Water Factory Systems FaucetMATE Installation manual

Water Factory Systems FaucetMATE Installation manual
Series N4000, N4500, N5000
Installation Operation and
Maintenance Manual
WATER FACTORY SYSTEMS®
N4000, N4500, N5000
Reverse Osmosis (RO) Drinking Water Appliance
98-8807 0300
CUNO Incorporated
400 Research Parkway
Meriden, CT 06450
Tele: (203) 237-5541
Fax: (203) 238-8701
Introduction
This manual explains the installation and maintenance instructions for the water Factory Systems’
N4000, N54500, N5000 Series Reverse Osmosis (RO) Drinking Water Appliances. Please read each section
of this manual carefully. The specific model chosen should be appropriate for the local water conditions and
the customer’s needs. Check the Performance Data Sheet which specifies performance characteristics and
the conditions of use.
The Water Factory Systems’ undercounter RO drinking water appliances are designed to connect permanently to a home plumbing system. To ensure the installation conforms to your state and local plumbing
codes, it is recommended that the installation be performed by a qualified specialist for RO drinking water
appliances or a licensed plumber. Failure to install as instructed will VOID the warranty.
Caution: The RO membrane cartridge is shipped with a preservative solution inside. Make sure to
flush it thoroughly as directed before first use.
Table Of Contents
Installation Instructions
A. Determine the appliance location
B. Prepare the area for installation
C. Prepare the appliance for installation
D. Install the feed water valve and tubing
E. Prefill and sanitize the storage tank
F. Install the drain connection
G. Install the faucet
H. Make the faucet mounting hole
I. Mount the faucet
J. Make initial tubing connections
K. Install purification assembly and storage tank
L. Make final tubing connections
M. Install the icemaker hookup (optional)
N. Start up the system
O. Flush system of preservative and check operation
P. Cleanup, paperwork, and customer orientation
Appendix for basement installations
Installation troubleshooting
Installation diagrams, (Figures 1-6)
Operation & Maintenance Instructions
Important water quality assurance requirements
Replacing the filter cartridges
Replacing the RO membrane cartridge
Sanitizing the RO appliance
© 1995, CUNO/Water Factory Systems. All material herein may not be produced or copied in any manner without the expresse written consent of the publisher.
2
Installation Instructions
A. Determine System Location (Figure. 1&2)
The appliance can be located under a sink or
in a basement depending on space availability and
the customer’s preference. If a basement installation
is selected, additional tubing, hardware and fittings
may be needed and a hole will have to be made
from inside the cabinet, through the floor, to the
basement. Never install in an area of the home
where temperature is freezing as damage to the
system will result.
The exact placement of the various components of the appliance will vary from installation to
installation. The installer, in conjunction with the
customer, must decide on where to place the faucet,
tank and purification assembly by balancing the
homeowner’s convenience with ease of installation
and servicing.
Considerations for an icemaker or other
remote hookup should be predetermined, including
routing and any additional tools, fittings, and tubing
that may be required.
B. Prepare The Area For Installation
To save time it is often advised to call the
customer and request they clear under the sink prior
to arrival. Otherwise, remove supplies from under
the sink and stack them neatly away from the working area. Arrange a light for the work area, if necessary.
If a basement installation is called for, determine where components will be located and how
they will be mounted. Special mounting brackets
and hardware may be necessary to secure the system to a wall or ceiling joints.
Inspect cold water supply line and drain to
determine if any special fittings, in addition to what
is included in the kit, are required.
NOTE: It is a good idea at this time to check the
condition of the customer’s undercounter plumbing
for any existing or potential leaks. The customer
should be advised of any problem so there is no
misunderstanding of who is responsible.
C. Prepare The Appliance For Installation
Open shipping carton and remove components. Check that all installation parts are present
which includes the purification assembly, storage
tank, faucet, installation hardware and tubing.
Check that the air supply in the empty tank is
approximately 7 psi. Adjust if necessary.
If optional percent rejection monitor is selected,
probes should be installed at this time. Follow instructions that come with the monitor.
The saddle tapping valve supplied is
designed for use with 3/8” to 1/2” O.D. soft copper
supply tubing (plain or chromed) and rigid metal
pipe (see below). Do not use with flexible ribbed
supply tubing which has too thin a wall thickness
and requires special hardware. Optional feed valves
can be specially ordered from the factory for this
purpose. Also refer to figure 6 on use of the “Push
In” plastic fit- tings.
Soft Copper Tubing Installations:
A) Turn off cold water valve under the sink, or main
valve for the house.
B) Before installing saddle tapping valve, make sure
piercing lance does not protrude beyond rubber gasket. See instructions on bag.
C) Assemble both halves of saddle tapping valve on
copper tubing.
D) For 3/8” O.D tubing, use bracket with side projections to prevent distortion of tubing. Use “V” side of
bracket for all larger size tubing. Tighten screws
evenly and firmly - brackets should be parallel. Do
not deform tubing. See diagram.
E) To pierce soft copper tube, turn handle clockwise
until it is firmly seated. The valve is closed in this
position.
F) Turn on main supply valve to pressurize cold
water line. Check for leaks. With a wrench, tighten
nut/seal around valve stem.
G) Connect length of orange 1/4” tubing to the feed
water valve, using brass compression nut, insert,
and plastic sleeve. See diagram.
NOTE: For basement installations, a longer length
of feed water tubing may have to be used.
IMPORTANT: Some local plumbing codes may
prohibit the use of saddle-type valve connections. Optional feed valve assemblies can be
specially ordered from you supplier. See page
11 for further information.
Rigid Metal Pipe Installations:
A) Turn off cold water supply valve and drain the
line to prevent spillage.
3
B) Drill 3/16” hole at the desired location. To prevent
shock hazard, use a battery operated drill.
C) Turn valve handle clockwise to expose piercing
lance beyond the rubber gasket no more than 3/16”.
D) Assemble saddle valve on the supply pipe by
screwing the two halves together. Use the “V” side
of the bracket. Tighten screws evenly and firmly,
keeping the two sides of the bracket parallel.
E) Turn saddle valve handle clockwise to close
valve. With a wrench, tighten nut/seal around stem.
F) When you wish to open valve and supply cold
water to the unit, turn valve handle counterclockwise.
G) Connect appropriate length of 1/4” tubing to the
feed water valve, using brass compression nut,
insert, and plastic sleeve. See diagram.
NOTE: For basement installations, a longer length
of orange feed water tubing may have to be used.
E. Prefill And Sanitize The Storage Tank
Prefilling the tank is always recommended so there
is pressure to check for leaks and several gallons of
water to flush carbon post filter. Tanks are furnished
with a special disinfection capsule which sanitizes
the tank when it is filled with water. An instruction
tag will accompany the tank. It is important to use a
sanitizer when prefilling the tank so the solution can
sanitize the tubing, fittings, and faucet at the time of
installation and startups.
A) Insert free end of orange feed water tubing into
the “Push In” fitting on the storage tank.
B) Open feed water valve and tank and allow to fill
(about 3 minutes).
C) Turn off feed water valve and tank valve and set
tank aside (15 minutes minimum).
NOTE: If an alternative storage tank is used without
a disinfection capsule, it should be sanitized with
household bleach (5.25%). Use 1 ml bleach per gallon of tank capacity.
F. Install The Drain Connection (fig.4)
For Basement Installations See page 8
Undercounter Installations:
IMPORTANT: Before starting this procedure,
inspect the condition of the drain piping, especially in older homes where the traps and tailpieces can be deceptively thin and frail. If in
poor condition, it is wise to inform the customer
that the condition should be remedied.
IMPORTANT: Some local plumbing codes may
prohibit the use of saddle-type drain connections. See page 11 for further information.
The drain saddle assembly is designed to fit
around a standard 1-1/2” O.D. drain pipe. For smaller (lavatory type) or larger (ABS pipe) drains, consult the factory for special drain saddles.
The drain saddles should always be installed
above (before) the trap and on the vertical or horizontal
tailpiece. Never install the drain saddle close to the
out- let of a garbage disposal or plugging of the RO
drain line may occur.
A) Position threaded half of drain saddle at selected
location and mark the spot through the opening.
B) Drill a 1/4” hole at the marked spot through one
side of drain tailpiece.
C) Position both halves of drain saddle on drain pipe
so threaded opening lines up with the hole in drain
pipe.
D) Use bolts and nuts to clamp drain saddle onto
drain pipe. Do not over tighten and make sure there
is equal space between saddle halves on each side.
E) Wrap Teflon® tape on thread of drain saddle
elbow and tighten into drain saddle. Orient elbow in
the direction of RO faucet location.
G. Install The Faucet (Fig.5)
Undercounter installations generally require that the
faucet is installed with the air gap module. In basement installations, the air gap module can be eliminated only if one is provided elsewhere in the drain
line.
IMPORTANT: The Uniform Plumbing Code dictates that there must be an air gap between the
RO line and the waste drain.
NOTE: An optional non-air gap faucet, which
requires a smaller (9/16”) hole, is available from the
factory to make basement installations easier.
A wide variety of RO faucet mounting situations can be encountered, the most common being
stainless steel and ceramic on metal sinks. Consult
the factory for other materials encountered.
Teflon is a registered trademark of E.I. Dupont.
4
The customer should be consulted before determining faucet location. The faucet should be positioned
so that it empties into the sink and the spout swivels
freely for convenience.
If the sink already has a hole provided that
can accommodate the RO faucet, then no drilling is
required and you can proceed to the section on
mounting the faucet.
NOTE: With the customer’s permission, sprayers can
be disconnected to provide a suitable hole for the
RO faucet. A pipe cap or plug will be required to
seal the sprayer connection. A special kit which provides a sprayer for the end of the kitchen faucet and
an assortment of caps and plugs are available.
H. Make The Faucet Mounting Hole
IMPORTANT: It is mandatory that safety glasses
be worn during sink hole drilling operations to
prevent eye injury.
Before starting the hole making operation, always
check below the sink so that nothing interferes with
mounting the faucet such as reinforcing ribs, support
brackets or cabinet construction.
Stainless steel sink, faucet with or without air
gap module:
Recommended tools:
• Center punch
• Variable speed drill and high speed drill bits
• Greenlee chassis punch 7/8” hole size (alternate 9/16”
size may be used for faucets without air gap module)
Procedure:
A) Center punch a small indent at the desired faucet
location.
B) Slowly drill required pilot hole for the chassis punch.
C) Set up the chassis punch per instructions and tighten
nut to cut the desired hole size.
D) Clean up sharp edges with a file if necessary.
Porcelain/Enamel/Ceramic on sheet metal or cast
iron base; faucet with or without air gap module:
Recommended Tools:
• Variable speed drill
• Relton porcelain cutter tool set 7/8” size (alternate
9/16” porcelain bit may be used for faucets without
air gap module)
• Plumber’s putty
in this procedure. First, the glassy layer of porcelain
must be penetrated through to the base metal.
Second, a center disc of porcelain must be removed
while protecting the surrounding porcelain against
chipping or fracturing. Third, the base metal must be
drilled through to complete the hole.
Procedure:
A) Mark the center for the 7/8” hole
B) Form shallow putty dam around hole area and fill
with enough water to lubricate carbide drill bit.
C) Carefully drill pilot hole through porcelain/enamel
and base metal using carbide type pilot drill.
IMPORTANT: Always operate drill with light
pressure at slow speed (300-400 rpm)
D) Insert pilot tip of spring loaded porcelain cutter
into pilot hole.
E) Drill porcelain/enamel using spring-loaded porcelain cutter, making certain a complete ring has been
cut through the porcelain/enamel to the metal base.
F) Change to the metal cutter. With slow speed and
light pressure, cut away the inner porcelain/enamel
disc down to base metal. Make certain that the cutter does not touch outer rim of the cut porcelain/
enamel. Continue with this bit to cut through metal
until sink has been completely penetrated.
IMPORTANT: When using a porcelain cutter it is
critical to take precautions that it is always in a
sharpened condition. Dull cutters are known to
chip sinks.
I. Mount The Faucet (Fig. 5)
For basement Installations Without Air Gap
Module See Appendix
Undercounter Installation With Air Gap Module:
A) Familiarize yourself with all components shown in
the air gap faucet diagram.
B) Disassemble hardware from the threaded nipple,
except for chrome base plate and rubber washer.
NOTE: Rubber washer may be replaced with bead
of plumber’s putty for neater appearance.
C) Connect length of standard green 1/4” tubing to smaller
barb on air gap faucet. Push on firmly until it seats.
D) Connect length of black 3/8” tubing to larger barb
It is important to understand what is involved
5
on air gap faucet. Push on firmly until it seats.
E) Feed the air gap tubing and threaded nipple
through sink/counter mounting hole and orient the
faucet as discussed with the customer.
F) From below sink/counter assemble the white
spacer (open end up, open side toward air gap), flat
washer and hex nut on threaded nipple and tighten
by hand.
G) Back off on hex nut just enough to slide slotted
washer between white spacer and underside of
sink/counter (with open side of slotted washer closest
to air gap tubes).
H) After rechecking faucet orientation, tighten hex nut
(9/16” wrench or deep socket) until faucet feels secure.
I) From above the sink make any minor orientation
corrections by turning the faucet with a padded
adjustable wrench.
NOTE: Flats on chrome faucet may be used for
tightening with an adjustable wrench. Use care not
to mar chrome finish.
J. Make Initial Tubing Connections (Fig. 1)
For Basement Installation See Appendix
Undercounter Installation:
A) It is advantageous to make some of the tubing
connections at this time since access to the components is much easier now that the undersink area is
less cramped.
B) The orange 1/4” tubing should already have been
connected to the feed valve with a 1/4” brass compression nut, insert and plastic sleeve.
C) Connect 1/4” Blue tubing out of faucet to 3/8” x
1/4” union to 3/8” Blue tubing.
D) Connect the length of blue 3/8” tubing to faucet
fitting.
E) Route black 3/8” tubing from faucet air gap module to drain saddle so that it slopes continuously
downward without loops or low spots. Cut to proper
length and connect to drain elbow by pushing tubing
through nut then hand tightening nut onto body.
F) Connect length of yellow 1/4” tubing to “Tank”
connection on purification assembly.
K. Install The Purification Assembly And
Storage Tank
For Basement Installation See Appendix
to the right or left sink cabinet sidewall, taking into
consideration the space available and the tank location. Generally, the tank is placed in the rear of the
sink cabinet while the purification assembly is positioned toward the front for better accessibility.
To mount purification assembly elevate it at
least 2” off the cabinet floor, while keeping level,
mark the location of the mounting holes on the cabinet sidewall. Make small pilot holes with an awl or
drill and screw in the two mounting screws, leaving
just enough protruding to allow bracket mounting
slots to slide over them.
NOTE: If the cabinet sidewalls are not of solid construction, the purification assembly can be set on
the cabinet floor and held against the sidewall with
the mounting screws. However, the purification
assembly will then need to be lifted from mounting
screws in order to remove filter housings.
The tank may be oriented either vertically or
horizontally. It is generally placed to the rear of the
cabinet but can be set in the front center (between
the sink basins) for ease access if space permits.
L. Make Final Tubing Connections (Fig. 1)
For Basement Installation See Appendix
With all of the components in place, the final
tubing connections can be made. When routing tubing between components, several guidelines should
be observed.
• Tubing runs should generally follow the contour of
the cabinets rather then interfere with the cabinet
storage area.
• Strive for neatness and an orderly tubing “flow”
using fasteners (e.g. insulated staples) to secure
the tubing.
• Arrange the tubing so there are no sharp bends
and leave some “play” in the tubing for ease of
servicing, then cut tubing to the desired length.
• Try to keep the tubing from the purification assembly
to the tank and faucet as short as practical for good flow.
Undersink Installation
A) Connect orange 1/4” tubing from feed water
valve to “Feed” connection on purification assembly.
B) Connect blue 3/8” tubing from faucet to the
“Faucet” connection on purification assembly.
Undercounter Installation:
The purification assembly is usually mounted
Teflon is a registered trademark of E.I. Dupont.
6
C) Connect yellow 1/4” tubing from purification
assembly to storage tank.
D) Route special red “SFC” tube from purification
assembly module (factory made connection) toward
faucet. Do not cut this special SFC tube. Its length is
important to maintain proper efficiency and performance.
E) Cut the standard green 1/4” tubing from faucet air
gap and connect to 1/4” coupling fitting on the end of
“SFC” tube.
M. Install Icemaker Hookup (optional)
The RO drinking water appliance can be
connected to any standard refrigerator icemaker or
icemaker/water dispenser. It should never be connected to a commercial type bar icemaker.
Hooking up an icemaker involves connecting a
tee with shut off valve into the blue 3/8” faucet tubing
and routing tubing over to the refrigerator. Hooking up
to existing copper tubing is generally not recommended
unless it is less than 6 months old. If copper tubing
must be used, then installation open in-line carbon filter
at the refrigerator connection is recommended.
Before turning off the existing tap water supply to a refrigerator icemaker, always shut off the
icemaker first (usually by lifting the lever arm above
the bin to the uppermost position). The icemaker
should only be turned on again after the RO system
has been drained several times and the tank has a
full supply of water.
NOTE: Contact the factory for the availability of special icemaker hook-up kit.
IMPORTANT: Before any service is performed
on the RO system, always turn off icemaker
valve and the icemaker unit. Only turn on when
system is operating and tank is full.
N. Start Up The System
A) Double-check that all connections are secure.
B) Turn on feed water valve and check for leaks. If
any leaks are noted, turn off valve and correct
before proceeding. NOTE: If a leak occurs at
"Push In" plastic fitting refer to figure 6.
C) Turn on storage tank valve and open faucet until
a steady stream of water flows. Close faucet, wait
at least 5 minutes and carefully check for leaks.
Correct as necessary.
This is perfectly normal and is caused by air trapped
in the system. This will usually disappear within a
short time.
O. Flush System of Preservative and Check
Operation
A) Lift faucet handle and allow tank to drain completely of sanitizing solution. Do not use this water.
When tank is empty, the faucet will steadily drip.
This is the rate water is processed by the RO system.
B) With faucet handle in "up" position, measure the
rate of the steady drip from spout. Use a graduated
cylinder (in milliliters) and a watch with a second
hand to calculate approximate production in gallons
per day (milliliters per minute X 0.38 = gpd).
Proceed to check reject flow rate by disconnecting
tubing at drain connection and measure as per
above. The ratio should be a minimum of 2.5
(reject) to 1 (product).
C) Close faucet and reinspect system for leaks.
Instruct customer (or use special faucet tag supplied) to wait at least 4 hours and drain tank again.
The water should be discarded as it may contain
some preservative/disinfectant solution.
D) System should be ready to use\as soon as the
tank refills. If any objectionable taste is noticed after
second tank draining, instruct customer to wait and
drain tank the following day. Only at this time
should an icemaker be turned on if one is connected
to the system.
NOTE: If optional percent rejection monitor is used
and yellow light indicates service is required, several
tankfuls of water may have to be used to completely
flush excess TDS from the new carbon postfilter
before a green light will show.
P. Clean Up, Paperwork And Customer
Orientation
A) Clean up the work thoroughly. This is important
in leaving a good final impression with the customer.
B) Affix any special decals or stickers. Fill out the
warranty card. Be sure to record the house pressure and TDS for your service files.
NOTE: When the system is first turned on, water
may intermittently "spurt" from the air gap module.
7
C) Familiarize family members with the general
operation of their new RO drinking water appliance.
In particular, note the following:
• The faucet handle positions, down for momentary
flow, and up for continuous flow. Also, note the
moveable spout.
• The location of the feed valve and tank shut off
valve as well as the procedure for turning them off.
• Review the many uses of the water (cooking,
soups, juices, ice cubes, baby formulas, pets,
plants, etc.).
• Review the recommended maintenance schedule
as determined by local water conditions.
Appendix For Installations
The following variations are generally required for
basement installations:
I. Install The Drain Connection (Fig. 2)
For basement installations, the drain saddle
is generally not used. Instead, the RO reject line is
routed so that it drains into a laundry sink, floor
drain, or standpipe through an approved air gap.
II. Mount The Faucet (Fig.5)
If you choose to use the air gap faucet
included with the RO system, follow the faucet
installation instructions given earlier in the manual.
Do not hook up any air gap tubing to the faucet
since an alternate air gap will be used elsewhere in
the drain line.
If you choose to use the optional non-air gap
faucet, follow the instructions below.
A) Familiarize yourself with all components shown in
the diagram of the non-air gap faucet.
B) Assemble only the chrome base plate and rubber
sealing washer onto the threaded nipple.
(Plumber's putty may be used in place of sealing
washer for neater appearance.)
C) Feed threaded nipple through sink/counter
mounting hole (9/16" hole is adequate).
D) From below the sink/counter assemble plastic
bottom washer, flat washer, star washer, and hex
nut onto the threaded nipple. Hand tighten hex nut
until faucet feels snug.
(9/16" wrench or deep socket) until faucet feels secure.
NOTE: Flats on chrome faucet may be used for
tightening with an adjustable wrench. Use care not
to mar chrome finish.
III. Make Initial Tubing Connections (Fig. 2)
A) A proper length of orange 1/4" feed water tubing
should already have been connected to feed water
valve with a brass compression nut, insert and plastic
sleeve.
C) Connect proper length of blue 3/8" tubing to faucet
fitting (See "Push In" fitting instructions). Route tubing
through the floor to the vicinity of the purification
assembly location.
D) Route standard green 1/4" tubing from an appropriate drain connection (e.g. laundry sink, floor drain,
stand pipe) to intended location of purification assembly. An air gap must be installed between outlet and
drain connection.
IV. Install The Purification Assembly And
Storage Tank
The purification assembly is generally
mounted to the basement wall (using wall anchors)
or to wood ceiling supports. To mount the purification assembly, keep bracket level and mark the
location of the mounting holes. Install wall anchors
and/or mounting screws as required. Leave screw
heads protruding to allow bracket mounting slots to
slide over them.
The tank may be oriented either vertically or
horizontally and can be placed on a shelf, on the
floor, or suspended from the ceiling supports using
sturdy brackets.
An effort should be made to minimize the
distance between the tank and purification assembly
to assure an adequate flow rate to the faucet.
V. Make Final Tubing Connections (Fig. 2)
A) Connect 1/4" orange tubing from feedwater valve
to "Feed" connection on purification assembly.
B) Connect 3/8" blue tubing from faucet to the
"Faucet" connection on purification assembly.
E) After rechecking faucet orientation, tighten hex nut
8
C) Connect 1/4" yellow tubing from purification
assembly to storage tank.
D) Route special red "SFC" tube from purification
assembly module (factory made connection) to standard green 1/4" tubing from drain. Connect tubes
with the 1/4" coupling fitting on the end of "SFC"
tube.
Problem:
Causes:
INSTALLATION
TROUBLESHOOTING
Solution:
Problem: Leak at feed saddle valve.
Cause:
Not clamped tightly enough.
Solution: Tighten saddle clamp screws evenly and
firmly keeping both halves of the bracket
parallel. Be sure not to deform tubing.
Problem: Leak at drain saddle.
Cause:
Not clamped tightly enough.
Solution: Tighten drain saddle screws evenly and firmly.
Problem: Leak at threaded connection.
Cause:
Improperly taped or not tightened sufficiently.
Solution: Retape threaded portion with Teflon®
tape and thread in firmly. Do not over tighten.
Problem: Leak at push-in connection.
Cause:
Tubing defect or misassembly.
Solution: Remove tubing. Squarely cut off 1/4 inch
using a sharp razor knife and reinsert
(see figure 6). Be sure tubing is pushed
in fully until it seats.
Problem: Leak at filter housing.
Cause:
Defective or misaligned O-ring.
Solution: Shut off feed valve. Shut off tank. Open
faucet until it stops dripping or for a minimum of 5 minutes. Unscrew filter housing
and check condition of the O-ring. If misaligned, reseat. If damaged, replace.
Problem: Faucet leaks from spout with handle in
closed position.
Cause:
Obstruction or defective valve seat in
faucet mechanism.
Solution: Remove spout with a twisting/lift motion
and slide faucet handle forward over
spout hole to gain access to faucet
valve. Unscrew the tee-bar and slotted
bushing to remove valve. Clean out
obstruction or replace with new valve
mechanism as necessary.
No steady drip from open faucet after
tank is drained.
A) Feed water valve not open.
B) Feed water saddle valve not installed
properly.
C) Leak from any product water connection.
D) Icemaker valve left open before startup procedure completed.
E) Air still trapped in system.
A) Open valve fully.
B) Check valve installation making sure
needle has pierced tubing.
C) Correct leak as outlined above.
D) Turn off icemaker valve and wait until
faucet drips.
E) Wait for air to be purged.
Problem:
Causes:
Water leaks from opening in air gap module.
A) Drain line blocked or drain not drilled
through completely.
B) Air lock in air gap outlet.
C) Excessive RO reject flow.
Solutions: A) Check that drain line is clear of
obstruction and remove drain saddle
fitting to verify that the hole is drilled
through completely.
B) Blow air into air gap outlet using
short length of tubing.
C) Disconnect special SFC reject tubing
from faucet air gap inlet tubing and
check reject flow rate which should
be less than 175 ml/min. If greater
than 175 ml/min., replace special
SFC reject tubing with new one of
proper length.
Problem:
Causes:
Too little or no reject flow.
A) Special SFC reject tubing plugged or
defective.
B) Feed water saddle valve not open.
C) Obstruction in faucet air gap module.
Solutions: A) Replace SFC reject tubing with one
of proper length.
B) Open feed water saddle valve fully.
C) Remove air gap module and inspect
Teflon is a registered trademark of E.I. Dupont.
9
Problem:
Cause:
Solution:
Problem:
Cause:
Solutions:
internal flow path. Replace air gap module if necessary.
Chlorine or other unpleasant taste/odor after initial tank filling.
Residual preservative/sanitizer still in water.
Drain and fill tank several times if necessary.
Noise in drain ("gurgling" or "dribbling" sound).
Reject water dripping into standing water in the drain trap.
A) Make sure the 3/8" black drain tubing from faucet air gap module slope continuously downward
to drain saddle without loops or low spots.
B) Angle drain piping so reject water runs down side of drain pipe.
C) Change location of drain saddle to horizontal drain pipe or alternate vertical drain pipe farther from
Properly plug original hole. Caution: Make sure drain saddle is always installed above
(before) the the trap. (Fig.4)
General Undercounter Installation Schematic (Fig. 1)
Faucet with
Air Gap
3/8” Black
1/4” Green
Cold Water
Supply Only
Red SFC Tube*
1/4” Yellow
For best flow, keep
tubing from Tank to
Purification Assembly
as short as possible.
3/8” Blue
1/4” Orange
Storage
Tank
Sink
Drain
Purification Assembly
General Basement Installation Schematic (Fig. 2)
For best flow, keep
tubing from Tank to
Purification Assembly
as short as possible.
Undersink Area
Model 4000
shown
3/8” Blue
Cold Water
Supply Line Only
Floor
1/4” Yellow
Red SFC Tube*
1/4” Orange
1/4” Green
Air Gap device
(eg. Gap-A-Flow
Purification Assembly
To laundry sink
standpipe or floor drain
* Continuous flow units
use 1/4 standard green
tubing in place of special
red “SFC” tube.
Storage
Tank
10
Feed Water Valve Installation (Fig. 3)
(Important: See note on state requirements below.)
Insert
Nut/Seal
Plastic Sleeve
Compression Nut
Piercing
Lance
1/4” Orange Feed
Water Tubing
For 3/8” OD tubing use side
of bracket with projections.
For 7/16” - 1/2” OD tubing or
rigid pipe use “V” side of bracket.
Drain Connection Installation (Fig. 4)
Drain Saddle Elbow
Hole should be located
on top of the pipe.
Drain Saddle
NEVER MOUNT HERE
Mount drain saddle
at either location.
Drain Connection
(horizontal example)
NOTE: Some state and local plumbing codes may prohibit the use of saddle-type valves and/or drain connections. The
use of saddle-type valves are prohibited in: Alaskas, Delaware, Idaho, Kentucky, Massachussets, Michigan, Minnesota,
New Hampshire, North Dakota, Oregon, and South Dakota. Chack your local plumbing codes for any restrictions that apply.
Massachusetts CMR 248 strictly prohibits the use of saddle type valves. The feed water connection must conform to applicable
plumbing codes.
11
Faucet Installation (Fig. 5)
Air Gap Hole
Chrome Base Plate
Rubber Washer
Slotted Washer
Spacer
Threaded Nipple
Flat Washer
1/4” Standard
Green Tubing
Special Red
“SFC” Tube
From RO
Hex Nut
3/8” Faucet Adapter
Black 3/8” Reject
Tubing To Drain
Blue 1/4” Product
Water Tubing
Blue 1/4” Product
Water Tubing
How To Use ‘Push-In’ Connectors (Fig. 6)
Push-In Tubing Connector
This product is outfitted with user friendly "PushIn connectors. Proper use of the connectors is
shown in the diagrams.
To Attach Tubing
1
It is most important that the tubing selected for
use with these connectors be of high quality,
exact size and roundness, and with no surface
nicks or scratches. If it is necessary to cut the
tubing, use a plastic tubing cutter or sharp
razor knife. Make a clean square cut.
Grey Collet
Grey Collet
Tube
Tubing is secured in position.
To Release Tubing
2
3
Should a leak occur at a "Push-In" connector,
the cause is usually defective tubing.
To fix: • Relieve pressure.
• Release tubing.
• Cut off at lease 1/4" from end.
• Reattach tubing.
• Confirm connection is leak free.
Tubing is secured in position.
Push in grey collet to release tubing.
12
Operation And
Maintenance
I. Important Water Quality Assurance
Requirements
Reverse Osmosis drinking water appliances contain
treatment components that are critical for effective
reduction of Total Dissolved Solids as well as inorganic chemical contaminants. Water Factory
Systems strongly recommends that the user test the
water periodically (every six months minimum) to
verify that the system is performing satisfactorily.
Some models have a Percent Rejection (PR) Water
Quality Monitor to provide the user with a means to
test the water at any time. If a PR Monitor is not
used, your dealer may offer a bi-annual water testing service. Routine maintenance is necessary in
the form of prefilter, postfilter, and membrane
replacement, based on the following guidelines:
A) Sediment Prefilter, Carbon Prefilter, or
Sediment/Carbon Prefilter, optional Prolonged
Contact Filter (PCF Models), and Carbon
Postfilters - Change every six months to one year
depending on feedwater quality.
B) Membrane - Change as required based on:
• Built in Percent Rejection Water Quality Monitor
(PR Models only).
• A bi-annual testing service may be offered from
your dealer if a monitor is not used.
NOTE: Recommended maximum membrane
service life is 36 months.
II. Replacing Filter Cartridges
The life of prefilter cartridges generally depends on
local water conditions (i.e., dirt, rust and/or chlorine
levels) while the life of post filters is generally determined by the length of service.
When To Replace Sediment Prefilter
A) Every six months to one year. Check cartridge
after six months. If discoloration is observed on
inside core or a layer of sediment is deposited on
the outside surface, then the cartridge should be
replaced. Otherwise, replace cartridge yearly.
B) As a rule, private wells require more frequent
sediment prefilter changes while softened feed
water usually requires only yearly replacement.
C) Recommended maximum sediment prefilter service
life is one year.
When To Replace Carbon Prefilter
(4500 and 5000 Series Only)
The carbon prefilter removes free chlorine from the
feedwater supply to protect the TFCM membrane from
chlorine attack. To find out the chlorine level in a
water supply, the water should be tested for free chlorine or call the public water supplier.
A) With free chlorine levels up to 1mg/L, the carbon
prefilter should be changed every year.
B) With free chlorine levels exceeding 1 mg/L, the carbon prefilter should be changed every six months.
When To Replace Carbon Postfilter
A) If the filter is being used to control tastes and
odors, replace every year.
B) If the filter is being used to meet standards for chlo
ramines, change every six months.
C) If the filter is being used to meet standards for a
regulated organic chemical contaminant, then
replacement should be based on a monitoring
program established with a public health agency.
How To Replace Prefilter And Postfilter Cartridges
Replacement of filter cartridges generally requires:
• New replacement cartridges
• Water Factory filter wrench or equivalent
• Replacement O-rings for filter housing(s)
• Cleaning brush (optional)
• Sanitizing supplies (See Section IV)
• Cloth or sponge to clean up any spillage
• Removal of the purification assembly from its location
A) Open faucet to drain tank and turn off feed water.
Wait five minutes for purification assembly to
depressurize.
B) Using filter wrench, unscrew the filter bowl, counterclockwise viewed from the bottom.
C) Discard water in bowl and the used filter car
tridge. Set O-ring(s) aside.
D) Scrub inside filter bowl with a brush using hot
water and a mild detergent. Rinse thoroughly.
E) Insert new filter replacement cartridge and follow
instructions for sanitizing the purification assembly. Replace O-ring(s) if necessary. Note: Orings should be lubricated before putting into
service using a food grade silicone lubricant or glycerin.
F) Attach filter bowls to proper purification assembly
head(s).
13
G) Turn on feed water and carefully check for
leaks.
Section IV.
IV. RO Appliance Sanitization
III. Replacing RO Membrane Module
The life of the RO membrane depends on local
water chemistry and proper maintenance, e.g., regular filter changes. Under typical conditions, the RO
membrane life ranges from 18 months to three
years. Unlike filter cartridges, membrane life is not
determined by the amount of water used because of
its self-cleaning feature.
When To Replace The RO Membrane Module
A) As determined by a built-in percent rejection (PR)
monitor. The monitor is factory preset so that a
green light will be displayed when the water quality
is good, and a red or yellow light indicates that
replacement may be necessary. If a red or yellow
light is displayed, the faucet should be opened and
the storage tank drained. After it has refilled, check
the system again. If a red or yellow light is still dis
played, the RO membrane module should be
replaced.
B) If a Percent Rejection Monitor is not used, your
dealer or supplier may offer a bi-annual testing
service. NOTE: Recommended maximum membrane
service life is 36 months.
How To Replace The Membrane Module
Replacement of the RO membrane module generally
requires:
• New replacement membrane module of the
same type and specification
• Sanitizing supplier (See Section IV)
• Removal of the purification assembly from its
location
A) Open faucet to drain tank completely and turn off
feed water. Wait five minutes for purification
assembly to completely depressurize.
B) Disconnect tubing from all three connections on
membrane module.
C) Remove RO membrane module from clips and
discard.
D) Position replacement module above clips and
push into place. If necessary, rotate module so
fittings are aligned with respective tubing.
E) Insert each tubing end into respective "Push-In"
connector as far as it will go. (Figs. 6)
F) Follow sanitizing and start-up procedures for the
storage tank and purification assembly outlined in
To assure the highest quality water from your Water
Factor RO drinking water appliance, it is important to
routinely sanitize both the storage tank and the purification assembly. NOTE: The following procedures
are intended to be part of a routine maintenance program only and not designed to disinfect systems that
have become highly contaminated from misuse.
When To Sanitize The Storage Tank
A) Upon start-up as described in Section N of the
Installation Manual. NOTE: Standard Watery
Factory RO storage tanks incorporate a special
sanitizer which is activated when the storage tank
is initially filled. See Section 6.
B) After any servicing or routine maintenance which
involves the membrane, postfilter(s), tank, or faucet.
When To Sanitize The Purification Assembly:
A) After any servicing or routine maintenance which
involves the prefilter(s) or membrane.
B) After any extended period of non-use (over 30 days).
How To Sanitize The Storage Tank
Sanitizing the storage tank generally requires:
• The Water Factory Tank Sanitizing Unit (P/N
50011) or equivalent device such as an empty filter
housing with fittings and tubing.
• Common household bleach (5.25% - NON
scented)
• Measuring spoon or 0-10 ml graduated cylinder
A) Shut off feed water and open the RO faucet to
empty out any water in the tank (it should feel
"light").
B) Turn off RO faucet and valve at the top of tank.
Disconnect tube to tank. Refer to use of special
"Push-In" connectors (Fig. 6). Remove tank from
its location and drain into sink by turning upside
down and opening valve. Make sure outlet fitting
is pointing away from your face and into the sink.
C) Make sure feedwater is off completely and dis
connect feed tubing from purification assembly.
Connect end of feedwater line to sanitizing device
and tank as show in diagram.
D) Fill the sanitizer device with the following recommended dosage of common household bleach:
14
Standard 2.5 gallon tank - 1/2 teaspoon (3 ml)
Alternate size tanks -1/2 teaspoon (3 ml) per 2.5
gallons of tank capacity.
E) Turn on the feed water valve to force water and
sanitizer into the tank. Allow about three minutes
of fill time for a standard 2.5 gallon tank. (It
should feel heavy.)
F) The sanitizer should remain in the tank a minimum
of 15 minutes. Turn off feed valve and tank valve.
Disconnect the sanitizing device, reinstall the storage tank, and reconnect feed tubing.
G) Turn on feed valve to pressurize system. Turn on
tank valve and open faucet to drain tank of sanitizing
solution. When tank is empty, the faucet should
steadily drip.
H) Close faucet and allow tank to fill for at least six
hours. Drain tank again and discard water. The
appliance should be ready to use as soon as the
tank refills. If any objectionable taste is noticed,
drain tank again and allow to refill.
How To Sanitize The Purification Assembly
Sanitizing the purification assembly generally
requires:
• New prefilter cartridge(s) and filter housing O-ring(s)
• Water Factory filter wrench or equivalent
• Common household bleach (5.25% - NON scented)
• Measuring spoon or 0-10 ml graduated cylinder
• Removal of the purification assembly from its
location
• Cloth or sponge to wipe up any spillage
A) Shut off feed water and open RO faucet to empty
tank
B) Follow instructions on changing prefilter
C) Before attaching filter bowl(s) with new cartridge(s),
pour one teaspoon (5 ml) of household bleach into
the center of the filter cartridge(s).
NOTE: For 4500 and 5000 Series appliances, it is
important that the bleach be poured directly down
the center of the carbon prefilter cartridge to fill the
small receptacle at the bottom of the bowl. When
attaching the bowl, always keep upright to prevent
spilling the bleach.
A) Allow system to run for at least six hours. Drain
tank and discard water. The appliance should be
ready to use as soon as the tank refills. If any
objectionable taste is noticed, drain tank again
and allow to refill.
15
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