Black Box CSU/DSU Specifications

Black Box CSU/DSU Specifications
JULY 1998
MT136A
MT137C
MT138C
MT139C
MT140C
CSU/DSU MS DBU
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CUSTOMER
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INFORMATION
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Order toll-free in the U.S.: Call 877-877-BBOX (outside U.S. call 724-746-5500)
FREE technical support 24 hours a day, 7 days a week: Call 724-746-5500 or fax 724-746-0746
Mailing address: Black Box Corporation, 1000 Park Drive, Lawrence, PA 15055-1018
Web site: www.blackbox.com • E-mail: [email protected]
TRADEMARKS
TRADEMARKS USED IN THIS MANUAL
Accunet and AT&T are registered trademarks of American Telephone and
Telegraph Company.
VT100 is a trademark of Digital Equipment Corporation.
HP and OpenView are registered trademarks of Hewlett-Packard.
IBM and NetView are registered trademarks of International Business Machines
Coporation.
MCI is a registered trademark of MCI Telecommunications Corporation.
MNP is a registered trademark of Microcom Systems, Inc.
Siemens is a registered trademark of Siemens Aktiengesellschaft.
UL is a registered trademark of Underwriters Laboratories Incorporated.
Sprint and US Sprint are registered trademarks of U.S. Sprint Communications
Co. Ltd.
Any other trademarks mentioned in this manual are acknowledged to be the
property of the trademark owners.
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CSU/DSU MS DBU
FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION
AND
INDUSTRY CANADA
RADIO FREQUENCY INTERFERENCE STATEMENTS
This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and if not
installed and used properly, that is, in strict accordance with the manufacturer’s
instructions, may cause interference to radio communication. It has been tested
and found to comply with the limits for a Class A computing device in accordance
with the specifications in Subpart J of Part 15 of FCC rules, which are designed to
provide reasonable protection against such interference when the equipment is
operated in a commercial environment. Operation of this equipment in a
residential area is likely to cause interference, in which case the user at his own
expense will be required to take whatever measures may be necessary to correct
the interference.
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible
for compliance could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class A limits for radio noise emission from
digital apparatus set out in the Radio Interference Regulation of Industry Canada.
Le présent appareil numérique n’émet pas de bruits radioélectriques dépassant les limites
applicables aux appareils numériques de la classe A prescrites dans le Règlement sur le
brouillage radioélectrique publié par Industrie Canada.
2
NOM STATEMENT
NORMAS OFICIALES MEXICANAS (NOM)
ELECTRICAL SAFETY STATEMENT
INSTRUCCIONES DE SEGURIDAD
1. Todas las instrucciones de seguridad y operación deberán ser leídas antes de
que el aparato eléctrico sea operado.
2. Las instrucciones de seguridad y operación deberán ser guardadas para
referencia futura.
3. Todas las advertencias en el aparato eléctrico y en sus instrucciones de
operación deben ser respetadas.
4. Todas las instrucciones de operación y uso deben ser seguidas.
5. El aparato eléctrico no deberá ser usado cerca del agua—por ejemplo, cerca
de la tina de baño, lavabo, sótano mojado o cerca de una alberca, etc..
6. El aparato eléctrico debe ser usado únicamente con carritos o pedestales que
sean recomendados por el fabricante.
7. El aparato eléctrico debe ser montado a la pared o al techo sólo como sea
recomendado por el fabricante.
8. Servicio—El usuario no debe intentar dar servicio al equipo eléctrico más allá
a lo descrito en las instrucciones de operación. Todo otro servicio deberá ser
referido a personal de servicio calificado.
9. El aparato eléctrico debe ser situado de tal manera que su posición no
interfiera su uso. La colocación del aparato eléctrico sobre una cama, sofá,
alfombra o superficie similar puede bloquea la ventilación, no se debe colocar
en libreros o gabinetes que impidan el flujo de aire por los orificios de
ventilación.
10. El equipo eléctrico deber ser situado fuera del alcance de fuentes de calor
como radiadores, registros de calor, estufas u otros aparatos (incluyendo
amplificadores) que producen calor.
11. El aparato eléctrico deberá ser connectado a una fuente de poder sólo del
tipo descrito en el instructivo de operación, o como se indique en el aparato.
3
CSU/DSU MS DBU
12. Precaución debe ser tomada de tal manera que la tierra fisica y la polarización
del equipo no sea eliminada.
13. Los cables de la fuente de poder deben ser guiados de tal manera que no
sean pisados ni pellizcados por objetos colocados sobre o contra ellos,
poniendo particular atención a los contactos y receptáculos donde salen del
aparato.
14. El equipo eléctrico debe ser limpiado únicamente de acuerdo a las
recomendaciones del fabricante.
15. En caso de existir, una antena externa deberá ser localizada lejos de las lineas
de energia.
16. El cable de corriente deberá ser desconectado del cuando el equipo no sea
usado por un largo periodo de tiempo.
17. Cuidado debe ser tomado de tal manera que objectos liquidos no sean
derramados sobre la cubierta u orificios de ventilación.
18. Servicio por personal calificado deberá ser provisto cuando:
A: El cable de poder o el contacto ha sido dañado; u
B: Objectos han caído o líquido ha sido derramado dentro del aparato; o
C: El aparato ha sido expuesto a la lluvia; o
D: El aparato parece no operar normalmente o muestra un cambio en su
desempeño; o
E: El aparato ha sido tirado o su cubierta ha sido dañada.
4
ABOUT THIS MANUAL
About This Manual
This manual is arranged so you can quickly and easily find the information
you need. The following is an overview of the contents of this manual:
• Chapter 1, Introduction, familiarizes you with DDS, Switched 56, SNMP,
and TELNET. This chapter also includes CSU/DSU MS DBU highlights
and describes the options that may be purchased for use with the DSU.
• Chapter 2, Installation, describes the DSU connectors (pin assignments
are given in Appendix A) and provides an installation diagram.
• Chapter 3, Operation, explains how to operate your DSU using either
the front panel or a VT100™ terminal interface.
• Chapter 4, Applications, provides examples of some common DSU
applications, including network diagrams.
• Chapter 5, Configuration Overview, explains how to access the DSU
configuration menu, including information on the different configuration
methods. This chapter also provides a front-panel menu tree.
• Chapters 6 through 11 provide brief explanations for selections made in the
Configuration menus. These chapters are based on the front-panel menu
branches of the Configuration menu: Network Options, DTE Options,
Test Options, Dial Options, Management, and Utilities.
• Chapter 12, Testing and Troubleshooting, describes the testing options
available with the CSU/DSU MS DBU and gives troubleshooting information.
• Chapter 13, Activating Dial Functions, describes the Dial options available
from the Main menu.
• Chapter 14, Viewing Status Information, provides information on the status
menus available for the base unit as well as the DBU cards.
• Appendix A provides pinouts for the connectors of the DSU and the DBU
and Ethernet cards.
• Appendix B shows the AT commands available for the DSU.
• Appendix C describes the terminal menu interface (accessed through
a VT100 terminal or a TELNET session).
• Appendix D provides information on the unit’s configuration profiles.
5
CSU/DSU MS DBU
• Appendix E contains a DSU-to-modem interconnect diagram for a modem tailcircuit application.
• Appendix F contains product specifications.
6
FCC REGULATIONS
FCC regulations require that the following information be provided in this
manual:
1. This equipment complies with Part 68 of the FCC rules. On the bottom of
the equipment housing is a label that shows the FCC registration number
and ringer equivalence number (REN) for this equipment. If requested,
provide this information to the telephone company.
2. If this equipment causes harm to the telephone network, the telephone
company may temporarily discontinue service. If possible, advance notification
is given; otherwise, notification is given as soon as possible. The telephone
company will advise the customer of the right to file a complaint with the FCC.
3. The telephone company may make changes in its facilities, equipment,
operations, or procedures that could affect the proper operation of this
equipment; advance notification and the opportunity to maintain
uninterrupted service are given.
4. If experiencing difficulty with this equipment, please contact Black Box
for repair and warranty information. The telephone company may require
this equipment to be disconnected from the network until the problem is
corrected, or it is certain the equipment is not malfunctioning.
5. This unit contains no user-serviceable parts.
6. An FCC-compliant telephone cord with a modular plug is provided with this
equipment. In addition, an FCC-compliant cable appropriate for the dialbackup option ordered is provided with this equipment. This equipment
is designed to be connected to the telephone network or premises wiring
using an FCC-compatible modular jack that is Part 68 compliant.
7. The following information may be required when applying to the local
telephone company for leased-line facilities:
Service Type
2.4 kbps Digital Interface
4.8 kbps Digital Interface
9.6 kbps Digital Interface
19.2 kbps Digital Interface
38.4 kbps Digital Interface
56 kbps Digital Interface
64 kbps Digital Interface
Digital Facility
Interface Code
04DU5-24
04DU5-48
04DU5-96
04DU5-19
04DU5-38
04DU5-56
04DU5-64
Service Order
Code
6.0F
6.0F
6.0F
6.0F
6.0F
6.0F
6.0F
Network Jacks
RJ-48S
RJ-48S
RJ-48S
RJ-48S
RJ-48S
RJ-48S
RJ-48S
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CSU/DSU MS DBU
8. The following information may be required when applying to the local
telephone company for a dial-up line for the V.34 Module:
Service Type
SOC
REN
FIC
USOC
Loop Start (V.34)
9.0Y
0.8B
02LS2
RJ-11C
9. The following information may be required when applying to the local
telephone company for Switched 56 service for the S4W DBU Card:
Service Type
SOC
REN
FIC
USOC
PSDS
6.0F
N/A
04D45-56B
RJ-48S
10. The following information may be required when applying to the local
telephone company for ISDN service for the ISDN Module:
Service Type
SOC
REN
FIC
USOC
Basic Rate ISDN
6.0F
N/A
021S5
RJ-49
11. The REN is useful in determining the quantity of devices you may connect to
your telephone line and still have all of those devices ring when your number
is called. In most areas, the sum of the RENs of all devices should not exceed
five. To be certain of the number of devices you may connect to your line as
determined by the REN, call your telephone company to determine the
maximum REN for your calling area.
12. This equipment may not be used on coin service provided by the telephone
company. Connection to party lines is subject to state tariffs. (Contact your
state public utility commission or corporation commission for information.)
8
ISDN SERVICE ORDERING INFORMATION
ISDN Service Ordering Information for the CSU/DSU MS DBU With ISDN Dial
Backup
For CSU/DSU MS DBU ISDN applications, the following guide can be used
as an aid in ordering basic ISDN service from your local telephone company.
The CSU/DSU MS DBU ISDN includes NT1 and terminal-adapter functionality
and supports data rates up to 64 kbps.
REQUEST AN ISDN BASIC RATE INTERFACE (BRI) LINE WITH THE FOLLOWING FEATURES:
U-interface reference point
2B1Q line coding
1B+D Service (supports up to 64 kbps)
THE CSU/DSU MS DBU ISDN SUPPORTS THE FOLLOWING SWITCH TYPES AND SOFTWARE
PROTOCOLS:
AT&T® 5ESS Custom, 5E6 and later software, National ISDN-1
NT1 DMS-100 BCS-32 and later software (Pvc1), National ISDN-1 (Pvc2)
Siemens® EWSD National ISDN-1
Request that the ISDN line allocate one DYNAMIC Terminal Endpoint Identifier
(TEI) for the number.
For service offered from an AT&T 5ESS, request a point-to-point line with the
following features:
Feature: Value
B1 Service: On Demand (DMD)
Data Line Class: Point-to-Point
Maximum B Channels: 1 (1B+D)
Circuit Switched Data (CSD) Bearer Channels: Any
Number of CSD Calls: 1 (1B+D)
Terminal Type: Type A
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CSU/DSU MS DBU
TURN THE FOLLOWING FEATURES OFF:
Packet Mode Data
Multi-line Hunt
Multiple Call Appearances
Electronic Key Telephone Sets (EKTS)
Shared Dictionary Numbers
Accept Special Type of Number
Intercom Groups
Network Resource Selector (Modem Pools)
Message Waiting
Hunting
InterLata Competition
FOR SERVICE OFFERED FROM A NORTHERN TELECOM DMS-100, REQUEST A POINT-TO-POINT
MULTI-POINT LINE WITH THE FOLLOWING FEATURES:
Line Type: Basic Rate, Functional
Electronic Key Telephone Sets (EKTS): No
Call Appearance Handling (CACH): No
Non-Initializing Terminal: No
Circuit Switched Service: Yes
Packet Switched Service: No
TEI: Dynamic
Bearer Service: Circuit Switched voice and data permitted on any B channel (packet mode
data not permitted)
10
CONTENTS
Contents
Chapter
Page
1. Introduction........................................................................................................15
1.1 Overview ....................................................................................................15
1.2 DDS Operation ........................................................................................16
1.3 Switched 56 Operation ............................................................................16
1.4 SNMP ........................................................................................................16
1.5 TELNET ....................................................................................................17
1.6 Dial-Backup Operation ............................................................................17
1.7 Dial Backup Modes ..................................................................................17
2. Installation ..........................................................................................................19
2.1 Unpack, Inspect, and Power Up ..............................................................19
2.2 Rear Panel ................................................................................................20
3. Operation ............................................................................................................24
4. Applications ........................................................................................................30
4.1 LAN Application with SNMP/TELNET Management ..........................30
4.2 Dial-Backup Application ..........................................................................33
5. Configuration Overview ....................................................................................36
6. Configuring Network Options ..........................................................................42
6.1 Loop Rate ..................................................................................................43
6.2 Network Address ......................................................................................43
6.3 Remote Configuration..............................................................................44
6.4 Network Type ............................................................................................44
6.5 Clock Source ............................................................................................44
7. Configuring DTE Options ................................................................................45
7.1 DTE Rate ..................................................................................................48
7.2 Connector Type ........................................................................................48
7.3 Data Format ..............................................................................................48
7.4 DTE Command Option............................................................................49
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CSU/DSU MS DBU
Chapter
Page
7.5 Transmit Clock..........................................................................................49
7.6 Clear to Send (CS) Options ....................................................................49
7.7 Anti-Stream................................................................................................50
7.8 CD Options................................................................................................50
7.9 Data Terminal Ready (TR) Options........................................................50
7.10 Data Set Ready (SR) Options ..................................................................50
8. Configuring Test Options ..................................................................................51
9. Configuring Dial Options ..................................................................................54
9.1 Phone Numbers ........................................................................................55
9.2 SW56 Auto Answer....................................................................................55
9.3 DBU Options ............................................................................................56
9.3.1 Standard DBU Options ..................................................................56
9.3.2 DBU Options for S4W ....................................................................59
9.3.3 DBU Options for V.34 Card ............................................................60
9.3.4 DBU Options for ISDN Card ..........................................................61
9.3.5 DBU Passcode ..................................................................................61
10. Configuring Management Functions................................................................63
10.1 Interface ....................................................................................................63
10.2 Control Rate ..............................................................................................63
10.3 IP Options..................................................................................................64
10.3.1 Unit IP Address ................................................................................64
10.3.2 Subnet Mask ....................................................................................64
10.3.3 Gateway IP Address ..........................................................................64
10.3.4 IP Security ........................................................................................64
10.3.5 IP Filter Address ..............................................................................64
10.4 SNMP Options ..........................................................................................65
10.5 TELNET Options......................................................................................66
10.6 Entering Letters Using the Front Panel ..................................................66
12
CONTENTS
Chapter
Page
11. Configuring Unit Utilities ..................................................................................68
11.1 Manual Command ....................................................................................69
11.2 Time/Date ................................................................................................70
11.3 Software Revision ......................................................................................71
11.4 LAN MAC Address....................................................................................71
11.5 Serial Number ..........................................................................................71
12. Testing and Troubleshooting ............................................................................72
12.1 Test Overview ............................................................................................72
12.1.1 Initiating a Test ................................................................................72
12.1.2 Test Status Display............................................................................73
12.1.3 Exiting a Test....................................................................................74
12.2 Troubleshooting ......................................................................................74
12.2.1 Messages from the DSU/CSU ........................................................74
12.2.2 Troubleshooting New Installations ................................................76
12.3 Local Unit Diagnostics..............................................................................77
12.3.1 DTE & Loop (LL)............................................................................78
12.3.2 Loop Only (RT) ..............................................................................79
12.3.3 DTE Only..........................................................................................79
12.3.4 DTE With Test Pattern ....................................................................80
12.3.5 Test Pattern ......................................................................................81
12.3.6 Self-Test ............................................................................................82
12.4 Remote Unit Diagnostics..........................................................................82
12.5 DBU Connection ......................................................................................84
13. Activating Dial Functions ..................................................................................86
14. Viewing Status Information ..............................................................................88
Appendix A. Pinouts ..............................................................................................92
Appendix B. AT Commands ..................................................................................96
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CSU/DSU MS DBU
Chapter
Page
Appendix C. Terminal Menu Structure ................................................................98
C.1 Status Messages ......................................................................................102
C.2 Local/Remote Configuration Menus....................................................102
C.2.1 DSU Configuration (DTE, Network, and Test Options) ............103
C.2.2 DBU Configuration ......................................................................103
C.2.3 Management Configuration..........................................................104
C.2.4 Utility Configuration......................................................................105
C.3 Local/Remote Test Menus ....................................................................106
C.4 Dial SW56/Dial DBU..............................................................................106
C.4.1 Dial SW56 Options ........................................................................106
C.4.2 Dial DBU ........................................................................................107
Appendix D. Configuration Profiles....................................................................108
Appendix E. DSU-to-Modem Interconnect ........................................................111
Appendix F. Specifications ..................................................................................112
14
CHAPTER 1: Introduction
1. Introduction
1.1 Overview
The CSU/DSU MS DBU (data service unit with embedded SNMP) provides
a reliable, high-speed data connection for customer data terminal equipment
through digital data service (DDS) lines. The CSU/DSU MS DBU has an
embedded SNMP agent that provides complete SNMP access to the unit through
an integral SLIP or PPP async port. The CSU/DSU MS DBU’s unique modular
approach provides optional 10BASE-T Ethernet access for SNMP. Also, optional
modular DBU cards provide automatic or manual dial backup for the dedicated
circuit.
The following are features of the CSU/DSU MS DBU:
• DDS rates supported from 2.4 to 64 kbps, including 19.2 and 38.4
• 4-wire Switched 56 (SW56) operation
• Embedded SNMP and TELNET
• Control port provides SLIP and async PPP access to SNMP or VT100 terminal
configuration
• Two option slots
• 10BASE-T Ethernet SNMP port available with the SNMP Ethernet Module
• Automatic or manual DBU
• DBU available with DBU cards; options include 4-wire Switched 56, V.34,
and ISDN
• Time-of-day and weekend lockout options
The CSU/DSU MS DBU provides both V.35 and EIA-232 electrical and physical
DTE interfaces to accommodate a variety of applications.
To ensure a reliable connection, the unit features an extended receiver capability
which permits operation over long loops (3.4 miles or 5.5 km of 26 AWG at
56 kbps).
The 4-wire Switched 56 Module and the base unit’s integrated SW56 capabilities
are compatible with AT&T Accunet® and Sprint® SW56 type services. The V.34
15
CSU/DSU MS DBU
Modem Module allows switched backup over the public switched telephone
network (PSTN). The ISDN Module is compatible with National ISDN and
supports a U-interface to the Basic Rate ISDN.
1.2 DDS Operation
DDS is a nationwide service that allows interconnection and transport of data at
speeds up to 64 kbps. The local exchange carriers provide the local loop service to
DDS customers and may provide data for routing Inter-LATA to an interexchange
carrier. In DDS mode, the CSU/DSU MS DBU supports 2.4-kbps to 64-kbps DDS
service rates yielding DTE rates of 2.4, 4.8, 9.6, 19.2, 38.4 (sync or async), 56 kbps,
and 64 kbps. An additional rate of 57.6 is available in asynchronous mode. The
unit can be configured to run slower DTE rates (async or sync) over the 56 or 64
kbps service.
1.3 Switched 56 Operation
Dial-up, 4-wire Switched 56 DDS allows customers to pay for data connection only
for the time the unit is active. The regional operating companies provide the 4-wire
local loop service to SW56 customers. The CSU/DSU MS DBU supports DTE rates
of 2.4, 4.8, 9.6, 19.2, 38.4, and 56 kbps (synchronous) and 2.4, 4.8, 9.6, 19.2, 38.4,
and 57.6 kbps (asynchronous).
1.4 SNMP
The term SNMP (Simple Network-Management Protocol) broadly refers to the
message protocols used to exchange information between the network and the
managed devices, as well as to the structure of network-management databases.
SNMP has three basic components:
NETWORK MANAGER
Control program that collects, controls, and presents data pertinent to the
operation of the network devices. It resides on a network-management station.
AGENT
Control program that resides in each network device connected. This program
responds to queries and commands from the network manager and returns
requested information or invokes configuration changes initiated by the manager.
16
CHAPTER 1: Introduction
MIB
Index to the organized data within a network device. It defines the operation
parameters that can be controlled or monitored.
The CSU/DSU MS DBU supports the MIB-II standard, RFC 1213, and Black Box
Enterprise Specific MIB. MIB files are available from Black Box in the support
section of the Black Box Web page at www.blackbox.com.
The CSU/DSU MS DBU’s embedded SNMP feature allows the unit to be accessed
and controlled by a network manager either through a device running SLIP or
async PPP protocol (connected to the CONTROL port of the DSU) or through
a LAN. LAN connection requires the SNMP Ethernet Module (part number
MT140C). This card provides a 10BASE-T Ethernet interface to the LAN.
1.5 TELNET
TELNET provides a password-protected remote login facility for the CSU/DSU MS
DBU. TELNET allows a user on a network manager to control the CSU/DSU MS
DBU through the terminal menus. See Chapter 4 and Appendix C for more
information.
1.6 Dial-Backup Operation
The CSU/DSU MS DBU’s unique DBU cards are field-installable. See Chapter 2
for information on installing DBU cards. The three backup options are described
in the following sections. Contact the local telco provider to determine which
services are available in your area. See Chapter 4 for more information, including
an example of a dial-backup application.
1.7 Dial-Backup Modules
4-WIRE SWITCHED 56 MODULE
This dial-up 4-wire SW56 card allows customers to pay for data connection only for
the time the unit is active. The regional operating companies provide the 4-wire
local loop service to SW56 customers. This card supports DTE rates of 2.4, 4.8, 9.6,
19.2, 38.4 (asynchronous or synchronous), and 56 kbps (synchronous). An
additional DTE rate of 57.6 kbps is available in async modes.
17
CSU/DSU MS DBU
V.34 MODULE
The V.34 card has all of a V.32 bis modem’s modes of operation, plus V.34 and
V.FC modes. This allows the V.34 option to run synchronous rates up to 33.6 kbps,
as opposed to the V.32 maximum of 14.4 kbps. In asynchronous mode the
throughput at 57.6 kbps is less dependent on data types.
ISDN MODULE
1B+D Basic Rate ISDN service provides the customer with a switched 56/64 kbps
circuit. In addition to 56 and 64 kbps synchronous DTE rates, the card also
supports synchronous and asynchronous DTE rates of 2.4, 4.8, 9.6, 19.2, and
38.4 kbps per CCITT V.120. The card also supports the DTE rate of 57.6 kbps
async and is compatible with the 4-wire SW56 DBU Module.
18
CHAPTER 2: Installation
2. Installation
2.1 Unpack, Inspect, Power Up
INSPECTION
Carefully inspect the CSU/DSU MS DBU for any shipping damage. If damage
is suspected, file a claim immediately with the carrier and contact Black Box
Customer Service. Keep the original shipping container for use in shipping
the CSU/DSU MS DBU for repair or for verification of damage during shipment.
The following items are included with the CSU/DSU MS DBU:
• CSU/DSU MS DBU unit
• The user manual
• An 8-position modular to 8-position modular cable
• An 8-position modular to 8-position modular cable and a modular to female
DB25 adapter for access to the Control/SLIP/PPP port
NOTE
The Black Box CSU/DSU MS DBU MIB is available from Black Box in the
support section of the Black Box Web page at www.blackbox.com.
The following items are included with the DBU Modules:
• DBU Module
• An 8-position modular to 8-position modular cable for the 4-wire SW56 and
1B+D ISDN dial-backup options. An 8-position modular to 4-position modular
cable for the V.34 backup option.
You must provide either a male EIA-232 (standard DB25) or a male V.35 interface
cable.
For SNMP management, you must provide access to the CSU/DSU MS DBU
through either a SLIP port, an async PPP port (requires a male DB25 connector),
or a 10BASE-T Ethernet port (requires that an SNMP Ethernet Module be installed
19
CSU/DSU MS DBU
in the CSU/DSU MS DBU). See Appendix A for the pin assignments of the control
port (for SLIP and Async PPP) and the Ethernet port.
POWER UP
The CSU/DSU MS DBU is provided with a captive 8-foot power cord, terminated
by a three-prong plug that connects to a grounded 115-VAC power receptacle.
CAUTION
Power to the DSU must be provided from a grounded 115-VAC, 60-Hz
receptacle.
2.2 Rear Panel
The rear panel contains two DTE connectors that provide primary-channel V.35 or
EIA-232. An 8-pin telco jack, a control port, a captive power cord, and a power
switch are also located on the rear panel. Pin assignments for these connectors are
listed in Appendix A. The CSU/DSU MS DBU rear panel is shown in Figure 2-1
with optional modules installed.
20
CHAPTER 2: Installation
S4W, V.34, or
ISDN DBU Card
DDS
10BASET LAN Card
DBU INTERFACE
LAN INTERFACE
10 BASE T
LAN
ISDN
DBU
115 VAC
60HZ.15A
V .35
TELCO
EIA-232
CONTROL
ON
4-wire
Telco Cable
EIA232 Cable
OFF
RJ45-to-DB25
Cable
V.35 Cable
DTE Device
VT 100 Terminal or
device running SLIP
or async PPP protocol
Bridge/Router
DTE Device
Figure 2-1. Rear View.
Item
DBU Interface
LAN Interface
Telco
EIA-232
Control
V.35
Power Switch
115-VAC Connection
Function
DBU module card slot
SNMP Ethernet Module slot
Connects to dedicated circuit
Connects to a DTE interface
Connects to a VT100 terminal or a device
running SLIP or async PPP protocol
High-speed DTE interface
Turns power on or off
Power Cord Connection
21
CSU/DSU MS DBU
DBU AND ETHERNET CARD SLOTS
CAUTION
Remove power from the unit prior to installing or removing modules.
The CSU/DSU MS DBU rear panel has two card slots for the installation of dialbackup and Ethernet cards. To insert cards:
1. Remove power from the CSU/DSU MS DBU.
2. Slide the card into the corresponding rear slot until the card panel is flush
with the CSU/DSU MS DBU chassis.
3. Push card locks in (until they click) to secure the card and ensure proper
installation.
NOTE
Card slots are keyed to prevent improper installation.
TELCO CONNECTOR: NETWORK INTERFACE CONNECTION
The CSU/DSU MS DBU has an 8-position modular jack labeled TELCO.
The telco connector is used for connecting to the DDS network.
The pinout for this connector is listed in Appendix A.
Each DBU module has a connector which is used for connection to the switched
backup network. The pinout for the connector depends on the card type.
Pinouts for 4-wire Switched 56, V.34, and ISDN 1B+D DBU options are shown
in Appendix A.
EIA-232 AND V.35 CONNECTORS: DTE DATA CONNECTION/PRIMARY DTE
The primary DTE should be connected to either the EIA-232 DTE connector or
the V.35 DTE connector. The maximum cable lengths recommended are 50 feet
(15 m) for the EIA-232, and 100 feet (30 m) for the V.35. The pin assignments
for the connectors are listed in Appendix A.
The V.35 connector is recommended for use with data rates above 19.2 kbps.
The EIA-232 connector works up to 56 kbps with a low-capacitance cable or with
the external-transmit-clock option selected. The primary DTE rate is configured
from the front panel. The primary DTE equipment can operate in asynchronous
or synchronous modes.
22
CHAPTER 2: Installation
CAUTION
To prevent possible radio-frequency interference emissions, a shielded
cable is required.
CONTROL PORT
The CSU/DSU MS DBU has an 8-position modular jack labeled CONTROL.
The control port provides connection to a VT100 EIA-232 compatible interface,
a device running SLIP protocol, or a device running Async PPP protocol. An 8-foot
adapter connector and cable provide a standard DB25 EIA-232 interface. See
Appendix A for the control port’s pin assignments. A description of the operation
of this port is in Chapter 3.
The control port also functions as the SLIP or async PPP port when configured
for SNMP management. The pinouts are identical when operating in an SNMP
management mode.
23
CSU/DSU MS DBU
3. Operation
The CSU/DSU MS DBU is shown in Figure 3-1. Descriptions of each part of the
front panel follow.
CSU/DSU MS DBU
ENTER
RS
CS
TD
RD
CD
ALM
TST
A
B
C
1
2
3
D
E
F
4
5
6
7
8
CANCEL
*
9
QUICK
SHIFT
0
#
Figure 3-1. Front Panel.
LCD WINDOWS
Displays menu items and messages in 2 lines by 16 characters.
ENTER
Selects active menu items. To select a menu item, press the number of the item.
The menu item flashes, indicating it is activated. Press Enter to select the menu
item.
KEYPAD
The keypad contains dual-function keys numbered 0 through 9 with letters A
through F. These keys are used to activate menu items and enter information.
SHIFT
Enter letters by pressing and releasing Shift before pressing the key representing
the desired character. To activate a menu item designated by an alpha character
rather than a number press Shift and then the letter. The menu item flashes,
indicating which parameter is activated. Press Enter to select the item.
If a key is pressed without using Shift, the numbered item becomes active instead
of the lettered item.
24
CHAPTER 3: Operation
CANCEL
Pressing the Cancel key stops the current activity and returns to the previous
menu. Repeat until the desired menu level is reached. When a submenu item
is displayed, press Cancel to exit the current display and return to the previous
menu.
UP AND DOWN ARROWS
Up and Down Arrows scroll through the submenu items available in the
current menu.
LED DESCRIPTIONS
The CSU/DSU MS DBU has seven LED indicators: RS, CS, TD, RD, CD, ALM,
and TST.
RS (Request to Send)
Reflects the status of the Request to Send pin of the
DTE interface.
CS (Clear to Send)
Reflects the status of the Clear to Send pin of the
DTE interface.
TD (Transmit Data)
This LED is active when data is transmitted from
the DTE.
RD (Receive Data)
This LED is active when data is received from the
network.
CD (Carrier Detect)
This LED is active when frame synchronization is
achieved and the CSU/DSU MS DBU is ready to
transfer data.
TST (Test Mode)
This LED is on whenever the unit is in test mode.
ALM (Alarm Indication) This LED activates whenever an alarm condition exists.
Alarm conditions include:
• Open loop on network
• No frame synchronization
• Unit in dial backup
• Problem on dial-backup line
25
CSU/DSU MS DBU
FRONT-PANEL MENU NAVIGATION
To choose a menu item, press the corresponding number or letter on the keypad.
Press Shift to activate menu items with alpha selections. The flashing menu item
indicates which selection is activated. Press Enter to select the item. The following
steps and Figure 3-2 illustrate how to select CSU/DSU MS DBU options:
1. Activate Configuration (CONFIG) by pressing 3. The activated menu item
will flash. Press Enter.
2. Select LOCAL or REMOTE configuration by pressing the corresponding
number, then press Enter.
3. Use the arrow keys to view submenu items.
4. Choose an item on the submenu such as Network Options (NETWORK OPT).
5. Activate NETWORK OPT by pressing 1. Press Enter.
6. Activate LOOP RATE options by pressing 1. Press Enter.
7. Press the number corresponding to the desired loop rate. Press Enter.
1=NETWORK OPT.
2=DTE OPTIONS
2=REMOTE 3=TEST OPTIONS
4=DIAL OPTIONS
5=MANAGEMENT
6=UTILITIES
1=LOCAL
3=CONFIG
1=LOOP RATE
2=NETWORK ADDR.
3=REMOTE CONFIG
4=NETWORK TYPE
5=CLOCK SOURCE
Figure 3-2. Example of Basic Menu Navigation.
FRONT-PANEL MENU STRUCTURE
The CSU/DSU MS DBU uses a multilevel menu approach to access its many
features. All menu operations are displayed in the LCD window or the terminal.
See Figure 3-3 for the terminal Main menu.
The opening menu is the access point to all other operations. Each Main menu
item has several functions and submenus to identify and access specific parameters.
26
CHAPTER 3: Operation
Front-panel LCD display of the Main menu:
1=STATUS
2=TEST
3=CONFIG
4=DIAL
NOTE
The Dial selection in the Main menu is only available when a SW56
network type is selected or when a DBU card is installed in the rear of
the CSU/DSU MS DBU.
MAIN MENU
The branches of the front-panel Main menu are divided into options for Status,
Test, Configuration (CONFIG), and Dial.
Status
Status menus display all relevant information for the network and DTE interfaces.
The system returns to the status display when idle. For more information,
see Chapter 14, Viewing Status Information.
Test
Use Test menus to control local and remote testing. Select local or remote testing,
and the type of test and test pattern when required. For more information,
see Chapter 12.
Configuration
Use Configuration menus to select network and DTE operating parameters,
configure testing and dialing options, select management functions, and configure
unit utilities. This menu branch is divided into several chapters for easier
reference. The division includes a brief overview chapter followed by a separate
chapter for each of the six submenus: Configuring Network Options (Chapter 6),
Configuring DTE Options (7), Configuring Test Options (8), Configuring Dial
Options (9), Configuring Management Functions (10), and Configuring Unit
Utilities (11).
Dial
Dial provides manual dial backup or SW56 dial functions. For more information,
see Chapter 13.
27
CSU/DSU MS DBU
VT100 Terminal Connection and Operation
To control the CSU/DSU MS DBU using a VT100 terminal:
1. Select a terminal interface through the front panel. Select 3 CONFIG,
5 MANAGEMENT, 1 INTERFACE, 1 TERM CONTROL.
2. Set the CONTROL RATE to match the VT100 terminal.
3. Using the provided VT100 terminal adapter cable, connect the COM port
of a VT100 compatible terminal or equivalent to the eight-pin modular jack
labeled CONTROL on the rear of the CSU/DSU MS DBU. This connection is
used for both local and remote configuration.
4. Establish the connection and press Enter repeatedly until the Terminal Menu
appears (Figure 3-3).
5. Make selections by entering the number corresponding to the chosen
parameter. Press ESC to return to the previous screen.
NOTE
Due to the increased display capabilities, the VT100 menu structure
differs from the front-panel interface. Appendix C includes the VT100
screens as well as a complete menu tree for accessing configuration
selections. Descriptions of individual menu options are provided
throughout this manual based on the front-panel menu structure. See
Figure 5-1 for the front-panel configuration menu tree.
When establishing a TELNET session, the system prompts for a
password. The default password is “blackbox.” This password can be
modified through the Management menu. See Chapter 10 for more
information.
28
CHAPTER 3: Operation
TERMINAL MENU
1
2
4
5
6
STATUS
LOCAL CONFIG
LOCAL TEST
REMOTE TEST
DIAL SW56
ESC = EXIT
ENTER SELECTION ->
Figure 3-3. Terminal Interface Main Menu (SW56 Mode).
29
CSU/DSU MS DBU
4. Applications
This chapter provides examples of some common CSU/DSU MS DBU
applications. The examples include LAN applications with both SLIP/PPP
and Ethernet management and a dial-backup application.
4.1 LAN Application with SNMP/TELNET Management
The CSU/DSU MS DBU can be managed through an established TELNET
session or an SNMP-based network manager like HP® OpenView®, IBM® NetView®,
or SunNet Manager.
NOTE
The Black Box CSU/DSU MS DBU MIB is available in support section of
the Black Box Web page at www.blackbox.com.
SNMP and TELNET management are provided by one of the following interfaces:
• A device (a router, for example) running SLIP protocol. Connection
is made through the CSU/DSU MS DBU’s control port. See Figure 4-1.
• A device (a router, for example) running async PPP protocol. Connection
is made through the CSU/DSU MS DBU’s control port. See Figure 4-1.
• A LAN. Connection is made through the optional 10BASE-T Ethernet
interface provided on the SNMP Ethernet Module (part number MT140C).
See Figure 4-2.
30
CHAPTER 4: Applications
SNMP Management Station
DDS or Frame Relay
LAN
SLIP/PPP
LAN
SLIP/PPP
Router
Router
EIA 232 or V.35
CSU/DSU MS DBU
CSU/DSU MS DBU
EIA 232 or V.35
Figure 4-1. SLIP/PPP LAN Application with SNMP/TELNET
Management.
SNMP Management Station
Ethernet
LAN
DDS or Frame Relay
Ethernet
LAN
Router
Router
EIA 232 or V.35
CSU/DSU MS DBU
EIA 232 or V.35
CSU/DSU MS DBU
Figure 4-2. Ethernet LAN Application with SNMP/TELNET Management.
31
CSU/DSU MS DBU
MINIMUM CONFIGURATION REQUIREMENTS FOR SNMP/TELNET ACCESS
The following options are the minimum configuration requirements for
establishing SNMP or TELNET access. Once these options are configured,
the remaining options may be configured using SNMP/TELNET. See the menu
tree in Figure 10-1 in Chapter 10 for the front-panel menu path to these options.
Interface
Select SLIP Control, PPP Control, or Ethernet LAN as the CSU/DSU MS DBU
interface type. The SNMP Ethernet Module must be installed to select Ethernet
LAN.
IP Address
Enter the CSU/DSU MS DBU IP address.
Subnet Mask
Enter the subnet number. This address is available from the network
administrator.
Gateway IP Address (if required)
Enter the Gateway node IP address. This address is necessary only if the CSU/DSU
MS DBU and the network manager are connected through a Gateway node. This
address is available from the network administrator.
SPECIAL FEATURES OF THIS APPLICATION
Customize the SNMP/TELNET application using the following CSU/DSU MS
DBU features:
• Designate SNMP hosts to receive SNMP traps from the CSU/DSU MS DBU
(one to five entries).
• Secure the CSU/DSU MS DBU by limiting SNMP network management
access. If enabled, the CSU/DSU MS DBU only responds to a user-configured
list of SNMP network managers (one to five entries).
Configure these options through the Management portion of the Configuration
menu. See Chapter 10 for more information.
32
CHAPTER 4: Applications
4.2 Dial-Backup Application
The CSU/DSU MS DBU provides point-to-point connection to the network.
With one of the DBU module cards installed, the unit is capable of dial backup,
allowing the unit to dial around a failed network. See Figure 4-3.
With the DBU options, you can configure the unit to:
• Enter DBU under specific primary network conditions.
• Lock out DBU over the weekend and/or at specified times of the day.
• Dial a specified number when a DBU activation condition is detected.
V.34, ISDN, 4-Wire,
Switched 56
Switched
Network
DTE Device
DTE Device
DDS
CSU/DSU MS DBU
CSU/DSU MS DBU
Figure 4-3. Dial-Backup Application.
ENTERING DIAL-BACKUP MODE
When a condition for entering dial-backup mode is detected, the Alarm LED turns
on and the buzzer sounds. The buzzer alternates between 30 seconds on and 30
seconds off unless the DDS line is restored or unless it is disabled by using the
Quick key and selecting Turn Off Beep. See Figure 3-1 in Chapter 3 for more
information on the Quick key.
33
CSU/DSU MS DBU
OPERATION DURING CRITICAL TIMES
The following four conditions will cause a CSU/DSU MS DBU to enter dial-backup
mode:
Loss of Sealing Current
Sealing current is a low-voltage DC current provided by the central office (CO)
to prevent corrosion over the copper wires used in the local loop. Sealing current
may also be used for local-loop testing purposes. An absence of sealing current
generally is an indication that the loop is open.
Out of Service (OOS) Signal
An OOS signal, generated by the network, indicates a device (or devices)
in the network is out of service.
No Receive Signal
This is an indication that the copper pairs in the local loop may be either open
or shorted, or that the OCU in the CO is inoperative. In a private network,
this may indicate that the transmitter of the remote DSU is inoperative.
All-1s or all-0s Condition
This condition is usually generated by the network to indicate that some device
(or devices) in the network is inoperative. Upon detecting an all-1s or all-0s
condition, the CSU/DSU MS DBU initiates a handshake routine to determine
whether the remote unit’s DTE is the source of the all-1s or all-0s condition or
whether an actual network failure exists.
Answer Always
When this option is enabled, the unit goes into DBU mode if a call is present
regardless of the status of the dedicated circuit. It is recommended that the
DBU Passcode be used in this mode, since inadvertent calls could stop data
flow indefinitely.
NOTE
The DBU Answer Test is disabled if this option is chosen.
OPERATION DURING NONCRITICAL TIMES
The CSU/DSU MS DBU may be configured not to enter dial-backup mode if Data
Terminal Ready (DTR) is low. This feature prevents the CSU/DSU MS DBU from
entering dial backup during noncritical times such as nights and weekends.
For more information, see Chapter 9.
34
CHAPTER 4: Applications
Weekend and Time of Day Lockout
The CSU/DSU MS DBU may be configured not to enter dial-backup mode
at certain times of day or on weekends. This protects the customer from being
charged for a switched call during off hours should the dedicated circuit fail.
See Chapter 9 for more information.
CONDITIONS FOR RETURNING TO THE DDS CIRCUIT
The CSU/DSU MS DBU can be configured to automatically revert to the DDS
circuit from the dial-backup mode or wait to be returned to the DDS manually.
Once the CSU/DSU MS DBU enters dial-backup mode, the unit polls the DDS
circuit once every 100 ms to determine if the condition causing the DDS circuit
failure has been corrected. Once the CSU/DSU MS DBU determines that the
problem has been properly corrected and the DDS circuit is stable, it will wait
for the amount of time specified in the restore timer (1 to 255 minutes) before
reverting to the DDS circuit. Polling of the DDS circuit is non-intrusive and
return to the DDS circuit generally takes 2 to 3 seconds. The backup
connection is maintained for one minute after the DDS circuit is restored.
See Chapter 9 for more detailed information.
35
CSU/DSU MS DBU
5. Configuration Overview
The CSU/DSU MS DBU contains four different user profiles (sets of configuration
options) stored in read-only memory; see Appendix D. The unit is shipped from
the factory with profile number 1 (default configuration) loaded into the current
(nonvolatile configuration) memory. If profile 1 matches requirements for the
system, then no additional configuration is required to put the unit into service.
If profile 1 does not match system requirements, it can be modified or one of the
other profiles that more closely matches the system requirements can be loaded
into current memory. When a different profile is loaded or the existing profile
is modified, it is stored in the current (nonvolatile configuration) memory.
The CSU/DSU MS DBU is then configured with that profile every time
power is turned on or the unit is reset.
Configuration Methods
The CSU/DSU MS DBU responds to the following methods of configuration:
• AT commands
• V.25 commands
• Front-panel commands
• A VT100 compatible terminal
• SNMP/TELNET through a device running SLIP/PPP protocol
• SNMP/TELNET through a LAN running Ethernet protocol (available when
the SNMP Ethernet Module is installed)
AT and V.25 commands have limited access to configuration parameters. The
commands are detailed in the following sections of this chapter. See Chapters 2
and 3 for more information on all other configuration methods. For an example
application using the SLIP/PPP or Ethernet interface, see Chapter 4.
Descriptions of each Configuration menu item are given in Chapters 6 through 10.
A complete Configuration menu for the front panel is shown in Figure 5-1. The
VT100 menu tree is shown in Appendix C.
36
CHAPTER 5: Configuration Overview
NOTE
Because a VT100 terminal has better display capabilities, the VT100
menu structure differs from the front-panel interface. Appendix C
includes the VT100 screens as well as a complete menu tree for
accessing configuration selections. Descriptions of individual menu
options are provided throughout this manual based on the front-panel
menu structure. See Figure 5-1 for the front-panel configuration menu
tree.
COMMANDS
The CSU/DSU MS DBU can be configured and controlled with in-band AT
commands from an asynchronous DTE port just as modems are.
To exit the data mode and enter the command mode, the asynchronous DTE
device must transmit a proper escape sequence of three pluses (+++) to the
CSU/DSU MS DBU. A specified time delay must occur between the last data
character and the first escape sequence character. This is the guard-time delay,
and it can be changed by writing a value to the S12 register. The default value for
the guard time is one second. For a valid escape sequence to occur, the DTE must
transmit the escape-code character three times in succession with delay between
each character being less than the guard time.
Once the command mode is entered, AT commands can be transmitted to the
CSU/DSU MS DBU to configure most of the options or initiate tests to check
both the CSU/DSU MS DBU and the network connections. All command lines
must begin with “AT” in either capital or lower-case letters.
The command line may contain a single command or a series of commands after
the AT attention code. When a series of commands is used, the individual
commands may be separated by spaces for readability. The maximum length for a
command line is 40 characters. Each command line is executed by the CSU/DSU
MS DBU upon receipt of a terminating character. The default terminating
character is a carriage return (ASCII 013), but it can be changed by writing a
different value to register S3.
Before the terminating character is transmitted, the command line can be edited
by using the backspace character (ASCII 008) to erase errors so the proper
commands can be entered.
NOTE
Not all parameters can be selected using these commands. Valid
commands are listed in Appendix B.
37
CSU/DSU MS DBU
1=LOOP RATE
1=NETWORK OPT.
1=AUTO
2=2.4K
3=4.8K
4=9.6K
5=19.2K
6=38.4K
7=56K
8=64K
2=NETWORK ADDR.
ENTER NETWORK
ADDRESS:00
3=REMOTE CONFIG.
1=DISABLED
2=ENABLED
4=NETWORK TYPE
1=DEDICATED
2=AT&T/MCI SW56
3=US SPRINT SW56
5=CLOCK SOURCE
1=MASTER
2=FROM NETWORK
2=DTE OPTIONS
1=TEST TIMOUT
2-RDL EN/DIS
1=RDL IGNORED
2=RDL ACCEPTED
3=EIA LLB EN/DIS
1=DISABLED
2=ENABLED
4=EIA RLB EN/DIS
1=DISABLED
2=ENABLED
5=DBU ANS. TEST
1=DISABLED
2=ENABLED
1=MANUAL COMMAND
COMMAND: 00
COMMAND: HH
VALUE:00
1=CURRENT
TIME=23:01:59
DATE=08/15/97
2=SET TIME
1=SET HOURS
1=LOCAL
3=TEST OPTIONS
3=CONFIG
2=REMOTE ENTER ADDRESS
ENTER TIMOUT
(0=OFF) : 00 SEC
4=DIAL OPTIONS
5=MANAGEMENT
6=UTILITIES
2=TIME/DATE
2=SET MINUTES
3=SET SECONDS
3=SET DATE
1=SET MONTH
2=SET DAY
3=SET YEAR
3=SOFTWARE REV.
VERSION CHKSUM
REV X
XXXX
4=LAN MAC ADDR.
5=SERIAL NUMBER
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
Figure 5-1. Front-Panel Configuration Menu Tree.
38
CHAPTER 5: Configuration Overview
1=2.4K
2=4.8K
3=9.6K
4=19.2K
5=38.4K
6=56K/57.6K
7=SAME AS LOOP
1=DTE RATE
1=SCRAMBLER OFF
2=SCRAMBLER ON
3=SUPPRESS LBE
1=EIA 232
2=V.35
2=CONNECTOR TYPE
3=DATA FORMAT
1=ASYNCHRONOUS
2=SYNCHRONOUS
1=ASYNC 9 BITS
2=ASYNC 10 BITS
3=ASYNC 11 BITS
1=DISABLED
2=AT COMMAND SET
3=V.25 SYNC
4=V.25 BSC/ASYNC
4=DTE CMD OPTION
1=NORMAL
2=EXTERNAL
3=INVERT
5=TRANSMIT CLOCK
6=CS OPTIONS
7=ANTI-STREAM
1=TIMER OFF
2=TIME 10 SEC.
3=TIME 30 SEC.
4=TIME 60 SEC.
8=CD OPTIONS
1=FORCED ON
2=FOLLOWS RS
3=FOLLOWS CD
1=CS DELAY SHORT
2=CS DELAY LONG
4=FOLLOWS RS+CD
5=OFF WITH LOCD
1-CS DELAY SHORT
2=CS DELAY LONG
1=FORCED ON
2=NORMAL
3=OFF WITH LOCD
9=TR OPTIONS
These selections are dependant upon the operation mode (SW56 or DBU). See the chapter
Configuring DTE Options for more information.
A=SR OPTIONS
1=FORCED ON
2=OFF OOS ONLY
3=OFF LOCD ONLY
4=OFF TEST ONLY
5=OFF TEST + OOS
6=OFF TEST + LOCD
1=PHONE NUMBERS
2=SW56 AUTO ANS
1=INTERFACE
1=VT100 CONTROL
2=SLIP CONTROL
3=PPP CONTROL
4=ETHERNET LAN
2=CONTROL RATE
ENTER CURRENT
HOUR (HH):01
ENTER CURRENT
SEC. (SS):01
4=SNMP OPTIONS
5=TRAP IP ADR
6=SYS NAME
7=SYS CONTACT
8=SYS LOCATION
9=AUTHEN TRAP
ENTER CURRENT
MONTH (MM):01
ENTER CURRENT
DAY (DD):07
ENTER CURRENT
YEAR (YY):97
1=GET COMMUNITY
2=SET COMMUNITY
3=TRAP COMMUNITY
4=SNMP TRAPS
NNNNNNN
1=DISABLED
2=ENABLED
These selections are dependant upon the DBU card.
See the chapter Configuring Dial Options for this portion of the menu tree.
4=DBU PASSCODE
1=ENABLE/DISABLE
1=DISABLE
2=ENABLE
1=1200 BPS
2=2400 BPS
3=9600 BPS
2=ENTER CODE
XXXX
1=UNIT IP ADR
2=SUBNET MASK
3=GATEWAY IP ADR
4=IP SECURITY
3=IP OPTIONS
ENTER CURRENT
MIN (MM):01
3=DBU OPTIONS
STORED NUMBER TO
EDIT (1-10):
5=IP FILTER ADDR
1=DISABLED
2=ENABLED
ENTER SOURCE IP
NUMBER (1-5):1
1=DISABLE
2=GENERIC ONLY
3=ENABLE ALL
ENTER TRAP IP
NUMBER (1-5):1
1=DISABLED
2=ENABLED
1=TELN PASSWORD
5=TELNET OPTIONS
2=TELNET TIMEOUT
1=10 MINUTES
2=30 MINUTES
3=60 MINUTES
Figure 5-1 (continued). Front-Panel Configuration Menu Tree.
39
CSU/DSU MS DBU
V.25 BIS COMMANDS
When configured for the V.25 bis option, the CSU/DSU MS DBU accepts in-band
dialing and configuration commands from both synchronous and asynchronous
DTE ports.
The V.25 bis option supports the following protocols:
• SDLC
• Bi-Sync
• Asynchronous
SDLC Option
Character Format
• Data bits - 8
• Parity bit - Ignored
Command Structure
[F][A][C][V.25 bis COMMAND][FCS][F]
The address field [A] is FFH. The control field [C] is set to 13H except for cases of
multi-frame responses. For this case, the control field is set to 03H in all but the last
frame. The 03H in the control field indicates that other frames are to follow, while
the 13H in the control field indicates the final frame.
Bi-Sync Option
Character Format
• Data bits - 7
• Parity bit - Odd
Command Structure
[SYN][SYN][STX][V.25 bis COMMAND][ETX]
Asynchronous Option
Character Format
• Start bit - 1
• Data bits - 7
• Parity bit - Even
• Stop bit
-1
Command Structure
[V.25 bis COMMAND][CR][LF]
40
CHAPTER 5: Configuration Overview
Special V.25 Configuration Commands
In addition to the CCITT commands supported, Black Box has added
configuration commands for both local and remote DSUs:
CNL
CNR
Configuration local
Configuration remote
Possible responses to V.25 bis commands follows:
VALA
INV
INVCU
INVPS
INVPV
INVBL
INVBM
Valid V.25 command processed
An invalid command detected
Unknown command detected
Invalid parameter syntax
Invalid parameter value
Invalid local password
Invalid remote password
If verbose responses are disabled (ATV0), the following three-character responses
are the only ones returned:
VAL
INV
Valid V.25 command processed
Invalid command received
Syntax and Possible Responses
CNL (Configuration Local)
This command is used to pass AT commands to the local DSU via the V.25 bis
command processor. This allows the CSU/DSU MS DBU to be configured with AT
commands using a synchronous interface. The format is as follows:
CNL[LOCAL PASSWORD];AT[ONE OR MORE AT COMMANDS]
A local password may not be required depending on the present configuration of
the unit. Responses to CNL commands are returned in the data format currently
configured. The possible responses are VALA and INVAn.
This command is used to pass AT commands over the network to the remote DSU
via the V.25 bis command processor. This allows a remote CSU/DSU MS DBU to
be configured from a synchronous interface. The format of this command follows:
CNR[REMOTE PASSWORD];AT[ONE OR MORE AT COMMANDS]
The remote password may or may not be required depending on the present
configuration of the remote unit. Responses to the CNR commands are returned
in the data format currently configured. Possible responses are VAL and INVAn.
41
CSU/DSU MS DBU
6. Configuring Network Options
The Network Options configuration parameters control the loop operation of the
CSU/DSU MS DBU. Once a parameter is set, “Command Accepted” is displayed
briefly before returning to the active menu. Table 6-1 shows the AT commands
used to set the Network Options. See Figure 6-1 for the Network Options menu
tree.
Table 6-1. Network Options AT Commands
Front Panel
Loop Rate
AUTO
2.4K
4.8K
9.6K
19.2K
38.4K
56K
64K
Network Address
XX (decimal)
Remote Configuration
1=DISABLED
2=ENABLED
Network Type
1=DEDICATED
2=AT&T/MCI® SW56
3=US SPRINT® SW56
Clock Source
1=MASTER
2=FROM NETWORK
42
AT Command
%B0
%B1
%B2
%B3
%B4
%B5
%B6
%B7
_N=xx
&P4
&P5
none
none
none
_X0
_X1
CHAPTER 6: Configuring Network Options
1=LOOP RATE
1=NETWORK OPT.
1=LOCAL
3=CONFIG
2=REMOTE
2=DTE OPTIONS
3=TEST OPTIONS
ENTER ADDRESS 4=DIAL OPTIONS
5=MANAGEMENT
6=UTILITIES
1=AUTO
2=2.4K
3=4.8K
4=9.6K
5=19.2K
6=38.4K
7=56K
8=64K
2=NETWORK ADDR.
ENTER NETWORK
ADDRESS:00
3=REMOTE CONFIG.
1=DISABLED
2=ENABLED
4=NETWORK TYPE
1=DEDICATED
2=AT&T/MCI SW56
3=US SPRINT SW56
5=CLOCK SOURCE
1=MASTER
2=FROM NETWORK
Figure 6-1. Network Options Menu Tree.
6.1 Loop Rate
The Loop Rate option sets the loop operating speed. The unit should be set
to the rate required by the DDS service. The CSU/DSU MS DBU also supports
subrate DTE data over a 56-kbps or 64-kbps loop. The loop rate must be set
independently of the DTE rate. Eight loop-rate selections are available
(shown in Figure 6-1).
The default factory setting is Auto. The various loop rates and format selections
are listed in Table 6-1 with the equivalent AT commands that perform the same
configuration functions.
6.2 Network Address
A two-digit decimal address can be assigned to each CSU/DSU MS DBU.
This addressing capability makes it possible to perform remote configuration
and testing in point-to-point and multi-drop networks. Figure 6-1 shows the
menu path used to change the network address. The factory default setting is 0.
43
CSU/DSU MS DBU
6.3 Remote Configuration
This option sets up the CSU/DSU MS DBU to accept or reject remote
configuration commands. The factory-default setting is Enabled.
CAUTION
Any type of remote configuration disrupts data flow.
6.4 Network Type
Select the appropriate network type. The choices are dedicated, AT&T/MCI
SW56, and US Sprint SW56.
6.5 Clock Source
The Clock Source option specifies the timing source for the CSU/DSU MS DBU’s
internal circuitry. The factory-default setting is From Network.
When operating on a DDS network, the timing should be From Network. On a
point-to-point private network, one CSU/DSU MS DBU must be set for Master,
the other set for From Network.
44
CHAPTER 7: Configuring DTE Options
7. Configuring DTE Options
The DTE Options menu is used to select the configuration parameters that control
the operation of the DTE Interface of the CSU/DSU MS DBU. The DTE Options
menu tree is shown in Figure 7-1. Table 7-1 shows the available options and their
AT commands.
1=DTE RATE
1=NETWORK OPT.
2=DTE OPTIONS
3=TEST OPTIONS
4=DIAL OPTIONS
5=MANAGEMENT
6=UTILITIES
1=LOCAL
3=CONFIG
1=2.4K
2=4.8K
3=9.6K
4=19.2K
5=38.4K
6=56K/57.6K
7=SAME AS LOOP
2=CONNECTOR TYPE
1=EIA 232
2=V.35
3=DATA FORMAT
1=ASYNCHRONOUS
2=SYNCHRONOUS
4=DTE CMD OPTION
1=DISABLED
2=AT COMMAND SET
3=V.25 SYNC
4=V.25 BSC/ASYNC
2=REMOTE ENTER ADDRESS
5=TRANSMIT CLOCK
6=CS OPTIONS
7=ANTI-STREAM
1=ASYNC 9 BITS
2=ASYNC 10 BITS
3=ASYNC 11 BITS
1=NORMAL
2=EXTERNAL
3=INVERT
1=FORCED ON
2=FOLLOWS RS
3=FOLLOWS CD
1=CS DELAY SHORT
2=CS DELAY LONG
4=FOLLOWS RS+CD
5=OFF WITH LOCD
1=CS DELAY SHORT
2=CS DELAY LONG
1=TIMER OFF
2=TIME 10 SEC.
3=TIME 30 SEC.
4=TIME 60 SEC.
8=CD OPTIONS
9=TR OPTIONS
1=SCRAMBLER OFF
2=SCRAMBLER ON
3=SUPPRESS LBE
1=IGNORED
2=IDLE WHEN OFF
3=OFF>ON DIAL #1
4=OFF>ON DIAL #2
5=NO DBU IF OFF
A=SR OPTIONS
1=FORCED ON
2=NORMAL
3=OFF WITH LOCD
1=FORCED ON
2=OFF OOS ONLY
3=OFF LOCD ONLY
4=OFF TEST ONLY
5=OFF TEST + OOS
6=OFF TEST + LOCD
Figure 7-1. DTE Options Menu Tree.
45
CSU/DSU MS DBU
Table 7-1. DTE Options AT Commands
Front Panel
AT
Command
DTE Rate
1=2.4K
2=4.8K
3=9.6K
4=19.2K
5=38.4K
6=56K/57.6K
7=SAME AS LOOP
1=SCRAMBLER OFF
%K3
%K4
%K5
%K6
%K7
%K8
%K9
_F0
2=SCRAMBLER ON
_F1
3=SUPPRESS LBE
_F2
Data Format
1=ASYNCHRONOUS
2=SYNCHRONOUS
DTE CMD Option
1=DISABLED
2=AT COMMAND SET
3=V.25 SYNC
4=V.25 BSC/ASYNC
Transmit Clock
1=NORMAL
2=EXTERNAL
3=INVERT
CS Options
1=FORCED ON
2=FOLLOWS RS
3=FOLLOWS CD
4=FOLLOWS RS+CD
46
Description
DTE rate: 2.4K sync and async
DTE rate: 4.8K sync and async
DTE rate: 9.6K sync and async
DTE rate: 19.2K sync and async
DTE rate: 38.4K sync and async
DTE rate: 56K sync or 57.6K async
DTE rate matches loop rate
DTE data scrambler disabled (64-kbps loop
rate only)
DTE data scrambler enabled (64-kbps loop
rate only)
Suppresses loopback-enable code (LBE) in
transmit data from the DTE after 30 bytes in
a row detected (64-kbps loop rate only)
&Q0
&Q2
Asynchronous DTE operation mode
Synchronous DTE operation mode
none
none
none
Disables all DTE command modes
Enables AT command mode for DTE
Enables V.25 (SDLC) command mode for
DTE
Enables V.25 (bisync or async) command
mode for DTE
none
&X0
&X1
&X3
TX clock from DSU selected
ETC clock from DTE selected
Inverted Tx clock from DSU selected
&R0
&R1
&R2
&R3
CS always on
CS state same as RS state
CS state same as CD state
CS state same as RS and CD state
CHAPTER 7: Configuring DTE Options
Table 7-1 (continued). DTE Options AT Commands
Front Panel
AT
Command
Description
CS Options (continued)
5=OFF WITH LOCD
&R4
Off 5 sec after LOCD (SW56 only)
For Follows RS options, select the length of the delay.
1=CS DELAY SHORT
_D0
Short delay from RS to CS selected
2=CS DELAY LONG
_D1
Long delay from RS to CS selected
Anti-Stream
1=TIMER OFF
%T0
Anti-stream timer disabled
2=TIME 10 SEC.
%T1
Timeout equals 10 seconds
3=TIME 30 SEC.
%T2
Timeout equals 30 seconds
4=TIME 60 SEC.
%T3
Timeout equals 60 seconds
CD Options
1=FORCED ON
&C0
On all the time
2=NORMAL
&C1
On only when data present on loop
3=OFF WITH LOCD
&C2
On except after disconnect (SW56 only)
TR Options
1=IGNORED
&D0
Ignore the TR input
2=IDLE WHEN OFF
&D2
See the note on the next page.
3=OFF>ON DIAL #1
&D3
Dial Stored #1: TR goes off to on (SW56
only)
4=OFF >ON DIAL #2
&D4
Dial Stored #2: TR goes off to on (SW56
only)
5=NO DBU IF OFF
&D3
No dial backup if TR is off.
(valid only when DBU
module is installed and
Network Type is set to
DEDICATED)
SR Options
1=FORCED ON
&S0_C1 Always on
2=OFF OOS ONLY
&S1_C1 Off when network out of service
3=OFF LOCD ONLY
&S3
Off 5 sec after disconnect (SW56 only)
4=OFF TEST ONLY
&S0_C0 Off for test only
5=OFF TEST+OOS
&S1_C0 Off for test and OOS
6=OFF TEST + LOCD
&S5
Off 5 sec after disconnect or test.
47
CSU/DSU MS DBU
NOTE
For IDLE WHEN OFF option: In SW56 mode, TR off causes the DSU to go
On Hook (Idle). The unit does not dial out if TR is off. In dedicated mode,
the DSU goes into DTE command mode when TR goes off. When TR
goes on, if the DSU does not receive a command in the number of
seconds set in S40, the DSU goes into data mode.
7.1 DTE Rate
If a DTE rate higher than the current loop rate is selected, the DTE rate
automatically set to match the slower loop rate; the CSU/DSU MS DBU briefly
displays DTE RATE SAME AS THE NETWORK before returning to the status
screen. The factory-default setting is SAME AS LOOP.
If the CSU/DSU MS DBU is set for a loop rate of 64 kbps, then scrambler
on/off options are available. The factory-default setting is Scrambler Off.
CAUTION
For 64-kbps clear-channel operation, the DTE data sequences might
mimic network loop-maintenance functions and erroneously cause
other network elements to activate loopbacks. To prevents this, the
Scrambler On option should be selected for both the local and remote
CSU/DSU MS DBU.
7.2 Connector Type
The Connector Type option is used to specify which of the primary channel
connectors is used to connect to the DTE. The factory-default setting is V.35.
There are no AT commands available to set the connector type.
7.3 Data Format
The Data Format option is used to select either the synchronous or asynchronous
mode of operation for the DTE interface. The factory-default setting is
Synchronous. If asynchronous is chosen, the length of the data bytes must be
selected.
Table 7-1 shows the AT commands that can be used to set the Data Format to
asynchronous or synchronous.
48
CHAPTER 7: Configuring DTE Options
7.4 DTE Command Option
The DTE Command option is used to enable a DTE command mode or disable
all modes. The available modes are AT, V.25 synchronous, and V.25
bisynchronous/asynchronous commands.
7.5 Transmit Clock
The Transmit clock option is used to select the source of the clock used to transfer
data from the DTE into the CSU/DSU MS DBU. Table 7-1 shows the AT
commands used to set the Transmit Clock options.
The External clock option is normally used in modem tail-circuit applications.
A DSU-to-modem interconnect diagram for this application is shown in Appendix
E. The External clock option is also recommended when the EIA-232 connector
is used for 56-kbps and 64-kbps applications. Using this option eliminates data
errors caused by excessive delays in the DTE transmit clock receiver and
transmit data driver.
The Invert clock option is recommended when the EIA-232 connector
is used for rates other than 56 kbps or 64 kbps.
7.6 Clear to Send (CS) Options
The CS Options menu is used to select the control mode for the CS lead.
The default factory setting is Follows RS with CS Delay Short.
If one of the options chosen involves request to send (RS), then the delay from
RS to CS must be selected. Table 7-1 shows the AT Commands used to set the
CS options.
Specified times for the short and long delays at the different operating speeds are
shown in Table 7-2.
Table 7-2. Short and Long Delays at Different Operating Speeds
Rate
Short Delay
Long Delay
64 ...................1.1 ms ................16.1 ms
56 ...................1.1 ms ................16.1 ms
19.2 ................1.5 ms ................16.5 ms
4.8 ................1.5 ms ................16.5 ms
2.4 ................1.5 ms ................16.5 ms
49
CSU/DSU MS DBU
7.7 Anti-Stream
The Anti-Stream option is used to select the anti-stream timeout. The anti-stream
timeout is the maximum time the CSU/DSU MS DBU transmits data into the
network from the DTE. This feature prevents one DTE device on a multi-drop
network from continuously tying up the transmit circuit back to the master DSU.
The anti-stream timer is reset to zero when RS changes to the active state and is
updated every second while RS is active. When the anti-stream timeout expires,
the CSU/DSU MS DBU stops transmitting DTE data into the network but
continues to accept data from it. This condition exists until the DTE
deactivates the RS input.
The factory-default setting is Timer Off. Table 7-1 shows the available options
and their AT commands.
7.8 CD Options
The CD Options menu is used to select the control mode for the receive
line signal detector (CD) lead. The factory-default setting is Normal.
Table 7-1 shows the equivalent AT commands for setting CD options.
7.9 Data Terminal Ready (TR) Options
The TR Options menu is used to select the CSU/DSU MS DBU response
to the Data Terminal Ready (TR) lead. The factory-default setting is Ignored.
Table 7-1 shows the equivalent AT commands for setting TR options.
NOTE
The NO DBU IF OFF selection is available only when a DBU module
is installed and the Network Type is set to DEDICATED.
To disable DBU when DTR is off, set this option for IDLE WHEN OFF.
7.10 Data Set Ready (SR) Options
The SR Options menu is used to select the operating mode for the Data
Set Ready (SR) lead. Use Shift + A to activate the SR Options submenu;
press Enter to enter the SR Options submenu. The factory-default setting
is Off Test Only. Table 7-1 shows the AT commands for setting SR options.
50
CHAPTER 8: Configuring Test Options
8. Configuring Test Options
The Test Options menu enables or disables different test modes and specifies
the maximum test time allowed. See Figure 8-1 for the Test Options menu tree.
The available options and their AT commands are listed in Table 8-1.
1=TEST TIMEOUT
1=LOCAL
3=CONFIG
2=REMOTE ENTER ADDRESS
1=NETWORK OPT.
2=DTE OPTIONS
3=TEST OPTIONS
4=DIAL OPTIONS
5=MANAGEMENT
6=UTILITIES
ENTER TIMEOUT
(0=OFF) : 00 SEC
2=RDL EN/DIS
1=RDL IGNORED
2=RDL ACCEPTED
3=EIA LLB EN/DIS
1=DISABLED
2=ENABLED
4=EIA RLB EN/DIS
1=DISABLED
2=ENABLED
5=DBU ANS. TEST
1=DISABLED
2=ENABLED
Figure 8-1. Test Options Menu Tree.
51
CSU/DSU MS DBU
Table 8-1. Test Options AT Commands
Front Panel
Test Timeout
ENTER TIMEOUT
RDL Enable/Disable
1=RDL IGNORED
2=RDL ACCEPTED
EIA LLB Enable/Disable
1=DISABLED
2=ENABLED
EIA RLB Enable/Disable
1=DISABLED
2=ENABLED
DBU Answer Test
1=DISABLED
2=ENABLED
AT Command
Description
S18=x
Specify 0-255 second test timeout
&T5
&T4
RDL request from remote DSU ignored
RDL request accepted
_A0
_A1
No response to local loopback
Responds to local loopback
_R0
_R1
No response to remote loopback
Responds to remote loopback
none
Remote unit does not accept DBU
tests from far end
Remote unit accepts DBU tests from
far end
none
TEST TIMEOUT
The Test Timeout option sets the length of time a CSU/DSU MS DBU remains in
a test mode before automatically returning to the data mode. Enter the timeout as
a two-digit decimal value. The factory-default setting is off (0).
REMOTE DIGITAL LOOPBACK (RDL)
The RDL option specifies whether the CSU/DSU MS DBU responds to an RDL
request from the far end of the circuit. The factory-default setting is RDL
Accepted.
EIA LLB
The EIA LLB (Electronics Industries Association local loopback) option specifies
whether the CSU/DSU MS DBU responds to the local loopback input from the
DTE. The factory-default setting is Disabled.
EIA RLB
The EIA RLB (remote loopback) option specifies whether the CSU/DSU MS DBU
responds to the RLB input from the DTE. The factory-default setting is Disabled.
52
CHAPTER 8: Configuring Test Options
DBU ANSWER TEST
The dial-backup connection can be tested while data is passing on the DDS.
In order for this test to be performed, DBU Answer Test must be enabled on
the remote unit. If DBU Answer Test is not enabled, the remote unit will not
accept a DBU test from the other end. The factory-default setting is Disabled.
NOTE
The DBU Answer Test is not available if the DBU Criteria option “Answer
Always” is Enabled.
53
CSU/DSU MS DBU
9. Configuring Dial Options
The Dial Options menu stores up to ten phone numbers, enables/disables the
SW56 auto answer capability, defines the dial-backup operation when the DDS
circuit fails, and programs the passcode security feature.
Figure 9-1 shows the full Dial Backup Options (4=Dial Options) menu.
Note that some items are restricted to certain DBU cards.
1=PHONE NUMBERS
2=SW56 AUTO ANS
STORED NUMBER TO
NNNNNNN
EDIT (1-10):
1=DISABLED
2=ENABLED
1=AUTOMATIC DBU
1=NETWORK OPT.
2=DTE OPTIONS
3=TEST OPTIONS
4=DIAL OPTIONS
3=CONFIG 5=MANAGEMENT
6=UTILITIES
1=DISABLED
2=ENABLED
2=NUMBER TO DIAL
3=DBU OPTIONS
3=ORIGIN/ANSWER
1=DBU WITH #1
2=DBU WITH #2
1=DBU ORIGINATE
2=DBU ANSWER
1=WHEN OOS
1=DISABLED
2=ENABLED
2=NO RX SIGNAL
1=DISABLED
2=ENABLED
3=NO SEAL CUR.
1=DISABLED
2=ENABLED
4=WHEN ALL 1s/0s
1=DISABLED
2=ENABLED
5=ANSWER ALWAYS
1=DISABLED
2=ENABLED
4=DBU CRITERIA
5=AUTO RESTORE
RESTORE TIMER
(0=OFF): 0 MIN
6=REDIAL COUNTER ENTER REDIAL
COUNT: 0
7=FAIL TIMER
AUTO DBU FAIL
TIME: 0X10 SEC
8=WAIT TO REDIAL
WAIT TO REDIAL
TIME: 0 SEC
SW4 DBU Option Card
9=NETWORK TYPE
1=AT&T/MCI/OTHER
2=US SPRINT
V.34 DBU Option Card
9=ERROR CONTROL 1=BUFFERED
2=DIRECT
3=RELIABLE MNP
4=AUTO MNP
5=RELIABLE V.42
6=REL. V.42/MNP
7=AUTO V.42/MNP
A=FLOW CONTROL
1=DISABLED
2=XON/XOFF
3=CTS ONLY
4=RTS/CTS
5=UNI. XON/OFF
B=COMPRESSION
1=DISABLED
2=ENABLED
ISDN DBU Option Card
1=AT&T 5ESS
2=NT DMS-100
3=NATIONAL ISDN
6=WEEKEND LCKOUT 1=DISABLED
2=ENABLED
7=DAILY LCKOUT
1=DISABLED
2=ENABLED
8=LOCKOUT START
LOCKOUT START
HR (0-23): xx
9=LOCKOUT END
LOCKOUT END
HR (0-23): xx
1=ENABLE/DISABLE
1=DISABLED
2=ENABLED
2=ENTER CODE
XXXX
9=SWITCH TYPE
4=DBU PASSCODE
Figure 9-1. Dial Options Configuration Menu Tree.
54
CHAPTER 9: Configuring Dial Options
9.1 Phone Numbers
The CSU/DSU MS DBU stores up to 10 numbers of 36 digits each. Edit a phone
number by reentering the entire number. This process overwrites the previously
stored number.
Table 9-1 shows the AT commands available for the Phone Number options.
ISDN DIAL BACKUP
Setting the Service Profile Identifier (SPID)
For ISDN dial backup, the service profile identifier (SPID) is stored in Stored
Number 9. The SPID is a sequence of digits identifying ISDN terminal equipment
to the ISDN switch when more than one ISDN set has been attached to the same
central-office line. The SPID is assigned by the telco when the ISDN line is
installed and normally resembles a phone number.
Only the AT&T 5ESS switch is capable of recognizing a point-to-point
configuration, eliminating the need for a SPID. All other switch types
require a SPID.
Setting the Local Directory (LDN) Number
For ISDN dial backup, the LDN is stored in Stored Number 10.
Table 9-1. AT Commands for Storing Phone Numbers
AT Command
&Zn=
&Z9=
&Z10=
Description
Store Phone Number
Enter SPID Number for ISDN dial backup
Edit LDN for ISDN dial backup
9.2 SW56 Auto Answer
The SW56 Auto Answer option is used to specify how incoming calls are to
be answered. If ENABLED, incoming calls are automatically answered by the
CSU/DSU MS DBU. If DISABLED, an incoming call can be answered manually,
by an AT or V.25 command from the DTE, or by raising TR from the DTE.
55
CSU/DSU MS DBU
9.3 DBU Options
The DBU Options are used to select the modes of operation for the Dial Backup
features. There are ten standard options available with additional options for
specific backup services. Table 9-2 lists the DBU options and their AT commands
for all models.
9.3.1 STANDARD DBU OPTIONS
Automatic DBU
The Automatic DBU option specifies whether the unit automatically enters dialbackup mode or waits for manual setup. The factory-default setting is Disabled.
Number to Dial
The Number to Dial option offers a selection of stored numbers for the unit to
automatically dial. If the leased line fails, and the CSU/DSU MS DBU is set to
originate, it dials the numbers (first #1, then #2) specified under this option
to set up the dial-backup line. The factory-default setting is Dial With #1.
Originate/Answer
This option specifies whether the CSU/DSU MS DBU originates or waits to answer
if the dedicated circuit fails. One end must be set to Originate and the other to
Answer. The factory-default setting is Answer.
DBU Criteria
These options specify the conditions that will cause the CSU/DSU MS DBU
to enter the backup mode.
When Out of Service (OOS): When enabled, the CSU/DSU MS DBU enters
backup mode if an out-of-service condition is detected. The factory-default
setting is Enable.
No Receive (RX) Signal: When enabled, the CSU/DSU MS DBU enters backup
mode when a loss of signal is detected. The factory-default setting is Enable.
No Sealing Current: When enabled, the CSU/DSU MS DBU enters backup mode
when a loss of sealing current is detected. The factory-default setting is Enable.
When all 1s/0s: When this option is enabled, the CSU/DSU MS DBU monitors
the receive data for strings of 1s or 0s that are longer than the Fail Timer. If this
condition is detected, the local CSU/DSU MS DBU initiates a handshake routine
with the remote unit to determine if the DTE is generating the constant data
pattern or if the network has failed.
56
CHAPTER 9: Configuring Dial Options
Answer Always: If enabled, the answer unit answers any incoming call regardless
of failed conditions.
Weekend Lockout: If enabled, no backup will occur from midnight Friday to
midnight Sunday.
NOTE
Weekend and daily lockout apply to automatic DBU only. Manual DBU
is not affected. Also, this parameter affects the originate end only. The
answer end remains DBU-capable at all times.
Daily Lockout: Enable/disable the daily lockout specified by the fields Enable
Hour and Disable Hour.
Lockout Start: Enter the hour that the daily lockout begins and dial backup is
disabled (0 to 23). Only applies if the Daily Lockout parameter is ENABLED.
Lockout End: Enter the hour that the daily lockout ends and dial backup is
reactivated (0 to 23). Only applies if the Daily Lockout parameter is ENABLED.
Auto Restore
Once the DDS circuit is down, the CSU/DSU MS DBU remains in backup until the
DDS circuit is active for the length of time specified for the restore timer. The
selection is entered in minutes (up to 255). If the restore timer is set to 0, the DDS
must be restored manually. The factory-default setting is 1 minute.
RESTORE TIMER
(0=OFF):
__
__ MIN
Redial Counter
This option sets the number of times the CSU/DSU MS DBU re-dials the far end
when entering backup mode. The redial count, which is manually entered, can be
up to a maximum of 99 attempts. If the CSU/DSU MS DBU encounters a busy or
reorder, it attempts to establish the call the specified number of times. The factorydefault setting is 5.
ENTER REDIAL
COUNT: __ __
57
CSU/DSU MS DBU
Fail Timer
This option sets the amount of time the dedicated circuit failure condition must be
active before the CSU/DSU MS DBU attempts backup. The amount of time, which
is manually entered, can be as long as 990 seconds and as short as 100 ms if the 0
(zero) option is selected. The factory-default setting is 30 seconds.
AUTO DBU FAIL
TIME: __ __ x 10sec
Wait to Redial
This option works in conjunction with the preceding Redial Counter. It selects the
amount of time between redial attempts to connect the backup line. The amount
of time, which is manually entered, can be up to 99 seconds. The factory-default
setting is 10 seconds.
WAIT TO REDIAL
TIME: __ __ SEC
Transition Timer Dial Backup Option
This option sets the amount of time the DSU keeps the DBU connection up after
the auto-restore function transitions back to the dedicated circuit. The factorydefault setting is 60 seconds. A value of 0 seconds causes the DSU to drop the
DBU call immediately after transition to the dedicated line.
Table 9-2. DBU Options AT Commands for All Models
Front Panel
Automatic DBU
1=DISABLED
2=ENABLED
Number to Dial
1=DBU WITH #1
2=DBU WITH #2
Originate/Answer
1=DBU ORIGINATE
2=DBU ANSWER
DBU Criteria
WHEN OUT OF SERVICE
1=Disabled
2=Enabled
NO RECEIVE (RX) SIGNAL
58
AT Command
Description
_K0
_K1
Automatic DBU disabled
Automatic DBU enabled
_B0
_B1
Dial stored #1
Dial stored #2
_E0
_E1
Originates call if DDS fails
Answers call if DDS fails
_G0
_G1
No DBU for OOS
DBU when OOS
CHAPTER 9: Configuring Dial Options
Table 9-2 (continued). DBU Options AT Commands for All Models
Front Panel
AT Command
Description
1=Disabled
2=Enabled
NO SEALING CURRENT
1=Disabled
2=Enabled
WHEN ALL 1S/0S
1=Disabled
2=Enabled
ANSWER ALWAYS
1=Disabled
_H0
_H1
No DBU when RX signal absent
DBU when RX signal absent
_I0
_I1
No DBU when sealing current absent
DBU when sealing current absent
_P0
_P1
No DBU when all-1s/0s detected
DBU when all-1s/0s condition exists
none
2=Enabled
none
Answer unit answers only under
specified conditions.
Answer unit answers any incoming
call regardless of failed condition.
WEEKEND LOCKOUT
1=Disabled
2=Enabled
none
none
Disables weekend lockout feature
No backup occurs from midnight
Friday to midnight Sunday
DAILY LOCKOUT
1=Disabled
none
2=Enabled
LOCKOUT START
LOCKOUT END
Auto Restore
Redial Counter
Fail Timer
Wait to Redial
none
none
none
S31=x
S57=x
S58=x
S59=x
Sets dial-backup lockout starting
hour
Sets dial backup lockout ending hour
Sets hour to enable dial backup
Sets hour to disable dial backup
Sets restore timer
Sets redial counter
Sets fail timer
Sets time between redial attempts
9.3.2 DBU OPTIONS FOR S4W
Network Type
This option selects the company providing the switched digital service. When US
Sprint is selected, an automatic echo canceler suppressor tone is emitted by the
CSU/DSU MS DBU when dialing. Options include: AT&T/MCI/Other and US
Sprint.
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CSU/DSU MS DBU
9.3.3 DBU OPTIONS FOR V.34 CARD
Table 9-3 shows the equivalent AT commands for setting Error Control,
Flow Control, and Compression options.
Error Control
This option determines the type of error control to be negotiated at the start
of a V.34 modem connection. The factory-default setting is AUTO V.42/MNP.
Flow Control
This option is used to select the type of flow control used by the V.34 modem.
The factory-default setting is CTS Only.
Compression
This option is used to select V.42 bis data compression for V.32 bis or V.34
operation when running asynchronously. When compression is enabled,
data-throughput speeds as high as 57.6 kbps may be achieved. For synchronous
applications, the speed is limited to a maximum of 33.6 kbps for the V.34 Card.
The factory-default setting is Enabled.
Table 9-3. DBU Options AT Commands for V.34 Card
DBU Options
CMD AT
Error Control
1=BUFFERED
\N0
2=DIRECT
\N1
3=RELIABLE MNP
\N2
4=AUTO MNP
\N3
5=RELIABLE V.42
\N4
6=REL. V.42/MNP
\N5
60
Description
Normal operation. No error control. Allows
speed matching, buffering, and flow control.
Direct operation. No error control, no buffer,
and no flow control.
Reliable MNP operation. Uses MNP® error
control.
Auto-Reliable MNP operation. Tries MNP
error control first; uses normal operation if
necessary.
Reliable V.42 (LAPM) operation. Uses V.42
(LAPM) error control. If V.42 (LAPM) error
control cannot be used, the call is
disconnected.
Reliable V.42 (LAPM) or MNP operation.
Uses either V.42 (LAPM) or MNP error
control. If neither can be used, the call is
disconnected.
CHAPTER 9: Configuring Dial Options
Table 9-3 (continued). DBU Options AT Commands for V.34 Card
DBU Options
CMD AT
Description
Error Control
7=AUTO V.42/MNP
\N6
Auto-Reliable V.42 (LAPM) or MNP operation.
Tries to use V.42 (LAPM) error control first,
and MNP error control next. If neither can be
used, then Normal operation is used.
Flow Control
1=DISABLED
2=XON/XOFF
3=CTS ONLY
4=RTS/CTS
\Q0
\Q1
\Q2
\Q3
\Q4
Flow control disabled
Enables XOn/XOff flow control
Enables CTS flow control from DCE
Enables CTS flow control from DCE and
RTS from DTE
Unidirectional X-ON/X-OFF
%C0
%C1
Compression disabled
Compression enabled
5=UNI XON/XOFF
Compression
1=DISABLED
2=ENABLED
9.3.4 DBU OPTIONS FOR ISDN CARD
SWITCH TYPE
This option selects the type of telco CO switch providing the ISDN service.
There are three options for ISDN switch types:
• AT&T 5ESS
• NT DMS-100
• National ISDN
9.3.5 DBU PASSCODE
The dial-backup passcode adds an additional level of security to the CSU/DSU MS
DBU. A passcode of one to ten characters can be programmed into the unit.
When a dial-backup connection is established, the originate unit transmits a preprogrammed passcode to the answer unit over the dial-backup connection before
the connection is considered valid. The answer unit compares the received
passcode to a pre-programmed passcode. If the passcode matches, the receive unit
sends a Passcode OK message to the originate unit and goes on-line. If the
61
CSU/DSU MS DBU
passcode does not match, the answer unit sends an Invalid Passcode message to
the originate unit and terminates the dial-backup connection. If a passcode is not
received by an answer unit with passcode enable, or if the Passcode OK message
is not received by an originate unit with passcode enabled, the dial-backup
connection is terminated.
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CHAPTER 10: Configuring Management Functions
10. Configuring Management
Functions
The Management menu is used to select the desired management interface
type and to set up the necessary parameters for establishing TELNET or
SNMP management. See Figure 10-1 for the Management menu tree.
1=LOCAL
3=CONFIG
2=REMOTE ENTER ADDRESS
1=NETWORK OPT.
2=DTE OPTIONS
3=TEST OPTIONS
4=DIAL OPTIONS
5=MANAGEMENT
6=UTILITIES
1=INTERFACE
1=VT 100 CONTROL
2=SLIP CONTROL
3=PPP CONTROL
4=ETHERNET LAN
2=CONTROL RATE
1=1200 BPS
2=2400 BPS
3=9600 BPS
3=IP OPTIONS
1=UNIT IP ADR
2=SUBNET MASK
3=GATEWAY IP ADR
4=IP SECURITY
5=IP FILTER ADDR
1=GET COMMUNITY
2=SET COMMUNITY
3=TRAP COMMUNITY
4=SNMP TRAPS
4=SNMP OPTIONS
5=TELNET OPTIONS
1=DISABLED
2=ENABLED
ENTER SOURCE IP
NUMBER (1-5): 1
1=DISABLE
2=GENERIC ONLY
3=ENABLE ALL
5=TRAP IP ADR
6=SYS NAME
7=SYS CONTACT
8=SYS LOCATION
9=AUTHEN TRAPS
ENTER TRAP IP
NUMBER (1-5): 1
1=TELN PASSWORD
2=TELNET TIMEOUT
1=10 MINUTES
2=30 MINUTES
3=60 MINUTES
1=DISABLED
2=ENABLED
Figure 10-1. Management Menu Tree.
10.1 Interface
Select the management interface type (VT100 terminal, SLIP, or PPP) or select
Ethernet LAN (the SNMP Ethernet Module must be installed).
10.2 Control Rate
Select the control port operating speed to match the connected device (this
selection only applies when the interface options is set for VT100 terminal, SLIP,
or PPP).
63
CSU/DSU MS DBU
10.3 IP Options
NOTE
When configuring the CSU/DSU MS DBU with the front panel, use the “*”
key to enter a decimal point.
10.3.1 UNIT IP ADDRESS
Enter the CSU/DSU MS DBU IP address in dotted decimal notation.
10.3.2 SUBNET MASK
Enter the subnet number in dotted decimal notation. This address is available
from the network administrator.
10.3.3 GATEWAY IP ADDRESS
Enter the Gateway node IP address in dotted decimal notation. This address is
necessary only if the CSU/DSU MS DBU and network manager are connected
through a Gateway node. If an IP packet with an unknown IP address is received,
the CSU/DSU MS DBU sends it to the Gateway.
10.3.4 IP SECURITY
Enable/disable the IP security option. If enabled, the CSU/DSU MS DBU only
accepts management commands from the IP addresses (up to 5) entered into
the IP Filter Address field.
10.3.5 IP FILTER ADDRESS
Enter the IP addresses of the management stations from which the CSU/DSU MS
DBU should accept management commands. This filter must be enabled though
the IP Security field.
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CHAPTER 10: Configuring Management Functions
10.4 SNMP Options
The following options must be configured when SNMP management is used.
GET COMMUNITY
For SNMP operation, view and edit the Get community string. The CSU/DSU MS
DBU uses this string to validate SNMP Get (read) requests. The default value is
public. If using front-panel entry, see Section 10.6 for more information.
SET COMMUNITY
For SNMP operation, view and edit the Set community string. The CSU/DSU MS
DBU uses this string to validate SNMP Set (write) requests. The default value is
private. If using front-panel entry, see Section 10.6 for more information.
TRAP COMMUNITY
For SNMP operation, view and edit the Trap community string. The CSU/DSU MS
DBU sends this string in SNMP trap messages to the network manager. The default
value is “MT136A”. If using front-panel entry, see Section 10.6 for more
information.
SNMP TRAPS
Specify which traps the CSU/DSU MS DBU will send to the network manager.
When enabled, the CSU/DSU MS DBU sends SNMP traps to network managers
for alarm conditions. The options are DISABLE, GENERIC ONLY, and ENABLE
ALL. The GENERIC ONLY option enables the Generic Standard traps specified in
the SNMP standard, RFC 1157. The ALL option sends both Generic Standard traps
and the enterprise-specific traps specified in the Black Box CSU/DSU MS DBU
MIB.
TRAP IP ADDRESS
Enter up to five IP addresses of the SNMP managers to which the CSU/DSU MS
DBU should send traps.
SYSTEM NAME, CONTACT, AND LOCATION
These data fields are general information strings (defined in MIB-II standard, RFC
1213) which can be stored by the user and retrieved by the SNMP management
station. If using front-panel entry, see Section 10.6 for more information.
65
CSU/DSU MS DBU
AUTHENTICATION TRAPS
Enable/disable the CSU/DSU MS DBU to send SNMP authentication traps to
the SNMP management station. If enabled, the CSU/DSU MS DBU sends these
traps when an SNMP request with an invalid community name string is received.
NOTE
The Black Box CSU/DSU MS DBU MIB is available in the support section
of the Black Box Web page at www.blackbox.com.
10.5 TELNET Options
TELNET PASSWORD
View/edit the TELNET password. If using front-panel entry, see Section 10.6 for
more information.
TELNET TIMEOUT
Select the inactivity time limit. If the unit is idle for the designated amount of time
the unit times out, closing the TELNET session.
10.6 Entering Letters Using the Front Panel
Some Management menus require the entry of letters rather than numbers. When
configuring the unit using the front panel, special steps must be taken in order to
perform these entries. The following example of entering the TELNET Password
illustrates this procedure:
1. Press 5, then Enter to select TELNET OPTIONS from the Management menu.
2. Press 1, then Enter to select TELN PASSWORD.
3. Press the Up Arrow to delete the existing entry.
4. Press the Shift key. The cursor appears as an underscore ( _ ).
5. Use the Up and Down Arrow keys to scroll to the appropriate letter.
6. Once the letter is displayed, press Shift. A block cursor appears in the next
field.
7. To enter another letter, press Shift. The cursor again appears as an
underscore.
8. Repeat this procedure until all letters have been entered.
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CHAPTER 10: Configuring Management Functions
9. Once password entry is complete, press the Enter key.
NOTE
A block cursor signifies movement from field to field. When you see a
black cursor, pressing the Up-Arrow key deletes the current entry of that
field. Pressing the Down-Arrow key advances the cursor to the next
field. An underscore cursor signifies letter entry. When you see an
underline cursor, pressing the Up- and Down-Arrow keys scrolls the
alphabet.
67
CSU/DSU MS DBU
11. Configuring Unit Utilities
The Utilities menu is used to enter manual commands, set/view the time and date,
and view the software version, LAN MAC address, and unit serial number. See
Figure 11-1 for the Utilities menu tree. AT commands are not available for this
menu.
1=NETWORK OPT.
2=DTE OPTIONS
3=TEST OPTIONS
3=CONFIG
4=DIAL OPTIONS
2=REMOTE 5=MANAGEMENT
6=UTILITIES
1=LOCAL
1=MANUAL COMMAND
COMMAND:00
COMMAND: HH
VALUE:00
2=TIME/DATE
1=CURRENT
TIME=23:01:59
DATE=08/15/97
2=SET TIME
1=SET HOURS
2=SET MINUTES
3=SET SECONDS
3=SOFTWARE REV.
3=SET DATE
1=SET MONTH
VERSION CHKSUM
REV X
XXXX
2=SET DAY
4=LAN MAC ADDR.
5=SERIAL NUMBER
Figure 11-1. Utilities Menu Tree.
68
3=SET YEAR
CHAPTER 11: Configuring Unit Utilities
11.1 Manual Command
The Manual Command option is a shortcut method for entering configuration
and control commands for the CSU/DSU MS DBU. Figure 11-1 shows the menu
path for the manual command. The available manual commands are listed in
Table 11-1. When using the front panel, perform the following steps to enter
a manual command:
1. Select 3 = CONFIG from the Main menu.
2. Select 1 = LOCAL.
3. Select 6 = UTILITIES.
4. Select 1 = MANUAL COMMAND.
5. The first display prompts you for command-number entry:
COMMAND:00
Use the Up-Arrow key to delete the current entry, then use the number keys to
enter the new value. Press Shift to activate letters A–F.
6. Press Enter to complete the Command entry.
7. Once the command number is entered, the display shows both the command
number and the present value or setting for the command. The command
value can be edited or reissued with the existing value:
COMMAND: XX
VALUE: 00
8. Use the number keys to enter the hexadecimal value. Press Enter to complete.
The system briefly displays Command Accepted (if the entry is valid) and
returns to the active menu.
69
CSU/DSU MS DBU
Table 11-1. Manual Commands
Command Description
AT Command Echo
Disable
Enable
AT Result code
Enable
Disable
AT Long or Short code
Short form (Numeric)
Long form (Verbose)
AT Escape Character
AT CR Character
AT LF Character
AT BS Character
AT Escape Char. Timer
Abort Call Timer
DTR Recognize Delay
DTR Initiated Command Timeout
Load Factory Opt.
Option Set #1
Option Set #2
Option Set #3
Option Set #4
Network Address Lock
Network Addr. Unlock
Network Addr. Lock
Front Panel En/Dis
Disable
Enable
Command
Value
82
82
00
01
85
85
00
01
86
86
2
3
4
5
0C
7
19
28
00
01
00 to FF
00 to FF
00 to FF
00 to FF
00 to FF
00 to FF
00 to FF
00 to FF
8A
8A
8A
8A
00
01
02
03
C3
C3
00
01
AA
AA
00
01
11.2 Time/Date
View/set the current time and date. Entering this information is only necessary
for the Weekend and Time of Day Lockout features.
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CHAPTER 11: Configuring Unit Utilities
NOTE
The CSU/DSU MS DBU has been tested for year 2000 compliance.
11.3 Software Revision
View the current revision of the software installed in the CSU/DSU MS DBU.
11.4 LAN MAC Address
View the LAN MAC address. This address is available when the SMP Ethernet
Module is installed.
11.5 Serial Number
View the CSU/DSU MS DBU’s serial number.
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CSU/DSU MS DBU
12. Testing and Troubleshooting
12.1 Test Overview
The CSU/DSU MS DBU performs a variety of diagnostic functions that isolate
portions of the circuit to identify the source of the problem. Tests may be initiated
and terminated through the front panel, VT100 terminal, SNMP, or TELNET.
In asynchronous mode, AT commands can control the testing from the DTE
interface. For synchronous operation, V.25 bis commands can provide test control.
The unit also responds to standard DDS network tests initiated from telco test
centers. In addition, it can run several tests such as local and remote loopbacks
to aid in problem isolation. See Figure 12-1.
LOCAL
DSU/CSU
DTE
TD
Tx
Tx
RD
Rx
Rx
REMOTE
DSU/CSU
TELCO
DTE
Tx
Tx
TD
Rx
Rx
RD
Figure 12-1. Normal Operation Before Initiating Loopback Test.
CAUTION
All diagnostic tests disrupt data flow.
12.1.1 INITIATING A TEST
Initiate tests using the following procedure:
1. Select Test from the Main menu by pressing 2, then press Enter.
2. Specify local, remote, or DBU testing by selecting the corresponding number,
followed by Enter.
3. Use the Up and Down arrows to view test options.
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CHAPTER 12: Testing and Troubleshooting
4. Select a test from the available options by pressing the corresponding number,
followed by Enter.
The example in Figure 12-2 shows the menu path for initiating a local DTE
and Loop test.
1=DTE & LOOP(LL)
2=LOOP ONLY (RT)
2=TEST
1=LOCAL UNIT
3=DTE ONLY
2=REMOTE UNIT
4=DTE WITH TP
3=DBU CONNECTION
5=TEST PATTERN
6=SELF TEST
Figure 12-2. Initiating a Test.
Once a test is initiated, “Please Wait” is displayed briefly, followed by the status
screen.
12.1.2 TEST STATUS DISPLAY
The Test Status display appears automatically during a test. The Test Status display
is similar to the status screen described in Chapter 14, with additional prompts for
the type of test and the number of errors (for tests with a test pattern).
Figure 12-3 shows an example of a Test Status Display for a test with a test pattern.
While this menu is on the display:
Press 1 to clear errors.
Press 2 to inject an error.
TEST PATTERN
TST ERR = 00
LOOP 56K
DTE 56K SYNC
Use the Up and Down arrows
to display other status screens.
TR SR LLB RLB
OFF OFF OFF OFF
UNIT IN TEST
LOOP IS NORMAL
Figure 12-3. Sample Test Status Displays.
73
CSU/DSU MS DBU
12.1.3 EXITING A TEST
During a test, press Quick to access the Exit Test/Display Status menu or press
Cancel to return to the Main menu. The Exit Test/Display Status menu provides
the following options, which are available only after a test has been initiated
(see Figure 12-4):
Exit Test
Exits the current test and returns to the Main menu.
Display Status
Reenters test display.
1=DTE & LOOP(LL)
2=LOOP ONLY(RT)
3=DTE ONLY
4=DTE WITH TP
1=LOCAL UNIT
1=2047 PATTERN
2=511 PATTERN
3=STRESS PTRN #1
5=TEST PATTERN
4=STRESS PTRN #2
5=STRESS PTRN #3
6=SELF TEST
6=STRESS PTRN #4
1=2047 PATTERN
2=TEST
2=REMOTE UNIT
ENTER TEST UNIT
2=511 PATTERN
ADDRESS:0
3=STRESS PTRN #1
4=STRESS PTRN #2
5=STRESS PTRN #3
3=DBU CONNECTION
1=DIAL STORED #
6=STRESS PTRN #4
2=ENTER DIAL #
7=DATA FROM DTE
3=REDIAL LAST #
Figure 12-4. Complete Test Menu.
12.2 Troubleshooting
This section is intended to provide a quick and easy means of diagnosing suspected
problems associated with local or remotely attached Black Box DSU/CSUs.
12.2.1 MESSAGES FROM THE DSU/CSU
Messages on the LCD display and LEDs give information concerning the status of
the unit and the local loop. If the Alarm LED is On, one or more of the messages
shown in Table 12-1 are displayed on the LCD.
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CHAPTER 12: Testing and Troubleshooting
NOTE
The Status menu must be selected in order for the unit to display status
messages. Pressing Quick returns to the Main menu, where STATUS
can be selected.
Table 12-1. Messages from the DSU/CSU
Message
Meaning
Probable Cause
Action
Loop is normal
Ground local loop
Indicates good
signal being received local loop.
from the telco.
No action required; unit
properly connected to
telco circuit.
Open loop
Unit not receiving a
signal from the telco.
Bad telco cable
from the DSU to
telco jack or bad
circuit to telco.
Replace telco cable
from DSU to wall jack.
If a problem persists,
contact telco provider.
No RX signal
Unit detects sealing
current but no data
signal from telco.
Bad conductor
in telco cable
from DSU to
telco jack or bad
circuit to telco.
Replace telco cable
from DSU to wall jack.
If a problem persists,
contact telco provider.
OOS/OOF
from net
Unit detects an out-ofservice or out-of-frame
condition from the
telco.
Telco is having Check remote unit.
problems with
Contact telco service
DDS circuit or
provider.
remote unit is
turned off or
disconnected.
Check Telco line Transmit/receive pair
reversal detected.
Telco wall jack Switch wire pairs in wall
wired incorrectly. jack or contact telco
service provider.
Test from Telco
Telco is testing Wait until test is
circuit.
complete or contact
telco service provider.
Telco activated a
loopback to test
the DDS circuit.
75
CSU/DSU MS DBU
12.2.2 TROUBLESHOOTING NEW INSTALLATIONS
Before initiating diagnostics on a newly installed unit and/or DDS circuit and
before contacting Black Box Technical Support, please check the items in
Table 12-2 to ensure the unit is configured properly.
After verifying the items listed in Table 12-2, the unit should operate properly
and display the following:
DATA MODE
LOOP IS NORMAL
If a status message other than DATA MODE LOOP IS NORMAL is shown,
begin performing the diagnostics described below the table.
Table 12-2. Troubleshooting New Installations
Configuration
Item to Check
Option Selection
DTE Type
EIA-232 or V.35
Loop Rate
Auto, 2.4 to 64 kbps
Data Format
Async or Sync
DTE Cable
N/A
Telco Cable
N/A
Power the unit N/A
Off, then On.
Action
From the Configuration menu, select the
type of DTE interface option to connect to
the DSU/CSU.
From the Configuration menu, select the
DDS loop rate of the DDS circuit.
From the Configuration menu, select the
type of data to be used.
Verify DTE cable connection to the proper
DTE connector on the DSU/CSU.
Verify the telco cable is securely connected
to the DSU/CSU and wall jack.
Verify the unit passes self-test during
power-up (displayed on the LCD).
Test Sequence for Troubleshooting New Installs or Existing Circuits
If your DSU is suspected of having problems, perform a self-test to determine
whether the unit is in good health. Either use the ATZ command or turn the
CSU/DSU off, then on again. The LCD will show whether it passes the self-test.
If your DSU is receiving excessive errors requiring retransmission of data, first
perform a DTE with Test Pattern test (Section 12.3.4) to determine whether the
unit’s internal transmitter and receiver are operating error-free. If the problem
persists, perform a Remote Test to verify the connection between the local and
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CHAPTER 12: Testing and Troubleshooting
remote unit is error free. Run the test using all available test patterns.
NOTE
If an external BERT tester is available, these additional tests may be
performed:
•
•
•
DTE & Loop Test
DTE Only Test
Loop Only Test
If the unit fails any of these tests or the problem has not been determined, contact
Black Box.
12.3 Local Unit Diagnostics
The local CSU/DSU MS DBU can perform six different tests; see Table 12-3.
Table 12-3. Test AT Commands
Front-Panel Display
AT Command
DTE & Loop (LL)
&T10
Loop Only (RT)
&T11
DTE Only
&T1
DTE with TP
&T8
Test Pattern
&T9
Self Test
Z
Exit Test
&T0
TD = Customer Transmit Data
RD = Customer Receive Data
TX = Network Transmit Data
RX = Network Receive Data
Description
TD/RD and RX/TX Loopbacks
RX/TX Loopback at Network Interface
TX/RX Loopback at DTE Interface
TX/RX Loopback with Test Pattern
Transmit/Receive Test Pattern
Check Internal Components (Resets Unit)
Stops test, returns to data mode
The test patterns shown in Table 12-4 are available for the DTE with Test Pattern
and Test Pattern tests.
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CSU/DSU MS DBU
Table 12-4. DTE With Test Pattern Commands
Front Panel
AT Command
1=2047 PATTERN
2=511 PATTERN
3=STRESS PTRN #1
_T0&T8
_T1&T8
_T2&T8
4=STRESS PTRN #2
_T3&T8
5=STRESS PTRN #3
_T4&T8
6=STRESS PTRN #4
_T5&T8
Description
Standard 2047 random data pattern.
Standard 511 random data pattern.
Stress pattern with alternating high and
low ones densities. Repeated pattern of
100 octets: 1111 1111, followed by
100 octets: 0000 0000.
Stress pattern with alternating medium
and low ones densities. Repeated pattern
of 100 octets: 0111 1110, followed by
100 octets: 0000 0000.
Stress pattern with medium ones density.
Continuous series of octets: 0011 0010.
Stress pattern with low ones density.
Continuous series of octets: 0100 0000.
12.3.1 DTE & LOOP (LL)
The DTE & Loop test splits the CSU/DSU MS DBU into two separate DTE and
loop interface sections and then loops the receive data of each interface back to its
respective transmit data. The DTE & Loop test provides a bidirectional loopback at
the DSU/CSU. Figure 12-5 illustrates the loopback points and the signal paths for
this test.
LOCAL
DSU/CSU
DTE
Tx
DTE Tx
NET Tx
Rx
DTE Rx
NET Rx
TELCO
Figure 12-5. DTE & Loop Test.
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CHAPTER 12: Testing and Troubleshooting
Test Purpose
The DTE & Loop test is used for the following purposes:
• Verify integrity of the DTE interface and cable.
• Provide a loopback for network tests.
Interpreting Test Results
A BERT tester must be used to interpret the test results of a DTE & Loop test.
12.3.2 LOOP ONLY (RT)
The Loop Only (RT) test allows the loop interface and a major portion of the
DTE interface for the local CSU/DSU MS DBU to be tested from the remote site
over the actual communication circuit. Figure 12-6 illustrates the loopback point
and the signal paths for this test.
LOCAL
DSU/CSU
DTE
Interface
DTE Tx
NET Tx
DTE Rx
NET Rx
TELCO
Figure 12-6. Loop Only Test.
Test Purpose
The Loop Only test is used to provide a loopback for network tests.
Interpreting Test Results
The Loop Only test is used for the purpose of looping the DDS circuit back
to the telco. No test results are available from the local CSU/DSU MS DBU.
12.3.3 DTE ONLY
The DTE Only test provides a method for testing both the DTE interface drivers
and receivers of the local CSU/DSU MS DBU plus its loop transmitter and
receiver. For this test, the loop transmit data is connected to the loop receive data
at a point close to the physical network interface. This test can be used to verify
proper operation between the local DTE and the local CSU/DSU MS DBU.
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CSU/DSU MS DBU
NOTE
When this test is implemented, the far unit receives an OOS/OOF
message from the network and enters an alarm state.
LOCAL
DSU/CSU
DTE
TD
DTE Tx
NET Tx
RD
DTE Rx
NET Rx
TELCO
Figure 12-7. DTE Only Test Diagram.
Test Purpose
The DTE Only test is used for the following purposes:
• Verify integrity of the DTE interface.
• Verify integrity of connection between DTE and CSU/DSU MS DBU.
Interpreting Test Results
A BERT tester must be used to interpret the test results of a DTE Only test.
12.3.4 DTE WITH TEST PATTERN
The DTE with TP (test pattern) test exercises the internal data paths of the
CSU/DSU. The transmit data is looped back to the receive data at a point close to
the physical network interface. The test pattern is generated using the DSU/CSU’s
internal test-pattern generator. This test can be used to detect deficiencies within
the internal circuitry of the CSU/DSU MS DBU. Figure 12-8 illustrates the
loopback point and the data paths for this test.
LOCAL
DSU/CSU
DTE
Error
Inject
Test Pattern
Generator
Tx
DTE Tx
NET Tx
Rx
DTE Rx
NET Rx
Error
Clear
Test Pattern
Detector
Figure 12-8. DTE with Test Pattern.
80
CHAPTER 12: Testing and Troubleshooting
Test Purpose
A DTE with TP test verifies the internal transmit and receive circuitry of the
CSU/DSU MS DBU.
Interpreting Test Results
If the unit is functioning properly, the CSU/DSU MS DBU displays:
DTE WITH TP
TST ERR=XX
The first line of the display indicates the type of test being performed, while the
second line of the display indicates the number of errors accumulated by the test
pattern detector.
If errors occur during this test, the test error count can be reset to zero by pressing
1. To verify proper operation of this test, single bit errors can be injected into the
transmitted test pattern by pressing 2. These errors appear on the TEST ERR
display.
12.3.5 TEST PATTERN
The Test Pattern option converts the local CSU/DSU MS DBU into a BERT tester
for the purpose of testing the DDS circuit. If this test is used, the remote DSU/CSU
must be in loopback or transmitting a test pattern. Figure 12-9 illustrates the data
paths for this mode.
LOCAL
DSU/CSU
Error
Inject
REMOTE
DSU/CSU
Test Pattern
Generator
Error
Inject
DTE Tx
NET Tx
DTE Rx
NET Rx
Error
Clear
Test Pattern
Detector
TELCO
Test Pattern
Generator
NET Tx
DTE Tx
NET Rx
DTE Rx
Error
Clear
Test Pattern
Detector
Figure 12-9. Test Pattern Only.
81
CSU/DSU MS DBU
Test Purpose
Testing using a test pattern is used for the following purposes:
• Transmits user-selected test pattern using an internal test-pattern generator,
and compares the received data using internal test-pattern detector to detect
if there are any errors on the DDS circuit.
• Injects errors and verifies that the unit transmits data across the
communication circuit to the remote unit.
• Helps determine from which direction the circuit is receiving errors.
Interpreting Test Results
If the unit is functioning properly, the test error count should be 0.
12.3.6 SELF-TEST
The self-test verifies current operation of the CSU/DSU MS DBU. It can be
performed at any time and is recommended if there is any question about
the DSU’s health.
Test Purpose
The purpose of this test is to determine if the DSU is functioning properly.
Interpreting Test Results
Once Self-Test is activated, the LEDs cycle on and off as the system runs
the self-test. A pass or fail status will be displayed on the LCD along with
a checksum indicating the current firmware revision.
12.4 Remote Unit Diagnostics
A remote CSU/DSU MS DBU can perform seven different tests; see Table 12-5.
Table 12-5. Remote Tests and AT Commands
Front Panel
1=2047 PATTERN
2=511 PATTERN
3=STRESS PTRN #1
4=STRESS PTRN #2
5=STRESS PTRN #3
6=STRESS PTRN #4
7=DATA FROM DTE
82
AT Command
_T0&T7
_T1&T7
_T2&T7
_T3&T7
_T4&T7
_T5&T7
&T6
Description
Standard 2047 random data pattern
Standard 511 random data pattern
DDS Stress Pattern #1
DDS Stress Pattern #2
DDS Stress Pattern #3
DDS Stress Pattern #4
Data from DTE
CHAPTER 12: Testing and Troubleshooting
The Remote Unit submenu allows a remotely installed DSU to be placed into
loopback. There are six test patterns to choose from, or “Data from the DTE”
may be selected.
LOCAL
DSU/CSU
Error
Inject
DTE
Tx
Rx
Test Pattern
Generator
DTE Tx
NET Tx
DTE Rx
Error
Clear
REMOTE
DSU/CSU
NET Rx
TELCO
NET Tx
DTE Tx
NET Rx
DTE Rx
Test Pattern
Detector
Local Unit Initiates Test
Figure 12-10. V.54 RDL with Test Pattern.
Test Purpose
The test purpose is to test the local DSU, the DDS circuit, and the remote DSU.
Initiating
Follow the menu path outlined in Figure 12-11 to place a remote CSU/DSU MS
DBU into loopback.
1=LOCAL UNIT
2=TEST
2=REMOTE UNIT
3=DBU CONNECTION
1=2047 PATTERN
2=511 PATTERN
ENTER TEST UNIT 3=STRESS PTRN #1
4=STRESS PTRN #2
ADDRESS:0
5=STRESS PTRN #3
6=STRESS PTRN #4
7=DATA FROM DTE
Figure 12-11. Initiating a Remote Test.
After selecting Remote Unit from the menu, the following prompt is displayed
for entering the address for the remote unit:
Enter Test Unit
Address:XX
83
CSU/DSU MS DBU
Use the number keys to type the address of the remote DSU, then press Enter.
The test-pattern selections are displayed. After a test pattern is selected,
the system briefly displays “Please Wait.”
Test Results
If the test is successful, the status menu is displayed. If not, “Unable to Execute
Test” is displayed.
Interpreting Test Results
If the unit is functioning properly, the test error count should be 0.
12.5 DBU Connection
When the CSU/DSU MS DBU is equipped with a dial-backup option, the DBU
Connection option appears as one of the Test menu selections. This test allows
the dial backup network to be tested while data is transmitted on the main line.
When this option is selected, choose a stored number, enter a number to dial, or
redial the last dialed number. After establishing DBU connection, the CSU/DSU
MS DBU designated at the answer unit is placed into loopback and a test pattern is
transmitted from the originate unit to the answer unit. Receive data is checked for
errors and the results displayed on the front panel. While running this test, errors
may be injected by pressing 2 and cleared by pressing 1. During the DBU test, the
Test LED is On.
NOTE
When running at a subrate over a 56-kbps or 64-kbps loop (or a 64-kbps
loop with Scrambler activated), the DSU will not send data during a DBU
test.
The DBU Answer Test option must be enabled. Enabling the DBU
Answer test does not affect the unit during dial backup.
LOCAL
DSU/CSU
LOCAL
DSU/CSU
DTE
DTE
DDS
M
U
X
DBU
Answer
84
Switched
M
U
X
DBU
Orig
CHAPTER 12: Testing and Troubleshooting
Figure 12-12. DBU Connection Test.
Test Purpose
The purpose of this test is to verify the DBU circuit and DBU modules in both
the local and remote CSU/DSU MS DBU are functioning properly.
Initiating
Follow the menu path outlined in Figure 12-13 to initiate a DBU connection test.
2=TEST
1=LOCAL UNIT
2=REMOTE UNIT
3=DBU CONNECTION
1=DIAL STORED #
2=ENTER DIAL #
3=REDIAL LAST #
1=98376113
2=EMPTY
3=EMPTY
4=EMPTY
5=EMPTY
6=EMPTY
7=EMPTY
8=EMPTY
9=EMPTY
A=EMPTY
Figure 12-13. Initiating a DBU Connection Test.
Interpreting Test Results
If the unit is functioning properly, the CSU/DSU MS DBU displays:
DBU TEST PATTERN
TST ERR = 0000
85
CSU/DSU MS DBU
13. Activating Dial Functions
The dial options available from the Main menu (4=Dial) vary depending on the
network-type selection (3=CONFIG, 1=NETWORK OPT, 4=NETWORK TYPE).
If AT&T/MCI SW56 or US SPRINT SW56 is selected, the options appear as shown
in Figure 13-1. If DEDICATED is selected and a DBU card is installed, the options
appear as shown in Figure 13-2.
4=DIAL
1=DIAL STORED #
Select Stored Number 1-A
2=ENTER DIAL #
NNNNNNN
3=REDIAL LAST #
Figure 13-1. Dial Options Menu (SW56).
1=DIAL BACKUP
COMMAND ACCEPTED
1=DIAL BACKUP
1=DIAL STORED #
Selected Stored Number 1-A
2=ENTER DIAL #
NNNNNNN
2=STAY ON LEASED
3=REDIAL LAST #
4=DIAL
1=HANG UP
2=STAY ON LINE
Figure 13-2. Dial Options Menu (Dedicated).
86
CHAPTER 13: Activating Dial Functions
ANSWER UNIT CONNECTED TO DDS LINE
Dial Backup
The message COMMAND ACCEPTED is displayed and the CSU/DSU MS DBU
waits for an incoming call. When an incoming call is detected, the CSU/DSU MS
DBU answers the call and enters dial backup.
ORIGINATE UNIT CONNECTED TO DDS LINE
Dial Backup
The CSU/DSU MS DBU prompts to dial a stored number or enter a number
to dial for dial backup.
Stay on Leased
The CSU/DSU MS DBU remains on the leased line and does not enter
dial-backup mode.
DIAL OPTIONS DURING DIAL BACKUP
Hang Up
Terminates the dial-backup connection and attempts to re-establish
communication on the DDS line.
Stay On Line
This CSU/DSU MS DBU remains in dial-backup mode and returns
to the Status menu.
87
CSU/DSU MS DBU
14. Viewing Status Information
The status selection displays two lines of the current operational status of the
network and the DTE interfaces.
After 30 seconds of no front-panel operation, the CSU/DSU MS DBU
automatically reverts to the Status display; see Figure 14-1.
This screen only
displayed during test.
DTE & LOOP
LOOP 64K
DTE 9.6K SYNC
SW56 DBU STATUS
OPEN LOOP
UNIT IN TEST
OPEN LOOP
Test being performed
1
Network Rate
DTE Rate/Data Format
1
Dial Backup Type
Dial Backup Status
1
DSU Operational Status
DDS Network Status
1
Figure 14-1. Status Display.
Network Rate, DTE Rate, and Data Format
This display line (see Figure 14-1) indicates the current loop rate on the first line.
The DTE data rate and format (as selected in configuration) are shown on the
second line.
Dial-Backup Information
TYPE OF DIAL-BACKUP SERVICE
This display line (see Figure 14-1) indicates the type of dial-backup service installed
in the CSU/DSU MS DBU. The following messages are displayed according to the
dial-backup option installed in the CSU/DSU MS DBU:
ISDN DBU Status
1 B+D Basic Rate ISDN backup option installed.
SW56 DBU Status
4-wire Switched 56 backup option installed.
V.34 DBU Status
V.34 backup option installed.
DBU Status Not Installed
No backup-service option card installed in the
CSU/DSU MS DBU.
88
CHAPTER 14: Viewing Status Information
CURRENT STATUS OF DIAL BACKUP MODE
This display line (see Figure 14-1) indicates the backup service status. Possible
messages include the following:
Answering Call
The CSU/DSU MS DBU detected an incomingcall message and is initiating call-setup
procedure.
Call Disconnect
Call-disconnect message received from the
remote end.
Called Unit Busy
The unit called is currently busy and cannot be
connected (ISDN only).
Dialing
The unit is dialing the selected number.
Going to DBU
The CSU/DSU MS DBU is entering dial-backup
mode.
Idle
Messages are not being transmitted, but the
service is immediately available for use.
Incoming Call
Incoming-call messages being received.
In Dial Backup
The CSU/DSU MS DBU is currently in dialbackup mode.
No RX Signal
Sealing current detected but no data signal
received from telco. Also indicates ISDN line is
inactive.
No wink from CO
Switched 56 provider encountered a service
problem (4-wire SW56 only).
Not Installed
No dial-backup option installed in the
CSU/DSU MS DBU.
OOS/OOF From Net
Out-of-service signal or out-of-frame condition
exists. The call cannot be completed because
the called terminal or the called terminal’s
access line is out of service or is faulty (4-wire
SW56 only).
89
CSU/DSU MS DBU
Open Loop
The physical connection to the backup line
has been broken (4-wire SW56 only).
DBU Line in RDL
Remote end initiated a test.
Test From Telco
The network provider has activated the
CSU loopback (4-wire SW56 only).
DBU Test Pattern
The CSU/DSU MS DBU is currently
performing a test with a pattern.
Waiting for Call
The originating CSU/DSU MS DBU is waiting
on a call from the remote end.
Inactive
A DBU card is installed, but the CSU/DSU MS
DBU is set to SW56 mode.
Getting TEI
The ISU card is getting its first terminal
endpoint identifier from the network.
Register SPID
The ISU card is registering its first SPID
with the network.
DSU OPERATION AND NETWORK STATUS
Current CSU/DSU MS DBU Status
This display line (see Figure 14-1) indicates current CSU/DSU MS DBU status.
Possible messages are:
Data Mode
In data mode, the Data Set Ready (SR) and
Request To Send (RTS) circuits are on, and
the CSU/DSU MS DBU is ready to send data.
Unit in Test
The CSU/DSU MS DBU is currently in test
mode; use the Arrows to scroll through the
menus to display the type of test being
performed.
90
CHAPTER 14: Viewing Status Information
Current DDS Network Status
This display line (see Figure 14-1) displays the status of the main telco line.
For normal operation this should display LOOP IS NORMAL; these are the
other possible messages:
Answering Call
The CSU/DSU MS DBU detects an incoming
call.
Check Telco
The transmit and receive (Tx/Rx) pairs of the
loop connection are reversed. The pairs should
be swapped for normal operation.
Going to DBU
This message is displayed briefly while switching
from the dedicated service to dial-backup mode.
In Dial Backup
The DSU is in dial-backup mode.
LL Test From Telco
An LL test has been initiated from the telco.
Loop is Normal
The DSU is connected to the dedicated line.
OOS/OOF
The telco is transmitting an out-of-service code.
Open Loop
The DDS physical connection has been broken.
Waiting for Call
The DBU module is waiting for a call.
DTE CONTROL LEADS AND STATUS
Four additional DTE interface leads are displayed with their current status
(on or off) displayed below:
TR—Data Terminal Ready
SR—Data Set Ready
LLB—Local Loopback
RLB—Remote Loopback
91
CSU/DSU MS DBU
Appendix A. Pinouts
The following tables give the pin assignments for the connectors on the back
of the CSU/DSU MS DBU, the DBU cards, and the SNMP Ethernet Module.
For more information on the connectors, see Chapter 2.
Table A-1. Pin Assignments for Telco Connector
Pin
Name
1
2
3-6
7
8
R1
T1
—
T
R
Description
Transmit Data from DSU to Network—Ring 1
Transmit Data from DSU to Network—Tip 1
Not Used
Receive Data from Network to DSU—Tip
Receive Data from Network to DSU—Ring
Table A-2. Pin Assignments for DBU Card Connectors
Pin
Name
4-wire Switched 56
1
R1
2
T1
3-6
—
7
T
8
R
V.34 and 1B+D ISDN
1-3
—
4
T
5
R
6-8
—
92
Description
Transmit Data from DSU to Network—Ring 1
Transmit Data from DSU to Network—Tip 1
Not Used
Receive Data from Network to DSU—Tip
Receive Data from Network to DSU—Ring
Not Used
Network—Tip
Network—Ring
Not Used
APPENDIX A: Pinouts
Table A-3. Pin Assignments for Primary EIA-232 Connector
Pin
EIA
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
15
17
18
20
21
22
24
25
AA
BA
BB
CA
CB
CC
AB
CF
—
—
DB
DD
—
CD
—
CE
DA
—
Description
Protective Ground (PG)
Transmit Data (SD)
Receive Data (RD)
Request-to-Send (RS)
Clear-to-Send (CS)
Data Set Ready (SR)
Signal Ground (SG)
Received Line Signal Detector (CD)
+12 Test Point
-12 Test Point
Transmit Clock (TC)
Receive Clock (RC)
Local Loopback (LL)
Data Terminal Ready (TR)
Remote Loopback (RL)
Ring Indicator (RI)
External TX Clock (ETC)
Test Indicator (TI)
93
CSU/DSU MS DBU
Table A-4. Pin Assignments for Primary V.35 Connector
Pin
CCITT
A
B
C
D
E
F
H
J
L
N
R
T
V
X
P
S
Y
AA
U
W
NN
101
102
105
106
107
109
—
—
—
—
104
104
115
115
103
103
114
114
113
113
—
Description
Protective Ground (PG)
Signal Ground (SG)
Request to Send (RTS)
Clear To Send (CTS)
Data Set Ready
Received Line Signal Detector (CD)
Data Terminal Ready (DTR)
Ring Indicator (RI)
Local Loopback (LL)
Remote Loopback (RL)
Received Data (RD-A)
Received Data (RD-B)
Receiver Signal Element Timing (SCR-A)
Receiver Signal Element Timing (SCR-B)
Transmitted Data (SD-A)
Transmitted Data (SD-B)
Transmitter Signal Element Timing (SCT-A)
Transmitter Signal Element Timing (SCT-B)
External TX Signal Element (SCX-A)
External TX Signal Element (SCX-B)
Test Indicator (TI)
Table A-5. Pin Assignments for Control Connector
RJ Pin#
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Function
GND
RTS
TD
DSR
RD
CTS*
not used
not used
Direction
I
I
O
O
O
not used
not used
*Used for hardware flow control.
94
APPENDIX A: Pinouts
Table A-6. Pin Assignments for 10BASE-T Connector
Pin
Name
1
TD+
2
TD-
3
RD+
4, 5
6
N/A
RD-
7, 8
N/A
Description
The positive signal for the TD differential pair. This signal
contains the serial output data stream transmitted onto
the network.
The negative signal for the TD differential pair (pins 1
and 2).
The positive signal for the RD differential pair. This signal
contains the serial input data stream received from the
network.
not used
The negative signal for the RD differential pair (pins 3
and 6).
not used
95
CSU/DSU MS DBU
Appendix B. AT Commands
Table B-1 shows the AT commands available for the CSU/DSU MS DBU.
Table B-1. AT Commands
Command
A/
ATA
ATDn
ATE
ATH
ATO
ATQn
ATSn?
ATSn=x
ATVn
ATZ
AT&Cn
AT&Dn
AT&Fn
AT&Ln
AT&Pn
AT&Qn
AT&Rn
AT&Sn_Cn
AT&Zn=x
AT\Nn
AT\Qn
AT\Tn
AT%Bn
AT%Cn
AT%Kn
AT%P
AT%P=x
T%P>x
AT%Rx
AT%Tn
96
Title
Re-execute Command
Answer
Dial Number
Echo Command
Hang Up Call
Go Online
Result Code Display
Read S-Register
Write to S-Register
Result Code From Firmware
Self-Test
CD Option
TR Option
Restore Factory Defaults
Network Type
Remote Configuration
DTE Data Format
CS Options
SR Options
Store Phone Number
Error Control (V.34 DBU)
Flow Control (V.34 DBU)
Inactivity Timer
Loop Rate Select
Compress Option (V.34 DBU)
DTE Rate Select
Password Control
Password Entry
Password Verify
Initiate Remote Config.
Anti-stream Option
Default
none
none
none
1
none
none
0
none
none
1
none
0
0
none
0
0
0
0
none
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
APPENDIX B: AT Commands
Table B-1 (continued). AT Commands
Command
AT_An
AT_Bn
AT_Cn
AT_Dn
AT_En
AT_Fn
AT_Gn
AT_Hn
AT_In
AT_Jn
AT_Kn
AT_Ln
AT_N=xx
AT_Pn
AT_Rn
AT_S=xx
AT_Tn
AT_Xn
AT_Yn
Title
LLB Control
DBU Number to Dial
SR Control During Test
RTS-CTS Delay
DBU Originate/Answer
Scrambler Control
DBU When OOS
DBU When No RX Signal
DBU When No Sealing Current
Auto Answer Enable/Disable
DBU Enable/Disable
DTE Routing Main/Backup
Set Network Address
Front Panel Enable/Disable
RLB Enable/Disable
Set Serial Number
Select Test Pattern
Clock Source Select
Secondary Channel Rate Select
Default
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
none
0
0
none
0
0
0
97
CSU/DSU MS DBU
Appendix C. Terminal Menu
Structure
This appendix describes the terminal menus used when managing the CSU/DSU
MS DBU through either a VT100 terminal interface or a TELNET session.
Examples of the terminal screens as well as a menu tree (Figure C-2) are provided.
NOTE
Because VT100 terminals have better display capabilities, the VT100
menu structure differs from the front-panel interface. Descriptions of
individual menu options are provided throughout this manual based on
the front-panel menu structure. See Figure 5-1 for the front-panel
configuration menu tree.
The terminal Main menu is the opening menu to all operations of the CSU/DSU
MS DBU. Select one of the choices by pressing the corresponding number; then
press Enter. See Figure C-1.
NOTE
The Dial selection in the terminal Main menu is determined by two
things: the Network Type selected in the Configuration menu and the
presence/absence of a DBU card. See Table C-1.
Table C-1. Terminal Main Menu Dial Selection
Network Type Selected
DEDICATED
SW56
DEDICATED
98
DBU Card
installed
N/A
not installed
Sixth Selection
DIAL DBU
DIAL SW56
no selection available
APPENDIX C: Terminal Menu Structure
TERMINAL MENU
1
2
4
5
6
STATUS
LOCAL CONFIG
LOCAL TEST
REMOTE TEST
DIAL SW56
ESC = EXIT
ENTER SELECTION ->
Figure C-1. Terminal Interface Main Menu (SW56 Network Type Selected).
99
CSU/DSU MS DBU
1=DSU
STATUS DISPLAY SCREENS
1=STATUS
2=DIAL BACKUP
2=LOCAL CONFIG
3=DIAL DIRECTORY
3=REMOTE CONFIG
1=REMOTE ADDRESS
2=EXECUTE REMOTE CONFIG
4=LOCAL TEST
1=DTE & LOOP
2=LOOP ONLY
3=DTE LOOPBACK
4=DTE (2047 PTRN)
5=DTE (511 PTRN)
6-9=DTE (DDS PTRNS #1-#4
10=XMIT 2047 PTRN
11=XMIT 511 PTRN
12-15 XMIT DDS PTRNS #1-#4
16=SELF TEST
5=REMOTE TEST
6=DIAL ESP DBU
DEDICATED network type with no DBU card installed
SW56 network type
1=DIAL STORED NUMBER
2=MANUAL DIAL ENTRY
Figure C-2. Terminal Menu Tree.
100
5=UTILITY
1=REMOTE ADDRESS
2=DATA FROM DTE
3=2047 TEST PTRN
4=511 TEST PTRN
5-8=DDS PTRNS #1-#4
DEDICATED network type with DBU card installed
1=DIAL STORED NUMBER
1=GO TO DIAL BACKUP
2=MANUAL DIAL ENTRY
2=DBU ONLINE TEST
6=N/A
6=DIAL SW56
4=MANAGEMENT
APPENDIX C: Terminal Menu Structure
1=DTE RATE
2=CONNECTOR TYPE
3=DTE DATA FORMAT
4=ASYNC WORD LENGTH
5=DTE CMD SET
6=TRANSMIT CLOCK
7=CS CONTROL
8=RS-CS DELAY
9=ANTI-STREAM
10=CD CONTROL
11=TR CONTROL
12=SR CONTROL
13=SCRAMBLE (64K)
DTE OPTIONS
NETWORK/TEST/COMMAND OPTIONS
These selections are dependant upon the DBU card.
See the chapter Configuring Dial Options for this portion of the menu tree.
Enter/edit stored numbers 1-10.
1=SNMP
2=INTERFACE
3=CONTROL RATE
4=IP ADDRESS
5=SUBNET MASK
6=GATEWAY IP ADDRESS
7=TELNET PASSWORD
8=SESSION TIMEOUT
9=IP SECURITY
10-14=IP FILTER ADDRESS (1-5)
1=SYSTEM NAME
2=SYSTEM LOCATION
3=SYSTEM CONTACT
4=SNMP GET COMMUNITY
5=SNMP SET COMMUNITY
6=SNMP TRAP COMMUNITY
7=SNMP TRAPS
8=AUTHENTICATION TRAPS
9-13=TRAP HOST IP ADDRESS (1-5)
14=LOOP RATE
15=NETWORK ADDRESS
16=NETWORK TYPE
17=CLOCK SOURCE
18=TEST TIMEOUT
19=REMOTE TEST
20=LL EIA
21=RL EIA
22=REMOTE CONFIG
23=SW56 AUTO ANSWER
1=TIME
2=DATE
3=SERIAL NUMBER
4=LAN MAC ADDRESS
5=FRONT PANEL
6=ENTER MANUAL CMD
BER
Y
Figure C-2 (continued). Terminal Menu Tree.
101
CSU/DSU MS DBU
C.1 Status Menus
Status menus display all relevant information for the network and DTE interfaces.
For more information, see Chapter 14.
STATUS
UNIT/LOOP STATUS
LOOP RATE = SWITCHED 56K
DTE RATE = 57.6K
DTE FORMAT = ASYNC
TEST STATUS = NO TEST
SELF TEST = PASS
SOFTWARE REV = BETA A
CHECKSUM = 1132
DBV TYPE = NONE
LOOP STATUS = OPEN LOOP
SW56 DIALING STATUS = IDLE
NUM DIALED =
DTE LEADS
RT = OFF
CTS = OFF
TD = OFF
RD = OFF
DCD = OFF
DSR = OFF
DTR = OFF
LL = OFF
RL = OFF
ESC = EXIT
Figure C-3. Status Menu.
C.2 Local/Remote Configuration Menus
When Local Configuration is selected, the screen in Figure C-5 appears. For
Remote Configuration, the remote address must be entered through the menu
shown in Figure C-4. After entering the address, the menu in Figure C-5 appears.
REMOTE CONFIG OPTIONS
1 REMOTE ADDRESS = 0
2 EXECUTE REMOTE CONFIG
ESC = EXIT
ENTER SELECTION -> _
Figure C-4. Remote Configuration Options.
102
APPENDIX C: Terminal Menu Structure
CONFIGURATON MENU
1
2
3
4
5
DSU
DIAL BACKUP
DIAL DIRECTORY
MANAGEMENT
UTILITY
ESC = EXIT
ENTER SELECTION -> _
Figure C-5. Main Configuration Menu.
C.2.1 DSU CONFIGURATION (DTE, NETWORK, AND TEST OPTIONS)
Chapters 6–9 include detailed descriptions of these parameters. See Figure C-6.
DSU CONFIGURATON
DTE OPTIONS
NETWORK/TEST/COMMANO OPTIONS
1 DTE RATE (@56K/64K) = SAME AS LOOP 14 LOOP RATE = AUTO
2 CONNECTOR TYPE - V.35
15 NETWORK ADDRESS =0
3 DTE DATA FORMAT = SYNCHRONOUS
16 NETWORK TYPE = DEDICATED
4 ASYNC WORD LENGTH = 10 BITS
17 CLOCK SOUREC = FROM NETWORK
5 DTE CMD SET = DIS
18 TEST TIMEOUT = 0
6 TRANSMIT CLOCK = NORMAL
19 REMOTE TEST = EN
7 CS CONTROL = FOLLOWS RS
20 LL EIA = DIS
8 RS-CS DELAY = SHORT
21 RL EIA = DIS
9 ANTI-STREAM = TIMER OFF
22 REMOTE CONFIG = EN
10 CO CONTROL = NORMAL
23 SW56 AUTO ANSWER = EN
11 TR CONTROL = IGNORED
12 SR CONTROL = OFF TEST+00S
13 SCRAMBLE (64K) = OFF
ESC = EXIT
ENTER SELECTION -> _
Figure C-6. DSU Configuration Menu.
C.2.2 DBU CONFIGURATION
This menu changes depending on which DBU card is installed. See the chapter
Configuring Dial Options for more information. The menu for the S4W DBU card
is shown in Figure C-7.
NOTE
If DBU Configuration is selected when no DBU card is installed, the
message “CSU/DSU MS DBU DBU NOT INSTALLED” appears. Press the
ESC key to return to the previous screen of selections. If this message
is received when a card is installed, make sure that the card is properly
seated in the slot and then restart the unit.
103
CSU/DSU MS DBU
S4W DIAL BACKUP
DBU OPERATIO
1 DBU PASSCODE = 123
2 PASSCODE = DIS
3 NUM TO DIAL = NUM 1
4 ORG/ANS = ANS
5 AUTO RESTORE TIMER = 1
6 REDIAL COUNTER = 5
7 FAIL COND TIMER = 3
8 WAIT TO REDIAL = 10
9 DBU NETWORK TYPE = US SPRINT
10 DBU ONLINE TEST = DIS
DBU CRITERIA
11 DBU EN/DIS = DIS
12 W/OOS = DIS
13 W/NO RX = DIS
14 W/NO SEAL CURR = DIS
15 ALL 1s/0s = DIS
16 ANSWER ALLWAYS = DIS
17 WEEKEND LOCKOUT = DIS
18 DIALY LOCKOUT = DIS
19 LOCKOUT EN HOUR = 17
20 LOCKOUT DIS HOUR = O8
Figure C-7. S4W Dial Backup.
Dial Directory Configuration
Enter/edit stored numbers. See Chapter 9 for more information.
C.2.3 MANAGEMENT CONFIGURATION
Select the management interface and set the unit up to respond to the selected
interface. See Chapter 10 for more information. The Management menu is shown
in Figure C-8. The SNMP menu, which branches from the Management menu, is
shown in Figure C-9.
MANAGEMENT
1 SNMP
2 INTERFACE = TERM
3 CONTROL RATE = 9.6K
4 IP ADDRESS = 198.79.126.59
5 SUBNET MASK = 255.255.255.000
6 GATEWAY IP ADDRESS = 192.230.230.1
7 TELNET PASSWORD = Adtran
8 SESSION TIMEOUT = 10 MIN
9 IP SECURITY = DIS
10 IP FILTER ADDRESS 1 = 000.000.000.000
11 IP FILTER ADDRESS 2 = 000.000.000.000
12 IP FILTER ADDRESS 3 = 000.000.000.000
13 IP FILTER ADDRESS 4 = 000.000.000.000
14 IP FILTER ADDRESS 5 = 000.000.000.000
ESC = EXIT
ENTER SELECTION -> _
Figure C-8. Management Menu.
104
aAPPENDIX C: Terminal Menu StructureCHAPTER
SNMP
1 SYSTEM NAME = NAME
2 SYSTEM LOCATION = LOCATION
3 SYSTEM CONTACT = CONTACT
4 SNMP BET COMMUNITY = PUBLIC
5 SNMP SET COMMUNITY = PRIVATE
6 SNMP TRAP COMMUNITY = DSUIV
7 SNMP TRAPS = GENERIC ONLY
8 AUTHENTICAITON TRAPS = DIS
9 TRAP HOST IP ADDR 1 = 000.000.000.000
10 TRAP HOST IP ADDR 2 = 000.000.000.000
11 TRAP HOST IP ADDR 3 = 000.000.000.000
12 TRAP HOST IP ADDR 4 = 000.000.000.000
13 TRAP HOST IP ADDR 5 = 000.000.000.000
ESC = EXIT
ENTER SELECTION -> _
Figure C-9. SNMP Management Menu.
C.2.4 UTILITY CONFIGURATION
View/set the time of day and date, view the LAN MAC address (if the SNMP
Ethernet Module is installed), enable/disable the front panel, or enter manual
commands. Chapter 11 provides more detailed information. See Figure C-10.
UTILITY
1
2
3
4
5
6
TIME (HR: MN: SC) = 12:35:00
DATE (MN-DV-VR) = 03-21-99
SERIAL NUMBER = 123456789
LAN MAC ADDRESS = 000000000000
FRONT PANEL = EN
ENTER MANUAL CMD
ESC = EXIT
ENTER SELECTION -> _
Figure C-10. Utility Menu.
105
CSU/DSU MS DBU
C.3 Local/Remote Test Menus
The Local Test Options menu is shown in Figure C-11. The Remote Test Options
menu is shown in Figure C-12. For information on these menu items, see
Chapter 12.
LOCAL TEST OPTIONS
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
DTE & LOOP
LOOP ONLY
DTE LOOPBACK
DTE (2047 PTAN)
DTE (511 PTRN)
DTE (DDS PTRN #1)
DTE (DDS PTRN #2)
DTE (DDS PTRN #3)
DTE (DDS PTRN #4)
ESC = EXIT
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
XMIT
XMIT
XMIT
XMIT
XMIT
XMIT
SELF
2047 PTAN
511 PTRN
DDS PTRN #1
DDS PTRN #2
DDS PTRN #3
DDS PTRN #4
TEST
ENTER SELECTION -> _
Figure C-11. Local Test Options Menu.
REMOTE TEST OPTIONS
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
REMOTE ADDRESS = 0
DATA FROM DTE
2047 TEST PTRN
511 TEST PTRN
DDS PTRN #1
DDS PTRN #2
DDS PTRN #3
DDS PTRN #4
ESC = EXIT
ENTER SELECTION -> _
Figure C-12. Remote Test Options Menu.
C.4 Dial SW56/Dial DBU
When in SW56 mode (SW56 Network Type selected), the Dial SW56 selection is
shown in the Terminal Interface Main menu (see Figure C-1 and Table C-1). When
a DBU module is installed and the DEDICATED Network Type is selected, the Dial
DBU selection is shown instead.
C.4.1 DIAL SW56 OPTIONS
This menu (see Figure C-13) is available when operating in SW56 mode. Choose to
dial a stored number or enter a number manually.
106
APPENDIX C: Terminal Menu Structure
DIALING MENU
1 DIAL STORED NUMBER
2 MANUAL DIAL ENTRY
ESC = EXIT
ENTER SELECTION -> _
Figure C-13. SW56 Dialing Menu.
C.4.2 DIAL DBU
This menu is available when a module is installed in the CSU/DSU MS DBU and
the Network Type is set to DEDICATED. See Chapter 13 for more information on
individual menu selections.
DBU CONTROL MENU
DBU OPERATIONS
1 GO TO DIAL BACKUP
2 DBU ONLINE TEST
ESC = EXIT
ENTER SELECTION -> _
Figure C-14. Dial DBU Menu.
107
CSU/DSU MS DBU
Appendix D. Configuration Profiles
The CSU/DSU MS DBU contains four different user profiles (sets of configuration
options) stored in read-only memory; see Table D-1. The unit is shipped from the
factory with profile 1 loaded into the nonvolatile configuration memory. See
Section 11.1 for more information on entering the manual commands required
to load these profiles.
PROFILE 1
Profile 1 is configured for a 56-kbps, synchronous, point-to-point or dial-up
operation with a V.35 connector. Automatic DBU has been disabled for this
configuration profile.
PROFILE 2
Use profile 2 for a 56-kbps, asynchronous, point-to-point or dial-up operation,
with an EIA-232 connector. Automatic DBU has been disabled for this
configuration profile.
PROFILES 3 AND 4
Profiles 3 and 4 are identical to profile 1 with the addition of dial-backup
capability. These profiles are used for enabling dial backup using two CSU/DSU
MS DBU. One must be set for Answer and the other for Originate. Use profile 3
to set the remote unit to Answer and profile 4 to set the host unit to Originate.
Table D-1. Configuration Profiles
(00) 1
Profile Numbers
(01) 2
(02) 3
(03) 4
Manual Command
Escape Character
CR Character
LF Character
BS Character
DBU Abort Call Timer
Escape Guard Timer
Command Echo
Result Code
Long or Short Code
108
43=2BH
13=0DH
10=0AH
8
50=32H
50=32H
Enable
Enable
Long
43=2BH
13=0DH
10=0AH
8
50=32H
50=32H
Enable
Enable
Long
43=2BH
13=0DH
10=0AH
8
50=32H
50=32H
Enable
Enable
Long
43=2BH
13=0DH
10=0AH
8
50=32H
50=32H
Enable
Enable
Long
APPENDIX D: Configuration Profiles
Table D-1 (continued). Configuration Profiles
(00) 1
Profile Numbers
(01) 2
(02) 3
(03) 4
Manual Command (continued)
Test Pattern Type
2047
CS Delay
Short
DTR Recog. Delay (x100ms) 3
DTR Command Timeout (x100) 8
Front Panel En/Dis
Enable
Inactivity Timer
Off
AT Password Control
Disable
2047
Short
3
8
Enable
Off
Disable
2047
Short
3
8
Enable
Off
Disable
2047
Short
3
8
Enable
Off
Disable
AUTO
0
Enable
From
Network
AUTO
0
Enable
From
Network
AUTO
0
Enable
From
Network
AUTO
0
Enable
From
Network
0
56k/57.6k
OFF
V.35
SYNC
DIS
Normal
Follow RS
Timer Off
Normal
Ignored
Off
Test+OOS
OFF
0
56k/57.6k
OFF
RS232
ASYNC
DIS
Normal
Follow RS
Timer Off
Normal
Ignored
Off
Test+OOS
OFF
0
56k/57.6k
OFF
V.35
SYNC
DIS
Normal
Follow RS
Timer Off
Normal
Ignored
Off
Test+OOS
OFF
0
56k/57.6k
OFF
V.35
SYNC
DIS
Normal
Follow RS
Timer Off
Normal
Ignored
Off
Test+OOS
OFF
Off
RDL
Accepted
Off
RDL
Accepted
Off
RDL
Accepted
Off
RDL
Accepted
Network Options
Loop Rate
Network Address
Remote Conf. En/Dis
Clock Source
DTE Options
Remote DSU Address
DTE Rate (56k loop)
Scrambler Mode
Connector Type
DTE Data Format
DTE Command Options
Transmit Clock
CS Options
Anti-stream Timer
CD Option
TR Options
SR Options
Secondary Channel Rate
Test Options
Test Timeout
RDL En/Dis
109
CSU/DSU MS DBU
Table D-1 (continued). Configuration Profiles
(00) 1
Profile Numbers
(01) 2
(02) 3
(03) 4
Test Options (continued)
EIA Controlled LLB
EIA Controlled RLB
DBU Answer Test
Disable
Disable
Disable
Disable
Disable
Disable
Disable
Disable
Disable
Disable
Disable
Disable
Disable
#1
Answer
Enable
Enable
Enable
1 minute
5
3
10
Disable
AT&T
Auto
V.42/MNP
CTS Only
Enabled
Disable
#1
Answer
Enable
Enable
Enable
1 minute
5
3
10
Disable
AT&T
Auto
V.42/MNP
CTS Only
Enabled
Enable
#1
Answer
Enable
Enable
Enable
1 minute
5
3
10
Disable
AT&T
Auto
V.42/MNP
CTS Only
Enabled
Enable
#1
Originate
Enable
Enable
Enable
1 minute
5
3
10
Disable
AT&T
Auto
V.42/MNP
CTS Only
Enabled
Dial Options
Automatic DBU
DBU Number to Dial
DBU Originate/Answer
DBU when OOS
DBU when No RX Signal
DBU when No Sealing Current
DBU Auto Restore Timer
DBU Redial Counter
DBU Fail-Timer (x10 seconds)
DBU Redial Wait Time
When all 1s/0s
Network Type
Error Control
Flow Control (V.32)
Data Compression (V.32)
110
APPENDIX E: DSU-to-Modem Interconnect
Appendix E. DSU-to-Modem
Interconnect
Modem Tail-Circuit Application
A DSU-to-modem interconnect diagram for a modem tail-circuit application is
shown in Figure E-1.
M
O
M
O
D
D
E
E
M
M
RC
ETC
ETC
RC
RD
TD
C
S
U
/
D
D
SS
U
U
TD
RD
M
I
S
V
DCD
RTS
D
B
U
RTS
DCD
For Multi-drop requirement:
Figure E-1. DSU to Modem Interconnect.
111
CSU/DSU MS DBU
Appendix F. Specifications
Operating Modes
• Dedicated DDS (point-to-point, multipoint)
• Switched 56 (4-wire)
• ISDN (1B+D)
• PSTN (V.34)
Network Data Rates
• Dedicated-mode service rates: 2.4, 4.8, 9.6, 19.2, 38.4, 56, and 64 kbps
• Switched-mode service rate: 56 kbps
• Dial Backup: Switched 56 (56 kbps), V.34 (2.4 to 33.6 kbps), ISDN (56 or
64 kbps)
DTE Rates Provided
• DTE rates match service rates
• DTE-to-loop rate matching in both dedicated and switched modes
• Synchronous rates: 2.4, 4.8, 9.6, 19.2, 38.4, 56, and 64 kbps
• Asynchronous rates: 2.4, 4.8, 9.6, 19.2, 38.4, and 57.6 kbps
DTE Interfaces
Both EIA-232 and V.35 electrical and physical DTE interfaces
112
APPENDIX F: Specifications
SNMP and TELNET
• Integrated SLIP/PPP port
• Physical connector RJ-48 female and DB25
• Optional 10BASE-T interface with SNMP Ethernet Module
• MIB II RFC 1213 complaint
• Enterprise-specific MIB
• SNMP traps
Clocking
• Normal DDS (slaved to network receive clock)
• Private network master (internal)
• Normal DDS tail circuit
• Private network master (slaved to external clock)
Switched Mode Dialing Options
• Stored number
• Front-panel keypad
• DTR dialing of stored numbers
• In-band AT commands
• V.25 bis in-band dialing
Diagnostics
• Network: CSU and DSU loopbacks
• User: Local DTE and loop, remote V.54
• Test Patterns: 2047, 511, DDS stress patterns 1-4
113
CSU/DSU MS DBU
Line Requirements
Loop transmission parameters as defined in:
AT&T PUB 62310: Dedicated DDS
AT&T PUB 4146B: Switched 56
Sprint TS 0046: Switched 56
Line Interface
RJ-48 female, 4-wire, full duplex
Receiver Sensitivity
-45 dB at all rates
Agency Approvals
UL® 1950
C-U.L. 1950
FCC Part 15, Class A
FCC Part 68
CS03
Environment
Operating Temperature: 32 to 122°F (0 to 50°C)
Storage Temperature: -4 to +158°F (-20 to +70°C)
Relative Humidity: Up to 95%, noncondensing
Hardware Specifications
Dimensions: 2.4"H x 8"W 10.4"D (6.1 x 20.3 x 26.4 cm)
Weight: 4.5 lb. (2 kg)
Power: 115 VAC, 75 mA max., 8.6 watts
114
© Copyright 1998. Black Box Corporation. All rights reserved.
1000 Park Drive
•
Lawrence, PA 15055-1018
•
724-746-5500
•
Fax 724-746-0746
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