CTC Union 406 User manual

CTC Union 406 User manual
User Manual
FRM220
In-band Managed
Fiber Media Platform Rack
20 Slot, 2U
CTC Union Technologies Co., Ltd.
CTC Union Technologies Co., Ltd.
Far Eastern Vienna Technology Center (Neihu Technology Park)
8F, No. 60 Zhouzi St.
Neihu District
Taipei 114
Taiwan
Tel:
+886-2-26591021
Fax:
+886-2-27991355
Email: [email protected]
URL: http://www.ctcu.com
FRM220 User Manual
In-band Managed Fiber
Media Platform Rack, 20 Slot, 2U
Version 0.9f Nov 2007 (Draft)
Copyright © 2007, CTC Union Technologies, Inc.
All rights reserved.
All specifications are subject to change without prior notice.
Legal
The information in this publication has been carefully checked and is believed to be entirely accurate at the time of publication.
CTC Union Technologies assumes no responsibility, however, for possible errors or omissions, or for any consequences
resulting from the use of the information contained herein. CTC Union Technologies reserves the right to make changes in its
products or product specifications with the intent to improve function or design at any time and without notice and is not
required to update this documentation to reflect such changes.
CTC Union Technologies makes no warranty, representation, or guarantee regarding the suitability of its products for any
particular purpose, nor does CTC Union assume any liability arising out of the application or use of any product and
specifically disclaims any and all liability, including without limitation any consequential or incidental damages.
CTC Union products are not designed, intended, or authorized for use in systems or applications intended to support or sustain
life, or for any other application in which the failure of the product could create a situation where personal injury or death may
occur. Should the Buyer purchase or use a CTC Union product for any such unintended or unauthorized application, the Buyer
shall indemnify and hold CTC Union Technologies and its officers, employees, subsidiaries, affiliates, and distributors
harmless against all claims, costs, damages, expenses, and reasonable attorney fees arising out of, either directly or indirectly,
any claim of personal injury or death that may be associated with such unintended or unauthorized use, even if such claim
alleges that CTC Union Technologies was negligent regarding the design or manufacture of said product.
TRADEMARKS
Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corp.
HyperTerminal™ is a registered trademark of Hilgraeve Inc.
WARNING:
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the
FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is
operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and if not
installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual may cause harmful interference in which case the user will be
required to correct the interference at his own expense. NOTICE: (1) The changes or modifications not expressively approved
by the party responsible for compliance could void the user's authority to operate the equipment. (2) Shielded interface cables
and AC power cord, if any, must be used in order to comply with the emission limits.
CISPR PUB.22 Class A COMPLIANCE:
This device complies with EMC directive of the European Community and meets or exceeds the following technical standard.
EN 55022 - Limits and Methods of Measurement of Radio Interference Characteristics of Information Technology Equipment.
This device complies with CISPR Class A.
CE NOTICE
Marking by the symbol CE indicates compliance of this equipment to the EMC and LVD directives of the European
Community. Such marking is indicative that this equipment meets or exceeds the following technical standards: EN
55022:2006, Class A, EN55024:1998+A1:2001+A2:2003, and EN60950-1:2001
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Introduction.......................................................................................................................................................................... 7
1.0 Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................................. 7
1.1 Functional Description................................................................................................................................................................. 7
1.2 Chassis Front Description............................................................................................................................................................ 7
1.3 Chassis Rear Description............................................................................................................................................................. 8
1.4 Chassis Physical Dimensions ...................................................................................................................................................... 8
1.5 Chassis Specifications.................................................................................................................................................................. 9
1.6 Line Card Options........................................................................................................................................................................ 9
1.7 NMC (SNMP) .............................................................................................................................................................................. 9
1.8 Fiber Optical Options................................................................................................................................................................. 10
1.9 FRM220 Application ................................................................................................................................................................. 11
Chapter 2 Installation.......................................................................................................................................................................... 13
2.1 Introduction ............................................................................................................................................................................... 13
2.2 Site Preparation ......................................................................................................................................................................... 13
2.3 Mechanical Assembly............................................................................................................................................................... 13
2.3.1 Rack mounting .................................................................................................................................................................... 13
2.3.2 Fan Units Removal/Replacement....................................................................................................................................... 14
2.3.3 Line Card Conversion, Stand-alone/Rack ......................................................................................................................... 14
2.4 Electrical Installation ................................................................................................................................................................ 15
2.5 Alarm Installation ..................................................................................................................................................................... 15
2.6 Chassis Cascade ........................................................................................................................................................................ 16
2.7 Power Modules Removal/Replacement................................................................................................................................... 17
2.8 Installation ................................................................................................................................................................................. 18
2.6.1 Line Card Installation ......................................................................................................................................................... 18
2.6.2 NMC Card Installation........................................................................................................................................................ 18
Chapter 3 Provisioning ....................................................................................................................................................................... 19
3.1. Introduction .............................................................................................................................................................................. 19
3.2 Console Mode ........................................................................................................................................................................... 20
3.2.1 Control Port General ........................................................................................................................................................... 20
3.2.2 Terminal Connection .......................................................................................................................................................... 20
3.2.3 Terminal Pin Definition...................................................................................................................................................... 20
3.2.4 Terminal Login.................................................................................................................................................................... 21
3.2.5 TCP/IP Configuration......................................................................................................................................................... 22
3.2.6 Chassis Information and Alarm setup................................................................................................................................ 25
3.2.7 User Password Setup........................................................................................................................................................... 27
3.2.8 Upgrading the NMC............................................................................................................................................................ 27
3.2.8.1 Preconditions.................................................................................................................................................................... 27
3.2.8.2 Items required................................................................................................................................................................... 27
3.2.8.3 Equipment Setup .............................................................................................................................................................. 27
3.2.8.4 Setup the FRM220 ........................................................................................................................................................... 28
Chapter 4 Web Based Management................................................................................................................................................... 31
4.1 Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................ 31
4.2 Web Based Management Operation ............................................................................................................................................. 31
4.2.1 Introduction ............................................................................................................................................................................. 31
4.2.2 Configuration .......................................................................................................................................................................... 31
4.2.2.1 Start the Web Based application ..................................................................................................................................... 31
4.3.2.2 View SNMP & Chassis ................................................................................................................................................... 34
4.32.3 Edit the SNMP Agent ....................................................................................................................................................... 35
4.33 Operation .............................................................................................................................................................................. 36
4.33.1 Rack Detail ........................................................................................................................................................................ 37
5.4 Troubleshooting ............................................................................................................................................................................. 39
5.41 Network Settings...................................................................................................................................................................... 39
5.41.1 Review Agent Settings...................................................................................................................................................... 39
5.41.2 Review Manager Settings................................................................................................................................................. 40
i
Table of Contents
Appendix A. Line Cards...................................................................................................................................................................... 41
Introduction ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 41
A.1 FRM220-10/100i In-band managed 10/100 Fiber Media Converter..................................................................................... 41
A.2 FRM220-1000A In-band (802.3ah) Managed Fiber Gigabit Media Converter (to be announced) .................................... 45
A.3 FRM220-FXO/FXS In-band Managed POTS/PSTN Fiber Converter.................................................................................. 47
A.4 FRM220-Serial In-band Managed Datacom Fiber Media Converter (to be announced)..................................................... 49
A.5 FRM220-E1/T1 In-band Managed G.703 Fiber Media Converter (to be announced)......................................................... 52
A.6 FRM220-Data (to be announced) ............................................................................................................................................ 56
A.7 FRM220-10/100A In-band Managed (IEEE802.3ah) Fiber Ethernet Media Converter...................................................... 69
ii
Chapter 1 Introduction
Chapter 1 Introduction
1.0 Introduction
Thank you for choosing the FRM220 Platform Fiber Media Converter Rack. If you would like to skip right to
the installation and provisioning of the Converter Chassis, proceed to Chapters 2 and 3.
This manual is used to explain the installation and operating procedures for the FRM220, and present its
capabilities and specifications. This manual is divided into 6 Sections, the Introduction, Installation, Operation,
Web Based Management and Trouble Shooting Chapters, plus the Appendices. The Appendices include the details
for each line card, pin assignments of special cables and gives further information on options for placing the device
in service.
The divisions of the manual are intended for use by personnel to answer questions in general areas. Planners
and potential purchasers may read the Introduction to determine the suitability of the product to its intended use;
Installers should read the Installation Chapter and the Cabling Specification Appendix; Operating Personnel would
use the Operations and Web Based Management Chapters and Appendices to become familiar with the line cards
and settings. Network Administrators should read the chapters on Operation, Web Based Management and
Trouble Shooting to become familiar with the diagnostic capabilities, network settings and management strategies
for the SNMP managed chassis.
1.1 Functional Description
The FRM220 is a 2U high 19" Rack, 20 slot modular media converter center. The FRM220 provides an
economic solution in high density Fiber Converter installations in enterprises or central offices. All critical
components, Power, fans, management module and interface cards are hot swappable allowing online field
replacement. An additional feature allows the FRM220 to detect the working or failing status either of power
module or any fan assembly in the unit and activate relays that can be used to control external alarm devices.
There are 19 slots available for installation of FRM Converter Cards in the FRM220 compact rack. An SNMP
Card is installed in the reserved slot, for local and remote management purposes. Each FRM Card is an
independent fiber to copper converter. When linked to a compatible FRM stand-alone or "I" series FMC (Fiber
Media Converter) stand-alone converter, complete in-band management is supported. All settings of the line card
and remote connected stand-alone device may be managed through any of the available management interfaces. A
variety of cards are or will be available that support multi-mode or single-mode fiber types and connections to SC,
ST, FC or even the latest single fiber WDM (Wave Division Multiplexing) in ranges from 2Km to 120Km. Converter
cards will include Fast Ethernet, Gigabit Ethernet, Serial (RS-485, RS-232 and TTL), E1, T1, Datacom (V.35, RS-530,
X.21, RS-449, and RS-232) and more as the product matures.
The FRM220 optionally incorporates a redundant Power Module. The supply, depending on the model,
derives its power from either an AC power source (90 ~ 264VAC) and/or DC power source. Two available DC
power modules provide either 18-36VDC or 36-72VDC range. When two modules are installed, they provide for
power redundancy and are hot swappable even during the FRM Line Cards' transmissions. The FRM220 provides
all copper interface connections on the face of each FRM Line Card. The fiber interface connectors are also located
on the individual FRM Line Card's face, along with status indicator LEDs. The status LED indicators provide for
quick indications of both copper and fiber link statuses and in fault detection.
1.2 Chassis Front Description
The front of the FRM220 contains the line card slots. They are numbered 1 through 20, from left to right as
viewed from the front. The typical configuration is with one NMC (Network Management Controller) card in slot
number 1 and in-band manageable line cards in any other slot numbered 2 through 20.
FRM220 Series In-Band Managed
Media Converter Cards
NMC Card
Console Port (DB9F RS-232 Async)
115,200, 8, N, 1-DCE
10/100Base-TX
Ethernet
Figure 1-1 Chassis Front View
7
Chapter 1 Introduction
1.3 Chassis Rear Description
The rear panel holds the chassis interface, the hot-swappable cooling fan modules, and the hot-swappable
power modules. The pluggable modules do not require any tools for removal and replacement.
Cooling Fan
IEC AC Mains Input Chassis Cascade
connectors
Alarm Relay
Contacts
Power
Module 1
AC Type
Terminal Strip
for DC Models
Power
Module 2
DC Type
Figure 1-2 Chassis Rear View
1.4 Chassis Physical Dimensions
Figure 1-3 Chassis Dimensions, in millimeters
8
Cooling Fan
Chapter 1 Introduction
1.5 Chassis Specifications
Environment
Temperature
Humidity
0 - 65°C (32-150°F)
10-90% non condensing
Alarm relay contact ratings
125VAC
1A
110VDC
0.6A
30VDC
4A
Power Module Specifications
AC Power Module
Input : Universal, 90 (Min.) ~ 264 (Max.) VAC; Frequency : 47~63 Hz
Power Consumption : tba
Output : DC 12V, 150W maximum rating
DC Power Module
Input : -36~72 VDC
Input : -18~-36VDC (option)
Power Consumption : tba
Output : DC 12V, 150W maximum rating
Compliance
European Union : EN55022:2006, Class A, EN55024:1998+A1:2001+A2:2003, and EN60950-1:2001
FCC : part 15, subpart B, class A
UL : tba
Reliability
MTTB : >65,000 hours (25°C)
Physical Specifications
Dimensions : 438mm (Width) x 302mm (Depth) x 88mm (Height)
(US: 17 1/4" wide x 11 7/8" deep x 3 1/2" high)
Weight : 4485g (US: 9.9 lbs)
AC module weight : 690g (US 1.5 lbs)
DC module weight : 505g (US 1.2 lbs)
Fan module weight : 200g (US 0.5 lbs)
NMC card weight : 120g (US 0.25 lbs)
Net Weight : 6.2kgs (US 13 lbs 11 oz)
(includes 1 NMC, 2 fan modules, 1 AC +1 DC power module & two bracket panels for 19" rack-mounting)
Basic Package Shipping Weight : tba
(includes ….) [due to weight considerations, additional line cards are packaged separately]
1.6 Line Card Options
The FRM220 is capable of supporting a variety of in-band managed line card types which may be mixed and
matched in any slot of the rack. Please refer to Appendix B of the latest version manual for details of all the line
card options for the FRM220.
1.7 NMC (SNMP)
The FRM220 must be ordered with an NMC (Network Management Controller) Card. The card is placed in the
far left, number one card slot. Management is accomplished either via local control on the asynchronous RS-232
port with an ASCII terminal or via Ethernet and any standard SNMP network management software that supports
MIB-II. The WEB GUI based interface provides an easy method for the user to operate and monitor the whole
system. All FRM line cards support remote in-band configuration when paired with the same type FMC standalone in-band converter.
9
Chapter 1 Introduction
1.8 Fiber Optical Options
Fiber access connectors are provided for fiber optic cable connection on each line card. Each connector has
labeling for "TX" (for transmission of optical data) and "RX" (for reception of optical data). The various multi-mode
and single mode types are shown below with transmission reach.
10/100 Base Media Converter Card Specifications (Normal type)
Card Type
10/100M/2 10/100S/15 10/100S/30 10/100S/50
Fiber Mode Multi
Single
Single
Single
Wave Length 1310nm
1310nm
1310nm
1310nm
Connector
*
*
*
*
Fiber Cablex2 62.5/125um 9/125um
9/125um
9/125um
Max. Length 2Km
15Km
30Km
50Km
MDI
Auto
Auto
Auto
Auto
* Available with ST, SC, FC or LC type connectors
10/100S/120 TP Ports
Single
Cable
1550nm
*
Environment
9/125um
120Km
Auto
Dimensions :
10/100 Base Media Converter Card Specifications (WDM type)
Card Type
10/100W/20A 10/100W/20B 10/100W40A 10/100W40B
Fiber Mode Single
Single
Single
Single
Wave Length 1310/1550nm 1550/1310nm 1310/1550nm 1550/1310nm
Connector
SC (WDM) SC (WDM) SC (WDM) SC (WDM)
Fiber Cablex1 9/125um
9/125um
9/125um
9/125um
Max. Length 20Km
20Km
40Km
40Km
MDI
Auto
Auto
Auto
Auto
1000 Base Media Converter Card Specifications
Card Type
1000-M/550 1000-S/010 1000-S/030
Fiber Mode Multi
Single
Single
Wave Length 1310 nm
1310nm
1550nm
Connector
GB or LC
GB or LC
GB or LC
Fiber Cablex1 62.5/125um 9/125um
9/125um
Max. Length 550m
10Km
30Km
MDI
Auto
Auto
Auto
1000-S/050
Single
1550nm
GB or LC
9/125um
50Km
Auto
TP Ports
Cable
Shielded RJ-45 jacks
Cat. 5 UTP up to 100 meters
Temperature : 0~50 C
Relative Humidity :
10%~90% non-condensing
17.7x25.5x2.4cm
Shielded RJ-45 jacks
Cat. 5 UTP up to 100 meters
Environment
Temperature : 0~50 C
Relative Humidity
10%~90% non-condensing
Dimensions : 17.7x25.5x2.4cm
1000-S/080
Single
1550 nm
GB or LC
9/125um
80 Km
Auto
Datacom Converter Card Specifications (Normal type)
Card Type E1B-M/2
E1B-S/15
E1B-S/30
E1B-S/50
E1B-S/120
Card Type E1R-M/2
E1R-S/15
E1R-S/30
E1R-S/50
E1R-S/120
Card Type T1-M/2
T1-S/15
T1-S/30
T1-S/50
T1-S/120
Card Type Data/V35/M2 Data/V35/S15 Data/V35/S30 Data/V35/S50 Data/V35/S120
Card Type Data/X21/M2 Data/X21/S15 Data/X21/S30 Data/X21/S50 Data/X21/S120
Card Type Data/530/M2 Data/530/S15 Data/530/S30 Data/530/S50 Data/530/S120
Card Type Data/449/M2 Data/449/S15 Data/449/S30 Data/449/S50 Data/449/S120
Card Type Data/232/M2 Data/232/S15 Data/232/S30 Data/232/S50 Data/232/S120
Card Type Serial/M2
Serial/S15
Serial/S30
Serial/S50
Serial/S120
** Supports 3/5 wire RS-232, 2/4 wire RS-485, TTL and RS423
Fiber Mode Multi
Single
Single
Single
Single
Wave Length 1310nm
1310nm
1310nm
1310nm
1550nm
Connector
*
*
*
*
*
Fiber Cablex2 62.5/125 m 9/125 m
9/125 m
9/125 m
9/125 m
Max. Length 2Km
15Km
30Km
50Km
120Km
TP Ports
Cable
Shielded RJ-45 jacks
Cat. 5 or 6 UTP up to 100 meters
Environment
Temperature : 0~50 C
Relative Humidity
10%~90% non-condensing
Dimensions : 17.7x25.5x2.4cm
BNC Ports
RJ-45 Ports
RJ-45 Ports
HD26
HD26
HD26
HD26
HD26
Terminal
Coaxial 75 ohm G.703 E1
USOC RJ-48C 120 ohm G.703 E1
USOC RJ-48C 100 ohm DS1
adapter to MB34F or M (V.35)
adapter to DB15F or M (X.21)
adapter to DB25F or M (RS-530)
adapter to DB37F or M (RS-449)
adapter to DB25F or M (RS-232)
6 pin wire terminal **
Cable
Environment
Temperature : 0~50 C
Relative Humidity :
10%~90% non-condensing
* Available with ST, SC, or FC type connectors
Dimensions : 17.7x25.5x2.4cm
All Datacom converter cards are also available with WDM type transceivers, which must be matched in pairs (A to B) and in either 20KM or 40KM reach.
Please ask our Sales or representative for availability and/or specifications of other transceiver types not listed above.
10
Chapter 1 Introduction
1.9 FRM220 Application
The FRM220 is an excellent choice for complimenting fiber infrastructure in Metro LAN, campus, corporate
buildings, factories, or in FTTx applications. With standard SNMP management, carriers or Internet Service
Providers will have confidence to deploy a solution that provides the necessary remote monitoring and
configuration features.
Figure 1-4 Application
11
Chapter 1 Introduction
12
Chapter 2 Installation
Chapter 2 Installation
2.1 Introduction
The Installation chapter will cover the physical installation of the FRM220, Rack Mount In-Band Managed
Series Fiber Converter Platform Chassis, the electrical connections, interface connections and cabling requirements.
A brief overview of the functional components such as main unit and management options will also be outlined in
this chapter.
Required Tools
You will need these tools to install the FRM220:
Number 2 Phillips screwdriver for the 3mm and the 12-24 rack installation screws.
Wrist strap or other personal grounding device to prevent ESD occurrences.
Antistatic mat or antistatic foam to set the equipment on.
2.2 Site Preparation
Install the FRM220 within reach of an easily accessible grounded AC outlet. The outlet should be capable of
furnishing 90 to 250 VAC. Refer to 2.4 Electrical Installation. Allow at least 10cm (4 inch) clearance at the front of
the FRM220 for the Ethernet cables.
2.3 Mechanical Assembly
The FRM220 is designed for rack mount installation and will require 2U space in a standard EIA 19" or 23"
rack. The FRM220 has two removable fan units in the rear side of the chassis. Without operation fans, excessive
temperatures within the unit might cause it to electrically shutdown. The FRM220 chassis is delivered completely
assembled, however converter cards may or may not be installed in the chassis upon delivery. The rack mount
adapters may be placed along the front or centrally located on the chassis. Optional brackets also allow installation
into a 23" rack and in this configuration, central mounting is recommended.
2.3.1 Rack mounting
Figure 2-1 Standard 19" Rack-Mount Installation of FRM220 Unit requires 2RU space
13
Chapter 2 Installation
2.3.2 Fan Units Removal/Replacement
Figure 2-2 Removal/Replacement of FRM220 Fan Units
2.3.3 Line Card Conversion, Stand-alone/Rack
The FRM Media Converter Line Card may be mounted in the FRM220 chassis or serve as a stand-alone unit.
When installing in the single slot chassis, the outer cover holds the line card. The unit then serves as a stand-alone
media converter that can be linked to a line card in the FRM220 chassis.
FRM220-CH01-AC(DC), single
slot chassis with built-in AC or
DC power. (two models)
FRM220-CH01, single slot
chassis
Requires external AC to DC
12V switching adapter.
Figure 2-3 Converting FRM220 line card for stand-alone use
14
Chapter 2 Installation
2.4 Electrical Installation
With an AC power module, AC power is supplied to the FRM220 through a standard IEC 3-prong receptacle,
located on the rear of the module. With a DC module, DC -48V is connected to the terminal block located on the
rear of the module, observing the proper polarity. The FRM220 should always be grounded through the protective
earth lead of the power cable in AC installations, or via the frame ground connection for DC installations.
Left: Live line
Right: Neutral line
Middle: Ground
-V
DC IN
FG +V
Left: -V (-48V)
Right: +V (0V)
Middle: Frame Ground
36~72VDC
18~36 VDC
Figure 2-4 IEC (AC) & terminal block (DC) power connector pin assignment
2.5 Alarm Installation
The alarm relay provides one set of Power Failure contacts (normally open) and another set of FAN Failure
contacts (normally open) contacts for monitoring the power and fans condition of the FRM220.
Cascade Ports
IN
Alarm Contacts
1
2
125VAC
110VDC
30VDC
OUT
Chassis ID
Figure 2-5 Alarm Relay Contacts and Cascade Ports
15
1A
0.6A
4A
Chapter 2 Installation
2.6 Chassis Cascade
The FRM220 chassis may be cascaded in such a manner that only one single IP address is required to manage
up to 10 chassis in a single location. The connection diagram is shown below. Each chassis is assigned a unique ID
starting at zero for the master chassis and incrementing for each cascaded chassis, up to an ID of nine. The "out" of
the parent chassis connects to the "in" of the child using any standard UTP cable with RJ-45 connectors.
0
IN
OUT
1
IN
Chassis ID = 2
(Slave)
OUT
9
IN
Chassis ID = 1
(Slave)
OUT
2
IN
Chassis ID = 0
(Master)
Chassis ID = 9
(Slave)
OUT
Figure 2-6 Cascade Ports Connections and ID assignment
16
Chapter 2 Installation
2.7 Power Modules Removal/Replacement
The Power Supply Modules in the FRM220 are available in three versions, one AC and two DC types. The
universal AC version supports input voltages of 90 to 264 volts at frequencies of 47 to 63 Hertz. The DC version
supports either a standard 36 to 72VDC or an optional 18 to 36VDC input voltage. Only one power supply module
is required to power a completely full rack. When two Power Supply Modules are installed, the supplies are hot
swappable and redundant, meaning any one supply may be removed and replaced without impacting the
operation of the FRM220 Rack.
Power
Modules
Figure 2-7 Power Modules for FRM220
17
Chapter 2 Installation
2.8 Installation
2.6.1 Line Card Installation
The Line Cards for the FRM220 are Fiber Media Converter Cards which slide into the FRM220 chassis, and
interface with the pack panel "main board". The back panel provides a connection to the converter cards for power
and serial control.
The media converter cards are designed to be "hot" swappable, meaning the FRM220 chassis need not be
powered off in order to remove or replace a card. Removal and installation of converter cards with the rack chassis
under power will not effect the operation of other converter cards.
Removal of a converter card is accomplished by loosening the one (1) captive screw (upper) and then pulling
the card straight out of the chassis with the same screw. Replace the card by reversing the procedure, align in the
slot groove and gently seat the card, retightening the captive screw.
Figure 2-7 Line card removal/replacement
2.6.2 NMC Card Installation
Slot number 1 of the chassis is reserved for the Network Management Controller (NMC). The NMC card
provides the full network management features. When the NMC is installed, the rack and all line cards become
manageable by industry standard SNMP protocol. (Please refer to Chapter 3 for more information on the operation
of the network management features). The remaining slots, numbered 2 through 20, may contain any other
FRM220 In-band Managed fiber media converter card.
Figure 2-8 NMC removal/replacement in slot number 1
IMPORTANT: In the FRM220 In-Band Managed Rack, slot number1 must contain an NMC card. In a chassis where nonmanaged line cards are employed (cards that use DIP switch settings), slot number 1 may then be used for a non-managed
media converter line card.
18
Chapter 3 Provisioning
Chapter 3 Provisioning
3.1. Introduction
This chapter will go into the details of the specific provisioning and operation of the FRM220. Broken into two
parts, the first part outlines the procedures and functions when using the serial console for configuration. The
second section will outline the operation when using a network connection, including the web based GUI. For
initial operation, until the TCP/IP settings are completed, a terminal connection to the Console port is typically
required.
All of the features and controls described in this chapter require the FRM220 chassis to have the NMC
(Network Management Controller) installed. The Management System is a collection of three control modes for the
FRM220. The simplest and most basic mode is "Console Mode". The terminal or console mode is a local control
which requires an ASCII based terminal and an RS-232 connection to the RS-232 console port of the SNMP card.
Provisioning and monitoring are performed through a series of menus and menu selection items. All changes
made to line cards through console mode are executed immediately and do not require any separate 'save'
operations. From the console mode, the initial network configuration can be accomplished. This will allow remote
network configuration to proceed from Telnet connection (remote console), web browser or any network
management software after compiling the enterprise MIB-II compliant file for FRM220 SNMP. A MIB browser
provides another simple platform for the user to setup using the SNMP protocol.
Chassis Status LEDs
Power, Fan, Alarm
Serial Console port:
DCE,115.2K,8,N,1
Chassis Stack LED
SNMP activity LED
10/100 LAN
connection,
auto-negotiation,
auto-MDIX
Figure 3-1 NMC card front panel, management interfaces
Prior to any initial use of the LAN interface on the SNMP card, the configuration settings for networking must
be performed. These include the NMC device's IP address and subnet mask, the network's default gateway, the IP
address of any TFTP server that may be used to upgrade the SNMP firmware, and lastly the IP addresses of the
management workstations that will be managing the system via SNMP protocol. The front panel of the NMC card
provides the connections and indicators.
The LAN connector is an RJ-45 designed for direct connection to either a HUB or DTE device (auto-MDIX
supported). The interface supports 10/100Base Ethernet auto negotiation. The 'LNK' LED will light to indicate the
Ethernet has a successful link and flash when there is activity on the Ethernet. The '100' LED will light to indicate
the Ethernet connection speed is 100M.
The DB9 Female connector is an RS-232 DCE connector designed to connect directly to a terminal or a PC
running terminal emulation software. The 'ACT' LED will flash once per second when the SNMP has successfully
booted and is running. If multiple chassis are cascaded to this NMC card, the 'STK' (stack) LED will be lit.
A unique feature of the NMS, the system can restore all the previous settings in case some unexpected event
occurs such as the sudden power loss. After power is restored all the settings will be restored to each line card and
remote units that apply.
19
Chapter 3 Provisioning
3.2 Console Mode
3.2.1 Control Port General
The FRM220 SNMP Console Port, labeled 'Console' on the card face, is an RS-232 asynchronous console
terminal port designed to facilitate monitoring the condition of all converter cards and links as well as setup of all
networking parameters through the use of a standard text based terminal or any terminal emulation program
running on a Personal Computer.
3.2.2 Terminal Connection
A notebook computer has become an invaluable tool of the Systems Engineer. Connection to the computer is
very simple. The FRM220 SNMP acts as a DCE to the PC's DTE communications port. The only hardware required
is a DB9-pin one-to-one, male to female cable. A convenient application, provided with the Microsoft Windows®
operating systems, is "HyperTerminal TM". To Start the HyperTerminal program, following the steps below: Please
follow the instruction to connect in console mode.
1.
Start "HyperTerminal" program -Click 'Start', select 'Programs', 'Accessories', 'Communication', 'HyperTerminal'
Enter Connection Name
Select an Icon ' Click OK
2.
Select COM port to communicate with SNMP Card
Choose direct to COM1 or COM2 ' click OK
3.
Set Port Properties -Port Setting:
Bit per second: 115200
Data bits: 8
Stop bits: 1
Parity bits: None
Flow Control: None
Figure 3-2 HyperTerminal port settings for FRM220
NOTE : Make the appropriate connections between the NMC card and the COM port, apply power to the
FRM220 , then press ESC, SPACE or ENTER after NMC card is fully booted (less than 10 seconds). When the 'ACT'
LED is flashing steadily once per second, you may then use the "Console Mode" to access the FRM220.
3.2.3 Terminal Pin Definition
The console port of the FRM220 is an RS-232 interface (DCE) that utilizes a DB9F connector. Use the
configuration cable that is supplied with the FRM220 or prepare a three wire DB9(F) to DB9(M) cable with the
following pin out:
DB9(M)
5
2
3
signal
GND
TD
RD
20
DB9(F)
5
2
3
Chapter 3 Provisioning
3.2.4 Terminal Login
To enter "Console mode", a password is required. Normally, there is no password set from the factory. The
user password provides security to protect the system. From a Telnet connection, if you enter the wrong password
three times, the security system will not allow any login again for 15 minutes.
****************************************
*** CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. ***
*** FRM220 NMC
VER. 1.00 ***
****************************************
Login: admin
Password:
After entering the correct password, if required, you will see the main menu display on the screen as follows :
The FRM220 supports two dry contact alarms that are user configurable for a number of different alarm conditions.
Alarm conditions are configurable for alarms from Power, Fans, and UTP or Fiber link and Far End Fault states for local and
remote converters.
Up to 10 chassis may be
****************************************
cascaded and controlled from
*** CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. ***
a single point
*** FRM220 NMC
VER. 1.00 ***
****************************************
This Chassis ID:[00] Cascade:[Yes]
Monitored Chassis ID:[00]
Chassis List:
#0:[X] #1:[ ] #2:[ ] #3:[ ] #4:[ ] #5:[ ] #6:[ ] #7:[ ] #8:[ ] #9:[ ]
<1>:SLOT #01 > NMC & Chassis
<B>:SLOT #11 > FRM220-10/100I
<2>:SLOT #02 > FRM220-10/100I
<C>:SLOT #12 > FRM220-10/100I
<3>:SLOT #03 > FRM220-10/100I
<D>:SLOT #13 > FRM220-10/100I
<4>:SLOT #04 > FRM220-10/100I
<E>:SLOT #14 > FRM220-10/100I
<5>:SLOT #05 > FRM220-10/100I
<F>:SLOT #15 > FRM220-10/100I
<6>:SLOT #06 > FRM220-10/100I
<G>:SLOT #16 > FRM220-10/100I
<7>:SLOT #07 > FRM220-10/100I
<H>:SLOT #17 > FRM220-10/100I
<8>:SLOT #08 > FRM220-10/100I
<I>:SLOT #18 > Empty
<9>:SLOT #09 > FRM220-10/100I
<J>:SLOT #19 > Empty
<A>:SLOT #10 > FRM220-10/100I
<K>:SLOT #20 > Empty
<->:Monitor previous chassis
<+>:Monitor next chassis
<L>:SNMP System Configuration Setup
20 slots are available in the
<M>:SNMP Manager Configuration Setup
FRM220 chassis. One slot for
<P>:Password Setup
NMC and the rest for fiber
<R>:Reboot
<Z>:Logout
converter cards.
The card inventory of all slots in the rack is shown. In this example, the chassis is almost completely filled with
10/100 Ethernet in-band cards and of course the NMC card. If no card is found, the slot status will display 'Empty'.
The cards are number in slots #01~#20, left to right, looking from the front, and can be selected with single keyin of
1~9 or A~K. Pressing the card number will immediately display card's status and configuration screen. For details
of line card settings, please refer to Appendix A for the specific line card type. The other function keys are
explained below.
1: this key will immediately display the status of the power supplies and all fans (chassis).
L: the 'L' key enters the System Configuration screen, where the NMC card's networking settings are
configured.
M: the 'M' key will enter the Manager Configuration screen, where the manager workstation IP is configured,
the trap destinations may be setup and the SNMP community strings are defined.
P: this key will enter the user and password setting feature.
R: this key will reboot (hardware reset) the NMC.
Z: this key will logout of the console mode.
+: the plus key will select the next chassis in a cascaded stack.
-: the minus key will select the previous chassis in a cascaded stack.
21
Chapter 3 Provisioning
3.2.5 TCP/IP Configuration
The Network Management modes that require TCP/IP communications must first have all TCP/IP
configuration settings completed while in the "Console Mode". Once the settings are completed, the FRM220 NMC
card can be accessed by Telnet, the Web or via standard SNMP protocol.
Two Step Configuration
The management configuration process is broken down into two logical steps. First the SNMP agent (the
FRM220 NMC card itself) must be configured with an IP address, subnet mask and gateway IP. Second, the agent
must be told who the network manager is, ie. the management workstation's IP address. Included in the second
step are the community string settings and IP address to send the unsolicited trap messages (alarm messages).
To configure the card for use by SNMP, certain parameters must be set. They are:
a. The SNMP card (agent) needs its own IP address.
b. The SNMP card needs to know the IP address of the management workstation.
c. The community string must be set.
d. The SNMP card's subnet mask can be set.
Step One: Agent Configuration Process
From the main menu type 'L':
****************************************
*** CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. ***
*** FRM220 NMC
VER. 1.00 ***
****************************************
<< SNMP System Configuration Setup >>
Model= FRM220
S/N= 123456789
Target MAC Address= 00:02:ab:06:20:20
<1>: Target IP=
192.168.1.1
These are the default TCP/IP settings.
<2>: Target Netmask=
255.255.255.0
You can directly connect by web
<3>: Target Gateway=
192.168.1.254
browser if you have configured your
<4>: Target Name=
FRM220
Ethernet connected PC for this subnet.
<5>: TFTP Server IP=
192.168.1.100
<6>: TFTP Download Kernel= linux.zip
<7>: TFTP Download File System= romfs.zip
<8>: Load default settings and write to system.
<9>: Do TFTP and Flash Kernel function.
<A>: Do TFTP and Flash File System function.
<ESC>: Write to system and go to previous menu.
Please select an item.
The following are descriptions of the function keys available and the actions which they perform.
1: Use this key to set the NMC card's IP address.
2: Use this key to set the NMC card's subnet mask.
3: Use this key to set the NMC card's default gateway.
4: Use this key to set the System Name
5: Use this key to set the IP address of the TFTP server, used for upgrading.
6: Use this key to set the path and filename of the kernel upgrade image file.
7: Use this key to set the path and filename of the FS upgrade image file.
8: This key will reset all settings to factory default.
9: This key will initiate the TFTP image transfer and flash upgrade the kernel.
A: This key will initiate the TFTP image transfer and flash upgrade the File System.
ESC: This key will write any changes and leave the system setting menu.
NOTE: If changing the IP address, subnet mask or default gateway, please manually reboot the NMC.
22
Chapter 3 Provisioning
Step Two: Manager Configuration Process
a.) Assign Managers
****************************************
*** CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. ***
*** FRM220 NMC
VER. 1.00 ***
****************************************
<< SNMP Manager Configuration Setup >>
Manager's IP
Community String Access
=================== ================ ==========
#1 ------#2 ------#3 ------#4 ------#5 ------#6 ------#7 ------#8 ------Command Function Key:
<1>~<8>: Edit manager #1 to #8 setting.
<D>
: Delete all settings.
<N>
: Go to Trap Configuration menu.
<S>
: Confirm above setting and restart SNMP.
<ESC> : Back to main menu without modification.
Please select an item.
1-8: Use these keys to set the IP address, IP address range or disable for of up to 8 SNMP management
destinations.
D: Use this key to delete all the management settings.
S: Use this key to confirm the settings, save and restart the NMC.
N: Use this key to go to the Trap manager configuration menu.
ESC: Use the escape key to exit this menu without doing any changes.
****************************************
*** CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. ***
*** FRM220 NMC
VER. 1.00 ***
****************************************
<< SNMP Manager Configuration Setup >>
Manager's IP
Community String Access
=================== ================ ==========
#1 192.168.1.0/24
private
read-write
#2 default
public
read-only
#3 172.24.1.125
private
read-write
#4 ------#5 ------#6 ------#7 ------#8 ------Command Function Key:
<1>~<8>: Edit manager #1 to #8 setting.
<D>
: Delete all settings.
<N>
: Go to Trap Configuration menu.
<S>
: Confirm above setting and restart SNMP.
<ESC> : Back to main menu without modification.
Please select an item.
All managers on this
subnet have read/write
access, with community
string 'private'
This single manager has
read/write access, with
community string 'private'
Please note the following when setting the Manager's IP:
1. Using the word 'default' will allow any IP address to manage the rack. They will be assigned the access authority per the
assigned access string, read-write or read-only.
2. When using the subnet delimiter (/8 /16 /24, etc.) the entire sub-net can be allowed management rights.
3. When assigning only a single IP address for management, there is no need to use the /xx subnet.
23
Chapter 3 Provisioning
b.) Trap Management
From the SNMP Manager Configuration Menu, select 'N' for trap management configuration.
****************************************
*** CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. ***
*** FRM220 NMC
VER. 1.00 ***
****************************************
<< Trap Configuration Setup>>
Trap Receiver IP Community String
================ ================
Set up to 8 trap receivers,
#1 192.168.1.100
private
entering their IP addresses.
#2 ----#3 ----#4 ----#5 ----#6 ----#7 ----#8 ----Command Function Key:
<1>~<8>: Edit trap receiver #1 to #8 setting.
<D>
: Delete all settings.
<N>
: Go to Manager Configuration menu.
<S>
: Confirm above setting and restart SNMP.
<ESC> : Back to main menu without modification.
Please select an item.
The following are descriptions of the function keys available and the actions which they perform.
1~8: Use these keys to select any of up to eight trap destination addresses.
D: Use this to clear all settings.
N: Use this key to go back to manager configuration.
S: Use this key to confirm settings and restart the SNMP agent.
ESC: This key will leave the setting menu without saving any changes.
Conclusion
The community strings act like passwords in dealing with the device via SNMP protocol. By changing the
community strings for read / write ('private' in these examples) and read only (public) access, and assigning a
community string to an access IP, an administrator can control access to the FRM220. Community string names
are case sensitive, therefore 'puBlic', 'Public' and 'public' are all different strings.
Now that both the 'System' and 'Manager' settings are complete, the FRM220 is ready to be managed remotely
over an IP network. The system provides a Telnet server feature that allows login over TCP/IP networks and
provides a menu display almost identical to that of the serial console mode. Some functions are disabled in the
Telnet session. For example, you cannot change the FRM220 NMC's IP address from Telnet. To do so would cause
immediate disconnection. However, the individual line card settings remain the same as with serial console.
The FRM220 NMC is supplied with a enterprise MIB file (Management Information Base) that can be compiled
into any standard SNMP network management software. The MIB file is compliant with MIB-II standards.
Later in Chapter 4, we will describe in detail the operation of the Web based management. This graphical
management allows control of many chassis in a convenient and popular WWW environment. The actual
communications between the browser and the NMC card is via standard HTTP protocol.
24
Chapter 3 Provisioning
3.2.6 Chassis Information and Alarm setup
From the main menu of the FRM220, press the '1' (one) key to enter the NMC & Chassis configuration.
****************************************
Version display meaning:
*** CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. ***
Hardware version 1.00
*** FRM220 NMC
VER. 1.01 ***
Software version 1.01
****************************************
This Chassis ID:[00] Cascade:[Yes]
Monitored Chassis ID:[00]
SLOT #01 > SNMP & Chassis
[ Ver:1.00-1.01 ]
Power#1 Type:[DC36-72V] Status:[Fail] Fan#1 RPM:[2850] Status:[OK ]
Power#2 Type:[AC90-250] Status:[OK ] Fan#2 RPM:[2850] Status:[OK ]
Alarm#1 Status:[Active ]
<1>: Mode:
[By Power ]
<2>: User#1: Chassis [ ]Power#1
[ ]Power#2
[ ]Fan#1
[ ]Fan#2
<3>:
Local
[ ]UTP_Link_Down [ ]FX_Link_Down
[ ]FEF_Detect
[ ]Remote_Power_Fail
<4>:
Remote [ ]UTP_Link_Down [ ]FX_Link_Down
Alarm#2 Status:[Inactive]
<5>: Mode:
[By Fan
]
<6>: User#2: Chassis [ ]Power#1
[ ]Power#2
[ ]Fan#1
[ ]Fan#2
<7>:
Local
[ ]UTP_Link_Down [ ]FX_Link_Down
[ ]FEF_Detected [ ]Remote_Power_Fail
<8>:
Remote [ ]UTP_Link_Down [ ]FX_Link_Down
<ESC>: Go to previous menu. Please select an item.
Description of Menu contents:
This Chassis ID: This ID number will reflect the actual ID number set on the selector switch on the rear of the chassis
Power#1 Type: & Status
The FRM220 can accommodate two power supply modules of any type. There are three types available:
1. AC Model, supports 90~250VAC input, 150watt maximum output.
2. DC Model (48), supports 36-72VDC input, 150 watts maximum output
3. DC Model (24), supports 18~36VDC input, 150 watts maximum output
Fan#1 RPM & Status
There are two hot swappable cooling fan assemblies that may be field replaced. The normal operational revolutions
per minute (RPM) are between 2800 and 3000. The threshold for fan alarm is activated if the fan's RPM falls below 1650RPM.
Alarm#1
The FRM220 supports two dry contact alarms that are user configurable for a number of different alarm
conditions, such as from Power, Fans, and UTP or Fiber link and Far End Fault states for local and remote
converters. In the default configuration, Alarm #1 is Active if any failure condition exists for power. Alarm #2 is
active if any fan fails or the RPM falls below the acceptable threshold (1650RPM).
For an example of configuration for Alarm #1, press '1' (one).
Alarm#1 Mode:
<0>: Disable
-- ignore all alarm conditions
<1>: By Powers -- active if any power fails
<2>: By User#1 -- active if any user#1 definition is met
<3>: Active
-- for manual testing
<ESC>: Go to previous menu. Please select an item.
0 : This will completely disable Alarm #1. The relay dry contact will not close and the NMC ALM1 red LED will not light.
1 : This is the factory default setting. This alarm will only be off when two power modules are installed and powered on.
2 : This setting will take the user parameters and set the alarm according to failures in any parameters set under items 2,3,4.
3 : This selection will set the alarm for testing purposes. The ALM1 LED will light and dry contact for Alarm 1 will close.
25
Chapter 3 Provisioning
For an example of configuration for Alarm #2, press '5' (five).
Alarm#2 Mode:
<0>: Disable
-- ignore all alarm conditions
<1>: By Fans
-- active if any fan fails
<2>: By User#2 -- active if any user#2 definition is met
<3>: Active
-- for manual testing
<ESC>: Go to previous menu. Please select an item.
0 : This will completely disable Alarm #2. The relay dry contact will not close and the NMC ALM2 red LED will not light.
1 : This is the factory default setting. This alarm will only be off when one or both fans fail or are removed.
2 : This setting will take the user parameters and set the alarm according to failures in any parameters set under items 2,3,4.
3 : This selection will set the alarm for testing purposes. The ALM1 LED will light and dry contact for Alarm 1 will close.
User Alarm Definitions
Chassis [X]Power#1
[X]Power#2
[X]Fan#1
[X]Fan#2
Local
[X]UTP_Link_Down [X]FX_Link_Down
[X]FEF_Detect
[X]Remote_Power_Fail
Remote [X]UTP_Link_Down [X]FX_Link_Down
When alarm mode is set to "User", these definitions may be added to either User#1 or User#2. Any selected
item that fails will cause alarm activation. For chassis activated alarms, the user may select individual power or fan
combinations. For locally generated alarms, any copper, fiber, Far End Fault or Remote Power Failure can be
selected, in any combination to generate an alarm on failure from any installed Line Card. For any remotely
connected in-band converters, any copper, fiber, Far End Fault or Remote Power Failure may be used to trigger the
alarm relay.
Below is an example of user settings where Alarm#1 will be triggered by any chassis component failure
(power or fan). At the same time, Alarm#2 will be triggered if any local or remote copper or fiber link or remote
power has failure. The system is designed to allow very flexible use of the two dry contact alarms through
customized monitoring schemes.
****************************************
*** CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. ***
*** FRM220 NMC
VER. 1.01 ***
****************************************
This Chassis ID:[00] Cascade:[Yes]
Monitored Chassis ID:[00]
SLOT #01 > NMC & Chassis
[ Ver:1.00-1.01 ]
Power#1 Type:[AC90-250] Status:[OK ]
Fan#1 RPM:[2910] Status:[OK
Power#2 Type:[DC36-72V] Status:[OK ]
Fan#2 RPM:[2970] Status:[OK
Alarm#1 Status:[Inactive]
<1>: Mode:
[By User#1]
<2>: User#1: Chassis [X]Power#1
[X]Power#2
[X]Fan#1
[X]Fan#2
<3>:
Local
[ ]UTP_Link_Down [ ]FX_Link_Down
[ ]FEF_Detect
[ ]Remote_Power_Fail
<4>:
Remote [ ]UTP_Link_Down [ ]FX_Link_Down
Alarm#2 Status:[Inactive]
<5>: Mode:
[By User#2]
<6>: User#2: Chassis [ ]Power#1
[ ]Power#2
[ ]Fan#1
[ ]Fan#2
<7>:
Local
[X]UTP_Link_Down [X]FX_Link_Down
[X]FEF_Detected [X]Remote_Power_Fail
<8>:
Remote [X]UTP_Link_Down [X]FX_Link_Down
<ESC>: Go to previous menu. Please select an item.
26
]
]
Chapter 3 Provisioning
3.2.7 User Password Setup
From the main menu page, press the 'P' key to enter the Password Setup.
<< Password Setup >>
<1>: User Name #1: [ -------- ]
Password:
[ ******** ]
<2>: User Name #2: [ -------- ]
Password:
[ ******** ]
Keyin: 1
<ESC>: Go to previous menu.
Please select an item.
Keyin: y
Enable User #1?['y' or 'n']
User Name #1=admin
Keyin: username &
password
User Password #1=
In the first software release, two users are configurable in the FRM220 NMC. Currently, either user will have full control over
all configuration and monitoring functions of the management system. In some future release, the management will be divided
between different access levels and users will be assigned a level appropriate to their level of authority in the management
scheme. For now, set at least one user and password to protect Telnet and Web access by unauthorized personnel.
3.2.8 Upgrading the NMC
The design of the Network Management Controller is built around a 32 bit embedded processor that uses an
open source Linux kernel and customized software on top. Line cards are designed using 8 bit 8051
microprocessors that handle all configuration of the line card through software and provide the communication via
RS-485 bus from the card to the Network Management Controller (NMC). The NMC and any line cards, including
any remotely connected (over fiber) in-band managed converters, are all capable of online software upgrade.
The purpose of this section is to outline the procedures and pitfalls in upgrading the NMC of the FRM220.
3.2.8.1 Preconditions
The original version 1.0 hardware NMC was released with SNMP code version 1.0x for the FRM220. Software
upgrade is performed by the user by interacting with the NMC via the serial console port on an ASCII terminal
(optionally via Telnet). The software transfer mechanism is the TCP/IP protocol TFTP (Trivial File Transfer
Protocol). The end user or network engineer can perform an upgrade easily from one personal computer or from a
Laptop Computer.
3.2.8.2 Items required
a. The FRM220 unit with NMC installed, configured and network connected. Version 1.0X to be upgraded to version 1.0Y.
b. A Windows® based PC with a network connection and with at least one free COM port and terminal emulation software
(such as HyperTerminal) or Telnet.
c. Serial console cable (DB9M to DB9F) [not required if performing by Telnet]
d. Ethernet UTP cables
e. FRM220-NMP latest version Linux kernel or ROMFS file system
f. CTC Union TFTP server for Windows® (or other TFTP server)
3.2.8.3 Equipment Setup
The upgrade procedure should not have any effect on the traffic passing through an online FRM220 unit. It is
not required that the unit be taken offline for maintenance.
Two connections are required between the PC that will do the upgrade and the FRM220 that will be upgraded.
First, a console connection, with terminal emulation program such as HyperTerminal with settings of 115.2K baud,
8 bits, no parity, 1 stop bit, and no flow control. The second connection is an Ethernet connection, either through a
network or with a direct connection via UTP cable.
Check the Ethernet settings of the FRM220 through the console mode (refer to Chapter 3 Provisioning). Either
change the settings to match the network settings of your PC or set the PC's settings to match the FRM220's
network settings. In the following example, we are on a 192.168.1.0 network with a subnet mask of 255.255.255.0
and a default gateway of 192.168.1.254. Our PC is set with an IP address of 192.168.1.100 and our FRM220 has an IP
address of 192.168.1.1. (factory default settings)
27
Chapter 3 Provisioning
3.2.8.4 Setup the FRM220
The following screens will show the detailed procedures to setup the networking for the FRM220 and prepare
for TFTP upgrade of the SNMP.
Once the console port is connected to a terminal, the following screen will display.
****************************************
*** CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. ***
*** FRM220 NMC
VER. 1.00 ***
****************************************
This Chassis ID:[00] Cascade:[Yes]
Monitored Chassis ID:[00]
Chassis List:
#0:[X] #1:[ ] #2:[ ] #3:[ ] #4:[ ] #5:[ ] #6:[ ] #7:[ ] #8:[ ] #9:[ ]
<1>:SLOT #01 > NMC & Chassis
<B>:SLOT #11 > FRM220-10/100I
<2>:SLOT #02 > FRM220-10/100I
<C>:SLOT #12 > FRM220-10/100I
<3>:SLOT #03 > FRM220-10/100I
<D>:SLOT #13 > FRM220-10/100I
<4>:SLOT #04 > FRM220-10/100I
<E>:SLOT #14 > FRM220-10/100I
<5>:SLOT #05 > FRM220-10/100I
<F>:SLOT #15 > FRM220-10/100I
<6>:SLOT #06 > FRM220-10/100I
<G>:SLOT #16 > FRM220-10/100I
<7>:SLOT #07 > FRM220-10/100I
<H>:SLOT #17 > FRM220-10/100I
<8>:SLOT #08 > FRM220-10/100I
<I>:SLOT #18 > Empty
<9>:SLOT #09 > FRM220-10/100I
<J>:SLOT #19 > Empty
<A>:SLOT #10 > FRM220-10/100I
<K>:SLOT #20 > Empty
<->:Monitor previous chassis
<+>:Monitor next chassis
<L>:SNMP System Configuration Setup
<M>:SNMP Manager Configuration Setup
<P>:Password Setup
<R>:Reboot
<Z>:Logout
Press 'L' to enter the System Configuration Setup.
****************************************
*** CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. ***
*** FRM220 NMC
VER. 1.00 ***
****************************************
<< SNMP System Configuration Setup >>
Model= FRM220
S/N= 123456789
Target MAC Address= 00:02:ab:06:20:20
<1>: Target IP=
192.168.1.1
These are the default TCP/IP settings.
<2>: Target Netmask=
255.255.255.0
<3>: Target Gateway=
192.168.1.254
You can directly connect by web
<4>: Target Name=
FRM220
browser if you have configured your
<5>: TFTP Server IP=
192.168.1.100
Ethernet connected PC for this subnet.
<6>: TFTP Download Kernel= linux.zip
<7>: TFTP Download File System= romfs.zip
<8>: Load default settings and write to system.
<9>: Do TFTP and Flash Kernel function.
<A>: Do TFTP and Flash File System function.
<ESC>: Write to system and go to previous menu.
Please select an item.
Using the menu items 1,2,3 & 5, keyin the networking values. If your notebook will run the TFTP daemon, set
its IP in the configuration for item 5, "TFTP Server IP".
If you have made any changes to items 1-5, you must write (ESC) and reboot (R) the NMC. Press 'ESC' to store
the results and at the main menu press 'R' and confirm with 'y'. The NMC will reboot completely in about 8
seconds.
28
Chapter 3 Provisioning
Ping the NMC from the TFTP server PC
and be sure there is a response.
Place the upgrade file(s) in the same folder
as the TFTP server program.
Start the TFTP server on the connected PC.
In our example, we are using the CTC Union
TFTP server. If Windows® is running a firewall,
a security alert will popup. Click the "Unblock"
button to allow TFTP protocol from the
CTCUTftpServer application.
From the console terminal menu, select "9"
to upgrade the kernel (very rare) or "A" to
upgrade the filesystem (more likely).
The screen at the left shows that the
romfs.zip file was transferred OK.
Note: Use the console menu items 6&7 to
set the filenames for the kernel and/or
filesystem if they do not match the upgrade file
names.
You may now 'Close' the TFTP server on
the PC.
29
Chapter 3 Provisioning
OK, now let's verify the version number of the SNMP. Login to the terminal of the FRM220.
Note that the version is now 1.01.
**************************************************************
*** CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD
V1.01
***
*** FRM-220 Fiber Optical Media Converter Rack Management ***
**************************************************************
Main Menu and Rack Status:
1:Slot #1 >> Empty
<< || 9:Slot #9 >> E1 BNC
<<
2:Slot #2 >> Empty
<< || A:Slot #10 >> 10/100 Base <<
3:Slot #3 >> Empty
<< || B:Slot #11 >> 10/100 Base <<
4:Slot #4 >> Empty
<< || C:Slot #12 >> 10/100 Base <<
5:Slot #5 >> Empty
<< || D:Slot #13 >> 10/100 Base <<
6:Slot #6 >> Empty
<< || E:Slot #14 >> 10/100 Base <<
7:Slot #7 >> Empty
<< || F:Slot #15 >> 10/100 Base <<
8:Slot #8 >> Empty
<< || G:Slot #16 >> 10/100 Base <<
Command Function Key:
'1' to '9', 'A' to 'G': I/O Cards Setting
'P': Show Fans and Powers Status
'R': Refresh Status
'ESC' Logout
'M': Manager Configuration Setup
'S': System Configuration and TFTP Setup
Console:[On line] Telnet:[Off line]
GUI:[Off line]
This completes the SNMP upgrade procedure.
This completes the basic chassis provisioning for the FRM220 2U 20 slot Platform Media Converter Rack. You
will find provisioning and use of the web interface in the next chapter, Chapter 4. Specific configuration for line
cards are located in the Appendix, starting with the first release line card, the FRM220-10/100I, in-band managed
Fast Ethernet fiber media converter.
30
Chapter 4 Web Based Management
Chapter 4 Web Based Management
4.1 Introduction
This chapter will explain the operation of the FRM GUI (Graphical User Interface), a Web based interface used
to monitor and configure the FRM220 fiber media converter rack.
The management station may be attached directly to the FRM220 SNMP card with an Ethernet crossover cable.
Typically the workstation will be attached to a network's HUB or switch and the equipment to be managed may be
connected to the same subnet or may be connected on a remote network that has access via a router to the local
subnet.
Follow the procedures in Chapter 3 for configuring the NMC for TCP/IP communication. Once this is
completed and the Ethernet port of the NMC is connected to your network, the unit may be managed from any
browser under any Operating System. The examples that follow are done with Microsoft's ® Internet Explorer®
running on Vista.
4.2 Web Based Management Operation
4.2.1 Introduction
This section assumes that the Web Based management using a workstation as in section 1 and that the SNMP
agent has been correctly configured as in section 2. This chapter will detail the operation of the web GUI in
monitoring and controlling the FRM220 Platform Media Rack.
4.2.2 Configuration
4.2.2.1 Start the Web Based application
Start the application by opening a web browser application such as Internet Explorer or Firefox. Enter the
address of the FRM220 in the format http://xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx where xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx is the IP address of the NMC
card. A login username and password may or may not be required to enter the configuration. The default
username and password are not set initially. In the example, we have already set a user as 'admin' through the
console.
Figure 4.1 Web manager login
31
Chapter 4 Web Based Management
After a successful login, the home page for the rack will be displayed. All card inventory and LED status are
shown in near real-time.
Figure 4.2 Web based manager first started
32
Chapter 4 Web Based Management
The Web GUI behaves just like any other web based application. The following graphic shows all of the areas
that may be clicked for further configuration. Slots without any line card or without manageable line card will be
shown as 'Empty'.
Line Cards Slots 2~20
NMC & Chassis
Local / Remote
SNMP Setup
Local Slot
In-Band remote
Figure 4.16 Selectable features of the Main Web GUI
33
Chapter 4 Web Based Management
4.3.2.2 View SNMP & Chassis
Click on "SNMP+Chassis" from the left hand window menu bar.
Figure 4.17 Configuration Form
Use this form to change the user password for the Web GUI. In four steps, (1)keyin the current password, (2)
click the 'PassWord' button, (3)keyin the new password and (4)finish by clicking 'Save'. Note also that trap
messages may be sent to a text file for logging, output to the default printer, and/or issue a warning beep on the
PC by clicking the appropriate check box.
34
Chapter 4 Web Based Management
4.32.3 Edit the SNMP Agent
Click on "Edit" from the window menu bar to enter the Edit SNMP Agent Window.
Figure 4.18 Edit the SNMP Agent
35
Chapter 4 Web Based Management
4.33 Operation
The interface for the WEB is a point and click application that requires little use of the keyboard.
Figure 4.17 Operational Web GUI screen
From the operational screen, the status of all line card units may be displayed. The GUI can configure up to 10
racks. Scroll bars on the right allow scrolling through the racks, if there are many. The Pwr and Fan indicators will
display "green" when two power supplies are active and their fans are operating normally. Line card types are
shown and link status displayed by color code:
"Green" status indicates that both the fiber and copper are linked.
"Yellow" indicates loss of link on the copper side.
"Magenta" indicates loss of link on fiber side.
"Grey" indicates neither copper nor fiber linked
"Black" color indicates an empty line card slot or un-identified card.
If all line cards are shown with "Red" color, it indicates a communication error. Possibly the configuration is
not correct or there is a network error that prevents the manager from communicating with the agent.
The trap window at the bottom displays trap messages, indicating the source IP address, the time stamping of
the trap and the trap message itself. New messages are added from the bottom, when the screen is full the
messages will scroll up. The "Clear Trap" button will erase all of the traps displayed and stored in memory.
36
Chapter 4 Web Based Management
4.33.1 Rack Detail
From this main display, we can view the details of any rack by clicking on the "Rack" button for that particular
rack. Select the first device by clicking on the "Rack 1, Rack 2, Rack 3, etc" button. A new window will open
displaying the rack's front and rear panel details.
Figure 4.18 Rack's Web GUI screen
The front panel graphic shows the operational state of all the installed line cards. The LED indications are
shown in real time. Fan and power status are also displayed in "green". A "Red" indication on any of the fans,
power supplies, or power supply fans indicates device or power failure.
Each channel line card is shown with the LED indications in realtime. Clicking on a channel button will enter
the detailed configuration screen for that line card.
The 'Save all' button can save all the current rack settings and all line card settings to a file on the PC. The 'Load
cfg' button can then be used to restore the previously saved configuration data and restore it to the rack.
The 'Close' button will close the rack view window and return to the main program window.
37
Chapter 4 Web Based Management
38
Chapter 5 Troubleshooting
5.4 Troubleshooting
5.41 Network Settings
5.41.1 Review Agent Settings
During unit startup, the "SNMP" LED will light as the agent boots up, then it should blink at about one cycle
per second after boot up and during normal operation. Refer to Chapter 3 section 3.1 for the SNMP agent settings.
Be sure you have a valid IP address for the attached network, that the subnet mask is properly set and that the
default gateway is set if you wish to manage the FRM from a remote network.
Attach a network cable to the FRM's front panel LAN/SNMP connector using a straight cable if connecting to a
HUB or a cross over cable if connecting directly to another MDI device, such as direct connection to a workstation.
The Link LED should be on or flashing. No link LED means no link. From any PC on the network, confirm the
agent can be pinged.
Figure 5.1 Ping
The "ipconfig" command from a command window in NT will display the workstation's IP, subnet and
gateway settings. The "ping" command will send an ICMP protocol message to the agent, which in turn should
reply. If no reply, double check all network connects, connect directly from a workstation to the FRM, or as a last
resort replace the SNMP card of the FRM.
39
Chapter 5 Troubleshooting
5.41.2 Review Manager Settings
For the browser to connect to the FRM for management, the FRM's SNMP must be properly configured with
the manager's IP address and authorized for read/write (via community string setting) and trap messages. Review
the settings explained in 2.5.2.
Review the "Edit" settings in 3.2.3 of the GUI, and confirm that the monitor mode is set to "1", IP address and
community string for read/write match those as set from section 3.3.
If the management workstation is on a remote network, ensure it can also pass the ping test.
Figure 5.2 Ipconfig and Ping Remote Network
Check with your network administrator to ensure that any firewalls in place will allow passing of SNMP
protocol in order to connect with an FRM on a remote network. By default SNMP uses port 161.
Always check all connections and double check all configurations. We have tested the FRM and GUI
extensively on local networks, on remote networks through bridges and routers and even over wireless links. You
should not experience any problems if you follow each and every step in this guide. We hope you enjoy using the
FRM with SNMP option and web based GUI manager.
40
Appendix A
Appendix A. Line Cards
Introduction
The FRM220 In-Band Managed Media Converter Chassis is designed to accept a variety of fiber to copper or
fiber to fiber converter line cards. As line cards are added, this section will be updated with the relevant
information for the new line cards. The management interface and all line cards support software upgrading so
that new line cards and new features may be added at a future date. Please refer to Chapter 3 for details on the
upgrade method and procedures for operating the FRM220.
A.1 FRM220-10/100i In-band managed 10/100 Fiber Media Converter
The FRM-10/100i (in-band converter) is a In-band Managed (OAM) Fiber Ethernet media converter (MC) that
supports 10Base-T or 100Base-TX and converts to 100Base-FX (fiber). The UTP side supports auto-negotiation or
forced settings for speed and duplex by setting as well as auto-MDIX. When the FRM-10/100i is placed in the
FRM220 with NMC, the settings are controlled by the chassis management system. The remote FRM-10/100i standalone may also be configured from the FRM220 through the in-band management features (OAM).
Specifications
Complies with IEEE 802.3 and IEEE 802.3u
Auto MDIX on UTP side
Far End Fault indication (via OAM)
Link Fault Pass Through (LFP) enable or disable
288kb packet buffer in switch mode
CPU
1K MAC address table in switch mode
Chip
Forward 2046 bytes packet in switch mode
Supports IEEE802.3x flow control in switch mode
Ingress/Egress Bandwidth Control (nx32K or nx512k)
Selectable switch or converter operation mode
Supports 9Kbytes jumbo packet in converter mode
Low latency in converter mode
Pass all frames including OAM/fragment in converter mode
Fiber
(SC Type)
LED
Indicators
10/100
Ethernet
10Base-T UTP Cable Requirement
Cable type: Category 3, 4 or 5. Maximum distance: 100 meters (328 feet)
100Base-TX UTP Cable Requirement
Cable type: Category 5, minimum. Maximum distance: 100 meters (328 feet)
Management
The 10/100i line card is managed by an on-card CPU when installed in the FRM220 CH20 chassis. There are no DIP
switches or manual settings. If the MC is placed stand-alone, without local or remote connection to FRM220 NMC
management, the MC runs with default parameter. The default parameters are: switch mode, auto-negotiation,
LFP disabled, ALS (Auto Laser Shutdown) disabled, and no bandwidth limit.
Operation Modes
The default operational mode for the FRM-10/100i is 'switch mode'.
When the MC works in 'switch mode' mode, it does not begin to forward a packet to a destination port until after
the entire packet is received. The latency therefore depends on the packet length. The maximum packet length
supported is up to 2046 bytes in this mode. Different from a normal switch chip, the MC's chip supports
forwarding IEEE802.3x pause frame. In 'switch mode' the MC operates with a 'store & forward' method that
supports a 1K MAC address table. The UTP side may be 10 or 100 speed and in full or half duplex, while the fiber
side runs in 100Base, full duplex.
In 'converter mode', the MC operates with low latency. The transmission does not wait until the entire frame is
received, but instead it forwards the received data immediately. Both transceivers (UTP and Fiber) in the MC are
interconnected via the OAM (Operation, Administration and Maintenance) engine while the internal switch engine
and data buffer are not used. The MC filters OAM frames and supports 9KB jumbo packet in this mode. Again, the
switch engine is disabled in this mode and the UTP must be 100Base, Full Duplex to match the fiber's 100Base-Full.
41
Appendix A
Link Fault Pass Through (LFP, AKA. Link Loss Forwarding)
This media converter incorporates a Link Forwarding feature which allows indirect sensing of a Fiber or UTP
Link Loss via both the 100 Base-TX UTP and 100Base-FX connections. Whenever the media converter detects a Link
Loss condition on the Receive fiber (Fiber LNK OFF), it disables its UTP transmitter so that a Link Loss condition
will be sensed on the receive UTP port. (See the following figure) The link loss can then be sensed and reported by
a Network Management agent at the host equipment of remote UTP port. This feature is disabled by default.
Broken Fiber, remote receive
fiber
broken
Link fault
sensed locally
MC
UTP disabled
condition forwarded
MC
fiber
local
remote
Remote UTP disconnected
Link fault
sensed locally
UTP
broken
MC
MC
fiber
local
UTP disabled
condition forwarded
remote
Far End Fault (FEF)
The Far End Fault or FEF feature is a built-in part of the OAM.
Remote Rx fiber
Broken
fiber
broken
FEF Led lit
MC
Local Rx fiber
Broken
FX Link Down
MC
Fault condition sent
via OAM to far end
Fault condition sent
via OAM to far end
MC
fiber
fiber
broken
FEF Led lit
MC
local
remote
FEF Led Lit
local
Remote Power
Failure
MC
fiber
local
FX Link Down
remote
MC powered OFF
fiber
Fault condition sent
via dying gasp
42
MC
remote
Appendix A
LED Status Indicators
LED
PWR
Function
State
Status
Power indicator On
Converter has power.
Off
Converter has no power or has been disabled.
Blinking Card is being upgraded.
FEF
Far End Fault
On
Indicates some fault condition from the unit connected on the remote fiber
Off
Normal no fault condition
FX Link
Fiber link
On
The fiber link is ok.
Off
No link or the link is faulty.
Blinking Receiving data on the fiber.
100
mode display
On
UTP side is operating in 100Mbps mode.
Off
UTP side is operating in 10Mbps mode
Full
mode display
On
UTP side full duplex mode (20/200mbps).
Off
UTP side half-duplex mode (10/100mbps).
TX Link
Ethernet link
On
The UTP link is ok.
Off
No link or the link is faulty.
Blinking Receiving data on Ethernet.
The 10/100Base RJ-45 connector is located on the front panel of the line card. One RJ-45 connector is provided
for each interface converter. All connections are designed for auto MDI-X operation, requiring only a straight
connection to any device. A unique feature of the FRM220-10/100i converter is the use of a common PCB card
which may either be used as a standalone converter (FRM220-Ch01 series) or placed in the FRM220-Ch20 rack.
Configuration
From the main menu of the FRM220 NMC console, select the slot number containing the 10/100i line card.
****************************************
*** CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. ***
*** FRM220 NMC
VER. 1.02 ***
****************************************
This Chassis ID:[00] Cascaded:[Yes]
Monitored Chassis ID:[00]
SLOT #02 > FRM220-10/100I
[Local ] [ Ver:1.100-1.000-0.000-0.000 ]
<1>: Port Active:[Enable ]
UTP Link:[Up ] Rx Active:[On ]
<2>:
Negotiation:[Auto ]
<3>:
Speed:
[100 ]
<4>:
Duplex:
[Full]
FX Link:[Up ] Rx Active:[On ] FEF:[Off
] Remote PWR:[OK
]
<5>:
Loop Back Test:[Off
] Status:[----]
<6>: Operation Mode:
[Switch
]
<7>: Ingress Rate Limit(IRL) Mode: [No Limit] [100.0M]
<8>: Egress Rate Limit(ERL) Mode: [No Limit] [100.0M]
<9>: Link Fault Pass Through(LFP): [Disable]
<A>: Auto Laser Shutdown(ALS):
[Disable]
<B>: Send Remote Hardware Reset
<C>: Port Reset
Digital Diagnostic(D/D) Function:[Yes]
<D>: Go to the D/D Functions menu. <N>: Go to the Remote menu.
<ESC>: Go to previous menu. Please select an item.
<1> When the port is disabled, the PHY becomes inactive and all Ethernet traffic will be blocked.
<2> <3> <4> Control the auto-negotiation (n-way) and forced mode Ethernet settings.
<5> Performs an OAM loop back test, non-intrusive to client's transmitted data.
<6> Configures the MC between either switch mode (store & forward) or converter mode (cut-thru).
<7> Sets a rate limit on packets passing from UTP to Fiber in either multiples of 32K or 512K
<8> Sets a rate limit on packets passing from Fiber to UTP in either multiples of 32K or 512K
<9> Enable or disable the LFP function
<A> Enable or disable the Auto Laser Shutdown (ALS) function.
<B> Send hardware reset to remote unit via fiber (must enable reception from the remote side)
<C> Performs a reset on the port.
<D> View the transceiver's digital diagnostics (DD) if available.
<N> Go to manage the remote via OAM.
43
Appendix A
Below is an example of managing the remote MC via OAM.
****************************************
*** CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. ***
*** FRM220 NMC
VER. 1.02 ***
****************************************
This Chassis ID:[00] Cascaded:[Yes]
Monitored Chassis ID:[00]
SLOT #02 > FRM220-10/100I
[Remote] [ Ver:1.100-1.000-0.000-0.000 ]
Port Active:[Enable ]
UTP Link:[Up ] Rx Active:[On ]
<2>:
Negotiation:[Auto ]
<3>:
Speed:
[100 ]
<4>:
Duplex:
[Full]
FX Link:[Up ] Rx Active:[On ] FEF:[Off
] Remote PWR:[OK
]
<5>:
Loop Back Test:[Off
] Status:[----]
<6>: Operation Mode:
[Switch
]
<7>: Ingress Rate Limit(IRL) Mode: [No Limit] [100.0M]
<8>: Egress Rate Limit(ERL) Mode: [No Limit] [100.0M]
<9>: Link Fault Pass Through(LFP): [Disable]
<A>: Auto Laser Shutdown(ALS):
[Disable]
<B>: Accept Remote Hardware Reset: [Disable]
<C>: Port Reset
Digital Diagnostic(D/D) Function:[Yes]
<D>: Go to the D/D Functions menu. <N>: Go to the Local menu.
<ESC>: Go to previous menu. Please select an item.
When managing from the remote, the port cannot be disabled. To do so would put it to sleep forever as it can not be awoken by
any OAM command once the fiber is down. Therefore, no option is provided in the remote.
<2> <3> <4> Control the auto-negotiation (n-way) and forced mode Ethernet settings.
<5> Performs an OAM loop back test, non-intrusive to client's transmitted data.
<6> Configures the MC between either switch mode (store & forward) or converter mode (cut-thru).
<7> Sets a rate limit on packets passing from UTP to Fiber in either multiples of 32K or 512K
<8> Sets a rate limit on packets passing from Fiber to UTP in either multiples of 32K or 512K
<9> Enable or disable the LFP function
<A> Enable or disable the Auto Laser Shutdown (ALS) function.
<B> Enables reception of remote reset code from the local side.
<C> Performs a reset on the port.
<D> View the transceiver's digital diagnostics (DD) if available.
<N> Go to manage the local (in chassis) MC.
44
Appendix A
A.2 FRM220-1000A In-band (802.3ah) Managed Fiber Gigabit Media Converter (to be announced)
The FRM220-1000A is an IEEE802.3ah in-band managed optical fiber media converter for 10/100/1000Base
Ethernet to gigabit fiber that also provides NMS functions for Link-Loss-Forwarding, Remote-Monitoring-Status,
and Loop-Back-Test. These optional features are especially useful when the standalone units are linked to the
FRM220 with SNMP management. When auto-negotiation is selected, these units will automatically tailor
themselves to convert 10, 100, 1000 full or half duplex, depending on your specific network needs. A unique
feature of the FRM-1000A converter is the use of a common PCB card which may either be used as a standalone
converter (FRM220-CH01) or placed in the FRM220 rack.
Features and Specifications
Ports one 10/100/1000Base-TX port
one 1000Base-SX/LX port, SFP with LC
* Store and Forward Switching Mechanism
* Auto-Cross over for MDI/MDIX in TP port
* Auto-Negotiation in TP port
* Supports Auto / Force Mode in FX port
* Supports 4K MAC addresses
* Supports 256K Byte Packet Buffer
* Maximum Packet Size: 1632K Byte
* 6 diagnostic LEDs for Power, TX link/transmit, FX link/transmit, Full/Half Duplex mode, LLF and speed.
* Supports Link-Loss-Forwarding function
* Supports Loop-Back, remote status, remote in-band configuration
* Complies with IEEE 802.3 10Base-T, IEEE 802.3u 100Base-TX and 100Base-FX, IEEE 802.3z/ab 1000Base-T, IEEE
802.3x full-duplex flow control, 1000Base-SX/LX standards.
* Data Transfer Rate: 2000Mbps/full-duplex
* Emission Compliance: FCC part 15 class A, CE Mark, European standards EN55022:1994/A1:1995 A2:1997 Class A,
EN61000-3-2:1995, EN61000-3-3:1995 and EN50082-1:1997
* Power Consumption : < 5W
* Temperature 0 - 50°C (Operating); 0 - 70°C (Storage)
* Humidity 20-80% non condensing (Operating) 10-90% (Storage)
* Dimensions 122.6mm x 85.6mm x 20mm (LxWxH)
* Weight 340g (11 0z)
The model shown has an
industry standard SFP with
SC. The converter is also
available with a fixed
transceiver.
Fiber port
Status LEDs
UTP port
Configuration switch
45
Appendix A
The FRM-1000 line card is an Ethernet Fiber Media Converter that is compliant with IEE802.3z 1000BASE-TX
or Gigabit Ethernet and 1000Base-SX/LX Gigabit Fiber. One RJ-45 connector is provided for connection to either
MDI-X (To PC) or MDI (To HUB) equipment. Utilizing Auto MDI/MDIX allows all UTP connections to be made
using only a common straight-through UTP cable. A unique feature of the FRM-1000 converter is the use of a
common PCB card which may either be used as a standalone converter (FMC series) or placed in the FRM220 rack.
This converter may force full or half duplex mode on the fiber port.
RJ-45 Pin
568-A type
568-B type
5
Pair1-Tip
Pair1-Tip
4
Pair1-Ring
Pair1-Ring
3
Pair2-Tip
Pair3-Tip
6
Pair2-Ring
Pair3-Ring
1
Pair3-Tip
Pair2-Tip
2
Pair3-RingPair2-Ring
7
Pair4-Tip
Pair4-Tip
8
Pair4-Ring
Pair4-Ring
1000BASE-TX UTP Cable Requirement
Cable type: 1000Base-TX; 4 pair , Cat. 5 or 6, EIA/TIA-568, STP/UTP
Maximum cable distance: 100 meters (328 feet)
46
Appendix A
A.3 FRM220-FXO/FXS In-band Managed POTS/PSTN Fiber Converter
47
Appendix A
48
Appendix A
A.4 FRM220-Serial In-band Managed Datacom Fiber Media Converter (to be announced)
The FRM-Serial is a serial fiber media converter that supports RS-232, RS-485 and RS-423 conversion to fiber
media. Other features include the ability to remove interface termination (go high-impedance), run in TTL interface
mode, and the ability to supply external +5VDC to the auxiliary equipment.
The FRM-Serial uses a 6 pin, in-line, terminal block with removable header. Wires may be easily terminated at
the header's screw posts without soldering. The front panel has a 4 position DIP switch for setting the interface
type and termination. When the FRM-Serial is placed in the FRM220 with SNMP, the settings are controlled by the
chassis management system and any DIP settings are ignored. Additionally, when placed in the managed rack, the
remotely linked FIB1-Serial unit is also controlled and configured through the in-band management system.
Fiber Media Connection (SC Type
Status LEDs
Data port connection
Configuration DIP switch
Figure A-? FRM-Serial Media Converter Card
The configuration DIP switch, located on the face of the converter, provides setting for interface selection.
When placed in a managed rack, the DIP settings are ignored and the unit must be configured via the local control
console, GUI application or via SNMP set/get commands.
The 6 pin interface connector has pin assignments displayed in the table below. Pin 1 provides a +5V
connection that may be used for logic or to power a small interface converter. Pin 6 provides a common for all the
signals. DIP Switch 4 when ON provides normal interface termination. When off, the circuit presents a high
impedance to other connected equipment.
Pin assignment and DIP setting for FIB1-Serial
DIP SW
I/F
Type
1
2
3
485-2W ON OFF OFF
485-4W OFF OFF OFF
232-3W ON ON OFF
232-5W OFF ON OFF
423-3W ON OFF ON
423-5W OFF OFF ON
TTLOFF ON ON
3W
Legend: NC=No Connection, FI=Flow Control In, FO=Flow Control Out, DI=Data IN, DO=Data Out
2
NC
DO+
NC
FI
NC
FI
NC
Pin Definition
3
4
NC
+
DO- DI+
DO NC
DO FO
DO NC
DO FO
DO NC
5
DIDI
DI
DI
DI
DI
49
Appendix A
The FRM-Serial is designed to provide two clear channels in each direction. In an RS-232 5-wire application,
one channel is used for data transmission while the other may be used as a handshaking line for flow control. The
connected system functionally works like that in the diagram below.
Data output
Flow control output
Data input
Flow control input
Data output
Flow control output
Data input
Flow control input
Fiber
Figure A-? FRM-Serial's logical signal flow
The FRM-SERIAL is a fiber converter solution to extend RS-485 transmission distance up to 2Km over
multimode fiber or up to 120Km over single mode fiber. The converter is equipped with multiple interface circuits,
for connection to RS-232, RS-423, or RS-485/422 (2 or 4 wire).
The FRM-SERIAL secures data transmission over EMI immune fiber at speeds up to 256kbps for RS-232 or up
to 1024kbps for RS-422/485. All media converters are available with connectors for SC, ST or FC. In single mode,
WDM (Wave Division Multiplexing with SC connector) is also available in 20 or 40KM reach which will provide
the ability to transmit and receive data using only a single optical fiber. A unique feature of the FRM-Serial
converter is the use of a common PCB card which may either be used as a standalone converter (FMC series) or
placed in the FRM220 rack.
Data Formats :
RS-485/422 2-Wire
RS-485/422 4-Wire
RS-232 + RTS/CTS 5-Wire
RS-232 3-Wire
RS-423 + RTS/CTS 5Wire
RS-423 3-Wire
TTL 3-Wire
Maximum Baud Rate:
RS-485 1024 kbps
RS-232 256 kbps
RS-423 256 kbps
TTL 1024 kbps
Bit Error Rate :
<10-11
4 diagnostic LEDs : Power, Data, Test & Fiber linking status
Temperature:
0 - 50o C (Operating); 0 - 70o C (Storage)
Humidity:
Up to 90% non-condensing
Consumption <5W
Dimensions:
138mm x 86mm x 20mm (LxWxH).
Weight:
300g.
Emission Compliance:
FCC part 15 class A, CE EN55022, EN60950.
Optical:
ST/SC/FC type
Data:
6-Pole 'Molex type' with detachable screw terminal
50
Appendix A
Serial Line Card Detail
The following is the display screen for the Serial fiber converter.
Slot #05 SERIAL
Select Menu:
Select Menu:
1: Local Setting
2: Remote Setting
Command Function Key:
'1' to '2': Select Menu
'ESC': Main Menu
The Serial card supports remote management features; Select 1 or 2.
Slot #05 SERIAL
Card Status:
Data In Status >> Mark
Fiber
>> Link Up
Test LED
>> Off
<<
<<
<<
H/W Version: 1.0
F/W Version: 1.0
Card Parameter Setup Menu:
0:
1:
2:
3:
4:
5:
6:
Channel Enable/Disable >> Enable
Far End Fault Setting
>> Disable
Port Reset
>> Disable
Mode Setting
>> RS-232 3 Wire
SERIAL Termination
>> Disable
Fiber Loop-Back test
>> Off
Reset Channel Setting to Default
<<
<<
<<
<<
<<
<<
Command Function Key:
'0' to '4': Toggle I/O Card Settings
'5' to '6': I/O Card Commands
'R': Refresh Status
'ESC': Previous Menu
The following are descriptions of the function keys available and the actions which they perform.
0: This key toggles the channel enable/disable and can be used to halt transmission on this line card to the
remote cpe side.
1: This key toggles the FEF setting enabled or not.
2: This key toggles the Port Reset.
3: This key toggles between the different mode settings for RS-232,485, and 423.
4: This key toggles the setting of termination for the serial interface lines.
5: This key initiates the fiber remote loop back test.*
6: This key will reset the card settings to factory default.
R: This key will refresh the screen display.
ESC: This key will leave the card setting menu.
* During loop back tests, normal traffic is interrupted.
51
Appendix A
A.5 FRM220-E1/T1 In-band Managed G.703 Fiber Media Converter (to be announced)
The FRM-E1 and FRM-T1 are high-performance G.703 E1 or T1 (DS1) over fiber media converters. These
converters fully support transparent transmissions of 2.048Mbps (or 1.544Mbps for T1) and completely handle
clocking in point-to-point or network applications. Additionally, the converters may be linked to FRM-DATA
converters in unframed E1 (T1) at fixed data rate of 2048Kbps (1544Kbps for T1).
There are three models of FRM-E1 and FRM-T1 media converters, E1-BNC, E1-RJ-45, and T1-RJ-45. The E1BNC model supports coaxial connections with BNC connectors at 75 ohm impedance, while the E1-RJ-45 model
accepts twisted pair wiring at 120 ohm impedance on a shielded RJ-45 connector wired to industry standard USOC
RJ-48C. The T1 model sports an RJ-48C for twisted pair wiring at 100 ohms impedance.
There is one 4 position DIP switch located on the face of the FRM-E1 and FRM-T1 to configure the units when
used standalone. When the FRM-E1 and FRM-T1 are placed in the FRM220 with SNMP, the settings are controlled
by the chassis management system and any DIP settings are ignored. Additionally, when placed in the managed
rack, the remotely linked FRM-E1 and FRM-T1 units are also controlled and configured through the in-band
management system.
Fiber Media
(SC shown)
Status LEDs
G.703 Port
Configuration
DIP switch
The FRM-E1 is a fiber media transport for G.703 E1 transmission. The BNC model provides unbalanced 75
Ohm coaxial connections while the RJ-45 model provides balanced 120 Ohm connections over twisted pair wiring.
The FRM-T1 is a fiber media transport for G.703 T1 transmission and features an RJ-45 connector for connection to
100 Ohm twisted pair wiring. All media converters are available with either multi-mode or single-mode optical
transceivers and with connectors for SC, ST, or FC. In single mode, WDM (Wave Division Multiplexing with SC
connector) is also available in 20 or 40KM reach which will provide the ability to transmit and receive data using
only a single optical fiber. A unique feature of the FRM-E1 and FRM-T1 converters is the use of a common PCB
card which may either be used as a standalone converter (FMC series) or placed in the FRM220 rack.
E1 Technical Specifications
Ports
1 port
Standards
ITU-T G.703, G.704, G.706, G.732, G.823
Framing
Unframed (transparent clear channel)
Data rate
2.048 Mbps
Line Code
HDB3/AMI
Receive Level Long haul - 43dB
Line impedance 75 ohms for FIB2-E1B 120 ohms for FIB2-E1R
Connector
BNC for 75 ohms RJ-45 for 120 ohms
T1 Technical Specifications
Ports
1 port
Standards
ITU-T G.703, G.704, AT&T TR-62411, ANSI T1.403
Framing
Unframed (transparent clear channel)
Data rate
1.544 Mbps
Line Code
B8ZS/AMI
Receive Level Long haul - 36dB
Line impedance 100 ohms for FIB2-T1R
Connector
RJ-45 for 100 ohms
Technical Specifications
Power consumption <4W
EMI
FCC Class A, CE (EN55022), (EN60950)
Dimensions: 122.6 x 85.6 x 20 mm (H x W x D)
Weight
11 Oz (340g)
Temperature 0 - 50oC (Operating) ; 0 - 70oC (Storage)
Humidity
20 - 80 % non-condensing (Operating) 10 - 90 % (Storage)
52
Appendix A
The FRM-E1 and FRM-T1 fiber media converters' transmissions are transparent to clock and data. They are
designed to be placed in an existing E1 or T1 application as an extension over fiber. When connected by fiber pair,
the received analog signal of each device is used to generate the transmitted optical signal. Because of their
transparent nature, they can be applied where the transmissions are unframed or fractional without regard and
with minimal configuration (only need to configure the proper line code).
RX
TX
TX
RX
Remote
Local Side
Figure A-? Transparent operation of FRM-E1 and FRM-T1
The FRM-E1/T1 media converter incorporates a Far End Fault feature which allows the converters on both
ends of a pair of fibers to be informed when there is a problem with one of the fibers. Without Far End Fault, it is
impossible for a fiber interface to detect a problem that affects only its Transmit fiber. When Far End Fault is
supported and enabled, a loss of receive signal (link) will cause the transmitter to generate a Far End Fault pattern
in order to inform the device at the far end of the fiber pair that a fault has occurred. When the local receiver again
detects a signal, the local transmitter automatically returns to normal operation. The design of the FRM-E1/T1
utilizes the FEF to generate AIS to the connected CSU equipment, so that alarms are transmitted in the traditional
fashion when there is a fiber fault.
FEF received
E1 CSU
AIS
AIS
E1 CSU
FEF generated
Fiber
fault
Figure A-? Far End Fault feature of FRM-E1 and FRM-T1
The FRM-E1 and FRM-T1 media converters incorporate Loop back testing features that may be used with BER
(Bit Error Rate) test equipment. Loop back is enabled by the DIP switch#3&4 on the front panel. When installed in
a manageable rack, loop back testing is enabled via the console menu, Telnet menu, SNMP get/set commands, or
from a web browser.
LLB
Local
loopback
Local Side
Remote
Local Side
Remote
Local Side
Remote
RLB
Remote
loopback
RRLB
Request
Remote
loopback
Figure A-? FRM-E1 and FRM-T1 loop back functions
53
Appendix A
DIP
Setting
Function
Description
OFF
HDB3 (BZ8S)
1
Line Code
ON
AMI
OFF
Disable
2
FEF
ON
Enable
3
4
Loop Back Selection
3
OFF OFF Normal
&
ON OFF LLB - Local Loop Back
4
OFF ON RLB - Remote Loop Back
ON ON RRLB - Request Remote LB
Table A-? DIP setting table for FRM-E1 and FRM-T1
The FRM-E1 and FRM-T1 may also be applied in a transparent DSU/CSU configuration, ie. paired with an
FRM-DATA converter. Below are some typical clocking applications when paired in this configuration.
FRM-E1/T1
FRM-DATA
RX
T
TX
RC
Fiber
E1/T1
Datacom
recovery
Figure A-? E1/T1 with Datacom (V.35, X.21, RS-530 etc.) termination
In the above example, the connected E1/T1 equipment provides the clock source for the FRM-E1/T1 converter.
The FRM-DATA recovers the clock from the fiber and acts as a DCE to any connected DTE device (such as a router).
Because this is a transparent application, the data rate must be 2.048Mbps (1.544Mbps for T1), clear channel.
FRM-DATA
FRM-E1/T1
ETC
T
RX
E1/T1
Fiber
Datacom
external
Figure A-? E1/T1 extension from Datacom network
In the example above, a serial datacom network provides clock and data to the connected FRM-DATA. The
data is then transmitted transparently over the fiber and recovered by the FRM-E1/T1, where data is transmitted at
the received data rate. Because this is a transparent application, the data rate must be 2.048Mbps (1.544Mbps for
T1), clear channel.
FRM-E1/T1
FRM-DATA
RX
T
RC
TX
E1/T1
Fiber
Datacom
internal
Figure A-? Another application with FRM-DATA as clock source
54
Appendix A
E1 / T1 Line Card Detail
The following is the display screen for the E1 BNC fiber converter.
Slot #03 E1 BNC
Select Menu:
Select Menu:
1: Local Setting
2: Remote Setting
Command Function Key:
'1' to '2': Select Menu
'ESC': Main Menu
The E1 / T1 card supports remote management features; Select 1 or 2.
Slot #03 E1 BNC
Card Status:
E1
E1 AIS
Fiber
Test LED
>>
>>
>>
>>
Link Up
Off
Link Up
Off
<<
<<
<<
<<
H/W Version: 1.1
F/W Version: 1.1
Card Parameter Setup Menu:
0:
1:
2:
3:
4:
5:
6:
7:
Channel Enable/Disable >> Enable
Far End Fault Setting
>> Disable
AIS Setting
>> Disable
Line Code
>> HDB3
Port Reset
>> Disable
E1/T1 Loop-Back test
>> Off
Fiber Loop-Back test
>> Off
Reset Channel Setting to Default
<<
<<
<<
<<
<<
<<
<<
Command Function Key:
'0' to '4': Toggle I/O Card Settings
'5' to '7': I/O Card Commands
'R': Refresh Status
'ESC': Previous Menu
The following are descriptions of the function keys available and the actions which they perform.
0: This key toggles the channel enable/disable and can be used to halt transmission on this line card to the
remote cpe side.
1: This key toggles the FEF setting enabled or not.
2: This key toggles the AIS; normal condition should disabled.
3: This key toggles between AMI and HDB3 (BZ8S for T1) Line coding.
4: This key toggles the Port Reset.
5: This key initiates the E1 remote loop back test.*
6: This key initiates the Fiber remote loop back test.*
7: This key will reset the card settings to factory default.
R: This key will refresh the screen display.
ESC: This key will leave the card setting menu.
* During loop back tests, normal traffic is interrupted.
55
Appendix A
A.6 FRM220-Data (to be announced)
The FRM-DATA is a high-performance serial over fiber media converter. These converters fully support Nx64
data transmissions up to 2.048Mbps and completely handle flow control and clocking signals in synchronous
applications over fiber media. Additionally, the converters support low speed asynchronous connections as well.
There are five models of FRM-DATA media converters, V.35, RS-232, RS-530, X.21, and RS-449 which are based
upon three basic hardware types, V.35, RS-232, and RS-530. The RS-530 hardware is also the source for the X.21 and
RS-449 models. All models require adapter cables to adapt the unit's HDB26 interface connectors.
There are two 8 position DIP switches located on the side of the FRM-DATA to configure the units when used
standalone. When the FRM-DATA is placed in the FRM220 with SNMP, the settings are controlled by the chassis
management system and any DIP settings are ignored. Additionally, when placed in the managed rack, the
remotely linked FRM-DATA unit is also controlled and configured through the in-band management system.
Fiber
Media
(SC Type
shown)
Configuration
DIP switches
Status
Datacom
(HDB26F)
Figure A-? FRM-DATA Media Converter Card
56
Appendix A
Clocking Modes
There are three clocking schemes for the FRM-DATA converters, shown below.
T
T
RC
RC
Fibe
Int.
Recovery
ETC
T
RC
Fibe
Ext.
Recovery
RC
ETC
ETC
RC
Fibe
Transparent
Transparent
Figure A-? FRM-DATA Clocking Modes
All models of the FRM220-DATA have a physical interface which is DCE. A crossover cable is required when
acting as a DTE device. In the first example, the units act as 'Fiber Modems' with the internal clocking unit acting as
a master time source and the remote or loop unit recovering timing from the fiber side. In this configuration, both
units are acting as DCE.
In the second example, an external clock is received at one unit and the clock is passed to the remote for
recovery via the fiber. In this scheme, the left side unit acts as a DTE and a crossover cable is required. The right
hand unit recovers clock from the fiber and acts as a DCE.
In our last example, transparent clocking is employed; the transmit clock on one side is used as the source for
receive clock on the other. In this scheme the units may act as DCE or DTE depending on the cable used.
57
Appendix A
LED Status LED Detailed Description
LED
PWR
FX Link
Test
TD
RD
RTS
CTS
DCD
Function
State
Power indicator On
Off
Blinking
Fiber link
On
Off
Blinking
Mode display
On
Off
Mode display
On
Off
Blinking
Mode display
On
Off
Blinking
Mode display
On
Off
Mode display
On
Off
Mode display
On
Off
Status
Converter has power
Converter has no power
No SNMP is installed in FRM220
The fiber link is up
No signal or fiber link is down
Remote side fiber Sync loss
Any loop back test is on
Normal status
"Data Signal" is in "High" state
"Data Signal" is in "Low" state
Normal Data transmitting status
"Data Signal" is in "High" state
"Data Signal" is in "Low" state
Normal Data transmitting status
"Data Signal" is in "High" state
"Data Signal" is in "Low" state
"Data Signal" is in "High" state
"Data Signal" is in "Low" state
"Data Signal" is in "High" state
"Data Signal" is in "Low" state
58
Appendix A
Loop Back Features of the FRM220-DATA
The FRM220-DATA features local and remote loop back functions for both the data port and the fiber
connections. When management features are installed in the rack, loop back may be performed from local console,
network connected management workstation or from any workstation running a web browser.
LLB
Local
loopback
Local Side
Remote Side
Local Side
Remote Side
Local Side
Remote Side
RLB
Remote
loopback
RRLB
Request
Remote
loopback
Figure 2-14 FRM-DATA Data Port loop back diagnostic modes
LLB
Local
loopback
Local Side
Remote Side
Local Side
Remote Side
Local Side
Remote Side
RLB
Remote
loopback
RRLB
Request
Remote
loopback
Figure A-? FRM-DATA Optical loop back diagnostic modes
59
Appendix A
DIP Switch Settings of the FRM-DATA (DIP SW 1)
DIP SW1
1,2
STATE
1
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
3
4,5,6,7,8
2
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
4
5
3
OFF
ON
6
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
ON
ON
7
8
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
Function Description
Timing mode select:
Transparent
Recovery
Data port
Internal oscillator
Data Rate group setting
N x 64K
Low speed
Data Rate setting
N x 64K
64K
128K
192K
256K
320K
384K
448K
512K
576K
640K
704K
768K
832K
896K
960K
1024K
1088K
1152K
1216K
1280K
1344K
1408K
1472K
1536K
1600K
1664K
1728K
1792K
1856K
1920K
1984K
2048K
Low speed
75
112.5
150
225
300
450
600
900
1200
1800
2400
3600
4800
7200
9600
11400
19200
28800
38400
57600
76800
115200
ASYNC MODE
Table 2-1 FRM-DATA, DIP switch 1 setting
60
Appendix A
DIP Switch Settings of the FIB1-DATA (DIP SW 2)
DIP Switch Number 2 Table
Function Description
Data port RC polarity setting:
Normal
Inverted
Data port TC polarity setting:
Normal
Inverted
Data port ETC polarity setting:
Normal
Inverted
Data port RTS setting:
Follow CTS
Always ON
Far End Fault (FEF) Setting
Disabled
Enabled
Loop Back Selection
Fiber Loop Back
Data Port Loop Back
8
Loop back test setting
OFF
All loop back off
OFF
Local Loop Back (LLB)
ON
Remote Loop Back (RLB)
ON
Request Remote Loop Back (RRLB)
Switch and State
1
OFF
0N
2
OFF
0N
3
OFF
0N
4
OFF
0N
5
OFF
ON
6
OFF
ON
7
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
Table 2-2 FIB1-DATA DIP switch 2 setting
61
Appendix A
When the FRM-DATA is ordered with a V.35 interface, the unit comes with a HDB26 male to MB34 Female
adapter cable, 1 meter long. The pin assignment follows the table below.
Abbreviation
FG
HDB26
PIN#
1
MB34
V.35
PIN#
Circuit
A
Frame
↔
SG
7
↔
B
Signal Ground
TD(A)
TD(B)
RD(A)
RD(B)
RTS(A)
2
11
3
21
4
↔
↔
↔
↔
↔
P
S
R
T
C
TD(A)
TD(B)
RD(A)
RD(B)
RTS
CTS(A)
5
↔
D
CTS
DSR(A)
6
↔
E
DSR
DTR(A)
20
↔
H
DTR
DCD(A)
8
↔
F
DCD
ETC(A)
ETC(B)
TC(A)
TC(B)
RC(A)
RC(B)
RLB
24
16
15
23
17
25
9
↔
↔
↔
↔
↔
↔
↔
U
W
Y
AA
V
X
HH
ETC(A)
ETC(B)
TC(A)
TC(B)
RC(A)
RC(B)
RL
LLB
18
↔
JJ
LL
TM
10
↔
KK
TM
Table 2-3 FRM-DATA V.35 cable
62
Appendix A
When the FRM-DATA is ordered with a RS-530 interface, the unit comes with a HDB26 male to DB25 Female
adapter cable, 1 meter long. The pin assignment follows the table below.
Abbreviation
FG
HDB26
PIN#
1
DB25
RS-530
PIN#
Circuit
1
Frame
↔
SG
7
↔
7
AB
TD(A)
TD(B)
RD(A)
RD(B)
RTS(A)
RTS(B)
CTS(A)
CTS(B)
DSR(A)
DSR(B)
DTR(A)
DTR(B)
DCD(A)
DCD(B)
ETC(A)
ETC(B)
TC(A)
TC(B)
RC(A)
RC(B)
RLB
2
11
3
21
4
13
5
14
6
22
20
12
8
26
24
16
15
23
17
25
9
↔
↔
↔
↔
↔
↔
↔
↔
↔
↔
↔
↔
↔
↔
↔
↔
↔
↔
↔
↔
↔
2
14
3
16
4
19
5
13
6
22
20
23
8
10
24
11
15
12
17
9
21
BA(A)
BA(B)
BB(A)
BB(B)
CA(A)
CA(B)
CB(A)
CB(B)
CC(A)
CC(B)
CD(A)
CD(B)
CF(A)
CF(B)
DA(A)
DA(B)
DB(A)
DB(B)
DD(A)
DD(B)
RL
LLB
18
↔
18
LL
TM
10
↔
25
TM
Table 2-4 FRM-DATA RS-530 cable
63
Appendix A
When the FRM-DATA is ordered with a RS-449 interface, the unit comes with a HDB26 male to DB37 Female
adapter cable, 1 meter long. The pin assignment follows the table below.
Abbreviation
FG
HDB26
PIN#
1
DB37
PIN#
1
RS-449
Circuit
Frame
↔
SG
7
↔
TD(A)
TD(B)
RD(A)
RD(B)
RTS(A)
RTS(B)
CTS(A)
CTS(B)
DSR(A)
DSR(B)
DTR(A)
DTR(B)
DCD(A)
DCD(B)
ETC(A)
ETC(B)
TC(A)
TC(B)
RC(A)
RC(B)
RLB
2
11
3
21
4
13
5
14
6
22
20
12
8
26
24
16
15
23
17
25
9
↔
↔
↔
↔
↔
↔
↔
↔
↔
↔
↔
↔
↔
↔
↔
↔
↔
↔
↔
↔
↔
4
22
6
24
7
25
9
27
11
29
12
30
13
31
17
35
5
23
8
26
14
SD(A)
SD(B)
RD(A)
RD(B)
RS(A)
RS(B)
CS(A)
CS(B)
DM(A)
DM(B)
TR(A)
TR(B)
RR(A)
RR(B)
TT(A)
TT(B)
ST(A)
ST(B)
RT(A)
RT(B)
RL
LLB
18
↔
10
LL
TM
10
↔
18
TM
19,20,37 SG,RC,SC
Table 2-5 FRM-DATA RS-449 cable
64
Appendix A
When the FRM-DATA is ordered with a X.21 interface, the unit comes with a HDB26 male to DB15 Female
adapter cable, 1 meter long. The pin assignment follows the table below.
Abbreviation
FG
SG
TD(A)
TD(B)
RD(A)
RD(B)
RTS(A)
RTS(B)
DCD(A)
DCD(B)
ETC(A)
ETC(B)
RC(A)
RC(B)
HDB26
DB15
X.21
PIN#
PIN#
Circuit
1
1
Shield
↔
7
8
Ground
↔
2
2
Transmit(A)
↔
11
9
Transmit(B)
↔
3
4
Receive(A)
↔
21
11
Receive(B)
↔
4
3
Control(A)
↔
13
10
Control(B)
8
5
Indication(A)
↔
26
12
Indication(B)
24
7
Ext. Timing(A)
↔
16
14
Ext. Timing(B)
↔
17
6
Signal Timing(A)
↔
25
13
Signal Timing(B)
↔
Table 2-6 FRM-DATA X.21 cable
When the FRM-DATA is ordered with a RS-232 interface, the unit comes with a HDB26 male to DB25 Female
adapter cable, 1 meter long. The pin assignment follows the table below.
DB25
RS-232
HDB26
PIN#
PIN#
Circuit
1
1
Frame
↔
7
7
SG
↔
2
2
TD
3
3
RD
4
RTS
5
5
CTS
6
6
DSR
20
20
DTR
↔
8
8
DCD
24
24
ETC
15
15
TC
17
17
RC
Table 2-7 FRM-DATA RS-232 cable
Abbreviation
FG
SG
TD
RD
RTS
CTS
DSR
DTR
DCD
ETC
TC
RC
The FRM-DATA is a media converter for V.35, RS-232, RS-530, X.21 or RS-449 high-speed synchronous or lowspeed synchronous and asynchronous data transmission over optical fiber media. All media converters are
available with either multi-mode or single-mode optical transceiver and with connectors for SC, ST, or FC. In single
mode, WDM (Wave Division Multiplexing with SC connector) is also available in 20 or 40KM reach, which will
provide the ability to transmit and receive data using only a single optical fiber. A unique feature of the FRM-Data
converter is the use of a common PCB card which may either be used as a standalone converter (FMC series) or
placed in the FRM220 rack.
Technical Specifications
Ports
1 port V.35/RS232/RS530/X.21/RS449
Connector
HDB26F (adapter cable to DB15, 25, 37 or MB34)
Line Code
NRZ
Data rate
n x 64Kbps where n=1 to 32 (64 ~ 2048Kbps),
Low Speed Synchronous & Asynchronous
75 ~ 115.2k baud rate
Clock modes Transparent, Recovery, External, Internal
RC, TC, ETC normal or inverted
Control Signals CTS constantly ON or follows RTS
65
Appendix A
DSR constantly ON, except during tests
DCD constantly ON, except during signal loss
Test Loops
LLB (Local Loop Back)
RLB (Remote Loop Back)
ITU-T V.54
Optical Specifications
Connector Type ST,SC,FC,LC,MT-RJ or WDM(single fiber) connectors.
Optical mode Multi-mode or Single-mode
Wave length 1310nm,1550nm
Power Margin 11dB(2Km,M/M) ,12dB~ 35 dB(15 ~ 120Km,S/M)
Data rate 40.32Mbps
Line coding
Scrambled NRZ
Bit Error Rate Less than 10-11
Environmental
Power consumption <4W
EMI
FCC Class A, CE (EN55022), (EN60950)
Dimensions: 122.6 x 85.6 x 20 mm (H x W x D)
Weight
11 Oz (340g)
Temperature 0 - 50oC (Operating)
0 - 70oC (Storage)
Humidity
20 - 80 % non-condensing (Operating)
10 - 90 % (Storage)
Data Line Card Detail
The following is the display screen for the Serial fiber converter.
Slot #07 V.35
Select Menu:
Select Menu:
1: Local Setting
2: Remote Setting
Command Function Key:
'1' to '2': Select Menu
'ESC': Main Menu
The Data card supports remote management features; Select 1 or 2.
Slot #07 V.35
TD
RD
>> Flash
>> Flash
Fiber >> Link Up
Card Status:
<< | CTS
<< | RTS
| DCD
<< | Test LED
page:1/2
>>
>>
>>
>>
Space
Space
Space
Off
<< H/W Ver: 1.0
<< F/W Ver: 1.1
<<
<<
Card Parameter Setup Menu:
0:
1:
2:
3:
4:
5:
6:
Channel Enable/Disable
Far End Fault Setting
Port Reset
Data Rate group Setting
Timing mode select
Data Rate Setting
Reset Channel Setting to
>> Enable
>> Disable
>> Disable
>> N*64K
>> Recovery
>> 1984K
Default
<<
<<
<<
<<
<<
<<
Command Function Key:
'0' to '5': Toggle I/O Card Settings
'6': I/O Card Commands
'R': Refresh Status
'N': Next Page
'ESC': Previous Menu
The following are descriptions of the function keys available and the actions which they perform.
0: This key toggles the channel enable/disable and can be used to halt transmission on this line card to the
remote cpe side.
1: This key toggles the FEF setting enabled or not.
2: This key toggles the Port Reset.
3: This key toggles the rate group setting between Nx64 or low speed.
4: This key toggles the timing mode between internal, external or recovery.
5: This key calls up the rate menu, where data rate is selected.
66
Appendix A
6: This key will reset the card settings to factory default.
R: This key will refresh the screen display.
N: This key selects the second configuration page.
ESC: This key will leave the card setting menu.
67
Appendix A
Data Line Card Detail (second page)
**************************************************************
*** CTC UNION TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD V4.06 -17[Oct. 28th] ***
*** FRM-220 Fiber Optical Media Converter Rack Management ***
**************************************************************
Slot #07 V.35
TD
RD
>> Flash
>> Flash
Fiber >> Link Up
Card Status:
<< | CTS
<< | RTS
| DCD
<< | Test LED
page:2/2
>>
>>
>>
>>
Space
Space
Space
Off
<< H/W Ver: 1.0
<< F/W Ver: 1.1
<<
<<
Card Parameter Setup Menu:
0:
1:
2:
3:
4:
5:
6:
CTS Setting
RC Polarity Setting
TC Polarity Setting
ETC Polarity Setting
Data Port Loop-Back test
Fiber Loop-Back test
Reset Channel Setting to
>> Follow RTS
>> Normal
>> Normal
>> Normal
>> Off
>> Off
Default
<<
<<
<<
<<
<<
<<
Command Function Key:
'0' to '3': Toggle I/O Card Settings
'4' to '6': I/O Card Commands
'R': Refresh Status
'P': Previous Page
'ESC': Previous Menu
The following are descriptions of the function keys available and the actions which they perform.
0: This key toggles the CTS setting between follows RTS or always ON.
1: This key toggles the Receive Clock polarity between normal or inverted.
2: This key toggles the Transmit Clock polarity between normal or inverted.
3: This key toggles the External Clock polarity between normal or inverted.
4: This key toggles the Data port loop back test On or Off.*
5: This key toggles the Fiber loop back test On or Off.*
6: This key will reset the card settings to factory default.
R: This key will refresh the screen display.
P: This key selects the previous configuration page.
ESC: This key will leave the card setting menu.
* During loop back tests, normal traffic is interrupted.
68
Appendix A
A.7 FRM220-10/100A In-band Managed (IEEE802.3ah) Fiber Ethernet Media Converter
(to be announced)
69
Appendix A
70
Fiber Series
CTC Union Technologies Co., Ltd.
Far Eastern Vienna Technologies Center
(Neihu Technology Park)
8F, No. 60, Zhouzi St., Neihu, Taipei, Taiwan
Phone:(886) 2.2659.1021 Fax:(886) 2.2.799.1355
E-mail: [email protected]
http://www.ctcu.com
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