4I32 SERIAL PORT MANUAL

4I32 SERIAL PORT MANUAL
4I32 SERIAL PORT MANUAL
Version 1.4
Copyright 2003 by MESA ELECTRONICS Richmond, CA. Printed in the United States of
America. All rights reserved. This document and the data disclosed herein is not to be reproduced,
used, disclosed in whole or in part to anyone without the written permission of MESA
ELECTRONICS.
Mesa Electronics
4175 Lakeside Drive, Suite #100
Richmond, CA 94806-1950
Tel (510) 223-9272 - Fax (510) 223-9585
E-Mail: [email protected] - Website: www.mesanet.com
4I32 USER’S MANUAL
TABLE OF CONTENTS
HANDLING PRECAUTIONS
Static electricity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
INTRODUCTION
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
CONFIGURATION
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Default jumper settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Port address selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Interrupt select . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
RS-422 termination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
RS-422 half/full duplex select . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Global 2X baud rate selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Per channel 4X baud rate selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
INSTALLATION
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
OPERATION
Connector pin-out . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Shared interrupts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Shared interrupt register . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
FIFO status register . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
RS-422 operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
RS-485 operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Quad baud rate operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Advanced features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
REFERENCE INFORMATION
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Schematic diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
4I32 USER’S MANUAL
HANDLING PRECAUTIONS
STATIC ELECTRICITY
The CMOS integrated circuits on the 4I32 can be damaged by exposure to electrostatic
discharges. The following precautions should be taken when handling the 4I32 to prevent
possible damage.
A. Leave the 4I32 in its antistatic bag until needed.
B. All work should be performed at an antistatic workstation.
C. Ground equipment into which 4I32 will be installed.
D. Ground handling personnel with conductive bracelet through 1 megohm resistor to
ground.
E. Avoid wearing synthetic fabrics, particularly Nylon.
4I32 USER’S MANUAL
INTRODUCTION
GENERAL
The 4I32 is a low cost - high performance quad asynchronous serial port card in PC/104 format.
The 4I32 is available in three versions: quad RS-232, quad RS-422/485, and dual RS-232 + dual RS422/485.
The 4I32 uses an advanced 16C550 compatible UART (Exar 16C864) with 128 byte receive and
transmit FIFOs for higher baud rates and lower interrupt overhead. The 4I32 UART supports
automatic hardware and software flow control. Hardware flow control (RS-232 only) uses the RTS
and CTS handshaking lines. Software flow control can use 1 or 2 character Xon and Xoff characters.
Xon and Xoff characters are programmable.
RS-422 models support half and full duplex RS-422 and RS-485 modes. The 4I32 UART also
supports automatic direction control for half-duplex RS-485 type applications, simplifying RS-485
support software. On card selectable 130 Ohm RS-422/485 termination is provided
Each serial port can use any of the 11 available interrupts ISA bus interrupts. Shared interrupts
are also supported, allowing the four per channel interrupts to be logically ORed to a single interrupt.
The ORed interrupts are individually maskable, and the interrupt status of all four channels can be
read at a single location. The receive and transmit FIFO status of all four channels can also be read at
a single location.
The Serial I/O connector on the 4I32 is a 40 pin latching header. The pinout is designed so that a
flat cable from the 4I32 can easily be terminated with four IDC DE9 type connectors giving the
standard AT serial port pinout. All RS- 232 and RS-422/485 I/O pins are protected against 15KV
ESD transients Serial port I/O locations are determined by a PAL device and can be customized if
needed. Eight sets of port locations can be selected by on card jumpers. The decode PAL is socketed
to simplify changing the default decode addresses.
Page 4
4I32 USER’S MANUAL
CONFIGURATION
GENERAL
The 4I32 has a number of jumper configurable options that must be properly set to match the
application. Each group of jumpers will be discussed separately by function. In the following
discussions, when the words "up", "down", "right", and "left" are used it is assumed that the 4I32
serial I/O card is oriented with its bus connectors J1 and J2 at the bottom edge of the card (nearest the
person doing the configuration). The four serial channels are referred to as channel 0, channel 1,
channel 2, and channel 3. Factory default 4I32 jumpering is as follows:
FUNCTION
Channel 0 port address
JUMPER(S)
W13-W15
SETTING
3F8H (COM1)
Channel 1 port address
W13-W15
2F8H
(COM2)
Channel 2 port address
W13-W15
3E8H
(COM3)
Channel 3 port address
W13-W15
2E8H
(COM4)
Channel 0 port interrupt select
IW1-IW12
IRQ4
(COM1 IRQ)
Channel 1 interrupt select
IW13-IW24
IRQ3
(COM2 IRQ)
Channel 2 interrupt select
IW25-IW36
NONE
(COM3 IRQ)
Channel 3 interrupt select
IW37-IW48
NONE
(COM4 IRQ)
Shared interrupt select
W3
Set to Channel 3
Ch 0 RS-422 termination
W4
Disabled (4I32C)
Ch 1 RS-422 termination
W6
Disabled (4I32C)
Ch 2 RS-422 termination
W8
Disabled (4I32B,C)
Ch 3 RS-422 termination
W10
Disabled (4I32B,C)
Ch 0 RS-422 full-duplex
W5
Full (4I32C)
Ch 1 RS-422 full-duplex
W7
Full (4I32C)
Ch 2 RS-422 full-duplex
W9
Full (4I32B,C)
Ch 3 RS-422 full-duplex
W11
Full (4I32B,C)
2X global baud rate select
W1
Disabled
4X per channel baud rate select W2
Disabled
Page 5
4I32 USER’S MANUAL
CONFIGURATION
DEFAULT JUMPER SETTINGS
Page 6
4I32 USER’S MANUAL
CONFIGURATION
PORT ADDRESS SELECTION
The I/O addresses of the four serial channels on the 4I32 are selected by location jumpers W13,
W14, and W15. These jumpers select one of eight options. Each serial channel occupies 8
contiguous addresses in I/O space. The 4I32 is shipped with channel 0 set as COM1, channel 1 set as
COM2 , channel 2 set as COM3, and channel 3 set as COM4 (OPTION 0). The PAL device that sets
the port addresses is socketed and can be replaced if a different set of port addresses is desired.
Contact MESA if you application requires different port addresses.
OPTION #
0
W13
down
W14
down
W15
down
Ch 0
Ch 1
Ch 2
Ch 3
COM1 COM2 COM3 COM4
1
down
down
up
COM2 COM3 COM4 COM5
2
down
up
down
COM3 COM4 COM5 COM6
3
down
up
up
COM4 COM5 COM6 COM7
4
up
down
down
COM5 COM6 COM7 COM8
5
up
down
up
COM6 COM7 COM8 COM9
6
up
up
down
COM7 COM8 COM9 COM10
7
up
up
up
COM8 COM9 COM10 COM11
The I/O address for COM1 through COM11 are as follows:
COM PORT #
COM1
ADDRESS (hex)
3F8
COM2
2F8
COM3
3E8
COM4
2E8
COM5
100
COM6
108
COM7
110
COM8
118
COM9
120
COM10
128
COM11
130
Page 7
4I32 USER’S MANUAL
CONFIGURATION
PORT ADDRESS JUMPER LOCATIONS
Page 8
4I32 USER’S MANUAL
CONFIGURATION
INTERRUPT SELECT
Each channel of the 4I32 can be configured to generate interrupts on received characters,
transmitted characters and various status conditions. These interrupts can be routed to any of the 11
PC-BUS interrupt lines. A shorting jumper placed in the interrupt select matrix determines which
interrupt is generated by each channel. The interrupt select matrix is located on the middle right hand
side of the card. The interrupt select matrix is labeled horizontally with IRQ numbers and vertically
with channel numbers A jumper is placed at the intersection of a channel number and an IRQ number
to select a specific interrupt for that channel. To disable a channel’s interrupt, place the jumper for
that channel in the NONE position. You should never have more than one channel connected to a
single interrupt. The 4I32 is shipped with channel 0 configured to generate IRQ 4 and channel 1
configured to generate IRQ 3, the standard interrupts for COM1 and COM2 respectively. Channel 2
and channel 3 interrupts are disabled.
SHARED INTERRUPT SELECT
The 4I32 is capable of logically ORing on card interrupts to conserve system interrupts. This is
useful in systems where available bus interrupts are scarce. Shared interrupt mode is selected by
setting jumper W3 into the up position. This ’steals’channel 3’s interrupt select jumpers and connects
them to the shared interrupt logic. W3 should be left in the down position for normal operation. See
the SHARED INTERRUPTS paragraph in the operation section of this manual for more information
on using shared interrupts.
Page 9
4I32 USER’S MANUAL
CONFIGURATION
INTERRUPT SELECT JUMPER LOCATIONS
Page 10
4I32 USER’S MANUAL
CONFIGURATION
RS-422/485 TERMINATION
The differential receiver inputs on the 4I32 can be terminated with an on-card 130 ohm resistor.
Termination should be used at each end of the cable only. Jumper W4 controls termination on
channel 0, jumper W6 controls termination on channel 1, jumper W8 controls termination on
channel 2, and jumper W10 controls termination on channel 3. Placing the jumpers in the left hand
position connects the termination resistor to the receive input. Placing the jumper in the right hand
position disconnects the termination resistor.
RS-422/485 HALF/FULL DUPLEX SELECT
The RS-422/485 drivers on the 4I32 can be disabled (TRI-STATED) under software control to
allow network or multi-drop type applications. The RS-422/485 drivers are controlled by the OUT1
bit of the respective UART’s modem control register or automatically when data is transmitted
depending on UART mode.
Whether the RS422 receiver is enabled when the driver is enabled is determined by the half/fullduplex select jumpers. When the full duplex mode is selected, the RS422/485 receivers are always
enabled. When the half-duplex mode is selected, the reciever is disabled when the cooresponding
tranmitter is enabled. This avoids filling the receive FIFOs with copies of the transmitted data in
half-duplex RS-485 mode. Jumper W5 sets the duplex mode foe channel 0, W7 for channel 1, W9
for channel 2 and W11 for channel 3. When these jumpers are in the right hand position, full-duplex
mode is selected, when they are in the left hand position, half-duplex mode is selected.
Page 11
4I32 USER’S MANUAL
CONFIGURATION
RS-422 CONFIGURATION JUMPERS
Page 12
4I32 USER’S MANUAL
CONFIGURATION
BAUD RATE OPTIONS
The RS-422/RS-485 versions of the 4I32 are capable of running at higher than normal COMX
port baud rates. These high baud rate options are selectable by setup jumpers and software.
GLOBAL 2X BAUD RATE SELECT
W1 selects the baud rate clock that drives all 4I32 UARTs. When W1 is in the down position,
normal COMX compatible baud rates are enabled. For high speed applications, W1 can be moved to
the up position. All baud rates will then be 2X the normal programmed rate.
4X BAUD RATE SELECTION
The 16C864 UART used on the 4I32 has the capability of selecting a 1X or 4X baud rate clock
on a per channel basis. This is controlled by bit 7 of the MCR register. The default state of these bits
are determined by the 4X baud rate jumper, W2. If this jumper is in the down position, normal 1X
baud rates are used as default. If W2 is in the up position, the default baud rate for all channels will
be 4 times the normal rate. The 1X/4X selection can be changed later by software on a per channel
basis by reprogramming bit 7 of the respective MCR register.
8X BAUD RATE
It is possible to combine the 2X and 4X options to allow 8X baud rates. If both the 2X and 4X
options are enabled (both W1 and W2 are in the UP position), the baud rates of each channel will be
8X the normal rate, so a channel programmed for 115.2K baud will actually run at 921.6K baud.
Page 13
4I32 USER’S MANUAL
CONFIGURATION
BAUD RATE SELECT JUMPER LOCATIONS
Page 14
4I32 USER’S MANUAL
INSTALLATION
GENERAL
When the 4I32 has been properly configured for its application, it can be inserted into a PC/104
stack. The standoffs should then be tightened to secure the 4I32 in its place. When the 4I32 is secured
in the stack the 40 header can be plugged in from the side.
Page 15
4I32 USER’S MANUAL
OPERATION
CONNECTOR PIN-OUT
When using the RS-232 interface, the 40 pin header on the 4I32 is normally terminated with IDC
cables having 9 pin male DE9 connectors on the far end. When terminated this way, the 9 pin D
connectors have the same pin-out as PC-AT type serial ports. When used in the RS-422 mode the
pin-out is similar to the RS-422 secondary channel standard (RS-449). The pin numbers titled DE9
below reflect the 9 pin D connector pin numbers. The pin numbers titled HDR40 below reflect the
4I32 40 pin header pin numbers.
RS-232 CONNECTOR PIN-OUT:
DE9
HDR40 (CH3,CH2,CH1,CH0)
SIGNAL
1
1,11,21,31
CD (Carrier Detect)
2
3,13,23,33
RXD (Received Data)
3
5,15,25,35
TXD (Transmitted Data)
4
7,17,27,37
DTR (Data Term. Ready)
5
9,19,29,39
Ground
6
2,12,22,32
DSR (Data Set Ready)
7
4,14,24,34
RTS (Request To Send)
8
6,16,26,36
CTS (Clear To Send)
9
8,18,28,38
RI (Ring Indicator)
NC
10,20,30,40
+5V (Header only)
RS-422/485 CONNECTOR PIN-OUT:
DE9
HDR40 (CH3,CH2,CH1,CH0)
SIGNAL
1
1,11,21,31
Ground
2
3,13,23,33
No Connection
3
5,15,25,35
TXDA (Transmitted Data B)
4
7,17,27,37
RXDA (Received Data A)
5
9,19,29,39
Ground
6
2,12,22,32
RXDB (Received Data B)
7
4,14,24,34
No Connection
8
6,16,26,36
No Connection
9
8,18,28,38
TXDB(Transmitted Data B)
NC
10,20,30,40
+5V (Header only)
Page 16
4I32 USER’S MANUAL
OPERATION
SHARED INTERRUPTS
Interrupts on the 4I32 can be combined (OR’ed) to allow sharing of interrupts by two or more
serial channels. Interrupts can be OR’ed between the two or more channels on one card. Each shared
interrupt can be individually masked via a common interrupt control register. When the 4I32 is first
powered-up or reset, the shared interrupt feature is disabled, and interrupt operation is exactly the
same as standard COMX ports.
To use shared interrupts, you must first route the shared interrupt output to the desired bus
interrupt. This is done by setting jumper W3 to the up position. This connects channel 3’s set of
interrupt select jumpers to the shared interrupt driver. Then the desired bus IRQ for the shared
interrupt is selected with channel 3’s jumpers. The channels that will share an interrupt need to have
their interrupt select jumper(s) set to the NONE position. Serial channels sharing an interrupt need to
have their IRQ drivers enabled via setting the OUT2 bits of the respective channels (the normal
way). The shared interrupt register must now be appropriately initialized to enable the shared
interrupts. When interrupts are or’ed, the interrupt service routine must determine which channel(s)
caused the interrupt, and make sure that there are no pending interrupts from any other channel
before returning. The 4I32 utility disk has a OR’ed interrupt example program called 4I32OINT.
SHARED INTERRUPT REGISTERS
The shared interrupt feature of the 4I32 is controlled by an 5 bit read/write parallel latch and a 5
bit read only status port. The interrupt bits are accessed at the location of the first serial channel +
8000H. For example: if the first serial port is located at 03F8H to 03FFH (the default location) the
option bits would be accessed I/O addresses of 83F8H and 83F9. These addresses will not conflict
with normal access to the 4I32. Option bits are set or cleared by writing a 1 or 0 to the appropriate bit.
The option bits can be read back by reading the option bit location. The data is read at bits 0..4, all
other bits are undefined. All bits are active high. After a system reset, all option bits are zeros,
disabling all options. This leaves the 4I32 in a state that is compatible with standard COM X type
serial ports.
Page 17
4I32 USER’S MANUAL
OPERATION
SHARED INTERRUPT REGISTER
The following chart shows the bit definitions in the shared interrupt registers. BASE is the
location of serial channel 1 + 8000H. All signals are active high (high true).
write port @ BASE
BIT#
0
NAME
IMASK0
FUNCTION WHEN SET
Enables channel 0 or’ed interrupt
1
IMASK1
Enables channel 1 or’ed interrupt
2
IMASK2
Enables channel 2 or’ed interrupt
3
IMASK3
Enables channel 3 or’ed interrupt
4
SINTEN
Driver enable for shared interrupt
read port @ BASE
BIT#
0
NAME
INT0
FUNCTION
Status of channel 0 interrupt
1
INT1
Status of channel 1 interrupt
2
INT2
Status of channel 2 interrupt
3
INT3
Status of channel 3 interrupt
4
1+PEND
One or more interrupts pending
5
2+PEND
Two or more one interrupts pending
read port @ BASE + 1
BIT#NAME
FUNCTION
0
1
IMASK0
IMASK1
Readback of IMASK0
Readback of IMASK1
2
IMASK2
Readback of IMASK2
3
IMASK3
Readback of IMASK3
4
SINTEN
Readback of SINTEN
Page 18
4I32 USER’S MANUAL
OPERATION
FIFO STATUS REGISTER
The following chart shows the bit definitions in the FIFO status register. BASE is the location of
serial channel 1 + 8000H. All signals are active high (high true).
read port @ BASE +2
BIT#
0
NAME
TXRDY0
FUNCTION
Ready to accept 1 or more characters
1
TXRDY1
""
2
TXRDY2
""
3
TXRDY3
""
4
RXRDY0
Less than FIFO trigger level characters available
5
RXRDY1
""
6
RXRDY2
""
7
RXRDY3
""
RS-422/485 OPERATION
When RS-422/458 levels are used, the only data signals are available at the interface. All input
handshaking lines are tied to their inactive states.
To connect the 4I32 to an RS-485 bus, you need to connect RXDA to TXDA and RXDB to
TXDB. The RS485 I/O pair is then connected to TXDA and TXDB.
When the 4I32 is first powered up or reset, the RS-422/485 driver are disabled. The drivers can
be enabled by writing a 1 to the OUT1 bit of the MCR register of the UART. The 16C864 UART can
also be programmed to automatically enable and disable the RS-422/485 drivers based on need to
transmit data.
Page 19
4I32 USER’S MANUAL
OPERATION
ADVANCED 16C864 FEATURES
The UARTS in the 16C864 chip used on the 4I32 have many advanced features including 128
byte receive and transmit FIFOs, hardware and software flow control, automatic RS-485 driver
direction control, 4X baud rate option and more. A detailed description of these features is beyond
the scope of this manual, however a A PDF format 16C864 data sheet has been included in the 4I32
distribution disk.
Page 20
4I32 USER’S MANUAL
REFERENCE INFORMATION
SPECIFICATIONS
MIN
POWER SUPPLY
Voltage
4.5
MAX
UNIT
5.5
V
Supply current (RS-232 only)
---
50
mA
Supply current (RS-232 /RS422)
---
150
mA
Supply current (RS422 only)
---
250
mA
BUS LOADING:
Input capacitance
---
15
pF
Input leakage current
---
5
uA
Output drive capability
150
---
pF
Output sink current
12
---
mA
RS232 INTERFACE LEVELS:
RS-232 output voltage (local power)
+-5
+-12
Volts
(3.3k load -all outputs loaded)
ENVIRONMENTAL:
Operating temperature range -I version
Relative humidity
+85oC
-C version
0
+70
o
0
90
-40
Page 21
C
Percent Non-condensing
4I32 USER’S MANUAL
REFERENCE INFORMATION
WARRANTY
Mesa Electronics warrants the products it manufactures to be free effects in material and
workmanship under normal use and service for the period of 2 years from date of purchase. This
warranty shall not apply to products which have been subject to misuse, neglect, accident, or
abnormal conditions of operation. In the event of failure of a product covered by this warranty, Mesa
Electronics, will repair any product returned to Mesa Electronics within 2 years of original purchase,
provided the warrantor’s examination discloses to its satisfaction that the product was defective. The
warrantor may at its option, replace the product in lieu of repair. With regard to any product returned
within 2 years of purchase, said repairs or replacement will be made without charge. If the failure has
been caused by misuse, neglect, accident, or abnormal conditions of operation, repairs will be billed
at a nominal cost.
THE FOREGOING WARRANTY IS IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES,
EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED
WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS, OR ADEQUACY FOR ANY
PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR USE. MESA ELECTRONICS SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR
ANY SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, WHETHER IN
CONTRACT, TORT, OR OTHERWISE.
If any failure occurs, the following steps should be taken:
1. Notify Mesa Electronics, giving full details of the difficulty. On receipt of this information,
service data, or shipping instructions will be forwarded to you.
2. On receipt of the shipping instructions, forward the product, in its original protective
packaging, transportation prepaid to Mesa Electronics. Repairs will be made at Mesa Electronics
andthe product returned transportation prepaid.
Page 22
4I32 USER’S MANUAL
REFERENCE INFORMATION
SCHEMATICS
Page 23
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