TNM96-ETN

TNM96-ETN
TNM96-ETN
Electrical Measurements & Power Quality
Celsa Messgeräte GmbH
Barthelsmühlring 16, 76870 Kande - Germany
Telefon: +49 7275 9883 -0; Telefax: +49 7275 9883 -33
Web: www.celsagermany.com; E-Mail: [email protected]
Table of Contents
CHAPTER 1 ─ INTRODUCTION ......................................................... 4 1.1 — About the TNM96-ETN Energy Powermeter ..................... 4 1.2 — How to use this manual ................................................................ 5 1.3 — Safety Information ......................................................................... 6 1.4 — Warranty .......................................................................................... 7 1.5 — Your comments are welcome ..................................................... 9 1.6 — Disclaimer ...................................................................................... 10 CHAPTER 2 — INSTALLATION ....................................................... 11 2.1 — Contents of packaging ................................................................ 12 2.2 — Mechanical mounting ................................................................. 13 2.3 — Wiring Schematics ....................................................................... 15 2.4 — Rear Panel Connections ............................................................. 17 2.5 — Digital Outputs and Inputs. ....................................................... 20 2.6 — Manufacturing Data. ................................................................... 21 CHAPTER 3 — USING TNM96-ETN POWERMETER .............. 22 3.1 — Front Panel .................................................................................... 22 3.2 — Control Buttons ............................................................................ 23 3.3 — Lock Utility ..................................................................................... 24 CHAPTER 4 — NECESSARY TNM96-ETN SETTINGS .............. 25 4.1 — Settings for Current/Voltage Transformer .......................... 28 4.2 — Electrical Connection Check ..................................................... 29 4.3 — Change language .......................................................................... 32 4.4 — Time Settings ................................................................................. 33 4.5 — Date Settings .................................................................................. 34 4.6 — Setting energy pulse out ............................................................ 35 4.7 — Delta/star Electrical network definition .............................. 37 CHAPTER 5 — FRONT PANEL DISPLAYS ..................................... 38 5.1 — Current Voltage & Frequency ................................................... 38 5.2 — Reset I , V , F Peak values ......................................................... 40 5.3 — Power Display ............................................................................... 40 5.3.1 — Real time power display ................................................................ 40 5.3.2 —Reset power peak values ................................................................ 42 5.3.3 — Power Demand .................................................................................. 42 2
5.4 — Power Quality ............................................................................... 43 5.4.1 — Wave Form Display ......................................................................... 43 5.4.2 — Harmonics Analyzer & THD ......................................................... 45 5.4.3 — Alarm Setup ........................................................................................ 46 5.5 — Energy Metering ........................................................................... 47 5.5.1 — Main Energy Meter .......................................................................... 48 5.5.2 — 2nd. Energy meter ............................................................................ 49 5.5.3 — T.O.U Energy ....................................................................................... 50 5.5.4 — Periodic Energy meter .................................................................... 51 CHAPTER 6 — COMMUNICATION .............................................................. 52 6.1 — MODBUS Framing ......................................................................... 52 6.1.1— RTU Transmission Mode ................................................................ 52 6.1.2 — The RTU Frame Format ................................................................. 53 6.1.3 — Address Field ..................................................................................... 54 6.1.4 — Function Field .................................................................................... 54 6.1.5 — Data Field ............................................................................................. 55 6.1.6 — Check Field .......................................................................................... 55 6.2 — Registers for TNM96-­‐ETN Powermeter ...................................... 56 6.2.1 — Registers addresess ........................................................................ 57 6.3 — Communication Connections ................................................... 58 6.4 — Communication Settings ............................................................ 58 6.4.1 — Communication Address ............................................................... 59 6.4.2 — Baud Rate ............................................................................................ 59 6.4.3 — Parity ..................................................................................................... 59 6.5 — Communication Set Up ............................................................... 60 6.5.1 — Set up Serial Communications .............................................. 60 6.5.2 — Set up Ethernet Communications ........................................ 61 6.6 — Communication with UniArt Software .................................. 62 CHAPTER 7 — Specifications .......................................................... 64 7.1 — Measurement & Display ............................................................. 65 Index ...................................................................................................... 67 Appendix A — Installation & Configuration Check List ............ 67 3
CHAPTER 1 ─ INTRODUCTION
1.1 — About the TNM96-ETN Energy
Powermeter
Large consumers of electricity e.g. factories, hotels, hospitals,
municipalities, need to know the history of their consumption
and the quality and the values of the power supply. Details such
as Voltage, Current, Power Factor, Hertz, Neutral Current,
Energy consumption can be displayed by the TNM96-ETN
Energy & Powermeter.
An additional feature of the Powermeter is the ability to
measure Harmonics. Part of the Electricity Supply Authority’s
bill reflects poor or good Harmonics in the consumer’s system,
therefore it is in his interest to monitor Harmonics and try to
improve it.
The TNM96-ETN Energy & Powermeter is a compact, multi
functional, three-phase Powermeter simple to install and is
especially designed to integrate into Building Management
Systems. It requires no special mounting and is ideally suited
for mounting on the front face of any standard electrical panel.
The Configuration and Setup is menu driven, with password
protection.
Communication with external devices is simple and is based on
standard known protocol.
Each TNM96-ETN Energy & Powermeter is carefully and
meticulously manufactured using quality components and the
latest production methods. Before leaving the factory each
TNM96-ETN Energy & Powermeter is calibrated and is sent to
the customer accompanied by the test certificate and Certificate
of Compliance (C.O.C).
4
1.2 — How to use this manual
We at Celsa Messgeräte GmbH, envisage this manual to be used by
three types of people, i.e. the Installation Technician, the Senior
Electrical Engineer and the end User. For this reason this manual is
divided into chapters for ease of reference by each of these different
people. There could be a situation where two of the above mentioned
tasks can be combined, or in a rare instance one person could handle
all three tasks.
CHAPTER 1, Introduction, describes the TNM96-ETN Energy
& Powermeter, its potential users, the readings it can provide
and some of its features in brief.
CHAPTER 2, Installation, provides detailed instructions for
unpacking, mechanical mounting, and electrical wiring up
instructions for the Installation Technician.
CHAPTER 3, Using the TNM96-ETN Energy & Powermeter,
describes in detail front Panel, the functions of the control
buttons, and the Lock Utility.
CHAPTER 4, Parameter Configuration & Settings explains in
detail the minimum parameters settings needed by the Senior
Electrical Engineer to set up and configure the TNM96-ETN
Energy & Powermeter.
CHAPTER 5, Front Panel Displays, is an easy to follow stepby-step guide to obtain readings, graphs and tables.
5
CHAPTER 6, Communications provides details about the
Communication capabilities of the TNM96-ETN Energy &
Powermeter, and how to Set Up.
CHAPTER 7, Specifications, is a detailed list of specifications
of the TNM96-ETN Energy & Powermeter.
APPENDIX A, Installation & Configuration Check List,
provides a Check List to insure no important steps will be
missed during the initial set up.
1.3 — Safety Information
The purpose of this manual is to help you. Please read the
instructions carefully before performing any installation and
note any precautions.
WARNING!
•
•
Ensure that all incoming AC power and
other power sources are turned off before
performing any work on the TNM96-ETN
Energy & Power Powermeter. Failure to do
so may result in serious or even fatal injury
and/or equipment damage.
If the TNM96-ETN Energy & Powermeter
is damaged in any way do NOT connect it
to any power source.
6
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
To prevent a potential fire or shock hazard,
never expose the TNM96-ETN Energy &
Powermeter to rain or moisture.
Keep the surrounding area free of dirt and
clutter especially metal objects. Good
housekeeping pays.
Inspect the cables periodically for cracks,
kinks or any other signs of wear.
Keep children away.
Do not pull the cords.
Users should stay alert and not approach the
rear of the TNM96-ETN Energy &
Powermeter while tired or under the
influence of alcohol, medicines or any other
chemical substance that would tend to make
a person drowsy.
Above all use common sense at all times.
1.4 — Warranty
Celsa Messgeräte GmbH provides a 12- Month warranty against
faulty workmanship or components from date of dispatch under
the condition that the product was properly installed and used.
Celsa Messgeräte GmbH does not accept liability for any
damage that may be caused by natural disasters (such as floods,
fire, earthquake, lightening etc.).
7
Celsa Messgeräte GmbH does not accept liability for any
damage that may be caused by malfunction of the TNM96-ETN
Energy & Powermeter.
Celsa Messgeräte GmbH will advise the customer on the proper
installation and use of the TNM96-ETN Energy & Powermeter,
but will not accept any responsibility that the instrument is
suitable for the application for which it was originally
purchased.
This warranty may become void if the Installation, Parameter
Configuration & Setting Instructions are not carried out
according to the instructions set out by Celsa Messgeräte
GmbH.
The TNM96-ETN Energy & Powermeter has no user
serviceable parts and should be opened and serviced by a duly
qualified authorized representative only. The sensitive
electronics could become damaged if exposed to a static
environment. This action would void the warranty.
This warranty is limited to the repair and/or replacement at
Celsa Messgeräte GmbH sole discretion of the defective product
during the warranty period. Repaired or replaced products are
warranted for ninety (90) days from the date of repair or
replacement, or for the remainder of the original product’s
warranty period, whichever is longer.
Celsa Messgeräte GmbH is always at your service to advise the
customer on any problem that may be encountered regarding
any installation, operation, parameter & configuration settings
or maintenance.
8
1.5 — Your comments are welcome
Celsa Messgeräte GmbH. sincerely thanks you for choosing our
TNM96-ETN Energy & Powermeter. We are confident that it
will provide you with many years of trouble free service and
give you all the power and energy information and history that
you expected from the instrument when you bought it.
While every effort was made to keep the information as reliable,
helpful, accurate and up to date as possible, all possible
contingencies cannot be covered. Technical or typographical
errors could occur, and we would be happy to receive any
comments, criticisms or notifications of any such errors from
you, our valued customer.
Street Address:
Celsa Messgeräte GmbH
Barthelsmühlring 16
76870 Kandel
Germany
Telefon: +49 7275 9883 -0
Telefax: +49 7275 9883 -33
Electronic Address:
[email protected]
9
1.6 — Disclaimer
Information in this User Manual is subject to change without
notice and does not represent a commitment on the part of Celsa
Messgeräte GmbH.
Celsa Messgeräte GmbH supplies this User Manual as is
without warranty of any kind; either expressed or implied, and
reserves the right to make improvements and/or changes in the
manual or the product at any time.
While it is the intention of Celsa Messgeräte GmbH to supply
the customer with accurate and reliable information in this User
Manual, Celsa Messgeräte GmbH assumes no responsibility for
its use, or for any infringement of rights of the fourth parties
which may result from its use.
This User Manual could contain technical or typographical
errors and changes are periodically made to the information
herein; these changes may be incorporated in new editions of
the publication.
10
CHAPTER 2 — INSTALLATION
In this Chapter you will find the information and instructions
that the Installation Technician needs to mount and connect the
TNM96-ETN Energy & Power Powermeter
WARNING!
•
•
•
•
During operation, hazardous voltages are
present in connecting cables and terminal
blocks.
Fully qualified personnel must do all work.
Failure to follow this rule may result in
serious or even fatal injury to personnel
and/or damage to equipment.
Refer to Section 1.3 Safety information
before carrying out any installation.
Read this manual thoroughly and make sure
you understand the contents before
connecting the TNM96-ETN Energy &
Powermeter to any power source.
11
2.1 — Contents of packaging
To unpack the TNM96-ETN Energy & Power Powermeter
The TNM96-ETN Energy & Powermeter is packed and shipped
in a carton approximately 24.5 cm long x 19 cm wide x 12 and
cm high.
Before opening the package, ensure the area, clean and dry.
Without using any sharp instruments, carefully open the carton
of the TNM96-ETN Energy & Powermeter.
Please check the contents of the carton, it should contain:
1. New TNM96-ETN Energy & Powermeter.
2. TNM96-ETN User Manual (This
book).
3. Test Certificate and Certificate of Compliance (C.O.C).
4. 2 X two pole connector plugs.
12
2.2 — Mechanical mounting
To Mount the TNM96-ETN Energy & Powermeter
NOTE!!
Do not mount the TNM96-ETN Energy &
Powermeter too close to any main electrical
conductors
Allow sufficient space to carry out
maintenance to the back of the TNM96ETN Energy & Powermeter
1.
Choose a suitable location, and prepare a
rectangular hole according to the dimensions
shown in Figure 2.1
2.
Height
90 mm
Width
90 mm
Figure 2.1 Panel Cutout
NOTE!
13
3. Slide the TNM96-ETN Energy &
Powermeter
into
the
pre-prepared
rectangular hole (ensure it is the right way
up), then push the four mounting clips into
position. Use mild force to ensure the clips
are securely positioned on the outer case of
the TNM96-ETN Energy & Powermeter.
4. Ensure the TNM96-ETN Energy &
Powermeter is firmly in place.
Figure 2.2 Mounting Clips
14
2.3 — Wiring Schematics
To wire up the TNM96-ETN Energy & Powermeter
Figure 2.3 Schematic Wiring Diagram "Star" connection
15
Figure 2.4 Schematic Wiring Diagram "Delta" connection
16
2.4 — Rear Panel Connections
Please re-read section 1.3 for safety instructions.
To connect the Rear Panel
All Connections, except those to the CT core of the TNM96ETN Energy & Powermeter are made via terminal connector
plugs (Voltage input, Power Supply, Communication etc.).
Maximum recommended tightening torque for the connector
screws is 0.5 Nm.
The CT cores of the TNM96-ETN Energy & Powermeter are
located externally on the rear of the instrument and the lead
from the leg of the external Current Transformer must pass
through in the correct direction.
NOTE!
Ensure all the connections to the leads of the current
transformer wiring are secure and there is no mechanical
strain on the wire. The cross section of the leads to the
current transformer must be compatible to the power of the
current transformer. We recommend a power transformer
with at least 3VA and the length of the wiring of the
transformer no longer than 3m.
Insert the leads from side “L” of the external Current
Transformers to the TNM current transformers side “L” and
from side “K” of the TNM current transformers back to side
“K” of the external transformers.
17
WARNING!
WARNING
Never allow an open circuit between the two Current
Transformer leads.
Repeat the procedure for Line 2 and Line 3.
Connect the rest of the connections to the TNM96-ETN Energy
& Powermeter by means of terminal connector plugs.
The Rear Panel (See Figure 2.4) has all connections printed and
is simple to follow. (See table 2-1 for connections)
Figure 2.5 Rear Panel
18
Pin
Designation
Description
Remarks
V1
Line1 Supplied
Voltage
Through a 6Amp fuse
V2
Line2 Supplied
Voltage
Through a 6Amp fuse
V3
Line3 Supplied
Voltage
Through a 6Amp fuse
N
Neutral
Measurement neutral Line
I1A
From Current
Transformer on Line1
Note the correct direction to
insert the lead
I2A
From Current
Transformer on Line2
Note the correct direction to
insert the lead
I3A
From Current
Transformer on Line3
Note the correct direction to
insert the lead
~
Power Supply 110 260 VAC
Or 110-260 VDC, external
power supply or bridged
from phase measurement
Np
Neutral
Neutral of external power
supply
RS485 -
RS485 Comm. (-) Line
RS485 +
RS485 Comm. (+) Line
Digital Out
Dry contact between
pin 4 and 5
Max. Load 150 mA
Digital
Input
Digital inputs 6 and 7
for monitoring
On = 220VAC
Table 2.1 Rear Panel connections
19
2.5 — Digital Outputs and Inputs.
TNM96-ETN Energy & Powermeter has as default 1 Digital Output
and 2 Digital Input connections at its back side (additional IO can be
implemented by using additional external modules).
Digital Output:
The Digital Output of the TNM96-ETN can be used to transmit
pulses of energy to external BMS controller (chapter 4.6) or to close
contact upon alarm (chapter 5.4.3) which can be defined in the
TNM96-ETN (cannot be used for both simultaneously). The Digital
Out closes contact of SSR between pins 4 and 5, the maximum load
is 150mA.
Digital Inputs:
In order to change the status of the Digital Inputs of the TNM96-ETN
a 220 VAC contact must be provided. The indication voltage should
be supplied from one of the measured phases. The digital inputs can
be monitored by communication and appear at the communication
list.
Figure 2.5 Digital In \ Digital Out wiring example
20
2.6 — Manufacturing Data.
Press F1 on the keyboard for 6 seconds. The following screen will appear.
Figure 2.6 Manufacturing data
Number
Screen
Description
1
Ep. Date
Production date of software operating system
2
Version
Bios Revision
3
CT Rate
Current transformer ratio
4
Type
Hardware type and electrical network
connection
5
Unit ID
Unique identifying number
6
IP
Address
IP Address ( option)
7
Comm #
Communication address of RS485 Modbus
8
Line:
Auto \ OFF \ Swap – status of auto correction
mode for K L wiring
Table 2.2 Production Data
21
CHAPTER 3 — USING TNM96-ETN
POWERMETER
In this chapter you will find descriptions and functions of the
front panel and the control buttons and how to use them.
3.1 — Front Panel
To operate the front panel
The Front Panel has a graphic screen and 6 operating buttons.
All the readings are shown on a state of the art 128 X 64
resolution graphic screen and are explained in detail in Chapter
5.
The Control Buttons and their functions are fully explained in
Section 3.2.
Figure 3.1 Front Panel
22
3.2 — Control Buttons
To operate the Control Buttons on Front Panel
The TNM96-ETN Energy & Powermeter has six Control
Buttons. With these buttons the User and Senior Electrical
Engineer can achieve all the functions necessary.
The Control Buttons are arranged on a keypad below the display
screen and require slight finger pressure to click.
Button “ENTER” accepts the choice and executes the commands.
Button “F1”, “F2”, “F3”, “F4” performs the function that the
arrow above is pointing to (e.g. move the cursor), or selects the
prompt that the arrow is pointing to.
Button BACK returns to the previous step or to the Main Menu.
23
3.3 — Lock Utility
To lock and unlock the Control Buttons
The Control Buttons can be locked against any unauthorized or
accidental usage.
NOTE!
Only sub menus can be locked. The Lock Utility
does not work on the Main Menu
To lock press “ENTER” for six (6) seconds.
A “Keyboard Locked!” message appears on the screen when any
button is pressed.
To unlock simply press “ENTER” for six (6) seconds.
A “Keyboard Unlocked!” message appears on the screen and
normal functions can resume.
In the event of a general power failure, the TNM96-ETN Energy &
Powermeter will return to the screen that was showing before the
power failure occurred.
24
CHAPTER 4 — NECESSARY TNM96-ETN SETTINGS
In this chapter you will find instructions to set the minimum
settings that are necessary to allow the TNM96-ETN Energy &
Powermeter to function properly.
WARNING!
•
•
•
The selection, installation and settings of the
Current Transformer are the most vital and
fundamental actions required to ensure the
accuracy of the TNM96-ETN Energy
Powermeter.
It is essential to know the ratio of the Current
Transformer being installed into the system in
order to set the parameter for the Current
Transformer correctly.
All three main current Lines MUST have
Current Transformers of the same ratio
installed onto them.
25
4.0 — Entering code The most important setting necessary for the proper
functioning of the TNM96-ETN Energy & Powermeter is
the Current Transformer setting.
The cross section of the leads to the current Transformer
must be compatible to the power of the current
transformer. We recommend a power transformer with at
least 3VA and the length of the wiring of the transformer
no longer than 3m.
1. From Main Menu scroll to Technical Menu.
2. Click “ENTER”.
The Enter Code screen appears
Figure 4.1 Enter Password
The password is 1.
26
3. Use the buttons F3 & F4 to move the cursor, to set the value
use buttons F1 &F2.
4. Click “ENTER”.
If the incorrect password is inserted into the Password
field, an Error message appears and the password
should be reentered
The Technical Menu screen appears
Figure 4.2 Technical Menu
Use the buttons F3 & F4 to move the cursor, selecting "NEXT"
will lead you to more functions that can be set by the
technician.
27
4.1 — Settings for Current/Voltage Transformer
To set or change settings for Current/Voltage Transformer
See Section 4.0 for instructions to arrive at the Technical Menu
1. Scroll to Transformers ratio and select current or voltage
transformer ratio to be set.
2. Click “ENTER”.
The Current / Voltage Transformer screen appears
Figure 4.3 Current Transformer
The present setting for the Current Transformer is shown.
Use the buttons F3 & F4 to move the cursor, to set the ratio
use buttons F1 &F2.
The method for setting for the Voltage Transformer is the
same.
28
4.2 — Electrical Connection Check
NOTE!
To avoid any problems arising from incorrect Voltage
Connections or accidental reversal of Current
Transformer Connections, it is necessary to perform a
Phase Order Check before continuing.
The proper current direction connection ("K" and "L") between the
External CT and the TNM is very important in case that the energy
direction is monitored and the energy should be logged as Import
(consumed) or Export (produced) modes.
TNM energy powermeter can auto correct the wrong current direction
wiring (in case the Export energy is not required to be logged).
As default the device is defined to perform the auto correction. In
order to change these settings and deactivate or activate the auto
correction mode:
1. See Section 4.0 for instructions to arrive at the
Technical Menu
2. From Technical Menu click Next and scroll to
Wiring and press "Enter".
3. Scroll to Current Lines and press "Enter".
4. The Current Lines screen will appear:
29
Figure 4.4 Current Lines
5. Click Auto to activate auto correction mode or click
Fix to deactivate (in case the Export energy is
required to be logged).
To perform Electrical connection Check
1. From Main Menu scroll to Technical.
2. Click “ENTER”. The Enter Code screen appears.
3. Enter code: 11
The Connections Test screen appears
Figure 4.5 Connections Test
30
Very important – very common
problem!!!!!
Message
OK
OPP
NO
Voltage
Voltage “OK” present on Lines.
If “OK” is not present on 3
Lines, then it is not connected
correctly
Not Applicable
No Voltage
Current
Current present in
Lines and synchronized
with Voltage Lines. If
“OK” is not present on
3 Lines, then it is not
connected correctly
Wired in incorrect
direction
No current
The information above and under is accurate only if there is a phase
coloration between the current and voltage.
The current (I1, I2, I3) and the voltage (V1, V2, V3) should be
connected in this order.
Table 4.1 Voltage and Current Messages
31
Phase Order Messages
Message
Voltage
OK
Correct Phase Order of Voltage Connections
OPP
Incorrect Phase Order i.e. Line 2 does not follow Line 1
and/or Line 1 does not follow Line3
Table 4.2 Phase Order Messages
4.3 — Change language
To change language on the display screen
See Section 4.0 for instructions to arrive at the Technical Menu
From Technical Menu scroll to "NEXT" and "LANGUAGE".
1. Click “ENTER”.
The Set Language screen appears
Figure 4.6 Set Language
32
4.4 — Time Settings
To set Time
See Section 4.0 for instructions to arrive at the Technical Menu
From Technical Menu scroll to Set clock.
1. Click “ENTER”.
The Set Clock screen appears
Figure 4.7 Set Clock
Use the buttons F3 & F4 to move the cursor, to set the value use
buttons F1 & F2.
33
4.5 — Date Settings
To set Date
See Section 4.0 for instructions to arrive at the Technical Menu.
From Technical Menu scroll to Set Date
1. Click “ENTER”
The Set Date screen appears
Figure 4.8 Set Date
Use the buttons F3 & F4 to move the cursor, to set the value use
buttons F1 & F2.
The Date Format is DD/MM/YY
Day/Month/Year
34
4.6 — Setting energy pulse out
The digital output (chapter 2.5) can be used as a pulse output, each
pulse equivalent to pre define energy consumption value, in order
to set the pulse output - See Section 4.0 for instructions to arrive
at the Technical Menu.
From Technical Menu:
1. Scroll to SET ENERGY PULSE
2. Click “ENTER”.
3. If the Digital Out was defined to be used
for alarm the following message screen
will appear
Figure 4.9 Changing Digital Out usage
4.
Click SET (F1) to access the change mode
and click again SET (F1) in order to
change between alarm modes to energy
pulse out mode.
35
5.
The SET ENERGY PULSE screen
appears:
Figure 4.10 Set Energy Pulse
1.
2.
3.
In order to set the KWH value pre pulse scroll to
KWH per One Pulse and click "ENTER".
In order to define how wide is the pulse scroll to
Pulse Time and click "ENTER".
Please note that while you are using the output for
energy pulse usage you cannot use the same output
for alarms.
36
4.7 — Delta/star Electrical network definition
The TNM96-ETN can be installed in two types of electrical
networks:
DELTA – a system without neutral line.
STAR – a system with neutral line.
In order to change the type of the electrical network connected to
the TNM96-ETN See Section 4.0 for instructions to arrive at the
Technical Menu.
1. From Technical Menu scroll to "Next" then to "Wiring” and
Click “ENTER”.
2. Scroll to “Delta/Star System”.
3. Click “ENTER”.
The Connection screen appears
Figure 4.11 Delta Connection
4. Use “F3”/ "F4" in order to change the connection type.
When you are using "DELTA" networks the currents (line
currents) and the voltages ( between phases ) are not in the
same phase therefore part of the measurements are not
applicable and part of the display screens are not applicable.
37
CHAPTER 5 — FRONT PANEL DISPLAYS
In this chapter you will find instructions on how to obtain the
readings that the TNM96-ETN Energy & Powermeter provides,
e.g., Current, Voltage Power, Power Factor, Energy, and Power
quality.
5.1 — Current Voltage & Frequency
To display Current Voltage and Frequency for all 3 Phases
1. From Main Menu scroll to Voltage, Current, Hz.
Figure 5.1 Main Menu
2. Click “ENTER”.
The Current Voltage and Frequency screen appears
Figure 5.2 Voltage, Current, Hz
38
3. Scroll to REAL TIME DISPLAY and click “ENTER”
The Current Voltage and Frequency screen appears
Figure 5.3 Voltage screen
4. Use “F1” in order to display voltage values.
5. Use “F2” in order to display current values.
6. Use “F3” in order to display Current and Voltage
table view.
7. Use “F4” in order to display Frequency values.
39
5.2 — Reset I , V , F Peak values
In order to clear old peak values
1. From Main Menu scroll to Voltage, Current, Hz.
2. Click “ENTER” The Current Voltage and Frequency screen
appears.
3. Scroll to MIN/MAX RESET and click “ENTER”.
The Enter Code screen appears
Figure 5.4 Enter reset code
In order to clear old peak values enter password 6474.
Use the buttons F3 & F4 to move the cursor, to set the value
use buttons F1 &F2.
5.3 — Power Display
5.3.1 — Real time power display
To display Power for all 3 phases
1. From Main Menu scroll to Power, power factor Display.
2. Click “ENTER”.
40
The Power, Power factor screen appears
Figure 5.5 Power, Power factor
3. Scroll to REAL TIME DISPLAY and click
“ENTER”.
The real time Power, Power factor screen appears
Figure 5.6 Power factor
4. Use “F1” in order to display Reactive Power values.
5. Use “F2” in order to display Power values table view.
6. Use “F3” in order to display Power Factor values.
7. Use “F4” in order to display total 3 lines active
reactive and apparent power values.
41
Parameter
P
Q
S
ΣP
ΣQ
ΣS
PF
Description
Unit
Active Power for each Line
Watts
Reactive Power for each Line
VAR
Apparent Power for each Line
VA
Total Active Power for all 3 Lines
Watts
Total Reactive Power for all 3 Lines VAR
Total Apparent Power for all 3 Lines VA
Power Factor
Table 5.1 Power Readings
5.3.2 —Reset power peak values
To display /reset power peak value
1. From Main Menu scroll to Power, power factor Display.
2. Click “ENTER”. The Power, Power factor screen appears.
3. Scroll to MIN/MAX RESET and click “ENTER” in order to
clear power peak value and power factor peak values.
4. In order to clear old peak values enter password 6474.
5. Use the buttons F3 & F4 to move the cursor, to set the value
use buttons F1 &F2.
5.3.3 — Power Demand
To display Power demand within two dates
1. From Main Menu scroll to Power, power factor display.
2. Click “ENTER”. The Power, Power factor screen
appears.
Scroll to POWER DEMAND and click “ENTER” in order to
display power demand values.
The Power Demand screen appears
42
Figure 5.7 Power Demand
5.4 — Power Quality
NOTE!
Poor Harmonics could invoke a fine and damage to
the electrical system and can be improved by adding
filters.
The TNM96-ETN Energy & Powermeter is capable of displaying
Harmonics in Wave Form Graph, Harmonics Bar Graph, for
Voltage and Current.
5.4.1 — Wave Form Display
To display Wave Form Graphs
1. From Main Menu scroll to Power Quality.
2. Click “ENTER”.
43
The Power Quality screen appears
Figure 5.8 Power Quality
3. Scroll to Waveform Display and click “ENTER”.
The Wave form Graphs screen appears
Figure 5.9 Voltage Graph
NOTE!
Available Waveform Graphs
1.
2.
Volts
Current
Line 1, Line 2 and Line 3
Line 1, Line 2 and Line 3
44
Use “F1” in order to display voltage waveform.
Use “F2” in order to display current waveform
Use “F4” in order to toggle between L1, L2, L3.
5.4.2 — Harmonics Analyzer & THD
For analyzing and display Harmonics Bar Graphs & THD
1. From the Main Menu scroll to Power Quality Display.
2. Click “ENTER”. The Power Quality screens appear - See
Figure 5.18.
3. Scroll to Harmonics analyzer and click “ENTER”.
The Harmonics current Bar Graph screens appear
Figure 5.10 Harmonics bar Graph
45
Use “F1” “F2” in order to toggle the display between current
waveform and voltage waveform.
Use “F3” in order to toggle between L1, L2, L3 and All together.
Use “F4” in order to display and toggle between the harmonics
values up to the 64th harmony.
NOTE!
The bar graph of the 1st Harmonics (100%) is shown
without proportion to the other harmonics in order to
display properly all the other harmonics.
5.4.3 — Alarm Setup
To set the alarm level for electrical measurements
1. From Main Menu scroll to Alarm Screen.
2. Click “ENTER”.
The Alarm Screen screens appear.
Figure 5.11 Alarm Screen
46
3.
Scroll to Alarm setup and click “ENTER”.
The Alarm setup screens appear, and you will be requested
to select the electrical measurement to be defined (voltage/
current / demand / KW IMP. / KW EXP) by pressing, “Enter”
and set the alarm levels.
5.5 — Energy Metering
To display active reactive and Apparent Energy values
1. From Main Menu scroll to ENERGY METER.
2. Click “ENTER”.
The Energy Meter screen appears
Figure 5.12 Energy meter
47
5.5.1 — Main Energy Meter
This meter will display the total energy that was measured and
accumulated in the meter from the moment the meter was connected to
the power. This meter is non erasable and the total energy that was
measured and accumulated cannot be changed or deleted.
By using the sub menu you will be able to:
By using “F1” The TNM will display the amount of the energy used
for each rate:
RT1 = Rate number 1
RT2 = Rate number 2
RT3 = Rate number 3
ALL= All rates
By using “F2” The TNM will display the amount of the energy used
for each line:
L1 = Line number 1
L2 = Line number 2
L3 = Line number 3
ALL= All Lines
By using “F3” The TNM will display the amount of the active, reactive
and apparent energy:
P = only active energy
Q = only reactive energy
P = only Apparent energy
By using “F4” The TNM will display the amount of the imported
energy and the amount of the exported energy:
EXP = energy exported
IMP= energy imported
48
5.5.2 — 2nd. Energy meter
This meter will display the total energy that was measured and
accumulated in the meter from the last “clear” of the accumulated
energy data.
The accumulated energy data in this meter can be erasable (“cleared”)
by the user.
By using the sub menu you will be able to:
By using “F1” The TNM will display the amount of the energy used
for each rate:
RT1 = Rate number 1
RT2 = Rate number 2
RT3 = Rate number 3
ALL= All rates
By using “F2” The TNM will display the amount of the energy used
for each line:
L1 = Line number 1
L2 = Line number 2
L3 = Line number 3
ALL= All Lines
By using “F3” The TNM will display the amount of the active, reactive
and apparent energy:
P = only active energy
Q = only reactive energy
P = only Apparent energy
By pressing and holding the “F4” button for 6 seconds TNM will delete
the accumulated energy data:
CLR = Clear / Delete the accumulated energy data
49
5.5.3 — T.O.U Energy
The TNM96-ETN Energy & Powermeter record all energy values
according to the T.O.U (time of use) schedule.
Each country has different T.O.U (time of use) schedule , in order to
select the T.O.U schedule See Section 4.0 for instructions to arrive
at the Technical Menu
1. From Technical Menu scroll twice to NEXT.
2. Scroll to SELECT T.O.U RATES.
3. Click “ENTER”.
The Select TOU rates screen appears
Figure 5.13 Select TOU
4. Select the T.O.U (time of use) schedule.
50
5.5.4 — Periodic Energy meter
This meter will display the total energy that was measured and
accumulated between two dates which can be defined by the user.
By using the sub menu you will be able to:
By using “F1” (DATE) the user can define two dates in order to set the
period of time for calculating the active energy in this period:
By Using “F2” The TNM will display the amount of the active energy
used for each rate:
RT1 = Rate number 1
RT2 = Rate number 2
RT3 = Rate number 3
ALL= All rates
By Using “F3” and “F4” The TNM will display the amount of active
energy, from the selected dates:
MON+ = Change the date by adding a month.
MON– = Change the date by subtracting a month.
51
CHAPTER 6 — COMMUNICATION
MODBUS Protocol
The TNM96-ETN Energy & Powermeter has a serial interface port
allowing direct interface with an external communication network
supporting the MODBUS Protocol.
MODBUS is an Industry Standard, widely known and commonly
used communications protocol. Using MODBUS provides
communication between a PC and up to 247 Powermeter slaves on a
common line - the PC being the master and the powermeters the
slaves. The PC initiates the transaction (either a query or broadcast)
and the Powermeter/s responds. Powermeters respond to the master
PC’s request, but will not initiate any transmission on its own. The
PC sends a single Query transaction and the Powermeter responds in
a single response frame and is capable of only one query and one
response at a time.
6.1 — MODBUS Framing
6.1.1— RTU Transmission Mode
MODBUS uses the standard Remote Terminal Unit (RTU)
transmission mode. RTU mode sends data in 8-bit binary EVEN
parity or 8-bit binary NO parity data format. For the TNM96-ETN
Energy & Powermeter to successfully communicate, choose one in
the communication Set Up.
52
Field
No. of bits
Start bit
Data bits
Parity
Stop it
1
8
1
1
Table 6.1 RTU Data Format
6.1.2 — The RTU Frame Format
Query and response information is sent in frames. Each frame
contains:
Address
Function (See Section 6.1.4 for descriptions of functions),
Data
Check
Address Function
Data
Check
8 bits
8 bits
N * 8 bits 16 bits
Table 6.2 R T U Message Frame Format
If the receiving device (Powermeter) detects a time laps of five
characters, then it will assume the message is incomplete and will
flush the frame. The device then assumes that the next byte received
will be an address. The maximum query and response message length
is 256 bytes includuing check characters.
53
6.1.3 — Address Field
Each Powermeter is designated in a network system by a user
assigned address. The Address can be any number between 1 and
247. The Powermeter will only respond to its own specifically
assigned address.
6.1.4 — Function Field
The function field contains the code that tells the Powermeter what
action to perform.
The TNM96-ETN Energy & Powermeter uses and responds to four
standard Message Format Functions.
Function 03
Function 04
Function 06
Function 16
Function
Function 03
Function 04
Function 06
Function 16
Meaning in MODBUS
Read holding register
Action
Obtain data from Powermeter
(Read register)
Read input register
Obtain data from Powermeter
(Read register)
Preset single register
Transmit data to Powermeter
(Write single register)
Preset multiple register Transmit data to Powermeter
(Write multiple register)
Table 6.3 Function Codes
54
6.1.5 — Data Field
The Data field contains the body of the message and contains
instructions from the PC master to the Powermeter slave to perform
a particular action or respond to a query. The reply message from the
Powermeter will be information contained in one or more of its
registers.
6.1.6 — Check Field
The error check field contains the result of Cyclical Redundancy
Check (CRC). The start of the message is ignored in calculating the
CRC.
For more detailed information on CRC, refer to the MODBUS
Protocol Reference Guide.
55
6.2 — Registers for TNM96-ETN Powermeter
The TNM96-ETN Energy & Powermeter is capable of supporting
either Function 03 or Function 04 Message Format (see Table 6-3).
In a reply to a query from the PC master for a reading from a
particular field, the response from the Powermeter can be either in
Format 03 or Format 04 but will depend on which Format the query
was originally sent.
The difference is significant because by using Function 03 the
TNM96-ETN will only send the INTERGER part of the field value
requested and the PC master will only display the INTERGER part
of the field value.
Function 04, on the other hand, is capable of sending two separate
halves of the full FLOAT requested information (each half
contained in a separate register). Then it is the task of the PC
master to merge the two halves into a full FLOAT reply (For more
detailed information See IEEE Standard 754 Floating-Point).
E.G. 1 If the user’s PC master supports Function 03, then the reply
will contain the INTERGER part of the field only.
The PC master requests the Voltage from Line1, and the
actual Voltage in that field is 230.5 Volts.
Function 03 will respond with the INTERGER only i.e.
230V.
56
E.G. 2 If the user PC master supports Function 04, then the reply
will contain the information stored in the two registers
asssigned to that field and will contain the full, accurate reply.
The PC master requests the Voltage from Line1, and the actual
Voltage in that field is 230.5 Volts.
Function 04 will respond with a composite reply of both
register 1 and 2 giving the full FLOAT value (in IEEE Format)
from that field i.e. 230.5V.
6.2.1 — Registers addresess
In order to change the MODBUS registers addresses numbering order:
See Section 4.0 for instructions to arrive at the Technical Menu
1. Scroll to NEXT
2. Scroll to PARAMETERS ORDER.
3. Click “ENTER”
The PARAMETERS ORDER screen appears
Figure 6.1 Parameters Order
Select the requested order that compatible to the driver installed in
your SCADA/HMI
57
6.3 — Communication Connections
The TNM96-ETN Energy & Powermeter supports
communication. Connections are provided on the Rear
RS485
Panel, (Please refer to section 2.3) and are made by means of the
connectors provided.
6.4 — Communication Settings
To enable the User to connect the TNM96-ETN Energy &
Powermeter to a PC computer for successful communications, the
Communication Setup parameters of both must match; i.e. the port
of the PC and the configuration settings of the Power meter.
Address
Baud Rate
Parity
58
6.4.1 — Communication Address
Each Power meter in a communication system must have its own
unique address.
Because the TNM96-ETN Energy & Powermeter works on
MODBUS, the available addresses are - from ‘1’ to ‘247’
6.4.2 — Baud Rate
The Baud Rate is the communication speed in Bits per second
(BPS) that the TNM96-ETN Energy & Powermeter communicates
with the PC. The better the communication line Quality, the faster
the communications may be.
If the communication line is routed through a “noisy”
environment, it may be necessary to decrease the Baud Rate.
Available Baud Rates for the TNM96-ETN Powermeter:
600
1200
2400
4800
9600
19200
bps
bps
bps
bps
bps
bps
6.4.3 — Parity
The choices of parity are either NONE or EVEN (see Section
6.1.1 for description of Parity)
59
6.5 — Communication Set Up
6.5.1 — Set up Serial Communications
See Section 4.1 for instructions to reach the Technical Menu.
1. From Technical Menu scroll to Set Communication.
2. Click “ENTER”.
3. Scroll to "Serial Comm." and click "Enter".
The Serial Communication Setup screen appears
Figure 6.2 Serial Communication Setup
Use buttons F1 &F2, to set the values
Use the buttons F3 & F4 to move the cursor
NOTE!
When the selection is made it takes immediate affect
with no further action required.
60
6.5.2 — Set up Ethernet Communications
See Section 4.1 for instructions to reach the Technical Menu.
1. From Technical Menu scroll to Set Communication.
2. Click “ENTER”.
3. Scroll to "Ethernet" and click "Enter".
The Ethernet Communication Setup screen appears
Figure 6.3 Ethernet Communication Setup
4. Scroll to "Set IP" and click "Enter".
The IP Setup screen appears
Figure 6.4 IP Setup
61
Use buttons F1 &F2, to set the values
Use the buttons F3 & F4 to move the cursor
5. If required: repeat steps 1-4 to set the GATEWAY
and MASK.
6. The MAC address is set automatically however it can
be changed as well by repeating steps 1-4.
6.6 — Communication with UniArt Software
Celsa Messgeräte GmbH propriety software, “UniArt” is used to
Read and Write Registers of the TNM96-ETN Energy
Powermeter. Each Item number in the Registers Table is a unique
field containing information. The UniArt software manages each
Item number as a parameter.
Refer to the UniArt manual how to set up parameters.
To read fields using UniArt
1. Find the reading required in the MODBUS Registers
Table
2. Note the Item Number from the Registers Table
3. Go to the correct File number
Since File capacity in UniArt is limited to 128 parameters,
the information contained in the TNM96-ETN fields is
stored in several files.
File number is determined by the Item number
File # 0 contains Item number
1 - 128
File # 1 contains Item number
129 – 256
File # 2 contains Item number
257 – 384
File # 3 contains Item number
385 – 512
62
4. Go to the correct Point number within that file
Point number is determined by the formula:
Item number – [FILE X 128] = Point Number
E.G. 1 If the user the wishes to read Voltage Line 2 (Item No 2)
By applying the formula: 2 - [0 X 128] = 2
File = 0 and Point within that file = 2
E.G. 2 If the user the wishes to read 30th Harmonics for Volts Line1
(Item No 330)
By applying the formula: 330 - [2 X 128] = 74
File = 2 and Point within that file = 74
E.G. 3 If the user the wishes to read 7th Harmonic for Current Line 3
(Item No 467)
By applying the formula: 467 - [3 X 128] = 83
File = 3 and Point number within that file = 83
More Examples
E.G. No
Item
No
Field Description
File
Point
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
2
330
467
128
129
256
257
384
385
Voltage Line 2
30th Harmonics for Volts Line1
7th Harmonic for Current Line 3
0
2
3
0
1
1
2
2
3
2
74
83
128
1
128
1
128
1
20th Harmonics for Volts Line 3
21st Harmonics for Volts Line3
Table 6.4 Function Codes
63
CHAPTER 7 — Specifications
Item
Description
Power requirements
85-260V AC or 110-300V DC
,60/50 Hz, 5VA
Dimensions
(HxWxD) 960x960x80 mm
Shipping Weight
620 gr.
Measuring voltage limits
700VAC
Measuring current limits
6A
Operating Voltage limits
1000 V
Operating Current limits
50 A
Enclosure material
ABS + Anti flame
Display
Graphic 64x128
Operating temperature
-20 - + 70 C
Storage temperature
-20 - + 80 C
Humidity
0- 90 RH%
Voltage input terminals
VL – E10 1708
Communication port
RS485
Mounting
Front Panel Mounting
Table 7.1 Specifications
All technical specifications are subject to change without notice.
64
7.1 — Measurement & Display
Measurement & Display (scaling factor 1)
Display Range
in direct
connection
(scaling factor 1)
Measuring in
direct
connection
(scaling factor 1)
Current
0.001 – 6A
0.001 – 6A
0.001 – 99999KA
Neutral Current
(calculated )
0.001 – 6A
0.001 – 6A
0.001 – 99999KA
Voltage L-N
0.000 – 550 V
0.000 – 550 V
0.001 – 99999KV
Voltage L-L
0.000 – 650 V
0.000 – 650 V
0.001 – 99999KV
45.001-65.001 Hz
45.001-65.001 Hz
45.001-65.001 Hz
Measurement
Parameter
Frequency (Hz)
Active power
total\phase
Display Range
0.000W – 99999MW
Reactive power
total\phase
0.000VAR 99999MVAR
Apparent power
total\phase
0.000VA 99999MVA
Power Factor
(cap.\ind.)
-1.000 ÷ 1.000
-1.000 ÷ 1.000
Active Energy
total\phase
-1.000 ÷ 1.000
0.001WH –
99999999MWH
Reactive Energy
total\phase
0.001VARH 99999999MVARH
Apparent
Energy
total\phase
0.001VAH 99999999MVAH
65
Measurement
Parameter
Display Range
in direct
connection
(scaling factor 1)
Measuring in
direct
connection
(scaling factor 1)
Display Range
Harmonic THD
V\I
0.000 – 100%
Partial
Harmonic V\I
0.000 – 100%
Operating hour
meter
99999-HH:MM:SS
Table 7.2 Measurement & Display
66
Index
Appendix A — Installation & Configuration Check List
INSTALLATION CHECK LIST
Description
Date
Signature
Check contents of packaging
Remove from packaging
Prepare hole
Mount Powermeter
Connect Powermeter power supply
Connect 3 Current Transformers
Connect 3 Voltage lines
Connect Neutral line
Set Current Transformer Ratio
Connect Communication lines
Check Phase Order Connections
Set Time and Date
Appendix A Table - Installation & Configuration Check List
67
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