FreeZone® Stoppering Tray Dryers

FreeZone® Stoppering Tray Dryers
User’s Manual
FreeZone® Stoppering Tray Dryers
Models
7948020
7948030
7948040
Labconco’s Mascot,
Labby the LABster
For more information, please contact us:
ExpotechUSA
10700 Rockley Road
Houston, Texas 77099
USA
281-496-0900 [voice]
281-496-0400 [fax]
E-mail: [email protected]
Website: www.ExpotechUSA.com
FreeZone® is a registered trademark of Labconco Corporation.
Warranty
Labconco provides a warranty on all parts and factory workmanship. The warranty includes areas of
defective material and workmanship, provided such defect results from normal and proper use of the
equipment.
The warranty for all Labconco products will expire one year from date of installation or two years from
date of shipment from Labconco, whichever is sooner, except the following:
•
•
•
•
Purifier® Delta® Series Biological Safety Cabinets and PuriCare® Lab Animal Products carry a
three-year warranty from date of installation or four years from date of shipment from Labconco,
whichever is sooner.
Steamscrubber & FlaskScrubber Glassware Washers carry a two year warranty from date of
installation or three years from date of shipment from Labconco, whichever is sooner.
Carts carry a lifetime warranty.
Glassware is not warranted from breakage when dropped or mishandled.
This limited warranty covers parts and labor, but not transportation and insurance charges. In the event of a
warranty claim, contact Labconco Corporation or the dealer who sold you the product. If the cause is
determined to be a manufacturing fault, the dealer or Labconco Corporation will repair or replace all
defective parts to restore the unit to operation. Under no circumstances shall Labconco Corporation be
liable for indirect, consequential, or special damages of any kind. This statement may be altered by a
specific published amendment. No individual has authorization to alter the provisions of this warranty
policy or its amendments. Lamps and filters are not covered by this warranty. Damage due to corrosion or
accidental breakage is also not covered.
Limitation of Liability
The disposal and/or emission of substances used in connection with this equipment may be governed by
various federal, state, or local regulations. All users of this equipment are required to become familiar with
any regulations that apply in the user’s area concerning the dumping of waste materials in or upon water,
land, or air and to comply with such regulations. Labconco Corporation is held harmless with respect to
user’s compliance with such regulations.
.
Document #7353900 Rev A
ECO C639
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
Freeze Dry Process
Freeze Dry Rates
Freeze Dry Capacity
Samples Containing Volatile Substances
About This Manual
Typographical Conventions
1
1
2
3
4
4
6
CHAPTER 2: PREREQUISITES
Electrical Requirements
Location Requirements
Vacuum Pump Requirements
7
7
8
8
CHAPTER 3: GETTING STARTED
Unpacking Your Stoppering Tray Dryer
Stoppering Tray Dryer Components
Setting Up Your Stoppering Tray Dryer
Installing the Tray Dryer on the Freeze Dry System
Venting the Vacuum Pump
Electrical Connection
Chemical Resistance of Freeze Dryer Components
Solvent Safety Precautions
9
9
10
11
11
12
12
13
15
CHAPTER 4: USING YOUR STOPPERING TRAY DRYER
Stoppering Tray Dryer Controls
Operation Checklist
Operating the Stoppering Tray Dryer
Set-Up
Manual Control Operation
Automatic Control Operation
Automatic Start-Up of Freeze Dryer Vacuum
Programming
Starting the Freeze Dry Cycle
Changing the Program Parameters in the Middle of a Run
Stopping the Freeze Dry Cycle
Monitoring the system Operation
Shelf Spacing Adjustment
16
17
19
19
19
20
22
23
23
24
25
26
26
27
Shelf Loading
Sample Freezing
Freeze Drying
Stoppering
Vacuum Break/Backfilling
Alarms
System Temperature Variations
Vacuum
System Temperature Set Point
Power Failure
Temperature Probe
28
28
28
29
29
30
30
30
30
30
30
CHAPTER 5: MAINTAINING YOUR STOPPERING TRAY
DRYER
32
CHAPTER 6: USING THE RS232 RECEPTACLE
Computer Connection for Computer Interface
34
34
CHAPTER 7: TROUBLESHOOTING
Vacuum Pump
Gaskets, Tubing, Connections, Sample Valves
System Components & Collection Chamber Isolation
Stoppering Tray Dryer
Refrigeration Module Operation
Access to Mechanical Components
Shelf and Stoppering System Removal
Filling the Fluid System
Heat Transfer Fluid Precautions
Heat Transfer Fluid First Aid Procedures
39
39
40
41
45
45
45
46
47
48
49
CHAPTER 8: MODIFYING YOUR STOPPERING TRAY
DRYER DISPLAY
Modifying the Display
50
50
APPENDIX A: STOPPERING TRAY DRYER COMPONENTS
52
APPENDIX B: STOPPERING TRAY DRYER DIMENSIONS
55
APPENDIX C: STOPPERING TRAY DRYER
SPECIFICATIONS
Electrical Specifications
Environmental Conditions
Wiring Diagram (115V)
Wiring Diagram (230V)
57
57
57
58
59
APPENDIX D: STOPPERING TRAY DRYER ACCESSORIES
60
DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY
62
CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION
Congratulations on your purchase of a Labconco FreeZone®
Stoppering Tray Dryer, which is designed for laboratory
lyophilization procedures. The refrigerant used in the refrigeration
system is CFC-free so it will not endanger the environment. The
unit is easy to install and maintain. Proper care and maintenance
of this product will result in many years of dependable service.
Freeze Dry Process
Freeze drying is an important process in sample preparation and
for the preservation and storage of biologicals, pharmaceuticals
and foods. Of the various methods of dehydration, freeze drying
(lyophilization) is especially suited for substances that are heat
sensitive. Other than food processing (e.g., coffee, whole dinners),
freeze drying has been extensively used in the development of
pharmaceuticals (e.g., antibiotics) and preservation of biologicals
(e.g., proteins, plasma, viruses and cell lines). The nondestructive
nature of this process has been demonstrated by the retention of
viability in freeze dried viruses and microorganisms.
Freeze drying is a process whereby water or other solvent is
removed from frozen material by converting the frozen water
directly into vapor without the intermediate formation of liquid
water. The basis for this sublimation process involves the
absorption of heat by the frozen sample in order to vaporize the
ice; the use of a vacuum pump to enhance the removal of water
vapor from the surface of the sample; the transfer of water vapor to
a collector; and the removal of heat by the collector in order to
condense the water vapor. In essence, the freeze dry process is a
balance between the heat absorbed by the sample to vaporize the
1
Chapter 1: Introduction
ice and the heat removed from the collector to convert the water
vapor into ice.
Freeze Dry Rates
The efficiency of the freeze drying process is dependent upon the
surface area and the thickness of the sample, the collector
temperature and vacuum obtained, the eutectic point and solute
concentration of the sample. It is important to remember these
factors when trying to obtain efficient utilization of your freeze dry
system. A listing of selected materials and their approximate
drying times are shown in Table 1 for your reference.
Table 1
SAFE TEMPERATURE AND DRYING TIMES
FOR SELECTED MATERIALS
Material
Safe
Collector
Hours
10mm Thick
Temperature Temperature (Approx.)
°C
°C
Milk
-5
-40
10
Urea
-7
-40
10
Blood Plasma
-10 to -25
-40
16
Serum
-25
-40
18
Vaccinia
-30 to -40
-50
22
Influenza Vaccine -30
-50
24
Human Tissue
-30 to -40
-50
48
Vegetable Tissue -50
-80
60
*Total sample quantities are contingent on various freeze dryer capacities.
Up to the point of overloading the system, the greater the surface
area of the sample, the faster the rate of freeze drying. By contrast,
for a given surface area, the thicker the sample the slower the rate
of freeze drying. This is based on the fact that the heat of
sublimation is usually absorbed on one side of the frozen sample
and must travel through the frozen layer to vaporize water at the
other surface. In addition, as the sample is freeze dried, the water
vapor must travel through the layer of dried material. The thicker
the sample, the greater the chance that the dried layer may collapse
which would cause an additional decrease in the rate of freeze
drying.
The surface area and thickness of the sample can usually be
ignored when each sample contains only a few milliliters.
However, for larger volumes, the samples should be shell frozen to
maximize the surface area and minimize the thickness of the
2
Chapter 1: Introduction
sample. The volume of the freeze dry flask should be two to three
times the volume of the sample.
In order for lyophilization to occur, ice must be removed from the
frozen sample via sublimation. This is accomplished by the
collector and the vacuum pump. The collector, which should be at
least 15 to 20°C colder than the eutectic temperature (melting
temperature) of the sample, traps vapor as ice. Since the vapor
pressure at the collector is lower than that of the sample, the flow
of water vapor is from the sample to the collector. Since this vapor
diffusion process occurs very slowly under normal atmospheric
conditions, a good vacuum is essential to maintain an efficient rate.
In many applications, the maintenance of a vacuum of 0.133 mBar
or less is recommended.
The rate of freeze drying is directly proportional to the vapor
pressure and the vapor pressure is dependent upon both eutectic
temperature and solute concentration of the sample. For example,
a solution of sodium chloride and water would freeze dry at a
slower rate than pure water. The eutectic temperature of a sodium
chloride solution is about –21°C and at this temperature the vapor
pressure is about 1/16 that of water at 0°C. Although the eutectic
temperature is not dependent upon the concentration of sodium
chloride, the vapor pressure of the water would decrease as the
concentration of sodium chloride increased. This is due to the fact
that as the solute concentration increases, less of the surface area of
the frozen sample is occupied by water. In general, most solutions
or biological samples will have a eutectic temperature of –10° to
–25°C. However, if the sample contains a simple sugar such as
glucose or if the sample is animal or plant tissue, the eutectic
temperature may be as low as –30° to –50°C.
Freeze Dry Capacity
The volume of a sample that can be freeze dried at one time is
related to factors discussed previously and the size and design of
the freeze dry system. With any given instrument, the capacity is
based on the surface area of the sample, the eutectic temperature
and concentration of the sample and the rate and amount of heat
transferred to the frozen sample. Of these factors, the eutectic
temperature is the most important factor in determining the amount
of sample that can be freeze dried at one time, particularly when
flasks are used. This is because as the eutectic temperature
decreases, the vapor pressure decreases but the rate of heat
absorption by the sample does not change. This tends to promote
melting of the sample, which leads to a marked increase in vapor
3
Chapter 1: Introduction
pressure and ultimately overloads the collector and vacuum pump.
Samples that have eutectic temperatures of –20°C or lower should
be placed on the freeze dry system one flask at a time so that the
vacuum in the system may recover before adding another sample
to the system. If the vacuum does not recover, the capacity of the
freeze dry system has been exceeded and the sample should be
removed.
If there is a problem with a particular type of sample melting when
placed on the freeze dry system, dilution of the sample with more
water or providing some insulation around the flask to decrease the
rate of heat absorption by the sample may help. If the eutectic
temperature of the sample is –40 to –60°C, the freeze dry system
selected for use must be equipped with cascade type refrigeration
so that the collector temperature can be cooled to below –75°C, or
a dry ice/solvent trap may be used between the collector and the
vacuum pump.
Samples Containing Volatile
Substances
In certain cases the solvent in a sample to be freeze dried may
contain volatile components such as acetonitrile, methanol, acetic
acid, formic acid or pyridine. In addition to these substances
having an effect on the eutectic temperature, they may increase the
vapor pressure at the surface of the sample. Also, compared to
water, they will require the absorption of less heat for sublimation
to occur. Hence, samples that contain volatile substances will have
a greater tendency to melt, particularly when placed in flasks or
exposed to room temperature. If a sample containing a volatile
substance tends to melt when placed on a freeze dry system,
dilution of the sample with more water will help keep the sample
frozen. For example, a 0.2M solution of acetic acid is much easier
to freeze dry than a 0.5M solution.
About This Manual
This manual is designed to help you learn how to install, use, and
maintain your Stoppering Tray Dryer. Instructions for performing
routine maintenance and making minor modifications to your
Stoppering Tray Dryer are also included.
Chapter 1: Introduction provides a brief overview of the freeze dry
process, explains the organization of the manual, and defines the
typographical conventions used in the manual.
4
Chapter 1: Introduction
Chapter 2: Prerequisites explains what you need to do to prepare
your site before you install your Stoppering Tray Dryer. Electrical
requirements are discussed.
Chapter 3: Getting Started contains the information you need to
properly unpack, inspect and install your Stoppering Tray Dryer.
Chapter 4: Using Your Stoppering Tray Dryer discusses the basic
operation of your Stoppering Tray Dryer. Information on how to
load samples and run the Stoppering Tray Dryer is included.
Chapter 5: Maintaining Your Stoppering Tray Dryer explains how
to perform routine maintenance on your Stoppering Tray Dryer.
Chapter 6: Using the RS-232 Receptacle describes how to connect
a computer for monitoring the operation.
Chapter 7: Troubleshooting contains information about problems
you may encounter while using your Stoppering Tray Dryer,
including the probable causes of the problems, and suggested
corrective actions.
Chapter 8: Modifying Your Stoppering Tray Dryer Display
describes how to calibrate the vacuum display and restore factory
settings.
Appendix A: Stoppering Tray Dryer Components contains labeled
diagrams of the components of the Stoppering Tray Dryer.
Appendix B: Stoppering Tray Dryer Dimensions contains
comprehensive diagrams showing the dimensions for the
Stoppering Tray Dryer.
Appendix C: Stoppering Tray Dryer Specifications contains
product specifications. A wiring diagram for the Stoppering Tray
Dryer is also included.
Appendix D: Stoppering Tray Dryer Accessories lists the part
numbers and descriptions of all of the accessories available for
your Stoppering Tray Dryer.
5
Chapter 1: Introduction
Typographical Conventions
Recognizing the following typographical conventions will help
you understand and use this manual:
•
•
•
!
☞
6
•
•
Book, chapter, and section titles are shown in italic type (e.g.,
Chapter 3: Getting Started).
Steps required to perform a task are presented in a numbered
format.
Comments located in the margins provide suggestions,
reminders, and references.
Critical information is presented in boldface type in paragraphs
that are preceded by the exclamation icon. Failure to comply
with the information following an exclamation icon may result
in injury to the user or permanent damage to your Freeze
Dryer.
Important information is presented in capitalized type in
paragraphs that are preceded by the pointer icon. It is
imperative that the information contained in these paragraphs
be thoroughly read and understood by the user.
CHAPTER 2
PREREQUISITES
Before you install your Stoppering Tray Dryer, you need to
prepare your site for installation. The Stoppering Tray Dryer will
mount on top of a FreeZone 6, 12 or 18 liter Freeze Dry System.
This could be either a benchtop or console model. Carefully
examine the location where you intend to install your Stoppering
Tray Dryer. You must be certain that the area is level and of solid
construction. An electrical source must be located near the
installation site.
Carefully read this chapter to learn:
•
•
the electrical supply requirements.
the vacuum pump requirements.
Refer to Appendix C: Stoppering Tray Dryer Specifications for
complete Stoppering Tray Dryer electrical and environmental
conditions, specifications and requirements.
Refer to the User’s Manual for the FreeZone Freeze Dry System
for complete electrical and environmental conditions,
specifications and requirements.
Electrical Requirements
The Stoppering Tray Dryer requires a dedicated electrical outlet.
This outlet requires a 20 Amp circuit breaker or fuse for models
rated at 115V (60 Hz). An outlet equipped with a 15 Amp circuit
breaker or fuse is required for models rated at 230V (50/60 Hz).
The power cord on 115V models is equipped with a 20 Amp
NEMA 5-20P plug. The power cord on 230V models is equipped
with a NEMA 6-20P plug. If this does not match with the
7
Chapter 2: Prerequisites
available receptacle, remove this plug and replace it with an
approved plug of the suitable style.
Location Requirements
The Freeze Dryer should be located in an area that provides an
unobstructed flow of air around the cabinet. This air cools the
refrigeration system. The refrigeration system draws air in through
the front and exhausts it through the rear. A minimum of 3" must
be allowed between the rear and both sides of the Freeze Dryer and
adjacent wall surfaces. Restriction of airflow during operation
could adversely affect performance.
Refer to Appendix B: Stoppering Tray Dryer Dimensions for
dimensional drawings of the Stoppering Tray Dryer.
Vacuum Pump Requirements
A vacuum pump must be provided by the user. A vacuum pump
with a displacement of 144 liters per minute and 0.0002 mBar
ultimate pressure is adequate for most samples. The inlet fitting on
the vacuum pump must be suitable for 3/4" ID vacuum hose,
which is provided with the FreeZone Freeze Dry System. It is
recommended that the vacuum pump is equipped with an exhaust
filter to minimize oil mist exhausting from the vacuum pump. The
operating vacuum level may be set on the Freeze Dry System. The
higher the pressure is set, the more likely it is that oil mist will be
exhausted.
Vacuum pumps used with 115V models should be equipped with
an 115V, 15 Amp NEMA 5-15P plug. Vacuum pumps used with
230V models should be equipped with a reverse IEC plug. This
plug is included with 230V models. This will allow the vacuum
pump to be plugged into the receptacle on the back panel of the
Freeze Dry System. Refer to the User’s Manual for the FreeZone
Freeze Dry System for vacuum pumps available from Labconco.
8
CHAPTER 3
GETTING STARTED
Now that the site for your Stoppering Tray Dryer is properly
prepared, you are ready to unpack, inspect, install and test your
Stoppering Tray Dryer. Read this chapter to learn how to:
•
•
•
•
unpack and move your Stoppering Tray Dryer.
set up your Stoppering Tray Dryer.
connect the electrical supply source to your Stoppering
Tray Dryer.
safely use solvents with your Stoppering Tray Dryer.
!
The Stoppering Tray Dryer weighs over 400 lbs.
(181 Kg). The carton allows for lifting with a
mechanical lift truck or hand truck. If you must
lift the Stoppering Tray Dryer manually, use at
least four (4) persons and follow safe lifting
guidelines.
Unpacking Your Stoppering Tray
Dryer
Carefully unpack your Stoppering Tray Dryer and inspect it for
damage that may have occurred in transit. If your Stoppering Tray
Dryer is damaged, notify the delivery carrier immediately and
retain the entire shipment intact for inspection by the carrier.
☞
DO NOT RETURN GOODS WITHOUT THE
PRIOR AUTHORIZATION OF LABCONCO.
The United States
Interstate Commerce
Commission rules
require that claims be
filed with the delivery
carrier within fifteen (15)
days of delivery.
9
Chapter 3: Getting Started
UNAUTHORIZED RETURNS WILL NOT BE
ACCEPTED.
☞
IF YOUR STOPPERING TRAY DRYER WAS
DAMAGED IN TRANSIT, YOU MUST FILE A
CLAIM DIRECTLY WITH THE FREIGHT
CARRIER. LABCONCO CORPORATION AND
ITS DEALERS ARE NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR
SHIPPING DAMAGE.
☞
DO NOT DISCARD THE CARTON OR
PACKING MATERIAL FOR YOUR
STOPPERING TRAY DRYER UNTIL YOU
HAVE CHECKED ALL OF THE COMPONENTS
AND INSTALLED AND TESTED THE
STOPPERING TRAY DRYER.
Stoppering Tray Dryer
Components
Locate the model of Stoppering Tray Dryer you received in the
following table. Verify that the components listed are present and
undamaged.
Catalog #
Product Description
7948020
7948030
7948040
Stoppering Tray Dryer – 115V, 60 Hz
Stoppering Tray Dryer – 230V, 50 Hz
Stoppering Tray Dryer – 230V, 60 Hz
Plus the following:
Part #
Qty.
7353900
1336400
1
1
1336600
1880712
1905621
1911416
7353403
1
4
4
8
1
Component Description
User’s Manual
Power Cord – 115V
Or
Power Cord – 230V
Screw ¼-20 x .75
Nut ¼-20
Washer ¼
Cable RS 232
If you did not receive one or more of the components listed for
your Stoppering Tray Dryer, or if any of the components are
damaged, contact Labconco Corporation immediately for further
instructions.
10
Chapter 3: Getting Started
Setting Up Your Stoppering Tray
Dryer
After you verify receipt of the proper components, move your
Stoppering Tray Dryer to the location where you want to install it.
Then, follow the steps listed below.
Installing the Tray Dryer on the Freeze Dry
System
The following tools are required to install the Stoppering Tray
Dryer onto a FreeZone Freeze Dry System base unit: Flat blade
screwdriver or 5/16" socket and a 7/16" wrench or socket.
Remove the four plastic hole plugs from the top of the Freeze Dry
System on which the Stoppering Tray Dryer is to be mounted. If
the Freeze Dry System has a flat gasket around the 3.0 inch
vacuum port, remove it. Make sure the lower clamp provided on
the vacuum coupling opposite the end connected to the Stoppering
Tray Dryer chamber is loose. Secure this clamp with tape or slide
the clamp all the way up on the vacuum coupling and tighten it
slightly to keep it from sliding down and coming off the coupling.
11
Chapter 3: Getting Started
Lift the Stoppering Tray Dryer into place on your Freeze Dry
System while fitting the vacuum coupling over the manifold port.
Align the four mounting holes in the Stoppering Tray Dryer
support stand with the four holes in the top of the Freeze Dry
System.
NOTE: Do not lift the Stoppering Tray Dryer by the
door or disturb it.
Install the four bolts, nuts, and washers provided. Loosen the
clamp and slide it down over the manifold connection port. Orient
the clamp to gain access and tighten the clamp to provide a leakfree connection.
The Stoppering Tray Dryer is now installed and must be tested to
make certain the system is free of leaks. To test, turn on the Freeze
Dry System refrigeration and allow the temperature to reach –40°
or lower. Close the door of the Tray Dryer and make sure the
Stoppering Control is in the “LOWER” position and the Vac
Release control is in the “CLOSED” position. Start the vacuum
pump and monitor the vacuum gauge. The vacuum on the Freeze
Dry System should reach 0.133 mBar within 30 minutes and
should achieve an ultimate vacuum of 0.040 mBar or lower within
18 hours.
If 0.040 mBar cannot be achieved, consult the troubleshooting
section of this manual and of the manual supplied with the Freeze
Dry System.
Venting the Vacuum Pump
!
If any materials will be placed in the Stoppering
Tray Dryer that can liberate hazardous gases
when heated, the vacuum pump exhaust must be
vented to a fume hood or other ventilation
device.
Electrical Connection
Plug the power cord into the receptacle on the back of the
Stoppering Tray Dryer and plug the other end into a suitable power
receptacle.
☞
12
DO NOT ATTEMPT TO PLUG THE
STOPPERING TRAY DRYER INTO THE
FREEZONE FREEZE DRY SYSTEM.
Chapter 3: Getting Started
!
CAUTION: When the appropriate power cord
is plugged into the power receptacle on the rear
panel of the tray dryer, the clamp on the tray
dryer receptacle should be tightened to prevent
the cord from accidentally being switched with
the freeze dryer cord located underneath the
tray dryer. (The freeze dryer may require
different mains A.C. voltage and switching these
power cords may cause damage).
Chemical Resistance of Freeze
Dryer Components
The FreeZone Freeze Dry System and Stoppering Tray Dryer are
designed to be chemically resistant to most compounds that are
commonly used in freeze drying processes. However, by
necessity, the Freeze Dryer is comprised of a number of different
materials, some of which may be attacked and degraded by certain
chemicals. The degree of degradation is dependent on the
concentration and exposure duration. Some of the major
components of the FreeZone Freeze Dry System that are
susceptible to degradation are as follows:
Chamber &
Fittings
Methyl t-Butyl Ether (BTBE)
Pyridine
D
D
C
C
D
D
D
C
D
C
D
D
D
D
C
D
D
D
D
C
Acetone
D
C
Sodium Phosphate
D
Calcium Chloride
D
Trifluoroacetic Acid (TFA)
D
Formic Acid
Dioxane
Silicon
Rubber
Stainless
Steel
Cyclohexane
Neoprene
Solvents
Carbon Tetrochloride
Collector*
Lid & Door
Hoses,
Gaskets &
Valve
Bodies
Flask Top
Material
Acetal
(Delrin)
Acrylic
Acetic Acid 20%
Component
Valve Stem
Buffers
Acetonittirle
Acids
D
D
C
13
Chapter 3: Getting Started
* An accessory glass lid is available for the Freeze Dry Systems.
C – Moderate degradation; Limited use.
D – Severe degradation; infrequent use recommended; immediate
thorough cleaning required.
•
•
Most common compounds used in freeze drying processes, if
allowed to enter the vacuum pump, will degrade the oil and
cause damage to the vacuum pump.
Sugars and proteins typically will have minimal negative effect
on any of the materials of construction.
When using compounds in the Freeze Dryer that are hostile to the
materials of construction, it is imperative the equipment is
thoroughly cleaned after use.
•
•
Rubber and plastic components that have been exposed to
damaging compounds should be removed and flushed with
water.
The oil in the vacuum pump should be checked often. It must
be changed if it is cloudy, shows particles or is discolored. The
useful life of vacuum pump oil can be extended if the vacuum
pump is operated for an extended period of time after a freeze
dry run. This allows contaminants to be purged from the hot
oil. This must be done with the inlet to the pump blocked off
to prevent air from free flowing through the pump. This is
accomplished by closing all sample valves on a clean, dry
freeze dry system and turning on the vacuum pump. If the
pump is operated at an elevated vacuum level (> 10mBar), oil
may be expelled from the pump and damage could occur.
Another way to extend the life of the vacuum pump is to install an
optional secondary trap in the line between the Freeze Dry System
and the vacuum pump. Contact Labconco for ordering
information.
With prudent maintenance the FreeZone Freeze Dry System will
provide years of service. Warranty on the affected parts will be
voided if maintenance has been obviously neglected. If you have
questions about using specific compounds in the Freeze Dry
System
14
Chapter 3: Getting Started
!
Solvent Safety
Precautions
Solvents used in the Stoppering Tray Dryer may
be flammable or hazardous to your health. Use
extreme caution and keep sources of ignition
away from the solvents. When using flammable
or hazardous solvents, the vacuum pump must
be vented to a fume hood.
Hazardous materials such as strong acids or
bases, radioactive substances and volatile
organics must be handled carefully and
promptly cleaned up if spilled. If a sample is
spilled in the collector chamber it must
immediately be cleaned up.
WARNING: The disposal of substances used in
connection with this equipment may be governed
by various Federal, State or local regulations.
All users of this equipment are urged to become
familiar with any regulations that apply in the
user’s area concerning the dumping of waste
materials in or upon water, land or air and to
comply with such regulations.
15
CHAPTER 4
USING YOUR
STOPPERING TRAY
DRYER
After your Stoppering Tray Dryer has been installed as detailed in
Chapter 3: Getting Started, you are ready to begin using your
Stoppering Tray Dryer. Read this chapter to learn how to:
•
•
•
operate the controls.
understand the display.
connect samples.
!
16
Do not use the Stoppering Tray Dryer in a
manner not specified by the manufacturer (refer
to Appendix C: Stoppering Tray Dryer
Specifications). The electrical protection
properties of the Stoppering Tray Dryer may be
impaired if the Stoppering Tray Dryer is used
inappropriately.
Chapter 4: Using Your Stoppering Tray Dryer
Stoppering Tray Dryer Controls
The control panel for the Stoppering Tray Dryer is shown with a
description about its function.
3
2
1
11
4
10
9
8
6
7
6
13
5
12
14
14
1. Display. Displays all necessary programming and operational data.
Provides prompts to aid in programming.
2. Display Selector. Changes format of display from “monitor’ to
“auto” to “manual” to “set up” screen.
3. Display Indicators. Amber lamps indicate which display “screen”
is shown.
4. Alarm Indicator. Red LED indicates that a system alarm has
occurred.
5. Decrease Switch. Used in programming to decrease a parameter
set point.
17
Chapter 4: Using Your Stoppering Tray Dryer
6. Increase Switch. Used in programming to increase a parameter set
point.
7. Enter Switch. Used in programming to enter a selected set point
into memory.
8. Mode Indicator. Amber lamp indicates whether the control is set
to operate either in the automatic or manual mode.
9. Mode Selector Switch. Selects the mode of operation – either
manual or automatic.
10. Run/Stop Switch. Initiates the start or stop of the lyophilization
process.
11. Run/Stop Indicator. Amber lamp burns steadily while freeze
drying is in progress and turns off if either the programmed cycle is
completed or the process is terminated in mid cycle. The amber
lamp flashes if freeze drying is in progress and an out-ofspecification condition exists.
12. Stoppering. Controls the stoppering up and down movement. The
mechanism will function only while the chamber is under vacuum.
The stoppering action should be closely monitored when operating
this control.
13. Vacuum Release. Vents the chamber so the chamber door can be
opened. This control can also vent gas into the chamber when the
gas is properly connected to the backfill port.
14. Back Fill. A regulated tank of gas may be connected to the port to
allow the introduction of gas into the chamber after freeze drying.
The port accepts 1/8" tubing.
!
Ethylene Oxide is not recommended for use in this
Tray Dryer for decontamination because of its
hazardous and corrosive properties.
15. Power Switch. Turns all power to Tray Dryer ON or OFF. Not
shown. Located on left side of cabinet.
18
Chapter 4: Using Your Stoppering Tray Dryer
Operation Checklist
The following checklist should be followed prior to each use of
your Stoppering Tray Dryer:
1. Wipe out the interior of the Stoppering Tray Dryer chamber
with a soft cloth or paper towel to remove any moisture or
debris
2. Wipe the interior of the collector chamber of the Freeze Dry
System with a soft cloth or paper towel to remove any
accumulated moisture.
3. Check the collector chamber drain hose on the Freeze Dry
System to ensure that the hose is free of moisture and that the
drain plug is securely installed.
4. Using a soft, lint-free cloth or paper towel, wipe the Freeze Dry
System collector chamber lid gasket and the Stoppering Tray
Dryer door gasket to remove any dirt and contaminants that
could cause a vacuum leak. Vacuum grease is not required on
the door gasket or collector lid gasket to obtain a proper
vacuum seal.
Operating the Stoppering Tray
Dryer
Set-Up
The display units for vacuum may be selected to be mBar, Pascal
(Pa) or Torr and the temperatures may be displayed as either °F or
°C. The refrigeration operating time may be monitored and the
vacuum reading may be calibrated. To configure your Stoppering
Tray Dryer, turn the main power switch ON. Press the Display
button until the Set up LED is lit. The display will show:
TEMPERATURE UNITS:
°C
°F
19
Chapter 4: Using Your Stoppering Tray Dryer
•
•
•
Press × or Ø until the desired units are flashing.
Press ENTER.
The display will show:
VACUUM UNITS:
MBar
•
•
•
Pa
Torr
Press × or Øuntil the desired units are flashing.
Press ENTER
The display will show:
REFRIG TOTAL HOUR: XXXX
SERVICE HOUR: XXXX
•
•
•
Press ENTER if you do not want to reset SERVICE
HOURS.
Press Ø to reset the Service Hours to 0. This allows
you to keep track of the time the refrigeration system
operated since it was serviced.
The display will show.
REFRIGERATION TOTAL HOURS: XXXX:
RESET SERVICE HOUR: ?
•
•
•
X
Hold Ø for 5 seconds.
Press ENTER.
At any time the DISPLAY button can be pressed to
select a different display screen.
Manual Control Operation
20
(1)
Turn the Power switch ON. The display will become
active.
(2)
Push the DISPLAY button until the Manual LED lights.
This will cause the manual display screen to be shown
with the previously entered set point temperature.
Chapter 4: Using Your Stoppering Tray Dryer
SET POINT TEMP –30°C
The temperature units are displayed in the units (°F or
°C) selected in the Set Up.
The temperature may be set anywhere from +40°C to
–40°C in 1°C increments.
(3)
If the set point needs to be changed, press the
INCREASE or DECREASE button until the desired set
point temperature is displayed.
(4)
Press ENTER. If ENTER is not pressed within 10
seconds, the set point will revert to the previously
entered set point temperature.
(5)
Press MODE button until the Manual LED lights.
(6)
Press RUN/STOP button. The amber LED by the
button will light and the refrigeration system and/or
heater will operate.
(7)
To change the set point temperature in the middle of a
run, repeat steps 2, 3 and 4. The system will adjust to
the new temperature set point.
(8)
To monitor system operation, press DISPLAY until the
Monitor LED lights. The display will simultaneously
show system temperature, vacuum and three sample
temperatures if sensors were plugged into their jacks at
the front of the chamber and inserted into sample vials.
If sensors are not plugged into their jacks, the probe
temperature display will show “- - -”.
The segment number will always indicate “M” while
operating in the manual mode. Segment numbers are
used only in the automatic mode to identify portions of
the programmed cycle. Temperatures and vacuum are
displayed in the units selected during the set up
procedure. Above 5.0 mBar the display will show “hi”
vacuum. System temperature rather than probe
temperature is the parameter that is regulated by the
controller.
21
Chapter 4: Using Your Stoppering Tray Dryer
P1 PRB
TMP=XX
1=XX
SEG=M
2=XX
VAC=hi
(9)
-indicates what program is selected
-shelf probes for shelf 1, 2 and 3 (If a probe
is not installed, the display shows ---)
C
-°C
F
-°F
TMP
-system temperature
SEG
-indicates what segment is active and
ramping or holding.
M
-manual mode
VAC
-system vacuum level
m
-mBar
P
-Pascal
T
-Torr
R
-Ramp
H
-Hold
TR
-Time remaining in hours
To stop, push RUN/STOP button, which will turn off
the amber LED over the switch, the refrigeration
system and the heater. To turn off the entire system,
turn the power switch off.
3=XXc
m
P1
PRB
Automatic Control Operation
The Stoppering Tray Dryer is equipped with a microprocessor
based controller that permits temperature to be programmed using
as many as five different segments. Each segment consists of a
temperature ramp function and a temperature hold function. There
are five programs of five segments each that store the settings.
One of the five may be selected by pressing the DISPLAY switch
until the AUTO LED lights. Press the UP/DOWN keys to select
the desired program, and then press “ENTER.” The display will
change to show the parameters for this program. The ramp allows
the temperature of the sample to be increased or decreased at any
desired rate within the capacity of the heating and cooling systems
of the Stoppering Tray Dryer.
A Stoppering Tray Dryer without samples on shelves is capable of
cooling at a rate of approximately .5°C/minute and can heat at
approximately 1.3°C/minute. The cooling ramp rate may be
slower as the temperature approaches –40°C. Hold temperatures
may be set anywhere from +40°C to –40°C in 1°C increments.
When the desired temperature is achieved, the hold function will
maintain that temperature for the programmed length of time. The
microprocessor control has a built in memory of the last entered
22
Chapter 4: Using Your Stoppering Tray Dryer
program to allow the identical protocol to be repeated by simply
pushing the RUN button. A typical 3 segment program is shown
in Figure 5.
Automatic Start-Up of Freeze
Dryer Vacuum
At the end of Segment 1 Hold, if the StopperingTray Dyer is
connected to the Freeze Dry System base unit, the vacuum
provided by the Freeze Dryer will start automatically. The base
unit should have the refrigeration started in manual mode to allow
it to reach temperature while the Tray Dryer is processing Segment
1 of the program. (Do not start the base unit’s refrigeration using
automatic mode. This will not allow the Tray Dryer to start the
vacuum on the Freeze Dryer). Connect the Tray Dryer to the
Freeze Dryer with cable #7353403 (this cable is shipped with the
Tray Dryer). One end of the cable plugs into the 4-pin connector
(Output to Freeze Dryer) on the back of the Tray Dryer in the
lower right hand corner of the unit (when viewing the back of the
unit), and the other end of the cable plugs into the 4-pin connector
(Stoppering Tray Dryer Input) on the back of the Freeze Dryer in
the upper right hand corner of the unit (when viewing the back of
the unit).
23
Chapter 4: Using Your Stoppering Tray Dryer
Programming
The Tray Dryer will store up to five programs numbered 1 through
5. The five programs, once programmed, will be retained in
memory. To program a run, select the program number that you
want to use and enter the parameters as follows.
Turn the Power switch to the ON position. Press the DISPLAY
button until the Auto LED lights.
NOTE: Values shown in this example are for reference only.
The “P” in the display will flash and the program number that will
be run is shown. To select different programs, press the UP or
DOWN key to change program number (Programs 1 through 5).
When the desired program number is displayed, press ENTER.
The display will show the parameters that were last entered for this
program.
P1
SEG 1
HOLD –34°C
RAMP
00.0°C/MN
TIME 00.0
If any of the parameters are changed, the ENTER key must be
pressed for the new value to be stored. If the ENTER key is not
pressed within 10 seconds after the last parameter adjustment, the
value will return to the previously stored value. The flashing
parameter name indicates the parameter that will be changed.
Pressing ENTER only will advance to the next parameter.
After the AUTO RUN cycle is started, segments with a value
greater than the segment running may have their parameters
changed. Only the selected program may be modified. To modify
a different program, the system must be stopped and the desired
program selected.
Starting the Freeze Dry Cycle
After the desired cycles have been programmed, push the MODE
button to Select-AUTO. Push the RUN/STOP button to start the
program running. The RUN indicator will light. The System
24
Chapter 4: Using Your Stoppering Tray Dryer
Status Display will change and the Display will change to
MONITOR mode.
During the RAMP cycle of the active segment, the Status Display
will be as follows:
P1
PRB 1=28 2=29
3=28
TMP=30
SEG=1R
VAC=.030
P1
-indicates what program is
selected
PRB -shelf probes for shelf 1, 2
and 3 (If a probe is not
installed, the display shows ---)
C
-°C
F
-°F
TMP -system temperature
SEG -indicates what segment is
active and ramping
VAC -system vacuum level
M
-mBar
P
-Pascal
T
Torr
C
M
During the HOLD cycle of the active segment the Status Display
will alternately be as follows:
P1
PRB 1=28 2=29
3=28
TMP=30
SEG=1H
VAC=.030
P1
C
M
PBR
TMP
SEG
VAC
P1
PRB 1=28 2=29
3=28
TMP=30
TR=4.55
VAC=0033
C
M
TR
-indicates what program is
selected
-shelf probes for shelf 1, 2
and 3
-system temperature
-indicates what segment is
active and holding
-system vacuum level
-indicates the amount of time
remaining in the present segment. If time is 10.0 hours or
more, the time is displayed in
1/10 hours. If time is less than
10.0 hours, the time is displayed
in 1/100 hours. If the hold time
was programmed to be
indefinite, the display will show
“INDF”.
25
Chapter 4: Using Your Stoppering Tray Dryer
Changing the Program
Parameters in the Middle of a Run
(1)
Press DISPLAY to obtain Monitor screen. Note current
operating segment.
(2)
Press DISPLAY to obtain Auto screen.
(3)
Enter a segment number that will occur after the current
segment that is running.
The presently running segment cannot be modified while
the system is running.
(4)
Modify as required.
(5)
Press ENTER.
Stopping the Freeze Dry Cycle
1.
At the end of the last programmed segment, the freeze dry
system will automatically stop. The refrigeration system and
the heater will shut off. The display will show Segment “E”
(End).
2.
To stop before the completion of the last programmed
segment, press RUN/STOP. The amber lamp will turn off as
will the refrigeration system and heater. The display will
remain active but time functions will stop operating.
3.
The entire system can be shut off by pressing the Power
Switch.
4.
If the Power switch is shut off prior to stopping the cycle with
the RUN/STOP button, when the Power Switch is again
turned on, the system will resume operation and attempt to
complete the programmed cycle from the point at which it
was shut off. The display mode indicator “PROGRAM” will
flash to indicate power loss during programmed run.
Monitoring the System Operation
Press the Display button until the monitor LED lights. The display
will show system temperature, system vacuum and 3 sample
temperatures if sensors were plugged into their jacks at the front of
the chamber and inserted into sample vials. If sensors are not
plugged into their jacks, the probe temperature display will show
26
Chapter 4: Using Your Stoppering Tray Dryer
“- - -”. The temperatures and vacuum are displayed in the units
selected in Set Up. Above 5.0 mBar the display will show “HI”
vacuum.
If the temperature is warmer than +50°C, the display will show
“HI”. If the temperature is cooler than –50°C, the display will say
“LO”.
Shelf Spacing Adjustment
Prior to loading the shelves with the product to be freeze dried,
adjust the shelves to the 3-shelf, 2-shelf or 1-shelf position. It is
best to observe the shelf supporting mechanism and practice while
reading these procedures. In the 3-shelf position, the spacing
between the shelves will accommodate a serum bottle with the
stopper raised up to a maximum height of 75 mm (2.9 inches).
Minimum serum bottle height with lowered stopper for bottles on 3
shelves is 38 mm (1.5 inches).
For a 2-shelf system, grasp the top shelf and raise it until it latches
in place. Then raise the middle shelf approximately 1 inch until it
latches in a position to allow a two equally spaced shelf system.
The spacing between shelves will accommodate a bottle with the
stopper raised up to a maximum height of 107 mm (4.2 inches).
Minimum serum bottle height with lowered stopper for a 2-shelf
system is 56 mm (2.2 inches).
For a single shelf system, raise both the top and middle shelves
until they latch in place in their top positions. The spacing for a
single shelf system will accommodate a bottle with raised stopper
up to a maximum height of 196 mm (7.7 inches), and the minimum
height of a bottle with lowered stopper for successful stoppering is
114 mm (4.5 inches).
To unlatch the shelves, press the latch protruding from the side of
the shelf support structure and move the latch until it clears the
shelf and allows the shelf to drop. The top shelf has one latched
position, the middle shelf has two latched positions, and the bottom
shelf should not latch in any position.
27
Chapter 4: Using Your Stoppering Tray Dryer
Shelf Loading
☞
The stoppering mechanism is capable of generating a very strong
force, which can damage the shelves or mechanism. Therefore, it
is important to distribute the serum bottles to be stoppered evenly
across the entire surface of each shelf.
Your Stoppering Tray Dryer has a unique system for keeping the
shelves level and moving smoothly while stoppering. If a problem
occurs during stoppering, the system is designed to flex a small
amount to lessen the possibility of damage to the unit.
The stoppering action should be monitored by looking through the
chamber door. Cease stoppering when all bottles appear stoppered
or if a problem occurs. Distributing the serum bottles evenly on
the shelves also aids in consistent drying of all serum bottles on
each shelf.
Sample Freezing
Before the freeze dry process can occur, the products to be dried
must be in a frozen state. This can be accomplished in a freezer
separate from the Stoppering Tray Dryer or on the shelves in the
Stoppering Tray Dryer. First the shelves should be adjusted to
accept the size of the selected sample containers. Next, turn On
the power switch and set the controls to cool the shelves. This is
most simply done by setting the temperature in the manual mode,
although segment 1 in the automatic mode can also be
programmed to cool the shelves and start the vacuum after the end
of Segment 1. Load the samples onto the shelves after the system
temperature is below the sample eutectic temperature. If desired,
place one temperature probe in a sample vial on each shelf. The
temperature can be monitored by pressing the Display button until
the Monitor LED lights.
Freeze Drying
Turn on the FreeZone Freeze Dry System base unit. Following the
instructions for the unit, this may be accomplished in either the
automatic or manual mode.
When the collector temperature is less than –40°C and the vacuum
is less than 0.133 mBar, the manual mode set point temperature
may be adjusted or the automatic mode program may be initiated.
At no time during the primary drying phase should the product
temperature be allowed to rise higher than the eutectic temperature.
28
Chapter 4: Using Your Stoppering Tray Dryer
The ice collecting coil temperature and the vacuum level should be
monitored. Higher than desired collector coil temperature or
vacuum levels will inhibit or ruin the freeze dry process.
Stoppering
The stoppering operation (when desired) is performed after the
freeze dry process is complete. To stopper, move the Stoppering
control toward the “RAISE” position. This action allows the
actuator beneath the bottom shelf to inflate causing the bottom
shelf to rise. The vials on the shelf will then contact the middle
shelf causing it to rise and the top shelf will eventually be
contacted and rise. When all three shelves have raised and made
contact with each other, stoppers will be pressed into the vials.
Monitor the stoppering process by looking through the chamber
door.
When all of the vials appear to be stoppered, move the Stoppering
control to the “LOWER” position. This opens the diaphragm to
the vacuum pump, which deflates the diaphragm. Opening the
vacuum release control also deflates the stoppering diaphragm.
The Stoppering control should be left in the “LOWER” position
when not stoppering.
Vacuum Break/Backfilling
To open the chamber door, the vacuum must be released. To
release the vacuum, move the Vacuum Release control to the
“OPEN” position and shut off the vacuum pump using the switch
on the base unit.
Air enters the vacuum chamber through the Back Fill port. When
the sound of air through the Back Fill port is no longer audible, the
chamber door is ready to open.
To backfill the chamber with a gas, connect a cylinder of the
desired gas to the Back Fill port. The port will accept 1/8" tubing.
The bottle must be equipped with a regulator set to 15 psi
maximum. The gas can be metered with the Vacuum Release
control and chamber pressure monitored with the freeze dry
system’s vacuum gauge. Allow the vacuum pump to run for a few
minutes while the gas enters to permit the back fill gas to surround
the freeze dried sample. When the vacuum pump is turned off, air
will enter the system through the vacuum break valve located
between the vacuum pump and the collector chamber.
29
Chapter 4: Using Your Stoppering Tray Dryer
Alarms
A number of unusual events may occur during a lyophilization
procedure that can adversely effect the operation of the Stoppering
Tray Dryer. If an event occurs, the alarm indicator will flash and
the beeper will sound.
The beeper will automatically mute itself after one minute. The
specific alarm can be identified observing the display. The
following “out of specification” conditions will initiate an alarm:
System Temperature Variations
Once the system temperature has stabilized for 20 minutes, if the
manual set point temperature or automatic hold temperature varies
more than ±2°C as measured by the system temperature sensor, the
Red Alarm indicator and the word “TMP” on the display will flash
until the end of the run.
Vacuum
Once the system vacuum is low and stabilized at a point where it
changes less than 0.020 mBar in 5 minutes, if the vacuum changes
more than 0.500 mBar, the Red Alarm indicator and the word
“VAC” on the display will flash until the end of the run.
System Temperature Set Point
If during a Ramp mode the system temperature stabilizes without
reaching the set point temperature, the control will enter the next
Hold mode. The Red Alarm indicator will flash and the program
indicator “Px” on the display will flash until the end of the run.
Power Failure
If a power failure occurs while a run is in progress, the Red Alarm
indicator and Run/Stop Indicator will flash when the power is
restored. Once power is restored, the process will continue as
programmed until completion. Pressing Run/Stop cancels the
flashing warning.
Temperature Probe
When the power is turned on, the Stoppering Tray Dryer
automatically checks the calibration of all four temperature probes.
If a probe is out of calibration, the alarm LED will flash and the
display will show:
30
Chapter 4: Using Your Stoppering Tray Dryer
TEMPERATURE SENSOR
X
CALIBRATION ERROR
Where X is:
S for the system probe
1 for sample probe 1
2 for sample probe 2
3 for sample probe 3
If this alarm occurs, the faulty probe must be replaced. If any of
the sample probes are faulty, it may be unplugged and the
Stoppering Tray Dryer may be used. The sample temperature
display will show “- - - .” If the system probe is faulty, it must be
replaced before the Stoppering Tray Dryer can be used.
31
CHAPTER 5
MAINTAINING YOUR
STOPPERING TRAY
DRYER
Under normal operation, the Stoppering Tray Dryer requires little
maintenance. The following maintenance schedule is
recommended:
As needed:
1. The user has the responsibility for carrying out appropriate
decontamination if hazardous material is spilled on or inside
the equipment. This may be done by wiping the contaminated
surfaces with a soft cloth dampened with alcohol. Alcohol
may craze the acrylic door. Before using any cleaning or
decontamination method except those recommended by
Labconco, users should check with Labconco that the proposed
method will not damage the equipment.
2. Clean up all spills; remove liquids from the chamber.
3. Clean door and gasket using soft cloth, sponge or chamois and
a mild, non-abrasive soap or detergent.
4. Check oil level of the vacuum pump. It should be between
MIN and MAX. If the oil level is less than an inch (25.4 mm)
above MIN, add oil to proper level.
32
Chapter 5: Maintaining Your Stoppering Tray Dryer
5. If oil shows cloudiness, particles or discoloration, drain the
pump and replace with fresh oil.
6. Utilization of acids requires immediate cleaning and
neutralization after a run or physical damage will result.
Monthly:
1. The rubber components on the Stoppering Tray Dryer may
eventually deteriorate and require replacement. The effective
life of rubber parts depends upon both their usage and the
surrounding environment. Check all rubber hoses and gaskets
and replace any that show signs of hardening, permanent set or
deterioration.
2. Using a soft cloth, sponge or chamois and a mild, non-abrasive
soap or detergent, clean the acrylic door.
3. Using a soft cloth, sponge, or chamois and a mild, non-abrasive
soap or detergent, clean the exterior surfaces of the unit.
Liquid spray cleaners and polishes may be used on the exterior
surfaces. Do not use solvents to remove stains from the
exterior surfaces as they may damage the finish.
Annually:
1. Every 12 months, or more often if the Stoppering Tray Dryer is
operated in a dusty environment, the refrigeration system
condenser should be cleaned. Using a vacuum cleaner with
brush attachment, clean the condenser to ensure proper airflow
for peak performance.
Decontamination
When freeze drying biological substances, it may be necessary to
decontaminate the system. A surface decontaminant should be
used to clean the accessible surfaces. The use of ethylene oxide is
not recommended because of its hazardous and corrosive nature.
Contact Labconco for additional information.
33
CHAPTER 6
USING THE RS232
RECEPTACLE
The operation of the Stoppering Tray Dryer and the FreeZone
Freeze Dry System can be monitored using a computer when the
Stoppering Tray Dryer is connected to the RS232 receptacle on the
rear panel of the Freeze Dry System base unit. The computer
cannot control the operation of the Freeze Dry System.
Computer Connection for
Computer Interface
Check your computer to see which type of serial port is provided,
then use a connecting cable below:
1. Computers with a 25-pin D-sub male serial connector
should use Connect Cable, Labconco part number 7537801,
to connect a computer to the Labconco Freeze Dry System.
2. Computers with a 9-pin D-sub male serial connector should
use Connect Cable, Labconco part number 7537800, to
connect a computer to the Labconco Freeze Dry System.
The purpose of the RS232 interface is to send data to a data
logging computer to monitor the state and activity of the Freeze
Dry System This data is half duplex data. The data properties are
as follows:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
34
Data Rate 2400 Baud
8 Bit word length
1 Start bit, 1 Stop bit
No parity is transmitted
Standard ASCII character set
Chapter 6: Using the RS232 Receptacle
The time between data transmissions may be varied by the user to
occur at 10, 30, 60, 300 or 600 second intervals. Press the MENU
button on the Freeze Dryer base unit until the RS232 screen
appears on the display.
RS-232 TRANSMISSION RATE
10
SECONDS
Press select until the desired time interval is shown.
The format of the transmitted message with typical values is as
follows:
B<T= -48 V= 18 SF = -41 C=999 PG=1 > TD<PR=1S=3R TR = 5678 ST= -40 P1 = -39 P2 = 999 P3 = -37 V = 0537>
Where:
B
T
-48
V
18
SF
-41
C
9
PG
1
0
TD
PR
1
S
3
R
H
TR
5678
ST
-40
P1
-39
P2
999
P3
-37
V
537
= Base Unit
= Collector Temperature
= Collector Temperature in °Celsius
= Vacuum
=Vacuum Level in Micro Bars
= Shell Freezer Temperature (if so equipped)
= Shell Freezer Temperature in °C
=Vacuum Chamber Temperature (if so equipped)
=Feature not installed or out of range
= Purge (if so equipped)
= ON
= OFF
= Tray Dryer
= Program
= Program 1 is selected
= Segment
= Segment 3 is operating
= Segment is in Ramp Mode
= Segment is in Hold Mode
= Time Remaining of the current Hold Segment
= Time Remaining in Hours
= System Temperature
= System Temperature in °C
= Probe 1 Temperature
= Probe 1 Temperature in °C
= Probe 2 Temperature
= Probe not connected or temperature is out of range
= Probe 3 Temperature
= Probe 3 Temperature in °C
= Vacuum at Stoppering Tray Dryer
= Vacuum in Micro Bars
35
Chapter 6: Using the RS232 Receptacle
There are several commercially available software packages which
can read RS232 data and enter the data into a computer program
such as a word processor (to create a text file) or spreadsheet (to
tabulate and plot the data). Consult your laboratory supply dealer
regarding the latest software available.
The following describes how to use an IBM compatible computer
with Hyper Terminal™ software (included with Windows® 95,
98, XP or 2000 operating systems) to collect the RS232 data from
your Freeze Dryer:
1. Make sure that the Freeze Dryer is properly connected to the
communication port on the computer.
2. Open Hyper Terminal™ software.
i)Windows® 95 or 98 use:
START/PROGRAMS/ACCESSORIES.
ii) Windows® 2000 or XP use:
START/PROGRAMS/ACCESSORIES/COMMUNICATIONS
The first time Hyper Terminal™ is opened a dialogue box
requesting an area code and phone number will appear. Enter
the appropriate numbers and continue.
3. The “Connection Description” dialogue box will open. Type in
a user defined name and select an icon for the new connection.
Press “OK.”
36
Chapter 6: Using the RS232 Receptacle
4. The “Connect To” dialogue box will open. Using the down
arrow selection button, select the communication port to which
the cable has been connected. Press “OK.”
5. The “Com X Properties” dialogue box will open. Enter the
appropriate data properties and press “OK.”
37
Chapter 6: Using the RS232 Receptacle
6. When the Freeze Dryer main power switch is on, the data will
be transmitted and updated at the time intervals selected by the
user.
38
CHAPTER 7
TROUBLESHOOTING
Refer to the following if your Freeze Dry System fails to operate
properly. If the suggested corrective actions do not solve your
problem, contact Labconco for additional assistance.
FreeZone Freeze Dry Systems that are clean and dry and without
samples attached should reach a vacuum of 0.133 mBar within 30
minutes and should achieve an ultimate vacuum of 0.033 mBar
within 18 hours when the refrigeration is operating. If the Freeze
Dry System does not obtain a satisfactory vacuum, perform the
following maintenance tests.
I. Vacuum Pump
First make sure that the vacuum pump operates. If it fails to
operate, check the electrical connections of the Freeze Dry System
to the power source and then check the electrical connection of the
vacuum pump to the Freeze Dry System. If the vacuum pump has
a power switch, make sure that it is turned on. If the vacuum is not
adequate when the vacuum pump is operating, proceed with the
following steps:
1. Check the oil and ensure it is clear and clean. If the oil
looks cloudy or has any particulates, replace the pump oil.
Sometimes it may be necessary to flush the pump with
clean oil several times. To flush the pump, run the pump 5
to 10 minutes to allow the oil to warm up. Drain the oil
and refill with clean oil. Repeat as necessary.
2. Check the oil level in the pump. Ensure it is filled to the
correct level.
3. Check vacuum hose connections from the pump to the
Freeze Dryer and try running the unit.
39
Chapter 7: Troubleshooting
If vacuum problems continue, consider obtaining a second vacuum
gauge capable of reading a vacuum of 0.010 mBar. It is often
useful in determining if the vacuum pump is operating properly
and the vacuum sensor reading is accurate.
4. Isolate the pump by disconnecting the vacuum hose from
the Freeze Dry System. Deadhead the pump by inserting
the vacuum sensor from a secondary vacuum gauge into the
end of the vacuum hose and observe the vacuum reading
obtained. Confirm that the pump is capable of achieving an
ultimate vacuum less than 0.010 mBar or approximately 10
microns. If an inadequate vacuum reading is obtained, the
pump has most likely failed and may need to be replaced or
rebuilt.
II. Gaskets, Tubing, Connections, Sample
Valves
1. Check all sample valves on the optional 6 port manifold
shelf (if it is installed) and ensure all valves are closed or in
the vent position.
2. Check the drain line on the Freeze Dry System and ensure
the drain plug is installed and the tube appears to be in
good condition.
3. Check all rubber vacuum tubing for signs of deterioration
or cracking.
4. Check all connections and make sure they are secure and
leak tight.
5. Check the Freeze Dry System collector lid gasket and the
Stoppering Tray Dryer door gasket for indentations, cracks
or tears. Clean gaskets using a soft, lint free cloth or paper
towel.
6. The Stoppering Tray Dryer chamber and base unit collector
chamber must be dry.
7. When checking the sample valves, (if the system is so
equipped), pull as much vacuum as possible. If a vacuum
indication is displayed, wiggle or rotate the valves and
watch the gauge for any fluctuations. Fluctuations can
indicate a potential vacuum leak. If the valve seems to be
in good condition, remove the valve and apply a thin coat
of vacuum grease to the stem and the outside sealing
surface of the valve body, and reinstall the valve. If the
valve still seems to be the source of the problem, remove
the valve and stopper the hole with a rubber stopper.
Continue checking the other valves.
40
Chapter 7: Troubleshooting
The illustration below shows how the sample valve installs on
a manifold.
Manifold Assembly
Knob & Stem
Assembly
Valve Body
Trim Ring
System Components and
Collection Chamber Isolation
The following test allows you to check the pump and the
connections from the pump to the vacuum tube.
1. Place a rubber stopper in the vacuum port in the left side of
the collector chamber and another in the drain port in the
bottom.
2. Restart the vacuum system and check your vacuum
indication. Insufficient vacuum indicates a bad pump or a
leak in the connections from the pump to the side of the
chamber.
41
Chapter 7: Troubleshooting
The following test is used to check the integrity at the Freeze Dry
System collection chamber. The figure below points out potential
areas to locate a leak:
Collector
Chamber
Areas for
Potential Leaks
42
Chapter 7: Troubleshooting
1. Remove the stopper from the side of the chamber and place
a flat gasket and a freeze dry flask over the connection port.
2. Fill the collection chamber with approximately 2 inches of
water, enough to cover all fittings. Replace the collection
chamber lid and turn on the vacuum pump. Allow the
vacuum pump to run for approximately 5 to 10 seconds. (If
the vacuum pump is left on, the water will begin to boil and
the test will not be effective). Look inside the chamber for
any bubbling while the pump is running and after you shut
the pump off.
3. If bubbling is observed around the bulkhead fittings, access
the bottom of the chamber and remove the insulation.
Tighten the appropriate fitting by placing a wrench on the
fitting inside the chamber and use a second wrench to turn
the nut on the bottom of the chamber. Be careful not to
damage the evaporator coils or the brazed joints to the
refrigeration system. Once the fitting is tightened, perform
the test again. Should the bubbling still be present, loosen
the bulkhead fittings and apply vacuum grease to the Orings, then reassemble and test.
43
Chapter 7: Troubleshooting
O Ring and
Vacuum Grease
Collector Coil
Nut
4. If bubbling was observed on the chamber surface, the
chamber must be replaced. This type of leak cannot be
successfully repaired. The leading cause of a chamber
surface leak is corrosive residue left in the chamber after
use.
This test verifies that the vacuum leak is in the Stoppering Tray
Dryer.
1. Remove the Stoppering Tray Dryer.
2. Position a flat gasket over the 3.0 inch diameter vacuum
port and turn a large freeze dry flask upside down to cover
the connection port.
3. Start the freeze dryer and observe the vacuum indication.
If the vacuum indication is good, then the problem is in the
Stoppering Tray Dryer and you should proceed to Section
IV, Stoppering Tray Dryer.
44
Chapter 7: Troubleshooting
IV. Stoppering Tray Dryer
•
•
•
•
Inspect the door and door gasket.
Inspect the coupling between the freeze dryer and the
Stoppering Tray Dryer.
Remove the top left hand cover panel and inspect the valve and
hose connections to the chamber.
Remove the top right hand cover and inspect the electrical pass
through and gasket on the top of the chamber.
Refrigeration Module Operation
Under a no-load condition and depending on the ambient
temperature, the Stoppering Tray Dryer refrigeration system can
achieve a system temperature of –40°C or lower within 4 hours
when the vacuum pump is running.
If any repairs are required on the refrigeration module, contact
your local laboratory supply dealer. If your laboratory supply
dealer is unable to provide assistance, please call Labconco.
Repairs should only be undertaken by a competent refrigeration
technician or through an authorized Labconco service agency.
Access to Mechanical
Components
(1)
To gain access to the refrigeration system, pump, tank, and
the controller and control panel components, it is necessary
to remove the cover on the left side.
(2)
Remove the stainless steel front panel and control panel.
Disconnect the wires to the power switch. Remove the left
cover.
(3)
Additional access is available by removing the remaining
screws, which hold the rear panel in place, and lifting it off
the unit.
45
Chapter 7: Troubleshooting
Shelf and Stoppering System
Removal
46
(1)
The shelf and stoppering system may be removed from the
chamber as an assembly for repairs if needed.
(2)
Remove the acrylic door by taking out the two hex socket
head screws located on the right hand end of the cross bar.
(3)
Remove the door gasket. Carefully pull loose all of the
plastic fasteners (located around the periphery of the
chamber) from the chamber. Leave the spacer blocks
behind the gasket attached to the gasket.
(4)
Place a support in front of the chamber and slide the shelf
and stoppering system out approximately 2 inches.
(5)
Loosen the clamp securing the stoppering diaphragm tube
(located in the lower center at the back of the chamber) and
remove the tube. Slide the assembly out of the chamber
and onto the support.
(6)
The assembly is now ready for repairs. Whenever possible,
do not break the fluid system.
(7)
Reverse the removal procedures for installation of the shelf
and stoppering system. Make sure the fluid inlet and outlet
tubes are routed on top of the assembly.
Chapter 7: Troubleshooting
Filling the Fluid System
1.
2.
3.
4.
Fluid Circulation Valve
Fluid Reservoir and Cap
Electrical Junction Block
Flexible Tubing
(1)
Make sure the Power Switch is in the OFF position.
(2)
Remove the left cover.
(3)
Remove the insulation and both caps from the fluid
circulation valve, which is located directly behind the fluid
reservoir (Item 1).
(4)
Attach a flexible tube to the exposed port (service port).
The port is 3/8" x 45° male flare (Item 4).
(5)
Remove the fluid reservoir cover (Item 2) and place the
opposite end of the tubing into the fluid reservoir.
47
Chapter 7: Troubleshooting
(6)
Fill the reservoir slowly allowing the fluid to drain through
the system. When the system appears full, prepare to start
the circulation pump.
(7)
Open the fluid circulation valve by completely “downseating” (turn top valve stem completely clockwise) to
direct fluid to by-pass through tubing to fluid reservoir.
(8)
Attach the power wires to the power switch. Activate the
pump by moving the Power switch to the ON position. The
control panel does not need to be installed. If it is installed,
the RUN/STOP switch must be off. The fluid system will
circulate with the fluid going through the add-on tubing,
purging itself of air. Add fluid when needed to keep fluid
in the reservoir. After the fluid stream is established, tilt
the stoppering system up and down. Observe the fluid
stream and repeat the tilt procedure if it is not free of
bubbles.
(9)
After the system is free of air, “up-seat” fluid circulation
valve (turn valve stem completely counter-clockwise,
closing the fluid/tubing by-pass).
(10)
Set the controller to operate at 24°C (75°F) in the manual
mode. Push the “Run/Stop” switch to start the system.
(11)
When the system temperature stabilizes, add or remove
fluid from the reservoir to the level indicated by the label.
(12)
Apply vacuum to the unit, and when the system is
0.133 mBar or less install the cap on the tank.
(13)
Remove the tubing. Replace the caps on the valve and
replace insulation and covers.
Heat Transfer Fluid Precautions
The fluid’s name and manufacturer are:
Name: Lexol 542
Manufacturer: Santa Barbara
Chemical Co.
927 Indio
Muerto
Santa Barbara,
CA 93140
805-963-7793
48
Chapter 7: Troubleshooting
!
WARNING: The fluid used for heat transfer in
this system is combustible and hazardous. Leaks
and spills should be attended to immediately.
Handling and Storage Precautions – Dirty Solvent:
Store in accordance with all applicable regulations.
Tighten caps and store in a cool area.
Precautions if Material is Released or Spilled: Spills
should be contained immediately. Spills may be soaked up
with absorbent materials, placed in closed containers,
labeled, stored and disposed of properly. Persons
performing this work should wear adequate personal
protective equipment and clothing.
Disposal of Non-Recyclable Solvents: Dispose of in
accordance with all federal, state, and local health and
pollution regulations. Follow same guidelines as used
when disposing kerosene.
Heat Transfer Fluid First Aid
Procedures
Eye Contact: Immediately flush eyes with fresh water for
at least 15 minutes. If irritation persists, get medical
attention.
Skin Contact: Wash contaminated areas with soap and
water. Remove contaminated clothing and footwear. Wash
clothing before reuse. Discard footwear, which cannot be
decontaminated. Medical attention may be required.
Inhalation: Remove patient to fresh air. If breathing
stops, give artificial respiration. Get medical attention
immediately, if required.
Ingestion: Get medical attention immediately. Do not
induce vomiting.
49
CHAPTER 8
MODIFYING YOUR
STOPPERING TRAY
DRYER DISPLAY
Your Stoppering Tray Dryer has been carefully calibrated and
tested before shipping, however under certain circumstances it may
be necessary to adjust the calibration of the vacuum display or to
reset factory settings. These adjustments may be necessary if the
Stoppering Tray Dryer requires service.
An offset may be added to the vacuum display. Use an accurate
traceable reference to compare the readings.
Vacuum offset may be varied ±0.010 mBar in 0.001 mBar
increments.
Modifying the Display
To enter an offset or to restore all factory settings, perform the
following steps:
•
•
Press the DISPLAY button until the Set Up LED is lit.
Press and hold DISPLAY button for 10 seconds.
The display will first show the screen used for setting Auto
mode parameters and then will show:
PRODUCTION MENU
MASTER RESET?
50
Chapter 8: Modifying Your Stoppering Tray Dryer Display
If you want to restore all factory settings hold ENTER
approximately 5 seconds.
This will reset:
Vacuum units to mBar
Temperature units to °C
Refrigeration service hours to 0
Refrigeration total hours to 0
RS232 transmission rate to 10 seconds
Vacuum offset to 0 mBar
At the completion of Master Reset, the display will show
operational parameters.
If you do not want to restore all factory settings, but want to adjust
the vacuum offset, press DISPLAY briefly and the display will
show:
VACUUM OFFSET:
0 mBar
Press × or Ø until the appropriate offset is shown. Each
number represents an offset of 0.001 mBar
Press DISPLAY and the display will show
PRODUCTION MENU:
MASTER RESET?
Wait approximately 10 seconds and the display will default to
show operational.
51
APPENDIX A
STOPPERING TRAY
DRYER
COMPONENTS
The following pages list components that are available for your
Stoppering Tray Dryer. The parts shown are the most common
replacement parts. If other parts are required, contact Product
Service.
52
Appendix A: Stoppering Tray Dryer Components
Item
Part No.
Qty
1
7592002
7592001
7592000
1
1
1
Compressor 115V – 60 Hz
Compressor 230V – 50 Hz
Compressor 230V – 60 Hz
Description
2
7501900
7501901
1
1
Lexsol Pump 115V
Lexsol Pump 230V
3
7510900
7510901
1
1
Heater 115V
Heater 230V
4
7529500
1
Bulkhead Harness
5
7353300
1
Temperature Sensor - System
6
7353301
3
Temperature Sensor – Sample
7
7765500
1
Diaphragm
8
7354000
1
Door Gasket
9
1926200
20
Clip - Door Gasket
10
7766801
2 Gal.
11
7353500
1
Printed Circuit Board Control
12
7448000
1
Printed Circuit Board RS232
13
7761900
1
Coupling – Vacuum
14
1966900
2
Clamp Coupling
15
7781502
1
Door Assembly
Heat Transfer Fluid (Not Shown)
53
Appendix A: Stoppering Tray Dryer Components
54
APPENDIX B
STOPPERING TRAY
DRYER DIMENSIONS
55
Appendix B: Stoppering Tray Dryer Dimensions
Serum Bottle Capacity of the Stoppering Tray Dryer
Size
2 ml
3 ml
5 ml
5 ml
10 ml
10 ml
20 ml
30 ml
50 ml
100 ml
125 ml
56
Labconco No.
Shelf Capacity
No. of Shelves
7575010
7575210
7573010
7762310
7573210
7762610
7573410
7573610
7573810
7574010
7574210
399
296
255
255
195
255
132
86
72
42
36
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
2
2
1
Total
Capacity
1197
888
765
765
585
765
396
258
144
84
36
APPENDIX C
STOPPERING TRAY
DRYER SPECIFICATIONS
This Appendix contains technical information about the Freeze
Dryer including electrical specifications, environmental operating
conditions and wiring diagrams.
Voltage
Catalog
Number Description
Nominal
Operating
Range Frequency
Phase
Amperage
7948020 Stoppering Tray Dryer
115
100
103-127
90-110
60
50
1
1
12.4
12.4
7948030 Stoppering Tray Dryer
230
198-254
50
1
6.9
7948040 Stoppering Tray Dryer
230
187-253
60
1
6.9
Environmental Conditions
• Indoor use only.
• Maximum altitude: 6562 feet (2000 meters).
• Ambient temperature range: 41° to 104°F (5° to 40°C).
• Maximum relative humidity: 80% for temperatures up to
88°F (31°C), decreasing linearly to 50% relative humidity
at 104°F (40°C).
• Main supply voltage fluctuations not to exceed ±10% of the
nominal voltage.
• Transient over voltages according to Installation Categories
II (Over voltage Categories per IEC 1010). Temporary
voltage spikes on the AC input line that may be as high as
1500V for 115V models and 2500V for 230V models are
allowed.
• Used in an environment of Pollution degrees 2 (i.e., where
normally only non-conductive atmospheres are present).
Occasionally, however, a temporary conductivity caused by
condensation must be expected, in accordance with IEC
664.
57
Appendix C: Stoppering Tray Dryer Specifications
Wiring Diagram Catalog 7948020 (115V, 60 Hz)
58
Appendix C: Stoppering Tray Dryer Specifications
Wiring Diagram Catalog #7948030 and 7948040 (230V, 50
or 60 Hz Models)
59
APPENDIX D
STOPPERING TRAY
DRYER ACCESSORIES
The following accessories are available for the Freeze Dryer.
PART #
DESCRIPTION
7726500
6 Port Manifold for use with Stoppering Tray Dryer
Mounts between the Stoppering Tray Dryer and the base unit and
provides 6 freeze dry valves.
7537800
Cable
Connect the RS232 output from the Freeze Dryer (or Freeze Dryer/Tray
Dryer combination) to an IBM compatible computer with a 9-pin serial
data port.
Cable
Connects the RS232 output from the Freeze Dryer (or Freeze Dryer/Tray
Dryer combination) to an IBM compatible computer with a 25-pin serial
data port.
Isolation Valve
Mounts between the Stoppering Tray Dryer and the base unit, which
provides a way to isolate the base unit vacuum system from the
Stoppering Tray Dryer vacuum system.
Tray with Slide-Out Bottom
14" wide x 12" deep. Stainless steel tray has separate bottom, which
slides out allowing serum bottles, and ampules direct contact with the
shelf to facilitate the drying process.
7537801
7761500
7756100
7756200
Bulk Tray
15" wide x 11-1/2" deep. Stainless steel tray will contain liquids for
bulk drying.
7756300
Shelf Spacers
2-1/2" high x 9" wide x 13" deep. Two stainless steel spacers placed on
one or two empty shelves assist stoppering of partial loads of small vials
or bottles.
Support Grid
7" wide x 7" deep. Stainless steel tray with removable plastic grid
provides support for stoppering ampules and other small specimen
containers while stoppering under vacuum. Grid holds 144 ampules of
12 mm diameter.
7516200
60
Appendix D: Freeze Dryer Accessories
Serum Bottles and Vials
Threaded Vials
Stoppers and Threaded Vials with Screw Caps are supplied
in packages of 200.
Size
Vials with
Screw Caps
Stoppers
5 ml
10 ml
7762300
7762600
7762200
7762200
Accessories
Perfect for long term storage of freeze dried samples.
Labconco Serum Bottles and Threaded Vials are specifically
designed for lyophilization applications. Their uniform thin
wall construction ensures even freezing and drying. Bottles
and vials are ideal containers for use in the FreeZone
Stoppering Tray Dryer. Serum bottles also connect to valve
ports on drying chambers and manifolds.
Serum Bottles
Serum Bottles, Stoppers and Seals are supplied in packages of 100.
Size
2 ml
3 ml
5 ml
10 ml
20 ml
30 ml
50 ml
100 ml
125 ml
20 mm
Corkage
7573010
7573210
7573410
7573610
7573810
7574010
7574210
13 mm
Corkage
7575010
7575210
Split
Stoppers
7576010
7576010
7576210
7576210
7576210
7576210
7576210
7576210
7576210
Aluminum
Seals
7577010
7577010
7577110
7577110
7577110
7577110
7577110
7577110
7577110
Seal Crimper
Secures tear-away Aluminum Seals.
7578000 Seal Crimper for 13 mm corkage.
Shipping weight 3 lbs. (1.4 kg).
7578100 Seal Crimper for 20 mm corkage.
Shipping weight 3 lbs. (1.4 kg).
Sleeve-Type
Stoppers
7577510
7577510
7577510
7577510
7577510
7577510
7577510
61
62
For more information, please contact us:
ExpotechUSA
10700 Rockley Road
Houston, Texas 77099
USA
281-496-0900 [voice]
281-496-0400 [fax]
E-mail: [email protected]
Website: www.ExpotechUSA.com
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