapters will be named
Chapter 1, Chapter 2 and so on. You can rename the chapters in the Control Panel after you have imported
them.
To export your chapter list, simply right-click the Chapters icon for the Path Item and choose Export
Chapters to Text File. This will create a .txt file.
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Copying and pasting chapters
DoStudio Authoring allows you to copy and paste a chapter list from one path item to another. This is
useful if you are reusing a segment in multiple playlists.
1. Right-click Chapters for the source path item, and then click Copy Chapter List.
2. Right-click Chapters for the target path item, and then click Paste Chapters List.
Chapter Start action
Chapters have a Start element in the Playlist tree view.
Select the Start element to assign an action that will occur at the start of a chapter's playback. When you
select these elements in the Playlist tree, the Action List appears in the Control Panel. For more information,
see "Using actions" on page 103.
There is no option for a chapter End action because the end of a chapter is inherently either the start of the
next chapter or the end of the playlist.
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Blu-ray Disc titles
By default, your DoStudio Authoring project contains one Blu-ray Disc title called the DoStudio BD-J Menu.
All of your playlists are housed in this title so that your menu can be active across all of the video in your
project.
If you have purchased the BDJO module you can create additional Blu-ray Disc titles and add custom BD-J
applications to those titles.
Configuring the loading screen
This feature is not available for DSA EX Edition projects. For more information, see "Creating projects"
on page 29.
You can choose what is displayed while the Blu-ray Disc player loads your BD-J menu. Depending on the
profile, age, and general speed of the Blu-ray Disc player, this loading time can be very brief (1 second) or
longer (upwards of 40 seconds).
Select the Blu-ray Disc Titles folder in the Playlist tree, and then select the Loading Screen tab in the Control
Panel to configure the loading screen options.
Item
Loading Screen
Image File
Description
Select the type of loading screen for your Blu-ray Disc:
n
Back and Forth Animated Image
n
Blank Black Screen
n
Static Image
If you selected Back and Forth Animated Image or Static Image,
click the Browse button and choose your image file.
We recommend choosing a very small image for the Back and
Forth Animated Image option.
Background Color
If your image file is not 1920 x 1080, click the Browse button to
choose a background color for your loading screen.
Top Position
Set the location of the image on screen by typing values in the Top
Position and Left Position boxes.
Left Position
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Specifying the First Play and Top Menu titles
The Blu-ray Title Setup tab includes some important disc startup information. Most of this information is
relevant only if you are using the 3D module or the BDJO module.
Item
Description
First Play Title
This determines which title plays when the disc is inserted in a player.
Unless you have added a new Blu-ray Disc title (DoStudio Authoring
EX Edition only), this will always be the DoStudio BD-J Menu title.
Top Menu Title
This determines what is displayed when the viewer presses the Top
Menu button on the remote control.
This setting is not available for DSA Indie Edition projects. For
more information, see "Creating projects" on page 29.
BD 3D Initial Frame
Rate
BD 3D Initial
Resolution
This should match the frame rate of your video. The three options for
BD3D are:
n
23.98 (your video must be 1920 x 1080)
n
50 (your video must be 1280 x 720)
n
59.94 (your video must be 1280 x 720)
This should match the frame resolution of your video. The two
options for BD3D are:
n
1920 x 1080 (your frame rate must be 23.98)
n
1280 x 720 (your frame rate can be either 50 or 59.94)
BD 3D Initial Display
Mode
In most cases, if you are making a BD3D, you will want the start up
mode to be 3D. If this is set to 2D, your 3D video will display in 2D.
Number
Enter a number to change the folder number and JAR file number.
This number must be five digits.
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CHAPTER 5
Subtitles
The Blu-ray Disc specification allows for two types of subtitles: image based and text based. DoStudio
Authoring supports image-based subtitles.
DoStudio Authoring does not include a built-in subtitling application, so you must create your subtitle files
separately and import them into your project. This section will describe the required format for subtitle files,
recommended tools for creating subtitle files, and how to import them to your project.
The .dost subtitle format
DoStudio Authoring imports image-based subtitles and multiplexes them with your audio/video assets
when you compile your project. The details of the subtitle format are quite simple, yet as any professional
DVD author knows all too well, the task of successfully creating subtitles can be rather tedious.
DoStudio Authoring subtitles are comprised of a series of 8-bit .png files governed by a simple XML script.
The XML script has the file extension .dost. The 8-bit.png files can be sized at 1920 x 1080 pixels, which is
the full size of the HD Blu-ray Disc canvas or they can be smaller than the screen size and positioned using
the XML. An author could create these images manually using the "Save for Web" feature in Photoshop
(select PNG-8 128 dithered (indexed color)); however, there are far more efficient ways to accomplish this
that will be detailed shortly.
The timecode in the .dost file must match the timecode of the title in DoStudio Authoring in order for the
subtitles to display properly. A title's timecode always starts at 00:00:00:00.
The format for the .dost file is as follows:
Header information
The first three entries in the header must have the following values:
$FORMAT=480
$VERSION=1.2
$ULEAD=TRUE
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The only value that can change is the $DROP value. Here are the possible values:
$DROP=30000 (30 fps)
$DROP=29970 (29.97 fps)
$DROP=25000 (PAL frame rate)
$DROP=24000 (24p frame rate)
$DROP=23976 (23.98 fps)
$DROP=59940 (59.94 fps)
Body information
The NO column tells us the subtitle entry number is 001.
The In Time of the subtitle is 00:40:45:05.
The Out Time of the subtitle is 00:40:49:03.
The top X position of the subtitle image is 0 pixels.
The top Y position of the subtitle image is 0 pixels.
The image name is for this subtitle entry is fr_0001.png.
The image does not fade in because the Fade In value is 0.
The image does not fade out because the Fade Out value is 0.
Requirements
Currently the Fade In and Fade Out are not supported and must be zero.
The .png file must be 8-bit color depth.
The INTIME and OUTTIME match the frame rate in the header information.
Subtitling tools
Several tools now support export to .dost natively. As of this writing, Z Depth 2.1, TitleFactory 4.0, Lemony
Pro, Subtitle Workshop 4, and Annotation Edit (Mac) support the .dost file format.
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CHAPTER 5
Adding subtitle tracks to your playlist
After you have created your subtitle files as described above, you need to add them to your project.
Subtitles are added to the Primary Audio/Video element in the Playlist tree.
1. To add a subtitle track, right-click the Primary Audio/Video element in the Playlist tree and choose
Add Subtitle from the shortcut menu.
2. Click the Subtitle element in the tree and select a subtitle file (.dost) for the track in the Control
Panel using the Browse button. You can add multiple subtitle tracks to a title.
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Subtitle properties
Item
Description
Name
The name of the subtitle track in DoStudio Authoring.
Language
You can select the language display for the subtitle track using the
Language list. This will display the language on screen or on the Bluray Disc player front panel display if the player supports this feature.
Full Screen Images
If your subtitle .png files are 1920 x 1080, select Yes in the Full
Screen Images list.
If your subtitle .png files are smaller than 1920 x 1080 and their
position is set in the .dost file, select No in the Full Screen Images list.
Subtitle Track #
The subtitle track number. (Display only.)
Crop Subtitles
Crop your full-screen subtitle images to only the size needed. For
more information, see "Cropping subtitles" below.
Subtitle File
The file path and name of the subtitle file. Click the Browse button to
choose a different file.
Cropping subtitles
If you have full-screen 1920 x 1080 subtitle .png files, you can use the Crop Subtitles button in the Control
Panel to crop the image files to only the size needed and modify the .dost file to use the new coordinates.
Cropping your subtitles will save time when you compile your disc.
1. Select a subtitle element in the Playlist tree to display its properties in the Control Panel.
2. Click the Crop Subtitles button.
The DSA Subtitle Converter window is displayed with your .dost file in the Source DOST box.
3. Click the Convert button to begin cropping the image files associated with the source .dost file.
When the process is complete, a new .dost file and cropped .png files are created in a subfolder
named "cropped_dost" where the original .dost file is located. The Control Panel is also updated to
use the new .dost file. Click the question mark button in the DSA Subtitle Converter window to open
the .dost file in Notepad.
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Compiling your Blu-ray Disc
When your menus are authored and your playlist is set up it is time to compile your Blu-ray Disc. Compiling
allows you to watch your Blu-ray Disc in a software player, such as WinDVD, or on a set-top player. The
compile process is the step in which your menu elements, playlist organization, and primary audio, video,
and subtitle files are written into a file structure that can be read by Blu-ray Disc players.
A compiled Blu-ray Disc folder can be burned to BD-R/RE using disc-writing software such as ImgBurn. For
more information, see "Using ImgBurn" on page 159.
This section describes the compile process and the timesaving Quick Compile (multiplexer off) setting that
allows you to reuse multiplexed audio/video files from previous compiles.
Compile operations
DoStudio Authoring includes three compile modes: Compile (multiplexer on), Compile 3D Disc as 2D Disc,
and Quick Compile (multiplexer off).
Compile
When you compile your Blu-ray Disc, DoStudio Authoring verifies your project, multiplexes your video and
audio, and writes the necessary binary files, transport streams, and BD-J code to create a compiled Blu-ray
Disc image.
It is normal to compile your project numerous times throughout the authoring process. The first time you
compile your project, you must use the Compile feature rather than Quick Compile.
To compile your Blu-ray Disc, choose Compile > Compile Blu-ray Disc, click the Compile Blu-ray Disc
button on the toolbar, or press F5.
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The compile window logs the progress of the compile. It begins by preparing the assets and calculating the
total graphics buffer size. Then it runs a validation process to check for missing audio/video assets and
actions that have invalid parameters. The compile window notifies you when your Blu-ray Disc has
compiled successfully. It will also notify you if there were errors during the compile process.
DoStudio Authoring writes out the compiled disc structure in a folder called yourprojectname.bd in your
project's root folder. The compile window gives you an option to open the output folder to see the compiled
files. The output folder contains two folders:
n
Compile
n
Disc
The Disc folder contains the compiled disc structure with the following directories:
n
n
BDMV
n
AUXDATA
n
BACKUP
n
BDJO
n
CLIPINF
n
JAR
n
META
n
PLAYLIST
n
STREAM
n
index.bdmv
n
MovieObject.bdmv
CERTIFICATE
n
n
BACKUP
AACS
When burning a BD-R/-RE, you burn the BDMV and CERTIFICATE folders to your disc. The AACS folder is
empty until you format your disc for replication. You should not burn it to your BD-R/-RE.
Compile 3D Disc as 2D Disc
You can compile a 3D project to a 2D Blu-ray Disc by choosing Compile > Compile 3D Disc as 2D Disc.
You can also click the Compile 3D Disc as 2D Disc button the toolbar or press Shift+F6. Compiling your 3D
project to a 2D Blu-ray Disc takes less time than compiling to a 3D disc, giving you more time for testing.
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Quick Compile
Quick Compile is not available for DSA EX Edition projects. For more information, see "Creating
projects" on page 29.
The most time-consuming part of the compile process is the multiplexing of the video and audio. You have
the option of turning multiplexing on and off to increase efficiency. This can be accomplished in two ways.
At any time during the authoring process, you can choose Compile > Quick Compile, click the Quick
Compile button on the toolbar, or press F6 to compile your menu navigation and actions without remultiplexing the video and audio.
Alternatively, you can set up the Quick Compile mode using the multiplexer setting found in the Disc
Information properties. Click the Disc Information button on the toolbar to display the properties in the
Control Panel.
Select Yes or No in the Multiplex Audio/Video list.
The first time you compile your Blu-ray Disc, Multiplex Audio/Video must be set to Yes (a full compile) so
that the video structure defined in the Playlist tree can be generated and the elementary video and audio
streams can be muxed into transport streams that are readable by Blu-ray Disc players.
For subsequent compilations, you can set Multiplex Audio/Video to No or click the Quick Compile button.
You would use Quick Compile if you have made edits to you menu authoring but you have not made any
changes to your segments or chapters. When Multiplex Audio/Video is set to No, DoStudio Authoring will
reuse the multiplexed files from the last compile and only rewrite the necessary navigation code (BD-J). A
good rule of thumb is that if you have made edits to your segments or chapters, you will need to do a full
compile. If you have only made changes to the Menu Elements window, added or changed actions, or
edited remote control navigation, you can do a Quick Compile. This feature can save you many hours over
the course of authoring your Blu-ray Disc.
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Compile error messages
During the compile process, DoStudio Authoring checks for any errors in your disc that will prevent it from
functioning properly. Any issues are reported in the compile window and the compile process is canceled.
Incomplete Disc Settings
You must enter an Organization ID and an Application ID in your Disc Information settings in order to
successfully compile your Blu-ray Disc. The compiler will notify you if these are missing.
Missing First Play Image
Your project must contain a First Play image. The compiler will notify you if it is missing.
Incomplete Properties for Actions
The compiler will notify you if you have authored a menu action but have not setup the properties for the
action properly. Normally, this will occur if you have setup an action and then edited or deleted the target
of the action. The compiler will tell you which menu element or playlist item contains the faulty action.
The Playlist Is Invalid
This message will occur occasionally when you are opening a project created in a 1.x version of DoStudio
Authoring. Save the project, close DoStudio Authoring, and then reopen your project.
Multiplexing the Assets Has Failed
This message indicates an error in your video and audio streams. If your video and audio streams contain
an error or are in some way not compliant with the Blu-ray Disc specification, the muxer will return this
error. When this occurs, you must determine which of your streams has the error. The compiler does not
pinpoint which file is problematic at this point.
This message can also occur when you do not have enough free space on your hard drive to compile your
disc image.
Failed to Create Interactive Layer
This message indicates an authoring error in your project. The most common cause of this error message is
faulty setup of a condition or APRM. An empty conditional property or an APRM with no value will cause
this error. It can also occur due to a faulty subtitle file. When this occurs, it is best to check for incomplete
authoring properties. If you can not determine the problem, please send the DoStudio Authoring log file to
[email protected] for review.
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Verifying your compiled disc image
To view your compiled disc image, open your BDMV folder using ArcSoft TotalMedia Theatre.
Alternatively, you can open the Disc folder that is created when you compile and drag the BDMV folder to
the TotalMedia Theatre icon on your desktop.
Burning a Blu-ray Disc
When you have successfully compiled your project, you can burn a BD-R/RE by clicking the Burn button in
the compile window. You must select your BD-R drive from the combo box.
This will open ImgBurn if you have it installed on your workstation. You have the option to select whether
you want to verify the disc after it is burned.
By default, DoStudio Authoring will open the burner application with UDF 2.5 selected, which is the required
format for Blu-ray Disc burning.
If you do not use the Burn feature built into the compile window, you can always open the Blu-ray Disc
burner separately and add your files. For more information, see "Using ImgBurn" on page 159.
Formatting your Blu-ray Disc for replication
The final step in the Blu-ray Disc authoring process prior to replication is formatting. This section describes
how to format your final Blu-ray Disc image.
You should only proceed with formatting when you have performed a full quality-assurance test on your
project by burning your compiled disc to BD-R/RE and testing the playback in a set-top player. You will not
be able to play your formatted BD image until you receive your check discs from the replicator.
BDCMF and Managed Copy setup
Prior to formatting your final disc image, you must define the BDCMF settings in the BDCMF tab of the
Disc Information settings. For more information, see "BDCMF tab" on page 34.
Formatting operations
To format your Blu-ray Disc, choose Compile > Format Blu-ray Disc, click the Format Blu-ray Disc button
on the toolbar, or press Shift+F5.
If your disc size exceeds 25 GB, DoStudio Authoring will automatically format it as a BD50 disc image. You
do not need to set the layer break. DoStudio Authoring sets the layer break automatically during the
formatting process.
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67
It is important to keep in mind that you will need twice as much space on your workstation's hard
drive as the size of your compiled project. During the format process, DoStudio Authoring recompiles
your project, then writes the BDCMF file set. So if your compiled project is 45 GB in size, then you need
90 GB of disc space on your hard drive to format it successfully.
You will be prompted with a notice warning you that formatting will recompile and format your disc while
applying AACS information. You will not be able to play your disc in a software player or burn your disc to
BD-R/-RE once you have formatted the disc image.
If you need to recompile your project after you have created a formatted image, you should delete the
folder called projectname.BD in your project's root folder prior to compiling. This will delete the formatted
image so that you can perform a clean compile.
DoStudio Authoring automatically recompiles your project with BD-R/-RE test mode turned off prior to
formatting. This is a safety precaution because if you accidentally format your disc using a compile that
was performed in Test Mode, your replicated disc will not play. The recompile also adds the necessary AACS
preparation to your disc.
After recompiling, the formatting process begins. The formatting process takes about as long as the
compiling process. It is important to take this into consideration when planning for your deadlines.
The Format window will notify you when your Blu-ray Disc has formatted successfully. It will also notify
you if there were errors during the formatting process.
DoStudio Authoring writes the BDCMF 1.02 (or BDCMF 1.20 for BD3D) formatted image into the folder you
selected in the Control Panel. The folder now contains the following files:
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Delivering your disc image to the replication facility
As of this writing, all Blu-ray Disc replicators require that the formatted disc image be delivered on a
portable hard drive. You cannot deliver your disc image on BD-R/RE. It is best to check with your replicator
about their preferred format prior to delivering your disc image.
You will send the following files to the replicator:
n
BDCMF.CMF
n
FAI.DAT
n
PACL0.DAT
n
PIC.DAT
n
UCD.DAT
n
UD.DAT
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Chapter 6
Audio/video segments
By default, your Blu-ray Disc™ project contains one 2D segment.
Adding, deleting, and editing segments
Adding segments
To add additional segments, right-click the segments in the Playlist tree to display a shortcut menu and
click the type of segment you want to add.
You will see the option to add a 3D segment only if you have purchased the DoStudio 3D Authoring
module.
Deleting segments
To delete a segment, right-click the segment in the tree and choose Remove Segment from the shortcut
menu.
The order of the segments in the tree does not determine the order they will play.
Editing 2D segment properties
When you select a 2D segment in the Playlist tree, its properties are displayed in the Control Panel. You can
rename the segment by typing a new name in the Name box.
You assign the frame rate of the video in your segment using the Frames Per Second drop-down list. The
available frame rates are 23.98, 24, 25, 29.97, 50, and 59.94. Each segment in a Blu-ray Disc project can
have a different frame rate.
AUDIO/VIDEO SEGMENTS
71
Adding primary audio/video streams to segments
The type of video you can add to a segment depends upon whether it is a 2D or a 3D segment. Adding
audio and subtitle assets is the same for 2D and 3D.
2D segments can also have secondary video streams, which are used for picture-in-picture. 3D segments do
not support secondary video streams. For information about setting up a secondary video stream, please
see "Adding secondary audio/video streams (PiP)" on page 73.
Adding 2D primary video
A segment must have a video file assigned to it. When you create a 2D segment, an empty video element is
created in the tree.
1. Expand the Primary Audio/Video element in the Playlist tree.
2. Select the Video element in the Playlist tree.
3. Click the Browse button in the Control Panel.
4. Select a video file and click Open.
Supported video codecs
n
MPEG-2 HD (.m2v, .m2p, .mpg, .mpeg)
n
SMPTE VC-1 (.vc1)
n
MPEG-4 AVC (.avc, .264, .h264)
Adding a primary audio track
1. To add an audio track to a title, right click the Primary Audio/Video element in the Playlist tree and
choose Add Audio.
2. Choose the file for the track in the Add an Audio File dialog box.
To update or change a file after it has been added, click the Audio Track element in the tree and select an
audio file for the track in the Control Panel using the Browse button. You can add multiple audio tracks to
a title.
Supported audio codecs
72
n
LPCM 2.0, 5.1, 7.1 (.wav)
n
Dolby Digital 2.0, 5.1 (.ac3)
n
Dolby Digital Plus (.ec3)
n
Dolby TrueHD (.ac3 core + .mlp)
n
DTS (.dts)
CHAPTER 6
n
DTS-HD High-Resolution (.dtshd)
n
DTS-HD Master Audio (.dtshd)
Adding secondary audio/video streams (PiP)
DoStudio Authoring supports a secondary video track to create a picture-in-picture (PiP) effect. In this
document, we will sometimes refer to the secondary audio/video tracks as PiP tracks. You can add multiple
secondary audio tracks to your PiP track. You can not add subtitles to the PiP track.
You can add multiple secondary video tracks to a title and turn their visibility on and off using actions.
Maximum bit rate for secondary video stream
The total video bit rate value of primary video and secondary video streams (including subtitles) must be
less than or equal to 38 Mbps.
Maximum video bit rate for secondary video streams must be less than or equal to 7.6 Mbps.
When using a secondary video track, we recommend encoding your primary video track at a maximum bit
rate of 18 Mbps.
We recommend that you encode your secondary video in standard definition at a maximum bit rate of 5
Mbps. In order to create two secondary video streams and stay within the prescribed buffer, you should use
standard definition video encoded at 3.7 Mbps.
Secondary video codecs
You can combine codecs for primary and secondary video as follows:
Primary Video Streams
MPEG-2
MPEG-4 AVC
VC-1
Secondary Video Streams
MPEG-2
Allowed
MPEG-4 AVC
Allowed
VC-1
Allowed
Prohibited Allowed
Prohibited
Prohibited Prohibited
Allowed
Allowed combination of primary video formats and secondary video formats
The Blu-ray Disc specification allows HD or SD secondary video streams, but most Blu-ray Disc players
cannot play back a secondary video stream that contains HD content. Therefore, we recommend that you
use only SD video in your secondary video streams.
AUDIO/VIDEO SEGMENTS
73
Primary video streams
Frame size (pixels) Frame rate (Hz) Progressive/Interlace Aspect ratio
1920x1080
29.97
Interlace
25
Interlace
23.976
Progressive
24
Progressive
59.94
Progressive
50
Progressive
23.976
Progressive
24
Progressive
720x480
29.97
Interlace
4:3 or 16:9
720x576
25
Interlace
4:3 or 16:9
1280x720
16:9
16:9
Secondary video streams
Frame size (pixels) Frame rate (Hz) Progressive/Interlace Aspect ratio
720x480
29.97
Interlace
4:3 or 16:9
720x576
25
Interlace
4:3 or 16:9
Adding a secondary video track
1. Right click the Secondary Audio/Video element in the Playlist tree and choose Add Secondary Video
from the shortcut menu.
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2. Select the Secondary Video element in the Playlist tree and click the Browse button in the Control
Panel tab to choose a video file.
3. You can use the Scale drop-down list in the Control Panel tab to set the scale of the secondary video
stream to None (actual pixel size), Half Size, or Full Screen (scaled to fill the screen regardless of
actual pixel size of the video stream).
DoStudio Authoring allows you to implement PiP using a single secondary video stream or with
multiple secondary video streams.
Case 1: A single secondary video stream
In the Control Panel properties for the secondary audio/video, set One Single Stream to Yes. This means
that you will use just one video stream for your PiP track.
By default, one secondary video segment is created. If your PiP track will stay visible the entire length of the
secondary video stream, you will only need one segment. If your PiP track will turn on and off throughout
the duration of the secondary video stream, you will create multiple segments.
Property
Description
Name
As with all tree elements in DoStudio Authoring, the name of the
element can be edited.
Video File
This is the location of the secondary video file. For a single secondary
video stream, this file will be the same as the secondary video stream
and the box will be unavailable.
Start
The start frame is the timecode number that defines when the PiP
track will begin. For example, if you want the PiP stream to activate
10 seconds into the secondary video stream, you would type
00:00:10:00.
Duration
This is the duration of the PiP stream defined in timecode. For
example, if your PiP stream will stay active for 45 seconds you would
type 00:00:45:00.
AUDIO/VIDEO SEGMENTS
75
Property
Left Position
Description
Top Position
These numbers define the location of the upper-left corner of the PiP
stream defined in absolute pixels.
Scale
This drop-down list defines the scale of the PiP stream.
n
None: Displays the PiP stream in its actual pixel size.
n
Half Size: Displays the PiP stream at half its actual pixel size.
n
Full Screen: Scales the PiP stream to fill the entire screen
regardless of the actual pixel size of the secondary video
stream.
Since you can use HD and SD streams of various sizes for your
secondary video, the scale feature will appear differently depending
on the resolution of the video. A 1920x1080 secondary stream will fill
the screen if the scale is set to None, whereas a 720x480 stream will
only consume approximately 1/6th of the screen when the scale is set
to None.
Case 2: Multiple secondary video streams
In the Control Panel properties for the Secondary Audio/Video, set One Single Stream to No. This means
that you will use more than one video stream for your PiP track.
In this scenario, you do not add a video file to the secondary audio/video element in the playlist. Instead,
you add the video files to the segments that you create.
Property
Description
Name
As with all tree elements in DoStudio Authoring, the name of the
element can be edited.
Video File
This is the location of the secondary video file. Each segment will
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Property
Description
contain a separate video file.
Start
The start frame is the timecode number that defines when the PiP
track will begin. The start frame is a timecode number for the title,
not the secondary video. For example, if you want the PiP stream to
activate 30 seconds into the title, you would type 00:00:30:00.
Duration
This is the duration of the PiP stream defined in timecode. For
example, if your PiP stream will stay active for 45 seconds you would
type 00:00:45:00.
Left Position
These numbers define the location of the upper-left corner of the PiP
stream defined in absolute pixels.
Top Position
Scale
This drop-down list defines the scale of the PiP stream.
n
None: Displays the PiP stream in its actual pixel size.
n
Half Size: Displays the PiP stream at half its actual pixel size.
n
Full Screen: Scales the PiP stream to fill the entire screen
regardless of the actual pixel size of the secondary video
stream.
Since you can use HD and SD streams of various sizes for your
secondary video, the scale feature will appear differently depending
on the resolution of the video. A 1920x1080 secondary stream will fill
the screen if the scale is set to None, whereas a 720x480 stream will
only consume approximately 1/6th of the screen when the scale is set
to None.
Secondary audio codecs
Blu-ray Disc supports Dolby Digital Plus and DTS-HD LBR audio streams for use in the secondary audio
track.
Attention DVD authors: Standard Dolby Digital files (such as the kind you would create for a DVD) are
not valid for use as a secondary audio track. You will not be able to compile your project successfully
if you use a Dolby Digital file in your secondary audio track.
Dolby Digital Plus audio streams for secondary audio
The bit rate of the Dolby Digital Plus audio stream for secondary audio mixing application is variable and
cannot exceed 256*103 bits/second (256 Kbps).
If the primary audio stream contains more than 5.1 channels, a secondary audio stream with an audio
coding mode of 1/0 may only be panned to and mixed with the Left, Center, Right, Left Surround and Right
Surround channels of the primary audio stream.
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77
DTS-HD LBR audio streams for secondary audio
The bit rate of the DTS-HD LBR audio stream cannot exceed 256*103 bits/second (256 Kbps).
Duration of Synchronized Frame: 32/375 seconds (~85.33 ms))
Sampling Frequency: 48 kHz
Audio Channel Arrangement: 1/0,2/0,3/0,3/1,2/1,2/2,3/2
Notes:
n
n
n
DTS-HD(LBR) decoder operates on the subframe block, which is 256 samples. As a result, minimum
output buffer size is 256 samples for any frame size.
When panning the DTS-HD LBR secondary audio stream, audio channel arrangement shall be 1/0.
A DTS-HD LBR secondary audio stream shall have two-channel downmixing component in case of
Audio Channel Arrangement is: 3/0,3/1,2/1,2/2 or 3/2.
Adding a secondary audio track
1. Right-click the Secondary Audio/Video element in the Playlist tree and choose Add Secondary
Audio from the shortcut menu.
2. Select the Secondary Audio element in the Playlist tree and click the Browse button in the Control
Panel tab to choose an audio file.
Unlike the primary audio/video track, you can create a stand-alone secondary audio track that does not
have an associated secondary video track.
The process of adding segments is similar to the process for adding secondary video. There are two
exceptions:
n
n
The secondary audio does not have a left and top position setting.
The Secondary Video drop-down list allows you to associate the secondary audio track with an
existing secondary video track. When the tracks are associated, they become an interleaved sync
track when you compile your project. An audio track that is associated with a video track will mute
and unmute when the video track is turned on and off.
Secondary audio/video actions
You control the visibility of the secondary audio and video using actions. For more information, see
"Secondary audio/video actions" on page 120.
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Adding Dolby TrueHD to your project
Dolby TrueHD consists of a core 5.1 Dolby Digital file (.ac3) plus a lossless 7.1 TrueHD file (.mlp).
1. Select the Audio Track element in the Playlist window.
2. In the Control Panel, click the Browse button to add the core .ac3 file to the first Audio file box.
3. Click the Browse button to add the core .ac3 file to the Dolby TrueHD Audio file box.
Adding multichannel LPCM files to your project
DoStudio supports multichannel LPCM (.wav) files in 6-channel (5.1 surround) and 8-channel (7.1
surround) configurations.
6-channel (5.1 surround) channel assignment:
Channel 1 Left
Channel 2 Right
Channel 3 Center
Channel 4 Left Surround
Channel 5 Right Surround
Channel 6 LFE
8-channel configuration (7.1 surround) channel assignment:
Channel 1 Left
Channel 2 Right
Channel 3 Center
Channel 4 Left Surround
Channel 5 Rear-Left Surround
Channel 6 Rear-Right Surround
Channel 7 Right Surround
Channel 8 LFE
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79
Using a single interleaved .wav file
The channels can be interleaved in a single .wav file by your audio-editing package. If you have a single,
interleaved file, then add the multichannel .wav file to your primary audio the same way you would add a
stereo .wav file or any other single-file audio source: right-click the Primary Audio/Video element and
choosing Add Audio.
Using individual .wav files
You can also add multichannel LPCM audio by adding individual .wav files.
1. Right-click the Primary Audio/Video element in your playlist and choose Add Multichannel Audio. A
new audio track will be added to your playlist.
2. Select the new audio track in the Playlist tree and add the individual .wav files in the Control Panel.
For a 5.1-surround multichannel mix, select files for the first 6 channels according to the channel
assignment described above. Leave Channel 7 and Channel 8 blank.
For a 7.1 multichannel mix, select files for all 8 channels according to the channel assignment described
above.
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Language display setting
You can assign a language display setting to the audio track using the Language drop-down list. This
language setting will be displayed on screen or on the Blu-ray Disc player's front panel display if the player
supports this display option.
Subtitles
DoStudio Authoring uses graphics-based subtitles for Blu-ray Disc projects.
For more information about creating subtitles, see "Subtitles" on page 59.
Adding slideshow segments
You can use still images instead of motion video in your Blu-ray Disc project by adding a slideshow
segment.
Adding or deleting slideshow segments
To add a slideshow segment, right-click Audio Video Segments in the Playlist tree and choose Add
Slideshow Segment from the shortcut menu.
To delete a slideshow segment, right-click the slideshow segment in the Playlist tree and choose Remove
Segment from the shortcut menu.
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81
Slideshow segment properties
When you select a slideshow segment in the Playlist window, its properties are displayed in the Control
Panel. You can rename the slideshow title by typing a new name in the Name box.
Use the Resolution drop-down list to select the size of the still image(s) you are using in the slideshow
segment. The options are:
n
HD 1080i 1920x1080
n
HD 720p 1280x720
n
SD 16x9 720x480 anamorphic (image will stretch to fill the screen)
n
SD 4:3 720x480 (4:3 image will be displayed with black bars on the right and left sides
Adding still images to a slideshow segment
1. Right-click the Primary Slides node in the Playlist tree and choose Add Slides from the shortcut
menu. The Add Slides dialog is displayed.
2. Type a value in the Default Length in Seconds box to set the default length for slides. You can edit
the duration of individual slides after you add them to the slideshow segment.
3. To add slides to the slideshow segment, click the Add Slides button and select one or more JPG
images.
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The Add Slides dialog will display your slides in a list after you import them. This is the order they will
appear when playing your Blu-ray Disc. You can reorder slides by dragging rows in the Add Slides
dialog. To remove a slide, right-click it and choose Remove.
4. Click OK to close the Add Slides dialog. When the Add Slides dialog is closed, the slide order is
locked, so be sure you have them in the order you desire.
You will now see your slides listed in the Playlist tree. When you select a slide, its source file name
and duration are displayed in the Control Panel.
Type a new value in the Duration box to edit its duration.
Click the Browse button to replace the image used for a slide by selecting a new slide.
You can delete a slide from the tree by right-clicking it and choosing Remove Slide.
Adding audio and subtitles to slideshow segments
You can add audio and subtitle tracks to slideshow segments just as you would add them to primary video.
To do this, right-click the Primary Slides node in the Playlist tree and choose a command from the shortcut
menu. The process for adding audio and subtitles and adjusting their properties is the same as it is when
adding them to primary video.
Playback of slideshow segments
Your slideshow segment will display each slide you have added for its duration then display the next slide in
the list. If you have added audio and/or subtitles, you will be able to display them just as you would if they
were attached to primary video. You cannot add chapter points to individual slides in a slideshow segment,
so the viewer does not have the ability to skip forward or backward while viewing the slides.
AUDIO/VIDEO SEGMENTS
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Chapter 7
Importing menu graphics in Mosaic
This feature is not available for DSA EX Edition projects. For more information, see "Creating projects"
on page 29.
This section discusses how to create import menu graphics from a layered Adobe Photoshop (.psd) file
using an application that comes with DoStudio Authoring called Mosaic. Mosaic is a powerful and flexible
application that imports a layered .psd file and generates discrete DoStudio Authoring menu elements out
of each layer in the .psd file according to a simple naming convention. Mosaic allows you to reimport a
.psd file an unlimited number of times during the authoring process if your menu design undergoes design
changes. You can choose to preserve your current authoring for any reimported menu element, or you can
overwrite the authoring with the initial values contained in the .psd file.
Mosaic relies on a naming convention that you must use when labeling the layers of your .psd file before
importing the file. The naming convention relates to the basic menu elements in DoStudio Authoring:
blocks, sets, and buttons.
Mosaic can automatically handle the resizing of menu elements from one import to the next and it includes
a powerful mapping feature that allows you to move the authoring from one menu element to another
even when you have fundamentally changed the names of menu elements or changed the hierarchical
structure of your menu system.
Additionally, you can add DoStudio Authoring actions directly to menu elements in your .psd file by adding
layers to your file with a special kind of shorthand notation in the layer name called Mosaic Action Script.
IMPORTING MENU GRAPHICS IN MOSAIC
85
Naming convention for .psd file layers
In order for Mosaic to successfully assign each layer of a .psd file to its proper role in DoStudio Authoring
you must name each layer according to the naming convention described below for menu blocks, sets, and
buttons.
Menu blocks
To define a menu block in a .psd file, create a layer and name it with the prefix mb:.
Example: mb: Main Menu
If you want to create a menu block with a transparent background, create an empty layer and name it
according to the naming convention. If you create a transparent background, Mosaic will determine the
size of the menu block from the size of the set.
Sets
Sets are created by using the group feature in Photoshop. Create a group and name it "Set 1," "Set 2," and so
on, or name your sets more descriptively such as "Chapters1-5." There are no special characters to enter in
the layer name for the set.
You will place your button graphics and set background image (optional) inside the Photoshop group.
Sets will import with a transparent background unless you specify an image for the set's background. The
naming convention for a set background is bg:.
Example: bg: nameofsetbackground
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Buttons
Buttons are placed in the Photoshop set and are named according to which button state they represent:
Normal: n:
Example: n: Chapter 1
Selected: s:
Example: s: Chapter 1
Activated: a:
Example: a: Chapter 1
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87
Important considerations for creating your .psd file:
n
Text layers must be rasterized.
n
Mosaic does not recognize layer effects, so you must fully merge all layer effects into the layer.
n
Your buttons must be contained within the boundaries of your menu block.
n
You can see the actual size of the layer (including the transparent pixels) by selecting the Show
Transform Controls feature in Photoshop. When this is turned on, you will see a rectangle around
the actual pixels in the layer. Mosaic reads this layer information and uses it to determine the size of
your menu block.
n
Your buttons can not overlap.
n
Beware of Glow effects; they can cause overlap problems.
Adding a .psd file to Mosaic
To begin the import process, start Mosaic by choosing Edit > Import PSD Graphic clicking the Import PSD
Graphic button in the toolbar.
Mosaic is a separate application that performs the import process and transfers the menu data to DoStudio
Authoring. Mosaic must complete the import process or you must exit the Mosaic application in order to
continue authoring in DoStudio Authoring.
To add a .psd file to Mosaic, choose Edit > Add PSD. This opens a browse window that lets you choose your
.psd file. When you select the file, Mosaic reads each of the layers and generates a log in the Import Status
tab. If your .psd file has errors that will prevent it from properly importing into DoStudio Authoring, you will
be notified at this stage.
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Some of the common errors that will be detected include:
n
Menu elements that extend beyond the edge of the HD frame (1920 x 1080)
n
PSDs that are not the correct bit depth (32-bit = 8 bits per channel)
n
PSDs that contain overlapping buttons in the same Menu Set
Working with the Mosaic interface
The Mosaic interface contains the Import Tree, the Control Panel, and four tabs in the preview pane:
Layout Preview, Import Status, Mapping, and Layer Image.
The Import Tree
The Import Tree displays a tree view of the menu elements that Mosaic reads from your .psd file. Notice
that the tree view of the Import Tree is similar to the tree view of the Menu Elements window in DoStudio
Authoring. The tree displays the menu blocks, sets, and buttons just as you would see them when they are
imported into DoStudio Authoring. It displays some additional information as well.
Under each menu block in the Import Tree, you will see an icon corresponding to the .psd file layer that
defines the menu block.
You can expand the tree view for each button in your menus to display an icon for each of the button state
images. You can further expand each of the button state icons in the Import Tree to see an icon that
corresponds to the .psd file layer that defines the image for the button state.
IMPORTING MENU GRAPHICS IN MOSAIC
89
Selecting any item in the Import Tree displays the item's properties in the Control Panel. The next section
examines each item's Control Panel properties. But let's look at a few more functions in the Import Tree
before we get into the Control Panel properties.
Estimated Image Buffer Size
The Import Tree calculates the size of your menu graphics in bytes and displays this value at the top of the
Import Tree. This relates to how much of your image buffer is used by your menu system. For more
information about calculating the image buffer size, see "The image buffer" on page 13.
Selecting the location of your images folder
The Image Folder box allows you to specify the name of the folder you would like Mosaic to use to store
your menu graphics. This folder will always be created inside your project's .content folder contained within
the root directory that houses your project file. Simply type a new name in the box. If the folder name you
specify does not exist, it will be created when you import your .psd file into DoStudio Authoring.
Choosing which menu elements to import
You can choose which elements to import by using the check boxes. By default, all elements are selected for
import. You may, for example, clear the check boxes for entire menu blocks or sets or individual buttons to
only import the elements you need. This is useful if you have made a change to just one part of your .psd
file and you want to reimport only the element that has changed. In this case, clearing the check box next
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to a menu element in the Import Tree will preserve the previously imported graphics and authoring (actions
and remote control settings) for that menu element in your DoStudio Authoring project.
You can also select whether or not to import an element using the Import Layer check box found in the
Control Panel when you have selected the menu element. When you make an import/don't import selection
in the Import Tree, it will be reflected in the Control Panel and vice versa.
You can make a global "import all" selection by clicking the Use Current Actions button at the bottom of
the Import Tree. This will select all of the check boxes. Likewise, you can make a global "import none"
selection by clicking the Use DSA Actions button at the bottom of the Import Tree. This will clear all of the
check boxes.
Expanding/collapsing the Import Tree view
Use the arrows next to a menu element's icon to expand or collapse the tree layers under it. You can use the
Expand
and Collapse
the entire tree.
buttons at the bottom-left corner of the Import Tree to expand or collapse
Control Panel properties
You can select any of the blocks, sets, or buttons to view and edit their properties in the Control Panel. Let's
look at the available properties in detail.
Menu blocks
When you select a menu block in the Import Tree, the Control Panel displays the name of the menu block,
the image buffer size, and the size and position properties for the menu block. The Top and Left positions
are measured in pixels from the top left of the screen. The Width and Height boxes describe the size of the
menu block.
The Current values are for the .psd file you currently have loaded into Mosaic. If you are reimporting a ,psd
file, you will see Previous values as well. The Previous values describe the size of the menu block that is
currently in your DoStudio Authoring project. If you haven't changed the size of the menu block, the values
will be the same.
You can edit the size and position values of your menu elements at this stage if you desire; however, you
will not need to edit these values if you have laid out your menus in Photoshop to your liking. For example,
if your .psd file is 1920 x 1080 at 72 dpi, the position of all of the menu elements in Mosaic is exactly the
same as you designed them in Photoshop.
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Sets
Selecting a set in the Import Tree displays the same position and size values as when you selected a menu
block. Likewise, you will see both Previous and Current values if you are reimporting a .psd file.
Buttons
When you select a button in the Import Tree, you see three tabs in the Control Panel: Properties, Actions,
and Remote Control Navigation.
The Properties tab describes the position and size values for the button. If you are reimporting a file, you
will see both Previous and Current values.
In the Actions tab, you see any actions that have been imported with the button using Mosaic Action Script.
You can select the Enter, Up, Down, Left, and Right events to see where actions have been assigned. If you
are reimporting a file with Mosaic Action Scripts, you can choose to preserve the actions you have authored
in DoStudio Authoring for that button by selecting the Use Previous option, or you can overwrite the
authoring you have performed in DoStudio Authoring by selecting the Use Current option. Selecting Use
Current will replace any actions you have authored in DoStudio Authoring with the actions that are
included in the .psd file with Mosaic Action Script.
In the Remote Control Navigation tab, you see any remote control navigation that has been imported with
the button using Mosaic Action Script. As with the Actions tab, you can choose to preserve the remote
control navigation you have authored in DoStudio Authoring by selecting the Use Previous option or you
can overwrite the remote control navigation authoring by selecting the Use Current option. Selecting Use
Current will replace any remote control navigation you have authored in DoStudio Authoring with the
remote control navigation that is included in the .psd file with Mosaic Action Script.
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Import Status tab
The Import Status tab contains a log that is generated when you initially select your .psd file for import. It
lists all of the menu layers that are imported and flags any errors or warnings due to problems with the file.
Layout Preview tab
The Layout Preview tab displays the menu layout as it will appear in DoStudio Authoring. You can select the
visibility of each menu element by selecting the check box next to the element's name in the Import Tree.
You can view the buttons in their three button states (normal, selected, and activated) by using the Display
Button State list.
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Layer Image tab
The Layer Image tab displays the image associated with the item that is currently selected in the Import
Tree.
Mapping tab
The Mapping tab allows you to remap the properties from one menu element to another menu element
when you reimport a Photoshop file in which menu elements have been substantially rearranged. Mapping
allows you to preserve the authoring (actions and remote control navigation) that is currently assigned to
one menu element and map it to another one. This prevents you from ever having to simply start over
because you have made too many changes to your menu design.
If you are importing a .psd file into a new DoStudio Authoring project, the Mapping tab will only show one
column. The Mapping tab is designed to be used only when you are reimporting a .psd file.
By default, the Mapping tab displays two columns: the Current Import and the Previous Menu. The Current
Import column displays the layers that are currently being imported from your .psd file by Mosaic. The
Previous Menu column displays the current menu structure in your DoStudio Authoring project. You can
expand the trees using the triangle icons in the same way that you expand the Import Tree. You can view
the menu blocks, sets, buttons. and button state images (normal, selected, and activated) in the trees.
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When you reimport a .psd file, Mosaic attempts to map the existing menu elements to the current import by
matching the menu element names. Mapping means that Mosaic will transfer the actions and navigation
to the previous project.
When Mosaic is able to map a menu element from the previous menu to the current import, the layer
displays a green button next to it. Selecting a mapped menu element in the previous menu tree displays a
line connecting it to the mapped element in the current import. Menu blocks will map to menu blocks, sets
will map to sets, blocks will map to blocks, and button states will map to button states.
If Mosaic is not able to successfully map a menu element from the previous menu to the current import,
then the unmapped element displays a red button next to it. This can happen when you move a button
from one menu or set to a different one, or if you add or delete menu elements from one version of the .psd
file to the next.
Remapping menu elements using drag-and-drop actions
The Mapping tab allows you to manually re-map a menu element by dragging a menu element from one
tree to the other. When you re-map a menu element a new connector line will be drawn between the
elements and they will both display green buttons.
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Displaying the Photoshop layers
The Mapping tab also allows you to view the Photoshop file in layers. Click the arrow button in the upper
left corner of the Mapping tab to display the layers.
You will see that the .psd file layers are mapped to the Current Import and display green buttons where a
successful map has been achieved. You can change the mapping of the Photoshop layer to the Current
Import by dragging a Photoshop layer to a menu element in the Current Import tree. This will redraw the
connecting line and change which Photoshop layer is used for the menu element.
Importing menu elements into DoStudio Authoring
When you are ready to add or update the menu graphics in your DoStudio Authoring project, choose File >
Import Into DoStudio to complete the import process. The menu elements will now appear in the DoStudio
Authoring project.
If you imported a full resolution 1920 x 1080 image then your layout work is done. You will need to assign
navigation and playback actions to the buttons you have just imported.
If your .psd file contains only one portion of your menu and the pixel size of the file is smaller than 1920 x
1080, the element will appear in the top-left corner of the Layout Editor window when you import it into
DoStudio Authoring. You can then position the menu block on your own.
Reimporting a Photoshop file
If you make changes to your graphics while you are in the middle of authoring your Blu-ray Disc, you can
reimport your Photoshop file using Mosaic. Simply open Mosaic by clicking the Import a Photoshop file
button and open your updated .psd file. Select which elements you want to reimport by selecting them with
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the check boxes and choosing whether you want to preserve the authoring from your DoStudio Authoring
project for those menu elements (Use Previous) or overwrite any authoring for those menu elements with
the values in your .psd file (Use Current). When you import the file into DoStudio Authoring, it will update
the graphics in your project.
Mosaic Action Script
Mosaic includes the ability to read a powerful shorthand notation called Mosaic Action Script that allows
you to add actions and remote control navigation to your menu element inside your Photoshop file. Mosaic
Action Script is a great time-saving tool that lets you turn .psd files into DoStudio Authoring templates;
however, it is intended for use by experienced authors.
Mosaic Action Scripts are contained in the .psd file layer names. In Mosaic 2.0, you can create special
layers without any graphics that just contain Mosaic Action Scripts in the layer name without any graphics
in the layer. This makes it easy to reuse the action script layers from one file to the next – you simply copy
the layers into a new .psd file.
Adding Mosaic Action Script to buttons
To add an action script to a button, create a group in your .psd file with the prefix as: and the name of the
button you would like to add the action script to. For example, as: MM Play Film. This will add action scripts
to the button called MM Play Film.
Next, add layers inside the group that include the action script shorthand. You can specify whether to add
the action to the Enter, Up, Down, Left, or Right event for the button by using the following prefixes:
n
enter:
n
up:
n
down:
n
left:
n
right:
If you want to add more than one action to a button event, separate the actions with the pipe symbol (|).
Separate action parameters with the tilde symbol (~).
For example, let's add two actions to the Enter event for the button called MM Play Film. We'll add a Clear
Menu Blocks from Screen action and a Play Chapter action that plays Playlist 1, Segment 1, Chapter 2. To
do this our layer would look like this: enter: CA | PLC=PL:Playlist 1~2D:Segment 1~CH:Chapter 2.
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Adding remote control navigation to menu sets
To add remote control navigation to a menu set with action script, create a group in your .psd file with the
prefix ng: and the name of the set to which you would like to add the action script. Then add the pipe
symbol (|) and either horizontal or vertical to add horizontal or vertical navigation. For example, ng:
Chapters Set | horizontal.
You do not need to add any layers inside the group.
You can nest your Mosaic Action Script groups inside of one group to keep your layers organized and
manageable.
Menu block animation actions
For more information about these actions, see "Menu block animation actions" on page 105.
Action
Animate This Menu Block From The Top
Abbreviation
Parameters
ANMBT
Menu Block Name
Animate This Menu Block From The Bottom ANMBB
Menu Block Name
Animate This Menu Block From The Left
ANMBL
Menu Block Name
Animate This Menu Block From The Right
ANMBR
Menu Block Name
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Button association actions
For more information about these actions, see "Button association actions" on page 105.
Action
Abbreviation
Parameters
Associate This Button To Audio
Track
ASBTAT
PL:Playlist Name~AT:Audio Track Name
Associate This Button To Chapter
ASBTCH
PL:Playlist Name~2D:2D Segment Name~CH:Chapter
Name
PL:Playlist Name~3D:3D Segment Name~CH:Chapter
Name
PL:Playlist Name~SL:Slideshow Segment
Name~CH:Chapter Name
Associate This Button To A
Subtitle Track
ASBTST
PL:Playlist Name~ST:Subtitle Name
Associate This Button To Subtitles ASBTSTO
Off
PL:Playlist Name
Display menu actions
For more information about these actions, see "Display menu actions" on page 108.
Action
Abbreviation
Parameters
Clear Menu Blocks from Screen
CA
Hide The Active Menu Block
HMM
Hide Menu Block
HMB
Menu Block Name~Button Name
Load new Set in Menu Block
LS
Menu Block Name~Set Name~Button Name
Reset Current Active Menu Block
RCMB
Show Menu Block
SMB
Menu Block Name~Set Name~Button Name
Show Menu Block Without A Focus Button SMB
Menu Block Name~Set Name
Switch Active Menu Block
SWMB
Menu Block Name~Set Name~Button Name
Toggle Menu Blocks
TOM
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Display button actions
For more information about these actions, see "Display button actions" on page 112.
Action
Abbreviation
Parameters
Deactivate Button
Change Button Image to Activated CIA
Button Name
Change Button Image to Normal
CIN
Button Name
Change Button Image to Selected
CIS
Button Name
Set Button As Activated
SBA
Button Name
Set Button As Selected
SBS
Button Name
Title playback actions
For more information about these actions, see "Title playback actions" on page 114.
Action
Abbreviation
Fast Forward
FF
Next Chapter
NC
Pause
PA
Play
PL
Play Chapter
PLC
Parameters
PL:Playlist Name~2D:Segment Name~CH:Chapter Name
PL:Playlist Name~3D:Segment Name~CH:Chapter Name
Example: PLC=PL:001~2D:001~CH:001
Play PlayList
PLPL
PL:Playlist Name
Example: PLPL =PL:001
Jump To Point
TTM
Toggle Play/Pause
TOGPLPA
Previous Chapter
PC
Resume to Time in Playlist
RS
Rewind
RW
Set Resume Point For PlayList SSRP
Stop
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Time in Seconds
Subtitle actions
For more information about these actions, see "Subtitle actions" on page 117.
Action
Set Subtitle Track
Abbreviation
SST
Parameters
PL:Playlist Name~2D:Segment Name~ST:Subtitle Name
PL:Playlist Name~3D:Segment Name~ST:Subtitle Name
Turn Subtitles On
ONST
Turn Subtitles Off OFFST
Toggle Subtitles
TOGST
Primary audio/video actions
For more information about these actions, see "Primary audio/video actions" on page 119.
Action
Abbreviation
Parameters
Set Main Audio Level
SL
Audio Level Percentage (1-100)
Set Audio Track
SAT
PL:Playlist Name~2D:Segment Name~AT:Audio Track Name
PL:Playlist Name~3D:Segment Name~AT:Audio Track Name
Mute Menu Main Audio MTMA
UnMute Main Audio
UTMA
Secondary audio/video actions
For more information about these actions, see "Secondary audio/video actions" on page 120.
Action
Set Secondary Video
Abbreviation
SSVT
Parameters
PL:Playlist Name~2D:Segment Name~SVT:Secondary Video
Track Name
PL:Playlist Name~3D:Segment Name~SVT:Secondary Video
Track Name
Set Secondary Audio
SSAT
PL:Playlist Name~2D Segment Name~SAT:Secondary Audio
Track Name
PL:Playlist Name~3D Segment Name~SAT:Secondary Audio
Track Name
Set Secondary Audio Level
SSAL
Turn Secondary
Audio/Video On
ONSA
Turn Secondary
Audio/Video Off
OFFSA
Mute Secondary Audio
MTSA
UnMute Secondary Audio
UTSA
Audio Level Percentage (1-100)
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Sound effect actions
For more information about these actions, see "Sound effect actions" on page 122.
Action
Abbreviation
Play Sound
PLS
Mute Sound Effects
MTS
Parameters
SE:Sound Effect Name
unMute Sound Effects UTS
System actions
For more information about these actions, see "System actions" on page 124.
Action
Set Advanced Parameter
Abbreviation
Parameters
STAP
APRM Name~Value
Add To Advanced Parameter
ADAP
APRM Name~Add Number
Subtract From Advanced Parameter
SBAP
APRM Name~Subtract Number
Multiply Advanced Parameter
MPAP
APRM Name~Multiply Number
Divide By Advanced Parameter
DVAP
APRM Name ~ Divide Number
Random Number for Advanced
Parameter
RNAP
APRM Name~Seed Number~Maximum
Number
Round Advanced Parameter
RDAP
APRM Name
Absolute Advanced Parameter
ASAP
APRM Name
Set General Purpose Register
Move APRM to GPRM
Move GPRM to APRM
Move SPRM to APRM
Animation actions
Action
Abbreviation
Parameters
Animate Menu Block From The Bottom ANMBB
Menu Block Name
Animate Menu Block From The Top
ANMBT
Menu Block Name
Animate Menu Block From The Left
ANMBL
Menu Block Name
Animate Menu Block From The Right
ANMBR
Menu Block Name
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Chapter 8
Using actions
By now you have imported your menu graphics from a layered Photoshop file and set up your playlist. Now
it is time to author the menu interactivity for your Blu-ray Disc™.
Actions are functions that create the interactive functionality of your Blu-ray Disc. The beauty of actions is
that you can author sophisticated navigation and event-based interactivity in your BD project without ever
touching a line of code. The actions do all of the work for you.
Assigning and removing actions
Actions are assigned in the Control Panel when you have selected an element that supports actions.
Actions can be assigned to the following elements in your project:
n
Menu Navigation Buttons (Enter, Up, Down, Left, Right)
n
Menu Display events (On Show, On Hide)
n
Menu Button Display events (On Show)
n
Remote Control Buttons (Play, Pause, Pop Up Menu, Rewind, Fast Forward, Red Button, Green
Button, Blue Button, Yellow Button)
n
Playlist Start
n
Playlist End
n
Chapter Start
Some elements in your project perform certain tasks inherently and do not need actions assigned to
them unless you are creating some type of specialized interactivity:
n
n
n
Pop Up Menu – The Pop Up Menu element found in the Playlist User Operation will
automatically toggle the Main Menu on and off screen. You do not need to add the Show/Hide
Main menu actions for the Pop-Up Menu to work.
Play/Pause/Rewind/Fast Forward – These elements found in the Playlist work inherently and
you do not need to assign an action to cause them to work. For example, you do not need to
assign the Play Action to the Play button. The Play button performs that function
automatically. You can add Actions to these Playlist elements to create other kinds of
interactivity. For example, you may want to cause a Menu to show or hide when the viewer
presses a remote control button.
Playlist End – You do not need to assign a Play Title or Play Chapter Action to the Playlist End
element. Instead, use the On End Play setting in the Control Panel to determine the order the
titles should be played in your Playlist.
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Assigning actions
The process for assigning actions is the same regardless of which element the action is assigned to.
1. Select an element in the Menu Elements tree.
The Action List in that element is displayed in the Control Panel.This displays the Actions window for
that element in the Control Panel.
2. Right-click the Action List to display a shortcut menu of actions grouped by type.
3. Choose an action from one of the submenu groups.
If the action has editable properties, the properties are displayed in the Control Panel to the right of
the Action List.
In the example above, the Play Chapter action has been assigned to a button's Enter Key event to
play Chapter 1 of the Main Video segment in the PlayList - Main Video playlist.
You can assign multiple actions to an event. The actions are executed from top to bottom in the list.
Drag actions to reorder them.
Removing actions
To remove an action, right-click it in the Action List and choose Remove Action from the shortcut menu.
Copying and pasting actions
You can copy and paste actions directly in the Action List. Right-click an action and choose Copy. To paste
an action, right-click in an empty part of the Action List and choose Paste.
If you want to copy all of the actions assigned to an element and paste them to another element,
right-click the element in the Menu Elements tree and choose Copy. Then right-click the element to
which you want to paste the actions and choose Paste. All of the actions will now be assigned to the
new element.
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Menu block animation actions
You can cause a menu block to animate on and off screen anytime the menu block is shown or hidden by
adding menu block animation actions to the On Show and On Hide events for the menu block. The menu
block animation actions are only available when you have selected the On Show or On Hide event for a
menu block in the Menu Elements tree.
The menu block animation options are similar to the regular animation actions. The only difference is that
you do not need to specify a menu block because the menu block animation actions are inherently applied
to a specific menu block.
For more information about regular animation actions, see "Animation actions" on page 129.
Button association actions
The button association actions are used in conjunction with sticky button groups. In order for these actions
to work properly, you must assign them to buttons that have been assigned to a sticky button group. The
button association actions can only be applied to the On Show event for a button. They will not appear as
an option in the Control Panel unless you have selected a button's On Show event in the tree.
The button association actions are used to create smart selections for audio and subtitle track setup menus
and chapter selection menus. When used properly, the button association actions will cause buttons to
highlight when their associated track or chapter is playing.
Associate This Button To Audio Track
The Associate This Button To Audio Track action causes the button to change its display state depending
on what audio track is playing. If the audio track that is associated with the button is playing when the
button appears on screen, the button will appear in its activated state. This can be used in a setup menu
where you want to give the viewer feedback as to which audio track is currently active.
You can apply this action multiple times to the same button so that it can be associated with multiple audio
tracks in different playlists.
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Property
Description
Playlist Name
Select the playlist you want to associate with this button.
Audio Track Number Select the audio track you want to associate with this button.
This action can be used with any other action.
Associate This Button To Chapter
The Associate This Button To Chapter action causes the button to change its display state depending on
what chapter is currently playing. If the chapter that is associated with the button is playing when the
button appears on screen, the button will appear in its selected state. This can be used in a chapters
selection menu where you want to give the viewer feedback as to which chapter is currently playing.
You can apply this action multiple times to the same button so that it can be associated with multiple
chapters in different playlists.
Property
Description
Playlist Name Select the playlist you want to associate with this button.
Segment
Select the segment you want to associate with this button.
Chapter
Select the chapter you want to associate with this button.
This action can be used with any other action.
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Associate This Button To A Subtitle Track
The Associate This Button To A Subtitle Track action causes the button to change its display state
depending on what subtitle track is currently active. If the subtitle track that is associated with the button is
active when the button appears on screen, the button will appear in its activated state. This can be used in a
setup menu where you want to give the viewer feedback as to which subtitle track is currently active.
You can apply this action multiple times to the same button so that it can be associated with multiple
subtitle tracks in different playlists.
Property
Description
Playlist Name Select the playlist you want to associate with this button.
Subtitle
Select the subtitle you want to associate with this button.
This action can be used with any other action.
Associate this Button To Subtitles Off
The Associate This Button To Subtitles Off action causes the button to change its display state if the
subtitles are off. If the subtitles are off when the button appears on screen, the button will appear in its
activated state. This can be used in a setup menu where you want to give the viewer feedback as to which
subtitle track is currently active.
You can apply this action multiple times to the same button so that it can be associated with multiple
subtitle tracks in different playlists.
Property
Description
Playlist Name Select the playlist you want to associate with this button.
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This action can be used with any other action.
Display menu actions
The following describes each of the display menu actions in detail. If the action has editable properties, a
screen shot of the Control Panel is included.
Clear Menu Blocks from Screen
The Clear Menu Blocks from Screen action removes all menu blocks from the screen so that only the video
remains. This action is often combined with a Play Chapter action so that when the viewer makes a chapter
selection, all of the menu blocks disappear from the screen to allow the video to play unobstructed.
There are no properties to edit for this action.
Do not use this action with the Show Menu Block or Toggle Menu Blocks actions.
Hide The Active Menu Block
The Hide The Active Menu Block action causes the current active menu block to disappear from the screen.
If you have assigned animation properties to the menu block's On Hide event, the animation will occur
when the action is executed.
There are no properties to edit for this action.
Do not use this action with the Show Menu Block action.
Hide Menu Block
The Hide Menu Block action causes a menu block to disappear from the screen.
If you have assigned an animation action to the menu block's On Hide event, the animation will occur
when this action is executed.
Property
Description
Menu Block Name Choose the menu block to hide.
Selected Button
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Choose the button that will receive focus.
You do not need to choose the menu block and set that correspond to the button you have selected. In
most cases, the correct menu block and set will already be visible on screen. If they are not, you can add the
necessary additional actions to make sure they are on screen. If you set button focus to a button that is not
visible on screen, your viewer will have a difficult time continuing to navigate your Blu-ray Disc.
Do not use this action with the Hide The Active Menu Block or Clear Menu Blocks from Screen actions.
Load new Set in Menu Block
The Load new Set in Menu Block action changes which set is visible in a menu block. This action can be
used for any menu block assuming it has more than one set.
Property
Description
Menu Block
Choose the menu block to load.
Set Name
Choose the set to load.
Focus Button Choose the button that will receive focus.
Do not use this action with the Hide Menu Block, Show Menu Block, or Clear Menu Blocks from Screen
actions.
Reset Current Active Menu Block
The Reset Current Active Menu Block action returns the active menu block designation to the default active
menu block as defined in your Menu Elements tree. The menu block at the top of the menu tree is the
default active menu block.
Do not use this action with the Show Menu Block action.
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Show Menu Block
The Show Menu Block action causes a menu block to appear on screen. If you have added animation
actions to the On Show event for the menu block, the animation will occur when the Show Menu Block
action is executed.
Property
Description
Menu Block Name Choose the menu block to show.
Set Name
Choose the visible set.
Selected Button
Choose which button will have focus.
You will notice that the combo box for the Selected Button includes all of the buttons in your project,
rather than just the button contained in the set you have selected. This is because there are instances when
you may wish to display a submenu block but keep button focus – and therefore navigation control – on
another menu block entirely.
A practical example illustrates this feature. Imagine you design a menu for your project's chapters and you
want to create a thumbnail image that appear in a different part of the screen that corresponds to each
chapter in the chapter menu. You can create an additional menu for the thumbnail images, and use the
Show Menu Block action to change the visibility of the sets in that submenu every time a new chapter is
highlighted. In this case, you would never want to actually navigate to the additional menu; you are only
using it to display images and you want your navigation, and therefore your button focus, to remain on
your chapter submenu.
Do not use this action with the Hide Menu Block action.
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Show Menu Block Without A Focus Button
The Show Menu Block Without A Focus Button action causes a menu block to appear on the screen but will
not change the focus of the currently focused button.
Property
Description
Menu Block Name Choose the menu block to show.
Set Name
Choose the visible set.
Switch Active Menu Block
The Switch Active Menu Block action allows you to define which menu block is associated with the pop-up
menu button on the remote control.
Property
Description
Menu Block
Choose the menu block to show.
Set Name
Choose the visible set.
Focus Button Choose which button will have focus.
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Toggle Menu Blocks
The Toggle Menu Blocks action toggles the current active menu block on and off screen. If the current
Active Menu Block is visible, this action will hide the Menu Block. Likewise, if the Active Menu Block is not
visible, this action will show the Menu on screen. It uses the last visible set in the menu block.
There are no properties to edit for this action.
Do not use this menu block with the Show Menu Block, Hide The Active Menu Block, or Clear Menu Blocks
from Screen actions.
Display button actions
Deactivate Button
This will deactivate a button as long as that button doesn't belong to a button group. This is useful if you
want to programmatically change an activated button.
Property
Button
Description
Select the button to deactivate.
These actions have specialized uses and are generally combined with advanced authoring techniques such
as conditions and APRMs in order to check the playback status of the Blu-ray Disc and adjust the menu
graphics accordingly.
Change Button Image to Activated, Normal, or Selected
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These actions change a button's image without affecting which button has focus. These actions have
specialized uses and are generally combined with advanced authoring techniques such as conditions and
APRMs in order to check the playback status of the Blu-ray Disc and adjust the menu graphics accordingly.
These actions must be used carefully as they can cause more than one button to appear to be in the same
focused state at the same time. They are recommended for advanced authors.
Property
Button
Description
Select which button you want to apply the action to.
Set Button As Activated
This action activates a button. If the newly activated button is not part of a button group, this action also
deactivates the previously active button. If the newly activated button is part of a button group, this action
deactivates the previously active button in the button group.
Property
Description
Activated Button Choose which button to set as activated.
Set Button As Selected
The Set Button As Selected action sets the focus for a button without showing or hiding menu blocks. A
button that receives focus will appear in the selected state. The button that was previously in the selected
state will return to the normal state when this action is executed.
Property
Description
Focus Button Choose which button will receive focus from a list of all buttons in your project.
This action can be used with any other action.
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Title playback actions
Title playback actions directly affect the playback of the Blu-ray Disc.
Fast Forward
The Fast Forward action causes the Blu-ray Disc player to fast forward the currently playing video
regardless of the user operations.
There are no properties to edit for this action.
Next Chapter
The Next Chapter action causes the Blu-ray Disc player to jump to the next chapter in the title. This has the
same effect as pressing the Next Chapter button on the remote control.
There are no properties to edit for this action.
Do not use this action with the Previous Chapter action.
Pause
The Pause action causes the Blu-ray Disc player to pause playback. This has the same effect as pressing the
Pause button on the remote control.
There are no properties to edit for this action.
Do not use this action with the Play action.
Play
The Play action causes the Blu-ray Disc player to resume playback from a paused state. This has the same
effect as pressing the Play button on the remote control. If the disc is already playing, this action has no
effect.
There are no properties to edit for this action.
Do not use this action with the Pause or Stop actions.
Play Chapter
This is the most commonly used of the title playback actions. This action causes the Blu-ray Disc player to
jump from whatever part of the disc it is currently playing and start playing at the playlist and chapter
specified in the action.
You must define at least one chapter in your playlist in order to use the Play Chapter action.
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Property
Description
Playlist Name Select a playlist.
Segment
Select a segment.
Chapter
Select a chapter.
Do not use this action with the Play PlayList action.
Play PlayList
The Play PlayList action causes the Blu-ray Disc player to jump from whatever part of the disc it is currently
playing and start playing from the beginning of the playlist specified in the action.
Property
Description
PlayList Name Choose the playlist to play when this action is executed.
Do not use this action with the Play Chapter action.
Jump To Point
The Jump To Point action lets you jump playback to a specified point in a playlist defined by the number of
seconds from the start of the playlist.
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Property
Description
Time in Seconds Type the time in seconds from the start of the playlist for the jump point.
Do not use this action with the Resume actions.
Toggle Play/Pause
The Toggle Play/Pause action causes the video to play if it is currently in a paused state and it pauses the
video if it is currently playing.
There are no properties to edit for this action.
Do not use this action with the Play or Pause actions.
Previous Chapter
The Previous Chapter action causes the Blu-ray Disc player to jump to the previous chapter in the title. This
has the same effect as pressing the Previous Chapter button on the remote control.
There are no properties to edit for this action.
Do not use this action with the Next Chapter action.
Stop
The Stop action stops playback of the disc. Only use this action in cases when you actually want to stop
playback of the disc and later cause the disc to resume playback from the beginning.
There are no properties to edit for this action.
Resume to Time in Playlist
The Resume to Time in Playlist action starts playback of a playlist at the previously stored resume point.
This action should only be applied to the Start event of a playlist.
There are no properties to edit for this action.
This action can be used with any other action.
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Rewind
The Rewind action causes the Blu-ray Disc player to rewind the currently playing video regardless of user
operations.
There are no properties to edit for this action.
Set Resume Point for PlayList
The Set Resume Point for PlayList action sets a resume point in the playlist at the moment the action is
executed. Executing the action again overwrites the previous resume point and sets a new one. Only one
resume point can be stored per playlist.
There are no properties to edit for this action.
This action can be used with any other properties.
Blu-ray only actions
Blu-ray only actions are used to access Blu-ray Disc titles.
Play Blu-ray Title
The Play Blu-ray Title action is used to play a custom Blu-ray Disc title other than the DoStudio BD-J menu
title. Playing a Blu-ray Disc title will cause the DoStudio BD-J menu to unload from memory.
You can only add Blu-ray Disc titles if you are using DoStudio EX.
Property
Description
BD Title Name Select the Blu-ray Disc title you want to play from the list.
This action should only be used if you understand how to author HDMV navigation commands in
movie objects otherwise you will never be able to return to the BD-J menu system.
This action can be used with any other action.
Subtitle actions
Subtitle actions are used to set the visibility of subtitle tracks included in your Blu-ray Disc.
Set Subtitle Track
The Set Subtitle Track action is used for Blu-ray Discs that contain more than one subtitle track. When this
action is executed, the specified subtitle track appears on screen when that title is played.
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Property
Description
Playlist Name
Select the playlist in which the subtitle track is contained.
Segment
Select a segment in the playlist.
Subtitle
Enter the number order of the subtitle track.
If your project only has one subtitle track, then the subtitle number is
1. Each additional subtitle track that you add in your playlist is
assigned the next highest number.
Although the Set Subtitle Track action requires you to specify a track number in a playlist, when the
Blu-ray Disc player jumps to the next playlist (if your Blu-ray Disc has more than one playlist) it will
keep playing the subtitle track that was selected. If you set a subtitle track to play that is in number
order 2, your disc will continue to play the subtitle tracks in number order 2 in subsequent playlists. If
the Blu-ray Disc player reaches a title that does not have a subtitle track in that number order, it will
default back to the first subtitle track. If a subsequent playlist does not have any subtitle tracks, no
subtitles will be displayed.
This action can be used with any other action.
Turn Subtitles On
This action makes the most recently viewed subtitle track visible on screen. For example, if you had
previously set your Spanish subtitle track to visible using the Set Subtitle Track action, and then used the
Turn Subtitles Off action to hide the subtitles, the Turn Subtitles On action would make the Spanish subtitle
track visible again.
If you have not previously set a subtitle track's visibility using the Set Subtitle Track action, the Turn Subtitles
On action will make visible the first subtitle track listed in your playlist.
There are no properties to edit for this action.
This action can be used with any other action.
Turn Subtitles Off
This action removes the currently visible subtitle track from the screen.
There are no properties to edit for this action.
This action can be used with any other action.
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Toggle Subtitles
This action toggles the visibility of the most recently selected subtitle track.
There are no properties to edit for this action.
This action can be used with any other action.
Primary audio/video actions
Primary audio/video actions affect the playback of elements that are found in the Primary Audio/Video
portion of your playlist.
Set Main Audio Level
The Set Main Audio Level action determines the volume of your primary audio track. The volume is defined
as a percentage that you enter in a text box as seen below.
Property
Description
Audio Level Percentage The acceptable range of numbers is 1-100.
This action can be used with any other action.
Set Audio Track
The Set Audio Track action is used to change which primary audio track is playing. By default, when you
play a playlist, the first audio track listed under Primary Audio/Video in the segment will play.
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Property
Description
Playlist Name
Choose a playlist.
Segment
Choose a segment.
Audio Track Number Choose an audio track.
The audio tracks have a number order. The first audio track listed under the segment is number 1, the
next audio track you add is number 2, and so on. If you set an audio track to play that is in number
order 2, your disc will continue to play the audio tracks in number order 2 in subsequent titles. If the
Blu-ray Disc player reaches a title that does not have an audio track in that number order, it will
default back to the first audio track.
This action can be used with any other action.
Mute Main Audio
This action mutes playback of the primary audio track.
There are no properties to edit for this action.
This action can be used with any other action.
UnMute Main Audio
This action unmutes playback of the primary audio track. The track that was playing when the track was
muted will be audible again.
There are no properties to edit for this action.
This action can be used with any other action.
Secondary audio/video actions
You can control the visibility of the secondary video using actions. DoStudio Authoring includes the
following actions related to secondary video:
Set Secondary Video
Use this action to turn on a secondary video track (PiP).
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Property
Description
Playlist Name
Choose a playlist.
Segment
Choose a segment.
Secondary Video Choose a secondary video track.
This action can be used with any other action.
Set Secondary Audio
Use this action to select a secondary audio track. This action must be used with the Turn Secondary
Video/Audio On action.
Property
Description
Playlist Name
Choose a playlist.
Segment
Choose a segment.
Audio Track Number Choose an audio track.
This action can be used with any other action.
Set Secondary Audio Level
This action sets the volume of the secondary audio. This action applies to all secondary audio tracks.
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Property
Description
Audio Level Percentage Enter a numeric value between 1 and 100. Full volume is 100.
This action can be used with any other action.
Turn Secondary Audio/Video On
This action turns on the visibility of the last selected secondary audio and video track.
There are no properties to edit for this action.
This action can be used with any other action.
Turn Secondary Audio/Video Off
This action turns off the currently visible secondary audio and video track.
There are no properties to edit for this action.
This action can be used with any other action.
Mute Secondary Audio
This action mutes the secondary audio.
There are no properties to edit for this action.
This action can be used with any other action.
UnMute Secondary Audio Action
This action unmutes the secondary audio (restores volume if the Mute Secondary Audio action has been
used).
There are no properties to edit for this action.
This action can be used with any other action.
Sound effect actions
Sound effect actions determine the playback of system sounds. These sounds are not part of the primary
audio tracks, rather, system sounds are small sound files that you import into your project from the Disc
Information Files and Groups tab and assign to menu elements and playlist events.
Play Sound
This action causes a system sound to play when the action is executed. Prior to using this action you must
import sound files into your project.
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To import sound files, go to Disc Information and select the Files and Groups tab. Click the Import Audio
button and select an audio file. You can import uncompressed LPCM files (.wav) to use as a system sound.
You are limited to 4 MB of imported sounds in your project. While this number seems small, the system
sounds are generally very short clicks, whooshes, and other types of sound effects that do not require more
than a second of running time.
Property
Description
Sound Effect Choose the sound file to play when the action is executed.
This action can be used with any other action.
Mute Sound Effects
This action mutes all system sound effects. It does not affect the playback of your primary audio tracks.
There are no properties to edit for this action.
This action can be used with any other action.
unMute Sound Effects
This action unmutes the system sounds. By default, the system sounds are audible, so you would only use
this action if you have also used the Mute Sound Effects action.
There are no properties to edit for this action.
This action can be used with any other action.
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System actions
System actions are used with the Advanced Parameter (APRM) feature available in DoStudio Authoring.
The actions affect the values assigned to APRMs during playback of your Blu-ray Disc. These actions are
intended for use by advanced authors. For more information, see "Advanced authoring" on page 131.
Set Advanced Parameter
In another example, you may wish to set up a YES/NO scenario to track whether your viewer has watched a
specific video clip on your disc. In that you would assign the Set Advanced Parameter action to something
like the start of your first title to set the initial value to NO then assign the Set Advanced Parameter action to
the end of the desired chapter with a value of YES.
Property
Description
APRM
Select which APRM to assign the action to.
Value
Enter the value you wish to assign to the APRM.
This action can be used with any other action.
Set General Purpose Register
This action will set a GPRM value that can be read via HDMV navigation commands in a movie object.
Property
Description
GPRM Number Enter the number of the GPRM to assign the action to.
Value
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Enter the value you wish to assign to the GPRM. Must be a positive number.
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This action can be used with any other action.
Add To Advanced Parameter
This action adds an incremental value of your choosing to an APRM value. For example, if the current value
of the APRM is 5.5 at the time the Add To Advanced Parameter action is executed, and you have entered 1
as the amount to add, the action will change the APRM's value to 6.5. You can use this action to count how
many times a viewer presses a certain button or watches a specific chapter.
Property
APRM
Description
Select which APRM to assign this action to.
Add Number Enter the value to add.
This action can be used with any other action.
Subtract From Advanced Parameter
This action subtracts an incremental value from an APRM value. For example, if the current value of the
APRM is 5.5 at the time the Subtract From Advanced Parameter action is executed and you have entered
the value of 1 to subtract, the action will change the APRM's value to 4.5.
Property
APRM
Description
Select which APRM to assign this action to.
Subtract Number Enter the value to subtract.
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This action can be used with any other action.
Multiply Advanced Parameter
This action allows you to multiply the current APRM value by a number you define.
Property
APRM
Description
Select which APRM to assign this action to.
Number To Multiply Enter the number you wish to use as the multiplier.
This action can be used with any other action.
Divide By Advanced Parameter
This action allows you to divide the current APRM value by a number you define.
Property
APRM
Description
Select which APRM to assign this action to.
Number To Divide By Enter the number you wish to use as the divisor.
This action can be used with any other action.
Random Number for Advanced Parameter
This action will generate a random number for an APRM's value. The random value will always be a whole
number integer.
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Property
Description
APRM
Select which APRM to assign the action to.
Seed Number
Define the range for the random number by entering a number
between 1000 and 5000.
Maximum Number
Enter the high value integer.
This action can be used with any other action.
Round Advanced Parameter
This action rounds the current value of an APRM up or down to the nearest whole integer. This is often
combined with the Divide By Advanced Parameter action.
Property
APRM
Description
Select which APRM to assign this action to.
This action can be used with any other action.
Absolute Advanced Parameter
This action will set an APRM's value to an absolute number. If you have employed several mathematical
system actions that could cause your APRM value to be a negative number, the Absolute Advanced
Parameter action will change the negative number to a positive number.
Property
APRM
Description
Select which APRM to assign this action to.
This action can be used with any other action.
Move APRM to GPRM
This action will take the value currently stored in an APRM and move it to a GPRM that can be read via
HDMV commands in a movie object. GPRMs can only be whole integer values.
Property
Description
GPRM Number Enter the number of the GPRM to assign the action to.
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Property
APRM
Description
Select the APRM you want to move.
This action can be used with any other action.
Move GPRM to APRM
This action will take the value current stored in a GPRM (set by your movie object commands or HDMV
commands in your IG stream) and move it to an APRM that can be read by conditions and actions.
Property
APRM
Description
Select the APRM to which you want to move the GPRM.
GPRM Number Enter the number of the GPRM you want to move.
This action can be used with any other action.
Move SPRM to APRM
This action will take the value current stored in a SPRM (System Parameter) and move it to an APRM that
can be read by conditions and actions.
Property
Description
SPRM Number Enter the number of the SPRM to assign the action to.
APRM
Select the APRM you want to move.
This action can be used with any other action.
Intellidisc actions
Open Web Page
The Open Web Page action causes a Web page to open in the computer's default browser when the Blu-ray
Disc is played on a computer in a soft player such as WinDVD, Arcsoft TotalMedia Theatre, or Cyberlink
PowerDVD. This feature does not work on set top Blu-ray Disc players.
Property
URL
128
Description
Enter a fully qualified URL such as http://www.sonycreativesoftware.com.
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This action can be used with any other action.
Animation actions
The animation actions define how a menu block will appear and hide from the screen. The menu blocks
animate from a position just off screen in the direction you choose: bottom, top, left, or right.
If you do not want to animate the menu block every time it shows or hides, but only at certain times, use
these animation actions that can be applied to a menu block at any time. If you want a menu block to
animate every time it shows or hides, use the menu block animation actions. For more information, see
"Menu block animation actions" on page 105.
Animate Menu Block From The Bottom
This action causes the menu block to animate from the bottom of the screen. Select which menu block you
want to animate and specify how many pixels you want it to move per frame of video. This action can be
used with any other action.
Animate Menu Block From The Top
This action causes the menu block to animate from the top of the screen. Select which menu block you
want to animate and specify how many pixels you want it to move per frame of video. This action can be
used with any other action.
Animate Menu Block From The Left
This action causes the menu block to animate from the left of the screen. Select which menu block you
want to animate and specify how many pixels you want it to move per frame of video. This action can be
used with any other action.
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129
Animate Menu Block from the Right
This Action causes the menu block to animate from the right of the screen. Select which menu block you
want to animate and specify how many pixels you want it to move per frame of video. This action can be
used with any other action.
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Chapter 9
Advanced authoring
All DoStudio Authoring actions are subject to conditional execution if you so desire. Conditional execution
is where the Blu-ray Disc™ evaluates a condition (audio track 1 is currently playing, subtitles are off, the
main menu is on screen, etc.) and executes a specific action according to the situation described in the
condition. Conditions allow you to create a Blu-ray Disc that behaves logically according to user input
rather than simply following a predetermined path.
The most common use for conditions is to determine playback settings (audio track, subtitle track, etc.) and
adjust the menu display accordingly.
If you are familiar with evaluating System Parameter Register Memories (SPRMs) in DVD projects, you will
find that conditions serve a similar purpose. Conditions are offered in plain language, so they are easier to
use. They are also more flexible and powerful since they are governed by BD-J code.
Conditions can be used to create sophisticated logic paths as well, which is useful for gaming, simulation,
and other advanced authoring techniques.
Using conditions
Adding a condition
Conditions can be added to any element that can receive an action. To review, actions can be assigned to
menu navigation buttons (Enter, Up, Down, Left, Right), remote control buttons (Play, Pause, Pop-Up
Menu, Rewind, Fast Forward, Red Button, Green Button, Blue Button, Yellow Button), Title Start, Title End,
and Chapter Start.
1. Right-click the element and choose Add Condition.
You can copy and paste conditions that you have assigned to menu elements. Right-click the
condition and choose Copy(or press Ctrl+C). To paste the condition, right-click the desired
menu element and choose Paste, or press (Ctrl+V).
2. Condition Details are displayed in the Control Panel. Conditions are essentially a comparison
between two values with an associated action that is executed if the condition is met. To set up a
condition, you must select the values to compare and click Save to save your statement.
In this example, we have set up a condition that checks if the current subtitle equals English.
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3. After selecting the values, you must click in the Condition Details tab to save the conditional
statement.
Field
First you must select a field to evaluate. DoStudio Authoring includes a list of common Blu-ray Disc
parameters to be evaluated. You can also create your own parameters by setting an Advanced Parameter
or APRM. For more information, see "Advanced parameters (APRMs)" on page 135.
The included parameters are:
132
n
Always Execute
n
Are Subtitles On
n
Current Audio Track
n
Current Chapter
n
Current Playlist
n
Current Secondary Audio Track (future feature)
n
Current Secondary Video Track (future feature)
n
Current Subtitle
n
Is Fast Forwarding
n
Is Main Menu On Screen
n
Is Paused
n
Is Player Profile 1.0
n
Is Player Profile 1.1 (PIP)
n
Is Player Profile 2.0 (BD-Live)
n
Is Playing
n
Is Rewinding
n
Is Secondary Audio/Video On
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n
Is the TV a 3DTV
n
Player Supports 3D BD-J
Operator
The operator is the comparison operation for conditional execution. For all of the included fields, the only
available operator is Equals to (=). When setting up an APRM, you can choose from a list of comparison
operators.
Compare With
The Compare With value is dependent upon the value selected in the Field drop-down list. Many of the
fields contain Yes/No comparisons, while others present a list of available elements in the project.
Condition
Compare With
Always Execute
Yes/No
Are Subtitles On
Yes/No
Current Audio Track
List of audio tracks in the project's playlist
Current Chapter
List of chapters in the project's playlist
Current Playlist
List of current playlists in the project
Current Secondary Audio Track List of secondary audio tracks in the project's playlist
Current Secondary Video Track
List of secondary video tracks in the project's playlist
Current Subtitle
Yes/No
Is Fast Forwarding
Yes/No
Is Main Menu On Screen
Yes/No
Is Paused
Yes/No
Is Player Profile 1.0
Yes/No
Is Player Profile 1.1 (PIP)
Yes/No
Is Player Profile 2.0 (BD-Live)
Yes/No
Is Playing
Yes/No
Is Rewinding
Yes/No
Is Secondary Audio/Video On
Yes/No
Is the TV a 3DTV
Yes/No
Player Support 3D BD-J
Yes/No
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Adding a statement
You can stack multiple conditions by clicking the New Statement button. This allows you to further refine
the conditions that must be met in order to execute the action. When you have more than one conditional
statement, you choose whether both statements need to met (And) or whether only one or the other
condition needs to be met (Or).
In this example, we have created a condition that determines if the current chapter is Title 2 – Chapter 1
and if the main menu is not on screen (Is Main Menu On Screen = No), then execute the action Show Main
Menu Block.
Editing or deleting a statement
The Edit button allows you to edit a statement you have already created, and the Delete button deletes a
statement from your condition.
Actions
The Actions tab is where you assign what action to execute when the condition is met. All of the included
DoStudio Authoring actions can be assigned to a condition. For more information, see "Using actions" on
page 103.
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Advanced parameters (APRMs)
In addition to the predefined conditional parameters included with DoStudio Authoring, you can create
your own advanced parameters that are specific to your project.
An advanced parameter is essentially a variable that you can create and store values in. Advanced
parameters are analogous to General Parameter Register Memories (GPRMs) in DVD, so we call them
APRMs for short. APRMs are far more flexible and powerful than GPRMs. Whereas GRPMs are a limited set
of eight 16-bit registers, APRMS are plain-language variables to which you can assign any value you want.
In this screen shot, we have created an APRM called HasTrailerPlayed to which we are comparing a value
of No in order to execute the associated action. In other words, if the viewer hasn't watched the trailer on
our Blu-ray Disc, then we will execute an action.
Creating an advanced parameter
Creating an APRM is simple; you just need to give it a name. An APRM is a variable of your choice, so make
it descriptive. You can create a new APRM in two different ways:
n
n
First, when you right-click an element in the tree and choose Add Condition, the Control Panel
presents a New Advanced Parameter button.
Similarly, the Disc Information Advanced Parameter tab lists the APRMs you have created for your
project. When you click New you are asked to name your new variable in a dialog. You can assign it
an initial text or numeric value. If you do not give it an initial value, its default initial value is 0.
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Giving an APRM a value
You can think of an APRM as an empty bucket. You can store anything you want in the bucket for later use,
but your bucket starts out empty. DoStudio Authoring includes a number of system actions for use with
APRMs.
For a complete description of the system actions, see "System actions" on page 124.
Using APRMs in a condition
Unlike the conditional fields included with DoStudio Authoring, which evaluate an empirical parameter or
state of the disc (Current Chapter, Is Main Menu On Screen, etc.), an APRM is a customizable variable that
can be compared to any type of value. Commonly, authors will assign integer values to APRM using actions
and then use conditions to evaluate the number value of the APRM and execute a command based on that
number. In this manner, APRMs are quite similar to GPRMs in DVD.
The system actions work well to manipulate APRM number values with simple math functions such as add,
subtract, divide, multiply and more.
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Alternatively, you can assign text values to your APRM such as Yes/No or True/False and then evaluate the
condition based on those values.
When you create a condition, you will see your APRMs listed in the Field drop-down list. Unlike the standard
conditional fields, your APRM can use a variety of operators to compare the value. These operators include
= (equals to), != (not equals to), < (less than), <= (less than or equals to), > (greater than), and >= (greater
than or equals to).
In the Value text box, you enter your text or numeric value to make the comparison. Click Save to save the
conditional statement. Use the Action tab to assign an action that will execute if the condition is met.
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Chapter 10
HDMV authoring
This document uses some terminology that is commonplace in Blu-ray Disc™ parlance but may seem
peculiar or confusing if you are new to Blu-ray Disc authoring. This document also uses some terminology
that is specific to DoStudio Authoring:
n
Subpath segments: A list of HDMV menu subsegments.
n
HDMV menu subsegments: HDMV menu-based segment lists that can be applied to any playlist.
n
Movie object: A collection of HDMV commands that controls the navigation of your disc.
Using HDMV Menus
DoStudio Authoring EX Edition can reference HDMV menus (.pes files) in the same way that DoStudio
Authoring can reference subtitle and audio files. Each HDMV menu reference can be associated with a
language if you choose. This allows you to create one HDMV menu per language.
HDMV menus are grouped by HDMV menu segments. To create an HDMV menu segment, right-click the
Subpath Segments node in the Playlist tree and click Add HDMV Menu SubSegment. Within the HDMV
menu segment, you can create one or more HDMV menus. To create an HDMV menu, right-click the
HDMV Menu Set node and click Add HDMV Menu.
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HDMV menu properties
Selecting the HDMV Menu node in the Playlist tree will present you with the HDMV Menu properties.
Item
Description
Name
The name of the menu.
Language
The language can be used to tell the Blu-ray Disc player which HDMV
menu to use based on the player's language settings. This is optional.
PES File
This is the HDMV menu file.
IG Project File
This is the project file for the IG Editor. When you click Edit it will
launch the IG Editor. From the IG Editor, you can then export the PES
file. DSA will automatically update the PES file based on your
exported file.
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Adding your HDMV menu segments to a playlist
An HDMV menu segment can be added to any 2D or 3D playlist. Simply select the playlist then drag the
HDMV menu segment to the Control Panel. The HDMV menu segment will automatically expand across all
segments in your playlist.
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141
Using the Movie Object Editor
After the .pes files are created you might need to use the Movie Object Editor to create your own movie
objects. Click the Blu-ray Disc Titles node in the Playlist tree and then click the Movie Object Editor tab in the
Control Panel.
Adding movie objects
Click the Add Movie Object button
to create a movie object.
Deleting movie objects
1. Select a movie object in the list.
2. Click the Delete Movie Object button
to delete the selected movie object.
Saving movie objects
Movie objects are saved to the dsamovieobject.domo file in your project's Content folder when you save
your DoStudio Authoring project.
Validating movie objects
Use the Validation window to check for errors in your movie objects. For more information, see "Validation
window" on page 38.
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Setting up a BD Title that references movie object numbers
All DoStudio Authoring projects contain the DoStudio BD-J Menu title by default. If your disc is not going
to use the BD-J menu system, and instead use HDMV menus created with the IG editor, you will need to
disable the DoStudio BD-J Menu title and add your own BD titles that reference the movie objects you have
created.
Disabling the DoStudio BD-J Menu title
If you are working with a DSA EX Edition project, the Disable DSA BD-J Menu check box is selected
for you. For more information, see "Creating projects" on page 29.
1. Select the DoStudio BD-J Menu title in the Playlist tree to display its properties in the Control Panel.
2. Select the Disable DSA BD-J Menu check box.
When this box is selected, DoStudio Authoring will not create BD-J files when you compile your
project.
Adding BD titles
You will need to add BD titles that reference the movie objects that you have created. To add a BD title,
right-click the Blu-ray Disc Titles node in the Playlist tree and click Add BD Title. A new BD title is added to
in the tree.
BD title properties
You will see a timeline view in the Control Panel.
Item
Description
Name
You can rename the title by typing a new name in the Name box.
Number
You will notice that each BD title has a unique number. Each new title
has a number that is one higher than the previous title. If you delete
a title, all of the titles below it in the tree are re-numbered so the title
numbers remain sequential.
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143
Item
Include In Title List
Resume
Search Permitted
Description
These settings are used if you are creating a simple play-only BD
Title. For more information, see "Setting up a play-only HDMV title"
on page 144. These settings are not used if you reference a movie
object.
Playback Type
Attached MO
This setting determines the movie object that is referenced by the BD
title. Each movie object has a unique ID starting at the number 0.
Simply type the numeric ID of the movie object in this field. You will
find the movie object ID in the Movie Object Editor. For more
information, see "Using the Movie Object Editor" on page 142.
Setting up a play-only HDMV title
DoStudio Authoring allows you to quickly set up a play-only BD title without requiring you to author your
own movie objects. When you use this feature, DoStudio Authoring automatically sets up the required
movie objects when you compile. This feature is useful for quickly creating review discs, dailies, or simple
video loops. This feature is not suitable for discs that require branching or complex menu navigation.
Adding a BD title
Right-click the Blu-ray Disc Titles node in the Playlist tree and click Add BD Title. A new BD title is added to
the tree.
Adding playlists to the BD title
You can add one or more playlists to the BD title by dragging them from the Playlist tree to the BD title
timeline in the Control Panel. If you add more than one playlist, the playlists will play in order from left to
right.
Item
Description
Name
You can rename the title by typing a new name in the Name box.
Number
You will notice that each BD title has a unique number. Each new title
has a number that is one higher than the previous title. If you delete
a title, all of the titles below it in the tree are re-numbered so the title
numbers remain sequential.
Loop
Select the Loop check box if you want the video to loop to the
beginning of the first playlist.
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Item
Description
If you do not select the Loop check box, the player will stop playback
when it reaches the end of the title.
Include In Title List
Select the Include In Title List check box to include the title in the
disc title list.
Resume
Select the Resume check box to set the resume intention flag to true
and allow playback of the title to resume at the point it was playing.
Search Permitted
Select the Search Permitted check box to set the title search flag to
true.
Playback Type
Use the list to select Movie or Interactive.
Attached MO
This box should be left blank when creating a play-only HDMV title.
If you reference a movie object in this box, DoStudio Authoring will
remove the playlists from the BD title timeline.
Blu-ray Title Setup tab
The Blu-ray Title Setup tab allows you to specify the First Play and Top Menu titles in your project. Click the
Blu-ray Titles node in the Playlist tree then select the Blu-ray Title Setup tab in the Control Panel. In the
section called BD Title Information, use the combo boxes to choose the First Play and Top Menu titles.
HDMV navigation commands
The following commands will be used to author navigation in your HDMV project. Each command is
identified as a Movie Object command, or an IG button command.
Command
Nop
Description
No command.
Nop commands are useful as label placeholders.
GoTo
Jumps to a specified command label.
Break
Stops executing commands in the current command list.
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Command
Description
JumpObject
Discards the current movie object and branches to the specified movie object.
Resuming playback of the previous movie object with the Resume command is
not possible after executing a JumpObject command.
JumpTitle
Discards the current title and branches to the specified title. Resuming playback
of the previous title with the Resume command is not possible after executing a
JumpTitle command.
CallObject
Suspends playback of the current movie object and branches to the specified
movie object. Resuming playback of the previous movie object with the Resume
command is possible after executing a CallObject command.
CallTitle
Suspends playback of the current title and branches to the specified title.
Resuming playback of the previous title with the Resume command is possible
after executing a CallObject command.
Resume
Resumes playback of the previously suspended movie object.
PlayPL
Plays the specified PlayList. Only available as a movie object command.
PlayPLatPl
Plays the specified PlayItem. Only available as a movie object command.
PlayPLatMk
Plays a PlayList from the specified PlayListMark. Only available as a movie
object command.
TerminatePL
Terminates the current PlayList. Only available as a button command.
LinkPl
Branches to the specified PlayItem. Only available as a button command.
LinkMK
Branches to the specified PlayListMark. Only available as a button command.
StillOn
Pauses playback of presentation graphics. Only available as a button
command.
StillOff
Resumes playback of presentation graphics. Only available as a button
command.
Set
Performs an operation using a source and a destination operand, assigning the
result to the destination operand.
Move
(Source) Destination
Stores a value (GPR, PSR, or immediate) in a GPR.
(Source) Destination
Swap
Exchange the value of two GPRs.
(Source) + (Destination) Destination
Add
Addition
(Destination) – (Source) Destination
Sub
Subtraction
(Source) * (Destination) Destination
Mul
Multiplication
(Destination) / (Source) Destination
Div
Division
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Command
Mod
Description
(Destination) % (Source) Destination
Modulus
Rnd
Random(Source) (Destination)
Generates a random number between 1 and (Source).
And
(Source) & (Destination) Destination
Bitwise AND
Or
(Source) | (Destination) Destination
Bitwise OR
Xor
(Source) ^ (Destination) Destination
Bitwise Exclusive OR
Bit Set
1 <bit number = Source> of Destination
Sets the specified bit of the Destination to 1.
Bit Clear
0 <bit number = Source> of Destination
Sets the specified bit of the Destination to 0.
Shift Left
(Destination) Shifted by <count = Source> Destination
Moves the Destination left by the specified number of bits.
Shift Right
(Destination) Shifted by <count = Source> Destination
Moves the Destination right by the specified number of bits
SetSystem
Sets system values for stream numbers, the Navigation Timer, and button
parameters.
SetStream
Sets the current primary audio, PG TextST, Angle, and Interactive Graphics
streams to be presented.
SetNVTimer
Sets the initial time (0-300 seconds) and starts the timer. When the timer
reaches 0, a jump operation to the specified movie object is executed.
SetButtonPage
Set selected button ID and/or set page ID.
EnableButton
Sets the specified button to its normal state, if currently disabled. Commonly
used to specify the topmost button in a Button Overlap Group (BOG). If the
specified button is in the same Button Overlap Group as the current button,
then commands after the EnableButton command continue to be executed.
DisableButton
Disables the specified button. If the specified button is the current button, then
commands after the DisableButton command continue to be executed. If no
new button has been selected before the end of the command sequence, the
page's default selected button is selected.
SetSecondaryStream Sets the current secondary video, secondary audio, and PiP PG TextST streams
to be presented.
Pop up Menu Off
Immediately displays the OutEffect of the current page if present, and then
removes the Interactive Graphics display.
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Chapter 11
DoStudio 3D Authoring Module
Add Blu-ray Disc™ 3D authoring to DoStudio EX with the 3D Authoring Module. This module supports BD
Profile 5, allowing twice the resolution of 3D on a standard Blu-ray Disc.
The 3D Authoring Module allows you to create Hollywood-style Blu-ray Disc 3D products. You'll be able to
create full menu structures, multiple audio and subtitle streams, and assign depth to pop-up menus and
subtitles.
3D terminology
This document uses some terminology that may seem peculiar or confusing if you are new to Blu-ray Disc
authoring. This manual also uses some terminology that is specific to DoStudio.
Base view
The base view is the left eye's MVC file. This MVC file is a full-resolution AVC file with additional
information that can be used by a Blu-ray 3D player.
Dependent view
The dependent view is the right eye's MVC file. This MVC file does not work without the base view file.
Setting up 3D segments and playlists
This section describes the steps to set up your 3D segments and create a 3D playlist.
3D segments
Adding a 3D segment
Right-click Audio Video Segments in the Playlist tree and choose Add 3D Segment. A 3D segment can
have audio and subtitles added to it.
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149
3D segment properties
When you select a 3D segment in the Playlist tree, its properties are displayed in the Control Panel. You can
rename the segment by typing a new name in the Name box.
You assign the frame rate of the video in your segment using the Frames Per Second list. The frame rate
options for Blu-ray 3D™ are 23.98, 50, and 59.94. Each segment in a Blu-ray Disc can have a different
frame rate.
3D segments also contain a path to an optional offset script. This script can be used to define the z-depth
of the menu when they appear on screen. This offset script can define a constant z-depth for the entire
length of the segment, or it can change the z-depth of the menu over the duration of the segment.
The Offset Usage list contains the following options:
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n
n
n
Keep Original – If your MVC file contains offset data it will take priority over the offset data in the
offset script.
Overwrite All – The offset data in the offset script will take priority over any offset data embedded
in the MVC file.
Update PTS Only – Updates the PTS values with values from the script file but maintains the offset
date in the MVC stream.
Primary video for 3D segments
3D segments require two video files. When you add a 3D segment you will see two empty video nodes in
the tree called Base View and Dependent View.
Blu-ray 3D accepts only one video codec called Multiview Video codec, or MVC (.mvc). MVC format
includes a full-frame 2D AVC stream, called the base view, and a secondary offset stream called the
dependent view. MVC streams are backward compatible with H.264/AVC, which allows standard 2D Bluray Disc players and software to decode stereoscopic video streams. They play the base view and simply
ignore the additional information contained in the dependent view.
The MVC format is highly efficient, and the dependent view only adds about 50% extra file size to the
overall stream.
3D playlists
Creating a 3D playlist
To create a 3D playlist, you use the same process as you would for a 2D segment. You can right- click the
3D segment to create a 3D playlist using the selected 3D segment. You can also create an empty playlist
and drag a 3D segment to it.
Once a playlist has a 3D segment on it, only 3D segments can be added. To change the playlist to a 2D
playlist remove all the 3D segments and then add a 2D segment. If you have a 2D playlist, only 2D and
slideshow segments can be added. To change it to a 3D playlist, remove all the 2D segments and slideshow
segments, and then add your 3D segment.
3D playlist properties
When you have a 3D playlist that does not have subtitles, the playlist properties will look and work just like
a 2D playlist, as you can see in the figure below.
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151
A 3D playlist with subtitles will show you four new properties that are related to your 3D playlist.
3D subtitles can be over the video, or they can be placed in the upper or lower thirds. Using the Top Offset
or Bottom Offset settings allows you to position the 3D subtitles. If all of the values are 0, then the
subtitles will appear over the screen.
Top Offset: This field is used to derive TopOffset. TopOffset is the vertical pixel value of the video window
from top of the frame.
Top Align Offset: This field is used to derive AlignOffset for presentation of Top Aligned PG textST stream
with subtitle aligned toward the top of the frame. AlignOffset is the vertical coordinate of the output video
frame where the active video window will be aligned. The top samples contained in the video window are
positioned at the vertical coordinate AlignOffset in the output video frame.
Bottom Offset: This field is used to derive BottomOffset. BottomOffset is the vertical pixel value of the
video window from top of the frame.
Bottom Align Offset: This field is used to derive AlignOffset for presentation of Bottom Aligned PG textST
stream with subtitle aligned toward the bottom of the frame. AlignOffset is the vertical coordinate of the
output video frame where the active video window will be aligned. The top samples contained in the active
video window are positioned at the vertical coordinate AlignOffset in the output video frame.
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Completing the 3D disc
To set up your disc so it will play your 3D titles correctly, you will need to set up the default settings
correctly. To do this, select Blu-ray Disc Titles in the Playlist tree, and then select the Blu-ray Title Setup tab.
BD3D Information
These settings only pertain to discs made with the 3D module. These settings tell the Blu-ray Disc player
what type of 3D video your disc contains and whether the disc should play in 3D mode on startup. For more
information, see "Blu-ray Disc titles" on page 57.
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153
3D Player Registers (PSRs)
PSR21: Output Mode preference
The PSR21 contains the Output Mode preference of the user. The user can set his or his player's setting to
play a movie in 3D or 2D by default. Navigation commands and BD-J applications cannot change the
value in PSR21.
Output Mode:
n
0 = 2D Output Mode for the user's preference
n
1 = 3D Output Mode for the user's preference
PSR22: Stereoscopic status
The PSR22 represents the current Output Mode and Subtitle Alignment of the Blu-ray Disc player.
When the value of Output Mode contained in PSR22 is changed, video output from the Blu-ray Disc player
will be changed correspondingly. When the value of Subtitle Alignment contained in PSR22 is changed, the
Subtitle Alignment will be changed correspondingly.
Output Mode:
n
0 = 2D Output Mode for the user’s preference
n
1 = 3D Output Mode for the user’s preference
Subtitle Alignment:
n
0 = Not Aligned Subtitle Alignment
n
2 = Top Aligned Subtitle Alignment
n
3 = Bottom Aligned
PSR23: Display capability
PSR23 represents characteristics values of the display connected to the Blu-ray Disc player. Navigation
commands and BD-J applications cannot change the values contained in PSR23. These values can be
automatically set by the Blu-ray Disc player before starting playback if the display device can provide them
through the interface. If these values cannot be obtained automatically, they can be set by the user. So far,
every Blu-ray 3D player sets these values for the user. You can rely on these values to be set correctly.
Stereoscopic display capability:
n
n
154
0 = The connected TV is incapable of displaying stereoscopic 1920 x 1080/23.976 Hz progressive
video and stereoscopic 1280 x 720/59.94 Hz progressive video
1 = The connected TV is capable of displaying stereoscopic 1920 x 1080/23.976 Hz progressive
video and stereoscopic 1280 x 720/59.94 Hz progressive video
CHAPTER 11
Stereoscopic 1280 x 720 50p video display capability:
n
0 = The connected TV is incapable of displaying stereoscopic 1280 x 720/50 Hz progressive video
n
1 = Capable of displaying Stereoscopic 1280 x 720/50 Hz progressive video
No glasses required for stereoscopic display:
n
0 = Viewer needs glasses to watch stereoscopic output mode on the connected TV
n
1 = Viewer does not need glasses to watch stereoscopic output mode on the connected TV
Horizontal display size (in centimeters):
n
n
n
0x000 = Undefined
0x001 to 0xFFE = Connected display's horizontal size in centimeters (0xFFE means horizontal 4094
centimeter display)
0xFFF = horizontal 255 centimeter or bigger displays
PSR24: 3D capability
The PSR24 represents the 3D capability of the BD-ROM Player. Navigation commands and BD-J
applications cannot change the value contained in PSR24.
Stereoscopic 1280 x 720 50p video capability:
n
0 = Incapable of stereoscopic 1280x720/50Hz progressive video presentation
n
1 = Capable of stereoscopic 1280x720/50Hz progressive video presentation
Stereoscopic 1280 x 720 CABAC decoding capability:
n
n
0 = Incapable of decoding stereoscopic 1280 x 720/59.94 Hz and stereoscopic 1280 x 720/50Hz
with the entropy_coding_mode_flag indicating CABAC
1 = Capable of decoding stereoscopic 1280 x 720/59.94Hz and Stereoscopic 1280 x 720/50Hz with
the entropy_coding_mode_flag indicating CABAC
Stereoscopic PG capability:
n
0 = Incapable of stereoscopic PG presentation
n
1 = Capable of stereoscopic PG presentation
Stereoscopic IG capability:
n
0 = Incapable of stereoscopic IG presentation
n
1 = Capable of stereoscopic IG presentation
Dialog region offset capability:
n
0 = Incapable of presentation function of dialog_region_offset of stereoscopic TextST
n
1 = Capable of presentation function of dialog_region_offset of stereoscopic TextST
BD-J capability during stereoscopic output mode:
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155
n
0 = BD-J incapable during stereoscopic output mode:
n
1 = BD-J capable during stereoscopic output mode
Secondary audio capability during stereoscopic output mode:
n
0 = Secondary audio incapable during stereoscopic output mode
n
1 = Secondary audio capable during stereoscopic output mode
PSR example
Move gpr55 psr31
And gpr55 1245760 (or 0x130240)
If gpr55 == 1245760 (then this is a 3D player)
Move gpr55 psr23
And gpr55 1 (or 0x1)
If gpr55 == 1 (then the TV can play 23.976 1920 in 3D)
If your glasses are not connected normally psr23 returns 0.
3D commands
SetOutputMode
The SetOutputMode command sets the output mode to 2D or 3D PSR22 (see "PSR22: Stereoscopic status"
on page 154). This command should not be use in the IG Editor. Always check if the player is a 3D player
before using this command.
n
0 = 2D Output Mode
n
1 = 3D Output Mode
Example:
SetOutputMode 1
SetStreamSS
The SetStreamSS command has the same function as SetStream command. The SetStreamSS command
sets values for any or all of the primary audio stream, subtitle stream, angle and IG stream to be presented.
In addition to the functions, the SetStreamSS Command sets values for subtitle alignment. This command
can be used only when the output mode in PSR22 is set to 3D. This command shall be ignored or treated as
Nop command when the output mode in PSR22 is set to 2D. Always check if the player is a 3D player
before using this command.
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Compiling and formatting your 3D disc
Compiling
When you compile your Blu-ray Disc with a 3D Playlist, DoStudio Authoring will automatically create an
ISO that you can burn to a BD-R/RE or mount and play back on a softplayer. The ISO will be found in your
.BD folder's 3DISO folder.
You can compile your 3D project to a 2D Blu-ray Disc by choosing Compile > Compile 2D Blu-ray Disc. You
can also click the Compile 2D Blu-ray Disc button the toolbar or press Shift+F6. Compiling your 3D project
to a 2D Blu-ray Disc takes less time than compiling to a 3D disc, giving you more time for testing.
For more information, see "Compiling your Blu-ray Disc" on page 63.
Formatting
When you are ready to format your disc for replication, DoStudio Authoring will not create the ISO and will
do the same steps as a 2D disc.
For more information, see "Formatting your Blu-ray Disc for replication" on page 67.
3D metadata offset file (.do3d)
The .do3d ASCII text file is used to position subtitles on the screen. Subtitles can appear at a fixed 3D
depth, or they can move in 3D space as the video plays. Each line is treated as separate input line. Blank
lines are allowed, and comments are allowed at the START of the line by using the pound key (#).
The .do3d text file is based on a sequence of depth offsets for duration of frames as seen below.
For every duration of frames (DOF), there must be the same number of offset sequences (NOS). In the
preceding example, there are 3 offsets. This means that it is important to group the various changes in
depth into equal numbers. For example, if we have a 2 minute, 24 fps video and there are 100 different
offset depth values, we can group the offsets into 10 NOS every 288 frames: 120 seconds x 24 frames per
second / 100 = 288 frames.
Each NOS is a positive or negative number indicated by + or – without a space between the number. For
example, +1 would move a subtitle in front of screen depth, and -3 would move a subtitle behind screen
depth.
The .do3d file doesn't include any information that points directly to the .dost file. The reason for this is that
the two are completely independent, allowing for subtitle playback on 2D and 3D players.
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157
The .do3d file is also used to create a depth map for the BD-J and HDMV menus, allowing the menus to
move with the 3D video.
The .do3d header
The header is includes just three important values:
#Version must be set to 1.00
Version 1.00
#NumerOfOffsetSequence will indicate the number of NOS per DOF.
#This means that EVERY DOF will have this number.
#In this case every DOF will have 10 NOS
NumerOfOffsetSequence
10
# Default offset direction used for those frame not described in this
script.
# Number of offset should be the same as NumOfSequence
DefaultOffset +1 +5 +10 +15 -1 -5 +15 +2 +10 +4
The .do3d body
The body is a list of DOF NOS per line, and each line is based on the previous DOF. Using our example of 10
NOS every 288 DOF, the first DOF would be 288, the next DOF would be 288, and so on. After the DOF,
include a tab character and then the NOS:
#DOF NOS
0 +288 +12 -5 + 14 -7 +1 +5 +15 -5 -15 -30
289 +288 +5 -7 +1 -5 +5 -15 +2 -30 -4 +5
577 +288 +12 -5 + 14 -7 +1 +5 +15 -5 -15 -30
If the DOF isn't even, we'd have the following:
#DOF(tab)NOS
# This indicate starting at 0 to 30 frames in the DOF
0 +30
+1 +2 +3 +4 +5 +6 +7 +8 +9 +10
# This indicate starting at 31 to 120 frames in the DOF
31 +89 +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 +6 +7 +8 +9 +10
# This indicate starting at 121 to 150 frames in the DOF
121 +29 +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 +6 +7 +8 +9 +10
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Chapter 12
Appendices
This section contains valuable references for working efficiently with DoStudio Authoring.
Using ImgBurn
In order to play your discs on a set-top player, you will need to burn a disc. DoStudio Authoring does not
include direct burning capability at this time, so you will need to use a third party burning tool. This section
describes how to burn a BD-R/-RE with ImgBurn, a popular freeware burning tool. You can download
ImgBurn from its official website at http://www.imgburn.com/. You can also use a commercial burning
application such as Nero Burning ROM or Corel's Burn.Now (included with the consumer-oriented Movie
Factory suite).
Regardless of the burning tool you use, you will need to compile your disc in DoStudio Authoring and then
burn the contents of the Disc folder as UDF 2.5.
BD-Rs are write-once media (the DVD analogy is a DVD-R or DVD+R). BD-REs are rewritable Blu-ray Disc™
media (like DVD-RW). BD-Rs are still rather expensive, so we recommend buying a few BD-REs for testing.
They are quick to erase and are reliable for many hundreds of sessions.
1. Start ImgBurn and click the Write files/folders to discbutton.
2. Choose File > Browse for a source folder.
APPENDICES
159
3. Browse to the Disc folder that is created when you compile your disc in DoStudio Authoring. The
Disc folder is found inside the yourprojectname.BD folder that is created when you compile. The
Disc folder contains two subfolders: the BDMV folder and the CERTIFICATE folder.
4. Click the Options tab and select UDF 2.5 as the file format for the burn.
Your disc will not play unless it is formatted UDF 2.5.
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5. Click the Labels tab and name your disc. This step is optional.
6. Click the Build button and you're done.
If your BD-RE already has content on it you will be prompted with a window asking if you want to
continue. If you click Yes, ImgBurn will overwrite the existing content.
APPENDICES
161
Your disc will play in any set-top Blu-ray Disc player that accepts BD-R/RE. Most Blu-ray Disc players
will play BD-R/RE. The Sharp Aquos players are the notable exception – they will only play replicated
discs.
Time-saving tips for burning test discs
You will generally need to test your menu authoring and navigation frequently, but you will not necessarily
change your video assets every time. DoStudio Authoring includes a time-saving feature that allows you to
turn video/audio multiplexing off when you compile. This setting is found in the Disc Settings control panel.
You must compile your disc with video and a first play image at least once before you can turn off
multiplexing. Then, if you are making authoring changes to your menus but not altering your video, you
may compile your disc quickly with multiplexing off, and DoStudio Authoring will keep your previous mux
but recompile your menu.
A second time-saving trick relates to burning test discs for playback on a set-top player. Again, you will
likely be authoring and testing your menu navigation more than your video stream. Author your menus first
with short placeholder video clips in the titles. This way, your compiled image will be much smaller – maybe
under a few hundred megabytes – and you will be able to burn a disc that much faster. When you are
satisfied with your menus, drop your real video into each title and recompile.
Testing your projects during the authoring process
In general, you will view and test your project on your PC throughout the authoring process using WinDVD
or ArcSoft TotalMedia Theatre. This is fast and convenient. It is important, however, to burn your projects
to BD-R/RE and test your discs on set-top players as well.
PC softplayers offer full-spec playback; however, they do not necessarily perform the same way a set-top
player will in terms of loading times, animation playback, and speed of jumping titles. There are also
performance differences among the various players currently on the market.
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The DoStudio Authoring engine includes benchmarking capabilities that test each player's capabilities and
adjust the animation accordingly; however, you will still encounter performance issues if you attempt to
have multiple animations on screen simultaneously, etc.
The Sony PlayStation®3 is the gold standard for performance. It is useful to have one in your studio for
testing. It is also good to have a mid-range profile 1.1 player on hand such as the Sony BDP-S300 or
similar. Finally, you may want to have a first-generation player on hand to test the worst-case playback
scenario.
Basic Blu-ray Disc specification information for authors
Maximum bit rate
As with DVD, calculating the total bit rate of your Blu-ray Disc is of paramount importance. The following
table compares the maximum allowable bit rates for Blu-ray Disc and DVD respectively.
It is important to keep in mind that your primary video and secondary video tracks must mot exceed the
maximum video bit rate of 40.0 Mbps.
Maximum video bit rate Maximum total bit rate
Blu-ray Disc 40.0 Mbps
48.0 Mbps
DVD
10.08 Mbps
9.8 Mbps
Primary video streams for 2D Blu-ray Disc
Frame size (pixels) Frame rate (Hz) Progressive/Interlace Aspect ratio
1920x1080
29.97
Interlace
25
Interlace
23.976
Progressive
24
Progressive
59.94
Progressive
50
Progressive
23.976
Progressive
24
Progressive
720x480
29.97
Interlace
4:3 or 16:9
720x576
25
Interlace
4:3 or 16:9
1280x720
16:9
16:9
Mandatory audio codecs for Blu-ray Disc
The Blu-ray Disc format adds quite a few new options for audio compression. The table below lists the
audio formats that are required for all Blu-ray Disc players, so your projects can make use of any or all of
these formats and play back successfully.
The viewer's actual hardware setup (Blu-ray Disc player + AV receiver) will determine whether they will
actually hear your beautiful 7.1 surround in 7.1 or whether it will be downconverted to 5.1 or stereo.
APPENDICES
163
It is important to note that some of the new audio codecs for Blu-ray Disc can take up a significant
amount of available bit rate bandwidth.
Codec
Sample rate
Bit rate
Channels
Linear PCM
48/96/192 Khz 27.6 Mbps
8
Dolby Digital
48 Khz
640 Kbps
5.1
Dolby Digital Plus
48 Khz
0.640 Kbps/4.736 Mbps 5.1/7.1
Dolby TrueHD
48/96/192 Khz 0.640 Kbps/18.64 Mbps 2/6/8
DTS
48 Khz
DTS-HD High Resolution 48/96 Khz
DTS-HD Master Audio
1.509 Mbps
5.1
1.509 Mbps/6.0 Mbps
6.1/7.1
48/96/192 Khz 24.5 Mbps
7.1
AACS for independent producers
For more information about the AACS process and fees for new Blu-ray Disc authors, please see the "AACS
for Independent Producers" wikipaper: http://www.netblender.com/main/resources/wikipapers/aacs-forindependent-producers/.
Exporting chapter markers from Vegas Pro
You can mark your chapter points in your Sony Vegas Pro timeline and export them to an XML file using the
Export Chapters script.
Creating chapter markers in Vegas Pro
1. Position the cursor where you want to add a marker.
2. Choose Insert > Marker. A marker is added at the cursor position and an edit box is displayed.
3. Type a name for the marker in the edit box and press Enter.
You can also insert markers by pressing the M key.
Exporting chapter markers from Vegas Pro
Use the Export Chapters script in Vegas Pro 11 and later to export your chapter markers to an XML file that
can be read by DoStudio Authoring.
1. Choose Tools > Scripting > Export Chapters.
The Export Chapter Information dialog box appears.
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2. Select the drive and folder where you want to save the file.
3. Type a name in the File name box.
4. Select XML Chapters List in the Save as type list.
5. Click the Save button.
For more information about importing chapter markers from Vegas Pro, see "Importing chapters from a
Sony Vegas Pro XML file" on page 55.
Exporting chapter markers from Final Cut Pro
You can mark your chapter points in your Final Cut Pro timeline and export them using Apple's Final Cut
Pro XML.
Creating chapter markers in Final Cut Pro
1. Place the playhead in your timeline at the location where you would like to create a chapter. Press M
to add a marker. Press M again to edit the marker's information.
2. Click the Done button.
3. Repeat this wherever you want to create a chapter.
Exporting chapter markers from Final Cut Pro
DoStudio Authoring uses the XML file that you can export from Final Cut Pro to import your chapter
markers. To export the XML file, select the sequence that contains your video and your chapter markers,
then select File > Export XML.
For more information about importing chapter markers from Final Cut Pro, see "Importing chapters from a
Final Cut Pro XML file" on page 55.
APPENDICES
165
BD Touch and DoStudio Authoring
A Blu-ray Disc created with DoStudio Authoring automatically includes BD Touch. This built-in technology
lets viewers use their Apple® iPhone® or iPod touch® to control the Blu-ray Disc using the BD Touch iOS
application. As an author you can download the free BD Touch Metadata Editor in the Smart Support Tool.
This application lets you add bonus content to your disc such as videos, .mp3 files, and photos that will be
transferred from the disc to the iPhone or iPod touch with the BD Touch iOS application.
Keyboard shortcuts
The following keyboard shortcuts can help streamline your work in DoStudio Authoring. The available
keyboard shortcuts are arranged in tables according to function.
Project file shortcuts
Command
Keyboard Shortcut
Start new project.
Ctrl+N
Open existing project.
Ctrl+O
Save project.
Ctrl+S
Print project report.
Ctrl+P
General editing shortcuts
Command
Keyboard Shortcut
Start Mosaic.
F3
Create main menu block.
F4
Import playlist.
Ctrl+Shift+I
Compile and formatting shortcuts
Command
Keyboard Shortcut
Compile Blu-ray Disc.
F5
Compile 3D Disc as 2D Disc
Shift+F6
Quick Compile
F6
Format Blu-ray Disc
Shift+F5
Window and layout shortcuts
Command
Keyboard Shortcut
Show Playlist window.
F7
Show Menu Elements window.
F8
Show Control Panel window.
F9
166
CHAPTER 12
Command
Keyboard Shortcut
Show Layout Preview window
F10
Show Layout Editor window.
F11
Show Validation window.
Shift+F7
Hide all windows except the Layout Editor.
F12
Load layout.
Ctrl+Alt+L
Save layout.
Ctrl+Alt+S
Set as default layout.
Ctrl+Alt+D
Load default layout.
Ctrl+Alt+R
Mosaic shortcuts
Command
Keyboard Shortcut
Import to DoStudio Authoring.
Ctrl+I
Add .psd file.
F3
Clear all
F11
APPENDICES
167
168
CHAPTER 12
Index
3
B
3D authoring 149
BD-ROM node 40
BDCMF 34
A
Blu-ray Disc Titles 16, 48
AACS 36, 164
Absolute Advanced Parameter 127
actions
assigning 104
Blu-ray only actions 117
burning Blu-ray Discs 159
button association actions 105
buttons
copying 104
actions 46, 105, 112
pasting 104
overview 12
removing 104
properties 41
Add To Advanced Parameter 125
adding
segments 71
C
Change Button Image to Activated 112
Adding a Condition 131
Change Button Image to Normal 112
Advanced Parameters (APRMs) 37, 124, 135
Change Button Image to Selected 112
Animate Menu Block From The Bottom 129
chapters
Animate Menu Block From The Left 129
copying and pasting 56
Animate Menu Block From The Right 130
creating in Final Cut Pro 165
Animate Menu Block From The Top 129
exporting from Final Cut Pro 165
animation actions 129
exporting to text files 55
Apply Horizontal Navigation 24, 45
importing from Final Cut Pro 55
Apply Vertical Navigation 24, 45
importing from text files 55
APRMs 37, 124, 135
Start action 56
Associate This Button To A Subtitle Track 107
Clear Menu Blocks from Screen 108
Associate This Button To Audio Track 105
compiling 63, 153
Associate This Button To Chapter 106
conditions 131
Associate This Button To Subtitles Off 107
Control Panel 27
audio/video segments 14, 48, 71
creating projects 29
INDEX
169
cropping subtitles 62
J
Jump To Point 115
D
Deactivate Button 112
L
deleting segments 71
language 38
Disc Information 32
Layout Editor window 26
display button actions 112
Layout Preview window 27
Divide By Advanced Parameter 126
layouts 22
Dolby TrueHD 79
Load new Set in Menu Block 109
.dost files 59
loading screen 57
DoStudio BD-J Menu 57
LPCM 79
E
M
exporting projects 30
Managed Copy 36
menu block animation actions 105
F
menu blocks 11, 41
Fast Forward 114
Final Cut Pro
exporting chapter markers 165
importing chapter markers 55
Menu Elements window 23
Mosaic 85
Move APRM to GPRM 127
Move GPRM to APRM 128
H
Move SPRM to APRM 128
HDMV authoring 139
Movie Object Editor 142
Hide Menu Block 108
movie objects 142
Hide The Active Menu Block 108
Multiply Advanced Parameter 126
Mute Main Audio 120
I
Mute Secondary Audio 122
image buffer 13
Mute Sound Effects 123
ImgBurn 159
importing menu graphics from Photoshop 85
N
Intellidisc actions 128
new project 29
introduction 7
Next Chapter 114
170
INDEX
O
saving 30
On Hide
types 29
menu blocks 42
Q
On Show
buttons 47
menu blocks 42
Open Web Page 128
Quick Compile 63
R
Random Number for Advanced Parameter 126
remote control navigation 24, 45
P
Pause 114
Photoshop 85
Picture in Picture 120
Play 114
Reset Current Active Menu Block 109
Resume to Time in Playlist 116
Rewind 117
Round Advanced Parameter 127
Play Blu-ray Title 117
S
Play Chapter 114
saving projects 30
Play PlayList 115
segments
Play Sound 122
adding 71
playlist 15, 47
deleting 71
Playlist End 103
properties 71
Playlist tree 14, 25
Set Advanced Parameter 124
playlists
Set Audio Track 119
adding segments 49
Set Button As Activated 113
creating 49
Set Button As Selected 113
disabling user operations 52
Set General Purpose Register 124
properties 49
Set Main Audio Level 119
Pop Up Menu 103
Set Resume Point for PlayList 117
Previous Chapter 116
Set Secondary Audio 121
primary audio/video streams 72
Set Secondary Video 120
projects
Set Seconday Audio Level 121
creating 29
Set Subtitle Track 117
exporting 30
sets 12, 43
Show Menu Block 110
INDEX
171
Show Menu Block Without A Focus Button 111
Z
slideshow segments 15, 81
.zip files 30
sound effect actions 122
sticky groups 45
Stop 116
subtitles 59, 81
actions 117
cropping 62
Subtract From Advanced Parameter 125
Switch Active Menu Block 111
system actions 124
T
technical support 7
title playback actions 114
Toggle Menu Blocks 112
Toggle Play/Pause 116
Toggle Subtitles 119
Turn Secondary Audio/Video Off 122
Turn Secondary Audio/Video On 122
Turn Subtitles Off 118
Turn Subtitles On 118
U
UnMute Main Audio 120
UnMute Secondary Audio 122
unMute Sound Effects 123
V
Validation window 38
video segmentsSee audio/video segments
172
INDEX
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