Untitled
www.enver.org.tr
Energy Efficiency Association
Efficiency-based
activities
are
becoming
more
common around the world. All countries and big
organizations have been spending (using) high budgets on research and development in this area. Several
institutors and organizations are working on energy
efficiency in our country.
The Energy Efficiency Association is a non-governmental organization. Its primary purpose is to create awareness in people, helping them to use energy
efficiently and productively. Furthermore, it aims to
continually conduct scientific research and also to
increase public knowledge by sharing those findings
with public enterprises and citizens
The Association; organizes successful campaigns,
promotions and activities with the strong management and qualified technical infrastructure; it is already able to awareness about energy efficiency on the
community in short time.
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www.enerjihanim.com
Small step for ladies,
Great energy savings
for your country.
“Energy Lady”
Repuplic of Turkey
Ministry of Family and
Social Policy
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“Energy Lady” project with an emphasis on energy
efficiency efforts, especially in homes across the
country, including our women learn to use energy
efficiently and thus prior to the household economy,
is intended to contribute to the country’s economy
Reached 34 thousand women in 21 provinces of the
campaign, tens of thousands of women and to raise
awareness of home energy consumption reduction is
achieved
“With little savings, reduce your
annual power consumption rate of
1 in 4 is possible. This first-quarter
gold for your family, 4 billion lira for
Turkey’s economy means profit. “
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APPLICATION FOR HOME
ENERGY EFFICIENCY TO BE
HELD AREAS
1. Oven
2.Refrigerator
3.Dishwashers
4. Electric Water Heater (Kettle)
5.Television
6. Air Conditioner
7.Lighting
8. Washing Machine
9. Flat Iron
10.Vacuum Cleaner
11.Hair Dryer
12.Electric Heaters (Water Heater, Boilers)
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1. OWEN
• Do not frequently open or close oven lid and do not
leave the lid open for a long time!
• Turn off the oven a few minutes before the cooking
time, your meal will continue to be cooked!
• Do not perform pre-heating unless necessary!
• You can cook several meals simultaneously in the
oven, so that you will have performed more work in
lesser time!
• Cooking meals at lower temperatures will take time
but their taste will increase!
• Close the lids of pans or broilers, so that their vapor
will not go away! (“Close the lid and do not let
energy to vaporize”).
• You reduce oven temperature by 15 degrees by
using glass and ceramic ovenware!
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2. REFRIGERATOR
• Adjust the freezer and cooling temperatures correctly.
• Do not place the refrigerator close to other
electricity appliances; this will reduce the
refrigerator’s temperature!
• Place food in refrigerator in closed cans and do not
leave its door open
• Do not open and close the refrigerator door
frequently!
• Place your food in the refrigerator after they
become cold, so that neither your food nor your
refrigerator will get corrupt.
• The temperature of the cooling department should
be 4-5 degrees and that of the freezer department should be -20 -18 degrees.
• Keep it away from places receiving sunlight,
radiators and sources of heat so that your energy
consumption will decrease by 25%.
• Keep it full and place its contents orderly as much
as possible!
• Regularly clean and perform maintenance for your
refrigerator!
• Choose a cooler at desired dimensions, more is not
needed!
• Models with deep freezers at the top or bottom are
more efficient than the ones having them laterally.
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3.DISHWASHERS
• Do not wash your dishes with hand, use a machine!
• Fill up the machine, let it run will full capacity!
• Connect the water inlet to hot water!
• Use a program with economic rotation and low temperature, you dishes will become
spotlessly clean!
• The most efficient washing temperature for dishes
is 50 degrees.
• Do not forget to clean the filter and discharge
sections!
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4. ELECTRIC WATER
HEATER (Kettle)
• Unplug your device when not in use!
• Frequently clean the accumulating limes and
residues!
• Heat only the needed water amount!
• Use the device with a filter!
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5.TELEVISION
• Close the television from its button, not using the remote controller!
• Keep television sound low!
6. AIR CONDITIONER
• Use and air conditioner with an electronic thermostat!
• Use it when necessary in a controlled manner!
• Perform regular cleaning and maintenance on it!
• Place its external unit in a protected location!
• Do not let your air conditioner receive direct sunlight.
• Prefer low capacity models that conforms to the surrounding space!
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7. LIGHTING
• Make sure to switch-off any lamp you are not using!
• Try to utilize solar energy; this is also important for your health!
• Use controlled lighting and energy saving bulbs!
• Use partial lighting instead of general lighting at home!
• Use a lamp with high power instead of several ones with low powers!
• Try not to make decorative lighting!
• Lighting yourself efficiently if you do not want the dark.
• Make use of daylight and use lighting with sensors.
• Efficient lamp means efficient energy.
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8. WASHING MACHINE
• Fill up the machine, let it run will full capacity!
• Use economic and short programs, you will save time!
• Prefer lower temperature, so that your laundries will not wear-off!
• Perform maintenance for your machines regularly, their lifetime will increase!
• Prefer front-loaded models instead of top-loaded models!
• Use less detergent and protect your health!
• Lower temperature means laundries will have longer lifetime.
• Short programs will save both money and time.
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9. FLAT IRON
• Choose a model with vapor adjustment and high vapor capacity!
• It is important that it has thermostat adjustment!
• 5 minutes before of the end of your work, unplug
iron and complete the remaining work.
• Iron your laundries are wet, they can be ironed easier!
• It is base material should be scratch-proof coating!
• It is important that it can clean the lime layer on its own!
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10. VACUUM CLEANER
• Empty its bag frequently!
• Renew worn-out brushes!
• Prefer vacuum cleaners with water reservoirs instead of those with bags!
• Do not forget to clean the engine, brush and
pipe departments!
• Keep in mind that vacuum cleaners can also operate at lower power!
11. HAIR DRYER
• Dry your hair thoroughly with towel and then use the machine!
• Try drying at low temperature and for shorter time, you can also prevent damages to your hair by doing this!
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12. ELECTRİC HEATERS
(Water Heater, Boilers)
• Your water heater should be close to the place of use (maximum 6 meters)
• Do not forget to have your hot water pipes isolated!
• Adjust the thermostat temperature to a maximum of 50 degrees!
• Do not forget to power-off water heaters such as geysers and boilers when going to holiday!
• Attach non-return valves to hot and cold water connections!
• Pay attention to water leakages, repair if any!
• Operate boilers when they are full.
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GENERAL RULES ON ENERGY
EFFICIENCY AT HOMES
• Paying attention that white appliances are of ENERGY EFFICIENT CLASS as they are bought;
• Depending on the product class,
A/A+/A++/A++/A+++ signs on white appliances point to the lowest energy consumption. We thus have to prefer WHITE APPLIANCES that use minimum energy when we buy them.
• Leaving at least 5 centimeter vacant space at the
back and on the sides when placing white appliances.
• Using double-glaze windows or weather strips for windows.
• Leaving vacant space in front of the radiator.
• Installing thermostatic valves on radiators. (this will
allow adjusting room temperatures).
• Making building isolation.
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www.enerjicocuk.org
“Energy Kid”
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Energy efficiency studies, with particular emphasis
primarily at home, including children is located in
environment energy by children efficiently in order
to use our children’s energy use and consumption
raise awareness and children about energy efficiency
economy of the country to contribute to the ensuring
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ACTIVITIES TO BE
IMPLEMENTED
UNDER THE PROJECT:
1.Every school club establishment of the
Energy Efficiency
2.Establishment of Energy Children’s Board
3.Creating Energy Kid Leader
4.Energy Efficiency stories and projects on the
regulation of competition
5.Energy Kid Naz Cartoon Study
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WE LEARN TO BE ENERGY
EFFICIENT, FROM
ENERGY KID NAZ
• Do not forget to turn off lights whenever they are
not needed.
• Open the curtains and let’s make daylight
entering the room.
• Open shades and curtains on sunny winter days
to let the sun shine in.
• Turn on your computer only when you are going
to use it. Warn your friends who forget to turn off their computer.
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WE LEARN TO BE ENERGY
EFFICIENT, FROM
ENERGY KID NAZ
• Do not forget to turn off when we were not
watching television.
• Televisions, computers and all household appliances should be manually turned off by using the
power button.
• Although the use of electrical appliances that are plugged in, removing the plug from the socket we want to help our growns.
• We should remind of using efficient light bulb
to our family
• A new glass of water to drink every time I do not use the dishwasher empty space we get more work.
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WE LEARN TO BE ENERGY
EFFICIENT, FROM
ENERGY KID NAZ
• Set the heater to 21°C to prevent energy loss and
dress for the weather. Ask your parents to lower the temperature when it is too hot.
• Will not keep the refrigerator door open unnecessarily.
• Separate dirty and clean clothes to prevent unnecessary washing.
• Keep doors and windows shut to prevent cold air entering the house and heated air escaping.
• Let’s keep an open front radiators Allow spread the
heat well
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“Energy Efficient
Industrial”
TOP
ORGANIZATION
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Our country’s energy consumption is increasing each
passing day. Our companies, with using energy efficiently, can reduce energy bills by over 30 percent. In
this way, over the next decade it is able to contribute
65 billion TL to the national economy.
What can be done
with 65 Billion TL?
• 6 units Nuclear Power Plant • 10 pieces Bosphorus Bridge
• 7 Atatürk Dams
• 16.000 schools
• 10 Airports
• 3.200 full-fledged hospitals
Our goal is to reduce foreign dependence on energy.
Environmentally conscious, environmentally friendly
industries, sustainable development and in 2023 Turkey
which will be among the world’s top 10 economies!
Turkey and for the future of our children, it’s now time
to start promoting energy efficiency projects. Now it’s
time for more production with less energy.
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EFFICIENCY
OPPORTUNITIES
1. Furnace systems
2. Boiler systems
3. Steam systems
4. Drying systems
5. Cooling systems
6. Heating, ventilation and air-conditioning systems
7. Cooling tower systems
8. Fan systems
9. Compressed air systems
10. Pump systems
11. Electrical systems
12. Engine systems
13. Lighting systems
14. Waste water recycling
15. Energy management systems
16. Renewable energy systems
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1. FURNACE
SYSTEMS
Waste heat recycling
• The recuperator can be used at the preheating
of secondary air by recycling the hot flue gas with
regenerative burning or other gases.
• It is possible to use such recycled heat for the purposes
of heating, baking, drying and etc.
• Also it’s possible to produce a hot water by using the
economizer.
• Hereabouts it can be provided an energy saving up to
%45 by recycling the waste heat.
Combustion efficiency enhancement operations (Fuel-Air
mixture adjustment):
• It is possible to increase the efficiency up to %14 by
optimization of fuel-air mixture.
• The enhancement operations at burner systems or
using the burner efficiently:
• The burner is a place where the fuel and air is mixed
that’s why the enhancement methods of combustion
efficiency are valid.
The enhancement operations at the flue systems:
• It’s provided an important information about the
following of humidity, temperature, flue gas components
such as CO2, O2 and CO and energy efficiency.
Use of alternative fuel or waste energy:
• It’s gettable to save the fuel by burning the solid waste
(garbage, waste mud and etc.) at the plants which have
furnaces that works at the very high temperatures
(abt 1000°C ) .
The insulation of furnace surfaces and hot lines:
• The furnace surface losses can reach up to %10. All
surfaces those temperature is over 60°C’ have to be
insulated.
The energy efficiency oriented design changes,
modernization or furnace renewal:
• The total thermal efficiency can reach up to %90 level
by performing all these mentioned methods.
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2. BOILER
SYSTEMS
The heating recycling (Flue gas heating):
• If the waste flue gas temperature is more than 130°C
then it’s possible to provide the heating of the water with
the recuperator by preheating of secondary air or with
economizer.
• It can be provided to save the fuel between %3 and 20.
Blowdown recycling:
• It’s possible to make saving up to %2,5 from the
blowdown that is required to be changed regularly at
the steam boiler by using the same waste heat recycling
methods.
Condensate recycling and flash steam acquisition:
• It’s in question to save the fuel up to %14.
• Please see steam systems part for more information.
Insulation of boiler surface and hot lines:
• It’s possible to get increase about %1 in modern
boilers and %10 increase at old boilers.
Fuel burning conditions enhancement oriented operations:
• Each 28°C increase in combustion air going into boiler
provides approximately %1 increase of efficiency.
Use of alternative fuel or waste fuel:
• Please see Furnace systems.
Combustion efficiency enhancement operations:
• It’s provided to make saving up to %20 by making
the air-fuel mixture adjustment in right manner.
Water treatment systems:
• The quality of the boiler feed water directly influences
the efficiency.
If the rate of the dissolved minerals is high then the
incrustation in boiler will be increased.
• The incrustation and furring in boiler pipes decreases
the heat transfer up to %60.
• Also the blowdown losses will increase due to the
keeping more water in the boiler.
• Due to the cleaning, maintenance and breakdowns the
costs will increase.
The enhancement operations at flue systems:
• Please see furnace systems.
The energy efficiency oriented design changes,
modernization or furnace renewal:
• The hot water and electricity are produced totally with
efficiency of %90 by cogeneration systems.
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3. STEAM
SYSTEMS
The control of the steam lines, prevention of changes
and leakages at the lines which have not been
designed properly:
• The leakage and thermal losses at the steam
transferring systems are between %5-7 levels.
Condensate recycling and flash steam acquisition:
• The produced steam becomes a liquid cooling after
it’s been used.
• The occurred hot condensate is vaporized suddenly
when it contacts with atmosphere. It’s called a flash
steam.
• The total of flash steam and condensate thermal losses
can reach up to %20.
• Can be joined to the existed waste heat recycling
system or created separate system.
Insulation of steam and condensate lines:
• The losses at insulated pipes are less %80-85 compared
with uninsulated pipes.
Maintenance, control of steam traps and renewal of
failed ones:
• The failed steam traps increases the leakages because
of it will make a steam leakage.
• According to YEGM poll the %10 of traps at industry
are defected.
Using of appropriate steam trap:
• It has to be selected a steam trap which is compatible
with steam pressure.
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4. DRYING
SYSTEMS
Waste heat recycling:
• The recuperator can be used at the preheating
of secondary air by recycling the hot flue gas with
regenerative burning or other gases.
• It is possible to use such recycled heat for the purposes
of heating, baking, drying and etc.
• Also it’s possible to produce a hot water by using the
economizer.
• Hereabouts it can be provided an energy saving up to
%45 by recycling the waste heat.
Utilization of flue gas humidity
Building a humidity control system in exhaust air and
dried material.
Enhancement operations in hot air drying systems.
The enhancement operations at burner systems or
using the burner efficiently
• The burner is a place where the fuel and air is mixed
that’s why the enhancement methods of combustion
efficiency are valid.
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5. COOLING
SYSTEMS
Insulation of cooling lines:
• In insulated pipes the energy loss is less by %70-80
compared with uninsulated pipes.
The high efficiency engine applications in cooling system
fan and pumps:
• Class EFF1 engines are more efficient by %2-%6
compared with class EFF2 engines.
• If it’s considered that %90 of total cost of the engine
is energy along it’s lifetime, the saving amount is quite a
lot.
Efficiency enhancement operations at cold storage
warehouses:
• It can be provided an energy saving up to %70 at cold
storage warehouses by smart remote control systems.
The operations regarding the prevention of factors that
cause the decrease of heat transfer at cooling systems:
• The pollution in the channels at cooling system causes
an energy loss between %11-44.
Waste heat recycling (exhaust heat, condenser heat):
• The waste heat can be used at air heating or water
heating at another system.
• It’s saved on hot water, heating and steam expenses.
• The absorption cooling and waste heat also can be
used at cooling.
Trigeneration systems:
• The electricity, hot water and/or cooling needs can be
met by a single energy source (generally a natural gas).
By this way the maximum efficiency can be provided.
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6. HEATING, VENTILATON,
AIR-CONDITIONING (HVAC)
SYSTEMS
Temperature and humidity control system
operations
at the areas where the air-conditioning is performed.
The control of cooling lines and the changes at the
lines which haven’t been designed properly.
Exhaust air waste heat recycling operations.
Land and/or water source heat pump applications.
• Provides a saving up to %25 in cooling and up to
%75 in heating
Solar collector applications for the purpose of
utilization
of solar energy.
• Can provide the entire hot water needs in summer
months
• Can provide a support in heating and cooling.
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7. COOLING TOWER
SYSTEMS
High efficiency engine application in fan and pumps
of cooling tower
• Class EFF1 engines are more efficient by %2-%6
compared with class EFF2 engines.
• If it’s considered that %90 of total cost of the engine is
energy along it’s lifetime, the saving amount is high.
Variable speed drive (VSD) application in fan and pumps
of cooling tower.
• It can be provided the energy saving up to %50.
Modernization of cooling tower
• Modern cooling towers increase the concerned cooling
performance by %20.
Insulation of lines
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8. FAN
SYSTEMS
Variable speed drive (VSD) application in fans
• It can be provided the energy saving up to %50.
High efficiency engine applications at fans
• Class EFF1 engines are more efficient by %2-%6
compared with class EFF2 engines.
Suitable air control and flow adjustment system
operations
• It can be provided the flow increase approximately
by %20 by selection of wing/engine type according to
the system and process with the same engine power.
• Demand controlled ventilation provides an energy
saving and assures the ventilation quality.
High efficiency fan applications
• The belt losses can be reset by direct drive or coupler
drive.
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9. COMPRESSED
AIR SYSTEMS
Control of compressed air lines and making changes
at the compressed air lines which haven’t been
designed properly
• Control system renovation provides an energy saving
up to %7.
Variable speed drive (VSD) or soft starter applications in
Compressors:
• It can be provided an energy saving up to %10 by
using
of VSD.
By selection of appropriate compressor: up to %6,
• It can be provided an energy saving up to %6 by
optimization of pneumatic equipment.
Prevention operations of losses and leakages
• Decrease of air leakages provides a saving up to %42,
• Decrease of pressure losses provides a saving up to
%4.
Making efficient the air dryers and air tanks
• It’s provided an efficiency about %1 by purging the air
from humidity.
• It decreases the condensate which is occurred in air
tanks.
Proper design of compressor room and compressor
settlement
• Each %5 decrease of intake air temperature provides
%2 energy saving.
Utilization of compressor waste heat (exhaust end
cooling system)
• The waste heat can be used for heating of water and
air.
It can be provided a recycling up to %90.
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10. PUMP
SYSTEMS
High efficiency pump applications
• It can be provided %20 saving by low-frictional
pump.
• It’s possible to provide an energy saving totally up to
%70 by VSD, high efficiency engine, pump and coupler
Energy efficiency increasing preventions in pumps that
have been selected at more capacity than it’s needed
• It can be made a saving in amount about VSD
(10/1 cost) with depressurising by spinning the pump
impellers
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11. ELECTRICAL
SYSTEMS
Utilization of efficient transformer
• Due to not containing the moving parts the efficency
of transformers are quite high (~%98). But due to
having
higher losses in outdated transformers it can be
provided
%1-2 efficiency increase after their renovation.
Efficiency increasing activities aimed at decrease of
technical losses in transmission and distribution lines:
• Thermal losses are decreased at the level of %2-3 by
optimum conductor cut and voltage level.
Modernization or renovation of electrical systems:
• The losses and leakages are avoidable by smart
network applications.
• Renewable energy sources are mostly utilized.
Harmonic filter and compensation operations regarding
prevention of harmonics occurred in electrical systems
• VSD, discharge lamps, LED drivers, electronic ballasts
and other a lot of devices make a harmonic. It has to
be payed attention to the harmonic generation while
these kind of elements are purchased.
• There are a lot of cost increasing influences of
harmonics as of increasing of losses untill damaging to
equipments.
For this reason they have to be filtered.
• The harmonics can be removed in a vast scale by
right chosen and settled passive filters. Further to that
utilization of active filters could be required.
• Removing of harmonics can positively affect the
performance of power factor and compensation
systems. The cost increasing arisen from penalties is
avoidable.
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12. ENGINE
SYSTEMS
Selection of engine in appropriate capacity according
to the load.
• Electric engines work at maximum efficiency under
%85-90 of load. Also the power factors substantially
go down under this value.
Alteration of inefficient engines into efficient engines
• Please see Cooling systems.
Alteration of low efficient transmission elements which
are existed between an engine and load into high efficient
transmission elements
• The frictional losses decreases between %3-5.
Variable speed drive (VSD) or soft starter applications
in Engines
• VSD ,engine speed and power are adjusted according
to needs.
• At the same time a high flow traction is avoided while
taking off (soft starter).
• Please see Fan System, Pump System, Cooling System.
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13. LIGHTING
SYSTEMS
Selection of armatures which have high energy efficiency
and are suitable for usage area.
• It’s possible to consume energy %40 less by using
induction lamps compared with discharge lamps.
• New reflectors are %20 more efficient.
• Sodium vapor lamps are %60-70 more economical
than mercury vapor lamps at exterior lighting.
Electronic ballast usage in fluorescent lamps
• It can be provided an electricity saving between %25-40.
Lighting control system (dimmer, motion sensor, photocell,
time clocks and etc.) applications
• It can be presented %30 saving in average.
• The saving amount changes according to the usage area.
Opening of lighting windows on the roof, at walls or at
other places for the purpose of utilization of solar light at
maximum level may reduce the lighting costs by %30.
LED lighting system applications at suitable areas.
• Are %15-40 more efficient compared with
discharge lamps.
• Is more expensive in the beginning but long-lasting
• Is seen as a lighting style of future.
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14. WASTE WATER
RECYCLING
Applications regarding reducing the water consumption
during dyeing and finishing processes in textile sector
as well as in order to be used at relevant processes the
technological changings in ion exchanger resin systems
that produces soft water:
Water saving: %54
Chemical saving: %67
Energy saving: natural gas %21,5,
electric %0,5
• In addition to the water saving especially it can be
made a saving from the energy that is used for hot water
generation. It can be reduced annual natural gas and
electricity consumption and consequently carbon dioxide
(CO2) emission by provided energy efficiency. In other
respect in consequence of enhancements provided in
water softening system, it can be obtained a salt saving.
Company business sphere Textile sector: Fabric
Production
• Water consumption before the project: 300.000 m3/
year
• Water saving: 162.000 m3/year (%54)
• Chemical saving: 192 ton/year NaCl (%67)
• Energy saving: 4.681.000 kWh/year natural gas
(%21,5), 98.800 kWh/year electricity (%0,5)
Total Cost of an Investment and Economic
Achievements
• Total cost of an investment : 22.000 $
• Water saving*: 223.234 $/year
• Energy saving:211.436 $/year
• 11.248 $/year electricity
• Chemical saving : 21.677 $/year NaCl
• Project payback period: less than 1 month
*A city water has been taken as a basis.
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15. ENERGY MANAGEMENT
SYSTEMS
Energy monitoring, Control and Management System
Establishment
• By monitoring the energy consumption of business
firm, by catching up the losses and leakages it can
be provided %10-15 energy efficiency with training
utilization habits enhancement as compared with other
business firms.
TS EN 50001 Energy Management System Establishment
• Energy management establishment by business firm
and monitoring, managing it’s energy is necessary for
efficiency increasing project supports.
Automation System Establishment
• It is possible to provide a serious energy saving and
generation efficiency by following up the processes,
business firm and making comparison.
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16. RENEWABLE
ENERGY SYSTEMS
In scope of Free Electric Consumer; to purchase cheaper
electric, tariff and demand methods.
• Now it’s possible to make more suitable energy
agreements. It can be made saving on invoice amounts by
production planning and shifting, by making production
while electricity is cheaper.
Photovoltaic Solar or Wind Power Production System
Inside Establishment and to Roof
• It can be made a saving by generating the electricity
that is needed in the daytime by 1MWp Unlicensed PV
Solar Plant and in the nighttime by getting the electricity
from the network. Now it’s possible to earn an income
by selling the overproduced electricity to the network in
weekends or during the holidays.
CHOGENIC-TRIGENIC System
• If it’s possible in 7 x24 plants, at both heating and
cooling needed business firms and plants very serious
energy saving is provided.
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TYPICAL PROJECTS
Name of the Project
Annual
Saving Rate
(%)
Annual Saving
Rate (TEP)
Total
Investment
Amount
Recycling
Period
(Year)
Dyehouse Sewage
Recycling
26,64
6.992.966
256.310
0,122
Alteration in Lighting
System
0,41
63,81
40.742
0,55
Ventilation of Existed
Compressor Room
0,03
5,83
2.323
0,32
Chiller
Change
1,2
185,89
103.667
0,48
Boiler
Fire Adjustment
4,5
704,94
21.812
0,07
Heat Insulation in
Boiled Oil Lines
0,18
27,69
13.333
0,79
Boiler Economizer
Renovation
4,98
770,23
58.684
0,17
Compensation
0,6
93,17
135.000
1,25
Energy Monitoring
System Establishment
0,09
14,33
22.500
1,35
Insulaton Revision of
Hot Oil lines
0,41
64,45
66.667
0,89
Water Tower
Rehabilitation
0,04
7,46
20.833
2,4
BOPP Chiller
Revision
1,29
199,66
145.833
0,63
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Name of the Project
Annual
Saving Rate
(%)
Annual Saving
Rate (TEP)
Total
Investment
Amount
Recycling
Period
(Year)
Speed Control in
Water Tower Pumps
0,15
23,47
30.000
1,05
Recuperator, Flash and
Trim Applications
at Steam Process
32,6
769,0
152.621
0,6
Rising the Temperature of
Feed Water by being
passed of the Boiler Flue
Gases through
the Economizer.
2,36
150
74.000
1,42
Heat Recycling from
Hot Waste Water
4,74
298
100.000
2,46
Flue Gas
Economizer Application
13,0
1.531
127.000
0,37
Increasing the steam
generation per 1 kW
electric in boiler room
5,0
293
8.333
0,125
Reducing the Natural Gas
Consumption in
Statical Dye Lines
10,0
280
10.000
0,11
Evaporative Cooling
System at Offset Print Hall
7,0
26
23.000
0,75
Recycling of Waste Heat
that is threw out of the
Flues of Stenter and
Dyeing Machines
17,0
1.320
350.000
0,86
Frequency Convertor
Investment
0,9
457
276.028
0,8
Completion of
Uncompleted Isolation
7,5
4.011
237.036
0,13
Farin Feeding System with
Rotary Furnace Elevator
0,14
181
1.051.707
7,04
Absorption
Cooling System
0,05
65
180.000
3,4
Lighting
Saving Project
0,96
338
29.000
0,06
Name of the Project
Annual
Saving Rate
(%)
Annual Saving
Rate (TEP)
Total
Investment
Amount
Recycling
Period
(Year)
Converting the Coke Gas
into the Oven Gas
4,56
55.433
92.000
0,08
Electro filter and
Aspiration Enhancement
0,078
942
418.000
0,5
Feeder-Breaker
Enhancement
0,001
10,11
20.381
1,97
Speed Control at
High Furnace and Steel
Mill Gas Lines
0,0109
182
7.490
0,05
Slab Furnace
Modernization
0,32
5.342
876.254
0,4
75
5TH REGION INCENTIVES FOR
INVESTMENTS ON ENERGY EFFICIENCY
The Resolution of the Council of Ministers numbered:
2014/6058 that took effect upon publication in the
Official Gazette dated: 9 May 2014 and numbered:
28995, resolved to incent some energy investments.
The energy investments to be incented:
- Investments on energy efficiency to be realized
in existent production industry plants with annual
energy consumptions of minimally 500 TEP (petroleum
equivalent in tons), that provide a minimum energy
saving of 20% per unit and with maximum recycling
times of 5 years.
- Investments based on electricity production by the
recycling of waste heat in a plant (excluding electricity
production plants based on natural gas) .
- This resolution will also benefit the liquefied natural
gas (LNG) investments as well as subterranean natural
gas storage investments with minimum amounts of 50
Million TL; and
Regardless of the region of investment, the AFORESAID
SHALL BENEFIT FROM THE INCENTIVES PROVIDED
TO THE 5TH REGION.
The 5th Region Incentives to be Benefited From:
- Value Added Tax Exception,
- Exemption from Customs Tax,
- Tax Rebate,
- Insurance premium employer share support,
- Interest Support,
- Allocation of an investment place,
Value Added Tax Exception:
Value added tax will not be paid for investment
commodities, machinery & equipment that will be
obtained domestically or from abroad within the scope
of the incentive certificate.
Exemption from Customs Tax:
Customs tax will not be paid for investment commodities,
machinery & equipment that will be obtained from
abroad within the scope of the incentive certificate.
76
Tax Rebate:
Application of the income or the corporate tax with
discount until it reaches the contribution amount
envisaged for the investment (the contribution amount
to investment for the 5th Region is 30%; the rebate
ratio for the income or the corporate tax is 70%).
Insurance Premium Employer Share Support:
The employer’s insurance premium share, which
should be paid for additional employment and which
corresponds to minimum wage, shall be met by the
Ministry.
Interest Support:
Interest Support represents a financial support provided
for instrument credits, which have maturities of at least
one year and which are utilized within the scope of the
incentive certificate, and the Ministry will, up to 70% of
the fixed investment amount registered in the incentive
certificate, meet a certain portion of the interest or profit
share that are to be paid for such credits utilized (five
points in Turkish Liras for regional investments made
in the 5th region and two points for foreign exchange
credits and credits on foreign exchange index).
Allocation of an Investment Place:
Allocation of an investment place for investments for
which an Incentive Certificate has been issued, and
within framework of the principles and procedures
established by the Ministry of Finance.
An “Investment Incentive Certificate” should be
obtained for benefiting from such incentives.
Investors aspiring to benefit from the 5th region
incentives in their Energy Efficiency investments
can obtain detailed information from the Ministry
of Economy, the General Directorate of Incentive
Applications and Foreign Capital.
www.tesvik.gov.tr
77
www.enerjiverimliulasim.com
Turkey in the last 25 years, growth trends continue
the case in 2020, passenger traffic today’s level of
about 3.3 times (540 billion passenger / km), freight
traffic is 2.5 times (300 billion tons / km) will come
is estimated.
Given that the estimated increase in the transport
sector improving the energy efficiency of work to do
for a moment before realizing projects are the subject
of study.
80
MISSION
Total energy consumption in our country, which
has a share of 14% in the transport sector, with
productivity provider to introduce the work in this
area to reduce the amount of energy consumed.
AIM
The targets set under the project are as follows.
• To reduce fuel consumption of nonrenewable energy source of motor vehicles,
• To increase the share of railways in public transport and freight transport,
• To avoid wasting unnecessary fuel in urban transport,
• To reduce the level of emission of harmful gases released to nature.
81
82
NEED TO BE DONE FOR
ENERGY-EFFICIENT
TRANSPORTATION
• When we want to go from one place to another
prefer public transport instead of our private vehicles.
In this way, both the energy savings provided and
to prevent our environment contamination by more
exhaust gas, as well as reduce traffic crowded a
little bit.
•
To
minimize
the
fuel
consumption
and
exhaust pollution recommended speed is between
35 - 95 km . You should keep in mind.
• Be careful not to use our engine at high revs in
the city and upstate.
Needs to be done about gear change:
Gasoline and LPG vehicles
<2500 RPM (Rev – Minute)
Diesel vehicles
<2000 RPM (Rev –Minute)
83
84
NEED TO BE DONE FOR
ENERGY-EFFICIENT
TRANSPORTATION
• Don’t forget that when your car getting older
and aged, the used of fuel ans exhaust gas pollution
increases. For this reason have our serviced and
repaired periodically, make the necessary care. In
this way, we have secured of our life’s security.
• While driving our vehicles, as much as possible
try to close the windows. Did you know that while
you drive your vehicle at a speed of 100 km per hour
as windows open, your vehicle caused approximately
4% extra fuel consumption?
•In case where the weather conditions are
appropriate should avoid to use air-condition
unnecessarily. When we use air-condition, our
vehicle’s energy needs increased, if possible only use
fans for air circulation. In addition, avoid setting airconditions at high revs and maximum temperatures
Air-condition is an extra burden for the car’s engine
which uses fuel. Not to use air condition provide fuel
savings up to 5%.
85
86
NEED TO BE DONE FOR
ENERGY-EFFICIENT
TRANSPORTATION
• Let’s make the car’s exhaust gas measurements
on time. Thus, we could have taken control if our
engine is burning oil or fuel.
• To ensure running your vehicle at maximum efficiency,
have your car serviced regularly. Contaminated spark
plugs, dirty air filter or clogged fuel filter will affect
your fuel economy in a negative way. Changing the
engine oil regularly is very important in terms of fuel
efficiency. A properly maintained engine can improve
fuel economy up to 4%.
•Tires have a significant impact on vehicle’s
rolling resistance. Using Fuel Saver Technology tires
can reduce rolling resistance significantly. Engine
wasted less energy, so less fuel consumed. It is better
for environment and you’ll spend less on fuel.
87
88
NEED TO BE DONE FOR
ENERGY-EFFICIENT
TRANSPORTATION
•The tire air pressure affects 5-10% of fuel
consumption. 0.5 bar diminished increases fuel
consumption by 5%. Pay attention to the air pressure
value in tires are in recommended value. Let’s prefer
to use radial tires recommended for highways and
urban.
•Use the fixed rate options, especially for long
motorway journeys. These two features also increases
the overall way to go.
• Go short distance by walking or use bicycle if
there is suitable ways in your area. Walking and
using bicycle is beneficial to your health as well as
environment-friendly actions.
89
90
NEED TO BE DONE FOR
ENERGY-EFFICIENT
TRANSPORTATION
• Minibus, pickups, vans, utility vehicles, such as
vehicles with high engine capacity, consumes more
fuel than others. Avoid if you don’t need to use this
type of vehicles.
• Do not place more weight on vehicle. Overload is
both reduce the road can the vehicle go and breaking
can neutralize.
Your fuel consumption increases
1-2% for every extra 50 kg. How heavy vehicles
they will need more energy to move, so the result of
overload cause higher fuel consumption. Carefully to
evaluate what you need to transport in your vehicle
and unload all the unnecessary items.
• Try to heat your car while moving. When the car
halts, it heats late and consumes more fuel.
91
92
NEED TO BE DONE FOR
ENERGY-EFFICIENT
TRANSPORTATION
• Use the right motor oil. For this check the vehicle’s
user manual. Make sure the brand you choose will
with energy saving. These are includes substances
of reducing friction and improving the efficiency. To
choose wrong motor oil can reduce 2% of road to
go.
• Aggressive driving style like making quick
maneuvers and sudden braking can result 20% more
consumption from a smooth ride*.
•Roof racks adversely affect to your vehicle’s
aerodynamic efficiency. Cause of the aerodynamic
drag on the vehicle they increase fuel consumption
by 5%. Attach roof rack to your vehicle only when
absolutely necessary and remove when not in use.
93
NOTES
NOTES
NOTLAR
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