AVANTI FALL PROTECTION SYSTEM

AVANTI FALL PROTECTION SYSTEM
AVANTI FALL PROTECTION SYSTEM
User’s Manual and Installation Instructions
AVANTI Fall Protection System
User‘s Manual and Installation Instructions
All safety statements, specifications, hazards, and inspections defined shall apply only to the version of product specified in this manual. The images and
representations in this manual may vary slightly from the actual product you are using; please review your product label(s) to ensure a proper match.
Date of publication:
7th Edition: July 2009
Manufacturer:
2
Avanti Wind Systems A/S
Høgevej 19
3400 Hillerød
Denmark
P: (+45) 4824 9024
F: (+45) 4824 9124
E: info@avanti-online.com
I: www.avanti-online.com
Sales & Service:
Australia
Avanti Wind Systems PTY LTD P: +61 0 438 797 106
China
Avanti Wind Systems P: +86 21 5785 8811
Denmark
Avanti Wind Systems A/S P: +45 4824 9024
Germany
Avanti Wind Systems GmbH P: +49 48142 1570
Spain
Avanti Wind Systems SL P: +34 976 149 524
UK
Avanti Wind Systems Limited P: +44 0 1706 356 442
USA
Avanti Wind Systems,Inc P: +1 (262) 641-9101
Index
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Caution . . . . . . . . . . .
Danger . . . . . . . . . . . .
Description of equipment .
3.1 Purpose . . . . . . . . .
3.2 Function . . . . . . . . .
3.3 Component overview .
Daily inspection . . . . . . .
Directions for use . . . . . .
Maintenance . . . . . . . .
Yealy inspection . . . . . .
Ordering spare parts . . . .
Marking . . . . . . . . . . .
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12
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Installation manual
0 Fitting instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1
11 Inspection before initial use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14
17
Appendix A: Control report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
18
3
Limited Warranty
Avanti Wind Systems A/S warrants that commencing from the date
AND WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, ANY
of shipment to the Customer, and continuing for a period of the
IMPLIED WARRANTY OR CONDITION OF MERCHANTABILITY,
longer of 365 days thereafter, or the period set forth in the standard
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, NON-INFRINGE-
Avanti warranty, the Fall Protection System (“Product”) described
MENT, SATISFACTORY QUALITY, COURSE OF DEALING, LAW,
in this Manual will be free from defects in material and workman-
USAGE OR TRADE PRACTICE ARE HERBY EXCLUDED TO
ship under normal use and service when installed and operated in
THE MAXIMUM EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW
accordance with the provisions of this Manual.
AND ARE EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMED BY AVANTI. IF, PURSUANT TO ANY APPLICABLE LAW, TO THE EXTENT AN IMPLIED
4
This warranty is made only to the original user of the Product. The
WARRANTY CANNOT BE EXCLUDED AS PROVIDED IN THIS
sole and exclusive remedy and the entire liability of Avanti under
LIMITED WARRANTY, ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY IS LIMITED IN
this limited warranty, shall be, at the option of Avanti, a replace-
TIME TO THE SAME DURATION AS THE EXPRESS WARRANTY
ment of the Product (including incidental and freight charges paid
PERIOD SET FORTH ABOVE. BECAUSE SOME STATES DO
by the Customer) with a similar new or reconditioned Product of
NOT PERMIT LIMITATIONS ON THE DURATION OF IMPLIED
equivalent value, or a refund of the purchase price if the Product is
WARRANTIES, THIS MAY NOT APPLY TO A GIVEN CUSTOMER.
returned to Avanti, freight and insurance prepaid. The obligations
THIS LIMITED WARRANTY GIVES CUSTOMER SPECIFIC LEGAL
of Avanti are expressly conditioned upon return of the Product in
RIGHTS, AND CUSTOMER MAY HAVE OTHER LEGAL RIGHTS
strict accordance with the return procedures of Avanti.
UNDER APPLICABLE LAWS. This disclaimer shall apply even if
the express warranty fails of its essential purpose.
This warranty does not apply if the Product (i) has been altered
without the authorization of Avanti or its authorized representative;
(ii) has not been installed, operated, repaired, or maintained in accordance with this Manual or other instructions from Avanti; (iii) has
been subjected to abuse, neglect, casualty, or negligence; (iv) has
been furnished by Avanti to Customer without charge; or (v) has
been sold on an “AS-IS” basis.
Except as specifically set forth in this Limited Warranty, ALL
EXPRESS OR IMPLIED CONDITIONS, REPRESENTATIONS
5
User’s Manual and Installation Instructions - AVANTI Fall Protection
1 Caution
a) A competent is familiar with and is trained within the AVANTI Fall Protection System, and the following standards: EN 363, EN 353-1, ANSI-ASC
A14.3-2008, ANSI/ASSE Z359.1-2007, CAN/CSA Z259.12-01 and CAN/
CSA Z259.2.1-98. An AVANTI Fall Protection Technician has succesfully participated in the AVANTI Fall Protection course and is considered
competent. A user is familiar with the correct usage of the AVANTI Fall
Protection System and have had an introduction to personal protection
equipment.
b) Assembly, maintenance and testing of the Fall Protection System may
only be performed by a competent person.
c) Users are obliged to read and understand this User’s Manual.
d) A copy of the User’s Manual must be handed out to the fall protection
users and must be available for reference.
6
e) If more than one person is trusted with one of the above tasks, the
employer shall appoint a supervisor in charge of operation.
f) If the Fall Protection System is re-sold outside the original country of
destination the reseller shall provide instructions for use, for maintenance, for periodic examination and for repair in the language of the
country in which the product is to be used.
2 Danger
a) The Fall Protection System may not be used by persons under influence of
alcohol or drugs that may jeopardize working safety.
b) Only people instructed to the AVANTI Fall Protection System by a qualified
trainer may use the system.
c) The owner must ensure that a rescue plan that deal with any emergencies
that could arise during work is in place and that the users are familiar with
this.
d) If any damager or faults are found during operation, or in case of circumstances which may jeopardise safety:
- Immediately stop the work in progress
- Contact the site responsible e.g. the turbine owner or the site foreman.
e) No warranty is provided against damage resulting from reconstruction or
modification of equipment or use of non-original parts which are not approved by the manufacturer.
f) The Fall Protection System may not be used outside its limitations, or for
any purpose other than that for which it is intended.
g) The AVANTI fall protection runner should be handed out and treated as a
personal protection equipment.
g)Please insure the ladder system with the Fall protecting
System is capable of supporting: for USA: not less than 5000 lb (22,6kN)
static load, for Canada:not less than 27 kN / for EU: 15kN
h) Keep a distance of 6 meter between each user during ascend and descend. No more users may use the 2 x 6 meter rail simultaneously as this
will jeopardize the system statics.
h) Always remove the runner from the rail when not in use; the runner is not
intended to be parked on the rail when freely suspended.
i)
The first two meters the user may not be protected against hitting the
ground. Take precautions.
i)
The system is only to be operated by users being proper trained in daily
inspections, working in heights and practicle operation of the system.
j)
Prior first use an expert must inspect the system.
j)
For optimal operation, enhanced safety and better climbing ergonomics;
the climber is recommended to maintain a distance of minimum 10 cm
from torso to ladder during regular climb. A good climbing position is
easily obtained by leaning the upper back against the tower.
k) If oil, grease or the like has leaked onto the safety rail – wipe it of.
l)
If oil, grease, chemicals or the like has leaked onto the shock absorber
or in any kind been in contact with the webbing, have an AVANTI fall
protection technician replace the shock absorber.
m) After 5 years of use replace the shock absorber. Date of expiration is
printed on the shock absorber label.
n) Operation temperature -35º / +60º Celsius.
o) In connection with the Fall Protection System only full body harnesses
approved according to EN 361, ANSI Z359.1 and CSA Z259.10 may be
used.
v) It’s necessary to use alternative fall protection when
stepping in or off the ladder. The runner must not be disconnected from
the rail before establishing alternative fall protection.
The runner must always be attached to the D-ring in the harness before
connecting or disconnecting it to the rail.
w) When working or resting at the ladder it’s essential that the user uses
alternative safety. The AVANTI Fall Protection System is only approved
as fall arrest safety when ascending or descending the ladder.
x) Don’t ever twist the shock absorber, it may cause the system to fail.
The tower owner must verify the need for 3rd party fall
protection device inspections with the local authority and
comply with the standards specified.
p) The complete Fall Protection System has been manufactured and
approved according to EN 353-1, CAN/CSA Z259.2.1-98 and ANSI
Z359.1.
q) Ladders supplied by AVANTI comply with the requirements of EN 131,
EN ISO 14122 and ANSI 14.3
7
r) The Avanti supplied Carabiner is approved according to CSA , ANSI
Z359.1-2007 and EN 362 requirements.
s) All parts and units have been especially developed for the AVANTI Fall
Protection System Type 2002 and as such cannot be used in other Fall
Protection Systems.
3 Description of equipment
3.1 Purpose
t) These instructions must be kept together with the Fall Protection
System.
u) When ever using the AVANTI Fall Protection System it’s very important
always to make sure, that the harness is connect ed by the D-ring
complying with the demands for climbing in vertical fall arrest safety
systems on ladders. This infomation shall be described in the user
manual from your harness supplier.
The Fall Protection Devices in this User’s Manual serves the following purposes:
- The Fall Protection System is intended for use during ascent and decent
on stationary ladders installed in towers, pylons, well shafts, manholes
etc.
- The Fall Protection System is a safety device which prevents falling /
reduces personal injuries if fall occur.
- The fall protection safety rail is designed for permanent installation in one
place.
The Fall Protection Device is not designed for:
- For securing horizontally,
- For securing equipment,
User’s Manual and Installation Instructions - AVANTI Fall Protection
3.2 Function
The Fall Protection Device comprises a safety rail mounted on a ladder
and a runner who can be clicked onto the rail. The user attaches the runner
to his harness by means of an integrated shock absorber and carabiner.
When starting the climb he/she clicks the runner onto the safety rail. When
climbing the runner glides upwards on the safety rail. In case the user
experiences a fall the runner will lock onto the safety rail and arrest the fall.
4 Daily inspection
1) Before any use the runner must be checked for visual damage, wear
and tear, and other defects. Pay especially attention to the shock
absorber.
2) During ascent look for visible damage and loos parts along with loose
bolts on ladder, rail or joints.
3.3 Component overview:
Rail
Guide claque
STOP
3) Equipment with defects or equipment that leaves
doubt concerning safe use must be checked by an
expert.
STOP if the runner looks defect / or parts are missing do not use it.
Runner
8
5 Directions for use
Rail and runner on ladder
Runner
Eagle runner
STOP
DANGER!
• The runner, the shock absorber, and the karabiner comprise a safety
system. Never adapt, extend, or in any way change this system.
• The runner may only be used if the bottom left steel tap lock has
popped out in lock position.
• The arrow on the runner must point upwards – otherwise it will not
block a fall.
1
2
Instructions:
a) Before using this Fall Protection System make sure to wear an approved harness worn in accordance to the producer’s prescriptions.
While lifting the break leaver, tilt the runner so both runner sides are round
each side of the safety rail (2).
b) Fasten the runner karabiner in the D-ring of the full body harness.
Remember to choose connection in the chest D-ring for fall arrest
according to the description in the user manual of the harness. When
runner is mounted, it’s important that the shock absorber isn’t twisted
– it shall be mounted straight between the runner and the karabiner.
Always make sure that the runner is connected to the
D-ring of the full body harness when mounting/
dismounting the runner.
c) With the arrow on the plate pointing upwards the runner is clicked onto
the safety rail. (see picture 1)
Open runner by pushing bottom left steel tap lock and pull
left and right runner side apart.
Place one of the runner sides on its respective safety rail side with the runner arrow pointing upward (1).
3
Push the two runner body parts together until the bottom left steel tap lock
pops back in position and locks the
runner body. Make sure it is locked correctly (3).
Remove runner by pushing the bottom left steel tap and pull the runner
sides apart.
User’s Manual and Installation Instructions - AVANTI Fall Protection
9
Before dismounting assure you are safe or use another fall
protection device.
DANGER!
• If the fall protection
device has blocked a fall take the
ladder out of use. Contact a Fall
Protection Technician so he can replace the affected ladder/rail section.
10
STOP
•
When ever using the AVANTI Fall Protection System it’s
very important always to make sure, that the harness is
connected by the D-ring complying with the demands
for climbing in vertical fall arrest safety systems on lad
ders. This information shall be described in the user
manual from your harness supplier.
•
In order to be safest possible it’s very important that
the runner is mounted in the directed D-ring of the
harness before entering the ladder – Furthermore it’s
important that the runner is attached in the direct D-ring
when exiting the ladder. Don’t dismantle the runner from
the harness before being at safe support. This way the
user can’t drop the runner.
•
When working or resting at the ladder it’s essential that
the user uses alternative safety. The AVANTI Fall Protec
tion System is only approved as fall arrest safety when
ascending or descending the ladder.
Always make sure that the runner is connected to the D-ring of the
full body harness when mounting/dismounting the runner.
5.1 D
irections for use
of AVANTI Eagle
DANGER!
• The runner, the shock absorber, and the carabiner
comprise a safety system. Never adapt, extend,
or in any way change this system.
• The arrow on the runner must point upwards –
otherwise it will block a fall.
• If the runner looks defect / or parts are missing do
not use it.
Instructions for AVANTI Eagle:
a) Before using this Fall Protection System make sure to wear an approved hardness worn in accordance to the producer’s precripsions
b) Fasten the runner karabiner in the D-ring of the full body harness. Remember to
choose connection in the chest D-ring for fall arrest according to the description
in the user manual of the harness. When runner is mounted, it’s important that
the shock absorber isn’t twisted – it shall be mounted straight between the runner and the karabiner.
STOP
Opening the AVANTI Eagle
Must always be done without
load and when there is no risk
of falling.
1) Turn the thumbscrew clockwise
until it is fully inserted (photo 1 A)
1A
2) Push first the lock pawl and then the brake lever upwards – both in the
direction of the arrow – and hold them in position (photos 1B and 1BB).
Mounting the Eagle Runner
1) Turn the arrow on the body upwards.
2) The Eagle Runner must be open before it can be mounted on the rail
(see page 10 and 11).
3) Press the Eagle Runner around the rail with the brake lever rasied
(photo 2A).
4) Release the brake lever when the runner have been pressed together.
The lock pawl jumps back against the brake lever and locks it (photo 2
B).
1B
2A
1BB
3) Open the Eagle Runner by pulling at the right side at right angles to the
rail (photo 1C).
2B
1C
11
brush. Subsequently, rinse with pure water.
e) If the equipment gets wet air-dry naturally. Do not use any kind of
heating.
f) Store runner out of direct sunlight and protected form heat and dust.
At least every 12 months an inspection by an AVANTI
fall protection expert shall be carried out.
2D
5) Turn the thumbscrew anti-clockwise to the end stop (photo 2D).
6) The thumbscrew must always be fully screwed out to the stop during
use.
7) Test the Eagle Runner without load before use. This is done by lifting
the closed runner upwards and then pulling downwards – it should
then lock.
12
During use of the Eagle Runner
Before dismounting assure you are safe or use another fall
protection device.
•
•
When the Eagle Runner is in use, the thumbscrew must always be fully
screwed out (counterclockwise) to the end stop, so that the lock pawl
cannot be lifted.
Use only undamaged and correctly mounted runner and rail.
7 Yearly inspection
Once a year an expert must inspect the Fall Protection System paying
special attention to the safety rail and the runner. If not - this will void the
warranty.
Are the yearly tests not performed the warranty is void, and AVANTI
renounce all liability and claims that may appear.
AVANTI runs “fall protection technician classes” on regular basis. If interested contact AVANTI.
8 Ordering spare parts
6 Maintenance
When parts are found to be missing stop working.
a) Dry runner and rail with a cloth.
Rail and ladder: Contact an expert and let him/her replace/repair the missing parts and carry trough a Fall Protection System inspection.
b) Keep all parts free of oil, grease, and chemicals.
c) Never place liquids or sharp objects in the vicinity of the Fall Protection
System as these may damage the equipment.
d) The harness can be cleaned using a weak sulpho-solution and a soft
Runner: Contact an expert and let him/her replace/repair the missing parts
and carry trough a runner inspection.
9 Marking
Read instruction before use
AVANTI Eagle production no.
EC Standard no.
Product name
EEC-notified body no.
Upward direction when mounted on rail
Read instructions before use
Runner production no.
EEC-notified body no.
AVANTI product name
Standard no.
Runner rating plate
EEC-notified body no.
Standard no.
Production batch no.
Read instructions before use
Runner marking
13
Upward direction when mounted on rail
Rail rating plate
Max distance between safety rail and harnes 0,3 m
Shock absorber expiration month
Batch no.
Standard EN no. for shock absorber
EEC-notified body no.
Runner marking
Shock absorber lable
User’s Manual and Installation Instructions - AVANTI Fall Protection
Installation manual
10 Fitting instructions
a) An expert must be in charge of the Fall Protection System fitting. The
expert takes full responsibility for the fitting and guarantee that the
installation is done in accordance to these instructions.
b) Prior to mounting the system, ensure that the tower involved will be
able to carry the load.
c) Ensure that the ladder intended for mounting the AVANTI Fall Protection System comply with the requirements of EN 131, EN ISO 14122
and ANSI 14.3. E.g. internal rung width must be minimum 340mm (All
AVANTI ladders do)
14
AVANTI Eagle Runner
d) Ladder with rung geometries that differs form AVANTI‘s may call for
special rung fittings.
These must be approved by AVANTI.
e) Before installing the fall protection rail ensure that all parts are present.
Refer to parts list delivered along with the Fall Protection System.
Hammerhead bolt
Installing the AVANTI Fall Protection System you will need the following
parts.
Two rails and fish joint
Rung fitting
Top and button stopper
Rung fitting mounted on a Safety rail.
Runner
Mounting of rail on ladder:
1. Place the safety rail in the centre of the ladder with the guide claque
situated in the left side.
70°
70°
Guide claque
7. Tighten the hammerhead nut with 8 Nm.
2. Mount the fall protection rung fittings with hammerhead bolts as follows:
a) At the top rung of the safety rail ladder.
b) At min. every 3rd rung never allowing more than 2 rungs in a row
without rung fitting.
c) At the bottom or second last rung of the safety rail ladder.
8. Self-locking nuts must be used at all times, ensure that:
• The bolt extends from the nut by at least half of the thread diameter.
• If it has become possible to loosen the nut by hand replace the nut.
9. At the top and buttom of the safety rail mount a stopper.
15
3. Each rail system (6,0 m length) must be fastened
with at least 6 fittings.
4. Each rail must be fastened with at least 3 fittings. The bottom end rail
must though have 3 fittings.
5. When joining more ladder sections use profile fish joints or U-profile.
Assure that 2 hammerhead bolts are used for each rail end - that is 4
per fish joint. Max distance between rails is 4 mm.
6. The indicator mark on the hammerhead bolt must be positioned in an
angle of 70° to the safety rail. (see fig below)
10. During installation in wind turbine towers mount a stopper on the rail
top of each individual tower section.
Connection of ladder and rail in flance
connections.
Ladder Bottom:
3. After cutting-of the safety rail below the rung, the safety rail must
extend minimum 55mm below the rung.
In case the rail and ladder is installed in a wind turbine tower before the
tower is assembled the ladder and rail may need adjustment during tower
assembly. Please follow the cutting and fitting instructions below.
4. If the rail is cut to less than 100 mm below the rung (x<100 mm), the
rung fitting - if any, must be moved up one rung (See fig. D below).
Ladder Top:
A rung fitting is always mounted on the top rung of each tower section.
1. After cutting-off the safety rail above the step, the safety rail must
extend minimum 55mm above the step.
C
D
2. If the rail is cut to less than 100 mm above the step (x<100 mm) the
fitting must be moved down one step (See fig. B below).
X>100mm
16
X>100mm
X<100mm
X<100mm
5. If it is not a bottom tower section there must always be a rung fitting
on one of the two lower rungs. If this is not the case this must be retro
fitted.
General fitting instructions:
•
The anti-fall system shall only be fitted with original system parts.
• All system elements must be checked on site, even if the ladders are
supplied with the rails already fitted.
A
B
• The ladder joints are to absorb the vibrations and torsional stress. Not
the safety rail.
11 Inspection before
initial use
Before first use an expert must inspect the Fall Protection System. The
result of the inspection must be entered in the enclosed test journal and
filed for later reference.
Ladder rung:
• Ensure that no dents, holes, or cracks have any influence on the step
stability.
•
Dents may not exceed 10 mm in diameter or be more than 1 mm deep.
•
If dents are found on the rung edges or corners the step stability can
no longer be guaranteed. Replace step.
Safety rail
• Ensure that the safety rail fittings are mounted according to the installation manual above.
•
Ensure that no sharp edges are present.
•
Check the legibility of the product marking. If marking is not present
have an expert replace them.
•
Ensure that a top stop is mounted.
Safety rail connections
• Ensure that profile fish joints are mounted using two hammerhead
bolts, 4 in total, on each safety rail section leaving max 4 mm between
each safety rail, and that the indicator mark on the hammerhead bolt is
turned 70º
Ladder style
• Ensure that no dents, holes, or cracks have any influence on the style
stability.
•
Dents may not exceed 20mm in diameter or be more than 1 mm deep.
•
If dents are found on the style edges or corners the style stability can
no longer be guaranteed. Replace the ladder section.
Ladder connections
• Connecting two ladder sections the gap between the two parts may
not exceed 30 mm.
Ladder end
• On the top end and bottom end of the ladder a protection guard
such as the AVANTI rubber feet or end cap must be in place. During
construction of wind turbine towers a top stopper must be mounted on
each individual tower section.
17
Australia
Avanti Wind Systems PTY LTD
Unit 15 / 160 Lytton Road
Morningside 4170 · Queensland
P: +61 0 438 797 106
China
Avanti Wind Systems
Building 14 · Weishi Industrial Park
No. 599 Zhongxin Road · Dagang Town
Songjiang District · 201614 Shanghai
P: +86 21 5785 8811 · F: +86 21 5785 8815
Denmark
Avanti Wind Systems A/S
Høgevej 17-19 · 3400 Hillerød · Denmark
P: +45 4824 9024 · F: +45 4824 9124
Germany
Avanti Wind Systems GmbH
Weddingstedter Strasse 52 · 25746 Heide
P: +49 481 42 15 70 - 0 · F: +49 481 42 15 70 - 29
47840008 - Manual, Fall 2002/Eagle EN
Spain
Avanti Wind Systems SL · Poligono Industrial Centrovia
Calle Los Angeles No 88 nave 1 · 50196 La Muela
P: +34 976 149524 · F: +34 976 149508
UK
Avanti Wind Systems Limited
Caldershaw Business Centre · Unit 29
Ings Lane · Rochdale · OL12 7LQ
P: +44 0 1706 356 442
USA
Avanti Wind Systems, Inc.
5150 S. Towne Drive · New Berlin · Wisconsin 53151
P: +1 (262) 641-9101 · F: +1 (262) 641-9161
I: www.avanti-online.com · E: info@avanti-online.com
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